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L SERIES, NO. 13

MAY 15, 1943

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY,
REGRADED BY /%2

AUm THITrYOF

UNCLASSIFIED aY DOD DIR. 5200. 1 R
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PREPARED BY

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE
WAR DEPARTMENT

PRBVERM OF U;S X

REGRADED UNCLASSIFIED BY

AUhI;sJWoFDOD DIR. 5200,1
BY / .

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 14keJ'WAR DEPARTMENT,

SERVICE

CGirl:'lv'ti 'it

SPECIAL SERIES No. 13
MIS 461

WASHINGTON, May 15, 1943

NOTICE
1. Publication of Special Series is for the purpose of providing officers with reasonably confirmed information from official and other reliable sources. 2. Each command should circulate available copies among its officers. This issue will not be communicated to the public or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be loyal to the United States. Reproduction within the military service is permitted, provided the source is stated, and the information is safeguarded. 3. Readers are invited to comment on the use that they are making of this publication and to forward suggestions for future issues. Such correspondence may be addressed directly to the Dissemination Unit, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D. C. Other publications of the Military Intelligence Service include: Tactical and Technical Trends (biweekly); Intelligence Bulletin (monthly); Military Reports on the United Nations (monthly). Requests for additional copies of all publications of the Military Intelligence Service should be forwarded through channels for approval.

UNCLASSIFIED

CONTENTS
Section 1. INTRODUCTION II. U. S. MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS -------------------III. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. S. EQUIVALENTS_ IV. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS -----------------------V. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH ------------------------------------_ -____---------1. SPELLING -___ -...-2. PRONUNCIATION -______-____-___ --

Page

1 2 64 80 83
83 84

a. Differences in Accentuation ------.--_ b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds _-----__--c. Proper Names _--------3. VOCABULARY . _ -_______________ ....----

84 ..85 85
85

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. 1. m. n.

--------_ Business -----------------------------------Clothing_ Food -----------------------------------House ---Law and Public Affairs ----------------Motoring --------------.Occupations --------------------Recreations -----------------------Post Office and Telephone___: ------School and College ----------_ Shopping --------------------------Street ---.------------Time__ ------_ -------- -----------Travel -_---------------

86 87 87 88 88 89 89 90 90 91 91 91 92 92

VI. ABBREVIATIONS -------

--

----

93
93

1. HEADQUARTERS, FORMATIONS, STAFF, APPOINT----------MENTS, AND SERVICES_-___---_--

a. Headquarters and Formations--______--------(1) General--------(2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE)_III

93 93 94 94

Supporting Arms-. Royal Royal Corps Royal Royal Royal Royal Royal Corps Armoured Corps (RAC) -------.Master .. STAFF. b. Army Air Corps --------------------i. 5.. e. 104 h.-101 g.... 7..... Regiment of Artillery (RA) .. Page 1.. d... Infantry of the Line -. ABBREVIATIONS-Continued.----_ ------_---- 105 105 . Departmental Corps ----------------104 4.IV CONTENTS VI.... Royal Armored Corps-RAC (Cavalry 99 of the Line) ----------------------100 e... h. Headquarters and Formations-Con..... f. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS -_--_-__.RE) -----Corps of Signals (R Sigs) ------Army Service Corps (RASC) Army Medical Corps (RAMC)___ Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC)__ Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC)_ of Military Police (CMP) ------CODE ------------_______ ----. 6. of Royal Engineers (. Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards)__ .. HEADQUARTERS... Order of Precedence -----------98 _ 99 c. Services --95 2. Household Cavalry ----------------d... Appointments ----------------------d. Staff ------------------------------94 94 (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS)__ 95 (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A)__ (3) Quarter . AND SERVICES-Continued. General --------------------------98 b.. i.______3. a. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY ----------------------.--. c. APPOINTMENTS. 100 f. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. ----96 98 -_______-.. 94 (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs)__ 94 (5) Anti-Aircraft Defense (AAD)___ Corps Army Service (6) Royal 94 (RASC) ------------94 (7) Royal Air Force (RAF) ------b.- a. 105 105 105 106 106 107 107 107 107 108 RECONNAISSANCE MISCELLANEOUS- --SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS_____ 185 . g.General's ------------95 Branch (Q) -95 c... FORMATIONS..

...-__-..__. Modified British System -------------(1) General ---------------------(2) Description---.. GENERAL---____-_--.... British System -------_______ ---- _ 190 190 191 (1) Description-----------------(2) Use-----------------------c....--a. Other Monetary Terms -___-__---_____ 203 204 ... C.. -. General ----. S.-____-_._____-.. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE -...2. General -----------_____--------b. (1) Procedures-------------(2) Methods of Transmission-----e...1. ---- a..---------1.. b.___ b.. d.... "Secret"_-. Origin -----------------------.. b. BRITISH AND U... CATEGORIES -------------__-__-___-...CONTENTS V Page . CURRENCY -__---___--_______---. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers ---........__-... Lower Categories -------------------OF CLASSIFICATION --------------- 187 187 188 188 188 189 2. GENERAL--______________________.. MAPS ------------...----------- 190 190 190 3.... CHANGE 3. Writing a Message for Transmission'___ d... SCALES--__.. c. CLASSIFICATIONS --_____ 189 B. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES -------------------------------------1.. CONVERSION TABLES --------------------...__-.. -_-_ 200 201 201 202 202 203 203 ------....----------------187 187 Appendix A. Phonetic Alphabet ----_-_---_-_-----_ Pronunciation of Numbers ------------ c.--..___-------------_ e.. Strength of Signals -__-------_ -_ -___ D..______ _-__-_-____ -_____ "Most Secret"_-. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1.. Sending a Message __...... a...---__ ------------_ 2. STANDARD PROCEDURES 191 191 192 192 192 193 194 195 198 198 198 198 198 -- _ _____________--____ -- a.------------(3) 1 inch to 10 miles map--------(4) }4 inch to 1 mile map---------(5) 1 inch to I mile and larger scale maps-.

British Protractor-Reverse ---------- 204 205 206 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 210 ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE I.VI CONTENTS D. Modified British System grid. S. march dispositions (with equivalent British termi- nology) -------------------------------2.. Differences ------------------------b.. Modified British System grid. British and Metric Units of Length ---f. S. 7. British Protractor-Obverse ---------h. 2. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales ----e. U. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology) ---------------. Gasoline. CONVERSION TABLES-Continued. Grid lettering. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology) -------------------------------3. 1 inch to 10 miles map S. Modified British System ----------------. 1 inch to 1 mile map______ 10.------------. U. ¼4 inch to 1 mile map---9. General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Measures ------------g.. Chief British staff officers at various headquarters -----5. and Water ------------(1) Formulas-------------------(2) Weight of gasoline and oil----(3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums ------------d. Oil. S. 4. U. British message blank (reduced from original size) ----- 5 10 39 97 192 193 . WEIGHTS AND MEASURES_-----______________ Page 204 a. Horsepower -------------------------c._194 195 196 199 . Modified British System grid. British System grid --------------------------------6.

S. Since new forms are constantly appearing. a more serious difficulty is caused by the fact that British usage includes many words identical with ours but having important differences in meaning. and the U. A related problem is caused by the British use of military abbreviations which differ from ours and appear more frequently both in military documents and in every day speech in the British Army. equivalents are given for British military terms which are unfamiliar or might be misunderstood. gallon. battery do not have the same connotations for U.Section I. S. However. INTRODUCTION British military terminology includes a number of words unfamiliar to U. and with terms which may be useful during a stay in the United Kingdom. A separate section will deal with certain main differences in spelling and pronunciation. S. S. ton. military terms are given with their British equivalents. for example. and British officers. In the lists which follow. The appendixes include information on British terms which are used in certain special fields of general or technical interest to military forces. troops. To help in the understanding of new abbreviations. the list of abbreviations which is given in section VI cannot be complete. 1 . a few principles pertaining to their formation are suggested at the end of the section. common U.

4. rather. by the GSO 1 inf a British division. of which he is required to render periodic returns or reports as to the status of the property or funds. followed by the approximate equivalent term in British usage. Where a U. S. S.-An officer who has charge of property carried on a stock record. Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command"). For example. p. functional term has no British equivalent. the general duties performed by a Chief of Staff in our higher units are performed by a Brigade Major in the British brigade. there is no Chief of Staff in British units. without permission from proper authority and without intention of deserting. or pieces attached to assault infantry regiments or battalions for their close support. Accompanying artillery. platoons. etc. 97). S. The property may be issued to other officers or to organizations on memorandum receipts. 2 British Absence from duty without leave or illegal absence. whereupon such officers or the commander of the organization become responsible for such property.Section 11. (see fig. U. the British system may be different enough to explain the absence of a single term as even an approximate equivalent.-Single batteries. or of funds.-Absent from post or duty. . United States Absent without leave (AWOL). MILITARY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS WITH BRITISH EQUIVALENT TERMS The following glossary contains common U. Accountable officer. military terms with their definitions. this does not necessarily imply that the function does not exist in the British armed forces. Responsible officer.

train bivouacs. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 3 'British United States Action. usually issued by divisions and higher units. supply. computations pertaining to movements.-An order covering administrative details. Adilressee." It comprises: supply. collecting points for stragglers and prisoners of war.-A map on which is recorded graphically information pertaining to administrative matters. replacements. martial law.-An engagement or battle. No equivalent. Same or administration map.) Advance. Commalid post or battle headquarters (BHQ) or tactical headquarters (THQ or Tac HQ or Tac). Administrative map. graves registration.-The person or office to which a message is to be delivered. when the instructions are too voluminous to be included in paragraph 4 of the field order. or both. . To make progress in the direction of the enemy. Adlninistrative order.-A designated point forward from the regular command post and convenient to the commander or a small staff party. rear echelon. Administration order (often issued as an appendix to the divisional operation order).-An advance controlled by the assignment of successive movement objectives usually from one terrain line to the next. (See also Combat orders. Same (terminates upon contact with the enemy). Advance by echelon. S. straggler line. Same. administration includes all phases of military operations not involved in the terms "tactics" and "strategy. burials. military governmrent. To move forward.-When unqualified. and at other times when necessary to publish administrative instructions to the command. traffic control. transportation. main supply road(s). and evacuation. censorship. and the line forward of which no lights will be shown. Same. for the exercise of temporary control. necessary tactical details also shown. evacuation. Advance command post.U.-An advance of a unit by successive movements of its component elements. Advance by bounds. personnel management. such as supply and evacuation installations. usually one on a small scale. construction. Same. salvage. Same. such as traffic. Administration.-The progress of a command toward the enemy. maintenance. and other allied subjects. sanitation. quartering.

(See cedes the main body on the march.Air reconnaissance ing the air reconnaissance activities of various area.000) and "regional" (scale 1:1. and messenger. . intended primarily for use in air navigation. the support of the advance 1. They are classified as "sectional" (scale 1:500. Advance section. fig. Aerial (or air) observation. units having organic or attached observation aviation. and moves ahead of.-A detachment that is sent out by.) guard and forms the reconnoitering element of the support. Same. Air area. Van guard. loons. pertaining to air navigation has been added.-A picture taken from Aerial photograph.-An establishment of the Medical De.Aerial observation. 1. the personnel and equipment necessary to operate message centers.000.-The forward or most advanced No equivalent. Advance party. (See fig.-A security detachment which pre.) Aeronautical charts.-Advance toward. Aerial (or air) photograph. tion to which the wounded are brought.Advanced guard.-(See Oblique (Vertical) aerial (or air) photograph.4 BRITISH: MILITARY TERMINLOLOGY United States British Advance guard. The first station on the route of evacuasimilar unit). Agency of signal communication. Aerial (or air) photograph. communications with advanced units or units operating on a flank. pigeon.-An area assigned as a means of coordinat. radio. oblique (vertical).-Maps upon which information Aeronautical maps. Advance on. and further disposition of casualties in of a battalion or combat. any kind of aircraft.-A term embracing Signal unit.-Observation from bal.-A communication center Advanced signal (or for the reception and relay of messages to facilitate report) centre.) Advance message center. (RAP) (in the case sorting.000). airplanes. sound. and wire communication. visual. subdivision of the communications zone. An aid station is usually established for the battalion in combat by the battalion section of the regimental medical detachment. signal intelligence. or airships. Aid station. signal supply.Regimental aid post partment provided for the emergency treatment.

o. (11). ROUTE COLUMN ( U.S.) (7) Advanced guard.tU. Rear guard: (9). (3). S. (13) Rear guard mobile troops. REAR GUARD British equivalents Route column: (1) Mobile troops (reconnaissance (recce) unit).-U. (12) Rear parties of rear guard. (8) (Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 5 sance Detachment (Rcn Det) (1) I Cl Point (2) Direction of March Direction of March ]Guard Advance Party (3) - Main Body or Patrol (8) H Advance Guard (Adv Gd) (7) Support (4) | 2 Reserve (9) Rear Guardt (Rr Gd) Reserve (5) jSupport (10) (10) [ [ L Rear D Party (11i) Rear Point (12) Main Body (6) m (13) L.. S. march dispositions (with equivalent British terminology). (4) Van guard. (5) Main guard. O U. (6). Figure 1. (2). .S. (10) Main body of rear guard.

balloon barrages. Same. operating. Airdrome. with the necessary additional installations for servicing. Alternate emplacement. Alternate firing position.-Troops moved by aircraft who disembark after the aircraft reaches the ground.-A straight line upon which several elements are formed or are to be formed. Fighter command.-A firing position from which the same fire missions can be executed as from the primary firing position. antiaircraft artillery. Alinement.-A landing field. or the dressing of several elemients upon a straight line.-A warning system consisting of observers. and passive antiaircraft defense measures. and maintaining military aviation units. Car post (CP).-Superiority over enemy aviation sufficient to permit air or ground operations in any specific locality without effective hostile air opposition.-A command which is equipped and organized for sustaining the operations of a specific air force.6 BRITISHU MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Air base. and signal communication established by territorial commanders for the primary purpose of determining courses of hostile aircraft and of distributing information to industrial centers and to military and naval commands.-An emplacement prepared for occupation in case the principal emplacement becomes untenable or unsuitable. An alarm warning. British Same. Vigilant. Air raid warning system. Alternative site. information centers. Air superiority (or advantage). pursuit aviation. Ambulance loading post. Same. Air defense command. including aircraft warning services. Air-landing troops.-An organization for the coordination of all measures of defense against enemy air operations. Aerodrome. . arming. Airborne troops. Alignment. Same.-A state of readiness for movement or action. Alternative position. Air superiority. Alert. Aircraft warning service.-A point where casualties are loaded into ambulances.-A general term used to include parachute troops and other troops transported and landed by air.

IU.Anti-tank ditch.-A grouping of antitank mines Anti-tank minefield. The route leading to anything. charts. to the point of effective small-arms fire. Ambush.-A concealed place or station where troops Same. Antitank weapons. Annexes. lie hidden for the purpose of attacking by surprise. dispositions. forces against attack from the air. Antiaircraft artillery intelligence service. or armored units. and establishments against mechanized. To attack from such a position. mission is employment against armored vehicles. sketches. to protect troops. S. Antitank mine field. tables.-Those weapons whose primary Anti-tank weapons. any device similarly operated. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 7 British United States Ambulance station.-Orders.-A route by which a place or position can Same.-That class of defense provided Anti-aircraft (including passive air by the coordinated employment of air and ground defence (PAD)). motorized. front to rear and vice versa. . Troops posted in such a position. defence Antiaircraft defense.No equivalent (performed at the administration and control of ambulance units and vanced dressing stathe regulation of movement of ambulances from tion).. graphs. sage of track-laying vehicles. be approached by an attacking force. Approach march.-A system Royal Obesrver Corps. as a bridge. usually in extended Same. forms. or air attack is encountered.-The advance. RAF (searchlight of observers and communication facilities estabunits and spotters lished by antiaircraft artillery units for the purwithin the unit carry pose of gathering and transmitting information of out these duties).-The measures employed Anti-tank defence. Approach. also. placed in concealed positions so spaced as to stop or impede the progress of track-laying vehicles. maps. etc.-A point established for the ad. enemy air activities necessary for the proper employment of the antiaircraft artillery. Appendices and traces or annexures. Antimechanized defense. installations. from the point where hostile medium artillery fire is expected.-A device consisting of a metal box Anti-tank mine. employed to amplify orders and reports. overlays. It includes passive means of defense. Antitank mine. containing a quantity of high explosive which detonates when pressure is exerted on it.-A ditch designed to stop the pas. Antitank ditch.

Arrive. Armoured troops. local. Armored car. Same (usually spoken of as battery position or troop position). Artillery corps. transported in wheeled or track-laying-type motor vehicles. platoon. Artillery position. King's Regulations. the bulk of which are provided either with partial or complete armor.-An assault delivered on an extended front under coordination of a higher commander.-A position selected for and occupiod by an artillery fire unit for the delivery of fire. Refers to the head of a unit. general.-A combined force comprising reconnaissance.-An assault initiated and executed by a small unit (squad.-The officially printed announcements of current War Department policies and rules. . it is called the "charge. United States Approach trench:--A trench serving to connect fire trenches from front to rear. Same. they may be fixed or portable. To close with the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. Local attack. section. When delivered by mounted troops.8 BRITTISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Co m m u n i c at io n trench. Same. Same. Artillery with the corps. Armoured car. Armored force.-An armed and armored motor vehicle designed primarily for reconnaissance. assault. and attached artillery. Assault. includes corps. assigned to General attack.-To reach a designated point or line. Army Regulations. Artificial obstacles. and supporting troops of more than one arm or service. battalion) in order to take immediate advantage of local conditions.-To close with the enemy in order to employ weapons and shock action.-Obstacles prepared by human agency. Assault. Same. company." To deliver a concentrated attack from a short distance.-Intensive artillery fire delivered on hostile forward elements (short preparation) and other objectives (longer preparation) during the period immediately prior to the advance of the infantry from its line of departure to attack.-A term used to indicate all the artillery in a corps. Artillery preparation. Assault. division.

b. Daily automatic supply means that supplies are dispatched daily to an organization or installation.-A process of supply under which deliveries of specific kinds and quantities of supplies are moved in accordance with a predetermined schedule. .U.-An advance upon the enemy to drive him from his position. Automatic supply.-An aggressive action continued after an objective has been reached in order to prevent the enemy from reconstituting his defense on a rearward position. in close order.) Attacking echelon. p. Assembly area. Balanced stocks.-The area in which elements of a command are organized preparatory to further action.-A unit placed temporarily under the direct orders of the commander of another unit to which it does not organically belong. 2.-Theinitial and probable successive locations of the command post of a unit.-(Obsolete. Auxiliary arm. (See also Exploitation. forming up or concentration (b). Same. 2. Supporting arm. for the purpose of coordination or reorganization preceding further effort or movement. 9 British Forming up or parade (a). Normal supply. Assembly position.-Accumulation of supplies of all classes and in the quantities determined as necessary to meet requirements for a fixed period of time. Attack. of the elements of a command. The grouping of units in areas. p. (See fig. No equivalent. 10.-The leading echelon in attack. Axial road. Exploitation. prior to or following combat.) Unit "'under command. Signal communication along the centre line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry).) (See Leading troops in attack.-Any arm that assists the principal arm assigned the mission of gaining or holding ground. Ballistics. named in the direction of contemplated movement. fig. Attack.) Axis of signal communication.-The science of the motion of projectiles. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Assembly. The regular grouping. Attached unit." Same.-a. continuing. S. 10.) (See Main supply road.

(8) (Same. (2) (Same. .) (5) (Same. regiment in attack (with equivalent British terminology).-U. (4) (Same.) (7) Plan of attack.) (9) Exploitation. S.) (6) (Same.) (3) Start(ing) line (SL). Figure 2.10 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Continuing Attack (9) Regimental Objective (6) Intermediate Objective for the 2d Battalion(5) > Intermediate Objective for the lstBattalion(4) a r3 Fire and Movement (8) 4 21>3 <~Line of Departure (3) Approach March (2) ~(2) ASsembly Area ~(1) British equivalents (1) Assembly position.

prepared normally by photogrammetric means and at a scale of 1:20. Kit bag. Battle map. Barrier tactics. .000. that block or restrict entrance into an area. Barracks bag. Same.-Position occupied by advance troops landing on a hostile shore to protect landing areas for other friendly troops and for supplies on the beach or at a port. Base reserves. Defensive position (or system) or point of (on a manoeuvre small scale). either stationary or moving. under the control of the commander of the theater.-Tofortify or close with a barrier. S. fire Barrage. 519636--43----2 Same. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 11 British United States Balloon barrage. with or without connecting cables or supported nets. usually applied to roads. Same. No equivalent.-A map.-The unit on which a movement is regulated. for the theater of operations as a whole. Battle position. Beach defence. or both. Same. Same.-A group of obstacles. No equivalent.U. Balloon bed. Same. Beachhead.-That part of the ground organization for defense against landing attacks which is located at or near the beach for resistance at the water's edge. Barrier.-A mooring place on the ground for captive balloon. either natural or artificial. No equivalent. Base section. Base unit (or base of movement).-Prearranged on a line or lines. Beach defense. for the tactical and technical needs of all arms.-The rear area or subdivision of the communications zone. Barricade. Base area.-A heavy cloth bag issued to each soldier for the purpose of carrying his individual equipment.-The position of principal resistance in defense. Same.-Supplies accumulated and stored in depots for the purpose of establishing a general reserve.-A term used to describe the use of obstacles defended by fire. consisting of a system of mutually supporting defensive sectors (areas) disposed in breadth and depth.-A barrier of captive balloons. against which hostile airplanes may be expected to run or because of which they may be forced to fly high over an area that it is desired to defend.

traveling toward it at a constant speed and altitude.-A signal. and the other a center of impact which is short of.-The pattern formed by the cone of fire Same. troops. or units) or leaguer (in desert warfare). To put into camp. to protect the passage of a river or defile by the remainder of the command. a defensive system into unorganized areas in rear. Bound." "medium. or military works. Call sign. Boundary.--Work done for the purpose of deceiv. classes established in dumps on the beach. Bivouac. classified as "light. the target. used for radio station identification. should release its first bomb to have it strike the nearest edge of the defended area. or location of material. or of Code sign.--Shelter consisting of private or public build.-An accumulation of supplies of all Same.Same. Camouflage. armoured formations shelter tents. A temporary location or station for troops." and "heavy. Same. a defended area over which a bomber.-A line designating the lateral limit of a Same.-An imaginary line drawn around Same.Same. when it strikes the ground. vancing in one of several successive moves.-Thattype of aviation whose Bombers or bomber primary mission is the attack of surface objectives. To establish a camp. or improvised shelter. Camp.Same." Bomb-release line. nature. Breakthrough. ing an area.-The distance covered by a unit when ad.-Shelter consisting mainly of heavy tentage. aircraft. ing the enemy as to the existence. zone of action or of an area or sector of defense. . usually a group of letters.-Positionoccupied by advance troops Same. Bridgehead. letters and numerals.-A penetration of the entire depth of Same. one giving a center of impact which is over. ings. Bombardment aviation.12 BRITIS'H MILIT'ARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States British Beach reserves. Billets.-The difference between two ranges or Same.Same. Beaten zone. Box barrage. Bracket.-A system of standing barrages enclos. elevations.-An area in which troops rest on the ground Same or harbour (for with no overhead cover or under natural cover.

Cylinder. Chief of Staff. or an incendiary action. If the number of elements considered is even. and all communications. discharge.-A material of such physical and chemical characteristics that a dangerous or killing concentration can be set up under conditions encountered in the field. Registration. Poisonous gas.-Measurestaken to prevent the leakage of information.U. or desertion.-A method of secret writing that substitutes other characters for the letters intended or transposes the plain text letters or employs both these processes. sickness. Same. from which transfers can be made to targets of opportunity. (See General Staff.-A substance useful in war which. capture. press dispatches.-The process of sterilizing water for drinking purposes by treatment with calcium hypochlorite. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 13 British United States Cantonment. No exact equivalent.) Chlorination. on duty with the staff of a division or higher unit. they are applied to private communications. Same. detailed as such.-A group of temporary buildings especially erected for the shelter of troops.) Chemical agent. Center. photography. wounds. Hutment. (See also Fire for adjustment and Registration. radio broadcasts. Chemical land mine. a screening smoke. Same. Chemical cylinder.-Registrationof fire on easily identified points throughout the zone of fire.-A cylindrical tank from which chemical agents are released through a valve by means of internal gas pressure.-The senior General Staff officer.-The middle point or element of a command. No. is capable of producing a toxic effect. a powerful irritant effect. Censorship. Check concentrations. Same. Same. after release and acting directly through its chemical properties. the right center element is considered the center element. Casualties.equivalent. Same. . Cipher.-A container of persistent gas employed with a detonator to contaminate surrounding ground and vegetation.-Losses in numerical strength by death. S. Casualty agent (chemical). publications.

oil.") Close order.-A class of supplies consisting of ammunition. Circulation map. Traffic map. Rations (procured and i C Issued by R Soconsists only of food. . purely military items purely military items epaired RAOC. such as rations and forage. pyrotechnics. sorted. Vehicles (procured and paired by REME). and chemicals. class of supplies consisting of engine Class III. gas masks. or instructions in plain (uncoded) language. Same.' Same. arms.-To pass a designated point or line. Same. such as clothing. Refers to the tail of a unit. orders.-A map showing the measures for traffic regulation. tools. stations. ant an (procuredand (PL) Ammunition (procured b RAOC and issued by RAS). Clear (verb). Class I. Petrol (gasoline). construction materials. The procurement and storage of all items (including repair parts) will remain in the hands of the appropriate service. behind the first echelon. radio sets. and instruments.-A fuels and lubricants. a newly formed corps. and coal. I It is intended that the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME). of all items. and turned over to the army for further evacuation. excepting those of the first echelon. Diesel oil.-A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are not covered in Tables of Basic Allowances and the demands for which are directly related to the operations contemplated or in progress (except for articles in classes III and V). Class IV. will eventually belong to this corps. such as fortification materials. fuel oil.--A class of supplies consisting of those articles which are consumed at an approximately uniform daily rate irrespective of combat operations or terrain. Circuit diagram. antitank mines. and machinery. (Formerly called "hospital station. All troops engaged in maintenance and repair work. Equipment and materiel (procured and issued by RAOC. including gasoline for all vehicles and aircraft. Class V. trucks.-The sending of messages.-A schematic representation of the technical arrangements and connections of the circuits and terminal installations of the wire system. treated if necessary. Casualty clearing station (CCS). Clearing station.-The corps or division medical installation where sick and wounded are assembled from the collecting stations and aid.14 BRITISH MI'ITARY TERMINOLOGY United States British Same. will eventually take over all maintenance and repairs.-A authorized articles for which allowances are established by the Tables of Basic Allowances.-Any formation in which units are arranged in line or column with normal or close intervals and distances. Clothing (procured b d is RAO ). by r civilian items adapted for military use repaired by REME). class of supplies consisting of those Class II. and which do not necessitate special adaptation to meet individual requirements. Clear (in the).

flank. Army and Navy forces and their installations assigned to the defense of coastal frontiers. placed one behind another.Same. mand which includes all harbor defenses located within a specified area and such mobile coast artillery units as may be assigned thereto.-A point designated for the collec. Coastal frontier. Collecting point. It extends seaward to cover the coastwise sea lanes and focal points of shipping approaching the coast. coastal area established for organization and command purposes in order to insure effective coordination between Army and Navy forces engaged in coastal frontier defense. Coastal frontier defense. letters. arbitrary groups of symbols given in a code book as equivalents of whole sentences.Collecting post' (for prisoners of war tion of prisoners of war or stragglers. or numbers.-A naval force which may be organ. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 15 United States British Coastal force.-The organization of the Coast defence force.-The whole area of the navigable Same. Coastwise sea lane. only).U. ineluding such forward. Collecting station.-A formation in which the elements are Same or line ahead.-A geographic division of friendly No equivalent. Column. and rear security forces as may be employed. . and preparing them for further evacuation by ambulance.-The water area adjacent to the Coast route. Coast artillery district. phrases. waters adjacent to the seacoast. It includes all the usually traveled routes of coastwise shipping. ized to operate within the coastal zone to meet a special situation in which naval local defense forces are inadequate to carry out the Navy's functions in coastal frontier defense.-A peacetime tactical com. forward combat zone for the purpose of collecting and receiving casualties from aid stations and units.Fortress command. seacoast. words.-An establishment located in the Advanced dressing station (ADS). Coastal zone. A march column comprises all elements of a command marching on one route under the control of one commander.-A method of secret writing that substitutes 'Same. Code. S.

Group (with the basic desigorganization nated before it: e. as by two or more allie§.-Military intelligence produced in the field. after the outbreak of hostilities.) Combat zone. It is divided into army. covering any phase of operations in the field. Corps of Engineers. such as an infantry regiment. Combat intelligence.-The forward area of the theater of operations required for the active operations of the combatant forces. Combat team. a field artillery battalion. land. Air Corps. . and air forces). brigade group).-Oral.-The outpost or security detachments established by subordinate commanders (company or battalion) when the distance of a security echelon from the main line of resistance is so reduced that the security troops can be more effectively coordinated with. Combat outpost. and supported by.-A nonorganic grouping of two or more units of different arms. etc. Combat orders. letters of instruction. Combat unit loading. (but No equivalent falls in the category of intelligence). the combat echelon than can a separate outpost under the control of higher commanders. and a combat engineer company. Combat orders include field orders. or written orders issued by a commander to his subordinate leaders. Forward area. corps. and division areas2 Combined operations. Field Artillery. dictated. by the military intelligence section of GHQ and military intelligence sections of all subordinate units. and administrative orders.-The principal element of offensive or defensive power.-(See Unit loading. g. Same (but applied only to operations carried out by sea and land forces or by sea. Operation orders (00's) or operation instruction s..16 BRITISIH AIrLITARY TERMINIOLOGY British Fighting group. United States Combat echelon. or any two or more of them. Cavalry.-The tactics of the combined or associated arms. by the Army and Navy. Outpost. as the Infantry. Joint operations. or (for division and adhigher levels) ministration orders (Adm Orders).

-A motor vehicle. Commercial loading. Command post. other than personal equipment. Contagious disease. (See Post exchange (PX). Command car. Grocery shop and store.-A disease caused by germs. the other two being combat and supply elements. Armoured command vehicle (ACV).-The authority which an individual exercises over his subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment. ration shop. Communicable disease. .-Method of loading in which ship (airplane) space is utilized to the maximumn and the tactical employment of the troops on landing is not contemplated until their equipment. and other agencies required for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces in the theater of operations.-The staff agencies and command facilities immediately required by the commander for assistance in tactical operations. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 17 British United States Command.-An office where subsistence stores are issued or sold.-A rising ground which overlooks a post or position. To order or exercise command. Commissary. equipped with facilities to assist in the exercise of command therefrom. The vertical height of the fire crest of the parapet above the original natural surface of the ground. No equivalent. Communications zone. S. usually armed and armored. The vertical height of any ground over other ground in its vicinity. usually run by NAAFI). The direction of a commander expressed orally and in the prescribed phraseology.-That part of the theater of operations between its rear boundary and the rear boundary of the combat zone. the establishments of supply and evacuation. Line of communications (L of C) area. A body of troops or a locality under the command of one individual. Same. Commanding ground.) Same. and local produce store (part of an institute.'U. Advanced (or forward) HQ. One of the essential elements of -military organization. has been issued to them. containing the lines of communication. which can be communicated from one person to another.

-Barbed wire in cylindrical form capable of being collapsed for easy transportation.-The picture that results from the joining together of the vertical and the transformed oblique photographs made by a multiple-lens camera. which prevent ground observation and direct fire into the area.-To hold in place. Same (a and b). b. attack. The amount of toxic chemical vapor in a given volume of air at any particular time and place.-An area of terrain inclosed on at least two opposite sides by terrain features such as ridges.)--Any group (or file) of individuals used to maintain contact between separated forces or elements. woods. or bodies of water. Containing action. Concentration. British trcetchor-bcarcrs.-Soldiers of the Medical Corps assigned to a company for the purpose of providing emergency treatment and caring for casualties in combat. No equivalent. Connecting file. c. Same. Consolidationof position.-The state or condition of being hidden from the enemy's view. Same. To enclose. Same. on mobilization. Concealment. massed fire (c).-A trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel moving from one part of an entrenched position to another. Multiple call. Same. or defense. Concertina wire.-a.ERMINIOLOGY United States Communication trench. Connecting group (or file. Same. A volume of fire placed on an area within a limited time. Same. . Company aid men. Same. Composite photograph. Conferene call.-A telephone call in which one individual desires to obtain telephone connection with two or more other individuals at the same time in order to transmit instructions or information to all parties simultaneously.18 BRIT'ISZH MILIT'ARY T.-The act of organizing and strengthening a position recently captured. Any object affording protection from the view of the enemy. Contain. To restrain.-An attack designed to hold the enemy to his position or to prevent him from withdrawing any part or all of his forces for use elsewhere. for training. Compartment of terrain. cities. An assembly of troops in a particular locality.

S.-Any group of transportation temporarily organized to operate as a unit during movement. TERMS ANWD BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS British Same. within which a unit may be called upon to fire.-The difference in elevation of two Vertical interval. . Same. or leads toward an objective.. Vertical interval. 19 United States Containingforce.-A compartment of terrain of which the longer dimension lies generally in the direction of movement of a force.-A convenient point established by a unit on the route of its trains at which information and instructions are given and received in order to facilitate and regulate supply or traffic.-An attack by a part or all of the defending force against a hostile attacking force for the purpose of regaining lost ground or destroying hostile elements. Same. To escort. Contingent zone. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the reliefs for the sentinel.-(See Unit loading. Same.-The act of working together for the accomplishment of a common end.-An area within the field of fire.' Meeting point (for supply) or traffic control post.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs oriented with respect to each other and to a framework of points appearing on the photographs whose locations on the ground have been definitely determined. Same. regulating. Contour interval.-The act of supervising.-A body of troops whose mission is to hold an enemy force in check or position. Controlled mosaic. Immediate counter-attack (launched before consolidation of positions) or deliberate counter-attack (launched after consolidation of positions). Coordination. Counterbattery fire. and combining to gain the best results. Control point. Corridor.--Artillery fire delivered for the neutralization or destruction of enemy batteries in position.) Cooperation. Convoy. Convoy unit loading. Observation post by day. To accompany for the purpose of protecting. Same. Counterattack. adjacent contours. listening post by night (no definite number of soldiers). Cossack post. with a single sentinel in observation. other than the normal zone.-An outguard consisting of four men posted as an observation group. No equivalent.U. Same (usually carried out by corps artillery).

Counteroffensive. Counterpreparation. Same. or provide security for.--The science which embraces the methods and devices used to convert a written message into code or cipher. (See also Reserve requirements.) Crest. Credit. Same.-Measurestaken to destroy the effectiveness of the enemy's intelligence system. Coverage. . Same. Same. Cryptography. Same.-Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation. Counterreconnaissance.-An offensive operation launched by an entire defending force for the purpose of defeating the enemy. or any object affording such protection. Cryptographic security. and their careful protection. attack. or by any combination of these methods. To protect. The actual or topographical crest. Same. their proper use.-An allocation of a definite quantity of supplies which is placed at the disposal of the commander of an organization for a prescribed period of time. The vertical relief of a trench measured from the bottom. Same. Counterintelligence.-The area covered in any one exposure by an aerial (or air) photograph. or defense. British Defensive fire (term "counter-preparation" abolished). No equivalent. another force or a locality. or from the trench board. to the top of the parapet. Reserve supplies.-Prearranged delivered in a fire defensive action just prior to the enemy attack for the purpose of breaking up the attack or reducing its effectiveness. Locations for sector controls or traffic control posts. Covering force (or detachment). reconnaissance. Same.20 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIINOLOGY United States Counterespionage. Cover.-That form of signal-communication security which deals with the provision of technically sound cryptographic systems.-Natural or artificial shelter or protection from fire or observation.-Those measures taken to screen a command from hostile ground and air observation and reconnaissance.-The summit or highest line of a ridge.-Mleasures taken to prevent espionage by the enemy. Same. Critical points--Selected terrain features along a route of march with respect to which instructions are given to serials for the purpose of controlling the movement.

Daily wastage rate. S. Intention (a). Dead space. the coast line within which defense operations will involve both Army and Navy forces.-a.-Ground which cannot be covered by fire from a position. one side being decisively defeated.-The estimated average expenditure of various items of supply per day in campaign expressed in quantities of specific items or in pounds per man per day. Defence. Day of fire. Defensive coastal area. The act of defending. A decisive outcome of a battle. Defense. Daily train.-That portion of the range within which a target of given dimensions would be hit by a projectile with a given angle of fall. and later to initiating an offen. Same.--(See Unit of fire. because of intervening obstacles. or other close country into open country. Same.'U. strength report is included. area. Dead ground. British Daily ration strength state. Same.-The means adopted for resisting attack. sive in order to gain an objective. The general plan of a commander expressed definitely and briefly. Defense. To secure Defend. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 21 United States Daily telegram. Decision. Defended locality. Danger area. Danger space. against attack. b.-The train arriving daily at a railhead with supplies for troops which the railhead serves.-To march from a defile. Decode.-A part of a coastal zone and of the land and water adjacent to. Debouch. Daily supply train. same (b). state of being defended.-A telegram or other message dispatched daily by divisions and larger units giving A the unit's situation as regards supplies. and inshore of. Coast defence area.) than a regiment). . wood.-That part of the battle position assigned to a unit as its area of responsibility in the all-around defense of the area of a higher unit (ordinarily used when referring to units smaller (See Sector. or. Same.-To maintain against force. To conduct a defensive battle.) Day of supply. Defensive-offensive.-To translate a code message into ordinary language.-The act of assuming the defensive with a view to permitting the enemy to exhaust his strength.

or the daiiger of being considered hostile. bay. usually including the approach to an important port. within which. Vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. harbor. Deferred message.Same.-An antiaircraft defensive Fighter patrol. Defilade. addressee may be delayed until the beginning of office hours of the morning following the day on which it is filed.-A portion of the coastal zone. or which restricts lateral movements. which includes two or more organized or partially organized battle positions.Same. Defensive zone. Defensive position. such as a mountain pass or a bridge. ployed to slow up the enemy's advance and gain time without becoming decisively engaged. Defensive sea area. A battle position. Delaying position.-Protection from hostile ground observa. international practice tacitly permits the belligerent to extend his jurisdiction with a view to the protection of neutral shipping from mine fields. measure in which pursuit aviation is employed in the systematic search for and subsequent attack of enemy aircraft. generally parallel Defended locality.-A position taken up for the pur. to the front. . if such area be publicly proclaimed and neutrals notified. pose of slowing up or interfering with the advance of the enemy without becoming decisively engaged. obstructions. or sound. Defile.-Any area occupied and more or Same or defended post: less organized for defense.-An attack delivered or a show of Same.Intermediate position.-A terrain feature or a structure which can Same.-A message whose delivery to the Same. force made on a front where a'decision is not sought and for the purpose of deceiving the enemy. A system of mutually supporting defensive areas or tactical localities of varying size. be traversed only on a narrow front.-A belt of terrain.22 BRITISH MILITARY TiERMINOLOGY British United States Defensive patrol method. No equivalent.-A form of defensive action em. Demonstration. Delaying action. tion and fire provided by a mask.

