Army itlihfar>risiory insWis
U6 5 no . I
L SERIES, NO. 13
MAY 15, 1943
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2
UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
PRBVERM OF U;S X
REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY
AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,
SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --
1 2 64 80 83
a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----
84 ..85 85
a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.
--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------
86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92
VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------
1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--
a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III
93 93 94 94
b.. FORMATIONS. 7... d.. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ . c.. ----96
98 -_______-. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e.-
a. Army Air Corps --------------------i. Supporting Arms-.. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107
--SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____
.. AND SERVICES-Continued. APPOINTMENTS. 104 h. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.. General --------------------------98 b. Departmental Corps ----------------104
4. a... STAFF. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b. 6..General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__.-101 g. of Royal Engineers (.. Page 1.. e. g. i. f.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----. HEADQUARTERS.. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter ..... h. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c.. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------.... REGIMENTS AND CORPS a..--. Household Cavalry ----------------d.
Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps
Armoured Corps (RAC) -------.. Regiment of Artillery (RA) . Headquarters and Formations-Con.IV
CONTENTS VI... Infantry of the Line -.Master . Appointments ----------------------d..----_ ------_----
105 105 .....______3.
5.. 100 f. Services --95
200 201 201 202 202 203
------.... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION ---------------
187 187 188 188 188
2..------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-. "Secret"_-. MAPS ------------....__-. Sending a Message __...-____-_.. S.__.
General ----... Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D.--a.
B...... Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---..... -.. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-....CONTENTS
V Page ..... Origin -----------------------..... GENERAL---____-_--..--. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS
1. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1.---------1...
Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------
c. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -...._____-. d... Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. SCALES--__.......2.1. b.----------------187
Appendix A. b.. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---.___ b.___-------------_ e. ----
a.-__-. GENERAL--______________________. STANDARD PROCEDURES
191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198
198 198 198
a.---__ ------------_ 2....-----------
3.. General -----------_____--------b.
a. c.. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____
..__-... BRITISH AND U... C.... CONVERSION TABLES --------------------. British System -------_______ ----
190 190 191
(1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c.______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-.
Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. Modified British System grid. Differences ------------------------b. Modified British System grid. U. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10.. Modified British System grid. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g.VI
D. S. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. British Protractor-Reverse ----------
204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210
2. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________
a. British System grid --------------------------------6. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. Horsepower -------------------------c. U._194 195 196 199
. U. British message blank (reduced from original size) -----
5 10 39 97 192 193 . Modified British System ----------------. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. 4. Grid lettering. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi-
nology) -------------------------------2. 7. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5.. Gasoline. S. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. S. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. Oil.. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued.
and British officers. S. for example. However. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation.
. S. INTRODUCTION
British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. ton. military terms are given with their British equivalents. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. S. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. In the lists which follow. S. and the U. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section.Section I. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. common U. Since new forms are constantly appearing. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. troops. gallon. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. battery do not have the same connotations for U.
or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. 97). or of funds. Responsible officer. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. S. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. platoons. S. Accompanying artillery. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence.-Absent from post or duty. p.
United States Absent without leave (AWOL). the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. For example. S.-Single batteries. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. U. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces.Section 11. Accountable officer. etc. Where a U. rather. functional term has no British equivalent. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage.
. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS
The following glossary contains common U. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. military terms with their definitions. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. (see fig. 4.
. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. Adilressee.
Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. salvage. usually issued by divisions and higher units.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. and evacuation. personnel management. Administration.) Advance.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. transportation. Same. straggler line. (See also Combat orders. and other allied subjects. such as supply and evacuation installations. or both. Same. rear echelon.-An order covering administrative details. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. evacuation.
Same or administration map. Administrative map. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. military governmrent. Same. main supply road(s).-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. traffic control. censorship. burials.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. such as traffic. Adlninistrative order. train bivouacs.-When unqualified. quartering. replacements. To move forward. sanitation. To make progress in the direction of the enemy.U. usually one on a small scale. maintenance." It comprises: supply. S. construction.
Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order). graves registration. supply.-An engagement or battle. martial law. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Action. for the exercise of temporary control. computations pertaining to movements. Advance by echelon. necessary tactical details also shown. Advance by bounds.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. Same. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ
or Tac HQ or Tac). Advance command post.
-A picture taken from Aerial photograph.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps.-A term embracing Signal unit. Aerial (or air) photograph. and wire communication.-An establishment of the Medical De. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit).) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat.000). (RAP) (in the case sorting. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. Aid station. or airships.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre. tion to which the wounded are brought. signal intelligence. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. Advance section. Advance party. signal supply. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat.-Observation from bal.-Advance toward. 1.
. oblique (vertical). Agency of signal communication. the support of the advance 1. and messenger. radio. pertaining to air navigation has been added. airplanes. fig. Aerial (or air) observation. Air area. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment.Advanced guard.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. units having organic or attached observation aviation. Advance on. Van guard. and moves ahead of.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. Aerial (or air) photograph.Aerial observation.000. any kind of aircraft.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment. (See fig.-A security detachment which pre. subdivision of the communications zone.-A detachment that is sent out by. pigeon.) Aeronautical charts. sound. visual. (See cedes the main body on the march. intended primarily for use in air navigation. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers.4
BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY
United States British Advance guard.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph.) Advance message center. loons. Same.
sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1)
Direction of March
Direction of March
Advance Party (3)
or Patrol (8)
Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7)
Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5)
Rear Point (12)
Main Body (6)
L.) (7) Advanced guard. Rear guard: (9). (4) Van guard.
. (10) Main body of rear guard. (6). (11).
Figure 1.-U. (12) Rear parties of rear guard.o..
U.S. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). (8) (Same. (13) Rear guard mobile troops. REAR GUARD
Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). (5) Main guard. (3). S.S.
S. ROUTE COLUMN
-A warning system consisting of observers.
Car post (CP). or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.
. Airdrome. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. Alert.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground. Air superiority (or advantage). operating. with the necessary additional installations for servicing.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. pursuit aviation. An alarm warning. Airborne troops. Air-landing troops. including aircraft warning services. Same. and maintaining military aviation units. Vigilant. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. Ambulance loading post.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.
Air raid warning system.-A landing field. Aircraft warning service. Air superiority. arming. balloon barrages. Alternate firing position. Alinement.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition.6
Air base. antiaircraft artillery. Air defense command.
Alternative position.-A state of readiness for movement or action.
Aerodrome. information centers. Alignment.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Alternate emplacement.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed.
as a bridge. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. Approach march. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
British United States Ambulance station. The route leading to anything. any device similarly operated. installations. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. overlays. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. Antitank mine. to the point of effective small-arms fire. sketches.-A point established for the ad. also. usually in extended Same. Annexes. Antitank ditch. etc.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. or armored units. mission is employment against armored vehicles. and establishments against mechanized. forces against attack from the air. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. or air attack is encountered. sage of track-laying vehicles. to protect troops. defence Antiaircraft defense.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it.IU. graphs. Troops posted in such a position.Anti-tank ditch. be approached by an attacking force. dispositions.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. motorized.-A route by which a place or position can Same.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. employed to amplify orders and reports. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties).No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). Antitank weapons. front to rear and vice versa. charts.-Orders. It includes passive means of defense. Antitank mine field. tables.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. Approach. Appendices and traces or annexures.
.-The advance. Ambush. Antimechanized defense. To attack from such a position.. maps.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. forms. S.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)).
Local attack. Artillery preparation. it is called the "charge. and attached artillery. Same.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. platoon.
King's Regulations. company. Army Regulations. When delivered by mounted troops." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. local. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. Assault. general. Assault.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. Artillery position.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules.
United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. Artificial obstacles.
Artillery corps.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. Armored car. Assault.-To reach a designated point or line.
Same. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Arrive. they may be fixed or portable.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Armoured car.
BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Artillery with the corps. assault. section. Same. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. Armoured troops. Refers to the head of a unit. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. division.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. Armored force. Same.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. includes corps.
Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. 2. Attached unit. b. prior to or following combat. in close order. 10. Balanced stocks.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit.
Assembly position. 10. Assembly area. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement.) Unit "'under command.) (See Main supply road.
Same. (See fig. The grouping of units in areas.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. S.
Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry). Attack.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. fig. Axial road.-(Obsolete.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. p.) Attacking echelon. 2. p. Attack. Auxiliary arm.) Axis of signal communication.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong.
. Exploitation.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. No equivalent. Automatic supply. of the elements of a command." Same. The regular grouping.
British Forming up or parade (a). Normal supply.) (See
Leading troops in attack. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. continuing.
Supporting arm.-The leading echelon in attack. (See also Exploitation.-The science of the motion of projectiles. named in the direction of contemplated movement.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. forming up or concentration (b).-a. Ballistics.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule.U.
) (3) Start(ing) line (SL).
.) (9) Exploitation.10
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Regimental Objective (6)
for the 2d Battalion(5)
Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4)
<~Line of Departure
(1) Assembly position.
Figure 2. (8) (Same. (2) (Same.) (5) (Same.
(4) (Same.-U. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology). S.)
(7) Plan of attack.) (6) (Same.
000. or both. that block or restrict entrance into an area. Kit bag. No equivalent. under the control of the commander of the theater. Same. usually applied to roads.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment.U.
Same. Base reserves. Same. Same.-The position of principal resistance in defense.
Same.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. Beachhead.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone. Barrier. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. S.-A barrier of captive balloons. No equivalent. Barricade. Battle position.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20. Beach defence. Barrier tactics.-A group of obstacles. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Base area. Barracks bag.
No equivalent. fire Barrage. Base unit (or base of movement).
.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. either natural or artificial.-Prearranged on a line or lines. either stationary or moving.
Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale).-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. Balloon bed.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. Beach defense. 519636--43----2 Same. Battle map. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms.
Same. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. for the theater of operations as a whole. Base section.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port.-A map. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend.
zone of action or of an area or sector of defense.Same.Same.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. To establish a camp. letters and numerals. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). Camp.-A system of standing barrages enclos.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same. aircraft. one giving a center of impact which is over. Breakthrough. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. troops. Bound. or of Code sign.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives.Same.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. Bracket. armoured formations shelter tents. Bivouac. or military works. Beaten zone.
. Call sign. Camouflage. Boundary. A temporary location or station for troops. ings. Billets.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. Bridgehead. Bombardment aviation." Bomb-release line. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. elevations. the target." and "heavy.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. To put into camp. used for radio station identification. classes established in dumps on the beach.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same.-A signal. ing the enemy as to the existence." "medium.Same.-The difference between two ranges or Same. and the other a center of impact which is short of. or improvised shelter. ing an area.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. vancing in one of several successive moves.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. usually a group of letters. or location of material. nature.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. Same.12
Beach reserves. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. a defended area over which a bomber. Box barrage. when it strikes the ground. classified as "light.
photography. If the number of elements considered is even.
Cylinder. a powerful irritant effect. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.
Same. press dispatches. sickness. Poisonous gas. or an incendiary action. radio broadcasts.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops.
No.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. is capable of producing a toxic effect. S. Check concentrations.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. they are applied to private communications. capture.
Same. Same.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. a screening smoke. Chemical cylinder. Chemical land mine.) Chlorination. Cipher.U.
Same. Center. detailed as such. wounds.
Hutment. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration.
.-The middle point or element of a command. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties.equivalent.
No exact equivalent. discharge. and all communications.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. the right center element is considered the center element. Censorship. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Cantonment. publications. Casualties. or desertion.-A substance useful in war which.
Registration. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. Chief of Staff. Casualty agent (chemical). (See General Staff.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite.-Losses in numerical strength by death.-The senior General Staff officer.) Chemical agent.
Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. (Formerly called "hospital station. and chemicals.") Close order. pyrotechnics. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). stations.
I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). Refers to the tail of a unit.-A fuels and lubricants. construction materials. and instruments.
Same. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. will eventually belong to this corps. antitank mines. radio sets. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. such as clothing. trucks. sorted. behind the first echelon. Class I.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. tools.-The sending of messages. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME).-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. Clearing station. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Same. Clear (in the). arms. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. and coal.' Same. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). of all items. gas masks. Clear (verb). excepting those of the first echelon. such as fortification materials.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system.
Circuit diagram. Class IV. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. Casualty clearing station (CCS).
.-To pass a designated point or line.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. Circulation map. Diesel oil. Class V. such as rations and forage. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ). orders. fuel oil.
Traffic map. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. oil. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. and machinery. Petrol (gasoline). a newly formed corps.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. treated if necessary.14
BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III.
Code.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). seacoast.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. S. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. words.-A peacetime tactical com.Same. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. phrases. or numbers.-The whole area of the navigable Same.U. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.
. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping. ineluding such forward. Column. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense. placed one behind another. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. letters. Coast artillery district. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
United States British Coastal force.-A point designated for the collec.-The organization of the Coast defence force. Collecting station.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. and rear security forces as may be employed.Fortress command.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. only). flank. waters adjacent to the seacoast. Coastal frontier.-A naval force which may be organ. Coastal zone. Coastwise sea lane. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. Collecting point. Coastal frontier defense.
dictated.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms.16
TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. land. Combat orders. or any two or more of them.-Oral. Outpost. and division areas2 Combined operations.-Military intelligence produced in the field.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. covering any phase of operations in the field.
Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea.. and air forces).
Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s.
Combat outpost. Combat intelligence.-(See Unit loading. brigade group).
United States Combat echelon. Forward area. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). and supported by.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. It is divided into army. letters of instruction. and administrative orders. etc. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. g.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Cavalry. as by two or more allie§. after the outbreak of hostilities. by the Army and Navy. Field Artillery. Combat orders include field orders.) Combat zone. and a combat engineer company. corps.
Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. Combat team.
. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). Joint operations. Air Corps. Corps of Engineers. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. Combat unit loading. as the Infantry. a field artillery battalion. such as an infantry regiment.
has been issued to them. Command car. To order or exercise command. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Command. containing the lines of communication.'U. Contagious disease.
Grocery shop and store. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. the other two being combat and supply elements.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone.
