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L SERIES, NO. 13

MAY 15, 1943

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2

AUm THITrYOF

UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
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PREPARED BY

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
WAR DEPARTMENT

PRBVERM OF U;S X

REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY

AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,

SERVICE

CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

NOTICE
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.

UNCLASSIFIED

CONTENTS
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --

Page

1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85
85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92

VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------

--

----

93
93

1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--

a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

g..______3..... of Royal Engineers (. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued. i. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter .. 5. Army Air Corps --------------------i. Infantry of the Line -.. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .. AND SERVICES-Continued. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.Master ... Headquarters and Formations-Con.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c..-101 g. HEADQUARTERS. b. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a.. Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.- a.. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------. Appointments ----------------------d. a.. 104 h... Supporting Arms-. d. STAFF.. c.----_ ------_---- 105 105 . Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------. FORMATIONS..... 6. APPOINTMENTS. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . General --------------------------98 b... Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__. Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e. h.. 100 f.IV CONTENTS VI. e. Services --95 2.... ----96 98 -_______-.--. 7. Regiment of Artillery (RA) .... Household Cavalry ----------------d.. Page 1. f..

.. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------... Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---.. MAPS ------------.. b... CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-.----------------187 187 Appendix A.. -..---__ ------------_ 2.--a. SCALES--__.. c. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c. CHANGE 3. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e... Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -.. d.. a. CURRENCY -__---___--_______---. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2..... STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1.... -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------. b..... GENERAL--______________________. C.... Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D....2..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-. General -----------_____--------b. Sending a Message __..-____-_.. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a..__........ CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B.------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-...__-. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 . S.1....---------1..CONTENTS V Page ...___ b.___-------------_ e. Origin -----------------------.. British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c... "Secret"_-.... BRITISH AND U..--. GENERAL---____-_--. General ----....----------- 190 190 190 3.._____-.-__-.__-..... ---- a.

¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. Grid lettering. Horsepower -------------------------c. 2. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. Gasoline. 4. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. U. Modified British System ----------------. British System grid --------------------------------6. British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I. Modified British System grid.------------. S. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 ._194 195 196 199 . S. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. Modified British System grid. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. Differences ------------------------b. Modified British System grid..VI CONTENTS D. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. Oil. U. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. S. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10. U. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5.. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. 7.. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g.

Since new forms are constantly appearing. for example. 1 . In the lists which follow. S. a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. However. military terms are given with their British equivalents. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. and the U. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. common U. S. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. S. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. and British officers. troops. S. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces.Section I. ton. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. gallon. battery do not have the same connotations for U.

there is no Chief of Staff in British units. United States Absent without leave (AWOL). Accountable officer. 97). rather. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. by the GSO 1 inf a British division.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record.Section 11. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. S. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. U.-Absent from post or duty. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property. military terms with their definitions. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). For example. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. S. Accompanying artillery. S. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent. etc. Responsible officer. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support.-Single batteries. 4. platoons. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. functional term has no British equivalent. Where a U. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. (see fig. . or of funds. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. p.

salvage. main supply road(s). necessary tactical details also shown. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war. Advance by echelon.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. or both. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order). transportation. for the exercise of temporary control. such as traffic. evacuation. S.) Advance.-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. and other allied subjects. No equivalent. . Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). martial law. and evacuation. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown.U. Same. replacements. usually issued by divisions and higher units. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. Adlninistrative order. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. Advance by bounds. burials. supply. quartering. traffic control.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. Same. military governmrent. sanitation.-An engagement or battle. To move forward. Advance command post.-When unqualified. To make progress in the direction of the enemy. construction. Same or administration map.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. Administration.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. computations pertaining to movements. Adilressee. train bivouacs. Same. straggler line. personnel management.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. maintenance." It comprises: supply. censorship. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action.-An order covering administrative details. such as supply and evacuation installations. Same. rear echelon. Administrative map. graves registration. (See also Combat orders. usually one on a small scale.

Agency of signal communication. intended primarily for use in air navigation.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. radio. any kind of aircraft.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard.-An establishment of the Medical De.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. airplanes. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit). Same. units having organic or attached observation aviation. loons. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. Aid station. and wire communication.) Advance message center.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph. Advance on. subdivision of the communications zone. oblique (vertical). . and messenger.-A detachment that is sent out by. Air area. Aerial (or air) observation. Van guard.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. tion to which the wounded are brought.000). the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers. or airships. (RAP) (in the case sorting.) Aeronautical charts. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. (See cedes the main body on the march. fig. and moves ahead of. 1. Aerial (or air) photograph.-Observation from bal. visual. Advance party. pertaining to air navigation has been added.-A term embracing Signal unit.000. signal intelligence. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. Advance section.Advanced guard.-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. (See fig.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment. pigeon.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph.-Advance toward. signal supply. Aerial (or air) photograph.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area.Aerial observation.-A security detachment which pre. sound. the support of the advance 1.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat.

Figure 1. (4) Van guard. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit). . march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). Rear guard: (9).o. (8) (Same.) (7) Advanced guard. O U. S.S.tU. (10) Main body of rear guard.. (12) Rear parties of rear guard. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L.S. (3). (5) Main guard.-U. (11). (6). (13) Rear guard mobile troops. (2). ROUTE COLUMN ( U.

Air superiority (or advantage). Alinement. Vigilant. Same.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air. Alternative site.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. Alert. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. Air raid warning system. Air-landing troops. Air superiority. Same. arming. Fighter command. Alternate emplacement. Air defense command. . or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. Ambulance loading post. including aircraft warning services. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. balloon barrages.-A warning system consisting of observers. information centers. antiaircraft artillery. Alternative position. Airborne troops. An alarm warning. operating. Alignment. pursuit aviation.-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition. Car post (CP). Airdrome. and maintaining military aviation units. Same.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Alternate firing position. British Same. Aircraft warning service.-A landing field. Aerodrome.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.-A state of readiness for movement or action.

Anti-tank ditch. also. usually in extended Same. employed to amplify orders and reports. etc.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion). any device similarly operated. front to rear and vice versa. forms.-The advance. or air attack is encountered.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. Antitank mine field. charts. Appendices and traces or annexures. The route leading to anything.-A point established for the ad. Approach march. and establishments against mechanized. Ambush. Antitank weapons.-Orders. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. Antitank mine. Approach. Antitank ditch. overlays.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery.. sage of track-laying vehicles.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). to protect troops.-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. installations. mission is employment against armored vehicles. Antimechanized defense.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. to the point of effective small-arms fire. It includes passive means of defense.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. To attack from such a position. Annexes. maps. sketches. dispositions. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. or armored units. graphs. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station. defence Antiaircraft defense. forces against attack from the air. as a bridge.IU. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it. . S. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. motorized. be approached by an attacking force. tables. Troops posted in such a position. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties).-A system Royal Obesrver Corps.-A route by which a place or position can Same.

platoon. Armoured car. and attached artillery. Artificial obstacles. Assault.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance. Armoured troops.-Obstacles prepared by human agency." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance. When delivered by mounted troops. company.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor. Same.-To reach a designated point or line. King's Regulations.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. Artillery preparation. it is called the "charge.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Same. Same. Arrive. they may be fixed or portable. Artillery position. Local attack. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions. Artillery corps. Armored car. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). division. Armored force. Army Regulations.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander. Assault. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. general. local. Artillery with the corps. Same. section. includes corps. Assault. assigned to General attack. assault.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. .-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. Refers to the head of a unit.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad.

of the elements of a command. fig.-a.-The leading echelon in attack. b. named in the direction of contemplated movement. Attack. 2.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). Assembly area. prior to or following combat. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground.) Unit "'under command. Auxiliary arm.) Axis of signal communication. Attached unit. in close order.-(Obsolete. 10. Supporting arm. 2.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. Attack. The regular grouping. continuing. (See fig. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. S. No equivalent. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit. Assembly position. Balanced stocks. (See also Exploitation.U. p. The grouping of units in areas. forming up or concentration (b). 10.) (See Main supply road.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position.) (See Leading troops in attack.) Attacking echelon.-The science of the motion of projectiles.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. Normal supply. p. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. Exploitation.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. ." Same. Automatic supply.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action. Axial road. Ballistics. Same.

S.) (5) (Same. Figure 2.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position. (2) (Same.) (9) Exploitation. . regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).) (7) Plan of attack.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). (4) (Same.-U. (8) (Same.) (6) (Same.

Barracks bag.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. Barricade. prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20.000. . Beachhead. fire Barrage. usually applied to roads. or both.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Battle position. Balloon bed. Same. Same. either stationary or moving.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone.-Tofortify or close with a barrier.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. S. Base unit (or base of movement).-A barrier of captive balloons. No equivalent.-Prearranged on a line or lines. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. Same. Battle map. No equivalent. Base area.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment.-The position of principal resistance in defense. Kit bag. Beach defence. 519636--43----2 Same.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve. either natural or artificial. under the control of the commander of the theater. Base section. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale).-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon.-A map. that block or restrict entrance into an area. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth. Same.-A group of obstacles. for the theater of operations as a whole. Barrier tactics. with or without connecting cables or supported nets.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. Beach defense.U. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms. Base reserves. Same. No equivalent. Barrier. Same.

troops. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. when it strikes the ground. traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude. Call sign. usually a group of letters. Same.-A system of standing barrages enclos. . Bivouac." and "heavy.Same. Camouflage.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover. the target.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same." "medium. or improvised shelter." Bomb-release line. ing the enemy as to the existence. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). letters and numerals. Camp. classified as "light. Breakthrough. Box barrage.-The distance covered by a unit when ad.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. To establish a camp.Same.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. Bombardment aviation.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. Bound.-A signal. used for radio station identification. one giving a center of impact which is over.Same. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. or of Code sign. armoured formations shelter tents.-The difference between two ranges or Same.--Shelter consisting of private or public build. Bridgehead. classes established in dumps on the beach. ing an area. Beaten zone.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same.Same.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. Billets. Bracket. To put into camp. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. nature. aircraft.-An imaginary line drawn around Same. or location of material. Boundary. elevations. A temporary location or station for troops.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. a defended area over which a bomber. or military works. vancing in one of several successive moves.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. ings. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. and the other a center of impact which is short of.

a screening smoke. Same. is capable of producing a toxic effect. Same.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite.) Chlorination. photography. Same. Check concentrations.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information. Same. Cylinder. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. S. . No. a powerful irritant effect. radio broadcasts. If the number of elements considered is even.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops. Chemical land mine. they are applied to private communications. and all communications. Casualties. Hutment. wounds. Chief of Staff.-A substance useful in war which. detailed as such. Same. Censorship. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. the right center element is considered the center element. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure. publications. No exact equivalent.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. discharge. (See General Staff. Same. Cipher. sickness. Chemical cylinder.-The senior General Staff officer. Center.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. Registration.) Chemical agent. Poisonous gas. or desertion.-The middle point or element of a command. press dispatches.U. capture.equivalent.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. or an incendiary action. Casualty agent (chemical).-Losses in numerical strength by death.

-A fuels and lubricants. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS).-To pass a designated point or line. treated if necessary. pyrotechnics. class of supplies consisting of those Class II. antitank mines. excepting those of the first echelon. oil.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. fuel oil. of all items. such as clothing. and instruments.' Same. Same. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. (Formerly called "hospital station.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. a newly formed corps. behind the first echelon. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. Petrol (gasoline).-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). such as rations and forage. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. Refers to the tail of a unit. Circuit diagram.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Class I. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ).-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances. arms. Diesel oil. and chemicals. Same. purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. . Clear (verb).--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. sorted. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid. tools. and coal. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME).-The sending of messages. Traffic map. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). class of supplies consisting of engine Class III. such as fortification materials. orders. Class V. construction materials. Class IV. Clear (in the). All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. Casualty clearing station (CCS). and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. Clearing station. will eventually belong to this corps. and machinery. stations. trucks.") Close order. radio sets.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs. Circulation map. by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). gas masks.

Fortress command.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. Collecting station. Collecting point.-A peacetime tactical com. Code. . and rear security forces as may be employed.-The whole area of the navigable Same. Coastal zone. Coast artillery district. or numbers. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units. letters. waters adjacent to the seacoast. Coastal frontier defense.-The organization of the Coast defence force. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense.U. phrases. Column. and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. Coastwise sea lane. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. Coastal frontier.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS).-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route. placed one behind another.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.Same. S. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander. words. flank. seacoast. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences. ineluding such forward. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto. only).Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force.-A naval force which may be organ.-A point designated for the collec. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping.

. corps. Combat outpost. Combat intelligence. g. Corps of Engineers. or any two or more of them. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. . land. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. Combat orders. covering any phase of operations in the field. after the outbreak of hostilities.-(See Unit loading.-Oral. Combat orders include field orders.16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. Joint operations. etc. dictated. by the Army and Navy.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. and air forces).-Military intelligence produced in the field.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. and administrative orders. such as an infantry regiment. It is divided into army. Field Artillery. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s. Cavalry.) Combat zone. as the Infantry. Combat unit loading. a field artillery battalion. brigade group). Outpost. Forward area. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence).-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. Combat team. Air Corps. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders).-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. and a combat engineer company. and division areas2 Combined operations. as by two or more allie§. letters of instruction. the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. and supported by.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. United States Combat echelon.

