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MAY 15, 1943









AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .




CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.




1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92






a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

Infantry of the Line -. a... g.. Army Air Corps --------------------i. General --------------------------98 b. Appointments ----------------------d.. b. 104 h.. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.. c. Page 1..General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c.. d.______3.. Household Cavalry ----------------d.. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e.. FORMATIONS. ----96 98 -_______-. 100 f.- a.. 7. Supporting Arms-.IV CONTENTS VI.. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. HEADQUARTERS.... Regiment of Artillery (RA) .. APPOINTMENTS. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. f. AND SERVICES-Continued. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 .Master ..----_ ------_---- 105 105 ...--.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----... TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------... 5. h. 6... Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter .. of Royal Engineers (.. Headquarters and Formations-Con. i.. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------.. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.-101 g. e.. Services --95 2. STAFF.

.. C.---------1...... CONVERSION TABLES --------------------.----------------187 187 Appendix A. b.__. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-..... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2... Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---.. -... CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1.. Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d.----------- 190 190 190 3. CHANGE 3... Sending a Message __... GENERAL--______________________.-____-_.------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-. General -----------_____--------b....--a. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---... MAPS ------------.. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a. SCALES--__.2.. General ----. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D....CONTENTS V Page . Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 . a....... British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c...___-------------_ e. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e...__-.__-..._____-... STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1. S.. b.1. CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B... c.... d... Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c.. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------.. Origin -----------------------.. "Secret"_-..---__ ------------_ 2. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -. BRITISH AND U... ---- a.--. CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-....-__-....___ b. GENERAL---____-_--.

1 inch to 10 miles map S.. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. Gasoline. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. U._194 195 196 199 . Oil. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. S. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. 2. Modified British System grid. Horsepower -------------------------c. Grid lettering. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9.------------. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. U. Modified British System ----------------. 7. 4. British System grid --------------------------------6. Modified British System grid. S. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. S.. U. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . Modified British System grid. Differences ------------------------b.. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e.VI CONTENTS D. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g.

A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. S. troops. ton. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. battery do not have the same connotations for U. S. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. However. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. military terms are given with their British equivalents. S. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. Since new forms are constantly appearing. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. In the lists which follow. common U. gallon. S. 1 . and the U. and British officers.Section I. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. for example. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning.

Accompanying artillery. or of funds. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. 4. S. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. U. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. .-Single batteries. platoons. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. S. rather. military terms with their definitions. Accountable officer. Responsible officer. For example.Section 11. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. (see fig. 97). Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). etc. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. p. functional term has no British equivalent. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-Absent from post or duty. Where a U.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. S. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence.

Advance by echelon. quartering. Advance by bounds.-An order covering administrative details. Adilressee. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. martial law. Adlninistrative order. Same. straggler line. graves registration.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. train bivouacs. Same. (See also Combat orders. To make progress in the direction of the enemy. Advance command post. rear echelon. for the exercise of temporary control. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. Same or administration map.) Advance. usually one on a small scale. usually issued by divisions and higher units. To move forward. Administration.U. Same. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. evacuation. Same.-An engagement or battle. and evacuation. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order). sanitation. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. No equivalent. personnel management. salvage.-When unqualified. transportation.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. construction. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). replacements. necessary tactical details also shown.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. or both." It comprises: supply. supply.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. and other allied subjects. traffic control. military governmrent. main supply road(s). maintenance. Administrative map. such as traffic. burials.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. . computations pertaining to movements. S. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). censorship.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. such as supply and evacuation installations.

-A security detachment which pre. Same. 1.-Observation from bal. and messenger. (See fig.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.) Advance message center.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit). units having organic or attached observation aviation. subdivision of the communications zone. pertaining to air navigation has been added. signal intelligence.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. Advance party. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. Agency of signal communication.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent.Aerial observation. the support of the advance 1.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area. Advance on. signal supply. Aerial (or air) photograph. Van guard. and moves ahead of.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. airplanes. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. any kind of aircraft. visual.-A term embracing Signal unit. pigeon.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. fig. Air area. radio. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph. Aid station.-An establishment of the Medical De. Aerial (or air) observation.000). and wire communication.-Advance toward. tion to which the wounded are brought.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. intended primarily for use in air navigation. oblique (vertical). or airships.) Aeronautical charts.000. loons. Aerial (or air) photograph. . communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. sound.Advanced guard. (RAP) (in the case sorting. (See cedes the main body on the march. Advance section.-A detachment that is sent out by.

(5) Main guard. (4) Van guard.o. (10) Main body of rear guard. . S. O U. (2).. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L.S. Rear guard: (9). (6). (3).-U. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). S.S. (8) (Same. Figure 1. (13) Rear guard mobile troops. (12) Rear parties of rear guard. (11). ROUTE COLUMN ( U.) (7) Advanced guard. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit).tU.

including aircraft warning services. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands. Alert.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force. arming. Alternate emplacement.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. information centers. Fighter command. Air defense command. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line. Airdrome. Air superiority (or advantage). balloon barrages. Air raid warning system.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. Same. and maintaining military aviation units.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. operating. Aircraft warning service.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Air superiority. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. Aerodrome. An alarm warning.-A landing field.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground. British Same. Alinement. Airborne troops. and passive antiaircraft defense measures.-A state of readiness for movement or action.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Alignment. Same. pursuit aviation. Vigilant. Alternative site.-A warning system consisting of observers. Alternate firing position. Car post (CP). antiaircraft artillery. . Same.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Air-landing troops. Ambulance loading post. Alternative position.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.

sage of track-laying vehicles. and establishments against mechanized. overlays. Antitank ditch. The route leading to anything.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. To attack from such a position. It includes passive means of defense. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. Antitank weapons. etc. be approached by an attacking force.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. forces against attack from the air.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. . Antitank mine field.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)).-A point established for the ad.IU. motorized. to protect troops.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. tables. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence.. Antimechanized defense. front to rear and vice versa. any device similarly operated. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties).-Orders.-A route by which a place or position can Same.Anti-tank ditch. or air attack is encountered. dispositions. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. installations. Approach march. sketches. graphs. maps. usually in extended Same.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. Antitank mine.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. or armored units. as a bridge. Appendices and traces or annexures. Annexes.-The advance. charts. mission is employment against armored vehicles. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. Ambush. employed to amplify orders and reports.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). S. to the point of effective small-arms fire. also. Approach. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. Troops posted in such a position. forms. defence Antiaircraft defense.

To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. Assault.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. When delivered by mounted troops. Same.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. Assault. Artificial obstacles. Refers to the head of a unit. company.-To reach a designated point or line. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. it is called the "charge. Armored force. assigned to General attack. assault. general.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. and attached artillery.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. section. Same. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Armored car. Local attack. they may be fixed or portable. Artillery preparation. Assault. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. local. King's Regulations. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Artillery corps.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. Same. Same. Artillery position. . Armoured troops. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. Army Regulations.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad. division. includes corps. Armoured car. platoon.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. Artillery with the corps." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Arrive.

No equivalent. (See fig.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position.) Unit "'under command. in close order. 10. fig. prior to or following combat." Same.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time.) Axis of signal communication. The grouping of units in areas. The regular grouping. Supporting arm. Ballistics. named in the direction of contemplated movement. Attack. p.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. S. 2. 10.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground.) (See Leading troops in attack.) Attacking echelon. . continuing. Assembly area. Assembly position. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation. Axial road. p.-a. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. Attached unit. forming up or concentration (b). Normal supply.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. b.U. Attack. Balanced stocks.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. Same.) (See Main supply road. of the elements of a command. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). Automatic supply.-The leading echelon in attack. (See also Exploitation. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry). Exploitation. Auxiliary arm.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong.-(Obsolete. 2.-The science of the motion of projectiles.

Figure 2. (4) (Same. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).-U.) (7) Plan of attack. S.) (6) (Same. (8) (Same.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). .10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position.) (5) (Same.) (9) Exploitation. (2) (Same.

fire Barrage.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. Base reserves. S. Base unit (or base of movement). Beach defense.-The position of principal resistance in defense.-A map. Battle position. that block or restrict entrance into an area. No equivalent. for the theater of operations as a whole.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Barricade. . Balloon bed.-A group of obstacles. No equivalent. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. Battle map. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. 519636--43----2 Same. Same. Barrier tactics.000.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. No equivalent. Base area.U. Beachhead. Base section.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone. or both. Same.-Prearranged on a line or lines. either stationary or moving. either natural or artificial.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. Same. under the control of the commander of the theater. Same. Barracks bag. Same. Kit bag.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Beach defence. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). Same.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve.-A barrier of captive balloons. Barrier. usually applied to roads. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth.

Breakthrough. Bound. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. A temporary location or station for troops. To put into camp. or location of material. a defended area over which a bomber. vancing in one of several successive moves.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. Call sign. Camp.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. Bridgehead. letters and numerals. the target. nature. armoured formations shelter tents.Same. Billets." Bomb-release line. Boundary. or military works.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. used for radio station identification.-A system of standing barrages enclos. Camouflage.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same. or of Code sign. To establish a camp. aircraft. Box barrage. Bombardment aviation." and "heavy. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. ing an area. ing the enemy as to the existence. or improvised shelter. ings.Same. usually a group of letters.-The difference between two ranges or Same.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. troops.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. elevations. Beaten zone.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. when it strikes the ground. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. .-The distance covered by a unit when ad.-A signal." "medium. one giving a center of impact which is over. Bivouac.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare).12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves. Same. classes established in dumps on the beach.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. and the other a center of impact which is short of. Bracket.Same.Same. classified as "light.

sickness. Chemical land mine.-A substance useful in war which. Check concentrations. Chief of Staff. photography. Same. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. . (See General Staff.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. Registration. Casualties. Hutment. Same. Poisonous gas. wounds. Same. the right center element is considered the center element. publications. or an incendiary action.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. If the number of elements considered is even. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. Same.) Chlorination. Casualty agent (chemical).-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. and all communications.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation. press dispatches. S. Cipher. radio broadcasts. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. Chemical cylinder.-The middle point or element of a command. discharge. No.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire.-Losses in numerical strength by death. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity.equivalent. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. or desertion. No exact equivalent. Center.-The senior General Staff officer. Same. they are applied to private communications. a screening smoke. Censorship.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure.) Chemical agent.U. capture. Cylinder. detailed as such. is capable of producing a toxic effect. Same. a powerful irritant effect.

sorted. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. Same. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. trucks. such as clothing. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. Clearing station. Circulation map. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Diesel oil. Clear (in the). and coal.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). orders. and instruments. and chemicals. (Formerly called "hospital station. tools. Casualty clearing station (CCS).14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language.-The sending of messages.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. Petrol (gasoline). radio sets. antitank mines. of all items. Traffic map. construction materials. Refers to the tail of a unit. and turned over to the army for further evacuation.") Close order. behind the first echelon.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. such as fortification materials. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. excepting those of the first echelon. Class V. pyrotechnics. Class I. stations. treated if necessary. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. Same. and machinery. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME).-To pass a designated point or line. . I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). gas masks. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). class of supplies consisting of those Class II.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. Class IV. arms. fuel oil. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. Circuit diagram. will eventually belong to this corps.' Same. such as rations and forage. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service.-A fuels and lubricants. Clear (verb). oil. a newly formed corps. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ).-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation.

and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. Collecting station.U. or numbers. Coast artillery district. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping. ineluding such forward. Code. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.-A peacetime tactical com. only).-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. waters adjacent to the seacoast. seacoast. and rear security forces as may be employed. flank. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. words. Coastal frontier. S. placed one behind another. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force.-A naval force which may be organ. Coastwise sea lane. Coastal frontier defense. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. Collecting point.Same.-A point designated for the collec.-The organization of the Coast defence force.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers.Fortress command. . ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route. phrases. Coastal zone.-The whole area of the navigable Same. Column. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. letters.

by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. United States Combat echelon.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. corps. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. . as the Infantry. and administrative orders. such as an infantry regiment. Combat intelligence. and division areas2 Combined operations. etc. Corps of Engineers. letters of instruction.-Military intelligence produced in the field. or any two or more of them. as by two or more allie§.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms.. g. Combat outpost.-(See Unit loading. covering any phase of operations in the field.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Combat orders. Air Corps. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders). Combat team. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. and supported by. dictated. Combat unit loading. Field Artillery. by the Army and Navy. It is divided into army. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. after the outbreak of hostilities. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). a field artillery battalion. and air forces). Combat orders include field orders.) Combat zone. Cavalry.-Oral. brigade group).16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. Joint operations. land. Outpost. and a combat engineer company. Forward area.

