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**Classroom Response System Questions
**

Chapter 3 Vectors

Reading Questions

3.2.1. Which of the following parameters, if any, is not a vector? a) acceleration b) displacement

c) average velocity

d) all are vectors

e) none are vectors

3.2.1. Which of the following parameters, if any, is not a vector? a) acceleration b) displacement

c) average velocity

d) all are vectors

e) none are vectors

3.2.2. Which of the following parameters, if any, is not a scalar quantity? a) temperature b) distance c) average speed d) instantaneous velocity e) all are scalars

3.2.2. Which of the following parameters, if any, is not a scalar quantity? a) temperature b) distance c) average speed d) instantaneous velocity e) all are scalars

b) Scalar quantities must be represented by base units.3. e) Scalar quantities can be added to other scalar quantities using rules of ordinary addition.2. d) Scalar quantities can be added to other scalar quantities using rules of trigonometry.3. Which one of the following statements is true concerning scalar quantities? a) Scalar quantities have both magnitude and direction. c) Scalar quantities can be added to vector quantities using rules of trigonometry. .

d) Scalar quantities can be added to other scalar quantities using rules of trigonometry. Which one of the following statements is true concerning scalar quantities? a) Scalar quantities have both magnitude and direction. b) Scalar quantities must be represented by base units. .3. e) Scalar quantities can be added to other scalar quantities using rules of ordinary addition.2.3. c) Scalar quantities can be added to vector quantities using rules of trigonometry.

2.3. Which one of the following quantities is a vector quantity? a) the age of the pyramids in Egypt b) the mass of a watermelon c) the sun's pull on the earth d) the number of people on board an airplane e) the temperature of molten lava .4.

2.4.3. Which one of the following quantities is a vector quantity? a) the age of the pyramids in Egypt b) the mass of a watermelon c) the sun's pull on the earth d) the number of people on board an airplane e) the temperature of molten lava .

3. d) The mass of the Martian soil probe was 250 kg.0 C. e) The light took approximately 500 s to travel from the sun to the earth. c) The volume of the soft drink can is 0.2.360 liters.5. Which one of the following situations involves a vector quantity? a) The velocity of the rocket was 325 m/s. . due east. b) The overnight low temperature in Toronto was 4.

360 liters.5. Which one of the following situations involves a vector quantity? a) The velocity of the rocket was 325 m/s. due east. . c) The volume of the soft drink can is 0. d) The mass of the Martian soil probe was 250 kg. e) The light took approximately 500 s to travel from the sun to the earth.2.0 C. b) The overnight low temperature in Toronto was 4.3.

b) The length of the arrow is proportional to the magnitude of the vector. What is the significance of the length of the arrow? a) Long arrows represent velocities and short arrows represent forces. . c) Short arrows represent accelerations and long arrows represent velocities.6. A vector is represented by an arrow.3. e) There is no significance to the length of the arrow. d) The length of the arrow indicates its direction.2.

2. A vector is represented by an arrow. c) Short arrows represent accelerations and long arrows represent velocities. e) There is no significance to the length of the arrow. .6.3. What is the significance of the length of the arrow? a) Long arrows represent velocities and short arrows represent forces. b) The length of the arrow is proportional to the magnitude of the vector. d) The length of the arrow indicates its direction.

3.1.3. Consider the two vectors represented in the drawing. Which of the following options is the correct way to add graphically vectors a and b ? .

Which of the following options is the correct way to add graphically vectors a and b ? .3.1.3. Consider the two vectors represented in the drawing.

Which of the following options is the correct way to subtract graphically vectors a and b ? .2.3.3. Consider the two vectors represented in the drawing.

2. Consider the two vectors represented in the drawing. Which of the following options is the correct way to subtract graphically vectors a and b ? .3.3.

The horizontal and vertical components of vector v are v xand v y . respectively. .3. c) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is less than the magnitude of v.3. 3. Which one of the following statements concerning the sum of the magnitudes of the two component vectors is true? a) vx + vx = 0 b) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v . d) The sum of themagnitudes of the two components is equal to the magnitude of v. e) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is less than or equal to magnitude of v.

3. d) The sum of themagnitudes of the two components is equal to the magnitude of v. e) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is less than or equal to magnitude of v. respectively. c) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is less than the magnitude of v.3. . Which one of the following statements concerning the sum of the magnitudes of the two component vectors is true? a) vx + vx = 0 b) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v . The horizontal and vertical components of vector v are v xand v y . 3.

b) The vector sum of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v. . d) The vector sum of the two components is equal to the magnitude of v. c) The vector sum of the two components is less than the magnitude of v. respectively. 3. Which one of the following statements concerning the vector sum of the two component vectors is true? a) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v .4. e) The vector sum of the two components is less than or equal to the magnitude of v. The horizontal and vertical components of vector v are v x and v y .3.

