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PeggyAlptekin and Rob Nolasco
Oxfor d Univer sity pr ess

UNIT 1
Siirple present of be
Positive
I ani

7 You 8 I..

. . tionr China. Helen.

Make the sentences negative.
.I.-XAMPI-E

Negative I am not

Question form Am l...?

Sheis at the disco.

\.ouare he is sheis it is we are youare theyare
tm = am tre = are ts = is

rrouarenot he is not sheis not it is not we arenot you arenot theyarenot

fue vou...? Is he...? ls she...? Is it...? Are we...? fue you...? Are they...?

.51,W .h{.tJ. .tha.du.c.o, .16 a.t
I I am from A,nrerica.

2

Mv name is Linda.

Short forms
tn not= affi oot = is not isntt arentt = ?f€ flot

3 We are in l,ondon.

. EXAMPLES My name is Satomi.

4 You are from France.

Minogue. No,sheisn'tK.tlie Is heMichael Jachson? I'm Nick. Short answers Yes,I arn. is. Yes,I-re/she/it Yes.you/we/theyare. No,l'mnot. No,helshe/it isn't. No,you/we/they aren't.

5 Yournameis Eric.

6

It is a spaceship.

7 Peteris from SouthAmerica.
Complete the sentences. Use am, is, or are. e l-.\Ai\4PLE Ir[tchael.!4. . frontAmerica. 1 Peter. . . . . in irospital. Change the sentences into questions. . t.txAlvlPt_t._ Sheis on theplane.

E His nameis John.

2 Sallyancl Howard. . . . . inAfrica.
-l'hcspaceslrip. . . . inAfrica norv. . \.tlr.rrnanre.., . [)aul. .
:! I

lS :l,re .W . t/.a/ pl/6,v1p,
I It is a planc.

... adoctor

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6

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.. 0K:
[.trcyis irrlrosllital

r l[-

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1l l{is firstnameis Rick.
?q

7 2 0 -8 =
()_?-

10 1 8 + 9 = l1 1',2 1 6 * 2 =

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4 \'our sumame Jones. is

I

1l l{er name is A,ngela.

Personal pronouns
6 You are from Chicago.

Singular Plural I we you )'ou
they she it Answer the questions. Use these words. I he she it
,,

I
they you

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I

7 'fhey arefrom England.

B We are in Tokyo.

we

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O EXAMPLE

. .1Q. is in London. Where'sTony?

[l

etr"*.rthe

questions. Use shortanswers.
\/
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. EXAMPLES

1 \\rhere's Shirley? . . . . . is at the party. 2 3 4 Where's Mr Sadler?. . . . . is in hospital. \[4rere is [,ondon?. . . . . is in England. \\4rereare Sheilaand Linda from?. . . . . are from England.

Is Michael from Ameriru/ I Jackson

W ?, Is StefliGraffrom Jafon? N.o.,.S.Lw ; "d!
1 Is Maradonafrom China?

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2 Is Nick from England?
3 .fu'ePrince Charles and PrincessDiana from England?

5 !\trere is NewYork?. . . . . is in America. 6 Hello,Mr andMrs Hill. Are youfromAmerica?
S utr Y es,. . . . . arc' 1t-t.rttt l ' ' rari ci scrl .

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A

Are you from America? ls the penguinfrom the SouthPole?

\Vhere are. . . . . from,Mary? I amfrom Canada.
8 Where are you from?

6 ls Batman from Africa?

,1

Numbers to twenty
Write the answers.
O h\-qMPl-E 2-+2. |O ')" LW " " "

1 2+lI .l I ' 6=
(r

'.1 = x2 :rx4= llrE -

J. I'i=

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Comptete the conversations. Use these w'ords
are

,s

Ir[y

What

[l

Comptete the conversations.
. EXAMPLE

A Wtat's. Lw. . . . narrte?
,

A4ARY TAYLOR Surname
Name... City.... Country

SYDNIY

B . ).rW;. . . Stephanie Green. A Were's. .5fu . . . frottt? . ^t:..fro m ' Lotud^ol'u 8 ..)t&
-t

Av.5l.8AqIA.

. . . . aut from Svdnev.Svdner'. . .

1 A W hat's B ... A Where's
Tony Smith New York

. . n a me ? . ... T o n y S mit h . from? NewYork.

in Australia

's your name?\\rhere

. . . . y o u f ro m? ant Are from rs in Where

B

S^.\

i"+
rffi
/ { e s-r s \

Name . . MACHIKO AS4NO Surname City... Counby

A ... B She's A W here's B

. . . n a me ?

TOKYO

rAPA.t,!

....?
Liverpool.

Hello!I. . .. . . . . . . Machiko.Mysurname .... Asano.I'm.. .. Tokyo.Tokyr.r ... youfrom

A ... B A B ....

. . . n a me ? Jackson. from? SanFrancisco.
3

is.... Canada?

Japan.

. . . . are you from in Canada?

Nowwriteaboutyou.

A What'syourname? B
Name City... .

A Whereareyou from? B

UNIT 2
lndefinite article
book ruler radio rcetream an eraser umbrella
Use an before a vowel sound.

Alan Mark Mary Tom Anthony Sophie Ellen

nineotreeighttwo threefour seven eight one four six five seventhr-ee three zero four one two six five two ninesix zeroonefour seven six doublefive two seven four three eight two threeonefive six seven zero tw'oseven threeeight five double

Regular plurals
become Pluralwith s. Yuny nouns (1) Plural(2+) Singular presenter Presenters rePofts report cartoons cartoon changes: the Sometimes sPelling quizzes quiz Write thewords.
. EXAMPLES

Completethe sentences- Use aor an' . EXAMPLE .W. artist

1 .....calcu la tor 2 . ... . pr o g r amme 3 . ....ice - cr e a m
.. pen

5 6 7
8

.. . Alfa-Romeo . . . housewife ... quiz ..... eraser

A/n/ 6,erogla442, " " t'

turooaa.&fS
Phone numbers
Write the phone numbers in kslie's notebook.

t nt t[___ll lrrlllrl

w

65'ffi

Afan ttlerh trlary Tom

3479182

€ffie
=

ffi

Anthony Sophie

ffi t
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C::>

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.[eff 's fam{Y
is Hi! I'm Jeff.I'm fronr Oxford,in England.Today my birthday and I'm tn'elveyearsold. Rick is my brother. He's a student.He's fifteen.My father,Chafles,is a Her nameis doctor.My motheris an Englishteacher. Helen. I'm a goodstudent.My favouritelessonis English. My favouritesport is football. Read the passageand answerthe questions. Use firll sentences. 1 WhereisJefffrom? He .. How old is he? H e..
1

Write Orequestions, ,Arethey shrdents? $rhat's your telephone number? you? *Iow are ,What'shis name? [s shea good teacher? .Whatdo you think it is? How old are you? ;Where's from? it this a computer? -Is
OEXAMPLE

How old., tu(o t't tl*t' i""""i- /
It's 3270882.

Who is Rick? Rick is his . . Is Jeffa good student?

2
No. it isn'L It's a calculator.

3
Yes,sheis. 5 What is his favouritelesson? His . . What is his favouritesport? His. . Whataboutyou? .,,
Fine. thanks. 4

No, theyaren't. I think it's a spaceship.

7 Howold areyou? I.. 8 Are you a good student?

It's fromJapan. Ben. His name's

lesson? Whatis your favourite M y. . l0 What is your favouritesport? M y. .

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UNIT3
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the sentencesin exercise'.{ negative.

O EXAMPLE

We l,rarte,nt Qut o rad,io. " ,J '

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haslhave got
Positive havegot -1. you havegot he hasgot she hasgot it hasgot we havegot you havegot theyhavegot Short forms
've = have 's = has haven't = have not hasn't = has not

Negative Question form got I havenot -lj4ye lgot...? you havenot got Havey<iu fot...? Hashe got...? he hasnot got Hasshegot...? shehasnot got Has it got...? it hasnot got we havenot got Havewe got...? you havenot got Haveyougot...? got Havetheygot...? theyhavenot

2 3

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O EXAMPLES We'vegot a pool. She'sgota computer. It hasn'tgot a aideo. I haaen'tgot a Walkman.

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W.it" the questions for these answers.

Short answers Yes.I have.

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No, I haven't.

OEXAMPLE

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key' *o' Mikehasn'tgotthe [t comptetethesentences. rJsehavegotorhas,.-,.

s-9L. EKA.MPLE

+<_ E , _

2.

Yes, they've got a summer-house.
1o

wu.W.qJ& aradio.
1 Ka te
.L rney ... 3 George 4 Thathouse 5 TomandJim 6 L.
6

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Yes,I'vegot a pencil. A pencil?
.' 4' ,

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.... thecassettes.
.... lce-creams.

got No, I haven't a busticket.
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.... threesisters. .... tenrooms.

No, Supermanhasn't got a plane!
16i

.. .. thecalculators.

Yes,this hotel has got a g_vmnasium.

,/

.. apassport. ... aswimming-pool.

7
Yes, this villa has gotJhree bedrooms.

7'lhishotel.

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table andnrite sentences.

Demonstratives (11
Singular this that

O EXAI,{PLES

ffiPffi
G:4"-''::'#1 G:4"-'.
:'#1

This uilla hasgot twobedrooms. Who's that?

at a a"Lu,lota( and. a,
Complete the sentences. Use thisor thaL o EXAMPLES
edol5?f.

T.l'.ry isa ruler. Tw isawatch'
... lsapen.

G G

f

... isadictionary.

/.6
\,2
N@ G

. . . is an old car.

... isakey.

fffil

... isatelevision.

W

... isapassport. l)-g'

7

... isapalmtree.

ffi H
G G

@

8

.. ... isacassette.

. . . . is a n u mb re lla .

R

A school on Mars
to I'm Welcome our school. Trinon andI'm a student a has classrooms, here.This school got twenty-four gymnasium, swimming-pool, two tenniscourts. a and havegot The schoolis very modern. The classrooms The videos, and televisions, computers robots. here!We computers robotsarethe teachers and got anybooks,pencils pens.It's a verygood or haven't But school, andI'm happy. this schoolisn't on Earth. It's on Mars! Read the passageand answer the questions. Use full sentences. 1 Who isTrinon? H e .. 2 Where is he from? He 3 Hasthe schoolgot thirty classrooms? [l mof.atthe chartandwrite the questions.
Computer i Walkman
I

Calculator

i ,/,)( l ___

Dave

Rose
O EXAMPLE

You
Anna

H.W .rlry.gq|.a' walhtae'a't+
Yes.I ha{e.

?

You Bruce You Colin You Dave

No.l haven't. And I'vegot a calculator. Yes,I have. No,l haven't.
Yes,I have.And I've got a computer.

got? What havethe classrooms They .

You Rose

What haven't they got?

fl

Co*ptete the passage.Use thesewords. in on of
Italy.l'm my room

They

from

I'm Hello!My nameis Luciano. I
. London now. I'm a student.

Whereis the school?
I've got a map of Italy

the wall, and a poster

It
. Madonna. And I've got a photograph of my mother and father and sister " aret..... Italynow.

They my desk.

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UNIT4
Demonstratives (2|
Singular this that
O EXAMPLES

Plural
these those

firis rsa guitar. Theseareguitars. Thatis his car. Those are his cars.

