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L SERIES, NO. 13

MAY 15, 1943

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2

AUm THITrYOF

UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
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PREPARED BY

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
WAR DEPARTMENT

PRBVERM OF U;S X

REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY

AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,

SERVICE

CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

NOTICE
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.

UNCLASSIFIED

CONTENTS
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --

Page

1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85
85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92

VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------

--

----

93
93

1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--

a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

- a.. Headquarters and Formations-Con..-101 g. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4. f. Army Air Corps --------------------i.. i. 7. Appointments ----------------------d. STAFF. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e.. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a.. Regiment of Artillery (RA) . FORMATIONS..----_ ------_---- 105 105 . ----96 98 -_______-...______3..General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c.. a. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 ... c... TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------.. e. g. AND SERVICES-Continued..RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----. 5.. General --------------------------98 b. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. Services --95 2.. Household Cavalry ----------------d. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ . Infantry of the Line -..... APPOINTMENTS.... 6..Master . COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. 104 h.... Supporting Arms-.. of Royal Engineers (.--. Page 1... d. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.IV CONTENTS VI. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter . HEADQUARTERS. h. b. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------. 100 f.

..... C.. c. GENERAL---____-_--. ---- a... Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-....__-. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -.. General ----. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e..._____-....------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.---__ ------------_ 2.. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1.. Origin -----------------------.2.___ b.. General -----------_____--------b.1.. "Secret"_-. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c. BRITISH AND U....--. CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a..-____-_.. Sending a Message __..___-------------_ e.. b... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2. -....... b.CONTENTS V Page .----------- 190 190 190 3..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c... CHANGE 3.. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 ... d. a.----------------187 187 Appendix A. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------... GENERAL--______________________. MAPS ------------. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------.. Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---....__....---------1. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---....--a...__-..... SCALES--__.. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1. S....-__-...

Gasoline. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. 4. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. S. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. 1 inch to 10 miles map S.. Modified British System grid. Differences ------------------------b. U. Modified British System ----------------. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. Modified British System grid. 7.------------. U. S._194 195 196 199 ..VI CONTENTS D. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. U. British System grid --------------------------------6. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued.. 2. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. Grid lettering. Oil. Horsepower -------------------------c. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. Modified British System grid. S.

A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. However. S. troops. In the lists which follow. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. S. S. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations.Section I. gallon. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. military terms are given with their British equivalents. S. 1 . for example. and British officers. common U. battery do not have the same connotations for U. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. and the U. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. ton. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. Since new forms are constantly appearing. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section.

S. 4.-Single batteries. For example. etc. (see fig.-Absent from post or duty. Accountable officer. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. military terms with their definitions. 97). by the GSO 1 inf a British division. platoons. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. functional term has no British equivalent. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. p. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. Where a U. U. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. Accompanying artillery. . S. S. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. rather. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U.Section 11. or of funds. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. Responsible officer.

graves registration. Administrative map. military governmrent. Same. maintenance. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order).-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. (See also Combat orders. Adlninistrative order. or both. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. usually one on a small scale.U. personnel management. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). traffic control. S. No equivalent. Advance by echelon.-An order covering administrative details. such as traffic. Same or administration map.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. quartering. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. such as supply and evacuation installations. Same. main supply road(s).-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. To make progress in the direction of the enemy. straggler line. censorship. train bivouacs. Advance command post. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. and evacuation. Same." It comprises: supply. To move forward. computations pertaining to movements. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. for the exercise of temporary control. burials.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. transportation. and other allied subjects. Same. Advance by bounds. sanitation. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. supply. evacuation.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. salvage. martial law. replacements. rear echelon.) Advance. usually issued by divisions and higher units. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Adilressee. Administration.-An engagement or battle.-When unqualified. construction. necessary tactical details also shown.

and wire communication.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.-A term embracing Signal unit. sound. Air area. or airships. oblique (vertical). and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. airplanes. signal supply. . the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. Advance on. Aerial (or air) observation.) Advance message center.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. radio. pigeon. visual. and messenger. fig. Agency of signal communication. (See cedes the main body on the march.000. Advance party.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment.Aerial observation. Same.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat.-Observation from bal.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph.-An establishment of the Medical De.000). 1. intended primarily for use in air navigation. Aid station.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. (See fig. loons. the support of the advance 1. Aerial (or air) photograph.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support.Advanced guard. units having organic or attached observation aviation. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. signal intelligence. tion to which the wounded are brought. Van guard. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit).-A security detachment which pre. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. Advance section. any kind of aircraft. and moves ahead of.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. pertaining to air navigation has been added.-Advance toward.-A detachment that is sent out by.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. subdivision of the communications zone.) Aeronautical charts. (RAP) (in the case sorting. Aerial (or air) photograph.

(2). (4) Van guard. S. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology).o.) (7) Advanced guard. (8) (Same.. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L. Rear guard: (9).-U. S. (3). (13) Rear guard mobile troops.S. O U. (5) Main guard. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). (6). . (12) Rear parties of rear guard. Figure 1. ROUTE COLUMN ( U.S.tU. (10) Main body of rear guard. (11).

-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Alinement.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Same. Alternate emplacement. and passive antiaircraft defense measures.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. Air defense command. Same. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands.-A warning system consisting of observers. antiaircraft artillery. Alignment. information centers. balloon barrages.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Alternative position. Airdrome.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Airborne troops. arming. pursuit aviation. Ambulance loading post.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances. Aircraft warning service. and maintaining military aviation units. Air superiority (or advantage). Same.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. Alternate firing position.-A landing field. Aerodrome. Car post (CP). operating. Air superiority. Alternative site. Fighter command. Alert. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line. including aircraft warning services. Vigilant.-A state of readiness for movement or action. Air raid warning system. British Same. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. Air-landing troops.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground. . An alarm warning.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base.

S. Appendices and traces or annexures.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. It includes passive means of defense. graphs. dispositions. The route leading to anything. Antitank mine field. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. sketches. Annexes. Antitank ditch.-Orders. as a bridge. Antimechanized defense.. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. or armored units.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). any device similarly operated.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. to the point of effective small-arms fire. maps. mission is employment against armored vehicles.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. Antitank mine.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. motorized. To attack from such a position. forces against attack from the air. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). front to rear and vice versa. charts. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. etc. sage of track-laying vehicles. Troops posted in such a position. . employed to amplify orders and reports. Ambush. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. Approach. defence Antiaircraft defense. Approach march. usually in extended Same. installations. and establishments against mechanized.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. overlays.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). Antitank weapons. to protect troops.-The advance.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. forms.IU. be approached by an attacking force.Anti-tank ditch. or air attack is encountered.-A point established for the ad. also. tables. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.-A route by which a place or position can Same. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles.

Assault.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. platoon.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. Armored car. general. Armored force. Refers to the head of a unit. Artificial obstacles. When delivered by mounted troops. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. Same. Arrive.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. Armoured troops. Same. Same. . King's Regulations.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. assigned to General attack. Assault. it is called the "charge. Assault. company. Same.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack. Artillery corps. local. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Artillery position. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. includes corps.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. Armoured car.-To reach a designated point or line. and attached artillery. division. they may be fixed or portable. Artillery with the corps. Army Regulations. assault.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. section.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. Local attack. Artillery preparation.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat.

9 British Forming up or parade (a). (See fig. Same. in close order.-The leading echelon in attack. 2. Assembly area.U. .-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. Automatic supply. Assembly position.-(Obsolete." Same.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. Auxiliary arm. S. Axial road.) (See Main supply road. Attached unit.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. p. 2. named in the direction of contemplated movement. Ballistics. Attack. Attack.) Unit "'under command.) (See Leading troops in attack.-The science of the motion of projectiles. Balanced stocks. The grouping of units in areas. Normal supply. Supporting arm.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. of the elements of a command. continuing. prior to or following combat.) Attacking echelon. p. 10. The regular grouping. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. 10. No equivalent.-a. fig.) Axis of signal communication. forming up or concentration (b). Exploitation. b.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. (See also Exploitation.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit.

(8) (Same.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). (4) (Same. S.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position. (2) (Same.) (7) Plan of attack.) (5) (Same.) (9) Exploitation.) (6) (Same. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology). Figure 2.-U. .

with or without connecting cables or supported nets.-A map. Battle map. Beachhead. either stationary or moving.000. Same. Barracks bag.-Prearranged on a line or lines.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. that block or restrict entrance into an area. Same.-A barrier of captive balloons. under the control of the commander of the theater. No equivalent.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. Beach defence.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. usually applied to roads. 519636--43----2 Same. Same. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. for the theater of operations as a whole. Kit bag. Same. Same.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge.U.-The position of principal resistance in defense. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage.-A group of obstacles.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Base unit (or base of movement). Battle position. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. Base reserves. Barrier. No equivalent. Base area. Balloon bed.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. Beach defense. Same. Barricade. either natural or artificial. S. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). Barrier tactics. Base section. or both. . fire Barrage. No equivalent.

ing the enemy as to the existence.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. Boundary. aircraft.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same." Bomb-release line.-The difference between two ranges or Same.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. Camp.Same. Billets. ings.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. classified as "light." "medium. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. when it strikes the ground. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. Bridgehead. letters and numerals.-A system of standing barrages enclos. one giving a center of impact which is over. .Same.-The distance covered by a unit when ad.-A signal.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. Bivouac.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves. Camouflage. Bound. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. Bracket. or military works. or of Code sign. or location of material. Call sign. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. and the other a center of impact which is short of. or improvised shelter. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). vancing in one of several successive moves. Bombardment aviation. armoured formations shelter tents. elevations.Same." and "heavy.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. used for radio station identification. usually a group of letters. Beaten zone. Box barrage. To put into camp. troops. a defended area over which a bomber.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. Breakthrough. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. nature. To establish a camp. the target. Same.Same. ing an area.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. A temporary location or station for troops. classes established in dumps on the beach.

on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit.-A substance useful in war which.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. Cipher. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration.U. Same. wounds. Chemical land mine. If the number of elements considered is even. Registration. photography. detailed as such. capture. a powerful irritant effect.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. Chemical cylinder. Cylinder. Poisonous gas. Censorship. No exact equivalent. No. the right center element is considered the center element. or desertion.) Chemical agent. Casualties.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. Same. Chief of Staff. discharge. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. Casualty agent (chemical). Check concentrations. a screening smoke. is capable of producing a toxic effect. press dispatches.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. they are applied to private communications. S. or an incendiary action. and all communications.-The middle point or element of a command.) Chlorination. sickness. (See General Staff. Center.equivalent. Same.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. Same. Same.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. Same. radio broadcasts. Hutment.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation. .-The senior General Staff officer. publications.-Losses in numerical strength by death.

of all items. gas masks.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. stations. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). such as clothing. Clear (verb). sorted. Class I.") Close order.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. Traffic map. Casualty clearing station (CCS).-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. Circuit diagram.-The sending of messages. arms. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. trucks. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). Clothing (procured b d is RAO ).14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. Same.' Same. such as rations and forage. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. excepting those of the first echelon. orders. Diesel oil. Same. construction materials. Circulation map. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. radio sets. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). and coal. pyrotechnics.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). and instruments.-To pass a designated point or line. . Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food.-A fuels and lubricants. Class IV. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). tools. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. Refers to the tail of a unit. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. Clear (in the). and chemicals. treated if necessary.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. (Formerly called "hospital station. such as fortification materials.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Clearing station. a newly formed corps. will eventually belong to this corps. fuel oil. antitank mines. Class V. Petrol (gasoline). oil. and machinery. behind the first echelon.

Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. only). Collecting point. Coastal zone.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.Same. letters. S.-A point designated for the collec. Coastal frontier defense. Coastwise sea lane. ineluding such forward.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. Coastal frontier.-The organization of the Coast defence force. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. waters adjacent to the seacoast. seacoast. Collecting station. or numbers. . Code. phrases. Column.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route. placed one behind another. and rear security forces as may be employed. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense.-A naval force which may be organ.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers.-The whole area of the navigable Same. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense.Fortress command. words.-A peacetime tactical com.U. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. flank. Coast artillery district.

Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. Forward area. and administrative orders. g. and division areas2 Combined operations.-(See Unit loading. land. covering any phase of operations in the field. Air Corps. Corps of Engineers. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units.-Oral.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. and supported by. Cavalry. etc. by the Army and Navy. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. as by two or more allie§.) Combat zone. It is divided into army. after the outbreak of hostilities. Combat orders. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. corps. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea.. Combat orders include field orders. Combat unit loading. as the Infantry. Field Artillery. Combat team.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. or any two or more of them. . Outpost. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). Combat intelligence. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). Combat outpost.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. brigade group). United States Combat echelon.-Military intelligence produced in the field. and air forces).-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. and a combat engineer company. letters of instruction. a field artillery battalion.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. such as an infantry regiment.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. Joint operations. dictated.