Command post. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. and local produce store (part of an institute. Commissary. S. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. Commercial loading.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold. Same.-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. has been issued to them. Grocery shop and store. One of the essential elements of -military organization. Communications zone.-A disease caused by germs. usually armed and armored. the other two being combat and supply elements.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. .-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone.'U.-A motor vehicle. No equivalent. containing the lines of communication. other than personal equipment.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. Line of communications (L of C) area. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. To order or exercise command. which can be communicated from one person to another. Command car. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. ration shop. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. usually run by NAAFI). the establishments of supply and evacuation. Contagious disease. Communicable disease. Advanced (or forward) HQ. Commanding ground. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations.) Same. Armoured command vehicle (ACV). (See Post exchange (PX).

attack.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. Same (a and b). Same. Same.-To hold in place. on mobilization. Compartment of terrain.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. Conferene call. b. Composite photograph. Multiple call.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. c. or bodies of water. Concentration. Connecting file. Consolidationof position. Company aid men. or defense. Same.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges. Same. No equivalent. Same.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera. for training.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. Same. cities. . An assembly of troops in a particular locality. Containing action. massed fire (c).-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. To restrain.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. Concealment. Concertina wire. To enclose.-a. woods. Contain.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. Same. Connecting group (or file. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time.

-An area within the field of fire. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). To accompany for the purpose of protecting.. Contingent zone. Convoy unit loading. Observation post by day.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. or leads toward an objective. Corridor.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position. Control point. Controlled mosaic. with a single sentinel in observation.-The act of supervising. Same.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. Same. No equivalent. Vertical interval.U. Counterattack.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic. regulating. Coordination. To escort.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement.-(See Unit loading.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. Same. adjacent contours. Cossack post. Contour interval. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. within which a unit may be called upon to fire. 19 United States Containingforce. Same.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers).) Cooperation.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. S. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery). Convoy. Counterbattery fire. . and combining to gain the best results. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel. other than the normal zone. Same.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.

-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. . To protect. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). another force or a locality. Same.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. Same. Cryptographic security. Same. Same. (See also Reserve requirements.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance. Same. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. Counterreconnaissance. Same.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Counterpreparation. No equivalent. and their careful protection.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. Reserve supplies.-The summit or highest line of a ridge.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. Coverage. reconnaissance. The actual or topographical crest. or by any combination of these methods. Cover.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. Credit. or provide security for. Cryptography.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. their proper use. attack. Counterintelligence.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. or from the trench board. or defense. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. Covering force (or detachment). to the top of the parapet. Same.) Crest.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. Counteroffensive. Same.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same. or any object affording such protection.

To conduct a defensive battle. Decode.-To march from a defile. sive in order to gain an objective. Defense. Defence. S. Dead ground. state of being defended.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. Same. area. one side being decisively defeated. against attack. Danger area. . Defended locality. Same.-The means adopted for resisting attack.) Day of supply. Same. The act of defending. Coast defence area. and inshore of.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall. Danger space.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day.) than a regiment). Defensive-offensive. Intention (a). Debouch. or. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. Daily wastage rate.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies.'U. To secure Defend. wood. Daily train.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. A decisive outcome of a battle. Decision. because of intervening obstacles.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. b. strength report is included. Day of fire. Defensive coastal area. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces.-a. Defense. Daily supply train.--(See Unit of fire.-To translate a code message into ordinary language. British Daily ration strength state. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. same (b). Same. Dead space. or other close country into open country. and later to initiating an offen.-To maintain against force.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to.

harbor. obstructions. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. to the front. . measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. Delaying action.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. usually including the approach to an important port.-A portion of the coastal zone. Defilade. bay. or which restricts lateral movements. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. within which. Defile. Demonstration. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged.-A belt of terrain.-An attack delivered or a show of Same.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same.Same.-A form of defensive action em. Deferred message. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy.-Protection from hostile ground observa.Intermediate position. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. be traversed only on a narrow front.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. or sound. Defensive position. No equivalent. A battle position.-A message whose delivery to the Same. Defensive zone.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.Same. Delaying position. Defensive sea area. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. generally parallel Defended locality. tion and fire provided by a mask.-A position taken up for the pur. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size.

"In support." Same. Detachment.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. Same.-The direction in which the base of the command. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. classification. Direct laying. . in preparation for action. Discipline.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. or for the reception. whether actually in march or halted. issue.-An organized locality for the reception. British Same.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Development. Detonator. and including the envelopment thereof. Direct support. Pursuit.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. Deployment. No equivalent. is facing at the instant considered. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Same. Discharge. Detached post.U. or salvage of supplies. Direct pursuit.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. Same. Depot. Dictated order.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. classification. Same.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.-An order delivered orally.-To release from service. including the front and rear elements. storage. Same.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. 23 United States Deployment.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. S. Depth. Directionof march.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization. Same. Same. and forwarding of replacements. Same.

such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. such as "Class I Distributing Point. or SP). or smaller unit. (AP)." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. Same. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps. Same. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. without hospitalization. 1st Division. (AP). Distribution. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. . division.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. Same.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. A delivery of supplies. Same. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. as battle. Distributing point. dump (railhead) (unit).-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution. Movement to new position. Dud. Same. Dispersion of projectiles. Disposition.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station.) Dock. United States Dispensary. Distance. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. or maneuver. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. march. the latter become distributing points. Same." Dump distribution. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. accomplished im various ways.-A slip or waterway.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. Dump. for the reception of ships. as between two piers." Distribution.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. 1st Infantry.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. to subordinate units or to individuals. Displacement. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. other than a depot or railhead.-A place.

Superimposed fire. . generally different in character. S. ordnance. No equivalent. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. Same. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. engineer.) Encircling force. Same. meaning quartermaster.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. etc. To prepare a message in code.-One of the subdivisions of a command.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point. and medical units. Emergency barrage. Enfilade. for a particular weapon. Entrucking group. support echelon. effective results may be expected. Effective range. Same. such as the attacking echelon.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. Same. Element.U.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. Embussing (debussing) point.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. Same. Entrucking (detrucking) point. as service elements. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). In battle formations.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. Emplacement. mat6riel. (See Firing position.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions.-To translate ordinary language into code. The various subdivisions of a headquarters.-Troops. Encode. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. British No equivalent (refers only to transport).-The range at which. Enveloping force. and reserve echelon. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth.

persons. its accuracy. of the terrain not under friendly control. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision.-A body of armed men to guard a person. avoid surprise.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. Assessment of value of intelligence report. (See also Situation. Escortforce. including the expression of his decision. or goods on a journey. that is. sick.-That information of the enemy. . Essential elements of information. Same. and its application to the situation. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. and information requested by other units.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. Same. its credibility.) Evacuation.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. Escort. or formulate the details of a plan. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. United States Envelopment. Same. prisoners of war. Same. Appreciation of the situation. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. Estimate of the situation.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Same. animals. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. and wounded). Evaluation of information. also. conduct a maneuver. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. Espionage.

-The act of taking full advantage of a success. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). A pretense.) Extended order. Operation order (00). "B" echelon transport. or both. Feint. To make a feint.-Formerly. Same.-For machine-gun fire. S. is placed grazing fire. in order to stop assaults. Same. Extreme range.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. greater than in close order.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. forage. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant.) Field train. (See also Attack. a predetermined line along which. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. fuel. Fixed line.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat.-The maximum range of any weapon. often fixed as to direction and elevation. Exploitation.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. (See also Combat orders. A stratagem. First-line ment.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. continuing. Same. Same. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility. Final protective line.U.) Filler replacement.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. the second-in-command. (See Train. Field order. and not the second-incommand. generally. Field fortification. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. reinforce- . Same.

high-angle.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. plunging. Fire. Same.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Fire trench. searching. Sweeping (or traversing) fire. grazing.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. Fire.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. assault. indirect. low-angle. frontal.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range. Same. Fire. Fire superiority.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. Fire. overhead. Same. Fire.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. Fire. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Fire.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. Fire. United States Fire. Same.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. .-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. Fire. Same. Aiming off. oblique. Same. traversing. or other linear target. Fire on targets of opportunity. leading. Fire. Same.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Same. Same. Fire. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line. observed.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. Same.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets. Same. Same.

-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. combined traversing and searching.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. cone of. or supplementary. British Same. at appropriate times. Fire direction. Destructive fire.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. Fire. Same.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. S. Fire. Same.U.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. Fixed obstacles.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. Searching and sweeping fire. Fire.-The combined fire of a group of individuals. . direct. Same.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Same. Same. First aid. Fire. Fixed armament.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. collective. Same.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. alternate.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target. Fire. converging. Same. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. classified as primary. Same Same. Fire discipline. conduct of.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Same. destruction.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Fire control. Firing position.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit. Fire control. Same. Fire. Fire.

1. Same.) Fire for effect. inclusive. Fire. Flight.-Foodfor animals. field of. Same. distributed. from the leading to the rearmost element. Same. or trial Same. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. 5. Follow. Flank guard (or patrol). other than for registration. Same. Same. (See fig.-Firedirected at a single point.) No equivalent. Fire. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. To collect supplies for men and animals. flanking. Fire. Flanking attack. Forage. direct pressure on a withdrawing force.--To regulate movement on the element in front.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target. Foragers. Same.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. battery. Same. (See also Check concentrations and Registration. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. Fire on fixed line. Flank. . inaccuracies in the firing data.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. Same.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. British Same. Anlly fire against a hostile target. by observation. Same.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. fixed (concentrated) (point).30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. or other unit.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. when facing the enemy.-The act of exerting close. Registration shoot.-The side of a command. Right flank is the right side. p. Follow up. without traversing or searching. Firefor adjustment. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought.

exclusive of local security. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. 31 United States Forced march. G-l. Frontage. measured from one flank to the opposite flank.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line. or grenade. trot. G-3. A strong and fortified place. S. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. Foxhole. . in width. (See also Letters of instruction.-The line formed by the most advanced units.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. in any given situation. (See Shelter trenches. the walk. or in any other designated disposition.-The direction of the enemy. Formation.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). bomb. G-2.-The space.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. No equivalent.) Fragmentation. Same.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. Same. The line of contact of two opposing forces. individual shelter or rifle pit.) Gait. in column. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS.-Small. British Fort. Fragmentation bomb.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. Anti-personnel bomb. Front line. Front.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. Same. Operation instructions. A permanent post.-(See General Staff. or gallop. Same.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. that is.U. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. Fragmentary orders. The space occupied by an element. Same. in echelon. Same. Gait of march. Same. G-4.

Same.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. Groupment (Field Artillery). pars. and is not to 8. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs.Group.-An organization charged Same. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. within the continental United States. p. Personnel. and fig. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. S-2. Each sec(or the "A") branch. 97. be confused with G-3).-All combat. transport' aviation. S-3. G-3. reconnaissance. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). General support. not assigned to armies or smaller units. Intelligence. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. War Department.-Irregularwar car. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war. In units smaller than p. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. Supply. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive. S-1. G-2. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. GravesRegistrationService. War Plans lb and 2. tions and Training. VI.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. . GHQ aviation. 96. a fifth section. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . ried on by independent bands. G-4. and No equivalent. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. and with the (See sec. S-4.-A tactical com. 94-95.) the division. General Staff. pp.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units.-A temporary grouping Grouping. Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps).32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. 4. Operathe "Q") branch). note Division of the War Department.

Harassing fire. Hold (verb). Head of column.U. annoy the enemy. raids.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily. closely. by hand. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening. more Same.) Harbor.-A chemical agent used to force Same. Holding and reconsignment point. Harassing agent.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. and to lower his efficiency and morale. etc. (See also Interdiction fire. military and air forces.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. Hand sled. of march. Specifically. against attacks from the sea. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.Same. Same.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. Harass.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. the image of the horizon. . it applies to a small sled on runners.-To retain physical possession. Same. Hatch. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. armoured formations or units).-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same.--A term generally applied to air. Heavier-than-air. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air. and commanded by an officer specially appointed).-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination. frequent small attacks.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. Harbor defense. High oblique. S.

British No equivalent. Same. Initial point (IP). ." Same.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Inner harbor area. Forconvenience in estimating space. Same. Same. Starting point (SP). Initial requirements.-(See Clearing station. Same.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Same. Identifications. To deprive of mobility. Actually. it is about 8 feet.-To tie down. Same. Ground strips.--Atermof measurement.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . a horse length is considered 3 yards.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target.) Identification panels.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel..-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire. Individual equipment. Hospital station. Horse length.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. or equipment are identified. In position.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations. Incendiary agent. organizations. Minute. Infiltrate. Personal clothing and equipment.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. Indirect laying. Same. Indorsement. Immobilize.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves.

-The objective whose attainment precedes. (See also Time interval.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Integrity of tactical units. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set).) Intermediate objective. Same. including the movement. Interdictionfire. and is usually essential to. Interdict.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. Smnall-scale maps. (See also Harassingfire. Intermediate section.000 to 1:500. lacrimation. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered. No equivalent. Toxic smoke. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. No equivalent. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. or both.) Irritant smoke.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units.U. coughing. Intermediate-scale maps. Sanme.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area. Interpretation of information.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line. Same.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. the attainment of the final objective. S. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. No equivalent. intended for planning stragetic operations. Intercept station. Interval. Inshore patrol.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. Same. British Same.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. concentration. .000. and supply of troops.