4C's timetable

Irok at the pictures and write the questions. Use this, that, these,flrose.
O EXAMPLES

ffi ilil
nlil

Jack's notebooks il| ill

.v. . !:.tfu. g4v.A.m'erwa*.-f
American TV

W

ticket Jenny's

.ryy..T-slei.rts

yourphonenumber

ClarkKent'sglasses

Time
Write the times.
. EXAMPLE

ffi
Japanese cars

.W. . r!'.r. prc?.etzvent..
/

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7 fue thoseAngela's books?

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Possessive form of nouns
With singular nouns we use an apostrophe'+ s. . EXAMPLES Helen'sbook. Batman's car. Answerthe questions.
. EXAMPLE

A

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Possessive adjectives
Singular my your her his its
O EXAMPLES

Plural our your their

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Usepossessive adjectives with a noun.
Myname's Tony. Thisis theiruilla.

Is thisyour car? No, .Q. ttyt't, .&| .\nnt.. 1 Arethoseyourboots? No,.. 2 Is thatyourdress? No,.. 3 Are thoseSue's glasses? No, . . 4 Is this my jacket? No,,. . 5 Are theseyour shirts? No, 6 Is thatyourgranclmother's dress? N o,

(Ben)
Complete ttre passage. Use these words. my your his her its our their .L h.is

Hello. name is Patrick. I'm nine. I have got a brother. His name is Andy and he's eleven.\\re are on holiday in Spain.The hotel is very good and swimming-poolis large. .... ( K a re n ) Andy and I have got a sister. name is Liz. She'ssix years old. mother and father are in the restaurant now.Their friends,Mr and Mrs Bolton, (Irric) are in the restaurant,too. : . . . . . two sous are in the pool. Andyhasgotagirl-friend. " . . . . . girl-friend's name is Sandra.She'sin classat school. (MrJackson) Where is your family?Is 8 . . . . . family here,too?

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ffike)

.. (nryn ro t h c r)

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Andy's holidaY
They're Andy andhis familyareon holidayin Spain. Andy andhis rnotherare in the hotel from l,ondon. room. Nlother Andy!Hurry up! It's 8.55andthe tour is at 9 o'clock. Coming!Is the bus here? Andy l\Iother Yes,it is. Nowwhere'syour brother? He'sdownstairs. Andy lflother Are thosehis shoes? Butwhere'smy No,they'remy shoes. Andy Walkman? hurry up, Andy. Mother Look,it's on the bed.Please Haveyou got the room key? No. Haven'tyou got it? -{ndy llother Oh,no!Whereis it? Ah! It's on the table.Hereyou are,Mum. .Andy Read the dialogue and answer the questions. Use filll sentences. I Where is the hotel,in Englandor in Spain? It... from? Where'sAndy H e.. Where areAndy andhis mother? They . What time is the tour?
Tf

roomkeY? 9 HasAndygotthe

10 Whereis the key?

Ir...

Write the questions for these answers. . EXAMPLE

. .Hqr. *"'p
Fine, thanks.

1
['m from Sydney, Australia.

2
Twelve vears old.

3
I've Yes,I have. Her nameis Denise. got a brother, too.
His nameisJohn. Not at home. But we've got a computer at school.

is My Englishteacher Miss Moran.
It's a quarter to ten. I've got a lessonnow. Goodbye.

5 Is the busat the hotel?

6 HasAndygot a brother?

7

Has Andy got a Walkman?

Whereis his Walkman?

Ir ...

12

q
UN I Ts
Simple present (l I
Positive
I play you play he plays she plays it plal's we play you play they play
and
6

5

. . . (leave)home ateight o'c:lock.She (have) lunch at school..{fter school she

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7 . . . . . (do) her hotrtework.In tlre evettingshe

Negative I don'tplay
you don't play he doesn't play she doesn't play it doesn't play we don't play you don't play they don't play \\.

;:::fi:::,'-,:l;'"' ",,".oc,ock
tennis. 'l'her' 2 GregandTim arefrom Austr-:rlitr. ' . . . . .
live tltcir prai't:trts (go) to school in l-onclortbt'czittstr = in [.ondon.They . . (be) stttdents atl at ...

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In positive staternentsthe third person singular always e.g. plays, sings, teaches. ends in -s or -es, If the base form ends in a consonant+ y, the third person singular ends in 'ies,e.9., studies.
O EXAMPLES

school.In the tuorningfllc'. lj international

,;'::',:" ,::::"*ou*Jil":,: t H:
P' three.Alter schoolthe two bo.'., . . . . (piay)
football.In the eveningtht:r'"' i.ri,r) therr

I play youteach westudy

plays she heteaches shestudies

"";:;;.::"il I H::':::J::i l'cl lt O ho rner'orl.:. n Satrt al,r i r)r'itiI! :, Irr()r: (watcir)lV ancl'l'itt.t " (listen)to music.

for: Usethe simplepresent againand again 1 thingsthathappen
O EXAMPI-E

Lessons startat 9.00a.m. 2 habits
. EXAMPLE

Theydo their homeworkin the euenings. \I

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t-.ompletettre two passageswith the correct
form of the verb.

at passage '2' about Greg and Tim. Make trt-e

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1 1 Lincla livesin NewYork.She' .f;@.s(eo) to a
normal school.Iler lessons pasl ei.ght. She :r . o'clocli, (start)at half

. . (qet up) at seven

(have)breakfastat half pastseven,

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2 The lessonsstart at eight o'clock.

2 I havelunch at schoolon weekdays, I but lunchat schoolat weekends. in 3 They don'tdo their homework the afternoon, but they . . . it in the evenings.

T T F T

is 3 The first lesson maths.

but 4 My brother playsbasketball, my friends and I
School finishes at five o'clock.

4

football. 5 I readin bed.but mv sister.
in bed.

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5 The boyslisten to musicafterschool.

6 My parents listen to classicalmusic, but I
to jazz.

7 Jim playssports, he but 6 They do their homeworkin the afternoons. a musicalinstrument. your address, I 8 I remember but yourphonenumber. 7 Greg watches afterschool. TV

F
T

- John's story
I live in an old house in Dano Street.I am twenty years old. I am a shopkeeper.During the week I get up at half past sevenin the morning. I listen to the radio and have breakfast. After breakfast I leave for the shop. My bus leaves at eight o'clock. I start work at half past eight. I have one hour for lunch. I have lunch in the cafeteria.My day finishes at six o'clock and then I go , home on the bus. In the evening I have dinner at home. After dinner I watch TV or listen to classical music. I go to bed at ten o'clock. I read in bed until eleven o'clock. I don't play a musical instrument, and I don't play a sport. I watch football on fi on Saturdays. I haven't got a brother or sister.I've got a dog. His name is Rags.Ragsis very special.He dancesto disco music. But he doesn't listen to heavy metal. Now complete this report aboutJohn. Johnr .... . . . to schoolbecause he astudent.Heisa Hc'.. . tothe

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8 The boysdo homework Saturday mornings. on

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@ Comptete the sentencesusing the positive or
negative forms of the verb.
O ELAMPLES

II'e danceat thediscoat uteekends, we but

de.neda/vt&. . onweekdays. .
games, we l|e don'tflay computer but Pl4 4 ' 1" J
i

... tenrtis.

Jill gets up at half past six on weekdays,but she . . . at half past six on Saturdays and Strndavs.

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shopin the morning.He s .
for(;
7

. . onehour Wit" the questions and answers.Use these sentences. Whattime do you havebrealiJast? Do you know that girl? Are you at homein the evenings? Haveyou got a computer? No, I don't,but I playtheguitar. of It's Saturday, course. got a question hirn. for Yes.I've The musicteacherdoes.
.EXAMPLE

. - . . In the evelrirtghe

TV or

,.... t o
homework.

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classicalmusic. He e John r0

. . . the pianoor the violin. He . . . a brother or sister.but he
a dog. Its 1rJ

. . . is

I I

Rags.Rags'n very special.

to discomusic. He's

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yourfauouriteday? What's

Days of the Week
Can you find the days of the week in this crossword? 2

TLs Sa+,,wdou4 orf oou,rso. , "' u' "' / ""' '
Yes, I do. But I don't remember her name. Do you act and sing?.

Yes, but I haven't got any computer games. 4 Do you want to taik to the teacher?

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I

At half past seven. 6 violin lessons? Who teaches

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Yes, I do my homework then.

Write five things you do atthe weekends. I

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UNIT6
Simple present (2|
Questionform Do I like...? Do youlike...? Doeshe like...? Doesshelike...? Does like...? it Do we like...? Do youlike...? Do theylike...? Short answers \ es,I/you/we/they do. Yes,helshe/it does. No, I/youlwelthey don't. No, helshe/it doesn't.

Write the questions and give short answers.
. EXAMPLE

the boys/contputer games

bgt .?oetu rW wp&tgwa Yu,.WyV"...
I Georgeand Sophia/cinema

2 Christine/TV

O EXAMPLE Do you like computer gantes?

3 Anna/comics
No, I don't.

Use the simple present for likes and dislikes.
O EXAMPLES

I thinkit's nice. I hate classical music.

4 Dave/music

f;t Lookatthe table.
i I I

fl

W.it" the questions for these answers.

j I i

Ejm

O EXAMPLE

Yes, does. film starts half past it The at nine.
I

. Dwi tl+.tJfl41" stsrt e Wptuj!.1rr,Q
N_o, doesn't to PineStreet. it go This bus goesto Walgreen Street.
Yes, I do. I watch T\r lor two hours every evening.

An n a iX,/i X

Christine
Sophia

No. My murl never buys fast food. She hates it. Yes. I savefifty per cent of my pocket-money t--ver1 week becausi'I want to buy new coml)uter garn('s.

i 'i

Adverbs ol frequency
jobs. No. My friendsdon'thavepart-tinrc No! I think that songis horrible!I hateit.
l

100%

never sometimes usually often
My sister?She never helps me with my homework.

alWayS

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These words answer the question'Horv often...?' O EXAMPT-ES

Nationalities/Languages
[l Wft"t are their nationalities?

I usuallyget uP at 7.00 a.m. I never read comicsin bed. Note that the usual position of adverbsof frequency is before the verb.

T H
{ { {

O EXAMPLE

Rolfisfrorn Munich.
r

He's . .jelYnatw 1 Alex is from Sydney. He's is Marie-Claire from Paris. She's. Elenais fromAthens. She's. Carlosis from Madrid. He's ffrrot languagesdo they speak?
Wu is from China. He speaks Sinanis from Turkey. He speaks Linclais fron'rAmerica. She speaks Marinella is tiom ltaly. She srrcaks

Tick(/) youranswers.

Do you havefast food for lunch? 2 Do you buy magazines? 3 Do you do allyour homework?

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5 Do you saveyourPocketmoney?

7 Do you readcomicsin class?

9 Do you take photographs of yourfriends?
1 0 D o y o u r e m e m b e ry o u ' mother's birthday?

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f f

They.

...;.

whatdo childrenlearnto do? 3 At playschool, They .
What time do schoolsusually start? \owwrite four hue sentences usingyour parbrels answers.
'|-h o.t

What do the students do at eleven o'clock? They . 6 What time do they have lunch? They .

iri Do students havethreehoursof lessons the afternoon?

Going to school in England
llaria Tony When do you start schooiin England? In England,chiidrenusually start school when they are five years old. Sometimes These are schools children go to'playschool'. who are three or four years old. for children you learn to draw and sing At playschool songsand playgames,but you don't start readingor writing or doing maths. from the age of Childrengo to Junior'school five to eleven.When they are eleven or twelve yearsold they go to'secondary'school. And what do you do at school every day? Schoolsusualiystart at nine o'clock in the o'clock,the children go morning.At eleven outsideand play.Then they go to class agairt. Lunch-timeis usuallyat half past twelve. Lessonsstart againat two o'clock and they finish at half pastthree. Sometimesthere is an extra hour afterschool.Studentsplay football or go to a schoolclub, like the 'Computer Club'.Usuallythey go Club'or the'Srvimming half pastthree. home at Read the passageand answerthe questions. Use full sentences. I Deniseis nineyearsold.Doesshe go to playschool? she..

they . . What do students usually afterschool? do They .