The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations.-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. usually armed and armored.-A motor vehicle. usually run by NAAFI). TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command. has been issued to them. The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology. Commanding ground. One of the essential elements of -military organization. Command post. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. and local produce store (part of an institute. containing the lines of communication. .-A disease caused by germs. Communicable disease. Commissary.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. (See Post exchange (PX). No equivalent. which can be communicated from one person to another. the other two being combat and supply elements. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. other than personal equipment. S. Same. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. Commercial loading.'U. Communications zone.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. To order or exercise command. ration shop. Advanced (or forward) HQ.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position.) Same. Line of communications (L of C) area. the establishments of supply and evacuation. Grocery shop and store. Contagious disease. Command car. Armoured command vehicle (ACV).-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment.

Concertina wire. Same. Same. Conferene call. Connecting group (or file.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere.-a.-To hold in place. attack.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously. woods. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. Contain. Same. for training. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area. Concealment. b. on mobilization.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T. c. Containing action.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. To enclose. cities. Same (a and b).ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. or bodies of water. No equivalent. massed fire (c). Same. An assembly of troops in a particular locality.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges. British trcetchor-bcarcrs. Company aid men. Compartment of terrain. . or defense. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Consolidationof position. Same.-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. Same.-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place. Connecting file. Same. Concentration.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. Multiple call. To restrain. Composite photograph.

Vertical interval. Observation post by day. 19 United States Containingforce. Same. other than the normal zone. Counterattack.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic.. No equivalent. Contingent zone. regulating. Same. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Convoy. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). . the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. within which a unit may be called upon to fire.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post. Same.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. S. Same.U.-(See Unit loading. To escort. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force. Corridor. Same.-An area within the field of fire. with a single sentinel in observation.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. or leads toward an objective. Cossack post. and combining to gain the best results. adjacent contours. Convoy unit loading.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement.-The act of supervising.) Cooperation. Control point. Coordination. Counterbattery fire.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery). Contour interval. Controlled mosaic.

-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. Same. to the top of the parapet. Same.) Crest. Reserve supplies. The actual or topographical crest. Credit. or provide security for.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. and their careful protection.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance.-The summit or highest line of a ridge. another force or a locality. Counterreconnaissance. Same. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). or from the trench board. Coverage. Cryptographic security. Counteroffensive.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems. Cryptography. Cover. Covering force (or detachment).-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. Counterintelligence.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. Counterpreparation.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. Same. Same. Same. or any object affording such protection.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. or defense. To protect.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. Same. their proper use. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement. No equivalent. (See also Reserve requirements. attack. . Same. or by any combination of these methods. Same.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation. reconnaissance.

'U.) than a regiment). Defence. Defense. Intention (a). The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day.-The means adopted for resisting attack. one side being decisively defeated. Daily train. Coast defence area. To secure Defend.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. state of being defended. same (b).-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. Day of fire. Defended locality. b.-To march from a defile. or. Dead space.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength. Defensive coastal area. A decisive outcome of a battle. To conduct a defensive battle. and inshore of.) Day of supply. Same. because of intervening obstacles. Same.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall. sive in order to gain an objective. and later to initiating an offen.-To maintain against force. Same. .--(See Unit of fire.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. Daily wastage rate. strength report is included. Debouch. Dead ground. British Daily ration strength state.-To translate a code message into ordinary language. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram. Danger space. Defense. S. wood. Danger area. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces. Decision.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves. Decode. Same. The act of defending. against attack. area. Daily supply train.-a. Defensive-offensive. or other close country into open country.

tion and fire provided by a mask.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. bay. to the front. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. generally parallel Defended locality.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same.-A message whose delivery to the Same.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. A battle position. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. . force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy. obstructions. or which restricts lateral movements. Deferred message. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions. or sound.Intermediate position. Demonstration. Defensive zone.-A position taken up for the pur. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. harbor. usually including the approach to an important port. Delaying action. Defensive position. be traversed only on a narrow front. Defilade.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense. Defile. or the daiiger of being considered hostile. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft.Same. if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. Defensive sea area.-A belt of terrain. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed.-A form of defensive action em. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size. within which. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. such as a mountain pass or a bridge.-An attack delivered or a show of Same.Same.-A portion of the coastal zone. Delaying position. No equivalent.-Protection from hostile ground observa.

23 United States Deployment.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. storage. Same. or salvage of supplies.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Direct support. .-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. Development.-A part of a unit separated from the main organization.-To release from service. issue. Pursuit. Direct laying. Direct pursuit.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. British Same. classification. Detonator.-An organized locality for the reception. Dictated order. Same." Same.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. in preparation for action. Detachment. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. Same. "In support. S. Same.-An order delivered orally. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS.U. Same. Directionof march. Depth. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. Same.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. Discipline.-An extension of the front of a cornmand.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. and forwarding of replacements. or for the reception. classification. Deployment. Detached post. Same.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns. including the front and rear elements. Depot. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. Same. is facing at the instant considered. whether actually in march or halted. Discharge.-The direction in which the base of the command. No equivalent. and including the envelopment thereof.

Same.) Dock. accomplished im various ways." Dump distribution. Movement to new position. Dump. 1st Division. . as battle. Same. or maneuver. Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution. Displacement.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function. Same.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. Distribution.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. other than a depot or railhead. as between two piers. dump (railhead) (unit). Same. Distance.-A slip or waterway. Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. 1st Infantry.-A place." or "Ammunition Distributing Point.-Space between elements in the direction of depth. the latter become distributing points. for the reception of ships. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. or SP).-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. Distributing point. or smaller unit.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. United States Dispensary. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. (AP). Same.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. to subordinate units or to individuals. Dispersion of projectiles. without hospitalization.-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. A delivery of supplies. such as "Class I Distributing Point. division. Dud. (AP). Same." Distribution. Disposition.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. march.

Element.-The range at which. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth. Same. To prepare a message in code.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. In battle formations. ordnance. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). such as forward echelon and rear echelon. and medical units. as service elements.) Encircling force. engineer. and reserve echelon.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions.-To translate ordinary language into code. Emplacement. Enveloping force.-Troops. Entrucking (detrucking) point. or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point.U.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. British No equivalent (refers only to transport). Same. Enfilade. such as the attacking echelon. Superimposed fire.-One of the subdivisions of a command.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. mat6riel. Encode. Entrucking group. Embussing (debussing) point. Same. Same. The various subdivisions of a headquarters. No equivalent. Effective range. . (See Firing position.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. for a particular weapon. to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. etc.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. support echelon. effective results may be expected.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. Emergency barrage. meaning quartermaster. S. generally different in character. Same. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation.

.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value. its credibility. that is. Same. Estimate of the situation. or formulate the details of a plan. Evaluation of information.) Evacuation. of the terrain not under friendly control. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. its accuracy. including the expression of his decision.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Escort. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. Same.-A body of armed men to guard a person. Same. Escortforce. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. Same. or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality. Appreciation of the situation.-That information of the enemy. and wounded). (See also Situation.-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. and information requested by other units. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. avoid surprise. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. Espionage. animals. United States Envelopment. sick. conduct a maneuver. Assessment of value of intelligence report. also. prisoners of war. persons. Same. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. or goods on a journey. Essential elements of information. and its application to the situation.

TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive.-Formerly. (See also Combat orders. a predetermined line along which.-For machine-gun fire.-The act of taking full advantage of a success. Extreme range. continuing. Same. Same. Final protective line. or both. Same.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. Same. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. Exploitation. greater than in close order.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. Operation order (00). reinforce- . the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. "B" echelon transport.) Field train. fuel. First-line ment.U. A stratagem. Feint. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). (See Train. Fixed line. generally. Field order. S.) Extended order. and not the second-incommand. often fixed as to direction and elevation. in order to stop assaults.-The maximum range of any weapon. To make a feint.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. the second-in-command. forage. A pretense. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. Same. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. Field fortification. (See also Attack.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. is placed grazing fire.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility.) Filler replacement. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy.

Fire. Same. Same. Fire trench. Fire.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire. Fire on targets of opportunity. Fire.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. Fire.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Same. indirect. .-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. Same. plunging. Same.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Same. overhead. Aiming off. Same. Fire superiority.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. low-angle. observed. Fire with a long or continuous danger space.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. high-angle.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target. grazing.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets. Fire.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move. assault. Same. leading. Fire. United States Fire. Same. Same. Fire. or other linear target. oblique. traversing. Fire. searching.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk. Sweeping (or traversing) fire. frontal. Fire. Same. Same. Fire. Fire.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. Fire.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range.

Fire discipline. S. Same. Same. Fire. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. Same. Fire. Searching and sweeping fire. First aid. at appropriate times.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun. Fire. Same. Fixed armament. alternate.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. direct.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. collective. British Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. converging.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. Same.U. cone of.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. . Same. Same. Fixed obstacles. Fire control. Fire. Same. Fire control. Fire. Fire. Firing position. conduct of. Fire. or supplementary.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fire direction.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Destructive fire.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. destruction. Same.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions. Same Same. combined traversing and searching. classified as primary.-The combined fire of a group of individuals.

from the leading to the rearmost element. Flight. Same.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. 1. battery. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear. without traversing or searching. Firefor adjustment. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique.-Foodfor animals.) Fire for effect.-The act of exerting close. or other unit. Same.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. Right flank is the right side.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. flanking.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. British Same.) No equivalent. Same. To collect supplies for men and animals. Flank guard (or patrol). (See also Check concentrations and Registration. Fire. (See fig. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun.-Firedirected at a single point. Follow. Fire on fixed line. Same. Same.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. . Registration shoot. Fire. Fire. Same. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. Anlly fire against a hostile target.-The side of a command.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. 5.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. distributed. Same. Follow up. other than for registration.--To regulate movement on the element in front. inaccuracies in the firing data. when facing the enemy. Forage. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. Flanking attack. p. fixed (concentrated) (point).-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. inclusive. Foragers. Flank. field of.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. or trial Same. Same. Same. by observation.

-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. Anti-personnel bomb. Same. G-l. Same. (See Shelter trenches. (See also Letters of instruction. British Fort. Same.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. The space occupied by an element. trot. The line of contact of two opposing forces. exclusive of local security. in width.-Small. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Front line. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit. S. Fragmentary orders. Same.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. measured from one flank to the opposite flank. in any given situation. and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof.) Gait. or in any other designated disposition. individual shelter or rifle pit. Same. Foxhole. Fragmentation bomb. Operation instructions.-(See General Staff. in column.-The direction of the enemy. bomb. or grenade. A strong and fortified place. Front. 31 United States Forced march. that is. G-4.) Fragmentation.U. G-2. the walk. . Gait of march.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more).-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line.-The space. No equivalent. in echelon. Frontage. G-3.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. Same.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. A permanent post.-The line formed by the most advanced units. Same. or gallop.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell. Formation.

G-3. Intelligence. War Department. . 94-95. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. Each sec(or the "A") branch. p. Operathe "Q") branch). tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. 4. General support.) the division.-A tactical com.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. be confused with G-3). Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). and with the (See sec. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . S-3. GHQ aviation. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. and fig. and No equivalent.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. S-2. GravesRegistrationService. G-4. a fifth section.-Irregularwar car. VI. within the continental United States. tions and Training. S-1. S-4. ried on by independent bands. War Plans lb and 2.-An organization charged Same.-A temporary grouping Grouping. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. 97. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. and is not to 8. Groupment (Field Artillery). with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war. together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit.Group. Supply.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. 96. transport' aviation. G-2.-All combat. reconnaissance. General Staff. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive.Same. note Division of the War Department. not assigned to armies or smaller units. pars. pp.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. Personnel. In units smaller than p.

by hand. frequent small attacks. . against attacks from the sea.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. Heavier-than-air. more Same.U. Holding and reconsignment point. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. raids. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. Harass.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily.) Harbor. Hand sled. Hold (verb). armoured formations or units).-A chemical agent used to force Same. and to lower his efficiency and morale. etc.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination. masking and thus slow up enemy operations. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening.-To retain physical possession. Specifically. annoy the enemy. of march. closely. and commanded by an officer specially appointed).-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same. High oblique. Same.-Firstelement of a column in order Same.--A term generally applied to air. Harassing fire. Hatch. Same. Harassing agent. Harbor defense. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide. (See also Interdiction fire.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. military and air forces.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire. the image of the horizon.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. S. Head of column. it applies to a small sled on runners. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas.Same.

-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier. Forconvenience in estimating space. Actually. Indirect laying. Same. Inner harbor area. .-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. Minute. To deprive of mobility. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target. Same.-(See Clearing station. a horse length is considered 3 yards.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Identifications. Ground strips. Same.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Immobilize.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations. or equipment are identified.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. it is about 8 feet. Horse length. Individual equipment.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire.-To tie down..-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication. Initial point (IP). Personal clothing and equipment.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves. Indorsement." Same.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . British No equivalent. Hospital station. Incendiary agent.--Atermof measurement. Infiltrate. Same.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. In position. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. Same. organizations. Starting point (SP).-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit.) Identification panels. Initial requirements. Same.

-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). Inshore patrol. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. concentration. Interdict. including the movement. British Same.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. Interval.000. the attainment of the final objective.) Irritant smoke. Interdictionfire.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. Same. intended for planning stragetic operations. (See also Harassingfire. and supply of troops.) Intermediate objective.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections. lacrimation.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions. Same. S. coughing. Integrity of tactical units. Intermediate-scale maps.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. Intermediate section. and is usually essential to. (See also Time interval. No equivalent. Toxic smoke. Smnall-scale maps. or both. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing. Interpretation of information.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. No equivalent. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. Intercept station.-The objective whose attainment precedes. Sanme.000 to 1:500. .U. Same. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. No equivalent.