3.3. Which one of the following statements concerning the vector sum of the two component vectors is true? a) The sum of the magnitudes of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v . b) The vector sum of the two components is greater than the magnitude of v. c) The vector sum of the two components is less than the magnitude of v. d) The vector sum of the two components is equal to the magnitude of v. e) The vector sum of the two components is less than or equal to the magnitude of v. respectively. The horizontal and vertical components of vector v are v x and v y .4. .

3. the vector components of a vector may be used in place of the vector itself.4. b) It is possible to use vector components that are not perpendicular. c) A scalar component may be either positive or negative. Which one of the following statements concerning vectors and scalars is false? a) In calculations. e) Two vectors are equal only if they have the same magnitude and direction. d) A vector that is zero may have components other than zero. .1.

1. Which one of the following statements concerning vectors and scalars is false? a) In calculations. d) A vector that is zero may have components other than zero. b) It is possible to use vector components that are not perpendicular. c) A scalar component may be either positive or negative.4. e) Two vectors are equal only if they have the same magnitude and direction. . the vector components of a vector may be used in place of the vector itself.3.

b) The y components of vectors B and C when added together equal zero. It is also possible that both are correct.2. but never both. A B C . and. A . C are three vectors. 3.4. In mathematical form. c) By Cy = 0 or Cy By = 0 d) Either answer (a) or answer (b) is correct. Which one of the following statements concerning the components of vectors B and C must be true if Ay = 0? a) The y components of vectors B and C are both equal to zero. Vectors B and C when added together equal the vector A . B . e) Either answer (a) or answer (b) is correct. .

.4. e) Either answer (a) or answer (b) is correct. b) The y components of vectors B and C when added together equal zero. 3. B .2. c) By Cy = 0 or Cy By = 0 d) Either answer (a) or answer (b) is correct. and. It is also possible that both are correct. A . In mathematical form. Vectors B and C when added together equal the vector A . but never both. A B C . C are three vectors. Which one of the following statements concerning the components of vectors B and C must be true if Ay = 0? a) The y components of vectors B and C are both equal to zero.

Vector r has a magnitude of 88 km/h and is directed at 25 relative to the x axis. 3.3. Which of the following choices indicates the horizontal and vertical components of vector r ? rx ry a) +22 km/h +66 km/h b) +39 km/h +79 km/h c) +79 km/h +39 km/h d) +66 km/h +22 km/h e) +72 km/h +48 km/h .4.

4. Vector r has a magnitude of 88 km/h and is directed at 25 relative to the x axis.3. 3. Which of the following choices indicates the horizontal and vertical components of vector r ? rx ry a) +22 km/h +66 km/h b) +39 km/h +79 km/h c) +79 km/h +39 km/h d) +66 km/h +22 km/h e) +72 km/h +48 km/h .

What is the approximate magnitude of vector a ? a) 12.9 d) 6.5 .4.0 c) 10.0.87 e) 17.0 b) 24. Vector a has components ax = 15.0 and ay = 9.4. 3.

0 c) 10.4.4. Vector a has components ax = 15.0. 3.5 .0 b) 24.9 d) 6. What is the approximate magnitude of vector a ? a) 12.0 and ay = 9.87 e) 17.

3 m .5.4.0 m and makes an angle = 38. 3. What is the magnitude of ay.46 m b) 4. the vertical component of vector a ? a) 4.0 with respect to the positive x direction.65 m c) 5.02 m d) 7.97 m e) 14. Vector a has a horizontal component ax = 15.

65 m c) 5. the vertical component of vector a ? a) 4.4.0 m and makes an angle = 38.5. Vector a has a horizontal component ax = 15. 3.0 with respect to the positive x direction.46 m b) 4.97 m e) 14. What is the magnitude of ay.02 m d) 7.3 m .

b) A unit vector always points in the direction of motion.1. .5. but seldom used in physics.3. e) Unit vectors are predominantly used in mathematics. c) The magnitude of a unit vector sometimes equals zero. Which one of the following statements concerning unit vectors is true? a) The magnitude of a unit vector is always equal to 1. d) A unit vector depends on the units of measurement used and is a method for tracking the units throughout a calculation.

d) A unit vector depends on the units of measurement used and is a method for tracking the units throughout a calculation. but seldom used in physics. . c) The magnitude of a unit vector sometimes equals zero. Which one of the following statements concerning unit vectors is true? a) The magnitude of a unit vector is always equal to 1. e) Unit vectors are predominantly used in mathematics.3.5.1. b) A unit vector always points in the direction of motion.

