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L SERIES, NO. 13

MAY 15, 1943

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2

AUm THITrYOF

UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
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PREPARED BY

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
WAR DEPARTMENT

PRBVERM OF U;S X

REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY

AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,

SERVICE

CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

NOTICE
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.

UNCLASSIFIED

CONTENTS
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --

Page

1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85
85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92

VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------

--

----

93
93

1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--

a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

c. Regiment of Artillery (RA) . STAFF.. Supporting Arms-. 104 h. AND SERVICES-Continued.. 5.. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. APPOINTMENTS. f. g. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . 7. Headquarters and Formations-Con..RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----.... e... TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .. FORMATIONS... General --------------------------98 b...-101 g.. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------.. 100 f.... Page 1. Appointments ----------------------d. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. d.. b.. a..----_ ------_---- 105 105 .. h. Infantry of the Line -. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter . Services --95 2.--.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.- a... Household Cavalry ----------------d...______3. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e. HEADQUARTERS. of Royal Engineers (. 6... Army Air Corps --------------------i.Master ... i. ----96 98 -_______-.IV CONTENTS VI. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.

BRITISH AND U..__-. General -----------_____--------b...__....... GENERAL---____-_--. General ----. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D. a. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c.. CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B...2. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---.... MAPS ------------. b..._____-... ---- a.. d.. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e..1.. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------. CHANGE 3..--a.. Sending a Message __.. Origin -----------------------.. C.CONTENTS V Page .. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1.... SCALES--__.------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.-____-_. -..... STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a.---__ ------------_ 2.. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------.---------1.. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---.-__-. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-. "Secret"_-. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -.. Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2.......___-------------_ e..--... Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 . S.....___ b... c... b.... CURRENCY -__---___--_______---.__-...______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-.----------- 190 190 190 3....----------------187 187 Appendix A. Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d.. GENERAL--______________________...

Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. Modified British System grid. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. U. Oil. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. S.. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. Horsepower -------------------------c. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. Grid lettering..------------. Modified British System ----------------.. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. U. S. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. 4. Modified British System grid. S. 2._194 195 196 199 . Gasoline. U. Modified British System grid. Differences ------------------------b. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9.VI CONTENTS D. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . British System grid --------------------------------6. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. 7.

military terms are given with their British equivalents. S. battery do not have the same connotations for U. In the lists which follow. common U. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. However. and the U. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. for example. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. and British officers. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. S.Section I. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. troops. S. S. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. gallon. Since new forms are constantly appearing. ton. 1 .

-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. U. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. military terms with their definitions. (see fig. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. 4. functional term has no British equivalent. Accountable officer. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U.-Absent from post or duty. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. rather. S. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. Where a U. S. or of funds. .Section 11. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). S. p. Responsible officer. etc. Accompanying artillery. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence.-Single batteries. 97). For example. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. platoons.

construction. rear echelon. such as traffic. Same or administration map. straggler line. for the exercise of temporary control. Adilressee. . and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. Same. sanitation. No equivalent. martial law. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. Advance by bounds.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. salvage. S. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. Advance by echelon. traffic control. and other allied subjects. Same.-An order covering administrative details. censorship. To make progress in the direction of the enemy.) Advance.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. Adlninistrative order.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. supply. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). Same. To move forward. Advance command post.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next.-An engagement or battle. Administration.-When unqualified. necessary tactical details also shown. maintenance. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order)." It comprises: supply. personnel management. or both. burials. replacements. quartering. military governmrent. graves registration.U. evacuation.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. transportation. usually one on a small scale. computations pertaining to movements. main supply road(s). train bivouacs. (See also Combat orders. such as supply and evacuation installations. and evacuation. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Administrative map. usually issued by divisions and higher units. Same.

Aerial (or air) observation.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.) Aeronautical charts. and moves ahead of. radio.000).-A term embracing Signal unit. signal intelligence. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank.Advanced guard. Same. Advance section.-Observation from bal. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. (See cedes the main body on the march.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. Air area. Aerial (or air) photograph. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. airplanes. loons. signal supply. Aid station.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. fig. the support of the advance 1. Van guard.) Advance message center.-A security detachment which pre. pigeon. subdivision of the communications zone. Advance party. 1. units having organic or attached observation aviation. and wire communication. tion to which the wounded are brought. (See fig.000. or airships.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. (RAP) (in the case sorting.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. and messenger.Aerial observation.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. .Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat.-Advance toward.-A detachment that is sent out by. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit). Advance on. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. visual. Agency of signal communication.-An establishment of the Medical De. any kind of aircraft. sound. oblique (vertical). pertaining to air navigation has been added. intended primarily for use in air navigation. Aerial (or air) photograph.

) (7) Advanced guard.S. (8) (Same. Figure 1. (4) Van guard. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). (13) Rear guard mobile troops. (5) Main guard.. . S.-U. ROUTE COLUMN ( U.S.tU. (12) Rear parties of rear guard. Rear guard: (9).o. S. (2). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L. O U. (3). (6). (10) Main body of rear guard. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). (11).

An alarm warning. Alignment. arming. . Alternate emplacement. Air raid warning system. Air defense command.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Alert. Airborne troops. Same.-A warning system consisting of observers. Fighter command. Alinement.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. antiaircraft artillery. Alternative site. Air superiority. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. Air superiority (or advantage).-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. Airdrome. Aircraft warning service.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Alternative position. operating. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.-A state of readiness for movement or action. Car post (CP). Air-landing troops. balloon barrages.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Aerodrome. British Same.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. Same. Vigilant.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. Ambulance loading post. Same. and maintaining military aviation units. Alternate firing position. information centers. pursuit aviation. including aircraft warning services.-A landing field.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed.

-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. front to rear and vice versa.IU. forms. employed to amplify orders and reports. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. usually in extended Same.-A ditch designed to stop the pas.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. to the point of effective small-arms fire. . charts. installations.-A route by which a place or position can Same. Troops posted in such a position. graphs. Annexes. sketches. overlays. motorized. Antitank mine field. or armored units. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). maps. Appendices and traces or annexures.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. and establishments against mechanized.-A point established for the ad. Antitank mine. or air attack is encountered. S. any device similarly operated. forces against attack from the air. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. etc. It includes passive means of defense.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. defence Antiaircraft defense. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. also. mission is employment against armored vehicles. Approach.Anti-tank ditch. The route leading to anything.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)).No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). to protect troops. Antimechanized defense. as a bridge.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. To attack from such a position.-Orders.. dispositions. Antitank weapons.-The advance. sage of track-laying vehicles. Approach march. tables. Ambush. Antitank ditch. be approached by an attacking force.

Assault. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. Army Regulations. local. King's Regulations. Artillery with the corps.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Armoured car.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. Assault. it is called the "charge. section. . When delivered by mounted troops. general. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Armored car. includes corps. division.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. Arrive. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. Same. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. they may be fixed or portable.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. assigned to General attack. Artillery position. assault.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. platoon. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. Local attack. Same. Artillery corps.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Artificial obstacles. Assault.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. company. Same.-To reach a designated point or line. Armored force.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. Same. and attached artillery. Artillery preparation. Armoured troops. Refers to the head of a unit.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules.

Ballistics. fig. Axial road.) Attacking echelon. forming up or concentration (b). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. of the elements of a command. Attack.U. 10. 10. Automatic supply.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. Balanced stocks. Same. The grouping of units in areas. (See also Exploitation. Attack. Normal supply. b. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. Auxiliary arm.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit.-(Obsolete.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. continuing. p. No equivalent. Exploitation.) Axis of signal communication. 9 British Forming up or parade (a).) (See Leading troops in attack. Supporting arm.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. named in the direction of contemplated movement. 2. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. . S. (See fig." Same.-The leading echelon in attack. prior to or following combat.) (See Main supply road.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. Attached unit. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).) Unit "'under command. 2. Assembly area.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. Assembly position. in close order. p. The regular grouping.-a.-The science of the motion of projectiles.

(8) (Same.) (6) (Same.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL).-U. S.) (5) (Same. (4) (Same. . regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).) (7) Plan of attack. Figure 2.) (9) Exploitation. (2) (Same.

Battle position. Same.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone.-Prearranged on a line or lines. No equivalent. Barrier tactics. Same. Barracks bag. Base section. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20.-A barrier of captive balloons.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. under the control of the commander of the theater. Beach defense.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Same. Same.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. Base area. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale).-A map. Same. Kit bag.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. that block or restrict entrance into an area. either natural or artificial.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment.-The position of principal resistance in defense. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Barrier.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. for the theater of operations as a whole. S. No equivalent. either stationary or moving. No equivalent.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. Base reserves. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. or both.-A group of obstacles. . usually applied to roads. fire Barrage. Same. Base unit (or base of movement).U.000.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. Battle map. 519636--43----2 Same. Barricade. Balloon bed. Beach defence. Beachhead.

-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. Bombardment aviation. when it strikes the ground. To put into camp.Same.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. Camp. Beaten zone. a defended area over which a bomber." Bomb-release line.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. or improvised shelter. ing an area. usually a group of letters.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. and the other a center of impact which is short of. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. Bound. elevations.-The difference between two ranges or Same. Bracket. Bivouac.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare).-A system of standing barrages enclos. Billets. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. nature. Same. or military works." "medium. Boundary. or location of material. troops. classes established in dumps on the beach. Bridgehead. A temporary location or station for troops. Camouflage. ings. one giving a center of impact which is over. armoured formations shelter tents. used for radio station identification. To establish a camp.Same. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. Box barrage.Same. Call sign. the target.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. letters and numerals.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage.Same. vancing in one of several successive moves.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. .-A signal.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. Breakthrough.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. or of Code sign. ing the enemy as to the existence.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. aircraft." and "heavy. classified as "light.

(See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. Chemical cylinder. radio broadcasts.U.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. press dispatches. discharge. a powerful irritant effect. Cipher. Same. Registration. capture.-The senior General Staff officer. Hutment. Casualties. the right center element is considered the center element. photography. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. Same.-Losses in numerical strength by death. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. Same. Censorship. sickness. S. Check concentrations. Cylinder. No. .-The middle point or element of a command. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. publications.) Chlorination.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation. No exact equivalent.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. Chief of Staff.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. detailed as such. (See General Staff.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. Same. or an incendiary action.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. wounds.) Chemical agent.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. or desertion. is capable of producing a toxic effect.-A substance useful in war which. Center. Same. Poisonous gas. and all communications.equivalent. Casualty agent (chemical). a screening smoke. Same. they are applied to private communications. Chemical land mine. If the number of elements considered is even.

such as clothing.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. Class I.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V).-The sending of messages.' Same. Clear (verb). or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. Casualty clearing station (CCS). Clear (in the). and instruments. stations. and machinery. Refers to the tail of a unit. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. and coal. Circulation map.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. . ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). class of supplies consisting of those Class II. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). Traffic map. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). of all items. sorted. Petrol (gasoline). such as fortification materials. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. excepting those of the first echelon. trucks.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. Same. pyrotechnics. and chemicals. will eventually belong to this corps. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). Circuit diagram. orders. gas masks. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III. Same. behind the first echelon. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. such as rations and forage. antitank mines. Class V. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. Diesel oil. (Formerly called "hospital station. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ).") Close order.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. radio sets. a newly formed corps. construction materials.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. fuel oil. Clearing station. treated if necessary. arms.-A fuels and lubricants. oil.-To pass a designated point or line.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. tools. Class IV.

A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. and rear security forces as may be employed. Code.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping.-A naval force which may be organ. Coastal frontier defense. placed one behind another.-A point designated for the collec. seacoast.Same.U. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense.-A peacetime tactical com. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force.Fortress command.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. flank. only). arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense. letters. Coastwise sea lane. Collecting point. words. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. Collecting station. Coastal zone. Coast artillery district. phrases. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. ineluding such forward. waters adjacent to the seacoast. S. Coastal frontier.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). . Column.-The whole area of the navigable Same.-The organization of the Coast defence force. or numbers.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route.

Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. as the Infantry. Combat intelligence. Air Corps.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). Combat unit loading. Cavalry. Combat outpost. as by two or more allie§. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. such as an infantry regiment.-Oral. It is divided into army.-Military intelligence produced in the field. and a combat engineer company. a field artillery battalion. or any two or more of them. Outpost. Combat orders. dictated. Forward area. and administrative orders. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. and division areas2 Combined operations. United States Combat echelon. Combat team. land. Field Artillery. letters of instruction. . and supported by. brigade group).-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms.-(See Unit loading.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Corps of Engineers.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. Joint operations. g. by the Army and Navy. etc. Combat orders include field orders.. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. after the outbreak of hostilities. corps. and air forces).) Combat zone. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. covering any phase of operations in the field.