Lighter-than-air.) Journal. Letter(s) of instruction. fig. as from a defile or fortress. as orders or communiques.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. Junction point.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. p.000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Large-scale maps. Same. Same or vital point. To emerge or sally forth. Same. Lacrimator. The supplies so delivered.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue. Specifically. Same. Key point.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. Same. affording observation and communication. To send out officially or publicly.) Liaison. Leapfrog. Line of departure.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense. used to insure coordination between adjacent units.) (See .-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. British War diary. Lachrymator. Operation instruction (s). Limiting point. Start(ing) line.-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Same. Same.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. Landingfield. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries.-A delivery of supplies.-A tactical locality. 10. 2. though temporary.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section.--(See Combined operations. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement. Joint operations. Line. eye pains. Same.

Courses of action or courses open. Main body.-In each tactical grouping.U. Same. Ton. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation. S. Main attack. Long ton. Line route map. supply. Same. Supply lines. Main effort.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant. Same. Same. Reinforcement.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front.-The network of railways. Defensive fire. (See also Communications zone.-The principal part of a command. Local counterpreparation. Lines of action. Lines of communication.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position.) Litter relay point.-The weight of 2.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. No equivalent.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. British Same. Loss replacement. and quartering of troops. Same. supply. Lung irritant. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction. and evacuation. or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Logistics.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power. Low oblique.240 pounds avoirdupois. A command less all detachments. Transport. waterways.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. Same.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. .

2 Third-line repairs (i. 2 Base repairs (i. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC. daily maintenance by driver).-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. .-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. maintenance carried out by base workshops).. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).. 2 Second-line repairs (i. or imaginary. maintenance carried out. e. performed by the using arms and services.") Maintenance.. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. other than first echelon maintenance. e. Maneuver. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. Maintenance. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy. e. though one side may be outlined. etc.-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. ordnance.--Driver's maintenance. first echelon. Same. Maintenance. (Formerly called "axial road. Manifest (ship's). Maintenance. 3. 2See p. 14. (See fig. e. represented. note 1. Maintenance requirements.-That maintenance. third echelon. maintenance carried out by army workshops). The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises.. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops).).-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo.) Main artery of supply. 2 Manoeuvre.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. Main supply road. First-line repairs (i. R E.-Movement so designed as to place troops.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. fourth echelon. mat6riel. second echelon.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance.

Figure 3.-U. (4) Company sector. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology). S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (3) Platoon sector. (5) Battalion sector. (2) Brigade reserve position.U. S. . (6) Brigade reserve area.

Same. Movement graph. or some part of it. according to some given scale or projection. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof.-A graphical presentation of a march. movement Same. visual. and wire communication. March on. or while regular outposts are being established. March unit. sound.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. showing the relative size and position.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. British Same or track discipline. March outpost. etc. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. woods. of the parts represented.-March toward.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. March graph. radio. (See also Security detachment.) March table. No equivalent. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables. Martial law.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march. . usually an intervening hill.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. Same or table. Covering detachment.) March discipline. Mask (obstruction). either by proclamation or as a military necessity.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. Same. pigeon. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). such as messenger. Maps. Means of signal communication. Same. Group.

maps. Signal office. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons. 190. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). is undesirable. p. documents.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed. Same.U. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning. (See app. Encounter or contact battle. transmission. and those arriving by special messengers.000. those handled by the military or civil postal service. Meeting engagement.-A term which includes all instructions. Memorandum receipt. Same or signal or despatch. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use.) B.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle. Message center.) Military crest.-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. Crest. in plain language or code. Message. tactical. par. intended for strategical.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. S. orders. therefore. Message. reports.000 to 1:125. etc.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire. 2. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency.) Mechanized cavalry. local messages. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization. Same. transmitted by a means of signal communication.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. Medium-scale maps. Receipt. Same.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message. photographs. and its further use. . Mechanized unit. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment..

Mine layer. Same. Mine planter. Same.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations. Daily strength state. Minimum range. tractor-drawn.-Information.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. information concerning a possible or actual enemy. Mission. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps").-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. United States Military government. and truck-drawn artillery. Mopping up.-Evaluated and interpreted Same.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops. Morale. Same. Same. Mobile reserves. Same or task. used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. gathered from any source. Military intelligence. Same. Mobile armament.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. Military information. Military Police.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. or theater of operations. . together with the conclusions drawn therefrom.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. Minimum crest clearance.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. This class consists of railway. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Morning report.42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same.

S.-Not poisonous. Neuttalise. Same. Neutralising fire.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles. Same. . Same.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit. in general. Objective.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Mutual support. Nontoxic. and. Normal zone.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel. Nonpersistent agent. Same. forests.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered. 519636°--43----4 Same. such as deserts.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses. Motorized unit. Neutralize. Neutralization fire. Normal barrage. Natural obstacles.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. classified as "controlled.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other.-The support involving fire or movement or both. etc. Barrage. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. mountains.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. Same or motor unit. swamps. Same.U. hampering or interrupting movement or action." or "strip. streams. Same.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome." "uncontrolled.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports." Motorization. Zone of fire. rendered one another by adjacent elements. Same (but with no definite time limit).-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission. Multiple-lens camera.

approaches. Orderly officer. . Same. and writing or printing. Same. for the observation of an area or sector. Officer of the day.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives.44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. observation of artillery fire.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit. Requirements. Observation post. or their order in the march column. charts. and command. Organizationalrequirements. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. maps. Operation map. (or sketch) Verbal order. Oral order. etc. Obstacle.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. fixed or portable. for the study of objectives. using conventional signs.-Any device or feature. British No equivalent. either natural or artificial. photographs. defenses. courier.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. or drawings. Same. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. abbreviations. No equivalent. and other important data concerning the objective. overlays. to show location. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance).-An order delivered by word of mouth.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire.-The disposition of troops for a march. Offshore patrol. tactical or protective. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. Same. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities. Observation aviation. Operation map. Order of march. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. military symbols. and liaison duty for ground units.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical.

-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. on which various locations. Same.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. targets. Orient. British No equivalent.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. S. To inform or explain. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading. Rate of movement. 45 Same. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce). Forward standing patrol.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. Trace.-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost. Same. Outpost. for laying over a map.-(See Unit loading. Pace.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. To identify directions on the terrain.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations. enemy positions. .. as of artillery. Line of outposts. (See Combat outpost.) Organizationfor combat. Overlay.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. etc. to make another conversant with. To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. Outpost line of resistance. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground.) Outpost area. Outguard. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. No equivalent. are shown. Expeditionary force. Same.-A step of 30 inches. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. Overseas operations.U. Same.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. field works. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. Outflank.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. the length of the full step in quick time.

-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Park.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. Same. Party. Leapfrogging. maintaining. British No equivalent. Same. common in northern countries. Passage of lines. Patrol. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. Parachute troops. . in initiating the movement forward to position. Phase line. and on. Same. or both. in issuing his initial orders. Penetration. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. Report line.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. Photogrammetry. The act of patrolling.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. Persistentagent. Personnel carrier.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. and in the occupation and organization of the position.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. the battlefield. and parking vehicles. Same.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes.-A motor vehicle.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. sometimes armored. Same. Same. Same. Same.-An area used for the purpose of servicing.-A form of individual pack. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear.

Point.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted. Photomap. Plain text (or clear text or plain language). Same. Army.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point. Photographic reconnaissance.-A scheme or design. . p. Pin point. Plan. specifically for any military operation. standing Same. Portable obstacles.) Movable obstacles. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander.-Obstacles capable of being moved. 1.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. Piquet or patrol. British Same.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. Port of Embarkation.-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute. Position of readiness. assembly.) Position in readiness. or follows the rear party of a rear guard. Post exchange (PX). 47 Same.U. 5. Canteen or Navy. on its face. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. Same. Picket. at least. a scale and a directional arrow. Position. S. (Point section of the) van guard.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes.-The text of a message which. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)).-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered. Same. as the basis for his orders to his command.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed.-(See Assembly area. (See fig. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. including. No equivalent.

or the performance of several tasks. road. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately).-Definite rulings which establish. drill.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power.-(See Artillery preparation.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation.-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. Important message.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. the precedence of shipment.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). under quarantine. Priorities. Pursuit. Same. Provisional map. Same. working. British Predicted fire. Same.artillery. Same. Protective obstacles.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Fighter aircraft. in order of time.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission. or instruction) is not interrupted. . Pursuit aviation. No equivalent. classified as interceptor and fighter.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. or other transport. Quarantine. Prisonersof war.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber. It may contain form lines or contours.-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.-To regulate movement on the element in rear.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. the movements of rail. water. Preparation. in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. Precede. Primary firing position. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. Same. Priority message.

Reconnaissance. Raid." "Ammunition Railhead. R a dio-telephony (R/T). Same.--Radio communication by means of the voice. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. Same. Rear party.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. An offensive movement. Same. 5.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. designated by a unit commander. 1.U. Same or rear patrol (See fig. Rear. Rear guard. p.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. 1st Division. Rallying point. or to observe terrain. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie.-A point. such as "Class I Railhead. to maintain contact with the enemy. effective (extreme) (minimum). directed against an enemy. Range. . Harbouring party. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). A billeting party.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. Same.-The operation of searching for information in the field. 1st and 2d Divisions. Same or speed. Ration cycle. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T).) Rate of march. usually by small forces. No equivalent. Ration. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head)." Railhead distribution.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead.-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed.) Same.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. No equivalent.-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. The direction away from the enemy. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)).-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. Same.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code. Reconnaissance patrol. Same. S.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march.

. Refilling point. filler (loss).) along and behind the regimental reserve line.-An individual who is restored or Same. strength of another body of troops.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot.Brigade reserve area.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition.-An easily recognizable point Same.-An individual available for assign. a supply point or estab.Same. Repatriate. and operation for a given period. ment.) Regulating officer.) Requirements.Same.-The computed needs for a military Same.-A traffic control agency estab.) Registration. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. lating station. organizational. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. mental reserves in the battle position.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. maintenance. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies.-A line designated to co. initial. Regulating point. 3.-Formerly. 39. (See Supply point.-A series of overlapping ver. Regulating station. returned to his own country or citizenship. 3.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE.-The officer in charge of a regu.Reinforcement.Sector control. 39.-An area in which the regi. p. maintenance. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). They are classified as individual. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. a selected course. Replacement. Regimental reserve line. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. and reserve. (See fig. Replacement. Reinforcements. I Mosaics (verticalonly).-Troops used to augment -the Same. especially for combat purposes.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. p.) Regimental reserve area. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations.

Reserve requirements. detached corps. beach.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. same (b).) Requisition. Same.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). Individual reserves. Reserve supplies. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves. Withdrawal. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. S. British Indent (a).) Responsible officer.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement. (See also Credit. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement.-(See Beach reserves.-Supplies accumulated by the army. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service.-a. Battle reserves. . while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued. Unit reserves. Same. A request for supplies. Retirement.-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. to attract the enemy in a desired direction.) Reserves (supply). Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory. Reserves. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy. Reserve (tactical).-Those carried on the soldier." Battle reserves are supplies. Same. animal. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. b.-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. also designated as "reserve supplies.U. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization.

52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Same. Right (left) bank of stream. Same. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements.-A movement to the rear. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. Retrograde movement. S-4. Same. The act of retreating. Same.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Same.--(See General Staff. S-s. Routine message.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat. Road crater. Moving barrage. To recover or save. Runner. Reverse slope. Road space.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. Same. Routes of communication. captured. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain.-A foot messenger. Road block.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. the presence of rail facilities. Rolling barrage.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. . Roving gun (Field Artillery).-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. and airplane landing facilities. S-3. Withdrawal. Salvage. United States Retreat. Same. Same. S-1. Same. Same. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery. Same.-A message requiring no special precedence.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Same. navigable waters. Property so collected.-The collection of abandoned.) Salient.

-A section of terrain.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier. To act as a scout.U. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram.-(See Holding attack.) Sector. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation. Secondary attack. S. Same.) Same. The body of troops used to screen a command. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. 10. Same. 53 British Plan of attack. in observing. in using ground and cover.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). on its face. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). Arc of fire. Coast defence artillery. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. p. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. Schedule fires. 2.-(See Seize. Same. fig. (See Same (but without a cover). A man who gathers information in the field.) Scheme of maneuver. Scout. Scout car.-The use or application of sanitary measures.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. Secure. and in reporting the results of observation.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. It includes both fixed and mobile armament.) Secret text (or secret language). Message in cipher or code.Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber.-The text of a message which.--(See Prearranged fires.) Same. designated by boundaries.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission. . Screen.) Sector of fire. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps).-A man specially trained in shooting. (See Defense area. Screening smoke.

-One or more march units. No equivalent. placed under one commander for march purposes. Covering detachment.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. evacuation. Serial.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. over or short of the target. British Same (also a classification of protected papers. Shelter.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left.-A shelter which protects against direct hits. (See Train. maintenance. light. Judging. Sensing.) the enemy. Same. .the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. heavy shellproof. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation. Seize (or secure).-Any form of concealment from view. S. "Restricted"). Shelter. Same or cover. The protection resulting from such measures."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). transportation. with or without force. A screen. or surprise attack by the enemy. preferably with the same march characteristics. No equivalent. Security detachment. That which covers or defends. annoyance. To afford or provide shelter. To Protection. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. by 3-inch shells.) Service units (or elements). communication.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. An outguard of one squad. Same. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. equivalent to U. and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. screen or cover from notice. Service train.-Formerly. and police of the larger unit as a whole. construction.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. Supply units. Shelter. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels. Sentry squad. Supply units .-To gain physical possession of. Sentry post.

