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ABOUT SAP SAP IS UNIQUE LEARN SAP SAP HISTORY SAP ADVANTAGES SAP FUNCTIONALITY SAP MODULES SAP QUES & ANS
WHAT IS SAP?
SAP is the leading Enterprise Information and Management Package worldwide. Use of this package makes it possible to track and manage, in real-time, sales, production, finance accounting and human resources in an enterprise. SAP the company was founded in Germany in 1972 by five ex-IBM engineers. In case you’re ever asked, SAP stands for Systeme, Andwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung which - translated to English - means Systems, Applications, Products in Data Processing. So now you know! Being incorporated in Germany, the full name of the parent company is SAP AG. It is located in Walldorf, Germany which is close to the beautiful town of Heidelberg. SAP has subsidiaries in over 50 countries around the world from Argentina to Venezuela (and pretty much everything in between). SAP America (with responsibility for North America, South America and Australia - go figure!) is located just outside Philadelphia, PA. The original five founders have been so successful that they have multiplied many times over such that SAP AG is now the third largest software maker in the world, with over 17,500 customers (including more than half of the world's 500 top companies). SAP employs over 27,000 people worldwide today, and had revenues of $7.34 billion and Net Income of $581 million in FY01. SAP is listed in Germany (where it is one of the 30 stocks which make up the DAX) and on the NYSE (ticker:SAP). There are now 44,500 installations of SAP, in 120 countries, with more then 10 million users! So what made this company so successful? Back in 1979 SAP released SAP R/2 (which runs on mainframes) into the German market. SAP R/2 was the first integrated, enterprise wide package and was an immediate success. For years SAP stayed within the German borders until it had penetrated practically every large German company. Looking for more growth, SAP expanded into the remainder of Europe during the 80's. Towards the end of the 80's, client-server architecture became popular and SAP responded with the release of SAP R/3 (in 1992). This turned out to be a killer app for SAP, especially in the North American region into which SAP expanded in 1988. The success of SAP R/3 in North America has been nothing short of stunning. Within a 5 year period, the North American market went from virtually zero to 44% of total SAP worldwide sales. SAP America alone employs more than 3,000 people and has added the names of many of the Fortune 500 to it’s customer list (8 of the top 10 semiconductor companies, 7 of the top 10 pharmaceutical companies etc). SAP today is available in 46 country-specific versions, incorporating 28 languages including Kanji and other double-byte character languages. SAP also comes in 21 industry-specific versions.
g. and many many other optional processes and features turned off. cost centers. All of these modules are tightly integrated which – as you will find out – is a huge blessing . Configuration is the process of adjusting the settings of these tables to get SAP to run the way you want it to. A company implementing SAP adapts it operations to it to achieve its efficiencies and power. Human Resources. SAP structure embodies what are considered the "best business practices". SAP. The process of adapting procedures to the SAP model involves "Business Process Re-engineering" which is a logical analysis of the events and relationships that exist in an enterprise's operations.000 dials to tune and you’ll get the picture. SAP are maintaining and increasing their dominance over their competitors through a combination of embracing the internet with mySAP. Management Accounting (e. have up to date information in them and can be used to actually control events. sales and accounting. Accounting is done automatically by events in sales and production. Functionality included is truly enterprise wide including: Financial Accounting (e. For a full description of the modules included in SAP. All applications access common data.com (a confusing name we believe) to head off i2 etc extending their solutions with CRM to head off Siebel adding functionality to their industry solutions SAP UNIQUENESS Traditional computer information systems used by many businesses today have been developed to accomplish some specific tasks and provide reports and analysis of events that have already taken place. . Production schedules are driven by sales. Distribution. Real events in the business initiate transactions. Purchasing. but brings with it special challenges. The whole system is designed to be real-time and not historical. Each of these systems has its own databases and seldom passes information to other systems in a timely manner. Manufacturing. There is only one information system in an enterprise. A typical company has many separate systems to manage different processes like production. accounts receivable etc). Payroll etc etc etc. SAP takes a different approach. general ledger.. see the related articles. Sales. Examples are accounting general ledger systems. Occasionally. Production Planning. Sales can see when products can be delivered. some systems operate in a "real-time" mode that is..g. At the heart of SAP R/3 are about 10.SAP R/3 is delivered to a customer with selected standard process turned on. Think of a radio with 10.000 tables which control the way the processes are executed. profitability analysis etc).