Same. Line of departure. Key point. Joint operations. as orders or communiques. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement. Same. Lachrymator. Same.-A delivery of supplies. though temporary.-A tactical locality.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. Junction point.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air.) Journal. Lacrimator. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.) (See . To emerge or sally forth.) Liaison.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Same.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Leapfrog. Same.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. Line.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. British War diary. To send out officially or publicly. Specifically.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. Same or vital point.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. Same. 2.--(See Combined operations. eye pains. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations. Large-scale maps. affording observation and communication. fig. used to insure coordination between adjacent units. Limiting point.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. Start(ing) line. Landingfield. Lighter-than-air. Same. as from a defile or fortress. The supplies so delivered. Letter(s) of instruction. Operation instruction (s). 10.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. p.

-The network of railways. (See also Communications zone. Reinforcement. waterways. Lung irritant. S. Logistics.) Litter relay point. supply. Line route map. British Same. Lines of communication. No equivalent. Local counterpreparation. Main attack. and quartering of troops. Long ton. Same.U. Main body.-The principal part of a command. Transport.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. Lines of action. Same.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. and evacuation. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport. supply. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. A command less all detachments. Low oblique.-In each tactical grouping. Loss replacement. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation. Same. Ton. Supply lines. Courses of action or courses open. Same.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Defensive fire. . and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Same. Same.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs.-The weight of 2. Main effort. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits.240 pounds avoirdupois.

maintenance carried out by base workshops). 2 Manoeuvre. second echelon. Main supply road. other than first echelon maintenance.. First-line repairs (i. though one side may be outlined.. performed by the using arms and services.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. 2 Third-line repairs (i. represented. Maintenance.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance. ordnance. R E.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel.") Maintenance. (See fig. e. e. note 1. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. 3. mat6riel.--Driver's maintenance. e. Maintenance requirements.) Main artery of supply. Maintenance. maintenance carried out. 2See p.. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map. daily maintenance by driver). maintenance carried out by army workshops). or imaginary. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. etc. 14. Same. e.. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). Maneuver.-That maintenance. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. (Formerly called "axial road. 2 Second-line repairs (i. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. fourth echelon. . by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops).). third echelon. first echelon.-Movement so designed as to place troops. Manifest (ship's).-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo. Maintenance. 2 Base repairs (i. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons.

(5) Battalion sector. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (6) Brigade reserve area. Figure 3.-U. . (4) Company sector. (2) Brigade reserve position. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology). (3) Platoon sector.U. S. S.

and wire communication. woods. March unit. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. British Same or track discipline. usually an intervening hill. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. No equivalent. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables.) March discipline. etc.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander. Same.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. Means of signal communication. Same or table. or some part of it. . March graph.-A graphical presentation of a march.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps. Maps. Martial law. showing the relative size and position.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. Mask (obstruction). Same.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. according to some given scale or projection. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). of the parts represented.-March toward. or while regular outposts are being established. (See also Security detachment. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. March on.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. Movement graph. radio. movement Same. visual. pigeon.) March table. Group. March outpost. such as messenger. Covering detachment. Same. sound.

par. and its further use. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. p. 190.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. Message.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles. reports. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. Meeting engagement.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. transmitted by a means of signal communication.-A term which includes all instructions. Same.000. documents. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent).U. Same or signal or despatch. tactical.) Mechanized cavalry.000 to 1:125.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. S.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message. etc. therefore. 2.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed. is undesirable. Message. Receipt. maps. transmission. Mechanized unit. Memorandum receipt. Encounter or contact battle.) B.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. those handled by the military or civil postal service. Same. and those arriving by special messengers. Medium-scale maps. in plain language or code. (See app. intended for strategical. Signal office. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. local messages. photographs. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization.. . orders. Crest. Message center.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle.) Military crest. Same.

-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Mission. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. Same. This class consists of railway.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Mopping up.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. Mobile reserves. Mine layer. Mine planter. Military information.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. Same. Mobile armament.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps"). Same. Same. .-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. or theater of operations. Minimum range. Same or task. Daily strength state. Same. Military intelligence.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. Morning report. gathered from any source. United States Military government. information concerning a possible or actual enemy.-Information. Military Police. and truck-drawn artillery.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit.-Evaluated and interpreted Same. Morale. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom. tractor-drawn. Minimum crest clearance. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation.

Same. Neuttalise.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. and. Natural obstacles.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. Same.-The support involving fire or movement or both. classified as "controlled. streams.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Neutralize.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time." "uncontrolled.U. swamps. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports. Neutralization fire." or "strip. mountains. in general. Same. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals." Motorization. Same. Zone of fire. Mutual support.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses.-Not poisonous. . Same. etc. Normal barrage. Barrage. Same (but with no definite time limit). S. Nonpersistent agent.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. forests. Objective. Normal zone. Multiple-lens camera. hampering or interrupting movement or action. such as deserts. Motorized unit. Same. Same or motor unit. rendered one another by adjacent elements. 519636°--43----4 Same. Nontoxic. Neutralising fire.

Same. maps. Operation map. (or sketch) Verbal order. etc. No equivalent. British No equivalent. fixed or portable.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. photographs. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. and liaison duty for ground units. Operation map. and other important data concerning the objective. . Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. Observation aviation. Same. Orderly officer. abbreviations. Organizationalrequirements. for the observation of an area or sector.-The disposition of troops for a march. Same.-An order delivered by word of mouth. Order of march. Obstacle. defenses.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives. military symbols. tactical or protective. and writing or printing. observation of artillery fire.-Any device or feature. Requirements. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. for the study of objectives. Officer of the day. using conventional signs. or drawings. approaches. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. to show location.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data. charts.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. Same. and command. Oral order. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). overlays.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. or their order in the march column. either natural or artificial.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. Offshore patrol. courier.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. Observation post.

Overlay. etc. are shown. Expeditionary force. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. No equivalent. Trace. enemy positions. as of artillery.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line.. Line of outposts.-(See Unit loading. .) Outpost area. Same. Same.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations. Orient. Same. 45 Same. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. Outpost. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Outguard.) Organizationfor combat. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. the length of the full step in quick time. field works. on which various locations. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). Rate of movement. British No equivalent.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. to make another conversant with. targets. Overseas operations.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. Forward standing patrol. Outpost line of resistance. S. (See Combat outpost. Outflank.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. Pace. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. Same.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. To inform or explain. To identify directions on the terrain.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery.U.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. for laying over a map.-A step of 30 inches.

-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. in issuing his initial orders. common in northern countries. Same. and parking vehicles. Penetration. Same.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. British No equivalent. Park. Personnel carrier. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. Same. Photogrammetry.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. Same.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. in initiating the movement forward to position. maintaining.-A motor vehicle.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Report line. Leapfrogging.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear. Passage of lines.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. the battlefield. . sometimes armored. Same. Phase line. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes.-A form of individual pack. Same. Parachute troops. Party. Patrol. and on. and in the occupation and organization of the position. Same. Persistentagent. Same. or both. The act of patrolling.

S. Same. Piquet or patrol. as the basis for his orders to his command. Post exchange (PX). Army.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. Same. Point.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. (See fig. Photographic reconnaissance. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. assembly. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. a scale and a directional arrow. Picket. Plain text (or clear text or plain language).) Position in readiness. 1. Pin point. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. (Point section of the) van guard.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. Plan. Canteen or Navy. British Same.) Movable obstacles. 47 Same.-A scheme or design. Position of readiness.U. including.-The text of a message which. No equivalent. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). Port of Embarkation. 5. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping.-Obstacles capable of being moved.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. Portable obstacles.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. on its face.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. Photomap. . standing Same. specifically for any military operation.-(See Assembly area. Position. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. Same.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. p. at least.

or the performance of several tasks.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. Same. Provisional map. road. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately).artillery. or instruction) is not interrupted. classified as interceptor and fighter. Pursuit. Preparation.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Same.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action. Priorities. Same.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). Important message. in order of time. . It may contain form lines or contours.-Definite rulings which establish. Primary firing position. Pursuit aviation.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops.-(See Artillery preparation. Same.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Precede. Prisonersof war. Fighter aircraft. under quarantine. water. No equivalent.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. the precedence of shipment. British Predicted fire. or other transport.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. Quarantine. working.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. Same. Priority message. the movements of rail. Protective obstacles. drill.

-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). effective (extreme) (minimum). Reconnaissance. usually by small forces. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). The direction away from the enemy.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. Same.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. Raid. or to observe terrain.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. No equivalent.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. Same. . Same or rear patrol (See fig. 1st and 2d Divisions.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. p. Same. designated by a unit commander. R a dio-telephony (R/T)." Railhead distribution. An offensive movement. 1. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party. 1st Division. 5. Harbouring party. Same.U." "Ammunition Railhead.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead. Rear party.) Rate of march. Range. such as "Class I Railhead. S. Same.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. A billeting party.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Reconnaissance patrol. Rear. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). Rallying point.-The operation of searching for information in the field.--Radio communication by means of the voice.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. Same or speed.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. No equivalent.-A point. Rear guard.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)).) Same. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie. Same. directed against an enemy. Ration cycle. to maintain contact with the enemy. Ration.

ment. Reinforcements.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique).-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment. . a selected course.Brigade reserve area.-Formerly. filler (loss).) along and behind the regimental reserve line. Replacement. p.-A traffic control agency estab.) Regulating officer. Repatriate.) Regimental reserve area. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. 39. 39.-An individual available for assign.-A series of overlapping ver. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations. lating station. mental reserves in the battle position. p.-An area in which the regi. Regulating station. and operation for a given period. organizational. initial.-The officer in charge of a regu. 3. maintenance. Regimental reserve line.Sector control.-An individual who is restored or Same. and reserve.-The computed needs for a military Same. a supply point or estab.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip.-An easily recognizable point Same. (See fig. strength of another body of troops.) Registration.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.Same.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. returned to his own country or citizenship. 3. I Mosaics (verticalonly). Regulating point.-A line designated to co. (See Supply point.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. Replacement. especially for combat purposes. They are classified as individual. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment.Reinforcement.) Requirements. maintenance. Refilling point.Same.-Troops used to augment -the Same.

A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy.) Responsible officer. Individual reserves. S. animal.-(See Beach reserves.U. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition. Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization. to attract the enemy in a desired direction. Reserves. Same.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. Battle reserves.) Requisition.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit.) Reserves (supply). Same. beach." Battle reserves are supplies. Same. Withdrawal. Reserve (tactical). individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. Reserve requirements. same (b).-A retrograde movement of the main forces which.-Supplies accumulated by the army.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. A request for supplies. .-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. Retirement.-Those carried on the soldier.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. also designated as "reserve supplies. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency.-a. Reserve supplies. (See also Credit. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. b. British Indent (a). Unit reserves. detached corps.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply.

Property so collected. Withdrawal. Same.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. S-s. Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Same.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Same. S-3.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Same. Same. The act of retreating. Rolling barrage. United States Retreat.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. navigable waters. Routes of communication. . Same. S-1.) Salient. and airplane landing facilities. To recover or save. Roving gun (Field Artillery).--(See General Staff. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. Salvage. Retrograde movement. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream.-The collection of abandoned. Road crater. Same.-A message requiring no special precedence.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal. Same. Same.-A foot messenger. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. Same. the presence of rail facilities. Reverse slope. Same. Right (left) bank of stream.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Routine message. Moving barrage.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.-A movement to the rear. S-4. Road space. Road block. captured. Runner.

-The text of a message which. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. 53 British Plan of attack. It includes both fixed and mobile armament.) Same.-A section of terrain. p. in using ground and cover. Coast defence artillery.) Secret text (or secret language).-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). Same.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. Same. (See Defense area. .-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation. Arc of fire. Same. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. in observing. A man who gathers information in the field.) Sector of fire. designated by boundaries. Message in cipher or code. Screening smoke. The body of troops used to screen a command.-(See Seize.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.U. on its face. 2. (See Same (but without a cover). Schedule fires.-(See Holding attack. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. fig.) Same.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. Screen.--(See Prearranged fires.-The use or application of sanitary measures.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber.-A man specially trained in shooting. and in reporting the results of observation.) Scheme of maneuver. To act as a scout. Secure. S.) Sector. 10. Scout. Secondary attack. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. Scout car. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible.

Supply units .-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. The protection resulting from such measures. That which covers or defends. Covering detachment. Shelter. Same.-Any form of concealment from view. No equivalent. No equivalent. Same or cover. . Supply units. equivalent to U. Serial. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. Sentry squad.) the enemy. Security detachment. S. heavy shellproof. maintenance. To afford or provide shelter. light. A screen.the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. Same.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. over or short of the target. Seize (or secure). or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons. Judging."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). communication. annoyance. Sensing. (See Train. Shelter. with or without force.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. An outguard of one squad.-Formerly.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. and police of the larger unit as a whole. evacuation.-One or more march units.-To gain physical possession of. Sentry post. To Protection.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. or surprise attack by the enemy. placed under one commander for march purposes. preferably with the same march characteristics. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. screen or cover from notice.) Service units (or elements). transportation. by 3-inch shells. "Restricted"). Service train. Shelter.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. construction.

