# Ang batas sedisyon ay isang batas na nagpaparusa ng kamatayan o matagal pagkakabilanggo sa mga Pilipino sa pagsasalita, pagsusulat, o pagtangkilik sa pag

sasarili at pag hihiwalay ng Pilipinas sa Estados Unidos. The diameter of the earth at the equator is 7,926.41 miles (12,756.32 kilometers).But, if you measure the earth through the poles the diameter is a bit shorter - 7,901 miles (12,715.43 km). Thus the earth is a tad wider (25 miles / 41 km) than it is tall, giving it a slight bulge at the equator. This shape is known as an ellipsoid or more properly, geoid (earth-like). The size of Earth, like the size of all of the celestial bodies, is measured in a number of parameters including mass, volume, density, surface area, and equatorial/polar/mean diameter. While we live on this planet, very few people can quote you the figures for these parameters. Below is a table with many of the pieces of the data used to measure the size of.The age of the Earth is 4.54 billion years (4.54 × 109 years ± 1%).[1][2][3] This age is based on evidence from rad The shape of the Earth approximates an oblate spheroid, a sphere flattened along the axis from pole to pole such that there is a bulge around the equator. ...iometric age dating of meteorite material and is consistent with the ages of the oldest-known terrestrial and lunar samples. the Earth. Earth mass (M⊕) is the unit of mass equal to that of the Earth. 1 M⊕ = 5.9722 × 1024 kg.[1] [2] Earth mass is often used to describe masses of rocky terrestrial planets. The density of the Earth is 5.513 g/cm3. This is an average of all of the material on the planet. Landforms are natural features of the landscape, natural physical features of the earth's surface, for example, valleys, plateaus, mountains, plains, hills, loess, or glaciers. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean. The Pacific Ocean covers 69,375,000 square miles, or 35% of the earth. The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean. The Atlantic Ocean covers 41,105,000 square miles, or 21% of the earth. The Atlantic Ocean is a little bigger than half as big as the Pacific Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean is between North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east. The Atlantic Ocean connects to the Arctic Ocean to the north, and to the Antarctic Ocean to the south. The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean. The Indian Ocean covers 28,900,000 square miles, or 15% of the earth. The Indian Ocean is between Africa on the west and Asia on the north. The Indian Ocean connects to the Antarctic Ocean to the south, and to the Pacific Ocean to the east. The Antarctic Ocean circles the globe and surrounds the southern continent of Antarctica. The Antarctic Ocean is also called the Southern Ocean. The Antarctic Ocean is connected to the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. The Arctic Ocean covers the earth's north pole. This ocean is so cold that its surface is often frozen during the winter. The vast Arctic icecap is the source of many icebergs. The Arctic Ocean is between North America and Asia. The Arctic Ocean is connected to the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