If after all this you still want to have a career in developing SAP learn ABAP or customisation. However in order to do anything useful you need to know where the data is and to do this you need to know how SAP works. You need to decide which of these industries you wish to specialise in. in SAP. . SAP now have versions specifically aimed towards these (Retail. knowing the programming language is only about 60% of what you need to know. Your logical move into SAP is as a departmental user or as a customisation expert. This decision is particularly important if you are to be a customisation expert or ABAP programmer. your are not expected to be an expert in all these modules.Getting Started 2. From the clients perspective. where technical ability is all important. Believe me. You just need to know how SAP does it! How SAP enables you to create and order deliver goods. What else you need to know.SAP Basic Skills Self-Study If your background in from Business processes (Sales. Customisation will be far easier to learn once you know how to use SAP. A standard SAP system is often called a 'vanilla' system. Get an understanding of what SAP is and what it can do from a business perspective. SAP is also broken into various modules. Most people have a fair understanding of what happens in a sales office. ABAP is easy for anyone with a programming background. SAP has developed solution for many industry sectors. A lot of importance is placed on how well you know how SAP works. Accounting Manufacturing etc). However the more modules you know the more work opportunities you will get. Factors to getting a job To get work in SAP is very similar to any other field. Not necessarily as in-depth as a customisation expert. Unlike many other languages. You will be expected to know how a 'standard' SAP system works. The differences are what each company consider their 'competitive edge'. For this reason you will not be expected to know how a particular company uses SAP. Pick a module you have some experience in. You will find that most organisation implement SAP to work differently. the more you know about how SAP works. SAP Industry Sector Due to its' popularity. you may have an advantage in knowing the basic business processes. Manufacturing and Oil etc) industries. Depending on your experience. the faster and cheaper you will be able to do the work they need. but certainly as good as any user. ABAP programmers will be expected to have at least one module skill. How SAP enables you to invoice the customer and post payments. you're in luck. Next decide which business module you want to specialise in and start learning how SAP does it.Want to learn SAP? If you are already a developer the logical move is into ABAP. Some Links for Getting Started with SAP: 1. so they specialise in SD.
SAP R/2 was a mainframe based business application software suite that was very successful in the 1980s and early 1990s. This was replaced by R/2 at the end of the 1970s. such as utilities or retail.Using SAP often requires the payment of hefty license fees. The pronunciation is often mistakenly referred to as “sap”. where it will appear in accounts receivable and cost of goods sold. The most widely used modules are Financials and Controlling (FICO). With the advent of distributed client-server computing SAP AG brought out a client-server version of the software called SAP R/3 that was manageable on multiple platforms and operating systems. as the customers have effectively outsourced various business software development tasks to SAP. are detailed in the next section. By specializing in software development. The correct naming is the individual letters S-A-P. Materials Management (MM). Human Resources (HR). For instance. as in tree sap. with multicurrency and multi-language capabilities built in. as well as the additional components of SAP R/3. SAP R/3 is arranged into distinct functional modules. In these situations. It was particularly popular with large multinational European companies who required soft-real-time business applications. SAP came to dominate the large business applications market over the next 10 years.HISTORY OF SAP R/3 The first version of SAP’s flagship enterprise software was a financial Accounting system named R/1. . such as Microsoft Windows or UNIX since 1999. Sales & Distribution (SD).Each module handles specific business tasks on its own. and Production Planning (PP). (The “R” was for “Real-time data processing”). covering the typical functions in place in an organization. an invoice from the Billing transaction of Sales & Distribution will pass through to accounting. but is linked to the others where applicable. SAP hopes to provide a better value to corporations than they could if they attempted to develop and maintain their own applications. but has more recently expanded into vertical markets. Those modules. SAP produces specialized modules (referred to as IS or Industry Specific) geared toward a particular market segment. which opened up SAP to a whole new customer base. SAP R/3 was officially launched on 6 July 1992.SAP has typically focused on best practice methodologies for driving its software processes.