Same. constitutes the appreciation of the situation).) British No equivalent. Signal security. Signal communication. Same (for formations below the division. Signal operation instructions. Slit trenches. which affect a command at any given time.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. S. They include such items as the positions.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. Same. considerations of time and space. and the mission to be accomplished.) (Short) ton. and the possible lines of action.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position.. etc. Shelter trenches.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means.. and messages. etc. . splinter-proof. Same.U.-The weight of 2. but contained ii) the formation operation order). Same. Same (a consideration of these conditions. Single-lens camera. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. against splinters of high-explosive shell. armament. Same. Situation. or by the solution of codes.) Signal intelligence. Shelter. terrain.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time.000 pounds avoirdupois.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. strength.-(See Signal security. followed by a decision. ciphers. (See Foxhole.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. followed by an intention. light shellproof. taken as a whole. the weather. constitutes the estimate of the situation. and on which its plans must be based. (A consideration of these conditions.-All the conditions and circumstances. and grenades. Short ton. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. and the possible courses of action. Signal communication security. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. except mail or direct personal agency. by detection of secret inks.

In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. Skirmishers. No equivalent. Squadron (Air Corps). Small-scale maps. Same. It includes the heads of the administrative.) Staging area.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. Same.-A staff group. Sniper. administrative. Ski troops. usually Infantry. All responsibility rests with the commander. . usually an expert shot. Sledges. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. Rest camp.-The authority exercised by a staff officer. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical.-Soldiers.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. in whose name all orders are given.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. Special staff. Same. technical. Same. consisting of two or more flights.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch. and certain technical specialists.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. dismounted. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. Same.000. Staff authority. (A staff officer. technical. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. equivalent. and supply functions. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. British Situation map. Smoke screen.000.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-Same as sleds. No. (or battle) No equivalent. Same. has no authority to command. Same. but in lower units they partly merge into each other.-A soldier. as such.000.-Troops. Speed.000 to 1:7. and supply services.

Stragglers' posts. No equivalent.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent.--Usually. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. (See Defense area. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. railroads. Same. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Stragglerline. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. Stereo-pair. Supplementary firing position. Stereoscope. No equivalent.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. Straggler. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops.) Subsector. S. Standard operating procedure. Same.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two.-Formerly. without authority from his organization. Same. British Standing orders. Same.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. or an exposed sector of the front.-A soldier. Same. Stereoscopy. Same. who has become separated.U. Strong point. Strip mosaic. Same.-A line. one of the subdivisions of a sector.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. Same.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. the defensive area of an infantry company. Fire on a line. or streams. . Stereo-triplet.



United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.


Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.


G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5


British War Establishments.



Same. Same.

Same. Special force.


Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.



United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.


Same. Unit transport, echelon.


No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.






United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. Same. I~Tar Department intelligence. panels.) Urgent message. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph."-Colloquial. "WT'alkie talkie. Same. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. Visual signals.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. and destruction of tissue. Vertical interval. they include signals transmitted by flags. which is to follow. Urgent call.-(See Contour interval. . . A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man.) Vesicant. Unit replacement. heliograph.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. British Replacement semblies.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. dictated. lamps.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile. Same.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. especially for a movement. it may be a message or a field order. and may be written. causing inflam'mation. bombs. 1Warning order.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. pyrotechnics. Same.-Signals conveyed through the eye. Priority call. Unit of fire.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. grenades. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage.War Office intelligence. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. or oral. burns. etc.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. Same. serviceable unit assembly.

. Zone of the interior. Withdrawal from action.-One or more wire circuits. Wire entanglement.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. Zone defense or defense in depths. Same. . skirmishers. or more conductors. S. etc.-An obstacle of barbed wire.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. Same. 63 Same.-One of a series of lines of foragers. battalion. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth. Line route.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. No equivalent.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible. Cable route.U. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. Same. e. mechanized vehicles. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave. Same.). Defence in depth. company. Zone of fire. Zone of action. erected in place on pickets.-The originator of a message. Writer. Front (i. British Same. Wire line. Wide-angle photograph.

Section Ill. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. window-winders. together with U. S. if these are lacking. door handle. g.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. with definitions. equivalents or. S. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e.. etc.

an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. S. general Attack.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. machine guns. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms.

case. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown . to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.

Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. duty status Operations carried out by land. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. sea.

68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i..Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage. (See Moving barrage.e. masked or defiladed) .) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration.strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) . .

7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Petrol point. S. Distributing point Supply point.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. (See Ammunition point. 6. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex.

70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift . destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S.BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb . EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party .

72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain. with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .

EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander .

g. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent.74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers ..

first echelon Repairs. fourth echelon Repairs. base Maintenance. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. second echelon Repairs. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . S. second-line Maintenance. third echelon Repairs. in which case it is the Area Engineer. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. first-line Maintenance.

screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . double-ended Spanner. destructive Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner.76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot.

TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod . British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.BRITISH.

and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. tanks. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire . Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport.

BRITISH TERMS WITH U. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . S. EQUIVALENTS.

to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot. to Blitz. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck.Section IV. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to Gong.

) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. (U. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. to Pack up. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. to Peel off. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. etc. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. to Pleep Plug away. S. etc. ropey evening. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. ropey type. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Perimeter track Play pussy. to Prang.) .

outside view. that is. also applied to ground training To reprimand. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. to . to Touch bottom. long-distance view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. "ropey" view. lean view. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. poor view. to take down a peg To prepare a job. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. flying slowly over an area. to Tee up.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. etc. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. dim view. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip.

The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". signaller. endorse. organising. for example: a. neutralise. tsar. colour. storey (house). litre. plough. syren. axe. behaviour. harbour. gaol (pronounced "jail"). labour. barque (boat). encyclopaedia. and the "our" (final) instead of "or. f. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. serjeant. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. cheque. levelling. neutralisation. d. syphon. briar. 83 . honour. travelling. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. metre. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. neutralising. alarum." and "y" for "i": enclose. good-bye. the "re" (final) instead of "er". prologue. cyder. gramme. c. pyjama. centre. epaulette.Section V. theatre. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. grey. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. mediaeval. programme. e. enquire. b. Occasional "e" for "i. anaemia. draught. organisation. catalogue. (automobile) tyre. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. fibre.



There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British


Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion



b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for




American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.



b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue.Y British Monkey-nut. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d. suite Geyser e. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. peanut Peanut spread Tart.

mud-wing. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . automobile Coal oil. constable. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. patrolman. Motoring Battery Bumper Car. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. buffer Motorcar. mud-guard Petrol.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist.

letters Post a letter Post box. Knave Cinema. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. here's your party. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead." Information "Line's busy!" . innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. flicks. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. films Picture palace. flick Pictures. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. bagman Green grocer h." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. . cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i.

footpath Sidewalk Street railway. street (or electric or Tramway. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . tramcar. tram trolley) car The Underground.

When numerals alone are used to denote months. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. 1942.92 m. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. then the month. . platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. 1942. as 21 June. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. luggage van Cloak room. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule.) n. 1942.

) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. GHQ First (Second. APPOINTMENTS. but cavalry (horse and mechanized).) Corps. etc. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. etc. a. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use.. FORMATIONS. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect).) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. etc.HEADQUARTERS. 1st (2nd.) Infantry Brigade. 200. p. and groups of armies are formations. artillery. 2c (3). S.) Army. etc. divisions corps. and fig. etc. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. including addressing messages or correspondence. In general. Brigades. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. 10. 199). First (Second. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. g. etc.) Division. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. 93 .) Army 1 (2. 1 STAFF. 1st Armoured Division. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. etc. etc. 1st (2nd. p. etc. par. Army.) Cavalry Brigade.. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. ABBREVIATIONS 1. 2 In addressing a headquarters. and reconnaissance regiments are also units.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. g. armies. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct).Section VI. etc.) Cav Bde 1 (2.

2. etc. 1st (2nd.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. etc." Units (regiments.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. (See notes 5 and 6.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps.) Army Signals.) Fd (Med.) Army Sigs 1 (2.. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section. etc.) Divisional Signals. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. etc.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. etc. etc. ment. Signal Officer in Chief. etc). Regi. ." "I. etc.1 (2. etc. etc.) . 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd.) Corps Artillery.) Regt RE 1 (2. etc. etc." "RAI..) Corps Signals. below. p. training." and "RAQ. MA 1 (2. RA 1 (2.. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc.) Divisional Engineers. etc.94 1st (2nd. First (Second. and CRA (see par. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals. etc. and coordination in general. Air GHQ b.) Field (Medium. 1 (2. etc.) Corps MA etc. Chief Signal Officers. Staff Duties and Training Section. Brigade Majors. battalions.) Corps Medium Artillery.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. etc. CCRA.." and "Q" only.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. RA 1 (2. )Divisional Artillery. . 1st (2nd. etc. RASC 1 (2. etc. CCMA. and their Staffs.) Div RA etc.) use the distinguishing letters "O. etc.) Corps RA etc. intelligence.

except when troops are actively engaged in operations. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A).) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Canrteen (Q). petrol (gasoline). and eventually discharges or buries him. Movement Control. weapons. Staff Captain. promotes him. . Military Secretary. food. The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. or oil.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. Hygiene. Pay (A). 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. Medical and Surgical. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. Staff Captain. vehicles. 2nd Echelon. Printing and Stationery (A). ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. looks after his discipline and welfare. pays him. Chaplains (A). (See note F. below. Hirings (A). It enlists the soldier. Judge Advocate-General (A). whether it be clothing. Pathology. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). Dental. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. equipment. Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). ammunition. supervises his medical arrangements. Camp Commandant. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. Nursing. Personal Assistant. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A).

Chief Engineer_ Commander. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters. Light Railways.. third-grade. captains. Second-grade staff officers are majors. and there may be variations depending upon the situation)." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. and not to the branch of the staff." "02.... Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. Transportation (Q)..96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. Works (Q)... Veterinarv (Q). see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown.... COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -.. . DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------..------General Staff Officer..Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade.. Survey (G). General Staff Officer. Supply (Q). Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade . are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters.. in general. Railways.. Transport (Q).. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI... exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. First-grade staff officers... who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. Docks. Major-General. Inland Water Transport. Remounts (Q). Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master..

ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.--------------Brigadier. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander. Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. General Staff ------------BGS .-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- .

The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. In the list that follows. S." It should be realized. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. as in the U. b. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. that. Regular and Territorial. forces. National Guard. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. which was very similar to the U. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. however. therefore. all of which have been mechanized.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. S.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. the largest being the Territorial Army.

of which this is the 2nd. are a part of the RHA. c. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). below). formerly known as The Life Guards. 2/4 Hamps. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. In this case. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). Ist and 2nd. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. by the Royal Armoured Corps. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. . one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). and not to any other regiment. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) .ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). and as such are considered a part of the King's household. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. that is. At the present time. two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. now mechanized. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. But when on parade with its guns. 10Now one regiment. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only.

100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. above.) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. (See also note 11. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). . Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 .-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f.

which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion).ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. No. No. beginning with The Royal Scots. the last to be formed. Each regiment received a number as it was formed. The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). The Rifle Brigade. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. has no number. The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2).

The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra.---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex .102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19).

. The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71).. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. e. When serving under the Army Act vi.ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45).The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. . the Duke of Albany's) (72). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. e. when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).

Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ...104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number). Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)...._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i.. Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___..-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------....... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------.... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ....... Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -.. Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h..

) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. 2. No. 1 (No. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. 2.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. etc.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. etc. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. RA 17th Medium Battery.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. 1 (No.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. RA -----------A/E Battery. 1 (No. etc. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. etc.) Field Artillery Signal Section. etc. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. etc. Armoured Divisional Signals. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. No.) Squadron. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. 2. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery.

) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----..--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col . etc.. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --.) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2... etc. etc.. etc.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec .. etc.. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl . etc.-.. Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------. etc.) Gen Hosp 1 (2......106 BRITISH. Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2.. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------... MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e..) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f.) Fd Amb 1 (2.) CCS 1 (2..

etc.) Mob Vet See 1 (2.. Cancel last message. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required.. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---. All artillery. etc.) VES i. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.... 1 (2.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h.. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation. not in action. etc.. Armoured cars. Bivouac.) Pro Sqn 5. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron ....ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g.-. Bridge... "Bus" (as distinct from MET).. 5196336--43 -. etc.. All arms (used in conjunction with COL)...) Pro Coy 1 (2.... covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns.8 .-. however.. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area). Mounted men.Inf Bde Ord Coy . The most usual requirements are.