-The direction in which the base of the command. Direct support." Same. .-A part of a unit separated from the main organization.-An order delivered orally. Depth. is facing at the instant considered. Discipline.-That mental attitude and state of training which render obedience and proper conduct habitual under all conditions. Same. classification. Detonator. Same. in preparation for action. No equivalent.U. Detached post. Deployment. Same. as to observe or guard some locality of special importance. and including the envelopment thereof. or salvage of supplies.-Pursuitconducted against the rear of retreating columns.-Support provided by that artillery which has the primary mission of supporting a designated subdivision of the combined force of which it is a part. including the front and rear elements. Same. issue. of which a verbatim record is made by the receiver. Arm or service depots pertain to a single arm or service and general depots pertain to two or more supply arms or services. S.-Laying in which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target.-An organized locality for the reception.-A sensitive explosive used in an explosive train. Direct laying. "In support. Same.-A post established outside the limits of the outpost proper for a special mission. Same. Direct pursuit.-The space from front to rear of any formation or of a position. Dictated order. whether actually in march or halted.--The distribution of a command from mass or route column disposition into smaller columns or groups. classification. or for the reception. Same.-To release from service. Detachment. Development. Same. British Same. Pursuit. 23 United States Deployment. Directionof march. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS. Depot. storage. and forwarding of replacements.-An extension of the front of a cornmand. Discharge.

-Thedistribution and the formation of the elements of a command and the duties assigned to each for the accomplishment of a common purpose. Same. Movement to new position.-A temporary stockage of supplies established by a corps. (AP). Dud. as between two piers. and by the identity of the unit establishing them. without hospitalization. such as "lst Infantry Ammunition Dump" or "1st Division Class I Supply Dump. march.-Issueof class I supplies to regimental or (similar unit) transportation at a dump established by higher authority. (AP). Disposition. Same.-Explosive ammunition which has failed to function." or "Ammunition Distributing Point. . Dumps are designated by the identity of the unit establishing them and by the class of supplies therein. When supplies are ordered issued from dumps.-A place. Same.-(See Dump (Railhead) (Unit) distribution.-Space between elements in the direction of depth.-A slip or waterway. Dispersion of projectiles.-A medical office where medicines are dispensed and dental treatment is furnished. or smaller unit. the latter become distributing points. 1st Infantry. for the reception of ships.24 BRITIS1H MILITARY TERMIOLOGY British Camp reception station. Same. Petrol (gasoline) point (PP)' Same. accomplished im various ways. where supplies are issued to regiments and smaller units. or SP). Distributing points are designated by the class of supplies therein." Dump distribution. Distributing point. Same. specifically by the supply officer of a higher unit. An intentional dispersion of fire for the purpose of covering a desired frontage or depth. division.-The movement of supporting weapons from one firing position to another. other than a depot or railhead. as battle. Distribution." Distribution. dump (railhead) (unit). A delivery of supplies. Distance. Dump. Displacement. United States Dispensary. Same.-Themanner in which troops are disposed for any particular purpose. or maneuver. 1st Division.) Dock. to subordinate units or to individuals. such as "Class I Distributing Point.

S.-To translate ordinary language into code. the different fractions of a command in the direction of depth. Same. Same. Encode.-To fire at a target so that the line of fire coincides with the long axis of the target. Entrucking (detrucking) point. effective results may be expected.-One of the subdivisions of a command.-Troops. Enveloping force. generally different in character. engineer. Same.-The point at which the head of a truck column halts for the entrucking (detrucking) of troops or supplies. Element. etc. Entrucking group. No equivalent.-A formation in which the subdivisions are placed one behind another extending beyond and unmasking one another wholly or in part. such as the attacking echelon. Enfilade. (See Firing position. Effective range. Embussing (debussing) point. support echelon. Superimposed fire. In battle formations.-Fire artillery of one division to reinforce the local counterpreparations of other divisions. The various subdivisions of a headquarters.-A prepared position from which a unit or a weapon executes its fire missions. mat6riel.-A pursuing force which moves around the hostile flanks or through a breach to reach the heads of retreating enemy columns and bring them to a halt. ordnance.) Encircling force. Same.-A barrage which may be ordered fired to cover gaps in the normal barrage line or to reinforce the normal barrage of another part of the line. British No equivalent (refers only to transport). and reserve echelon. The term "elements" is used in an inclusive sense to refer to all those various smaller units or parts of units. Defensive fire (though normally applied only to own front). or supplies properly disposed for loading at an entrucking point. Same.-The range at which. Emplacement. To prepare a message in code. for a particular weapon. as service elements. . to each of which a principal combat mission is assigned. planned by the Emergency counterpreparation. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 25 United States Echelon. meaning quartermaster.U. Emergency barrage. such as forward echelon and rear echelon. and medical units.

-A part of the naval local defense forces charged with the duty of protecting convoys within naval district waters. Same. Same. Assessment of value of intelligence report. Escort. Espionage.26 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same.-A body of armed men to guard a person. Estimate of the situation. its credibility.-An analysis of information to determine its probable intelligence value.-A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all available data affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action.-An offensive maneuver in which the main attack is directed from an area wholly or partially outside and to the flank(s) of the initial disposition of the enemy's main forces and toward an objective in his rear. Same.-The withdrawal of troops or civilians from a given area. Same. or of meteorological conditions in territory held by the enemy. that is. the act of clearing personnel (such as stragglers. (See also Situation. of the terrain not under friendly control. avoid surprise. or formulate the details of a plan. They include questions relating to enemy capabilities. which a commander needs in order to make a sound decision. and its application to the situation.-The process of obtaining information of the enemy by means of spies. prisoners of war. animals. Essential elements of information. or to accompany as a mark of respect or honor. or goods on a journey. its accuracy. Appreciation of the situation. United States Envelopment. Escortforce.-That information of the enemy. Same. including the expression of his decision. Evaluation of information. sick. and information requested by other units. usually assisted by a secondary attack directed against the enemy's front. and wounded). . or mat6riel (such as salvage and surplus baggage) from a given locality. other intelligence specifically desired by the commander. persons. conduct a maneuver.) Evacuation. also.

Field order. and organization equipment and baggage not needed initially in combat. To make a feint. Extreme range. 519636°-43-3 No exact equivalent (the Adjutant. continuing.-The act of increasing the natural strength of a defensive position by works designed to permit the fullest possible fire and movement of the defender. in order to stop assaults. forage. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 27 British United States Executive. Final protective line. the second-in-command. and not the second-incommand. (See Train. and to restrict to the greatest possible extent the movement and the effects of the fire of the attacker. greater than in close order.-Formations in which the individuals or elements are separated by intervals or distances. reinforce- .-The act of taking full advantage of a success. often fixed as to direction and elevation. and capable of delivery under any condition of visibility.-One of the number of officers and enlisted men assigned to an organization to bring it to mobilization strength. (See also Combat orders.-The maximum range of any weapon.) Field train. Defensive works of a temporary nature used in the field in both the attack and defense. (See also Attack. is placed grazing fire.) Filler replacement. A pretense.-An officer charged with the responsibility of supervising the work of the staff in a command not provided with a General Staff. the train of a regiment or similar unit carrying unit reserves of rations. Same. S. a predetermined line along which. "B" echelon transport. Feint. generally. performs these duties in the battalion or equivalent unit). Same.-For machine-gun fire.U. Exploitation. Same.-An attack or demonstration intended to deceive the enemy. or both.-An order conveying the directions of the commander to the subordinate commanders charged with the execution of tactical operations. fuel. Operation order (00). Fixed line. Same. Same. A stratagem. First-line ment. Field fortification.-Formerly.) Extended order.

Same. Aiming off. Same. and the length of the beaten zone is materially lessened. plunging. Fire. observed. Same. Fire. Fire.-Fire in which the angle of fall of the bullets with reference to the slope of the ground is such that the danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone. Sweeping (or traversing) fire. Same.-Fire on targets appearing suddenly or unexpectedly during the course of an engagement. oblique.-Fire distributed in the direction of width by successive changes in the direction of the gun. searching. indirect. Fire. Fire. Same. Fire. Fire.-Fire delivered by the unit while advancing at a walk.-Fire delivered at angles of elevation below that required for maximum range. high-angle.-Fire delivered from a direction oblique to the long axis of the target. frontal. traversing.-Fire delivered approximately at right angles to the front of the enemy's line. Same. low-angle.28 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Fire on the move.' Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets.-Firewhich is approximately parallel to the surface of the ground and does not rise higher above it than the height of a man standing. Same. Same. Same.-A condition of fire the effect of which is greater than that of the enemy. Fire.-Firedelivered at elevations greater than the elevation corresponding to the maximum range. assault. Fire. Same.-Fire which is adjusted by observation. Same. leading. Fire on targets of opportunity. Fire with a long or continuous danger space. Fire. or other linear target.-Trench designed primarily to provide cover for personnel when delivering rifle fire.-Firedistributed in the direction of depth by successive changes in the elevation of the gun. grazing. Fire superiority. Fire trench.-Fire in which the weapon is aimed by indirect laying. Fire. Same.-Firethat is delivered over the heads of friendly troops. . Fire. overhead. United States Fire.-Fire delivered to strike a moving target.

. Same.-The resultant group of trajectories obtained when a series of projectiles are fired from the same gun whose data and position have remained the same. Fire. Same Same. Same. S.-The combined fire of a group of individuals.-Fire from different directions brought to bear upon a single point or area. Same. Same.--Employment of technical means to place accurate fire on a target. Same. Fixed armament. Fixed obstacles. British Same. First aid. at appropriate times. collective. Same. Fire. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 29 United States Fire unit. combined traversing and searching.-Fire distributed both in width and depth by changes in direction and elevation of the gun.-A locality or emplacement from which a unit or a weapon executes fire missions.-Firein which the sights of the weapon are alined directly on the target. Fire. Fire control. converging. cone of. in the concentration or distribution of fire thereon. direct.-Exercise of the tactical command of one or more units in the selection of objectives and. Fire direction.-Emergency treatment of personal injuries. Fire.-Artillery fire delivered for the express purpose of destruction and when it is reasonable to expect that relatively complete destruction can be attained. Firing position. Fire. Destructive fire. Same. classified as primary. Searching and sweeping fire. Same.-That condition resulting from training and practice which insures an orderly and efficient conduct of the personnel in the delivery of fire. destruction. Fire. Same. or supplementary.-A unit whose fire in battle is under the immediate and effective control of its leader. Fire discipline.-Fire control includes all operations connected with the preparation and actual application of fire to a target.U.-Seacoast artillery weapons that are emplaced in permanent firing positions. Fire. conduct of.-Obstacleswhich are securely placed or fastened. Fire control. alternate.

inaccuracies in the firing data. Flank guard (or patrol). Same. by observation. Forage. Anlly fire against a hostile target. (See fig. distributed.-Firedelivered primarily for the purpose of correcting. That portion of the terrain or water area covered by the fire of a gun. Registration shoot.) No equivalent. Same.-Mounted troopers abreast of each other with intervals greater than those prescribed for close order. or other unit. British Same. To collect supplies for men and animals. inclusive. Same. (See also Check concentrations and Registration.-The side of a command. and does not change when the command is moving to the rear.-The act of exerting close. Fire. Follow up.-The area in the direction of the enemy which can be effectively covered by the fire of a firing unit from a given position. Firefor adjustment. without traversing or searching. field of. Fire.-Fire delivered for the purpose of neutralizing or destroying a target.-An attack directed against the flank of a hostile force. Flight. Follow.) Fire for effect.-Fire directed against a unit or objective from an area on its flank. . other than for registration. battery. Flanking fire may be enfilade or oblique. 1. Foragers. Same. or trial Same.--To regulate movement on the element in front.-The basic tactical unit of Air Corps organization. Same. Right flank is the right side. 5. direct pressure on a withdrawing force. Same. Fire on fixed line. Flank. Same. Same. flanking.-A security detachment which protects the flank of a marching force. Same. Fire.-Foodfor animals.30 BRITIS14 MI'IT5ARY TERMINOLOGY United States Fire. from the leading to the rearmost element. fixed (concentrated) (point). p.-Firedirected at a single point. Flanking attack.-Firedistributed in width for the purpose of keeping all parts of the target under effective fire. or the accomplishment of the tactical effect sought. when facing the enemy.

) Fragmentation. Gait of march. The space occupied by an element. A strong and fortified place. A permanent post.-(See General Staff. G-3. G-4.-The direction of the enemy.-The line formed by the most advanced units.-Small. The line of contact of two opposing forces.) Same or forming up (also used to refer specifically to an orhaving ganization the strength of a brigade or more). and consisting of separate instructions to one or more subordinate units prescribing the part each is to play in the operation or in the separate phases thereof. that is. in column. Front. or in any other designated disposition. Same. Foxhole.-The gait at which the base of a mounted unit is moving at the instant considered. TE~RMS AND BRITISHI EQUIVALENTS. Slit trench (that permits firing from a standing position) or weapon pit.) Gait. Same. Same.-A bomb intended primarily for use against personnel on the ground. G-l. (See Shelter trenches.-The breaking up and scattering of the fragments of a shell.U. Operation instructions. Fragmentation bomb. measured from one flank to the opposite flank. S.-A land area within a harbor defense wherein are located harbor defense elements. individual shelter or rifle pit. . exclusive of local security. occupied or covered by a unit in any formation. Same. Same.-The space. the walk. Same. 31 United States Forced march.-The arrangement of the subdivisions of a command so that all elements are placed in order in line. in any given situation. or gallop. No equivalent. bomb. (See also Letters of instruction.-Any march in which the march capacity of foot and mounted troops is increased by increasing the number of marching hours per day rather than by increasing the hourly rate of march. British Fort. Formation. G-2. or grenade. in width. in echelon. Same. Front line. Frontage. Anti-personnel bomb.-Manner of forward movement of the horse. trot.-Combat orders issued in fragmentary form. Fragmentary orders.

G-3. . S-4. Personnel.-All combat. with the supervision and execution of matters pertaining to the burial of military personnel in time of war. Guerrilla (or partisan) warfare. within the continental United States.32 BRITISH: MILITARY United States TERMINOLOGY British General counterpreparation. and the QuarterThe sections of the General Staff are as follows: Master-General's (or G-1. ried on by independent bands. tions and Training. tion is headed by an Assistant Chief of Staff. Each sec(or the "A") branch.-A body of officers detailed to the The Staff (including performance of staff duty in the War Department the General Staff (or or with divisions and higher units. In units smaller than p. a fifth section. S-3.) the division. S-2.-A temporary grouping Grouping. 4. of two or more battalions or larger units which have the same tactical mission. notes 4 to (which in wartime has become the Operations 6. VI. 97. pp.-An organization charged Same.Same. duties corresponding to those of the General Staff are assigned to officers designated as Executive.General's assisted by one or more deputy chiefs. The Staff is headed by a Chief of Staff who may be Adjutant . GravesRegistrationService. 96. and fig. which supports the entire force of which it is a part. Supply.-Supportprovided by that artillery No equivalent. General support. including the battalion (or equivalent unit). together with personnel and materiel required for its employment as a unit. S-1.-A counterpreparation Defensive fire. and No equivalent.Group. p. and with the (See sec. Groupment (Field Artillery). note Division of the War Department. War Plans lb and 2. be confused with G-3). Operathe "Q") branch). Groupment (Coast Artillery Corps). General Staff. mand containing two or more groups or separate batteries whose fields of fire cover a certain water area. not assigned to armies or smaller units. G-2. reconnaissance. Intelligence. planned to meet a general attack and involving all the weapons capable of firing on the threatened front. pars. War Department. 94-95. GHQ aviation. and is not to 8. The General the "GS" or the "G") branch. G-4. transport' aviation.-A tactical com.-Irregularwar car.

S. and commanded by an officer specially appointed). against attacks from the sea. Hatch. Hand sled. TERMS AND -BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 33 British United States Guide. craft which are not supported by a gas lighter than air.U.-An opening in the deck of a vessel. raids.-A highly organized administrative Harbour defence (the and tactical Army command established to decommand may be fend a limited portion of a coastal area primarily made up of naval. Harassing fire. Holding and reconsignment point. trucks may be sent and at which they may be held until their destination becomes known or until the proper time for them to be moved farther toward their destination.--A term generally applied to air. (See also Interdiction fire. armoured formations or units). Harass. Specifically. .) Harbor. closely. annoy the enemy.-Fire delivered to interfere with and Same.-A general term to include all sleds drawn Sledge. more Same. to keep his troops alerted unnecessarily.-A sheltered body of water of sufficient Harbour (also indicates depth to enable a ship to find shelter in it from the lying-up area for storms of the high seas. Same. High oblique. it applies to a small sled on runners.-A rail or a motor Railway siding or mocenter with considerable capacity to which cars or tor park. etc. Same. of march.-A chemical agent used to force Same.-To annoy and disturb the enemy by fire.-An individual who leads or guides a unit or Same. and to lower his efficiency and morale. Head of column. masking and thus slow up enemy operations.-An oblique photograph that includes Same. military and air forces.-Firstelement of a column in order Same. Heavier-than-air. Hold (verb). Harassing agent. frequent small attacks.-To retain physical possession. Also a wooden shutter which covers the opening. an opening into the main cargo part of a vessel.Same. vehicle over a predetermined route or into a selected area. Harbor defense. by hand. the image of the horizon.

. To deprive of mobility. Starting point (SP). Same. Initial point (IP). Indorsement.That part of the attack designed to hold the enemy in position and prevent the redistribution of his reserves.-To pass troops in relatively small numbers through gaps in the enemy's position or in his field of fire. Inner harbor area. Incendiary agent.-Panels of cloth or other easily handled material which are displayed by ground troops to indicate to friendly aircraft the position of a unit.-A term which indicates that the weapons of a unit are in position and ready to fire and that necessary systems of observation and communication have been established. Hospital station. Minute.-(See Clearing station.-To tie down. Individual equipment. Same. Actually. or equipment are identified. Same. Same or (distinguishing) marks or markings or "splashes. In position. Identifications.-Any distinctive marks or other means by which personnel. a horse length is considered 3 yards. Same.-The entire water area of a fortified harbor inside the inner entrance of all the entrance channels to the harbor. Immobilize. British No equivalent. it is about 8 feet. Same.-An agent used primarily for setting fire to mat6riel. Ground strips.-A point at which a moving column is formed by the successive arrival of the various subdivisions of the column. Initial requirements." Same. Personal clothing and equipment. Forconvenience in estimating space. Indirect laying.-Those supplies necessary to enable the individual to function as a soldier.-Those supplies required to meet the original demands incident to field operations.--Atermof measurement.34 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TIERMliNOLOGY United States Holdingattack (or secondaryattack) . Same. Infiltrate. . Horse length.) Identification panels. organizations. Same.-Laying in which the line of sighting is directed upon a fixed object other than the target.-A statement on a basic communication made by any commander or office in the channel of communication.

) Irritant smoke.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating generally within a defensive coastal area and controlling shipping within a defensive sea area.000 to 1:500. Interdict. Sanme. Intermediate-scale maps. (See also Time interval.U. This term may be applied to other units to indicate a state or condition of preparedness. No equivalent. Same (friendly interception performed by a policing set). (See also Harassingfire.-Space between individuals or elements of the same line.-A term which indicates that an artillery unit is held near one or more possible positions.000. concentration.) Intermediate objective. and supply of troops. S. Intercept station. Smnall-scale maps. Interpretation of information. and is usually essential to. No equivalent. No equivalent. Toxic smoke.-A station that intercepts enemy radio traffic for the purpose of obtaining information. prepared to move quickly into position when ordered.-That portion of the coinmmunications zone lying between the advance and base sections.-Fire delivered on certain areas or routes to prevent or hinder their use. Same. or both. Htarassing fire or destructive shoot. lacrimation.-The maintenance of coImplete tactical units. Interval. Interdictionfire. or headache followed by nausea and temporary physical disability. Same. British Same.-Maps normally of a scale from 1:125. including the movement. Intermediate section. Inshore patrol. TERMS AN:D BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 35 United States In readiness. intended for planning stragetic operations. coughing. Same. Integrity of tactical units.-An analysis of information to determine its probable significance in the existing situation. or friendly traffic for the purpose of supervision. the attainment of the final objective.-A chemical agent which causes sneezing.-The objective whose attainment precedes.-To prevent or hinder the use of an area or route by the application of chemicals or fire. .

000 intended for the technical and tactical needs of the combat arms. Operation instruction (s).-A field or system of runways suitable for the landing and take-off of airplanes. Same.-A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. Same. Leapfrog. the delivery of supplies of any kind by a supply departmen't to responsible persons authorized to receive them on behalf of their organizations.) Liaison. p. Same or vital point. To emerge or sally forth. 10. To send out officially or publicly. Lighter-than-air.-A chemical agent which causes a copious flow of tears and intense.-The connection established between units or elements by a representative-usually an officer-of one unit who visits or remains with another unit. Same.-The designated point where the several lines in a defensive position or outpost shall cross the unit sector boundaries. Large-scale maps.36 BRITISMH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Issue.-A chronological record of events affecting a unit or staff section. as orders or communiques.-A tactical locality. Lacrimator.--(See Combined operations. Letter(s) of instruction. the possession of which may be vital to the success of an engagement.-A delivery of supplies. Same. (See also Combat orders and Fragmentary orders. Key point. affording observation and communication. fig. Start(ing) line. Lachrymator.-A term generally applied to aircraft which are supported by means of a gas lighter than air. though temporary.-A formation in which the next lower subdivisions of a command are abreast of one another.) (See . Same. British War diary. Joint operations. Same. Line of departure. used to insure coordination between adjacent units.) Journal.-Maps normally of a scale not greater than 1:50. The supplies so delivered.-A means by which the plans of superior commanders are communicated and which regulate movements and operations over large areas and for considerable periods of time. 2. Landingfield. as from a defile or fortress. eye pains. Junction point.-To advance the elements of a command in the attack by passing them successively through or by the other elements. Specifically. Limiting point. Same. Line.

or where a new litter-bearer squad takes over further movement of the patient. Courses of action or courses open. The line from a position finder to a target at the instant of a recorded observation. supply. Main body. Same. Supply lines. Same. Lines of communication. Long ton. Low oblique. Defensive fire. Ton. Same. No equivalent.U.-A point where litter-bearer squads change the mode of transport.-A replacement to fill a vacancy which has been created by the loss to the organization of the original occupant.-In each tactical grouping.) Litter relay point.-A map or map substitute on which are shown the actual routes of wire circuits. the employment of the mass of the available means in a decisive direction.-That part of the attack in which the commander concentrates the greatest possible offensive power.-The network of railways. Local counterpreparation. waterways. supply. and quartering of troops. Same.-An oblique photograph that does not include the image of the horizon. (See also Communications zone.-A counterpreparation covering only that portion of the front threatened by a local attack and normally employing only the division artillery supporting the threatened front. Main attack.-The principal part of a command. A command less all detachments. .-The weight of 2.240 pounds avoirdupois. Same. Main effort. Lines of action. and roads which lead into the combat zone from administrative establishments located in the communications zone or in the zone of the interior. Lung irritant. and evacuation. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 37 United States Line of observation.-The line occupied by the observation elements of the outpost position. Transport. British Same. Reinforcement.-The possible plans open to a commander in a particular situation. Same. S.-A chemical agent which causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and lungs. such as from hand litter to wheeled litter. Line route map.-That branch of military art that comnprises everything relating to movement. Logistics. Loss replacement.

other than first echelon maintenance.). 2 Second-line repairs (i. The plural of the term applies to a series of such exercises. (Formerly called "axial road. . e. first echelon. or fire in favorable strategic or tactical locations with respect to the enemy.-That maintenance. British (Line of) forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's). mat6riel. in simulation of war and involving two opposing sides. Maintenance. note 1. Main supply road.-A line at the forward boundary of the battle position designated to coordinate the defensive fires of all units and supporting weapons. 2 Third-line repairs (i. 2 Supplies (classified as RASC.--Driver's maintenance.-That maintenance normally performed in the field by quartermaster and ordnance personnel.. maintenance carried out by army workshops). 3. e. by light aid detachments (LAD's) and divisional workshops). etc. 2See p.-That maintenance normally performed in the rear areas by quartermaster and ordnance personnel. maintenance carried out.. Maintenance.38 BRITISrI MI'LITARY T'ERMINOLOGY United States Main line of resistance.") Maintenance.. ordnance. Manifest (ship's).-The principal inbound road over which supplies are carried to troops in the forward area. R E. maintenance carried out by base workshops). fourth echelon. (See fig. e. Maneuver. daily maintenance by driver). 2 Base repairs (i. Maintenance. second echelon.-Movement so designed as to place troops. or imaginary. Maintenance requirements. third echelon.. e. generally involving large bodies of troops in the field in simulation of war. 14. covering the simple operations that can be trusted to the skill of the average driver using tools and supplies available on the vehicle. 2 Manoeuvre.-Those supplies required to replace expenditures. First-line repairs (i. though one side may be outlined. performed by the using arms and services. represented.) Main artery of supply. Same. Also a tactical exercise executed on the ground or map.-A detailed and accurate list of a vessel's entire cargo.

TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 39 Platoon Defense Area Company Defense Area (3) Main Line of Resistance (MLR) (1) (4) Battalion Defense Area (5) Battalion Defense Area (5) Regimental Reserve Line (RRL) (2) Regimental Reserve Area (6) British equivalents (1) (Line of) forward defended localities (FDL's). (6) Brigade reserve area. (5) Battalion sector. Figure 3.-U. (2) Brigade reserve position. . (4) Company sector. regiment in defense (with equivalent British terminology).U. S. (3) Platoon sector. S.

Same.) March discipline. sound. Friendly troops located between a gun and its target may constitute a mask.-March toward. No equivalent. . and wire communication. Same. March outpost. or while regular outposts are being established. of the parts represented. according to some given scale or projection.-A representation (usually on a flat surface) of the surface of the earth. used in planning and controlling marches and in preparing and checking march tables.40 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN'OLOGY United States Map. especially as relates to the position of units in the column and the position and conduct of individuals and vehicles. British Same or track discipline. either by proclamation or as a military necessity. showing the relative size and position.-A combined location and movement schedule for a march.-A subdivision of a marching column which moves and halts at the command or signal of its commander. pigeon.--(See Intermediate-scale (Large-scale) (Medium-scale) (Small-scale) maps.-An agency of signal communication capable of transmitting messages. Group. woods.-Military authority substituted for civil government in the home country or any district thereof. March on.-Any natural or artificial obstruction which interferes with view or fire.-A temporary outpost established for the protection of the command during a brief halt. Maps. Mask (obstruction). (See also Security detachment.) March table. such as messenger. Means of signal communication. Same. radio. etc.-The observance and enforcement of the rules of good marching. usually an intervening hill. intermediate scale (large scale) (medium scale) (small scale). Same or table. Covering detachment. or some part of it. movement Same. when the civil government is temporarily unable to exercise control. March graph.-A graphical presentation of a march. Martial law. March unit. Movement graph. visual.

-Maps normally of a scale from ·1:50. designed principally for carrying out reconnoitering and covering missions. photographs. S. . TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 41 British United States Mechanization.-A term which includes all instructions. Encounter or contact battle. Same or signal or despatch. par. Crest. Message center.-A reply given for Government property or replies by the person responsible for their proper care and use. etc.) B. Receipt. and those arriving by special messengers. therefore. and delivery of all messages except those transmitted directly by the writer to the addressee by telephone or personal agency. and administrative use by units ranging in size from the corps to the regiment. documents. tactical. and its further use. intended for strategical. Message. Message. those handled by the military or civil postal service. and armored vehicles self-contained as to crew and weapons.-A collision between two opposing forces each of which is more or less unprepared for battle.-(See Deferred (Priority) (Routine) (Urgent) message. Signal office. (Recently this term has been so loosely used that it has lost much of its original meaning.000 to 1:125. Medium-scale maps. (See app.000. transmitted by a means of signal communication.) Mechanized cavalry. deferred (priority) (routine) (urgent). Memorandum receipt. Mechanized unit. Same.U.-The agency of the commander at each headquarters or command post charged with the receipt. reports. Same. p.-A term originally used to denote the process of equipping a military force with armed and armored motor-propelled vehicles. Meeting engagement. is undesirable.-A unit which moves and fights in motor vehicles the bulk of which are armed. Same.-The line nearest the crest of a ridge or hill from which all or nearly all of the ground toward the enemy and within range may be seen and reached by fire.-Cavalry equipped with armored and self-propelled motor vehicles.) Military crest. 190.. 2. in plain language or code. transmission. local messages. orders. maps.

Same or task. Same. Minimum range.-Seacoastartillery weapons that may be moved to and emplaced in temporary firing position. or theater of operations.-A class of troops charged with the enforcement of all police regulations in the theater of operations and in other places occupied by troops. Minimum crest clearance. Mine layer.-The act of searching an area or position that has been passed over by friendly troops in the attack and of killing or capturing any enemy found. Same. Daily strength state.-The daily report rendered to higher headquarters for the purpose of showing the status of individuals belonging to an organization. For the Air Corps: each separate flight operation of a single airplane or of a formation.-A specially constructed seagoing craft. or deduced from a knowledge of the plans of the immediate superior. Mobile reserves. gathered from any source. together with the conclusions drawn therefrom.-A specific task or duty assigned to an individual or unit. Military Police. Corps of Military Police (CMP) (commonly known as "Red Caps").42 BRITIS-H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same. Military intelligence. Morning report. Military information. This class consists of railway. tractor-drawn.-Information. Same.-The psychological condition or mentdl state of an individual or a body of troops.-A government established by the land or naval forces in enemy territory or in domestic territory recovered from rebels treated as belligerents. Same. United States Military government. Mission. and truck-drawn artillery. . used primarily for the transportation and laying of submarine mines. information concerning a possible or actual enemy.-Evaluated and interpreted Same.-Reserve supplies held on trucks or on railroad cars for prompt movement forward. Mine planter.-The least range setting at which the projectile will clear the mask when the gun is fired from a given position. Mopping up. Mobile armament. Morale. Same. which may serve to throw light on the enemy or the theater of operations.

-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical aerial photographs. hampering or interrupting movement or action. mountains. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 43 British United States Mosaic. Zone of fire. Mutual support. Nonpersistent agent. . swamps." "uncontrolled. etc. Objective. Normal zone. Multiple-lens camera. Natural obstacles.-To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of personnel or mat6riel by the application of gun fire or chemicals. Same (but with no definite time limit)." or "strip. Neutralising fire. Barrage. such as deserts. Same. Same.' The barrage which is fired on prearranged signal from the supported unit." Motorization. Nontoxic. Same. streams.-The support involving fire or movement or both.-A locality which a command has been ordered to reach and occupy or a hostile force which a command has been ordered to overcome. For the Air Corps: that locality or thing which must be destroyed in order to accomplish an assigned mission. Normal barrage. Same or motor unit. 519636°--43----4 Same. forests.-An aerial camera in which two or more lenses are fastened in permanent relationship to each other. Neuttalise.-Any terrain features which hamper military maneuvers or operations. Same.-Fire delivered for the purpose of causing severe losses.-A standing barrage laid in immediate defense of the sector which it supports.-Not poisonous.U. destroying the combat efficiency of enemy personnel.-That portion of the zone of fire of a unit within which its fire is ordinarily delivered.-A unit equipped either organically or temporarily with sufficient motor vehicles to carry all its mat6riel and personnel at the same time. Same. and. Neutralization fire. classified as "controlled. Neutralize. rendered one another by adjacent elements.-A chemical agent whose effectiveness in the air at point of release is dissipated within 10 minutes. Motorized unit. Same. S. in general.-The process of equipping a military force exclusively with motor-propelled vehicles.

44 BRITIS'H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Objective folder. Same. A position from which friendly and enemy troops can be seen and from which fire is controlled and corrected. Orderly officer. military symbols. Order of march.-An order delivered by word of mouth.-The disposition of troops for a march. overlays. defenses. Operation map. for the observation of an area or sector. or for the purpose of securing information of the enemy and his activities.-A picture made with a camera whose optical axis is titled away from the vertical. Oblique aerial (or air) photograph. . Officer of the day. etc. Obstacle. Observation post. for the study of objectives. used in field fortifications for the purpose of delaying the hostile advance. Same. using conventional signs.-A point selected for the observation and conduct of fire. observation of artillery fire. to show location. Organizationalrequirements.-An officer having general charge of the interior guard and prisoners for a particular day. Same. British No equivalent. Requirements. Offshore patrol. photographs. A natural terrain feature or artificial work which impedes the movements of the troops. and writing or printing. maps. Oral order. Operation map. Obstacles are classified as natural or artificial. courier. No equivalent. Observation aviation. or drawings.-Any device or feature. Same. abbreviations. (or sketch) Verbal order. tactical or protective.-Those supplies necessary for the organization to function as a unit.-A part of the naval local defense forces operating in and patrolling the coastal zone outside those areas assigned to the inshore patrol. and other important data concerning the objective. Reconnaissance aircraft (used to carry out both strategical and tactical reconnaissance). or their order in the march column. and command. charts. fixed or portable. either natural or artificial. approaches.-A graphic presentation of all or parts of a field order. and liaison duty for ground units.-Units whose primary functions are reconnaissance and observation of near objectives.-A folder or envelope containing descriptive and statistical data.

-The most forward security unit posted by an outpost.-A detachment detailed to protect a resting or defending force against surprise and observation by hostile ground forces. 45 Same. Same. Rate of movement. on which various locations. No equivalent. S. Expeditionary force. (See Combat outpost. are shown.-To determine one's position on the ground with respect to a map or to the four cardinal points of the compass. Overseas expedition (or expeditionaryforce).-A step of 30 inches. etc.-A line designated to coordinate the fires of the elements of the outpost and its supporting artillery. and all points on the map in the same relative positions as the points on the ground which they represent. To identify directions on the terrain. Same. Overseas operations. Same.-(See Unit loading. Pace. as of artillery.-A joint Army and Navy undertaking for the purpose of conducting military operations on shore at the end of a voyage which is under naval control. Trace. Outguard..) Outpost area.--To pass around or turn the flank or flanks of an enemy. Orient.-Operationsconducted with a view to the establishment of a base for military operations.-A sheet of translucent paper or cloth. To place a map so that its meridian will be parallel to the imaginary meridian on the ground. Line of outposts. enemy positions. to make another conversant with. Forward standing patrol. Outpost line of resistance. Outflank. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Organizational unit loading.) Organizationfor combat. the length of the full step in quick time. British No equivalent.U. To inform or explain.-A belt of terrain lying in front of a battle position. Overlay.-The measures taken by a commander to insure that the troops of his command are so grouped that they can most efficiently carry out the mission assigned. . To extend beyond the flanks of the enemy's line. Same. Operations conducted on land after the landing of an overseas expedition. occupied by the observation or outpost elements. for laying over a map. field works. targets. Outpost.

Personnel carrier.-The science of preparing graphic maps from aerial (or air) photographs. and in the occupation and organization of the position.-A moving group or detachment sent out from a larger body on an independent or limited mission of reconnaissance or security. and parking vehicles. Same. Same.-A form of individual pack. Park. and which is utilized by a commander for control or coordination. maintaining. or both. in issuing his initial orders. Persistentagent. Party. Same.-A motor vehicle. Same. Same. British No equivalent. Same. . Patrol. sometimes armored.-An area used for the purpose of servicing. in which the load is fastened to a canvas cover on a wooden frame and carried on a man's back. the battlefield. the unit passed through may remain in position or move to the rear.-A chemical agent which will maintain an effective vapor concentration in the air at point of release for more than 10 minutes. Same. and on. in initiating the movement forward to position.-A detachment of individuals employed on any kind of duty or special service. Parachute troops.-A relief of a front-line unit in the attack in which the rear unit moves forward through the already established line. Photogrammetry.-A form of attack in which the main attack seeks to break the continuity of the enemy's front and to envelop the flanks thus created. Report line.-Troops moved by air transport and landed by means of parachutes. common in northern countries.-A line or terrain feature which troops are directed to reach by a specified time. Penetration.46 BRITISIt MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Pack board. Same. For the artillery: certain key officers and men who usually accompany the commander on the march and assist him in reconnaissance. The act of patrolling. Phase line. designed primarily for the transportation of personnel and their weapons to. Passage of lines. Leapfrogging.

. Same.-An aerial (or air) photograph upon which information commonly found on maps has been placed. 5. S. the detachment being stronger than an ordinary outguard and establishing sentinel posts of its own. (See fig.-Obstacles capable of being moved. Point.) Movable obstacles. p. standing Same. and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) (known abroad as Expeditionary Force Institutes (EFI)). 1. Picket. (Point section of the) van guard. Position of readiness. Position.-Allmilitary aerial (or air) photography accomplished for other than mapping purposes. Post exchange (PX). 47 Same. Army. Portable obstacles. or follows the rear party of a rear guard.-A general store located at a military post or camp for the sale of necessities and luxuries. Same. No equivalent. Pin point. A course of action or method of procedure decided upon and adopted by a commander. TERMS ANWD BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Photographicmapping. British Same. specifically for any military operation. Same. Piquet or patrol.-A position assumed as a temporary expedient in a situation so clouded with uncertainty that positive action is considered unwarranted.-An army organization established for the purpose of administering and controlling the embarkation or disembarkation of troops and supplies at a transfer point. on its face. a scale and a directional arrow. Plain text (or clear text or plain language).-Aerial (or air) photographs accomplished for the purpose of constructing a map or map substitute.-A scheme or design.-(See Assembly area.) Position in readiness. as the basis for his orders to his command. assembly.-A detachment of an outpost sent out to perform the duties of an outguard at a critical point.-The text of a message which. Photomap. including. Port of Embarkation. Photographic reconnaissance. Plan. Canteen or Navy.-A vertical aerial (or air) photograph in which the object of interest is centered. conveys an intelligible meaning in a spoken language. at least.-The patrol or reconnaissance element which precedes the advance party of an advance guard.U.