SAP has several layers.e. Atlas Copco can have a different implementation of SAP R/3 from Procter & Gamble. With that power comes considerable complexity. or client. these companies recruit highly skilled SAP consultants to do the job. there will be a need to develop interface programs to communicate with other corporate information systems. This generally involves developing ABAP/4 code.Extensions. geared towards the creation of simple. The Basis System (BC) includes the ABAP programming language. ABAP provides the opportunity to develop applications with object-oriented programming. ABAP. With the introduction of ABAP Objects. each company will have its own accounting “Chart of Accounts” which reflects how its transactions flow together to represent its activity.Due to the complexity of implementation. utilizing a 3-tiered model. These statements allow a developer to query. and considerable “systems integration” effort to either determine what data is to be drawn out of R/3 or to interface into R/3 to load data into the system.SAP R/3 functionality is structured using its own proprietary language called ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming). The heart of the system (from a manager’s viewpoint) are the application modules.In any company. A presentation layer. whether reports or complete transactional systems within the SAP framework. there are tens of thousands of database tables that may be used to control how the application behaves. Bolt-Ons .Technology SAP R/3 is a client/server based application. For instance. and is the heart (i.Within R/3. or delete information from the database. . Other customizing and implementation tools exist also. Some companies implement only a few modules of SAP while others may want numerous modules. or ABAP/4 is a fourth generation language (4GL). This gives the implementor great power to make the application behave differently for different environments. That will be specific to a given company.ABAP’s main interaction with the database system is via Open SQL statements. The implementation must consider the company’s needs and resources. yet powerful programs. Advanced topics include GUI development and advanced integration with other systems. the behavior (and appearance) of virtually every screen and transaction is controlled by configuration tables. R/3 also offers a complete development environment where developers can either modify existing SAP code to modify existing functionality or develop their own functions. update. since SAP R/3 is never used the same way in any two places. interfaces with the user.The most difficult part of SAP R/3 is its implementation. including transactional and configuration data. Two primary issues are the root of the complexity and of the differences:Customization configuration . In general. and the database layer records and stores all the information about the system. For instance. the base) of operations and should not be visible to higher level or managerial users. The application layer houses all the business-specific logic.
• Enterprise-Wide Integration: SAP’s enterprise-wide R/3 System solutions meet the needs of constantly changing. Adaptability must be universal. Nine of the top ten Fortune 500 companies use SAP software. continually evolving businesses. to sales and distribution. • Real-Time Information: The R/3 System’s ability to “drill down” to whatever level of detail you need is legendary. With the R/3 System you get the “best of breed” for all common business processes. and desktop presentation. • Mission-Critical Business Processes: SAP has more than 20 years of experience designing sophisticated application software for backbone and mission critical business processes. If you need or want to fine tune or tailor your R/3 System. Today they form a widely acknowledged standard for Business Process Reengineering (BPR). three-tiered architecture. freedom of application component choice and the ability to change and add to the system as your organization grows. Individual Solutions: System-controlled customizing procedures allow you to create solutions from a wide variety of prepared application variants to satisfy individual requirements. change is the only facet of your business that will not vary. application functionality. and the R/3 System’s flexible structure and extensive integration helps make that easier.SAP ADVANTAGES • Functionality: The R/3 System offers you a software solution that covers all commercial processes and transactions commonly occurring in a company or group of companies. The R/3 System’s business processes are flexible. More than any other product. This structure promotes maximum flexibility. • Flexible Structure: Whether in a departmental organization or on the warehouse or factory floor. The R/3 System’s full integration pulls your enterprise together. You do not need to compromise on flexibility. • Enterprise-wide three-tiered architecture: The R/3 System remains the only enterprise-wide. SAP developed most of the R/3 System’s functionality in close cooperation with these customers. the R/3 System provides up-to-the-minute. • Best of Breed: Users want standard software as well as standard business processes and guidance on how to implement them successfully. real-time information wherever and whenever you need it. The development of the Internet. and productivity. the capability is there. including the World-Wide Web. promises to make dramatic changes in communications . The R/3 System’s three-tiered client/server architecture separates the system into areas devoted to database. Consequently. • Integration: All work processes within a company or group of companies are linked through data and functions using the R/3 System. it has integrated the best business practices of the world’s most successful companies into the R/3 System. No other product or suite of products provides the R/3 System’s functional links between processes that multiply the power of each person’s work. flexibility. pragmatic and well documented. to production planning. Transaction-related process chains trigger the next activity as needed from engineering to materials management. promoting data access. The R/3 System’s application components are fully integrated. • • User Friendliness: The R/3 System has a uniform graphical user interface for all application areas.