Communicable disease. usually run by NAAFI). The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. other than personal equipment. and local produce store (part of an institute. which can be communicated from one person to another. Commercial loading. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. Advanced (or forward) HQ. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. ration shop. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. Commanding ground. Command post. Commissary.
Line of communications (L of C) area. the establishments of supply and evacuation.) Same.-A disease caused by germs.
. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations.
Armoured command vehicle (ACV). usually armed and armored.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. Communications zone. (See Post exchange (PX). S. No equivalent.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position.-A motor vehicle. Same. One of the essential elements of -military organization.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment.
Same. Contain. or defense. To enclose. cities.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy.18
MILIT'ARY T.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. Conferene call. Consolidationof position. on mobilization. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time.
Same. or bodies of water. Concertina wire.
Same (a and b). woods.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. for training.
Connecting file. Concealment.
trcetchor-bcarcrs. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. To restrain. Same.-a. Composite photograph. Concentration. Compartment of terrain. attack. Same.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere.
. b. Connecting group (or file. c.
No equivalent. Containing action. Company aid men.
Same. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. Multiple call.ERMINIOLOGY
Communication trench. An assembly of troops in a particular locality.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view.
Same.-To hold in place.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. massed fire (c).
To escort.-An area within the field of fire. other than the normal zone. regulating.
Counterbattery fire. To accompany for the purpose of protecting.U.
Same. Coordination. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI
EQUIVALENTS British Same. or leads toward an objective.
Observation post by day. Same.'
Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. within which a unit may be called upon to fire.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.-(See Unit loading. Controlled mosaic. Same. Control point. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions).-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers).. Same.-The act of supervising. No equivalent.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position.) Cooperation.
Vertical interval.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. and combining to gain the best results. S. Convoy unit loading. Cossack post.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. Counterattack.
. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. Same. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery). Contour interval. Contingent zone. Corridor. adjacent contours.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. Convoy.
United States Containingforce. with a single sentinel in observation.
Counterreconnaissance. or by any combination of these methods. Same.
Same. and their careful protection.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. Counterintelligence.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. Same.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system.-The summit or highest line of a ridge. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. their proper use. reconnaissance.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. to the top of the parapet.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. or provide security for.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness.20
Counterespionage.) Crest. Credit. or from the trench board.
No equivalent.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation.
Reserve supplies. Cryptographic security.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph.
Same. Cryptography. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Cover. The actual or topographical crest. Counterpreparation. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. Coverage. Same. Covering force (or detachment). To protect. or defense. Same. or any object affording such protection.
Same. attack. (See also Reserve requirements. Same. Same.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. another force or a locality.
Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). Counteroffensive.
Dead ground.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. because of intervening obstacles. Same.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. Defensive coastal area.) Day of supply. Danger space.
Daily wastage rate. or. Defence. Decision. Danger area. same (b).-The means adopted for resisting attack. sive in order to gain an objective. Dead space. Defense.-To march from a defile. one side being decisively defeated. To conduct a defensive battle.
Coast defence area. wood.
. Defensive-offensive. b. Decode.
Same.) than a regiment).-To translate a code message into ordinary language. Daily train.
TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Daily telegram. A decisive outcome of a battle. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces. Defense. or other close country into open country. The act of defending. Intention (a).-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall.
Same. Day of fire.-To maintain against force. To secure Defend.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. and inshore of.
Daily supply train. state of being defended. and later to initiating an offen.'U.-a. against attack. area. Defended locality.
Daily ration strength state.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. strength report is included.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. S.--(See Unit of fire.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day.
or sound. harbor.Same. A battle position. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified.Intermediate position. within which. or the daiiger of being considered hostile.-An attack delivered or a show of Same.-A belt of terrain. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged.22
BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY
British United States Defensive patrol method.-A form of defensive action em. Defile. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. Delaying position. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields.
.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. to the front.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. or which restricts lateral movements. be traversed only on a narrow front. Defilade. tion and fire provided by a mask. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. Deferred message. No equivalent. Defensive position. Delaying action. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size.-Protection from hostile ground observa. Defensive sea area. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy.-A position taken up for the pur.-A message whose delivery to the Same. usually including the approach to an important port. obstructions. Demonstration. bay. generally parallel Defended locality. Defensive zone. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed.-A portion of the coastal zone.Same.
Same. Depot. Detached post. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. whether actually in march or halted."
Same. Dictated order. storage. including the front and rear elements. Direct pursuit.
"In support. Pursuit. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. classification. Same. in preparation for action. Same.-To release from service.U. and forwarding of replacements.
No equivalent. Discipline. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. or for the reception.-An order delivered orally.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.-An extension of the front of a cornmand.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Directionof march. and including the envelopment thereof. Same. Direct support.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. issue.-An organized locality for the reception. Detachment.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. or salvage of supplies.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position.
Deployment.-The direction in which the base of the command.
Same. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Direct laying. Detonator.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. Deployment.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization.
Same. Depth.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. Discharge.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. is facing at the instant considered. Development. Same. S.
Dump.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units.
United States Dispensary. the latter become distributing points. Same. or smaller unit.-A slip or waterway. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein.-A place.24
BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Dud. accomplished im various ways. division. or SP).) Dock. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. Distance. for the reception of ships. other than a depot or railhead." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. to subordinate units or to individuals.
Same. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. (AP). and by the identity of the unit establishing them.
Movement to new position. Disposition. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. dump (railhead) (unit).-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. Displacement." Dump distribution.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. A delivery of supplies. such as "Class I Distributing Point. Same." Distribution.
Same. Distribution. or maneuver. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps.
(AP). Same. as between two piers.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose.
Same. 1st Infantry.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Distributing point. without hospitalization. Dispersion of projectiles. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. as battle. 1st Division. march.
such as the attacking echelon. Entrucking (detrucking) point. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point.-One of the subdivisions of a command. Enfilade. etc.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. as service elements. The various subdivisions of a headquarters. for a particular weapon. meaning quartermaster.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth.
Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front).) Encircling force.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units.-Troops. Encode. Emplacement.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. In battle formations.
Superimposed fire. engineer. No equivalent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Echelon. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. S. Element. and reserve echelon.-The range at which. and medical units.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions.
. ordnance. To prepare a message in code. Emergency barrage. (See Firing position.
Same. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. support echelon. effective results may be expected.-To translate ordinary language into code. Effective range.
Embussing (debussing) point.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line.
Enveloping force. Entrucking group. generally different in character. Same.U. Same. mat6riel.
No equivalent (refers only to transport).
Espionage. sick. (See also Situation. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality.
. and wounded).-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers.
Appreciation of the situation. Essential elements of information. avoid surprise.) Evacuation. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. and information requested by other units. its credibility. animals. including the expression of his decision. its accuracy.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. also.-That information of the enemy.
TERMINOLOGY British Same. conduct a maneuver.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. Estimate of the situation. or formulate the details of a plan. Escortforce.
Assessment of value of intelligence report. Escort. or goods on a journey. persons. and its application to the situation.
Same.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear.
United States Envelopment. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. Evaluation of information. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities.-A body of armed men to guard a person.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. Same.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies.
Same. of the terrain not under friendly control. that is.
Same. prisoners of war.
forage.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. Same. a predetermined line along which. in order to stop assaults. (See also Attack.-For machine-gun fire.-The maximum range of any weapon.
Same.) Extended order. To make a feint. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. the second-in-command.
No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. A stratagem. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Executive. or both. Field fortification. Extreme range.
Same. Same. generally. is placed grazing fire.
Operation order (00).
"B" echelon transport. fuel. greater than in close order. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker.
.U. S. Field order. continuing. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. (See Train.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). Same.-Formerly.
First-line ment. Feint. Fixed line.) Field train. Final protective line.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff.) Filler replacement.
Exploitation.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. often fixed as to direction and elevation.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. (See also Combat orders. A pretense. and not the second-incommand.
Fire on targets of opportunity.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. assault. indirect. or other linear target. overhead. traversing.28
TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Fire. Fire superiority. Fire trench. Sweeping (or traversing) fire.
. Same. Fire.
Same.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. Fire.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Same. Same.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Same. searching. oblique. observed.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing.
Same. Fire.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. plunging. Fire. Fire.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Same.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets.
United States Fire. Fire. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Fire. grazing.
Same.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. Fire. Aiming off. Same. frontal. Fire. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened.
Same.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. Same.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. Fire. Fire.
Same. low-angle. high-angle.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. leading.
. Firing position. Fire.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. collective. Same.
Same. Searching and sweeping fire.-The combined fire of a group of individuals.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fire. combined traversing and searching.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. Same. Fire discipline.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Fire. First aid. Same.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Destructive fire. conduct of.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Fire unit.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. Same. Fire direction. alternate. Same
Same.U. Same.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Fire control. or supplementary.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. Fire. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. S. Fire control. classified as primary. Fire. Fixed obstacles. Same. converging. direct. Fire. destruction.
Same. Fixed armament. cone of.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire.
Same.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. at appropriate times.
Same. 1. other than for registration. Same. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique.
Fire. Fire.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear.-Firedirected at a single point. or other unit.)
No equivalent. Same. distributed.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting.
. inclusive. fixed (concentrated) (point).-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. Same. 5. Fire. Same. Foragers. Follow up. Flight. Same. from the leading to the rearmost element. without traversing or searching.) Fire for effect.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization.
Registration shoot. To collect supplies for men and animals. Forage. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. Firefor adjustment.
Fire on fixed line.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position.
(See fig.-The side of a command. Flanking attack.--To regulate movement on the element in front. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Fire.
Same.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. Right flank is the right side. Same.-Foodfor animals.
Same. (See also Check concentrations and Registration. by observation. p. when facing the enemy. Anlly fire against a hostile target. Follow. field of.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank.-The act of exerting close. Same. Flank guard (or patrol). inaccuracies in the firing data. Flank.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.
the walk. in echelon. Front line. Same. Operation instructions. in any given situation. G-3.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements.
Forced march. Fragmentation bomb. Anti-personnel bomb. Same. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI
EQUIVALENTS. Formation. individual shelter or rifle pit.-The direction of the enemy.
Same. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.)
Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more).-Small. in column. trot. S.U. Same. (See Shelter trenches. Frontage. A permanent post. Gait of march.-The space. Front.) Gait.
Same.-The line formed by the most advanced units. G-2. A strong and fortified place. G-4.) Fragmentation. or gallop. G-l. The space occupied by an element. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. Same. or in any other designated disposition.
Fragmentary orders. bomb.-(See General Staff.
Fort. or grenade.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. exclusive of local security.
. that is. The line of contact of two opposing forces.
Same.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. (See also Letters of instruction.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. Foxhole. in width.
Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. No equivalent.
96. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. reconnaissance. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. 97.-An organization charged Same. VI. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. General Staff. and fig. and with the (See sec. within the continental United States. pp. Groupment (Field Artillery). ried on by independent bands. note Division of the War Department.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. including the battalion (or equivalent unit).-A temporary grouping Grouping. Operathe "Q") branch). duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. War Plans lb and 2. tions and Training. War Department. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. S-1.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. pars. GravesRegistrationService. S-2. and is not to 8. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. a fifth section. and No equivalent.32
BRITISH: MILITARY United States
General counterpreparation. G-4.-All combat. S-4. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front.) the division.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. S-3. Personnel. not assigned to armies or smaller units. p. transport' aviation. GHQ aviation.Same. In units smaller than p. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1.-Irregularwar car. 94-95. be confused with G-3). G-3. Supply.
.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. General support. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area.-A tactical com. Each sec(or the "A") branch. G-2. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . Intelligence. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war.Group. 4.
Hold (verb).U. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. Head of column. Same.-An oblique photograph that includes Same.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. and to lower his efficiency and morale.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same.--A term generally applied to air. Same. the image of the horizon.) Harbor.-To retain physical possession. against attacks from the sea. Specifically.-A chemical agent used to force Same. (See also Interdiction fire.
. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. Holding and reconsignment point. frequent small attacks. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. by hand. Hand sled. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening. of march. closely. High oblique.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. Harassing agent.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. military and air forces. raids. more Same. S. annoy the enemy. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. Heavier-than-air.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination.Same. Harass. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Guide. it applies to a small sled on runners. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). armoured formations or units). Harbor defense. Harassing fire. Hatch. etc.
it is about 8 feet.--Atermof measurement.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Minute.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit.
. Initial requirements. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target. Identifications. Actually. Same.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. Immobilize.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. Initial point (IP).
Ground strips.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. In position.34
BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY
Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) .That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. Indorsement.-(See Clearing station.
Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. Inner harbor area. Incendiary agent. Individual equipment. Hospital station.-To tie down." Same.
Personal clothing and equipment. a horse length is considered 3 yards. To deprive of mobility.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Infiltrate. organizations.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. Indirect laying.
Starting point (SP). Horse length.
Same.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. or equipment are identified.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations.) Identification panels.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.. Forconvenience in estimating space. Same.
-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. Sanme. intended for planning stragetic operations. coughing.
Same. Intercept station. concentration. Toxic smoke.
Smnall-scale maps. the attainment of the final objective.
Same. Intermediate-scale maps. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. and is usually essential to. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections.
Htarassing fire or destructive shoot.
No equivalent. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set).-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information.-The objective whose attainment precedes. including the movement.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. or both.) Intermediate objective. Same. Inshore patrol. Interdict.) Irritant smoke.
No equivalent. Integrity of tactical units. No equivalent.
. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
In readiness.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. (See also Time interval.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. (See also Harassingfire. Interdictionfire. lacrimation.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. Interpretation of information.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area.
Same. Intermediate section.000 to 1:500. Interval. S.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. and supply of troops.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use.000.U.
-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. 10.36
Issue. To emerge or sally forth. Same or vital point. The supplies so delivered. eye pains. affording observation and communication. fig.
Lachrymator.) Journal.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. Specifically. Same.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. Key point.
Same.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. though temporary. as from a defile or fortress.--(See Combined operations.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. Same. Large-scale maps. as orders or communiques. used to insure coordination between adjacent units.