The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. usually run by NAAFI). Command post. other than personal equipment.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. To order or exercise command. Command car.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold.-A disease caused by germs. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. the establishments of supply and evacuation. Communicable disease.) Same. Line of communications (L of C) area. Armoured command vehicle (ACV).-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. Commissary. usually armed and armored. No equivalent.-A motor vehicle. One of the essential elements of -military organization.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. ration shop. S. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. which can be communicated from one person to another. Grocery shop and store. Commercial loading. the other two being combat and supply elements. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. (See Post exchange (PX). containing the lines of communication.'U. and local produce store (part of an institute. Contagious disease. Commanding ground. has been issued to them. Advanced (or forward) HQ. Communications zone. Same. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command.

-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. Same. Consolidationof position. Same. To enclose. Connecting file. Same (a and b). b. Contain. or bodies of water. Compartment of terrain.-a. Same.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. c. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. Composite photograph. Same. massed fire (c). Same. Connecting group (or file.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Same. No equivalent. woods. on mobilization. cities.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. for training. Concealment.-To hold in place. attack.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation. An assembly of troops in a particular locality. Concertina wire.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges. Multiple call. Containing action.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. To restrain. Concentration.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. Company aid men. Conferene call. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. or defense. Same. .

-The act of supervising. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. with a single sentinel in observation. Convoy.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. .U. Vertical interval.-An area within the field of fire.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement. Observation post by day. other than the normal zone. Corridor. Counterattack. Same.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. To accompany for the purpose of protecting.-(See Unit loading. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. and combining to gain the best results. Same. regulating. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. No equivalent.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Same.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. Contour interval. 19 United States Containingforce. Convoy unit loading. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. Control point. Contingent zone.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. Same. To escort. adjacent contours.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. Coordination. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). Counterbattery fire. S. Controlled mosaic. Same.. Cossack post.) Cooperation. or leads toward an objective.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.

Coverage. their proper use.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time.) Crest. or from the trench board. Same. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. Cryptographic security.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. or defense.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. Same. Counterintelligence. (See also Reserve requirements.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. attack.-The summit or highest line of a ridge. Counteroffensive. Cover.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. Same.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. Same.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. To protect.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. Covering force (or detachment). Same. and their careful protection. another force or a locality. Counterpreparation. Cryptography. Reserve supplies. Counterreconnaissance. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. reconnaissance. or any object affording such protection. . or provide security for. Credit. Same. No equivalent. or by any combination of these methods.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Same. Same.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. The actual or topographical crest. to the top of the parapet.

Same. Debouch. Same. Daily wastage rate. British Daily ration strength state. and inshore of. or other close country into open country.-The means adopted for resisting attack. b. same (b).-To translate a code message into ordinary language. A decisive outcome of a battle.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. Dead space.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. Defended locality. wood. S.--(See Unit of fire. Defensive coastal area.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. one side being decisively defeated. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. and later to initiating an offen. Decision. because of intervening obstacles. The act of defending. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram. To secure Defend. Same. sive in order to gain an objective.) than a regiment). strength report is included. area. Daily supply train. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day. Day of fire. Coast defence area. Daily train.-a.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. state of being defended.-To march from a defile. Danger space. To conduct a defensive battle. Same.'U.) Day of supply.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. Defence. Defense.-To maintain against force. Defensive-offensive. Decode. Intention (a). or. Dead ground. . against attack. Defense. Danger area.

be traversed only on a narrow front. to the front. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. Defile. Demonstration.-A portion of the coastal zone. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy.Same.Intermediate position. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. within which. usually including the approach to an important port. Deferred message.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same.-An attack delivered or a show of Same. No equivalent. Defilade.-A form of defensive action em. harbor. tion and fire provided by a mask. or which restricts lateral movements. bay. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. Defensive sea area. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. generally parallel Defended locality.-A belt of terrain. Defensive zone. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. obstructions.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense. or sound. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft.-A position taken up for the pur. A battle position. .-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. Delaying position. such as a mountain pass or a bridge.-A message whose delivery to the Same.-Protection from hostile ground observa. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions.Same. Delaying action. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. Defensive position.

Direct support. whether actually in march or halted. Same.-An organized locality for the reception. Directionof march. Depth. Detached post. classification. Pursuit.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. Detachment.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train.-An order delivered orally. and forwarding of replacements. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. including the front and rear elements. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Discharge. British Same. Same. classification.-An extension of the front of a cornmand.U. Deployment. "In support." Same. Discipline.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. Detonator.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. Development. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. Same. Same. Dictated order. S. or salvage of supplies. Direct pursuit. Depot.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. storage. Same. is facing at the instant considered. Direct laying.-To release from service. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. Same. Same.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. or for the reception. and including the envelopment thereof. .-The direction in which the base of the command. 23 United States Deployment. issue. No equivalent. in preparation for action. Same.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position.

Same. . (AP). accomplished im various ways. as battle. 1st Infantry.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. Displacement.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Disposition. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. Same. Distributing point. march.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. without hospitalization. Dud. as between two piers. Distance." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. or maneuver. dump (railhead) (unit). 1st Division. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. Same.-A place. such as "Class I Distributing Point.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. United States Dispensary. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution. for the reception of ships. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. Dispersion of projectiles. (AP). Same. or SP). to subordinate units or to individuals. other than a depot or railhead." Distribution. the latter become distributing points. Same.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. Dump. Same." Dump distribution.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Distribution. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. Movement to new position.) Dock. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. or smaller unit.-A slip or waterway. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. division. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. A delivery of supplies.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished.

To prepare a message in code. Same. British No equivalent (refers only to transport).-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. No equivalent. as service elements. and medical units. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned.-To translate ordinary language into code. mat6riel.-One of the subdivisions of a command. ordnance.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. Emplacement. Element. S. Same. engineer.) Encircling force. Encode. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. Enfilade.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. Same. etc. meaning quartermaster. In battle formations. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth. for a particular weapon. (See Firing position. Entrucking group. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. support echelon.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. Embussing (debussing) point.-Troops. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). and reserve echelon. Effective range. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. Emergency barrage.-The range at which. Superimposed fire. generally different in character. Same. effective results may be expected. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. The various subdivisions of a headquarters.U. Same. Entrucking (detrucking) point.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. Enveloping force.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point. such as the attacking echelon.

-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters.) Evacuation.-That information of the enemy. its accuracy. prisoners of war. sick. Estimate of the situation. . which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. Assessment of value of intelligence report. Espionage. or goods on a journey. and wounded). conduct a maneuver. avoid surprise. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. animals. and its application to the situation.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. and information requested by other units. Evaluation of information. or formulate the details of a plan. of the terrain not under friendly control. Escort.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. Appreciation of the situation. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. Same. Same.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. United States Envelopment. Same. including the expression of his decision. persons.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. Essential elements of information. also.-A body of armed men to guard a person. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. that is. Escortforce. Same. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality. its credibility. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. Same. (See also Situation.

Fixed line.U. in order to stop assaults. A stratagem. S.-The maximum range of any weapon. (See also Attack. (See also Combat orders.-For machine-gun fire. Same.) Extended order. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). and not the second-incommand. often fixed as to direction and elevation.) Field train. First-line ment. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. generally.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. Same.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense.) Filler replacement. the second-in-command. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. Exploitation. "B" echelon transport. greater than in close order. Feint. Same. a predetermined line along which. To make a feint. reinforce- . Field fortification.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations.-Formerly. Same. fuel. Field order.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. Operation order (00). and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. A pretense. or both. is placed grazing fire. Extreme range. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. Same. Final protective line.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. continuing. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. (See Train. forage.

-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. Fire trench. observed.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. traversing. Fire. searching. Same.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets. Fire.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. Same.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Same. Fire with a long or continuous danger space.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. Fire. Fire. assault. oblique. Fire on targets of opportunity. grazing. high-angle. Same.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Fire. Same.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. Same. Same. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line. . Sweeping (or traversing) fire. plunging.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire. indirect.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Same. frontal.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. leading. overhead. Same. Fire superiority. Same. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. or other linear target. Aiming off.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Fire.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Fire. Fire. low-angle.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. Fire. Same. Same. Fire. United States Fire.

-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. direct. Fire. Same. Same. cone of.U. Same. collective. Fire. .-The combined fire of a group of individuals.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. Destructive fire.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. converging. Fire discipline. at appropriate times. Firing position. Fire control. Same. Same Same. S.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fixed armament. Fire.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. Same. Fire. Fire. combined traversing and searching. conduct of. Fire. Same. destruction. Fire direction. alternate. Same. Fixed obstacles. Fire control. Searching and sweeping fire.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. First aid. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. classified as primary. or supplementary. British Same. Same.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. Same.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Fire.

or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. field of. . Follow up. battery.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. distributed. Same. Flight.--To regulate movement on the element in front.) Fire for effect. (See also Check concentrations and Registration. by observation.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force.-Firedirected at a single point.-The side of a command. Same. Fire on fixed line. from the leading to the rearmost element. Fire. Registration shoot.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. British Same. inclusive. Foragers.-The act of exerting close. Firefor adjustment. Same. p. when facing the enemy. or other unit. Flank. Follow. Right flank is the right side. Same. Fire. or trial Same. Fire. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Anlly fire against a hostile target. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. Same. Forage. (See fig. fixed (concentrated) (point).30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire.) No equivalent.-Foodfor animals. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. other than for registration. 1.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. To collect supplies for men and animals. Same. Same. Same.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. flanking. Same. inaccuracies in the firing data. 5.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. Flank guard (or patrol).-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. Flanking attack. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. without traversing or searching.

-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. Frontage. Same. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. . Formation.-The direction of the enemy.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.-(See General Staff. The space occupied by an element. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. Same. in echelon. or in any other designated disposition. S. in width.U. G-l. in any given situation.) Fragmentation. in column.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march.) Gait. 31 United States Forced march. A permanent post. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. Gait of march.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. (See Shelter trenches. No equivalent. G-3. or grenade. G-4. Same. Same. Same. trot.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). Operation instructions.-The space. Front line. or gallop. A strong and fortified place. Fragmentary orders. Anti-personnel bomb.-The line formed by the most advanced units.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. G-2.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. Foxhole. The line of contact of two opposing forces. the walk. (See also Letters of instruction. Same. individual shelter or rifle pit. Same. bomb.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. Front. British Fort. that is.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. Fragmentation bomb.-Small. exclusive of local security.

and fig. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. S-2. Personnel. VI. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant .) the division. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. p. GHQ aviation. Each sec(or the "A") branch. War Department. 94-95. GravesRegistrationService. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6.-All combat. . S-1. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. 97. tions and Training. In units smaller than p. transport' aviation.Same. pars.-Irregularwar car. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. 96. a fifth section. pp.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. S-4. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. and with the (See sec. note Division of the War Department. 4. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). G-4. and No equivalent. ried on by independent bands. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. Groupment (Field Artillery). within the continental United States. General support. reconnaissance. General Staff. Operathe "Q") branch). Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps).Group.-A temporary grouping Grouping. War Plans lb and 2. and is not to 8. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area.-A tactical com. Supply. be confused with G-3). G-2. Intelligence. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. S-3. G-3. not assigned to armies or smaller units.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation.-An organization charged Same.

-To retain physical possession. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval.U. Heavier-than-air. S. and commanded by an officer specially appointed).Same. masking and thus slow up enemy operations.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. Hold (verb). Harass. frequent small attacks.-A chemical agent used to force Same. Specifically.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. Head of column. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide. Hatch. Holding and reconsignment point.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. military and air forces. the image of the horizon. Same. etc. High oblique. closely. by hand. against attacks from the sea.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. Harbor defense. . armoured formations or units). (See also Interdiction fire. Same.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. Harassing fire. of march. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park.--A term generally applied to air.) Harbor. annoy the enemy.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. Hand sled.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. more Same. raids. and to lower his efficiency and morale. it applies to a small sled on runners. Harassing agent.

Infiltrate. it is about 8 feet. Actually. Same.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit. Inner harbor area. Same. Minute.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target. Starting point (SP).-To tie down.) Identification panels. . organizations. British No equivalent. In position. Forconvenience in estimating space. Ground strips. or equipment are identified. Identifications. Indorsement.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. Immobilize. Horse length. Individual equipment.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Initial requirements. Initial point (IP).. Same.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.--Atermof measurement.-(See Clearing station.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Same. Incendiary agent." Same. Same.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . a horse length is considered 3 yards. Indirect laying. Same. Hospital station. To deprive of mobility. Personal clothing and equipment.

-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. Intermediate-scale maps. Integrity of tactical units. the attainment of the final objective.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. Interdict. Interdictionfire. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. No equivalent.-The objective whose attainment precedes. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. Interpretation of information. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. S.000. Same. Toxic smoke.U. concentration. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). Sanme.000 to 1:500.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Smnall-scale maps. Intermediate section. and is usually essential to.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. Same. No equivalent. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. Interval. Intercept station.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. Same.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. No equivalent. including the movement. lacrimation. (See also Harassingfire. and supply of troops.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. Inshore patrol.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. British Same. coughing.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. intended for planning stragetic operations.) Intermediate objective.) Irritant smoke.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing. (See also Time interval. or both.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. .