Answer the questions aboutyou. 1 On Saturdays,do you watch TV or read books?

llaria Tony

2 What do you usuallydo on Sundays?

3

Do you saveyour moneyor spendit?

4

Do vou like soacestoriesor love stories?

5 Whatdo youcoliect?

6 Whatsoorts voulike? do

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UNIT.'7
5 ... yourhomework.

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lm p e r a t i v e s
Positive The imperativeis the sameas the baseforrn of the verb. Base form take go Imperative take go

Don'ts

6 . Qrn:I!.Q9.
7 8 9 10 ... ... ...

.late. comicsinciass. yourfriend'spencils. songsinclass.

Negative Do not (Don't) + base form
. EXAMPLES

...stupidanswers.

Don'ttake it! Don'tgo! Use the imperativefor:
1 WARNINGS

p

mokatthe students in this classroom!The teacher isveryangrywhen he comes in. What does he say?Write sentencesusing don't.

Be carefull I-ook outl Don't swim whereit's dangerous. 2 rNsrRucroNs Listen. Work in pairs. Readthetext. 3 onoens REeuEsTs oR Speaktome!

t
I

t
remembe r
O EXAMPLE

[l

Co-ptete the list of clo'sancl don'ts. I Ise these words.

be come giae listen read sing speak take wear SCHOOLRULES Do's 1
Z

Dowt ea'C or duir"'e.
1

I I I T
I I I I

.l-ry.tnry.

teactter. tuttte
. . . English class. in

L

J

,1

5 6
19

I

. ,..t

, ; , . . , 1 " t . . -,

Possessive pronouns Singular Plural
mine .vours his
L llcI ^- ^ )

Is this our timetable 4C's? , or It isn'ttheirs. . . . It's Whosered pencilcaseis this,yours or Steve's? My pencilcaseis blue.That's mine. giveit to me. I wantto usethat camera. Please Sony, but it's not . . . @ Comptetethe sentences.Use a possessive
form of the word in brackets.
';;

ours

yours theirs

. . . . , not

pronouns withoutnouns. Usepossessive
. EKAMPLES

It's myT-shirt. mine. That's Yes, Is thisHelen's? it's hers.

fl

2// Co-plete the sentences.
oEXAMPLE

l' "-','or'l
r'i:.)

guitar.17', .lWs. Thisis Susy's 1 This is my room.It's .'. . . . It's 2 Thatis yourmoney. . . . . . They're 3 Thoseareour cases. 4 Thatcaris Tom's.It's . . . . .

-*'
t/

.'*': r y''"L: F/F;t ) ^;"

. EXAMPLE This T-shirt is . Ylulwe. . . . (O

That T-shirt .lW|. . . . . . (Ann) is Qry. . . . . . T-shirts new.(we) are H.f;.. . .. zs otd.(she)

1 ... houseis in Spruce Street. (Dick andJane) . . . . is in SilverStreet.(we) . . . . hasgot eightrooms.(they) (we) . . . . hasgot seven. 2 T h a t is . . . . d ic t io n a ry . $ o u ) . . . . (I ) n a m e o n i l .(D nameon it.
.. desk.

TheY're are 5 These our bicycles. car. 6 This is Mr andMrs Blake's It's . . . . p Co*ptete the answers.Use a pronoun.

. EXAMPLE

yourlunchmoney Susy's? or Is this 1..', It isn'thers. nh'e. I Is thisyourcoatorTom's? Youknowit's notmine.It's
I

T h is d ic t io n a ry is . .... hasgot... .... hasn'tgot.. (you)

Whose T-shirtis that,yoursor Maria's? It's notmine.I thinkit's or Is thisourrecord, is it SamandSheila's? I thinkifs . . . Is thismy notebook? Yes,it's . . . . . It'sgotyour nameon it. . It isn'tours. (Stephen)

homeworkison..

. . . . is o n . . .

. desk.(Sue)

. . . . work is terrible.(he) . . . . work is great.(she)

.,,""' *'. _* ,Tl * ; r" * : . "

...'
...:i .a

i .

Julia's denim jacket

i. '.' .',;

.i: ' :::,.: :'

,:''

+ I
I

i !

I

JuliaGibbswantsto buy a denimjacket,but her mother thinks they're horrible. Julia and her friends think they're great.Julia's friend Kathy has got a denimjacket.It's new,but it looks old, and she likes that.Julia asksher mum for money,but she doesn't want to give Julia any money for a denim jacket. 'Haven'tyou got any money?' asksMrs Gibbs.'I give you pocket-nroney every week.What do you do with it?' 'Mum, you know I usualll'spendit. I Julia ansu'ers, and get magazines and comicsand cassetles, sometimesi buy sweets.' 'Don't Julia'smum tellsJulia to saveher mone-v. his. He Your brother saves spendit all,' she says. wantsto buy a computergame.' 'l know,' answers Julia.'But I don't savemine.And Mum. I need a my friends don't savetheirsl Please, denim jacket. All my friends have them.' Read the passage and answer the questions. Use full sentences.

1 0 What do you think Julia'sntothersaysat the end
of the story?

Itis nowtheyear 2025 andyou have a son, Mark and a daughter, Kim. What do you say to them? Use positive or negative imperatives. 1 Mark spendsall his pocket-money.

2 Kim nevertidiesher room.

S4ratdoes Juliawantto buy? She . Who hasgota denimjacket?

3

Mark doesn't listen to his teacherin class.

4

Mark wantsto smoke.You think it's dangerous.

tor? Wtrat does Juliaaskhermother She .
4 What doesJuliado with her pocket-i'noney? She What does she buy? She . 6 l\trat doesher mum tell her? She

5

Mark alwayslistens to rock music. You hate it.

n

n

6

You are on the beach.Kin wantsto swim alone

Kim alwaysplays computer games.She often doesn'tdo her homework.

I I I I I I I I I I I

8

You don't like it. Kim playsthe drums at rnidnight.

t
I I I I I

7 tr\rtro saves money? his

8 Why is her brothersavinghis pocket-money?
LI^

r1tr

'21

j -,:..j

Mo n t h s o f t he ye a r
\\hat are the months? i a These months havethirty days.

Iikelhatellove+
O EX,LMPLES .' .]

verb + -ing

I I I I

like doingmy homework. hate watching teleuision. love listeningto music. like ridingbikes.

b These nionths havethirlv-one davs

Spelling the - ing for m
1 2 3 . Add -ing to the base form. watch/watching do/doing Removethe final -e of verirsthat end in -e. ride/riding havelhaving in Double the finai consonant some verl:s. shop/shopping runlrunning

(or This month has tw-enty-eight sometimes nvent-v-nine days).

getlgetting

swim/swimming

:l
j

\ew Year's Dayis in \,iy birthdayis in . . \'1yfavourite monthis because \ly summer holidays in . are

[l

fi.t

(/) whatyou love/like /d,on'tlike/hate. love like don't hate like'

rvrite letters
i

] watch videos : The tenth month of the vear is . . . . I do homework ' get up at six a.m. ' tidy your room
Zl k

I I

Ordinal numbers
\\-rite these numbers in words.
L:L

_*sif l91J
ride bikes
play football i meet your friends go out for lunch cleanthe house :
I

13th 28th 31st 42nd 5gth

lnd 3rd
, i] .

buyclothes

r:h

_19!lL Engtisn goonholi,lry_
saveyour pocket-money

.' j ; :1 ''t+ :'

doesyour school Yearstart?

do you like talkingto?

Question words
What...? words. Where...?arequestion whv...? Theyform Wlr-questions. Who...? followthis order: Wh-questions
12
I

5

...

does your school daYfinish?

6

...

. is the caPitalof France?

Question word + helping verb + subject + main verb .EXAMPLES

has got my eraser?

4 23 1 youlike? What do Wheredoyouliae? Why doyouhatealann clocks? Who doyouloue? p I Firstcomplete ttre questionsusing who, whal when, where,howor wfty.Then match the questionswith the answers. At half pastthree. In September. Theythink it'sboring. In England. Paris. It's greatl I have. listener' a My Mum.She's great Everyweekend.
. EXAMPLE

do some young peoPlehate school?

mit"

the questions for these answers.

.EXAMPLE

I beforefo toschool. it haue at hd[fpastseuen, I usually 1 ..... D-R-A-C-U-L-A. but in Nick?He doeshis homework his bedroom, I do minein the kitchen.
Cleaningher room. Sue hates cleaningher room.

@ .ti4!,e.&1lW. W.@Q

br.ea$lt44U ...

?

Wrval0 . . doyouthinhabout newbike? my .
"

I by Usually bus.But sometimes walkto school.
After school,when the weather is nice. I love riding bikes.

lL's qru'0 " "'J"
often do you go to the cinema?

2 ...

live? PhilColiins does 7

musicis horrible. No,I don'tlike it. I thinkclassical .. is? Don'tyouknowwho BorisBecker He'sa tennis player.
t

I I
I I

22

fl

Ur" the chart to write true sentencesabout
you. Things I love doing

Reporter Roberto Reporter Roberto Reporter

He's from Japan. They live here in Australia,too.

!

Things I like doing
a

Roberto Reporter Roberto Reporter

I play the guitar.

b
3 Things I don'tlike doing Roberto
d

At discos. \\'hat do )'ou want to be?

b 1 Things I hate doing

Reporter Roberto

I like listening music. to

b
Answer the questions aboutyou.

Roberto and 'The Blue Nights'
RobertoKatsumi is the lead singerfor "fhe Blue \ights', a pop group. He's from Austraiia.His father is and Japanese his mother comesfrom Spain.They all lir.ein Australianow. He lovesmusic.He playsthe guitar,and he sings. His bandplaysat discosat weekends. wantsto be a He rock star. But Roberlo a slLrclent. 'flii-iis his Iirst year at is too. the university Syclney, he hasgot horneworkirr in so the evenings during the week.He doesn'tlike rvatchingTV, thinks it's boringbut he likes he listeningto music. Read the passage and complete this interviewwith Roberto Katsumi. i Reporter \!'hat'sthe nameof your group?

1 What time do you get up?

I
2 \\4ren do you leavelor school? I 3 \\hat's your favcuritelesson?
\i V

4 \\hat do you lovedoing?

I
5 \\trat do you hatedoing?

6 Roberto ? Reporter Roberto

\\here do you usuallygo on holida-v?

I'm from Australia

7 \!'hat do vou think is boring? I 8 \\hat do -v-ou at weekends? do

I
')l :1

t
UNITg
there is/there are
Singular there is
. t.]Kf\lPLES

Plural there are

some/any
some=anumberof \\''e use somein positivesentences.
a EKA.-N,IPLE

There is a lake. There are somecontputers.

Thereare some tennis-courts. We use any in negativesentences and questions.
. EXAMPLES

\Vhere are these things in Mary's school? lVrite the name of the room. afi room matlrcroom gym|raslum nxl(,src room,

Therearen't any beaches. ourts? Are there any t ennis-c Write questions and answers about the Sunny Beach Holiday Camp (/ =!es, X = no).
. EXAMPLES

. EKAMPLE

mafih4 ryqryY.ort . fiueproblems theblackboard
1 a football
O : ^ ^ : ,^,. ^ ^ :.-l r rr[:r-l r ^< 5 sr Pd ]

Is t/ae,roa'h, a,rt rooh',

Z
/;
1) l.