45 km south to arrive at its destination. The truck makes a right turn and travels 1. ˆ ˆ a) d 1.15j d) d ˆ ˆ 1.2.45j .60 km north.5. A delivery truck leaves a warehouse and travels 2.60i + 1.33 km east before making another right turn and then travels 1.60j e) d ˆ ˆ 2. Express the displacement ˆ of the truck from the warehouse using unit vectors.33i + 1.33j ˆ ˆ c) d 1.45j ˆ ˆ b) d 1.15i + 1.33i + 1.33i + 2.3. where north is the +j i direction and east is the ˆ direction.

33i + 2.60i + 1. Express the displacement ˆ of the truck from the warehouse using unit vectors.3.15j d) d ˆ ˆ 1.15i + 1.33i + 1.5.33j ˆ ˆ c) d 1.60j e) d ˆ ˆ 2.45 km south to arrive at its destination.33 km east before making another right turn and then travels 1.45j ˆ ˆ b) d 1.60 km north. ˆ ˆ a) d 1.45j .2. A delivery truck leaves a warehouse and travels 2. The truck makes a right turn and travels 1.33i + 1. where north is the +j i direction and east is the ˆ direction.

6. Determine the scalar components of vector C A B . 3. Vector B has scalar components Bx = 22 m/s and By = 18 m/s.1. Vector A has scalar components Ax = 35 m/s and Ay = 15 m/s. Cx a) 13 m/s b) 57 m/s c) 13 m/s d) 57 m/s e) 57 m/s Cy 3 m/s 33 m/s 33 m/s 3 m/s 3 m/s .

3. Determine the scalar components of vector C A B .1.6. Vector A has scalar components Ax = 35 m/s and Ay = 15 m/s. Cx a) 13 m/s b) 57 m/s c) 13 m/s d) 57 m/s e) 57 m/s Cy 3 m/s 33 m/s 33 m/s 3 m/s 3 m/s . Vector B has scalar components Bx = 22 m/s and By = 18 m/s.

3. vector that results from the operation A B .2.6. Vector A a) ˆ + ˆ i j ˆ + 5j and vector B 2i 4ˆ Determine the ˆ ˆ 3i j. ˆ b) 5i c) ˆ i ˆ 9j ˆ j ˆ i d) ˆ + 9j ˆ j e) 5i + ˆ .

vector that results from the operation A B . ˆ b) 5i c) ˆ i ˆ 9j ˆ j ˆ i d) ˆ + 9j ˆ j e) 5i + ˆ .2.6. Vector A a) ˆ + ˆ i j ˆ + 5j and vector B 2i 4ˆ Determine the ˆ ˆ 3i j. 3.

7. west. regardless of the orientation of the unit vectors with respect to one another. . east. upward. left. south. How are the unit vectors chosen for a given coordinate system? a) The unit vectors are always chosen using the six common directions of north.3. upward. c) The unit vectors are chosen in any convenient manner because the relations of vectors are not dependent on the choice of the origin or the orientation of the axes. b) The unit vectors are always chosen to represent the directions with respect to a printed page with the directions. which are perpendicular to one another. d) The unit vectors are chosen in any convenient manner. and out of the page. into the page.1. and downward. downward. right.

upward. right.3. b) The unit vectors are always chosen to represent the directions with respect to a printed page with the directions. d) The unit vectors are chosen in any convenient manner. into the page.1. downward.7. regardless of the orientation of the unit vectors with respect to one another. south. and out of the page. east. and downward. How are the unit vectors chosen for a given coordinate system? a) The unit vectors are always chosen using the six common directions of north. . upward. c) The unit vectors are chosen in any convenient manner because the relations of vectors are not dependent on the choice of the origin or the orientation of the axes. which are perpendicular to one another. left. west.

the result is a vector product.3. e) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar.1. c) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. the result is a vector that is perpendicular to the original vector. d) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. the result is a vector that is parallel to the original vector. Which of the following statements concerning the multiplication of a vector by a scalar is true? a) A vector cannot be mathematically multiplied by a scalar. .8. b) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. the result is a scalar product.

