Collocations

Advanced
Felicity O'Dell
Michael McCarthy
English
Collocations in
Advanced Use
Felicity O'Dell
Michael McCarthy
How words
work together
for fluent and
natural English
Self-study and
classroom use
.I![II!I CAMBR l DGE
V UNTVERSfI'Y I'K£SS
UNI VERSITY PRE ..
Cambridge. New Ylll1:, Melbourne, Madrid. Thwn, Singapore, sao Paulo, Delhi
Cambridge Univcrsity Press
The Ildjnburgh Buikling, Cambridge Cl'!2 8RU, UK

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Contents
Acknowledgements 3
Using this book 4
Learning about collocations
1 Introducing collocations
2 Strong, fixed and weak collocations
3 Grammatical categories of collocation
4 Using your dictionary and other resources
5 Finding and working on collocations in texts
6 Register
Varieties of collocations
7 Metaphor foot the bill, heavy burden, run into trouble
8 Intensifying and softening adverbs deeply offensive, spotlessly clean, wildly inaccurate
9 Make and verbs that mean make make a contribution, make a habit of, turn in a profit
10 Communicating generally speaking, talk business, get a message across
11 Collocations with phrasal verbs take up office, work up an appetite, see off an
intruder
Topics: work and study
12 Working life make a living, take up a post, move up the ladder
13 New employment fit the job description, land a new job, menial tasks
14 Thoughts and ideas bear in mind, widespread belief, jump to conclusions
15 Business reports fierce competition, stimulate growth, hike in prices
16 Customer services fit for purpose, kick up a fuss, grounds for complaint
17 Student life gifted child, mature student, thirst for knowledge
18 Writing essays, assignments and working hypothesis, confront issues, critical analysis
reports
Topics: leisure and lifestyle
19 Social life call for a celebration, social whirl, play host to
20 Talking juicy gossip, broach the subject, opening gambit
21 News declare independence, reach agreement, bow
to pressure
22 Current affairs refuse point-blank, decline to comment, gauge
reaction
23 Festivals and celebrations date back to, movable feast, propose a toast
24 Advertisements and fashion set the trend, fashion victim, flawless complexion
25 Traffic and driving lengthy delays, grind the gears, bear left
26 Travel and adventure get itchy feet, off the beaten track, leg of the journey
27 Sport keep in shape, reach fever pitch, score an own goal
28 Plans and decisions toy with an idea, tentative suggestion, deciding
factor
29 Film and book reviews star-studded cast, glowing reviews, hold one’s
attention

English Collocations in Use Advanced 1
© Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org
Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-70780-0 - English Collocations in Use: Advanced
Felicity O’Dell and Michael McCarthy
Frontmatter
More information
Topics: the modern world
30 Regulations and authority minimise danger, grant permission, faceless
bureaucrats
31 The environment dump waste, searing heat, offset carbon emissions
32 Town and country life back of beyond, rural idyll, urban regeneration
33 Personal finance clear one’s debts, agreed credit limit, identity theft
34 The economy curb inflation, safeguard one’s interests,
plummeting profits
35 Social issues antisocial behaviour, dysfunctional family, unfit
for human habitation
36 Science and technology harness technology, cutting edge design, wireless
hotspots
37 Health and medicine build up resistance, adverse reaction, shake off a cold
38 Criminal justice custodial sentences, beyond reasonable doubt,
trumped-up charges
39 War and peace deploy troops, pre-emptive strike, collateral damage
Topics: people
40 Friendship lifelong friends, platonic relationship, heal the rift
41 Youth and age child prodigy, go through a midlife crisis, senior moment
42 Celebrities and heroes go into rehab, kiss and tell, heap praise on
43 Criticising people bone idle, poison the atmosphere, nasty piece of work
44 References act as a referee, accumulate experience, financial acumen
45 Appearance and personality boundless energy, stubborn streak, act one’s age
Basic concepts
46 Time and space cramped conditions, waste of space, go down in history
47 Sound husky voice, incessant noise, let out a cry
48 Making things easier viable options, simplicity itself, take the easy way out
49 Difficulty severe blow, hinder progress, encounter difficulties
50 Quantity and size finite number, endless supply, unknown quantity
51 Change sweeping changes, would make a change, sudden shift
Functions
52 Stopping and starting bring a halt to, close off a street, dispel rumours
53 Cause and effect root cause, provoke an outcry, dire consequences
54 Describing groups and amounts swarm of bees, flurry of activity, stroke of genius
55 Comparing and contrasting bear little resemblance to, polar opposites, draw a
comparison between
56 Making an effort give it one’s best shot, abortive attempt, worth a try
57 Social English not lose any sleep, to be brutally honest, be on the go
58 Discussing issues make a commitment, give a straight answer, miss
the point
59 Negative situations and feelings nasty shock, take exception to, suffer at the hands of
60 Positive situations and feelings sense of achievement, state of euphoria, derive
pleasure from
Key 126
Index 162
2 English Collocations in Use Advanced
© Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org
Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-70780-0 - English Collocations in Use: Advanced
Felicity O’Dell and Michael McCarthy
Frontmatter
More information
Acknowledgements
The author, wi,h abrwe ,,[I to thank their editor, at Cambridg" University Press,
especially euoli"" Thiriau and Franc., Di,ken who,. expert'" and unfailing
guidanc" and wcouragemcnt "ave .\Upportcd the from to end.
W. al<o thank Aiy,on Ma,koll for"ll Mf prof.ssional skills in steering the hook
through it. final Linda roo, de,",",'"" OUf th"nb for org.nising th.
proollcti()£l ,ch.du,"" for the book.
We mUSt aJso thank the Corp"' learn at Cambridge I)";""";ty p,-.,s for th. if hdp in
providing list!; of frequent collocation eHors made by learMrs taking advanced .,mm,.
Special a],o must go to Liz Wahr for in .. aluab'" atld sugge,tion,
while w. we,. compiling the ];,;t< of collocations.
Al,o, as alway" thank Our domestic part". " for lheir and support during
the wTiting of this book.
We have also feedback fmm hoth m,Jcnt, and Th.ir
comm.nts had a gr.at influcnee On tho final manuscript and we yery gratdul
10 t""m. In particular, w. would like to thank following I.ach", fronl all ovc< tho
world who hay. tho material throughout it,
Garan Holcomhe, UK
Terry Nelson, Ko(. a
Tl,. ndan O's., mland
Paul Pauwd" Relgium
l\rtUT Polit, UK
Mark Tondeor, UK
Proouc<:d by Kamac Design, Oxford
by Kathy Baxendale, Jo Blake, Rokr! Caklw, Mostyn
and Sam Tbompsol1
Using this book
What is a collocationt
Collocation means a natural combination of words; it rders to the way words are
closdy associated with each other. For example, pay and attention go together, as do wmmit
and crim£; blond goes with hair and heavy wilh rai,,_
Why learn collocationst
You need to collocations because they will help you 10 'p"ak and write English in "-
more natural and accurate way. Poopl . will probably und .. stand what you mean if you
about making" crime or say was hard rain this morning, bm your language will
sound unnarura[ and might perhaps confuse. Did you mean that there wu a lot of or
perhap, that {h"" wa. a hailstocml
uarning will also help you to increase your range of English vocabulary. For
example, you'll find it to avoid word, lih very or "ice or or get by choosing
a word that fits context better and bas a marc precise meaning. This i, particularly usdul
if you are t:obng a written exam in Engli,l, 3nd want to make a good impre'sion on
examin. r,. In ad,·anc. d level elmm" often specifically awardtd for appropriate
of collocation.
At an ad.anced level an appreciation of collocation can al,o be holpful in term. of
appr. ciating other writers' use of language. Skilled users of the language may choose ro
dfects by varying the normal pattews of collocation, with the aim of ,tartling
Or amusing This technique is particularly popular with poets, journalist' and
advertisers. From an appreciation of the w3y in which creative writers play with language,
you may then even want ro mOve On to word, in more original ways yourself. You are
likely to ahl. to do thi, effectively if you have 3'<.<imilated the standard patterns of
language presenred in this book.
How were the collocations in this book selectedt
The collocations in this book were all from thas. as significant
by CAN CODE corpus of spoken English, developed at the Univmity of Nottingham in
association with Camhridgt University Press, and rhe Cambridge blTernatiolUl[ Corpus of
and Engli'h. W. also made .",ensive of the Caml,ridge Learner Corpu<, a
corpus of student which uS what kind of collocation errors to
make.
corpora ,how that ther. ar. many thousands of in English. So how could
we ,dect which. would be mOSt useful for you to work On in thi, book?
Firstly, of COU(se, we wanted to choose ones that you might want to in your own
and spohn English. So, in the unit Health and medicint we indllde, for example,
off a cold and rtspond well to treatmwt but not grllmbling apP"ndix, which is a 'trong
collocation, but one which - hope - most of you will nOt fed the need for.
Secondly, we decided it would Ix mOSt useful for you if we focllsed on those collocations
which are not obvious. A pretty girl, a modern car or to buy a ticht are all
collocations, but combinatif>llS which you can easily understand and produce you..sclf
without any problems. So we with les, obviolls word combinations, for instance,
flatly contradict (not sff911gly contradict) and bitter (not ."iA""
of you mal' have already used our Eng/ish Collocations in Use In general,
we have tried to avoid focusing on collocations that we dealt with in that book. The One
exception i, with collocations that the Cambridge Learner Corp"s highlighted as causing
frequent problem' for students, even in advanced level exam •. We felt that it would he useful
to draw attention to such collocations again, even if we had dealt with them previously.
Idioms can bt seen as one type of collocation. We deal with them separately in Engli<h Idiomr
in Use, and so do nO( focus on them here.
How is the book organised!
The book has 60 two-page unit,. The left-hand page pre,em, the collocations that are focu",d
on in the unit. You will usually find examples of collocations in typical conte>:ts with, where
appropriate, any special nOle. about their meaning and their usage. The right-hand page
checks that you have understood the information on the left-hand page by giving you a series
of exercises that practise the material ju,t presented.
The unit, are organi",d into different sections. First we stan with important information
relating to learning about collocations in general. TI.en thete is a section focusing On different
types of collocation. The rest of the book deals with collocation, that relate to particular
topi"" such as Student life and Film and hook reviewr, concepts such as So"nd or Difficulty
and functions such as Ca"se and ef{ut or Comparing and contrasting.
The hook has a key to all the exerci,es and an index which li,ts all the collocations we deal
with, and indicates the units where they can he found.
How should I use this bookl
It is strongly recommended that you work througb the ,ix introductory units first, so that you
btcome familiar with the nature of collocations and with how best to study them. After that,
you may work on the units in any order that suits you.
What else do I need in order to work with this bookl
You need a notehook or file in which you can write down {he collocations that you study in
this book, as well as any others that you come a"O'l> elsewhere.
You also need to have access to a good At rhis level we 'trongly recommend the
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary a, this gives exactly the kind of information that
you need to have about collocations. It docs this both through the examples provided for each
word entry and through special collocations boxe, or mini·panels. Your teacbtr, however,
may al,o bt able to recommend other dictionaries that you wilJ find If you have access
to the Internet, you will also find this a source of information about language u,e and
we occasionally suggest possible activities using the web.
So, a ,tud)" of collocation is highly recommended (Un;1 8) if you want to impress people
with your natural and use of language and to gain more mark. (Unit 1) in English
exams. Above all, we 'incerely hope (Un;t 57) both that this hook will help you acquire the
knowledge (Unit 17) you need about English collocations and al,o that you will rhoroughly
enjoy (Unit 8) working through the units in English ColloCiltionr in Ure Advanced.
I Introducing collocations
A Whilt are collocations!
A cO]]O<-'ati on i . combinar,,)n of two or mOre word. whi<:h occur
""mean" says, 'She's 8'>1 yellow hair', they woui<J probably undersrorxl, but it not what
would otdin""ily be said in English. W.'d '"y, 'She's gM bkmJ haiT'.ln or h., w",Js,
doc!n't mll<><:31e wirh hal, in everyday Engliih. Yellow with, SIly, fll)Wc" or P"jnt.
Collocation. a re nol ill!1 "",rter of how ad)IX. i"'lll c(lrnbine with noun$, They un ",f • •
' 0 any kind of typical word mmbinatioll, for example noun 'e.g. arol><t
'"":rest., Ie .... a semin3r), + adjective (e.g. fumbmemally dillel' oent), a,I",.b +- verb
(e.g.lL:tdy CQnu-;.dicl), •• tIO.m + noun (q;. a lick of painr, ,, of word< of
Ml oo.nj. n..,,., much ,non: about diffe",n! gMl mmuicJ.1 type:< ill COUOCI ti o.ln in Unit J.
Nlla.al veri:>< lo.g. come up lilith, run up, 1(1 1 and roml"'und noun! (e.g. economy
drive, $l(xk ate ,om.l iIllCS de'ICribed of collocations. However, in this book
..... e coD,ider Ihom as individ,,,,l loxical ilonu and K> ,,,dudo them h.rt i" ,otnbination
with som.lhins e.g. com. up with !ul!:gelliou, nul up a bill, adhere 10 your prindpb,
go on an drive, pby I"" stock
It can be diffu: ult For of Engl .... 10 kllow WOlds rolJoe:nc, u nJ tural
collncotioll' nOt ..... gucssa ble. The« ... f ..... o:><2mp\e. no obvi"". rt<l.'IOJl
wh)· we say makiug .. d< r:ttb...- du.n geltins frWlds Of heavy raill , ,,0(""""'8 ."it,.
LeamN. aim to kn" ..... who" roll ocatio1'$ ue awropriut. This i, u51l.1.11}·
referred to by lingui llS knowing whi,h regislet t" u"'. Alight from a bus j, a forlllal
,oll ocation ".od in other official Tn c,,",yday ,ilUa[ions we would, of
COl""', always to ile About Rotting off a ;11110<0 alxmt regi s[.r and colJncation in
Uni' 6.
Why is it important to learn colkKadons1
An a ppreci:lt1on of colloc;a tioo will hdp yOu to:
• USf' ,he ""o,d, you know mo...,
rn other worck, you'll make (NOT 00) fewtr m; ..
• sound mort ",,'uta! whon you 'p"ak and wrot.
By saying, for example, of ;mporunce, rather than of big or higb ""porl"n"" you
won't just he undernood, you will - quilt right ly - sonnd lih a fiuem u.ler "f Engli,h.
• vary you. 'pc""h and, prolxl bly importantly, J·Oli. writing
[nsl""d of repe;.lin8 word" like wry, g<>Cd or nia, you will be able t n
a wi<lor 1'3"80 of You would A3 in mOT, Jrulrh in an oxant, j ()<' lo t
wriring w .. haJ" blissfully IMm holiday in II link uil/;tge SOIrT'OU, uhd
by <pedaadar mo,,,"aUos than for W .. had" 11('1 ''''PI'> hoIitM)· Uf a Iliu littk "i/lage
<1UTOII-.u!oJ by hNutiful""",ntain., .. 'V<: n thou", hn'h perfectly oorrttt .
• und""tand when s write, departl from ""'mal pattern. of collna!!o"
A journali!" po<.:t, ad''l' rtiser or mner invenr; v. Us.ef of "ften an df.ct
by not choosillg Ihe collocation. For a travel article aoout lh.l""lia"
capital hc entitled No plaa like Rome, " rekr.m'l' to tho popular
no pla.:elikt h""",.
Exercises
r. r Match the IWO of these
,
adhere TO taUl
2 arou,e differ. nt
,
blrmd of ",isdom
4 "'me up with your principl es
5 flatly economy drive
6 fundamentolly a semmar
7 go on som. one's int. rest
"

contradicT
,
lead hair
W a lick the stock market
11 play of paim
12 word, a sUAA. SllOn
1.2 Cor",ct the underlined errOTS ",ith word. from B.Be careful, you will find the
words in the text, not in the example"
1 Exam candida,e, often make ia..u.!tt in their us. of verbs like do, make, go and get,
2 Try tn us. a ll!.nm range of I. nguage when ),OU wri,e,
J Ex.m candidatc. who u,e collocation, well boiler marh,
" You have to know what normal collcxation patterns an:> befo", )'ou can kJg; them,
S Th. wri " r used co]l<Xjuinllanguage to fuun an dfect,
1.3 Look at these sentmee, from a hotel brochure. Improve the ,tyl. by replacing thc words in
italic. with the word in bracke," that forms the best ",lIocation. IU .. each word only once.)
1 Our n. w famil y hotd set in a "ice location and all the room, have Ilia furni. hings and
n;a view, over th. ""rounding countryside. (., tylish I .. cluded I
2 Visiwr5 will enjoy the good atmo.phere in either of Our guod dining ruoms, both , erving
good food to both Jesidents and non-resident •. (dericion,! relaxing! spaciou. )
J Wc organise tom, to bwutiful surrounding villag .. where you'll have the opportunity to
rake some beautiful photngraphs nnd s"mpk beautiful local cuisine.
(mout h-wntering ! picturesqu. ! stunning)
r.4 Write F (formal), I (informal) or N (neutral) in th. bracketS at the end of each semenee, In
each pair of sentence" there i, Ofl. fl . utral sentence and one formal or informal.emence.
Und. rline the oollocatic:>ns that are noticeably formal or informal.
a Passenger. muS! not alight from th. bu, ",hil. it is in motion. ( )
b Passengers must fint g. t off the bus wbile it i. moving. I )
2 a Let 's a before we get down to work. ( )
b Let', hay, ,"mcthing to cat befort we STalt work. ( )
3 a SITS has tho right to bring the agreement to an end with thn:>c months· noticc. ( )
b SFIS reserves the right'" terminate the ag,"cmmt with month,' notice. ( )
" a She thinks her boyfriend i, planning to pop the qu. stion tnnight. ( )
b She thinks her boyfriend is planning tn a,k her to marry hi m t ooight. ( )
r.5 Correct the four collocation error. in thi , paragraph.
Th< yollow-haired boy said h. had joined the English doss to got some new fri ends.
He also .,aid that hc wanted to learn about coHoea!io", hecau .. it would bo of big
' mportanc. in helping him to do fewer mistake, wh. n writing in English.
2
Strong, fixed and weak collocations
Strong (ollocations
A 'trong collocation is Olle in which th. words very closely associated with each other. For
exampl. , the almost always collocat", with circllmSl3nce. or faCIor,; it
collocates with an)' word. Although was roulld guilty, jury felt thaf were
mitigating circum.tanas. [factors or circumsunccs that lessen the blame]
Here some other example, of strong collocations.
-
-"--
coIIocalioo comment
lnde""",,nt "",ather ""U (.ory formal) _ _the,
oxpoctod. cal oc",,,,, .ImOst . xdu .... oIy w;u, w<Qlh<r.
-
SI" fw auburn halr. Atlbuin only colloc. «, with word, wim hoir (' -1- ,urI>.
" ..... ,!.:>:h).
I felt happy. _ ox,",m<>i y h"PP1
Stroogly osro<iatod with hoptr. Not u .. d with rbi, ' ''''''''''' Md, ott.
-
TO. chai'1"' r,,,,, adjourned tne
= h ...... pall'. "r rost dur"'&' ""''''ingltci<Il
meeting. Adioom j , ""'Y strontfy ... ooi.ted with meeti<1f.<><I rrlo/.
-
Fixed collocations
Fixed collocations are collocations s.o strong that th.y cannot b. in an)' For
example, yon I was walking to and fro (meanmg I walking in on. direction and
then in the oppo,ite direction, a repeated numkr of time, ). No other word,
to or fro or and in this co/location. It is complet. l), The meaning of somc fixed
cannOt be gues,ed from the individual word, . The, e collocations are called
",liorm; and are focused on in the book English Idioms in
C Weak collocations
a", mad. up of words that collocatc with a wide range of other word" For
cxample, you Can ,ay you are in broad agreement with ,on1.olle [generally in agreement ",ith
them]. How.""r, hroad call h<' used with a nllmh<'r of ath.r words - a broad av. nlle,
broad smile, broa<.l shoulders, a broad accent fa strong accent], a broad hint fa strong hint]
and ' 0 on. These are weak colJocation" in the .. n .. tiut broad collocate, with a broad rang.
of different nouns.
Strong collocations wcak collocations form a continuum, with stronger ones at one
end and weaker one, at the other. Most collocatious Ii . somewhere between the two. For
enmpl., tbe picturt<quf with village, location and town., and
' 0 appears near the middle of til. continuum.
'tranger -------------c:-----------+ weaker
weath«r picturesque village broad bint
location hroad accent
broad smile
Types of collocations in this book
The collocations ill tills bool: are all f .. qu. ntly used in mo<krn English. We used
of 10 check this. We have also , elected the collocations which will be useful
to yoo a, an advance<lleamer. We pay most anention to those that are not predictable. A
broad for .xampl. , would be pr.dicted by student wl>o knows broad and aVfnue,
However, the use of broad to mean strong a, in a broad accent i, more difficult to predict.
S Eng"" CoIoctJ6om in Us< Mronc. d
Exercises
2.1 Compkte the collocations using the words in the box. You will need to me some word.
more than once.
bro.d
1 a .... .... ...... .. ... .... ........... """cnt
m .. ......... agre<'ment
circumstances
2
3
4
5
6
.................................. factors
....... ...... hair
... ............. ...... ........... happy
7 a ..
S "
,
10 a ..
11
<mile
. ........ .. ............ location
.. ... .. a meeting
. .... town
.... .. a trial
12 ........ ......... .... weather
ind" ment mitigating
2.2 Rewrite each senlen", uling a 00l1OC3tion from 2.1.
1 Melissa has quite a strong Sconi,h accent.
2.3
II
2 Bad weather led to the cancellation of the Prelident', gar<kn party.
3 We were all very happy when we heard wc"d won the award.
4 Their new home was in a very pretty location.
S Ikcau<e there were circumstances that made the theft k« <eriou., the judge let bim off
with a wHning.
6 I think we should ,top the meeting now and continue it tomorrow.
7 She had a hig smile on ru,r face when <he arrived.
8 She ha, lovely reddish·brown haiL
9 T think we're ge""",lly in agreement a, to what should l ~ done.
Think of as mnny collocntionl as you can for each word. Then look in a dictionary for
other ,uitable words. Write W (weak) or S (strong) next 10 each group depending on how
many words yon found.
1 extremely
2 .......................................... ............. ............................... ....... ..... ... ......................... .... ............... an cffon
3 cancel.
4 dei i" er.
.. .................. , ................. ,,, ............... .... .................. ,, a living
2.4 How us eful do you think the oollocations you have worked on in 2.2 and 2.3 are for you
p"fSonally? Choose which collocations are most important 10 you personally and make
,entences with them.
Choos • • n you have wo rked
" ' ' ' ' ' ~ or fixedl
Grammatical categories of collocation
Verb + noun
. orb
00"' 1- "''''''pie meoninf or yerh
'" • list
!
Our I;owy<r drew up a contract for us to sign.
P'''P''''' . o,m"h;.,g,
• con""",
,
" >wIly offie,,-I, in wMti "l:
f'l 55 up
• ffiar.ce
I didn't ""nt '0 paso up the chance of .. "ing to take .d .... nt>ge of
an oppoct llllity Hong IConZ. '0 I ' Z"",d to to on thf, tlif'
I withst>,nd pre"",,, police officor', vut can with.tand th"
.. "
, tho imp"" impact of . bul let.
Noun + verb
"00"
••
exampie
opportunity arl •• M opportunity """.e fo.- to "..".-k in China. >0 I "",nt . r><! <p<>I1t • l""" """0.
, ,,,,,dard.< gip Pooplo leol . ducation,1 <tandar<ls .Iipped when tl>< w. f.,.nce ..
Noun + noun
• :-Jolin + noun collocations used to doscribe groups Q( sets:
11,0ro'., bccn a 'Pate of attacks/thefn in our ar"a recently. [unusually large numher
bappening in do,", sliccos.ion]
The ministe' had I" put up will, a balTIlgc of que,tions/insult, from the angry audience.
runusually large numo.r, happening at .<an", lim,,]
• NOlin + noun collocations used with uncr>uMable nOunS:
By a ,(roke of lock T found Ill)" kc)" • . in the mbbish bin! [sudden, uuex!'"C1ed piece of luck]
Sfl<: !la"c me a snippet of information which is (OP .secret. [small piece of infonn.tioni
Adjective + noun
Thi. is lIot an idle threat; T will the police if this hapr- no again! [simply a threat]
He in (he vain hope that the Minister would meet him. [unlikely to he fulfilled hopeI
There is mounting concern/critici,m/fury over the de.;jsion. [gcowing concern etc.]
The simplc!plain truth is that no one was aware of the probkm.
E Adverb + adjective
The article provides an intensely personal account of the wri ter's relationship with his . ons.
Joe'., ., ister was a stunningly attra..:tive woman.
Verb + adverb 01" prepositional phl"2lse
The teenager tried to persuade hi' mother that l>c was innocent bnt he failed miserably.
I don't like to travel wi lh my bWlhe, because he drives recklessly. [wildly, withr>ul ""re]
A, , oon a. Ihe 'inger on >!age .he burst into song.
If yrmr dog starl, In foam at the mouth, you should take il to the vel in:unedialdy.
More complex collocations
Mary was looking forward to retiring and taking i( ca,y for a while.
It's you pm the paS! hehind you and sl"rtcd focusmg on lhe future.
Exercises
3.1 Match a word &om each box to form collo,ations. Not all tho .oll""ati<:m, appcu on the
• opposite page, so us •• dictionary to help you if noces,ary.
1
,
3
4
A di •• ••
,t>ndtrd,
opportlJllity omoke
wind withrurKI
5
6
,
8
chatter flow"
.Iip .p .... d.
3.2 Complete ,.ntence using a cnllocation &om 3.1 in the form.
1 The scientific. . ..... human beings first emerged in Afrie".
2 The ...... waS ......................... ... all night and it was raining, so I couldn't sleep.
3 lbc m"ehine ha, to be made of materi"ls that can. .. a lnt of ..
"> Oh, no! The,,'s a fi ... Look at the ........ ....... .............. ............. .. ... .. .. ... from rhose building'.
S [t was so cold T couldn't ,top my .................... from ................ .
6 Our ,urvey shows that p.1fem, believe . . ........ . at the &<:hool.
7 You mu,l accompany Bob On Onc of hi, bu,ines, trip, to A,ia, if the ............................ ever
8 An alarming new.. . . ... .... ..... " . among '''nle in the south of the
coumry.
3,] Rewrite the \mdcrJincd part of each sentence using a collocation &om the oppo,ite. page.
1 I don't want to say no to [he cha""e nf meeting such a hmo"s person.
2 We'll have to write a contnon before you start work, as it's a new position.
3 You're working too hard. You should try to relax fur a short period n( tjme.
4 This new buliet-pInof car call ta.kl:: t be impact of a rodct"propcllcd grenade.
S Do )'OU have any interesting little bil& of information about our new boss 10 tell "'?
6 lbc Mini,ter faced a large number of questinn, from .. porters.
7 1 had = luck last weeL The poke found my stolen wallet and notbing was missing.
S lberes rn--cn " nllmber of viol eot attacks in the area receotly.
9 After her divorce Mandy wa, determined to the 1';lSt and build. new li fe .
3.4 Answer Ihese questions.
1 Jo you think is mo,t ,mnningly altractive person you have .. er ,.en?
1 'i'l:'hat . hould YOIl do if you are in a car witb ",meone who i. driving reckk,sly?
3 Do you prefer walking in the country if rhere i. a gentle breeze or a strong wind?
4 Would you write your mo,t intensely personal thoughtS and f .. ding.' in your di ary'
3.5 Choose the correct collocation.
1 He said he would throw us out, but it wa s just a(111 vain I I lazy threat.
2 1bey tM victim", hospi tal, in tile idle I I vain hope of so ving her life.
3 'I he government is encnuntcrmg mO""ting I climbing I ri5ing criticism of its policies.
4 lbcrc is rai5ing I mounting I vain concern aero.s the world ahout climate ,ha"ge.
5 The horse was fumin;; f fwming I fainting.t the mouth, so we e,lled the vet.
6 Suddenly, without w"ming, Marjorie bU5ted I bU5tled Ilmrs! imo song.
7 1be right !5traight I plain truth is that I hale my job.
S 1 tried to perSuade her hut I'm .f,.id I !ailed despl<1"atdy I miserably I whol'hearted/y.
4
A
Using your dictionary and other resources
Using dictionaries
GUO<! mod. m l. arMts'
inclu<k example which make
a poim of illustrating each word's
mo.t frequent collexati(}ns. Enormous
databasos "f languag", known a.
"'rpura, are used to analyse sp<:cch ami
text to identify which word, collocate
mosl h. qu"mly. Look up the wOld
abject r ,eh.d""kt,l a<!joc!iw FORIM' UTR'MEO 1
.... ror, etc. when someone b ext", ,,,,,iy
unhappy, poor, fri ght=ecl, live in abje<r POil -
ort:!. 0 Thi. p<>iicy has IUr"..a out to be Qn abject foi luco
NOT P!lOVOO 2 . howing no or rcsp<:Ct fur ywr-
. elf. an apology 0 He is a/mo.t abjoct in hi.
c""poct f"'" hi. 1>0." , .• abj ectly I' mh.d}Ckt.l ij ad ... rb
a!J;u t in [he Advanced Learn,,', Dhtiunary .nd you will find the entry above.
""-orice how fr"quem MC u",d in the example <. menees.
R. rnember dictionaries today ar. not only availahl e on paper; you also acc. ",
mem on CD-ROM and onlin • . "lbese can be particul arly helpful wh. n you a", exploring
collocation" a, they make it quick an.J . a,y to , earch for items jn different ways and to
jump from one entry to another. Onlin. dicIio naries give you easy acc. " to enormous
amount of information relating to meaning, wllocation and ' . gi,ter, for which there is nOt
enough ' pace in a hook. In whatever form, a dictionary i, an invaluable tool for d. v.ioping
yonr knowledgt of collocation.
Using other resources
Th. Imem. t . nabl. s yon to e"1'lorc collocations in Dlh. , ways IOO. A eng;"" Can be
very helpful. Although it i, almost irnpossibk In come up with a word combination that
a search cngin. will be unahle to find exa",ple, of, th. number of r. snlts can give you a
good idea of wheth .. a combination is a tru. collocation or nm. For example, compare tn..
results o. low for "abj. ct failuT. " and success" . (Yo" nc. d to use inv. rt. d comma,
SO that th. search cov. " only instances wheTe th. word, occur consecutively.)
Results 1-10 of abo!Jt 104 for "abject success' . (0.14 seconds)
Results 1-10 of abo!Jt 283,000 (1)1" "i bjecl failure". (0.D4 seconds)
To be sure that a word combination is a normal mllocation you would . xpect a , . arch
engine to find thousand, of instances of it.
Tt is oft. n usef,,1 to consult r------- ---- -----------,
a corpus to find out how < he " "" from " ,u. ,ion of .bjKtpovcny. iI .... ,><lieol ell. "
, tbeir effort. , [be pmj<cl ..,'"' <I" r"[ Ute. ",,,I .,[1 im'ol,,<>:1 wcre
wOru, arc commonly
ny yom loc P<>P"i"'ioo h..t ,"ffe,,,1 lerre< '" • " " ,it <>f toc polk'
l!S. d. H . re i, an exampk .,,, m".i<""Y of ' hi ' 'iny """ 'TIl,)" Ii", in abj ,,·t p<l\'Cn)'. dc<pi!< i .. ,""o""
of how" c'Orpu! pre, . nt. T , ondi'ion, eon be descri bed . hj<d on, ,,,,}'. '''''0 " .... n", ,,>Ie of
information,
lbe ,i re www.wdx ... p ... Il..!!k lets you use Ihe web as a corpus. It will , earch th. weh for
words of your choice and di,play samples of text containing those words. You can make
various choice. about how you wi,h the weh to he searched and oow you would iih the
information to he pr.,mted to you.
The with using Ihe web as a corpus i" of coucs. , that rhe Imerne< includes a
cermin an}()um of langu. "" that i, not accurate or , tandard. You may prefer to do a ,.arch
of the Rriti,h National Corpu. aI ... x.ac tlkwhichi.a r. al corpu., "" should
prnduce a more accurate result, Both th.,. ,ite, ,hould prove ""dul re<ouree.' if you want
to 00 your own in-depth of specific collocations.
4.1
!II
4.2
!II
4.3
Exercises
Usc your dininoary (book, CD-ROM or online vor,ion) to find three collocations for eacl,
of th ••• word •.
I cast (as verb with ba, ic meaning of throw),
2 application,
3 utter la" adjeotive)
4 ab, olutely .
5 rekase (as verbl_
Rewrite the underlined part of each , entence word in brackel •. Use a dictionary to
hdp YOl1,
1 His opponent made cri tical and hi, honesty. (ASJHSIOl<S)
2 puint you're making ;s quj!e unrelated to our topic. (REl fY",O'<U)
3 The .peaker p1)l j, ed con,,; bution to the pmjcct. ITRIWITJ
4 A, soon as she gOt home Kay sraw:d working. (sLTI
5 I lis rudeness Illlllk us all fall silent. (KENO.RED)
6 It j. uncertain how many workers will be affected by the change •. (rNDEl"EllMNATI)
7 The marketing campaign was k ller than we had expected. IfXCEEDEI})
8 I'm sHclulv unsure ahout the. e 11gu,.",. ('1TGG'.ll'Gj
Type these phra,. , into a . earch Ot>n't forget to nse inverted comma,. How many
result, do yOD gCI for each? What doe. Ihi, sugge't about whether the. e phra,e, are
collocaliom or not?
""" a cone. rt
c"t • pl1)'
""" • • mil.
4.4 Go to www.natcom.ox.ac.nk. Type in the word, below. Note the numbe, of limes the
words apj:>ear inlbe same collocation. ,IS in ,be SentenCe, in 4.2. Do Ihey often collocate
with any other words?
4.5
!II
"P'"'' 'O'''
niggling tribute
a j Answer the, e que'tions.
1 What field do yOIl work in, or plan to work in?
2 do YOll enjoy doing at the weekend?
3 What i., or wa., your . ubi""t at sdlool or college?
4 How did you ,pend your Ia,t holiday!
5 'i':'hat did you have to eat ye'terday?
6 wa, the book )'ou readl
hi Now u,e a diclionary 10 find dIre. collocations ,hat rdate to ea<:h of your an,weI> to 1-6.
Find the hy looking up kc}· word, , . Iating to your answer. For exampl e, if your
to question .1 wa, medicine, you could look up key word, suoh ill
and surgical to find such collocation, to p",cribe medication, terminally ill, a surgical
procedure.
cJ Now writC ex.mpk u,ing the collocati",,. }"OU have found.
Enrfi<h Collomtiom in th. Advoocod I 3
5 Finding and working on collocations in texts
Finding collocations
You your colloca' ion by training 10 collocation.
whenever you read. Note the collocations in the,e three example, of texts from different
source, - a newspap"r f, ature, a 111m review and for London touri,t •.
A, . newly qualified ",,,her . ( .' (ompr<h,'n, jve " hnnj in Wih,hi re, . "e,y dily]"" foc .. t il< ch. llonge
of g.in;ng lhe r<spe<l uf • <I", of I S-yo,,-okl> . .!<x, 26, . dmi" it i, " '''''gh ll'" [hink. h. i,
winning [he bOllle. Joe, "ho 'cache, English and media <ludie< .nd macho" Khooj [earn, ... ili
q .... lit. fully in the 01 hi' ie,son " ""me"" , Wi,h tbi. mil " ton< . nd
lbe inm"""d ".bility it will J(>c will turn hi. thouglm 'Q buyinS hi> fir>! hume,
* * * The Interpreter
no.. tift ... ""a .. """"' 0...,. ....
10 II", UN. I. ... _ .. IW'> ..... dIIfcz "sr..
;, if> , .....
m. nn., ...... i. t od ",itt> tr ... d""" fi!lMo", S', "- i.
(Nicolo Kidma n) romain, onigm • . Whon Tobin
Keller (Sean 10 inv"tig.te r..r, he i,
hard (0 fix or plac<
2 major hf. event behmd h,m
.. IHMftA""";'"
,_ ..... _ . Sho 1iocI1IIDrwi:. ... 1I01oIoIt • .,
• ....... 'O\;IrIo _ -,<, .. , 1Ia,;
pro.iding ... V ..... ,.tion I", 001<911<1 ,
>he h .. . n odd which, Hlo ovorything 01,.
01>0<;1 her,;, difficult to pin down'
---------
."

---- --- -
----- - _._-
En .. rtaln;nll T. london
Co."", bu ... ,.. W>d juuI"" p"",'d. M_""" _ntortalnmont In • OI,-!rOO <e"inb on<! yoo", '''''r> i<><
the chan"" of bcin& f>k!ck,d fcom "" <rowd to l>e lp 00' • trick. Don', .r1de' .. tim .... the va"'. oll<>ndon',
pubic ''''''''f>Ot1'' •• ou,"" ollu. , . ither. The /I" _ck.drom for ",.t:WKO, "' .. ",",dl. )'QU pm
,00 f-\oo"" of T"\alll,, 4J>'" and , .. 5tro.nd 00 ito way to It 1'0."'" C .. l>oodrol k>r. mod .. , '''''' Tho
"",,,rl ... DocU. "", UrI>< """thor iU",,,,,,.d .ou",. "hmu,..,.,.,. nt - •• at' . t th. 1,-,;.", of t ho
<nOn W>d prelend 10 b< , he drMr, thon taI< • • ""at b,d, '" 'he <0'"'' of town 1.-"", Go-• • ."."h.
, take a ,cat
Remem),.,r you will also hear in conversati(}[t s, lecturcs, songs and films.
Try [0 g., into ,h. habit of r. cording any imer.,ring cnllocations thaI you nOlice.
Recording collocations
When working on collocations m a tcxt, usc your dictionary to find ",me "lacing to on.
or both puts of th. nriginal collocation. You can record strong effectively in
collocation fork"
. I /translarion
SlffiU tan. ouS"cquation
/th. OUlcom.
pending "the r.,ulrs
rh. re'ponse
and w.ak on., in collocarion hubbl., th.u aro so many more of them):

,.-.omethirtg'"
I" E"l:'Ji,h CoIocations in Us. Advoncal
of fund ing
v"lu"l>Ie __
af
Exercises
5.1 Complcte .ad, " ... wnce using collocation from A.
5.2
!II
5.3
!II
5.4
5.5
!II
1 Tania has always bad a , ,. ,", ., .. ,,' so I'm not surprised
,he wants to study Chin..se at uniyersity.
2 At high tid. th. ,ea covors the ,he only way to get to the island is to
3 It., very cfllwd"d in this cofe. Yon
our drink..
4 Once my exams ate oyer l"ll,
holiday.
5 Far more people th. s. days manage to.
against canc.r.
and I"ll g.t
, planning a
6 Most politicia", say they enter politics because they want to . . .... .. ,,''''''''''' ' " .... ,
7 Try not to. .. ............................... " ..... ,,'" having good f6. nd,. UI,illlilteiy,
friendship i, far more importlnt than work.
S He's gOt th" joh _ .. ........................ ........ a .ncce"iul. . ............ in his driyin!;
l.'ltomorrow,
9 Althongh they lack experience" ." ....... "".,, ' doctors are
often v.ry and passionate aoom their work.
Compktc the The first leners are gin n to help you. Use n if
Wf ___
top ___ a
ad_____ allen e
IOr ___ to:'
_____ _
Check these expressions (3) in 3 good di<.'tionnry lnd (h) ming a , earch engin... Which two
arc rollocation$ and which two are not:
1 learn by held 21eam by ncart 3 10'. a chanc. 4 miss a chance
Answer these qnestions,
1 thr.e milestones in your life that yon have passed,
2 Are you llready fully qualifed? If $0, as what? If not, when will yon be?
3 What are ' otne typical SOnIce, of iocome?
4 i$ the tougheSt cllallenge you hay" ever faced?
5 What qualities wOllld be needed by someone providing simultaneous translation?
6 What are some examples of things that havo sentimental for you?
Here i. une student's plan for work on collocation •. Compl ete the gap', using n Ji<;tionnry if
n..ce.sary. Then tick the ideas you con usc youT,elf.
• (1;,
• «" ''''' ' " .... ,O/J d """''''''')" to of"", otlwr ""100.',,.,., 10, "o,d. ""' " i ""t U>
• Wei" Joo...., .. tOr"" c()ilor ... <loco fur 0"":' """ I ""nt '" .... ,,"""'"'''''' co """""')"
• Look bad ,,.,,, old hotr""'''''' U> "'" ...r."" I ""'" , . " ... ""''''M ",to "',.
(5l , ..... ",l' ",,$, k> (r;) .. . ............ ,-., in /ut.uro,
(7) .......... f'*1t eli """'l O&1.x.o',""" I :"vo '" "'"it, '" " [n,,":"
re,,", wJ to '"" "" 0«",,,,,, til .. , .... ""f""'" "" to Mtut'O> """"",',,,,,,"
E,·"", ....", """'" '"" cclloc,,"'''' I ''''Yo (:!) .. , .... , ",,\.0 of in m:i voc.>cJ .... ' "k.
6
Register
What is registel"?
Our us. of language chang .. to the situation that we are in. If yom clog" f,iend
ho,rs a party, you could say, 'Thank, for the party. It was a blast.'{very informal) ]-Jowev.r,
jf your boss was the ho,t, you would probably say, for the party. I really enjoyed
it.' (nwtra]) In this exampl e, neUlnll and informal are both examples of ugi'ter.
The ,"gi,ter of most language is neutral IiI can I", used in any situation). However, regi\ttcr
can also be formal, informal, characteristic of cenai" professional field (e.g. legal,
journalistic or media) or . pecific to official nOli"", and form"
choice of regi,t"r deprnd, on what wo are talking about (business, the ne" .. " the
neighbours), who we au talking to (frienJ" manger" figures of authority) and how we
are ",Iking to them (in a letter, in an email, ill public, in Study ,he Ixlow and
noticc how Jifferent wotds and ph,""se, are used to describe tk same . iwalioll.
example
",.,;st"r comment
-
The a", inve,tigating' n.utral Either ,.","", would not ""em out of pla«
looking int<> the um,
in "roy spo •• n or written
The cOP' ore tryin! to dig out io!Orm,1 Phrosal .. rb. ar. often .n inform.1
info the ortn. d .. 1 . I", roao,. - sc,n,. .... ""u':r.t.
- - ---
pol;: • ...., an
_.,
longer word, of l>tin or Gre.k origin oIt. n
into tho arm, de.l ;ooie,,,, more iorm.II""lUo.g • .
-- -
Police to probe >rms deal n. utr>. l. ;OOrn.listic Probe is typiGlI of new'POI"" I><,dli"" nyle.
TI>< arm. de.1 may be sublect to form.t. leg.t . nd Subject to '""""tigoli<n i. '}"pie. 1 of.
01/"><1.1 oore. ucratic or legal ''}"te.
.. - .
---- -
lie not to think of as written and informal language as spoken.
There is lot of For CMmple, markedly is most typical of offici al
or writing and officiall "gal or bureaucr:otic ,,,eech. is t)·pica! of
and 'Orne journalism.
Formal versus neutral collm;ations
.. _,
--
fOrmal (from ollie,,1 documen"l neutrol (Spol<OI1)
Students I'I\USt submIt their assignment>; by I May . 'You h""" to hand in Y""'" assignments by 1 Mil)':
- . . "
Stud.n" may reque.t an extension .ft.r ·You ClIO a.k foe an extension . lter
con,ultinr; theie tutor. ull<o! d to I had a word wIth your tutrr:
Informal versus neutral collocations
That film totally aweSQme! (mainly used by leenag"fS, pf"dominantly US) [neutral
equivaknt: absolutely amazing/fantastic]
That party was well good! (Well used to 'very'l'reaUy', mainly by young"f speakers.)
I havon't a clue I the foggiest idea what you mean. [neutral equivalent: I have no ideol
\Ve can grab a snack the me"ting if you'r. hungry. equiHknt: have a
B M>ke. note in your no<ebook;(, cDloao,iorl i • .... 'Y Ior",,1 or inf",rmI in
Exercises
6. 1 Write F (formal), I (informal) Or N (neutnll) in the brackets at 1M end of each ,entenee.
Underline the collocalion, which indicale Ihe regi,ter. Then rewrite the formal and informal
,eotences to make them neutral.
Example: Do not alight from tM bus until it stop, . (f) Do nol gel off bu. until it stops.
1 I feel dead tired all the I )
2 We were all boced stupid by the poetry reading. ( )
3 Cur",ncy exchange offices are located in the arrivals lounge. (
4 She conducted a study of single-parent family unil' . ( )
S She did her degree in London and found work there in 2001. ( )
6 I just gOt the software so my computer i< bang np-to-date. (
7 Affix a passport·,ize photograph to the form. I )
8 Jake asked his tutor for an extemion to complete hi' dissertation. ( )
6.2 Match Ihe "'ginning of each <enlence with il1 ending. Then label each sentence with tbe
appropriate register from the list below. Underline the collocations which indicate the register.
Reginer.: informal conver<ation (IC! jOllrnali,m/""ws Ul entertainment IE)
IT) legal (L) notice, IN)
1 This is breaking
2 These are the songs that are climbing
3 There are tons of good reuons
4 Visitors must keep to the designated
5 In any such case, custome" ,hall forfeit
6 Fnd consumption
7 I'll give you
8 The Minister will tour Asia in a bid
9 Joss &gold SUrs in the Imest
10 A microchip is a miniarnrised
11 Please restrict your use
12 A witness may be asked to
a ring after dinner.
according to model road conditions.
blockbu,ter from Star Studios.
news here on Global TV Extr a.
electronic circuit.
of the fitness machines to 20 minutes.
to win support for the plan.
the charts thi, week.
for not studying law.
testify for a second time.
areas at aU times.
the right to compensation.
6.3 Complete this conver.alion between a doctor and a patient, u,ing tM verb, in the box in
the appropriate form. The language quite infonnal, wilham technical medical terms •
6.4
II

••
.'
write
Doctor: What c"n I (1). . . .. .. for you, Mr Wil,onl
Patient: Well, DOI.'tor:, I've been (2). . .. temperature for the couple of days
and I' ve (3) ................... out in a rash on my ne<:k. Do you ' ''''? These red spots here.
Doctor: Hmm. Let's (4) .... .... a look.
Patient: It', v-.y and I have trouble (.1) ...... .... ... ....... .. off to 'leep at night. Then J
(6) .. down ,,11 d"y "nd can't concentr" te on my work.
Doctor: Right. I don't think it', anything srriou,. I'll (7) .. . .. ... yOll Out a prescription
for lotion which should help to (8) . . ... .. ...... .. up the ra, h.
T..(J(lk at how the doctor descrihe, th. case in hi , records using more lechnicallanguage.
Chou,e the corre<: t word from Ihe choice provided. Use a dictionary to help if necessary.
A pari.nt (1) presented I repre,ented thi' morning with an (2) elevating I elevated
He was al , o (3) txposing I a neck rash. He further
(4) complained I grumbled of an (5) ;nability I ;mp0s.<;bility to concentcate.
Eng"" Coi1aco!ions in Us. A""""".d 17
Metaphor
we metaphorically, words in a non-hteTa\ sense. For example, when we
,"ya writer ca,(.];ght on a situation, we ITJCan that the writer hd ps us understand it more
clearly, in the same way that putting a light on ;n a dark room hel p, us set: more
based on the body
co/iocati;>n

me<ming
laoe (up to) <11 . nO(! You ',..".,... , 1011>1 t o run in tho Olympic, . It', t ime ""'lit}'
you r"".,d (up to) the fact.,
should. , the bI""", Alt houZh o,h • ., Wo.o . 1' 0 ... ,ponsiblo lor t no
u k< ""'JK"lsibilitr for
probIom, Sue d. d d<d to .houldec the blam". >OmOtl1inl: b.d
--
foot to. bil l 0100 •• who< you from til . rT>< nIJ - t ho
P' )'ini
company is footin, the bill.
-
leorn
)0 head. a t eam worlci "i on erim. p,..v<r>tiof\. le>d •• proj e"' i roup
", mom .. on H .... .,' t hree . on. " odor the .go 0( fi • • kee p. ' ''y 1C_ aod
their tc>,,, pm on
c""". n<r.o' eO

h'\Ie on eye for Girl> has an ere for ask o. r to <hock ;, f ood at notlc",\,:
the r. ,..,..t.
go h. nd ;" h.., d with hand in hand wIth , 06, 1 happen. at til< .. tin-..
LIIlr •• t. or . , ' re, ult 0(
Met1lphors ba!5ed on weight
Hea vy Can b. us. d to mean serious or difficult, 2S in Mavy r.sponsihility. A be2vy burden
can b. . ither som.rhing heavy to c2rry or a difficnlt responsibility to d. al with, while a
h. avy bOGk can be eithcr one that w. igh, a lot or "ne with difficult content. A weigbty tome, however,
would only b. used to a book with difficult
cont. nt, Similarly in weighty matlo" or w. ighty . I
problems, means difficult and serious,
Light, th. opposite of Can also be used metaphorically to moan carofr. e or lacking
in seriou,nc,"_ S" light [. ading i, reading that is not .." iou, . If you do something
with a light heart, f.e! carefree 2nd h2ppy.
If , omeone ha, 2 slim chance of doing .amething, there is a chance, bur it is , mall. Fat
chan" (very informal) m. ans almost no chana .
Metaphors based on movement
Jam. s did a lot of parrying in his final yoar and ran into difficulties
with his coms • . His father was hopping mad
1
wh. n hc only lnst
managed to get his deg'''. Howcver, whon he left nniver,ity ho
walkcd straight into a rob! in an . xce!knt company. Some people
rump. d to the condusion th2t this w2s he'd ' tarred going
out with the Managing Director's dau¥htn His mother worried
t hat, if their ro!ationship bit the rocks' , h. run into trouble at work too.
I (informal) . "t .. mdy angry
, got a job very ea,ily
'ended (metapho' ba",d 011 . bo.t br ing dostfOyrd on rocks)
Exercises
7. 1 Rewrite tbe und<erl inro of cad.. ,. emre« ulm, 3. mrupho< from A.
1 The pre.id,,, ,i,, llIi , ;! ml:ant no om h. d rjme [Q relax-
2 Ro><:m mcl. ill)) IcsP90l jbjJjrv for failut r of the project_
J I don', think Grell: will <vc, win Roo;. '!. heart; it's time he UC'CIl!Cd Ih;!.
4 Tl.., co,npa"y done so wdl tha t year Ihal iT al.l, eed (() fOI a Sljff oi,ht Cll,t.
S I'm gIod r m DOl jn ChilO:' of .hi. ream,
6 CaIOla is yery 800d al 6ndiog a ba'gain,
7 .1 AMWCr t hese quQoCi ..... , a boUT The mela phors on P"be.
1 What WiuaUy sne.o ha" d In hond with inllulon, inc"""", or ' n 1i3villCl'?
2 If a relauonsh,p hill Ih. roek., i. it the end oc tbe OCg;nlliog of Tha t realinnship?
) If you ' lO y ,hat .omenne i, hopping mad, !Io )'Oll mean that tl..,y ate gr>l,.j ot or
that they are lIery Ull gry:
4 If y'''' n1l1 intO or trOllhl " thot that they quk ldyl
5 Wonld )"ou be more lihly to ".11 . magazine p\\bli<; hing ",n<-<ip ceLebrit i .. light
reading or a weighty lome?
Ii 1f you taR :ooom facing tll< bcts, more likely 10 he 0' unplt:a .... OI:
7 .1 .. tlte dirl .. in .....,. .. ing I:QWCtn "'" wnl<:llC .. in <::><h
Ia Jill walked IntO a ",dl-['diJ job in Ihe O(}·. 1h J,II gut a job'n It.. City.
2a is he. dins . be p<oj.et 2b Pal il backing the project tco. m.
n .d jumped. ro ,he wrong conclu, ;oo. 31. Oad to Ihe concl u,ion.
4a Rod H I thl: rOOn) with a light beart. 4b Roc! left the rOOm with a heallY heart.
Sa chance l'lIe gO! of winning! 5b I' ve ",01 $[; '" of winning.
7.4 Choose the <Or .. " collool.l;"n.
1 Kiera,,'s whiStling is riding I fI.ltfflfl l Jrivi"8 Inc u ny.
2. Sylvia i. a fil'l>t-<I.us desigtl<. a. :\h. h"" good ryt: 1...".../ bmW 1M
3 Yon mu"",'t shoulder Ihe h"",-y urrighl l burden I /ifSk of n::<kr;oo- al;ng Ihe hom" 311 by
j'Ouro<:lf.
4 Tn",. ;, ill" a am. I slrm I skb",y cnance Ih" might POP in
S The commince hI> ,ome fat I I btallY tIIatt.r< to discu .. on loday'i agenda.
Ii When ,he , olult. came out, Marm thri lled to Ste his name f<J<,ring I (acing I bead;ng
the li sr of luecesliul .. , .
7_5 Expl ain what , he <>n wo, d, i. hued On in .""h <of m= headlinel.
Mn1UTI. RUNS INTOTROU8lE
1 .--.
3 NEW DlREl--r'OK KElPS
DAtI .n ONn'S
•• •
s
a
You .-, find it u ..... to d .... little ift ,.." _ailubry nooO>bool. - or lmacroo "' .... in your
mind - '0 tw., ....... coIbt.""",,-
8 Intensifying and softening adverbs
Adverbs a re often " .. d bd orc adjectives and verbs either to strengthen tilCir meani1lg
{intcn.ifying or to Wl<ahn it (softening adv",b. ).
Her comrn..nts were deeply offen";v • . (intemifier -
Her comment:> were ,Iighdy olfen,iv". (", Ittner - a little bit)
Intensifying adverbs
how intensifying adverbs are used to ll",an ' extremd y' or ' oompletdy' in the
sente nce, 1""low. The expressions m.,hd wi th ' a rC very informa l.
Jane [call)' enjoy, doing hOllsework. You ,hould see her llat - it', always 'potlc;'Siy clean.
It wa, downright rll<k of Antonio to teli that .he inohd older than h .. own mnth ... I
flop<; he fed, th(){oughly ashamed.
It's blatantly obvious that Olga i, only intere<ted in Richard becan •• he'., 'tinking rich' .
I wonder whal she'll do when , he find, Out he's wildly how rich he reaUy is!
I don't know what I was worryin!; about! Th. exam IUrn. d oUlto b. dead easy" !
Thi, celebrity w. b,it" i< gond hll\ bUl most nf lh" infnrmatinn is wildly inaccurate.
Softening adverbs
Note the ,oftening adv. rb. used in th. s. , . nt. no., from n='pap<l>.
The spoke, p<fSOIl said tho n. w insurance sch. n", wa, only ,lightly different from th. old
nn". lw"ak slightly can ),., us ed wi th " wide r2nse nf adj "ctiyesj
The Chief said h. was mildly ,nrpri, . d by 1M pnblic intor. st in the fi,m's pIon, .
[mildl)' also colloc2t"< wilh amusing/ed, irrilaling/ed, offensive]
Alfredo S..,. lu",;', new fi lm i, loosely ba,"d on a nineteenth century noveL [loosely also
collocate, with emtred, str"ctured, related, cormectedj
Ms Gima said ,h. regankd reports that <he wa< abnut 10 , e" k a divorce as faintly
ridiclIloll'. [fairly formal; faint ly also collocates with amused, patron;. ;");, absurd]
Alternatives to very
1h. r" ar" a vari"ty of wnrd, lhat ym\ can use a, alt"rnati,,"< to vcry which collocat. with
most adjectives, for example: really, terribly, inrndibly and awfully. Other
adv. rt.. ooUocat. with c. rtain adjective, and verbs but not with other, .
altemativr. to ""'Y
,
-
NOT

""
; unli",ly. edU<:.1o" d. r. commerded
"i", •. " , ."""tiRE
.oro,.'
irltiu<=
--
....
' PI"l' c;'to, inRuonce
uttorly . b<ur-d. ridiculow
-
comple .. ... ly dilf. r. nt, d. p. ndent, .epm".
- -
.
- - --- - --- - -
toot"O"I hly
0""
AbooMcIy 0I"Iiy 00110< .... wi<h . djtct, .. , wIl i<h h..,.. ,,'"Onl "'''oinl$, e.I _ ... ly (NOT
""7) --1 (NOT .t=Iutoly) hPP"f.
Exercises
8.1 Match a word iTom eaeh box to form collocations.
blaun,ly downri!h, 'pot" ,,!)'
"inking t/l(}rooghiy wild!)'
.,h><ned do.., inaccur.l'"
obviou' rich cudo
8.2 C()mpieu each sentencc using a collocation from 8.1.
1 Ho's just bollght a 200,000 dollar yach' - he mu" n. _
2 I'm amazed you didn', realise she was lying! It waS_ ""'"'''''''''''''''''''' to m. !
3 It _ _." .. '" '''' .,,'''''' "'" " ... '" , , . of him not to say hello to th. , ecretary.
4 I've n.en hoovering and du,ti ng all day, so IlOwmy flat is .. " .. ,,,,, ,,, ,,,,,, ,,,,,,, , '" ''' ' '' """"'''''' '',.
5 Most of th. facts were wrong in that n. "" report. It was_
6 You should b. ______ ____ ___ __ __ of yoursel f. Your b.haviour was appalling!
8.3 Rewrite the underlined paTt of each scnt . nc. using a coll<lCation from tn. opp<lsile page.
1 The American writer Mark Twain is famous for commenting that rep<lrl, of his death
had been over· exaggerated.
2 Thi s restaurant is recommended by many different people.
3 Th. exam was extremely ea'y; everyone got high marks. (mah this Lnformal)
4 Th. musical West Side Story is bind of based on the plot of Shak",!"'are's play Romeo
and Juliet. (mah thi. Jess informal)
5 Th. idea of the ho" singing Happy Birthday to me struck me a. a littlc bit ridicuioll'.
6 "Ihe ' "CceSS of the Wimbledon tennis tournam. m is 100% depend. nt on the weather.
(g\VC two all5wors)
7 I , . ally w ioyed the days I spent at your lovely housc in tho country.
8 I was just Q littk ,u[Jl[jscd by hor decision to ql1it her job so soon.
9 I wa, really delighted when they told me I'd got the job.
to 'The new model of camera is a little bjt diffe rent from the old one.
8.4 Add intensifying adverbs from the oppo,ite pag. to the, e s. mence, to make th. words in
bold stronger.
1 I appr . ci ate the fact ,hat you have given mc so much of your time.
2 Someti"",! Tony say' ridiculous thing'.
3 Th. crossword in today's newspaper i< difficult. I can't CvCn start it!
4 It', 'W""'t 01 you to offer to help.
S I found his remarks offensive; he should apologi ...
6 She k ads 3 lonely life in a tiny house on a remotc island.
7 We should try to keep the two group' , eparate from "," ch other.
8 She is an . ducated P"fson.
9 I've be", busy all weck.
10 That m. al wa, expensive! I'm rIO' eating therc again.
8.5 Ar. the adverb collocations correct OT wt? If they are incorrect, correet them using
collocations from C 0pp<lsite.
1 I tborOllghly . njoy. d th. film.
2 Your help would be strongly appreciated.
3 Thc song i. highly influ. need by Brazilian folk rhythms.
4 I find the simation utterly ab.urd.
l ",,* O<Jt 10" mor-< «,lIoc. tio"" with .. wo<d,., )'O'Ili " .n , 0<1 , .. d. ", d in
<olQnoon b<.tII>ln iodiaoti rc v.n.t tIwy d .... 0<1 do not <011o" .. ....-ith.
9 Make and verbs that mean make
Common errors with make
The Cambridge L,arner Corpu. show_, th,t OOmC of the must collocation "rrms
made by candidate. in Engli,h exam, relate to the use of make. Here are <on"l<
typical and th.ir corrections.
I would jike w <k>Igin . ome ,uggestion< - make
I think that 1 could a contriburion to the proj ect -make a contribution
1 . >:peel you to gi¥e a formal apology -make a fomlal apology
is ,till some way to go and 101, of ,rnprovcm.nts to 00 _ improvement' to make
Thank you ¥CTy much for 00iag these arrangement. - maki"g
Sometimes candidates me make wh,,, another verb i, requited. For example:
V;'e're goilll\ to mal . a for,,- On Saturday - haye a party
Lana geFFl " ;More,Bag , """arch into her iamily IOOl< - did .. ,
Other expressions with make
It', a good id. a to mak. a habit of ,witching off the lights wh. n you lea ... a room.
If you say exactly whal you think, you'll make a lot of .nerni ...
The tc"m made s . ... ral att.mpt< to climb th. mountain b-cfore they fin"lly suc= ded.
I that th.y'll mak. a weeess of their new restaurant business.
I have to go to a party for a colleague after work but I will try alld male an cady escape.
Our res. arch team ha, mad. an inlportant aoont how cOllllllunicate.
\'\'hen doing your acc'Ount" try to ensure you mak. all the calcuJation, correctly.
If we move lh. sofa closer to the window, it'll make room for the pi"no.
I first made hi, a"'luailltaTlco when he moved in next door. [formal: gOlto know him]
"fhe we Jooh<l at is just what we want and we' .. e decided to mal. all offer on it.
A, \10 on. else has any idea" I'd lil. to malo a [make a formal sugg. stion]
W. must mal. a 'land the casino th. y propos. to build here. [protest ahout]
Other verbs that mean make
I co/Jocmkln exampl. camment
I oruto . good/bod W.,. your t "'y ,LJi< to tho ;nwrlliow if you .Iightly moro /ormal thon maluo
! impre»ion W.nt to creat. a good imp,..,,';on. an .. ion
.._.
I ""'" • • (+ . dj.) Tho lantorn. In tho gordon create a romantic mo", formal tn,n maluo for a
I
atmospne..., romantic atmosphe,..,
mge a prot." Tho "oo.r><s sUged a prote. t . t'inst 'iOOt
""'ke a form>l f>I"OU"
tuition f •••.
--
,
loot" a complaint poop!< have lodged a c;omplaint • make a formal compl.int
, >boot tho b.t>!< ",on'gor' rud.""".
,u,do"p' me,1 It took Sam ton miou"', to .""tl. up a meal. (informol) - ",ok • • ""' .. very
qLlkkl)'
-
,un up curtoi", Thi. _<rkond I'm going to ..... n up som.
- qLlicld:f "'irli' .. wint
curtain. foe my now room. m,d>ine
rum in a This morAA ()U(" mmp.fl)' <hould turn in a oIii\>tl:f more infoemal "',n
profit for toe time. maluo a profit
ooin . phn.,e I wood., wOO coin..:! the term 'bIoWng·. = invent I make "" a new phn.,.
-- -
Exercises
9. I Are c",ucl or incorrecl? If Ihey are incorree!. correct Ihem.
1 Have you ""y suggestions to make about now to cekbrate the school's anniversary?
2 We are planning to have a party next Saturday.
3 The comrany dir<cctor gave a formal apology for his earli" comments.
4 The manager had to make a number of changes to pro«durcs in. order to do all the
improvem..nts he had planMd for tbe company .
.5 My siSler did all Ihe arrangements fOT the party.
9.2 Compktc sentence using a word from the box.
atte mp' calcLJlaoom

h.bit offer room
1 Try to make a _ _ _______ of noticing good collocations in any text you read.
2 A railway official asked us to move our luggage to make , "for the
boy\ hike.
3 The new CEO ha, made a lot of.. ___ ". by being SO
4 If Pauline makes a _ .. , .... _________ __ _____ __ of this proj ect, she'll probably get promoted.
5 The old f\"ntleman said he was ddight<:d to make my _______________ ______ _ .
6 Do you think you'll make an ... on the flat you viewed yesterday?
7 Every young dr<cams of making a _ .... that will chauge the world.
S Rachel made nO ____________________________ to contact.-.-.., when she waS over h<cre Ia,t year.
9 We tried to make a,.,.. """ ..... "., ... , ... agaiust the new housiug development but to no
avail: tI", contr:oclors 'tarted work this morning.
10 Th.:: __________ " ............... that you made eontaiued a few
9.3 make in earn sentence with an alternative word. 11'eJI soy whether you hay. made
Ihe , entence more or less formal.
1 The Grttn Partr plans to m.ke a major prot<.'St against thc gme,nmcnt's new rolicy.
2 Tessa help"d m. to make , orne lovd y cushion covers for my new flat.
3 I reg"t to inform you that sev. ral c!;"nt< have made complaint, "bout your conduct.
4 You won't ma ke a good first impression if you arrive late for your interview.
S It won't take me long to make a the children.
6 Do you npcct your busirn.'Ss to make a rrofit this yeart
9.4 Rewrite each sentence using the word in bradet,.
1 At the meeting the proposed something mth" interesting. IpRoPOS.-\L)
2 I hOP" w. aon kave soon as I'm "'''iNy tired. If'''Arf)
3 I'm reading a fas<:inating book abont the invention of new words and phra, es to express
MW ,ocial and needs. (C'OlNw)
4 We ti,e layout of the hall to make it more relaxed for the yoga dass. (ATMOSPHERE)
5 I tried to phone the company at weuend. (ATTfM<'T\ )
6 Kim contributed very positively to the (oomruwnoK)
7 The service was poor but I wouldn' t go so far as to formally complain. (Wl>GE)
8 lli rst got talking to Roger On a train.
Mab. poiat of bKk .ny piece. ofro...- wrking tr.. •• t ooo"","'" co.-' octed.
H..e you .... r """de any mi.uloe. invol'o'in!: collocotiom with """,> If "', make etrort.o
un corrocdy in)'OOo"
Communicating
Collocations with say, speak, talk and tel'
I wouldn't ,ay no 10 a nice cup oflca. [inf(}fmai: I'd really like]
N""dl .!, 10 I II gues without .aying thai th<: workers yotod in fa vour of the wab'l: increa, •.
J"na didn't ,ay a word wMnl told her T w", !c..ing.
Generally 'p"aking, people "Wue of the environmental consequences of their action •.
SlfiC\ly speaking, a tomato i, a fruit and not a v"g.,abk occause it coma in,
alway, 'p"ak. "ery highly of ),0", I, ay, goud thingo; about you]
Charlie, , top mumbling am! ,peak properly. 1 can't understand a word you're ,aying.
IgeoeraU,. used by parent' or teachers 10 children, not t.. rween adults)
Now we've got to know other, I think it', lime we talked
hu,incss,
At first, Andrew app"ar< to be talking nomen •• but
altot a whIle YOIl realise he', actually talking a lot of",,,,,,
I'll tdl you a ,ecret but plea,. don't tell anyone cise_
The otd woman looked al Glen', palm and began to
tell hi, fortune. [predict hi, fmure life]
Collocations meaning communicate
-"
I ",..,d why . n. didn't trUst him but .he wouldn't give me " ",uon.
n.. ch>.rity otau,. iB aim ., b.oinz 10 nelp undorprMleged
chll dr. n.
11>< , .. If on r. ceptiol1 r.qulrod oo<h visitor to ot.te Iileir bu.;"" ..
bmr. is'""'1: '''''m with.n entry pormit.
'" ho r I. ",,,,. LLKi>. cave an account of her trip to the ,0.,00.0 ••
Til< op<e<h Iilot tho m., .. a2e .bout th< polky clwl£e. .. _
I decla,.., Him.hi Y.rn,,,,,o'" the winne r of tI,. gold med>.1.
- .
H< was pron"unced dead at 1.10.
Tho old man tried to impart knowl edgo> to hi, '''' ''.
Tila, journal; .. t'" >m:I.zirlg. 'rorie' but I'M won't divulge hi.
'OUI"CM_
.
-
The Intern« i<" of di«@minatin2informatlon.
notifi ed the police oltho .
..
--
Alt:hou&h found zuiI<y, Rob,on ronlinuod to prote.t hi. innocence.
He professed of tho don' to "'" cor but I think h<o w ..
'''"'
Did you b",ak to ho r th" h. r mother I. in pri.on1
comment
NOT "'l' a "",.on
0150 state rouc
purpo·.,'2oal
(formal)."1 wh •• , hoi,
intention, ....,
used 1Ibout both .peed> aod wliling
(informal) = con ... yed t he ido,
(formal) ,Ute"", n' mad< ot the
tim. ohio. win
(f""",,l) u,ed whon m,lOOt .n
official ,totemen< of d •• m
(/<>rm>l) - ,,,n,fer
'''0 impart wi,dam
(Ionml) - mal« ''''''''thin! .. or."
known; "ko divulil" "- _ret
(formal) - """,ding inbrmatiorl
to • lot 01 pooploo
(formal) ollkiolly infotmed
(k>rmal) - insi>! he was not
(k:>o-!-MI) = claimed - perl>ap<
irWn<;en,1y - thot he did not krow
used lor n ....... that ""'1
up.otti",
Exercises
10. [ Complete each , . men, e with the appropriate form of say, speak, talk or tell.
1 Strictly . , you shouldn't be here.
2 lip __ ,_ .. _ ... me a , ,,,,ret and made me promise not to pa<s it 00 to else.
3 11 goes without .... .... ............... that we'll invite you to OUt wedding.
+ 1 ' pend most day< with my three-ycu-old ,on, so forgiye me if I 'tart _
nonsense.
5 The teacher< always" __ ______ _____ highly of my son', abilities,
6 1 had my fortune __ __ " ........ .... " at the fair yesterday.
7 It's SO hOI. I wouldn' t _.1\0 to an ice cream, would you?
8 Shall we lunch first and theo , it down to, . _____ ____ _
9 I thinl:. that, " .. ....... , it's better to use publ ic transport drive yourself,
10.2 Rewrite the underlined pan of ead, ,entence to make it more formal.
[ 0.3
1004
!II
10.5
!II
1 The yictim was asked why he had not tllW the police ,noner ahout the mugging,
2 The older ha, always attempted to pass jts wisdom on to young people.
3 Stockmao has alway, insisted that he is innocent.
4 Robert claimed that be knew nothinr of the damage to the car.
S The reporter had no option but to explajn whea: he had got his information from.
6 The doctors sajd he was <lead when tbey arrived at the scene of the acci<lent.
7 The judges said that Maid" KArlson had won the competition.
8 The charity does a great <leal to inform people its activities.
Are the,e ,entences correct or incorrectl If they incorrect, correct them.
1 Do you think I to giye the message across in my <pe, ch?
2 Necdkss to say, he didn' t tell a word to his parents about what
3 You can't chew gum and say properly at the , arne time.
4 He refused to say his reason, for turning down our invitation.
5 She waS de.-astated when we dropped the news to her.
6 1n your report we would like you to gin • <letailed account of what happened.
7 I like this documentary maker, tell< a lot of sensc.
8 At the beginning of your Ji<sertation you must say your goals d early.
Use a dictionary to find nouns to complete theie phra,es based on collocation! in B.
1 ____ __ ________ __ __ .... of innocence in the face of evi denc. to the contrary
2 a company's """ .... ...... .... .. _____ __ of aims
3 .. __ __ ___ _ of information among the population
_ ."." .... ,, ' of a crime to the police
,
5 .. .. """.,, ...... of the winner of a competition
Usc a dictional)' to complete these collocation forks.
,
2
wisdom
3
<Durces
i
diVUlge\. ........... """ ....... ,,, .. .
I I
Collocations with phrasal verbs
News items
The i i ""id
deeisionLollhe
on •
the as they left t'"
,\¥ GIeo1dlo Nl'<on fl., filed fordivo,"",,' . She and her
Kevin apart for "'.t six months.
L ti
""" l,"" the
,; I
' y' [cm
] {formal) acn pt the d«-ision
2 (loml,l) start worl in
official po,ition
J a warning
• maM on officiol .. quest ID' a d;:;;;;;-
, punish vory strongly
Everyday conversation
Note how B uses a colJocadon with a verb to <"Peat A's ideas .
A: I, was great ju<! <;[ting in Ihe town "l"are and enjoying the fed of the place, wasn' t it?
B: Yes, it waS to ju,t ,it there soaking up the atmoophere.
A: I think we , hoold both arrange our work sck dules <0 we don't have to work m Mny.
B: Yes, I'll try to frre up some time so we go away togethn
A: I'm fin ding it hard to find lime to practise the French
Il eamt at school.
8: Yes, [ have <im;]ar problem keeping up my Spanish.
A: Well, all that gardening has made me hungry.
B: Yes, it certainly helps [0 work up
A: It' d 5U;' my if we cOllld meet up at
lunch-time.
B: Yes, that would fi, ill p"rfectly with my too.
A: The hO[el good as [ thought it would be.
B, No, it didn't live up to my expectations eil ber.
Other phrasal verbs with itrong collocations
burst into Iaugluerltearo [<uddenly <tart to laughJcry]
When she Saw t he damage the floods had dOlle to her bouse, she burst into tear, .
dip into . aving.,/fund, [,pend part of wme money which was being , aved]
The dub had to dip into their ermrgency fund, to pay for the repairs 10 the mof.
jO! down an address I a phone number / room number [write down quickly]
Can 1 jot down your email
see uff an intruder/opponent [get rid of, defeat]
He', a lOugh guy. He 'aw off 'ewral intruders who were trying to break into hi, house.
to / beliefs / ideal, / a philosophy [formal: continue to bel ief]
It's difficult to adhere to one'. belief. when one is being attacked.
l
it j , ofton diff"",ult to ........ n .. r the "",,,,, ing. '" ph",,.,! "",b" Wtle " .. pl ..... 1 .... , ., of
"" lOCI';"'" .. io , tie example' in C. _i'e ,1Iem dewn ' oge' '',. Th, " • p:-d way '" ",mcmbc rint
the ",""ninA-
Exercises
I 1.1 Complete the cullocatiun. using prcposition. from the box.
in with
"'
up wi t h
1 filc ____ ____ __ ___ divorce
2 come """" ... """",, .. an alternative
S live _
6
7
. .... eXp"cratiom
a decision
3 take __ __ ______ ___ office
jor .... "" .. ,," .... " .. , someone's address
4 adhere . _ a philusophy 8
fit ____________ ___ plans
I 1.2 Complete sentence ming a collocation from 11.1 in the appropriate fotm.
1 I'd been looki ng forward to the course but IInforrunately it "" ........ ,,"" my
exp"ctations.
2 Has anyone __ , ... . a gnod alternative to the petrol- or diesel-fuelled car yet?
3 1 'hould, " your address in case I fnrget it.
4 The new president of om clllb i, dlle to . ____ office next week.
S w. have to _ the deci,ion nf the commin",,; we have no choi<:e.
6 Most members of the group, a common philosopy.
7 I dnn't have any 'p"cial arrangemem" so can easily, _ your plans.
S Hilda Bragg has divorce in a New York comt.
11_3 Answer th. , . questions using collocations from the opposite page.
1 What can YOII do with savings or funds in an emergency?
2 What can you do with principles or ideals?
3 What can YOIl try to do with a language if YOll don't to lose it?
4 What can gllard dogs hd p YOII to do if YOII have intIllders?
I 1.4 Correct the collocation errors in these sentencei.
1 Everyone broke into laughter when she told the story.
2 We had a IIIn along the beach to work in an appetite before IlInch.
3 The police have said they intend to go down heavily on anyone carrying an offensive
weapon at the match.
4 Do you think you could free oUl ,ome time (Q have a quick meeting this afternoon?
5 The poli<:e acted On a rip-off and to a possihl e disaster.
6 I hop" the party wiII live on to yom expectations.
7 We on our hotel balcony. soaking through the atmo,phere of the carnival.
8 Tanya quicJdy saw out her opponent in the semi-final and now goes on to the final.
11.5 Answer tllese ques tions. Write full sente""'e. u,ing the word in brackets in
from the page.
I What do you plan to do in future to make Sure you don't lose your English? {K'-'-' )
2 What film or gig or sport. event have you been to that wasn't as good as you expecred?
{LIVE)
3 What sort of thing might tempt you to use some of your . aving'? (DIP)
4 Your best fri end is getting married 100 miles away tomorrow and allth. train, have been
cancelled. What wOllld YOIl try to do? (COME)
5 At short notice some fri ends have invited YOII to stay for the weekend. They've already
some plans for the weekcnd, What would you do YOllr I"" t to do? (FJT)
6 How easy do you find it alway. to act according to YOllr principles? {ADHERE)
Working life
Fiona
In my mi<i-twenties I join.d lh. ,,,ff of a langoage >ehoo!. The pay wasn't
brilli ant but [wuld male a li,-inlll and thele many a'peen of lh.
job mal I enjoyed. of 'taff weT" ni<:c and T cnjo)'cd
t<achml!: the m>rifnts, A lew ye." later, aft er retllmillg from maternity
leaye, I o...id<>.l to pn t-timc. '-",kily I was able to do a job_share
1
",jlh another woman ",too had .1 chIld. Then the began to
Ji
difocul! period and had to b y off staff-', I decided to go
, h. d to build UP " network of contach and rbi ,
,.,
'(9,'
tnodfnl> and m .. n am, - " "d was able to earn a good living.
, earn cnOUllh to hve icall also b. JU'I to rekr to one', Job and hmv one cam, one', money:
Sh , rnak" a Jjving '" a hairdre»crl
1 ";l!1ation wbete two Jl<'or1e cquall'artx of 'he sam. job
) di'mi" ,raff beca\". there i, no work for th.m to do
• work for different oryni,atiOM than working for one organisation
Be"
Poop! . u,,,,,lIy do worl<. NOT .-loo wock, II ,.,.. ",'k .00"" p<O<>pI< _killS w...-k. it "", or"
tho, t Ory ero' [o w","" 10< oti"" to do, A bobr m ..... 0 101 of wort its
- but iI' .....-In it.
Afrer graduating, 1 practi,ffi m, did,,," for a llumk, '" •• ". 1.noncIoIII
T manogcd to carve a niche for myself' a ,p<cialilf iA
Then T T "eede,l some irc.h challe,,!,:e, and"" I did a Pt> JWap
lor a y. ar with my opposit. numhc"J in a cli nic ill V. l\w ...... ,_ Wk1l I
returned, T went back to myoId job . nd . 100 look up tM ,..,. of f'dil,"
of leading journaL T hdd Ih,1 posili on for a . ..... ....
I'm now hoping to go agal1\ ond In am 10' 1;"g t .oQw
that r am opl'n 10 offers,
I worh d a., 0 doctor , ...,meon. doing tho same job in a different location
, mah a 'I"'cial po, ition for my,df • 'taned work
Julia
After gradu.t"' g ,,, ecourmnc" I did the "", al "f p"ning T08""' cr
my CV
1
and applying for job", T got 0 ,'ery umpt;ng o((er from
"westment b"nk and accepted it. It wa, a high pressure environment hUI
[ Idt tnoti,oted and T did "C'ry well. 1 "'0' pm on a fa'I-Track "berne
and was ffiOying "p Ill.bdd.r" fast, one day T had ch,ngc of
heart' . J reali,ed I'd ,tnpl"'d . "joying th •• xdt. ment. [felt T needed to
get m)' priorities right'.] decided that oth .. of my lif • • hould tale
priori1y o,er" ITO)' "!tlrk. T handed in my r"ignatit'n and mov. d to the
coumry.
cv . ",rn",lum virae, a written dc'SCription of
your education, , kills and coreer
2 'y'tem for rapid training and promotion of
talent. d staff
J being promoted
• my attitude or mood
, give importal1ce to the right aspect. of life
• Ix: more irn-porum! to rIll< thon
""" "1 romeo",, ", under. lot of! considerable p .. ,., ....,.
NOT und ... hi&!' P"" IU"'_
Exercises
12.1 MaIm the loqI;inning ..,1 senlen"" with its ..
1 My 1 do Qf contacts.
2 Circnlate report to a]] members the ,(aff in our c<"" r any.
3 Kazuki Ix:cn happie, . ince he wen! <)f w()rk thi, moolh.
4 J hop" it wun' t be nete<S3ty to of .taff.
S It', not euy 10 !!lIke 1"'rt·rimc.
6 Mr:cting people is thlt best aspe<t a job-mare.
7 Malian wu Ihe laS! per!iOfI w jom off many of OUT smll.
S Anrut will be ,oing on m:lferniry of the job.
9 Try ( 0 buil d up ll¥'""" nrt",-o<k a living 1S an a"lor.
10 We've had . ri.:l icul.., ,,. v"'-ume let "" next month.
12.2 COIllplete tl", con",'r"Sal;on u,ing word, from tht oppo.it" page.
Meg: Did you know my , on'< in Au"tra]i a at the moment ? He'. doing job "wap with hi.
opposite 11) ...... ................. , the ".rl oo ...-ho 12) .................. a position
to Ins in .11o; «m\pllny"s Sydney office.
Wow. rillUS goocj! B .. , I thought ht wanfed to go to the SUOtes Ihis
"-"let; t"eS. Ht did haw- a ¥Cry R:mJMing (3) ... .. .. ............. fto'" '0"",,")' in New
Yorl< .. d he abollt to a"""pl, bul ' hen he h..t a (4) ............... ........... nf hutt.
Sa, ha"" you met the ]><'f$01\ from Sydney?
Meg: Yes, he's been to dinn-. a couple of rimes. He' d like 10 sett]. in fact has
asked us 10 !el] he', (5) ...... ....... .... .. 10 offen fromlny compani .. that
l>ec interested. yoor firm millhr be intere'ted?
J""';: Pni>.aps. We eould do with soml..,ne wilh good Ausu21ian COf\1A(l$. P,nl""'" COllld
, eaUy dn "'it h who oould (6) ........... _ ..... 3 post before end
Meg: ' Ikat could worl!; om perrurps. He .. ly ittms nicc. And be'd he
no do well for you hec:o." -'C hc\ keen 10 5(ay he..,.
Jose: And do yC"lU think )'Ol1j" oon will .uy in Au.tr. lia?
Meg: I hop" nm. T' .c lo]d him to get hi! prjorilie< 17) .. ........... ..... .... ....... Being near hi.
mum should (8) . .. ....... ... prioriry o,'er Aumalian hcach,,> sun,hine!
r 2.3 Rl::wrilC each sente n« using Ih. word in
1 "The n:a:ssion lhal .he company '0 some wo. kell redlindJIlI. (I..\Y)
1 Yom "'m;] y rull y be mo.., i,nporunu 10 )'011 tha .. YOII< work. (""lOI;rrY)
3 Ni, ... SQOII g.oined «: ..... .,.1 p.omotions al "'Ylt k. (, ... n" ... )
4 Bill ""= hi$ new b<nJ ' o much 1M. I thinl( he' ll 50nn lea,..,. (KtSK:N.IT«IN)
Vi<; eU!15 good mooey .. a journa!is' . (liOINr:)
6 1 need (0 Wllte down aU my qua]iflCationl before 1 apply for inh". (ev)
7 My fath", always wanted to ...-ork a< n .1<>1.10' in a rural communit )".
12.4 Correct the •• ...,11 collocation errors i .. thil paragraph.
Ge<.Jlge makes a li fe;ls R .pon > reporter Oil J Inn l rw:w5p;oPeJ but he is IInder hi",h pressu.e
al ,,"YI. k al th. mvroe"' . He's had la. lno III"",h work to make ,=dr. He'. bn 'Il put on
fast -uain ""her.ne Int ptomntion ami Tully ",,<hing hinl. It·s sn hard IMr he's
!lli .. king n f "" .. d'l\8 " .... his ""i"rullinn a,1d !loi,,!! It wnuldn'l be "'"f hUI. r ",
su.., he'd WQn w<Jlk a nid>e for l, inosdf u a spor ts jonrnali,l.
Ei1psh III u.. ... dvonced 29
13
New employment
Discussing job applicants
Guy: So which of these applicants do fOU think
we should interviewl1bey all se.m to:fit
Ik job <k,eriprion qui te well to It',
quite. dannting ta,k to nalTOW the list down to just one
Julia: [agree. So, Jets start by taking up references for lh. se ton people.
Guy: OK. So why did YOll pick th.,. tell out of the fifty who appi;.,d?
Julia: Well, these ten all ""em to be people wh" ,e.li!e the importance of working a. a
team. Th. y'", shown that th. y of rna.termg new skill •. And they're all
dead)' comfortable with taking on responsibility.
Guy: Did you automatically el iminate the two who'd previously taken industrial action'?
One of them - I'd heard rumours .!.>out his in" prof""icnal
misconduct case. He was ""rtainly relieved of his duties" at AR G under mysterious
circumstances. BurtM other wa< <tanding up for a woman who'd bttn wrongfully
dismissedl, even though he knew he might lose his o,..n job. So ht: souuded good to me.
Guy: Fair enough. He must have strength of character to risk losing his Own livelihood.
julio: TI,.t'< riSht. 50 coukl we pencil in a m" eling for consi<kring tM refe,..,n""s? And then
I'd bwer Jeave you and go and dear my desk' hefore I go home.
Guy: Ye" sure. How aoom Friday atlO?
I gone 0/1 .nih
1 (formal) Jilmis"d
, (formal, l. gal) unfairly di,mi,,,,d
• de,l with all the pap.", On one's desk used
wh,n ,omeon< is du ring [heir <ksk becau," rh, y
ore l. aving t:ho: ir job)
If , ... :" ..... rtru.. to w"""'. CO.,., str'''' Or st., ••• trh.
NOT....." "' ....
Conversation about a new job
jenn)": I )"our brOther's landed a fallta<fic new job'.
Ali: Actually it's nOt as good as he hopeJ. He's got a
terribly heavy workload and that m,an,
'0""" very nnsocial hour<. He al.o complain<
abom to do lots of menial tasks around
th. offie" running . rrands for hi. boss.
Jenny: But he's paid well?
Ali: Not really. He just aoom gets a Jiving wage'- . And all the O"erlime is unpaid.
jenn)": just have to throw a sickie> from ti""" to tim • .
Ali: Yes, I suggested he did that 100, but he sayl he's afraid of gerling the sack' if he
dnes. He might ht: for him ther. eventually, even if he is
just being uscd as sweated bhour
l
at the moment.
Jenny: Wd l, with any luck h.'11 eventually find that he can realise his potential" there.
Ali: I hope so. But the)" ha,'e a ,'ery high tumO\'er of staff and it won't ht: easy for him to
nay the coufse
7
.
Jenny: No, but very <ktermined, isn't he? So Ids bo!", it all works out .
. I (inform.l) got a n<w (and usually a good) job
' enough money to lin on
, (infmmal) uk. a d,y off wnrk p"'tending to ht: 'ick
• (informal) ",ing di.milsed
, worker< who ar. p.id '''r linl,
and wad< in very bad conditions
• ,chieve all that he i, capable 01
7 <I",re until h. is s"cc",.tul
Exercises
13.1 Fwd a rollocation in A tht ddini,i .....
I to ,"a k", a p • ....-isional da.., I<l r J
2 an alarmingly difficult = k
3 (0 tlKO"'" d,ilkd at doinK n . .. things
" to req." .. t .tatem""1S from n:feues
5 IQ ha v", 1M .ki!i. required for a j,\ b
6 uofa"l)" sacked
7 10 bo.- dq)[i""'( 01 your soun:e of
8 bd u ";our "'\aCCeptable for >orn,'<'>!>t' in
• paTticu.lar job
I 3.1 Complt'1e thi, paragmph ... ;ng .. ",ds from Ill", !>ox in t!;., f<>rm.
Mel was ' '''p,i,od bUI ","ppy w j l).. 3 joh on loxol lI, w5paper as soon
a,.foe lef, uni vmity. Sfoe wa, I.Urp. i. eJ 1>ec3.""" di dn't f.d Ihat , he (2) ..•.... _ .... _ .. _.
the jl)l> but , foe was hQpp)· 003t>1Ie $II", ""d always d''''3no nf wo.ki,,\: as "
jOlln-ali, l . Sn "'" didn't . .... lIy mind whe" she r""nd thai she waS .<pmd'nt; milch of her
li_ (3) ..• _ ....................... ","3"d, Inr Ihe «Ii'I)'. He. brother ."id <he was ;..,t hemg uK<!
as (4) .•.••.•................... . 1300,,' bul she felt ronRdcnl th3t Ih..." (5) .. ·._ ...................... lIOOd
P"""'p.ects lor her lire",. She: ,.,::11 fUre!-he would , <)(In havc the chana: 10 (6) ._ ....... _ .. .
01\ IT'O'. r"'p<>n. ibility.
13 . 3 Complc'le .oct. ="'N""lioo P\;ng a coIlOCJlion from 11", oppMito: page ' 0 rna"'· D agtee
wi,b A say ••
A: I thinl: that Miele wililoavo n< ..... · iob 1,d o'" th", y",ar is out.
B: l ag"" . T don't lhillle he'll .,.,., .. ' ...... .......... ......... . , ... Ci lhcL
2 A; Had you heald tbat th"y mar Ii", S('mt· mt'Illlxrs of ' taif?
n: I did h.a, a tum" ", thM people might .. . . ........ ..... .. , .. .. .. ,
J A: In/b tion i , SO high Ihal l don'( seem to urn eno\lgh 10 livc Oll all)' Ill" re.
B: ( don't fee l I earn .. . ... , ...................... my,elf.
4 A: , h. Hit .\1a' 13grr h.:m (rom hi. joh?
IS: Ye<, he .... 5... .......................... . .......
S /'c. 1 hop" th" workers don't d«i!lc l<J g<.> on $lri""'.
D. Ye<, i, wouW he VCJ l' unf<lrlunm. if ,hey dcci<k '" ............. , .............................. .
6 A, It" going ru be "". d 10 d«ide ""hich of the jo b a pplicanl3 to s hordis.1.
1\: y." I don"t b ,OW ho .... · .. '" are \,'<Ji"ll 10 .•. ,. ............... .
13.'1 AIII"" O' th..., questiOn< y""r own work or a.k .... n""""e el.e ,he"" qlK:l trom and writ"
down!he an ..... crs.
1 Wh. t kind of lllenial ta.h doel 1'\ \1/ job invc>1v"?
2 Do you think thi' joh .. ill allow you to rea li ,,,, yr>!lr potential?
J 0 0 you eve, hay. to work hours ? If 1<>, why? If not, why nm)
'* Does th""", .. od to be a hibh rurnover of al l'"''
oS Jf yo" Jo., it JY.I W Or unpaid?
6 YOll thrown a sldi.? II so, why.' If nol, why nOI?
7 Han I·"" ", ,·c, u h "fl Of would YOll 000 ' ....... u ki,,!: indmn ial action,
M 10 you. job i. it IJoeC6S3ry In ,..'Orl: l(':\m?
9 Do you h: .. .., a hc:avy wo. klt.Ul d?
It ... n prob>bIy "" p.1I"tiwt..rty """", to. ,.,.. '" '-om -"< a>1Ioatio ... th .. ...,..'" 10 I""'" o-r
prcoto,,,ond'Ie Loot 0<1 tho for I-,nn.tti"" in Encl'" about d .. jOb d ... ,.,.. do or ..
In ... OJ do<nc in <I .. r..",,..,.1'13l«I • note of any i"""""';"C "'ot )'0" <orne """'''
Thoughts and ideas
A Talking about thoughts
I hone.tly think Can win the match tonight. [NOT I str-Ollgll' think]
I'm not if I want to inv" l in your bU.;1l.", or not, hm I'll gi.c il SOme thought .
H. ar in mind that th.rc Jda)' \ to mght! during b"d [remomb"r]
It's connoon lm(}wkdgo th"l j , looking for a now job. [ever}'on. know.]
.\1y Te"nag" . on ham't YOl gra'l"'d importance of T"vising for u amS. lund. "t<J<Jd how
important is]
T tah the view that we au alJ r. spon.ibl. for our own action •. [bd ; ..
It's for"gon. condusion that Jaim. will wm tho rac • . [abs.olutdy certain]
I'm not quiu sur" what I'm going to do bm I'v" gOl a rough [g"""rai
I don't sub, crib. to the thfflry that nature .nd norlm. arc of equal signifi cance bill i1 is now
a widespread bclid. [hold that opinion]; hold view]
Opiniom are divided a. to whether modlers of young children sr.ould go out to work Or
not, but it i. n,y firm conyictiOll that difurent things suit different famili" . [people hold
di fferent vi<. w,]; [I am totally conyinced]
Wo...,. I . m t>.c: ......... , _a .... "I tho problem. NOT I '""' ge«:i,,!: . ,.. "'.
Judging


meoninf
jodgo ,omoc ,," Do!1"t judI\" him '00 liar,lily. He really 000100·' be .ory cri' io>! 01
ha,.,hly
fl. .... dono thiclg; differ..,tIy. lomeo""
-- . -.-
... _ ..
poOl" judxemo'" Dooidirlg ' 0 ' ot up. bu,me$$ no,. , ho,.. poor
judgeme nt of tbe oconomic ,ituat ion.
P"" judf ome ..... On qtJl<k t<> p ••• judgement on other people critk".
but ..... lar lrom perfect he,.,olf.
,-&,in" YO'" better I f.,,11y , &rood to go oot wlth him, aga i",t my d. 'pi' e tho t h>t
i<><\r: ornent better ludgement. . """'t hing 00d ido,
a I,ck of judgoment "Pprmch to hi. child,..n . !>owed a lack of . n k1. bllity to i'Jdgo .
iuds· m. nt. , it ""tio<1 w;,oly
an ... ror of judi em. nt Prornotlng Al"" W35 a , m oo' error "f jUdge ment. b. d dod:loo
Metaphors of thinking
We can talk abum thinking lmorally [approaching a problem in an imaginative and original
way mther than u,ing traditional approach]. We can say sOllleOne has a fertile inugination
[one that produc", Jots of original and imer"'tmg ideas]. We can w« .tle with a prohl. m
[struggle to find a solution] and we cao have a nagging donbt llnpl .. feeling of
doubt that will not go awa)·]. We c";ln also talk aoout something fuelling speculation
[cn"ouraging people to cunsider tbat something may he true]. and .ometimes people jnmp
to condusioo. [gue" th. about a without enough infonnation].
Exercises
14.1 hook at A. Con"", the collocation errors in the,e .. ntenee,.
14.2
1
Opinions are separated on [he i",ue of
'"
singk·sex sch<Xlls and tMre are sound
orgumcnt' On b",h sides 01 the
5
People are graduall)· getting aware
-;/
of [he problem of climat e change.
2
I bd ieve that the government will
You shoold bear in thought
y
that )"tlur vi, itors will Ix:
6
'\:
win anotner term in office bm my
)\irlf,iend "los 0 different tlplnion.

I Strongly think you'd be making
a .erious mistake if ,'ou t<Xlk that job_
tired ailer their long flight.
I've got a raw idea of what I
wont to 'a)" In my e,say but I
haven't p[onned it properly ,·e!.
7

I den't believe it', a foregone fact that the
larger company will win the con[t<tcl.
number> of peopl e
todoy subscribe for the thenr)"
8
that ,mall is
Complete the paragraph u,ing words from the oox.
",,,,,,ell <11""", th;Jt poeop)., ,,00 ,,..M
tim. "",ditolir¥: e, eh d.Jy imrrove their mentill
, bO lit"" . II tMI mediu,lion p,rticul,rly
enh"",c, oor obilily to think in unu",. 1
"' y>. in ...-ord,. to t hin\: 'oul,ide t he box'
or (1) II m,y, tf>en,
h....., been.., "n/ortunate (2) ,
of juJsem-enl 0<1 t f>e port of the at
IINM . nd Co, 10 pul . , lop 10 If>e yogo d.,,",
It, 1f h.ood "'1:"""..,.j r", thei r lunch·bre. ',.
"
'II would _ '" th. t our m .... I...-... not 1"
(3) .. ... , " .. "" "" "'" impe<i.1nce or t'--
d."c,: ", pl oined " ,tructor 'oot
it i, not my to (4)
on Tkir judge""'nt mil)' be
(5) _ _ ____ .1 the tllOIl1enl bul it ;,
my (6) con.iclion th,1 ;u
(orne 10 tar>d belter, tile)' ..-ill
,cc how it coold b<-neht tho comp. ny .. ...,j/ ill!
indi-.-idu.1 member> of ,1.1{"
14.3 Rewrite . ach , entence using the word in bracket'.
14.4
!II
14.5
!II
I It's unwise to deaw condusions too quickly about people'! mOUves. (juMP)
2 Everyone knows that Ellie been taking mouer from tho tilL (COMMON)
3 I agreed to help him though I kn. w it was wrong. (ACAiNST)
4 I'm afraid your decision, , how you are unable 10 juJge situatitlns wel L (ua)
5 We ""'c to decide when to have the party. Can you think aoout it? (ruoUCHT)
6 I think yon are [<Xl crilical of him. Rememhcr he's onl)· 18. (HARSHLY)
7 Surpri.ingl", a large numhcr of believe left·handed peopk are more intelligenl.
(WIDESI'l\EAn)
U,e a dictionaf}' to find frequ. nt colkk;ations with these words. Your collocations ","u us<
tbe words lit"tally or mctapltoric..lly.
1 a fertile 2 to fud 3 to wrestk with 4 a nagging
U,e a dictionary or an online corpns (sec Unit 4) to JedJe whether these are COmmou
collocations or nOl:o
1 bear in memor)' 2 p. rsonal conviction 3 harshly [(eorcd 4 a rough belief
15 Business reports
BuiiineS5 news
0.. ... hrLMdli ... ,'-"t an,

* ....... , ... I.w )WK ,,",pICe • diKI.M
,.,< of !hoe;r key prod...:t., cau,cd by ftI= tOl"Jl"tlllorI' '" Tilt _tl)f. TI>ey '")' .bey
Me l l",auy well ""lilt I() nK'dIn, lhrlr fuI the lirst quarter, 'J hoi, nc'W rrwxlo:h ", jlll:O into
production' in <he ' mlll! ."g tbi, i> exper'." .0 bOO5l
l
,\!ci, ... 1"" and pro/l lJ . ,'en mom:.
11Ie 1"-111 ....s.y N • cd III ' _.klM' klo.,..o. .. lIIt ..,dlll
"'" &1
..
a brvo ",,01 of Ih de .... k.pmcn, I.dlld: 10 indulIN' proj«\ll in ,/wo ROj!1I: t "'WIt wbo JIe/s ...
...., """""UIft 01\ {bi, .chcm<. sri:! "'_local people _1o:Jmcd u.::..,,,,<)Il, I"hicb .hould
I:fDl'rnte rnO,,", firms, 1 h"}' "Pf""I'j.tf ,1",[ !heir are. hi<; ",.ny .. nlq..e """an,: I"'!.ll<
f,>{ bo,,,;ne.,,,, and the ir cml'\<)Y'." ""d feel !hot, d •• ek,pmon! ",;1\ ray rCO' .veryon<: ii,zing
and wn.-king in vel.
OormnE (\ M'Jd L iii!; IoI>nl)l .... "',oI pI_n, '" l'IIolIcI • _ !..wry .. Ih: The. spoI;eop.:nn>.
Mori: MuU<»,. ",i(! "'" P"I'l"'"l made 101''''' bm1ftts. ........ ' 11 "'in "" ""';'r rot U5 10
..... iIIl:>io qoalily and p . .. _ ...., iIItcrc.<t< 01 ..... """ . hoIders at :1te .... , .. ,i",,,., » ." rl'RR
<lema .... or"". 1ft"", ' . n:I .... ,' "" oaid.
o..m .......... held au t_, .. _, II .. '""."'" "" oItM;_..., aN c-.:d Ib)'
in fLOCI ,,",,<I, Th.I. .. ill, 'TlI;, hf1.o In prim! .... ill ,",""'Iy Ift'etf. , hc """"'....,.. k',.
ch.Jl<nl,'1e fC'< US;'lS we .lroady Op"rtoI. "" ""rrow pn.tit Howev"" "'" h .. ,. "".
' WIT,tlRO cloar on<! au """fidem we "'i ll .li\l t-o >hI< 10 INalan« the bool<5', We h'I>'< ""
in«mion "f ... in tile I'tNi ...... ' )'<1 ,.
, NOT h+ <"""petitio ..
1 S(an boing m. <Ie
, ,ncrea""
• bring . d\,antagOli
De scribing trend,
I (joumali,rio:) ,ile ;n
alfoco the: net 'n.:omc
1 """ the ' r><nt ,. not mo,.., . ha n die a.noun. ""mal
• g<><ll); bankrupt
,\ n irnpOHall! pari of mun)' business ;5 ,he d.«:ription of trends, The
em-pus ! hows chere 3rt 3 of coll OCAtion errors which a re ft cqumdy
mIIdc when andwln w. it< business ill ad\'3IlCtd Engli' h
'No III)" '"1th< ... , NOT. 1ie!1. do<re. seli""", .. " and a substantial
_ealellno: ... a>O:, NOT, -.
.. ,..., tl1"'s> i" _mo of _..,. /or "".m""', bpo<u five
times er-a ..... doan 'onjx>Ju. NOT Exporu _r. f..., timeoloJtoo' th>n Impo'u.
Exercises
15.1 Are these sentences true or false?
1 A husin .. , will fe-d worried if t ne company a decli"" in demand
fOT its PToo"cts.
2 A business CEO i. pleased if the company nO{ meet its quarterly sal es target' .
3 A hih in the- price of raw materiaL, is likely to pJ"("f;e-nt" difficult for bu.in".
that uses those material •.
4 and staff will promote their prooucu ' selling points.
5 Busines, managers are likely to be happ)' about c.llmg in tnc receivers.
6 A company i, likely to fed more ,ecure if it has narrow profit margin •.
15.2 Complete ench sentence using a word from the- opposite page.
1 It was " ,ad day for the company when it finally had to call in the .
2 rm "\te you'll agree that our new mobile phone ha, a number of unique ,elling
3 We use a professional accountant to help us balan"" our ........................ ... . .
4 The bank agreed that our plans sound bu.ineM
5 We m",t ensure th"t the research project do-.s not neg.ri\·el)· affect the bottom
6 We look forw"rd to next spring. when 0." exciting new line will go into
7 All your hard work will e\' enmally pay ............... ..
S We are confident that our new bus;"" .. strateJ;y will help I}{}()" both ,ales and
1 5.3 Correct Ihe collocation errocs in these sentences.
1 'l'he company i. plea..,d to report a strong increase in profits over the last quarter.
2 The new health safety commime is to be tabled b)' a retired doctor.
3 There is increasingly high competition betwern airline companies.
4 'lhe company's export' to had considerable- growth owr the- decade.
S Thc "les figures for 1'iarch show" linle decrea,e on those for Febmat)".
6 Our sales in the domestic market au to a next year.
7 La.t sales were times larger in Europc th"n in
8 We feel that this proposal do-.s considerable business sense.
9 Although need to reduce our COSts, it's importam we attain quality that our
reput"tion is b"ilt On.
10 Business leaden hope new government policies will stimulus growth.
I SA abont the collocations;n Ihi. unit.
I When might the 'vbMging Director of a comp"ny call an cmergency meeting?
2 What kind of age group is a sport' car company likely to have as its target marke"
3 Wny would shareholders be ple"sed if their company "nnounced record profits?
4 In what situations other than business do peopk set themseh' es obj ective. ?
5 Name three thing, that a business would have to allocate of it, b\ldget to.
6 How might" company try to &imulate growth in demand for its products,
On ' h< w.ob,ito w;o,w.wmp.nie, hoo,e WI.uk)'OO '>Il fOld "'poet> on ,",0",1 million <amp'"'"
Lcd up. C<)'''P'''Y tha, ill,"""'" y.,.,..,d m.ko.. not. of..,y iIl,""".tin,g ooll=,ioo' th.t yo<
find,
Customer services
A Shopping in the high street or online?
).1", { compallk , carry out s"rv. ,.,' to find out what customers or potential cu, tomers
i •• 1 aocm! their prod ""t! and , ervices, I am"""r. d on. recently about shopping.
T personally much prd er to go mopping on the high ' treet r.ther than to ,hop on the
i m"lllet. You get a llllJCh impression of whether sorrn<thing is good valU" for mOll"Y
or truly fit for purp", e
l
wh«n you can touch it. And I fed if you h.,'e " pmhlcm with
pu"hase, it', . ask r to go back "nd make compl aint if you' ve bought something from"
shop. But , hopping online has its advantages , and many companie, offer YOll a di,count
when rOll place an order online. And, of cour .. , lot< of online companies have plenty of
regubr custom", and pl e'llty of satisfied customor" l.uppose the hottom line i, that it's
good for us as consum. " to hav. as much healthy as possible_
I or do , urvey' , NOT ,urycys ' good at doing whO[ it i , ,nppo, ..:] [0 do
,
''''' odditi",,1
i i
Complaining about service
MO.red lI"s ,k".. on d,e Internet and 1'", furious, On , .......
ptomn.. prompl , ervi"e. In rOCt the), said "ff" ,,1
.... , it took t. n days 10 come. \X-'hen I mns up to me
.". hol d and then nnu got back to m. ! Then, wh. n th. , kif(
zip was hroken_ It's poor 'Iuality -,h()ugh me
.... 11 til . i, clothes top going to lOCk up su"h a ' _ ' .
Of ,;ourse, I'll demand a full ,dund
2
, hut I'd ",alll ] ih All as
well, And I' ll cwaiHly . CUStOm d S<-..... ha c m Mu'e.
(informal) mah a very for"ibk cornrbint
I
, for all my money bad: (NB NOT .... b"",u'e the verb be
made strons" in Ilngli ,h - it i, already m m'f\ "!lough)
, nO! buy from the , ame pi,,,,. asain
Company promise
-
If yoo ha .. !:loon<!. fo, plN,e cont<KI 0Ui' fINd 01&. at the add",,, b.Jow. W. pride
ou,,"' _es on providing on exceUenl ,etvice ond all our product' ronform to ,ot.ty regolotk>n,1-. We
I an commilmrnt, l to ,,,,tome,", WE toke _l'I'y ,eriou"v any aboutpOOf ,.tv;':', So if
I you fl'l'l that 0 ... 01 oor product. does oot (0"'" up 10 ,,""dord" then we W1 lilmmedlat...,. oller yoo"
i re pl."" ment. We promise 10 h"ndle all complaint. promptly
"._----- - -.--------.--_.-----_._----------- ---- - - ---
I " rea",n for complaining , do we we w,mid d"
, ohq the rul .. or low, reioring to ,afery • "ad, appropriate ,tandard,
I
Learn more collo<:>tion, ",I.ti "!: " pic 0/ cu"om. r ,er..-i c •• by looking >t ,h. CU'tomOr
. o,.k •• p"fe ot . comp. ny wob$lto, for . ""mpl. , that ot JoIln L ...... i". &' p. rtmen, ,toro:
www Mokr , 01 . ny intor.,tin! col 'x.oo",_
,
_ J
Exercises
r 6. r Look at A. Correct the collocation errors in these . entence.'.
1 you ever made a complain to the nbout the food in a restaurant:
2 I hate making <bopping on Saturdnys as the town i< '0 crowded then.
3 II you your shopping delivered, you can put your order with uS online or by phone.
4 We made a large·scale customer survey before de"doping our new product range.
S On·the·web <hopping is proving increa, ingly popular.
6 I surprised by the weak quality 01 tile ""ting in that film we Saw last night.
16.2 Chom" the COrrect collocation.
16.3
1 This shop gives vcr)' good worth / crut / value for money.
1 E.er)· busines, wanU satisfactory / satisfied / 1l1lis/ying customer, .
3 He is an economist who believes m the ad"anlages 01 healthy! rich! fertile competition.
4 Service d"",n't ha"e to be next·day bur it ,hollld be p,ma""I! prompt / present.
S I hate it when you phone a company and get put on hole / hold for ages.
6 Dan kicked up terrible fuss! f()()t! feller about the service we received.
7 The hotd mnnager dealt! honoured our complaint very effici ently.
8 We can't sell our old sofa because it docsn't perform / inform! conform to modern
safety
9 I would prefer not to take my cllstom anywhere I elsewhere.
10 lbe service at the hair ,alon did nOt nm! come! do lip to standard.
Complete the letters using words from the opposite page.
- .....:-=------,
__ " ... '"""' ton< 0<""'" I ",,,.I'<d "

.., .. ..... , ""'" P""'''''' it ;o ",-...t.; 'u<'""-'
_. "'" ...,. "<leT' It ;. c'", . "" I """". 1(,- """, I *"
_ (I: . . .co.""""'-,x l'<X"" " .. "''''
_ ""f-';i<""" .. _., '''' to 'ho oh:>p
.... , "'" ''''''''¥' ,ofuo"" ""';"'"",' fuI
'"
.. _ ""tt.;,.n,J
f.t; .. , .. 0<,"",,,, '
... :.0 foou.j ' " .... , o1f (4) __ ... _...."."
_ '-f: .... '
.-,,""
(lar""Coic.
TlN.oI: )<".t foc )'0'" let"" ,"S",\.'lb'g y"' '' .. or
.... io f_",. We for til< ;OCooI,,,,;,,,,, •
.......... )''",
i. oornmittcd to (5) __
lien"" and "" Ilin! ((,)
....... , _"t>o ...... ,hclcf«. 000101< ,h.
........ -.I "'al lh:r.t l'w will Cf>lti""" to <001'
"" .., • • """'" ",&ill 0.« (7) ............ fOO'
<A ,..... .w. t "'"

II_C •• , ... !]
( :.'_ S"<i",,,
16.4 Complete the cro .. word.
Aero ..
1 When choosing new )'ou must en.lIre that they will
be fi t for _.
3 To get your mon, y back you' ll have to proye YOll have
for complaint.
4 I hn"e nO option but ta demand a _ refund.
5 I am af,aid that your service simply fails to lip to
6 As a respected firm we alway, - all our commllmentS.
7 It is Out policy to offer students n _ on hooks and
station",y.
Down
2 Your helmets do not conform to safety _.