• • User Friendlyness: The R/3 System has a uniform graphical user interface for all application areas. . • Desktop Integration: Desktop integration in the R/3 System means that whenever you want data moved into a desktop PC application. Once running. The R/3 System’s full integration pulls your enterprise together. it is a mouse-click away. Individual Solutions: System-controlled customizing procedures allow you to create solutions from a wide variety of prepared application variants to satisfy individual requirements. • Enterprise-Wide Integration: SAP’s enterprise-wide R/3 System solutions meet the needs of constantly changing. Transaction-related process chains trigger the next activity as needed from engineering to materials management. If you change any data. The R/3 System’s application components are fully integrated. see SAP’s Web pages at: http://www. For additional information. while making your information more meaningful. By selecting key portions of the R/3 System for first-time implementation. you can instantly create full-color 2-D or 3-D graphics from your data. promoting data access. new users bring the full power of the R/3 System to address their business issues with great speed. you can instantly see it affect the graphics you have selected. No other product or suite of products provides the R/3 System’s functional links between processes that multiply the power of each person’s work.com • Concurrent engineering: Concurrent engineering cuts time-to-market by stacking up business processes whenever functions can take place concurrently rather than consecutively.ext. • Integration: All work processes within a company or group of companies are linked through data and functions using the R/3 System. flexibility. and the R/3 System’s flexible structure and extensive integration helps make that easier. • Flexible Structure: Whether in a departmental organization or on the warehouse or factory floor. From most locations in the R/3 System. and productivity. You can also use your mouse to change graphics manually. Gradually adding functionality makes core solutions available sooner without sacrificing long-term application muscle. The R/3 System’s flexibility and integration help you form the real-time workflow application links required for concurrent engineering. and minimizing customization. SAP is working with several partners to develop enhanced Internet extensions for the R/3 System. at a reasonable cost. change is the only facet of your business that will not vary.sap. Adaptability must be universal. Download or export a file to your PC’s hard drive and then open it in your favorite spreadsheet or word processor. the R/3 System makes it easy to add more functional pieces. No awkward or failure-prone communications between hardware or to hinder hinders your productivity • Online Integrated Graphics: Online integrated graphics in the R/3 System save you time and effort.between businesses and customers. • Functionality: The R/3 System offers you a software solution that covers all commercial processes and transactions commonly occurring in a company or group of companies. to sales and distribution. • Lean Implementation: The R/3 System promotes lean implementation through its modular structure. continually evolving businesses. Tools on various system levels allow you to fine tune all R/3 System functional modules. to production planning.
the R/3 System makes it easy to add more functional pieces. SAP is working with several partners to develop enhanced Internet extensions for the R/3 System. The development of the Internet. If you change any data. the R/3 System provides up-to-the-minute. Once running. promises to make dramatic changes in communications between businesses and customers. while making your information more meaningful. The R/3 System’s business processes are flexible. SAP developed most of the R/3 System’s functionality in close cooperation with these customers.com • Concurrent engineering: Concurrent engineering cuts time-to-market by stacking up business processes whenever functions can take place concurrently rather than consecutively. For additional information. You can also use your mouse to change graphics manually . Gradually adding functionality makes core solutions available sooner without sacrificing long-term application muscle.sap. • Lean Implementation: The R/3 System promotes lean implementation through its modular structure. The R/3 System’s three-tiered client/server architecture separates the system into areas devoted to database. The R/3 System’s flexibility and integration help you form the realtime workflow application links required for concurrent engineering. you can instantly see it affect the graphics you have selected. new users bring the full power of the R/3 System to address their business issues with great speed.• Real-Time Information: The R/3 System’s ability to “drill down” to whatever level of detail you need is legendary. it has integrated the best business practices of the world’s most successful companies into the R/3 System. see SAP’s Web pages at: http://www. and minimizing customization. • Desktop Integration: Desktop integration in the R/3 System means that whenever you want data moved into a desktop PC application. • Best of Breed: Users want standard software as well as standard business processes and guidance on how to implement them successfully. Download or export a file to your PC’s hard drive and then open it in your favorite spreadsheet or word processor. If you need or want to fine tune or tailor your R/3 System. at a reasonable cost. By selecting key portions of the R/3 System for first-time implementation. Tools on various system levels allow you to fine tune all R/3 System functional modules. and desktop presentation. pragmatic and well documented. the capability is there. Nine of the top ten Fortune 500 companies use SAP software. Consequently. • Enterprise-wide three-tiered architecture: The R/3 System remains the only enterprise-wide. From most locations in the R/3 System.ext. it is a mouse-click away. You do not need to compromise on flexibility. freedom of application component choice and the ability to change and add to the system as your organization grows. This structure promotes maximum flexibility. Today they form a widely acknowledged standard for Business Process Reengineering (BPR). No awkward or failure-prone communications between hardware or to hinder hinders your productivity • Online Integrated Graphics: Online integrated graphics in the R/3 System save you time and effort. • Mission-Critical Business Processes: SAP has more than 20 years of experience designing sophisticated application software for backbone and mission critical business processes. you can instantly create full-color 2-D or 3-D graphics from your data. With the R/3 System you get the “best of breed” for all common business processes. application functionality. including the World-Wide Web. More than any other product. real-time information wherever and whenever you need it. three-tiered architecture.