) (Short) ton.000 pounds avoirdupois. Slit trenches. S.. Same (a consideration of these conditions.-The weight of 2. against splinters of high-explosive shell. etc.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. etc. Same. Same. Signal security. the weather. and the possible courses of action. ciphers.-All the conditions and circumstances. and grenades. Same (for formations below the division. by detection of secret inks. which affect a command at any given time. terrain. or by the solution of codes. followed by an intention. Signal operation instructions. taken as a whole.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means.-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. splinter-proof. Same. Signal communication security. (A consideration of these conditions.) British No equivalent.-(See Signal security. and the mission to be accomplished.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. and messages. Short ton.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand. constitutes the estimate of the situation. Same.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. considerations of time and space. TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. strength. Single-lens camera. and the possible lines of action. Same.. . Shelter trenches. Shelter. of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. followed by a decision.) Signal intelligence. Signal communication. except mail or direct personal agency. (See Foxhole. and on which its plans must be based. light shellproof. but contained ii) the formation operation order).U. They include such items as the positions. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). armament.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. Situation.

000.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. equivalent.000. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. Skirmishers. as such. Same. consisting of two or more flights.000. usually Infantry. technical. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. Small-scale maps. has no authority to command. and certain technical specialists. .-Soldiers. Speed. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps. It includes the heads of the administrative. Staff authority. usually an expert shot.-A soldier. British Situation map. (A staff officer. intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. Same. dismounted.-Same as sleds. No.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. and supply services. All responsibility rests with the commander. Ski troops. (or battle) No equivalent. Sniper.-The authority exercised by a staff officer. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. in whose name all orders are given. technical. Same. Same.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors. Sledges. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. and supply functions. Same. administrative.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. Special staff. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. Squadron (Air Corps).-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour.-Troops. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. Same.-A staff group. Rest camp. Same.000 to 1:7.) Staging area. Smoke screen. No equivalent.

No equivalent. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Same.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. Strong point.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. Same. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. Same. British Standing orders. one of the subdivisions of a sector. Fire on a line.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. S. Stragglerline. Same. Same. Stragglers' posts. No equivalent.-A soldier. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Supplementary firing position. Same. Same. or streams. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions. Stereoscope. who has become separated. without authority from his organization. Stereoscopy.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view. or an exposed sector of the front.--Usually.) Subsector. Straggler. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs.-A line. Same. Strip mosaic.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. the defensive area of an infantry company.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. (See Defense area. railroads. Standard operating procedure.-Formerly. Stereo-triplet.U. Stereo-pair. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. .

58

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

British
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.

Same.

Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.

Same.

G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5

59

British War Establishments.

Same.

Same.

Same. Same.

Same. Special force.

Teleprinter.

Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.

60

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

British
Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.

Same.

Same. Unit transport, echelon.

"B"

No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.

Same.

Same.

Same.

U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS

61

United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

British
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

British Replacement semblies. I~Tar Department intelligence. causing inflam'mation. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat.) Urgent message. which is to follow. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. Urgent call. etc. bombs. Same. they include signals transmitted by flags. 1Warning order.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. burns. dictated. it may be a message or a field order.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. panels. especially for a movement. Vertical aerial (or air) photograph. Priority call.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile.) Vesicant.-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. and destruction of tissue. Unit replacement.-(See Contour interval. Unit of fire. . Vertical interval.War Office intelligence. Same. heliograph. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage. Same. grenades."-Colloquial.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. and may be written. "WT'alkie talkie.-Signals conveyed through the eye.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. lamps. Same.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. serviceable unit assembly. Same. pyrotechnics. Visual signals. or oral. .

Withdrawal from action.). Zone of fire. Same. Front (i. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire.-One of a series of lines of foragers. Cable route. company. .-The originator of a message. e. Same.U. mechanized vehicles. Zone of action. Same. British Same. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth. or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. S. erected in place on pickets. Zone defense or defense in depths.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. No equivalent. Wire entanglement. Defence in depth.-An obstacle of barbed wire. etc. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. skirmishers. Zone of the interior. or more conductors. Line route. 63 Same.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . Wire line. battalion. Same.. Writer.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible.-One or more wire circuits.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. Wide-angle photograph.-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized.

if these are lacking. etc. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. window-winders. equivalents or. together with U.Section Ill. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. with definitions.. g. door handle. S. S.

general Attack. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament. machine guns. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack.

Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown .66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up. to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. case. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.

Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . duty status Operations carried out by land. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy. sea.

) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration..Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage.strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) . .68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i.e. masked or defiladed) . (See Moving barrage.

(See Ammunition point.Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No.) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex. 6. S. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte . Petrol point. Distributing point Supply point.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point.

70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift . destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).

BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S. EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party . Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb .

with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .

S. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy.

74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent. g. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline.. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e.

) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . second echelon Repairs.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. second-line Maintenance. first echelon Repairs. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas. Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer. S. in which case it is the Area Engineer. first-line Maintenance. base Maintenance. fourth echelon Repairs. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . third echelon Repairs.

76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . destructive Shoot. trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner. double-ended Spanner.

British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up.BRITISH. to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off.TERMS WITH U. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod .

and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire .78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. tanks. Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car . "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns.

S.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . EQUIVALENTS.

to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. to Gong. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information.Section IV. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck. in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. to Blitz. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot.

rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. to Perimeter track Play pussy. etc. ropey evening.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. to Pleep Plug away.) . S. (U. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. to Prang. etc. ropey type.) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. to Peel off. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. to Pack up. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black.

to Toys Tail End Charlie Train. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. etc. "ropey" view. poor view. to Touch bottom. driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. dim view.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. lean view. that is. to . flying slowly over an area. to take down a peg To prepare a job. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. to Tee up. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. outside view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. long-distance view.

British "our" instead of American "or": armour. cheque. c. programme. b. Occasional "e" for "i. syren. fibre. grey. the "re" (final) instead of "er". 83 . encyclopaedia. axe. and the "our" (final) instead of "or. serjeant. metre. litre. organising. for example: a. organisation. levelling. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. behaviour. neutralisation. colour. f. barque (boat). Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. endorse. neutralise. Miscellaneous: aesthetic.Section V. centre. anaemia. cyder. enquire. harbour. signaller. catalogue. mediaeval. labour. epaulette. d." and "y" for "i": enclose. syphon. theatre. prologue. tsar. honour. (automobile) tyre." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. e. alarum. neutralising. travelling. plough. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. pyjama. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. good-bye. gaol (pronounced "jail"). gramme. briar. draught. storey (house). Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise.

84

BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y

2. PRONUNCIATION
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British

Address

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Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion

DIFFERENCES

85

b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for

86,

BRITISH MILITARY

TERMINOLOGY

American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.

DIFFERENCES

87

b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. suite Geyser e. spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group.Y British Monkey-nut. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. . officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie. peanut Peanut spread Tart. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d.

mud-guard Petrol. buffer Motorcar. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. automobile Coal oil. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. patrolman. mud-wing. constable. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. Motoring Battery Bumper Car.

letters Post a letter Post box. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. Knave Cinema. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. here's your party. bagman Green grocer h. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting." Information "Line's busy!" . Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through. flicks. Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead. . mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. films Picture palace. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. flick Pictures. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner.

tram trolley) car The Underground. footpath Sidewalk Street railway. tramcar. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection.DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. street (or electric or Tramway. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople.

in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. 1942.) n. When numerals alone are used to denote months. 1942. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car.92 m. then the month. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. as 21 June. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. luggage van Cloak room. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. 1942. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. . confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local.

) Army 1 (2.) Cavalry Brigade. many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. etc. etc.) Infantry Brigade.) Army. a. etc. the branches of the staff arc not included (e. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). p. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed. etc. armies. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. ABBREVIATIONS 1. 2c (3). etc..) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. but cavalry (horse and mechanized). and fig.) Cav Bde 1 (2.HEADQUARTERS. 1st (2nd. 2 In addressing a headquarters. artillery. 1st (2nd.. APPOINTMENTS. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. Brigades. including addressing messages or correspondence. 1st (2nd. etc. etc. 1 STAFF. 1st (2nd. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. and reconnaissance regiments are also units.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. p. g. 200. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. etc. 199).) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade. 1st Armoured Division. in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. Army. FORMATIONS. par.) Division. 10. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use.Section VI. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). etc. GHQ First (Second. divisions corps. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion. 93 . and groups of armies are formations. In general. First (Second. g. S. etc.) Corps. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals.

etc. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. etc. . Chief Signal Officers.) Field (Medium.) Corps Signals.) Corps Artillery.) Regt RE 1 (2.) . etc.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd.) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd. ment. etc.. etc. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations.) Divisional Signals. etc. 1st (2nd.) Corps MA etc. Air GHQ b. .) Div RA etc. MA 1 (2. 1st (2nd.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. RA 1 (2. etc. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. 1st (2nd. RASC 1 (2.. 2. etc.. etc. and their Staffs. intelligence. and CRA (see par. 96) use the originators' letters "RAO. (See notes 5 and 6.94 1st (2nd. and coordination in general. CCMA. etc. training.1 (2.. etc.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. etc.) Army Sigs 1 (2. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. First (Second.) Corps RA etc.) Divisional Engineers." Units (regiments.) Corps Medium Artillery. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc. etc. 1st (2nd.) Fd (Med. Brigade Majors. )Divisional Artillery. etc. CCRA. Regi.) Army Signals. below." "I.) use the distinguishing letters "O. etc. etc).) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. battalions. 1st (2nd. RA 1 (2." "RAI. etc." and "Q" only." and "RAQ. Staff Duties and Training Section. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. Signal Officer in Chief.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. p. etc. etc. 1 (2.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps.

equipment. Staff Captain. Judge Advocate-General (A). Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). ammunition. vehicles. . The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. Pay (A). except when troops are actively engaged in operations. looks after his discipline and welfare. Camp Commandant. or oil. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). weapons. Movement Control. Hirings (A). The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. Services 7 Army Postal (Q). Appointments Aide-de-Camp. promotes him. Printing and Stationery (A). At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. 2nd Echelon. Canrteen (Q). whether it be clothing. and eventually discharges or buries him. Nursing. below. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. petrol (gasoline). Military Secretary. (See note F.) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. Hygiene. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. Personal Assistant. Dental. Staff Captain. It enlists the soldier. Chaplains (A).ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. pays him. Medical and Surgical. food. Pathology. supervises his medical arrangements.

DeputyAssistant-Adjutant. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. Inland Water Transport...... Transport (Q)." "02.. Royal Artillery -------------Commander.. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. Transportation (Q)....Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade . COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. General Staff Officer.96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Survey (G).. First-grade staff officers. and there may be variations depending upon the situation). Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. third-grade. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown. and not to the branch of the staff. Works (Q).. Light Railways. Second-grade staff officers are majors. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. Major-General.. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. Remounts (Q). Railways.. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2. Supply (Q). are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches. Veterinarv (Q). captains. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters.....------General Staff Officer.. Docks.. in general. Chief Engineer_ Commander... .

Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4.--------------Brigadier. General Staff ------------BGS .-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters. Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- .

which was very similar to the U. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . In the list that follows. S. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. Regular and Territorial.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. the largest being the Territorial Army. however. therefore. b. that. National Guard. as in the U. S. all of which have been mechanized. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. forces." It should be realized. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units.

In this case. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. 4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). But when on parade with its guns. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) . At the present time. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. now mechanized. 10Now one regiment. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. Ist and 2nd.ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. and not to any other regiment. below). which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). that is. 2/4 Hamps. c. are a part of the RHA. by the Royal Armoured Corps. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. formerly known as The Life Guards. of which this is the 2nd. .

100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. .) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards).-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. above. (See also note 11. Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 . Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards).

The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14). 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. beginning with The Royal Scots. Each regiment received a number as it was formed. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). has no number. The Rifle Brigade. 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). No. Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. No. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . the last to be formed.

The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16).102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex .

The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . . when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). When serving under the Army Act vi.ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50).. when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs.The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). e. The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). the Duke of Albany's) (72). e. they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).. The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71).

Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h.... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i.-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------..... Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ...... Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number). Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)......... Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -.. Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___..... RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ..

RA -----------A/E Battery. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery. RA ----------1st Survey Battery. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c. Armoured Divisional Signals. No. No.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2.) Squadron.) Field Artillery Signal Section. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. RA 17th Medium Battery. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. etc. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . 2. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. etc. 1 (No. etc. 1 (No. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. etc. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. etc. 2. 1 (No. etc. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4. 2.

... Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2..106 BRITISH.) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2.) Fd Amb 1 (2.. Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl . Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------... MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e....--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company..) CCS 1 (2. etc.. etc. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col .) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2. etc.-... etc.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec . Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------... Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f. etc. etc... etc..) Gen Hosp 1 (2. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----.

ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g. however. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation.. All artillery... Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron .. 5196336--43 -.. Mounted men. 1 (2. The most usual requirements are..-. "Bus" (as distinct from MET).) Pro Sqn 5.) VES i. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.Inf Bde Ord Coy .. All arms (used in conjunction with COL). Bivouac.) Pro Coy 1 (2... Cancel last message.. etc.. etc. Bridge. Armoured cars...) Mob Vet See 1 (2.. Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area). RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required..8 .LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h.-... Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---. not in action.. etc... covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns. etc.

