Christopher Pittman Period 7 October 4, 2006 American Government Classwork; Pg.

94 Vocabulary: Federalism- Form of government with the governmental powers divided between a central government and several regional governments. Division of powers- Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis. Delegated powers- Those powers (expressed, implied, and inherent) granted to the National Government by the Constitution. Expressed powers- Those delegated powers of the National Government that are given to it in so many words by the Constitution. Implied powers- Those delegated by powers of the National Government implied by expressed powers. Inherent powers- Those delegated powers of the National Government that belong to it because it is the national government of a sovereign state. Reserved powers- Those powers held by the States governments alone in the Federal system. Exclusive powers- Most of the delegated powers; those held by the National Government alone. Concurrent powers- Powers held by the National and State governments in the federal system. Enabling act- A congressional act that allows the people of a United States territory to prepare a constitution as a step toward admission as a State in the Union. Act of admission- A congressional act admitting a United States territory into the Union as a State. Grants-in-Aid program- Financial aid granted from one Government to another. Funds are to be used for certain purposes. Block grant- One type of federal grants-in-aid. Interstate compactFull faith and credit- Constitutions requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. Extradition- Legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to it from another state. Main Ideas: 1. It allowed the Federalist to satisfy the needs of the anti-federalist for a central government with limits rather than a government with unlimited powers like that of a monarch. 2. The National Government