SAP FUNCTIONALITY In order to understand a system like SAP a thorough understanding of the events and relationships that take place in a business is required. This task is called Business Process Engineering. o Production Order. Before an operation can be automated or computerized a thorough study of the business must be undertaken. o Vendor Selection--made by the purchasing department o Purchase order sent o goods receipt increasing inventory o Invoice verification as it is received from vendor o Payment to vendor . It is not enough to just realize the Sales. In many large operations there may be no person that has a complete grasp of the situation. Sequential Walk Through Sales • • • • • • o Pre-sales activity--planning and availability support for the sales personnel o Sales Order--The actual entry of the sales order into the system done by the salesperson at the point of sales perhaps using a PCand Internet connections. o Master Production Scheduling MPS--The actual plan for the whole production process o Material Requirements Planning MRP--Where the production plan is actually converted into raw materials input requirements. o Shop Floor Control where the actual production takes place and is registered into the system as finished Purchasing • • • • • • o Requisition--Once the Production manager plans to manufacture something a requisition for the raw materials required but not on hand must be prepared. Finance and Accounting have jobs to do in a business. o Delivery o Customer Billing o Customer Payment Production • • • • into a o Sales and Operations Planning SOP where the sales forecasts are used in a production planning model to check feasibility. o Planned Order--When materials are available and capacity exists this plan is created and then converted • • goods. the timing of that action and its interrelationships with every other process must be understood. o Determining where the most efficient source of the ordered product is in inventory and shipping it. The exact details of each action. Production.
Finance and Accounting • • • • • • • o Sales events must be captured at the proper time into the ledger system o Inventory must be adjusted to match goods shipped o Inventory must be adjusted to match raw materials received o Inventory must be adjusted to move value from raw materials to work in process o Inventory must be adjusted to increase finished goods when they are produced o Accounts Payable must be set up for purchases o Accounts Receivable must reflect goods billed but not yet paid for Business Process Engineering must not only identify all these steps but must also find the most efficient way to minimize redundant actions. When finished goods are shipped customers should be automatically billed at the same instant. When manufacturing plans are updated raw materials should be automatically ordered from vendors. inventory and manufacturing plans should be automatically updated. Real situations are far more complex than the simple explanation above . For example. when sales are made.
