Capricorn 11: A large group of pheasants

T h e w o r d l a rg e d e sc e n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n l a rgu s me a n i n g “ g e n e r o u s . ” 1 O n e o f i t s d e fi n i t i o n s i n t h e A me ri c a n

H e ri ta ge D i ct i on a ry o f t h e E n gl i s h L a n gu a ge ( A H DE L ) i s “ o f g r e a t e r t h a n
a v e r a g e s c op e , b re a d t h , o r ca p a c i t y ; comprehensive.” T h e w o r d g r oup d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t g (e )r -2 w h i ch m e a n s “ c u r v i n g, c r o o k e d . ” 2 I t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e gra p e , gr a p ne l , gra p p l e, c ru m m ie , c ru m p e t, c ru m b le ,

c ri m p , c ra m p, c ripp l e, c re ep, c ri n gl e, c ri n kl e , c re e k, c roo k, c ro c h e t, c ro q u e t, c ro c h et , cro c ke t , c ro tc h , c rou c h , en c ro a c h, c ru tc h , c a rp , c ru l le r, c u rl , l a c ro s se , a n d c ro u p , c ro up i e r, c ro p pe r, c rop , c ru s e, c rè c h e , c ra dl e, c a rt , c ro ft , a n d en cro a c h .
T h e w o r d p he as ant d e s c e n d s f r o m t he A n g l o - F r e n c h fe s au n t , t h e O l d F r e n c h f ai s an , t h e L a t i n p h a s ia n u s , a n d u l t i m a t e l y f r o m t h e G r e e k

p h a s ai n o s w h i c h me a n t “ a p he a s a n t ’ a n d l i t e r a l l y “ a P h a si a n b i r d . ”
P h a s i a n i s t he a d j e c t i v a l f o r m o f t he Ph a s i s , “ a r i v e r f l o wi n g i n t o t he B l a c k S e a i n C o l c h i s , w h e r e t h e b i r d s w e r e s a i d t o h a v e b e e n n u m e r o u s. ”
3

A s a c o m m on n o un , t h e w o r d p h a si s i s “ a p h a se , a sp e ct , w a y , s t a ge . ” 4

T h e w o r d s p h a s is a n d p h a se d e s c e n d fr o m t h e I E r o ot b ha -1 w h i c h m e a n s “ t o s hi n e ” a n d f r om w h i c h a l s o d e s ce n d t h e w o r d s b ea co n , b e c ko n , b uo y ,

b e rry , m u l be rry , f ra m b e si a , ba n do l e er , b an de ro l e , ba n ne re t , p h os - , p h o t, p h o t o -, p h os p h o rou s , f an t a s y, pa n t, -p h a ne , p h an t a s m, p h e n o l -, p h e n o me n o n , e m ph a s i s , ep ip h a n y, s yc o p h a n t , t i f f an y , a n d p h a nt a s m a go ria .
1 2 3 4 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/large Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 27 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ph easant http://www.yourdictionary.com/phasis Starling Hunter © 2011 1

T HEME S : T h e f i r st t h e m e h e r e c on c e r n s t h i n g s C U RVED a n d C ROOK ED . A s s h o wn a b o v e , t h e w o r d g r o u p d e s c e n d s f r om a r o o t t ha t m e a n s “ c u r v i n g, c r o o k e d ” a n d a m o n g i t s p a r o n y m s a r e se v e r a l w o r d s c o n s i st e n t w i t h t h i s d e f i n i t i on , e . g. c ro o k , gra p ne l , a n d cu rl . P a r o n y m s o f ot h e r k e y w o r d s a l s o c o n n o t e t h i s i d e a . F i r st l y , t he r e i s t h e w o r d p h a se , a p a r o n y m o f ph e as an t . D e p i c t i on s o f ph a s e s c on t a i n e d i n m a t he m a t i c a l o r p h y s i c a l m o d e l s a r e o f t e n r e p r e s e n t e d t w o d i m e n s i on a l l y b y cu r v i n g a n d c r o o k e d l i n e s. A n d t he r e i s b a n de ro l e w h i c h m e a n s “ a r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f a ri b b on o r s c r o l l b e a r i n g a n inscription.”5 A s e c o n d t he m e c on c e r n s F RU IT . A mo n g t h e p a r o n y m s o f p h e asa nt a re

b e rry , m u l be rry , a n d f ra m b e si a . T h e la t t e r i s r e la t e d t o t h e F r e n c h f ra m b o i s e w h i c h me a n s ra s pb e rry . O n e o f t h e p a r on y m s o f g r oup i s t he
w o r d gra p e .

5 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/banderole Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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