a. S.

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MAY 15, 1943









AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .




CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.




1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

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a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

- a. Appointments ----------------------d... ----96 98 -_______-. Supporting Arms-... f.Master . COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. Army Air Corps --------------------i.. 5.. of Royal Engineers (. Regiment of Artillery (RA) . TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------. APPOINTMENTS. Headquarters and Formations-Con. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ ... ABBREVIATIONS-Continued. HEADQUARTERS. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. 7.. d..--.. a. Infantry of the Line -.... Page 1.----_ ------_---- 105 105 .. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . General --------------------------98 b. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. FORMATIONS.. Services --95 2..IV CONTENTS VI.-101 g. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter ...... Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----.. 104 h.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c. STAFF.. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b. e. Household Cavalry ----------------d... 100 f..______3.. b.. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------. h. 6. g. c.. AND SERVICES-Continued.. i.

....___-------------_ e.CONTENTS V Page . CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B.... MAPS ------------.....----------------187 187 Appendix A. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------.. Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d._____-....______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-.__. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -..------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.. C..___ b.--. a.---__ ------------_ 2..--a.. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a.. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 .. Sending a Message __. CHANGE 3.__-. General ----.. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------. SCALES--__. d. ---- a..-____-_..... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2..... CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1.. S.2.... b.__-... -. c.1. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---. "Secret"_-... Origin -----------------------.. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1... British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c. GENERAL---____-_--.-__-..... GENERAL--______________________... Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---.. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-... Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c.. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---..---------1. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e... b... BRITISH AND U... General -----------_____--------b......----------- 190 190 190 3..

General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g. Modified British System grid.. U. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h.------------.. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. S.. Modified British System grid.VI CONTENTS D. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. British System grid --------------------------------6. Horsepower -------------------------c. Modified British System grid. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. Grid lettering. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. 2. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. 4. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. S. Gasoline. 7. S. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . Differences ------------------------b. U. Oil._194 195 196 199 . U. Modified British System ----------------. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued.

military terms are given with their British equivalents. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. Since new forms are constantly appearing. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. In the lists which follow. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. S. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. and British officers. S. and the U. S. gallon. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood.Section I. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. troops. However. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. 1 . the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. ton. common U. battery do not have the same connotations for U. S. for example.

S. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-Single batteries. functional term has no British equivalent. 97). . S. p. etc. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command").-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. rather.Section 11. platoons. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. 4. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. Accountable officer. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. For example. Accompanying artillery. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces.-Absent from post or duty. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. (see fig. S. military terms with their definitions. Where a U. or of funds. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). Responsible officer. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. U.

-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. transportation.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. martial law.-When unqualified. S.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. usually issued by divisions and higher units. straggler line. Same. rear echelon. necessary tactical details also shown. evacuation. usually one on a small scale. (See also Combat orders. . administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. Same. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order). and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. Advance by bounds. To move forward. sanitation. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. salvage. Adlninistrative order. military governmrent.-An engagement or battle. or both. train bivouacs. maintenance. quartering. burials. Administrative map. and other allied subjects. Same or administration map.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. Advance by echelon. construction. Adilressee. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. replacements.-An order covering administrative details. supply. Administration. such as supply and evacuation installations. traffic control. personnel management. No equivalent." It comprises: supply. main supply road(s). for the exercise of temporary control. Same. and evacuation. graves registration. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Advance command post. censorship.U. computations pertaining to movements.) Advance. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. such as traffic. Same.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. To make progress in the direction of the enemy.

000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. (See fig. sound. visual.-A term embracing Signal unit.-Advance toward.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. Aerial (or air) photograph. airplanes.-A security detachment which pre.-An establishment of the Medical De. pertaining to air navigation has been added.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. Same. loons. or airships. (See cedes the main body on the march. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. Aerial (or air) photograph. Advance section.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. the support of the advance 1. 1. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit).-Observation from bal.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. and wire communication. Advance party. Air area. Aid station. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. pigeon.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. (RAP) (in the case sorting. Aerial (or air) observation. tion to which the wounded are brought.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.Aerial observation. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers.) Advance message center.-A detachment that is sent out by. Advance on.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. Agency of signal communication.Advanced guard. Van guard. any kind of aircraft. units having organic or attached observation aviation.000).000. . signal intelligence. and messenger. fig. subdivision of the communications zone. and moves ahead of.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. radio. oblique (vertical).) Aeronautical charts. intended primarily for use in air navigation. signal supply. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500.

(13) Rear guard mobile troops. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). Figure 1.) (7) Advanced guard. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). O U. (11). S. S.o. (12) Rear parties of rear guard.S. Rear guard: (9).tU.S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L. ROUTE COLUMN ( U. (2). (4) Van guard. (6). . (10) Main body of rear guard.. (5) Main guard. (3). (8) (Same.-U.

Air superiority. arming. Alternate emplacement.-A state of readiness for movement or action.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. Aerodrome. Alternate firing position.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. including aircraft warning services. Alert. Same.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Alignment. Ambulance loading post.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. and maintaining military aviation units. Airdrome. Air superiority (or advantage). . Alternative position. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. information centers. Same.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.-A landing field. operating. Fighter command. Vigilant. Airborne troops.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line. Same. Air-landing troops. British Same. Alinement. Air raid warning system. pursuit aviation. balloon barrages. Aircraft warning service. Air defense command. antiaircraft artillery. Alternative site.-A warning system consisting of observers.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. Car post (CP). and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. An alarm warning.

Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. forces against attack from the air. or armored units.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). .-A system Royal Obesrver Corps.-The advance. graphs.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. employed to amplify orders and reports. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion).-A point established for the ad. Approach march. Antitank mine. sage of track-laying vehicles. Antitank ditch. to protect troops. Ambush.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. also. tables. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties). any device similarly operated. dispositions. as a bridge. maps.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. The route leading to anything. motorized. and establishments against mechanized. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. Antimechanized defense. sketches. or air attack is encountered.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. forms. Antitank weapons.-A route by which a place or position can Same. mission is employment against armored vehicles. S. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. front to rear and vice versa.-Orders.. overlays.IU. etc. It includes passive means of defense. To attack from such a position. installations.Anti-tank ditch. Annexes. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. defence Antiaircraft defense. Approach. Troops posted in such a position. be approached by an attacking force. Antitank mine field. Appendices and traces or annexures. usually in extended Same. charts. to the point of effective small-arms fire.

Local attack. includes corps.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack. Assault. Artillery corps. .-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. Same. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Artillery preparation.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. Artillery with the corps. assigned to General attack. Armored car. they may be fixed or portable. Same. local. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. division. Same.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. Artillery position.-Obstacles prepared by human agency.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. Artificial obstacles. Armoured car. general. platoon. Assault. section.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. Assault. company. it is called the "charge. When delivered by mounted troops.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Same. assault.-To reach a designated point or line. King's Regulations.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. and attached artillery. Armoured troops. Army Regulations. Armored force. Arrive. Refers to the head of a unit.

-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. 2.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit. named in the direction of contemplated movement. Auxiliary arm. Automatic supply.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. 10. (See also Exploitation." Same. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. fig. continuing. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry). p.-(Obsolete. 10. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). Ballistics. prior to or following combat. S. Assembly area.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. (See fig.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. Normal supply. Same. Attack. .-a. The grouping of units in areas.) Axis of signal communication.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. Exploitation. Axial road. p.) Unit "'under command. b. Balanced stocks.-The science of the motion of projectiles. Supporting arm.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. Attached unit.) (See Leading troops in attack. Attack.) (See Main supply road. forming up or concentration (b). The regular grouping.U. No equivalent. in close order. Assembly position.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement.-The leading echelon in attack.) Attacking echelon. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. of the elements of a command. 2.

) (9) Exploitation. Figure 2.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology). (8) (Same.) (5) (Same.-U. .) (6) (Same. S. (2) (Same.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). (4) (Same.) (7) Plan of attack.

-A group of obstacles. Beach defence. Barracks bag. Same. . Battle map. Beach defense. either natural or artificial. either stationary or moving.-The position of principal resistance in defense.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Base unit (or base of movement).-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Balloon bed.-Prearranged on a line or lines. Same. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms.-A barrier of captive balloons. Barrier.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. Beachhead. Kit bag.U.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. that block or restrict entrance into an area. No equivalent. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20. Same. S.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. Base area.-A map. Barricade. Base reserves. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. fire Barrage. No equivalent.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon.000. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). Barrier tactics. No equivalent. Same. 519636--43----2 Same. under the control of the commander of the theater. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Same. Base section. or both. Battle position. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. Same.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. usually applied to roads. for the theater of operations as a whole.

aircraft." Bomb-release line.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. To put into camp. Bound.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves.Same. ing an area. usually a group of letters.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. classes established in dumps on the beach. nature.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. when it strikes the ground. Bombardment aviation. and the other a center of impact which is short of. To establish a camp. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). Bridgehead.-The distance covered by a unit when ad. classified as "light. ing the enemy as to the existence.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. letters and numerals.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same.Same. Billets. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear.Same. used for radio station identification.-A signal.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. Beaten zone. Camouflage. ings. Boundary.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. Box barrage. Call sign. Same.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage.Same. or improvised shelter. Camp.-The difference between two ranges or Same. Bivouac.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. armoured formations shelter tents.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. . or location of material. a defended area over which a bomber.-A system of standing barrages enclos. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area." "medium. vancing in one of several successive moves. one giving a center of impact which is over. A temporary location or station for troops. Bracket. or military works. elevations. Breakthrough. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. the target. or of Code sign. troops." and "heavy. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command.

Same. No. and all communications. sickness. (See General Staff. Check concentrations. or desertion.-The middle point or element of a command. publications. Chemical cylinder. a powerful irritant effect. No exact equivalent.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. Chief of Staff. radio broadcasts.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. Hutment. they are applied to private communications.equivalent. Center.-A substance useful in war which. Same.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. Censorship. Poisonous gas. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. Cipher. Same. Casualties. Same. capture. discharge. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. Chemical land mine. Cylinder.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. photography. or an incendiary action. is capable of producing a toxic effect. Registration. detailed as such. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation. Same. .-The senior General Staff officer.) Chlorination.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. If the number of elements considered is even. wounds.) Chemical agent. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. the right center element is considered the center element. a screening smoke.U. Same.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. S. Casualty agent (chemical).-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. press dispatches.-Losses in numerical strength by death.

Circulation map. antitank mines. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. and coal. trucks.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Clear (in the). Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). Clothing (procured b d is RAO ). and chemicals. such as clothing. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. Same. gas masks. oil. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same.-A fuels and lubricants. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. Clearing station.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. Class I. Casualty clearing station (CCS).-To pass a designated point or line. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V).-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. excepting those of the first echelon. Circuit diagram.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. of all items. a newly formed corps.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. Class V. and instruments. radio sets. treated if necessary. tools.-The sending of messages. orders. (Formerly called "hospital station. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. . Class IV.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. pyrotechnics. fuel oil. such as fortification materials. and turned over to the army for further evacuation.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. Clear (verb).' Same. Petrol (gasoline). arms. will eventually belong to this corps. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. such as rations and forage. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). Same. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Diesel oil. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). Traffic map. sorted. Refers to the tail of a unit. behind the first echelon.") Close order. stations. construction materials. and machinery.

Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. or numbers. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast.Fortress command. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. ineluding such forward. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. Column. words. Collecting station.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. and rear security forces as may be employed. S. Coastal zone. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS).U. .-The whole area of the navigable Same.-A peacetime tactical com.-A point designated for the collec. waters adjacent to the seacoast. placed one behind another. only). Coastal frontier defense. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force. Coast artillery district. seacoast. Collecting point. Code. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. letters.Same.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-The organization of the Coast defence force. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping.-A naval force which may be organ. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense. Coastal frontier. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. phrases. flank. Coastwise sea lane.

corps. and supported by.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. etc. Combat outpost. as the Infantry.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. g.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group.) Combat zone. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. by the Army and Navy.-(See Unit loading. and air forces). Outpost.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. such as an infantry regiment.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. Combat orders include field orders. Cavalry. Combat team. . and a combat engineer company. Joint operations.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. It is divided into army. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. United States Combat echelon. Combat orders. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. a field artillery battalion. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). as by two or more allie§. after the outbreak of hostilities. and division areas2 Combined operations. Forward area. letters of instruction. covering any phase of operations in the field. land.-Military intelligence produced in the field. and administrative orders. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). or any two or more of them. Combat intelligence.-Oral. Field Artillery. Combat unit loading. Air Corps. Corps of Engineers. brigade group). the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. dictated..

has been issued to them.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. To order or exercise command. which can be communicated from one person to another.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations. Commissary. containing the lines of communication. . and local produce store (part of an institute. the establishments of supply and evacuation.-A motor vehicle. No equivalent. S. ration shop. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. Command post. Contagious disease. other than personal equipment.'U. the other two being combat and supply elements. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. One of the essential elements of -military organization. usually run by NAAFI). The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. Communications zone. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. Grocery shop and store.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. Commanding ground. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. Same.-A disease caused by germs. Armoured command vehicle (ACV). Advanced (or forward) HQ. (See Post exchange (PX). Command car.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. usually armed and armored. Commercial loading.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations.) Same. Communicable disease. Line of communications (L of C) area.

