a. S.

Army itlihfar>risiory insWis
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MAY 15, 1943









AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .




CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.




1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92






a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

. STAFF.. Supporting Arms-. i.. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.... Infantry of the Line -. Regiment of Artillery (RA) .. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter ..______3. ----96 98 -_______-.. f. FORMATIONS. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. 7. d..Master .IV CONTENTS VI.- a. Services --95 2...... AND SERVICES-Continued. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .--.. b.. Household Cavalry ----------------d... TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------. Army Air Corps --------------------i.. General --------------------------98 b. 104 h.. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . HEADQUARTERS. 100 f. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------. APPOINTMENTS. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----... of Royal Engineers (. g.-101 g.----_ ------_---- 105 105 . Headquarters and Formations-Con. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e... h.... c. Page 1. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.. e. 5. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. 6.... a. Appointments ----------------------d.

.2. SCALES--__. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c.. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c. a...CONTENTS V Page .. GENERAL---____-_--.... Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 .... BRITISH AND U. General -----------_____--------b. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e.. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a.---------1.. Sending a Message __..__-........ General ----.--.-__-. S... Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D.--a. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------... b. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---.1. -.....___-------------_ e. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -..... d.. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1..---__ ------------_ 2. "Secret"_-.. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---.. MAPS ------------. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-. Origin -----------------------.. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---.. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. c.. b........-____-_.... Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B. Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2...------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.----------- 190 190 190 3...----------------187 187 Appendix A.___ b..._____-.__... C. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------..__-..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-. CHANGE 3... GENERAL--______________________. ---- a.....

Modified British System grid.. Modified British System grid.. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. Modified British System grid. Differences ------------------------b.VI CONTENTS D.------------. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. 4. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. U. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. 7. S. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. Modified British System ----------------. 2. Grid lettering. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. Horsepower -------------------------c. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. S. S. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . U. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. Oil. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. Gasoline. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2._194 195 196 199 . U. British System grid --------------------------------6..

A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. S. However. common U. 1 . A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. gallon. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations.Section I. for example. and the U. In the lists which follow. troops. Since new forms are constantly appearing. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. battery do not have the same connotations for U. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. S. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. S. and British officers. ton. military terms are given with their British equivalents. S.

or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent.Section 11. Responsible officer.-Single batteries. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). S. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. functional term has no British equivalent. S.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. 97). rather. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. etc. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds.-Absent from post or duty. military terms with their definitions. Where a U. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. U. . S. or of funds. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. 4. Accompanying artillery. platoons. For example. (see fig. p. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. Accountable officer.

military governmrent. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown.-When unqualified. Advance command post. salvage.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. necessary tactical details also shown. No equivalent. (See also Combat orders." It comprises: supply. for the exercise of temporary control. personnel management. sanitation. rear echelon. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac).-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Adlninistrative order. and evacuation. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. replacements. Administration. or both. train bivouacs.-An engagement or battle. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. such as traffic. Same. traffic control. and other allied subjects. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. maintenance. censorship. supply.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. evacuation. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. Advance by echelon. martial law. Same or administration map.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. usually one on a small scale. Advance by bounds. quartering. such as supply and evacuation installations. S. straggler line.-An order covering administrative details.) Advance. Same. graves registration.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. burials. To make progress in the direction of the enemy. transportation. . usually issued by divisions and higher units. Administrative map. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order).-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. To move forward. Same. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. computations pertaining to movements. Adilressee. Same. construction.U. main supply road(s).

-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. sound. Aerial (or air) photograph. airplanes. or airships. and messenger. (See cedes the main body on the march. Agency of signal communication.000. (See fig. Same.Advanced guard. Advance on. fig. signal supply. Advance party. Air area. tion to which the wounded are brought. Aerial (or air) photograph. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. intended primarily for use in air navigation.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment. Aerial (or air) observation. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. the support of the advance 1.) Advance message center.-An establishment of the Medical De.000).-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. radio. any kind of aircraft.-A term embracing Signal unit.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard.-Observation from bal. visual. 1.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit).-A detachment that is sent out by. Aid station. (RAP) (in the case sorting. Van guard. subdivision of the communications zone. signal intelligence.) Aeronautical charts.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. units having organic or attached observation aviation.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. pertaining to air navigation has been added. loons. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. pigeon. oblique (vertical).Aerial observation.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre. . Advance section.-Advance toward. and wire communication.-A security detachment which pre.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. and moves ahead of.

. (2). march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). . (10) Main body of rear guard. (6).-U. Figure 1. S. (13) Rear guard mobile troops. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L.tU.S. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit).o. S. ROUTE COLUMN ( U. (12) Rear parties of rear guard. (4) Van guard.) (7) Advanced guard. (3). O U. (5) Main guard. (8) (Same. (11).S. Rear guard: (9).

pursuit aviation. Same. Airborne troops. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. Aerodrome. Alert.-A warning system consisting of observers.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Airdrome.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Air defense command.-A landing field. and maintaining military aviation units. Same. Air raid warning system.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Same. Alternate firing position. Vigilant. Aircraft warning service. Alternate emplacement. . antiaircraft artillery. Alternative site.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. including aircraft warning services. Alignment. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. Car post (CP). information centers.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances. Fighter command. Air superiority (or advantage).-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. Air superiority.-A state of readiness for movement or action. British Same. operating. Alternative position. balloon barrages. Alinement.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. An alarm warning. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. arming. Ambulance loading post. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. Air-landing troops.

forces against attack from the air.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). dispositions.. To attack from such a position. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. tables. installations. Approach.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps.-The advance. Antitank weapons.-A route by which a place or position can Same. Antitank ditch. maps. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. or armored units. to protect troops. or air attack is encountered. Annexes. overlays. sketches. any device similarly operated. mission is employment against armored vehicles. and establishments against mechanized.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). S. forms. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery.-A point established for the ad. motorized. to the point of effective small-arms fire. be approached by an attacking force. employed to amplify orders and reports. as a bridge. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). Ambush.-Orders. defence Antiaircraft defense. . Antitank mine. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.-A ditch designed to stop the pas.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. Approach march.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. Appendices and traces or annexures. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. graphs. Antimechanized defense.IU. sage of track-laying vehicles.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. etc.Anti-tank ditch. Troops posted in such a position. Antitank mine field. usually in extended Same. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. The route leading to anything.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. also. charts. front to rear and vice versa. It includes passive means of defense.

includes corps. When delivered by mounted troops. they may be fixed or portable. platoon.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. general.-To reach a designated point or line. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. it is called the "charge. Armoured troops. Refers to the head of a unit. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Local attack.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. company. Assault.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. and attached artillery. Arrive. Artificial obstacles. Artillery with the corps. assault. Same. Artillery preparation.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Armored force. assigned to General attack.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Same.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. Artillery position. .-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. Same. King's Regulations. section. Armoured car. Army Regulations. Assault. division.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Artillery corps. Assault. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. Same. Armored car." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. local. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.

) Axis of signal communication. Auxiliary arm.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. Automatic supply.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. p. p. named in the direction of contemplated movement. 10. fig.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. Assembly area. Attached unit. Attack. in close order. (See also Exploitation.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. continuing." Same.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. The grouping of units in areas. Normal supply. 2. forming up or concentration (b). No equivalent. . Ballistics. Balanced stocks.) Attacking echelon. 10. 9 British Forming up or parade (a).U. S.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation.) (See Leading troops in attack.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit. (See fig.-a. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. of the elements of a command. b. Same.) Unit "'under command.-(Obsolete. 2. Assembly position. Exploitation.-The science of the motion of projectiles. Supporting arm. prior to or following combat. Attack. The regular grouping.-The leading echelon in attack.) (See Main supply road. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. Axial road.

(4) (Same. (2) (Same.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position.) (9) Exploitation.-U.) (7) Plan of attack. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).) (5) (Same. S.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). Figure 2.) (6) (Same. . (8) (Same.

Barrier. Same. Same.-A barrier of captive balloons. or both.U.-Prearranged on a line or lines. Same. Barracks bag. Beachhead. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. either natural or artificial.000.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. either stationary or moving. . No equivalent. under the control of the commander of the theater.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. Base area. No equivalent. Beach defence.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20.-A group of obstacles. Beach defense. Base section. Balloon bed. Barrier tactics. No equivalent. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. Same. for the theater of operations as a whole. Base unit (or base of movement). that block or restrict entrance into an area. Same. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. S. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. Barricade. Kit bag. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). fire Barrage.-The position of principal resistance in defense. Battle map.-A map.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Base reserves.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. 519636--43----2 Same.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment. usually applied to roads. Battle position.

ing the enemy as to the existence.Same. classes established in dumps on the beach.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. or military works.Same. letters and numerals. or of Code sign. To establish a camp. elevations. ings.-A signal. the target. a defended area over which a bomber. Call sign." Bomb-release line. ing an area. one giving a center of impact which is over. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. Bound.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. when it strikes the ground. classified as "light.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). Camouflage. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. or location of material.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. Breakthrough.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. and the other a center of impact which is short of. Bridgehead.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv.Same. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. nature.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves. Bombardment aviation.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. To put into camp. troops. A temporary location or station for troops.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. usually a group of letters.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. Bivouac. . Boundary. Box barrage. Beaten zone.-The difference between two ranges or Same. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command." "medium. Bracket. used for radio station identification.-A system of standing barrages enclos.Same.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same. Camp. Billets." and "heavy. vancing in one of several successive moves. aircraft. armoured formations shelter tents.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. Same. or improvised shelter.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same.

equivalent. Casualty agent (chemical).-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite.U. Chief of Staff. Poisonous gas.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. No. they are applied to private communications. Cipher. Chemical cylinder. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. is capable of producing a toxic effect. a screening smoke. Check concentrations. Same. photography.-The middle point or element of a command. No exact equivalent. Registration. detailed as such. Casualties. Same. or desertion. or an incendiary action. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. Same. Cylinder. capture.-A substance useful in war which. Hutment. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. (See General Staff.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. sickness. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. Same.) Chlorination.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. Chemical land mine. a powerful irritant effect.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.) Chemical agent. and all communications.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. radio broadcasts. Censorship. If the number of elements considered is even. publications. Center.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. the right center element is considered the center element.-Losses in numerical strength by death. . S. press dispatches. Same. wounds. discharge. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit.-The senior General Staff officer.

and machinery. oil. pyrotechnics. will eventually belong to this corps. orders.-The sending of messages. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. trucks. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. treated if necessary. arms. Refers to the tail of a unit. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME).-To pass a designated point or line. Class IV.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. radio sets. Clear (verb). purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V).") Close order. behind the first echelon. sorted. Circulation map. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. antitank mines. (Formerly called "hospital station. and chemicals. tools. Clear (in the). Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. such as rations and forage. Petrol (gasoline).-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Same. Clearing station. .-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. a newly formed corps. stations. gas masks. Casualty clearing station (CCS). Class V. and instruments. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. Circuit diagram. construction materials. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. of all items. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. Class I. Diesel oil. such as clothing. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ). Same. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain.-A fuels and lubricants.' Same. such as fortification materials.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. fuel oil. excepting those of the first echelon. Traffic map. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. and coal. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME).

Code.-The organization of the Coast defence force. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense. S. only). Coastal zone. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. Column. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. Coastwise sea lane.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. . or numbers. phrases.-The whole area of the navigable Same.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander. words.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). Collecting station. Coastal frontier. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers.-A point designated for the collec. Coast artillery district. Collecting point.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. seacoast. ineluding such forward. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping.U. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto.-A naval force which may be organ.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route. and rear security forces as may be employed. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force. Coastal frontier defense. flank.Fortress command. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. letters. waters adjacent to the seacoast. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. placed one behind another.-A peacetime tactical com.Same.

Combat orders. . Combat team. dictated. as by two or more allie§. Combat intelligence. Joint operations. by the Army and Navy.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. and supported by. corps.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. etc. Combat orders include field orders. after the outbreak of hostilities. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. and air forces).-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. covering any phase of operations in the field. Combat outpost.-Military intelligence produced in the field. Combat unit loading. letters of instruction. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. and administrative orders. as the Infantry. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces.-Oral. such as an infantry regiment. or any two or more of them.. land.) Combat zone. and division areas2 Combined operations.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. Field Artillery. United States Combat echelon. Cavalry.-(See Unit loading. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. Outpost. Forward area. a field artillery battalion. Air Corps. It is divided into army. and a combat engineer company. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. g. Corps of Engineers. brigade group).

the establishments of supply and evacuation. containing the lines of communication. Grocery shop and store. Command car. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. S.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. Commercial loading. which can be communicated from one person to another. Commissary. other than personal equipment. Line of communications (L of C) area. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. One of the essential elements of -military organization.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment.) Same.-A motor vehicle. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. No equivalent. Advanced (or forward) HQ. has been issued to them. Armoured command vehicle (ACV).-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. usually run by NAAFI). the other two being combat and supply elements.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. To order or exercise command. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. and local produce store (part of an institute. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. usually armed and armored. Same. .'U. Command post. (See Post exchange (PX).-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. Commanding ground. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. ration shop.-A disease caused by germs. Communications zone. Communicable disease. Contagious disease.