Operation instruction (s).000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Joint operations. Lighter-than-air. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.
War diary. Lacrimator.-A tactical locality. Start(ing) line.-A delivery of supplies.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Line of departure. Line.
Same.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section.
Same. 2.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense.) (See
. Letter(s) of instruction.
Junction point.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement. Leapfrog. To send out officially or publicly.
Same.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. p. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time.) Liaison. Limiting point. Landingfield.
Loss replacement. Reinforcement. S. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation. supply.-The network of railways. Same. Lung irritant.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power.
Same.-In each tactical grouping.240 pounds avoirdupois.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. Main body. and quartering of troops.) Litter relay point.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs. Main effort. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction.
Defensive fire.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. Local counterpreparation. Long ton. Main attack. supply. Courses of action or courses open. Line route map.-The weight of 2.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. Ton.
Same. Lines of communication. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. A command less all detachments.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. Low oblique.
No equivalent. and evacuation.-The principal part of a command.
Same.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. Same.U. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Logistics.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. Supply lines.
. Lines of action. Same. waterways. (See also Communications zone. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Line of observation.
(Formerly called "axial road. second echelon. Maintenance requirements.
Same. Main supply road. e..-Movement so designed as to place troops.--Driver's maintenance.). covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. etc. other than first echelon maintenance. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area.-That maintenance. 2 Third-line repairs (i. 2 Manoeuvre. maintenance carried out. or imaginary. first echelon. Maintenance. daily maintenance by driver)..38
BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY
Main line of resistance.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. performed by the using arms and services.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. maintenance carried out by army workshops).. (See fig. e. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. e. note 1. Manifest (ship's). third echelon. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel.") Maintenance. represented.
2See p. R E. Maintenance. 14.
Maintenance. maintenance carried out by base workshops).
(Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). ordnance.) Main artery of supply. 3. e. fourth echelon. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. 2 Base repairs (i. 2 Second-line repairs (i. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war.. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides.
First-line repairs (i.-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. Maneuver. though one side may be outlined. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). mat6riel.
Figure 3. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Platoon Defense Area
Company Defense Area
Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1)
Battalion Defense Area (5)
Battalion Defense Area (5)
Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2)
Regimental Reserve Area (6)
(1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (3) Platoon sector. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology).U. (6) Brigade reserve area.
. S. (4) Company sector. (2) Brigade reserve position. (5) Battalion sector. S.
Same. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles.
Same or table. such as messenger.40
BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY
Map. showing the relative size and position. Maps.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander.
Same or track discipline.
Same. according to some given scale or projection. radio. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. and wire communication.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. Martial law. or while regular outposts are being established.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. Mask (obstruction). March on. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask. woods. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control.) March table. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. or some part of it. pigeon. Covering detachment. March outpost. of the parts represented. March unit. etc.
No equivalent.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt.
. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale).) March discipline. sound. visual.
Same.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. March graph. Same.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth.-March toward.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. Group.-A graphical presentation of a march. (See also Security detachment. usually an intervening hill. Means of signal communication.
Same or signal or despatch.
Same. documents. Message. p. tactical. etc. reports.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. therefore. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. in plain language or code. Medium-scale maps.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. Message center.
. S.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. 2. Message.
Signal office.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions.-A term which includes all instructions. and its further use.)
B. Mechanized unit.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. local messages. 190.000.
Same. transmission. those handled by the military or civil postal service. Receipt.) Military crest. Same. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). is undesirable. intended for strategical.
Crest. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Mechanization. and those arriving by special messengers. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning.U. maps.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt.
Encounter or contact battle.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message.000 to 1:125. orders.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons.. Meeting engagement. photographs. par. Memorandum receipt. transmitted by a means of signal communication.) Mechanized cavalry.
Military information.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. Same.
United States Military government.
Same.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation. Mobile armament. Daily strength state. Mine layer. Minimum crest clearance.-Evaluated and interpreted
Same. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward.
Same.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position.-Information.
Same. This class consists of railway. tractor-drawn.42
BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. Mine planter. or theater of operations. Mopping up. Same or task. Mission. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.
Military intelligence.-A government established by
the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. Minimum range.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization.
information concerning a possible or actual enemy. and truck-drawn artillery. Morning report.
Same. gathered from any source. Morale.
Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps"). Military Police.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. Mobile reserves.
hampering or interrupting movement or action. Same.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals.-The support involving fire or movement or both. Nonpersistent agent. rendered one another by adjacent elements.-Not poisonous. etc.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Multiple-lens camera. swamps. classified as "controlled.
Same. Neutralization fire." Motorization." "uncontrolled.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. streams.
Same (but with no definite time limit). Same or motor unit. such as deserts. Natural obstacles. forests.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles.
Neutralising fire. 519636°--43----4 Same. Objective.
Same." or "strip.
Same. S. Neutralize. Normal barrage.
Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Mosaic. Motorized unit.U.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports. in general. Barrage.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. Normal zone. Same.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. and.
Neuttalise. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission.
Zone of fire.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. Mutual support. Nontoxic.
Operation map. for the study of objectives. tactical or protective.-The disposition of troops for a march.-Any device or feature. charts. and writing or printing. either natural or artificial. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. for the observation of an area or sector.-An order delivered by word of mouth. or drawings. Obstacle.
Operation map. Officer of the day. Requirements.
Same.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. Observation post. or their order in the march column.
No equivalent. Same. overlays.
Verbal order.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. using conventional signs. and command. Oral order.44
BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Objective folder.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. maps. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. defenses. observation of artillery fire. military symbols.
Orderly officer. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. fixed or portable.
. courier. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. etc. Offshore patrol. Order of march.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives.
No equivalent. and liaison duty for ground units. Observation aviation. to show location.
Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). Same. approaches.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. abbreviations. Organizationalrequirements. photographs. and other important data concerning the objective.
enemy positions. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. Outpost. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading.. the length of the full step in quick time. To inform or explain.
Expeditionary force.-A step of 30 inches. Trace. to make another conversant with.U. (See Combat outpost.
Same. field works. S.
Same. Outflank.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations. Forward standing patrol.
Same. for laying over a map. Outguard. as of artillery.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. Overlay. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce).-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. Outpost line of resistance. are shown.
Line of outposts. Rate of movement.
. Orient.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth.
Same. targets.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. To identify directions on the terrain. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. No equivalent.) Organizationfor combat. etc. Overseas operations.-(See Unit loading.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Same. British No equivalent.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. Pace. on which various locations. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent.) Outpost area.
-An area used for the purpose of servicing.
Same. maintaining. Same. Persistentagent. Photogrammetry.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. Park. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to.
Same.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. Phase line. The act of patrolling. sometimes armored.
Same.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. Parachute troops. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear.
No equivalent. Same. common in northern countries. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination.
Report line.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes.-A motor vehicle. Passage of lines. Penetration. in issuing his initial orders.
Leapfrogging.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. and on.
Same. the battlefield. and in the occupation and organization of the position.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. or both. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. and parking vehicles.-A form of individual pack.46
Pack board. Patrol.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. Personnel carrier.
Same. Party. in initiating the movement forward to position.
-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. assembly. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)).U. Portable obstacles.
Same. a scale and a directional arrow.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. 5.
Canteen or Navy.
Same. British Same. (See fig.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. Pin point. Photomap.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed.
. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. Position. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Point. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping.-Obstacles capable of being moved.
(Point section of the) van guard. Same. Port of Embarkation.) Position in readiness.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. Picket. S. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. as the basis for his orders to his command.-(See Assembly area.-A scheme or design. Post exchange (PX). p.-The text of a message which.
Piquet or patrol. Army. or follows the rear party of a rear guard.
Same. 1. including. on its face.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. Plan. Same. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander.
Position of readiness. at least.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. specifically for any military operation. Photographic reconnaissance.) Movable obstacles.
Precede.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission.
Important message. Quarantine. the movements of rail. classified as interceptor and fighter.
Fighter aircraft. working.artillery. Pursuit. in order of time. Provisional map. drill.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups.-Definite rulings which establish.
Same. or instruction) is not interrupted. or the performance of several tasks.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). water. Preparation. Prisonersof war.
Predicted fire. It may contain form lines or contours.
Same. Priority message.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. Same.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. road.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. under quarantine.
Same.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces.48
Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire).-To regulate movement on the element in rear. Protective obstacles. Primary firing position.
Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately).
No equivalent. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Priorities.-(See Artillery preparation.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action. or other transport. the precedence of shipment. Pursuit aviation.
Same. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs.
R a dio-telephony (R/T).
No equivalent. S." "Ammunition Railhead. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). usually by small forces.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range." Railhead distribution. directed against an enemy. Range. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). Rallying point. A billeting party.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code. effective (extreme) (minimum). The direction away from the enemy. Same.-The operation of searching for information in the field.
No equivalent.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. to maintain contact with the enemy.
Same.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. 5. Same. 1. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Quartering party.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. Same. Reconnaissance.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T).
. Reconnaissance patrol.-A point.U.--Radio communication by means of the voice.
Harbouring party. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie.) Rate of march. Rear party. Ration. 1st Division.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. such as "Class I Railhead. Ration cycle.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)).-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. or to observe terrain. p. designated by a unit commander. Rear guard. Raid.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective.
Same. Rear. 1st and 2d Divisions.
Same or speed. An offensive movement.
Same. Same or rear patrol (See fig.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest.) Same.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead.
especially for combat purposes.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. and operation for a given period. Replacement.-A series of overlapping ver. Replacement. 39. a supply point or estab. Reinforcements.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. (See Supply point.-An individual available for assign. ment. Repatriate. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. 3.Brigade reserve area. and reserve.
. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. maintenance.-An individual who is restored or Same. filler (loss). initial.-An area in which the regi. They are classified as individual. mental reserves in the battle position.Sector control. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies.) Registration.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement.) Regulating officer.-A traffic control agency estab.-An easily recognizable point Same. organizational. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. Regulating station.Same. returned to his own country or citizenship. Regimental reserve line.50
BRITISH MILITARY TE. a selected course.) Regimental reserve area. p.RMINOLOGY
Reconnaissance strip.-Formerly.-A line designated to co.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot.-The computed needs for a military Same. Regulating point. 3. I Mosaics (verticalonly). p. maintenance.Reinforcement.-The officer in charge of a regu.) Requirements. lating station. strength of another body of troops. 39.-Troops used to augment -the Same. (See fig. Refilling point.Same.
) Reserves (supply). to attract the enemy in a desired direction.
Withdrawal.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action.
Same. usually on a form furnished for the purpose." Battle reserves are supplies. Reserves. (See also Credit. same (b). is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. Unit reserves. b. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Requirements. also designated as "reserve supplies.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. Battle reserves.-Those carried on the soldier. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. animal.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. S. Reserve requirements. detached corps. Individual reserves.
Reserve supplies. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy.-Supplies accumulated by the army.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. A request for supplies.-(See Beach reserves. Retirement.) Requisition.U.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply.-a.
Same. Reserve (tactical).) Responsible officer. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which.
Same. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. beach. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve).
S-s. the presence of rail facilities. Right (left) bank of stream. Same. To recover or save. S-3. captured.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Runner. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. Same. and airplane landing facilities.
Same. Same.-A foot messenger. Retrograde movement.
Same.-A movement to the rear.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission.-The collection of abandoned. Same.
Same. Road crater.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain.
. S-1. The act of retreating.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.
Same. Rolling barrage. Road space.) Salient.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Routine message. Road block.-A message requiring no special precedence. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. Routes of communication.
Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. Roving gun (Field Artillery). upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery.52
MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Reverse slope.
Same.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road.--(See General Staff. Withdrawal.
United States Retreat.
Same.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Salvage. S-4. Same. Property so collected. navigable waters.
conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). Coast defence artillery.-A man specially trained in shooting.
Plan of attack.-(See Seize.) Same. Screen. designated by boundaries.-A section of terrain.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. Same. S.) Sector of fire. 2.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation. Screening smoke. Message in cipher or code. fig.) Scheme of maneuver.
Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). To act as a scout.
Arc of fire. p.--(See Prearranged fires. and in reporting the results of observation. on its face. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps).U. Scout.-The use or application of sanitary measures. Secure.-(See Holding attack.
Same (but without a cover). (See Defense area. Secondary attack.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber. A man who gathers information in the field.) Same. It includes both fixed and mobile armament.
. in observing. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose.) Sector.-The text of a message which. 10. in using ground and cover. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. Schedule fires. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. Scout car. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States
Sanitation.) Secret text (or secret language). The body of troops used to screen a command.
The protection resulting from such measures.
Same or cover. Sensing. equivalent to U. To afford or provide shelter. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. communication.
Same (also a classification of protected papers. screen or cover from notice. over or short of the target.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left.) the enemy.-To gain physical possession of. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. Shelter.
Supply units. That which covers or defends. construction.
No equivalent. maintenance. annoyance. Judging.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. heavy shellproof. placed under one commander for march purposes.
Same. evacuation.) Service units (or elements).
No equivalent. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. or surprise attack by the enemy. A screen.-One or more march units. Serial. Shelter.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation.
Supply units .54
Security. S. (See Train.-Any form of concealment from view. Security detachment. Shelter. Sentry squad.
Sentry post. "Restricted").-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply.
Covering detachment. Seize (or secure)."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). To Protection.-Formerly.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. transportation. Service train. light. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. An outguard of one squad. with or without force. by 3-inch shells. preferably with the same march characteristics. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. and police of the larger unit as a whole.
-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. Situation. and the mission to be accomplished.
Short ton. Signal communication. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. S. by detection of secret inks. followed by an intention.) (Short) ton. taken as a whole.-(See Signal security. but contained ii) the formation operation order). or by the solution of codes.) Signal intelligence.
Slit trenches. except mail or direct personal agency. the weather. terrain. They include such items as the positions. ciphers.
Same (for formations below the division..-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire.
