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RF Attenuator

RF Attenuator

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RF Attenuator

Attenuators are used in a wide variety of applications and can satisfy almost any requirement where a reduction in power is needed. Attenuators are used to extend the dynamic range of devices such as power meters and amplifiers, reduce signal levels to detectors, match circuits and are used daily in lab applications to aid in product design. Attenuators are also used to balance out transmission lines that otherwise would have unequal signal levels.

Resistive attenuator

Features

Applications

Resistively attenuates Channel A from +6dB to -40dB in 0.5dB steps and mixes that result with Channel B Selectable DC current path carries up to 70mA continuous Selectable Input/Output impedances of 100Ω/120Ω/75Ω Accurate bandwidth from 10kHz to 10MHz Remote control of all functions via standard RS-232 port and GPIB Serial RS-232 port expander for use with other ME&T products
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Facilitates noise immunity testing of T1 / E1 receivers by providing: Variable S/N Ratios Line-Input Referred Noise (Far End) Line-Output Referred Noise (Near End) Simulates DSX-1 and E1 monitor ports Creates "Hot" and "Cold" pulse amplitudes Perform 60Hz Longitudinal Pulse Amplitude Envelope test Allows automated testing of office and long line repeaters, DSX channel banks, CSU's, DSU's, and other telecom equipment

• • • •

General Description
The ME-1007 is a high accuracy, wide bandwidth variable attenuator and mixer. The attenuator, Channel A, has 0.5dB incremental resolution from +6dB to -40dB and is resistive

• •

Accepts BNC, Bantam, and 310 connectors Connects directly to ME-1001/2/3/4 Line Simulators as variable S/N ratio noise

mixer or monitor port simulator

Compatibility
Used in conjunction with ME&T line simulators, the ME-1007 allows noise immunity testing and monitor port simulation of the following standards:

US and European AMI-PCM codes: T1 - 1.544Mb/s T1C - 3.152Mb/s T2 - 6.312Mb/s CEPT - 2.048Mb/s CEPT - 8.448Mb/s

(flat frequency response) over a 10kHz to 10MHz bandwidth. Channel B has a flat frequency response over the same bandwidth. The mixer combines the signal on Channel B at 0dB, -12dB, or -18dB with the attenuator's input/output to create variable S/N ratios. Both channel inputs and the mixer's output have selectable impedances of 100Ω/120Ω/75Ω allowing them to connect directly with ME&T Line Simulators for both US and European applications. The ME-1007 also includes a fully automatic Auto Test function creating the 60Hz Longitudinal Pulse Amplitude Envelope test specified in both ANSI T1.408 and CCITT G.703 Section 6. To facilitate use in automated test environments, all ME-1007 functions can be operated either by front panel controls or through computer control via RS-232 or GPIB ports. Designed specifically to be a companion product to ME&T simulators, the ME-1007 features a proprietary Serial RS-232 port expander allowing a single RS-232 line to control both the ME-1007 and an ME&T simulator. Its versatility and functionality make the ME-1007 ideal for both Design and Test groups.
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ISDN Primary rate standards, 1.544Mb/s and 2.048Mb/s ANSI T1.408 and CCITT G.703 Sect. 6 including the 60Hz longitudinal pulse amplitude envelope test.

Input
Terminating Impedance ..................... 100Ω/120Ω/75Ω, ±5% Recommended Frequency Range ............. 10kHz to 10MHz Maximum Balanced Input Voltage, Zero to Peak (At 0dB setting) ........................... ±6V Maximum Continuous Balanced DC Input Current, Input Center-Tap to Output Center-Tap ...... 70mA

Output
Sourcing Impedance ......................... 100Ω/120Ω/75Ω, ±5% Maximum Rise/Fall Time At 0dB, VIN = 3VPEAK , 10% to 90% ..................... < 40nsec Maximum Output Voltage, Zero to Peak ...................... ±6V Maximum Overshoot At 0dB, VIN = 3VPEAK .................................................. < 10% Short Circuit Tolerance .....................................

Continuous

Attenuation Characteristics
Attenuation range at 772kHz: Channel A ..................................... +6.0dB to -40.0dB Channel B ............................. 0.0dB, -12dB, or -18dB -3dB Bandwidth: Channel A .................................... <10kHz to 10MHz Channel B ..................................... <10kHz to 10MHz . DC Path Characteristics Nominal Resistance .......................................... 150W Nominal Inductance ........................................ 50 mH DC path is user selectable to be either Channel A or B. To avoid damaging relay contacts, current flowing in the DC path must be brought to 0mA before switching the path from Channel A to Channel B. The DC path can sustain 100mA current at 50% duty cycle over a 30sec period.