work centers. control and monitoring of long-term.SAP MODULES SAP has several layers. These tasks affect the production plans • MM Materials Management--supports the procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations such as purchasing. accounts payable and other sub-ledger accounts with a user defined chart of accounts. sales and operations planning. shop floor control. inspection. This module includes. production orders. • PM Plant Maintenance--In a complex manufacturing process maintenance means more than sweeping the floors. and control for manufacturing and procurement. sales order processing. • PP Production Planning--is used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of a company. It is a management instrument for organizational decisions. tools and services • IS Industry Solutions--combine the SAP application modules and additional industry-specific functionality. depreciation and investment management. etc. This connection means that the "books" are designed to reflect the real situation. The heart of the system from a manager's viewpoint are the application modules. • QM Quality Management--is a quality control and information system supporting quality planning. master production scheduling. accounts receivable. • SD Sales and Distribution--helps to optimize all the tasks and activities carried out in sales. Special techniques have been developed for industries such as banking. • CO Controlling--represents the company's flow of cost and revenue. • PS Project System--is designed to support the planning. • HR Human Resources--is a complete integrated system for supporting the planning and control of personnel activities. The Basis System is the heart of the data operations and should be not evident to higher level or managerial users. pre-sales support. These modules may not all be implemented in a typical company but they are all related and are listed below: • FI Financial Accounting--designed for automated management and external reporting of general ledger. inventory management. etc. billing and sales information system . It too is automatically updated as events occur. • AM Asset Management--designed to manage and supervise individual aspects of fixed assets including purchase and sale of assets. quotation processing. delivery and billing. material requirements planning. Other customizing and implementation tools exist also. product costing. reorder point processing. oil and gas. Key elements are. As entries are made relating to sales production and payments journal entries are automatically posted. routings. bills of material. etc. inquiry processing. • WF Workflow--links the integrated SAP application modules with cross-application technologies. highly complex projects with defined goals. Equipment must be services and rebuilt. pharmaceuticals. delivery processing.
It’s highly configurable. This involves coordinating the persons involved. Among all the ERP’s most of the companies implemented or trying to implement SAP because of number of advantages aver other ERP packages. You can use pre-defined business content in BW using your non-SAP data. A sample application provided for faster learning and implementation. You can run BW without R/3 implementation. min data redundancy. max data consistency. which needs to be processed (business objects). • Different types of ERP? SAP. • What is WF and its importance? Business Work Flow: Tool for automatic control and execution of cross-application processes. you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing. • What is IDES? International Demonstration and Education System. BAAN. JD Edwards.QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS • Can BW run without a SAP R/3 implementation? Certainly. . and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package • Why do you usually choose to implement SAP? There are number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. Siebel. PeopleSoft. Infomatica. the data. Here you simply need to map the transfer structures associated with BW data sources (InfoCubes. • What is SAP? SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems. Applications. highly secure data handling. DataStage and others will have been certified to load data in BW. Oracle Financials. the work steps required. Transparency and quality are enhanced by its use. The main advantage is reduction in throughput times and the costs involved in managing business processes. Several third party ETL products such as Acta. tight integration-cross function. ODS tables) to the inbound data files or use 3rd part tool to connect your flat files and other data sources and load data in BW.
Takes care of any enterprise however diverse in operation. • Describe how to setup a printer in SAP or where they would look to research why a user/users can not print? . • Describe how SAP handles Memory Management? ST02 / ST03 In general via table buffers. • Name some drawbacks of SAP Interfaces are huge problem. heap (private) memory. etc. Expensive.FOOTER. roll out. This knowledge gives the student a much deeper understanding of how a business operates. disks. • What is the typical structure of an ABAP/4 program? HEADER . where R/3 was designed for transaction processing. • What are the major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3? Would it be sufficient just to Web-enable R/3 Reports? Performance — Heavy reporting along with regular OLTP transactions can produce a lot of load both on the R/3 and the database (cpu. demands highly trained staff. application server and database server are located at different system. memory. Just take a look at the load put on your system during a month end. roll in. In R/3 system all the three servers like presentation. • How can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about how business operates? In order to use an ERP system. Using SAP as a tool to learn about ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate. lengthy implementation time. Data analysis — BW uses a Data Warehouse and OLAP concepts for storing and analyzing data. you could go into the whole Work Process. Determine where master data resides.• What is SAP R/3? A third generation set of highly integrated software modules that performs common business function based on multinational leading practice. or year-end — now imagine that occurring even more frequently. etc). However just as a Unix or DBA admin would know.BODY. spread over the world. is you look this up when needed for the exact specifics. a business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. quarter end. With a lot of work you can get the same analysis out of R/3 but most likely would be easier from a BW. very complex.