Grocery shop and store. Command car.-A disease caused by germs. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. . Line of communications (L of C) area. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. and local produce store (part of an institute. To order or exercise command. Commissary. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. No equivalent. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. containing the lines of communication. Command post. Commanding ground.) Same. usually run by NAAFI). Commercial loading. Same. Communicable disease. One of the essential elements of -military organization. usually armed and armored. has been issued to them.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. Contagious disease. other than personal equipment. Advanced (or forward) HQ. which can be communicated from one person to another.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. Communications zone. the other two being combat and supply elements. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. Armoured command vehicle (ACV).-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. the establishments of supply and evacuation.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. S.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. (See Post exchange (PX).-A motor vehicle. ration shop. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment.'U.

The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. b.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. Connecting file. Concertina wire. Composite photograph. Same. or bodies of water. Same. An assembly of troops in a particular locality. Consolidationof position.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. Same.-To hold in place. woods. Company aid men.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. Containing action. on mobilization. for training. c. Conferene call.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere.-a. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. Same. No equivalent. Same. Connecting group (or file. cities. Contain. Multiple call. Same.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera. Compartment of terrain. Concealment. or defense. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. attack. To restrain. Same (a and b). massed fire (c).-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. Same. . Concentration. To enclose.

Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).U. Contingent zone.-(See Unit loading. No equivalent.) Cooperation. Coordination.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. Control point. adjacent contours. and combining to gain the best results. Convoy unit loading. regulating.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end. Counterbattery fire. or leads toward an objective.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. Observation post by day. Corridor.-The act of supervising.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. . Counterattack. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post.-An area within the field of fire. Vertical interval. with a single sentinel in observation. Same. 19 United States Containingforce. Same. Same. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). To escort. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers).-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force. S.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. Same.. Convoy. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. Same.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval. Cossack post. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. Contour interval. other than the normal zone. Controlled mosaic.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement.

or provide security for.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. Same. Cover. reconnaissance. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. Same. another force or a locality. and their careful protection. to the top of the parapet. Cryptography. Reserve supplies. .-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. Coverage. Counterintelligence.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. The actual or topographical crest. Covering force (or detachment). Same.) Crest.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. Counterpreparation. Same. (See also Reserve requirements. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). or by any combination of these methods.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. or any object affording such protection.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. No equivalent. Same. Credit. or from the trench board.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy.-The summit or highest line of a ridge. their proper use. Same. Same. attack. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. Same. Counterreconnaissance. Same.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. To protect. or defense. Cryptographic security. Counteroffensive.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph.

-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day.-The means adopted for resisting attack. Decode. and later to initiating an offen. or. Decision. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram. A decisive outcome of a battle. Intention (a). Coast defence area. because of intervening obstacles. Danger space.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector.) than a regiment). Defended locality. Dead space. S. . Dead ground.--(See Unit of fire.-To maintain against force. Daily supply train. To secure Defend. Defensive-offensive. against attack. sive in order to gain an objective.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall. Same.-To translate a code message into ordinary language.-To march from a defile. wood. Day of fire. b. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. Same. area.) Day of supply. Defense. To conduct a defensive battle.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. British Daily ration strength state. same (b). or other close country into open country. Same. Daily wastage rate. Defensive coastal area. Defence.'U. Daily train.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. The act of defending.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. strength report is included. Defense.-a. Same. state of being defended. and inshore of. Danger area. one side being decisively defeated. Debouch. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces.

tion and fire provided by a mask.-A message whose delivery to the Same.-A portion of the coastal zone. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. Defilade. Delaying position. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields.-A belt of terrain. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. obstructions. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy.-A form of defensive action em. A battle position. Demonstration. No equivalent. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size. Defile. Delaying action. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. or which restricts lateral movements.-An attack delivered or a show of Same. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation.Intermediate position. Defensive zone. Defensive position.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense. be traversed only on a narrow front.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. . usually including the approach to an important port.-Protection from hostile ground observa. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. within which.-A position taken up for the pur. to the front. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. Defensive sea area. harbor.Same.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. generally parallel Defended locality. Deferred message. bay. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. or sound.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method.Same.

Same. and forwarding of replacements. whether actually in march or halted.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. Same. Same.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. Direct pursuit.U." Same. is facing at the instant considered.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. Depot. classification. Depth.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. Same. Discharge. or for the reception. "In support. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. issue. Same. British Same. . Detachment.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train.-An organized locality for the reception. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Detached post.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. or salvage of supplies.-An order delivered orally. Same. Directionof march. storage.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. Discipline. classification. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Dictated order. Same. Pursuit. Development. S. 23 United States Deployment.-The direction in which the base of the command. Detonator. in preparation for action. Direct laying.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. and including the envelopment thereof.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.-To release from service. No equivalent. including the front and rear elements. Deployment. Same. Direct support.

24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Same. dump (railhead) (unit). Same.-A place. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. Same. Same. other than a depot or railhead. or maneuver. division. as battle. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. Distance. 1st Infantry. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. United States Dispensary. Dispersion of projectiles. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. . accomplished im various ways. the latter become distributing points. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. Dud. (AP)." Dump distribution. to subordinate units or to individuals. march.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution. Displacement.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. for the reception of ships. Dump. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. Disposition. Movement to new position. or SP). such as "Class I Distributing Point.-A slip or waterway.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. Distributing point.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps." Distribution. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units.) Dock.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. without hospitalization. or smaller unit. (AP). Distribution.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. A delivery of supplies. Same. as between two piers. Same. 1st Division.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose.

-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. Same.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. British No equivalent (refers only to transport). such as the attacking echelon.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions.-The range at which. effective results may be expected. Enfilade. Emergency barrage. mat6riel. (See Firing position.) Encircling force. . Superimposed fire. etc. as service elements. Same. such as forward echelon and rear echelon.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. Element. S. and reserve echelon. for a particular weapon. engineer.U. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. No equivalent. and medical units.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. generally different in character.-Troops. Same. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. To prepare a message in code. support echelon. Enveloping force. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). Entrucking group. The various subdivisions of a headquarters. Encode. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. ordnance. Same. Effective range. Embussing (debussing) point. meaning quartermaster. Same.-To translate ordinary language into code.-One of the subdivisions of a command. Emplacement. Entrucking (detrucking) point.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. In battle formations.

. Same. or goods on a journey. that is.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. and information requested by other units. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. animals. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. and wounded). Same. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. Same.) Evacuation. (See also Situation. Escort. Evaluation of information. United States Envelopment. conduct a maneuver.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. Same. Espionage. its credibility. Essential elements of information. avoid surprise.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. of the terrain not under friendly control. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. sick. Escortforce. also.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. or formulate the details of a plan. Assessment of value of intelligence report.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. Appreciation of the situation.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. Estimate of the situation. including the expression of his decision.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. its accuracy. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. Same. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality. prisoners of war. persons. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. and its application to the situation.-A body of armed men to guard a person.-That information of the enemy.

Same. the second-in-command.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. Same.-The maximum range of any weapon.) Extended order. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. S. Operation order (00). generally. and not the second-incommand. fuel.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. in order to stop assaults. Field order. Extreme range. Feint. A stratagem. reinforce- . Same.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. First-line ment.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. Field fortification. Same. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility.-For machine-gun fire.U. (See Train. Fixed line. or both. (See also Combat orders. a predetermined line along which. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. (See also Attack.) Field train. Final protective line.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. To make a feint.) Filler replacement. "B" echelon transport. is placed grazing fire.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. greater than in close order.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. continuing. Same. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. forage. often fixed as to direction and elevation. A pretense. Exploitation.-Formerly. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive.

Fire trench. Fire.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. Fire.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Same. Fire. Sweeping (or traversing) fire.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire superiority. plunging.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. Same. Fire. Fire. observed. Same. high-angle.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Same. indirect. Same. low-angle. Fire. Fire. frontal. Same. Same.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. Aiming off.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. Fire.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Fire. Same. assault. Fire.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. traversing. United States Fire. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Same. .-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Fire on targets of opportunity.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Same.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range. oblique. Same. overhead.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Fire. leading. searching. Same. or other linear target. grazing.-Fire which is adjusted by observation.

Same. First aid. Fixed armament.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. classified as primary.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. Fire. Same. Searching and sweeping fire. Same.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. Fixed obstacles. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. Same. Fire. Fire discipline. Same.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. alternate.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. or supplementary. Fire direction. Same Same.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. direct.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. Fire. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. Fire. combined traversing and searching. collective. Fire.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. at appropriate times. Destructive fire. .U.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions.-The combined fire of a group of individuals. S. Fire control. Same. Same. Firing position. cone of. Same. Same.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. conduct of.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Fire control. destruction. Fire. converging. Fire. British Same.

Same. battery. inclusive. Same.) Fire for effect.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. Fire on fixed line. Same. Registration shoot. or trial Same. Foragers. Firefor adjustment. Same. other than for registration. British Same. (See also Check concentrations and Registration. Same.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position.) No equivalent.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique.--To regulate movement on the element in front. field of.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. Fire.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. Fire. p. (See fig. Same. Follow. Same. Flight. To collect supplies for men and animals. Same. from the leading to the rearmost element. or other unit. Right flank is the right side.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. Forage.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. . without traversing or searching.-The side of a command. distributed. Anlly fire against a hostile target.-Firedirected at a single point. flanking. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. 5. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear.-Foodfor animals. Fire. Follow up. by observation.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. Flanking attack.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target. Flank.-The act of exerting close. inaccuracies in the firing data.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. fixed (concentrated) (point). Same. when facing the enemy. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. 1. Flank guard (or patrol).

in any given situation. Same. Front. Fragmentation bomb.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. British Fort. Fragmentary orders. Foxhole. A strong and fortified place. the walk. Same.-The space.-Small. in echelon. Same. S.-The line formed by the most advanced units. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements.) Gait. G-l.U. G-2.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line. The space occupied by an element. 31 United States Forced march.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. G-3. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Same. Same. bomb. trot.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. A permanent post.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground.) Fragmentation.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. Same. (See Shelter trenches. Formation. Same. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. Operation instructions. in width. that is. exclusive of local security. .-(See General Staff. in column. or gallop.-The direction of the enemy. No equivalent. or grenade. Front line. Anti-personnel bomb. Frontage.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more).-Manner of forward movement of the horse. The line of contact of two opposing forces. or in any other designated disposition. G-4. (See also Letters of instruction. Gait of march. individual shelter or rifle pit.

GHQ aviation. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. be confused with G-3).-All combat. note Division of the War Department. General support. S-4. transport' aviation. Personnel. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . GravesRegistrationService. Supply. G-2. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. War Plans lb and 2.-A tactical com. S-3. Groupment (Field Artillery). and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. . and No equivalent.-A temporary grouping Grouping. General Staff. Intelligence. Each sec(or the "A") branch.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. War Department.Same. 96. S-1. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). ried on by independent bands.-An organization charged Same. a fifth section. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). S-2.) the division. VI.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. 4. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. reconnaissance. and with the (See sec. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. pars. p. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. In units smaller than p. pp.Group. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. which supports the entire force of which it is a part.-Irregularwar car. and is not to 8. 94-95. 97. G-4. Operathe "Q") branch). within the continental United States.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. tions and Training. G-3. not assigned to armies or smaller units. and fig.

S. by hand. more Same.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. the image of the horizon. Hatch.-An opening in the deck of a vessel.--A term generally applied to air. against attacks from the sea. of march.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park.U.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. Hand sled. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). High oblique. armoured formations or units). Hold (verb). raids. military and air forces. Harbor defense. Harassing fire. Head of column.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. Heavier-than-air. Holding and reconsignment point. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area.) Harbor. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily.Same. (See also Interdiction fire. Specifically.-A chemical agent used to force Same.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. Harass. closely.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination. . an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel. Same. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide. frequent small attacks. it applies to a small sled on runners. etc.-To retain physical possession. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. Same. Harassing agent. annoy the enemy.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. and to lower his efficiency and morale. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire.

-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. Indorsement.. Same. Identifications. Incendiary agent. or equipment are identified. Initial point (IP). Same. Same. .-(See Clearing station. it is about 8 feet. Same.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) .That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. Hospital station. Starting point (SP).-To tie down. Same. Indirect laying.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Personal clothing and equipment. Ground strips. Same.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Horse length.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target. Minute. British No equivalent. a horse length is considered 3 yards. Actually." Same.) Identification panels. Forconvenience in estimating space.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations. Individual equipment. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. Immobilize. To deprive of mobility.--Atermof measurement.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Infiltrate. Same. In position. Initial requirements. organizations. Inner harbor area.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.

-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. S. No equivalent.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. Smnall-scale maps.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. Interpretation of information.000. No equivalent.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. .-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. coughing.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. Intercept station. (See also Harassingfire.) Irritant smoke.) Intermediate objective. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. Sanme. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). No equivalent. concentration. Inshore patrol. or both. the attainment of the final objective. intended for planning stragetic operations.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. (See also Time interval. Same. Toxic smoke. Same. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. Same. lacrimation. and is usually essential to. Intermediate-scale maps.-The objective whose attainment precedes.U. Intermediate section. Interval. Interdictionfire.000 to 1:500. and supply of troops. Interdict. Integrity of tactical units. British Same. including the movement.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing.

