a. S.

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MAY 15, 1943









AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .




CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.




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a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

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a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

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a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

7...RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----.. Page 1.-101 g.----_ ------_---- 105 105 . REGIMENTS AND CORPS a.. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e.--. Headquarters and Formations-Con. Supporting Arms-. FORMATIONS. 6... g.. e. General --------------------------98 b.. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c..IV CONTENTS VI.. Army Air Corps --------------------i. Regiment of Artillery (RA) ... of Royal Engineers (. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .______3. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter . f. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. ----96 98 -_______-... HEADQUARTERS....... STAFF. a. 104 h. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . c.Master .. AND SERVICES-Continued. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued. Household Cavalry ----------------d..General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. 100 f. d. 5. Services --95 2.... i... Departmental Corps ----------------104 4..- a. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------.... APPOINTMENTS. Infantry of the Line -. Appointments ----------------------d. h. b..

C.__. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1. d. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---. General ----.2. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---..___ b. CHANGE 3.... STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a. Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2..... ---- a.... Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D.___-------------_ e. General -----------_____--------b.... CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B. MAPS ------------..__-..----------------187 187 Appendix A.... Origin -----------------------.-__-.CONTENTS V Page .. SCALES--__.....---------1._____-..__-.....--... "Secret"_-. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 .. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-... BRITISH AND U. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -.. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c... a. Sending a Message __. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------.... b..------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---.. GENERAL--______________________.1..... Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. S. -. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1...... b.. GENERAL---____-_--..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-.. c.....---__ ------------_ 2.--a.... CONVERSION TABLES --------------------..----------- 190 190 190 3....-____-_..

Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. Differences ------------------------b. S. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. U. British System grid --------------------------------6. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued.VI CONTENTS D. Modified British System grid. 2. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. Grid lettering._194 195 196 199 .. Modified British System grid. U. U. Modified British System ----------------.. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. 7. S. Horsepower -------------------------c.------------. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. Modified British System grid. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. Gasoline. 4. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. S. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3.. Oil. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . British and Metric Units of Length ---f.

equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. However. and the U. 1 . troops. battery do not have the same connotations for U. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. for example. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. and British officers. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. S. ton. gallon. S. In the lists which follow. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. S. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation.Section I. military terms are given with their British equivalents. common U. Since new forms are constantly appearing. S. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning.

of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. p.Section 11. rather. there is no Chief of Staff in British units.-Single batteries. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-Absent from post or duty. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. (see fig. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. U. military terms with their definitions. platoons. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. S. Accountable officer. 4. For example. . functional term has no British equivalent. Responsible officer. S. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. etc. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. S. 97). Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). United States Absent without leave (AWOL). Where a U. Accompanying artillery. or of funds.

To move forward. . train bivouacs.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). censorship. Same.-An engagement or battle. quartering." It comprises: supply. Adlninistrative order. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. military governmrent. graves registration. usually issued by divisions and higher units. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. Advance by echelon. sanitation. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. and evacuation. maintenance. usually one on a small scale. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order).-When unqualified. S. Advance by bounds. main supply road(s). salvage.U. Same. To make progress in the direction of the enemy. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. evacuation.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. replacements. straggler line. burials. for the exercise of temporary control. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). such as traffic. Same. Administrative map.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. construction. Administration. necessary tactical details also shown. transportation. supply.-An order covering administrative details. Adilressee. or both.) Advance. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. personnel management. Same or administration map. Advance command post. and other allied subjects. computations pertaining to movements. Same. martial law. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. such as supply and evacuation installations. No equivalent. (See also Combat orders. rear echelon. traffic control.

and wire communication.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. . (See cedes the main body on the march.-A security detachment which pre. Agency of signal communication. Aid station. Aerial (or air) photograph.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre. and moves ahead of. Aerial (or air) photograph. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. pertaining to air navigation has been added. and messenger.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard.-Observation from bal. (See fig.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500.Advanced guard.-A term embracing Signal unit.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment. tion to which the wounded are brought.Aerial observation.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. fig. 1. Advance party. Aerial (or air) observation.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. signal supply.-An establishment of the Medical De.) Advance message center. the support of the advance 1.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. units having organic or attached observation aviation. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit). airplanes. Air area. Van guard. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. any kind of aircraft.-Advance toward. oblique (vertical). visual. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. sound. Advance on. signal intelligence. Same.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. intended primarily for use in air navigation.) Aeronautical charts. loons.000). radio.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. (RAP) (in the case sorting. or airships.-A detachment that is sent out by.000. Advance section. subdivision of the communications zone. pigeon.

(6). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L. O U. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology)..S. S. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). (5) Main guard. (4) Van guard. (13) Rear guard mobile troops.S.) (7) Advanced guard. . (2). (11). (10) Main body of rear guard. (8) (Same.-U. S.tU. ROUTE COLUMN ( U.o. Rear guard: (9). (12) Rear parties of rear guard. Figure 1. (3).

-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. including aircraft warning services.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. balloon barrages. Same. Air-landing troops.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. British Same. Alinement. Airborne troops.-A state of readiness for movement or action. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. Alert. Alternate firing position.-A warning system consisting of observers. pursuit aviation. antiaircraft artillery. Same. Air raid warning system. arming. and maintaining military aviation units. Air superiority (or advantage). Airdrome. Vigilant. An alarm warning. Car post (CP).-A landing field. Aircraft warning service.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances. Alternate emplacement. Ambulance loading post. information centers. Alternative position. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. Aerodrome. Fighter command.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. Alternative site.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Air superiority. Alignment. Air defense command. Same. operating. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. . with the necessary additional installations for servicing.

defence Antiaircraft defense. to the point of effective small-arms fire. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station. mission is employment against armored vehicles.IU.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. Approach. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. Antitank mine field. S. Annexes. tables. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery.Anti-tank ditch.-A point established for the ad. The route leading to anything. and establishments against mechanized. or air attack is encountered.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). It includes passive means of defense.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. charts. any device similarly operated. Ambush. to protect troops. as a bridge. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. forces against attack from the air. Approach march. also.-The advance. . Antitank ditch. installations. or armored units.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. etc. motorized. Antimechanized defense. To attack from such a position. Appendices and traces or annexures. overlays. maps. usually in extended Same.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. sketches. dispositions.. sage of track-laying vehicles.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). front to rear and vice versa. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). forms. employed to amplify orders and reports. graphs.-Orders. Antitank mine. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. Troops posted in such a position. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. be approached by an attacking force.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. Antitank weapons.-A route by which a place or position can Same.

Armoured troops. Same. Artillery corps. they may be fixed or portable." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance.-Obstacles prepared by human agency.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. Same. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack. assigned to General attack. and attached artillery. assault.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. Armored force.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. Refers to the head of a unit. company.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Assault. division. general. Artillery with the corps. Same. Armoured car. section. it is called the "charge. . Army Regulations. includes corps. Artillery preparation.-To reach a designated point or line. Assault. Armored car.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Artillery position. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. local. Arrive. Local attack. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. Same. When delivered by mounted troops. Artificial obstacles. Assault. platoon. King's Regulations.

(See also Exploitation. Ballistics. The regular grouping. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. Axial road.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit. 2. Normal supply. named in the direction of contemplated movement.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. .-a.) (See Leading troops in attack. in close order. continuing." Same. Supporting arm.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. 2. 10.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time.) Attacking echelon. forming up or concentration (b). 10.) (See Main supply road.-The science of the motion of projectiles. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).-(Obsolete. Auxiliary arm. Attached unit. Assembly position.) Axis of signal communication. fig. (See fig. Exploitation. p. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. prior to or following combat.) Unit "'under command. p. S. b.U.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. Same. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). Automatic supply. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. Attack.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. Assembly area.-The leading echelon in attack. The grouping of units in areas. of the elements of a command. No equivalent. Balanced stocks. Attack.

) (7) Plan of attack.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL).) (9) Exploitation. (2) (Same.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position. Figure 2.) (5) (Same. S.-U. .) (6) (Same. (4) (Same. (8) (Same. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).

for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). Barrier tactics. Same. No equivalent.U. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. either natural or artificial. Battle map. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. Balloon bed. or both. Barracks bag. under the control of the commander of the theater.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve.-The position of principal resistance in defense. .-A map.000.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. for the theater of operations as a whole. Barricade. Beach defense. that block or restrict entrance into an area. Barrier. S. No equivalent.-A group of obstacles.-Prearranged on a line or lines. Same. 519636--43----2 Same.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Base section.-A barrier of captive balloons.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment. Beachhead. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend. Kit bag. Same. Base reserves. Base area. Base unit (or base of movement).-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. Beach defence. fire Barrage. Same. Same. Same. usually applied to roads. Battle position.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. either stationary or moving.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. No equivalent.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20.

letters and numerals. Call sign. armoured formations shelter tents. Camouflage. or of Code sign. or location of material.-A system of standing barrages enclos.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. .--Work done for the purpose of deceiv.--Shelter consisting of private or public build.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same. Bracket. nature. when it strikes the ground.Same.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves. classified as "light.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. Camp. Box barrage.Same. A temporary location or station for troops.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. one giving a center of impact which is over. and the other a center of impact which is short of. Bombardment aviation. troops. ing an area. ing the enemy as to the existence. elevations. the target.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. Boundary. or improvised shelter. Bridgehead. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. usually a group of letters. To establish a camp.Same. used for radio station identification. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. Breakthrough." Bomb-release line. a defended area over which a bomber. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. ings. Beaten zone. classes established in dumps on the beach." "medium. Bound.-The difference between two ranges or Same.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. Bivouac." and "heavy. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. Same. To put into camp.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare).-A signal. vancing in one of several successive moves.Same. aircraft. Billets.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. or military works.

) Chlorination. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. detailed as such. Hutment.-The middle point or element of a command. discharge. Same. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. and all communications. Registration. Poisonous gas. No. capture. Censorship. Same. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. Same.) Chemical agent. Cylinder. the right center element is considered the center element. Casualties. is capable of producing a toxic effect. sickness. Chemical cylinder.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. a screening smoke. Same. If the number of elements considered is even. publications. Casualty agent (chemical).-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. Same.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. Chemical land mine. radio broadcasts.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. they are applied to private communications.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure.-Losses in numerical strength by death. a powerful irritant effect. Chief of Staff. (See General Staff. Cipher. S. Check concentrations. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field.equivalent.U. No exact equivalent. or desertion.-A substance useful in war which. Center. photography. .-The senior General Staff officer.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. press dispatches. or an incendiary action. Same. wounds.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.

excepting those of the first echelon. fuel oil. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition.-To pass a designated point or line. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. arms. and machinery. Same. will eventually belong to this corps. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). Diesel oil. Refers to the tail of a unit. Clear (verb). Same. of all items.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. antitank mines. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME).' Same. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. Traffic map.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. orders. such as rations and forage.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. Clear (in the). including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). Class IV. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Circuit diagram. construction materials. such as clothing. treated if necessary. Class V.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. Petrol (gasoline). and turned over to the army for further evacuation. and chemicals. sorted.-A fuels and lubricants. pyrotechnics. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. gas masks. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). and instruments. Class I. and coal. radio sets. Circulation map.") Close order. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. trucks. (Formerly called "hospital station. Casualty clearing station (CCS). a newly formed corps. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ).14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. Clearing station. stations.-The sending of messages. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). behind the first echelon. such as fortification materials. tools. oil. .

-The organization of the Coast defence force.U. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. placed one behind another. Coastwise sea lane. waters adjacent to the seacoast. Coast artillery district. or numbers.-A naval force which may be organ. seacoast. Code. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units.-A point designated for the collec. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance.-The whole area of the navigable Same. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander. Collecting point. Collecting station. S. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. ineluding such forward. words.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. phrases. . and rear security forces as may be employed. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. Coastal frontier defense. Coastal frontier.Fortress command. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force. Column. only). letters.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.Same. flank.-A peacetime tactical com. Coastal zone.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS).

Air Corps. Combat intelligence.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. Combat team.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. by the Army and Navy.-Military intelligence produced in the field. such as an infantry regiment. after the outbreak of hostilities. United States Combat echelon. Joint operations. It is divided into army. Forward area.-Oral. Combat orders. and administrative orders. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. a field artillery battalion. corps. Cavalry. etc.. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. Combat outpost. or any two or more of them. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. letters of instruction. as the Infantry.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. and air forces). covering any phase of operations in the field. Corps of Engineers. as by two or more allie§. and supported by.) Combat zone. Outpost. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. and a combat engineer company. brigade group). Combat unit loading. Combat orders include field orders. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). dictated. and division areas2 Combined operations. g. land. Field Artillery.-(See Unit loading. .-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders).

TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command.-A motor vehicle. Commercial loading. Armoured command vehicle (ACV). (See Post exchange (PX).-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. usually run by NAAFI). Command car. Communications zone. Grocery shop and store. Command post. Communicable disease. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. Advanced (or forward) HQ.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. Same. Line of communications (L of C) area. the establishments of supply and evacuation.-A disease caused by germs. Commanding ground. One of the essential elements of -military organization. the other two being combat and supply elements. ration shop. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. which can be communicated from one person to another. S.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. usually armed and armored. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. other than personal equipment. To order or exercise command.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position.'U.) Same. No equivalent. containing the lines of communication. Contagious disease. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. has been issued to them. Commissary. and local produce store (part of an institute. .

-a.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. Containing action. Company aid men. Connecting file. To restrain. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. on mobilization.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges. Connecting group (or file. Same. Contain. or bodies of water. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. To enclose. Conferene call. Same. Same. Multiple call. Same.-To hold in place.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. Same. Same (a and b). Same. An assembly of troops in a particular locality. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Concertina wire. Concentration.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. Consolidationof position. Composite photograph.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere. massed fire (c). Same. woods. Concealment. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. No equivalent. cities.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. for training. Compartment of terrain. b. c. or defense. attack.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation. .

Same. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. other than the normal zone.. Counterattack.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. Control point. Vertical interval.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force. Contingent zone.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. S.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. Corridor. Contour interval. Convoy. Coordination. adjacent contours. Same. Same. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Counterbattery fire. No equivalent. Cossack post. .-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement.-An area within the field of fire.) Cooperation. Same. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. and combining to gain the best results. 19 United States Containingforce. Convoy unit loading. or leads toward an objective.-The act of supervising.U. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). Controlled mosaic. Observation post by day. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. To escort. regulating. Same.-(See Unit loading. with a single sentinel in observation.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.

Same.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage.) Crest. Coverage.-The summit or highest line of a ridge.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. No equivalent.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. Cryptography. Same.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. Same.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. attack. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. or defense. Counterreconnaissance. Same. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. reconnaissance.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. and their careful protection. Same.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same. Counterpreparation.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. Covering force (or detachment). Cover. To protect. Credit. Reserve supplies. The actual or topographical crest. or from the trench board. (See also Reserve requirements. . Same.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. or provide security for. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). Cryptographic security. Counterintelligence. another force or a locality. Same.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. or any object affording such protection.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. or by any combination of these methods. to the top of the parapet. their proper use. Counteroffensive. Same.

-To march from a defile. Same.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. strength report is included. or other close country into open country. To conduct a defensive battle. Same.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces. one side being decisively defeated.--(See Unit of fire. Coast defence area. Defense.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. Dead space. b. Day of fire. A decisive outcome of a battle.-a. sive in order to gain an objective. area. Same.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. . Defended locality. Decision. Defensive-offensive. S. Daily train. Daily supply train. wood.) than a regiment). state of being defended. Defense.-To translate a code message into ordinary language. British Daily ration strength state.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day.) Day of supply.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. Intention (a). Defence. Daily wastage rate. or. Danger space. Decode. and later to initiating an offen. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. Dead ground. Defensive coastal area. same (b). Danger area. because of intervening obstacles. and inshore of. To secure Defend.-To maintain against force. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall. Debouch.'U. Same. against attack.-The means adopted for resisting attack. The act of defending.

Intermediate position. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. to the front.-A form of defensive action em. or sound. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. Defile.Same. . A battle position. obstructions. harbor. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy.-A message whose delivery to the Same. No equivalent. usually including the approach to an important port.-A portion of the coastal zone. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size.-An attack delivered or a show of Same.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. Defensive sea area.Same.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. Defensive zone. bay. Defilade. Demonstration. Delaying action. Delaying position. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. Deferred message.-A position taken up for the pur.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. generally parallel Defended locality. within which. Defensive position. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged.-Protection from hostile ground observa. be traversed only on a narrow front.-A belt of terrain. tion and fire provided by a mask.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. or which restricts lateral movements.

-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. whether actually in march or halted. Discharge. Same.-The direction in which the base of the command. Same.-To release from service.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. S.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. storage.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. and forwarding of replacements.-An order delivered orally.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. Discipline. Depot. Same. 23 United States Deployment. Direct support.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. . Direct pursuit. or for the reception. or salvage of supplies. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Development. British Same." Same. classification.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Directionof march. Same. No equivalent. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. classification. Detonator. Dictated order. "In support.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. Pursuit.-An organized locality for the reception. Deployment. Same. and including the envelopment thereof. Detachment.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. Same. Detached post. including the front and rear elements.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. Depth. in preparation for action. is facing at the instant considered.U. Same. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. Same. Direct laying. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. issue.

division. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose.-A place. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. the latter become distributing points.-A slip or waterway. Dump. or smaller unit. for the reception of ships.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. Same. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. Distance. to subordinate units or to individuals.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. such as "Class I Distributing Point. march.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. or SP). 1st Division. A delivery of supplies. Displacement. (AP). and by the identity of the unit establishing them.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Dud. other than a depot or railhead. Distributing point. as between two piers." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. . Distribution. Same. United States Dispensary. Same. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. 1st Infantry. Same. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. Dispersion of projectiles. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. Same. accomplished im various ways. Movement to new position. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Same. without hospitalization. (AP)." Dump distribution.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps.) Dock. or maneuver. dump (railhead) (unit).-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another." Distribution. Disposition. as battle.

Emplacement. In battle formations. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front).-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. meaning quartermaster. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. S. . Emergency barrage. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. Same. generally different in character.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target.-The range at which. Embussing (debussing) point. Effective range. engineer. Same. No equivalent. Entrucking (detrucking) point. Superimposed fire.-To translate ordinary language into code. To prepare a message in code.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. effective results may be expected. support echelon. Encode. as service elements. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. The various subdivisions of a headquarters. Same.) Encircling force.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. Same. Enfilade. for a particular weapon.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. etc. British No equivalent (refers only to transport).-One of the subdivisions of a command. and medical units. (See Firing position. ordnance. such as the attacking echelon. Enveloping force. Same. Entrucking group. mat6riel. and reserve echelon. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth.-Troops.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point.U. Element.

animals. Escort. Essential elements of information. also.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. Estimate of the situation.-A body of armed men to guard a person. and its application to the situation. including the expression of his decision. prisoners of war. Assessment of value of intelligence report. Same. sick.) Evacuation. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. Espionage. Appreciation of the situation. and information requested by other units. and wounded). usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. its credibility. persons. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. Evaluation of information. (See also Situation. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. Same. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. Same. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same.-That information of the enemy. or goods on a journey. that is. Escortforce. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. of the terrain not under friendly control. . Same. avoid surprise. its accuracy.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. conduct a maneuver.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. Same. United States Envelopment. or formulate the details of a plan.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies.

Same.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. a predetermined line along which. Field order.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. is placed grazing fire.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. "B" echelon transport. Field fortification. fuel. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations.-The maximum range of any weapon.) Field train. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). greater than in close order.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. Exploitation. or both. Extreme range.-For machine-gun fire. Same. reinforce- .) Extended order. Same. Same. Operation order (00).U. (See also Combat orders. often fixed as to direction and elevation. (See Train. Feint. the second-in-command. Same. First-line ment.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances.-Formerly.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. To make a feint. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. A pretense. S.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. A stratagem. and not the second-incommand. Fixed line. continuing.) Filler replacement. in order to stop assaults. forage. (See also Attack. generally. Final protective line.

grazing. Fire trench. Fire. indirect. Same. Fire with a long or continuous danger space.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. leading. or other linear target. low-angle.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. Same. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. traversing. frontal. high-angle.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range. Fire. Same. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. overhead. assault.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. Same.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. observed. Fire. Fire superiority. searching. United States Fire. Same. Same. Same.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. plunging.-Fire which is adjusted by observation.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Same. . Sweeping (or traversing) fire.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Fire. Fire on targets of opportunity. Fire. Fire.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Fire. Aiming off. oblique. Fire. Fire. Same. Same. Fire. Same.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. Same.

Fire control. direct. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit.-The combined fire of a group of individuals. Fire. Destructive fire.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. cone of. Searching and sweeping fire.U.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. collective.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. Fire.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Fire. Same. Same. combined traversing and searching. Same. Same.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Fire.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. converging. destruction.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fixed armament. S. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. alternate. Fire direction. Same. Fire. Fixed obstacles. classified as primary.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. Same. Same. Fire. Fire. . at appropriate times. Same. conduct of. or supplementary. British Same.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. Fire discipline. Firing position.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. First aid. Same. Same Same. Fire control.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun.

-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear.-The side of a command. British Same.-Foodfor animals.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target. Flanking attack. Same. Fire on fixed line. Same.) Fire for effect. Follow up. Same. or trial Same. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. Flank. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Foragers. Firefor adjustment. by observation.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. Fire.-Firedirected at a single point. without traversing or searching.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. fixed (concentrated) (point).-The act of exerting close. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. inclusive.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. inaccuracies in the firing data. Same. other than for registration. Right flank is the right side. Forage. distributed. Fire. p. Same. battery. from the leading to the rearmost element. Flank guard (or patrol). Anlly fire against a hostile target. . flanking. 5. when facing the enemy. 1. To collect supplies for men and animals. Same. field of. Same. Flight. Follow. or other unit. (See also Check concentrations and Registration.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force.--To regulate movement on the element in front.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. (See fig. Registration shoot.) No equivalent. Fire.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. Same. Same.

Same.) Fragmentation. S. or grenade. G-3. (See also Letters of instruction. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. Same. Front.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell.-Small. A strong and fortified place. Same. British Fort. Front line.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. (See Shelter trenches.) Gait. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. G-2. Fragmentation bomb. or gallop.-The direction of the enemy. The line of contact of two opposing forces.-(See General Staff. G-l. Anti-personnel bomb. G-4. Frontage. Same. or in any other designated disposition. Formation.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. individual shelter or rifle pit. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Foxhole. bomb.U. The space occupied by an element. No equivalent. Same. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. the walk. Same. A permanent post. in column. Fragmentary orders. in any given situation. .-The space. exclusive of local security.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). Same. trot. 31 United States Forced march. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. Gait of march. in echelon.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. in width. Operation instructions. that is.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements.-The line formed by the most advanced units.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line.

tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff.-An organization charged Same. pars. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. 96. Each sec(or the "A") branch. pp. 94-95. S-3. Operathe "Q") branch). of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. not assigned to armies or smaller units. General support. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. S-1. Personnel. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. and No equivalent.) the division. S-2. G-4. 4. G-2.-A tactical com. Groupment (Field Artillery). The General the "GS" or the "G") branch.-Irregularwar car. tions and Training.-All combat. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war. reconnaissance.Same. War Plans lb and 2. VI.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. and with the (See sec.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. Intelligence.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. and fig. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. and is not to 8. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). . General Staff. ried on by independent bands. Supply. be confused with G-3). p. In units smaller than p. GravesRegistrationService. a fifth section. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. S-4. GHQ aviation. note Division of the War Department. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. within the continental United States.-A temporary grouping Grouping. 97. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. War Department.Group. transport' aviation. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). G-3.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units.

vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. Specifically. Harbor defense. Holding and reconsignment point. etc.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire.-To retain physical possession. Harassing fire. military and air forces.U. armoured formations or units). closely. and to lower his efficiency and morale.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. Hatch. Harassing agent. .Same. annoy the enemy. the image of the horizon.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval.) Harbor. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. Harass. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. raids.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. against attacks from the sea.-A chemical agent used to force Same. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening. more Same. it applies to a small sled on runners. Same.--A term generally applied to air.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. High oblique.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. Heavier-than-air. (See also Interdiction fire. Hand sled. S. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. of march. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide. Same. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. Hold (verb). masking and thus slow up enemy operations. Head of column. frequent small attacks. by hand.

Horse length. British No equivalent. Infiltrate. Immobilize. Same. Minute. Incendiary agent. To deprive of mobility. In position. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. Initial requirements. Actually.) Identification panels. Indirect laying. Same. Individual equipment. a horse length is considered 3 yards.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. Starting point (SP). Indorsement. Forconvenience in estimating space. Same.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. Same.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. . Ground strips.-(See Clearing station. Hospital station. Same..-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target.-To tie down. Personal clothing and equipment. organizations. Same." Same.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. Inner harbor area. Identifications. Same. or equipment are identified.--Atermof measurement.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit. Initial point (IP). it is about 8 feet.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) .

Same. Intermediate-scale maps. Same. and supply of troops. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. concentration.) Intermediate objective. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. Smnall-scale maps. including the movement.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. lacrimation. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered.U. coughing. . Integrity of tactical units.) Irritant smoke. No equivalent. S.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing. British Same.000. Interdict. Toxic smoke.-The objective whose attainment precedes. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. No equivalent. Interval. Intercept station. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set).-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. Same. intended for planning stragetic operations. Intermediate section. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. No equivalent.000 to 1:500.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. (See also Time interval. or both.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Interdictionfire. Sanme. Inshore patrol. Interpretation of information. (See also Harassingfire.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. the attainment of the final objective. and is usually essential to.