) Liaison.--(See Combined operations. To send out officially or publicly. The supplies so delivered.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. eye pains. used to insure coordination between adjacent units. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement.-A tactical locality. Same. Same. Same or vital point. Lighter-than-air. British War diary.-A delivery of supplies. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations. Joint operations. Same.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Large-scale maps. Line of departure.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. Letter(s) of instruction. 2. as from a defile or fortress.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Same. p.) (See . Key point. Landingfield.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. Lacrimator. 10.) Journal. as orders or communiques. Same.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Operation instruction (s). Limiting point. Lachrymator.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. Junction point. affording observation and communication. To emerge or sally forth. Leapfrog. Specifically. Same. Same. Start(ing) line. though temporary. Line.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. fig.

-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. Reinforcement.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. (See also Communications zone. and quartering of troops.-In each tactical grouping.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport. Main effort. Same. A command less all detachments. Ton. .-The network of railways. Local counterpreparation. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power.-The weight of 2. No equivalent. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation.240 pounds avoirdupois.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. Same. supply. Lines of communication. Transport. Main attack. British Same.-The principal part of a command. Line route map. Courses of action or courses open. S. Same. Defensive fire.U. waterways. Supply lines. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. and evacuation.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. Low oblique. supply. Same.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. Same.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. Same. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Main body. Lung irritant.) Litter relay point.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. Long ton. Logistics. Loss replacement. Lines of action.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs.

The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises.--Driver's maintenance.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. 2 Second-line repairs (i. or imaginary. Same. Maintenance.).-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. . British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). Maneuver.-Movement so designed as to place troops. 3. second echelon. represented.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. Maintenance. mat6riel. 2See p. ordnance. daily maintenance by driver). Manifest (ship's). e.. fourth echelon. first echelon. Main supply road.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. note 1. e.. maintenance carried out. maintenance carried out by army workshops). (Formerly called "axial road..-That maintenance.") Maintenance. third echelon. etc.. Maintenance.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. e. R E. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.) Main artery of supply.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. though one side may be outlined. 2 Third-line repairs (i. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. (See fig. 2 Manoeuvre. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. e. 14. other than first echelon maintenance. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). First-line repairs (i. Maintenance requirements. performed by the using arms and services.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. maintenance carried out by base workshops). 2 Base repairs (i.

.-U. (2) Brigade reserve position. (4) Company sector. Figure 3. S. (3) Platoon sector. (5) Battalion sector. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology).U. S. (6) Brigade reserve area.

and wire communication. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask. Mask (obstruction). intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale).40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map.) March discipline. of the parts represented. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control.) March table. Same.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. usually an intervening hill. (See also Security detachment. etc.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander. Martial law. British Same or track discipline. or while regular outposts are being established.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. Means of signal communication.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. Maps. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. movement Same. March on. March unit. Same.-March toward. woods.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. or some part of it.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. Same or table. visual. Same.-A graphical presentation of a march. Covering detachment. March graph. No equivalent.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. according to some given scale or projection. Group. sound. Movement graph. radio. . such as messenger.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. pigeon. March outpost.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. showing the relative size and position.

and its further use.U. Same. photographs.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. and those arriving by special messengers.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. Receipt. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. Encounter or contact battle. Message.000.. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization.) B. local messages. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). Same or signal or despatch. reports.) Military crest.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. p. Message. . 190. Signal office. in plain language or code. Mechanized unit. transmitted by a means of signal communication.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. is undesirable. Same. Crest. maps.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. S.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. 2. Meeting engagement. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. tactical. therefore. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. transmission. par. Medium-scale maps. Memorandum receipt. Message center. etc. documents. Same. orders.000 to 1:125. intended for strategical.-A term which includes all instructions.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed.) Mechanized cavalry. (See app. those handled by the military or civil postal service.

Mobile reserves. Military Police. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps"). Same. .-Information. Minimum crest clearance.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops. Same.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. United States Military government. Mopping up. Mine layer. Minimum range. information concerning a possible or actual enemy. Daily strength state.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Military information. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. or theater of operations. and truck-drawn artillery. Morale.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. Mine planter. Same or task. Same. Mission. Morning report. gathered from any source.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. This class consists of railway. Mobile armament. tractor-drawn.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. Military intelligence.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation. Same. Same.

-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs.U. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses." Motorization.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. Same (but with no definite time limit). in general. Same. Same. swamps.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. Multiple-lens camera. rendered one another by adjacent elements." or "strip.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. forests. Natural obstacles. 519636°--43----4 Same. Same.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. and. hampering or interrupting movement or action. mountains.-The support involving fire or movement or both.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. Same. Neutralization fire. etc. classified as "controlled. Barrage. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Objective. Neutralising fire. Motorized unit. Nonpersistent agent. Normal zone. Neuttalise.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. . streams. S. Same.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. Same. Neutralize. such as deserts. Same or motor unit. Zone of fire. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. Mutual support." "uncontrolled.-Not poisonous. Nontoxic.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. Normal barrage.

. (or sketch) Verbal order.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.-An order delivered by word of mouth.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. Obstacle. for the observation of an area or sector. Requirements. Same.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. approaches. and liaison duty for ground units. Offshore patrol. Order of march.-The disposition of troops for a march. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. for the study of objectives. Orderly officer. Same. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. Observation post. Operation map. British No equivalent.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. defenses. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. charts. to show location. photographs. either natural or artificial. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. observation of artillery fire. etc. and writing or printing.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. Organizationalrequirements. Same. maps. using conventional signs.-Any device or feature. Operation map. No equivalent. military symbols. and command. or their order in the march column. abbreviations. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. overlays. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. tactical or protective. and other important data concerning the objective. or drawings. Oral order. courier.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. Same. Officer of the day. fixed or portable. Observation aviation.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder.

Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition.) Organizationfor combat. Outpost line of resistance.U. Overseas operations.) Outpost area. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). on which various locations. to make another conversant with. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. are shown. Outpost. Trace.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. Same. the length of the full step in quick time. Same. Expeditionary force.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. No equivalent. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground. Same. S. enemy positions.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost.. Rate of movement. etc. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. British No equivalent.-A step of 30 inches. targets.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. Forward standing patrol.-(See Unit loading. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. Line of outposts.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. To identify directions on the terrain. Orient. Outflank. for laying over a map. field works. To inform or explain. Same. 45 Same. .-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Overlay.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. as of artillery.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations. Outguard.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. (See Combat outpost. Pace.

British No equivalent. Penetration.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. . and in the occupation and organization of the position. and on. Parachute troops. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. in initiating the movement forward to position. sometimes armored. The act of patrolling. Same.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. the battlefield. Same. Party.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. maintaining. or both.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. Persistentagent. Personnel carrier. Passage of lines. Same. Leapfrogging. Same. common in northern countries.-A motor vehicle. Same. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. Same. Park. Phase line. in issuing his initial orders.-A form of individual pack.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. and parking vehicles.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Patrol. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. Photogrammetry. Same.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security.-An area used for the purpose of servicing. Same. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. Report line.

-A scheme or design. Same. Pin point. S.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. on its face. Same.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. 47 Same.-Obstacles capable of being moved. No equivalent.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. Portable obstacles. Canteen or Navy. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. Port of Embarkation. Position of readiness.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. . Picket. Plan. p. at least.-The text of a message which.U. Army. including.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed.) Movable obstacles. Post exchange (PX). (See fig. Photomap. standing Same. a scale and a directional arrow.-(See Assembly area. Point. specifically for any military operation.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered. Same. assembly. 1. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. 5. British Same. (Point section of the) van guard.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. Piquet or patrol.) Position in readiness. as the basis for his orders to his command.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. Photographic reconnaissance. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Position.

It may contain form lines or contours. Priorities. Preparation.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. Primary firing position. Protective obstacles. Same. Pursuit. Same. Same. in order of time. Pursuit aviation. . Fighter aircraft. Quarantine.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber.artillery. or instruction) is not interrupted.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). or the performance of several tasks. classified as interceptor and fighter.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. working.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action. Precede.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps).-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. the precedence of shipment. Prisonersof war.-(See Artillery preparation.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately). British Predicted fire. Same. under quarantine. road. Important message. Same. drill. No equivalent. Provisional map.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. or other transport. Priority message. water.-To regulate movement on the element in rear.-Definite rulings which establish. the movements of rail. Defensive obstacles No equivalent.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission.

-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code. Rear guard. 1st and 2d Divisions.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. 1st Division. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party. designated by a unit commander.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march.--Radio communication by means of the voice. 5. No equivalent.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. Range. Ration. to maintain contact with the enemy.) Same.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. p. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. Same. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head).-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). Same. A billeting party. Rallying point.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. Same. R a dio-telephony (R/T). Same. Rear party.U.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Raid. 1." "Ammunition Railhead. effective (extreme) (minimum). Same or rear patrol (See fig. or to observe terrain. . directed against an enemy. Reconnaissance patrol. Same. S.-The operation of searching for information in the field. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). No equivalent. such as "Class I Railhead. usually by small forces. Same or speed.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. Rear. Same. An offensive movement. Reconnaissance." Railhead distribution. Harbouring party.) Rate of march. Ration cycle.-A point. The direction away from the enemy.

Replacement. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. and reserve. 39.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. filler (loss). (See Supply point. 3. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. strength of another body of troops. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes.-The computed needs for a military Same.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. ment. They are classified as individual.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. Regulating point. a selected course.) Regimental reserve area. p. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations.Reinforcement. maintenance.Same.-An easily recognizable point Same.-A line designated to co.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). mental reserves in the battle position. a supply point or estab. Replacement.Sector control.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.-The officer in charge of a regu.Brigade reserve area. 39. (See fig. p.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE.Same. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. maintenance. initial. . Regimental reserve line. I Mosaics (verticalonly). Repatriate. 3. Refilling point.) Regulating officer. and operation for a given period. Regulating station.-An area in which the regi.) Registration. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment.-An individual available for assign. especially for combat purposes. returned to his own country or citizenship.-Troops used to augment -the Same.-An individual who is restored or Same. to determine data for use in preparation of fire.-A traffic control agency estab. Reinforcements. organizational.-Formerly.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement.) Requirements.-A series of overlapping ver. lating station.

or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. animal. S. Same. Same. Reserves. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. to attract the enemy in a desired direction.U. Withdrawal.-Supplies accumulated by the army.) Requisition. Reserve (tactical). (See also Credit.-a.-(See Beach reserves. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy." Battle reserves are supplies. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory.-Those carried on the soldier. A request for supplies. usually on a form furnished for the purpose.) Responsible officer.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. also designated as "reserve supplies. . either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. Individual reserves. detached corps. Unit reserves.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. b.) Reserves (supply). Reserve requirements. Battle reserves. same (b). while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. British Indent (a). Reserve supplies. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. Same. Retirement. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve).-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. beach.

upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. Same.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Same. Same.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Road crater.-A movement to the rear.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal. Same. the presence of rail facilities. Roving gun (Field Artillery). The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. Reverse slope.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road. S-s. Rolling barrage.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. United States Retreat. S-4. navigable waters. Same. Moving barrage. S-1. Same. Road space.--(See General Staff.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Same.-The collection of abandoned.) Salient. Property so collected.-A foot messenger.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. Retrograde movement. Withdrawal. The act of retreating. Right (left) bank of stream.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. .-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Same.-A message requiring no special precedence. Salvage. Routine message. captured. Same. To recover or save. S-3. Routes of communication. and airplane landing facilities. Road block.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Same. Same.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. Same. Runner.

Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). 2. (See Same (but without a cover). p.) Same.-The use or application of sanitary measures.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. and in reporting the results of observation.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation.) Scheme of maneuver.) Secret text (or secret language). Secondary attack. S. Scout. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. Schedule fires.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. A man who gathers information in the field.) Sector.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber. 10. 53 British Plan of attack. in using ground and cover. Screening smoke. The body of troops used to screen a command.U.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. in observing.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. designated by boundaries. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. Secure. . Arc of fire. on its face.-(See Holding attack.-The text of a message which.-A man specially trained in shooting.) Sector of fire. (See Defense area. Coast defence artillery.) Same. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). To act as a scout.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). Scout car. Same.--(See Prearranged fires. fig. Same.-(See Seize. Same. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. Screen.-A section of terrain. It includes both fixed and mobile armament. Message in cipher or code. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible.

by 3-inch shells. Supply units .-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. Covering detachment. British Same (also a classification of protected papers.-Any form of concealment from view. Same. over or short of the target.-One or more march units. Sentry squad. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. No equivalent.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. Shelter.-Formerly. A screen. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. . (See Train. annoyance.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. The protection resulting from such measures.) Service units (or elements). Security detachment.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. Judging. and in some cases against a continued bombardment."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). placed under one commander for march purposes. Sentry post. Service train. preferably with the same march characteristics. To Protection. Seize (or secure). Same or cover.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. Shelter.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. equivalent to U. To afford or provide shelter. evacuation. Serial. maintenance.) the enemy. That which covers or defends.-To gain physical possession of. communication. or surprise attack by the enemy. No equivalent. with or without force. light. screen or cover from notice. and police of the larger unit as a whole. An outguard of one squad. Shelter. construction.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. Same. transportation. heavy shellproof. Sensing. "Restricted"). Supply units. S.

and the mission to be accomplished.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. followed by an intention.-The weight of 2. strength. and the possible courses of action. S. etc. by detection of secret inks.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. and messages.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. Same.. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells.) British No equivalent.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. ciphers.) Signal intelligence. .-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means. light shellproof. or by the solution of codes. Signal communication. Same (a consideration of these conditions. (A consideration of these conditions. Single-lens camera. followed by a decision. and on which its plans must be based.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. the weather. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. Signal security. splinter-proof. which affect a command at any given time. armament.-All the conditions and circumstances. They include such items as the positions. Same. constitutes the estimate of the situation.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. Same (for formations below the division. and grenades. Signal operation instructions. except mail or direct personal agency. Signal communication security. Shelter trenches. against splinters of high-explosive shell. but contained ii) the formation operation order). and the possible lines of action.U. taken as a whole. Situation.-(See Signal security. terrain. constitutes the appreciation of the situation).. considerations of time and space. (See Foxhole. Same. Same.) (Short) ton. Slit trenches. Short ton. Same. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. etc. Shelter.000 pounds avoirdupois.

in whose name all orders are given.) Staging area.-Troops. dismounted. It includes the heads of the administrative. Staff authority. but in lower units they partly merge into each other.-Soldiers. equivalent. and supply services. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. . All responsibility rests with the commander. Same. usually Infantry.000. Same. as such. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. Sniper.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. (A staff officer. Smoke screen. usually an expert shot. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. No equivalent. and certain technical specialists.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. administrative. Same.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. Rest camp. Same.000 to 1:7. Skirmishers. Squadron (Air Corps).-A staff group. Sledges. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. technical.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Small-scale maps. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. technical. Same.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-A soldier.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1.-Same as sleds. Special staff. Same. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. Speed.000.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. No. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. consisting of two or more flights. (or battle) No equivalent. and supply functions. British Situation map.-The authority exercised by a staff officer.000. has no authority to command. Ski troops. Same.

or streams. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. (See Defense area.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. No equivalent. Strip mosaic. Same. Stereoscope. Stereo-pair. without authority from his organization.--Usually.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. Same. Stragglerline. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Same. Same.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions.-A soldier. Same. Stragglers' posts. Straggler. Same. Fire on a line. .-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. Strong point. or an exposed sector of the front.U. who has become separated. the defensive area of an infantry company.-A line. one of the subdivisions of a sector.-Formerly. Same. No equivalent.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. Same. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. Stereoscopy. Supplementary firing position.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. railroads. S.) Subsector. British Standing orders. Standard operating procedure. Stereo-triplet.

58

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

British
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.

Same.

Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.

Same.

G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5

59

British War Establishments.

Same.

Same.

Same. Same.

Same. Special force.

Teleprinter.

Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.

60

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

British
Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.

Same.

Same. Unit transport, echelon.

"B"

No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.

Same.

Same.

Same.

U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS

61

United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

British
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

Same. etc.) Vesicant. and may be written.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. Same. 1Warning order.) Urgent message. grenades. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man. dictated. lamps. Urgent call.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. I~Tar Department intelligence. especially for a movement. Unit of fire. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. Same. .-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. Priority call.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile. Same. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph. which is to follow. bombs.-(See Contour interval. Vertical interval. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage. serviceable unit assembly. they include signals transmitted by flags. Same.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. heliograph.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. it may be a message or a field order.War Office intelligence. . and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. causing inflam'mation. pyrotechnics. and destruction of tissue."-Colloquial.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress.-Signals conveyed through the eye. panels. burns. "WT'alkie talkie. British Replacement semblies. Unit replacement. or oral. Visual signals.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war.

. or more conductors. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. etc. Same.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . Withdrawal from action. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible. Line route.-One of a series of lines of foragers. erected in place on pickets.U. Zone of action. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire.-The originator of a message. 63 Same. No equivalent.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. company. Front (i. British Same. e. skirmishers. . Cable route. Same.-One or more wire circuits. Wire line. battalion. S. Same. Writer.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. Wide-angle photograph. mechanized vehicles. Defence in depth.). Zone defense or defense in depths. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth. Zone of the interior.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force.-An obstacle of barbed wire. Wire entanglement. Zone of fire. Same.

EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. S.Section Ill. door handle.. if these are lacking. together with U.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. window-winders. S. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. equivalents or. g. with definitions. etc.

British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. machine guns. S. general Attack. an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) .

Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up. to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown .66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. case. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.

duty status Operations carried out by land. sea. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S.

68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i.e. (See Moving barrage.Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage. masked or defiladed) .strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration. ..

EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. Petrol point.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. 6. Distributing point Supply point. (See Ammunition point. S. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .

70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift . destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb . EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party .BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S.

(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain. with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .

BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander . EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. S.

gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline.74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load..

first-line Maintenance.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 .) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . base Maintenance. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. first echelon Repairs. second echelon Repairs. third echelon Repairs. second-line Maintenance. in which case it is the Area Engineer. fourth echelon Repairs.

76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. double-ended Spanner. destructive Shoot.

to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod . to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.BRITISH. British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up.TERMS WITH U.

Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car . tanks. "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer.

EQUIVALENTS. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S.

ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 .Section IV. to Gong. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Blitz. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot.

to Peel off. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. ropey type. etc.) . to Perimeter track Play pussy. (U. S. etc. to Prang. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. to Pleep Plug away.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Pack up. ropey evening. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled.

a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. "ropey" view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. dim view. to Tee up.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. outside view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. flying slowly over an area. to Touch bottom. that is. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. long-distance view. etc. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. lean view. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. to . to take down a peg To prepare a job. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. poor view.

British "our" instead of American "or": armour. 83 . harbour. good-bye. mediaeval." and "y" for "i": enclose. programme. epaulette.Section V. briar. draught." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. (automobile) tyre. neutralise. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. colour. endorse. c. organisation. honour. labour. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. syphon. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". litre. travelling. prologue. enquire. f. plough. behaviour. levelling. syren. tsar. pyjama. gaol (pronounced "jail"). DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. storey (house). axe. gramme. the "re" (final) instead of "er". neutralising. b. theatre. cyder. alarum. catalogue. d. e. centre. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. serjeant. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. grey. fibre. anaemia. metre. Occasional "e" for "i. for example: a. encyclopaedia. signaller. cheque. barque (boat). organising. neutralisation. and the "our" (final) instead of "or.

84

BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y

2. PRONUNCIATION
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British

Address

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Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion

DIFFERENCES

85

b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for

86,

BRITISH MILITARY

TERMINOLOGY

American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.

DIFFERENCES

87

b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. peanut Peanut spread Tart.Y British Monkey-nut. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie. .88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. suite Geyser e. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet.

mud-wing. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. automobile Coal oil. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. mud-guard Petrol. patrolman. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. Motoring Battery Bumper Car. buffer Motorcar. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . constable.

coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. flicks. Knave Cinema. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner." Information "Line's busy!" . letters Post a letter Post box. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. flick Pictures. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. bagman Green grocer h. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. here's your party. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. . Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. films Picture palace.

the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. tram trolley) car The Underground. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. footpath Sidewalk Street railway. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. tramcar. street (or electric or Tramway.

in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. 1942. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. as 21 June. 1942. then the month. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. When numerals alone are used to denote months. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. 1942. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car.) n. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7.92 m. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. . 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. luggage van Cloak room.

Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C.HEADQUARTERS. g.) Army 1 (2. p. S. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. etc. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. and groups of armies are formations. etc. GHQ First (Second. 200. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals.) Infantry Brigade. but cavalry (horse and mechanized).) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. etc. etc.) Corps. 1st (2nd. First (Second.) Division. 1st (2nd.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. etc. 2 In addressing a headquarters. including addressing messages or correspondence. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. p. 10. etc. etc. APPOINTMENTS. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units.) Cavalry Brigade.) Army. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. par. FORMATIONS.Section VI. etc. 2c (3). 93 . and reconnaissance regiments are also units. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. 1st (2nd. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. ABBREVIATIONS 1. 1st Armoured Division. In general. a. g.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. armies. etc. Brigades. divisions corps. Army. 199).) Cav Bde 1 (2. 1 STAFF.. and fig. 1st (2nd. etc. artillery..

etc. 1st (2nd. etc. ment." "I. etc).) Corps Signals.1 (2. etc.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. etc. CCMA. RASC 1 (2. 2.) . 1st (2nd. etc. Staff Duties and Training Section. 1 (2.) Army Sigs 1 (2. etc.) Corps Medium Artillery. 1st (2nd. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. Signal Officer in Chief.) Army Signals. .) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. and CRA (see par. intelligence. . etc. Regi. RA 1 (2. etc." and "RAQ. RA 1 (2.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. etc. etc.94 1st (2nd. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. Brigade Majors.) Corps Artillery.) Corps MA etc.) Regt RE 1 (2.. etc.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps. etc. p. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO.) Fd (Med. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals." and "Q" only. CCRA.) Field (Medium. etc. Chief Signal Officers.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. below. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. and their Staffs. etc.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade.) Divisional Signals. 1st (2nd." Units (regiments. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc.) Div RA etc. etc. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section.) Corps RA etc.) use the distinguishing letters "O. etc... etc. battalions. )Divisional Artillery. Air GHQ b." "RAI. (See notes 5 and 6.) Divisional Engineers.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. MA 1 (2. First (Second. etc. and coordination in general. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers.. training. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second.

7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). Pay (A). Printing and Stationery (A). weapons. . promotes him. ammunition. Medical and Surgical. Chaplains (A). Staff Captain. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). Movement Control.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. supervises his medical arrangements.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). (See note F. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. looks after his discipline and welfare. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Hygiene. vehicles. 2nd Echelon. Pathology. Canrteen (Q). Military Secretary. Hirings (A). whether it be clothing. Dental. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. pays him. food. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. or oil. equipment. Camp Commandant. Judge Advocate-General (A). and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. petrol (gasoline). and eventually discharges or buries him. Nursing. below. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). It enlists the soldier. Staff Captain. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). Personal Assistant. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration.

third-grade.. .. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2... Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade . Supply (Q). Major-General. Transportation (Q). Docks. Second-grade staff officers are majors. Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander.. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant... First-grade staff officers. and not to the branch of the staff. Chief Engineer_ Commander. Light Railways. Survey (G). are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. Transport (Q). Royal Artillery -------------Commander.Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. Inland Water Transport. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. Veterinarv (Q). Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). For the chief staff officers at various headquarters.. General Staff Officer.------General Staff Officer.. Works (Q). Remounts (Q). exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches... see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown.. captains." "02..... who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -.. in general..96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------.." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. Railways.. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander.. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and..

General Staff ------------BGS . Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.--------------Brigadier.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- .

The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments." It should be realized.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. Regular and Territorial. however. b. National Guard. therefore. which was very similar to the U. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. S. all of which have been mechanized. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. as in the U. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. S. In the list that follows. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. forces. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. the largest being the Territorial Army.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. that.

The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. But when on parade with its guns. formerly known as The Life Guards. At the present time. below). one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. by the Royal Armoured Corps. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). In this case. Ist and 2nd. 2/4 Hamps. 10Now one regiment. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. of which this is the 2nd. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. now mechanized. two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. are a part of the RHA.ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). c. . Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. that is. and not to any other regiment.

-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f.100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e.) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments. (See also note 11. A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 . Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). above. Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. . Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards).

No. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. beginning with The Royal Scots. The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). has no number.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. the last to be formed. Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). Each regiment received a number as it was formed. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . No. which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. The Rifle Brigade. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view.

The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37).102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex . The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33).

the Duke of Albany's) (72).. when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). When serving under the Army Act vi. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) .. e. . The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. e. when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71).

-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ... Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ....... Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)... Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___....104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number). Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -...... Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h. Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service...._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i.. General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------..

RA -----------A/E Battery.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. Armoured Divisional Signals. etc.) Field Artillery Signal Section.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. etc.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 (No. No. etc. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. 2. 1 (No. etc. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. 2. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4.) Squadron. 1 (No. etc. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. No. RA 17th Medium Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. etc. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. 2.

--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company. etc..) CCS 1 (2.... etc.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec .) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2... Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --. etc.-... MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e... etc.. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f... etc...106 BRITISH. etc..) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.. etc... ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col . Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl .) Fd Amb 1 (2.) Gen Hosp 1 (2. Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.

Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area).-.. however... "Bus" (as distinct from MET). The most usual requirements are...) Pro Coy 1 (2. Bivouac. etc.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h.) Pro Sqn 5. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron .... etc. etc. 1 (2. etc..8 .-. Armoured cars.. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.... Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---. Mounted men. Cancel last message... RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required.. 5196336--43 -. All artillery.ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g..) Mob Vet See 1 (2.. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns.Inf Bde Ord Coy .. All arms (used in conjunction with COL). Bridge. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation. not in action..) VES i.