-Obstacleswhose chief purpose is to prevent a sudden incursion of attacking forces. Same. Quarantine.-Anoffensive operation against a defeated enemy for the purpose of accomplishing his annihilation. Same.-The firing position from which a unit or a weapon executes its primary fire mission. Provisional map. Protective obstacles. drill.-(See Artillery preparation. Same. in order of time. Precede. or other transport. Priorities.-Personscaptured and held in captivity or interned by a belligerent power. Priority message.-Thattype of aviation whose primary function is air fighting. Preparation. Pursuit. Important message.-To regulate movement on the element in rear. Defensive obstacles No equivalent. the movements of rail.-The segregation of individuals or contact groups. under quarantine. water. It may contain form lines or contours. road. Pursuit aviation.-Supporting fire for which the data are prepared in advance and which is delivered according to a time schedule or on call from the supported troops. Same. or instruction) is not interrupted. Primary firing position. classified as interceptor and fighter. Super-heavy coast defence guns (approximately). in such a manner that the performance of certain duties (such as fatigue. Fighter aircraft.) Primary armament (Coast Artillery Corps).-A message of less urgency than those entitled to urgent classification but which warrants precedence over routine messages in order to reach the addressee in time for effective action.48 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIN0OLOGY United States Prearrangedfire (or schedule fire). the precedence of shipment. . Same. No equivalent. working. British Predicted fire.artillery.-Definite rulings which establish. or the performance of several tasks.-A map produced by compiling existing map detail or by tracing data from aerial photographs. Prisonersof war.-Seacoast artillery weapons of 12-inch or greater caliber.

directed against an enemy.-Radio communication by means of the International Morse Code.-The average speed over a period of time including short periodic halts. Rallying point. Rear. Same or speed. A billeting party.) Same.-The operation of searching for information in the field. S. to maintain contact with the enemy. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 49 British United States Quartering party.-That part of a force which comes last or is stationed behind the rest. Same. Ration.-The prescribed allowance of the different articles of food for the subsistence of one person or one animal for 1 day. 1st Division.-The detachment from the support of a rear guard which follows and protects it on the march. Harbouring party. Rear guard. Ration cycle.-A security detachment which follows the main body and protects it on the march. The direction away from the enemy. Radiotelephony (or radio (voice)). Raid. Reconnaissance.-The period of time within which the three meals of a ration are consumed. No equivalent.-Issue of class I supplies to regimental (or similar unit) transportation at the railhead. 1st and 2d Divisions.-A point. Railhead (truckhead) (navigation head). Same. R a dio-telephony (R/T).-(See Effective (Extreme) (Minimum) range. usually by small forces.-A detail sent out to reconnoiter for billets or quarters. Same. Rear party. Same.-A supply point where loads are transferred from the particular type of transportation being employed. Same or rear patrol (See fig.--Radio communication by means of the voice. or to observe terrain. Wireless-telegraphy (W/T). No equivalent.) Rate of march. Reconnaissance patrol. Same. Radiotelegraphy (or radio (key)). designated by a unit commander. Same or mission (ot area search) sortie. . An offensive movement. Same. 5." "Ammunition Railhead. where he assembles his unit for further operations after the attack of an objective. 1.-A patrol whose primary mission is to obtain information. p.U." Railhead distribution. effective (extreme) (minimum).-A sudden and rapid incursion with a limited objective. Range. such as "Class I Railhead.

) Requirements.-An individual who is restored or Same.-An individual available for assign.-Troops used to augment -the Same.Line overlap (vertical tical photographs made from an airplane flying and oblique). Repatriate. 39. force embracing all supplies necessary for its equipment. 3.Brigade reserve posiordinate the locations and actions of the regition. Replacement. Regimental reserve line. Replacement. lishment at which the trains of the supply services of divisions or larger units drew supplies. p.) Regimental reserve area.-An area in which the regi.Reinforcement.Brigade reserve area.-A traffic control agency estab. filler (loss).-Formerly.-An easily recognizable point Same. Reinforcements. 3. and operation for a given period. Regulating station. organizational. especially for combat purposes.-A line designated to co.) Registration. a supply point or estab. Regulating point. (See Supply point. Refilling point. maintenance.50 BRITISH MILITARY TE. lished on lines of communication and through which movements are directed and controlled by the commander of the theater of operations.-A series of overlapping ver. lating station. where an incoming motor transport column is separated into detachments for entrucking or detrucking purposes. returned to his own country or citizenship. ment. and reserve. p.-The officer in charge of a regu.) along and behind the regimental reserve line. I Mosaics (verticalonly).Sector control. strength of another body of troops. mental reserves in the battle position.Same.-The computed needs for a military Same. 39. maintenance. (See fig. mental reserve is usually disposed for defense (See fig. initial.RMINOLOGY United States British Reconnaissance strip. (See also Check concentrations and Fire for adjustment. to determine data for use in preparation of fire. a selected course.) Regulating officer.-An adjustment on a selected point Same or trial shoot.Same.-(See Filler (Loss) replacement. . They are classified as individual.

-Prescribedquantities of supplies carried as a reserve by a unit. and who is responsible for their proper care and use in military service. Reserve supplies.-Supplies accumulated by the army. detached corps.-Those carried on the soldier. Same.-Those supplies necessary to meet emergency situations incident to campaign. Unit reserves. usually on a form furnished for the purpose. or vehicle for his or its individual use in an emergency. to attract the enemy in a desired direction.-(See Beach reserves. same (b). individual (initial) (maintenance) (organizational) (reserve). Also used to signify the purchase by demand of supplies in occupied territory.-a. is generally made for the purpose of regaining initiative and freedom of action by a complete disengagement. b. Withdrawal. Reserve (tactical). also designated as "reserve supplies. animal. Same. Same. Individual reserves. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 51 United States Requirements. Reserves. or detached division in the vicinity of the battlefield in addition to individual and unit reserves.) Reserves (supply). Battle reserves.) Responsible officer. or to gain time for the reorganization of the forces preparatory to renewed efforts against the enemy. beach. either for his personal use or for the use of an organization.U.-(See Individual (Initial) (Maintenance) (Organizational) (Reserve) requirements. (See also Credit. while contact with the enemy is not an essential condition.) Requisition." Battle reserves are supplies.-An officer to whom military supplies are issued.-A retrograde movement of the main forces which. . Reserve requirements. A request for supplies. British Indent (a).-Supplies accumulated in excess of immediate needs for the purpose of insuring continuity of an adequate supply. A movement made to forestall a decisive engagement.-A fraction of a command held initially under the control of the commander to influence future action. Retirement. S.

--(See General Staff. advancing according to a time schedule and closely followed by assaulting infantry elements. Withdrawal.-The collection of abandoned. upon the conclusion of which it rejoins its battery.-A slope which descends away from the enemy and forms the masked or sheltered side of a covering ridge. Same.-A portion of a battle line or fortification which extends sharply to the front of the general line. Road space. S-1. Routine message. . Same.-The bank which is on the right (left) of the observer when facing downstream. Same. Road block.52 BRIT"ISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Same or withdrawal.) Salient. Same. Runner. Same. Same. Salvage. Moving barrage. Roving gun (Field Artillery). S-4. Same. To recover or save. Same. Right (left) bank of stream. The act of retreating. or unserviceable property with a view to its utilization or repair. The rear slope of a position on elevated terrain. Same. Same.-A movement to the rear. Routes of communication. captured. navigable waters.-The distance from head to tail of a column when it is in a prescribed formation on a road. Road crater.-A hole blown in the road at points which cannot be easily detoured. Reverse slope. the presence of rail facilities. S-s. Retrograde movement.-A foot messenger.-A message requiring no special precedence.-An involuntary retrograde movement forced on a command as a result of an unsuccessful operation or combat.-A barrier to block or limit the movement of hostile vehicles along a road. Rolling barrage.-Artillery fire on successive lines. Same.-The routes available for tactical maneuver or supply. Same.-An artillery piece withdrawn from its regular position and posted in a temporary position for the execution of a specific mission. Property so collected. and airplane landing facilities. United States Retreat. S-3.

Secure. Screening smoke. Arc of fire.) Same. (The secret text of a message constitutes a cryptogram. 2. Screen.-A chemical agent used to blind hostile observation Seacoast artillery (Coast Artillery Corps).Seacoast artillery weapons of less than 12-inch caliber.) Same. To reconnoiter a region or country to obtain information of the enemy or to accomplish any other military purpose. It includes both fixed and mobile armament.-The use or application of sanitary measures. A man who gathers information in the field.U. Heavy coast defence guns (approximately). designated by boundaries. fig. Secondary attack. assigned to a unit or weapon to cover by fire. S. (See Same (but without a cover). Scout.-A man specially trained in shooting. Secondary armament (Coast Artillery Corps). Coast defence artillery. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Sanitation.-The commander's plan for employing subordinate units to accomplish a mission.-(See Seize. Message in cipher or code. Same.-The text of a message which.) Sector. Same.-A section of terrain.-An armed and armored motor vehicle used primarily for reconnaissance. Schedule fires. The body of troops used to screen a command. .) Secret text (or secret language). 10.-One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.-All artillery weapons used primarily for fire upon hostile naval vessels. To act as a scout.-(See Holding attack.) Sector of fire. on its face.-To prevent hostile ground reconnaissance or observation. 53 British Plan of attack. conveys no intelligible meaning in any spoken language. and in reporting the results of observation.) Scheme of maneuver. p. in using ground and cover. in observing. (See Defense area. Scout car. A defense area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. Same.--(See Prearranged fires.

Shelter. construction. Service train.-Any unit disposed to protect another unit against surprise or interference by (See also March outpost. Same. equivalent to U. the remaining men resting nearby and furnishing the relief for the sentinels.) the enemy. preferably with the same march characteristics. with or without force. or surprise attack by the enemy. No equivalent. Judging. screen or cover from notice. maintenance. The safeguarding of military documents and mat6riel. "Restricted").-One or more march units. transportation. Supply units .the train of any unit serving the division as a whole rather than any particular unit. or protection against the elements or the fire of weapons.-Formerly. annoyance.-Those organizations provided for by Tables of Organization within larger units whose functions are to provide for the supply. No equivalent. heavy shellproof. communication. and police of the larger unit as a whole. . S. Covering detachment. by 3-inch shells. Sentry squad.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by at least 8inch shells.-All measures taken by a command to protect itself from observation.-Any form of concealment from view. An outguard of one squad. The protection resulting from such measures. Same or cover. evacuation. Sensing. (See Train. A screen. That which covers or defends.-A squad posted for security and information with a single or double sentinel in observation. Shelter. Security detachment. To afford or provide shelter. placed under one commander for march purposes. Supply units.-A shelter which protects against direct hits.) Service units (or elements). To Protection. Same. over or short of the target.-The process of the observer in determining from observation of the burst of a projectile whether the point of strike is right or left. and in some cases against a continued bombardment. Seize (or secure). Shelter. Serial. Sentry post.54 BRITISH MI'LITARY TfERMINOLIOGY United States Security. British Same (also a classification of protected papers."The Services" (provided for by War Establishments). and to obtain for itself the necessary freedom of action. light.-To gain physical possession of.

TErRMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 55 United States Shelter. the weather. ciphers. They include such items as the positions. S.-A camera in which only one lens assembly is mounted at one time. followed by a decision.) British No equivalent. terrain.) (Short) ton.-All the conditions and circumstances. Signal communication. etc.000 pounds avoirdupois. and grenades. Signal security. Same (for formations below the division. Signal communication security. Same. etc.-Intercepted information of the enemy obtained by radio or other electrical means. Situation.. followed by an intention. taken as a whole. and the possible lines of action.-The weight of 2. Slit trenches. but not against direct hits by 3-inch shells. Single-lens camera. Signal operation instructions. strength. constitutes the estimate of the situation. ..-Hasty trenches constructed to provide shelter from fire and to permit riflemen to fire in the prone position. Same.-A shelter which protects against continuous bombardment by all shells up to and including the 6-inch. Same (a consideration of these conditions. which affect a command at any given time. light shellproof. (See Foxhole. (A consideration of these conditions. against splinters of high-explosive shell.-(See Signal security. armament. and the mission to be accomplished.-The security of friendly signal coinmunication message traffic against the availability and intelligibility of that traffic to enemy or other intelligence agencies. or by the solution of codes. Same. and the possible courses of action.U. and on which its plans must be based. splinter-proof. except mail or direct personal agency. by detection of secret inks.-A type of combat orders issued for the technical control and coordination of signal agencies throughout the comnmand.-A shelter which protects against rifle and machine-gun fire. Shelter trenches.-All methods and means employed to transmit messages from one friendly unit to another. and messages. Same. Shelter. considerations of time and space. Same. constitutes the appreciation of the situation). of the opposing forces and any supporting troops. Short ton. but contained ii) the formation operation order).) Signal intelligence.

Speed.-Troops.-Soldiers. No. and supply services. Same.000.-A map showing the tactical or administrative situation at a particular time. Same. deployed in line and in extended order in drill or attack. equivalent.) Staging area.-Maps of a scale varying from 1:1. technical. dismounted. . and supply functions.-A soldier. A special staff officer may also exercise command in his own branch.56 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Situation map. Same. Sledges. In divisions and higher units the general and special staffs are separate. detailed to fire at and pick off individuals of the enemy. Same. subordinate to the general staff of a unit. Squadron (Air Corps). intended for the general planning and strategical studies of the commanders of large units. Special staff. Small-scale maps. and certain technical specialists. technical. as such. All responsibility rests with the commander. No equivalent.000. Same. British Situation map.-The authority exercised by a staff officer. Skirmishers.000.-A staff group. Same.-Curtain of smoke employed for masking either friendly or hostile activities or installations. (A staff officer. Sniper. It includes the heads of the administrative. equipped with and trained to maneuver on skis. administrative. usually for use as a graphic aid in carrying on the work of a staff section or as an annex to staff reports. Rest camp.000 to 1:7. has no authority to command. Same. but in lower units they partly merge into each other. usually an expert shot. whose duty it is to assist the commander in the exercise of his tactical. Usually applied to cargo vehicles on runners drawn by animals or tractors.-The basic administrative and tactical unit of the Air Corps.-An area where troops are concentrated in convenient proximity to a port or ports of embarkation. consisting of two or more flights. usually Infantry. (or battle) No equivalent. Staff authority. Ski troops.-The rapidity of movement at any particular instant expressed in miles per hour. in whose name all orders are given. Smoke screen.-Same as sleds.

or an exposed sector of the front. or streams. railroads. British Standing orders. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS 57 United States Standing barrage. Same. along or in rear of which the military police patrol in order to apprehend stragglers moving to the rear. Stereoscopy. (See Defense area.U.-A line. . Stragglers' posts. No equivalent. Standard operating procedure. the defensive area of an infantry company. Strong point. Stereoscope. Supplementary firing position.-Three vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken so that the entire area of the center picture is overlapped by the other two. one of the subdivisions of a sector.-Routine procedure prescribed to be carried out in the absence of orders to the contrary. without authority from his organization.-A mosaic compiled by assembling one strip of vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken on a single flight. Same.-Formerly.-A firing position assigned to a unit or weapon to accomplish secondary fire missions. in order to prevent passage of enemy troops. Straggler. Stereo-pair. Same. Same. who has become separated. Same. usually designated by means of well-defined terrain features such as roads. Same.-Astationary artillery or machinegun barrage laid for defensive purposes in front of an occupied line or position. Same. Stereo-triplet.--The ability to obtain an effect of relief by simultaneously viewing with a stereoscope two photographs of an object made from different points of view.) Subsector.--Two vertical aerial (or air) photographs taken preferably with an overlap of not less than 60 percent nor more than 75 percent. usually placed across a probable avenue of enemy approach. Fire on a line. Same. S. Stragglerline.--Usually. Strip mosaic.-A soldier. No equivalent.-An instrument used to obtain stereoscopy while viewing photographs. other than those to be accomplished from primary or alternate positions.

58

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Supplies.-A general term covering all things necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, forage, and materials and machinery of all kinds. Supply point.-A general term used to include depots, railheads, dumps, and distributing points. Support (noun).-The second echelon (reserve) of a rifle company (troop) or platoon in attack or defense. Supporting distance.-Generally, that distance between two units which can be traveled in the time available in order for one to come to the aid of the other. For small infantry units: that distance between two elements which can be effectively covered by their fire. delivered by auxiliary weapons Supportingfire.-Fire for the immediate assistance of a unit during an offensive or defensive action. Supporting unit.-A unit acting with, but not under the direct orders of, another unit to which it does not organically belong. Support of the advance guard.-Thatpart of the advance guard which marches in front of the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support of the outpost.-The principal echelon of resistance of an outpost. Support of the rear guard.-That part of the rear guard which marches behind the reserve and protects it by observation and combat. Support trench.-A fire trench constructed a short distance in rear of the front-line trenches to shelter the supports. Switch position.-A defensive position oblique to, and connecting, successive defensive positions paralleling the front. Tables of Basic Allowances (T/BA).-Tables revised and published to show for each typical administrative unit of the field forces its current authorization of amounts and kinds of basic equipment and supplies, including allotments of armament and ammunition.

British
Same (also used technically to indicate supplies, other than petrol, oil, and lubricants, ammunition, and warlike stores). Supply installation. Reserve.

No equivalent.

Same.

Unit in support.

(Rear section of the) (See van guard. fig. 1, p. 5.) No equivalent. No equivalent.

Second-line trench.

Same.

G 1098.

U. S. 'TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Tables of Organization (T/O) .--Tables published and revised as necessary to show the authorized details of the organization of each typical administrative unit of the field forces. Tactical groupings.-The balanced grouping of combat units and means within a command to accomplish a tactical mission. It may be accomplished by Tables of Organization, or by standard operating procedure within a command, or it may be improvised for a particular operation. Tactical obstacles.-Obstacles whose chief purpose is to hold the attacking forces under the effective fire of the defense. Tail of column.-Last element of a column in order of marcl x Tank traps.~-Concealed ditches placed in roads, level stretches of ground, or other similar practicable routes of approach, and so designed that vehicles will fall into them and not be able to escape. Target.-The specific thing at which fire is to be directed. Task force.-A temporary tactical unit, composed of elements of one or more arms and services, formed for the execution of a specific mission. Telegram, daily.-(See Daily telegram.) Telegraph printer (or teletype).-A machine with a typewriter keyboard or tape transmitter which automatically transmits messages to, or receives them from, an identical machine. Terrain comnpartment.-(See Compartmentof terrain.) Theater of operations.-The area.of the theater of war in which operations are or may be conducted. It is divided normally into a combat zone and a communications zone. Theater of war.-The entire area of land, sea, and air which is or may become directly involved in the operations of war. Time distance.-The distance to a point measured in time. It is found by dividing the ground distance to the point by the rate of march.
519636 °-43--5

59

British War Establishments.

Same.

Same.

Same. Same.

Same. Special force.

Teleprinter.

Theatre of operations.

Theatre of war.

Time and distance.

60

BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

United States
Time interval.-Theinterval of time between march units, or serials. measured from the tail of the one in front to the head of the one in rear. Time length.-The time required for a column to pass a given point. Time of attack (or "H" hour).-The hour at which the attack is to be launched. The hour designated for the forward movement from the line of departure to begin. Ton.-(See Long ((Short)) ton.) Topographic troops.-Troops whose primary function is the production or reproduction of maps or map substitutes. Toxic.-Poisonous. Train.-That portion of a unit's transportation, including personnel, operating under the immediate orders of the unit commander primarily for supply, evacuation, and maintenance. It is designated by the name of the unit, such as "1st Infantry Train." Transfer point.-The' point at which control over railway trains, motor convoys, or reinforcements passes from one commander to another. Troop leading.-The art of leading troops in maneuver and battle. Troop movement by air.-A movement in which troops are moved by means of air transport. Troop movement by marching.-A movement in which foot troops move as such and other units move by their organic transport. Troop movement by motor.-A movement in which the foot troops and all other elements move simultaneously by motor vehicles. Troop movement by shuttling.-A movement by motor in which all or a portion of the trucks make successive trips in moving both cargoes and troops. Truckhead.-(See Railhead.) Turning movement.-An enveloping maneuver which passes around the enemy's main force, and strikes at some vital point deep in the hostile rear. Uncontrolled mosaic.-An assembly of two or more overlapping vertical photographs accomplished by the matching of photographic detail only, without the benefit of a framework of control points.

British
Time allowance.

Time past a point. Zero hour.

Same.

Same. Unit transport, echelon.

"B"

No equivalent.

Same. Same. Movement route. by march

Embussed movement.

Same.

Same.

Same.

U. S. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS

61

United States
Unit.-A military force having a prescribed organization.

British
Unit or formation (a unit being an organization of a single arm o.r service operating both tactically and adminisunder a tratively single commander and a formation being a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more). Same.

Unit distribution.-The delivery of class I supplies to the regimental (or similar unit) kitchen areas by the quartermaster. Unit load.-A term used to indicate method of loading vehicles, supplies required for a particular unit being loaded as required on one or more vehicles. Unit loading.-Method of loading which gives primary consideration to the availability of the troops for combat purposes on landing, rather than utilization of ship space. Combat unit loading.--Method of loading in which certain units are completely loaded on one ship with at least their essential combat equipment and supplies immediately available for debarkation with the troops, together with the animals and motors for the organization when this is practicable. Convoy unit loading.-Method of loading in which the troops with their equipment and supplies are loaded on transports of the same convoy, but not necessarily on the same transport. Organizationalunit loading.-Method of loading in which organizations, with their equipment and supplies, are loaded on the same transport, but not so load'ed as to allow debarkation of troops and their equipment simultaneously.

No equivalents.

Unit replacement. 1Warning order. Same. Same.-The quantity in rounds or tons of ammunition. burns. Vertical interval. heliograph. or oral.War Office intelligence. "WT'alkie talkie. British Replacement semblies."-Colloquial.62 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLIOGY United States Unit mile of gasoline. dictated. of as- Immediate (or most immediate) riessage. A voice radio set which may be carried and operated for both receiving and sending by one man. Same. I~Tar Department intelligence. and pyrotechnics which a designated organization or weapon may be expected to expend on the average in 1 day of combat. Priority call. (This classification of calls should be used cautiously. bombs.-An aerial photograph made with a camera whose optical axis is at or near the vertical. etc. especially for a movement. serviceable unit assembly. grenades.-The amount of gasoline in gallons required to move every vehicle of the unit 1 mile.-Signals conveyed through the eye. Urgent call.) Vesicant. causing inflam'mation.) Urgent message.-The military intelligence produced under the direction of the War Department General Staff in peace and in war. lamps.-The system of repair by which an unserviceable unit assembly is replaced by a like. Same. pyrotechnics. which is to follow.-A message requiring the greatest speed in handling. Visual signals.-An order issued as a preliminary to another order. and may be written. it may be a message or a field order. . Vertical aerial (or air) photograph.-A chemical agent which is readily absorbed or dissolved in both the exterior and interior parts of the human body. panels. they include signals transmitted by flags. .-A telephone call believed by the calling party to be more important than any call which might be in progress. and destruction of tissue.-(See Contour interval. The purpose is to give advance information so that commanders may make necessary arrangements to facilitate the execution of the subsequent field order. Same. Unit of fire.

Same. or small columns into which an attack unit is deployed in depth.. 63 Same.U. Wide-angle photograph. e. or more conductors.).-A form of defense which includes several successive battle positions more or less completely organized. S. skirmishers.-An aerial (or air) photograph taken with a camera which has a cone angle ° of approximately 90 . or constructed in rear of the site and brought up and placed in position. Defence in depth. No equivalent. Same. battalion.-The area of the national territory not included in theaters of operations. Wire line.-One or more wire circuits. Zone of fire. British Same. Same.-The originator of a message. etc.-The area within which a unit is to be prepared to deliver fire. TERMS AND BRITISH EQUIVALENTS United States Wave.-An obstacle of barbed wire. Cable route. Wire entanglement.-A zone designated by boundaries in an advance or a retrograde movement within which the unit operates and for which it is responsible.-One of a series of lines of foragers. electrical circuit consisting of one -An Wire circuit. Writer. Front (i. Line route. company. Zone defense or defense in depths. Withdrawal from action. Same.-The operation of breaking off combat with a hostile force. erected in place on pickets. . Zone of the interior. mechanized vehicles. Zone of action.

window-winders. g. EQUIVALENTS The following glossary is an incomplete but typical list of terms generally employed in British military publications. together with U. door handle.Section Ill. S. BRITISH MILITARY TERMS WITH U. etc.. with definitions. if these are lacking.) Alternative position Alternative site Ammunition point (AP) Ammunition sub-depot (ASD) Angle of arrival 64 . equivalents or. British Absorption trench Actinic list Action from pack Adjutant Administration order Admiralty Advanced ammunition depot (AAD) Advanced dressing station (ADS) Advanced (or forward) HQ Advanced ordnance depot (AOD) United States Soakage trench Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Unpacking gun and putting it iin position Executive officer Administrative order The Navy Department Advance ammunition depot Collecting station Command post Advance ordnance depot and advance signal depot and advance engineer depot Advance message center Antenna Airdrome Aeronautical charts Airplane Leading fire Life belt Enlisted men Air area Head (or fire) space Alinement Hardware Alternate firing position Alternate emplacement Ammunition distributing point Ammunition supply point Angle of impact Advanced signal centre Aerial Aerodrome Aeronautical maps Aeroplane Aiming off Air-jacket Airmen (RAF) Air reconnaissance area Air spacing Alignment All-metal fittings (to a vehicle) (e. S.

S. local Backsight Back spindle (bicycle) . British Angle of descent Anti-personnel bomb Appendices and traces or annexures Appreciation of the situation Apron Apron fence Arc of fire Area of standard military railway (in a theatre of operations) Area search sortie Armament artificer Armament.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. machine guns. and bicycles of a command Place where arms are kept. engineer and signal scales (AE & S Scales) Armlet Armoured command vehicle (ACV) Armoured fighting vehicle Armoured troops Armourer EQUIVALENTS 65 United States Angle of fall Fragmentation bomb Annexes Estimate of the situation Barricade Fence with wire entanglement Sector of fire Division of a railroad Reconnaissance patrol Armament machinist Accessories list and standard nomenclature list (SNL) Arm band. general Attack. an arsenal (not applied to a smnall workshop where arms are repaired) Wedge formation Accompanying artillery Unit assemblies Assembly area Evaluation of information Corps Medical Inspector Division (or Port) Surgeon Division Ordnance Officer and Division Signal Officer and Division Engineer Officer and Division Quartermaster General assault Local assault Rear sight Rear axle Armoury (sometinmes applied to a small workshop where arms are repaired) Arrowhead Artillery "in support of" or attached artillery ("under command") Assemblies Assembly position Assessment of value of intelligence report Assistant-Director of Hygiene (ADH) Assistant-Director of Medical Services (ADMS) Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services (ADOS) Attack. brassard Command car Mechanized vehicle Armored force An enlisted man who has charge of the repair and upkeep of small arms.

to Brigade transport ("B" echelon) Bubble spirit glass Buffer or fender Buffer cylinder Bulk stock (items held by the crate. Cancelling and changing (classification) (classified documents) Operating handle (breech mechanism) To fit breech to barrel Regimental train Vial Bumper Recoil cylinder Packaged items By grades Insulated wire Reel unit Wire line Crown . case. Batman (enlisted man who looks after officers' equipment and performs other personal services) Battle (or situation) map Baulk "B" echelon transport Belts (of machine-gun fire) Berm or elbow rest Big-end bearing Bivouac area Block programme Blockman Bomb carrier Bonnet (of motorcar) Booking office Bottom gear or first speed Box tape Brakes'man shunter (in yards) or block-man (in signal boxes) Brake van Break-down gang Break-down lorry Breaking and degrading (protected papers) Breech mechanism lever Breech up.66 BRITISH MI'LITARY TERMINOLOGY British Balancing gear Base area Base ordnance depot (BOD) United States Equilibrator or counterpoise Base section Base' ordnance depot and base signal depot and base engineer depot and base general depot "Striker" or orderly. or carton) By ranks Cable Cable-laying apparatus Cable route Camber (of road) Situation map Timber Train Bands Berm Connecting-rod bearing Bivouac Average program (Train) dispatcher Bomb rack Hood Ticket office Low gear Measuring tape Switchman Caboose Working crew Wrecker.

and air forces Origin of lands and grooves Approach trench Piston ring Same or assembly Interdiction fire (complete) Connecting group (or file) Central repair depot (CRD) Centre Chain wheel (bicycle) Change-speed lever or gear-lever Charger-loaded Charger-loading rifle Chemical Warfare. duty status Operations carried out by land. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Car post (CP) Casualty clearing station (CCS) Central ammunition depot (CAD) Central ordnance depot (COD) S. EQUIVALENTS 67 United States Dispensary Post exchange (PX) Ambulance loading post Clearing station Ordance field service ammunition depot Ordnance field service depot and signal field service depot and engineer field service depot and general field service depot Ordnance base shop and signal base shop and engineer base shop and general base shop Center Sprocket Gearshift Clip-loaded Clip-loading rifle Chemical Warfare Service Cryptographic officer Cryptographic documents Leveling plate Clockface method for locating targets Clutch throwout Defensive coastal area Seacoast artillery Coastal frontier defense Coastwise sea lane Call sign Wire-wound gun Collecting point Line officer. Royal Engineers Cipher officer Ciphers or signals Clinometer plane Clock-ray method Clutch withdrawal Coast defence area Coast defence artillery Coast defence force Coast route Code sign Coiled gun Collecting post (for prisoners of war only) Combatant officer on duty Combined operations Commencement of rifling (C of R) Communication trench Compression ring Concentration Concentration fire Connecting file . British Camp reception station Canteen or Navy.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. sea.

68 BRITISH MILITARY TERMIOIJOGY British United States Meeting engagement Communicable disease Canister Requisition Requisition number or shipping ticket number Chief of Ordnance and Chief of Engineers and Chief Signal Officer and Quartermaster General Net control station Bill of lading Kitchen police Anti-freeze Lines of action Security detachment or march outpost Protective fire Boxcar Cradle lock Military crest Wire pike Ring and piston Speed Crouching trench Chemical cylinder Daily telegram Daily train Day of supply Danger space Dead space (i. masked or defiladed) .strength state Daily supply train Daily wastage rate Danger area Dead ground Debussing point Defence in depth Defended locality Defended post Defensive fire Defensive obstacles Defensive position (or system) .) Crest Crookstick Crown and pinion Cruising speed ("miles per hour") Crul trench Cylinder Daily ration. . (See Moving barrage.Detrucking point Zone defense or defense in depth Defensive zone or defense area Defensive position Counterpreparation or emergency br general counterpreparation Protective obstacles Battle position Contact battle Contagious disease Container (gas mask) Contract demands Control number Controller of Ordnance Services (COS) Controlling station (radio) Convoy note Cookhouse fatigue Coolant (anti-freeze) Courses of action or courses open Covering detachment Covering fire Covered wagon (rail) Cradle clamp Creeping barrage.e..

) Demand Requisition Deployment Development or deployment Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene Division Medical Inspector (DADH) Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) Army Medical Inspector Deputy Director of Medical Services Corps Surgeon (DMS) Deputy Director of Ordnance Services Corps Ordnance Officer and Corps (DDOS) Signal Officer and Corps Engineer Officer and Corps Quartermaster Despatch Dispatch or message Despatch rider (DR) Messenger Destructor Incinerator Detail stock (items held in bins or racks) Bin supplies Same or cap Detonator Director-General of Army Medical Surgeon General Services (DGAMS) Director of Clothing and Stores (DCS) Quartermaster General Army Surgeon Director of Medical Services (DMS) Director of Medical Services of an ex. Petrol point.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. Distributing point Supply point. EQUIVALENTS 69 British Deliberate counter-attack United States Counterattack launched after consolidation of positions Delivery point. (See Ammunition point. 7 and 9) Disc Disk Disembarkation Debarkation Dispensary (hospital) Pharmacy Dispersal point Release point Parallax dial Displacement dial Steering connecting rod Drag link Thumbtack Drawing-pin Rotating band Driving band (projectile) Drum barrow Reel cart Orderly room Duty room Elbow rest or berm Berm Electric torch Flashlight Battery fluid Electrolyte .Chief Surgeon peditionary force Director of Movements Chief of Transportation Aiming circle Director (such as No. 6. S.

destructive Fire on fixed line Fire on opportunity (or gun fire (GF)) targets Fire on the move First-line reinforcement Fixed line Flame guard Flying training Footboard Forage (or field-service) cap Foreign Office Foresight Fork joint Formal parade Formation (organization) Forming up Fortress command Forward area Forward (foremost) defended localities (FDL's).70 BRITISIH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY United States Port commander Troop movement by motor Entrucking point Blast of whistle Meeting engagement Encircling force Searching battery Same or continuing attack Eyeshield Bumper Pursuit aviation Air Defense Command Combat echelon Filter screen Firing post Conduct of fire Destruction fire Fixed fire Fire on targets of opportunity Assault fire Filler replacement Final protective line Flash hider Flight training Running board Field (or overseas or garrison) cap The State Department Front sight Clevis Parade or review Unit Assembly or formation Coast artillery district Combat zone Main line of resistance Forward observer Outguard Tables of Basic Allowances (TBA) Gage Transmission British Embarkation commandant Embussed movement Embussing point Emergency signal Encounter (or contact) battle Enveloping force Examination battery Exploitation Eyeguard Fender or buffer Fighter aircraft Fighter Command Fighting group Filter gauze Fire bay (in trench) Fire control Fire. (line of) Forward observing officer Forward standing patrol G 1098 Gauge Gear-box Gear-lever or change-speed lever or selector Gearshift .

Quartering party Hatchwayman Hatch tender Haversack (gas mask) Gas mask carrier Head cover Overhead cover Helve Handle High-tension battery "A" battery Home Office Department of the Interior Hull-down position Same or position defilade Hutment Cantonment Ignition control Spark control Immediate counter-attack Counterattack launched before consolidation of positions Immediate (or most immediate) message Urgent message Important message Priority message Indent Requisition Inlet manifold Intake manifold "In support" Direct support Inspection note (I Note) Inspection report Inspecting Ordnance Officer (00) Division Ammunition Officer Intention (orders) Decision Interim period Dead (or down) time Intermediate position Delaying position Interval Headway Joint ring or washer Gasket Junction point Limiting point Keep Strong point Kerb Curb . EQUIVALENTS 71 United States Evacuation hospital Commanding general Grade Sill Identification panels Same or groupment (Coast Artillery (Corps)) or combat team Group (of vehicles moving as a unit) March unit Grouping Groupment (Field Artillery) Gun park (Gun) park Gun position officer Executive or battery executive Gun rod Ramrod Harassing fire Same or interdiction fire Harbour Same or bivouac for armored formations or units Harbouring party .BRITiSH TERMS WITH U. British General hospital General officer commanding Gradient (of road) Ground sill Ground strips Group S.

with allaround defense Passage of lines Railroad crossing Column Angle of site Line hardware Communications zone Outpost area Reconnaissance strip using vertical and oblique photographs Wire circuit Telephone Warehouseman Changes to standard nomenclature list Cargo truck Local procurement Locator and bin cards Critical points Station lists Jam nuts Locking ring Pickup "B" battery Engine oil Lubricating fitting Baggage car Follower Main supply road M .(model or modification) Identifications Freight (classification) yard or switchyard or railroad yard Concentration fire Standard nomenclature list (SNL) Hospital center British King's Regulations Kit bag Label Last post Lay shaft Leading troops in attack Leaguer Leapfrogging Level crossing Line ahead Line/angle of sight Line construction equipment Line of communications (L of C) area Line of outposts Line overlap Line route Line-telephony (L/T) Linner List of change (L of C) Load-carrying lorry Local purchases (LP) Location index (lists of stores) Locations for sector controls Location lists Lock nuts Locket (bayonet) Low-sided body Low-tension battery Lubricating oil Lubricator Luggage van Magazine platform (rifle) Main artery of supply Mark Marks or markings Marshalling (or shunting) yard Mlassed fire Master parts index (MPI) Medical base sub-area .72 BRITIS1H MILITARY T~ERMINOLOGY United States Army Regulations Barracks bag Tag Taps Countershaft Attacking echelon Bivouac in open terrain.

EQUIVALENTS 73 British Meeting point (for supply) Memorandum of examination Message form Meteor report (or telegram) Micrometer adjustment of ignition setting by manual control on distributor Miles in the hour (MIH) (speed) Mine layer Minimum crest clearance Mission sortie Mobile petrol filling centre Modification circular Mosaics Most secret Motor park Motor unit Mounting Movable obstacles Movement by march route Movement control Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service Movement graph Movement table Movement to new position Moving barrage Mud-guard or mud-wing or wing Multiple call Navy. Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) Neutralising fire Nominal roll Normal organization Normal supply (or issue) Number taker Nursing orderly Officer commanding Officer commanding (port area) Officer commanding (ship) United States Control point Artillery gun book Message blank Meteorological ("metro") message Octane selector Rate (of march) Mine planter Minimum range Reconnaissance patrol Gasoline dispensing unit Field-service modification work order Reconnaissance strip using vertical photographs only Secret Holding and reconsignment point Motorized unit Mount Portable obstacles Troop movement by marching Transportation Service (Quartermaster Corps) Transportation Division March graph March table Displacement Rolling barrage Fender Conference call Post exchange (PX) Neutralization fire Roster T7ype organization Automatic supply (or issue) Car checker Medical and surgical technician Commanding officer Depot commander Transport troop commander .BRITISH TERMS WITH U. S.