Machine guns. (e. Railhead. Men. Horses. e.) Trench. etc. It represents abbre- . No movement seen. freight cars). Multi-engined aircraft. Guns now firing. Single-engine aircraft. Open. Siding. etc. Target moving. Engine. Steam not up.. Goods trucks (i. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. but not firing. C. Digging. Horse-drawn transport. Defended post. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. B. Civilian or refugee traffic. Tracked vehicles. Pontoon bridge. Guns in action. Ranging point. Wireless station. Tent. RFB. Passenger coaches. Track. Column. Mechanical transport. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. g.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. CNO Reference point A. RFC. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Tank. Warships. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. 6.. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. Railway train (complete with engine). Facing. River.

Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac.) or Army. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. aircraft defence. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Accountant Branch Officer. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Auxiliary Air Force General List. Account. Advanced Air Striking Force. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Automatic bomb sight. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Auxiliary Air Force. or A/C or AC . Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Assistant Beachmaster.

Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. . Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Back Areas. Air Chief Marshal. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Assistant-Controller of Labour. Activity at (reconnaissance code).) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Army Co-operation Command. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Acknowledge. South. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Aircraft carrier. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). of Battle Squadron). Accommodation. Administrative Commandant. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Army Co-operation Squadron. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Anti-coastal motorboat. Aircraft Carrier Squadron.110 AC (No. Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Air Commandant (see also A Ct).

Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). . Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn).

A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering.. Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Air Defence of Great Britain. Assistant-Director of Material Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty).112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). Assistant-Director General (in combination). . Addressed. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps).

. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. Admiralty (see also Adm). Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Remounts. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Survey. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Advanced Dressing Station. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Aircraft Depot. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes.

Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Army Field Workshop. Adjutant-General's Branch. Air Force Headquarters. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Armoured fighting vehicle. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Artillery Equipment School.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. etc. Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Armament. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Aircraft equipment (engines). . Army filtration barges. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Air Force Medal. Advanced base. Economy Cost Branch. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). engineer and signal scales. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Airframe. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Assistant Embarkation Officer. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Assistant-Director of Explosives. Aircraft equipment production. Admiralty Fleet Order. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Aeroplane. Air Fighter Development Unit. Air Force Liaison Officer. Advance or advanced. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Advanced guard. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical).).

Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Ambulance (see also A). Assault landing craft. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Royal Marines. Air Member for Development and Production. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Altitude. Air Liaison Section. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Aircraft Inspection Department. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. . Amatol (see also AM). Air Base. Air Judge Advocate-General. Air Marshal (see also AM). All arms (reconnaissance code). air-to-surface vessel (radar). American Liaison and Munitions. Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Searchlights. Advanced landing ground. Aircraft interception. Air operation.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Airborne troops. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Air Liaison Officer. Armaments Division. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Australian Imperial Force. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Aeronautical Inspection Department. Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Assistant King's Harbour Master. Air Ministry Intelligence. Army Intelliegence Department.

Annexure. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Ammunition. Air Member for Training. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Advanced Operational Base. Air Ministry Order. Air Navigation School. Army Order or Accountant Officer. Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. American Nautical Almanac. Air Member for Personnel.Experimental Station. Alteration order form. Air Officer Commanding.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. . Ammonal (bulk explosives). Angle of sight (see also A/S). Air Mileage Unit. Army and Navy Stores. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Army Ordnance Field Park. Australian Military Force. Army Ordnance Workshop. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Assistant Military Landing Officer. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Air Observer School. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Amphibian (see also A). Assistant Military Secretary. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Operational Research Section. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Adviser. Ammonal with charcoal. Air Ministry . Army Officers' Emergency Reserve.

capped with ballistic cap. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. (projectile) capped. high explosive. Air Production.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). . Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Army Physical Training Corps. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Assistant Provost-Marshal. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Naval. Armour-piercing. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. capped with ballistic cap. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. Army Plotting Room. Armour-piercing tracer. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Armour-piercing (projectile). Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Aiming point. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. Anti-personnel (bomb). Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Armour-piercing (projectile). chemical warfare (gas bombs). Army Printing and Stationery Services. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Air Personnel Department. Approximately Appendix. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Armour-piercing. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator.

Ammunition and stores. Army Stores Issue Ship. Air Stores Park. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Air Raid Warden. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Armoured. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. styphnate azide or antimony. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. sulphide azide. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Ammunition. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Associate of the Royal Red Cross. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Armament Production Progress. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Aeroplane Repair Section. Armoured car. Airman or Airmen. All artillery. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Armament. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Admiralty Signal Establishment. Army Routine Order. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Artisan Works Company. Artillery. Air Raid Wardens' Service. Airship. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Artillery reconnaissance. Ammunition Railhead. Angle of sight (see also A of S).

Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Aircraft Storage Unit. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Australian Steam Test M. Assistant. Naval Development and Production. Assisted take-off. Auxiliary Fire Station. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Advanced Vehicle Reception Park.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Armoured vehicles. Army Training Instruction. Air Training Corps. Advisory Service on Welding. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Assistant to Director-General. Armoured Unit Initial Training. of . Australia or Australian. Attached. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Air Vice-Marshal. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Research and Development. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). All up weight (gross weight). Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Automatic or self-loading. Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Auxiliary Services Officer. Army Troops (see also AT). Army Training Memorandum. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Adviser on Steel Tubes. American Technical Liaison Officer. Assistant Chief Overseer. Assistant Under-Secretary of State.

Bde Brigade. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. BB Bombs. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BAM British Air Ministry. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. BAA Brigadier. . bdy Boundary (see also bndy). bdr Bandolier. BASFUZ Base fuze. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). Bart Baronet. Washington. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation.Ballistic cap. Azimuth (see also Z). BALCAP or BALL. CAP. Anti-zeppelin. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. Ayrshire Yeomanry. Aircraft Warning Service. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. BAO Base Accountant Officer. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). BAB Blind approach beacon. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BAL Ballistics (see also B). BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). Bdr Bombardier. BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BASW British Army Staff.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device.

Board of Trade. Beyond light repair. Beachmaster (see also BM). Bomb. The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Balloon Production. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. . Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Bearing. Battle Headquarters. British Height Correction. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). Baby incendiary bomb. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. General Staff. Bombing and Gunnery School. British Naval Liaison Officer. Branch Field Post Office. .ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Bring forward. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. The Border Regiment. Brake horsepower. Battalion. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Base and nose fuzed. Base Ordnance Depot. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). British Nautical Almanac. British Manufacturing and Research Company. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Brigadier. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Base fuzed incendiary.. Battery Observation Post. double ejection. Base Ordnance Workshop. Blown out. Base ejection. Boundary (see also bdy). Brigade Major Royal Artillery. British Expeditionary Force.

122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. British Thomson-Houston.. Battle Squadron. British Standard Fire. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). Base Personnel Staff Officer. British Red Cross Society. Battery. Brigadier. scissors type. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). British Warrant Officer. Bridge or bridging or brass.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. Base. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Beeswax. Base Workshop. Bomb release line. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Buckinghamshire Battalion. Battery Sergeant-Major. Base Supply Depot. British standard weight. Broadside on. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. British War Medal. British thermal unit (see also Btu). . Brigadier. Base Supply Airfield. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). Battery . British Troops in Northern Ireland. Brigade Routine Order. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). Royal Artillery. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Blohm & Voss.

Calorific value. Class "CC. Camp Commandant (see also CC).ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Canteen(s). Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Royal Artillery. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Cavalry. Command Chaplain. Chief Adviser. Research and Experiments. Catering or catalogue. Coast Artillery Searchlight. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. . Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Captain. Commander of Army Group. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Counter-Battery Officer. Cambridgeshire Regiment. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Calibre. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Central Ammunition Depot. Cartridge(s). Commander of the Order of the British Empire. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant.

high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Coast Defence Chain (Station). . Chief Chemical Inspector. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Chemical Defence Research. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Coastal Command Development Unit. Corps Medium Artillery. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Commander. Chief Flying Instructor. Casualty Clearing Station. Contraband Control Service Office. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chemical Defence Development. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Engineer. Command Dental Officer. Tank Design. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Chief Superintendent. Coast Defence Chain (Station). low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Royal Artillery. Casualty Collecting Post.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Commander. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Chaplain to the Forces. Chief of Combined Operations. Central Flying School. Capital finance claim. Chemical Defence Research Department. Canadian. Controller of Chemical Research. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Commander. Phosgene. Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document.

The Cheshire Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Controller-General of Munitions Production. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Naval Ordnance. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector. Clearance head space. Controller-General of Economy. Chief Inspector of Armaments. Commander-in-Chief. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chaplain. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Command Headquarters. Cast iron. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Corps Routine Order. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Instructor. Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Military College of Science. Chain (Station). . Engineers Signal Stores. Fire Control Instruments. Cheshire Yeomanry. Chief Inspector. Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chain home beam. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Controller-General of Research and Development. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Fire Control. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Chief Instructor.

Companion of the Order of St. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Contracts Liaison Section. Column (see also coin). Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Column (reconnaissance code). Close reconnaissance. Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Common nose fuzed. Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Combined Operations Development Centre. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Closed (reconnaissance code). Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. Central Interpretation Unit. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Care and Maintenance Party. Coastal motorboat. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). . Michael and St. George. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Close Support Troop. Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Column (see also col). Chief of Artillery. Centimeter height finding. Central Ordnance Depot. Central Medical Establishment. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Corps of Military Police. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Corrected mean time. Chief Maintenance Officer. Chief Naval Representative. Captain of the Fleet.

Common-pointed capped (projectile). Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Cordite. modified. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Communication(s).ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Composite or component. Chief Ordnance Officer. solventless cooler. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Company. Cordite with carbamite. Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Controller of Projectile Development. Cordite. Commodore. Construction. Cycles per second. Correction. Controller of Physical Research. original type. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Cosecant. Cordite. Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Concentrate or concentration. . Corporal. Commander (see also Comd). Command Post Officer. Counter-preparation. Coventry Ordnance Works. Commandant (see also Comd). Coordinate or coordinating. Committee or commission. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Commanding (see also Comd). Cotangent.

Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Chilworth smokeless powder. Course setting bomb sight. Royal Army Service Corps. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Cathode ray tube. Commander. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Projectile Development Establishment. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Armaments Design. Commander. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Chlorsulphonic acid. Central Storekeeping Office. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). . Chief Superintendent. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Civilian Repair Organisation. Consultant. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Royal Engineers. Armament Supply. Royal Artillery. Company Sergeant-Major. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. Calibre radius head. Corps Routine Order or. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Counter-sunk. Chief Superintendent. Chief Superindendent. Commander. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft).128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Radiological Inspection. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot.

Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. . Chief Examining Officer. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Dental Branch Officer. Debussing (Point). Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Carton. Continuous wave. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Communications Valves Committee. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Hundredweight. Corps Troops (see also CT).ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Royal Engineers. Communications valves or closed vessel. Convoy. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Coast Watching Post. Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Chemical Warfare (Service). Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Chemical Warfare Troops. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Controller of Tank Development. Central Trade Test Board. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Chief Works Office.

Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Aeroplane Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Air Materiel. Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Director of Army Postal Service. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment).130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Director of Air. Director of Army Kinema Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Adjutant-General. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services.

Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Dive bomber. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Deputy Controller. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Director of Canteen Service. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Armament Production. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Director of Bombing Operations. Deputy Controller. Royal Engineers. Director of Civil Research and Production. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Armament Development. Deputy Chief Accountant. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Deputy Commander. Distance control.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. General Research and Development. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Construction and Regional Service. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). . Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Chief Engineer. Director of Armament Supply. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Distant control boat. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer).

Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Communications Development. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director. . Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS).132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director of Armament Production. Design Department Guns.

Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. . Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Operations Division. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Intelligence.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Photography.

. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Signals. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons).134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Weapons. Director of Electrical Engineering. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Decontamination. Defensive or defence or defended. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Deputy Director of Technical Training. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft.





Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.



District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI


Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Directional radio.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. 10 . Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Director of Public Relations. Director of Postal Services. Director of Pathology. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Director of Personal Services. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Director of Quartering. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Director of Pre-Entry Training. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Distant-reading compass (German). Depot. Double parachute link. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Works. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Canadian and American. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Press Division. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Diphenylamine. Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Remounts.

DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Duty steamboat. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. DST Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Survey. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons).140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). Director of Torpedoes and Mining. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. Director of Transportation. Director of Technical Training. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. Director of Road Research Laboratory. DSO Distinguished Service Order. DWAAF . DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. DSR Director of Scientific Research. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. D Sal Director of Salvage. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. Director of Railways. Director of Radio Production. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Director of Tank Production. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design).

Dropping zone (paratroops). Enemy aircraft. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. The East Lancashire Regiment. Electrical Engineer. Equivalent full rounds. Elementary Flying Training School. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Director of Explosives. . Electric light. Enemy bomber. Experimental Demolition Establishment. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. E Lan R Director of War Organisation. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). for Gallantry).. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). Explosive incendiary bomb. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). Equipment and Accounting Training School. Echelon (see also E). The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. e. Equivalent constant wind. External Ballistics Department. Equipment Depot. Equipment Branch Officer.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Director of Warlike Stores. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Extended Defence Officer. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Exchequer and Audit Department. Extended Defence Commander. Experimental Bridging Establishment. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Equivalent full charges. Director of Weapons Production. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Engineer-in-Chief.