Passenger coaches. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations.) Trench. (e. etc. RFC. freight cars). Warships. Facing. Track. Wireless station. Civilian or refugee traffic. 6. Machine guns. etc. Railhead. Tank. Engine. but not firing. Mechanical transport. Multi-engined aircraft. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. e. C. Horse-drawn transport. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. CNO Reference point A. Guns in action. Tracked vehicles. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Railway train (complete with engine). Goods trucks (i. Column. B. g. Single-engine aircraft. Open. No movement seen. Guns now firing. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Horses. Digging. Pontoon bridge.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA.. Ranging point. Steam not up. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Tent. River. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). It represents abbre- . Target moving.. Defended post. Siding. RFB. Men.

Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Accountant Branch Officer. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Auxiliary Air Force. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Automatic bomb sight. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Account. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Army Air Support' command vehicle. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Assistant Beachmaster. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Auxiliary Air Force General List. aircraft defence. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus.) or Army. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Advanced Air Striking Force. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). or A/C or AC .ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments.

) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Back Areas. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Aircraft Carrier Squadron. Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Acknowledge. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Activity at (reconnaissance code). Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). of Battle Squadron). Air Chief Marshal. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Administrative Commandant. Aircraft carrier. Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. South. Army Co-operation Command. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. . Assistant-Controller of Labour. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces.110 AC (No. Anti-coastal motorboat. Accommodation. Army Co-operation Squadron.

Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). . Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment).

Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director General (in combination). A special organisation for the occasion. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Ground Defence.112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Addressed. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft.. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Adjutant (see also A). Air Defence of Great Britain. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). . Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material).

Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Remounts. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Advanced Dressing Station. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). . Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Admiralty (see also Adm).ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Survey. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines.

Assistant Gun Position Officer. Advanced base. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Advanced guard. etc. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Admiralty Fleet Order. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Army Field Workshop. Army filtration barges. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Armoured fighting vehicle. Adjutant-General's Branch. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Economy Cost Branch. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Air Force Headquarters. engineer and signal scales. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Air Force Medal. Aircraft equipment production. Air Fighter Development Unit. Advance or advanced. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Artillery Equipment School. Airframe. . Assistant Embarkation Officer. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Aircraft equipment (engines). Air Force Liaison Officer.). Assistant-Director of Operational Training.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Armament. Aeroplane.

Aeronautical Inspection Department. . Altitude. Australian Imperial Force. Amatol (see also AM). Aircraft Inspection Department. Air Liaison Section. Air Member for Development and Production. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Assistant King's Harbour Master. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. All arms (reconnaissance code). Ambulance (see also A). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Air Ministry Intelligence. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Air Judge Advocate-General. Airborne troops. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Searchlights. American Liaison and Munitions. Royal Marines. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Army Intelliegence Department.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Air Liaison Officer. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Advanced landing ground. Armaments Division. Air operation. Assault landing craft. Air Marshal (see also AM). Apparatus locating flash and sound. Air Base. Aircraft interception. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Advanced Horse Transport Depot.

Air Officer Commanding. Air Mileage Unit. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Amphibian (see also A). Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Ammunition. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Ammonal with charcoal. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Australian Military Force. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition).Experimental Station. Army Ordnance Workshop. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Air Member for Training. Army and Navy Stores. Air Ministry . American Nautical Almanac. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Air Observer School. Annexure. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Member for Personnel. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Advanced Operational Base. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Alteration order form. . Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Assistant Military Secretary. Operational Research Section. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Army Ordnance Field Park. Air Navigation School. Adviser. Air Ministry Order. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Army Order or Accountant Officer.

Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Aiming point. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Armour-piercing (projectile). . Army Plotting Room. Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. Army Physical Training Corps. capped with ballistic cap. Approximately Appendix. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Air Personnel Department. chemical warfare (gas bombs). (projectile) capped. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. high explosive. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. capped with ballistic cap. Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Armour-piercing. Anti-personnel (bomb). Armour-piercing tracer. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Air Production. Armour-piercing. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Army Printing and Stationery Services.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Naval. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Armour-piercing (projectile).

Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Artillery reconnaissance. Air Raid Warden. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Ammunition and stores. Ammunition. Armament Production Progress. Armoured car. Airman or Airmen. All artillery. Angle of sight (see also A of S). Air Raid Wardens' Service. Armament. styphnate azide or antimony. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Airship. Ammunition Railhead. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Army Routine Order. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Artisan Works Company. Armoured. Ammunition Sub-Depot.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Air Stores Park. sulphide azide. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Artillery. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. Aeroplane Repair Section. Army Stores Issue Ship. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. Armament Production (see also Arm P). not in action' (reconnaissance code).

Assistant to Director-General. Assistant Chief Overseer. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Army Troops (see also AT). Adviser on Steel Tubes. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Naval Development and Production. Armoured vehicles. of . Assistant. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. American Technical Liaison Officer. Auxiliary Services Officer. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Admiralty Trunk Exchange.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Advisory Service on Welding. Aircraft Storage Unit. Anti-tank (see also A Tk). All up weight (gross weight). Air Training Corps. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Australian Steam Test M. Research and Development. Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Armoured Unit Initial Training. Assisted take-off. Attached. Army Training Memorandum. Automatic or self-loading. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Army Training Instruction. Australia or Australian. Auxiliary Fire Station. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Air Vice-Marshal.

Aircraft Warning Service. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. Ayrshire Yeomanry. Bdr Bombardier. BAO Base Accountant Officer. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BASFUZ Base fuze. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BAB Blind approach beacon. BALCAP or BALL. BAM British Air Ministry. . CAP. BB Bombs. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BASW British Army Staff. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. BAA Brigadier. Bart Baronet. Anti-zeppelin. Azimuth (see also Z).Ballistic cap. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BAL Ballistics (see also B). BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). bdr Bandolier. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). BDE Balloon Development Establishment. Bde Brigade. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. Washington. bdy Boundary (see also bndy).

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). Balloon Production. British Naval Liaison Officer. Base Ordnance Workshop. Base ejection.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. The Border Regiment. Beachmaster (see also BM). . Brigadier. General Staff. British Nautical Almanac. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. British Height Correction. Battalion. double ejection. Boundary (see also bdy). Branch Field Post Office. Base and nose fuzed.. Beyond light repair. British Expeditionary Force. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). British Manufacturing and Research Company. Baby incendiary bomb. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. Battery Observation Post. Blown out. Bring forward. Bomb. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Bombing and Gunnery School. Base Ordnance Depot. . Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Battle Headquarters. Base fuzed incendiary. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Board of Trade. Bearing. Brake horsepower. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge).

British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Battle Squadron. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. British standard weight. British Red Cross Society. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). British Thomson-Houston.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Bridge or bridging or brass. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Base Personnel Staff Officer. Base. Birmingham Small Arms (Company).122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Battery . Base Supply Depot. Battery. British War Medal. Broadside on. Base Workshop. scissors type. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Battery Sergeant-Major. British Warrant Officer. Brigade Routine Order. Royal Artillery. Brigadier.. Beeswax. Blohm & Voss. Buckinghamshire Battalion. Base Supply Airfield. . Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). British Troops in Northern Ireland. Brigadier. Bomb release line. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British thermal unit (see also Btu). British Standard Fire.

Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Coast Artillery Searchlight. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Catering or catalogue. Commander of Army Group.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Cartridge(s). Calibre. Research and Experiments. Commander of the Order of the British Empire." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Artillery. Class "CC. Calorific value. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Counter-Battery Officer. Command Chaplain. Captain. Canteen(s). Chief Adviser. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Central Ammunition Depot. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. . Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Cambridgeshire Regiment. Cavalry.

Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Chemical Defence Research. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Coast Defence Chain (Station). . Command Dental Officer. Commander. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Canadian. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Royal Artillery. Casualty Clearing Station. Central Flying School. Phosgene. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Commander. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Tank Design. Chaplain to the Forces. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Contraband Control Service Office. Coastal Command Development Unit. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Corps Medium Artillery. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Chief Superintendent. Chief of Combined Operations. Chemical Defence Research Department. Controller of Chemical Research. Chemical Defence Development.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Coastal Command Liaison Section. Casualty Collecting Post. Capital finance claim. Chief Engineer. Chief Chemical Inspector. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Commander. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Chief Flying Instructor. Coast Defence Chain (Station).

Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. The Cheshire Regiment. Fire Control Instruments. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Fire Control. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chain (Station).ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chief Inspector. Chief Instructor. Controller-General of Research and Development. Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Clearance head space. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Corps Routine Order. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Chief Inspector. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Engineers Signal Stores. Naval Ordnance. Cast iron. Chaplain. Chain home beam. Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Commander-in-Chief. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Chief Instructor. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Instructor. Controller-General of Munitions Production. . Command Headquarters. Military College of Science. Cheshire Yeomanry. Controller-General of Economy.

Michael and St. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Close reconnaissance. Care and Maintenance Party. Captain of the Fleet.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Column (see also coin). Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. George. Chief Naval Representative. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Column (see also col). Chief of Artillery. Corrected mean time. Central Medical Establishment. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Coastal motorboat. Central Ordnance Depot. Central Interpretation Unit. Corps of Military Police. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Contracts Liaison Section. Common nose fuzed. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Closed (reconnaissance code). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Centimeter height finding. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Companion of the Order of St. Combined Operations Development Centre. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. . Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Column (reconnaissance code). Chief Maintenance Officer. Close Support Troop. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs.

Coventry Ordnance Works. Controller of Projectile Development. Concentrate or concentration. modified. original type. Cordite. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Company. Commodore. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). . Corporal. Common-pointed capped (projectile). Communication(s).ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Counter-preparation. Correction. Cotangent. Cordite. Controller of Physical Research. Commandant (see also Comd). Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Coordinate or coordinating. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Command Post Officer. Chief Ordnance Officer. Composite or component. Committee or commission. Cycles per second. Cordite. Cosecant. Construction. solventless cooler. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Commander (see also Comd). Commanding (see also Comd). Cordite with carbamite. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer.

Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Cathode ray tube. Civilian Repair Organisation. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Commander. Chief Superindendent. Chief Superintendent. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. . Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Commander. Counter-sunk. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Corps Routine Order or. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Chief Superintendent. Chilworth smokeless powder. Armaments Design. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Royal Engineers.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Calibre radius head. Projectile Development Establishment. Course setting bomb sight. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Royal Army Service Corps. Consultant. Central Storekeeping Office. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Commander. Armament Supply. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Radiological Inspection. Royal Artillery. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Company Sergeant-Major. Chlorsulphonic acid.

Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Carton. Dental Branch Officer. Hundredweight. Coast Watching Post.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Continuous wave. Central Trade Test Board. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Convoy. Chief Works Office. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Communications valves or closed vessel. Debussing (Point). Chemical Warfare Troops. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. . Communications Valves Committee. Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Corps Troops (see also CT). Royal Engineers. Chief Examining Officer. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Chemical Warfare (Service). Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Controller of Tank Development.

Director of Air Materiel. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Aeroplane Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Army Kinema Service. Director of Army Postal Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Deputy Adjutant-General. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of American Liaison and Munitions.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Air. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport.

Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Director of Canteen Service. Director of Armament Development. Construction and Regional Service. Distant control boat. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Distance control. Director of Armament Production. Deputy Controller. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Clothing and Stores. General Research and Development. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Royal Engineers. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Bombing Operations. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). . Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Deputy Chief Accountant. Director of Armament Supply. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Dive bomber. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Deputy Commander. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Deputy Chief Engineer.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Deputy Controller. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Director of Civil Research and Production.

Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS).132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director (in combination). . Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Design Department Guns. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director-General of Production. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation.

Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Operations Division. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). . Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services).

Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Signals. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Decontamination. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. . Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Director of Engine Development and Production. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories.134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Weapons. Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Technical Development.

ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP

135

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DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE

Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.

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DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.

ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS

137

District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

138
DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Directional radio. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Canadian and American. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Personal Services. Director of Public Relations. Depot. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Press Division. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Distant-reading compass (German). Director of Pre-Entry Training. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons).ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Director of Pathology. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Postal Services. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Double parachute link. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Diphenylamine. Director of Quartering. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. 10 . Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Works. Director of Remounts. Despatch Rider Letter Service. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning.

D Sal Director of Salvage. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). Director of Survey. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). Director of Technical Training. Director of Railways. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. DST Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). DVS Director of Veterinary Services. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Road Research Laboratory. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Director of Transportation. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. DWAAF . DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. Duty steamboat. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. Director of Tank Production. Director of Radio Production. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. DSR Director of Scientific Research. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Director of Torpedoes and Mining. DSO Distinguished Service Order. Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW).