74 BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Officer commanding (train) Officer commanding (unit) Off-load. dry-cleaning Piece mark numberDetail Drawbar Conductor route Individual equipment Gasoline. to Oil sump Operation instruction Operation (or sketch) map Operation order (00) Order pro forma Orderly officer Ordnance beach detachment (OBD) Ordnance field park (OFP) United States Train commander Organization commander To unload Oil pan Fragmentary order or letter(s) of instruction Operation map Field (or combat) order Check list Officer of the day or duty officer Amphibian detachment Army ordnance depot and Armysignal depot and Army engineerl depot Enlisted men (EM) Combat outpost Power level indicator Place of bivouac Packing list Filler Asseinbly or formation Solvent.. fatigue) Perch or engine draught connector Permanent line Personal clothing and equipment Petrol or motor spirit Petrol point Piquet Plan of attack Platelayer Point section (of the van guard) Poisonous gas Pontoon Port paymaster Position of readiness Posting to a duty Predicted fire (or shoot) Predictor Priming bay (grenade) Priority call Protected papers . g. gas Distributing point (for gasoline) Picket Scheme of maneuver Section hand Point Casualty agent (chemical) Ponton Port finance officer Position in readiness Assignment Prearranged (or schedule) fire Director Priming chamber Urgent call Classified documents Other ranks (OR) Outpost Output meter Overnight camp Packing notes Packing ring Parade Paraffin Part number Party (e.

second-line Maintenance. (Some districts Quartering Commandant are divided into areas.) Railroad Railway Engineer Railway engine driver String of cars Rake of wagons Enlisted men Ratings (Royal Navy) Rear party Rear patrol Support of the advance guard (Rear section of the) van guard Azimuth indicator Receiver's bearing Elevation indicator Receiver's elevation . Recoil recorder Recoil indicator Muzzle brake Recoil reducer Recoil mechanism Recoil system Observation aviation Reconnaissance aircraft Wrecker Recovery vehicle Military Police "Red Caps" (Corps of Military Police) March messing stop Refreshment halt Garbage can Refuse bin Regimental aid post (RAP) (in the Aid station case of a battalion or similar unit) Same or check concentrations Registration Replacement or loss replacement Reinforcement Assembly point Rendezvous point Maintenance and repair Repair and recovery Maintenance. base Maintenance. second echelon Repairs. in which case it is the Area Engineer. third-line Unit replacement Replacement of assemblies Advance message center Report centre Phase line Report line Organizational requirements Requirements Credit or reserve requirements Reserve supplies Gas mask Respirator Staging area Rest camp Motor convoy (or march) Road convoy Coordinate measuring card Romer Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals Counterrecoil Run-out (of gun) 6 ° 3 -519636 -4 . S. first echelon Repairs. fourth echelon Repairs. EQUIVALENTS British United States 75 Security Protection Direct pursuit Pursuit District Engineer.BRITISH TERMS WITH U. first-line Maintenance. third echelon Repairs.

destructive Shoot. double-ended Spanner.76 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Scraper ring Sea kit bag Second-line trench Secret Sector control Security Selector Sentry post Sergeant-Major Shipping advice and delivery note (SA' & D Note) Shoot. screw (or adjustable) Sparklet bulb Sparking-plug Special force Special issue (SI) Speed ("miles in the hour") Spindle United States Oil control ring Trunk locker or "B" bag Support trench Confidential Regulation station Restricted Gearshift or warehouseman Sentry squad First Sergeant Shipping ticket Interdiction fire Fire for adjustment Station wagon Switching Quarantine flag Sighting shot Direction mark Same or message Switch tower Message center clerk Axis of signal communication Message center Message center officer'or officer in charge of message center Muffler Situation map Operation map Sleigh Shelter trench or foxhole Thin part of stock Wrench Open-end wrench Monkey wrench Gas cartridge Spark plug Task force Initial issue Rate (of march) Axle . trial Shooting brake or utility car Shunting Sick flag Sighter Sighting mark (heliograph) Signal Signal box Signal clerk Signal communication along the center line (armoured) or main axis of advance (infantry) Signal office Signalmaster Silencer Situation (or battle) map Sketch (or operation) map Slipper Slit trench Small (of rifle) Spanner Spanner.

to Stores Stragglers' posts Stretcher Striker spring Stub axle Submounting Sun and planet wheels Superimposed fire Supply installation Supply point Supply units Supporting arm Sweeping (or traversing) fire Swivel pin Taper-tailed Teleprinter Tell off. to Terrace fire Tin Tin-opener Time allowance Time and distance Time past a point Tipping lorry or tipper Tommy bar Ton Toxic smoke Trace Track plan Track rod S. British Split pin Sponge shaft Standby drafts Standing camp Standing orders Standing patrol Stands instruments Starting handle Start(ing) line Starting motor Starting point (SB) Stock up.BRITISH. EQUIVALEN-TS 77 United States Cotter pin Staff for swabbing gun Fillers Permanent camp Standing operating procedure Picket Tripod (Starting) crank Line of departure Cranking motor Initial point To load a rifle Freight Straggler line Litter Firing spring Steering knuckle Lower carriage Differential side gears and pinions Emergency barrage Supply point Distributing point Service train Auxiliary arm Traversing fire Pivot (or king) pin Boat-tailed Teletype or telegraph printer To count off Fire with increasing elevation Can Can opener Time interval Time distance Time length Dump truck Extension lever Long ton Irritant smoke Overlay Circulation plant Tie rod .TERMS WITH U.

78 BRITIStH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Traffic control post United States (Traffic) control point or critical point Circulation map Traffic map Traffic officer Trainmaster (Train) dispatcher Traffic operator Lunette Trail-eye Trailer. and small arms) Sig(VAOS) nal Corps Catalog. tanks. "B" echelon Station wagon Utility Carryall Utility car Vaccination certificate Immunization record Bedding roll Valise Valve Tube Valve voltmeter Vacuum tube voltmeter Advance party Van guard Vehicle reserve depot (VRD) Motor base depot Verbal order Oral order Key point Vital point Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Services Standard nomenclature list (for guns. Federal Stock Catalog (for Quarte'rmaster Stores) Voucher Shipping ticket Truck (or motor) park Wagon-line area Journal War diary Tables of Organization War Establishments War flat Flat car . Sod pan Undershield Uniform case (officer's) (Trunk) locker Organizational property Unit baggage Class II supplies Unit equipment Unit in support Supporting unit Unit "under command" Attached unit Train Unit transport. artillery Caisson Schedule Train path Train set Combination Scheduling Train timing Replacement center Training (or holding) depot Draw chain Trek chain Dowel Trenail Registration Trial shoot Tunic or jacket Blouse or coat Tyre or outer cover Tire .

BRITISH TERMS WITH U. EQUIVALENTS. British War Office intelligence Water bottle Weapon pit Windscreen Wing or mud-wing or mud-guard Winker (harness) Wire Wireless Wireless group (or net) Wireless-telegraphy (W/T) Withdrawal Workshop unit Written message Zero hour Zone of fire United States War Department intelligence Canteen Foxhole Windshield Fender Blinker (Bare) wire Radio Radio net Radiotelegraphy or radio (key) Retirement or retreat Maintenance (or repair) unit Message Time of attack or "H" hour Normal zone 79 . S.

low-down Automatic pilot To get going To get a medal Cockpit cover Flying so low that the aircraft appears to hop over the hedges Hurricane fighter Sharp maneuver. to collect a Greenhouse Hedge-hopping Hurryback or Hurrybox Jinking Meaning Anti-aircraft Fuselage Propeller Large formation of aircraft To take to one's parachute Large formation of enemy aircraft Airmen engaged on the early pamphlet raids Manifold pressure Parachute Circuits and landings Bomber pilot.Section IV. to crack down on Dispersal pens Dog fight Drink. Worn-out plane Flying near the ground or water To "pancake" an aircraft Protected field parking Aerial scrap To come down into the sea Sea anchor Applied to weather when unfit to fly Inaccurate information Rear gunner's lower position in the aircraft Propeller Anti-aircraft Maximum speed Flight Mine laying Explosion Information. to Gong. to Blitz. sudden evasive action of aircraft 80 . in the Drogue Dud Duff gen Dust bin Fan Flak Flat out Flip Gardening Gedawng Gen George Get cracking. ROYAL AIR FORCE TERMS Expression Ack-Ack Airframe Airscrew Balbo Bale out. a solid lump of Bomphleteers Boost Brolly Bumps and circuits Bus driver Cheeseye kite Crabbing along Deck.

to Pack up. generally about one's own prowess Crossed in love. to Peel off. S. sharp burst of machine-gun fire Got good results Strafing operation Member of crew who tends fuselage and wings. to Perimeter track Play pussy. etc. to Pukka gen Pulpit Put up a black. severely reprimanded Ramp Operational aerobatics Performance of one task by one aircraft New pilot officer A bad mi'stake (analogy froni an aircraft spinning out of control into the ground) Commanding officer of station One series.ROYAL AIR FORCE Expression Kipper kite Kite Main plane Mickey Mouse Office Organize. Rank designation on officer's cuffs Uncomplimentary adjective (ropey landing. (U. ropey evening. ropey type. to Prang. rather like a high-note klaxon To continue to fire. air pilots use "stick" to refer to the wooden handle by which the airplane is controlled. to Pleep Plug away. to Queen Bee Quick squirt or quickie Rang the bell Rhubarb Rigger Rings Ropey Screamed downhill Shagbat Shooting a line Shot down in flames Slipway Snake about Sortie Sprog Spun in Stationmaster Stick (of bombs) TERMS 81 Meaning Coastal Command aircraft which convoy fishing fleets in the North and Irish Seas Airplane Wings Bomb-dropping mechanism Cockpit of aircraft To "win" a wanted article To cease to function To break formation Taxiway around field To hide in the clouds A squeak. etc.) .) Executed a power dive Homely Exaggerated talk. to keep after the target To crash Accurate information Cockpit of aircraft To make a mistake WAAF Commander or a radio-directed airplane Short.

second pilot or any assistant Delayed landing. under maintenance or overhaul RAF personnel always take a "view" of things (good view. to Touch bottom. etc. dim view. lean view. long-distance view. "ropey" view. to Toys Tail End Charlie Train.82 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Meaning Deputy. to get ready To crash A great deal of training equipment Rear gunner in large bombing aircraft or rear aircraft of a formation Leading more than one squadron into battle Landing gear Unserviceable. outside view. patrolling Channel patrol Ground looping Not the real thing. a Swinging Synthetic Tear off a strip. that is.) Naval reserve officers (because of the wavy stripes) WAAF officer To wash out Expression Stooge Stooging about Strike. poor view. also applied to ground training To reprimand. flying slowly over an area. to take down a peg To prepare a job. to . driving the Undercart or carriage U/S View Wavy Navy Wofficer Write off. to Tee up.

honour. endorse. (automobile) tyre. anaemia. Miscellaneous: aesthetic. neutralisation. grey. b. enquire. neutralise. levelling. colour. pyjama. syren. behaviour. Duplication of the consonant "1" in certain instances upon the addition of a suffix: counsellor. 83 . travelling. The only ones shown consistently are the British "ll" instead of the American "1" before suffixes on words with the second (unaccented) syllable ending in "1". serjeant. encyclopaedia. and the "our" (final) instead of "or.Section V." In these and other differences the British variations often reflect merely a retention of an older spelling which American usage has discarded. d. briar. good-bye. signaller. British "re" instead of American "er": calibre. for example: a." and "y" for "i": enclose. Occasional "s" for "z" (though not consistently): organise. cheque. British "our" instead of American "or": armour. organising. organisation. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH 1. epaulette. gramme. metre. catalogue. alarum. axe. labour. Occasional "e" for "i. draught. SPELLING There are few differences between British spelling and American spelling. e. centre. litre. harbour. fibre. f. programme. neutralising. c. mediaeval. plough. theatre. syphon. the "re" (final) instead of "er". gaol (pronounced "jail"). tsar. cyder. prologue. storey (house). barque (boat).

84

BRITISHI MILITARY TERMIOILOG;Y

2. PRONUNCIATION
There is in general an audible difference between British and American intonation, but there are few actual differences in pronunciation. Chief of these are the British slurring of polysyllables and predilection for the broad "a." a. Differences in Accentuation In general, the British pronunciation of polysyllables tends to place a heavy stress upon the accented syllable and consequently to level out unstressed vowels, which are thus reduced to obscure sounds or elided altogether. In American pronunciation the unstressed syllables are heard more clearly, and words of four syllables generally show a secondary as well as a principal accent.
American British

Address

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Alleg6ry aristocrat ecz6ma exquisite extra6rdinary fronti6r interesting kilom6ter lAborat6ry medicine remdnerative sanitary temporarily vacation

addr6ss adv6rt :zment llegry Aristocrat eczema exquisite :xtr6r :dnry fr6ntier intr :sting kil6metre lab6r :try med :sn remin :ritiv sanitry temp :r :r :ly v:cAtion

DIFFERENCES

85

b. Main Differences in Speech Sounds (1) British broad "a" (as in "father") instead of American short "a": bath, class, dance, France, glance, grass, half, past, path, and many others. (2) British long "i" instead of American short "i": agile, civilisation, futile, organisation, reptile. (3) Miscellaneous: been (British pronunciation "bean"), clerk (British pronunciation "clark"), depot (British pronunciation "depot"), dynasty (British pronunciation "dinasty"), figure (British pronunciation "figger"), schedule (British pronunciation "shedule"), "z" (the letter, British pronunciation "zed"), lieutenant (British pronunciation "leftenant"). c. Proper Names Proper names the spelling of which long ago became fixed in charters and other documents have often undergone sound changes not shown in the spelling. These changes include shortening and slurring, and the loss, in pronunciation, of consonants retained in spelling: Cholmondeley (pronounced "Chumley"), Gloucester (pronounced "Gloster"), Greenwich (pronounced "Grennidge"), Leicester (pronounced "Lester"), Norwich (pronounced "Norridge"), Warwick (pronounced "Warrick"), Worcester (pronounced "Wooster"). 3. VOCABULARY Of the several hundred thousand words in the English language, all except a very few have the same meanings in British usage and American usage. Occasionally, however, such differences as British "trunk" call for

86,

BRITISH MILITARY

TERMINOLOGY

American "long distance" call, "chemist" for "druggist," and "stalls" for "orchestra seats" might be troublesome to Americans quartered in the United Kingdom. The list below gives a number of specifically "American" terms with their British equivalents. Through constant interchange of thought between Americans and the British, in speech, writing, and print, each people is becoming more familiar with, and even adopting, many of the other's terms. a. Business
American Bill (currency) Billfold, pocketbook Bond Check Clipping bureau Corporation I law Editorial Elevator Executive position Freight elevator Industrial (or manufacturing) plant Installment plan Newspaper clipping Notebook, memorandum book Pay day Pay roll Pen point Preferred stock Silent partner Stock Stub (of check) White-collar worker British Bank-note, note Notecase Debenture or stock Cheque Press-cutting agency Company law Leader, leading article Lift Administrative post Hoist Works Hire-purchase (or hire) system Newspaper cutting Pocketbook Wage day Salary sheet, wage sheet Nib Preference stock Sleeping partner Shares Counterfoil Black-coat worker

I "Corporation" in Great Britain is the governing body of a municipality.

DIFFERENCES

87

b. Clothing
American Boots Cheesecloth Cloak Derby (hat) Overcoat Overshoes Shoes Shoestrings, shoelaces Suspenders Undershirt Vest British High boots, Wellingtons Butter muslin Mantle, robe Bowler Greatcoat Overboots Boots Bootlaces Braces Vest, singlet Waistcoat

c. Food
Bowl (of milk) Beets Biscuits Can (of fruit) Candy 2 Canned goods Chili beans Confectioner's sugar Corn Cornmeal Cornstarch Cracker 3 Cookie, wafer Dessert English walnuts French fried potatoes Gelatine Grain (cereals) Hominy Hominy grits Ice water Lima (or butter) beans Molasses Napkin Oatmeal Basin (or bason) Beetroot Hot breads, scones Tin Sweets Tinned goods Broad beans Icing sugar Maize, Indian corn Indian meal Corn flour Biscuit, cream-cracker, cream-wafer Biscuit Sweet Walnuts, French nuts Chips Jelly Corn Whole white maize Crushed white maize Iced-water Butter beans Black treacle Serviette, napkin Porridge

2 Only crystallized sugar is called "candy" in Great Britain. 3 In Great Britain a "cracker" is a firecracker.

House Apartment 4 Apartment house ("Apartments for Rent") Blind Coal Faucet. . spigot Second floor Suite (of furniture) Water heater Flat Block of flats ("Flats to Let") Window shade Coals Tap First floor Group. Law and Public Affairs Admitted to the bar Chief of police (American) citizen City hall Inheritance tax District attorney (Congressional) district Internal Revenue Navy Department Government clerk.88 BRITISH MILT:ARY TIERMINOLOG. officeholder Called to the bar Chief constable (British) subject Town hall Death duty Public prosecutor (Parliamentary) constituency (or division) Inland Revenue. peanut Peanut spread Tart. Canadian pie Jug Crisps Pie Underdone Joint Buttered eggs Minerals Vegetable marrow Frozen shell eggs Runner (or French) beans Treacle Breadmaking flour Wholemeal flour American Peanut Peanut butter Pie Pitcher Potato chips Potpie.Y British Monkey-nut. meat pie Rare Roast of meat Scrambled eggs Soft drinks Squash Storage eggs String beans Syrup (Wheat) flour Wholewheat (or graham) flour d. Excise The Admiralty Civil servant 4An "apartment" in Great Britain is always a single room. suite Geyser e.

mud-wing. mud-guard Petrol. bobby By-election Foreign Office Rates Ratepayer To stand for (Parliament) To turn King's evidence 89 f. car Paraffin Starting handle Hand brake Wing.DIFFERENCES American Parole Policeman. outer cover Hood Gear-box Lorry Wind screen Spanner g. patrolman. apothecary Chemist's assistant Fishmonger . Motoring Battery Bumper Car. buffer Motorcar. gasoline Gearshift High gear Hood Low gear Monkey wrench Muffler Roadster Rumble seat Running board Sedan Spark plug Tire Top Transmission Truck Windshield Wrench Accumulator Fender. constable. automobile Coal oil. Occupations Construction crew Druggist Drugstore clerk Fish dealer Gang of navvies Chemist. motor spirit Change-speed lever or gear-lever or selector Top gear Bonnet Bottom gear. first speed Screw (or adjustable) spanner Silencer Two-seater Dickey Footboard Saloon car Sparking-plug Tyre. officer Special election State Department Taxes (municipal) Taxpayer To run for (Congress) To turn State's evidence British Ticket-of-leave Officer. kerosene Crank Emergency brake Fender Gas.

Blind letter Carriage forward "You are through." Information "Line's busy!" . here's your party. mender of pots and pans Traveling salesman Vegetable man British Costermonger. coster Fruiterer Dustman Ironmonger Caretaker. pillar box Group service HBunting" in Great Britain is applied only to fox-bunting. cinema Stalls Gramophone Wireless Valve Variety turn Music hall - i. bagman Green grocer h. innkeeper Tinker Commercial traveller. letters Post a letter Post box." Enquiries "Number's engaged!" Trunk call Post. . Post Office and Telephone Dead letter Cash on delivery "Go ahead.90o BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Fruit-cart man Fruit seller (or dealer) Garbage man Hardware dealer Janitor Mechanic Public appraiser Saloon (or tavern) keeper Tinner. Recreations Deck of cards Duck hunting 5 Face cards Football game Game of checkers Jack Movie Movies Movie theater Orchestra seats' Phonograph Radio Radio tube Vaudeville act Vaudeville theater Pack of cards Duck-shooting Court cards Football match Game of draughts. flicks. porter Fitter Licensed valuer Publican. Knave Cinema. Long-distance call Mail Mail a letter Mail box Party line. films Picture palace. flick Pictures.

DIFFERENCES American Postpaid Prepaid Special delivery British Post-free Carriage-paid Express delivery 91 j. Street Hoarding Billboard Kerb Curb Crossing Intersection. tramcar. Shopping Absorbent cotton Chain store Charge account Charge customers Cigar store Drugstore Dry goods store . School and College Alumni College student Public school Preparatory (or private) school Old boys (of a school) Members (of a college) [Graduates (of a university) Undergraduate [Council school Government school [National school Public school k. street (or electric or Tramway. the Tube Subway Cab rank Taxi stand Subway Underpass 5196:36°-43---- . footpath Sidewalk Street railway. street corner Metalled Paved Pavement. clerksSpool of thread Store Store fixtures Storekeeper Cotton wool Multiple shop Running account Credit customers Tobacconist's (shop) Chemist's (shop) Draper's (shop) Small wares Packet of cigarettes Spool of film Shop-assistants Reel of cotton Shop Shop fittings Shopkeeper I. tram trolley) car The Underground. Notions Pack (or package) of cigarettes Roll of film Salespeople.

then the month. platform British Luggage Advance luggage Van. box wagon Goods train Bank holiday Slow (or stopping) train Carriage. in Great Britain it would usually mean July 4. sleeper Red caps 6 'Round-trip ticket Terminal Ticket agent Ticket office To make a reservation Track 1 Vacation 7 Vestibule. Time 0 BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY American Daylight saving time British Summer time (In writing dates the British practice is usually to place the day first. 1942. passenger coach Sleeping car Porters Return ticket Terminus Booking-clerk Booking office To book Platform 1 Holiday Entrance lobby 6 In Great Britain "Red Caps" are Military Police. accommodation (train) Passenger car or coach Pullman (or sleeping) car. left-luggage office Page boy Carriage forward Registered bhggage Guard Pilot Sleepers Restaurant-car Engine-driver\ Goods truck Goods van. as 21 June. Travel American Baggage Baggage by express Baggage car Baggage room. luggage van Cloak room. confusion may result:-4/7/42 in the United States usually means April'7.92 m. checkroom Bell hop Cash on delivery (COD) Checked baggage Conductor Cowcatcher. 7 In Great Britain "vacation" is a term confined almost entirely to the universities and the law courts. pilot Cross ties Diner Engineer Freight car (flat or gondola car) Freight car (boxcar) Freight train Legal holiday Local. When numerals alone are used to denote months. 1942.) n. 1942. .

. g. In general.) Cav Bde 1 (2. etc. FORMATIONS. etc. but cavalry (horse and mechanized).) Division.) Div ------- 1st Light (Heavy) Armoured Brigade.) Cavalry Brigade. Names and individual designations of officers do not appear in messages unless they are intended for delivery to individuals. 1st Armoured Division. 1 Lt (Hy) Armd Bde 1 (2. p. since they operate both tactically and admninistratively under a single commander. First (Second.) Inf Bde 1The use of the terms "unit" and "formation" differs from that in the U. including addressing messages or correspondence. etc. etc. 2 Abbreviations for the titles of units are not used when code names are employed.) Army 1 (2. Distinguish'ing letters are to be used with the originator's number on the message form (see appendix C. 199). 200. 2c (3). many of them are used only by special or technical services or units. AND SERVICES Although these abbreviations are for general use. and reconnaissance regiments are also units. a.. the branches of the staff arc not included (e.) Corps 1 Armd Div 1 (2. APPOINTMENTS. 2 In addressing a headquarters. "RA 1 Div" and "Medical 2 Corps" are correct). in British terminology a "unit" is an organization of a single arm or service operating both tactically and administratively under a single commander. 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd. 1 STAFF. g. whereas a "formation" is a combination of units of different arms and services to the strength of a brigade or more. GHQ First (Second. Army. divisions corps. p. etc. and groups of armies are formations. etc. 1st (2nd. 93 . 1st (2nd.) Corps. Brigades.HEADQUARTERS. and fig. par. The largest unit is ordinarily called a battalion.Section VI. etc. 10. Headquarters and Formations (1) General: Full title Abbreriation Distinguishing letter General Headquarters. artillery.) Infantry Brigade. S. "1 Div" is correct and "Ql Div" is incorrect). armies. etc. etc.) Army. but abbreviations denoting subordinate commanders or services are included (e. etc. ABBREVIATIONS 1.

First (Second.) Army Signals. etc. Air GHQ b. etc. 1st (2nd. etc. battalions. etc). 96) use the originators' letters "RAO. etc.) Corps Signals.) Div RA etc. (4) Royal Corps of Signals (R Sigs): General Headquarters Signals.) Divisional Engineers. 1 (2. CCMA.) Corps RA etc. Signal Officer in Chief.) Field (Medium." and "RAQ. 1st (2nd.) Corps Artillery." "RAI..) Corps Medium Artillery.) Corps MA etc. 4The General Staff is responsible for operations. ment.) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps. etc.. 1st (2nd. etc. etc. Staff Duties and Training Section.1 (2." "I. etc.) Regt RE 1 (2.) Corps Sigs 1 (2. RA 1 (2. etc. p. and coordination in general." Units (regiments. etc. training. MA 1 (2. (See notes 5 and 6.) use the distinguishing letters "O. At the War Office and other large headquarters separate branches of the "G" Staff (or "GS") are established. etc. .) AA Bde (6) Royal Army Service Corps (RASC): 1st (2nd." and "Q" only. etc.) .94 1st (2nd.. Brigade Majors. etc. Staff (1) General Staff Branch (G or GS): 4 Operations Section. intelligence. and their Staffs. etc.) Div ST (7) Royal Air Force (RAF): Royal Air Force Component with the Army in the Field. and CRA (see par.) Fd (Med. CCRA.) Divisional Signals. 0 I SD O X -----_----- 3 The staffs of MGRA. Sigs GHQ Sigs First (Second. BRIT'ISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (2) Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) :3 Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter etc.) Army Sigs 1 (2. .. 1st (2nd. RASC 1 (2. etc. etc. Intelligence Section and Intelligence Officers. )Divisional Artillery. RA 1 (2. Regi. 2. Chief Signal Officers. below.) Div RE (3) Corps of Royal Engineers (RE): 1st (2nd. etc.) Anti-Aircraft Brigade. etc.) Div Sigs Sigs Sigs Sigs (5) Anti-Aircraft Defence (AAD): 1st (2nd. 1st (2nd.

ADC Camp MS PA ADC CP MS d. The "Q" Staff is also responsible for movement. .) 6 The Quarter-Master-General's Staff is responsible for every article that the soldier needs. Staff Captain. Personal Assistant. except when troops are actively engaged in operations. (See note F. Pathology. pays him. whether it be clothing. 2nd Echelon. Appointments Aide-de-Camp. Ord Pay Print OS PAY PS 6 The Adjutant-General's Staff is responsible for personnel administration. It enlists the soldier. looks after his discipline and welfare.ABBREVIATIONS 95 Distinguishingletter (2) Adjutant-General's Branch (A): ' Full title Abbreviation Officer in Charge. Nursing. Military Secretary. Labour REME Medical Dental Hygiene Medical Nursing Pathology LB ME M M M M M M Ordnance (Q). Services 7 Army Postal (Q). or oil. food. Hygiene. petrol (gasoline). below. Hirings (A). Kinematography (A) Postal Canteens Chaplains Restores Graves Hirings DJAG Kinema P CAN CH ES GR HGS JAG AK Labour (Q). Pay (A). The "A" Staff also considers the questions of man power and statistics. Operational movement is controlled by the "G" Staff. At every Hq there is an officer who coordinates "A" and "Q" duties. Dental. Canrteen (Q). Chaplains (A). Movement Control. Medical and Surgical. Mechanical Engineering (Q) Medical (A). equipment. supervises his medical arrangements. weapons. Printing and Stationery (A). Camp Commandant. 7 The letter in parentheses following each service indicates which branch of the staff exercises control. ammunition. Staff Captain. Judge Advocate-General (A). vehicles. and in this regard links very closely with the "0" Staff. and eventually discharges or buries him. O2E ECH A Q QM (3) Quarter-Master-General's Branch (Q):6 ------ c. Engineer Stores (G) Graves (A). promotes him.

. For the chief staff officers at various headquarters. Transportation (Q).. Major-General. Royal Artillery --------------Engineer-in-Chief__ ---------. First-grade staff officers. Survey (G).. in general.... Light Railways. third-grade.. Chief Engineer_ Commander.Deputy-Assistant-QuarterGrade 2 General Master-General (GSO 2 or G2) (DAAG) (DAQMG) 3d Grade -------General Staff Officer.. Staff Captain (A) Staff Captain (Q) Grade 3 (SC(A)) ( C (Q)) (GSO 3 or G3) It will be observed that the titles "GI. exercise a coordinating funcdion over a number of branches... Inland Water Transport... are in charge of branches at the War Office and larger headquarters. Remounts (Q)." and "G3" when used in the British Army relate to gradings. who are graded as lieutenant-colonels. Pro Remounts Sup Survey Tpt Transit Docks IWT Lightrail Rail Vet Works PRO RM S CV T TN D IW LR RY Vet Wks 2." "02.------General Staff Officer. Docks. Supply (Q). .. Grade 1 (AAG) General (GSO 1 or GI) (AQMG) 2d Grade . and not to the branch of the staff. Transport (Q). DeputyAssistant-Adjutant.. Royal Engineers -------------- CIGS C-in-C MGRA CCRA CCMA CRA E-in-C CE CRE s Staff officers of the rank of colonel and above are ungraded and.. and there may be variations depending upon the situation).. Second-grade staff officers are majors. Railways.... Works (Q). Assistant-Adjutant-General Assistant-Quarter-Master.. Titles according to the branch of the staff are as follows: "G" Staff "A" Staff "Q" Staff 1st Grade. Royal Artillery -------------Commander. COMMANDERS AND STAFFS Title 8 Abbreviation Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office__ Commander-in-Chief -. see figure 4 (normal assignments are shown. Corps Royal Artillery -------Commander. General Staff Officer.. Veterinarv (Q)..96 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Full title Abbreviation Distinguishingletter Provost (A). Corps Medium Artillery ------Commander. captains.

--------------Brigadier. General Staff ------------BGS . General Staff GSO General Staff Officer ---------------------Brigade Major---------------------------BM Signal Officer-in-Chief --------------------- .ABBREVIATIONS 97 "Q " Quarter-MasterGeneral's Staff QMG Quarter-MasterGeneral to the Forces (Lieutenant-General) DQMG Deputy QuarterMaster-General (Major-General) Headquarters e s"" General Staff "A' Adjutant-General's Staff AG Adjutant-General to the Forces (TLieutenant-General) DAG Deputy AdjutantGeneral (MajorGeneral) War Office CIGS Chicf of the Imperial Gencral Staff (General) CGTS Chief of the General Staff (Iieutenant-General) GHQ Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Major-General) 3BGS Brigadier General Staff (Bligadier) GSO 1 (or G1) General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Lieutenant-Colonel) BM Brigade Major (Major) MGA Major-General in Charge of Administration (Major-General) DA & QMG (or DAQ) Deputy Aldjutant and Quarter-MasterGeneral (Brigadier) AA & QMO (or AQ) Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master General (Lieutenant-Colonel) SC Staff Captain (Captain) Corps Brigade Figure 4. Royal Army Service Corps ----Naval Staff Officer ----------------------NSO PSTO Principal Sea Transport Officer ------------AOC Air Officer Commanding ------------------Chief of the General Staff in the Field ------CGS -DCGS Deputy Chief of the General Staff -----MGGS Major-General. Title Abbreviation Chief Sigs (formerly SO-in-C) CSO Chief Signal Officer ---------------------CRASC Commander.-Chief British staff officers at various headquarters.

that. therefore. S. Regular and Territorial. National Guard. forces. Order of Precedence In the list that follows. only the Regular Army regiments are shown. At the outbreak of war all elements were consolidated into a single "British Army. all of which have been mechanized. In the list that follows. In the case of the Royal Armoured Corps. regiments and corps are listed in the order of traditional precedence. S. however. the distinction between regular and reserve units has largely vanished.tion_ (Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant and QuarterMaster-General.98 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Title Abbreviation --Deputy Adjutant-General ---------(Deputy) Assistant-Adjutant-General ------Staff Captain ----------------------------Deputy Quarter-Master-General -----------(Deputy) Assistant-Quarter-Master-General_ _ (Deputy) Assistant-Director of Transporta. as in the U. the largest being the Territorial Army. Many conscripted men are in regular units and many regulars are in reserve units. it should be understood that there is a distinction between the operational Royal Armoured Corps and the parent organization of the same name. The operational corps includes all of the cavalry regiments. General In peacetime the British Army in the United Kingdom was composed of the Regular Army and several secondline forces. DAG (D)AAG SC DQMG (D)AQMG (D)AD Tn (D)AA & QMG (or AAQMG or AQ) 3. b." It should be realized. REGIMENTS AND CORPS a. as well as the Royal Tank Regi- . which was very similar to the U.

4th/7th 12 Royal Dragoon Guards ----------5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards ----1st The Royal Dragoons ------------------The Royal Scots Greys (2nd Dragoons) -----3rd The King's Own Hussars --------------4th Queen's Own Hussars -----------------7th Queen's Own Hussars ------------------8th King's Royal Irish Hussars ------------9th Queen's Royal Lancers ----------------KDG Bays 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG Royals Greys 3 H 4H 7 H 8 H 9L 9 The regiments of the household cavalry are the Royal Guards (similar to the Foot Guards in the infantry). two units of The Honourablc Artillery Company (BAC) of the City of London. In this case. iI The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA). 2/4 Hamps. At the present time. that is. The parent organization includes those units belonging to the Royal Armoured Corps only. 12Two ordinal numbers separated by a diagonal stroke (as 4th/7th) denote two original regiments now merged into one. and not to any other regiment. Battalions within regiments are also numbered and may also bear two nuamhers: for example. c. 10Now one regiment. are a part of the RHA. by the Royal Armoured Corps. below). the 4th Battalion of The Hampshire Regiment has been expanded into more than one tactical battalion. now mechanized. one of the oldest existing military units in Great Britain. the 1st and 2nd Regiments. The Royal Tank Corps (at one time being known as R Tanks) has been absorbed. formerly known as The Life Guards. Household Cavalry 9 The Life Guards 10 --------------Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) ----------Abbreviation LG RHG d. . it takes the right and marches at the head of the household cavalry. which is a part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (see j(l). follows the Royal Horse Guards in order of precedence. Royal Armoured Corps-RAC (Cavalry of the Line) 1st King's Dragoon Guards ---------------The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) ---3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards) .ABBREVIATIONS 99 ment (formerly known as RTR and 'then R Tanks and now known as R Tks). But when on parade with its guns. and as such are considered a part of the King's household. Ist and 2nd. of which this is the 2nd.

) 14 A "Guard's brigade" is a brigade formed of two or more battalions from these regiments.100 BRITIS[H MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)__ 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own) --------12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's) -----13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)_ 14th/20th Kings Hussars ------------------15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars -------16th/5th Lancers -------------------------17th/21st Lancers --------------22nd Dragoons --------------------------23rd Hussars ----------------------------24th Lancers -----------------------------25th Dragoons ---------------------------26th Hussars ----------------------------27th Lancers ----------------------------Royal Tank Regiment --------------------- 10 H 11 H 12 L 13/18 H 14/20 H 15/19 H 16/5 L 17/21 L 22 Dgns 23 H 24 L 25 Dgns 26 H 27 L R Tks e. (See also note 11. A "Guards' general" is a general officer promoted to that rank after having served'as a field officer in a regiment of Foot Guards. above. . Welsh Guards (The Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards). Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards). Gren Gds Coldm Gds SG IG WG 13The Field Branch takes precedence over the Coast Defence and Anti-Aircraft Branch.-----------Corps of Royal Engineers Royal Corps of Signals --------------------RA RE R Sigs f. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Foot Guards (The Brigade of Guards) 14 Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). Supporting Arms Royal Regiment of Artillery l3 .

The King's Regiment (Liverpool) (8) -------The Royal Norfolk Regiment (9) --------The Lincolnshire Regiment (10) -----------The Devonshire Regiment (11) ------------The Suffolk Regiment (12) ----------------The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) (13). These numbers no longer have any significance except from a historical and sentimental point of view. RS Queen's Buffs King's Own NF Warwick RF King's Norfolk Lincolns Devon Suffolk Som LI W Yorks . the number indicating the age and seniority of the regiment (in many cases actually a regiment of one battalion). The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3)___ The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (4). which ceased to exist in 1922) or to junior battalions of existing regiments (for example. The numbers are the old numbers by which the regiments were formerly known. the last to be formed. Abbreviation The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (1)___ The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2). The missing numbers refer to disbanded organizations (for example. 52 is the 2nd Battalion of the 43rd Regiment. Infantry of the Line The 64 Foot Regiments that make up the infantry of the line are numbered from (1) to (91). beginning with The Royal Scots. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5)-----The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (6) -----The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7). No. The Rifle Brigade. all battalions of which are known as The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). No. has no number. 18 was that of The Royal Irish Regiment. Each regiment received a number as it was formed.ABBREVIATIONS 101 g. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14).

The Welch Regiment (41) ---------------The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (42). The Essex Regiment (44) --------------- E Yorks Bedfs Herts Leicesters Green Howards LF RSF Cheshire RWF SWB KOSB Cameronians Innisks Glosters Wore R E Lan R Surreys DCLI DWR Border R Sussex Hamps S Staffords Dorset S Lan R Welch BW Oxf Bucks Essex . The Leicestershire Regiment (17) ----------The Green Howards (Alexandra. The Border Regiment (34) --------------The Royal Sussex Regiment (35) ----------The Hampshire Regiment (37). The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (16).---------The South Staffordshire Regiment (38) -----The Dorsetshire Regiment (39) -----------The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (40). The Lancashire Fusiliers (20) -------------The Royal Scots Fusiliers (21) -------------The Cheshire Regiment (22) --------------The Royal Welch Fusiliers (23) ------------The South Wales Borderers (24) -----------The King's Own Scottish Borderers (25) ----The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (26) -----The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (27)--------The Gloucestershire Regiment (28) --------The Worcestershire Regiment (29) ---------The East Lancashire Regiment (30) -------The East Surrey Regiment (31) -----------The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32) __ The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) (33). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (43).102 BRITISEH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15). Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) (19).

the Duke of Albany's) (72). The Gordon Highlanders (75) --------The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (79)__ The Royal Ulster Rifles (83) . when landed from HM ships or from naval establishments). The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) (91). The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (51)_ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (53)---The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) (57) ----------------------The King's Royal Rifle Corps (60) ---------The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's (62).'5 The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50). lbThe precedence of the Royal Marines is established as follows: Foresters Loyals Northamptons R Berks RWK KOYLI KSLI \Mx KRRC Wilts Manch N Staffs Y &L DLI HLI Seaforth Gordons Camerons RUR R ir F A & SH When serving under the Naval Discipline Act (i. . When serving under the Army Act vi. they will form part of the naval contingent and take precedence immediately after the Royal Navy. The Manchester Regiment (63) ------------The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) (64). The York and Lancaster Regiment (65) ----The Durham Light Infantry (68) ---------The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) (71). e. they will take precedence after The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).ABBREVIATIONS I103 Abbreviation The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) (45).. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. e.The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) (87). The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (47)_ The Northamptonshire Regiment (48) ------The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (49). when a Royal Marine unit is furnished from a Royal Marine division or from a Royal Marine battalion)..