36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Specifically. To emerge or sally forth. Lachrymator.) Liaison. 2.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Junction point.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. used to insure coordination between adjacent units. Same. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations. To send out officially or publicly.--(See Combined operations.-A delivery of supplies. The supplies so delivered. Same.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. Operation instruction (s).000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. fig.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. Same or vital point. as from a defile or fortress. Same. Key point. Line of departure. British War diary. Same.) (See . Limiting point. affording observation and communication. as orders or communiques.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. Letter(s) of instruction. Large-scale maps. Same. Lacrimator. Leapfrog. Same. Same. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement.) Journal. Landingfield. 10. Line. Start(ing) line.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Lighter-than-air.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another.-A tactical locality.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. p.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders. Joint operations. though temporary. eye pains.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense.

Main effort. Lung irritant.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. and quartering of troops. Local counterpreparation. Main attack.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. waterways. Long ton. Lines of action.U. Loss replacement. Supply lines. supply.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon.) Litter relay point. No equivalent.-In each tactical grouping.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Same. British Same. Line route map. . Courses of action or courses open. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation. and evacuation. Ton. Same. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. Main body. Defensive fire. Lines of communication.-The weight of 2. Reinforcement. (See also Communications zone. Same.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. Same. Transport.-The network of railways. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. A command less all detachments. Same. Same.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction.-The principal part of a command. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. S.240 pounds avoirdupois.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport. Logistics. supply. Low oblique.

fourth echelon. maintenance carried out by base workshops). other than first echelon maintenance.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel.--Driver's maintenance.) Main artery of supply. e.-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. Manifest (ship's). note 1.-That maintenance.. First-line repairs (i. first echelon. Maintenance requirements.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. maintenance carried out.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. e. etc.-Movement so designed as to place troops. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises.). or imaginary. ..-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. 2See p. ordnance. third echelon. second echelon. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). performed by the using arms and services. mat6riel. 14. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. e. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. Maintenance. (See fig. e. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).. represented. R E. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map. Maneuver.") Maintenance. maintenance carried out by army workshops). Same.. 3. 2 Base repairs (i. daily maintenance by driver). 2 Third-line repairs (i. Main supply road. 2 Second-line repairs (i. Maintenance. (Formerly called "axial road. though one side may be outlined. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. Maintenance.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. 2 Manoeuvre.

. S.-U. S. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology).U. (4) Company sector. Figure 3. (3) Platoon sector. (6) Brigade reserve area. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (5) Battalion sector. (2) Brigade reserve position.

-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. March graph. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). or while regular outposts are being established. Covering detachment. British Same or track discipline.) March discipline. showing the relative size and position.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. Mask (obstruction).-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. or some part of it. woods. usually an intervening hill. visual. Martial law. March on. and wire communication. movement Same.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. (See also Security detachment. Maps. March outpost.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander. sound. Means of signal communication. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. etc.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. Same or table. Movement graph. Same. such as messenger. No equivalent. radio. according to some given scale or projection. Same.-A graphical presentation of a march.-March toward.) March table. pigeon.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. Same. of the parts represented.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. Group.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. . March unit.

-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. and its further use. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. intended for strategical. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning. (See app.) Mechanized cavalry. local messages. .-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message. Medium-scale maps. 190. Signal office.000. transmission.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. Message.) Military crest. documents. par.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons.. Mechanized unit. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. Message. Memorandum receipt. therefore.000 to 1:125. those handled by the military or civil postal service.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle.U. etc. S. orders. is undesirable. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). Receipt. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. reports. maps. Same. transmitted by a means of signal communication.-A term which includes all instructions.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. Encounter or contact battle. Same. Same or signal or despatch. Same. tactical. in plain language or code. and those arriving by special messengers. photographs.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. p.) B. Message center. Meeting engagement. 2.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. Crest.

Morning report. Daily strength state. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation. information concerning a possible or actual enemy. Military intelligence. gathered from any source.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Morale. . Mission. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Military information. Minimum range. Same or task. Same.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. Mine layer. Minimum crest clearance. Same. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. Mopping up.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps"). or theater of operations. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. This class consists of railway.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. tractor-drawn. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. Military Police. Same. United States Military government. Mine planter. Same.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. Same.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. and truck-drawn artillery.-Information. Mobile reserves. Mobile armament.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position.

-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. in general." "uncontrolled. Neutralization fire. .' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. forests. hampering or interrupting movement or action. Neuttalise. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Motorized unit. Normal zone. Same.U. rendered one another by adjacent elements.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. Normal barrage. Barrage. Same. mountains.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. Same (but with no definite time limit).-Not poisonous." or "strip. such as deserts. Mutual support. classified as "controlled. Zone of fire.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports. Same or motor unit.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. 519636°--43----4 Same. Nonpersistent agent.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. S. Natural obstacles. Same. and. Neutralising fire. Same.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. streams.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. Objective. swamps.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. Nontoxic. etc. Multiple-lens camera.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission." Motorization.-The support involving fire or movement or both. Same. Same. Neutralize.

military symbols. defenses. overlays. Offshore patrol. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). Officer of the day. Same. Order of march. to show location. photographs. either natural or artificial. for the observation of an area or sector. and liaison duty for ground units. using conventional signs. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. . Oblique aerial (or air) photograph.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. and command. Same.-An order delivered by word of mouth.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. No equivalent. tactical or protective. Requirements. Same.-Any device or feature. fixed or portable. Same. British No equivalent. Operation map. courier. or drawings. Orderly officer. or their order in the march column. charts.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. Operation map. Oral order.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit. approaches.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. (or sketch) Verbal order. Observation aviation. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. maps.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order.-The disposition of troops for a march. and other important data concerning the objective. abbreviations. Obstacle. for the study of objectives. observation of artillery fire. etc. Organizationalrequirements. and writing or printing. Observation post.

. to make another conversant with.-(See Unit loading.-A step of 30 inches. British No equivalent. are shown. 45 Same.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. No equivalent. Expeditionary force.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. (See Combat outpost.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. on which various locations. Orient. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground. for laying over a map. Rate of movement. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. Forward standing patrol.) Outpost area. the length of the full step in quick time. S. Line of outposts. targets. Outpost line of resistance. Outpost.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. Same. Pace. as of artillery.) Organizationfor combat.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. field works. Outguard. occupied by the observation or outpost elements.U. Same. Same. etc.. Trace.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. enemy positions. Same. Overlay. Outflank. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. To identify directions on the terrain. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. To inform or explain. Overseas operations. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line.

For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. The act of patrolling. sometimes armored. Personnel carrier.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. Penetration.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. . Patrol. Same. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Park. Party. Same. Parachute troops. maintaining. and parking vehicles. Same. the battlefield. Passage of lines.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. Report line.-A motor vehicle. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. Persistentagent. and in the occupation and organization of the position. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. British No equivalent. Leapfrogging.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. and on. in issuing his initial orders. Same. in initiating the movement forward to position. Same. Same. Phase line.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. Photogrammetry.-A form of individual pack.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. common in northern countries. Same. Same. or both.

standing Same. including. Canteen or Navy. assembly. (Point section of the) van guard. Plan. Port of Embarkation.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. British Same. Piquet or patrol. Portable obstacles. . 47 Same. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. S. Position. on its face. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). as the basis for his orders to his command. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Same. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. Pin point.-(See Assembly area. Photographic reconnaissance.) Position in readiness. Same.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered.-Obstacles capable of being moved.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted. (See fig.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. 1. Picket.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point.-A scheme or design. Same. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language.U. Point.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. p.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. Photomap.-The text of a message which. Post exchange (PX). No equivalent. at least. or follows the rear party of a rear guard.) Movable obstacles. a scale and a directional arrow. Army. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. specifically for any military operation. 5. Position of readiness.

Pursuit. Precede.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. Protective obstacles. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Priority message.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. Prisonersof war.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. Same. Provisional map. British Predicted fire. or instruction) is not interrupted. Priorities.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. drill. . in order of time.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. Primary firing position. or other transport. the precedence of shipment. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately). Same. Same. Important message. Same. road.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. No equivalent. or the performance of several tasks.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Same. under quarantine. Pursuit aviation. It may contain form lines or contours. the movements of rail. Quarantine. working.-(See Artillery preparation. water. Fighter aircraft. classified as interceptor and fighter.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting.artillery. Preparation.-Definite rulings which establish.

Same. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective.-A point. R a dio-telephony (R/T). 1st and 2d Divisions. Rear. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.) Rate of march. designated by a unit commander. p. Harbouring party.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. Rallying point.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. to maintain contact with the enemy. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie.) Same. A billeting party. Reconnaissance. or to observe terrain. No equivalent. 5.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). .-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead. Ration cycle. Raid. Same. 1. Reconnaissance patrol. Same.U. Same. Rear guard.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. The direction away from the enemy. Same or speed." Railhead distribution.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Range. effective (extreme) (minimum). No equivalent. Same. Same or rear patrol (See fig.-The operation of searching for information in the field. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). Ration. such as "Class I Railhead.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. Same." "Ammunition Railhead. usually by small forces.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. S.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. Rear party. directed against an enemy.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. An offensive movement.--Radio communication by means of the voice. 1st Division.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range.

-A series of overlapping ver. I Mosaics (verticalonly). Regulating point.-An individual who is restored or Same.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement.) Regulating officer. Replacement. especially for combat purposes. Replacement. maintenance. 3. Regulating station.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. maintenance. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. 39.Same. returned to his own country or citizenship.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. organizational. Reinforcements. .Same. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment.Brigade reserve area. initial. and operation for a given period. a selected course.-Formerly. ment.Sector control. Refilling point. 3.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.) Regimental reserve area.Reinforcement.-Troops used to augment -the Same. strength of another body of troops. (See Supply point. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes.) Requirements.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. and reserve.-The officer in charge of a regu.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. p. Regimental reserve line.-The computed needs for a military Same. 39. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig.-A line designated to co. Repatriate. lating station.-A traffic control agency estab.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). They are classified as individual. filler (loss).-An individual available for assign. a supply point or estab.-An easily recognizable point Same.) Registration. mental reserves in the battle position. (See fig. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. p.-An area in which the regi.

Reserves. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. (See also Credit.-a.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. Individual reserves.-Those carried on the soldier. Reserve requirements. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements.) Requisition. to attract the enemy in a desired direction.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. animal.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. b. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition. Same.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit." Battle reserves are supplies. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. Withdrawal.-Supplies accumulated by the army. also designated as "reserve supplies. beach. same (b). individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). British Indent (a).) Reserves (supply). usually on a form furnished for the purpose. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. Reserve supplies. Unit reserves.) Responsible officer. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement.-(See Beach reserves. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. Reserve (tactical). detached corps. Battle reserves. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. S. A request for supplies. Retirement.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. Same. . Same.U.

. S-4. Runner.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Same. Same. Roving gun (Field Artillery). navigable waters. Reverse slope. The act of retreating.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. Same. Same. Right (left) bank of stream. Same.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. Rolling barrage.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Road space. Same. To recover or save.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Retrograde movement. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. Routine message. Road crater.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge.-A message requiring no special precedence. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. S-3. Salvage. Same. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair.--(See General Staff.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Same.-A foot messenger. Moving barrage. Same. Same. United States Retreat. Withdrawal. and airplane landing facilities. S-1. Property so collected. Same. Routes of communication. captured. S-s. Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. the presence of rail facilities.) Salient.-A movement to the rear. Road block.-The collection of abandoned.

-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps).) Secret text (or secret language).U.-The text of a message which. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose.-A man specially trained in shooting.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. Secure. Scout car. p. Arc of fire.) Same. Message in cipher or code. The body of troops used to screen a command. fig.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber. Secondary attack. Same. Same. Scout. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). Coast defence artillery. in using ground and cover. on its face.-(See Seize. and in reporting the results of observation.--(See Prearranged fires. (See Same (but without a cover). Same.-A section of terrain.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. A man who gathers information in the field.) Sector of fire. It includes both fixed and mobile armament. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. 10. Screening smoke. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Screen.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels.-(See Holding attack.) Sector. 53 British Plan of attack. S.) Scheme of maneuver. designated by boundaries. in observing. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. To act as a scout. (See Defense area. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. 2.-The use or application of sanitary measures. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. Schedule fires. .-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation.) Same.

preferably with the same march characteristics.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. Security detachment. No equivalent. Shelter. Sensing. (See Train. No equivalent. with or without force. Supply units. Serial. A screen. Judging. Same or cover. light. The protection resulting from such measures. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. construction. equivalent to U. Same.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. maintenance. Same. heavy shellproof.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. Sentry post."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). and in some cases against a continued bombardment. communication. or surprise attack by the enemy. by 3-inch shells. screen or cover from notice. evacuation.-To gain physical possession of. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. Shelter. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. That which covers or defends.-Formerly.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. transportation. Shelter. S. "Restricted"). annoyance. Service train.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. Seize (or secure). over or short of the target. .) Service units (or elements).-A shelter which protects against direct hits.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation.-One or more march units. Supply units . or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. and police of the larger unit as a whole. To Protection. An outguard of one squad. Covering detachment.-Any form of concealment from view.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. To afford or provide shelter.) the enemy. Sentry squad. placed under one commander for march purposes.

TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire.) Signal intelligence. and on which its plans must be based. followed by a decision. Same (for formations below the division. considerations of time and space. Situation. (See Foxhole. Shelter trenches. Same. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). Same. terrain. Single-lens camera.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. Signal security. by detection of secret inks. Same. . Same (a consideration of these conditions.U. but contained ii) the formation operation order). Short ton. strength. constitutes the estimate of the situation. etc.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. S.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. taken as a whole. Same. Shelter..-(See Signal security. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. and the possible courses of action. (A consideration of these conditions. and grenades. splinter-proof.-All the conditions and circumstances. ciphers. against splinters of high-explosive shell. Slit trenches. followed by an intention. Signal communication. and messages. etc.. except mail or direct personal agency.-The weight of 2. Same. the weather. They include such items as the positions. and the mission to be accomplished.) British No equivalent. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. light shellproof. Signal operation instructions. which affect a command at any given time. and the possible lines of action. Signal communication security.) (Short) ton. armament.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. or by the solution of codes.000 pounds avoirdupois.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch.

consisting of two or more flights. Squadron (Air Corps). Same. usually Infantry. Small-scale maps.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. and supply functions.-Same as sleds. in whose name all orders are given.-A soldier.000. No. British Situation map. administrative. technical. Same. Speed.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Same. Ski troops.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. It includes the heads of the administrative. Same. equivalent. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. subordinate to the general staff of a unit.-Troops. dismounted. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack.-Soldiers.) Staging area. Sledges. Special staff.000 to 1:7. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. Sniper. technical. Skirmishers. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. usually an expert shot. .-The authority exercised by a staff officer. and supply services.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. (or battle) No equivalent. has no authority to command. Same.000. as such.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis.000. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. No equivalent. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations.-A staff group. Staff authority. All responsibility rests with the commander. Rest camp. and certain technical specialists. (A staff officer. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. Same. Same. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. Smoke screen.

Supplementary firing position. without authority from his organization. Stragglers' posts. Same. Standard operating procedure.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. Stragglerline. Same.-Formerly. Strong point.) Subsector. one of the subdivisions of a sector. Same.-A soldier. Strip mosaic. No equivalent. S.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view.-A line. Stereoscope. (See Defense area. Fire on a line. railroads.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. Same. Same. . or streams. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. British Standing orders. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. the defensive area of an infantry company. Same. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. Same. Straggler. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary.--Usually. who has become separated. Stereo-pair.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. No equivalent. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Stereoscopy. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops.U. Same. or an exposed sector of the front.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. Stereo-triplet.



United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.


Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.


G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5


British War Establishments.



Same. Same.

Same. Special force.


Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.



United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.


Same. Unit transport, echelon.


No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.






United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. it may be a message or a field order.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. Same. burns. Same.-Signals conveyed through the eye. . A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. grenades.) Vesicant. and destruction of tissue.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. "WT'alkie talkie.-(See Contour interval. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. heliograph.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. Unit of fire. 1Warning order. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. Same. causing inflam'mation. . especially for a movement. Urgent call. and may be written. Priority call.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. British Replacement semblies.) Urgent message. Same. or oral.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile. lamps.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. etc. I~Tar Department intelligence. they include signals transmitted by flags.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. dictated. Visual signals. bombs. Same. panels. pyrotechnics. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage."-Colloquial. Unit replacement.War Office intelligence. serviceable unit assembly. Vertical interval. which is to follow.

Zone of the interior. Wide-angle photograph. Withdrawal from action.-One of a series of lines of foragers. Same.-The originator of a message.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations.-An obstacle of barbed wire.-One or more wire circuits. e. Writer. British Same. Same. . Zone defense or defense in depths. 63 Same.). or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. S. Zone of fire.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible. Line route. or more conductors. Front (i. mechanized vehicles. Same.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. etc. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. battalion. skirmishers.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . erected in place on pickets. company.. No equivalent.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave. Cable route. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. Defence in depth. Zone of action. Wire entanglement. Wire line.U. Same.

S. with definitions. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. etc. equivalents or. window-winders. together with U. S.. g.Section Ill. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. door handle.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . if these are lacking. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e.

general Attack. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S. machine guns.

case.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown . to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up.

and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. sea. duty status Operations carried out by land. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer.

Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage..strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration.e. . (See Moving barrage. masked or defiladed) .68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i.

) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex. S.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. Petrol point. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte . 6. Distributing point Supply point.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. (See Ammunition point. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point.

70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift .

EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S.

(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain. with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .

EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander . S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g.74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load..

in which case it is the Area Engineer. base Maintenance. S. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . second echelon Repairs. second-line Maintenance. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . third echelon Repairs. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. fourth echelon Repairs. first-line Maintenance. first echelon Repairs.

double-ended Spanner. destructive Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle .76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot.

to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod . British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up.BRITISH. to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.TERMS WITH U.

and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns.78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. tanks. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car .

S. EQUIVALENTS.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 .

sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. to Blitz. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Gong. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out.Section IV. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink.

to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. S. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. to Peel off. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. (U. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short.) . etc. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. to Perimeter track Play pussy. to Pleep Plug away. ropey type.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Prang.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. etc. to Pack up. ropey evening.

a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to . to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. dim view. "ropey" view. etc. outside view. lean view. poor view. long-distance view. to take down a peg To prepare a job. to Touch bottom.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. flying slowly over an area. to Tee up. also applied to ground training To reprimand. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. that is.

syren. behaviour. axe. storey (house). b. endorse. mediaeval. neutralising. centre. draught. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. epaulette. c. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". good-bye. f." and "y" for "i": enclose. alarum. colour. catalogue. serjeant. prologue. metre. anaemia. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. theatre. signaller. tsar. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. briar. neutralisation. barque (boat)." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. Occasional "e" for "i. gramme. levelling. plough. cheque. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. cyder. e. the "re" (final) instead of "er". for example: a. enquire. encyclopaedia. organisation. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. pyjama. (automobile) tyre. labour. travelling. fibre. gaol (pronounced "jail"). and the "our" (final) instead of "or. grey. 83 . SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. syphon. honour. neutralise. litre. harbour.Section V. d. programme. organising.



There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British


Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion



b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for




American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.



b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

suite Geyser e. peanut Peanut spread Tart. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d.Y British Monkey-nut. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. . Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group.

gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. mud-wing. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. mud-guard Petrol. buffer Motorcar. automobile Coal oil. constable. patrolman. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . Motoring Battery Bumper Car.

pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. . mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. Knave Cinema. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. bagman Green grocer h.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. letters Post a letter Post box. flick Pictures. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. here's your party." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. flicks." Information "Line's busy!" . films Picture palace. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead.

footpath Sidewalk Street railway. School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. tramcar.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. street (or electric or Tramway. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. tram trolley) car The Underground. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- .

luggage van Cloak room. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. as 21 June. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first.) n. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage.92 m. 1942. then the month. . When numerals alone are used to denote months. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. 1942. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. 1942. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local.

) Infantry Brigade. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. p. but cavalry (horse and mechanized). In general.HEADQUARTERS. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. and fig. etc. armies. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. 1st (2nd. First (Second. etc. ABBREVIATIONS 1. 2c (3).. 1st (2nd. etc. 10. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. a. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. Brigades. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. and reconnaissance regiments are also units.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. etc. and groups of armies are formations. 1 STAFF. 200. etc. 93 . g. etc.Section VI. 1st Armoured Division. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. etc. 199). APPOINTMENTS.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. GHQ First (Second.) Cavalry Brigade. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander.) Army. S.. artillery. Army. 1st (2nd. par. 1st (2nd. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. g. p.) Division.) Cav Bde 1 (2. etc. FORMATIONS. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct).) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. etc. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). the branches of the staff arc not included (e.) Corps. divisions corps. 2 In addressing a headquarters. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. including addressing messages or correspondence. etc.) Army 1 (2.

etc. ment. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc. CCMA.) use the distinguishing letters "O. 1st (2nd.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. etc. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. 1 (2. MA 1 (2. and CRA (see par. below. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. etc.1 (2.) Divisional Engineers. battalions. and their Staffs.) .) Regt RE 1 (2. ." Units (regiments. etc. First (Second.. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. etc." "I. etc.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps." and "Q" only. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. Signal Officer in Chief.) Corps Artillery. intelligence. etc.) Army Sigs 1 (2. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established.) Corps Signals. )Divisional Artillery. 1st (2nd. etc.) Corps MA etc. (See notes 5 and 6. .) Corps Sigs 1 (2. and coordination in general. 2. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section." and "RAQ. etc. training. etc). etc. etc. etc. etc. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. etc. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO.) Corps Medium Artillery. etc..) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd.." "RAI. RASC 1 (2. Regi. Brigade Majors. etc..94 1st (2nd.) Army Signals.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field.) Div RA etc.) Corps RA etc. etc. RA 1 (2.) Field (Medium. etc. Chief Signal Officers. p. RA 1 (2. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. Air GHQ b. CCRA.) Fd (Med. Staff Duties and Training Section.) Divisional Signals.

and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. Hirings (A). ammunition. It enlists the soldier. Chaplains (A). At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. . Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). Pathology. weapons. Services 7 Army Postal (Q).) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Nursing. Personal Assistant. or oil. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. 2nd Echelon. below. (See note F. Judge Advocate-General (A). Pay (A). Staff Captain. Printing and Stationery (A). Dental. Movement Control. Hygiene. pays him. Canrteen (Q). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). Medical and Surgical. supervises his medical arrangements. and eventually discharges or buries him. equipment. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). Staff Captain. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. promotes him. vehicles. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. petrol (gasoline). Military Secretary. Camp Commandant. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. whether it be clothing. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. food. looks after his discipline and welfare.

Inland Water Transport. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant..Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer.. Transportation (Q).. Supply (Q).. Major-General. Chief Engineer_ Commander. Veterinarv (Q)..... see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown... Royal Artillery -------------Commander. Docks.. captains. .. Second-grade staff officers are majors.. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. and there may be variations depending upon the situation).. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------.. Works (Q). Transport (Q). Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. and not to the branch of the staff. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and." "02.------General Staff Officer. in general.. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. General Staff Officer.. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade .. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Railways.. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings..96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Survey (G). First-grade staff officers. Light Railways. Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander.. Remounts (Q). third-grade..

-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- . General Staff ------------BGS .--------------Brigadier. Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.

98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. forces." It should be realized.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. which was very similar to the U. S. the largest being the Territorial Army. In the list that follows. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. S. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . however. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. as in the U. b. therefore. all of which have been mechanized. National Guard. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. that. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. Regular and Territorial. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence.

formerly known as The Life Guards. c. by the Royal Armoured Corps. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). Ist and 2nd. are a part of the RHA. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). 2/4 Hamps. of which this is the 2nd. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. 10Now one regiment. At the present time. two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. below). In this case. .ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). and not to any other regiment. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). But when on parade with its guns. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. that is. now mechanized.

Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). (See also note 11. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. above. Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 . Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards).) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments.100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e.-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. . Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards.

The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. The Rifle Brigade. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. the last to be formed. Each regiment received a number as it was formed. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). No. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). No. The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. has no number. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). beginning with The Royal Scots. The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4).ABBREVIATIONS 101 g.

The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43).102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex . The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra.

e.The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). e... when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . . they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. When serving under the Army Act vi. the Duke of Albany's) (72). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49).

.-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h. RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps .. Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------.104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number)......... Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC). Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -......._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i..... Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___. Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ..

RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. etc. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. No. No. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. RA -----------A/E Battery.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. 1 (No. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. 2. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. etc. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. 2. etc. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. etc. RA 17th Medium Battery. etc. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. 1 (No.) Field Artillery Signal Section. 2. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. 1 (No.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2.) Squadron. Armoured Divisional Signals. etc. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No.

..) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.) CCS 1 (2. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------. etc... Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------.-.--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company.) Fd Amb 1 (2.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.. etc...) Lt Fd Hyg Sec . Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f..106 BRITISH...) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2.) Gen Hosp 1 (2.. etc. etc.. etc..... Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --.. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2. etc. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e.. etc. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col . Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----.. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl .

. The most usual requirements are.. "Bus" (as distinct from MET).. however.... All arms (used in conjunction with COL).) Mob Vet See 1 (2. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron ... Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation.. 1 (2.. not in action. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---. Mounted men... All artillery. etc.) VES i.) Pro Sqn 5. Bridge.ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g.. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.-... Cancel last message. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns. Armoured cars..8 ..LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h..Inf Bde Ord Coy .) Pro Coy 1 (2.-. 5196336--43 -. etc. etc. Bivouac... Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area). etc.

Railway train (complete with engine). CNO Reference point A. Digging. C. Track. Horses. Horse-drawn transport. Target moving. Siding. Goods trucks (i. Men. Defended post. Engine. Warships. RFC. RFB. Machine guns.. Column. River. Open. Railhead. No movement seen. Multi-engined aircraft. but not firing. Guns now firing. Tank. e. Civilian or refugee traffic.) Trench. Pontoon bridge. etc. Steam not up. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Mechanical transport. g. etc. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Tent. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed..108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Wireless station. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. B. Single-engine aircraft. Tracked vehicles. 6. freight cars). Guns in action. It represents abbre- . (e. Passenger coaches. Ranging point. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Facing.

The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Assistant Beachmaster. aircraft defence. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Account. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Accountant Branch Officer. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station.) or Army. Auxiliary Air Force. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Automatic bomb sight. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. or A/C or AC . Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Army Bureau of Current Affairs.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Advanced Air Striking Force. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Auxiliary Air Force General List. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included.

Army Co-operation Squadron. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Back Areas. South. of Battle Squadron). Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Army Co-operation Command. Acknowledge. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Accommodation. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Aircraft Carrier Squadron.) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Aircraft carrier.110 AC (No. Assistant-Controller of Labour. . Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Administrative Commandant. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Anti-coastal motorboat. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Air Chief Marshal. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Activity at (reconnaissance code). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Australian Commonwealth Military Forces.

Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). . Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn).

Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). A special organisation for the occasion. Addressed. Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works).112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Air Defence of Great Britain. Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Adjutant (see also A). Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Hygiene. . Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases.. Assistant-Director of Ground Defence.

Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Advanced Dressing Station. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. . Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Survey. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Admiralty (see also Adm). Assistant-Director of Remounts. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services.

Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Assistant Gun Position Officer. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Assistant Embarkation Officer. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Aircraft equipment production. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Aeroplane. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Advanced base. Adjutant-General's Branch. engineer and signal scales. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. . Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Admiralty Fleet Order. Army Field Workshop. Advance or advanced. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Artillery Equipment School. Air Force Medal. Airframe. Air Force Headquarters. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. etc. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Economy Cost Branch.). Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Armament. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Armoured fighting vehicle. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Advanced guard.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Air Fighter Development Unit. Aircraft equipment (engines). Army filtration barges. Air Force Liaison Officer. Assistant-Director of Explosives.

Aeronautical Inspection Department. Air Judge Advocate-General. Advanced landing ground. Australian Imperial Force. All arms (reconnaissance code). Air Liaison Section. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Air Member for Development and Production. American Liaison and Munitions. Air Liaison Officer. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Assault landing craft. Assistant King's Harbour Master. . Air Base. Amatol (see also AM). Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Air operation. Searchlights.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Air Ministry Intelligence. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Aircraft Inspection Department. Air Marshal (see also AM). Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Aircraft interception. Airborne troops. Army Intelliegence Department. Armaments Division. Royal Marines. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Altitude. Ambulance (see also A).

Operational Research Section.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Army Order or Accountant Officer. Amphibian (see also A). Air Observer School. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Alteration order form. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. American Nautical Almanac. Air Mileage Unit. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Australian Military Force.Experimental Station. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Air Navigation School. Air Member for Personnel. Annexure. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Air Officer Commanding. Army and Navy Stores. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Air Ministry . . Angle of sight (see also A/S). Advanced Operational Base. Air Member for Training. Ammunition. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Army Ordnance Workshop. Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Assistant Military Secretary. Ammonal with charcoal. Air Ministry Order. Army Ordnance Field Park. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Adviser.

Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Armour-piercing tracer. Armour-piercing. (projectile) capped. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. . (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). capped with ballistic cap. Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. high explosive. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Anti-personnel (bomb). Army Printing and Stationery Services. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Aiming point. Armour-piercing (projectile). Army Plotting Room. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Armour-piercing.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing shot (inert). Air Personnel Department. Approximately Appendix. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Army Physical Training Corps. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Naval. chemical warfare (gas bombs). capped with ballistic cap. Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Air Production. Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office.

Aeroplane Repair Section. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Artillery. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Armament. Armament Production Progress. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Armoured car. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Army Stores Issue Ship. Artillery reconnaissance. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Admiralty Research Laboratory. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Ammunition. Angle of sight (see also A of S). All artillery. Ammunition and stores. styphnate azide or antimony. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Artisan Works Company. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Airship. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Air Raid Warden. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Associate of the Royal Red Cross. sulphide azide. Air Stores Park. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Ammunition Railhead. Armoured. Army Routine Order. Airman or Airmen.

Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Armoured Unit Initial Training. All up weight (gross weight). Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Assistant to Director-General. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Naval Development and Production. Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Australia or Australian. Army Training Instruction. of . Adviser on Steel Tubes. Aircraft Storage Unit. Army Training Memorandum. Air Vice-Marshal. Assistant Chief Overseer. Air Training Corps. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Australian Steam Test M. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Research and Development. Assistant.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Auxiliary Services Officer. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Auxiliary Fire Station. Advisory Service on Welding. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. American Technical Liaison Officer. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Automatic or self-loading. Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Armoured vehicles. Attached. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Army Troops (see also AT). Assisted take-off.

BASW British Army Staff. . BASFUZ Base fuze. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). Azimuth (see also Z). BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. Washington. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. BAO Base Accountant Officer. Anti-zeppelin. Aircraft Warning Service. Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. CAP. Bart Baronet. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). bdr Bandolier. BAB Blind approach beacon. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BAL Ballistics (see also B). Ayrshire Yeomanry. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BAA Brigadier. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron.Ballistic cap. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BAM British Air Ministry.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. Bde Brigade. BB Bombs. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BALCAP or BALL. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. Bdr Bombardier.

Blown out. Bombing and Gunnery School. British Expeditionary Force. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). Brigadier. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. .ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Bomb. British Height Correction. Boundary (see also bdy). Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). The Border Regiment. Brake horsepower. ham (England) Small Arms (Company). General Staff. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Beyond light repair. Base Ordnance Depot. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Baby incendiary bomb. . Bivouac (reconnaissance code). British Naval Liaison Officer. Branch Field Post Office. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Base fuzed incendiary. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Base Ordnance Workshop. Base ejection. Board of Trade. Battle Headquarters. Battery Observation Post. Beachmaster (see also BM). double ejection.. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. British Manufacturing and Research Company. Bearing. Bring forward. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). Balloon Production. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. British Nautical Almanac. Battalion. Base and nose fuzed.

British Standard Fire. Broadside on. Battery Sergeant-Major. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). British Warrant Officer. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry.. Beeswax. Blohm & Voss. Brigadier. Bomb release line. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Base. scissors type. British Thomson-Houston. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Battery . Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). Battery. British standard weight. Battle Squadron.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Royal Artillery. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. British War Medal.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Base Supply Airfield. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Brigade Routine Order. Brigadier. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). British thermal unit (see also Btu). Base Workshop. Base Supply Depot. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. British Red Cross Society. Buckinghamshire Battalion. Base Personnel Staff Officer. . Bridge or bridging or brass.

" Reserve of Air Force Officers. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Research and Experiments. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Commander of Army Group. Captain. Counter-Battery Officer. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Cartridge(s). Central Ammunition Depot. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. . Command Chaplain. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Calorific value. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Class "CC. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Royal Artillery. Chief Adviser. Calibre. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Catering or catalogue. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Cavalry. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Canteen(s). Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Cambridgeshire Regiment.

Chief of Combined Operations. Chemical Defence Development. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. . high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Commander. Casualty Collecting Post. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Coastal Command Development Unit. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Casualty Clearing Station. Commander. Central Flying School. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chief Chemical Inspector. Corps Medium Artillery. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Phosgene. Chief Engineer. Royal Artillery. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Command Dental Officer. Commander. Chief Flying Instructor. Capital finance claim. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL).124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Chemical Defence Research. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Chief Superintendent. Chaplain to the Forces. Contraband Control Service Office. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Chemical Defence Research Committee. Controller of Chemical Research. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Tank Design. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Chemical Defence Research Department. Canadian.

Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Chief Instructor. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Chain home beam. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. The Cheshire Regiment. Chaplain. Clearance head space. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Military College of Science.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Controller-General of Economy. Cheshire Yeomanry. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Inspector. Corps Routine Order. Chain (Station). Commander-in-Chief. Engineers Signal Stores. Chief Instructor. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Controller-General of Research and Development. Cast iron. Naval Ordnance. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Command Headquarters. Fire Control Instruments. . Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chief Inspector. Fire Control. Controller-General of Munitions Production. Chief Instructor.

Common nose fuzed. Column (see also col). Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Chief Naval Representative. Central Medical Establishment. Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. Captain of the Fleet. Column (reconnaissance code). Closed (reconnaissance code). Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Coastal motorboat. Close Support Troop. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Column (see also coin). Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Chief of Artillery. Centimeter height finding. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Corps of Military Police. . Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Central Ordnance Depot. Combined Operations Development Centre. Close reconnaissance. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Corrected mean time. Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Contracts Liaison Section. Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Chief Maintenance Officer. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Care and Maintenance Party. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). George. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Central Interpretation Unit. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel.

Concentrate or concentration. Coventry Ordnance Works. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Common-pointed capped (projectile). Corporal. Cordite with carbamite. Correction. Commandant (see also Comd). Composite or component. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Cordite. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Controller of Physical Research. Cotangent. Counter-preparation. Construction. Commander (see also Comd). Coordinate or coordinating. Cycles per second. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Committee or commission. Company. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Cordite. Commanding (see also Comd). Cosecant. Cordite. original type. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile).ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. . Chief Ordnance Officer. solventless cooler. modified. Commodore. Command Post Officer. Controller of Projectile Development. Communication(s). Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development.

Armament Supply. Commander. Central Storekeeping Office. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Armaments Design. Calibre radius head.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Chief Superintendent. Royal Engineers. Chief Superintendent. Royal Army Service Corps. Counter-sunk. Corps Routine Order or. Course setting bomb sight. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Civilian Repair Organisation. . Consultant. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Resident Technical Officer. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Royal Artillery. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Commander. Chilworth smokeless powder. Projectile Development Establishment. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Chief Superindendent. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Company Sergeant-Major. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Commander. Radiological Inspection. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Cathode ray tube. Chlorsulphonic acid. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment.

Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Royal Engineers. Chemical Warfare Troops. Chief Examining Officer. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Convoy. Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Coast Watching Post. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Central Trade Test Board.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Communications valves or closed vessel. Controller of Tank Development. Debussing (Point). Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Hundredweight. Dental Branch Officer. Continuous wave. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Communications Valves Committee. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. . Chief Works Office. Corps Troops (see also CT). Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Carton. Chemical Warfare (Service).

130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Air. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Director of Army Postal Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Air Materiel. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Adjutant-General. Director of Aeroplane Production. Director of Army Kinema Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles.

The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Director of Clothing and Stores. General Research and Development. Deputy Chief Accountant. Royal Engineers. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Deputy Controller. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Director of Armament Development. Director of Canteen Service. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Civil Research and Production. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Deputy Chief Engineer. Distant control boat. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Dive bomber. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG).ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. . Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Armament Supply. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Director of Bombing Operations. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Deputy Commander. Construction and Regional Service. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Deputy Controller. Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Distance control. Director of Armament Production.

Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). . Design Department Guns. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director-General of Production. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Accounts.132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation.

Deputy Director of Intelligence. .ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Operations Division. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives.

Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Engineer-in-Chief.134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of Weapons. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Decontamination. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Signals. Defensive or defence or defended. Declination (see also D). Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. . Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft.





Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.



District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI


Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Director of Public Relations. Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Remounts. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Directional radio. Director of Quartering. Director of Press Division. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Diphenylamine. Double parachute link. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Director of Physical Training and Sports. Depot. Director of Personal Services. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Deputy Director of Staff Duties.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Director of Pathology. Canadian and American. Director of Postal Services. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Director of Pre-Entry Training. 10 . Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Works. Director of Prisoners of War. Distant-reading compass (German).

Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Road Research Laboratory. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Director of Radio Production. DWAAF . D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). Director of Torpedoes and Mining. DSR Director of Scientific Research.140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Director of Tank Production. Director of Transportation. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. DSO Distinguished Service Order. D Sal Director of Salvage. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. Duty steamboat. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. Director of Technical Training. Director of Railways. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. Director of Survey.