Large-scale maps. fig. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations. Joint operations. Same or vital point. Landingfield. Limiting point. as orders or communiques.-A delivery of supplies. 2. Specifically.--(See Combined operations.) Journal. Same.) Liaison. To emerge or sally forth.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Line.) (See .36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Same.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. Leapfrog. Start(ing) line.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. Same. affording observation and communication. Lachrymator. 10. Lighter-than-air.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. British War diary. Operation instruction (s).-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Key point.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. Same. The supplies so delivered. Same.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. used to insure coordination between adjacent units. Same. Line of departure. Lacrimator.-A tactical locality. p. Same. Junction point. Letter(s) of instruction.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. as from a defile or fortress. though temporary. eye pains. To send out officially or publicly. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries.

. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation.-The network of railways. Loss replacement. Lung irritant. Defensive fire. No equivalent. Local counterpreparation. Main effort. waterways.-The weight of 2. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. and quartering of troops. Transport. S. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. supply. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. Lines of communication. Reinforcement. Same.-The principal part of a command. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Main attack.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. British Same. Same.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front.240 pounds avoirdupois.-In each tactical grouping. Same.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. Low oblique. (See also Communications zone. Same. Same. supply. Long ton.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. Same.) Litter relay point. Courses of action or courses open. Line route map. Lines of action. Supply lines. Ton.U. Logistics. A command less all detachments. and evacuation. Main body.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits.

Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. ordnance. third echelon. etc.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops).-Movement so designed as to place troops. maintenance carried out by army workshops). Maintenance. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. first echelon. daily maintenance by driver).--Driver's maintenance.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance.-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. 2 Second-line repairs (i.). 2 Base repairs (i. 2 Third-line repairs (i. e. or imaginary.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area.-That maintenance.") Maintenance. 3.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel.. Main supply road. (Formerly called "axial road. fourth echelon. 2 Manoeuvre. represented. performed by the using arms and services. though one side may be outlined. e. Same. maintenance carried out. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. e.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).. (See fig. . e. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. Maneuver. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC. 14. Maintenance. other than first echelon maintenance. R E. mat6riel.. First-line repairs (i. note 1.) Main artery of supply. Maintenance requirements. second echelon.. Manifest (ship's). Maintenance. maintenance carried out by base workshops). or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. 2See p.

regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (4) Company sector. (5) Battalion sector. Figure 3. (2) Brigade reserve position. S. S.U. (3) Platoon sector.-U. (6) Brigade reserve area. .

Covering detachment. Martial law. March unit. March outpost. Movement graph. and wire communication. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. etc. Same.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. Group. Same or table. March on. visual. either by proclamation or as a military necessity.) March table.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. usually an intervening hill.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages.) March discipline. pigeon.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. Same.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. radio. woods. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. No equivalent. Maps. sound. of the parts represented. showing the relative size and position. or some part of it. March graph.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale).-A graphical presentation of a march. such as messenger. movement Same. Mask (obstruction). especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. Means of signal communication.-March toward. (See also Security detachment. Same. . British Same or track discipline. according to some given scale or projection.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. or while regular outposts are being established.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map.

Meeting engagement. transmission.000 to 1:125. maps. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. Same. Message center. and its further use. tactical.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message.U. (See app. 190. and those arriving by special messengers. reports. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning. Same. Message. Same or signal or despatch.000. documents.) B. transmitted by a means of signal communication. intended for strategical. 2. local messages. Same. orders. Receipt. S. Message. Memorandum receipt. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization. in plain language or code. therefore. those handled by the military or civil postal service. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. Mechanized unit. Signal office. par. is undesirable.) Military crest. Medium-scale maps. photographs.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles.-A term which includes all instructions. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency.) Mechanized cavalry. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent).-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50.. p.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. etc. Encounter or contact battle.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. Crest.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt.

Minimum range. Morning report.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. Same. Morale. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom. Same.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation. Military Police. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps"). or theater of operations.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops. Same or task. Minimum crest clearance. gathered from any source. Daily strength state. Same.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. and truck-drawn artillery.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Military information.-A specially constructed seagoing craft.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. Mission. Mine layer.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position.-Information. Mobile armament.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Mopping up. Same. United States Military government. . tractor-drawn.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. This class consists of railway.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Same. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. Military intelligence. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. Mine planter. information concerning a possible or actual enemy.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Mobile reserves.

-Not poisonous. such as deserts. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Same. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission. Neutralising fire.U. Nonpersistent agent. Motorized unit. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. Same (but with no definite time limit). Normal barrage. Same or motor unit. Neuttalise. etc. 519636°--43----4 Same.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports." Motorization. Same.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. Barrage. Normal zone. Natural obstacles." or "strip. classified as "controlled. Neutralize.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses. Same. forests. swamps. Multiple-lens camera.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs.-The support involving fire or movement or both. Same.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. in general. mountains.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Objective.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. Nontoxic." "uncontrolled. Zone of fire. and.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. Neutralization fire.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. streams. Mutual support. Same. hampering or interrupting movement or action. rendered one another by adjacent elements. . S.

etc. Requirements. courier. and command.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. to show location.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. charts.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. military symbols. .-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. defenses. using conventional signs. Same. maps.-The disposition of troops for a march. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. Orderly officer.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. Observation post. No equivalent. Same.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). (or sketch) Verbal order. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. fixed or portable.-Any device or feature. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. approaches. for the observation of an area or sector. Operation map.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. and writing or printing. overlays. either natural or artificial. Officer of the day. Observation aviation. and other important data concerning the objective. for the study of objectives. observation of artillery fire. and liaison duty for ground units.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit. tactical or protective. British No equivalent. Organizationalrequirements. Operation map. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. Oral order. abbreviations.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. photographs. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. or their order in the march column.-An order delivered by word of mouth. Same. Offshore patrol. Obstacle. Order of march. Same. or drawings.

-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. Outpost line of resistance. To inform or explain. . Pace. Same.) Organizationfor combat. enemy positions. Same.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. Rate of movement.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. Expeditionary force.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. S. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. on which various locations. are shown. Trace. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost.U. targets. Same. 45 Same. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. Overseas operations. field works. for laying over a map. as of artillery.-A step of 30 inches. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. To identify directions on the terrain.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Forward standing patrol. Outpost. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce).) Outpost area.. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. etc. Outguard.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. Outflank. Orient.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. the length of the full step in quick time. (See Combat outpost. Same. to make another conversant with. British No equivalent. Overlay.-(See Unit loading. No equivalent. Line of outposts.

-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. and on.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. Same. Party. or both.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. Photogrammetry.-A motor vehicle. The act of patrolling. and in the occupation and organization of the position. Same. Same.-A form of individual pack. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. sometimes armored. Parachute troops. Passage of lines. and parking vehicles.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. Same. Phase line.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. . common in northern countries. Persistentagent. maintaining.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. Park. Patrol. Penetration. in initiating the movement forward to position.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. British No equivalent. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. Personnel carrier.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. in issuing his initial orders. Same. Same. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. the battlefield. Report line. Same. Leapfrogging. Same.

or follows the rear party of a rear guard.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-Obstacles capable of being moved. at least.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. (Point section of the) van guard. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Photographic reconnaissance.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. Same. (See fig. a scale and a directional arrow.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). on its face.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard.-(See Assembly area. Pin point. Picket.U. . Position of readiness. Portable obstacles. S. Port of Embarkation. 47 Same.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. No equivalent. Post exchange (PX). Point.-The text of a message which. including. standing Same. Canteen or Navy. Same. specifically for any military operation. 1. Same. 5. British Same. as the basis for his orders to his command. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. Position. p. Photomap. Piquet or patrol. assembly.) Position in readiness. Army. Plan.-A scheme or design.) Movable obstacles.

the movements of rail. Primary firing position. No equivalent.artillery. or instruction) is not interrupted. drill. Same.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. road. Precede. It may contain form lines or contours. Pursuit. Provisional map. .-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. or the performance of several tasks. Quarantine.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. Same.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. in order of time.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Priorities. Priority message.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. or other transport. water. Prisonersof war. Pursuit aviation. Same. Fighter aircraft. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately).-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. under quarantine. the precedence of shipment.-Definite rulings which establish. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission.-(See Artillery preparation.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. Same. Protective obstacles. Important message. working. Same. Defensive obstacles No equivalent.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). classified as interceptor and fighter. Preparation. British Predicted fire.

Ration. Rear.-The operation of searching for information in the field.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.) Same. Rear guard. Same. Same or speed.--Radio communication by means of the voice.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. Rallying point. 1st and 2d Divisions. or to observe terrain.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead. A billeting party.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. 5. No equivalent. Same or rear patrol (See fig. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. The direction away from the enemy. Same. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). p.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. directed against an enemy. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie.) Rate of march. usually by small forces. Same. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). Range. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). An offensive movement. such as "Class I Railhead. effective (extreme) (minimum). Harbouring party. S. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head).-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. to maintain contact with the enemy." "Ammunition Railhead.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. Reconnaissance. Same. 1st Division. Same. 1.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. Reconnaissance patrol. No equivalent.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. R a dio-telephony (R/T). Rear party.-A point. Raid. Ration cycle. designated by a unit commander. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party. Same.U." Railhead distribution.

-An area in which the regi. lating station.Reinforcement. 3. Reinforcements. organizational.-A line designated to co. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes.-Troops used to augment -the Same. They are classified as individual. Repatriate.Same.Same. maintenance. Replacement. p.-An individual who is restored or Same. and operation for a given period.) Registration. especially for combat purposes.-Formerly. I Mosaics (verticalonly). filler (loss).Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique).Brigade reserve area.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. to determine data for use in preparation of fire.) Requirements. a selected course.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. (See Supply point. Regulating point. mental reserves in the battle position.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. Regimental reserve line.-The officer in charge of a regu.Sector control. strength of another body of troops.-A traffic control agency estab.-A series of overlapping ver. initial.) Regimental reserve area.) Regulating officer.-An individual available for assign. .Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. and reserve. 3. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. Regulating station. returned to his own country or citizenship. p.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. 39. Refilling point. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig.-The computed needs for a military Same. 39.-An easily recognizable point Same. a supply point or estab. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment. (See fig. maintenance. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. Replacement. ment.

-a.-(See Beach reserves. Reserve supplies. Reserve requirements. Individual reserves. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. beach. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. Same. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. detached corps. animal. . Withdrawal.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency.-Supplies accumulated by the army.) Requisition. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. Same. S. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. same (b).) Responsible officer.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply.) Reserves (supply). Reserves. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. Reserve (tactical). A request for supplies. b.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy. (See also Credit. Battle reserves. Unit reserves. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). also designated as "reserve supplies.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit." Battle reserves are supplies.-Those carried on the soldier.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. to attract the enemy in a desired direction. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition. Same.U. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. British Indent (a). Retirement.

Roving gun (Field Artillery). The act of retreating. Reverse slope.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road. Same.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. To recover or save. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. Same. S-3. S-s. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. captured. Road crater. Road block.--(See General Staff. Same. Same.-A message requiring no special precedence. Same. .-The collection of abandoned.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Routine message.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. Salvage. and airplane landing facilities. Runner. Retrograde movement. navigable waters. Rolling barrage. Same. Property so collected. S-1.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Same.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Right (left) bank of stream. Routes of communication.) Salient. Withdrawal. United States Retreat. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal. Same. Road space. Moving barrage. the presence of rail facilities. S-4. Same. Same. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat.-Artillery fire on successive lines.-A foot messenger.-A movement to the rear. Same.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Same.

(See Defense area.-The use or application of sanitary measures.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. 10. on its face. Same. The body of troops used to screen a command.) Sector. Scout. and in reporting the results of observation.) Same.--(See Prearranged fires.) Sector of fire. Message in cipher or code. designated by boundaries. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). (See Same (but without a cover).) Same. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. A man who gathers information in the field. Secondary attack. in observing.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. 53 British Plan of attack. Arc of fire. Coast defence artillery.) Secret text (or secret language).-(See Seize. To act as a scout.-A man specially trained in shooting. Screen. in using ground and cover. Same.-(See Holding attack. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language.U. Scout car. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. Secure.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. . It includes both fixed and mobile armament. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). Schedule fires.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation.-The text of a message which.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. S.) Scheme of maneuver.-A section of terrain. fig. Screening smoke. 2. Same. p.