Attenuation Accuracy
Attenuation accuracy at 772kHz: Channel A (any setting) ................................. ± 0.25dB Channel A (any setting) ................................. ± 0.25dB Attenuation accuracy at 772kHz: Channel A (any setting) ................................. ± 0.25dB Channel A (any setting) ................................. ± 0.25dB Attenuation tolerance at all other frequencies is given by the following graph:

RF Attenuator Product Overview

Click on Connector to view fully tabulated electrical specifications

Connector Power Ratings

N-Type Attenuator

2 watt 5 watt 10 watt 20 watt 50 watt 100 watt 150 watt

SMA Attenuator

Specifying Tip:
For best results when selecting an RF attenuator for a given connector style, make sure to consider the amount of power being absorbed and the acceptable level of reflection (VSWR) that can be tolerated over the operating frequency range.

Input Power Attenuated

dB 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40

% 20.57 36.90 49.88 60.19 68.38 74.88 80.05 84.15 87.41 90.00 99.00 99.90 99.99

Convenient Electrical Conversions

VSWR 1.05:1 1.10:1 1.15:1 1.20:1 1.25:1 1.30:1 1.35:1 1.40:1 1.50:1 2.00:1

Return Loss (-dB) 32.256 26.444 23.127 20.828 19.085 17.692 16.540 15.563

N-Type Attenuator Series
Catalog Number Average Peak Power Power (Watts) (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) Freq. (GHz) VSWR Attenuation (Max) Tolerance Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g)

Model

612-dB-1 2 2000

3, 6, 10, 20 dB

DC-2.0 1.15:1 2.0-4.0 1.25:1 DC-2.0 1.25:1 2.0-4.0 1.35:1

± 0.6 dB ± 0.8 dB ± 1.0 dB ± 1.5 dB

30 dB**

L=2.20 D=0.82 W=80

605-dB-1 2 250

1, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-4.0 1.15:1 4.0-6.0 1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.80 dB

L=1.76 D=0.62 W=48

603-dB-1 5 125

1, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB 3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 30 dB

DC-4.0 1.15:1 4.0-6.0 1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB ± 0.25 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB ± 0.25 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB ± 0.25 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

L=1.90 D=0.62 W=48

606-dB-1F4 10 1000

DC-1.0 1.15:1

3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 1.0-4.0 1.35:1 30 dB 630-dB-1F4 20 1000 3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 1.0-4.0 1.35:1 30 dB 650-dB-1F4 50 1000 3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 1.0-4.0 1.35:1 30 dB 690-dB-1 100 1000 3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 30 dB DC-1.0 1.15:1 3, 6, 10 & 20 dB 30 dB DC-1.0 1.15:1

L=3.15 D=1.25 W=109

L=3.71 D=1.75 W=140

L=3.71 D=2.25 W=180

3, 6, & 10 dB 20, 30 dB

DC-2.0 1.20:1 2.0-3.0 1.30:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB

L=8.00 D=3.50 W=3.5 lbs

697-dB-1 150 1000

3, 6, & 10 dB 20, 30 dB

DC-2.0 1.30:1 2.0-3.0 1.40:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB

L=7.97 D=5.00 W=5.1 lbs

** All other Values from 1-32 dB follow 30dB specs

SMA Attenuator Series
Catalog Number Average Peak Power Power (Watts) (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) Freq. (GHz) VSWR Attenuation (Max) Tolerance Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g)

Model

662-dB-1 2 2000

3, 6, 10, 20 dB

DC-2.0 2.0-4.0 DC-2.0 2.0-4.0 DC-4.0 4.0-8.0 8.0-12.4 12.4-18.0 DC-4.0 4.0-8.0 8.0-12.4 12.4-18.0

1.15:1 1.25:1 1.25:1 1.35:1 1.15:1 1.20:1 1.25:1 1.35:1 1.15:1 1.20:1 1.25:1 1.35:1

± 0.6 dB ± 0.8 dB ± 1.0 dB ± 1.5 dB ± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