Multiple call. on mobilization.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. massed fire (c). Same. or defense. Conferene call. Contain. British trcetchor-bcarcrs.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. Concertina wire.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. c. Same.-To hold in place. cities. Same. Concealment. Same.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. b. Same. Company aid men. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. attack. Composite photograph. or bodies of water.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera. Same. woods. To restrain. No equivalent. .-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere. Containing action. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. Connecting group (or file. An assembly of troops in a particular locality. for training. To enclose. Same.-a.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. Connecting file. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. Same (a and b). Consolidationof position.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. Concentration. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Compartment of terrain.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation.

-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end. Contingent zone. adjacent contours. Same. To escort.-The act of supervising. Convoy unit loading.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. other than the normal zone. regulating. No equivalent. Same.-An area within the field of fire.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force. Same. Corridor. Convoy. To accompany for the purpose of protecting.) Cooperation. Coordination. Control point.U.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. S. or leads toward an objective. Cossack post. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions).' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. Controlled mosaic. Counterbattery fire. Observation post by day. Contour interval.-(See Unit loading. . and combining to gain the best results.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement. Counterattack. Same.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval. with a single sentinel in observation. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).. Vertical interval.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. 19 United States Containingforce.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. Same.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group.

Cryptographic security.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. Same. Coverage. attack.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. or any object affording such protection.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Counterreconnaissance. or from the trench board. Same.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. their proper use. and their careful protection. to the top of the parapet. Reserve supplies.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. or provide security for. Same. Credit. Cryptography. Counteroffensive. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). (See also Reserve requirements. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. Same. Same. Cover. Same. . Covering force (or detachment). Counterintelligence. No equivalent. Same. or by any combination of these methods.) Crest. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. another force or a locality.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. Same. Same. or defense. To protect. Counterpreparation. reconnaissance. The actual or topographical crest.-The summit or highest line of a ridge.

Defensive-offensive. Decision. strength report is included. Same.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day. Defense. Debouch. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. state of being defended. because of intervening obstacles. area.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. S. The act of defending. To conduct a defensive battle.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall.-The means adopted for resisting attack.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength.-To march from a defile. Same. Danger space.) Day of supply. Defence.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. or. Dead space.'U. Daily train.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. Intention (a).-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. To secure Defend. Danger area. Same. against attack.-To maintain against force. Dead ground. Same. Decode. and inshore of. Defended locality. A decisive outcome of a battle. and later to initiating an offen. one side being decisively defeated. Coast defence area. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram.) than a regiment). or other close country into open country. b. wood. Daily supply train. .-a. Defensive coastal area. sive in order to gain an objective.--(See Unit of fire. British Daily ration strength state. same (b). Daily wastage rate. Day of fire. Defense.-To translate a code message into ordinary language.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces.

Defensive zone. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. Defensive position.-A belt of terrain. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. within which. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy. Deferred message. harbor. No equivalent. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. Defensive sea area.Same. A battle position. Demonstration. .-A form of defensive action em. be traversed only on a narrow front. or sound.Same.-An attack delivered or a show of Same. or which restricts lateral movements. usually including the approach to an important port.-A message whose delivery to the Same.Intermediate position. Delaying action. tion and fire provided by a mask. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft.-Protection from hostile ground observa. obstructions. generally parallel Defended locality.-A portion of the coastal zone.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. to the front. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. Defilade. bay. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size. Delaying position. Defile.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.-A position taken up for the pur. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol.

classification. No equivalent. Directionof march.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. or salvage of supplies. Detached post.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. Same. issue. Direct pursuit. Discipline. Detachment.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. Depth. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. 23 United States Deployment. . Discharge. Direct laying. and forwarding of replacements. Development. or for the reception. Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Direct support.U.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. is facing at the instant considered. and including the envelopment thereof.-The direction in which the base of the command. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. Same.-An order delivered orally. Same. Same. Same. "In support. Depot.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Dictated order. whether actually in march or halted. in preparation for action. S.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. Detonator. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. storage. Same.-An organized locality for the reception.-To release from service. Deployment." Same. Same. classification. Pursuit. including the front and rear elements. British Same.

-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. or SP).-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. Movement to new position. Same. without hospitalization. the latter become distributing points.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Disposition." Distribution. or maneuver. Same." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. Dispersion of projectiles. division.-A slip or waterway. Distance. march. 1st Infantry.) Dock. such as "Class I Distributing Point. Distribution. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. Displacement. (AP). Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. to subordinate units or to individuals. United States Dispensary. Same.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another.-A place. for the reception of ships. as battle. . other than a depot or railhead.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. as between two piers. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. A delivery of supplies.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. Same. Same. (AP). 1st Division. Same." Dump distribution.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. dump (railhead) (unit).-Space between elements in the direction of depth.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. Distributing point. accomplished im various ways. or smaller unit. Dud. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. Dump.

-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. Same.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target.) Encircling force.-Troops. and reserve echelon. Emplacement. The various subdivisions of a headquarters.-To translate ordinary language into code. Effective range. Same. as service elements. such as the attacking echelon.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. ordnance. mat6riel.U. for a particular weapon. and medical units. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). S. Entrucking (detrucking) point. Same. No equivalent. British No equivalent (refers only to transport). Superimposed fire. such as forward echelon and rear echelon.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. effective results may be expected. generally different in character. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point.-One of the subdivisions of a command. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth. Entrucking group. engineer. In battle formations.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. (See Firing position.-The range at which. etc. . Embussing (debussing) point. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. Element. Enfilade. Same. Same. Emergency barrage. Enveloping force.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. To prepare a message in code. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. support echelon. meaning quartermaster.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. Encode.

Same. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. its credibility.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. Escortforce. or goods on a journey. Same. and information requested by other units. conduct a maneuver. United States Envelopment. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. that is. also. Appreciation of the situation. Same.) Evacuation. including the expression of his decision. Espionage. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. or formulate the details of a plan.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action. its accuracy.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies.-A body of armed men to guard a person. and its application to the situation. Same. (See also Situation. Assessment of value of intelligence report. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. Escort.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. of the terrain not under friendly control. sick.-That information of the enemy. Same. and wounded). Essential elements of information. avoid surprise. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. Estimate of the situation. prisoners of war.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. animals. . which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. persons. Evaluation of information.

Field fortification. and not the second-incommand. the second-in-command. "B" echelon transport. Same. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. generally. Same. Feint. A stratagem. Extreme range. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. reinforce- . often fixed as to direction and elevation. (See also Combat orders. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. in order to stop assaults.-For machine-gun fire.-Formerly. Same. Operation order (00). Field order.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender.) Extended order. Same. Final protective line. fuel.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. First-line ment. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat.) Filler replacement. Fixed line. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. (See also Attack. forage.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. To make a feint. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. Exploitation. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. is placed grazing fire.U. or both. Same. (See Train. greater than in close order. continuing. a predetermined line along which. A pretense. S.) Field train.-The maximum range of any weapon.

Same. plunging. United States Fire. Same. high-angle.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Same. Fire. Fire. Sweeping (or traversing) fire. Same. Fire.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets. observed.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Fire. overhead. Fire. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. . Fire. assault. oblique.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Same.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. Same. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Same. Fire.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire. traversing.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Same. Fire. Same. searching. Same. leading. or other linear target.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Fire on targets of opportunity.-Fire which is adjusted by observation.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. indirect. frontal. Fire superiority.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range. Same.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. Fire. Aiming off. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line. grazing. Fire. Fire trench. low-angle. Same.

Fire. .-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. alternate. Fire direction.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Fixed armament. First aid. S.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Same.-The combined fire of a group of individuals. Same Same. Fixed obstacles.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. Fire control.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. British Same. conduct of.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Firing position.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. Same. combined traversing and searching. Fire.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. Same. Same. Searching and sweeping fire. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. Fire. Same.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. Fire control. Same. Same. Fire. collective. Fire. classified as primary. Fire. Same. converging. destruction. at appropriate times. direct.U. Destructive fire. Fire discipline.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. Fire.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit. or supplementary.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. cone of. Same.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions.

Registration shoot.) Fire for effect. Anlly fire against a hostile target. without traversing or searching. Same.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. Flight. Foragers. To collect supplies for men and animals. Forage.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. direct pressure on a withdrawing force.) No equivalent. British Same. 1. flanking.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position.-Foodfor animals.--To regulate movement on the element in front. inaccuracies in the firing data. Fire. Same. or trial Same. inclusive.-The act of exerting close. battery. Fire. Same. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. (See fig. Fire. Firefor adjustment.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. distributed. fixed (concentrated) (point). Flank.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. Right flank is the right side. 5. by observation. (See also Check concentrations and Registration.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. Same. Same. Follow up. Follow. Flanking attack. other than for registration. Same. Fire on fixed line. p. Same. Same.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. when facing the enemy. or other unit. field of.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. Same. from the leading to the rearmost element. Flank guard (or patrol).-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target. .-The side of a command. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun.-Firedirected at a single point.

Same. A strong and fortified place. Formation. Same. A permanent post. or in any other designated disposition. Gait of march. Same. The line of contact of two opposing forces. in column.-The space. Front line. British Fort. Operation instructions. G-2. Same. or grenade. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. Same. or gallop. Frontage. in echelon. trot. G-4.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered.) Gait. Fragmentation bomb.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground.-Manner of forward movement of the horse.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). Same. Foxhole. Front. in any given situation. (See also Letters of instruction. G-3. Fragmentary orders.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. S. .-The direction of the enemy.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. the walk.-(See General Staff. The space occupied by an element. (See Shelter trenches. 31 United States Forced march. individual shelter or rifle pit.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. in width. measured from one flank to the opposite flank. No equivalent.U. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit.-The line formed by the most advanced units. bomb.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march.) Fragmentation. exclusive of local security. Anti-personnel bomb. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. Same.-Small. G-l. that is.

planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . Each sec(or the "A") branch. p. S-3. pars. be confused with G-3). within the continental United States. 4. reconnaissance. 97. and with the (See sec. War Plans lb and 2. Personnel. a fifth section. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). not assigned to armies or smaller units. G-3. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. . War Department. and fig. Groupment (Field Artillery). S-4. General Staff.-A tactical com. including the battalion (or equivalent unit).Same. ried on by independent bands. S-1.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. 94-95. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare.Group.-Irregularwar car. In units smaller than p.-All combat. and is not to 8. G-4. GHQ aviation.-An organization charged Same. S-2. Operathe "Q") branch).-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. pp. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. GravesRegistrationService. G-2. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. Supply. note Division of the War Department. 96. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. transport' aviation. VI. and No equivalent. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive.) the division. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. Intelligence.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. tions and Training.-A temporary grouping Grouping. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. General support.

-An opening in the deck of a vessel.--A term generally applied to air. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily. Specifically. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area.) Harbor. Heavier-than-air. S. by hand. Same. Harassing agent. annoy the enemy. etc. military and air forces. Hatch. . Harassing fire. of march. High oblique.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. raids.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. frequent small attacks.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. Hand sled. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.-To retain physical possession.Same. (See also Interdiction fire. Hold (verb). Harass. the image of the horizon. Head of column. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination. more Same. Same. Holding and reconsignment point. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. against attacks from the sea. it applies to a small sled on runners.-A chemical agent used to force Same. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. closely.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. Harbor defense.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). and to lower his efficiency and morale.U. armoured formations or units).-An oblique photograph that includes Same.

or equipment are identified.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. Immobilize. it is about 8 feet." Same.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. Indirect laying. Same. Same. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. Same.) Identification panels. Same. British No equivalent.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Initial requirements. Hospital station. Infiltrate..-(See Clearing station.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established.--Atermof measurement. Initial point (IP).-To tie down. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. In position. Actually.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire. To deprive of mobility. Same. Starting point (SP).34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . . Same. Minute. Forconvenience in estimating space. Ground strips. Individual equipment. Indorsement. Horse length. Incendiary agent. organizations. Identifications. a horse length is considered 3 yards. Inner harbor area. Personal clothing and equipment.

Toxic smoke. . Same. including the movement. coughing. S.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. intended for planning stragetic operations. Interdict. (See also Time interval.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. British Same. concentration. Same.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. Intermediate-scale maps.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing.) Intermediate objective.) Irritant smoke. Inshore patrol. (See also Harassingfire.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. Interdictionfire. and supply of troops.000 to 1:500. Intercept station.000. Sanme.U. No equivalent. Integrity of tactical units. Interval.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. Smnall-scale maps. Same.-The objective whose attainment precedes. and is usually essential to.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. Intermediate section. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. Interpretation of information. the attainment of the final objective. lacrimation. No equivalent.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. No equivalent. or both.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions.