CNO Reference point A. Column. Ranging point. etc. RFC. Siding. Guns in action. freight cars). Railhead.. Wireless station. 6. C. Civilian or refugee traffic. Tent. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Tank. Men. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. No movement seen. Machine guns. Single-engine aircraft. Facing. g. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Warships. etc. It represents abbre- . Defended post. Passenger coaches. Multi-engined aircraft. Horse-drawn transport. Target moving. which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. but not firing.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. Open. Steam not up. (e. Horses. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. B. RFB. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations. Digging. Guns now firing. Mechanical transport. Railway train (complete with engine). Pontoon bridge. Track. Engine.) Trench. River. Goods trucks (i.. Tracked vehicles. e.

Auxiliary Air Force General List. Account. Assistant Beachmaster. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Army Air Support' command vehicle.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Accountant Branch Officer. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. Auxiliary Air Force. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. aircraft defence. though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ). Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. or A/C or AC . Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Automatic bomb sight. Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Advanced Air Striking Force. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station.) or Army. Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent.

Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. of Battle Squadron). Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. . Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Aircraft Carrier Squadron. Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores. Accommodation.110 AC (No. Air Chief Marshal. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Aircraft carrier. Administrative Commandant. Assistant-Controller of Labour. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Army Co-operation Command. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio).) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Activity at (reconnaissance code). Back Areas. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. Acknowledge. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Army Co-operation Squadron. Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). South. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Anti-coastal motorboat.

Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production.ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). .

. Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. . Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC).112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Aircraft design memoranda. A special organisation for the occasion. Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Ground Defence. Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Air Defence of Great Britain. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Addressed. Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn). Assistant-Director of Material Production.

of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). . Assistant-Director of Operational Training. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Postal Service. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Admiralty (see also Adm). Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Advanced Dressing Station. Assistant-Director of Remounts. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Survey. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Assistant-Director of Radio Production. Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical).

Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Air Force Liaison Officer. Armament. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics). Adjutant-General's Branch.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser. Artillery Equipment School. Armoured fighting vehicle. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. etc. Air Force Headquarters. Army Field Workshop. Economy Cost Branch. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Aircraft equipment (engines). Air Fighter Development Unit. engineer and signal scales. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Airframe. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Advanced base. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Army filtration barges.). Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Advanced guard. Assistant Embarkation Officer. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Australian Depot Unit of Supply. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Advance or advanced. Air Force Medal. Admiralty Fleet Order. Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Aircraft equipment production. . Aeroplane.

All arms (reconnaissance code). Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Air Liaison Officer. Air Member for Development and Production. Aircraft interception. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Altitude.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Air operation. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. Aircraft Inspection Department. Armaments Division. Searchlights. . Air Judge Advocate-General. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Ambulance (see also A). Air Base. Royal Marines. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Airborne troops. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Advanced landing ground. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Australian Imperial Force. Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Air Marshal (see also AM). Army Intelliegence Department. Air Ministry Intelligence. Air Liaison Section. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps. Aeronautical Inspection Department. Amatol (see also AM). American Liaison and Munitions. Assault landing craft. Assistant King's Harbour Master. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Advanced Horse Transport Depot.

Annexure. Australian Military Force. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Air Ministry Order. Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Angle of sight (see also A/S). Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Ammonal with charcoal. Advanced Operational Base. Air Member for Training. Army Ordnance Field Park. Amphibian (see also A). Assistant Military Landing Officer. Air Member for Personnel. Adviser. Ammunition. Air Officer Commanding. Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. . Army and Navy Stores. Air Observer School. Army Order or Accountant Officer.Experimental Station. Operational Research Section. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Alteration order form. Assistant Military Secretary. Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). American Nautical Almanac. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Army Ordnance Workshop. Air Ministry . Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Air Mileage Unit. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Air Navigation School.

Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Approximately Appendix. Aiming point. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Armour-piercing.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). chemical warfare (gas bombs). Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Assistant Provost-Marshal. Air Personnel Department. Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. capped with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle. Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Armour-piercing tracer. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Air Production. high explosive. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production. Army Printing and Stationery Services. Naval. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Army Physical Training Corps. Armour-piercing. . Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. capped with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing (projectile). Anti-personnel (bomb). Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Armour-piercing shot (inert). (projectile) capped. Army Plotting Room. Armour-piercing (projectile). Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section.

Ammunition and stores. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Angle of sight (see also A of S). Ammunition. Air Stores Park. Armament Production (see also Arm P). Army Routine Order. sulphide azide. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Artillery. Air Raid Wardens' Service.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. Air Raid Warden. Armament. Armament Production Progress. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment. Armoured car. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Ammunition Sub-Depot. Airman or Airmen. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Airship. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy). Army Stores Issue Ship. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. styphnate azide or antimony. Artillery reconnaissance. Admiralty Signal Establishment. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Associate of the Royal Red Cross. All artillery. Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Artisan Works Company. Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Aeroplane Repair Section. Ammunition Railhead. Armoured.

Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Automatic or self-loading. Assistant Under-Secretary of State. Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. All up weight (gross weight). Australia or Australian. Anti-tank (see also A/T). Adviser on Steel Tubes. Australian Steam Test M. Assistant. Air Training Corps. Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Auxiliary Fire Station. Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Research and Development. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Air Warfare Analysis Section. Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Army Troops (see also AT). Army Training Instruction. Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Attached. Assistant Chief Overseer. Aircraft Storage Unit. Armoured vehicles. Auxiliary Services Officer. of . Air Vice-Marshal. Assistant to Director-General. Armoured Unit Initial Training.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Assisted take-off. Naval Development and Production. Advisory Service on Welding. Army Training Memorandum. American Technical Liaison Officer.

Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). Washington. Anti-zeppelin. Bart Baronet. BASW British Army Staff. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code). BAM British Air Ministry.Ballistic cap. BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. BDO Bombing Development Officer. BAO Base Accountant Officer. BAA Brigadier. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. BAL Ballistics (see also B). BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. BALCAP or BALL. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. CAP. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). bdy Boundary (see also bndy). BAB Blind approach beacon. bdr Bandolier. Bde Brigade. . BB Bombs. Azimuth (see also Z). BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BASFUZ Base fuze. Ayrshire Yeomanry. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). Bdr Bombardier. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer. Aircraft Warning Service. BBP Bulk Breaking Point.120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac.

ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). British Expeditionary Force. British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Base ejection. British Manufacturing and Research Company. Battle Headquarters. Beachmaster (see also BM). Brigade Major Royal Artillery. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). . The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW). Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Base Ordnance Depot. Blown out. General Staff. Base Ordnance Workshop. Branch Field Post Office. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Boundary (see also bdy). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. Brake horsepower. Base and nose fuzed.. British Nautical Almanac. double ejection. Battery Observation Post. Brigadier. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Bring forward. Battalion. Bomb. . Base fuzed incendiary. Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Board of Trade.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Bearing. British Naval Liaison Officer. Beyond light repair. The Border Regiment. Bombing and Gunnery School. Balloon Production. British Height Correction. Baby incendiary bomb.

British thermal unit (see also Btu). Battery. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. Battle Squadron. scissors type. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. British Warrant Officer. British standard weight. Base Supply Depot. Buckinghamshire Battalion.. Royal Artillery. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower. Brigadier. Birmingham Small Arms (Company). Battery Sergeant-Major. . Blohm & Voss. British Standard Fire. British Troops in Northern Ireland. Broadside on.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Bomb release line. Base Workshop. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Base Personnel Staff Officer. Brigade Routine Order. Base. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British Thomson-Houston. Brigadier. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane).Quarter=Master Sergeant. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Bridge or bridging or brass. Battery . Beeswax. British Red Cross Society. British War Medal. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Base Supply Airfield. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code).

Command Chaplain. Cambridgeshire Regiment. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. Royal Artillery. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Cartridge(s). Coast Artillery Searchlight. Class "CC. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Commander of the Order of the British Empire." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Central Ammunition Depot. Chief Adviser. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Commander of Army Group.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Counter-Battery Officer. Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. . Catering or catalogue. Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Calorific value. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Camp Commandant (see also CC). Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Cavalry. Canteen(s). The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Captain. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt. Research and Experiments. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Calibre.

Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH). Chemical Defence Research Establishment. Chemical Defence Research. Royal Artillery. Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Casualty Collecting Post. Chief Chemical Inspector. Tank Design. Chaplain to the Forces. Capital finance claim. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Chief of Combined Operations. Chemical Defence Development. Chemical Defence Research Paper. Chief Engineer. Command Dental Officer. Chemical Defence Research Department. . Casualty Clearing Station. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Canadian. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chemical Defence Research Committee. Commander. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Chief Superintendent. Contraband Control Service Office. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. Corps Medium Artillery. Commander. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Phosgene. Chief Flying Instructor. Coastal Command Liaison Section. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Central Flying School. Coastal Command Development Unit. Controller of Chemical Research. Commander.

Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. . Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Cast iron. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Chief Inspector of Armaments. Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings. Chief Instructor. Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Command Headquarters.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chain (Station). Controller-General of Research and Development. Chain home beam. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Naval Ordnance. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Clearance head space. Chief Instructor. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Engineers Signal Stores. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chain (Station). Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Military College of Science. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Chaplain. Controller-General of Munitions Production. Cheshire Yeomanry. Controller-General of Economy. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chief Inspector. Fire Control. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Commander-in-Chief. The Cheshire Regiment. Fire Control Instruments. Corps Routine Order.

Chief of Staff (see also COS). Close reconnaissance. Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Common nose fuzed. Central Ordnance Depot. Combined Operations Development Centre. Michael and St. Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Care and Maintenance Party. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). Chief Naval Representative. Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Contracts Liaison Section. Coastal motorboat. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Central Medical Establishment. Centimeter height finding. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Captain of the Fleet. Close Support Troop. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Companion of the Order of St. Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Column (see also col). Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Column (see also coin). Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). . Chief Maintenance Officer. Chief of Artillery. Corrected mean time. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Corps of Military Police. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Central Interpretation Unit.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). George. Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores. Closed (reconnaissance code). Column (reconnaissance code).

Commandant (see also Comd). Committee or commission. Corporal. original type. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Commander (see also Comd). solventless cooler. Cordite with carbamite. Communication(s). Controller of Projectile Development. Controller of Physical Research. Coordinate or coordinating. Chief Ordnance Officer. Cosecant. . Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Concentrate or concentration. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. modified. Commanding (see also Comd). Composite or component. Cordite. Coventry Ordnance Works. Construction. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Cotangent. Correction. Cycles per second.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Cordite. Counter-preparation. Command Post Officer. Commodore. Cordite. Common-pointed capped (projectile). Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. Company.

Company Sergeant-Major. Chief Superintendent. Course setting bomb sight. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Royal Artillery. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Central Storekeeping Office. Cathode ray tube. Counter-sunk. Civilian Repair Organisation. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories. Radiological Inspection. . Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Armament Supply. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Corps Routine Order or. Armaments Design. Chlorsulphonic acid. Chief Superintendent. Calibre radius head. Royal Engineers. Chief Resident Technical Officer. Consultant. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Commander.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Chilworth smokeless powder. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Royal Army Service Corps. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support. Commander. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Projectile Development Establishment. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Chief Superindendent. Commander. Camp Quartering Staff Captain.

Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Communications Valves Committee. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Convoy. Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Continuous wave. Controller of Tank Development. Hundredweight. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Corps Troops (see also CT). Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Dental Branch Officer. Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Central Trade Test Board. Chemical Warfare (Service). Carton. Royal Engineers. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. . Chief Examining Officer.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Debussing (Point). Chemical Warfare Troops. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Coast Watching Post. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Chief Works Office. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Communications valves or closed vessel. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School.

Deputy Assistant Military Secretary.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Adjutant-General. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Army Kinema Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Director of Aeroplane Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Air Materiel. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Director of Air. Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Army Postal Service. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering.

Director of Armament Supply. Royal Engineers. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Deputy Controller. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Canteen Service. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). . Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Distance control. Deputy Chief Accountant. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance. Director of Armament Production. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). General Research and Development. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Deputy Commander. Director of Armament Development. Construction and Regional Service. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Distant control boat. Director of Civil Research and Production. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Deputy Controller. Dive bomber. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Deputy Chief Engineer. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Director of Bombing Operations. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division.

Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director of Communications Development. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Design Department Guns. Design Department Carriages. . Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development).132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director (in combination). Deputy Director.

Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Operations Division. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Military Training. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director-General of Tank Development.ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications). Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. . Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Operations (Home).

Deputy Director of Public Relations. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. . Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Flying Training. Director of Electrical Engineering. Director of Education Department. Deputy Director of Technical Training. Decontamination. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament).134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Weapons. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Signals. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Defensive or defence or defended. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance.

ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP

135

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DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE

Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.

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DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.

ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS

137

District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

138
DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Director of Personal Services. Distant-reading compass (German). Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Canadian and American. Director of Quartering. Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Postal Services. Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Director of Pathology. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Double parachute link. Depot. 10 . Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Prisoners of War. Director of Pre-Entry Training. Director of Public Relations. Director of Remounts. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Director of Press Division. DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Diphenylamine. Director of Works. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance).ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Directional radio. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment.