\q,./p.r.o.f.vyt..
Aro ?{+oret " J " BMX b,tkes a,yu4

(art roomJ

I I I I I I I I

3 4 5

two guitars two track suits a calculator

Yes,t4wre, *ro..

(BMX bikes\

?

t
I

(water sporis)

Nowwrite sentences using there isor there are. Use the words from 1-5 above.
. IIX,{MPLE

t7 lv)
'

.....4

Thare-'a/ra'J'fwe, 't'Dr6bl4,yr,"J l/^n n4t/u b4,

roow.

E

pooi t.*in,..i"g

t
I
I

e
tt
Z

(pl ay ground)

(hors es )

(vri ndsurfng l es s ons ) i

t
I I
I I

{restaurant)

,l)

zi.)

I

.-

'

r t' ,.-

l ' .,'.'i

" The Gosgrove Language GamP and Do Doyoulikeswimming tennis? youwantto ride

7

You can go dancing every night.

horses or learnjudo? Do you want to speak English? If !-our answeris 'yes',the Cosgrovelanguage Camp is the summer schoolfor you. It's got all these- and norel Do you w'antto paint?There's a big art room' Do you CosgroveCamp has got a gym, iike playing basketball? roo. Are you good at canoeingand swimming?The CosgroveCamphas got a great lake. alsolearn EnglishlThere are three Of course,you'11 hours of lessonsevery morning, but there isn't any homework.There'sa quietreadingroom and a computer room where you can play computer games. In the eveningsthere are films, and at weekends we've got a great disco. You can make new friends,too.There are students Irom all over the world. Cometo the Cosgrove language Camp.It's the placefor you! Tme or false? Write T for true; write F for false. Change the sentences which are false.
O EXAMPLE

8

Students are from all over the world.

Katy is at an international summer camp fo. girts. She writes to her mother everyweek. Complete IGt:/s letter with these words. any because field are art at playing some swim horses like there usually Dear Mother, How are you? i'm fine. This camp is greatl I really ..... course. it.I'vegot aregirls ..... newfriends,of ......Mexico, from tennis

Therearefilms in the morning.

F Tlten 9(ry1. ry?fu tw.tly,
The CosgroveCamphas got tennis courts.

France, Italy, Japanand America.There 5 two swimming-poolshere,so16 . . . . . . . . every .. morning before breakfast.Then there are

I

2 There's a judo teacherat the CosgroveCamp. Marinella Camphasn'tgot any canoes. 3 The Cosgrove
go to the tt

llike" Iessons.

e

.... with

she'sreallygood tennis.She'sfrom ltalv. Sometimes we room to drawor paint. . They are in a big discos

-l There are English lessonsat the Cosgrove Camp.

Sometimeswe ride
13

There aren't il

There isn't a computerroom at the Cosgrove Camp.

near the camp, so in the evenings rs we watchTV. I hate that. It's boring.Well, goodbyefor now. Piease write to mel

There is homeworkin the afternoon.

Love,
Kr l r r

uNlt'to
How much?/How many?
//7 *'ords. (Somegrammarbooks cali them There ut" countables.) bowls cans bottles They have a plural form. rt\sLdrILrrcrrr words. (Somegrammarbooks call thern There ur" I uncountables.) meat pasta rice coca-cola They do not have a plural form. lVe say 'How many cans,bowls, bottles, etc.?' 'How much rice, pasta,meat, etc.?' "

rr
in your lunch box?(food)
t..

-

in the packet? (butter) R "

on rit" tuUi"l f".*tp"p".s)
in the car? (people) 10 l0 of on your plate?(srices bread)

t
-

I
I

11

(-on";t irryou.po.i.rl

I

I
[f much or W.it" questions using ho+v how many.

ft

use thesewords. comptetethe dialogue.
how manY is there

. EXAMPLE

in yourcup?(tea) 1 2 :l 4

. .@ .t|qr. r,w,clt/. LW.q.qry!'.qt0. J ' ' 'J
.. (cassettes) at home? .. (hornework) today? .. (horses) yourfarm? (stamps) in your alburn? 5 6 .. (sun-cream) in that bottle? .. (tirne) for lunch?

how much some any there isn't are there

t

Sue wants to have aparty. She'sat the supermarket with her mother. Mum I Have we got . . . fizz.vdrinks /

T T
a. I tT

sue ;:T;"gor2
Mum *"*, Sue Mum Only wo, I think. Let'sbuy ten bottles.
they? Sue Mum €1 each. Right. What about peanuts?

ita.' I cc,ca-co
Do are . . . ' bottles there? you

. . . . are

I
. . . . . anypeanutsathorne?

I

Sue Mum

No, we haven'tgot " . OK, then. Buy ten packetsof peanuts,too.

t
2T t
I

rF
I

rF
l -

I

And do your friends like orangejuice? Of course!We can buy 7 Pocket-money? get .€3a week. I

..

a. . . :

)

8 orangejuice. Good idea.

lt's over100kilometres Odord. to
The expresstrain leavesat a quarterpastten.

cartons?

NIum I thinkthreeis OK.Oh,e
anybreadat home tor dinner.Get a loaf of bread,please. Sue 70p.Are we readi,-norv? ..... isit?

A close encounter
It's fwelve o'clock at night. Peter and Alex are camping in a fieid near their house.The boys think it's scary becausethere aren't any lights and it's very quiet. The weather is warm. They see a light in the sl'1y! it a plane?No. Is it a is spaceship? UFO? What is it? Is it real?They wait and A watch.The light comes down and stopsin the field.It is very close. A door opens.There's an alienl It walks to Peter and Alex. Does it want to speak to them?The alien is in front of them....

Information questions
How much...? How many...? How old...? How far...? Whattime...?
. EXAMPLES

Howmuchisit? Howmanydo you want? How old areyou? Howfaris it to l,ondon? the lWat time does train leaue? Write the questions. Use howmuch, howmany, how old, how far or what time. . EXA,\{PLE Hov.t wta,va,tpdrO a,(o'u/1/ t4o1//tfut;/^4 ? ' t' ' ./ 'J ".y"" "'J1' andfather, ntysister, and me. That's my TJtere's mother four. iVIysisteris threeyearsold.

[l

Reaa t]re passageand answer the questions. Use full sentences.

1 Whattime is it? It 2 l\4rerearethe boys?
'fh arr

\\4ry is it scary?
It

Whatdo theysee? they . \4rhere doesit stop?

My aunt? Shehasn'tgot anychilclren.

It
6 \[rfrat contes out?

I r:,

' .,+4-:,.'; .,;lf,+.ii' .

. -,

-,:r.jr - .i.

{ fl Comptete the dialogue using these questions.

ffi
\

I
;

\?""#":j.;"0'
-r-----1,
herer /'o^" from \

\

Ahg do gou ask?

[l

m"f.atthis listoffood and drink.
potatoes milh nteat tornatoes rolls juice eggs cornflakes bread rice toast Pasta cheese Which ones do people usually have 2 for lunch ordinner? 1 forbrealdast?

is gutr \ U*u far n 1

ft;r;e

I

Hoa mang friende hooe gou gof in fhof spoceshrp?

r
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

Are gut reallg from ouler sPoce(

Peter Who are you, and where are you from? Don't worry, from outer space. Alien I'm Robonon,
my friend. I'm not dangerous.

Peter
3 Alien Peter There are three of us. 2 What do you usually have for brealdast?

I r,uwalkt lWq
J

I'm well... erm... notsurei Because...
or believe UFOs... alierts. in '

Alien

Of courselLook at me and look at my spaceship.

]!l Whatare t]rese?
O EX,{MPLE

Peter

Weil, not now.But tell me, " It Millions of kilometres. takessevenmonths to travel here in the spaceship.

Alien

at bol/\fu o{sotw ""v""t'

Peter

Alien

Oh, yes please. iove i:ar1htood. NIv friends I want to eat too. Here you are.Take everythingyou rvant.

o

Peter

UNITI1
The present progressive
Positive ^ a:-i sining '. i are sitting := is sining .-: is sifting -: :s sitting '.'': are sitting . - r are sining ::.]-are sitting Negative I am not sitting you are not sifting he is not sitting sheis not sifting it is not sitting we are not sitting you are not sifting they are not sitting

[f

progfessive form of the verb in brackets.
O EXAMPLE Hp 14 lNTL,ti?'a .J.

Comptetet]re sentences.Use the present

. . . al ettertohi spen- f r iend. ( wr it e)

I

She

newboots.(try on) . in the field. (run)
...mylunchnow.(have) . judo. (learrr)

2 The horses
3I.

4 You 5 The students

the maths problems from the blackboard. (copy) 6 Mark and Tom lessons. (take) Japanese 7 My dad in the room next door. (work)

Questionform Is it sirting? -:;:. I sitting? .i:e y-ousitting? Are we sitting? he sitting? Are you sitting? '= .. shesitting? Are they sifting? 1le positiveform is the presenttenseof be+ the -ing n't/notcomesafter a -,:n of a verb.in the negative, - .-n of be. F,.rr how to spellthe -ingform, seethe grammar review Lnit 8. - -r:

8 Your sisters

. . . in front of me. (sit)

Make yes/no questions.
O EK\\{PLE

Shortforms I':: sining I'm notsitting :.: she/it'ssitting he/she/it isn'tsitting / w-elthey're sitting you/ we/ theyaren'tsitting '"',rri
.:]i{\1PLES

He is walking to school.

. IS.lrc w"rniw '"''J

ta so,haal,

1 You are drinkingcoffee.

are ',")rat ylu doing? I'm drawing a picture. ; isn't wearing jeans. -.,: Short answers 'r-es. am. i No, I'm not. 'fes. helshe/it is. No, helshe/it isn't. y-ou/we /they are. No, you/we/they aren't. -:-es.
. :...i\IPLE

2

fhe s4r is ealingirs foorl

3

I am talking to Jane.

:,. )'ottlistening? Yes,I am. -:e progressive NOW and for things the present tbr ..::pening at the timeof speaking.

4

They are using sun-creant.

5

Mr Smith is wear-ing har. a

6 They are speaking(ierrlan

* ' i"aJIIi;i i'+1

:tl ,' ;;

t' "'

,...

7

Sallyis buying a snack.

3 (Frank)

B John and Mary are going to the disco.

4 (Sue)

9

We are going swimming. 5 (Helen)

l0

The UFO is comins to Earth.

@

I-"ot at the table and write sentences about these people.
J ob doctor Usually Now

[l

Comptetethe sentences.Use the simple
present or present progressive form ofthe verb in brackets. . a new shirt today. (wear) . ...Tvintheevenings . .....

Name Sam Sally

. EXAMPLE

workin a hospital stayat home sellT-shirts
driveall day read books do homework

playtennis fly to NewYork
clean the car ri d e a motorcycle
^ ^ ilt >d I

Atex . k .ry%4'4 1 we (watch) 2

r

housewife

L i n da shopkeeper

Frank taxi-driver Sue
teacher

My grandmother.... every morning. (go)

forawalk

3

It's twelve o'clock now.Jell and Mick . . their lunch. (have) :

H e l en student
. EKAMPLE

p l a y a c o m puter garne

41..

.eighthoursanight.(sleep) . . . to her liienci norv. (talk) .windsurfng.lt'sagreatsport.