Echelon (see also E). Earth-filled saturation (degassing). E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Equipment and Accounting Training School. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Director of Weapons Production. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Engineer-in-Chief. for Gallantry). Director of Warlike Stores. Equivalent full charges. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Enemy bomber. Director of Explosives. The East Lancashire Regiment. Explosive incendiary bomb. Extended Defence Commander. Experimental Demolition Establishment.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Elementary Flying Training School. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder.. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Electric light. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Equipment Depot. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). . External Ballistics Department. Dropping zone (paratroops). Equipment Branch Officer. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Enemy aircraft. Equivalent full rounds. Electrical Engineer. Extended Defence Officer. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. e. Exchequer and Audit Department. Equivalent constant wind. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire.

Extra-mural. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Engineer Vice-Admiral. Emergency Transport Pool. Equipment Officer. Engine Room Assistant. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. East Riding Yeomanry. The Essex Regiment. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Ministry of Aircraft Production. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Electric Light Observation Post. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Electric and Percussion. Employment.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Engine Production or engine propellants. Elevation/range. Engineer Stores. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Embarkation Medical Officer. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Equipment. Entertainments National Services Association. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Electric Light Officer. . Emergency Powers Committee. Establish or establishment. Engine Repair Section.

Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fire Control. Free aerial mine. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Forward Air Support Link. Field. Field imprisonment. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Field artillery tractor. Field Ambulance. Forward area sight. Fleet Dental Officer. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fleet Adviser on Education. Fire direction table. Field Hygiene Section. Field Ammunition Dump. Fighter Development Unit. Field Battery. Fighter dive-bomber. Fire Control Plotting Board. Fleet Construction Officer. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Field Bakery. . Fleet Accountant Officer.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Facing (reconnaissance code). Forced landing. Fleet Engineer Officer. Fire Control School. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Field Squadron. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Fleet Aviation Officer. Farrier. Field Company. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Field Brigade.



BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.


FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.


FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).


Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..


ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC


Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

Grade 2 (see also G2). Hallamshire Battalion. General Staff. Hexachloroethane (smoke). Greenwich sidereal time. General Staff Officer. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). Heinkel. Geographical Section. Horse.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. Grade 3 (see also G3). High angle. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. The Hampshire Regiment. armour-piercing. Head and breast (telephone set). General Staff Officer. Head. General Staff Officer. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. or mark). 7th Queen's Own Hussars.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. High angle upper deck. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Heavy bomber. armour-piercing incendiary tracer. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. High explosive. Training. 14th/20th Hussars. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. Hussars or hygiene or height. Glider Training School. High-altitude bombing. Grade 1 (see also Gi). Harbour Defence Motor Launch. High current density. The Honourable Artillery Company. Haversine. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. 13th/18th Hussars. High explosive. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. label. General Staff Officer. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). . York and Lancashire Regiment. Heavy anti-aircraft.

His Majesty's Indian Ship. High explosive substitute (or shell).ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. Height observed (observed altitude). His Majesty's Ship (or Service). His Majesty's Canadian Ship. High explosive tracer. His Majesty's Australian Ship. Hertfordshire Regiment. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. Head of the Research Department. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Horses (reconnaissance code). Mustard gas and lewisite. Hirings. Howitzer. Highest possible score. High explosive graze fuze with delay. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High explosive graze fuze. Heavy Glider Training Unit. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). His Majesty's South African Ship. His (Her) Imperial Highness. Hotchkiss (ammunition). High explosive incendiary tracer. Hospital. . High frequency radio telephone. Hexagon. High frequency (in combination). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High explosive time fuze. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). Herefordshire Regiment. High frequency oscillator. High frequency detector. His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's.

150 BRITISH. Services of Supply. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. S.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). HSL Viscous mustard gas. Hard strength brass (or bronze). IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. HRS Haenschel. "I" Intelligence Officer. U. Medium Artillery. HQRA Hour. European Theater of Operations. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. U. inspection aircraft. HSB High speed launch. Headquarters. USA Army. IARO Indicated air speed. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. HV Heavy. USA Headquarters. HQMA HQSOSETO. HTV High velocity. Army (now HQASFETO. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. U. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Royal Artillery. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. Headquarters. European Theater of Operations. USA). HQETO. . Army. HQ HQASFETO. High terminal velocity. Headquarters. Army Service Forces. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. HQBA Headquarters. European Theater of Operations. Base Area. S. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). Infantry (tank). USA Headquarters. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. S.

Inch. Infantry. Indicator Loop Station. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Indian Hospital Corps. Inspection Instruments. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Inspection Materials. Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Imperial Chemical Industries. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Indian Army (see also IA). Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Inspector-General. United Kingdom. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Imperial Defence College. Igniter's safety fuze. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Indicating Net Defence. Identification friend or foe. Maintenance. Inspection. Indian Medical Service. Imprisonment with hard labour. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. . Incendiary. Instructor of Fire Control. Coast Artillery. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Information or informed. Inspection Marine Craft. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). India or Indian.

Joint Airworthiness Committee. Intelligence Officer. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Royal Artillery. Inspector. Inspection Stores Engineering. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Instructions to proceed. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Inspection Stores Works. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. . type A. Initial Training Wing. Judge Advocate-General. Inland Water Transport. Staff (Operations). Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Instrument Production. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Inspector. Inspection note. Irish Republican Army. Instantaneous. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Isle of Wight. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Installations. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Intelligence (see also I). Instruction for Practice Seawards. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Inter Service Information Series. Joint Intelligence Staff. Instructor (see also Instr). Joint Intelligence Committee. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Initial Training School. Royal Engineers.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Intelligence Officer. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. India rubber vulcanized. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication.

The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. Knight of St. King's Regulations. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). Michael and St. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Ethyliodoacetate. Knight of the Garter. Patrick. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. 16th/5th Lancers. Knight of the Thistle. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Kilocycles. Junction. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. King's Norton Solution. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Pound (monetary unit). Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). Knight Commander of the Order of St. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Light Aid Detachment. Legal Branch Officer. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. King's Harbour Master. 17th/21st Lancers. . Kensington Regiment. George. Light anti-aircraft. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Light automatic or lead azide. Kite Balloon Section. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Junkers. Knight.

Landing craft tanks. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Leader. Landing craft support (small). Lance-Corporal. Landing craft support (barge). Pounds per horsepower hour. Latitude (see also L). Landing craft barge (mechanised). breech mechanism. Landing craft. Landing craft support (large). Landing craft flak (barge). Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Landing craft infantry (small). Labour or light bomber. Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft personnel (medium). Landing craft personnel (large). Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Lever. Landing craft barge (dumb). Landing craft infantry (large). Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Lift and force (pump). navigational. Landing craft support (medium). Landing. Landing craft flak barge (large). Local apparent time. Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Leicestershire Yeomanry. Low frequency. Lower Establishment Division. .154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Landing craft assault. Lance-Bombardier. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Land Defence Force. Pound. Landing craft flak. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft personnel (ramped).

Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. Lothians Lovat Scouts.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Light machine gun. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. Loyals Low power or local purchases. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LR London Rifle Brigade. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LO Left out of battle. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LMT Longitude (see also Long). LRB Long Range Desert Group. LHA(E) Library. LMG Local mean time. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Logarithm. Lovat Liquid oxygen. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LHA Local hour angle (east). LGA Limbered general service wagon. LS Landing ship dock. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. LPS Light railway(s). LP Lord Privy Seal. Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). Long The Lothian and Border Horse. LSD Landing ship (gantry). LH Local hour angle. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted).

156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Landing ship infantry (medium). Landing ship infantry (large). Motor Ambulance Convoy. Landing ship (personnel). Light warning (portable). Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Military Air Defence System. Link Training Instructor School. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Light warning (vehicle). Low tension (voltage). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Low temperature annealing. Left Section. . Landing Zone. Landing ship (stern). Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Master-at-arms. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Long wave. Light. (See LSgt). Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony).. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Low velocity. Low temperature treatment. Local Technical Committee. Medical Branch Officer. Magazine or magnetic. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Landing ship infantry (small). Supply Service. Lieutenant-General. Low water ordinary spring tide. Lieutenant-Colonel. Military Adviser to the Director-General.

Mech Med Medium or medical. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Megacycles. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MCS Mine Control Station. Manning Depot. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. The Manchester Regiment. Major. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. Motorcycle. Manager of Engineering Department. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. MD MDG Medical Director-General. Mine Depot or message-dropping. md Mean difference. Middle East or military engineering. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. MCH Maximum ceiling height. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Medical Advance Station.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. Major-General (see also MG). M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). Member of the Order of the British Empire. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Motor anti-submarine boat. Motorcycle machine gun. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Met or MET .

158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Master of the Fleet. Mobile Veterinary Section. Military Foreman of Works. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Military Intelligence Officer. model). Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Military. General Staff. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Military Foot Police. Major-General. Military Intelligence Service. Miles in the hour (speed). Ministry of Home Security. . Motor gunboat. Mineral jelly. Medium machine gun. Military Forwarding Officer. Military Field Photographic Section. Mobile or mobilisation. Major-General. Mine laying aircraft. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Method of filling. Major-General in charge of Administration. Manual of Field Engineering.. Medium frequency. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Military Mounted Police. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Royal Artillery. Mark (i. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. e. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Major-General. Minute.

The Monmouthshire Regiment. Muzzle velocity. Medical Technical Orders. . Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Machineable quality. Mortar. Mine-Sweeping Group. Mean sea level. Military Personnel Research Committee. and bolts. Miles per gallon. Motor or motorized. Mountain. Miles per hour.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. screws. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Material Production Liaison Officer. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Two-man torpedo boat. Nuts. Medical Receiving Station. Metres per second. Medical Officer of the Guard. Mean' point of burst.159 Ministry of Supply. Military Training Pamphlet. Message picking up. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Main Supply Depot. Military Provost Staff Corps. Maintenance Unit. Mounted. MTSD MU my or MV . Mounting. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Motor torpedo boat. Meritorious Service Medal.

Newfoundland. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Naval Aid to (1st.) Sea Lord. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). Navy. No break (contact). Netherlands East Indies. Navigation Instruction Officer. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Non-Combatant Corps. Naval Equipment Depot. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Minor War Signal Station. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Naval Control Service Instructions. Nitrocellulose.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. National Defence Research Committee. Not fair hit. Non-delay. NFP Night-fighter plotting. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Northeast. Army and Air Force Institutes. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). etc. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Natural Navigation. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Nursing Auxiliary Service. Non-Comissioned Officer. Non-auto frettaged. . Naval Control Service Officer. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Nitrocellulose tubular. Non-ferrous metals.

The Northamptonshire Regiment. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Not recorded. National Rifle Association. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. Nobel rim neonite. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Flashless propellant. No sound back. New Zealand. Not in vocabulary (stores. Naval Exchange. North Somerset Yeomanry. Naval Transport Officer. Nose instantaneous. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). contrary to regulations). Night reconnaissance. . Nautical miles. Not known. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Number. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Naval Land Equipment. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Normal temperature pressure. Naval Law Branch. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. Naval Ordnance Department. Naval Officer-in-Charge. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Nose instantaneous rod. Night trace flame trace. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Nitroglycerine. Naval Liaison Officer. Northwest. particularly clothing. North Irish Horse. Not timed or night tracer.

On His Majesty's Service. Observation. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Officer Commanding. Officer of the Watch. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Officer Commanding. Operations (see also Ops). Royal Marines. Observer Officer (see also 00). Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Officer-in-charge. Ordnance Field Park. Royal Army Service Corps. Officer of the Guard or ogival. Divisional Signals. Observation post. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Officer Commanding. Overseas Liaison (Officer). Open (reconnaissance code). General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Officer of the Day. . Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer Cadet Training Unit. Out of service. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Ordnance Depot. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Oblique photographs. Officer Keeper. Ordnance Board. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Operation or operating or operator. Officer (see also 0). Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section.

Passive air defence. Officers' Training Corps. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. e. Oxford. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Operational Photographic Unit. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Observed velocity (i. Parliamentary Secretary. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Operational Research Section. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Operational Training Unit. Other Ranks Training Unit. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code).ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Paragraph or parachute. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Parachute troops. Ordnance. Official use. muzzle velocity). Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Plastic Armour Officer. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Pathology. at 0 feet.. Over water (proof of projectiles). Organise or Organisation. Parachute and cable. . Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee.

Photograph or photographic or photography. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Photographic Officer. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Production Development Station. Proof and Experimental Officer. Pounder (see also por and PR). Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Period delay mechanism. Public House (Inn). Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Production. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Telephone (see also tel). Partial detonation or projectile development. Postogram. Principal Establishment Officer. Projector. Canadian and American. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Infantry Anti-Tank. 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Petrol (gasoline). Provisional condemning (limit). Production Development Executive. Phosphorus. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Physical. Production Engine Accessories.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Pigeon. Port Detachment. Park. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK .

oil. Paymaster-in-Chief. Powder metal-lined (case). Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Principal Military Landing Officer. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Production Naval Liaison Officer. . Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Public Relations Branch. Principal Private Secretary. Regimental Institutes. President. Petrol Railhead. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Petrol Point or picric powder. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Position line. Petrol (gasoline).ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Position. Pilot Officer. Principal Medical Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Paymaster. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Pioneer. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). and lubricants. Phonogram. Post Office. Press and Publicity Officer. Provost. Principal Officer. Merchant Marine. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Publications Liaison Officer. Plain language. Port of London Authority.