The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Equivalent full charges. Engineer-in-Chief. External Ballistics Department. Dropping zone (paratroops). Earth-filled saturation (degassing).. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Experimental Demolition Establishment. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Extended Defence Officer. The East Lancashire Regiment. Electric light. Elementary Flying Training School. E Lan R Director of War Organisation. for Gallantry). Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Director of Explosives. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. . Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Equivalent full rounds. Enemy aircraft. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Director of Weapons Production. Equipment Branch Officer. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Equivalent constant wind. Echelon (see also E).ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Extended Defence Commander. Electrical Engineer. Explosive incendiary bomb. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Equipment Depot. Exchequer and Audit Department. e. Enemy bomber. Director of Warlike Stores. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy).

Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. . Engineer Vice-Admiral.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Equipment Officer. Electric Light Officer. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. East Riding Yeomanry. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Engine Room Assistant. Electric Light Observation Post. Engineer Stores. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Equipment. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Emergency Powers Committee. Electric and Percussion. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Engine Repair Section. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Embarkation Medical Officer. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Establish or establishment. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Employment. The Essex Regiment. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Extra-mural. Emergency Transport Pool. Engine Production or engine propellants. Elevation/range. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Entertainments National Services Association.

Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Field Ammunition Dump. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Fire Control. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Fire direction table. Fire Control School. Fleet Construction Officer. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Field Battery. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Field imprisonment. Fighter dive-bomber. . Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Facing (reconnaissance code). Field Hygiene Section. Field artillery tractor. Fleet Dental Officer. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Field Squadron. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fleet Accountant Officer. Forward Air Support Link. Forced landing. Farrier. Field. Field Brigade. Field Ambulance. Field Bakery. Fire Control Plotting Board. Fighter Development Unit. Fleet Adviser on Education. Forward area sight. Fleet Aviation Officer. Fleet Engineer Officer. Free aerial mine. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Field Company.

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FEP FF FFC

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BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.

FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02

ABBREVIATIONS
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.

145

FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).

FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD

Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.

146
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..

GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ

ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC

147

Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

General Staff Officer. Heavy bomber. . label. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. Grade 2 (see also G2). 4th Queen's Own Hussars. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. High explosive. High angle upper deck. armour-piercing.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. High explosive. Geographical Section. Glider Training School. Grade 1 (see also Gi). 14th/20th Hussars. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. Head and breast (telephone set). 3rd The King's Own Hussars. Greenwich sidereal time. Haversine. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). General Staff Officer. High current density. High-altitude bombing. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). Harbour Defence Motor Launch. Hussars or hygiene or height. General Staff Officer. Heavy anti-aircraft. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. 13th/18th Hussars. Hexachloroethane (smoke). 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. Head. Grade 3 (see also G3). General Staff Officer. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. York and Lancashire Regiment. The Honourable Artillery Company. Horse. Training.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. High angle. The Hampshire Regiment. General Staff. or mark). Hallamshire Battalion. Heinkel. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). armour-piercing incendiary tracer.

His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. High explosive substitute (or shell). High frequency radio telephone. Howitzer. Hospital. High explosive time fuze. High frequency (in combination). Head of the Research Department. His Majesty's Australian Ship. His (Her) Imperial Highness. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. Herefordshire Regiment. Mustard gas and lewisite. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). His Majesty's South African Ship. Highest possible score. High frequency detector. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). . Height observed (observed altitude). His Majesty's Indian Ship. High explosive tracer. High frequency oscillator. Hexagon. High explosive incendiary tracer. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Hotchkiss (ammunition). High explosive graze fuze. Heavy Glider Training Unit. Hertfordshire Regiment. High explosive graze fuze with delay. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. Horses (reconnaissance code). His Majesty's Canadian Ship. Hirings. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set).

H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. European Theater of Operations. Headquarters. HQBA Headquarters. HQ HQASFETO. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). Indian (or Italian) Air Force. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. Services of Supply. "I" Intelligence Officer. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. HV Heavy. Medium Artillery. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. S. S. HSL Viscous mustard gas. USA Headquarters. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. U. Army. HRS Haenschel. European Theater of Operations. Hard strength brass (or bronze). High terminal velocity. U.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). S. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. . Royal Artillery. inspection aircraft. USA). U. HQRA Hour. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Base Area. USA Army. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . HTV High velocity. Infantry (tank). Headquarters. Headquarters. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. IARO Indicated air speed. European Theater of Operations. HQETO. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. Army Service Forces. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. Army (now HQASFETO. HQMA HQSOSETO. USA Headquarters. HSB High speed launch.150 BRITISH.

Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Inspection. Inch. Incendiary. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. India or Indian. Igniter's safety fuze. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Indian Hospital Corps. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Inspection Marine Craft. Inspection Mechanical Transport. United Kingdom. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Inspection Instruments. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Indian Medical Service. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Inspector-General. Imperial Defence College.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. . Imperial Chemical Industries. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Inspection Materials. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Instructor of Fire Control. Maintenance. Indian Army (see also IA). Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Information or informed. Infantry. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Indicating Net Defence. Identification friend or foe. Imprisonment with hard labour. Indicator Loop Station. Coast Artillery.

Joint Intelligence Staff. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Inland Water Transport. Instruction for Practice Seawards. Instrument Production. Intelligence Officer. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Instantaneous. India rubber vulcanized. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Inspector. . Inspection note. Inter Service Information Series. Intelligence Officer.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Staff (Operations). Judge Advocate-General. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Intelligence (see also I). Inspection Stores Works. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Royal Artillery. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Instructions to proceed. type A. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Quarter-Master-General's Service. Installations. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Irish Republican Army. Isle of Wight. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Initial Training School. Royal Engineers. Initial Training Wing. Inspector. Instructor (see also Instr). Joint Intelligence Committee. Inspection Stores Engineering.

Knight. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). George. King's Harbour Master. Ethyliodoacetate. Light automatic or lead azide.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. 17th/21st Lancers. King's Regulations. Junkers. 16th/5th Lancers. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Legal Branch Officer. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Pound (monetary unit). Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Michael and St. Junction. Kilocycles. Light Aid Detachment. Light anti-aircraft. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. . Knight of the Thistle. Kensington Regiment. Kite Balloon Section. Knight Commander of the Order of St. King's Norton Solution. Knight of St. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Patrick. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. Knight of the Garter. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's).

Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Lance-Corporal. Local apparent time. Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft personnel (medium). Leicestershire Yeomanry. Lever. Land Defence Force. Landing craft support (small). Landing craft. Latitude (see also L). The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft infantry (large). Landing craft flak (barge). Landing craft barge (dumb). Lift and force (pump). Leader. Landing craft flak. Landing craft personnel (ramped). Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Low frequency. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Landing craft personnel (large). Landing. Landing craft support (medium). Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Landing craft tanks. Lower Establishment Division. Pound. Landing craft assault. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Lance-Bombardier. breech mechanism. navigational. Landing craft support (large). Landing craft infantry (small). Labour or light bomber. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft flak barge (large). . Pounds per horsepower hour.154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map.

LR London Rifle Brigade. LO Left out of battle. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). Loyals Low power or local purchases. LS Landing ship dock. LHA Local hour angle (east). Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. Light machine gun. LH Local hour angle. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). LMT Longitude (see also Long). LHA(E) Library. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted).) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LRB Long Range Desert Group. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LPS Light railway(s). Lovat Liquid oxygen. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LGA Limbered general service wagon. LMG Local mean time. LP Lord Privy Seal. Long The Lothian and Border Horse. Lothians Lovat Scouts. Logarithm. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. LSD Landing ship (gantry). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment.

Medical Branch Officer. Low temperature annealing. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Supply Service. Low velocity.156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Landing ship infantry (small). Magazine or magnetic. Low tension (voltage). Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Long wave. Left Section. Lieutenant-Colonel. Light warning (portable). Master-at-arms. Motor Ambulance Convoy. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Military Air Defence System. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Light warning (vehicle). Ballonet (type of barrage balloon).. Lieutenant-General. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Military Adviser to the Director-General. (See LSgt). Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. . Link Training Instructor School. Light. Landing Zone. Landing ship (personnel). Local Technical Committee. Landing ship infantry (large). Landing ship infantry (medium). Landing ship (stern). Low water ordinary spring tide. Low temperature treatment.

Manager of Engineering Department. md Mean difference. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. Motorcycle machine gun. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. Motor anti-submarine boat. Ministry of Aircraft Production. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Motorcycle. Mine Depot or message-dropping. Medical Advance Station. Manning Depot. Major. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Mech Med Medium or medical. Megacycles. Major-General (see also MG). Member of the Order of the British Empire. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MD MDG Medical Director-General. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. MCH Maximum ceiling height. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. The Manchester Regiment. Met or MET . MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. Middle East or military engineering. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. MCS Mine Control Station.

Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Miles in the hour (speed). Mobile Veterinary Section.. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Major-General. Military Foot Police. Minute. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Military. Motor gunboat. Major-General. Master of the Fleet. Manual of Field Engineering. Mobile or mobilisation. Military Intelligence Service. Military Field Photographic Section. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Military Intelligence Officer. model). e. Ministry of Home Security. Major-General. Major-General in charge of Administration. Medium frequency. Military Foreman of Works. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military Mounted Police. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Medium machine gun. General Staff. Mine laying aircraft. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Mark (i. Royal Artillery. Military Forwarding Officer. Mineral jelly. . Method of filling.

. Miles per hour. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Motor torpedo boat. Mean' point of burst. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Nuts. Military Personnel Research Committee. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Mean sea level. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Military Training Pamphlet. Machineable quality. and bolts. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Mounting. Mountain. Two-man torpedo boat. Material Production Liaison Officer. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Medical Technical Orders. MTSD MU my or MV .159 Ministry of Supply. Meritorious Service Medal. Medical Receiving Station. screws. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Main Supply Depot. Medical Officer of the Guard. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Metres per second. Muzzle velocity. Mounted. Military Provost Staff Corps. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Miles per gallon. Mortar. Maintenance Unit. Mine-Sweeping Group. Motor or motorized. Message picking up.

Army and Air Force Institutes. Naval Control Service Officer. Naval Armament Supply Officer.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Navigation Instruction Officer. No break (contact). Non-auto frettaged. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Non-ferrous metals. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Netherlands East Indies. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. National Defence Research Committee. NFP Night-fighter plotting. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Natural Navigation. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). . Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Non-Comissioned Officer.) Sea Lord. Nitrocellulose. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Non-Combatant Corps. Northeast. Nitrocellulose tubular. Naval Control Service Instructions. Non-delay. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Newfoundland. Minor War Signal Station. Nursing Auxiliary Service. Navy. etc. Not fair hit. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Naval Aid to (1st. Naval Equipment Depot.

Night reconnaissance. Number. Nose instantaneous. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. North Somerset Yeomanry. New Zealand. No sound back. Not known. National Rifle Association. . Nitroglycerine. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). North Irish Horse. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. particularly clothing. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Naval Ordnance Department.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Naval Exchange. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Naval Land Equipment. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. Night trace flame trace. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Not timed or night tracer. Flashless propellant. Naval Transport Officer. Naval Liaison Officer. Northwest. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. Nobel rim neonite. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Nose instantaneous rod. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Nautical miles. Not in vocabulary (stores. Naval Law Branch. Naval Officer-in-Charge. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Not recorded. Normal temperature pressure. contrary to regulations).

Observation post. Ordnance Board. Oblique photographs. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer of the Guard or ogival. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Open (reconnaissance code). Royal Marines. Officer Commanding.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Officer of the Day. Officer Keeper. Out of service. Observer Officer (see also 00). Officer Commanding. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Operation or operating or operator. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Ordnance Field Park. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Operations (see also Ops). Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Royal Army Service Corps. Ordnance Depot. Officer-in-charge. Officer Commanding. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Observation. Overseas Liaison (Officer). Officer Cadet Training Unit. Divisional Signals. Officer of the Watch. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Officer (see also 0). On His Majesty's Service. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. .

Ordnance. Parliamentary Secretary. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Passive air defence. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Observed velocity (i. Organise or Organisation. Parachute troops.ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Operational Photographic Unit. Operational Research Section. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. e. Parachute and cable. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. Official use. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Plastic Armour Officer. Paragraph or parachute. muzzle velocity). Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Operational Training Unit. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group.. at 0 feet. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Other Ranks Training Unit. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Oxford. Officers' Training Corps. . Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Pathology. Over water (proof of projectiles).

Principal Establishment Officer. Phosphorus. Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Period delay mechanism. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Pounder (see also por and PR). Petrol (gasoline). Photograph or photographic or photography. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Provisional condemning (limit). Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Port Detachment. Photographic Officer. Canadian and American. Postogram. Pigeon. Production Development Station. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Physical. Partial detonation or projectile development. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Projector.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Production. Public House (Inn). Production Development Executive. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Proof and Experimental Officer. Park. Production Engine Accessories. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Infantry Anti-Tank. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Telephone (see also tel).

oil. Pilot Officer. Publications Liaison Officer. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. . Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Port of London Authority. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Provost. Principal Officer. President. and lubricants. Public Relations Branch. Petrol (gasoline). Plain language. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Position. Powder metal-lined (case). Principal Private Secretary. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Position line. Principal Medical Officer. Plans projector (or position) indicator.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Post Office. Paymaster-in-Chief. Phonogram. Pioneer. Petrol Railhead. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Principal Military Landing Officer. Regimental Institutes. Petrol Point or picric powder. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Press and Publicity Officer. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Merchant Marine. Paymaster.