{o.rfu, HN4+w,tt4 ',fu1/, bt+Lrnow Lr;
I (Sally)

5

l^aura (love)

6I..

computergamesin 7 The girls . . (pia.v) their bedroom now. UsuallyMary. she.. . . jeans,but today . askirt.(wear) . . . her pocket-rnoney on

I I
l I

t

-t

2

(Linda)

She often clothes.(spend)

10 'fhesun
(shine)

....Let'sgoforawalk.

31

rl t
I

P r o b l e m o n fl i g h t 7 4 2

'
Jili lives in New York. Her school starts at eight o'clock in the morning and finishes at two o'clock in the afternoon. This is her timetableon Tuesdays.

Bowley is a pilot. He flies a small plane from Paris _l,rhn :o Romethree times a week.Today there's a big Bowleyis talkingto the policeby problem.Captain radio fuomthe plane.Let's listen. Airlinesflight742from Paris.We 1'This is Sunshine ?:e now about 100kilometresfrom Rome.We've got a ;:oblem on the plane.A man is standinghere. He's .'=1-bad-tempered. got a gun and he's holding a He's box.There'sa womanwith a gun, too. black :::a11 got 11e1-'ve a youngchild. I think they'rekidnapping :=rl Sheisn't their daughter.They say they don't want : -,go to Rome.They are going to Africa, they say, and i'n fl.vingthem there! I don't know where they're from. Piease help...!' are T:resepeople dangerous. The radio is quiet.'Are you all right'ask the police. CaptainBowleydoesn'tanswer.\\hat is happening on :ie plane? Read the passageand answer the questions. IJse full sentences. ^ \\1ro is the pilot of flight742?

6.30 getup 7.00 breaKast 7.30 geton thebus 8.00 Maths 9.00 French 10.00 Science 11.00 lunch

11.30 English 12.30 Geography 13.30 Art 14.30 go home 15.00-16.30 homework go to bed 2I.30

What is your timetable on Tuesdays? Answer the questions. . EXAMPLE What areyou doing whenJill is hauing breahfast?

r....1,u.swp.qg,
1 Slhat are you doing when Jill is getting up?

I
2 l\Ihat are you doing when she'sgetting on the bus?

'2 \4trere flight742usuallyfly Airlines Sunshine does to? Ir .... talking thepolice? to Bowley' ,) \\hy isJohn H e...
What are you doing when she'shaving lunch? I = How far is the planetrorttRorne? \Viratare you doing when she'sin an English class? W/}rat you doing when she's sitting in a are French class?

Ir . . . .
i \\here do the man andwomanwant to go?
Thev

\\4tat are you doing when ,she's doing her homework?

\\try''are theydangerous? Thel'

:

i.i:

iir,':^''''' ' ':.
;i
l.::

i:'i,14;*1:,'
'.j

j,,

.,

.

UNIT 12
can/can't (abilityJ
Negative i cannotsri'im you cannotswlnl he cannotswim she cannotsw'im it cannotsri'im lve cannotswlm you cannot swim they cannotswim Question form Can I s'wim? Canr-ousu'im? Can he srvinr? Cau she srvim? Can it srvirn? Can rve sn'im? Can1.ouswim? Can they swim? Positive I can swim you can swrn.l he can srviur she can srvim it can srvinr we czlnswlnl vou can srvinr they can slvim

I
I
l

No, I can't play the guitar.But I can plarv piano. the Yes, of course I can. My sciroolisn't far. so i walk to school every day. No, I can't sail.But I've got a windsurler.and I go windsurfing. ont J No, I can't do my homelvorkbecause L):iv.-n'r a pen or pencil. Yes, I can.And my father canwrite computer programs,too.

+ + t
t

Short form cantt = cannot lVe often use can't for cannot. Verbs hke can alwayshavethe sameform. There is no -s endings and no -ing form. Use the basetbrm of the verb aftercan.
. EKAMPLES

El Comptetethe sentencesusing can or can'tand
one ofthese phrases. take photographs. speak to the British tourists. go to the concert. do these problems. use the computer.
O EXAMPLE

I canswim. She can'tsleep. Can heplay? Short answers Yes,I/you/5"75iis/rve/ the-v can. No, I/you/he/she/',vel theycan't.

buy it. go on a picnic. answerthe question. carry it in my pocket.

stutty, she??4Q.a.14.ryet' !41'9 so doesn't Janet

a wstiatw. - -.' L/....
I Tom and David havegot two tickcts,so they

t t t t
I

[l

W;t" the questions for these ansrvers.
flse r-';rn.

2 The weather is horrible, so we

3

Bill has got a camera,so he .

4 Yes,I can.I loveridinganrlI lovehurses 5

I've got f,5.That book is €4, so I

t t
I
l I
.)J

but No, I can't, m.vmothcrcan.Shemalits greai hamburgers.

My dictiorraryis very big. so I

difflcult,so slti' 6 Julia thinl<snrathsis vertry

rl t
I

I Alex knows English, so he i know BASIC, so i . .

\\hat can't they do?
a:LL\lPLE

B

W.it" the questions. Use thesewords. Wen Where Howfar

Wo Wat Wat tin'te
. EKAT{PLE

Wr,a,b 90411 . l4/ea,r .tlry
Birds. I can hearYhe birds. After lunch. We can go for a walk after lunch. Two kilometres. John can mn two kilometres.

ffiM
2

Mrs Wood. They can talk to Mrs Wood about their problem.

In the next room. You can try on the ieansin there. At nine o'clock.\\re can starl at nine o'ck-lck. On the lake.You can sailon the lake.

Parts of the body [l un"t thepicture.

3

I

'*i'.,ffl$iSi\,;'
1

r1' ' li''t1jr';

El Comptetethese words. Theyare all parts of
the body. _ac_ e_e __se
J

How long do camelsusually live? They .

q ,l

-o--h __r t_

What can we get from camels? We

T h e d r o m e d ary ca me l
Nlachiko is 1'our newJapanese pen-friend' She's coming to your country for a visit. She's got a long list of questions aboutyou and your country. Answer Machiko's questions. 1 \\1-ratare How many languages can you speak? they?

I I t

Camelslive in hot, dry placeslike Arabia, Iran and Afghanistan.The dromedary camel,orArabian camel, has got one hump on its back.It has extrafood in its hump, notwater. Camelscan't run very fast, but they can walk fifty kilometresin one day with a load of 270liilos. is In summer,their body temperature about34 in degreescentigrade the morning,and 40 degreesin the afternoon.l\4ren they drink water, they can sometimesdrink i00 litres at one time. These animalslive about fwenty-fiveyears.lVe use clothes,and camel'snrilk is very camelhair to mzrke good for r"rs. Read the passageand answer thest' cltri:stiotrs about camels. Use full sentences. I !\4rere do camelslive?

2

Canyou play a musical instmment? \!'hich one?

I
l l

q I
l

i

l

Are there any important museums in your country? What are they?

4

\44rerecan I buy somejeans and T-shirts?

t
l l I

5

tr\4ratdo you do at the ri'eekend?

6

Where can we go disco d4ncing?

They
2 What has the dromedarygot in its hLrirtp? IT 3 Can dromeclary camelsrun fast? , thev 8 !\hat is your favourite poPgroLrP? 7 Which sporls are you good at?

rl

r
I I

,rl'270 walkwitha loacl Howiarcana camel hikrs? Ir . . . .

9

is got Have yor.t a bicycle?\\4rat coloLrr it?

t
I

uNlT 13
must/mustn't
Positive I :rust go r'-,umust go :.( :llust go s:e mustgo -: :rust go -i'emust go ..'-ru must go tle!- must go Negative I must not go you must not go he must not go shemustnot go it must not go we must not go you must not go they must not go

6 You . . 7 You . . 8 You . . 9 You.. 1 0 You . .

eat snacksin class. wear trainers in the gymnasium. send notesto your friends. chewgunr. listen to vour teacher.

fl
1

Wft"t are some of the rules in your school?
Write six of them here.

2
J A tr

Short form mustl't = must not ii. rrs/has no -sending and no -ing form. L se the baseform of the verb aftermust. for L-se trzust necessity.
.:II\'IPLES

6 or musttt't you do when you see @ Wnut these-usf signs?
. EXAMPLE

Ir,-e musteat. Youmustfeed pets. L-sentustn'twhen you are not allowedto do something.
.:L\\IPLE

'i,,,u mustr'tfight! = Don'tfight.'

E

S"Uvis goingto a new school.Here are some
of the school rules. Complete the sentences using mustor musdt't.

O E\\\,IPLE ,)' .( tt1et4brl,Q

(must) 4fr,
.:Z

smoke.

. do all your homework. . be late.

(must) ^:.
^ I lrrl rllt Lrl

You .. You. . You. .

bequiet. room. in be careful thecomputer in sleep class.

^.'-. Itlltf
.-7

....(mustn't)

(mustn't)

,i-:{ii+fffi'.
.

Going to the WOWmuseum
Here's a letter from Jenny'steacher, Mrs L)ovle. Happy birthday! You have got a new robot for 1-our birthday. It can do everythingyou want, but first someone must program tlle robot's conrputer. Fill in the form for the program.

I t
t
I
l

1 1 thN o i ' e a t ber Dear Parentsand Students, Mr Brown and i are taking our classesto the l'lOlV museumon Saturday, December. Sth The studentsmust remembertheseimpoftaninotes: 1 ) T he hr r sleav es h e s c h o o l t 9 a .m .a l d re tu rn s at t a 5 p.m. Be rn front of the building at 8.45a.m.Don't be Iatel 2) Be sure to get your tickets for the schoolbus. You cal buy them at the schooloffice every day fr om 10am t o3n m. 3) We're having lunch rn a restaurant,so you must have some money for lunch. 4) You car wear sports clothes,but pleasedon't rvear old or dirty jeans. (Let's look nicel)
Ynrrrc .l.l ci n n o re l rr /\ /,

R obot

P rogramme

Form

What musc your robot do? P l easeti ck (/) si x j obs

t
I I I I I I I I I

T T

fa cd

wnrrr

n cr <

l ook after your brother/ srster w ash the w i ndow s do your homew ork take your dog for a w al k speak E ngl i shw i th you

n n T n

n n
T T T

T

make your breakfasr cl ean your shoes remember your bi nhday w ri te l etters to your grandmother do the housew ork unoerstano your languoge

(lattreet Uoqfe o
lf,^,,.^^n^.,1^ rvroul EEl1 yu y tv
lalaaa

n u

N ote: l f you w anq you can add tw o speci alj obs here

vrqDD

+ ^^^L^-

Lqoullvl,

au

,l

Write sentences using must. Write lvhat 1'our robot's computer must do. Complete this passage about'Going to the WOW. museum'. Use these words. btty btts can haue nntst tnustn't ofice restauratLt tahing teaclters LL'eor MrsDoyleand MrBrownare I .. . . .Ther.are 1

2
.)

+
5
b

. . . . . theirclassestothe WOWmuseumon the school Stuclents ' . can

the ticketsat the schools . . . . On December5th, the stuclents schoolat 8.45. They ;
t,,^.-L :^ .. I navrngllrncnlna ... 1..,.,:^^

. . . . . be zrr

t
I I
I

. . . . be late.Tho''re ,sothcr.rnusl

. . . . . sonlemoney.The teachersa1:s 11.t"t' rvear sportsclothes, the_v but rrrusht't
Li

olr l t ' lo th c s .

r

|

!

t

_t

UNIT 14
Present progressive (futureI
',\-ecar use the presentprogressive talk about to nextyear, next ::::re planswith words like: tomorrow, tonight,at the weehend' Monday,this euening' :,.,,i,.ltt
. :}-:,}1FLES

Ellen

Could you take care of my pet birds for me, please? lVe're going abroadon holiday.