Director of Survey. DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration. Duty steamboat. Director of Railways. DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department).140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). DSO Distinguished Service Order. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Director of Transportation. Director of Technical Training. Director of Tank Production. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DST Director of Supplies and Transport. Director of Road Research Laboratory. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. DSR Director of Scientific Research. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). Director of Radio Production. Director of Torpedoes and Mining. D Sal Director of Salvage. DVS Director of Veterinary Services. DWAAF .

for Gallantry). Equipment and Accounting Training School. Elementary Flying Training School. Emergency Ammunition Depot. Explosive incendiary bomb. The East Lancashire Regiment. Extended Defence Commander. Equipment Branch Officer. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Director of Warlike Stores. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Director of Weapons Production. Equivalent full rounds. Exchequer and Audit Department. Equivalent constant wind. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. Dropping zone (paratroops). Equivalent full charges. e.. Expeditionary Force Institutes. Echelon (see also E). Engineer-in-Chief. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Enemy aircraft. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Electric light. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time). . Equipment Depot. E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Director of Explosives. Electrical Engineer. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Enemy bomber. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). Experimental Bridging Establishment. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Experimental Demolition Establishment. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Extended Defence Officer.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI. External Ballistics Department.

Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Embarkation Medical Officer. Equipment. Emergency Powers Committee. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Employment. Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. The Essex Regiment. Elevation/range. Electric and Percussion. Engine Repair Section. Engineer Vice-Admiral. Engineer Stores. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Entertainments National Services Association. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Equipment Officer.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Emergency Transport Pool. Engine Room Assistant. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. . East Riding Yeomanry. Establish or establishment. Extra-mural. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Engine Production or engine propellants. Electric Light Officer. Exclusive or exclude or excluding. Electric Light Observation Post. Ministry of Aircraft Production.

Forced landing. Forward Air Support Link. Field Bakery. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Field Ammunition Dump. Field Company. Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fleet Dental Officer. Fleet Adviser on Education. Field Ambulance. Fire Control School. Forward (or foremost) defended localities. Field Battery. Fighter Development Unit. Field artillery tractor. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. . Forward area sight.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Farrier. Fire direction table. Field Hygiene Section. Fleet Aviation Officer. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Field imprisonment. Fighter dive-bomber. Facing (reconnaissance code). Field. Fire Control Plotting Board. Field Brigade. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fleet Accountant Officer. Free aerial mine. Fleet Construction Officer. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Fleet Engineer Officer. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Field Squadron. Fire Control. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament).

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FEP FF FFC

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BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.

FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02

ABBREVIATIONS
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.

145

FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).

FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD

Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.

146
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..

GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ

ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC

147

Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. Hallamshire Battalion. General Staff. 13th/18th Hussars. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). or mark). 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. Geographical Section. Grade 3 (see also G3). High-altitude bombing. Horse. High explosive. The Hampshire Regiment. armour-piercing. Heavy bomber. Head and breast (telephone set). 3rd The King's Own Hussars. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. Hexachloroethane (smoke). Training. The Honourable Artillery Company. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. High current density. Grade 1 (see also Gi). Harbour Defence Motor Launch. General Staff Officer. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). Grade 2 (see also G2). General Staff Officer.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. High angle. York and Lancashire Regiment. 14th/20th Hussars. Greenwich sidereal time. High explosive. Head. General Staff Officer. High angle upper deck. label. Glider Training School. armour-piercing incendiary tracer. Gross weight or Government property (stamp. Heavy anti-aircraft. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). Heinkel. . Hussars or hygiene or height. Haversine. General Staff Officer. High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect.

His Majesty's Canadian Ship. His Majesty's South African Ship. Head of the Research Department.ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. Mustard gas and lewisite. His Majesty's Australian Ship. Hospital. Hexagon. High explosive substitute (or shell). Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. . Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. Hertfordshire Regiment. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). Hotchkiss (ammunition). Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). High explosive time fuze. High explosive incendiary tracer. His (Her) Imperial Highness. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). Herefordshire Regiment. His Majesty's Ship (or Service). Highest possible score. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). His Majesty's Indian Ship. High frequency radio telephone. His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High frequency (in combination). Heavy Glider Training Unit. Height observed (observed altitude). High frequency oscillator. High explosive tracer. High frequency detector. Horses (reconnaissance code). Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. Howitzer. Hirings. His (Her) Imperial Majesty. High explosive graze fuze with delay. High explosive graze fuze.

HQBA Headquarters. hr His (Her) Royal Highness. Indian (or Italian) Air Force. Hard strength brass (or bronze). Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. USA Headquarters. Base Area. Services of Supply. sextant (sextant altiHS tude).MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). S. USA). IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. HQRA Hour. U. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. HQ HQASFETO. Infantry (tank). HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. Army (now HQASFETO. HQMA HQSOSETO. Royal Artillery. HTV High velocity. S. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. IARO Indicated air speed. Headquarters. HSB High speed launch. U. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. Army. USA Headquarters. Headquarters. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. HRS Haenschel. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. HSL Viscous mustard gas. HQETO. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. USA Army. European Theater of Operations. HV Heavy.150 BRITISH. . European Theater of Operations. U. European Theater of Operations. inspection aircraft. Medium Artillery. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . Army Service Forces. Headquarters. High terminal velocity. S. IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. "I" Intelligence Officer.

Incendiary bomb explosive nose. Indian Hospital Corps. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Indicator Loop Station. Inch. Information or informed. India or Indian. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). Inspector-General. Coast Artillery. United Kingdom. ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Indian Army (see also IA). Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal.ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Inspection. Inspection Marine Craft. Inspection Mechanical Transport. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Igniter's safety fuze. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Instructor of Fire Control. Indicating Net Defence. Maintenance. Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Infantry. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Imprisonment with hard labour. Inspection Materials. Imperial Defence College. Incendiary. Imperial Chemical Industries. . Inspection Instruments. Indian Medical Service. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Identification friend or foe.

Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Joint Intelligence Staff. Installations. Inland Water Transport. Initial Training Wing.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Inspector. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Instrument Production. Instruction for Practice Seawards. type A. Initial Training School. Judge Advocate-General. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Intelligence (see also I). Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Inter Service Information Series. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Inspection Stores Engineering. Intelligence Officer. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Royal Engineers. Inspection Stores Works. Royal Artillery. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Inspection note. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Irish Republican Army. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Joint Intelligence Committee. . Instructor (see also Instr). Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. India rubber vulcanized. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Inspector. Instructions to proceed. Intelligence Officer. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Instantaneous. Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Staff (Operations). Isle of Wight.

Knight Commander of the Order of St. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. George. King's Regulations. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. 17th/21st Lancers. The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. . Kilocycles. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Light anti-aircraft. Light Aid Detachment. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). Knight. Knight of the Thistle. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Legal Branch Officer. Junction. Pound (monetary unit). Knight of the Garter. Patrick. Knight of St. Kensington Regiment. Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Kite Balloon Section. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. Junkers. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). The King's Own Scottish Borderers. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). King's Norton Solution. King's Harbour Master. Ethyliodoacetate. Light automatic or lead azide. The King's Regiment (Liverpool). 16th/5th Lancers. Michael and St.

Lance-Corporal. Landing craft barge (mechanised). Landing craft flak (barge). Landing craft infantry (large). Local apparent time. Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Pound. Landing craft support (small). breech mechanism. Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Lever. Lead dinitroresorcinate. Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft assault. . Leicestershire Yeomanry.154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Landing craft support (barge). Landing craft personnel (large). Landing craft support (large). Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Labour or light bomber. Landing craft personnel (medium). Landing craft flak. Latitude (see also L). Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft barge (dumb). Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft personnel (small). Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft personnel (ramped). Pounds per horsepower hour. Low frequency. Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Landing. Leader. navigational. Landing craft. The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Landing craft support (medium). Land Defence Force. Lift and force (pump). Landing craft tanks.

LPS Light railway(s). LR London Rifle Brigade. Lothians Lovat Scouts. LMT Longitude (see also Long). LH Local hour angle. LSD Landing ship (gantry). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LGA Limbered general service wagon. LP Lord Privy Seal.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. Light machine gun. LRB Long Range Desert Group. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Logarithm. Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer.) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Loyals Low power or local purchases. Lovat Liquid oxygen. LMG Local mean time. LS Landing ship dock. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 . LO Left out of battle. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LHA Local hour angle (east). LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. LHA(E) Library. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. Long The Lothian and Border Horse.

Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. . Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Link Training Instructor School. - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Light. Landing Zone. Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Long wave. Low temperature annealing. Low tension (voltage). Master-at-arms. Magazine or magnetic. Supply Service. Light warning (vehicle). Landing ship (personnel). Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Medical Branch Officer. Landing ship infantry (large). Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Lieutenant-General. (See LSgt). Lieutenant-Colonel. Landing ship infantry (small). Low temperature treatment.156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Military Air Defence System. Light warning (portable). Landing ship (stern). Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Military Adviser to the Director-General. Low water ordinary spring tide. Local Technical Committee. Left Section. Motor Ambulance Convoy. Landing ship infantry (medium). Low velocity..

(Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Manning Depot. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. Medical Advance Station. Major-General (see also MG). M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). Major. Mine Depot or message-dropping.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). MD MDG Medical Director-General. MCS Mine Control Station. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Met or MET . MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. Motorcycle. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Motor anti-submarine boat. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. Member of the Order of the British Empire. The Manchester Regiment. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. Manager of Engineering Department. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. md Mean difference. Mech Med Medium or medical. MCH Maximum ceiling height. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy. Middle East or military engineering. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. Motorcycle machine gun. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Megacycles.

. Mineral jelly. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Military Foreman of Works. Mine laying aircraft. Military Foot Police. Military Field Photographic Section. Mark (i. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Major-General. Miles in the hour (speed). e. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s). Medium machine gun. Minute. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Mobile Veterinary Section. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Method of filling.. Ministry of Home Security. Motor gunboat. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). model). Military Mounted Police. Military Intelligence Service. Major-General in charge of Administration. Manual of Field Engineering. Military. Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. Major-General. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Military Forwarding Officer. Mobile or mobilisation. Master of the Fleet. Royal Artillery. Military Intelligence Officer. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Medium frequency. Major-General. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. General Staff.158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation.

Meritorious Service Medal. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Medical Officer of the Guard. Miles per hour. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. Mounted. Mountain. Muzzle velocity.159 Ministry of Supply. Motor torpedo boat. Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. Military Personnel Research Committee. Material Production Liaison Officer. Mean sea level. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. Military Provost Staff Corps. Two-man torpedo boat. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Mean' point of burst. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. . Motor or motorized. Nuts. Machineable quality. screws. Mortar. Maintenance Unit. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Medical Receiving Station. MTSD MU my or MV . and bolts. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Metres per second. Medical Technical Orders. Military Training Pamphlet. Message picking up. Main Supply Depot.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Mine-Sweeping Group. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Miles per gallon. Mounting. Ministry of Works and Buildings.

Minor War Signal Station. Navy. Non-Comissioned Officer. NFP Night-fighter plotting. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Naval Equipment Depot. National Defence Research Committee. . Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. No break (contact). MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Natural Navigation. Northeast. Army and Air Force Institutes. Netherlands East Indies. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. Naval Aid to (1st. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). Not fair hit. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Nitrocellulose tubular. Naval Control Service Officer. Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Non-auto frettaged.) Sea Lord. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Non-Combatant Corps. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Navigation Instruction Officer. Newfoundland. Non-ferrous metals. Naval Air Liaison Officer. Nursing Auxiliary Service.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Nitrocellulose. Naval Armament Supply Officer. Non-delay. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. etc. Naval Control Service Instructions. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own).

Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Nose instantaneous. Not recorded. Naval Service or Nursing Sister. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Naval Liaison Officer. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Naval Law Branch. Naval Transport Officer.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Nitroglycerine. contrary to regulations). The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. New Zealand. Naval Officer-in-Charge. Nose instantaneous rod. Number. North Irish Horse. Night trace flame trace. Naval Land Equipment. Naval Ordnance Department. North Somerset Yeomanry. Not timed or night tracer. Naval Exchange. National Rifle Association. Not in vocabulary (stores. No sound back. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Northwest. Flashless propellant. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. Nautical miles. . Normal temperature pressure. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. particularly clothing. Night reconnaissance. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Nobel rim neonite. Not known.

Out of service. Operation or operating or operator. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Ordnance Depot. General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Officer (see also 0). Officer Commanding. Officer-in-charge.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Oblique photographs. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding. Overseas Liaison (Officer). Officer of the Guard or ogival. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Officer of the Watch. Officer Cadet Training Unit. Officer of the Day. . Observation post. Divisional Signals. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. On His Majesty's Service. Observer Officer (see also 00). Officer Commanding. Royal Army Service Corps. Officer Keeper. Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Open (reconnaissance code). Officer Commanding. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Ordnance Field Park. Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Ordnance Board. Royal Marines. Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Operations (see also Ops). Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Observation. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire.

at 0 feet. . Operational Training Unit. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). Over water (proof of projectiles). Plastic Armour Officer. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Parachute troops. Parliamentary Secretary. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Pathology. Observed velocity (i. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. e. Organise or Organisation. Parachute and cable. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). Operational Photographic Unit. Ordnance. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel).. Paragraph or parachute. Officers' Training Corps. Oxford. Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Other Ranks Training Unit.ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. muzzle velocity). Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Operational Research Section. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Official use. Passive air defence. Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee.

Partial detonation or projectile development. Production Development Executive. Proof and Experimental Officer. Pounder (see also por and PR). Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Phosphorus. Production Development Station. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Pigeon. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Park. Production Engine Accessories. 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Production. Period delay mechanism. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Petrol (gasoline). Provisional condemning (limit). Port Detachment. Canadian and American. Photo-electric or plastic-explosive.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Projector. Photograph or photographic or photography. Principal Establishment Officer. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Telephone (see also tel). Photographic Officer. Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Infantry Anti-Tank. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Public House (Inn). Postogram. Physical.