.. RAPC Royal Army Veterinary Corps -------------RAVC Army Educational Corps -----------------AEC The Army Dental Corps ......104 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (No number).-----------------AD Corps Pioneer Corps 16___ ______ ________ ________ Pnr Corps Intelligence Corps ------------------------Army Catering Corps ------.... Army Air Corps-_-__-__-_-___..._________ AAC Glider Pilot Regiment ---------------Parachute Regiment -----------------Glider P Regt Para Regt i.. Auxiliary Territorial Service ---------------Training Corps ----------------------------16Formerly the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)...... General Service Corps --------------------Army Physical Training Corps -----------Corps of Military Police --------------. Int Corps ACC GSC APTC CMP MPSC QAIMNS ATS TC ..... Reconnaissance Corps --------------------- RB R-ecce Corps h.. Military Provost Staff Corps___________ ____Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service... Departmental Corps Royal Army Chaplains' Department -------RAChD Royal Army Service Corps ----------------RASC Royal Army Medical Corps -----------RAMC Royal Army Ordnance Corps --------------RAOC Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers___ REME Royal Army Pay Corps -..

No. etc. RA ----------1st Survey Battery.) Med Arty Sig Sec 1 (2.) Medium Artillery Signal Section. Corps of Royal Engineers (RE) 100th Army Field Company -----------103rd (Glasgow) Army Troops Company_ 105th Corps Field Park Company ------12th (Field) Company. etc. Royal Horse Artillery ----42nd/53rd Field Battery. RE --------19th (Field Survey) Company. 2. etc.ABBREVIATIONS 105 4.) Sqn Armd Div Sigs . Armoured Divisional Signals.) Squadron. RA 17th Medium Battery. 1 (No. TITLES OF UNITS OTHER THAN CAVALRY AND INFANTRY a. etc. RA ------------2nd Searchlight Battery. 1 (No. RE ----------109th Workshop and Park Company --100 A Fd Coy 103 A Tps Coy 105 Corps Fd Pk Coy 12 Fd Coy 6 Fd Park Coy 19 Fd Svy Coy RE 3 Frt Coy 109 Wkshop and Pk d. RA--------------4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery. etc. 2. 2. RA -------------3 AA Bty 1 A Tk Bty A Bty RHA 42 Fd Bty 4 Hy Bty 4 Lt AA Bty 17 Med Bty 2 SL Bty 1 Svy Bty c.) Field Artillery Signal Section. 1 AA Bde Sigs 1 (2. 1 (No. No. Royal Corps of Signals (RSigs) No. 1 Anti-Aircraft Brigade Signals ----No.) Fd Arty Sig Sec 1 (2. RE -----3rd (Fortress) Company. etc. Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) ist Armoured Car Company --------3rd Royal Tank Regiment ----------Abbreviation 1 Armd C Coy 3 R Tanks b. RA -----------A/E Battery. RA ----------4th Heavy Battery. RA ---------1st Anti-Tank Battery. RE ------------6th (Field Park) Company. Royal Regiment of Artillery (RA) 3rd Anti-Aircraft Battery.

.) Fd Hyg Sec 1 (2.) CCS 1 (2. Div Amn Sub Pk Div Tps Coy GHQ Tps Coy Inf Bde Coy L of C MT Coy MAC Res MT Coy Tank Bde Coy f. Corps Troops Supply Column Divisional Ammunition Sub-Park -----Divisional Troops Company -----------GHQ Troops Company --------------Infantry Brigade Company ----. etc... Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) Casualty Clearing Station -------------Cavalry Field Ambulance --------------Field Ambulance ---Field Hygiene Section -----------------General Hospital ------------------Light Field Ambulance --------------Light Field Hygiene Section ------------1 (2. Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) Anti-Aircraft Group Company ---------..-..) Gen Hosp 1 (2....) Fd Amb 1 (2.--Line of Communication Motor Transport Company..) Lt Fd Amb 1 (2. etc.. Armoured Division Petrol Park_ Armoured Division Reserve Supply Park__ Armoured Division Troops CompanyBridge Company ---------------------Corps Ammunition Park --------------Corps Petrol Park -------------------Corps Troops Ammunition Company ---Corps Troops Ammunition Sub-Park --.. ----------Tank Brigade Company_ AA Gp Coy Amb C Coy Armd Bde Coy Armd Div Amn Pk Armd Div Pet Pk Armd Div Res Sup Pk Armd Div Tps Coy Bridge Coy Corps Pk Corps Pet Pk CT Amn Coy CT Amn Sub Pk CT Sup Col . Ambulance Car Company Armoured Brigade Company ----------Armoured Division Ammunition Parkl . etc. etc.) Lt Fd Hyg Sec . etc.....106 BRITISH. Motor Ambulance Convoy ------------Reserve MT Company ----------.. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Abbreviation e...) Cav Fd Amb 1 (2.. etc. etc.

The most usual requirements are.-. covered by the following: AAG ACT ALA AMC ART BDG BIV BUS CAV CLM Anti-aircraft guns. 1 (2.. etc. RECONNAISSANCE CODE No single code can embrace every observation likely to be required... Mounted men. Recourse to the use of plain language will be inevitable for certain types of observation. Armoured cars. Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) Mobile Veterinary Section ------------Veterinary Evacuating Station ------1 (2.. 5196336--43 -.LAD Light Aid Detachment Ord Fd Pk Ordnance Field Park -----------------Rec Sec -------------Recovery SectionTank Bde Ord Coy Tank Brigade Ordnance Company ------ h. Cancel last message.8 . etc.ABBREVIATIONS 107 Abbreviation g.) VES i.) Mob Vet See 1 (2.. etc.. Bivouac... All artillery.. etc..-.. "Bus" (as distinct from MET). not in action.. Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) AA Bde Wkshop Anti-Aircraft Brigade Workshop ------Armoured Brigade Ordnance Company___ Armd Bde Ord Coy A Fd Wkshop Army Field Workshop ----------------CHQ Tps Wkshop GIHQ Troops Workshop ---------------Infantry Brigade Ordnance Company ---.. Bridge. Corps of Military Police (CMP) Provost Company --------------------Provost Squadron . however... All arms (used in conjunction with COL).) Pro Sqn 5..Inf Bde Ord Coy ..) Pro Coy 1 (2... Activity at (used only to denote haphazard movement in a 'small area)..

which is arranged alphabetically according to the abbreviations. Defended post. Horses. has been compiled from both official and unofficial sources. Siding. Cannot observe ----previously located at ----GNS 356469). Railhead. Facing. Column. Railway train (complete with engine). Single-engine aircraft. River. Passenger coaches. Pontoon bridge. B. Guns now firing. Horse-drawn transport. Multi-engined aircraft. RHP RIV SDG SIN SNU TCH TCK TKV TMG TNK TNT TRG TRN TRP TWN WAR WTS BRITISH MILITARY T'ERMINOLOGY Closed. (All railway observations will be taken to refer to engines with steam up unless this group follows. Civilian or refugee traffic. RFB. Warships. Digging. Tracked vehicles. No movement seen. Men. MISCELLANEOUS The following list of abbreviations.108 CLO CNO COL DFP DIG ENG FCG GCB GNF GNS HDT HOR INF MET MGS NMS OPN PDG PED RED RFA. Track. Steam not up. etc. Mechanical transport. Concentration of hostile batteries in action. e. but not firing. C. Open. 6. It represents abbre- . Goods trucks (i. Tent. etc.. g. Wireless station. Machine guns. Engine. Target moving. (e.. freight cars). Ranging point. RFC. Tank. CNO Reference point A. Guns in action.) Trench.

Account.ABBREVIATIONS 109 viations for designations as used mainly by the Army and the Royal Air Force. Army Book or aircraft bomb or Able Seaman. Assistant-Adjutant-General or anti-aircraft guns (reconnaissance code). Anti-Aircraft Defence Command (or Commander). though some as used by the Royal Navy have been included. Anti-Aircraft Training Establishments. Automatic bomb sight. Adjutant-General's Branch or Air Branch or Adjutant (see also Adj. Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Army Bureau of Current Affairs. Auxiliary Air Force. The British use of periods and of capital and lower-case letters is not consistent. Ordinarily the addition of the letter "s" to an abbreviation indicates the plural. Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Unit. Anti-aircraft light machine gun. Army Air Support Control (see also A Air SC). Assistant Beachmaster. Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishmeent. A "A" or A (A) AA AAA AA/AFV AA & CD AACU AAD AADC AAEE A & AEE AAF AAFGL AAFRO AAG AALMG AA & QMG AAQMG AAS AASC AASCV AASF AASL (Coy) AATE AB ABCA ABM ABS a/c AC Admiral or Acting or armour or aircraft or amphibian (see also Amph) or ambulance (see also Amb). Anti-Aircraft Defence or Advanced Ammunition Depot or apparatus. Accountant Branch Officer. Army Act or anti-aircraft (see also Ack-Ack and Flak). Air Commodore (see also A Cdre and A Cmdre and Air Comdr) or Aircraftman (followed by I or 2 to denote the class) or Advisory Council or alternating current. Aeroplane and Armaments Experimental Establishment. Anti-Aircraft Searchlight (Company). Auxiliary Air Force Reserve of Officers. Air Armament School or Advanced Air Station. aircraft defence. Anti-aircraft artillery or American Air Almanac. Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-Gdneral (see also AQ).) or Army. Army Air Support' command vehicle. Army Co-operation (aircraft) or aircraft or armoured car. Anti-aircraft armoured fighting vehicle. or A/C or AC . Auxiliary Air Force General List. Advanced Air Striking Force.

Army Co-operation Command. . Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operational Requirements and Tactics). Assistant Chief Inspector of Stores.) ACAS ACAS (G) ACAS (I) ACAS (P) ACAS (R) ACAS (T) ACBAS ACC accn A Cdlre Acft C ACH ACI ACICS ACIGS ACI Inst ACIS ack or ACK Ack-ack ACL ACM ACMB A Cmdre ACMF ACNS ACO A Comdr A Comdt AC on SR & TD A Co-op C ACS A/CSAD AC Sqn A Ct or ACT ACT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Admiral Commanding (No. Aircraft Carrier Squadron. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Radio). Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Plans). Army Catering Corps or Army Co-operation Command (RAF). Air Commandant (see also A Ct). Administrative Commandant. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff. Air Commandant (see also A Comdt). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Adviser on Combined Operations or Acting Commanding Officer. Air Chief Marshal. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (General). Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cmdre and Air Comdr). Assistant Chief Superintendent of Armament Design. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Intelligence). Aircraft carrier. Army (or Air) Council Instruction. Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Air Commodore (see also AC and A Cdre and A Comdr). Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Assistant Chief of the Air Staff.110 AC (No. Army Co-operation Squadron. of Battle Squadron). Advisory Council on Scientific Research and Technical Development. Back Areas. Assistant Chief Inspector of Instruments. Anti-aircraft (see also AA and Flak). Aircrafthand (an airman unskilled in any trade). Anti-coastal motorboat. Activity at (reconnaissance code). Assistant-Controller of Labour. Acknowledge. Assistant Chief Inspector of Common Services. Accommodation. South.

Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Assistant-Director of Armament Research. . Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Engines). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Cash). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Clothing). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production. Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Equipment). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Bombs). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Stores). Air Defence or Ammunition Depot or addendum or Assistant-Director (in combination). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Progress). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Equipment (Delivery Planning). Assistant-Director of Armament Production. Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Guns). Assistant-Director of Accounts (General). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Aircraft). Aide-de-Camp or The Army Dental Corps (see also AD Corps). Assistant-Director of (Home) Civil Aviation (see also ADHCA). Administration or administrative (see also adm and admn). Assistant-Director of Accounts (Allowances). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Communications). Assistant-Director of Aeroplane Production (Naval). Assistant-Director of Armament Development (Chemicals). Assistant-Director of Aircraft Factories (Construction).ABBREVIATIONS ACV ad AD ADA (A) ADA (C) ADA (G) ADA (M) ADA (S) ADAE (DP) ADAE (E) ADAE (P) ADAF (C) ADAF (E) ADAF (P) ADAF (W) ADAP ADAP (N) ADAPF (C) ADAPF (E) ADAPF (P) ADAPF (W) AD Arm D (B) AD Arm D (C) AD Arm D (G) AD Arm P AD Arm R ADC ADCA ADC ADC ADC ADC ADC (A) (Arm) (Clo) (Cormm) (E) 111 Armoured (or Army) command vehicle. Assistant-Director of Accounts (Miscellaneous). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Armament).

Assistant-Director General (in combination). Assistant-Director of Contracts (Works). The Army Dental Corps (see also ADC). A special organisation for the occasion.112 ADC (Fuel) ADC (G) ADC (Inst) ADC'(M) AD Corps ADCP ADC (S) ADC (W) AD/DA (NA) ADDOS addsd ADEE ADEP ADG ADGB ADGD ADGTn ADH ADHCA Ad hoc ADHP ADI ADIA ADI Arm ADIE ADIM ADI (Maps) AD Inst P Adj or Adjt ADL adm Adm ADM ADMC AD!MCP ADME admn ADMO ADMP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Assistant-Director of Contracts (Fuel). Assistant-Director of Intelligence. Assistant-Director of Home Civil Aviation (see also ADCA). Assistant-Director of Contractors' Purchases. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Service). Assistant-Director of Labour. Assistant-Director of Hygiene. . Assistant-Director of Contractors (Material). Assistant-Director of Material Production. Addressed. Admiral or Admiralty (see also Admty). Assistant-Director of Inspection Equipment (or Engines). Assistant-Director of Inspection Aircraft. Assistant-Director of the Meteorological Office. Assistant-Director of Military Co-operation. Administration or administrative (see also ad or adm). Air Defence of Great Britain. Assistant-Director of Contracts (Instruments). Assistant-Director of Intelligence (Maps). Aircraft design memoranda. Assistant-Director of Contracts (General). Assistant Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Air Defence Experimental Establishment or Admiralty Development and Experimental Establishment. Assistant-Director-General of Transportation. Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Assistant-Director of Engine Production. Adjutant (see also A). Assistant-Director of Inspection Materials. Assistant-Director of Inspection Armament. Assistant-Director of Development of Aircraft (North American). Assistant-Director of Hydrogen Production. Assistant-Director of Ground Defence.. Assistant-Director of Instrument Production. Administration or administrative (see also ad and admn).

Assistant-Director of Pioneer and Labour. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Seaplanes. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Armament (Naval). Assistant-Director of Radio Production (Technical). (or Organisation) Assistant-Director of Operations (Establishments). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Engines. Air Defence-Research and Development Establishment (Operational Research Group). of Research and Development Assistant-Director Communications. Assistant-Director of Survey. Assistant-Director of Sub-Contracting. Assistant-Director of Scientific Research. Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services. Assistant-Director of Signals (Ground Communications). Aircraft Depot. Assistant-Director of Public (or Press) Relations. Assistant-Director of Regional Control. Assistant-Director of Research and Development Landplanes. Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Assistant-Director of Radio Production. and Development of Research Assistant-Director Technical. Advanced Dressing Station.ABBREVIATIONS ADMS Admty. Assistant-Director of Remounts. ADNAD ADO ADO (Est) AD of S (2) AD of S (3) ADOS ADOT ADPEA ADPL A Dpo ADPR ADPS ADR ADRC AD/RD Arm (N) ADRDC AD/RDE ADRDE (ORG) AD/RDL ADRD Mat ADRDS ADRDT ADRP ADRP (Tech) ADS ADSC ADSM ADSR ADST AD Svy 113 Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Assistant-Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Assistant-Director of Signals (Civil Aviation). Assistant-Director of Production Engine Accessories. . Admiralty (see also Adm). Assistant-Director of Postal Service. Assistant-Director of Operations (or Organisation). Assistant-Director of Operational Training. of Research and Development Assistant-Director Materials. Assistant-Director of the Naval Air Division.

Assistant-Director of Explosives (Raw Materials. Advanced guard. Assistant-Director of Works (Mechanical and Electrical). Adjutant-General's Branch. Assistant Gun Position Officer. Assistant-Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Assistant-Director of Explosives. Air Force Liaison Officer. etc. Army Field Workshop. Aircraft Equipment Spares (Statistics). Auxiliary Fire Service or Assistant Financial Secretary. Adjutant-General and Quarter-Master-General. Admiralty Fleet Order. Advance or advanced. Aircraft equipment (organisation). Aeroplane. Aircraft equipment (engines). engineer and signal scales. Australian Depot Unit of Supply.). . Air Force Medal. Air Force Headquarters. Economy Cost Branch. Air Force Cross or Air Fighting Committee. Advisor on Education or aircraft equipment. Armoured Fighting Vehicle School. Adjutant-General or Air Gunner or anti-gas. Artillery Equipment School. Aircraft equipment production. Advanced base. Army filtration barges. Air Fighter Development Unit. Assistant-Director of Operational Training. Armament. Assistant Embarkation Officer. Army Educational Corps or Associated Equipment Company or Aircraft Equipment Committee or Adviser.114 AD Th ADTO ADUS adv Adv Bse Adv Gd ADWAAF ADW (M & E) ADX 1 ADX 2 AE AEC BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY AE (E) AEO AE (0) AEP Aerp AES AES (Stats) AE (Stats) AE & S Scales AF AFB AFC AFDU A Fd Wkshop AF HQ AFLO AFM Afme AFO AFS AFV AFVS AG AGB AGPO AG & QMG Assistant-Director of Transportation. Armoured fighting vehicle. Airframe. Army form or Admiral of the Fleet or Armament Firms and Establishments or airframes or autofrettage. Aircraft Equipment (Statistics).

Australian Imperial Force. Amatol (see also AM). Advanced Horse Transport Depot. Army Intelliegence Department. Aircraft Inspection Department. Assistant Instructor of Gunnery. Airborne troops. Air Intelligence Liaison Officer. Air Intelligence or Admiralty Instructions or aircraft interception. American Liaison and Munitions. Assault landing craft. Air Liaison Section. Air Ministry Intelligence. Air operation. Air Judge Advocate-General. Air Observation Post (see also AOP). Armaments Division. . Ambulance (see also A). Section of Air Ministry dealing with prisoners of war. Searchlights. Armoured cars (reconnaissance code) or armoured merchant cruiser or (Royal) Army Medical Corps.ABBREVIATIONS AGRM AHQ AHTD AI A/I or AI AI/ASV AIC AID AID Arm Div AIF AIG AII AIK AILO Air Bse Air OP Air Op Airtps or Air tps Air Comdr Air M AIS AJAG AKHM ALA ALC ALFS ALG ALM ALO ALS or AL Sec Alt AM AMA Amb AMC AMDP 115 Adjutant-General. Army (or Air) Headquarters. Air Marshal (see also AM). Advanced landing ground. Assistant King's Harbour Master. Apparatus locating flash and sound. Air Ministry or Air Marshal (see also Air M) or Albert Medal or amatol (see also AMA). Aircraft interception (short wave) or Assistant Instructor. Aeronautical Inspection Department. All arms (reconnaissance code). Royal Marines. Air Member for Development and Production. Air Base. Air Commodore (or Commander) (see also AC and A Cdre and A Cmdre). Aircraft interceptor (air interception device). Aircraft interception. Air Liaison Officer. air-to-surface vessel (radar). Altitude.

Air Member for Training. Air Observer School. Admiralty Mechanical Research Establishment. Army and Navy Stores. Army Order or Accountant Officer. . Air Member for Personnel. Adviser. Angle of sight (see also A/S). Assistant Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Army Ordnance Depot or Advanced Ordnance Depot. Ammonal with charcoal. Amphibian (see also A).Experimental Station. Alteration order form. Australian Military Force. Assistant Military Secretary. Assistant Master-General of Ordnance. Advanced Operational Base. Anti-Motor Torpedo Battery or anti-motor torpedo boat. Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps). Army Ordnance Field Park. Australia-New Zealand Army Corps. Air Observation Post (see also Air OP). Air Ministry Weekly Intelligence Summary. Assistant Military Landing Officer.116 A/MEN AMES AMF AMGO AMLO amn or Amn AMNL AMNL CH AMO AMP AMPC Amph AMRE AMS AMSI AMSO AMT AMTB AMU AMWIS ANA ANS A & N Stores Annx ANZAC AO AOB AOC AOC-in-C AOD AOER AOF AOFP A of S AOME AOP AORS AOS AOW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Anti-personnel (ammunition). Air Member for Supply and Organisation or Area Mine Sweeping Officer. Air Ministry Order. Army Ordnance Workshop. Air Ministry . Air Navigation School. Annexure. Army Officers' Emergency Reserve. Ammunition. Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Operational Research Section. American Nautical Almanac. Ammonal (bulk explosives). Admiralty Merchant Shipping Instructions. Air Officer Commanding. Air Mileage Unit.

Average projectile velocity or armed patrol vessel. Air Production. Armour-piercing (projectile). Air Personnel Department. Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production.ABBREVIATIONS AP 117 A/P APBC APC APCBC APCBCHE AP/CW APD APF APF(C) APF(E) APFS API APIS APIU APM APN APO APP Approx Appx APR APRO APS APSHOT APSL APS/MAP APSS A Pt APT APTC APV AQ AQMG AR Ammunition Point or Air Publication or Aeroplane Production or air pilotage or armour-piercing (projectile). Air Photographic Intelligence Unit. (projectile) capped. Armour-piercing. Approximately Appendix. Armour-piercing (projectile). Armour-piercing projectile or Armour-Piercing Projectile (Committee) or Admiralty proximity pistols. Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Army (or Air) Photographic Intelligence Section. capped with ballistic cap. Aircraft Production Factories or accurate position finder. capped with ballistic cap. Army Physical Training Corps. Assistant Provost-Marshal. (see Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General also AA & QMG). Aiming point. Naval. Armour-piercing tracer. Army Plotting Room. Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). high explosive. . Army Printing and Stationery Services. Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant. chemical warfare (gas bombs). Anti-personnel (bomb). Armour-piercing. Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Assistant Public Relations Officer. Acting Pilot Officer or Army Post Office. Armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. Armour-piercing incendiary or air position indicator. Armour-piercing shot (inert). Army Postal (or Pigeon) Service. Air Publications and Forms Stores. Arado (German airplane) or Air Regiment or aiming rifle.

Advanced Railway (or Remount) Depot. Air Raid Warden. Admiralty Research Laboratory. Ammunition Sub-Depot. Ammunition Refilling Point or Air Raid Protection (or Precautions). Armament Production (see also Arm P). Associate of the Royal Red Cross. small arms (see also SAA) or aluminum. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). Airship. All artillery. Air Service or anti-submarine or auto-sight. Armament Production Progress. Artillery reconnaissance. Ammunition Railhead. Air speed indicator (or indicated). Air Raid Wardens' Service. Armament. not in action' (reconnaissance code). Admiralty Signal Establishment. Artisan Works Company. Anti-Submarine Establishment. Army Routine Order. Ammunition. Aeroplane Repair Section. Airman or Airmen. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. styphnate azide or antimony. sulphide azide. Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment.118 ARC ARD ARH ARL armd arind C Armn Arm P Arm P Prog Armt Armt P ARO ARP - I BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Aeronautical Research Committee or automatic remote control. Air Stores Park. Artillery. Angle of sight (see also A of S). Army Stores Issue Ship. Armoured. Armament Supply Officer or Assistant Section Officer. ARPAF ARRC ARS ART Arts Wks Coy Arty Arty R ARW ARWS AS AS or A/S A/S A &S ASA ASD ASE A/S E A/S EE A & SH Ashp ASI ASIS ASL ASO ASP . Air Raid Precautions Aircraft Factories. Armoured car. Armament Production (see also Armt P). Ammunition and stores. Air Station or Admiral Superintendent or Air Squadron (Royal Navy).

Anti-surface vessel (airborne) or air-to-surface vessel (radar). Assistant Chief Overseer. Attached. Armoured Unit Initial Training. Admiralty Trunk Exchange. Air Training Corps. Aircraftwoman or Albright & Wilson (grenade). Anti-tank (see also A/T). Advanced Vehicle Reception Park. Air Warfare Analysis Section. Auxiliary Fire Station. Assisted take-off. Army Training Memorandum. Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Army Training Instruction. Assistant to Director-General. American Technical Liaison Officer. Atmospheres (supercharger boost). Advisory Service on Welding. Assistant. Auxiliary Services Officer. All up weight (gross weight). Naval Development and Production. Research and Development. Automatic or self-loading. Australian Steam Test M. Anti-tank (see also A Tk). Augmenting charges (preceded by nomenclature bomb). Assistant Under-Secretary of State.ABBREVIATIONS AS/RD Asst Asst CO Asst to DGNOP AST ASTM ASU ASV ASW A/SWD AT A/T or AT ATA ATC ATEE At Fer O or ATFERO ATI A tk ATLO ATM ATO A Tps ATS att ATX AUG CHAR AUIT Aus AUS Auto or AUTO AUW Aux FS Aux SO AVM AVRP AVs or AVS AW AWAS 119 Assistant Superintendent. Armoured vehicles. Adviser on Steel Tubes. Air Vice-Marshal. Auxiliary Territorial Service. Army Troops (see also A Tps) or Animal Transport. Anti-Tank Experimental Establishment. Aircraft Storage Unit. of . Atlantic Ferrying Organisation. Army Troops (see also AT). Australia or Australian.

BASW British Army Staff. BBP Bulk Breaking Point. Anti-Aircraft or British Air Almanac. Bde Sigs Brigade Signal Officer.Ballistic cap. bdr Bandolier. BDE Balloon Development Establishment. Bart Baronet. Anti-zeppelin. BAB Blind approach beacon. Bde IO0 Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also BIO). BAO Base Accountant Officer. (B) Balloon Branch Officer. Aircraft Warning Service. BA British Army or British advancing (situation code) or British Association or Buildings Adviser or blind approach (apparatus). Bdr Bombardier. BAL Ballistics (see also B). Azimuth (see also Z). BAA Brigadier. BASFUZ Base fuze. BCS Battle Cruiser Squadron. bdy Boundary (see also bndy). Bays The Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards). BAD Base Ammunition Depot (or Dump) or British Admiralty Delegation. BD Base Depot or Battle Drill or bomb disposal. BDO Bombing Development Officer. Washington. Bde Brigade. BAC Brigade Ammunition Column or Base Area Commandant or British Air Commission. BBC(V) Brombenzylcyanide (viscous). BALCAP or BALL. CAP. .120 AWD AWS Ayr Yeo Az or AZ AZ B BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Acoustic warning device. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation. BAM British Air Ministry. Bomber (aeroplane) or ballistics (see also BAL) or blind (fuzes). BC Battery Commander or Balloon (or Bomber) Command or Bombing Committee or ballistic cap. Ayrshire Yeomanry. BB Bombs. BDG Bridge (reconnaissance code).

British Engineering Standards Association or Birming. Base and nose fuzed. British Naval Liaison Officer. Brigade Major or Beachmaster (see also Bmr). The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) (see also BW).. Branch Intelligence Officer or Brigade Intelligence Officer (see also Bde IO0). Beyond light repair. Battery Operations Room or British other ranks. Base Ordnance Workshop. The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. British Expeditionary Force. double ejection. Battle Headquarters. Brigade Major Royal Artillery. British Nautical Almanac. Bivouac (reconnaissance code). Brigade Ordnance Warrant Officer. Base ejection. General Staff. Battalion. Bring forward. Boundary (see also bdy). Brigadier.ABBREVIATIONS BE BEDE Bedfs Herts BEF BESA BF BFI BFPO Bg or BG BG BGS B&GS BHC BHP BHQ BIB BIO BIV BL Black Watch BLR bm or BM BM Bmr BMARC BMRA Bn BNA bndy BNF BNLO BO BOD B of T BOP BOR Border BOW BOWO BP 121 Base ejection. Board of Trade. Breechloading or base-lodged (attack of armour). Bombing and Gunnery School. Brake horsepower. British Height Correction. . The Border Regiment. ham (England) Small Arms (Company). Base Ordnance Depot. British Manufacturing and Research Company. Bomb. Brigade of Guards or box-girder (bridge). Battery Observation Post. Branch Field Post Office. . Base fuzed incendiary. Beachmaster (see also BM). Bearing. Baby incendiary bomb. Balloon Production. Blown out.

British thermal unit (see also Btu). Royal Artillery.122 BPC BPSO BQMS br BRA BRCS Brig BRL BRO BRS BR Sqn BS BSA BSD Bse BSF BSM BSO B Sup A B Sup Airfd BSW BT BT-H B Th U BTNI Btu or BTU Bty BU Bucks Buffs BUS BV BW B WKsp BWM BWO BWX or BX BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY British Purchasing Commission or British Photographic Committee or Bulk Petrol Company. Base Workshop. Broadside on. British thermal unit (see also B Th U). Bomb release line. Battery Sergeant-Major. British withdrawing (situation code) or The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment). Battle Squadron. Base Supply Airfield. Brigade Routine Order. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Base Supply Depot. Base. British Troops in Northern Ireland.Quarter=Master Sergeant. Bristol Research Establishment or bridge-laying tank. British Warrant Officer. Battery. Base Supply Aerodrome (airborne type). British Standard Fire. . Battery . Blohm & Voss. Bath Unit or Biicker (German airplane). British standard weight. Beeswax. British Thomson-Houston. Base Personnel Staff Officer. British War Medal. Brigadier. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infrantry. Bomber Transport (RAF) or ballistic temperature or bomb thrower.. Bridge or bridging or brass. Buckinghamshire Battalion. scissors type. Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron. Bus (as distinct from MET) (reconnaissance code). British Red Cross Society. Brigadier. Birmingham Small Arms (Company).

Coast Artillery Experimental Establishment. Royal Artillery. Counter-Battery Officer's Assistant. Command Chaplain. Camp (or Colonel) Commandant or Chief Constructor or Constantinesco Control or Coastal Command or chronometer correction. Captain. . Coast Artillery Searchlight. Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Counter-Battery Officer. Catering or catalogue. Company Aid (or Air) Post or chloracetophenone (tear gas). Camp Commandant (see also CC). Cavalry. Car or cemented (armour plates) or common (to naval and land service) or communications or construction or chemical. Cartridge(s). Canteen(s). Calorific value." Reserve of Air Force Officers. Chief of Aircraft Operation Research. Chief of the Air Staff or Coast Artillery School. Chief Accountant (or Area) Officer. Commander of Army Group. Coast Artillery or Chief (or Command) Accountant. Research and Experiments. Mounted men (reconnaissance code) Companion of the Order of the Bath or Chemical Board or counter-bombardment or counter-battery or confinement to barracks or centrifugal bolt.ABBREVIATIONS BZ C 123 CA C & AAEE CAC Det CAD CAEE CAFO CAGRA cal Cal Val Camb CAMCO Cameronians Camerons Camp CAN CAO CAOR CAP Capt CAR & E Cart or CART CAS CASL Cat Cav or CAV CAV CB CBBPO CBE CBO CBOA CC "CC" C Chap 519636'-43-9 Beaten Zone. Class "CC. Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Cambridgeshire Regiment. The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Coast and Anti-Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Calibre. Counter-Bombardment Battery Observation Post. Confidential Admiralty Fleet Order. Coast Artillery Co-operation Detachment. Central Ammunition Depot. Chief Adviser.

Coast Defence or Captain of Dockyard or Chemical Defence or confidential document. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Contraband Control Service Office. Chief Superintendent. Chief Flying Instructor. Chemical Defence Research Establishment. CCO CCP CCR CCRA CCS CCSO CD CDBOP CD/CH CD/CHH CD/CHL CDES Cdn CDO CDR CDRC CDRD CDRE CDRP CE CETD CF CF Claim CFI BRITISH MILITARY TJERMINOLOGY Controller. Commander. Canadian. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CHL). Chemical Defence Development. Coastal Command Development Unit. Coastal Command Liaison Section. Casualty Collecting Post. Chief of Combined Operations. Corps Royal Artillery or Colonel Commandant. . Central Flying School. Coast Defence Battery Observation Post. Chemical Defence Research Paper.124 CCDD CCDU CCI CCLS CCMA CCMRA. Chemical Defence Research. Controller of Chemical Research. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chemical Defence Research Department. Coast Defence Chain (Station). Chaplain to the Forces. Phosgene. Chief Chemical Inspector. Casualty Clearing Station. Corps Medium Royal Artillery. Chemical Defence Research Committee. Capital finance claim. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CHH). Tank Design. Cfn CFS CG Craftsman. Corps Medium Artillery. Command Dental Officer. Commander. Royal Artillery. Chief Engineer or Chief of Engineers or composition exploding (tetryl) or chemical explosive(s). Chemical Defence Experimental Station. Chief Engineer. Commander. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CH).

Military College of Science. Chief of the General Staff (in the field). Chain home beam. Chaplain. Controller-General of Research and Development. Chief Instructor of Artillery Equipment. Chief Instructor. Chief of the Imperial General Staff (at the War Office). Fire Control Instruments. Naval Ordnance. high and low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF)) (see also CD/CH). Chief Inspector of Armaments. Corps Routine Order. Chief Inspector. Combined Intelligence Committee or Chief Inspector of Clothing. Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Mechanisation. Chief Inspector of Accidents. Chief Inspector of Factory Defence. Engineers Signal Stores. Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. Chief Inspector. Cast iron. Command Headquarters. high angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for high-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHH) . The Cheshire Regiment. Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour or Chain (Station). Chief Inspector of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment. Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire or Chief Inspector of Explosives or Chief Instructor of Equipment. Signal Officer-in-Chief (formerly SO-in-C). . Chief Inspector of Gun Mountings.ABBREVIATIONS CGAP CGE CGM CGMP CGRD CGS Ch or CH CH 125 CHB Cheshire Cheshire Yeo CHH Chief Sigs CHL CHO CHQ CHS CI CIA or CI (A) CI (Accidents) CIAE CIC CIE CIEME CIESS CIFC CIFCI CIFD CIG CIGM CIGS CIM CIMC of S C-in-C CINO Controller-General of Ammunition Production. Chief Instructor. Controller-General of Economy. Chief Instructor. Clearance head space. Chain (Station). Commander-in-Chief. Controller-General of Munitions Production. Cheshire Yeomanry. low angle (coastal radio direction finder (RDF) for low-flying airplanes) (see also CD/CHL). Chief Instructor of Gunnery. Fire Control.

Searchlights or Chief Inspector of Stores. Central Ordnance Depot. Column (see also col). Care and Maintenance Party. Closed (reconnaissance code). Controlled Interception of Ships or Chief Instructor. Close Support Troop. Chief Maintenance Officer. Controller of North American Aircraft Supplies. Chief Naval Representative. Col COL Coldm Gds coin Colonel. Centimeter height finding. Captain of the Fleet. Contracts Liaison Section. Chief Inspector of Supplementary Transport. Czech Kibben-Danek (tank). Combined Operations Development Centre. Chief of Staff (see also COS). Comptroller of Merchant Shipping and Repairs. COHQ col Combined Operations Headquarters. Column (reconnaissance code). Chief Inspector of Small Arms. Common nose fuzed. Chief of Artillery. Commencement of rifling (see also CR). Cannot observe (reconnaissance code). Central Interpretation Unit. Corps of Military Police. Column (see also coin). Coastal motorboat. Coldstream Guards (The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards). Centre Line or clothing (Medical Research Committee). Clarendon Laboratory Progress Report. Companion of the Order of St. Canadian Military Liaison Officer. Cancel last message (reconnaissance code). George. Michael and St.126 CIPAD CIRES CIS CISA CIST CIU CKD CL CLM CLO CLPR C1 R CLS C1 Sp Tp CMB CME CMG CMH CMLO CMO CMP C & M Pty CMSR CMT CNAA CNF CNO CNR CO COD CODC COF C of A C of R C of S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Chief Inspector of Passive Air Defence. Corrected mean time. Close reconnaissance. Commanding Officer or Chief Overseer or Chain (Home) Overseer. Central Medical Establishment. . Chief Inspector of Royal Engineer Stores.

Correction. Command or Commander (see also Comdr) or Commandant (see also Comdt) or Commanding (see also Comdg). Cycles per second. Cordite. Cordite. Commodore. Cordite with carbamite. Commander (see also Comd). Common-pointed bell-capped (or with ballistic cap) (projectile). Committee or commission. Controller of Projectile Development. Cotangent. Communication(s). Car Post or Command Post or Contract and Purchase (Department) or contractors' purchases or chamber pressure or common-pointed (projectile) or counterpreparation. Coordinate or coordinating. Composite or component. Command Post Officer. Contractors' Purchases Record Office. Commanding (see also Comd). Controller of Physical Research and Signal Development. Controller of Ordnance Services or Chief of Staff (see also C of S) or Colonel on the Staff.ABBREVIATIONS COLO Com Comd Comdg Comdr Comdt COME Comm Comn Comp cone constr COO coord Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite Cordite corr COS Cosec Cot COW Coy CP 127 MK I MD SC W WM CPBC CPC CPD Cpl CPO CPR C Prep CPRO CPRSD CPS Combined Operations Liaison Officer. Coventry Ordnance Works. Company. Chief Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Counter-preparation. modified. Concentrate or concentration. Cordite with modified quantity of carbamite. solventless cooler. . Construction. Corporal. Chief Ordnance Officer. Cordite. Controller of Physical Research. Cosecant. original type. Common-pointed capped (projectile). Commandant (see also Comd).

Chief Superintendent. Chief Signal Officer or Civilian Salvage Organisation. Companion of the Order of the Star of India. Commander. Cathode ray tube. Calibre radius head. Commander. Radiological Inspection. Course setting bomb sight. Controller of Small Arms Ammunition Chief Superintendent. Communications Research or Central Registry or Chemical Research or commencement of rifling (see also C of R). Chief Superintendent. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. Chief Superindendent. Projectile Development Establishment. Chief Superintendent of Design or Cold Storage Depot. Air Defence Research and Development Establishment. Company Sergeant-Major. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Engines). Chief Resident Technical Officer. Cruiser (or Counter) Squadron or Capital Ship or Chief Superintendent or close support.128 CQMS CQSC CR CRA CRASC CRD CRE crh CRI CRO CRS CRT CRTO CRTO (A) CRTO (E) CS CSA CSAA CSAD CSADRDE CSAS CSBS CSD CSDIC CSED CSI csk CSKO CSM CSO CSOF CSP CSPDE CSRD BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Company Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Controller (Air Defence and) Signal Equipment Development. Corps Rest (or Camp Reception) Station or Chief of the Air Staff. Royal Artillery. Counter-sunk. Chief Resident Technical Officer (Aircraft). Chlorsulphonic acid. Chilworth smokeless powder. Commander. Controller of Research and Development or Central Repair Depot. Central Storekeeping Office. Royal Army Service Corps. Civilian Repair Organisation. Camp Quartering Staff Captain. . Corps Routine Order or. Chief Superintendent of Research Department (or Research and Development). Royal Engineers. Consultant. Armament Supply. Armaments Design. Chief Superintendent of Ordnance Factories.

