Final Exam a Qms 102 Fall 2010 | Standard Deviation | Median

# Business Statistics I CQMS 102 Final Examination Fall 2010

1. This is a closed book examination except students may use: - Calculators - Three sheets (8.5 x 11 inch) of notes. 2. There are 10 questions with a total of 100 marks 3. Where indicated the final answer must be placed on the drawn line provided. Only the final answer(s) for questions/parts of questions will be marked. 4. Time allotted: Two and one half hours. 5. Write neatly and legibly. 6. There are 17 pages (including this cover sheet) 7. Do not remove any pages from this examination package 8. Fill in the information requested below: Name:________________ Section No:_______________ Student No:__________________

THE G. RAYMOND CHANG SCHOOL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3 Tel: 416.979.5035 Fax: 416.979.5277 E-mail: ce@ryerson.ca www.ryerson.ca/ce

2 117. 7 103. 4 106 107 109. 2 103. 5 106. 4 110. 7 113 105. 5 115.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 2 of 18 Question 1 (4 marks) 1. 9 107. 5 120. 8 118. 4 120. 4 120. 8 105. The table below lists the Farm product price index for Canada 1997=100. 7 116. Perform the following analysis: October 2008 November 2008 December 2008 January 2009 February 2009 March 2009 April 2009 May 2009 June 2009 July 2009 August 2009 September 200 9 October 2009 November 2009 December 2009 January 2010 February 2010 March 2010 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 August 2010 124 121 120. 1 103. 2 105. 6 .

750 3.993292 1 .528.1003967 8 0.000 \$10.1607162 9 0.000 \$100.063.550 7500 12500 17500 22500 30000 43500 62500 87500 125000 175000 225000 300000 2.920 Relative Frequency 0.000 and under \$200. Listed below is a modified Stats Canada Table “Individuals by total income level” for 2008.680 862.000 and under \$150.000 and under \$15.000 \$250.000 and under \$25.980573 0. listing the number of individuals in various income brackets.26471 0.983.0348737 9 0.482.365107 0. Note that the class widths are not equal. (11 marks) Class Limits Under \$5.700 90. all income groups Median total income Class Number of Midpoints Individuals 2500 2.000 \$75.570 2.883888 0.0067084 6 1 Cumul Rel.445317 0.000 \$200.710 3.0988841 3 0.840 165.348.000 \$20.550 2.445.000 and under \$100.000 and under \$75.165826 0.037.000 \$50.0618111 3 0.580715 0.0036730 5 0.0823869 3 0.000 and under \$350.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 3 of 18 Construct the stem and leaf diagram for the above data.000 to under \$10.0090451 6 0.480 223.000 \$25.9457 0.000 and under \$50.974.590 3.000 and under \$250.989618 0.1424573 6 0. Freqency 0.0001 Total.470 28. (4 marks) Farm product Index Tens Ones 10 333 555667 10 79 11 03 11 5678 12 000014 2.960 1.000 and under \$20.000 \$35.000 and under \$35.1353979 4 0.0834390 4 0.000 \$150.082387 0.910 24.0802099 5 0.523.741431 0.000 \$5.731.180 1.000 \$15.

Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 4 of 18 1. Find the Grouped Mean (2 marks) ___39775. Estimated upper limit.2 Q3:50503. . Complete the blank columns in the table (3 marks) __________ b. a. Comment on the shape of the distribution. Estimate the first quartile (Q1) and the third quartile (Q3) (4 marks) ___________ Q1: 14256.73______ c.8 d. Is it left or right skewed or symmetrical? (2 marks) ____Right Skewed – notice when u chart relative frequency to the midpoint.

Then state what type of probability distribution is applicable for this problem: (1 mark) ______________Binomial________________________ 3. 2. What is the probability that between 4 and 8 (inclusive) in the sample of 30 will renew their subscription after the first year? (2 marks) __________________________________0.Name_____________ Question 3 (8 marks) Student Number: ______________ Page 5 of 18 It is known from past experience that only 20% of all new customers subscribing to the QMS Business Statistics magazine renew their subscription after the first year. Find the probability that fewer than 20% of the new customers in the sample of 30 renew their subscription after the first year by answering the following: 1. Then compute and state the required probability that fewer than 20% in the sample of 30 will renew subscription after the first year: (2 marks) ___________________________________0.6070__________________ b. First define the variable X: (1 mark) The variable X is suppose to represent the number of individuals that renew their subscription to QMS. A random sample of 30 new customers is selected for statistical analysis. a.7487____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _ c. What is the most likely number of renewed subscriptions after the first year in the sample of 30? (2 marks) _6 ------When exploring various X values we find that the probability is the highest at X=6 .