InfoCubes. • SAP Basics feature * Configuration of the SAP modules o Transaction SPRO . .Technical info o CTRL+X .Cut o CTRL+C .SPAD.Paste * Navigation o /n Skip to the next record if you are processing one batch input session o /bend Cancel a batch input foreground process o /nend Close all R/3 sessions and logoff o /nxxx x Call the transaction xxxx in the same session o /o Generate a session list o /oxxx x Call the transaction xxxx in an additional session o /i Delete the current session o /h Turn the debug mode on o /$tab Reset all buffers (for System Administrators) o /$syn c Synchronize instances buffers (for System Administrators) • What is ERP? ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for the integrated management of business as a whole. These information models essentially contain roles.Possible entries or matchcode for the field you are accessing o F5 . workbooks. queries. ERP was targeted for manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial market. for effective use of management resources.. * Function Key o F1 . Initially. to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. Business Content provides selected roles within a company with the information they need to carry out their tasks.Previous screen o F8 . update rules and extractors for SAP R/3. InfoSources. • Explain the concept of “Business Content” in SAP Business Information Warehouse? Business Content is a pre-configured set of role and task-relevant information models based on consistent Metadata in the SAP Business Information Warehouse. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERP software is designed for basic process of a company from manufacturing to small shops with a target of integrating information across the company.Copy o CTRL+V . SP01.Next screen o F9 . SM50.Help o F4 .com Business Applications and other selected applications.this is the main tree for all the configuration. characteristics. mySAP.. key figures. SU01 .Selection screen o F7 .
Its is designed to provide solutions for companies in Demand planning. In each subsequent EXTRACT statement. you fill the extract dataset with records of different length and structure.e. network design.• What does an extract statement do in the ABAP program? Once you have declared the possible record types as field groups and defined their structure. When the first EXTRACT statement occurs in a program. the variables are only for that program and also local to that memory. extract datasets provide the advantage that you need not determine the structure at the beginning of the program. By processing EXTRACT statements several times using different field groups. • What is an ABAP? ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is a high level programming language created by the German software company SAP. For example. part of its NetWeaver platform for building business applications. Its syntax is somewhat similar to COBOL. When you extract the data.. transportation and scheduling.GLOBAL EXISTANCE(these could be used by any other program without creating it again). It is currently positioned as the language for programming SAP's Web Application Server. • What is the advantage of structures? How do you use them in the ABAP programs? Adv:.whereas sap memory can access all the abap memory or else it can perform any kind of modifications • What is SAP APO? SAP APO stands for Advanced Planner and Optimizer. the system creates the extract dataset and adds the first extract record to it. the structure of the corresponding extract record in the extract dataset is fixed. As soon as the system has processed the first EXTRACT statement for a field group . the new extract record is added to the dataset EXTRACT HEADER. You can no longer insert new fields into the field groups and HEADER. you can fill the extract dataset using the following statements: EXTRACT. . a runtime error occurs. • What is the difference between SAP memory and ABAP memory? sap memory is a global memory whereas abap memory is local memory. If you try to modify one of the field groups afterwards and use it in another EXTRACT statement. Since you can modify field groups dynamically up to their first usage in an EXTRACT statement. the record is filled with the current values of the corresponding fields. which is one area of SCM and application component of MySAP product. supply network planning. we have four programs in abap memory and assigned some varibles to a particular program in abap memory then those varibles can't be used by anyother program in abap memory i. production planning and global available to promise.
etc.• What is the work relation between SAP-MM. sales doc. mapping. Purchasing. shipping. implementing according to ASAP methodology. Accounts Payable: Information system ® Reports for accounts payable ® Vendor items ® List of vendor open items for printing. • What are the activities we will do in SAP MM module implementation? Various activities in SAP MM are : Inventory. list for printing. • What is an Open Item in SAP? How will you find an Open Item in SAP? you can generate a list of open items from the information systems menu option: * General Ledger: Information system ® General ledger reports ® Line items ® General ledger line items ® G/L line items. Warehouse. solution desion. • What is the one full implementation of life cycle in SAP-BW. From manufacturing the product/goods/services to reaching the customer. Invoice varification. All the transaction process is depending on sales area. . analysis.? Full life cycle implementation means implementing the project start from requirement gathering. Vendor evolution. delivery and billing. item proposals. * Accounts Receivable: Information system * ® Reports for accounts receivable ® Customer items ® List of customer open items for printing. SD and fi/co modules? SAP is the integration of all the modules and the topics are very relavent to each other because basically its management skillsetgroup.