166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. fine. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Principal Sea Transport Officer. Prisoner(s) of War. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Postogram. Private. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Police War Reserve. Porton. . Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Post War Signals Station. Housing signal. Paravane. Quadrant elevation. Paper. Graduate. Quick firing or decoy fire. Graduate. white. Pyrotechnics. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Military Staff College. Physical Training. Pick-up truck. Proprietory. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Printing and Stationery Service. Point. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Pay. Publication. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Please turn (page) over. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Physical Training Officer. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer.

Army Ordnance Services. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Radio acoustic. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Regulations. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Royal Artillery Survey. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Army Medical Corps. Royal Australian Navy. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Range and direction as deflected. Range and accuracy. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Quarter-Master-General. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Royal Australian Air Force. Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Queen Victoria Rifles. Royal Army Pay Corps. Supplies. Queen's Westminsters. Royal Air Force. Light decoy. Royal Army Service Corps. Regimental Aid Post. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment.

Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Regional Development Officer. NC 21. Royal Cartridge Department. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Research Development Photographic Equipment.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Road junction. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. . Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Royal Canadian Navy. Remote Control Office. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Engines. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Communications. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. Research Development Aircraft. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). picrate 55. Royal Canadian Air Force. Research Development Marine Craft. Road or round (of ammunition). Research Development Armaments. Radio counter measures. Research Development (Naval). carbamite 3. Repair Depot. Relief Driver Increment. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development Instruments. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System.

Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. C. etc. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Reconnaissance float plane. Reference Point A (B. Royal Garrison Artillery. . River Emergency Service. Representative. Reinforcement (see also rein). Recovery. Regulating or regulation. Royal Field Artillery. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes.) (reconnaissance code). Registry. Retired. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Research Development Technical Investigation. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Reserve. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Rifleman. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Royal Filling Factory. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Range. Royal Gun Factory. C.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Reference. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. etc.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. Recruiting Centre. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Regiment or regimental.

Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Royal Indian Army. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Royal Naval Reserve. Royal Military College. Royal Naval Division. Royal Observer Corps. Reserve of Officers. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Rockets. Royal Naval Officer. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal Indian Navy. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Royal Navy. .170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Russian Liaison Group. Raw Materials Depot. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Royal Naval Barracks. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Royal Ordnance Factory. signal. Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. River (reconnaissance code). Regimental Headquarters. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Railway (see also Ry). Rendering mines safe. Railway Operating Division (RE). Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Render inert mechanism. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. green.

Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Research Report. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Royal Corps of Signals. Radio Production (American). Research Technical Publications. Radio Production (Technical). Radio Research Board. Rendezvous. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Returned Stores Depot. Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. . Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Royal Small Arms Factory.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Scots Fusiliers. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Regimental Sergeant-Major. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Regimental Starting Point. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Radio Production (Supplies). Range table. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Right Honourable. Royal Tank Corps. Rounds per gun. The Royal Ulster Rifles. The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Regimental Survey Officer. Range table muzzle velocity. Repeated.

Railway Telegraph. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). capped.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. South African Irish Rifles. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Small box-girder (bridge). Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Small Arms School Corps. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Senior Air Liaison Officer. Short aerial mine. Senior British Naval Officer. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Single-axle drive. South African Air Force. Small Arms School. South African Engineer Corps. Small arms rifle grenade. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Standard ballistic limit. Shipping advice and delivery note. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Squadron Artillery Officer. Salvage. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Shilling (monetary unit). Society of Automotive Engineers. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Small bomb container. Royal Yacht Sqfadron.

Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Self-destroying tracer. Sub-Contracting Production. Signal Equipment Design. approximate composition: NG 41. Staff Duties. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Royal Artillery.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Propellant name. Slow-burning explosive. Second or security. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Signals. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Corps Medium Artillery. Supply Dropping Point. Security Officer. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Staff Captain. Scottish Horse. Section (see also X). carbamite 9. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Staff Duties and Training Section. Special despatch rider. NC 50. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Single-engine fighter. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Stores Depot. Smoke Curtain Installation. The Duke of Albany's). Second-in-command. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Signal Distributing Officer. Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Superintending Civil Engineer. Siding (reconnaissance code). .

- . Sulphurless fine grain. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Searchlight Commander. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Searchlight emplacement. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Signal. Situation Report. is frequently used. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Signal Officer. Secret Intelligence Service. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Sidereal hour angle -(of star). Signalman. Sergeant.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Shrapnel." which is official in the Royal Air Force. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Signals. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Service Flying Training School. Senior Intelligence Officer. Steam gunboat. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Sheet. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Sine. Searchlight Directing Station. Shropshire Yeomanry. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. but the spelling "sergeant. Senior Gas Adviser. Special issue. Signals or Communications Officer. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). (See Sgt.

Superintendent of Experiments. Senior Organisation Officer. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Sound locator. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). School of Aeronautical Engineering. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Organisation and Methods Division. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Supply Landing Point. School of Military Engineering. Secretary. . Staff Officer (Liaison). Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Superintendent of Mine Design. Testing device for RAF recruits. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Senior Medical (e. Staff Officer. Searchlight laying. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Senior Naval Officer Landing.' Selected Military) Officer. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Scientific Liaison Officer. Physical Training. School of Artillery. Submarine (see also Sub).ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Senior Military Adviser. Signal Operations Instructions.

Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Squadron Officer. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Special Duties Officer. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Support. Royal Marines. Sapper (engineer).176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Senior Officers' School. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Single shot. Ship-born. Royal Artillery. Supply Refilling Point. Stocks and Storage. Staff Sergeant. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Squadron. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Senior Officer. Staff Officer. Single-seater fighter. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Signalling projector. . Royal Engineers. Sector Searchlight Commander.

Staffordshire Yeomanry. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Supply Point. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). . Strategical reconnaissance. Supply. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Submarine (see also S/M). Supply Depot. Solenoid velocity apparatus. The East Surrey Regiment. Statistics and Planning. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Standard wire gauge.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Switchboard. Supply Officer. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Sepoy. Seater. Survey (see also SV). The South Staffordshire Regiment. The Suffolk Regiment. Slightly unsteady. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Standard time. Super-sonic telegraphy. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Small Vessels Pool. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Special Vehicle Development Committee. Station. The South Wales Borderers. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals.

Tactical reconnaissance. Thames Ammunition Works. Technical Detachment. Tank Design Liaison. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Text-Book of Gunnery. Tactical Control Officer. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Armament Officer. Technical or technician. Administrative training. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Engineer Officer. Tank Delivery Squadron. Tentacle. U. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. S. True air speed. Track (reconnaissance code). Tank Delivery Regiment. Tangent.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Torpedo Development Unit. Twin-engine bomber. Twin-engine fighter. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tank Board. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Test and Development Establishment. Territorial Army Allowances. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Trench (reconnaissance code). Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. The Adjutant-General. A. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Tail delay 2 seconds. Tank Committee Liaison. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Traffic Control Post.

Trailer. Time handed in. Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. TNT beeswax. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Target. Technical Maintenance Officer. Tail instantaneous. teletype). Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Tests of elementary training. Town gas main. Tank Production Armour (code). Transportation (see also tpt). TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Tail instantaneous. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Time of despatch. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Teleprinter (U. Troop or Transport. Tactical exercise without troops. Telephone exchange. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Temperate land scheme. Telescope identification. . sensitive. Tank (see also Tk). Torpedo and mine. Time fuze. Time of burning. Time of receipt.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Tank (see also Tnk). Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Telegraph or telegraphic. S. Threads. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Time of flight. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Thompson machine carbine. Training Manual. Time of origin.

Twin-seater fighter. .180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Unexploded Bomb Committee. United Kingdom. Temperate sea scheme. Unit Equipment Table. Torpex. Troops. percussion. Their Royal Highnesses. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Signal Officer. small arm. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Tank War Office Liaison. Tube. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Underwater electrode potential. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). e. Transported. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. Union Defence Force. Training. Trumpeter or transporter. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Universal call (switchboard). Trooper. Tank Supply Liaison.. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Goods trucks (i. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Terminal velocity. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit.

Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Vehicle. Very low frequency. Unit Landing Officer. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Variable elevation beam. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Very high frequency. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. . Victoria Cross. Unexploded bomb. Vickers-Bertheir. Vickers diamond hardness. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Vulcanized in rubber. e.. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Very mild explosion. Valves for Oliphant. e. Volume moisture. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Message of which no record is kept. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. oral). Veterinary Evacuating Station. Veterinary (see also V). given either written or verbally (i. Verbal (i. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Visual indicating equipment. Vice-Admiral Commanding. orally) to signaller. United States or unsteady start. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Unserviceable (see also U). Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Vertical interval..

Investigation Section. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Veterinary Officer. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Vent. Woolwich adjusted charge. War Department. Velocity of adjustment. Watch correction or water closet. NC 65. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. or percussion (tube). Western Approaches Tactical Unit.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. sealing. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Wing. Velocity/pressure. War Establishment Table(s). Volunteer Reserve. Warning telephone. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). Visual signalling. Vertical photograph (or photography). Wing Commander. Wing Artillery Officer. Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Vulnerable point or vent. War Establishment(s). Wing Officer. Wireless electrical mechanic. Week ending. electric. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Warships (reconnaissance code). Vehicles to the mile (road density). With effect from. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. carbamite 6) or west or watch. War Establishment Committee. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Visual telegraphy. The Welch Regiment.

Works. Cross road(s). Warships Production Superintendent. Warrant Officer. Yorkshire Hussars. Yard. carbamite 2). Wireless Operator Unit. Workshop. Wagon Line Officer. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). War Registry. The York and Lancaster Regiment. Women's Royal Naval Service. Expanded metal. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). e. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). Women's Voluntary Service. Class 1 (2).. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). NC 65. Withdrawn and replaced. Women's Land Army. 9g. The Worcestershire Regiment.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). 1. g. . Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). War Office or Warrant Officer. Extended Defence Officer. Yard(s) (e. Wireless School. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. Propellants and charges.. Weapon training. Signifies experimental failure. White phosphorus. Explosive(s) or section(s). M/Je. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Yorkshire Dragoons.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity.ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. War Intelligence Committee.

True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Lead azide and CE. Wireless Interception Service. Zone position indicator. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ).184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Zone watch. Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. .

In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. often means development or design or defence or Department. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. factories. at the end. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. at the end of an abbreviation. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). which is. at the end. at the end. usually means Officer or Order. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. usually indicated by s. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. Anywhere .ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. may indicate a plural form. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. however. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director.


519636 -4 ° 3 -- ." (2) "Secret. (5) "Not to be published. or forecasts of manpower. CATEGORIES a. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. discussions on new types of weapons. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret." (3) "Security. Other matters. Tables of Organization. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. etc. ciphers. etc..13 S. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. such as code words. (5) (6) War sider I U. 187 -." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential").Appendix A.. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1." b. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state.

but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. d. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. whenever possible. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. For example. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. (2) Ciphers.. and orders of battle. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. location lists. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. e. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. etc. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. .188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c.

2... All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification. military training pamphlets.. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces."-" "Secret" . CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U. ---. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded." Confidential" …l.. S. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification...... .. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. 3.. and other documents of a military nature. ------..... (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda...-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- .. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification.. S. BRITISH AND U..APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally..

Appendix B. when it was superseded by the Modified British System..600 .. Large ---------.500.Small.----------. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary.Large.1: 633. Small ---------.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----..000 and 1:250.--------------Intermediate.i: 1-.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles...000. S.. intermediate-1:125... 190 .. S. ¼inch to I mile -.000 -----------------Large. maps. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile. Standard .-. 3.-----. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927.63..-..-. 1: 20. Small ------------1: 126.. 1. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them. Within the British Isles. I inch to I mile ..000 ---------------. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a. Actually U.360 -----I------------Medium. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25.000 and 1:100. maps and are designated by representative fractions.. Large ---------1: 40. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U. medium-1:62.--------------. 2. S. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U..--. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile ..440 . .000.. 1: 253..Small.720.. . MAPS 1. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U..584 inch to 1 mile ---------3. S..

The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. S. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted.000 map series of Great Britain. . Q7506. M. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. and R. thus making large squares identical in size. Every tenth line is thickened. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain.APPENDIX B 191 scales. b. (2) Use. P. British System (1) Description.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. this being called "ceasting. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. east and west. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. military grid maps. Q. L. U." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example.

These squares are again subdivided.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. in the small square 21. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. (2) Description. 6). each of which is designated by a letter. 0 30 Figure 5. Modified British System (1) General. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. in the large lettered squares. is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). 5).192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. Thus the point P.) c.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . The easterly coordinate is always given first. is repeated every 50 kilometers. .': omitting the letter "I" (fig. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z.-British System grid. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers.