Same.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means. considerations of time and space.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. Signal communication security. Signal security. constitutes the estimate of the situation. Shelter trenches.U. armament. Single-lens camera. and grenades. etc.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. (A consideration of these conditions.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. etc. Same. Same (a consideration of these conditions. splinter-proof. Same. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). against splinters of high-explosive shell. and messages. Signal operation instructions.
Same. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Shelter. which affect a command at any given time.)
No equivalent.000 pounds avoirdupois. (See Foxhole. and the possible courses of action.-All the conditions and circumstances. strength.
. and on which its plans must be based. light shellproof.-The weight of 2. and the possible lines of action.
Same. followed by a decision.. Shelter.
Same. Same. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports.-A soldier. consisting of two or more flights. Smoke screen. Sledges. Sniper. (or battle)
No equivalent.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. technical. Special staff. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. and supply functions.-Soldiers. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate.000 to 1:7. Ski troops.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1.
Situation map. It includes the heads of the administrative.-Troops. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. dismounted. usually Infantry.56
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Situation map.-Same as sleds. as such. Same. Squadron (Air Corps). administrative. and supply services. and certain technical specialists. Small-scale maps.
Same.) Staging area.
Same. Same. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. equivalent.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation.-The authority exercised by a staff officer.000.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. Speed. usually an expert shot.
. has no authority to command.000.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. (A staff officer. No.000. in whose name all orders are given. Skirmishers. technical. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. All responsibility rests with the commander. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy.-A staff group. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. but in lower units they partly merge into each other.
No equivalent. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. Staff authority. Same.
Same. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Stereoscopy. Strip mosaic. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. Standard operating procedure. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. without authority from his organization. Stereo-triplet.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. Stereoscope.--Usually.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. who has become separated. (See Defense area.-Formerly. Stereo-pair.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position.
No equivalent. or an exposed sector of the front. Same. one of the subdivisions of a sector.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs.) Subsector.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight.
. Supplementary firing position. Same.
Same. railroads. Stragglers' posts.-A line.
Same. Fire on a line. Stragglerline.
Same.U. the defensive area of an infantry company. or streams. Same. Strong point. Straggler. S.-A soldier. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. No equivalent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.
Unit in support.
(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.
U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
British War Establishments.
Same. Special force.
Theatre of operations.
Theatre of war.
Time and distance.
BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.
Time past a point. Zero hour.
Same. Unit transport, echelon.
Same. Same. Movement route. by march
U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.
Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.
The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like.
Same. and may be written. they include signals transmitted by flags. Vertical interval.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. serviceable unit assembly. pyrotechnics.
Immediate (or most immediate) riessage.-Signals conveyed through the eye. Unit replacement. "WT'alkie talkie. Same. 1Warning order.
.) Urgent message. I~Tar Department intelligence. lamps.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man. or oral. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. heliograph. dictated.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile. bombs.
Replacement semblies.War Office intelligence.
Same.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. it may be a message or a field order.-(See Contour interval. burns. Visual signals. causing inflam'mation. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph.
Same. which is to follow. etc. Urgent call."-Colloquial. Priority call. grenades. panels. especially for a movement.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. Unit of fire.62
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY
Unit mile of gasoline. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. and destruction of tissue.
Front (i. company. Wire entanglement.
Same.-An obstacle of barbed wire. or more conductors. Withdrawal from action. Zone defense or defense in depths.
Cable route. erected in place on pickets. Defence in depth.
Same. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave.-One of a series of lines of foragers. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. skirmishers.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 .-One or more wire circuits.. Wire line. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. e.). Zone of the interior. Zone of action.
Line route. S.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. battalion. etc. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. Wide-angle photograph.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible.
. British Same. No equivalent. Writer.-The originator of a message. mechanized vehicles. Zone of fire.U. Same.
) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64
. door handle.. S. etc. with definitions. g. window-winders. together with U.
British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact
Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. EQUIVALENTS
The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. if these are lacking. S.Section Ill. equivalents or. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U.
an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle
Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired)
Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS)
Attack. machine guns. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer
United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle)
.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. S. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. general Attack. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept.
Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown
. case. to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road)
Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.66
BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY
Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD)
Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly.
Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up.
duty status Operations carried out by land. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file
. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file)
Central repair depot (CRD)
Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. EQUIVALENTS
United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD)
S. sea.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.
) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration.. .Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position
Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS)
Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage. masked or defiladed) .strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system)
BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i. (See Moving barrage.
Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point. Petrol point. Distributing point Supply point.BRITISH TERMS
WITH U. (See Ammunition point.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte
destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box
Gear-lever or change-speed lever
BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission
British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire.
BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb
United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group
MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center
British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area
. with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .
BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship)
Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander
Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy.
gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents
Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP)
Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent.74
Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. g. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers
.. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline.
in which case it is the Area Engineer. S. fourth echelon Repairs. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . second echelon Repairs. first-line Maintenance. base Maintenance. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4
. third echelon Repairs. first echelon Repairs. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. second-line Maintenance. EQUIVALENTS British United States
Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.
double-ended Spanner. destructive Shoot.76
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle
Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication
Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle
to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.
United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod
. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod
S.TERMS WITH U. British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up.BRITISH.
Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. tanks. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog.78
BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
British Traffic control post
United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car
British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone
. EQUIVALENTS. S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.
Section IV. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to Gong. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Blitz. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. sudden evasive action of aircraft
. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS
Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking
Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking.
to Pack up. to Perimeter track Play pussy. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. etc. to Pleep Plug away. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs)
Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. S. ropey type. etc. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. (U. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. ropey evening. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing.)
. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. to Prang. to Peel off. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize.
poor view. that is. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. dim view.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out
Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. etc.82
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. to Tee up. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. to take down a peg To prepare a job. long-distance view. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View
Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. to Touch bottom. to
. "ropey" view. outside view. flying slowly over an area. also applied to ground training To reprimand. lean view.
Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. the "re" (final) instead of "er". neutralisation. e. behaviour. harbour. centre. neutralising. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. gaol (pronounced "jail"). pyjama. metre. levelling. b. anaemia. programme. (automobile) tyre. f. briar. signaller. mediaeval. colour. organisation. organising. labour. barque (boat). tsar. prologue. travelling. grey. epaulette. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH
1. catalogue. draught. Occasional "e" for "i. gramme. good-bye. and the "our" (final) instead of "or." and "y" for "i": enclose. c. cyder. encyclopaedia. d. storey (house). honour. syren. enquire. endorse. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. cheque. plough. fibre.
. alarum. litre. for example:
There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. neutralise. serjeant. axe. syphon. theatre.Section V." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1".
BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation
addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion
b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for
American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker
I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge
2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.
. Law and Public Affairs
Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour
American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie.Y British Monkey-nut. peanut Peanut spread Tart. House
Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. suite Geyser
e. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant
4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour
BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG.
first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. mud-guard Petrol. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence
f. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. buffer Motorcar. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. Occupations
Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger
. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. Motoring
Battery Bumper Car. automobile Coal oil. patrolman. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. constable.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner
letters Post a letter Post box. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker.
. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. flicks. pillar box Group service
HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. films Picture palace." Information "Line's busy!" .90o
American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. Knave Cinema. here's your party. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man
British Costermonger. Recreations
Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. Post Office and Telephone
Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall
i. bagman Green grocer
h. flick Pictures.
the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass
. tram trolley) car The Underground. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. School and College
Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school
k. street (or electric or Tramway. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper
I.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery
Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. Shopping
Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . footpath Sidewalk Street railway. tramcar.
pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby
6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. then the month. Time
0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
American Daylight saving time
British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. as 21 June. When numerals alone are used to denote months. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. 1942. Travel
American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room.)
m. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule.
. 1942. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. 1942. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4.
7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. luggage van Cloak room.
p. etc. 1st Armoured Division. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. etc. ABBREVIATIONS
1. a. g. etc. etc.) Inf Bde
1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. In general. 2c (3). whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. 1st (2nd. S. Army.. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). etc. 199). and reconnaissance regiments are also units. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. g.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. Brigades. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. artillery.) Army. etc.) Division. AND SERVICES
Although these abbreviations are for general use.) Cav Bde 1 (2. 10. 1st (2nd. par..) Army 1 (2.
GHQ First (Second. p. 200. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. 93
. FORMATIONS. etc. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. and fig. but cavalry (horse and mechanized).) Infantry Brigade. etc. including addressing messages or correspondence.
1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. 1 STAFF. 2 In addressing a headquarters. 1st (2nd.) Corps. and groups of armies are formations.) Cavalry Brigade. First (Second. APPOINTMENTS.HEADQUARTERS. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. Headquarters and Formations (1) General:
Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter
General Headquarters. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. armies.) Div
1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. 1st (2nd.Section VI. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). etc. divisions corps. etc.
)Divisional Artillery. battalions. etc. (See notes 5 and 6. etc.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. and CRA (see par. Staff Duties and Training Section. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. 2." and "Q" only.)
.1 (2. First (Second." "I.. 1st (2nd. intelligence.) Regt RE 1 (2. etc. etc." "RAI.) Corps RA etc. 1st (2nd. etc.) Corps Artillery.) Army Signals. 1st (2nd. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO." Units (regiments. CCRA. 1st (2nd. and coordination in general.) Corps MA etc. etc. etc.) Div RA etc. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. below. Chief Signal Officers. .) Army Sigs 1 (2.94
1st (2nd. ment. Signal Officer in Chief. etc.. Brigade Majors. RA 1 (2.) Div ST
(7) Royal Air Force (RAF):
Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. etc.) Divisional Engineers.) Div RE
(3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE):
1st (2nd.) Divisional Signals.) Corps Medium Artillery. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps. Regi. etc..) AA Bde
(6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC):
1st (2nd.) Field (Medium.
.) use the distinguishing letters "O.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs
(5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD):
1st (2nd." and "RAQ. etc). and their Staffs.) Fd (Med. etc. 1 (2. etc. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. 1st (2nd.
(4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs):
General Headquarters Signals. MA 1 (2.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. training. RASC 1 (2. p. etc. etc.) Corps Signals.
0 I SD O X
3 The staffs of MGRA. RA 1 (2. CCMA. etc. Staff
(1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4
BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3
Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter
etc.. etc. etc. Air GHQ
2nd Echelon. whether it be clothing.
Chaplains (A). The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. Staff Captain. supervises his medical arrangements. or oil. Dental. (See note F. Kinematography (A)
Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema
CH ES GR HGS JAG AK
Labour (Q). Canrteen (Q).
ECH A Q QM
(3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6
c. weapons. Services 7
Army Postal (Q). pays him. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. Personal Assistant. looks after his discipline and welfare. Nursing.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A).
Pay (A). Hirings (A). Staff Captain. ammunition. Medical and Surgical. Hygiene. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS
Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). It enlists the soldier. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. promotes him. food.
6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Movement Control. Camp Commandant. Military Secretary. Pathology. equipment. petrol (gasoline). Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. vehicles. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. and eventually discharges or buries him. Appointments
Aide-de-Camp. Printing and Stationery (A).
REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology
ME M M M M M M
(2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): '
Full title Abbreviation
Officer in Charge. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Judge Advocate-General (A). 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control.
Royal Engineers --------------
CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE
s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and. Railways. General Staff Officer. in general. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown. Inland Water Transport.. Works (Q).. are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. Docks... Supply (Q). third-grade.
.. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade . and not to the branch of the staff.96
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter
Provost (A). Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. captains.... Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master.. Veterinarv (Q)... Major-General.------General Staff Officer. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. Remounts (Q)... Transport (Q).. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS
Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. Transportation (Q).. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters.. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches." "02.. Light Railways....
Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works
PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks
2." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings.. Second-grade staff officers are majors.. Survey (G). Chief Engineer_ Commander. First-grade staff officers.Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer.
Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General.ABBREVIATIONS
"Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General)
e s"" General Staff
"A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral)
CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General)
Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major)
MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain)
Figure 4.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.--------------Brigadier.
Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief ---------------------
. General Staff ------------BGS .
all of which have been mechanized. National Guard. which was very similar to the U. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name." It should be realized. only the Regular Army regiments are shown.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General.
DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or
AQ) 3. that.
b. forces. however. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. as well as the Royal Tank Regi-
. In the list that follows.98
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation
--Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. Regular and Territorial. the largest being the Territorial Army. as in the U. therefore. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. S. Order of Precedence
In the list that follows. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. S.
which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). and not to any other regiment. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . Ist and 2nd. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. by the Royal Armoured Corps. But when on parade with its guns. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. 2/4 Hamps. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. of which this is the 2nd. c. that is. 10Now one regiment. formerly known as The Life Guards. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L
9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. are a part of the RHA. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. now mechanized. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. At the present time. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). In this case. and as such are considered a part of the King's household.
. Household Cavalry 9
The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation
ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). below). two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London.
Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards).) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments.-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs
Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG
13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)
Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). above. (See also note 11.
. Supporting Arms
Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 .100
BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment ---------------------
10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks
e. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards).
The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13).
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). Infantry of the Line
The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). Each regiment received a number as it was formed. No. The Rifle Brigade. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). has no number. No. 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. beginning with The Royal Scots. which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. the last to be formed. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS
g. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14).
RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks
BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation
The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Essex Regiment (44) ---------------
E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex
. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra.
The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87).
. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. e.ABBREVIATIONS
The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. the Duke of Albany's) (72). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows:
Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI
KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH
When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). When serving under the Army Act vi. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).. The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71). The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91).. e. when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion).
... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ...... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------..... Reconnaissance Corps ---------------------
RB R-ecce Corps
ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC
.. Departmental Corps
Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -... Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)..-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps
Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service...104
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation
The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number)... Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___._________ AAC
Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt
Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs)
No. No. etc. 2. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)
100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. 1 (No. RA 17th Medium Battery.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs
. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. 1 (No. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty
c. etc. etc.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. No.) Squadron. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery.) Field Artillery Signal Section. 2. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY
a. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA)
3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery.ABBREVIATIONS
4. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. etc. RA -----------A/E Battery. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. Armoured Divisional Signals. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. etc. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk
d. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. 1 (No. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. etc.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 2. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC)
ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation
1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks
...) CCS 1 (2.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2. etc... etc.-.) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----. Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------.. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC)
Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2. etc.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec
. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC)
Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------..) Gen Hosp 1 (2.. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --.... Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl . etc.....106
BRITISH.. etc. etc.) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2...--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company. etc. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation
e.. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy
f. ----------Tank Brigade Company_
AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col .) Fd Amb 1 (2.
Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation.Inf Bde Ord Coy .. All arms (used in conjunction with COL).) Mob Vet See 1 (2.. Armoured cars.. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area).. Bivouac. 1 (2.. not in action.. etc... Bridge. Mounted men. etc. Cancel last message. The most usual requirements are.) Pro Coy 1 (2. RECONNAISSANCE CODE
No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required.. however. etc.. All artillery.) Pro Sqn
g.. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)
Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)
AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---.
5196336--43 -.) VES
i.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------
h.. "Bus" (as distinct from MET).. Corps of Military Police (CMP)
Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron . covered by the following:
AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns..
Railhead.. Single-engine aircraft. Facing. Column. Pontoon bridge. Tank. Tent.
Reference point A. Men. Guns in action. Railway train (complete with engine). Digging. Warships. etc. e. B. Open.. Defended post. C. Mechanical transport. It represents abbre-
. freight cars).) Trench.
6. Engine. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS
BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY
Closed. Ranging point. Siding. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Horses. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). g. Machine guns.108
CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. RFB. Guns now firing. Steam not up. Passenger coaches. Civilian or refugee traffic. Tracked vehicles.
(e. etc. RFC. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. but not firing. MISCELLANEOUS
The following list of abbreviations. Track. No movement seen. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Target moving. Multi-engined aircraft. Horse-drawn transport. Wireless station. River. Goods trucks (i.
Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car.
A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers.
A/C or AC
. Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC).ABBREVIATIONS
viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. aircraft defence. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Account. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Automatic bomb sight. Auxiliary Air Force. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit.) or Army. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Auxiliary Air Force General List. Assistant Beachmaster. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Advanced Air Striking Force. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Accountant Branch Officer.
Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Activity at (reconnaissance code).110
. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Back Areas. Air Chief Marshal. Army Co-operation Squadron. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Aircraft Carrier Squadron. South. Acknowledge. Accommodation. Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Aircraft carrier. Administrative Commandant. Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Anti-coastal motorboat. Assistant-Controller of Labour. Army Co-operation Command. Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio).) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT
Admiral Commanding (No. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). of Battle Squadron). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre).
ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E)
Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash).
. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment).
Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Assistant-Director General (in combination). Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service).112
ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director of Labour.. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Air Defence of Great Britain.
. A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Material Production. Addressed. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Instrument Production.
Assistant-Director of Operational Training.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Admiralty (see also Adm). Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Survey. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations.
. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Postal Service. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Assistant-Director of Remounts. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Advanced Dressing Station. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy
Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting.
. Admiralty Fleet Order.114
AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC
AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF
AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG
Assistant-Director of Transportation. Air Force Liaison Officer. Advance or advanced. Air Force Headquarters. Aircraft equipment production. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Army filtration barges. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Aircraft equipment (engines). Army Field Workshop. Armament. Air Fighter Development Unit. Advanced base. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Airframe. Adjutant-General's Branch. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Armoured fighting vehicle. Assistant Embarkation Officer. Advanced guard. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Aircraft equipment (organisation). Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Aeroplane. Economy Cost Branch. etc. engineer and signal scales. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Artillery Equipment School. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Air Force Medal. Assistant-Director of Explosives.
Aircraft interception. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Air Judge Advocate-General. Air Member for Development and Production. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Aeronautical Inspection Department. Assault landing craft. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA).ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP
Adjutant-General. All arms (reconnaissance code). American Liaison and Munitions. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Searchlights. Altitude. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Airborne troops. Amatol (see also AM). Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Aircraft Inspection Department. Air operation.
. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Air Liaison Officer. Royal Marines. Advanced landing ground. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Air Liaison Section. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Air Marshal (see also AM). Air Ministry Intelligence. Armaments Division. Army Intelliegence Department. Australian Imperial Force. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Ambulance (see also A). Assistant King's Harbour Master. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Air Base.
Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Air Officer Commanding. Air Ministry Order. Army Ordnance Field Park. Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Assistant Military Secretary.116
A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Operational Research Section. Air Ministry . Annexure. Amphibian (see also A). Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Advanced Operational Base. Army and Navy Stores. Air Navigation School. Ammonal with charcoal. American Nautical Almanac.Experimental Station. Air Observer School.
. Air Member for Training. Alteration order form. Air Member for Personnel. Ammunition. Army Order or Accountant Officer. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Adviser. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Army Ordnance Workshop. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Australian Military Force. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Air Mileage Unit. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Assistant Master-General of Ordnance.
Armour-piercing tracer. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Army Printing and Stationery Services. Approximately Appendix. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Armour-piercing.ABBREVIATIONS AP
A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR
Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Aiming point. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel.
. Anti-personnel (bomb). Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Armour-piercing shot (inert). Assistant Provost-Marshal. Air Production. (projectile) capped. Armour-piercing. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. chemical warfare (gas bombs). Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing (projectile). Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Army Plotting Room. Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. capped with ballistic cap. Naval. Army Physical Training Corps. high explosive. Air Personnel Department. capped with ballistic cap.
Admiralty Research Laboratory. All artillery. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Angle of sight (see also A of S).
ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP
. sulphide azide. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Army Routine Order. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Ammunition and stores. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Ammunition. Armament. Air Raid Warden. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Airship. Ammunition Railhead. Armament Production Progress. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Artillery reconnaissance. Artillery.118
ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP
I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Admiralty Signal Establishment. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Army Stores Issue Ship. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Armoured car. Aeroplane Repair Section. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Artisan Works Company. Airman or Airmen. Armoured. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Air Stores Park. styphnate azide or antimony. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Ammunition Sub-Depot.
Research and Development. Automatic or self-loading. Advisory Service on Welding. Assisted take-off. Air Vice-Marshal. American Technical Liaison Officer. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Army Training Instruction. Anti-tank (see also A Tk).
. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Australian Steam Test M. Auxiliary Services Officer. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). All up weight (gross weight). Naval Development and Production. Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Air Training Corps. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Armoured vehicles. Aircraft Storage Unit. Auxiliary Fire Station. Army Training Memorandum.ABBREVIATIONS
AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS
Assistant Superintendent. Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Assistant to Director-General. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Armoured Unit Initial Training. Assistant. Assistant Chief Overseer. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Army Troops (see also AT). Attached. Australia or Australian. Auxiliary Territorial Service.
BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. BALCAP or BALL. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). bdr Bandolier. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. Bart Baronet.Ballistic cap. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. Bde Brigade. BAA Brigadier. BASFUZ Base fuze. Washington. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Anti-zeppelin. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. BAL Ballistics (see also B). Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). CAP. Azimuth (see also Z). BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). BAO Base Accountant Officer.120
AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Acoustic warning device. Aircraft Warning Service. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). BAM British Air Ministry. Ayrshire Yeomanry.
. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BASW British Army Staff. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. BAB Blind approach beacon. BB Bombs. Bdr Bombardier. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission.
Beachmaster (see also BM). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Brigade Major Royal Artillery.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP
Base ejection. General Staff. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). Bring forward. Base Ordnance Workshop. Beyond light repair. Base ejection. Baby incendiary bomb. double ejection. British Manufacturing and Research Company. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Blown out. Base Ordnance Depot. Balloon Production. Board of Trade. Battle Headquarters. Brigadier. Bomb. British Height Correction. Branch Field Post Office. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Battalion. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Brake horsepower. Base fuzed incendiary. Boundary (see also bdy). British Expeditionary Force. Battery Observation Post. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). Bombing and Gunnery School. Bearing. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). British Nautical Almanac. .. ham (England) Small Arms (Company).
. The Border Regiment. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Base and nose fuzed. British Naval Liaison Officer.
Quarter=Master Sergeant. Base Workshop. Royal Artillery. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. Base Supply Depot. British War Medal. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Battery Sergeant-Major. British thermal unit (see also Btu). Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Bomb release line. British standard weight.
. Base Personnel Staff Officer. Base Supply Airfield. Broadside on. British Red Cross Society. Battery.122
BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX
British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Base. Buckinghamshire Battalion.. Brigadier. Brigade Routine Order. British Warrant Officer. Brigadier. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). British Standard Fire. Blohm & Voss. Battle Squadron. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). British Troops in Northern Ireland. Battery . scissors type. British Thomson-Houston. Bridge or bridging or brass. Beeswax. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry.
Class "CC. Central Ammunition Depot. Catering or catalogue.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C
CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB
CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC
"CC" C Chap
Beaten Zone. Counter-Battery Officer. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Cavalry. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Calibre. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Cambridgeshire Regiment. Research and Experiments. Cartridge(s).
. Royal Artillery. Canteen(s). Commander of Army Group. Camp Commandant (see also CC). The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Command Chaplain. Calorific value. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Chief Adviser. Captain.
Chemical Defence Research. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE
CETD CF CF Claim CFI
BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY
Controller. Coast Defence Chain (Station). high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Casualty Collecting Post. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Phosgene. Tank Design. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Chemical Inspector. Capital finance claim. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Controller of Chemical Research. Corps Medium Artillery. Chaplain to the Forces. Central Flying School. Chemical Defence Research Department. Canadian.
. Chief Superintendent. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Commander. Chief of Combined Operations. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant.
Cfn CFS CG
Craftsman. Casualty Clearing Station. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition
exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Command Dental Officer. Chief Engineer. Royal Artillery. Chief Flying Instructor. Contraband Control Service Office. Commander. Coastal Command Development Unit. Chemical Defence Development. Chemical Defence Research Paper. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Commander.124
CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA.
Chaplain. Chain home beam. Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chief Inspector. The Cheshire Regiment. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C).
. Naval Ordnance. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Chief Inspector. Command Headquarters. Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Clearance head space. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Commander-in-Chief. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chain (Station). Military College of Science. Chief Instructor. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Cheshire Yeomanry. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Chain (Station). Controller-General of Munitions Production.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH
CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH
Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE
CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO
Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Fire Control Instruments. Fire Control. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Engineers Signal Stores. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Controller-General of Economy. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chief Instructor. Cast iron. Controller-General of Research and Development. Corps Routine Order.
Column (see also col). Common nose fuzed. Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Companion of the Order of St. Chief of Staff (see also COS).
. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Close reconnaissance. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee).
Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Central Ordnance Depot. Corps of Military Police. Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Chief Naval Representative.
Column (see also coin).126
CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A
C of R C of S
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Central Medical Establishment. Centimeter height finding. Care and Maintenance Party.
Combined Operations Headquarters. Contracts Liaison Section. Column (reconnaissance code).
Col COL Coldm Gds
Colonel. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Combined Operations Development Centre. Closed (reconnaissance code). Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Central Interpretation Unit. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Chief Maintenance Officer. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Close Support Troop. Michael and St. Captain of the Fleet. Chief of Artillery. George. Corrected mean time.
Chief Ordnance Officer. modified. Counter-preparation. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Committee or commission. Coventry Ordnance Works. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Command Post Officer. Commandant (see also Comd). Cordite.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP
MK I MD SC W WM
CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS
Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Concentrate or concentration. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff.
. Commodore. Corporal. Cordite with carbamite. Construction. Commanding (see also Comd). Cotangent. Commander (see also Comd). Composite or component. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Controller of Physical Research. Cordite. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. original type. Company. Cordite. Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Controller of Projectile Development. solventless cooler. Communication(s). Cosecant. Coordinate or coordinating. Correction. Cycles per second. Common-pointed capped (projectile). Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile).
Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Commander. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Consultant. Calibre radius head. Royal Army Service Corps. Central Storekeeping Office. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Radiological Inspection. Chilworth smokeless powder. Corps Routine Order or. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Chief Superintendent.
. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Commander. Royal Artillery. Royal Engineers. Commander. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Armament Supply. Armaments Design. Civilian Repair Organisation. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Projectile Development Establishment. Company Sergeant-Major. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Course setting bomb sight. Chief Superintendent. Chlorsulphonic acid. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Counter-sunk. Cathode ray tube.128
CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Chief Superindendent. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development.
Controller of Tank Development. Convoy. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Carton. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Chief Works Office. Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Chemical Warfare (Service). Royal Engineers.ABBREVIATIONS
CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD
Central Statistical Unit.
. Hundredweight. Corps Troops (see also CT). Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Dental Branch Officer. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Chief Examining Officer. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Central Trade Test Board. Coast Watching Post. Chemical Warfare Troops. Communications Valves Committee. Communications valves or closed vessel. Debussing (Point). Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Continuous wave.
Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Army Kinema Service.130
DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Director of Aeroplane Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Air Materiel. Director of Air. Director of Aeroplane Production Works:
. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Army Postal Service. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Deputy Adjutant-General.
Construction and Regional Service. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). General Research and Development. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Director of Armament Production. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Director of Civil Research and Production. Director of Clothing and Stores.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Dive bomber. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT
Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Director of Bombing Operations. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Deputy Controller. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Distance control. Deputy Chief Accountant. Director of Canteen Service. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Director of Armament Supply. Deputy Commander.
. Deputy Controller. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Director of Armament Development. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Royal Engineers. Deputy Chief Engineer. Distant control boat. Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Chief Signal Officer.
Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions.
. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director (in combination).132
DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Design Department Guns. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director-General of Medical Services.
Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning).
Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Operations Division. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Intelligence.
. Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development.ABBREVIATIONS
DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP)
Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Operations (Home).
. Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Electrical Engineering. Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director of Technical Training.134
DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Decontamination. Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of Weapons. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Defence electric light. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Signals. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Public Relations.
ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP
DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE
Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.
DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.
ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS
District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.
DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.
DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C)
Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Director of Personal Services. Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Director of Public Relations. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Canadian and American. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Double parachute link. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Director of Remounts. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Pre-Entry Training. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Pathology. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Diphenylamine. Distant-reading compass (German). Director of Physical Training and Sports. Directional radio. Depot. Director of Quartering.