Multiple call.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. on mobilization. attack. Conferene call. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. Same. for training. Compartment of terrain.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation. An assembly of troops in a particular locality.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. cities. Same (a and b).-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere. Company aid men. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. or defense. Same. Concealment.-a. woods.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera. Concertina wire. b. Connecting file.-To hold in place. Composite photograph. Contain. Concentration. c.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. . Same.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. Same. To enclose.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. massed fire (c). Consolidationof position. Same. Connecting group (or file. No equivalent. Same. To restrain. Containing action. or bodies of water. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Same.

Convoy.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. Control point. Counterbattery fire. Same.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. Same. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. Contingent zone.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post.U. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions).-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. Cossack post. Same. .-The act of supervising.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. Counterattack. No equivalent. adjacent contours. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery). Same.) Cooperation. or leads toward an objective. and combining to gain the best results. Corridor. Coordination. Same. Contour interval.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end. with a single sentinel in observation. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Vertical interval.-An area within the field of fire.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. To escort. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. Observation post by day. other than the normal zone.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. regulating.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. S. 19 United States Containingforce. Controlled mosaic.. Convoy unit loading.-(See Unit loading.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.

--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. reconnaissance. Counterintelligence. Coverage.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. or by any combination of these methods. attack. Covering force (or detachment).20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. another force or a locality. or any object affording such protection. Same. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. To protect. Reserve supplies. Same. The actual or topographical crest. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. or defense. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). their proper use. and their careful protection. Cryptography. (See also Reserve requirements. or from the trench board. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts.) Crest. Credit. Same.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness.-The summit or highest line of a ridge. or provide security for. Counterpreparation.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. Cryptographic security. No equivalent. Same.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. Counteroffensive. to the top of the parapet. Same. Same. Same. Counterreconnaissance. Same.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Cover. .

because of intervening obstacles. British Daily ration strength state. and inshore of.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. Daily supply train. Same. Daily wastage rate. area. wood. one side being decisively defeated. Defense. Defence. Same.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day. Same. Same. Debouch. Intention (a).) Day of supply.) than a regiment). state of being defended.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. Coast defence area. . Decision. S.-a.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves.-The means adopted for resisting attack.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram. or other close country into open country. Decode. Danger area. Day of fire.-To maintain against force. Dead ground. Dead space. strength report is included. To conduct a defensive battle. sive in order to gain an objective. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces. and later to initiating an offen. A decisive outcome of a battle. The act of defending. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. or. same (b).'U. against attack.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. Defended locality.-To translate a code message into ordinary language. Defensive coastal area. Defense.-To march from a defile. Danger space. To secure Defend. b.--(See Unit of fire. Defensive-offensive. Daily train.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall.

Defensive zone. Defensive sea area. harbor. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. to the front. Demonstration. generally parallel Defended locality. or the daiiger of being considered hostile.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. Deferred message. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.-An attack delivered or a show of Same. Defilade.-A belt of terrain. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. bay. Delaying position.-A portion of the coastal zone.-A form of defensive action em.-A message whose delivery to the Same. Defensive position. . if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. Defile. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged.-Protection from hostile ground observa. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size. No equivalent. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. obstructions. Delaying action. or sound. such as a mountain pass or a bridge.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. within which. be traversed only on a narrow front.Same. usually including the approach to an important port. tion and fire provided by a mask.Same. or which restricts lateral movements.-A position taken up for the pur. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. A battle position.Intermediate position.

" Same. Discharge. . Detachment. Discipline.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Direct support. Detonator. classification. Same. and forwarding of replacements. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. classification. or salvage of supplies. Direct pursuit. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. Same. Same. Dictated order. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. 23 United States Deployment.-An extension of the front of a cornmand.-An order delivered orally. Depot. Same. whether actually in march or halted.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. and including the envelopment thereof. Development. No equivalent. or for the reception. S.-To release from service. Same. is facing at the instant considered. Detached post.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. storage. Same.-An organized locality for the reception. Depth.U. British Same. Deployment.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. Pursuit. issue. in preparation for action. Directionof march. Same.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. including the front and rear elements.-The direction in which the base of the command.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. "In support. Direct laying.

1st Division. accomplished im various ways.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. Displacement.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. or maneuver.) Dock. for the reception of ships. Distribution." Dump distribution. Movement to new position. United States Dispensary. as between two piers.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. without hospitalization. division. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. Disposition." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. Dud. Same. Same. A delivery of supplies. . Same.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. other than a depot or railhead. Distributing point. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished." Distribution. or SP). Dispersion of projectiles.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution. Distance. Same. as battle. or smaller unit.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. the latter become distributing points. march. such as "Class I Distributing Point. dump (railhead) (unit). to subordinate units or to individuals. Dump. 1st Infantry. (AP). Same.-A slip or waterway. (AP).-A place. Same.

No equivalent.U. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. mat6riel.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. generally different in character.-Troops. (See Firing position. Enveloping force. Same.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. Superimposed fire.-One of the subdivisions of a command. Emergency barrage. for a particular weapon. Effective range. S. support echelon. as service elements.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. . Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). Entrucking group. To prepare a message in code. Encode.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line.-To translate ordinary language into code. Element. effective results may be expected. In battle formations.) Encircling force. etc. Same. Embussing (debussing) point.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. engineer. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. Enfilade. The various subdivisions of a headquarters. and reserve echelon. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. such as forward echelon and rear echelon.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth. Same. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. Entrucking (detrucking) point. British No equivalent (refers only to transport).-The range at which. such as the attacking echelon. meaning quartermaster. and medical units. Same. Emplacement. ordnance.

-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. its accuracy.) Evacuation.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. animals. Escortforce. Same. persons. avoid surprise. also. Same. Essential elements of information. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. (See also Situation. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. that is. sick. Espionage. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. Same. . Appreciation of the situation. of the terrain not under friendly control. its credibility. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. Escort. and wounded).-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. and information requested by other units. including the expression of his decision.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. Estimate of the situation. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. Assessment of value of intelligence report. and its application to the situation. or formulate the details of a plan. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. conduct a maneuver. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. prisoners of war. Evaluation of information.-A body of armed men to guard a person. Same. Same. or goods on a journey. United States Envelopment.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear.-That information of the enemy.

TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. Fixed line.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. Exploitation. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. Field order. fuel. "B" echelon transport. Same. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat.) Filler replacement. A stratagem.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. forage. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. in order to stop assaults.-For machine-gun fire.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). and not the second-incommand. is placed grazing fire. the second-in-command. A pretense. (See also Attack.-The maximum range of any weapon. Same. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. Same. Final protective line. S.-Formerly. Operation order (00).) Extended order. (See also Combat orders. Field fortification. continuing. Same.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. or both. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. Extreme range. reinforce- . generally.) Field train. To make a feint.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. (See Train. greater than in close order. Same.U. Feint.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. First-line ment. a predetermined line along which. often fixed as to direction and elevation.

Fire on targets of opportunity. Same.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Fire trench.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Fire.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. Same. Fire.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. Fire. Fire. Fire. Fire.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Same.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. Same. Same.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. Same. traversing. Fire. Fire. plunging.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. Same. high-angle. Same. or other linear target. Sweeping (or traversing) fire.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. Aiming off. overhead. United States Fire. Same. assault. observed.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire. Fire superiority. Fire. frontal.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. low-angle. indirect. Fire. grazing. Same. searching. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. Same. leading. . oblique. Fire. Same.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun.

--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. or supplementary.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. Fixed armament. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit. converging.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Destructive fire.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. classified as primary.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. Firing position. Same. Fire. cone of. Fire control. Same. Same. Same Same. combined traversing and searching.U. Fire.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. Fire. conduct of. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. Fire direction.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. direct. Same.-The combined fire of a group of individuals. Same. Fire. alternate. Same. British Same. Fixed obstacles. Fire. Fire discipline. .-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. S. Fire. collective.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Same.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. Fire. First aid.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. destruction. Searching and sweeping fire. Fire control. at appropriate times. Same.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire.

flanking. Flank guard (or patrol). That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun.) No equivalent. when facing the enemy. by observation. Same.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. 5.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank.-Firedirected at a single point. distributed. Flank. Right flank is the right side. Fire. Fire. Same. Flanking attack. Same. without traversing or searching. 1. inclusive. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. field of. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. To collect supplies for men and animals. Fire on fixed line. battery. Same. Registration shoot.-The side of a command. Same.) Fire for effect.-The act of exerting close.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. Flight. Fire. Firefor adjustment. . Foragers. p. Same. Anlly fire against a hostile target. other than for registration. fixed (concentrated) (point). Follow.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. Same. Same. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. Follow up. Same. Forage.-Foodfor animals. or other unit.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. (See also Check concentrations and Registration.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. or trial Same. (See fig.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. from the leading to the rearmost element. inaccuracies in the firing data.--To regulate movement on the element in front. British Same.

or grenade. A strong and fortified place.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march.) Gait. No equivalent.-Small.) Fragmentation.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). bomb. Fragmentation bomb. that is. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. .-(See General Staff. Same. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. trot. in width. G-l. Operation instructions. Anti-personnel bomb. (See Shelter trenches.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. in column. Formation. exclusive of local security. Front.-The direction of the enemy. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.U. Same.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. Frontage. 31 United States Forced march.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. S. Same.-The line formed by the most advanced units. or in any other designated disposition. Same. Same. Fragmentary orders.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. the walk. A permanent post. (See also Letters of instruction.-The space. in echelon. G-3. G-4. individual shelter or rifle pit. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. in any given situation.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. Same. G-2. Same.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. Gait of march. Front line. Foxhole. The line of contact of two opposing forces. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. British Fort. The space occupied by an element. or gallop.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line.

97. not assigned to armies or smaller units.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. War Plans lb and 2. 94-95. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. GHQ aviation. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. 4. GravesRegistrationService. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). . G-2. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). pars.Group. reconnaissance. S-1. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. VI.-A temporary grouping Grouping. Supply. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. Each sec(or the "A") branch. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. In units smaller than p. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant .-A tactical com.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1.-Irregularwar car. G-4. pp. Operathe "Q") branch). General Staff. and No equivalent.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. S-2. transport' aviation. and fig.Same. tions and Training.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. 96. General support. War Department. within the continental United States. S-3. Groupment (Field Artillery). be confused with G-3). S-4. G-3. p. Intelligence. ried on by independent bands. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. a fifth section. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war.-An organization charged Same.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent.-All combat. and is not to 8. Personnel. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. and with the (See sec.) the division. note Division of the War Department.

masking and thus slow up enemy operations.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. annoy the enemy.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. frequent small attacks. Heavier-than-air. Same.-To retain physical possession.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. armoured formations or units). Head of column. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. Harassing agent.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. military and air forces. Hand sled. Hold (verb). Specifically. Harbor defense. (See also Interdiction fire.-Firstelement of a column in order Same.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same.-A chemical agent used to force Same. S. Harassing fire. closely. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). of march. against attacks from the sea. . the image of the horizon. Harass.--A term generally applied to air. raids. Same.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel. Hatch.Same. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination. and to lower his efficiency and morale.U. by hand. it applies to a small sled on runners. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily. Holding and reconsignment point. High oblique. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. etc. more Same.) Harbor. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same.

Infiltrate. Ground strips. In position. Immobilize.--Atermof measurement.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. Horse length.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. organizations.-(See Clearing station.) Identification panels. Same.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. Indorsement.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication." Same.. Same.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. Same. Initial point (IP).-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.-To tie down. it is about 8 feet. Individual equipment. Same. Indirect laying.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations. Same. Minute. a horse length is considered 3 yards. Forconvenience in estimating space. Same. .-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target. Actually. To deprive of mobility. Personal clothing and equipment. Inner harbor area. Incendiary agent. Hospital station.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. British No equivalent. Same. or equipment are identified.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) .-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit. Initial requirements. Identifications. Starting point (SP).

Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). the attainment of the final objective. Same. Toxic smoke. Interpretation of information.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation.000. coughing.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. including the movement. (See also Time interval.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. Interdictionfire.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. Same. and is usually essential to. S.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. Intermediate-scale maps.) Intermediate objective. . TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness.) Irritant smoke. Intercept station. Smnall-scale maps. Same.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. (See also Harassingfire.U.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. Intermediate section.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. Interdict. Inshore patrol. No equivalent. intended for planning stragetic operations. No equivalent. British Same. or both. No equivalent. concentration.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. Sanme.-The objective whose attainment precedes. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. and supply of troops. lacrimation.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire.000 to 1:500. Integrity of tactical units.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. Interval.