"

,
17 Student life
Courses and qualifications
When ,he was a 'mall child, Amelia's teachers identified her a, ha\'ing
unUouaJ intelligence and rema,kabk memai agility" and they put her
on " special programme for gifted children. Amelia WOn a ochulaTShip
to anend a local grammar ,choul. By lh. age of eighteen, .he was a
'tmight A "udent', she ,"cured a place' at oue of the country'.
mosl pre'tigiou, , eato of learning' to rcad
S
English },ite.atu.e.
In the fir,[ academic )'Tar of the Eng/ish Literature pwgramme, the
core ,ubjecl, 6 were The developmml of II!. ,,,wei and Contemporary
poetry. Amelia had a large number of ,"I tc)m
1
to read. It wa. hard
work bm ,he loved it. Her professors were all distingui,hed .chobr.
and he, cour"" were taught by <orne of the world', leading author;!;", 11\ the field, Sh,·
complu ed her .tudies with considerable succc,. and gmdumcd from wllversity la't year. In
the her parents have decided that it is time they made up for [hei, lack of formal
education and they have signed up for a numk r of evening courses
i
. Ev"ntually they hope
to mee' the entry requirements for univ""ity enrrance and 10 he able to comple'e a degree
as mature students
9

I ability to think quickly and cbrly
• subject< which all rhe "udem. 011 the cou",,,
h.ve to do , 0 student who always gets very good mark.
, (formal) w» .ccepled os a 'Ill d.nt; 7 specific books which studem, must study
(info", ... l, got a place)
• or enrolled on .•. cours ..
• (very formal) educational institution
with a ve, y good reputation
• ",udcnr. who are older tha n .vemse
, (formal a"d old-hshioned) do or ,rudy
Harry's school report
--
. ,-.. .
-
Mathematics we·,"- '''''1''''''", .. , ><1; t"" 'M><. Haw""t< ;.""
w, .... ,,''"''
English ..... f'" H·, f,,-,L ..... ,,,,u,, le<t
olo« U"t.
French 1fl,,! "" c""",, fot' i.' ... l.<w ....... v..t i. ... ' '""If< ·""i" 'e. '1, <""'" fi.eA it
to U"n" '11><" bi:j """>t.
Geography lio"'(J tl1,,,,t fw "e.d i.>. .... , . ,t "'. -plt)j tHot
"Dl<\.th .. "", n,," "",""" ... t "'t'D'" , .. , of.", ",."!,,,'
--
Scien(e 1i.,'1:: ,.< <l,..., ..... t"'w;t ...... biLittl to "?o.I.ij ·,tM, n·, te· 'H' """10" "".Lo:.
H, ,....it""."" , ... 0"' ''''1 H., "I't"""""'0: hL, "'"' '''''''9)j
_._. -'-'--- -"" _ ... "-_._-_._ ..
Physkal AltH"'"," tt, "1:: ',..,,, 0 Y""'''' abilitl'j " 'f"', " ....... 1..<, H' wW e",o ",.m ."i:j

T"OS'c,,< v.Y>.til.", "tcT" "iJ<tI''''' t ...... ><1;· li1,," "",-,t "'* co", ...... cu
I 100%
, COnc"ntr.tion i , not "cady
] obi lll}' shown by hi. achievement'
< being .b",nt wilham perl11ission
Exercises
17.1 Answer questions using collocations nom A.
1 What happ"u. wMn you , uccessfully compkte a <kgree course?
2 What do you call who ar. in or
3 What are, for example, Harvard, the Sorbonne and Cambridge University?
4 What kind of p"ople teach at Harvard, the Soroonne and Cambridge University?
5 What do you call children who are particularly intelligent or Sp"ciai
6 What do you call ,ru<knts whose marks ar. always excellent?
17.2 Match Ihe beginning of each , entence wilh its ending.
1 We were all very impressed by the ,tu<knt', mental
2 My grandmother i. very intelligent but ,he', had little formal
3 I've never found it easy to learn scientific formulae by
4 I'd love to , tudy medicine there but it'. very hard to get a
5 r or the first yeu Shakesp"a", exam we had tn six set
6 ! am so proud of you for managing to get full
7 Your work i. not too bad bm there is certainly still room for
S Your littk girl has shown herself to \:>c a very quick
9 The t est ha, been designed to enable pupils to demon'trate their
10 I hop" to study tM,.., but I may not be able to meet the entry
heart.
place.
education.
ability
reqUIrements.
agility.
leuner.
marh .
leXls.
improvement.
17.3 Complete thi, teacher's letter to the parents of a problem pupil.
---
nn r Mr:u>d Mrs Wolf.
Wc >Ie YOI)' c<-r>CCmM ,hoot Potor', [)eh. vioor. H" ho, pl , },<d (t) __ _ from ""1><x>I
Il\m: <i,,,,, lhi, mon lh U>.1 h" been :;cen in lown in ,chool h""". Whetl he doc, come to dOlI>. hi,
attOlllion (2) _ -._ ..... ,.,.,., ... , " "" '" ". ilJld he doc, not """Ill .ole <0 """,,",ntr. tc un hi" lessons. I-Ie Joe, no(
:;com to undcr,Wx! the Yo'""k . nd yot he no.-., "" Oll}' qu<" ioo' or rogLO<'" . ny holt>, Tho ""Iy ti me
he (3 ) " '"''''''''' '''''' ''''''' " .. ,., . ny iniu. tivc ;, in dOI'i ,ing e'CIJ , e, for rot doone hil'; bo,,,,,w,,,,k
Althc-ug b h< ha, 0 (4) .. , .. .. , " .... ,,' " .. "" ",, .. ," ,,,.,nl 1'0< Oll. he i, rot ""'n I. ling ony in .n lc>w n,.
Thi, i, .. lu t )'<01' tbor< I'l ", • (' l __ '" ..... .. .. " .... , ". impro''' '''''''1 in r et. f , WOf<
and "'" huped he (6) __ _ __ ________ • IOCbolo"hip_ How"".,-, unlo," he " """ to
(7) __ _ __ _ "" .. ..... ,, " " .. " school "'Gularly >Lid '" pul muro olTurl into hi, ><00;"; " lie will a;n.inly nut
c.-en meet tb. (8) _ _fo'- the c"",,,, he 11" vi ..,. to (9) ..
0" no, t )'0"'",
I WOllid be .i;ratollll if YGlI could co",. intu ,,,Il001 to di >e-u" this _" tu,li on funller.
You" , inc.", ly.
ThomuChil'"
(H .. dlo,",her)
17.4 Answer these questions.
17.5
!II
1 Whal are tM core , ubjects for pupil, at primary school in your country?
2 What would you say a'" the most prcstigio"s scats of learning in your country?
3 Have yo" ever signed "p for a cour .. Ihat yo" didn' t complete?
4 If you could take a course now, what <ubj ect would you like to readi
5 docs the academic year begin and end in your country?
6 What do you need 10 do to ,"cure a place at university in your country?
U,e a dictionary 10 find differont words to complete each collocation.
1 a thirst for _ 3 his .... """"." .. .. ,,",, ..... ,, " waver,
1 join a. 4 proven,
18
Writing essays, assignments and reports
Preparing for a research assignment
Here is an ""tract h:om • study ,kill, leaflet given to students at a university,
"dvicc on bow to tackle a ""earch project. Note lh. collocations in boJd.
Al l sb:Ients art e;:pedoo to " 5,000·
_ d roport, detaii"!J ti'oeir research project and
findings.
a ", >all,.;" topic in liscussion with )'Our
MOl. I¥il need to formula,"" working
'"iIen you beg:n YOlir study. Tilt
of l'l'\If rescarch to see if)'OlX data
tIw
If )'OJ are undortilo;;og] a study which involves
nlctrt1!'J1ts or I'OIlJ1leers, read the OOvice OIl
rtuarcJI 1ItIic5' in f1e depOl\meflt hmdJook.
A key section of your repon wil be a lileral\ft
re'o'iew, Too is not a 01 your
background reading, but.., in.<J..ptn oritiq ... ' o!
ile most imp<;IlanI arid arftcles, where )Ilu
coo show your awareooss of curren! ' eseii rch .
• Make SLXe yoo rillion. It:( your
study, and back up your ooncILJSiOl1 • .ni1
evidence; revIlr ">:agger"'" ony clain>s I'J'.I rTIltle.
• Wherever appropriale, )00 lay out yoo,
rIIlults in the form of lables, char1s and diegra .....
I " thwry which be u",d prov"iorulily but may chango
'W. u,ually do not .ay l!roue hypoth" is; i, too strong.
J (formal) out; (informal: doing)
4 a 'y,u,m of standard, which con,rol how ".,,,reh i. dono
, . xamination and judgcmont of wmothing, done """fuily and in great detail
• (formal) gi""
Other collocations often used in essays, reports and assignments
Th. book offers a vigorous' def.nc. of free market economic! and makes the case for
privati'ation of all ,tate-owned industr;"s. It confront! i!sue, which are of
importance in devdoping countries.
McGraw puts th. case for ,ingle-sex primary educ.rion but nc fail, to tackle all of the issue,
that opponents of this approach to early schooling han raised.
This essay cannot give exhaustive
l
of dimate it focuses only on tt.c ,i.k
to sea Ievd:;. Recent re,earch that ..,a levd. ar. rising very rapidly.
PhysicisTS begun to formulate new tkocks about th. nature of univer..,.
Tho big question i, how to test these theories_
Although Krisrov's book covers a lot of grouud, it does not off .. full explanation of the
ev.nts leading to tho civil war. Ind""d, the thrust) of Kti!tov'. argumont is that such an
account caunot wriru,n, since the people with first-hand' of those event' are
no looger living.
Thi • • ssay a critical of international trade
I vtry strong and forcdul 1 . xtr.mely derailed 'tho main idoa or opinion ,hat is discu".d
, directly 'a derailod study or . xomination which a.= quality
'No "'f do ' ........ 1>. NOT ........ r=vch. Tho In",,",,,,, is. t<><>d plae. "" do rflu .. l>.
Exercises
18. 1 Complete each . efiTence using a v.rb from the Imx;n the apprupriate form.
indic>te
tackl .
p""e"" pm_id.
to" ur>dertako
1 It i. a huge ta,k to
2 Fischler ,.,., .
.. . . ,.,."". ".,. ,.""., a .mdy involving hnndred, of parricipams.
her findings at an biochemistry conierenco Ia,t year.
3 Chapter 2. . . ....... the lit.ranue on urban regeneration and concludes that
more research is needed.
4 I have . ... ... a rationale for the ,rociy in the introdnction to d,is eSlay.
5 The " ,earch ..... ""." ".... that owning a J"'t increa,es life expectlncy by five )' ears.
6 The next 'tep was to ......................... the theory by carrying out a ,et of eXp"riments.
7 n,e e>say .............. ................ a lot of ground,
8 The book.. .. . ............... , a numlxr of issues which were previo",ly ignored.
9 The lecturer .. ........................ the caSe for a dramatic change in econon,ic policy.
18.2 Rewrite each sentellce using a form of the word. in bracket •.
I The ,ystem of ,taudard, for conducting re,.arch are described in the universiry', re,earch
manual. (El'HlC)
2 You n"d to make an examination and jndgement of the arguments which is very
detail. d. (DEml. CRITIQue)
3 You n""d to read books and articles which give YOll information aboot the , object.

4 YOll do the analysi, in order to 6nd Out whether the data indicate that your inirial idea
wa, correct. (HYr<:miESl, )
5 All the imerviewees were p"0ple who had knowledgc of the ,ituation from direct
experience. ('IK'T)
6 It is impossible to give a complete explanation of the decline of agriculture in the 1960.. (Flll)
18.3 Complete each Sentenco nsing a word from the box in the COrrecl form. Then number the
events in the order in which they would occur in real life.
D
D
D
D
[i]
D
Write a .......................... analysi, of previo", ,tudies.
Form a, .... , ...... ,'" ........... hypothesis.
........... .... oot your resullS in tables and diagram"
, 'our report.
.... " .... " ..... " .. ... .. a topic.
Make the . for studying the topic in the imroductiou,
18.4 Correct the collocation error> in th .. sentences.
' "'
uit ... 1
'"

,ubmit

1 The "ust of Torsten', argument is public Imnsport can never the private car.
2 Economi,ts refor"..,d a new theory of inflation in the late 1980 •.
3 It is impOrlant that we shollid front the i"oe of climate change immediately.
4 In her essay, she pot forward a vigorated defence of the European Union constitution.
5 1 ,hall not attempt 10 givc an exhausting account of population growth in this essay.
6 The a(ricl e doe, not back down irs conclusions with enough convi!ICing evidence.
find . rtid< 0!1 t"" In' ....... t r.latl"- "' .... K.demic s.ubioct th .. is impocunt )<lu. Print 011
. nd l>it/>lp .ny u .. uI cO/loation<)'OU n<><ice in iL
Social life
Organising your social life

I
-----------
HI _
How your weekend? My old friend Emm. come on • flying visit
1
, which W05 fun. We
hod . girls' night out 00 SiKurday with a couple of other flieM •. We ... out for a mM] to .
local ""stauran!. So much for me sticking to my diet!
Emma was oore for a patty for he, pare_ on 5uo'Idlly. She i>nd her brother wonted to
5pring II surpri5e orr' them for their JOth weddlrl\l annl.er'l"'Y - they thought 30 yea",
del!nltely called far ft ce]"brotiDn
J
- 50 decided to throw a party for them. They had It
at hotel neElr th<llr house and invited all their par-er'ltS' o ld Irie'I<k n." vic".- who'd m"'-'i ed
them put appearance
4
! Ttoly asked me "1<>nII too and It was lovely, a rea"¥
occasion w'th a fun almo'ph""" I was just 5(>rry I oouldn't spend much quality time with
Emma, blot she pmmised the ",,>IT time.he cOO'Ies it woo't t>e <ueh a whirlwind "Isit", Anyway,
, what abctut yoo? Is lir..;", busy social whirl'? Do yoo 51;I1 go clubbing evet)' weekend?
Clllire
I vi. it d"",n'l last long
' 10 , "rpri' e
, meont tru..t. celebration wa, appropriate
• jnst for. short timt
Formal entertaining
'0' ('_,Ii",D, M. Pa,<]
f:_)' 1l>l1. S",;L],d
t_Coo"",lIor r:>lOl,
, time where people can give their complete
am mion to each other
• hrid and vcry hmy visit
, non-'top ",( of , orial ev.nt.
Permiston International Youth Festival
. ..... lei "" Ib" ,b. C,,,, ,,,,i], On bt]",]r "'-'10" r""i", ] Com";"",,, r", pl.,; .. ... I 100' ...,
_ ftUpl io" ['" 0"' ;"""",',,n,1 <oil<tg"'" ,nJ h ,mkioog ., '" ,""",,"c 110.111 ... W.
_ 01", .,..,r,1 [00' yoo """ ""I< ," 100 11_ " OX " ,'j,ij " '*' wedl)' rbnnio! """'ing, "" _
<lt1illlO<4 '" "",,,,, tn",)'OO "",,"ldlO jol. ''''' '" '''' o!"",i,! ",,,,,',")' ,i L",
'" Ii .. [0 i",'itt )'OU """ Y""' "I""''' '" .110001. (,..-onol r ... ,."" [0 b< hekl ,ke II ......
, _,"" "" 27 J'ly, [(001 7,3Op>" til 1O.3Opon, "' m", 'I", """""'" "''''
"'-
providing the focili'ic" lor
2 where family com". tog",ner,
" , "oily to celebrate something
J toke oul ior dinll<r and drinks
formal) a friendly .nd
welcoming
, pl:>ee where a public e\'ellC or m. .. ing

w.. .. ... or
....... II. t..rb="", NOT ...... .
b,rt..cu.,
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Whether you are planning a formal party,
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5
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Exercises
19. 1 the umve(Sation word, from tM oppo,ite page.
S"k;; How wa, Bill', (11. r.tir.ment pany?
Dave: Great. Yo" should hove hi, hce; nc reoJJy had n" ideo al:>u.ll it and he wa, so
m"Yed. It wa, a really ill"" gesture for the company to (21 ........... .. ............... a part)" for
him like that. Ihey r.ally wined and (31. us. And even the MD put in
an (4) ........................ ! Whot hoppcmxl to you? I wa, ,url'ri •• d not to . ee you there.
S"ki: Oh, well I wa, planning to come, hut th.n my friend, (.\1 ,urp",e
on me too that <ame night.
Da,'e: Was it a (6). _ occa,i()l1!
Suki: Ye<, it was my birthday and my frieTl(is had arranged a girl,' (71 ,_ """'"''''''' ' out
and invjted lot, of fri end, that I hadn't s. en for ag .. ,
Dave: Sound, great. HapP? Birthday, by the
19.2 Choo,e th. cotr.ct collocation.
1 M)' parents haw alway, I made I had my friend, feel v",? welcome,
2 My aunt came on a quality I whirling I flying vi<it w.ek ,
3 It's quite difficult to hold on I keel) wilh I slick to a diet when you're eating out with
friends.
4 You've pa, .. d your exam! Wdl, that take.,I givu! call. f"r a cdebTation!
s W. h"p" you will give I finJ I spend time to vi,it our exhibition of stud. nts' artwork.
6 It's important to try to 'pend pl enty of we/com' I ccmviviall quality time with your
family.
7 .\1y <isteT's life is a COnstant 5paial! active I sodal whirl.
8 I recommend you pay I sp""d I go a vi<it to the folk museum whll e you're in Dekbu.
9 Athen< lhrew! gav, I p/<i).',d ho,;t to the first mo<krn Olympic Gam .. in 1896.
19.3 R. write each sentence using a collocation from th. opposit. page. Then say whether the
scntcrtcc you have wrin. n is mo," or
1 We could go to a nightclub later.
2 Th. rcstauront ha, a ,"ally friendly atmosphere.
3 London i, holding rhe Olympics iu2012.
4 She h .. < a mad social hIe.
S T to go to a formal function on Thursday.
6 We invite you to join;n th. fun at th. opening of the Arts
7 Crap<ley Park a for an omdoor concert.
19.4 Which do yon prd<r:
1 when you're too tired to cr;ok, "rd.ring a
Or caring om?
2 plain food or rich food?
3 haying a famlly gathning or hoving a barbecue
with frieIKis?
4 giving a dinn« parl)' Or going ,,"t to,
S paying your a vi,it or playing ho,t to
friends at your own home !
6 a whirlwind visit from 0 Irimd, or 0 rel.tive
wro ,toys fur 0 week?
20
Talking
Types of language and conversation
conversations arc not scrious. lhey CODs;'t of idle chatter, in which the .. just
pleasantries' or , hare juicr go.,ip about their friends and colleagues, exchanging
new. and 'proadiog rumours, Rumours arc always flying around in any society, of con,,,,.
But sometimes when yeu engage SOmeone in conversation, it may more serious_
Yeu may open your heart to 1M you arc talking to, for example. You may even find
yoursdf drawn into 30 Some peopl e always want to win 3n argument; for orh. "
losing the argument is not important a, they ,imply enjoy .. good discussion. If you are in ..
very noisy place, it can become impossible to carryon a coDversation of 20Y kind and it is
also hard for parem, to hold a cODvorsation when ,hore are small children in the rOOm.
, (form.l) polite conversation , (informal) interesting k caus. it i, shocking or p"rSlln. 1
Managing topics
o
o iert,;:;:..

f-.... ...
H, ). "",
A, y<>u !<now, [w' !">l ed to talk to my pMent, obout my for dro»pirl9 out of
univ . .... ity but [ have much Iud. Fi ",t 01 all, ! found it very hord 10 broacb I"'" .ubJect'.
A, .oon . , I '''''rtQd oxj>lal nlng how b. dly 1 to , t ort e1ITning, """ 01 would
Ihe subject. It wo, . s If they were deliberotely trying to ",rnghi"ll .. d was
t o problem. Evontu. lI v I managed to bring up the .ubject 09ain ond nnally
, t ort. d 10 lake me UC;OU5Iy. I tliod not to overstale my ca.,,' lor leaving and ju;t put Ihi"ll<
"' <impiy os I could. But tt>t.:y ' ''''rted to bombnd me wIlli que5tlons'. Why did 1 re" 11y
wMI to Wh.2It would I <;Io? Did thot I w<>uld get a mud> bette, job with . deg ree ?
Dad didn't to my "",w. ,. - h. ju. t ""orted m""ing broad generalisations about the
importance of education. K. w. nl on and on lor obout holt on hour bel'ON 'telling mo to drop the
subject . nd neve, to it So I'm nol.""" whot to do Any odvice?
0"
, begm a dISCUSSIOn of a d,fficult loplC
, give too much importance or ..,rioumess to " pOInt of Vl.W
J .. k me lot, of que,tlon.
Adjective + noun phrases
a>IIocotion exQmple meaninz
TV drama. today u •• Il>IJ<h mere ;wear word • . u boo fOuI . uggests
t...dI,tronll"/foull"nlluall"c thon t hoy Il>I.I,h stronge, disapproval 'han ba<J Of .!rotIi
did Y"'" ago.
tou,,"'ttoT Pleaw 'I)' to ""pro .. you, f<>eIings ;wear word,. toboo words (""'ny of whkh
-,
wili>oul u,;'" four-letter word •. ... "" four lett ... , '"
ope<1ing gambit "You'", . wa, hi, o ",,,,,,rk made in order to ,tort 0
opening gambIt. ronve",tion
• "",h promi'Q Oon\ moke"11)' rash promi.e •. promise, "",de without thinking
Think befOl"o yoo ' t'" • • 10 anythi "l:.
an She', fuI of empty promi,e •. 'IOu promi.e. "",d. whic" tho ,p • • kQr ,,,,, no
promj •• ,hOllldn\ believll . """d ,he ny •. mtent"'" of '""'ping
,,"""
Do I re, ret Thot', • tough dillk"lt qUOst"" to on,,',,"
qU""ion queotion.
Exercises
20.1 Look at A. Correct the collocatlon crrors in tb. s. ,entenees.
1 It can f>" hard to carry out a serious eonversa[iou in a noisy room.
2 He finds it very difficult to open his hcad talk about bi, feelings to anyone.
3 I don't like discussing things with people who always want to gain every argument.
4 My mothcr always used to tell me n(){ to .'pili unkind rumours.
5 I usually find it n()[ to gct driven into an argument with Paul.
6 We had a very time ju,t ,ining in the park enjoying .'omc idling chane!.
7 I managcd to [esi,t all hi, attempts to cngage me into conversation.
S [""e never talked to him much - we've done no more than
20.2 Complete each sent.nce using a word from the box in the appropriate form.
brOach
•••
tOugh
1 I. . the argument 1 didn't know enough about the ,ubject.
2 I think it's time we .,.,.,"" ", ...... ........... Ik subject of Our marriage with our parents.
3 No one will. your ideas seriou,ly unless you present [hem morC
effectively.
4 My mother can't get u,ed to hearing well-dressed young people using
language in public places.
5 Whenevcr 1 try to .. ".. .. ................ up tr.., subject of moving to London. he leaves the
room.
6 I've ,aid I'm <orry - why can't you just, " ......... the subjcct,
7 Tf.cy're Sure to ask you some ............... .. ... .. question. at your bur you can
rake time to think bdore
8 1 felt so ill week that I could barely ....... .............. a conversation.
20.3 Match the twO parts of the .. collocation.'.
,
JUI<=Y promISe
1 broad gcneralisations
;
exchange gambit
,
take qUOSlton
5 four-l etter
seriously
6 tough word
7 rash gossIp
8 opening

20.4 Rewrite sentence using tbe word in brackets.
1 Plea,. ,top talking about this inunediately. (DROi')
2 Sam has a habit of promising [hings that he has no intention of doing. (k'MHY)
3 You mllSt give due importance w the lab', safety regul2tions. (SoRIOU5LV)
4 It's l:>cl:tcr not to spend too long trying to make )'our point. {OYERSTATI)
5 Could we please statttalking about s"m.thing else, (SUBJEct)
6 Did you kat the rumou," that people were spreadins your bo .. la't
ycar? (FLYIl<,,)
7 There are rather a 101 of rude words in the play. (u.">GuA("'i
8 Such statements tend to be rather mcaningkss. (EIROAD)
9 Tbe way he began the conversation look me by ,urprise, (CA""lT)
10 The children nsked me lots and lots of questions about m)' trip. (SOMBARD)
21 News
Politicical headlines
A
PM APRIL EI.ECJ'lON'

B MINISTER RESIGNS FROM OFFICE
G I ( lIL\R REGIME TOPI'Lfl)'
c
PARTY SECURES SLIM MAJORITyl
H 1.F.Fr t'KOCLAIMS VIL'TORy5
D
DECLARE
I
ARMY SEIZES POWER
E
HUMILIATING DEFEAT
J
!"IlESWENT DELIVERS KEY SPIT
I officially ,nno"",,", that an ekction will take pl aa
1 wins a "nnll majority
< ljournahstic) !!la de t o f.!11 (o! regime or
go\,cmmont)
1 publicly appear. to I" united , Ill.h, an ,,!Jici . l of vicrory
• (formal, journalisticl moles/givc<" speoch
News reports
The hove I""n carrY)ng: out " nationwide
for ll·year-old eh,;, 'fait, who has not be"n
,eon ,j,,,,c trouhk broke out on Saturday night at
the hDtd where ht wa, working. This evening they
annourlCed that the,· had found SOme .i,.1 clue, but
lho" arc CUTrcntly phn5 to calJ off tile
Following thc robbery of
ovet $lOIll from its main ciTr
branch, the bank has offered 0
suh"ilntial rcward to
providing information leo ding
1o the recovery of 1M
Management and thc trOllbJ. d Long5i<ie car faLtot)' have
lin.lly agre. d to ont.r into tolk, and hope,",c growing that they
",oy .<oon reach ab'llOLment. Th. di'pute am" >ome wttb "go wr.cn
managernent tried to introduce new working condilion<. Worke"
h.ve hel,1 demonslration, in the city Ln support of l.ong:sid. staff.
Managemtnt dcscribed th. situalion "a tesl of <lrength and union
attempt> to nogoli2te 0 Stttb",:nr- ha, .. 50 far proved 1\",,,,-,,e,,ful.
T lowev. r, an ind. l",n<iem orbitr ... t", h2' ac1cd os a go-belween' and
h., succccdcd in brokcring4 an ay""",em to talk.
TV chief, hav. bowed 10-' puhl," prc:;su<c ond hov. eUl..-ed into on agreement not to j
show ",cncs of f,Ull violence on prime-time" ttlev;,ion. They will hold a pres. cnn[. r.n<:t
lare! trxlay whtrc thcy will exphin their deci.ionlo ""po,", tI, ,, ,icgrcc ot cemors!Jip.
- --
, Slap ",.rching 'nove formal discussions in tbe hope of coming to an agreem. nt
, delive"d me<sages between people who were rdnctant or ,maille to ,peak to c"ch orh. r
< 'given in to • most tim. of day for watching TV
Exercises
21.1 The sontenc.s helow come from the .. th of the headliDos iD A,
\Vhidl headline II"", •• ach sentence go with? Two of the headlines are not med.
1 A military coup has takeu plac. in the islaud kingdom of Grammaria ond the country's
popular monarch now f"ces exile.
2 In I"'t Dight's vote, th. Governmem's Dew education bill was rejeered.
3 Paul Cox, minister iD charge of r.nancc, has that he wishes to 'p"nd more
time with hi, family.
4 Previous rifts br f\vee n rival miDi,te," would app"ar to have I",en healed.
5 The l,onservatiye, have in gaining 200 of the 39(1 ",ats.
6 The country will now I", going rn the polls than anticipated.
7 Widespread and well-orche,traUd rcbellions have achieyed their aim of overthrowing the
country's dictator.
8 The CDuntry has voted it II{) longer wishes to be r"led hy its 19th century colonise,".
21.2 Complete thi, new<!,"p'" item "'ith collocatiom from thc oppo,ite page. The fir" lette" are
to help you.
I." t Iligh! the CllltilTe \-lin, ,,,e, (1) d . a in whid\ .'.he P<OUH>C"
'0 try to (2) It.. on "" ,,. between tl;<, Governn",m ,rod tl", film iooc'try
with "'gam 10 d>e deci,io" lO 0) i. . ... .... ,!ric,"T C ".,, "" '" "'" '' ''' ''' '' OIl film, . Aher 'he
'I"'<oh, .... hioh wos bro"oco,( (4) on p t , lhe Mini,leT
(5) h. " 1"''' ' c. '" '" ''' '' ' , " "" .. . She pmmis.ed (0 appoint on independent
negotia(or (0 (6) "-. '''" (7) l' . -0.. , " " , " ,,;11 (h e hope
,0,01 ,r,e G"\'eIlIU,.,lI lIld the fiwl i1>d ", ,,,, w""i<J .. (8) T... . . "'.
21.3 each sent<nc< u,iug the word in brackers.
1 lhe I're,ident has finally agreed to the puhlic', demand to hold a rciercndun •. (r.oWH»
2 Early thi' morning the F..co-dom'xutic Party aDnounced ir had won r);., elenion. (VICTORY)
3 The pol;"e derenive di,eovered the due which led ro me stolen jewel< bring found. ("COWRY)
4 The will ""t ,top ""arching until the child has hocn fOUfKL (CALL)
5 W, were on when tn. recent political troubles ,tarted. ("Ron )
6 The polioe are .. arching the whole wuntry for the mis<ing boy. (CARRYJNG)
7 The rwn partie, will try to come to an agreement today. ISETIllMENT)
8 Tod" y tMusand, of srudenrs demonstrated again" me increase in fee<. (HE'-")
21.4 th. diiforonc. brew.en the , entence, in each pair.
1 The rally i, a test nf t he army', stTCngth.
n-.c "'Ily is a .how of r);., anny" Sfrength.
2 The police have found vital cllJes.
n-.c polioe found ,ignihcant clues.
3 The woman ha, nffered a ,mall reward for the return of her cat.
The wOman ha, offered a suhstantial ""ward Inr the return of her cat.
4 The politioian a passionate ' pocch.
'The poli tician ",ade a passionate ,,,,,ech.
5 The countrie, involved in th, dispute have al\re,d to enter into talks.
'lhe CDunrri" involved in the di' pute have into an ag""ement.
U .. . d;"iono.-r to fOld ex"" <010.:.00'" lor:
10 I>oid 0 . (0 hrok, a ,
22
Current affairs
The collocat;on. in this unil.'" lyp;c.lIy \lied in the now. ...
Current affairs in t he press
C<>Io.rRrl 10.", hOI ;,ouod.., _*,,,,' /or
Th. r",id,"t .. ",ooed • ".,,,,,,,,,, ,daunt
hi< dioonI.'oiy ,.,. _ .. nd.IIow<\ .... '0 ri", r-.,lth "fher "'hfl M « ;'io. lly ill
be «fu>e<I 10,_ On ""pInwioo
in I I'''''1t< oo.pital /<>Il""i<o£' ""'I;'" h .. rt
1m iii:! behmo ... nd rod.t1'''"'''' ..... d. Rq\O!l .. "pel .... 011 hi. wndillOn ,..;11 bt
_ bi< p'""".1ilo hM. b«.1 f'Db6s1,..!
f""I.idtd.
;m'r..omq-_.
'n.. ! .t:a<la-oflloc o,po.._ "- k !'11m;:
111<)"'" .... rk" _Inl pwtori u l ,,"' to ,toy In !hi>
toor\lry t.> Iw-ill !itt_lied " ..... nl 0(
M;", ,,,, of mioI<OIlio" rho oIoi:t ...... in hi, "".1",
wor, ,TId. f"'"o .. lllvo< t. II" vi ... l/IMIi\.,.
1"'01*.1"''''''''.'' 0" "'<.'IIIil.y. Ho M> <I<,"",ldod t>.fO"! gi""" 10 >toy.
('''' PM clorif.y hi> pa;1t*> willlWt "<by. n.: f'l,1' .
ofi;,,, d.&""" to <"'" .... ".
I (io"" .I) humbk 1 ,e/",.d
I Mnsilivc, infcrmAuo. ' whIch h""
n.. _ aI u.. __ u."", ot S" ...... , (Nlhl
b«n te"\'."leJ
"'" ' ......... ..t ... d_ .... '"n"" 1-. '"'....-• • (for .... l) """lioOl • (form. l) c()mplttdy dmiN
...... _ 01_ .......... .e 1IO.<IM""" ",n turtlloo.
• lro . .... I) :askiog po:nnission
1110 NII'. "' ,_ttlNIlIO II ..... Il:. "'nco- >!"in ..
"",",n f _ .... Ius lolly ,ejKI.., 1 <Ior_ "'" i' rMI'
1>0' _ bl ""'''''' itt jIOOit\oll.
Feeling!; and reactions in connection with current affairs
_ b ... """"
0_"
m"""",
.
Woo&u.w1,h 1 laloo hsuo with """'" pcOl'IU .....0. in <hoatrn wkh


The .,.... .. _ I<2hd Iht '<0<)' to tho ptei.

in 0t'4« <0 PIIlfe p<l1>IK "".ctlon,
.
. ><cite 'The 1nci<Mnt h .. .puul.tIon tJ,.t tho (Iormol) C1IU .. d I'I/I'I'II:>Un to
<""Pie IN)' boo about to divOrco. cirrulate
oir , grieV'HlCo WorI<eI'J"""" air"d their grlewanc.. to (Iormal) cornpIak1ecI
rtpe'.'''.I'oouc <t.e new,..,. "'uctu ... ,
.
-
odjfl<lM> .. """"
0_
-
-
• d ... ""1inz ¥Ci<c
When "a: .... CO "'" vote, IhM! ......... '" ""'"
(fonnaI) perIOOI..t.o
dinenll"'C _ice..
.. -
• ''OCiWoo. Our 10<01 vociferou. <>pp_nt of
><><neon< e>pp<> . ..
_
h",irIC I cuino in our dr, _ mmothing io<Jdly ond ptJbIidy
.
pus"",,-' e PI.", '" ex,,,,," the aiTpcrt went .hood .... >pit.o reqo"" made bee,u,", ohtroili
. M .... ty ,"treati • • 1"'l11lonl .... oIden ...

......... thinlo. the politi<i>" reoIy mum to on un....,., ..... 1 ,...,...rIc which
"" ... ....... the party - II _ jus' • should no< bo .. I<.on -">lKIy
t _ q c<>mrnenL
Exercises
22.1 CorreCllhe two collocation errors in . a<:h , . ntenee.
1 Thc committee, with disagreeing voic., voted to take a firm post on lhe iss\l •.
2 It wa, only a throwoff but it has thrilkd a lot of spccubtion.
3 As n.w evidence "ubmerg." of governm.m involvem. nt in the so:;andal, p',opk arC
beginning 10 q\lcstion the Primc Ministe,'s public pronunciations on lhe affaiL
4 The prine. refused blink·point to a detailing a<:CO\lnt of his action< that night,
S The )'{iniste, wa< accused of mi'laying th. dectorat. when he said that very few migrant
workers had bocen hamkd ka\'e to sT<ly in the country.
22.2 Look at A. Compkt •• och s.ntence "'ing word in bradm in tho approprial<" form.
1 The film "m,'s son waS arrcstcd for. . ... (ORDU)
2 The report.r asked the Minis ter to ,., .. , ... , .... ,., " .... ,., th" govcrnmcnt's po<ition on h.olth
service rdorm. (CHAR)
3 jury fd tthat tb. accused bad ocen lmable to pro\'i,k satisfactory
to why he had gon. to the house. (nxPL\!l-.· )
4 Thc C<Xlncil will issuc a _ _ ____ at t he close of thei, n-",.ting today. (,UTE)
5 She .. " " ... ".""".",,.,,' r. jecred the all.sation that ,be had a financial motive. (,u;r)
Anyone ",.king _ for re,idence he"" i, subj . Clto a s.t of
,randud ch. cb. (PEJ.wr)
7 "Ihe"" have ,.cemly been a nu[llber of damaging """ "" "" " ... ".,., in the pre'Ss about the
p<.llitician's affairs.
g Aft. r y.ars of sil.nce on the iSSfie in the press, arC now hopdul that the d.bot.
on ,,,, hool discipline will he _ _. (01'[10;)
22.3 Complete tm: second scntcncc using a colloca,ion from the opposite poge. Both ,.ntence,
should have the same meaning.
1 The "ing. ' has strongly ond publicl)' the war.
Tbc , ingcr ha,bcen a,
1 We carri . d out market r. s.uch to se. whetb. r the public would like om new
\Ve carri . d out mOlkct research to _ to our new car,
3 The rock star made an . motional , equest for the eartbq!1ah' victim.<, which 0
huge respOll"'.
The rock star's, _ . lor hdp for the earth'luah victims
produced a huge response.
4 The team will post accounts of their proW."' on thei, web<; t. every few days ,
The team will po,t ...... " .................. "'''''' "'''''''''" ..... 00 tkir progrcss on their websi t • .
5 The new<l.tter allow" to complain o!",nly about conditions.
Th" nnv"km" gi\'. ' 'taff the chane" to, _ _ _________________ publicly.
I the committee'" ,<taL'lCe on tbis matter.
I """"''''', ... "" ..... "''''''''''' " ... '.",, ...... with the commit!l"',, stanco on this
7 'lhe 'Jctor WOlLld nOf say anything abOlltth. accusation, that had b.en
The actoT _ on the tlJOt hod he.n
g doctors that th. film star wa, vny ill ind""d.
n., doctOr< t hot th. film was
9 The politician made a puhlic ,tatl'm.nt humbly rogn1ting hi, derogatory comm.1lt< obout
tb. town.
The politician issued all
about town.
for hi< com"",nlS
Cc&cation< in U •• Mv<",ced 49
23 Festivals and celebrations
Talking about festivals
Gold.;n API'I", W<I'<I'k
'($
U_9 hpI
Belir- FutAk FltUlIAi (18 Jutr)
Y'., t .... l'ili'!len ot HlIft<b:/
hold OIl "",",u, llestiv. l - ttl< VI ...
aftho Wden App"" H,rtsby. ,I In.
Thi, fun feslival falls On the third Saturday of
c<I1m of; th, "ilion, col, br.ltel< 1m.
July, and tho yil1' g< 'he of wild
t ",dilion, ",hk" dat., b.ck to tho Mill. Ago>,
m",k fOf rh, whol , d.1y. Tho festival oelebrates
"the i>egi'lllir>g of"W'i 5ept.,.,t:>e<, Tho rest",",
<"
hi"hday of Pac DIIVCY,

famo", loe,1
i, heWj to colobrot, th< ,pplo h""""t. Co"", on"
musiti. n. Thi, year\ <poci,] gu" " jndooe Ann,
join i. tho f.rtiviti. , .->r" .,1"",,,"1 'pplo,",
O'Kocffc (fJddlc) .M Ger Dow","' (gui'ar), who
)'O!! wont! Tic,et> £5 (chilii.-"" £2)
"ill uphold I tho annual tradition of playing at
rr,o h(>ll "" where Darvcy wa< !>om.
Fire .md Ught Festival (18 Dec)
I alw k"p up
It may be ....,t"" dark and cdd, buI too .... 1aqe 01 Taft .... . be In
, {ioumaii"iJlitcrory) very old
'estive mood "" Dece<rt>cr 1il1h. traditional <!rOM,
, also f. stival man..,
tho: of per'lonn dances around a hull" in
• mu.Uy ",fen to the time around the main $qua re, whic the m.m k""l' I.IP tlte all"-oId' tradition
Christm08 and New Yea< oIwa.rmg "''11'', bfightty-ooloorlKf hat. ond carrying lantern •.
The event.....-l<s" the bc<:Jinning 01 tho: le-'i ..... uason'.
Traditional festivities
Differmt religions often have monbl. l.a,lS] wbich dept:nd on th. pha.es of the moon.
'l1,ere i. a rich tradition of music arid dance in central Swcd. n.
Jan and blue, ar. part of the cultural beritage 01 the ,oUlhern United Stat ••.
E,-ery y.ar th. rowu pUl' on a fi .. work display as part of the festival.
We ha.'c a proud tradition of rai,ing fund, for charity throllgh Ollr anllllal tOWll festi,-al.
This month some of our .tud.nt. are ob.erving the fe<tivai of Ramadan.
In a break with lJ"adition this year's Il;stinl will featurc modem dance:; alongside traditional "' ''''_
I can refer to any arrangtmem, plan or appointment where the date i, flexible
A wedding celebration
Look 3t thi . 'pecch by th. b,,,t mall (usuaJly the brid. grO<Jm's best or old" t mal. frielld) at
a wedding. H. mix. , informal and formal collocation., which can have a humowu. effect.
'0 kmjl-R.ncling 1 u-aclitioo, 1 now hayc
'''''f ,11"", so h"e goes. J n, ver thOL>ght}m
1i,,, Il), d.cicl, d to ti. th< knot'. Y<Slerru),
he iLx)kcd c,lm and
t " now, I'd like '0
] )'our !lias""" To &ally
of wedd,d bli,,'!"
t which has existed for along time {informal) get rrutrried • (formal, m. d a. part of the
ceremony) ma"i ed ' abo m"ke a roaSt • (,,,uali), ,,,ed slightly humorousl),! happiness
through being married
i • .., u",oont<"tbl. "OOn wh< n it r<t. ", to. ,tyIo of clothi,,! tr<>dido""l d", .. ,
I'ornul d ..... ). Dot1't <>1 "",d(hol><!! dr .... " ,hi, woold ma.111 dr., .." lor 0""',
Exercises
23.1 Mmd, tbe beginning of each senten"" with its ending.
1 This year's Kational Day
1 Tn this region we h"ve a ricb
3 A group of performed
4 This year'. '"present' a hreal:
5 The tradition of ' inging d"res
6 The p""ple aro determined to uphold
7 The town fwlds its annual
8 Onr viliage has a proud tradition
a da,>ce from the region.
the tradition, despite oppositio".
festival in . pring.
50 of independence.
of giving lood 10 older villagers every new yeu .
with it will k held in Moy.
t,"ditioo of poetry, musi<: "nd d"nce.
back hundreds of years.
23.2 Correct. the collocation ClTo" in thc,e
1 All the men wore traditional d .. esses consisting of green jacke ts and white trollSers.
1 The festival make, the beginning of the Celti<: , "mmer.
3 The festi .. "1 is pHt of the region's culnlIal inberit.
4 Hundreds of people, locals and lOurist" join on the fe'tivitie,.
5 The of the Horse' drops On 30 March thi , year.
6 Everyone in tb. villag. was in (. ast mood a, the annnal celebrations began.
7 The average oge at which coupl es tie the strings i, rising.
H This region has " 'ipc tr"dition of lo[k singing and d"llCing.
9 Getting joined to matrimony is a ,ignificant reason for celebration.
10 The area i, famous for ob,erving a number of age-standing traditions .
23.3 Read th.,e remarh by different people. Th. n answer the questions.
Alicia:
Brona:
Monic.:
Erik:

Grandparents Day is a mo"able fea't, depending on when Easter foil •.
Every year we put on a display of t<aditiona! arts "nd ,,"ft,.
Now"d"ys, only oIdOl people ob .. r"e the Festival of the Dead.
The le'tive ,eason mually gets nnderway the middl e of Decemk r.
The harp is part of tbe cu[tur"[ heritag. of W"l. s.
1 Who is talking .bom the beginning of a period of celebration?
1 Who i. talking about something that reprc" nts the identity of a group of people?
3 Who is talking about something that happens on a diffor. nt day each year?
4 Who i. talking about something that not everyone
5 Who i. talking aoout people organi sing an exhi bition of , Om. sort?
23.4 An,wer the,. question, about weddings.
1 Does get hitched mean get (a) engaged (b) married (c) di,orced?
2 \Xlhat kind of happiness do married couplc, hope fo,?
3 What do bride and bridegroom ·tie' when they get married?
4 What is the maki ng toast and making a lOast?
5 \Vhat ImanS the nervou,n. " peopl e fed before th. y get married?
6 What formal expression i , used in tr., ceremony me"ning to D1"rry?
7 Why do people rai , e the" glasse,?
8 Aro the two expressions referred to in que,tions 1 ond 3 formal or informal?
up, thO[ i, in )'O'J' ,0""tO)' on the I"tornot. W"'t iolormlUOO in EntIi>l1 c. "
)'0" find . bout It! M>ke . note oI . nr intore>tins caloutio<1< in I<xt A P "
Advertisements and fashion
The languilge of advertisements
lojoy the ........
at OUr ".dW .. ....tIl .....
in London', Welt End.

will bring out the
nat ......... igtlligtrts
ill yaurhai,.
Interview with a fashion model
Rcpomr: Would that fashion hn. bct:n important
to you:
Ilclh: Wdl, , ;nee r wa. a child, I've lMed gJos"y
Jrl"Sa' ;ntl ' . looking a1 It.. 1'ltotOS an •• !lluling Ollt
who .. ', in lash.io .. ,
Reporter : And :u you g' ,w "p, did you buy label dot""'?
1Ieth: Oh, nol l could,,', " fford 'hem, "lid I WlIS an nally quite
happy wilh hi glo-st rC<:1 fa,hion', Rut I 1,. ... .:0.1 'ooking a'
b , hi .;", .nows on TV, •• pociall y when {'"ri, or Mila"
d.signers launched thei r new
Reporter: And tl OW arc olle . howino; 11 ! The new ,eawn',
100kJ and Ktli llR 1M t.end"!
lkth: ThaI'. foUl! can't quile bc.] ieve fl .
Repontr: Son wh"1 w. be ""'''ring . his
, 1\(1' lid of lines
• 1"" on weig'"
I (inform:al) fucr,"II
I>,,,·so:)'
Ikth: Well. ,here;I' of n ..... · IeiSUI'twt'3r hi' ,I" high
11'. b.u.ed on ,I.e .... «,<l lfcnd M: sa'" cominjt u,lt of
I think ii'S I\oinjt to be 3 populi. 100". it;' goi D<; 10 becoonfon ahle to
wear too.
Rq><>rt<'r: Th.t'. !:'JOd. So. have )'cJU e,'er I., Yolonelf !>e<:o,,,,, a ,'klUu·'
Both: Well, 1 admit I' ve worn .ome ,,,cruci_ti ngly uncomfortable sh<>e< itt the
past, $1) I'm happy 1:0 .hat fl at shoe. nre ddittiu ly hac!. in fnbi on!
I print • ...! I1 n hi gh quality papn'
with 1.' 1' of photO:! •• ,.! ad,,,. n
I dothe. houghl ;n ordimry "".Itc.
from oped,,1 f""hion
I !he new fa.ruon >lyk
• tilt' b shion
• bee.""" """'labl. in
per""" wh .. alw"Y$ fl.bion:l ble
clodl .. fiI:II if thq .... k" lhen!l.,...\.
. idicoloo .. Ol don,"';1 them
Exercises
14. f look at A. Add a word to to make the fangl1age typical of
1 These "itamins have to protect the body from winter viruses.
l Our ,n.d, cost only 24p.
3 Enjoy a weekend of luxury at tk High!.,,'" Health Hoter.
4 We manage a nj, mber "I restaurants in Pari. and New York.
S Ollr new shampoo wiJlsubtly hring (",t tk highlights in your h.ir.
6 Om lipotich come m • T>mg(' "f col"ur,.
7 We you wiff be impressed by the oeryic. pm"ici"d by .11 Om hotels.
8 Our new concealer will make the Jines around y"ur eyes di,appear.
14.2 Match the heginning of each sentence with its ending.
1 I don't o.lieve those ad, that claim their crenmS have anti·ageing
2 While working in Austria I .te so many lovely cakeo that 1 piled on the
3 Why not have a bowl of or a hanana if you' re feeling a bit
4 We guarantee that you will see inst.nt re, ults with our luxury hand
5 You ,honld use thi, shampoo to oun-datrulp, ed
6 Sometimes I wi sh it were ",ally possible to banish
7 The hotel all it< guests 'k to experience gracious
8 We were invited to a banquet, where they emertained uS in grand
9 At the airport ,he bought her,df a couple of glossy
10 Thi, part of town i< famo ns for its classy hotelo and exclusive
pecki'h.
hair.
wrinkles.
magazlll".
Slyle.
cteam.
restaurants.
properties.
pound,.
bving.
14.3 Complete this anicle from a fashion IIsing collocations from B. The first lemrs
are given to hdp you.
24.4
!J
A (1) r .... ... .. ............ 01 new SIlIl"OlW is aboo..ol kl (2) h. . ... _ . ::J
near you. Vibrant col","," are (3) b. .................. in t...r.ion.1!f'd ...... _-.0-._1 •• '1
<lesigns ., too c<>l .... 11ons (4) t . ................ last _ at the f'Iri.I 10<1",,.,,-......... _1Dr
SM\e !me. The Par ... dosigns instaflVy (5) s... . ... 1M _ ..... _ ...
and adopted for the mass market. SUch adap(at"""" Iur th\) (S) h. .... .................. ..... 1IINDn _ ....
fIOt carry designer (7) t ...... . .... .. .. .. but they III""" us al 10 -.u ..... .... -... . IIIIIIr. III!
are OOllIider\t thaI this wi l be a hu\IeIy (9) p. . boO: &t It ..... , oed .... .... _
elegance in mind. So there's r·o nl'>ed to be a fashlor1 (10) v... . ........... "'* . 11"WI
Find collocations for each word. One io in thi s uair. Usc a diCf:iOIJary Of" online corpns
(sec Uoit 4) to lind two more.
:llXury /.: ... ........ ........ .. .
\
2 .... .
.. . .
4 /
unrivalled \
5 / .... ... ... ..... .. .. .. .
la",>o;:h a\: ..
Traffic and driving
Trnffic problems
T"irLC!.... b.,,,,,
"",crtly din"f'Wd'
on to. MSl

< ,
If """Ie of
.. q ,11. N17 ,10;"
__ in", T,.fnc
.. ... iED\; bock'
",-er ,,.., I:ilon",,,. ,,
foJlnwillg'11 "ccitkm
no", junc';oL1 14. I\>l i'"
"Y "ollie;, huilding np
On all avproach 'oad,
and is not eXp"c"d to
0"'0 off" Juring tho
,1>r .. hour>.
I p,",'enteJ from c",, 'i nning a, ",ual
l maJ<: to t.ke a Jifferent ",me
to '11 acc;,i<nt.
Currently.1I ,uHie
;, di .... n<J'
through the "ill.go
of OXIDO. Idorm; ""
are advi sed to ay()id
the os h.ayy
traffic j , expccroo on
many ,id. road, for
the ,.st of the day.
Su dium or ... -lb. ho,vy tr.fli.c
, ".ry close
is ft<1t ", dio dnwn' (il]
,,,uund Wpm. St) wol' 0, 9cl.
tn the match if you w, n' to
gmi,,!\ ""ck in tr . ffic.
• gradually lJ.ccome bs
, forming ' long qUl'Ue
, gradually Ix:come kss
(simil ., to die down)
Learning to drive
Nina,
I'm to 00'"' at last! Al ile jctJs I want req..te a
i nlid' drivi"9 110 rw no cI'oice, rm hopng
I to lake my driving le. 1 in 000uI four rTYlIl lhs' l illi!,
I OOt the last IeSSOll didn't go 100 wei , I'm fmng
real to' hard \:) Getting into reverst
i. poarticuOnly hard and I coo sen,., my iIlsID:tor
mnng w\lenever I grind the gears'. Perhapii I
: stnJid have opted \:) learn 00 an automatic
, ..
o

fi
Mudl better \:) learn on a manual cat - then you
coo drr.e anytt'i ng after yoor test OrNing lests orE
! ilWfLl, I remember rn ne when I carne to tlie UK and
; needed a current UK Woence. The l eWd
, me t> bear left' at a ;.mctbo.rod I went right! I'd
, never <iiVM a rlght-hand-<frlvt car beloce.
: I had to remember to keep 10 lhe left instead of \:)
I wa! a nightmilie. ____ . ___ _
I currently 1\1 US' or acccptable l chango goar touJ>bly and nOISIly 1 change direction slighTly
rowa "d. d .. left
A new kind oftr21nsport
A bike
Il has been h:liled :IS d", first moJ<>r ..
ill hicycle oc,i "" ror i )'c=. Tb" Sicle'."y, lJiJle
110s a s".,,,ble wheel wnh • .et of ho...n.""", ..
, ithor cm!. 1b< c)'di" , it<
a wheel witll "",,11 hand. Ho"",,,·e,. "JJILO 1""'1'10
"',n', like the foci til", lb. Ii""', doe,,,', t.,.., m.
Ir.llic. lw is \.h::ol iI',
mme maI1oou,'mhlc th,n , u-.,,,,n tio,, ai hil:.<. Ih
like SIl"wlxlflfding bee' Ll S< )'ou'",
sideways, That "[fOld, roo ,,,_,,,,,nc\oao; .. -'" .
lhuugh it will '''''''' win you toc Tnm de I',,",,co'
Exercises
25.1 Chome the Correct collocation.
J After the accident the traffIC failed I tailed I held b"ck for more than five mile_.
2 The traffIC didn't die back I up I down until long after the rock
3 Tr"ffic i, being disrupted I dispensed I diverted OntO lUSH [",cau,," uf an "ccidem on
the M73 motorway.
4 The traffic smrts rising up I building up I mrusing up in tnc city centre around 4prn.
5 When the lorry broh down, traffic was severely disrupted I I disturbed for
senral hour_.
6 When yuu come into lhe town, hold I maintain I keep to the left, then bear I drive I hold
left at the first roundabout.
25.2 Replace the underlined pan of each ,entence ming a mUoaotion n-om the opposite page
with the oppo,ite meaning.
1 There wa.ligbt twflk 00 the motorway at the tUne of the (give two answers)
2 Tbe traffic bul!t.m> after the match ov ... (give twO an.wers)
3 I have an outdated dri"jGi licence. (gi "e two answers)
4 Brief delays arc eXp"cted on aU route_ of <lart of the holiday weekend.
S .B!:u..tig!u atlhe [lext junction.
6 I much prder to dnvc an a"wmatk,c;u.
7 I don't know how he manages to change smoothlv like that.
8 Hi, invention wa_ said to a mjnor deydopment in aeronautics.
25.3 Complete each ,entence using a word from the opposite
1 I alway. find it difficult in thi , car to into _ _ __ ,_, .. ,, "" , , ,when I ,,"ed, for
namp[e,1O back into a space.
2 Th. handlebars On my bih got twisted in the - I'm going 10 h""e 10 get a n. w
3 s.,ing able 10 get [hrough rush hour traffic quickly i, the hy _ _ ______ ____ ____ _ . of
travelling by bih .
4 Electric cars were hailed as a major . '''''" .. ,'' ,,, .. in automotive engineering.
S In an automatic c", you don't need 10 . __ gear manually.
6 The policeman pointed out that my licence W" ' no longor, , , , ,,, ....................... _ it expired
la't week.
7 I . ____________ -.. __ -. .... my driving te_t three time, before I passed it.
8 The i, alway_ particularly __ " .... " .. on the main road corning into town
in the rush bour.
25.4 Rewrite the undcriin.d part of each ming the word in in the
appropriate form.
1 I was in a Car wjtb tbe sterr;ng·wheel 00 tbe right. (HANn)
2 Crab, are one of the few creatures that dlLllo(JIlyve io a forward:; dj rection.
3 I took the examj natjon to b!:<;ome a qual"fied driver in 1999. (T"ST)
4 The jet engine was soon IJnder'tood l!l Ix: i! miljor in aircraft de,ign. (HAH.)
S :ehe manu"l c"" i, that there i, les, that can go wrong with them. (KEY)
6 werc being delayed at the airport fll[ ho",-,; b,,"use of the fog. (LENGTHY)
7 were major t[l!ffic problem' on the ring road thi, morning. (".weRE)
S I got beld up bv a (rilffi.o;jlill on my way to tbe airport. (sT1J(x)
9 Ik carcful and always be aware of the traffic tbilt it.cQrnjm: toward! you. (COME)
26
Travel and adventure
An exciting trip
Read Catherine's of her trip to Soulh America.
"(I a thirst for .dvenlllre and of"" gd itch), feet ,a I
(!)\lId hardly contain my excitement whw I "I off for South America
'0( After a 12-hour flight to sao Paulo, Brazil, I had a'lOther
I""'!; nigh. to Man.u, in the Amazon. The" I went by b\ls to a ,mall e, town. It was.
tterr arduou<' journey. I have broken the journey> somewhere but I did it. 1I ill
go. [ime, I'll have a 'topover,l in Silo have a hit of a rest .nd do
there beiore tr .. vdling On.
Mtc, two fantastic weeks in the Amazo[\ 1 got • flight on a low-cost airlin. In lti"
4, Janeiro. ! then to gel a /light [0 Pen., bUl they were 1,111, so the)' put me on
"I/ldby', Luckily I go< • On the /light I ","nr-d.
Per" J went trekking i[\ lhe IIndes a group. The guide took us off the bea!e ..
1r3d [ kit like an intropid
5
explorer [rom a[\O[her in ,ome unoxplorN
wild.mos,. "Ibete nal ,en,c of advontme. One we actually gO{ hopdc .. lr Ill",
II w •• gelling dark and w. were afraid They'J have to ,end out a search le> I""k
1M nut then we met smne loc.l. whe> ,'cry iricndly and helped", gO[ bad: <;n
,<> our It was a great trip.
I difficult, tiring, ne.ding 1m of effort ' 'topped for a short tim. 'ha YO a brief
overnight stay in a place when on a long journey '0 wmewhe,. else, usually by air
< m.dt mC w,i, tu ,cc if a seat !>.came av.il.bl. ! brave, no fe" of dangerous ,itllations
Art icles about travel adventures
NOTe the collocations in th ... brief item, about llavel adventures.
S<lm. looged-for sun"y .peUs hove boosl'-"ll the spirit.' of three Briti,h hoping to set"
polar trel<i"g record. The wOmen hoye fil<'-"Il .eve,e weati1er u>ndition< <ince setting off to walk
to the North Petle 18 do,!, ago. However, toe base comp manoger <aid 'he iJad <poken to
them by ,atellite jlhane and nad been relieved to repOrt the weather was ,unny aTid
their spirit. were higi1'.
Lendon to ToOgier Whilst thi< joortle'j' may tlOt (Om p;lre in term, of she", epic growden,
to some or the great Americ"" trilin jou",,,,!,, it doe< nave a charm of its Own. It may
not be cheau but if you keep eye. pe.!ed·
1
, you can fi TId some ,urpri<ingiy geed deal<. If your
budget d""sn't Quite .I,etch to' a sleeping compartment. you con alwoY' ju<t curl np in your
for the n;ght. let the motioo and the duLl rumble, of the t",in lull you to deep. Ttle
leg of the jOllfnty give< you very little indication of l'ot1at lie,; ahead.
I m,de feel more cheerful 'they were in a posi!;,'e mood J (infonnal) keep your eye< open
< rou can'l afford
Exercises
26.1 Compicte the,e de,eriptiom of TV u,ing 3 word from the box.
1
'igtm
John Howes presems e' <ential
forthose cHthe ..
track. Zou," doe> tr..-
... . ofN .......
..
... 1t1f1 f. ",j Mti ng fi lm, give. u, " 5
picll.lre of the la rgely
'M1dHT1." of tr.. K"," Kum Deser\.

Like a(n) ...
of nineteenth century, Jam ••
\roVO' II . d with ooly lWO (OIl1 p.o niom.
trokking
I it i t
jungles
26.2 Chome lhe correct colloc2tions.
26.3
26.4

"
crMIure •. \lie WOO> I
[
" !::.;::

got (10) hopckssly / _sly /
out a search (11) grOOfJ I party I
tile Gob; Desert "'" be
IJ.J! I ""n '1"' " th.">l
01 its owt'1 .
Rewrite each sentence using the word in bracket •.
1 At th. beginning th. journey was ,traightforward.
2 I couldn't afford to tmvel fir't cia". (STRETCH)
3 After arriv. d at our ba,. eamp we felt ch""rfuL (1I00H'-")
4 Th.re will be of .<un,hi ne in most areaS today. (IPfLLS)
5 We luoh Our journey to Australia in Singapore. (STOPOVH.)
6 Jack ha, always long. d to have adventures. (TH[R,T)
7 Grandmother; s very cheerful tuday. (wnurs)
R The IDuv. ment of the , hip helped me to fall asleep. (l llLWl)
Use a dictionary or onIill < corpus (s"" Unit 4) In find two more collocatiom for th.,.e word,_
1 arduous 2 wilderness 3 uncharted
27
Sport
Emails about a sports camp
_== ==0
Hi Greg,
How are 1I1 1"igs 'Mth )'OO? I'm hailing a great time here at this sports camp in New Zeatafld. I'm t<lking !he
opportllllily kl do' SWOllOi e:<tr. me SjlQrts Iile whi\l>-waler raftiog and ru;k climbing. At llie wookend we W<!!lt
to 100 lllOUIl!ains and I'"" . cquired qJite a taste 1m2 SilOWboardiog. I l much at Irst -I ((Old really
hard to keep my But my ilslruclor said she Sl.fe I'd gi l the hang of it' in a of Mi.Io> I
there was preciou.little charlCe' of lIlat happening 1).11 1 docided to take up the challenge aoJ , s,.-e
ertOl.9h, I mastered l. I thoo.Jght I was pretty m' but rm reeOy to push myself to the Iimits6 to be a!JIe
to cope. I'm so shattered at night n",t takes me atxxI two secoods 10 fal into a deep "hrop. Anyway,
, the tireOOess, I'm h.v;ng " whole of" time' . flope you are 100.
i PWppe
I Nor.....J.e s fa irly fit
, h 'gun to enjoy • ccn,i<ie.abl, effort
I (inform .. l) b<corne ahle to do something , (informal) baving a fantastk time
• (informal) very littl e ch3nce
It 5OUI1ds Ike )'OIJ are llaviIIg a farias!;; rd jump at the ch."ce
8
ro try oot some 01 tM e sports. The
ooIy sport rm doing at the I1'I<lIreI1t is I1JOI\Ilg 11K lIle bus. Bull am shalirlg yoo: exhaustion. We're so oosy at
wort that I ca11 summon up the energy 10 do anytl"i rlg in fJe eveni rlgS ro keep in shape".

• (informal) like to do <cm"bing • Stay in good physic. 1 cooouion
Sports news
""reo on t he hour, every hour.
The mood 3mongst ,he crowd
ruch.d ( .. or pitch' a.
!:>etwcen India and hkl" ...
In ,he laS[ low mjll",e, of ,he g. _
Kh.n played a blinder' Jnd S""urN
a convincins for Pakisu ft.
.. brilliantly, usually in sport
Match reports
.... b IOl()
'. .r..-
,
.... . ....... N

.ill! til",., pbre" b. ill g yellow
eM.< , nd 'lOme controve,,; , ! free
kkll . The!:ll"'" was la,t ,.-h"" t he
8Iut. ,,".-..I an C>Wn go. l' in the l3St
\01'(> The crowd went wild ' .
• went on the piu:h '.cored ; in "nor thd r own !. am ' beean..., crazy with
(can al,o he used for o,her emotion" ."ch a< rage)
I
li""" to , ,,,,,,,,,,ntlr;o, io Enfi, h <0 > "PO'"t t hot int"'"«")"' u . nd f., d . ""b, it.
drdi c .. N to th .. Not< down . ny coO",. """, .\>00, ,ho" ' PO" t"t yoo t"IOtico bo01,
fr< qL><ntiy u,oO.You m.,. fond t hi> w<ob, ito
Exercises
27.1 Look at A. Choo,e the corrcet collocation.
1 I'm finding it hard to summon up I acquire I reach the energy to do an)'Thing mnch in the
evening' these da
2 'lave you evn tried "ny fell er I srorts?
3 I didn' t realise how difficult the marathon wOlLld be when' originally took I had I gOlnp
the
4 'don'r think I coukl ever acquire I educate I achieve a taste for bungee jumping.
5 I'd I iump I take at the chance of a trip to Venice if' were offered one!
6 It won't take you Ion!; to!;et the balance I taste I hang of cross-country sbing as you're
sueh an experienced downhill <kier.
27.2 Complete e""h <entenee "'ing a wOTd from pagc oppositc.
t Don't "'''''''''''''''''''''''''' yoursd ! to tk limits now. Conserve , orne strength for later on.
2 I'm having a __ . ___ ___ ___ __ ____ _ of a time how to surf, though I find it almost
impo88ible to , , .. ,, "'"'''' '''' '''' '' '' my bal"nce.
3 There', preciou, little " ............ .. .... .. , .. , .. of your getting her to go for a long walk today.
4 I've just heard the :\Core" winnin8 fewr
5 The score in the rugby currently
______ ___ at 27 to 5 and look< set
to win a conyinclllg_ """ "" " , .
6 You mnsl try harder to keep in . , ___ Ol'er the winter. You could walk to work
instead of going by bus, for exampk .
7 Jofm was given a yellow """ " .. """."""." .. for performing all illegal tackk 00 an
opponent.
S The captain look thc frec "' "'' '''''' "" '" "" ' ''' and it reached Jobbs, who ill stamly scored.
9 fortunately for Wales, Scotland . _ p"nalty thatlhey ,,'ere
during the malch.
1. 0 When thc hc"dtcacher oifered a prize to the pupils who built the best raft over the
hoJi<l ays, children from ",'ery decided lO u ke the ,,_
27.] Rewrite e""h ,entenee ming 1M word in brachts.
1 I'd lo\'c to meet Johnny Depp, wouldn't you!
2 The spectators stood aud clapp"d as the leams went orl to the pitch. (TOOK)
3 You should only allernpt thi. climb if you have a reasonable level
4 The crowd was extremely excited at the end of the match. (WILD)
5 We very much enjoyed our time in !luSlr,,)i., (W'HMY. )
'decided to oc hrave aD<1 start my own business.
7 The little boy soon learnt how 10 ride his bike wilhom Stabli,crs, ( .. AN<O )
8 The captain fdt dreadful when he i:i£ked the ball into hi s own (OWN)
27.4 Complete each , entence u<ing the word in brackets in the form,
1 I get the ______ _____________ _ football through to my mobile. (UTI)
2 The hom. team won a . victory. (CONV' ''' ,.)
3 Our team put up an excell ent _ , (rEl\fQl<.M)
4 It look some time beior. our team succeeded in breal<ing through the Reds'
and scoriog our first (D"""N[})
-" 1' " team helped to wi n tf.: g" m. by pl"ying a. """"""", .. .. "."." ..... .
28 Plans and decisions
Decisions and solutions
IJa", lIrukaw, head of a company m"king garden furniture, j, announcing TO his
",nior ' taff pl3II' j, making 10 move lh. busin." exclusively W lh. Internet.
A, Y't>U know, for "line 'ime nOW we've ""ell toying' with d", of
lfan!krring all our blL,in." to Iy S"j." a, , long-tttm s.oIlIlioo to th.: p<tlhicm of
find i<>g: good "'tail ""tk-IS, YGU'I! ,",nemb. , at Ih, I"" team lIl<' ering Rob unv. iled'
phn to mo,. the lin. to the w.b in pha,. , ovn" nine months_ And Philippa did a lln:O!
job dnmuning up ,upport
J
lor the move lhe _,ai.s anJ mark.t;ng peopl e_ Since rha>,
as )'()U al , o koow, w,'" •. had a &light chanb'" of plan, and, acting on a suggostion' I,,,,,, the
l"!;i,'lb t""n, we've now deci<kd rlIt''''' shoukl happen over 12 months. In or&,
impk.nellr' ,ud a plan, we ".,0<1 to draw "1' a ,eheduk and stick t"G that schedul •.
So I'd like lQ a tentativo 'uggeslion!. lkefore we launch the ,cherne, I ,hink we .,houI J
invi" [he weh ,J."igllCrs to come here tnke us through the process lrom their side. Thal
will give 'IS the "p(>Ortunit)' lQ curci,e greaRr control over thing<. I don't Ihink we , llQllhi
;'''1 leave everything to their disc ... :ti(>n8. I'm jll't aware of h",v il's !'Ioing to he to
""' ... e'"<n' before we commit 100% to the Imernet.
pmPQ.<t '" end our T{.I"tionship with the garden whore we <:m{Coti), se ll. We've
, ead>od thi, <leasi"" aft" aareiul consiJ,,"tion. We do bel;'ve thal reali ..... iaally iI', th..., onlr
opIi.on "P'''' to lI •. The deciding WOS losing our - d .. Grttnway
,ha", . Am. that, had n" choice.
I con,idering, hut not in a focused way 2 showed I trulde known lot- the firM: lime
, increasing support for ,omethin¥ < doing .olllething" • r"wt of, ,ugg",ion
, put into operation 'keep to 0 ,uAA"'tiun thaI you ,,., not sure will he accepted
• Jean everything to thoir judgement 'consider ,II pos.'>ihl" , ituatinn, ,nd difficult;.,
Making plans
Note the collocati"", in [hi •• peech at tl", s"'rt of an annual youth ,"mmi!.
Coo.l rnornins, and welmflle to o"r "ll'lmil, the JlCit of what pl:l.ll
. S an annu,l event! I have w'iting f"r this da)' ",ith "age", anticipation'
to, • long time. We up with the idea five ye,r.' ago and prepar3ti"ns ,,00,;;;;;;;;IIJ
been underwayl ever since. "'a , a amolll1l of .. ary
10 do, of b. lore our 'prm'Of< were able to roach thc .upport u •. l\ul
lhoen we .,.,'e", tu t\"" OUI attention to how best to put "," id01' i,"o
I feding of wcat c"citement about ,omething that is going to hap>"," 1 happening
, work d"nc in prcp"3tiun
Rejecting plans
5iJ!IlCun. may declare outright Oppo<ilion '" outright hostility to a plan. [. a), they are
completely A pl"n , ejened oUi of hand. It''tally Thu,e
",110 do '1<)1 like a plan or p;'ce of work may offer con,tructive [nirici,m which i,
useful and intended to help "r impHlVcl
Note til ...... CO<ne to or arri_ at . <o""lu.''", NOT __ • eo<>clLl>ion.
Exercises
28.1 tk t";o parts of tb.s. collocations.
1 um'.il every eventuality
,
stick ID a lot of support
.,
make something a reality
4 l.ave it a schedul e
,
drum a plan
6 COv.r ID someoDe', discretion
28.2 Compl ete each com'ersation to make B agree with what A says.
1 A: T thi n\; wc ,hOll!d do what Hilary is proposing.
B: Ye, .l think we should definitely _ her
2 A: We need to tiroctable lor what needs to be dODe.
Il' Yes. we need to draw , .. ,., .... ,,, ........ , .... schednle.
3 A: We need a lot of di,<c ussion helore we put scheme into operation.
1l : Yes, we need a couple of meeting' b.fore we can implement the. ..,, __ ______ ____ ,
4 A: We need to be abl e to have more influence over what's
B: I We nlust """ .. ,'" greater control over things.
S A: It's not an answer to the problem that will <olve it
B: I agree. It·, not a _ _ solut")n.
6 A: We don't really havc thM choice.
R, I agree. That .. "",, .................. ,i< not open to us,
28.3 Complete . ach ,."ten"" n<ing word from the hox.
%,",,<mdwork OUtrigM
1 Ait" careful .... ,,, ............ ........ ,' we decided not to ,ell the husiness.
2 We'll do tb. _ .. " and then .. "" ... ".,, """' '''' ''' the scbeme in May.
3 I was ver), shochd to encounter .nch " ... "." ..... "." ..... ,,_ hostility to my plan.
4 Moncr is alway, the deciding in business decision"
5 It only .. "" .. , .. " not a final decision.
6 Theres [,(:Cf1 a slight .. ......... " ... " .... of plan, I'm afuid.
28.4 O'>rrc-ct the collocation . rrors in those .. 11I.nc.,.
1 Final preparations for the mu<ic now undergo",".
2 I was very upSCt when thcy rejected my snggestion, out of foot.
3 The company came 011 with the idea of ellcouragillg CuStomers to rccycle paokaging.
4 I don' t think you will filld it casy to get your ickas into practice.
S hi, offright opposition to the plan.
6 Constructed criticis,,, i. alway, wdcowe, but negative criticism i< not.
28.5 Compk-te the word pozzle.
ACTOSS
1 It'.' dirficult to put idea imo -.
o.-,wn
1 There', l,.en chang. of -_ .
1 We to - a d.ci,ion today.
3 He alway, leav .. me to - the for Ou r holiday, .
4 We should _ on this sngg.,tion at ODC •.
5 r tcud to - with all idea l,.fore a decision_
6 Tbe kid, lull of
,
"
-
-
,
-

,
I
-

r-
r-
r-

Film and book reviews
No", the colloo n iom in rh""" review. of . he.u"", film from differelll " "bhallions.
Qu. lity
, ,
in lIIe I
. ,
I; And tho.:
, " brue and thing to <b
l'cpul". (tabloid) ' ''wspap.. ..
(formal) compleTe profess.!",,,]
..
i" LariSS<i mun II IM11 been out of ttlei,
mind. An diusl e.'. strongly
Influenced
J
by Ihe very worst kind of
Hollywood The only good
cinema 1
... lnQ $creer;tJ or rhe _
that I would highly recommend' ... i f you
ean be,,, the suspense7]
• loral disas' et or infl utoced, but NOT influenced
• recommend Ii al.., p<»sible 1 em . .. lId , be
En' c" "i .. m ... '
*******
I u, tJal ly think hlghl, 01 Ha n, on', fil m. but Ihl' one. baSfll 00 a ,..",.. 1 by Slevan Gorsky, is
• dismal In .pll e of ell-sUr <nt ,l he IiI m)u, t dldn', hold my thE way the
book did I WIll , ccl!ege !lucien! when I read It. bUi II IYIiIdf • l"'ling impr.,sion
l
on mf. 1t fired
my imagination more V- bool ever done. and ;owake-ned my Russia
,ro 1M 1931h .., much Ih" my pooJ ok! bookihefvEos aoe 9'O"ning with booh 00 Rmslan hi<lory!
The I<l i\ed !O "Nil!' the 01 LenilllJlOld In lhe 1910s whil:h the
book '10 suc:oes.sfulfy
*******
• \'(1. c, n al,o "y an iJldclibl..: lmp"",,"on, meaning one ' ' \00 evoke ..... al mo' phctc
Somto,,, con ....... 1 < ..... iderro .. ", ........ 1allo n or 1 ' OopOJ, Itloo, bon NOT .
hop ' ...... .,;01
1
.
Exercises
29,1 Complete the review using wocds from the opposile pag. , The firsllener is given to hdp you,
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Th. r. cently film, UXiO Nights, doe, no, hall<' a (1) , __ ,. ____________ ca"
but i1 will net loil to moke ;> (2) 1_ .... ,., irnpre .. ion with its stiJrtlir>g
(3)0." . __ and i1,dauling (4)d __ e/n. wtolent_
km lilIyden i, «"I in the (5) r""""", " .. " .. " .......... ," of Tim Alexon, • m,n
01 principle, trying to "",k. woy in 1he world of big bu,ines,. It i,
lirst appeara""e on tr.e big w een, but he ,r.ow> hi mself 0' on
excePIional1y (6)"__ _ ____ __ octOI' pl . yir>g the little man <ought
lIP in on intriguing and at time> t .... nlying (7) ___ ______________ __ 0/
eVffiB_ The u,e 0/ lI1known 3(10" wa,,, bold (3) e"
but ill,.ned cut to be (9) L _______________ __ _ _ <lKcemul. 1,000 Night.
will (10) L __ ,r.e imagiMtien of ""en lhe me,t ,ynical
0/ .iewe ,,_
29,2 Cross out the option which cannot he used ill each s<mence,
1 A((a Repina ha, a high I considerable! wdl-de.erved reputation as a character actor.
2 The al/-tlar I star-Mudded! starrmg cast is set to make the fi(m a box-oflie. ,occess.
3 My cousin highly f spectacularly J thoroughly recommended the plny_
4 Th. plot i, bas. d on an t eries! burM! chain of ev. nt, that hapP"Md in
New York in the early 18005.
S Th. smge ,et. obviously strongly! highly! heavily influenc. d by the work of the
,urreah,t 2rtist, Snlvadm Dali.
6 The film mad. a(n) consummate J /a,ting I indelible impre_'sion on TTlC_
7 The author evoked I created J wrote a magical atmosph. re. '
29.3 each Sentence using a word &om the oppo,ite page.
1 I admire that producer M.:ause he is such a consummate _
2 We all to reel nervOuS as the ,u'p"n, e bllilt
3 AU that writer's boob hav. received glowing... . ___ __ _______ .
4 The c.ncral character'.. set off an chain of
S To my mind the play i, an unmitigated """.""""""""" ..... ",,.
6 Mnking a film la'ting six hours was quite a bold . _________ ___ _______ .
7 I'm afraid the uovel didn't rea1lr succeed in holding my .. ..... ...... .
8 I couldn't watch the film at th. most exciting paim -I ju,t couldn't kar the
29.4 tM fo((owing:
1 a CD thar has be. n recently rel. a,ed.
2 a fi(m director whom yon think highly of.
3 a l1(m that has recently b •• " sp. ctacu(arly successfnL
4 a book that ha, awah ned yonr interest in n differem place or p"riod of hi,tory.
29.5 Two of tM colloc2tions on the opposite page are strongly negative way. of ,aying that
something did uot ,ucceed. Which art they?
Enpsh CoIlocatio", in Us. Advanced 63
30 Regulations and authority
Health and safety regulations
o...v oolle",.."
A.' you "'" p,ubooly aware, It>.: eovernmenl has !",ssed r><w I .... ", !allll{: to he-11th aJld
solely in 11>< wo<kpiace. The .. new R;:-loOO .. ha" boen jutruh.rtd 1 (0 pron d"", 10
workplace., "'1m, 1M C,,""lry and en,"", IIW ad""'" to .Induw.
The enclosed glliOO detail, rhe }OU need to takc in order 10 with the,. "",",' 1."5. All
employ"" to corry 0111 a risk a ..... Failure In do >0 willie". u, in
h"""cJ. at [he 1"",1. The purpose of II,. risk ",,"ssment i, (0 miui"'e" daolil"r to employee,
also to mal:;" il easi. ,. fGr employers 10 ",l;"fy th" ..... luir."'e])!' of Ule ""gulat""".
All ocpa'tme"' he"", hue obligation [0 road (he inf(H"malio" in tho c"rof"ny. Pie""" do '0,
a,><l ifyO<.L have .n)' furth ... '1"""'[0"". r will Itt lIoppy to on,we, [110m
-- ..." ........ lWcIy Of"-
I also brougbt in ) an '''''IT"", tn identify and as,"ss risks ' (formal) br<aklog tht law
We "'1 We could no< :on or W. coold not ..... 'h an
NOT V'k could no< _ or W. could ""t fic.d on
Planning permission
If you wish to build, ,a)" an extens ion to yom h()U,e, it i, to seok
pormi"ion
1
to do so. If ynur plan i< apptoved, thon )'ou will be grallled permission'
to build. But it i, becoming more difficult to obtain permission
4
a, the government ha<
inttoduced new kgi,lation wbich has tightened control<l. It can takc qui," some time after
putting in an application EM p'nni,sion to Ix given. Thj, js b.cau,e the planning officer<
have tn cnsure that YG'lr plan' do not infringe the regularion,6 tdating to builJing in your
.rca.
Be wary of treating lht planning Gfficors a, facck .. buroancrat,'; they in a position nE
mnsidtrahl . authority, though ,orne of them art more VigMOUS ex.rcising authority'
than other •. Some willI", prepared to cut through tk reoJ for you, whereas others
might .. em tn b. doing everhing the)' can to block your plans, t <p'cially if tht y think you
arc trying to flout the rule,' .
I NOT"",,, ",,"entia!
2 (formal) for p"rmi,.'>icn
J (formal! givtu p<rmission
4 (fom,.ll r<cei,'e permission
, made tho mi., tougher
• (forma!) h"ak the rule"
1 mod a> an insult ro official" 'Ulllle"in!; that they lock ch.r.a"
" (Inrm.l) ",ing that authority
• quickly aDd dlu;tively with bU".UCf.tK: proctdur.,
10 (formal) im. ntionally ",eak tI", rule,
.0 '\'(lid u'ing ttl<m in
Exercises
30.1 Complete these collocations from A using a word from the box.
1 .... regulrw'ent' S >In,wlaw
.d .. ", . rri",
2 ... an "bligati"n 6 ........ ..... ......... in regulatiolls
brinz corry
3 .... . at an ag",ell"'nt 7 to ,tandards
oxormo
"'"
4 . . .. . e)ut " ri,k aSS""'IJlt'nt 8 .... .. ....... ... ....... "uth"rity
,.,

30.2 Rewrite the pan of each sentence !() make it more formal.
1 You will be pUlli,hed if ),ou continu. to the rul. s.
2 All Our si8ttr organi,ation, illd!() the 'IOndard, in the C""le "f Practice.
3 W. asked for permi"io" te) build on a field ne:rt te) our hou,e and Se)me time w.
were ii.Yrn that permission.
4 It is important that "Il citizen, ,hould do what the law lays they should do.
5 If yuur bu,inC<8 doe,n't l!!!:I:t the kgal rcquirc'T11cnr;,),(}\l rna)' filKl)'ourscll pmsc"uttd fOT
bU'akjng company law.
30.3 Complete this leiter of complaint using words from th. opp",i[e page.
alIo\ll tile bdla"iou, of OIl!" I""," cOII""i] wt.o.. Lt, ",.,,_ .. _
u [0 (2) ............ ........... I .. ,iodionIioom
"L . 11 thoy hove rio"" i ,
lL L n-.oy h,a""
'-' to bo no boner than their predecessors, .. . b",eouc,..t<, all of tbon •.
.•. "". 111<.5< doc;sion - to (6j ...... ... ..... ....... ..... .. J pl.n to build J multi·milHon ro"w oIfi""
1> on _"'OIUI" Jisg""< r
3004 Complete the word puzzle_
Aero ..
30.5
!II
1 The had friends in high place, and got away
with flaming the - for several ye.rs.
2 It is hard to fin d 8tnff who _ LXlr T"C'luiTCments.
3 Extreme sports are risky, bm we do all
we can to minimise [h. - IL) parlicipanl8.
4 T chose not 1<) _ my authority and impose
a pnnishmem as it was a ,peci.l holiday.
S It is • bsol"tcly - that we do not pm sraff at risk.
6 By bnilding • hou,e without permission rh.
fo u"d him,elf in _ of the l"w.
7 It took tiIm but eventually we - J>L'rmission to
demolish "ur sams •.

1 Ikfore me ,hop 0J>L'fl' for business )'ou mu,t carry out
.-.
,

,
Find On, other possible for each of the verbs in the box in 30.1. Use "-
dictionary to help ),OU.
The environment
Damaging the environment
Read this extract from. I.port on gelling rid of wa,LC
Dispon\ of howehold w"'"te is a daunting tJ"k for local authorities. Towns and citie" caunot
just dumpl such wastR "nd hope it will go away. Household wasto contoim many materials and
, ub,tances which are extremely hannful to the environment, and authoritie, noed long-teIm
'O\UtiOflO. Efforn to Ieryde wMte are only" p.rtial solution. Meanwhile, the problem of toxic
2
waste remaim:. expeII rec.l1tly warned lhat the rj,ks te public health are >0 g",at that we
may have less than a decade to avoid an environmental catastrophe Oll a global scale.
di,pos< of in an irre'poll,iblc m.nne, 2 poi,onom
Climate change and its consequences
H"e is an interview with Gary Prime, the American rod: st"T known
for his '''ppon of envitonmental campai!,:"S, who i, vi.iting Londo)].
Interviewe" Woold )·ou agree tn"t climate d,ange is the mo't
urgent issue facing u. today?
Prime: Ddinitd y. You onl)· have to look at the changing
weather pattern! in many part' of the world. It', absolutely vital tnat we
change our way' before it's too late. Parts of Europe which used to he coo"'r
now lTlten,e, scaring heat', and temperature, soar aoove the
every ,ummer. Other area. suffer wide,pread flooding on a regular
basi •. We can't continue m thi , way without the," being dire' con,equence<.
Intervi e",e" So ",ha, Can people do in the face of thi. irreversible climate
Prime: Ye" there i, . We can all reduce our footprint
l
by flying less, and reduce
our food mile, ' by b"yinB local produce. Some airline, have schemcs nOw for
offsetting emission,-'.
Interviewer: Flying', o)]ly one part of it, though. Most of the problems come from vehicle
rmi .. ion, POW"' ,ration •.
Prime: True, but there are thing. we can do aoo" tthat too. Buy a hybrid car",
deYdop alternative encrb'Y source, for home" .olar heating for in,taoce, and
bUl ld morc off.hor"' wiud farm •. Oil.npplies will run d",8 within SO year •.
Renewable eu"rgy can makc a feal difference. And politician, ,houldn't I",
afraid of introducing green taxr.
9
and incet!lives to encourage ceo-friendly
.lcsig.n in architecture_ With .ufficicm will, we find a ,olution.
Interviewer: Gary Prime, ,hank yOll for giving np yom time for this intervie",.
Prime: No probkm, I'ye gOl just ")]ough time to carch my AiBht to Los Angeles .
• extreme heat 1 extremely ... rio", J amount of dioxide created by an
activi,ylpet>on/lm,mes, < di,tance food h" to travel between when: i, i, K"n"ll
or mode and wl ... re it i, co",umed 'paying for an of carho"
dioxiJc to he ,", .. d d sewhere ' a car wbich al'erna'e hc"""en dift.,relll
" , "rg)' SOurCe, (e.K. "lld "aHerr) 'at sea, awa)' fmm ,he coa" ' hni,h
, taxes which rela,e to tht protectioll of 'he envirOllme",
Wo "'1 "".<WI. /y vit"', NOT _y \'IlaJ
It', vital mat ovoryooo P"'Y' ,h" r p>.rt;" ,.""b>.t;"! dirno," chon/:"
(Iltd a ooIution, NOT
Wo nood ,0 t'IrId soIufun to tho: problem of ,upp!i""_
Exercises
1 1.1 Read Ih""" 'P""h'n .• nd ,hen . " . ... e ... \h<: '1uc.tiuns.
Sylvia: We found I"'i>ono"$ had [,c,'" thrown into the rivu.
Tomas: W. have 10 from iUne!scs cau",d by probl"r",.
Marcos: We can coll ect s la", and plan ic from homes which can then be ,c-".cd.
Gerard: We at. hu ding for a ma jor di$a$1\:r IT) of the pollutio" of ,h. OCC3n$.
Ulla: We mu!1 Imp u. ing cmmi,,,J. II can deumy an' mal lifo,.
I Who mmliolls ptlMic
2 Who is about """"I. dumpmg tOlll' W<l.S1d
3 Who .. tlI lkiOfi 300" , hoiding the """ of sotllt, h'"g whreh is harmf"l lo ,he
" Who is ' ''pb inlng _bout rocyding ho u$<Ohold w",d
S \Vho is ""unding l warll i", abollt an environmelll. 1 cata<troph.?
11 .2 .cm' n," ulinS a word frolll l he ow,,, il e p"sc.
I We looked oullO lea and . potted o.om .... .. ............... .. .. " .. wind farms.
2 Oil .upp!i .... a.C likely In _ .. .. , .. , dry within na t 2()O
3 It '. abrolutdy ............ . , ... ......... Ihal we . ll dn ,,,,nuhing to w;)" ni ll&'
4 As g. ern orpnislttiou we only woo 5pecia]j.., in _ ......... ........... ooOsn.
5 Conriouw I15e of fM:<11 r .. ds will ..... _............ __ ._. _ cnItSaJ"""= in .he lone Ierm.
6 1lle aidi"" hu a wh...., you a n ............ __... " ..... t..,,,, carbo", emio;:sinns.
31 .1 Re,",TilO d,e uncll.Tlirn...J PUI of <cnten«' • ooI.location f.",n Ih. p. gc
basal On the wo. d in braclee£!.
1 How fur OUT food rmwls hdore we WUSUIN jt ! holli d be a COIX: U ll for everyone. (Mfu )
2 .Energy wbicb rpmes h gm inexhauslible a< wind, i$ our .. t hope for
tbe fumr • . (Rih1:"')
3 The regin" hM .. ;rienced flood jng OXg lar, .. gU' a, in l ocon yaH.
4 We ""used !he wodd's climate IQ iQ a way that cannO! hI'
(CH.'I.. 'ffi£)
S We must dQ IlO"ltIbiul! 10 djmjnaa: the p.obkm of IOric w .... l e. (SOlVf.)
6 We sho ul d all Iry 10 rlK:.;uuaum of !:I' OO" we emit. (rom)
7 Wind hOM " a\('( 1 alii at..Kll can prnvi& a ",imion to Ihe p,nblem.. (1I<on)
8 The Mmi" e! chairs a , nmmittel: aiming ro impro,'c the wa)' ..... ' k!'! ri d of r.ubbj sh from

1 1,4 Correct the cnll OC3ti o)tl errOl< in th .. e ,."tcn<:c$.
1 'fcmpr:raT\>Tc, expanded duriJ\g , ... 'IIlmmt.'f mou ths and In ched " n'l;ord hiGh.
2 We musl nut WIly before il j., 100
3 Th"l' now h, ,,· • svn hc:! ling S}'SI cm in th,·i. hoUJt; if' ""'1' oconomklt l.
4 Tire descn wu iog heal the day but ;, cold u nighl.
5 w",",I1,,< dt.iigns ha.-e changed '" wintO'< milde., art: hoo",.
6 If. hal one of thrxe mi xed which betwCCl1 petrol and pnwer,
7 gov(tnltlCnt mllit ta." S 'iO f"'t'PJ" who dam • tb. pay more.
S Vehldc tile mam . ource of pollu\i"" in bill , iT;"".
9 We to fi ",j ori"i,,,, f<1T hom",.
Go '" ti,. Unilfli Notion< &r.Ton,,*. """'.m". ... wwwlllliPgr' ond .... L< nDl. 01
.-1 ,001o<&UOtS 'JO'" fir><! th .... « m,,,",IM WIth !he _"""no.
Town and country life
City life
Read thi. ad,'crtiscrrl<nt for new h"",e, the city, " nd note the collocation. .
s.,cure )'Our new home oow in troe excilir>g
ca n enjoy living, with
who,. long ol"'nl", .... u ... wi ll \uitYOL" b'''1 1
"
you
Phone us now on 00345 877223 10 visit oor extensive of .how nou"",, and
apa rlrnents, or take a vi rtual tour at wlVWj ndlj li {c: com.
I full of busy . c, iviry
Country life versus city life
Jerome M. just moved from hi, home village into a big rown. He email , Rosie about !T •

Hi Rosie,
I dd j . I moiled inl:l lown. I rrusl say I doo't Ills, l1e rustic ella"" 1 of il" in the back of ,,"yond·! FOf
SOO1e people litUe Sroring i! a 001 for illII was always jJst a quiet backwater' in the middle of
nowhere where mtr; rIQ ""er lIappened "nd where I was bonid rigid' , rve only been i'1 town a week. b1Jt I love
everything about It - too crowded sl,ee3, the hectic paces of life, the fact tlat '100 can get a cappoc.cirQ (:(
hail a taxi at two w,1lle mori1Wl.l ,
Sa when are you COITIir!g 10 visit?
.-
I ,hm " "mpk ' nn oxt",m. l)' ,"ol",od pl.co ' a lsolntod v,lIng<
• (informal) ex(remdy bored • very bu,y .nd poce
City Council plans
GOOD NEWS FOR Ij'I,'j'I,'"ER CITY LIFE
City Councillor, last opprovod eXlen. i,,, pia", for
urb." .. rati""
Ke)' f.olUr" of the pi"" ["dull<: [be ","oration of d ... lkt
huiTdin;:,1 alJd n (T .. ·planting ..,home.
T1>c 'opc j, [h,[ 'he inn", city will ",-on rc,cnlhl o (il .
tal ;""
rlMM" l>elieve in.reu., i n 1M , ,I ' II t=
,"" pod'Ik .. . 1f COIIIIIIN"" ...... W c';lIIe: ..... """ fao;ilitie<
.... "11... a ....... . ...... il ;' ''''I'C'I , ........ , .... """ _ d ..... ,""if
_ II '-.... _11 wi • .,. .r. _...aGII dIe _ III .--..
I building, ,h. , ore no' cored for and ' ''' in n very bad condition ' (form,l, offid,l) homes
Exercises
32.1 Complete e.ch '"rltCTJ<:e with the city and country iu the correct 'pace.
1 There i, a k" hectic pace of life in ................ " ..... in_
2 It's much 10 hail a laxi in .............. "",, ... Ihan in.
3 Y,m are Ie<, likely t() find reliablc pLlbli.:; transport in _ .. . " Ihan in .......... .. ""."" .. .
4 You more likely to find rustic charm in ....................... than in
S Y,m arc mMe likely to find conge'ted road. in ....... "" .. """.,,. than in "."" .... .. .... ...... .
32.2 Explain the difference in meaning between the in each pair.
1 The roads are very conge, red. The streets are very crowded.
2 We live in the inner city. They live in ,he leafy suburb,.
3 He liYes in a quie' backwater. She live, in a husrling city cc",trc_
4 I enjoy urban )j.ing. 110;" my rural idyll.
32.3 Put the co11"'atiom iu the hox into pli« that similar iu meaning.
<it)- lilt long op.nint hour. rustl, ,h,rm in "'" back of boyan<!
in tho rur.tl idyl
32.4 Rewrite the underlined p"-l1 of c.ch scntc'11cC usiog l COll"'ltior, from opposit.
1 The yiHage is regarded as a quiet place where hut the people wh" live
there lMe it.
2 She liYes in a ,imple cottage miles ilWgV from gny other inhabited placei.
_, '1"'" plans to pwyide funds to ,ub,idise the modernllilliillLllld.imIll0y<:ment
"f!l1lT cilic,_
4 The cily announced in 2007.
S Tf.., south .id. of ,fie city i, au uca where people would like to have a
6 The cily c(}!wcil has declared that pan of the t"wn may m,ly be u.ed for peopl e's home:;.
32.5 Find collocations on the opposite page with Ihe oppo,ite to these
32.6
!J
32.7
I s",art, mod.rn buildings
2 q1liet road, (2 an,wers)
3 a quiet city centre
4
5 the urban nightmare
6 re.tricted opening tim" s
(2 answer')
Use a dictionary to find three wlloc. tions for these word,_
I cotlntryside 2 landscape> village
Au,wer these qlle<tion<.
1 Do any type' of TV progranunes or film, b(}re y(}U rigid? If '0, what types?
2 Would you con.ider living i" a r.mote country in your country to I", liying in a
rural idyll'
3 Do YOtl have a reliable ptlblic Iransport system in the pbco where you live?
4 Arc tnere auy derelict building< where yOll live?
5 What ,ort of are there within walking di'lance of the hOll,e or flat where you
live?
33
Personal finance
Managing your finances
Read this leaflet on p"rsonli m.nagemwt given OUt by a umversiry to its st!ld. ms.
Note the collocations.
While you' ,e eOirlg}'OllT your ""in • .....,. of iJl(ome ""'Y be. student lo on or, i f you',.
lucky . • graot or .rnolarship. But you may ,.,..11 mil to 1upple.,ent
1
l"'ur [.""""' by getting
kind of WorK. Jre tips fOT >v-lidi ng finan'; . \ proble",,,:
• Opt" ICCCunt.t II>e ClllljXJS b. nk - h. "" a t N m there which in
l>eipi"'l :\lu6ent' wiH, fi rl;l "cwi matters.
• If)'OO into debt try 10 d . u
l
your debt, •• soon J\ possible.
I If thing"'" difficult, you may hill'\: to economj", by, "y, cutting dawn on IU.urfH. This is f. r
better thiln lu ..... ing up debt,',
• Ifyoo h.,... a credit·clrd dolbt, try to m.ke. poyment lNer'j lllooth. I'>c:twe-
sm. U. N."", """",d your uedit limit.
• It's a bild to borrow to fur Alw")" "'"' ad'Ylce from
yOIIf ban. abwt how to de .. and I"'Y
• fun up.., if you CJn it. !Iyou do n""d r_ember
that n><lst bonb 'hili off...- 5tu.t. nt, an lnufut_frtt
I having enough mon.y [0 pay you owe also be ,r.ying afloat) , add .omothing to
<o""thing to make it largor or bon« 'pay in full • continuing tu spend and therdor< owing
• I.tg. amount of money ' nut yet paid ' amount of money that 0 CuStu""r with bank
aceuunt i, t<mporarily allow.d to Owe tu the bank
Financial crimes and disputes
These newspaper dips arc III c"IICerneJ with financial crimes and pmbkms
Credit_cud frulld I ha, « ;orhod an
Mt Ambrose spenL a fortune staying at
alI-thnc hi?h. in ten r opl . lie
hotd, . He managed to run
u,). bilJ "f £7,000 at onehOfd. He
VItUm, and the CflmI it
Gk<l lili employer'. fund. and falsified'
"n the ;ncreaso.
f"f!(l> rds. made fraudulent daim. fnr
IfIWtI txptme •.
, ,
The c"mpany is now unMr
,
,
Its backers .,.,;_otr
!i.inl
debts of £100.000 on tho pmrniaol_
co.t-cutting measu",s dtslg\\<"4I"t<'I""
the cumpany, financial problolll$.
, crime of mi,using another persall', cud!! card wlthou, ,heir permission 1 sr. aling ,omeon. ·,
p<rsollal detail" u. ually in order to "cc<" their bank account< or aedi' urd. '
• chang. d solllething, e.g. a document, in order tu cleeeiv. r:0ple 'pay a . um of mon'r in
advo",-" as of a toral paymem ' fall to debt demand that a person pay back the
mon.y [he bank len' to them 'accepted ,hat an alllount of money has been lost or that"
d. bt will not be paid
Exercises
33.1 Match words from each bo,", to fmm from the and usc them to
the .. bdow.
33.2
!II
borrow make opeoo "ay IltJpplomerlt ,fioat • fortune h_ily my income • p.ym<nt
1 I ........ ,.". .. ....... of €500 eyery month to my credit-card account.
2 When I W2' • student I got: 2 job in 2 f2Sl-food outlet to_
3 I used to ................................... .. "",, .. on books when I was at university.
4 I had no grant or ,cholarship, so I h2d to ....... ............................ " ..... to finance my studies.
5 Small finns find it difficult to ...... .. ...... , when COSts and interest arC high.
Copy and compl ete the collocation bubbles using word, from the box_ Sam. words
colloC2te only with debt, some only with ovtmlra(t ond some with both. Usc a dictionary to
help you find onc mOre for each bubbl • .
", "l"MgoI .(nJ
to de" .(n)
to ge t into
to P""f oifa(n)
an u""utnori.od
-ridden
to b • .,
r,eility
the n>tio",,1
to set '(0)
to coo "" .(n)
33.3 Correct the collocation error' in the, e S<!ltenees.
1 The firm hos buge ,kbt, and has hod to borrow $10 million. The new Chief Executive
has introduced methods.
2 When lleftllniversity I no upstonding debts, unlike most of my friends, who owed
thousands of pounds.
3 The falsified company recordings and stole money from her employer.
4 I hod no resource of income, so, had to gel a job, and
5 We down a depo. it on a car last week.
6 She bulted on her loon repoy"",nt and h2d to ,<ell her business.
7 Mony people don't lru,t online banking because they are afraid of theft.
8 If we don't cut up on luxuries, we're going to find ourse]ve. in serious debt.
9 There special offers for students who enter a current aCCount at the university banlc.
10 You will pay a lot of in", re't if you go m'er your di,cussed credit limit.
33.4 Answer the questions .bout collocations from Ihe opposite page.
1 What object is 0 person or company being compared to when we usc the coHocotion
or stay "flOttt
2 What are you eyentllally ex!'<'Cted to do with 0 loon?
3 If a bank call. in a loan, do they (a) give it (b) it off (c) d. mand full payment?
" If someone debllits on 2 p2yment, do they (a) not moke it (b) make it in full (c)
moke it?
5 What is the called when someone make, ill . g2Ius. of 2not:her !"'rSOll's credit cud?
33.5 Complete e2ch sentence using the word in brackets in the form.
1 The accused waS found guilty of. "" .... (FALSE)
2 insurance company all ... " . ____ cl2im, very seriously. (fRAUD)
3 I try to make 0 into my S2yings every month. (PAY)
4 ldenrity ____ ........ " ... is an increasingly common cri",.. (TIllEf)
5 I wa, glad that tho W2' 2ble to offer me on _ _ _______________ ovcrdraft. (INTfNST)
The economy
Budget speech
_ ...
_ ... ..... ud ........ I-
0 .. ,nCIIUn:1o lllalrb il l L . I .... VC
",.wed 1l:iAh1, lucce.fuL The _ ....
....... : of lilt pmi_ "
,hinl!! of rho: FMtI. I ..... ... .:",..::"rI,
tta" • • t 2 P"" «nt. The -..m" tb." t ....
(Urt'frlr _ mM: diIIo.re ',.ffilo rhit
ito«rua rawf arc .. to boo
' 19' ''' this Thi •• heir u. to
build up . 01 inn . ling for 1M
long-lerm.
Thi' G'''''''nlm<nl ha, itc'<OrOO "' 0 """,omy "' '''''til, S<'"tOn yc o". of uninlern.ptt1i
oconomic growth; <rend which i< <e!. to n>nrinue wilh our ma jor ;UCct .. in
growth. And in the quuter, economy growing ... no of
2.5 per ""nt.
All indicaroro . how that indu,uy is thriving·). Hm we are particularly proud of tu steady
growth experie nced by bu.i" ...... it our to • • feS".,J the;,
a"d the heal thy ecollomy we hHe created has enahl ed thel" to oUlput.
The p1ulllllleting profits' cau""d by the previous government's misguided policies a,e now
,aidy behind them.
0", grul is to est,blish wnrld-class public S' ,,·ices thf()t1gb inYestl"ent and reform in
order In e"'Ufe that taxpayers receive real val"e for money. Public .pending g"'" In
provIde strong and dependable Pllblic se[Vices , These arc viral to extcn,] oppnrtunity,
, ocial and impm"e pcnple's life chalLces.
'Ibe that we levy' allow u, to allocate r",ourct. to achieve that goaL And we havc
m<t with consid" abl e ,uece,,!. In particula{, we mu,t now build On the success
j
of the
climate-.;hangc Icvy wc introduced laSt )'car.
Anoth" 01 our goals i, to win the battk againSl the black economy. !fkft uncheckcd
lD
,
the black economy - I think h"e particularly of the I"" In ,,\If economy "f un(lccla,ed
earning,l! and other ,ax rractices - will pu,h up cost,' l and lead 10 ri'ing
unemployment. 'Ibis government is committed to it, eradication.
I control inflation [continuous iaccra,e ill pIic",]
, very dramatic, uncontrolled, inAa,ioll
) doing very well
• prote-e, their intcre","
, rapidly falling profits
• p<<.>blems of Ih. nnckrprivil . g. d, of tho," who ha. c k" fortunate plac" . in society
tbn
7 impose or introouce
I bu n very successful
' dc'Ck>p .prniom ".<-"tOc""
I. nOi <topped
II income that p"0pk fail to ["POrt ta til. tllx
" make co"" Ti",
Exercises
34.1 Match the of each .. ntcnce with it. ending.
t The govcrnmcnt is finding it very difficult to curb
1 The country i. sufferins !>.cau,," of the current economic
3 Although heavy inci ustry is m dedmc, scrvic'C industnes arC
4 Thc CEO is an."iou, to ,afeguard hi, company',
5 New machil1ery has enabled the factory to increase it<
6 The ta_" authori'i (:t pl an to tackle Ihe of ondedared
7 The budget plan explains how we intend to allocate our various
g We ,nu<! tadle and solvc the problems by , ooal
exdusion.
interests.
inflation.
climate.
resource •.
output.
thrivil1g.
earmng' .
34.2 Which of these phrases would a Finance Minister be likely to use abont the economy under
hi,/her own and which about the economy under a rival government?
34.3 Find thc of the underlined word, in these collocations on tbe Oppo,ile P"IIe.
1 to invest for the ffil!li term
1 to restrict opporlUnit)'
3 dccLIIl·d earnings
4 fuJJ.iru: unemployment
S stunti ng growth
6 soaring profits
7 priyal!" , pending
8
9 to lrutJ:r: in[crcst rates
10 toabpij'haievy
34.4 Compiele each sentence u,ing "'Llrd. from 34.3 (either Ihme underlined above or their
oppo,ite,) in Ihe appropriate form.
t The government has mOrC control ovcr .. , """., , """" , , "". than oyer ,
,pending.
2 Tax inspector< mah spot to ensure we do not have "ny .. ___ .... " earnings.
3 If yon havc a stcady and income, then it may be .. nsible to invest for the
"' " ''' ' ' "''''' ' '" ,,, .. rather than the _ _ _ rer",.
4 ____ unemployment is a sign of a healthy economy.
S If the goyernmellt want, to ,low down the economy by _ _ _______________ _
rate" then a company's costs will be , and , 0 their profit, may
6 A progressive gm'ernT'r",nt will want to _" opportuniry and to
_ .. " .. .. , growth.
7 A political party might think it WaS a good idea to slow growth down but it would be
vcry un likely to ,ay that it wanted to . "" "'" "growth.
S The goyernment has decided to _ . __ a levy on co",mercial waMe coliection
in order to encouragc recycli ng.
Social issues
Facing and solving iocial problemi
Read these short review, of book, "bout !«Xia! problems, and note the collocations in bol d.
To Dream a Be tter life b,- Lo...u
Iiow ,an .,. bost .ddre .. tho mo."
","""",i t migff tioftl'
C,n "<ooDmic migration be >eel' a< • '-"'t
for 9<>00'. ",thllr thon oL",.,., SHt1 f
that must t;ocktl.'d? Thi' booIo:
of!.rs a novel
l
$oIution.
A Fragile Calm by ALexa"der
WI, en law , nd order bru k down.
riot, erupt" . nd public
th •• <>Cial fobric' , polit ici , ", tend to 1.1 kt
whic h
Flei g" book looks at aLWMtives and
L"ssoo, from hi,tory.
Disaster and After by Holoy
ShouLd ri,h "alions plO\'ldt rrilff 'II'ho:fI
di ,. ster< occur in po",er , oonb1 .. , '" Is
thi , too little. too lat. ? Haloy". boo<: uIb
fur a fre.h drivt
J
t o \t1 . n.wt .....
m.kes • plea' for t o brut
the d dejl€r><ie ncy.
[ it iN in Crisis by Mm: (;elm;.
P;ohlem, of run-doom ,0 ..... ..,
<i ti., .,,, t ho ,ubi ""t 01 tIM booIo:..
behaviour, .. ....
dy<funrtioul
11
f .. ,Hies • • I! c.,.. ... w.-
intense 1n thi '
I a posmve mil",n« ' new anJ origin.1 ' n.cw c/lor< • on urgent or . motional
, bring. smp to a negative panern of b.haviour • burst Out ,uJJenl)'
7 "<pc,,,ion 01 Ji" .ti3ia<tion by <fOwds of p'<>ple, espe<iaJiy about a political maUer
• wcial , tructuu • extremely , eycre 10 in • yery bad condition "n<>t b.baving normally
Neighbourhoods and housing
In these from =etings where local problems are being di,euss.d, the S('(;ond
speaker the idea, of t fle first ' p'aker by usiTlg the colloc::>tio!l s in bold.
A: Toe prohlems fJ.Ced by poorer ho", cholds arc indeed.
Tl: Yes, there are m.ny iosue. affecting low-income famili e" and they are indeed compl e".
A: When become. hon",lc« , our immedi"te !;>, k is to fiTld 0 roof for them.
ll : Yes, our joh is to proyide !helter "' qnickly " possible.
1\' Fift.:cn pt;r Cent of are living in houses WiThout running ,,,,,ter. Many are in
hons es which are 10 bad no one ,hould he living in them.
B: That', right. Too many people arc living with poor ,anitary conditions and it's
unacceptabk that there are houses which arc unfit for human hahitation.
A: TI,e problem is that hOllSe< are too cx!",!l!i,·e for most ordinJT)' n,milics.
B: Yes, the government ,hould do 10methi"g to provide affordahl e hoo,ing.
A: TI,e people who encouroge other< to commit vioknt acts sho"ld be dc.it with fi rm I)'.
R: That's right. Anyone inciting deserve. harsh punishment.
A: The thing i" people should b. more vigilant ,bout erinle ill their local commuTlitie,.
B: Yes, it would he good if more watch be
Other collocations connected with social issues
T Ie was arrested for possessing an ill egal ,,"'stance. [formal: an illepl drug]
Famili es who claim benefit. often fed ashamed. [financial support from the statel
Grttn organisat ions arc increasingly important as a force for change in the world TOday.
Exercises
]5. 1 Compk tc c;>cb stntn>tt ... ing " ver b from dIe too" in I"" appropria. e {a.m. You do> 0101
[ 0 " "" a1llhc in 11)(
I How . an ______________ __ ...... the issue of ak ohol
2 Aid agtnci .. , _____ _ ... eme'seney relief, bUI i, thi, ol",;>y< rfle lJeS' tbing?
J In 1997, law and order .. ,., .... , .... , .. '.".", ... <;o mpl cldy and there wa,
4 So<:ial worke .. tfy hud to ., ......... , .... , .... ,., .... the eyde of .b,,:;e fnrnil ies ""Mre violen.:e
<>Ct; ur ..
S Community leader. . ............... a pIn for understanding I"lerana of

6 J'eoplc whu .. _-. . __________ ... . hoold be JCVC.d y pU"ish.:d..
]5.2 Complt lc cam ""mClla: .. sing 3 colootion from .hc uppusill'.,..!!,,-
1 The hou.w has 00 roof. and Ibe. e 3 1C In iL It IS " Ilfir ...................... _._ ••.•.••.. , •..• _.
2 The lad uf a "",ins wn ...... upply l11el1llS th:tr Ihcy h.-....: '-err poor _ ............... .
3 1\. nighl)'ou oltm sec 14· :>ud I j·yur-olds consuming ok ""uL The Ill S a big
proIl km with ___ __ .. .. , •.... , .. ,., .... ,., •..
4 Th.t part of the ho •• n.:In y homes where peopl e bd ,,,ve ve' y b3dly witb regard l<I
others them. There big prohlc<n with _ ., , .. ""." .. " .... , .... ........ .
j Hundred, of people p.ousted ill the su eel,. and sometime. thing< got violenT. fur seyer.l
da}". there was major ,.,., ., ... ....... , .. ,.,.,.,.".,., ..... . ,. ,.
6 NeighlxlUrhood committe", can hoyt a "",.itiyc inAuence in th. community.
most people beli e¥c tf>cy force .,., .. . , ... """" .. ..... , ...
35.3 the bq;inning of . ad. ocnto:n« ... i[h il ' ending.
J PuG! propk of..,n ha"" to claim the i.",,<s of global PO""fl Y dige:1SC_
2 The , ilf iDl <oouc:cd d .eltcr and food '0 ,"" eanhquak.c ""'!lIns.
3 1ht to......-nment tool.; ... "", dno<unian btndi.,. in order to . .. nivc
4 All !>uvcmmcnlS ne\:·d to adolrns crupled In all the majOI .
. The authori, i.,. b.:.d 10 providc nt.iJ;hhuurhuud walCh $Cbentoe.
6 As The d, joContent getw, rio.. /mas".es to p,en nl public di!lOTder.
35.4 Con..,.1 the <ollo.:otlon ert"Ol"S in thtoe stoten. c!.
1 ' [b. violence threatened thc fabric.
2 Minister said it was time 101 a nClih driving (0 cut crime.
3 CUSIOm' offici al s Eou nd some ill egitimlte subsran.:e. in the
luggage.
4 TIle run-out are •• 01 the city ate olun dangerous at nitht.
S W. hope our lIew o'&"lIi, aTi O<\ will be a forc:" for p<Jlitical
changing.
6 Ht I'fOJ'OS'NI a uu¥d in solUlioo to of !IOCial
incqu;[ liry.
7 c.milies Me'" dlfli cull problcm for mcial
work,,,_
8 The union rcprescntotj,·. did a pi" lot the w",ken ro stand fum.
9 Then "'ore sce ..... of publicity d'sotdc. 00 Ihe streets b SI night_
10 II ;, ycry' difficult for younR peo:l pk to lind affonl. hlc buil,li ng.
36 Science and technology
Technology in business
Scienti,ts and t"dlooklg;,;!s are p."'ing back the fronl;"" L of koowledge ewry d3y. Scientists
pulllish and those findings are del/elop"" inlo (ommerciJI <lpplications. We
have b€c()Ille very skilled at in all so,b of W<lys. New
cuttini-edie desiin; is our d3ily and our bllSiness"" But eVen with
technology we are .Iready famili<lr with, do not """ays run smoothly". There can be
diffKulties equij)lllent and hardware can suffer from weo, and tear", More serious
are viruses, which can CauSe to and lead to the loss 01 important dill".
A power cut mav (ause machinery to lose power productioo rmoy be tlaltcd until t>Owe';s
res1or...:!. If computers have to he shut down' for it short time, it (an cause a variety 01
all of thl'lll
, ",,[ending the limi,. 2 rc,u],. 'maling usc a l • 'he m"" innO\"athe design
, worl without problem. • damage caused by ordinary n," ' ,witched off completely
"""'" in d.. 5<_. pu!>lw. tt.cir findinv. NOT 1irwIir>t.
II no<.- iI1 d1. " ...... Tho)o pullli.t".d ....... lnun ......
Innovations
We asked our readers to remind us of the 6tIIe technical innovations tbiit have quietly entered
- and - our lives over the Iasl2tl years. Here are some 01 their replies.
• I tlC'.""" C¥'Y mll:h 're" morey' and I ",er
""en write a ffieql-", I f>Ut , rioce of f>last" in
" sIct, "rote, IlY PIN aod ta!<e oot t he cash!
• Yoo're mcre howe tt)$wipe ' tard tMn us.
""" the", days.
• Remember whoo you hod to rush " ,t of \'I(fk \::l
tu tI", I'HI' i" 'lour lurch tour? I never to >lO
irto, b,orJ< \;)joJ'. Cnlin" i, fantastic,
• My mut colcctoo used tot,",e up a 1'0'1"* ,,", I oi
rr>r r'un. N<m I'><e J;'tt fY roore mu,k '1I!reO m my
Ill., MP3 pIaj.olr,
• H"", d d wl:hout
.... nd I k>ie al the extra bls, I me 001\1 ai>le b
dCWIlload rcw rin(lcn1l1!
• Wi " le .. hol""c!>' ... e bnlaotic - I can c ... get
[]fl ;".., ,,,;i ,,,, my c ..... " "rto\l
• I tr ...... " let .nd l os greit to be "b!r \0 remote
Iny email,
• Rernember wherl yoo had 10 I¢ off the ""fa to
,wiloh 00 yoor tcack "00 wI1i te TIi7
)'OU turn )'OUr TV m '00
lil remot" o.ntrol'
• TV - the pid .... e l:; !Jnt;;"f"
Ct>'Tl Pded wl:h iJek<e,
• ILlS! SATNAV' in thee", 01 tho limo - moch e",ier
tho n Wdr@at " P" P'" rnap.

I SAID 1W'i lfFT}I(JT R/GIiT
, puiJ.lic place, ",h<re peoplo can a"",,", the TntofTlCt via wireless . ignal
, ,hart lor .atcllitc navigation
inter."
Exercises
36.1 Look at A. CorreL1: the collocation .rron in .. ntenee •. In some sentenc .. i, more
than one error.
I If YOll swileh off your comp11ler with011l , hutting it properly, yon may \0'" data.
2 I didn't e"p<:cr everything to run gently 11' my job but I didn't imagine it would be
quite 50 difficult as it was.
3 had <orne problem, initiming his compute! eqnipIIl<'nt.
4 The company is fam(}l" for its cuning-side <.ksign.
5 If they'd machine. regnlarly, they wo"ldn'r had to halt producing_
6 Vic dreams of making a discovery would help to push 0111 the of science.
7 Scientist< publici "" thei, findings in aca<kmic jonrnals.
8 Th,,,,, was n power t hi< mon,ing. The power off at ten and it wasn't
festorated till midday.
9 lJrs irwe< pute Te<earch but hi, brother is mo"" inte""sted ill the applicati(}ll of research
to and m harassing new ttt hnol"gy for ends.
I 0 carried out re.earche, over a ten-year period and finally p"blished their finding
this month.
36.2 \'('hal arc the p"oplc in lh" piL'tuTcs doing? AnsweT u<ing a oollocatioll from B.
,
)
1-'"', ... _ ... .......... .... .. .......... .... .. .. .
She', _ He', _
36.3 An,wer these questions using collocations from the opposite page.
36.4
!II
1 three technological devdopment' ha, e w,tching tele,ision a better experience?
1 What i. an MP3 player nsed for?
3 What might happen if the cnmplller ' y'tem, in a company . nddenly became over!oa<kd,
Or there was a ,""ous problem with th" software or
4 Is it necessat y f", peopl e to visi t the perronally to do their bn,ille,,?
5 What migbt you uy to find at an airport if you, say, want"d to cmail from
your OW"
6 You want to watch TV a horing programme has come "n. do YOIl do!
7 You are tired of the ""und j'Dllf phone make. a call in. want , omethjng
differcnt. Wh,t can r oo dol
S What happ"llS to irems that you u,e lot?
Use a dictionary to help you answer the questions.
1 \'(,'hat cnllocati"n, ,",-ith ",creen can be u"d to (a) TV and (b) the cinema?
2 What can o"title co][ocare with a, well as shopping and banking?
3 What can remote collocate with as well as ace"" and control?
37
Health and medicine
Maintaining good health

Treatment
r with g:entle nordlM
to watdl whit w«J eat. 00
)'Q'J!Q
When Alexa waS JiagnoseJ with" scnous medic81 condition, ,he was that
she might have to have an operation'. However, her doctor first prc<;<;rihed .. course of
Fortunately, r"<ponded well to and made a full
I NOT mak<. an o!",ration
PATIENT INFORMAnON LEAFLET
j)" n<lt exc •• d the NC(}mmfll<kd do,."
• If)'ou thillk yoo hoy" IRken on overdost
1
, coo,,,I!" <loc((>,- imm«iialciy
, l" ko n too much of a Jrug
J unwanted _,eco!!dary
dfeets of a drug
• If YOI' ,,,ffer any of the side . n'tel"J menliQJ1C(i in lhi, lealkol, or all)"
other
4
",."{jono, cO[l.",lr YOCLr uoct<>r at pharmac;,!.
< negative
IIIne!is
co/iocation &=pk m. """'g
-
• . <re>ming col d
I've had a .t ... arninj! cold for d>y' """'_ • he>ry cold
.hak. off. <old I wi", I OO<Jld .h"ke offthi. cold - I've sot rid of • cold
h.d it for nearly two_on
he in poor h • • IIl> My " ",,', been in poor health for )'0' ''''. oot be n ry wol
,n inlelOtloo, di . . ... Th."..-.. nLJrTlbor 01 infectious di""".,. c,usht from .om. oll.
di.e .. "" which m.inly .ffeet childr"", with W3t di, • .,.
• """ illn e,.Jdi.e •• e
Tile b,by wo, born with a rare iIIn ..... . n illn. " that , eldom occ"",
critic>lly ill Sh.'. ><01 critically ill in OOspi"'l. extremelyld.ngerou.1y ill
-
fii:ht for one', Iif" The accident ha, left tllree people In d.nger of dyin£
r., htini for their 11"""
into I cotnf, OOt 01 Thf, box .. feH into a cama . lter he,,,",,, ur><:on,cioo';
"coivinl ' blow to the he.d.r;; didn't regain «><1>oiou,n' "
cam. out ofth" com" for f"", day>.
• ma,sive he.rt .tt>.,k He ",f/"",d a mas.l ... e heart attack. • very . .. iou, he.rt .tt>.ok
-
""time iyl prerMt" '"
W. we, • • 11 .. by the Y"""l: death ", too early an .ge
dooth wom:m', untim.lylp...,m"tu..., duth.
'"-,
language of ""akt> '
,
, , the i . ,
;
,
i. aim. d ;
,
--
Exercises
37.1 Look at A. Combine the words in the box to form eight collocations.
build

rod"".
..
gentle
c.,i'lance
00
00
,"
do .r>joy .x."i.. ,port
""oIth I<"e" of yoor
"to" diet up
37.2 Compl "," the collocation fork •.
2
3
go On a :---.......
a halanced-- ..
a sensible ..------
..______of flu
. of medicine
of p"nicillin
______ reSIstance
to ...................... . ___ your strength
-----a medlC<lI practice
4 an infectious
a rare ............ .
an incurable ..------
5
6
37.3 Match earn question with its answer.
I I, tr.. man still in. com.t
2 Wh>t did P:at', Zr.lndf.!th<r die of!
3 How uncle re,pond to t",. tmentt
wt., did Sam h ..... to ,tay in ho'pitolt
5 Your little bo)' h.,. r""ny no, •. h .. n\ het
6 VVIlat , ort of condition h., he t ort
7 Whot MoS'. t>rotherl
8 \-\Ihy """ Tony 1001< "" worried!
How does Joe pI.n to build up hi, "",ntt'"
10 I, the patient rec",,*ring yet!
• He hod to ".e . n ope .... OOo.
b A """i"" he.rt ,ttack.
c A,..", tout root incu,..b,. dl,ea,e.
d Hi, friend i. ,ri[i",,11y WI
e Ye<. he', hod •• treaming mid ,ince Su nday.
f A mur .. of meoica<iOl1.
I
,
H. initi,lIy had.orne ad • ..-,e re. ctlo",.
H. ', "ill figMlI1g for hi' if • .
He oo[ of i[ thi< morniot .
37.4 Complete each ,hort dialogue using a collocation from the opposite page.
,
AnM:
Ben:
2 Clara:
Dean:
3 Ellie:
Fran:
4 Grant:
Harry:
5 lnga:
Joan:
6 Karl:
Lotte:
,
Masha:
Nina:
8 Orla:
Pat:
Did the medication the doctor prescribed help you?
Yes, but it has had ;;.orne rather unpleasant .............. ... ............... ...... .
Mozart died when he was just 35.
Yes, he had a very ......... ............... ........ .
Have you still gOt that cold?
Yes, J juSt con't ........ ................................... .
Your aunt doesn't look very well.
Yes, I'm afraid she is in ratMf.
Why do tl,.y only;;ell the;;e tablets in small pack.IS?
To try to prevent p"opl •.
Moh sure you don't take more than the doctor told you to.
Don't worry. I would never ..
Whot dKlthe doctor say about your grandfather's painful leg?
SM has referred him to a surge"". He has to .......................................... .
Do you have to change )'om di et if you'r. diabetic?
Well. you have to
9 Quasim: What's the prognosis for your unck now hr 's had a kidney transplant?
Rita: lie's still f. ei ing rather weak but he', expected to ....... ............................. .
Criminal justice
Expressing views about crime and punishment
LOQk at these extract, from call. to " radio phone-in programme 'Your c.nto
Je,""my', wh;ch on 11>;, OCC",jeffi is about ori"", and puni,hImnt.

