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L SERIES, NO. 13

MAY 15, 1943

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2

AUm THITrYOF

UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
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PREPARED BY

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
WAR DEPARTMENT

PRBVERM OF U;S X

REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY

AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,

SERVICE

CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

NOTICE
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.

UNCLASSIFIED

CONTENTS
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --

Page

1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85
85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92

VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------

--

----

93
93

1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--

a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 .. Household Cavalry ----------------d.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. of Royal Engineers (.. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. 6... b... Regiment of Artillery (RA) .----_ ------_---- 105 105 . Supporting Arms-.. 5. h... APPOINTMENTS. Army Air Corps --------------------i..-101 g. 7... a. Services --95 2.. Appointments ----------------------d...--..Master ..______3. 104 h. Headquarters and Formations-Con. General --------------------------98 b. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. g...... 100 f. HEADQUARTERS. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.. e.- a.IV CONTENTS VI. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4. Infantry of the Line -. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------. AND SERVICES-Continued. ----96 98 -_______-... Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter . 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------... FORMATIONS. STAFF... i. d. Page 1. f... c. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .

..---------1... Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D... -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1..--a... STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a... d. CHANGE 3.... Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 ..... C.. Origin -----------------------. c........__.... SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -.. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---. b.. -. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c...___ b..--..------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---.. General ----... ---- a. GENERAL---____-_--... Sending a Message __.___-------------_ e.... "Secret"_-....__-.CONTENTS V Page .----------- 190 190 190 3.. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1...__-.______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-. b.._____-. General -----------_____--------b.1.. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-.2... BRITISH AND U. GENERAL--______________________...----------------187 187 Appendix A..-____-_.. MAPS ------------. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c.. SCALES--__.---__ ------------_ 2. a... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2... S.... CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B.-__-.

British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . 2. 7. Modified British System ----------------. S._194 195 196 199 . Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2.. Modified British System grid. U. U. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5.VI CONTENTS D. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. Oil. S. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. U. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. British System grid --------------------------------6. Modified British System grid. S.. 4. Differences ------------------------b. Gasoline. Modified British System grid. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. Horsepower -------------------------c. Grid lettering..------------. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10.

S.Section I. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. gallon. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. S. and the U. military terms are given with their British equivalents. 1 . battery do not have the same connotations for U. In the lists which follow. and British officers. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. ton. S. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. for example. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. S. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. common U. Since new forms are constantly appearing. However. troops.

or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. S. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. 97). the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. by the GSO 1 inf a British division.Section 11. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). there is no Chief of Staff in British units.-Single batteries. . S.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. Accountable officer.-Absent from post or duty. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. or of funds. rather. Responsible officer. military terms with their definitions. Accompanying artillery. 4. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. p. For example. etc. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. (see fig. platoons. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). U. functional term has no British equivalent. Where a U. S.

salvage. such as supply and evacuation installations. Same. graves registration." It comprises: supply. Same. supply. and other allied subjects. main supply road(s). for the exercise of temporary control.) Advance. S. train bivouacs. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. construction. burials. traffic control. censorship. military governmrent. transportation. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. straggler line.-An engagement or battle. maintenance. such as traffic. No equivalent. To move forward. computations pertaining to movements. To make progress in the direction of the enemy.-When unqualified. Advance by bounds. Same or administration map. sanitation. Same. Administration. usually issued by divisions and higher units. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. rear echelon. personnel management. necessary tactical details also shown. Adilressee. Adlninistrative order.U. martial law. (See also Combat orders. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Advance command post.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. usually one on a small scale. .-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. Same. quartering.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac).-An order covering administrative details. or both.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. and evacuation. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order). evacuation. Administrative map. replacements. Advance by echelon.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next.

Advance on. the support of the advance 1. (RAP) (in the case sorting.-A security detachment which pre. and wire communication. intended primarily for use in air navigation. Aid station. Agency of signal communication.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment.Aerial observation. Advance party. subdivision of the communications zone.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. radio. Same.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.-A detachment that is sent out by. sound. fig.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. pigeon.000.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. units having organic or attached observation aviation.000).-Observation from bal. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. tion to which the wounded are brought. any kind of aircraft. signal intelligence. Advance section.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. visual. airplanes. or airships.Advanced guard. (See cedes the main body on the march. Aerial (or air) photograph. and moves ahead of. oblique (vertical). Van guard. and messenger. pertaining to air navigation has been added. Air area. loons.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. 1. signal supply. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat.-Advance toward. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment.) Aeronautical charts.-An establishment of the Medical De. . Aerial (or air) observation. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. (See fig.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support.-A term embracing Signal unit.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. Aerial (or air) photograph.) Advance message center. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit).

) (7) Advanced guard. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L.-U.. (11). O U. S. (6). (3). REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). (5) Main guard. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). (12) Rear parties of rear guard. S. (2). (8) (Same. ROUTE COLUMN ( U. Rear guard: (9).o. (4) Van guard. . Figure 1.S. (10) Main body of rear guard.S.tU. (13) Rear guard mobile troops.

including aircraft warning services.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. An alarm warning.-A warning system consisting of observers. pursuit aviation. Air-landing troops.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Airborne troops. Alternative site. British Same. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line. Alternate emplacement.-A state of readiness for movement or action. Alternate firing position.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground. arming. information centers.-A landing field. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. and maintaining military aviation units.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Air defense command.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. Alinement. Same. Alternative position. Same. Ambulance loading post.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. Alert. Aircraft warning service. Airdrome. Alignment. antiaircraft artillery.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. . Fighter command. Car post (CP). Air raid warning system. balloon barrages.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. Vigilant. Air superiority. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. Air superiority (or advantage). operating.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Aerodrome. Same.

mission is employment against armored vehicles. Troops posted in such a position. also. etc. dispositions.Anti-tank ditch. The route leading to anything. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. or air attack is encountered. Ambush. or armored units.-A point established for the ad. Approach. as a bridge.-A route by which a place or position can Same. be approached by an attacking force. Antitank weapons. Annexes. Antimechanized defense. Antitank mine field.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. defence Antiaircraft defense.IU. tables. Antitank mine.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). usually in extended Same. sage of track-laying vehicles.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. graphs. front to rear and vice versa. charts. employed to amplify orders and reports. forms. forces against attack from the air. sketches.-Orders.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. To attack from such a position. It includes passive means of defense. overlays. .-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons.. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. and establishments against mechanized. maps. Appendices and traces or annexures. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. Antitank ditch. to protect troops. installations. to the point of effective small-arms fire. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). any device similarly operated. motorized.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. Approach march.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion).-The advance. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service.

Army Regulations. Same. assault. Artillery preparation. platoon.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Armoured troops. Artillery with the corps. includes corps. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. Armoured car. Refers to the head of a unit.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. Armored car. division. section. they may be fixed or portable. When delivered by mounted troops.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. and attached artillery. Armored force. .-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. Assault." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. Local attack. company. assigned to General attack.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. King's Regulations. Artillery corps. Assault. Artificial obstacles. Artillery position. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. Same. Same. local.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. it is called the "charge. Arrive. Assault.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire.-To reach a designated point or line. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position).-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. Same. general.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action.

Assembly position. No equivalent. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation.) Axis of signal communication. fig.) Attacking echelon. Attached unit. in close order. Same. Attack.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit. p.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. The grouping of units in areas. Assembly area.) Unit "'under command. Exploitation. Ballistics. of the elements of a command. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). S. b.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. Balanced stocks. The regular grouping. forming up or concentration (b).-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. Automatic supply. Auxiliary arm. 10.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. 2. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. Supporting arm.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position.-The leading echelon in attack.) (See Main supply road.-a.U. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. p. (See fig. 10. (See also Exploitation. Attack. Normal supply. Axial road.) (See Leading troops in attack.-The science of the motion of projectiles.-(Obsolete. continuing. prior to or following combat." Same. 2.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry). . named in the direction of contemplated movement.

) (9) Exploitation. (8) (Same.-U. .) (3) Start(ing) line (SL).) (5) (Same.) (6) (Same.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).) (7) Plan of attack. S. (2) (Same. (4) (Same. Figure 2.

Beachhead. under the control of the commander of the theater. No equivalent. Battle map. Balloon bed. 519636--43----2 Same.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20. Base unit (or base of movement). Barrier. Base section.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. . against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend. Barrier tactics. or both. Barracks bag.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. Base reserves.-The position of principal resistance in defense.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale).-A barrier of captive balloons. either stationary or moving.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Kit bag. Barricade. No equivalent. Same. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone. that block or restrict entrance into an area. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Base area.-Prearranged on a line or lines. Battle position.000. for the theater of operations as a whole. usually applied to roads.U. Same. Beach defence. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. No equivalent.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment. Same. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. either natural or artificial. fire Barrage. S. Same.-A map.-A group of obstacles. Same. Beach defense. Same.

classes established in dumps on the beach. Billets. nature. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. Bombardment aviation. troops. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. letters and numerals. aircraft. one giving a center of impact which is over. classified as "light. A temporary location or station for troops.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. To put into camp. Beaten zone. ings. or improvised shelter.-A system of standing barrages enclos. a defended area over which a bomber. or location of material.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover.-The difference between two ranges or Same.-An imaginary line drawn around Same.-A signal. used for radio station identification.Same. . ing an area. Bracket. or of Code sign. the target. or military works.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. Box barrage. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare).-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same.Same.Same. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. elevations. To establish a camp.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. ing the enemy as to the existence. usually a group of letters. Boundary.Same. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense." and "heavy." Bomb-release line. Camp. Same.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. Call sign.--Shelter consisting of private or public build.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. and the other a center of impact which is short of. vancing in one of several successive moves. when it strikes the ground. Camouflage. Breakthrough. Bivouac. armoured formations shelter tents. Bound.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. Bridgehead." "medium.

Registration. Same. Check concentrations. radio broadcasts. Casualty agent (chemical). Hutment. the right center element is considered the center element. or an incendiary action.equivalent. a screening smoke. or desertion. Same.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. Censorship. If the number of elements considered is even. capture. S. press dispatches. (See General Staff. is capable of producing a toxic effect. Chemical land mine. Cipher.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. publications. Same. sickness. and all communications. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. detailed as such. Center. Chief of Staff. wounds.-The senior General Staff officer. No. Same.) Chlorination. Cylinder. Poisonous gas.-The middle point or element of a command. Same. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. Casualties. Same. photography.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure.-Losses in numerical strength by death. they are applied to private communications.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. . No exact equivalent.-A substance useful in war which. discharge.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. a powerful irritant effect.) Chemical agent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment.U. Chemical cylinder. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity.

Class I. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. Petrol (gasoline). Refers to the tail of a unit. Same. stations. treated if necessary.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. arms. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Class V. trucks. Clear (in the).-To pass a designated point or line. sorted. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). of all items. Circuit diagram.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work.-The sending of messages.' Same. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). orders. Same.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). behind the first echelon. (Formerly called "hospital station. Class IV.") Close order. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). Clothing (procured b d is RAO ). and coal. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. and chemicals. and instruments. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. and machinery.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. pyrotechnics. construction materials.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. Diesel oil. antitank mines. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. radio sets. . such as rations and forage. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III. fuel oil. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. Circulation map. oil. Casualty clearing station (CCS). will eventually belong to this corps. and turned over to the army for further evacuation.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Clear (verb). Clearing station. gas masks. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. excepting those of the first echelon. tools.-A fuels and lubricants. a newly formed corps.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. such as clothing. such as fortification materials. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). Traffic map.

or numbers. phrases.Fortress command. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. and rear security forces as may be employed.-A point designated for the collec. words.-A peacetime tactical com.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). placed one behind another. flank. seacoast. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. Coastal frontier defense. Coastal zone.-The organization of the Coast defence force. Collecting point. ineluding such forward.-A naval force which may be organ. waters adjacent to the seacoast. Column.U.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. Coast artillery district. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. letters. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping. Coastwise sea lane. Code. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force. only). It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. Coastal frontier.-The whole area of the navigable Same. S. . coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route.Same. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. Collecting station. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers.

Air Corps. letters of instruction.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. Combat outpost. by the Army and Navy. covering any phase of operations in the field. Joint operations. etc. land. and administrative orders. as by two or more allie§. corps. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. Corps of Engineers.) Combat zone. g. and a combat engineer company. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders).. Combat unit loading. Forward area. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. Combat orders. dictated. . Field Artillery. It is divided into army. such as an infantry regiment.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. United States Combat echelon.-Oral. Outpost.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. Combat orders include field orders. as the Infantry. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. brigade group).16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. or any two or more of them.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. and air forces). Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. Combat intelligence. Cavalry. Combat team. after the outbreak of hostilities. and division areas2 Combined operations. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence).-(See Unit loading. and supported by. a field artillery battalion.-Military intelligence produced in the field.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces.