36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Large-scale maps.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. 10.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. Joint operations. Letter(s) of instruction. Operation instruction (s).-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Line. used to insure coordination between adjacent units.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. though temporary.-A tactical locality.-A delivery of supplies. Leapfrog. Same.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. as orders or communiques. Same. Same or vital point. Same. Lighter-than-air. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.--(See Combined operations.) Journal. p.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. Specifically. Limiting point. 2.) Liaison. as from a defile or fortress.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Key point. Start(ing) line. Lachrymator. To send out officially or publicly. The supplies so delivered.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement. eye pains. Junction point. Same. Lacrimator. To emerge or sally forth.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. Same. British War diary. fig. affording observation and communication. Same. Line of departure. Landingfield.) (See . Same.

-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction.-The weight of 2.U. supply. waterways. Defensive fire. Same.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. Same. A command less all detachments. Lung irritant.-In each tactical grouping. and evacuation. Lines of communication.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. Main effort. Reinforcement. Same. Lines of action. Courses of action or courses open. Logistics. Line route map.-The network of railways.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon.) Litter relay point. and quartering of troops.240 pounds avoirdupois. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. Main body. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. Main attack. S. Same.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Supply lines. Ton. Transport. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation. Loss replacement.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport. Local counterpreparation. Long ton. British Same.-The principal part of a command.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. Same. No equivalent. Low oblique. Same.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. . The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. supply. (See also Communications zone.

-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. 2 Base repairs (i. e.). (Formerly called "axial road. First-line repairs (i. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. third echelon. maintenance carried out by army workshops).. second echelon.. maintenance carried out by base workshops). though one side may be outlined. 14. e. Manifest (ship's).-That maintenance. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).. Maintenance. fourth echelon. Maneuver.--Driver's maintenance. e. Maintenance. 2 Third-line repairs (i.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. 2 Manoeuvre. 2 Second-line repairs (i. (See fig. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC. Same. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons.-Movement so designed as to place troops. Maintenance requirements.") Maintenance.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. 2See p. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). .-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. 3. first echelon. mat6riel. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. e. etc. represented. maintenance carried out. note 1. daily maintenance by driver)..-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. Maintenance. performed by the using arms and services. or imaginary.) Main artery of supply.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. other than first echelon maintenance. Main supply road. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map. R E. ordnance.

.U. (6) Brigade reserve area. (4) Company sector. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). Figure 3. S. S. (5) Battalion sector. (3) Platoon sector. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology). (2) Brigade reserve position.-U.

showing the relative size and position. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale).-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander.) March discipline. radio. (See also Security detachment. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. Same or table. Mask (obstruction). March outpost. Means of signal communication. of the parts represented. Same. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. movement Same. March unit. Maps. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask. March graph. pigeon. such as messenger.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. .--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. etc. and wire communication. Group. Same.) March table.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. woods. Movement graph.-March toward. Martial law. usually an intervening hill.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. visual. British Same or track discipline.-A graphical presentation of a march. or some part of it. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. or while regular outposts are being established. sound. Same. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. No equivalent.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. according to some given scale or projection. Covering detachment. March on.

Same. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. Message center. documents.) B. and its further use. (See app.) Military crest. Encounter or contact battle. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. Receipt.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning.. intended for strategical. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. Mechanized unit. tactical. Crest. S.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. Signal office. Same or signal or despatch. p. orders. therefore. .) Mechanized cavalry.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed. and those arriving by special messengers. photographs. Meeting engagement.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. par. Message.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. 2. transmission. Same.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles.000 to 1:125. is undesirable. Same.000. maps. Memorandum receipt. Medium-scale maps. those handled by the military or civil postal service. reports. in plain language or code. transmitted by a means of signal communication. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization.U.-A term which includes all instructions. etc. Message. 190. local messages.

Mine layer. Mobile reserves. Mobile armament. Same or task. Same. Morning report. .-A specially constructed seagoing craft. information concerning a possible or actual enemy. United States Military government.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Same. Military Police.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Military intelligence. gathered from any source. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom. or theater of operations. Mopping up. Same.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. Same. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. Mine planter. Minimum range.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. Minimum crest clearance. tractor-drawn.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. Mission.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Same. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. Morale. Military information. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. Daily strength state. This class consists of railway.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation.-Information.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps").-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. and truck-drawn artillery.

For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission.U. Same. classified as "controlled. swamps. S. Neutralization fire. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. streams.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. Neutralize. Objective.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses. Nonpersistent agent. Multiple-lens camera. etc. in general. Same. rendered one another by adjacent elements. hampering or interrupting movement or action.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. such as deserts.-Not poisonous." Motorization. Zone of fire. Neuttalise.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. Mutual support. Same. Natural obstacles. Same. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Same. Nontoxic. Normal zone. forests. Same. mountains." or "strip. Same or motor unit. 519636°--43----4 Same. Neutralising fire. Motorized unit. and. Same (but with no definite time limit).-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Barrage. .-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome.-The support involving fire or movement or both. Normal barrage.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports." "uncontrolled.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs.

-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. Operation map. observation of artillery fire. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. . Oral order. defenses. Same. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance).-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. using conventional signs. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. courier. Order of march.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. Orderly officer. for the study of objectives. Same. No equivalent.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire.-An order delivered by word of mouth.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. Same. charts. or their order in the march column.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. British No equivalent. Observation aviation. Same.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. Requirements. Organizationalrequirements. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. approaches. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. fixed or portable.-Any device or feature. abbreviations. to show location. Obstacle. Offshore patrol. overlays. Operation map. either natural or artificial. Observation post. Officer of the day. etc. maps. (or sketch) Verbal order. military symbols. tactical or protective. photographs. or drawings.-The disposition of troops for a march. for the observation of an area or sector. and writing or printing. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. and liaison duty for ground units. and other important data concerning the objective. and command.

field works.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. Pace. Same. Outpost. for laying over a map. as of artillery. To identify directions on the terrain. are shown.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. No equivalent. Same. . Overlay. Overseas operations. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. S. Outpost line of resistance. Same. targets. Trace. Outguard. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce).) Outpost area. Same. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. Expeditionary force.-(See Unit loading.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position.. etc.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. Orient. Rate of movement. Outflank. 45 Same.U. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. Line of outposts. British No equivalent.) Organizationfor combat.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. To inform or explain.-A step of 30 inches. enemy positions.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. Forward standing patrol. (See Combat outpost.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. on which various locations. to make another conversant with. the length of the full step in quick time.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations.

Same. Same.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board.-A form of individual pack. and parking vehicles. Leapfrogging. sometimes armored. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. Park. Same.-A motor vehicle. Parachute troops.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. Report line. Same. in issuing his initial orders. and on.-An area used for the purpose of servicing. Persistentagent. Same. the battlefield. .-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. British No equivalent. The act of patrolling. Same. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. Same. Penetration.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. Party.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. Passage of lines. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. Same. common in northern countries.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. Photogrammetry. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. maintaining. Personnel carrier. or both. and in the occupation and organization of the position. Patrol. Phase line. in initiating the movement forward to position.

-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. (Point section of the) van guard. Canteen or Navy. Plain text (or clear text or plain language).U. No equivalent.) Movable obstacles. British Same. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. p. specifically for any military operation. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. Same.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). 1. Picket. including.) Position in readiness. Same. a scale and a directional arrow.-Obstacles capable of being moved. Port of Embarkation. at least.-A scheme or design. Plan.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. (See fig. Portable obstacles. Same. . A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. assembly. Pin point. Position. on its face.-The text of a message which.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. S. Army.-(See Assembly area.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. Position of readiness. Post exchange (PX).-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. 47 Same. as the basis for his orders to his command. Photographic reconnaissance. Point. Piquet or patrol.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. 5. Photomap. standing Same. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own.

-Definite rulings which establish. No equivalent. Same. Protective obstacles. British Predicted fire. road. Pursuit aviation. . Same. Prisonersof war.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. Priorities.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Quarantine.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. Important message. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. under quarantine. drill.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission. working. Primary firing position. Pursuit. Same.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops.-(See Artillery preparation. Same.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action. Provisional map.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. the movements of rail.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). or the performance of several tasks. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately). It may contain form lines or contours.artillery. Priority message. in order of time.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. or other transport. Fighter aircraft.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. classified as interceptor and fighter. Same. or instruction) is not interrupted. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Precede.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. water. Preparation. the precedence of shipment.

-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. Rear.) Rate of march. Harbouring party. Same or speed. Same. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. Reconnaissance patrol. usually by small forces. Rear guard." "Ammunition Railhead.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code. Same. Reconnaissance. Same or rear patrol (See fig. 1st Division. or to observe terrain. Range.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. No equivalent.) Same. Ration cycle. .-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. such as "Class I Railhead. The direction away from the enemy." Railhead distribution. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. Raid.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. 1. S.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie. directed against an enemy. Same. An offensive movement. R a dio-telephony (R/T). effective (extreme) (minimum). No equivalent. 5.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head).-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed.--Radio communication by means of the voice.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. designated by a unit commander. Ration. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)).-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead.-The operation of searching for information in the field.-A point. Same. Same.U. Same.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). to maintain contact with the enemy. Rallying point. Rear party. 1st and 2d Divisions. p. A billeting party.

-An individual available for assign. especially for combat purposes.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. and reserve.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. filler (loss). returned to his own country or citizenship.) Registration. I Mosaics (verticalonly). 3. Replacement. 3. . (See fig.-An area in which the regi. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. Repatriate. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment.-An individual who is restored or Same. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. Replacement. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. Regimental reserve line. They are classified as individual.) Regulating officer.) Requirements. and operation for a given period. a supply point or estab. Regulating station.-An easily recognizable point Same. 39.-The officer in charge of a regu. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment. Regulating point.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition. a selected course. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. 39. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. lating station. mental reserves in the battle position.-A series of overlapping ver. p.) along and behind the regimental reserve line.-The computed needs for a military Same.-Troops used to augment -the Same. maintenance. p.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. Reinforcements.-A line designated to co. strength of another body of troops. ment. initial.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement.) Regimental reserve area.Sector control.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique).Same.Brigade reserve area. organizational.-A traffic control agency estab.Reinforcement.Same. maintenance. Refilling point.-Formerly. (See Supply point.

-Those carried on the soldier.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization.-(See Beach reserves. Same. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. beach. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. detached corps. to attract the enemy in a desired direction. . while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition. A request for supplies. same (b).) Reserves (supply). or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves.U. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory.) Requisition. Reserve requirements. Unit reserves. Withdrawal. (See also Credit." Battle reserves are supplies.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. animal. Battle reserves. Reserves. also designated as "reserve supplies. S.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. b. Retirement.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action.) Responsible officer. usually on a form furnished for the purpose.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. Same. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. Reserve supplies.-Supplies accumulated by the army. Reserve (tactical). Same.-a. Individual reserves. British Indent (a). or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy.

Rolling barrage. Right (left) bank of stream. Withdrawal. Salvage.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. captured. Moving barrage. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. Same. Routes of communication. Same.-The collection of abandoned. Same. Road space.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. navigable waters. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. To recover or save. United States Retreat. and airplane landing facilities. . Road crater. The act of retreating. Same.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Same.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream.) Salient. S-3. S-s. Runner. Road block. Same.-A movement to the rear.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Property so collected.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Routine message.-A message requiring no special precedence.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Same. Same.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Roving gun (Field Artillery).--(See General Staff. Same. Same. S-1. Retrograde movement.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal. Same.-A foot messenger. Reverse slope. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. S-4. the presence of rail facilities. Same.

and in reporting the results of observation.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber. Same.-A section of terrain. .) Same. (See Defense area. Message in cipher or code. Secure.) Sector. on its face. The body of troops used to screen a command.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. Arc of fire. It includes both fixed and mobile armament. Scout.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. p. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately).-A man specially trained in shooting. designated by boundaries.) Secret text (or secret language).-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. Screen.-The text of a message which. fig. Scout car. Schedule fires.) Scheme of maneuver. (See Same (but without a cover). S. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. A man who gathers information in the field. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation. Same. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose.-(See Holding attack. Secondary attack. Coast defence artillery.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps).-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram.) Same. in observing. Same.) Sector of fire. 2. To act as a scout. 53 British Plan of attack. Screening smoke.--(See Prearranged fires.U. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. 10. in using ground and cover.-The use or application of sanitary measures.-(See Seize.