Key point.--(See Combined operations.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit.) Liaison.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. 2. eye pains. as orders or communiques. Landingfield. Same. Lachrymator. Same. Operation instruction (s). Limiting point.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. Junction point. Lighter-than-air.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. Lacrimator. fig. Same or vital point. 10. affording observation and communication.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. Start(ing) line.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Same. To emerge or sally forth. Same.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Same.-A delivery of supplies. Same. Leapfrog. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations. Line of departure. Same. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement. To send out officially or publicly. as from a defile or fortress. Joint operations. p. Specifically. The supplies so delivered. British War diary. Letter(s) of instruction. Line. used to insure coordination between adjacent units.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50.-A tactical locality. though temporary.) Journal. Large-scale maps.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time.) (See .

) Litter relay point.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. Lung irritant. supply. Long ton.U.240 pounds avoirdupois. Low oblique. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. Same. Main attack. Courses of action or courses open.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation. supply. S. Local counterpreparation. Same. Lines of action.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. . Transport. Line route map. Main body. A command less all detachments. Ton.-The weight of 2.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Defensive fire.-The principal part of a command. waterways. and evacuation. Supply lines. Same.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. (See also Communications zone. No equivalent. Loss replacement. Main effort. Same. Logistics.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. Reinforcement.-The network of railways. Same.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport.-In each tactical grouping. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. and quartering of troops. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs. British Same. Same. Lines of communication.

though one side may be outlined. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. ordnance. mat6riel. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons.-That maintenance.). 14. 2 Base repairs (i. Maintenance.-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo.--Driver's maintenance.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. 3. maintenance carried out. represented. daily maintenance by driver). e. First-line repairs (i. 2 Manoeuvre. e.. note 1. other than first echelon maintenance.. R E.) Main artery of supply.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. second echelon.") Maintenance. 2 Third-line repairs (i. fourth echelon.-Movement so designed as to place troops. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). e. 2 Second-line repairs (i. Manifest (ship's). Main supply road. (Formerly called "axial road. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops).-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. (See fig. . maintenance carried out by base workshops). etc.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. Maintenance. third echelon. 2See p. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.. maintenance carried out by army workshops). e. first echelon.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area.. Maintenance requirements. Maneuver. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. or imaginary. performed by the using arms and services. Same. Maintenance. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC.

regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology). (2) Brigade reserve position.-U. S. Figure 3. . (6) Brigade reserve area. (4) Company sector.U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (3) Platoon sector. (5) Battalion sector.

Covering detachment. Movement graph. Means of signal communication. Same. woods. etc.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. . usually an intervening hill.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. Martial law. showing the relative size and position. pigeon. March unit. such as messenger. Same or table. or while regular outposts are being established. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. of the parts represented.) March discipline.-A graphical presentation of a march. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. No equivalent.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages.-March toward. Mask (obstruction). according to some given scale or projection. March outpost. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask. visual. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander. British Same or track discipline. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). (See also Security detachment. sound. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. or some part of it.) March table. radio.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. Maps.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. Same. March on. and wire communication.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. movement Same. Group.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. March graph. Same.

etc. S. par. documents. transmitted by a means of signal communication.) B.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. 190. Message center.) Military crest.U.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. Mechanized unit. tactical.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. photographs. reports. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. Meeting engagement. p. Message. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. (See app.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). maps.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. in plain language or code. Encounter or contact battle. and its further use. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. Receipt. Same. Memorandum receipt. is undesirable.) Mechanized cavalry. transmission. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions.000. Same or signal or despatch. Message. intended for strategical. Signal office. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning.000 to 1:125. therefore. Medium-scale maps. Crest. those handled by the military or civil postal service.. and those arriving by special messengers. Same. 2. .-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed.-A term which includes all instructions. Same. orders. local messages.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message.

information concerning a possible or actual enemy. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. Same. Same. Mobile armament. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps").-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. Same. Daily strength state. or theater of operations. Military information. gathered from any source.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. United States Military government. Same or task. .-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Mobile reserves. Military intelligence. Military Police. Minimum crest clearance. Same.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.-Information. Morale. Minimum range.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. Mine layer. tractor-drawn. and truck-drawn artillery. Same.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom. Mission. Mine planter.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Morning report. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. This class consists of railway.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. Mopping up.

Barrage. Nontoxic.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports. Same or motor unit. Neutralising fire.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit.-Not poisonous.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. Same. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission. Objective. Zone of fire. hampering or interrupting movement or action.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. streams.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time." "uncontrolled. swamps. such as deserts. forests. Mutual support. Neutralization fire. Normal zone. Same.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. in general. Normal barrage.-The support involving fire or movement or both. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Same (but with no definite time limit).-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. Multiple-lens camera.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome.U. Natural obstacles." or "strip. etc.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. . Same. Same. Motorized unit. and. Nonpersistent agent. classified as "controlled. mountains. Same." Motorization. Neuttalise. Neutralize. rendered one another by adjacent elements. 519636°--43----4 Same.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. Same. S.

and writing or printing. Offshore patrol.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. overlays.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. either natural or artificial. military symbols. observation of artillery fire. Officer of the day. or their order in the march column. Same. maps.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. Organizationalrequirements. and other important data concerning the objective. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. . approaches. Operation map. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. photographs.-Any device or feature. Orderly officer. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. Oral order. Observation aviation. Same. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. Same. for the study of objectives. to show location. defenses. courier. fixed or portable. Same. or drawings.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. (or sketch) Verbal order. British No equivalent. Obstacle.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. using conventional signs.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order.-The disposition of troops for a march. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance.-An order delivered by word of mouth. abbreviations. Observation post.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. and command. and liaison duty for ground units. Order of march.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. tactical or protective. charts. Operation map. etc. Requirements. for the observation of an area or sector. No equivalent.

-(See Unit loading.. field works. Overlay.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. Line of outposts. etc. as of artillery. 45 Same. occupied by the observation or outpost elements.) Organizationfor combat. Pace. Same. No equivalent.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Forward standing patrol.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned.-A step of 30 inches. To identify directions on the terrain. S. Same. the length of the full step in quick time. targets. Outguard. for laying over a map. Orient. enemy positions. on which various locations. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). Outpost. Same. are shown.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. (See Combat outpost. Rate of movement. Overseas operations. Outflank.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. To inform or explain.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. Expeditionary force. Outpost line of resistance.) Outpost area. British No equivalent.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. .-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. Same. Trace.U. to make another conversant with.

Party. in issuing his initial orders. Phase line. Park. Photogrammetry.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. Parachute troops. Patrol. and on. The act of patrolling. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. Leapfrogging. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. sometimes armored. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. Passage of lines. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. maintaining. Persistentagent.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes.-A motor vehicle. and in the occupation and organization of the position. and parking vehicles. Same.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. Same. in initiating the movement forward to position. Penetration. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. Report line. the battlefield. Same. or both. Same. . Same. common in northern countries. British No equivalent.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board.-A form of individual pack. Same. Same. Same.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. Personnel carrier.

-The text of a message which. 5. Army. Canteen or Navy. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. on its face. Picket. Plan.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. assembly. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. Pin point.-(See Assembly area.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. specifically for any military operation. No equivalent.) Position in readiness. Same. Post exchange (PX).-A scheme or design. (Point section of the) van guard.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered.-Obstacles capable of being moved.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. p. Piquet or patrol. standing Same. including.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. at least. as the basis for his orders to his command. . British Same. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. Photomap. S. (See fig.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted. Port of Embarkation. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Same. 47 Same.) Movable obstacles.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point.U. Position.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. Position of readiness. Portable obstacles.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. Point. 1. Same. a scale and a directional arrow. Photographic reconnaissance. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)).

48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). Protective obstacles. or the performance of several tasks.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. Provisional map.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. or other transport. Pursuit.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). working. Prisonersof war. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. the precedence of shipment.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Pursuit aviation. No equivalent.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. Same.-Definite rulings which establish.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. Same.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. road. water. in order of time.-(See Artillery preparation. . British Predicted fire. Same. Priority message. or instruction) is not interrupted. Precede. Fighter aircraft. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately). the movements of rail.artillery.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. drill. Primary firing position. It may contain form lines or contours. Priorities. Quarantine. Preparation.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission. Same. under quarantine.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. Same. classified as interceptor and fighter. Important message.

Same. Same or speed. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). 1st and 2d Divisions. to maintain contact with the enemy. 1st Division.U. directed against an enemy. Same. Rear guard. Same. 5. Range. usually by small forces.-The operation of searching for information in the field.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. A billeting party. Rear party.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. Same. No equivalent. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie. Ration cycle. Rallying point.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. An offensive movement. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). Same or rear patrol (See fig. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. The direction away from the enemy. Same. . effective (extreme) (minimum).-A point." "Ammunition Railhead.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest." Railhead distribution. such as "Class I Railhead. Harbouring party. Reconnaissance.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day.) Same. designated by a unit commander.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. R a dio-telephony (R/T). p. Raid.--Radio communication by means of the voice. No equivalent. Same. 1.) Rate of march. Reconnaissance patrol. S. Ration. Rear. or to observe terrain.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)).

3.-An individual who is restored or Same. strength of another body of troops. They are classified as individual. maintenance.-An individual available for assign. Reinforcements. and operation for a given period. 39. Refilling point. I Mosaics (verticalonly). maintenance. Repatriate. and reserve. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. lating station.Same.-An easily recognizable point Same.-An area in which the regi.-A traffic control agency estab. initial. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment.-The officer in charge of a regu. Regimental reserve line.-The computed needs for a military Same.) Regulating officer. p.Same.Brigade reserve area. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig.Reinforcement. 3. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. especially for combat purposes.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. 39. organizational. p.-A line designated to co.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.-Troops used to augment -the Same.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique).) Requirements.) Regimental reserve area. mental reserves in the battle position. a selected course. Replacement.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. ment. Replacement.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. to determine data for use in preparation of fire.Sector control. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. a supply point or estab.-Formerly. Regulating point. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. filler (loss). .-A series of overlapping ver.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. (See Supply point.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. Regulating station. (See fig.) Registration. returned to his own country or citizenship.

TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. Reserve (tactical)." Battle reserves are supplies. S.-a.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. Same. same (b). Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. Unit reserves. animal. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy.) Reserves (supply). is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. Reserve requirements. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition. Battle reserves. detached corps. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). Same. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. Retirement. b.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. .-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. British Indent (a).-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. (See also Credit. Reserves.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued.-(See Beach reserves.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements.-Those carried on the soldier. Reserve supplies.) Requisition.) Responsible officer. Same. beach. A request for supplies.U. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. Withdrawal. to attract the enemy in a desired direction. also designated as "reserve supplies.-Supplies accumulated by the army. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. Individual reserves.

-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. Same. Routes of communication. Same. United States Retreat. the presence of rail facilities.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat.-A movement to the rear. Withdrawal. To recover or save. and airplane landing facilities. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain.-A message requiring no special precedence. Same. S-1. The act of retreating. Rolling barrage. Same. Same. Road crater. Same. Routine message. Retrograde movement. navigable waters.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. Salvage. Road space.-Artillery fire on successive lines.-The collection of abandoned. Runner.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Same. S-s. Moving barrage. Same. Road block.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.--(See General Staff. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair.-A foot messenger. Right (left) bank of stream. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. S-3. Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. S-4.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Same.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. Same. captured. Property so collected. Reverse slope. Roving gun (Field Artillery).) Salient.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. . Same.