-To gain physical possession of. Supply units . The protection resulting from such measures.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation.-One or more march units. placed under one commander for march purposes. communication.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. maintenance.) the enemy. That which covers or defends. Serial.-Any form of concealment from view. with or without force. Sentry squad. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. screen or cover from notice.-Formerly. Covering detachment."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. No equivalent. Shelter.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. heavy shellproof. preferably with the same march characteristics.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. Service train. Seize (or secure). The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. annoyance. Same.) Service units (or elements).the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. construction.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. Same or cover. No equivalent. A screen. and police of the larger unit as a whole. Shelter. light. S. Sentry post. "Restricted"). Same. equivalent to U. Sensing. Security detachment. transportation. over or short of the target. Shelter. or surprise attack by the enemy. To afford or provide shelter. .-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. An outguard of one squad. Judging.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. by 3-inch shells. Supply units. (See Train. evacuation. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. To Protection.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply.

and the possible lines of action. Same.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. and grenades.-All the conditions and circumstances. (See Foxhole. considerations of time and space. (A consideration of these conditions. which affect a command at any given time. or by the solution of codes.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. Slit trenches. constitutes the estimate of the situation.-The weight of 2. Shelter trenches. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). Same. the weather.-(See Signal security.) (Short) ton. Signal communication security. followed by a decision.U. armament. taken as a whole. Signal operation instructions. etc. They include such items as the positions. terrain. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. strength.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. Same. etc. S. and the mission to be accomplished. ciphers. Same. Single-lens camera.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. .) British No equivalent. by detection of secret inks. Signal security. except mail or direct personal agency. Short ton. Same.000 pounds avoirdupois.. and the possible courses of action. light shellproof. Same (for formations below the division. Signal communication. against splinters of high-explosive shell..-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time.) Signal intelligence. Shelter. and messages. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. and on which its plans must be based. splinter-proof. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. Same (a consideration of these conditions. but contained ii) the formation operation order). Situation.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. followed by an intention.

(or battle) No equivalent. usually Infantry.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Same. and certain technical specialists. Same. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour.-Troops. Squadron (Air Corps). Staff authority. technical. Small-scale maps.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. Speed.-Same as sleds.-A staff group.000 to 1:7. All responsibility rests with the commander. and supply services.-Soldiers. British Situation map.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack.000.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. and supply functions.-The authority exercised by a staff officer. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy.000. Skirmishers. Same. consisting of two or more flights. Same. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate.-A soldier. dismounted. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. Same. No equivalent. (A staff officer. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. technical. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. Smoke screen. has no authority to command. Special staff. Same. as such. Same. Ski troops.) Staging area. . It includes the heads of the administrative. administrative. No. equivalent. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. Sniper.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1.000. in whose name all orders are given. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. usually an expert shot. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. Rest camp. Sledges.

along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. Stragglerline. Strong point. without authority from his organization.-A soldier.-A line. who has become separated. Supplementary firing position. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. No equivalent. Same.--Usually. British Standing orders. Same. Strip mosaic. Stereoscopy. Same. (See Defense area. S.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. Fire on a line. . Stragglers' posts. Same. Same.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. Stereo-triplet. Same. or streams. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. the defensive area of an infantry company. Stereoscope.) Subsector.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. Standard operating procedure.-Formerly. one of the subdivisions of a sector. Straggler. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. Same. No equivalent.U. Stereo-pair.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. or an exposed sector of the front. Same. railroads.

58

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

British
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.

Same.

Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.

Same.

G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5

59

British War Establishments.

Same.

Same.

Same. Same.

Same. Special force.

Teleprinter.

Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.

60

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

British
Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.

Same.

Same. Unit transport, echelon.

"B"

No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.

Same.

Same.

Same.

U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS

61

United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

British
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress.) Vesicant. bombs.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. Urgent call.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical.-(See Contour interval. Unit of fire. "WT'alkie talkie. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. they include signals transmitted by flags. British Replacement semblies.War Office intelligence. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. Same. heliograph. . burns. I~Tar Department intelligence. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. Same. serviceable unit assembly. especially for a movement. Unit replacement.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order.-Signals conveyed through the eye. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man."-Colloquial.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. causing inflam'mation. Same. Visual signals. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage. Vertical interval. and may be written. lamps. panels. Same. 1Warning order. which is to follow. it may be a message or a field order. Priority call.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. etc. dictated. Same.) Urgent message. pyrotechnics. grenades. or oral.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. and destruction of tissue. . Vertical aerial (or air) photograph.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile.

etc. battalion. Zone defense or defense in depths. Same. Same.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. Wide-angle photograph.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. S. 63 Same.-One of a series of lines of foragers. Zone of action. Defence in depth. Zone of the interior. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave. Line route. erected in place on pickets.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 .-An obstacle of barbed wire. Writer. No equivalent. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. or more conductors. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.U.). Cable route. Wire entanglement.-The originator of a message. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. Zone of fire. Wire line. Same. . mechanized vehicles.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. skirmishers. company. Withdrawal from action. e. Same. British Same. Front (i.-One or more wire circuits.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible..

BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U.Section Ill. g. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. window-winders. S. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. etc. equivalents or. if these are lacking. door handle. together with U. with definitions..) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . S.

BRITISH TERMS WITH U. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. S. an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. machine guns. general Attack. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) .

to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown . case.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.

EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. duty status Operations carried out by land.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . sea. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy.

(See Moving barrage. . masked or defiladed) .68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i.strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage..e.) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration.

7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .BRITISH TERMS WITH U.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. S. 6. (See Ammunition point.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point. Petrol point. Distributing point Supply point.

(line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift .70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S. EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party .BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .

72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area . with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .

Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander . EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

g.74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline.. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e.

first-line Maintenance. S. fourth echelon Repairs. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. second-line Maintenance. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . first echelon Repairs.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. second echelon Repairs. third echelon Repairs. base Maintenance.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. in which case it is the Area Engineer.

trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. destructive Shoot. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . double-ended Spanner.76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot.

BRITISH.TERMS WITH U. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod . to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.

Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. tanks. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog.

S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 .

Section IV. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to Blitz. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Gong. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck.

to Prang. to Pack up.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. (U. to Perimeter track Play pussy.) . Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. etc. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. ropey evening. S. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. to Peel off. to Pleep Plug away. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. ropey type. etc.

to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. to Touch bottom. etc. to Tee up. that is. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. to . long-distance view. poor view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. outside view.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. flying slowly over an area. also applied to ground training To reprimand. dim view. lean view. "ropey" view. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to take down a peg To prepare a job.

" and "y" for "i": enclose. (automobile) tyre. colour. prologue. good-bye. pyjama. levelling. draught. labour. fibre. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. storey (house). catalogue. epaulette. d. f. encyclopaedia. tsar. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. the "re" (final) instead of "er". syphon. cyder. 83 . organisation. programme. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. cheque. axe. mediaeval. barque (boat). c. metre. signaller. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. and the "our" (final) instead of "or. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. litre. grey. e. syren. Occasional "e" for "i. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. enquire. behaviour. b. endorse. serjeant. gramme. Miscellaneous: aesthetic.Section V. neutralise. anaemia. gaol (pronounced "jail"). travelling. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". neutralisation. neutralising. harbour. alarum. theatre. briar. plough." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. centre. for example: a. honour. organising.

84

BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y

2. PRONUNCIATION
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British

Address

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Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion

DIFFERENCES

85

b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for

86,

BRITISH MILITARY

TERMINOLOGY

American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.

DIFFERENCES

87

b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. suite Geyser e. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d. peanut Peanut spread Tart. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group.Y British Monkey-nut. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet.

DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. constable. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. patrolman. Motoring Battery Bumper Car. automobile Coal oil. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. buffer Motorcar. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. mud-guard Petrol. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. mud-wing. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear.

here's your party. Knave Cinema. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. flick Pictures. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger." Information "Line's busy!" . flicks. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. . cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. bagman Green grocer h. films Picture palace. letters Post a letter Post box.

tram trolley) car The Underground. School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. tramcar. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store .DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. street (or electric or Tramway. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. footpath Sidewalk Street railway. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople.

1942. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. then the month.92 m. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. . confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. as 21 June. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. luggage van Cloak room. 1942.) n. 1942. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. When numerals alone are used to denote months. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police.

2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. 2 In addressing a headquarters.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. a. and groups of armies are formations.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. divisions corps. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C.HEADQUARTERS. First (Second. Army.) Army. 1st Armoured Division. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. including addressing messages or correspondence. 1st (2nd. S.) Army 1 (2. g. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. 1st (2nd.) Cavalry Brigade. etc. GHQ First (Second.Section VI. etc.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. etc. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. p. g. 10. ABBREVIATIONS 1. etc. armies. FORMATIONS.) Division. 1 STAFF. In general. etc. and reconnaissance regiments are also units. par. but cavalry (horse and mechanized). "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). 200. etc. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters.) Infantry Brigade. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. 199). since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. etc. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. Brigades.) Corps.. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. artillery. etc. etc. p. 2c (3).. 93 . and fig. APPOINTMENTS. etc. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect).) Cav Bde 1 (2.

below. First (Second. Brigade Majors. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc. CCRA. 1st (2nd. etc. (See notes 5 and 6.) Regt RE 1 (2. ment. etc. and their Staffs.. 2.) Army Sigs 1 (2." "I. RASC 1 (2..) Divisional Engineers. CCMA. etc).) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. .) Corps Artillery.) Corps Signals.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd.) Field (Medium. etc. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO." "RAI. etc.94 1st (2nd.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. battalions.) .) Fd (Med.) use the distinguishing letters "O.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. RA 1 (2.) Div RA etc.) Divisional Signals.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. etc. etc. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established.) Corps MA etc." and "Q" only. etc. Air GHQ b. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers." and "RAQ. etc.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. etc. intelligence." Units (regiments. and CRA (see par.) Corps Medium Artillery. 1st (2nd. etc. etc. and coordination in general. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second.. 1 (2. etc. etc. . Chief Signal Officers. 1st (2nd.) Corps RA etc. p. Signal Officer in Chief. 1st (2nd.) Army Signals. )Divisional Artillery. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section. RA 1 (2. Regi. training. etc. etc. etc. etc. Staff Duties and Training Section..1 (2.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps. MA 1 (2. etc. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals.

ammunition. Staff Captain. Chaplains (A). Dental. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). looks after his discipline and welfare. weapons. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. Staff Captain. Military Secretary. promotes him.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Hygiene. and eventually discharges or buries him. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. whether it be clothing. Movement Control. 2nd Echelon. food. Hirings (A). Judge Advocate-General (A). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). Pay (A). Appointments Aide-de-Camp. below. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). Personal Assistant. Canrteen (Q). except when troops are actively engaged in operations. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. vehicles. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). petrol (gasoline). (See note F. Nursing. . pays him. Medical and Surgical. supervises his medical arrangements. or oil. Camp Commandant. It enlists the soldier. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. Pathology. equipment. Printing and Stationery (A).

. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade ." "02. General Staff Officer.. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -..Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. captains. and not to the branch of the staff. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. Survey (G). in general.. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander.. Docks.. Major-General.. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and....96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Chief Engineer_ Commander. Remounts (Q).------General Staff Officer... Light Railways. third-grade. Inland Water Transport.. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade... Second-grade staff officers are majors. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master.. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. Works (Q).. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. Veterinarv (Q).. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels... Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). Railways. First-grade staff officers. . see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Transport (Q). Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. Transportation (Q). are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters... Supply (Q).

--------------Brigadier. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- . General Staff ------------BGS . Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.

regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. however. In the list that follows. therefore. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta." It should be realized. S. the largest being the Territorial Army. as in the U. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. that. all of which have been mechanized. S. Regular and Territorial. National Guard. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. which was very similar to the U. forces. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. b. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army.

two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. . the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. But when on parade with its guns. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. 2/4 Hamps. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). At the present time. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. In this case. Ist and 2nd. now mechanized. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. c. formerly known as The Life Guards. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. are a part of the RHA. and not to any other regiment. of which this is the 2nd. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). the 1st and 2nd Regiments. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. by the Royal Armoured Corps. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry.ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). that is. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . below). one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. 10Now one regiment.

Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). above. (See also note 11. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards).) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments.100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. .-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 . Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards).

The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. No. 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. has no number. the last to be formed. Each regiment received a number as it was formed. all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). The Rifle Brigade. beginning with The Royal Scots. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). No. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example.

The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex .102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16).

when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). e. The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71).ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45). . when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion).. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). When serving under the Army Act vi. lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. the Duke of Albany's) (72). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49).The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) ..'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). e.

Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)........ Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h.._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i..-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.........104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number).... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------.. Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC . Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___. RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps .. Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -..

RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. 2. Armoured Divisional Signals. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. 2. 1 (No. 2.) Squadron. RA -----------A/E Battery. etc. etc. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. etc. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. etc.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 (No. No.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. 1 (No. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b.) Field Artillery Signal Section. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. etc. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No. RA 17th Medium Battery. etc. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. No.

. etc. etc. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col ... Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------.) Gen Hosp 1 (2.) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2. etc.106 BRITISH... MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----..) Lt Fd Hyg Sec .. etc..) Fd Amb 1 (2..) CCS 1 (2. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl . etc...) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2. etc.. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2.--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company...-.... etc...) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f.

covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns. All arms (used in conjunction with COL). etc.... Armoured cars. The most usual requirements are. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area). "Bus" (as distinct from MET).. Cancel last message. Mounted men.-.) Pro Coy 1 (2. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation... not in action. however. Bivouac.) Pro Sqn 5..-.....) VES i. etc.8 .. etc.Inf Bde Ord Coy .ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g. 5196336--43 -. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2. Bridge... 1 (2.. All artillery.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron ...) Mob Vet See 1 (2... RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required. etc..