Chief Works Office. Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General. Dental Branch Officer. Chemical Warfare or Commission and Warrant Branch. Communication trench or Corps Troops (see also C Tps). Director of Anti-Aircraft and Coast Defence. Penny or pence (from the Latin denarius). Deputy Adjutant or Deputy Assistant (in combination) or direct (or delayed) action. Central Trade Test Board. Controller of Tele-Communications Equipment. Royal Engineers. Chemical Warfare (Service). Chemical Warfare Troops. Carton. Deputy Assistant-Director (in combination) or Defence Aid Depot. Hundredweight. Combined Training Center or carbon tetrachloride.ABBREVIATIONS CSU CT CTC CTD CTE ctn C Tps CTS CTTB CV CVC CVD CVO Cv cw or CW CW CWO CWP CWRE CWS cwt CWT CXO CZAS d D D or "D" (D) DA DAAC DAA & CD DAAG DAA & QMG DAC DACG DAD 129 Central Statistical Unit. Composite Training School or Conversion Training School. Continuous wave. Deputy Assistant-Chaplain-General. Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Coast Watching Post. Debussing (Point). Communications Valves Development or Co-ordination of Valve Development. Companion (or Commander) of the Royal Victorian Order. Divisional Ammunition Column or Director of Army Contracts. Chemical Warfare School or Central Wireless Station. Communications valves or closed vessel. Corps Troops (see also CT). Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAQ). . Docks or delay or detonation or development or declination (see also dec). Convoy. Controller of Tank Development. Czecho-Zbrajovka Arms Syndicate. Communications Valves Committee. Chief Examining Officer.

Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Assistant-Director of Supplies or Director of Army Dental Service. Deputy Assistant-Director of Medical Services. Deputy Assistant-Director of Remounts. Director of Ammunition Production (Administratioh). Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Equipment). Deputy Assistant-Director of Transportation. Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. Deputy Adjutant-General. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Construction). Director of Ammunition Production (Shells). Deputy Assistant-Director of Hygiene. Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Aircraft. Director of Aeroplane Production Works: . Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Director of Airplane Production/Liaison Officer. Director of Aeroplane Production. Director of Army Education (or Aircraft Equipment). Director of Aircraft Equipment (Production). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Assistant Military Secretary. Deputy Assistant-Director of Marine Craft Production. Director of Aeronautical Inspection or direct action impact. Director of Air. Director of Ammunition Production (Plant). Deputy Assistant-Director of Postal Services. Director of Aircraft Production Factories (Works). Deputy Assistant-Director of Research and Development Instruments. Deputy Assistant-Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Assistant-Director of Ordnance Services.130 DAD/ATS DADG DAD/MCP DADME DADH DADMS DADOS DADPS DADR DAD/RDA DAD/RD Inst DADS DADST DADT DAE DAE(P) DAFL DAFV DAG DAI D Air (or (Air)) DAK DALM DAM DAMR DAMS DAP DAP (A) DAPF (C) DAPF (E) DAPF (W) DAP (F) DAP/LO DAP (P) DAPS DAP (S) DAPW BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Assistant-Director. Director of Allied Air Co-operation and Foreign Liaison. Director of Army Kinema Service. Deputy Assistant-Director-General (in combination). Director of Ammunition Production (Fuzes). Director of Air Materiel. Director of Army Postal Service.

Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare. Defence Commander or difficult communication or diphenylcyanarsine (nose irritant gas). Directorate of Civil Aviation Finance.ABBREVIATIONS DAQ DAQMG D Arm D D Arm P DAS DA/SRS DA/SW DA/SWD DATS DB DB Ops DBD DBP DC D/C DCA DCAF D Can DCAS DCB DCCRS. Director of Air/Sea Rescue Services. Deputy Controller. Deputy Controller. Director of Anti-Submarine Warfare Division. Distinguished Conduct Medal or District Court-Martial. Deputy Commander. The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Distant control boat. Director of Communications Development (or Compass Department). Director of Armament Production. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff. . Director of Clothing and Textiles or depth charge thrower. Deputy Chief Signal Officer. Director of Armament Development. Deputy Chief Inspector of Armaments. Director of Civil Research and Production. Dive bomber. Director of Bomb Defence or Director of Bomb Disposal. Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Master-General. Construction and Regional Service. Director of Contractors' Purchases (Materials Liaison Officer). Deputy Chief of the General Staff. Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff. General Research and Development. Distance control. Director of Clothing and Stores. Director of Armament Supply. Director of Canteen Service. Deputy Chief Engineer. Director of Balloon Production. Director of Contractors' Purchases. Royal Engineers. Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Chief Accountant. DCD DCE DCGRD DCGS DCIA DCIGS DCLI DCM DCNS DCP DCP (MLO) DCRE DCRP DCS DCSO DCT 131 Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General (see also DAA & QMG). Director of Bombing Operations. Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff.

Deputy Director-General of Ordnance Factories (Explosives). Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG/TS). Deputy Director of Contracts (Air Ministry). Design Department Guns. Deputy Director of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Sub-Contracting). Deputy Director of Armament Production. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Trainer). . Deputy Director of Accounts. Deputy Director of American Liaison and Munitions. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Production (F). Deputy Director-General of Mechanisation. Deputy Director of Chemical Defence (Research and Development). Deputy Director of Armament Development (Guns). Deputy Director-General of Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services. Deputy Director-General of Aeronautical Inspection. Deputy Director of Airplane Production (Stirling). Deputy Director of Armament Development. Deputy Director-General of Naval Co-operation. Deputy Director of Aeroplane Development (Bombs). Deputy Director of Balloon Production. Deputy Director of Equipment. Deputy Director (in combination). Design Department Carriages. Deputy Director of Aircraft Safety. Deputy Director of Army Requirements. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment Production. Deputy Director-General of Production. Deputy Director of Air Tactics. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Director-General of Civil Aviation. Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment (Electrical). Auxiliary Territorial Service. Deputy Director of Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Deputy Director.132 DC/W DD DDA DDAAC DDAE DDAE (E) DDAEP DDAFV DDAI DDALM DDAF (F) DDAP (S) DDAP (S-C) DDAP (T) DDAR DD Arm D DD Arm D (B) DD Arm D (G) DD Arm P DDAS DDAT DDATS DDBP DDC DDC (AM) DDCD DDE DDG DDGAI DDGCA DDG/CD (R) DDGE DDG of M DDGMS DDG of TS DDGNC DDGOF (X) DDGP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deci-metre waves. Deputy Director of Allied Air Co-operation. Deputy Director of Communications Development.

Deputy Director-General of Tank Development. Deputy Director of Medical Services. Deputy Director of Postings. Deputy Director of Ordnance Services. Operations Division. Deputy Director of Operations (Naval Co-operation). Deputy Director of Operational Services and Intelligence. Deputy Director of Ground Technical School. Deputy Director of Organisation. Deputy Director of Operational Requirements. Deputy Director of Signals (Wireless Intelligence). Deputy Director-General of Tank Supply (see also DDG of TS). Deputy Director of Signals (Air Communications).ABBREVIATIONS DDG/REE DDG/TD DDGTS DDG/TS DDGX DDH DDHG DDHO DDI DDI Arm DDIP DD Inst P DDL DDME DDMI DDMO DD Mov DDMP DDMS DDMT DDO D Docks DDOD DD of M DD of P DD of S(1) DD of S(4) DD of SI DDO (MT) DD of T (Arms) DDONC DDOP DDOR DDOS DDOSI DD Photos DD Plans (JP) 133 Deputy Director-General for Royal Engineer Equipment. Deputy Director of Instrument Production. Deputy Director-General of 'Explosives. Deputy Director of the Meteorological Office or Deputy Director of Military Operations. Deputy Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Deputy Director of Intelligence. Deputy Director of Photography. Deputy Director of Training (Armaments). Deputy Director. Deputy Director of Military Training. . Deputy Director of Mechanical Engineering. Deputy Director of Signals (Radio Services). Deputy Director of Labor or Design Department Laboratory. Deputy Director of Military Intelligence. Deputy Director of Hygiene. Deputy Director of Plans (Joint Planning). Deputy Director of Mat6riel Production. Director of Docks Service. Deputy Director of Organisation Planning. Deputy Director of Organisation (Mechanical Transport). Deputy Director of Information and Propaganda. Deputy Director of Movements. Deputy Director of Operations (Home). Deputy Director of the Home Guard. Deputy Director of Armaments Inspection.

Deputy Director (Quarter-Master Maintenance). Deputy Director of Research Development Aircraft. Deputy Director of Technical Development. Deputy Director of Flying Training (Armament). Deputy Director of Signals. Decontamination. Deputy Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Royal Artillery. Director of Education Department. Director of Electrical Engineering.134 DD Plans (Op) DDPR DDPS DD (Q Maint) DDRA DD/RDA DD/RDE DD/RD (Inst) DD/RD (Q) DD/RD (T) DDRM DDRP DDSD DDSD (W) DD Sigs DDSIP DDSM DDSR (Arm) DDST DDTA DDT (Arm) DDTD DDTF DDTS DDTT DDV DDW DDWO DE DEA dec decn DED DEDP DEE def DE-in-C DEL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Deputy Director of Plans (Operational). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Equipment Installation). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Technical Investigation). Deputy Director of Research and Development (Instruments). Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance. Deputy Director of Public Relations. Director of Expense Accounts or Development Engine Accessories. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Deputy Director of Flying Training. Deputy Director of Research Development Engines. Deputy Director of Vehicles. Deputy Director of Radio Production. Deputy Director of Weapons. Deputy Director of Scientific Research (Armaments). Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Defence electric light. Deputy Director of Personal Services. Deeply (or double) engraved (driving band) or development engine. Deputy Director of the Territorial Army. Director of Engine Development and Production. Deputy Engineer-in-Chief. Deputy Director of War Organisation. Deputy Director of Technical Training (Schools). . Declination (see also D). Deputy Director of Signals Installation Progressing. Deputy Director of Supplies and Transport. Deputy Director of Technical Training. Defensive or defence or defended.

ABBREVIATIONS DEMS DEP Dep Sec Dept Derby Yeo DES Dest Det detn Devon DEWD DF D/F DFC DFDS DFF DFM DFO DF Ops DFP

135

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DFT DFW DG 3 DG 4/7 DG 5 Innis DG DGAD DGAE DGAMS DGAP DGAPF DGAR DGCA DG & CP DGD DGD (Admiralty) DGE

Defensively equipped merchant ships. Director of Engine Production. Deputy Secretary. Department. Derbyshire Yeomanry. Director of Educational Services or Director of Engineer Stores Service. Destroyer. Detachment. Detention. The Devonshire Regiment. Director of Economic Warfare Division. Direction-finding (by radio) or defensive fire or dispersal of factories or Destroyer Flotilla. Direction finder (range tables). Distinguished Flying Cross. Director of Factory Defence Section. Director of Filling Factories. Distinguished Flying Medal. Dispersal of Factories Organisation. Director of Fighter Operations. Defended post (reconnaissance code) or dust forming propensity. Director of Flying Training. Director of Fortifications and Works. Dragoon Guards or Director-General (in combination). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Director-General of Aircraft Distribution. Director-General of Army Equipment (or Aircraft Equipment). Director-General of Army Medical Services. Director-General of Ammunition Production (or Aircraft Production). Director-General of Aircraft Production Factories. Director-General of Army Regiments (or Requirements). Director-General of Civil Aviation. Director of Gun and Carriage Production. Director of Ground Defence. Director of Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Division, Admiralty. Director-General of Equipment.

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DGEP DGES DGESO DGGA DGH DGHG & TA DG Mech E DGMP DGMS Dgn DGNDP DGO DGOF DG of E DGP DGPAE DGR DGRD DGR & E DGS DGS & P DGSS DGTD DG Tn DGTP DGW DGW & E DGWP DG (WP) DGX DH DHCA D Hgs DHO DHP dia DIBT DID DIG DINO D Inst P

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director-General of Engine Production. Director-General of Equipment and Stores. Director-General of Emergency Services Organisation. Director-General of Gun Ammunition. Director of Greenwich Hospital. Director-General of the Home Guard and Territorial Army. Director-General of the Mechanical Equipment. Director-General of Munitions Production. Director-General of Medical Services. Dragoon. Director-General, Naval Development Production. Director-General of Organisation. Director-General of Ordnance Factories. Director-General of Economy. Director-General of Programmes. Director-General of Production Aircraft Equipment. Director of Graves Registration. Director-General of Research and Development. Director of Graves Registration and Enquiries. Director of General Stores. Director-General of Statistics and Programmes. Director-General of Supply Services. Director-General of Tank Design. Director-General of Transportation. Director-General of Tank Production. Director-General of Works. Director-General of Welfare and Education. Director-General of Weapons and Instruments Production. Director-General of Production and Supply (Weapons). Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Director of Hygiene (see also D of H). Director of Home Civil Aviation. Director of Hirings Service. Director of Home Operations. Director of Hydrogen Production. Diameter (see also dmr). Dark ignition, bright trace. Detail Issue Depot. Digging (reconnaissance code) Deputy Inspector of Naval Ordnance. Director of Instrumental Production.

ABBREVIATIONS DIO Dir Director OD DIS Dis P or Dis pt Dist Dist R Div DIWT DJAG DL D Lab or DLAB DLB DLDD D Lds DLI DLO Yeo DL Ry DM DMB DMC . DME DMI DMM DMO DMO & P D Mov DMP dmr DMS DMT DMWD DNA DNAD DNC DNE DNF DNI DNLE DNMS

137

District Intelligence Officer Director (aiming circle). Director, Operations Division (see also DOD) Director of Investigation and Statistics. Dispersal Point. District. Distant reconnaissance. Division or divisional. Director of Inland Water Transport Service. Deputy Judge-Advocate-General. Director of Labour (see also D of L) or dead load. Director of Labour (Service). Dummy live burster. Director of Local Defence Division. Director of Lands Service. The Durham Light Infantry. Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Director of Light Railways. Diphenylaminechlorarsine (toxic). Duty motorboat. Director of Military Co-operation (or Maintenance Command). Director of Mechanical Engineering. Director of Military Intelligence. Director of Mechanical Maintenance. Director of Military Operations (or the Meteorological Office). Director of Military Operations and Plans. Director of Movements. Director of Material Production. Diameter (see also dia). Director of Medical Services (or Mine Sweeping) Director of Military Training (or Machine Tools). Director of Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Director of Naval Accounts. Director of Naval Air Division. Director of Naval Construction. Director of Naval Equipment. Director of Narrow Fabrics. Director of Naval Intelligence. Director of Naval Land Equipment. Director of Naval Meteorological Service.

138
DNO DNPL DNR DNSD DNT DO DOCA DOD DOF D of A D of C D of D D of E D of F D of H D of I D of I (0) D of I (S) D of L D of LD D of M D of N D of 0 (or Organ) D of Ops D of P D of Plans D of R D of S D of SA & A D of ST. D of STCJ & G D of TD D of V D of W DONC Don R DOO DOR DORA Dorset DOS DOSI

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

Director of Naval Operations (or Ordnance). Director of the National Physical Laboratory. Director of Naval Recruiting. Did not self-destroy. Dinitrotoluene. Drill order or Dornier (German airplane). Director of Overseas Civil Aviation. Director, Operations Division (see also Director OD). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Artillery (or Accounts). Director of Contracts (or Camouflage). Director of Dockyards. Director of Equipment (or Establishments). Director of Ordnance Factories. Director of Hygiene (see also DH). Director of Intelligence. Director of Intelligence (Operations). Director of Intelligence (Security). Director of Labour. Director of Local Defence (Division). Director of Mechanisation (or Manning). Director of Navigation. Director of Organisation (see also D of Organ). Director of Operations. Director of Postings (or of Plans (see also D of Plans)) (or of Petsonnel). Director of Plans (see also D of P). Director of Radio. Director of Signals. Director of Small Arms and Ammunitionf. Director of Sea Transport. Director of Small Tools, Cutters, Jigs and Gauges. Director of Trade Division. Director of Victualling. Director of Works (see also DOW and DW). Director of Operations (Naval Co-Operation). Despatch rider (see also DR). Director of Operations (Overseas). Director of Operational Requirements. Defense of the Realm Act. The Dorsetshire Regiment. Director of Ordnance Services. Director of Operational Services and Intelligence.

Deputy Principal Technical Costs Officer. Deputy Director of Staff Duties. Director of Production and Development of Engine Accessories. Directional radio. Deputy Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). Director of Reuniting and Mobilisation (or Raw Materials or Repair and Maintenance). Director of Personal Services. Director of Postal Services. Director of Repair and Maintenance (Civil). Director of Royal Aircraft Establishments. Depot. Director of Military Operations (Plans) (see also DP). Director of Pre-Entry Training. 10 . Director of Printing and Stationery Services. Driver (see also Dvr) or drummer. Director of Purchases (or Production). Director of Press Division. Despatch Rider Letter Service. Double parachute link. Deputy Provost-Marshal. Director of Public Relations. Director of Planning Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Deputy Quarter-Master-General. Delivery (or Disperal) Point or Director of Postings (or Plans or Priority) or dust present or diamond pyramid (hardness). Deputy Proof and Experimental Officer. Diphenylamine. Deputy Press and Publicity Officer. Director of Pathology. Canadian and American. Director of Physical Training and Sports. Distant-reading compass (German). DR D/R or DR DRA DRC DR Comp D Remounts DRLS DRM DRM (C) 519636--43 Despatch rider (see also Don R) or Department of Research or disc ring or dead reckoning. Director of Remounts. Director of Quartering.ABBREVIATIONS DOT DOW DP DPA D Path DPCA DPD DPDEA D/P & EO DPET DPL DPLAE D Plans DPM Dpo or DPO D Post DPPO DPR DPS DPSD DPSD(W) DPSS DPTCO DPTS DQ DQMG DPW Dr or DR 139 Director of Operational Training. Director of Works. Director of Prisoners of War.

Director of Railways. Director of Staff Duties (or Signal Department). DTD (MAP) Director of Technical Development (Ministry of Aircraft Production). DSB DSC Distinguished Service Cross or Director of Sub-Contracting. D Vets & Remounts Director of Veterinary Services and Remounts. Director of Staff Duties (Weapons). DVO Director of Voluntary Organisations. DTM DTMA Director of Technical and Military Administration.140 DRM (S) DRO DRP DRR Lab DRS D Ry or DRY DS BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Director of Repair and Maintenance (Service). DTP DTSD Director of Training and Staff Duties. D Sigs DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. DTT DUBD Director of Unexploded Bomb Department. Director of Radio Production. D Sal Director of Salvage. DSD DSD (M of S) Director of Stores and Distribution (Ministry of Supply). DST Director of Supplies and Transport. DSM Distinguished Service Medal or Director of Servicing and Maintenance. Divisional Rest Station or Director of Repair Service. Director of Tank Production. DWAAF . Director of Technical Training. Director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force. D Svy DTD Director of Tank Design (or Technical Development or Trade Division or Theoretical Design). Divisional Routine Orders or Daily Routine Order. DUS Deputy Under-Secretary of State. DSD (W) Director of Signals (see also DS). Director of Torpedoes and Mining. D Tn DTO Director of Operational Training. DSRE Director of Scientific Research and Experiment. Director of Transportation. Director of Signals (see also D Sigs) or Dressing Station or dental surgery. DW Director of Works (see also D of W and DOW). DVS Director of Veterinary Services. Duty steamboat. DSO Distinguished Service Order. DSR Director of Scientific Research. Director of Survey. Director of Road Research Laboratory.

E Lan R Director of War Organisation. Director of Weapons and Vehicles. Experimental Demolition Establishment. The East Lancashire Regiment. Empire Gallantry Medal (i. Electrical Engineer. Expeditionary Force or elevation finder. Elementary (or engineering) exercises without troops. Equivalent full rounds. Equipment Depot. Elementary Flying Training School. Exchequer and Audit Department. Director of Weapons Production. Engineer Captain (Royal Navy). Efficiency decoration or electric deposition. Enemy aircraft. Estimates Branch or echelon (see also Ech) or engines or engineer (see also Engr) or engineering or equipment or electrical or east or equation (of time).. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding). Equivalent constant wind. Equipment Branch Officer. Equivalent full charges. Equipment and Accounting Training School. for Gallantry). Extended Defence Officer. Enemy bomber. Experimental Bridging Establishment. The Medal of the Order of the British Empire. Echelon (see also E). Dropping zone (paratroops). Director of Explosives. Engineer-in-Chief. Expeditionary Force Institutes. . Explosive incendiary bomb. Earth-filled saturation (degassing). Extended Defence Commander. Electric light. Director of Warlike Stores. Engineer Admiral for Personnel. Directorate of Experiments and Staff Requirements. e. Emergency Ammunition Depot. External Ballistics Department.ABBREVIATIONS DWO DWP DWR DWS DWV DX 1 DXSR DZ E 141 (E) EA or E/A EAD E & AD EAP E & ATS E/B EBD EBE EC Ech ECW ED EDC EDE EDO E Dpo EE EEWT EF EFC EFI EFRs EFS EFTS EGM EIB E-in-C EI.

Engine Production or engine propellants. Employment. Electric Light Observation Post. Engine Room Assistant. Emergency Transport Pool. Engine (reconnaissance code) Engineer (see also E). Eqpt 0 E/R ERA E Riding Yeo ERS ES ESO Essex est ES & T ETOUSA ETP Eva or EVA EW/TDD excl E Yorks BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Embodiment Loan. Elevation/range. East Riding Yeomanry. Embarkation Medical Officer. Establish or establishment. Explosives Storage and Transport European Theatre of Operations (USA). Engineer Vice-Admiral. Electrical and Mechanical Engineer(s). Embarkation Staff Officer or Emergency Services Organisation. Excavation and maintenance or electrical and mechanical. Embodiment Loan Control Officer Engineer (or Electrical (see also El L Cr)) LieutenantCommander. Engineer Stores. Fuzes or fighter (aeroplane) or fragmentation or fulminate (of mercury). Electric and Percussion. Education (or Engineer) Officer or emergency operations or explosion only. Extra-mural. The Essex Regiment. . Equipment Officer. Engine Repair Section. Experimental Wing Tank Designs Department. The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own). Ministry of Aircraft Production. Emergency Powers Committee. Exclusive or exclude or excluding.142 EL/MAP EL/CO EL Cr El L Cr ELO ELOP EM E &M EME EMO emp ENG Engr Ensa or ENSA EO EP E &P EPC eqpt. Electrical Lieutenant-Commander (see also El Cr). Entertainments National Services Association. Equipment. Electric Light Officer.

Fleet Accountant Officer. Forward area sight. Field Ambulance. Facing (reconnaissance code). Female Auxiliary Nursing Yeomanry. Factory Defence Section or Field Dressing Station. Fire Control School. Field Squadron. Fighter Development Unit.ABBREVIATIONS FA FAA FAD FAE FAM FANY FAO Far FAS' FASL FASO FAT FAVO FB 143 Financial Adviser or fixed ammunition or Frankford Arsenal or fully automatic. Field Hygiene Section. Fighter Command Intelligence Summary. Fighter dive-bomber. Fleet Air Arm (or Armament). Farrier. Field. Fleet Dental Officer. Free aerial mine. . Field artillery tractor. Field Battery. Field Butchery and Cold Storage Depot. Field Brigade. Field Company. Fire direction table. Forced landing. Fleet Engineer Officer. Fleet Aviation Officer. Fleet Adviser on Education. Field Bakery. Fire Control. Fleet Construction Officer. FBE FBt Folding boat equipment. Forward Air Support Link. Flying boat (see also FB) FC F/C FCG FCIS FCO FCPB FCS fd Fd Amb FDB Fd Bchy Fd Bde Fd Bky Fd Bty Fd Coy Fd Hyg Sec Fd Imp FDL Fd ldg FDO FDS Fd Sqn FDT FDU FEO Flag Captain or Fire Commander or Fighter Command or foundation cap. Field imprisonment. Fleet Anti-Submarine Officer. Field Ammunition Dump. Fire Control Plotting Board. Flying boat (see also F Bt) or fighter-bomber. Forward (or foremost) defended localities.

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FEP FF FFC

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BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Field Engineering Pamphlet. Fleet fighter or fire fighting or field force. Field Force Consumption (Rate) (a long-term procurement unit) or fuze factor correction. Fleet Fighter Reconnaissance. Fife and Forfarshire Yeomanry. Field General Court-Martial. Field Gunnery Officer. Firing interval or flash ignition or Fieseler. Fuze, instantaneous detonating. Fighter Interception Unit. Flag Lieutenant or Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Leader. Anti-aircraft (from the German "Flieger- or Flug(zeug)abwehrkanone") (see also AA and Ack-ack). Flares, ground, red. Fuze lead instrument. Fleet Liaison Officer. Flotilla. Flight. Flight Lieutenant (see also Fit Lt). Flight Commander. Flight Lieutenant (see also F/Lt). Flight Sergeant. Field-Marshal. Field Maintenance Center (or Corps). Formation. Fleet Medical Officer. Flashless non-hygroscopic (powder). Fleet Navigating Officer. Field (or Flag or Flying or Flight) Officer. Flag Officer Commanding. Figure of merit. Factor of safety. Fitting-Out Gun Mounting Officer. Fitting-Out Giunnery Office. Flag Officer in Charge. Forward Observation (or Observing) Officer. Forward Observation Post or future operational planning. The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). Firing (or Flash) Point. TNT.

FFR FF Yeo FGCM FGO FI FID FIU FL F/L Flak FLARED FLI FLO Flot Fit F/Lt Fit Comdr Fit Lt Fit Sgt FM FMC Finn FMO FNH FNO FO FOC F of M F of S FOGMO FOGO FOIC FOO FOP Foresters FP FP 02

ABBREVIATIONS
FP & M Fishery Protection and Mine Sweeping.

145

FPO FPP FPR FPRC FQ device FR or F/R Freq FRMO Frt
fs or FS

Fire Prevention (or Fleet Photographic) Officer. Ferry Pools of Pilots. Fortress Plotting Room. Flying Personnel Research Committee. Short range A/S detector Fighter Reconnaissance (Fleet Air Arm). Frequency. Fleet Royal Marine Officer. Fortress.
Feet per second or flash spotting (see also F Sp) or full

FS FSA FSC FSD F Sgt FSM FSMO FSO FSO or FS Offr FS Offr/Sec
F Sp

scale or flutter starting or field security or forged steel. Field Service (or Security). Fleet Signal Assistant. Full Service Charge. Field Supply Depot or field service dressing. Flight Sergeant. Field Service Manual. Field Service Marching Order. Fleet Signal Officer. Field Security Officer. Field Security Officer Section.
Flash spotting (see also fs).

FSPB F Sqn FSR FSS
FS Sec

Field Service Pocket Book. Fighter Squadron. Field Service Regulations. Fixed Signal Services or Field Security Section (see also FS Sec).
Field Security Section (see also FSS).

FSTC FSU FT ft FTB FTC FTO FTS FUP Fus FW FWA fwd FWD

Field Security Training Center. Field Surgical Unit. Flame thrower. Foot or feet. Fleet torpedo bomber. Flying Training Command. Fleet Torpedo Officer. Flying Training School. Forming-up place. Fusilier. Focke-Wulf. Fleet Wireless Assistant. Forward. Four-wheel drive.

146
FWO FZE G G or "G" (G) G1 G2 G3 GAF GAT GB GBE GC GCB

BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Fleet Wireless Officer. Fuze (proximity). General (see also Gen) or gunnery or glider. General Staff or Contract Branch. Air Gunner Officer. General Staff Officer, Grade 1 (see also GSO 1). General Staff Officer, Grade 2 (see also GSO 2). General Staff Officer, Grade 3 (see also GSO 3). German Air Force. Greenwich apparent time. Greenwood and Batley. Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. George Cross or Group Captain or guncotton. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath or concentration of hostile batteries in action (reconnaissance code). Ground controlled interception or ground communications interceptor. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. General Court-Martial. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Gun Control Officer. Good commercial quality (brass). Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Greenwich civil time. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Guard. General duties or greatest difference or Greenwich date. Gun defended area. Guardsman. General Electric Company. General. General (rank) (see also G). General Hospital. Picric acid. Gun fire target. Greenwich hour angle. General Headquarters..

GCI GCIE GCM GCMG GCO GCQ GCSI GCT GCVO Gd GD GDA Gdsm GEC gen Gen Gen Hosp GF 88 GF Tar GHA GHQ

ABBREVIATIONS GI/GA GIO GL GLE GL Mark Glider tps Glosters gm or GM GM GMT GNF Gnr GNS GO GOC (-in-C) GOR Gordons Gp GP Gp (C) (Comdr) GPI GPO GPOA Gr GR Green Howards Gren or GREN Gren Gds Greys GRI Grn GRO GRS GRU GS GSC

147

Ordnance Stores (Ironmongery). Gas Identification Officer. Gun- (or) ground- laying or gun light (radio direction finding). Gun-laying equipment. Gun-laying finder. Gliderborne troops. The Gloucestershire Regiment Ground-maximum (horsepower). George Medal or gunmetal. Greenwich mean time. Guns now firing (reconnaissance code). Gunner (see also Gr). Guns in action, but not firing (reconnaissance code). General order or gas operated or Gunnery Officer. General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief). Gun Operations Room. The Gordon Highlanders. Group. General purpose or gun powder. Group (Captain) (Commander). Ground Position Indicator. Gun Position Officer or General Post Office (London). Gun Position Officer Assistant. Gunner (see also Gnr). Graves or general reconnaissance (airplane) or George Rex (George, King). The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment). Grenade. Grenadier Guards (The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards). The Royal Scots Greys (2d Dragoons). George Rex et Imperator (George, King and Emperor). Garrison. General routine order. General Reconnaissance School. Gunnery Research Unit. General Service or General Staff. General Service Corps or Greenwich sidereal chronometer.

High explosive.-148 GSI GSGS GSO GSO 1 GSO 2 GSO 3 GST G (Trg) GTS GW H 3H 4H 7H 8H 10H 11H 13/18H 14/20H 15/19H HA HAA HAB HAC Hallams Hamps HAUD Hav or HAV HB H&B HC HCD HCE HD Hd HDML HDT He or HE HE HEAP HEAPIT BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY General Staff Intelligence. . Hexachloroethane (smoke). 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. Head. General Staff. Geographical Section. Heinkel. or mark). Heavy bomber. Grade 2 (see also G2). High explosive. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). York and Lancashire Regiment. 14th/20th Hussars. General Staff Officer. Training. armour-piercing. Head and breast (telephone set). Hallamshire Battalion. Glider Training School. High capacity (bomb) or height computed. 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). Gross weight or Government property (stamp. Greenwich sidereal time. Haversine. The Honourable Artillery Company. Hussars or hygiene or height. General Staff Officer. General Staff Officer. Heavy anti-aircraft. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. High current density. Grade 3 (see also G3). Horse. Grade 1 (see also Gi). High explosive or horizontal equivalent or hammerless ejector or hydrophone effect. High angle upper deck. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. label. 13th/18th Hussars. Horse-drawn transport (reconnaissance code). High-altitude bombing. armour-piercing incendiary tracer.(or hand-) drawn or Harbour (or Home) Defence. Harbour Defence Motor Launch. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. High angle. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. General Staff Officer. The Hampshire Regiment.

His Majesty's Ship (or Service).ABBREVIATIONS HEC HEDA HEDELAY HEGRAZ HEIT Hereford Herts HES HET HETF or HETIM. High power or horsepower or hospital pattern or horizontal parallax. Hexagon. Heavy Glider Training Unit. High explosive graze fuze with delay. High explosive delayed-action (fuze). . Highest possible score. High frequency detector. Harassing (or hostile) fire or Home Fleet. Hotchkiss (ammunition). Herefordshire Regiment. High frequency (in combination). His (Her) Imperial Majesty. His (Her) Imperial Highness. High explosive time fuze. Mustard gas and lewisite. High explosive graze fuze. His Majesty's Australian Ship. Hotchkiss gun or Home Guard. High explosive tracer. Hospital. Hertfordshire Regiment. Hex HF H/F or HF HFD HF/DF HFO HFRT HG HGS HGTU HIH HIM HL HLI HM HMAS HMCS HMIS HMS HMSAS HM (V) HND HO H of RD HOR Hosp HOTCH How HP HPS 149 High Explosive Committee. Hexanitrodiphenylamine or hexanite. Head of the Research Department. High explosive incendiary tracer. High frequency direction finder (or finding) (radio receiving set). Height observed (observed altitude). Mustard gas/monochlorbenzene (viscous). His (Her) Majesty or His (Her) Majesty's. High explosive substitute (or shell). High frequency radio telephone. Howitzer. Horses (reconnaissance code). High frequency oscillator. The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment). His Majesty's Canadian Ship. His Majesty's South African Ship. Hirings. His Majesty's Indian Ship.

Medium Artillery. Intermediate Ammunition Depot or inspection after IAD delivery. IAS Inner Artillery Zone. HRH Holding and Reconsignment Point. USA Headquarters. (I) Immediate action or Indian Army (see also Ind A) or IA . IAOC Inspector of Armament or Inspection Armament. HSL Viscous mustard gas. S. sextant (sextant altiHS tude). HQETO. HSV High tension or heat-treated or high voltage or horse HT transport or height (in feet above sea level). High terminal velocity. S. S. Royal Artillery. Army Service Forces. HV Heavy. IARO Indicated air speed. Services of Supply. HQRA Hour. USA Army. H & RP Heavy Repair Shop or Home Resources Station. Army. HRS Haenschel. HQMA HQSOSETO. HQ HQASFETO. inspection aircraft.MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Headquarters (and in combination). Hs or HS Hispano (car or engine) or height. HTV High velocity. Army (now HQASFETO. U. . hr His (Her) Royal Highness. HQBA Headquarters. European Theater of Operations. Headquarters. European Theater of Operations. Base Area.150 BRITISH. U. HSB High speed launch. Hy Hygiene or hygrometer. USA Headquarters. IAZ Infantry Brigade or internal ballistics or invasion barges IB or incendiary bomb. USA). Indian (or Italian) Air Force. IAF Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Headquarters. I Arm Indian Army Reserve of Officers. "I" Intelligence Officer. U. Hyg Intelligence (see also Int) or incendiary or instruments I or inspection. Infantry (tank). Hard strength brass (or bronze). European Theater of Operations. Headquarters.

ABBREVIATIONS IBD IBEN i/c IC 151 Inspection before delivery. Imperial Chemical Industries. Indian Civil Service or Inspection Common Services. Inspection Marine Craft. Infantry. Indian Hospital Corps. Imprisonment with hard labour. Incendiary bomb explosive nose. . ICA ICI ICS IDC IE IFC IFF IG IGF & DBD IGN SAFE IGUK IHC I Inst ILS IM IMC IMCAV Impt HL IMS IMT IMTV in INC incl Ind IND Ind A Inspector. India or Indian. Indicating Net Defence. Identification friend or foe. Men (reconnaissance code) or information. Instructor of Gunnery or Irish Guards (The Irish Regiment of Foot Guards) or Inspector-General or ignition. Igniter's safety fuze. Intelligence Corps (see also Int Corps) or internal com- bustion or instrument correction or in charge of (see also i/c). Inspector-General. Indep inf Inf INF Independent. Maintenance. Inspection. Inch. Initial equipment or incendiary explosive or inspection engines or index error. Coast Artillery. United Kingdom. Indian Medical Service. Imperial Defence College. In charge or in charge of (see also IC) or inclusive (see also incl). Inspectorate of Mechanical Transport Vehicles. Indicator Loop Station. Inspection Materials. Include or including or inclusive (see also i/c). and Care of Army 'Vehicles (book). Instructor of Fire Control. Inspection Instruments. Indian Army (see also IA). Inspection Mechanical Transport. Inspector-General of Fortifications and Director of Bomb Disposal. Incendiary. Information or informed.

. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Indian Troops or Infantry Tanks. Initial Training School. Intelligence Officer. Inter-Service Topographical Department. Searchlights or Independent Squadron or in service. Joint Airworthiness Committee. Instantaneous. Inspection Stores Works. Quarter-Master-General's Service. Inter Service Information Series. Intelligence Officer. Joint Intelligence Staff. India rubber vulcanized. Inspector. Instrument Production. Infantry Training Centre (or Corps). Instructions to proceed. Companion of the Imperial Service Order or Intelligence. Instructor (see also Instr). Joint planning or Justice of the Peace. Installations. type A. Isle of Wight. Inspection Stores Engineering. Inland Water Transport.152 5 Innis DG Innisks I Note INO(W) Inst INST INSTAL A Inst P Instr Int Int Corps Intercomn IO I00 IORA IORE IOW IP IPS IQMGS IR IRA IRV IS ISC ISE ISIS ISO ISTD ISW IT ITC ITP ITS ITW IWT JAC JAG JIC JIS JP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY 5th -Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Instruction or instructor (see also Inst). Intelligence Corps (see also IC) Intercommunication. Royal Engineers. Intelligence (see also I). Inspecting Ordnance Officer. Staff (Operations). Royal Artillery. Indian Staff Corps or Inspection Stores Clothing. Inspection note. Immediate Receiver (or Reserve) or infra red. Naval Ordnance (Woolwich). Joint Intelligence Committee. Judge Advocate-General. Irish Republican Army. Instruction for Practice Seawards. Initial Training Wing. Inspection Stores or Instructor. Inspector. Indian pattern (tent) or instructional print. Intelligence Officer or Indication Officer.

ABBREVIATIONS JTC Ju or JU june KB KBE KBS KCB KCIE KCMG kc/s or KC/S KCSI KCVO KDG Kensingtons KG KHM King's King's Own 153 Junior Training Corps. Light anti-aircraft. Legal Branch Officer. Michael and St. Junction. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. Knight of the Garter. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Knight Commander of the Order of St. Ethyliodoacetate. King's Regulations. KJ KNS KOSB KOYLI KP KR KRRC KSK KSLI Kt KT L 9L 12L 16/5L 17/21L (L) £ LA LAA LAC LAD Stannic chloride. Patrick. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster). Kite balloon or Knight Bachelor or King's Bench. Kensington Regiment. Lancers or Load and Labour (Branch) or lewisite or light -(weight of fuzes) or line-telegraphy (see also LT) or lead or latitude (see also Lat). The King's Regiment (Liverpool). Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. Junkers. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. 17th/21st Lancers. Light automatic or lead azide. Knight of St. 16th/5th Lancers. Pound (monetary unit). 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. King's Harbour Master. 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). Light Aid Detachment. Kilocycles. The King's Royal Rifle Corps. The King's Own Scottish Borderers. Leading Aircraftman or lead azide composite. George. 1st King's Dragoon Guards. King's Norton Solution. Knight of the Thistle. . The King's Shropshire Light Infantry. Knight. Kite Balloon Section.