-A disease caused by germs. Armoured command vehicle (ACV). which can be communicated from one person to another. ration shop. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. Contagious disease. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. (See Post exchange (PX). To order or exercise command.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. Same. Grocery shop and store. usually run by NAAFI).-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. Communicable disease. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. containing the lines of communication.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. the other two being combat and supply elements. . usually armed and armored. Advanced (or forward) HQ. the establishments of supply and evacuation.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone.) Same. Commissary.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. No equivalent. Commanding ground. and local produce store (part of an institute. Command car. Command post. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. S. has been issued to them. other than personal equipment. One of the essential elements of -military organization. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. Commercial loading. Communications zone.'U.-A motor vehicle. Line of communications (L of C) area.

An assembly of troops in a particular locality. massed fire (c). Concertina wire. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. No equivalent.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Connecting file. To enclose. Same. on mobilization.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. Conferene call. or bodies of water. woods. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. cities. To restrain. . c.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. Containing action. Compartment of terrain. Same. Consolidationof position. attack. Same. Same (a and b).-To hold in place. b. Same. Same. Composite photograph. for training. Multiple call.-a. or defense.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. Concealment. Concentration.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges. Contain.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. Same. Company aid men. Same. Connecting group (or file.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat.

the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. Same.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval. Coordination. Corridor. Controlled mosaic. Same.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. Vertical interval.) Cooperation. or leads toward an objective. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. No equivalent.-An area within the field of fire. Contingent zone. other than the normal zone. S. To escort.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. Same. regulating.U..-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. . 19 United States Containingforce. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position.-(See Unit loading.-The act of supervising. Same. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). Convoy. Same. Counterattack. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. adjacent contours. with a single sentinel in observation. and combining to gain the best results. Contour interval. Counterbattery fire.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Convoy unit loading. Cossack post. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. Observation post by day. Control point.

Same. The actual or topographical crest. Same. Counterreconnaissance.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). Same.-The summit or highest line of a ridge.) Crest.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. or from the trench board.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. Credit.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Reserve supplies. to the top of the parapet.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. Same. their proper use. Same. or any object affording such protection. reconnaissance.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. (See also Reserve requirements.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same. . Same. and their careful protection. Same. Counterintelligence.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. Covering force (or detachment). Cryptography. or by any combination of these methods. Cover. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. To protect. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. attack. Counterpreparation. Cryptographic security. or provide security for. Coverage.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. another force or a locality. Counteroffensive. Same. or defense. No equivalent.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher.

Decision. Danger space. Dead ground. wood. British Daily ration strength state. area. Defence. Defense. and inshore of. Same. Same.-a. To conduct a defensive battle. Same.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. state of being defended.) Day of supply.-To translate a code message into ordinary language. strength report is included.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. Same.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. The act of defending. Coast defence area. To secure Defend. Day of fire. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces. Daily wastage rate. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength.) than a regiment).-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector.-To maintain against force. or. Decode. S. Defense. A decisive outcome of a battle. Danger area.-To march from a defile. Intention (a). Defended locality. Defensive coastal area. Defensive-offensive. against attack. Dead space.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position.--(See Unit of fire. sive in order to gain an objective. same (b). because of intervening obstacles. Debouch. .'U. or other close country into open country.-The means adopted for resisting attack. Daily train. Daily supply train. one side being decisively defeated. and later to initiating an offen. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day. b.

Same. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. or which restricts lateral movements. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size.Same. .-A message whose delivery to the Same. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. Defensive position. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. be traversed only on a narrow front. usually including the approach to an important port. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy. bay. such as a mountain pass or a bridge.-Protection from hostile ground observa.Intermediate position.-A belt of terrain. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. No equivalent. Delaying position. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. Defensive zone. Defile. or the daiiger of being considered hostile.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.-An attack delivered or a show of Same. Defilade. Demonstration. Defensive sea area. within which. Delaying action.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. A battle position.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. or sound. obstructions. Deferred message. generally parallel Defended locality.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. harbor.-A portion of the coastal zone. to the front. tion and fire provided by a mask.-A form of defensive action em.-A position taken up for the pur.

including the front and rear elements. Detachment. Same. Same.-An organized locality for the reception.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Same. Development. classification.U. and forwarding of replacements. is facing at the instant considered. Direct laying.-The direction in which the base of the command. Depot. storage.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. 23 United States Deployment. or for the reception. Dictated order. No equivalent. Same.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Direct support.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. issue. or salvage of supplies.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. Same.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. Discipline. .-An order delivered orally.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. classification. whether actually in march or halted.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. Detonator. Same. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Directionof march.-To release from service. "In support. Same. British Same. Pursuit. Direct pursuit." Same. in preparation for action. S. Discharge. Detached post. Depth. Same.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. and including the envelopment thereof. Deployment.

-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose.-A place. Distribution. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. Disposition. division. 1st Infantry.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Same. (AP)." or "Ammunition Distributing Point.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution.) Dock. for the reception of ships.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. or smaller unit. Distributing point. to subordinate units or to individuals. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. Same. Same. A delivery of supplies. or SP)." Distribution. Same. 1st Division. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. march.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. Dispersion of projectiles. Distance. such as "Class I Distributing Point.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. dump (railhead) (unit). without hospitalization. Movement to new position.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. as battle. United States Dispensary. Dud.-A slip or waterway. Same.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. .-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. (AP). such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump." Dump distribution. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. the latter become distributing points. other than a depot or railhead. Displacement. accomplished im various ways. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. or maneuver. Same. as between two piers. Dump.

mat6riel. No equivalent.-The range at which.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. and medical units. Enfilade. Encode. S. . and reserve echelon. generally different in character.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. Element.) Encircling force. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth.-To translate ordinary language into code.U. etc.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. Same. Emergency barrage. Same. engineer. such as the attacking echelon.-One of the subdivisions of a command. In battle formations. Enveloping force. meaning quartermaster. as service elements. The various subdivisions of a headquarters.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. Same. support echelon. Superimposed fire. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). Embussing (debussing) point. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point. Emplacement. ordnance. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. To prepare a message in code.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. British No equivalent (refers only to transport).-Troops. for a particular weapon. Entrucking group. (See Firing position. Effective range. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. effective results may be expected. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. Same. Entrucking (detrucking) point. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. Same.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies.

Espionage. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. including the expression of his decision. United States Envelopment. Estimate of the situation. or formulate the details of a plan. of the terrain not under friendly control. that is.) Evacuation. Same. persons.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. sick. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. Escortforce. Same. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. Escort. Essential elements of information. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy.-A body of armed men to guard a person. or goods on a journey. Same. and its application to the situation. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. Assessment of value of intelligence report. its accuracy. its credibility.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. Evaluation of information. . also. and information requested by other units. conduct a maneuver. animals. avoid surprise. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality. (See also Situation. Same. Same.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. and wounded).-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. prisoners of war.-That information of the enemy. Appreciation of the situation.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action.

(See Train. fuel.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff.) Extended order. A pretense. S.) Filler replacement. generally.-Formerly. reinforce- . in order to stop assaults. "B" echelon transport. Exploitation. Field fortification. forage. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. Extreme range. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. A stratagem. Same. Same. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. Feint. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. or both. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. Operation order (00).-The maximum range of any weapon. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). Same. Final protective line. (See also Combat orders.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. To make a feint.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. and not the second-incommand.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations.) Field train. Same.U. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. Field order. often fixed as to direction and elevation. the second-in-command. First-line ment. Fixed line.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. a predetermined line along which. is placed grazing fire.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. (See also Attack.-For machine-gun fire. greater than in close order. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. continuing. Same.

indirect. Fire. Same. Same. Fire. grazing. Fire superiority.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. Fire on targets of opportunity. Fire with a long or continuous danger space.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets. low-angle. Same.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. traversing. Aiming off.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. frontal. Fire. Fire. oblique.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. United States Fire. Fire. Fire.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. Same.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. searching. Same. Same. Same. Fire. Sweeping (or traversing) fire.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Same. Fire. Fire. leading.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Fire. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. Same.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Fire. high-angle. Fire. . observed. Same. plunging.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. Same.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Same.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. overhead. or other linear target. Fire trench. assault.

Same. direct.U. Same. Fire. Fire. Fire discipline. Same.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. Firing position.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. converging.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Fire. Same. Fire direction. Same.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Same.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fire. Fire control.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. alternate. Same. S. Same Same.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. or supplementary. Fire control. collective.-The combined fire of a group of individuals.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. . Fire. Fire. conduct of.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit. Same. at appropriate times. British Same. First aid. classified as primary. Fixed armament.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. Searching and sweeping fire. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. cone of. combined traversing and searching. Fire. Same. Destructive fire. Fixed obstacles. destruction.

-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. Fire on fixed line. Flank guard (or patrol). or other unit.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. Forage.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. Right flank is the right side. 1.--To regulate movement on the element in front. inaccuracies in the firing data. battery. Firefor adjustment. when facing the enemy. p. other than for registration.-Foodfor animals. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. Same. 5. (See fig. by observation. Same. Same.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. Flank.-The act of exerting close. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Same. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. British Same. Flight. field of. Fire. (See also Check concentrations and Registration.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. Follow. without traversing or searching. To collect supplies for men and animals. Same. from the leading to the rearmost element. inclusive.-The side of a command.) Fire for effect.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. Flanking attack. . Anlly fire against a hostile target. Registration shoot. fixed (concentrated) (point). Same. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. Same.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.) No equivalent. Fire. distributed.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. Foragers. or trial Same. Same. Same. Follow up. flanking. Fire. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought.-Firedirected at a single point.

Same. the walk. or in any other designated disposition. . Same. Gait of march. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. Front line. No equivalent. Fragmentary orders. that is. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. (See Shelter trenches. S. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. Same. British Fort. in echelon.-Small. The space occupied by an element. G-l.-The direction of the enemy. Anti-personnel bomb.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. Formation. in column. or grenade. G-4. or gallop. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Same.U.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell.-(See General Staff. The line of contact of two opposing forces. Fragmentation bomb. trot. Front.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line.) Fragmentation. G-3. Same. A strong and fortified place. in any given situation.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more).-The line formed by the most advanced units. exclusive of local security.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. 31 United States Forced march.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. Operation instructions. individual shelter or rifle pit.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. G-2. in width.-The space. Same. Same. A permanent post.) Gait. Foxhole. (See also Letters of instruction. Frontage.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. bomb.

a fifth section. reconnaissance.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. GravesRegistrationService. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. pars. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. General Staff. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. Each sec(or the "A") branch. note Division of the War Department. 96. and fig. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war.-Irregularwar car.-A temporary grouping Grouping. and with the (See sec. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). p. G-2.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. within the continental United States. Intelligence. S-4. G-4.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. War Department. Supply. G-3. pp. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). and No equivalent. 97. VI.Same. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. Personnel. . 4. ried on by independent bands.Group. S-1. and is not to 8. be confused with G-3).-An organization charged Same. General support.-All combat. Groupment (Field Artillery). transport' aviation. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . War Plans lb and 2. GHQ aviation. S-2. S-3. In units smaller than p.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. tions and Training.) the division. Operathe "Q") branch). and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. 94-95. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission.-A tactical com. not assigned to armies or smaller units.

Heavier-than-air.U. Same. frequent small attacks. Hold (verb). TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide.-To retain physical possession. High oblique. raids. annoy the enemy. Holding and reconsignment point. Hatch.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. the image of the horizon.--A term generally applied to air. Head of column.Same. Harassing agent.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. Specifically. Harassing fire. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). armoured formations or units). S. it applies to a small sled on runners.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. Harbor defense.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel. (See also Interdiction fire. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. against attacks from the sea.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas.-An oblique photograph that includes Same.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination.) Harbor. Hand sled.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. Harass.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. . more Same. of march. etc. by hand. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening. closely. Same. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily. military and air forces. and to lower his efficiency and morale.-A chemical agent used to force Same.-Firstelement of a column in order Same.

-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Individual equipment. Minute. In position.) Identification panels. Same. To deprive of mobility. Inner harbor area. Identifications. . Hospital station.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Same.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire. Indirect laying. Infiltrate.--Atermof measurement. Personal clothing and equipment. Same. Indorsement. Initial point (IP). Horse length." Same. a horse length is considered 3 yards. Immobilize. Same. Actually.-(See Clearing station. Forconvenience in estimating space.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. Incendiary agent. Starting point (SP).. Initial requirements. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Same. it is about 8 feet.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. or equipment are identified. Same. Ground strips.-To tie down. British No equivalent.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . organizations.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel.

Toxic smoke. and supply of troops. Inshore patrol.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use.) Irritant smoke. and is usually essential to. intended for planning stragetic operations.000 to 1:500.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. No equivalent.U.000. S. Same. (See also Harassingfire.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. Same.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. No equivalent.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing. Intermediate section. including the movement.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. or both. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. Smnall-scale maps. coughing. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. Intercept station. Integrity of tactical units. Interdictionfire. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. concentration. British Same.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area.-The objective whose attainment precedes. Interdict. Interpretation of information. . prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. lacrimation.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. Sanme. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). Intermediate-scale maps. No equivalent. Interval.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. the attainment of the final objective. Same.) Intermediate objective.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. (See also Time interval.