Principal Private Secretary. Merchant Marine. Pilot Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Port of London Authority. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Principal Medical Officer. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Petrol Point or picric powder. Public Relations Branch. Petrol (gasoline). Phonogram. . Position. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Regimental Institutes. Principal Military Landing Officer. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Plans projector (or position) indicator. Powder metal-lined (case). Pounder (see also pdr and PR).ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Press and Publicity Officer. Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Principal Officer. Post Office. Publications Liaison Officer. Provost. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch. Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. Paymaster. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Plain language. Position line. Paymaster-in-Chief. Petrol Railhead. Pioneer. President. and lubricants. oil.

Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Quick firing or decoy fire. Quadrant elevation. Prisoner(s) of War. Military Staff College. Porton. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Passed "Y" Test (steel). . Printing and Stationery Service. Private. Physical Training. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R). white. Paper. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Postogram. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. Physical Training Officer. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Principal Sea Transport Officer. Housing signal. Graduate. Pay. Please turn (page) over. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Police War Reserve. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. fine. Publication. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Pick-up truck. Paravane. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Point. Pyrotechnics. Post War Signals Station.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Proprietory. Graduate.

Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Range and accuracy. Royal Australian Navy. Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Royal Army Medical Corps. Light decoy. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Royal Artillery School of Survey. Supplies. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Regimental Aid Post. Royal Australian Air Force. Radio acoustic.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Artillery Survey. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Royal Air Force. Army Ordnance Services. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Queen Victoria Rifles. Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Royal Army Service Corps. Queen's Westminsters. Regulations. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Range and direction as deflected. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Quarter-Master-General. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Royal Army Pay Corps.

picrate 55. Repair Depot. Research Development Marine Craft. Research Development Photographic Equipment. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Instruments. Remote Control Office. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. Royal Canadian Navy. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. Royal Canadian Air Force. Radio counter measures. Research Development Communications. Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). NC 21. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Engines. Road or round (of ammunition). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Research Development (Naval). Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). . Relief Driver Increment. Regional Development Officer. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Research Development Aircraft. Research Development Armaments. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison).168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). carbamite 3. Road junction. Royal Cartridge Department.

River Emergency Service. Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Registry. .) (reconnaissance code). Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). C. C. Reserve. etc. Regiment or regimental. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes. Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Retired. Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Royal Filling Factory. Regulating or regulation. Royal Gun Factory. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). etc. Recruiting Centre. Range. Reconnaissance float plane. Representative. Rifleman. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Reinforcement (see also rein).) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Royal Field Artillery. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Reference Point A (B. Research Development Technical Investigation. The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Royal Garrison Artillery. Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Reference. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Recovery.

Railway Operating Division (RE). Royal Naval Officer. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Regimental Headquarters. Royal Military College. Royal Naval Reserve. Royal Marine Striking Force. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Royal Naval Barracks. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Royal Observer Corps. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. Royal (or Research) Laboratory.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Ordnance Factory. green. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. River (reconnaissance code). . Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). Rockets. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Raw Materials Depot. Royal Naval Division. Render inert mechanism. Royal Indian Navy. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Reserve of Officers. Railway (see also Ry). Russian Liaison Group. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Rendering mines safe. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Royal Navy. signal. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Royal Indian Army.

Royal Corps of Signals. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Tank Corps. Repeated. Radio Production (Technical). Rounds per gun. Range table. Rendezvous. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Small Arms Factory. Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). Regimental Survey Officer. Regimental Starting Point. Research Report. Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Range table muzzle velocity. The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Right Honourable. Regimental Sergeant-Major.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Radio Production (American). Royal Scots Fusiliers. (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. The Royal Ulster Rifles. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. Radio Production (Supplies). Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). Returned Stores Depot. . Research Technical Publications. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). The Royal Welch Fusiliers. The Royal Sussex Regiment. Radio Research Board.

Railway Telegraph. Squadron Artillery Officer. Society of Automotive Engineers. Small arms rifle grenade. South African Irish Rifles. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Small bomb container. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. Shipping advice and delivery note. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Small box-girder (bridge). South African Engineer Corps. South African Air Force. Shilling (monetary unit). Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Senior Air Liaison Officer. Senior British Naval Officer. Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. Standard ballistic limit. Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Single-axle drive. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Small Arms School. Short aerial mine.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Royal Yacht Sqfadron. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Small Arms School Corps. Salvage. capped. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. Railway(s) (see also Rail).

Chief of the General Staff in the Field. . Smoke Curtain Installation. Staff Duties and Training Section.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Staff Duties. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Sub-Contracting Production. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. NC 50. Signal Distributing Officer. Self-destroying tracer. Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). carbamite 9. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). The Duke of Albany's). Supply Dropping Point. Royal Artillery. Staff Captain. Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Second or security. Siding (reconnaissance code). Corps Medium Artillery. Slow-burning explosive. Section (see also X). Senior Chaplain to the Forces. Scottish Horse. Propellant name. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Second-in-command. Special despatch rider. Stores Depot. Signal Equipment Design. Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). Single-engine fighter. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Superintending Civil Engineer. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Security Officer. Signals. approximate composition: NG 41.

" which is official in the Royal Air Force. Service Flying Training School. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Special issue. Senior Gas Adviser. Signal. Single (or separate) loading or streamline.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Searchlight Commander. Secret Intelligence Service. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Shrapnel. Searchlight Directing Station. Sheet. Shropshire Yeomanry. (See Sgt. Sine. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). is frequently used.- . Sergeant. Searchlight emplacement. Super-Heavy Artillery School. Situation Report. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Signal Officer.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr). Signals or Communications Officer. Signalman. Steam gunboat. but the spelling "sergeant. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Signals. Senior Intelligence Officer. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Sulphurless fine grain.

Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Supply Landing Point. Submarine (see also Sub). Secretary. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Superintendent of Mine Design. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. Sound locator. Senior Military Adviser. School of Aeronautical Engineering.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery. School of Artillery. Testing device for RAF recruits. Senior Organisation Officer. Scientific Liaison Officer. Staff Officer. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. . Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Physical Training. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Staff Officer (Liaison). Searchlight laying. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Superintendent of Experiments. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Senior Naval Officer Landing. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Senior Medical (e. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. Signal Operations Instructions. Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Organisation and Methods Division. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. School of Military Engineering. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Steam not up (reconnaissance code).' Selected Military) Officer.

Signals Research and Development Establishment. Royal Artillery. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Sapper (engineer). . Stocks and Storage. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Squadron Officer. Single shot. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Supply Refilling Point. Senior Officer. Support. Royal Engineers. Squadron.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Staff Sergeant. Staff Officer. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Royal Marines. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Ship-born. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer. Sector Searchlight Commander. Special Duties Officer. Senior Officers' School. Signalling projector. Single-seater fighter.

Small Vessels Pool. The South Staffordshire Regiment.ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Supply Point. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Switchboard. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO). Super-sonic telegraphy. Strategical reconnaissance. Standard wire gauge. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Submarine (see also S/M). Solenoid velocity apparatus. Slightly unsteady. Standard time. Seater. Special Vehicle Development Committee. Supply. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. Supply Officer. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. The South Wales Borderers. Statistics and Planning. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. . Survey (see also SV). Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Sepoy. Supply Depot. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. The Suffolk Regiment. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre. Station. The East Surrey Regiment.

Test and Development Establishment. Tail delay 2 seconds. Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. U. Administrative training. Twin-engine fighter. Tactical Control Officer. Track (reconnaissance code). Tank Design Liaison. Tank Committee Liaison.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Technical or technician. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Torpedo Development Unit. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). True air speed. Tank Delivery Regiment. Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Traffic Control Post. Tactical reconnaissance. Armament Officer. Engineer Officer. Technical Division Memorandum Report. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction. Torpedo bomber (or boat). S. Tank Delivery Squadron. Tangent. Technical Detachment. The Adjutant-General. Tank Board. A. Territorial Army Allowances. Thames Ammunition Works. Text-Book of Gunnery. Twin-engine bomber. Trench (reconnaissance code). Tentacle.

sensitive. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Town gas main. Time of despatch. Time fuze. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Teleprinter (U. TNT beeswax. Transportation (see also tpt). S. Time of origin. Target. Tests of elementary training. Training Manual. Trailer. TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). Threads. Tower Hamlets Rifles. . Time of burning. teletype). Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Telephone exchange. Time handed in. Tail instantaneous. Troop or Transport. Tactical exercise without troops. Thompson machine carbine. Telegraph or telegraphic. Torpedo and mine. Temperate land scheme. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Tank Production Armour (code). Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. Telescope identification. Tank (see also Tk). Tail instantaneous. Time of receipt. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Tank (see also Tnk). Technical Maintenance Officer. Time of flight.

Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). Temperate sea scheme. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Transported. Underwater electrode potential. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Their Royal Highnesses. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Terminal velocity. Tank Supply Liaison. Training. Union Defence Force. Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Signal Officer. Troops. Twin-seater fighter. United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Trumpeter or transporter. Tank War Office Liaison. Unexploded Bomb Committee.. small arm. e. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. Goods trucks (i. Two-speed destroyer sweep. Unit Equipment Table. Trooper.180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Torpex. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). United Kingdom. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. . Universal call (switchboard). Tube. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). percussion.

Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Veterinary (see also V). Verbal (i. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Variable elevation beam. Vulcanized in rubber. Unexploded bomb. Very mild explosion. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. Vehicle. Message of which no record is kept. Volunteer Officers' Decoration.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Veterinary Evacuating Station. Vickers diamond hardness. given either written or verbally (i. Valves for Oliphant. e. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services). Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Visual indicating equipment. ... oral). Volume moisture. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. orally) to signaller. Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum. Vertical interval. Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Unit Landing Officer. Vice-Admiral Commanding. Vickers-Bertheir. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Very high frequency. United States or unsteady start. Victoria Cross. Unserviceable (see also U). Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Very low frequency. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. e. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German).

Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. With effect from. Watch correction or water closet. Vulnerable point or vent. Warships (reconnaissance code). NC 65. Week ending. Warning telephone. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). or percussion (tube). Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Investigation Section. War Establishment Committee. Western Approaches Tactical Unit. sealing. Velocity/pressure. electric. Veterinary Officer. Wing Artillery Officer. War Establishment Table(s). Wing.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. Wing Commander. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. The Welch Regiment. Woolwich adjusted charge. Vertical photograph (or photography). 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Wing Officer. War Establishment(s). carbamite 6) or west or watch. Visual telegraphy. Vent. Volunteer Reserve. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. War Department. Wireless electrical mechanic. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Velocity of adjustment. WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Vehicles to the mile (road density). The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Visual signalling.

Yard. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). Withdrawn and replaced. Women's Royal Naval Service. Expanded metal. Women's Voluntary Service. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. White phosphorus. Yorkshire Hussars. Extended Defence Officer. . Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Works. g. Wireless Operator Unit. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Yorkshire Dragoons. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). 9g. carbamite 2). Warrant Officer. Wireless School. Propellants and charges. Weapon training.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. War Registry. War Office or Warrant Officer..ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. The Worcestershire Regiment. Wagon Line Officer. e. Explosive(s) or section(s). Warships Production Superintendent. 1. Signifies experimental failure. NC 65. Workshop. The York and Lancaster Regiment. Cross road(s). Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. War Intelligence Committee. Yard(s) (e. Women's Land Army.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). M/Je. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's).. Class 1 (2).

184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Wireless Interception Service. Zone position indicator. Zone watch. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ). . Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Lead azide and CE.

At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. usually indicated by s. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. at the end. which is. at the end. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). usually means Officer or Order. often means development or design or defence or Department. however. SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. may indicate a plural form. factories.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. at the end of an abbreviation. at the end. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. Anywhere . At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director.ABBREVIATIONS 7. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General.

.

Tables of Organization. ciphers." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential"). Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. such as code words. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state." (3) "Security. (5) (6) War sider I U.. (5) "Not to be published. General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret.Appendix A. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- ." (2) "Secret. (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category.13 S." b. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. CATEGORIES a. discussions on new types of weapons. or forecasts of manpower. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war.. 187 -. etc. Other matters. etc.

(3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. location lists. For example. whenever possible. (2) Ciphers. e. and orders of battle.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual.. d. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated. the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. . etc.

."-" "Secret" .. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification. BRITISH AND U. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line.APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally. security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------. and other documents of a military nature.. 2.. military training pamphlets. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda..... . (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger.. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession. S.. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces....-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- . CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.." Confidential" …l. Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification..... All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification... provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded.. S. ---. ------. 3.

.--------------Intermediate. . Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.-.Large. ¼inch to I mile -. Small ------------1: 126. 1: 20.600 . S. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary.. maps and are designated by representative fractions. 2.. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. S. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U...1: 633.000 and 1:250. ..i: 1-. Standard .000. 3.-----. intermediate-1:125..584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.----------.Appendix B.. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them.360 -----I------------Medium. maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. Large ---------1: 40. Large ---------. S.Small.. 1. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile .168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----. Actually U. Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales. MAPS 1...000 -----------------Large.. 1: 253.440 ..-.63..Small.000 and 1:100.720... Within the British Isles. Small ---------. I inch to I mile . maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile.500. 190 .000 ---------------..-. maps.. when it was superseded by the Modified British System. medium-1:62.--------------. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.--.. S.000..