. Which of the following statements concerning the multiplication of a vector by a scalar is true? a) A vector cannot be mathematically multiplied by a scalar.3.8. e) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. d) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. b) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. the result is a vector that is parallel to the original vector.1. the result is a scalar product. c) When a vector is multiplied by a scalar. the result is a vector product. the result is a vector that is perpendicular to the original vector.

c) The result is a vector that is smaller than the original vector and oppositely directed. Which of the following statements concerning the multiplication of a vector by a number n < 1 is true? a) A vector cannot be mathematically multiplied by a scalar. .3. d) The result is a vector that is larger than the original vector and rotated by 90 counterclockwise. e) The result is a vector that is smaller than the original vector and rotated by 90 counterclockwise.8.2. b) The result is a vector that is larger than the original vector and oppositely directed.

Which of the following statements concerning the multiplication of a vector by a number n < 1 is true? a) A vector cannot be mathematically multiplied by a scalar.2. d) The result is a vector that is larger than the original vector and rotated by 90 counterclockwise. e) The result is a vector that is smaller than the original vector and rotated by 90 counterclockwise.8. b) The result is a vector that is larger than the original vector and oppositely directed.3. c) The result is a vector that is smaller than the original vector and oppositely directed. .

b) The angle between the two vectors is forty five degrees. d) The angle between the two vectors is zero degrees.3. . e) The angle between the two vectors is ninety degrees. c) The angle between the two vectors is sixty degrees.3.8. In which of the following situations does the scalar product of two vectors have the largest value? a) The vectors are perpendicular to each other.

3. e) The angle between the two vectors is ninety degrees. In which of the following situations does the scalar product of two vectors have the largest value? a) The vectors are perpendicular to each other.8. c) The angle between the two vectors is sixty degrees. . b) The angle between the two vectors is forty five degrees. d) The angle between the two vectors is zero degrees.3.

In which of the following situations does the magnitude of the vector product of two vectors have the largest value? a) The vectors are parallel with each other. c) The angle between the two vectors is sixty degrees. . b) The angle between the two vectors is forty five degrees. d) The angle between the two vectors is zero degrees. e) The angle between the two vectors is ninety degrees.5.3.8.

3. In which of the following situations does the magnitude of the vector product of two vectors have the largest value? a) The vectors are parallel with each other. .8. d) The angle between the two vectors is zero degrees. c) The angle between the two vectors is sixty degrees.5. b) The angle between the two vectors is forty five degrees. e) The angle between the two vectors is ninety degrees.

8. r1 and r2 are vectors.6. Vector r1 is directed due west and vector choices correctly r2 is directed due north. 3. Which of the following indicates the directions of vectors r1 and r2 ? a) r1 is directed due west and r2 is directed due north r1 is directed due west and r2 is directed due south r1 is directed due east and r2 is directed due south b) c) d) e) r1 is directed due east and r2 is directed due north r1 is directed due north and r2 is directed due west .

3.8. r1 and r2 are vectors. Vector r1 is directed due west and vector choices correctly r2 is directed due north. Which of the following indicates the directions of vectors r1 and r2 ? a) r1 is directed due west and r2 is directed due north r1 is directed due west and r2 is directed due south r1 is directed due east and r2 is directed due south b) c) d) e) r1 is directed due east and r2 is directed due north r1 is directed due north and r2 is directed due west .6.

8. 3. Vectors a and b have different magnitudes and directions.7. Which of the following vector operations does not result in a vector? a) a b b) a b c) a b d) ca db e) a b .

3. Vectors a and b have different magnitudes and directions.7.8. Which of the following vector operations does not result in a vector? a) a b b) a b c) a b d) ca db e) a b .

Determine the direction of the vector product. 3.8. a) due south b) due west c) vertically downward d) vertically upward e) 45 north of east .8. A B . Vector A is directed due north. Vector B is directed due east.

3. Determine the direction of the vector product.8.8. a) due south b) due west c) vertically downward d) vertically upward e) 45 north of east . Vector B is directed due east. Vector A is directed due north. A B .

3. .9. AB ? b) This occurs when the two vectors have the same magnitude. c) This occurs when the two vectors are perpendicular to one another. Under what conditions does A B a) This situation never occurs. regardless of the particular vectors involved.8. e) This always occurs. d) This occurs when the two vectors are parallel to one another.

e) This always occurs.9. Under what conditions does A B a) This situation never occurs. 3. c) This occurs when the two vectors are perpendicular to one another.8. d) This occurs when the two vectors are parallel to one another. AB ? b) This occurs when the two vectors have the same magnitude. . regardless of the particular vectors involved.

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