Same. Letter(s) of instruction.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. To send out officially or publicly. Lacrimator. Line of departure. p.--(See Combined operations. used to insure coordination between adjacent units. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement.-A delivery of supplies. Large-scale maps. Same. Same. Same. as orders or communiques. Same or vital point.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue.) Journal. Lachrymator. eye pains. affording observation and communication. Key point.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Joint operations.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. fig.-A tactical locality. 10. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations.) Liaison. Leapfrog.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. Lighter-than-air. Same. Specifically.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. Same. Landingfield. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders. Junction point.) (See .-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. Start(ing) line. though temporary. 2. Limiting point. Operation instruction (s).-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Same. To emerge or sally forth. as from a defile or fortress. Line. The supplies so delivered.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. British War diary.

the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. Same. British Same. Local counterpreparation. and quartering of troops.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Same. Courses of action or courses open. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.240 pounds avoirdupois. Low oblique. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Same.-The principal part of a command. Lines of communication. Lung irritant. Main attack.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. . Long ton. supply.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport.-In each tactical grouping.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. Main body.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. Line route map. No equivalent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation. Same. Supply lines.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front.-The weight of 2. Same. Defensive fire. Transport. Same. Loss replacement.U. (See also Communications zone. Main effort. A command less all detachments.) Litter relay point. Logistics.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. supply. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient.-The network of railways.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. Ton. Reinforcement. S. Lines of action. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs. waterways. and evacuation.

maintenance carried out. ordnance. Same. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC. R E.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. 14.. Manifest (ship's). mat6riel. second echelon. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. though one side may be outlined. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. Maneuver. First-line repairs (i. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. maintenance carried out by army workshops). Maintenance. other than first echelon maintenance. third echelon. e.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. (See fig. 3. performed by the using arms and services. . first echelon..") Maintenance. or imaginary. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.. e.). etc. 2 Second-line repairs (i.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. 2See p.-That maintenance.-Movement so designed as to place troops. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo.) Main artery of supply. 2 Base repairs (i. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). note 1. represented. Maintenance. 2 Third-line repairs (i. fourth echelon.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. maintenance carried out by base workshops). e. daily maintenance by driver). Maintenance requirements. 2 Manoeuvre.--Driver's maintenance. (Formerly called "axial road.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. Maintenance. Main supply road.. e.

(5) Battalion sector. S. (2) Brigade reserve position. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). S. (4) Company sector. . regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology).-U. (6) Brigade reserve area. Figure 3. (3) Platoon sector.U.

Martial law.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. . Movement graph.-March toward. and wire communication.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. usually an intervening hill. sound.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). Mask (obstruction). according to some given scale or projection. of the parts represented.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. March unit. visual. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. etc.) March table. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. such as messenger. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. woods. Same. (See also Security detachment.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander.-A graphical presentation of a march. No equivalent. pigeon. British Same or track discipline.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. March graph.) March discipline.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. Group. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask. movement Same. or some part of it.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. Maps. showing the relative size and position. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. Covering detachment. Means of signal communication. Same.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. Same or table. March on. radio. or while regular outposts are being established.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. March outpost. Same.

par. intended for strategical. maps.) Military crest. p. Message center.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. in plain language or code. Message.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. (See app. documents. Same. and those arriving by special messengers. Memorandum receipt. transmitted by a means of signal communication.000 to 1:125.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. 2. those handled by the military or civil postal service.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. Same.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message. transmission. Message. Medium-scale maps. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning.-A term which includes all instructions. reports. Same. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. Encounter or contact battle. photographs.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. Crest. 190.) B. Mechanized unit. therefore. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization. . and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. Signal office. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. S. local messages. and its further use. is undesirable. Receipt.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed.) Mechanized cavalry. orders. Meeting engagement. tactical. Same or signal or despatch.U.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. etc.. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment.000. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent).

Morning report. Military intelligence.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. United States Military government. Mobile armament.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. or theater of operations. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps").-A specially constructed seagoing craft.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. Same. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom. Daily strength state.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Same or task.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Military Police. Minimum crest clearance. Same.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. Mission.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. Mine planter. Military information. Mine layer. and truck-drawn artillery.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. Mopping up. Minimum range. This class consists of railway. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Morale. Mobile reserves. information concerning a possible or actual enemy. Same. Same. Same. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation.-Information. gathered from any source. . tractor-drawn.

Multiple-lens camera. forests. Same (but with no definite time limit)." Motorization. rendered one another by adjacent elements. Neutralize. Objective. Same. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission." or "strip.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. hampering or interrupting movement or action.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. Natural obstacles.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. Motorized unit. Same. Barrage.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. 519636°--43----4 Same. streams.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. .-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. Normal barrage. Nontoxic. S. Same or motor unit. Neutralising fire." "uncontrolled. classified as "controlled. Neutralization fire. etc. Neuttalise.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports.-The support involving fire or movement or both. in general. Normal zone. swamps. Zone of fire. Same.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Same. and. Nonpersistent agent. mountains. Same. Same.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. such as deserts.U. Mutual support.-Not poisonous.

Orderly officer. tactical or protective. for the study of objectives. Same. or drawings.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. . to show location.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. military symbols.-The disposition of troops for a march. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. and writing or printing. Oral order. Operation map. Observation aviation. Operation map. either natural or artificial. and other important data concerning the objective. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). or their order in the march column. Obstacle. Order of march. using conventional signs. photographs. maps. Officer of the day. abbreviations. Requirements. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. for the observation of an area or sector.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. (or sketch) Verbal order. Same.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit. overlays. and command. defenses. etc.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. Same. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. and liaison duty for ground units. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. Observation post. Same. fixed or portable. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. Organizationalrequirements. Offshore patrol.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day.-Any device or feature. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. courier. No equivalent. approaches. charts. observation of artillery fire.-An order delivered by word of mouth. British No equivalent.

45 Same. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. etc.-A step of 30 inches. Pace. Outflank. to make another conversant with.U. enemy positions. field works. Orient. To identify directions on the terrain.) Outpost area. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. Trace. Outguard.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. Forward standing patrol.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. No equivalent. targets.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control..-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations. Overseas operations. Same. Expeditionary force. Same.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. (See Combat outpost. on which various locations. as of artillery. Outpost. Same. are shown. Line of outposts.) Organizationfor combat. S. Rate of movement. Outpost line of resistance.-(See Unit loading. Same.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. Overlay. British No equivalent. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. . for laying over a map. To inform or explain. the length of the full step in quick time.

in initiating the movement forward to position. Report line.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. Passage of lines. Park.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. Persistentagent.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. and in the occupation and organization of the position. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. sometimes armored. Same. Same.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. the battlefield. Patrol. Penetration.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security.-A form of individual pack. or both. The act of patrolling. and parking vehicles. Same. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. Photogrammetry. Same.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. Party. Personnel carrier. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. Leapfrogging. Phase line.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. Parachute troops. maintaining. Same. in issuing his initial orders. Same. Same.-A motor vehicle.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Same. British No equivalent. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. and on. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. common in northern countries. .

Photographic reconnaissance. British Same. Point.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed.U.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. a scale and a directional arrow. (See fig. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. Post exchange (PX). the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. at least. including.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. specifically for any military operation. Position. Same.-Obstacles capable of being moved.-A scheme or design. as the basis for his orders to his command. S.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. Port of Embarkation. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)).) Movable obstacles. 5.-(See Assembly area. Piquet or patrol.) Position in readiness.-The text of a message which. assembly. Same. Photomap.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. Plan. Canteen or Navy. Portable obstacles. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. p. Army. 1. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. standing Same. 47 Same.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted. No equivalent. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Same. (Point section of the) van guard.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered. Pin point. Position of readiness. on its face. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. . Picket.

drill.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. Pursuit.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire).-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. Important message. classified as interceptor and fighter. under quarantine.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. Defensive obstacles No equivalent.-(See Artillery preparation.-Definite rulings which establish. the movements of rail. Provisional map.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. road.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Same. Priority message.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. Quarantine. Priorities. Same.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. It may contain form lines or contours. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately).artillery. Same. or instruction) is not interrupted.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. water.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission. . No equivalent. Preparation. British Predicted fire. the precedence of shipment. working. Fighter aircraft. Pursuit aviation. Protective obstacles. in order of time. Same. or the performance of several tasks. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. Prisonersof war. Precede. Same. Primary firing position. or other transport.

1st Division. No equivalent. An offensive movement. Reconnaissance patrol. Same or speed.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Range.) Same.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.U.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. 1.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. . Raid. effective (extreme) (minimum). Rear guard. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)).-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. A billeting party.-A point.) Rate of march. Same.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie. No equivalent. Same. p. such as "Class I Railhead.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. Ration.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. Same. Ration cycle. R a dio-telephony (R/T).-The operation of searching for information in the field." "Ammunition Railhead. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). directed against an enemy. or to observe terrain. Reconnaissance. Same. Same or rear patrol (See fig.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead. Same. Same.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. S. The direction away from the enemy.--Radio communication by means of the voice. Rear. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). usually by small forces. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. Harbouring party. 1st and 2d Divisions.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. designated by a unit commander." Railhead distribution.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. to maintain contact with the enemy. 5. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). Rallying point. Rear party.

force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment.-The officer in charge of a regu. They are classified as individual. Replacement. mental reserves in the battle position.-A line designated to co.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. Regulating station.-An individual who is restored or Same. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. filler (loss). initial.Same. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. Regulating point. 39. Refilling point. organizational. and reserve. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment.Sector control.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.) Regimental reserve area. I Mosaics (verticalonly). a supply point or estab.-The computed needs for a military Same.Brigade reserve area.-Troops used to augment -the Same. and operation for a given period. p. (See Supply point.-An area in which the regi. especially for combat purposes. returned to his own country or citizenship. Reinforcements.-A series of overlapping ver.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. p. Repatriate. maintenance.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. ment.) Registration.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. .Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). 3.-Formerly. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations.-An easily recognizable point Same. a selected course. 3. maintenance.-An individual available for assign. (See fig.-A traffic control agency estab.) Regulating officer.Reinforcement. lating station.Same.) Requirements.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. 39. strength of another body of troops. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. Regimental reserve line. Replacement.

Reserves. also designated as "reserve supplies. S. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement.) Requisition.-Supplies accumulated by the army. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves.) Responsible officer.-a. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. Individual reserves. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. beach. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. British Indent (a).-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. b. Reserve supplies. detached corps. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. Reserve requirements. animal. Same." Battle reserves are supplies.) Reserves (supply). .-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. A request for supplies. Same. Battle reserves. Reserve (tactical).-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. to attract the enemy in a desired direction.U. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy.-(See Beach reserves. same (b). or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. (See also Credit.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. Retirement. Same.-Those carried on the soldier. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. Unit reserves. Withdrawal.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which.

-Artillery fire on successive lines. United States Retreat. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. . S-4.) Salient. the presence of rail facilities.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road. Same. Right (left) bank of stream.--(See General Staff. Salvage.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. and airplane landing facilities.-A message requiring no special precedence. S-1. S-s. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. Same.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Same.-The collection of abandoned. Road space. Same.-A movement to the rear. Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. Same. Reverse slope. Road block. Same.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Same. Same.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road.-A foot messenger. Runner.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal. Roving gun (Field Artillery). Retrograde movement. captured. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. Road crater. Same.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Moving barrage. The act of retreating. Same. Withdrawal. Routes of communication. Rolling barrage.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. To recover or save. Same. navigable waters. Property so collected. Routine message.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. S-3.

-(See Holding attack. designated by boundaries.-The use or application of sanitary measures. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. 2. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. . Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). Screening smoke. p. on its face. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. To act as a scout. S.-(See Seize. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation.-The text of a message which. Message in cipher or code. Arc of fire.) Sector. It includes both fixed and mobile armament. Schedule fires. Same.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). 53 British Plan of attack.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. Secure. A man who gathers information in the field. in observing.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation. fig.-A section of terrain.) Sector of fire. in using ground and cover. Same.) Same.-A man specially trained in shooting. Coast defence artillery.) Same. Scout. Same.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps).) Secret text (or secret language).) Scheme of maneuver. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose.U. 10. (See Defense area. The body of troops used to screen a command. Screen.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. (See Same (but without a cover). Secondary attack.--(See Prearranged fires. Scout car. and in reporting the results of observation.

Covering detachment.-Formerly. No equivalent. (See Train. Sensing.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. An outguard of one squad. That which covers or defends. The protection resulting from such measures. and police of the larger unit as a whole. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. preferably with the same march characteristics. Same or cover. No equivalent. equivalent to U. Serial. screen or cover from notice. over or short of the target. A screen. To afford or provide shelter. Shelter. construction. Shelter.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. "Restricted").-To gain physical possession of. Sentry squad. Shelter. To Protection. .) Service units (or elements). Supply units. heavy shellproof.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. evacuation. with or without force. by 3-inch shells. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. annoyance. maintenance. communication.-One or more march units.) the enemy.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. Judging. Same.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. Security detachment. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. placed under one commander for march purposes. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. Supply units . or surprise attack by the enemy. transportation. Service train.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. light.-Any form of concealment from view. Sentry post. Seize (or secure)."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments).54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. Same. S.