Landing craft support (medium). Local Defence Volunteers (Home Guard). Lower Establishment Division. Landing craft barge (mechanised). The Lancashire Fusiliers or lead fuze. Landing craft barge (dumb). Lever. Pound. Landing craft flak (barge). Land Defence Force. Landing. Landing craft personnel (medium). Low frequency. Local apparent time. . Lorry command vehicle or landing craft vehicle. Lance-Corporal. Light case or light (or liquid) charged or low capacity or Line (or Lines) of Communication (see also L of C). Lead dinitroresorcinate. Landing craft infantry (large). Latitude (see also L). Landing craft motor (or mechanised). Landing craft. Lanarkshire Yeomanry. Landing craft assault. Lift and force (pump). Landing craft tanks. Landing craft support (large). navigational. Landing craft personnel (large). Leicestershire Yeomanry. Lance-Bombardier. Landing craft personnel (ramped). Pounds per horsepower hour. Landing craft support (small). breech mechanism. Labour or light bomber. Leader. Landing craft support (barge). Long delay or light draught or land(s) or local date. Landing craft flak barge (large). Landing craft infantry (small). Landing craft personnel (small).154 LAM Lanark Yeo Lat LAT lb LB L Bdr or L/Bdr LB/HP/HR LBM LC LCA LCB (D) LCB (M) LCF LCF (B) LCF (L) LCI (L) LCI (S) LCM LCN L Cpl or L/Cpl LGP (L) LCP (M) LCP (R) LCP (S) LCS (B) LCS (L) LCS (M) LCS (S) LCT LCV LD LDF Ldg LDNR Ldr LDV LE Div Leicester Yeo LF L/F L &F BRITISHI MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Long aerial map. Landing craft flak.

LS Landing ship dock. LS & GC Lance-Sergeant. Lieut Lieutenant-Commander. LO Left out of battle. LMG Local mean time. LSG Long Service and Good Conduct (Medal). Long The Lothian and Border Horse. LSI (C) 519636o---43--11 .) Lond Scot Longitude (see also Lo). Litenanti'alel-i'-i-harge of Administration. Log or LOG London Scottish (Regiment. Lo or LO Liaison Officer. LMT Longitude (see also Long). LRO Light Repair Section (or Service). LP Lord Privy Seal. Lothians Lovat Scouts. LOB Line (or Lines) of Communications (see also LC) or L of C list of changes. Light machine gun. LGS Wagon Lighthouse or left hand. LRB Long Range Desert Group. LRS Land (or Light) Service or light series. LOX The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire). Lieut Cmdr The Lincolnshire Regiment. Logarithm. LHA Local hour angle (east). LSD Landing ship (gantry). Loyals Low power or local purchases. LIR Liverpool Scottish Regiment. LH Local hour angle. LPS Light railway(s). LGA Limbered general service wagon. L Sgt or L/Sgt Landing ship infantry (converted). LRDG Lands Requisitioning Officer. Livpl Scot Very light (weight of fuzes) or low limit or Lend-Lease LL or local limb. Lincolns London Irish Rifles. LHA(E) Library.ABBREVIATIONS LG 155 The Life Guards or Lewis gun or landing gsround or Lieutenant-General. LR London Rifle Brigade. Lib Lieutenant (see also Lt). Lovat Liquid oxygen.

Landing ship (tank) or local sidereal time. Long wave. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Landing ship (personnel). Landing ship infantry (small)..156 LSI (H) LSI (L) ILSI (M) LSI (S) L/Sjt LSP LSS LST It Lt LT LT or L/T LTA LTC Lt-Col Lt-Gen LTIS LTT LTW LV LW LWOST LW (P) LW (V) LX LZ LZ Balloon M BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Landing ship infantry (hand hoisting). Military Adviser to the Director-General. Magazine or magnetic. Military Branch or gun mountings and carriages o medical or movement or minutes or meridian o merchant (vessel) or midnight point. Ballonet (type of barrage balloon). Low water ordinary spring tide. (See LSgt). Low temperature treatment. Military Attache (or Adviser or Assistant) or large motorboat or medium artillery. Light warning (portable). - (M) MA MAA MAAD MAC MA/DGSS MA/DGX MADS MAEE Mag . Landing Transport and Workshop (Company). Low tension (voltage). Lieutenant-Colonel. Low temperature annealing. Link Training Instructor School. Landing ship infantry (medium). Manual of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Light warning (vehicle). Low velocity. Landing ship infantry (large). Landing ship (stern). Medical Branch Officer. Local Technical Committee. Lieutenant-General. Master-at-arms. Light. Left Section. Local time or line-telegraphy (or telephony). Motor Ambulance Convoy. Military Air Defence System. Military Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical Supplies. Landing Zone. . Lieutenant (see also Lieut) or light. Supply Service.

MCH Maximum ceiling height. MC or M/C Marine Craft Officer. M Dpo Main Dressing Station or Mine Department Sketch. MEE Middle East Interpretation Unit. Ministry of Aircraft Production. Military Cross or Message Centre or machine carbine or medium capacity or motorcycle carrier or movement control. md Mean difference. MCC (M of S) MCDR or M/CDR Motorcycle Despatch Rider. MCMG MCO Movement Control Officer or Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Medical Advance Station. MER Meteorology or meteorological or metallurgy.ABBREVIATIONS Maiut Maj Maj-Gen Manch MAP MAS MA/SB MB MBE MC 157 Maintenance. Major-General (see also MG). Motor anti-submarine boat. Manager of Engineering Department. ME Mechanised or mechanic or mechanical. MDS Movements Directorate and Sea Transport Service. Met or MET . MCLO Motor Contact Liaison Officer. Member of the Order of the British Empire. Mine Depot or message-dropping. MED Ml[echanisation Experimental Establishment. Major. Manganese bronze or medium bomber or Mobile Battery. Middle East or military engineering. mc/s or MC/S Military College of Science. (Mc) Miscellaneous Chemical Control (Ministry of Supply). Megacycles. Motorcycle. The Manchester Regiment. Mech Med Medium or medical. MD MDG Medical Director-General. MEIU Merchant ships (reconnaissance code). Manning Depot. MCS Mine Control Station. Motorcycle machine gun. MDST Me or ME Messerschmitt. M:anual of Driving and Maintenance of Mechanical MDMV Vehicles. MC of S mew or MCW Modulated continuous wave.

Mat6riel Finance (Branch) or Mediterranean Fleet. e. Motor launch or muzzle loading or minol or mine layer. Master of the Fleet. Major-General in charge of Administration. Minute. Military Mounted Police. Machine guns (reconnaissance code). Mobile Veterinary Section. Military Intelligence or malleable iron. Military Forwarding Service or mechanical fuze setter. Manual of Field Engineering. Military. Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Major-General. Military Foot Police. Mark (i. Major-General. Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation. Royal Artillery. Ministry of Home Security. model). General Staff. Military Intelligence Service. Major-General. Medium frequency. . Military Forwarding Officer. Medical Officer or Military Operation(s).158 MET MEW MF MF or M/F MFE MFO MFP MFPS MFS MFW MG MGA MGAFV MGB MGGS MGRA MGSMI mih or MIH Mil min MIO MIS M/J Mk or MK ML MLA MLC MLO Ml\M MMG MMP MNBDO MO Mob Mob Vet Sec MOF M of F M of Hs BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Mechanical transport (reconnaissance code) or miscellaneous enemy transport. Mineral jelly. Military (or Materials) Landing (or Liaison) Officer Military Medal. Method of filling. Motor (vehicle) landing craft. Major-General (see also Maj-Gen) or machine gun or Medical Guard. Motor gunboat. Mobile or mobilisation. Mine laying aircraft. Medium machine gun. Military Foreman of Works. Military Intelligence Officer. Miles in the hour (speed).. Ministry of Economic Warfare. Military Field Photographic Section.

Miles per hour. Maintenance Unit.ABBREVIATIONS M of S MOG MOMP Mon mot Mot CO MOWB MP MPB mpg or MPG mph or MPH MPI MPLO MPRC MPSC MPU MQ MR MRS MRU MS m/s MSD MSF MSG MSL MSM MT MT 5 MTB mtd mtg mtn MTO MTP MTS . Two-man torpedo boat. Meritorious Service Medal. Military Personnel Research Committee.159 Ministry of Supply. screws. Mine-Sweeping Flotilla. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport Stores Depot. Ministry of Works and Buildings. Mortar. Nuts. Mean' point of burst. Medical Technical Orders. Mounted. Motor Contact Officer (who should be known as Motor Contact Liaison Officer-see MCLO). Motor torpedo boat. Metres per second. Motor or motorized. Mechanical (or Motor) Transport or one-man torpedo boat. Mechanical Reconnaissance Unit or Mobile Radio Unit. Machineable quality. Material Production Liaison Officer. Military Secretary or minesweeper or mild steel or master standard (propellants). Main Supply Depot. Message picking up. Mountain. Mean point of impact' or master parts index. The Monmouthshire Regiment. Muzzle velocity. Mounting. Military Provost Staff Corps. Mine-Sweeping Group. Mean sea level. and bolts. Military Training Pamphlet. MTSD MU my or MV . Meeting Point or Military Police or Member of Parliament or-Material Production. . Miles per gallon. Medical Officer of the Guard. Medical Receiving Station. Mid-Ocean Meeting Point.

Nursing Auxiliary Service. Navigation Instruction Officer. N/A NAAFI NAD NAF NALO NAS NASL NASO Nat or NAT Nav NB NC N/C NCC NCO NCSI NCSO NCT ND NDRC NDT NE NED NEI NEO NF NFH Nfld NFM Not available. Naval Air Division (or Directorate). NFP Night-fighter plotting. Naval Aid to (1st. Northeast. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own). Army and Air Force Institutes. Naval Control Service Officer. Naval Control Service Instructions. Mine Warfare Division or Miscellaneous Weapons Development. Nitrocellulose tubular. etc.) Sea Lord. National Defence Research Committee.160 MV MVO MWD MWSS Mx N (N) NA BRITISH. Non-Comissioned Officer. Naval Equipment Depot. Netherlands East Indies. Member of the 4th or 5th Class of the Royal Victorian Order. . Navy. Non-auto frettaged. Newfoundland. Nursing or (Royal) Navy or naval or normal (attack) or night or north. Non-Combatant Corps. Nitrocellulose. The Royal Northumberland Fuziliers or night-fighter (airplane). No break (contact). Naval Equipment (or Embarkation) Officer. Non-delay. Minor War Signal Station. Non-delay tail or normal delay time (bomb). Natural Navigation. Not fair hit. Naval Armament Supply Officer. MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Merchant vessel. Naval Attach6 (or Adviser or armament) or noaltitude. Non-cemented (armour plates) or non-contact (depth charge). Naval Air Liaison Officer. Non-ferrous metals.

Som Yeo N Staffs NT NTFT NTO NTP NW N Yeo NX NZ 161 Flashless propellant. The Northamptonshire Regiment. Night trace flame trace. The Royal Norfolk Regiment. New Zealand. Nitroglycerine. The Nottinghamshire Yeomanry. Night reconnaissance. Nose instantaneous rod. Naval Transport Officer. No sound back. contrary to regulations). . Naval Land Equipment. Normal temperature pressure. The Northamptonshire Yeomanry. The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's). Naval Service or Nursing Sister. North Somerset Yeomanry. Naval Ordnance Department. Nose instantaneous. No movement seen (reconnaissance code). Naval (or Navigating) Officer or not observed. Naval (or National) Physical Laboratory. North Irish Horse. Non-persistent (gas) or not proceeding. Naval Magazine and Explosive Regulations. Nobel rim neonite. Not timed or night tracer. National Rifle Association. Number. Naval Staff (or Store) Officer. Naval Liaison Officer. particularly clothing. The Northumberland Hussars or flashless propellant. Not in vocabulary (stores. Northwest. Naval Law Branch. Flashless propellant. Naval Exchange.ABBREVIATIONS N/FQ/S NG or N/G NH Night R NIH N Inst N Inst R NIV NK NL NLE NLO NM NM & ER NMS No or NO NO NOD NOIC Norfolk Northamptons Notts Yeo NP NPL NQ NR NRA NRN NS NSB NSO N. Not known. Naval Officer-in-Charge. Nautical miles. Not recorded.

Ordnance Board. Ordnance Depot. Old Etonian (alumnus of Eton). Royal Marines. Officer Commanding. Officer Commanding (or in Command) or Ordnance Corps. Oblique photographs. On His Majesty's Service. Officer Commanding. Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment. Officer-in-charge. Observation post. Officer Commanding.162 O "0" or 0 (0) OB OBD OBE Ob Ph Obs OC OCA & AEE OC Div Sigs OCMAEE OCO OCPWRS OCRASC OCRM OCTU OD OE Offr OFP OG OHMS OIC or 0 i/c OK OL OM OME 00 OOD OOS OOW Op OP OPN BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Operations Section. Officer of the Watch. (Member of the) Order of Merit. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. . Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Officer Commanding. Officer of the Day. Divisional Signals. Open (reconnaissance code). Ordnance Branch (or Beach) Detachment. Out of service. Royal Army Service Corps. Ordnance Officer or Observer Officer (see also (0)) or operation order(s). Ordnance Field Park. Overseas Liaison (Officer). General Staff or operation or Ordnance or orderly or office or officer (see also Offr) or observer. Observer Officer (see also 00). Operation or operating or operator. Operations (see also Ops). Ordnance Consultant Office (or Officer). Observation. Officer (see also 0). Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment. Officer Commanding. Officer Keeper. Officer of the Guard or ogival. Officer Commanding. Officer Cadet Training Unit. Officer Of the Order of the British Empire.

Personal Assistant (an administrative aide-de-camp) or put away or accounts-. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also OR). e. Partial blind or phosphor bronze or point-blank. Other ranks (enlisted men) (see also ORs) or Operational Requirements. Ordnance Survey (or Services) or Operations Section or Orkney and Shetland. Official use.. Principal Assistant Secretary (Supply and Organisation). Operational Photographic Unit. Pathology. Organise or Organisation. Other Ranks Training Unit. Over water for recovery (to be fired). Officers' Training Corps. Passive air defence. Plastic Armour Officer. Parachutists landing at (reconnaissance code). The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. . Operational (or Ordnance) Research Group. Oxford. Principal Assistant Secretary (General). Office of Regional Control or Ordnance Research Committee. at 0 feet. Parachute and cable. Principal Assistant Secretary (Personnel). Parliamentary Secretary. muzzle velocity). Operational Training Unit. Parliamentary Private Secretary. Over water (proof of projectiles).ABBREVIATIONS Ops OPU OR ORC Ord Org ORG ORs or ORS ORS ORTU OS OTC OTU OU OV OW OWR Oxf Bucks Oxon P 163 PA PAC PAD PAO PAR Para Paratps Parly PS Parly Sec PAS (G) PAS (P) PAS (S&O) PAT PB Operations. Operational Research Section. Observed velocity (i. Parachute troops. Paragraph or parachute. Army Postal Service or postal or projectiles or persistent (gas) or Pilot Officer or chamber pressure or proof charge or phonogram or provision or priority or polar distance or Piaggio. Ordnance.

Photographic Officer. Canadian and American.164 PBM PC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Principal Beachmaster. Port Detachment. Pigeon. Postogram. Public House (Inn). Infantry Anti-Tank. Pioneer Corps (see also P Corps and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)) or Privy Council or Police Constable or piercing cap or Principal Chaplain or Paymaster-Captain. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (Aircraft and Engines). Production. Petrol (gasoline). Period delay mechanism. Physical. Principal Establishment Officer. Production Development Executive. PCA PC (L) P Corps PD PDAPF PDDC (A) PDDC (G) PDD of S PDE PDES P Det PDG PDM pdr or PDR PE PEA PED PEO P & EO Pet or PET PETN PFA PF/TSC P/G pgn Ph or PH (Ph) phone PH PHOS Ph R Phys PIAT Pk or PK . Proof and Experimental Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and Pnr Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Principal Deputy Director of Signals. Telephone (see also tel). Pental erythritoltetranitrate. Photographic reconnaissance (see also PR). Provisional condemning (limit). Photo-electric or plastic-explosive. Principal Deputy Director of Contracts (General). Partial detonation or projectile development. Pontoon bridge (reconnaissance code) or Paymaster Director-General. Proximity fuze of the Technical Scientific Committee. Photograph or photographic or photography. Production Engine Accessories. Pounder (see also por and PR). Phosphorus. 'Principal Director of Aircraft Production Factories. Civilian or refugee traffic (reconnaissance code). Photo-electric fuze timing apparatus. Projector. Park. Production Development Station.

Paymaster-in-Chief. Plans projector (or position) indicator. Principal Military Landing Officer. . Principal Medical Officer. Pioneer. Principal Officer. Provost. Port of London Authority. Press and Publicity Officer. Principal Patients and Awards Officer. Princess Mary's (Royal Air Force) Nursing Service. Port Mine Sweeping Officer. Post Office. Provost-Marshal or Personnel Branch.ABBREVIATIONS P1 PL P/L or PL PLA PLAE Plat PLM PLO PM (PM) PMC PML PMLO PMNS PMO Pmr Pmr-in-C PMSO P/N PNLO Pnr Pnr Corps PO P/O or PO POL POMM por POR posn PP PPAO PPI PPO PPS PR PRB PRH PRI Pro or PRO PRO 165 Platoon (see also Plat). Production Liaison Aircraft Equipment. Plain language. Petrol Point or picric powder. Platoon (see also Pi): Permanent Longitudinal Organisation. Provost-Marshal Duties Officer. Pioneer Corps (see also PC and P Corps) (formerly Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps (AMPC)). Principal Private Secretary. Merchant Marine. President of the Mess Committee or Production Marine Craft. Production Naval Liaison Officer. Pilot Officer. Pounder (see also pdr and PR). Petrol (gasoline). Paymaster. Regimental Institutes. and lubricants. Position line. Physical Research or pounder (see also pdr and por) or Photographic Reconnaissance (see also Ph R). Photographic Reconnaissance Officer or Public Relations Officer. President. Position. Public Relations Branch. oil. Phonogram. Publications Liaison Officer. Petrol Railhead. Powder metal-lined (case).

Proprietory. Printing and Stationery Service. Graduate. Porton. white. Principal Sea Transport Officer. fine. Paper. Permanent Vertical Magnetisation. A chemical symbol or Supply Section or equipment or correction to altitude of polaris. Pay. Graduate. Printing and Stationery or Private Secretary or chloropicrin (toxic). Physical Training Officer. RAF Staff College or percussion small arms (tubes). Pick-up truck. Physical Training. Please turn (page) over. Photographic Reconnaissance Unit. Post Wireless-Telegraphy (or Telephony) Officer. Prisoner(s) of War. Postogram. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Petroleum Warfare (or Public Works) Department. Secretarial and Finance Branches. Paravane. Quadrant elevation.166 PRP PRU PS P/S PSA PSC PSI PSS PSTO Pt PT (PT) Pte Ptn PTO Pty Pub PUS PUT PV PVM PW PWD pwf PWR PWRS PWSS PW/TO PWV PY Pyro PYT Q Q or "Q" QAIMNS QDM QE QF BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Petrol Refilling Point. Military Staff College. Quarter-Master (see also QM and Qr Mr) or QuarterMaster-General's Branch. . Private. Petroleum Warfare Research Station. Passed "Y" Test (steel). Point. Housing signal. Post War Signals Station. Pyrotechnics. Publication. Police War Reserve. Quick firing or decoy fire. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also S Lan R).

Royal Artillery or Rear-Admiral or right ascension. The Queen's -Own Royal Regiment (West Surrey). Regular Army Reserve of Officers. Royal Army Veterinary Corps. Quarter-Master-Sergeant. Railway(s) (see also Ry). Research (applies only to Ministry of Supply and appears only on portion reports) or rocket or radio-telephony (see also R/T) or reconnaissance (see also Recce) or refraction. Royal Australian Air Force. Range and direction as deflected. Royal Australian Navy. The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) or rolled bronze. Queen Victoria Rifles. Quarter-Master-General. Supplies. Royal Artillery School of Survey. RA R/A R &A RAAF RAC RACD or RAChD RADAD RA(E) E RAF RAF/DGX RAFO RAFVR Rail RAMC RAN RAOC RAOS RAP RAPC RARO RASC RAS of S RA Svy RAVC RB . Regulations. Royal Air Force. Royal Air Force Adviser to the Director-General of Explosives and Chemical. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. Royal Artillery Survey. Quarter-Master (see also Q and Qr Mr). Quarter-Master (see also Q and QM). Queen's Westminsters. 167 "Q" Fd QL QM QMG QMS Qr M or Qr Mr Queen's QVR QW R Dummy field. Range and accuracy. Royal Army Chaplains' Department. Reserve of Air Force Officers. Royal Army Pay Corps. Royal Aircraft (Experimental) Establishment. Radio acoustic. Rear-Admiral Commanding or Royal Armoured Corps or Royal Automobile Club. Royal Army Service Corps. Royal Army Medical Corps. Royal Army Ordnance Corps.ABBREVIATIONS QFCF Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory. Light decoy. Army Ordnance Services. Regimental Aid Post.

Repair Depot. Royal Corps of Signals (which should be known as R Sigs). Research Development Navigator's Instruments. Royal Canadian Navy. Royal Cartridge Department. Research Development Aircraft. Royal (Naval Reserve Officers') Decoration or radio (or rocket) development. picrate 55. Propellant names (flashless) approximate composition is NG 21. carbamite 3. Research Development Engines (Service Liaison). Research Development Armaments. Propellant name (hotter flashless) or Research Development Equipment Installation. . Research Development Communications. Research Development (Naval). Remote Control Office. Research Development Engines (Naval Liaison). Research Development Instruments. Research Development Photographic Equipment. Radio counter measures. Research Development Engines. Research Development Equipment Installation (Bomber Command). Racecourse or Report Centre or Research Committee (Ministry of Supply). Regional Development Officer. Road junction. Road or round (of ammunition). NC 21. Radio direction finder or name of method of RDX radio communications. Royal Corps of Signals or Regional Control System. Research Development Mechanical Transport. Research Development Engines (Modifications). Research Development Marine Craft. Relief Driver Increment.168 R Berks RC RCAF RCD RCM RCN RCO RCOS RCS RD rd or Rd RDA RD Arm RDC RDEV RDE/M RDE/NL RDE/SL RDF RDI RD Inst Rd June RDL RDMC RDMT RDN RD(N) RD Nav RDO RD Photos R Dpo RDQ RDQ(B) BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's). Royal Canadian Air Force. Radio detection and location (by radio pulses) or Research Development Landplanes.

) RFF Rfn RFP rft rg RGA RGF RGH RGPF RH Research Development Equipment Installation (Coastal Command). Rifleman. Retired. C. Relative humidity or Railhead or right hand. Recruiting Centre. Reference Point A (B. Research Development Technical Investigation. Royal Filling Factory. Royal Gun Factory. Reference. etc. etc. Road Delivery Service or Research Development Seaplanes.ABBREVIATIONS RDQ(C) RDQ(F) RDQ(N) RDS RDT RDT (Stdn) RDX RDX/BX RE rec Rec C Recce or Recco RED ref reg Regis Regt rein or reinf REME Rep Res RES Ret RF 169 RFA RFA (B. Range. Research Development Equipment Installation (Naval Air). Research Department X beeswax (a type of HE filling). Royal Garrison Artillery. Reinforcement (see also rein). Research Development Equipment Installation (Fighter Command). Reconnaissance (see also R) or reconnoitre. Recovery. Royal Engineers or Research Establishment. Royal Gunpowder Factory. Reconnaissance float plane. C. Cyclonite (German hexogen) or a new high explosive. Representative. Railhead (reconnaissance code) or reduced (charge). Reinforce or reinforcement(s) (see also rft). Registry. . Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Reserve. Research Development Technical Investigation (Standardization). Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.) (reconnaissance code). The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) or representative fraction or range finder or Reserve Fleet. Regulating or regulation. Royal Field Artillery. River Emergency Service. Regiment or regimental.

Railhead (or Roadhead) Ordnance Officer. Royal (or Research) Laboratory. Royal Navy. Royal Marine Striking Force. Routine order or Recreation (or Range) Officer. Rendering mines safe. Royal Nayy Cordite Factory. Royal Observer Corps. Ranging Point (reconnaissance code). Royal Military College. signal. Royal Naval Reserve. Rockets. Royal Marine Signal Officer. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. Raw Materials Depot.170 RHA RHG RHP RHQ RIA RIASC RIGFA RIM RIN R Ir F RIV RL RLG Rly RM RMA RMC RMD RMS RMSO RMSF RN RNB RNC RNCF RND RNO RNPF RNR RNVR RNZAF RO ROC ROCK GRN ROD ROF R of O ROO Royals RP BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Royal Horse Artillery. Royal Ordnance Factory. Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). green. Royal Naval College (Dartmouth). Railway (see also Ry). Royal Indian Navy. Recognition and identification between ground forces and aircraft. Refilling Point or rules of procedure or Radio Production or Regimental Police. Royal Navy Propellant Factory. Render inert mechanism. Royal Military Academy (Woolwich) or Royal Malta (or Marine) Artillery. Royal Naval Officer. Royal New Zealand Air Force. Russian Liaison Group. Royal Indian Army Service Corps. Remount or Royal Marines or repair and maintenance. The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's). Royal Indian Army. 1st The Royal Dragoons. Reserve of Officers. Royal Naval Barracks. Royal Naval Division. Regimental Headquarters. . River (reconnaissance code). Railway Operating Division (RE).

Radio-telephony (or telephone) (see also R) or radio transmission (or transmitter). (Member of the) Royal Red Cross. Range table. Railhead (or Roadhead) Supply Officer. Regimental Starting Point. Radio Production (American). Radio Production (Technical). Rendezvous. Repeated. Research Technical Publications (Drawing Office). The Royal Sussex Regiment. Regimental Quarter-Master Sergeant. Regimental Survey Officer. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Royal Scots Fusiliers.ABBREVIATIONS R &P RP/A rpg rpgpm RP/GS rpm RP/S Rptd RP Tech RQMS RR RRB RRC RS RSAF RSD RSF R Sigs RSM RSO RSP R Sup 0 R Sussex RT R/T or RT R Tanks RTC Rt Hon R Tks RTMV RTO RTP RTP/DO RTR RUR RV RW RWF R Wilts Yeo RWK 171 Range and projection (scales). Rounds per gun per minute Radio Production (General Services). The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment). Right Honourable. Royal Tank Regiment (formerly known as RTR and then R Tanks). Railway Transport (or Traffic) Officer. Royal Small Arms Factory. Radio Research Board. Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry. Research Report. Royal Tank Regiment (which should be known as R Tks). Returned Stores Depot. Radio Production (Supplies). Range table muzzle velocity. Regimental Sergeant-Major. The Royal Welch Fusiliers. Research Technical Publications. Rounds (or revolutions) per minute. . Rounds per gun. Royal Warrant (for pay or promotion). Royal Tank Corps. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Royal Corps of Signals. The Royal Ulster Rifles.

Standard ballistic limit. SA SAA SAAD SAAF SAC SAD SA & D Note SAE SAEC SAEO SAIO SAIR Sal SALO SAM SAO SAP SAPBC SAPC SAQC SARG SAS SASO SASO SAT SB SBC SBG SBL SBNO . Senior British Naval Officer.172 RX Ry(s) RYS Ry Tel s S BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Right section. Senior Air (or Armament or Administrative) Staff Officer. Salvage. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Scientific Advisory Council or School of Army Co-operation. Sub-Area Quartering Commandant. Small Arms Training or Scientific Adviser on Telecommunications. School for Anti-Aircraft Defence. Small bomb container. Short aerial mine. Short bursts or sound back or stretcher-bearer or shorebased or Submarine Base. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile). Small Arms School Corps. Small Arms School. Shipping advice and delivery note. Semi-armour-piercing (projectile) with ballistic cap. South African Engineer Corps. capped. Senior Air Liaison Officer. Small arms rifle grenade. Shilling (monetary unit). Single-axle drive. Railway Telegraph. Supply or smooth (driving bands) or a chemical symbol or spotter or south or seconds (of time) or half sum or Security Section (of Air Ministry). Senior Aeronautical Engineer Officer. South Africa (or African) or small arms or acoustic mine sweeping gear or styphnate azide or semi-automatic. Squadron Artillery Officer. Small arms ammunition (see also ASA). Society of Automotive Engineers. Royal Yacht Sqfadron. South African Air Force. Senior Air Intelligence Officer. South African Irish Rifles. Small box-girder (bridge). Railway(s) (see also Rail).

Signals Experimental Establishment or Superintendent of Experimental Establishment (or Electrical Engines). Superintendent of External Ballistics or Surplus Equipment Branch. Supply Dropping Point. approximate composition: NG 41. Superintending Civil Engineer.ABBREVIATIONS SBO SBX SC 173 SCE SCF SCI SCMA SCO Scot Horse SCP SCRA SCRK SD SDG SDO SDP S Dpo SDR SDRA SDT SD & T SE Seaforth SEB sec Sec Sec/CNR 2IC Sec 0 SED SEE SEF SEO Stretcher-Bearer Officer. Special despatch rider. Corps Medium Artillery. Staff Captain. . Staff Captain or sub-calibre or sector (or support) control or Senior Constructor or propellant name (solventless cordite). carbamite 9. Royal Artillery. Signal Distributing Officer. Royal Artillery (S 1 or S 4 of Division). Staff Duties or short delay (detonator) or self-destroying or spraying distance or Signals Department or secret document. Secretary to Chief Naval Representative. Slow-burning explosive. Second-in-command. Single engine or secret equipment or southeast. Single-engine fighter. Signals. Senior Equipment (or Squadron Engineer) Officer. Sub-Contracting Production. Signal Equipment Design. Scottish Horse. Sector Control Officer (RAF). Chief of the General Staff in the Field. Section (see also X). Stores Depot. approximate composition: SC used for rockets. Second or security. NC 50. Siding (reconnaissance code). Security Officer. Propellant name. The Duke of Albany's). Self-destroying tracer. Staff Duties. The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs. Staff Duties and Training Section. Smoke Curtain Installation. Senior Chaplain to the Forces.

Signals. Squadron Leader (see also SL and Sqn Ldr)." which is official in the Royal Air Force. Shrapnel. Single (or separate) loading or streamline. Sheet. Senior Intelligence Officer. Searchlight emplacement. Shropshire Yeomanry. Service Flying Training School. Sine.174 SESO SFG SFS SFTS SG SGA SGB 'SGO Sgt 17 SHA Sharpshooters SHAS shrapl Shrops Yeo sht SI Sig Sigmn Sig 0 Sigs Sin or SIN SIN SIO SIP SIS Sitrep Sjt SL BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Senior Equipment Staff Officer. Sharpshooters (County of London Yeomanry). Self-igniting phosphorus (grenade). Steam gunboat. S/L or SL S Lan R SLC SL Cmdr SLCS S/Ldr SLDS SLE 17 "Serjeant" is the official British Army form. Secret Intelligence Service. Sergeant. Searchlight Directing Station. Situation Report.) Searchlight or Squadron Leader (see also S/Ldr) or Start(ing) Line or Sea Lord or short-legged destroyer or Service Liaison. Searchlight Control (Radio) Station. Signal. Super-Heavy Artillery School. is frequently used. but the spelling "sergeant. Sidereal hour angle -(of star). Searchlight Commander. Squadron Gunnery Officer. Single-engine aircraft (reconnaissance code). Searchlight (o/' Sound Locator) Control or support landing craft or two-man submarine. Signals or Communications Officer. Slight flutter starting (projectile steadiness). Scots Guards (The Scots Regiment of Foot Guards) or Ship's Gunnery or standard gauge. Special issue.- . Senior Gas Adviser. The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) (see also PWV). Signal Officer. Sulphurless fine grain. (See Sgt. Signalman.

Superintendent of Experiments. Short-Magazine Lee-Enfield (rifle). Scientific Liaison Officer. Signal Operations Instructions. Safety in Mine Research Directorate. Senior Officer of Mine Sweepers. Supply Landing Point. Staff Officer (Liaison). Organisation and Methods Division. Staff (or Section or Signal) Officer or Sutton Oak (Research Laboratory). Senior Military Adviser. Sergeant-Major or Savoia-Marchetti. Secretary. Staff Officer. Sound locator. Senior Medical (e. Signal Officer-in-Chief (who should be known as Chief Sigs). Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge. Testing device for RAF recruits. Senior Naval Officer (GHQ). Steam not up (reconnaissance code). School of Military Engineering. Standing Orders for Drivers of Mechanical Vehicles. Sector Operations (or Operating) Room. School of Anti-Aircraft Defence. Senior Mechanical Transport Officer. S &M SMA SMA 3 SMC SMD SME SMLE SMO SMRD SMTO SNIO SNO SNOIC SNOL SNU SO SOB SODMV S of A S of AAA S of AAD S of AE S of E S of S S of SHRA SO-in-C SOI SOL S(O & M) SOME Som LI SOMS SOO SOPT SOR Sappers and miners. . Staff Message Control or Sten machine carbine. Physical Training. Searchlight laying. Superintendent of Mine Design. School of Super-Heavy Railway Artillery.ABBREVIATIONS SLER SLL SLO S/Loc SLP SM S/M or SM 175 Searchlight Engine Room. Secretary of State or School of Survey. Senior Organisation Officer.' Selected Military) Officer. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's). Secretary of the Ordnance Board. Senior Naval Intelligence Officer. School of Artillery. School of Aeronautical Engineering. School of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Senior Ordnance Mechanical Engineer. Submarine (see also Sub). Senior Naval Officer Landing.

Signals Research and Development Establishment. Sapper (engineer). Royal Marines. Squadron Quarter-Master Sergeant. Senior Officers' School. Squadron Officer. Self-propelled or signal publications or Service Patrol or Secret Police or Starting (or Supply) Point or sign post. Staff Sergeant. Sound ranging (see also S Rg) or spotter reconnaissance or Supplementary Reserve or send replies or Special Reserves or Scientific Research. Scientific Research Establishment (or Equipment). Squadron. Signalling projector. Superintendent of Research Department or Supply Reserve Depot. Sector Searchlight Commander. Staff (or Squadron) Sergeant-Major. Supply Refilling Point. Staff Officer. Ship-born. Squadron Leader (see also SL and S/Ldr). Senior Officer. Support. Squadron Sergeant-Major. Royal Engineers. Searchlight Sector Control Officer. Squadron Royal Marine Officer. Sound ranging (see also SR) Supply Railhead. Single-seater fighter. Special Duties Officer. Stocks and Storage. Special Service (or Senior Supply (see also S Sup O) or Squadron Signal) Officer.176 SORA SORE SORM SOS Sp or SP (Sp) SP S/P SP/B Spr SPSO SQMS Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn Sqn SR SRD SRDE SRE S Rg SRH SRMO SRP SS S/S or SS S &S SSC SSCO SSF S Sgt or S/Sgt SSM SSO Ldr 0 QMS SM BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Staff Officer. Self-sealing (gasoline tank) or Special (or Secret) Service or Staff Sergeant or sound signalling or spring steel or single seat. Single shot. Royal Artillery. Senior Personnel Staff Officer: Staff (or Squadron) Quarter-Master Sergeant (see also Sqn QMS). .

The South Staffordshire Regiment. Superintendent of Technical Application of Metals. Supply Officer. Sticky type (grenade or bomb) or sonic telegraphy (see also S/T) Sonic Telegraphy Division (RASC) or steel or single turn. Statistics and Planning. The Suffolk Regiment. Seater. The East Surrey Regiment. Superintending Sea Transport Officer. Strategical reconnaissance. The South Wales Borderers. Sepoy. Supply. Sonic telegraphy (see also ST). Special Vehicle Development Committee. Solenoid velocity apparatus. Super-sonic telegraphy. Slight unsteady starting (projectile steadiness). Supply Point. Sea Transport (or Squadron Torpedo or Senior Technical) Officer. Standard time. Switchboard. Stereoscope or stereoscopic. Slightly unsteady. Short wave or ship's warning or southwest. Transport or training or trainer or tanks and armoured fighting vehicles or through or torpedo or type or a chemical symbol or local hour angle in triangle. . Submarine (see also S/M). Standard wire gauge. Staffordshire Yeomanry. Senior Supply Officer (see also SSO).ABBREVIATIONS SSQ SST S Staffords SSTO S Sup O ST 177 S/T Sta Staffs Yeo STAM Stats P STC Std T stereo STO str Strat R SU Sub Suffolk Sup Sup Dpo Sup O Sup P Surreys SUS SV SVA SVDC SVP Svy SW SWB swbd SWG Sy T Station Sick Quarters. Supply Depot. Small Vessels Pool. Survey (see also Svy) or striking velocity or single valve or Salvage Department. Survey (see also SV). Station. Senior Training Corps or Signal (or Special) Training Centre.

Training Establishment or twin-engine or tangent elevation. Thames Ammunition Works. Tangent. Tail delay 2 seconds. Administrative training. Tennessee Eastman Corporation. U. S. Engineer Officer. Tank Delivery Squadron. Torpedo Development Unit. Tactical Headquarters (see also THQ). TCH TCK Tcl TCL TCO TCP TD TD 2 T & D Est T Det TDL TDMR TDR TDS TDU (T) (e) TE TEB TEC tech TEF . Technical Division Memorandum Report. Technical or technician. Tractor-drawn or Territorial Decoration or tank design or tail delay or total dust. Tentacle. The Adjutant-General. Twin-engine bomber. Torpedo bomber (or boat). Tactical Control Officer. Tank Committee Liaison. Technical Detachment. True air speed. Territorial Army Allowances. Armament Officer. Trench (reconnaissance code). Territorial Army or Technical Area (bombing). Tank Delivery Regiment. Tactical reconnaissance. Test and Development Establishment. Traffic Control Post. Twin-engine fighter. Tank Design Liaison. Territorial Army Nursing Service. Tank Board. Track (reconnaissance code). Territorial Army Reserve of Officers. A. Text-Book of Anti-Aircraft Gunnery. Text-Book of Gunnery.178 /T (T) (a) TA TAA Tac or Tac HQ Tac R or Tac/R T Admn TAG TARO Tan or TAN TANS TAS TAW TB T/B or TB TBAAG TB of G TC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Tube. Troop Commander (or Carrier) or Training Corps or traffic control or Tactical Committee or temperature correction.