Screen. Arc of fire. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. and in reporting the results of observation.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. To act as a scout. Secondary attack.-The use or application of sanitary measures.-A man specially trained in shooting. Coast defence artillery. 2. Scout. p. . fig.-A section of terrain. S. (See Defense area. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. designated by boundaries.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. Same. 10. The body of troops used to screen a command. Schedule fires. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. Screening smoke.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber. Same. A man who gathers information in the field.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. Scout car.) Same. Secure.) Sector of fire. It includes both fixed and mobile armament.) Same. Same. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. in observing. on its face.) Secret text (or secret language).-(See Holding attack. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately).) Scheme of maneuver.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels.-(See Seize. (See Same (but without a cover).-The text of a message which.--(See Prearranged fires.) Sector.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. Message in cipher or code. in using ground and cover.U. 53 British Plan of attack.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation.

and in some cases against a continued bombardment. maintenance. communication. Same. over or short of the target. "Restricted").-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. equivalent to U. screen or cover from notice. Service train.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. light.) Service units (or elements).-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. To afford or provide shelter. by 3-inch shells.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells. . (See Train. S.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. placed under one commander for march purposes."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). That which covers or defends. Same. The protection resulting from such measures.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. Covering detachment.-To gain physical possession of. Security detachment. Sentry squad. To Protection. Supply units . preferably with the same march characteristics.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. No equivalent. and police of the larger unit as a whole. with or without force. evacuation. annoyance. Supply units. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. Shelter. construction. transportation.-Formerly. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. Same or cover.-One or more march units. Sentry post. No equivalent. Shelter. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. or surprise attack by the enemy. A screen. Serial.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security.) the enemy. Sensing. Seize (or secure).-Any form of concealment from view. heavy shellproof. Shelter. Judging. An outguard of one squad.

followed by an intention. followed by a decision. taken as a whole.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. ciphers. or by the solution of codes. Single-lens camera. by detection of secret inks. Same. Same (for formations below the division. Signal communication. They include such items as the positions. Signal security. Shelter trenches. etc.-All the conditions and circumstances. etc. strength.U.) British No equivalent.-The weight of 2. Situation. the weather. Same. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. light shellproof. Same. which affect a command at any given time.-(See Signal security. but contained ii) the formation operation order). terrain. (A consideration of these conditions. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells.) (Short) ton.) Signal intelligence. splinter-proof.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means. constitutes the appreciation of the situation).-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. except mail or direct personal agency.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. (See Foxhole.. Slit trenches. Short ton. and the possible lines of action. and on which its plans must be based. considerations of time and space. against splinters of high-explosive shell. S.000 pounds avoirdupois. armament.. and grenades. constitutes the estimate of the situation. and the possible courses of action. Signal communication security. Same (a consideration of these conditions. and the mission to be accomplished. Signal operation instructions. Same.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. and messages. .-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. Shelter. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. Same.

whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. in whose name all orders are given. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. Same. usually an expert shot. consisting of two or more flights.000. Small-scale maps.000. Same. has no authority to command.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations.000. No. Skirmishers. Staff authority.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. . and supply services.000 to 1:7.-Soldiers. British Situation map. Sniper. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. (or battle) No equivalent. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. (A staff officer. Ski troops. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. Same. Speed. No equivalent. Squadron (Air Corps). and certain technical specialists.-A soldier. usually Infantry. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. as such.) Staging area. Rest camp.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. All responsibility rests with the commander. equivalent. Smoke screen.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1. Same. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. technical.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. Same. technical. and supply functions.-Same as sleds. Special staff. It includes the heads of the administrative. Same.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps. dismounted.-A staff group. Same. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. Sledges. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors.-The authority exercised by a staff officer.-Troops. administrative.

-A soldier. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. Supplementary firing position. Same.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight.U. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Same. Stragglerline. Straggler. or an exposed sector of the front.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary.) Subsector. Standard operating procedure. Same. Same.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. Stragglers' posts. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. one of the subdivisions of a sector.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. S.-Formerly. No equivalent. Fire on a line.-A line. the defensive area of an infantry company. Strong point. (See Defense area. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. Strip mosaic. without authority from his organization. who has become separated. Same. Same.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. or streams. Same. No equivalent.--Usually. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. Stereoscopy. .-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. Stereoscope.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. railroads. Stereo-triplet. Stereo-pair. British Standing orders. Same.



United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.


Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.


G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5


British War Establishments.



Same. Same.

Same. Special force.


Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.



United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.


Same. Unit transport, echelon.


No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.






United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

Same. causing inflam'mation. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order.) Urgent message. lamps. "WT'alkie talkie. etc.-(See Contour interval. Unit replacement. Urgent call. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph. I~Tar Department intelligence. Unit of fire. British Replacement semblies. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. or oral. Same. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man. it may be a message or a field order. burns. bombs. grenades.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. Priority call. Same.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. Visual signals. and may be written. Vertical interval. panels.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order."-Colloquial.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. and destruction of tissue. Same. .-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like.-Signals conveyed through the eye. .-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. they include signals transmitted by flags. Same. 1Warning order.) Vesicant. serviceable unit assembly. heliograph.War Office intelligence. pyrotechnics. which is to follow. dictated. especially for a movement.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile.

-The originator of a message. company. Defence in depth.-One of a series of lines of foragers. British Same. Same.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. Zone of fire.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. 63 Same.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . Zone of the interior.. . etc. Line route.-One or more wire circuits. Wire entanglement. S. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. No equivalent. battalion. Wire line. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave. Same.U.). Zone defense or defense in depths. Writer.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible. mechanized vehicles. or more conductors. Same. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. Wide-angle photograph. Withdrawal from action. skirmishers.-An obstacle of barbed wire. Zone of action. Same. Front (i. erected in place on pickets. e.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. Cable route.

if these are lacking. door handle. S. S. with definitions. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . etc. equivalents or. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications.Section Ill. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. together with U.. window-winders. g.

an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. general Attack. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. machine guns.

Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker. case.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown . to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate.

British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. sea. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. duty status Operations carried out by land. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file .BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

masked or defiladed) ..strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .e. .68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i.) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration. (See Moving barrage.Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage.

Distributing point Supply point. (See Ammunition point. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point. S. 6.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. Petrol point. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift . destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S. Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .

(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain. with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .

Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy.

fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers .74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load.. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline. gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e.

(Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. S. third echelon Repairs. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. first echelon Repairs.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. fourth echelon Repairs. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. first-line Maintenance.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . in which case it is the Area Engineer. second echelon Repairs. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . second-line Maintenance. base Maintenance.

destructive Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle .76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. double-ended Spanner.

British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up. to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S.TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod .BRITISH.

"B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. tanks. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog.

British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . EQUIVALENTS. S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U.

Section IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. to Blitz. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . to Gong. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information.

etc. to Pleep Plug away.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. etc. to Peel off. to Prang. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. (U. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. S. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire.) . to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Perimeter track Play pussy. ropey evening. ropey type. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. to Pack up.

lean view. long-distance view. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. to Tee up. that is. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. poor view.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. to . etc. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. to take down a peg To prepare a job. flying slowly over an area. outside view. to Touch bottom. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. dim view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. "ropey" view.

endorse. 83 ." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. storey (house). Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. anaemia. encyclopaedia. labour. c. centre. the "re" (final) instead of "er". gaol (pronounced "jail"). e. organisation. signaller. neutralisation.Section V. harbour. grey. honour. metre. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. gramme. colour. f. levelling. behaviour. syphon. plough. axe. tsar. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". barque (boat). Miscellaneous: aesthetic. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. fibre. d. theatre. for example: a. Occasional "e" for "i. serjeant. prologue. enquire. cheque. draught. travelling. alarum. litre. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. organising." and "y" for "i": enclose. mediaeval. neutralising. briar. cyder. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. (automobile) tyre. programme. pyjama. b. epaulette. syren. and the "our" (final) instead of "or. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. catalogue. neutralise. good-bye.



There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British


Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion



b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for




American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.



b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d.Y British Monkey-nut. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. . Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. suite Geyser e. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. peanut Peanut spread Tart.

motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. patrolman. constable. mud-guard Petrol. mud-wing. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. automobile Coal oil. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. buffer Motorcar. Motoring Battery Bumper Car.

Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. flicks. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. bagman Green grocer h. . mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. here's your party." Information "Line's busy!" . Knave Cinema. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. flick Pictures.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. letters Post a letter Post box. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. films Picture palace.

tramcar. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. tram trolley) car The Underground. School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. street (or electric or Tramway. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . footpath Sidewalk Street railway. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- .

in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. 1942. When numerals alone are used to denote months. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. luggage van Cloak room. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. . left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van.92 m. 1942.) n. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. then the month. as 21 June. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. 1942. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van.

HEADQUARTERS. 1st (2nd. 1 STAFF.) Division. 10.Section VI. divisions corps. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. FORMATIONS. and fig.) Corps. par. 2c (3). 93 . APPOINTMENTS. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed.. 1st (2nd. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). etc. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. but cavalry (horse and mechanized). etc. 2 In addressing a headquarters. artillery. etc. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. 199). in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. Brigades. etc. g.) Cav Bde 1 (2. g. Army. etc. and groups of armies are formations. a. armies. and reconnaissance regiments are also units. GHQ First (Second. including addressing messages or correspondence. First (Second. p. the branches of the staff arc not included (e.) Infantry Brigade.) Army 1 (2. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. 1st Armoured Division.. etc. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. In general. p. etc. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. 200. etc. 1st (2nd. etc. 1st (2nd. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. S. etc. ABBREVIATIONS 1.) Army.) Cavalry Brigade. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use.

) Corps MA etc. 1st (2nd. Chief Signal Officers.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. RA 1 (2. 1st (2nd. .. 1st (2nd.) Corps RA etc. training. etc.) Regt RE 1 (2. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. etc. etc.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps.. etc. etc.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. etc. etc.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. etc. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc.. Staff Duties and Training Section." and "Q" only.) Field (Medium. CCRA. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. p. 1 (2." and "RAQ. .) Army Sigs 1 (2.) use the distinguishing letters "O.) . below. MA 1 (2. etc)." "I.) Div RA etc. (See notes 5 and 6. etc.) Fd (Med. Brigade Majors. intelligence. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. RA 1 (2. ment.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. First (Second. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals. CCMA. 1st (2nd. battalions.94 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd.1 (2. 2. Signal Officer in Chief.) Divisional Signals." Units (regiments. etc. and their Staffs. etc. etc. etc.) Corps Signals.) Army Signals. and CRA (see par.) Divisional Engineers. Regi. etc. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO.) Corps Medium Artillery. etc. and coordination in general. RASC 1 (2. )Divisional Artillery. Air GHQ b.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. etc..) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. etc. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section.) Corps Artillery." "RAI. etc.

Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). promotes him. Military Secretary. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Pay (A). and eventually discharges or buries him. weapons. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. Pathology. Movement Control. or oil. . 2nd Echelon. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. food. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. Hygiene. Judge Advocate-General (A). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). Medical and Surgical.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. (See note F. Camp Commandant. It enlists the soldier. Nursing. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. below. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. ammunition. Canrteen (Q). pays him. Personal Assistant. Chaplains (A). Printing and Stationery (A). The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. vehicles. ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Staff Captain. supervises his medical arrangements. Staff Captain. petrol (gasoline). At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. Dental. looks after his discipline and welfare. equipment. whether it be clothing. Hirings (A).

Railways.. DeputyAssistant-Adjutant... Second-grade staff officers are majors.. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. General Staff Officer." "02.. Light Railways.------General Staff Officer. ." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. First-grade staff officers. in general.. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2.. Supply (Q). Remounts (Q). Docks.. Survey (G).. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. Transportation (Q). COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. and there may be variations depending upon the situation).. Chief Engineer_ Commander. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade.. Works (Q). Veterinarv (Q). captains. see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown.. and not to the branch of the staff.. Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. third-grade. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters.. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI.. Major-General.. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and...96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A).. Inland Water Transport. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade ..Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer... Transport (Q).

Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.--------------Brigadier. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- . General Staff ------------BGS .

regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. National Guard. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . Regular and Territorial. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. as in the U. In the list that follows.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. b. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. which was very similar to the U. all of which have been mechanized. S. forces. however. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. therefore." It should be realized. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. the largest being the Territorial Army. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. that.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. S.

Ist and 2nd. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. of which this is the 2nd. that is. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . In this case.ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). now mechanized. c. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. are a part of the RHA. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). by the Royal Armoured Corps. 2/4 Hamps. At the present time. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. But when on parade with its guns. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. and not to any other regiment. . The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. below). which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). 10Now one regiment. formerly known as The Life Guards. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London.

(See also note 11. Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). . Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards).100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 .-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. above. A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards).) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments.

RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . has no number. No. the last to be formed. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. Each regiment received a number as it was formed. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). The Rifle Brigade. These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. beginning with The Royal Scots. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. No. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment.

The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex . Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19). The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37).102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33).

. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).. when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments).ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45). . The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs.'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50).The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71). When serving under the Army Act vi. when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). the Duke of Albany's) (72). e. e. they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).

. Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___...104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number)..-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps .. Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h..... Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -. Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC). Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i. Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service............... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------.

etc.) Field Artillery Signal Section. No.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. Armoured Divisional Signals. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. 1 (No. RA -----------A/E Battery. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. etc. No. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . RA 17th Medium Battery. 1 (No. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. etc. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. 2. 1 (No. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. 2. etc. etc.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. etc.) Squadron. 2.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c.

etc.... MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e.. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f.) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --. etc. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------..) Fd Amb 1 (2. etc.) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2.. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl .. etc..... Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col . Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------..-.106 BRITISH. etc. etc...... etc.) Gen Hosp 1 (2.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec .) CCS 1 (2. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----..

Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---.) VES i. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area)..... however. etc.) Pro Coy 1 (2.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2. Mounted men... Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron .8 . "Bus" (as distinct from MET).-.. All arms (used in conjunction with COL). etc.. Bivouac.. 1 (2....) Mob Vet See 1 (2. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation. not in action. The most usual requirements are.. 5196336--43 -. Bridge. Cancel last message.) Pro Sqn 5. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required.ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g... etc.-..Inf Bde Ord Coy . All artillery... etc. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns.. Armoured cars..

. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Tank. C. Open. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Railhead. Tracked vehicles. Wireless station. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Siding. Engine. Defended post. Guns in action.) Trench. Civilian or refugee traffic. Tent. Horse-drawn transport. It represents abbre- . Ranging point.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Single-engine aircraft. B. Pontoon bridge. CNO Reference point A. etc. etc. Railway train (complete with engine). but not firing. Warships. Target moving. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. Machine guns. Steam not up.. Guns now firing. Column. RFB. River. Digging. No movement seen. Multi-engined aircraft. Horses. RFC. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. (e. g. Facing. Men. Mechanical transport. freight cars). has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Passenger coaches. e. 6. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Goods trucks (i. Track.

Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Auxiliary Air Force General List. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Advanced Air Striking Force. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Accountant Branch Officer. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Auxiliary Air Force. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). aircraft defence. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Automatic bomb sight. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Account. Assistant Beachmaster. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. or A/C or AC . Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent.) or Army. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force.

Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Army Co-operation Squadron. of Battle Squadron). Acknowledge. Administrative Commandant. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer.) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Back Areas. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Activity at (reconnaissance code). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Army Co-operation Command. Air Chief Marshal. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Accommodation. Assistant-Controller of Labour. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Aircraft carrier. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Anti-coastal motorboat. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Aircraft Carrier Squadron. South. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Air Commandant (see also A Ct). .110 AC (No.

Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). . Assistant-Director of Armament Research.

Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Assistant-Director of Material Production.. Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. . Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Addressed. Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Engine Production. The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service).112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Air Defence of Great Britain.

Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. . Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Admiralty (see also Adm). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Assistant-Director of Survey. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Advanced Dressing Station.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Remounts. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services.

Assistant Embarkation Officer. Armament. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Aircraft equipment (engines). Economy Cost Branch. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Aeroplane. Air Force Liaison Officer. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Aircraft equipment production. Airframe. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. etc. Air Force Medal. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Advanced base. Air Force Headquarters. Artillery Equipment School. Adjutant-General's Branch. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Admiralty Fleet Order. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Advance or advanced. Army filtration barges.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Air Fighter Development Unit. Armoured fighting vehicle. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage.). Advanced guard. . Army Field Workshop. engineer and signal scales.

Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Australian Imperial Force. Armaments Division. Air Liaison Section. Air Liaison Officer. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Aircraft Inspection Department. Searchlights. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Air Ministry Intelligence. Air Base. Assistant King's Harbour Master. Air operation. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Air Judge Advocate-General. Aeronautical Inspection Department. Aircraft interception. Altitude. Assault landing craft. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Air Marshal (see also AM). Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Ambulance (see also A). Advanced landing ground. Army Intelliegence Department. . Amatol (see also AM). air-to-surface vessel (radar). All arms (reconnaissance code). Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air Member for Development and Production. Royal Marines. American Liaison and Munitions. Airborne troops.

116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Australian Military Force. Operational Research Section. Air Ministry . Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Army Ordnance Field Park. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Member for Training. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Ammonal with charcoal. Air Navigation School. Advanced Operational Base. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Army Order or Accountant Officer. American Nautical Almanac. Alteration order form. . Assistant Military Landing Officer. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Air Member for Personnel. Amphibian (see also A). Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Air Ministry Order. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Assistant Military Secretary. Army Ordnance Workshop. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat.Experimental Station. Air Mileage Unit. Annexure. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Army and Navy Stores. Ammunition. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Adviser. Air Observer School. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Air Officer Commanding. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot.

(projectile) capped. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Approximately Appendix. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Army Plotting Room. . Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Air Publications and Forms Stores. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Aiming point. Anti-personnel (bomb). high explosive. Armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing (projectile). Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. Naval. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing tracer. Army Physical Training Corps. Army Printing and Stationery Services. Armour-piercing. capped with ballistic cap. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Armour-piercing. chemical warfare (gas bombs). capped with ballistic cap. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Air Personnel Department. Air Production.

Angle of sight (see also A of S). Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. Airship. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Armoured car. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Ammunition. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Army Stores Issue Ship. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. sulphide azide. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Admiralty Research Laboratory. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Air Stores Park. All artillery. Ammunition and stores. Army Routine Order. Armament. Artillery reconnaissance. Artisan Works Company. Armoured. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Armament Production Progress. Ammunition Railhead. Air Raid Warden. styphnate azide or antimony. Artillery. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Armament Production (see also Armt P). Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Aeroplane Repair Section. Airman or Airmen.

Aircraft Storage Unit. Australia or Australian. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Advisory Service on Welding. Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Assistant to Director-General. Armoured Unit Initial Training. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Auxiliary Services Officer. American Technical Liaison Officer. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Army Training Instruction. Automatic or self-loading. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Air Vice-Marshal. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade).ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Air Training Corps. Auxiliary Fire Station. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Attached. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Assistant. Army Training Memorandum. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Assistant Chief Overseer. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Assisted take-off. Army Troops (see also AT). of . Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Australian Steam Test M. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Research and Development. Armoured vehicles. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. All up weight (gross weight). Naval Development and Production.

BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BASW British Army Staff. BALCAP or BALL. BAM British Air Ministry. Anti-zeppelin. Washington. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). BAL Ballistics (see also B). Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. Bde Brigade. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. Azimuth (see also Z). BAA Brigadier. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. CAP. BAO Base Accountant Officer. Ayrshire Yeomanry.Ballistic cap. Bdr Bombardier. bdr Bandolier. BDO Bombing Development Officer. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). Aircraft Warning Service. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. . BASFUZ Base fuze. BAB Blind approach beacon.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BB Bombs. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. Bart Baronet. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap.

Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. . Base and nose fuzed. Board of Trade. Branch Field Post Office. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). British Nautical Almanac. Boundary (see also bdy). Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. British Expeditionary Force. Bearing. Beachmaster (see also BM). ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Bomb. double ejection. British Manufacturing and Research Company. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). General Staff. British Height Correction. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Base Ordnance Depot. Bring forward. Balloon Production. British Naval Liaison Officer. Bombing and Gunnery School. Beyond light repair. Base fuzed incendiary. Baby incendiary bomb. Battle Headquarters. Battery Observation Post. Brake horsepower. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Base ejection. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). Battalion. Blown out. Base Ordnance Workshop. Brigade Major Royal Artillery.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection.. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). The Border Regiment. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). Brigadier. .

Base Personnel Staff Officer. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). British Red Cross Society. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Battle Squadron. Bridge or bridging or brass. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British standard weight.. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Battery. Battery Sergeant-Major. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Base Supply Depot. Base. Base Workshop. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Bomb release line. British Thomson-Houston. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Base Supply Airfield. British thermal unit (see also Btu). Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). British War Medal. Battery . Beeswax. Brigadier. . Royal Artillery. Buckinghamshire Battalion. British Warrant Officer. Brigadier. Blohm & Voss. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). scissors type. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Broadside on. British Standard Fire. Brigade Routine Order.

Cambridgeshire Regiment. Royal Artillery. Calorific value. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Canteen(s). Cavalry. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Catering or catalogue. Chief Adviser. Research and Experiments.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Central Ammunition Depot. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Commander of Army Group. Calibre. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Class "CC. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Command Chaplain. Captain. Cartridge(s). Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Counter-Battery Officer. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. . Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical.

Contraband Control Service Office. Chemical Defence Research. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chemical Defence Research Department. Controller of Chemical Research. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Tank Design. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Coastal Command Development Unit. Casualty Collecting Post. Canadian. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Phosgene. Chief Flying Instructor. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Chief Chemical Inspector. Central Flying School. Commander. Commander. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chemical Defence Experimental Station. . Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Engineer. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief of Combined Operations. Commander. Chaplain to the Forces. Chemical Defence Research Paper. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH).124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Chemical Defence Development. Royal Artillery. Chief Superintendent. Casualty Clearing Station. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Corps Medium Artillery. Command Dental Officer. Capital finance claim. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman.

Naval Ordnance. Chain home beam. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Chief Instructor. Cast iron. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chaplain. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Chief Inspector. Chain (Station). Fire Control. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Fire Control Instruments. Command Headquarters. Corps Routine Order. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Chief Instructor. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Controller-General of Economy. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Cheshire Yeomanry. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Military College of Science. . Clearance head space. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Controller-General of Munitions Production. Commander-in-Chief. Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Chain (Station). Chief Inspector. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Engineers Signal Stores. The Cheshire Regiment. Controller-General of Research and Development. Chief Inspector of Accidents.

Central Interpretation Unit. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Central Ordnance Depot. Column (see also col). Chief Naval Representative. Chief Maintenance Officer.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Chief of Artillery. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Corps of Military Police. Michael and St. Centimeter height finding. Closed (reconnaissance code). Contracts Liaison Section. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Close Support Troop. Corrected mean time. Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. . Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Combined Operations Development Centre. Common nose fuzed. Care and Maintenance Party. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Column (see also coin). Coastal motorboat. Companion of the Order of St. Column (reconnaissance code). Close reconnaissance. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). George. Central Medical Establishment. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Captain of the Fleet.

Counter-preparation. Commanding (see also Comd). Common-pointed capped (projectile). Coventry Ordnance Works. Command Post Officer. Construction. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Committee or commission. Corporal. Commander (see also Comd). Correction. Coordinate or coordinating. Cordite. Cycles per second. Cordite. Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. original type. Chief Ordnance Officer. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Contractors' Purchases Record Office.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Cordite. Concentrate or concentration. Controller of Physical Research. . Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. modified. Commodore. Commandant (see also Comd). Controller of Projectile Development. Company. Communication(s). solventless cooler. Cotangent. Cosecant. Composite or component. Cordite with carbamite.

Commander. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines).128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Royal Engineers. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Consultant. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. . Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Radiological Inspection. Chlorsulphonic acid. Corps Routine Order or. Commander. Chief Superindendent. Armaments Design. Chilworth smokeless powder. Company Sergeant-Major. Counter-sunk. Course setting bomb sight. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Commander. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Projectile Development Establishment. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Civilian Repair Organisation. Chief Superintendent. Cathode ray tube. Calibre radius head. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Royal Artillery. Chief Superintendent. Armament Supply. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Royal Army Service Corps. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Central Storekeeping Office.

Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Coast Watching Post. . Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Controller of Tank Development. Dental Branch Officer. Central Trade Test Board. Continuous wave. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Chief Works Office. Chemical Warfare Troops. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Debussing (Point). Communications valves or closed vessel. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Carton. Communications Valves Committee. Corps Troops (see also CT). Chief Examining Officer. Chemical Warfare (Service). Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Royal Engineers. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Convoy. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Hundredweight. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station.

Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Army Kinema Service. Director of Army Postal Service. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Director of Air. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Director of Aeroplane Production. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Director of Aeroplane Production Works: .130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Air Materiel. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Deputy Adjutant-General. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison.

Director of Civil Research and Production. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Deputy Controller. Distance control. Distant control boat. . Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Director of Armament Supply. Deputy Controller. Royal Engineers. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Director of Contractors' Purchases. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Armament Development. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. General Research and Development. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Director of Balloon Production. Director of Armament Production. Dive bomber. Deputy Chief Engineer. Director of Bombing Operations. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Deputy Chief Accountant.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Deputy Commander. Construction and Regional Service. Director of Canteen Service.

Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Design Department Guns. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting).132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Design Department Carriages. . Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development).

Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Operations Division. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Director of Docks Service.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. .

Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Signals. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Vehicles. Defence electric light. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Director of Engine Development and Production. . Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Declination (see also D). Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deputy Director of Technical Training. Decontamination. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Weapons. Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools).134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories.





Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.



District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI


Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Directional radio. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Diphenylamine. Double parachute link. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Director of Public Relations. Director of Pre-Entry Training. Director of Pathology. Distant-reading compass (German). Director of Quartering. Canadian and American. 10 . Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Depot.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Postal Services. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Physical Training and Sports. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Director of Works. Director of Press Division. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Director of Personal Services. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Director of Prisoners of War. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Remounts.

D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production).140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. Director of Tank Production. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). Director of Railways. Director of Radio Production. DWAAF . D Sal Director of Salvage. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DSO Distinguished Service Order. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DSR Director of Scientific Research. Director of Transportation. Director of Technical Training. Duty steamboat. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Director of Road Research Laboratory. Director of Survey. Director of Torpedoes and Mining. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design).

Electrical Engineer. . Equipment Branch Officer. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Enemy aircraft. Earth-filled saturation (degassing).. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). The East Lancashire Regiment. Extended Defence Officer. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Director of Warlike Stores. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Enemy bomber. Equivalent constant wind. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Equivalent full rounds. Explosive incendiary bomb. Echelon (see also E). Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Engineer-in-Chief. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Elementary Flying Training School. for Gallantry). Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Director of Explosives.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. e. Equipment and Accounting Training School. Director of Weapons Production. Equivalent full charges. Exchequer and Audit Department. Electric light. External Ballistics Department. Extended Defence Commander. Equipment Depot. Dropping zone (paratroops). Experimental Demolition Establishment. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Empire Gallantry Medal (i.

Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Embarkation Medical Officer. Electric and Percussion. Equipment Officer. . Engineer Stores. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Extra-mural. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Employment. Emergency Transport Pool. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. East Riding Yeomanry. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Emergency Powers Committee. Elevation/range. Entertainments National Services Association. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Equipment. Engine Repair Section. The Essex Regiment. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Engine Production or engine propellants. Engine Room Assistant. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Electric Light Officer. Electric Light Observation Post. Engineer Vice-Admiral. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s).142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Establish or establishment. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan.

Forward Air Support Link. Forced landing. Fleet Dental Officer. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Fleet Accountant Officer. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Fighter dive-bomber. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Field Ambulance. Fire Control Plotting Board. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Forward area sight. Farrier. Fighter Development Unit. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Fleet Construction Officer. Field Company. Facing (reconnaissance code). Field Bakery. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Fleet Engineer Officer. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fire Control.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Field Ammunition Dump. Field Squadron. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Fire direction table. Fleet Aviation Officer. Field Brigade. Field Hygiene Section. Field. Free aerial mine. . Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Fire Control School. Field artillery tractor. Fleet Adviser on Education. Field imprisonment. Field Battery.



BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.


FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.


FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).


Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..


ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC


Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

High angle upper deck. Haversine. General Staff Officer. Geographical Section. Grade 2 (see also G2). Hallamshire Battalion. General Staff Officer.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. York and Lancashire Regiment. Heinkel. High current density. General Staff Officer. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). 4th Queen's Own Hussars. Head and breast (telephone set). Grade 3 (see also G3). High-altitude bombing. Greenwich sidereal time. armour-piercing. Hussars or hygiene or height. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Head. General Staff Officer. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. Horse. . Training. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. Heavy anti-aircraft. The Honourable Artillery Company. High angle. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). 13th/18th Hussars. 14th/20th Hussars. General Staff. Hexachloroethane (smoke). The Hampshire Regiment. Heavy bomber. High explosive. High explosive. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. armour-piercing incendiary tracer. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. Grade 1 (see also Gi). or mark). 7th Queen's Own Hussars.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. Glider Training School. label.

High explosive time fuze. His Majesty's South African Ship. Herefordshire Regiment. Heavy Glider Training Unit. Head of the Research Department. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. High explosive tracer. Mustard gas and lewisite. High explosive incendiary tracer. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). . High explosive substitute (or shell). Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. His Majesty's Canadian Ship. Hertfordshire Regiment. His (Her) Imperial Highness. Hospital. Hexagon. Howitzer. Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. High frequency detector. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). Hirings.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. Hotchkiss (ammunition). Height observed (observed altitude). His (Her) Imperial Majesty. His Majesty's Australian Ship. High frequency radio telephone. High explosive graze fuze with delay. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High frequency (in combination). High explosive graze fuze. Highest possible score. His Majesty's Indian Ship. High frequency oscillator. Horses (reconnaissance code).

HV Heavy. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. HSL Viscous mustard gas. inspection aircraft. S. HQ HQASFETO. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. "I" Intelligence Officer. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. USA Headquarters. HRS Haenschel. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. . USA Army. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. Base Area. High terminal velocity. European Theater of Operations. USA). USA Headquarters. Royal Artillery. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. Services of Supply. Infantry (tank). IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. U. Headquarters. HQMA HQSOSETO. Army Service Forces. Army (now HQASFETO. HTV High velocity. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. HQRA Hour. S. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. Hard strength brass (or bronze).150 BRITISH. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. U. HQBA Headquarters. IARO Indicated air speed. European Theater of Operations. HSB High speed launch. Army. Headquarters. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. sextant (sextant altiHS tude).MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). Headquarters. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . HQETO. European Theater of Operations. S. Medium Artillery. U. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level).

Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Inspection Instruments. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Indian Medical Service. Indian Army (see also IA). Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Imprisonment with hard labour. Information or informed. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). . Igniter's safety fuze. India or Indian. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Indicating Net Defence. Identification friend or foe. Indian Hospital Corps. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Imperial Defence College. Maintenance. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Inspection. Inspection Materials. Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. United Kingdom. Inspector-General. Inch. Instructor of Fire Control. Coast Artillery. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Incendiary. Inspection Marine Craft. Imperial Chemical Industries. Inspection Mechanical Transport.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Indicator Loop Station. Infantry.

Inspection Stores Engineering. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Judge Advocate-General. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Isle of Wight. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Initial Training Wing. Inspector. Staff (Operations). Inland Water Transport. Inspection note. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. type A. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Instructor (see also Instr). India rubber vulcanized. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Intelligence (see also I). Inspection Stores or Instructor. Royal Artillery. Instrument Production. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Installations. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. . Initial Training School. Intelligence Officer. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Irish Republican Army. Instruction for Practice Seawards. Royal Engineers. Instructions to proceed. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Joint Intelligence Committee. Joint Intelligence Staff. Inter Service Information Series. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Intelligence Officer.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Instantaneous. Inspection Stores Works. Inspector. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer.

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. King's Regulations. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). George.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Pound (monetary unit). Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. Light Aid Detachment. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Knight of the Thistle. Knight. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Kite Balloon Section. Legal Branch Officer. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Patrick. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. King's Harbour Master. Knight Commander of the Order of St. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. Light anti-aircraft. 16th/5th Lancers. Knight of the Garter. Kensington Regiment. Light automatic or lead azide. Michael and St. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Junction. Junkers. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). King's Norton Solution. Ethyliodoacetate. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). 17th/21st Lancers. Kilocycles. Knight of St. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. .

Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft tanks. Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft infantry (small). Lift and force (pump). Landing craft barge (dumb). breech mechanism. Local apparent time. Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Land Defence Force. Landing craft personnel (ramped). Landing craft support (medium). Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Leicestershire Yeomanry. Landing craft personnel (large). Landing craft assault. Landing craft infantry (large). Landing craft flak (barge). Landing craft. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Landing craft support (small). Latitude (see also L). navigational. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Lance-Corporal. Landing craft personnel (small). Labour or light bomber. Pound. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Low frequency. Landing craft flak. Lever. . Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Leader. Lower Establishment Division. Landing.154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft support (large). Pounds per horsepower hour. Landing craft personnel (medium).

LH Local hour angle. LHA(E) Library. LP Lord Privy Seal. Logarithm. LSD Landing ship (gantry). LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LMT Longitude (see also Long). Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LHA Local hour angle (east). LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LRB Long Range Desert Group. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). LMG Local mean time. LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. Loyals Low power or local purchases. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service).) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). LPS Light railway(s). LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Light machine gun. Long The Lothian and Border Horse.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LR London Rifle Brigade. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LS Landing ship dock. Lovat Liquid oxygen. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LGA Limbered general service wagon. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LO Left out of battle. Lothians Lovat Scouts. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand.

Medical Branch Officer. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Link Training Instructor School. Lieutenant-General. Landing ship infantry (medium).. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Local Technical Committee. Landing ship infantry (large). Master-at-arms. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Landing ship (stern). Light. Long wave. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Landing Zone. . Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Lieutenant-Colonel. Light warning (portable). Low velocity. Motor Ambulance Convoy. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Low temperature annealing. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Low water ordinary spring tide. Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. (See LSgt). Supply Service. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Light warning (vehicle). Landing ship infantry (small).156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Low tension (voltage). Left Section. Landing ship (personnel). Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Low temperature treatment. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Military Air Defence System. Magazine or magnetic. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies.

MD MDG Medical Director-General. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Member of the Order of the British Empire. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Mine Depot or message-dropping. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. Manager of Engineering Department. Major. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. Mech Med Medium or medical. Medical Advance Station. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. md Mean difference. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. Met or MET . Manning Depot. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. Motorcycle machine gun. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. The Manchester Regiment. MCS Mine Control Station. Motor anti-submarine boat. MCH Maximum ceiling height. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. Major-General (see also MG). Ministry of Aircraft Production. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. Megacycles. Motorcycle. Middle East or military engineering. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code).

Military Mounted Police. Motor gunboat. Ministry of Home Security. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Minute. e. Military Forwarding Officer. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Mineral jelly. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Method of filling. Major-General. Military Foreman of Works. Medium frequency. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s).. Military Field Photographic Section. Major-General in charge of Administration. Medium machine gun. Miles in the hour (speed). Mark (i. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Master of the Fleet. Military Intelligence Officer. General Staff. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Major-General. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Military Foot Police. Military.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Major-General. Military Intelligence Service. Mobile Veterinary Section. . Royal Artillery. Mine laying aircraft. Manual of Field Engineering. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Mobile or mobilisation. model). Military Intelligence or malleable iron.

Material Production Liaison Officer. Medical Receiving Station. Military Training Pamphlet. Mortar. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Miles per gallon.159 Ministry of Supply.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Miles per hour. Two-man torpedo boat. Motor or motorized. . Military Provost Staff Corps. Mountain. screws. Machineable quality. Mounted. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Mean' point of burst. Nuts. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Motor torpedo boat. Mean sea level. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. MTSD MU my or MV . Medical Officer of the Guard. Message picking up. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. and bolts. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Medical Technical Orders. Muzzle velocity. Metres per second. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Military Personnel Research Committee. Maintenance Unit. Meritorious Service Medal. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Mounting. Mine-Sweeping Group. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Main Supply Depot.

NFP Night-fighter plotting. Nitrocellulose. National Defence Research Committee. Not fair hit. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Nitrocellulose tubular. Non-Comissioned Officer. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Newfoundland. Minor War Signal Station. Netherlands East Indies. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. No break (contact).160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Navigation Instruction Officer. Natural Navigation. Non-ferrous metals. Naval Control Service Instructions. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). etc.) Sea Lord. Non-auto frettaged. Naval Aid to (1st. Non-delay. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Naval Control Service Officer. Army and Air Force Institutes. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Navy. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Naval Equipment Depot. Non-Combatant Corps. Northeast. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Nursing Auxiliary Service. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Naval Armament Supply Officer. . Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order.

Not in vocabulary (stores. Flashless propellant. Naval Exchange. New Zealand. contrary to regulations). Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). North Somerset Yeomanry. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). No sound back. Nose instantaneous. Not recorded. Naval Ordnance Department. Nautical miles. Naval Liaison Officer. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Nose instantaneous rod. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Night reconnaissance. Nobel rim neonite. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Naval Land Equipment. Normal temperature pressure. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Naval Law Branch. Not known. Number. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. Naval Transport Officer. National Rifle Association. Naval Officer-in-Charge. particularly clothing. Not timed or night tracer. Northwest. Night trace flame trace. North Irish Horse. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Nitroglycerine. .

Ordnance Field Park. Out of service. Officer Commanding. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Divisional Signals. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Royal Marines. Oblique photographs. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Royal Army Service Corps. Operations (see also Ops). Officer Commanding. Ordnance Depot. Operation or operating or operator. Officer Commanding. Open (reconnaissance code). Officer Keeper.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. . Observation post. Observation. Observer Officer (see also 00). Officer Commanding. Officer of the Watch. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer (see also 0). Officer Cadet Training Unit. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Officer-in-charge. Officer Commanding. On His Majesty's Service. Officer of the Guard or ogival. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Officer of the Day. Officer Commanding. Ordnance Board. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Overseas Liaison (Officer).

Observed velocity (i. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Operational Training Unit. Passive air defence. Operational Photographic Unit. e. Other Ranks Training Unit. Parachute troops. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. Over water (proof of projectiles). at 0 feet. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Official use. Plastic Armour Officer. Oxford. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Parliamentary Secretary. . Parliamentary Private Secretary. Ordnance. Operational Research Section. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Organise or Organisation. Officers' Training Corps.ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Parachute and cable.. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Paragraph or parachute. muzzle velocity). Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Pathology. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee.

Photograph or photographic or photography. Principal Establishment Officer. Production.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Port Detachment. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Partial detonation or projectile development. Telephone (see also tel). Provisional condemning (limit). PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Production Engine Accessories. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Petrol (gasoline). Canadian and American. Physical. Pigeon. Production Development Station. Postogram. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Production Development Executive. Proof and Experimental Officer. Pounder (see also por and PR). Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Public House (Inn). Park. Period delay mechanism. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Phosphorus. Infantry Anti-Tank. Photographic Officer. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Projector. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR).

Principal Medical Officer. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). oil. Regimental Institutes. Paymaster. Pioneer. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Principal Military Landing Officer. Post Office. Principal Private Secretary. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Petrol Point or picric powder. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Petrol Railhead. Plain language. Paymaster-in-Chief. Provost. Powder metal-lined (case). Phonogram. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Publications Liaison Officer. Public Relations Branch. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Pilot Officer. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Press and Publicity Officer. President. Position. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Port of London Authority.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Petrol (gasoline). President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. and lubricants. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Principal Officer. . Position line. Merchant Marine.