. Pontoon bridge.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Steam not up. Tent. Column. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Civilian or refugee traffic. 6.. RFB. Wireless station. e. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Men. Ranging point. g. Defended post. Tank. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. CNO Reference point A. Digging. Engine. Guns in action. but not firing. Goods trucks (i. Track.) Trench. etc. RFC. freight cars). Siding. Single-engine aircraft. B. Passenger coaches. Facing. Warships. etc. Railway train (complete with engine). Guns now firing. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Railhead. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Machine guns. Target moving. Mechanical transport. Open. It represents abbre- . C. (e. Horses. Multi-engined aircraft. Horse-drawn transport. Tracked vehicles. River. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. No movement seen.

Advanced Air Striking Force. Automatic bomb sight. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Assistant Beachmaster. Auxiliary Air Force. Accountant Branch Officer.) or Army. Account. or A/C or AC . Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Auxiliary Air Force General List. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. aircraft defence.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force.

South. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Accommodation. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Assistant-Controller of Labour. Back Areas. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Activity at (reconnaissance code). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Anti-coastal motorboat. Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Air Chief Marshal. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Aircraft carrier. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Air Commandant (see also A Ct).) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. of Battle Squadron). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Administrative Commandant. Acknowledge. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Army Co-operation Command. Aircraft Carrier Squadron. Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Army Co-operation Squadron.110 AC (No. .

.ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash).

Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Addressed. Air Defence of Great Britain. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director General (in combination). Aircraft design memoranda.112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service).. Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. . Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering.

Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Survey. . of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Advanced Dressing Station. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Remounts. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Postal Service. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Admiralty (see also Adm).

Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Assistant-Director of Explosives. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Aircraft equipment (organisation). . Armament. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Aircraft equipment production. Air Force Headquarters. Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Army Field Workshop. Assistant Embarkation Officer. Air Fighter Development Unit. Army filtration barges. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Air Force Liaison Officer. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Admiralty Fleet Order. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical).114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Armoured fighting vehicle. etc. Economy Cost Branch. Airframe. Advanced base. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Aeroplane. engineer and signal scales. Artillery Equipment School. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Advance or advanced.). Advanced guard. Adjutant-General's Branch. Aircraft equipment (engines). Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Air Force Medal.

Air Liaison Section. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Searchlights. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. American Liaison and Munitions. Air Marshal (see also AM). Air Judge Advocate-General. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. All arms (reconnaissance code). Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Advanced landing ground. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air operation. . Armaments Division. Aircraft Inspection Department. Airborne troops. Air Ministry Intelligence. Air Member for Development and Production.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Aeronautical Inspection Department. Assault landing craft. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Ambulance (see also A). Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Amatol (see also AM). Aircraft interception. Australian Imperial Force. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Royal Marines. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Army Intelliegence Department. Assistant King's Harbour Master. Altitude. Air Liaison Officer. Air Base.

Air Ministry . Advanced Operational Base. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Air Member for Training. Ammonal (bulk explosives). American Nautical Almanac. Army Ordnance Field Park. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Alteration order form. Annexure. Air Observer School. Ammonal with charcoal. Air Ministry Order. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Amphibian (see also A). Adviser. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Army Order or Accountant Officer. Army and Navy Stores. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief.Experimental Station. . Ammunition. Air Member for Personnel. Assistant Military Secretary. Air Officer Commanding. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Australian Military Force.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Assistant Military Landing Officer. Army Ordnance Workshop. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Air Navigation School. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Operational Research Section. Air Mileage Unit.

Naval. Armour-piercing (projectile). Assistant Public Relations Officer. Army Physical Training Corps. capped with ballistic cap. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Air Personnel Department. Approximately Appendix. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Aiming point. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Army Plotting Room. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Anti-personnel (bomb). Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. . (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Armour-piercing.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). (projectile) capped. high explosive. capped with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing (projectile). Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Air Production. Armour-piercing tracer. Armour-piercing. Army Printing and Stationery Services. chemical warfare (gas bombs).

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Artillery reconnaissance. Armoured. sulphide azide. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Aeroplane Repair Section. styphnate azide or antimony. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Ammunition and stores. Airman or Airmen. Armoured car. Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Air speed indicator (or indicated). Army Routine Order. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Armament Production Progress. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Artillery. Air Raid Warden. Air Stores Park. Angle of sight (see also A of S). Armament. not in action' (reconnaissance code).118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Army Stores Issue Ship. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Air Raid Wardens' Service. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. All artillery. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Artisan Works Company. Ammunition. Ammunition Railhead. Airship.

Research and Development. Auxiliary Services Officer. Air Vice-Marshal. Aircraft Storage Unit. Australia or Australian. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. All up weight (gross weight). Auxiliary Fire Station. Advisory Service on Welding. American Technical Liaison Officer. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Army Training Instruction. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Assistant. Air Training Corps. Naval Development and Production. Assistant to Director-General. Army Troops (see also AT). Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Armoured Unit Initial Training. of . Auxiliary Territorial Service. Armoured vehicles. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Australian Steam Test M. Assisted take-off. Army Training Memorandum. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Automatic or self-loading. Assistant Chief Overseer. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Attached.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent.

BAB Blind approach beacon. BAA Brigadier. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BB Bombs. CAP.Ballistic cap. Bart Baronet. Aircraft Warning Service. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). BASFUZ Base fuze. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. Washington. Bde Brigade. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BAL Ballistics (see also B). Anti-zeppelin. Ayrshire Yeomanry. Azimuth (see also Z). bdr Bandolier. BAO Base Accountant Officer. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BAM British Air Ministry.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BALCAP or BALL. Bdr Bombardier. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. BASW British Army Staff. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. . BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BDO Bombing Development Officer.

Baby incendiary bomb. Base Ordnance Depot. Bearing. Branch Field Post Office. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). Boundary (see also bdy).ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Bombing and Gunnery School. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). double ejection. General Staff. Base fuzed incendiary. British Manufacturing and Research Company. The Border Regiment. British Expeditionary Force. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). Beyond light repair. . . The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Beachmaster (see also BM). ham (England) Small Arms (Company). British Naval Liaison Officer. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). British Height Correction. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Battalion. Blown out. Bomb. Base Ordnance Workshop. Brigadier. Battle Headquarters. Board of Trade.. Base and nose fuzed. British Nautical Almanac. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Base ejection. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. Brake horsepower. Bring forward. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). Battery Observation Post. Balloon Production.

Blohm & Voss. British Standard Fire. Birmingham Small Arms (Company).122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment).Quarter=Master Sergeant. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Brigade Routine Order. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane).. Base Supply Depot. Base Personnel Staff Officer. . Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. British War Medal. British thermal unit (see also Btu). Battery. Battery . Broadside on. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). British standard weight. scissors type. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Royal Artillery. British Red Cross Society. British Thomson-Houston. British Warrant Officer. Brigadier. Bridge or bridging or brass. Beeswax. Buckinghamshire Battalion. Brigadier. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. Bomb release line. Base. Battery Sergeant-Major. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Battle Squadron. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Base Supply Airfield. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). Base Workshop.

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Research and Experiments. Class "CC. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Commander of Army Group. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Captain. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Cartridge(s). Counter-Battery Officer. Catering or catalogue. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Cavalry.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Command Chaplain. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Chief Adviser. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Cambridgeshire Regiment. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Canteen(s). Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Royal Artillery. Calibre. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. . Calorific value. Central Ammunition Depot.

Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Chemical Defence Research Department. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Capital finance claim. Chief Flying Instructor. Chief Chemical Inspector. Casualty Clearing Station. Command Dental Officer. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Phosgene. Casualty Collecting Post. Chemical Defence Development. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Chemical Defence Research. Canadian.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Chief Engineer. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). . Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Commander. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Tank Design. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Chaplain to the Forces. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Chief of Combined Operations. Commander. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Commander. Royal Artillery. Contraband Control Service Office. Central Flying School. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Superintendent. Coastal Command Development Unit. Corps Medium Artillery. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Coast Defence Chain (Station). Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Controller of Chemical Research. Coast Defence Chain (Station).

Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chain (Station). Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Chaplain. Fire Control. Cheshire Yeomanry. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Controller-General of Research and Development. Commander-in-Chief. Military College of Science. Chief Inspector. Fire Control Instruments. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) .ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Controller-General of Munitions Production. Chain (Station). Clearance head space. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Cast iron. Chief Inspector. Controller-General of Economy. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Engineers Signal Stores. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Command Headquarters. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Naval Ordnance. Corps Routine Order. . Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chain home beam. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector of Armaments. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. The Cheshire Regiment. Chief Instructor. Chief Instructor.

Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Captain of the Fleet. Combined Operations Development Centre. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Central Interpretation Unit.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Chief of Artillery. Column (reconnaissance code). Chief of Staff (see also COS). Close reconnaissance. Care and Maintenance Party. Central Ordnance Depot. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Closed (reconnaissance code). Centimeter height finding. Common nose fuzed. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Central Medical Establishment. Chief Maintenance Officer. . Coastal motorboat. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Corps of Military Police. Corrected mean time. George. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Column (see also col). Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Close Support Troop. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Michael and St. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Column (see also coin). Companion of the Order of St. Contracts Liaison Section. Chief Naval Representative. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer.

. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). solventless cooler.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Cotangent. Common-pointed capped (projectile). modified. Composite or component. Correction. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Cordite. Chief Ordnance Officer. Construction. Commander (see also Comd). Cordite. Commandant (see also Comd). Counter-preparation. Concentrate or concentration. Cosecant. Coordinate or coordinating. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Cycles per second. Commanding (see also Comd). Committee or commission. Company. Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Command Post Officer. Cordite. Coventry Ordnance Works. original type. Controller of Projectile Development. Cordite with carbamite. Commodore. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Controller of Physical Research. Corporal. Communication(s).

Commander. Chief Superintendent. Consultant. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Corps Routine Order or. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Counter-sunk.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Calibre radius head. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Chief Superintendent. Commander. Company Sergeant-Major. Commander. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Royal Artillery. Chlorsulphonic acid. Course setting bomb sight. Cathode ray tube. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. . Central Storekeeping Office. Radiological Inspection. Chilworth smokeless powder. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Armament Supply. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Royal Engineers. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Chief Superindendent. Royal Army Service Corps. Projectile Development Establishment. Armaments Design. Civilian Repair Organisation.

Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Royal Engineers. Continuous wave. Communications Valves Committee.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Communications valves or closed vessel. Controller of Tank Development. . Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Chemical Warfare Troops. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Chief Examining Officer. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Chief Works Office. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Carton. Coast Watching Post. Debussing (Point). Dental Branch Officer. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Corps Troops (see also CT). Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Hundredweight. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Convoy. Central Trade Test Board. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Chemical Warfare (Service). Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment.

Director of Air. Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Director of Army Postal Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Director of Army Kinema Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Director of Air Materiel. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Director of Aeroplane Production.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Deputy Adjutant-General. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination).

Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Construction and Regional Service. Dive bomber. Director of Bombing Operations. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Director of Armament Supply. Royal Engineers. Deputy Chief Accountant. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Director of Civil Research and Production.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Deputy Controller. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). General Research and Development. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Deputy Controller. Distance control. Deputy Chief Engineer. . Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Balloon Production. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Director of Armament Production. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Director of Armament Development. Director of Canteen Service. Distant control boat. Deputy Commander.

Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). . Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Design Department Guns. Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs).132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Design Department Carriages. Auxiliary Territorial Service.

Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Postings. . Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Docks Service. Operations Division. Deputy Director of the Home Guard.

Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Personal Services. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Decontamination. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Director of Electrical Engineering. Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. . Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Weapons. Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Signals. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments).134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing.

ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP

135

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DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE

Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.

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DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.

ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS

137

District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

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DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Quartering. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Works. Director of Press Division. 10 . Director of Public Relations. Director of Postal Services. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Pre-Entry Training. Director of Remounts.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Director of Personal Services. Depot. Distant-reading compass (German). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Double parachute link. Diphenylamine. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Canadian and American. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Directional radio. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Director of Purchases (or Production). DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Pathology. Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Physical Training and Sports.

DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). Director of Technical Training. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DSO Distinguished Service Order. Director of Road Research Laboratory. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. Director of Survey. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. Director of Tank Production. DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment.140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. Director of Torpedoes and Mining. DWAAF . Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. DSR Director of Scientific Research. D Sal Director of Salvage. Director of Transportation. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). Director of Railways. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. Director of Radio Production. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Duty steamboat. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department.