Signal operation instructions. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). against splinters of high-explosive shell. Shelter.U.) Signal intelligence. Same (a consideration of these conditions. Same. armament. Signal security. Single-lens camera. Same.. Short ton.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. and the possible courses of action. the weather. ciphers. constitutes the estimate of the situation. and the possible lines of action. Same. terrain. Same.) (Short) ton.-(See Signal security. etc..-All the conditions and circumstances. except mail or direct personal agency. S. by detection of secret inks. . followed by a decision. etc. Shelter trenches.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. Same (for formations below the division. but contained ii) the formation operation order).-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. or by the solution of codes. and messages.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. (See Foxhole. which affect a command at any given time. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter.) British No equivalent. Signal communication. Signal communication security. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. taken as a whole.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. and grenades. splinter-proof. Situation. considerations of time and space. light shellproof.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. strength. Same. (A consideration of these conditions.000 pounds avoirdupois. and the mission to be accomplished.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means. and on which its plans must be based.-The weight of 2.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. followed by an intention. They include such items as the positions. Slit trenches.

Same. Rest camp.000 to 1:7. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. Special staff.-Same as sleds. .000. dismounted. Small-scale maps. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy.000. Same. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. Same. in whose name all orders are given. Same.) Staging area. Skirmishers.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. consisting of two or more flights. and supply services. It includes the heads of the administrative. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. Same. technical.000.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-Troops. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. usually Infantry.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1. administrative.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. but in lower units they partly merge into each other.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Squadron (Air Corps). Ski troops. British Situation map.-A soldier. Same. No equivalent.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. has no authority to command. usually an expert shot. No. Sledges. All responsibility rests with the commander. Same. technical. equivalent. as such. Speed. (or battle) No equivalent. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. Staff authority. and supply functions. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. Smoke screen.-Soldiers. and certain technical specialists.-The authority exercised by a staff officer. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. (A staff officer.-A staff group. Sniper.

U.-A line. Same. Same. Strong point.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. Standard operating procedure.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. Same. or an exposed sector of the front. Same. Stragglers' posts. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. Fire on a line. British Standing orders. Strip mosaic. the defensive area of an infantry company.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions.) Subsector. Stereoscopy. No equivalent. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. (See Defense area. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. or streams. No equivalent.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. who has become separated. Supplementary firing position. . Stereoscope. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. S. Stereo-pair. one of the subdivisions of a sector.--Usually. Same.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. Stereo-triplet. railroads. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Stragglerline. without authority from his organization. Same.-A soldier.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. Straggler. Same.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. Same.-Formerly. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads.

58

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

British
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.

Same.

Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.

Same.

G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5

59

British War Establishments.

Same.

Same.

Same. Same.

Same. Special force.

Teleprinter.

Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.

60

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

British
Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.

Same.

Same. Unit transport, echelon.

"B"

No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.

Same.

Same.

Same.

U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS

61

United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

British
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

dictated. . pyrotechnics. Same. which is to follow. Unit of fire.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. it may be a message or a field order.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. Same. grenades. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. or oral.) Vesicant. Same. panels. Priority call. and destruction of tissue.-(See Contour interval. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. etc. burns. bombs.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. . Visual signals. Urgent call. serviceable unit assembly. 1Warning order. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage."-Colloquial.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. lamps. Same. Unit replacement.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order.) Urgent message.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. especially for a movement. Same. British Replacement semblies. they include signals transmitted by flags. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. and may be written. I~Tar Department intelligence.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. "WT'alkie talkie. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man.-Signals conveyed through the eye. Vertical interval. causing inflam'mation. heliograph.War Office intelligence.

-An obstacle of barbed wire.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. or more conductors. etc.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. skirmishers.).-One of a series of lines of foragers. Withdrawal from action. Wire line. Zone defense or defense in depths. Writer. mechanized vehicles. Zone of fire. e. Zone of action. Zone of the interior. company. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth. Defence in depth.-The originator of a message. battalion.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible. Same. Line route. Cable route. Same.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . Wire entanglement. . No equivalent. Front (i. Same. Same.-One or more wire circuits. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave.U. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position.. Wide-angle photograph. erected in place on pickets.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. British Same. 63 Same.

Section Ill. if these are lacking. S. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. together with U. etc.. g. door handle. S. with definitions.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. window-winders. equivalents or. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications.

S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. general Attack. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. machine guns. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament.

case. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker. to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown .66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly.

duty status Operations carried out by land. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. sea. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S.

. masked or defiladed) .68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i. .strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .e.Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage.) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration. (See Moving barrage.

S. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point. Petrol point. (See Ammunition point. Distributing point Supply point.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. 6. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex.

(line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift .70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S.BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .

with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .

EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. S. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander .BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline.. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g. gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e.74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers .

in which case it is the Area Engineer. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. second-line Maintenance.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . base Maintenance. second echelon Repairs. third echelon Repairs. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. fourth echelon Repairs. first echelon Repairs. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. first-line Maintenance. S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

double-ended Spanner.76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . destructive Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner.

to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off. British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod .TERMS WITH U.BRITISH.

Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car . artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. tanks.78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport.

British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . S. EQUIVALENTS.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to Gong. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot.Section IV. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Blitz.

air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. to Prang. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. to Pleep Plug away. S.) . generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Pack up. to Peel off.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. ropey evening. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. (U. to Perimeter track Play pussy. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. etc. ropey type. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. etc.

82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. that is. to Tee up. poor view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. outside view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. long-distance view. dim view. lean view. etc.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. "ropey" view. flying slowly over an area. to . to Touch bottom. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to take down a peg To prepare a job.

catalogue. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". prologue. b." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. the "re" (final) instead of "er". for example: a. centre. Occasional "e" for "i.Section V. anaemia. f. cheque. endorse. tsar. draught. cyder. axe. harbour. gramme. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. programme. organising. labour. and the "our" (final) instead of "or. honour. alarum. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. metre. syren. gaol (pronounced "jail"). c. neutralisation. (automobile) tyre. enquire. encyclopaedia. pyjama. syphon. travelling. fibre. d." and "y" for "i": enclose. theatre. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. litre. serjeant. 83 . organisation. mediaeval. behaviour. storey (house). levelling. barque (boat). briar. colour. neutralise. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. signaller. grey. epaulette. e. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. plough. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. good-bye. neutralising.

84

BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y

2. PRONUNCIATION
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British

Address

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Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion

DIFFERENCES

85

b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for

86,

BRITISH MILITARY

TERMINOLOGY

American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.

DIFFERENCES

87

b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. peanut Peanut spread Tart. suite Geyser e. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie.Y British Monkey-nut. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. .

buffer Motorcar. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. patrolman. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. Motoring Battery Bumper Car. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. automobile Coal oil. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. mud-guard Petrol. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. mud-wing. constable. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear.

cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. letters Post a letter Post box. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. here's your party. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. Knave Cinema. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. films Picture palace. flick Pictures." Information "Line's busy!" . mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. bagman Green grocer h. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. . flicks.

School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. tramcar. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. street (or electric or Tramway. footpath Sidewalk Street railway.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. tram trolley) car The Underground.

checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. 1942. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. luggage van Cloak room. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. 1942. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. 1942. When numerals alone are used to denote months. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local.) n. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. . then the month. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room.92 m. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. as 21 June.

200. g.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. and reconnaissance regiments are also units. etc. 93 . whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. artillery. etc. par. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). divisions corps. etc. including addressing messages or correspondence.Section VI. etc. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. GHQ First (Second. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. g.) Infantry Brigade. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. but cavalry (horse and mechanized).) Cav Bde 1 (2. Brigades. 1st (2nd. FORMATIONS. etc. etc. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. ABBREVIATIONS 1. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. etc. First (Second. 1st (2nd. etc. Army. 2c (3).) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. 1st Armoured Division. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. In general. p.) Corps. p.) Cavalry Brigade. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). etc. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. etc. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. 2 In addressing a headquarters.. armies.) Army. 10. 199). and fig.) Army 1 (2.HEADQUARTERS. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e.. 1st (2nd. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. S. 1 STAFF. and groups of armies are formations. APPOINTMENTS.) Division. a.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. 1st (2nd.

) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps.) Army Sigs 1 (2.) Divisional Engineers." Units (regiments. CCRA. etc..) Fd (Med. CCMA. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. etc. 1st (2nd.) Field (Medium. etc.. )Divisional Artillery.. intelligence. below. etc.) Corps MA etc. 1 (2. Staff Duties and Training Section. Brigade Majors. MA 1 (2. etc.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. First (Second. training. p.) Corps Medium Artillery. .) Divisional Signals. etc. battalions.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. etc).) use the distinguishing letters "O.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. etc.94 1st (2nd. RA 1 (2." and "Q" only. 1st (2nd. etc. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. ment. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO. etc. RA 1 (2. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. Air GHQ b. 2.1 (2. (See notes 5 and 6. etc.) Div RA etc. RASC 1 (2. Signal Officer in Chief. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. and coordination in general. 1st (2nd. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc. etc. etc." "RAI.) Army Signals. and CRA (see par. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. etc. Chief Signal Officers. .) . and their Staffs. Regi.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. etc. etc. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals. etc..) Regt RE 1 (2.) Corps Artillery." and "RAQ.) Corps RA etc.) Corps Signals. etc." "I.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. etc.

promotes him. equipment. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. food. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). Hygiene. . supervises his medical arrangements. Pay (A). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Staff Captain. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. Printing and Stationery (A). ammunition. 2nd Echelon. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. petrol (gasoline). below. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. It enlists the soldier. Medical and Surgical. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). Dental. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). and eventually discharges or buries him. Camp Commandant. or oil.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. pays him. Judge Advocate-General (A). Pathology. Military Secretary. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. vehicles. whether it be clothing. looks after his discipline and welfare. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. Personal Assistant. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). Movement Control. Chaplains (A). (See note F. Hirings (A). Canrteen (Q). Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Nursing. weapons. Staff Captain.

Works (Q). Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. Docks. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI... who are graded as lieutenant-colonels... see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown.. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. First-grade staff officers. are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander.... Second-grade staff officers are majors.. Light Railways. Chief Engineer_ Commander.. Railways.Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer.. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). Veterinarv (Q). Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and. . Remounts (Q). Supply (Q).. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. Survey (G). captains. Transportation (Q). For the chief staff officers at various headquarters. third-grade. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. General Staff Officer. in general....------General Staff Officer.96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A)." "02.. Major-General.. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade.. Transport (Q).. Inland Water Transport... Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade ." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. and not to the branch of the staff. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------..

--------------Brigadier. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander. Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4. General Staff ------------BGS . General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- .

that. however. S. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . which was very similar to the U." It should be realized. as in the U. forces. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. b. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. S. Regular and Territorial. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. only the Regular Army regiments are shown.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. In the list that follows. National Guard. all of which have been mechanized. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. therefore. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. the largest being the Territorial Army. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces.

and as such are considered a part of the King's household. 2/4 Hamps. In this case. and not to any other regiment. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. c. of which this is the 2nd. But when on parade with its guns. formerly known as The Life Guards. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. now mechanized. that is. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. are a part of the RHA. two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. by the Royal Armoured Corps.ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). . 10Now one regiment. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). Ist and 2nd. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . below). 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). At the present time. the 1st and 2nd Regiments.

Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 . . above.-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards).100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. (See also note 11. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards).) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments. Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards).

18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). Each regiment received a number as it was formed. The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). the last to be formed. which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). has no number. The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. The Rifle Brigade. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. No. No. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). beginning with The Royal Scots.

102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex . Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40).

.. the Duke of Albany's) (72). e. The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i.The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). . when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). e. The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy.ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). When serving under the Army Act vi. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).

... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps .. Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h.... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service......... Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i...104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number). Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -. General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------... Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC .....-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------... Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___..

RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. RA 17th Medium Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. etc. 2. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. 2. etc.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. Armoured Divisional Signals. etc. etc. 1 (No. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. 1 (No. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. No.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. etc. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. etc. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. 2. RA -----------A/E Battery.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs .ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. RA ----------1st Survey Battery.) Field Artillery Signal Section. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b.) Squadron. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. No. 1 (No. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company.

etc. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----... Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col .) CCS 1 (2..) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2... etc.--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company.. etc. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f.... etc....106 BRITISH.. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl .) Fd Amb 1 (2.. etc. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec . etc... Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --.-..) Gen Hosp 1 (2.) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2... Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------. etc.

. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required. 1 (2.-.) Pro Sqn 5. Bivouac.-. All arms (used in conjunction with COL). however. Mounted men. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation..) Pro Coy 1 (2. etc. 5196336--43 -. etc.... Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area).. etc. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron .. "Bus" (as distinct from MET).. Bridge.. not in action. Cancel last message. The most usual requirements are. All artillery.Inf Bde Ord Coy .LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h.) Mob Vet See 1 (2.ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g... etc. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---.....8 . Armoured cars...) VES i.... Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.

has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Column. e. Horses. Guns now firing.. g. Goods trucks (i. Passenger coaches. No movement seen.) Trench. Siding. Tracked vehicles. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations.. Multi-engined aircraft. Machine guns. Pontoon bridge. Track. Railway train (complete with engine). Guns in action. B. RFC.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Tank. Horse-drawn transport. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. C. but not firing. Men. Digging. Railhead. Engine. Mechanical transport. Ranging point. Open. (e. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). It represents abbre- . Civilian or refugee traffic. 6. Warships. etc. etc. Facing. CNO Reference point A. Target moving. freight cars). RFB. Defended post. River. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Single-engine aircraft. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Wireless station. Tent. Steam not up.

though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Advanced Air Striking Force. Assistant Beachmaster. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Automatic bomb sight. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Auxiliary Air Force General List. Account. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Auxiliary Air Force. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. aircraft defence. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. or A/C or AC .) or Army. Accountant Branch Officer. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman.

Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Army Co-operation Squadron. Air Chief Marshal. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Aircraft Carrier Squadron. . Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Army Co-operation Command. Back Areas. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Activity at (reconnaissance code). Acknowledge. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Assistant-Controller of Labour. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Accommodation.110 AC (No. Anti-coastal motorboat. Aircraft carrier. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Administrative Commandant. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF).) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. of Battle Squadron). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. South. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design.

Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). . Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production).

Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Air Defence of Great Britain. Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. . Addressed. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American).112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Intelligence. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC).. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering.

Assistant-Director of Postal Service. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Remounts. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Admiralty (see also Adm). Assistant-Director of Survey. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Aircraft Depot. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. . Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications).ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Advanced Dressing Station. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group).

Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Armoured fighting vehicle. Economy Cost Branch. Aircraft equipment production. Adjutant-General's Branch. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Army filtration barges. etc. Air Force Headquarters. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Air Force Liaison Officer. Air Force Medal. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Advanced guard. Artillery Equipment School. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Airframe.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Army Field Workshop.). . Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Aircraft equipment (engines). Advanced base. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Admiralty Fleet Order. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Air Fighter Development Unit. Advance or advanced. engineer and signal scales. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Assistant Embarkation Officer. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Armament. Aeroplane.

ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Aircraft Inspection Department. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Air operation. All arms (reconnaissance code). Aeronautical Inspection Department. Searchlights. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Airborne troops. Air Judge Advocate-General. American Liaison and Munitions. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Army Intelliegence Department. Royal Marines. Air Marshal (see also AM). Air Liaison Officer. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Advanced landing ground. . Aircraft interception. Ambulance (see also A). Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Altitude. Air Ministry Intelligence. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Assistant King's Harbour Master. Amatol (see also AM). Australian Imperial Force. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Armaments Division. Assault landing craft. Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Air Base. Air Member for Development and Production. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Air Liaison Section.

Ammonal (bulk explosives). Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Army and Navy Stores. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Air Ministry . Alteration order form. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Adviser. Advanced Operational Base. Annexure. Ammunition. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). .Experimental Station. Amphibian (see also A). Australian Military Force. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Air Officer Commanding. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Ammonal with charcoal. Army Ordnance Field Park. Assistant Military Secretary. Air Navigation School. Air Member for Training. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Air Observer School. Air Member for Personnel. Army Ordnance Workshop. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Army Order or Accountant Officer. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Air Ministry Order.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Mileage Unit. American Nautical Almanac. Operational Research Section.

Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Anti-personnel (bomb). Armour-piercing shot (inert). Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. (projectile) capped. Armour-piercing.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Army Printing and Stationery Services. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Air Production. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Armour-piercing. high explosive. chemical warfare (gas bombs). Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Army Physical Training Corps. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Naval. capped with ballistic cap. Assistant Public Relations Officer. . Armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Army Plotting Room. capped with ballistic cap. Approximately Appendix. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Aiming point. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Armour-piercing tracer. Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Armour-piercing (projectile). Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Air Personnel Department.

Ammunition Sub-Depot. Airman or Airmen. sulphide azide. Ammunition. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Armament Production Progress. Aeroplane Repair Section. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Artillery reconnaissance. Army Routine Order. Angle of sight (see also A of S). ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Ammunition Railhead. Air Stores Park. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Armament. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Airship. styphnate azide or antimony.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Artisan Works Company. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Air speed indicator (or indicated). All artillery. Armoured car. Ammunition and stores. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Armoured. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. Army Stores Issue Ship. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Artillery. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Air Raid Warden.

ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Assistant Chief Overseer. Army Training Instruction. Automatic or self-loading. Assisted take-off. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Naval Development and Production. Auxiliary Fire Station. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Armoured Unit Initial Training. Auxiliary Services Officer. Attached. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Assistant. Advisory Service on Welding. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Army Training Memorandum. Army Troops (see also AT). Research and Development. Aircraft Storage Unit. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Assistant Under-Secretary of State. All up weight (gross weight). Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Armoured vehicles. Assistant to Director-General. Air Training Corps. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Air Vice-Marshal. Australian Steam Test M. American Technical Liaison Officer. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Australia or Australian. of . Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Anti-tank (see also A/T). Atlantic Ferrying Organisation.

Bart Baronet. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. Aircraft Warning Service. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). bdy Boundary (see also bndy). BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. Anti-zeppelin. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. BAB Blind approach beacon. BAO Base Accountant Officer. BAM British Air Ministry. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. BB Bombs.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BAA Brigadier. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes).Ballistic cap. Bdr Bombardier. Ayrshire Yeomanry. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BALCAP or BALL. Bde Brigade. CAP. Azimuth (see also Z). . (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BASFUZ Base fuze. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. BASW British Army Staff. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BAL Ballistics (see also B). bdr Bandolier. Washington.

Blown out. Brake horsepower. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Branch Field Post Office.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. . Beyond light repair. Board of Trade. Bearing. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Boundary (see also bdy). Balloon Production. Battle Headquarters. Base and nose fuzed. Base Ordnance Depot. British Naval Liaison Officer. British Nautical Almanac. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). British Manufacturing and Research Company. double ejection. Bombing and Gunnery School. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Base ejection. British Expeditionary Force. ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Bivouac (reconnaissance code). Base fuzed incendiary. General Staff. Beachmaster (see also BM). Bring forward. Base Ordnance Workshop. Baby incendiary bomb. Bomb. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). . Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Battery Observation Post. British Height Correction.. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. Brigadier. The Border Regiment. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Battalion.

Bridge or bridging or brass. Brigade Routine Order. Buckinghamshire Battalion.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. British War Medal. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). British Standard Fire. Base Personnel Staff Officer. Broadside on. British Thomson-Houston. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Beeswax. British Warrant Officer. British thermal unit (see also Btu). Base Supply Depot. Blohm & Voss. . Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British thermal unit (see also B Th U). British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). British Red Cross Society. Battery . Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Base. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). Bomb release line. scissors type. Base Workshop. Brigadier.Quarter=Master Sergeant. British standard weight. Battery Sergeant-Major. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Battle Squadron. Battery. Base Supply Airfield. Brigadier.. Royal Artillery. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower.

Research and Experiments. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Canteen(s). Camp Commandant (see also CC). Calibre. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. . Cavalry.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Catering or catalogue. Counter-Battery Officer. Class "CC. Cartridge(s). Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Royal Artillery. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Commander of Army Group. Calorific value. Chief Adviser. Command Chaplain. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Cambridgeshire Regiment. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Central Ammunition Depot. Captain. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment.

Coastal Command Liaison Section. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Royal Artillery. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Chemical Defence Research Department. Chief Engineer. Chief Superintendent. Commander. Chief Chemical Inspector. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Coast Defence Chain (Station). Phosgene. . Central Flying School. Command Dental Officer. Corps Medium Artillery. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Casualty Collecting Post.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Chemical Defence Development. Chemical Defence Research. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Canadian. Commander. Capital finance claim. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Flying Instructor. Controller of Chemical Research. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Tank Design. Commander. Chief of Combined Operations. Casualty Clearing Station. Chemical Defence Research Paper. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Contraband Control Service Office. Coastal Command Development Unit. Chaplain to the Forces. Coast Defence Chain (Station).

Fire Control. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Engineers Signal Stores. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Clearance head space. Controller-General of Economy. The Cheshire Regiment. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Command Headquarters. Chief Instructor. Cast iron. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Controller-General of Munitions Production. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Instructor. Commander-in-Chief. Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chaplain. Naval Ordnance. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. . Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Corps Routine Order. Chain (Station). Fire Control Instruments. Cheshire Yeomanry. Chain home beam. Controller-General of Research and Development. Military College of Science. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Chief Inspector. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Chief Instructor. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Chain (Station). Conspicuous Gallantry Medal.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chief Inspector.

Chief of Staff (see also COS). Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Coastal motorboat. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Combined Operations Development Centre. Companion of the Order of St. Central Interpretation Unit. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Corps of Military Police.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Column (see also col). Column (see also coin). Closed (reconnaissance code). Central Ordnance Depot. Chief Maintenance Officer. Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Common nose fuzed. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Care and Maintenance Party. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Close reconnaissance. Central Medical Establishment. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Centimeter height finding. Corrected mean time. Contracts Liaison Section. Chief Naval Representative. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. George. Close Support Troop. Chief of Artillery. Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. . Column (reconnaissance code). Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Michael and St. Captain of the Fleet.

Command Post Officer. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Counter-preparation. Controller of Physical Research. Concentrate or concentration. Commodore. solventless cooler. Cosecant. Correction. Coordinate or coordinating. . original type. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Commander (see also Comd). Company. Commanding (see also Comd). Cycles per second. Commandant (see also Comd). Cotangent. Cordite. Communication(s). Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Construction. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. modified. Chief Ordnance Officer. Composite or component. Coventry Ordnance Works. Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Controller of Projectile Development. Cordite. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Common-pointed capped (projectile).ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Committee or commission. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Cordite with carbamite. Cordite. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Corporal.

Radiological Inspection. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Royal Artillery. Royal Engineers. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Commander. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Corps Routine Order or. Commander. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Civilian Repair Organisation. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Calibre radius head. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Armament Supply. Chief Superindendent. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Course setting bomb sight. Company Sergeant-Major. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Superintendent. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Projectile Development Establishment. Chief Superintendent. Counter-sunk. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Consultant. Cathode ray tube. . Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Chlorsulphonic acid. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Chilworth smokeless powder. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Armaments Design.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Commander. Central Storekeeping Office. Royal Army Service Corps.

Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Corps Troops (see also CT). Coast Watching Post. Chief Works Office. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. . Chief Examining Officer. Royal Engineers. Chemical Warfare (Service). Communications valves or closed vessel. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Controller of Tank Development. Dental Branch Officer. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Continuous wave. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Convoy. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Chemical Warfare Troops. Hundredweight. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Debussing (Point). Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Central Trade Test Board. Carton. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Communications Valves Committee.

Director of Army Kinema Service. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Director of Army Postal Service. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Director of Air Materiel. Director of Air. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Deputy Adjutant-General. Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Director of Aeroplane Production. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh).

Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Deputy Controller. Deputy Chief Accountant. General Research and Development. Director of Armament Supply. . Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Director of Clothing and Stores. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Deputy Chief Engineer. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Director of Balloon Production. Director of Canteen Service. Director of Armament Production. Director of Bombing Operations. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Deputy Commander. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department).ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Distance control. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Royal Engineers. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Director of Civil Research and Production. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Director of Armament Development. Deputy Controller. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Construction and Regional Service. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Distant control boat. Dive bomber.

Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Armament Production. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. . Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions.132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Design Department Guns. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS).

Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Organisation. Operations Division. . Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director.

Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Public Relations.134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Director of Signals. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Radio Production. . Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Declination (see also D). Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Director of Weapons. Decontamination.

ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP

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DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE

Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.

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DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.

ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS

137

District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

138
DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Depot. Director of Press Division. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Director of Pathology. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Double parachute link.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Director of Public Relations. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Director of Quartering. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Postal Services. 10 . Director of Remounts. Diphenylamine. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Director of Personal Services. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Canadian and American. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Directional radio. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Prisoners of War. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Works. Distant-reading compass (German). Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Purchases (or Production). Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Director of Pre-Entry Training.

DWAAF . Director of Torpedoes and Mining. Director of Road Research Laboratory. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DSO Distinguished Service Order. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Director of Railways. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Radio Production. Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. Director of Tank Production. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. DSR Director of Scientific Research. Director of Technical Training. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Director of Transportation. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. Duty steamboat. DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). D Sal Director of Salvage. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. DVS Director of Veterinary Services.140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). Director of Survey. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production).