Physical Training. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. Pay. Military Staff College. Graduate. Principal Sea Transport Officer. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Pyrotechnics. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Point. Housing signal. Prisoner(s) of War. Publication. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Pick-up truck. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Printing and Stationery Service. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Graduate. Proprietory. . Quick firing or decoy fire. Paper. Postogram. Paravane. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Police War Reserve. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. fine. Private. Post War Signals Station. Physical Training Officer. Porton. Quadrant elevation.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. white. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Please turn (page) over. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch.

Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Radio acoustic. Army Ordnance Services. Queen Victoria Rifles. Royal Artillery Survey. Royal Australian Navy. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Range and accuracy. Regulations. Royal Air Force. Royal Army Pay Corps. Quarter-Master-General. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Army Medical Corps. Light decoy. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Queen's Westminsters. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Supplies. Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Range and direction as deflected. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Reserve of Air Force Officers. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Regimental Aid Post. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Australian Air Force. Royal Army Chaplains' Department.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Regular Army Reserve of Officers.

Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development Engines. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Royal Canadian Navy. Research Development Instruments. Research Development (Naval). Remote Control Office. Research Development Armaments. . Royal Canadian Air Force. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Radio counter measures. Road or round (of ammunition). Royal Cartridge Department.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Research Development Marine Craft. Research Development Photographic Equipment. carbamite 3. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Repair Depot. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). NC 21. picrate 55. Research Development Aircraft. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Communications. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Relief Driver Increment. Road junction. Regional Development Officer. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation.

Royal Filling Factory. Reinforcement (see also rein). Reference. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. River Emergency Service. Royal Garrison Artillery. Registry. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). . C. Recovery. Regiment or regimental. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Reconnaissance float plane. Royal Field Artillery. Recruiting Centre. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Range. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). C. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Reference Point A (B. Regulating or regulation. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment.) (reconnaissance code). Representative. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Royal Gun Factory. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Reserve. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Retired. etc. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). etc. Research Development Technical Investigation. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Rifleman. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.

Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal Naval Barracks. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. green. Royal Indian Army. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Royal Marine Signal Officer. River (reconnaissance code). Royal Marine Striking Force. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Regimental Headquarters. Raw Materials Depot. Render inert mechanism. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. signal. Rendering mines safe. Royal Naval Officer. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Royal Observer Corps. Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Naval Reserve. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. . Royal (or Research) Laboratory. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Railway Operating Division (RE). Royal New Zealand Air Force. Russian Liaison Group. Royal Indian Navy. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Royal Naval Division. Reserve of Officers.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Rockets. Royal Navy. Royal Military College. Railway (see also Ry).

Regimental Survey Officer. Right Honourable. Research Technical Publications. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Rendezvous. Regimental Sergeant-Major. The Royal Ulster Rifles. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Range table muzzle velocity. The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Repeated. Range table. Royal Small Arms Factory. Returned Stores Depot.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Research Report. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Royal Scots Fusiliers. Radio Production (American). Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Rounds per gun. (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Royal Tank Corps. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. . Regimental Starting Point. Radio Production (Technical). The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Radio Production (Supplies). Royal Corps of Signals. Radio Research Board. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks).

Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Short aerial mine. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Senior British Naval Officer. Single-axle drive. capped. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Railway Telegraph. Small Arms School Corps. Society of Automotive Engineers. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Squadron Artillery Officer. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Shipping advice and delivery note. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). South African Air Force. Small Arms School. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Small arms rifle grenade. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Salvage. South African Irish Rifles. Standard ballistic limit. Small box-girder (bridge). Shilling (monetary unit). South African Engineer Corps. Small bomb container.

approximate composition: NG 41. Signal Equipment Design. Signal Distributing Officer. Second-in-command. Sub-Contracting Production. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Signals. Second or security. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Superintending Civil Engineer. The Duke of Albany's). Siding (reconnaissance code). Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Corps Medium Artillery. Supply Dropping Point. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Slow-burning explosive. Security Officer. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Section (see also X). Special despatch rider. NC 50. Stores Depot. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). . Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Staff Duties and Training Section. Staff Duties. Single-engine fighter. Self-destroying tracer. carbamite 9. Staff Captain. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Propellant name. Smoke Curtain Installation.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Scottish Horse. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Royal Artillery.

Signal Officer. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Special issue. Shrapnel. Service Flying Training School.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Sheet. Searchlight Commander. Searchlight Directing Station. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Steam gunboat. Searchlight emplacement. Signals or Communications Officer. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Signals." which is official in the Royal Air Force.- . but the spelling "sergeant. Shropshire Yeomanry. Senior Intelligence Officer. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Squadron Gunnery Officer. is frequently used. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Sulphurless fine grain. Secret Intelligence Service. Sergeant.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Situation Report. Signalman. Sine. Signal. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). Senior Gas Adviser. (See Sgt. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge.

The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Submarine (see also Sub). Superintendent of Experiments. Senior Organisation Officer. Staff Officer (Liaison). School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Senior Medical (e. Organisation and Methods Division. Testing device for RAF recruits.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Searchlight laying. Staff Officer. Superintendent of Mine Design. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Senior Naval Officer Landing.' Selected Military) Officer. Physical Training. Scientific Liaison Officer. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Secretary of the Ordnance Board. School of Military Engineering. Secretary. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Supply Landing Point. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. . Secretary of State or School of Survey. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Senior Military Adviser. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Sound locator. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Signal Operations Instructions. School of Aeronautical Engineering. School of Artillery.

Senior Officers' School. Stocks and Storage. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Staff Sergeant.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Special Duties Officer. Supply Refilling Point. . Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Staff Officer. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Squadron. Single shot. Senior Officer. Royal Engineers. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Signalling projector. Royal Artillery. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Squadron Officer. Sapper (engineer). Royal Marines. Ship-born. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Support. Sector Searchlight Commander. Single-seater fighter. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major.

Slightly unsteady. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Standard wire gauge. Statistics and Planning. Supply Depot. Strategical reconnaissance. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Supply. The Suffolk Regiment. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Supply Point. The South Staffordshire Regiment. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. The East Surrey Regiment. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Survey (see also SV). Super-sonic telegraphy. Standard time. Seater. The South Wales Borderers. Station. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Submarine (see also S/M). Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Small Vessels Pool. Sepoy. Switchboard. Staffordshire Yeomanry. . Supply Officer.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO).

Administrative training. A. Traffic Control Post. Tank Committee Liaison. Engineer Officer. Technical or technician. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Tentacle. U. Track (reconnaissance code). Technical Detachment. Tangent. Tank Delivery Squadron. The Adjutant-General. Text-Book of Gunnery. Trench (reconnaissance code). True air speed. Armament Officer. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Test and Development Establishment. Tank Delivery Regiment. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Thames Ammunition Works. Tank Design Liaison. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Territorial Army Allowances. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Twin-engine bomber. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Tail delay 2 seconds. Tactical reconnaissance. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Tank Board. Twin-engine fighter. S. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Torpedo Development Unit. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Torpedo bomber (or boat).178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Tactical Control Officer.

Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Time of receipt. Time handed in. Technical Maintenance Officer. Temperate land scheme. Troop or Transport. Trailer. . Teleprinter (U. Tank (see also Tnk). Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). TNT beeswax. Tactical exercise without troops. Tank Production Armour (code). Transportation (see also tpt). Telescope identification. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Time of despatch. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Time of origin. Tail instantaneous. Time of burning. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Torpedo and mine. Tank (see also Tk). Telephone exchange. Town gas main. S. Telegraph or telegraphic. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Threads. Training Manual. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). sensitive. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge).ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Target moving (reconnaissance code). Time of flight. Thompson machine carbine. Time fuze. Target. Tail instantaneous. teletype). Tests of elementary training. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport.

. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Universal call (switchboard). Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Torpex. Trooper. Union Defence Force. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Troops. Underwater electrode potential. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Their Royal Highnesses. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). Temperate sea scheme. Goods trucks (i. Trumpeter or transporter. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Tank Supply Liaison. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane).180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Terminal velocity. Twin-seater fighter. Transported. Unexploded Bomb Committee. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Tank War Office Liaison. percussion. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). e.. Training. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). United Kingdom. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Signal Officer. Unit Equipment Table. small arm. Tube. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code).

Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. . Very mild explosion. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). given either written or verbally (i. Vulcanized in rubber. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Vertical interval. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Victoria Cross. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Verbal (i. Very low frequency. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). orally) to signaller. Variable elevation beam. Vehicle. Valves for Oliphant. Volume moisture. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Vice-Admiral Commanding. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Message of which no record is kept. Visual indicating equipment. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Very high frequency. Veterinary (see also V). Unexploded bomb. Vickers-Bertheir.. Unserviceable (see also U). e.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Vickers diamond hardness. oral). Unit Landing Officer. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. United States or unsteady start. e. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Veterinary Evacuating Station.. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services).

Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Velocity of adjustment. With effect from. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. sealing. NC 65. Vulnerable point or vent. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). Wing Officer. Investigation Section. electric. War Department. Vent. The Welch Regiment. Velocity/pressure.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. War Establishment(s). Western Approaches Tactical Unit. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Visual telegraphy. War Establishment Committee. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Week ending. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Visual signalling. Vertical photograph (or photography). Wireless electrical mechanic. War Establishment Table(s). Women's Auxiliary Air Force. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Wing Commander. Woolwich adjusted charge. Volunteer Reserve. Warships (reconnaissance code). or percussion (tube). Wing Artillery Officer. Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Wing. Warning telephone. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Watch correction or water closet. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Veterinary Officer.

9g.. War Intelligence Committee. M/Je. The York and Lancaster Regiment. Women's Voluntary Service. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). War Registry. War Office or Warrant Officer. Yard(s) (e. Class 1 (2). Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Women's Royal Naval Service. Wireless Operator Unit. Signifies experimental failure. Weapon training. Workshop. Wireless School. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Cross road(s). Yorkshire Hussars. Explosive(s) or section(s).ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. e.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Wagon Line Officer. Works. . Warships Production Superintendent. NC 65. Warrant Officer. Yorkshire Dragoons. Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). 1. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. Withdrawn and replaced. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). carbamite 2). Yard.. Propellants and charges. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). The Worcestershire Regiment.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. g. Women's Land Army. Expanded metal. White phosphorus. Extended Defence Officer.

Zone position indicator. Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Lead azide and CE.184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). True azimuth (clockwise from the north). . Wireless Interception Service. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. Zone watch. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed).

however. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. Anywhere . which is.ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . at the end. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. at the end of an abbreviation. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. usually indicated by s. often means development or design or defence or Department.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. usually means Officer or Order. at the end. at the end. factories. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. may indicate a plural form. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation.

.

General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret.Appendix A." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. etc.. ciphers. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. etc. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. such as code words." b. (5) (6) War sider I U.13 S." (3) "Security. discussions on new types of weapons." (2) "Secret. Other matters. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. or forecasts of manpower. 187 -. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- . (5) "Not to be published.. CATEGORIES a. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. Tables of Organization.

"Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. (2) Ciphers. d. etc. . (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. location lists. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. For example. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. and orders of battle. e.. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. whenever possible.

security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally. S.. military training pamphlets.. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. 2. . the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces. ------.. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification. and other documents of a military nature. 3."-" "Secret" ... BRITISH AND U... Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line.. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda. S..-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- . Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification.. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification." Confidential" …l...... ---... (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger.....

Small. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.500..440 . but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them. 190 . S. maps. 1.. 2.360 -----I------------Medium.--------------..1: 633. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3. 1: 253. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. Large ---------.-..000 and 1:100.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----. Small ------------1: 126. Actually U.----------.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.--.. intermediate-1:125. MAPS 1.Small.600 . S.-----.. S. medium-1:62. when it was superseded by the Modified British System..i: 1-. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U.Large. I inch to I mile . GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U..-.-..Appendix B.720. ... S. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. Within the British Isles. Small ---------..000 and 1:250. .000. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile .. ¼inch to I mile -... Large ---------1: 40. 3.--------------Intermediate.000 -----------------Large.. 1: 20... Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U. Standard .000.63. maps and are designated by representative fractions.. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales..000 ---------------.. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927.

The distance east of the southwest corner is read first.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. east and west.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. (2) Use. thus making large squares identical in size. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. U. L. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. Every tenth line is thickened.000 map series of Great Britain. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. . P. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured.APPENDIX B 191 scales. Q. b. S. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. M. military grid maps. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. and R. British System (1) Description. Q7506. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. this being called "ceasting.

(2) Description. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . in the small square 21. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). 0 30 Figure 5. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. 6). The easterly coordinate is always given first. in the large lettered squares.192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. each of which is designated by a letter.': omitting the letter "I" (fig.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. Modified British System (1) General. . each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. These squares are again subdivided. Thus the point P. 5).-British System grid. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. is repeated every 50 kilometers.) c. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places.