Enemy aircraft. Extended Defence Commander. Exchequer and Audit Department. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Equivalent full rounds. Dropping zone (paratroops). Elementary Flying Training School. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. The East Lancashire Regiment. Expeditionary Force Institutes. e. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Director of Warlike Stores. Explosive incendiary bomb. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Director of Weapons Production. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). Equivalent constant wind. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Equivalent full charges. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Electrical Engineer. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Echelon (see also E).ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Director of Explosives. Equipment Branch Officer. Electric light. . Experimental Demolition Establishment. Engineer-in-Chief. for Gallantry). External Ballistics Department.. Extended Defence Officer. Enemy bomber. Equipment Depot.

Electric Light Officer. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Electric Light Observation Post. Engineer Vice-Admiral. East Riding Yeomanry. Employment. Extra-mural. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Emergency Transport Pool. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Embarkation Medical Officer. Engineer Stores. Entertainments National Services Association. Engine Repair Section. Ministry of Aircraft Production. The Essex Regiment. Establish or establishment. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Equipment. Engine Room Assistant. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). . Emergency Powers Committee. Equipment Officer.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Engine Production or engine propellants. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Elevation/range. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Electric and Percussion.

Fleet Engineer Officer. Forward area sight. Field Ambulance. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Field imprisonment. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Fire Control Plotting Board. Field artillery tractor. Fighter dive-bomber. Field Company. Field Hygiene Section. Fire Control School. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fire Control. Field. Fleet Aviation Officer. Field Bakery. Forward Air Support Link. Fighter Development Unit. Field Battery. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fire direction table. Field Squadron. Fleet Adviser on Education. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Fleet Construction Officer. Fleet Dental Officer.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Free aerial mine. Facing (reconnaissance code). Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Forced landing. Field Ammunition Dump. Field Brigade. Farrier. . Fleet Accountant Officer.

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FEP FF FFC

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BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.

FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02

ABBREVIATIONS
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.

145

FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).

FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD

Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.

146
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..

GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ

ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC

147

Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

14th/20th Hussars. General Staff Officer. Heinkel. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. label. High explosive. High explosive. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. Head and breast (telephone set). Training. General Staff Officer. Geographical Section. Heavy anti-aircraft. Hussars or hygiene or height. Heavy bomber. armour-piercing incendiary tracer. Greenwich sidereal time. Horse. armour-piercing. Hexachloroethane (smoke). 3rd The King's Own Hussars. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. Hallamshire Battalion. 13th/18th Hussars. General Staff Officer. . 7th Queen's Own Hussars. High angle upper deck. High current density. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). York and Lancashire Regiment.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. High angle. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. Glider Training School. Haversine. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. The Honourable Artillery Company. Grade 3 (see also G3).-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). The Hampshire Regiment. Grade 1 (see also Gi). General Staff. General Staff Officer. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. or mark). Gross weight or Government property (stamp. Head. High-altitude bombing. Grade 2 (see also G2). Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code).

ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High explosive time fuze. High explosive incendiary tracer. Height observed (observed altitude). Mustard gas and lewisite. Horses (reconnaissance code). Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Head of the Research Department. High explosive substitute (or shell). Hirings. . Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. Hospital. Herefordshire Regiment. Howitzer. High frequency oscillator. Heavy Glider Training Unit. His Majesty's Indian Ship. Hertfordshire Regiment. High frequency radio telephone. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High frequency (in combination). His (Her) Imperial Highness. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High explosive graze fuze with delay. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. High frequency detector. Highest possible score. His Majesty's South African Ship. Hexagon. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). His Majesty's Canadian Ship. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. High explosive graze fuze. High explosive tracer. Hotchkiss (ammunition). His Majesty's Australian Ship.

HQ HQASFETO. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. HQMA HQSOSETO. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. S. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. U. USA Headquarters.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point.150 BRITISH. Infantry (tank). Services of Supply. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. Army Service Forces. S. Headquarters. Army. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. S. . High terminal velocity. USA Headquarters. Hard strength brass (or bronze). I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. "I" Intelligence Officer. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). HSL Viscous mustard gas. Base Area. European Theater of Operations. HQBA Headquarters. Royal Artillery. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. U. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Headquarters. HSB High speed launch. European Theater of Operations. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. Medium Artillery. HV Heavy. IARO Indicated air speed. HRS Haenschel. U. Headquarters. USA Army. inspection aircraft. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. HQETO. HQRA Hour. HTV High velocity. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . sextant (sextant altiHS tude). Army (now HQASFETO. European Theater of Operations. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. USA).

Inch. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Imperial Defence College. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Incendiary. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Inspection Instruments. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Imprisonment with hard labour. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). .ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Identification friend or foe. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Infantry. Maintenance. Indicating Net Defence. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Instructor of Fire Control. Inspector-General. Indicator Loop Station. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. United Kingdom. India or Indian. Coast Artillery. Information or informed. Inspection Marine Craft. Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Inspection. Imperial Chemical Industries. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Inspection Materials. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Indian Hospital Corps. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Igniter's safety fuze. Indian Army (see also IA). Indian Medical Service.

Joint Intelligence Committee. Instructions to proceed. Instantaneous. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Instruction for Practice Seawards. Installations. India rubber vulcanized. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Joint Intelligence Staff. Inspection Stores Works. type A. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. . Quarter-Master-General's Service. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Initial Training Wing. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Irish Republican Army. Intelligence Officer. Inspector. Isle of Wight. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Inspector. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Initial Training School. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Joint Airworthiness Committee. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Royal Engineers. Instrument Production. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Intelligence Officer. Inspection note. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Royal Artillery. Instructor (see also Instr). Inland Water Transport. Inter Service Information Series. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Staff (Operations). Inspection Stores or Instructor. Inspection Stores Engineering. Judge Advocate-General. Intelligence (see also I). Instruction or instructor (see also Inst).

King's Harbour Master. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Pound (monetary unit). Ethyliodoacetate. Light automatic or lead azide. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. George. . Kilocycles. Light anti-aircraft. Michael and St. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). Kite Balloon Section. 16th/5th Lancers. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Junction. Kensington Regiment. Knight Commander of the Order of St.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. Light Aid Detachment. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Knight of the Garter. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. King's Regulations. Knight of the Thistle. Knight of St. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. 17th/21st Lancers. Legal Branch Officer. Knight. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). Patrick. Junkers. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. King's Norton Solution. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft flak (barge). Landing craft barge (mechanised). Land Defence Force. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft support (medium). breech mechanism. Landing craft assault. Pound. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Landing craft flak barge (large). Latitude (see also L). Leader. Leicestershire Yeomanry. Landing craft barge (dumb). Landing craft. Landing craft personnel (large). navigational. Landing. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft support (small). Landing craft tanks. Landing craft support (large). Low frequency. Landing craft personnel (medium). Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft flak.154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft infantry (large). Local apparent time. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Lift and force (pump). Pounds per horsepower hour. . Lever. Landing craft support (barge). Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft personnel (ramped). Labour or light bomber. Lance-Corporal.

Lo or LO Liaison Officer. Lovat Liquid oxygen. LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. Lothians Lovat Scouts. LP Lord Privy Seal. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LHA Local hour angle (east). LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LR London Rifle Brigade. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). Light machine gun. LO Left out of battle. Logarithm. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). Lincolns London Irish Rifles. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LMT Longitude (see also Long). Loyals Low power or local purchases. LPS Light railway(s). LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . Long The Lothian and Border Horse. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LRB Long Range Desert Group. LHA(E) Library. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LGA Limbered general service wagon.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). LH Local hour angle. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LSD Landing ship (gantry). LMG Local mean time. LS Landing ship dock. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). Lieut Lieutenant-Commander.

. Light warning (portable). Magazine or magnetic. Left Section. Military Air Defence System. Light warning (vehicle). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Local Technical Committee. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Landing ship infantry (small). Link Training Instructor School. Landing ship (personnel). Landing ship infantry (medium). Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Long wave. Landing ship infantry (large). - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Low temperature treatment. Low velocity. Master-at-arms. Motor Ambulance Convoy. Landing ship (stern). Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Low water ordinary spring tide. Light. Medical Branch Officer. Supply Service.156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Low temperature annealing. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Lieutenant-Colonel. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. (See LSgt).. Low tension (voltage). Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Lieutenant-General. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Landing Zone.

M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Ministry of Aircraft Production. Motor anti-submarine boat. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Motorcycle. Manning Depot. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. The Manchester Regiment. MD MDG Medical Director-General. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. Member of the Order of the British Empire. Major-General (see also MG). MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. md Mean difference. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. MCH Maximum ceiling height. MCS Mine Control Station. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Mine Depot or message-dropping. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. Megacycles. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. Middle East or military engineering. Major. Mech Med Medium or medical. Medical Advance Station. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. Motorcycle machine gun. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. Met or MET . Manager of Engineering Department.

Royal Artillery. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Military Field Photographic Section. Mobile Veterinary Section. Medium machine gun. Military Intelligence Officer. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military Forwarding Officer. Major-General. Medium frequency.. Major-General in charge of Administration. Ministry of Home Security. Military Foreman of Works. Major-General. Mobile or mobilisation. Military Foot Police. Miles in the hour (speed). Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Master of the Fleet. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. e. Major-General. Military. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Ministry of Economic Warfare. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Motor gunboat. Method of filling. Mine laying aircraft. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. General Staff. Mineral jelly. Manual of Field Engineering. . Mark (i. Military Intelligence Service. model). Minute. Military Mounted Police.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport.

Miles per gallon. Main Supply Depot. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Two-man torpedo boat.159 Ministry of Supply. Military Provost Staff Corps. Miles per hour. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Muzzle velocity. MTSD MU my or MV . Medical Officer of the Guard. Mine-Sweeping Group. Mounted. Machineable quality. Mean' point of burst. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Material Production Liaison Officer.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Medical Technical Orders. screws. Mounting. Motor torpedo boat. Mortar. Medical Receiving Station. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Maintenance Unit. Motor or motorized. Metres per second. Mountain. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Meritorious Service Medal. Nuts. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Military Personnel Research Committee. Military Training Pamphlet. Message picking up. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. and bolts. . Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Mean sea level.

Northeast. Naval Aid to (1st. Non-Combatant Corps. NFP Night-fighter plotting. Non-ferrous metals. Nursing Auxiliary Service. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Minor War Signal Station. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Navigation Instruction Officer. etc. National Defence Research Committee. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Non-Comissioned Officer. Non-auto frettaged. Navy. . Naval Air Liaison Officer. No break (contact). Not fair hit. Netherlands East Indies. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Nitrocellulose tubular. Natural Navigation. Naval Control Service Officer. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Army and Air Force Institutes. Nitrocellulose. Non-delay. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer.) Sea Lord. Naval Control Service Instructions. Newfoundland.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). Naval Equipment Depot.

Naval Transport Officer. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Naval Liaison Officer. Naval Officer-in-Charge. Naval Law Branch. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Nobel rim neonite. Nitroglycerine. Nose instantaneous. Naval Land Equipment. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). . Night trace flame trace. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. Normal temperature pressure. National Rifle Association. New Zealand. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. particularly clothing. Nose instantaneous rod. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Flashless propellant. Northwest. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. The Northamptonshire Regiment. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. North Irish Horse. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. Not recorded. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Naval Exchange. Naval Ordnance Department. Not known. Not in vocabulary (stores. contrary to regulations). The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Night reconnaissance. Nautical miles. Not timed or night tracer. No sound back.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Number. North Somerset Yeomanry.

Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Ordnance Depot. Ordnance Field Park. . Officer-in-charge. Ordnance Board. Open (reconnaissance code). Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Operations (see also Ops). Officer Cadet Training Unit. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Out of service. Oblique photographs. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Officer of the Day. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Overseas Liaison (Officer). Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). (Member of the) Order of Merit. Divisional Signals. Officer (see also 0). Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer of the Guard or ogival. Officer Commanding. Royal Marines. Observation post. Officer Keeper. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Officer Commanding. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Royal Army Service Corps. Officer of the Watch. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. On His Majesty's Service. Observer Officer (see also 00). Operation or operating or operator. Officer Commanding. Observation. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment.

Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Paragraph or parachute. Operational Photographic Unit. Plastic Armour Officer. at 0 feet. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. e. Oxford. Ordnance. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Parliamentary Private Secretary. muzzle velocity). Other Ranks Training Unit. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Official use. Operational Research Section. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Operational Training Unit. Parachute and cable. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Pathology. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Over water (proof of projectiles). Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group.ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Parachute troops.. Officers' Training Corps. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Observed velocity (i. Parliamentary Secretary. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Passive air defence. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). . Organise or Organisation.

Photographic Officer. Postogram.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Physical. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Period delay mechanism. Public House (Inn). Phosphorus. Partial detonation or projectile development. Production Development Station. Production Engine Accessories. Park. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Infantry Anti-Tank. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Proof and Experimental Officer. Production. Port Detachment. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Petrol (gasoline). Canadian and American. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Principal Establishment Officer. Pounder (see also por and PR). Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Pigeon. Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Telephone (see also tel). Production Development Executive. Projector. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Provisional condemning (limit). Photograph or photographic or photography.

