MAC 1140

Solution to the Quiz 1 September 4, 2011
1. Reduce the index of each radical. √ 4 (a) 34 x8 (1 POINT) √ (b) 25x6 (1 POINT) 2. Completely expand the following expression. (u + 3)(u − 3)(u2 + 9) (2 POINTS) 3. Evaluate the expression. (1 POINT) |x + 1| wherex < −1 x+1

Solutions 1. (a) √ 1 1 1 4 34 x8 = (34 x8 ) 4 = 34× 4 x8× 4 = 3x2 . OR, 34 x8 = 34÷4 x8÷4 = 3x2 Common Errors- In this problem, the use of absolute value is not required (but not exactly incorrect) since x2 is essentially positive for any non zero real number x. √ √ √ 1 1 1 (b) √25x6 = 52 x2 = (52 x2 ) 2 = 52× 2 x2× 2 = 5|x| OR, 25x6 = 52 x2 = 52÷2 x2÷2 = 5|x| Common Errors- Here, the absolute value should be explicitly used since a square root (in fact, any even root) should be positive. 1 √ 4

3. but it can be tedious.Substituting a value for x is incorrect (even if it gives a correct answer for some x). It may be extremely useful if you know the formulae for difference of two squares.2. by the definition. 2 . we have: |x + 1| = x+1 −(x + 1) x+1 −(x + 1) if x + 1 ≥ 0 if x + 1 < 0 |x + 1| = if x ≥ −1 (case 1) if x < −1 (case 2) by the problem statement (x < −1) it is clear that we have to select −(x + 1) |x + 1| = (when x > 2) = −1 case 2. and sum and difference of two cubes. (u + 3)(u − 3)(u2 + 9) = (u2 − 9)(u2 + 9) = u4 − 92 = u4 − 81 Common Errors. and can lead to errors in calculation. so x+1 x+1 Common Errors.Using FOIL method in this problem is not wrong.

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