U

llelh., Jc,,-'fl1¥_ I won' (0 Imo",
why (nwnci.1 ",im;",," in rhe City
alway, ",om to .. c.pe .. m,
while poor people .lway, .eem to
receive c"'lOdial oen'cnce,' even
for committing minor off.", ...
My . it", i. ,h., ,I "'rnoon<" put
on trial .nd j, {Ol!nd 8uihy.Dd
><-.., 'enee, thm 'hcy ,hOllLJ
have ro ,erve OUI' [heir ' . n'Once.
lI..i.a,il11: WI11"OO" early for good
btha.iour i" comple'e non"""",.
Jeremy, I'd like to point out We're ."",ing' crim<
that [here hoy" be,,,, couple oi in thi. city "00 it', about time
,cri01l' mi,carriage' of jUSlice' the ",imin.l, w.re ((I
rtC' Illly "I,d people don'r ,,"em <0 ju,tice. And I'm ,i.t:k of hearing
01 unrdiabl •• vidcu<Ot Or tn""""J-' '"' childhood, 0' they',e no! iiI to
[<ali se how datnasing thi ' i" No circum'lOnee,'
Oue , hould Ixc trial on rhe h"i, e -rhot 'OIDCune had a ocpri,'ed
UJ> <hU¥" , " .. :and Iri .. L kgb,;,"!

I • ,entence to be served in Or ,imilar institlltion ' sen'c the fuJJ amount of timt
, , irllation whore innocent people Ole found guilty • invented .nd f.l,. atCu",ltion,
I ri,ing vory fa" • circllm",nce, Ih.t lessen the blame, .Iso miligating circum'lance,
Courts and trials
The," nrwsp.per dip" contain typic.l collocation, "bout courts and trials.
A witness ta,e evide ... LOd:!y in \1Ie
Misth""" muruCT trial, n.c ol.im«l
1<l h.ve ,een tl>< ,",cu .. d leaving M. 8m'''''',
/10"". The trial, .. " adjounltd I Match
7th, 1k ""eused, Liam (;,,;-,m, ...
remanded i. CU$t,.,jyl
).t'il"",,)' bad d",ltd aU lOQwledge of \he
f:t,,""',1e,11 oo.i" .. " deaL lli, 1.W)'""
*'_1"00 (0 >lLa..- thot Derek Yardley w", an
_ lablt wi"",,,_ Dc'pile ,,"&,,,,,,(i,,,,, thot
.... mi(!ht umi,,, the he fOlJnd in
of. :Mr l1am" anti .. damage.,1 to
••
I wos suspended till a later time or date
I ,.nd to p,ii!On umil (he lrial l>e&in' 0< COlllinU",
l which all the deci,i "" make" oW"" to
• deciJe 111." the c"" is not worth
Ia av .... imow' [way in Raylton
bUtric( Court, Clare Irene Wi]"".l, 37, ",as
not lunt ), of mllrtlcr, Tho jlldge .. id
.., """"",,l(ion had failed to prove beyond
0 0
.bI. doubl thm Ms Wilsoo was guilty,
Mory JOIlC' WJl relea""j (h" U10fnlllg .flor,btl,
law)'e" succo"rull)' oOllle,ltd lite ,,,nil,,,
which 'lCnt<oced (0 J"i""" for throe ,."" _
Th<.judge, Mr Jame, Egdoo. onrtun>ed •
verdict in the Court of Appc.,L Ivl"", Joe"
",If did. not appne in court hJ\ I,t", .ai d ,,.,,.
sh<. felt j"stja, hod been .. nod .
, orocred the organi,ation or per""" who
has been r<spomible tor caus.ing injury Or Iosl;
to poy money to tbt victim as compensation
• with the VOIdict and tri.d to dlange it
Exercises
]8,1 the part of each of ""t,act, from oollven;atiom to make IkID
,ound more like ""tracts from newspaper '"POrr,.
An of crimes per head of tbc JXl.mlation ha,"" been recorded in the la't
no,·elv. month,.
1 ,hould yuung criminal! get "way without bring punished for crime, jllst ix"C.use of
"gel
3 Tb. lawyers di,airccd with the
4 The judge the ea,e becau,e felt tb •• vidwce was not !"Tl!lIIKh.
5 John Jo" •. , said he dido"! know J u)'tbjlJ!;.Ab!l.!.rr the robbery.
The judge liaid.ll13t the trial would now take "lace neJ{t month.
38.2 Choose the correct collocation.
1 SOllleone g" out of prison early for scoaring' extenuating I gOCJd khavioUf.
2 [f yOll get a custodial ",menc", you go to prison I only senlmer if you commit
anothu "rime I have to do «;me wmmunity servi<c.
3 If yon ar. remanded in cu,tody, yon are allowed to go home I ohliged 10 i"'}' some money
I kept ill pri50".
4 If you . erv" out a .. nunc., YOIl"re reiMsed from prison early I kept i" for full
am()uW of timc' kept in priso" for life.
S If charge, are trumped·up, th.y are accurate I ' exaggerated.
38,3 Correct the mistak.-s with prepO\itioni in the collocation,.
1 He was ru' in trial for murder.
2 He was later remanded on cu<tody.
3 'fhe wirn.« appeared On court for the first time today.
4 The murderer wa, soon brought into ju\,i "".
5 The cas" against "It Sharp wl\ proved over r"a,onable doubt.
38.4 each sentence using a word from the opposite
1 Unfonunately, there have been a number of .......... .......... .. ............ of jllsti"" recently.
2 Th. lawyer ciaim. d that there were ""me ................................ circum<tan",,<.
3 Thi. is the \ixth time the accused ha.. . ... in court.
4 Tbe jury was qnick to reacb a ............................ .... . finding the accused guilty.
5 Tb. accused ...... .. ........ ...... all knowl. dge of but no one helieved hcr.
(j,ark, Wei" wa.. . ........ for the injury he hod 'Hffered.
7 Th. newspa!"'r said ..................... .... .... bad been " rved by eM conviction ofj<x Lec.
8 The trial has been ................................. until n.xt w .. k.
9 He ha, k en in court on ,",veral prel'iou\ ocCa"on, but only for cOlllmitting
....................... offences.
]8,5 For each word in box A find two collocating word, in B. Thon writ" sentences ming each
of tile oolloc:otion,.
A find face
,
.-
War and peace
Ten days of war
the bor'door. TM

I building up larg. qu"ntitics of wcapon,
1 maling the nea unsaf,
, an ,([ack mad. [() P'''''L1t the , n"my n-om
attackinK you
, ..,nd soldie"
• violena incre",".
, a large numb.r of a!!acis
, killing of civili.n, ;lnd "",{ruction
of nOll-military taf£"" - tenn ">cd by thu", wh"
it to mah it ""und I." ""iOll'
• ,hot by acciJ, n{ as they were in the
wrong place at the wmng ti "",
, ,hort and narrowly milil.,,)' a!tach
I. an agrteJl"Llt to <top fighting
Ending fighting
e<>/Iocotkm

,

UIl • • SY true. n .. truce <1m< to an _nd ",II<>"
i
• true. that coLJld e;uily b.
th o rebel> .ttockod the <. pD!.
,
'''''''
P''''''"
Tho,... Is. fraiil., .. in the ..-.o with
,
• p=o that could o,.ilT be
hap .. will '''''n stronfthftn.
,
"""co)"' d
c"",Q/j",, <<>m<a Int<> The will come into ..
I
to stop ,t2rtJ
rnfdnlgnt . frem tIli' time
r"'toee peac" Th< _ of tho t>lks to ."store pMC"
,

in the ..-e,_
b.-ing ,tability At ia" tho ""' ry "'-, bro"ght rna"" the region "f"
to the region.

di,b.od.n ,..my It will bo hard to p..-made the wario,-,j, to m ><l the mld;" r> home, os th o
di,band thei, anny.
",my;" no ion"" in existenc"
-
--
11ft. b1o<1Qd<t They have agr .. d to lift the bl<>ekad. "" ,top pr."onting from
","r port>.
o""'rinl

withdr. w troop' Th<t COlJl1try "lrood to withdraw their- take the .... oldion out
troop. from the ..-e._
----
Exercises
39.1 Look at A. Compl ete the colloca,ion, ",ed in these new,pape. hoaJlincs.
,
BORDER AREA HIT BY JUUIlNM.J.'fI'!ii
__ __ OF AlTACKS
Il'Il11f. eIlUI.stl •• :
ARMY SEIZES
::I
'"
,
PRE-EMPTlVL
6
CIVIL SOCIETY CALLS FOR A
LAUNCHED L\ST NTGHT
39.2 Read the article the questions using full ,entence,.
I "_' I L ,, _
'*'>' 'flatly III: , ..... "' .... ill . .. """ _-.."" ,\
cc",din: h., becn ' ga,c,1 "nd will conI< off"'t

bring

........
1 What i, the UN', aim?
2 What suece" hay. th.y had'
3 When will it ,tart?
4 For how long have th.y be.n
engageJ in hostilitie,?
5 Has the simation been genu'S ""[ter?
6 What i, ,be rdationship generally
like between the two side,?
39.3 cad! .entence using a coLlocation from the box.
''''''t...--.I do.m,,!!o
l1L1m".
in<t>bili[y
lift on. blockade
h .:i le r--o
<u/f<r ( ..
1:' "" on. ",/f",,,i,,,,
,urzi oal ",i""
1 The . nemy have agr. ed to .... , ... "" ... """"_""" ... " .. ,,.,.,' on our port<.
2 Th. saiJ that we have carried out <orne ___ on lhe enemy.
3 n..,,,, are hopes ,hat the _ ... "."" .. ,,""'" will Jevelop into ,omething morela<ting.
4 lr their deci,ion to , fir ... .
5 ... anJ s.o we haJ no choice but '" ___ " ...... " ... ,,"""""",.
6 I, i, bd ieved that tho aim of the invading army i, to ,.""",,., ,. " ,, _________ _____ in the r. gion.
7 He """ """''''''''',." .. ,,'''''' '' __ __ _ hut didn't ,ay e"actl)· how many civilians died.
8 Our army is cerlain '" ___ ______ __ .. ,,",., .. """ .... "" given the ,rreng[h of the opposition.
39.4 Corron the collocation .rrots in these sentences. In som. , entence, there i, mor. ,han one <'fmr.
1 'Ih. tWO have been engaged in hosril. for a long time.
2 The cea,dire make, intn df.ct tnday and all hope it will bring to ,h. area again.
:J The government has promi .. d to retreat il< tr()(}p' nexl year.
4 lbe", i, an uncomfnrtahle truCe between the two side, at tho IllOmen,.
5 When peace is we ,hall be able [0 deform ,he arm)'.
6 l1>e new'paper reported t hat rbe enemy had fdt a JeleO! despite the fact that they had
.mployed large numhers of rroops to the area.
7 l1>ey u, of piling weapon' and of preparing to a provoked a[!ack.
8 Somo argue that the nuclear detorrent has prevented violence from
CI-.x><c a coon", ,""on"r in t n. find ropot"u DI it io Eopsh-I>n&L"'1I"
•. At ,hi, wat.,ite www<hobirprojOCLCp U'/"fW' l"'" e,n find link, to "-'!:" of
the,e, Note down <010<100'"' tn.. you r>Oti « M<f'@;", ed in ><von l rop"''''_
Friendship
Friendship over a lifetime
Re.d rhi, introduction to an article aoout friendship from a
Do you mile a lot of claSi friends' Are they
Childhood friends? Have you ever met sornec:nc
.nd instantl y tt\."j yoo've made a friend for life?
People with J larpp circle of friends m"y well hilve
discoveroo the socret oi a and happy life, according
to recent scientific research whk: h suggest that having
good f riends may actually help us li lle iC<lger,
For mally. the roost imporiImt friendship a IcnlHerm
with a partner or J spouse. However, Ihe
rs"""'ch shQI'13 th' t relatkmshi ps2 are equally
yailla ble. Whether YDur social network is m"de up of firm
or casual sockllising could impact
positively 00 )'Our life expectancy,
I usually referring to a romantic relationship , rdation,hips which 0'" not romontic or ",xual
Making. keeping and losing friends
Not. th. collocation, in ,k.,e mogazine hom<L"pe, .
Capricorn 22 Dec-19 Jan
R.latioo5 are c .... dlal' .t wor'<, but they could
be better. It will take nard war, to remain on
frn.ndly terms witn _,,')'one, but it will b_
worth the effort.
Aquarius 20 lan-19 Feb (S
A <"",plett strangu (0"",' into yoor life .nd
lrier1d5hiP. quickly develops. However, "dou
<""tidant'is uneasy and advi,,,, you to put
between yoursell and the
newcomer. II', advice you don't want tc he".
Pisces 20 Feb-2D March tf)
11 takes a long till1e to win someorre's
'0 wn£n ",,"ehody ,bus., thot trust it hurts.
It', going to toke 0 lot of effort to mok. tIM
wl>l"k. "it worth it? Ye,.
Aries 21 Mar-19 Apr
Someone ,om_thing you «ly the wro.g
way. A good .. l,tionship breaks down, but
do,,'t worry, • chat will ,oon
help to h. al the riftl.
Taurus 20 Apr-20 May
It', a good time for yoo to forge' nl'W
relationships. But only devote your energies
to the,e yoo 1 .. 1 will.tand th. t u t of time'.
You mJY won ,ome sUbl. relationships
in your life, '0 don't let ),ou",ell get on bad
tlrl1S with those "TOUr<! you.
Gemini 21 May-20 lun
Yoo'll need to spring to sOllleOnt's defence'
thi' we"" ",>en they come undor atti><:k. Luter
yelfll get" big th.nk-you lor providi.g mor.>l
support' when it w .. me,t n ... <led.
frien<!ly, but formal and poJit. ' p"I<on you trust and ,hare your fe. ling, and , eer. !, with
'en<! >criou, J"'lI'ecment hetween friend, 'form or • act yel)' qui<kl)' to
defend them ' ,howing thot you approye of " ",,,,one anJ what the)· ore Joing
Rorn<mbcr. the colJoc,tion i, make NOT friood , or IiI><i fricn<k
At fir .. i, "' .. diff"","lt tt> mak. fr"ndo" mr""'" «hooI. btlt , l.en I me'
Exercises
40.1 Choose the correct collocation.
1 I wa, contacted by a ohildi.h I childhood I childlike friend I hadn' t ,een for yeats.
2 I am sure that my fri endship with Louisa will pa>s f ';;1/ stand the test of time.
3 Foraging f Forcing f Forging good relationship, help, us live longer.
4 Mason wa, a f Uftlong f frk nd of my fath er', .
5 She has quite a wide circle I circulation I of fr;"'nds.
6 It'. hard to fonn U(e-Icrm f long. tim_ Ilong·term relationships when you're in a job thar
involves a lot of travelling.
40.2 Complete each .. ntffice using an adj&tivc from lhe box.
compl ete cordial /n""dly
1 I don't know her well- we're juSt __ ...........
2 We have b.en on _ _____ .......... ".,. terms ever since Jack refused to return the money I
lent him.
3 For many people the Internet plays an important role in devel oping new
n<tworks_
4 Jack Whitley was a .. -' __ _____ ________ confidant of tho Prime Mini,ter in tho 1980s.
S Their relationship hasn't b<:en vorl' ......... ..... ___ . 'lbey'vo broken up and got back
again , evoral limes.
6 She rold her entire life story to a _ ......... strangor on a train.
7 Ikthan and I B..,., .... .... ..... . fri ends for many
8 Thanks for all the . '" ____________ _ support you gave me when I needed it.
9 Despite their political the two leaders have always enjoyed
relations.
10 Losli e and I have remained on _ _ ___ __ .. ... . terms despite our professional
di , agreementS.
40.3 Rewrite each sentom:o using a synonym of the underlined words to creato collocations from
tho opposite page.
1 From the moment they met they knew thoy would be fri.ods for = .
2 She always kaRt to Angela" defence if anyone criticlscd hor.
3 He very quicl::ly g.aincl his employer', trust and was given a very important j"b.
4 She me a lot of m()fal support when I had pmbl ems work.
S 1 arranged a meeting to try and resolve the rift between Hilary and Jake.
6 I'm mrry that you interpreted what I said the wrong way.
7 Their rci ationsnip wllap,ed when she discovered he was someone elsc.
8 We've o.en very fri end. ever our fi rst day at primary ",boo!.
40,4 Correct the collOQtion errors in the, e sentences.
1 We ,hould have a head·tn·foot: chat to resolvo our differences.
2 She got under attack from . Ome colleague, at work who didn't like her.
3 If you disuse someone's tru,\ you doserve to lose their fri ondship.
4 We Irk d hard to have the relationship work bul fuil ed.
5 1 think you need to make .ome di, rance belween yourself and Eduardo.
Horo,eor'" are 1 £000 oIO'OC1bul. ,}, on reJ. tiomhip' , Read En£li.h one. r>OW . oo rn"" in
• O!" ""Ii "" ,.y. """".!:t.=.>cooe. ,CQ,"" . nd mako r>O'" of ""Y y,. f'" colb:atioll>
you r"rl,
41 Youth and age
Childhood
Ever ,ince h. was a ll e",Jx,m baby, Horace', adoring parents
convinced he wa, a child prodig),l and panderod to his every whiml ,
so that he "oon grew into a 'poilr A, a yuung teenager, he hung
around with the reSl 01 the town's disaffected YOlllh\ and \Va, On the
verge of becoming a juvenile dolinquont
S
. BUT then a mmic teacher
,..lised he had a talent for singmg and hdpe,1 him to see error of
his W3y,6. He the Ie,! of hr.. teenage years ,ing;"g f(J( a group
which made a cOll.idcmblc contribution to popnlar youth culture.
I genius
1 did every little that ho w.lnted even
when it \Va. not approp,iau
1 (inform,l, disapproving) an nnpleosallt child,
one who beh",-" badly and whose pare""
allow to behave as hel,he wi,he,
Middle age
• v"ung peopl e who do nO[ accep[ . "citty',
value,
, a criminal who i , "ill k'&'llly amino,
, und."rnncl hi , mi"akes
Amy and Stewa" got marritd young. 'lbey had a hahy' and th. n
almost at one. and qoickly fell into Ihc pattern of family Ii£..
Th. y so mucn on providing a stab! •• nvironmenl fur
child(Cll that they their rclation,nip and ,oon b.gan to
lake each other for granted
1
. The children left horn.. and went off to
university and Stewart b. gan to go throush a midlifr: He .aid he
wal bor. d with his daily tontinc and hc wanted to go off and travel tM
world while he wa. <till young cnough. Amy thonght he iust going
a pnasc' but ,he fel t ,he had no choicc but to hi, wi,h.,. She , aid nothing
to ,top him as he bonght a red sportS car and , et off on a road trip through Euwpe.
, NOT g<>t • b. b)' , period of di,.,ori,faction in the middle of li fe
, not value nther • going [hrollgi, a puiod of oc difficult b<havionr
Old age
Loui", ami Joon ale in their now. They ,ay tMy
don't f.ellh. ir I", twinge". 'n,ey
both admit to the occasional • .. nior moment>' and John can
, ometirn.., b< a bit of a grumpy old man
1
. They don't have to
'npport their family any more, so they lin quite a comfortable
life'. When the}' were younger, tne), wen: qllite poor bill
thooe day' arc or'ly a memory now. At hOllle th.y are
,urrollnded by thing. of sentimental val". to th. m and it
ha. become their h.bit to 'peml tM ev, "ing' poring over tncir
photo album, . The"" a"" full of piclun:.thar n:kindJc memori .. '
uf day, gone by. LOllisc Juhn happi .. t when their
cum" to sta}'. They giv. them th. ir undivided anention. In f.ct, th, y l.t
them out of th. if ,ight. Sometimes the complain ahout t his but always
explain" ·We ju,t want to ma h you don't cor". to any hann'
feel as old a. they
, " , light from [ime to time
mOment of forg.tho I".,,,
• (informal, uncomplimentary) ,n old who i, ,I"",y,
about thing,
, nme how liu< often collocates with a lif.
, b,iug back l11el11ori",
Exercises
41.1 Combine Ihe word, in tho box 10 form fi ve coUocalions pre, enled on Ihc opposite page.
b"'t child
_oom
delinquent disa!l.ct. d
pradiv .po<lt yoocll
A number of orh" collocation, "'ing word. from the box are possible apart from thos e
pr.s"med in A. What are IMy?
4 1.2 Complele Ibese shOTt dialogues u,ing collocotium from 41.1.
1 A: Antonio can play all Mozart', violin cooc.rto< and he';; only nine.
B: Yes, I've heard he's a .
1 A: Meena has just had a . on. I want to get him a present.
B: Well, they've got lovely things for in the shop next to lhe
hu'pitaL
3 A: Why did tM police decide to build that new unit for young offenders?
R: It waS suggested by a bU'lUcssman who'd Onc'C been a _ _ ____ . hi msel f.
4 A: Tim', older boys are nice but the YOlmgest . cream. if M doem't get hi, own way.
Il : Ye" he', a _ . parents give him whateve, he want.'l .
5 A: I've read. lot recently abom yuung people who le",l alienated from , ociety.
B: Yes, there seems to have been a spate of headlines about .. . " .. "" ....... """" .. ... ,, .
41.3 CorreCT the collocation error, in the<e l enience<.
1 It i, .n too co'y to make your do,e friend, and your family for granted.
1 Liz', got fonr children and she', just bought herself a sports car. 00 you think she', going
against , orne kind of midlife crisis?
3 My ,isler got a baby boy la't montb.
4 You'll spoil your daughter if you keep on wandering to her ev" y whim.
5 My par .. lts are vegetarians, so 1 admire their wishes and don't cat mcat in their house.
6 SOHY. I must M having an elderly moment. I just can't remember your name!
7 Jaequi insi,ts , he has seen Ihe mistake of her ways.
8 Don't worry about your daughter lea"ing home. She won't go to any harm.
9 l.,..lake sure you don't let the child out of your view.
41.4 Explain the difference
41,5
!II
1 lea. ing home and leaving the house.
2 a hazy memory and a distinct memory.
3 a grumpy old and a dear old man.
4 an occasional twinge and a sudden twinge.
S a hahit and d. velop a habit.
6 fall into a pallem and fit into a pattern.
Cross out the word in each , et which doe.
not form a normal wllocation.
1 / lead / go I 0 comfortable life
2 a tirm I familiar I pleasant I stabl,
3 f,elliooit llalk 1. "'-, ,,; your age
4 go throngh a crisis I stage I divorce I problem
5 undivided I p"fuI I Ol"fUll dn.<e attention
6 share I lip I rekindle I stir liP memories
7 have adventur-. I a baby I "i,ito",! ai,
8 "nl;menlal! I prac/;Olll out.ta"dj"lJ value
42 Celebrities and heroes
Contents of 11. celebrity maga:line
page CONTENTS
1) AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH PAOLA SIMONE. Paola lets us in on the
secrets of her wedding and the lavish lifestyle' she now leads.
11 JOEY WINTER GOES INTO REHAB'. Sources dose to Joey the truth
the rock Itar's drug problem.
J(I ACTRESS PHILADELPHIA MARRlOn tell, the t ruth about her prenuptial
agreement) and divorce' from fwtballer Tyrone Finton.
M A ROYAL KISS AND TELL' . Traina Grabb, ex-girlfriend of Prince lienrik of
Glosvatt is t o story t o the highe§t bidder!, Who will buy it?
41 COURT SCANDAL. T@nnis ace Bach Kanda, in t he second of t wo in-depth
reveals some of the secrets abl>i.lt match fixing that kept
him ill the full glare of publicity for mllCh of lIIst y!! ar.
ri ch and extravagant way of life
, (. hott fm rehahjlitation), getting trra"''lem
in a clinic for an addiction
, legal agree ment made before marriage
dealing wid, the distrihl1tion of money and
properly in the e,'ent of a divorce
Speech at an awan:ls ceremony
4 linformal) diyorce which inyoked
argument, and legal problem.
, (informal, iournali3tic) a story sold to the
pre .. ahout one', loye life
• person who i, prepared to pay most in an
",lCtiOfl
We are hete today to "debrate the achieyementS of Monty Sharpe, a
remarkable film diTC..:tor, Monty'. Ii<st full length teatu"" film, Li"coln'.
Boyhood, about the life of Abraham Lincoln, was highly prai .. d by the
"riti", and u"eived nominations for 0 numkr of preMir:iOll ' owa,ds,
Monty', film-making g"", back a long way, He made >everal short
films at university which received raVe reviews in th. student pre"" After
uni"er,ity he SOOn Tealhed hi, ombition of working in cinrma when he
got hi , first job at Sheepton Studios.
l\lonty soon began directing "nd enjoyed " meteOT;" Tise' to fame.
Critic, have praise Oll all hi, work, highlighting his uniqll e
approach to film. It i. my great honour today to be pU>ellting thi,
award to him. The Director's Rowl i, tht highcsT accolade" which
can be offered to "nyone in hi. profession. We offer Monty this award not onl), because of hi, own
achiev. ments bur "1'0 because hi, work ha' had a 'ignificant impact' on .11 of our k o,img young
director, and w,11 do so for mony to come. Let me , hare with you ,mn. of the glowing tribut .. '
which have received from OIh" di " ctot< ..
.. -----'
I rapid rise NOT 5ff<mg iu'poct
1 lOp . ymbol of praise and 4 extremely po, itive cc' mmcnlO
So CAreful with ..... """rd ,uc=,. W. SO)' '''''' enj "1"'d or had . lICeH •• 11 """"
wor ld, NOT ""'""'" fI'<!>' ' OCCCII.Y"" maQ a ouce ... of sornflhi ng, for
• • :S .. mad. a wee . .. of fl.r...".,. job >nd w. o prom_ d . Itor .j """
Exercises
42.1 wok al A. Are rn,"e , enlence; true or
1 ' Sourc," close LO the Prime Minister' mean, 'member, of Ihe Prime Mini>!er', family'.
2 A lavish lifestyle is one that occa,ionally the
3 When ,omeone goes into they wam to leam a nev.' , kiH.
4 The highest bidder i, the mo,t important person asking for , omething.
5 A fairy tale wedding i. to cost a IOL of money.
6 If ,omeone leiS you in on " secrct, they tell you , omething not geLleraHy known.
7 A h" aI'l<I tell ,tory i, one where a couple talk to lhe press about their relationship.
S A agreentem is an agreement made JUSt after a
9 The 'full glare of publicity' is a me1aphor on lhe idea of a bright light ,hining on
someone or some1hing.
10 An exclusive the interview does not include much in form.tion
about the inlerviewee', private life.
42.2 each sentence using word from the oppo,ite
1 Shelly Winter enjoyed a .. ... to fame in Hollywood in the 1990, .
2 Carlo, nevor realised hi •........ ... .. .... of becoming a top footballer and play. d for hi.
local for 20 years.
3 The critic, have " .......... ......... praise on De Sma', late" fil m and it has nominated
for an Oscar.
4 In 2001, his latest novel a ... .. ... .. ........ . for an award bUl ir did nOt win the
pfLZ • •
5 The filno wa.' ....................... praised by , ome critics but it received , on .. negative
review, too.
6 Imel da Fry !?Ive an interview to Cdeb magazine but ,he didn't ... many
7 The film
8 He .
.......... . , ... succ,", on l>oth sides of tf>c Atlantic.
a success of his in music and travelled the world.
42.3 Malch question wilh it, an,wer.
1 What kind of divorce did they have?
2 What kind of interview di<l yo"
3 What kiml of impact did have?
4 What here to celebrate?
5 What does she want to sell?
6 \Vhat YOll got to present?
7 What , ort of agreement did they sign?
S What .'><) rt of accolade did ,he get?
9 What kind of wedding did they have?
10 What kind, of tributes were paid to him?
Au excl",ive
The highest.
A faiTytale on • .
Glowing
A prenuptial one.
A very ,ignificant
Her achi. vemem,.
An award.
,tory.
A messy
42.4 Which coUocations from Ihi, uuit the opposites of the,e expression.?
1 a mperficial iuterview
2 a gf.dual rise to fame
3 a minor impact
4 a simple lifestyle
Ru d . n .rtide fram > C" '"' ... , ;0",. of> <olo brity m"tu;"".Yoo will fi!'.d """ ot
WW'H. I>oIlomopzi r>e.,<>m.1+ow manr c"Hoc.,i" ", from 'M UM c. n you fiod' ""1
i ...... ' ting ".... ce>l!oc",ion< th>t you lind in it.
43 Criticising people
Lecturers and !itudents

Student, lh ... day, are ""t they u",d to be. Half of them ore bonc
idl.] and the mheTS hm"""n "ttimde pmblem". They Seem to ict anyone
in to lIojversiry these days - I have >cry ,Iippery customer) ill one of
my class",. He", mOTe m!c,estcd in mindless "iolone. than hooks "nd is
ready tn piLk. fight
4
at any opporlllllity.
(informal) extremely Ia,_)" 1 a n.gative, unoooperati>. attitude
(infOfmal) 'OrMon, who Cannot be trust,,1 • provoh a fight
Lecturer' these days say that ,rodent, hal'c fl" respect lor authority but
they ,eem 10 hold u' in c""tempte'. 1 alway. seem to lah the flak" jf lhere\
" problem in os tf.t-y ha", decided thot I am a di,ruptive inAuencc'
who po"ons the almosp/l.re for ()ther student'. But, " l ... e it, if a cia"
is a disaster, lhe blame r""I" birl)' and squarely wi,h the lecturer. Thcy
"hnuldn't be to sbick th.i:r r .. W lIS student •.
'd"pi,e 'be held r.,ponsible 7 romen"" who cncouroG"' other, to k have in "'0)'
• it i, the fault of • no "ncntion to their responsibilitie,
Critical exclamations
These collexation. are quite forcdul, but can .Iso be osed humotollSiy. A rising intonation
combined with a 'mile will soften them.
'I am you would ,toop to thot level!' [dn ,o;omcthing", bad as that]
'That w", a really ditty trick to thing to do]
'I think Ron i, 0 nost)' of work!' [an umrustwnrthy person I
'Your was totally oUl of ord",,!' rver)' inoppmpri""J
'It """ a downright di<BmcelO like [ab, alutdy
'I wouldn't trust E.,. an inch!' [wouldn'l trn<[ at oil]
Other collocations relating to criticising people
exampk m""'*'g
1"1 1011 you . <ocr", ,gain.You ha"" touli)' b<!trayed my trust. di""PP"intod me bee.use I
e-------------------------------------------------f"''"''"'''">,,'",,---------------
, H. did r"""y "",II, l""n lh., h<!I, only • child. It', not 1>;'- to moko what .omoo",", has d"""
; hi. a.ch;oY<lments. 'OQm unimpo,...nt
You',. lotting hi, good look, <loud your judgement. .fI<ct your iootemol\l ""Pti .. i)'
Your "'''Y wo, not "ad. but I h"", , few ________ _+ "=",,'"' "",",""""" ..... "'-____
did you to ov .. look ,uch a glaring obvious mi, .. ko
He Did he was l<IIv,"" "'" Ix!.::au •• hoi WM ,id cJ mr cOl"l5tmt nagging,
N_ <11" wo "y deep di.u.t;'bcdon. NOT di .. "isf. <:ti"". for ox.mpIe. I . m
writing to rxP'"os, mr "-P lOo", ...
Exercises
43.1 Look at A. Find wllucation that matcM' each of Ih ... ddinili(>!lS.
1 an untru,tw(}flhy porson
2 , . mole"ly viok m b."hay;our
3 not takc (>!lc's dutie, seriously
4 pnw(}ke a fight
5 be blam"d
6 'poil the mood
7 d. 'pise
8 a negative impact (on olMr poople)
43.2 Find a collocalion 0tI the oppo,ite page that could be ",. d abootth.,e pwpk .
1 A colleaguc, 5u". do.,n't seem to YOll 10 do any work ,111.
Sue', ,
1 Another <oIlcagu •• Gw rge, ",ems to be making the atmosphere al wOfk less pleasant
than it nsed to be.
Geofse i,. . ..... """""""."." ...... ,, ..... . "." ... ,," at work .
.1 You suspc<:t your neighbour, Glyn, is inyoh'ed in ,orne illegal
I wouldn't .... " ....... " .... ... "",, .. ,' .. " ...
4 You ,honghl yom sister, Josie, W3' rather silly hut now sk h" done something
particularl)' bad. (give two answer,)
Josie'< beha"iour waS _,_'''''''''''''''' .... ,.
S You arC not complete ly satisfiffi wid, Ihe tr<lnsiarion
work do"e by your student Ix,",u"", IMre are a
few error, .
T have ,orne ,
with yonr translation.
6 You th ink your " ew neighbour looh li ke
a very unplea,ant person.
-"iy neighbour look.
43.3 Complete these collocatio", u,;ng a vttb from the box.

hold
botray
,.(k
1."""" """"" , . someo"e's truSt
2 in contempt
" ___ __ .. ,,"""'" an artilllde problem
4 a fight
S the blame
6 .. ," '''' "" -' __ « H" eone', achi evemcnts
7 ___ . somcooc', jndgement
8 ,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, .. 3 dirty trick
9 would never ________ """" to that level
10 __ ""_"",.,,"'" no respect for
43.4 e,,,,!. sentence using the word in brackets in th" appropriale form.
I The papors are increa<ingly full of ,wrie, of , "iol enee, (MIN")
2 Your work i, full of ._ errors. (a.' RE)
3 I'm afraid roor . oo is a __ influ"nc" in my lesson •. ([)]£>tun)
{ Such dreadful behaviour" a downright . __ . ("RAef.)
S It\ \"er r unkind W belittle hi, _ in that way. (ACtUEvn)
6 Hi, parent" constam _ _ """ made him keen [0 leave bomo_ (NAG)
44
References
Not. the u&Cful to use in referwce letter. in the texts below.
A reference for a student
I om h,ppy to act a, • ",fere< for Ilona wflo has .pplied to do ooms< in >rehaeolng)' at
yo", uni>""ily. non, h" • keen in«"'''' in arch..,oJogy .nd altl)("'Rh ,he lacl<o ru;perien.,.. , be
make, up for rhi. in her ""Thusi"m for the arch .. <>Iogy ""the d,,,;,,,,l world. Sh< ha •• n ol1oyclop.edlc
knowl«lge' 01 Anci<nt Greece and Rome. Bowe""" , he ha, mon_, ed [0 some
pra,tle"1 '" . he worked on " dig fur two wee., in Gro« c I, ,,, "Pij], and . he i.
t o honing' hoc pra<:fi<oI or tile same dit ov..- [he "muner holid. y. Her dreom heT
iDleftsl. in orohaeology i. ofpan.""",nl ;'''p<>rj""".' (0 iler and lllIIl '"'" , II< hOI the .bility to ""'0'
(h" •• • of lhe CO" "".
very strong interc" • Inaking perfcct
, vC(Y . "ten,;" . knowledge
, (form .. l) gain "" perion".
, (formal) o"'trtmd y important
• deal with the difficult a. peets
A job reference
It i , my pl<",ur< fO provide a M<rence fur l'Ili] u<, woo t..!, appliod f<>r tbe PO" of Mar"' tlng
Man.ge, in yo"r conlpmy, I COIl whoMttatlodly reoorntnt'nd Mr L"" for thi, fl", ition ,, ] h ..... ""ry
ronfidtn<o in his abilily fO lb, lasks' iTKiicolcd in yOUT j:>Il d<,criptioo. H. h" ",,,,,,bble
financial a<:nmm' O!l<l cxcellcn, intorprt. "".l skill,. He i,. tODd l<am player and whil o working be,..,
110, ,""v<aI.d" tatem' {Of b .... i.' diflicull ,itwalion<, It EO." witboot soying thot you <on
tm. t impliciUy', I run conrlden' thaI if yoo werc to off., him tho po, ition would quickly bec"",.
an invah,abl< "IC",l>cr of your loam.
perf()nn is a more formal way of •• ying carry out ra.h
1 talent in fina""i ol matte,"
, (fotInal) show. d a , al . nt
• trust him torally
Common errors
Thcn; arC a number of errors which are frequently made when students ore u quired to
write a refer ence a' an exam task.
' W corr. aian

He ho, I>igh compute r ' kith _ 1>.. £oodladvance d computer
He h., i, highly educated.
He "", good I.,..e l of education_
A ,"er.",,'Y
" i'" "it" •• oi . OS i.
A well_qualified " ,<:rotary i, requirod.
"'QUi "d_ A , ecrttary with good qualifications is roqun d_
Ho h., . Rig" k
,
I" g' of Engh h. hit, good I all advanced knowledge of EngIi,h.
He has . wiM subject>. Ho hoI an exte mi"" I .. comprehens;"" knowledge of
.. ' ubjoet>,
H. ho, g, oxpo .... of «!a<hirl\:. H. h1' con.lderable e xperience 0/
H. ","n>god to gM. good roiati""' hip with
I
H. to establishldevelop a good relationship
hi' boo ... with hi, bo".
Mr D.., i, . ' '" 'Y ap p, •• iU •• member of ,<>If, Mr Day i • • highly ".Iued "",mber ohuff.
92 Engli<h Go/locatio,," jn Us" AdYan<td
·4. 1
Exercises
Compkte each Ulrn.; a mIloc.n;oo from A. Th. firil an ..
10 help you.
I 1"""11 u hs 1 k. ., ............ _
particularly in In..:
2 Su,ie,. l<Wkin!: focward 10 h
a cou,.., next month.
"" "" in all hi. scllool $" bjc<:ls. bm
. h., wmpllw, .......... """,, .... ...... .. on
J We SCI the jub a pan ic\lbrlr dift>cult in Old .. 1U d'sco"., r who would b.sl
bot 3bk: to ill ................ _._._ .. _. _______ _ the co _ ................................ .
-1 '(ou can .-est lhal your happims:!. ",ill be 01 p. .......................... __ .
..................... .• .... tt> ""'.
5 My hmther ch<)SC llniyenitr it ""' . lh. II<'St platt fOI him 10
p... .. ............. "" .. his i __ . ........ in marine biology.
6 Over the years J n'anaged to a" "" ...... ,,' .... ..... ..rlenty "r e .... ............ ..... ........... _ of
Wfl rking with young peopl • .
4 • • 1 Rewritc semmce using rhe word in make it!nOre formal.
I Paul knows a loe ah"". ,\I, i",o h .. "",,.. (L'CYCLOI''' U1OC)
2 "-"=> i. ycry goo(1 at dealing wilh pei)ple. (puul
3 F.[Ic did a lot 0/ wOl k on forms whco he wu in C ..... oo. (ACO.JI. ...... ml)
4 Toyah II» ,,(I .... :"l1 e"l Icaching qllalific:u ioll bu. , he h....,·1 d<101c much work ill 1M
d a"ro(Im)tt.
5 I have total ItU.l III Dr n"hinwn. (IMrtlCf11.\')
6 Thi, job will ()ffer you the periect oppor!UTlily t() become more at working with
"Wmpme,. (IIOSll)
7 I am totally coofident you will b.. able to complete , he (CONFlDtNa)
g ]t wns DunU II·. talent for making mon"y led 101m promorion. IAOJMu<l
44. 3 C..nrrcrl the ,deJmce "'lief btlow..,. , he "n<krlined wilh MOff: app'Ol' riale
collocarion •.
[ .." ""PP!I '" iIg ••• """"'" for Jamea M<:fIoId.t, 0I!>0 h"" ;opp/l<od 10< a _-.Ina pool. .........
la"S'llI!I" ..,hool, I U!!!l .""'Y (»nSdo""" '" M, MdJIldo·. ablllt"'. "" a "'''''hooo. He! _ c... ..
... "m." "",,\Ing nl tho ochooI-" I hm 1'TInd1',.t """ "" "'1\.1 a """mb", 0/ 0 ...
• talf. He _ . wry .""""".luI ln !J£tIiIIg a tt!ia!lcn.Mp ",Uh balh ""o&mU and ... If. He h .. _a_
high erlnr .lIgo wtth . partlculorly !!!ldlt \_It<lge. oIl3r>g!ish fi te,atur • . HoI .",»bIn ... hiIIh teaching
qtoalfioc"'lOnt »'1'0 IoIo!Ick of teaching lew!. 0/ EnoJioh, H. "joa "".1Ii!Ib
""""",117 oI<lIIo • .mIoh ohould <;erloinly 1""''1 uoduIln a 106..o",,:"'\.sehooI such ...
-
« .4 wlloo;31iOfL
44.5
II
I JOllnr reUMhd I some . Urpri1'ng (:l ien!. dunng our c"p.:";,;oo.
2 I'd I imp/reif/)' "",ommend M r ("" for promotion.
J Mehmet hu every ab,Ii,y to meet I N<rf lhe chllleng .. of the posi'iron.
4 I delisJ>ted 10 I act a reference fllr !<.:teen. Mistry.
S The p",ilion would require Y" " 1<,) pl<rform I "aile a wide range (>f
6 Your contri bu,;o",", 1<,) I),e are / ".lued.
Use '" dictiona' y !\> IUt<J Ofh .. wonl. ( 0 Ihts<: WQfd forks.
.... : :7.ICU(llCn ... pctftxm ________ ...
Appearance and personality
A Describing how people look and behave
Note the collocatium In theSt: inlW'iew;s where famous p<ople Ji.cu" their own or other
people', l"'ISOll,lil}, trait. lor
Fllm 'till Jerry :Bowen
Intervi ewer: You seem to have had such a special relationship with Kara HamOD over
many years. What is it about working with her?
Bowen: Kala', wonderful. She just seeIm to have boundless energyl and she's
been able to boost people's c(}I)lideoce<, especially new young
acton. She has J wonderful, bubblyl personality Jnd she's gOI a dnding
smile. She bears a 'triking resemhlan.;c to' Ingrid Bergman, one of lh.
great cinema h. ;luties. She has SOme wonderfllll"'lSonal qualities that aTC
'" rare in stars nowaday •.
I lot, of .nergy 'make more cOllfi<knt l lively • look. vcry like
Ex-rock mlr Eddit Stewart
Imerv;"wer: You alway, had a tronbled relationship with your drummer, Kaz Porter,
in the day' of your band, The Loop. Kaz died in 19R7. How do you
remember him now?
StewJrt: Well, Kaz was nO( an ea,y person to work with. He had a very thinly
disgui,ed
J
dislike of the music industry and the people in it. Politeness
wasn't his strong point! had a real stubborn streak" that mad. him
unpopular with and agems. Ilm, you knuw, h.hind gn,ff'
exr.rior he had a sharp witS.
Interviewer: You , ay gruff, sam. would say downright rude. Would that be 100 harsh?
H. always SIOemed fedl of pent·up anger9 towards world in general.
Stewart.: Well, 'rude' i, a bitullfair. Yeah, h. hJd a forthright
lO
manner, and he was
capahle of open hostility jf he thought we were being manipulated.
Imerviewer: Y .. , h. did display Some rather ",ary characteristics.
\ bordy hidden . , <luhh.xJ1 side [0 his 7 rude and [lnfriendly
• wos "ay amu,ing in clever wa}' ' anger which he didn't e>cpres< 10 di"ct
golf .. Andy Barstow
Imervi. weI: Andy, you're retired, you're a senior citizen, hut everyone would agree you
certainly don't look your age
ll
. WhJ t 's your secret?
Ilarstow, 'i);Tellthallks.I'm sure some peopl e would say I don't act my age';: either!
Oh, that's nOt necessarily a bad thing! YOll do always seem to bUr>ting
with enugy!
Barstow: That's whJt golf doc, for you!
" look as old a, you in , manner eX!'<'C1ed of yom age
Other useful collocations for behaviour and appearance
Sne hod a blank cxpre,,;un 011 ber be • . ]_,hoWln8 no under, tanding or emotion]
He alway, gave a w;lrm, friendly mul •.
Tracy's new colleague, gaV" her a rather cool r"""ption. ]unfricn<lly wdcuru..]
You have been guilty nf unacctptablc benaviour.
l'm surpri<ed yOIl find Jack unfriendly. He', always heen friendly to me.
Angela has a mth .. abrasive manna. ]rIlJ. ond unfricn<lly manner]
Exercises
45. 1 Match word, from each box to form collocation_' from the oppo,ite page.
Then match them to the definitmn, Ixlow.
blank
grnff
'triking
<001
,tuhborn
bubbly
per' onality
streak
reception
n terior
resemblance
expresSIon
1 two things or 1"'opk which look very , imilar
1 a >cry Jively 1"'r","
3 a 1"'r,on', face which ,how,; nn (TI1otion
4 when i, Ixing inflexibl e
5 an apparently ""Ie and unfriendly personality
6 a ,atMr unfriendly wekome
Ammtda oftm had a blank
cxpres,;on On h", faw.
45.2 Which of th .. e thing, that poople say would usually romplim(:nts?
1 Hd Sh(, ceminly looks his/her age.
1 HelShe's downright rude.
3 HelShe" bursting with wergy.
4 Hd She ha, a bubbly personality.
5 HcJShe ha, a velY abrasive manner.
6 Hd She ha, a warm ' mile.
7 HeIShe', full 01 pent-up anger.
R HcJShe ha, oound,"" energy.
45.3 Compl ete thi, converoation u,ing collocations from the box in the appropriate form ,0 that
Nell ilway, agree, with Zoe.
b....- . ",;kin! ,..,ombI3r>:e to
lorthrigllt ma""er
boo" YO"' caolid<:nc.
h .. . lat oI . dmi"bIe
1 Zo(': Torn looks a bitlih Brad Pitt, he?
bunt with energy
<t1"O"l: poio1ts
Nell: Ye" he He. him_
1 ZO<;: ,\nd very good at making you feel more isn't he?
Nell: Yes, he's great at _
3 Zo;; : Though of COurse he doe, , ay what he thillks directly to yOll.
};ell: Yes, he sometime, has a rather _ -. _""" -._"""-._",, ,, , """ .,," _____ _ hm llike that.
4 7,00: Me 100. In fact, r think that it might be one of hi. best characteri<l:ics.
}.;ell: Yes, you could say it is one of hi, _-._" ."",."."" , I suppose.
5 ZO<;O Well, he has a lot of gGOd point,.
:-<el1: Yes, I'd certainly agn:(: that he, _
6 Zoi': He's very enelgetic, for example.
Nell, I 1M way he's alwayJ, . It's very attractive.
45.4 Complete each u,ing the word in bracket, in the apprupriare form.
1 Teresa i, alway£ , fri<:n dly towards me. (PERl'TICl' )
1 Can YOil see how HolI )' i, looking at him with open _________ ? (ffOSTlLE)
3 I refuse to p\lt "I' with ,,,<=h, hehavlo,,,. (.KCEPT)
4 He Jisplay£ a lot more a1tractive -._"""" than hi, brother dot_, .
5 The woman looked at the uf&:ial with __ ___ _ d"gll1seJ contempt. ('nuN)
6 The <Ur wa, up,et that his home town gav(' h,m " J<=h a . (""<:I'M'.)
46 Time and space
Talking about space
000
Hi U.,
Kow f,u,<n.ting hou,e.llLJ"'io, i,' w,,'VfI iu<l.
looked at a oity-<e ntro fiat neat Oliv..-'. n ...... job.
Tho "'tlt. agent'< .d said It w, .. "paciolJ,', 11 ..
ha! How anron< could 1m, in ,ueh a confined
I I don't know. I,W'>. tiny. I k""w you ......
I to expoct cramped condition. in the city
centre but w,,", ridiculous.Weh short of
spue , .... ody whe", we . '" flOW, what with the
new baby and everything. Kid, take up" lot of
.p;tce, don't 'he'll
L"" • •
Sorry to hoOf of your probk>ms_Yo,. kld. 00 ,oom to
take up • lot of room. But ,",ton,. Iri..,d of 00I"I
h .oIlir1! .. r hoIJ" in town 000 """'ing toAu>l ... Ii>..
but ,!>ere', ample' roam f<lr. I.m'/)'
with twQ childcen.Th ...... e>'M • 1"""'","'" ,!»oJrt>
it', 00<. vHl: ""p;m .. , it', """f pl.",,"," The ... , •
,I>«j 00 it .. t" rroment, which i, • bit of a was'"
of 'pace' b(J[ ,ho, could bo to lea ..
room for • rIO .. boJt 00
• qui« " ,..'" . 00 ,!>ere .... e ' '''''1' plerxy of wacant
porki"ll 'p.te •. Let "'" know you'"
... :1 11 haw • word wit), t-.

",
I Olore than enough 1 bad u<e 01 ' pace when there i , limited anlOunt of i[
No[e tha t you can say leave space/room; short of .paceiroom and
np lot: of However, you can only talk ahout something being of space
(NOT a waste of ffie\H).
Talking about time
In these maga,i"" dip', not;"t the useful collocations for talking about time
Pop 00nd, com. and OY4>' tho «IlJ"" of tI •• "l.
OOt_ b.;ortd, h,,," ..... de ,ua, • '.,.Ii"ll co •• rib."ion
"TO. B<,tl.". To.y will go down In hi .. ory'"
9<""" pop rr>J,;cion, 0/ all tim •.
rr<J<;c ... ' cl:Srl i>h pop in th<
196O>....-.J 000 of 'hoi' '009' bock
",.""" ... of that un/org<tt,bl< 'i""'.Their mmie i> >II
pnI •• rwdlor _Wit)'"' 00. _, '"' of CD..
, u "mc PH", ", ' he r. m.nlbe,.d ' c.n .Iso he goldeu age; perK") of tlInc when a
business, etc. wa, verv mccc", ful • (formal) kep, for !"'opl. in [h. furore
s,,1W1op r,.., • ..... ' If. ,h. -'" ....... o.n .. 1'01\: \"btt. If_. 01""", 0,"" ••
em....""'" .... "_01100 ,1>(1< "".....- Jl"'r" in. _..r,.. ",-0)0<' .Ioa, 1>0. _ ... .....,
, (h[erary) • tune m ,he dlSton, past ' glory ocre mean.< 'beauty'
For m. r1\' piiOIIII, !I"Io 19m!; ... notIl i'g ""'''' tNt" • dim ...,. _, "-. M in tho '*-In ttlIt IIow
Npud" thcoso cI: ... t:cm in 101 t.9n 10 .. 1M Maw thai rIiIcadol, wtfd1 " IIiI ",,, I "IIiIItIa tri,. .......,.
f« mLdt of tho pofI'JloIion. 0, 1 "'-"<I t"".....,.. 0... , "IIitI1 pom rd _ ,. Of ""mi,.,.., Of ";!h
l M, i, Ml ock. They """,,,,', lrown M ....... c:I\onJo in'" rm--.l1IiIaIn'.AW
indicaionl . " tNI.....,.,. m<>!"6 ""r....,.. .... p 10 .......... ..... in t1w ""--*_ "".
rcmembered ., lightly, but not very well ' 11m the i1lnnedi. I< future hut rdalivdy nu r
• as far imo ,he future a< c.n imagine or pl.n for
III Where . lccm>.tiwI • • lOr 0 colloo""ln. m,ke , note in 10ur voabul>ry boak ,nd 'n" 'he
II oltrtrrlO."' e, tog<th.,-. 'or ex. mp le. take up (a Jol 01) .pace/room. a f olde n
Exercises
46. 1 Match me hq;:i""'1Ii 01 utb . en!ence ",ilk ill <· <>ding.
1 Living in >uch a confined
2 TIt., piano (ook up n 101 uf
3 lb;" ofli .e is than the cramped
4 We're becaul't wc' re short of
5 Wo domol'sh<d uld I)"'oou,," 10 lu \·.
6 Tht attK is a of
room fnr l bigger btd • ..,n alld utiliry room.
su going!o C()llvcrt it imo a &rudy_
space i, difficult with three ki ds.
room,"" we wid it.
ilr>ed In worl< in.
whue w". e t ho.' 1nUmf:I1!.
46.2 Complete :second Sf' hl(1ltt using " collocation from Ihe SO lb • • it ba. Ihe
13 .. '" meaning as .he firel smuntt.
1 Eiu"",,;,, ', id.al ligmfic:antly contributed t () our unde ... ",nd;!l3 (If the nniv"n".
Einstein', ideal " ... """" ,.,_ .. __ __ ......... ,., ..... . ,.,. __ our underilanding of Ihe
UIl LVet\C.
2 The hotel ear park didn't have any room, 10 we !luked in the m oet,
Th." were no ."." ................. hOld, S(j we parked in the JI" el.
3 r ew pI-,opk nOW h3ve .ny ck a. 111<.mor;es of the Secnnd WOTld WM,
The Seco" d We.lo:I i. now " ..... ____ ._ ............................ _._ ................. .
" 'nn't p1()blelm wilb nur furnitu", 3S it' a big hOll..,.
II 's a big house, S() Ihere ",;0 be .. .-.-................. .. . . .-._._._. ____ .-_ ............. for all our fllmiru,.."
S She croned the ehOlmau. S.noui desert Ofl ho. $<: bacl<.
Sh" .... , ''' .... ,._ _ .. _ ...... "",,.,,' "of the Senoui <ksert On "O,"Old.
46. 3 Rewrite the undulil1cd pari nf each ,emenCe alulS a cnllocation fro", the t>pplIr.!te page
ba.ed on the wOlds in bracket,.
1 It's tcn Y""u since
2 r (an'! see any gnal
3
(GO
,
The 1I:ltioll'. worn lragedy. (00.") 5 b erythlnlS
6 I n th.: U jdy nur lulua; we can ex>"",!
to (>lhcr planets.
46. 4 Compl. re !h. crossword.
AClOi$
(fORf-'H)
!he cily
I The p3lace was I<-'S!cm:d 10 its forlller - .
J n.e e. "nl1 have - 011' lives.
S Tb31 ' 0118 "'in(l;> - memories:.
6 Ibinp , ha p" til<' - of J IlJti<J!I.
7 It ha pl,"" ed ", ;Ih;n _
Down
1 It the _ .ra of Italian fu<JtbJ IJ .
1 My s<:hnoldays now juS! a dim

3 This ,able !3k .. op 3 "" uf - •
.. Tbe castle""" been pr=rvcd 'or -.
5 The wnag" i. a ",mnant <Jf a ._ on.
Sound
The coiJocati"", marked ' "'" ,od"'r literary "nd nO{ in everyday
The human voice
He, " a, " some brjd extract, from novels, where reopl . " voices and 'p"o<:h arc dcocril>cd.
• unnox nOTic. d a traer of' a foreign in the m"n'! ,·oicc. It Was" boomini voice,
one he had bdore, ffi"ny years "go.
o Lucy', voico falt ored
3
• as .he told her sad 'tory.
• Wilson g"n a loud laugh> oS watch,d Robert tryin" to fire the gun. Theil, in a gmff<
voice, he said, 'YolL're mel.,,! Bring it here!' Robert m11llercd s,,"'cthing under hi, breatl,
as he obeyed.
• Mildred mot with a silence as she enn.red rhe room. II wa, as if had lost
th.ir voic • . Nobody uttered a word' '" she ",,,Iked aero" to the tobl • .
• The woman ,,,,,h with" broa,f So:;on;,h She had a mcher husky! voice, which
J"n,,,, found attractive, bur , he ,lurred her words' a lirlk, a, if sf><, were lOa tired to talk.
o Mumed'o voices f><, heard coming n-om the next worn, then" strangl.d CTy' t. , a,
though someone wa, in pain,
o Polly', ,ugge, rion mer hoots oflanghrer' >' , Shc rai""d her voke an!';Tily and
shouted, ' Oby, do it yOUT then !'
,'ery , Iignt 1 verv 10lLd 1 10" ,trtngth on<.! he,;tote<.! < low, unn-iendly and ho"h
, cold .nd unfriendly • nme, Thi' eollocariOl' is normally in the negarive or has a ["gative
;uhject 7 101 accent>;) ' low aL1d rm,gh, ofren thought TO be "'tractive
, ,poke undearly, rlLn"ing the ,ouro<.!, toge,hcr 10 quie' ond nnclear
II weak, high, iL1terrupted ,000 .. d mack by a" ex'rtmdy frighte["d or anxiou, perw ..
" t.(1und, "f loud laught.,
Sounds and silence
Here .re four winning entri es from a studem competition, The theme of the
competiLion wa, 'Sound "nd silen<:e',
c\;!p' 01 t""""",
""" • deotltly """"',
In , .eft wlthpe'
t,e t..us the moon
how be.uti/ul ,he;',
In lI>:: SlR'ct below, tl><' inc. ".n" no;",
of ""TIl 0"" "'n«
"I ."d r.".
HuL nly 1(,"1 m.lk« no ,ound
Hero in thi' <I.1r""'"" room
suddc" lou<.! noi", m,de hy thunJei
, which neve! ,top' • domioalts
Sik!nro okscc"ds otL Cartlunoro Lake.
My beart j , still,
Only ,m, di.tont of 0 cr)'
mn be heard.
A dull thud' ,w,ken> mo.
Th. «lund trav. l, from
til< vol ley where it w", m,,",
to thi' place hor. ,
where M DrIC d.,.c, "'t out .. cry
, e,,'reme silence, in a way that j, unplca,ant
uncle" ""lLnd nu\de when something hea>y fall s
Exercises
47.1 Read the "ntenc ... Then answer the questions.
De,pite nis gruff ,'oice, "abTlcc', boss i, acru"lly 'IUlte an approachable person.
Zara gave a 'trangled cry when ,he realised the child W" ' injured.
K",in spoh in a booming .oice, a, if he were an army sergeant.
Ilona rai ",d her YOK:e and angrily add"" ", d tne young man arrhe dOOT.
As ,he entered, she could hear joe's husky voke addr.ssillg . omeone.
1,-
I Who .poI<o k1 an . """mofy loud voleo!
,
2 Who <poke k1, low, routh, but P""'''P< attr.lcti"" """yl
3 Who.poke k1 • low. unf .. lendfy 'oko!
Who <tarted to louder than bcfore/
S Who made a oqh. k1ton-upted .ound off ... or
47.2 Complete each sentence using a word from the box in dlt appropriate form .
, ....
. -
1 The woman _. . a 'hrilllangh when ,he heard the story.
2 Try not to ........... ............... ........ a ,ound as we pass the bab)"s bedroom.
3 We didn't .................................. a ' ingle word as Harry told hi, sad tal e.
4 1hc sound _________________________ through the tnin walls of my apartment; I hear everything.
5 patient ... " .... ,,""""""""""'" out a cry of pain as the dOCTor took his hand.
6 Silence ...... ........... ............... in the hall a, Mr Traynor walked to the platform to 'peak.
7 The man's vo;,e .__ _ as he answered the derecrive', question,.
8 What', the malter with you? Have you .... ,""""""'"'''''''''''''' your voice? Say something!
9 Travi ! _ _ __________ hi s words somewhat. I thought he might have heen drinking.
47.3 Corre't the wlln<:ation errors in these sentences.
1 I co111d hear a ,light track of anlrish accent ill her voice.
2 Paolo was met with a rocky everyone tried to ahsorb the had new, .
3 The old woman let off a cry of anger when she heard rhe result of the trial.
4 She has a wid. American accent, though , he wa, not born there.
S I could thud< of laughter coming from the next room.
6 The voi'es were muttered, so I could nOt make out what anyone was ,aying.
7 Silence ruled in the classroom", the pupils were all hard at work.
8 Speak lip. I hate it when you mlltter something under yom voice.
4 7.4 Replace the underlined word, with their opposites to form colocatiollS from d,e opposite page.
1 Tne nearby echo of gunfire could I", across valley.
2 The jntermjttent noi,e of the planes kept me awake all night.
3 In a Iuu.d. whisper ,he <aid, look tonight.'
4 1 hoard a.lli;u:p tnud "s the men dropped the heavy box on the floor abo,'c ille_
S There was a jQyfuJ hush in the room a, General Wilkins hroke the new,.
6 Suddenly there wa, a murmur of thunder and it ""rted to rain heavily.
48 Making things easier
Choosing your approach
COMPLETING A TASK - HOWTO DO IT
When you need to .. ur" out too •• , ...... W"y to do Y"" hoye 10 explore different ways
of approaching the ""k. Somet;""" there will be many 10 <oo;i<ier.rId
,ometime, lhe", will only be one or two oplfons. You r.e"" 10 enli:<t the help of people to
give advice bef".-e Y(}U on which method to adopt.
Tn. be" .dvi"" i, 10 take " approach: br .... k Ih. task down into '0 thol! you
are d"ling with ,mall manageable chunks. Thi. w')' Y"" will ;oon find thilt s.omelhing you though!
wa, hard j, in ,implicity itself'. But be careful, don'l . Iw'y' t • .., whot look. like the easy option.
TMir.k nr... At t he ern!, you C"" feel proud that )'ou didn't ju;1 to.kUh. U'J way out' .
poosibl. • do i, <',,;e<, hut not what i. best - which may nJean ,,-,'oidinK
doing anything at,U
, ",orkahk
, extremely simple
Ways of remembering
N",ice the wll<..>eatioos in this text introdllCillg fOT improving your m.mory.
I
i
A train.d memory is an inunen.e a .. et
1
, paTtleulorly in life. Mnemonies are systems
for dealing with the complexities of learning and remem!,.,ring, OM !",ople who usc them
<:an recall thing. with .n am"zing of "<elUney,
1'11. Ancient Gr. eks perfected' a number <If techniques, ,,,me of which are stiR
u,ed ",diIY, for ""ample, t he first lener of each item w form a w<lTd that will help you
the whole list of item" For you might the female nrst name,
AIJA, to !,.,Jp YOLl reo.1I th. phmse degree of aoou","Y_ Or you might think of t he
word BIIG, which will giv" Y"" thot collocate with hair {hlood, aubum, gingecl_
A "mple of .,11 memory training ,ystem,
i. ehe idea of 'Initial Thi, work' in a
wny, The h. sio principle i .
that the . y. u,m }'()lJ mind
on whatever VOll are trying to tem.mber fur jU'l
long enough to fo,c. lniti:il /1",.1'<""''',
'I'his may sOllnd like hard work . t /i,,,,, but in
fac' training 'ystems are pctfe<uy
simple. O,,,,e you have tak.,n time to leom
Y()lJ will be able to irutantl)' recall any
n. w ;t. m. of information you wont to, ",ith

,omething of v.lu.
1 verb i , pronounced /p3,'fchl
J easy to Ulw. rstand or simple

other <tuden,,_
<0 h. lp roo Ie;o rn vaabul;uyll1,,' '''iblc.,h,ro mcm wirn
Exercises
48.1 Answer these questions about the text in A.
1 Which alternative. is it best to foeO! on when consi<kring ways of doing something?
2 What son: of options are tho,e that could work well?
3 Which Optioo is not always the bt81 one to take?
4 What sort of approach can one take to make a big t:osk more manageable?
48.2 Match word, from box to form collocatioll' from the opposite page.
COIlCCn,,,,e
porf"""t
toke
u.. motNod
,ule •
48.3 Complete D's responses using collocation< from the opposite page.
1 A: I notice yom tennis serve i. much beller the,e Jays.
II: Yes, I think I've finally ...... tM techniqlJ<:,
though it took months of practice.
2 A: Wa, the new compmer to set up?
1\: Yes, it wM .....
3 A: How did you get on in Ihe ,ace?
II: Well, I actually managed it with remarkable
,given how unfit I wa,!
4 A: I didn't envy YOll having to sort oUi 200 CDs for the school mu,ic library!
, I>< mind
,"" time
II: Well, it ,ounded like al fim, bm it wasn't in fact that difficult.
5 A: How well does the pedometer your son made at college actually work?
II: With an amazing. .. .. ........... ......... iu
6 A: J have to sort out all these old pap"'" and I in<t don'l know where to start!
B: Why don't yon. . the ta,k down into chunk< and <kal with them
gradually?
7 A: Do you enjoy working with collocations?
B: Well, ii's worth. time to learn them as tf,cy make your language
sound so much more
8 A: How was your computer course?
B: Good. I find il mnch easier to deal wilh Ihe. of programming now.
48.4 Choo .. the correci collocation.
1 I u,e mnemonic. to help me important of informalion.
A 'pots B obj ects C items D slUff
2 We.. .. ... all the different ways of gelting helore eventually <keLding to fly.
A exploded B exploited C D explored
3 The system works in a... .. .... . way.
A straightforward B slrong C straight D forthright
4 It's a good idea to divi<k la,k up into .............. chunks.
A portable B manageable C edibk 0 thinkable
5 All memory syslem. work on tM same basic ................ .
A promoTIon 1\ prime C principal 0 principk
look .. thi. rnn amoni" .i .. hlml. M, k •• ""to of """ful
0""'.
Difficulty
Adjective + noun collocations
• Life ,.ems to have b"en 3 constant struggl e for her ever ,ince ,h. left home.
o When ,he dectri<:ity went off everyone wa, ru,hinp, .bout in;l state of confusion.
• Losing tn. job .he loved so much was" seve,e blow for Ann"_ She took it very b;>dly.
• OUt ph>ne wos GUlc"ned kcaus. of adv. " . weather conditions.
• Unfort"n"tdy, "ftcr the ",;dcspwld flooding came ",ide'pread looting of the prop'tlies
that had [",en abandoned. Meanwhile, ill"ny f"mili e, n:moined in grave danger the
flood <howed little 'ign of ah"tin",.
• If you continue to ,moke there i, a high risk of
your developing" numk, of seriou, d;""",.,.
• Jasmine's birthday party wos a complete
di,a,rer. She decided to iny;t. all of her own '!fld
her , j'Ters' ex-boyfrienJ, - with catastToph;';
results.
Verb + noun collocations
colJoooOOn

tackle.
P"""
• ri.k
minimi,e. risk
, ofish ,
.pot.n error
enmunter difflCulti ..
"""",omo hurdle.
fi&h1. ,CO" .urvivol
di •••
How do)'O<J think we ,hould addre., ,h<t traffIC en our
MON mu>t t>. dono '0 tackl .. ,h. AIDS problem.
Nud,m w"'pon' po.e a th .... at to tho whoIo world.
Most thin" that",. do en ,fe carry ,amo d..:",e of ri.k.
No' ri>k
[a e ncounte , '''''''' ",iti" difficultie •.
A •• h<t ""., born blind ''''' '"". had to ",,«come many ""tra hurdles in
hor lifo.
Poor peaplo in thi, for .u ..... ival.
Th<t I the emergency.
Di ... ter .truck th<l provine<! I." Jun •. who" torro. n,;'1 ,.in, c,",ed
mud.lido. In m.ny ."'"'.
R.memb<r that we make mist ..... •• NOT do tni>U.k.,. "'. u,,,.1ty ........ pr<>biemo or
probierTH!.iLli'" """ ",,,,,lIy .1", have/ex"","",'e NOT
at,OtI"If'< ,0 And" ooIutjon. NOT ziw . dJtion. •
or o<oc ..... NOT happen ,od dit'flC.-ti ... ori .. , NOT.....-.
Exercises
49.1 Find a collocation in A that bas the opposite meaning of these collocations ...
1 favourable weather conditions
2 a magnil1ceot success
3 an ea,y ,ide
4 isolated flooding
5 ,light danger
... and the ,ame meaning as these collocations.
6 total confusion
7 disanrous result>
8 ,eriou, risk
9 a terrible ,hock
10 a total di,aster
49.2 Completc each ",ntenee using a verb from the box in th. appropriate form.
c.rry """dec re'pond
,trike
""oklo
1 The government is doing all it Can to . ... .. .. ................. . the drug problem in our citi es.
2 Wc had only just set off on our holiday when disaster.
3 Can you. the six deliberate errorS in this 'tory?
4 The interMtional comm<mit)· does not alway, ............ .. .............. a, promptly as would I",
desirabk to an emergency.
5 Any new enterprise _ _ __ ,0mC of failure but that should not derer yon.
6 I am afraid thnt Sandy'! pwblem, at home may be. . .. hi, progress at school.
7 If we ........................... the problems together we should find it easier to tackle thcm.
8 Ily the end of the expedition the climber> were .... ..... ..... .. .... ........ for their,..,ry survival.
9 A man like that in a position of power. a serious to world sccurity.
49.3 Match ea.h qnestion 1145) with its respome la-f}.
1 Is Roy enjoying the challenge of his new po>t?
1 What Can I do to minimise the ri,k of falling ill?
3 What made them deci<le to po"pone ,he match?
4 What happened aftcr the carthquakel
5 How Can we addre" the climate change problem?
6 What was the hardest hurdle to OVCrcOmC in your jobl
a Ill' reducing our carbon footprint.
b Widc,pread looting.
c Eat healthily.
d He's relishing it.
e Gende, stereotyping, probably.
f Adverse weather conditions_
49.4 Correct the collocation errors in these sentences.
49.5
!jI
1 We are getting a number of prohlcm' with our new Car.
2 prohlems happencd when we tried to follow your insHuctions.
3 Somchow our society mnst give a solution to the prohlcm of child poverty.
4 A difficulty has appeared with regard to a member of our project team.
S Ev.n advanccd stn<lents do mistakes with this type of collocation.
6 I've always found a lot of difficult;.,s with English spelling.
Use a dictionary or corpus to find two other collocations for each of ,hese word,.
1 encOllnt" 2 tackle 3 pose
Quantity and

size
Countable and uncountable expressions of quantity
"O,e expTessions in the table all mean quite a lar!,;" number or amollnt .
colorn' im
• ,,,,mpl.
• t ood/hir low
A good few ",ud. "", 0'-" li""ly to got in"rm", ",.,j wim
• fir"-ob." • .
_.
• good'f.ir n<lmber
W • • pent a good number of _ .k< ",fo,,,,,,I, u.od with
the projoet

a A .ignificant number foc"",l, u, . d with

pl<dgod th. ;.- ,upport.

• , oo,tan,iaV'ignif"",n, , We took a .12nlfocant quantity of form. l, u •• d wiot, ()f
quantity pro";,,,,,,, with "'. uncountable no"",
• , ul"",nt iall. ixnifoan< He'll xot a .ub.tantial amount of formal. u •• d with cooo:<:>Ur><>b ..
,moon,
""""'r whon hi. die>,

Other expl"essions about size and quantity
We couldn't believe the ,heer quantity of food on lh,- tahlc. [tho surprisingly large amount]
There's only a finite number "f day, until th" exam.
[limited number]
"J"h. ro",n i, a good .ize. [quit. larg.]
A teacher needs t<l p<:>Ssess unMtJuded enthu,;a,m a,
well a, infinite pati.""e and an endless supply of
gr><>d joke,.
They astronomical fees lor the COm"'. l .'ery high]
w. had a bumper crop of tomatoe, last year and I gave
away 1() <lUr neighboUr:>. [informal; '''''1' large crop]
Unemployment reached epic proportions and this led to
,ocial insubility.
The rock star died from a ma.siv. ""erdose of
I wa, amaud hy the sheer
.iz;e of hi. office.
An overwhel ming majority of the population are in 01 rd<>rm.
I visit.d a 1m "f differ.Dt relative, and drank an inordinate amouut of lea.
Try to l1se a wide rnnge of "",abulary in your • .say.
"J"h. re i, a wide variety/choice of things to do here in the evenings.
The new math, teacher i, an unknown quantity. I hope ,h,,'11 get on well WiTh the student,.
[a person or thing whose nrc not yet dear]
Common errors
Th"rc arC a number of errors oftel1 made hy learners when talking about quantity or site.

cor"", WOrd(l ) CO/iOCi1!"' with . w'''''r wOld($)

minority •• n""""or, quantity,
-
-
large quant"Y. amoun(, numbe" nujority !", ...

I"£,,. hizh

...


importance. ' ign ifi<a""o
-
--
Exercises
5 0. 1 Rewrite e:och ""'!( OCC the word in bnKIo£c,;.
We had a hIge number of "pple. from our Ir«s
la'l year.
2 A [01 of t hei r from lhe
aparrn-..m. lhey rem out . (WMTAmJAl)
l I fet! confident that quite 3 few peopl.
will fur Mac. (r.U . \IU)
4 Jill .. room at i, quile big. (Gooo)
j w.: don't haooe 3 D unli",;IM ntunb« or
. 0 "'e're offeru!$; the,.. on a 6"'I-<:ome-linl:-
..,rvM boas;s. {mlmll
6 1"'8, lerrifed when 1 ,aw how big the dog: wn (,.'UK)
7 I n ill don't know whal my new colleague ,! (QUAI<rtIT)
g wcrc rather a 101; of careless in your homework. (r.,l )
50 .2 Complele eoteh Wl lfllce ..... ins" 1'I'0nl from lhe oppo<ir.. ).lage.
I n.e Grun P" ny WOII Ihe elecrion ,,·ilh an n\"el",helmmg ......... .................. .
2 He did nQl ,calise how $Imog the l"hIcts and died of 3 ID" .. iw ........................ .
3 s.m.., law)"en arf: known t£I d.aq;o: _ ronomial .. _.-.... ................ .
of The govenunenl didn't tau 3000n "mil infuonnn h;.d rea.mM epic ... ............. . .
j I have" profound admiration for your lister's infinite ..
6 We didn't have many plum! last year bm ll,i5 year ",e a bumper ............. ________ ____ .
7 Paul doe", '! like coffee bUll drink n j ub!lantial .. ....... ..... __ ......... .
Ihcrc used to any nightdub. here b\\lll<1w there arc" good .. .. ..... ..... ,
50. 3 the {Vo' O nf collocalions from the nppnsitc palO • .
1 unbound.-d qU3nr>Ty
,
bumper .. nl
3 astronomical enthusiasm

infini te parie"",
1 fai c
.. ,
6 endk .. I,w
,
inordin3te <uppJy
6 skcr crop
50A Pul a lid< io tM OOl< i r ,t.... eoIlornrioo. ;. pnw hlt.
-'"
--
-
-

-
" ,,",W'"
-- - ,

.
....
,
..
" .. ,
.
_ .
•..

,
,
,
""'-
,
-
I . .
50. 5 !lsc a dOaiODar)' or o"li..., ro ..... s to find ""0 Ofhtr cnLi<>cJ.tio". fur each of d,,,-,,, ....,.ds.
!II I infinile 2 3 '""' ..... endless S ma.$iw:
EnVs/I CoIoolI""" .. 1M l OS
Change
Collocations with chonge as a noun
The," have D.en dramatic chang •• in the climate of the Arctic region ill the la<t deca<k.
[v.ry <udden or noticeable
The governme"t is proposing fund amental changes to 1M law, on marria"" and divorce.
[basic changes, and more important thall anything d se]
'11"" a radical change in party policy 11\ 2003. [great or c"ncmc change]
The new manager made , wceping change. to the way the company was run. [change
affecting mall}' people/things]
LeI's go swimming this morning instead of jogging - it would make a change. [be pleasantly
different to one . usual toulinei
Rc. d the tcack ,', com""" ltS on your essay' , then make any nec",sary change, .
The changes in the system will implemented s(){)n. [will be put into opera tion/practice]
1;'" change in th. d ecwral system ClrM about of widespread public protest_
Many change, had taken place in my hom. town - and not alway. for the b. ttu.
Collocations with change as a verb, adjective or adverb
111ing' can d,ang. dramatically, fundam. ntally or radically bur NOT 5" eer iAgl y.
PrQi1unclation changes imperceptibly over the yean;. [changes so ,lowly that you hardly notice itl
In the t.n yean ,inc. our last m.eting, Ir. ne had changed beyond r. rognition. [changed ' 0
much one couldn't r. cogni •• her]
If we call SOrMon. a changed maniwO<nan we mean that he or , he has changed for the o.ttel:
Life in th. village r. main. d unchans. d for ,,<, nturi. s. [formal: ,tay. d th. <arM]
Som. people Me much better than others at adapting to changing circumstance, .
Other ways of talking about change
rxamp1e commem
The hotel had uodergone a . 1' 0 uodergo a revival
tran.formation .in<e owr last stay.
The exch.nge ... te 1lII' been Huctuating g;>ing '-" ond down In an l.qlredi<:tilile (also ".ed .,.,;m
wildly o_er the Ia.t (ew doy •.
t. mptrow" I'! and >hare prices)
We hove hod. mode.t increase in . 1' 0 ' modest improvement. modes. gain,
, tudenn enrolling 0<1 our COut-'''_ modest wheno <light or , man

Th.re h .. bQ. n a sudden shif. in . 1'00 dramatic shift
opinion in f' 'fOUr b:>n 0<1 , rnokini _
--
Amy", work .hows eoo' idcrablc on. oppo.it. mit ht bQ:There is room for
improvement. improvement ill her work.
Our childnm·, lives were turned changed dramatic;olly. ",uaUy (0' tho wor ..
up.ide-down when """ """""""'.
Eld. ,1y PQopI . someti "",. find it difficult - keep up with chlngas ond adapt to <hem
to move with .he times.
Profit> . how an iIlcre",eldec""",e and.how '"" upward I a downward trend, NOT
it'«'.". <tc.
f i<! ur., ",creMe dc"-",,,tiully or >ignificM1tly. NOT imre" e
Exercises
51.1 Answer the, e questiom about the collocation. on the opposite page.
1 What i, the oppmite of:
a) to change imperceptibly b) to caned planned changes
2 Which of these words sugge.t major change" and which minor challg" ?
a) drammic h) slight c) fUlLdamental d) superficial c) radical
3 Which i, the more formal altertultive in each pair:
a) The town remaim unchanged. The IOwn i, Ihe ,ame.
b) Over the years the school ha, changed a lot.
ave .. the years many change, have taken place ill the schooL
4 If Someo,," ,ay, Emma is a changed woman, do they approve of the challge in Emma?
5 Is it ea, ier foe a young per"o" or an elderly perso" to adapt 10 changing circum<tanccs?
6 If somen"e says 'It made a nice change going outfO! a meal la't night', what changed
- the fact that they went out, or the restaurant they went to?
5 1.2 Complete each . entence using a word from the box in the appropriate form.
cIr. rnat ic
,oow
..
t i"""
impk!mcn'
M"
1 The fi gures ...... . "" .. ....... . " a dramatic increa, e in the numk r of women in pai d
employment in the 1940 •.
1 My grandmother loves her laptop and hel mobile phone - ,he ha, no problem movillg
with the .. .. .
3 I can't face moving house again - I do,,'t want to have my life.
upside-down another time.
4 The pop music of the 19S0. seem. to be a bit of a (evivaL
5 The weather', been odd this month - temperatures have fl uctuated .... .
6 We have experienced a mode't .... . in profit" tbi" year.
7 I " ...... " .... ..... ... "" .. ... .ome change, 10 the document but forgot to Save them!
8 I thillk you'll find that the school ha, changed beyond
9 The new leader promised that things would change . . . and for the b<. '11;" .
10 When are they plan"ing on ............ ... . ..... . the chaogc, to the school cu[[iculum?
5 1.3 Rewrite each .""tence using the word in brack. t"
1 Your coursework assignment is still not quite a" good a, it should be. (ROOM)
1 Public altitude" toward, the i"ue of capilal punishment suddenly (SHIfT)
3 There were several in our management ,tructure last yeaL
4 The school programme ha, changed a lot "ince I wa" a pupil here.
5 Some quite . ignificant changes took place laSt year.
6 Penny h", been much nicer ,inc. ,he got th. job , he wanted.
7 My life changed dramatically when I lost my joh.
8 It'd be nice to do something different and ,' tay in ',,' '//1.
a hotel rather than go camping [his ,'ummer. (CHANG!') ,.'..', :
I
Go to www.blx,co uk and, earchfor'dima«
Clid on on. of "'. it. m",...d it Md
m,k • • no,. o/,"Y <ollo",ion, co ining to
' ,,"nge t h .. you fir><! in it.
c
Stopping and starting
Stopping
"""",pie
,-,
Tho .eeidoo"! bl'Oua ht lI.lli<: to • ha lt lor ' ..... 1 hoIn. often "oed >boot tr ..... porl (<tains •• tc.)
"Tho "<>ion .. d . halt I .. >t,iko .It..- 2 1. • pt_t <Orm<hi,,! from <or>Ii""inc (0·1.
mtli .. ..., .. ...:.l
-
TIl. choir two",,,, !lie _.., to a dow .. ....on ....,.j >bout di ..............
T .... nt'W tGdw- :lOOn "" • • ...". to bad
",..:I >bout UIlj><I\lUIo< ouM!i.,. or IWWts
in "'" cbss
! ( •. &. «im . ...... isotial . aMtIesl
They t el"rnin.t<>d Ith c"n' •• ct sir<:. i>< !oiled to mut , >Iso a p,..,nano::y
hi . .. leo tMJIts.
---
The I"""rnrr><nl rruy MI'ndon their policy "" 10 card, .
01 ... abandon an att10mpt to do ,til
.
uolk!d ,,1f t .... Hal'Ch .. 6>.rIc ......... l • <."".IIed;...., call off a rnatc:h '" c,,,.,,
. ports .,. ...
The polin> t.r.c d osed 011 "'" _t _ Ie .......
" bIodc .... ...........,., '0 _ po<>pI<
boinJ arne<! "", t/tttot.

Walt undI the.-c is . ""1 In I .... •• rion, "'.., .... '" lui In I'" n, h .... , (in
<an 1 • • ",,_ m1i<ary <ooll",)
Starting
A. broke we SCt off up tn. m(H"'1'llin. thoe $un Ii .. ! appuwij
Jalmine suddenly hl'okc into r,rnmd singingl
William ),...,lrc into a lIIn whrn saw (he bus lUy,ns. [.tarled runnillj; l
The ""in _ in ior the day. lir <tailed and .«me<! likdy to conrin"' l
. ",ok"..." "ff , he Ii .. &lauD..
C ...... mOls m . ... Ule5 (0 d.,.l w"h i!lCllal in. migrarion. introduudl
The chair""",," '0"'. <J{'ening romarkl, elm'" then entef"ed inlo rk oJ;""' 5S;"".
News headline s
MINlSTl::K AllAYS FRAltS"
F?ai' OF FURTHER I
Ot" TAX lNCREASI
I PflOCESSTALKS J QUflLS UNUSf"> ON 8OROf.R ]
flNAlI.Y NEARS
REl't.lIL1C BRE"liS
DIPW,,""l'I(:
STAR RUMOUIS' Of DIVORCE
CLEARS UP CONTUSJON
I
A HOUT !.VRl eS
J
WITH "t:JGIiBOliRS
1 meh.,. poople worry .bout
z ( Oln •• O an unMoocr ... f .. l con<[ulion
J alm .... t linis.hed
• mak.", .alm1enllO "" d the run''''''''
j e .. d, o mfu .. o"
j POP'! !"",ple wOIrling . b",,,
1 W"I" diwurbJllCe>
Exercises
52.1 Look at A. Which word fit, in hoth ,.nlenCe! in each paiT?
I "lbe Mini,,", rna,' be fOTced to ...... ,"" .. ".""". ,, ... hi, policy on con,titutional reform.
The climbers had to. " " .. "". their allempf to reach Ihe ,ummil hecau!e of had
weather.
2 During a in the fighting, aid workers were able to get food to peopk in need.
Have M"mething ready to "ay in case there i. a. .. in the convcrsation.
3 I think we .hoLLld. . ......... the mceting to a do,e now.
Did the demonstration ""." ... " ... " ... " ...... the traffic to a halt?
4 It's time the union .... " ........ ""." ,"" .. a to the industrial
The college " ...... off the match because of the bad
52. 2 thc beginning of each .enlence {I-S) with its ending {a-h).
I I'm afraid it wa, me hnming the toast that let
2 As .oon saw her mother the little girl broke
3 lkcause of the Pre"ident', visit, they've cio",d
4 I didn't 10 fall a!leep until dawn
5 J hope they won't decide to terminate
6 The mi.,ing child wa. found, <0 the po[i""
7 The school i. to imtigate , orne
8 We were halfway up the mOllfltam when the uin
,
the contract.
b off the ,moke
,
anti,bullying mea,mes.
d off the area.
,
,et lfl.
f into a run.
,
off their
b breaking.
52.3 Match each topic of a article to ,he mO!1 likely headline in C.
1 'There a who wrote a panicular <ong.
2 A prohlem between t"", neighbouring countries i, ,olved hy means.
3 A country recall. it. from Country.
4 Two countries at fail to reach agreemem.
S People arc beginning ro worry that there will be more
6 A celebrity denie. her marriage is Ovec:
7 Some "POrt! facilitie. will soon be ready for u.e.
8 The government promises rumours are untrue.
52.4 Choo,e the cotrect collocation.
1 first I'd like 10 make J. few opening! <u.ning remark..
2 I'm not going to ema! hring ! Wme into any further discussion of the iss"" .
. , J hope J can manage to collapse! staunch! all"y your
4 I wish we could put a do,e! ,top I hal! to the redevelopment plans.
5 Iloye it when she .park.! dears; breaks into song a, .he ouo
6 We must do something to off; dispel; hreak orf the rum01m about " •.
7 The guard" <oon to qudll wllapI'e; allay the unrest at the primn.
S Al long [ast the building is nearing finish I term;rralion!
53 Cause and effect
Collo.:ations with cause and effect
We have yet to the cause of this latest outbreak of foot and mouth di,ease.
!I.1ass unemployment i, believed to b<: the rool of riOIS.
Th. re, earch team thinks that a ,-ims j , fM primary cau,e' of fhi, Tn'" of
The President said it WDuld lake liIM for ,he reform, to the desirod . ffect.
It is likely to be ,on", week, we fed the full offert of t1", ris. in interest rareS.
Th;, morning'. dd,)"s to flight, have had a knock-on effect) on dep'rtures all day.
chi[urcn in""lv"d in the hijack are nm expected ro suffer any IOIlj\-terrn ill effects'.
,
ollgm J indirecT ""ult (NOT make an .ffeet)
I main Callse
; negative result, (NOte that ill k(c m..ans bad than sick)
Other words meaning cause
example mMning
The od'trti ' ing CMIlp.izn didn't the results.,.,., hoped loco lo.d to tOe ,0,"1",
Tho MW ... r'. d" ei,ion to .-.i .. ",m"", t>x provoked
au.ed. lot 01 public . n!:" r
"" outcry.
II t .. ehe".how IovoUTiti om, it breed. re • .,ntment.
""""" ott.<" feol ' '1f'Y and '""'PPI'
Mo.'y didn\ beIiove the rumolr> .bout her 00" but t""y planted mado ;"" fool uoco, t>in
doubt. in her miM.
The ruw', photo prnmpu,d !!peCulation th.1t she may be <ou,O<I _10 [0 w'p<>et
prqnont
Email h>, moro or 10« rende .... d tho IIIX mochin< ob, olote
Cluud to be "" u,od
N you Wl nt to moke .n d,"". you e, " ."t the wh""I, ma]a, ,,,,,", '" h>ppon
in motion by in thi> lorm.
Too wind will w,""ak havoc with my flowo",!
'''". , lot 0/ to
Our now noighl>our"s . r< !O it·, . tlOUgh to drlv" ""rone ir>klrm. l, m.1<o lnrry .... d "Pl ot

The "'.<0 muld di ..... ter lor the rountry. <lU.,e •• riou, problerr"
Talking about reasons and consequences
Mr Ball: \"i'hy did Jack bohave so in ch".,? There must have been some compelling
rea,on' surely. He mu,t have known there'd be dire
Mi" Cane: T don't know. I think hi, p,,,,,m' pwbkms might be a contributing
factor bm he rdu,ed to g;'·c me a roason. Anyway, I .. nt him [" the
head""adtcr and I'm ,he'll demand explanatiou.
Mr B,II: Yes, she'll certainly makc him thc wn,equenc"", of hi.
Exercises
53.1 tM h"Sinning of ,cntence with it< ending.
t I think that compl1le", will eHnn,ally render
2 The prdiminary meeting set tbe wbeel .
3 Her motl"'r calling hcr si<ter 'tI", prcny onc' bred
4 I .Iways ""pected the new tn, law would 'pdl
5 I'm sure tbat your hard work will produce
6 Thc bo,"', decision to el1l wages ptovoked
7 The way be behaved last night planted
The Minister's absence has prompted
9 The lLncenainry of the situation is driving
10 Thc flood, laSt week wrought
h.voc in luw-Iying
a11 outcry from the staff.
tbat he is unwell.
a positive result.
us ctazy.
disaster fo, tnc c<:onomy.
a lot oi resentment.
of the new project in motion.
books oboolet • .
in my mind about his honesty.
53.2 Complete each sentence using. word frum the: opposite page. The fim letters givon for you.
t Henry's mother d .................................. an explanation for his extraordinary behaviour.
2 Fortunately the conseqLJences were no! as d. . ... as we
3 Now I d,c.d h.ving to f... .... .. ............ .. .... ....... the consequence, of my over·ha,ty decision to
hand in my notice.
4 Do you any... . .. .... . . .. ,c.son for w.nting {(} invite zoe {(} come tOO'
5 When I asked the dOCl"r why I felt so exhansted, he said that stress might be a
c.. . factor.
6 Can you give me any sensible r.,. _ why we sh""ld d" something SO risky?
7 Unfortunately, the ,leeping pills she', taking are not having the d.. , ,effect.
g 'rh. has w.. __ ____ havoc the Florida coast.
9 I ''''pect that the jomnalist delib.rately wanted to I' """'''" .. "'' ''''',, .... ,," doubt, in his
reade", ' mind, abom the eifectiveness of the recent securiry measures.
53.3 Order th. words to form sentence,.
1 the! ncxt! neady! cra'y.! dust! site ! building! The ! me ! i. ! from! driving! d"or
2 them! will I time I establish! of I It! a I the ! the! take! calLse! long! accident.! to
3 moti(", I If I now,! yo,,, I wc<:k_/things I we I ncxt I visa I re.dy! sh""ld I set! in! he
4 on! I C!1stomer I produ""d I resuits.! The I ,urvey I company I surprising I carried I
which! the I some
53.4 An.wer the,e que, tio"'.
1 What is the des ired .ffect of any medication?
2 Is a knock-on effect usually welcomed or not?
3 Which other collocation in A has a <imilar meaning to primary ca"se?
4 If. <kntist gives you a local anaesthetic inj ection, how long dm, it usually take before
you fed the full effect of the injection?
5 Do you think society bas suffered any ill effects a, the result of the invention of
televi,ion?
6 you name an invention that has been rendered obsolete by new technology;
U,.. >nrch engine oc corpu< [() fond ,entomc< u<i,\( (.) (>u<e.t>d (b) ef!c", Note d"""" five
,en",,,,, .. lar o"h word. iliu<"ati ,,\: <rP',,1 , 000ooatl"',",
Describing groups and amounts
Groups of animals
When we describe a group of 3nimal., 1M word we u.c depend. on the animal. we are
talking about_ So, we talk about a of Jogs, hounds or wolyos but a herd of ""ttk and
d erhams (and other large herhivorou. mammal.). We say a , warm of bee.lloenst, (and
other flying in.ects) but we say a flod;: of birds and also a flad: of .he"p.
Other more unusu. l examples include a pride of lions, a shoal of fish or ,ardiDos (or other
'p"cific small /i,h), a school or pod of dolphins or whale. , a tribe of monhys or baboons.
Feelings and behaviour
Here are ,orne collocations using 'amount' words rdating to feelings and behaviour. Note thaI
the collocations li,ted in the third column do not all rd ate to (""ling' or behaviour.
exampk
- ,.
Tho ... was .. HurTY of Ib-ry , uuo.ts •• u<kj"n,
aemily os t he children ""ort period of intere"
fetched their paint<. 0.- >cavity.
I didn't detect even a Hic""r , uU"'t< . br;.,f
of emotiOil in OJ, cold eyM. exp"" ,;on of emotion.
Tho <""'Pi ny'. foglJm i tt Climm.r • faint
bo,innine; to offer a glimm .. r indi< .. kIn of >OmOth;n"
of hope lor the rut"",.
There w.o a t<>uch of T""," . uggeru a . mall
•• '" her .oice ... hf, amo""t of >Om<thln.g.
told u. her flOWO.
1'", experienced tho wh<>;" CarrwJt mean, tho entire
gamut <>f emotion. from "'''V' of>omothing.
;or to mrrow.
klVioog to join OUI" project A stroI« of me. n, • bit of.
team "' .. a .troke of ge nius.
Food
Set menu
"'"'
"'rIMr collocations
a flurry of
'peculation! ""Ow
a mcb r of hop" /int",,..t
a glimmer ofintereotllightl
und .... tanding
a toueh <>f humour/irony
a touch of cia .... sophiotic>tio<1
c"''''''to, '"Of)' .trOI'lgi>' wit h omotIon,.
,hough it can a" o 1:>0 u,od about colOUr>
0.- m",ico l noto,
a stroke oflud<; ho _ doe, • strok<>
of work (. Iwoy. u.od ",itM t ho> n<>p ti'l<!l
fre.hly made soup of the day. with .. hunk
1
of bnad
I thick slice (of cheese,
hrcad or meat)
Garlic chicken
(10 c\o¥t!s2 of Sarlic '" every helping!) serv"" on
a bHI of riu or with baked polatQ and a knob of btott:er
1
Appl .. pie
served with a gerJerous doll"" of Uf!_4
To fini$h, try OIlr <peeialily coffee wilh a drop of brandy.
a duh' of Cre .. and a spriooIdini' of dllll".001 on top.
, olle piece tah n from
" head of garl;':
, small lump "f hutter
• large ' poonful of
lam or ",",am
• , mall amount D( liquid
• . mall amount of h. rb
or . poc.
Exercises
54.1 IAKlk A. Which creature in each group has a different group word ?
1 bird,. be.,;, fl ie,
2 zebras, cauk,
3 , ardines, sheep, bird,
4 whales, dolphin', fish
5 elephants, baboons, monkey,
6 wolve" lion" dogs
54.2 Compler. the answers to the questions nsing a word from the oppo<ite page.
I A: What have the stock e"changes been like this morning?
B: Well, there was a. . .. .... ............. . of activity first thing but it'. qllietened down now.
1 A: Would you like your coffee black or white?
B: Cau I h,ve jnst a. . ............ of milk, please?
3 A: (on phone) What \ tn.: weather like with you?
E: Cold! There was even a .. . .. of ,now here this morning.
4 A, Do you think it was a good idea to write our nt:w advert in verse?
E: It wa, hrilli ant, a . .. ...... of genius! Everyune', talking about it.
5 A: Du I need to do anything more to finish off the sauce?
B: Add a of brandy . . of hetbs and it'll be perk<:t.
6 A: What do tl><: critics , ay about the film?
B: The Tirm:s critic say' it takes viewers through a whol e . . .... . of emotions.
7 A: Shall we have our picnic here?
E; No, look at that ....... .... .... .. . ....... .. of ants. u t', go , bit further.
S A: Do you think the pupil, enjoyed the lttture?
E: Well, I saw an o<;<:asional. . .. of inter.,;t but it didn't last.
9 A: Do YOll think ,he knows what', going on?
B: I thought there was a . . . . of understanding in her eye, but I'm IlUt sure.
54.3 Which is bigger?
54.4
54.5
!II
1 a dash uf cream; a dollop of <:ream
2 a slice of bread; a hllnk of bread
3 a head of garlic; a dove of gadi<:
4 100g of hutter; knob of butter
Match words from hal( 10 form ,allocations •
• • drop • IIUlTY of moor of ,0100" offi, h
--
• , pick
""""
of 00u0>d.
"fhurnooJr
,
.. • tooch cJ of 'Pcoub,iol\
Here some more 'group' aT 'amount' wurd,. Compl ete each , entence using a word from
the box. You need 10 "se 'OInt: of the word, twice. Us. a diaionary if
pinch <uitc <WI £
mr ", nt
1 Pass me that ...... ..... .... .. of paJ"' r, please. I to write some thank-you letters.
2 I think his story was just . ... uf lies without even a ....... ............... of truth in it.
3 The film st;>r is staying in a .. .. of rooms at the Grosvenor Hotel.
4 I'd like to pl ay patien<:e. Have you got a. of cards)
5 The speahr waS met with a ....... .... .... ........ of abuse.
6 Sumetimes Ian doe,n't seem to possess even a . of common sens<:.
7 Don't forget to add a ............ . of salt.
8 I'm so thiTSty. Cuuld I have , .... ...... ............ of lemonade?
ss Comparing and contrasting
Comparing two places
Emily h, been ofic,-"d ,,,,0 difbent jol}';, The job, at< similor bm the)' "r" ill
difierem IOwm - Alum lnd TIdy;l\::. Th. two towm boar ,ery link r<semblanco (0' .,,,h 011""
IlllOn j,. ,n,.ll town by die .eO; Ikh'ille i, OTltirdy cliffe".,.,!., it is a iarg" industrial town. Alwll
i, . i>",uliful old 10w1l which am""r,. IOl of touri,ts. Thi,;, in mor1<cd C(lntroSt to lId vii"',
which j, roth" lLgly town. Tr.:rc is. wilk ""ialion in the eo,( of :Kcommodorion1l1 the 'wo
rown" Emily could ml[" nor much mOre ck.ply in &h-ill •.
There" also. work! of dill,",",," in Ihe entert. inment 011 Offel ill the tWO places. !loth townS
have ,tv",i cinon", and theatr"" but b"aust there is a ckar di,(inction belwe"n ,he typ''' of
ptopl. who live in each - thero lor lnotO student, . J1d other young 1"'0pk inlkl.ill"
- thcr" i, • yawniOlg gap- b.twoen wh,. the ,inoll,", 'lld tl •. "m" ,how. Bel,ille lend, to b,av. a
lot of f(H'eiS;] lilrn, .nd o<igin31 new plays, .nd [hose Jre much more to Emily's US,"_ lli option'
io< •• ting oll! ,1'0 dilkr ",klely. Alwn is ,m"lIer, il has" 101 of go"d rtstouroms,
though ther do rend [0 he ,other ""p'nsive. Ild'ilk i, '"'" ",,,t opposite. It has a sm,,11 numb.r of
rdotively ,"oxpcmlVO r" lo","m, .
To ",m up, AllUIl 000 /kl.ilk ",oin nlany n"P"m poiar opposjI",'. Emily is finding iI hord Ul
up he", mind. A, ooon", ,he dtcir:l«; th,. rh< c:I bit'" outweigh itg dis:K!""ntag"" Ihell
""'''''(H1C rerniT><i. h" of rl", ",h" ,id. of til< atgIllllfill. Which of th<st two 'trikingly difl=t pb",:.
do Y0l1 dunk <b. snould ,koid" to mOve to?
dUll" I""k at all alike
,
extreme opposltes
1 all ",urmom difference
• ace monger than 'he
Finding a balance
l\,m: H",v\ work going the,. days, Karl? A.re yon "ill at the honk?
Karl: Didn't you kJl()w I'd left? I dt,cided to
do ;.omething fundamentally diffrrcnt
bst ycar and ,"uaiMd a, a reacher.
Tom: Wow! 'lbot', a bit of 0 chaoge! Your
salary os a tcad" mrely doem't hear
compui,on with' what you is'>t a, on
bon hr.
Korl, Ycs, but in oth. , resp<'cts teaching compac., very with bonk,ng,
1 find it very person oily ,"warding - the advantage, of ballkillg pale in
compori,onl.
Tom: 5.0, what appeals to YOll '0 mllch ah"ut
Karl: \Vdl, 0 teaching f, i.nd of minc onCe dre'w a compari, on between leaching and
gardening. Teachers tend children in much the same wa)' a, gardene," lend fluw"fS.
I love gardening,;.o pe,hap. tl> .. ', why I loy" teaching '0 much!
Tom: Rut 1m, of peopl" ,ay it's a 'lre"ful joh the .. do)·"
Karl: rrrhap'. When J lir" ,rarted, I found it hard t" ,trih tho balanoe hetween beillg firm
on,] king fnondly. I wamod to be my pnp;I,' friend but I <Don 1hat you
noyet tOlally bridge the gop h"tween pupil ond
Tom: Ye<, I gue., there', 0 subtle di,tin.tionJ beN"'"n heing fri endly and being weok.
Karl, That's right. Anyway I think he got rt.., right now and I have no n-gTets at
all abour my car..,r - despitt the growing disparity' bclW""n what I now
on,] the "I my ox-wll. agu", ,till at the bank.
,an'l b. compared with ',,-,em unimport,nt ',Iso ,ubtl . diffe,,,,,,,,, • illcreasing dift.rence
Exercises
55.1 Look at A. Compl.te the ,entences.
1 Ther. is _ _ ___ gap I",tween the Ii"," of the rich and the pOOl: The rich
po,"on', experience of life i, entirely __ from that of someone without
ITIOMy.
1 Once you have read both __ ___ ____ _____ ___ ___ ()f the argument, you can draw your own
concillsion.
3 The two approach" are in Jru>ny way. p()lar ........... .. ...... .. ....... .. .
4 There is a world of .. .. between your way of life and mine. Yonr living
nre, for n in marked to my Own.
S There is a. . . ..... .... .. .. _ di,tinction between lying and nOt telling the wf>ole trmh.
6 There wa. ___ ___ _____ __________ _ variation between the exam marb of the stronger and
the weaker candidate •.
55.2 Match the brginning of each , entence {1-8) with its ending {a-h).
55.]
I'
55.4
1 Hamla bears very littl e
1 llind i1 hard to appreciate the suhtle
3 In my essay I allempted to draw a
4 My ()wn paiming doesn't brar
'i Our resul ts were the exact
6 Students may find it hard to strike the
7 'n,., c()nference's aim is t() bridge the
8 There seemS to be • growing
a dift. rencc between the chccses from these
two regi()m.
bright b.bnce betwccn their .tudie.
their , oeialli!..
c opp,,.ite of we had predicted.
d gap between an;,iS and scientists.
e disparity between the rich and the poor.
f comparison between
and riding a bike.
g to her sister.
h compari,on with that of trained artiSt_
Choose the C01Tect collocation. More than one option may be po"ibl e. U,e a dictionary or
online corpus to help you if nece .. ary.
1 The two performers arC entirely! highly! sirikingly different.
2 P()litician. talk a I()t ab()ut how to join / bridge I cross tn. gap between rich and poor.
_j Tessa's work is OK, but it doc.n't make I work I bear comparison with you ...
4 lhere is a dup I clear Is"btle distinction between our point, of "iew.
S is a land I ",-orld / planet of difference hetween ()ur two lifestyle! ,
6 The two theories arc rundam(J11tally I Sirikingly I widdy similar.
7 There i, aln) growing I rising I extending disparit), between the haves and the have-non .
8 It is that you sr.ould 21so the other / / a!,pect of the argum_Hl.
Write sentences compMing life in the town with life in the country "sing the words in
brackets in a collocation from this unit.
1 {Ol!TWHGHI
2 (FAVOIJRi\lllY) ,
J (flJ'<Ll .",.NTAl1.Y)
4 (PALE) .. ........ ... .
S (STK1K'''''LY).
6 (llIfFH)_
Lcok in , good dictionary. u," a ,eo.rch ...,gino oc corp"' at ro find two
n-.oro coi ocation> foe: contr:o.". outw<;Zh ,nd g>p
S6 Making an effort
Adjective + noun collocations
collocation

mMIlinf
• de termined
MOke ha:; boon making" dete rmined effort • •• ry , . do", V1d tho rough . lIon
"'=
to ...... mon."..
• ,"""'ortIld oIIon:
'No ","do" conce rted . Irort to meet 1M our • d<tormioed . lIOrt. u:5ualiy made by
deadline. !his week. , .... rol people worklr,!: togttho ..
• joint effo.-t
I couldn't hove do"" it on my ow"
""". t[,uly
done by two or ""'" J-l plo
" Joint effort.
• '.am . ffort
Th. man" .... ' M . >le. for ce ()[) dOll. by . Z'<><JP of people
!heir magnificent team ,,/furt.
• vabnt effurt
Me""" ha; mad . .. yallant effort to keep up • br>\'e effort., tb< foe" 01 gr""'
wid' '''",rk de'pite he .. ;M"",,_ dffiioulty
,
m enuom eff"", St",nuou< . Irort. _ '" made to pr.",,", !he .ttempts requiring . lot c/ olFol'<
""'r from reaching t he f"'per".
"<' ."trZY
gi"- it bo"
AltIlouz;l> Ko rr'y did,,', ,u<c •• d., break,"" the make an u t empt!hat" worthr of

rero,d, ho K""" it hi . bed .hot. odmin.oon
. n .bortive Tiley made , ,,,,,,,,,I abortive attempts to (Iorttul) failed ottompts
• _mpt <limb {hO m<>i.IrlU.fn .
phy>i<.' oxert;"" I'm oxh:.",ted -I'm not ".od to.o much hard phy:;icol effort
,
phpkal exe r1:ion!
-
, h.rd k w", a hard ,Ioe Zettln8 my thes is r" I'Oed (inform>!) h .. d work
"" tim< but I tn:Ido it'
an uphi . muggio It'll b< an uphill .truule per<u:>ding tho bo" (1rlIorm>!) 1 lot of ofbrt with no
tt> m. ke t ho <h"'lges )'0" want. <or"'inry of ' LlCOO"
Careers advice
Noro collocations in this advortisoment for training work-hops,
• CAREERS WORKSHOPS •
Ou .. worl;, I"'1'" offor , .. hi"" to "'yo,,", who i, thinking . b"" , , nc'''' CllIccr. We can previdc a solution to
""y ,'.rects prQbkm. Our t ... j, bosed "" (I .. p .... "'i;;e (hO( "ICco"l"i careor choke "'quir"" . fIatt.
But if yO" <lOUrY la making 'he dccisi<:.", if )'0\1 fullo," oor Old";,,, .od hord I on wami"",
we guamn_ )'0" will .... lho "".,rllo<' of your effort" 1bosc who igoorc 0Ilr adm i<nd 10 fin,ilhei,
e= i, d ...... «lIO rail"",'. S<J if)'OO b.", • d""",r.1<: desire to _,occ..,d, <ko1'1 jll':l pin )'our bop<s <Hl'
good luok, <00'"' to of our worhhop' _ Our method, h",'e ,to>o<l the tost of tlmc-' . So come OIl, Y""
!:now it'> 2(1( 10 be ..... rth • t .. y_ up 10< """ 01 our """ .. hop< . nd you "'Oil" kd. bat·x .
• ", lyon
, bo reworded , heen p'm'ed . uee,,",{ui (h'd' a long period of [im. ,
J sure to fail
y"" mMe an effort, NOT do on __ "
116 English CoJk>cacionos ., Us. M."""e</
Exercises
56,1 Answer the,e question. about collocations from A,
1 'Max i. not ll • • d to ", much physic"l ""ertion.'
Whnt is Max nOt accustom..d 10 - exorci,e or intdlcctnnl "ctivity?
2 'Doing a degree while you're worki ng will be " hard slog but it'U b. worth it.'
thmk it will be straightforward for their friend to do a clq;,ee:
3 'Yon mustn't forget that the project a joint effort'
Is the proj ect the 01 one person or more:
4 'Ie'. important that you give things your ,hot,'
h , peaker encouraging somc(}I1c to try harde' t or to 'p. nd a lot of money?
5 'In 1905 n re"olmionary ma de an ahortiv. attempt to kill the heir to the throne.'
Did the revolutionary the heir?
6 'Yon' ll have to make " t. am effort if you want to win the trophy!'
1< the speaker talking about cooperation or competition hctween the mernb.rn of the t. am?
56. 2 Complete this paragraph using word. from thc box in the appropriate form.
l.ast year 1 decided to set up my own onlin!: company. I received confliC[ing
about doing so from different .• \1.y fri. nd, ,aid it wa,
(1) __ " """ " " ''''''''' '' " .. .. a try and enC<lnrag.d m. to make a (2) _
effort to get it My parentS , aid my plans were (3)_ _ ______ ___ __ ___ __ to
failure. J wi,h J hadn't (4), my "dvice. I wouldn't
have b<'cn in thi' mess now, had J (5) " """" "'''''' their warning., . I
shoold haH known that ,och a business plan was ri,ky, hut I suppose I
had ,uch a ""sperate (61 , _ to ,uccccJ thatlthollght I might
get away with il. lt', not b.caus< I didn't it my be't (71_
I made (H) ____ __ "" ""' '''''' ''''''' '' effort. to get thins ' (9i """"""''' '' ''". ""."
more or 1,,, all my to getting it Bm in the end it ju,t
(10) " _ too much I had (II) ______ ."",, ... ,""""" my
hopes on getting enough publicity for my ,ite but th'll just lKver happened. So,
unfortunately, it ,eem, J will never (12) , _ , , _ the of my
. Hort •.
56,3 R. write each sontence u.ing tho word in hrockclS,
1 It'll be difficult to get your work finished by the deadline. (UI'!-Tltl)
2 The appeal of Shak",pea",', play, hn, certainly lasted through the (uST)
3 It woul d be •• ",ihle for you 10 do what he advi •• , .
4 No par. n" c" n solve all children'< problems. (I'l'O\1Df)
5 After a few month, you will hegi n 1<> from all your hard wOTk, {uN I
6 Roh tri . d hard not 1<> fall bthind in th. race but he just didn't have enough stamina.
(VAU ANT)
7 Being very active phy,ically cert"inly works up an appetite. (f.nuIONI
8 A iaWY.T would prob" bly be tho he.t person to you. (OfffR)
9 I'm very much hoping J may win a sd",l"rship to th. coll. ge. (l'l"NIN (;)
10 Al ex ha, httn trying very h"rd 1<> do b.tter thi' t. Tm. (CONCHrIH»
57 Social English
All the collocations inlhi , unit are typical of mform"l Engli'h.
Conversations
Zita: r look Lng for . birthd"y pre' "nt for my Mphew bur I didn't II"" . mud, lucie
Yo" dun'l h3ve any bright idea., do you?
Alan: You could just gi "c him Some m<Jncy or " book token p"rhap<?
Zita: Th"t thought to mo, bUllhen it looks like I h"ven' t gone 10 any trouble.
Li , a: I re. Hy hate my sister' , n"w hoyfri end, Greg. 1 Oll t fw" meol wilh them h,t
nigfll and he Teall)' had . go at her fur being late. H . .. ally got to h.r
'
.
Pat: You'r. k ing a bit hard on him. I'm ,ure he didn't mtan any h"rml .
Li,a: I'm1l0l 00 , ure about th.t, Actu.lI y, I don't think I can bear the thought of ever
to spend time with him again.
Pat: Well, it's not you who j , going Out wi ,h him_ I wouldn't any ' leopJ o" . r it.
Ana: How do y"u reel going to work in T"mania?
Tani a: Goodness, new, travels fa't! I didn' t ""alise any"'" .Is. knew about it yet. \Vell, it
cam. as a bit of a .hock when she first told mC. Em, to be brutally bon. S{, now I"'e
had tim. to thmk "bout it, I'm finding it a bit of a weloome rdief.
Ana: I know the f. ol ing
4
• She can k good fun hut ,h. 's so that I ha vc to
say I'll he glad t" " . the hacl ofl her.
hoi: Ar. 1'00 up for
6
going to Sam" leaving party tonight? We're planning t" give him a
really good , . ,Kl·off.
Adam: I really oon't t hink I can it . I'm just to<) tired. Th. ,impl. reason i, I'v. hoen
on the gJ all w.ek and I haven' t had a decent night" ,le.p fo r nge,. I ju,t can't foc.
tho thought of going Out t"night.
hul: Well, that's feeble excuse, if evor there w ," one.
Adam: , know, and I f. elterrible abom it I ""ally like him. I might invite him to my
house for dinn", n. XI w.ek instead. WO\lld you Jik. to com. too?
hul: Sur., I'll be up for that. Giv. me a ring9 or drop m. an . mail with lhe del<lik
I h. r y.ry uP"'t
, int. nd to do or ""y anything wrong
, wouldn't worry
• 1 red the !;arne
, happy to SOt , omeone leaye
Common error!;
, would you lih to
, do .<omc,hing speci,1 '" say goodhye
, httn very bu,y
, phone me
Th. Corpus show, that candidates for advanced English exam, oft. "
makc mistakes with these collocatiolll .

example of error correct ,enWlCe
..
I 00»< I did n\ loMt: you . ny trouble. lilope I cau • ., you any troubl e I put you to any
trouble •
.