Embarkation Medical Officer. The Essex Regiment. Emergency Powers Committee. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Engine Room Assistant. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. Engineer Stores. Electric and Percussion. Electric Light Officer. Ministry of Aircraft Production. East Riding Yeomanry. Engineer Vice-Admiral. Establish or establishment. Engine Production or engine propellants.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Engine Repair Section. Entertainments National Services Association. Electric Light Observation Post. Employment. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). . Emergency Transport Pool. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Equipment Officer. Equipment. Elevation/range. Extra-mural. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr).

Field Company. Fleet Adviser on Education. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. . Forward area sight.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Fleet Engineer Officer. Fire direction table. Field Hygiene Section. Field Squadron. Farrier. Field Bakery. Fleet Dental Officer. Fire Control Plotting Board. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Fleet Aviation Officer. Forced landing. Field Brigade. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Forward Air Support Link. Field. Fighter Development Unit. Field Battery. Field Ammunition Dump. Field imprisonment. Fire Control. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Facing (reconnaissance code). Fighter dive-bomber. Free aerial mine. Field artillery tractor. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fleet Accountant Officer. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fleet Construction Officer. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Field Ambulance. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fire Control School.



BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.


FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.


FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).


Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.


BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..


ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC


Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

armour-piercing incendiary tracer.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. High angle. . General Staff Officer. General Staff Officer. Heinkel. The Hampshire Regiment. High explosive. 13th/18th Hussars. The Honourable Artillery Company. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. Head. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. Grade 3 (see also G3). Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). 4th Queen's Own Hussars. High explosive.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. Hallamshire Battalion. General Staff. Grade 2 (see also G2). York and Lancashire Regiment. Geographical Section. Hexachloroethane (smoke). 14th/20th Hussars. Training. General Staff Officer. High-altitude bombing. Horse. General Staff Officer. armour-piercing. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. Heavy bomber. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. Hussars or hygiene or height. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. High angle upper deck. Head and breast (telephone set). label. Greenwich sidereal time. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). or mark). 3rd The King's Own Hussars. Grade 1 (see also Gi). High current density. Heavy anti-aircraft. Haversine. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Glider Training School.

Howitzer. His Majesty's Canadian Ship. . Hexagon. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Hotchkiss (ammunition). Hirings. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). High explosive time fuze. His Majesty's Indian Ship. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). Hertfordshire Regiment. Hospital. Height observed (observed altitude). His Majesty's South African Ship. High explosive tracer. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. High frequency (in combination). High explosive incendiary tracer. High explosive graze fuze. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. High frequency detector. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. Herefordshire Regiment. His (Her) Imperial Highness. Mustard gas and lewisite. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). His (Her) Imperial Majesty. Heavy Glider Training Unit. High explosive substitute (or shell). His Majesty's Australian Ship. Head of the Research Department. Horses (reconnaissance code). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). High explosive graze fuze with delay. High frequency radio telephone. Highest possible score. His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High frequency oscillator.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM.

HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. USA). European Theater of Operations. HV Heavy. Services of Supply. European Theater of Operations. HRS Haenschel. USA Headquarters. . HSL Viscous mustard gas. Headquarters. Base Area. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. Hard strength brass (or bronze). HQ HQASFETO. IARO Indicated air speed.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). Headquarters. USA Army. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. Army Service Forces. Royal Artillery. Army. HQETO. HTV High velocity. Headquarters. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. European Theater of Operations. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). "I" Intelligence Officer. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. inspection aircraft. U. HSB High speed launch. HQRA Hour. S. USA Headquarters. S. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. U. HQMA HQSOSETO. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. Army (now HQASFETO.150 BRITISH. Infantry (tank). Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. HQBA Headquarters. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . Medium Artillery. High terminal velocity. U. Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. S.

Imperial Defence College. Instructor of Fire Control. Indian Medical Service. India or Indian. Inspection Instruments. Inspection. Imprisonment with hard labour. Information or informed. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Infantry. Indicator Loop Station. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Inch. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Inspection Marine Craft. Indicating Net Defence. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Inspection Materials. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Incendiary. . Coast Artillery. United Kingdom. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Maintenance. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Imperial Chemical Industries. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Igniter's safety fuze. Indian Army (see also IA). Identification friend or foe.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Indian Hospital Corps. Inspector-General.

Instruction for Practice Seawards. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Initial Training School. Initial Training Wing. Inspector. Installations. type A. Instructions to proceed. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Instructor (see also Instr). Intelligence Officer. Isle of Wight. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Joint Intelligence Staff. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Inland Water Transport. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Instantaneous. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Royal Engineers. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Inspection Stores Engineering. Irish Republican Army. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Joint Intelligence Committee. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Inspection note. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Instrument Production. Royal Artillery. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Intelligence (see also I). Staff (Operations). Inspector. Intelligence Officer. . Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. India rubber vulcanized. Judge Advocate-General. Inter Service Information Series. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Inspection Stores Works. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing.

Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. 17th/21st Lancers. Light automatic or lead azide. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Michael and St. King's Harbour Master. King's Regulations. George. Light Aid Detachment. Kite Balloon Section. King's Norton Solution. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. . Junction. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. Kilocycles. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Knight of the Thistle. Kensington Regiment. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Knight of St. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Ethyliodoacetate. Patrick. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Pound (monetary unit). Light anti-aircraft. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. 16th/5th Lancers. Knight of the Garter. Knight. Legal Branch Officer. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Knight Commander of the Order of St. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). Junkers.

Landing craft support (large).154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft flak. Pound. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Landing craft infantry (large). Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft flak barge (large). . Landing craft personnel (medium). Lance-Bombardier. Labour or light bomber. Landing craft tanks. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Landing craft support (small). Local apparent time. Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Landing craft flak (barge). Pounds per horsepower hour. Landing craft personnel (large). Landing. Land Defence Force. Landing craft support (medium). Latitude (see also L). Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. navigational. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. breech mechanism. Landing craft barge (dumb). Lever. Leicestershire Yeomanry. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Landing craft assault. Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Landing craft personnel (ramped). Lift and force (pump). Leader. Lance-Corporal. Landing craft personnel (small). Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Low frequency.

LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. LMT Longitude (see also Long). LMG Local mean time. Logarithm. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LP Lord Privy Seal. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LRB Long Range Desert Group. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. LHA Local hour angle (east). Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LS Landing ship dock. LPS Light railway(s). LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LO Left out of battle. LSD Landing ship (gantry). Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LH Local hour angle. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LGA Limbered general service wagon. LHA(E) Library. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. Lothians Lovat Scouts. LR London Rifle Brigade. Light machine gun. Lovat Liquid oxygen. Long The Lothian and Border Horse. Loyals Low power or local purchases.

Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Link Training Instructor School. Landing ship infantry (small). Light warning (vehicle). Low temperature annealing. Light. Master-at-arms. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Light warning (portable). Local Technical Committee. Low velocity. Low tension (voltage). Medical Branch Officer. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Landing ship (stern). Lieutenant-General. (See LSgt). Landing ship infantry (medium). Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Left Section. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag .156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). . Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Landing Zone. Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Low water ordinary spring tide. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Landing ship infantry (large). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Landing ship (personnel). Lieutenant-Colonel. Motor Ambulance Convoy. Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Long wave. Military Adviser to the Director-General.. Magazine or magnetic. Supply Service. Low temperature treatment. Military Air Defence System.

MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. Medical Advance Station. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. md Mean difference. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Motorcycle. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. Manager of Engineering Department. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). Motorcycle machine gun. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. MCS Mine Control Station. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. MCH Maximum ceiling height. Motor anti-submarine boat. Member of the Order of the British Empire. MD MDG Medical Director-General. Middle East or military engineering. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Manning Depot. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Megacycles.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. Major-General (see also MG). MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Major. Met or MET . Mech Med Medium or medical. MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. The Manchester Regiment. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. Mine Depot or message-dropping. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy.

Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Major-General. Mine laying aircraft. Military. Major-General.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Minute. Military Intelligence Service. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Military Forwarding Officer. Ministry of Home Security. Medium frequency. Mobile or mobilisation. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. model). Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Military Foreman of Works. Medium machine gun. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Mineral jelly. e. Military Mounted Police. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Major-General in charge of Administration. Military Intelligence Officer. Miles in the hour (speed). Mobile Veterinary Section. Manual of Field Engineering. Military Intelligence or malleable iron.. Motor gunboat. General Staff. Royal Artillery. Method of filling. Mark (i. Master of the Fleet. . Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Military Foot Police. Military Field Photographic Section. Major-General.

Mean' point of burst. Mortar.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Medical Receiving Station. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Military Provost Staff Corps. . Medical Technical Orders. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Mountain. and bolts. Miles per gallon. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Motor torpedo boat. Nuts. Message picking up. Meritorious Service Medal. Medical Officer of the Guard. Mine-Sweeping Group. Material Production Liaison Officer. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). screws. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Military Personnel Research Committee. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla.159 Ministry of Supply. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Mounting. Miles per hour. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Two-man torpedo boat. Military Training Pamphlet. Maintenance Unit. Mounted. MTSD MU my or MV . Muzzle velocity. Main Supply Depot. Metres per second. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Mean sea level. Motor or motorized. Machineable quality.

Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Nitrocellulose. Natural Navigation. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Non-Comissioned Officer. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Nitrocellulose tubular. Non-auto frettaged. NFP Night-fighter plotting. Naval Control Service Instructions. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Army and Air Force Institutes. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Non-ferrous metals. Minor War Signal Station.) Sea Lord. Naval Control Service Officer. .160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Non-delay. Naval Equipment Depot. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Newfoundland. Navigation Instruction Officer. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. National Defence Research Committee. Navy. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Northeast. Nursing Auxiliary Service. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. No break (contact). Netherlands East Indies. Naval Aid to (1st. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Non-Combatant Corps. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). etc. Not fair hit. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude.

No sound back. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). New Zealand. Night reconnaissance.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Not known. Naval Liaison Officer. Nitroglycerine. Not timed or night tracer. Number. Night trace flame trace. Normal temperature pressure. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Nose instantaneous rod. Naval Law Branch. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. Naval Ordnance Department. National Rifle Association. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. Nautical miles. Nose instantaneous. Northwest. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). Naval Officer-in-Charge. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. Naval Exchange. North Somerset Yeomanry. Naval Transport Officer. Nobel rim neonite. . Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. particularly clothing. contrary to regulations). Naval Service or Nursing Sister. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Flashless propellant. North Irish Horse. Not recorded. Naval Land Equipment. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Not in vocabulary (stores.

Officer of the Watch. Overseas Liaison (Officer). Officer Commanding. Operations (see also Ops). General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Observation. Operation or operating or operator. Ordnance Depot.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Open (reconnaissance code). Officer of the Guard or ogival. Oblique photographs. Ordnance Board. Officer Commanding. Observation post. Officer Keeper. Officer Commanding. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. On His Majesty's Service. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Royal Marines. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Officer Commanding. Officer of the Day. Officer (see also 0). Observer Officer (see also 00). (Member of the) Order of Merit. . Officer-in-charge. Officer Commanding. Royal Army Service Corps. Officer Commanding. Divisional Signals. Ordnance Field Park. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Out of service. Officer Cadet Training Unit.

Operational Research Section. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Other Ranks Training Unit. Observed velocity (i. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Principal Assistant Secretary (General).. Plastic Armour Officer. Parachute troops.ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Parliamentary Secretary. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Operational Training Unit. Ordnance. Passive air defence. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. Paragraph or parachute. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Pathology. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. at 0 feet. Over water (proof of projectiles). Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Official use. Oxford. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. e. Parachute and cable. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Operational Photographic Unit. . muzzle velocity). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Organise or Organisation. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Officers' Training Corps.

Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Phosphorus. Public House (Inn). Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Period delay mechanism. Production Development Executive. Postogram. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Pounder (see also por and PR). Production Engine Accessories.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Photographic Officer. Photograph or photographic or photography. Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Canadian and American. Production. Pigeon. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Infantry Anti-Tank. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Production Development Station. Physical. Proof and Experimental Officer. Projector. Park. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Provisional condemning (limit). Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Petrol (gasoline). Partial detonation or projectile development. Port Detachment. Principal Establishment Officer. Telephone (see also tel).

Petrol (gasoline). Port of London Authority. President. Plain language. Paymaster-in-Chief. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Position. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Pilot Officer. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Provost. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Petrol Point or picric powder. Principal Military Landing Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Paymaster. Merchant Marine. oil. Phonogram. Press and Publicity Officer. Post Office. Public Relations Branch. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. . Principal Medical Officer. Position line. Principal Private Secretary. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Regimental Institutes. Petrol Railhead. and lubricants. Pioneer. Powder metal-lined (case). Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Principal Officer. Publications Liaison Officer.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)).