Liz

Sure.l\4ren7
2

... you

Ellen

OnFriday.Wes. o'clockin the morning.We

.. atsix

',r.1: are you doing at theweehend? i: m plalingtennis tomorrow. !"m notvisitingher on ThursdaY. Ellen [l Compt"te the two dialogues. Use the present progressive form ofthese verbs. start

. . . . . the caravanto Portugal. That's nice.How long you.. For ten days.We tt on August 1Sth. That's great. Send me a postcard,OK? Have a nice tripl 10

. inPortugal?

take -;ic.. help leaue flaY .:r'- e mahe aisit come go Robert \Iary

Hi, Mary. What are you doing tomorrow? Well,in the morningIt''W- t'*Wg my mum with the housework,but in the afternoonl2....'.... What aboutYou? shoPPing.

@ neaOthe text and answerthe questions.
Philip Erasmus is the first-prizewinner inthe WOW! Young Musician of the Year competition.He's going to America. Here's some information about the second-prize winner.

Robert 13....

.....

tenniswithTom,and
Second-prize winner Instrument Prize Dates Plans Laura Smith piano trip to Vienna Decemberl5th-20th f l y t o V i e n n a( D e c . 1 5 t h) and shopping sightseerng ( D e c .1 6 t h ) v i s i t a m u s i c s c h o o l ( D ec. 1 7 th ) g o s k i i n g( D e c . l B t h ) have a rest (Dec. 19th) returnto England(Dec.2Oth)

then we're going to the cinemain the Do evening. Youwantto come,too? llary That would be nice,but I'm afraid I can't. It's andmY Parents my birthdaY, me to the new seafood Then after in restaurant the High Street. dinnerwet.. ....... my

I

Whatdoes l-aura play? She

My grandparents. grandmother birthdaY . . . . achocolate cakefor mel

2 Where She

i c she oni no?

I
I

\4rhenis she'leaving? She Hoq,is she travelling? She \!'hat are her plans?

Read the passage and answer the questions. Use full sentences.

1 I
I

1 DoesPhiliolike NewYork?
.....,he 2 l\hat is he doing today?

I

I

He

On the16rh. she
On the 17th,she On the 13rh, she \\Jrenis shegoing honre? She 3 \\ho is lrc travelling riirh?

I
I I

He

\trTrat they doingon October are 6th?
'l-h o.t

t
I

A letter from Philip

and .. How are they getting concert tickets? Their , :

Tuesdag, Srh October Deor llichoel, 6e/1, here I om in Bmerico, / Neu ynrkl | This is mg firsr dag, ond I'm gorng siqhrseeing. The cooch is le-ouing in frfteen minufes. /'m

When are they leaving New York? They Hor.v they going to Californi:r? are They. How long are they stayingin California? ...;. "-

t I
I I I

traoelling uith o group of gotrng musicions from oll oter rhe aoild.. Our progromme ae're mokinq o is oerg 6usg. Tomorroat

record in Sror Studroc in rhe

They .: !\trere are they staying in California? They l0 \41-rat they doing in California? are
-fh prr

morning. Tlt,e,t oe're going ro the Neot York Sgmphong concerr in fhe ofternoon. \ur ,grru,p leader is \uging fhe tickefs noti.. Ae're flging ro Colifornio on Thursdoq for fottr dogs. Theg sog it'c fioe houre to Californio{ \ur group ie stoging ur o 6iq hore/ neor fAe 6eoch,so mog6e 6e (ttn go st,timn.,in.q. Ae're going ro Disneglond too, of cottrsc,. Aell, toke core. / must go no!n. Beef aishes, philip

t
I I
:19

P.S. Cutlrl qcxr please ring mg mum? Con g,u, osk her ro feei mg goldfish eoerg rlog? Thon[s.

I I I

I

:.":.
,I

': ..i

;;::.,1*,.'tt :,

'l::t:.:

Obiect pronouns
Subjectpronouns I ]'ou
i!C

' i'.:::

Objectpronouns
me you him her it
US

Read this note from Barry. Complete the note with your own ideas.

sle :: r-ou :ae!'
O TL{\IPLES

....... i s hrvi ng bir t hday, r ro ;" ;;............ K i mandI arehavi ng parl y nexl a
dul

you them

. . . . . . . . . . al l t' r r f ar t ing at f r iends e ar

you? CanI help speak him. to Fieose postcard. us Send a
Complete the sentences using the correct object pronoun. . 1 Thisjacketisnew,butldon'tlike. 4.. ... . . 2 We're having eggs for breaMast.I love

.:................
prace

.......... o' cl ock. bout A
trme number

comi ng. c' ra W buyi ng ni ce.......... a
rnrng

for a bi rthday prerent. an come? C you

Barry

I 3 Where are my sunglasses? can't find

Nowwrite questions and answers aboutBar4/s note. Use ttre present progressive. ? (who)

1 a

MayItakeapictureof.... greatl

?Youlook ? (when)

5 I can't do this maths.Canyou help . . 6 Helen is in hospital.lct's visit. .
(where)
'l

Petercan'tcometo the phonenow. Could you ring.. .. later? ? (what time)

Li

. Can'tyousee. . . . . . . . . ? Hey!Hereweare! ? (how many)

? (what)

t -. . .

UNIT 15
going to (futureI
Positive I'rn !'ou're he's she's gomg to it',c + \\'e're basetorm Negative I'm not aren't },'OU he isn't she isn't gorngt0 it isn'r + rve aren't basetbnn yoti aren't they aren't

[l

Wf,utare theygoingto do?

. EK{\4PLE

)'oure they're

Questionform Anl Are you Is he Lsshe going to Is it + 111 C WC baseform...? Are you
A rn f h c r r

Short answers Ye s,lam . Yes, helshe/it is. Yes. we/you/they are
. EXAMPLE

No,I'm not. No, he/she,/itisn't. No, we/you/the-varen't.

Is she going to jurnp? Yes, sfte is. Lisegoing /o for tuture plans.
3 ITXANIPLE

I'm going to climb a buiLding nextweek

j Jopons sg l essons sfo rb
l odoy

r
.+l ^1

l I

t
*

()l OIL

o c o

d, l9 ola-

els

at o e

6 Jefflfarmer

7 I-rnda/TVpresenter

Prepositions of time
Monday(s), Tuesday(s) (days the week) of (dates) July 4th June (months) 2001 (years) the morning, evening (timesof the day) winter,autumn,spring,summer (seasons) 7 o'clock (time) night breakfast (meals)

ln
OE)(AMPI-E

Tim/doctor ls Ttrry',. J " a;1ha to bo a. d'ootor "u "'
1 Christine/teacher

qforyw+ b.q ...f,. .f,45.qr;,o.nta N.o.,.Lye. J ..J .rjlr?.
1

Complete the sentences. Use in, on, aL Pleasecome to my birthday parfy . . . . . Saturday ..... twoo'clock.

2 Bill/singer
2 I'mgoing to a sportscamp.

August.It starts

August 3rd.
. . . . . the eveningswe usualiy do our homework.

3 Carol/musician
Then we go to bed. . . . . ten o'clock. We alwayshave our Englishtests. . . . . Mondays.

4 Dan/police-officer

How old are you going to be . . . . . the year 2001?

6 I'm going to talk to my girl-friend . . . . . lunchtime.

42

r:.i.':;;'".' iliit.

T
I I I

Wel c o m e t o N e w Y o rk
in Sudi is going to r,isither pen-friend NervYork. Here'sa letter irom Ellen to Sudi.

What do you think Sudi is going to do in Nt'ri' York?

a I think b I rhink

)ltt M arc h De o r9u d i, My family atd I are tery helfy you're comingto vitit ut rctt weekin your t?rirrg holiday.We'recll goingto meet havet you et the airfort. Thenlou carL /ou're goingto be tery tired rett et home. from the tri7. lou're going to be herefor fifteen dayt, a cotcert to ue ceflgo eterywhere.There't Center-Eut everySeturlay at R.ockefeller nevermind, We if you lon't like concertt, and tholling. can alwaTtgo tightteeing Alicia /ou mutt meetmy tchoolfriendt, andAndy. They live in the houtenett loor. Let'l altogo to their fzrm oneday. They'tegot hortet.Po you like riding? I My mother'l calling me tLlvr. mr+ttgo anl heQ her with dinner. 9eeyou loon! L o te, Elle n 7.9. Coull you bring tomelicturet of your houte andfanily?

c I think
\Vhere do Alicia and AndYlive? They .
c

+ I
t
I I I I I

T

\l'ley does Ellen want to go to the tarnr? Because Does Ellen know Sudi'sfamilY?

7 How do you know?
BecauseEilen saYs

Do you sometimes dream about holidays? On your dream holiday, what are you going to do?

t
I

Read the passageand answer the questions. 1 In rvhichntonthis Sudi'sspringholiday? It.... 2 \!hy mLrst Sucliresl on the day shecotrtes? Because \\'rite a paragraph of slx to eight sentences itbout your dream holidaY. -1:i

t
I I

t t

UNIT 16
S imp l e p a s t of b e
Positive i *'as \\-ere l!-L-,': :e l\'as s:a was
-i' c5

The firstAfrican marathon winner Abebe Bikila. He was from Ethiopia. Aiex and Tom were at the holiday camp this year. They. ... therelastyeartoo. . . . you at schoolyesterday? We

'*'e \l-ere l-ou \l-ere thel- rvere

Negative I was not you were not he was not she was not it was not we were not you were not they were not

Question form Was L..? Were vou...? Was he...? l\ras she...? Was it...? Were we...? Were you...? Were they...?

Why.

were worried about you. v The film . . . . good at all. It was horrible.

10 Her jeanswere ciean,but her shoes dirty.

Short forms wasn't = wasnot weren't= were not
O E\{\IPLES

fl

vr.tu yes/noquestions.

. EXAMPLE

The 1988 Olympics were Seoul. in

I w-as late. There weren't anywomen. \tr-hre wereyoalastnight? e Short answers Yes,I/helshe/itwas. \-es,1'ou/we/they were. No, I/helshe/it wasn't. No,you/we/theyweren't.

Ner.e.t/14 .t.18.9. .Ql44rwl/4 SenwL .;& r
r _ -. . J . r noseisunglass-€ underthe table. b.were

2

Peter was in a crash.

3 Alison was late for school asain.

[f

Co*ptete t]re sentencesusing was, wasn't,
were or werentL Philip.W. . . . atthe swimming-pool 4 The women were in trouble with the police

vesterday. goes there ever-v He day. \lr and Mrs Ciaydenwere at the cinemalast night.They
.l

....

athome.

5 The boys were frightened by the mouse

Don'tberidiculousl . . . . . . . . . inAfricalast I. year.I was here in England.

l

Horvoid

. . . . you on your lastbirthday?

6

Helen was thirteen on her last birthdav.

5 \orv the weather is warn], but fwo days ago it
cold.

.tln:1il;::.i* 'r ' . liri,i:,a rl!

, '. 'i

' ,1

El yaia" the questionsusing the correct form of or present.Then giveshortanswers. (g.v""t
O I'K{\IPLD

going to (predictions)
Lse going /o + baseform to say1t5o,you thinli is going to happen.
O EKfu\.{PLES

Jock/school/today?

k lo*

a,L soh,ovL
He'sat honte.

), \o. .4Q.4M' . i

It's going to rain. She's going to fall.