refers to the acceleration that the Earth imparts to objects on or near its surface. The lithosphere is comprised of tectonic plates which 'float' independently of each other. The mantle can be further divided as follows: Upper Mantle: Lithosphere: The uppermost mantle consists of hard rock and is attached to the crust and comprises the lithosphere. Following the scientific revolution and the development of radiometric age dating. Although the precise strength varies depending on location. Oceanic Crust: At an average depth of 5 km to 10 km. which are mafic in composition. Oceanic . denoted g.In SI units this acceleration is measured in metres per second per second (in symbols.The gravity of Earth. measurements of lead in uranium-rich minerals showed that some were in excess of a billion years old. the oceanic crust is thinner than the continental crust.81 m/s2. The age of the Earth is 4. m/s2 or m·s-2) or equivalently in newtons per kilogram (N/kg or N·kg-1). by definition. There is no standard definition for the number of continents but you will commonly find that the numbers six or seven are used. and sedimentary rock. The mantle comprises 84% of Earth's volume. metamorphic. known as standard gravity is.[1][2][3] This age is based on evidence from radiometric age dating of meteorite material and is consistent with the ages of the oldest-known terrestrial and lunar samples. The lithosphere contains more mantle than crust.1740 ft/s2). A continent is one of several major land masses on the earth. Continental Crust: Comprised predominately of rocks most resembling granite. The average specific gravity of oceanic crustal rock is 2.81 metres (about 32ft) per second every second. Oceanic crustal rocks are composed mainly of the igneous rocks basalt. By most standards. the nominal "average" value at the Earth's surface. The average specific gravity of continental crustal rock is 2. the rocks and constituent minerals being higher in magnesium and lower in silicon and aluminum than crustal rocks. The crust is divided into continental or oceanic based on composition and formation. Europe. and South America. 1. It has an approximate value of 9. diabase. The Mantle--The layer directly below the crust which is delineated from the crust by the Mohorovicic Discontinuity. 9. North America. which means that. there are a seven continents . the continental crust is relatively thick compared to the oceanic crust with a depth that ranges from 30 km to 50 km.Africa.80665 m/s2 (32. The Crust--The outer skin of the planet is composed of igneous.54 billion years (4. Most students in the United States are taught that there are seven continents. where seismic waves increase in velocity. The division between the mantle and the crust is a chemical one. the speed of an object falling freely near the Earth's surface will increase by about 9. Asia. Antarctica.54 × 109 years ± 1%). if we ignore the effects of air resistance (which are often negligible). Australia. and gabbro.7.9. 2.

Despite the high temperature.100 degrees C near the boundary with the inner core.000 degrees C.000 degrees C. Temperatures in the transition zone range from 1400 degrees C to 1600 degrees C. roughly equal to 1. 3. under. 4.000 degrees C to 6. The Outer Core: The outer core lies at a depth from 2900 km to 5150 km.4 million units of atmospheric pressure. Bilang at Distribusyon Umaabot sa 28 ang bilang ng mga epiko na kilala sa Pilipinas. a ball of incredibly hot iron-nickel alloy.lithosphere ranges from 50 km to 100 km in thickness. a coarse grained igneous rock.000 and 7. with temperatures ranging from 4. . and pressures are calculated to be around 3.000 units of atmospheric pressure. and over the surface of a planet. The depth of the lower mantle ranges from 670 km to 2798 km. Its viscosity allows it to move slowly over time. Ang epiko[1] ay uri ng panitikan na tumatalakay sa mga kabayanihan at pakikipagtunggali ng isang tao o mga tao laban sa mga kaaway na halos hindi mapaniwalaan dahil may mga tagpuang makababalaghan at di-kapani-paniwala. Little is known about the lower mantle other than that seismic waves indicate it is fairly homogenous in lithology. and continental lithosphere ranges from 40 km to 200 km. and temperatures are over 4. The rock here is mostly peridotite.[3] and that is held in place by the gravity of the body. At this level. Hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on. a distance of about 1220 km is the solid sphere of the inner core.000. kept from melting by extremely high lithostatic pressures. Atmosphere is a layer of gases that may surround a material body of sufficient mass. Kuwento ito ng kabayanihan na punungpuno ng mga kagila-gilalas na mga pangyayari. Transition Zone: The depth of the transition zone is between 410 km and 660 km. an area of highly viscous but solid rock. at these pressures the metals cannot remain molten. Asthenosphere: Just below the lithosphere lies the asthenosphere. which it does as it transfers heat to the lithosphere via convection currents. the pressures are enormous. The Inner Core: From the boundary with the outer core to the center of the Earth. It's composed of liquid iron and nickel along with small amounts of lighter elements. which is the boundary between the mantle and the liquid outer core. Temperatures here reach between 5. These convection currents are probably caused by the subduction of Earth's tectonic plates at convergent boundaries. The depth of the asthenosphere averages somewhere between 100 km and 200km with depths up to 410 km. The D'' area of the mantle extends from 2798 km to 2900 km.