Post Office. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Public Relations Branch. Pilot Officer. Provost. Paymaster. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Press and Publicity Officer. Port of London Authority. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. President. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Principal Officer. . President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Petrol (gasoline). Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Plain language. Petrol Railhead. Paymaster-in-Chief.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Regimental Institutes. Merchant Marine. Position. Petrol Point or picric powder. oil. and lubricants. Pioneer. Principal Medical Officer. Publications Liaison Officer. Powder metal-lined (case). Principal Private Secretary. Position line. Phonogram. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Principal Military Landing Officer. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service.

A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Graduate. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Please turn (page) over. Point. Paper. white. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Graduate. Pyrotechnics. fine. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Printing and Stationery Service. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Housing signal. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Proprietory. Porton. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Publication. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Prisoner(s) of War. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Quadrant elevation. Physical Training Officer.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Private. Pay. Pick-up truck. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Quick firing or decoy fire. Postogram. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Physical Training. Police War Reserve. . Paravane. Post War Signals Station. Military Staff College. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Permanent Under-Secretary of State.

ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Quarter-Master-General. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Regimental Aid Post. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Regulations. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Railway(s) (see also Ry). The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Royal Australian Air Force. Royal Artillery Survey. Range and direction as deflected. Queen's Westminsters. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Royal Army Medical Corps. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Royal Air Force. Royal Australian Navy. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Radio acoustic. Supplies. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Range and accuracy. Queen Victoria Rifles. Army Ordnance Services. Royal Army Pay Corps. Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Light decoy. Royal Army Chaplains' Department.

Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Research Development Engines. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Research Development Armaments. Research Development Photographic Equipment. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Royal Canadian Air Force. Road junction. Royal Cartridge Department. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Research Development Mechanical Transport. Regional Development Officer. Research Development Communications. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. carbamite 3. Relief Driver Increment. . Road or round (of ammunition). Radio counter measures. Royal Canadian Navy. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). NC 21. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development (Naval). picrate 55. Remote Control Office. Research Development Aircraft. Research Development Instruments. Research Development Marine Craft. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Repair Depot.

Recruiting Centre. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Recovery. Royal Filling Factory.) (reconnaissance code). Royal Field Artillery. River Emergency Service. Registry. Research Development Technical Investigation. Reconnaissance float plane. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). C.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Regulating or regulation. Reserve. etc. Reference. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Representative. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Regiment or regimental. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Royal Gun Factory. etc. Reference Point A (B. C. Rifleman. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Range. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). . Reinforcement (see also rein). Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Royal Garrison Artillery. Retired.

Raw Materials Depot. Render inert mechanism. Russian Liaison Group. . Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Naval Barracks. Royal Indian Army. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Regimental Headquarters. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Royal Marine Striking Force. Railway Operating Division (RE). Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. green. Royal Naval Officer.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Rendering mines safe. River (reconnaissance code). The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Reserve of Officers. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Royal Navy. Railway (see also Ry). Royal Military College. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Rockets. Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Observer Corps. Royal Indian Navy. Royal Naval Division. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). 1st The Royal Dragoons. Royal Naval Reserve. signal.

Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Range table muzzle velocity. . (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Regimental Starting Point. The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Radio Production (American). Range table. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Regimental Sergeant-Major. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Repeated. Research Report. Radio Production (Supplies). Royal Corps of Signals. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Radio Production (Technical). Rounds per gun. Returned Stores Depot. Research Technical Publications. Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Right Honourable. The Royal Ulster Rifles. Royal Tank Corps. Rendezvous. Royal Scots Fusiliers. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Radio Research Board. Royal Small Arms Factory. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Regimental Survey Officer. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment.

Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Small arms rifle grenade. Small Arms School. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. capped. Shipping advice and delivery note.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Senior Air Liaison Officer. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Single-axle drive. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Small bomb container. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Squadron Artillery Officer. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). South African Engineer Corps. Short aerial mine. South African Air Force. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Standard ballistic limit. Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Salvage. Railway Telegraph. Small box-girder (bridge). South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Shilling (monetary unit). Senior British Naval Officer. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Small Arms School Corps. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Society of Automotive Engineers. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). South African Irish Rifles.

approximate composition: SC used for rockets.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). The Duke of Albany's). Self-destroying tracer. Second-in-command. Staff Duties. Slow-burning explosive. Scottish Horse. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. . Section (see also X). Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Sub-Contracting Production. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Royal Artillery. Security Officer. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Staff Duties and Training Section. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Smoke Curtain Installation. Special despatch rider. Signals. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). carbamite 9. Propellant name. Second or security. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Signal Equipment Design. approximate composition: NG 41. Corps Medium Artillery. NC 50. Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Siding (reconnaissance code). Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Single-engine fighter. Signal Distributing Officer. Superintending Civil Engineer. Stores Depot. Staff Captain. Supply Dropping Point. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast.

174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Signal. Steam gunboat. Special issue. Secret Intelligence Service. (See Sgt. Sidereal hour angle -(of star).) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison." which is official in the Royal Air Force. Sergeant. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Sheet. Senior Intelligence Officer. Senior Gas Adviser. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Signal Officer. Situation Report. Sine. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Squadron Gunnery Officer. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry).- . Signalman. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Shrapnel. but the spelling "sergeant. Signals. Shropshire Yeomanry. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Signals or Communications Officer. Sulphurless fine grain. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. is frequently used. Searchlight Directing Station. Service Flying Training School. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Searchlight emplacement. Searchlight Commander.

Testing device for RAF recruits. School of Aeronautical Engineering. Signal Operations Instructions. Senior Military Adviser. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Senior Naval Officer Landing. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). School of Artillery. Submarine (see also Sub). Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Secretary. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Supply Landing Point.' Selected Military) Officer.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). . Staff Officer. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Superintendent of Experiments. Searchlight laying. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Staff Officer (Liaison). Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Organisation and Methods Division. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Senior Organisation Officer. Senior Medical (e. Scientific Liaison Officer. Physical Training. School of Military Engineering. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Superintendent of Mine Design. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Sound locator.

Supply Refilling Point. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Royal Marines. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Signalling projector. Ship-born. Stocks and Storage. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. . Special Duties Officer. Sector Searchlight Commander. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Royal Engineers. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Staff Sergeant. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Support. Senior Officers' School. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Staff Officer. Squadron. Single shot. Squadron Officer. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Sapper (engineer). Single-seater fighter.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Senior Officer. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Royal Artillery. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post.

Station. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Switchboard. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Slightly unsteady. The East Surrey Regiment. Standard time. The Suffolk Regiment. . Standard wire gauge.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Small Vessels Pool. Supply Depot. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Statistics and Planning. Supply Point. The South Wales Borderers. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Supply. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Super-sonic telegraphy. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Seater. The South Staffordshire Regiment. Sepoy. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Strategical reconnaissance. Supply Officer. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Submarine (see also S/M). Survey (see also SV).

Technical Detachment. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Test and Development Establishment. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Thames Ammunition Works. Engineer Officer. Armament Officer. Tail delay 2 seconds. Tank Delivery Regiment. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). The Adjutant-General. Tangent. Torpedo bomber (or boat). A. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. S. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Track (reconnaissance code). Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Tactical Control Officer. Torpedo Development Unit. Twin-engine fighter. Tank Committee Liaison. Tank Board.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Twin-engine bomber. Tactical reconnaissance. Territorial Army Allowances. Tentacle. Trench (reconnaissance code). Administrative training. U. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. True air speed. Technical or technician. Tank Design Liaison. Tank Delivery Squadron. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Text-Book of Gunnery. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Traffic Control Post.

Transportation (see also tpt). Tactical exercise without troops. Target. Training Manual. Tank Production Armour (code). Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). teletype). Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Tail instantaneous. Tests of elementary training. Tank (see also Tk). Target moving (reconnaissance code). Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Technical Maintenance Officer. Telephone exchange. Thompson machine carbine. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Torpedo and mine. Temperate land scheme. Tank (see also Tnk). Troop or Transport. S. Time of origin. Time of receipt. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Time fuze. Time of flight. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Trailer. Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. Threads. Telegraph or telegraphic. Time of despatch. Teleprinter (U. Telescope identification. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Time of burning. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Time handed in.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). . sensitive. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Tail instantaneous. Town gas main. TNT beeswax.

. percussion. Tube. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). e. Union Defence Force. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Tank Supply Liaison.180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Temperate sea scheme. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Underwater electrode potential. Trooper. United Kingdom. Twin-seater fighter. Torpex. Their Royal Highnesses. Signal Officer. Universal call (switchboard). Transported. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). Troops. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Trumpeter or transporter. Training. Goods trucks (i. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Unexploded Bomb Committee.. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Tank War Office Liaison. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Unit Equipment Table. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. small arm. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Terminal velocity. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer.

. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Vickers diamond hardness. Vertical interval. Valves for Oliphant. Very mild explosion. Verbal (i. given either written or verbally (i. Unexploded bomb. United States or unsteady start. Vickers-Bertheir. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Vice-Admiral Commanding. orally) to signaller. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Unserviceable (see also U). Very high frequency. Message of which no record is kept. Vehicle. Victoria Cross. Vulcanized in rubber. Very low frequency. e. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Volume moisture. Veterinary Evacuating Station.. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Visual indicating equipment. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). e. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). oral). . Variable elevation beam. Veterinary (see also V). Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Unit Landing Officer. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff.

War Establishment(s). 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Warships (reconnaissance code). Warning telephone. Wing. Vent. Volunteer Reserve. The Welch Regiment. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. War Department. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Investigation Section. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Woolwich adjusted charge. NC 65. Vertical photograph (or photography). electric. Velocity/pressure. Wing Commander.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Wing Artillery Officer. Vehicles to the mile (road density). War Establishment Table(s). Velocity of adjustment. Visual telegraphy. With effect from. or percussion (tube). Wireless electrical mechanic. Visual signalling. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). carbamite 6) or west or watch. Vulnerable point or vent. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. Wing Officer. Western Approaches Tactical Unit. Veterinary Officer. War Establishment Committee. Week ending. Watch correction or water closet. sealing.

9g. Wagon Line Officer. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. War Intelligence Committee. e. NC 65. Signifies experimental failure.. 1. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Expanded metal. Extended Defence Officer. Women's Voluntary Service. Withdrawn and replaced. Propellants and charges. Warrant Officer. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. War Registry. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). War Office or Warrant Officer. Weapon training. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Yorkshire Dragoons. Yard(s) (e. Women's Royal Naval Service. . carbamite 2). Class 1 (2). Warships Production Superintendent. Yorkshire Hussars. Yard. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Cross road(s).000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. M/Je.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Wireless School. g. The Worcestershire Regiment. Wireless Operator Unit. Explosive(s) or section(s).ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Workshop. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). White phosphorus. Women's Land Army. Works.. Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). The York and Lancaster Regiment.

A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). Zone watch. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). Zone position indicator. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Lead azide and CE.184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). . Wireless Interception Service. Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle.

at the end. usually means Officer or Order. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. usually indicated by s. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. at the end. factories. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing).ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . at the end of an abbreviation. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. which is. however. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. may indicate a plural form. often means development or design or defence or Department. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. at the end.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. Anywhere .

.

" (3) "Security. ciphers.Appendix A. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. Tables of Organization. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. discussions on new types of weapons..13 S." b. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. (5) "Not to be published. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war." (2) "Secret. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- . CATEGORIES a. etc. Other matters. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential").. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret. 187 -. such as code words. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. etc. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category. (5) (6) War sider I U. or forecasts of manpower.

The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer.. . and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. whenever possible. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. etc. d.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. For example. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. e. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. location lists. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. (2) Ciphers. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. and orders of battle. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated.

.... CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification.-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- ." Confidential" …l.... S. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification.. ---. 2. military training pamphlets.. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line."-" "Secret" ...APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally.. 3. S. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger.. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda.. .. and other documents of a military nature.. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded.. ------. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification... BRITISH AND U.. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------.

Large. S...000 ---------------.000 and 1:250. Within the British Isles..-..Small...000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles. 2..000.000. 3. Standard .--------------. 1: 20. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. . MAPS 1. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.440 .Appendix B.63.--.360 -----I------------Medium.600 . They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary...584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.500.. Large ---------1: 40. medium-1:62... Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales. I inch to I mile . SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a. when it was superseded by the Modified British System. Actually U.-. 1. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. intermediate-1:125.. Small ---------. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U..----------. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U.. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927.. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.1: 633. maps and are designated by representative fractions..168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----. S. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile . ¼inch to I mile -. maps.. S..--------------Intermediate..000 and 1:100. Small ------------1: 126. S. 1: 253.-. .-----.720.Small..000 -----------------Large. Large ---------. 190 .i: 1-. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.

-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. thus making large squares identical in size.000 map series of Great Britain. this being called "ceasting. M. military grid maps. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. Every tenth line is thickened. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. L. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example.APPENDIX B 191 scales." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. b. Q7506. east and west. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. . U. Q. British System (1) Description. S. P.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. (2) Use. and R. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures.

Thus the point P. is repeated every 50 kilometers. 6). in the small square 21.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. The easterly coordinate is always given first. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers.': omitting the letter "I" (fig.192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 .-British System grid. 0 30 Figure 5. . These squares are again subdivided. (2) Description. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. Modified British System (1) General.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. 5). in the large lettered squares. each of which is designated by a letter.) c.

. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered.Z .' W X " ! Figure 6.{--{wa'r I T .. L M NW ____ . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.-Grid lettering. JV :. Modified British System.___ °.ia. . the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened. every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.\ .

of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. in 10-kilometer units. it may be described as the point of reference. 5 I Figure 7. and its reference is therefore vH 6335.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7.3 units east and 3. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. The number denotes the distance.-Modified British System grid.5 units north of the point of reference. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . It lies in square vH. without unduly obscuring the detail. 0--f 0 . Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. (4) Y inch to I mile map. but owing to the larger scale it is possible.

-Modified Figure British System grid. namely.-On maps of these scales. inch to mile mp. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted. Figure 8. . The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. 4 inch to I mile map.-Modified British System grid. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies. (v)H 6335. since there is no possibility of duplication.

on any grid line denotes. 1 inch to I mile map. to the (false) . and to every tenth number is added. 59 270 O 69 6867 . the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L .196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side.-Modified British System grid. in smaller print. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. Figure 9. this time in kilometer units.

3 units east and 67. but this is not normally necessary. in figure 9. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.5 units north of the point :of reference. Its reference is therefore 533675. . the point Q is 53. Thus.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference.

Appendix C.1 2. B. R. U. H. Q.-British radio procedures. T. P. "Two: T for Toc. K. O. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. W for William. Z. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. W." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. X. N. Procedure" (January 20. the word itself is first spoken.) See also FM 24-10. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. O for Orange. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. E. 1943). STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. STANDARD PROCEDURES a." b. L. G. Y. 1942. for example. F. 198 . D. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . followed by the phonetic spelling. M. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. C. I. S. V. J.

Owe "Wun" ____ -_.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener.O." etc. 7. 1. Ioigure . 199 of numbers is similar to U. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun". 9._ ----.Two ---"Foer" _. . 4._W 1 PG. 3. I reS f1om du =2 o riioi.- . S. . etc.)t._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). .R.Eight FORM -------.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--.APPENDIX C .. --._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. Z44101.-British message blank (reduced from original size). I . 6.--"Six" Five . _"Sei-en" ---. W= ) . 33. 5. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-.0iSi Figure 10. I10NS OUT . :usage except for-numbers such as 11.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_.4 ___I___1 l. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too.._ _. 22. 8. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0.Six _"Ate" ---. For instance..H.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___.1 _ _ _1 DUG. MESSAGE AND RU . 2..

Sev-en --. or "stop..on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too.-. cipher. Wun. to which reference is being made. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. Too. December 7 is written 7).200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. VI.. Six. Niner." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. Six. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. 1. if any. A period. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box... Wun . .. 93)... (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. Wun." c. . Fife Niner. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e. Owe . Foer .. Owe . Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. . Wun Six . g.. . It may consist of plain language. p. O-w-e. Owe. Ate -.. . par.. or code...

H." may be put in this space. Signal officers may use this priority.= time handed in. d. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. By commanders and senior staff officers. T. _ By any officer. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. or may be sent as a phonogram. such as "To await arrival. are issued by the General Staff. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. Immddiate for messages of special importance. R. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. _-----. I. . together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. 2 Priority lists. and local time).By regimental commander or senior staff officers. Any other instiuction. is given. (a) "Written message" procedure. O.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. if any.= time of receipt. For routine messages. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. showing in detail which officers may use each priority.-There are several procedures in use. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. No indication------For messages of minor importance.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. In the case of a phonogram. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. (T.

strength 6. strength 7. or cannot. "fair".-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-The message is sent straight through. This is used for quick questions and answers. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable".-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. (c) "F" method. (d) "G" method. strength 9. e.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. (b) "SR" (send replies) method.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. This method is used when the receiver must not. reply. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. (e) "DC" method.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. "good". (2) Methods of transmission. no answers being given." . "very strong.

Penny (ld. Sixpence (6d...' The table of equivalents given below. a tanner. S. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. S. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. 1942). Florin-2 shillings (2s.00 in U. shilling. a stever)__ 6 cents.. 2/6) (two and six.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent.... now exchanges for about $4. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. 6 cents. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------.) ("sixp'nce". S. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4. abbreviated £..50. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. a stever) --------------. currency. Silver coins: Threepence (3d. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. and d.. . I The official rate authorized between the U.00.. Threepence (rare) (3d.. CURRENCY a. British U..50 cents.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. 203 . See WD Circular No. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. or a kick) -----------12 cents. s.. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents.035 per British pound ster4ing. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2. and pence. 1 shilling.. 399 (December 9. General The pound sterling.Appendix D... 6d. meaning 2 pounds..00. £5 and up.) ("thrup'nce. Shilling-12 pence (Is. Larger denominations of pound notes.) ---------------------------------2 cents." or "thrup'ny bit". Halfpenny (¼2d.. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. and 6 pence..) ("thrup'nce. CONVERSION TABLES 1. Prices are usually written in pounds. 5/-) ----------------------$1." or "thrup'ny bit". however..

whereas the U. I thousand billions (1..240 pounds.204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b..000 pounds.000)___ 1 quadrillion. jewelry. S.. Expensive articles such as furniture..000.. I imperial peck 1. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). automobiles.bushels.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).3 1 statute mile -----------------------..032 dry quarts. I imperial gallon _---------. long (20 long cwt. whereas the U. orthousandmillions (1. 11. a 1 ton. long -------------112 pounds. 1 milliard.000) -------------_ 1 trillion. 1 hundredweight (cwt. S.000.. 1 trillion (1.. ..000) ----1 quintillion..240 pounds. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a..") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds).. Thus. 1 shilling. _ .000..) -----------.. ..2 liquid quarts.. i shilling...000.000.000. I imperial bushel -------------------1.000. such as a guinea. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.7.. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" .. S.. _ .) is 2. hundredweight (short hundredweight.--------weigh 175 pounds. Differences The following differences between British and U. are usually priced in guineas.000. ton (short ton. 1 billion (1. when an article sells for a guinea. 1. 1.000. . 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons.03 pecks.1 mile...0.000)__ 1 billion.. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. 2.000. precious stones.000. etc.000. which is equal to 1 pound.. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds.______ 2.. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound.). or cental) is 100 pounds.. below): British United Slates J. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.000. or 20 short cwt..000.

5. However. all of which are similar. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. Horsepower In Great Britain.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). but such a ratio is incorrect. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).1416.7. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. . as in the United States. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower.APPENDIX D 205 b. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. which is normally used in the United States. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. S. 2 3 3 . For example.4D 2 N." horsepower. In some tables of equivalents. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. The brake horsepower formula.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways.

(c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. Oil. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds. . Gasoline. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. and Water4 (1) Formulas.

2 25 . 71 546.184 . s2 109 200 .20 feet (1.1333 . 333 3.4 . 537 160. nautical.0833 . .0634 .5 5261 6667 . 25. 000 80. 000 .3168 .0528 12 67 .0158 . S. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6.792 .971 1.12 2. 13 47. 750.92 1 185.4 2 .0667 1 .3. 223 8. 10. 35 31. 800 300. 267 1.25 15.Kilo.6667 40.5 6.609. 000 633.6093 8 1 4.0333 .2367 12.9864 50.000 100 B4t 9 4.112 3 2. 370 7.67 15. 000 400. 336 1 4 3. 891 6.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.014.APPEINDIX P 207 d.3168 2.000 .05 . British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.7891 .005 1. 1584 .3946 21.6336 1.15155 statute miles. 1529 1.317 . 600 500. 000 316.5 .0211 . 000 . 000 190.1056 6.75 63.0127 . 000 . 5 1. 440 250.25 1.625 1. 117 2. that of the U.25 .333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .672 .224 . 8 16 110 201.1 M. 4 2. 1.025 . 36 .973 1.1267 . 046 63..584 .0845 .0422 . ms to m . 720 125.3 1.000 . 470 10 18. 2 220 660 I 11 20.5 1.05 25. 500 . 1.0176 63. 891 9.829 2 6 1 1.54 I The geographical.0079 e.4.853.1578 5. 000 4.1578 .000 20.578 1.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.0395 1. or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 000 . 336 . 934 100. 23 1.2112 . 2 80 880 1. 48 20.0273 1. 760 5.Stat.8 1 1.1267 . 000 . 946 4 4.027. 78 11.000 . 313 6 667 7.0317 .920 792 72 39.6336 -.57 23. 000 100. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.735 4 3.080 feet (1.093. 971 491. 000 78.44 30. 000 253.946 3.1584 .4224 1. 157 .12 22 66 1 1. 91 63.4224 .680 .014 . 012 183 100 91. 223 1 1. 515 1 73. .2534 .3333 20. 000 . 4 M. 560 .Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. .901 1.157 3 2.1 12 . 1.8 1.248 meters.02 .6 2. 37 36 12 7. 029.85325 kilometers). 087. 281 1 3 1 9.1 . 578 1.2534 2.15: 5 . 34 . 500 .0 yards. 840 .01 126.0789 2. 8554 9. 360 1 62.000 1.367 2. 2.0158 500 . 000 200.5 1.157 15.2.2 . 5 3.84 10 7.3333 . 4 . 2.6313 31. 3 M. 534 .7891 42. 367 2 1.168 3 2:534 2.3946 . 263 1.3333 . several different values are in use. 1 6. 120 . 168 . 6 3.025 36 . Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080. 240 .2112 3. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere.7600 . 344 4 . 1 M.5 2 1.25 1 8 .25 3 . 735 5 6. 667 1 10. 280. 0936 3. 000 126. 2M.4735 25.5. and is called the Admiralty mile. 280 49.5069 .72 . 1.6 .2 .267 . 21 600 of a great circle of the earth.853. 080 150. 360 39. 855.8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 280 . 94 -20 40 56. 000 75.2 meters). 313 5 4.5 30.

..... --. 2654.. 3937 2.211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons.03527 . 35 PoundK ----------...186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -.-----. _'_1.. ...1...013 85 .---0648 15...06 .5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters .. U.. Watt-hours .... 04 .092 9 10..----------------Watts -.005 08 196.8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1...-Meters per second .068 03 14..155 Square centimeters --0--.061 Cubic inches--Liters -. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------..746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25. Quintals_ .. -..0 Feet------------------------Meters.447 2.405 2...913 33 . S 1.---. Feet per second.... K... 50.. 1. .4=millimeters..---...304 8 3..--------------Miles per hour ------..12 ...621 37 Kilometers per hour -. .387 ...08 Horsepower--------.227 3.----. .K--Kilograms.British thermal units per ...000 948 1055.------.. Miles per hour.-Kilometers per hour.-.________. 304 . .. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX. 000 948 1055. Hectares_ Acres .....Gram calories -.Meters per second_ .892 8 1.-.0377 36... _ ....02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496..-. Atmospheres--------..830 Horsepower -------..011 363 6 88.. 0 .-K.22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.-..-. 0 Inches --------------------.... ......---.... Horsepower (metric)'l-.....-.019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ... .986 1.002 02 14.013 15 Horsepower---------. Meters per second -.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1..018 288 Feet per minute --..Grams -.568 1... Centimeter .0547 18.16 . 0254 39..... 288 Meters per minute .097 28 . 78 .028 32 35. .152 ..._---.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------.36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------. 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------...... 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -.914 4 1...06 2.. ....04 ... Feet per minute 54.36 second.-. . I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second..76 Gallons -----------Liters -4.------..------.867 4 645.27 ..Cubic meters_-----------------_ ....039 37=inches. 802 ... 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1.986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550.-----------. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1...001 3403 746.001 340 3 Watts -----.Foot-pounds -.340 3 . ... 432 Grams -..609 34 ...0 ..609 3 .......0 Cubic feet _...0 Feet per minute.47 .014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -....681 82 1.Meters .. 508 1.7646 Grains -----------------. Meters--. 764 Cubic inches . -. 4 ...-Square meters..-. Ounces______-_...016 ....'466 7 Feet per second .0833 12.070 31 Pounds per square inch meter. 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . .546 ..-...08 746.....0164 61... General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal .....453 59 2.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ......589 miles-.621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6....... . .---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------...907 2 1.... . 16.451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.--.161 6.. 238 8 4..236 9 Miles per hour-. . 25....------1.....000 376 8 Kilowatts -. 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1. 85 Meters per second..97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----..001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76.208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f. .6 6.....308 ..984 2 Ounces 35..205 .280 8 Yards -. 68 .. Horsepower .. ..8 3.28..087 feet)-. Kilograms ...----------Feet per second -... Cubic centimeters_ .197 Pints -------------------------Liters ..... --Inch_ -.3862 Square kilometersSquare .-. 223 _ ilograms per square centi..

APPENDIX D 209 :. British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ . o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .

PRNTG GOER. < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o .erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. British Protractor--Rev..~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I . OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 . RR oG L h.~~~~U GERNMN S.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:..

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