Q7506. L. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. (2) Use. and R. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. this being called "ceasting. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. b. thus making large squares identical in size.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. P. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured.000 map series of Great Britain. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. Every tenth line is thickened. S. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U. . Q." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. military grid maps. the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. U. M. British System (1) Description. east and west. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain.APPENDIX B 191 scales.

each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. (2) Description. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. each of which is designated by a letter. Modified British System (1) General.-British System grid.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side. These squares are again subdivided. 0 30 Figure 5. .--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters). is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). 5). whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. Thus the point P. in the large lettered squares. 6). is repeated every 50 kilometers.) c. in the small square 21.': omitting the letter "I" (fig.192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. The easterly coordinate is always given first.

.Z . every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square. L M NW ____ . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls. Modified British System.___ °.. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1.-Grid lettering.-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened.ia.' W X " ! Figure 6. . every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares.{--{wa'r I T .\ . JV :.

3 units east and 3. (4) Y inch to I mile map. it may be described as the point of reference. 5 I Figure 7.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7.-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. without unduly obscuring the detail. in 10-kilometer units. and its reference is therefore vH 6335. 0--f 0 . Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . but owing to the larger scale it is possible. The number denotes the distance. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6.5 units north of the point of reference. It lies in square vH. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies.-Modified British System grid.

since there is no possibility of duplication. (v)H 6335.-Modified Figure British System grid. Figure 8.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. . The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps.-On maps of these scales. inch to mile mp. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8. namely. 4 inch to I mile map. The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-Modified British System grid. but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.

5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L . 1 inch to I mile map. 59 270 O 69 6867 .196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. this time in kilometer units. in smaller print. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. and to every tenth number is added. Figure 9. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered. on any grid line denotes. the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. to the (false) .-Modified British System grid.

5 units north of the point :of reference. in figure 9. Its reference is therefore 533675. but this is not normally necessary. Thus.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system.3 units east and 67. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference. . the point Q is 53.

T. B. V. U. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. I. P. F. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. H. G. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . C. M.) See also FM 24-10. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. 1942. O. W for William.-British radio procedures. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. O for Orange. followed by the phonetic spelling. the word itself is first spoken. X. K. S. for example. 1943). "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T). STANDARD PROCEDURES a. Y." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9.Appendix C. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. E. "Two: T for Toc. Q. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages." b. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. 198 . R. W. N. J. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Z. Procedure" (January 20. D.1 2. L.

Ioigure . MESSAGE AND RU .Two ---"Foer" _. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt).O..-British message blank (reduced from original size). etc. Z44101.--"Six" Five . Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener. 4.)t. 1. 9._ ----. 199 of numbers is similar to U.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_.R. W= ) . I . 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-. S.APPENDIX C . 33. --.- . I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. 2. 3. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too.. 7.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--. I10NS OUT ._ _.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___._W 1 PG.1 _ _ _1 DUG. _"Sei-en" ---. 5. . 22. 6. 8.H.Six _"Ate" ---._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR.Eight FORM -------..Owe "Wun" ____ -_.4 ___I___1 l. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---. .0iSi Figure 10. For instance." etc. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun".. . :usage except for-numbers such as 11.

Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. Wun. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. Ate -.. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. 93). g. Niner. Too.. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box. . .. . Owe . or "stop. Owe . Six. p. 1. . It may consist of plain language. to which reference is being made. thus giving instructions regarding cipher. Sev-en --." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. Six.... Wun . Fife Niner. if any.-.. Owe.. . Wun. A period. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. December 7 is written 7). (4) "Date": day of the month only (e. O-w-e. cipher.. par. Foer ... or code.." c.on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. VI.. Wun Six .200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis .

2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. is given. By commanders and senior staff officers. (a) "Written message" procedure. . Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. In the case of a phonogram. _ By any officer. No indication------For messages of minor importance. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. Signal officers may use this priority. Immddiate for messages of special importance. R. or may be sent as a phonogram. d. and local time). showing in detail which officers may use each priority. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions.= time handed in.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. T.-There are several procedures in use." may be put in this space. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. if any. such as "To await arrival. are issued by the General Staff. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. H. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. Any other instiuction.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required. I. (T.= time of receipt. For routine messages. _-----. 2 Priority lists. O. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only.

-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. no answers being given. "fair".-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method.-The message is sent straight through. This method is used when the receiver must not.-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. or cannot. strength 7. "good". This is used for quick questions and answers. strength 6. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message. The sender sends each group twice instead of once. (c) "F" method.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. "very strong." . e. (b) "SR" (send replies) method. Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable".-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. (2) Methods of transmission. strength 9. (e) "DC" method. reply. (d) "G" method.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure.

General The pound sterling. s. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. a stever)__ 6 cents. 6 cents. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent...) ("thrup'nce. 1942).00.. CONVERSION TABLES 1. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents." or "thrup'ny bit"." or "thrup'ny bit"..Appendix D. Florin-2 shillings (2s.00 in U.. 203 . 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents.) ("thrup'nce. Prices are usually written in pounds. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4. abbreviated £.50 cents.. or a kick) -----------12 cents. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom. a tanner. meaning 2 pounds. shilling. Sixpence (6d..) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent. S. currency. I The official rate authorized between the U.. .00.) ---------------------------------2 cents. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2. Penny (ld. 2/6) (two and six.' The table of equivalents given below. S.. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s. See WD Circular No. S. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd.. however. 399 (December 9.. now exchanges for about $4.50.. Threepence (rare) (3d... Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. CURRENCY a... and 6 pence. British U.) ("sixp'nce". 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. Silver coins: Threepence (3d.. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates.035 per British pound ster4ing.. a stever) --------------.. Shilling-12 pence (Is. £5 and up. 6d. Larger denominations of pound notes. and d. 1 shilling. Halfpenny (¼2d. and pence. 5/-) ----------------------$1.

orthousandmillions (1.. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2...000)__ 1 billion..______ 2.000 pounds.240 pounds.000. below): British United Slates J.000.. ..) is 2. which is equal to 1 pound.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts). 1 billion (1. ton (short ton. 1... I imperial peck 1. Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.000.000.). i shilling.7. jewelry. _ ... S.. 1.. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound.000..000. I thousand billions (1. _ .1 mile. 1 trillion (1.000.240 pounds.000)___ 1 quadrillion. are usually priced in guineas... whereas the U. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). . J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. long -------------112 pounds.000. Expensive articles such as furniture.000.. hundredweight (short hundredweight. automobiles. 1 shilling.. I imperial bushel -------------------1.--------weigh 175 pounds.") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds). WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a.. 1 milliard.. 1 hundredweight (cwt.000.000. Differences The following differences between British and U.032 dry quarts. S. I imperial gallon _---------.000.000) ----1 quintillion. . etc.03 pecks. a 1 ton. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f...0..bushels. whereas the U.000) -------------_ 1 trillion. when an article sells for a guinea. Thus. or cental) is 100 pounds.000. 2. 11. S. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. precious stones.2 liquid quarts.204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. such as a guinea. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" ...) -----------....000.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. or 20 short cwt. long (20 long cwt..

APPENDIX D 205 b. S. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second).4D 2 N. . horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3.5. For example. as in the United States. Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. Horsepower In Great Britain.7. However.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower.1416. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower. 2 3 3 . The brake horsepower formula. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals . The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula. which is normally used in the United States. all of which are similar." horsepower. but such a ratio is incorrect. In some tables of equivalents.

(b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. . and Water4 (1) Formulas. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. Oil. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. Gasoline.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil.

267 . 000 4.680 . 891 9.1333 . 000 . or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 0936 3.6 2. 4 . 360 39.67 15.1578 . .000 .157 3 2.2534 . 313 6 667 7.02 .317 . 1.853.3946 21.027. 5 1.25 . 8 16 110 201.1578 5.4735 25. 333 3.Stat.5 .5 1. 367 2 1. 6 3. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.005 1.0158 .0211 .0634 .025 . 000 633. 157 . 600 500. 000 . 4 M. 240 .8 1 1.672 .093.0667 1 . 91 63.000 .6313 31.625 1. 000 190. 223 8.25 1 8 .1056 6. 560 .7891 42. 000 78. 500 . 223 1 1. and is called the Admiralty mile. 046 63.25 1.3168 2.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.5 30.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 . 000 253.920 792 72 39. 3 M.85325 kilometers). 336 . 94 -20 40 56.224 .6093 8 1 4.584 . S.1267 . 012 183 100 91. . 760 5.0273 1. 2 220 660 I 11 20. 35 31. 1.1 12 . 8554 9.853.5 5261 6667 . 344 4 . 000 200.4224 1.025 36 . 263 1. 000 .6336 -. 578 1.01 126. 23 1.0317 .6 . 267 1.000 1. 281 1 3 1 9.7891 .971 1. 934 100. 25. 500 . 34 .3946 .0845 .2 .25 3 .8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7. 13 47.92 1 185.2 .12 22 66 1 1.3333 .792 . 21 600 of a great circle of the earth.5 2 1. 000 . ms to m .3168 . 5 3. 000 . 1.0395 1. 000 100. 117 2.1267 . Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.2 meters). 029. 71 546. 37 36 12 7.9864 50.1584 .5069 .25 15. 2 80 880 1.157 15. 720 125.184 . 000 400.57 23. 840 . 336 1 4 3. 120 .0333 . 280 .2112 .4 .6667 40. 2. 534 .973 1.8 1. 000 75.2 25 . 080 150.2534 2.0789 2.901 1.5 6. 891 6. 370 7.3..5 1. 470 10 18.000 .APPEINDIX P 207 d. 667 1 10.7600 .080 feet (1.1 M.1 .72 . 313 5 4.20 feet (1. 168 . 971 491. 855. but because the earth is not a perfect sphere. 2M.84 10 7. 087. 800 300. 440 250.05 . 360 1 62.014. 4 2.609.0422 .3333 20. 2.2367 12.0176 63. nautical. 000 316.12 2. 000 126. British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.54 I The geographical.735 4 3.2112 3. 750.578 1. 537 160.4224 .0 yards.000 100 B4t 9 4. 36 .000 20. 515 1 73.4 2 .0127 .15155 statute miles.014 . 1529 1.05 25. That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6. 78 11.75 63.0158 500 .5. that of the U. 1 6.0833 .2. 000 . 1 M.44 30.4.112 3 2. 1584 .0079 e.Fur Fathute Meters ic e me.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92.248 meters.15: 5 . .3 1.3333 . 48 20.367 2. several different values are in use.6336 1. 000 80.946 3. s2 109 200 .Kilo. 735 5 6.0528 12 67 .829 2 6 1 1. 10. 1. 946 4 4. 280. 280 49.168 3 2:534 2.

.0 Feet------------------------Meters._---...36 second.....04 .4=millimeters..97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----... Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1.308 .-... .227 3..208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f. 68 .211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons...013 85 .12 .. Feet per minute 54.039 37=inches...387 .----------------Watts -... I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second... S 1..-...405 2. 50.001 340 3 Watts -----.---0648 15... _'_1.986 1. _ .. . 000 948 1055.. Horsepower .. Cubic centimeters_ . Ounces______-_....06 2. .......... General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal ..568 1.018 288 Feet per minute --..------. Feet per second..47 .546 ... 4 .-Meters per second . .986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550.'466 7 Feet per second ..---.0 . 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------. 288 Meters per minute .1... ... 802 ....-K.005 08 196.....205 .681 82 1..76 Gallons -----------Liters -4...236 9 Miles per hour-.155 Square centimeters --0--...Meters per second_ .....--..621 37 Kilometers per hour -....-.Foot-pounds -. Quintals_ . .340 3 ....589 miles-..-----------. 1.. --. Centimeter .... U..... 223 _ ilograms per square centi. . . .028 32 35.830 Horsepower -------...011 363 6 88. 0 ..---..892 8 1.Cubic meters_-----------------_ .-----.002 02 14.. 04 . Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX..22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--.-. Meters per second -.061 Cubic inches--Liters -.Meters .. Meters--. ...... 0254 39. 25.. 78 .. 238 8 4.. 85 Meters per second. K.8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1... Kilograms ..000 376 8 Kilowatts -. 508 1..000 948 1055.914 4 1.3862 Square kilometersSquare ..070 31 Pounds per square inch meter.K--Kilograms....001 3403 746..--------------Miles per hour ------..0164 61.186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -.British thermal units per ..-.. 764 Cubic inches .------.-..304 8 3...068 03 14..08 Horsepower--------... 304 .867 4 645.8 3.......----. .-...907 2 1. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1. 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------.. .....0 Feet per minute...016 .102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1..6 6...092 9 10. -..-Kilometers per hour..---.0547 18.. 16.. .---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------.746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters ...06 ..... Horsepower (metric)'l-.019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ..161 6. ...197 Pints -------------------------Liters ... 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -...7646 Grains -----------------..014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -..27 .. Atmospheres--------. .451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.-...------1..Gram calories -.------..447 2. . 2654........... 0 Inches --------------------.. 3937 2.________. 35 PoundK ----------.001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76. --Inch_ -..453 59 2..913 33 . 432 Grams -.609 34 ..0833 12.-.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------.28. -..02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496.. Watt-hours . . Hectares_ Acres ... 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) .----------Feet per second -..621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.984 2 Ounces 35....0377 36.013 15 Horsepower---------.5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters ..Grams -.36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------. 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1.097 28 ...-.152 ..0 Cubic feet _.. ....08 746...16 .. Miles per hour.280 8 Yards -..087 feet)-...03527 .609 3 ..-Square meters..

APPENDIX D 209 :. o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f . British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ .

.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I .~~~~U GERNMN S.erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. British Protractor--Rev. RR oG L h. OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 .. < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o . PRNTG GOER.

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