I'm ......,. Iookicl! fOrw.rd to , eeing roo. I'm ...,..lIy I verr much Jnnkinz forward to '''''int; you ' DOn.
Oopo yOIl will """"'gl, • .
I slnc.rely I very much hope you will .pclope..
I'm """I' delizhtod by Y{)(Jr inl'i ",OOn. I'm absolutely d.li;rht.d by your itwItatlOl1.

It', , pI ... ure to t....... from you again. If. 'll...,at pl" a,u,"", ID he.r from Y"" "Pin.
-

Exercises
57.1 Choose the correct collocation to complete each short dialogue.
1 Jan: Have you decided what to do for Sophie's birthday?
Gus: No, I'm "fraid I h"veo't had "oy 1 bright 1 idea, "t all.
2 Liz: That wasn't a v"'y nia thing for her to say when we were only trying to get! make J
give her a ga.od send-off.
Will: I know, but I'm sure she didn't mean 1105. 1 drop any harm.
3 Tom: Are you " ill on J up! in for a night out tonight?
Sue: No, I'm "fraid not. I r""lly need to get" big 1 ,impl.! decent night', ,leep tonight.
4 Ro" Cong[amlationsl I hear you've been promoted.
An. : Wow! News goes I comes 1 travels fa,,!
5 Flo: I wish I hado't had 1 gOI! gjllen a go at him for forgetling my hit1hday.
F.d: Well, I wouldn't lose nny luck I,Jup I shock oyer it! He's very thid-skinned.
6 Nell: I wish I'd spent less time going out with my fri ends and more time revising.
Tim: I mean! know 1 have the [eding. I made exactly the same mistake.
57.2 Corr.ct the collocation e((O(1 in thele sentences.
1 I'm very delighted with my wonderful present.
2 I'm absolutely , hattered -I've heen in the go all week.
3 It wa. a big pleasure to mttt you.
4 I'm very looking fOlward to hearing from you soon.
S It got as a hit of a shock when I heard thnt Ellen and Jim hnd split up.
6 To be ""ongly honest, I don't think he'll ever m"ke a good teacher.
7 I didn't get much luck wheu I was trying to find a new dtess for the party.
S I hope I didn't hring you' "ny trouble.
9 We strongly hope that you will vi,it us again soon.
10 The thought hapP"ned to "'" that he migflt],., in snme kind of trouble.
11 Please don't came to "ny trouble on my _""ount!
12 Drop me a ring when you want to be picked up from the station.
57.3 Complete the crossword.
Acro"
1 I don't want to go there again tomorrow. I can't_
the thought of it.
1 H, - got to "'" with his nasty comments.
3 Oddly enough, I found it a .... dcomc _ to be living
in " much ,m"ller flat.
4 Don't forget to drop us an- from time to time.
S I'm glad to be stting the - of myoId Ix".,.
6 The 'imple _ why I can't stand him is that he
very rude to my best friend.
Down
1 You can't too tited to come tonight. That's a
really - -.
If 1"" >C. not often in , n Enzl i,h-.f'doI<in( ,iMot""'. )'00 """y f.-.d ;t hard to I_orn <o l ocatioo, that
,'" typi<>ol 01 E"p;.h. .. \g_ film. an ley <>n downlo:od >eriptl from
Get t" ,<rip< o()'O'Jr I""""rit. film . rHl no«.ny good collocn\<lns from
. it" r tt.o f ... t or your fovou ri« >CQno.
Discussing issues
Political interview$
Oupite I. Ll thot you gave rtpealtd that you would not raise
taxes, you . eem to have broken rOIlT plomise and rai,cd Ili{k,,"nt taxe"
Can you offer an cxpi"nati<ln fCor why tbis Haven't you brtrayt d
The. of If><:
Pnli!;, ;"n: 1 ""j oct lha\ charge con'plctdy, We M" e krpr our " ... " i[Ql0 r.Qmi.e and nol
the l>asic role of iDcon .. lax at all.
Intervir:wtt: Yo, bu' YOUVt . a' 'Itd indu«I "" ($ instud. 5O, in dku. "ou' oe go .... h..ck Oft]
your promiw of no l2X increaS8, you nOli
Polui:m: 1\'0. rMdt .. mnurutmMt with ' l'8llttl 10 tl", ba..ic rate of income And r m
happy \0 naffinnl that comnuonefll nOJ W. Im,ic ,.. .. u; .... ill remain Ill1d"'nged .. .
THESE POLITICIANS! T11 EY
CAN NEVER GIVE A STRAIGHT-!
ANSWER! THErRE GREAT AT
QUESTION.
Discussing comm ... nication
I nQt kept, Of changed
in so.ne ""or
1 suongly ago.i n
J Jim:1300 no"""
• • ...,di nK
Tuto" Right . ] Wlnt to put the f"nowing question to you: del Y<lU think tn..· thmnnd. of
oommuni C3t\on b<;tween politicians and Ihe people Me ackquatc?
(1he studet,u Ii/em.)
Tutor: Wd l, ler til.: qucstion 0" p<> liticiall$ (<:l nlmunicate
dir<ct ly with the puhlicl Zo;;, Wh31 do you think?
lit. NO! II's juSi snundbit .. nn TV, isn't ThO")' hardly rver nl«l ordin!Jof)' people
face-Io-bu. They don't mind6ddini quesllon. from jou,.....lim, they' lt u..-d 10
m3t, not Im, .... 3. conrro"tlng the mues direaly .... ilh pe<l(Ik.
T" ror: Wd l, thln'l a fair camm""t. 1\", w ..... 1 aoout politician. who and
wrile hlogs) A,,· tbe.., ],.,tter way. of communic.,!o)l with people?
YOllng people don't watch TV; they'. e on the web all the time.
Paul: With all due T think you're mining the point\ if yOLl don't mind me
",ying Tho.: politicians can Hill keep their distan<:e. 'They don't have ttl fact 3
gri11i,,);J ft om inutn3Ii ", or anyoo<: if lher jUlt have a web JXlge olf B blOIj . Tn some
wav. JI'I thall me,li a mten-jew,.
'I illor: )'011< point' . Rut no Cat> m..,t /" ce-I,,·b u, '"
commQnicalins w"h as ",. ny peoplt as possl hlc mint. I,""hnologr .. dd k '!ttII as
more gtmnnel¥ democratic, it ?
lmdda, Y"", bUI , he y heC()"'c 1= a<=counuhle. ]f !!tete'. a thq JUI! in".. a
and "hen did you lalt hear a politicmn g,vt a (un .pology for geTting thuI I>-' wrong?
They enlel' l.nl<:l a contract witb the and if they they
. hould he a""ollntable, and not just at dcction
Tuto r: Right. Ob¥ then. Get iM<l grouP! and waYI in which p,lIirici4r1.! can be
mad. ........ c directly ,,,uuMabk. Okayi Ahnut ten
I iormnl"", ' dealiJIf wid> ' usru Idot<; ' ('e3ku dj""y= ",uk Of critic ........ . I"""""
They ate addn..",,",g mi","dr"13JIdiol\ the ,d.. "'pot:Ming 5 b ee a lot of
IOll8h quer.tiom • l eap. ' ,,",1 \ml hlo, ... a Soenous OfIin' ..... worth con,ideri"'8 ' bmak
Exercises
S8.1 woro. [rom e:l ch bo", 10 fU£III coll ocation. uiIC lhem in appropria.e f(lrm 10
complere the bdow.
• proml ..
• q"""i<>n
• dill,,.
.0IM0Ile1 InJOt
" commlt""' nt
..,
I He ""id be wo" kln'ltd ] of my pI .. " , bUI "" ......................... ._ ......... _ .................. ..
and shared wIth his wife.
2 Stu, was IlNI ble to .................. any ................................. for h. pp<."",d.
3 T wanl 10 ............ _ .......... my .. .............. ............... 10 your r.cocm", to help pool"r !ami] i ... .
-4- The Mini.ter .. ..... .. . the . ............. ......... denie.:! he had ,n,.led the
S Why do politicians .. .... The .. . "".. never give
honest
I) The Prime Minisler hal . the ......... .. ... . ......... ... of t ho.e who el ected her.
S8.2 Rewrite th. undnlinerl pan of e3ch Knlm.:t usinH t he wOfd, in hracket! in I"" appropriate:
font. in a conoea"O" from the oppoo.lIC paSt.
1 10 .. schnol's Dim:TOI tJ"IImmi cymOOC Qn . ond DJ fI I U in thal lhe !OChool nOl
going 10 d",pite "'I"'rts in ,he press. (GJV& KbI'I-,AT)
2 Hrnry broke hi' prom'!k: to lake pan in OUr charil r foolball match. (.....a)
3 u ' ps!!!d directl y , od b"m ul)' 10 • questin" . (n H!(;HT]
4 Philip YCO' fi rmly Ih3t be support u ... (looM"' ''1
5 Thank you fM dojnw "'hi rou ptomi.oJ tQ dp. (KEn )
6 Tho tcnm Quile skilful ilO$WCQ tg numl"" of ho5lik quell ionl from
the ",atch. (m.lD)
? We netd bootu:r wa y. 9£ CQIDIDuniqlUl$ with Olll cu1l0mtrs. (niANNU)
H I ll00:P! 1001 Y9U haw II aQ;!lIO£11l bul il\ vny ,o." plu (lAU;)
9 He 5lI jd br »'41 I DD pn IX'" sonV fo.- his ""1.:1,..,,,,<. (GIVE RJ1l.)
S8.) RaJ by different people, "n<wer the qu<sllo • .,.
Simon: I didn't quile know th, I><t. t way 10 uk him what I wanted IU know.
Arlene: I took more days ",II than I was nfti dall y and was fi. ed fmlll my Job.
Al, x: 1 had 10 anlWe. almost an hOllr 01 reaUy difficnlt questions althe
Finn: 1 couldn' l l lsn agreement with I"" builder Mc" u, e I didn't get the bank loan.
flco n!!: I wa, impotlanl in the kc:lme. was dId yon?
-
, I Who bced a anllin&!
.
fJ>rIi>:h ., u.. 12 J
59 Negative situations and feelings
Common problem' and difficulties
I a nasty ,huck when Janelle Cam, nome ynterd.y with" bb.,k
• Dilly hil his siuer in R fit of
• I feel ,ick with worry I I'm worri . d sid, ""'ry Ro. ;. g"'" out on her
• Jo,;l, lias up with anoth<:r hard""ined SChfl"O 1<, money. It wi ll no dwht fail,
jml lih til. last 1"'1;)' plan)
• His tea,hcl 's unkind rtl""rh h .c Tom's t<lnlKknu. I",,.df him :>11 1m
cOIIfidrncr]
• 1 took HI my OlOlru,r- in-l,.",·s unfair to. .... annoyed brl
• The dmu",,, of hav,,,S Vi4iw ... (0 Slay for whole fill! m. with mrlld. (=u.s "'"
fed very and ""Qlried, ahom o;on,.Thing iJ'l the future]
• The little boy venl to his by ... all ,,,',,,
the wall. [uptei!lcd his keJing. of fm.ual;"", vwt to i. only
"hout ""galive feelings]
• I tried 10 persll3de her to So to uuiYersity, in the end 1 10
admit ddc:al . I would nOl '''",-'ed)
• 11 you botdc up yow" you 11 ()DIy yOllr .. ...,.. bd ..
[don't nrprcos your Icclinss; make yourxlf feel 111011: .. rcs.<o:d l
Internation1l1 problems
The," WIIS an O\1lpo • .ll;ng of grief' Ihis merni,,!; wheu the of
Alexander Qn!l(lllnced. The 'oumt)' is . Iill in a "ale of afler wife,
Queon n,)rino, died . udden!y la,! mont h And there i. a f. ding that rloe Ki"R\
()WI1 inronsolabl. Rritf m"y !une hutc:n.d hi. death'. Thore ;" now of
OvCJ the <:rn.mlr)" a. much of , hoc pop"lation has inllo"
di. hh <>f the Jal. King'!;; dd .. 1 ..... ,.
report.n t,">doy c,iliei. ing the I'reiidem of ","nlm. ria f"r a lapw of
judg.,,,,,,,,) with to the di<paragins tom.,k,' he made in a public speech
yesterday aoout the governmom of V<><: abuli a. His comment, fuc1kd fc"rs
1
that
Vocabu!ia may .Cla wilh more than jUlt Source, d""o 10 President of
Voc;I",lia said taSt night that I],.., country lung eJ< pcriooco of mUuins rollgn
treatment .. t Ihe ha!ld. of GJ. mmaria Ih81 they had he.:" lefl with linl<: . Itrro.live
hm to dc.:isivo: Joet' ... n to pm an end 10 Teme'. h.1 bil of '"wh.
althem. Takin8 a (uL'fh .... .11 Voabuli.1 tbis mnrnong III an Jntc: •• j""" with
morning tck .... ' un, I'resi<kot ... ""id ;1 wu " bughable ide:> Ih.:ol di.o;o.pn .... -d
counrry lii:.e VOC:l hol ia GiI"l d po,e • ,I> ... t <>1 any tQ Ihc of
Gram"",", ;). "'"Or howe,'''' thaI ( 'ram",."ia may /irtall)' be ill for a shock'.
, poor judge"' o"t
• onploa"'n' wmmcD!!
S 'Had. ptoplo (eel ,n, ,,"
, making a critic.1 rem" rk ab"ut one 'hing
whi!.: loom ,1<L
1 get;) ""' Iy >urp!"i",
...... ...,.. alKol.-t, ' ... iouo. NOT •••• " .' •••••••
Exercises
59.1 Compl.t. the u.ing word, from A.
is always full of (1)
",heroes. I used to try to persua<k him
out of th.m hut I'v. kmg since
(2). . ... defeat. It only increa",d
my stress (3) . and it didn',
make any '0 his bchaviou,.
Now, if I (4) ................ e>=ption to
any of his ideas, I just (5) .... .. ...... ... .... .. .. .. . .
up my fedings and let him g.t on with it.
But, if Ihings gel ,,,,Uy bad, , give
(6). . ... ..... .. .. ........ to my fru,tration by
going to the gym and laking it out on tf.c
punch-bag.
59.2 Chou,e the correct collocation.
1 When ask.d about his Own puty', traIlSport policies, th. ............. a sid ""weep
at his opponent by m. mioning the r. c.IIl rail,trikes.
A made 1\ did C took D gave
2 TIle threat of redundancy is ... . .. over the
A hanging B holding C k"ping D ,winging
3 I wish h. wouldn't .uch unkind and ................ remarks.
A lapse B disparaging C inconsolable D rough
4 I'm "fraid yon may lie. for a bit of" .hock.
Aom Ron Cin Dup
<; Henry never says anything sen<ihl. - his idea, arC quite ............... .
A laughing B laughs C laughter D laughahle
6 I hop. you didn't .... exception (Q any of my comments.
A find B take C make D put
59.3 Rewrite each .. mellce using the word iu br.ckets.
59.4
II
t Catching a bug while he was in hospital nlean! th. old man died ,aan. r than he would
o,he,wise have done. (HA.ITENED)
2 Cind. rdla was vcry b"dly by her wicked .t'pmolher. ("'FlU)
-' A large number of th. puhlic il< grid when the film ,nor died. (OlJTPOUltlNC)
4 Th. accident has made p.ople fcel more afHid with regard to on thc railw"y •.
( FUELl.ED)
5 Ikc"use of their behaviour our only alternati'·e i, to boycol! their goo<:I<. (lEFT)
6 It was unwise of him to act as he did. (LA •. IE)
7 I w", extremely worried wh.n Dad waS having hi. operation. (.IICK)
8 It's better to giv. Vent to ,-our feel ings. (WTTU)
Use 3 dictionary 0< online corpus to find two ways of completing each of these collocation.
- one from th. unit and one mor • .
t a fit of .
2 to shatter someone, ...
3 to fill .omeon. with.
4 10 hurl ......... ..................... .. .... ... at someone
5 in a .tatc of .......................... .
6 PO"' a
7 a Jap<e of.
8 an intense
Positive situations and feelings
Good feelings

You Jhould ha"" a!'l'ot of achi ...... rnent:lt havk1z , . "hod the
of tht book.
JoIln 1<I.,1v.<ay> had . .. woog of pU'l""" in hi . life.
Kay heaved, .igh of ...,I."fo, ,ho <ow Dick stOp off tho pia,," ,
T. mara f.lt > shive, down he. 'pine ., ,he heard the orch.",..
,uning up_
A. I ,,000 up to "P •• k I f.I,. mrl" ofad..,nalin.
I hod •• LOdden burn ,,(energy o.nd dedd.,.j to >pring de.., ti>< whole flat.
,
VIk . ", all in • • tate of euphoria l ft . r OUr nntl"ic ex.." ,.." ults.
I I just Io .. d my doy"t th< b..lny 'po_It w., .he'" bliss.
Interview with a film star
Intervi ewer: ]u,t;n., how did you feel aoout winning the Oscar!
Just;n. Fay: 1. can Truly ,ay that my heart leapt when I
new,. Winning ha, been rny lifelong
amhilion, \0 this wa, " dream come rrue!
Inleryiewer: And how did your family fed about it?

f • • ling of ,uIT • • dod
f •• ling of ""vinZ • olea, aim
hoppy fooling that something
bod has oo! b'pp"nod
t.. lint of
(0.- 'om<tim<, t .. r)
a ,LIdden increa •• in .. In,,,,,lin
• fulint oI l>*inz full oI t""' !)'
a f •• lil'« 01 excited happine"
.. fn ling 0/ a im haW; """
Justin. fay: My hu,hand is nry supportive_ He h"d high
hopes that I would win thi, time. My mother went
into rapmf""! And my ,on jnmp"d for
jO)·. H.\ now dead keen" to beeOlm an aetor him,elf.
Interviewer: And how wonld yon feel about that?
jmtine Fay: I've found happiness in this profession. Br.lt it doesn't alway, live up to
people', e"pcct;otioD,J, of com,e. It's not a, glamorom a, it's out to he.
Jnterviewer: Do you thinl< it'd wor!< to his thot both parent, in th. husin"",
justin" But it', more important to have talcDI, of cour,e. And a lot also
depend, on pure luck, being in the right place at th. right time, that wrt of
thing. But l"d he optimistic ail(mt his chances of ,uccc-s, I think.
Intervi",".r: Does the fact that your eMeer i, currently more sllccessful than your husband's
cau"" any temiOl" at hom.?
Ju.<tine by: Not at all. My husband take, great delight in any >ucce" that I hav •. And
I have a profound admiration for hi., wor!<. i hop" onc he'll gci th.
,"c'(Ignition he des.Tves. Bllt eyen if he <loem't, we both know that" gre",
many p"0ple deri'-e a lot of pleasure from' hi., fihm. H. rec.iv .. a lot of q1Li"
moving fan in which people .xprcss their for hi, wl."k.
int.rview." Thank you, jmtine. It was a great plea,ure' to talk to yon .
expres.",d h.r .xtreme pk"",ure and exciterncn'
, (informall vory keell
, good as "xre<'"d
• be of beneh' to him
, (formol) find great C"Iljoy,ncn' in
, NOT a big- pl easure
• Thi, btpre,.,;on i, vcr)· ,tron" and effusive and ."und, little extreme. Thi , is appTopriate for
an Oscar-winn;,,£ film , tar but you should probably tale care !lOt to OYer-l.l."<C it yourself.
12-4 E"fkl1 CoIIGcotions iI1 life Mn><ed
Exercises
60.1 Correct the collocation error, in the,e senten""s.
1 The whole country ,eems to be m a place of euphoria after winning the World Cup.
2 I heaved a breath of rdief when 1 heard Joe had finally passed his driving test.
3 A, the ,tarting whi,tle hkw, a I'Jmp of adrenalin helped me get off to a good s(art.
4 I 'till always f""ll shake d(}wn my spine when 1 ,et off on a long journey.
5 It waS a difficult climb but we had a marvel lous emotion of achievement a, we stood at
the top.
6 Ag",eing to do a bit of overtime could walk to your advantage, you know.
7 Rick .. em, to have lost hi, i<ka of purpose.
S A, winter ends I always seem to feel a break of energy.
9 It was d ean luck that the answer suddenly Clme to me in the middle of the exam.
10 I don"! think those engineers ever got the cognition they <kserved.
60.2 Complete ",,-ch sentence using a word from the oppmite page .
60.3
!II
60.4
1 Pnrems ....
2Ihad ...
expectations.
... more p1easu," from their children's SuC<: e" than from their own.
. hopes of this job bnt it ha,n't ............... .... ......... up to my .
3 I hope that all your dreams will ...................... true.
4 In his article the critic .......................... considerable admiration for the poet's early work.
S The audience ...... . into rapm"" as the group stntedto play their first ever
hit.
6 My. . ............ leapt when I saw that at last 1 had email from Mark.
7 My grandmother ........................... great delight in creating a beautiful garden.
S We are cautiou,ly ........................ that Pauline will get the job she·s for.
9 It was a .................... ... ... plea,ure to meet you. I bope o"r plths wi!! CrOss again ,oon.
10 The children jumped for.. when they saw their aunt at the door.
An.wer these q"",tions using a dictionlry or online corpus if ncceosary.
1 What else can COme true as well as a dream?
1 What can be lifelong a, well as an ambition?
3 With what words apart from keen, can dead be used as an informal adverb to mean
ex/r"",dy?
4 With what words apart from bbss, Cln shuI' be used a, an adj . ctive to mean
5 What can lS profound as well a, admiration,
An.w<r these questions in full sentences.
1 Where do you think people arc more likely to find happiness - in a Or a
career?
2 Would you say you had a profound admirJtion for anyon..? If so, who and why?
3 What ha, to you that can de.cribed a matter of p"re luck?
4 Do yOll cieriv. more pkasute from music Or from readingl
5 When did you la.t . xperience a SCll,e of achievement,
A. oIli . tho unit in ",. boo!<. uk< thi< opportUni<)'''''w to look back .. tho uoil:> you h.""
<o,...od >nd not. yoor l"oo'i[O collo<o'''''' from each uoit.
Key
Unit I
1.1 1 to )"our
2 someone', interest
3 blond hair
7 go on all
8 ]",avy rain
9 lead" ,cmin"r
10 a jick of paint 4 wm-:; up with" sugg"stion
5 flatly contradict
6 fundamentally different
11 play ti," ,tock market
12 word, "f wi,dom
1.2 The undcdincd word, in th",. ,ometime, be changed in other ways but the
answers given refl ecr collocations in B.
1 .ni,wkcs
2 wider
3 ga",
4 depart fwm
5 create
I.] Thi, is [he most appropriate way to complete this cxcn;;&c although some Other coll(><;atjons
are al,o possible, as indicated.
1 Our new family hotel i ... 1 in .ecluded location and all the room. have uyli'h
furnishings and btc.tht.king views oYer the surrounding
(Breathtaking could also go with locatiDn bm secluded could not go with views.)
1 Vi.irors will enjoy the atmosphere in either of our spadouo dining morns, both
serving delicious food ro residenrs and non·re,idem,.
(Relaxing could al.o perhaps go wid, dining rooms: hur spadous could not go wirh
almNphe".)
3 We organise tours to pictnre'que surrounding villages where you'll have the opporlllnity
to raJ<. some photographs and sampl e the mouth·watering local cuisine.
ISt"'ming could go with villag" but not go with photograph,.)
1.4 1 a Passenger, must not alight from the bm while it is in Illotion, F
b Passengers mu.t not get off the bus while it i. n.o,'ing. N
2 Le!', If,,,b a bire, before we I
b Let's have "'Illething to eat before we start work. :c-<
3 " SI'TS has ,he right 10 bring the agreement to au end with three n.ontlos' notice. N
b SFTS to IDminal' the agreemem with three month,' 'F
4 a She thinks her hoyfriend i, planning to pop the question tonighl. I
b She think, her boyfriend" pbnning to ask her to ,narr)' him tonight. N
1.5 11,e blond-haired boy said he had joined the Engli'h class to make some ntw friends. He
also said that he wanted 10 aooul collocat ions becau .. it would be of yeat importance
in helping him In make fewer mi,take. when writing in English,
Unit 2
2.1
,
a broad
,
a broad smile
2 in broad agreement 8 a picm"sque l""ation
;
mitig:Jting circumstances
,
adjourn a meerin&
1 mitigating f"ctors W " town
,
hair n adjourn a trial
6 dehriou,ly hapI'Y
"
indement weather
2.2 I Mc!'$S>llus quit. a bwad Sco!{i!h Qc(cn, .
2 Intl""',""t wuth. r led I(> the (ancdlat;on "f (h. Kanle .. p;lIIY.
3 W«t "Jl dd i' iously bappy betlrd we ... 1 ","on the a",·,ud.
4 Then n,:...- borne in ""1"1' p1(1 .... -.q" c lonlion.
5 .o.e... .. 1it . here miligaling ciocunm.n=. the Judge Ict him off wilh " wJrning.
6 I ""in" we . ho .. ld adjourn the lII«1ing liII/ unlil tomOrrow.
7 She had " broad . mile on her fa,,· ... hen
8 lou ' <>vdy aub",,, haiL
;I I ,hi,," we'", in b .. u d agreement al 10 whal t,., done.
2.3 answer>:
,.{[angor
I extremely hot J lir.d! easy I."pc:nsi'"e
2 I {equi,e / t.. an eff",( ,/
3 cancel a cla .. !" a match I 3D agreemttl(
" delive, a kllC' I a wuning' a hoby I Soods
oS eArn I / 5cr"P< a l;vms ,/
2.4 Punibk=mnpiestmlirn<:e>:.
] . 1
I lei. dtli nously happy whm I all my t urns.
I "", ke on dian tol""m n,on: collQQlioM-
It \ difficult nowadays to make " living ,,' 3 $",,,11 ,hopkcc,,"!:.
We h3d to caned the march beeouse "r lhe
Follnw· .. p
A.k l"' m te"che, to clx"'k yuur answers if }"() u " re nOt confident abom rhem.
Unit]
'ne coli<xuion, au:
) di sease , preads
2 evidence " '88C8IS
3 " (' porTu nil)' 3.ises
4 smoke rion
5 stand3rd •• lip
Ii teelh eI,allc,
7 "mtl ho"'!!
8 wirh.land \>1"(S$ "'C
3.2 I evidence $uggo.rs
2 .. ;",1; howJinr..
) wi(hSl3nd;
4 , ... oke ri5ing
S chlttering
6 I(andard$; $lippo..'<1
7 OP!'OrtnniTy; arise,
S diseu,,; s\>re"ding
J .l 1 Pal l up
2 draw up
J li h it lor a while
4 wiTh\und
5 f\IJppetS
6
7 "II. ",ok. of
8 spa!e
9 pur .he past br-hind her
3.4 answer"
1 My husband, of com",,)
2 You could tell them to drive more Dr you coul d , ay that you want to get ont .
3 It depend, Oil my m<JO<i. A gentle breeze is pk",. nt but a ,twng wind can k yery
exhilarating.
4 Sometime, I do. Rut tften I haye to remember to be careful not to kaye my diary lying
around.
3.5 1 idle
2 yam
3 mount1ng
4 mounting
5 foaming
6 burst
7 plain
8 mi,erably
4.1
Unit 4
POSlibie answer"
1 C2st (as verb)
2 application
3 utter (as adjecti"e)
4 ahsolutcly
cast a light / a shadow / a look / doubt / aspcr, ions / suspicion /
vote. / a spell
letter of application / to send off all application / to filllT' an
application form / the application of rcoc"rch / to have a particular
application to
confusion / mbbi,h / / nonsen<e / waste of time / bliss
ab,olutely ,ilent / ahsolutely nothing / absolutely disgusting /
ahsolutdy dcJiciou. / abwlutely I02the / ah,Qlutely adore
" prisoner / the handbrake / ga""s / an album
4.2 1 cast oopersiom on
2 has no rekvanee forlto
3 paid trihute to
4 to work
5 rendered; s]X"chkss
6 An indeterminate nllmkr of
7 exceeded (all) our (wildeSt ) eXf>Cctations
8 1 haye Some niggling doubts
4.3 AU/hor 's answers:
ca,t a concert (7) c." • gro.n (0) cast a play (332,000) cast a ,mile (2710)
The, e results indicate that cast a smile and cast a play are hot h collocations. Cast smile
is much less freqoent th.n cas! play it i, a more literary expression. Cast a gr"""
and cas! a are ck,,"rly not collocatiom.
4.4 Note that ">lch time you do thi, you will get a di fferent <et of sentencc •. However you are
likely to note the"" point>:
Aspersio". almost alw.ys collocates with cast.
["deurmj"ato often collneates with numlJer and age.
Niggling often colloc.te, with doubt, l,"oblc'111 and fear.
Tribute often co\locates with pay, but also with great and fin;"g.
4.5 Author's answers:
1 te.ching - to m"Tk homework, gifted children, to ' it an exam
The one bad thing about teaching is all the homework you have to mark.
Te. ching i, more of. cholkngc if you have gifted children .nd children with k.ming
in the ,"me class.
At the end of my teacher-tr.imng cou,"e I hod to , it a number of ex.ms.
2 going to tf>c ci nema - car chase, to win an Osc.r, to pl" y thc 'tarring wle
Cate Blanchett played the starring role in the last ii lm I saw and she won an Oscar for
her
In "11.1",nes Bond IiIms there i, at lea't one 'rectacui.r cor ch.,e.
5.1
.1 - i. regula. ' ·c,bs., ro your
/1,1"", irrcs .. ' "crb:s in EngIa.h onu in
Romar>(c For clrllmplr, distilll:uish betWC'Cn mar.ruli"" .... · ""un. a nd
this can be a mllor p.obl"", (or otud. n13 lil"Sl boguage is Engli sh.
Reading is a nrT good way of c.unding your -..xabula.y in Language.
4 touring round - 10 a ferry, ckh6ou! f<.><>J, historical site,
Ferries from F.ngland to France arc SO frequenl Ihat [her<: is u>nally Do probkm catching
Oil".
France i. world-bm"u. fur its ddiciO<J i
I usualty prefer looking al hislOflcalsiles to lnil\{; on be""h.
5 s::o lJd - n.t 'leak, to c:bc p p:lIs1ty, ' v "I"'" garlic
I prefeT my !.It ak laic.
I! you chop Ihe pandey for rill: saoce, 111 crush SO<m ga.roc.
6 The Bad Mmher', Handh<X>i - daushtu, I<> file for di.oroe.lighl reodi ng
di ,j,,'t n' Uanyo"e that Karen W31 her mdoptro <!allghte •.
Fewer couple.<; fikd for divorce last yeaT than in Ih. p",,·iou., ttn yetl !l.
Light ii p3I1icularly , uitable for Iravelling 0( wben YOll JUSt to ",I", and nol
think too m""h.
Unit 5
I gift ior
2 u ke boot
3 8[3b a r.ot
1 turn my thoughts 10
.i win tbe baule
6 make a differe nct.
7 unde. eMHtu,e ,he v31ue of
B pend.fIS; .csult
9 newly li"a1ifitd
S.2 t,) jump at d,e ' pa" up the I get th., st.nd ., be in with a ch.n",
to fa,e { to ri.e to the challenge I to a ehalknge ' a direct challenge I a
"",iou, d",Uenge
5.l The correct 3" learn by heart and mIlS a manu.
5 .4 anSIK1S:
I Th= mikstone< in my li lt: that I h.o. ... ;oll'C."ldy include from un",er.;ily,
C'"wnc my jot> and grtrit18 married.
2 lam full , qualified as l teachec..
J sourCeS of income are wages '" nlnries, inoo= from investmcntl, rental in,'O=
.nd hnsineu profits .
4 Th. toughesl challenge I ever faced (IOSJ;ibly completing my docrornl th"sis on
time.
S Someone simulmneo,,... ("",.lation net<!. 10 be hilingll:11 hvc cxcrllent
poW<"<S of
6 i'ersonal l"'te13, phOios and old dia ries have ,..nrimenul H Im: for me.
5.S 1 Make 6 avoid
2 c"t 7 MAke
3 romm't 8 pos.ible
4 m.de 9 made
5 do
Ideally you wculd tid: all t),e idea •• as they ar<: aU guod ways of impruvins your kTlowkdge
u"" of colJocm';onl-
Unit 6
6.1 1 I fed de.d t jred a11 tho time. III
I fed tir.d all the
2 We were all belred by the pOetry reading. (1 )
W. we, e all veryiextr.md y/utterly bor.d by the po."r)' reading.
3 Currency exchange ofJkes are located in the arrival. lounge. (1' )
There arc office, in the arrival lounge.
4 conducted a .tudv of singk -parent family units. {F)
She did a study of singk-p2rcnt families.
5 She djd her in London and found work there in 2001. {N)
6 I just got the latest ,oITware <0 my computer i, bang up-to-date. III
, have i"'t bought the larc,t , oftw.rc and so my i, fnlly up-to-dole.
7 Affix 2 passport-size photograph to the application form. (t·)
Stick a passport photo on the application form.
S Jak. lill;cl hi, tutor for an exten,ion to complete hi s dissertatioll. {N)
YrlU m2y fin d it u<d ui to look some of these expres<ions in a good diction2ry to see
what el. e they collocate with. Paperwork, for example, can be bang up-to-date but a ca. is
unlikely to "" descri b"d a, ,uch.
6.2 1 This is breaking news hcrc on Global TV Extra. J
2 The, e are the . ongs that are .dwlhingJk.dw:u thi , week. E
3 'Ihere nee tons of good R2sons for not ,tudying law. IC
4 Visi tors mLlSI keep tel the areas at "n time<;. N
5 In any mch cusrome" shall fur/d t the rjght to compensation. L
Fuel consumption m2Y vary 2cc<>rding to mood and road condjtiol!.S. T
7 1"11 giRsuu.a.ring aft er dinner. IC
3 'I ne Mini,ter will tour A,ia in a bjd ro win supPOrt for the plan. J
9 Joss Engold StarS m the latest block buster frmM Star E
10 A microchip is a mini;l,lUri Sl: d e\ectlQnic_cW;.uit . T
11 PI,ase restri ct your u:;, "f the Jitne<s machine< to 20 minntes. N
12 A wituess m"y be ",ked to foo: a ,ccond ti me. L
6.3 I do
,
rUllll1ng
J
,
take
,
getting
6 feci
,
write
8 clear
6 ..
,
presented 2 elevated J exhibiting 4 complained 5 ;n2bilit)'
Unit 7
7.1 1 The pr"idential visit kept everyone on their t<lC' .
2 Rosetta shouldered Ihe bl.me for the f. ilme of the proj ect.
J I don't think Gr' g will ' ver win Ro,i e', he2rt; it', time he faced th. facts.
4 The comp.n)" had dOll< '0 well that yeu that it agreed to foot the bill for a <taff night out.
S I'm glad I'm not heading thi, team.
6 Carola has an eye for a bargain.
7.2 1 A decrease in sa,ings is likely to go hand in hand with inlla60n as J>l'oplc will have less
7.3
7.4
mone)' avail able for saving.
2 If a relationship hits the rocks, it i, t he end of that relationship.
3 If you say snmeone is hnpping mad, you mean tha[ [hey arc very "ngry.
4 No, not nece,sarily. ff you run imo difficul ties or trouble, it jnst means th.t )'on encounter
them or have them. The "ceb run here doesn't have any ass.oeiations with speed.
S You'd coil a mag"zine dealing with cekbril), gnssip light (eading. A weighty tome would
onl y he u",d to refer to a hook th"t is long and has difficult content - unl ess il i. being
used ironic.lly, of 50 yon might joke to a fri end wbn is <codi ng" cdebrity
m"!I",i ne, 'I can see you're reading your usnal wei ghty tnme!'
6 If you talk abont facing t he fact" the fan, are likely to k nnpleasant.
"
2,
3,
"
5,
,
1
3
4
5
,
Jill got the job easil r.
Pat i. in charge of t he project team.
Dad very quickly drew the wrong
conciusi"".
Rod left tbe mom feeling happy and
carefree.
I've g"t no d ance of winning .t all.
driving
"-'
burden
slim
weighty
headi ng
Ib Jill got the joh - but we don't know whether
it wa, easy for her to get it or not.
2b Pat is supporting the project team I giving
the project team her support.
3b Dad drew the wrong conci u<ion - but we
don't know whether he did ' 0 quickly ot not.
4b Rod left the room feeling sad and despondent.
Sb J've gOt a very small d,ance of winning.
7.5 1 TIle me[aphor here i< hased On the word run. An athlete litemlly rurlS ill " rael:. Ilut if he
metaphorically rlln, into trouble thm ' imply me"nS that he has a problem. TI,e prohlem
might not k connected wi t h running i1\ _ny way.
2 The metaphor is based <>n the connection k tween heing fm and dieting. Diet pill , are
i",ended to bell' p"0pl e lose weight but if they have a fat chance of success, they are
unlikely to sncceed.
3 The play on wnrds i, based on the idea of h"lIet dancers litcraliy dancin!; on tk ir t"".
and the figurative meaning of the express ion keep wmec:me on their ll>es which is tn kttp
someone energetic and cnncentrated.
4 The play On wo(d, connects the word f()() l, used he(e metaphorically to mean pal', with
ib literal meaning of the part of tf..c bo<ly where we wear <h"", .
5 The play On words is based on the fact that h"p is verb closely associated with the
movement of rabbits frog' i. The rlew legislation must k ,omething makes
rabbit owners angry e.g. " tax on owning rabbits.
Unit 8
8. I blatantly obvio",
downright rude
spotlessly dcan
8,2 1 stinking rich
2 blatantly ohviou,
3 down,;ght rude
stinking rich
thoroughly a.hamed
wildly inaccurate
4 spotlessl y clean
5 wildly inaccurate
t horoughly ashamed
8.3 1 wildly exaggerated
2 highly recommeo<kd
3 <kad
4 loosely based on
5 faintlylmildly ridiculous
6 compktdyltorallylentirely <kpendent
7 rhoroughly enjoyed
8 mildly sllrprised
9 nb,ollltdy delighted
10 slightly different
8.4 1 greatly
2 LlHcrly ridicu\(}uo
3 terrihlylexlremely/illcrcdibly difficult
4 nwfllllylextremelylincredibly sweet
5 <keplylslightly offen<ive
6 lonely
7 IOtallylentirelylcompletely separate
8 a highly educated
9 awfully/t<:fTiblylincrediblylextrernely busy
10 terribly/incrediblylextremely e"pell<i.e
8.5 1 Correct
2 [nwnccr. We say appreciated.
3 Incorrect. We sal' strongly influenced.
4 Correct
Unit 9
9.1 1 Correct
2 Correct
'.2
'.3
• .4
3 Thc company director made a formal apology for his comments,
4 The manager had to make a numh", of changes 10 offi<:c in order to make all
rllt: improvements he had planned fOf the company.
5 My ,i,ter made all the arrangements for tilt: parry.
,
,
3
4
5
1
,
]
]
5
6
1
1
3
4
habit
,
offer

7 discoye!)'
enem,es 8 attempt
succe<s
,
",and
acqllaintance W calculations
The Green Party plans ro srage a major protest the gownnnent", new farming
policy. (more formali
Tessa helped me to run up some lovely n"hion cover, for my new nat. (les< formal)
T regret to inform you that several clients have kxJged complaint, 200m your conduct.
(more formal)
You won'l creat. a good fi.st imprc,"JOn if you arrive late for your interYiew. (mOfe formal)
It won't take me long to ru.tk up a meal for the children. (kss formal)
Do YOll eXJl"et your business to tum in a profir this (les, formal)
At rhe meeting rhe made a rather interesting pcoJXl,al.
I hope we can make anlour escape soon as I'm terrihly tired.
rm r""ding a fascinating hook how new w(}fd, and phra,e, are crnned «) express
new ,,,,,,ial and need, .
We changed the layout of the hall to cr<:ate a more relaxed atmospfK,re for yoga
I O. I
10.2
10.3
10.4
5 I made seve"l Htempt' to phone the company at the weekend.
6 Kim mode a very positive oontrihutkm 10 Ihe discussion.
7 The ser,.ice was poor but J wouldn't go so far a, to lodge a formal complaint.
S I first m"de Roger'. ocquaimanc. 011 a train.
Unit 10
[
,
3
4
,
1
2
3
4
,
6
7
6
[
2
3
4
3
6
7
6
'p"aking 6 told
told 7 ,ay
s"ying 6 talk
talking 9 speoking
speak
notified
impart its ",-isdom
protrst. d hi, innoc. nce
prof""d ignorance
di.'ulge his Source,
pronounced him
declared Magda Karl soo the winner of
information
Do you think I managed to get the message across in my ,,,,,ech?
to .ay, he didn't ,ay a word to his ahout what had happened.
You chew gum and properly at the same time.
He refused ro give his "asons for turning down 0111" invitation.
She was devastated wh. n we broke the n"w.' to her.
Correct
i really like thi< documentary mahr, talk. a lot: of
At the beginning of your dissertation you must yom gooI, d early.
(The noun protest i, 11 0t becau", ir carries a meaning of
opposition. Prote,/al ian, mea", a <kdaration, which the meaning of
protest in the collocation protest ;nnoana, meaning to declare on,,', innocence.)
2 ,tat"ment
3 di",emination
4 notification
5 declaration
I 0.5 Clmwer' :
1 deci"rc war on, ckdar" independence, declare !Upport for
2 impart bad news, impart impart a .ecr"t
3 divulge infonnatiOT), divulg" secret., divul ge ronfidenrial details
Unit I I
11.1 1 for 2 up with
I 1.2 1 didn't live up to
2 up with
3 jot: down
4 take up
3 "P
4
3
6
7
"
'"
5 up to
"3
7 d<Jwn
abide hy
adhere to
fit in with
fil ed fur
I 1.3 1 dip into them 2 adhere to them 3 keep it up 4 them off
I 1.4 1 EHryone burst into loughter when ,h" told the story.
2 We hod 0 run along to work up an "ppaite before lunch.
8 in with
3 TI,e police have said they intend to come down heavily on anyon" carryi ng "n offensi,.. ,
at the mooch.
4 Do you think you could free up SoIHe time to have a quick meeting this afternoon?
5 The police acted On a tip...-.ff and managed to avert a p""sible disaster. (A rip·off is a
colloquial word meaning something thot is nOt worth what )'OU paid for it, e.g. That meal
wa, an absolute rip-off.)
6 1 hope tnc party wilJ liv. up to your expectation>.
7 We sat on our hotel balcony, soaking up the atmo'phe," 0/ the carnival.
8 Tanya qllickly saw off her oppon.m in the semi-final and now ga.., on to the final.
11.5 Possible I1HSW"'-S:
12.1
1 I'll keep it up by watching English-language TV and reading new, iter.." on tM lmernu .
2 The la't Bond film didn't up to my expectations.
3 I might be tempted to dip illto my ,aying' for a 'p"c;,,1 holiJay_
4 I'J trT to come up with an altcrnati,e ml'anS of transport.
5 I'd do mt- b<:St to lit in with the plans they had alread), mack.
6 r sometimes find it very hard to adhere to my principles.
Unit 12
,
1
3
,
5
6
,
8
9
"
My husband and I do a job share.
Circulate the report to alJ mem!>e" of staff.
Kazuki has been happ;"r since he went part·time.
I hope it won't he necessary to layoff many of our staff.
It's not easy to make a living as an actor.
Meeting P"<lple i, tho lx'st aspect of the job.
Marian was the last person to join d,e 'taff in our company_
Anna will he going on maternity next montb.
Try to build up a go<xi network of comacts.
Wl"ve had a ridiculous volume of work this month.
12,2 1 numher 2 holds 3 offer 4 change 5 ope" 6 take up 7 right 8
12,] 1 "l'he reces<ion meant th,! th.: company bad to layoff ,orne worke"lstaff or ,,,,no
workers/'taf/ off.
2 Your family should really take priority your work.
3 soon moved up the ladder at work,
4 Tlijj hates his bos, ' 0 much that I thl))k he' ll sOOn han,1 in his re,ignation.
5 Vic earn, a good living a fr"cianel' journalist.
6 I need to pll1lOgcthcr my CV b.fore I apply for job<.
7 My father wanted to practi,", medicine in a ru",1 communit)'.
12.4 makes a hing a< a (eporter on a local newspa,..,r but he is under
/ a lot of at work at the moment. He's had far too much work to do
(ecently. He's been put on a ,",heme fOT promotion and they're really pushing
him. It', SO hard that k', thinking oi handing in hi, re,ignation and going freelane<:. It
wouldn't be easy but I'm ,ure he'd soon niche for hlIllstif a sport:; ionrn. list.
Unit I]
1],1 1 to p',nci! a ml'ning in
2 a daunting ta,k
3 to master new skills
4 to take up rderence,
1].2 1 land
2 filu,d (US English: fit)
3 (unning
5 to fit the job descript ion
6 wrongfully di,mi," l'J
7 to lose your liveiihO<ld
H profe"ional misconduct
4 sweateJ
5 were! would he
6 take
13.3 1 .. Jlo4·
2 get thc SId
3 ....
I J .4 ."'.,.,..,..:
4 reliev. oJ of IIlIIi""
.j m,"mrial Klion I ,.mge . ",h
6 ILaITOW rbe li.1 dowo
1 I >'UPI""" thar roPfi 11ll and ",Uuirll: paP:"' could "" call ..! ru,'nj al .... "rk.
2 'ceruinly hope '1 will.
3 A • . ,omconc who • lot of freda""" W().k, I "'I)rk • lor of unsocial ho,,,s. I sct "P
carly to work., my for . xample. But it i, my OW" choicc and n()t imposed on
me by an ompl oyn , $0 ' don't mind II. TI, e ph" . i,k is th,,' have a long lunch with
a f, icnJ wh"",veT ( wa nt 10.
4 Whm ' w .. s worklns a languago: .mool. cllere wa. quite- a Tu rno'-er of staff as
leache ... oft."O \1SO:t1 to go off Dud .. ork in d,ffi:n."r counnio:s.
S When i wu ceachillg 111" la.tg\JlI):C school, I ofTen did overtime - 13lung studmu; on
e"curs." ... "n,I \oO on. Ir was j>llid.
h No, I h,·en'I. I feeI1uperoti tiol>$ ahout it. I wOtr)" mat if I pre«:" d to b<.' ill Ih ... , I wi ll
soon become ill on " ,.hly.
7 r ha.cn't ;nduirri. 1 action 1"'1 I thi nk r might consider it if colleas ,IC' wcre being
wrongly
S Ye." it i •. a b<.>oL:: ,... dy for l'ubbc3lion is ,-cry moch. effo rt.
9 As" I wrneti", .. have heavy wor/<. lo.1d and 1 .lon',. It a n "" quilO
difficulT to my work in a N lancod w:lY.
Unit 14
14.1 t Opinio" s an: diyi d'" 01' d", isw.e of . ;ngk·x:.x ";000," and the", /I. , e on
botb ,ide> of the C3 \e.
2 I bdie,'. that the government will win anot her ICrm in office but my girlfrknd "
difkrtont ,-jew. ror" . h" .• a different opinicn,]
3 I think th.t you' d bt 1ll.killR I mistake if you look that job.
>I I don't hdievc foreguJle condmion a. '1 ,).e COInpanl will ",in ,k.' conTIact.
S Poople are bttnlrting aware "{ the p. nhlcm of cli mate
6 Yuu IDould hea, io ,..i",1 that )"our " i';to" will be aller their long Digl ...
7 I,,", 801 ro.ogb of whal I '0 in my t""'f hut I haven't pbl>nw il pro""rly
,cr.
8 Inc=.ing ",,, ,,b<.'''' of pwplc today . uh$cltb<.' 10 (M theory that .mall i. beautiful.
J 4.2 1 luerally 2 error 3 4 pau S poor firm
J 4.J 1 It', [0 jump to ( onclusion, . bom people'. mol i.e, .
2 It'. rommon knowledll" t h.t Elli e ha. he." 14king money frum the till.
3 I a""oed to help him (though it wa,) my holler
4 I' m yuur deci$ioJU , how a lack uf iuds ...
5 We have 10 dtc,d.- when IO ha" e lhe pany. Can you gi >e i1 ""me
6 I , hink )"O>u him 100 h.I ..... ly. Remembe. he', only 18.
7 Surprisingly, 3 hdid l..ft..ltandM ''',,0:<: inldligrnt.
14.4 t a fcm lt: lo"d f e!;g looi[ f f mind f "U
2 to fuel resemmeJtl I f,,,,ling of ... 1 heat."g s)'Rcnl/" ,'ehide It he verb i. "",d m;o iuly
in the pas,iv!' when referrin", to veh ides) I a I d •• ire 1 gNS')'
.1 to wilh a ded .ion 1 you, (N<>te ,hat tn" ""b with only"
of w..,.d,.)
4 a Haggi ng !.ou I YoKe I pain I ... -no< I
14.5 The CommUll collOCltions arc /Jer5O>Ul/ ,onui.·fi,lJl 3nJ i.aT.hfy IrcD/cd.
Unit' 5
15. 1 1 Tn",
2 Fal ...... A .. y wan" 10 in; t:I. w:ts.
3 T....,
4 True
5 Fal", . A has iaikd if it ha, (" in the receivet<.
6 A company will feel mme ,ecure wilh wider proli t margim.
15.2 1 re,,"lven 5 line
2 paints 6 production
.1 !>nuh 7 di.idencls
4 """"" 8
'S. l I ·fhe compID1 U. '" "'pon a . "bsl .... ual illC!"ClI.St '" pro61S over Ihe 1;1$1 quarter.
2 The new health I nd ,.fety committtt is to be by a ""ticed docmr.
3 1h . .... i , j.-.cra.sil\!:ly CDmp<tit;Qn between CDmpan,es. (Competirion mOl
be d= ribecl as '''re''Se or stiff.)
n .. company't to Japan growth the
last
5 Th. ,ak. fi gun ! for show a <lighl (m those for f . bruary.
6 Our $l IN '" , he: JornO!$l M; ' Mrk.1 att " fl ain 10 Iwupnicncushow a rise nU l yur.
7 Y ST year saIcs wert , hrtf; l'mU groatcr in E ... ope in AlWr ...
8 fed Ihal !hi, p. opos;tf mab" cOl\S .... ,.,.b1c ""'sin .... (NOlie<" IMI ahbough yo ..
do busi no:ss. somethillf, ,,,,,lu.< bo.sincss sense.)
9 Although we.-.:l 10 . edt,", our cmlS, i('1 impo" ant ....:: t M qWl li". . hat OUr
"' potatioo owl! on.
10 Busi ncss leaden new go.-crnmcm w!ll " imu]atc g(Qwth (or be <timulu<
to g(Qwrh) .
15,4 1 Managing Oicector of a company might caU ao elmrg"ncy when the,." i •
."me kiml of cri! ;! rhe corny-my - a sTri h , for . xampl •• or malo. inc .. a<t in
co.1 of . aw m.:I l\ .. or fllel.
2 It "P""" CiI' is likd )' II.> you"l: in their IWmlics their market.
) Sk.ucholders wOllid bt pl,."scd if COtI\P'l ny announced . coord profili b«:IlIM' ;1
",ollid be ' ih lr 10 1m, of me;. and to le<td to higher
4 S!ud..."f1ts !>Overnmenl< _ thcm""]¥e! <>b- jecrives.
5 A bw,; nes. would haw to part of ill budge t t o su ff, developmc" t
and raw materiall, lor exampl • .
I> A mi)'\hl try to stimul'Tc g(Qwth in demand for its prodUCTS by iocre;<ing it'
advertising.
Unit 16
14. 1 I , 01' Co'eT compl3inl maM;;e' neru lood in J resra"r:tnl?
2 I h.:J.te going shoppitlll on as lhe lown is $0) cro",ded t!.m .
. 1 If yuu wont YOllr s./lO" ",ng ddi\'C<l-d, 1""" am plMe fo .. r l1r0C< w,th online or by poone.
4 We carriro am/ di d cu<fOmer <U""ey bo..f<JIe de.·eloping Our new pmd\JI.."1
5 Online shopping is ptO,·jog increa<i1\@; ly
6 J was 5HIpri, .d by The f'<.>'.l r qnaliTy of the actil\g in ehat w. ,.w lut night.
16.2 1
2
:1 health)'
4 prompt
, """
6 i us.<
7 handled
8 conform
9 ..
10 come
16.] 1
,
pmv;di"ll
2 refund 6
'"P
"''''
7

16.4
,

R P
S ,
,
·G
R OU D S
i u
UL
,
A
T A N D A R 0
,
O N U R
N
ID r s CO U T
Unit 17
11. 1 J You graduate /. om un;v ..... ily.
2 lD3.ture studems
3 ((>rc!itig;(ll",j So!IIB of learn;nl::
.. d;ningui<hcd sc holan nr leading autOOril;e<; (in fiddsl
5 gifted ,h;Jdrffi
6 straight A
17. 2 1 were all very imp!e<<<:d by menIal
2 My g.andmolher i.< ve ' 1 inldligenl b.J t she'!; had li ttle fotm.l
3 I've nev. , lo, ,,, d it to learn for, nulac by h.all.
4 I'd love to iTUdy medbne Ihe", bUI il\ very 10 get a pbo>.
j Fo. the finlT lu r ""am we 10 reod si .. set texts .
6 13m so proud 01,..., .. for tnaMging 10 get (yll <I\;"Ics.
7 You. WQ<:l( ;5 not Inn bad but i.\ « "a;nly S(ill rnn", fur ;mprovellu:",.
Your littl. R' M ihown hc=lf \0 be I very qu,ck
9 'I'M te<t nnl been des igned to puril. to Jemons.trHe the;r
10 I hore to sludy there but may not he .. ble to the cntry requirement •.
I?] I Imant 4 7 attend
2 wandeN S marked S requi, c"" cnt.
3 soow. is win jJ enrol
11.4 AUIhor'. "ruu.tas:
I English, mati" .,.pCtIC!'.
2 uII,,,,,n:;ric1 of Ox/'Q<d and
3 Ye<o I O<l,e .igned up for . Spani 'h .""non!! Cb i' bul onl)' went II.> rwo 105;0/1;.
4 I'd 10" . II.> Hi'lory of Att.
S academ;'; yeal begin' in September . nd ends in July.
6 Univetilliel hn" c different entry IcquiumenUi and you have 10
fulfil whateve, thei r bpecific r"'lui'OImntl Bre.
17.5 PouibJe tl1Uwn"S;
1 power 2 club 3 support -4 work ,1'Cf>I"d
Unit 18
18.1
,
un<krtake
,
pre&<meJ
3
,
provukJ
-'

6 test
7 COvers
8 tackks
9 puts
18.2 1 The research ethic. are described in the university', research manuaL
2 You to an in·depth critique of the
3 Yon need to do backj\rOlmd reaJing,
4 YOll do the analy,is in order to find out wMthet data <uPP(JTt :rOllr hypothe. i, .
{"'memher: try to avoid saying prove a hypothesis)
5 All the were people who had fir,t·hand knowledge of the .,ituation.
6 It is impos.\ihk to give a fnn explanation of decline of agriCllltllre in the 1960s.
18.] Order of . vents:
18.4
19. I
19.2
1 a topic.
,
3
4
5
6
,
,
3
4
5
6
Form working hypothesi •.
Malo the case for studying the topic m the imwdllction.
Write critical analY"is of pre"io115 'IUdie, .
Lay Ollt your r<sults in tables and diagram<.
Submit your reporr.
thrust of Tor,ten's argmn" m is that public transport can nevet repbce the private caL
F-<:onomi,t. formulated a new of 11llbtion in the htc 1980..
I t i, important that we shoulJ confront the issue of climate
In her es<ay, , he pm forward a vigorom defenc. Union constitution.
I ,h.11 not attempt to give an exhaustive aCCOunt 01 poPlllation growth in this essay.
article does not 01' its conclusions with enough convincing
Unit 19
,
surpn5C 2 throw 3 dined 4 appearance 5 ,pnmg 6 ' peciaI 7 night
,
mad. 2 flying 3 stick to 4 calls 5 find 6 ql1ality 7 social
8
'"
9 played
19.] 1 We conlJ go dubbing l.ter. (more informal)
2 restaurant has a convivial atmo,phcrc. (more formal)
3 umdon is playing ho,t to the Olympics in 2012. (more formal)
4 Her life i. a social whirl. (mote formal)
5 I hay" to attenJ a form.l on Thursday. (more formal)
6 We invite you to join the at the opening of the Art' (more fOlmal)
7 Park is the venue for an outdoor concert. (more formal)
19.4 Amhor', a"Swen:
1 eating out
2 plain food, as long Js it'> properly
J • with fri end,
't I like both, but giving a dinner port)' be • lot of work.
S I much prefer playmg the host.
6 Jdinitelr a whirlwind visit! C",srs are alway, lx'St when they Jon't stay long!
20, 1
Unit 20
,
2
,
4
5
6
7
"
II COI n "" bard 10 carry nn a ,un""rf;l!ion IP a noi'!)' mom.
He finds it Jifllnol! ru Op"'" his !Kart and about hi. fcdings to a nron" .
I d(N1't like d i!.Cussiug mings wilh ... h .... wan! to will any argllrrtCtlt .
My mother l lwJ)'1l u$Cd tr) tdl me not m sPfud unbnd rurnou<l .
I ,,-<"ally fln,1 it llot to gel drawn im,) on " gu ment with I'aul .
We hod a very enjoyable tirne JU&l silting in the parI: enjoying M,me idle e".tter.
I managed tel hi, "IUmpn 10 me in e')n\'c""lion.
I've "ncr ull:(d to him n"",h - we' w Jonc n') mar( exchange 1, lea!'3nl.i<!.
20.2 I lose 5 bring
,-
7 lOUlih
8 hold
2 broOIch" d
J W e
4 " mng
20.3 1 go'S.;p s rout-k tter wc:wd
6 toogh quest!nn
7 rash prOlnise
10.4
2 broad generlliutio!,"
3 exchange newS
4 lale s.;;<iously 8 "P"t\in8
,
2
3
4
5
,
7
6
9
W
Plea .. drop the
So", has a It:abit 01 making e.mply pro,nise$.
You mom take Ille bh', ... y . ""ubl lons .. ri""d y.
Ii'. beller 1101 to your cue.
Could we: .. duny the
Did r oo bur the rOJn"Ors were) fl )' ill!; arolu. d your i.M:>s! last l"tar?
TI,ere i, rather lot of badlfooll nmllR in the play. (Foul il the "'o"g""l of
thesc alt"illauves.1
Such broad lend to be rau!e! muningless.
Hi, o!",ning sombil look me by
The childre n bomb.lrtkd .... with '1ue!llons my trip.
Unit "21
11. 1 1 I
2E
sc
6 A. N(I(e Ibat the {il go to
the pr>lls i, of Ie" "lICd, p.,ticululy in
new<papcrs , to mean take part in an
election.
"
.. f. NOH the collocation I,) hed/" ,ift,
meaning that hJ'moniou< rela<iomhip
"een re-established following" break
due to a .. , ;ow:
7 G
" D
21."2 1 d,.J;vcoeJ; speech 2 hroker; agreement J imp<>Sr; ccmorship
.. primNu"e 5 held; ronf.....",u !'; act; go-bmw:m 7 meh agnvnr.rn
11.1 1 The P= idem 1m filUl ll y bowed 10 public pres' II'" m hold <tiw:ndum.
2 Early thi., . n,,",inll, I><: Eco--democr3lic Parry p • ."..lI in,ro vkt1lry in the election.
(dn",)",,(.cd its Vief"", would al ..., be possiblel
J The poli ce detective dise' wcred the clue which led to thc reCOYelY of the w,len jewel,.
4 The poli ee wi ll not c. 1I off the ,earch untilth" child has been found.
S We were on holiday whe n the n:<en! polit knJ "ouhle, broke out.
6 n.. pOOre oul a nationwide .. arch 101 a COI..mry" .. ide ""an:!.) 1m II..: mlssing bo,-.
7 The IWO I'I' IIi ... will rry II> 5e"lelnenl looay.
8 IhOlLunm of held 3 I held <Iemomlr'lIIil>,t:<; ag.o it>l" II..:
ina e' .... in 1<Ci;.
21.4 1 In the first , entwc. , tho OutCOlll. of will ,how wh.rher the army i. srrong or
nOf. In ,""ond ,"ntc""e, thc rally i, proof of th. army's ,tr. ngrh.
2 ·I h. clucs in tnc first ,ent""". ar. mor. imponant than rhos. in tho .c,onJ.
3 The r. ward for th. cat in th. ,"conJ SCnten'e is large.
4 Th. v.rb suggests either a mor. formal simarion for th. 'pe.ch il",]f or more
f(J(rllal cumext for reporting about the sp"""h than is suggcsted by make.
S In tho first , ent. "". , th. countrics are going to talk for tho first time.
In lhc sc,onJ sentence they hay. made an agre. lllent .
Follow-up
Possible co/locatiolts:
to hold a mec"ling I a cun ... csation I an ei. ction
to broker a deal I a ceasd ir.
to comc to an agr""ment
a ,izeab]e I narrow I large I
Unit 22
22.1 1 Committ.e, with one di".ming voic. , voted to tak. a firm , tallce on rh. i,sue.
2 lt wa, onJ)' a conllll. nt but it ha, .xcitffi a ]ot of <peculation.
3 A, new evidence em"g" of gO\'ernmcnt inVO\VCfll. nt in th. scandal, pw ple u e beginning
ro question the Prim. Mini,t<r's public pronouncem. nts on th. affair.
4 TM prince ref", ed point-blank to provide aCCount of hi, actio", that night.
5 The Mini,t.r wa, of misleading tho d . ctorat. when he said that very few migrant
workers h"d be. n ka"e to 'tay in th. country.
22.2 1 di,ord..,iy
2 clari fy
3
4 <tat. meM
5 flatly
6 p"nm"IOn
7 di sclosuTcs
8 r. "ope!l . d
22.] 1 vociferous oppo.,.,nt 6 took
23.1
2].2
2 gauge Ipub]idpeople', ) rtaction
3
7 declined to comment
B critically ill
4 rq;lll a< upclart' 9
5 air th. ir
Unit 2]
,
2
;
,
5
,
,
8
,
This National Day fe'ti"a] cd ebrate, 50 y. ars of
In thi, region w. have a rich of p<><tr)', mu"ic
A group of children 1'<'rformed a traditional dane. from th. region.
This yeaT', fe'tiva] repre,ent' a break tradirion, ir will be hdd in May.
The tradition of carol ,' ;nging dat" hundrcds of ycans.
arC dctcrmin. d to llphold the tradition, d. ,pit. oppo,ition.
IOwn hold, it, annual fe'tiva] in 'pring.
Our a proud tradition of giving food to o]<kr villag. " every new y. ar.
2
All tho men traditional dr ... co",i,,;ng of gre.n and whitc '<OU""".
'l1,e mark< thc beginning of the Ce]tic ", mmer.
J
,
5
6
,
8
9
'"
The festival i, part of Ihe region'. cultural ]><citag • .
Hundred, of p"op]' , and touri,,<, join in the k stivitiL" .
The 'Day of thc Hor,c' fall, on 30 March th;, y. ar.
in tM viJiag. wa, in fe'tive began.
age whiLh tic the knot i, ri'ing.
This rL"gion has a rich tradition of folk 'inging and
G. tting join. d in marrimony is a <igni&ant rea<OI' for cckbration.
is famous for ob,en'ing a nllmber of age"oldflong·'tanding traditio,,".
23.3 1 Elik
2 E,an
3 Alicia
4
5 Bruna
23.4 1 (b) m"'tied
2 wedded bli<s
3 tnc knot
24.1
4 Toost used uIICounta!;ly !llCans !;read made brown and cri,p by heating it. Making a to<lSt
(counta!;lc) means offering all u pr" ,,;ou of good wi'M' or resP<'ct for soml:one which
invol..,s holding up and theu drinking from a gla,s after a ,hort speech.
5 pre-wedding nerves (one Can also say jitters)
6 be joiuM in m"trimon),
7 to make a toa.'t/ to toast SOmeone
S i"formal
Unit 24
1
2
3
3
3
,
7
"
The", vit"mins have 1.e<:n clinically proven to protect the body from winter vim",s.
Our ra.<ty cost only 24p.
"E"joy a weekend of .t",e1' lwrur), at the Highlands Hotel.
W. manage a number of exdusiye restaurants in P"i, and New York.
Our sh:J.mpoo will subtly bring oul ti,e natural highlights ill your hair.
Our lipsticks come in a range of long-lasting colours.
We guarantee )'OU will be .impressed by the unrivalled ,ervicl: provided 1.y all our hotds.
Our tlew concealer will m. ke the fine line, around your eyes disappear.
24.2 1 I don't belie.., those ads that cbim their "cam, have .nti·.geillg prDl"'rties.
2 working in Austria I ate so many lovely cakes that I piled on the pound,.
1 Why not have a bowl of ""up or a banana if you're feeling a bit pecki,h.
4 We that you will <ee instant re,ults with Ollt luxury hand cream.
S You ,hould use this , hampoo to revi.., your sun-damaged hair.
6 Sometime, I wi,h it were reall)' po«i!;1e 10 ba"ish wrinkles.
7 The hOld give< all it< gUl:st$ the chane. to experience gracious living.
S We were invited to a banquet, where tlle)' . ntertai""d uS in grnncl style.
9 At the airport she bought a coupl. of glo"y magnine,.
10 Thi, part of town is famous for its dassy hotds and exclusive ",uura"ts.
24.3 1
1 hit
S set
6 high
7 labels
8 ,eason's
9 popular
10 victim
24.4 Possible answers:
25.1
1 luxut)' cream / resta urant / hotel! t!lwel
2 ex,rnciatingly uncomfortable I / boring I funny
3 complexion / ... rformance I design
4 unrivalled , ervice / collectio" I ,tyle
S launch a collectio" I an attack I a new setvic. I a boat
6 . xelusive restaurant I offer / story! elub I part of town
Unit 25
1 tailed
2 dow"
-' diverted
4 bnilding up
5 disrupted
6 hep; bear
25. 2 1 Imffie
2 eawd off I di.cJ ,Jown (A1lhough both of J'OS'iihlt. Ihe meaning ,' 001 u..al) the
wne. £.<iJni off simply means bJ. "',,",' ",, 5 ditd doUin to b aoo
.,ymluall y 10 ""'hi.,.; 01 almcm OO1h"Tgol
1 a licetla (ValiJ an,J r.""MI in 1m.. comer! h3V<: Iht $;1 m •
.... both mean il i. lice,," du,1 fulfil. 311 legal o..onditiuos.. Howeve r.
Cl<rrelU pu'" the ,·mpha.m on t he time elelltenl of the Jict'n<e - lia occs and other official
<kocUm<'IItl; "XVi", afttr a IX' ''W of timd
4 Lmglhy deby,
5 Hen left
a m; uual car
7 c.rind the
hgil(;,1 l' a major den lopmrm
25.] 1 reverse
2 . ,
3 advantage
4 <kve].opmont
5 change
I current
I took
S '=ry
25.4 1 riglJl'I.and drivt """
2 moovt sidew .. ys
1 Tn) d rivmg test
4 WaS (soon) hailed a. a major Jc"elopm ... ,
S The ,d.::uu" SC of
len!;thylltm)\ dd.1}"
7 Traffic was severel y di$n'pttod
(I ROt Jtud: in tc. ffi,
9 Ih, tmcomin!: traffic
Unit 26
26. 1 1 beatell; sightS
,
unexplon,d 3 all illlrepid 4 trc1<king; arduous 5 sense
26.2 I feet
2 un')friored
J Irtetch
..
5 .. andhy
I> epic
7 pctlcd
8 face
9 condit;o" .
26.3 I 1M leg of the journey was ut:l igillfo. ",atd.
2 My budget didn't 10 .. """lIi"S IiI'Sl .. /to lint_cia .. [rani.
10 hopelessl)'
11 pan y
12
J a, OUt hase "' 101' boo' tcd ou. spirits.' OUt , pirirs w= boo..lcJ when we
IttI ..ed al ou. base camp.
4 There will """' y .pdl., ,n ono.l MalS roday.
S We had. <t<I{>Ovc r in Singapore on oUr WIly {O Awt ... lia.
6 has alwaY' a !him f[lt adventure.
7 spi., .. a rC nigh looay.
S The lnol'Cmcnt of Ihe ship lulled me 10 sleep.
26.4 , ollocations:
1 arduous ' ",. I climb
2 a m<.mntain I a ",mOle I a ...,,,,, 1, w,ldcm<:bl
3 u",;h"'Icd wate .. I sea./ l, nd.
Unl t21
27. 1 1 2 ] look 4 lKq\.lj.,· .s I"mp 6 hang
27.2 I pUlh
2 ,,·hale; keep
3
4 pilch
j $lands; viaory
6 shape
7 nrd
8 kic: k
mis.;ed; award..-d
10 chJlknee
27. l 1 I'd junlf' at rhe dJJQCc to mffi j ohnny llepp, "","Id,,'t you?
2 "'c iopCCUiro .. S(ood and cbppe<l u the ","IRS wok m., Iidd .
3 Yoo shoo.ld only a fte."I" <:limb if YOII ,re fit.
4 The cmwd went wild u the e.;,d of Ihe mnch.
5 We haJ a whak of a tim. ;n Australia.
6 1 decided 10 up the chall""lle of my o .... n business.
7 TMc little boy soon got the hang of riding bike wirho1ll 5tabili..,rs.
8 The learn cap,ain felt dreadful when he an own goal.
27 A 1 la,el' 1 convincing
Unit 18
28. 1 I UlI\-eiJ. pl.n
2 S(id, I .. iChcdule
3 lealiry
3 pcriomluuce
5 drum up a lor of sopprut
Ii every el/ffilul1it}
4 if rnsomeonc"i
2B.2 1 nn , "P
lB.l 1 ron .. dU". oon
2 launch
3 outright
exerci ...
4 flI.ct(lr
5
6 change
s tong'lemt
5 blind<:r
6 opu""
28.4 I FiMI preparation! for the f.,$liva l arc now uuderway.
2 I , '<:ry Up ... 1 when they rejeered my SUg&eS(ions Out of hand.
3 The compony came up with the ide:! of encOIlraging customers '0 ,"cycle
" 1 ,IOI\'! think ron will lind il easy 10 pur your idea, into ",acticr.
S He declarrd outright opposition ro Ihe plan.
6 C ..... _ructivc critici5111 is ,""'ray, wdcOfh(:, but nep Tin CliTici"".s "Of.
5 role 7 !i.eri ..
6 8 experiment
29.2 "fhe op1l0nl 11..1 arc )'!"OT possibk
I h,gh 4 h",Sl
2 5 highly
3 .. 13rly 6 ..
2'1. 3 I prof(S<;inlul
,"p
29.5 all umn itig-. tc,1
a dis mal bilur-e
7 wrote
S di ... str.
6 exl"'rin.ent
9 speeta.::ularly
10 lire
7 anent ion
3
Unit 30
30.1 1 satisfy requirem..nt' 5 pass a new law
2 have an obligatiou 6 bring in regulations
3 arrive at an agreement 7 adhere to 'tandard,
4 carry out a ri,k a"e"mCnT 8 authority
Other quite collocations using the", words a,",,:
meet requiremem,
"'ti,fy conditiOllS
30.2 1 f10m
2 adhere
3 ,oughT; granred
4 with the law
5 ,aTi,fy; being in breach of
30.3 1 position,
2 cut through
30.4 lRUlES
,
'SATISFY
K
'DANGER
S
S
'EXERCISE
S
JrcSSENTIAL
30.5 l'o$Sible answen;
1 satisfy ,om..one\ desire,
1 ko,·e a duty
3 arrive at a decision
4 carry out an experiment
3 in1roduce
4 tightening
5 faceles'
6 approve
'i meet ,omeone·, needs
6 a,klress iss .. <:
7 bring in a law
H adhere to the rule,
31.1
Unit 31
1 Toma, 2 Sylvia 3 Vila 4 Marco,
31.2 1 off,hore
2 run (we also s.y run out)
3 vital
31.3 1 Food mile<
2 Renewable energy
3 widespread Hooding
4 .. ersiblc Jimate
5 find a solution to
(, our carbon footprint
4 . co-friffidly
S dire (we could al,o .ay dj,a>trous
or
6 off,et
7 Offsho ... wind fal ms
8 Ihe disp0s3J of household wa.le
31.4 J TnnpentuKS l (nn. .... the SlImmer mooch, 3' oll fC2Chcd a (ecoId hi!Jh_
2. We 10"';1 our w.yo 100
3 "J'h"y now luv" healinG .y.u:rn in Iheir hou, e; it'. v .. y ""lflomo.:al.
4 'f'h<: dcsctt cXp".io-m:e5 h.,,, duri"f; 1m:: day but is wId nighl. (Note' we ,ay
.caring heal Or I03rillS temperntun.:" blll do NOT say lemperaf1JTC, Or
h.,a.)
J The wuthor panelll5 have chang<'d in wimo" are milder, summer:< a",
hO(fer.
I> He ()fl" 0/ Ihose hybrid rnn which P'<iwl and banery power.
7 lb<: m .. " inuoducc gfCnl r.lX ... SO people who damage m vironmCT>1
1"' 1
8 Vehicle cmiuion. main ()f pol lution in bi!::
9 W. nee<! tQ find . ltanalive ""ergy IOnl= for prl va," ..... mes.
Unit 32
32,1 1 Ihe cOllntry; the city
2 tM city; the country
.1 11", co"nny; Ihe city
.. Ihe COUfllf"y; Ihe cil)
5 Ih. clfy; the COOln"y
J 2.2 t 11.e 11<61 >rolence ' eft: rs 10 cars and 01 ..... " . ftk (Ill the "",<is, Ihe «<nnd
..,ntenc., ",fer. 10 ...... P]'CN ()\Mr pedescri31f' on the raV'emenf$ .
2 'The first •• "",,,,,,. tha t 1M 'I"'ahr ill CCntro of town, wherea. th" =ond
is talking 3bom other people who live in quiet, re.identi.1 well -oil suburbs.
3 The fu,,{ S<Tltffil:e mea'll that he liv .. in very quiet, place wllere norhing much
lhe _and .. ntence that sf.., lives in a very active dly centr<.:.
4 The firY ..,menee the sp..·d,er lovn }iv;ug inlhe city, wh .. c;ls in If;C..,nd one,
lhe . " ""k .. loves living in the COtIlliry.
J2,J CIty lj!.:. u, ba" livillJ>
lang opening houn , oren :all h".""
fU"" charm, idyll
in n,e of beyt)Jld, in the middle (If nowhere
32.4 I '1uiet backwaler
2 in Ihe back of beyond I in the middle ()f nnwhcrc
3 urban
4 3 :lChc ....... ·
5 3 desirable place 10 I,ve
6 rnidenlial dwelli ng.
32.5 1 <i=lict bWldlDg,s 4 ."ban
2. bU'Sy roadi l OOfljt:eiled ..... ads S tM rUrIIl idyll
3 a bustling c,tr <:COli " 6 1008 ClflCI\;TlIS houn I Opell all hours
32 .6 l'Il<sib/c "'"w,,",51
1 flock to the unspoilt coumry,ide' rolling country.ide' surrounding
country,ide, tilt' countrys ide
2. a rurallandsc.pe ' !>:>,n n bu"is<ape ' d<Jllunate the IMwkco.pc ' a wal'.tcOJ!wr land"""!,,,'
a laflds.cope ramlc, ' a rusged landscape I on " , b;o n lamis<a""
] a fIShing ¥iIla,,'t' I a n>Oun.a;n >'il1agc , 0<I1I1i lll: vilbg"" ' ..,noundi,,@; v,lIaG''''/
a piaur=!"" y,l1Jge Ilhe: global vill.oJ>e I a coos/31 a JUI\()'" viDage f a
neighhouring village
32,7 Author', answers:
1 SportS pwgramme, bore ,n.. rigid,
1 I think I might consider lifc in a rcmote country village in Britain to a rur31 idyll for a
couple of wech bur then I would probably mi .. the facilites of big to"'TI,
3 Ko, the public transport system where J li,e is not reliable at a[l. Th" bllSes a..., \"ery
infrequent and thcy often arriyc late l>f not at aIL
4 1\"0, I can't think oi any de...,lict buildings where J livc, witb derelict buildings on it
tend, to I", quickly redcvdnl'cd,
5 There arC .orne ,mall ,hops, a po,t box, a .chocl, and a doctor's ,urge.y,
Unit 33
33,1 1 make a payment
1 supplement my income
3 spend a fortune
4 lx>rrow he<ty,l y
5 stay afloat
33,2 to arrange an oyerdr3ft
a had deht
to gct into debt
a debt I overdraft
th<: natinna\ debt
33,3
to be in debt
to clear a debt to payoff a debt Ian oyerdroft
debt-ridden deep m debt
overdraft facility to run up a debt! an overdraft
an unauthori,ed oyerdr3ft to get an ovenl,aft
Other collocations:
to repay a deht I to a deht (of grntitt>dc)! a debt mount!; up
an oycrdraft limit Iw reduce your I a ,;zeoble overdraft
1
,
3
3
5
,
7
8
9
10
The firm ha, huge debt, and has h3d to hnrtow million. The new Execmiy"
loa.' introduced cost-clltting meaSures.
Whcn I kft university I had no out'tmding dehts, unlike most of my fri ends, who owed
thou.and, of pol1nd,.
TI,e manager hlsified company records and stole money from her . mployer.
I had no soure" of income, so 1 had to get a job, and quickly.
We pm down a deposit on a new car last week.
She defaulted on her loan repayn"'nt and had to sen her husines,.
Many pw ple don' t tru,t online banking becausc thty Mc afraid of identi!y theft.
If we don't cnt dQwn on luxuries, we're going to find ourse),'", in seriou, deht.
There are special offer, for ,rodent, who a current account 3!IOC 'l1\i,ersity bank.
You will P3Y a lot of if yon go ovc! your agreed credit limit.
33.4 Th-e is of a boat which must keep/' tay afloatl otherwise il will sink utlder
water).
2 Ynu'rc cxpected to pay it back.
3 (e). To writ" off a loan would rneon to accept that it will ne,cr be paid.
4 (a )
5 credit-card frand
33.S 1 falsifying 1 fraudul ent 3 p3yrntnt 4 Iheft 5 intcre,t-free
Unit 34
34. 1 I goVUllntmt i$ IinJins it difficult 10 curt""lbtion.
Z country is Junering brc;a...., of ,he , ,,nent KOl(omic
} Ahhoo.J;h hdlV)' indUltry is in <kcline, service ind'I>fries an:: thnving.
CEO i, \Q ",{egnard hit company" ;nkr",ts.
5 New m.dtinety has etllbl"<l. ,he 10 ;llCI"ea5e irs output.
6 Th. tax auth"riI1l:S pl.n I\) t.elk the of ""dcd. red
7 The bOOge! pbn explains how we intcn<'! to .. atc our various
8 We mm{ tackle Illd ""Ive doc problem! cjused by <ocial exciu! ion.
34. 2 Own gnKbnce
build on 80"05
tXU"lld opponUIlJ1y
mttt
P,""OOll! rival 80"cmrncnt
w.nc inllotion un<:hKkNl
I ","y IKary t U tl'
[100. value ror money
rampant inflat ion
34.3
... idy.t=" the «:onomy
suad,· RfOWth
thrivjng industry
uninterrupted s;rowlh
1 long
,
extcnd
3 nndedarnl
,
n oms
,
"imobung
ri'ing u'>employment
thriving black eco""my
6 plummeting
7 public
po, h up
9 . aise
10 inrroollC(
34.4 I public; private
2 undedarul
5 ra"'"R; up; plum""'l
6 cx:tenll; n imlllate
3 long; short 7 scum
4 Falling inrrodm:c
Unit 35
35. 1 I addres. 2 pr""ide 3 4 break 5 made 6 incite
35. 2 1 for humau hahOlat.on
2 02lliLary cond" ;""s
J pntkrab'" driflkins;
-I antisocial bt-haviou.
5 public disorder
6 for 1>000 I 1M <."I.ang<:
35.3 1 Poor people olten b:m: to claim belldiLI i" onk. to !DrviYe tinan<:i. lly.
2 The city cound illtrodllCed a neighbourhood watch scheme.
J The government to(l k draconian mea,ure!' ,0 prevent publ ic disorder.
4 All go.-etrl ffi CntS need to addres, the 01 IIlobal poverty and d" easc.
5 The authorities had tn provide ,""he, food to thl: vinilM.
6 A. the discoot"", grew, . iot. eru"tcd in til the malO< cili ....
35.4 1 The th.eatened social I.bri<;.
2 The Minister s.:rW it was lime for. r.elh d.i ve: 10 cui crime.
3 o.." on,! lOIlud «>m<: illcg:>I ..,!»un= in the IUl>!lage.
The run-down <lfU, of the city are often da'ls:crou! at night.
5 We hop" Our new organisation will he " fun" fu' political
I> He proposed 3 ao",,1 <olulion tu addr e.s lhe i.« ue of <00. 1 inequality.
7 Dysfunnional are. difficult p«1h!.::m /0. w<:ial wurke. !.
The u"ion representative mnde a pi ca for the WQfkt .. Ii> ,u"d firm.
9 There ,..."c ",,,,ltI; of p"blic dis,m!n- on Iht .. «" 1"" night.
10 It i. very diflicull fur young pmpIc Ii> fi nd " ffurd3ble hmosiug.
Unit ]6
]6,1 I 1/ yOll off your compu". with<.>Ut shUiTing it down ploprriy, you may Io.se data,
2 I didn't ""p""I tycryrhing to . un smoo.hly in my DC'" job but 1 didn't imagine i, wonld
be qUilt so dil5cull as it was,
3 Ale): had so"," technical pr"hlem. iDscaliing his M W con'PUle.'f C<luipmcn"
4 ' Ihe company .. famo .... lor it>'
S 1( tbey'd ..,[via.:! Ihe;c rcpbrly, they wooldn't h"ve had t(o h it prOOllcaOO.
6 Vic dt<:am., of making a <li"",,,ery diM would hdp to pu,h b;ad.; the '.und." of K"ien«.
7 5cl''''I;'r. lI,uall)' p.,l:oIi,h th.ir lind"'i$ in journal ..
B Thete wa. s a power rut thi , mo:>rning, The power went off at "''' and ;1 nstored
ull midday.
9 I..,.'es pure re..,arch hut hi s hrother is mo,e interested in the appl ication of t<:sean,h
to practical projects aud in hamel,in" rleW techrool "!lY (or end"
10 They _arried out on. Icn·>'cu "". icod and finally puhh' hed th.ir findings this
momh.
36.2 I He'a swIping " <ald. 3 She's \llu'g
2 She's (llIuinr, PIN nllmllt<. 4 J k \ switching channd. b)' TV ",mOle t onno!.
36.3 I HW1.(lell,,;lion 'TV (HI) 'TV), n..t screeu TV and rr:mm" conuols
2 Ie', u...ro lUI storing m.nic (file.,.
3 The sy"" .... might cr, .. h.
4 "''0, <l nline hanking is now available g[ lllilSi' hanks.
S I+.. wi rel ess hotspot
6 Switch channel.,
7 l)ow"I""d ne'W Iingro""
8 They suffer from w .. and t.",.
36.4 I lal the . ",all screen (bl the hiS s.::",en the silver sc",en)
2 online dict;",na<)' I COu<Se I
3 remote n,oumain village I pa.u I pos>ibility !manne!
Unit 37
J7.1 enj<lY goncl hulth /\tnt]e txtn:ne
f«I .... "C your II""" .... d. h"ild up your ouiM:rn«
do plenty <II ""vost: do $pOrT
80<1 <In a dicl Walch ... h:1( YUU COl t
31. 2 1 d(C,
l7.3
2 do!,e. A d<>«o "f ,rdicin<:>'pcl1io:;illin is a me:r.sured wnowu of it, while a d(llC uf Ru it an
of /In (dill" in mi, ",,",rid Itfl!le would "",Iy be tosed about anlUlpie.1"am expenenr:e).
3 build up
4 di..,aSl:
S ,old
6 cours.::
' j
6 ,
2h
"
3h 8d

,
9,
5 ,
10 i
37.4 1 sid. effect< 5 taking ao oyerdose
2 <lOtimdy death ipr"",,,ture is also possible
bur d""s not sound right very)
-' it off
4 poor health
Unit 38
(, excetd the daoe
7 hvc an operation
B watch what you eat
9 make a full rccovcry
38.1 1 Soaring crio", rates have recorded in rhe laS[ twelvc months.
2 Why should young criminal, ",,;apc puoishm"nt for crime, just of their age:
J The lawyers contested the verdict of the court.
4 The judge the ca,e becau,e f>e kit thc evidence waS unrcliabk
.s John Joncs ,k"ic,1 all knowledge of the robbery.
6 judge adjollt""d Ihe Irial until ncxt month.
38.2 1 good
4 kept in prison for th. fnll amount of time
.s
38.3
2 go to prison
kept in priwn 3
,
2
3
,
5
He was pot on trial lor murder.
He was later remanded in cllstody.
The wirne« appeared in fo, tn.: first time today.
The mu,dere, was soon brought to
The against Mr Sharp wa< proved heyon<1 n::asonabk doubt.
38.4 1 miscarriage,
2
3
4 unamITIou>
S denied
(, awarded
7 justice
B adjourned
9 nunor
38.5 fiod guilty, find not guilty (Note that a ;;"ilty verdict and a not guilty verdict arC nlso
po.,ibk collocation •. )
gi .. give a sentellce Iusllally used in pas<ive - De given a <emence)
srand trial, fac e trial
witnes<, unrdiabk evidence
COllteSt a Yer<lict, oYerturn a verdict
POS5ibl" senttmus ",·;ng the coIlO<l1t;wt$:
He was mund guilty olthdt, but found not guilty of murder.
Th" wituess gave eYidence which resulted in 1he accu",d ocing given a fi,,,"year ,entmc".
She facing trial for murder, but cscaped from prisoll and neYer actually stood trial for
the ofu,ne'C.
It wa. an of evidence from an uOTchblc wim",".
The verdict was conlcsted, and was subsequently over turned.
Follow·up
Here some of collocations found from a search 00 the website suggested. Note
that , eareh throw, up 50 .. ntenc", and >0 i1 is po%iblc that )'ou may have
found ,ome qui" differenl examples_
deliver a verdi.:t an eXp!'rl wil"""
return a verdict of
reach a .. rdict
a yerdict
verdict of acciden1al death
kc)· wim."
bear wime .. to
10 wiu,.« alrocitics
a statement
wime" evidence
a vital witnes"
struggle for custody
take into cmtody
cuSiOO)·
provide safe custody
billcr battle
keep in custody
f10ld in cus10dy
discharge from cu,tody
be released from custody
an interim custody order
in police custody
]9.1
Unit 39
1 SPATE
2 VIOLENCE
3 STRIKE{S)
4 CAUGHT
S POWER
6 CEASEFIR£
] 9.2 l'ossible answers:
1 The UN·, aim is ro "" tore pt:""" in an arCa ha, dearly b.en a lot of fighti ng.
2 TI,ey ha'fe managed to g"" both ,i<k, to agre. to a ceasdir • .
3 The i, dn. to com. into effect from midnight following day.
4 There have b..n hostilities for
S No, it has been gming worse. It ha, b.en e,calanng.
6 TI,e two side, have cI .arly been deadl)·lbitter for a long
39.3 1 lif, tho
2 surgical srrike,
5 launch a counter-attack
6 n . me in.,tability
]9.4
40.1
40.2
40.3
3 fragil e peace 7
4 go On the 8 suffer c:I.mait."
,
2
3
3
5
6
,
8
The two countries hav. ken engagtd in ho>tilitie, for a long time.
The coroc, into effect today and all hop" it will bring stability to th. aua again.
The goy. rnment ha, promi,ed [0 withdraw it' troops next
There i., an un.a,y the two , ides at the mom. m.
When i, ce,torcd. w. , hall b. able [0 disband the army.
The newspaper r. porr-d that the en. m)· had a defeat d. spir- fact that IMY
had d.ploy.d numbers of troop' to aI. a.
us of 'Iockpiling weapons and of preparing to laurlCh an unprovoked attack.
Som. argue thatth. nuclear det",..,nt ha, prcycntcd from escalating.
Unit 40
childhood 2 stand 3 Forging 4 lifelong 5 "ircle 6 long-term
1 casual 3 social 5 ,tabl . 2 firmlclooe 9 co<dial
2 bad 4 close
,
complet. 8 moral 10
1 lifc
2 sprang
,
won
4 pcoyid. d wi,h
5 heal
6 tOok
,
broh down
8
40.4 1 ,hould a chat to re,oh·. 0\11" diff.w,,,,.,.
41.1
2 51,. came under alta"k from wtn<: "olkagu(."S at work who didn·t her.
3 Jf YOll abuse someone'! tru,t you to fri end<hip.
4 W. tried hard to make the rdation,hip wuck but failed.
'; 1 thi nk )·0" need to put distance belW""n your,elf Eduordo.
Unit 41
n. woorn baby .poLit brat child prodigy j"Yeniic dclinq,,.,nt disafft>Ot. d youth
{Oth" collocations ar.: spoilt baby, spoilt child, deli"quent yoU/h.)
41.2 1 prodigy 3 jnv. nil. ddinqu.nt
4 ,poilt brat 2 n. wborn habi . ,
41.3 1 II is too e.sy to rake your do,. friends and your family for grant.ci.
1 Liz', got four ehildrm and sh. 's just bought herself a 'pons Do yon think she's going
through .om. kind of midlife cd.i. ,
3 My sister hod" bahy boy 1",1 month.
4 You'll 'poil your danghter if you hep on pand. ring to her . yery whim .
. 'i My parent> arC Ycgct"ri"ns, so I \"C,pcct their wi,hcs don't meat in th. ir hou, • .
6 Sorry. I must llt' haying 0 I just r.memllt'r your n"me!
7 Jacqui insi,t •• h. ha •• een the . rror of h. r way •.
8 Don't worry about your daughter home. She won't ""me to any harm.
9 Make Sllf. you dou't I. t th. child out of your ,ight.
41 A 1 uaving home mean, going to liye in another anJ lcavlng the hous. is what you do
wh. n you go out of your frout door . nry day.
2 A hazy memory i, vagu. , not cI . ar or di<tir\Lt, and a di<tir\LI memory i< veq.' clear.
3 A grumpy old man i, one who i, bad-t. mp. r. d "nd compl"i", a lot, "nd a d<:"r old
i. on. who is kind and good-natured.
4 An twing. i, a pain that happcn< from to timc, sudden twing. i, a
pain that happe'" .
.\" Something i=ome, a habit hut a per",n d.vdops a habit.
6 If you falllnto patt<:ID, thot pattern gradually d. yclop., wherea. if you fit into a
pattern, the pattern has already been . 'tabli,kd hy .om.one d •• and you adapt to it.
41.5 The WlioUllion< Ihat are imp(lssible (or at leasl very unlikely) are:
42,1
1 go 4 problem 7 an 1!lcrea, e
1 firm 5 perfce'! 8 .cnsitivc
3 talk 6 wah up
Unit 42
,
2
3
4
,
,
7
8
9
W
fals.. It could include mtm!J.,rs of hisJh.( family, hut it a1:;o includes hi,J""r immeJiatt
e"lIcagu,," "ndior hi. nd,.
his • . A lavi,h life'tyle is (In. that i< very extravagant and luxuri(lu" bUI it i, not
O1\e Ihat break, the I"w.
Fals • . When someone goes into r. hab, th. y wam to lo,e all u.ually to alcohol
or drug,.
False. T"h<: highest bidder is th. person who i. prepared 10 P"y most for som. thing.
Tn.
Tru.
A kiss and tell story is on. wher. one person talks to the pre" ahom a romantic
or sexual rdation,hip lh.y had wid, a ramollS person.
Falsc. A prcm'ptial "greement i. mod. bd or. "coupl. marry.
Tru.
False. It that the interview. e spoh only to on. journali.t or new.papt:r.
42,2 1 flse .') highly
6 reyeal 1 ambition (could also"" dream)
3 b.aped
4 nominalion
42.3 1 A m. s,y One.
2 An Oll • •
3 A very <ignificant (In • .
4 Her aehievem<:nts.
5 H.r 'lOry.
7 enjoyed/had
S m"de
6 An award.
7 A pre nuptial One.
S Thc highest.
9 A
10 Glowing onCS.
fl>,osh iI'l 151
42.4 l"n in-<kpth interview
2 a ,i,e to fam<:
3 a ,ignific "nt impaci
4 a lavi.h lik" yl e
43.1
43.2
43.3
Unit 43
I a ,lippery
2 mindle" violwce
3 .• h"l one's
4 pick a figlll
1 bone idle
2 poisoning the mnosphere
3 trust G1Yll an inch
1 hetray
2 hold
3 have
4 pick
5 re.'I'
6 belittl e
5 taK. th. flak
6 poison the aUllospher,
7 hold in contempt
8 a disruptive inflnence
4 out of order I a downright disgrace
5 minor niggle,
6 a nasty of work
7 cloud 10 have
8 play
9 ,toop
43 .4 1 mindle",
2 glaring
-' disruptiv,
4 disgrace
5 achievement(, )
6 nagging
Unit 44
44.1 1 l ecn ,ntC"'st
2 honing; skill,
4 p"ramOlwt importance
5 pnr.ue; intere't
44.2
3 me.t; d,allcngc 6 accumulal.; experience
,
,
4
,
6
7
6
Paul has an wcydopaedic knowledge of African history.
Karen ha.' v .. y good inl.rpeTsonal , kills I has excd lent people d:iIIs.
Eric accumulated consi<kra ble experi ence of farming I on farms when he waS in C.anada.
Toyah has an excell . nt t.aching qualific"tion but . he lacks classroom
I trust Dr Rohinson implicitly.
Th,. job will offer yon the perfect opportunity to hon• youT cumputerlcompnting skills.
I have .very confi d.nc. in your ability to I that yon will be abl e to complete the conr.,".
It wa< Duncan', tinancial acnmen that led to hi, promotion.
44.3 I am happy to act a, a ref ... e for Jame, .\1.cBride, who has applied for a teaching post at
your languag. ",11001. I nave e,'CIY confidence in Mr McBride', abilitie, a,,, t."d,er. He
sp<:nl I",t Snmmer working at the school where I am Principal and he waS" much/greatly
appreciated member of onr 'taft He waS "<:Iy succe.,fuJ in establishing/devel oping a
good rdationship with both students and .taff. He i, nighl)' educaled / has" gocd lev.! of
education with a particularly extwsive/compren.nsive knowledge of English literature. He
comhine, good teaching qualikations with considerable experience of teaching studwt.'
al,,11 levels of English. He also ha, advanced/good computer <kill" wnicn should ceTtainly
pwve meful in a t. dUlologically "d"anced school soch as you", .
44.4 1 reveal. d 3 "",et
2 wholeheart.dly 4 provide
44.5 tin"nci"ll business I political acumen
highly valned I placed I prized
perform a l;!.sk I operation I a song
5 perform
6 highly
Unit 45
45.1 "lank expression
gruff eXlerior
striking re""mblanee
cool reception
st"bborn ,neak
bubbly personality
45.2 Sentenc .. 3, 4, 6 and 8 arc
45.3 1 bears" striking re""mblance to
2 boosting your confidence
3 forthright "'anner
4 strong point,
S h", "dmi'nblc qualities
6 bursting with energy
45.4 1 prrfectly
2 hostility
Unit 46
3 unacceptahle
eharac!"ri,!ie"
1 'triking re, embiance
2 bnbbly personality
J blank exprc-ssion
4 ,mbborn 'treak
5 gruff exterior
6 cool reception
5 thinly
6 reception
46.1 1 Li"i"B in confined 'pace is difficult with three bds.
2 1be piano took np a lot ()f room, so we ,old it.
3 1bi, office is Ixttcr than the crampffi oonditions I used to w()rk in.
4 \'i:re're moving became we're ,h()tt ()f space wheTe we',,,, living at the moment.
S We demolished an old outhousc to leave room for a bigger kitchm ,,"d utility '()()lll.
6 The "ttic is a wa,te of space, so we're going'" m1lv,rt it 11' to a &tlldy.
46.2 1 a las!ing oontribution to
2 (vacant) parking spaL,-s
-' dim and di,tam memory
4 ample room
5 the vast '''panse
46.3 1 /I dc'Cade ha, elap""d
1 foreseeable future
46.4
3 a bygo", ern
4 go down in hi,tory
S over the mume of Ii",,,
6 not-so-distant future
47. 1
47.2
47.3
Unit 47
Kevin

J boss 4 .s Z,n a
,
, d=mk.
,
m. ke 7 f.. ln.. ed
J

"'=
4 rra.cl 5 9 , 11I[led
5k,
1
,
J

5
6
7
S
I could slighr URI:<: of an Irish in voice.
F"olo w., mel with a !lOllY sik", ••• Uifd In "b5Of b hd new,.
The old woman let VU' of "'hca dle hcard lhe res>II, of ' he mal.
She a br..ad Amro.. ""lIn . croo" evt.."ll ,h" .. eh shot w • • nOl hOfD .h ... c •
I could hcu hoolS of laugh"' ! cnnU"K from tht I'Q" ' room.
r ..., wefe mllffle.., «>1 oould DOl make out wh ... t wai "",ying..
Silel1ce reigned in cla;oSmom., the weee all u wod::.
S!",.k lip. [natc it ynl1lnutt"r som .... hi"g \1nd.r yoor brealh.
47.4 I distant
48.1
48.2
48.3
2 il1ce,,,,,nr lalso cOlluQntl
3 soft (al'o
4 dull
.s dr.u hly
6 dap (N""." Ihar rhe .>bra"! 6. mut"1JTU, of 11""'40 io I .... "riF,ina1 ".,."...,e,.. wOII".I bt ... ' "ell'
1111"' ..... 1 C<Jmhi"uion of word. in Englilih.J
Unit 48
1 f." ,ible
.dopt • merhod
.. Ihe mind
help
3
2 viabl. nprinM
immcMO a",.t
instanrty .""all
perk.."t a n."<hniquo
3 the oplion
simple
remadcabl • •
rulo
4 st"r-by-st"P approach
lake the rimo
7 taking rlM: 1 "",,,,",
2 SlmpJiciry
" hard "'''r!.:
.'i &g= of ta" r..<;y
6 break H ctlmp1cx;w::s
48.4 t c 2D .l ,\ 5 D
49.1
Unit 49
I adv.r.c we.the, condition5
2 a complece dioaSler
J itruUlc
.. widespo-cad floodir-."
.s grave danger
6 of wnfu.kln
7
ti high r .. k
9 • sev . ... blow
lO a comp"'''' di .... lr r
4'.2 1 t<I<kk
2 ' .. fUel:
=1""'d
5 c:>me,
7 ia""
8 fighti l)$;
9 .1 ' p<.>o: 6 hmocring
49.3
2 ,
.1f
5 ,
49.4 I \(Ie M",·inW<.1q>t:lit l)Cing a nUr1lh .. of wilh our now Cgr.
2 Some probkm. aI<lSU <lCCUl'T"ed wh"n wo tried fO fnll ow you.
J s.m..:bow <>ur SOo;O.;I, mn5l lind a solution 10 prvhkm of pO\ .• rfY.
4 ,\ tbf&ully bas "risea .... ·j.h "'&'I.d to " ID:mbe, of our pmjtcl lH ln.
S Even ad"" nced ,U<T1<1.i ...... make with. .hi, 1)'pC uf
6 I' ve ... I .... a 1m o f w' rh. &eglish spdJing.
154 lnskll """",,"OMb in u..AdNn<od
49.5 ""fiver>:

Unit 50
resistance
problems
a q<>es rion
a rrobkm
50. 1 J We Iud a bumP"2" ClOp of applet from Ollr (tees IllS. yCll' .
50.2
50.3
50.4
2 A SlImtamial amt>t1t1( of d>c:I r ino;ome c<>ntn from they rem OUl,
} I fed confideD( that 0 numher of will ''\)t(: (UI
Mac.
4 room a t college ;s a good site.
S We hove 0 finite number of tiekeu, so we're offering them On 0
balis.
I wAS tcrrifed by the sheer size of the dog.
7 My new colleague i< <till an unknown quantity.
8 ,.h"." We" e a f. i. few I a mi, number of Ini.<l3k., in yOIl! hOm<:work.
1 majority )/= 5 p;t.ience 7 aTDOum
1 overd"," 4 p'opon iolll 6
cr., 8 kwlnumbl..
1 unbnunded enthusi;wn 5 lai r few
1 6 .. ldlc$< supply
J asrronomical &:e. 7 inor\liua'. amouD!

mlinu. pal ;""", 8 shttr qLl.O.nlltv
-
, ........ ",.
"'""""
-
-

..
"""" ''''''''
._-
.