Service train.-Formerly. Same.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. "Restricted"). light. Judging. communication. No equivalent."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). That which covers or defends. and police of the larger unit as a whole. S. transportation. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. screen or cover from notice. Supply units. Sentry squad. Same or cover. by 3-inch shells. Sensing. evacuation. An outguard of one squad. preferably with the same march characteristics. heavy shellproof. annoyance.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation.) the enemy. .-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. To afford or provide shelter. No equivalent.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. Security detachment. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. The protection resulting from such measures. Same. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. over or short of the target. Shelter. or surprise attack by the enemy. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons.-To gain physical possession of. and in some cases against a continued bombardment.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. Sentry post. A screen. equivalent to U.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. (See Train.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. Shelter.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left.-One or more march units.-Any form of concealment from view. with or without force. To Protection. Serial. construction. Covering detachment. maintenance. Supply units .) Service units (or elements). Seize (or secure). Shelter. placed under one commander for march purposes.

taken as a whole. light shellproof. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). Signal communication security. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. by detection of secret inks.) (Short) ton. Shelter. Situation. Same (for formations below the division. Shelter trenches. or by the solution of codes. strength. (A consideration of these conditions. which affect a command at any given time. S.) British No equivalent. terrain. etc. Same (a consideration of these conditions. considerations of time and space. Short ton.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. Slit trenches. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. Signal security.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. (See Foxhole. followed by a decision. Signal operation instructions.) Signal intelligence. Same. and the mission to be accomplished.. and on which its plans must be based. and messages.U.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. etc.000 pounds avoirdupois.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. followed by an intention. and the possible lines of action. Single-lens camera. except mail or direct personal agency.-All the conditions and circumstances. constitutes the estimate of the situation. Same.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. ciphers. splinter-proof. and grenades.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. and the possible courses of action. Same. armament. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. against splinters of high-explosive shell. but contained ii) the formation operation order). ..-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. Signal communication. Same.-(See Signal security.-The weight of 2. Same. They include such items as the positions. the weather.

and supply functions. No equivalent. British Situation map. usually Infantry. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. Sledges. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack.-Same as sleds. administrative. Same. Staff authority.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. consisting of two or more flights. and certain technical specialists.000 to 1:7. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. Squadron (Air Corps). whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. Skirmishers. dismounted.-A soldier. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. Same. equivalent. Speed. All responsibility rests with the commander. Same.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour.000. Same. Rest camp. usually an expert shot. Sniper. Special staff.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation.-A staff group. in whose name all orders are given. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. No. . as such. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. Ski troops. Same.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1.) Staging area. (or battle) No equivalent. Small-scale maps. and supply services. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate.000. Smoke screen. (A staff officer. Same.-Troops. It includes the heads of the administrative. technical.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. has no authority to command. technical.-The authority exercised by a staff officer.-Soldiers. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy.000. Same.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.

-Formerly. (See Defense area. who has become separated. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear.) Subsector. Straggler. Same.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. Stereo-triplet. Strong point. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions.-A soldier. without authority from his organization. Same. Same. one of the subdivisions of a sector.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. British Standing orders. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Same. Strip mosaic. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. Same. Fire on a line. Stereoscopy. Same. S. or streams.--Usually.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. Standard operating procedure. Stragglerline.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. Supplementary firing position. No equivalent.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. Same. the defensive area of an infantry company.U. . Stragglers' posts.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. or an exposed sector of the front. railroads.-A line.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Same. Stereo-pair. Stereoscope. No equivalent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage.



United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.


Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.


G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5


British War Establishments.



Same. Same.

Same. Special force.


Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.



United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.


Same. Unit transport, echelon.


No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.






United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

) Urgent message. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph. Same. especially for a movement.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. and destruction of tissue. dictated. burns. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. I~Tar Department intelligence. Same.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. Unit of fire.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. . and may be written.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile. grenades. Same. British Replacement semblies. heliograph. pyrotechnics. lamps.War Office intelligence. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage. 1Warning order. . Unit replacement.) Vesicant. "WT'alkie talkie.-Signals conveyed through the eye. which is to follow. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. they include signals transmitted by flags. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man. panels. Visual signals. Urgent call. etc.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. Vertical interval. Same.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. Same. or oral.-(See Contour interval. it may be a message or a field order. bombs. Priority call.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. causing inflam'mation.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like."-Colloquial. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. serviceable unit assembly.

electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. Wide-angle photograph.-An obstacle of barbed wire. . No equivalent.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. Withdrawal from action. company. British Same. 63 Same. Wire entanglement.-The originator of a message. Defence in depth. erected in place on pickets. etc. Cable route. Wire line. Zone of fire. S.). Front (i. Line route.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 .-One of a series of lines of foragers. mechanized vehicles. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. e. Same.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. Same.U. battalion. skirmishers. Same. Writer. Same. Zone of the interior.-One or more wire circuits. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave. Zone defense or defense in depths.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible.. or more conductors. Zone of action.

etc. together with U. if these are lacking. S. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. equivalents or. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e.Section Ill. with definitions.. g. window-winders. door handle.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S.

an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. general Attack. machine guns. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. S.

case. to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown .

Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . sea. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. duty status Operations carried out by land.

e..68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i. .strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage. masked or defiladed) . (See Moving barrage.) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration.

Petrol point.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex. Distributing point Supply point. 6. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte . S. (See Ammunition point.

(line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift .70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S. Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .

with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .

Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander . S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy.

74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline. gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g..

second echelon Repairs. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. third echelon Repairs. in which case it is the Area Engineer. S. first echelon Repairs. base Maintenance. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. second-line Maintenance. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. first-line Maintenance. fourth echelon Repairs.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation .

destructive Shoot.76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. double-ended Spanner. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle .

British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod . to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S.TERMS WITH U.BRITISH. to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.

"B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. tanks. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car . Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer.

EQUIVALENTS. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. to Blitz. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Gong. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 .Section IV. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver.

etc. etc. S. ropey type. ropey evening. to Pack up.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize.) . to Peel off. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. (U.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. to Pleep Plug away. to Prang. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. to Perimeter track Play pussy.

that is. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. lean view.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. dim view. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to . under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. to take down a peg To prepare a job. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. etc. long-distance view. to Touch bottom. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. outside view. flying slowly over an area. to Tee up. poor view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. "ropey" view. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip.

tsar. anaemia. epaulette. alarum. theatre. neutralise. good-bye. fibre." and "y" for "i": enclose. levelling. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. programme. travelling. neutralisation. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. catalogue. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. d. axe. organising. colour. cyder. c. neutralising. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". mediaeval." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. e. syphon. plough. organisation. honour. signaller. endorse. storey (house). pyjama. for example: a. prologue. cheque. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. syren. litre. 83 . harbour. f. grey. Occasional "e" for "i. briar. encyclopaedia.Section V. gramme. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. metre. behaviour. gaol (pronounced "jail"). b. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. (automobile) tyre. labour. barque (boat). and the "our" (final) instead of "or. draught. centre. the "re" (final) instead of "er". serjeant. enquire.



There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British


Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion



b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for




American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.



b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. peanut Peanut spread Tart. . Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d.Y British Monkey-nut. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. suite Geyser e.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room.

motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. patrolman. buffer Motorcar. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. automobile Coal oil. Motoring Battery Bumper Car. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . mud-wing. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. mud-guard Petrol. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. constable. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender.

. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. flicks. bagman Green grocer h. flick Pictures. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. Knave Cinema. here's your party. films Picture palace." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. letters Post a letter Post box." Information "Line's busy!" .

Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. tram trolley) car The Underground. footpath Sidewalk Street railway. School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. tramcar. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. street (or electric or Tramway. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store .DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection.

) n. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. 1942. luggage van Cloak room. 1942. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. then the month.92 m. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. When numerals alone are used to denote months. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. as 21 June. 1942. .

10. 1st (2nd. etc.) Cavalry Brigade. p. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. divisions corps. armies. 199). The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. 2c (3). whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more.) Cav Bde 1 (2.) Corps. 1st Armoured Division. 1st (2nd. artillery. but cavalry (horse and mechanized). 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. a. etc.) Division. 1st (2nd. First (Second. and groups of armies are formations.HEADQUARTERS. 93 . In general. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. etc. p. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). par. GHQ First (Second. and fig. etc. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. etc.Section VI. 2 In addressing a headquarters.. and reconnaissance regiments are also units. etc. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters.) Army 1 (2. 1 STAFF. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. etc. g. 200.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. FORMATIONS.) Infantry Brigade. including addressing messages or correspondence. Army.. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). ABBREVIATIONS 1. etc.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. etc.) Army. 1st (2nd. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. g. etc. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. Brigades. APPOINTMENTS. S.

RASC 1 (2. CCMA. ment. 2. training.) Fd (Med.." "RAI.. etc. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. 1st (2nd. intelligence. etc. RA 1 (2.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. battalions. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. etc. etc. etc. )Divisional Artillery.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. (See notes 5 and 6. etc.) . BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc.) Corps Sigs 1 (2." and "Q" only.. Regi. CCRA.) Corps Signals. 1st (2nd.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field." Units (regiments.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps. and CRA (see par. etc. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA.) Divisional Signals. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second.1 (2. and coordination in general. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section. . etc. etc.) Div RA etc. 1 (2.) Corps MA etc. First (Second.. RA 1 (2.) Corps RA etc.) use the distinguishing letters "O. etc." and "RAQ. and their Staffs.) Corps Artillery.) Divisional Engineers.94 1st (2nd.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade.) Regt RE 1 (2. Air GHQ b. etc. Staff Duties and Training Section." "I. 1st (2nd. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals. p.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. Brigade Majors. etc.) Corps Medium Artillery. below. 1st (2nd. etc. etc. 1st (2nd. etc. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO. MA 1 (2. etc. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers.) Army Sigs 1 (2.) Field (Medium.) Army Signals. . Chief Signal Officers. etc. Signal Officer in Chief. etc. etc).

supervises his medical arrangements. 2nd Echelon. Dental. Chaplains (A). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). Judge Advocate-General (A). It enlists the soldier. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). vehicles. Staff Captain.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. Nursing. pays him. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. looks after his discipline and welfare. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). whether it be clothing. (See note F. Staff Captain. Movement Control.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Personal Assistant. Hygiene. petrol (gasoline). Printing and Stationery (A). Military Secretary. Pathology. Canrteen (Q). ammunition. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. Pay (A). . except when troops are actively engaged in operations. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. weapons. equipment. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. below. and eventually discharges or buries him. Medical and Surgical. Hirings (A). promotes him. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. food. or oil. Camp Commandant. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d.

Transportation (Q). Light Railways. Docks..... First-grade staff officers. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and. captains. in general. third-grade. Survey (G)." "02. Chief Engineer_ Commander.... and not to the branch of the staff. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade .. see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown... Supply (Q). Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. Second-grade staff officers are majors. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. Remounts (Q). Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. . General Staff Officer. Major-General.. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. Railways.Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels.. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). Veterinarv (Q).------General Staff Officer.... Transport (Q)... Inland Water Transport. Works (Q)..96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Royal Artillery -------------Commander. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters...." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters..

ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- . Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General.--------------Brigadier. General Staff ------------BGS .-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.

DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. S. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. National Guard. however. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. In the list that follows. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. which was very similar to the U. the largest being the Territorial Army. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. as in the U. S. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. all of which have been mechanized.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . that. Regular and Territorial.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. b." It should be realized. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. forces. therefore.

10Now one regiment. of which this is the 2nd. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. But when on parade with its guns. that is. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. are a part of the RHA. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. by the Royal Armoured Corps. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). c. In this case. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. .ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). and not to any other regiment. Ist and 2nd. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. 2/4 Hamps. below). two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. now mechanized. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. At the present time. formerly known as The Life Guards.

-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). (See also note 11. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). above. Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 .) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. .100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e.

beginning with The Royal Scots. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). No. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. No. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. the last to be formed. the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). has no number. which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). Each regiment received a number as it was formed. The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. The Rifle Brigade. Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g.

The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex .102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16).

The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). . The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs.. e..'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). the Duke of Albany's) (72). The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). When serving under the Army Act vi. The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . e. they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy.ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45).

...104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number)..-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service......... Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h. General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------. Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___.. Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i..... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ... Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC). Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -......

) Sqn Armd Div Sigs .) Field Artillery Signal Section. RA 17th Medium Battery. etc. 2. 1 (No. 2.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c.) Squadron. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. RA -----------A/E Battery. etc. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. 2. etc. No.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. 1 (No. etc. RA ----------1st Survey Battery.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. etc. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. etc. No. Armoured Divisional Signals. 1 (No. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery.

..) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2. Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------. etc.. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2.106 BRITISH. etc..) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2. etc.) Gen Hosp 1 (2. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col .... Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl .. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----. etc..) Fd Amb 1 (2....--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company..) Lt Fd Hyg Sec ... etc. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f.) CCS 1 (2.. etc. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --..) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.-.. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------.. etc.

Cancel last message. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area)... Bivouac.. Bridge.. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---... Mounted men. etc.. however. All arms (used in conjunction with COL)...) Mob Vet See 1 (2. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron . etc...ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g....-.) Pro Coy 1 (2. 5196336--43 -. The most usual requirements are.. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required. All artillery.. etc.) VES i... Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2. not in action.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h.) Pro Sqn 5. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns.8 . "Bus" (as distinct from MET).Inf Bde Ord Coy . etc..-. Armoured cars.. 1 (2.

Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Column. Track. Civilian or refugee traffic. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Single-engine aircraft. Facing. Engine. etc. Open. CNO Reference point A.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Ranging point. Pontoon bridge. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. Steam not up. Tent. Passenger coaches. freight cars). Siding. Men. Multi-engined aircraft. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Guns now firing. Tank.. (e. etc.. Railway train (complete with engine). Mechanical transport. Goods trucks (i.) Trench. It represents abbre- . Wireless station. g. RFC. River. Horses. Defended post. Horse-drawn transport. Tracked vehicles. No movement seen. RFB. 6. B. C. Digging. Guns in action. but not firing. Warships. e. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. Target moving. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Machine guns. Railhead.

Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Account. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Accountant Branch Officer. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Automatic bomb sight. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Auxiliary Air Force. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural.) or Army. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. or A/C or AC . Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Advanced Air Striking Force. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Auxiliary Air Force General List.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Army Air Support' command vehicle. aircraft defence. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Assistant Beachmaster. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments.

Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). South. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Army Co-operation Command. Army Co-operation Squadron. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Aircraft Carrier Squadron. Administrative Commandant. Acknowledge.) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Assistant-Controller of Labour. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Aircraft carrier. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Back Areas. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Anti-coastal motorboat. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. . Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Air Chief Marshal. of Battle Squadron). Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Activity at (reconnaissance code). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General).110 AC (No. Accommodation. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff.

Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). . Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress).

Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Addressed. Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Air Defence of Great Britain. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office.. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering.112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). . Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Assistant-Director of Labour. Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Intelligence.

Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Advanced Dressing Station. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Remounts. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Survey. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Admiralty (see also Adm). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. .

Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Advanced base. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Assistant-Director of Operational Training.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Adjutant-General's Branch. Army filtration barges. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). . Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Admiralty Fleet Order. Assistant Embarkation Officer. etc. Air Force Medal. Armament. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Air Fighter Development Unit. Economy Cost Branch. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Aeroplane. Aircraft equipment production. engineer and signal scales. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Army Field Workshop. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Aircraft equipment (engines). Advanced guard.). Advance or advanced. Airframe. Air Force Headquarters. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Air Force Liaison Officer. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Armoured fighting vehicle. Artillery Equipment School. Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment.

Aeronautical Inspection Department. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Aircraft Inspection Department. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Airborne troops. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Air Liaison Officer. Air Member for Development and Production. Searchlights. Assault landing craft. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). American Liaison and Munitions. All arms (reconnaissance code). Air Judge Advocate-General. Air Liaison Section. Armaments Division. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Advanced landing ground. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Amatol (see also AM). Assistant King's Harbour Master. . Aircraft interception. Ambulance (see also A). Australian Imperial Force. Air Marshal (see also AM). Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Air Ministry Intelligence. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Altitude. Army Intelliegence Department. Air Base. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Air operation. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Royal Marines. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Apparatus locating flash and sound.

Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Ammonal with charcoal. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Ammunition. Advanced Operational Base. Air Member for Training. Australian Military Force. Army Ordnance Workshop. Angle of sight (see also A/S).116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). . Army Order or Accountant Officer. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Air Observer School. Air Officer Commanding. Army Ordnance Field Park. Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Adviser. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Army and Navy Stores. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Air Mileage Unit. Air Ministry . Air Ministry Order.Experimental Station. Alteration order form. Air Navigation School. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. American Nautical Almanac. Annexure. Operational Research Section. Air Member for Personnel. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Assistant Military Secretary. Amphibian (see also A). Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment.

Army Physical Training Corps. capped with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Air Personnel Department. Army Printing and Stationery Services. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Armour-piercing tracer. Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Armour-piercing (projectile). Aiming point. Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Naval. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Armour-piercing. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Army Plotting Room. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing (projectile). Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant Public Relations Officer. chemical warfare (gas bombs). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Approximately Appendix. Anti-personnel (bomb). high explosive. . Armour-piercing. Air Production. (projectile) capped. capped with ballistic cap. Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Assistant Provost-Marshal.

Air Raid Warden.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Air speed indicator (or indicated). Army Routine Order. Ammunition. sulphide azide. Artisan Works Company. Armoured. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Aeroplane Repair Section. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Angle of sight (see also A of S). Admiralty Signal Establishment. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . styphnate azide or antimony. All artillery. Army Stores Issue Ship. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Armoured car. Artillery reconnaissance. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Ammunition and stores. Airship. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Associate of the Royal Red Cross. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Armament Production (see also Arm P). Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Artillery. Airman or Airmen. Air Stores Park. Ammunition Railhead. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Armament Production Progress. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Armament. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment.

Auxiliary Services Officer.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. All up weight (gross weight). Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Armoured Unit Initial Training. Naval Development and Production. of . Army Troops (see also AT). Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Australia or Australian. Advisory Service on Welding. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). American Technical Liaison Officer. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Air Warfare Analysis Section. Assistant Chief Overseer. Assisted take-off. Army Training Memorandum. Attached. Assistant. Automatic or self-loading. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Air Training Corps. Australian Steam Test M. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Aircraft Storage Unit. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Auxiliary Fire Station. Armoured vehicles. Air Vice-Marshal. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Assistant to Director-General. Army Training Instruction. Research and Development.

Washington. Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. Bdr Bombardier. Anti-zeppelin. Azimuth (see also Z). BAM British Air Ministry.Ballistic cap. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. Bart Baronet. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). BDE Balloon Development Establishment. Bde Brigade. BDO Bombing Development Officer. . BAO Base Accountant Officer. Aircraft Warning Service. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. bdr Bandolier. BAB Blind approach beacon. BASW British Army Staff. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). BB Bombs. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BALCAP or BALL. CAP. BAL Ballistics (see also B). Ayrshire Yeomanry. BAA Brigadier. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BASFUZ Base fuze. BBP Bulk Breaking Point.

Bombing and Gunnery School. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr).ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Bring forward. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Baby incendiary bomb. double ejection. . Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). British Manufacturing and Research Company. Beachmaster (see also BM). . Bivouac (reconnaissance code). British Expeditionary Force. British Nautical Almanac. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer.. Base fuzed incendiary. The Border Regiment. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. Bearing. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Brigadier. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. General Staff. Beyond light repair. ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Balloon Production. Brake horsepower. Battery Observation Post. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). Battalion. Base and nose fuzed. Board of Trade. Battle Headquarters. Blown out. Base Ordnance Depot. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Branch Field Post Office. British Naval Liaison Officer. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Bomb. Base Ordnance Workshop. Base ejection. Boundary (see also bdy). British Height Correction.

British Warrant Officer. Beeswax. Battery Sergeant-Major. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). scissors type. Brigade Routine Order. British Standard Fire. Royal Artillery. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). . British Red Cross Society. Blohm & Voss. Broadside on.. Bridge or bridging or brass.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Base Workshop. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Base Personnel Staff Officer. Buckinghamshire Battalion. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. British thermal unit (see also Btu). Bomb release line. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. Battery . British War Medal. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Base Supply Airfield. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). British Thomson-Houston. Battle Squadron.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Base Supply Depot. British standard weight. Battery. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Base. Brigadier. Brigadier.

Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Counter-Battery Officer. Cambridgeshire Regiment. . Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Research and Experiments. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Catering or catalogue. Calibre. Cartridge(s)." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Command Chaplain. Cavalry. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Calorific value. Commander of Army Group. Canteen(s). The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Chief Adviser. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Royal Artillery. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Class "CC. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Captain. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Central Ammunition Depot.

Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chief of Combined Operations. Contraband Control Service Office. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Commander. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Commander. Command Dental Officer. Commander. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Phosgene. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Casualty Collecting Post. . Chief Superintendent. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Chief Engineer. Coastal Command Development Unit. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Capital finance claim. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Controller of Chemical Research. Chemical Defence Development. Tank Design. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Royal Artillery. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Canadian. Chaplain to the Forces. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Corps Medium Artillery. Chief Flying Instructor. Coast Defence Chain (Station). high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Chemical Defence Research Department. Central Flying School. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Chemical Defence Research. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Casualty Clearing Station.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Chief Chemical Inspector.

Military College of Science. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Inspector of Accidents. Clearance head space. Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chief Instructor. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Chain (Station).ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chain (Station). Corps Routine Order. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Fire Control Instruments. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Chief Inspector. Cheshire Yeomanry. Cast iron. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). . Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chain home beam. Command Headquarters. Commander-in-Chief. Controller-General of Research and Development. Engineers Signal Stores. The Cheshire Regiment. Fire Control. Chief Instructor. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chaplain. Chief Inspector. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Naval Ordnance. Chief Instructor. Controller-General of Economy. Controller-General of Munitions Production. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief of the General Staff (in the field).

Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Common nose fuzed. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Close Support Troop. Centimeter height finding. Close reconnaissance. Closed (reconnaissance code). Column (reconnaissance code). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. George. Combined Operations Development Centre. Column (see also coin). Corrected mean time. . Coastal motorboat. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Central Medical Establishment. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Column (see also col). Corps of Military Police.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Chief of Artillery. Chief Maintenance Officer. Michael and St. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Chief Naval Representative. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Central Interpretation Unit. Captain of the Fleet. Central Ordnance Depot. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Care and Maintenance Party. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Companion of the Order of St. Contracts Liaison Section.

Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Controller of Physical Research. Controller of Projectile Development. Command Post Officer. Coventry Ordnance Works. Composite or component. Commandant (see also Comd). original type. Counter-preparation. Company. Cycles per second. Committee or commission. Cordite. Concentrate or concentration. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Cordite with carbamite.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Corporal. solventless cooler. Cotangent. Cordite. Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Construction. Chief Ordnance Officer. Coordinate or coordinating. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Commanding (see also Comd). Cosecant. Common-pointed capped (projectile). Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Communication(s). Correction. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Cordite. Commander (see also Comd). Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Commodore. . modified.

Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Consultant. Chief Superindendent. Cathode ray tube. Commander. Chilworth smokeless powder. Commander. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Counter-sunk. Royal Army Service Corps. Radiological Inspection. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Calibre radius head. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Commander. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. . Royal Artillery. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Civilian Repair Organisation. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Course setting bomb sight. Projectile Development Establishment. Company Sergeant-Major. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Central Storekeeping Office. Armament Supply. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Royal Engineers. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Corps Routine Order or.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Chief Superintendent. Armaments Design. Chlorsulphonic acid. Chief Superintendent. Chief Resident Technical Officer.

Chief Examining Officer. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Convoy. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Chief Works Office. Chemical Warfare (Service). Corps Troops (see also CT). Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Controller of Tank Development. Communications Valves Committee. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Chemical Warfare Troops. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Continuous wave. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Central Trade Test Board. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Coast Watching Post. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Hundredweight. Communications valves or closed vessel. Debussing (Point). . Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Carton. Dental Branch Officer. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Royal Engineers. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate.

Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Air. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Army Kinema Service. Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Director of Air Materiel. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Deputy Adjutant-General. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Director of Aeroplane Production. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Director of Army Postal Service.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Aeroplane Production Works: .

Distant control boat. Deputy Commander. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Director of Canteen Service. Director of Armament Production. Deputy Controller. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). . DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Dive bomber. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Civil Research and Production. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Director of Armament Supply. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Director of Balloon Production. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Deputy Chief Accountant. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Construction and Regional Service. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Deputy Chief Engineer. General Research and Development.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Director of Armament Development. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Distance control. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Royal Engineers. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Deputy Controller. Director of Bombing Operations. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Design Department Guns. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. . Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection.132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Equipment. Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director-General of Production.

Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Operations Division. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. .

Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of War Organisation. Director of Engine Development and Production. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Director of Flying Training. .134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Weapons. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of Public Relations. Decontamination. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Signals. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Defence electric light.





Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.



District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI


Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Depot. Diphenylamine. Director of Remounts. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). 10 . Despatch Rider Letter Service. Director of Pre-Entry Training. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Director of Personal Services. Director of Quartering. Director of Works. Double parachute link. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Canadian and American. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Director of Pathology. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Public Relations. Director of Purchases (or Production). Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Distant-reading compass (German). Director of Press Division. Director of Postal Services. Deputy Director of Staff Duties.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Directional radio.

DWAAF .140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). Duty steamboat. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Director of Radio Production. Director of Tank Production. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. Director of Survey. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. Director of Transportation. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Director of Road Research Laboratory. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DSR Director of Scientific Research. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). Director of Technical Training. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). Director of Torpedoes and Mining. DSO Distinguished Service Order. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). D Sal Director of Salvage. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. Director of Railways. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DST Director of Supplies and Transport. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order.