T I I I
I I

Sr" and Tom/concert/lasr night? Sally is going on a trip. I-ook at the pictures and answer the questions about Sally's trip.

Yes,.. 2

.lwaswiththenr

your hair/ curl:,/when/you/baby?

Ye s,.. straightnorv. 3

.......,bu|

fhe NewKicls the Block/London/this on rveek?

t I I I

No, . . 4

. They'rein New \-,,i-ii

the weather/hot/Finland/in the sunrmer-?

t
Where is she going? She How is she going to travel? She

No ,..

........1r'

5 thevegetableg/fresh?

r \ 0, . y ou / tir e c\/ last ni gh t?

. T l r,,-v e re tc .rr.i b l , w

\dtren is she going to leavei-ondon? She How Iongis sltegoing to stlt_v?

I I I I

No,..

.l'rrrnevertirecl
b

She l\hat is she going to do there? She

t
I I
I

I

"'

" f$5;';""'
8 ' Is he angrynow?

A la t e F r i d a y n i g h t fo r B i l t go and nightI often outwithmyfriends, I OnFriday
get usuall-'- home by eleven o'clock. But last Friday my parentsrvereworried about me becauseit was haif pasrelevenand I wasn't at home. There was a double frlrn at the cinema,you see, so we were late. And then there u-eren'tany buses or taxis on the street at that hour. \\ie weren'tvery happy about it, but there was nothingrvecould dol 'it doesn'tmatter,' said Rick. lAhy don't we walk?' 'Are crazy?'I answered.'lt's four kilometres to -n-ou n1'house.We can'tdo that.' 'l\-eli,we must,'he replied.'Comeonl' So we walked and walked and walked. It was after nvelveo'clock.My father was waiting at the door. He \ras very angry.i talked to him, so now he understands the problem and everything is OK. Read the passage and answer the questions. {Jse full sentences. 1 \\rtrat doesBill like doing on Friday evenings? He... ,

How do you know? Because said' Bill

[l

Wit" full sentencesaboutyou.

1 Were you fat or thin when you were a baby?

2

l\Iho was your teacher when you *"r" ."u"n? Herlhis name

3 Howmanychildrenwere therein your first class? There 4 How old werevou in 1990?

WherewasBill last Fridaynight? He ... worried? Why werehis parents They

5 Strere were you last New Year's Day?

I

1\4rywere he and his friends late?

!\Trere were you and your family on your last birthdav? !Ve

fromthecinema? 5 Howfaris hishouse It . . . . o \\'ho waswaitingat the door? fl WAt" full sentencesabout the Olyrnpics. l\trere werethe 1896 Olympics?
T'h err
^ ,..J

I

\\'as his fatherangry?

l\rhere was Abebe Bikila from?

He
3 \Vho was the winner of the long jump in 1936? 'l'he winner

':

UNIT 17
Sim p l e p a s t (p o si ti ve )
Base form u'ash tidv
. EL{\,{PLES

5

My mother alwayscooks a big meal on Sundav.

(last SLrndal')

I ticiymy roorn every day. . . . lr.'cstc.rdar) Comptete these sentences using the simple past tense.

Past
lvashed t idie d

I washed upthe dishes. He tidied hisrootrt. 'fhe form of the simplepast is the samefor all persons. Use the simplepastfor pastactionsthat are finishe.cl. We often use the simplepastto tell a ston,.

fl

. EK{\IPLE

I don't usually uisitmttsettms, mt I.W&d,rutr'le,r'+t+u whenI u)ason holiday last summer. 1 Graham Forster doesn'tusualiycook the meals,
l - ,,+

uul.

....

kLstweek.

[l

n"*.ite the sentencesin the simple past. Use the words in brackets.

I don't often tall< my maths teacher,but to . . . yesterdav. I don't often borrow money from my friends, but lastmonth. 4 My fatherdoesn't usuailyiron the clothes, but last Saturday

. ELA,MPLE

Robertusuallylistensto the nerus.

H.qlzsl<rtp.d,.tp.t/K &eW.tatt htEW. (hstnight)
I Our lessons alwaysstart at half pasteight.

'.. 2

.

..(yestcrdar,-)

5

My brother sometimes washesthe car at the weekend.

It doesn'toftensnow in Englancl, lastwinter / but
. d l(rt.

{r NIy sistercloesn't oftenhelp rnurvithnrr.honrcu,or-li. (lastweekend) 3 Our famili' usuallywatches'IY in the evenins. . (1-esterdalevrning) .1 I ask ury mum for rnoneyeverr \{onclav. .... but last night

Rules for spelling the r egular fo r r n c l f the simple past
\lost regular verbs acld-edto the basefor-rl. slrow + ed= sltowed kiss + ed = kissecl Verbs ending in e take -d. live+d =liued like+d =Liked Verbsendingin a consonant take-iedbLrt +y lose they. ticly-+ = tidid studr,+ied = stttdied. ied

(lastN,lonclav) 1 2 3

47

h

h

\\'rite the past tense of these verbs and put them into the correctgrouP. .:.toh dance hurry like loue moue washup nitrltiPlJ fush study cry walk
--------l

3

How many pots did Nasrettin Hoca take back to his friend?

He
4 l\Ihat did Nasrettin Hoca say about the srnall oot? He said 5 Why was his friend happ-v?

+ ed

I I

j wa1/Hd/

h
ft

+d

l
6

His
!\4ry did the friend go to Nasreftin Hoca'shouse?

He
Y'- I'
r prl

Nasrettin Hoca
Hocawent to a triend'shouseto One day Nasrettin rorrow a big cooking pot. The man gave him the pot, and Hocawent backhome. A few dayslater, Hoca took the big pot back to his ii-iend,and he gavehim a small pot too. The man 'Hoca,what is this smallpot doing here?'Hoca asked, ioid him, Your big pot had a baby,you see.This is the raby'potl'Theman wasvery happy,and he thanked lioca for the two pots. Later,Hoca askedfor the big pot again,and his Yes, of courseyou can borrow my ::iend answered, potl' Hocatook the pot to his house.Weeks cameand '.,.'ent, therewasno Hoca,and no pot. So the man but .,. to Hoca'shouseto collecthis pot. '\44tere's my ent 'l'rnsor-n'. ['m afraidyour pot ciied,' :-,, he asked. but i?' ::rsn'ered Hoca. '\\hat?That'sridiculous,' saidthe man. 'A cooking lot can'tdie.''Well,'saidHoca,'if a pot can havea why can'tit die?' :aby., Read the passageand answer the questions. Use tull sentences. \\trere did NasrettinHocaqo? He... \\hat did he wantfronr his friend? He...

Write aboutyour last holiday. Use these questions to help you. 1 \44reredid you go?

h h
h

2 Who wereyou with?

3

How did you go? (By plane,b5'bus, by car)

h

4

l\here did you stal'?

h F
f. F
h
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5

Where did you have breaktast?

6 What did you eat?

7 \Atiat placesdid you visit?

8

What did you buy?

i.

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UNIT 18
S im p l e p a s t (n e g a ti ve )
\\'e fonn the negativewith didtt't/didnot auclthe base for-nr the verb. \\'e usuall.v didn't. of use
a t:L\\IPLES

Nancy passedher eraserto Angela.

Patrick ate allhis vegetables.

9

I did rny honrework in front of tht' '11'

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I didn't have a recordplayer. lVedidn'twork lost Sunday. Theydidn't go to theshops. \\-ecanuse the sinrple pastfor pasthabits.
O I'XAMPLES

tr

lWtenI wasthirteenI listened to the radio a ktt. lWt.en wasyolt?Lg didn't jog. I I

Eric's mother works and when she comes home she asks him a lot of questions. Complete Eric's answers.

. EXANIPLE

your hands? Did you taaslt

t No, .did,wb. .ry"41'umyttartds,
[l mrtu the sentences negative.

biut .A%.h,<4".. . . . myface L 1 Didyoudrinkyourmilk?
6'V,OYL.

O EKq,X4PLE

ELainewent to the rock concert.

LLatuu,odrtd/a,t qo to the rr,R .. ,J
1 Alangot eighrin his Englishtest.

'

,'

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lt

No,I. butl

.. mymiik, .. someCoca-Cola.

t

played 2 The girls in olir cla.'ss iorrtballaftt-'r school

Janetook her dog to the beach.

hdinework? 4 Did you cloyour tnaths t
N o, I. .. rl t,vtnathsi totrt cli'or k,

5

NIy parentshuclgr,rests ni.ght. last

butL .

nryI:.nglish it,ittc*'rt'1i.

lI
t

grandntother? phone-v-our 5 Did y,-ou
6 Mrs Drake ciosecl cloor the

No , l. b u t l. .

. . my g ra n c h lt t ltt r r ' , n ry g irl' f rie n dl

t

49

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El aff these sentencesabout The Searchhave
mistakes. Find the mistakes and correct them.

2 She. .
J

It isn't snowing now. It

. . . . an hour ago.

. EL{\IPLE

!

A

P€tercamefromAfrica.
q

My sisterwent to bed an hour ago.She now. I'nr I..... .. . .. luncheverydavbecause fatancl want to lose weight.

I

Sallyand Howard took Peterto France.

6 The weatherisn't cold todar'. but it . cold yesterday. 2 Peter sawthe film Visitors from the Sea' 7 Jessica usually about eight o'clock. 8 . . . . to schoolearly,at

3

a He remembered loud noise.

i .. . . my homework last night. I went to a parbywith my friends.

I

Rob'sfather had a problem.

Summer camp
This Rogeris at a summercamp. isn't very happy. He is his letterto Ken,his friend.

5

Kim's father worked for a televisioncompany.

5 Kim livedwith her mother.

De a K e n , r We ll, e re a ma i c a n p . rriv c dwod a y s g o , la t a h I b t a n d o w ' ms iit in g n y ro o m. O u ru c r i p w a s n I in T c t e rrib lclt ra in e a ll d a ya n d wa s o l d . / e . d , it but for stopped a cafeteria lunch iheydidn'thave at I fruit.Yesterday much ro food, wejustatcsome l c th wa n t atd s wim u tt h e y ' rele a n in g epo o t h i s b o I we e ks ot h e re 'n 0v e t c rin it . T h e n v e n tt o , s Y n y t h et e n n is o u rt sb u tt h e re e re oe mPtc o u r t s . c , r e S oI we n f o r a v a lk ,a n d s n a k b it me.I w e n lto t t h eh o s p it a lu tl' m 0 K n o w, o d ait ' srr i n i n g b T y a g a ins o l' m s p e n d in g limein f ro n to f t h eT V . , my is , I t ' sb o rin g . o mo rroif t h ewe a t h e r ni c e w e ' r e T w, ra I g o in go h a v e f o o t b a ma t c h . re a lly n l t o a ll t a d I c o me o mcb u td o n ' ie ll mymu m n d ad . d o n ' t h , t wr s f wa n lh e m o f e e ls o rryo r me .P le a s c i t e o o n . t t LoYe, Ro gre

I

Peter'sclasswent to the art museum.