"
" "
"
"
- "
"
-
..
"
"
"
"
" "

" "
'"
....
"
-
50.S I wi. dom I varic:ty f number
2 epic fil m f jountey f <I"'MI.
4 endless acgumems f poo;sibilines
S mas" "" ho,.." f """I. f hl-m
3 overwbeln",,& urge I desire f
Unit S I
51.1 a) to change beyond recognil K'"
b) 10 i"'plen",n! planned . hanges
2 0) m.jor b) minor c) major d) minor t l major
3 iii '11", town rem.i", llnd,anged.
bl Over the yean many have taken place in the ""hooJ.
" Y ...
5 II's .. ca,ie. for,. young tl.an an "Id • • ly 1'.".011 10 ada", 10
el, eumstan=.
6 11Ie h er that they went on' .
5 1. 2 I .. wdwo"",,d
2 limes
l (ouoed
" " ndelgoing
5 .... ildl y
6 incu a",
7 made
8 . ecognilion
9 dl'01maric:;,lly
10 implemml
51 .) I 1heU " loom fur improvenloml in your cour_or¥. aosigommL
2 Tha-e .... lIS .. sullikn sh,ft m public 'UitUd6 ,.,w3rd, the ,ssue of a pil .. 1 punishment
3 chan&'S in our I1l3JUIgemtnl , (F' lCt ll' C took b."
" "Th<:o:c .woeping chang\." ru the tchool programme , ;no:: I ... 0 pupil ben.
S Sorne quiu <ignificaM changes came aboul la<\ yc:,.
Penny ii .. changed woman j he gr.ll the jQb wanted.
7 M)· li fo, turned I turned when II"" my job.
R It' d make a change to 'lay in a II<)lel go camping Ihi. ,ummer.
Unit 52
52. 1 I abandon 2 lull .'I fl. , i"!!; 4 ,",!led
52. 2 I j'm .fr.id il wa< me !mminK lbe 10aft d.al s.t'I off .1.. snNJlc alaun.
2 As >0<:>11 a,.k 53W her moth •• Ih. link· gi.j hloke ;1110 a run.
3 ll«1I use 01 t he Pre<ident" visJl. Ihcr've nU rhe:rre.a.
I didn't malUgc: to fall .uleq> " .. lil davo" VOI S b'e;l lring.
5 I hope lluy wo .. 't *<:i& to term,n. ,,, lhe c:onlran..
6 The mi<sllljj; chiW was fuund, SO Ihe polkf: called off thci, seaoch.
7 The ;chool "planning 10 I<)me antl·b .. llying meao .. ", ..
8 Wc we", up mount;;r;n wben the raill ... ! ill.
52.1 I SINGER CLEARS UP CONFUSION ASOU'!' LVnICS
2 ARMY QI)ELLS ill\'REST ON BOltoER
3 NEW REPUBLIC BREAKS D1PLO.\lATIC RELKIIONS WITH NEiGHROURS
" PJ:::ACE PROCESS TALKS COLLAPSE
.s VIOl F.NCI SPARKS FEARS Or: f URTI-IER UNREST
6 STAR I)ISPEL" RUMOURS OF lJ[vORCE
7 STAI)[lJM R NAllY NEARS COMPlETI ON
8 MINISTER AU.A.YS FEARS OF TAX INCREASE
S2A I " vening
2 t nter;
3 alby
4 <101'
S
6 dlspd
7
B completion
Unit S)
5 3. 1 1 Ilhink th.! COfl'lplllC'" will .. ont ..all y huoh oboolelc.
2 Th. p",liminary mttting"", Ih. wheels of rhe " ..... project in ",oti.,,,.
1 H ... "ot"", calling h., ";'to. 1M <)nt' htcd a lot "f resc,,{lJleUl.
4 I Ibr r>N> bo .... would dilaste, for: Ihe economy.
S I' m s .... t hat yo". baTd work ..ill J>Milivc rr,;,,1t.
6 The h<mo' deciMon to rul pnhoked an o .. tcry from !he staff.
7 Th. way he plallred doubt< in my mi"d "bo ... h" honcslY.
8 Th. Mi n,S«:( • • 1>.."", hll Sreculalio" Ihat he .. l1nwdl.
)I n.. 01 ,h. &inl.:nion is driv1n5 o;UlY_
!O The 1I01:Hb Ja .. wed: wrought in low-lyillg area$.
51. 2 1 dema,,<kd
2 din:
3
4 oorupdlillg
S
6 reu<.lf\
7 des ired

9 plant
5).) 1 '1"he dust fwm ,h. buil ding sire next door il De., l)' driving lIle crazy.
1 It will take them klng time to establi.h the of the aa:id.nt.
3 If we setthinsl in motiooD now, your viSll !hould IJ., rud), n."t week.
4 The cu,\<mlC! which tm, UKI1JXIny c3r1le,1 Out plOdnctd some
5 )'" I ·n.. desired effect of aDY IS 10 infr:ctiOll or dlScao;o:, or lreo' iu
<ympwm.<; .
2 " knock ... n df«e .... ;gllt or might nO( 1:>0.- _ Icon>td". it can he ",ithoIr poiiu,'. or
D"&-OUve .
. 1 ROQt cau..,. The toot "u' so meaD' the e>riginal of the prohlem an<! the primary
UlU' . is t il<> among'l several pon ible cau",,<.
4 It prohably takes about Ii". minutes htfor. you feci the full effect of a dcnlal injection.
, Some people would usu. that cel.visior, hR' bad 00= ill elk.:!s On IOciety - ie =r,
fot eumpk, nave ellooura)',Cd people I'll n:ad Ie" . nd 10 lall: to their familie< k" in tho
evenings.
6 a video or audio pbyn-
Unit 54
54.1 1
2 wasp' (,warm of - herd of ..
3 " rdi' I<>, of sardin •• j - flock of !h.eplbird.
4 fj,h (shoal of fish) - p<><l of whalos/dolphi",
5 elephant. (h. rcl of elepham.) - Hj be of ba boonsilnonkevs
6 Ii",", (prid. of liens) - p:>ek "I wotvesldOR-l .
54.2 1 fI.",y
2 dash
3 flurry
4 S(",k.
5 drop; 'prlnkli,,!!
54,) 1 dollop of
2 a hunk 01 bread
6 ga",ul
7 swaim !could al.., 1:>0.' ... " army or t ool0tl1 01 ants)
8 flich r
:# gli mmer
3 head of garlic
4 10015 of butl.,
54.4 a btd of ri<;o: gamut of a pod of whaloel
3 drop of bNIldy gli,mner of hope a , hoal of fish
a 1i1lrry of 3 pack of hound1 loud! 01 h' m.our
54.$ 1 p.ad 0, pild IJ pad of p.apcr is pal'''' glued rogflher lhe lOp ImCl,ocd for ha nd·writing.
wbile ... p"d: u( paper 10 1<>USe , 11«1.< of (,"per sold Iv! pr; nlin<:)
2 pack; groin
J mit.
4 pack
5 torrent
6 gram
7 pinch
8
Unit 55
55 . 1 I
Z
J
4 comr,. ..
j clear
6
55.1 I g 2 • 4h
, ,
6b
7 "
8 ,
55. J I enti,.,I, I strikingly
Z bridg:e
.1 heSt
" d.ar
5 w<)tld
fund"m. ntally / strikingly
7 Slowing
8 sid"
55.4 Pwsibl, "'"'w,,,,,
I I Ihink the ;Jvantages of Jiving ill [he C(lunlt)' f;r outweigh Ihe di",<h·antag,el.
2 Uf" in the counlry CO",PMe!I very favourably wirh life in the town.
3 Social . eLnH>"'hips in Ihe roUIlUY are fllllda uoenially differ"""t from Ih.m: 'Il lhe 10Wn.
4 The pkUOIfn of lown life ""Ie in compatison with th" pI ..... ur ... of ;::n .. n' ry Io . ins.
S UufOflIl""",ly, ..... blic 'I:on' po<l i .. the COUIlU¥ is " .ikingly differ-cnr f. orn .he transport
RrViCel avail; blc in the cit)'.
6 awl sporu full i,.,.", au ilab!e in d,e foWl' in the O)'""" Y di ffer ... idd y.
FoJJ<I'\' np
Here fOffle /XIS,ibl, <ol/ocaoonJ,
in slMk , ,,nn,,.! ourwe,sh the bcl"ldiu
In sha.p oUlweigh tbe .ish
f!") ConI""'! dramatically a ill !!"Ie
Unit 56
,. gap betwoen her t".,h
the generatioll gap
56.1 I _ rhi , i. mad. hy the word
56.2
2 No, tbe 'p"ah. thinks ;, will be diftkulr - tllis IS m.de dea, by the I>tl,d rlog.
l 11 '< ,he responsibility of two or mo)<c peopk - Ihi, i,"",de c1C31 by word ioim.
" To try their h.udesl- ,hi. i. wown b, . be use of RIVl! thin/{' ,"OUr b ett sho)<.
5: Ko, Iohe d,,"" , - Ib", if. "",de d ear by me word "/x..";,,,,.
6 c..operlllOl1 - th", is " wit deat by the word Itam.
, _,k
j l.-Ied \I devming
1 dewrmintd 6 10 required.
) ""mol
7 .hOI
"
pm"inll
4 ign<)ted 8 12 reap
56.J 1 It'll all uphill itrugglc 10 get your w""k finished by the deadline.
2 'rhe of Shake.peare's has certainJ}' stood the t <5t of ti me.
1 It would be """ ibk fO( you N follow his
4 No provide ",lution tolf", pIobJ.ml .
S After a few l1\onth. you will ocgin fa I.,ap the of all your hard wtl l k.
6 Roh n""d. " valiam effun not 10 bU bel>ind III ,he l"3CC huT be jn.' didn', " ,,"e enough

7 (Hard) J'hp.;al exo:nioo ""nainJ, works up an appetite.
H "law!"'". wuuld pmb..bly be Ih. bell re'S(ln (0 offer you advice.
9 I' m pi""i.1f, my hopes on ",;""ing. sdloh n hip to me conege.
10 " Ie", been making a C<Jl>Co:rted effort 10 do hcrtt, term.
158 E"fIi$h CoIloc«ionf 10 lJ.eMwmc«J
Unit 57
57. 1 1 brighl 1 giVt; ,.,un 3 lIP; dean! 4 1f3W:1s j hac.l;51np 6 know
57. 2 I " 10 real1ylab90h .. d y dd ighled with my wo"derfu' p""""nt.
2 I' m diJttem:! - I've bco..., on 1:0 aU wed:..
57.3
3 It was a great pJe31urc Il> meet yl>U.
4 I'm reallr I vt l y much looking to from you .00n.
j It ,arne a. a bil of a IMek whon I htarc.llhal Elleo and Jim up,
6 'lb W brutally I don't Ihink Iw.' ll ever a good toad",r,
7 1 dic.ln't much luck when 1 ... a. Iryinj; 10 fi nd. mw dtes. fm (he p" ty.
8 I hop" I dic.ln't cause r Ullr parmI> any trouble. 0 , 1 hope I iliJn'l pul yoo. p.1rents In
any lrouble.
9 w., . ioccrdy 1 fUr mud! hope Y"" will visil ll'l soon.
10 "In" thought me thaI he m.lghl be ;<I wme kind of l rouhle.
11 PIca"" "",, 'I go 10 1ny trnuble nn my account'
12 Give me a ring you wa nt tn he picked ull fro", the , ralio".
Unit 58
58.1 1 broke; promUe 4 <<'jeered; eruu ge
5 doog"; qlle'lQ{)n
6 tml!
2 offer;
3 ruffirrn; commitment
58. 2 1 gave repeated :l.ISUrilTlCeS
2 went back On promise
3 give a straight a llSW"r
4 made a (fum) cOlmnilmcnl lo
S k.,.ping your promise
6 lid ded
] dl.1lllleb. nf oommuniCllion
8 I ra k your point
9 He p,ave a I1t ll apoJ ..... 'Y
58,3 1 Alex
2 BlUna 3 Simon
58.4 CullocMiotl$ i" possible " "timers:
4 Arlene
We all have tn cunh ..... I IM ism., of dl. ng •.
5 Finn
Wilh respect, r fhink thol )"our ,ommenlS w.y .hurHigllted.
n.. pol;.:., «ying 10 t:>ubfuh rommunic:l(ion WiTh lhe I ... mrists in building.
I accept ... h.1 yon uy. lt'. a hi. co ....... nf.
The I 61m 1 ...... tOOI .... ;".....:13 deni. ' afteT ",pons ill tht Ilw he!
. he w, .. I",vi,,@:.n .rf;.i r.
59.1
Th" lectmer put Oil intere'ting question to the clo" about tnc rea,ons fOf antisoci al
l", haviour,
Unit 59
1 har"brained 2 3 levels 5 bottle 6 vent
59.2 I C 4 C 5D
59.3 I a bug while he was in hospital ha'ten"d th" old man', death I the deoth of tnc
old man.
2 Cinderella suffered (vefY rough treatment) at the of her wid::ed Hepmother.
3 There wa, a public outpouring of grief wkn the film ,tar died.
4 The accident has fudled fean about I with regard to safety On the railway,.
5 Recause of tkir b.haviour we arc kft with little/no alternative but to boycott thcir goods.
6 It a lapse of jLJdgement for him to act a, he did.
7 I wos sid, with worry I worried _' ick when I)"d was having hi" operation.
SIt's beller not to bottle up feelings.
59.4 1 fit of ! temper I rage
60.1
2 to someon<', confidence I ill""ions I dreams
3 to fill ",menne with d" aJ I joy I foreboding
4 to hurl insults I abnse I stone, at ,omeone
5 a of "hock I f
6 po,e a 1hreat I probkm I challenge ! que.cion
7 lapse of judgement! time ;
8 an intens. dislih / fear !loathing
Unit 60
,
2
3
,
5
6
7
6
9
W
The whok country , eem, to k in a state of euphoTla after winning the World Cnp.
I a 'igh of relid wr.;tl , heard Joe had finally passed his driving test.
A, the starting whistle blew, a surge of adrenalin helped me get off to a good start.
I ,till always feel a sbiver down my spine wr....TlI Set off on a long journey.
It was a difficult climb but we had a marvellous sense of ochievement as we stoo<l at
the top.
Agreeing to do a bit of overtime could work to your advantage, you know.
Rick seems to have lo"t hi" sen,e of purpose.
As winter end, I alway., seem to feel 0 hurst of energy.
It wa, pure lock thot the answer suddenly came to me in the middle 01 the
I don't think those engin<ero ever got the recognition deserved.
60.2 1 derive 6 f>cart
2 high; lived 7 takes/took
.1 come H optimistic
4 expressed 9 great
.') w"nt 10 joy
60.3 answer"
1 0 or " WIsh
2 a habit or a dream
3 easy, ""rtain or iealous
4 Iud, willpow"r, non«'nse or coincidence
5 an effect, a hop" or chonge (but not ,om"thing concrete like, say, a 'wimming pool)
60.4 Author', atlswen:
1 I think that most people are more Ijkely to lind IOllg-lasting in a relationship
than" career - though yOll lind plenty of happiness in a career too, of course.
2 I have profound admiration for a twelve·year·old girl I know who takes mmt of the
re.pon'ibility for looking after her seriously disabl ed mother and who ~ l w ~ y , apP"ars
cheerfuL
3 Getting my first writing commi"ion was a maner of pure luck, of bumping into somwne
at the right moment.
4 I enjoy both, but I think I derive mOre pleasure from reading.
5 T laSt experienced a sen,e of achievement when I fini,hed writing the units for this book.
Index
... n
, n a""rop! 52
52
abid" by a deci.;,," 11
"bi litr
- 17
• 17

- 22
_ f.lil",rc 4
_ ", i$ery
- povet)' 4
- terlOI 4
aootlive 8nc,np' 56
4S

_ 8, 57
- es.Wlril 130
- furiou, 59
_ v.ml ll
_ wonderful II
ha.ve - 110 idea (;
u" ... I,. ab,urd 8
abuse trUot 40
,,,,ciemic year 17

b,,,,d .l. 47
trJce of an _ 47
' c"'Ufe your eonail 36
higho:$l ao;ob de 42
acromph<hed :octoc 29
ao;,, "OI
- 22
exhauStive; _ 18
give of 10
wrtem _ 33
c"p .. ie'lCe 44
degrct of 48
sense of 60

W,n' . _ 43
ce\d'l,alC the _ 42
acq" aimance
, "" ,al · 40
- 9
.\Cquire
- knov.'ledRe 17
- laST. for 27
ga a ones.»&" 10
."
_ your age 45
_ a, • gQ· k rn..,en 21
- AS a ,den::. 44
act on
- " ' Uel!I>on 28
_ hI' off 11
,ake induOIri;!1 . <I,on IJ
01.111)' of aClr..;l l' 54
actor 29
fin:uoci. 1 an,"'""
adJ po! 10 <: hang"'8
51
oddrC$< "0""
iOt down an - 11
"ddrc'l'!
_ 35
_ a I' rob!..:m 49

- ro bdi..r. II
_ to id"al. II
- fO a r hi lm oploy 11
_ to principles I , 11
_ tn standard, 30
adjourn
_ ,,,,,.ting 2
_ .. trial 38
Jdm,ra, ion
U pl'tSS _ 60
profound - 60
ad" lIt ddi:a t 59
ad<)>i a m.lI.od 48
surge [If ad .... ,alin 60
ud,onc<;,i
_ <<>Input.r ,kill. 44
_ 44
ad"a
n
,""'"
key _ 25
,,"ork 10 ... _ 60
outweigh Ihe
55
ad,'cn'u<c
of _ 26
thirst for _ 26

_ reacti<)rl 37
_ w<31h. r conditlofl$ 49
,,,I-icc
folio", - 56
iJvoore - 56
- 56
aff"" t he oouom line 15
affordable hQusing Jj
keep .float 33
aft er cmd"l 2H
ar;ainsr
- yom bertet 14
IDah a ":,,,d - 9
a fu m smn(,' _ 22
>g<
act your _ 45
£COd your - 41
look your _ 45
traditio" 23
mental "gili ty 17
.::,.",di, limit 33
agr..,mrnr
an iv. at an _ .30
in (,rrn>,J - 2
broker <In _ 2 1
entN inw an _ 2 1
prenuptial - 42
readl _ 2 1, 30
. tat. l im 10
a grin'ance 22
Iow-"'>st airi i"c 26
""r off 3 fi re .!arm 52
" light from a bus 1
. 11
deny _ 31
opeD - hours.lZ
with _ dut . espect S8
all -.tar us( 29
allay 52
all n,,,,tc
_ of a budget 15
- resources 34
"hern, ri""
- .......gy 'OU",· 31
";)U,,
be Ief, with little _ 59
come up wirll an • II
fea.<ibk _ 48
'''',1Z1n!!
- chain uf event. 29
- dcgn... uf 48
"",bi , ion
lifelong _ 6()
n.." Ii!.c yOU! - 42
311"' .. ,,,
inOldinu e _ 30
law - 50
- (of) 50
small _ 50
,"bstantial_ (of) 50
ample rOOm 46
,oure. of 5
critical anoly,i, 18
pent-up allger 45
onTl{)Ull<'C f{:corJ proht' 15
annu.l tradition 23
give a ,traight ,mw", 58
,mli-ageln)'; properties 14
eager anlicipa,ion 18
antisocial 35
apology
_ 21
give fu!l_ 58
make an _ 9
appfaf ill court 38
put in an aPI',,,,,,, nce 19
work up all apI"";'" 11
put ill an application 30
greatly app'c<:iatc 8
'tep-hy-'tep appcoach 48
appro,'c a plan 30
,mj,J(]US 26
run-down a"o 3S
argllment
I", drawn into an - 20
los. an _ 20
other si<k of the _ S5
thruSt of an - 18
wln _ 10
"",es
difficulty - 49
disput. _ 11
opportunity _ 3
probl em - 49
disband an armv 39
rumour lli .. 20
aron", sorn..one's ime"'1 1
make arrangement' 9
artlve at
- all agreement 3D
_ a cond",ill" 28
thoroughly a,hamed 8
for an ext.nsioll 6
a,,,,,cts of job 12
CaSt aspn,ioll' 4
",n,.thing', ,'alue 5
carry om a ri,k a'."".'11Ien' 30
immcn,. "5",1 48
"'S'gnmenIS
hand in _
,,,bmit - 6
58
"'tronomical 50
atmosphere
wn"iyial- 19
an - 9, 29
evoke an _ 29
poison the _ 43
soak up - 11
mlnd
corn.. un<kr _ 4D
massiv. h.art - 37
- 39
spate of ollacks 3
oltempl
abandon an - 51
aborriv. _
_ 9
attend
- a formal function 1.9
_ <elmol 17
"tWlHOtl
hold , omcone', - 29
undi"id.d _ 41
- wan<krs 17
n",'c au att lw<k problem 43
stunningly attraClive 3
" "hum hair 2
"Ulhorily
- 30
leading _ 17
in a po,ition of _ 3D
automati" Car 25
bmad a.·CllllC 2
awahn your imerest 29
award """"
an _ 42
award verb
- damages 38
he awarded a penalty 27
becorn.. 14
IOtally awesoill. 6
nf ll "h()()Tls S4
baby
have a-41
newborn - 41
bock adverb
_ in fashion 24
bring _ memories 46
go - on a promi,e 58
pay _ a loan 33
pllsb _ th. frontlers
tradition dat., - to 23
rraflic [;IiI, _ 25
bJek n"""
_ of 32
I", glad to see th. _ of 57
b,lCk up 18
bad
_ language 10
creat. a - impression 9
on - tC(Tl1S 40
take som.thing bodly
bab'lCe 'lOun
your - 27
strike a _(between) SS
b"lancr verb
_ Ih. books 15
b""is h wri"kle, 24
online banking 36
borbtcut
have a - 19
- 19
I",nage
- of imull, 3
- of questions 3
It>OSely baocd on 8
ha<ic principle 48
win banI. 5
"
_ awarded a 1"'nalty 27
- drawll into all argument1D
- giH"TJ leave 22
_ a .18
_ given a yellow card 27
- glad to sec thc hack of 57
_ontheg057
_ join. d iu matrimony 23
- left with little alternative 59
- open t" offers 12
_ th. nnly option n1",n tn
wrn..one 28
- in poor health 37
_ pmspecfS fnr 13
- in for a ,hock 59
- upfoc 57
_ worth a "Y 56
h.ar
- left 25
(cs"",blanc. to 55
_ in mind 14
_ a slrlking re,emblanc. to 55
- the 29
- the thooght of S7
not _ comparison wirh 55
off ill . [", at, n track 26
b ... :o" ..
hou$., hrul er an 2\
_ " .... ," " 14
- your <mIfidence 45 57
- a habn 41
_ salo. 13
huhbl y ""' ''''II<I I;ry 45
t.c.d uf rke 54
_ spirits 26
budget
.wa un " f 54
_ profits 15
- doe.n't streech 10 26
OOl'1:J rigid 32
a!1<.><;ate pan oi _ JS
antisocial _ .1 S
hom"w heHily .1.1 !'uild On tn" 34
_ 22 hlml" up your feding! 59 build " I'
good _ 3B
linc H yom strengrh 37
unacceplable _ 45
.. enCIgy 45 - 37
p,rt ttt. pair bd\ind you 3 !>O,,, to pres,me 1J de,..,hCl building 32
wides.." "" ... hd id 14 JlOp of 54 bmld, up
ad ...... In beliefs .11 sl'oi lt hut 41 I.affic - 2S
hclotl k someone'.\:
b,eJdI """'"
- 19
"dlie"emenls 43
in _ of Ih.I"",· 30 hum('<'r crop 50
ciai", 35 heavy 7
il your i>e!l 56 _ A COntract 58
.. I""..,:luerot< 30
I,.,·r"y someone's Iru,t 43, 58 hunk of bread 54 b"JSt nOun
again>t YOUI hCller judg"ment 14 " DUn - of enrrgy 60
h<:lwee"
_ with lr3diliOCl 23 bum ,·.".b
draw a co.nJXIrisan - 55 v<7b
_ Into 11
pu, _ 40 - , ht cyd. 35
_ into song .1
.. a balana: (_I SS _ diplom'" ic ",l3linM 52 - into rea rs II
heyn""
_ .hrough rbe defe..a: 27
bunnn;! with CfleI1IY 45
- leasorurble doubt JM _ Ih. j,mnlry 26 get off the bw I
back of - 32 - mw. 10
bl1,i,,"-'$
_ rccog.ni,iOCl 51 _ a promi .., 58
general>: - 15
h'shell hld(ic, 42
_ inlO" run 52 make .",und _ IS
bJll
_ inm wng H state your _ iO
1001 _ 7 _ a task down 4S
talk - 10
13", and bus!!in:; centre 32
01 54 I"L"llk d"",,, 15 knob of hUll" 5'1
com<' I,jl of 3 IDock 57 .. n b"", h 52 b>,!:on" 46
inlier enemy 39 bre:>Jc. do",,, 40 lAili cak "b1lnM 9
blad «0110lllY 34 Ifoubk bt<'.J h oil! 21 call
b .... me m,' " er under your bre.llh 47 - fo[:I. a:.uefi", 39
_ r .. <,/. I 43
re""!llment 53 - for cckorll;on 19
shoulder the _ 7 bridge gap 55 _ d"ct ion 21
blank 4S bright idea 57 - a hall to 52
hL1(.lntl y ob.·;o,," 8 call in
pt.y hli rwier 27
_ tIl 3 el"". 51

waJoled hi.". 13
_ 10 a hal. 52 receo't'\'S J5
hlilS/uU) 1 - 10 JUST;"'" 38 , ...... 1 off
lift a block:lde 39
_ $l3hilily 39
- " = u:h 51
hluod hai r 1 bl in;! Iud memones 46
_ a .... teh 21, 52
"",...,re bl""" 49 11" "1( "p .be .ubj<:ct 20
faa: tb. ,hooght of
"
a t>l);lt 5 hrru"l, "'bj .... t 20
<"lr
l'<' ld exrer im<: nl 29 b, Q" d
autom .. _ 25
lome"ne with
_ accent 1, 47 hybrid _ \
'lllc'tiuIW 20
_ annne 2 manual _ 2S
oone ,Jl" 43
_ gcncfalisalion 20 - 2S
hcaY)' book 7
_ h, nl1
", .. bon
holaoe", Ih hu<:>ks 15 - lang. 2 uffi.et - emissions .1 1
boominj( "Qio, 47
_ shuulde' 5 1
teducc )uur - fOOl pr1m 31
_ smile 2
in _ 1.
, ..
EropsIl
CMd
be given a yellow _ 27
a ,. 36
aft er cMciul 28
carry a ,isk 49
carryon a wnv,",sation 20
corry om
_ a risk 30
_ a , mv. y 16
a nicf,c for 12
di, mi", a _ 38
mah - for 18
overstate a - 20
put the _ for 18
CO" "ou"
all-, tar - 29
, tar-studd"d _ 29
ca,t verb
- aspersion, 4
- light on a situation 7
_ in th" role of 29
casual acquaintanc. 40
suffer cas", lt;,,, 39
environm"nr.1 cOl a,,,ophe 31
catastrophic r. suits 49
hcrd of conk 54
caught in tho cto<sfire 39
came
establish a-53
primary _ 53
root - 53
not - somC{)ne an)' t<OIlblc 57
c.mio",l), optimi.'tic 60
rdease a CD 29
ceasdi ..
- comes into cffect 39
call for a _ 39
cel. brate the achi . v. menlS 42
celebrate, 23
call for a '2eldmltion 19
impo,e c.n.,or>hip 21
bustling centre 32
cham of ev"nts 29
dinir committee 1S
challenge
the - 5
", Iish _ 49
u ke upa_27
tough - 5
rll(.'Ct die challcng .. 44
ch'lnu,
fat - 7
haY, {got l - 5
jump the _ 27
pa", up a _ .1
precious little _ 27
slim - 7
chang" !lOU"
_ com. s . bom51
- takes place 51
dramatic _ 51
forc. for _ 35
fundamental - 51
a - of hc,,,t 12
implem. nt a_51
irreversibl e dimate - 31
it wO\,]d make a -51
radic. 1 - 51
., Iight _ of pl an 28
, we"ping _ 51
ch.nge
_ dramatically S1
_ fundam"ntally 51
- gear 25
- imperceptibly 51
_ radically 51
- b"yond r. cognition 51
- the , ubittt 10
_ your way' 31
chang. d
- man 51
_ woman 51
make chan!;", 51
adapt to changing
circum'lance, 51
channel of communication 58
switcb channel , 36
di'pla y chocacteri ,tics 4-'
reject a charge 58
trumped-up cil.1rg" 38

rustic _ 32
have a ' pecial - 26
heart-to-hea. ! chm 40
idl " 20
cheap source 5
child prodigy 41
childhood fri""d, 40
gift"d child.ell 17
choice 50
manageable 48
sprinkling 01 cinnamon 54
eifel" of 40
circl11mtances
adapt to - 51
_.18
mitigating _ 2, 38
Cif,. 31
ci"im >fOUn
fuudul ent _ 33
claim
- benefits 35
clap of thunoo 47
clarify a position 22
touch of class 54
spmle."ly cl,an H
cI . ar adjective
- di,tinction 55
SCt }oorscl f _ obj "ct;,'es 15
clear verb
- a <lebt 33
- your 13
up confu,ion 52
climate
current economic - 34
irr,ver,ible - change 31
proV"" 24
d<><e
- confidant 40
- fri"nd 40
' OUlce, _ to 42
close /fOU"
hring to - 52
do", off ,tr.et52
cloud your judgem. n1 43
elm', of garlic 54
go 19
clue
hav"n't a - 6
vital_ 21
coon
- a phras. 9
_a tcrm9
cold
, ha ke off 3 - 37
streaming - 37
collnp'" 52
collateral damage 39
launch a new coJJ"'tion 24
long-lasting (Col""r 24
coma
com. out of a - 37
f. 11 ;DW a - 37
COme
_ und"r 40
_ out of a coma 37
- to a conclusion 28
_ a,,, bit of a ,hock 57
not: _ to any harm 41
com. down heavily on 11
come>
_ into eff, ct
change - abom51
dream - \nle 60
up
_ with an alt<:lllat ive t 1
_ with all ide. 28
_ IQ standard I G
_ with 1
Iwe. comfonable life 41
oomnocnt
ekel;"" ru - 22
fai r _ SR
Ihto.>waway _ 22
m l11l11it • minor offet"c 38
CQ,umilment
hvnour a - 16
nl<lke a - :5)1
,eafli nn a _ sa
cbair a committce 15
1:nowlcdgc 14
,'omo,,,,,;",ui.,"
of - 58
- 58
COnl))JI'C £t.vourabl y with 55
cOnJpamon
nO! l",ar - with 55
d' 8W 3 - between 55
"..It in - SS
c<l rt)l'd liog (caSOfl 53
COl"!"'!'t;"n
ficrce-I S
J"'31\hy - 16

lI, ounds for - 16
rua ndlc a - 16
lcd&" a - 9
md:e a _
13k ... - .. riou5ly

- dis:><Il:r '1!t
_ 40

- dep"nden, 8
_ different 8
_ <ep'''.,c
lIur compbi" " S2
nawbs wmpJai<m 24
,,; th me 48
'01111,1 .. with the Jaw 30
,"umpr" h"",iyc 44

ad.anced _ 44
- slills 44
shut d<>WtI a _ 36
rl", ,ni!\d 4 g
,""nceLlt ' a,ioT\ waver< 17
mounting co,Ke", 3
d iarl Sf>
condu<iun
al l - 28
m ille to a _ 28
foregone _ 14
jump to a - 7
. " " d""ions
bad! up _ 18
lump ru - 14
se,iou. "ICJ ;<;al c""diti un 37
condit ;o, ...
w"a!lter _ 49
03IDp"U -
b ee seYC"" w..<I,hn - 26
poor _ 3S
C<)!lduct an into a
crime 6
hold a pre.,; confe rence 21
c1oo;c cn"fid,1nT 40

boost yo"r - 45
ha,'e every _ itl 44
.hatter ,orneo",,', _

c<>"f<>n f) to safelY tcg"Ia,>cns 16
conirom issues 18
confusion
clear lip _ 52
. ta" of _ 19
cnn\:ested road 32
C<W»C'lUCf)('tS
din: - 53
disastrOOs - 31
fa"" d .. _ 51
c"".,d,,"bk:
- eXI"',icn,e 44
- ' ''I><l!atilJll 29
"nder _ 12
c,,,cf,,l.onli<k,,,ri,m 28
",'nstafl (
_
_ .t,uggl e
c"n.Uo>o.' IiY" ( Ti ,ici.m 28
("",,,uIl 6
('On.unnruo,c
nctwork Qf <onu"ts 12
n>nOl iLt your excitement 26
hold in
(omempe 43
<;01110:;\ a verdit'l 38

b,,,a<il a _51

"nter intO a- 58
wnnina!e a_52
f" .. I
in mu ke<J to H
£<J"tribUl;nj; bU<Jt 53
mn["]",, ")'1
lastinH - 46
mak" _ 9
m Ulrol
c:xncisc gmltt! - ovCf 28
hy _ 36
tighten .. " nunts 3D
con veri\. ltillTl
carry "fl a _ 20
""!:'Ige '<)'1''':0'''' m - 20
hold _ 20
lull itl the _ n
ir;, my lirm cnm'lCt ion 14
cOTlvin. iog victory 27
cnn"Jv,Al aUlln<phert 19
cool n:CI'pliOIl 4S
cordial n b ''''ms '10
co,." subject 17
n>easu,." J3
pash up 3-4
launch a countr r-MLock 39
<011"'"
_ of mNic;>liOD 37
enrol 001 _ 17
, it" up lor "- _ 17
,l:lr the -j 3
onr the _ nf 'ime 46
appear
....
- """ry 28
- • leA of gr""nd
cramped eOf'ci. non, 46
'y'leml (nlih 36
wivo !Ome<lne crazy 53

d""h of _ 54
J " llop 01 _ 54
- 24
c,eMe
- an almoopht,.., 9, 29
- b.d improssion'
_ I good ,mpr=;ion 9
- ao effect 1
- all impre<"on
- instability 39
agreed ", ed\! limit 33
unliT urd (' Iud 33
no""
oo,..J..a .n investrl',a.;r>n ,nto
,- ,
dig 0", info about . - 6
a _ 6
look ;nl(> a _ 6

_ I" . ... 38
go through a midhfc C, ISJS 41
crib", 1 18
cril ia" ), ill 22, 37
,rj,icisill
cons/fuai"e _
moon/ ing - 3
m-d..,, /.h crniq"e 18
bumper crop 50
caullhl in 39
cro.....dcd m _ 32
'"
lee (luI a _ 47
:nnngl«l _ 47
cul'unll ht1illge 23
(urb ",j!lItiO" 34
(L"1"<,:n,
- driving lict""" 25
_ CC'lrLomi( 34
open B _ 1I<.1:O\lnt 33
nih up CL","Ln, 9
cu.,odiJI ,;enlrna: 38
rtmand in . u ... xiy ]8
y\lUf d""",here 16
cunomer
regubr _ 1
. a,;slitd - 16
slippery _ 43
(ut llOUII
pew. , _ 36
cuI
_ •• d tape 30
Cu, down 011 h,xuries 33
cun illg-<.iI[tc desi&" 36
pul 'rlSethe, 3 ell 12
brel k the crele H
(ol1 lu:I, 1 3:1
award 38
dkd", ure 21
pl:rform 1 23
da n:;er
_ 4'.1
minimise _ 30
d,,,h of 54
tc:ld'.' \ln d""" bl d, (0 2J
dauutill/: !lI,t 13
J. wn blelks 52
ci",.t.liLl!\
- 29
_ smile 45

_ H
_ keen"O
p'\lnoonce $0""""" - 10
dcal with ' he comploxille5 48
tieJlh
haSln> sl>fIlffifloe'o _ 59
.. _ 37
un"mcl v - 37
,k' lhly 47
le'ope" a deb,t" 22
de b,
clear a - 33
ge r illlO _ 33
u!lI' t<LnLli ng - 33
TUn up a "Ub" -33
wn' e all a _ 33
d«-"Ic. elapse 4b
<kt.",m night '. ''''''p 5'7
the dfXidins factor 18


ruch th, - 28
dccl,,,·.
_ 21
_ m>nigh, ho."li,y 28
_ oulng'" oppo<iliOll 28
_ W1I1ntr W
dul"", 1KNt"
_ in demand 15
ex!"'r;'""" _ IS
$Cc a - 15
. h"wa-15
dccline verb
_ til COl1lIDm! 22
dec.-.:.>S.
d .... w 3 _jl
$Iigb. - IS
_ 15
"n"n. ivc g
a.·f" "it 011 33
del"'"
ad"'it - 59
humiliatillg _ 21
def",,,"
the - 21
10 ,omMIM:" _ 40
vigorous _ 18
dq:rcc of d
len!9hy dd. J" 25
in 60
ab<olutdy deligbred 8, $7
jUVL"nile ".,lon(]",nl 41
deliri"mly ha.P.Py 2
d,liwr a ,pttCh 21
demand 'NH"
dcchnc in - 13
salisfy a _
dem'lId "",b
_ all aplallJ,ioll 53
d"'" " " '''3te . n ability 17
I>old a de",l"IOStrJ,joll 2 1
issue a <knial 511
de"'" traffic 15
deny all 38
dep,n from a pau.crn I
Jeper"k"t
complo: .. ly - 8
rntirdy _ II
fOully _ 1\
der l",. !TOUps 39
pm down. « I_ it 33
b" ildil'lll32
dcri.c plea, ure frntn
,ilenee dc·".:<:nd. 47
fit the job 13
get the ' <COS"it;"" Y""
d<.""",c 60
de"s"
- 36
........ friendly _) .
label 24
de,i,abl" I'loto.'(" 10 Ii,,, 32
5fi
d",",ed .fOO 53
dear your del k 13
dcspua/c 51>
shal'<' your 46
dClailN 12
detenJ,; nN t Ho" $6
dc,·dup good reb, jon."ip -44
hail a5 a tlUjor dc...,I"pmcnt 1.5
de>."" ' ''''<3Y 1.0 56
traffi c d;"" down 25
diet
l';oona -37
stick t o _ 19
diller widely 55
difft,..,,,,,e
"":Ike a _ 5
subtle _ 55
wmld of - 5S
di ffcR·nt
- 8
... ri,dy _ 8, 55
explore - WBYS 48
fun,lam. ntally _ 1
, li ghtly _ 8
m ikingly _ 5S
dJ;:\7 -8
handk a _ SIIII3'''''' 44
- '" I'io down 5
diflicu)" "
expericn<" - 19
have· 49
Nn ,nto - 7
diHiculty
- 49
enc.., ,,mer _ 49
dig OUI i nfo abont a a in.t 6
dim 3nd mm>Ol Y 46
Wl n( and dine 19
wining ' nd dining 19
dip
- into elm.gwcy II
_ iuto saving.' 11
break niploma,ic ,da';(»1S 52
di, e oonSl. "qne>>=> 53
(liay 3 dirty . riel 43
(M ... "tace< outw..igh
,he S5
yom), 41
J "'ltn
_ m ikes 1.9
complek - 49
.'JK' II - 53
unn' ;lipied _ 29
dis:mrnu< C<lR>o:queoces 31
d,.hand J O army 39
di. do"" c 22
offer J discount 16
make a di.« uvcry .9
lea' "" 5OJ n,.,hing In .'IOn ... "O!>e's
d,.<creli, ,,, 29
enler into discmon 52
",fecliClt" di=sc .1 7
downright dj'grJ ce 43
thinly d" g"i..,d 45
inlense d"lih 59
di ,,,,,,l fail u .. 29
di<m;»
•• nse 311
w, <)ftgfullr - 11
puhlic 3S
di !lorderlr 22
rema,k S9
Stuwing di.'parit}" 55
.llspt;1 a luIDOllf 52
_II
dau lillg _ 29
pUt un - 23
d"pl"y wrb
- +S
di.ptlS' l waHe 31
d"p".t 21
. Ii,n lpted 25
di.fUP''''': inlJucnct <13
informati01l 10
di .. cnt,,'tI ""tel' 22

put $Om<' - MtWtt" <10
within ",alking - 32
di>!a m
,li m and - memory 46
_ « h.) 47
di"inc, i""
ou r - SS
,ublie _ SS
diMlngu,,""" 17
dIvert uafJic 25
opiniC>n' 14
I"' Y dwi,\en.J. 15
divotct
fil e for _ 11
_ <12

- a secrer 10
_ A 10
do
- a 12
- plcmy o' exaci", .17
_ 9. 18
- tbe
- tlK .ighl< 26
- "l>Ott 37
_ CXtreme spurn 27
- a Sllrvey 16
- woo 12
dndge the question 58
p,ack of dog • . H
donor of c('tam 54
dnlpn;".
pod of _ J4
s.hool of _ 54
d.,<lm to faHu. t 56
excud the Tt<'<>tnTTlCllded do<e 37
doubt
nagg' ng _ 14
IKrrmd .ea, O<Iabk _ 38
doubts
niggli lllj _ 4
plan! - 53
<I""'nl .... , \1 a , illb'tOlle 31>

- r u<le 8, 4 ;5
- d,\S""" H
, how d"w"ward trend 5 1
,lr.cooiJl1 meaour.s J5

_ chaoge .n
- shift S1
draIrulucaUy
clunge _ 5 1
_ 51
draw cumpari'iQII berw..,,,.iS
draw up
- a .om!act 3

_ a schedult 28
be drawn imo an argumml 20
fill so""",ne ", id, dread 59
C<'Orf'IC:$ !r ue 60
dIes ,
formal - 23
Wcar rraditi onal - 23
Und.,3ge dron\O:i'1g 35
wou"
go un an «onomy _ 1

verb
- recklessly 3
_ . ruy 53
driving
Currenl
- fe'il 25
.. _ licence 25
dmp
- "f brandy 54
- ,omeone;1n email 57
- the
drum up ' '' ppon lS
fUD dTy J 1
with all d"" respect 58
d"n thu<l 17
dum" 31
s,olne"ne "f tf..cir dUlie.1 13
r.sidcnti al dwellings .n
d),hw<T;o11al family 35
rag .. anllCip3111>1'1 lS
caTD a good 12
unckc:b re,l caroiDJ;'l 34
wit h .... n:u kabk ea", 43
traffic (Iff 2.1"
""'Y
_ apr; "" 45
_ 8
the _ .... 3y Out 48
,ake ,I - for a .... hilt 3
"",1m ... you UI 37
c..:h .. 47
design .11

e'lrren[ _ di",.te 34
,minlerrupted - gl'Owth 3<1
ecollomy
black _ 34
go 011 all _ drive I
Sl;"C( the - 34
highly e-d ucated 8, 44
edm,"'ion
formal-I7
gow b'd of - 44
df"ct
eeasdire comes into _ 39
C'"at" an - I
des ired _ 53
feel the full _ 53
have all on 53
han' a knock-on - 53
"flen,
ill _ 53
.iJe-37

_ 56
determined - 56
joint _ 56
mah an _.'\6
require _ 56
st"nuo"s - 56
[eam _ 56
valiant - 56
dw.des elap", 46
eall an election 21
mislead the "ketorate 22
herJ of dep!,,,,,,s 54
take your CuStom el,ewho[' , 16
em"il
drop someone an _ 57
remote access yonr - 36
"morgmc)'
- meeting 15
dip into - funJs 11
respoLld - 49
,,,,idence 22
. mlSSIOLl'
off"t carhon _ 31
vehicle 31
flicker of emoti011 54
whole gamnt of cm[)t<on, 54
empty prom"", 20
"TlCo,mtcr a difficulty 49
wey"lop",,(hc knowledge 44
. ndlm ,upply 50
make enemi e, 9
bitter cn"m)' 39
" ,.rgy
alternaiive _ SOure{' 31
boundle .. _ 45
bu"t of - 60
buming with _ 45
Jevote - to 56
rcnewabk - 31
summon up th. _ 27

- somrom' in conversation 20
_ in hOSlilitics 39
cnJOy
- gow health 37
- succ<:ss 42
thoroughly _ 8
help 48
. mol On a COurSe 17
entu
_ into an aB"em,n, 21
into a contract 58
- into a Ji,cussion 52
_ into talk< 21
- yoU[ PIN 36
ent.rta,nmeni
provide _-'
, ource of _ 5
unbounJed cmhLlsi"sm 50
entirel.
ckpendent 8
- different 8, 55
- separat" 8
ent"at. 22
meet the "'lin' r.q-uiremenlS 17
envLronmeni
harmful ' 0 th" - 31
stabl e _ 41
environmcmal catastrophe 31

- proportion< 50
,heer - granckur 26
sim"ltauwu, equatioLl 5
instaU equipment 36
era
bygone - 46
I\olden - 46
run 13
erro['
_ of judgement 14
se, th, _ of your ways 41
'POI an _ 49
erupts
rim - 35
violence _ 39
violwc. 39
e<c4'" "Qun
make an _ 9
"se,f''' verb
- puni'hment 38
ahsolutdy essential 30
establi,h
_ a cause 53
- communic. tion 58
- a gooJ rdarion,hip 44
research cthi". 18
,tate of euphoria 60
ovent mark< 23
. vents
amazing chain of _ 29
of - 29
COver ",'cry e\'wtu,lit)' 28
ever)'
cover - eventuality 28
have - confidence in 44
pander to sOID{,one'. -
whim 4 1
e"idcnce
- emerge, 22
give_38
unreliabl e _ 38
e"oke an atmo'phere - 29
exact oppositt: 55
ex"cting standards 30
wildly cxnggcr.ttcd 8
exceed
_ expectation" 4
_ the recommende-d dose 37
provide an excell em service 16
exceptioLl to 59
exchange !lo"n
- rates fluctuate 51
exchange
_ new< 20
_ pleasantrie, 20
excite sp"cnlation 22
excitemeLlt
contain your _ 2fi
flurry of - 54
"ocial exclusion 34
eXdUSlV{'
- interview 42
- rOStau,ant 14
exeruciatingl)' uncomfortahle 24
feeble 57
""TU",' no"n
do pknty of - 37
gend, _ 37
eM"ei"" verb
- authority 30
- greater control 28
physical exertion
ex l"""tivc account 18
,'ast expan'" 46
Enflish Collocation.- i1 Use A<Ivooc<d I 69
. xpenatiol15
exc<"cI _ 4
live up to _ 11, 60
'lOun
accumul"te - 44
considerable _ 44
have an _ 27
l"ck - 44
"xper icnc<' Imr"
- a declille 15
- difficulties 49
- nf"1115
_ a growth 15
_a ri,e lS
bold exper iment 29
of nIX'rt' 1
explanminn
demaud an _ 53
fun - 18
offer an _ 58
pro,'ide an _ 22
explore different 48
intrepid 26
export< Me liv" time£ grcater
thau imports 15
exprc," admiration 60
blank (ox pre"ioll 45
ex[end opportunity 34
"xtcnsion
a,kforan-6
request _ 6
ex" ,,, i,' e knowledge 44
extenlloting 38
gruff 45
do extre", e 'ports 27
extre",. l,. successful 60
an eye foe 7
keep your oy'" 26
the social fabric 35
f,,"e
- the challenge 5
- the comequ. n""s 53
- (up to) the facts 7
_ a grilling 58
- problem 49
- trial 38
- ,evere weather conditions 16
_ the thought of 57
focelc" lm,..,aucrats 30
factor
contnbutint: - 53
deciding _ 18
mitigating _ 1, 38
f" e" (up to) the hlC[s 7
f,il mi serably 3
t"I"",
_ 4
dismal-19
doom to - 56
fai nlly ridiculou> 8
f,ir
- COmment 58
- few 50
_ number (of) 50
f"i r)' ta le wedding 42
f"11 noun
a _ 15
, ee a_15
show a - 15
fa ll
_ into a 37
- into a pallern 41
fa ll, 011 23
fu l'ify record, 33
voi"" falter< 47
II1ClcOric rise to iame 42
bmily
- gathering 19
dysfunctional - 35
low,income _ 35
.upport a _ 41
offshore wind iarm 31
f" hi on
_ vict im 24
bad in _ 24
high-street - 21
what'< in -14
new, travel. fa" 57
scheme 12
bt chance 7
compare fa "o"," hl y with -'_,
fears
aHay _ 52
fuel _ 59
.park - 52
leas ible alterl1ative 48
movable f"' M 23
fee hl e excu,," 57
fed
- your age 41
_ the full died 53
_ 24
I know the ftehng 57
hottle up your feelings 59
a.tronomical f"", ,,0
get itchy f. et 26
lertile im"gination 14
f"" iv"1
_ celebmt .. 13
- fall , on 23
- 13
hold a _ 13
observe a _ 23
it'Hivc
- mr><:;>d 13
_ sea,on 23
join (in) the festivi ties 19,13
reach b'er pitch 17
few
f"ir - 50
good - 50
field noun
take the _ 27
fi eld verb
- questions 58
lierce 15
figl" noun
pick a - 43
"u"
- for your life 37
- fm survival 49
lull in the Ii)lhting 51
ii i. for divorce 11
fill
- <OIn"o"'" with dread 59
_inuform6
linancial acumen 44
;"d
- guilty 38
- not guilty 38
- 60
_ a <olution 31
_ time 19
finding'
pre>ent_18
publish _ 36
fine li nes 24
lin i", number so
lir. noun
set off a - alarm 52
lir e t'uh
- soT1){'om''s Imagination 29

- fri end. 40
it is my - conviction 14
lake a _ ,lance against 22
lim-hand knowl. dge 18
,hoal of /i,h 54
lit adjective
_ for purpose 16
pretty - 27
lit noun
of jealousy 59
li t verb
- the job dcs<;riptiun 13
_ in with plans 11
t"h tho fi, k 43
nOt-SCreen TV 36
fbt l!
- contradict 1
-
flowl e .. compk<ion 24
flicker
- "f emoti"n 54
- of hop" 54
_ of intere't 54
rumour Aie, aronnd 20
flock
_ of hirds 54
_ of sh,,"p 54
wid.spread llo.:xl ing 31, 49
nOut rule 30
IllLCtUClt.
- wildly 51
rateS - 51
share price, _ 51
temperatures _ 51
nurry
- of 54
- of excitement 54
- of Snow 54
_ of 'p"culation 54
flying visit 19
f""m "t tho: mouth 3
the fog8icst iden 6
foll ow advic. 56

_mil.<31
plain _ 19
bill 7
.. duc. your coroo" footpnnt 31
iore.
- for change 35
- for good 35
ioregooe conclusion 14
ioreseeoblc future
rurge new 40
wmpkto: a fUrio 6
formol
_ dr. " 23
- f_dllcation 17
"ttcnd " - function 19
restore to i" fo,mer glory
formula« a theory 18
forthright manner 4S
forwnc
sp"nd a _ 33
tdl someone's 10
(",,,,,,,d
really look _ to 57
very mneh look _ to 57
foull"ngtl"ge 20
four-I . t[cr word 20
fragil e peace 39
frame a qUfStion 58
cn::dit-card frau d 33
fralLdu lem claim 33

_ kick 27
_uptime11
go fr. ebnc. 12
frosh drive 35
n-icnd for Jifo: 40
friend ly
_ smile 45
pcrftx:t1y - 45
remain on _ terms 40
fri end,
childhood - 40
citcl . of - 40
do,e _ 40
linn - 40
lifelong - 40
mah _ 1
to and fro 2
p",h b"ck the irontie,-,; 36
8ive vem to YOllr S9
fud
- fears 59
- speculation 14
fu ll
- explanation 18

refund 16
feel the - effect 53
give _ apology 58
the _ of pnhlicit)' 42
make a _ recovery 37
qu,fil), full)' 5
soure<: of fun 5
attend a formal funct ion 19
fund"mental change .l"l
fundamentall )'
- different I, 55
_ .imilar 55
change - 51
SOurce of rundll1g 5
dip imo emergency fund, 11
"bsolutely htrioltS .1"9
mount,ng fury 3
kiek up a fu ss 16
fmurc
fOH'SCe"ble - 46
nOl-so-distant 46
gam noun
mud"S{ - 51
gain
mark. 1
- 5
opeI\lng gam bit 20
whole gaLl1ltt of emotions 54
g"p
bridge the - 55
)'awning _ 5S
clove of g,,, li e H
family gathering 19
g""8e 22
change g. ar 2S
grind the gears 25
broad gencral"Mi on 10
geL\eroll y :;peaking 10
g. lter"te business 15
stroke of genius 54
ewrcise 37
g. t
- into debt 33
- the hang of 17
_ hi tched 23
itchy feet 26
- a message across 10
- " plac. 17
_ rour priori,j" , right 12
- into reverse 25
- the sock 13
_ th. recognition you
deserve 60
rc"lIy - to somWTl(' 57
get off the hu, 1
gift for languages 5
gifted children 17
!',iri<' night out 19
gIve
- an account of 10
- it your best shot 56
- evidcnce 38
_ full apology 5H
_ ,omeone a good , end-olf 57
- a loud laugh 47
- pcrmission 30
_ a 10
- re_peated ""mances 58
- Someo"," a ring 57
_ a <traight an<wer 58
- somelhn'S .orne tbought 14
- vent 10 your frllSlr.rtion 59
,!Siwn
be _ Ie<! w: 22
be - a senlen"., .18
b", _ a ydlow card 27
be 10 Ih. back of 57
full of publi<:ity 42
IjIMS<:S n

_ of hope 54
- ... 1 intern. H
- " f light $4
_ of UMerstanding S4
<'eSlOft; u) its f......".,r gro. }' 46
I),ro. ... ) masazu,", 24
gloWnlR
- «vie ... 29
- tribute 42
go "OHI!
bt On Ib<! _ 57
1'1"
- dubbin, 19

_ on I n «onumy drive I
- fr« lance 12
_ ha nd in hand with 7
_ oul fM a meal 19
_Ihlough a midlife c"",, 41
- ( on Ihe offen.ive 39
- f"!rl-llmc 11
-thtough a phase 4 1
_ iruo producriOJl 15
_ in(\l'\ ""p,urn 60
_ into relul h 42
- shopping 1/\
- (In mike 13
_ lrekkhll), 2/\
- wild 27
n<.>t - 10 an}, trouble .F
go IxIck (In A pTOmi.., 58
jtO' ,I .. wn in hiltnry 46
:11:1 n a /tIt- hel"'...." 21
"""
.<.COre _ 27
Matta_ IO
" )li><." wiT hout ",-ying 10
46

- behviour
_ ' ompuler $kills 44
- f .... · SO
• knowledge 44
- level of education 44
- ""mOO- (of) 50

. ... ale a _ impression 9
, lcvclup - 44
e>m a - 12
enj oy _ he>hh )7
"stabli,h • _ rdatioMhip 44
f"fCC f(Jr - 35
Si"" $o",eono a - send f!lf 57
with - 44
= 11:-' - 6
m ll - 6
juicy WoMip 20
have go, the ch..""" 5
I:13b
_ .. , eaII
• a
!: ' ado". living 24
from university 17
l"and Slyl. 24
epic gtnndcl.l\' 26
scant pUffil5sion 30
lake for gram&<! 41
I:r:I-'P me impon:llt.::e of 14
glllv .. <b ngco:

_ pl ea. ure 57, 60
_ 50
e"joy _ ,uccess 42
have · .uccess 42
(" f ) - imporlancc. 1,50
plac. - value on 5
1::1''::'''''
- amtrol 28
expo .... are fi ,'o times - dun
imporl< 15
i;!ea Ity
_ appreciate 8
_ influetlCe 8
introduco BroC\l tax .. 3 1
g);"'f
inc(ln<c b hlo _ 59
OUlpouring of _ 59
3;':t gri""an"" II
b ce a I:rill i1\1'; 58
!>, ind Ih. ""ae< 25
w vr.r • 10{ of !:' Ollnd 18
I';rou"d. for 16
"C""I.ary gr"'LndwMk 28
g" !,,, in!: di'parity 55

a - 15
._ a _ 15
, bow a - 15
steAdy - 34
stim .. lale _ 15,34
nnimarupled «nAOmi<' - 34
r;ruff
- e", erio< 4.5
- ,'0; "" 47
p umpy 0 [,1 man 41
!:ui!ty
find _]8
find nO{ - 38
h..hi,
become a _ 4 1
<IL1u, a _ of 9
unfil £0.. h .. man habitation 35
hail
_ a. a major dcvcloprn""t 25
• a taxi 32
hair
auburn _ 2
blond _ I
- 24
hall noun
bring to a • 52
a ll a - loSl
verb
_ producti on .H
ho" d nou"
go _ in hand with 7
reject ou! of _ 28
hond
_ io :t ssignml"TITS 6
_ in Y OOT reslRn:lfi!)l1 12
handle
- a cun'p!:l;1lI iii
_ difficuh , ;tu:Il' '''' 11
set of 2S
,uffer the h,\ ndi of 59
get th<: lmlg of 27
threat hon)l< over S9
find b"r r; "CS$ 60
happy
_ 1
ddi.iou.-lr - 2
h"rl
- slog 56
<cund. like • 48
t,;I",hf> \!\l'llscheme 59
horn!
not comc 10 any _ 41
nol mean any _ 57
h.m" f"l tu environmem31
hal11= lechnolot.v 36
judge IOmeone hmhly 14
.... de;lIh 59

ah>olutdy nO idea 6
an attitude pwblem 43

h .. 19
_ 1i<>1) the 5
- a chango: 01 12
_ di ffirultie. 4'
_ I II d f,>:;t "n 53
- every confid cnee in 44
_ an exp"' rie"ce 27
_ eye f<>r 7
- g<e:ol Su(C£sS H
_ a knock-<l<1 dfox! 53
- an obligatirn, ,)IJ
_ un operati on 37
_ a 9
_ a 45
_ rebnce 10 4
- 1\<'1 n:<(ICct for 43
_ a 6
_ a $1",6al charm 26
_ a " "P"'Ct 26
_ a wh31e ,,/ lime 27
_ 3 WOld with 0
O<'lt _ much Iud 57
wreak ha""" 53
memory 4 1
3 I"o.m 7
ttcal lhe . ifl 40
""ah
h
he in poor _ 37
enjoy gl'lOd - 37
ri$k to public _ 31
",," Ithy ' om1"'(i oon 16
ho p 1"";"" rn) '12

_ 60
have • m.nge of _ 12
by _ 17
- attack 37
open your - 10 20
with a Jisl>t - 7
ch:!1 40
lleo<jnt' Itea< 31
mlar 31

_ influenced H
I",rrow - 33
come dowo - 011 I I
h,-.I'"
_ hwk 7
_ burden 7
- r .. in 1
- rcspom:ibili1t 7
_ ...... ffi<: lj
- wortot M.d IJ
h, .... tic pace ol ille 32
hccJ warniD!: 56
enliot hdp 48
Itud
_ of canle 54
-of ekphms $'I
Cll[{ural 23
hi)lh
- hop .. ,,> 60
- peJU1luge 50
_ risk 49
_ '"mover of 13
hit the - 24
Ipiril' o.re 26
'IV.16
fashion 24
"i!:hes,
_ a.:oob de 42
_ b;dJcr '12
"al ou l 24
highly
_ oo ..... trd 8, 44
_ """ised 42
- <=lR" nen.t 29
_ recommended
_ unlikely 8
_ valued '14
lpeak vrry _ nl 10
think _ of 29
luh jn pna:s IS
hinder 49
hro"d him 2
So do","rl in hi slu, }' 46
hil
_ Iho 2'1
_ mc;\rs 7
go:t hi,d )",[ 23
",, 1<1 no""
pu, on _ 16
hold 1)tTb
_ ""noroue's 3uentiou 29
_ somcone/oonv d ung in
contempt 43
- " com'cro!Tioll 20
- a 21
_ a 1<'Slival 23
_ " lor"". ( on/uwce 21
_ a l'O<ioon 11
home
[eaw _ 41
see,,,, d 41
111. " 0" 110 I'l:. ce - 1
"vue your ikil ll: 44
hrua lly honm 57
1000 ",, 1), , nini< 14
ho" "", a co."mi tment 16
boo," of IHughle.47
b""" _ 11
fl icker 01 _ ,H
glimmer 01 - 5<1
n in - 3
nop" verI>
sincerely ."07
very much _ 57
IOSl26
hope'
high _ 60
pill your _ on 56
h"I'Plllg mad 7
plo. y boo. to 19
engage in l\"n'I;';':" 39
h' ''lilll-,
&dan:: Quu:ight_28
open _ '1,\
wi,de51 36
p",k of hound. 5<1
hOllr.;
lone openio& - .12
opco . J2
unsocial _ 13
dis posal 01 j, oL< sch"ld wall .. 3 1
aff"rd able hOl"in!; J5
run u]> a debl 33
hUj:d )' l"'r ul". look 2'1
unfit for hu.,, ' " 3S
<!rleat 21
lOllCh of h"rn"'" S4
hunk of 54
3 hurdk 49
hurl J9
de31hly 47
husk) voice 47
hylmd 31
hYf'O, I"' j i,
"'ppom th( _ I H
w",lring _ 18

hrigh' N S7
come up with an - 28
have ab, oJ urely 1lO N 6
ho.><',,'< the fou>e<r _ 6
Iaugt .. hle _ 59
f Olq;1l _ J4
toy with an _ 28
adk rt II) ;,1(', 1. H
ident j, ) llleft 33
,die
- chatter 20
- threat 3
bone _ 43
rural ,d)'ll 32
profess 10
19no" .omeones 56
ill
- dfccts 53
criticalir -22, 37
illq.pl substance 35
rare ,linc-s, 37
imaginJtion
fertile _ 14
fire _ 29
i"' Ttl """, a"et4B
impJct
,ignificont _ 42
withstand th. _ 3
''''pan
- knowl.dg. 10
- wi,dom 10
chnnge illlp,:,-ccptihly 51
implem.",
- a 51
- a plan2B
trust someone lJnplicitly 44
importance
Ihe _ of 14
{of) great-1, 50
of paramount _ 44
impom
export' are five limes greater
Ihon_15
i L11 pose ce",or.hip 2 1
Imp"e,",on
create an - 9
create a hod _ 9
create a good _ 9
mdelible - 29
lasting _ 29
improvement
marked - 17
modeSt - 51
rOOm for - 17, 51
.how an .. 51
make imprOl;' ''lemS 9
ill-deplh
- critique 18
_ inlervi . ", 42
wiJJly i"accurate S
II1C"'''"lt noise 47
not rru", on inch 43
inci le viol ... ce 35
""lelTlent wealMr 2
Income
oourcc 01- 5, 33
your _ 33
LncoTl,,,bblc grief 59
ILKreas.e nOlm
mod .. l_ 51
,how an - 51
slight _ 15
5ub>!antiol_ 15
lller",se verb
- dramatically 51
- OlLtput 34
- si gnificanl ly 51
_ your sIre" l. v.l. 59
lI,d<lil,k impression. 29
declare ind.pendence 21
ill{ktermilla r. 4
re,,"arch in,]ic"t., 18
pcopl e 26
lake industrial aClion 13
thriving induslry 34
inf.ctiOll ! disea,e 37
i"hni r. pOI;"nCt 50
innotion
curb - 34
rampant _ 34
noun
disruptive - 43
innLLence ,,'ed,
greatly _ 8
stronr,ly - 8
innLL. "c<d
Mavily _ 29
strongly _ 29
dig iTtf" about a crime 6
information
disseminate _ 10
item of - 48
."ippn 01- 3
infringe Ihe 30
,how i"iliativo 17
inner city 32
innoc. nc, 10
inordin" te omow't 50
creale ;",tabilily 39
111",,11 cquipment 36
immntly r""oll 48
inslig"te mea,ure" 52
ill ,ult,
harrage of 3
hurl _ S9
imen .. dislike 59
il1 ten.,ely personal 3
""ereSl
arouse some""e's - 1
awakeD your _ 29
flicker of - 54
glimmer of - 54
keen 44
rai .. _ rales 34
overdraft 33
illle"m
promote _ IS
pursue your - 44
.afeguard someone,> - 34
interp<iSonal .kill. 44
iTl!ervlcw
exclusive - 42
in-okpth _ 42
intrepid explo""r 26
im",dllCc
taxes 31
- a levy 34
- a neighbourhood watch
35
_ n.w legi.lalion 30
- regula lions 30
se. 011 aT] H\trude, 11
invesl in 34
ill vc,tigote a crime 6

conduct on _ into a crime 6
subj eclto _ 6
touch of i'-OllY 54
irr", . .. , ihl . climate change 31
noun
addre" an - 35
c""lront an - 58
tackl . Ihe 18
take - wilh 22
issue
a 58
- a statement 22
confrOllt issuc, 18
get itchy f""l 26
item of information 4H
simplicity itself 48
fil of jeolumy 59
job
asp<ClS of Ihe _ 12
fit the - okscription 13
land a 13
walk .traight illto a 7
do a 12
)(l111
_ ill the festiyitics 19, 23
_ Ihe staff 12
)Oln,:J in matrimony 23
jouu dfon 56
jot duwn
_ an address II
- 11
_ a roo," number 11
)OUIn"",
",duoo, - 26
h,e. 1< Ii><; - U;;
kgDf a_26
jump fur )0)' 60
judge ,orne"n" hanhly 14

y(lur lleuer _ 14
doud yoo, - 43
own,,!- )4
lacknf _ 14
lapse n/ _ S9
J"IA - UtI 14
poor _ 14
l"i'1" gossip 20
Ju, n[l
_ at chana: 27
_ to a conclusIOn 7
- I<> Condllsi()lll 14
- Ie)< joy 60
j "olice
_ is 38
bri"1I10 - 38
nu!;Car, iag. (If _
j"veni k de1inque nr 41
h e"
_ ,nle, e" 44
dead _ 60

- 3 1\()al J)
_ your b .. I:1,,« 27
- your eya peeled 26
_ u ) the k(t 25
_ a prom,oe SN
- in !h3pe 27
- someone on thei, roe! 7
keep up
_ a foreign laMuage 11
_ dle Itadition 23
ke)' 25
I,.., kick 27
kick up a Ius! If;
kU" . nd lell
knoJ, of 54
h""e " knock-on effect Sol
lie ,he knot 23
I k"o" ,h( 1«:lil4l 5i

""'!"ir. - 17
_ 44
common _ 14
comp.ebon.i oe _ H
deny all - 38
encyclopaedic _ 44
en"",i,,, -
fi",H,,,",, - 18
good _
imparl _IO
(hi m fur - 17
designer bbel 24
,weated '" Ixmr

- cxpc.ricncc 44
_ of J'"lgt'menf 14
m""" up th.ladtk r 12
land a job 13
b ngna;:<,
had_ 20
fuul - 20
kc:cl' up a - 11
.. ro"g _ 20
fa .. 5
lap •• "f judgement $9
largo
_ 50
- 50
- 51)
_ SO
la5,i[]g
- ' OI'l lribo,riOl'l
_ impre.u,on 29
think blcrollt 14
the 13""" " oro 2;
g1'" a loud 47
bugbablc idea 5!1
laugh .. ,
1>u .... , in«l _ 11
hoots of _ 47
la u",,"
_ a CO"nt ....
_ a n.w collection 24
_ a ", h." .. 28
li!rsryl. 42

_ and ()Tder h •• ok do",." ]S
in broach of the _ 30
compl, wid} ,he - 30
p3$< laws 30
b r offst:! lf l 2
t. y uut ,he .e-;uh'!- 18
leaJ 1
leading 3uthomy 17
, ubllrb. 32
llcan leaps b(I
IUIII by llean 17
quid I.."m • ..,. 17
,C3tof I., .. ni "l: 17
lea'". noulf
m,.t. mitf _ 12
"" - 22
leave "'"',
_ 10 sollleone"s
28
- 34
_ Mme 4 1
_ roorn 46
left "diodiv,
he _ with lit de alltr"ltive 59
bear - 2S
left nrum
keq> to lhe _ 2S
of a joumq 26
;ntrod .. .: . ....... 1.WSb ,i,..,., 30
leor,thr 15
In
_ out a cry 47
_ ,,"HW'" in on 3 secret 42
_ ",meoue oUI 01 ),Ollr 41
10,.'. 1
_ of . docalion 44
uduee your su·ess _ 37
"'001' to thai - 43
i,,<:rcaSt your .11.ess lev.ls $9
I .. ·y "rum
introduce. a - 34
10'\1)' verb

li,CI1«:
current drivinll - 2S
""li d driy;ng _ 2S
li d of pai nt I
li fe
_ i , i:I" ".d uplide-d,'wn .1"1
fight for your _ 37
fri end for - 40
hu:ti, - 32
Ii a 'omforu ble _ 4 I
.hap •• 0,Ileone's _
!ildon;:
- ambiti"" 6()
_ 40
b vi'ih lilc.t:yJe 42
lih a blockad" 39
light adjwille
_ = di"l1 7
with a - heart 7
liShl _"
enl _ On sil\lat;on 7
glimmer of _ 54
[,k..,
.ound$ _ hald work 48
there'! no r laL-c - horne 1
credit [UllL! B
push yrxmd f 10 the lim ii, 27
bottom Ii "" 15
fi"" lines 24
of 54
Ii ..
drlOW up a _ 3
rt4r row the - dawn 13
lilCr:>IUrt: rev(o, w III
liLtle
be lefr with _ 59
1><:al - resenlblance [() 55
_ cha nce 27
Ii."
- a corn!<lIIahl. Iif.41
d.;$;.able II> _ 32
up 10 11, 60
1...., your 13
.'y,ng
- waite ' 3
earn a good _ 12
gradoul - 24
maKe n _ 12
umao _.12
wilhin - memorv 46
Iu,,,, .
cull ill 3 _ 33
pay inti: a _ J]
picturesque location 1
owarOll ('I f 1('Wlt. 54
lodge a compl"int 9
looe opening lIou ... 32
I00tl"jailing colour H
]ons-.1I3"U,n)l tmdition 23
]on;;-Ie.m
- rcl Uionship 40
- 501uooo 28
invest in the - 34
look M,m
I'K'W vu>'On'1 _ 24
hugely !,<,pular - 24
l ook
- reur age 45
- ,nlo a crim<: 6
really _ f(>Tw;rd w 57
very much - forw. ,d 10 57
1"" • .:Iy based on II
widespreAd 1<"'Jfing 49
10":
_ .. n .. . gWDl!'IlT 20
_ )'Ourhdihood 13
- vooc., 47
1l<Jf _ , Ic.p over 57
oopele .. lv I",! 26
lot '
cover a - of ground 18
t:l h up a - ul ",urn '16
talte up . - of 'p."t 46
talk a - of..,nse 10
under a - 01 pr .... ".e 12
loud laugh 47
low-co<, airline 26
["""'noome familv l5
luck .
nol have much _ 57
pme - 60
woke of - 3, 54, 60
lull nou"
- in In. COIlvet03l1on 52
_ ill lighting 52
lull lH!I.h
_ 5()mMne to ,lttp 2.6
Cut down ot, luxu[les II
lu <uc)'
- C ... m 24
WeeI - 24
hopping Vl"d 7
Illo.,y mag"inc H
qu. I"y 15
m3jor de\odopmen. 25
"oa]Oril )"
overwl"'lming _ SO
fC«I'" a - 21
. lim _2\
make
_ acquaintallce ,9
_ gn apology 9
- uuJ>t:emento 9
_ an an=pc: 9
_ CalculaTions 9
_ the nose 10, 18
_ cba.nge; 51
_ a commiu nenl 58
_ a wmplaim 16
_ a w n"ibuti<J1l 9
_ • differ. nce S
_ a dis.conry 9
_ an dfort 56
_ en .. nie. 9
_ an "SC3 "'" 9
_ f, iends t
_ .. rull rero .... ..-y 37
_ a habit of 9
- improVC' nle0l5 9
_ a livmg 12
- mistakes I,
- an offer 9
- a paymont 33
_ plan. 2R
- a pl ea 35
- a prop<JIal9
_ a rel ationship work '1O
- w orn for 9
- a ..,und 47
- 5()Und $'too;,: 15
- 3 stand a&3insc 9
- asuccen of 9, 42
- ",me suggesl ions;l
- welcome 19
il would _ " chanse 51
m,o
chansed - 5 \
gr umpy old _ 4 I
chunlt 48
,<l3nnu
45
Ionhriglu - 45
,". nual car 25
narrow pmfit 15
",ori<ed
- improvement 17
in _ I" 55
m.rkel
pIa, the >cock - I
l'"-get _ IS
m,uk.. ,..,.."
rull- 17
p in - 1
munc .• .,.,rb
event - 23
festiva l - 23
m' '''''ve
kart anack 37
ovt:ldO>e 50
'''''SIC. new $1<;11$ 13
call off a 5 2
maT.,mily lea ve 12
be joiDl,d in 2J
weighty 7
maTure Mudent 17
",e.l
go OUI fur 3 - 19
,mIl. up a _ 9
I>Ot me<ln any hawl 57
U>!<l-c;uning mt:Isun 33
dracon;" 0 _ 35
illS!ig,,,e - 52
'eno'" m,d,cal condition 37
cour,e of n" dication 37
practise nwdicil1' 12
mee[
- ,he cl.allcngcs 44
_ the emr)' 17
- with a stony <ilenc, 47
- w;rh ,,,cce,, 34
_ a targ' t 15
meer,ng
acijomn a - 2
'mergcnc)' _ 15
p"ncil in a _ 13
memher of staff 12
mernOn"'
bring hack - 46
" kindle _ 41
"" .. ,or y
dim and distant - 46
hazy _ 41
within living _ 46
menial tasks 13
mema l agili ty 17
get a m"sage across 10
mess)' di\'orce 42
rneteoric riS<' to fame 42
adop, a methoo 48
'" the middle of nowhe" 32
go thrOllgh a "'idlofe crisis 41
mildly surprised H
food m,le, 31
pa" milestOl'" 5
mind
b<-ar in _ 14
c"nCentrate th. - 48
mindl, ., violenc.;: 43
m,,,,m,sc
- dang"r 30
_ a risk 49
m!nor
- niggles 43
commit a _ offcnc. 38
<mall miLlOrity 50
mi""" rriage of j Ltstice 3H
proks'ional mi,conduct 13
fail miserably 3
ahj.ct mi ""ry 4
rni,I",<i d", el. ctorate 22
mISs
- a p'naity 27
- the point 58
make ,",scake, 1, 49
mi'igatmg
- circnmstance> 2, 38
- factor 2
moo.,t
_gain51
- improvement 51
- incrCMe 51
_ recoyery Sl
senior nlOmCnt 41
m'lo<)'
r. cov,,)' of _ 21
valu. for _ 16, 34
tribe of m(mkc,·, 54
fest,v, mood lJ
proyid. moral <nppor, 40
Set the wl",.!s in motion 53
spectacnlar 1
mOlll1[ l1lg
_ conCt:rn -'
- criticism 3
- fury 3
foam at th, momh 3
movahle feast 23
move ur tI .. ladd" 12
move sid'ways 25
mufficd vo;", 47
,tor" rtlLISi( 36
L1l1m.r LlIlder your breath 47
nagging adjedive
- doubt 14
nau,ng "0""
(OI]Stant _ 43
norw", adjective
- profit margins 15
""flO'" IIerh
- the list down 13
nas,,·
- pi,"" of work 43
_ shock 59
,oo,ionwicie search 21
natLlr"1
_ highlight< 24
- ta b u 17
near completion 52
ne"es, ,,,y groLl!ldwork 28
needlc" to say 10
"egotiate a s.ttlen"'nt 21
introouc •• neighoourhood
watch ",heiTlC 35
pre-w. dding nerves 23
network
- of contact, 12
,ocial _ 40
m'w
- S<' a,on', look 24
forg. _ rdatiooship, 40
introduce _ I.g.is!ation 30
launch a - collection 24
mast,r _ ,kill, 13
newborn bohy 41
","wly qualificd 5
n"",s
- travels fast 57
hreok - 10
. xchang. _ 20
next-cloy ""rvic. 16
C. rve. nlcho for yourself 12
minor nig;gl " 43
doobts 4

girl " - out 19
d. c. nt nigh" s slttp 57
0"
have ahsolntely _ id. a 6
have - respect for 43
th,u" _ place like home 1
wOLLldn't say _ to 10
inc"ssam ,'''' so 47
receiv' a 42
talk Ll omense 10
the not-,o-,Jj,tont fLLtLLre 46
nor;i")' the polic" 10
novel , oIution 35
novdtv value 5
in the ·middl . of nowbere 32
numl" ,
fai r _ (of) 50
finit. - 50
good - (01) 50
indeterminate _ 4
jot down a pho"e _ 11
jot down a room - 11
large _ 50
opposite _ 12
significalll_ (of) 50
, mall _ 50
,uh,mntial_ (of) 50
set yourself clear objective, 15
have an obligatio" 30
observe a festi,'al 13
rend. r obsolete 53
o hUIll permission 30
hlatantly obviOl" 8
<pecial occasion 19
' Kc"ional twinge 41
oce""
prof>l , m - 49
thoughr _ In 57
"H the beaten track 26
commit a minor 38
offemiv.
d.eply _ g
go on the- 39
slightly _ 8
Enll'sh Co//ocatioll, in Use 177
off" noun
mahan -9
tempting _ 12
offe, verb
- advice 56
-" di&<;ount 16
_ an 58
be op" n to offers 12
office
re,ign f"' m - 21
take up _ 11
offset carbon emission, 31
"ffshore wind farm 31
grumpy old 41
oncoming traffic 25
online
- banking 36
- shopping 16
be the onl)' option op,,'n to
SOmeone 28
"p<,n
_ all hours 32
- hostility 45
be - to o/le", 12
be the only optio!! _ to
28
"rxn 'Nrb
- cu"enr aCC01mt 33
_ your to 20

- ga,nbi! 20
_ remarh 52
long - hoors 32
havc a" operation 37
divided ()pll1ion, 14
opponenl
se< off an - 11
a vociferous _ 11

- a,ises 3
extenJ _ 34

oppome
- nnmocr 12
exact - 55
polar _ .IS
declare outright opposition 28
cautiously optimi'tic 60
"pt<"n
be the only _ open to
someone 28
_ 48
,'iable _ 48
178 Enp.il CoIk>catiorl,", U,. Ad",n<<<I
ord" noun
I"", ond - break down 35
place an _ 1
totally olll of _ 43
orde,
- a takc"",w 19
organi'" a barbec"," 1 ';I
slo,ding ori ginolit), 29
rhe other , ide of rhe orgument 55
pending rhe ()utcomc 5
pr""oke an olllcry 53
ht-oad outline 2
nlltp<)"ring of grid 59
output 14
outri ght
dcci " ,e - hostility 18
declare _ opp<lsition 28
ou"mnding <kbt 33
the advantages outweigh the
55
ovcr
- the couro;e of ,ime 46
excrcise greattr control - 18
not lose any ;;]eep _ 57
take priority _ 11
t!l1X:"t baJ16'S - 59
Mercome a hurdle 49
overdo,"
massive - 50
an - 37
Merdmft
imerest-free _ 33
run up an _ 33
Mcrstmc a ca"e 20
unpaid oYerrime 13
o\'crtmn a verdict 38
Mnwhelmll1g majority 50
score an OWL\ goal 27
hectic pace of life 32
pilcl
- of dog, 54
- of hOlmds 54
_ of wolves 54
lick of paillt 1
p"le in comparison 5.1
pander to someone',
evcry whim 41
of pammourrt imponance 44
Va Cant parking ' pac" 46
" lioca!e part of a budget 15
go po "-time 12
pony
have a-9
"end Out a _ 26
, urpri&<; _ 19
throw a _ 19
pass
- judgement on 14
_ law, 30
- a mile, tone 5
po" up
- chance 3
_ an opportnnity 3
pa"iollare emreaty 22
put the past behind you 3
infinite patience .lO
pattern
depart from a -I
fall into" _ 41
weather 31
'"
- dividends 15
_ tribute to 4
- someone a vi, it 19
pay back a loan 33
mal. a p"yment 33
peace
f,agil < - 39
restore _ 39
fed 24
keep yo ur eyes 1>""led 26
penalty
be a _ 27
miss a - 27
penci l in meeting 13
pcnJlllg
- tM ontcon-... 5
- thc response 5
_ the results 5
""nt-up anger 4.1
indigenous people 16

small _ 50
high _ 50
large _ 50
l>erfect noun
the - "'n"e 19
perfect verb
- a lc,<; hni'lue 48
pcrkcdy fri endly 4.1
""do,m
- dancc 23
_ a 44
put up a 27
pcrnllSSIOLl
give _ 30
grant _ 30
obtain - 30
",ek _ 22, 30
intensely I",,,on;tl 3
personality
-trait,45
bubbly - 45
through 3 phase 41
adhere to a philosophy 11
JOI down" phone 11
enin phrose 9
phy,ical e""tliotl 56
pick a fight 43

_ localion 1
- town 2
- village 1, 2
nasty pi ece of work 43
pik OJ] the pound, 14
""
- )'O\1r hopes un 56
difficult to _ down S
enlu your PIN 36
",.ch fcve, pitch 17
noun
change tah s _ 51
desicoblc - to Ii," 32
geta_17
..,cur. a _I 7
there's 1)0 - like horne 1

_ gr.at value on 5
- an order 16
plain
_ food 19
- truth 3
plan
approve a _ 30
irnplm\ent a _ 28
slight change of - 28
unveil a _ lR
plaLls
fit In with - 11
make _ 18
plJnt doubts 53
plM(]nic relationships 10

blm{icr27
_ dirty trick 43
- ho,t to 19
- the ,tock m"rkcr 1
_ truant 17
m"ke a plea 35
exch"nge plc",alltries 20
pl . ase"c
derive - fmm 60
grc"t - 57, 60
do pkl1ty of exercise 37
plummeting profits .14

- of dolphins 54
- of wh.le, H
point
mi" the - 58
, trong - 45
tah somwne', _ 5g
unique selling _ 15
refusc 21
poison the atmosphere 43
polar opposite 55
pol ice
notify the - 10
subject to _ inye'tigation
abandon a puliey 52
puc"
_ judgement 14
_ quality 16
- ,aDitary comlitiun. 35
be 11\ - 37
hugely popular lo()k 24
)X"e a threat 49
po,; ,tle>n
in a _ of authMit;, 3(l
clarify a _ 22
huld a - 12
take up a post 12
preserve for posterity 46
rca Ii", potenti"l 13
pik on the p"""ds 14
abject !"'verty 4
powcr
- cut 36
re,tore _ 36
..,iIe - 21, 39
p",ui,,"1 \'"Iue 5
put into pmctice 28
peacti'" medicine 12
he"P p",ise (II) 42
highly praised 42
pre-emptive strike 39
pre-we{lding nerves 23
P"X;lOll' little ch"oc. 27
tcrmin"te " 52
premature denth .37
prw uptiol agreement 42
pr"p""'tion, arc un{icrw"y 28
pre,ent
- au award 42
18
pre,erve for ponerity 46
hold a pr." c()nferenc. 21
rrc"ure
how t() _ 11
under cuusider"ble -12
unocr" lot of - 12
with,tnnd _ .3
prett;' tit 27
p"c<' ,
hike in _ IS
,hare _ flucmat. 51
pride of lions 54
pri",,,,y Cm'Se 53
prime-time tele"i.ion 21
basic principl. 48
adhere w principles 1, 11
get ,.un' priori tie, right 12
t:.lkc ptiMity over 12
probe a crim. 6
proble m
- 49
_ occurs 49
address a _ 49
face a _ 49
hnve an attitude _ 43
tackle a - 49
wre,tle with n - 14
weighty prohl ems 7
standardi". procedure, 30
penci"i", a ,-;ctory 21
child pmd igy 41
proouce 3 result 53
l'ro<iuction
g() into _ 1 'j
halt _ 36
profes, 10
prol,->,i"n"1 adjtctivt
- mi,;conduct 13
pmfess iuml noun
consumm"te - 19
proiit
narrow _ margins 15
wmin a -9
1"011"
announce record _ 15
boost - 15
plummeting - 34
profoullJ admir"tiun 60
hinder P""I\"''' 49
pwmJ '"
break" - 58
empty _ 20
go back on _ 58
koep" - 58
cosh - 20
promote interest. 15
pwmpt
- service 16
- sp"culation 53
pronounce 10
public pronouncement 22
sp"ak properl)" 10
ami-ageing propertie,; 24
epic proportion< SO
make a pwpo,al 9
toast 23
b<; prospeCts for 13
protest noun
stage a _ 9
prorc,;, verb
- innocence 10
prolld tradition 23
pr.wcn
- ability 17
clinically.,24
provide
- "l1l"rtaimn"m 5
- excellem ""rvice 16
_ an 22
- moral support 40
- rational" 1B
- a reier"nc" for 44
_ relid 35
- sbelt"r 35
- simult.1neous transl"tion 5
_ a solution 56
pro.oh an omcry 53
public
- disorder 35
- pronOllllcem"DI 22
- speooing 34
rdiabl " _ transport 32
ri,k to _ health 31
full glare of puhltcity 42
publish
- finding' 36
- res""rch 36
escap" punish"' "1\[ 38
purr luck 60

fit fot _ 16
,ense of - 60
_ 10
PLL"'IC your imerest.' 44
pu.,h
- back The fwmiers 36
_ up 00.>1< 34
- },OUI",,]f to the limits 27
PU,
_ the case for 1 8
_ some distance betw"",n 40
- , omwne On hold 16
_ tho past l",hind you .3
- into practice 28
- a qucstion to 58
_ a stop to 52
- a CV 12
nor - somcun" W any
trouble 57
pu< dow" a depo'it 33
pm ill
_ all appeamncc 19
- an application 30
put Oll
- J display 23
_ standby 26
_ trial 38
pm up a d"termined
1"' rformanc" 27
with good 44
quali&d
newly _ 5
wdl_ 44
q"alify fully 5
quality
hav" a _ 45
maintain _ 15
puor-16
spend - tim" 19
top _ 16
quanmy
larg" _ SO
she"r _ 50
significant - (of) 50
small - 50
_ (of) _,0
unknown _ 50
qudl pnrC,;t 52

dodge th" _ 58
frame a-58
put _ to somwne SH
tough _ 20
que",o,,-,
barrage of - 3
hombmd someOne with - 20
lidd _ 58
quick 17
quiet Jl
rod",l chang" 51
chang" ro<licolly 51
ram
_ sets in S2
hoary _ 1
- your fila,;"" 23
., inrere't rat", 34
_ your voicc 47
r"mp, "t inflation 34
mll!;'
-2
stunning _ 24
wide _ 1, 50
go inw rapture. 60
ra re illne,s 37
promis" 20

_ Apctll"tC SI
rai," interest _ 34
waring crime _ 38
provid" a rmio"ol . 18
re-op"n a deba", 22
re,cn
- agr"cment 21, 30
_ the decision 28
_ fever pitch 17

"Jvcr"" - 37
gaug" _ 22
read a , "bj "ct at university 17

_ 18
light - 7
reaflirm a 58
te,li",
_ your 42
- YOllr pot"ntial 13
really
_ gu to someone 57
- look forward ro 57
reap the rewards 56
rc"",n
comp"liing - 53
gi\·c " -10, 53
simple _ S7
beyond ,",,;,lI,,,bk doubt 38
inst.ntly recall 4H
reccive a 42
call in tho rc'Ce,Ycr, 15
cool t "C" rtio" 45
rc'Cklcs<ly 3
, ecog"",on
beyond _ SI
get the - yon ","serv" 60
recommend
highly _ 29
thoroughly - 29
wholehearttdly _ 44

"xc"ed tbe dos" 37
highly - 8
annoullCt "'I'",d prOOI5 15
falsify ."'C,,,.I, 33

- of !TI<.Iney 21
full _ 37
moden _ 51
wa.te 31
tap" 30
red...:.
- ytWf eu \xln f()()(prinl 31
- you. mn:! levoJ 37
as rc:lcrt"C 44
pro,i,1e a rcie"'",-"C for 44
<Ike up IJ
full. ,'lun<l 16
ro"'t-bl' nk 22
ur'oon 32
"',!!imc lopple, 21

- CUSI OlllU 1
- upd;\re 22
"'8ul:",,,n.
confonn In lalny - 16
,n(ringe rhe _ 30
introduc.: _ 30
gil (nrc ,ehal> 42
.,ic"". 47

- 3 chnrge 58
- our of hand 28
Ihlly _ 22
rekm.Jlc me morOes 41
...,b,iolls
,ijpl ... m",ic _ 52
cord,. I _ 4D
[. tluon,hi l'
_ brcakl down 40
devdnp !I""d - 14
enal>lisl< u g<><><] _ 44
Ions-term _ 40
make a _ w\llk 40
siable _ 40
rclJfiolilhil'<
Inrge ,,,.,., _ 4{)
pl .. oni(: _ 10
a CD 29
In 4

_ pub]' , t,."nlpen 32
- "(",,ee S
...,Iiel
pmI'l,j.- - 35
"gIl of _ f;O
-.. clo.: ollle _ .\7
,,-,10,-,·, .... of their 1 J
a ,"ballenge 49

_ on lriendly t "'IIl! 40
_ """hanged S I
r,;m,nd in cu!rudy 38
dispamging 59
with [" e",,,kohlc eale
remark. 52
rcm, ..
by _ coo.trol ]6

_ ymlI email 36
fender
- obsaJet" 53
_ 4
";,,,,w. b1 o "nerg)" 31
on J'-'paY1T1,""tS 33
give fC!,<, Jtcd a,suranCeS 5R
0. report 18
n p"tm, ,., rt
a _
" ... dl-tl"""vetI _ 29
r«jUCSt an a tern-lon 6
I\'<:IU'''' dfott 56
'<XIu'",,,,cntl
meet th" ent..,. - 17
rotiory the _ ]0

_ ethi c, 18
_ indiar te. 1 S
<10 _9. 18
publish - 36
selen " - topic 18
1"el'(mblaoce
b<::o. 11Id e .. to 55
bear a _ \<> 4S
bleed S3
, e, idcIHi,, 1 dwelli ngs 32
rc, ign front offi<; . 21
Mnd in your 12
up !<"Si'I""'" 37
allnc:l ,t rcsourres 34
1"t"<J>«t nrum
pin-5
bHe no _ [or 43
wi ,h all due - 58
"'<I""'" !lui,
_ i(,meone'l wi.lte$ 4 1
r("lp')I1d
_ to an cmcrg.m:y .. 9
_ well to l .. atm""l 37
pc",li,,!: the ""J'I01'o;C 5
n-.pon,;h']lIlts 43

h",,'"1 - 7
lake on _ Il
OXh.lol"" 24
""me
_ to irl former glory 46
- peace 39
- power 36
the blame "" .. wilh 43
prod"""o a . uult J3
results
cat:mropho.: _ 49
b YOlll tM_18
peuding t he _ 5
1\-. ",,1
_ :t 42
.. a mlolll 44
g<:t into 25
reVlCW
glowi"S _ 29
li [erafUre - J8
undnso a rcvi VlLl I S I
<c"'M<l 21
,eap the rew, ,,19 Sli
bed of S4
rich
- sOllrce 5
- tmdi tion 23
<t;rtk;n!l _ 8
ridic ulous
faintly - S
ullcrlJ - 8
be,] .,f, 40
get your pI1nritiu , ilth, 12
ur 2S
b",ed 32
gi ve ,,,,neone a 57
download a rinl;tOnC 36
rI ot 35
cxper;"no; e a - 15
= a - 15
""ow _ Jj
meteoric _ to I, me 42
ris;n!: uI>Cmplr:>]'rTI(n. 34
r,,].;
- Ie> rubl; c hcahh 31
_
cnr)" oUl _ 30
high _ 49
,I _ 49
... nt;esled .1lII.J .l2
hit the Joch 7
cast jn the r ... l( .. If 29

- fot HDp""'mlem 17. 51
ample _ 46
jO{ down a _ n .. ",ber 11
- 46
=ke - f or 9
lake up lor- of - 46
the , o<>! cao.'. 53
rough idea 14
downtlgilt n lde 8
. ule
flout a - 30
.. mple _ 48
' U!nOuf
- rues l((lu!>d 20
dispel a- 52
,,_ 20
mn nOun
break jnt<> a- 52
'un w,b
- imo difficulti", 7
- dry 31
- <,"andf 13
- 36
- inTO u ouhle 7
run tip

., cut l:lln' 9
- 1 huse debt 33
_ OYCldr. it 33
,,,n-dowl' a'_" 35
,,, •• 11 idyU 32
' '''Iie 32
up" meal \I
gel ,be Mel: 13
touch of ... dncs. 54
SO"lClme'. 34
conform In . "i",), "guiu>on! 16
boo.;! 15
May <;1 m" 51
poll . colldilions 35
R shoal of ... 54
uK 36
.. c .. ....... 16
.at",f,.
., I delllOl "d 15
., requiltfmnt. 3(J
dip ;nlu 11
" Y
need len to ., 10
nul - a word 10
wouldn', _ n O ro 10
il go5 ,,·ithnut ",yilll\ 10
schrdulc
d.."w up 3 ., 28
$1Id: 10 " - 28

fan.,uad, ., 12
_ 59
introduce a "";ghlX>"dlOOJ
watch 35
a - 28
tre( _pbnting _ 31
dis tinguished ",holM 17
"' ''' a .""",,b Tli"il' 17
sch ..... l
_ of dolp" ;n, 54
_ of whale;; 54
ancnd - 17
;c<.)re "ou"
_ !Iand, al17
<,CMC verb
_ 3" nw" goal 27
,he lal .. 1 seo .. , 27

.. II o ff a - 21. 52
naliollwUk _ 21
.... nd out a - party 26
31
!eJIU"
festi ve - 23
"I:W -', look 14
. .,
_ of learning 17

,««>n.1 home 1 1
W(.C(
a - to
Ie. w moo!lC in "" a - 42
r<:vea! a _ 42
lell a 10
l«urC
_ l m.Jjorit y 21
_ . pi""" t 7

_ a ok.: Iinr: IS
_ , he error of yo", w:ly< 4 1

_ a glOwth 15
_ off an int[\,,!.,r II
_ tIff an opron",,' 11
_ a ri.., 15
b.. glad to - the back of 57
<uk !",rmiwon 21., 30
S4';ze power 2 I , 39
,.,io:cl l rnearc:h TOpic 18
leU a .. ory 42
uoiq ..... . point 1 S
I",d l I
w:nd oul ,r;1I . ch p"" Y 26
gi.e someoue a good lendoff 57
"""or "",men! 41
..,"' c
_ "I "cllie"emem 60
- "I adVerllllte 26
- of purposo 60
m.Jh sound - 15
talk a 101 of _ 10
<;tf)ll:ncc
he gi-'en _ 38
ClI<1odul _ 3M
. erve o Ul a 38
sen. i,ne", .. ! valli( 5, 41
"'p'Ha<o
completely _ 8
entirel y - 8
totallf _ H
", riC"; nf event! 29
"'. ;"'" medical condition 37
.. rro, .. ly
lake cOlupbi,,{ _ 16
uke .om:Glle - 20
.., .. .., nut 3 38
jU'li"" i, .... 3B
"' '''"''''
ncxt-day - 16
prompt - 16
provide _ 16
unrivalled - H
... aJj«rim
- ' ""I 17
"'-
- of handlcbAr$15
.., t verb
- YOllrn:lf d eat obje.:tive., 15
- off fi r<: nlu m 52
_ a trond 24
- wheels in mOli"n 53
- to work
rain ...-t. in S2
" "!;Ollale a 2 1

- blow 49
face _ wellt"'" co"dill"'" 26
"",,ordy disrupred 25
<)ff a .old 37
""",,
kN:p in _ 27
p" .,trb
- yout dC!Tiny 46
_ o;omr;(>,>c'! hFe 46
, ha. r " rices IhK'lulle 5 I
'''''<1' wit 4S
, haner . omeon. ', confidence 59
flock of 54
" 'I',,e r
- epic grand. ur 26
- luxury 24
- Guamit y SO
- siz. SO
pccwi"'" shelter 35
, hif,
dramatic _ SI
sudden - 51
, hirk rc'ponsibilitie, 43
, hi,""," down your spinc 60
, h"al
- offuh 54
- of S>lIdine, 54
, hock
b. infora-59
comc a. a bit of a -57
na"y _ 59
in a state of _
shopping
doth._ 16
go _ 16
onlinc - 16
, r_on of ' pace 46
give it your I",st , hO{ 56
dlOllldcr th. blalll<' 7
hroad 2
, hnw noun
- of lInity 21
, how n :rb
- d. din. 1.5
- a 51
- a downward 51
_ "bIllS
- a growth 15
- an 51
_ an incrca", 51
- ini tiatin 17
-ari,. 15
- "n upward ncnd 51
, hut down a computcr 36
sick
- with worry .,9
wor(lcd - 59
throw a 'icki , 13
,ide
- effect, 37
other _ of the argurnent SS
tah a , i<l ",wil'" S9
move ,idcw, y, 25
'i);h of rdid 60
I. t ,omeone out of your sight 41
do the ,ight, 26
, ig11 up fur a COIlUC 17
great 50
sign]lic"nt
- . mmont lofl SO
_ impact 42
_ number lofl SO
- quantity lofl50
increas. , igLlifi cnmiy 5 1
silence
- descend, 47
_ reigns47
m.et with a stony _ 47
fnndam. ntally ,imiln 55
simplt
- 57
- rul . 48
- truth 3
, implieity itsdf 48
simultaneuus
- equation 5
provid. - translation 5
, incerely hope .57
,ituation
ca'tlight on a _ 7
handle - 44
SI ze
good _ 50
sker - 50
,kill ,
advanc. d comput.r _ 44
good wmpmer - 44
hon. your _ 44
interp"rsonal _ 44
ma,ter new _ 13
,Ie. p
night's _ 57
not los. any - on r S7
lull SOmeone to - 26
,light
- change of plan 28
- d('Crea,c 15
- l .5
,lightl y
- diffe,ent 8
- offensive 8
,lim
_ ehauee 7
- majority 21
,tandaTds slip 3
slipP"ry customer 43
hard ,log S6
,Iur your word, 47
,mall
_ amoont 50
- minority 50
- nnmber 50
- pcTccntagc 5(1
_ quantity SO
smile
broad - 2
d"nling _ 45
iri. ndly _ 45
warm - 45
run ,,,, oothl y 36
,n"ck
grah a _6
ha\'ca- 6
ta.t), ,nacks 14
' nippet nf inEot"'mion 3
flnrry of ,nnw 54
soak up atmo.pherc 11
,ooring crin", rat. s 38
t. mp"rall1r. '00" 31
social
- . xclu,ion 34
_ fahric 3S
- n. twork 40
- whirl 19
,oft 47
sohr heating 31
solu[ion
finda_ 31
_ 18
novd - 35
prO'irlc a-56
song
break into _ 52
burst into - 3
,ound adjective
mah _ busin. " .en" 15
sound no""
_ tnlvds 47
maha_47
sounds lih hard work 48
,ource
_ of amu,"n",nt 5
- of ent.rtainmelll 5
-of lun5
_ of funding 5
- of incoTTl<' 5, JJ
alternative en. rl';y _ 31
cheap - 5
_ 10
rdiabl. _ 5
rich - 5
valuable - 5
,oure", to 42
spac<'
oonfin.d _
,hort of _ 46
toke up a [0{ of - 46
parking _ 46
wa,le of _ 46
Ip"rk fear> 52
'pate
_ of allacb 3, 39
- of lhd l' 3

_ properly 1 0
_ ""'y highl,. of 10
,p.aki ng
generaJJy - 10
<{riclly _ 10
'p"cial
- oa;asion 19
have _ chann 26
Sp"c[Hcu\ar 1
spcdaculariy Sllcc.ssfuJ 29
<pecul'linn
excite _ 21
flurry of - S4
fud - 14
prompt: _ 53
ddiv", a 21
render sp"ech["" 4
.1f',,11 ([isoster 53
sunny 'pells 26
spelld
- a fortune 33
_ quality time 19
pnblic sp"nding 34
shiY. r down your spin. 60
,pm«
_ are high 26
OOoM' - 26
'['<li[l br"t 41
do ,port 37
do extrem. 'ports 27
' r<>l an error 49
.Ipotklll)" clean 8
spr. ad a rumour 20
sprlnj\
- to ",moone', ([eEen"" 40
- " surpri,e on 19
of cinnamnn 54
bring ,Iabi]jtv 39
stobie
_ environment 41
_ 40
staff
high turnOver of _ 13
join lh. _ 12
off - 12
mcmocr of - 12
Slag.
- a prolesl 9
-amih13
tak< a firm slarlce against 22
'tand noun
make a - agaimt 9
stand verb
_ lh. tesl of 40
- trial 38
come up to "and.rd 16
prtXedurc! 30
standards
- sJip 3
adhere to - JO
exacting _ 30
put 011 'landby 26
,rand, at 27
star-studded cast 29
slartling originality 29
,laIr not'"
_ of confusion 49
_ of euphoria 60
in a - of shock 59
''''Ie verb
_ an aim 10
- your bnsin"" 10
-agoal10
- " pllrpo« 10
i58n. a S[ar.ment 22
'I" ,.
_ the courIC 13
_ the same 51
'lead)' growth 34
,teer the 34
approach 48
,tick
_toadietl9
_ to a ,chedule 28
st;mlllalt' growth 15,34
"inking rich 8
play ,Itr>d market 1
st<>ckpil" weapom 39
with a 'lnny 47
s!(jop to rhat level 43
put a 'tnp to .1"2
ha". a <topo;,cr 26
,lOre musK: 36
sell a story 42

- A stud.nt 17
give a - answer 58
walk _ into a lob 7
in a straightforward way
complete ,Iranger 40
"ranghl cry 47
,mhborn streak 45
37
,,,eet
clo,e off a _ S2
crow<i . d _ 32
hit the high - 24
,,,ength
build up your _ 37
of - 21
Strenuou, effort
<lre'<,
increase yom _ Iev.!s 59
reduce your - kvd 37
budget d<)C<n't <tre,ch to
strictly sp"aking 10
mih
- a balance 55
gn on _ 13
pre-empli". _ 39
stage - 13
surgical _ 39
,Iisast.r slrike, 49
be"r a striking rCSt:mblancc to 45
strikingly different.H
'Iroh
- of genin' 54
- of luck 3, 54,
_ of work 54
'Irong
- 20
_ point 4S
'trongly
- 8
_ 29
,ullggl.
con'tant - 49
uphill _ 56
,tubborn sn,,,ak 45
,ruck in traffic 25
Ilmlenl
_ 17
.traight A _ 17
unJertake a mldy 18
,nmmng 24
>!unningl)' attractL"" 3
grand slyle 24
,ubj<'Cl adjective
_ to pnlice 6
","","
W' Il:; up th. _ 20
, he - 20
chJ"'Se rhe _ 20
co ... _ 17
dTop ,he _ 20
road a _ univers ity 17
, ,,bnJi t
- 6
- rcport i s
,.,b""i l'oe to ,he d>e<:>IY 14
]5
.ubsunllal
- an'OUOI (0050
_ decrc;lIC l 'i
- increase 15
- nmT10CI (00 50
_ quontity (of) SO
- reward 21
, ,, btle
- dill..'1CtIcc 55
- dis, wtti"n 55
leafy 32
succus
buil d on Ihe - H
L'1O IOY gleat - 42
havc _ H
make a _ nf 9, 42
mcet with - 34
suc=' /ui
cxl<emd), _ 60
spa:tftcularly _ 29
$.hih 5 1
... tfcI
- c:uulbics 39
_ Ot ,Ioc !oand. of S9

aCTonl_2H
comc ,'p wit h a_ I
I.utui,'c _ 28
make some 9
.ummnn lip Ih. enn g)' 27
,un·damajtcd hai' 24
spcll. 26
.upplement you. income 33
endless so
HQ ....
drwn up _ 28
provide mnral - 40
""\)\)(,,t verb
_ a fo,n,ly 41
- th. h)'llOt h..,,>j, 18
of ..menalin 60
. uriic:ll <tr ike 39
surp"'"
_ party 19
sp, ing a - on 19
mildlf' .urpri=! 8
, ucu)'
con)' o ul a _ 16
do. - 16
fi!,:hl for , u'-'1;",,[ 49
I''' pense
_ huilds up 29
bear ,he - 29
' '''arm
_ oi bees 54
_ of locum; 54
Wxou( 13
.",t<: pi"g change
'wipe a card 36
switch chalOnel . 36
Iy!![m. crash 36
'Jekk
_ t ho:: ;'iSUC lB
_ a p. oblc.-.... 49
•• ,, (1).; tails bad: 25
lake
_ $<\mcdti "ll b.dly 49
_ .. boat S
_ " complaint 16
_ Y"'" custom ci lewhere 16
_ delight in 6()
_ your driving test 25
_ il u sy io< a wbile 3
_ the oa,y way 0 .. ,
_ <;:XCqJIiOll to 59
_ fi d d 27
- ;1 fi rm .... ncc 22
_ Ih. ilak 43
_ for I\TOmed 41
_ indust.ial acti "n 13
_ i" ne with 22
_ M ""cHIos. 37
_ , oonconc\ point 58
_ priOffty ()VCT 12
_ SOmeoM .. riousJy 20
_ a 59
_ . he , i"", to 48
_ tho" ... - thot 14
_ -,,-,""' thing tho wr"" S (()
T" h "" Tc 'ponsibilirl' 13
ta ke up
_ a 27
_ o(/i.c. 11
_a ]><>SI U
- . rlert:1lcc< 13
_ 8 lot of rooon 46
_ a 1m oj 46
o,der 3 19
tak"" .... 51
talene
_ 17
, ..... J -
mlk
_ business 10
- non.= 10
-. lot Oi5enlf 10
talks
- colbpse 52
Cntcr inlO - 21
Cllt " ,"ougb , ed "' PC 30

- madO( 15

{O,k
bttak a _ down
daunting - 13
perfoTm it _
menial tasks 13
a tJsce lor 27
,a,,} 24
Ie.,.. a In 14
introduce gnen
h3;1 a 3Z
team
_ elfon $(,
- of I
h"-1d a_7
wort; .. .. _ 13
WeaT and lca' 36
b u l"S' m il> ' ea" 11
perfect a t .... hll,quc 48
.. tcchn()lll1:), 36
pri me-lime Tcl c. ili"n 21
tdl
_ .omool1.'11 fortul1e 10
- • ...e.er 10
k ... - 42
tcmpcraru, 31
n'l1lpcmwrcs Ih lC'lU3te 5 1
. empulIl\ offer 12
rcnL1..,,,, SutStsTion UI
m ;n a ,"nil 9
tenmno!t
- a ",,,,,Wct 52
- 3 pr0!ln. n<:y 52
term.
on b., d _ 40
oT> _ 40
abjecl terror "
t"" "0<'"
I)f S'lffllglh 2 1
, he of Inn" 40
u ke you, _ 2S
ut, h
- ,ber.ry I
Sl't texl J7
idenlity l hd! 33
'pale of ,hdt, )
llwory
fo. muIA", _ 18
subsGrihe '0 the - 14

th"t<:'s AU plaa: iiI<", home 1
Ih,nk
- hlRhlr vf
_ lal"rally 14
hoo",l1y _ 14
'hinly disgu' $(:d 45
thim
_ fO( .d."nlU' " 26
- (0( ""owledge 17
Ibo, oul\hly
" h:! med 8
- cojvy 8
_ ,ec .. "nmend 29
tboul'lll
- 57
bear the - of 57
.:.on', {lICe the _ of 57
sf,..., ""l'" _ 14
yo". ,hOll,hl< 10 5

- hangs I)\'e. , 9
idk - 3
1"= - 4)1
induilry 34
IhlllW
- " sickic IJ
- i party
IhH)Wiway comm"nl 21
,h''''1 of 18
dull ihud 47
cLo p of tbUOl der 47
tie the knot 2,1
lil:h.,(" rontroh 30

find _ 19
frce .Ip - 11
have whale of - 27
o,'e. Ihe C'H" 'c of - 46
! peIIO Quality _ 1'J
naod 100 of - 40
!:Jke Ihe _ f() 48
:He live lin"" gte:iIU
.han impons 15
aC'l OIl a IIp-uff II
PIQpo"" a l"""l 2J
k« r WmWnc ()n IOU 7
put l""".her a CV 12
ton", 7
' op 'lL1a lity 16
seJeCI • IOpic 18
n:sime torrl., 11

aWtso)nl C 6
do::po:nde-nl II
• cl iffe",nf 8
• (1111 of order 43
• g
t own 2
t" l.I(:h
_ of 54
_ of humour J4
_ of irony 54
_ (;Ii .54
,,",gh
- d .. ,lknge S
_ queo;t'o<l 20
_.1
to), with idea 28
I"ace ,,{ an accent 47
off the beate" n-, ck 16
tradit ion
_ dsus bad: to 13
- 13
_ 23
b"".k wilh - 23
keep up the - 2J
10OS..st:tndi "(l; 23
pmud - 23
rich _ 23
uphdd a _ 23
dres, l.1
rr"ffit
_ hmld, up H
• din. down 2.'i
_ castS off 25
_ rail. hack 25
denS<' - 2.'i
_ 25
heavy - 25
(mcoming - 25
slUck in - 25
penM1alily
a Iransfo. m.II;n,I .51
' inlUltanrous
.5
public II
" 3ve"
news _ fa:st H
oobnd - 41
a=sponJ """ll l() (reau" ent 37
"''''-piantl''g Kh .. .."c n
go 26
I,end
.how " downwud • J 1
. how au upward _ 51
,," a- 24
Inal
a _ 3H
faa: - 38
pttl. on 38
- 38
",be
- of 54
- of rnon hy! 54
tribute
glowing _ 42

playa dony " "'k 43

deplor - 39
,v;IMrnw _ ,19
{(ouble
- breaks oUI1I
not ca"se $<)lT1Conc - 57
not go 10 nny _ 57
no! pUI someone to any _ 57
'ull inlo _ 7
play 11
truce 39
dreat .. 00' 11<:$ II "" 60
trumJrd·,,1' JR
lru" no .....
abuse - 4{l
bet",y ,omeone's· 43, 58
win wrneOn" 's - 40
nu, 1 verb
_ ..., 'neo .... impl ic,tly 44
nO! _ a D inch 4l
trull.
ploin _ 3
"mplc _ 3
"" wortb • Ity 56
Imn your 1hm1ShlS to 5
tllm in profit 9
life i , 'LlrneJ uP'lide-dQwn 51
high lllfl' OvCr of B
1V
Ibl-"" .. n _ 36
higb-ddinilion _ lii
occasi"",,] 4 1
urulCl.Cpmbk .. , 45
\'cnli<l 38
,,,. b<>unded en. h .. sWm 50
.emain ' ...... 51
le;!ve 34
,,"c(l n,kJ."table 24
Y(I,k<;bt w canm't';.' 34
drinking 35
Ihe v.lue of 5
unucrj;o
-. r .... j,':zl 51
_ a Iran,f"wnolinn 51
glimmer or 54
.. "dc" akc $I ndy 18
prq-uauons a, e ,," derwa}' 28
un.:hvid..d " lmri",, "1
ma 39
ris,ng Ij,'cmploymmr 34
",ilderne" 26
ror human hohit.tion 35
un' nlcrtupl rd "':ollo", ic
g'owth 34
un;que selli"S point 15
Ihow of unity 21
"m,.eu lly
gradwne f", m - 17
ICJd , , llbj= at _ 17
lI nk,l nwn qUAntity 50
highly LII! li kel y 8
Yn mi (igJICd 29
overtime 13
unp, ovnked altuk 39

- ..,idcnce38
• 38
quell unrest 52
.. n<ivoll t, 1 ",rviet 14
.", so.:':l1 hours 13
umi mcly 37
uIl v'; l a pl an 2S
'<)Iul a, upJ.te 12
"phill 56
"ph,,111 a !radilion 23
life IA t"fflCd uP'ide-<fown 51
sho\\" an ufl""' ''[ tle",l 51
urban
- li¥i'lg 32
_ .12
l1 se S."TN.W 36
nut " Iter a wllrd 47
IItle, ly
- Bhsurd 8
- 1idi.:lllou£ 8
yne'nt p3rkif\R 4ii
yain hnpo; 3
effort 56
driving 2S
SOure.. 5
,.,,111\<
- for mOO"J'- 16,.14
aucu _ S
" o. <lty _ 5
pl ace great _ ml $
5
_ 5, 41
under .. Ille _ of 5
highl y \'3lncd 44
\\' iJe variatl<nl 55
.... ide \'3. i ... y 50
e:q>a"'"
"d>ick cmi .. ions 11
)1;we tu yun. f' "!11ralion 59
perfect ven"e 19

' (>ntCSt • - 38
overturn a _ 3 S
"nanjm"". - 38
vl;l hk: OptiOD 48
fashirm yictim 24
.,<;t"<:f
con .... ei"" - 27
proclaim a _ 21
ta ke tn. " iew that 14
ViSM"'" defence IS
picturuquc v,ll age 1
, jolenee
_ e",pts 39
• """alat<-'S 39
i""ite _ ,15
lI'indkss - 43
V,,"
flying _ 19
pay somtrlu e _ 19
whirlwind _ 19
"i ra l
_ clll e 21
.bwlmdy _ 31
votiftro .. s opponent 22
Yulee
_ faln::rn 47
booming - 47
di<.<cnti"" - 22
s:n,ff _ 47
hUlky - 47
10 •• ),ou, - 47
muffkd· 47
rai .. your _ 47
."llImc uf "'o,k 12
hvi, .,. 13
walk <1 , 3.l&bl mto 3 job 7
""th,n walking d"'t:lnce 32
attention wanJen ] 7
wmm snn[e 45
heed a wJrniol\ 56

- of 46
di'1"'.<.11 of hO\1$Cbo\d - 31
dump _ 31
- 3 1
roxic _31
w<Ltch noun
introoll" a -
<cherne 35
watch voh
- wh..u yo .. u o H
ool>Celltralion WJvero 17
"'or
in <traighlrorwa.J - 48
take the easy . out
t.ke sotT<e(hiug the wrong _ 4()
chaOljl,e yoot _ 31
OIplorc difftmn. 48
"'" Ihe errut of )'011. - .j I
stockpile J9
w c;«
• ancl 36
_ oJren 23
wcothc[
• patterns 31
adv .... _ .. 9
face KYUe _ eort di lions 26
i .. clement _ 2
Mis. 23
fairytilc 42

- ","tters 7
_ 7
- lome 7
welcolne
- rdi d 57
make somcOl1 e · III
="
• good 6
- 44
resp"" d _ to .. 37
a wcU-dco.c.n l'<l l'el, u.,.tlon 29
h .. 'e a ",h. 1e uf a lime 27
wnale.'
pod of _ $4
.ebool uf - S4
wllal
- 's in fa.vltO<> 24
- YOII eal .17
"" the ... in rnorioll 5.1
tab: it fOf a "" I,ile J
c"""""""" .. u.. """""'.d 181
p;a n,Je< to wmeone's
('VelY ",him 4 1
I<><: ial whil I 19
whir[,.;nd visit 19
$Oft whi,p"[ 47
wh"le gamut of ,;m()(i(lfll 54
wholeheom:d[ y rcrom.n<;nJ 44
wide
- ,ooie, SO
_ range 1, 50
_ S5
- ''''My SO
wid..4y 55
wi.k.prcad
- bclid 14
_ Arroding 31. 49
_ looting 49
So wild 17
ulIc"plorcd
w; ldl)'
_ exagguatcd
- maccnrat .. 8
/Joel""'" _ j 1
woo
- an argument 20
- the bo.ttk 5
- a schol,mhip 17
- som.o ... " truSt 40
" ff.,hore WInd farnl 3 1
winc d,n,
wini ng and dining
declare somo:one the winn," 10
wi,d.", hot.,J'Ol 36
wi«lom
;"'part - 10
Wrt .. l\ of - t
r ... rotl><.'(lno\ 4J
,harp wi , 45
withdr"w troops 3.9
wnh ln
- living l1l<' mru')' 46
- dimonce 32
il got.. wilhoUl lJtymg 10
....
- me ;""na
_ p"","u{ e 3
unrchhk wi!". l.I 38
pad of wo[,-", 54
<hang. d W"111"" 51
ab.""lutciy w""Jcd,d 8
word
_ 20
!\aye a - wim 6
not ""1 a - 10
not u«er a _ 47
wru'"
- of wooom 1
slur yO\lr _ 47
work _If
du - 12
na"r P"":' of - 43
",tto _ 4
sound. like hard _ 48
$tmh of - 54
volume of _ 12
work verb
- 10 adv3ntage 60
_ a. a tea", 13
make rcb.iOlO<h;p - 4()
work "" lUIIPpeti U. 11
workins hypotMli. IS
heavy wllr kl o.,d 1.3
world of differeacc 55
worried sick 5.9
sick with worry 59
be, worth a u y S6
wou[dn", say no to 10
"',eak 53
",,,,,,ole ,.:i.h 14
24
wmc off cklot 33
rake so!JlC(bmg the
wrong way 40
wrongfully dilmils 13
)"wning 8'lP S5
acackmic )'Cl" 17
he giVlO " i ye ll"'" card 27
disaffcclN )'\>Ulb 41
.. ' ___ ""' .. OOCI @
, . . - . . . " , ~ . - - ..
.. ~ ~ .... '" .... -.--.,.. .
--,_ ..... -... " .. ..
" "''''" M. __ ... " ". " ..... , .. CI<: ....
"' ... , ""-""'-'"'''' .-
........ "' - , "'-""-._, .... , .... "'"
.",-. . . . . " , , , ~ - ,.,.",-..... ...
..... -.. _ .. ....... -.-.--
".-

English Collocations in
Advanced

Use
How words work together for fluent and natural English Self-study and classroom use

Felicity O'Dell Michael McCarthy

.I![II!I CAMBR l DGE

V

UNTVERSfI'Y I'K£SS

C "~I~ItI OG t

U N I VERSITY PRE . .

Cambridge. New Ylll1:, Melbourne, Madrid. ~pe Thwn , Singapore, sao Paulo, Delh i Cambridge U nivcrsity Press The Ildjn burgh Buikling, Cambridge Cl'!2 8RU, UK
www,~amb~. org

Information on this title: wwwcambfidge. orp,/97S0521707800
C Ql.m.lnidgc University Pr=; 2008

Thit publicalion i< m ""P)'riRht. Subjea 1 JU.Nlory e~oo 0 and to the provisions of rebanl coD~ 11~Ma ~canmB, no reproduCtion Dr any pan """y take p~Ct' withoUi the wriutn pennissiOll of Cambridge University Pres"
Fim published 2008
Prinlw in l tllly by L E.Go. S_pA, La...;, (TN)

1\

CIIr~'Ue

=rd Jhr rhi.< publiouion is ."'lilable Jiam

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ISHN 978·0.52 1·70780-0 Paperback Cambridge University p",,, has no rosponlibili ty for the persi,tence or Kccwacy a f UlU..< for external or thiJ'd.party internet w eb$ ite. ",[erred 10 i.n !hi! publication, Rnd d~ nol guaranlee Ihac any conten t an such w.:bsite. is, Or will remain, aCClJr.l.le ru appropriate.

hike in prices fit for purpose. wildly inaccurate make a contribution. spotlessly clean. fashion victim. reach fever pitch. gauge reaction date back to. make a habit of. heavy burden. take up a post. play host to juicy gossip. see off an intruder Topics: work and study 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Working life New employment Thoughts and ideas Business reports Customer services Student life Writing essays. widespread belief. confront issues. flawless complexion lengthy delays. work up an appetite. mature student. move up the ladder fit the job description. reach agreement. assignments and reports make a living. movable feast. land a new job. critical analysis Topics: leisure and lifestyle 19 Social life 20 Talking 21 News 22 Current affairs 23 24 25 26 27 28 Festivals and celebrations Advertisements and fashion Traffic and driving Travel and adventure Sport Plans and decisions call for a celebration. opening gambit declare independence.org .English Collocations in Use: Advanced Felicity O’Dell and Michael McCarthy Frontmatter More information Contents Acknowledgements Using this book 3 4 Learning about collocations 1 2 3 4 5 6 Introducing collocations Strong. get a message across take up office. hold one’s attention 29 Film and book reviews English Collocations in Use Advanced 1 © Cambridge University Press www. score an own goal toy with an idea. leg of the journey keep in shape. bear left get itchy feet.Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-70780-0 . kick up a fuss. jump to conclusions fierce competition. broach the subject. grind the gears. decline to comment. talk business. thirst for knowledge working hypothesis. tentative suggestion. propose a toast set the trend. grounds for complaint gifted child. social whirl. run into trouble deeply offensive. bow to pressure refuse point-blank. off the beaten track. fixed and weak collocations Grammatical categories of collocation Using your dictionary and other resources Finding and working on collocations in texts Register Varieties of collocations 7 8 9 10 11 Metaphor Intensifying and softening adverbs Make and verbs that mean make Communicating Collocations with phrasal verbs foot the bill. turn in a profit generally speaking. deciding factor star-studded cast.cambridge. glowing reviews. menial tasks bear in mind. stimulate growth.

beyond reasonable doubt. offset carbon emissions back of beyond. abortive attempt. collateral damage 35 Social issues 36 Science and technology 37 Health and medicine 38 Criminal justice 39 War and peace Topics: people 40 41 42 43 44 45 Friendship Youth and age Celebrities and heroes Criticising people References Appearance and personality lifelong friends. close off a street. endless supply. state of euphoria. stroke of genius bear little resemblance to. wireless hotspots build up resistance. dysfunctional family. agreed credit limit. adverse reaction. provoke an outcry. faceless bureaucrats dump waste. would make a change. go through a midlife crisis. draw a comparison between give it one’s best shot. give a straight answer. kiss and tell. simplicity itself. heal the rift child prodigy. worth a try not lose any sleep. searing heat. senior moment go into rehab. flurry of activity. cutting edge design. unknown quantity sweeping changes. stubborn streak. trumped-up charges deploy troops. incessant noise. shake off a cold custodial sentences. go down in history husky voice.English Collocations in Use: Advanced Felicity O’Dell and Michael McCarthy Frontmatter More information Topics: the modern world 30 Regulations and authority 31 32 33 34 The environment Town and country life Personal finance The economy minimise danger. poison the atmosphere. platonic relationship. safeguard one’s interests. miss the point nasty shock.org . heap praise on bone idle. plummeting profits antisocial behaviour. urban regeneration clear one’s debts. hinder progress.cambridge. suffer at the hands of sense of achievement. sudden shift Functions 52 53 54 55 Stopping and starting Cause and effect Describing groups and amounts Comparing and contrasting bring a halt to. act one’s age Basic concepts 46 47 48 49 50 51 Time and space Sound Making things easier Difficulty Quantity and size Change cramped conditions. let out a cry viable options. rural idyll. take the easy way out severe blow. waste of space. accumulate experience. be on the go make a commitment. nasty piece of work act as a referee. dispel rumours root cause. dire consequences swarm of bees. unfit for human habitation harness technology. derive pleasure from 126 162 56 Making an effort 57 Social English 58 Discussing issues 59 Negative situations and feelings 60 Positive situations and feelings Key Index 2 English Collocations in Use Advanced © Cambridge University Press www. to be brutally honest. encounter difficulties finite number. financial acumen boundless energy. polar opposites. identity theft curb inflation.Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-70780-0 . grant permission. pre-emptive strike. take exception to.

UK Mark Tondeor.ach".\Upportcd the proj"~t from b~ginning to end.du. ndan O's.nising th.ken who. Ko(. of frequent collocation eHors made by learMrs taking advanced .ach~n.h abrwe .ir comm."" for the book. We mUSt aJso thank the Corp"' learn at Cambridge I)". proollcti()£l ... Linda Matth~ws.~ived inval~able feedback fmm hoth m. UK Terry Nelson.[I to thank their editor.ty p. roo.aluab'" f""db~ck atld sugge. al<o thank Aiy. Di.d tho material throughout it. W.ydop~nt.".. wi.mm. Garan Holcomhe.Jcnt.o must go to Liz Wahr for h~r in ..t< of collocations. final sta~. r~view.. a Tl. while w...·id Mostyn and Sam Tbompsol1 . we. Special th~nks a]. expert'" and unfailing guidanc" and wcouragemcnt "ave .. especially euoli"" Thiriau and Franc.ssional skills in steering the hook through it.o. at Cambridg" University Press. UK Proouc<:d by Kamac Design. and t. mland Paul Pauwd" Relgium l\rtUT Polit. D~. compiling the ]. as alway" W~ thank Our domestic part".. " for lheir the wTiting of this book..at influcnee On tho final manuscript and we ar~ yery gratdul 10 t""m.nts hav~ had a gr. fronl all ovc< tho world who hay. Al.on Ma. . if hdp in providing list!. Oxford Illustr~tion' by Kathy Baxendale. In particular.ch.tion . w.. would like to thank th~ following I.""". Th.Acknowledgements The author.-. Jo Blake. Rokr! Caklw. patienc~ and support during We have also r". de."..'"" OUf th"nb for org..koll for"ll Mf prof.s for th . d .