Elementary Flying Training School. Equivalent full charges. Electrical Engineer. External Ballistics Department. Electric light. Equipment Branch Officer. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. . Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Engineer-in-Chief. Exchequer and Audit Department. Enemy aircraft. e. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Dropping zone (paratroops). Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Extended Defence Commander. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Equivalent constant wind.. The East Lancashire Regiment. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Echelon (see also E). Equivalent full rounds. for Gallantry). Equipment Depot. Extended Defence Officer. Explosive incendiary bomb. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Director of Warlike Stores. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Enemy bomber. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Experimental Demolition Establishment. Director of Explosives. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Emergency Ammunition Depot. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Director of Weapons Production. Experimental Bridging Establishment.

Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Electric and Percussion. Emergency Transport Pool. East Riding Yeomanry. Electric Light Observation Post. Extra-mural.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Engineer Stores. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. . Ministry of Aircraft Production. Employment. Engine Room Assistant. Entertainments National Services Association. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Equipment. Embarkation Medical Officer. Electric Light Officer. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Engine Repair Section. Equipment Officer. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. The Essex Regiment. Elevation/range. Establish or establishment. Emergency Powers Committee. Engineer Vice-Admiral. Engine Production or engine propellants. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department.

Fire Control. Facing (reconnaissance code). Fire Control Plotting Board. Field artillery tractor. Fleet Accountant Officer. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Fleet Aviation Officer. Field Battery. Free aerial mine. Fire Control School. Field Hygiene Section. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Forced landing. Field Ambulance. Forward Air Support Link. Field Bakery. Fleet Dental Officer. Field Brigade. Field. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Field Squadron. Fighter Development Unit. Field imprisonment. Fleet Engineer Officer. Field Company. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament).ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Forward area sight. Fleet Adviser on Education. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Fleet Construction Officer. Fire direction table. Farrier. Field Ammunition Dump. . Fighter dive-bomber. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment.



BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.


FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.


FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).


Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..


ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC


Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

armour-piercing incendiary tracer. Haversine. High explosive. 13th/18th Hussars. Hexachloroethane (smoke). Glider Training School. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. Heinkel. Hallamshire Battalion. 14th/20th Hussars. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. armour-piercing. High angle upper deck. York and Lancashire Regiment. Heavy anti-aircraft. General Staff Officer. or mark). Greenwich sidereal time.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. Grade 3 (see also G3). High current density. Horse. Training. General Staff Officer. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. General Staff. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Heavy bomber. label. The Hampshire Regiment.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. Head. The Honourable Artillery Company. High-altitude bombing. General Staff Officer. Grade 1 (see also Gi). Grade 2 (see also G2). General Staff Officer. High explosive. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). Gross weight or Government property (stamp. High angle. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. Hussars or hygiene or height. Head and breast (telephone set). Geographical Section. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. .

High frequency oscillator. His Majesty's Canadian Ship. High explosive time fuze. Hexagon. Heavy Glider Training Unit. Hospital. His Majesty's Australian Ship. Hertfordshire Regiment. His Majesty's South African Ship. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. Head of the Research Department. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Highest possible score. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). His Majesty's Indian Ship. Hotchkiss (ammunition). High explosive graze fuze with delay. Height observed (observed altitude). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. High frequency (in combination). Howitzer. High explosive tracer. Horses (reconnaissance code). The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). Mustard gas and lewisite. His (Her) Imperial Highness. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. . High frequency radio telephone. High explosive substitute (or shell). High explosive incendiary tracer. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. High frequency detector. Hirings. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). Herefordshire Regiment. High explosive graze fuze.

Hard strength brass (or bronze). hr His (Her) Royal Highness. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. . Base Area. Army. inspection aircraft. High terminal velocity. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. HSB High speed launch. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. S. HRS Haenschel. HSL Viscous mustard gas. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). HQ HQASFETO. Medium Artillery. European Theater of Operations. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. S. HQMA HQSOSETO. HQBA Headquarters. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). Headquarters. Infantry (tank). HTV High velocity. USA Headquarters. IARO Indicated air speed. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). European Theater of Operations. Army (now HQASFETO. USA). HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. Headquarters. Army Service Forces. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. USA Headquarters.150 BRITISH. HQETO. S. U. U. European Theater of Operations. Headquarters. USA Army. U. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. "I" Intelligence Officer. Services of Supply. HV Heavy. Royal Artillery. HQRA Hour.

Indian Hospital Corps. . United Kingdom. Instructor of Fire Control. Inspector-General. India or Indian. Inspection Marine Craft. Inspection Materials. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Indian Army (see also IA). Indicator Loop Station. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Inspection Instruments. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Inch. Inspection. Information or informed. Imprisonment with hard labour. Infantry. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Coast Artillery. Identification friend or foe. Igniter's safety fuze. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Imperial Defence College. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Imperial Chemical Industries. Indian Medical Service. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Incendiary. Indicating Net Defence. Maintenance.

Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Initial Training Wing.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Initial Training School. Intelligence (see also I). Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Inter Service Information Series. Irish Republican Army. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Intelligence Officer. Inspector. Staff (Operations). Instruction for Practice Seawards. India rubber vulcanized. type A. Royal Engineers. Inspection Stores Engineering. Instantaneous. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Joint Intelligence Staff. Instructions to proceed. Inland Water Transport. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Intelligence Officer. Inspection Stores Works. Inspector. Installations. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Joint Intelligence Committee. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. . Instrument Production. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Inspection note. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Isle of Wight. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Judge Advocate-General. Royal Artillery. Instructor (see also Instr). Joint Airworthiness Committee.

The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). Ethyliodoacetate. Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Thistle. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Light anti-aircraft. Light automatic or lead azide. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Patrick. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. King's Norton Solution. King's Regulations. 16th/5th Lancers. Michael and St. Junkers. Kite Balloon Section. Knight Commander of the Order of St. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Pound (monetary unit). Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). Legal Branch Officer. Kensington Regiment. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). George. 17th/21st Lancers. Knight. Junction. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. . Kilocycles. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Knight of St. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Light Aid Detachment. King's Harbour Master.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps.

Landing craft support (small). Landing craft personnel (ramped). Land Defence Force. Landing craft barge (dumb). Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Latitude (see also L). Lift and force (pump). Pound. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). navigational. Leicestershire Yeomanry. Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). . Low frequency. breech mechanism. Lever. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Lance-Corporal. Landing craft tanks. Local apparent time.154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft flak. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Landing. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft infantry (large). Landing craft support (large). Landing craft personnel (small). Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Landing craft flak (barge). Pounds per horsepower hour. Landing craft personnel (large). Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft assault. Leader. Labour or light bomber. Landing craft personnel (medium). Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft support (medium). Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft. Landing craft barge (mechanised).

LS Landing ship dock. LH Local hour angle. Loyals Low power or local purchases. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. LPS Light railway(s). Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LHA Local hour angle (east). LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LGA Limbered general service wagon. Light machine gun. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). Lothians Lovat Scouts. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). Lovat Liquid oxygen. LHA(E) Library.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. LP Lord Privy Seal. LMT Longitude (see also Long). LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. LR London Rifle Brigade. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt).) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). Long The Lothian and Border Horse. LMG Local mean time. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LRB Long Range Desert Group. Logarithm. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LSD Landing ship (gantry). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LO Left out of battle. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer.

Landing ship (stern). Low water ordinary spring tide. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Lieutenant-Colonel. Lieutenant-General. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Low temperature treatment. Low temperature annealing. Landing Zone. Local Technical Committee. Supply Service. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Link Training Instructor School. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Landing ship (personnel). Light. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Master-at-arms. Low tension (voltage). Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Long wave. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. . Military Air Defence System.156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Landing ship infantry (medium).. Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Landing ship infantry (small). Motor Ambulance Convoy. (See LSgt). Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Landing ship infantry (large). Low velocity. Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Medical Branch Officer. Light warning (portable). Light warning (vehicle). Left Section. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Magazine or magnetic.

Ministry of Aircraft Production. Major-General (see also MG). MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code).ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. Middle East or military engineering. Manning Depot. MD MDG Medical Director-General. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Motorcycle machine gun. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. Motor anti-submarine boat. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. Mech Med Medium or medical. Megacycles. md Mean difference. Manager of Engineering Department. Member of the Order of the British Empire. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. The Manchester Regiment. Major. MCS Mine Control Station. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. Mine Depot or message-dropping. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Met or MET . (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. MCH Maximum ceiling height. Medical Advance Station. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. Motorcycle.

Ministry of Economic Warfare. Mobile Veterinary Section. General Staff. Military Foreman of Works. model). e. Military Intelligence Officer. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Royal Artillery. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Military Foot Police. Major-General in charge of Administration. Military Mounted Police. Major-General. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Mine laying aircraft. Military. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Medium frequency. Minute.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Major-General. Mobile or mobilisation. Master of the Fleet. Mark (i. Military Intelligence Service.. Method of filling. Military Forwarding Officer. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Mineral jelly. Major-General. Motor gunboat. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Manual of Field Engineering. Ministry of Home Security. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military Field Photographic Section. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. . Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Medium machine gun. Miles in the hour (speed).

Two-man torpedo boat. Mean sea level.159 Ministry of Supply. and bolts. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. MTSD MU my or MV . The Monmouthshire Regiment. Main Supply Depot. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Mean' point of burst. Mounted. Metres per second. Muzzle velocity. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Military Training Pamphlet. Machineable quality. Mine-Sweeping Group. Military Provost Staff Corps. Motor torpedo boat. Miles per gallon. Medical Receiving Station. Message picking up. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Military Personnel Research Committee. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Mounting. Maintenance Unit.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . screws. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Mortar. Nuts. Medical Officer of the Guard. Meritorious Service Medal. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Motor or motorized. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Miles per hour. Material Production Liaison Officer. Mountain. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. . Medical Technical Orders. Mean point of impact' or master parts index.

Naval Control Service Officer. Navigation Instruction Officer. Natural Navigation. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Not fair hit.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Non-delay. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Naval Control Service Instructions. Minor War Signal Station. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. NFP Night-fighter plotting. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Navy. Nitrocellulose tubular. Northeast. etc. Naval Air Division (or Directorate).) Sea Lord. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Non-Comissioned Officer. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Non-Combatant Corps. Nitrocellulose. Naval Equipment Depot. Naval Aid to (1st. National Defence Research Committee. Army and Air Force Institutes. . Nursing Auxiliary Service. Netherlands East Indies. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. No break (contact). Non-auto frettaged. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Newfoundland. Non-ferrous metals.

North Somerset Yeomanry. . Naval Officer-in-Charge. contrary to regulations). Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Nitroglycerine. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. National Rifle Association. Naval Ordnance Department. Naval Liaison Officer. Nose instantaneous rod. Northwest. Naval Land Equipment. Not in vocabulary (stores. Nautical miles. Nobel rim neonite. North Irish Horse. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Number. Normal temperature pressure. particularly clothing. Naval Exchange. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Naval Transport Officer. Flashless propellant. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Naval Law Branch. No sound back. Not recorded. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Night reconnaissance. Night trace flame trace. Not known. New Zealand.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Nose instantaneous. Not timed or night tracer. The Northamptonshire Regiment. No movement seen (reconnaissance code).

Oblique photographs. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Open (reconnaissance code).162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Officer-in-charge. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer Commanding. Royal Marines. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Officer (see also 0). Officer Keeper. Officer Commanding. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Officer of the Watch. Observation. Officer of the Guard or ogival. On His Majesty's Service. . Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Operation or operating or operator. Ordnance Field Park. Officer of the Day. Officer Commanding. Observation post. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Officer Commanding. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Officer Cadet Training Unit. Divisional Signals. Out of service. Ordnance Board. Operations (see also Ops). Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Royal Army Service Corps. Observer Officer (see also 00). Ordnance Depot. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Overseas Liaison (Officer).

ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Parachute troops. . Operational Research Section. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Operational Training Unit. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Pathology. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Plastic Armour Officer. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Parachute and cable. Official use. Passive air defence. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Oxford. e. Operational Photographic Unit. Observed velocity (i. Organise or Organisation. muzzle velocity).. at 0 feet. Paragraph or parachute. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Parliamentary Secretary. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Over water (proof of projectiles). Over water for recovery (to be fired). Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Officers' Training Corps. Ordnance. Other Ranks Training Unit. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group.

Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Partial detonation or projectile development. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Park. Pigeon. Production Engine Accessories. Port Detachment. Production Development Executive. Petrol (gasoline). Projector. Principal Establishment Officer. Telephone (see also tel). 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Photograph or photographic or photography. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Pounder (see also por and PR). Period delay mechanism. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Photographic Officer. Phosphorus. Public House (Inn). Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Production. Production Development Station. Physical. Infantry Anti-Tank. Provisional condemning (limit). Proof and Experimental Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Canadian and American. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Postogram. Pental erythritoltetranitrate.

and lubricants. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Phonogram. Paymaster-in-Chief. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Petrol Point or picric powder. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Principal Medical Officer. Pioneer. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Principal Military Landing Officer. Principal Private Secretary. Publications Liaison Officer. . Regimental Institutes. President. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Port of London Authority. Position. Principal Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Petrol Railhead. Merchant Marine. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Plain language. Position line. oil. Provost.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Powder metal-lined (case). Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Post Office. Pilot Officer. Paymaster. Press and Publicity Officer. Petrol (gasoline). Public Relations Branch. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer.

white. Prisoner(s) of War. Military Staff College. Paravane. Physical Training Officer. Housing signal. Postogram. Post War Signals Station. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Pay. Graduate. Quadrant elevation. Printing and Stationery Service. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Police War Reserve. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Pick-up truck. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Proprietory. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Point. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Physical Training. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Graduate. Publication. Quick firing or decoy fire. Porton. Please turn (page) over. Paper.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. fine. Pyrotechnics. . Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Private. Principal Sea Transport Officer.

Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Australian Navy. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Quarter-Master-General.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Queen Victoria Rifles. Supplies. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Regimental Aid Post. Royal Air Force. Royal Artillery Survey. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Range and direction as deflected. Royal Army Pay Corps. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Army Ordnance Services. Queen's Westminsters. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Royal Army Medical Corps. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Radio acoustic. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Regulations. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Royal Australian Air Force. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Range and accuracy. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Royal Artillery School of Survey. Light decoy.

Research Development Armaments. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Research Development Communications. Road or round (of ammunition). Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Royal Canadian Navy. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. picrate 55. Research Development Marine Craft. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Radio counter measures. Regional Development Officer. Road junction. Research Development Instruments. . Royal Cartridge Department. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Photographic Equipment. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Repair Depot. Research Development Engines.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Research Development (Naval). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. NC 21. carbamite 3. Relief Driver Increment. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Royal Canadian Air Force. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. Research Development Aircraft. Remote Control Office.

Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). etc. C. Regulating or regulation. etc. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Royal Field Artillery. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Reconnaissance float plane. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Retired. Reference. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Research Development Technical Investigation. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Royal Filling Factory. Recruiting Centre. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Representative. Rifleman. Regiment or regimental. Reference Point A (B. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). River Emergency Service. Registry. Range.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Royal Gun Factory. Royal Garrison Artillery. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). . C. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Recovery. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Reinforcement (see also rein).) (reconnaissance code). Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Reserve.

Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Royal Naval Division. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Royal Naval Barracks. Rendering mines safe. Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Indian Navy. Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Navy. signal. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). green. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Raw Materials Depot. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Royal Military College. Russian Liaison Group. Reserve of Officers. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Rockets. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Royal Naval Officer. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. River (reconnaissance code). Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Regimental Headquarters. Royal Naval Reserve. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Royal Indian Army. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Royal Observer Corps. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Railway Operating Division (RE). . Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Render inert mechanism. Railway (see also Ry). Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police.

Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment).ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Returned Stores Depot. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Royal Tank Corps. Royal Small Arms Factory. Radio Production (Supplies). (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Radio Production (Technical). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). The Royal Ulster Rifles. Range table muzzle velocity. Research Technical Publications. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Rounds per gun. Research Report. Royal Scots Fusiliers. Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Regimental Starting Point. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Regimental Survey Officer. Royal Corps of Signals. Radio Research Board. Rendezvous. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. . Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Right Honourable. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Range table. Radio Production (American). Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Repeated. Regimental Sergeant-Major. The Royal Sussex Regiment.

South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Squadron Artillery Officer. Shipping advice and delivery note. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Salvage. Railway Telegraph. Small Arms School. Single-axle drive. Senior British Naval Officer. Small box-girder (bridge). Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Small bomb container. Small Arms School Corps. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). capped. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Society of Automotive Engineers.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). Short aerial mine. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Small arms rifle grenade. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). South African Engineer Corps. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. South African Air Force. South African Irish Rifles. Shilling (monetary unit). Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Standard ballistic limit.

Security Officer.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Sector Control Officer (RAF). . Signal Equipment Design. approximate composition: NG 41. Signal Distributing Officer. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Single-engine fighter. Signals. Section (see also X). Royal Artillery. Special despatch rider. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Smoke Curtain Installation. The Duke of Albany's). NC 50. Second-in-command. Self-destroying tracer. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Staff Duties. Second or security. Staff Duties and Training Section. Staff Captain. Propellant name. Superintending Civil Engineer. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Corps Medium Artillery. Siding (reconnaissance code). Stores Depot. Supply Dropping Point. Slow-burning explosive. carbamite 9. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Sub-Contracting Production. Scottish Horse.

Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Sine. Searchlight Directing Station. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Shropshire Yeomanry.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Sulphurless fine grain. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Shrapnel. Signals or Communications Officer. Signals. is frequently used. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Steam gunboat. Situation Report. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Secret Intelligence Service. Sergeant. Signal. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). but the spelling "sergeant. Signalman. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Sheet.- ." which is official in the Royal Air Force. Searchlight emplacement. Service Flying Training School. (See Sgt. Senior Gas Adviser. Senior Intelligence Officer. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Signal Officer. Special issue. Searchlight Commander.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade).

Staff Officer (Liaison). Secretary of State or School of Survey. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. . Senior Organisation Officer. Scientific Liaison Officer. Secretary. Sound locator.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Senior Military Adviser. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Superintendent of Experiments. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Searchlight laying. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Signal Operations Instructions.' Selected Military) Officer. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Testing device for RAF recruits. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Physical Training. Staff Officer. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Superintendent of Mine Design. Organisation and Methods Division. Supply Landing Point. School of Aeronautical Engineering. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Submarine (see also Sub). Senior Medical (e. School of Military Engineering. Senior Naval Officer Landing. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). School of Artillery.

Signalling projector. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Sapper (engineer).176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Supply Refilling Point. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Ship-born. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Stocks and Storage. Staff Officer. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Special Duties Officer. Senior Officer. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. . Royal Engineers. Single-seater fighter. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Royal Marines. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Support. Squadron Officer. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Royal Artillery. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Sector Searchlight Commander. Senior Officers' School. Staff Sergeant. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Single shot. Squadron. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Squadron Sergeant-Major.

. The South Wales Borderers. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Slightly unsteady. Submarine (see also S/M). Seater. Statistics and Planning. Supply Officer. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Standard time. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Super-sonic telegraphy. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). Supply Depot. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Strategical reconnaissance. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. The Suffolk Regiment. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Stereoscope or stereoscopic.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. The East Surrey Regiment. Standard wire gauge. Small Vessels Pool. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Supply. Supply Point. Survey (see also SV). The South Staffordshire Regiment. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Station. Switchboard. Sepoy. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle.

The Adjutant-General. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tank Delivery Squadron. Technical Detachment. Tank Committee Liaison. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. A. Tentacle. Tail delay 2 seconds. Twin-engine bomber. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Test and Development Establishment. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. U. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Tactical reconnaissance. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . True air speed. Thames Ammunition Works. Tank Delivery Regiment. Tactical Control Officer. Territorial Army Allowances. Technical or technician. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Traffic Control Post. Tangent. Tank Board. Text-Book of Gunnery. Track (reconnaissance code). Tank Design Liaison. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Engineer Officer. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Administrative training. Twin-engine fighter. Trench (reconnaissance code). Tennessee Eastman Corporation. S. Torpedo Development Unit. Armament Officer. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Technical Division Memorandum Report.

Tail instantaneous. Technical Maintenance Officer. Teleprinter (U. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank).ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Time of receipt. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Time of despatch. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Troop or Transport. Town gas main. Training Manual. Threads. Transportation (see also tpt). Target moving (reconnaissance code). Tank (see also Tnk). Telephone exchange. Time handed in. Tail instantaneous. Tank Production Armour (code). Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Thompson machine carbine. sensitive. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Time of flight. Trailer. TNT beeswax. Time fuze. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Temperate land scheme. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Target. Tactical exercise without troops. Torpedo and mine. Time of burning. Telescope identification. Tank (see also Tk). . teletype). Telegraph or telegraphic. S. Tests of elementary training. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. Time of origin.

small arm. Twin-seater fighter. freight cars) (reconnaissance code).. . Terminal velocity. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Torpex. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Training. Signal Officer. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Two-speed destroyer sweep. Trumpeter or transporter. Universal call (switchboard). (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Tube. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. United Kingdom. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. Underwater electrode potential. Unexploded Bomb Committee. Goods trucks (i. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code).180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). e. Their Royal Highnesses. Tank War Office Liaison. Unit Equipment Table. Temperate sea scheme. Troops. Trooper. percussion. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Transported. Union Defence Force. Tank Supply Liaison.

Vickers diamond hardness. Veterinary Evacuating Station. Unit Landing Officer.. oral). Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). e. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Vickers-Bertheir. Unexploded bomb. Very low frequency. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Very mild explosion. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Veterinary (see also V). Variable elevation beam. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Unserviceable (see also U).. e. Vulcanized in rubber. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Vice-Admiral Commanding. . Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Visual indicating equipment. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Very high frequency. Verbal (i. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Victoria Cross. Message of which no record is kept. Vertical interval. United States or unsteady start. given either written or verbally (i. Volume moisture. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Vehicle. Valves for Oliphant. orally) to signaller.

With effect from. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Wing. Vent. Velocity/pressure. Investigation Section.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Volunteer Reserve. War Department. Vulnerable point or vent. Wing Artillery Officer. Warships (reconnaissance code). War Establishment Table(s). Vertical photograph (or photography). Watch correction or water closet. sealing. or percussion (tube). NC 65. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Week ending. electric. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Visual telegraphy. Velocity of adjustment. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Woolwich adjusted charge. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Warwickshire Yeomanry. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. War Establishment Committee. Veterinary Officer. Warning telephone. Wing Officer. Visual signalling. Wing Commander. The Welch Regiment. War Establishment(s). percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. Wireless electrical mechanic. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Western Approaches Tactical Unit.

War Intelligence Committee. Propellants and charges. Warrant Officer. Class 1 (2). War Office or Warrant Officer. carbamite 2). Withdrawn and replaced. Cross road(s).000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). Expanded metal. 1. Weapon training. g. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). War Registry. Yorkshire Hussars.. . The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). The York and Lancaster Regiment. Yard(s) (e. Signifies experimental failure. Yorkshire Dragoons. Works. e.. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. The Worcestershire Regiment. M/Je. Women's Land Army. NC 65. Wagon Line Officer. Women's Voluntary Service. Yard. Walking Wounded Collecting Post.ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Wireless School. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. 9g. White phosphorus. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Women's Royal Naval Service. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Extended Defence Officer. Workshop. Explosive(s) or section(s). Wireless Operator Unit. Warships Production Superintendent.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code).

Wireless Interception Service. Zone watch. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ).184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Zone position indicator. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). . Lead azide and CE. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle.

at the end. at the end. Anywhere . At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. however. at the end of an abbreviation. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School.ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. usually indicated by s. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. usually means Officer or Order. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. which is. often means development or design or defence or Department. may indicate a plural form. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . at the end. factories. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air.


" b." (3) "Security. discussions on new types of weapons. 187 -. (5) "Not to be published.Appendix A." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. etc. Other matters. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category. such as code words." (2) "Secret. ciphers. etc. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- ... Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. or forecasts of manpower. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret. (5) (6) War sider I U.13 S. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. Tables of Organization. CATEGORIES a.

location lists. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer..188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. (2) Ciphers. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. whenever possible. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. etc. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. For example. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. . and orders of battle. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. d. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. e. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes.

. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. ---... (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda.. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. 3.... the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces. S.. S. ------.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally.."-" "Secret" ... All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification." Confidential" …l.. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U. military training pamphlets. 2.. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded..... and other documents of a military nature.. BRITISH AND U. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line.. ..-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- . Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification..

¼inch to I mile -.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3. S.-.-.000 ---------------.000.000.. 1. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U... The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U. Actually U. medium-1:62...000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.Large.440 .. Standard . . 3.720. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.000 -----------------Large..Appendix B.--------------.-----. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales.. Within the British Isles.000 and 1:100. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.i: 1-.. when it was superseded by the Modified British System. S. intermediate-1:125.500.--------------Intermediate. Large ---------.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----..600 . I inch to I mile .. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25.Small. S. maps. Small ---------.Small.360 -----I------------Medium.-.1: 633. S. maps and are designated by representative fractions.. 1: 253. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927... Large ---------1: 40.----------. 2. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500....000 and 1:250. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile . Small ------------1: 126. .63. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary. 190 . maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.. 1: 20. MAPS 1..--..

the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. (2) Use. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. . Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. P. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. L." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. b. Every tenth line is thickened.APPENDIX B 191 scales. S. thus making large squares identical in size. east and west. this being called "ceasting. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. British System (1) Description.000 map series of Great Britain. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. Q7506. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. and R. Q. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. U. military grid maps. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. M. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U.

--Inthe British System the whole system of reference.) c. each of which is designated by a letter. is repeated every 50 kilometers. 0 30 Figure 5.': omitting the letter "I" (fig. 6). (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. Modified British System (1) General. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . The easterly coordinate is always given first. These squares are again subdivided. 5). The Modified British System obviates this difficulty.192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. . each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. Thus the point P. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. in the large lettered squares. in the small square 21.-British System grid.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. (2) Description. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z.