.-Grid lettering. L M NW ____ . every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. JV :. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.{--{wa'r I T .-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.\ . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.ia. Modified British System.. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map. every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered.Z .' W X " ! Figure 6. .___ °.

0--f 0 . (4) Y inch to I mile map.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. and its reference is therefore vH 6335.5 units north of the point of reference. The number denotes the distance. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. without unduly obscuring the detail. it may be described as the point of reference.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in .-Modified British System grid. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. in 10-kilometer units. It lies in square vH. 5 I Figure 7.3 units east and 3. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred.

-On maps of these scales. (v)H 6335. Figure 8. . The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. inch to mile mp. 4 inch to I mile map. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. since there is no possibility of duplication.-Modified British System grid. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. namely.-Modified Figure British System grid. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.

the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. 59 270 O 69 6867 . 1 inch to I mile map. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. in smaller print.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L . the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. to the (false) . Figure 9.-Modified British System grid. on any grid line denotes.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. and to every tenth number is added. this time in kilometer units. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58.

Its reference is therefore 533675. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer. but this is not normally necessary. Thus. the point Q is 53. in figure 9. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference.5 units north of the point :of reference. .3 units east and 67.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system.

"Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). H. R. W. F. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. "Two: T for Toc. the word itself is first spoken." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. T. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. 1942. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. 1943). Z. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1.1 2. for example. K. Procedure" (January 20. O for Orange. V. M. P. U. Y.-British radio procedures. N. Q. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . X. L. G. E. O. 198 . I. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A.) See also FM 24-10. W for William. J. C.Appendix C. D. followed by the phonetic spelling. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. B." b. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. S.

Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_.Six _"Ate" ---. For instance. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun"._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR.Two ---"Foer" _. etc. 6.H.1 _ _ _1 DUG..Eight FORM -------._ _. 1. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. I reS f1om du =2 o riioi.. Ioigure .0iSi Figure 10." etc.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. I . the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0.Owe "Wun" ____ -_. MESSAGE AND RU . 3. W= ) . .R. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). 4.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___. 5. :usage except for-numbers such as 11. S. 33. I10NS OUT . .4 ___I___1 l._W 1 PG.O.. 9._ ----.)t. 2.- . 22. . Z44101. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too. --.-British message blank (reduced from original size).--"Six" Five . 199 of numbers is similar to U.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--. _"Sei-en" ---.APPENDIX C . 8. 7..

if any. It may consist of plain language.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. Sev-en --. VI. to which reference is being made.. .. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. . Ate -.. A period." c. Six. Wun. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e. Owe.. or code. or "stop.. Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign.. 1. December 7 is written 7). g. Foer .-. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box.. Fife Niner..." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. Wun Six ... Wun . cipher. . (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. par.. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. 93). . p. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. Six. Owe . O-w-e. Owe . (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom.200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . Too. . Niner. Wun. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10..

By regimental commander or senior staff officers. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures. showing in detail which officers may use each priority.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written.= time of receipt. . T.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. For routine messages. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. I. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. are issued by the General Staff.-There are several procedures in use. (a) "Written message" procedure." may be put in this space. No indication------For messages of minor importance. Signal officers may use this priority. By commanders and senior staff officers. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. is given.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. Immddiate for messages of special importance.= time handed in. and local time). Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. _ By any officer. d. (T. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. O. In the case of a phonogram. R. or may be sent as a phonogram. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. Any other instiuction. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. H. 2 Priority lists. if any. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. such as "To await arrival. _-----.

-The message is sent straight through. (2) Methods of transmission. or cannot. (d) "G" method. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. (b) "SR" (send replies) method.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. "fair". strength 6. This is used for quick questions and answers.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. "very strong. (e) "DC" method.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. no answers being given. "good". reply.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure." . Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable".-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. strength 7. strength 9. (c) "F" method. This method is used when the receiver must not. e.

shilling. 1942). CURRENCY a..00. or a kick) -----------12 cents. Larger denominations of pound notes...00 in U.. Shilling-12 pence (Is. 5/-) ----------------------$1.50.Appendix D. I The official rate authorized between the U.. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. S. and 6 pence.. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. 6 cents..) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent.035 per British pound ster4ing.. See WD Circular No. abbreviated £..50 cents. 203 . Silver coins: Threepence (3d." or "thrup'ny bit". and d. s.. General The pound sterling. now exchanges for about $4. and pence. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. 2/6) (two and six...) ---------------------------------2 cents. . British U.) ("thrup'nce. S.) ("sixp'nce".. a tanner. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. Prices are usually written in pounds. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2.) ("thrup'nce. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. Threepence (rare) (3d. S. Florin-2 shillings (2s. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. 1 shilling. Halfpenny (¼2d.. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. 6d. Penny (ld. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. CONVERSION TABLES 1. a stever) --------------.. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents. meaning 2 pounds.' The table of equivalents given below. however. £5 and up. 399 (December 9.. currency." or "thrup'ny bit". is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates.. a stever)__ 6 cents.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. Sixpence (6d.00.. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6..

Differences The following differences between British and U..000. 1 shilling.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. S.. _ .") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds)...000.. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.______ 2..000. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. long -------------112 pounds. 1 hundredweight (cwt. i shilling.000. or cental) is 100 pounds. hundredweight (short hundredweight.000. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence... . the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound. I imperial bushel -------------------1. whereas the U.. Thus..000.000. . jewelry.) -----------. _ .000.000.).2 liquid quarts. etc.. ton (short ton. or 20 short cwt. are usually priced in guineas.000.000) ----1 quintillion... such as a guinea. 1.03 pecks.000)__ 1 billion.000) -------------_ 1 trillion. automobiles. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. when an article sells for a guinea. I thousand billions (1.--------weigh 175 pounds.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts). which is equal to 1 pound. I imperial peck 1.. a 1 ton.. S..032 dry quarts. long (20 long cwt... S.. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. precious stones.240 pounds..1 mile.0.bushels.000.000 pounds.000. 2. 11. Expensive articles such as furniture... 1 trillion (1... WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" ..7. 1 milliard.) is 2. . half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). 1.000)___ 1 quadrillion. I imperial gallon _---------. below): British United Slates J. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.000..204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. orthousandmillions (1.240 pounds.000. 1 billion (1.. whereas the U..

For example. However.1416. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15.APPENDIX D 205 b.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute.5. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals .7. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3. S. but such a ratio is incorrect. which is normally used in the United States. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. . the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower.4D 2 N. all of which are similar. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. Horsepower In Great Britain. In some tables of equivalents. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower." horsepower. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 2 3 3 . as in the United States. The brake horsepower formula.

(c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. . Gasoline. and Water4 (1) Formulas. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. Oil. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons.

168 . ms to m .1333 .0422 . 000 633. 5 3.224 . 263 1.735 4 3. 344 4 . 35 31.0158 500 .2 . 087.157 3 2.12 2. 000 . 2.6093 8 1 4.014 .6313 31. 0936 3. 267 1.5 6. 71 546.3.4224 1. 720 125. 855.184 . nautical.853.2112 . 500 .92 1 185. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. 946 4 4. 223 8.6336 -.02 . and is called the Admiralty mile.6 2.680 . 2M.4. 240 . 8554 9. 280 .080 feet (1.3333 . 500 .829 2 6 1 1.000 100 B4t 9 4.000 .1 . 370 7.2112 3.0317 .1578 5.25 1. 470 10 18.248 meters.05 25.3168 .2 25 .6 .75 63.0211 . 91 63.5 30.20 feet (1. Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7.8 1. 2 220 660 I 11 20. 000 126. 000 .584 .4 2 .168 3 2:534 2.093.85325 kilometers). 1. 223 1 1. 891 6.9864 50. 012 183 100 91.973 1. 934 100. 000 100. 37 36 12 7.0158 . 534 . . 5 1. 560 .84 10 7. 2.672 . 336 . 10. or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 000 .333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 . 13 47. 6 3.5 1.000 . 1 M. 280 49.0833 .2.05 . 800 300.5 . but because the earth is not a perfect sphere. 4 . 23 1. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.12 22 66 1 1.625 1. 000 . 360 39. 000 .6667 40.57 23. 000 316.25 1 8 .1584 .367 2.1056 6.5 2 1. 891 9.3946 21.0 yards. S.2534 2.025 .000 1.44 30. 735 5 6. 8 16 110 201. 080 150.0634 .0273 1.0667 1 .longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.3946 .578 1.3333 20.7891 42.4 .267 . 000 78. 000 80. .971 1.Kilo. 000 4.901 1.0176 63.5.8 1 1. 94 -20 40 56.3333 .1 M.4735 25. 313 6 667 7.317 .7891 . 78 11.0333 .0127 .0395 1. 313 5 4. 750.1578 . 1 6. 000 253.0789 2.01 126. 4 M. several different values are in use. 667 1 10. 157 . 21 600 of a great circle of the earth.APPEINDIX P 207 d.15: 5 .014.000 20. s2 109 200 .3 1. 4 2. 578 1.5 5261 6667 .946 3.67 15. 600 500. 1. 760 5.25 3 .25 15. that of the U. 117 2.6336 1. 000 400.609. 000 .027. 25. 336 1 4 3. 515 1 73.2534 . 971 491.853. 000 190. 2 80 880 1. 029. 48 20.1267 .2367 12.15155 statute miles.7600 .72 . 000 75.Stat.. 046 63.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.5069 . 281 1 3 1 9. British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.1267 . 280.3168 2. 537 160. 367 2 1. 1.25 .2 meters). 1529 1.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me.0079 e. 000 200. 120 .792 .0528 12 67 . 360 1 62.2 .920 792 72 39.000 . 36 .1 12 . 34 .4224 .112 3 2.025 36 . .54 I The geographical. 440 250.0845 .157 15.005 1. 840 . 333 3. 1584 .5 1. 1. 3 M.

. Horsepower ..546 ...0377 36...-Square meters._---..---. 4 ..014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -..-----.405 2...Gram calories -...8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1. _'_1..205 ..... 2654...161 6....0 Feet------------------------Meters.097 28 . .-... 1.453 59 2.061 Cubic inches--Liters -..... 764 Cubic inches ...227 3......609 34 ...British thermal units per ... I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second.K--Kilograms........02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496....-K. . . Centimeter . 85 Meters per second.280 8 Yards -..........------.4=millimeters... 802 .. .0833 12. 04 ..000 376 8 Kilowatts -. Kilograms ... ...--------------Miles per hour ------.308 .27 . 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1..986 1..000 948 1055.... 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ... .... 35 PoundK ----------.986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550. Atmospheres--------.. 238 8 4.... 68 .892 8 1.621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.-...914 4 1.----------Feet per second -.. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX...039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------.002 02 14.----------------Watts -.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76... ..907 2 1......Grams -.211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons. 432 Grams -.. .....387 ..019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ..36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------..016 .. ..913 33 ..018 288 Feet per minute --. Meters per second -.. Miles per hour. .......-.028 32 35.984 2 Ounces 35.----..16 .8 3.. 50..7646 Grains -----------------....--.....001 340 3 Watts -----.013 85 .447 2. 304 ..03527 .47 .3862 Square kilometersSquare .-.6 6.-----------.005 08 196..08 Horsepower--------. 78 ..208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f.________. 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -. _ . -.. Hectares_ Acres .04 ..-.830 Horsepower -------. 000 948 1055.---....0 Feet per minute.1.---.5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters . 0 ......0 Cubic feet _..746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25.. .186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -.011 363 6 88..092 9 10.-. S 1.068 03 14.070 31 Pounds per square inch meter.. .. ..------...-Meters per second .-. 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1..------.197 Pints -------------------------Liters ..013 15 Horsepower---------. . 288 Meters per minute .Meters per second_ ... Ounces______-_.08 746.304 8 3. --Inch_ -..609 3 . .-.Foot-pounds -.. K.28..087 feet)-.0164 61.. . Horsepower (metric)'l-.. 0 Inches --------------------. .. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1. 16......867 4 645..0547 18.-Kilometers per hour.451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.589 miles-.22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--... U. --.039 37=inches..76 Gallons -----------Liters -4.---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.0 .. Meters--..621 37 Kilometers per hour -. 508 1... 0254 39. Feet per minute 54...155 Square centimeters --0--. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal ..001 3403 746.681 82 1.236 9 Miles per hour-..12 .001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ........ 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------.06 . Quintals_ ..06 2...------1..-. Feet per second. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------.. 3937 2. Watt-hours .. 223 _ ilograms per square centi... Cubic centimeters_ ..152 .97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----..Meters .36 second..-.. .568 1.. 25.340 3 .102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1....'466 7 Feet per second ..---0648 15... -.Cubic meters_-----------------_ ..

British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ .APPENDIX D 209 :. o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .

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