.anced level an appreciation of collocation can al.. ~hake off a cold and rtspond well to treatmwt but not grllmbling apP"ndix. a modern car or to buy a ticht are all collocations. a corpus of student lang~age which show~d uS what kind of collocation errors l~arn. (not . a hailstocml uarning colloc~tions will also help you to increase your range of English vocabulary. will probably und .ensive u. lih very or "ice or b~a«ljful or get by choosing a word that fits th~ context better and bas a marc precise meaning. book? Firstly. but one which .<imilated the standard patterns of language u. In ad. of COU(se. d level elmm" m~rks ar~ often specifically awardtd for th~ appropriate h~ndling of collocation. journalist' and advertisers.ridge Learner Corpu<. This i. . for instance. but th~y ar~ combinatif>llS which you can easily understand and produce you."iA"" en~mies).tartling Or amusing th~ ir audienc~. W.dect which.. blond goes with hair and heavy wilh rai. that {h"" wa. At an ad. ciating other writers' use of language. So how could we .Using this book What is a collocationt Collocation means a natural combination of words. bm your language will sound unnarura[ and might perhaps confuse. A pretty girl. of appr.l. in more original ways yourself. with the aim of eith~r ."'~ hope . 3nd want to make a good impre'sion on th~ examin. we decided it would Ix mOSt useful for you if we focllsed on those collocations which are not imm~diately obvious. many thousands of colloc~tions in English.sclf without any problems. Skilled users of the language may choose ro creat~ dfects by varying the normal pattews of collocation. you'll find it " a'~r to avoid word. it rders to the way Engli~h words are closdy associated with each other. Secondly. we wanted to choose ones that you might want to US~ in your own writt~n and spohn English. to do thi. identifi~d as significant by d~ CAN CODE corpus of spoken English. as do wmmit and crim£.mi~. on~' would be mOSt useful for you to work On in thi.·anc. obviolls word combinations.o be holpful in term. From an appreciation of the w3y in which creative writers play with language.stand what you mean if you t~lk about making" crime or say Ih~e was r~ry hard rain this morning.how that ther. effectively if you have 3'<.~ of the Caml. in the unit Health and medicint we indllde. with les .most of you will nOt fed the need for. you may then even want ro mOve On to US~ word.rs t~nd to make. flatly contradict (not sff911gly contradict) and bitter en. for example. and rhe Cambridge blTernatiolUl[ Corpus of writt~n and spok~n Engli'h. Th~se corpora . How were the collocations in this book selectedt The collocations pres~nted in this book were all select~d from thas. ar._ Why learn collocationst You need to l~arn collocations because they will help you 10 'p"ak and write English in "more natural and accurate way. This technique is particularly popular with poets. also made . So. pay and attention go together. You are mor~ likely to b~ ahl.~ presenred in this book. Poopl . r.. For example. For example. So we d~al h~r. particularly usdul if you are t:obng a written exam in Engli.". which is a 'trong collocation. developed at the Univmity of Nottingham in association with Camhridgt University Press. Did you mean that there wu a lot of r~in or perhap.

and indicates the units where they can he found. where appropriate. and so do nO( focus on them here. Above all.1 8) if you want to impress people with your natural and accur~te use of language and to gain more mark. we have tried to avoid focusing on collocations that we dealt with in that book. The rest of the book deals with collocation. If you have access to the Internet. (Unit 1) in English exams. this gives exactly the kind of information that you need to have about collocations. We felt that it would he useful to draw attention to such collocations again. may al. We deal with them separately in Engli<h Idiomr in Use. The unit. How is the book organised! The book has 60 two-page unit. In general. After that.e and we occasionally suggest possible activities using the web.tud)" of collocation is highly recommended (Un.es and an index which li. How should I use this bookl It is strongly recommended that you work througb the . Your teacbtr. with collocations that the Cambridge Learner Corp"s highlighted as causing frequent problem' for students.o that you will rhoroughly enjoy (Unit 8) working through the units in English ColloCiltionr in Ure Advanced. you will also find this a usef~l source of information about language u.t presented.em. At rhis level we 'trongly recommend the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary a. as well as any others that you come a"O'l> elsewhere. The One exception i.t 57) both that this hook will help you acquire the knowledge (Unit 17) you need about English collocations and al. The hook has a key to all the exerci. about their meaning and their usage. any special nOle. you may work on the units in any order that suits you.en thete is a section focusing On different types of collocation. TI. The left-hand page pre. so that you btcome familiar with the nature of collocations and with how best to study them. You will usually find examples of collocations in typical conte>:ts with. First we stan with important information relating to learning about collocations in general. or mini·panels. .ix introductory units first. that relate to particular topi"" such as Student life and Film and hook reviewr. The right-hand page checks that you have understood the information on the left-hand page by giving you a series of exercises that practise the material ju.ts all the collocations we deal with.d into different sections. even in advanced level exam •. however. You also need to have access to a good diction~ry.o bt able to recommend other dictionaries that you wilJ find uscf~l. the collocations that are focu". we 'incerely hope (Un. What else do I need in order to work with this bookl You need a notehook or file in which you can write down {he collocations that you study in this book. Idioms can bt seen as one type of collocation. It docs this both through the examples provided for each word entry and through special collocations boxe. So. are organi".. even if we had dealt with them previously. concepts such as So"nd or Difficulty and functions such as Ca"se and ef{ut or Comparing and contrasting.d on in the unit.So~ of you mal' have already used our Eng/ish Collocations in Use Interm~diate. a .

n geltins frWlds Of heavy raill ..ln in Unit J. • sou nd mort ". ~ combinar.lf(ll write.oe" '"":rest.otnbinatio n with som. Collocation."Ut~~ipU' link uil/. hn'h ""'~ ~ n: perfectly oorrttt.lhins ~1 !IC.'d '"y..)n of two or mOre word.g. they woui<J probably ~ undersro rxl. . . .d..h...du. fumbmemally dillel'oent).. a lick of painr."it.. by <pedaadar mo..he ""o. noun 'e.. $l(xk ''''trk ~tl ate .. I1.. "". arol><t ..g.lL:td y CQnu-.om.ql/l~d collocation.uag~ "ften ~N:at...... of CO l""'. ~kC5. ad''l'rtiser or mner invenr. By saying.l iIllCS de'ICribed ~s~.m + noun (q.. for exa mple ~m. with.-~td y rn other worck..1 type:< ill COU ti o..yday .o ll ocation ".. economy drive.mporunce. a semin3r).g.r and colJncation in Uni' 6.. •• tIO. in everyday Engliih ..Js..'uta! wh on you 'p"ak and wrot.ilUa[ions we would. you'll make (NOT 00) fewtr m.. It can be diffu: ult For It>1r ~n of Engl ..ic21 ... e.om~.l"" lia" ca pital mi~nl hc entitled No plaa like Rome.a l veri:>< lo..dudo them h...c nOt a l w~rllnp..h regislet t" u"'.I".'V<:n thou".lin8 everyda~ word" like wry. u51l.~"~.11}· referred to by lingui llS ~ I knowing whi.ln or h. Us. ~m of e. i~ m uch .n! gMl mmuicJ. The« . w". in this book .g...nj. o:><2m p\e. 'Sh e's 8'>1 yellow hair'. had" 11('1 ''''PI'> hoIitM)· Uf a Iliu littk "i/lage < 1UTOII-.b +. of collna!!o" A journali!" po<.ct by not choosillg Ihe e. w hi<:h fr~qu"ntl y occu r l "g('1h~r. 10 kllow whi~b WOlds rolJoe:nc. .~ fu: ro ll ocatio1'$ ue awropriut. lo t w riring w haJ" blissfully IMm holiday in II p.'IOJl wh)· we say makiug fr~ . Tn c. writin g [nsl""d of repe.I A Introducing collocations Whilt are collocations! A cO]]O<-'ati on i . ar.non: about diffe".. 1(11 and roml"'und noun! (e.u!oJ by hNutiful""". no obvi""... Yellow collocat~. go on an ~cpnomy drive.lf ""mean " says.. " rekr.. e coD.. come up lilith. J·O li.11lcr~ .11110<0 alxmt regi s[.rter o f how a d)IX. 'She's gM bkmJ ha iT'. gucssa ble. Ie.ider Ihom as individ.g..l loxical ilonu and K> .. Alight from a bus j.0(""""'8 . rather than of big or higb ""porl"n"" you won't just he underno od. a travel article aoout lh . nul up a bill.ef of la!\!'.cl.". 'pc""h and... b ut it i~ not what doc!n 't mll<><:31e wirh hal.. n.g. a.... This i.m'l' to th o popu lar c~pr~'l'. y~lIc>w SIly. of co llocations... up with ~ !ul!:gellio u. you know mo. For ex ampl~. v.f• • '0 any kind of typical word mmbinatioll.a tioo w ill hdp yOu to: • USf' .. a forlllal . g<>Cd or nia. adhere 10 your prindpb..ler "f E ngli.uhd ..ice~ ~nd other official ~o nte~r... f . you will be able t n ~~ploil a wi<lor 1'3"80 of I~ ~ pab'" You would A3 in mOT.ntain..dicl).quilt right ly . • und""tand when s ~ k.. who" . of gr~al .1. However. . a re nol ill!1 ~ would otdin""ily be said in English. aim ~d to kn" .. you will . OCI Nlla.:t.. ~dvcrb + adjective (e... • vary you.rfh~.:elikt h""". pb y I"" stock m~rke t . run up. ion TMr~~ no pla... rt<l. W.od in n ".tge SOIrT'OU."aUos than for W.. They un ". i"'lll c(lrn bine with noun$. alwa ys to ile Abo ut Rotting off a hu! . com. LeamN.rt (1 nl ~ i" . d< r:ttb. word< of Ml oo. j()<' inU2n~. u nJ tural collnco tioll' ~..so nnd lih a fiuem u. fll)Wc" or P"jnt. Why is it important to learn colkKadons1 An a ppreci:lt1on of colloc.verb (e.' an df. Jrulrh in an oxa nt. departl from ""'ma l pattern. prolxl bly mot~ importa ntly. . for example.

who u. taUl .isdom your principl es ~n economy drive a semmar som.3 Look at these sentmee. in helping him to do fewer mistake. over th.m candidatc. ( ) SITS has tho right to bring the agreement to an end with thn:>c months· noticc. Ofl.atht~ king) 2 Visiwr5 will enjoy the good atmo. both . of verbs like do. ( ) SFIS reserves the right'" terminate the ag. In each pair of sentence" there i. muS! not alight from th. from B. 1. where you'll have the op portunity to rake some beautiful photngraphs nnd s"mpk th~ beautiful loca l cuisine.k her to marry hi m t ooight. to bwutiful surrounding villag. ( ) r.cluded I br."mcthing to cat befort we STalt work. nguage when ). by replacing thc words in italic. with the word in bracke.. it is in motion. w family hotd i~ set in a "ice location and all the room. erving good food to both Jesidents and non-resident •.e collocation. J Ex. r Match the IWO p~rts of these ~ollocatiom.aid that hc wanted to learn about coHoea!io". Improve the . 1. ""rounding countryside. well ~ boiler marh. ". moving. 2 Try tn us. a ll!. )'ou can kJg.e. ) J Wc organise tom.. hings and n.hil.Exercises r.2 . (.e. " You have to know what normal collcxation patterns an:> befo". S Th.OU wri. heca u.ct th e underlined colloc~tion errOTS ". them. often make ia. rline the oollocatic:>ns that are noticeably formal or informal. fl. one's int. . each word only once. (d ericion. IU. He also .5 Correct the four collocation error. Und.tyl. bu." that forms the best "..u. adhere TO 2 arou. a b 2 a b 3 a b " a b Passenger. " ho~yy differ. rest contradicT hair the stock market of paim a sUAA..a view. Th< yollow-haired boy said h.ith word. I ) Let 's gr~b a bit~ before we get down to work. have Ilia furni. wri " r used co]l<Xjuinllangu age to fuun an dfect. t off the bus wbile it i.e blrmd 4 "'me up with 5 flatly 6 fundamentolly 7 go on lead W a lick 11 play 12 word. tylish I . ( ) Passengers must fint g.Be careful. (mout h-wntering ! picturesqu . not in the example" 1 Exam candida. make. bracketS at the end of each semenee. go and get. had joined th e English doss to got some new friends.lIocation.. it would bo of big ' mportanc.! relaxing! spaciou. stion tnnight..) 1 Our n.. ( ) Let'. planning to pop the qu.' notice.!tt in their us. paragraph."cmmt with thr<~ month. hay. wh.nm range of I.4 Write F (formal). from a hotel brochure. in thi . SllOn Cor". ! stunning) r. you will find the words in the text. I (informal) or N (neutral) in th. n writing in English. ( ) She thinks her boyfriend i.em ence.phere in either of Our guod dining ruoms. nt of ". ( ) She thinks her boyfriend is planning tn a. utral sentence and one formal or informal. . .

of different nouns.ImOst .. For exampl. direction and then in the oppo. o f strong collocations. w<Qlh<r. an advance<lleamer. the ~djectjve mitig~ling almost always collocat". continuum.. No other word. Ii~ed.. tiut broad collocate. fixed and weak collocations Strong (ollocations A 'trong collocation is Olle in which th. for . ch~nged in an)' w~y.. tbe (form~l) ~djectiv. The meaning of somc fixed colloc~tion' cannOt be gues. ..ather ""U oxpoctod. xdu . [factors or circumsunccs that lessen the blame] Here ~re some other example.~k cO/loc~tions a".. with word. Although . somewhere between the two. . However..d with rbi.ith them]. hroad call ~lso h<' used with a nllmh<'r of ath..nt "".xampl.!.. Ih~ jury felt thaf were mitigating circum. For enmpl.ed from the individual word . We have also .h~ was roulld guilty. up of words that collocatc with a wide range of other word" For cxample. wim hoir (' -1. Not u. a broad accent fa strong accent]. and are focused on in the book English Idioms in Us~.2 Strong.y cannot b. ' ''''''''''' Md.. conn ~ cted I~ont cal oc".elected the collocations which will be useful to yoo a...tanas. For example..:>:h). S Eng"" CoIoctJ6om in Us< Mronc..l shoulders. c~n r. ott.. ~ broad smile.ite direction.. We used ~ corp~s (~ d~tabasc of hngu~gc) 10 check this.ted with meeti<1f.. «. It is complet.". at the other. Adioom j. mad. more difficult to predict. d . I felt d~liri<>".. comment unp~. adjourned tne meeting.. Strong collocations ~nd wcak collocations form a continuum.olle [generally in agreement ". broa<.dicted by ~ny student wl>o knows broad and aVfnue. a repeated numkr of time. in a broad accent i.urI>. oIy w.11 happy.a broad av. picturt<quf colloc~tes with village. SI" fw auburn halr. "r rost dur"'&' ""''''ingltci<Il ""'Y strontfy . a broad hint fa strong hint] and ' 0 on.. with a broad rang. These are weak colJocation" in the . = h. the use of broad to mean strong a. chai'1"'r. A broad avenu~. Most collocatious Ii. coIIocalioo lnde""". with stronger ones at one end and weaker one.. n. pall'.qu. We pay most anention to those that are not predictable. C Weak collocations W.. or faCIor.... Fixed collocations Fixed collocations are collocations s. - _ ox. The. location and town.<><I rrlo/. TO. . and ' 0 ap pears near the middle of til.. nlle.. Atlbuin only colloc.ory formal) _ _the.m<>iy h"PP1 Stroogly osro<iatod with - hoptr. yon c~n s~y I was walking to and fro (meanmg I w~s walking in on.nd~m~nt 'tranger ~ -------------c:-----------+ weaker weath«r picturesque village broad bint picture5qu~ location hroad accent broad smile Types of collocations in this book The collocations ill tills bool: are all f.. words ~'" very closely associated with each other...o strong that th. would be pr.t -"-- (. ntly used in mo<krn English.""r.. pl~ce to or fro or and in this co/location.liorm. ...u. . ).ooi.cly collocates with an)' ol~r word. you Can . " . with circllmSl3nce.ay you are in broad agreement with ..on1. How.r words . e collocations are called ". l). it r~.

.......h accent..............2 and 2................. . <mile ... ....... 4 dei i" er..... 8 She ha..... ..... 4 Their new home was in a very pretty location............ town 11 ...... S Ikcau<e there w ere circumstances that made the theft k« <eriou...... ..1 Compkte the collocations using the words in the box. .... ........... to what should l~ done.........4 How us eful do you think the oollocations you have worked on in 2...... 1 extremely 2 ..............top the meeting now and continue it tomorrow........1. ....... .. hair 5 6 .. ........ """cnt 2 m ...................... .. ... .... factors . ............ ...... ..... . .....3 II Think of as mnny collocntionl as you can for each word.Exercises 2... Then look in a dictionary for other .. ....lly in agreement a.. ... ...uitable words... 6 I think we should .......... a living 2..... a trial 12 ......3 are for you p"fSonally? Choose which collocations are most important 10 you personally and make ............. ......................2 Rewrite each senlen".....r face when <he arrived. bro. happy 7 a ... w eather ...... 3 We were all very happy when we hea rd wc"d won the award.. 2 Bad w eather led to the cancellation of the Prelident'............ ..... uling a 00l1OC3tion from 2.. Choos • • n "'''''~ you have wo rked or fixedl .. Write W (weak) or S (strong) next 10 each group depending on how many words yon found.. 2..... gar<kn party.. location S" .. 1 M elissa has quite a strong Sconi................ more than once.. ................. lovely reddish·brown haiL 9 Tthink we're ge"""... an cffon 3 cancel........ .entences with them..... 2. a meeting 10 a .......... the judge let bim off with a wHning.............. 7 She had a hig smile on ru......... .. agre<'ment circumstances 3 4 ......... You will need to m e some word... ...d ind" ment mitigating 1 a ..

ion] Th e ministe' had I" put up will. bul let.g..nt ."ing Hong IConZ." w..nce . .. . uuex!'"C1ed piece of luck] Sfl<: !la"c me a snippet of information which is (OP . from the angry audience. because h e drives recklessly.r. Ihe 'inger ca~ on >!age . tho imp"" po lice officor'.~ to ".. Verb + adverb 01" prepositional phl"2lse The teenager tried to persuade hi' mother that l>c was innocent bnt he failed miserably. [wildly.y for a while.. I didn't ""nt '0 paso up the chance of ...d.owy< r drew up a contract for us to sign.<an".. lim. ducation. >0 I ""..] The simplc!plain truth is that no one wa s aware of the probkm. pre"". .secret.1 <tandar<ls . T will c~l1 the police if this hapr. . It's lin~ you pm th e paS! hehind you and sl"rtcd focusmg on lhe future. '0 I ' Z"".in th e mbbish bin! [sudden. a balTIlgc of que.~ 00"' '" 1. is lIot an idle threat.".. More complex collocations Mary was looking forward to retiring and taking i( ca. P'''P''''' .tand th" impact of . sliccos.. vut can with. withr>ul ""re] A.jsion.. [small piece of in fonn..".. you should take il to the vel in:unedialdy.-k in China.no again! [simply a threat] He w~itcd in (h e vain hope that the Minister would meet him.dard.nd . in wMti"l: to take . nt>ge of • con""".. tlif' T~ fa~ f'l 55 up I withst>. If yrmr dog starl..< •• arl •• g ip exampie M opportunity """. oon a. ~nt Noun + noun • :-Jolin + noun collocations used to doscribe groups Q( sets: 11..ce an oppoct llllity • list ! Our I.tioni Adjective + noun Thi.(roke of lock T found Ill)" kc)" • . . f.Grammatical categories of collocation Verb + noun .Iipped w hen tl>< l ov ..d to to on thf.e fo. o.he burst into song. ister was a stunningly attra. Pooplo leol .-I."''''''pie meoninf or yerh " >wIly offie. I don't like to travel wi lh my bWlhe.. Noun + verb "00" opportunity .. happening at ~ .. E Adverb + adjective The article provides an intensely p ersonal account of the wri ter's relationship with his ..orb ..0ro'.:tive woman. bccn a 'Pate of attacks/th efn in our ar"a recently. [unlikely to he fulfilled hopeI There is mounting concern/critici. r><! <p<>I1t • l""" """0. ons. [unusually large numher bappening in do.tions/insult..m/fury o ver the de. runusually large numo.m"h. [gcowing concern etc. .] • NOlin + noun collocations used with uncr>uMable nOunS: By a . Joe'. • ffia r. In foam at the mouth..

appcu on the opposite page. ... from .t .. no! The... a gentle breeze or a strong wind? 4 Would you write your mo.. from . Oh.ary.2 Complete .... 4 This n ew buliet-pInof car call ta...] .. 8 An alarming new.. 7 1 had luck last weeL Th e poke found my stolen wallet and notbing was missing.... = 3... 3......meone who i..ter faced a large number of questinn....... f fwming I fainting.1 in the ~ppropriate form...lled the vet.... as it's a new position... lbcrc is rai5ing I mounting I vain concern aero......... S [t was so cold T couldn't . 7 You mu.f. ..Iip flow" . page. 1 W~o Jo you think is t~ mo. 1 tried to perSuade her hut I'm ...~d tM victim"..ia...'s a fi . The ....... You should try to relax fur a short period n( tjme... A di •• •• ~ . d.urvey shows that p. human beings first emerged in Afrie". " .sly? 3 Do you prefer walking in the country if rhere i.... bu... ha ~e ... believe . ever 1 2 3 "> The scientific. ...4 Answer Ihese questions... so us •• dictionary to help you if n oces...... to A. 3 You're working too hard. from rhose building'.s the world ahout climate . ... but it wa s just a(111 vain I idl~ I lazy threat.t intensely personal thoughtS and f. determined to for~el the 1'..er ..top my ..oll""ati<:m.. waS . 'I he government is encnuntcrmg mO""ting I climbing I ri5ing criticism of its policies. S lberes rn--cn " nllm ber of viol eot attacks in the area receotly... porters...... Marjorie bU5ted I bU5tled Ilmrs! imo song. ........5 Choose the correct collocation.. 5 6 7 S .. without w"ming.p... .. among '''nle in the south of the Rewrite the \mdcrJincd part of each sentence using a collocation &om the oppo.... 1 2 3 4 He said he would throw us out... . 1be right !5traight I plain truth is that I hale my job..ding. Not all tho ....l accompany Bob On Onc of hi....1fem. trip. S Do )'OU have any interesting little bil& of information about our new boss 10 tell "'? 6 lbc Mini... in tile idle I <impl~ I vain hope of so ving her life..' in your di ary' 3. 9 After h er divorce Mandy wa......kl:: t be impact of a rodct"propcllcd grenade. 2 We'll have to write a contnon before you start work..... 6 Our .mnningly altractive person you have .. 1 3 4 .. coumry. a lnt of ..t the mouth. at th e &<:hool. 1 I don't want to say no to [he cha""e nf meeting such a hmo"s person.. to be made of materi"ls that can...... 1bey ru.1 • Match a word &om each box to form collo. opportlJllity omoke wind withrurKI chatter .. .. hospi tal... hould YOIl do if you are in a car witb "........ .ite. driving reckk.... .....id I !ailed despl<1"atdy I miserably I whol'hearted/y..ines.. The horse was fumin.en? 1 'i'l:'hat ........ if the ...ha"ge..t>ndtrd.. new li fe .. 8 c~ch 5 6 3...ntence using a cnllocation &om 3. .. ..... so I couldn't sleep. all night and it was raining.. Look at the . .. Suddenly..lSt and build.. so we e.. lbc m"ehine ha.Exercises 3.ations....

d in the example <. elf.. " only instances w heTe th . lb e . for which there is nOt enough ' pace in a hoo k. a. a dictionary i.arch of the Rriti.. . of instances of it. ". rb databasos "f languag".Il. d ..n d you will find the entry above. n". The probl~m with using Ihe web as a corpus i" of coucs. 0 Thi..t frequent collexati(}ns. results o.""o"" of how" c'Orpu! pre. . p ...y to . low for "abj.. Look up the wOld a!J. m em on CD-ROM and onlin • ... an exampk ." ..-----------. ct failuT " and ~ abiect success" .. v.l ij ad ... You may prefer to do a . arMts' Jktion""i~s inclu<k example ..·t p<l\'C n)'. qu"mly.. "" that i. r------..14 seconds) Results 1-10 of abo!Jt 283. . th. gi..n<:"" w hich make a poim of illustrating each word's mo. "lb ese can be particul arly helpful wh.><lieol ell. hj<d on. fright=ecl.play samples of text containing those words.)" Ii". d to use inv.iy unhappy. . Using other resources Th...t . that rhe Ime rne< includes a cermin an}()um o f langu . n usef. . wllocation and ' .. weh for words of your choice and di. eon be descri bed ~. arch engine to find thousand. arc commo nly ny yom loc P<>P"i"'ioo h.. n you a". rt.'"' <I" ~hj<ct r"[ Ute.' if you want to 00 you r own in-depth in.tig.. c""poct f"'" hi. word . SO that th . . H .'. collocate mosl h .1 ~bJ<'1 lerre< '" • " " . not only availahl e on paper. p<>iicy has IUr".. nt. abo ut how you wi. A se~ reh eng.4 A Using your dictionary and other resources Using dictionaries GUO<! mod.. d comma.."" Can be very helpful. It will . (Yo" nc. in abj . .earch for items jn different ways and to jump from one entry to another.ion of .. almost irnpossibk In come up with a word combination that a search cngin."~ wOru.tion of sp ecific collocations.000 (1)1" "i bjecl failure". tanda rd.dg~ Advanced Learn. .earch th.. nabl.~nt.. iI ~. .t abjoct in hi. a combination is a tru. .n~tcQ(p .• abj ectly I'mh .hould prove ""dul re<ouree. (0. ondi'ion. etc.. ..wdx ...ioping yonr knowledgt of collocation. m l. m enees. ror.. .h the weh to he searched and oow you would iih the info rmation to he pr. Both th.ter. Th ~J live in abje< rPOilort:!. 1>0. comp are tn.d}Ck t. th ey make it quick an.}'.ac tlkwhichi.---. Enormous abject r . xpect a .!!k lets you use Ihe web as a corpus. [be pmj<cl . ".u t in [he Cambr. howing no 'HW~ or rcsp<:Ct fur ywr. of. poor.. T li"in~ . re i.. m".D4 seconds) To be sure that a word combination is a normal mllocation you would .. known a. ""-orice how fr"quem colloc~tit>ns MC u".eh . Tt is oft.it <>f toc polk' l!S. dc<pi!< ~l< i . s yon to e"1'lorc collocations in Dlh. "'rpura. You ca n make various choice... Onlin. not accurate or .. rnember th~I dictionaries tod ay ar. Although it i. For example.a out to be Qn abject foiluco NOT P!lOVOO 2 . Imem .ple. '''''0 " . an invaluable tool for d. will be unahle to find exa".. " .I .PilC tbeir effort... when someone b ext".1 to consult a corpus to find out how <he " "" fro m '~"IIio " . t .. search cov. aI www.i re www. "" should p rnduce a more accurate result. number of r.u...>Ie of inform ation.i<""Y of 'hi ' 'iny """ 'TIl. an abj~ r apology 0 He is a/mo.. . ways IOO. " to ~n enormous amo unt of information relating to meaning. R.. Dhtiunary . . In w hatever form.a r.h National Corpu. al corpu."ffe. (0. you ~an also acc.. ~tc.bjKtpovcny.~.<>:1 wcre ". dicIio naries give you easy acc.ite.) Results 1-10 of abo!Jt 104 for "abject success ' . ~ . are used to analyse sp< :cch ami text to identify which word.. collocation or nm... snlts can give yo u a good idea of wheth .J ..mted to you.[1 im'ol.l a<!joc!iw FOR IM' UTR'MEO 1 abj~ct mlserYlPo~rty/l . x. . exploring collocation" a. occur cons ecutively.d""kt.

.ing the collocati". collocations .jng th~ word in brackel •. ('1TGG'.2 Usc your dininoary (book.IS in . 5 rekase (as verbl_ Rewrite th e underlined part of each .Exercises 4. below. a surgical procedure.e."... rt c"t • pl1)' """ • • mil. soon as she gOt home Kay sra w:d working. 1 2 3 4 5 6 niggling tribute !II What field do yOIl work in. Ot>n't forget to nse inverted comma.cribe medication. CD-ROM or online vor. medicine. Ihi.1 !II 4. 4. ill and surgical to find such collocation. Iating to your answer. (ASJHSIOl<S) Th~ puint you're making .. 3 u tter la" adjeotive ) 4 ab.~Ie. Use a dictionary to !II hd p YOl1.. .1 wa . (REl fY". are collocaliom or not? """ a cone. e . m~dicalion. Type in th e word. Enrfi<h Collomtiom in th.t holiday! 'i':'hat did you have to eat ye'terday? Wh~t w a. into a . Note the numbe.hat rdate to ea<:h of your an. . of th ••• word •. (rNDEl"EllMNATI) The marketing campaign was k ller than w e had expected.nk.. e que'tions.e a diclionary 10 find dIre.olutely .. e phra. ~< to p".be SentenCe. IfXCEEDEI}) I'm sHclulv unsure ahout the. cJ Now writC ex. the l~.4 Go to www. suoh ~. Advoocod I3 . u bi""t at sdlool or college? How did you . .ox.t book )'ou readl hi Now u.. in 4. sugge't about whether the.ll'Gj 4.pend your Ia. you could look up key word.s quj!e unrela ted to our topic. honesty. or wa. (KEN O. 11gu..3 Type th ese phra. bution to the pmjcct. of limes the words ap j:>ear inlbe same collocation. For exampl e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 His opponent made cri tical and d. uncertain how many workers will be affected by the ch ange •.peaker p1)l j. 2 application.5 a j Answer the. entence ~. or plan to work in? Wh~t do YOll enjoy doing at the weekend ? What i. }"OU have found. hy looking up kc}· word. ITRIWITJ A..2.weI> to 1-6.R ED ) It j. (sLT I I lis rud eness Illlllk us all fall silent.ma ~in~ rcrna~ hi. ed J~nice'< con.O'< U) The . ic meaning of throw).natcom. your f~vO\lri te . if your ~nswer to question . I cast (a s verb with ba . earch c'1lgin~.ac. do yOD gCI for each? What doe. u. How many result. terminally ill. Find the colloc~tio".mpk ' .nt~nce.ion) to find three collocations for eacl. Do Ihey often collocate with any other words? "P'"'''O''' 4..

.. nn.h tbi... h. Wi.. pro.. ~I. 'O\.. mil " ton< p. .te r. ..drom V~toN... _ . . ""a .lit..'". S'.it" for London touri. ~ 1I 1i( if> .i.T"\alll. .ou".-okl> . . ~ot . n odd " ( ~ t. ~ onigm • ."'" C ... .ulrs SlffiU tan.1 her..he drM r... 10 II".nd 00 ito way to It 1'0.ak on.. " '''''gh ('t.-. d""" fi!lMo". pubic ''''''''f>Ot1'' ••ou. . l>oodrol k>r. The /I" _ck." . You can record strong ~ollocalions effectively in collocation fork" /th .-!rOO <e"inb on<! yoo".~_oI i=m~ af ~n~inm~nt ~~""'s" ...'" ..u aro so many more of them): of fund ing rlac~ ~r~at . jve " h nnj in Wih. london Co. UrI>< ~>iIw..:....:::.-"". whenever you read.. rtaln. • ~ . ( . Don'. 1if>t1t ~ IIinIItd. oll<>ndon'... . "hmu... rr""tic~1 I~au. . for ".00 f-\oo"" of P>~i"""rK.. lecturcs.. Hlo ovorything 01._ f". thouglm buyinS hi> fir>! hume.. English and media <ludie< .. IHMftA""". which.in." tta~ . nriginal collocation. )'QU pm . .~rab ~ •• at' . event behmd h. "ho 'cache.. 26.. the va"'. j "..rl ..cat Remem). ._--. DocU. IW'> ....d fcom "" <rowd to l>e lp 00' . _ .O' --------- ..d.me "lacing to on. V .bility it will bTin~. . 1Ia.e three example.h.. "".."" ollu..nd macho" Khooj r(~"b.iding "". . ~ci .'. J(>c will turn hi."".. . .. i...a newspap"r f. 4J>'" and . "e..... .... ither.... cording any imer."....m ~ * ** no. or both puts of th.. in collocarion hubbl. "_~bi"''''''''. 01>0<.".. Joe.. nd lbe inm"""d fin . I /translarion pending "the r..omethirtg'" I" E"l:'Ji.... 00 1 <911<1 . a 111m review and ~ w~b..~h • trick.". . .son " ""me"" . """"' 0....h CoIocations in Us.~d'.rden~ bu . . . of t ho <nOn W>d prelend 10 b< . usc your dictionary to find ". Go-• • .--..."h... OUlcom.. .5 Finding and working on collocations in texts Finding collocations You c~n ~xpa nd your colloca' ion v()Cabul~ry by training yours~lf 10 no!jc~ collocation.-d m.l 01 hi' ie.itt> tr . into ..ili q . '''''r> i<>< the chan"" of bcin& f>k!ck. ouS"cquation rh.. of texts from different source.. ..<.. ...ll [earn. fully in Jul~.. t od "._...d .. A.. re'ponse and w.. he i.. ... Try [0 g. mod. ring cnllocations thaI you nOlice.. T. .' (ompr<h. . <I". >he h . hard fix or plac< ~-~---~~~~--. G... ". thon taI<• • ""at b.C) v"lu"l>Ie __. 1I01oIoIt •..-.En .. Sho 1iocI1IIDrwi:.. habit of r. ~ . 'Q 2 m ajor hf.hi re.tionI". "'.. ~". 5tro..~~"""".... ature.ng lhe r<spe<l uf • of I S-yo.. dmi" it i.'n .. nt . Advoncal .r you will also hear ~ollocation5 in conversati(}[t s... 1. dIIfcz "sr.. Note the collocations in the. difficult to pin down' . llonge of g..t:WKO.~ """thor iU".. newly qualified ". Recording collocations When working on collocations m a tcxt. i.IrIo _ -.dl....II'n~e ll'" [hink.tim .. ~ndinR the r~. ..'d..!<x. th .her . '''''' Tho "". '" 'he <0'"'' of town 1.. winning [he b O llle. songs and films. ~ (0 The Interpreter tift . ".. t th.nll <~IId. (infGrm~l) ..r.. take a . UN. M _""" _ntortalnmont In • OI.. W hon Tobin Keller (Sean Pen~) ""~'" 10 inv"tig.r1de ' ..ul(...... t il< ch. I. W>d juuI"" p""..y dily]"" foc . (Nicolo Kidm a n) rom ain...t •.

. .. He's gOt th" joh _ ....." E.. .... th. . very cfllwd"d in this cofe..$. UI..ce.ad.. old U> "'" .x..>cJ ."'''' . ..... .. l.. .. ... Try not to.'" having good f6. 5.he wants to study Chin... . " ... '" ~I"'. ro1Joc~tions. <e < in /ut.... ...'. .......-. 0«"... a chanc. days manage to....... when will yon be? 3 What are ' otne typical SOnIce. a . . k> (r. ' doctors are Althongh they lack experience" often v.r..~ """''''''')" to of"".c1'''''''''''~ (5l . planning a holiday..r..Exercises 5.he only way to get to the island is to 3 4 5 6 7 S 9 and I"ll g. "~t..... otlwr ""100.t It... . ~.wnce using 1 Tania has always bad a ... .. Use n Ji<.. as what? If not. f'*1t eli """'l ~ooJ O&1..":" re.. ..... Answer these qnestions...e milestones in your life that yon have ~lrcldy passed. . say they enter politics because they want to .'...sary... ""f""'" "" to Mtut'O> """""...d. 2 Are you llready fully qualifed? If $0.. using n Ji<....tionnry if n.".........."....... friendship i... " cclloc... .·"".. . nd.....~""" "" (~). "o.O/J d ~ "...tion~ry if !II 5....".. " "" ~ I :"vo '" "'"it...t~ . ''''' ' "... .se at uniyersity. . 10... thr. . hotr""'''''' "'."""'"'''''' co """""')" • Look bad .0 of in m:i voc. .. . "...uro. ."" I ""'" (~) ....' [n..ea covors the c~"sew~y ~nd . .' so I'm not surprised ... Compl ete the gap'. Far more people th .... .. Yon our drink.to .....o'..''''''''''' ' ".. of iocome? 4 Wh~t i$ the tougheSt cllallenge you hay" ever faced? 5 What qualities wOllld be needed by someone providing simultaneous translation ? 6 What are some examples of things that havo sentimental Y~lu... " ..ry enthusi~stic and passionate aoom their work.......2 Compktc the The first leners are gin n to help you... for you? 5.. Once my exams ate oyer l"ll. ""''''M "..4 Check th ese expressions (3) in 3 good di<. against canc.... .. .....) . ""' " i ""t U> Iu..3 Wf ___ top ___ a ad_____ ~s '~ allen e IOr ___ _____ _ to:' 4 miss a chance !II 5." ..'ltomorrow. ... til.. une student's plan for work on collocation •. 1 }i~m. Which two arc rollocation$ and which two are not: 1 learn by held 21eam by ncart 3 10'.. (7) . .. Then tick the ideas you con usc youT..... in his driyin!.. ~ collocation from A. ·~"ot tOr"" c()ilor <loco fur 0"":' ""~ """ I "" nt '" (~) ..ncce"iul......earch engin.' "k..l' ". ~ ".... ".5 !II Here i. Most politicia"...elf.. ""....illlilteiy.. . s.. . 2 At high tid. .. """'" '"" I ''''Yo (:!) . far more importlnt than work. • «" • (1.....'tionnry lnd (h) ming a ........ • Wei" Joo..\....1 Complcte .. wJ I~= to '"" ~.

.". neUlnll and ~ery informal a re both examples of ugi'ter.II""lUo. and form" ()~r choice of regi.. 1of.1 ---.t.. regi\ttcr can also be formal. Study . " the neighbours).. ..t"r deprnd. . characteristic of ~ cenai" professional field (e. 'Th~nks for the party. markedly formallangu~g" is most typical of offici al or ac~demic writing and officiall "gal or bureaucr:otic . The . would not ""em out of pla« in "roy spo •• n or written conte~".iorl i • . However.' (nwtra ]) In this exa mpl e.t. who we au talking to (frienJ" manger" figures of authority) and how we are ". I really enjoyed it. 'Thank. nd 01/"><1. pf"dominantly US) [neutral equivaknt: absolutely amazing/fantastic] That party was well good! (Well used to me~n 'very'l'reaUy'. Phrosal . -- fOrmal (from ollie. legal.1 documen"l Students I'I\USt submIt neutrol (Spol<OI1) .dli"" nyle. '}"pie. journalistic or media) or . 'Y Ior"..n inform. [neutral equivalent: I have no ideol \Ve can grab a snack befor~ the me"ting if you'r. If yom clog" f. Formal versus neutral collm. used in any situation). cDloao.g.""se. [neutr~1 equiHknt: have a sna~kl B M>ke.."".t .1 may be sublect to po~ce in~ e >tigation..listic form.6 Register What is registel"? Our us.1 . iwalioll.'{very informal) ]-Jowev. in an email... ar. n.. "" u':r.ation.~''''. . person~llette". totally aweSQme! (mainly used by leenag"fS. _ .n.k foe an extension . Informall~ngu~ge is t)·pica! of ~onver.~Ithou rh sc."gi. de. pecific to official nOli"".: • . n .ft.st"r n.1 T~ pol..rs a party. example The ~ice a". are used to describe tk same .Iking to them (in a letter.. an d e m~jJ" ~nd 'Orne journalism. jf your boss was the ho . you would probably say.ultinr..l..he t~bk Ixlow and noticc how Jifferent wotds and ph. . theie tutor. Police to probe >rms deal TI>< arm. L ".rmI in rq. I". ucratic or legal ''}"te. There is ~ lot of overl~p.(. d.n" may reque.t an extension . more iorm. utr>.ter of most language is neutral IiI can I". oore. in ptiy~te). Probe is typiGlI of new'POI"" I><. ~ccordjng to the situation that we are in..eech... by I May. note in your no<ebook. d ~ . ~onducting in~~sti2ation an into tho arm. leg..t. inve.. " their assignment>.ations . informal.ooie. mainly by young"f speakers. Subject to '""""tigoli<n i.. It was a blast. ill public. . on what wo are talking about (business. .k origin oIt.....) I havon't a clue I the foggiest idea what you mean.l _..iend ho.1 --- - longer word. roao. of l>tin or Gre. -- io!Orm.- lie c~[eful not to think of formall~ngu~ge as written and inform al language as spoken.g• .tigating' looking int<> the um. for the party. th e ne" . .1 or inf". de.OOrn. 'You h""" to hand in Y""'" assignments by 1 Mil)': ·You ClIO a. - The cOP' ore tryin! to dig out info ~bout the ortn. Informal versus neutral collocations That film w~.r con..r. lter you"v~ ull<o!d to I had a word wIth your tutrr: Stud... rb. you could say.. For CMmple. of language chang. hungry. often ..utral comment - Either .

I don't think it'..entenee.eotences to make them neutral. Let's (4) . The language i~ quite infonnal. Underline the collocations which indicate the register. I ) 2 We were all boced stupid by the poetry reading. until it stops. anything srriou.' write 6..1) ...y irrit~ ting and I have trouble (. a look.. the ch arts thi. for yo u...d 17 . news here on Global TV Extr a.. 1 I feel dead tired all the li~..m/""ws Ul Reginer. out in a rash on my ne<:k. Doctor: H mm. records using more lechnicallanguage......'tor:. 1 Write F (formal). Underline the collocalion. testify for a second time..... ( 7 Affix a passport·. . ( ) 6.. (f) Do nol gel off th~ bu. Use a dictionary to help if necessary. .. . A""""". Then J (6 ) . areas at aU times.. DOI. . .11 d"y "nd can't concentr" te on my work. yOll Out a prescription for s o~ lotio n which sho uld help to (8) .. the right to compensation... tempcr~tuce..ented thi' morning with an (2) elevating I elevated H e was al ..~ .Exercises 6. wilham technical medical terms • ... Mr Wil. off to 'leep at night. case in hi . .. ( ) S She did her degree in London and found work there in 2001. ( ) 3 Cur".. . th. up the ra . •• Doctor: What c"n I (1). in the box in the appropriate form..onl Patient: Well. u. Complete this conver...... . blockbu.o (3 ) txposing I ~xhibiting a neck rash.alion between a doctor and a patient.. Then label each sentence with tbe appropriate register from the list below. ~ temperature for the I~st couple of days and I've (3) ... down .. for not studying law. which indicale Ihe regi..e the corre<:t word from Ihe choice provided. of the fitness machines to 20 minutes. I'll (7) ... v-.. I've been (2 )..ncy exchange offices are located in the arrivals lounge. Eng"" Coi1aco!ions in Us.. Doctor: Right. electronic circuit.h.. I ) 8 Jake asked his tutor for an extemion to complete hi' dissertation.. Patient: It'.. ( 4 She conducted a study of single-parent family unil' . .. according to model ~nd road conditions. to win support for the plan.ter from Star Studios. Chou.. . Then rewrite the form al and informal .. .nability I . He further (4) complain ed I grumbled of an (5) . ..<.nt (1) presented I repre. I (informal) Or N (neutnll) in the brackets at 1M end of each . .. A pari. jOllrnali. custome" .ter.2 Match Ihe "'ginning of each <enlence with il1 ending.. IN) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 6. ( ) 6 I just gOt the I~test software so my computer i< bang np-to-date...: informal conver<ation (IC! technic~1 IT ) legal (L) notice....bility to concentcate. Example: Do not alight from tM bus until it stop. Do you '''''?These red spots here.ing tM verb.mp0s.. week...3 This is breaking These are the songs that are climbing There are tons of good reuons Visitors must keep to the designated In any such case..4 II T...hall forfeit Fnd consumption m~y v~r)' I'll give you The Minister will tour Asia in a bid Joss &gold SUrs in the Imest A microchip is a miniarnrised Please restrict your use A witness may be asked to entertainment IE) a ring after dinner....(J(lk at how the doctor descrihe.ize photograph to the ~pplic~rion form.

d with Un ~ mpJorm«n t \. 1 Met1lphors ba!5ed on weight Hea vy Can b. n<r. bo. Wo.. m om . ans almost no chana . us.. who n he left nniver.h • .:o ~ . -foot to...ily 'ended (metapho' ba". we ITJCan that the writer h d ps us understand it more clearly. while a h ..>n laoe (up to) <11 . tom a lot or w ould only b. t ime ~- me<ming Kc . " odor the . For example. wo~ld run into trouble at work too. Metaphors based on movement Ja m. us set: more de~ rly. there is a chance. "ne with difficult content. reading m~ teri a l tha t is not . . bil l ~ Alt houZh o.. in the same way that putting a light on . Similarly in weighty matlo" or w. on. A be2vy burden can b.. hand in hand wIth . .. e. .t br ing dostfOyrd on rocks) . a t e am worlci "i on e rim . p. should. avy bOGk can be eithcr oneweigbty igh. Metapho~ based on the body co/iocati. u k< ""'JK"lsibilitr for >OmOtl1inl: b. His father was hopping mad 1 w h. It'. 2 slim chance of doing . [:J~~~~~~~:~i . however. mdy angry .. mall. xce!knt company. got a job very ea.._ ~- aod Girl> has an e re for d ~ta il"o ask o. rT>< nIJ - t ho ~~ ." iou ." ya w riter ca. "t. s d id a lot of parrying in his final yoar and ran into difficulties with his coms • . LIIlr •• t.. 2S in Mavy r.ght on a situation. opposite of h~"vy. . le>d•• proj e"' i rou p ' ''y 1C_ c""".v<r>tiof\. omeone ha.. A that w... al with." h.o'eO mak~ .. I (informal) . h."_ S" light [. nO(! You '.. company is footin. .. nt.d P' )'ini 0100 •• who< you ~ke from til . d d< d to . f ood at notlc". 06. e or lacking in seriou. ult 0( the r. ighty problems.d (up to) the fact.houldec the blam".. Howcver. Can also be used metaphorically to moan carofr.a mething.. If .. 1 0 .. when w e ..e! carefree 2nd h2ppy. n hc only lnst managed to get his deg'''..' t hree . if their ro!ationship bit the rocks' . the bI""". or . r to <hock . on their tc>.ity ho walkcd straight into a rob! in an . W~ ~se words in a non-hteTa\ sense. the bill.]. h ~ r "...\.. at til< . . h'\Ie on eye for H. used to mc~ n a book with difficult cont. th.. Fat chan" (very in formal) m . Some people rump.(.t.". pm on I>~r ro~...nc.sponsihility. Sue d. d to the condusion th2t this w2s bec~use he'd ' tarred going out with the Managing Director's dau¥htn His mother worried t hat.ponsiblo lor t no ' probIom. go h.Metaphor \Vh~n w e spc~k metaphorica lly. d to mean serious or difficult.. bur it is . pt~ d ""'lit}' you r"". 1011>1 t o run in tho Olympic. nd . ading i.rhing heavy to c2rry or a difficnlt responsibility to d .n a dark room hel p. yo~ f. ~ tin-. I Light. ..: happen..go 0( fi • • kee p.. ither som. w~jghty means difficult and serious.o . ' re. ~ - leorn )0 head. . If yo u do someth ing w ith a light heart.d 011 .

7_5 Ex pl ain w h at ..ome fat I ".... m agazine p\\bli<.eil:"t~ I btallY tIIatt.... 4 Tn".ht Cll. .1.. S I'm gIo d r m DOl jn ChilO:' of ....'t sho ulder Ihe h"".. on loday'i a gen da. Oad C~1De to Ih e WL"o~ concl u.- tw.. m rupho< from A. ream.. S The commince hI> .. hea rt. F~ t chance l'lIe gO! of win ning ! Ch oose th e <Or. tlte dirl. :\h.et ~m . a. Pal il backing the project tco..id..al..-y urrighl l burden I /ifSk o f n::<kr...d jum ped..t5 more likely 10 he I>le~. llIi . Ia Jill w a lked 2a J~ 4a Sa 7. Mn1UTI.dl-['diJ jo b in Ihe O(}·. came out.oo.hing "..i..ing I:QWCtn "'" wnl<:llC in <::><h p~ir. .r< to discu .j ot ~ thJ cti cs or tha t they a re lIery Ull gry: 4 If y'''' n1l1 intO di£~e ultiel or trOllhl " d(~1 th ot m~. a boUT T mela phors on '~ op"". Marm w~ ! thri lled to Ste his na me f<J<../ bmW 1M d~t:).ion . olult. '" ch anc~ of winning.~ .01 ~ $[.. 1h 2b 31. hopping mad.n ON n'S •• • a You .~ in . 4 Tl. ...n pa"y ~ad done so wdl tha t year Ihal iT al.. ill" a am. roek... hue d On in . Ii When .a..II gut a wd l ·~ id job'n It.ring I (acing I bead.he .. Sylvia i.. .u~ ' n 1i3villCl'? 2 If a relauonsh..y cnance Ih" M~rek might POP in loJ~y.l. 4b 5b J.t. h"" ~ good ryt: 1. win Roo.." co llo ol.ite P"be. ... be p<oj. i. DAtI . d rjme [Q relax 2 Ro><:m mcl. 6 CaIOla is yery 800d al 6ndiog a ba'gain. in your mind .ltfflfl l J rivi"8 Inc u ny. i.. d..'s con~.hi..! ml:an t no om h.. City.l.y ate gr>l.h~ f~<. or ~ ...p h ill Ih.. a fil'l>t-<I.oo.. . m. !Io )'Oll mean that tl. he l~lLr <>n wo . ro .. . it's time he UC'CIl!Cd Ih ... 2. em re« ulm.J«...4 IntO a ". I've ". a r~ . ill)) IcsP9 0l jbjJjrv for Ih ~ failut r of the project_ J I don '. '!..'0 )'O<I. ..o ha" d In ho nd with inllulon. Rod H I thl: rOOn) with a light beart."n.\a '" 0' unplt:a .or lmacroo "'. light rea ding or a weighty lome? Ii 1f you taR :ooom facing tll< bcts..11 . OI: 7 .ha t .Exercises 7. 3 Yon mu"".. think Grell: will <vc. 1 Rewrite tbe und<erl inro p~rt o f cad.".! .. find it u. 1 Kiera.. coIbt." _ailubry nooO>bool. dins ..h e wrong conclu . eed (() ~ fOI a Sljff oi. he 1 What WiuaUy sne.ng the li sr of luecesliul call did~ .1 E~ l'bi .. ~ o inc"""". 3. I slrm I skb"... l'~t is he .n <-<ip A IxJ~' ceLebrit i.1 AMWCr t hese quQoCi.. co. it the end oc tbe OCg.omenn e i.ng Ihe hom " 311 by j'Ouro<:lf.--. .. to d.. little ~ ift . RUNS INTOTROU8lE s 3 NEW DlREl--r'OK KElPS 1 .us desigtl<..nlliog of Tha t realinnship? ) If you ' lO y . 7 ...""h <of m = hea dlinel.""". n . Roc! left the rOOm w ith a heallY hea rt... 1 The pre.-.ll whiStling is riding I fI. n that they h3p~ q uk ldy l 5 Wonld )"ou be more lihly to ".

always 'potlc.. . Softening adverbs Note the ... p<fSOIl said tho n. own mnth . d by 1M pnblic intor.. for example: really.it" i< gond hll\ bUl mo st nf lh " infnrmatinn is wildly inaccurate.nrpri. 1 low. no. .. -- . lw"ak COlloc~lion.it'. new film i... to ~ ""'Y . 'tinking rich' .."< to vcry which collocat. wi<h . rtain adjective.. Out he's wildly e. Other adv. exam IUrn.nti .oro.."d on a nineteenth century noveL [loosely also collocate.. p.. [m ildl)' also colloc2t"< wilh amusing/ed... It wa.hould see her llat .. d.v • ...an 'extremd y' or 'oompletdy' in the sente nce. related."""tiRE ridiculow >Ofry."). Her comrn.. I wonder w hal she'll do when . s. ).m 's pIon ..'to . hted.'.' . and verbs but not with other. downright rll<k of Antonio to teli P~ula that .. nt. Th e expressions m. alt"rnati. loosely ba.~ utto rly comple.. .a little bit) Intensifying adverbs Noti~" how intensifying adverbs are used to ll".. only intere<ted in Richard becan •• he'. a bout! Th. offensive] Alfredo S. nt.. (".h. us ed wi th " wide r2nse nf adj "ctiyesj Th e Chief E"~"Ulive said h..oftening adv. only . with most adjectives. with c. •..~ ""7) AbooMcIy 0I"Iiy 00110<. lyltota~l . edU<:.. . cormectedj Ms Gima said . absurd] Alternatives to very 1h. wIl i<h h. inrndibly and awfully. r.. [fairly formal. he find. st in the fi. w insurance sch. ly (NOT ~i .. --1 (NOT . faint ly also collocates with amused. r.d bd orc adjectives and verbs either to strengthen tilCir meani1lg {intcn. rt. The spoke. n". irrilaling/ed. I flop<.t=Iutoly) hPP"f.ifying ad"~r bs l or to Wl<ahn it (softening adv"..'Siy clean. inRuonce .. djtct. with emtred. . unli".oh.1o" d. Ittner . e. b. . d oUlto b... old nn". was mildly . regankd reports that <he wa< abn ut 10 ... "" Jane [call)' enjoy .-bu5)\-g~ ~ r - 0 "" dilf.ly.. slightly can ).. ndent. ly toot"O"I hly . . b<ur-d. It's blatantly obvious that Olga i. th(){oughly ashamed.~" "i".. lu"..epm".. from n='pap<l>.'"Onl "'''oinl$.Iighdy olfen.e" k a divorce as faintly ridiclIloll'. doing hOllsework. ooUocat. altemativr.I _~b .. . str"ctured."ggcr~tcd how rich he reaUy is! I don't know what I was worryin!. ~xtriW1e!y.h e inohd older than h. You . (intemifier .8 Intensifying and softening adverbs Adverbs a re often " .--. surfJris~d. commerded irltiu<= - NOT ' PI"l'c.lightly different from th. terribly. used in th. wa.hd wi th ' a rC very informa l.b. dead easy " ! Thi.iv". patron. lhat ym\ can use a. r" ar" a vari"ty of wnrd.--. celebrity w.. "" ..~ery/e"tremdy) Her comment:> were .. i'~" " " . rb . . he fed.nts were deeply offen".. .

Sh e is an ... 0<1 do not <0 11o" .* O<Jt 10" mor-< «.. Your help would be strongly appreciated. (mah this L nform al) 4 Th. wo<d. the adverb collocations correct OT wt? If th ey are incorrect. really delighted when they told me I'd got th e job.hat you have given mc so much of your time. to make th. ! It w~s _ _..4 Add intensifying adverbs from the oppo. correet them using collocations from C 0pp<lsite.1 Match a word iTom eaeh box to form collocations... need by Brazilian folk rhythm s.=d . _ I'm amazed you didn'. ci ate the fact .tII>ln iodiaoti rc v.n. Jess informal) 5 Th . (g\VC two all5wors) 7 I . 1 2 3 4 5 6 H o's just bo llght a 200. '" . I've n.he mu" n.. "... .." ... of his death had been over·exaggerated.. film. everyone got high marks. We should try to keep the two group' .t tIwy d......h><ned do. realise she was lying! It waS_ ""'"'''''''''''''''''''' to m. '" ''' ''' """"'''''' ''..urd. She k ads 3 lonely life in a tiny house on a remotc island.ly downri!h. I find the simation utterly ab. of him not to say hello to th.2 C()mpieu each sentencc using a collocation from 8. busy all weck.ite pag.. facts were wrong in that n. m is 100% depend.. 9 I wa. 1 The American writer Mark Twain is famous for commenting that rep<lrl. 3 Th. I found his remarks offensive. nt on the weather. 8.ti ng all day.-.. ducated P"fson. I've be". Thc song i. .." ch other..3 Rewrite the underlined paTt of each scnt. d th. Your b. That m. It was_ You should b. ". 0<1 .. (mah thi. I can't CvCn start it! It'. . l ". a littlc bit ridicuioll'. 'pot" . 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 8... "" report.eparate from ". ______ ____ _ __ __of yoursel f. blaun.. d <olQnoon b<..5 I appr . expensive! I'm rIO' eating therc again.ecretary. he should apologi . ~ in .. 1 2 3 4 I tborOllghly ... exa m was extremely ea'y.! Tony say' ridiculous thing'. . al wa. 2 Thi s restaurant is recomm ended by many different people.. .!)' "inking t/l(}rooghiy wild!)' .Exercises 8. 'W""'t 01 you to offer to help.e s.. Someti""... so IlOwmy flat is .-ith.. .n . 6 "Ihe ' "CceSS of the Wimbledon tennis tournam. .u[Jl[jscd by hor decision to ql1it her job so soon. opp<lsile page. '" '''' . crossword in today's newspaper i< difficult.!"'are 's play Romeo and Juliet. to 'The new model of thi~ camera is a little bjt diffe rent from the old one. musical West Side Story is bind of based on the plot of Shak".d. mence. .lIoc. . tio"" with t~ ..1. Most of th. Ar. to the.000 dollar yach' .. )'O'Ili " . inaccur. njoy.'''''' "'" ". 8 I was just Q littk . . Th. .l'" obviou' rich cudo 8.... nc. using a coll<lCation from tn. idea of the ho" singing Happy Birthday to me struck me a. ally w ioyed the days I spent at your lovely housc in tho country. words in bold stronger.haviour was appalling! __ 8..en hoovering an d du.. highly influ.

.. Our res.on'gor' ~". sofa closer to the window. in ad. formal tn.t>!< ".~ we Jooh<l at is just what we want and we' . .. arch team ha.t OOmC of the must fr. a habit of ." "oo.pher~ mge a I ""'" • • (+ . must mal. 1gi"~ a contriburion to the proj ect -make a contribution 1 .h exam. pro~t Thi. of . else has any idea" I'd lil. your t "'y ...mak~ qLlicld:f m.. t'inst 'iOOt tuition f•••.nt to creat.~nccd Engli. all the calcuJation.'e 're goilll\ to mal . . requited. (informol) .. correctly... show_. a 'land ag~in~t the casino th. good/bod exampl. mountain b-cfore they fin"lly suc= ded.. another verb i.I -• make a formal compl. you'll make a lot of . \10 on.u. ve ry qLlkkl)' ..Iightly moro /ormal thon maluo an impr~ . I "rno. >:peel you to gi¥e a formal apology -make a fomlal apology Th~r~ is .ok • • ""' .on. I first made hi. Here are <on"l< typical crrOr~ and th..maki"g thc~" "rrangcmCnt~ Sometimes candidates m e make wh.r><s sUged a prote.".e decided to mal.nerni .. a"'luailltaTlco when he moved in next door... a good id..haye a party Lana "n ~" geFFl " .9 Make and verbs that mean make Common errors with make The Cambridge L . oIii\>tl:f more infoemal "'.nts to 00 _ improvement' to make Thank you ¥CTy much for 00iag these arrangement. It took Sam ton miou "'. ral att. to build here.d>ine "'irli' . [make a formal sugg.nwrlliow if you W. If you alway~ say exactly whal you think.witching off the lights wh..fl)' <hould turn in a profit for toe ooin .omplaint >boot tho b. loot" a complaint . t ... I would jike w <k>Igin . cOllllllunicate.wint rum in a This morAA ()U(" mmp. In th o gordon create a romantic atmospne. A.. ! impre»ion W.do"p' me .rnprovcm.. ion .qu~nt collocation "rrms made by candidate. ome .... ~ ""'ke a form>l f>I"OU" prot..arner Corpu.On Saturday .1 - poop!< have lodged a c..""".y'll mak. curtain.:! the term 'bIoWng·.e ~"t time . a weeess of their new restaurant business.. _<rkond I'm going to . a good imp. th. n you lea . y propos.un up curtoi".. For example: V. camment . """arch into her iamily IOOl< . [protest ahout] Other verbs that mean make I co/Jocmkln I oruto .did .. ..""tl. n up som . -- . a room. mad. a to mak..mpt< to climb th. a for. phn. all offer on it.'.. an inlportant di~covery aoont how whal~. I wood .More. The tc"m made s. Tho mo".) Tho lantorn..int rud.. \'\'hen doing your acc'Ount" try to ensure you mak.. . . wOO coin..make ~Omc ~ug!\c~tiom I think that 1 could h~" .ir corrections._. I ho~ that th. dj. up a meal. relate to the use of make. it'll make room for the pi"no..Bag . to malo a ptopo~a1. If we move lh . to . stion] W. I have to go to a party for a colleague after work but I will try alld male an cady escape. foe my now room.uggestion< .till some way to go and 101.n maluo for a romantic atmosphe. .LJi< to tho . [formal: gOlto know him] "fhe ho~. rcse~rch Other expressions with make It'.n maluo a profit = inve nt I make "" a new phn.

ocial and tcchnic~1 needs. agaiust the new housiug development but to no avail: tI".. order to do all the improvem. (Wl>GE) 8 lli rst got talking to Roger On a train.-.. orne lovd y cushion covers for my new flat. Rachel made nO ____________________________ to contact... contr:oclors 'tarted work this morning. (ATMOSPHERE) 5 I tried to phone the company . Th. etrort. •• t ooo"". to make ..""'~ ~xp "'''iom corrocdy in)'OOo" ".. (oomruwnoK) 7 The service was poor but I wouldn't go so far as to formally complain. "bout your conduct.3 R epla~e make in earn sentence with an alternative word.e you .ke a major prot<. _________ __ _____ __ of this proj ect. Do you think you'll make an .. r """de any mi.. 9. by being SO auto~ratic. We tried to make a.ralti""" at I~ weuend.d ti.~ '~n1ellces c".. make If tr..4 Rewrite each sentence using the word in bradet. 6 Do you npcct your busirn.. made Ihe .. 11'eJI soy whether you hay. "for the boy\ hike.:: __________ . I Are Ik. . ___ ". """ . (A TTfM<'T\ ) 6 Kim contributed very positively to the di.. 1 The Grttn Partr plans to m. invol'o'in!: collocotiom with un .> "'... 1 Have you ""y suggestions to make about now to cekbrate the school's anniversary? 2 We are planning to have a party next Saturday.o ..2 Compktc c~~h sentence using a word from the box..."nt< have made complaint. aon kave soon as I'm "'''iNy tired..uloe . 4 The manager had to make a number of changes to of6~e pro«durcs in. If'''Arf) 3 I'm reading a fas<:inating book abont the invention of new words and phra.. that will chauge the world...'Ss to make a rrofit this yeart 9.t dr<cams of making a _ ... S It won't take m e long to make a lll~ allor the children. ... If Pauline makes a _ . I ~CQUAINTANC'_) Mab.."i~ """...t year. entence more or less formal...-'octed. 3 I reg" t to inform you that sev.wrking H."~. IpRoPOS..nts he had planMd for tbe company.-\L) 2 I hOP" w.... ral c!."'" ~n co. The old f\"ntleman said he was ddight<:d to make my _______________ ______ _.ucl or incorrecl? If Ihey are incorree!. ". (C'OlNw) 4 We ~hang.. " 9. that you made eontaiued a few inae~ura~i es...bit offer atte mp' room calcLJlaoom di.. made a lot of.. es to express MW .-. 2 Tessa help"d m.5 My siSler did all Ihe arrangements fOT the party..t. she'll probably get promoted.'St against th c gme..e layout of the hall to make it more relaxed for the yoga dass.. correct Ihem. poiat of ""'k~ bKk t~h .nmcnt's new f~rrning rolicy. on the flat you viewed yesterday? Every young sc~nti. A railway official asked us to move our luggage to make . 3 The comrany dir<cctor gave a formal apology for his earli" comments..cov~ ry ~"'''''''O< 1 Try to make a _ 2 3 4 5 6 7 S 9 10 _ _______ of noticing good collocations in any text you read...... acquai~ h.ny piece... .Exercises 9. ofro. 1 At the meeting the ch~irman proposed something mth" interesting.. The new CEO ha.~ussion. 4 You won't ma ke a good first impression if you arrive late for your interview. . when she waS over h<cre Ia.

ed whon m.~d ..n official .peak properly. a fruit and not a v"g..dam Tila.0".uon. I..abk occause it coma in....rn. hu.perl>ap< irWn<. fmure life] of". J"na didn't . in pri. IgeoeraU.. "" '1 .bout th< polky clwl£e.Ute"". . speak..hoi...en.""". ohio.~ . '''''m with... H< . .aying thai th<: workers yotod in fa vour of the wab'l: increa.thot he did not krow used lor n .. journal....1. .. At first. '''0 impart wi.. (/<>rm>l) . 1 can't understand a w ord you're . ."1 wh •• . a~ro . T he Intern« i<" W~ .fer know\. fortune.he wouldn't give me " ". n' mad< ot the tim..t hi.... used by parent' or teach ers 10 children..... S~ alway. n.~y I II gues without . a tomato i. ~ Did you b". "ery highly of ). intention.1y .. Rob. ''''''.. didn't trUst him but .lOOt . LLKi>.0. Collocations meaning communicate -" I ". I decla. 11>< .ak th ~ n ~ w.ay.top mumbling am! ...If on r. [inf(}fmai: I'd really like] N""dl .on (".. gold med>. bmr. goud thingo.ay no 10 a nice cup oflca. (Ion ml) .oinz 10 nelp undorprMleged chll dr. ceptiol1 r. T ho old man tried to impart h~ knowl e dgo> to hi. palm and began to tell hi.yed t he ido.. people ar~ "Wue of the environmental consequences of their action •. NOT "'l' a ""..a2e . "ko divulil" ". .'2o al (formal). n..incss.10. 10 .. to ho r th" h.. lime we talked w".. [predict hi.. SlfiC\ly speaking.n e ntry pormit.peed> aod wliling (informal) T il< op<e<h Iilot th o m.0 •• used 1Ibout both . I think it'..rmo. that up.hi Y....ing.. ollkiolly infotmed (k>rmal) .d comment why . ch>.qulrod oo<h visitor to ot. 'rorie ' p<>W<'rfLJI~.~ n. cave an account of her trip to the .l) u.. iB aim ._ret (formal) . not t. b.. rween adults) Now we've got to know "a~h other. is'""'1: '" ho r I. or.mal« ''''''''thin! .zirlg... but I'M won't divulge hi..insi>! he was not "'"~_ of tho don' to "'" cor but I think h<o w . _ = con . innocence.00. 0150 state rouc purpo·.rity otau. r mother I... Generally 'p"aking..ay a word wMnl told her T !c.. Andrew app"ar< to be talking nomen •• but altot a whIle YOIl realise he'. Him...o'" the winne r of tI." known.n.."" .ding inbrmatiorl to • lot 01 pooploo (formal) ~ -Alt:hou&h found zuiI<y. 'OUI"CM_ t'" >m:I. He professed ignoranc~ notifi e d the police oltho ~rr.on1 ''"' (k:>o-!-MI) = claimed .. actually talking a lot I'll tdl you a ..!.te Iile ir bu. talk and tel' I wouldn't . about you] Charlie. 'p"ak.on ronlinuod to prote.Communicating Collocations with say. of di«@minatin2informatlon... .tote men< of d ••m was pron"unced dead 1.aying.otti". win (f""".. don't tell anyone cise_ The otd woman looked al Glen'.ecret but plea... at (formal) . . ". •.

...3 Are the. so forgiye me if I 'tart _ nonsense. always attempted to pass jts wisdom on to young people... 2 3 wisdom i <Durces diVUlge\ . .. Do you think I nlan~ged to giye the message across in my <pe.. Robert claimed that be kn ew nothinr of the damage to the car... ... of the winner of a competition 5 . ..". You can't chew gum and say properly at the . talk or tell........entence to make it more formal." . .. .. arne time. would you? 8 Shall we h~ye lunch first and theo .. men .. """. Stockmao has alway. of innocence in the face of evi denc. 2 lip __ ._ ... At the beginning of your Ji<sertation you must say your goals d early.. Usc a dictional)' to complete th ese collocation forks. + 1 ' pend most day< with my three-ycu-old . to the contrary 2 a company's """ . _ me a . I ~ally like this documentary maker...... The doctors sajd he was <lead when tbey arrived at the scene of the acci<lent.. . 5 The teacher< always" __ ______ _____ ~ ery highly of my son'. """ .. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 The yictim was asked why he had not tllW the police . ... _____ ____ _bu<i~ssl 9 I thinl:.en tences correct or incorrectl If they 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 incorrect.. [ Complete each .es based on collocation! in B. . 1 ______ ________ __ __. !II ..noner ahout the mugging.. for turning down our invitation.. 1 Strictly ..e . abilities . ' of a crime to the police .. ~ tell< a lot of sensc... ..it down to.. 1n your report we would like you to gin • <letailed account of what happened. The reporter had no option but to explajn whea: he had got his information from.2 Rewrite the und erlined pan of ead.. .. that we'll invite you to OUt wedding. 1004 !II 10.... he didn't tell a word to his parents about what h~d h"ppen~d.. 7 It's SO hOI...Exercises 10. _____ __of aims 3 . 10. .. e with the appropriate form of say.ret and made me promise not to pa<s it 00 to ~oyone else... gener~lly ".. ~te [ 0.on.-astated when we dropped the news to her.......... H e refused to say his reaso n.... correct them..5 Use a dictionary to find nouns to complete theie phra. 6 1 had my fortune __ __ " . ... The judges said that M aid" KArlson had won the competition... The older gener~tion ha. .. that. She waS de. I wouldn't _. The charity does a great <leal to inform people ~bout its activities.... speak. insisted that he is innocent....... 3 11 goes without . " at the fair yesterday....1\0 to an ice cream.. it's better to use publ ic transport th~n drive yourself. ch? Necdkss to say..... ..... __ __ ___ _of information among the population _.. you shouldn't be here. ..

" / beliefs / ideal... No. wh en one is being ~onstant ly attacked.l[ain ~ bel ief] It's difficult to adhere to one'. belief.! "". wasn't it? B: Yes. B: Yes. quest ID' a d. n... all th at gard ening has made me hungry.cm_~ warning • maM on officiol .hoold both arrange our work sck dules <0 we don't have to work m Mny. Sh e and her Kevin ~. A: The hO[el w~<u't~. io . it certainly helps [0 work up ~n ~ppet. / a philosophy [formal: continue to m~iJ. 2 ] {formal) acn pt the d«-ision (loml.. filed fordivo. that would fi.b" W tle " ... I the ' y' [cm . it waS ni~c to ju.. ill p"rfectly with my pl~ns too. " • p:-d way '" ". dip into .. B: Yes.:.' .. 8: Yes.. '" ph".. l it j.1..pend part of wme money which was being . Other phrasal verbs with itrong collocations burst into Iaugluerltearo [<uddenly <tart to laughJcry] When sh e Saw t he damage the floods had dOlle to her bouse.. punish vory strongly Everyday conversation N ote how B uses a colJocadon with a rhr<ls~ 1 verb to <"Peat A's ideas ..te. house . ofton diff"". ..it there soaking up the atmoophere. she burst into tear.. He 'aw off 'ewral intruders who were trying to break into hi. was great ju<! <.. [.1Iem dewn ' oge' ' ' . A: It'd 5U." " on • the as they left t'" "'.]ar problem keeping up my Spanish. B: Yes. a lOugh guy.. [ have ~ <im.."'" . Th . it did n't live up to my expectations eil ber.. rb ~." ./fund.ult to ..t . ~ ~ved apart for t~ six months..aving..mcm bc rint the ". to pay for the repairs 10 the mof.l) start worl in ~n official po. I'll try to frre up some time so we ~an go away togeth n A: I'm fin ding it hard to find lime to practise the French Il eamt at school..""ninA- .."". jO! down an address I a phone number / ~ room number [write down quickly] Can 1 jot down your email addr.... B. good as [ thought it would be.t . tie example' in C. A: Well..ition J a ."~ see uff an intruder/opponent [get rid of.II Collocations with phrasal verbs News items The Justi~n i i deeisionLollh e ~cting ""id L ti """ l...\¥ GIeo1dlo Nl'<on fl. _i'e . .. defeat] He'. A: I. r the "". ing. pl. of "" lOCI'..[ting in Ihe tow n "l"are and enjoying th e fed of the place. A: I think we . aved] The dub had to dip into their ermrgency fund..' my ~rrongements if we cOllld meet up at lunch-time.. ~dhere to prin~ipl.

. What would you do YOllr I"" t to do? (FJT) 6 How easy do you find it alway. __ S w. S Hilda Bragg has divorce in a New York comt..phere of the carnival. What wOllld YOIl try to do ? (COME) 5 At short notice some fri ends have invited YOII to stay for the weekend.5 Answer tllese ques tions.1 Complete the cullocatiun. train. . 11_3 Answer th. 11... dlle to . eXp"cratiom a decision 6 ~hjde_ 7 jor .. _your plans.. ~ CQlloc~tion I What do you plan to do in future to ma ke Sure you don't lose your English? {K'-'-' ) 2 What film or gig or sport. _ a philusophy "' up wit h S live _ . .." . using prcposition. in with 1 filc ____ ____ __ ___ divorce 2 come """" . 2 We had a IIIn along the beach to work in an appetite before IlInch.it~ page. 4 The new presid ent of om clllb i. qu estions using collocations from the opposite page. event have you been to that wasn't as good as you ex pecred? {LIVE) 3 What sort of thing might tempt you to use some of your .ion nf the commin ".or d iesel-fuelled car yet? 3 1 'hould. They've already m~de some plans for the weekcnd.. . " . .. u."" my exp"ctations.. 8 Tanya quicJdy saw out her opponent in the semi-final and no w goes on to the final. 7 I dnn't have any 'p"cial arrangemem" so can easily. 1 2 3 4 I 1. a common philosopy. " your address in case I fnrget it. . we have no choi<:e. have been cancelled... have to _ the deci..'ert a possihl e disaster.. Write full sente""'e. an alternative 3 take __ __ ______ ___office 4 adhere . aving'? (DIP) 4 Your best fri end is getting married 100 miles away tomorrow and allth... __ office next week. 1 I'd been looki ng forward to the co urse but IInforrunately it "" .Exercises I 1. . 6 I hop" the party wiII live on to yom expectations. ... "" . from the box ..ing the word in brackets in from the oppo.. 3 The police have said they intend to go down heavily on anyone carrying an offensive weapon at the match. soaking through the atmo.... 6 Most members of the group. ..4 What Wh at What What can YOII do with savings or funds in an emergency? can yo u do with principles or ideals? can YOIl try to do with a language if YOll don't w~nt to lose it? can gllard dogs hd p YOII to do if YOII have intIllders? Correct the collocation errors in these sentencei.. 2 Has anyone __ .. """" . 4 Do you think you could free oUl ...1 in the appropriate fotm.. 7 We s~t on o ur hotel balcony.ome time (Q have a quick meeting this afternoon? 5 The poli<:e acted On a rip-off and man~gcd to ~. someone's address 8 fit ____________ ___ plans I 1. 1 Everyone broke into laughter when she told the story. to act according to YOllr principles? {A DHERE) .2 Complete e~ch se ntence ming a collocation from 11. a gnod alternative to the petrol.

d staff J being promoted • my attitude or mood chan!\~d .h ch alle.n g o((er from ~n "westment b"nk a nd accepted it. it "".. under.._ Wk1l I returned. . 1 practi.'. difocu l! period and had to b y off staff-'.p<cialilf iA dtmul~. ".raff beca\". '(9.b. al !hi ~~ "f p "ning T 08""' cr my CV1 and applying for job". .1 pos ili on for a ~" mhc .. . '-"." "d was a ble to earn a good living.df Julia After gradu .rn".I. one'. Job and hmv one cam. 1 pm on a fa'I-Track and was ffiOying "p Ill.. ql1aTi~ca tiom.00"" p<O<>pI< _killS w.. job mal I enjoyed . one day T had ~ ch." for a llumk..m to do • work for " "'~ral different oryni. .l some irc.-In it. 'J~ m~r n~b"" of 'taff weT" ni<:c and Tcnjo)'cd t<achml!: the m>rifnts.-loo wock.. ar with my opposit. .. kills and coreer 2 'y'tem for rapid training and promotion of talent. u.-'_"' .'. ecourmnc" I did the ""..O.l to ~o pn t-timc.. 0 doctor .'_.lc".-k. did. NOT und . Afrer graduating."" 10< oti"" ~ .Working life Fiona In my mi<i-tw entie s I join... The pay wasn't brilli ant but [w uld male a li. '" v~ •• ". NOT .'k .. a .. ition for my..'..'.. II .bdd. rnak" a Jjving '" a hairdre»crl 1 ". nd . k i .ed I'd ..".. ~" d to build UP " network of contach and rbi . [felt T needed to get m)' priorities right'.. ... no work for th.oted and Tdid "C'ry well..:e.."g ~""ry~ t . d man .~_'. d to th e coumry.-".kily I was able to do a job_share1 ". A lew ye. .~d JU'I to rekr to one'. It wa . J reali.~ n am..tnpl"'d .'"O.er" ITO)' "!tlrk . a written dc'SCriptio n of your edu cation..". of life • Ix: more irn-porum! to rIll< th on """ "1 romeo "...lum virae... Tgot 0 ..t"' g .~ .lIy do worl<.:.id <>.jlh another woman ".'.. earn cnOUllh to hve icall also b.ngc of heart' .. give importal1ce to the right aspect....'..too had .atiOM . tnodfnl> and m ... ". th ere i.md~ than working fnll-tim~ for one organisation Poop! . A bobr m. hi&!' P"" IU "'_ . . mah a 'I"'cial po. I'm now hoping to go abw~d agal1\ ond In am 10 '1.'... Twent back to myoId job . Then Tre~!ilcd T"eede. a sp~cts o f my lif• • hould tale priori1y o... numhc"J in a cli nic ill V." later. lot of! considerable p . t Ory ero' [o w". money: Sh . to do.W.r" fast.f. 0 101 of wort ~ its ~nt5 ..".l!1ation wbete two Jl<'or1e . I o. "joying th •• xdt.] decided that oth. h. after retllmillg from maternity leaye.h~te cquall'artx of 'he sam.'.d lh.'...m. "'0' "berne cv . How~ver. l\w. I decided to go '_l ""c..'ery umpt. .'. ll.".!..~ ..ffi m...~"'~'_'_~ ":-_'_"_'. ~ . o f f'dil.meon. a high pressure environment hUI [ Idt tnoti.." 00 of ~ leading medic~l journaL T hdd Ih...1 'm~jj chIld.l.. 1. ". jo b ) di'mi" ... and"" I did a Pt> JWap lor a y. Ji ...'c.'.d_'.. .ff of a langoage >ehoo!.but iI' . 1 look up tM .' Be" ..'_) ~ _'...or" tho.oQw that r am opl'n 10 offers.. T handed in my r"ignatit'n and mov. ment.-inlll and thele W~I~ many a'peen of lh. ~~ ...noncIoIII T manogcd to carve a niche for myself' ~. Then the ~d\Ool began to ~o !hro ...". doing th o same job in a different location • 'taned work I worh d a. .

.4 Correct the •• .......~~n'" journa!is' ........ Ht did haw.1 p.\.........dI.ing word.nl""'" COllld . He' d like 10 sett]. r ".11 collocation errors i ... kell redlindJIlI.\Y) Yom "'m..l.. eU!15 good mooey ....'er Aumalian hcach. on'< in Au"tra]i a at the moment ? He'..Jlge makes a li fe... prioriry o....... 10 offen fromlny compani .: Pni>. It wnuldn 'l be "'"f hUI. let "" next month.. rillUS goocj! B.... moolh. .it" page..c 7 mum should (8) . . k al th. bn 'Il p ut on ~ fast -u ain ""her. always wanted to ..taff..] y ~1><>"ld rull y be mo. T lo]d him to get hi! prjorilie< 1 ) .pon > reporter Oil J Inn l rw:w5p.... lia? Meg: I hop" nm.. om perrurps..tr.. .... SQOII g. thil paragraph.. Sa. that mLg~t l>ec interested. v"'-ume Qf contacts. .....h pressu.. a liv ing 1S an a"lo r.aps... . (. . (1'\I..1 ~3m senlen"" with its ~ .")' in New Yorl< ~ .. di lt~...IT«IN) .h work to make . n" . And be'd he no do well for you hec:o.. 1"'rt·rim c.Exercises 12...1d !lo i.... he'. fto'" ~ '0""... of ..1<>1..eaUy dn "'it h $()O~ who oould (6) .-ho 12) ..omotio ns al "'Ylt k.. 1 1 3 4 "The n:a:ssion n~Il' lhal .... n f hutt.nporunu 10 )'011 tha .. ince he wen! J hop" it wun't be nete<S3ty to I ~y It'. ly ittms ~ nicc..2 COIllplete tl"... h ~~ in fact ~nd has asked us 10 !el] c~cryon."YI.. i. ... He's had la.. mvroe"'.. doing ~ job "wap with hi. word in br:I. moti~atcd Meg: 'Ikat could worl!.oing on m:lfern iry T ry ( 0 buil d up ll¥'""" nrt". a frt.... a couple of rimes.a ¥Cry R:mJMing (3) . con".. J~ ~u. of the jo b.... J~ Wow.. 12..... the ".. (5) . Meg: Did you know my .. a job-mare. . (ev) 7 My fath "..... from tht oppo..d he ~~ abollt to a"""pl.rl oo . P..... _ 3 post before rh~ end nf!he~. opposite 11) .... Ei1psh Coll="'~ III u....3 Rl::wrilC each sente n« using Ih...ne wilh good Ausu21ian COf\1A(l$.. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 S 9 10 My h". he 'd WQn w<Jlk a nid>e for l. inosdf u a sp or ts jo nrnali.~(. He ~mi..ls R . su. (""lOI.....oPeJ but he is IInder hi". '. ..on u... . ri.:l icul.. <)f w()rk thi. ....ne Int ptomntion ami Ihc""~ Tully ".~lI....... Jose: And do yC"lU think )'O l1j" oon will .cn~e before 1 apply for inh". not euy 10 !!lIke Mr:cting people is thlt best aspe<t Malia n wu Ihe laS! per!iOfI w jo m Anrut will be . .. lno III"". ha"" you met the ~chaage ]><'f$01\ from Sydney? Meg: Yes.'r"Sal.. ) Bill hi$ new b<nJ ' o much 1M. Ge<.....1 MaIm the loqI.!! (n::d:ur~. position to Ins in .. bul ' hen he h..(a ff in our c<"" r any.."TTsr:) ""= 12.........." -'C hc\ ~o keen 10 5(ay he..uy in Au....rrY) Ni.... his ""i"rullinn a .. «m\plln y"s Sydney office.e al . YOII< wo rk...... ...<hing hinl. .. the .. (liO INr:) 6 1 need (0 Wllte down aU my qua]iflCationl ~nd e~pc '. dvonced 29 .. It·s sn hard IMr he's !lli..b~nd ~o d 1 do Circnlate th~ report to a]] mem bers Kazuki lll'~ Ix:cn happie...11o.inning . He'.10' in a rural communit )".. Being near hi. he 's been to dinn-.... d'l\8 " ..... a simi]~..... (KtSK:N....oined «: .. =d r... off ma ny of OUT sm ll.t a (4) . We eould do with soml..hine! r2.he company h~d '0 m~ke some wo. I thinl( he'll 50n n lea..-ork a< n . May~ yoor firm millhr be intere'ted? J ""'.. . (I.-o<k We 've had ... .> u~d sun. king n f "".. . I thought ht wa nfed to go to the SUOtes Ihis year~ "-"let........ t"eS..~ Vi<.

(infmmal) uk. But the)" ha.re until h.'e a . dannting ta.13 New employment Discussing job applicants Guy: So which of these applicants do fOU think we should interviewl1bey all se. boss. Guy: Ye" sure.'11 eventually find that he can realise his potential" there. gal) unfairly di. It'. aving t:ho:ir job) rtru. (formal..omeon< is d u ring [heir <ksk becau.mi. eventually. very <ktermined. isn't he? So Ids bo!". 50 coukl we pencil in a m" eling for consi<kring tM refe. Conversation about a new job jenn)": I he~r )"our brOther's landed a fallta<fic new job'.o complain< abom havin~ to do lots of menial tasks around th. H e just aoom gets a Jiving wage'. I gone 0/1 ..".. rrands for hi. On one's desk (~I'o used wh.. these ten all ""em to be people wh" . quite...d If .. y ore l. p..:"..>out his involv~m"r\t in" prof""icnal misconduct case. I suggested he did that 100. And all the O"erlime is unpaid.d? Julia: Well. even though he knew he might lose his o. julio: TI. t""~ CO. Th. worker< who ar. even if he is just being uscd as sweated bhour l at the moment.'ery high tumO\'er of staff and it won't ht: easy for him to nay th e coufse 7.. How aoom Friday atlO? th.. Ali: Yes. Guy: Did you automatically el iminate the two who'd previously taken industrial action'? Juli~: One of them . to NOT. a team.li!e the importance of working a.a n. I (inform. a d.n .. Ali: Actually it's nOt as good as he hopeJ.y off wnrk p"'tending to ht: 'ick • (informal) ".t'< riSht.l) got a n<w (and usually a good) job ' enough money to lin on . • de. y'". it all works out .. str'''' Or st.tul '''r . BurtM other wa< <tanding up for a woman who'd bttn wrongfully dismissedl. jenn)": H~'ll just have to throw a sickie> from ti""" to tim • . and wad< in very bad conditions • . y ~re cap~bk of rna.nih 1 (formal) Jilmis"d . And they're all dead)' comfortable with taking on responsibility.. Jenny: No. l. So why did YOll pick tell out of the fifty who appi......•••trh. He f~els th~re might ht: sonl~ pro'~1< for him ther...ing di. H e was ""rtainly relieved of his duties" at AR G under mysterious circumstances. but he sayl he's afraid of gerling the sack' if he dnes..chieve all that he i. capable 01 7 r~m~in <I". Julia: [agree.n""s? And then I'd bwer Jeave you and go and dear my desk' hefore I go home..I'd ~Iso heard rumours . He must have strength of character to risk losing his Own livelihood.. So ht: souuded good to me. He al.id linl. Ali: I hope so. '0""" ..termg new skill •. with any luck h. He's got a terribly heavy workload and that m .!..n job..k to nalTOW the list down to just one per~on.. offie" running . Jets start by taking up references for lh.eriprion qui te well to ~. ~[I shown that th .. workin~ very nnsocial hour<. Jenny: Wd l. se ton people.e....l with all the pap.milsed . Jenny: But he's paid well? Ali: Not really. Guy: OK. but h~'. So.." ~ " '." rh. is s"cc". w"""'..m to:fit Ik job <k. Guy: Fair enough.

. "" d always d''''3no nf wo... S /'c... ? oS Jf yo" Jo...1.. ...elf.i..... .... ." I don"t b . a hc:avy wo .5.... thM ioOrn ~ peop le might ..foe lef.i.. 4 A: Ha ~ ."3"d.. jOb d .... .. . the jl)l> ~ripliO!l . 1 hop" th" workers don't d«i!lc l<J g<. ......!: indmn ial action ........ S('mt· mt'Illlxrs of ' taif? n: Ye~. 6 A.. ..::11 fUre!-he wo uld ... . ~ c di dn't f.. e<. ....... It" going ru be "".. i ~1 ho urs ? If 1<>..... 13..".od bUI "...Ul d? '* It .. SO high Ihal l don'( seem to urn eno\lgh 10 livc Oll all)' Ill" re.lar jo b I 3 ..ICtI~ 8 bd u "........•. B: ~O.. he (2 ) . _. 3 joh o n ~r loxol lI.· iob 1........ _... ibility..... a tum" ".. In .Urp... crs...... Sn "'" didn't ...ng a coIlOCJlion from 11"... my. why nm) Does th""".. ........."...rty """". M el was ' '''p. M 10 you.. oppMito: p age ' 0 rna"'· D agtee wi.... J A: In/b tion i.... o¥~niITlt'... th..".. I<lr J n_li~ 2 a n ala rmingly difficult = k 3 (0 tlKO"'" d...... 13 .•.d o'" th". ye<lc. !>ox in t!. I..... l(':\m ? 9 D o you h:.1 Complt'1e thi. .. r"'p<>n..........ilkd at do inK n .. to....ects lor her lire"...k . .. job i.ar is out. t kind of lllenial ta..... ... to work u n~o. Had you h ea ld tbat th"y mar Ii". y". d 10 d«ide ""hich of the jo b a pplicanl3 to s h ordis.'" 10 I""'" o-r prcoto.· ..•.·c.. 3 Complc'le .' bul she fe lt ron Rdcnl th3 t Ih." it JY....d Ihat ... joh ? IS: Y he ....... 6 uo fa "l)" sacked I to . u ki... hay.1'13l«I • note o f any i"""""'.. .."C <~Iocan "r" )'0" <orne """''' "'ot . a p •.tatem""1S from n:feues 5 IQ ha v"... questiOn< ~hou t y""r own work or a.• _..hey d cci<k '" . Sfoe wa.. requ ired fo r a j.... . w hy nOI? 7 Han I·"" ". 01\ IT'O'...Exercises 13.......h doel 1'\ \1/ job invc>1v"? 2 Do you think thi' joh .a...> on $lri""'. brother .. if . I did h. Ci lhcL 2 A. eJ 1>ec3.. ..... things " to req..._. Inr Ihe «Ii'I)'.I W Or un pa id? 6 H~ "" YOll ~nr thrown a sldi...\: as " jOlln-ali........ ....1I"tiwt... ...... l ag"" ... wouW he VCJ l' unf<lrlunm..ds from Ill"...:m 1l'1110~ (rom hi.. '" are \...""" .\ b 7 10 bo.. but .. ~pprnprial" f<>rm...dq)[i""'( 01 your soun:e of . "..\1a'13grr h...ond'Ie Loot 0<1 tho '~l<Orno < for I.. ill allow you to rea li . .. '" '-om -"< a>1Ioatio ... T don't lhillle he'll .....d~y.? II so..od to be a hibh rurnover o f ~!a ff a l l'"'' workpla~........'1 AIII"" O' th . w5pa per as soon a..'<Ji"ll 10 .. .... paragmph ... .... n prob>bIy "" p....b wh~! A say •• A: I thinl: that Miele wililoavo h. lIOOd P"""'p. do or ...•......"ppy w j l).. . ..."a k".. uni vmity... ( don't fee l I earn ."id <he was . . D Ye<. . i.ki!i. ~d OJ do<nc in <I....... milch o f her li_ (3 ) ..'<'>!>t' in • p aTticu. why.<pmd'nt.. ..OW ho ... h.~ n<....-isional da.... ="'N""lioo P\......'Orl: ~......... _. 1M . _.... .... .....he"" qlK:ltrom and writ" 1 Wh . i. n""""e el......ng . 1\: y.. ......" (5) .nn. w hy? If not.._....... r..l .... B: y"~..... it IJoeC6S3ry In ......oct.' If no l..tti"" in Encl'" about d .... ....... 1300. Hit .. yr>!lr potential? J 0 0 you eve. ... She: .1 Fwd a rollocation in A tht m~tdl\'\ c~cb ddini.. foe was hQ pp)· 003t>1Ie $II".••.e down!he an .. <)(In havc the chana: 10 (6) . t . k lt.ki.. lIy mind whe" she r""nd thai she waS ..our "'\aCCepta ble for >orn. He... '..t hemg uK<! as (4 ) .·. u h "fl Of would YOll ~ \'et 000 ' ...

. ar in mind that th. 'pi' e tho kno wl e d ~ t h>t . m [struggle to find a solution] and we cao have a nagging donbt (~n llnpl ... H ~ "Pprmch to hi..ory cri' io>! 01 lo meo"" . (ge~ally h old view] Opiniom are divided a. Dooidirlg ' 0 ' ot up. will wm tho rac • .. . know. arc of equal significance bill is now a widespread bclid.....rc aT~ oft~n Jda)'\ to mght! during b"d w"at~r. [gue" th.\1y T e"nag" . rood to go oot wlth him..~nt feeling of doubt that will not go awa)·].oly b.. !>owed a lack of iuds· m . m t>.. D1 ~ -- ." ha. spon... bllity to i'Jdgo ... Metaphors of thinking We can talk abum thinking lmorally [approaching a problem in an imagin ative and original way mther than u. ..].. m oo' e rror "f jUdge m e nt.] .u r~ if I w ant to inv" l in your bU. an d ....... [NO T I str-Ollgll' think] I'm not .tle with a prohl. _a .w. We can say sOllleOne has a fertile inugination [one that produc" ...!: .11y .. """'t hing ~ .·~l It's ~ for"gon . but it i.nd norlm. We can w« . I .omoc .me$$ no. for our own action •. _ P"" judf ome..... dono thiclg. critk". [I am totally conyinced] i1 Wo.ould go out to w ork Or not. ho. . lund. Judging (aI!oc~tiOI1 ~"'''pIe Do!1"t judI\" him '00 liar. bu.c il SOme thought ... Jots of original and imer"'tmg ideas].. child .- be .. n... poor judgeme nt of tbe oconomic . nt Prornotlng Al"" W35 a .ing ~ traditional approach ]... . condusion that Jaim.ometimes people jnmp to condusioo. "I tho problem..in" YO'" bette r i<><\r:ornent a I.hly poOl" judxemo'" fl.. nt.olf. or not.t my I f. hm I'll gi. [hold that opinion]... H.tly think W~ Can win the match tonight. [abs.. to whether modlers of young child ren sr. on ham't YO gra'l"'d ~ importance of T"vising for u amS . [g"""rai id~a l I don't sub .~ .. d do d:loo . n k1.ituat ion .". f~ct. On qtJl<k t<> p ••• judgeme nt on othe r people but . He really 000100·' meoninf jodgo . & better ludgement. We c"... about a s itu~tion without h~ ving enoug h in fonnation].-&. looking for a now job.y firm conyictiOll that difu rent things suit different famili" . [ever}'on. 00d ido. lar lrom perfect he. d..ibl.tIy.. it""tio<1 w. aga i".ln also talk aoout something fuelling speculation [cn"ouraging people to cunsider tbat something may he true]. "'.lily. NOT I '""' ge«:i...Thoughts and ideas A Talking about thoughts I hone. [bd .. crib.n . [people hold di fferent vi<. diffe r. ror of judi em. . [remomb "r] It's connoon lm(}wkdgo th"l Ja~ j ..-.. "t<J<Jd how l important wrn~thing is] Ttah the view that we au alJ r.c: ...olutdy certain] I'm not quiu sur" what I'm going to do bm I'v" gOl a rough id"~.ck of judgome nt an . to th e thfflry that nature .1l.

.ell <11"""..-idu.2 8 Complete the paragraph u. a large numhcr of ~opl.rly d.. You shoold bear in thought that )"tlur vi. ~ I.ood "'1:""". .iend "los 0 different tlplnion.rticul.."u us< tbe words lit"tally or mctapltoric.u of juJsem-enl 0<1 t f>e port of the ".1 the tllOIl1enl bul it . I bd ieve that the government will win anotner term in office bm my )\irlf.-. believe left·handed peopk are more intelligenl. 'oot enh"".c.4 !II 14. . I 2 3 4 5 6 7 It's unwise to deaw condusions too quickly about people'! mOUves. ~ 14..1nce or t'-.1{" ~I It. II s~em' tMI mediu. 1 '" 2 Opinions are separated on [he i". the collocation errors in the.-ill IINM .mall is [~ autiful.... Your collocations ". Tkir judge""'nt mil)' be or thin~ (1) II m. 5 People are graduall)· getting aware of [he problem of climat e change. 10 pul .00 .."c.ing words from the oox...lly... t our m.j/ ill! indi-. pl oined )'Og~ " .1 hook at A..erious mistake if .. bO lit"" ... "" "" "'" th~ impe<i. '.e a dictionaf}' to find frequ .iclion th. " 'II would _ '" th.·e!. 1f h.e . " . nd Co. 1 it i. 1 a fertile 2 to fud 3 to wrestk with 4 a nagging !II U.Exercises 14.ingl"... Con"".. to t hin\: 'oul.tructor z.. ny .'ou t<Xlk that job_ I den't believe it'. .1 member> of . a foregone fact that the larger company will win the con[t<tcl.. lo p 10 If>e yogo d .lion p.:lc~ to (4) "' y>.M tim . Incre"....d itolir¥: e. . nt "..". ntenee.1 .5 U.nrl<~ . ~. oor obilily to think in cr~ativ~. Rememhcr he's onl)· 18.. . rsonal conviction 3 harshly [(eorcd 4 a rough belief . h.. my (6) co n. I've got a raw id ea of what I wont to 'a )" In my e.id e the box' j uJg~m<lnt on th~m.1. not my f'\. Can you think aoout it? (ruoUCHT) I think yon are l~ing [<Xl crilical of him. how you are unable 10 juJge situatitlns wel L (ua ) We ""'c to decid e when to have the party..g~ment at I)eopl ~ (orne 10 und~" tar>d y()~a belter..3 Rewrite ..e a dictionary or an online corpns (sec Unit 4) to JedJe whether these are COmmou collocations or nOl:o 1 bear in memor)' 2 p .. (5) _ _____ . tile)' .h sides 01 the ~as< . eh 14.y. ach .: ". not 1" d.. entence using the word in bracket'.ue of singk·sex sch<Xlls and tMre are sound orgumcnt' On b". ""... thei r lunch·b re. tf>en.say but I haven't p[onned it properly .Jy imrrove their mentill (3) .. w it was wrong.i~g number> of peopl e todoy subscribe for the thenr)" that .. th. nt colkk. -. (ACAiNST) I'm afraid your decision. (HARSHLY) Surpri. in ol~r ..j r".cc how it coold b<-neht tho comp.. been. ..Jt poeop)...-ord.ations with these words. (juM P) Everyone knows that Ellie "~s been taking mouer from tho tilL (COMMON) I agreed to help him though I kn. "n/ortunate (2) ..../ 6 y '\: ~ 7 I Strongly think th~t you'd be making a . itors will Ix: tired ailer their long flight.. unu". (WIDESI'l\EAn) 14...an.

.'r rot U5 10 ... t_.".... doa n 'onjx>Ju...cn~ .<t< 01 ." and a substantial .. times er-a.. 11Ie 1"-111 ... . ha n • g<><ll).i(! yta~ . tl1"'s> i" ~>HJfttr""" _ _mo of q". TI>ey '")' .. 'J hoi. and the ir cml'\<)Y'.'1e fC'< US." rl'RR ~ <lema . ..ne. nc'W rrwxlo:h ". ... .. ' 11 "'in "" ""'. 1 S(an .: I"'!.. 1"" and pro/l lJ . ~ I.. " .ll< f... Howev"" "'" h.. not mo.. """ ....noun..<I. [~poru 'No III)" '"1th< de<..... . ban krupt De scribing trend... . IoI>nl)l. (\ M'Jd L iii!...5 .. ~oosiderabl" ch... The ("A". 1ie!1 do<re..i"...[ !heir are.ny .' ... ~.:t.IIM "'" P"I'l"'"l made 101''''' bm1ftts.. "".o... lhrlr 1"~"'. wt.. timeoloJtoo' th>n Impo'u.. ' )'<1 .. ./wo ~..."'. '"".ill. .'-"t an... We h'I>'< "" in «mion "f ~.. ROj!1I:t "'WIt wbo JIe/s ...w )WK .ile .01 of Ih de ..:nn>..hridfl~ r.. ri. held au II . » .... NOT.pmon! "..< •* .. .. k'.. 'TlI..klM' klo.>{ bo..... <Ie ..tf .'en mom:..dlll "'" b~ &1 a brvo ".eop. d •• e k.. i> exper'." .lroad y Op"rtoI.. cau... .. spoI.Clive~ on<! au """fidem we "'i ll . . NOT Exporu . Ih: "'1~ The.... IIi .... oItM... a>O:. . .li\l t-o >hI< 10 INalan« the bool<5'.15 Business reports Buiiin eS5 news 0.«:ription of trends... seli""".. jlll:O into production' in <he ' mlll! .. d\..."..." ""d feel !hot.."g tbi.... I..tlRO cloar obJ. sri:! "'_local people _1o:Jmcd "'~ u.0 bOO5l l .ncrea"" • bring . /or _r. .1". bpo<u ~ five f. _..~ fuI the lirst quarter.~ r~f of !hoe..bey Me l l". it< ~ bout business ill ad\'3IlCtd Engli' h ~xarm.....he d...".... _ealellno: ..s.. 1 h"}' "Pf""I'j.oI pI_n...' "" oaid. lIIt .. .y N • cd III ' _.._. 1ft""..\!ci.tit '"~rsIM.M ioo..::.iIIl:>io qoalily and p . .m""'. nlq.I.rea.. ~R o. "".. hrLMdli.. Mori: MuU<»...veryon<: ii.. ""mal ~ alfoco the: net 'n.pmcn.. _ . hoIders at :1te .....pICe • ~1tIJM diKI...-e~ljng]y ftI= tOl"Jl"tlllorI' '" Tilt _tl)f.chcm<..antagOli I (joum ali.o In prim! ._. """""UIft W<)t~ ln& 01\ {bi.:omc 1 m~n """ the ~rt\(>lInl ' r><nt .'lS we .<)Il. . ~fD . Th....m .ar"~r em-pus ! hows th~t chere 3rt 3 num~f of coll OCAtion errors w h ich a re ft cqumdy mIIdc w hen andwln w .Jl<nl.~.wry . . NOT.1\ ray divlden~5' rCO' ..:d Ib)' ~ '.....-king in t~ vel.". OormnE or"". . k.rio:) . I:fDl'rnte rnO. in tile I'tNi ... boing m."'" "" aN c-... ill . ". J>U5I~1 f~ 1oc~1 firms...zing and wn.. hc """"'.r key prod....'~ in fLOCI ..e """an.... ' WIT. iIItcrc."... hi<...dlld: 10 indulIN' proj«\ll in .e~ncr_ .. '" l'IIolIcI • _ !..\ n irnpOHall! pari of mu n)' business ..""'Iy Ift'etf....n p~ die a..auy well ""lilt w~y I() nK'dIn.. . NOT h+ < """petitio . hf1....cd by j. ... n:I . I"hicb . "" ""rrow pn.hould ~...

b\ldget to.... 6 Our sales in the domestic market au certai~ to hav~ a ri.. 4 The bank agreed that our plans m~ke sound bu.t yo< find. it's importam we attain r~ quality that our reput"tion is b"ilt On. of.."""'" y.... 3 There is increasingly high competition betwern airline companies..~ qu~stiom abont the collocations.t ye~r sales were thr~'C times larger in Europc th"n in Austra!i~. .n Ihi.Exercises 15...s not neg.1 Are these sentences true or false ? 1 A husin ...uk)'OO '>Il fOld "'poet> on ..1 million <amp'"'" Lcd up..growth owr the... likely to fed more .ob.. I When might the 'vbMging Director of a comp"ny call an cmergency meeting? 2 What kind of age group is a sport' car company likely to have as its target marke" 3 Wny would shareholders be ple"sed if their company "nnounced record profits? 4 In what situations other than business do peopk set themseh'es obj ective." exciting new line will go into 7 All your hard work will e\'enmally pay .". hoo. ? 5 Name three thing..elling 3 We use a professional accountant to help us balan"" our . when 0..tin.ecure if it has narrow profit margin •..ko.g ooll=...e WI. S Thc "les figures for 1'iarch show" linle decrea. e ~ecutive will fe-d worried if t ne company e ~pc-rien"".o.. 3 A hih in the. strateJ.. 1 It was " .... a decli"" in demand fOT its PToo"cts. that a business would have to allocate p~rt of it...opposite page."". On ' h< w..w. 9 Although w~ need to reduce our COSts.~b staff will promote their prooucu ' uniq~ selling points.ales and 15.e on those for Febmat)". . 6 How might" company try to &imulate growth in demand for its products. 7 La.. 5 Busines.ri\·el)· affect the bottom 6 We look forw"rd to next spring...3 Correct Ihe collocation errocs in these sentences... 8 We feel that this proposal do-...in"..d to report a strong increase in profits over the last quarter.. C<)'''P'''Y tha.~ next year.. 15.price of raw materiaL.s considerable business sense. .llmg in tnc receivers. 4 M~rketin~ and .t ensure th"t the research project do-.. 4 'lhe company's export' to Jap~~ had considerable.y will help I}{}()" both .. ill.ioo' th. a number of unique ..ineM 5 We m". not.. managers are likely to be happ)' about c.I~S! decade..wmp. that uses those material •. S We are confident that our new bus....ad day for the company when it finally had to call in the . plea. 1 'l'he company i. unit..""".e-nt" difficult cnalkn~e for ~ bu..2 Complete ench sentence using a word from the. .. 2 rm "\te you'll agree that our new mobile phone ha.y iIl. 2 The new health ~nd safety commime is to be tabled b)' a retired doctor.0".ito w. pleased if the company d~ nO{ meet its quarterly sal es target' .... 6 A company i..nie . I SA Ans~r Ih. is likely to pJ"("f.d m. 2 A business CEO i. 10 Business leaden hope new government policies will stimulus growth.

Brit ~h &'p.. lot< of online companies have plenty of regubr custom".. k for all my money bad: (NB NOT . said th c~' ~niv. . clothes ~ re top qu~lity. And I fed if you h.tin! col 'x..-i c•• by looking >t . b. ohq ~ll the rul . I'll demand a full .. do wh~t we ..--_.it i.ourse .. carry out s"rv. We promise 10 h"ndle all complaint.:] [0 do . tomers i •• 1 aocm! their prod ""t! and . (informal) mah a very for"ibk cornrbint .i". In rOCt the). wh. ''''' odditi"."" ment. ""m pl.1 . .ty regolotk>n._----------I " rea".hop on the im "lllet. ~. I Learn more collo<:>tion. And I'll cwa iHly I~h .. ame asain Company promise I~no"r If yoo ha . 01 oor produ ct.Customer services A Shopping in the high street or online? compallk ._ J to . ".mid d" • "ad.nppo. ervi"e... ~~.dund 2." zip w as hroken_ It's rc~ lI)' poor 'Iuality -.""dord" then we W1 lilmm edlat.Jow. l to ..ot. n th. plN. r .' to find out w hat customers or potential cu.count when rOll place an order online._----.""P3 ...I.k •• p"fe ot . WE toke _l'I'y . does oot (0"'" up 10 . hopping online has its advantages ..tome. dy~. th~ me eV~nI"a.l'm going to lOCk up su"h a '_ '..ti "!: m '~ " pic 0/ cu"om.." . Tpersonally m uch prd er to go mopping on th e high ' treet r.h .--------. \X-'hen I mns up to comp l~i~' . that ot JoIln L... .eriou"v any aboutpOOf . CUStOm d S<-.. or low...u'e the verb J~manJ "~nnot be made strons" in Ilngli . .uppose the hottom lin e i.. oller yoo" i re pl.h.. it'.':'. . appropriate ..ther than to . I am"" "r.kif( ptomn.'e " pmhlcm with ~ p u"hase.. d. So if I you fl'l'l that 0.e r.n for complaining .~ id w e w. You get a llllJCh ~tl~r impression of whether sorrn<thing is good valU " for mOll"Y or truly fit for purp".red lI"s .-----_. " to hav.1".tv. on d. ask r to go back "nd make ~ compl aint if you've bo ught something from" shop. "ff" . it too k t.. ... and pl e'l lty of satisfied customor" l..1 ....urycys ' good at doing whO[ it i.alll ] ih All ~"""'>M as well. furiou s . W.. d on. On .. n days 10 come.. and many companie.. nO! buy from the .". .. !:loon<!...~ shopping. urvey ' .e cont<KI 0Ui' fINd 01&. We an commilmrnt.afery . offer YOll a di. already m m'f\ "!lough) . of cour.en~y d~mand b""..h()ugh me Of .k"...etvice ond all our product' ronform to .._ okr .. comp.... e l wh«n you can touch it.-.. . . prid e ou.1-. <""' ~I~int' .. And..e Internet an d 1'". NOT ~ .. CU'tomOr . fo.toro: www iohnl ""'i'"~ m_oIHelpIHe l pHDme. ervices. that it's good for us as consum. ! Then..tandard. M .. o."'_es on providing on exceUenl .... at the add". as much healthy com~ririOTl as po ssible_ ).1 i i I Complaining about service MO. for . rtm en. But . prompl . reioring ---- -~ - --. promptly - pi. hol d and then nnu got back to m. . <ompl~nb - ~I . i. ny intor.. { I or do .. hut I'd ". ". ny wob$lto. ha c m Mu'e. -~~-~-~. n ot~ 01 . recently about onl. 11 til .oo".

o1f (4) 0<.."S". .. .h...."..e you ever made a complain to the m~n~gemeM nbout the food in a restaurant: 2 I hate making <bopping on Saturdnys as the town i< '0 crowded then.!] ( : .. 4 We made a large·scale customer survey before de"doping our new product range.. 3 To get your mon.. ...... G".n. _ _" . 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 H e is an economist who believes m the ad"anlages 01 healthy! rich! fertile competition. . I would prefer not to take my cllstom >omewhet~! anywhere I elsewhere......J .~h...w.. Service d"".0 foou... • " • ..~c~.. • • """'" ".t l'w will Cf>lti""" to <001' ~..ofuo"" ""'.lIre that they w ill be fit for _ . "'" . r Look at A. • _ ""f-'.. ." V'..""""'-... Dan kicked up ~ terrible fuss! f()()t! feller about the service we received.~qLJ<Sl<tI "" . Down 2 Your helmets do not conform to safety _ ...""~' ..... .. fOO' .-. 5 I am af.ma""I! prompt / present. y back you' ll have to proye YOll have for complaint..) f. The hotd mnnager dealt! ~a"dled! honoured our complaint very effici ently.:.. you can put your order with uS online or by phone..4 '-f:." :' ~ '"""' ton< 0<""'" . 1(... 7 It is Out policy to offer students n _ on hooks and station".t . (lar""Coic.hclcf«.. I _ (I: . 1 When choosing new offi~c..y.. .'. ..' s urprised by the w eak quality 01 tile ""ting in that film we Saw last night.. TlN.hollld be re~oon~bly p.-.' fuI ~to tn'."".... c""'f'l. .3 Complete the letters using words from the opposite page. . ""'" P""'''''' ~u it . "<leT' It . .. c'". . . ~ ...t.all our commllmentS.Exercises r 6. _"t>o .......I'<d " _ . lbe service at the hair . Correct the collocation errors in these . 6 I w~.. . )''". "'''' ~. 1 This shop gives vcr)' good worth / crut / value for money.aid that your service simply fails to ~ome lip to 6 As a respected firm we alway..~. S On·the·web <hopping is pro ving increa.. ' " ..2 Chom" the COrrect collocation.. . 16. entence. ' _ S"<i". for til< ..x l'<X"" " . . oornm ittcd to (5) __ lien"" and "" Ilin! ((. .alon did nOt nm! come! do lip to standard.o ".. ... . Aero .co. .:-=---._..'lb'g y"''' pu.. 1 E.. word...... ingly popular.<lt 0.er)· busines. .."'"".. I hate it when you phone a company and get put on hole / ~a"g! hold for ages. ..~"' i. "" I """"... io o..&ill ..--.. .. . _..i<""" ..' II_C••. M"'~I C omplete the cro..t. 'u<'""-' *" "'" ''''''''¥' ."' "''''-'._ ~ )W _ '''' IN""""'~.t foc )'0'" let"" ... )'ou must en.. "" ~ to 'ho oh:>p . __ .« (7) . .... .. . wanU satisfactory / satisfied / 1l1lis/ying customer.n't ha"e to be next·day bur it . .."" 16..'..I "'al lh:r..OCooI. .. 4 I hn"e nO option but ta demand a _ refund...oI: )<". .. 3 II you w~nt your shopping delivered.. . I "...t"'" ~ood>.. 16...\. We can't sell our old sofa because it docsn't perform / inform! conform to modern safety reglll~tions.j '" _ ""tt. -. . 1 H~. ~.' <A . 000101< . or We ~j".""".... f_". .~.

atu. COnc"ntr.hL. ."" ....... 7 specific books which studem.1.t i.hed . leading author.-t~lt to U"n" '11><" t~l~'(J bi:j """>t.it"".ubjecl.tM..." "". cu ~u_ca~i~ _ T"OS'c.nt wilham perl11ission . 0 Y""'''' a bilitl'j " 'f"'." tt. ·""i" 'e. not "cady ] obi lll}' shown by hi. fot' i......<..nt.. . ""Lt.· li1.. ~nd she .eA it lio"'(J ".".l. o'~"'~ f. . "..' Scien(e H..<k H·. lack of formal education and they have signed up for a num k r of evening courses i .chobr.. In the meanti~.t "'t'D'" . In the fir.'.. ><1.. Amelia's teachers identified her a. Physkal AltH"'".~2'_.... • (very formal) educational institution • ".L .. 6 w ere The developmml of II!... l.< v.rtu~ ~tt<". 0 I ability to think quickly an d cbrly Harry's school report Mathematics English French Geography -- H""if~ we·. who are older tha n . age of eighteen.. H...""" . 11\ the field. "tcT" -"" 1i.. "'"' '''''''9)j _._ ..tudies with considerable succc. mosl pre'tigiou. y good reputation . _ . 1fl. achievement' < being . '1.17 Student life Courses and qualifications When ..'1:: . <""'" ~o fi.b"._... Her professors were all distingui.". cour"" were taught by <orne of the world'.< <l.".ccepled os a 'Ill d. biLittl to "?o. ha\'ing unUouaJ intelligence and rema.I.<. "iJ<tI'' ' "'* I 100% . and gmdumcd from wllversity la't year."!. "I't"""""'0: "'1J~t...!.! "" c""".u.' .. tl1.udcnr.. i n~l y old-hshion ed) do or .. h.t . . .ocltl w.ij ·.....o "."" -. 0"' ''''1 .· complu ed h er ..m .! . ~rio..~ te· 'H' """10" ""... .he was a 'mall child.Lo:... It wa. H' wW e"."I tc)m 1 to read. Sh.". Haw""t< . ..he was a 'tmight A "udent'. .n' t~~"t f'" l'V-!:l~i.vemse with a ve.""... l"'M.:.. .. hard work bm .<w. "1:: '."i:j t ..-. . ...-...._-_..t co".. n.... ." - I t~"ij ""~" .. cours...... -plt)j tHot "Dl<\..Y>.. Amelia had a large number of ..." "". ~~ ec"~o t. ' '""If< d'{f... Ev"ntually they hope to mee' the entry requirements for univ""ity enrrance and 10 he able to comple'e a degree as mature students 9• • subject< which all rhe "udem. ~ . student who always gets very good mark.' .~ ~"n.t"'w.. F"""~.d i.... of.'.t "'..v.ve to do .t fw ~~9<' "e. a nd he.>. t". got a place) • or enrolled on . her parents have decided that it is time they made up for [hei. Amelia WOn a ochulaTShip to anend a loca l grammar ..''"'' "~ ..he loved it. eato of learning' to rcad S English }.th .... (formal a"d incrc..ti"'"' o<~. . must study (info".... " . le<t olo« U"t."cured a place' at oue of the country'.l .tion i.".... .til. t"" 'M><....l.choul. ><1.wei and Contemporary poetry..[ academic )'Tar of the Eng/ish Literature pwgramme. .•... ~ ""......"~~ ~~"'''''". n·.. (formal) w» .e....... "-_.. .kabk memai agility" and they put her on " special programme for gifted children.._ '''''1''''''".~ .. 011 the cou".- ..rudy .ite.. the core . By lh.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 S 9 10 We were all very impressed by the .. mental My grandmother i. Thom uChil'" (H.. .. .1 Answer th~ questions using collocation s nom A.... to (9) . leuner...".". lhi." "" '" ". " waver.hoot Potor'. not too bad bm there is certa inly still room for Your littk girl has shown herself to \:>c a very quick The t est ha. .3 Complete thi.. H" ho.. hi.-. 17.4 Answer these questions. "" "...ntr.}..<d (t) Il\m: <i. teach er's letter to the p arents of a problem pupil.." .... ny iniu. 1 a thirst for _ 1 join a. for rot hovin~ doone hil'. come to dOlI>. ly.. ubjects for pupil. in dOI'i ..tud~nt' who ar. " " ... uccessfully compkte a <kgree course ? do you call .. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Whal are tM core .".... inc. .he'. ilJld he doc.n lc>w n.. rot ""'n I. 0" no.tu<knt'. very intelligent but .. Ihat yo" didn't complete ? If you could take a degr~ course now. Tho ""Iy ti me he (3 ) " '"''''''''' '''''' ''''''' " . vioor. I WOllid be .com to undcr. he 11" vi .". at primary school in your country? What would you say a'" the most prcstigio"s scats of learning in your country? Have yo" ever signed "p for a cour. agility. Harvard. " . I-Ie Joe. e.". entence wilh its ending.... bo. WOf< and "'" huped he rni ~ ht (6) __ _ __ ________ • IOCbolo"hip_ How"".. i. improvement.. .chool h"""... no( 0 :. tivc .-. exam we had tn re~d six set ! am so proud of you for managing to get full Your work i. for example.. intu . t )'0"'"... .. ability reqUIrements. tudy medicin e there but it'..."cure a place at university in your country? 17.. .the cC>ll e ~ .. --__ _ from ""1><x>I Wc >Ie YOI)' c<-r>CCmM .2 Match Ihe b eginning of each ...... " .li on funller. wMn you . ... f . . place. nd yot he no...Exercises 17.. very hard to get a r or the first yeu Shakesp"a".. Whetl he doc. . """". 0 (4) . mon lh U>._ .". in th~i r thirti~s or old~r? a re. 1 2 3 4 5 6 What What Wh at What What What happ"u.. not """Ill .dlo. tc un hi" lessons. " You" .inly nut c... . • (' l __ '" ..-en meet tb. ..Wx! the Yo'""k .w. impro''' '''''''1 in r et.. n n r Mr:u>d Mrs Wolf. !II 3 his . ....cen in lown in . (8) _ _fo'. di uP1'"i"'in~. [)eh . . the Soroonne and Cambridge University ? do you call children who are particularly intelligent or h~ve Sp"ciai taie n~? do you call .. been designed to enable pupils to demon'trate th eir I hop" to study tM.' " ..i.e a dictionary 10 find differont words to complete each collocation.1 h" been :.ru<knts whose marks a r. th e Sorbonne and Cambridge University? kind of p"ople teach at Harvard... " school "'Gularly >Lid '" pu l muro olTurl into hi. .5 U.her) 17..ing e'CIJ ..ole < """. . 4 proven. leXls... attOlllion (2) _ -. " lie will a. Thi.." he " """ to (7) __ _ __ _ "" . pl . ><00.. but I may not be able to meet th e entry heart.. . .. .Il001to di >e-u" this _ tu.nl 1'0< Oll. ny holt>. .. lu t )'< 01' tbor< I'l ".k Althc-ug b h< ha. ... always excellent? 17.. what <ubj ect would you like to readi Wh~n docs the academic year beg in and end in your country? What do you need 10 do to .. unlo.." .....ratollll if YGlI could co". " " Oll}' qu<" ioo' or rogLO<'" . he i.n. ma rh .... had little formal I've n ever found it easy to learn scientific formulae by I'd love to . .. ling ony i n tc~e't in .. education . c""..