' W X " ! Figure 6.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened. and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.\ .___ °.Z .APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.. JV :. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares. L M NW ____ .ia. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map..-Grid lettering. Modified British System. . every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square.{--{wa'r I T . every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered.

1 inch to 10 miles moap. 5 I Figure 7. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . (4) Y inch to I mile map. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. The number denotes the distance. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. 0--f 0 .-Modified British System grid.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. it may be described as the point of reference. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. without unduly obscuring the detail.3 units east and 3.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. It lies in square vH. in 10-kilometer units. and its reference is therefore vH 6335.5 units north of the point of reference. but owing to the larger scale it is possible.

APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8.-Modified Figure British System grid. . since there is no possibility of duplication. inch to mile mp. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.-Modified British System grid. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. namely. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies. 4 inch to I mile map. Figure 8. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps.-On maps of these scales. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. (v)H 6335. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid.

Figure 9. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. and to every tenth number is added. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. to the (false) . The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. 59 270 O 69 6867 . the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L .-Modified British System grid. 1 inch to I mile map.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. in smaller print. on any grid line denotes. this time in kilometer units.

the point Q is 53. Thus.5 units north of the point :of reference. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference. in figure 9. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer. but this is not normally necessary.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system. Its reference is therefore 533675.3 units east and 67. .

G. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . O for Orange. R. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. W. P. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. W for William. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. B. T. D. Q. U. the word itself is first spoken. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. Procedure" (January 20. 1942. S. Z. N. E. followed by the phonetic spelling. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. for example. 198 . C. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U." b.Appendix C. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. X.1 2.) See also FM 24-10. M. H.-British radio procedures. O." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. "Two: T for Toc. F. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. Y. K. I. V. L. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). 1943). J.

2.1 _ _ _1 DUG. . I ._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. _"Sei-en" ---.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___. W= ) . 8.Eight FORM -------.O. Z44101. 1._W 1 PG.0iSi Figure 10. MESSAGE AND RU . n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. For instance.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T.--"Six" Five .Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. I10NS OUT . the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too.." etc. S.)t.4 ___I___1 l. 199 of numbers is similar to U.-British message blank (reduced from original size)._ _... 7. . 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun".Six _"Ate" ---. Ioigure .- . I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. 5. 3.H.APPENDIX C . 33. 9.Owe "Wun" ____ -_.Two ---"Foer" _. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-. :usage except for-numbers such as 11. 22._ ----.R.. 4. --. etc. 6. .One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--.

Wun Six . Niner. Owe.. Owe ." c. Wun .-. cipher. 1. or code.. Sev-en --. .200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . O-w-e. Six.. Owe . or "stop. Fife Niner. VI. .. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. December 7 is written 7).. It may consist of plain language.." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. to which reference is being made. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. Foer . (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message.. g. if any. . Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e.. 93). Too.. . Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box.. Six.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too.. Wun. A period.. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. par. . Ate -.. Wun. p.

(T.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. or may be sent as a phonogram. d. if any. _-----. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. Any other instiuction.-There are several procedures in use.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. showing in detail which officers may use each priority. In the case of a phonogram. and local time). (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. Immddiate for messages of special importance. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. such as "To await arrival. Signal officers may use this priority. I. ." may be put in this space. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. is given. For routine messages. are issued by the General Staff. (a) "Written message" procedure. 2 Priority lists. O. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. _ By any officer. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures. No indication------For messages of minor importance. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. By commanders and senior staff officers. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. "Ack" is written at the end of the text.= time of receipt.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. H.= time handed in. R.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. T. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority.

This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message. (d) "G" method. no answers being given. This method is used when the receiver must not.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. e. or cannot. (2) Methods of transmission.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. strength 9. (e) "DC" method.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. This is used for quick questions and answers. strength 6. "very strong." . Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable". "fair".-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. reply. strength 7. "good". (c) "F" method. (b) "SR" (send replies) method.-The message is sent straight through.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.

399 (December 9. S.. or a kick) -----------12 cents. now exchanges for about $4.) ("thrup'nce. 6 cents. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. currency. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s.) ---------------------------------2 cents.. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2.) ("sixp'nce". a stever) --------------. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. a stever)__ 6 cents. S.. meaning 2 pounds. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent." or "thrup'ny bit". . or half a crack) -----------------62 cents. Silver coins: Threepence (3d.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. Penny (ld.. Florin-2 shillings (2s.. CURRENCY a.. Threepence (rare) (3d. Prices are usually written in pounds. 203 . I The official rate authorized between the U. S.. and d. and 6 pence. and pence. CONVERSION TABLES 1. General The pound sterling. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. 6d. See WD Circular No. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s.00. a tanner.50 cents....00 in U.50. £5 and up.. Sixpence (6d. 5/-) ----------------------$1. Halfpenny (¼2d.. British U..." or "thrup'ny bit".00.. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom.035 per British pound ster4ing.. abbreviated £. 2/6) (two and six. Shilling-12 pence (Is. shilling. however. 1 shilling. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. Larger denominations of pound notes. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s.. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4.. s..' The table of equivalents given below.Appendix D.) ("thrup'nce. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. 1942).

000.000. or 20 short cwt.240 pounds.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts). 1 billion (1. 1 shilling.03 pecks.2 liquid quarts.. such as a guinea.240 pounds.032 dry quarts.000.000. 1. jewelry. which is equal to 1 pound.. when an article sells for a guinea.. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2...1 mile.000)__ 1 billion. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny").000. 1 hundredweight (cwt.000.000) -------------_ 1 trillion. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. whereas the U... the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound. 1. a 1 ton.--------weigh 175 pounds.. 2..204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. I imperial peck 1.______ 2.) -----------. _ . whereas the U. etc. Thus.000.0. I imperial gallon _---------. .000. orthousandmillions (1.000.000)___ 1 quadrillion.. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. .7. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. i shilling.000.. long -------------112 pounds..).... Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. 1 milliard.. ton (short ton... S. precious stones..") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds)....000) ----1 quintillion.000. automobiles. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" . hundredweight (short hundredweight..3 1 statute mile -----------------------. 1 trillion (1..000. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. 11. or cental) is 100 pounds.000 pounds. I thousand billions (1. are usually priced in guineas.000. Differences The following differences between British and U.) is 2.. below): British United Slates J.000.. Expensive articles such as furniture. long (20 long cwt.bushels. S. S.. _ . I imperial bushel -------------------1. .

but such a ratio is incorrect.5. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. all of which are similar. S.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. which is normally used in the United States. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second)." horsepower. . The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula.APPENDIX D 205 b. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3.4D 2 N. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals .1416. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. as in the United States. The brake horsepower formula.7. However. For example. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. Horsepower In Great Britain. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. 2 3 3 . In some tables of equivalents. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15.

240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. . (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. Gasoline. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. and Water4 (1) Formulas. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. Oil.

0079 e. 21 600 of a great circle of the earth. 470 10 18. 240 . 080 150.584 .3946 .2 meters). 000 316. 667 1 10. and is called the Admiralty mile. 1 M. 1.4 2 .5 5261 6667 .1 . 000 78.3168 . 000 . .APPEINDIX P 207 d. 735 5 6. 046 63.014 . 344 4 .2112 .000 20. 10. 223 1 1. 2M.7891 42.1056 6.1578 5. 168 . 000 80. 4 2. 5 1.20 feet (1. 500 . 23 1.4 .0333 . 000 75. 280.1578 .853.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. S. 000 190. 94 -20 40 56.2 .7891 . 600 500. 029.6336 -.093.3. 13 47.7600 . nautical. 120 . 4 M. 267 1. 313 6 667 7. 855.0158 . 000 4. 37 36 12 7.971 1. 750.3946 21. 000 .3 1. 440 250.6093 8 1 4.1333 . 500 .157 15.5069 . 840 .1267 . 560 .853. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. 0936 3. 012 183 100 91.5 1.0667 1 . 760 5.4224 .01 126. 8554 9.12 2.6336 1. 6 3.15155 statute miles. 4 .2367 12.735 4 3.080 feet (1.05 .. 1529 1.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.25 . British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.25 1 8 . 5 3. 000 400.1267 . 2 220 660 I 11 20. 263 1. 891 9. 34 . 720 125.44 30.000 100 B4t 9 4.829 2 6 1 1. several different values are in use.67 15.112 3 2. 35 31.2534 . 25. 946 4 4.5 2 1.25 3 .625 1. 78 11.3333 . 2 80 880 1.0422 . 8 16 110 201.0395 1.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1. 367 2 1.0833 .157 3 2. s2 109 200 .02 . 537 160. 360 1 62. 336 1 4 3.0127 . 1.4. 336 . 280 49.72 .025 . 1. 800 300.0158 500 . 000 . 2.1 M. 71 546. 1 6. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere. 117 2. Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.8 1 1. or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 1.5 1.9864 50.6 2.0845 .0211 .5 30.920 792 72 39.224 .901 1.000 .367 2. 000 .027. 000 126.792 . 891 6. 087.014.2112 3.84 10 7.578 1.3333 20.2. 000 633.15: 5 . 370 7.168 3 2:534 2.2534 2.6 . 91 63. 333 3. 000 .000 . 2.85325 kilometers).3168 2. 515 1 73.184 .248 meters. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.0789 2. 000 253.8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 313 5 4. 000 200.6667 40.2 25 . 3 M.25 15. .973 1.4735 25. 223 8.1584 .1 12 .5 6. 534 .680 .3333 .75 63.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .57 23.25 1. 1584 .0634 .8 1.025 36 .0 yards.672 . 000 .Stat.12 22 66 1 1. 360 39.005 1. 157 . ms to m .317 . 280 .54 I The geographical.0317 .267 .946 3. 934 100. 578 1.5.5 .0176 63.2 .609. 281 1 3 1 9.000 1. that of the U.4224 1.92 1 185.05 25. 48 20.0273 1. 36 . 000 100.000 .Kilo. .6313 31.0528 12 67 . 971 491.

....8 3. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------. .27 ... 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------... .. 50.205 .621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.001 340 3 Watts -----.227 3.447 2...236 9 Miles per hour-.. .. 238 8 4.907 2 1.546 ..986 1. . .. --Inch_ -. 3937 2....892 8 1.016 .. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal ...4=millimeters..8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1... ...28..161 6.019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) .280 8 Yards -.609 34 ._---.0164 61. I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second.039 37=inches. Horsepower (metric)'l-..011 363 6 88..097 28 ....-----.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------. Ounces______-_. 304 .Gram calories -......155 Square centimeters --0--..0833 12....000 948 1055.-..... -..589 miles-... Feet per minute 54.British thermal units per . 68 ... _'_1.. 432 Grams -.. 000 948 1055...------. 508 1.97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----.------... ..681 82 1... S 1...102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1... ..001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ... Miles per hour.. 85 Meters per second.913 33 .-Meters per second ... Atmospheres--------.76 Gallons -----------Liters -4. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX.308 ..--------------Miles per hour ------..-. _ ...5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters . .--.03527 ..830 Horsepower -------. 4 .0547 18.7646 Grains -----------------...028 32 35...'466 7 Feet per second . Horsepower ...6 6.. 2654.867 4 645. 764 Cubic inches .. 78 ..000 376 8 Kilowatts -...451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.. ...621 37 Kilometers per hour -.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76.... Cubic centimeters_ . Quintals_ ..-.068 03 14.36 second.405 2... Kilograms ...----------------Watts -.16 .. 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1..----...186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -. 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -..12 ..-. .Meters . 35 PoundK ----------.. 25...47 .092 9 10.0 Feet------------------------Meters.. 0254 39..---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.----------Feet per second -..-K.-----------....Cubic meters_-----------------_ .22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.08 746.... U.02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496.06 2... Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1.018 288 Feet per minute --. 802 ..070 31 Pounds per square inch meter..152 .-...---..197 Pints -------------------------Liters ....... .________... Watt-hours .K--Kilograms.-.... 16..08 Horsepower--------. K.014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -...Foot-pounds -.04 .. .. .---0648 15..453 59 2.986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550.001 3403 746....061 Cubic inches--Liters -. 288 Meters per minute .340 3 ....-.. Feet per second...06 ...609 3 .211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons.. . 0 .304 8 3..Meters per second_ .... 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) .387 .568 1.. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1. . --..36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------.---..087 feet)-... .005 08 196.------....984 2 Ounces 35..-Kilometers per hour.1.-...002 02 14..------1...-... Meters--.... 04 .0377 36....746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25. Centimeter . 1... 223 _ ilograms per square centi.208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f...914 4 1..3862 Square kilometersSquare .0 Cubic feet _..013 85 . Meters per second -.---..-....0 Feet per minute.... Hectares_ Acres .. -..... 0 Inches --------------------.0 . .-Square meters.Grams -..013 15 Horsepower---------...

o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f . British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ .APPENDIX D 209 :.

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