Ang Paulit-ulit na Paksa o Tema katapangan at pakikipagsapalaran ng bayani mga supernatural na gawa ng bayani pag-ibig at romansa panliligaw – pag-aasawa – pagbubuntis – mga yugto ng buhay kamatayan at pagkabuhay . na tumatakbo ng maraming araw at oras. ating makikita kung paano naipapakita ng epiko ang kultura ng isang grupo ng tao. Kahalagahan sa kultura Ano ang ipinapakita ng epiko ng sinaunang kultura? Kung magpopokus sa tatlong punto: ang paulit-ulit na paksa at tema. Ang ilang katangian ng ibang epiko ay: ang paggamit ng mga bansag sa pagkilala sa tiyak na tao mga inuulit na salita o parirala mala-talata na paghahati o dibisyon sa mga serye ng kanta kasaganaan ng mga imahe at metapora na makukuha sa pang-araw-araw na buhay at kalikasan (halaman. kasama ang kanyang mga sagupaan sa mga mahihiwagang nilalang. mula sa memorya. hayop. ang mga epiko ay inihahayag ng pasalita – patula o pakanta (sa iba't-ibang mga estilo). sa grupo ng mga Muslim. Rendisyon Tulad ng ibang mga alamat. Katangiang Pampanitikan Ang mga epiko ay nasa anyo ng berso o talata ngunit ito ay iba-iba at bukod-tangi sa bawat rehiyon at hindi maikukumpara sa mga Kanluranin na epiko. at ang kanyang paghahanap sa kanyang minamahal o magulang. anting-anting. ito rin ay maaaring tungkol sa panliligaw o pag-aasawa. mayroon o walang saliw ng ilang mga instrumentong pangmusika. ang pagsasalarawan ng mga lalaking bayani.Karamihan sa mga natitirang epiko ay natagpuan sa grupo ng mga tao na hindi pa nagagalaw ng makabagong proseso ng pagpapaunlad ng kultura tulad ng mga katutubo at etnikong grupo sa Mountain Province at sa Mindanao. Ang mangilan-ngilan ay makikita sa mga mamamayang Kristiyano. Haba Ang haba ng mga epiko ay mula sa 1000 hanggang 55000 na linya. mga bagay sa kalangitan. atbp). kadalasang umiikot sa bayani. Ito rin ay maaaring gawin nang nag-iisa o kaya naman ay grupo ng mga tao na katulad ng isang chorus. at ang mga pangunahing babaeng karakter sa istorya.

Maaari ring isama ang kanyang intelektwal at moral na katangian. at supernatural.pakikipaglaban at kagitingan ng bayani kayamanan. Ang Batas Watawat (mas kilala na Flag Law) ay isang batas na nagkokondena sa watawat ng Pilipinas o anumang makabayang watawat. kaharian at iba't ibang mga kasiyahan o piging mga ritwal at kaugalian ugnayan ng magkakapamilya Ang Lalaking Bayani Sa pagbabasa ng mga epiko. Batas sa Panunulisan. Karamihan sa kanyang mga katangian ay maiuuri sa alin man sa sumusunod: pisikal. Ang Pangunahing Babaeng Karakter Ang pangunahing babaeng karakter ay kadalasang ang babaeng iniibig ng bayani o maaari rin namang tinutukoy dito ang kanyang ina. sosyal. . lalo't higit sa mga gamit na may kaugnayan sa samahang Katipunan. Ipinagbabawal din ng batas na ito ang paggamit o pagpapatugtog ng pambansang awit ng Pilipinas. o Ipinagbabawal ang pagsali sa armadong pangkat laban sa USA. at pinawalang-bisa naman makalipas ang labindalawang taon. Batas ng Rekonsentrasyon o Inutusan ang mga gobernador ng mga lalawigan na ipunin ang mga mamamayan nito sa isang sona. agad na makikita ang mga katangian ng isang bayani. bandera at sagisag. Ipinasa ang batas na ito noong 6 Setyembre 1907.