P. 1
Mulk Raj Anand

Mulk Raj Anand

|Views: 43|Likes:
Published by Annushri Sethi

More info:

Published by: Annushri Sethi on Nov 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Mulk Raj Anand


Mulk Raj Anand
Mulk Raj Anand
Born 12 December 1905 Peshawar, India 28 September 2004 (aged 98) Pune, India


Occupation Writer Period 20th century

Mulk Raj Anand (12 December 1905 – 28 September 2004) was an Indian writer in English, notable for his depiction of the lives of the poorer castes in traditional Indian society. One of the pioneers of Indo-Anglian fiction, he, together with R.K. Narayan, Ahmed Ali and Raja Rao, was one of the first India-based writers in English to gain an international readership.[1] [2]

Early life and education
Born in Peshawar, he studied at Khalsa College, Amritsar, before moving to England where he attended University College London as an undergraduate and later Cambridge University, graduating with a PhD in 1929. During this time he forged friendships with members of the Bloomsbury Group. He spent some time in Geneva, lecturing at the League of Nations' School of Intellectual Cooperation.

Anand's literary career was launched by family tragedy, instigated by the rigidity of the caste system. His first prose essay was a response to the suicide of an aunt, who had been excommunicated by his family for sharing a meal with a Muslim. His first main novel, Untouchable, published in 1935, was a chilling exposé of the day-to-day life of a member of India's untouchable caste. It is the story of a single day in the life of Bakha, a toilet-cleaner, who accidentally bumps into a member of a higher caste. Bakha searches for a salve to the tragedy of the destiny into which he was born, talking with a Christian missionary, listening to a speech about untouchability by Mahatma Gandhi and a subsequent conversation by two educated Indians, but by the end of the book Anand suggests that it is technology, in the form of the newly introduced flush toilet that may be his saviour by eliminating the need for a caste of toilet cleaners. This simple book, which captured the puissance of the Punjabi and Hindi idiom in English was widely acclaimed and Anand won the reputation of being India's Charles Dickens. The introduction was written by his friend, E. M. Forster, whom he met while working on T. S. Eliot's magazine Criterion. In it Forster writes: "Avoiding rhetoric and circumlocution, it has gone straight to the heart of its subject and purified it" Inevitably, Anand, who spent half his time in London and half in India, was drawn to the Indian independence movement. At the same time, he also supported freedom elsewhere around the globe and even travelled to Spain to volunteer in the Spanish Civil War. He spent World War II working as a scriptwriter for the BBC in London, where he became a friend of George Orwell. He was a friend of Picasso and had Picasso paintings in his collection. Anand returned to India in 1946, and continued with his prodigious literary output there. His work includes poetry and essay on a wide range of subjects, as well as autobiographies and novels. Prominent among his novels are The Village (1939), Across the Black Waters (1940), The Sword and the Sickle (1942), all written in England, and Coolie (1936), The Private Life of an Indian Prince (1953), perhaps the most important of his works written in India. He

• Mulk Raj Anand: novelist and fighter (http://www.google. 73–98. and taught in various universities. • Mulk Raj Anand: A Creator with Social Concern (http://www. .Mulk Raj Anand also founded a literary magazine.htm) Frontline. Forster & Edward Thompson the task of interpreting modern India to itself & the world". Cultural Self-comprehension of Nations. p. ed.Issue 21. "The Search for National Identity in India" (http://books. Tübingen (Germany): Erdmann.O. in Innsbruck (Austria) in 1974 had a special influence on debates that later became known under the phrase of 'Dialogue Among Civilizations'. [2] Ranjit Hoskote (Sep 29. Vincent A. 09 . Morning Face (1968) won him the Sahitya Akademi Award. 2004. 838. One part.it can be said that they have taken over from British writers like E. sahitya-akademi. His contribution to the conference of the I. 1978.com/thehindu/fline/fl2121/stories/ 20041022008413000. The Hindu. "The last of Indian English fiction's grand troika: Encyclopaedia of arts" (http:/ / www. he worked with the International Progress Organization (I. it contains elements of his spiritual journey as he struggles to attain a higher sense of self-awareness.htm) • Mulk Raj Anand.uk/index.marg-art. . The Indian Express.[3] Like much of his later work. htm#english) External links • Marg Publications (http://www.hindu.isj. com/ 2004/ 09/ 29/ stories/ 2004092904171100.M. org/ sahitya-akademi/ awa10304.The Oxford History of India.. During the 1970s.. htm). [3] Sahitya Akademi Award recipients in English (http:/ / www.rediff.) on the issue of cultural self-comprehension of nations.M1).org) • Obituary from rediff.org. 2005. 1967. Oxford. Oct. . in: Hans Köchler (ed. more Indian" (http:/ / www. 2004. Volume 21 . hindu. pp. and in 1950 Anand embarked on a project to write a seven-part autobiography. were more autobiographical in nature.22.php4?id=60&issue=105) in International Socialism 105. Smith (third edition. He died in Pune on 28 September 2004 at the age of 98.com (http://in. 2 References [1] "Very English.P. com/ oldStory/ 56034/ ). 2004).O. by Percival Spear). ". beginning with Seven Summers.com/ books?id=YI_nZjqwPIYC&pg=PA5&dq=isbn:3771103118&source=gbs_selected_pages& cad=0_1#PPA73.).P. indianexpress.. Sep 29. Marg. Private Life of an Indian Prince.com/news/2004/sep/28mra.

LilHelpa. Nmadhubala. Timrollpickering. Varada. Munita Prasad. Shivap. Simonides. Rich Farmbrough. Icairns. Bobo192. Docu. Sjorford. CommonsDelinker. Vicharam. Danny. Litalex. Ezeu. DennisIsMe.0 Unported //creativecommons. Linguisticgeek.org/licenses/by-sa/3. Viajero. Heartfield01.org/w/index. Salih. Gzornenplatz. Reg25. SpacemanSpiff. Jeanenawhitney. Dahn.Article Sources and Contributors 3 Article Sources and Contributors Mulk Raj Anand  Source: http://en. Sankalpdravid. Menrva. Cunningham. Nithayanandan77. Qirex.ﮐﺎﺷﻒ ﻋﻘﯿﻞ‬anonymous edits License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Max543. Ekabhishek. Aranel. Salasks. Jay. Off2riorob. Relata refero. RogDel.0/ . Everyking. Koavf. Exitr.wikipedia. Margpub. Phydend. R'n'B. Arunkris47.php?oldid=443393220  Contributors: Aecis. GDibyendu. ‫ 64 . Hindustanilanguage. Indu Singh. Shaak ti jedi master.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->