.."" working ~poI Msis ' '"iIen you beg:n YOlir study.rion but nc fail. which con.x~ienc. xamination and judgcmont of wmothing....I rTIltle.= 'No "'f do ' . xomination which quality a.. . thwry which ~an be u". .000· _ d roport. to tackle all of the issue. read the OOvice OIl rtuarcJI 1ItIic5' in f1e depOl\meflt hmdJook.i. 5e ~t a ". I vtry strong and forcdul 1 .. It confront! i!sue...m of standard. but.. This essay cannot give ~n exhaustive l ~c~OUnt of dimate chang~.. of free market economic! and makes the case for privati'ation of all . Too is not ~ rn ply a ~ilfM'ItIY 01 your background reading. case for . (informal: doing) a 'y.. Al l sb:Ients art e. I " A key section of your repon wil be a lileral\ft re'o'iew. ' o! ile most imp<. NOT .nc...a levd..tate-owned industr. a critical ~nalysis5 of international trade agreem~nu. since the people with first-hand' knowl~dge of those event' are no looger living. how to test these theories_ Although Krisrov's book covers a lot of grouud. Note lh. argumont is that such an account caunot b~ wriru. cont~jnjng "dvicc on bow to tackle a ""earch project..1>.l>..og] a study which involves nlctrt1!'J1ts or I'OIlJ1leers.u.. yo~ I¥il need to formula. It:( your study.d .<J..ptn oritiq . nature of th~ univer.. • Make SLXe yoo pro~ide'. >all.c .. McGraw puts th. book offers a vigorous' def. Thi • • ssay provid~. "" do rflu . it does not off. . • Wherever appropriale.nts leading to th o civil war.. detaii"!J ti'oeir research project and ~ rtsefltirl!lllei' findings...d prov"iorulily but may chango Other collocations often used in essays.. it focuses only on to sea Ievd:.ni1 evidence." topic in liscussion with )'Our MOl. prov~ i.....reh i. rillion.. ~ full explanation of the ev.rol how "...d directly 'a derailod study or . Tilt ~p<Wl of l'l'\If rescarch ~ to see if)'OlX data ~pports tIw ~ypolhesis!_ If )'OJ are undortilo."s. r=vch. and al\'lay~ back up your ooncILJSiOl1 • . Recent re.. in.earch indi~ates that .hat is discu". )00 ~hookj lay out yoo.ndy begun to formulate new tkocks about th.ually do not ..n.. collocations in boJd. too strong.IlanI boo~s arid arftcles. t<><>d plae.. that opponents of this approach to early schooling han raised.18 Writing essays.k PhysicisTS h~ve ro~.. char1s and dieg ra . Tho big question i..ay l!roue th~ hypoth" is. Tho In".. leaflet given to students at a university. rising very rapidly..:pedoo to ""hm~ " 5.ingle-sex primary educ. where )Ilu coo show your awareooss of curren! ' eseii rch . assignments and reports Preparing for a research assignment Here is an ""tract h:om • study .. xtr. which are of curr~nt importance in devdoping countries.kill. (formal) ~arrying out. reports and assignments Th..". the thrust) of Kti!tov'. revIlr ">:agger"'" ony clain>s I'J'. done """fuily and in great detail • (formal) gi"" J 4 'W. rIIlults in the form of lables. is. tt. don o . Ind""d.mely derailed 'th o main idoa or opinion . u. ar.

... ..taudard..... oot your resullS in tables and diagram" .. 6 The next 'tep was to .." ". t r.. ....d a new theory of inflation in the late 1980 •.ubioct th ..hall not attempt 10 givc an exhausting account of population growth in this essay.earch manual.... (Flll) 18.....1 '"' '" sel~ct ~.. ('IK'T) 6 It is impossible to give a complete explanation of the decline of agriculture in the 1960.. " . .. correct... 7 n.. nd l>it/>lp . not back down irs conclusions with enough convi!ICing evidence ...ny u. The a(ricl e doe..... 3 Chapter 2. CRITIQue) 3 You n""d to read books and articles which give YOll information aboot the .... Economi....... a rationale for the ..... argument is find ~ .n the apprupriate form.. ~ sentences.. hypothesis. K... . "...et of eXp"riments.. a topic.tudies ........Exercises 18..... the lit......... a numlxr of issues which were prev io"...... a ."' ...demic s.. "".... that owning a J"'t increa.... Print ~ 011 .... . .. ... 1 . indic>te p""e"" to" pm_id.........2 Rewrite each sentellce using a form of th e word...rociy in the introdnction to d. of parricipams....ic policy...'our report. for conducting re...ituation from direct experience...latl"..ubmit Correct the collocation error> in th ..is eSlay...t year.. d. ur>dertako tackl ...earch ..rb from the Imx.... .3 Complete each Sentenco nsing a word from the box in the COrrecl form... (HYr<:miESl. of previo". ... the theory by carrying out a . 4 I have ..es life expectlncy by five )'ears. .. . 1 It i... It is impOrlant that we shollid front the i"oe of climate change immediately... 18..... in order to 6nd Out whether the data indicate that your inirial idea wa. the caSe for a dramatic change in econon.. she pot forward a vigorated defence of the European Union constitution. re. " ... ... her findings at an intema~onal biochemistry conierenco Ia..k to ....ts refor"......... analysi.. a lot of ground.. 1 Complete each .. is impocunt ~r ....uI cO/loation<)'OU n<><ice in iL )<lu. (DEml.ranue on urban regeneration and concludes that more research is needed... ... . 8 The book.'" .. .. In her essay."". (El'HlC) 2 You n"d to make an examination and jndgement of the arguments which is very detail......""..ystem of .... D D [i] D D D 18.. 5 The " . I The ... in bracket•. rtid< 0!1 t"" In' . ( MC~Cl\OUND) 4 YOll do th e analysi. for studying the topic in the imroductiou.. Form a. . efiTence using a v.. .... " . ) 5 All the imerviewees were p"0ple who had knowledgc of the ........ object... 9 The lecturer . th~t public Imnsport can never r~place the private car... Then number the events in the order in which they would occur in real life.. uit....... a huge ta..4 1 2 3 4 5 6 Write a . .arch are described in the universiry'.mdy involving hnndred. Make the ..... .. The "ust of Torsten'...ly ignored..e e>say ... ..... 2 Fischler .

pl.. LflIVUlJ " ..who'd m"'-'i ed them ~ven put in~" appearance4 ! Ttoly asked me "1<>nII too and It was lovely.=~_... ...110001.w.i'i<..imply want to wine and dine' new busine" contact.they thou ght 30 yea".."oily to celebrate something toke oul ior dinll<r and drinks "IT~.. ~"= "" _ <lt1illlO<4 '" ""..n... orial ev.rt..i.ke C~~10 II.D. _ 01". ~C". non-'top "... Formal entertaining '0' ( ' _ .cu.n'l last long .'itt )'OU """ Y"" ' ...y..>IT time. . '" .3Opon. .. t~ r del!nltely called far ft ce]"brotiDn J .. ~nt out for a mM] to .... S".~ by c~lIing us Of) 1327 5547655 or by booking online at www. W.. On bt]". ...stU Rokt Pennist()ll. the 15th-century Castle Hotel i...-~ C..'..~ .er.er'l"'Y .com. tn".Social life Organising your social life ...3Op>" til 1O. local ""stauran!. a sp~ci.'..."rpri' e . II. what abctut yoo? Is lir."y 110..ing n~ppcn" w. pare_ on 5uo'Idlly.. .. _ .hc... ".."U Co. " " "" "'ida~ 27 J'ly.""". ..-HI _ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ How wa~ your weekend? My old sch~ friend Emm .. ~ ..nd welcoming ~.."... 4. _ ftUpl io" ['" 0"' .. _CVV\... """""'" "'''' r<~i.Jl~niston. resta urant.- "I""''' '" " ' . .)'OO "". "' m". pl:>ee where a public e\'ellC or m..L].. and Function Room can be re..i L bli..ner."""". Ii".." vic". ''''' ~".. .~ Com". Our 24 bedroom " thr ...1 [00' yoo """ ""I< .. formal) a V~Ty friendly ..... in a convivial atmospil".."".."" [0 b< hekl ~ . t.1 <oil<tg"'" .")' .. '" _1~ r'~"'r Ii . '" '''' o!"". me ont tru.nJ h .111 . or Whether you are planning a formal party..___ I -------. ". 'I".castl.... . .. ~ ..t."c .. Anyway. ~ f~mily gatilering' or .<] f:_)' 1l>l1.50 ~y decided to throw a party for them. . O~'~~==~==~=======~ ~ !i~~~.lIor r:>lOl. We ..d Permiston International Youth Festival t _ Coo"".-onol r... the perfect venue 5. r". Pa.! "."Ucl~ providing the focili'ic" lor 2 J soci~l '~'nI where ~ family com tog". . She i>nd her brother wonted to 5pring II surpri5e orr' them for their JOth weddlrl\l annl. come on • flying visit 1.... u~u " 1 busy social whirl'? Do yoo 51. lei "" Ib" . . girls' night out 00 SiKurday with a couple of other flieM •..~. wh ich W05 fun ...rb=""....mkioog .. it th~t d"". time where people can give their complete am mion to each other • hrid and vcry hmy visit . short timt ' 10 . . (.nt. b.... NOT . CO"". So much for me sticking to my diet! Emma was oore for a ~urprlse patty for he.. We ho d . .mo<pnt re .]r "'-'10" r""i".he cOO'Ies it woo't t>e <ueh a whirlwind "Isit". appropriate • c~mc jnst for. They had It at ~ hotel neElr th<llr house and invited all their par-er'ltS' o ld Irie'I<k n..!. celebration wa.i]. [0 i".'j. M. [(001 7.( of . ] o.ij " '*' wedl)' rbnnio! """'ing...I1 go clubbing evet)' weekend? Clllire rea"¥ I ~ vi.1 occasion w'th a fun almo'ph""" I was just 5(>rry I oouldn't spend much quality time with Emma ..b. blot she pmmised the ".r......."ldlO jol." 100 11_ " ~')' OX " .. .. I 100' ...

. hce.. a . < a mad social hIe.3 R.'.it or playing ho..I givu! call...e th. opposit. ee you there.. f"r a cdebTation! s W. a vi. 7 . Then say whether the scntcrtcc you have wrin. by the w~y.. Ihey r. planning to come.tive wro .. _occa.. holding rhe Olympics iu2012. S"ki: Oh. opening of the Arts 7 Crap<ley Park i~ a gr~ot pla~e for an omdoor concert..\1y <isteT's life is a COnstant 5paial! active I sodal whirl. write each sentence using a collocation from th.. Da.. 3 London i.... rcstauron t ha. 1 M)' parents haw alway. 19. n is mo. great.t to friends at your own home ! 6 a whirlwind visit from 0 Irimd._ """'"''''''' ' out and invjted lot. And even the MD put in an (4) . a really ill"" gesture for the company to (21 .. 3 It's quite difficult to hold on I keel) wilh I slick to a diet when you're eating out with friends. that I hadn't s.ring a t~ke~w~y Or caring om? 2 plain food or rich food? 3 haying a famlly gathning or hoving a barbecue with frieIKis? 4 giving a dinn« parl)' Or going .... 2 My aunt came on a quality I whirling I flying vi<it I~S! w.. I p/<i).toys fur 0 w eek? ~ . well I wa. (. cotr... ... so m"Yed.. feel v".. ~ m~ol? S paying your Iri~~d.\1 ~ .. How wa. HapP? Birthday.ll it and he wa . 2 Th .2 Choo.. ga~e I made I had my friend. 1 We could go to a nightclub later. of friend. nts' artwork.. from tM oppo.. a part)" for him like that. r. fe~ti\'aL 19.'e: Was it a (6)..tir....it our exhibition of stud ... Dave: Sound. S T h~yC to go to a formal function on Thursday. that take...d ho..i()l1! Suki: Ye<..n th .. (11.ally wined and (31. h"p" you will give I finJ I spend time to vi. "rd.....ek .' (71 .. it was my birthday and my frieTl(is had arranged a girl. 4 You've pa.ite page.n my friend..ok. 9 Athen< lhrew! gav.d your exam! Wdl. 6 It's important to try to 'pend pl enty of we/com' I ccmviviall quality time with your family... ."t to. ! Whot hoppcmxl to you? I wa. or 0 rel. . Yo" should hove S<."~ hi. nc reoJJy had n" ideo al:>u.ct collocation. 4 She h ..t to the first mo<krn Olympic Gam . 19."ally friendly atmosphere.u rp".e on me too that <ame night." or l~" fOTln~1. en for ag . It wa. Bill'.. in 1 896. hut th..4 Which do yon prd<r: 1 when you 're too tired to cr.. S"k. 1 r:omplct~ the umve(Sation word..url'ri •• d not to .ment pany? Dave: Great. 6 We invite you to join. 8 I recommend you pay I sp""d I go a vi<it to th e folk museum whll e you're in Dekbu. us.. fun at th.... page.? welcome.Exercises 19.

he ny •. Any odvice? o o iert.tion promise.t put Ihi"ll< "' <impiy os I could.:y ' ''''rted to bombnd me wIlli que5tlons'. .ubject 09ain ond t ~ nnally . .-~~~-------------------------------rl .hOllldn\ believll .20 Talking Types of language and conversation idle chatter.rk made in order to .. d wa s g o in~ t o ~ ~ problem. y ~ '~ rd a y obout my p l~n .O"~ f.!rotIi . today u•• Il>IJ<h mere t... lI v I managed to bring up the .nythin ~! Thot'. I '''''rtQd oxj>lal nlng how b. ."".rioumess to " pOInt of Vl. no mtent"'" of '""'ping dillk"lt qUOst"" to on.p • • kQr .... A.. ~. b egm a dISCUSSIOn of a d.. in which the s ~ake . very noisy place.-.' lor leaving and ju...:. u boo "n~ "... te .tlon.h~ngc pleasantries' or . .. If you are in .... for example. (form."" four lett . to hold a cODvorsation when ..!. uggests Il>I. t ort e1ITning. So I'm nol.. for dro»pirl9 out of univ .l) m~1:. it can become impossible to carryon a coDversation of 20Y kind and it is a lso hard for parem .. job with .hore are small children in the rOOm. dly 1 wMt~ d to . y<>u !<now. "".. 1 So~ conversations arc not scrious.w..~".OU5Iy. (informa l) interesting k caus.. deg ree ? h......" -. K. just e. t ort."'ttoT ope<1ing gambit wa.""" an ~mpty promj •• She'. ju. """ 01 tl1 ~ m would ch~ng e Ihe subject... n\)'OI. shocking or p"rSlln ..e •.. Evontu.de without thinking promi.. tou. of con. lhey CODs..""" whot to do n ~ xt.h promi'Q Oon\ moke"11)' rash promi.. f<>eIings wili>oul u.oon .. " losing the argument is not important a ... . ? Wh.I. t ""orted m""in g broad g e neralisations about th e Dad didn't li<t~ n to my importance of e ducation. you.. 'IOu .. You may even find yoursdf drawn into 30 ~rgumcnt. toboo words (""'ny of whkh ..wear word.ubJect'.dI.'. ~v . .e..h stronge. they . for orh .. d 10 lake me UC..W J . It wo. A. ""..o ·· H. Rumours arc always flying around in any society.. hare juicr go. I tliod not to overstale my ca.. "".. - 0" . w.:.d . Do I re. it i.e polite conversation . meaninz . ! found it ve ry hord 10 broacb I"'" .'" four-letter word •. s If they we re de liberote ly trying to ~void ". fuI of empty promi. dI "'O<1 ~ 1fo1J! . . .). '" En~ ish) o ". ret queotion. • "".~I. give too much importance or . fOuI .I1" opening gambIt. exchanging new. nl on and on lor obout holt on hour bel'ON 'telling mo to drop th e subject . Adjective + noun phrases a>IIocotion b . [w' !">le d to talk to my pMe nt. ..Io? Did 'r.. But th~n tt>t. Some peopl e always want to win 3n argument.rnghi"ll t h ~ .. and 'proadiog rumours.k me lot.wear word • . ch ~ r. o thot I w<>uld get a mud> bette . r . .imply enjoy . ~ exQmple TV drama. Pleaw 'I)' to ""pro. nd neve.. . whic" th o .'t of Managing topics . • tough qU""ion ..e •.2It would I <... hi.. "You'". Fi ".. good discussion.tronll"/foull"nlluall"c thon t hoy did ~O Y"'" ago.. ~ n .. disapproval 'han ba<J Of . ity but [ d ldn~ have much Iud. of que. Why did 1 re" 1 1y wMI to I .ip a bout their friends and colleagues.fficult lop lC ... Think befOl"o yoo ' t'" • • 10 anythi "l:.t 01 a ll. '~"' r to it " ~ ai n. But sometimes when yeu engage SOmeone in conversation.tort 0 ronve". """d . it may ~com e more serious_ Yeu may open your heart to 1M ~rson you arc talking to.

. .. collocation. question..) Th ere are rather a 101 of rude words in the play. he leaves the room.">GuA("'i Such gcncr~l statements tend to be rather mcaningkss..t all hi.. . exchange take 5 four-letter 6 tough 7 rash 8 opening promISe gcneralisations gambit qUOSlton seriously word gossIp "~. (EIROAD) Tbe way he began the conversation look me by .. .thing else.'omc idling chane!. (k'MHY) You mllSt give due importance w the lab'.. Ik subject of Our marriage with our parents.ubject.. 2 I think it's time we ... Correct the collocatlon crrors in tb .... 20... 8 1 felt so ill I~st week that I could barely .why can't you just.... your id eas seriou. .... (DROi') Sam has a habit of promising [hings that he has no intention of doing..ly unless you present [hem morC 3 No one will.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 S 20.. the argument ~cause 1 didn't know enough about the .... 6 I've ." that people were spreadins ~bout your bo.....'. attempts to cngage me into conversation. ..... 5 Whenevcr 1 try to ... Complete each sent.cy're Sure to ask you some .. subject of moving to London..'pili unkind rumours..ed to hearing well-dressed young peo ple using language in public places. .... ...nce using a word from the box in the appropriate form.... " .aid I'm <orry .. (SUBJEct) Did you kat the rumou... {OYERSTATI) Could we please statttalking about s"m. (CA""lT) The children nsked me lots and lots of questions about m)' trip. I don't like discussing things with people who always want to gain every argument. up tr. at your interv~w bur you can rake time to think bdore yo~ ~nSwer..... 4 My mother can't get u. My mothcr always used to tell me n(){ to .. (SoRIOU5LV) It's l:>cl:tcr not to spend too long trying to make )'our point.. 7 Tf.3 . feelings to anyone.1 Look at A....4 Rewrite c~ch sentence using tb e word in brackets.t .. We had a very cnjoy~ble time ju. I usually find it ~tter n()[ to gct driven into an argument with Paul.ining in the park enjoying ... (u.. ".. 1 2 3 4 Plea.. la't ycar? (FLYIl<..Exercises 20.. effectively.. JUI<=Y 1 broad . safety regul2tions..... [""e never talked to him much . a conversation.we've done no more than ch~ngc plc~s~nttics.. He finds it very difficult to open his hcad ~nd talk about bi.. 20. ... I managcd to [esi.2 It can f>" hard to carry out a serious eonversa[iou in a noisy room.. the subjcct.entenees."" "...top talking about this subj e~t inunediately.. (SOMBARD) 5 6 7 8 9 10 . s. brOach ••• tOugh 1 I...... ....urprise .... Match the twO parts of th e.

r.".r into tolk. staff. and hope.. r. Th. working. cnn[.i. of day for watching TV .lly agre.~.. delive"d me<sages between people who were rdnctant or . hav.cn managerne nt tried to introduce new working condilion<.ECJ'lON' F '---~--------~ G B MINISTER RESIGNS FROM OFFICE ~"~"~" P~"~'~S~'~"~'~S~S~"~"" ~~i ~ g~"" ~ I( lIL\R REGIME TOPI'Lfl)' ARMY SEIZES POWER c D E PARTY SECURES SLIM MAJORITyl H 1..nno"".. Slap ".su<c ond hov. d Long5i<ie car faLtot)' have lin.maille to .:nr. in the city Ln support of l.n<iem orbitr.1 demonslration.F. an ind .".. Worke" h..-ed into on agreement not to show ". bowed 10-' puhl.c~rch'_ Following thc robb ery of ovet $ lOIll from its main ciTr branch.Fr t'KOCLAIMS VIL'TORy5 DECLARE HUMILIATING DEFEAT I J !"IlESWENT DELIVERS KEY SPIT 1 I officially .. to I" united ..ong:sid . Managemtnt dcscribed th. -- j . h2' ac1cd os a go-belween' and h. Management and work~..eon ..Ull violence on prime-time" ttlev.em to talk. that an ekction will take pl aa < ljournahstic) !!la de to f.21 News Politicical headlines A PM CALL~ APRIL EI.n~ng 'given in to • most popuT~r tim. the bank has offered 0 suh"ilntial rcward to "nyo~ providing information leo ding 1o the recovery of 1M mone~'.... who has not be"n ..rching 'n ove formal discussions in tbe hope of coming to an agreem.<oon reach ab'llOLment. eUl. tI. Ill. but lh o" arc CUTrcntly ~o phn5 to calJ off tile ..!Jici .h." prc:.cncs of f..ion. an ."..-..e.cmmont) 1 publicly appear.icgrcc ot cemors!Jip. .ful. They will hold a pres. journalisticl moles/givc<" speoch News reports Th e polic~ hove I""n carrY)ng: out " nationwide "~r(h for ll·year-old eh. r < arr. succccdcd in brokcring4 an ay""".· had found SOme ..c trouhk broke out on Saturday night at the hDtd where ht wa. 'fait.peak to c"ch orh .oy .. l anno"nc"m~m of vicrory • (formal.. 50 far proved 1\". d to ont. l". This evening they annourlCed that the.n<:t lare! trxlay whtrc thcy will exphin their deci.1 clue..ionlo ""po. nt .c growing that they ". Tlowev. TV chief.ha. t". situalion "a tesl of <lrength and union attempt> to nogoli2te 0 Stttb".j.. di'pute am" >ome wttb "go wr.ve hel. thc trOllbJ.!11 (o! regime or wins a "nnll majority go\..

en the . in each pair.• • ach sentence go with? Two of the headlines are not m ed.he P<OUH>C" '0 try to (2) It." would app"ar to hav e I". diiforonc.. brew... demand to hold a rciercndun •..0.... anny" Sfrength. She pmmis.~blic r. lhe Mini. 4 The politioian d. has d~ddeJ that he wishes to 'p"nd more time with hi. . recent political troubles . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 lhe I're."T C" . 21. ("Ron ) The polioe a re .. ("COWRY) The polic~ will ""t . . .iug the word in brackers.. between tl.3 Rewrit~ each sent<nc< u. film iooc'try with "'gam 10 d>e deci. in the islaud kingdom of Grammaria ond the country's popular monarch now f"ces exile.. 5 The countrie .m .ech. 3 The woman ha.how of r). hioh wos bro"oco.eovered the due which led ro me stolen jewel< bring found."e derenive di.. will try to come to an agreement today.co-dom'xutic Party aDnounced ir had won r). were on ho~day when tn. ISETIllMENT) Tod" y tMusand . " . dispute have al\re.ed (0 appoint on independent negotia(or (0 (6) "-.. on "" . 5 The l. (0 hrok.tarted.!ric. (HE'-") 21. entence. The fir" lette" are gi~en to help you.. stTCngth. 1 A military coup has takeu plac. liv~red a passionate ' pocch. Governmem's Dew education bill was rejeered.nancc. The wOman ha .leT (5) h.oWH» Early thi' morning th e F. minister iD charge of !. a test nf t he army'...en healed.. -0. 1"'''' 21. 2 The police have found vital cllJes. Governn".d to enter into talks. .. ben~ ."iono. a~ in whid\ .. (r. nffered a .2 Complete thi..4 EJ<pJ~in th.11 (h e hope ..<. n-.. . n-.ats. w""i<J ...onservatiy e.:. offered a suhstantial ""ward Inr the return of her cat. ..00'" lor: I>oid 0 .Exercises 21. 4 Previous rifts br f\vee n rival miDi.. " " . ~'" (8) T . '''" (7) l' . a . 6 The country will now I". '" '" ''' '' ' . 'lhe CDunrri" involved in the di' pute have ~ntered into an ag""em ent.th Wm~ of the headliDos iD A . have .".ignihcant clues. elenion.. n ew<!.s helow come from the sto.c 10 U.. 'The poli tician ". (VICTORY) The pol.1 The sontenc. going rn the polls snmewh~t e~rI"..-r to fOld ex"" <010.te.id ent has finally agreed to the puhlic'.. ..traUd rcbellions have achieyed their aim of overthrowing the country's dictator.rod tl".e G"\'eIlIU . th. \Vhidl headline II"".( (4) on p t ..'.arching the whole wuntry for the mis<ing boy.. "'. .mall reward for the return of her cat. . (1) d .01 . .."p'" item "'ith collocatiom from thc oppo. " " '" " '" '' ''' ''' '' OIl film . family. 3 Paul Cox. of srudenrs demonstrated again" m e increase in fee<. " c..r than anticipated. polioe hav~ found .e... . 8 The CDuntry has voted th~t it II{) longer wishes to be r"led hy its 19th century colonise.ucc~cd~d in gaining 200 of the 39(1 ". " "" ... 7 Widespread and w ell-orche. 2 In I"'t Dight's vote. ..~.ade a passionate .. I. Aher 'he 'I"'<oh. involved in th.. (CAR RYJNG) The rwn partie.r. .top ""arching until the child has hocn fOUfKL (CALL) W.io" lO 0) i.c "'Ily is a . 1 The rally i. d.ite page." t Iligh! the CllltilTe \-lin.lI lIld the fiwl i1>d".

1110 NII'..o reqo"" made bee.. 011 hi.irIC I cuino in our dr..on."".t:a<la-oflloc o.."..lllvo< t.. ~.ejKI.y.t.u.. 1 <Ior_ "'" i' rMI' bl ""'''''' itt jIOOit\oll. '" ex..."treati • • 1"'l11lonl .I) humbk 1 "om~Jy ..'' 0 "'<. • ''OCiWoo.........r .. d cirrulate I'I/I'I'II:>Un to 'The 1nci<Mnt h. be «fu>e<I poj.. nl 0( I~r .. ' whIch h"" "'" '.._ ".".22 Current affairs The collocat. lly ill in I I'''''1t< oo. l) """lioOl • (form." . '" ""'" dinenll"'C _ice.. .... the politi<i>" reoIy mum to jus' • on un.h ...... . ohtroili .-• .l/IMIi\.. (Nlhl I (io"" . 1"'01*..".".. grieV'HlCo odjfl<lM> .. 0 _" . .......> Iw-ill !itt_lied " .. in this unil.t ... in 0t'4« <0 PIIlfe p<l1>IK "".rIc which should no< bo .TId....&""" to wor.lIy \lied in the now. "" . b«.~ the party ..pital /<>Il""i<o£' ""'I... 111<)"'" .......'oiy b<~ . Current affairs in t he press C<>Io. "' .. .id . When CO "'" vote...0. _ . and re actions in connection with c urrent affairs _ b .: M. d_.... ""1inz ¥Ci<c - 0_ I _~ WorI<eI'J"""" a ir"d th e ir grlewanc. "'nco.."' to .....e new. ...1t*> willlWt "<by.-' e PI.tIon tJ. 1 ._ttlNIlIO II ....~ _ bi< p'"""..._ pusIono.'" lyp.n turtlloo..1ilo hM..1". _ ""...."t ~ .lth "fher b".. . ~ "" """" (Iormol) C1IU ..nd ~1l. to rtpe'.. oIden ..toy In !hi> toor\lry 1My~"'" t...1..y hi> pa. in (Iorma~ <hoatrn wkh ""~'" ~~.... f"'"o .. '~l ..... ! .II _ t_ q c<>mrnenL thinlo..11 bt f""I.e 1IO. <""Pie m""""..omq-_...dau nt '0 ri".. IhM! . """" • d .m'r....... ""... bo~... r-.. of mioI<OIlio" rho oIoi:t . ...O<C<~ k !'11m.' 10... n...'" h... olc On ""pInwioo 1m iii:! behmo .. M ... I<. rt .. d..ctlon..".c. - - (fonnaI) perIOOI... ~ Kci te d ..'IIIil.1 f'Db6s1." the aiTpcrt went ..o ~ ""'~ e>pp<> .ouod. 'n...n f_ 1>0' _ aI u...... Rq\O!l. '"n"" b«n te"\'. n. _ ..b~nd........I: -..'''.e/"..... (Iormal) cornpIak1ecI - .1'. _ OO~ Our 10<01 M ~" ."leJ • (for .hood. in hi...rRrl 10. Ius lolly ..<IM""" ".~iY /or hi< dioonI...1"''''''''.ty ~ pus"".. ><cite ~otion The .w1. wndillOn .. ". <>I'~ 1 laloo hsuo with """'" pcOl'IU .d.. II" vi ......'io... ofi. "a:..! rod..puul...... rk" _Inl pw toriu l ...."".>!"in . I) :askiog po:nnission Feeling!..idtd.. """" Woo&u..>pit.........I'oouc <t.ldod ~ll' " ('''' PM clorif......... oir .. Th.t tho IN)' boo about to divOrco. "pel...... r riv~t..... m~di . l) c()mplttdy dmiN • lro . t>. hOI .... .'" 10 >toy.t1'''"'''' _*. '"'.on -">lKIy . gi""" <"'". nd.. _ _ u..~ ><><neon< m mothing io<Jdly ond ptJbIidy .: f'l..IIow<\. "'hfl M« ... infcrmAuo. Il:. Ho M> <I<... r". <>pp_nt of h".ooed • ".. vociferou. _ I<2hd Iht '<0<)' to tho ptei.... "'uctu ..po... ot S"....fO"! l""~'''' l~....d I Mnsilivc.. _ 01_...".

. on .. .. ... The politician issued all for hi< derog~to ry com"". Compkt•• och s.ars o f sil.ntence "'ing tb~ word in bradm in tho approprial<" form. Tbc . The rock star's....o lth service rdorm..." of governm.. ingcr ha.. refused blink·point to provid~ a detailing a<:CO\lnt of his action< that night. (nxPL\!l-.) 22. cb.1lt< obout tb. should have the same meaning.rm~""nt re....) g Aft.nlS about th~ town. th" govcrnmcnt's po<ition on h.. .bot.. Clto a s. was The politician made a puhlic .nt but it has thrilkd a lot of spccubtion. to 1 We carri . " " .t .. . " .nce on the iSSfie in the press. n.idence he"" i. with the commit!l"'.. only a throwoff ~omn. with on~ disagreeing voic.. ...t of . " .m involvem. accused bad ocen lmable to pro\'i.uch 3 4 5 ~ 7 g 9 se. . . n-".. ' has strongly ond publicl)' oppos~d the war. ntenee. wa< accused of mi'laying th.r asked the Minis ter to ... S The )'{iniste. every few days ..".~ d th e committee '" .randud ch. film . (CHAR ) 3 Th~ jury fd tthat tb .. _ofth.. 2 It wa. ([}[:>CU..<taL'lCe on tbis matter. film star wa.. town.. The rock star mad e an .....w evidence "ubmerg.s arC now hopdul that the d. r y. I oppQ!. d out mOlkct research to _ to our new car.wr) 7 "Ihe"" have .. jecred the all.1 CorreCllhe two collocation errors in .' r. a<:h .' to why he had gon.. I """"'''''.. ' 'taff the chane" to. tea~h"..tter allow" st~ff to complain o!".. d out market r.. to the house. stanco on this m~tt. 1 Thc committee.king _ for !". which produc~d 0 huge respOll"'. (ORDU) 2 The report. s.bcen a...en mad~. The actoT _on the ~ccu<~tiom tlJOt hod he. ".""".u. _. (01'[10. p'. The new<l. "'''''' "'''''''''" ... .tatl'm.w~r.. motional . _ _ _________________ publicly..k ~ satisfactory ~.andal.llitician's !". The team will post accoun ts of their proW. that had b..ntence. doctOr< ~nnounced t hot th.<.. ". dectorat. \Ve carri .nly about conditions. 00 tkir progrcss on th eir websi t • .be had a financial motive.Exercises 22..n il\~d. "'''''''''''" . 3 As n. '.rson~llin~nciai affairs. when he said that very few migrant workers had bocen hamkd ka\'e to sT<ly in the country. (...'s public pronunciations on lhe affaiL 4 The prine... The team will po. web<. ~ doctors annonnc~d that th.. 1 The film "m.... subj .. 'lhe 'Jctor WOlLld nOf say anything abOlltth.. .ced 49 .r) ~ Anyone "... 1 The "ing. vny ill ind""d... r the public would like om new C~T.UTE) 5 She . '. in the pre'Ss about the p<.. (.· ) 4 Thc C<Xlncil will issuc a _ _____ at t he close of thei..3 Complete tm: second scntcncc using a colloca. (PEJ. "" ..... 22.". lor hdp for th e earth'luah victims produced a huge response..2 Look at A.. voted to take a firm post on lhe iss\l •.~. £n~ Cc&cation< in U•• Mv<"..ion from th e opposite poge. derogatory comm.. equest for the eartbq!1ah' victim.'s son waS arrcstcd for. Both . hool disciplin e will he _ _. Th" nnv"km" gi\'.."' on thei.ting today. .. t..cemly been a nu[llber of damaging """ "" "" " .nt hum bly rogn1ting hi..opk arC beginning 10 q\lcstion the Primc Ministe.sation that . accusation. . nt in the so:.... whetb... beh~viol1r.~..

Y<Slerru). buI too ..... • mu. who "ill uphold I tho annual tradition of playing at • aftho Wden App"" H.1l~ per'lonn dances around a hu ll" I~~ in the main $qua re. O'Kocffc (fJddlc) . I'd like '0 ] )'our !lias""" To &ally of wedd. ar. woold ma. '0 kmjl-R. Jan and blue. d.oUlhern United Stat•• . ..lS] wbich dept:nd on th.ltel< 1m. l . w-< -~mwi"ll "ilion. he iLx)kcd c. )'O!! wont! Tic. ver thOL>ght}m 1i.. H .1y. ond carrying lantern •. c<I1m of. .... l'ili'!len ot HlIft<b:/ hold OIl "". . d a..a.uali)..". Fire . We ha. . are ob..] gu" " jndooe Ann.. . Thi. part of the ' abo m"ke a roaSt • (.. tr<>dido""l d".erving the fe<tivai of Ramadan. mix. alongside traditional "' ''''_ I can refer to any arrangtmem.M Ger Dow". work display as part of the festival.ere i.-al.... "the i>egi'lllir>g of"W'i 5ept.).ncling 1 u-aclitioo.d bli.oont<"tbl. We~rinQ traditional <!rOM.t:>e<..! happin ess through being married t morria~ ceremony) ma"i ed D~ i• . W<I'<I'k U_9 hpI ~ ~ Y' .rtsby. The event.hi.lm and t " now...t"" Differm t religions often have monbl. "OOn wh< n it r<t.rtiviti. .. rowu pUl' on a fi . be In 'estive mood "" Dece<rt>cr 1il1h. a rich tradition of music arid dance in central Swcd.t mall (usuaJly the brid.et> £5 (chilii. Ago>. In a break with lJ"adition this year's Il.ing fund.1 musiti.k fOf rh.. pha. b. famo".dilion. 'l1.->r" .." .es of the moon.m k""l' I.fen to the time around Christm08 and New Yea< Traditional festivities It may be dark a nd cdd.rmg "''11''..stinl will featurc modem dance:.. 1aqe 01 Taft ..ed slightly humorousl).pplo h""""t.o h(>ll "" where Darvcy wa< !>om.IP tlte all"-oId' tradition oIwa. Tho rest"." lor v""m ~ n 0""'. I Thi... . ". n. part of the cultural beritage 01 the .. stival man.1"". .. I'ornul d .'!" which has existed for along time 2~ {informal) get rrutrried • (formal. m . i.. plan or appointment where the date i. col. tho: ""~ of tha .I In. Il).. E. also f.tyIo of clothi.".n API'I"...23 Festivals and celebrations Talking about festivals Belir.u...FutAk FltUlIAi (18 Jutr) Gold.'c a proud tradition of rai. uason'. loe. whic the m.-ery y.111 dr... llestiv.. heWj to colobrot. tho f. d to ti....! ( ~ . for charity throllgh Ollr anllllal tOWll festi. th< knot'.. Co"". n..ttl< V. . which can have a humowu.. fun feslival falls On the third Saturday of July. effect. on" join i..cicl.!..md Ught Festival (18 Dec) I alw k"p up . b. th.. 1 now hayc '''''f . Tho festival oelebrates <" hi"hday of Pac DIIVCY. informal and forma l collocation. d.. and tho yil1'g< ~C>IIlO' 'he "" ntr~ of wild m". 'pecch by th. . This month some of our . flexible A wedding celebration Look 3t thi ."1 'pplo.. bfightty-ooloorlKf hat. th< . .-l<s" the bc<:Jinning 01 tho: le-'i . so h"e goes.nt.ar th."' (gui'ar)... to. t ..... "..tud. whol . frielld) at a wedding.Uy ".hk" dat.". .-"" £2) '($ rr. {ioumaii"iJlitcrory) very old . br. u".ck to tho Mill.. grO<Jm's best or old" t mal. l. year\ <poci. t ". Dot1't <>1 "".11"".d(hol><!! dr. J n.

about weddings. 6 Everyone in tb. y get married? What formal expression i. The le'tive .Exercises 23. with tr~dition. nr intore>tins caloutio<1< in th~ I<xt A P " '~·~"_"" I >ke )'0" . e the" glasse.ase ImanS the nervou. a tr~dit ional da. Om. 23. note oI .? aoo ut people organi sing an exhi bition of . the collocation ClTo" in thc.1 Mmd.. W "'t iolormlU OO in EntIi>l1 c.3 Read th. of W"l. morri~ge ceremony me"ning to D1"rry? Why do people rai .tions 1 ond 3 formal or inform al? up. 23 . pring. a l ehr~tes 50 ye~" of independence. ast mood a. 10 The area i. depending on when Easter foil •.>ce from the region.ignificant reason for celebration.tiv~1 1 Tn this region we h"ve a ricb 3 A group of ~hildron performed 4 This year'. H This region has " 'ipc tr"dition of lo[k singing and d"llCing."ditioo of poetry. musi<: "nd d"nce. hope fo.wer the. ~. of giving lood 10 old er villagers every new yeu . thO[ i. locals and lOurist" join on the fe'tivitie.."ft. 1 All the men wore traditional d . th e tradition.. 3 T he festi .? Aro the two expressions referred to in que. only oIdOl people ob . back hundreds of years. nt day each year? about something that not everyone celebr~le. Th . fe't i~ ol '"present' a hreal: 5 The tradition of ~uol ' inging d"res 6 The p""ple aro determined to uphold 7 The town fwlds its annual 8 Onr viliage has a proud tradition Correct. " find . talking 23. 7 The average oge at which coupl es tie the strings i. famous for ob. " peopl e fed before th.erving a number of age-standing traditions . year. esses consisting of green jacke ts and white trollSers. t. sort? 1 1 3 4 5 Who Who Who Who Who is talking i. n answer the questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Does get hitched mean get (a) engaged (b) married (c) di.: Erik: Ev~n: Grandparents Day is a mo"able fea't. used in tr. festival in . r"e the Festival of the Dead..e remarh by different people. s..2 senten~es. the beginning of the Ce lti<: . "1 is pHt of the region's culnlIal inberit.e its ending. tbe beginning of each senten"" with 1 This year's Kational Day f. 4 Hundreds of people. wa s in (. Now"d"ys.n. 9 Getting joined to matrimony is a .0""tO)' on the I"tornot. the annnal celebrations began.eason mually gets nnderway tow~rds the middl e of Decemk r. . "mmer. Th e harp is part of tbe cu[tur"[ heritag.. ~< it will k held in Moy...bom the beginning of a period of celebration? about something that reprc" nts the identity of a group of people? about something that happens on a diffor. despite oppositio". bout It! M . talking is talking i..I in )'O'J' . talking i. Alicia: Bron a: Monic.4 An. 5 The a nnli~1 'D~y of the Horse' drops On 30 M arch thi . rising.orced? \Xlhat kind of happiness do married couplc.. 1 The festival make. question. Every year we put on a display of t<aditiona! arts "nd . villag.? What do t~e brid e and bridegroom ·tie' when they get married? What is the differenc~ h~twccn maki ng toast and making a lOast? \Vhat p~.

. igtlligtrts ill yaurhai. Yolonelf !>e<:o.eawn'.' goi D<.di~ g gJos"y Jrl"Sa' . Welt End .io. or Mila" d.n ordimry ""~ "". . I've lMed {e. Ih~n from oped.. nre d d ittiu ly h ac!.. in lash.... hi .. So. '.. his yC~l~ Ikth: Well.u.! I1 n hi gh quality papn' with 1.w "p.· IeiSUI'twt'3r ~boll' lO hi' . "lid I WlIS an nally quite happy w ilh hi glo-st rC<:1 fa... .cruci_ti ngly uncomfortable sh<>e< itt th e p ast.ntl ' .. Ol don. $1) I'm hap py 1:0 ~port .signers launched thei r new conr~lion~.tIl.1 f""hion ~rs I !he new fa.". have )'cJU e.I. e~e. b . 100" . b. 1\(1' lid of lines • 1"" on weig'" I (inform:al) fucr. Rq><>rt<'r: Th. a f~$hion ... •• pocia ll y wh en {'"ri.. looking a1 It.:0.ed on . . 10 becoon fon a hle to wear too. alw"Y$ wt"~" fl.... a child. in London'.... did you buy d~gr>ct label dot""'? 1Ieth: O h .1 foUl! can't quile bc....I' ~IDnnillg '~ of n .... at OUr ".md I think ii'S I\oinjt to be 3 hus~y populi. Repontr: Son wh"1 ~ould w. 100k J and K tli llR 1M t..1 them clodl.dW .1 'ooking a' . ~ Interview w ith a fashion model to you: DajSYOlI w ill bring out th e ~ nat ....\...'1' of photO:! •• . idicoloo . «. Reporter: A nd tl OW ~')1l arc t~ olle .... . rj ~r.~ per""" w h."II I>.d ... in ch~iMto<O$ .] ieve fl . .bion:l ble • bee.. " fford 'hem...nee r wa.hat flat shoe. Reporter : And :u yo u g' ..t'.'klUu·' Both : Well.·so:)' Rcpomr: Would yo~ S~)' that fashion hn....hion'.'..ruon >lyk • sta~ng tilt' b shion .. nol l could.o me . houghl . !:'JOd.Advertisements and fashion The languilge of adve rtisements lojoy the unri~II. 1'ltotOS an •• !lluling Ollt who. . fiI:II if thq .""" """'la bl... in fn bi on! I ma~zine< print •.. ~ IWlI.e n~ ~d~=·'n fl. 11'. Rut I 1.. howino.I" high .lt of "~ri~...nows on T V.here.. 11! The new .! ad... 1 mll~' admit I' ve worn . .end"! lkth: T haI'. . be ""'''ring .."'. k" lhen!l... .n I dothe. An~ it.'.Itc..'er I.....~..)'~ bct:n important Ilclh: Wdl..<l lfcnd M: sa'" cominjt u..

........".. o~p or a hanana if you're feeling a bit 4 We guarantee that you will see inst. magazlll"..... S Ollr ne w shampoo wiJlsubtly hring (".. ..... _1Dr SM\e !me.. ......_ . .... where they emertained uS in grand 9 At the airport .. SUch adap(at"""" Iur th\) (S) h..... is aboo.:h .'" Health Hoter.-~ . wrinkles. and New York.d. . . ...col".. 11ons (4) t .t tk high lights in your h..ol h. "'* 24.df a couple of glossy 10 Thi. pound. 1 1"WI A near you. . 8 Our new concealer will make the Jines around y"ur eyes di...... Usc a diCf:iOIJary (sec Uoit 4) to lind two more.. shampoo to revi~e yo~r oun-datrulp..r. Vibrant..ally possible to banish 7 The hotel gi~e< all it< guests 'k ~hance to experience gracious 8 We were invited to a banque t... a nd adopted for the mass market. hair. 1M _ """"... 14.. .. oed .. ...~e to make the fangl1age typical of ad~er[isement'.2 Match the heginning of each sentence with its ending. . . but they III""" us al 10 -.. ..... 4 / / .. 1 I don't o. ....." are (3)new SIlIl"OlW ~t....lieve those ad. . mber "I restaurants in Pari.. fIOt carry designer (7) t .. . Complete this anicle from a fashion m"ga~jnc IIsing collocations from B. ...._1 ••'1 stunnirl~ r..appear..... _-..I 10<1"..4 !J Find thre~ collocations for each word.. One io in thi s uair. The first lemrs are given to hdp you.. .. part of town i< famo ns for its classy hotelo and exclusive 14.. . .. . .... .. . So there's r·o nl'>ed to be a fashlor1 (10) v.. un rivalled \ a\:. f look at A. 4 We manage a nj. .arnnt~e you wiff be impressed by the oeryic..nt re.....ed 6 Sometimes I wi sh it were ".. pm"ici"d by . . \ e"cru~iatingly< 5 la".. 1 These "itamins have o.......ir...0-. : ...Exercises 14............ _ . ~ ..... ....... 7 We g1. ... ..... The Par ...3 pecki'h. ... ::J in (1) 01 kl (2) b. last _ at the f'Iri. ults with our luxury hand 5 You ...... III! are OOllIider\t thaI this wi l be a hu\IeIy (9) p....... .. .... .. .... .......11 Om hotels. Of" online corpns 2 :llXury / .. .. Slyle.. ... 6 Om lipotich come m • T>mg(' "f col"ur. Add a word to ~ach scnt".. IIIIIIr. l Our ..... . 3 Enjoy a weekend of luxury at tk High!.....~n pro~en to protect the body from winter viruses. properties.... <lesigns . too c <>l . -.u ... . boO: &t ~ It .. .h onld use thi...1!f'd . 1IINDn _ .. cost only 24p.n. restaurants. . . bving..ion..>o. that cla im th eir crenmS have anti·ageing 2 While working in Austria I ...te so many lovely cakeo that 1 piled on the 3 Why not have a bowl of .. .....he bought her... cteam. . _ elegance in mind . .. dosigns instaflVy (5) s.

ble wheel wnh • .llic.. I\>l i'" "Y "ollie. l". ithor c m!...n'. Ih vcr~ like SIl"wlxlflfding bee' Ll S< )'ou'".oL1 14...11.ccome bs .. I p. my iIlsID:tor mnng w\lenever I grind the gears'..·... Idorm. t.. N17 ..then you coo drr. Tb" Sicle'.nc\oao. 110 rw no cI'oice. 1lXI. d... on . Ii""'.n..n .te a i nlid' drivi"9 ~cence.. I ~:. Perhapii I : stnJid have opted \:) learn 00 an automatic ca~ cat . "". bock' ". d io dnwn' (il] .idewa)'. ~fi P~LI~===========--------=-a ~Jo~ . 1b< c)'di" . . left A new kind oftr21nsport A bike Il has been h:liled :IS d".. road.ry close lc~elh" • gradually lJ... ffic. many .-er ... and is not eXp"c"d to 0"'0 off" Juring tho ~cxt .h::ol iI'...."y.!\ ""ck in tr . Learning to drive o ~ Nina. junc'..1I .1>r ..i "" ror i ~ )'c=.. gradually Ix:come kss (simil . forming ' long qUl'Ue .ual l maJ<: to t.iL1~ di . roo ~r:.me .et of ho.<.~ is \..n tio....10.. : I had to remember to keep 10 lhe left instead of \:) .crtly din"f'Wd' to. .. .J~ sideways...mri~ . .. first moJ<>r dndo~ . "...go of OXIDO. it< ..fnc b.e anytt'i ng after yoor test OrNing lests orE ! ilWfLl. iED\.~' ad.lt wa! a nightmilie.".." J~.\~ '''i~k i ~ of T..i<nt. "JJILO 1""'1'10 like the foci til"... 1 ____ .q _ _ in". needed a current UK Woence. Ho""..rod I went right! I'd . lw k.~oid gmi.uund Wpm.. n' to ... to die down) < . 9cl. St) wol' 0. o Mudl better \:) learn on a manual I'm Ie~ to 00'"' at last! Al ile jctJs Iwant req. m. <>ocomin~ Ir.. I OOt the last IeSSOll didn't go 100 wei . ho.. .11 hand. I:ilon".·e.. .. Getting into reverst i.. poarticuOnly hard and I coo sen... MSl mot(lr"'~h o""n~ to acc..'mhlc th. u-. currrnd~ .Traffic and driving If """Ie Trnffic problems T"irLC!.ct~d ".". for the of the day.uHie ..ke a Jifferent ".id. ". -lb.. The exam ~ r leWd . rm hopng I to lake my driving le....-'" . foJlnwillg'11 "ccitkm no"..st Su dium or.vy tr.ayy traffic j . hour>.. I'm fmng ~ real to' hard \:) c11~ nge gi~r. ai hil:.. . I remember rn ne wh en I carne to tlie UK and . "" are advi sed to ay()id the "'"~ os h. a wheel witll "".___ _ I currently 1\1 US' or accc pta ble l cha ngo goar touJ>bly and nOISIly change direction slighTly rowa "d._.. That "[fOld. n<J' '11 through the "ill...""". expccroo on .'. lJiJle 110s a s". ill hicycle oc.. mme maI1oou.. lhuugh it will '''''''' win you toc Tnm de I'...g/1!.c is ft<1t exp.'enteJ from c". doe.fli. tn the match if you w. me t> bear left' at a . lb. huilding np On all avproach 'oad..co ' "'... . 1 in 000uI four rTYlIllhs' l illi!... Currently.. 'i nning a.nt.mctbo. never <iiVM a rlght-hand-<frlvt car beloce.

Exercises
25.1
Chome the Correct collocation.
J After the accid ent the traffIC failed I tailed I held b"ck for more than five mile_. 2 The traffIC didn't die back I up I down until long after the rock conc~rt, 3 Tr"ffic i, being disrupted I dispensed I diverted OntO th~ lUSH [",cau,," uf an "ccidem on the M73 motorway. 4 The traffic smrts rising up I building up I mrusing up in tnc city centre around 4prn. 5 When the lorry broh down, traffic was severely disrupted I di~erted I disturbed for senral hour_. 6 When yuu come into lhe town, hold I maintain I keep to the left, then bear I drive I hold left at the first roundabout.

25.2

Replace the underlined pan of each ,entence ming a mUoaotion n-om the opposite page with the oppo,ite meaning. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 There wa.ligbt twflk 00 the motorway at the tUne of the acrid~nt. (give two answers) Tbe traffic bul!t.m> after the match w~s ov ... (give twO an.wers) I have an outdated dri"jG i licence. (gi "e two answers) Brief delays arc eXp"cted on aU route_ becau.~ of th~ <lart of the holiday weekend. .B!:u..tig!u atlhe [lext junction. I much prder to dnvc an a"wmatk,c;u. I don't know how he manages to change g~ar smoothlv like that. Hi, invention wa_ said to b~ a mjnor deydopm ent in aeronautics.

25.3

Complete each ,entence using a word from th e opposite pag~. 1 I alway. find it difficult in thi , car to g~t into _ ___ ,_, .. ,, "" , , ,when I ,,"ed, for namp[e,1O back into a parkin~ space. 2 Th. handlebars On my bih got twisted in the accid~nt - I'm going 10 h""e 10 get a n. w 3 s.,ing able 10 get [hrough rush hour traffic quickly i, the hy _ __ _____ ____ ____ _. of travelling by bih . 4 Electric cars were hailed as a major . '''''" .. ,'' ,,, .. in automotive engineering. S In an automatic c", you don't need 10 . __ gear manually. 6 The policeman pointed out that my licence no longor, , , , ,,, ....................... _ it expired la't week. 7 I . ____________ -.. __ -. .... my driving te_t three time, before I e"enru~lly passed it. __" .... " .. on the main road corning into town 8 The tr~ffic i, alway_ particularly in the rush bour.

W" '

25.4

Rewrite the undcriin.d part of each selllenc~ ming the word in brackot~ in the appropriate form. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 S 9 I was in a Car wjtb tb e sterr;ng·wheel 00 tb e right. (HANn) Crab, are one of the few creatures that dlLllo(JIlyve io a forward:; dj rection. (S[[)~) I took the examj natjon to b!:<;ome a qual"fied driver in 1999. (T"ST) The jet engine was soon IJnder'tood l!l Ix: i! miljor d~,'cloDIDent in aircraft de,ign. (HAH.) :ehe beSlth; n~ ~bout manu"l c"" i, that there i, les, that can go wrong with them. (KEY) Poopl~ werc being delayed at the airport fll[ ho",-,; b,,"use of the fog. (LENGTHY) Tb~", were major t[l!ffic problem' on the ring road thi, morning. (".weRE) I go t beld up bv a (rilffi.o;jlill on my way to tb e a irport. (sT1J(x) Ik carcful and always be aware of the traffic tbilt it.cQrnjm: toward ! you. (COME)

26

Travel and adventure
An exciting trip
Read Catherine's
~~count

of h er trip to Soulh America.

"(I ~Jway~ h~d a thirst for .dvenlllre and of"" gd itch), feet ,a I (!)\lId hardly contain my excitement whw I "I off for South America ~ y~"r. After a 12-hour flight to sao Paulo, Brazil, I had a'lOther I""'!; nigh. to Man.u, in th e Amazon. The" I went by b\ls to a ,mall e, town. It was. tterr arduou<' journey. I ,~ould have broken the journey> somewhere but I did it. 1I ill ~ go. ~"X[ [ime, I'll have a 'topover,l in Silo l'~()l[), have a hit of a rest .nd do th~ ~1Jh1. there beiore tr .. vdling On. Mtc, two fantastic weeks in the Amazo[\ 1 got • flight on a low-cost airlin. In lti" 4, J aneiro. ! then tn~d to gel a /light [0 Pen., bUl they were ~ll 1,111, so the)' put me on "I/ldby', Luckily I go< • sc~t On the /light I ","nr-d. I~ Per" J went trekking i[\ lhe IIndes wit~ a group. Th e guide took us off the bea!e .. 1r3d ~nJ [ kit like an intropid5 explorer [rom a[\O[her c~nt~ry in ,ome unoxplorN wild.m os,. "Ibete w~<" nal ,en,c of advontme. One d~y we actually gO{ hopdc .. lr Ill", II w •• gelling dark and w. were afraid They'J have to ,end out a search p~t!}' le> I"" k 1M ~, _ nut then we met smne loc.l. whe> w~'" ,'cry iricndly and helped", gO[ bad: <;n ,<> our p~lh. It was a great trip.

'0(

I difficult, tiring, ne.ding ~ 1m of effort ' 'topped for a short tim. 'ha YO a brief 1~,~,lIyl overnight stay in a place when on a long journey '0 wmewhe,. else, usually by air < m.dt mC w,i, tu ,cc if a seat !>.came av.il.bl. ! brave, w;'~ no fe" of dangerous ,itllations

Art icles about travel adventures
NOTe the collocations in th ... brief mag~7.;n~ item, about llavel adventures.
S<lm. looged-for sun"y .peUs hove boosl'-"ll the spirit.' of three Briti,h wome~ hoping to set" polar trel<i"g record. The wOmen hoye fil<'-"Il .eve,e weati1 er u>ndition< <ince setting off to walk to the North Petle 18 do,!, ago. However, toe te~m's base comp manoger <aid 'he iJad <poken to them ye~teTdoY by ,atellite jlhane and t~~ nad been relieved to repOrt the weather was ,unny aTid their spirit. were higi1'.

Lendon to ToOgier ~Y.J.i:jjn; Whilst thi< joortle'j' may tlOt (Om p;lre in term, of she", epic growden, to some or the great Americ"" trilin jou",,,,!,, it doe< nave a s~rial charm ~LI of its Own. It may not be cheau but if you keep ~our eye. pe.!ed·1, you can fi TId some ,urpri<ingiy geed deal<. If your budget d""sn't Quite .I,etch to' a sleeping compartment. you con alwoY' ju<t curl np in your ~ilt for the n;ght. let the rh~thmical motioo and the duLl rumble, of the t",in lull you to de ep. Ttle ~"t leg of the jOllfnty give< you very little indication of l'ot1at lie,; ahead.
I m,de feel more cheerful 'they were in a posi!;,'e mood < rou can'l afford

J

(infonnal) keep your eye< open

Exercises
26.1
Compicte the,e de,eriptiom of TV docum~nt3ries u,ing 3 word from the box.
'igtm

trokking

1
John Howes presems e' <entia l r.cI~l~

forthose

track. whjl~ " rIn~ke Zou," doe> tr..-

he ~ding

cHth e ..

... . ofN ....... Yori< i nr~o rd

, ~;;':;:;:::;;:;;;:~~ ~~ tim
..

3 ~~~
Like a(n)
~.por ...

... 1t1 f1 f. ",j Mti ng fi lm, Grjes~u. give. u, " picll.lre of the la rgely of tr.. K"," Kum Deser\.

5
I it i
t

'M1dHT1."

jungles

of th ~ nin eteenth century, Jam • • We,~ ~
\roVO'II. d with ooly lWO (OIl1 p.o niom.

26.2

Chome lhe correct colloc2tions.

"!::.;::
'~
"

crMIure •. \lie

WOO>

I

[

got (10) hopckssly / _ s l y / out a sea rch (11) grOOfJ I party I
tile Gob; Desert ~ "'" be IJ.J! I ""n ~..-.. '1"' " th.">l ~ 01 its owt'1 .

26.3

Rewrite each sentence using the word in bracket •. 1 At th. beginning th. journey was ,traightforward. I ~'-")
2 I couldn't afford to tmvel fir't cia". (STRETCH) 3 After w~ arriv. d at our ba,. eamp we felt mo~ ch""rfuL (1I00H'-") 4 T h.re will be ~riod, of .<un,hi ne in most areaS today. (IPfLLS) 5 We luoh Our journey to Australia in Singapore. (STOPO V H.)

6 Jack ha, always long. d to have adventures. (TH [R,T)
7 Grandmother; s very cheerful tuday. (wnurs) R The IDuv. ment of the , hip helped me to fall asleep. (l llLW l)

26.4

Use a dictionary or onIill < corpus (s"" Unit 4)
1 ard uous

In

find two more collocatiom for th.,.e word ,_

2 w ilderness

3 uncharted

. _== ==0 m~kc ~ Nor.Io> I ~t there was preciou. of ...iL~O~ for Pakisu ft.. l Match reports .. ""reo on the hour. ~me! rd jump at the ch...ng " whole of" time' .-.. i PW ppe I How are 1I11"igs 'Mth )'OO? I'm hailing a great time here at this sports camp in New Zeata fld. ..t ~ takes me atxxI two secoods 10 fal into a deep "hrop.r..little charlCe' of lIlat happening 1)..You m.i<ie. The wort that I ca11 summon up the energy 10 do anytl"i rlg in ooIy sport rm doing at the I1'I<lIreI1t is I1JOI\Ilg 1 lIle bus.t .-e ertOl.o.. crazy with I li""" to .. .."ce 8ro try oot some 01 tM e sports.. d . am (can al.d (.. go~l in "nor . h 'gun to enjoy I (inform ..or pitch' a.. N to th . l' in the l3St \01'(> m.~.he g.abl.Jght I was pretty m' but rm reeOy h~*'9 to push myself to the Iimits6to be a!JIe to cope.. h r~I"in% <0 > "PO'"t t hot int"'"«")"' u .o he used for o.11 1 docided to take up the challenge aoJ ....-h"" t he 8Iut. ! free kkll . b IOl() "'··""' ' ··~'·'~···'·"ill'·'~'·"~'·"yellow ~""~ ....~ . fr< qL><ntiy u.~. me SjlQrts Iile whi\l>-waler raftiog and ru. s.cn... I didn'lh~8 l much at Irst -I ((Old ~ really hard to keep my b. .oful: =&~*iJi..~lly like to do <cm"bing • Stay in good physic. Anyway." " ~..cored .J. .her emotion" .he crowd ruch. 1cooouion Sports news The mood 3mongst . l) b<corne ahle to do something • (informal) very littl e ch3nce • ccn.l~nce. des~te .. ' PO" t"t yoo t"IOtico bo01. fond thi> w<ob..e s (inform~l) fa irly fit . . (informal) baving a fantastk time It 5OUI1ds Ike )'OIJ are llaviIIg a farias!.... ... pbre" b...".. ~ .....oO.""lw.... g giv~ n '. In . The!:ll"'" was la.. flope you are 100..27 Sport Emails about a sports camp Hi Greg.he laS[ low mjll".fe I'd gi l the hang of it' in a ~Ie of Mi.. At llie wookend we W<!!lt to 100 lllOUIl!ains and I'"" . ..n played a blinder' Jnd S""urN a convincins .. . .""~._.. nd f.."ch a< rage) ' beean.:~.. I'm h.g~in't thd r own !. y~ ""<terday·. "" b. Bull am shalirlg yoo: exhaustion...< .9h. ~" • (in formal) ..I an C>Wn go.'i". usually in sport .. effort . cquired qJite a taste 1m2 SilOWboardiog.... ny coO"...:::: ~rformed brilliantly..e.::... But my ilslruclor said she wa~ Sl.. I thoo.k climbing. it.ill! til".. 'p<lr~ Not< down .v. the tireOOess.1 .ho" ..... I mastered l. We're so oosy at 1K fJe eveni rlgS ro keep in shape". m~tch !:>etwcen India and hkl" . nd 'lOme co ntrove...- eM. _ Kh. drdi c. every hour.nut~s .. • went on the piu:h '. I'm so shattered at night n"..N . ~xcit"mcnt ~ .... I'm t<lking !he opportllllily kl do' SWOllOi e:<tr.ito u. """..r... The c rowd went wild ' .. io Enfi.ntlr.\>00..

.. for performing all illegal tack k 00 an opponent.". 3 There'..: g" m. thoug h I find it a lmost impo88ible to .crs. (OWN ) oc 27. 5 I'd ris~ I iump I take at the chance of a trip to Venice if' were offered one! 6 It won't take you Ion!..'ery cI~s< decided lO u ke ~r th e . (UTI) T he hom. .. srorts? 3 I didn't realise how difficult the marathon wOlLld be when' originally took I had I gOlnp the £h"lleng~.. . who ill stamly scored.Exercises 27. . ". 9 fortunately for Wales. 2 'lave you evn tried "ny formid(/bl~ 1 fell er I ~xtrem. (WILD) We very much enjoyed our tim e in !luSlr. """.. AN<O ) 8 The t.) ~ 'decided to hrave aD<1 start my own business. (..'ere during th e ma lch..M) It look some time beior. Conserve .co.. ... (W'HMY. little " .. t Don't "'''''''''''''''''''''''''' yoursd ! to tk limits now.. clim b if you have a reasonable level offitoe." . ( N. (CHAl~'CE) 7 The little boy soon learnt how 10 ride his bike wilhom Stabli." . to!. .) Our team put up an excell ent _ . . 1 2 3 4 5 I'd lo\'c to meet Johnny Depp. 27.2 Complete e""h <entenee "'ing a wOTd from th~ pagc oppositc. Scotland ... _~very p"nalty th atlhey ...e the corrcet collocation. 4 'don'r think I coukl ever acquire I educate I achieve a taste for bungee jumping.l~D) . our team succeeded in breal<ing through th e Reds' and scoriog our first go~l.entenee ming 1M word in brachts.... (D"""N [}) -" 1' " tea m c~plain helped to wi n tf..._ 27..et the balance I taste I hang of cross-country sbing as you're sueh an exp erienced downhill <kier. children from "... 1 2 3 4 I ge t the ______ _____________ _football ...] Rewrite e""h . ___ _ _ __ ____ _of a tim e l e ~rning how to surf. 7 Jo fm Shan~ was given a yellow """ " . S T he captain look thc frec "'"'' '''''' "" '" "" '''' and it reached Jobbs.orne strength for later on. .. """"""" . of your getting h er to go for a long walk today. 1..~s s~nt through to my mobile. ... 6 You mnsl try hard er to keep in .. victory. 1 I'm finding it hard to summon up I acquire I reach the energy to do an)'Thing mnch in the evening' these da ~. wouldn't you! (JL'~-!p) The spectators stood aud clapp"d as the leams went orl to the pitc h. 4 I've just heard th e :\Core" It~ly\ winnin8 ~nd c"ci l~mcnt's rc~chin 8 fewr ______ ___ a t 27 to 5 and FI'~nc e loo k< set 5 The sc ore in the rugby m~tch currently to win a conyinclllg_ """ "" " . "'"'''' '''' '''' '' '' my bal"nce.. preciou. entence u<ing th e word in brackets in the "rprorri~t" form.. (rEl\fQl<.(r~nTIY) The crowd was extremely excited at th e end of the match.1 Look at A. You could walk to work instead of going by bus. .. __ __ 2 I'm h aving a __ .. ___ Ol'er the winter... team won a . Choo..4 Complete each . by pl"ying a.""". for exa mp k ..)i... (TOOK ) You sho uld only allernpt thi.~m captain fdt dreadful when he i:i£ked the ba ll into hi s ow n ie~m 's go~ 1. (CONV'''' .0 When thc hc"d tcach er oifered a prize to the pupils w ho built the best raft over the hoJi<l ays.

110 do '1<)1 like a plan or p. l\ul lhoen we .i.. ovn" nine months_ And Philippa did a lln:O! job dnmuning up .nemb.houI J invi" [he weh . announcing TO his ".omethin¥ < doing .uAA"'tiun thaI you .tructive crili~ism.: p<tlhicm of find i<>g: good "'tail ""tk-IS. impk.e greaRr control over thing<. acting on a suggostion' I.." a." id01' i.'"•. We've . they are completely opp"s~d/hostikl A pl"n ~an)". we've now deci<kd th~llh" shoukl happen over 12 months.ng peopl e_Since rha>.. <o""lu.. ead>od thi. I .."igllCrs to come here ~nd tnke us through the process lrom their side."mmi!. Y't>U know.:.ith "age"..ion .~t at Ih...28 Plans and decisions Decisions and solutions IJa". tI. In or&. as )'()U al .the firM: lime . Th~.". of ~ou. s"'rt of an annual youth .v import~nl il's !'Ioing to he to ""'.. I con. the lin. lore our 'prm'Of< were able to roach thc de~isiolllO . ~ pmPQ.e ". Internet." "'a . It''tally r~ie.I"tionship with the garden ~ent"'s whore we <:m{Coti). Making plans Note the collocati"" .. So I'd like lQ ma~ a tentativo 'uggeslion!.." exclusively W lh. Coo. that..d .. ~hle tu t\"" OUI attention to how best to put ".. "~.hink we . long-tttm s..'>ihl" . I feding of wcat c"citement about . onlr opIi. .. and we lmflle to o"r "ll'lmil.omething that is going ..l event! I have he~n w'iting f"r this da)' ". se ll.oIlIlioo to th. I'm jll't aware of h". may declare outright Oppo<ilion '" outright hostility to a plan. iled' ~ phn to mo. We do bel.'ve thal reali . th. not sure will he accepted • Jean everything to thoir judgement 'consider .. j. lkefore we launch the . .t.. I don't Ihink we . rlIt''''' Am.se. S an annu. we ".' ago and prepar3ti"ns h~vc been underwayl ever since.:ti(>n8.. in [hi ••peech at tl".nd difficult."o P'~"'ic.'''1 leave everything to their disc ..'e".ha". [nirici.''".'ce of work may offer con. increasing support for .' lb t""n. anticipation' to. b.upport u •.l rnornins.on "P'''' to lI •. lIrukaw. head of a company m"king garden furniture. ejened oUi of hand.." to Intcrn~t-on Iy S"j. useful and intended to help "r impHlVcl Note til .<t '" end our T{. . CO<ne to or arri_ at .ai. making 10 move lh. put into operation 'keep to 0 .. . o koow. the JlCit of what w~ pl:l.cherne. <leasi"" aft" aareiul consiJ. w..in.lly had n" choice..m which i.. llQllhi . had a &light chanb'" of plan.r .." 1 happening Rejecting plans 5iJ!IlCun..ugg".....olllething" • r"wt of.ud a plan.nellr' .nior ' taff pl3II' h~ j.ll . the l"!.. We c~m~ up with the idea five ye.0<1 to draw "1' a .. work d"nc in prcp"3tiun to .s anJ mark.. YGU'I! .upportJ lor the move amOll~ lhe _.r.II pos. Thal will give 'IS the "p(>Ortunit)' lQ curci. • long time. e'"<n' ~"vcllrualit)'9 before we commit 100% to the Imernet. .. I"" team lIl<'ering Rob unv.t ~"U5toru.J.IIJ hap>".. busin. fri~nd<. iaally iI'.. hut not in a focused way 2 showed I trulde known lot..idering.. a). ..eheduk and stick t"G that schedul •... for "line 'ime nOW we've ""ell toying' with d". .00. Grttnway . to the w. and. . idt~ of lfan!krring all our blL. A.tcdl Thu. NOT _ _ • eo<>clLl>ion.. [..b in lhr~ pha. a ~ertain amolll1l of ~ce . The deciding fa~"1or WOS losing our bi~e. ituatinn.. ary 10 do."tion...

. __ ______ ____ . " ....o parts of tb..r Compl ete each com'ersation to make B agree with what A says..ell the husiness . leav .s... we need to draw .. me to .3 Complete . Il' Yes. .. 6 Constructed criticis. B: Ye.ave it drum ~p 6 COv.".. S H~ d~dared hi.with all idea l.< mdwork OUtrigM 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ait" careful ...... of plan.. I was ver). B: 6 A: R. 2 A: We need to m~kc ~ tiroctable lor what needs to be dODe. Theres [. l.....fore we can implement the. the dec iding in busin ess decision " It w~...11I.. 1 Final preparations for the m u<ic lesti\'~l ar~ now undergo"..2 1 um'..... I'm afuid. 3 The company came 011 with the idea of ellc ouragillg CuStomers to rccycle p aokaging... "" . every eventuality a lot of support something a reality a schedul e a plan ID someoDe'. offright opposition to the plan.i< not open to us.... .5 Compk-te the word pozzle. . . of -_ .. 3 A: We need a lot of di. . %.-.. I agree.... " . "" .il stick ID make 4 l.... We need to be abl e to have more influence over w hat's h~ppenjng....Exercises 28.l think we should definitely ~ct _ her sugg~..nch " . We nlust """ . discretion ... alway.. That . We don't really havc thM choice. ..wn 1 There'.. nece......"""' '''' ''' the scb eme in May.ci.. Moncr is alway. . .. 28..'" greater control over things.en ~ chang.ion today. ."ten"" n<ing ~ word from the hox.. but negative criticism i< not..... 5 r tcud to .. 4 I don't think you w ill filld it casy to get your ickas into practice.a d..... ach ..<c ussion helore we 4 A: B: S A: 1l: Yes... • .. .. " not a final decision. 1 We "e~d to . ""..hOll!d do what Hilary is proposing. ". rrors in those .. 3 He alway.." ..".. 28....... collocations. shochd to encounter . 28. 2 I was very upSCt when thcy rejected my snggestion._ hostility to my plan. We'll do tb.. .. c~n put th~ It·. I ~gr"" . " and then .(:Cf1 a slight .. we need a couple of meeting' b. ". 1 A: T thi n\. .1 M~tch tk t"..' dirficult to put th ~ idea imo .. ".tion at ODC•..nc... 28.the pl~ns for Ou r holiday. ~re lull of ~_ ~ nticipation.. . wc .. It's not an answer to the problem that will <olve it p"rm~ neutly. .. only ~ tentati ~e.. .... ... out of foot.....s~ry _ . wdcowe. I agree . . ACTOSS 1 It'.. o...4 O'>rrc-ct the collocation ..fore m~king a decision _ 6 Tbe kid.. " . not a _ _solut")n. .. 4 We should _ on th is sngg." ..' we decided not to .. sch eme into operation... - I • rrr~ - .\tion ... i. _~ schednle..

.' mog.. lnQ $creer...~.: lmp"". And tho. the suspense7] ea n or hra '..ro 1M 1931h .tJ rh e _ that I would highly recommend ' . The only goo d ..... iderro. 01 J O~ I Ha n.. and . strongly Influenced J by Ihe very wo rst kind of Ho llywood ..".:: or V!lmpl~ :~. In ..."o n. film from differelll " "bhallions. n al. ..'. fil m. i" LariSS<i mun II IM11 been out of ttlei. on'..."...i~ I u. the colloo n iom in rh""" review..:' . t dld n'. . almo'phctc Somto.. c.. hold my 1 1I~don thE way the boo k did I WIll . bool ha~ ever done..ny oth~. ~. con ....!".. (tabloid) '''wspap.] l'cpul".. ditap~...plle of ~ ell-sUr <nt . but N O T ~ influenced • loral disas'et • Ihorou~1y recommend Ii al. if you :'~:~::~: . m. of .. lity ne""p~p"rs .sion l on mf..enl imenl~ 111V...'. lId .1by Sleva n Gorsky.sfulfy ******* • \'(1. ..~ . is • dismal fa~ur. An unml1~'Ied diusl e.. in lIIe I ..at.~....01 1... Itloo.owake-ned my Inl~ '''1 1n Russia ."m"" En'c" " i. bon NOT .. I.: .. 1 cinema n<l ).... baSfll 00 a ..lhe IiI m)u.. tJal ly think hlghl.'.~y thing to <b (formal) compleTe profess ..1allo n or hop ' .Imos~ 01 LenilllJlOld In lhe 19 10s whil:h the book aoch~ '10 suc:oes. 1 weI ~ d ******* ' OopOJ. bUi II IYIiIdf • l"'ling impr. p<»sible 1 e m .ncnt one ' ' \00 evoke ... meaning ~ ~'m.. Qu. ccl!ege !lucien! when I read It. .be ~Xf:ilt..u"". 1t fired my imaginatio n more V.. 1 <.l~ influtoced. much Ih" my pooJ ok! bookihefvEos aoe 9'O"ning with booh 00 Rmslan hi<lory! The ~Im.....~ o be. . he.... " brue and ri..Film and book reviews No".. bu t Ihl' on e. ~Imply I<li\ed !O "Nil!' the . mind..o "y an iJldclibl...

.. ' 1 2 3 4 29. The firsllener is given to hdp you... smge . Which art they? Enpsh CoIlocatio". d on an extrnordin~ry t eries! burM! chain of ev.. __ and i1..t couldn't kar the tM fo((owing: 29.3 Comp!<t~ each Sentence using a word &om the oppo. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 I admire that producer M . ___ __ _______ ... that hapP"Md in New York in the early 18005.occess. __ ... in Us..r... cently relc~". 6 The film mad.e imagiMtien of ""en lhe me.dauling (4)d __ e/n . awah ned yonr interest in n differem place or p"riod of hi... ". .ines...ite page.> (2) 1_ . ____________ ca" but i1 will net loil to moke .ucceed. of . received glowing. /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// Th . plot i. nlying (7) ~ ___ ______________ __ 0/ eVffiB_ The u. Snlvadm Dali..u'p"n. The al/-tlar I star-Mudded! starrmg cast is set to make the fi(m a box-oflie. It i. fi(m director whom yon think highly of..urreah. " .. will (10) L __." .. ~ctions set off an am~'ing chain of To my mind the play i.. A((a Repina ha.4 Nam~ 1 2 3 4 a a a a CD thar has be.. d by the work of the .erved reputation as a character actor. . «"I in the (5) r""""". ctacu(arly successfnL book that ha.000 Night. e bllilt AU that writer's boob hav. but he .aying that something did uot . wer~ obviously strongly! highly! heavily influenc.. 1..d film...et.r... doe. an unmitigated """.k.ie we . hall<' a (1) . irnpre . bas.. l1(m that has recently b •• " sp.. ." of Tim Alexon.e 0/ lI1known 3(10" wa.. Hayden~ lirst appeara""e on tr. a high I considerable! wdl-de.ting I indelible impre_'sion on TTlC_ 7 The author evoked I created J wrote a magical atmosph. n recently rel...n cral character'. ".. Mnking a film la'ting six hours was quite a bold . _________ ___ _______ ..tory. • m.ynical 0/ .ow> hi mself 0 ' on excePIional1y (6)"__ _ ____ __ octOI' pl .""""""""" . S Th._ 29. .1 Complete the review using wocds from the opposile pag. .. wtolent_ km lilIyd en i.. My cousin highly f spectacularly J thoroughly recommended the plny_ Th . I couldn't watch the film at th. trying to "". ".n 01 principle. I'm afraid the uovel didn't rea1lr succeed in holding my ... nt. yir>g the little man <ought lIP in on intriguing and at time> t . The c..t . most exciting paim -I ju. bold (3) e" but ill. re. 29. a. Advanced 63 . no. r. ion with its stiJrtlir>g (3)0.5 Two of tM colloc2tions on the opposite page are strongly n egative way.2 Cross out the option which cannot he used ill each s<mence..ned cut to be (9) L _______________ __ _ _<lKcemul. U XiO Nights.ed.. . a(n) consummate J /a.:ause he is such a consummate _ We all ~gan to reel incre~singly nervOuS as the ..Exercises 29.. h~ woy in 1he world of big bu.t 2rtist..e big w een..

. prepared to cut through tk reoJ tape~ for you..:-loOO . at [he 1""...a" " (Inrm.ubooly aware.. Failure In do >0 willie"... js b.."fy th" .cau. th e government ha< inttoduced new kgi.. facck .'e permission ..c""~y !"..!allll{: to he-11th aJld solely in 1 wo<kpiace.l) "..pl)' with the. ~uid.30 Regulations and authority Health and safety regulations o.. in h"""cJ.. coold not .' . But it i... rhe s~ps }OU need to takc in order 10 ~"""." to corry 0111 a risk a . 2 J I NOT"".orne of them art more VigMOUS ~h()Ut ex. m~ut"...: eovernmenl has ". The purpose of II.. rule.ll r<cei.."ssment i. ".."'e])!' of Ule ""gulat""". whereas others might . 1M C.. '1"""'[0"".we." il easi.. tougher • (forma!) h"ak the rule" 1 m od a> an insult ro official" 'Ulllle"in!. It>.0 '\'(lid u'ing ttl<m in . lWcIy Of"I -- c"rof"ny.. 'h an q."5. t <p'cially if th t y think you arc trying to flout the rule."".a)" an extens ion 1 Be wary of treating lh t planning Gfficors a.luir..'>icn (formal! giv tu p<rmission 4 (fom.r.1.6 tdating to builJing in your . also brougbt in ) an '''''IT"".lation wbich has tightened control<l. ".. .em tn b.Induw.. tn identify and as.eak tI"..·d.sion to Ix given. that they lock ch.~ment..' 1. ..UCf.. becoming more difficult to obtain permission 4 a. authority." A. r will Itt lIoppy to on. NOT V'k could no< _ or W.L have . ha" boen jutruh. mploy~rs ad""'" to .".. The enclosed glliOO detail.. Th e. doing everhing the)' can to block your plans. made tho mi. to Planning permission If you wish to build. though .. risk ".ing that authority • d. "'1m.e the planning officer< have tn cnsure that YG'lr plan' do not infringe the regularion.e.......tively with bU". ""." entia! . could ""t fic."ss risks ' (formal) br<aklog tht law We "'1 We could no< ~rrivQ ~t :on ~I'""""'*'" or W. Thj. u.><l ifyO<. ~nd also to mal:.".·" ~n ""H~nti. 10 1>< workplace.v oolle"..""lry and en. 10 (formal) im.l..~! quickly aDd dlu. All ocpa'tme "' he"". ntionally ".". [110m ..ssed r><w I. pron d""..'. thon )'ou will be grallled permission' to build.tK: proctdur. ab. Some willI"." some time after putting in an application EM p'nni. fGr employers 10 ". buroancrat.... (0 miui"'e" daolil"r to employee. it i.rtd 1 (0 n~n<l..rcising authority' th an other•.rca.n)' furth . new R.d on "8"'''''''''' ~ yom h()U. If ynur plan i< apptoved. All employ"" h~. Pie""" do '0. (formal) ~sk for p"rmi.' you "'" p.. hue ~u obligation [0 road (he inf(H"malio" in tho a.<oI~te1y eS\cnti~l\ to seok pormi"ion to do so.. It can takc qui. IIW .. they 3r~ in a position nE mnsidtrahl .

li. in regulatiolls 3 . ".........OU. "". at an ag".to (6j . ...hould do what the law lays they should do. other possible dictionary to help )..-........ .Exercises 30..elf in _ of the l"w........... brinz oxormo ... 3 W..""..tandards 4 . .oy h.l holiday. 5 If yuur bu... b".." cOII""i] wt.~ oIfi"" 1> on _"'OIUI" Jisg""< r 3004 Complete the word puzzle_ Aero .. "uth"rity Rewrite the u~.fy 30..... .5< doc. .rs.. Lt._ ~ u [0 (2) .. 2 It is hard to fin d 8tnff who _ ~Il LXlr T"C'luiTCments. • ...n to build J multi·milHon ro"w co..t carry out 30. ... illd!() the 'IOndard.wlaw 2 .. 1 The b~ildm had friends in high place.1 pan of each sentence !() make it more formal.t<. .ou continu . . e)ut " ri..•...._ . S It is • bsol"tcly . Use "- .. 1 You will be pUlli.. alIo\ll tile bdla"iou. 1 Ikfore me .e without permission rh . !II Find On.. .d....hop 0J>L'fl' for busin ess )'ou mu. .J>L'rmission to demolish "ur sams •..... opp"..3 Complete this leiter of complaint using words from th.lerline. 4 Tchose not 1<) _ my authority and impose a pnnishmem as it was a . 111<. .... bm we do all we can to minimise [h..iodionIioom "L .. corry "'" .inC<8 doe.ell"'nt 7 to .. an "bligati"n 6 ... and got away with flaming the . 11 thoy hove rio"" i... J pl....hed if ). ~ollocation for each of the verbs in the box in 30. . . 2 All Our si8ttr organi..for several ye.. of OIl!" I"".5 .n't l!!!:I:t the kgal rcquirc'T11cnr. I. regulrw'e nt' S >In..a"" ' . .ation. asked for permi"io" te) build on a field ne:rt te) our hou.. (~) . rri". ..sion .)... 1 ..o. "..... 30. to ~ ..(}\l rna)' filKl)'ourscll pmsc"uttd fOT bU'akjng company law.Yrn that permission..e and ~hcr Se)me time w.. . s..2 the rul.' ~"' to bo no bon er than their predecessors.. 4 It is important that "Il citizen..t~d in the C""le "f Practice. were ii......1.peci.eouc.IL) parlicipanl8..1 Complete these collocations from A using a word from the box. 3 Extreme sports are risky. Do~ .k aSS""'IJlt'nt 8 ...~.. lL L n-.. h~ilder fo u"d him.. all of tbon•.. . 6 By bnilding • hou .i[e page.that we do not pm sraff at risk. 7 It took tiIm but eventually we ...

".. And politician . for home" . < di. "".lcsig. Prime: True.0 t'IrId ~ soIufun to tho: problem of """'~ .iting Londo)]. tho ugh. We can't continue m thi . Efforn to Ieryde wMte are only" p.ylpet>on/lm."""1Oon.ha."! dirno.rtial solution.ks te public h ealth are >0 g". Interviewer: Flying'. o)]ly one part of it. .K.. Wo nood .~ (Iltd a ooIution. ub. Meanwhile. and temperature. 9 and incet!lives to encourage ceo-friendly .t.LC Dispon\ of howehold w"'"te is a daunting tJ"k for local authorities. Towns and citie" caunot just dumpl such wastR "nd hope it will go away. deYdop alternative encrb'Y source.-'.rio".. th e American rod: st"T known for his '''ppon of envitonmental campai!. who i.ange is the mo't urgent issu e facing u. Parts of Europe which used to he coo "'r now exrerienc~ lTlten..ummer. noed long-teIm 'O\UtiOflO. Can people do in the face of thi..tances which are extremely hannful to the environment. .relll " . ~nd POW"' . Interview e" Woold )·ou agree tn"t climate d. Intervi e".ration •.olar heating for in. have schemcs nOw for offsetting ~~rboD emission.hank yOll for giving np yom time for this intervie". Interviewer: Gary Prime. but there are thing. ion.e" So ". Other area. the problem of toxic 2 waste remaim:." . and bUl ld morc off. and reduce our food mile. .l1tly warned lhat the rj.e.ufficicm will. I'ye gOl just ")]ough tim e to carch my AiBht to Los Angeles .onom Climate change and its consequences H"e is an interview with Gary Prime.. Most of the problems come from vehicle rmi .h . r<-~rol "lld "aHerr) 'at sea. we can do aoo" tthat too.rt.The environment Damaging the environment Read this extract from.taoce..at that we may have less than a decade to avoid an environmental catastrophe Oll a global scale. (e. /y vit"'."olut ~ ly vital mat ovoryoo o P"'Y' .npplies will run d".iblc m. vi.8 within SO year •. ' by b"yinB local produce.nn e..re it i. soar aoove the ~yeragc every . scaring heat'.h" r p>.houldn't I"." being dire' con.mes.port on gelling rid of wa.pos< of in an irre'poll.hor"' wiud farm •. taxes which rela. awa)' fmm .tance food h" to travel between when: i... K"n"ll or mode and wl. Some airline. NOT ~. co".pread flooding on a regular basi•.umed 'paying for an equiv~lem ~moutl! of carho" dioxiJc to he .olution.e to tht protectioll of 'h e envirOllme". O~" expeII rec. Ren ewable eu"rgy can makc a feal difference. You onl)· have to look at the changing weather pattern! in many part' of the world. J amount of C~rh()ll dioxide created by an activi. irreversible climate ~bangc? Prime: Ye" there i.equence<. Prime : No probkm. way without the. NOT _y \'IlaJ It'.n in architecture_ With . today? Prime: Ddinitd y. i.. Buy a hybrid car". 2 poi. We can all reduce our c~rbon footprint l by flying less. di. It'." chon/:" We.""b>. Wo "'1 "".:"S. • extreme heat 1 extremely . I. and authoritie. Oil. Household wasto contoim many materials and .<WI. we ~an find a . afraid of introducing green taxr. absolutely vital tnat we change our way' before it's too late. d d sewhere ' a car wbich C~ll al'erna'e hc"""en dift.he coa" ' hni.upp!i""_ ."rg)' SOurCe. suffer wide.

OCC3n$..? c"vimllm""l~ 11 . ~uch a< win d.. 100 L~lt.. 3 Th"l' now h.. _ in ... .""..o rd hiGh..nblem.. 7 ~ gov(tnltlCnt mllit pr~!'<:m ~recn ta...~.. .."tcn<:c$.he lone Ierm... www lllliPgr' ond .cm' n.~tc hom".. expa nded duriJ\g .l~" "lr l 1 1.c-". hoiding the """ o f sotllt..J PUI of ~arn <cnten«' u l i~ • ooI..*.4 Correct th e cnll OC3ti o)tl errOl< in th .IM WIth !he ti.h.".TilO d.S1d tlI lkiOfi 300" . ing .J u« glo ~ 1 w. in _ ... _. -1 .d a n' mal lifo....imion to Ih e p... W. .m". ... ("'m ~) 4 We "'~~e "" used !he wo d d's climate IQ a l[~'f iQ a way that cannO! hI' . a. nmmittel: aim ing ro impro..upp!i. carbo". (1I< on) 8 The Mm i" e! chairs a .d "" un ding l w arll i" .... .< dt. II can deumy p lan'~.iigns ha...) 6 We sho ul d all Iry 10 ~ucc rlK:.. is is 'P""h'n. ds will haY~ . ' k!'! ri d of r.. (Mfu ) 2 . e ... gc basal On the w o. I We looked o ullO lea and .... _~ . " ....location f. ooOsn..'I. .....tiuns. dry within th~ na t 2 ()O ye~ri. .. 5 Conriouw I15e of fM:<11 r.. ... " .·i... hoUJt. 'IIlmmt.001o<&UOtS 'JO'" fir><! th . (Rih1:"') 3 The regin" hM c~p...2 O:>mplet~ ~ach . 3 It'..Exercises 1 1.... if' ""'1' oconomklt l.Tlirn.ubbj sh from .. . hu ding for a ma jor di$a$1\:r IT) I~nn' of the pollutio" o f .~nttli w u iog heal d~(i"S the day but . We found I h ~1 I"'i>ono "$ chem ica l~ ha d [..-e changed '" n. 6 If..c~ r~. 1 H ow fur OUT food rmw ls hdore w e WUS UIN jt ! ho lli d be a COIX:U ll for everyo ne.".'hanG~.. i$ our g.rienced flood jng OXg lar. gU' a..Energy wbicb rpmes h gm inex hau slible $OU'~. ~ ilc p.QIJLhQ-'JJ. .h en ... .om .. L< ~ nDl. f<1T r'i..."..· • sv n hc:! ling S}'SI cm in th.•nd .d by en vironmo::n.I1. il e p"sc .. 1 'fcmpr:raT\>Tc. in l ocon ya H ..e wh... d in braclee£!... .h i ~ cm mi. We can coll ect s la"..uuaum of !:I' OO " we emit..~... .. t hope for tbe fumr • .. 31 .j alter~ :iti... 01 . w ind farms.h:!ng~ nut WIly before il j..C likely In _ w oo cnItSaJ"""= t. hc~llh ? I Who mm lio lls ptlMic oornpl~ lnl"" a bout """"I....ern orpnislttiou we only ~ ~n:hit~~" 5pecia]j. We mu!1 Im p u.. """'.'c the wa)' .n Ih ...... 1 l.."...'" thrown into the rivu.... " .~ ~n"rg..he ' ''pb inln g _bout rocyding ho u$<Ohold w".nuh ing to .. (rom) 7 Wind hOM " a\('( 1 alii at....:sinns.. po tted o... 5 'rh~ w". \h<: '1uc... __ ....c. .. 9 We n~ed to fi"..ffi£) ' S We must dQ IlO"ltIbiul! 10 djm jnaa: the p. (CH. ~\Ll!lm~" art: hoo".. 2 We musl . d umpmg tOlll' W<l...~1:l1 y~an: wintO'< ~"' milde...... Go '" Unilfli Notion< &r.... ori"i.)" ni ll&' 4 As ~ g.. e" Vi' Of1rt1~'fIT pay m ore. ource of pollu\i"" in bill . em io.." ulinS a word frolll l he ow.. have 10 pr<>l~ct e~eryon ~ from iUne!scs ca u"..Ton. iT .. h'"g wh reh is harmf"l lo ... 2 O il .......e un cll.ff~Hnl Sylvia : To mas: M arcos: Gerard : Ulla: 2 3 " S Who Who Who \Vho is .obkm of IOric w.. . you a n .... and plan ic from ho mes which ca n then be .. __ . abollt a n environmelll.<. ~1 pro bl"r". We at.....cd.." S 'iO f"'t'PJ" who dam • tb ._.... (SOlVf. 4 T ire descn cx pc:".Kll can prnvi& a p~ r ria l ". ha l one of th rxe mi xed ~a rs which ~l!em~ l ~ betwCCl1 petrol and ba lt(t~· pnwer... ll dn ... abrolutdy ... e. .J. _"""no. cold u nighl...1 Re.....' f mou ths and In ched " n 'l..... 1 cata<troph .g~ S Veh ld c tra n!mi!~inn~ ~ re tile mam ... Ihal we . 6 1lle a idi"" hu a lCh~".1 Read Ih""" n:math " ~ J .....l e. « m.

. pia".:.I dIe _ III .[ 'he inn".m... ~ I "''''' . u .IIl in..olUr" of the pi"" ["dull<: [be ". b1Jt I love everything about It .. o tal . _ ..t poce . I moiled inl:l lown.. .. building... 'II t = ~iOIODI fao. iviry Country life versus city life Jerome M . Sa when are you COITIir!g 10 visit? City Council plans GOOD NEWS FOR Ij'I. He email . 1f COIIIIIIN"" .nd f~. city will ". home village into a big rown. II ' -.- hail a taxi at two w.~O ' nn oxt". l1e rustic ella"" 1 of il" in the back of . W ni~hI. .r.. the fact tlat '1 00 can get a cappoc.ee3. " nd note the collocation.h. lsolntod v.. i~ the city..lIIe : . "1 . . ...... Rosie about !T • • _~!'l Hi Rosie. in 1M .""if . ore no' cored for and ' ''' in n very bad condition ' (form. just moved from hi..how nou"". .too crowded sl.. i..iit'~i..Town and country life City life Read thi..." r~ "..... rati"" Ke)' f.1 alJd n (T . for urb. (_.e.'j'I... il . ad. offid.. .. . a .. rIQ ""er lIappened "nd where I was bonid rigid' . long ol"'nl"... s.'"ER CITY LIFE City Councillor...lkt huiTdin. with who."" _ I rlMM" l>elieve ~)M...ilitie< d ..lIng< • (informal) ex(remdy bored • very bu.. W~I . or ta ke a vi rtua l tour at wlVWj ndlj li {c: com . wi ll \u itYOL" b'''1 1 " <~tr~ you Phone us now on 00345 877223 10 visit oor e xtens ive r~ng e of .--..."yond·! FOf S OO1e people litUe Sroring i! a luralld~'I. I full of busy .n rc.home. c.cure )'O ur n ew hom e oow in troe excilir>g ca n enjoy high -q u ~ lilY urb~ n living... rve only been i'1 town a week... [h. _11 wi • .....co ' a q~''''...1lle mori1Wl. T1>c 'opc j.aGII """ _ .hm " "mpk ~nd plC'urCS<1.."ol". . .. .l. last ni~ht opprovod eXlen.' ''''I'C'I ..ome c'. and apa rlrnents. . the hectic paces of life.""" .. 001 for illII ~ was always jJst a quiet backwater' in the middle of nowhere where mtr. I dd j .l) homes .reu."oration of d ..·planting .od pl..y .l .. I rrusl say I doo't Ills."" pod'Ik .cirQ (:( I ~ppe~l .'crtiscrrl<nt for new h""...cnlhl o (il ..... l)' ...

imIll0y<:ment "f!l1lT cilic.. pag~.. .5 Find collocations on the opposite page with Ihe oppo..wer these qlle<tion<...id...b ..... 3 Y..m arc mMe likely to find conge'ted road.. S Tf."" . "".mote country .nt plans to pwyide funds to ..7 I cotlntryside 2 landscape> village Au.tl idyl 32." my rural idyll.:. transport in _ ...... (2 an. tions for these word. rustl.. The streets are very crowded.. a k" h ectic pace of life in . Ihan in.. 1 The roads are very conge.tricted opening tim" s (2 answer') 32..... hut the people wh" live there lMe it..h~."" .. """.illag~ in your country to I"....2 Explain the difference in meaning between the .rn buildings 2 q1liet road..h. '1"'" 32.ly be u.. _.. than in "..... are there within walking di'lance of the hOll. from th~ opposit..._ !J 32. <it). 2 We live in the inner city. .ub. 32.ier 10 hail a laxi in ... liying in a rural idyll' 3 Do YOtl have a reliable ptlblic Iransport system in the pbco where you live ? 5 What ..ider living i" a r.6 U se a dictionary to find three wlloc. ... . 1 Do any type' of TV progranunes or film. in each pair. b(}re y(}U rigid? If '0.. . .~ntencc.ite m<anj~g to these phr~'c.. what types? 2 Would you con.. 32.ing.. .ort of 4 Arc tnere auy derelict building< where yOll live? facilit~. in .....ch scntc'11cC usiog l COll"'ltior...vin ~ long op. "".lilt ". She live. in tho middl ~ of""wh ~ "..nint hour....ch '"rltCTJ<:e with the city and Ih~ country iu the correct 'pace..LplltD_~ in 2007..... " Ihan in .wers) 3 a quiet city centre 4 urb~n dec~y 5 the urban nightmare 6 re..1 Complete e. 4 You a~ more likely to find rustic charm in .fie city i. "" ... 2 She liYes in a .. 2 1 There i.. in a husrling city cc".trc_ 4 I enjoy urban )j... 110.e or flat where you live? .. mod. I s"....m are Ie<... 3 H e liYes in a quie' backwater.. " ...rm in "'" back of boyan<! rur... ". au uca where m~JW people would like to have a bom~.4 Rewrite the underlined p"-l1 of c..art... 1 The yiHage is regarded a s a quiet place where nmhlng.. likely t() find reliablc pLlbli.. red.imple cottage miles ilWgV from gny other inhabited placei. gov~ru"...uilio1l1l...Exercises 32. They live in .idise the modernllilliillLllld.. Iha~ in_ It's much e~.._ 4 The cily announced . 6 The cily c(}!wcil has declared that pan of the t"wn may m.. south . than in S Y...3 Put the co11"'atiom iu the hox into pli« that ar~ similar iu meaning.... of .ed for peopl e's home:.he leafy suburb.

ft...omeon. ing up ~"IIe debt.33 Personal finance Managing your finances Read this leaflet on p"rsonli finall~ial m. fnr IfIWtI txptme •.000 at onehOfd. ~fdfaft6 if you CJn ~void it. e. .. « .t. Note the collocations.. ~~mive u. • graot or .. He Gk<l lili employer'. O~e in ten r opl . a credit·clrd dolbt.'. cud!! card wlthou._ otr debts of £100.. amount of money ' nut yet paid ' amount of money that 0 CuStu"" r with ~ bank aceuunt i.. len' to them 'accepted . "" a tN m there which s~eciillhes in l>eipi"'l :\lu6ent' wiH.d to Owe tu the bank Financial crimes and disputes These newspaper dips arc III c"IICerneJ with financial crimes and pmbkms Credit_cud frulld I ha..t II>e ClllljXJS b.... try to m. \ proble".. oul. an lnufut_frtt ~rdr.ent1 l"'ur [. you may hill'\: to economj". ... fund.orho d a n alI-thnc hi?h.s dtslg\\<"4I"t<'I"" the cumpany."".!rt-tlm~ WorK.000 on tho pmrnia ol_ co. d solllething.rnolarship. .11 mil n~ to 1upple.nagemwt given OUt by a umversiry to its st!ld .e eOirlg}'OllT d.. !i. add . But you may . poyment lNer'j lllooth. • ~.l "cwi matters.. fur I having enough mon. aling . H ~ made fraudulent daim..d your Ig~ uedit limit.t-cutting m easu"... lucky.inl . • It's a bild ide~ to borrow huvil~ to ~)la'j d ~ bts.wr fun up.g.-" as p~" of a toral paymem ' fall to p~y ~ debt demand that a person pay back the mon.ke.ying afloat) .hat an alllount of money has been lost or that" d. r_ember that n><lst bonb 'hili off. ...l~ndlng d~bl.urfH.. in order tu cleeeiv. • If)'OO ~d into debt try 10 d .. The c"mpany is now unMr n~w mana~ement. t<mporarily allow. •• soon J\ possible. if you'.using another persall'. student lo on or.tg. • Ifyoo h. Mt Ambrose spenL a fortune staying at hotd. lie ~ VItUm. and I"'Y ~k Lo~n~. N.ncreaso . . r better thiln lu .. Ofldcntltyth~fl. cutting dawn on IU.. . This is f...r.. p<rsollal detail" u. . th~r fi rl. a document. nt. by. ~ e re Jre ""m~ tips fOT >v-lidi ng finan'. bt will not be paid .5tu. um of mon'r in advo".. """"..y [he bank h~. I'>c:twe- sm. and falsified' f"f!(l> rds. nk . financial problolll$.. !Iyou do n""d o~.y [0 pay wh~t you owe (c~n also be .: • Opt" ~ cu~nt ICCCunt.gT~ your ""in • .)... I If thing"'" difficult. u l your debt. ·. While you' .""""' by getting sam~ kind of p. Its backers h ~.heir permis sion 1 sr. abwt how to de . of iJl(om e ""'Y be.. ' aCCllmul~te • chang. ms. . ually in order to "cc<" their bank account< or aedi' urd. r:0ple 'pay a .and the C flmI it "n the . "y. U. crime of mi.l ~ h.omothing to <o""thing to make it largor or bon« 'pay in full • continuing tu spend and therdor< owing • I. He managed to run bilJ "f £7. Alw")" "'"' ad'Ylce from yOIIf ban.

. "" ... (fRAUD) 3 I try to make 0 into my S2yings ~ccount every month.<ell her business....2 !II Copy and compl ete the collocation bubbles using word....3 Correct the collocation error' in the.... 2 When I W2' • student I got: 2 job in 2 f2Sl-food outlet to_ 3 I used to . to fmm complet~ the . ."..4 Answer the questions .(n) to de" .. 1 The firm hos buge . 1 What object is 0 person or company being compared to when we usc the coHocotion ke~p or stay "flOttt metaphori~aJly? 2 What are you eyentllally ex!'<'Cted to do with 0 loon? 3 If a bank call. so.. som e only with ovtmlra(t ond some with both. do they (a) give it (b) writ~ it off (c) d..".... glad that tho b2n~ W2' 2ble to offer me on _ ________________ ovcrdraft.. 5 Small finns find it difficult to ....kbt. " oppropri~te form.. .....5 Complete e2ch sentence using the word in brackets in th e 1 The accused waS found guilty of.. "". .... 9 There ~re special offers for students who enter a current aCCount at the university banlc...eility to set '(0) the n>tio". ~ompany re~ord".cussed credit limit.fioat • fortune h_ily my income • p........ g2Ius. ____ cl2im... 2 When lleftllniversity I h~d no upstonding debts... mand full payment? " If someone debllits on 2 p2yment..od 33. ". Usc a dictionary to help you find onc mOre ~ollocation for each bubbl • . of €500 eyery month to my credit-card account......... .ym<nt 1 I .. (TIllEf) 5 I wa. in a loan...1 Match words from each bo. .. (PAY) 4 ldenrity ____ .... called when someone make. and has hod to borrow $10 million. to finance my studies.e S<!ltenees.... is be~oming an increasingly common cri".cholarship......bout collocations from Ihe opposite page. " ..... (INTfNST) . so I h2d to . it on a n~w car last week. do they (a) not moke it (b) make it in full (c) p~ttially moke it? 5 What is the ~ri"".. . and quic~ly. ... words colloC2te only with debt.1 -ridden to coo "" ... r...... when COSts and interest rat~S arC high. nt~nc~s bdow. on books when I was at university. had to gel a job... . 7 Mony people don't lru. "l"MgoI . 4 I hod no resource of income.. of 2not:her !"'rSOll's cred it cud? 33.. 5 We pla~ed down a depo. from the box_ Sam.. 2 ~ insurance company ta~es all ... in serious debt. ill .. 10 You will pay a lot of in". very seriously.. 8 If we don't cut up on luxuries. unlike most of my friends. 4 I had no grant or . The new Chief Executive has introduced ~ost-cutting methods.... borrow make opeoo "ay ~ollo~ations from the opposit~ pag~ and usc them to IltJpplomerlt ...(n) to ge t into to P""f oifa(n) an u""utnori.. 33. re't if you go m'er your di..(nJ to b• .... (FALSE) .. who owed thousands of pounds..... we're going to find ourse]ve.t online banking because they are afraid of id~nTification theft..Exercises 33.. 3 The man"g~r falsified company recordings and stole mon ey from her employer....nt and h2d to .. 6 She bulted on her loon repoy"". 33. " ...... ..

~ <rend w hich i< <e!. . Th i' G'''''''nlm<n l ha. " ~ . Hm we are particularly proud of tu steady growth ex perie nced by ..~d le .hinl!! of rho: FMtI.UCct. to win the battk againSl the black economy.m " tb...ffilo rhit to ' 19'''' th is Y"~r..blish wnrld-class public S' . I.aidy behind them. how that indu...] oppnrtunity." t. to achieve that goaL And we havc m<t with consid" abl e . il l L ...I think h"e particularly of the I"" In .. boo r~j.' l and lead 10 ri'ing unemployment.h up cost.. Thi•• h. we mu.>blems of Ih. . CUltUf~ 01 inn ...\If economy "f un(lccla.. And in the l ~teSl quuter. rapidly falling profits • th~ p<<. al~ . ocial c~d"'ion 6 and impm"e pc nple 's life chalLces. inAa. g. . W~ h ~ve ma~ it our ~ im to • • feS". d." who ha . In particula{.. no of 2. to allocate r".i" .. !fkft unch eckcd lD .ioll ) doing very well • prote-e. 'Ibis government is committed to it..<-"tOc"" nOi <to pped II income that p"0pk fail to ["POrt ta til..5 per ""nt. int~res1<' a"d the heal thy ecollomy we hH e crea ted has enahl ed thel" to incuu~ oUlput. I. I .The economy Budget speech _ . Anoth" 01 our goals i.. to build up . of tho .. tllx 'l1!hOTili~. I control inflation [continuous iaccra. m ~ll bu.::"rI.fuL The _ ..:".t now build On the success j of the climate-... of uninlern.uy is thrivin g·). I- 0 . lucce. ud ..l! and other .t<I "'0 0"..~ \d he ir u. ling for 1 M long-lerm .: of lilt pmi_ ~rwnea.. very dramatic. itc'<OrOO """.!. nlik~ly '.... th~ eco nomy h ~s ""~n growin g ~t ~n ~j1jlu al ... t.... gru l is to est.. . c k" fo rtunate plac" .. S<'"tOn yc o".ax ev~sin" rractices .will pu. The p1ulllllleting profits' cau ""d by the previous government's misguided policies a..wed 1l:iAh1... VC _.. The -.. tta" • • t 2 P"" «nt .ptt1i oconomic growth..·ices thf()t1gb inYestl" ent and reform in order In e"'Ufe that taxpayers receive real val"e for money.ourct.. to n>nrinue wilh our ma jor . 7 impose or introouce I bu n very successful ' dc'Ck>p . These arc viral to extcn. 'Ibe ta~es that we levy' allow u. eradication. Public .." .. in society tbn oth~". the black economy .] .uece.ed earning. uncontrolled..pending g"'" In provId e strong and dep endable Pllblic se[Vices .om y "' '''''til.prniom ".e now . in stimul ~tioJ! growth. . (Urt'frlr _ mM: diIIo...hangc Icvy wc introduced laSt )'car.. .J the. nnckrprivil ... their intcre"..re ito«rua rawf arc ...nCIIUn:1o lllalrb ".... " make co"" Ti".e ill pIic".. A ll indica roro .

ending.ite.~cure income.low down the economy by _ _ _______________ _illtere~t rate" then a company's co sts will be .. 4 ____ unemployment is a sign of a healthy economy.4 Compiele each sentence u. 34." of the current economic 3 Although heavy inci ustry is m dedmc. 7 A political party might think it WaS a good idea to slow gro wth down but it would be vcry un likely to . interests. " earnings.nt w ill want to _" opportuniry and to _. earmng' .. rather than the _ __rer". than oyer . t The government has mOrC control ovcr ."iou.ing "'Llrd. .. "" ".. thrivil1g.2 Which of these phrases would a Finance Minister be likely to use abont th e economy under hi./her own gnidan~ and which about the economy under a pre...pending.. .mercial waMe coliection in order to enco uragc recycli ng. sufferins !>. "". 6 7 8 9 10 soarin g profits priyal!" . company'.a feguard hi.'iou~ rival government? 34..3 (either Ihme underlined above or their oppo. ___ . scrvic'C indu stnes arC 4 Thc CEO is an. inflation. . pending to ~ co. climate. __a levy on co"....ts 1 to invest for the ffil!li term 1 to restric t opporlUnit)' 3 dccLIIl·d earnings 4 fuJJ. resource•. . " .Exercises 34.nsible to invest for the "' " ''' ' '"''''' ' '" .iru: unemployment S stu nti ng growth to lrutJ:r: in[crcst rates toabpij'haievy 34.. to . S The goyernment has decided to _ . S If the goyernmellt want.. 3 If yon havc a stcady and . "" "'" "growth.a y that it w anted to . .. ooal exdu sion.ile P"IIe. in these collocations on tbe Oppo. t The govcrnmcnt is finding it very difficult to curb 1 The country i.. may 6 A progre ssive gm'ernT'r". output. 5 New machil1 ery has enabled the factory to increase it< 6 The ta_" a uthori'i (:t pl an to tackle Ihe i~suc of ondedared 7 The budget plan explains how we intend to allocate our various g We . to . .nu<! tadle and solvc the problems ~aused by .3 Find thc oppo~itc of the underlined word . and .) in Ihe appropriate form. ntcnce with it. 2 Tax inspector< mah spot cl~ks to ensure we do not have "ny . . from 34.. "" "" .1 Match the ~inning of each . .cau. 0 their profit. growth. then it may be .

tho mo.Hies • • I! w.. A: The thing i" people should b. nd order bru k down.arel~ ""~.u JJenl)' 7 "<pc..hould do 10methi"g to provide affordahl e hoo. and note the collocations in bol d. ". nd public dl$Q rdeI7111 .ohlem.'d? Thi' booIo: of!. too little.ti3ia<tion by <fOwds of p'<>ple. right.. smp to a negative panern of b.u .an .cholds arc ~cry ~ompla indeed. boo<: uIb fur a fre. .... B: Yes . 1\' Fift. ll : Yes. of t fle first ' p'aker by usiTlg the colloc::>tio!l s in bold. D isaster and After by ~Jldr.h drivt J t o ~dd<"" \t1 .. I a posmve mil".ing.:cn pt. <iti. "bout !«Xia! problems. *""' dy<funrtioul 11 f .... I.milics.. ech~s from =etings where local problems are being di.er . A: TI.. the government .elm.·e for most ordinJT)' n. of book.r Cent of f"mil~.haviour • burst Out .intense 1n thi ' AF ragile Calm by ALexa"der H. our joh is to proyide !helter "' qnickly " possible.ocktl.>. A: Toe prohlems fJ.". . Tl: Yes. ~ould be introdu~cd.. . n.~ghbourhood watch s"hcm~".Ced by poorer ho" .. Flei g" book looks at aLW Mtives and o~ L "ssoo .i t migff tioftl' C "<ooD mic migration be >eel' a< • '-"'t .urro" nd i "'l larg~·$C"I.tory.. [financial support from th e statel Grttn organisa t ions arc increasingly important as a force for change in the world TOday.d dre. Many are in hons es which are 10 bad no one . c.. B: Yes. too lat." Lo. polit ici . T Dream a Be tter life b...1 ' n..!l!i. ster< occur in po". SHt1 ~ f probl~m th at must b~ t. R: That's right.lc« . A: When someo~ become."""".~ W en law .ubi ""t 01 tIM booIo:. 1~ ...h "alions plO\'ldt rrilff 'II'ho:fI di . A: TI..cw c/lor< • on urgent or . often fed ashamed ..euss.n for 9<>00'. "' ~n riot.thllr th on oL "."'stance.0 . [ it iN in Crisis by Mm: (. Too many people arc living with poor . . espe<iaJiy a bout a political maUer • wcial .ion 01 Ji" .. tend to 1.e problem is that hOllSe< are too cx!". tructuu • extremely . [formal: an illepl drug] Famili es who claim benefit.. Anyon e inciting violcn~e deserve.....o ~n Iiow . affecting low-income familie" and they are indeed compl e" .eycre 10 in • yery bad condition "n<>t b. motional req~est . more vigilant . ? Haloy". from hi.. '" Is thi . are living in houses WiThout running ..1 kt drll(:cnia~9 rne~sule...ond the idea.~ th •• <>Cial fobric ' . harsh punishment. erupt" ... Other collocations connected with social issues TIe wa s arrested for possessing an ill egal . Holoy Sho uLd ri. t ho ..bout erinle ill their local commuTlitie. our immedi"te !. bring..n« ' new an J origin.ter. m.. whic h r..baving normally Neighbourhoods and housing In these speaker extra~t.it with firm I)'.d. oonb1 ..anitary conditions and it's unacceptabk that there are houses which arc unfit for human hahitation. hon".. ".e people who encouroge other< to commit vioknt acts sho"ld be dc. the S('(.hould he living in them.rs a novel l $oIution. ..ny iosu e. P. there are m. B: That'.. of run-doom . A"ti~oci'l behaviour.. U"~ . ~. k is to fiTld 0 roof for them.. it would he good if more n<.\ d dejl€ r><ie ncy.wt.Social issues Facing and solving iocial problemi Read these short review..kes • plea' for qo~~ rll ~ nt' to brut the eyd~. bost . ".