JV :. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered. L M NW ____ .Z .{--{wa'r I T . the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. Modified British System. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map..-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened..\ .___ °.-Grid lettering.' W X " ! Figure 6. and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls.ia.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1. every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. . Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.

5 units north of the point of reference.3 units east and 3. without unduly obscuring the detail.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. The number denotes the distance. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. it may be described as the point of reference. 5 I Figure 7. in 10-kilometer units. (4) Y inch to I mile map. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. 0--f 0 .-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred.-Modified British System grid. It lies in square vH. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . and its reference is therefore vH 6335.

since there is no possibility of duplication. namely. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted. (v)H 6335. 4 inch to I mile map. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. inch to mile mp. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. . Figure 8.-On maps of these scales.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8.-Modified Figure British System grid. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-Modified British System grid. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses.

59 270 O 69 6867 . to the (false) . the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. in smaller print.-Modified British System grid. 1 inch to I mile map. Figure 9. and to every tenth number is added.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. this time in kilometer units. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. on any grid line denotes. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L .

5 units north of the point :of reference. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system. Its reference is therefore 533675. but this is not normally necessary. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference. in figure 9. the point Q is 53. .3 units east and 67. Thus.

W.) See also FM 24-10. S. the word itself is first spoken. followed by the phonetic spelling. 1942. for example. J. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. L. B. R.1 2. N. D.Appendix C. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1." b. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). O for Orange. M. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. Z. Q. K. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. P.-British radio procedures. E. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. C. 1943). Y. H. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. V. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. W for William. 198 . No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. "Two: T for Toc. X. O. T. I. F. U." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. Procedure" (January 20. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. G. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . STANDARD PROCEDURES a.

8._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. 199 of numbers is similar to U. . For instance.O. 6.-British message blank (reduced from original size).- . W= ) .--"Six" Five . . MESSAGE AND RU . Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. I10NS OUT . :usage except for-numbers such as 11. --. I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. 22.. _"Sei-en" ---.H._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR. etc.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. 2. 4. I .0iSi Figure 10._W 1 PG.R.Owe "Wun" ____ -_.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt).-_ Three "Fife" Four ___. 9. 1. 33. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun".One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--.4 ___I___1 l.. 7.Six _"Ate" ---.)t. Z44101. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-._ ----._ _.Two ---"Foer" _.Eight FORM -------. 3. Ioigure .. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0. . S." etc.1 _ _ _1 DUG.APPENDIX C . 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too. 5..

Sev-en --. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. Niner. Too. Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. A period.." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. p. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec..200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis .. ... (4) "Date": day of the month only (e. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. cipher.. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box. O-w-e. Owe ." c.. par. Wun. Wun. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. It may consist of plain language. Owe. .. Foer . . . 93). Fife Niner.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. or code. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message.. to which reference is being made. g. Wun Six . . 1... VI. Six. Ate -. if any.-.. or "stop. Owe . Wun .. Six. December 7 is written 7).

is given. _ By any officer. and local time). showing in detail which officers may use each priority. (a) "Written message" procedure. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. By commanders and senior staff officers. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. O. Immddiate for messages of special importance. H. Signal officers may use this priority. No indication------For messages of minor importance.-There are several procedures in use. if any. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. or may be sent as a phonogram. d.= time of receipt. For routine messages. R. In the case of a phonogram. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. (T. _-----.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. 2 Priority lists. Any other instiuction. . are issued by the General Staff. T.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. such as "To await arrival. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations." may be put in this space. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. I.= time handed in.

-The message is sent straight through. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable"." . "very strong. (e) "DC" method.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. reply. (d) "G" method. The sender sends each group twice instead of once.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure. (c) "F" method. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. (b) "SR" (send replies) method. "good". strength 6. strength 9. or cannot.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. no answers being given. This is used for quick questions and answers. e. "fair". strength 7. This method is used when the receiver must not. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. (2) Methods of transmission.

2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. .. S. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5.50.00.. I The official rate authorized between the U. 1942).. Threepence (rare) (3d..00 in U. £5 and up. 6 cents. CONVERSION TABLES 1.50 cents.Appendix D. a tanner. s. Silver coins: Threepence (3d.035 per British pound ster4ing.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. abbreviated £. Halfpenny (¼2d. 5/-) ----------------------$1... which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. S. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd..) ("thrup'nce. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4..) ---------------------------------2 cents.) ("thrup'nce..00. See WD Circular No. Prices are usually written in pounds. Shilling-12 pence (Is.' The table of equivalents given below... or a kick) -----------12 cents. 6d. currency. and 6 pence... Florin-2 shillings (2s." or "thrup'ny bit". a stever)__ 6 cents. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s.." or "thrup'ny bit". S. General The pound sterling.. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents.) ("sixp'nce". 399 (December 9. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents.. CURRENCY a. and d. 203 . now exchanges for about $4. Larger denominations of pound notes.. 1 shilling. Sixpence (6d. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. shilling. however.. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. Penny (ld. British U. meaning 2 pounds. 2/6) (two and six. and pence. a stever) --------------..

11...000. jewelry..205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).240 pounds.1 mile.7. S.000)__ 1 billion.. .000..).. ton (short ton. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" .______ 2...03 pecks. .. orthousandmillions (1. long (20 long cwt.000. Differences The following differences between British and U. 1 milliard. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence. Expensive articles such as furniture.000. S. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a..000.240 pounds.000.000) ----1 quintillion... I imperial gallon _---------. which is equal to 1 pound.000 pounds. 1 shilling.204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. whereas the U. or cental) is 100 pounds.000.. 1 hundredweight (cwt.000.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. are usually priced in guineas.. 2.--------weigh 175 pounds.. automobiles. a 1 ton.. _ .") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds). the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound..032 dry quarts.000.000... . weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. I imperial bushel -------------------1.. whereas the U. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons.2 liquid quarts.000..000) -------------_ 1 trillion. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). I thousand billions (1. 1. or 20 short cwt.0. such as a guinea. I imperial peck 1. below): British United Slates J. 1 trillion (1..) is 2.) -----------.. 1 billion (1. 1.. _ . Thus. long -------------112 pounds.000. hundredweight (short hundredweight... i shilling. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. etc.. S. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.000. precious stones..000.000)___ 1 quadrillion. when an article sells for a guinea.bushels.

The brake horsepower formula. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15.7. . is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. which is normally used in the United States.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3.1416. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).5. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. For example. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. In some tables of equivalents. 2 3 3 . S. Horsepower In Great Britain. as in the United States.APPENDIX D 205 b.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). all of which are similar.4D 2 N. However." horsepower. but such a ratio is incorrect.

(b) Oil gallons 2long tons. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. Gasoline. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. . Oil. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. and Water4 (1) Formulas. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds.

1056 6.224 .2367 12. 012 183 100 91. 760 5. . 537 160.0273 1. 720 125.6336 1.4.000 20. 500 . 360 39. 000 400. 080 150.735 4 3. 35 31. 800 300..44 30. ms to m . 946 4 4.3333 .0079 e.3333 .2 .853.0176 63. 1 M.901 1.609.5 1.05 .971 1.1 12 .12 2. 23 1. 0936 3.01 126. 891 9. 000 78.4224 1. 000 .014.792 .025 36 . 000 . 313 6 667 7. 280 49.157 15. 8554 9. 240 . 2M. 534 . 2 80 880 1.9864 50.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me.1578 5. 440 250. 280 . 470 10 18.025 .027. 5 3. 4 M.2 meters).157 3 2.5 6.920 792 72 39. and is called the Admiralty mile. 48 20. 6 3.1 M.4 2 .6667 40.0422 . several different values are in use.6 2. 36 . 37 36 12 7. 971 491. 840 . 000 80.7891 .317 . 3 M. S. 13 47. 117 2. 600 500. 280.853. 578 1.Kilo.184 .3. 367 2 1.1267 . 1. 000 .6313 31.080 feet (1.02 . 855.0158 500 .2 .3168 2.2 25 . 336 .72 .093. 515 1 73.3946 .25 1 8 .5. 281 1 3 1 9.014 .5 . or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 000 .267 . 000 .8 1 1.005 1. 157 .54 I The geographical.0127 .973 1. 046 63.6093 8 1 4.578 1. 21 600 of a great circle of the earth. 336 1 4 3.1333 .57 23.0158 . 2 220 660 I 11 20. 934 100.0845 .1584 .APPEINDIX P 207 d.2.2534 . 370 7.946 3.000 . 000 4.000 .15155 statute miles. 168 .672 .0 yards. 71 546.85325 kilometers). 000 100. British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.0317 .4224 .680 .112 3 2.168 3 2:534 2. 8 16 110 201.4 . 1584 .92 1 185.584 . s2 109 200 .0634 . Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080. 4 2.Stat. 313 5 4.7891 42.0667 1 . 333 3.625 1.6336 -.2112 3. 2.4735 25. 344 4 .248 meters.0833 .000 100 B4t 9 4.84 10 7.25 .12 22 66 1 1.25 1.25 15. 223 1 1.20 feet (1. 667 1 10.829 2 6 1 1.0528 12 67 .longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.000 . 267 1.0333 .333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 . 120 . 25. 2. 500 .75 63.3 1.15: 5 .05 25. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. 1.8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 34 .5 1. 087. 5 1. 78 11. 000 633. 1529 1. .0789 2. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere. 000 200.1578 . Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.5 2 1. 1 6. 750.3168 .8 1. 000 190.5 30. 000 253.1267 . 360 1 62. 000 316. 94 -20 40 56. 029. . 735 5 6. 1. 4 .2534 2.25 3 . 91 63.5069 .3946 21. 560 .7600 .67 15. 1. 223 8. 263 1. nautical.2112 . 000 75.6 . 891 6.367 2.3333 20. that of the U. 10.0211 .0395 1.000 1.5 5261 6667 .1 . 000 126. 000 .

... 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1...... 0 .97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----.06 2.Meters . 0254 39...013 85 ..405 2..0547 18. 4 ..197 Pints -------------------------Liters . Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1. . Ounces______-_..018 288 Feet per minute --. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX.76 Gallons -----------Liters -4......867 4 645...47 .-Meters per second .. 0 Inches --------------------..6 6...'466 7 Feet per second ... Cubic centimeters_ .Gram calories -..------..22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--. 3937 2.280 8 Yards -.186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -...British thermal units per .005 08 196... 68 . Hectares_ Acres .907 2 1.3862 Square kilometersSquare .986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550..--------------Miles per hour ------.Cubic meters_-----------------_ ......02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496. 764 Cubic inches ..------.0 .-.205 .028 32 35.... --.986 1...546 .. .------1.589 miles-.Meters per second_ ....0 Feet------------------------Meters...12 ..013 15 Horsepower---------.... .0377 36.304 8 3.227 3..092 9 10. Horsepower . Meters--.001 340 3 Watts -----..Grams -.681 82 1...-.28.568 1.---.....-.. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal .211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons. . 35 PoundK ----------. K.609 3 . 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ..03527 .. 85 Meters per second..-Square meters....039 37=inches..011 363 6 88. 000 948 1055. Atmospheres--------... U. -...-K.________. Centimeter .08 Horsepower--------.892 8 1. 802 .061 Cubic inches--Liters -.000 948 1055.---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------. -.04 ...453 59 2..-.-. . _'_1..06 .-... 508 1.152 ....087 feet)-.------.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1... Feet per second..36 second..0833 12..984 2 Ounces 35.. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1..447 2... --Inch_ -.... Meters per second -....-----------..8 3.. . Quintals_ ..36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------..Foot-pounds -.. S 1...----------------Watts -...0 Feet per minute..-----.-.---.. .308 .......914 4 1... . ...070 31 Pounds per square inch meter..451 Square inches---------Square feet --------..000 376 8 Kilowatts -..0 Cubic feet _.----------Feet per second -.--..-.913 33 ...609 34 .... 25.K--Kilograms.... ...08 746.002 02 14.. 78 . .340 3 .001 3403 746. 50. 223 _ ilograms per square centi...068 03 14.. Miles per hour. ..... 304 .7646 Grains -----------------... 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------..----.155 Square centimeters --0--.....-Kilometers per hour.4=millimeters.....16 .016 .161 6.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76..-.... 16._---.236 9 Miles per hour-...8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1. 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------. Horsepower (metric)'l-...621 37 Kilometers per hour -.. ..5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters .. 238 8 4.....830 Horsepower -------...208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f.---0648 15.-.. 2654..039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------. . 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -. 1.387 .. I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second.... Feet per minute 54.1...097 28 . 432 Grams -..014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -. .---.. . .27 .0164 61. 04 .621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.... Watt-hours .... .001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters .....019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) .. 288 Meters per minute .....746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25. _ . Kilograms ...

British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ . o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .APPENDIX D 209 :.

.erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. British Protractor--Rev.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I . < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o .~~~~U GERNMN S. PRNTG GOER. RR oG L h.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:. OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 ..

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