Paravane. Quadrant elevation. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Military Staff College. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Police War Reserve.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Pyrotechnics. Pay. Publication. Point. Proprietory. Graduate. fine. Please turn (page) over. Postogram. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Porton. . Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Physical Training Officer. Printing and Stationery Service. Pick-up truck. Physical Training. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). Post War Signals Station. Housing signal. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Paper. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Graduate. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. white. Quick firing or decoy fire. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Prisoner(s) of War. Private. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit.

Army Ordnance Services. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Regimental Aid Post. Royal Army Chaplains' Department. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Light decoy. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Royal Army Medical Corps. Regulations.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Royal Army Service Corps. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Range and direction as deflected. Quarter-Master-General. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Queen's Westminsters. Queen Victoria Rifles. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Royal Air Force. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Royal Australian Navy. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Royal Army Pay Corps. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Radio acoustic. Royal Artillery Survey. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Royal Australian Air Force. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Range and accuracy. Supplies.

Research Development Mechanical Transport. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Research Development Marine Craft. . Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. picrate 55. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Aircraft. Repair Depot. Radio counter measures. carbamite 3. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Research Development Armaments. Road or round (of ammunition). Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Relief Driver Increment. Research Development Communications. Remote Control Office. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development (Naval). Royal Canadian Air Force. Research Development Instruments.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Royal Cartridge Department. Royal Canadian Navy. Road junction. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). NC 21. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Research Development Photographic Equipment. Research Development Engines. Regional Development Officer. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation.

) (reconnaissance code). Royal Filling Factory. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Royal Garrison Artillery. C. Recovery. Retired.) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. etc. etc. Reserve. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Research Development Technical Investigation. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Rifleman. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). River Emergency Service. Representative. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Regulating or regulation. Range. . Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Royal Gun Factory. Reconnaissance float plane. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Regiment or regimental. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Recruiting Centre. Royal Field Artillery. Reference. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Reinforcement (see also rein). C. Registry. Reference Point A (B. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge).

Royal New Zealand Air Force. Russian Liaison Group. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. 1st The Royal Dragoons. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Royal Observer Corps. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Rendering mines safe. Royal Navy. . River (reconnaissance code). Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Royal Indian Army. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Reserve of Officers. Render inert mechanism. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Royal Indian Navy. Royal Naval Reserve. green. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. signal. Royal Naval Officer. Royal Naval Division. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Railway Operating Division (RE). Royal Marine Striking Force. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Railway (see also Ry). Raw Materials Depot. Royal Military College. Regimental Headquarters. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Royal Naval Barracks.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Rockets.

Rendezvous. Regimental Sergeant-Major. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Right Honourable. Returned Stores Depot. . Research Technical Publications. Radio Research Board. Royal Corps of Signals. (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Radio Production (Technical). Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Royal Scots Fusiliers. Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Radio Production (Supplies). Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. The Royal Ulster Rifles. Regimental Survey Officer. Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Royal Small Arms Factory. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Research Report. Repeated. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Range table muzzle velocity. Royal Tank Corps. The Royal Welch Fusiliers.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Range table. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Radio Production (American). Rounds per gun. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Regimental Starting Point. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment).

Senior British Naval Officer. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Single-axle drive. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. South African Air Force. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Small Arms School Corps. Short aerial mine. Shipping advice and delivery note. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). South African Engineer Corps. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Small box-girder (bridge). Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Squadron Artillery Officer. Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Railway(s) (see also Rail). Salvage. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Standard ballistic limit. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Small bomb container. capped. Railway Telegraph. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO .172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Small Arms School. Shilling (monetary unit). Society of Automotive Engineers. Small arms rifle grenade. South African Irish Rifles. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile).

NC 50. Section (see also X). Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Self-destroying tracer. Smoke Curtain Installation. Corps Medium Artillery. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. approximate composition: NG 41. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Staff Duties. Second or security. Security Officer. Slow-burning explosive. Superintending Civil Engineer. Sub-Contracting Production. Royal Artillery. Single-engine fighter. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Signal Equipment Design. Siding (reconnaissance code). Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Supply Dropping Point. Stores Depot. Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Propellant name. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Scottish Horse. Staff Captain. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Signals. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Sector Control Officer (RAF). . carbamite 9. The Duke of Albany's). Signal Distributing Officer. Special despatch rider. Staff Duties and Training Section. Second-in-command.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer.

Sidereal hour angle -(of star). but the spelling "sergeant. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Signal. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Signals or Communications Officer. Steam gunboat. is frequently used. Senior Intelligence Officer. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Searchlight Directing Station. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Sheet. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Sulphurless fine grain.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Searchlight Commander. Situation Report. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code).- . Sine. Squadron Gunnery Officer. (See Sgt. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Secret Intelligence Service. Sergeant. Signalman. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Searchlight emplacement. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Shrapnel. Senior Gas Adviser. Signal Officer." which is official in the Royal Air Force. Shropshire Yeomanry. Service Flying Training School. Signals. Special issue.

Staff Officer. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Scientific Liaison Officer. Testing device for RAF recruits. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Staff Officer (Liaison). Senior Naval Officer Landing. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Submarine (see also Sub). Senior Organisation Officer. Senior Medical (e. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Superintendent of Mine Design. School of Military Engineering. Senior Military Adviser. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Sound locator. Signal Operations Instructions. Steam not up (reconnaissance code). School of Aeronautical Engineering. . Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery.' Selected Military) Officer. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Organisation and Methods Division. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Secretary.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. School of Artillery. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Physical Training. Superintendent of Experiments. Supply Landing Point. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Searchlight laying.

Stocks and Storage.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Senior Officer. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Sapper (engineer). Supply Refilling Point. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Single-seater fighter. Royal Artillery. Support. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Squadron. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Senior Officers' School. Ship-born. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Royal Marines. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Squadron Officer. . Staff Sergeant. Signalling projector. Single shot. Special Duties Officer. Signals Research and Development Establishment. Royal Engineers. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Staff Officer. Sector Searchlight Commander. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant.

Supply Depot. Survey (see also SV). Supply. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Station. Seater. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). The South Staffordshire Regiment. Switchboard. Small Vessels Pool. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Statistics and Planning. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Sepoy. Standard wire gauge. The South Wales Borderers. The Suffolk Regiment. Supply Officer. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Supply Point. Standard time. The East Surrey Regiment. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST).ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. . Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Slightly unsteady. Super-sonic telegraphy. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Submarine (see also S/M). Solenoid velocity apparatus. Strategical reconnaissance. Superintending Sea Transport Officer.

Thames Ammunition Works. Tank Design Liaison. A. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Tactical Control Officer. Tank Board. Twin-engine fighter. Territorial Army Allowances. U. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Tangent. Track (reconnaissance code). True air speed. Technical or technician. Engineer Officer. TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Territorial Army Nursing Service. Torpedo Development Unit. Armament Officer. Tank Delivery Regiment. The Adjutant-General. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Text-Book of Gunnery. Technical Detachment. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tentacle. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Trench (reconnaissance code). Twin-engine bomber. S. Tank Delivery Squadron. Administrative training. Traffic Control Post. Tail delay 2 seconds. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Tank Committee Liaison. Test and Development Establishment. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Tactical reconnaissance. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ).

S.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Time of receipt. Technical Maintenance Officer. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Tactical exercise without troops. Tests of elementary training. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Trailer. Time handed in. Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Tower Hamlets Rifles. Training Manual. Time fuze. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Telescope identification. Troop or Transport. Tail instantaneous. TNT beeswax. Tank (see also Tnk). Time of origin. Torpedo and mine. Threads. Tank (see also Tk). Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Temperate land scheme. Target. Town gas main. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Telephone exchange. Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Time of despatch. Teleprinter (U. . Time of flight. Telegraph or telegraphic. Tail instantaneous. Transportation (see also tpt). Tank Production Armour (code). teletype). sensitive. Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Thompson machine carbine. Time of burning.

Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. percussion. Twin-seater fighter. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Underwater electrode potential. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Transported. Troops. Their Royal Highnesses. Training. Unit Equipment Table. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Telecommunications Valve Committee. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Union Defence Force. Tank War Office Liaison. Unexploded Bomb Committee. Signal Officer. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). Trooper. . Tank Supply Liaison. Tube.. Goods trucks (i.180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Torpex. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). small arm. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Universal call (switchboard). United Kingdom. Terminal velocity. Temperate sea scheme. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. Trumpeter or transporter. e. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment.

United States or unsteady start. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Volume moisture. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Unexploded bomb. Vulcanized in rubber. Vertical interval. Vickers-Bertheir. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). oral). (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State.. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). e. Veterinary (see also V). Unserviceable (see also U). Unit Landing Officer. e. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Very high frequency. Vickers diamond hardness. . Very mild explosion. Vehicle. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Valves for Oliphant. Very low frequency. orally) to signaller. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. given either written or verbally (i. Victoria Cross. Visual indicating equipment. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Vice-Admiral Commanding. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Variable elevation beam. Verbal (i.. Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Veterinary Evacuating Station.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Message of which no record is kept. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet.

Vent. Vertical photograph (or photography). Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Investigation Section. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Woolwich adjusted charge. or percussion (tube). percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. War Establishment Committee. NC 65. Volunteer Reserve. Wireless electrical mechanic. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Veterinary Officer. Visual signalling. The Welch Regiment. 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Visual telegraphy. Wing Officer. War Department. Wing. War Establishment Table(s). Warships (reconnaissance code). Velocity of adjustment. Watch correction or water closet. Week ending. electric. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. sealing.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Wing Artillery Officer. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. With effect from. Warning telephone. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Vehicles to the mile (road density). Western Approaches Tactical Unit. War Establishment(s). Wing Commander. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Vulnerable point or vent. Velocity/pressure.

e. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony).ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Yorkshire Hussars. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Warships Production Superintendent. Withdrawn and replaced. Yorkshire Dragoons. Yard. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. Expanded metal. g. Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. Women's Voluntary Service. War Registry. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value).. Weapon training. Wagon Line Officer. The Worcestershire Regiment. carbamite 2). 9g. Yard(s) (e. Wireless Operator Unit. Extended Defence Officer. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Works. M/Je. Wireless School. Explosive(s) or section(s).. Class 1 (2). Signifies experimental failure. 1.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). War Office or Warrant Officer. Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). NC 65. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). Women's Land Army.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. . War Intelligence Committee. White phosphorus. Warrant Officer. Cross road(s). Women's Royal Naval Service. The York and Lancaster Regiment. Workshop. Propellants and charges.

Lead azide and CE. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Wireless Interception Service. Zone watch. Zone position indicator. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment.184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. .

Anywhere . usually means Officer or Order. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. at the end.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. may indicate a plural form. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. at the end of an abbreviation. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development.ABBREVIATIONS 7. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. factories. which is. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. usually indicated by s. often means development or design or defence or Department. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. however. at the end. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). at the end.


" (2) "Secret. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war.. or forecasts of manpower. (5) "Not to be published. discussions on new types of weapons. Tables of Organization. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means..Appendix A. ciphers. CATEGORIES a. etc. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret. 187 -." b. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential")." (3) "Security. such as code words. Other matters. etc. (5) (6) War sider I U. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category.13 S. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- .

(3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. location lists. d. and orders of battle. whenever possible. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known.. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. For example.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. e. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. etc. (2) Ciphers. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. . the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers.

... Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line.... Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification. S.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally. and other documents of a military nature. ------.. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession.. ---."-" "Secret" .. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger. CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------... CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification. 3. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification.. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda.. ." Confidential" …l... S... provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded. BRITISH AND U. military training pamphlets..-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- .. 2..

maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500... GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U. S. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile . SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a. Within the British Isles.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles...360 -----I------------Medium. medium-1:62.. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U. S.Large. Actually U. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales.Small..-----. .. maps.--------------Intermediate... S.000 and 1:100.Appendix B.-.. 3. maps and are designated by representative fractions..440 . 1: 253. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.000. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U.000 -----------------Large. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary. S. 2.600 .-. Small ---------. 1: 20.63.i: 1-. . intermediate-1:125. Large ---------...168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----..584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.500.720.... I inch to I mile .----------.1: 633.. MAPS 1.-.000 ---------------. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927. ¼inch to I mile -.. Large ---------1: 40.. 190 . when it was superseded by the Modified British System. 1.000.--------------.--.Small.000 and 1:250. Small ------------1: 126. Standard .

L. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. P. this being called "ceasting. east and west. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. Q7506. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. military grid maps. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. M. Every tenth line is thickened. U. British System (1) Description. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south.000 map series of Great Britain. (2) Use. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. and R. S. Q. thus making large squares identical in size. b. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. . The distance east of the southwest corner is read first.APPENDIX B 191 scales.

6). 5). is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). Modified British System (1) General.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). is repeated every 50 kilometers.': omitting the letter "I" (fig.192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. 0 30 Figure 5.) c. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. These squares are again subdivided. The easterly coordinate is always given first. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side.--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. Thus the point P.-British System grid. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. each of which is designated by a letter. (2) Description. . in the large lettered squares. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . in the small square 21. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers.

APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.{--{wa'r I T . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls..-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened.' W X " ! Figure 6. L M NW ____ .___ °. Modified British System.\ .-Grid lettering. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map.ia. . every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered.Z . Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.. JV :.

to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in .-Modified British System grid. and its reference is therefore vH 6335. The number denotes the distance. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6.3 units east and 3. without unduly obscuring the detail. it may be described as the point of reference.5 units north of the point of reference. 1 inch to 10 miles moap.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. 0--f 0 . (4) Y inch to I mile map. 5 I Figure 7. It lies in square vH. in 10-kilometer units.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies.

-Modified Figure British System grid. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. (v)H 6335. 4 inch to I mile map. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted. namely. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. since there is no possibility of duplication. . 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. Figure 8.-Modified British System grid. inch to mile mp. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-On maps of these scales.

to the (false) . the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. on any grid line denotes. 59 270 O 69 6867 . the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. and to every tenth number is added.-Modified British System grid.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L . 1 inch to I mile map. in smaller print. Figure 9.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. this time in kilometer units. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered.

the point Q is 53. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer. Its reference is therefore 533675. in figure 9. but this is not normally necessary.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system. . The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference.5 units north of the point :of reference.3 units east and 67. Thus.

X. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1.Appendix C. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. J. M. Y. U. F. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . 198 . D. E. B. R. V. C. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Procedure" (January 20. K. "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). Z. N.-British radio procedures. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe." b. O.1 2. G. I. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. P. 1942.) See also FM 24-10. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. "Two: T for Toc. H. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. for example. W for William. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. the word itself is first spoken." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. S. followed by the phonetic spelling. T. Q. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. 1943). L. O for Orange. W.

Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener.0iSi Figure 10. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too..O.Owe "Wun" ____ -_. 22._ ----. .- ..- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. MESSAGE AND RU . 7. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt).H. 6.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_. 9.Six _"Ate" ---. 8.-British message blank (reduced from original size).Two ---"Foer" _. 5. Ioigure ." etc. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0.Eight FORM -------. I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. I10NS OUT .APPENDIX C .R. :usage except for-numbers such as 11. ..--"Six" Five . 2. etc._W 1 PG. 199 of numbers is similar to U.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--.)t.4 ___I___1 l._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR._ _. 3. --. _"Sei-en" ---. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun". S.. 33.1 _ _ _1 DUG.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___. 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-. 4. 1. I . W= ) . . Z44101. For instance.

It may consist of plain language." c. par.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. Niner. Owe . Foer . Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. . p. Six.200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . . Ate -. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. or "stop. to which reference is being made. 1. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e.-. Sev-en --. Fife Niner.. thus giving instructions regarding cipher.. Owe. Six... VI. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. if any.. . cipher.. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom.. . . Too... Wun. Wun . Wun. or code. A period. December 7 is written 7).. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. Wun Six . 93)... O-w-e. g.. Owe . (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec.

(a) "Written message" procedure. By commanders and senior staff officers. No indication------For messages of minor importance. d. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. In the case of a phonogram. . A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. showing in detail which officers may use each priority. T. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only. "Ack" is written at the end of the text.= time handed in. and local time). Signal officers may use this priority. R. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. if any." may be put in this space. I.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. For routine messages.By regimental commander or senior staff officers.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures. Immddiate for messages of special importance. _ By any officer. H. _-----. (T.= time of receipt. is given.-There are several procedures in use. 2 Priority lists. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. O. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. or may be sent as a phonogram. such as "To await arrival. Any other instiuction. are issued by the General Staff.

"very strong. or cannot. reply. e. (d) "G" method. strength 7.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong. This is used for quick questions and answers. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable".-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. (b) "SR" (send replies) method. (2) Methods of transmission. "good". This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. (e) "DC" method. strength 6." .-The message is sent straight through. strength 9. no answers being given. This method is used when the receiver must not.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. (c) "F" method. "fair".-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent.

CURRENCY a. 1 shilling.. 1942).50 cents." or "thrup'ny bit". 6d.. and d. Prices are usually written in pounds.. S. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. and 6 pence.. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. now exchanges for about $4. shilling. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2..50. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. s. Sixpence (6d. a tanner.) ---------------------------------2 cents..Appendix D..) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. Florin-2 shillings (2s. Threepence (rare) (3d. currency. 5/-) ----------------------$1... See WD Circular No.00 in U.) ("sixp'nce". S.00. . Larger denominations of pound notes. 2/6) (two and six.. 399 (December 9.' The table of equivalents given below.. £5 and up. and pence.. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates. Shilling-12 pence (Is. General The pound sterling..) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. a stever) --------------.00. 203 . I The official rate authorized between the U. abbreviated £. Silver coins: Threepence (3d. 6 cents. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. meaning 2 pounds. however. or a kick) -----------12 cents. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd.. British U. Halfpenny (¼2d. CONVERSION TABLES 1. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. a stever)__ 6 cents." or "thrup'ny bit".. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents...) ("thrup'nce.) ("thrup'nce.035 per British pound ster4ing. S.. Penny (ld..

000...000..000) ----1 quintillion..0. orthousandmillions (1. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" ..). _ .204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b..240 pounds.000.000. whereas the U.1 mile...205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).. below): British United Slates J. automobiles. ton (short ton.032 dry quarts... S. I imperial peck 1.000)___ 1 quadrillion. I imperial gallon _---------. . which is equal to 1 pound.bushels. i shilling. or 20 short cwt.000..000..2 liquid quarts.000. 1 milliard.") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds). 11. Thus. Expensive articles such as furniture. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f. _ . 1 hundredweight (cwt. jewelry.000..--------weigh 175 pounds.. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. 1 shilling. when an article sells for a guinea.. .) -----------. 1. are usually priced in guineas..3 1 statute mile -----------------------. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2. I imperial bushel -------------------1.. such as a guinea. J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. or cental) is 100 pounds. 2. 1 trillion (1.. S.. long -------------112 pounds. hundredweight (short hundredweight..000. etc. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound. whereas the U. Differences The following differences between British and U. a 1 ton.. precious stones. long (20 long cwt..000..7.000 pounds.000. . half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny").000.. I thousand billions (1.000.240 pounds..) is 2. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. 1 billion (1...000.______ 2. 1.03 pecks. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.000) -------------_ 1 trillion.000)__ 1 billion. S.

but such a ratio is incorrect.4D 2 N. Horsepower In Great Britain. However. . The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. In some tables of equivalents.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3.5. which is normally used in the United States.APPENDIX D 205 b. 2 3 3 . as in the United States.1416. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33.7. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U." horsepower. The brake horsepower formula. all of which are similar. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. For example. S.

(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. and Water4 (1) Formulas.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. Oil. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. . Gasoline. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds.

3333 20.853.0317 . 000 400.44 30. 029.0395 1.67 15.6093 8 1 4. 000 253.54 I The geographical.6667 40.05 25.8 1. 515 1 73.84 10 7. 333 3. 000 . 8 16 110 201. 91 63.672 .97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.080 feet (1. 000 78. several different values are in use.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1. 1 M.025 36 . 760 5. 000 . 267 1.853.1333 . 360 1 62.05 .0273 1. 8554 9. 34 . 012 183 100 91. 240 . 855.584 .971 1.15: 5 . 313 5 4. 534 . 1 6.Stat. 934 100.1578 5. S. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.025 . 223 1 1.6 2.2 meters).01 126.5 2 1. and is called the Admiralty mile. 000 633.6 .0 yards. 800 300.5 30.6336 1.000 20. 10.0634 . nautical.609. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere.000 100 B4t 9 4. 000 75.9864 50.000 .946 3.0528 12 67 . that of the U. 120 . . 000 100. 2 80 880 1. 667 1 10. 000 .2112 . 2.2. 4 . 600 500.25 3 .5. 37 36 12 7.5069 . 080 150.2534 .72 . 440 250. Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.6313 31. 13 47. 1529 1. 891 6.0158 .3333 .1056 6. 000 . 000 190. 470 10 18.829 2 6 1 1. 720 125.2367 12.4224 . 000 80.1 M. 087.0211 . 336 . 000 126.112 3 2. 281 1 3 1 9.0158 500 .005 1. 35 31. 3 M. 578 1.0789 2. 0936 3. 000 .317 . 1.4735 25.0079 e.12 22 66 1 1. 1. s2 109 200 . 1.1 .5 .0845 .1267 . 280. 25. 6 3.7891 42. 891 9.0127 .6336 -.3946 . 2 220 660 I 11 20.85325 kilometers).0333 . 336 1 4 3.2 . British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.014 .224 .8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7.000 1. 370 7. 500 .1267 .248 meters. 000 4. 2. 117 2. 000 316.680 . 21 600 of a great circle of the earth. 537 160. 046 63. 1.093.2112 3.0422 . 36 .4.25 1.578 1. 78 11. 840 .5 6. 5 1.000 . 94 -20 40 56.25 1 8 .027.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .1584 . 280 49.920 792 72 39.57 23.735 4 3.5 1. 313 6 667 7. 23 1.. 500 .184 .12 2. 971 491. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6.4 .5 5261 6667 . ms to m . 1584 .8 1 1. or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me. 5 3.APPEINDIX P 207 d.367 2. 71 546.4224 1. 2M.267 .0833 .3333 .1578 .014. 735 5 6. 4 M.92 1 185.7600 .0176 63.792 . .3.0667 1 .1 12 .2534 2.3946 21. 360 39.901 1.000 . 560 .2 . 168 . 157 .168 3 2:534 2.4 2 . 946 4 4. 48 20.75 63. 750.15155 statute miles.3168 2.25 . 280 .7891 .20 feet (1.25 15. 000 . 4 2. 344 4 . 263 1. .157 15. 367 2 1.3 1.625 1.Kilo.3168 .973 1.02 .5 1. 000 200.2 25 .157 3 2. 223 8.

Grams -. _'_1.-----------.387 ..001 3403 746. Horsepower (metric)'l-. U..000 948 1055.-Meters per second .-.02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496. K. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal .... ...... Feet per second..001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76...---......186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -... 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -..000 376 8 Kilowatts -......------.. 000 948 1055.. 0254 39.. Centimeter .. ..........013 15 Horsepower---------...------.... S 1. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1.....-Square meters.....---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.---..-.0 .. 238 8 4...830 Horsepower -------. .5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters . 508 1. 4 .681 82 1. Horsepower ..152 .... 1...16 .Cubic meters_-----------------_ .. .---0648 15.0 Cubic feet _.014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -.986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550. .....-Kilometers per hour...3862 Square kilometersSquare ....... 3937 2. Hectares_ Acres .----------Feet per second -.0 Feet per minute..340 3 ..280 8 Yards -. . 50. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1.......308 .. --. Feet per minute 54.---..001 340 3 Watts -----. 304 .013 85 ..----..K--Kilograms..47 . .087 feet)-.451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.984 2 Ounces 35.-....068 03 14..061 Cubic inches--Liters -..0547 18.453 59 2. 04 ....7646 Grains -----------------.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------. ....06 2.12 ..621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.8 3.227 3.. Atmospheres--------..... .. 16....04 .621 37 Kilometers per hour -.. Miles per hour..867 4 645.-.986 1.36 second.236 9 Miles per hour-..211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons.0377 36..._---... . 764 Cubic inches ....-..4=millimeters.36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------..76 Gallons -----------Liters -4. Kilograms ..________..------.Gram calories -.. 0 .. _ .--------------Miles per hour ------....... .06 . 35 PoundK ----------.22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ..002 02 14....03527 ..6 6.. ..----------------Watts -.28.913 33 .609 34 ..039 37=inches.. --Inch_ -.746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25.......--.8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1. ...568 1. Meters--....97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----..0164 61.011 363 6 88. Ounces______-_.. .-....097 28 .-.205 .. Quintals_ .08 746.161 6... 432 Grams -...0 Feet------------------------Meters. -. 68 . 85 Meters per second.005 08 196.609 3 ..-----...Meters . Cubic centimeters_ .------1.. I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second....1..-...0833 12..589 miles-.019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) .892 8 1...Meters per second_ . 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1.. 288 Meters per minute .... .-K.British thermal units per .. 78 .914 4 1. 25.447 2.. 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ..-.907 2 1. 2654.155 Square centimeters --0--. ..016 . Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX..028 32 35.304 8 3..Foot-pounds -. . 802 .27 . -.. 223 _ ilograms per square centi.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1.208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f.08 Horsepower--------.018 288 Feet per minute --..092 9 10. Watt-hours ...-.546 . 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------.. Meters per second -.. .070 31 Pounds per square inch meter...197 Pints -------------------------Liters . 0 Inches --------------------.....405 2.'466 7 Feet per second ..

APPENDIX D 209 :. o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f . British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ .

PRNTG GOER. < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o .. RR oG L h..~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I . OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 .~~~~U GERNMN S.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:. British Protractor--Rev.erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C.

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