Please turn (page) over. . Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Secretarial and Finance Branches.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Point. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Porton. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Post War Signals Station. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Pyrotechnics. Paravane. Pay. Physical Training Officer. fine. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Housing signal. white. Publication. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Physical Training. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Graduate. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Printing and Stationery Service. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Police War Reserve. Pick-up truck. Postogram. Proprietory. Military Staff College. Quick firing or decoy fire. Paper. Quadrant elevation. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Private. Graduate. Prisoner(s) of War. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer.

Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Queen's Westminsters. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Light decoy. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Royal Artillery Survey. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Regimental Aid Post. Radio acoustic. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Army Ordnance Services. Quarter-Master-General. Royal Army Service Corps. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Royal Army Pay Corps. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Range and accuracy. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Supplies. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Regulations. Royal Air Force. Queen Victoria Rifles.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Range and direction as deflected. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Royal Australian Navy. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Royal Australian Air Force. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Army Medical Corps. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Research Development Photographic Equipment. Radio counter measures.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Research Development Engines. . Research Development Aircraft. Research Development Instruments. Road or round (of ammunition). Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Regional Development Officer. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development (Naval). Research Development Armaments. carbamite 3. Royal Canadian Navy. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development Communications. picrate 55. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. NC 21. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Repair Depot. Road junction. Royal Canadian Air Force. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Royal Cartridge Department. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Remote Control Office. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Research Development Marine Craft. Relief Driver Increment. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development.

Retired. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Royal Gun Factory. Royal Garrison Artillery. Reconnaissance float plane. River Emergency Service. etc. Reserve. Royal Filling Factory. Regiment or regimental. Royal Field Artillery. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. C. Recovery. Reference Point A (B. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Regulating or regulation. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Research Development Technical Investigation. Recruiting Centre. . Rifleman.) (reconnaissance code). Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Representative. etc. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). C. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Reinforcement (see also rein). Registry. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Range. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Reference. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling).) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command).

Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Royal Naval Barracks. Royal Indian Navy. Regimental Headquarters. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Indian Army. Railway Operating Division (RE). Rendering mines safe. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Royal Naval Reserve. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Raw Materials Depot. Rockets. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Royal Naval Officer. Reserve of Officers. Royal Navy. . Royal Ordnance Factory. Railway (see also Ry). Royal Naval Division. Render inert mechanism. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. signal. Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Royal Observer Corps. green. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Russian Liaison Group. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth).170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Military College. River (reconnaissance code).

The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Tank Corps. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Radio Production (American). Radio Production (Supplies). Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Right Honourable. Range table muzzle velocity. Research Report. Rendezvous. Regimental Survey Officer. Returned Stores Depot. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Royal Corps of Signals. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Radio Research Board. Royal Small Arms Factory. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Regimental Sergeant-Major. Research Technical Publications. . Regimental Starting Point. Repeated.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). The Royal Sussex Regiment. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Radio Production (Technical). The Royal Ulster Rifles. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Royal Scots Fusiliers. The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Range table. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). Rounds per gun.

Small Arms School Corps. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile).172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Small box-girder (bridge). Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Society of Automotive Engineers. capped. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Salvage. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Small arms rifle grenade. Squadron Artillery Officer. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Railway Telegraph. Single-axle drive. Small Arms School. Standard ballistic limit. South African Irish Rifles. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Shipping advice and delivery note. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Shilling (monetary unit). Senior British Naval Officer. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. South African Engineer Corps. Short aerial mine. South African Air Force. Small bomb container. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Royal Yacht Sqfadron.

NC 50. Special despatch rider. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Corps Medium Artillery. Signals. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Staff Duties and Training Section. Signal Equipment Design. Self-destroying tracer.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Slow-burning explosive. Second or security. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Smoke Curtain Installation. Propellant name. Single-engine fighter. . Superintending Civil Engineer. Scottish Horse. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Siding (reconnaissance code). Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Royal Artillery. The Duke of Albany's). Signal Distributing Officer. Security Officer. Supply Dropping Point. Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Stores Depot. approximate composition: NG 41. Staff Duties. Staff Captain. Second-in-command. Sub-Contracting Production. carbamite 9. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Section (see also X).

Service Flying Training School. Steam gunboat. Signal Officer.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Secret Intelligence Service. (See Sgt. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Shropshire Yeomanry. Sulphurless fine grain. Sergeant. Senior Intelligence Officer. Sine. Super-Heavy Artillery School.- . The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Sheet." which is official in the Royal Air Force. but the spelling "sergeant. Signals. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Signalman. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). is frequently used. Searchlight Commander. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Searchlight emplacement. Signals or Communications Officer. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Special issue. Signal. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Senior Gas Adviser.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Situation Report. Shrapnel. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Searchlight Directing Station. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade).

Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Safety in Mine Research Directorate.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Senior Medical (e. Supply Landing Point. Secretary of State or School of Survey. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. School of Aeronautical Engineering. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). School of Artillery. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Physical Training. Searchlight laying. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Scientific Liaison Officer. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Submarine (see also Sub). Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Superintendent of Mine Design. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Secretary. Organisation and Methods Division. School of Military Engineering. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Staff Officer (Liaison). Signal Operations Instructions. Senior Naval Officer Landing. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Testing device for RAF recruits. Sound locator. .' Selected Military) Officer. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Superintendent of Experiments. Senior Organisation Officer. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Senior Military Adviser. Staff Officer.

Squadron Sergeant-Major. Signalling projector. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Supply Refilling Point. Royal Artillery. Single-seater fighter. Special Duties Officer. Royal Marines. Squadron Officer. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Staff Sergeant. Senior Officer. Squadron. Support. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Royal Engineers. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Single shot. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Signals Research and Development Establishment. . Staff Officer. Stocks and Storage. Senior Officers' School. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Sector Searchlight Commander. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Sapper (engineer). Ship-born. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer.

Supply. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Standard time. The South Staffordshire Regiment. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Switchboard. Sepoy. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Supply Officer. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Station. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Supply Depot. Supply Point. Submarine (see also S/M). Small Vessels Pool. The South Wales Borderers. . Slightly unsteady. Super-sonic telegraphy. The East Surrey Regiment. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Statistics and Planning. The Suffolk Regiment. Standard wire gauge.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Strategical reconnaissance. Seater. Survey (see also SV).

Test and Development Establishment. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). Technical or technician. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Administrative training. Technical Division Memorandum Report. U. Torpedo Development Unit. Tank Design Liaison. Territorial Army Nursing Service. A. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Twin-engine fighter. Territorial Army Allowances. Tangent. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tank Board. Armament Officer. Tail delay 2 seconds. True air speed. S. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Text-Book of Gunnery. The Adjutant-General. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Tactical Control Officer. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Tank Delivery Squadron. Engineer Officer. Track (reconnaissance code). Traffic Control Post. Technical Detachment. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Tank Committee Liaison. Twin-engine bomber. Tactical reconnaissance. Tank Delivery Regiment. Thames Ammunition Works. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Tentacle. Trench (reconnaissance code).178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube.

Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Target. Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Troop or Transport. S. Time of despatch. Tail instantaneous. Tests of elementary training. Time of receipt. Teleprinter (U. Transportation (see also tpt). Time handed in. Time of burning. Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. Time of flight. . Telescope identification. Time fuze. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Tactical exercise without troops. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. sensitive. Training Manual. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Thompson machine carbine. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Torpedo and mine. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Tank Production Armour (code).ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Trailer. Time of origin. Town gas main. Technical Maintenance Officer. teletype). Tank (see also Tnk). TNT beeswax. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Telephone exchange. Temperate land scheme. Tank (see also Tk). Tail instantaneous. Threads. Telegraph or telegraphic. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge).

. Unexploded Bomb Committee. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Tube. Troops. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Twin-seater fighter. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Trooper. Terminal velocity. Tank War Office Liaison. small arm. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter.180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Their Royal Highnesses. Torpex. . Telecommunications Valve Committee. Trumpeter or transporter. Signal Officer. Unit Equipment Table. Underwater electrode potential. Transported. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. Temperate sea scheme. e. Tank Supply Liaison. Training. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Union Defence Force. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Goods trucks (i. United Kingdom. Universal call (switchboard). percussion.

Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Very high frequency. Variable elevation beam. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. . e. Vulcanized in rubber. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Volunteer Officers' Decoration. e. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. oral). Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Unit Landing Officer. Unserviceable (see also U). Message of which no record is kept.. Vertical interval.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Victoria Cross. Vickers diamond hardness. United States or unsteady start. Visual indicating equipment. Volume moisture. orally) to signaller. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). given either written or verbally (i. Vice-Admiral Commanding. Vehicle. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Vickers-Bertheir. Verbal (i. Very low frequency. Very mild explosion. Valves for Oliphant. Unexploded bomb.. Veterinary Evacuating Station. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Veterinary (see also V).

Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. The Welch Regiment. Watch correction or water closet. Woolwich adjusted charge. Wing Officer. Vertical photograph (or photography). percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Wing Commander. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Volunteer Reserve. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Wing. Warships (reconnaissance code). Visual telegraphy. Wing Artillery Officer. Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Warning telephone. electric. War Department. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Visual signalling. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). War Establishment Table(s). Velocity/pressure. Week ending. Investigation Section. Vent. War Establishment Committee. Veterinary Officer. Warwickshire Yeomanry. or percussion (tube). With effect from. War Establishment(s). sealing. Velocity of adjustment. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Wireless electrical mechanic. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Western Approaches Tactical Unit. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. NC 65. Vulnerable point or vent.

Signifies experimental failure. Extended Defence Officer. g. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own).000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. Expanded metal. Yorkshire Hussars. Yard. Women's Land Army. White phosphorus. Women's Royal Naval Service. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). The Worcestershire Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Yard(s) (e. Yorkshire Dragoons. War Registry. Weapon training. 9g.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). Explosive(s) or section(s). e. Workshop. Class 1 (2). War Intelligence Committee. War Office or Warrant Officer. Warrant Officer. carbamite 2). Wagon Line Officer.. M/Je. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. . The York and Lancaster Regiment. Warships Production Superintendent. Wireless Operator Unit. Women's Voluntary Service. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. Cross road(s). NC 65. Works.. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). 1. Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). Wireless School. Propellants and charges. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). Withdrawn and replaced.

Zone watch. Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). . Zone position indicator. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. Lead azide and CE. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Wireless Interception Service.184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed).

At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. at the end of an abbreviation. may indicate a plural form. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. at the end. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . which is. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. factories. Anywhere .in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. at the end.ABBREVIATIONS 7. at the end. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). often means development or design or defence or Department. usually means Officer or Order. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. however. usually indicated by s.


Other matters. etc. (5) "Not to be published.13 S. such as code words. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category.Appendix A. CATEGORIES a. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret. etc. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means.. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like." (2) "Secret." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). Tables of Organization." b. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. or forecasts of manpower. (5) (6) War sider I U." (3) "Security. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. 187 -. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- . discussions on new types of weapons.. ciphers.

The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. whenever possible.. e. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. (2) Ciphers. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. etc. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. d. . the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. location lists. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. and orders of battle. For example.

military training pamphlets. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification...."-" "Secret" .. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line..." Confidential" …l... .-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- ...... S.. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification. 2. S. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession... BRITISH AND U.. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification.. ---. ------.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U. 3. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------.. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda.. provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces.. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. and other documents of a military nature.

maps..000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.500..--------------.63.. Small ------------1: 126. 3.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----. MAPS 1. 1: 253.000 -----------------Large. Large ---------.----------.000 and 1:250..1: 633. Actually U. medium-1:62. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a... maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927...000. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U.. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales. 2.-. Standard ... 190 . but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.. 1: 20.. ¼inch to I mile -. Large ---------1: 40.-. ..Small..000 ---------------.000 and 1:100. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.Small. . S.. Small ---------. I inch to I mile . Within the British Isles.-----.-.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.000.--... S. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile .440 . 1. S.i: 1-.. intermediate-1:125.. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.600 .360 -----I------------Medium.Appendix B. when it was superseded by the Modified British System. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25.Large. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U.720.--------------Intermediate.. maps and are designated by representative fractions. S.

Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. S.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. thus making large squares identical in size. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. and R. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. U. b. . British System (1) Description. (2) Use. L. military grid maps. east and west. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. Q. Every tenth line is thickened.APPENDIX B 191 scales. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first.000 map series of Great Britain. P." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. this being called "ceasting. Q7506. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. M.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths.

in the large lettered squares. (2) Description. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. . 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . Modified British System (1) General. is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). 5).-British System grid. 6).192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. The easterly coordinate is always given first. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. each of which is designated by a letter. Thus the point P. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. 0 30 Figure 5. is repeated every 50 kilometers.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side.': omitting the letter "I" (fig. in the small square 21. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). These squares are again subdivided.) c. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers.

\ . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls. JV :.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map. Modified British System..{--{wa'r I T . every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. .' W X " ! Figure 6.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.ia. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered..-Grid lettering. L M NW ____ .___ °.Z .

without unduly obscuring the detail. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. It lies in square vH. and its reference is therefore vH 6335. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . 1 inch to 10 miles moap.5 units north of the point of reference. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. it may be described as the point of reference. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. The number denotes the distance.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. (4) Y inch to I mile map.3 units east and 3. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. in 10-kilometer units. 0--f 0 .-Modified British System grid. 5 I Figure 7.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map.

-On maps of these scales. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. (v)H 6335. inch to mile mp.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid.-Modified Figure British System grid. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-Modified British System grid. since there is no possibility of duplication. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. 4 inch to I mile map. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. Figure 8. namely. .

this time in kilometer units. on any grid line denotes. 1 inch to I mile map. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. to the (false) . the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. in smaller print. and to every tenth number is added.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L .-Modified British System grid. Figure 9. 59 270 O 69 6867 . the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred.

in figure 9. . the point Q is 53. but this is not normally necessary. Thus.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system.3 units east and 67.5 units north of the point :of reference. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference. Its reference is therefore 533675. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.

D. O for Orange. H. K. Procedure" (January 20." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. R. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . U. W. F. Q. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Y. followed by the phonetic spelling. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. T. V. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. 1943). W for William. M. Z. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. for example.) See also FM 24-10. the word itself is first spoken. L. O. J. 1942.-British radio procedures. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. E.1 2. X. S. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28.Appendix C. "Two: T for Toc. N. C. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S." b. G. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. P. I. 198 . B.

O.--"Six" Five . 7. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). W= ) . 9. :usage except for-numbers such as 11.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. 1._W 1 PG.4 ___I___1 l. . I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. I . the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0. etc. 199 of numbers is similar to U._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. 8.Two ---"Foer" _.1 _ _ _1 DUG.. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-.Owe "Wun" ____ -_. _"Sei-en" ---. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun"..H.- . Z44101. 3._ _.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. 6.0iSi Figure 10.APPENDIX C .)t. 22.-British message blank (reduced from original size). I10NS OUT .R.. --.Eight FORM -------. 5. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too. MESSAGE AND RU . S. 4._ ----. . .Six _"Ate" ---. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. 2. 33. For instance._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___.. Ioigure .One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--." etc.

" is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center..." c. Wun Six . (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. 1. Owe. It may consist of plain language. Six. par.. VI. p. Fife Niner. Niner.. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. Owe ... Wun .. Sev-en --. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec.. .. Ate -.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. or "stop. . . Owe . to which reference is being made. if any. Six. Too.. or code. Wun. A period. . Wun. 93).-. O-w-e. Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. Foer . (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. December 7 is written 7).. . (4) "Date": day of the month only (e..200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . cipher. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box. g..

A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below.= time of receipt. Signal officers may use this priority. showing in detail which officers may use each priority. In the case of a phonogram. _-----." may be put in this space. T. Immddiate for messages of special importance. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. 2 Priority lists. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. d. R.= time handed in. is given.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. _ By any officer.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. Any other instiuction. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. By commanders and senior staff officers. (T. For routine messages. I. such as "To await arrival. . Sending a Message (1)' Procedures. and local time). (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. H. or may be sent as a phonogram. O. (a) "Written message" procedure.-There are several procedures in use.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. No indication------For messages of minor importance. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. are issued by the General Staff. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. if any.

-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. (2) Methods of transmission. reply. "very strong. (e) "DC" method. "fair". e. no answers being given.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong.-The message is sent straight through. strength 6." . strength 9. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. or cannot. (c) "F" method. strength 7. "good". This method is used when the receiver must not.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable". or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. The sender sends each group twice instead of once.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure. This is used for quick questions and answers. (d) "G" method. (b) "SR" (send replies) method.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate.

6d.) ---------------------------------2 cents.' The table of equivalents given below..Appendix D. and pence. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. 1 shilling.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent.. a stever)__ 6 cents. 203 . abbreviated £.." or "thrup'ny bit". S. and d. Silver coins: Threepence (3d.) ("sixp'nce".50 cents. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6.. Halfpenny (¼2d. Penny (ld. See WD Circular No. £5 and up... Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. .) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. Shilling-12 pence (Is. Sixpence (6d. S. shilling. General The pound sterling. 5/-) ----------------------$1. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. s. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. 1942).. Larger denominations of pound notes. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2. 2/6) (two and six.00. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4.. now exchanges for about $4. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents.. Prices are usually written in pounds. Threepence (rare) (3d.. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. S.. a tanner. 6 cents.00 in U. and 6 pence." or "thrup'ny bit". currency. CURRENCY a.. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------.) ("thrup'nce.. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents. I The official rate authorized between the U. Florin-2 shillings (2s..50. meaning 2 pounds.) ("thrup'nce.. however... a stever) --------------.00.. British U. CONVERSION TABLES 1.035 per British pound ster4ing.. 399 (December 9. or a kick) -----------12 cents.

. .000. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a.. ton (short ton. I thousand billions (1.000.. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence... S. S. I imperial gallon _---------. Thus.000.1 mile... Differences The following differences between British and U.--------weigh 175 pounds. 1. . half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny").. 1 hundredweight (cwt. a 1 ton.000. precious stones.000.. 2. etc.0.. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons.______ 2.000)___ 1 quadrillion.. such as a guinea.000)__ 1 billion. 11. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound. long -------------112 pounds.) -----------.bushels. orthousandmillions (1..000. i shilling.") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds). _ ..7. or 20 short cwt. hundredweight (short hundredweight. long (20 long cwt. Expensive articles such as furniture...204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. S.240 pounds..2 liquid quarts. 1.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts)... whereas the U.) is 2.). 1 shilling.000 pounds.. I imperial bushel -------------------1. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence.000. when an article sells for a guinea. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" . 1 billion (1. 1 trillion (1.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. which is equal to 1 pound..000. . 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.000.. _ .032 dry quarts. or cental) is 100 pounds.000) ----1 quintillion. below): British United Slates J.000. jewelry.240 pounds. I imperial peck 1. automobiles..000) -------------_ 1 trillion..000.. whereas the U..000.. are usually priced in guineas. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds.000.000... 1 milliard.03 pecks.

1416. . as in the United States. However. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U.7.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). In some tables of equivalents. Horsepower In Great Britain. all of which are similar. which is normally used in the United States. For example.4D 2 N. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. The brake horsepower formula. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula.5.APPENDIX D 205 b.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower." horsepower. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. 2 3 3 . S. but such a ratio is incorrect.

use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. . (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. and Water4 (1) Formulas. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. Gasoline.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. Oil.

012 183 100 91.267 . 267 1. 087.3333 20.3 1.2534 .1056 6.973 1. 515 1 73. 336 1 4 3.92 1 185.0 yards. 000 . Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.1333 . 440 250..02 .3168 .54 I The geographical.5 1. 4 2. 157 .112 3 2.12 22 66 1 1.7891 42.027. 000 100.224 . 760 5.6667 40. 25.5.000 100 B4t 9 4.680 .25 1 8 . 000 190.0395 1. 534 .2 .75 63.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 . 891 6.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. 000 78.0079 e.6336 -. s2 109 200 . 5 3.0158 . 946 4 4.3168 2.792 . 5 1. 78 11.01 126. 8554 9. 344 4 . 000 4. 281 1 3 1 9.0833 .3. 280 49.0211 .1 M. 029.1 12 . that of the U. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.67 15. 000 . 0936 3.05 25. 470 10 18.920 792 72 39.014 . 6 3. 000 75.2. 000 . 2. 1529 1.000 1. 000 80.2112 3. 537 160.025 36 .0789 2. 1.0634 . 360 1 62.971 1.0158 500 . 000 .584 . 13 47.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.025 .000 . 000 633.0317 .85325 kilometers).609.7891 .25 1.168 3 2:534 2. 971 491.5069 .1578 . 000 200. 223 1 1.2534 2. 21 600 of a great circle of the earth.05 . 223 8.0127 . 046 63.5 5261 6667 . 8 16 110 201. 500 .15: 5 .25 .946 3. 4 M. 000 400. 2 220 660 I 11 20.1267 . 1 6.4224 1. 934 100.44 30. 000 126.2 meters).2112 . nautical. 313 5 4. 280.6313 31. ms to m . 667 1 10. 578 1.000 .9864 50.4735 25. 720 125. 240 .6336 1. 34 .014.3333 .0845 .901 1. 280 . 1584 . British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge. 1 M.4 2 . or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 3 M. 48 20.3946 21.72 . 855.0176 63.1267 .7600 .15155 statute miles.1578 5.5 6.2367 12. 71 546.6093 8 1 4. 4 .0667 1 .97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.829 2 6 1 1.157 3 2. 120 .625 1.25 15. 000 253. 10. 35 31. 080 150. 370 7. 360 39.4. 600 500. 2.1584 .4 .093.5 2 1. 23 1.080 feet (1. 735 5 6. 750. 840 .Kilo. 367 2 1. 117 2. several different values are in use.APPEINDIX P 207 d.25 3 .5 30.3333 .0422 .000 . 37 36 12 7.157 15.853.853.8 1 1. 91 63.0273 1.578 1.0333 . 313 6 667 7.4224 .8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. S.2 25 .57 23.12 2.8 1.6 2.367 2.Stat.005 1. and is called the Admiralty mile. 000 316. 2M. 333 3. 891 9.6 . 1. 2 80 880 1. . 1.317 .1 . 263 1.2 .672 .735 4 3. .248 meters. 800 300.0528 12 67 . 500 .84 10 7. 168 .5 . 94 -20 40 56. 000 .000 20.20 feet (1. 000 . 336 . . 560 .184 . That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere.5 1. 36 .3946 . 1.

1...984 2 Ounces 35.... K. 0 . ..197 Pints -------------------------Liters .0164 61....... 35 PoundK ----------.. . Centimeter ..02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496.186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -.-..... Cubic centimeters_ .--.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------. 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1....06 2.....Cubic meters_-----------------_ ...746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25....013 85 ....------.... 223 _ ilograms per square centi.589 miles-.211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons... General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal . 68 ..280 8 Yards -. Quintals_ ..907 2 1.. 50. 1.447 2.K--Kilograms.546 . I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second.405 2.---... .0 .. Horsepower (metric)'l-.387 ...005 08 196.087 feet)-.609 3 ... .... 04 .-. Watt-hours . 508 1.-.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76.---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.-----.001 340 3 Watts -----.03527 .---0648 15..------. 802 . .-Kilometers per hour.....British thermal units per ...340 3 . . Feet per second.-.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1...914 4 1.....913 33 ....06 . Kilograms .621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6..16 . Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX..304 8 3..068 03 14. Atmospheres--------. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------.028 32 35...04 .22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.568 1..47 .---..-. Horsepower . Meters--..013 15 Horsepower---------..0547 18..... 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1.. Ounces______-_.830 Horsepower -------.. 25.0833 12..-. 0254 39.. ..-Square meters..'466 7 Feet per second .Gram calories -... 3937 2.609 34 . U.6 6.. ...070 31 Pounds per square inch meter..097 28 .3862 Square kilometersSquare ......0 Feet per minute.Foot-pounds -..--------------Miles per hour ------.... .... 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -. --Inch_ -..Grams -.308 . Miles per hour. S 1..Meters per second_ .227 3...205 . .001 3403 746. .. Meters per second -.7646 Grains -----------------.27 .-..----------------Watts -. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1... _ ...986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550.986 1.002 02 14..----------Feet per second -.-.8 3....039 37=inches. .. 4 .061 Cubic inches--Liters -. 432 Grams -.155 Square centimeters --0--... 2654...... 764 Cubic inches . ... ..451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.. -.892 8 1. -. .. 288 Meters per minute ...-Meters per second ..... --.161 6. Hectares_ Acres .28.12 .-K...208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f.08 746.. _'_1.. 238 8 4..Meters .-. 000 948 1055....08 Horsepower--------. Feet per minute 54. 78 .97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----..... 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ....681 82 1...5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters .453 59 2..8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1.000 948 1055.... 85 Meters per second.011 363 6 88..014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -..016 ...0 Cubic feet _.... ...36 second.------1.... 304 .....________..-----------.000 376 8 Kilowatts -. 0 Inches --------------------.018 288 Feet per minute --..152 ..867 4 645.76 Gallons -----------Liters -4. ..... 16.0377 36..-._---.....----.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ..36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------....019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . ....4=millimeters.621 37 Kilometers per hour -..092 9 10..236 9 Miles per hour-.0 Feet------------------------Meters...------.---.

APPENDIX D 209 :. British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ . o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .

PRNTG GOER. < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o . RR oG L h..~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I .erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. British Protractor--Rev. OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 ..~~~~U GERNMN S.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:.

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