3 The policefound the van keys in the car.

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I

:r Gould'smen kidnappedKim

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station. A reoortercamefrom a raclio

Tense review
Complete the sentences usingthe correctform of the verbs. Use the present simple, present progressive or simple past - positive or negative. : L . home. . . to the cinemalast night. I stayed at

t
I ll
tl T
t

I

Complete this summary of Roger's letter rvith the correct verb forms. Rogeris at canrp.He t . . . . onl1.. clays fr.vo ago

-

make dinner last night heip your lriend with his ()r her honteriork last rveek

The trip to the campwasn'tgooci. That clavthe sun

-.: .- rvatch I'V lastnight -

t t
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ancl ir., people thebusr . on

. all darr,'.1-he to a cat-eteria tor nruch

wear boots lastweek _ talk to your grandmotheror grancilzrthci- ri.eeli last

tbod.Then, at camp,Roger because there was no waterin the swirnming_pool. He . . . . tennisbecause tennis courts the wereverybus1,. later,asnake when he went for a walk. Today Roger . . . . his time watchingthe TV. Tomorrow they're the weatheris OK. a football match if . . . . . Roger

I-ook at your list. llrite slr sentences about things y'ou did, and six sentences about things 1,oudidn,t do.

t

2

Things I didn't do
I Put a tick (/) next to things you did, and (X) nerl to things you didn't do. \_-- sleepwell iast night _ get up at half-past tbur this rnorning eat eggs fbr breakfastthis morning ......

2 3 4 5 6

t t
I

- , leavehome at eight o'clockthis morning -ride a motorcycleto schooltoclay

\, read a newspaper this rnor-ning - finish your homeworklast night go to the doctor_v-esterclay _ ' do the rvashing afterbreakfast up play baslie tball afterscho0l yestercl :tI[ (.rn ()()i l ay, ; go for a wa[k zrfter schoolvesterclay.

t
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F
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UNIT19

.-,';1

I h h
F F

Yes, . . . . . (Iohn and Ton-vwent to France last summer)

Simple past (question forms|
-,'.'= with didbefore ;sually form simplepastquestions ::. subject.
O:..-T.]IPLES

Yes...

.. .(lfoundnrvkel's)

Did ;'ou playfootballyesterdaY? -''.-'' did you do? :: -,'.:'c* Biro inuent? did Short answers 'i - s. I / y ou/he / she it/ welthey did. / \ r. Iivoulh e/ she /it/welthey didn't. who,which,what or how isthe subjectof the ".]en >:itence we do not use did.
O:L{\{PLES

fl

n *tite these questions.Use these words.

Wto \Wty Wat \l4ten \Were How much How many How long O EXAMPLE Did you hurt your arm/ your leg/ yottr head?

WLvaL vtqWh4qt .4e. \)
1 DidJimwin Wo/three/fourgames?

h

-,;"); i 77sn\sdCo a-Col ? q v a c -'t' habbened? ,:ct Did you go to the hospital/thepolicestation/ home? \\:rite the questions and short answers.

F ts +.
F
ft
I I t I
I

a :i,\\IPLE

.,.' yesterday) :. .W. d .4r. . (weatepizza

)'d, Ary e+L pLzaa,gasurdtg

3 Did theybuyjeans/T-shirts/shoes?

4 Did you savetI/95/9.1.0?

5 . . . (we didn'tgo to the concertlast
-:rh r)

Did she stay a lveek,/len cla,vs/a rnonth?

6 Did you seeLinda/Ken/Alice?
':-.s... .. . (shebrokeherfinger) Did Paul go to the dentistyesterday/twodays agol lastweek? \,, (l didn'tniakea cake) Did she cry because she was ill/becauseshe was frightened/because huft her arm? she

h

\,-,. . . .

. . (we didn'tgo to the cinema)

h

:.rl:t

i:lll::'il

i:i*li!i.

.;:-,.: -::I.

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Complete the storyaboutDiana's terrible dav. Use these verbs. forget saJ get go

..:':
O EKAIV{PLE

.-.-

be decide drink .find haue latrgh look run . Yesterday uplate,soldidn'r
i,

rlt

1877

.....

aterribleday..I? ... . . an!.breakJasr. I onlv

1

Anton von Leeurvenhoek

..... aglassofmilk.l".. .. r,utoithe house.Usuall1' walk to school,but yesrerclav I I to take the bus.\Vl-ren got to school.I I couidn't ..... myhomework.l.r... .....

2
the camerzr

everywhere.'Howcanyou ..... yollr homework?'asked Miss Dunn. After schoolI to a cafe with my friends. We andtalked.Theyall ,.vas very silly. ...... I

the telephone

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Edisondid

B

mof. at the chart and write questionsabout
these inventions.

lnventor

t-I lnvention

Yeshe did,in 1926 I Date
1006 :

t
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O in 19,13

Anton von mrcroscope Leeuwenhoek
I

l

Joseph Niepce camera

,Mr,, , uj

Accidents
These words are all about accidents. Find the words and write them in the circles. tlafl 3pasholit :rruth lplis skerab ',ctu

Alexander GrahamBell

telephone

', ThomasEdrson phonograph r

@ -trl6/

ro/o

(6
/

@
John Logie Baird television accidents
I JZ O

Jacques 1Cousteau

aquaruns
,

g

ffif-if=l \€ll,/ | tJtJ

X

fl l l I

re 4 3

3

t
5:l

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I

M i c h a e l J a ckso n
Darid Cole is arnagazrne reporter. Read his story Ilichael Jackson. at,,-rut was born in a town near Chicagoon l,l.,-laelJackson His parentswere both musicians. 29th 1958. -:.-::st :rother playedthe clarinet,and his father played - -.s :, .: {iir-ar. Ntr and Mrs Jacksonhad nine children - six - = a:d three girls - and they all learnt to play :. - =:calinstruments. Michaelwas nineyears old, he and .- iv69, r,r'hen ,".. :roihers startedagroup, TheJackson Five'. l.l --:aelrvasthe lead singer.(His brothers sometimes so :,..:: :iim 'big nose', whenhe madea lol of money, = .s":ed the doctors to changehis nose.)The group 'i' .. .-,lnpetitions and they were famousin Chicagofor They made their first :..:-: srrging and their dancing. In 1970the group had four number one r: --, rr in 1969. - ---:j: *. U".auseMichaelis so famous,he doesn'tlike people.He lives in a big : :.-": :,r TV or magazine , -:. in Californiawith some of his strange pets,for -, and a llama. a ::,:.;:-!re.a chimpanzee, cheetah Read the passage and write the questions David asked \Iichael.
a :'-:-":?:E

What questions can you ask if someone tells you:
O EXA\4PLE

My father went to Paris yesterday.

a Haw4d, .l',at'rwelz
1 I fell offmy bicycle.
?

"

W[4,u'-' oUd. Lrc qo' to Pa,rta ' ' '1./'
tt

t t t

2 My sisterwasin hospital.
7 ?

lVe went to the footbail match yesterday.
4.,. . ..

r
I I I I I I I I

4

My friendswere on TV last Sundayl

rt

' :":: .; : e qf birth

/1 ,"

,r.,'2;/4 WO.OUOWbmru " 'r )
:::t or birth

r| r|

::.:e: of brothersand sisters 6 the ..-: :ic rvhen groupstarted Sally bought new trainers.
.t

: irst record

:

,.

.t.'.;.,,.. a

UNIT 20
Conjunctions
and and bec-ause conjunctions. are We use them to join sentences.
a h\{\IPLES

I'rn

qot,a.q to .bd, .Qe.c1gt <4.q u"J"

I'k

twelr.

I I

t
I I I I I I

Takea rnler and put half of it undertlteneuspapt,r. It brokebecause tl.t,ere tto air underthe neu'soaoer was

Match the two halves of the sentences. Then rewrite the sentences using andor because. a b c d e f g h i j he's a police-officer. Mary ate some cake. her husbandis in the kitchen. I lost your address. I'm tired. l.uis is from Peru. I didn't hear the aiarm clock. I want to buy a new computer. the girls are riding their bikes. there'sno school. I'm going tobecl ?
,l .J

The boys are playingbasketball. I Iike summer. . . . He must wear a unilorm NIrs Jeffersonis in the bedroom I got up late. .

10

4

Tense review
Read the sentences and then write the questions.
. EXANIPLE

7 8 :/

I had a sandwich I didn't write you a letter I'm going to savemy mone!'

I'rn going now. Bye!

lVhat time 10 Machiko is from Japan 1

A/ft- ]4.o1t/ .
J

b6,ck

I met an important man toclar,. !\ho
h

.

I I I I I I I

lVtiere

:).1

t
I

I

I I

I

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I rvant to buy something from the supermarket. a \\hat
L J \I-L,, rt llY

Down
?'l

h
h

. . . . your clothes. Don't leave them on the chair. (2 words)
J

Did you Don't .

. . . . to answerthose questions? . . . the street when the light is red.

I

i get a-lotof pocket-money.
A

h
ft h

a Horv much .
7

: \ltren Sueis doing somethingstupid.
: 1I-l^G rr lldl

Dinneris finished. Wouldyou please the dishes from the table?

o \\tty nrvasin hospitalwhen i was young. a Howold. . . 'c How long . . '*-e're not going to eat at home tonight.

h h h
I
I
I I I I
I

\YI'rere
f,

\l'}'rat .

Grossword
llhat are these words? Use the clues to help you complete the crossword.

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: : . : :

FTIL R{RYC SFTICRA.E ':R-R\L\ --r.\-LE

1 3 4 7

CKIPPU YTR SRSCO OM\REE

Garolyn's tooth
Carolyn was eight years old, and one day her tooth started to hurt. She cried in her classat school and her teacher asked,Why are you crying, Carolyn?' 'Becausemy tooth hurts,' answeredCarolyn. Tell your mother,' said the teacher,'and then go and see the dentist.' That afternoon Carolyn said to her mother, 'My tooth hurts,'and so her mother took her to the dentist. The dentist looked at the tooth and then he said to f,arolyn, 'It's very bad. I'm going to take it out, and then you're going to get a nice,new tooth next year.' He pulled the tooth oul The next day Carolyn'steacher asked her about the tooth. 'Does it still hurt, Carolyn?' 'I don't know,' Carolyn answered. 'Why don't you know?' the teacher said. 'Becausethe dentist has got it,' Carolyn answered.

Across ,
'

'-e ,^n'r.(ffi. . . . . thatbigboxwith onehand. '"^"''J'"' '
l, : r-ourvantto . . . . thesebags?

:.-el's ' :

.... ourEnglish. .... me. . . . . out of the window.

--,:,'.'e1-oul Please -r--uniustn't .:'s iangerous.

I
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- 'a-'-

----'-

-

", -'1irji.iffi

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Reaa the passage and answer the quesrions.

Usefull sentences.
\lrhat did Carolyn do in class? She ,) \\hir did Caroly'n to the dentist? go She I can't drive a car \\ho took her there? Her I must go to school [l Comptete the sentences using Jiour o\rr] icleas. Use because.

J a

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I

-

N

,t'

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I

\4rtrat the dentistdo? did
He 3 Many peopledrink Coca-Cola

p

Comptetethis summaryaboutthe story.

Carolynhad a problem at schoollastweek. Shervasin class,and her tooth started to I . . . . The next day her mother took her to the I . . . . . 'May . . . . . see your tooth, Carolyn?' askedthe your mouth, please.' dentist. \Vhen the 'l must dentistsaw the bad s . . . . , he said, take this tooth out. is very bacl.Br-rt you're . . . . . togetanice,ner,vtoothnext year.' fhe next clayCarolynwent to school.Her tooth . . . . . hurl because was with the dentist. it

4 I studyEnglish

5 You mustn't swim after a bis nreal

6 Young people savetheir pocket-rnoney'

K(7
7;N
Tooth

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I

R.r"*.r the questions aboutyourself.

\\rhat are you going to do... when you finish lhis exercisc: I when you leaveschooltomorrow? I 3 after vou have clinnertonisht: I ,l at the weekencl? I

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