. Director of Purchases (or Production). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Director of Works. Director of Press Division.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW
Dr or DR
Director of Operational Training. Director of Postal Services. Despatch Rider Letter Service.
Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer.
DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DSO Distinguished Service Order. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. Director of Survey. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Torpedoes and Mining. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Director of Railways. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. DSR Director of Scientific Research. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DWAAF
. Director of Transportation. Director of Technical Training. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Road Research Laboratory. Duty steamboat. Director of Tank Production. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance.140
DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). Director of Radio Production. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). D Sal Director of Salvage. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment.
External Ballistics Department. Echelon (see also E). Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Equipment Branch Officer. Equipment Depot. Director of Warlike Stores. Equivalent full rounds. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Electrical Engineer.
. Engineer-in-Chief. Extended Defence Commander. Extended Defence Officer. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Dropping zone (paratroops). Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Experimental Demolition Establishment. Director of Weapons Production. Equivalent full charges. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Enemy aircraft. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time).ABBREVIATIONS
DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E
(E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Equivalent constant wind. Exchequer and Audit Department. Director of Explosives. Elementary Flying Training School. The East Lancashire Regiment. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Enemy bomber. E Lan R
Director of War Organisation. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. for Gallantry). e. Electric light.. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Explosive incendiary bomb.
. Employment. Emergency Powers Committee. Engineer Vice-Admiral. East Riding Yeomanry. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Engineer Stores. Engine Repair Section. Entertainments National Services Association. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Elevation/range. The Essex Regiment. Embarkation Medical Officer. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Equipment Officer. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Electric Light Officer. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Emergency Transport Pool. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Electric and Percussion. Electric Light Observation Post. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Equipment.142
EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Establish or establishment. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Extra-mural. Engine Room Assistant. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Engine Production or engine propellants. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Ministry of Aircraft Production. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan.
Fire direction table. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fleet Aviation Officer. Field.
Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Fighter Development Unit. Fire Control School. Facing (reconnaissance code). Forced landing. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Field Ambulance. Forward area sight. Forward Air Support Link. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Field Battery.
. Field Hygiene Section. Field Company. Field Squadron.
Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber.
Flying boat (see also FB)
FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO
Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Fleet Accountant Officer. Field Bakery. Fire Control.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO
Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford
Arsenal or fully automatic.
Folding boat equipment. Free aerial mine. Fire Control Plotting Board. Fleet Dental Officer. Field Ammunition Dump. Fleet Construction Officer. Field Brigade. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fleet Engineer Officer. Fleet Adviser on Education. Field artillery tractor. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fighter dive-bomber. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Field imprisonment. Farrier.
FEP FF FFC
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.
FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.
FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS
Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full
FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).
FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).
FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD
Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..
GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ
ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC
Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.
General Staff Officer. General Staff Officer. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. General Staff Officer. High current density. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. Greenwich sidereal time. label. General Staff Officer. 13th/18th Hussars. High angle. or mark). Harbour Defence Motor Launch. Head and breast (telephone set). Heavy anti-aircraft. Head. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. High-altitude bombing. Grade 3 (see also G3). 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Hallamshire Battalion. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). 14th/20th Hussars. High angle upper deck. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. General Staff. Grade 1 (see also Gi). Heinkel. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. The Hampshire Regiment. York and Lancashire Regiment. Haversine. High explosive.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). Training.-148
GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. Grade 2 (see also G2). armour-piercing incendiary tracer. Hexachloroethane (smoke).
. Horse. High explosive. Glider Training School. Hussars or hygiene or height. armour-piercing. Heavy bomber. Geographical Section. The Honourable Artillery Company.
Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. High explosive substitute (or shell). High explosive incendiary tracer. High explosive graze fuze with delay. His Majesty's Canadian Ship. His (Her) Imperial Highness. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). His Majesty's Indian Ship. Height observed (observed altitude). Highest possible score. High explosive tracer. Mustard gas and lewisite. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High explosive graze fuze. His Majesty's South African Ship.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM.
. His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. Hexagon. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). High frequency oscillator. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). Herefordshire Regiment. High frequency (in combination). Hotchkiss (ammunition). Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. High explosive time fuze. Howitzer. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. Heavy Glider Training Unit. Head of the Research Department. Horses (reconnaissance code). Hirings. Hospital. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS
High Explosive Committee. Hertfordshire Regiment. High frequency radio telephone. His Majesty's Australian Ship. High frequency detector.
HV Heavy. Headquarters. USA Headquarters. USA Headquarters. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. Army Service Forces. HQETO. European Theater of Operations. HSB High speed launch. Services of Supply. Headquarters. Infantry (tank). USA Army. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. S. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. "I" Intelligence Officer. Medium Artillery. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. High terminal velocity. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. European Theater of Operations. USA). IAS Inner Artillery Zone. HQRA Hour. U.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Headquarters (and in combination). Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. Army (now HQASFETO. Royal Artillery. IARO Indicated air speed. European Theater of Operations. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. HSL Viscous mustard gas. inspection aircraft. Headquarters. hr His (Her) Royal Highness.
. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. S. HRS Haenschel. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. HTV High velocity. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. HQMA HQSOSETO. Base Area. HQ HQASFETO.150
BRITISH. U. Army. S. HQBA Headquarters. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). Hard strength brass (or bronze). U.
Inspection before delivery. Maintenance. Indicator Loop Station.
Indian Army (see also IA). Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com-
bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see
. Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Igniter's safety fuze. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Imperial Chemical Industries. Infantry. Instructor of Fire Control. Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Coast Artillery. Inch. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Inspection Marine Craft. Indian Hospital Corps. Inspector-General. Imprisonment with hard labour. United Kingdom. Indian Medical Service.
In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). India or Indian. Information or informed.
Indep inf Inf INF
Independent. Identification friend or foe. Incendiary. Inspection Materials. Inspection Instruments.
ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC
Inspector. Imperial Defence College. Indicating Net Defence. Inspection.
Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Staff (Operations). Intelligence Officer. Inter Service Information Series. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Initial Training Wing. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Inspector. Inland Water Transport. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Intelligence Officer. Instructions to proceed. Instructor (see also Instr).152
5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Instrument Production. Irish Republican Army. Initial Training School. Inspector. Intelligence (see also I). Inter-Service Topographical Department.
. Joint Intelligence Staff. Royal Artillery. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Installations. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Inspection Stores Works. type A. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Joint Intelligence Committee. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Inspection note. Instantaneous. Royal Engineers. Quarter-Master-General's Service. India rubber vulcanized. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Isle of Wight. Judge Advocate-General. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Inspection Stores Engineering. Instruction for Practice Seawards.
Light Aid Detachment. Kensington Regiment. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. King's Harbour Master. King's Norton Solution. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. 17th/21st Lancers. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Legal Branch Officer. Kilocycles. George. Pound (monetary unit). 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Light anti-aircraft. Knight of the Thistle. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). King's Regulations.ABBREVIATIONS
JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own
Junior Training Corps. Ethyliodoacetate. Junction. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry.
KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD
Stannic chloride. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. 16th/5th Lancers. Michael and St. Knight Commander of the Order of St. Knight of St. Kite Balloon Section. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Light automatic or lead azide. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. Knight of the Garter. Patrick. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. Junkers. Knight.
. Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft personnel (ramped). Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft. Lift and force (pump). Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft flak (barge). Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft support (small). The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Landing craft personnel (large). Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Pounds per horsepower hour. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Lever. Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft personnel (medium). Land Defence Force. Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft assault. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle.154
LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F
Long aerial map. Landing craft tanks. Lance-Corporal. Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Landing craft support (medium). Leicestershire Yeomanry. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Labour or light bomber. Landing craft support (large). Landing craft infantry (large). Pound. Leader. Local apparent time. navigational. Landing craft barge (dumb). Low frequency. Landing. Landing craft flak. breech mechanism. Latitude (see also L).
LMG Local mean time. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LO Left out of battle. Long The Lothian and Border Horse. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LR London Rifle Brigade. LH Local hour angle. LGA Limbered general service wagon. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. Light machine gun. Lothians Lovat Scouts. Lincolns London Irish Rifles.ABBREVIATIONS LG
The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). LHA Local hour angle (east). LSI (C) 519636o---43--11
. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Loyals Low power or local purchases. LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. LPS Light railway(s). Lovat Liquid oxygen. LP Lord Privy Seal. LS Landing ship dock. LRB Long Range Desert Group. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LSD Landing ship (gantry). LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Logarithm. LMT Longitude (see also Long). Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). LHA(E) Library.
Master-at-arms. Landing ship infantry (large).156
LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Light warning (vehicle). Medical Branch Officer. Light. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Landing Zone. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Landing ship (personnel). Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Lieutenant-Colonel. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Supply Service.
. Low tension (voltage). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Low velocity. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Light warning (portable). Left Section. Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Lieutenant-General. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Link Training Instructor School. Low water ordinary spring tide. Magazine or magnetic. Low temperature annealing. (See LSgt).. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Local Technical Committee. Motor Ambulance Convoy. Landing ship infantry (small). Landing ship infantry (medium). Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Low temperature treatment.
(M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Military Air Defence System. Landing ship (stern). Long wave.
MD MDG Medical Director-General. Motorcycle machine gun. Met or MET
. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. Member of the Order of the British Empire. MCH Maximum ceiling height. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. Manning Depot. Middle East or military engineering. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. MCS Mine Control Station. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Motorcycle.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC
Maintenance. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. Medical Advance Station. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. Mine Depot or message-dropping. md Mean difference. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. Manager of Engineering Department. Motor anti-submarine boat. Major. Megacycles. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Mech Med Medium or medical. The Manchester Regiment. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Major-General (see also MG). MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy.
Mine laying aircraft. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Military Foot Police. Major-General. Miles in the hour (speed). Military Intelligence Officer. Ministry of Home Security. Major-General. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Major-General.158
MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Mobile or mobilisation. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Military Field Photographic Section. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Mark (i. Master of the Fleet. Military Forwarding Officer. e. Military Mounted Police. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Royal Artillery. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Method of filling. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Military. Military Intelligence Service. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. General Staff. Manual of Field Engineering. Mineral jelly.. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Minute. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. model). Medium frequency. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard.
. Motor gunboat. Military Foreman of Works. Major-General in charge of Administration. Mobile Veterinary Section. Medium machine gun.
Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Military Provost Staff Corps. Medical Receiving Station. Metres per second. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Medical Technical Orders. Medical Officer of the Guard. Mountain. Meritorious Service Medal. Miles per gallon. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. MTSD MU my or MV
. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Muzzle velocity. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Motor or motorized. and bolts. Miles per hour. Machineable quality. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Motor torpedo boat. Material Production Liaison Officer. Mounted. Mounting.159
Ministry of Supply. Nuts. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Main Supply Depot.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS .
. Two-man torpedo boat. Mortar. Military Training Pamphlet. Mean' point of burst. Mean sea level. Maintenance Unit. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Message picking up. screws. Ministry of Works and Buildings. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Military Personnel Research Committee. Mine-Sweeping Group.
Natural Navigation. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Naval Air Division (or Directorate). The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own).
. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Naval Control Service Instructions. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Nursing Auxiliary Service. etc. Not fair hit. Non-auto frettaged. Naval Control Service Officer. Non-Combatant Corps. National Defence Research Committee. Naval Air Liaison Officer.160
MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA
BRITISH. Nitrocellulose. Northeast. Non-delay.
Non-ferrous metals. Newfoundland. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Naval Equipment Depot. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Netherlands East Indies. Naval Aid to (1st.) Sea Lord. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Navy. Minor War Signal Station. No break (contact).
Night-fighter plotting. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Navigation Instruction Officer. Army and Air Force Institutes. Non-Comissioned Officer. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane).
N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld
Not available. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Nitrocellulose tubular.
North Irish Horse. Naval Ordnance Department. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Naval Officer-in-Charge.
. National Rifle Association. Nose instantaneous. Naval Liaison Officer. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ
Flashless propellant. Normal temperature pressure. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Not in vocabulary (stores. Flashless propellant. Naval Land Equipment. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. New Zealand. Nose instantaneous rod. No sound back. Nobel rim neonite. Night reconnaissance. contrary to regulations). Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Number. Nautical miles. North Somerset Yeomanry. Naval Transport Officer. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Not known. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Northwest. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Naval Exchange.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Naval Law Branch. Not timed or night tracer. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Not recorded. Night trace flame trace. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). Nitroglycerine. particularly clothing.
Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Board. On His Majesty's Service. Royal Army Service Corps. Operation or operating or operator. Ordnance Field Park. Officer-in-charge. Ordnance Depot. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer).162
O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Operations Section. Operations (see also Ops). Observation post. Royal Marines. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Officer Cadet Training Unit. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Overseas Liaison (Officer). Officer Keeper. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire.
. Open (reconnaissance code). General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Officer Commanding. Divisional Signals. Observation. Officer of the Watch. Officer (see also 0). Observer Officer (see also 00). Oblique photographs. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Officer of the Day. Officer of the Guard or ogival. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Out of service. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Petroleum Warfare Research Station.
Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Pathology. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Observed velocity (i. Operational Training Unit. Operational Photographic Unit. Officers' Training Corps. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Paragraph or parachute. Parachute troops. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). e. Ordnance. at 0 feet. Over water (proof of projectiles). Over water for recovery (to be fired). Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. muzzle velocity).
. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Parachute and cable. Operational Research Section. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. Official use. Parliamentary Secretary.ABBREVIATIONS
Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P
PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB
Operations. Organise or Organisation. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group.. Passive air defence. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Oxford. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Other Ranks Training Unit. Plastic Armour Officer.
Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Postogram. Production Development Station. Production Engine Accessories. Petrol (gasoline). Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Canadian and American. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code).
PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK
. Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Photographic Officer. Phosphorus.164
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Period delay mechanism. Telephone (see also tel). Park. Port Detachment. Partial detonation or projectile development. Proof and Experimental Officer. Production Development Executive. Production. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Principal Establishment Officer. Physical. Projector. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Photograph or photographic or photography. Public House (Inn). Infantry Anti-Tank. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Pounder (see also por and PR). Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Pigeon. Provisional condemning (limit).
Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Phonogram. Paymaster-in-Chief. Principal Military Landing Officer. Petrol (gasoline). Powder metal-lined (case). Provost-Marshal Duties Officer.ABBREVIATIONS
P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO
Platoon (see also Plat). Provost. Position line. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Publications Liaison Officer. Plain language. Regimental Institutes. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Merchant Marine. Pioneer. Principal Private Secretary. Petrol Railhead. Principal Officer. Port of London Authority. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Public Relations Branch. and lubricants. Petrol Point or picric powder. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Position. oil. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Pilot Officer. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch.
. Paymaster. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Post Office. Principal Medical Officer. Press and Publicity Officer. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Plans projector (or position) indicator. President.
Physical Training Officer. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Police War Reserve. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Porton. Graduate. Paper. Quick firing or decoy fire. Private. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. Paravane. Please turn (page) over. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Point. white. Proprietory.166
PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Pick-up truck. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Publication. Quadrant elevation. Printing and Stationery Service. Prisoner(s) of War. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Post War Signals Station. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Postogram.
. Graduate. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. fine. Passed "Y" Test (steel). A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Military Staff College. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Housing signal. Pay. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Physical Training. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Pyrotechnics.
Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical.
QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R
Dummy field. Regulations. Queen's Westminsters. Royal Australian Air Force. Army Ordnance Services. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Royal Army Pay Corps. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment.
RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB
Light decoy. Royal Army Medical Corps. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Supplies. Queen Victoria Rifles. Regimental Aid Post. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Regular Army Reserve of Officers. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Quarter-Master-General. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Royal Air Force. Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Royal Australian Navy. Range and direction as deflected. Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Range and accuracy.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Radio acoustic. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Artillery Survey. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction.
Research Development Engines. Remote Control Office. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Royal Cartridge Department. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Radio counter measures. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply).168
R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B)
The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). carbamite 3. Research Development Aircraft. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Research Development (Naval). Royal Canadian Navy. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Armaments. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Repair Depot. Research Development Instruments. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development Photographic Equipment. Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Research Development Communications. Research Development Marine Craft. Road junction. Regional Development Officer. Royal Canadian Air Force. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. picrate 55.
. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Relief Driver Increment. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. NC 21. Road or round (of ammunition).
Reserve. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Reference. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Research Development Technical Investigation. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. C. Reconnaissance float plane.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH
Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Retired. Representative. Range. Royal Field Artillery. etc.
. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Regulating or regulation. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Royal Gun Factory. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. C. Rifleman. Royal Garrison Artillery. Royal Filling Factory. Regiment or regimental. River Emergency Service. Recruiting Centre. Recovery. Reinforcement (see also rein). Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air).ABBREVIATIONS
RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF
RFA RFA (B. Reference Point A (B. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Registry. Royal Gunpowder Factory.) (reconnaissance code). etc.
Royal Observer Corps. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery.
. Royal Naval Officer. Royal Ordnance Factory. green. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Railway (see also Ry). Royal Military College. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). signal.170
RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Naval Division. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Royal Navy. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Royal Naval Barracks. Rockets. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Regimental Headquarters. Reserve of Officers. Russian Liaison Group. Railway Operating Division (RE). Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Royal Indian Army. Royal Naval Reserve. Render inert mechanism. Rendering mines safe. Raw Materials Depot. Royal Indian Navy. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. River (reconnaissance code). Royal New Zealand Air Force.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Range table muzzle velocity. Research Technical Publications. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Radio Research Board. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Research Report. Rounds per gun. The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). The Royal Ulster Rifles. Radio Production (Technical). Right Honourable. Returned Stores Depot. Royal Corps of Signals.
. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Regimental Survey Officer. Repeated. Royal Small Arms Factory. Regimental Starting Point. (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Rendezvous. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Radio Production (American). Radio Production (Supplies). Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Tank Corps. Royal Scots Fusiliers.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK
Range and projection (scales). The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Regimental Sergeant-Major. Range table. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer.
Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Small bomb container. South African Air Force. Small arms rifle grenade. Small Arms School Corps. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Shilling (monetary unit). Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). South African Irish Rifles. Small box-girder (bridge). Shipping advice and delivery note. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Small Arms School.
SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO
. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. capped. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Salvage. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. South African Engineer Corps. Single-axle drive.172
RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Standard ballistic limit. Railway Telegraph. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Short aerial mine. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Senior British Naval Officer. Squadron Artillery Officer. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Society of Automotive Engineers.
Staff Duties and Training Section. The Duke of Albany's). Second-in-command. Self-destroying tracer. Security Officer. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. NC 50. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer.
. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Supply Dropping Point. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Second or security. Staff Duties. Sector Control Officer (RAF). approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Slow-burning explosive.ABBREVIATIONS
SBO SBX SC
SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD
SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO
Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Scottish Horse. Single-engine fighter. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Corps Medium Artillery. Signal Equipment Design. Signals. Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Siding (reconnaissance code). Superintending Civil Engineer. Section (see also X). Special despatch rider. Sub-Contracting Production. Smoke Curtain Installation. carbamite 9. Royal Artillery. Stores Depot. Signal Distributing Officer. approximate composition: NG 41. Propellant name. Staff Captain.
Secret Intelligence Service. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Shrapnel. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Searchlight Directing Station. Signals. Special issue. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). Searchlight emplacement. Signal. Signals or Communications Officer. Searchlight Commander.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison.174
SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Shropshire Yeomanry. Senior Intelligence Officer. Signalman. Signal Officer.
S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE
is the official British Army form. Service Flying Training School. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness).-
. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). (See Sgt. Sine. Sheet. Sulphurless fine grain. Steam gunboat. Situation Report. is frequently used. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Super-Heavy Artillery School. but the spelling "sergeant. Sergeant. Senior Gas Adviser. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station." which is official in the
Royal Air Force.
' Selected Military) Officer. Staff Officer (Liaison).
. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Senior Naval Officer Landing. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery.
S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR
Sappers and miners. Signal Operations Instructions. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. School of Military Engineering. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Senior Organisation Officer. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM
S/M or SM
Searchlight Engine Room. Searchlight laying. Physical Training. Senior Military Adviser. Superintendent of Mine Design. School of Aeronautical Engineering. Superintendent of Experiments. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Testing device for RAF recruits. Supply Landing Point. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Scientific Liaison Officer. Staff Officer. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Sound locator. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Medical (e. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Organisation and Methods Division. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Secretary.
Submarine (see also Sub). School of Artillery. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room.
Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead.176
SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Royal Engineers. Single-seater fighter. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Signals Research and Development Establishment. Senior Officer. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant.
. Special Duties Officer. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Support. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Supply Refilling Point. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Signalling projector. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Stocks and Storage. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Royal Marines. Single shot. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Squadron. Sapper (engineer). Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Staff Sergeant. Squadron Officer. Ship-born. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Staff Officer. Sector Searchlight Commander. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Senior Officers' School. Royal Artillery.
Super-sonic telegraphy. Strategical reconnaissance. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Standard wire gauge. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Supply. Supply Point. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. The South Wales Borderers. Statistics and Planning. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Standard time. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Switchboard. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Supply Officer. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Small Vessels Pool. Submarine (see also S/M). Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). The South Staffordshire Regiment. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Slightly unsteady. The Suffolk Regiment. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Supply Depot. Station. Sepoy. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Survey (see also SV). Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. The East Surrey Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS
SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST
S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T
Station Sick Quarters. Seater.
Thames Ammunition Works. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation.178
/T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Torpedo Development Unit.
TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF
. Tank Delivery Regiment. True air speed. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tank Board. Tank Committee Liaison. Track (reconnaissance code). Tank Delivery Squadron. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Administrative training. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Armament Officer. Twin-engine bomber. Engineer Officer. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). The Adjutant-General. Trench (reconnaissance code). Twin-engine fighter. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. U. Torpedo bomber (or boat). S. Territorial Army Allowances. Text-Book of Gunnery. Technical or technician. Tank Design Liaison. Test and Development Establishment. Tentacle. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. A. Tactical reconnaissance. Tail delay 2 seconds. Tactical Control Officer. Technical Detachment. Tangent. Traffic Control Post.
Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA
Telephone (see also phone). Temperate land scheme. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Time handed in. Teleprinter (U. Transportation (see also tpt). Tank (see also Tnk).
. Tail instantaneous. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Technical Maintenance Officer. Town gas main. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). S. Threads. Troop or Transport. Time of burning. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Time of origin. Trailer. Telescope identification. Tests of elementary training. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Tail instantaneous. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Time fuze. Time of despatch. Torpedo and mine. Time of flight. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Tank Production Armour (code). Tank (see also Tk). Telephone exchange. Tactical exercise without troops. teletype). Telegraph or telegraphic. sensitive. Thompson machine carbine. Target. Time of receipt. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. TNT beeswax. Training Manual.
Two-speed destroyer sweep. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Torpex. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Unit Equipment Table. Universal call (switchboard). Tube. Goods trucks (i. Temperate sea scheme. Signal Officer.. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Training. Their Royal Highnesses.180
TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC
Threads per inch. percussion. Terminal velocity. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Underwater electrode potential. e. Transported. Union Defence Force. Tank Supply Liaison. Trooper. Trumpeter or transporter. small arm. Telecommunications Valve Committee. United Kingdom. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Unexploded Bomb Committee. Troops. Twin-seater fighter. Tank War Office Liaison. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. freight cars) (reconnaissance code).
Unserviceable (see also U). a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). e.
. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Volume moisture. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Very mild explosion. given either written or verbally (i. Veterinary (see also V). oral). Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Veterinary Evacuating Station. Vice-Admiral Commanding.. orally) to signaller. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Visual indicating equipment. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Vertical interval. Very high frequency. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Vulcanized in rubber. Unexploded bomb. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Victoria Cross. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Vickers-Bertheir. e.. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Vehicle. United States or unsteady start. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Variable elevation beam.ABBREVIATIONS
UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD
VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME
Upper limb. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Valves for Oliphant. Message of which no record is kept. Vickers diamond hardness. Unit Landing Officer. Very low frequency. Verbal (i.
2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Visual signalling. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Warning telephone.182
VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Velocity/pressure. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Western Approaches Tactical Unit. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Vent. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Woolwich adjusted charge. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. Wireless electrical mechanic. War Establishment Table(s). Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Watch correction or water closet. War Department. Week ending. Wing Commander. NC 65. The Welch Regiment. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). War Establishment(s). Wing. War Establishment Committee. Vulnerable point or vent. Veterinary Officer.
WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO
. Wing Officer. Warships (reconnaissance code). Volunteer Reserve. Vertical photograph (or photography). Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). With effect from. Investigation Section. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Visual telegraphy. sealing. or percussion (tube). Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). electric. Velocity of adjustment. Wing Artillery Officer.
War Intelligence Committee. Women's Land Army. Works.. The Worcestershire Regiment.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). White phosphorus. g.
. War Office or Warrant Officer. Yorkshire Hussars. Propellants and charges. Women's Voluntary Service. 1. Warrant Officer. Class 1 (2). Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. M/Je. Workshop. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value).20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). carbamite 2). Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Warships Production Superintendent. Wireless Operator Unit. Wireless School. Extended Defence Officer. 9g. Wagon Line Officer. Weapon training..ABBREVIATIONS
wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x
X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H
Wheeled. Yard. Yorkshire Dragoons. War Registry. Yard(s) (e. NC 65. Explosive(s) or section(s). Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. Women's Royal Naval Service. Cross road(s). The York and Lancaster Regiment. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). e. Signifies experimental failure. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Expanded metal. Withdrawn and replaced.
A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed).184
YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). Lead azide and CE. Wireless Interception Service. Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ).
. Zone position indicator. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle.
ZW ZY ZZ
At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. often means development or design or defence or Department. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. usually means Officer or Order. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. Anywhere . usually indicated by s. at the end of an abbreviation. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. at the end. which is. at the end. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. however.
DAD DD DGC E F G O
P RD S
. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development.ABBREVIATIONS
7. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS
The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. factories. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). may indicate a plural form. at the end.
Appendix A. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects:
(1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state...13
-. etc. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category. discussions on new types of weapons."
b. Other matters. 519636 -4
° 3 --
. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS
1. CATEGORIES a." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). Tables of Organization. ciphers.
(5) (6) War sider
I U. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means.
Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare." (2) "Secret.
or forecasts of manpower. (5) "Not to be published. such as code words. etc."
(3) "Security. General The British use the following categories in classifying
documents and military information:
(1) "Most secret.
(3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and
e. and orders of battle. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. (2) Ciphers.
d. For example.
. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. location lists. etc. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. whenever possible.. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key.188
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
c. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following:
(1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects:
(1) Operations in their executive status. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification.
.. ------... ---. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.-_____"
"Not to be published" -
. S.. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces." Confidential" …l....."-" "Secret" ... Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification. S. 3. . and other documents of a military nature. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification. security categories:
British United States
"Most secret" -----"Secret"-"
----------------... BRITISH AND U.. military training pamphlets....
2. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded....APPENDIX A
(4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally.. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION
Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification.
-.. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U. 1: 20. 2. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.440 . Small ------------1: 126.. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them. maps. Suitable only for large and medium
t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales. 1: 253.. when it was superseded by the Modified British System...000 and 1:250. MAPS
1.1: 633. Standard .. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary. intermediate-1:125.. medium-1:62.
3. S..----------. scales:
British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile .000.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.-.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name
Small ----. Actually U. S.-----.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.63.Appendix B.000 ---------------..--------------.600 .Large.720.000..-.. Small ---------.--------------Intermediate. Large ---------.--.Small. 1.. .500. ...000 -----------------Large.Small.. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U. S. maps and are designated by representative fractions..360 -----I------------Medium. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927...i: 1-. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.000 and 1:100. ¼inch to I mile -. Within the British Isles. I inch to I mile ...