30 dB** 665-dB-1 2 250

L=1.31 D=11/35 Hex W=62

0-6 dB 7-20 dB 21-30 dB

L=0.87 D=0.28 W=4.5 (1-20 dB) 5.0 (30 dB) L=0.86 D=.312 Hex W=4.6

665-dB-1H 2 250

0-6 dB 7-20 dB 21-30 dB

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

602-dB-1 5 125

3, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-4.0 4.0-6.0

1.15:1 1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

L=1.20 D=0.61 W=8.3

604-dB-1 10 500

3, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-6.0

1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.70 dB

L=1.70 D=1.00 W=26

631-dB-1 20 500

3, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-6.0

1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

L=2.33 D=1.49 W=74

BNC Fixed Attenuator Series
Catalog Number Average Power (Watts) Peak Power (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) Freq. (GHz) DC-2.2 2.0-4.0 DC-2.2 2.0-4.0 VSWR (Max) 1.25:1 1.45:1 1.25:1 1.45:1 Attenuation Tolerance ± 0.75 dB ± 1.25 dB ± 1.25 dB ± 1.50 dB Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g)

Model

612-dB-2 2 2000

3, 6, 10, 20 dB

30 dB**

L=1.82 D=0.57 W=~

TNC Attenuator Series
Catalog Number Average Power (Watts) Peak Power (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) Freq. (GHz) VSWR (Max) Attenuation Tolerance Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g) L=1.93 D=0.63 W=~

Model

611-dB-3 1 1000

1-20 dB 21-40 dB

DC-2.2 DC-1.0 DC-2.2 2.0-4.0 DC-2.2 2.0-4.0

1.40:1 1.20:1 1.25:1 1.45:1 1.25:1 1.45:1

± 0.80 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB ± 1.25 dB ± 1.25 dB ± 1.50 dB

612-dB-3 2 2000

3, 6, 10, 20 dB

30 dB**

L=1.93 D=0.63 W=~

** All other Values from 1-32 dB follow 30dB specs

7/16 DIN Attenuator Series
Catalog Number 603-dB-11 5 250 Average Power (Watts) Peak Power (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) Freq. (GHz) VSWR (Max) Attenuation Tolerance Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g) L=2.98 D=7/16 DIN W=220

Model

3, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-2.5

1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

606-dB-11 10 2000

3, 6 dB 10, 20 dB 30 dB

DC-2.5

1.20:1

± 0.30 dB ± 0.50 dB ± 0.75 dB

L=3.48 D=7/16 DIN W=213

QMA Attenuator Series
Catalog Number Average Power (Watts) Peak Power (Watts) Attenuation Value (dB) 3, 6, 10, 20 dB 2 500 30 dB** ** All other Values from 1-32dB follow 30dB specs DC-2.0 1.25:1 2.0-4.0 1.35:1 ± 1.00 dB ± 1.50 dB Freq. (GHz) VSWR (Max) Attenuation Tolerance ± 0.60 dB ± 0.80 dB Length (in) Diameter (in) Weight (g) L=1.63 D=0.41 11/32 HEX W=~

Model

663-dB-1

DC-2.0 1.15:1 2.0-4.0 1.25:1

RF Splitters/Combiners
Passive splitters for distributing the output of a single antenna to multiple receivers, or for combining multiple antennas to feed a single receiver. Typical Values are show. L=low range, M=midrange, U=upper range.

ZSC24
Two-way passive RF splitter 10-1000 MHz Isolation dB (L=25, M-35, U=25) Loss at each output dB (L=3.2, M=3.5, U=3.7)

ZFSC41
Four-way passive RF splitter 1-1000 MHz Isolation dB (L=25, M-23, U=20) Loss at each output dB (L=6.4, M=6.6, U=7.6)

ZFSC843
Eight-way passive RF splitter 10-1000 MHz Isolation dB (L=23, M-25, U=26) Loss at each output dB (L=10.0, M=10.4, U=11.1)

Pocket RF Signal Divider Module

Key Specifications/Special Features: • • • • • • • Used in digital color TVs for RF front end signal processing Microstructure 5VDC power supply One way or two way input, two way output Receive frequency (MHz): 54 to 806 Input impedance (Ohm): 75 unbalanced Output impedance (Ohm): 75 unbalanced Terminal currents (mA): 108 to 128 VSWR: IN1 <=3, OUT1 <=2.5, OUT2 <=2.5

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