Tank (see also Tk). Tail instantaneous. Telegraph or telegraphic. Tactical Headquarters (see also Tac). Trailer. sensitive. Torpedo and mine. Tank (see also Tnk). Tank landing craft or Tank Liaison Committee. Threads. S. Technical Maintenance Officer. Tail instantaneous. Time of origin. Transport (or Torpedo) Officer. Time of receipt. . Transportation (see also tpt). Time fuze. Target moving (reconnaissance code). Technician of Motor Transport or Technical Mechanical Transport. Troop or Transport. Time handed in. Tank Officer-in-Chief (or in Charge). Time of burning. Tactical exercise without troops. teletype). TNT beeswax.ABBREVIATIONS tel tele TEWT T Ex TF TGM tgt thds THI THQ THR TI T Inst T Inst S Tk TKV TLC tlr TLS TM T &M TMC TMG TMO TMT tn or TN TNHP Tnk or TNK TNT TNT/BX TO TOB TOD TOET T of F or TOF TO-in-C TOO TOR Tp TP T/P TPA 179 Telephone (see also phone). Teleprinter (U. Telephone exchange. Temperate land scheme. Time of despatch. Training Manual. Training progress or Traffic Patrol (or Post). Town gas main. Tank Production Armour (code). Tests of elementary training. Tracked vehicles (reconnaissance code). Telescope identification. Trinitrotoluene or tent (reconnaissance code). TNH Praha (a Czechoslovakian tank). Tower Hamlets Rifles. Time of flight. Thompson machine carbine. Target.

United Kingdom Commercial Corps. Their Royal Highnesses.. Twin-seater fighter. (Tank) Unit Landing Officer. A chemical symbol used only at Porton or unsteady (projectile steadiness) or unserviceable (see also U/S). Underwater electrode potential. Multi-engined aircraft (reconnaissance code). e. Torpedo scout (or spotter) reconnaissance (plane). Troop Sergeant-Major or Thompson sub-machine gun. Transported. Terminal velocity. Telecommunications Valve Committee. Tank Reconnaissance (or Transportable Radio) Unit. percussion. United Kingdom. Temperate sea scheme. Tonic train ( a type of modulation for transmission of Morse code) or turntable or target tower. Union Defence Force. Transport (see also Tp) or transportation (see also tn). Unit Equipment Table. Tube. Railway train (complete with engine) (reconnaissance code). Passenger coaches (reconnaissance code). small arm. Unexploded bomb or U-boat (submarine). Training. Torpex. Signal Officer. Universal call (switchboard). Troops. Technical (or Telecommunications) Research Establishment. Traumatic shock or Transvaal Scottish or torpedo spotter. Tank War Office Liaison. . Goods trucks (i. Tank Supply Liaison. freight cars) (reconnaissance code). Two-speed destroyer sweep.180 TPI Trp Tps TPSA Tpt Tptd Tptr TRE Trg TRG TRH TRN TRP TRU (T) (s) TS Ts Ds or TSDS TSF TSL TSM TSR TSS TT (T) ULO TV TVC TWN TWOL TX U UB UB Com UC UDF UEP UET UK UKCC BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Threads per inch. Unexploded Bomb Committee. Trooper. Trumpeter or transporter.

Vickers diamond hardness. a part of QAIMNS) or Vickers-Armstrong (Dartford). Vice-Chief of the Air Staff.. Unexploded bomb. e. Victoria Cross. Vulcanized in rubber. Viceroy Commissioned Officer. oral). Voluntary Aid Division (or Detachment) (Army Nurses. Very mild explosion. Unrotating projectile (rocket propelled) or unexploded parachute (mine). Unit mobilisation or urgent memorandum.ABBREVIATIONS UL ULO UM UP US U/S or US US of S UV UXB V VA VAC VAD 181 VAE VAOS V-B VC VCAS VCIGS VCO VD VDH VDM VE VEB Veh VE Message VES Vet VFO VHF or VH/F VI VIE VIR VLF or VL/F VM VME Upper limb. Vertical interval. Visual indicating equipment. Veterinary Evacuating Station. orally) to signaller. Universal (carrier) or unvarnished or ultra violet. Message of which no record is kept. Unserviceable (see also U). Very high frequency. e. (Parliamentary) Under-Secretary of State. Vice-Admiral or Order of Victoria and Albert or VickersArmstrong (see also VAD and VAE). Unit Landing Officer. Variable elevation beam. Veterinary (see also V). Veterinary (see also Vet) or vesicant(s) or visual signalling ships or varnished. Vice-Admiral Commanding. Vehicle.. Volume moisture. United States or unsteady start. given either written or verbally (i. Volunteer Officers' Decoration. . Verbal (i. Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Very low frequency. Automatic airscrew pitch regulator (German). Vickers-Bertheir. Vickers-Armstrong (Ellswick). Valves for Oliphant. Vocabulary of Army Ordnance Stores (or Services).

or percussion (tube). With effect from.182 VMG VO V of A VP V/P VPL or VPH VPN VR VRD V/S or VS VSE or P V/T vtm or VTM W BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Vickers machine gun. Women's Auxiliary Air Force. The Welch Regiment. Velocity/pressure. Wireless electrical mechanic. Visual signalling. Warwickshire Yeomanry. Vehicles to the mile (road density). WAAF WAC WAFS WAO WAR Warwick Warwick Yeo Wa/T WATU WC w/c WD W Dgns WE W/E WECIS wef or WEF Welch WEM WET Wg or WG WG Wg Cr (or Comdr) WGO . Vertical photograph (or photography). War Establishment Committee. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Warships (reconnaissance code). Wing Commander (see also Wg Cr). Vulnerable point or vent. Visual telegraphy. Western Approaches Tactical Unit. Works or wounds or wireless-telegraphy (see also W/T) or name of propellent (approximate composition: NG 29. Welsh Guards (The Welsh (or 5th) Regiment of Foot Guards). Veterinary Officer. Women's Auxiliary Fire Service. Vent. Watch correction or water closet. electric. Wing Commander. Vehicle Reception (or Replacement or Reserve) Depot. carbamite 6) or west or watch. Wing Officer. sealing. 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons). Investigation Section. War Establishment(s). Warning telephone. Woolwich adjusted charge. Volunteer Reserve. War Establishment Table(s). Week ending. Wing Artillery Officer. Vickers pyramid number (hardness). War Department. Velocity of adjustment. percussion (tubes) or variable pitch. NC 65. Wing.

The York and Lancaster Regiment. Wireless School. Expanded metal. Women's Transport Service or Wireless Station (reconnaissance code). Warships Production Superintendent. Class 1 (2). White phosphorus. M/Je. War Office or Warrant Officer. Wireless-Telegraphy Officer. . g. Yorkshire Dragoons. Weapon training. Signifies experimental failure. Extended Defence Officer. War Registry. NC 65. The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's). carbamite 2).. Workshop. Wagon Line Officer. Yard. Yard(s) (e. Yorkshire Hussars. Wireless Operator Unit.. Wagon Line or water liquid (calorimetric value). Women's Royal Naval Service. Works. The Worcestershire Regiment. Women's Voluntary Service. Propellants and charges. Cross road(s). Name of propellant (approximate composition: NG 30. 9g. The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own). Withdrawn and replaced.20x40mm guns equals twenty 40-mm guns). 1. Wildly unsteady (projectile steadiness). e. Explosive(s) or section(s). War Intelligence Committee.000x) (or used for any word repeated often in a text or used to separate Arabic numerals for clarity. Wireless-telegraphy (or telephony). Women's Land Army.ABBREVIATIONS wh WIC Wilts Wts Wkshop or wksp WL WLA WLO WM WO WO 1 (2) W/O Wore R WOU WP WPS WR W &R WRNS WS WT W/T or WT W/TO or WTO WTS WU WVS WWCP W Yorks x 183 X XDO XP XPM X rd(s) or Rd(s) Yd Y &L Yorks D Yorks H Wheeled. Walking Wounded Collecting Post. Warrant Officer.

Lead azide and CE. . A secret automatic landing system (see also Zed Zed). ZT ZW ZY ZZ Zone time. Wireless Interception Service. A secret automatic landing system (see also ZZ).184 YS Y Service Z Zed Zed Zed ZN ZPI BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Young Soldiers (Battalions). Anti-aircraft unit assigned unrotating projectile (UP) equipment. True azimuth (clockwise from the north). Lead azide or zenith or zone or azimuth (see also Az) or assumed position in triangle. Zone watch. Zone position indicator.

SOLUTION OF UNRECORDED ABBREVIATIONS 185 The following list gives a few general hints which may help in the solution of new or unfamiliar abbreviations: A AD C CI D At the beginning of an abbreviation often means aircraft or Air. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director. often means development or design or defence or Department. which is. usually means Officer or Order. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Production.ABBREVIATIONS 7. Anywhere . however. at the end. DAD DD DGC E F G O P RD S . At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Assistant-Director. factories. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means General or gun. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Assistant-Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means field or fire or fleet. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Director-General. at the end. At the end of an abbreviation usually means Research (and) Development. At the beginning of an abbreviation usually means Deputy Director. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Commander or Controller or Chief. may indicate a plural form.in the abbreviation may well mean Staff or School. In the body of an abbreviation often means Operations or Ordnance or Organisation. At the beginning of an abbreviation often means Chief Inspector. usually indicated by s. At the end of an abbreviation often means equipment or engineer(ing). at the end. at the end of an abbreviation.

.

General The British use the following categories in classifying documents and military information: (1) "Most secret. or forecasts of manpower." (3) "Security. Technical secrets connected with new weapons of warfare. etc. etc. (2) Comprehensive statements regarding rates of production of major munitions of war. Other matters. Tables of Organization. such as code words. (5) (6) War sider I U. (5) "Not to be published. CATEGORIES a.13 S." b. (4) Intelligence obtained by " Most secret" means. 519636 -4 ° 3 -- . (3) Political papers dealing with negotiations for alliances and the like.Appendix A.. "Most Secret" The "Most secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) War plans and future operations when in the planning state. CLASSIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS 1. ciphers." (4) "Confidential" (or "Private and confidential").. which Establishments ' prescribe or which originators may conshould be included within this category." (2) "Secret. discussions on new types of weapons. 187 -.

the combination of which is known only to him and a few other officers. The safe custody of documents in these categories is the responsibility of an officer. or a matter of policy which should not become generally known. For example. (3) Documents in the "Security" and "Confidential" categories should be kept under lock and key. the outer one plain and the inner one wax-sealed and labeled with the address and classification. but are not necessarily the responsibility of an officer. the proceedings of a court-martial are confidential until the finding is promulgated.188 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. location lists. Transmission of "Most Secret" and "Secret" Papers Both the "Most secret" and the "Secret" categories require transmission in two envelopes. he sees that they are' locked in a safe. (3) Troop movements for operational purposes or dispatch overseas. etc. and orders of battle.. Lower Categories The British have broken up their lower security categories into the following: (1) "Security" is normally used for documents which by reason of their very wide circulation cannot be kept secret. and technical secrets which do not warrant the "Most secret" category. (2) "Confidential" classification is used in connection with any matters dealing with the character of an individual. whenever possible. . (2) Ciphers. d. "Secret" The "Secret" category is normally restricted to the following subjects: (1) Operations in their executive status. e.

CLASSIFICATIONS The following is an official comparison of British and U.. S... security categories: British United States "Most secret" -----"Secret"-" " Security" "Confidential' ----------------.. the contents of which should not be divulged to people outside the armed forces..APPENDIX A 189 (4) "Private and confidential" imposes the additional safeguard of requiring the addressee to open it personally.. Documents marked "Not to be published" must not be taken into the front line.. (5) "Not to be published" is normally used for such publications as training memoranda... .. 2. BRITISH AND U. military training pamphlets.-_____" Restricted" | "Not to be published" - ----- ---- . 3.... S. ------. and places upon him the responsibility for the safe custody of the document while it is in his possession.."-" "Secret" . Certain staff officers are permitted to issue in a lower classification extracts from documents in a higher classification. ---.. (6) "By safe hand" means that delivery is to be effected by a trusted messenger.. and other documents of a military nature. CHANGE OF CLASSIFICATION Officials qualified to classify material as "Most secret" are also qualified to break or degrade (cancel or change) the classification..." Confidential" …l. All papers are subject to continual review so that they may be broken or degraded when elapsed time has removed the need for their original classification.... provided that the extracts are still properly safeguarded.

Small ------------1: 126. 1: 20.000 and 1:250.600 .-----. Large ---------1: 40. but familiarity with their marginal data is essential in order to obtain a working knowledge of them. . maps and are designated by representative fractions. Actually U. SYSTEMS OF REFERENCE a.440 .360 -----I------------Medium.720.000 (and suitable smaller scales) in areas outside the British Isles.1: 633..Appendix B.000... maps are usually made to the following scales: small-1:500. S. Within the British Isles. Standard . 190 . Suitable only for large and medium t The scales listed in this column are the equivalent representative fractions for the corresponding British scales.. 1.500...----------.Small. GENERAL British Army maps are similar to U.Large.. medium-1:62. ..-. Small ---------. MAPS 1. maps are made with a scale of inches to the mile..i: 1-...000. Large ---------. They plan to use local grids and local scales when necessary. maps.. Origin The British System was adopted in 1919 and remained in use until 1927...--.. The following indicates the relation between the -usual British and U. 3.584 inch to 1 mile ---------3.. scales: British Scale I inch to 10 miles ---Y4inch to 1 mile . ¼inch to I mile -. 1: 253.. S.-.000 and 1:100.168 inch to 1 mile Common name United States Scale I Common name Small ----. Large-scale British maps are usually made to the same scales as U.63.--------------Intermediate. 2. SCALES The British have adopted the scales of 1:25. I inch to I mile .Small..000 -----------------Large.000 ---------------. S. S..--------------. when it was superseded by the Modified British System..-.. intermediate-1:125.

this being called "ceasting. Q7506. Q.000 map series of Great Britain. British System (1) Description. M. military grid maps. The Modified British System is now in use on all military editions of maps of Great Britain. . the figures are run together as shown above and in figure 5.-The grid is composed of squares made by lines running north and south. and R. L.-This particular system was designed for use on the now obsolete 1:20. Location of coordinates is easy on these maps because in each little (kilometer) square are printed two figures. S. The thin lines merely serve to divide the thick lines into tenths. The southwest corner of each lettered square is the starting point from which the coordinates are measured. east and west. thus making large squares identical in size.APPENDIX B 191 scales. U. the British System is of little assistance in describing the movements of mechanized troops or in framing orders concerning a large area. P. There is no dash between the easterly and northerly coordinates. points being located in the square in the same manner as on U." The second reading is termed "northing" and involves measuring the distance north of the southwest corner. Every tenth line is thickened. Each lettered square thus becomes an independently numbered grid. The manner of writing the coordinates should be noted. A complete reference is composed of the letter of the square followed by the easting and the northing: for example. Each of these large squares is given a letter: for example. (2) Use. The distance east of the southwest corner is read first. b.

0 30 Figure 5. each of which is designated by a letter. Thus the point P. 02 12 22 32 01O 1 21 31 00 10 . (2) Description. Modified British System (1) General.-In the Modified British System the area is divided into squares of 500 kilometers to the side.-British System grid. The Modified British System obviates this difficulty. Each of these squares is subdivided into 25 squares of 100 kilometers to the side which are also lettered from "A" to "Z. in the small square 21.': omitting the letter "I" (fig. Thus in the smaller-scale maps it is possible to have on the same sheet two identical map references referring to two different places. 5). M 232174 (to nearest 10 meters).192 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY the first of which is the number (eastwards) of the west edge. .--Inthe British System the whole system of reference. in the large lettered squares. whereas the second is the number (northwards) of the south edge (fig. each into 100 squares of 10 kilometers to the side. is described as: M 2317 (to nearest 100 meters). These squares are again subdivided. is repeated every 50 kilometers. (Points are described by their coordinates in kilometers. The easterly coordinate is always given first.) c. 6).

ia..___ °.Z . and to the left of it in smaller type is printed also the letter of the 500-kilometer square in which the 100-kilometer square falls. Modified British System. Of the grid lines forming the sides of the 10-kilometer squares. every fifth-horizontally and vertically--is numbered. (3) 1 inch to 10 miles map.{--{wa'r I T .' W X " ! Figure 6. the appropriate letter is printed in the center of the square.-Grid lettering. .-The sides of each 100kilometer square are thickened.\ . every fifth-horizzontally and vertically-is numbered.APPENDIX B 193 i E <C/ o O 1. L M NW ____ .. JV :.

-The grid in this case is the same as that on the 10 miles to 1 inch map. (4) Y inch to I mile map.-Modified British System grid. 1 inch to 10 miles moap. without unduly obscuring the detail. 0--f 0 .5 units north of the point of reference. to print the letters of the 100-kilometer squares and the numbers of the 10-kilometer squares as shown in . Thus the point P in figure 7 is 6. of the grid line east or north of the left-hand bottom corner of the 100-kilometer lettered square in which it lies. and its reference is therefore vH 6335. it may be described as the point of reference. It lies in square vH. 5 I Figure 7.3 units east and 3. but owing to the larger scale it is possible. in 10-kilometer units.194 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY as shown in figure 7. The number denotes the distance. Since this is the point to which map references are normally referred.

The reference of the point P in figure 8 is the same as that in figure 7. Figure 8. (v)H 6335. . but in this case the smaller letter is usually omitted.-Modified British System grid. inch to mile mp. the letters referring to the 500-kilometer and the 100kilometer squares are omitted from the grid. A small diagram in the map margin indicates the letter (or letters) of the 100-kilometer square (or squares) in which the particular sheet lies.-Modified Figure British System grid.APPENDIX B 1]95 figure 8. since there is no possibility of duplication.-On maps of these scales. namely. The sides of the 100-kilometer lettered squares are thickened and the reference letter to the 500-kilometer square is shown in smaller type in parentheses. 4 inch to I mile map. (5) 1 inch to 1 mile and larger-scalemaps. 2 273 i 5 6 778 9 4I 3 A 3 1 8.

the figure required to convert the shortened coordinate into the full coordinate referred. and to every tenth number is added. on any grid line denotes. the distance of the grid line east or north of the point of reference. the sides of the 10kilometer squares are thickened and the grid lines are numbered as shown in figure 9. 59 270 O 69 6867 . In the sheet margin every grid line is so numbered.196 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY The 10-kilometer squares are further subdivided into 100 squares of 1 kilometer to the side. Figure 9.-Modified British System grid. to the (false) . in smaller print. this time in kilometer units.5 D 66 65 63… 65 6 62260 60' L . The number appearing 450 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58. 1 inch to I mile map.

. in figure 9. Its reference is therefore 533675.3 units east and 67.5 units north of the point :of reference. A pin-point reference can be given to the nearest tenth of a kilometer.AP:PENDIX B 197 origin of the grid system. the point Q is 53. Thus. The appropriate square letter may be included before the reference. but this is not normally necessary.

Q. Z. S.1 2. STANDARD PROCEDURES a. J. L. 1943). 198 . V. E. P. G. N. M. X. Pronunciation of Numbers The word "figures" will always precede any number. Sugar Toe Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra When it is necessary to spell a word. C." Pronunciation I See FM 24-9. 1942. "Combined United States-British Radiotelephone (R/T) Procedure" (December28. followed by the phonetic spelling. R. the word itself is first spoken. U. B.Appendix C. Procedure" (January 20. F. "Two: T for Toc. Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert S. 10 will be spoken "Figures Wun Owe. T. O." b. STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES 1. K. for example. GENERAL The standard procedures described below are the methods used by the British for transmitting messages. Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink ' . "Combined Radiotelegraph (W/T).-British radio procedures. D. Phonetic Alphabet The British employ the following standard phonetic alphabet: A. W for William. Y. No attempt has been made to describe any combined U. O for Orange.) See also FM 24-10. W. I. H.

" etc. 11 may be pronounced "Wun Wun" or "Double Wun"._ _. :usage except for-numbers such as 11. 6. ..Owe "Wun" ____ -_.-_ Three "Fife" Four ___.4 ___I___1 l. S.Six _"Ate" ---. 9. Z44101. 3.APPENDIX C .R. the speaker will say each figure and then count up to it as in the following table: 0. 22.0iSi Figure 10. etc. Ioigure ._W 1 PG. n Fsio nt ith mess S I gl* ban c f 3l I 36Id*3d tro sizt). 1. Should the pronunciation of figures fail to make the figures clear to the listener.- Bish Ob m~ssg 1 O onk 1ce15* T. . 5. W= ) .)t._ One Two Two Three Four Five Six _ Seven ---.Eight FORM -------.Two ---"Foer" _. . 'Owe "O-w-e" -__ -_-.- . 199 of numbers is similar to U.-British message blank (reduced from original size). 8.One "Too" --One "Th-r-ree"--. 7. I reS f1om du =2 o riioi. For instance. MESSAGE AND RU . 33.._ _-_-_-- Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine I I GR.. I .--"Six" Five .H. _"Sei-en" ---. I10NS OUT . 4. --.1 _ _ _1 DUG.. 22 is "Too Too" or "Double Too.Seven ---"Niner" ------------------_._ ----.O. 2.

Wun ....200 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY Example: 26019 will be spoken as follows (with emphasis . Spaces should be filled in as follows: (1) "To": the name of the unit to receive the message or its code sign.-. (3) "Originator's Number": writer's identification number (see sec. (6) The text is written from left to right with one word in a box. (5) "In Reply to Number": the identification number of the message. . Six. Foer . Too. or "stop.. Owe .on the figure (number) to be transmitted): "Figures TooNiner: Too. (7) The originator signs his name and rank in one of the two spaces at the bottom. g. Wun. Writing a Message for Transmission Messages are normally composed on a message forr'i (blank) similar to that shown in figure 10. Owe . Wun. Six.. (2) "From": the nime of the unit sending the message or its code sign. Wun Six . It may consist of plain language. 93).. thus giving instructions regarding cipher.. to which reference is being made. or code. O-w-e. 1. December 7 is written 7). par. cipher. Ate -. (4) "Date": day of the month only (e. .. p. VI. ... .." is indicated by a circle with a dot in the center. Niner. Fife Niner." c. if any. A period. Owe... . Sev-en --.

For routine messages. are issued by the General Staff. the sending operator tele-phones the message and the receiving operator writes it down on a message form. By commanders and senior staff officers. _ By any officer. _-----. is given. In the case of a phonogram. Degree of Priority": the degree of priority. 2 Priority lists. 2 only Emergency -------for messages of the utmost importance having a direct bearing on operations. Deferred ----------- (9) "Time of Origin": the time at which the writer signs the message (the 24-hour clock is used. together with various signal methods used by R Sigs. or may be sent as a phonogram. I. . showing in detail which officers may use each priority. d.= time of receipt. (10) All other blanks on the message are filled in by R Sigs personnel. H. and local time). O. T. No indication------For messages of minor importance." may be put in this space. Sending a Message (1)' Procedures.By regimental commander or senior staff officers. Immddiate for messages of special importance. "Ack" is written at the end of the text. A message may be sent as a telegram by one of the procedures described below. such as "To await arrival.-The message is written out as above and sent exactly as written. The various degrees of priority are as follows: Degree of priority: Most immediate ---Used By Commander-in-Chief or his chief staff officer only.) (11) If an acknowledgment is required.= time handed in.-There are several procedures in use.APPENDIX C 201 (8) "Originator's Instructions. R. (T. Any other instiuction. for messages requiring priority Important -------above ordinary routine miessages. (a) "Written message" procedure. if any. Signal officers may use this priority.

strength 6. no answers being given. e.-Difficult communication (DC) procedure is used in cases where interference is strong." .-The message is sent through twice at a slow rate. reply. The sender sends each group twice instead of once.-The message is sent straight through.-The whole message is repeated back by the receiver. strength 9. This is used for quick questions and answers. "good". (b) "SR" (send replies) method.-The message may be given orally to the operator to transmit. This method is used when the receiver must not. "very strong. This method is very slow and is used only when com- munication is difficult. (2) Methods of transmission. (c) "F" method.-Each group is answered by the receiver before the new group is sent. strength 7.-As regards actual transmission of the message the following procedures are used: (a) "Normal" method. or cannot. or may be written down simply as a text without the address or references required in a written message.202 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY (b) "/VE" procedure. (e) "DC" method. "fair". Strength of Signals The strength of signals received by radio is described as follows: strength 3 means "scarcely readable". (d) "G" method.

. Army and the British Army has been fixed at $4.) ("farthin' ") ----------------------/2 _ cent. 1 shilling. £5 and up. shilling. Sixpence (6d." or "thrup'ny bit". Silver coins: Threepence (3d. a stever)__ 6 cents. now exchanges for about $4. Penny (ld. 6 cents. 1942).) ("sixp'nce". 2/6) (two and six. or a kick) -----------12 cents. Thus the price of an article might read £2/1/6. 5/-) ----------------------$1.) ("hayp'ny") ------------1 cent.. 399 (December 9. 6d.. I The official rate authorized between the U. S.. and 6 pence. S.) ("thrup'nce. a stever) --------------. CONVERSION TABLES 1. Pound note-20 shillings (£1) (a quid) ------------------$5. Halfpenny (¼2d.50.. abbreviated £. Larger denominations of pound notes. and d.00 in U.00. Shilling-12 pence (Is.. s.. and pence. Half crown-2 shillings and 6 pence (2s...." or "thrup'ny bit". meaning 2 pounds.. equiralent Copper coins: Farthing (rare) (Yd. Threepence (rare) (3d. 203 . See WD Circular No.Appendix D. General The pound sterling.... however.. . a tanner. Prices are usually written in pounds. Paper currency: 10-shilling note (10s. which is the standard unit of money in the United Kingdom.) ("thrup'nce.. 1/-) (a bob) 25 cents.035 per British pound ster4ing.00. CURRENCY a. Florin-2 shillings (2s. or half a crack) -----------------62 cents. currency. 2/-) (two-bob piece) ---------------. 10/-) (10 bob) ----------_ --$2..50 cents. Crown (rare)-5 shillings (5s. is based on comparative purchase power rather than on international exchange rates.. S.. British U.) ---------------------------------2 cents.' The table of equivalents given below.

Expensive articles such as furniture.204 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY b. automobiles. I stone -----------------_-------------_ 14 pounds ("I weigh 12 stone 7" .000. I imperial bushel -------------------1. ton (short ton. 1 shilling. _ .--------weigh 175 pounds. S.0. 1 trillion (1.) is 2. are usually priced in guineas.______ 2.03 pecks.032 dry quarts. . I imperial gallon _---------. 1 hundredweight (cwt.205 gallons (roughly _ quarts).000)___ 1 quadrillion. 5 imperial gallons --------------------__ _4 About 6 gallons. or cental) is 100 pounds. Differences The following differences between British and U.. which is equal to 1 pound.. _ .000.. when an article sells for a guinea.000. long (20 long cwt..000. . J imperial quart 5 2 The British hundredweight (long hundredweight) is 112 pounds. the purchaser is expected to pay 1 pound. Thus..) -----------..000.240 pounds. half penny ("tup'nce-hayp'ny"). 11.000) ----1 quintillion.. whereas the U.000..") "I 1 quarter (28 pounds) --------------------1 quarter (25 pounds)...1 mile.000.. 1 billion (1.000...7. S..000. I imperial peck 1. below): British United Slates J. I thousand billions (1.).. a 1 ton.. weights and measures should be particularly noted (see also f..000..000..000.000. orthousandmillions (1..bushels.3 1 statute mile -----------------------. long -------------112 pounds.. hundredweight (short hundredweight. such as a guinea.000. 1. jewelry.000 pounds. 1.2 liquid quarts. 1 milliard. etc... Other Monetary Terms The British also refer to coins no longer in existence.. or 20 short cwt. Articles which commonly sell for a nickel in the United States often sell in the United Kingdom for the equivalent of two pence. . whereas the U..240 pounds. i shilling. precious stones..000) -------------_ 1 trillion. 2..000)__ 1 billion. S.. WEIGHTS AND-MEASURES a. 3 The British ton (long ton) is 2.

SAE horsepower is computed by the formula SAE HP equals .1416. S.APPENDIX D 205 b. D 2 being the square of the cylinder bore in inches and N being the number of cylinders.0 0 0 ' Q being the measured torque in foot-pounds. In some tables of equivalents.4D 2 N. Brake horsepower is computed by the formula BHP -= QN or being 3.000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute (or 550 pounds 1 foot in 1 second). but the Willys /4-ton engine has brake horsepower of 63 and SAE horsepower of 15. The results obtained by this method approximate those obtained by all other methods except the SAE formula.7. as in the United States. is the simplest and most common method of computing horsepower. all of which are similar. horsepower may be computed in a variety of ways. . Often the British rate their vehicles by the arbitrary formula of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)." horsepower. since the SAE formula has no mathematical or even empirical relationship to other methods of computing horsepower. which is normally used in the United States. The brake horsepower formula. the GM 270 engine has brake horsepower of 95 and SAE horsepower of approximately 34. However. it is impossible to establish a conversion factor for SAE horsepower.5. Horsepower In Great Britain. For example. One horsepower is the unit of force required to raise 33. and N being the measured speed in revolutions per minute. 2 3 3 . i "British" horsepower is given as equal to 3 "U. but such a ratio is incorrect.

Gasoline.206 BRITISH MILITARY TERMINOLOGY c. 4 Conversion formulas given in this section are for imperial gallons. (c) One 5-gallon drum of lubricating oil weighs 54 pounds. use the following formulas: (a) Petrol gallons 300 ong tons. and Water4 (1) Formulas. (b) One 4-gallon petrol can of water weighs 42%4 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon can of petrol weighs 193 pounds. 240 (2) Weight of gasoline and oil. . (b) One 4-gallon can of petrol weighs 3542 pounds.-For converting petrol (gasoline) and oil to long tons. (3) Weight of water in gasoline cans and oil drums. (c) One 5-gallon oil drum of water weighs 60 pounds. (a) One 2-gallon petrol can of water weighs 23 % pounds. (b) Oil gallons 2long tons. Oil.

2112 . 1.0845 . 1529 1.3168 2.2367 12.1267 . 157 .5.8 1 1. 000 .157 3 2.44 30.Stat. Representative Fraction (RF) and Equivalent British and Metric Scales Milesto Inchesto K to t l inch 1mile 1c 5 M.25 3 . That adopted by the British Hydrographic Office is 6.0395 1.01 126. 168 .0667 1 .Fur Fathute Meters ic e me.014 .15155 statute miles. 000 80.8447 50 40 30 20 15 10 7.0422 .75 63.184 . 515 1 73. 1.0 yards.3333 . British and Metric Units of Length (tea[ Ge.333 F 1 to Milesto Inches to Kms to Cms to 1inch 1mile 1cm 1 km 1 1 .APPEINDIX P 207 d.224 .829 2 6 1 1.5 30.1 M.72 . 046 63.7891 42. 117 2. 223 1 1.000 1.0211 . 000 100.4224 .02 . 333 3. .1333 .05 .853. 000 190. 600 500. 946 4 4. 720 125.9864 50.946 3.5 2 1. 281 1 3 1 9.014. 360 1 62.67 15.0333 . 3 M. 560 .005 1. 35 31.2 meters).Kilo.0789 2. 370 7. 344 4 .901 1. . 500 .12 2.672 .157 15. 2M. S.3168 .8 1. 440 250.4 2 . 1 M. 4 2.longs Chains Mile I Miles ters 1 1.0079 e. 750. 1584 . but because the earth is not a perfect sphere.680 .1 12 . 36 . 71 546. 000 78.0158 . 855. 000 253.20 feet (1.2 . 240 . 500 . 000 126.920 792 72 39.971 1. 25.584 .1 . 087.0176 63.25 1 8 .4224 1. 23 1. 934 100. 800 300. 1.3. 367 2 1. 267 1. 2 220 660 I 11 20.367 2. 578 1. 000 .0634 .6667 40.3333 . 760 5.093. .7891 .000 .54 I The geographical.1584 . 6 3. 971 491. 313 6 667 7.0273 1. 0936 3.6336 1. 2.025 36 .000 100 B4t 9 4. 94 -20 40 56. 735 5 6. Coast and Geodetic Survey is 6080.4 .4735 25. 336 1 4 3. 000 4. 120 . 34 .267 .248 meters.57 23. 000 633.5 6.5 .3946 .317 .15: 5 .5 1. 336 . 8554 9.1578 5.12 22 66 1 1. 000 75.609. 000 200. several different values are in use. 5 1.0317 .5 1.0127 . 48 20. 4 M. 029.97 1 Yards Feet Links Inches Centimeters 92. 000 316.792 .6093 8 1 4. 5 3. 263 1.5069 .6 2. 891 6.973 1.2534 .0833 .000 .5 5261 6667 .2112 3. 13 47.080 feet (1. 313 5 4. 280 .1267 . 080 150.000 20.168 3 2:534 2.0528 12 67 . 360 39. 280. and is called the Admiralty mile.027. 78 11.6336 -.3946 21. 000 .25 .84 10 7. 000 400. 667 1 10. 280 49.2534 2. 000 . s2 109 200 .3 1. 2.625 1. 012 183 100 91. 537 160. 000 . 534 .7600 . ms to m .92 1 185.4. 1.3333 20.112 3 2. 1 6.05 25.6313 31.853. 10. 840 . 91 63..2 .000 .85325 kilometers). 8 16 110 201. 223 8. or sea mile is the length of a minute of latitude. 891 9. 2 80 880 1. 470 10 18.735 4 3. nautical.578 1.2. 000 . that of the U.25 1.6 .025 .1056 6. 37 36 12 7.0158 500 . 21 600 of a great circle of the earth.2 25 .25 15.1578 . 4 .

... 0 .Foot-pounds -.....------.Cubic meters_-----------------_ .... 0254 39.0833 12.. 223 _ ilograms per square centi.. .76 Gallons -----------Liters -4..28.....001 818 2 Kilogram-meters per second -76.0547 18..986 1. .002 02 14...97 Tons (short) Tolls (long) -----.-.001 55 Square inches -------------Square millimeters .5399 Inches-------------------------Millimeters ...----------------Watts -. 16...453 59 2.---0648 15..47 .039 37=inches.------.. 78 ..0 Feet------------------------Meters.. 802 .304 8 3.04 .387 . ..----------Feet per second -. 04 .06 2.227 3.0164 61............ .. 093 6 Miles---------------------------Kilometers -.867 4 645.. .36 Joules per second -------Horsepower--------.. .205 .--..6 6.... .---------Fahrenheit -(F-32) Joules ---------------------..070 31 Pounds per square inch meter.. Watt-hours .609 34 ....011 363 6 88..019 68 Hundredweight (112 pounds) . Feet per second.568 1...236 9 Miles per hour-. 204 62 Hundredweight (112 pounds) ..013 15 Horsepower---------..-. 764 Cubic inches . 1..014 Force de cheval----------Horsepower---------X5/9 CX9/5+32 Centigrade -....0 Feet per minute. -._---.986 3 Horsepower Foot-pounds per secondl550..984 2 Ounces 35... 280 8 Feet per se ond____ ilometers per hour 1. --.------. Column 2Xreciprocal=column 1: millimetersX... Miles per hour.02835 Kilograms----------Pounds per yard-------Kilograms per kilometer 496..197 Pints -------------------------Liters .447 2..... 288 Meters per minute .-Meters per second .000 948 1055.-....211 1 Gallons (imperial)-Ga llons......609 3 .... 3937 2.589 miles-... 304 .621 37 Miles per hour--K-----nots (6.155 Square centimeters --0--...08 746..06 .------1.913 33 .892 8 1...152 ...061 Cubic inches--Liters -..0377 36... 25.087 feet)-...03527 ..3862 Square kilometersSquare ..-K.12 .K--Kilograms.---.... 432 Grams -. 314 8 Cubic meters Cubic yards 1.0 .016 ....-. .907 2 1...-----.0 Cubic feet _..097 28 . Hectares_ Acres ... 0 Inches --------------------....746 08 Example: Column 1Xmultiplier=column 2: inchcsX25. ..068 03 14..---. U...-----------. Meters--.Grams -. ....8 3.-....Meters per second_ ..4=millimeters.830 Horsepower -------. 706 Pounds persquare inch----Miles per hour----------------. _'_1. 50. 85 Meters per second.36 second. .27 . ..001 340 3 Watts -----.... 4 ..British thermal units per ......161 6. Meters per second -.. Ounces______-_.-..... Quintals_ ...-. Horsepower .. Cubic centimeters_ .... . Horsepower (metric)'l-..340 3 .8361 Square meters--------Square yards--------1.----..208 Measures Column 1 BRITISH -MILITARY TERMINOLOGY f..018 288 Feet per minute --.. ..-. -. 000 948 1055...-..7646 Grains -----------------..Gram calories -.. Kilometers per hour-etr eo --1. Feet per minute 54..092 9 10..________...005 08 196..1... 68 . Atmospheres--------.280 8 Yards -... 508 1.. . 238 8 4.546 .... ... . I The metric horsepower= 75 kilogram-meters per second......308 . General Reference Table for Converting Weights and Column 2 Multiplier Reciprocal . Centimeter .914 4 1.. --Inch_ -.-.. .621 37 Kilometers per hour -.. Kilograms ..--------------Miles per hour ------. S 1..186 Joules-----------British thermal unit -. 35 PoundK ----------.16 .681 82 1..451 Square inches---------Square feet --------.028 32 35.102 2 Tons (short) ------Tons (metric) --Tons (long) --------Tons (metric) 1..001 3403 746...000 376 8 Kilowatts -...405 2.039 37 Inches --------------Feet ------... 37 Inches--------------------------Yards-_ --------------------.. K.'466 7 Feet per second .-Square meters. _ .Meters ...013 85 .. 2654.-Kilometers per hour..22 Gallons (water)aCubic feet--....---.08 Horsepower--------...

APPENDIX D 209 :. British Protractor-Obverse YARDS IINCH= I MILE O 00 flD N CA x 0~ . o C oo 0dI 0 a 0 II Z tio f .

PRNTG GOER.210 BRIT I$ tftSt~'MIAIf[ TA~'~:.~~~~U GERNMN S.erf330 540 350 'i~~~~~~~~~~~~* ~~~o" F om o~~~~~ w~~~ nZ + 0~~~~~~~~~~0' C. British Protractor--Rev. RR oG L h. < a ZT- ~~~~~~~-3 U)~~ = -OI~ 0 o ...~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C NI 01 Olrlr l 0 06 I . OFFIC :4 I'11177 111171 IT T-NIN F E 11 .

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