. Large ---------1: 40. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25.. S.
the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. and R. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. Every tenth line is thickened. S. British System (1) Description. military grid maps. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. U. thus making large squares identical in size. P.000 map series of Great Britain.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. b. Q. (2) Use. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. this being called "ceasting. Q7506. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths.APPENDIX B
scales. east and west. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. L. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. M. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted.
." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures.
6). Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places.)
c. (2) Description.
. These squares are again subdivided. The easterly coordinate is always given first. 5).': omitting the letter "I" (fig. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side.
Figure 5. in the small square 21.-British System grid.
02 12 22 32
. Modified British System (1) General. is repeated every 50 kilometers.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. Thus the point P. is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z.192
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. in the large lettered squares. each of which is designated by a letter.
(Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig.
. Modified British System.\
. every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.
(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map..___
°. and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened.APPENDIX B
Figure 6. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered.
The number denotes the distance.-Modified British System grid. (4) Y inch to I mile map.194
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
as shown in figure 7. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in
. It lies in square vH. but owing to the larger scale it is possible.5 units north of the point of reference.3 units east and 3. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. it may be described as the point of reference. without unduly obscuring the detail. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies.
Figure 7. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. in 10-kilometer units. and its reference is therefore vH 6335.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred.
since there is no possibility of duplication.
inch to I mile map.
5 6 778 9
1 8.-On maps of these scales.
(5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.APPENDIX B
.-Modified Figure British System grid. inch to mile mp. namely. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. (v)H 6335. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-Modified British System grid. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses.
on any grid line denotes.-Modified British System grid. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9.196
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. and to every tenth number is added. The number appearing
450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. 59 270
69 6867 . 1 inch to I mile map.5 D 66
65 63… 65
. to the (false)
. in smaller print. this time in kilometer units. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred.
A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.5 units north of the point :of reference. Thus. Its reference is therefore 533675. in figure 9. but this is not normally necessary. the point Q is 53.3 units east and 67.
. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference.AP:PENDIX B
origin of the grid system.
K. W. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). T. N." Pronunciation
I See FM 24-9. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet:
A. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. M. 1942. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. V. C. D.) See also FM 24-10. P. 1943). No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. Z. X. the word itself is first spoken. I.
. O for Orange. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra
When it is necessary to spell a word. F. J. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. O. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' .Appendix C. "Two: T for Toc. U.1 2." b. for example. W for William.-British radio procedures. Procedure" (January 20. E. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES
1. R. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. L. G. S. followed by the phonetic spelling. Y. Q. H. B. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe.
)t. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun".
of numbers is similar to U. 4.0iSi
. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too. 9..1 _
DUG. --. :usage except for-numbers such as 11._ ----.
n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt).Two ---"Foer" _. 3.... 2.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___. _"Sei-en" ---.
reS f1om du
o riioi._ _._W
PG.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--. For instance. etc.Six _"Ate" ---." etc.-
Ob m~ssg 1
Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I
GR. 5.R.4 ___I___1
.--"Six" Five ._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. 33.
.Owe "Wun" ____ -_.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. 7. 8.
. Z44101.Eight FORM
.H.O.-British message blank (reduced from original size). 6. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table:
AND RU .
. 1. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. 22. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-.
(2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. O-w-e. . . 93). Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. cipher. Six. Sev-en --..200
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box. Too... It may consist of plain language. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e." c." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center.. Fife Niner.
. or "stop. g. December 7 is written
7). Wun. A period. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. if any. Wun Six . Wun .. p.. . par. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. Owe.. VI.-. Spaces should be filled in as follows:
(1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. Wun. Six.. . 1. Owe . Ate -.
(5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message.. Foer .. or code.. to which reference is being made.. Niner. Owe ..on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too.
are issued by the General Staff. (T.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. _-----. Deferred -----------
(9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. Any other instiuction. _ By any officer. Immddiate for messages of special importance.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. I.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required.APPENDIX
(8) "Originator's Instructions. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. Signal officers may use this priority. O. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. such as "To await arrival. H.
. The various degrees of priority are as follows:
Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures.-There are several procedures in use. showing in detail which officers may use each priority.= time of receipt. or may be sent as a phonogram. T.= time handed in.
2 Priority lists. No indication------For messages of minor importance. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. R. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. (a) "Written message" procedure." may be put in this space. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. In the case of a phonogram. "Ack" is written at the end of the text.
d. and local time). For routine messages. is given. By commanders and senior staff officers. if any. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs.
(e) "DC" method. no answers being given. "very strong.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method. reply."
.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. (d) "G" method. This is used for quick questions and answers. strength 9. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. This method is used when the receiver must not. "good".-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver.
e. or cannot.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable".-The message is sent straight through. strength 7. "fair". (2) Methods of transmission.202
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
(b) "/VE" procedure. This method is very slow and is used only when com-
munication is difficult. (b) "SR" (send replies) method. (c) "F" method. strength 6.
Appendix D.) ("sixp'nce".00.. and pence. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. now exchanges for about $4. Silver coins: Threepence (3d. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. S. 2/6) (two and six. CURRENCY a.00. equiralent
Farthing (rare) (Yd. however. abbreviated £. S. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4.. 6d. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. meaning 2 pounds. 1 shilling. currency. General The pound sterling.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. a stever) --------------. Prices are usually written in pounds.
Halfpenny (¼2d... or a kick) -----------12 cents. Threepence (rare) (3d. .50.) ("thrup'nce.... which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom..) ("thrup'nce. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents.. s.00 in U..50 cents. shilling.. 5/-) ----------------------$1. Sixpence (6d. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. CONVERSION TABLES
1.035 per British pound ster4ing." or "thrup'ny bit". Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. £5 and up.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s..) ---------------------------------2 cents. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. S.. Shilling-12 pence (Is.
British U. Florin-2 shillings (2s. 1942).. a tanner. Larger denominations of pound notes. a stever)__ 6 cents... 399 (December 9. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. 6 cents.' The table of equivalents given below..." or "thrup'ny bit". See WD Circular No. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2.. Penny (ld.
I The official rate authorized between the U. and d. and 6 pence.
000.. whereas the U.000. jewelry.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. long (20 long cwt.).. S.000. 1. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). 1 hundredweight (cwt.. . 1 milliard. .______ 2.. etc. whereas the U.000)___ 1 quadrillion.000)__ 1 billion.000) ----1 quintillion... a 1 ton.240 pounds.000) -------------_ 1 trillion..240 pounds.--------weigh 175 pounds..03 pecks. 11. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.000 pounds.000.") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds).1 mile.. _ ...bushels.000. below):
British United Slates
. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons.000. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence...7. hundredweight (short hundredweight.) is 2. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f.. are usually priced in guineas..000. _ . or cental) is 100 pounds. or 20 short cwt.000. Thus.000.. 1 billion (1.000. 2.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).000.. i shilling...032 dry quarts. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" . I thousand billions (1.000..2 liquid quarts.. 1 trillion (1.. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound.. automobiles.000. such as a guinea. S.000. precious stones. Expensive articles such as furniture. when an article sells for a guinea. I imperial bushel -------------------1..204
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
b.) -----------. which is equal to 1 pound.0.. I imperial gallon _---------. orthousandmillions (1. S. long -------------112 pounds. I imperial peck 1.. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. Differences The following differences between British and U. 1. J imperial quart
2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. ton (short ton.. 1 shilling.
but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15.1416. Horsepower In Great Britain.7. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33.4D 2 N." horsepower. but such a ratio is incorrect.5. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. as in the United States. which is normally used in the United States. S.APPENDIX
b. However. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). The brake horsepower formula. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. 2 3 3 . D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower.
. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. all of which are similar. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3. For example. In some tables of equivalents.
Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons.
.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds.
(a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds.206
BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
c. and Water4 (1) Formulas. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. use the following formulas:
(a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. Gasoline.
(a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. 240
(2) Weight of gasoline and oil. Oil. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds.
(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums.
1. 13 47.8 1.1267 .248 meters. 000 . 000 75. 080 150. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6.0273 1. 4 M. 735 5 6.5.2534 2.57 23.12 2. 5 1.1584 . 0936 3.01 126. 78 11. 360 39.0845 .2112 . 1.1 12 .7891 42. 470 10 18.027.0634 . 855.680 . 000 100.3333 .8 1 1.4 . 534 .05 25.2. 720 125. 2M. nautical.
ms to m .973 1.0422 .609.005 1. 500 .920 792 72 39.25 . 000 190.971 1. 000 78.Stat.0789 2. 000 .2 meters).901 1.6336 1. 012 183 100 91.3168 2. 1. 267 1.
.4. 000 4. 1529 1. 000 253.9864 50.20 feet (1. 168 .157 3 2. 23 1. 280 .735 4 3. 223 8.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters
92.0158 .0176 63.6667 40. 8554 9.6336 -.792 . 600 500.1333 . 94 -20 40 56.5 2 1. 1 6.3946 . 313 6 667 7. 000 80.7891 .093. 223 1 1.25 3 .0317 . 840 .12 22 66 1 1.5 1. 000 . 000 200.1578 5. 280. 000 126.0158 500 . 934 100. 667 1 10. 971 491.0127 . 120 .44 30. 000 .6 .184 .67 15. 313 5 4.25 1 8 . 37 36 12 7.6093 8 1 4.2 . 891 6.2112 3. 560 .1056 6. 500 . 3 M. 760 5. 2 80 880 1.000 . or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 537 160. 25. 35 31.72 . S. British and Metric Units of Length
(tea[ Ge.1578 .3946 21. 1.15: 5 . 515 1
73.025 .Kilo.267 .0211 . 440 250.2534 .333
Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .1 .15155 statute miles.5 30. 000 .02 .5069 .000 . 4 2. 1584 . Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales
Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M. 087.625 1.2367 12.7600 .3168 .4735 25. 336 . that of the U.1 M. 000 316.5 5261 6667 . 946 4 4. 891 9. 48 20.75
63. 800 300. .54
I The geographical.84 10 7. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere.367 2. . Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.6 2. 2.584 .0 yards.014.25 15.0333 .080 feet (1.92 1
185.168 3 2:534 2.112 3 2.APPEINDIX
d. 2 220 660 I 11 20. 8 16 110 201.000 20. s2 109 200
. 21 600 of a great circle of the earth. 281 1 3 1
9.3333 20. and is called the Admiralty mile.853.4224 1.157 15.2 25 . 240 . 360 1 62.8447
50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 36 . 4 .2 .longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.6313 31. 157 .1267 .4224
. 333 3. 336 1 4 3. 263 1. 6 3. 367 2 1. 10.25 1. 5 3.5 1.853.000 1.000 100 B4t 9 4. 344 4 .3 1.014 .Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. several different values are in use.946 3.0395 1. 1 M.0528 12 67 . 029.0667 1 . 750. 000 400. 34 .3333 .85325 kilometers). 578 1.025 36 .000 . 000 .578 1. 000 633.5 . 117 2. 2.0833 .05 .4 2 .5 6.224 . 280 49. 370 7.3.829 2 6 1 1.672 . 046 63. 91 63.0079
e.317 .. 71 546.
... Atmospheres--------.... 3937 2. .-.0164 61...205 .Meters per second_ ...47 ..746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25.97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----... 432 Grams -. Hectares_ Acres .06 2.. 0 Inches --------------------.387 ...087 feet)-..12 ... General Reference Table for Converting Weights and
Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal
... 50..Meters ...________. 4 ..... .609 34 .-K... Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1. Feet per minute 54. 68 . --.447 2..36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------.609 3 ...028 32 35. 85 Meters per second.161 6.. 508 1...-..27 ..... 223 _ ilograms per square centi.. Meters--... ...04 . Horsepower (metric)'l-.-Kilometers per hour.867 4 645..28.0833 12. 25.. 238 8 4. -..986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550. 802 .------.....16 ....Foot-pounds -. K..5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters ... 288 Meters per minute .. 35 PoundK ----------.907 2 1.---0648 15.------..36 second.1.. 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . 16...-.236 9 Miles per hour-.061 Cubic inches--Liters -. .097 28 ..830 Horsepower -------..... Centimeter .0377 36.018 288 Feet per minute --. Meters per second -.-.014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -... Cubic centimeters_ .....-..........British thermal units per .......3862 Square kilometersSquare .001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ...914 4 1.208 Measures
BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY
I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second...7646 Grains -----------------._---.06 .--------------Miles per hour ------..6 6. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX.0 .. ..08 Horsepower--------. 1.4=millimeters..155 Square centimeters --0--..8 3.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------.405 2.. ... 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1.-.568 1. .011 363 6 88..22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.. S 1.227 3.340 3 ..-----------.Cubic meters_-----------------_ ...---.... .019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ... 764 Cubic inches . 0 ...092 9 10.280 8 Yards -.. .K--Kilograms..... .... 04 ....986 1.001 340 3 Watts -----.. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------. Ounces______-_..0547 18. Watt-hours .
.....102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1..--...589 miles-.03527 .-... 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1.152 . ... .068 03 14.---.. ...0 Cubic feet _...681 82 1..------1.76 Gallons -----------Liters -4..039 37=inches..-.. ..621 37 Kilometers per hour -....'466 7 Feet per second . 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------. Feet per second. U. 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -.Gram calories -..---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.Grams -.. .002 02 14.-----. Miles per hour. . 000 948 1055......016 .-..8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1. 78 .451 Square inches---------Square feet --------..-Square meters..0 Feet per minute.453 59 2. _ ..621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6..02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496..----------------Watts -..984 2 Ounces 35. 0254 39. _'_1.000 948 1055. --Inch_ -..---.0 Feet------------------------Meters...-Meters per second ..197 Pints -------------------------Liters ........-..000 376 8 Kilowatts -.. ...----.211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons.304 8 3.913 33 ..013 15 Horsepower---------.070 31 Pounds per square inch meter. 304 ....013 85 .546 .----------Feet per second -.001 3403 746. Kilograms .... -..08 746.. Quintals_ ..005 08 196... Horsepower ..308 ..892 8 1.186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -. 2654.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76...------.
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