Equivalent full charges. Director of Explosives. Equivalent full rounds. Extended Defence Commander. Exchequer and Audit Department. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Electrical Engineer. e. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Elementary Flying Training School. Explosive incendiary bomb. Expeditionary Force Institutes. . E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Emergency Ammunition Depot. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Engineer-in-Chief. Equivalent constant wind. Extended Defence Officer. Enemy bomber. The East Lancashire Regiment. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Director of Weapons Production. Echelon (see also E).. Experimental Demolition Establishment. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding).ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Director of Warlike Stores. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. for Gallantry). Dropping zone (paratroops). External Ballistics Department. Equipment Depot. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Equipment Branch Officer. Enemy aircraft. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Electric light.

Embarkation Medical Officer. The Essex Regiment. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Engine Production or engine propellants. Emergency Powers Committee. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Elevation/range.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Extra-mural. Entertainments National Services Association. Engineer Vice-Admiral. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Engine Repair Section. Electric and Percussion. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Equipment. East Riding Yeomanry. Emergency Transport Pool. Equipment Officer. Engine Room Assistant. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Engineer Stores. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Employment. Establish or establishment. . Electric Light Officer. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Electric Light Observation Post.

Fire Control Plotting Board. Field Squadron. Forward Air Support Link. Field Ammunition Dump. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Field Hygiene Section. Fleet Accountant Officer. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Forward area sight. Farrier. Fleet Construction Officer. Fire Control. Fire Control School. Forced landing. Fire direction table. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Field Ambulance. Fleet Adviser on Education. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Field Battery. Field Company. Field. Fleet Aviation Officer. Fleet Engineer Officer. Fleet Dental Officer. Field Brigade. Field artillery tractor. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Fighter dive-bomber. . Field Bakery. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Free aerial mine. Fighter Development Unit. Field imprisonment. Facing (reconnaissance code). Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary.

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FEP FF FFC

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BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.

FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02

ABBREVIATIONS
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.

145

FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).

FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD

Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.

146
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..

GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ

ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC

147

Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

Grade 2 (see also G2). Head and breast (telephone set). Head. 13th/18th Hussars. High angle upper deck. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. Hexachloroethane (smoke). Hallamshire Battalion. label. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). General Staff Officer. Grade 1 (see also Gi). Training. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. armour-piercing. . General Staff Officer. armour-piercing incendiary tracer. Heavy anti-aircraft. York and Lancashire Regiment. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. 14th/20th Hussars. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own).-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. Horse.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. High current density. High angle. Glider Training School. Heinkel. The Honourable Artillery Company. or mark). High explosive. High-altitude bombing. General Staff. General Staff Officer. The Hampshire Regiment. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. High explosive. Greenwich sidereal time. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). General Staff Officer. Haversine. Geographical Section. Grade 3 (see also G3). Hussars or hygiene or height. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. Heavy bomber. 3rd The King's Own Hussars.

Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous).ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). High explosive tracer. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. Hotchkiss (ammunition). Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. Hexagon. High explosive graze fuze. His Majesty's Canadian Ship. Howitzer. . Highest possible score. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High frequency oscillator. High frequency radio telephone. Head of the Research Department. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. His Majesty's South African Ship. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). High frequency (in combination). His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. Hertfordshire Regiment. His (Her) Imperial Highness. High explosive time fuze. Hirings. Horses (reconnaissance code). High explosive incendiary tracer. Herefordshire Regiment. High frequency detector. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. High explosive graze fuze with delay. Hospital. Mustard gas and lewisite. High explosive substitute (or shell). Heavy Glider Training Unit. His Majesty's Indian Ship. Height observed (observed altitude). Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. His Majesty's Australian Ship.

HTV High velocity. USA Headquarters. HQETO.150 BRITISH. Royal Artillery. HQMA HQSOSETO. European Theater of Operations. U. USA). Base Area. . Infantry (tank). Army. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. HRS Haenschel. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . HQBA Headquarters. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Hard strength brass (or bronze). Medium Artillery. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. USA Headquarters. High terminal velocity. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. Services of Supply. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. USA Army. European Theater of Operations. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. S. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). HSB High speed launch. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. U. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. IARO Indicated air speed. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. HSL Viscous mustard gas. Army Service Forces. S. Headquarters. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. U. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). European Theater of Operations. S. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. inspection aircraft.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). HV Heavy. HQ HQASFETO. "I" Intelligence Officer. Headquarters. Headquarters. HQRA Hour. Army (now HQASFETO.

Igniter's safety fuze. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Imperial Defence College. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Information or informed. Inspection Instruments. Identification friend or foe. United Kingdom. Maintenance. Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Inch. Infantry. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Instructor of Fire Control. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). . Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Imperial Chemical Industries. Indian Army (see also IA). Indian Medical Service. India or Indian. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Indicator Loop Station. Imprisonment with hard labour. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Inspection Marine Craft. Indian Hospital Corps. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Coast Artillery. Inspection Materials. Indicating Net Defence. Inspector-General. Incendiary. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Inspection.

Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Intelligence Officer. Instantaneous. Royal Engineers. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Instrument Production. Instructor (see also Instr). Inspection Stores Works. Initial Training Wing. Inspection note. India rubber vulcanized. Inspector. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Inter Service Information Series. Inspection Stores or Instructor. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Installations. Joint Intelligence Committee. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. type A. Irish Republican Army. Instructions to proceed. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Instruction for Practice Seawards. Joint Intelligence Staff. Inland Water Transport. Staff (Operations). Isle of Wight. Intelligence Officer. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Intelligence (see also I). Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Inspection Stores Engineering. Judge Advocate-General.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Initial Training School. Inspector. Royal Artillery. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. . Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication.

King's Norton Solution. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Light automatic or lead azide. Pound (monetary unit). Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Knight of the Thistle. 17th/21st Lancers. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Legal Branch Officer. Kilocycles. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. Knight of St. Light anti-aircraft. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). Michael and St. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Knight of the Garter. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. 16th/5th Lancers. Knight. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Kensington Regiment. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Junkers. Patrick. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). . Ethyliodoacetate. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. Junction. King's Harbour Master. George.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. Kite Balloon Section. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Knight Commander of the Order of St. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Light Aid Detachment. King's Regulations.

Landing craft barge (dumb). Pound. Landing craft support (medium). Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft flak. Lance-Bombardier. Leader. Labour or light bomber. Lead dinitroresorcinate. breech mechanism. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Local apparent time. Landing craft assault. Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. . Landing craft personnel (large). Landing craft support (large). Landing craft flak (barge). Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Lance-Corporal. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Lift and force (pump). Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft infantry (large). Landing craft support (small). Lower Establishment Division. Pounds per horsepower hour. Landing craft support (barge).154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Lever. Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft tanks. Landing. navigational. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Landing craft personnel (medium). Low frequency. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Latitude (see also L). Leicestershire Yeomanry. Landing craft personnel (ramped). Land Defence Force. Landing craft.

LP Lord Privy Seal.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LHA Local hour angle (east). Lovat Liquid oxygen. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Lothians Lovat Scouts. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. LS Landing ship dock.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). LH Local hour angle. Logarithm. Light machine gun. LO Left out of battle. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). LMG Local mean time. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LSD Landing ship (gantry). LHA(E) Library. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LGA Limbered general service wagon. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. Loyals Low power or local purchases. LMT Longitude (see also Long). Long The Lothian and Border Horse. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LR London Rifle Brigade. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LRB Long Range Desert Group. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LPS Light railway(s). LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire).

Supply Service. Landing ship infantry (medium). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Landing ship infantry (large). Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies..156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Low temperature annealing. Long wave. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Low temperature treatment. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. . Landing ship (stern). Master-at-arms. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. (See LSgt). Link Training Instructor School. Light warning (portable). Landing ship (personnel). Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Low velocity. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Light. Medical Branch Officer. Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Low water ordinary spring tide. Military Air Defence System. Landing ship infantry (small). Low tension (voltage). Local Technical Committee. Lieutenant-General. Light warning (vehicle). Left Section. Magazine or magnetic. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Motor Ambulance Convoy. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Landing Zone. Lieutenant-Colonel.

Mine Depot or message-dropping.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. MCS Mine Control Station. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Motor anti-submarine boat. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. MCH Maximum ceiling height. Mech Med Medium or medical. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Member of the Order of the British Empire. Middle East or military engineering. Met or MET . Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. Manager of Engineering Department. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. MD MDG Medical Director-General. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. md Mean difference. Medical Advance Station. Manning Depot. Major-General (see also MG). mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). Major. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. Megacycles. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. Motorcycle. The Manchester Regiment. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Motorcycle machine gun.

Military Mounted Police. Motor gunboat. Military Foot Police. Major-General. Major-General. Major-General. Miles in the hour (speed). Mine laying aircraft. Mineral jelly. model). Manual of Field Engineering.. Military Intelligence Officer. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Method of filling. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Minute. Military Forwarding Officer. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Mark (i. Military Foreman of Works. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military Field Photographic Section. Master of the Fleet. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Major-General in charge of Administration. Ministry of Home Security. Medium machine gun. Mobile or mobilisation. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Royal Artillery. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Medium frequency. Military. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. e. .158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Mobile Veterinary Section. General Staff. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Military Intelligence Service. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter.

Medical Officer of the Guard. Meritorious Service Medal. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Mine-Sweeping Group. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Mounting. Miles per gallon. Medical Technical Orders. Maintenance Unit. Motor torpedo boat. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Ministry of Works and Buildings. MTSD MU my or MV . Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Mean sea level. . screws. Motor or motorized. Muzzle velocity. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Message picking up. Two-man torpedo boat. and bolts. Military Provost Staff Corps. Nuts. Military Training Pamphlet. Mounted. Mountain. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Medical Receiving Station. Main Supply Depot. Mortar. Material Production Liaison Officer. Military Personnel Research Committee. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants).159 Ministry of Supply. Mean' point of burst.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Miles per hour. Metres per second. Machineable quality.

Non-auto frettaged. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Naval Control Service Officer. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Non-delay. Nitrocellulose. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Natural Navigation. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Newfoundland. Army and Air Force Institutes. Non-ferrous metals. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Not fair hit. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Navigation Instruction Officer. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). No break (contact). Naval Equipment Depot.) Sea Lord. National Defence Research Committee. Netherlands East Indies.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Non-Combatant Corps. Non-Comissioned Officer. etc. Nursing Auxiliary Service. . Naval Control Service Instructions. Minor War Signal Station. Northeast. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Navy. Naval Aid to (1st. NFP Night-fighter plotting. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Nitrocellulose tubular. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available.

Naval Exchange. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. National Rifle Association. North Irish Horse.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. . contrary to regulations). The Northamptonshire Regiment. Naval Officer-in-Charge. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Flashless propellant. Naval Law Branch. Northwest. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. New Zealand. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Nautical miles. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). Naval Land Equipment. Naval Liaison Officer. Normal temperature pressure. Nobel rim neonite. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Not in vocabulary (stores. Night trace flame trace. Not known. particularly clothing. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Number. No sound back. Nose instantaneous. Naval Ordnance Department. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Naval Transport Officer. Nitroglycerine. Night reconnaissance. Nose instantaneous rod. Not recorded. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. North Somerset Yeomanry. Not timed or night tracer.

Officer Commanding. Observer Officer (see also 00). Out of service. On His Majesty's Service. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Oblique photographs. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Officer of the Watch. Royal Army Service Corps. Officer Commanding.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Open (reconnaissance code). Officer of the Day. Observation post. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Divisional Signals. Operations (see also Ops). Officer Commanding. Operation or operating or operator. Ordnance Field Park. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Ordnance Depot. Officer Commanding. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). . Royal Marines. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Board. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Officer (see also 0). Overseas Liaison (Officer). Officer of the Guard or ogival. Officer Cadet Training Unit. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Observation. Officer-in-charge. Officer Keeper. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment.

Operational Photographic Unit. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. . The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Paragraph or parachute. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Operational Training Unit. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. at 0 feet. Oxford. Pathology. Officers' Training Corps. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Parachute and cable. Ordnance. Plastic Armour Officer.. Other Ranks Training Unit. Parachute troops. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Over water (proof of projectiles). Parliamentary Private Secretary. Passive air defence. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. Official use. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. e. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Observed velocity (i. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Organise or Organisation. Operational Research Section. Parliamentary Secretary. muzzle velocity). Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation).ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations.

Pounder (see also por and PR). Photographic Officer. Telephone (see also tel). 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Petrol (gasoline). Production Engine Accessories. Postogram. Public House (Inn). Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Production Development Executive. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Production Development Station. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Pigeon.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Principal Establishment Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Port Detachment. Provisional condemning (limit). Phosphorus. Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Partial detonation or projectile development. Park. Infantry Anti-Tank. Physical. Production. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Proof and Experimental Officer. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Period delay mechanism. Canadian and American. Photograph or photographic or photography. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Projector.

Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Post Office. Petrol Railhead. Provost. Paymaster-in-Chief. Principal Officer. Pioneer. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Principal Military Landing Officer. Merchant Marine. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Public Relations Branch. Principal Private Secretary. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Plain language. oil. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. and lubricants. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Pilot Officer. Position line. Publications Liaison Officer. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. . Petrol (gasoline). Regimental Institutes. Phonogram. Petrol Point or picric powder. Powder metal-lined (case). Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Port of London Authority.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Press and Publicity Officer. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Position. Paymaster. Principal Medical Officer. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). President.

Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Pick-up truck. Pay. Please turn (page) over. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Paper. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Graduate. Private. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Paravane. Pyrotechnics. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Publication. Post War Signals Station. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Point. Police War Reserve. Quadrant elevation. Quick firing or decoy fire. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Physical Training Officer. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Military Staff College. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. fine. Postogram. Housing signal. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Porton. Physical Training. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. . Proprietory. white. Graduate. Printing and Stationery Service. Prisoner(s) of War.

Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Light decoy. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Royal Army Pay Corps. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Air Force. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Army Ordnance Services. Royal Army Chaplains' Department. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Royal Artillery Survey. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Artillery School of Survey. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Regimental Aid Post. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Quarter-Master-General. Royal Australian Navy. Radio acoustic. Queen's Westminsters. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr).ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Supplies. Range and direction as deflected. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Queen Victoria Rifles. Royal Army Medical Corps. Range and accuracy. Royal Australian Air Force. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Regulations.

Research Development Photographic Equipment. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. picrate 55. Repair Depot. carbamite 3.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Road junction. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Radio counter measures. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. Remote Control Office. Research Development Marine Craft. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Research Development (Naval). Royal Canadian Air Force. Research Development Instruments. Relief Driver Increment. Regional Development Officer. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Research Development Communications. . Research Development Engines. Royal Canadian Navy. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Aircraft. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). NC 21. Road or round (of ammunition). Research Development Armaments. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Royal Cartridge Department.

Royal Garrison Artillery. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft).) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Regiment or regimental. Reference. Recovery. Retired.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. etc. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Reserve. . Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Research Development Technical Investigation. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. etc. Reinforcement (see also rein). Royal Filling Factory. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Reference Point A (B. C. Regulating or regulation. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Representative. Range. Royal Gun Factory. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Rifleman. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. C. Registry. Royal Field Artillery. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command).) (reconnaissance code). River Emergency Service. Recruiting Centre. Reconnaissance float plane.

Regimental Headquarters. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Reserve of Officers. Royal Marine Signal Officer.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Railway (see also Ry). Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Raw Materials Depot. Royal Naval Division. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Royal Naval Officer. Rockets. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Indian Navy. Royal Navy. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Royal Naval Reserve. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Royal Military College. River (reconnaissance code). Royal New Zealand Air Force. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Render inert mechanism. Royal Observer Corps. green. Royal Naval Barracks. Rendering mines safe. signal. Russian Liaison Group. . Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Indian Army. Railway Operating Division (RE).

Royal Tank Corps. . Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Small Arms Factory. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. The Royal Ulster Rifles. Rendezvous. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Regimental Starting Point. Regimental Sergeant-Major. The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Right Honourable. Range table muzzle velocity. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Research Technical Publications. Regimental Survey Officer. The Royal Sussex Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Research Report. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Radio Production (Technical). Radio Research Board. Royal Corps of Signals. Rounds per gun. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Repeated. Radio Production (Supplies). Range table. Royal Scots Fusiliers. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Radio Production (American). The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Returned Stores Depot. (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion).

Small Arms School. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Railway Telegraph. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Single-axle drive. Small arms rifle grenade. South African Irish Rifles. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Small box-girder (bridge). Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Society of Automotive Engineers. capped. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Salvage. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Shilling (monetary unit). South African Engineer Corps. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Small bomb container. Squadron Artillery Officer. South African Air Force. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Senior British Naval Officer. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Small Arms School Corps. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Shipping advice and delivery note. Standard ballistic limit. Short aerial mine.

Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Propellant name. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Scottish Horse. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Staff Duties and Training Section. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. NC 50. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Signal Distributing Officer. Corps Medium Artillery. Security Officer. carbamite 9. Smoke Curtain Installation. Siding (reconnaissance code). Superintending Civil Engineer. . Staff Duties. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Royal Artillery. Supply Dropping Point. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Second-in-command. Slow-burning explosive. Section (see also X). Sub-Contracting Production.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Special despatch rider. approximate composition: NG 41. Single-engine fighter. The Duke of Albany's). Sector Control Officer (RAF). Signals. Signal Equipment Design. Stores Depot. Self-destroying tracer. Staff Captain. Second or security. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast.

Signal Officer. Signal.- . (See Sgt. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Super-Heavy Artillery School.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Senior Gas Adviser. Signals. Shropshire Yeomanry." which is official in the Royal Air Force. Shrapnel. Secret Intelligence Service. Sulphurless fine grain. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Signals or Communications Officer. Special issue.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. is frequently used. Sine. Searchlight Directing Station. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). but the spelling "sergeant. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Searchlight emplacement. Senior Intelligence Officer. Sergeant. Sheet. Searchlight Commander. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Service Flying Training School. Steam gunboat. Situation Report. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Signalman. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness).

Superintendent of Mine Design. Testing device for RAF recruits. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Sound locator. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Supply Landing Point. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Scientific Liaison Officer. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Senior Organisation Officer. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). School of Artillery. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Organisation and Methods Division.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Superintendent of Experiments. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Secretary. Senior Medical (e. Staff Officer. . The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Submarine (see also Sub). Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Physical Training. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Secretary of State or School of Survey. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. School of Aeronautical Engineering. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Naval Officer Landing. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. School of Military Engineering. Senior Military Adviser. Staff Officer (Liaison). Searchlight laying.' Selected Military) Officer. Signal Operations Instructions.

Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Royal Artillery. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Royal Engineers. Senior Officer. Signalling projector. Ship-born. Staff Sergeant. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Support. Single-seater fighter. . Sector Searchlight Commander. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Single shot. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Squadron. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Supply Refilling Point. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Royal Marines. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Squadron Officer. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Stocks and Storage. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Senior Officers' School. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Sapper (engineer). Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Staff Officer. Special Duties Officer.

Survey (see also SV). Standard time. The East Surrey Regiment. Staffordshire Yeomanry. . Supply. The South Staffordshire Regiment. The South Wales Borderers. The Suffolk Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). Station. Small Vessels Pool. Seater. Slightly unsteady. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Switchboard. Statistics and Planning. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. Strategical reconnaissance. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Sepoy. Supply Officer. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Super-sonic telegraphy. Supply Depot. Submarine (see also S/M). Special Vehicle Development Committee. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Supply Point. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Standard wire gauge.

Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Territorial Army Allowances. U. Tangent. Engineer Officer. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Twin-engine fighter. True air speed. Technical or technician. The Adjutant-General. Thames Ammunition Works. Technical Detachment. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Administrative training. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Text-Book of Gunnery. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Test and Development Establishment. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Torpedo Development Unit. Tank Delivery Squadron. Tail delay 2 seconds. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Twin-engine bomber. Tank Delivery Regiment. Tank Board.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Traffic Control Post. Tentacle. Tactical Control Officer. Tank Committee Liaison. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Tactical reconnaissance. A. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Armament Officer. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Track (reconnaissance code). Trench (reconnaissance code). Territorial Army Nursing Service. Tank Design Liaison. S.

Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Trailer. S. Tail instantaneous. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Tail instantaneous. Technical Maintenance Officer. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Temperate land scheme. Troop or Transport. Time of origin. Tank (see also Tnk). Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. TNT beeswax. Town gas main. Time of receipt. Thompson machine carbine. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Torpedo and mine. Transportation (see also tpt). Time of flight. Tank (see also Tk). teletype). Target. sensitive. Teleprinter (U. Target moving (reconnaissance code).ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Telescope identification. Telegraph or telegraphic. Threads. Time fuze. . Tower Hamlets Rifles. Tank Production Armour (code). Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Training Manual. Time of despatch. Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Time of burning. Telephone exchange. Time handed in. Tests of elementary training. Tactical exercise without troops.

Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. United Kingdom. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. percussion. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Tube. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Unit Equipment Table. Trumpeter or transporter. e. Their Royal Highnesses. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Universal call (switchboard).180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Temperate sea scheme. small arm. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Twin-seater fighter. Telecommunications Valve Committee. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Troops. Transported.. Underwater electrode potential. Terminal velocity. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Trooper. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Tank Supply Liaison. Tank War Office Liaison. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Unexploded Bomb Committee. Signal Officer. . Training. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Torpex. Union Defence Force. Goods trucks (i.

United States or unsteady start. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. given either written or verbally (i. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Vulcanized in rubber. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Vickers diamond hardness. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Veterinary Evacuating Station. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. orally) to signaller. Vehicle. Veterinary (see also V). Unexploded bomb. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Vice-Admiral Commanding. Valves for Oliphant. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Unit Landing Officer. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Message of which no record is kept. .ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Victoria Cross. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Unserviceable (see also U). Vickers-Bertheir. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Very mild explosion.. Very low frequency. e. Variable elevation beam. Visual indicating equipment. Volume moisture. Verbal (i.. oral). Viceroy Commissioned Officer. e. Vertical interval. Very high frequency. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE).

Wing Commander. electric. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . War Establishment Table(s). Wing. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Velocity/pressure. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Wireless electrical mechanic. sealing. Warning telephone. Wing Artillery Officer. Veterinary Officer. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. War Establishment Committee. Visual telegraphy. Vulnerable point or vent. The Welch Regiment. Vent. Investigation Section. Wing Officer. or percussion (tube). Warships (reconnaissance code). carbamite 6) or west or watch. Watch correction or water closet. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Woolwich adjusted charge. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Volunteer Reserve. NC 65. 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Week ending. War Establishment(s). Vertical photograph (or photography). Velocity of adjustment. Warwickshire Yeomanry. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Vickers pyramid number (hardness). Visual signalling. Western Approaches Tactical Unit. With effect from. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. War Department.

The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). White phosphorus. Weapon training.. Wireless Operator Unit. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). The Worcestershire Regiment. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. g. Class 1 (2). Cross road(s). Explosive(s) or section(s). Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). Women's Royal Naval Service. Signifies experimental failure. 9g.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. Wireless School. Wagon Line Officer. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). e. Yorkshire Hussars. Women's Land Army. carbamite 2).ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Propellants and charges. Yorkshire Dragoons. Extended Defence Officer. Warrant Officer.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Yard. War Office or Warrant Officer. . War Intelligence Committee. M/Je. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value).. Yard(s) (e. War Registry. 1. Works. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. Women's Voluntary Service. Withdrawn and replaced. Warships Production Superintendent. NC 65. Workshop. Expanded metal. The York and Lancaster Regiment.

Zone watch. . Zone position indicator. Wireless Interception Service.184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). Lead azide and CE. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). True azimuth (clockwise from the north).

In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. at the end. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. Anywhere . usually means Officer or Order. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . which is. may indicate a plural form. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. factories. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). at the end. however. at the end of an abbreviation. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. usually indicated by s. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. at the end.ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. often means development or design or defence or Department.

.

etc. ciphers." (2) "Secret. Tables of Organization." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). or forecasts of manpower. 187 -. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare.. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- . such as code words. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. (5) (6) War sider I U. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. etc.Appendix A." (3) "Security. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. CATEGORIES a. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1." b. Other matters. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. discussions on new types of weapons.13 S. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret.. (5) "Not to be published. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category.

The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. e. location lists. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. (2) Ciphers. whenever possible. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. For example. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. etc. and orders of battle. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated.. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. d. .

All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification.... ------. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line... the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces.. military training pamphlets. 3..-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- ." Confidential" …l... ---. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification.. BRITISH AND U. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda.. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U. S.. 2.. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded. S. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification...... security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------.."-" "Secret" . .. and other documents of a military nature.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally.. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession.

Appendix B. 2. maps and are designated by representative fractions.. S.. Large ---------. when it was superseded by the Modified British System.720. 1: 253. 190 .440 . They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary... Large ---------1: 40.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.----------..000 ---------------. medium-1:62.63.. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.1: 633. maps.500.--. intermediate-1:125. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales..000 and 1:100.i: 1-.. 1. Standard .. Within the British Isles. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927. I inch to I mile .Small.Small.000.. S. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U.--------------. 3.-----. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.-. Actually U. Small ---------.. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500.-.000 and 1:250. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----..000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.600 .. S. . but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.--------------Intermediate....Large. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile . Small ------------1: 126. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.. ¼inch to I mile -..000 -----------------Large. MAPS 1.. .360 -----I------------Medium.-..000.. 1: 20. S.

Every tenth line is thickened. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. military grid maps. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. (2) Use. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. U. east and west.APPENDIX B 191 scales. Q. M. . The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. P. S. thus making large squares identical in size. and R." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. British System (1) Description. this being called "ceasting. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates.000 map series of Great Britain. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. b. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. Q7506. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. L. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example.

each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters).192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge.-British System grid. . Thus the point P. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. The easterly coordinate is always given first. 6).': omitting the letter "I" (fig. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. These squares are again subdivided.) c.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. Modified British System (1) General. in the small square 21. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . each of which is designated by a letter. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. (2) Description. is repeated every 50 kilometers. 5). is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters).-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. in the large lettered squares. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. 0 30 Figure 5.