"ish.. """" .. .. ..o mpl cldy and there wa..m.. ~ n d ind~ed most people beli e¥c tf>cy ~ re ~ force . ..... ...._ 8 The union rcprescntotj..... there was major .. S Community leader.. ... . ..".... can hoyt a ""..!!.. .... .. M~l ch 35.t part of the ~ity ho•• n. . hoo ld be JCVC. _-..... 3 CU IOm' offici al s Eou nd some ill egitimlte subsran... c!. . .:e <>Ct.itiyc inAuence in th. .b. Hund red...o~ nd them.ins wn ....lnci~Uy. an d some time...".>cb stntn>tt ..n ha"" to cla im the i..<s of glo bal PO""flY ~ ~d dige:1SC_ 2 The ... "". hlc buil..ve ve'y b3dly witb regard l<I others a. 1 ' [b ..... •.4 Con... 7 MuJlifuncrion~1 c... N eighlx lUrhood committe".es to p... tfy hud to ..d 2 Aid agtnci .." .• _... upply l11el1llS th:tr Ihcy h. e {a.hhuurhuud walCh $Cbentoe. 2 Th~ Minister said it was tim e 101 a n Clih driving (0 cut crime.. There i ~....... hope o ur lIew o'&" lIi....-nmen t tool.... community.. ol".. a pIn for und erstand in g ~ nd I"lerana of ~\l h ura l di ffc~~_ 6 J'eoplc w hu ......1 2 The lad uf a ""..•.:d. 4 All !>uvcmmcnlS ne\:·d to a dolrns .. . .ur . 4 TIle run-out are •• 01 the city ate olun dangerous at nitht. Th.......... You do> 0101 I How .....w has roof.....inning of ..... fu r seyer....... nighl)'ou oltm sec 14· :>ud I j·yu r-olds consuming ok ""uL The ~I\y Ill S a big proIl km with ___ __ ."" eanhquak...iJ. S W.ousted ill the su eel......... . nt... thing< got violenT. rio... ocn to:n« ....... b.. •.... ... too" in I"" appropria.c ""'!lIns.:... 1\.... J PuG! propk of.... . violence threatened thc $oci~hl~ fabric....:e....~ The authori.:In y h omes w here peopl e bd .d 10 providc 6 As The d.. i[h il ' en ding..·. ..:.....[ liry. .. .. dno<unian btndi.. 4 So<:ial worke . bUI i. i. 1 Compk tc c... the issue of ak ohol ~bu. ....eltcr a nd food '0 . ..li ng.l da}".sing 3 co lootion fro m ..e i~ fnrnil ies ""Mre violen. thi.. an ~ ______________ __ . <. '..._ ••. a nd Ibe... 6 Ht I'fOJ'OS'NI a uu¥d in solUlioo to ~ ddress [~islue o f !IOCial incqu. ..... the eyde of .•. .-.."".....". crupled In all the majOI cili~ ... ]5.. ilf ~uuncit iDl < oouc:cd ~ d .. ..en nl public di!lOTder.: '-err poor _ 3 4 j 6 35. .... of publicity d'sotdc .••.joConte nt getw. . . in order to .Exercises ]5....aTi O<\ will be a forc:" for p<Jlitical changing..>y< rfle lJeS ' tbing? J In 199 7..milies Me'" d lflicull problcm for mcial work....... nivc fin. did a pi" lot the w". in the S pa ~cn8er '$ luggage.. of people p.. /mas".. big pro hlc<n with _ .....d y pU _____ ..... 00 Ihe streets b SI night_ 10 II .. ycry' difficult for younR peo:l pk to lind affonl.. law and order .. ...ken ro stand fum .... _____ _... 00 The hou.... eme'seney relief..... .3 It IS " Ilfir . . ing " ver b from dIe n~d [ 0 " "" a1llhc ~'" in 11)( bn~."..2 _ ____ viok~ .. e 3 1C l~ tS In iL the bq. .. ~h~ O$.1 th e <ollo. . Complt lc cam ""mClla: .. ad. 9 Then "'ore sce... " ..hc uppusill'.:otlon ert"Ol"S in thtoe stoten.. 3 1ht to... _.

..[ending the limi.. • I tlC'.'tt fY roore mu..lic place..Tho)o pullli... • H"". " .t of \'I(fk \::l ~ tu tI".witched off completely Innovations We asked our readers to remind us of the 6tIIe technical innovations tbiit have quietly entered .er ""en write a ffieql-"."" Lof koowledge ewry d3y. . is trall5formin~ our d3ily liv~s and our bllSiness"" But eVen with technology we are . pu!>lw. I ~JSt f>Ut ..s res1or. " . II iI1 d1 .. ..hart lor .. • ILlS! SATNAV' in thee".".. puiJ."""ls 00 yoor tcack "00 wI1ite TIi7 ~ )'OU turn )'OUr ~ge ~31·..... hol""c!>' . !Jnt. ". • Rernember wherl yoo had 10 I¢ off the ""fa to . I'HI' i" 'lou r lu rch tour? I never ~ to >lO "rote.. ~U<'>."....Iready famili<lr with. lnun .our lives over the Iasl2tl years." """'" in d..)joJ'.. thi~ do not """ays run smoothly"...".the pid . ~ get []fl . IlY PIN aod ta!<e oot the cash! • Yoo're mcre il<e~ tc howe tt)$wipe ' tard tMn us.I can c. rioce of f>last" in " sIct.- 5<_.. • My mut colcctoo used tot. e bnlaotic . . I oi rr>r r'u n.orJ< \. If computers have to he shut down' for ~ven it short time.cir findinv.."!n TV m '00 lil ~ remot" o..ge wl:hout mobile~? .. .ntrol' • Hiih-~ofinition TV .b of creati~e W<lys. all of thl'lll co~tly.. Scientists pulllish th~ir findin~" and those findings are del/elop"" inlo (ommerciJI <lpplications.ts and t"dlooklg. no<..u].. I me 001\1 ai>le b dCWIlload rcw rin(lcn1l1! Ct>'Tl Pded wl:h iJek<e.. 2 rc.."'ing back the fronl..". We have b€c()Ille very skilled at h<trne"in~J technolo~ in all so. • damage caused by ordinary n..h<re peoplo can a"".nd l os greit to be "b!r \0 remote ' ~$ Iny email. There can be diffKulties inJt~ling equij)lllent and hardware can suffer from weo..t.moch e".d . and tear".!s are p. MP3 pIaj.wiloh o~.t". • 'he m"" innO\"athe design ' .".. which can CauSe svst~m~ to cra~h and lead to the loss 01 important dill". nd I k>ie a l the extra bls. 'maling usc a l . tt. .~oo it"..ier tho n Wdr@ at " P" P'" rnap. r====~I SAID 1W'i lfFT}I(JT R/GIiT ~ • Wi " le . b. • Remember whoo you hod to rush " . ignal . e l:.olr. ". " let . N<m I'><e J.1. the TntofTlCt via ~ wireless . it (an cause a variety 01 [If[lblpm~...k '1I!reO m my Ill. Here are some 01 their replies. A power cut mav (ause machinery to lose power ~nd productioo rmoy be tlaltcd until t>Owe'.. Cnlin" b""kin~ i... More serious are viruses."f" irto.and ~roved? . New cuttini-edie desiin.i. worl without problem. d d ~ rr~ ".:!..... 1 """ the".. my c... 01 tho limo . days.atcllitc navigation inter. fantastic ." "rto\l • I tr .. NOT 1irwIir>t...""" C¥'Y mll:h 're" morey' and I Mrd~ ".e up a 1'0'1"* ...36 Science and technology Technology in business Scienti.

they wo"ldn'r ha'i~ had to ha lt producing_ 6 Vic dreams of making a disco very r~at would help to push 0111 the front~rs of science..~ .t can r oo dol S What ~veurual1y happ"llS to d"~tri~al irems that you u. 2 I didn't e"p<:cr everything to run gently 11' my n~w job but I didn't imagine it would be quite 50 difficult as it was.. over a ten-year period and finally p"blished their finding this month.tching tele.....earche. say.wer th ese qu estions using collocations from the opposite page... . 9 lJrs irwe< pute Te<earch but hi. hutting it properly. I 0 Th~y c arried out re..creen can be u"d to m e~n (a ) TV and (b) the cinem a ? 2 What can o"title co][ocare with a. 3 AI~" had <orn e t~chnical problem. She'. _ 36. in a company . ) 1-'"'.... ntenee •.-ith ".ometh jng differcnt... yon may \0'" data.. more I If YOll swileh off your comp11ler with011l ..Exercises 36.. peopl e to visi t the b~"k perro nally to do their bn. 36.? 5 What migbt you uy to find at an airport if you. was n power bTe~k t hi< mon.. regnlarly..4 Use a dictionary to h elp you answer the qu estions. Or there was a .1 Look at A. 7 Scientist< usu~lly publici "" thei. _ An... .. _ . In some sentenc . 1 Wh~t three technological devdopm ent' ha. 5 If they'd servie~d th~ir machine.". wh~n a call wm~' in. an MP3 player nsed for? 3 What m ight happen if the cnmplller ' y'tem. initiming his n~w compute! eqnipIIl<'nt.""ous problem with th " software or h~tdware ' 4 Is it ~Iw~ys necessat y f"..... . 4 The company is fam(}l" for its cuning-side <.ille. CorreL1: th e collocation ..... T he power W~Tl t off at ten and it wasn't festora ted till midday.2 \'('hal arc the p"oplc in lh" piL'tuTcs doing? AnsweT u<ing a oollocatioll from B. the..ksign. e m~de w. Wh~t do YOIl do! 7 You are tired of the ""und j'Dllf phone make. Ih~ce i.'hat cnllocati"n . findings in aca<kmic jonrnals. .ing. brother is mo"" inte""sted ill the applicati(}ll of research to pra~tical pmle~ts and m harassing new ttt hnol"gy for cnmm~Tcial ends.. nddenly became over!oa<kd.....e ~ lot? 36.. well as shopping and banking? 3 What can remote collocate with as well as ace"" and control? !II .. 1 \'(.ision a better experience? 1 What i. want"d to ~hec k yO~T cmail from your OW" l~pt"p! 6 You want to watch TV b~t a horing progra mme has com e "n.... yo~ want . .3 H e'. 8 Th.rron in than one error.... Wh.

.e •• e critic>lly ill fii:ht for one'.. ..usht from ..lylp.ok death "..h"ke offthi. ."" which m.. ur><:on. n illn.. However..tt>. I OO<Jld ... untim.ration PATIENT INFORMAnON LEAFLET n<lt exc •• d the NC(}mmfll<kd do. NOT mak<.. aim. c.-. he.. cO[l..<.. and made a full ["~OV"ry. extreme lyld. cold .. ' . regain «><1>oiou. j)" ..I!" <loc((>. ~ d by the Y"""l: wom:m'. .". iou.ge • ma.ffe et childr"" .. dd ..~4 ". lter - into I cotnf."..~ "coivinl ' blow to the he... .!. didn't cam.. course of Fortunately.A1d. l" ko n too much of a Jrug J unwanted _." • If)'ou thillk yoo hoy" IRken on overdost1..cioo'. ><01 critically ill in OOspi"'l. <re>ming col d &=pk I've had a .rihed .. n'tel"J menliQJ1C(i in lhi.d it for nearly two_on My " ". )'0 ' ''''.sive he ....".l . .I've h..n ' " • very .'. too early an .. been in poor health for he in poor h • • IIl> . born with a rare iIIn. off.. Iif" fa~ wo.f/"".. Tlle<e '~ 00 )'Q'J!Q 1.rt . htini for their 11""" Thf. coo. • . """'g • he>ry cold s ot rid of • cold -- ..eco!!dary dfeets of a drug < negative IIIne!is co/iocation • ..ffer any of the side . ..'....d a mas.hak. e ldom occ"". W..rt .he was ~dic"tion. <old I wi".imm«iialciy • If YOI' . . . an o!". feH into a cama . he.\Ij'\ClllIO~_ NOT~.. left tllree people r.'. oot be n ry wol di""".... I worr~d that she might have to have an operation'..tt>. 11 . with W3t di.J.1y ill In d. Tile b. out ofth" com" for f"".m"tu . di .ngerou.. • • - dooth '"-. arninj! cold for d>y' """'_ m. ..nger of dyin£ Th.lr YOCLr uoct<>r at pharmac.37 Health and medicine Maintaining good health r with g:entle nordlM to watdl whit w«J eat.. lealkol. or all)" other adyo. Sh. " that . day>. sh~ r"<ponded well to (real~nt.poo:t Treatment When Alexa waS JiagnoseJ with" scnous medic81 condition..t. duth. .Jdi..inly .om."{jono. d . i i.. oll.k ""time iyl prerMt" '" we. box . He ". nLJrTlbor 01 infectious di. language of the ""akt>. OOt 01 ..d.e. T he accident ha.r. .e heart attack. her doctor first prc<.by • """ illn e.n inlelOtloo.

. of up . man still in.. OOo.ntt'" 10 I. . ""........... Your aunt doesn't look very well. n ope. tmentt ~ wt......... tr.. ... tout root incu.. Mozart died when he wa s just 35... com...e re. 37. Zr... ... Whot dKlthe doctor say about your grandfather's painful leg? SM has referred him to a surge"".... .. I...______of flu of medicine ~ of p"nicillin 5 3 ______ reSIstance to .... initi...... a se nsible .4 Complete each .. .. r""ny no.. Mo h sure you don't take more than the doctor told you to..pond to t". did Sam h..r>joy I<"e" ..... ort of ~dic .............rt ... ___ your strength medlC<lI practice 6 -----a 37...e. you have to What's the prognosis for your unck now hr 's had a kidney transplant? lie's still f.....ince Su nday... go On a :---.... Yes..... Have you still gOt that cold? Yes... dl. diabetic? Well..... friend i......... hod ••treaming mid ....3 Match earn qu estion with its answer. Don't worry. d Hi. he had a very .....ell the." the collocation fork •.. the patient re c".e."..b. Why do tl...ri[i".... n\ het 6 VVIlat . He has to .------ ....orne ad • . of meoica<iOl1. I would never .. e Y he'.. ctlo".... •.........."i. "ill figMlI1g for hi' if• .......... ~ 00 00 do ""oIth ...2 ge ntle c.. t>rothe rl 8 \-\Ihy """ Tony 1001< "" worried! ~ How does Joe pI.... 2 3 4 5 . c A...i'lance ....11y WI """i"" ". 8 6 9 Did the medication the doctor prescribed help you? Yes.ttack.....-----2 an infectious ~ a rare .. .......... ...lIy had.....Exercises 37... e<. a halanced-.. ............... I'm afraid she is in ratMf... . 37. '.tay in ho'pitolt 5 Your little bo)' h.....x. I I... he t ort 7 Whot c"~d MoS'.. 1 condition h....t 2 Wh>t did P:at'.....IS? To try to prevent p"opl •.hort dialogue using a collocation from the opposite page.. build w~.....-.... to ...port yoor ~o rod"".n to build up hi.. AnM: Ben: Clara: Dea n: Ellie: Fran: Grant: Harry: lnga: Joan: Karl: Lotte: Masha: Nina: Orla: Pat: Quasim: Rita: ..........ea......1 Look at A.. J juSt con't .orne rather unpleasant .... He ""m~ oo[ of i[ thi< morniot ..... .. ......ei ing rather weak but he'. Yes.!th<r die of! 3 How didTim~ uncle re...." " to" 4 diet Compl ".y only..lndf..... ~ H.. H..*ring yet! • He hod to b A he. but it has had . f A mur. . Combine the words in the box to form eight collocations... . h. an incurable . ....e tablets in small pack.. Do you have to change )'om di et if you'r.. expected to ..

ltd aU lOQwledge of \he Ia av . ~rd.nd j.l(ion had failed to prove beyond doubl thm Ms Wilsoo was guilty...Dd ~jvc.i"..ing vory fa" • circllm"... 1k ""eused. orocred the organi... Joe" ".L kgb.im. ".... hould Ixc trial on rhe h"i.1 1c~d Mory JOIlC' WJl relea""j (h" U10fnlllg . law)'e" succo"rull)' oOllle."" _ Th<.il11: WI11"OO" early for good btha.. of mllrtlcr.ation or per""" who has been r<spomible tor caus." in rhe City alway.-.. Jeremy.re broug~l ((I rtC Illly "I..... .iour i" comple'e non """". ~ of.m..d people don'r .. My . LOd:!y in \1Ie Misth""" muruCT trial. sh<.ltd lite which 'lCnt<oced ~.bI.imilar institlltion ' sen'c the fuJJ amount of timt .... Clare Irene Wi]""...entence to be served in "pri~on Or .ch on 11>. wh.ltion ... felt j"stja..cri01l' mi.om to .I "'rnoon<" put on trial . " deaL lli. Tho jlldge ..l.carriage' of jUSlice' the ".i "" make" oW"" to • deciJe 111. And I'm .dict which all the deci.erve OUI' [heir ' .". c. city "00 it'.im«l 1<l h.11 oo."! We're bcin~ ....ve .. .nd to p." adjounltd I unt~ Match 7th.1 to . 1. about time .pe p~ni"n .d to dlange it . /10"". id . Ih..t'il"".L Ivl""..".:and Iri ."em <0 ' ju.' Oue . an _ lablt wi"".e evide.1e. . onrtun>ed t~ • verdict in the Court of Appc. . imow' ~crdkt' [way in Raylton bUtric( Court. to poy money to tbt victim as compensation • d.nto .".hOllLJ have ro .e no! iiI to UJ> <hU¥" .c. . i..:"-~"bout . Courts and trials The._ Dc'pile . while poor people .i.--~k1 Liam (. ~ U llelh.. J<~><-. l ~e. lI.cu .een tl>< . "bout courts and trials... and puni.' even for committing minor off.btl.r (0 J"i""" for throe ...ing' crim< r~t<..t lessen the blame... I'd like to point out that [here hoy" be. :Mr l1am" anti ~ ..(i.h.. 27-yc."\~< mi(!ht umi. ".. Jc. . •• f:t. d leaving M." nrwsp.ing injury Or Iosl.. n.Iso miligating circum'lance.jyl ).i. j.. {Ol!nd 8uihy.d with the VOIdict and tri. remanded i..)' bad d"..1 ".. it".as ~ not lunt). ~ " . w.xtenu~ti"g circum'lOnee.d damage..>~ why (nwnci..l collocation. I wos suspended till a later time or date I . OCC".. irllation whore innocent people Ole found guilty • invented . to " radio phone-in programme call~d 'Your Je...-'fl1¥_ I won ' (0 Im o".'a~ro.. from call.hImnt. n'Once.lway.nce.eem to receive c"'lOdial oen'cnce.""my'.judge.l. """"". Mr Jame.thot Derek Yardley w".c wit~'" ol..."&.'enee.. thm 'hcy . . ~ _ rhot 'OIDCune had a ocpri. not appne in court hJ\ I.a.nd f.. nod . .Criminal justice Expressing views about crime and punishment LOQk at these extract. CU$t." the c"" is not worth aM1sid''Tin~ . 0 0 ..jeffi is about ori"". 37. Egdoo.per dip" contain typic.. A ~ey witness ta..t".. ...t:k of hearing [<ali se how datnasing thi ' i" No Ilc"~='C~.. couple oi in thi....ii!On umil (he lrial l>e&in' 0< COlllinU "..""'.. e - ~/ _~ m I • .flor. I ri. atCu ".If did.imin.ai d .m. ~ ><-. hod been . The trial.l.nil...'ed 01 unrdiabl •• vidcu<Ot Or tn""""J-' '"' childhood.... the ca~" he fOlJnd in ..."".tice. thot . 0' they'.. 8m''''''.W)'"" *'_1"00 (0 >lLa.

. you go to prison I only serv~ Ih~ senlmer if you commit anothu "rime I have to do «. dge of tl~ erim~........ Thi.mlation ha.!. yon are allowed to go home I ohliged 10 i"'}' some money I kept ill pri50". offences...... 4 If you . 3 If yon ar.y are accurate I in~lmted ' exaggerated.. S If charge.rli~d part of each of Ihe.tody.« appeared On court for the first time today.. said he d ido"! know J u)'tbjlJ!.ound more like ""tracts from newspaper '"POrr....airccd with the co\!l.... lawyer ciaim .... He ha... but no one helieved hcr... in B...e l~ felt tb •• vidwce was not stro.. all knowl.... 38..... to make IkID 1 3 4 5 ~ An incn·a~i... 2 [f yOll get a custodial "."" been recorded in the la't no. Th... Tbe jury was qnick to reacb a .. John Jo" •.. d that there were ""me .e becau.rr the robbery.. soon brought into ju\....hould yuung criminal! get "way without bring punished for crime.. accused ...... nunc........ k. ...rJg..5 For each word in box A find two collocating word.... 3 'fhe wirn...... of jllsti"" recently.. W~y .... there have been a number of . .. rem anded in cu......Ab!l. 1 Unfonunately..4 Compl~{e each sentence using a word from the opposite pag~....nl!mber of crimes per head of tb c JXl. 2 3 4 5 ~ 7 8 9 Th.~ !"Tl!lIIKh. Tb. dam~ge...... 2 He was later remanded on cu<tody... for the injury he hod 'Hffered..ll13t the trial would now take "la ce neJ{t month...U. 38. ]8........i"".. k en in court on .. from oollven.me wmmunity servi<c.1 R~'Write the lllldo.... in court...... th.... The trial has been .. .... .~... but only for cOlllmitting . 38.-s with prepO\itioni in the colloc ation. The judge liaid. are trumped·up.. newspa!"'r said ..... 4 The murderer wa. 1 SOllleone mi~ht g" out of prison early for scoaring' extenuating I gOCJd khavioUf.onable doubt.. until n....... bad been " rved by eM conviction ofj<x Lec....Exercises ]8.. 1 He was ru' in trial for murd er..3 Correct the mistak......~ the ea. jllst ix"C..ark...... circum<tan"..·elv.... is the \ixth time the accused ha.".. .<... Thon writ" sentences ming each of tile t~n oolloc:otion.d.. A find face .....act....m enc"....xt w .atiom . 5 The cas" against "It Sharp wl\ proved over r"a....... lawyers di... YOIl"re reiMsed from prison early I kept i" pr~o" for th~ full am()uW of timc' kept in priso" for life. .- ......... erv" out a .. The judge rhrc.2 Choose the correct collocation. finding th e accused guilty. Wei" wa.... v~Hlict...veral prel'iou\ ocCa"on. ............. month.~ ""t........... (j......use of th~-ir "gel Tb...

. TM • I building up larg.my.j.)' a!tach I.. • p=o that could o.hot by acciJ. Is. os th o ".lnd "". .{ruction of nOll-military taf£"" .-.top pr.-. bro"ght stab~ity rna"" the region ~01 "f" m ><l the mld. T hey have agr .t2rtJ frem tIli' time stOjltlle~ghting c"".o with hap.b.ilT be """co)"' d _ m~nt to stop ~g/ltin S . pe~c . n{ as they were in the wrong place at the wmng ti "". ~ will '''''n stronfthftn. . ~ ion"" 11ft... cr r"'toee peac" Th< _ in the . a large numb..my At ia" tho to the region.ttockod the <.. "" "..uily b.. • true... i .".-e. un ~"' y truce <1m< to an _nd ". an agrteJl"Llt to <top fighting Ending fighting e<>/Iocotkm UIl • • SY true.hort and narrowly t~rgeted milil.Q/j"..od.ct . ""' ry "'-. ~~'" n . T he c"". to di." r> home.''''''' .-made the wario .." no in existe nc" - It will bo hard to p. . w troop' . <<>m<a Int<> ~. b1o<1Qd<t withdr. that coLJld e. ullin~ntjon~l killing of civili.n.-e.. in the ._ ~ of tho t>lks ~ to .~fire will come into ~rr. b. anny.nd soldie" • violena incre".. dram~t."onting o""'rinl ~.tenn ">cd by thu". qu"ntitics of wcapon. ~-. -- from Th<t COlJl1try "lrood to withdraw theirtroop. . frag~ P ''''''" Tho...n .."store pMC" I .War and peace Ten days of war the bor'door." ""iOll' . d to lift the bl<>ekad. .band th e i.... wh" c~u "" it to mah it ""und I."r port>. from the ---- .-ing . 1 maling the nea unsaf.([ack mad. fraiil. oldion out ...tability di.II<>" th o rebel> .._ take the . rnfdnlgnt.r of a!!acis • .. n"my n-om attackinK you . cally .. . pD!. an .. [() P'''''L1t the . ~~. .

BORDER AREA HIT BY __ __OF AlTACKS JUUIlNM.. " . tWO countri~..\ 39. intn df. th." :':":i':":'jl .. The government has promi. becn ' ga.. lr w~_.entence using a coLlocation from the box."'_"'>C~ lift on...dire make.... When peace is repla~eJ. . ed to . 1 2 :J 4 5 6 'Ih. .d to retreat il< tr()(}p' nexl year..mployed large numhers of rroops to the area.~io. there i.. anJ s... ..ed in ><von l ditlor~ nt rop"''''_ r>Um~" of . ".. hoaJlincs. "" given the ...3 CompLct~ cad! ..d find ropot"u DI it io dlfJo~ Eopsh-I>n&L"'1I" now~ •..hi.n engageJ in hostilitie.. wat.omething morela<ting.? do. to . "" .. for a long time. 8 Somo argue that the nuclear detorrent has prevented violence from exc~vating.. .'''''' '' __ __ _hut didn't ..rrots in these sentences. mor.. of piling weapon' and of preparing to Jaun~h a provoked a[!ack..eJ u.". ...1 "nd will conI< int~ off"'t bring 1 What i..be rdationship generally like between the two side ...urzi oal ".. bI""...c. . entence. eIlUI.. 7 l1>ey a~-.""~'~~"~~~~~~~~· ~O".:i le r--o 1:' "" on. . th e UN'..i"" 1 2 3 4 5 The . l1>e new'paper reported t hat rbe enemy had fdt a JeleO! despite the fact that they had .entence.. you r>Oti « M< f'@. have been engaged in hosril../f".he arm)'.!!o ''''''~ in<t>bili[y l1L1m". to "-'!:" the .i. G"n~raJ saiJ that we have carried out <orne ___ on lhe enemy....ed in these new... blockade h . ...' :'i.J. 'DIJ"..ct tnday and all hope it will bring ..e....y had' 3 When will it ..-..."".1 Look at A.2 6 '" . 6 I..I ~. .. _________ _ in the r. " . """"_" "" .." ."" . we . ~... ...~ble to .hall be able [0 deform . nemy have agr...han one <'fmr..ay e"actl)· how many civilians died.""'" will Jevelop into .. . ill..""on"r in t n.ion."'.' on our port<. area again.n find link.pape.""".h. Compl ete the colloca. Note down <010<100'"' tn. 8 Our army is cerlain '" ___ ______ __. aim? 2 What suece" hay.--.stl••: ARMY SEIZES PRE-EMPTlVL LAUNCHED L\ST NTGHT 39.~ ::I CIVIL SOCIETY CALLS FOR A Read the article ~nd ~n..hat the _.rreng[h of the opposition...""""""..o we haJ no choice but '" ___ " . an uncomfnrtahle truCe between the two side. bd ieved that tho aim of the invading army i. . """ . . The cea.".w~r the questions using full .ite www<hobirprojOCLCp U'/"fW' l"'" e.u.. ". I " _'I L ...y be. <u/f<r ( .din: h. At . i..4 Corron the collocation .tart? 4 For how long have th.. ''''' 't.m.. Th.. lbe". gion. fir .. . at tho IllOmen... i. ".x><c a coon".... .? 5 Has the simation been genu'S ""[ter? 6 What i. " .. CI-... are hopes . . _ '*'>' 'flatly III: ..'fI'!ii Il'Il11f. . 39. In som. ____ 7 He mention~J "" " """'''''''''.ion to .. .OI'~ cc". n..""" _-.Exercises 39." . their deci......

bus..om_thing you «ly the wro. and . But only devote your energies to the.>l support' when it w..nk-you lor providi. keeping and losing friends Not.ell get on bad tlrl1S with those "TOUr<! you. J"'lI'ecment hetween friend. dlal' . .one anJ what the)· ore Joing Rorn<mbcr.nd lrier1d5hiP..>en they come undor atti><:k. the colJoc...plett strangu (0"". lifelDn~ Childhood friends? Have you ever met sornec:nc . me.tionship breaks down.t n.howing thot you approye of " ". make fri~nd.. but do.e mogazine hom<L"pe."lt tt> mak. However. btlt .oon help to h. diff"".t wor'<."ehody .'t worry. 'form or cre~te 'l~" • act yel)' qui<kl)' to defend them ' . introduction to an article aoout friendship from a pop~l~r Do you mile a lot of claSi friends' Are they friend~? x.~nc~ m~g~ziT"'. tu t of time'.' into yoor life .ome sUbl.en I me' ~i<. you to put som~ di.ndly terms witn _. "'. rdation.Friendship Friendship over a lifetime Re. l. al the riftl.. '0 don't let ). "dou <""tidant'is uneasy and advi. "it worth it? Ye... It will take nard war.tand th. II'. I usually referring to a romantic relationship .n<:~ between yoursell and the newcomer. goin g to toke r~ationship 0 lot of effort to mok.. sockllising co uld impact positively 00 )'Our life expectancy. tIM wl>l"k.t. . Someone tak ~s ..xual Making. the roost im po riImt friendship i~ a IcnlHerm rel~lionshipl with a partner or J spouse..ou"..')'one. Ihe rs"""'ch s hQI'13 th' t JII"la~ic relatkmshi ps 2 are equally ya illa ble. NOT ~ friood .. th. a good time for yoo to forge' nl'W relationships. Whethe r YDur social network is m"de up of firm frien~s or casual ac~uaint~nces. to remain on frn.~>r. You mJY won n~d ... Yoo'll need to spring to sOllleOnt's defence' thi' we"" ". A good . !..latioo5 are c. fr"ndo" mr""'" «hooI... For mally. in . However.. 20 Apr-20 May ~ Pisces 20 Feb-2D March tf) Gemini 11 takes a long till1e to win someorre's tr~st. collocation.k."j yoo've made a friend for life? People with J larpp circle of friends m"y well hilve discoveroo the socret oi a kJn~ and happy life. 21 May-20 lun ~ frien<!ly. but they could be better. ' p"I<on you trust and . i.g way. advice you don't want tc he". but formal and poJit. It'.e yoo 1 1will. eer. It'.nd instantl y ~elt tt\. thot trust it hurts. '0 wn£n ".. quickly develops. according to recent scie ntific resea rch wh k: h suggest that having good f rie nds may actually help us li lle iC<lger.hare your fe. but it will b_ worth the effort.J. relationships in your life.d rhi.hips which 0'" not romontic or ". l. . with 'en<! ~ >criou.. <led. • h ~ art-to-h u rt chat will .. ling. or IiI><i fricn<k At fir .tion i.g mor. Capricorn 22 Dec-19 Jan ~ Aries R. 21 Mar-19 Apr ~ Aquarius 20 lan-19 Feb (S Taurus A <"". Luter yelfll get" big th.

..2 I wa. on reJ.hould have a hea d·tn·foot: chat to resolvo our differences.Exercises 40..y.. a~qnaintance'. We .. I'm mrry that you interpreted what I said the wrong way... ever sin~c our first day at primary ". . ntffice using an adj&tivc from lhe box.. hard to fonn U(e-Icrm f long..e sentences..ter in tho 1980s. It'.ome di. 'lbey'vo broken up and got back __ togeth~r again . Their rci ationsnip wllap. '" ____________ _support you gave me when I needed it....~ . She got under attack from ..tiomhip' . Complete each .... I am sure that my friendship with Louisa will pa>s f '.. ."'nds.4 Correct the collOQtion errors in the.. We Irk d hard to have the relationship work bul fuiled. 40. 9 Despite their political diff~rcnces the two leaders have always enjoyed relations. friends for many ye~rs. .. If you disuse someone's tru..1 Choose th e correct collocation..=. Foraging f Forcing f Fo rging good relationship..!:t..een for yeats.. 40.. a long·lif~ f Uftlong f Iifdik~ frk nd of my fath er'..... Ome colleague...."" .. at work who didn't like her...agreementS. f'" colb:atioll> you r"rl. nd mako r>O'" En£li. terms despite our professional __ di . us live longer... terms ever since Jack refused to return the money I lent him..>cooe. strangor on a train.. 1 arranged a meeting to try and resolve the rift between Hilary and Jake.boo!. 8 Thanks for all the .aincl his employer'.\ you doserve to lose their friondship. 1 2 3 4 5 ~_ O!" ""Ii "" '0IJr<..ods for She always kaRt to Angela" defence if anyone criticlscd hor. Read ..3 Rewrite each sentom:o using a synonym of the underlined words to creato collocations from tho opposite page. r>OW . help.... tim _ Ilong·term relationships when you're in a job thar involves a lot of travelling. Mason wa.~ oIO'OC1bul. Horo.CQ... 6 She rold her entire life story to a _ .en very ~ood friend.. She has quite a wide circle I circulation I cyd~ of fr.. We've o.. contacted by a ohildi. 7 Ikthan and I hav~ B... ". _ .. trust and was given a very important j"b.eor'" are 1 £000 • =.we're juSt __ . 1 2 3 4 5 6 40. . 2 We have b..}.1/ stand the test of time... . rance belween yourself and Eduardo.. compl ete cordial /n""d ly mo ~ 1 I don't know her well.ed when she discovered he was s~'Cing someone elsc .en on _ _____ . 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 From the moment they met they knew thoy would be fri..... She ~ave me a lot of m()fal support when I had pmbl ems ~t work.... 1 think you need to make . 10 Losli e and I have remained on _ __ __..h I childhood I childlike friend I hadn 't ... S Their relationship hasn't b<:en vorl' . oo rn"" in of ""Y y.evoral limes. -' __ _____ ________ confidant of tho Prime Mini. """" . 3 For many people the Internet plays an important role in devel oping new n<tw orks_ 4 Jack Whitley was a ... H e very quicl::ly g.h one.

.gan to lake each other for granted 1. a yuung teenager..idcmblc contribution to popnlar youth culture. In f.top him as he bonght a red sportS car and . t when their ~randchildr"n cum" to sta}'.y are . adoring parents w"'~ convinced he wa.ellh. if .. disapproving) an nnpleosallt child. b< a bit of a grumpy old man 1. "ill k'&'llly amino. uncomplimentary) ."g f(J( a group which made a cOll.l. und.. LOllisc ~nJ Juhn ar~ happi .urrollnded by thing.nip and .' uf day. ami Joon ale in their ""venti~'S now. y don~ l. They don't have to 'npport their family any more. <till young cnough. almost at one. comrl~ining about thing.! of hr. th. light ach~ from [ime to time mOment of forg. to any hann ' feel as old a. a puiod of "r~nge oc difficult b<havionr Old age Loui".. ir ~gel e~c"'pt I".he had no choicc but to . . gone by. He ~pcnt the Ie.ey both admit to the occasional •.l and panderod to his every whiml .tho I". The"" a"" full of piclun:.faction in the middle of on~'. .t them out of th.he wi.. period of di. to th. was a ll e". I youn~ genius 1 did every little thin~ that ho w. li fe • going [hrollgi. and went off to university and Stewart b.. y conc~ntrated so mucn on providing a stab! •• nvironmenl fur thL~r child(Cll that they n~glected their rclation..lised h e had a talent for singmg and hdpe. • v"ung peopl e who do nO[ accep[ . so that he "oon grew into a 'poilr br~tJ . 'lbey had a hahy' an d th . them th .. BUT then a mmic teacher . .bit to 'peml tM ev..lnted even when it \Va.ay tMy don't f. of gr~at sentimental val".6. wen: qllite poor bill thooe day' arc or'ly a h~'r memory now.. . NOT g<>t • b. "ing' poring over tn cir photo album. The children left horn.ince h. . • (informal.thar n:kindJc memori . m and it ha.he felt . A.1 him to see t~ error of his W3y. n ""oth~.ing.. and qoickly fell into Ihc pattern of family Ii£.oon b. ometirn. not value c~ch nther . . " . they ~'" . Horace'. b. On the verge of becoming a juvenile dolinquont S. et off on a road trip through Euwpe. a criminal who i. so they lin quite a comfortable life'.aid he wal bor. not approp. aid nothing to . become their h. Amy thonght h e wa~ iust going IhrOll~h a pnasc' but .-" badly and whose pare"" allow to behave as hel. d with his daily tontinc and hc wanted to go off and travel tM world while he wa.m baby. ir undivided anention. 'th~ o~casional twinge". b)' . They giv. He .ct. gan to go throush a midlifr: crisi~J. They .re~pcct hi. "citty'.n old m~n who i... She . Sometimes the gra~dehildr~n complain ahout t his but Loui~c always explain" ·We ju. he hung around with the reSl 01 the town's disaffected YOlllh\ and \Va. .he.Jx.ight. nme how liu< often collocates with a lif. When the}' were younger.iug back l11el11ori".ori. mi"akes Middle age Amy and Stewa" got marritd young.iau 1 (inform.h. nior moment>' and John can ."rnncl hi . At hOllle th. tne). 'n....y. teenage years .t want to ma h 'lU~ you don't cor" . a child prodig). wi.I"". Th. one who beh". .41 Youth and age Childhood Ever . value.

Il: Ye" he'. ociety. 41. 5 A: I've read. 1 A: Meena has just ha d a .Exercises 41. 9 l. "'-.Olll out. your age 4 go throngh a crisis I stage I divorce I problem 5 undivided I p"fuI I Ol"fUll dn. Hi~ parents give him whateve. going against . "'ing word.1 Combine Ihe word.. cream. 3 a grumpy old m~ll and a dear old man. B: Well. . enled on Ihc opposite page. orne kind of midlife crisis? 3 My .elliooit llalk 1 . S b. .lake sure you don't let the child out of your view. if M doem't get hi. 1 Ii~e / lead / go I ha~" 0 comfortable life 2 a tirm I familiar I pleasant I stabl. 1 A: Antonio can play all Mozart'. from the box are possible apart from thos e pr.ing collocotium from 41. d ..5 !II Cross out th e word in each . violin cooc. just bought herself a sports car. too co'y to make your do.. 2 a hazy memory and a distinct memory. I must M having an elderly moment. 6 SOHY.. .ct.menlal! <""". 1 Liz'. B: Yes.n 41.po<lt yoocll _oom delinquent pradiv A number of orh" collocation.l alienated from . so 1 admire their wish es and don't cat mcat in their house. """" . lot recently abom yuung p eople who le"..n~ imnment 3 f..s"m ed in A.. got fonr children and she'. 00 you think she'.. 8 Don't worry about your daughter lea"ing hom e. he has seen Ih e mistake of her w ays...3 CorreCT the collocation error. .rto< a nd he'.com~ a hahit and d. in th o box b"'t child 10 form five coUocalions pre. "" .'l . own way..1. 1 It i.. et which doe... 5 My par . not form a normal wllocation. he wa nt.. I just can't remember your name ! 7 Jaequi insi.isler got a baby boy la't montb... . ing home and leaving the house..ts . 41. th ey 've got lovely things for in the shop next to lhe hu'pitaL 3 A: Why did tM police decide to build tha t new unit for young offenders? R: It waS suggested by a bU'lUcssman who'd Onc'C been a _ _____ ..2 Complele Ibese shOTt dialogues u.ito". there seems to h ave been a spate of headlines a bout . B: Yes. in"r~a. I've heard he's a . 6 fall into a pallem and fit into a pattern.4 Explain the difference ~Iween: 1 lea .. 4 an occasional twinge and a sudd en twinge.! ai. in the<e l enience< .ta"dj"lJ value . lts are vegetarians. on.e friend.<e attention 6 share I walt~ lip I rekindle I stir liP memories 7 have adventur-. hi msel f. only nine. older boys a re nice but the YOlmgest . I a baby I "i. and your family for granted. disa!l." 8 "nl. 4 You'll spoil your daughter if you keep on w andering to h er ev" y whim. velop a habit. She won't go to any harm.li"~ I prac/. " . 4 A: Tim'. . What are IMy? 4 1. a _ . I want to get him a present.

highligh ting his uniqll e approach to film. Boyhood.. A ROYAL KISS AND TELL' .r.. back a long w ay.. work.. Paola lets us in on the secrets of her fairyt~le wedding and the lavish lifestyle' she now leads.. o prom _ d ." Tise' to fame.d by the "riti". T he Director's Rowl i. We offer Monty this a ward not onl). H e made >everal short films at university which received raVe reviews in th . C ritic.11 do so for mony y~on to come. ACTR E PHILADELPHIA MARRlOn tell.lt match fixing that kept him ill the full glare of publicity for mllCh of lIIst y!! ar. of fl. Li"coln'. job >nd w.lCtiOfl M 41 ri ch and extravagant way of life . . 4 linformal) diyorce which inyoked m~ny argument. and u"eived nominations for 0 numkr of preMir:iOll ' owa. Ii<st full length teatu"" film.... Let me ... own achiev.ds . iournali3tic) a story sold to the pre. a remarkable film diTC.". itive cc'mmc n lO So CAreful with . celebrity maga:line page CONTENTS 1) 11 J(I AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW W P ITH AOLA SIMONE. H"~da r reveals some of the secrets abl>i.. have hc~pcd praise Oll all hi.. getting trra"''lem in a clinic for an addiction . and w. the distrihl1tion of money and properly in the e..j""" . """rd W. award to him. . prepared to pay most in an ". me nts bur "1'0 beca use hi. the truth about her prenuptial SS agreement) and h ~r m~ssy divorce' from fwtballer Tyrone Finton.' which w~ have received from OIh" di " ctot< . It i. for ~~ • • :S .. I '-----c-~----~cc_--. .Y"" oa n . (informal. tht highcsT accolade" which can be offered to " n yone in hi. ombition of working in cinrma when he got hi .ron t~ .. l\lonty soon began directing " nd enjoyed " meteOT. lICeH •• 11 """" wor ld. Who will buy it? COURT SCANDAL...mn. lo ye life • person who i.11 of our k o. . legal agree ment made before marriage dealing wid... JOEY WINTER GOES INTO REHAB'..~ li "ic) extremely po.uc=. Monty'. aho ut one'. ymbol of praise and appro Y~ 1 4 NOT 5ff<mg iu'poct Ijou". maQ a ouce. mad. was highly prai. T@nnis ace Bac h Kanda.. ~. and legal problem. of the glowing tribut . because of hi. hare with you . Sources dose to Joey reve~l the truth ~bout the rock Itar's drug problem. first job at Sheepton Studios..'ent of a divorce Speech at an awan:ls ceremony We are hete today to "debrate th e achieyementS of Monty Sharpe.. in t he second of t wo in-depth int~rvi~ws. Ito r ~. Traina Grabb.img young director. a bout the life of Abraham Lincoln. NOT ""'""'" fI'<!>' ' OCCCII. of sornflhi ng. ex-girlfriend of Prince lienrik of Glosvatt is ~ady t o s~ll h~r story t o the highe§t bidder!.:tor. Monty'. film-making g"".ity he SOOn Tealh ed hi.. (. work ha ' had a 'ignificant impact' on . profession.. my great honour today to be pU >ellting thi.42 Celebrities and heroes Contents of 11. hott fm rehahjlitation). a wee . student pre"" After uni"er.' 1 rapid rise lOp . SO)' T~ '''''' e nj "1"'d or had I~at .

4 What What What What What \Vhat What What What What kind of divorce did they have? kind of interview di<l yo" g~t? kiml of impact did h~ have ? ar~ w~ here to celebrate? does she want to sell? hav~ YOll got to present? . .d """ ot WW'H. A faiTytale on • . A very ..t important person asking for .. H~r . Are rn .Yoo will fi!'... th~t the interview d oes not include much in form. 2 A lavish lifestyle is one that occa.... 5 A fairy tale wedding i......o me critics but it received . .i" ".e expression.. A prenuptial one. for 20 years. on l>oth sides of tf>c Atlantic.... .on .. A messy on~.'><)rt of accolade did . 3 The critic...hining on someon e or som e1hing.. nevor realised hi •. . ort of agreement did they sign? .enlence.. to fame in Hollywood in the 1990. Glowing on~' .... If .... 42.' .tory.. his latest novel receiv~d a ..? 1 a mperficial iuterview 2 a gf.ive on~ . 10 An exclusive inl~rvi ew . ' ting ". have ". of becoming a to p footballer and play...wer... .ion< th>t you lind in it.1+ow manr c"Hoc..omeone goes into reh~b.. .. ji~ely to cost a IOL of money. Th e 'full glare of publicity' is a me1aphor h~sed on lhe idea of a bright light .. for an award bUl ir did nOt win the pfLZ • • 5 The filno wa. the mo. 'member. gr~at succ. 2 Carlo. ..he get? kind of wedding did they have? kind..... a success of his care~r in music and travelled the world. late" fil m and it has be~n nominated for an Oscar.I>oIlomopzi r>e. family'.. of Ihe Prime Mini>!er'...2 Compl~te each sentence using ~ word from the oppo.. 6 7 S 9 42. an.. negative review. of> <olo brity m"tu. n ..h e didn't .. A pr~ nupt:ial agreentem is an agreement made JUSt after a coupl~ m~rry. A h" aI'l<I tell .ignificant on~.tory i.omeone leiS you in on " secrct.. private life. . true or f~lsc: 1 'Sourc.."."e .. question wilh it. . of tributes were paid to him? Which coUocations from Ihi.. The highest.' .dual rise to fame 3 a minor impact 4 a simple lifestyle Ru d ...rtid e fram > C" '"' . . .. 6 Imel da Fry !?Ive an interview to Cdeb magazine but ....... too.3 Malch 1 2 3 4 e~ch 5 6 7 S 9 10 42.. omething.... omething not geLleraHy known.0". vemem..." close LO the Prime Minister' mean.. uuit ar~ the opposites of the.. ce>l!oc".ionally bre~ko th e I~w. .... they wam to leam a nev.."". 4 Th e highest bidder i. praised by .. Au excl". ... 3 When .Exercises 42. n you fiod' ~ hlitht ""1 i . local te~".ite pag~... from 'M UM c.1 wok al A.... kiH. Her achi. praise on De Sma'.ugg~st. many 7 The film 8 He .. one where a couple talk to lhe press about their relationship... ...... 1 Shelly Winter enjoyed a met~oric.. . 4 In 2001.<>m...tion about the inlerviewee'.... An award. d for hi.. they tell you ....

It'. writing to rxP'"os.mpIe. .. But.. <loud your judgement.1 • provoh a fight ""t Lecturer' these days say that . mOTe m!c.. <:ti"". .e it.43 Criticising people Lecturers and !itudents ~~ Student.Iso be o sed humotollSiy. l""n lh.. fight 4 at any opporlllllity. but can . did you man. . to ov.". I ._________+ "=".'. i)' "'''Y wo. to k have in ~ M£~ti.omcthing".. but I h"". NOT ~ di .rodent. They Seem to ict anyone in to lIojversiry these days . did r"""y "".'" .'"' "".. Thcy "hnuldn't be ~lIow"d to sbick th._)" 1 a n. pon<ibiljtie.."" "'" Ix!. a really ditty trick to pl~y!' [n~sty!dishone't thing to do] 'I think Ron i.ponsible 7 romen"" who cncouroG"' other. are quite forcdul. an inch!' [wouldn'l trn<[ at oil] Other collocations relating to criticising people exampk 1"1 n~ver 10 11 you .use I moko what ..i:r r . " l . if a cia" is a disaster.gative.ko N_ <11" wo "y deep di.~ W lIS student •.. lh .eem 10 hold u' in c""tempte'. h<!I.'bcdon.ch.look . 1 alway.uch a glaring ~ r~' obvious mi. the fault of • r~y no "ncntion to their responsibilitie.id cJ mr cOl"l5tmt nagging.u.t..~. m""'*'g di""PP"intod me bee.--------------' . mr "-P lOo".h the lecturer. not 1>. <ocr". "isf.<tion He Did he was l<IIv. (informal) extremely Ia.d to be..o.'e "'0)' Critical exclamations These collexation. lotting hi. .".fI<ct your iootemol\l ""Pti..re for ()ther student'.. not "ad. lhe blame r""I" birl)' and squarely wi. for ox. seem to lah the flak" jf lhere\ " problem in cI~"" os tf.estcd in mindless "iolone. are wh~t they u". who Cannot be trust. hi..You ha"" touli)' b<!trayed my trust.""""" "'-____ ~ .gain..nt You'.. m ~iooarisf.. 'I am ~ppoIJed th~t you would . 'd"pi. hal'c fl" respect lor authority but they ... 'OQm unimpo. .::au •• hoi WM .] and the mheTS hm"""n "ttimde pmblem".._""'""". a. only • child. • it i.. few 'm""..oY<lments.~. has d""" e-------------------------------------------------f"''"''"'"> ... Your ~ow . good look. unoooperati>..omoo".'iour was totally oUl of ord".!' rver)' inoppmpri""J 'It """ a downright di<BmcelO bch~\'e like that~' [ab.. day. than hooks "nd is ready tn piLk.II. 0 nost)' p~(C of work!' [an unpleas~nt.. H.ruptive inAuencc' who po"ons the almosp/l.Iippery customer) ill one of my class".. decided thot I am a di.e 'be held r. alutdy di'gr~cdl.".t-y ha". attitude (infOfmal) 'OrMon. A rising intonation combined with a 'mile will soften them. umrustwnrthy person I 'Your heh~.I have On~ >cry .. Half of them ore bonc idl. He".lil 'I wouldn't trust E.to b ~ little . . bad as that] 'That w".'".toop to thot level!' [dn .

.orne ..."hay.. sentence using the word in brackets in th" appropriale form.. " .!..ems to be making the atmosphere al wOfk less pleasant than it nsed to be.. """"""". Ih e tr<lnsiarion work do"e by your student Ix... ("RA ef.. .... 3 dirty trick would n ever ________ """" to that level __ "" _""..1 You suspc<:t your neighbour.ite page that could b e "... .2 Find a collocalion 0tI the oppo. " ... full of ... Sue'. 4 You ~Iw~}'.. . 43... . (give two answer. W3' rath er silly h ut now sk h" done something particularl)' bad.orne illegal a~tivily. ". is inyoh'ed in . of . I wouldn't . belill~ hold botray . 5u".... (MIN") Your work i.1 Look at A.. ...wrie. Glyn._ errors._'''''''''''''''' . IMre a re a few error.."""'" an artilllde problem 4 a fight S th e blame 6 7 8 9 10 . T have .111..... -"iy ~w neighbour look. ddinili(>!lS. Find ~ wllucation that matcM' each of Ih.." '''' "" -' __ « H" eone '. u." at work ." ..) Josie'< be ha"iour waS _ . Geofse i... seriously 4 pnw(}ke a fight 5 be blam"d 6 'poil the mood 7 d.n't seem to YOll 10 do any work ~t .. some o"e's truSt 2 in contempt " ___ __ . 'pise 8 a negative impact (on olMr po ople) 43. "".4 C"'npl~te e. _ in that way. mole"ly vio k m b.u "". ... achi evemcnts ___ . .e pwpk ." .. .honghl yom sister. . 1 A colleaguc..Exercises 43.. parent" constam _ _""" made him keen [0 leave bom o_ (NAG) .3 Complete th ese collocatio". d abootth.ng a vttb from the box.. (a .tw(}flhy po rson 2 .) S It\ \"er r unkind W belittle hi. .. oo is a __ influ"nc" in my lesson •. somcooc'..". .. ".. 1 an untru.. 6 You th ink your " ew neighbour looh li ke a very unplea . ". do. "iol enee..ant person. .... . ......"'" no respect for 43.... ([)]£>tun) Such dreadful behaviour" a downright .". .. jndgement ..... Josie.... .... I 2 3 { The papors are increa<ingly full of . S You arC not complete ly satisfiffi wid..(k 1 .' .. .. (ACtUEvn) 6 Hi.. " " " " " " " " " . with yonr translation. __ ....our 3 not takc (>!lc's dutie. 1 Another <oIlcagu •• Gw rge.' RE) I'm afraid roor .

he ha..lderable e xperience 0/ te. very strong interc" .mor~bk tatem' {Of b .""".l world ." . and ...abl< "IC".h 1 talent in fina""iol matte . "Pij]..nd altl)("'Rh . my pl<".tI g. wiM H.<>Iogy ""the d. He ho. A well_qualified " . tODd l<am player and whil o working be..~ subject>.k~I'. ed [0 accumul~te some pra. I>igh compute r ' kith _ He h.[he "mune r holid .edlc knowl«lge' 01Anci<nt Greece and Rome. bo". d~o of. in her ""Thusi"m for the arch .. knowledge .44 References Not.d" . good roiati""' hip with hi' boo. . ofpan..<:rotary i.. l) gain "" perion". n< ~ of «!a<hirl\:. Her dreom ofpuuuin~ heT iDleftsl.... he worked on " dig fur two wee. appliod f<>r tbe PO" of Mar"'tlng Man.. him tho po.'Y " i'" "'QUi "d_ Ho h.."" knowledge of . Mr D. Rig" k He has ..' (0 iler and lllIIl '" '" ."er. ""..~~d to establishldevelop a good relationship with hi. an invah...ge.. b ~. Sh< ha •• n ol1oyclop.. . (formal) o"'trtmd y important • deal with the difficult a. It EO witboot soying thot you <on .bility to ""'0' (h" <h. Mr Day i• • highly ". • ". fl".. y.. know".ehin~.fere< for Ilona Jlra~ e t . . "".e l of education_ A . in the texts below. I run conrlden' thaI if yoo werc to off. ka. in yo"r conlpm y.l>cr of your loam..ur< fO provide a M<rence fur l'Ili] u<.." I H. ~". d a . peets A job reference It i . . in orohaeology i. alrca~y mon_." . ~ good I... ition h~ would quickly bec"". II< h OI the ..<>If. h" • keen in«"'''' in arch.. ecrttary with good qualifications is roqun d_ H~ I" g' of Engh h.' perf()nn l~sh is a more formal way of •• ying carry out ra.bble financial a<:nmm' O!l<l cxcellcn.. H.." tm." . comprehens. vC(Y .. he i. the u&Cful ~Olloc'lion5 to use in referwce letter..pplied to do ~ ooms< in >rehaeolng)' at yo".".."n>god to gM.. kx>k. jn Us" AdYan<td .. be ma ke.. ' '" 'Y ap p. in Gro« c I.ppy to act a . i.Ii~ •• oi . A reference for a student I om h. hit. He ""... intorprt.itwalion<. H. ho... diflicull . al .. arC a number of errors w hich are frequently mad e when stud ents ore u quired to write a refer ence a' an exam task. ' ubjoet>. t ~iJtl impliciUy'.!. non... • Inaking perfcct .. .Iued "".tle"1 ex~rienc'" '" .nl .. He i. OS i.. oxpo .criptioo. i... ] h . Bowe""" .. >-h< t>-e ~_ £oodladvance d computer . H. (fotInal) show.mber ohuff. h1' con. "it" .~ t o honing' hoc pra<:fi<oI 8k~l" or tile same dit ov..""v<aI. lasks' iTKiicolcd in yOUT j:>Il d<.. ~ good I all advanced knowledge of EngIi. up for rhi. •• iU •• member of .oJogy .. A .. .w".. Ho hoI an exte mi"" I . 110.perien.~"ng•• • of lhe CO" ""..h.""ry ronfidtn<o in his abilily fO ~rorm lb. highly educated. ition .. 'W ~~- corr. "ten....'''p<>rj""".. 92 Engli<h Go/locatio. woo t. I COIl whoMttatlodly reoorntnt'nd Mr L"" fo r thi. h" ". nt • trust him torally Common errors Thcn. ". uni>""ily. H ~ i.. aian H~ 1> .. requirod. wflo has . (form .1J~ fo.l skill.he lacl<o ru.

In...... " Th e p".. ..... Urpri1'ng (:l ien!........... He _ . _.o"... oo. _..-est ~~sulcd lhal your happims:!.. (UCK~) I Pa ul kn ows a loe ah""......lIgo wtth .. nex t month.. • talf.. ". I U!!!l ...) I).. he CO~rsc. __ .5 Use '" dictiona' y !\> IUt<J Ofh. giv~n I 1"""11 u hs 1 k..... (ACO.1Ii!Ib I 2 J 4 S 6 JOllnr reUMhd I provid~d some . ...Mp ".:_~~~:_ : ________. ..• _~ .. .oo from A...:teen. Mistry...n...mIoh ohould <... (IIOSll) 7 I am totally coofident you will b. qtoalfioc"'lOnt »'1'0 pool. hiIIh teaching IoIo!Ick .~1 are 1ti~l.... "" ..·1 d<101c much work ill 1M d a"ro(Im)tt. scllool $" bjc<:ls. '(ou ca n ....o h .117 oI<lIIo • .... . II .......Ii..opp/l<od 10< a _-. (CONFlDtNa) g ]t wns Du nU II·. Su...sl bot 3bk: to ill ...(I ..ill ~ 1 W3 y$ be 01 p.... "'lief btlow..... ~ ... firil lettt~ an. HoI .. . "joa """""..:: : : pctftxm ~......4 Ch~!he rorr~(1 wlloo......deJmce collocarion •.".t """ "" "'1\.. lh. H.... We SCI the jub ~pp liQonl~ a pan ic\lbrlr dift>cult In~ in Old. """.... 0I!>0 h"" ."..... partlculorly !!!ldlt \_It<lge.t.\') 6 Thi.) pl<rform I "aile a wide range (>f .ie.....l III Dr n"hinwn.[Ic did a lot 0/ wOl k on forms whco he wu in C . 1 Compkte each 10 help you.31iOfL - high erlnr . .:". 0/ EnoJioh...ml) 4 Toya h II» .. . bm particularly in bc i~nc~."".erloinly 1""''1 uoduIln a ~ 106.\I.. ycry goo(1 at dea ling wilh pei)ple. ...: ....:"'\.. able to complete ....~~l< ~..JI....ommend M r ("" for promotion.... i".. he "n<krlined wo... He h........"...»bIn . rcpl~(._ ....Exercises ·4..1 a l/SllY_~ """mb".... .._ 2 J -1 5 6 4 • •1 "" "" in all hi. ""...." ""...e proj..Ina "'' ' hooo.. (puul 3 F.. ablllt"'... job will ()ffer you the periect oppor!UTlily t() become m ore ski ll~d at working with "Wmpme...... tt> ""'.Uh balh ""o&mU and . My hmther ch <)SC t~U llniyenitr b"C'lU~ it ""'..oo....' ..... wry . _______ _ the co _ . ... ...rlen ty e..Iy / whoi~hc~ rledly ". Th . .. his i __ ." ""PP!I '" iIg ••• """"'" for Jamea M<:fIoId..... .atur• ... ....lued.... (IMrtlCf11. r who would b. "" a He! _ c. l<Wkin!: focward 10 h wmp llw. I'd wkJJ~"ea.~ lew!..""'Y (»nSdo""" '" M....\Ing nl tho ochooI-" I hm 1'TInd1'. 1U d'sco". Mehmet hu every ab..... 0/ 0. in marine biology..... ........~~~ ...:"l1 e"l Icaching qllalific:u ioll bu.... « ..o"... of teaching .sehooI such .. II<'St platt fOI him 10 p.. on a cou.. h.. ._a_ la"S'llI!I" [.. MdJIldo·. . IAOJMu<l 44 .d~ wilh MOff: app'Ol'riale ..... (0 44..._...wdetv. _of Wfl rking with yo ung peopl • . (L'CYCLOI'''U1OC) 5 I have total ItU.. 1<. Over the years J h~ve n'anaged to a" "" . 'erlly I imp/reif/)' "". oIl3r>g!ish fi te."m... he h...ilion would require Y " 1<...hool. dun ng o ur c"p...luI ln !J£tIiIIg a ~ tt!ia!lcn. a mIloc..~_ieoc..". If. c_pk~ Ihts<: WQfd forks....""""".. Your contri b u....h~t led 101m promorion. 2 "-"=> i. wonl. . of the posi'iron...... ifn~n« Ulrn. I ~ m delisJ>ted 10 pr()~ide I act a referen ce fllr !<........ 3 C...y to meet I N<rf lhe chllleng..~~'::....... ta lent for making mon"y .. .....ICU(llCn highl~:~_l.. "r Rewritc c~ch semmce using rhe word in hr:l~kcIIIO make it!nOre formal..nrrcrl the .: :7.

H e had a very thinly disgui. She just seeIm to have boundless energyl and she's ~lways been able to boost people's c(}I)lideoce<.ed J dislike of the music industry and the people in it.ff' exr. ]rIlJ..y person to work with.lil}. abrasive manna.'. Kaz died in 19R7.c to' Ingrid Bergman. sam. that's nOt necessarily a bad thing! YOll do always seem to ~ bUr>ting with enugy! Barstow: That's whJt golf doc .] You have been guilty nf unacctptablc benaviour.nergy 'make more cOllfi<knt l lively • look. trait. hJd a forthright lO manner.: Well. Interviewer: You . . gaV" her a rather cool r"""ption. and he was capahle of open hostility jf he thought we were being manipulated. 'i).xJ1 side [0 his char~Cler 7 rude and [lnfriendly • wos "ay amu. him unpopular with mall~gers and agems. you knuw. vcry like Ex-rock mlr Eddit Stewart Imerv. manner eX!'<'C1ed of yom age Other useful collocations for behaviour and appearance Sne hod a blank cxpre. especially new young acton. I lot. <luhh. you're retired. \ bordy hidden . Andy Barstow Imervi.. Imerviewer: Y.un 011 ber be • . . l'm surpri<ed yOIl find Jack unfriendly. Angela has a mth .jew~r: Oh.lrm. 'rude' i.I'm sure some peopl e would say I don't act my age'.rior he had a sharp witS. The Loop. Fllm 'till Jerry :Bowen Intervi ewer: You seem to have had such a sp ecial relationship with Kara HamOD over many years. ]_. ond unfricn<lly manner] .tic. She bears a 'triking resemhlan. She has J wonderful. h. you're a senior citizen. h.creTi. Would that be 100 harsh? H. weI: Andy.. you ar~ "behay~ in . would say downright rude. always SIOemed fedl of pent·up anger9 towards th~ world in general. Tracy's new colleague.hind th~t gn. How do you remember him now? StewJrt: Well. WhJ t 's your secret? Ilarstow. great cinema h. Kaz was nO( an ea.hoWln8 no under."wer: You alway.: either! Imer.. a bitullfair. friendly mul •. h..ing in ~ clever wa}' ' anger which he didn't e>cpres< 10 di"ct R~t:ired golf. lor pt~()TJal ch~r..tanding or emotion] H e alway. of . He'. l"'ISOll. bubblyl personality Jnd she's gOI a dnding smile. gave ev"y"n~ a w. Kaz Porter. . ay gruff. always heen p<:rf~ctly friendly to me. for you! " look as old a. Stewart. in the day' of your band..luties.s where famous p<ople Ji.ary characteristics.Tellthallks. What is it about working with her? Bowen: Kala'.. She has SOme wonderfllll"'lSonal qualities that aTC '" rare in stars nowaday •. had a tronbled relationship with your drummer.cu" their own or other people'. ]unfricn<lly wdcuru. Yeah. Ilm. hut everyone would agree you certainly don't look your age ll . Politeness wasn't his strong point! H~ had a real stubborn streak" that mad.Appearance and personality A Describing how people look and behave Note the collocatium In theSt: inlW'iew. wonderful. did display Some rather ". one of lh.

Ixlow.) .. looking at him with open fri<:n dly towards me.ing collocations from the box in the appropriate form N ell ilway. I'd certainly agn:(: that he. It's very attractive ._" ...". up. . 1 Match word.. """ . brother dot_. ay what h e thillks directly to yOll..tuhborn bubbly per' onality streak reception n terior resemblance expresSIon 1 two things or 1"'opk which look very . (. he sometime. he havlo." _____ _hm llike th at. faw. he has a lot of gGOd point."" energy.e thing..._"""-. Y~s. 3 4 5 6 1 Can YOil see how HolI )' i. 45. doc~n 't h e? N ell: Ye" he d~. has a rather _-.e ll: Yes. that p oople say would usually l~ romplim(:nts? 1 H d Sh(. converoation u..kin! . . Then match them to the definitmn. H d She ha. oo und. a velY abrasive manner. 45.on'.en ten~" u. :-<el1: Yes. him_ 1 ZO<.ing the word in bracket. Ixing inflexibl e Ammtda oftm had a blank cxpres. ." 3 a 1"'r.... best ch aracteri<l:ics. _""" -.... }. 5 6 7 R HcJShe ha. 1 Teresa i. lat oI . in the apprupriare form. (CH'RACTE~ ) .atMr unfriendly wekome 4 when so~on(._"""" than hi. ceminly looks his/her age.. imilar 1 a >cry Jively 1"'r". very good at making you feel more con ~ dent. 5 ZO<.KCEPT) H e Jisplay£ a lot more a1tractive -. i.ell: Yes. Nell. (PERl'TICl') _________ ? (ffOSTlLE) I refuse to p\lt "I' with .00: M e 100.. . : Though of COurse he doe.ombI3r>:e to boo" YO"' caolid<:nc. . He. alway£ . 3 H elShe" bursting with wergy.0 that lorthrigllt ma""er h.4 Complete each .. 4 7.\nd h~'.3 Compl ete thi.. 45. from each box to form collocation_' from the oppo. blank grnff 'triking <001 . ". In fact. _-. (""<:I'M'. I suppose. b.on On h". I lov~ 1M way he's alwayJ. HcJShe ha.ite page.O Well...<=h. a warm ' mile. HeIShe'. you could say it is one of hi. ('n uN) The <Ur wa. a bubbly personality."".._" . dmi"bIe <t1"O"l: poio1ts 1 Zo(': Torn looks a bitlih Brad Pitt. 1 HelShe's downright rude. agree. The woman looked at the uf&:ial with __ ___ _d"gll1seJ contempt. face which .m " J<=h a ~oo[..2 Which of th . nn (TI1otion 5 an apparently ""Ie and unfrien dly p ersonality 6 a . isn't h e? Nell: Yes. }. _ 6 Zoi': He's very enelgetic...Exercises 45.: .et that his home town gav(' h. he's great at _ 3 Zo.. full 01 pent-up anger."" . for example.how.. bunt with energy qw~<ie> . with Zoe.. 4 H d She ha. r thin k that it might be one of hi. .

leave space/room.. I. • '. de .....-0)0<' r.I>«j 00 it .'.....oIlir1! . business.Weh short of spue . '" flOW..te •. f« mLdt of tho pofI'JloIion . ' If."'" t" ... note in 10ur voabul>ry boak .".ho.. """f pl. 9<""" rr<J<.. If_.ke . 1>0. . I< future hut rdalivdy nu r • as far imo ."... r1\' piiOIIII. indicaionl . ha! How anron< could 1m... m<>!"6 ~ p 10 ..AW .nd 'n" 'he oltrtrrlO..Jl"'r" in... not. n .n .. _.n imagine or pl.tce..:1 1 haw • word wit).".<n..p..y will go down In hi. _ \"btt..... lccm>.d ~rt.... past ' glory ocre mean. limited anlOunt of i[ No[e tha t you can say ~mple !p~c"lroom... . Th ~ 1 com.ortd...m. in th e city centre but th~ w.paceiroom and t~h np ~ lot: of 'pa~!room.." . They """. you can only talk ahout something being ~ w~stc of space (NOT a waste of ffie\H)..'VfI iu<l. ".n for II III Where .. Iri... 00 ...h... t1w ""--* _ "".. vHl: ""p.Th .46 Time and space Talking about space 000 Hi U. we ."ion "TO... Sorry to hoOf of your probk>ms_Yo. short of ..J ~ve~ 000 of 'hoi' '009' b~"9' bock ". _ ...... e~OI1_ .!>ere . " tNI... I don't know. tiny.. of that un/org<tt.... what with the new baby and everything.. _.t:.pace/room.-....e. Talking about time In these maga. t:cm in 1~ 101 t.cion.. in . OOt_ b. room for • ~r-'''' '' T~'.Ioa.. 1 . ". 01""". 11 ."'e.'" ..-'. l ...."... B<... e>'M • ..1W1op ~)l:"" .. • ... • bit of a was'" of 'pace' b(J[ could bo """"~ to lea. I k""w you . d'riI_~ .r. 1"""'".. boJt ~'.""".. Let "'" know ~ you'" iI1~"" ..m'/)' with twQ childcen... ... To.he future a< ~"u c.. etc. u "mc PH". which i.. in t""..he dlSton. rIO "'~. I "IIiIItIa tri.llLJ"'io. m..Their mmie i> >II pnI •• rwdlor _Wit)'"' 00. . verv mccc".'.". .' " .. M in tho '*-In ttlIt IIow Npud" thcoso cI: . take up" lot of . ~..." The .ua..' "'tlt. . a f old e n a~. don't 'he'll L"" • • i.... ' cl:Srl i>h pop in th< 196O>.... ....~.l1IiIaIn'.. w. ful ' c. take up (a Jol 01) . m.. notIl i'g ""'''' tNt" • dim .. '"' of "'-"""t~ CD.....9n 10 .. ' he r... 00<.. .. " .oot""1I" but ample' roam f<lr.!»oJrt> it'. .. .oom to take up • lot of room.!>ere'.Ii"ll co •• rib.. rroment..... I to expoct cramped condition.ton..i"" dip'.. ... ody whe".d "IIitI1 pom rd _ . tog<th ...d said It w..""•• . Of ""m i. Of ". Kow f. Mock.Iso he goldeu age. wtfd1 " IIiI ".1>(1< ""."'d c:I\onJo ~ in'" rm--. Tho agent'< . 1 "'-"<I 0.. looked at a oity-<e ntro fiat neat Oliv.. But .p~e. ory'" ro<~l>y 'I~ pop rr>J.Ii>.. CoooI_~ 1'01\: em... it'....c "'?"~. wa. 00 .. 0.W'>.. Kid. kld. !I"Io 19m!... I Olore than enough 1 bad u<e 01 ' pace when there i.. perK") of tlInc when a particul~r • (formal) kep. e plerxy of wacant porki"ll 'p. 1M Maw thai rIiIcadol.!h lMi. I.nlbe. .. However. 'h~ "Io/dt" . • ... ridiculous.. job. 'or ex.< 'beauty' For m.......bl< 'i""'. ""r. "paciolJ. h..u. ~ lrown M ".."t the useful collocations for talking about time Pop 00nd.. 0. rcmembered ..n .......d of 00I"I h . .r hoIJ" in town 000 """'ing toAu>l . .tiwI • • ~i" lOr 0 colloo""ln.ting hou.../ftra. ~. 0/ all tim • . .tl. t-....ueh a confined I ... "_01100 .-... lightly....... 00 • qui« " . and ~o OY4>' tho «IlJ"" of tI•• "l. but not very well ' 11m the i1lnnedi.. (h [erary) • tune m ... furore s. in [h. mp le.. ''''''1' ~" ". for !"'opl. ....... o.""'" .

. . __ __ ." 10 lu \·. 0 J e... S(j we parked in the JI" el..: U jdy nur lulua.• .. Einstein '..". ha p" til<' .. ........ op 3 " " u f . worn lragedy." _ S She croned the ehOlmau..e whue w"...n _ m~mory.... piano (ook up n 1 uf 01 3 lb... "nl1 ha ve . ''' ..-... .n a lld utiliry room.. crossword.. . ___ . 7 It ~II ha p l. 111<.. (fORf-'H) 3 m~on.") A ClOi$ I The p3lace was I<-'S!cm:d 1 its fo rlller . $<:bacl<... " " ~! !h~ hO ld.c n ow juS! a dim ~nd_ n. !he cily (GO 5 The b erythlnlS 'h~ngcl 6 I n th.opk n OW h3ve ..ra of Italian fu<JtbJ IJ .! abl~ to tr~vel!n (>lhcr plan ets.. 4 Compl. ~(>o1 Jltion' ilr>ed In worl< in.. ___ .e 1I1~m()ry. ~pncc._ _....-.... 10 we !luked in the m oet... su w~'r~ going!o C()llvcrt it imo a &rudy_ space i. 46 ....he firel smuntt. II 's a big house...... a ".mor.._.. _ .......... S Tb31 ' 0118 "'in(l..es o f the Secnnd WOTld WM... _ "".p~c.._.... __ our underilan ding of Ihe UIl LVet\C. ~ cl:":'i~:·:":~~~~~~~~::::~". fo r a ll o ur fllm iru.. ..._ . room.nd...._ ~ ~ " 'nn't ha~ p1()blelm wilb nur furnitu"... 3 Rewrite the undulil1cd pari nf each ._..... .-_ .'" meaning as ...> .o f J IlJti<J!I. we can ex>"".Ih.. re !h. Sh" c~ . 1 Eiu"". 2 The hotel ear park didn't have any room.. ".... 46 . th e t>pplIr. 1 Match m e hq.. 3S it' a big hOll. _ . 3 This ..e is b~u~r than the cramped 4 We're movin~ becaul't wc' re short of 5 Wo dom ol'sh<d ~Il uld I)"'oou....lo:I W~r i..al ligmfic:antly contributed t () our unde.. S. Tbe castle""" been pr=rvcd 'or .memories:.mnant <Jf a . Down 1 It w~._ on.2 Com plete th~ :second Sf'hl(1ltt using " colloca tion fro m Ihe ~ile P"~ SO lb • • it ba........' 1nUmf:I1!.Exercises 46 ..0 be ..... 1 Livin g in >uch a confined 2 TIt.. 1 It's tcn Y""u since 2 r (an'! see any gna l . ..!l3 (If the nniv"n". now " ... S() Ihere ".. ....."" ed ". difficult with three ki ds. the _ .:i" "'1Ii 01 utb ." . Th. en!ence ".. ...._ . IDlS"1~'<T) 46 ..~Je "..ilk ill <·<>ding..' "of the Senoui <ksert On "O. 3 r ew pI-. ."" we wid it.. . 1I:ltioll'.. Ihe 13.." ofli...."Old. The Seco" d We... '.... """" . id.. 5 The wnag" i. 6 M ~ny Ibinp ..011' lives.emenCe alulS a cnllocation fro"..able !3 k.ed on th e wOlds in bracket... 6 Tht attK is a w~sle of room fnr l bigger btd •. (00....-....... idea l ".. . . 1 M y s<:h nolday s ~." were no . e I" " "II ~' t ho.noui desert Ofl ho......ny ck a....!te page ba...

w.. Theil.nd unfriendly • nme. to thi' place hor.000 . l.....) ' low aL1d rm."d r. In lI>:: SlR'ct below.. cry suddc" lou<.! < lo w. Thi' eollocariOl' is normally in the negarive or has a ["gative . in pa in.. breatl. .." some brjd extract.f So:. as if "~"ryolle had lost th. though someone wa. 'Oby. where M DrIC d. "f loud laught. • Mildred mot with a sto~y' silence as she enn.. where reopl .. . heard comin g n-om th e next worn. o Polly'. Nobody uttered a word' '" sh e ".. rlLn"ing the . d a traer of' a foreign aC~"nl in the m"n'! . In .~!\ dcocril>cd.trtngth on<. • unnox nOTic. a.gh.'ery .ir voic • .tont ~c h() of 0 .lurred her words' a lirlk. in a gmff< voice.c... " t. from novels.poke undearly. unplca.he.uti/ul .! he.he told her sad 'tory. do it yOUT w~y then !' . Sik!nro okscc"ds otL Cartlunoro Lake. one he had hc~rd bdore. perw .d CTy' t. «lund trav.e ~nd t.." a .. e. he . tl><' inc.d mack by a" ex'rtmdy frighte["d or anxio u. in a way that j. bur . """ • deotltly """"'. as he obeyed . cold . o Lucy'.. he said. high. from til< vol ley where it w".! noi". Shc rai""d her voke an!'.on.h .!. o Mumed'o voices ~ould f><. " voices and 'p"o<:h arc Ix:. di.".'.. found attractive. m. .m. which J"n. .uhject 7 "ron~ 101 accent>.ound Hero in thi' <I. iL1terrupted .tote<.Tily and shouted..re four winning entri es from a studem ~rry competition.(1und. Th . .ken> mo. ofren thought TO be "'tractive .top' • domioalts uncle" ""lLnd nu\d e when something hea>y falls .. 'YolL 're mel. • The woman with" broa. ""TIl 0"" "'n« "I "U(~ . She had a mcher husky! voice.·oicc..eft wlthpe' t..ant ..".ugge. if sf><. then" strangl.h ~c<cnt.Iked aero" to the tobl • .ouro<. of HuL nly 1(. ~ c\. ffi"ny years "go.Sound The coiJocati"". a. The human voice H e.us the moon how be.lk« no . voico faltored 3• as . marked ' "'" . My beart j . were lOa tired to talk. The theme of the competiLion wa.d Robert tryin" to fire the gun.de hy thunJei . It Was" boomini voice.".'reme silence. • Wilson g"n a loud laugh> oS h~ watch. still.1r""'"" room A dull thud' . Iignt 1 verv 10lLd 1 10" .red rhe room.!p' 01 t""""". toge.. II wa . which neve! ."'cthing under hi.n" no. . m. rion mer .od"'r literary "nd nO{ fr~quent in everyday co~ve"aliOll.."1m. 'Sound "nd silen<:e'. "'t out . Only .! Bring it here!' Robert m11llercd s.~d cr)' mn be heard.~th hoo ts oflanghrer' >' . ". unn-iendly and ho"h . Sounds and silence Here ..hcr 10 quie' ond nnclear II weak.

Exercises
47.1 Read the "ntenc... Then answer the questions. De,pite nis gruff ,'oice, "abTlcc', boss i, acru"lly 'IUlte an approachable person. Zara gave a 'trangled cry when ,he rea lised the child W"' injured . K",in spoh in a booming .oice, a, if he were an army sergeant. Ilona rai ",d her YOK:e and angrily add"" ", d tne young man arrhe dOOT. As ,he entered, she could hear joe's husky voke addr.ssillg .omeone.

1 ,I Who .poI<o k1 an . """mofy loud voleo! 2 Who <poke k1, low, routh, but P""'''P< attr.lcti"" """yl 3 Who.poke k1 • low. unf..lendfy 'oko!
~

,

Who <tarted to

<~

louder than bcfore/

S Who made a oqh. k1ton-upted .ound off... or .nxl~t)'!

47.2

Complete each sentence using a word from the box in dlt appropriate form .

,....
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 47.3

The woman _. . a 'hrilllangh wh en ,he heard the story. Try not to .................................. a ,ound as we pass the bab)"s bedroom. We didn't .................................. a ' ingle word as Harry told hi, sad tal e. 1hc sound _________________________ through the tnin walls of my apartment; I hear everything. ~ patient ... " .... ,,""""""""""'" out a cry of pain as the dOCTor took his hand. Silence ...... .......................... in the hall a, Mr Traynor walked to th e platform to 'peak. The man's vo;,e .__ _as he answered the derecrive', question,. What', th e malter with you? Have you .... ,""""""'"'''''''''''''' your voice? Say something! Travi! _ ___________ hi s words somewhat. I thought he might have heen drinking.

.-

Corre't the wlln<:ation errors in these sentences. 1 2 3 4
S

6 7 8 4 7.4 1 2 3 4 S 6

I co111d hear a ,light track of anlrish accent ill her voice. Paolo was met with a rocky silene<'~' everyone tried to ahsorb the had new, . The old woman let off a cry of anger when she heard rhe result of the trial. She has a wid. American accent, ev~n though , he wa, not born there. I could he~ r thud< of laughter coming from th e next room. The voi'es were muttered, so I could nOt make out what anyone was ,aying. Silence ruled in the classroom", the pupils were all hard at work. Speak lip. I hate it when you mlltter something under yom voice.
to

Replace the underlined word, with their opposites

form colocatiollS from d,e opposite page.

Tne nearby echo of gunfire could I", ~",d across t~ valley. The jntermjttent noi,e of th e planes kept me awak e all night. In a Iuu.d. whisper ,he <aid, 'Yo~ look wond.rf~l tonight.' 1 hoard a.lli;u:p tnud "s the men dropped the heavy box on the floor abo,'c ille_ There was a jQyfuJ hush in the room a, General Wilkins hroke the new,. Suddenly there wa , a murmur of thunder and it ""rted to rain heavily.

48

Making things easier
Choosing your approach

COMPLETING A TASK - HOWTO DO IT
When you need to ..ur" out too •• , ...... W"y to do '~thi"9, Y"" hoye 10 explore different ways of a pproaching the ""k. Som et;""" there will be many ,.,~.ibl~l ~ 11,"rn~ti¥"s 10 <oo;i<ier.rId ,ometime, lhe", will only be one or two vi~ble' oplfons. You 10 enli:<t the help of people to give ~ou advice bef".-e Y(}U d<Kid~ on which method to adopt.

r.e""

Tn. be" .dvi"" i, 10 take " .tep-by-.t~p approach: br.... k Ih. task down into ""ge~ '0 thol! you are d"ling with ,mall manageable chunks. Thi. w')' Y"" will ;oon find thilt s.omelhing you though!
wa, hard j, in f~<t ,implicity itself'. But be careful, don'l t • .., whot look. like the easy option. TMir.k At the ern!, you C"" feel proud that )'ou didn't ju;1 to.kUh. U'J way out' .

nr...

.Iw'y'

poosibl.
, ",orkahk , extremely simple

• do ",h~t i, <',,;e<, hut not what i. best - which may nJean ,,-,'oidinK doing anything at,U

Ways of remembering
N",ice the wll<..>eatioos in this text introdllCillg t""hni'l~e. fOT improving your m.mory.

I
i

A train.d memory is an inunen.e a ..et 1, paTtleulorly in p~blic life. Mnemonies are systems for dealing with the complexities of learning and remem!,.,ring, OM !",ople who usc them <:an recall thing. with .n am"zing degT e~ of "<elUney,

1'11. Ancient Gr. eks perfected' a number <If mr.~monic techniques, ,,,me of which are stiR u,ed ",diIY, for ""ample, ~,illg the first lener of each item w form a w<lTd that will help you
r~m. mber

the whole list of item" For ir."anc~, you might r~m. mbcr the female nrst name,

AIJA, to !,.,Jp YOLl reo.1I th. phmse ama~;",t: degree of aoou","Y_ Or you might think of the word BIIG, which will giv" Y"" thr~ ~ oolo~" thot collocate with hair {hlood, aubum, gingecl_
A "mple rul~ of .,11 memory training ,ystem, i. ehe idea of 'Initial Aw.r~""",'_ Thi, work' in a ,tr~ightfonvartl' wny, The h. sio principle i. that the . y. u,m h ~Jp, }'()lJ concentrm~ th~ mind on whatever VOll are trying to tem.mber fur jU'l lon g enough to fo,c. lniti:il

/1",.1'<""''',

'I'his may sOllnd like hard work . t /i,,,,, but in fac' "1l1;'~mory training 'ystems are pctfe<uy simple. O,,,,e you have tak.,n th ~ time to leom lh~m, Y()lJ will be able to irutantl)' recall any n. w ;t. m. of information you wont to, ",ith
remotkabl~ ~a.~.

,omething of gTI:~l v.lu. 1 lh~ verb i , pronounced /p3,'fchl J easy to Ulw . rstand or simple
~~
<0

h. lp roo Ie;o rn vaabul;uyll1,,' '''iblc.,h,ro mcm wirn

other <tuden,,_

Exercises
48.1 Answer these questions about the text in A.

1 Which alternative. is it best to foeO! on when consi<kring ways of doing something?
2 What son: of options are tho,e that could work well? 3 Which Optioo is not always the bt81 one to take? 4 What sort of approach can one take to make a big t:osk more manageable? 48.2 Match word, from e~dl box to form collocatioll' from the opposite page.
COIlCCn,,,,e

u ..
,ule

M~' ~.

motNod

, I>< mind
,"" time

porf"""t

_~IG'J .

toke

48.3

Complete D's responses using collocation< from the opposite page.

1 A: I notice yom tennis serve i. much beller the,e Jays. 2
3
II: Yes, I think I've finally ...... tM techniqlJ<:, though it took months of practice. A: Wa, the new compmer e~sy to set up? 1\: Yes, it wM ..... i~lI. A: How did you get on in Ihe ~harily ,ace? II: Well, I actually managed it with remarkable ,given how unfit I wa,! A: I didn't envy YOll having to sort oUi 200 CDs for the school mu,ic library! II: Well, it ,ounded like al fim, bm it wasn't in fact that difficult. A: How well does the pedometer your son made at college actually work? II: With an amazing. .. .. .................... iu fa~l. A: J have to sort out all these old pap"'" and I in<t don'l know where to start! B: Why don't yon. . the ta,k down into sm~lkr chunk< and <kal with them gradually? A: Do you enjoy working with collocations? B: Well, ii's worth. time to learn them as tf,cy make your language sound so much more n~tur~1. A: How was your computer course? of programming now. B: Good. I find il mnch easier to deal wilh Ihe.

4 5 6

7

8

48.4

Choo.. the correci collocation. 1 I alway~ u,e mnemonic. to help me rec~ll important of informalion. A 'pots B obj ects C items D slUff 2 We.. .. ... all the different ways of gelting hom~ helore eventually <keLding to fly. A exploded B exploited C explic~ted D explored 3 The system works in a... .. .... . way. A straightforward B slrong C straight D forthright 4 It's a good idea to divi<k ~ la,k up into .............. chunks. A portable B manageable C edibk 0 thinkable 5 All memory syslem. work on tM same basic ................ . A promoTIon 1\ prime C principal 0 principk
look .. thi. rnn amoni" .i.. :www.f""·with~~~ wnooi'" hlml. M, k•• ""to of """ful

0""'.

NOT happen ."".. porob~m en our tackle. tni>U..k.lIy .. of adv.h<t traffIC MON mu>t pr<>bl~m.ince ..~ • . who" torro..-ti .. a high risk of tn.u .. dono '0 tackl .OtI"If'< . ill"ny f"milie. "ftcr the "...Difficulty Adjective + noun collocations • Life . your developing" numk. ...fe carry . .. w eather conditions. ."IC~ probierTH!. Th<t I di ••• ~r .iLli'" """ "..«come many ""tra hurdle s in hor lifo..lido. . risk .bout in.e of ri. A•• h<t "". • If you continue to .-..m w"'pon' po.. .:".ems to have b"en 3 constant struggl e for her ever ... I.. fi&h1...'.dcspwld flooding came ".with catastToph. Poor peaplo in thi. . dJtion."'"'.'1 . She decided to iny.a.0 And" ooIutjon.omo hurdle.CO" .rer.... pr<>biemo or QX_. "'.l state of confusion.1ty . " .e a th .>dly. j'Ters' ex-boyfrienJ . c. ru.. n:moined in grave danger ~s the flood w~"" <howed little 'ign of ah"tin".. NOT ziw .urvivol for . born blind ''''' '"".ddr~" . o When .. Nud.en abandoned. Most thin" that"....e d R.n.. • Jasmine's birthd ay party wos a complete di.he dectri<:ity went off everyone wa.hinp..hould addre..".t t>. of seriou. .he loved so much was" seve.e blow for Ann"_ She took it very b. results. NOT.. the emergency.memb<r that we make mist . • Unfort"n"tdy. P""" thr~ .. • ri.k.. . '''''''' ".""". In m. Verb + noun collocations colJoooOOn How do)'O<J think we .t..'e dill~C.n e rror e nmunte r difflCulti .~ •• NOT do u. ori.h... ri>k No' minirni'~1 th~ ..trik~.iti" difficultie •.1".amo d..io~ or o<oc .ny . Meanwhile. all of her own '!fld her . ofish . """".. Di ..pot. NOT ~ p~~...h..... ter . at. left home. AIDS problem.k minimi..ide'pread looting of the prop'tlies that had ["...truck th<l provine<! mud.moke there i.in..vv..II e<1 ~ o do en . ch. [a e ncounte .."'..e. d.. have/ex"". • Losing job .od dit'flC. ival.. had to "." Jun•.. at to tho whoIo world. • OUt ph>ne wos GUlc" ned kcaus.

the six deliberate errorS in this 'tory? The interMtional comm<mit)· does not alway.id e 4 isolated flooding 5 .. Can you..trike ""oklo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The government is doing all it Can to ....aster 49..ry survival...ome ti~s do mistakes with this type of collocation...n advanccd stn<lents . 49.3 Match ea.. Eat healthily...5 Use a dictionary or 1 encOllnt" onli~ corpus to find two other collocations for each of .... ... Adverse weather conditions_ 49.. c. .. Widc....hock 10 a total di..1 Find a collocation in A that bas the opposite meaning of these collocations .... .... hi.... Ily the end of the expedition the climber> were .. 3 Somchow our society mnst give a solution to the prohlcm of child poverty.. .. Any n ew enterprise _ ___ . H e's relishing it.. for their..ntenee using a verb from the box in th. 2 So~ prohlems happencd when we tried to follow your insHuctions..Exercises 49.... 3 pose !jI 2 tackle . A man like that in a position of power..4 Correct the collocation errors in these sentences. . Gende..... ..he match? What happened aftcr the carthquakel How Can we addre" the climate change problem? What was the hardest hurdle to OVCrcOmC in your jobl Ill' reducing our carbon footprint. 4 A difficulty has appeared with regard to a member of our project team....hese word...rry """dec re'pond ..ame meaning as these collocations.... 49. ... appropriate form.. at home may be... promptly as would I"..... the problems together we should find it easier to tackle thcm....s with English spelling. and the . . 1 We are getting a number of prohlcm' with our new Car. 6 I've always found a lot of difficult....y ...... Wc had only just set off on our holiday when disaster.pread looting.2 Completc each ".. If we ..0mC ri~k of failure but that should not derer yon. risk 9 a terrible ... probably.... de sirabk to an emergency. progress at school... the drug problem in our citi es. .. S Ev.... 1 favourable w eather conditions 2 a magnil1ceot success 3 an ea... .....h qnestion 1145) with its respome la-f}...eriou. 6 total confusion 7 disanrous result> 8 .k of falling ill? 3 4 5 6 a b c d e f What mad e them deci<le to po"pone ........ . a. a serious thre~t to world sccurity.light danger . 1 Is Roy enjoying the challenge of his new po>t? 1 What Can I do to minimise the ri... stereotyping.. I am afraid thnt Sandy'! pwblem.

.] A teacher needs t<l p<:>Ssess unMtJuded enthu." number or amollnt .. l.. an unknown quantity. - -~ w'''''r wOld($) ~- !".. u•• d with cooo:<:>Ur><>b . amoun(...od with ~"' foc"".tan. form. ". re i. Other expl"essions about size and quantity We couldn't believe the ..e of hi. Try to l1se a wide rnnge of "".iz.siv... last year and I gave m~sses away 1() <lUr neighboUr:>.m a.h. COLJrlGl ~ uncountable no"". cor"".tantial amount of formal.mpl.12nlfocant quantity of pro".upport. quantity. [limited number] "J"h.nt iall.Dt relative.. office.. ~. The rock star died from a ma...ub<tanti~II' iJ: niIi<:all' in"rm".. larg.. oo.n i. teacher i. minority•• moun~ n""""or...ub.. "J"h .. They ~harg" astronomical fees lor the COm"'.. hizh ~" importance . [informal. l.ud.""e and an endless supply of gr><>d joke.. ul"".'ery high] w. ro". . 0'-" li""ly to got • fir"-o b.j wim oountab~ COU""' ~ W • • pent a good number of _ . a wide variety/choice of things to do here in the evenings..g~ -~ I"£.n.ize.abulary in your • . well a. amaud hy the sheer . .. d with ~"' COLJrltab ~ .. quantity .iaV'ignif"".'11 get on well WiTh the student.e expTessions in th e table all mean quite a lar!. The new math. u•• d wiot. ' ign ifi<a""o -~ .lt~r die>. . An overwhel ming majority of the population are in fayo~( 01 rd<>rm.k< p1a""i ~ the projoet A . '''''1' large crop] Unemploym ent reached epic proportions and this led to I wa. pl<dgod th. porcOl1 ~ - ~" large ~ ~ quant"Y.~~ .. with "'. I visit..l. .ignificant number Df p< o ~ ".heer quantity of food on lh.~. WOrd(l) CO/iOCi1!"' with . We took a . f.fo. [a person or thing whose chara~tC{istics nrc not yet dear] Common errors Th"rc arC a number of errors oftel1 made hy learners when talking about quan tity or site... had a bumper crop of tomatoe.• Quantity and size Countable and uncountable expressions of quantity "O. [quit. A good few ".. • .d a 1m "f differ. ()f . """"'r whon hi... I hope .a..moon. numbe" nujority p"rc e rn.say.I.~..tahlc. . infinite pati. ""erdose of barbitura ~. ye' ~rday and drank an inordinate amouut of lea. a good . u.ir n<lmber a . ixnifoan< He'll xot a . u..ocial insubility. big. _." d eg r~ • . "". • t ood/hir low • good'f. [tho surprisingly large amount] There's only a finite number "f day. • . until th" exam. colorn'im •.

I Grun P" ny WOII Ihe elecrion ... ~ Ihcrc ~ver used to h~ any nightdub. '! r~~ lI y like coffee bUll drink n j ub!lantial ..5 ~ -- . . .... (QUAI<rtIT) g ~r~ wcrc rather a 101. inordin3te • .. ins" 1'I'0nl from lhe o ppo<ir... ("JMPf~) A [01 of thei r in~ome con~ from lhe aparrn-.. ~- ..: don't haooe 3 D unli".rvM boas..... <u ppJy 6 skcr Pul a lid< io tM OOl< i r crop -.W'" -- •..~..·ilh an n\"el"... \IU) Jill . ....d....""'lm"t ~ EnVs/I CoIoolI""" ... of The govenunenl didn't tau 3000n "mil infuonnn h. 3 s...... (Gooo) w.. 1 unbound. ""'50...m.~ and d ied of 3 ID". ". lhey rem out . .. 2 l 4 j We had a hIge number of "pple.... 50A qU3nr>Ty ~mo .....mM epic .. nl enthusiasm parie"".. the..iw .... ..e enj o}'c~1 a bumper ...aq....t. . h ere b\\lll<1w there arc" good ... (r.. lerrifed w hen 1 ...2 Complele eoteh Wl lfllce . ....-d bumper 3 astronomical infini te 1 faic 6 endk .. I.'UK) 7 I n ill don't know whal my new colleague . quile big......... ro ..d rea.-. (WMTAmJAl) I fet! confident that quite 3 few peopl. 1 Rewrite e:och ""'!( OCC U 5in~ the word in bnKIo£c.m... ...a w how b ig the dog: wn (.e 50. i.Exercises 5 0. ... j I have" p rofo un d a dmiration for yo ur lister's infinite ... .. ... (r.....i5 ye ar "..... o n a 6"'I-<:ome-linl:- .... 2 He did nQl . from our Ir«s la 'l year... ...s.. M~t~h the {Vo'O pan~ n f th~"' collocalions from the n ppnsitc palO• . eoIlornrioo..3 ....helmmg ......... " ... 0 "'e're offeru!$..... 1M ~ l OS ...... law)"en arf: known t£I d. ..... .. ... . _..ds.. will ~ote fur Mac... ________ ____ .tio".. ..".... n. .. . .. .$iw: ~P'~ 3 '""' ....lage. -'" ... _ .ca lise how $Imog the l" hIcts W<.... 6 We didn't have ma ny p lu m! last year bm ll. 7 Paul doe".... . .. I infinile 2 - ~ I.....! Iik~.. {mlmll 6 1"'8..l ) 5 0 . !II !lsc a dOaiODar)' or o"li.. room at roU~g<.w .. ~ endless S ma ....... fur each of d .. pn w hlt...IM ntunb« or . ).o: _ ro nomia l ...s to find ""0 Ofhtr cnLi<>cJ....U ..-.. of careless mjsm~ "s in yo ur hom ework.... __ ........

ang. . Collocations with change as a verb. .t (ew doy •. [will be put into opera tio n/practice] 1. to the w ay the company was run.formation .. and more important tha ll anything d se] '11"" w~s a radical change in party policy 11\ 200 3.>ing '-" ond down In an l.. n a sudden shif. people Me much better than others at adapting to changing circumstance .hows eoo' idcrablc improveme nt.id e-down when """ """""""'. . changed dramatic.eting.keep up with chlngas ond adapt to <hem up. <arM] Som.m t.and not alway.it. [basic changes. work .lowly that you hardly notice itl In the t." have D. town .1y PQopI . f i<!ur. NOT im re " e it'«'. fundam .creMe dc"-". [changes so .inc. ".qlredi<:tilile ~ (also ".'lC of w idespread public protest_ Many change..t increase in .he has changed for the o. find it difficult to move with .. 1'00 dramatic shift opinion in f' 'fOUr ofth~ b:>n 0<1 .. The exch. dramatically. The ch anges in th e system will ~ implemented s(){)n. rognition. <tc. [formal: . gain. [change affecting mall}' people/things] LeI's go swimming this morning instead of jogging .Change Collocations with chonge as a noun The..ttel: Life in th. d for .n yean . then make any nec".he time s. how an iIlcre". tudenn enrolling 0<1 our COut-'''_ ~ Th... Ir. rnokini _ -~ -- Amy".tay. . wceping change. [changed ' 0 much one couldn't r..ry <udden or noticeable c h~ nses l The govern me"t is proposing fund amental changes to 1M law. in ~blic . wheno mod ~. adjective or adverb 111ing' can d. d th. 1 0 uodergo a revival ' g.. Other ways of talking about change rxamp1e The hotel had uodergone a tran.eldec""". someti "". usual toulinei Rc ..mptrow" I'! and >hare prices) . oppo. ' modest I"t'~ove ry.in<e owr last stay. ha d taken place in my hom.how '"" upwa rd I a downwa rd trend.<. d the tcack .~ y..".it would make a change.nturi.uaUy (0' th o wor. bQ. [great or c"ncmc ch ange] The new manager mad e . . Profit> . main . NOT ~ . [v. te 1lII' been Huctuating wildly o_er the Ia. commem . Our childnm·. ..'. man We hove hod. PrQi1unclation ch anges imperceptibly over the yean. ". d unchans. Eld. mode.en dramatic chang •• in the climate of th e Arctic region ill the la<t deca<k. lives were turned on . ntally or radically bur NOT 5" eer iAgl y. ne had changed beyond r.tiully or >ignificM1tly.sary change.e and. cogni •• her] If we call SOrMon. s.olly. 1 0 ' modest improvement. d ecwral system ClrM about bec~U. <light or . our last m. ttu. [be pleasantly different to one . for the b. village r.nge .. t... mit ht bQ:There is room for improvem ent ill her work. com""" ltS on your essay' .ed .re h. a changed maniwO<nan we mean that he or . modes. on ma rria"" an d d ivorce.'" change in th.

. b) Over the years the school ha. ..' '//1. The IOwn i.. the years many change. changed a lot "ince I wa" a pupil here.. " .the fact that they went out. you fir><! in it..ion. upside-down another time..tructure last yeaL { ~L. entence using a word from the box in the appropriate form.. on th e opposite page... ." .' tay in '.... cIr..2 Complete each .. impk!mcn' M" 1 The fi gures . 3 I can't face moving house again .. have taken place ill the schooL omeo. he wanted .. (CHANG!') .~Mf) Penny h"... of "'..inc. .. Clid on on... do they approve o f the challge in Emma? 4 If S 5 Is it ea.. to be 5 The weather'. t" 1 1 3 4 Your coursework assignment is still not quite a" good a..e questiom about th e collocation...3 Rewrite each ."nge t h."" . or the restaurant they went to? 5 1. job .temperatures have fluctuated .... the i"ue of capilal punishment suddenly ~hangcd. .. . a hotel rather than go camping [his .'. the oppmite of: a) to change imperceptibly b) to caned planned changes 2 Which of these words sugge.'11.oow t i""" ..'Wf.. 10 the document but forgot to Save them! 8 I thillk you'll find that the school ha... the more formal altertultive in each pair: a ) The town remaim unchanged.d it M d m.. (SHIfT ) There were several ~h an gcs in our management ..co uk and.ame.. rnat ic ~ ."Y <ollo". changed a lot.e in the numk r of women in pai d employment in the 1940 •.. 1 What i.' ummer. in profit" tbi" year. {.. Ihe . 1 My grandmother loves her laptop and hel mobile phone .1 Answer the.ome change .k• • no.. 10 Wh en are th ey plan"ing on . { O< A ~'GEil ) My life changed dramatica lly when I lost my joh.ay.. earchfor'dima « c h>... seem. 7 I " ..v:n) The school programme ha.. .." a dramatic increa ...t major change" and which minor challg" ? h) slight c) fUlLdamental d) superficial c) radical a) drammic 3 Which i." ..n ~·.'. 6 We have experienced a mode't .... . a bit of a (evivaL 4 The pop music of the 19S0.. changed beyond 9 T he new leader promised that things would change . ier foe a young per"o" or an elderly perso" to adapt 10 changing circum<tanccs? 6 If somen"e says 'It made a nice change going outfO! a meal la't night'.Exercises 51. ave.he ha .'t want to have my life. m"......blx.I do... no problem movillg with the . ignificant changes took place laSt year.""ten ce using the word in brack.he got th.. to the school cu[[iculum? 5 1. Emma is a changed woman.. "" . what changed .. (C. .. and for the b<. : 5 6 7 8 I Go to www. co ining to ' .. been muc h nicer . . it should be.. been odd this month .. o/... . (ROOM ) Public altitude" toward... it. ....-"l ~·") Som e quite . the chao gc. (ru~NfD ) It'd be nice to do something different and ..

Stopping and starting
Stopping

"""",pie
Tho .eeidoo"! bl'Oua ht lI.lli<: to • ha lt lor ' .....1 hoIn.
"Tho "<>ion c~lI..d . halt ~ I .. >t,iko
TIl. choir

, -,
often " oed >boot tr..... porl (<tains •• tc.)
• pt_ t <Orm<h i,,! from mtli .. ..., ...-tion,~u ..

.It..- 2 1 .

<or>Ii""inc (0·1.

two",,,, !lie _ . . , to a dow .. ~m.

....on
,

....,.j

>bout di..............

-

...:.l

T.... nt'W tGdw- :lOOn "" • • ...". to bad ~r
in "'" cbss

",..:I >bout UIlj><I\lUIo< ouM!i.,. or IWWts ! (•.&. «im . ...... isotial . aMtIesl
I""", ~

They t e l"rnin.t<>d Ith c"n ' •• ct sir<:. i>< !oiled to mut hi . .. leo tMJIts.

>Iso

~rmin. ,*

a p,..,nano::y
to

The I"""rnrr><nl rruy MI'ndon their policy "" 10 card, .
f'<>"~

.

01 ... abandon an att10mpt
. ports .,....

do ,til

---

uolk!d ,,1f t .... Hal'Ch .. 6>.rIc ......... l

• <."".IIed;...., call off a rnatc:h '" c,,,.,,
" bIodc .... ...........,., '0 _
~a_

The polin> t.r.c d osed 011 "'" _ t _

Ie ~....... rion, "'.., ....

po<>pI<

boinJ arne<! "", t/tttot.
Walt undI the.-c is . ""1 In I ....
<an
1• • ",, _

roon~ ••

'"

~""" lu i In I'" n , h...., (in ~

m1i<ary <ooll",)

Starting
A. d~wn broke we SCt off up tn. m(H"'1'llin. r~ s thoe $un Ii..! appuwij Jalmine suddenly hl'okc into SOfl~ . r,rnmd singing l William ),...,lrc into a lIIn whrn h~ saw (he bus lUy,ns. [.tarled runn illj; l The ""in _ in ior the da y. lir <ta iled and .«me<! likdy to conrin"' l Th~ . ",ok"..." "ff ,he Ii.. &lauD.. C mOls hav~ i nnig~1«1 m . ... Ule5 (0 d.,.l w"h i!lCllal in. migrarion. [form~ l : introduudl ...... then entef"ed inlo rk oJ;""' 5S;"". The chair""" ,," ",~de '0"'. <J{'ening romarkl,

elm'"

c

News headline s

[~ VlOL~CE ~PA~~S F?ai'OF FURTHER u~~~

I

MINlSTl::K AllAYS FRAltS"

Ot" TAX lN CREASI

I:PE~ PflOCESS TALKS ~UAPSEI J
STAR DIS~ELS RUMOUIS ' Of DIVORCE

~MY QUflLS UNUSf"> ON 8OROf.R ]
~EW

[SlAOIU~1 flNA lI.Y NEARS COMI)LH~O~

REl't.lIL1 C BRE"liS

DIPW,,""l'I(: Ht<:I-,no,,"~

WITH "t:JGIiBOliRS

J 1 meh.,. poople worry .bout
z ( Oln •• O an unMoocr ... f ..l con<[ulion

Sl~GliR CLEAR S UP CONTUSJON I
A HO UT !.VR l eS

alm.... t linis.hed • mak.", ~ .alm1enllO "" d the run'''''''' j e..d, o mfu.. o" j P OP'! !"",ple wOIrling . b",,, 1 W"I" diwurbJllCe>

J ~

Exercises
52.1 Look at A. Which word fit, in hoth ,.nlenCe! in each paiT? I "lbe Mini,,", rna,' be fOTced to ...... ,"" .. ".""". ,, ... hi, policy on con,titutional reform. The climbers had to. " " .. "". their allempf to reach Ihe ,ummil hecau!e of had weather. 2 During a in the fighting, aid workers were able to get food to peopk in need. Have M"mething ready to "ay in case there i. a. .. in the convcrsation. 3 I think we .hoLLld. . ......... the mceting to a do,e now. Did the demonstration ""." ... " ... " ... " ...... the traffic to a halt? 4 It's time the union .... " ........ ""." ,"" .. a h~[t to the industrial a~tion. The college " ...... off the match because of the bad we~th.r. 52. 2
Mat~h

thc beginning of each .enlence {I-S) with its ending {a-h).

, ,
52.3

I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I'm afraid it wa, me hnming the toast that let As .oon ~'sfte saw her mother the little girl broke lkcause of the Pre"ident', visit, they've cio",d I didn't man~ge 10 fall a!leep until dawn J hope they won't decide to terminate The mi.,ing child wa. found, <0 the po[i"" c~lIed The school i. p[~nning to imtigate ,orne We were halfway up the mOllfltam when the uin

,

,
1 2 3 4
S

the contract. b off the ,moke ~Iam,. anti,bullying mea,mes. d off the area. ,et lfl. f into a run. off their se~.ch. b w~. breaking. Match each topic of a new'pa~r article to ,he mO!1 likely headline in C. 'There w~., a dis~grcement ~bolll who wrote a panicular <ong. A prohlem between t"", neighbouring countries i, ,olved hy mi[il~ry means. A country recall. it. ~mha"ador from ~nother Country. Two countries at w~r fail to reach agreemem. People arc beginning ro worry that there will be more di'turhanc~"S. A celebrity denie. th~t her marriage is Ovec: Some "POrt! facilitie. will soon be ready for u.e. The government promises th~t rumours are untrue. first I'd like 10 make J. few "~ginnin?! opening! <u.ning remark.. I'm not going to ema! hring ! Wme into any further discussion of the iss"" . J hope J can manage to collapse! staunch! all"y your fe~". I wish we could put a do,e! ,top I hal! to the redevelopment plans. Iloye it when she .park.! dears; breaks into song a, .he prep~res ouo me~[. We must do something to dos;~ off; dispel; hreak orf the rum01m about " •. The guard" <oon m~naged to qudll wllapI'e; allay the unrest at the primn. Al long [ast the building is nearing finish I term;rralion! ~ompleli!)".

6 7 8 52.4

Choo,e the cotrect collocation. 1 2 ., 4 5 6 7 S

53

Cause and effect
Collo.:ations with cause and effect
We have yet to ~'tab1i,h the cause of this latest outbreak of foot and mouth di,ease. !I.1ass unemploym ent i, believed to b<: the rool ~alls~l of ~ riOIS. Th. re, earch team thinks that a ,-ims j , fM primary cau,e' of fhi, Tn'" of ~ancer. The President said it WDuld lake liIM for ,he reform, to prodl1~e th e desirod . ffect. It is likely to be ,on", w eek, lx:for~ we fed the full offert of t1", ris. in interest rareS. Th;, morning'. dd,)"s to flight, have had a knock-on effect) on dep'rtures all day. ~ chi[urcn in""lv"d in the hijack are nm expected ro suffer any IOIlj\-terrn ill effects'.
I main Callse
J indirecT ""ult (NOT make an .ffeet) ; n egative result, (NOte that ill k(c m..ans bad ra~r than sick)

, ollgm

Other words meaning cause
example
The od'trti ' ing CMIlp.izn didn't produc~ the results.,.,., hoped loco

mMning

lo.d to tOe ,0,"1",
au.ed. lot 01 public . n!:" r

Tho Fin"' ~ MW ... r'. d" ei,ion to .-.i.. ",m"", t>x provoked "" outcry.
II t .. ehe".how IovoUTiti om, it breed. re • .,ntment.

""""" ott.<" feol ' '1f'Y and '""'PPI' mado ;"" fool uoco, t>in
<ou,O<I _10 w'p<>et

Mo.'y didn\ beIiove the rumolr> .bout her 00" but t""y planted doubt. in her miM.
The f~m ruw', photo prnmpu,d !!peCulation th.1t she may be

[0

prqnont Email h>, moro or 10« rende .... d tho IIIX mochin< ob, olote
Cluud to be "" ma]a,
")me<hin ~ Ion ~r

u,od

Nyou W nt l

to moke .n ""Lll">I1~

d,"". you e, "

."t the wh""I,

,,,,,", '" h>ppon

in motion by foll i" ~ in th i> lorm. Too wind will w,""ak havoc with my flowo",!

'''". , lot 0/ dam.~o to
ir>klrm. l, m.1<o lnrry .... d "Pl ot

Our now noighl>our"s . r<
crazy~

!O

noi~

it·, . tlOUgh to drlv" ""rone

The

"'.<0 muld 'p~U di .....ter lor the rountry.

<lU.,e •• riou, problerr"

Talking about reasons and consequences
Mr Ball: \"i'hy did Jack bohave so h~dJJ" in ch".,? Th ere must have been some compelling rea,on' surely. He mu,t have known the re'd be dire con~equencei'. Mi" Cane: Tdon't know. I think hi, p,,,,,m' linan~ial pwbkms might be a contributing factor bm he rdu,ed to g;'·c me a ro ason. Anyway, I ..nt him [" the head""adtcr and I'm "1f~ ,he'll demand ~n explanatiou. Mr B,II: Yes, she'll certainly makc him f~ce thc wn,equenc"", of hi. ~cti"n<!

.. .. hurric~ne has w. 3 Her motl"'r calling hcr si<ter 'tI".... spec~lation tbat he is unwell. Complete each sentence using. t I think that compl1le".leeping pills she'. in his reade".. decision to el1l wages ptovoked 7 The way be behaved last night planted ~ The Minister's absence has prompted 9 The lLncenainry of the situation is driving 10 Thc flood.. ... tnc c<:onomy."'. . word frum the: opposite page.. .. 3 Now I d.ffect of any medication? Is a knock-on effect usually welcomed or not? Which other collocation in A has a <imilar meaning to primary ca"se? If. 53....... 2 Fortunately the conseqLJences were no! as d.. ..dy! sh""ld I set! in! he on! I C!1stomer I produ""d I resuits.\( (...wer the.. the con sequence. the! ncxt! neady! cra'y. lar o"h word...ally render 2 The prdiminary meeting set tb e wbeel .c. as we h~d ~nticipated..urvey I company I surprising I carried I which! th e I some An... iliu<"ati .. of my over·ha.c.2 h...... law would 'pdl 5 I'm sure tbat your hard work will produce 6 Thc bo.. . a11 outcry from the staff.. it usually take before you fed the full effect of the injection? 5 Do you think society bas suffered any ill effects a. 9 I ''''pect that the jomnalist delib.. 4 Do you b~ve any.. >nrch e ngine oc corpu< [() fond . tio"'...\: <rP'. . books oboolet • . will eH nn.t>d (b) ef!c"... how long dm. the result of the invention of televi.. . t Henry's mother d....ion? 6 C~n you name an invention that has been rendered obsolete by new technology. "'' '''''. g 'rh.! to moti(".. of the new project in motion.." doubt.3 Order th..... prcny onc' bred 4 I .ty decision to hand in my notice..Exercises 53.. ! from! driving! d"or them! will I time I establish! of I It! a I the ! the! take! calLse! long! accident. .Iways ""pected the new tn.) (>u<e.! The I .....! yo.1 M~tch tM h"Sinning of e~ ch . U. I wc<:k_/things I we I ncxt I visa I re. factor.4 to form sentence.e que.. . _why we sh""ld d" something SO risky? 6 Can you give me any sensible r.... words 1 2 3 4 53..effect.son for w. us ctazy. . The fim letters ~ro givon for you. he said that stress might be a c.. ' mind..! dust! site ! building! The ! me ! i.. taking are not having the d..1 . abom th e eifectiveness of the recent securiry measures ... laSt week wrought 53. ....rately wanted to I' """'''" . . __ ____ havoc ~Iong the Florida coast.entomc< u<i.nting {(} invite zoe {(} come tOO' 5 When I asked the dOCl"r why I felt so exhansted.. the . an explanation for his extraordinary behaviour....en". a positive result. a lot oi resentment..d h.... . do"b~ in my mind about his honesty. 7 Unfortunately. I If I now. ...cntence with it< ending......". ..ving to f. 000ooatl"'... disaster fo... 1 2 3 4 What is the des ired . Note d"""" five .. .voc in luw-Iying are~S.. ... <kntist gives you a local anaesthetic inj ection.

. Note thaI the fud~r collocations li.od ". "'"' I thick slice (of cheese. I didn't detect e ven a Hic""r of emotiOil in OJ.f exp"" .ico l c "''''''to. small lump "f hutter • large ' poonful of lam or ". 'peculation! ""Ow a mcb r of hop" /int". . on the animal.g. • bit of. u~ ru • faint indi< .m". n. to offer a glimm . r of hope lor the rut"". a shoal of fish or ...001 on top.. hounds or wolyos but a herd of ""ttk and d erhams (and other large herhivorou.~k of Jogs.od about colOU r> 0.)..hough it can a" o 1:>0 u. a duh'