(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map.ia. L M NW ____ .{--{wa'r I T .\ . every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened. and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.___ °.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1. every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. JV :. .' W X " ! Figure 6. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares. Modified British System.-Grid lettering..Z ..

3 units east and 3.5 units north of the point of reference. it may be described as the point of reference.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. 5 I Figure 7. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. in 10-kilometer units. without unduly obscuring the detail. and its reference is therefore vH 6335. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. (4) Y inch to I mile map. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in .-Modified British System grid. 0--f 0 . 1 inch to 10 miles moap. The number denotes the distance. It lies in square vH. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies.

the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. namely. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses.-Modified Figure British System grid.-On maps of these scales. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. (v)H 6335. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.-Modified British System grid.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. inch to mile mp. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. 4 inch to I mile map. since there is no possibility of duplication. . Figure 8.

1 inch to I mile map. on any grid line denotes. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. Figure 9. this time in kilometer units. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. to the (false) . in smaller print. and to every tenth number is added. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. 59 270 O 69 6867 . In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L .-Modified British System grid.

3 units east and 67. Thus. in figure 9. the point Q is 53. . Its reference is therefore 533675. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.5 units north of the point :of reference. but this is not normally necessary. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system.

S. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. O for Orange. N. W for William. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). D. U. I. V. H.) See also FM 24-10. "Two: T for Toc. M. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28.Appendix C. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. K. 198 . Z. E. B. 1943). L. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. for example.1 2. P. followed by the phonetic spelling. Procedure" (January 20. X.-British radio procedures. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. J. Q. O. C. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. G. 1942. the word itself is first spoken." b. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. W. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. F. Y. R. T.

I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. W= ) . 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun". .Six _"Ate" ---._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. 22. 7.Two ---"Foer" _..Eight FORM -------. 33.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___.4 ___I___1 l. 8. S.--"Six" Five . I ._ _. .Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. 9. :usage except for-numbers such as 11. For instance. 1. --.1 _ _ _1 DUG.0iSi Figure 10.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. Ioigure .)t." etc. . 199 of numbers is similar to U.- . 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-. 4. 2.R._ ----.APPENDIX C . MESSAGE AND RU . 6..Owe "Wun" ____ -_..O. Z44101.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--. 3.. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. etc. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0.H.-British message blank (reduced from original size). I10NS OUT . 5. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). _"Sei-en" ---._W 1 PG._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR.

Six.. VI. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box.. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. p. Wun. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e.200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . Owe. Fife Niner. .... (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. . It may consist of plain language. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. thus giving instructions regarding cipher.. Owe . Niner. Owe . Ate -... Wun Six .. cipher. if any. or "stop. 93). to which reference is being made." c. Wun. . O-w-e...-. Foer . Six. 1. . or code. . Too. A period. Wun . Sev-en --. Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. December 7 is written 7)." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. g.. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10.. par.

H. Any other instiuction." may be put in this space.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. if any. and local time). I. is given. "Ack" is written at the end of the text.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures. . Signal officers may use this priority. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. showing in detail which officers may use each priority. (T. 2 Priority lists. are issued by the General Staff. such as "To await arrival. Immddiate for messages of special importance. By commanders and senior staff officers.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs.= time handed in. In the case of a phonogram. (a) "Written message" procedure. For routine messages. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. T. or may be sent as a phonogram. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used.-There are several procedures in use. d. R. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel.= time of receipt. _ By any officer. _-----. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. No indication------For messages of minor importance. O.By regimental commander or senior staff officers.

-The message is sent straight through. (c) "F" method. "very strong. reply. strength 9.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. (2) Methods of transmission.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. "fair". or cannot.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. strength 7.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure. e." . This is used for quick questions and answers. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message. no answers being given. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable". "good". strength 6. (d) "G" method. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. (e) "DC" method. This method is used when the receiver must not.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. (b) "SR" (send replies) method.

. CONVERSION TABLES 1.50 cents. and d. 399 (December 9. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. now exchanges for about $4. 5/-) ----------------------$1. a stever)__ 6 cents. 2/6) (two and six.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. British U. and 6 pence. abbreviated £. 203 . 6 cents.. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. Florin-2 shillings (2s. 6d. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------.. Silver coins: Threepence (3d.. a tanner. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2.. shilling.." or "thrup'ny bit".035 per British pound ster4ing. Sixpence (6d..00 in U. £5 and up.) ("thrup'nce." or "thrup'ny bit". Shilling-12 pence (Is. Larger denominations of pound notes..50..00..) ("thrup'nce. s. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. 1942)...) ---------------------------------2 cents. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. 1 shilling. a stever) --------------.. Threepence (rare) (3d. See WD Circular No. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. S. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates.) ("sixp'nce".' The table of equivalents given below.. meaning 2 pounds. currency. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. I The official rate authorized between the U. S.00. S. ... Prices are usually written in pounds. CURRENCY a. Halfpenny (¼2d. General The pound sterling. or a kick) -----------12 cents.. however. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4. and pence.Appendix D. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s... Penny (ld.

. _ . i shilling. .. Expensive articles such as furniture. such as a guinea. I thousand billions (1..3 1 statute mile -----------------------.000. 1 hundredweight (cwt. whereas the U. or cental) is 100 pounds. which is equal to 1 pound... the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).000.0.) -----------.. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence. 1 trillion (1..204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. Differences The following differences between British and U.. orthousandmillions (1...000 pounds. . J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds.000) -------------_ 1 trillion. 2. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence.") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds). half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). precious stones..000.. S... I imperial bushel -------------------1.7. S..000.. long (20 long cwt.2 liquid quarts. are usually priced in guineas. 1 milliard. 11. automobiles. long -------------112 pounds.000) ----1 quintillion...000.______ 2.bushels...000.000.000)___ 1 quadrillion.000.000. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2. a 1 ton. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. 1..--------weigh 175 pounds.. . or 20 short cwt.03 pecks. whereas the U.000)__ 1 billion. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" .. etc. ton (short ton.). Thus. I imperial peck 1. hundredweight (short hundredweight.000.. S.. jewelry.) is 2..000.. below): British United Slates J. I imperial gallon _---------.032 dry quarts.240 pounds.1 mile. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. 1 billion (1.000..000.240 pounds. _ . when an article sells for a guinea. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f.000. 1 shilling. 1.

it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower.4D 2 N. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). . all of which are similar. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals .7.APPENDIX D 205 b. as in the United States. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. The brake horsepower formula. but such a ratio is incorrect. However. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. 2 3 3 . In some tables of equivalents. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34.5.1416. which is normally used in the United States." horsepower. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. For example. Horsepower In Great Britain. S.

4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. Gasoline. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. and Water4 (1) Formulas.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. . (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. Oil. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds.

973 1.APPEINDIX P 207 d.02 . but because the earth is not a perfect sphere. 667 1 10. 000 126.5 1. 515 1 73. 120 . or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 168 .157 15. 10. 360 39.578 1. 223 8. 000 .15155 statute miles.4735 25.0273 1. 500 .248 meters.01 126.7600 . 367 2 1. 2M.54 I The geographical. 1529 1.3333 20.000 1.25 . 578 1.920 792 72 39.0317 .000 100 B4t 9 4.5 2 1.901 1.4224 . 280 .8 1. S.0211 . 537 160.1 M.367 2.1584 .080 feet (1. 440 250. 34 . .25 15.946 3.92 1 185. s2 109 200 .3946 . 280 49. 000 200. 000 190.0789 2.2 25 .8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 000 4.5 1.792 .2112 .8 1 1.000 . 1 M. 2 80 880 1.67 15.005 1.57 23.1333 . 8 16 110 201. 560 ..Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. ms to m . 240 . 333 3. nautical.000 20.025 36 .2112 3. 720 125.Kilo. 891 6.5 . 855. 78 11. 470 10 18.1578 5.6313 31. 500 .025 . 000 400.0422 .0845 . 946 4 4.7891 . 6 3. 267 1. 2.3333 . 48 20. 23 1.4224 1.112 3 2.6 2.0127 .027.1267 .829 2 6 1 1.014.3168 .3. 313 6 667 7.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92. 1. 3 M. 760 5. 1.4 2 .12 22 66 1 1. 600 500. 1. 1 6.184 .0395 1.Stat. 080 150.15: 5 . 000 633.44 30.7891 42. several different values are in use.2367 12.0634 .3946 21.014 . 71 546.0833 . 891 9. 029.224 .6 .25 1. 25.5 30.2. 2 220 660 I 11 20. 046 63.267 . and is called the Admiralty mile.6336 1.853. 000 253. 4 .72 .609.12 2.1 .05 . 2.853.1267 .0528 12 67 .6336 -. 012 183 100 91. 534 . 000 . Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.5. 157 . 336 1 4 3.25 3 . 000 100.0667 1 .971 1.3 1.317 . 344 4 .000 .2534 .75 63.625 1.05 25. 37 36 12 7. 750. 281 1 3 1 9. Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.5 6.1578 . 94 -20 40 56. 370 7. 000 75.0079 e. 000 .2534 2. 223 1 1.680 .1 12 .3333 . 4 2.0 yards.9864 50. 36 .longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.2 meters). 336 . 0936 3. 280. . 5 1. 263 1.5 5261 6667 . 1584 .0333 . 087.000 . 1. 5 3.4 . 13 47.2 . 000 80. . 4 M.157 3 2.0176 63. 000 .2 .6667 40. 313 5 4.0158 500 .84 10 7. 35 31. 21 600 of a great circle of the earth. 360 1 62.0158 . 117 2.168 3 2:534 2. 91 63. 971 491.584 .20 feet (1. 000 .1056 6. 735 5 6.4. that of the U. British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.25 1 8 . 000 . 840 .093.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .672 . 000 316. 934 100.3168 2. 800 300.85325 kilometers).735 4 3.5069 .6093 8 1 4. 8554 9. 000 78.

001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76.-Square meters.------....451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ....Foot-pounds -....097 28 .1.76 Gallons -----------Liters -4.-..8 3.-Meters per second .. Feet per second...227 3.. 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------.002 02 14..000 948 1055...... 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -.... ...08 746. 0 Inches --------------------. .. -. Centimeter .06 ...British thermal units per .. .. ... Meters--. ..Meters .155 Square centimeters --0--.186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -.211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons.. 04 . _ ..387 .453 59 2. Meters per second -... Cubic centimeters_ .. K.. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------.. Feet per minute 54. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX....892 8 1.Meters per second_ ... 35 PoundK ----------.. 1.36 second.039 37=inches.. 25...205 .986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550..867 4 645. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal ... 000 948 1055... 288 Meters per minute .. Ounces______-_..... . 78 .013 15 Horsepower---------.011 363 6 88...97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----........3862 Square kilometersSquare .7646 Grains -----------------.-K.984 2 Ounces 35. ..-----------.---...-.4=millimeters. 238 8 4. 432 Grams -...986 1...---.....681 82 1. 16.621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.. 4 ....0833 12.-...016 .47 ... .K--Kilograms..568 1..000 376 8 Kilowatts -.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------. --. 50...830 Horsepower -------.014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -.070 31 Pounds per square inch meter.013 85 .0377 36...304 8 3. Hectares_ Acres ..0547 18.447 2.... I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second. .. 85 Meters per second.068 03 14.22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.152 ..--... . 508 1.------. .0 Feet per minute.0 ..-....36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------.061 Cubic inches--Liters -. Quintals_ ..340 3 .-----.028 32 35..913 33 . -. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1.08 Horsepower--------.236 9 Miles per hour-.001 340 3 Watts -----. ...Grams -.....03527 .. .-.._---.... 802 ..... Horsepower (metric)'l-.-... 223 _ ilograms per square centi. U..-.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1.001 3403 746.. Kilograms .280 8 Yards -.04 ...------1... .. --Inch_ -. 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . ..-.0164 61... 304 . 2654.-.. Miles per hour..018 288 Feet per minute --..914 4 1..---0648 15.005 08 196.907 2 1.16 ..---.0 Feet------------------------Meters. ..02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496..197 Pints -------------------------Liters ...----------Feet per second -..8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1.________. Horsepower ...161 6.Gram calories -..405 2...27 ....12 .... 68 ..-..---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.308 .----------------Watts -. ........ 0254 39. 0 .. _'_1.. Atmospheres--------...------...6 6.----.5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters .....087 feet)-.28...621 37 Kilometers per hour -... 764 Cubic inches .0 Cubic feet _...609 3 .-Kilometers per hour... 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1.019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . Watt-hours . 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1... ...092 9 10.609 34 .'466 7 Feet per second .589 miles-..06 2....208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f. 3937 2. S 1....Cubic meters_-----------------_ ....746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25..546 .--------------Miles per hour ------.

British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ . o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .APPENDIX D 209 :.

RR oG L h.erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 . PRNTG GOER.~~~~U GERNMN S. British Protractor--Rev.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I . < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o ...210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:.

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