What was the median pay per hour of overtime? (3 marks) Median: 5 and 6 5: 1739 6: 2016 Median =1877.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 6 of 18 Question 4 (10 marks) An engineering project has fallen behind schedule and therefore required a lot of overtime work by a number of engineers over the last month.4 hours b. What was the average hourly overtime pay rate per engineer? (2 marks) 56.8 hours c. What was the average pay per hour of overtime? (3 marks) 55.04 d. Engineer 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Overtime hours 32 21 16 23 10 45 78 76 56 37 Pay (\$/hr) 63 56 48 59 77 54 42 66 56 47 a.5 . What was the average number of hours of overtime worked per engineer? (2 marks) 39. The project manager generated the following table of the overtime hours and associated costs for ten engineers that charged overtime.

What is the probability that a randomly selected student will score between 55% and 65% on the test? (5 marks) 1.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 7 of 18 Question 5 (12 marks) Student grades on a statistics test follow an approximately normal distribution with a mean of 63% and a standard deviation of 7%.1587_________ c.4859. a. Then compute and state the required probability value: (2 marks) The required probability value is 0. What mark will be exceeded by only 7% of the students? (2 marks) ______________73. What percentage of all the students who wrote the test will score more than 70%? (2 marks) _________________________0. Then state what type of probability distribution is applicable for this problem: (1 mark) _____________Normal Distribution___________________ 3. First define the variable X: (1 mark) ____________X is the the probability that a student will be chosen 2.33%____________________ . b.

63) = 58 Q3 = InvN(Left tail. sigma xbar = sigma / sqrt(36) = 7/6 = P(62 < xbar < 64) = Ncd(62. If thirty six (36) students write this statistics test.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 8 of 18 d.64. Calculate the first quartile (Q1) and the third quartile (Q3) for the distribution of student marks (2 marks) Q1 = InvN(Left tail.1. 7. 63) = 67. 0.7 = 68 _________________________________________________________________ e.25.6086 _________________________________________________________________ . 63) = 0.75. 0. what is the probability that the average mark will be between 62% and 64%? (2 marks) Sampling distribution question.1666. 7.

3) = 1 – 0. a. (2 marks) ________ Ppd(2. Find the probability that in a randomly chosen 20-meter length of cable.Name_____________ Question 6 (10 marks) Student Number: ______________ Page 9 of 18 Defects in the insulation of an electrical cable occur randomly at an average rate of 1. What is the probability that in a 40-m length of this cable there will be at least 3 defects? (3 marks) ________1 – Pcd(2. Find the probability that in a randomly chosen 20-meter length of cable there are at most 2 defects.1.5) = 0. there are exactly two defects by answering the following: First define the variable X below: (1 mark) The variable X stands for the number of defects founds Then state what probability distribution is applicable? (2 marks) _________Poisson distribution_______________________________________ Then compute and state the required probability value.5768 .8088 c.5) = 0.4232 = 0.2510_________________________ b.1. (2 marks) Pcd (2.5 per 20meter length of the cable.

00 2. Calculate the expected demand per week for the pastry boxes.50 3 19. However.17 2 0.41_______________________ .19 0. Complete the table below assuming the demand probability distribution remains unchanged. No.50 10.50 10.09 0.25 3 0. but the pastry shop owner orders 3 pastry boxes per week.00 What is the expected profit when the pastry shop owner orders 3 pastry boxes per week? ________________\$3.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 10 of 18 Question 7 (12 marks distributed as follows: 2. Sold Sales Revenue (\$) 0 0 1 6.50 -4.00 9. the shop owner must decide how many pastry boxes to order so as to maximize profit.49 (2. At the start of each week.50 2 13.17 0.50 10.50 10. The café sells each pastry box for \$6. ____2.50 -10.19 5 0. The pastry boxes are delivered each Monday morning from the bakery to the pastry shop.50 Costs (\$) Profits (\$) 10.50 3 19. all pastry boxes not sold by the end of the week must be discarded and fresh pastry boxes must be ordered for the following week.50 9.50 to the bakery for each pastry box. 6. x P(X=x ) 0 0. The shop owner pays \$3. 4) The Unforgettable Desserts pastry café sells boxes of assorted pastries.00 9.25 0.50 10.08 c.22 0.09 1 0.50.22 4 0.00 3 19.5)__________ b.08 a. Experience has shown that the weekly demand for the pastry boxes by café customers may be modeled by a random variable X with a probability distribution as shown below: x 0 1 2 3 4 5 P(x) 0.

5) *100 = 25. What percentage (correct to two decimal places) of individuals had an income of at least \$50.6 0. The median gross income is: approximately 30000 is the income.5 c.3 0. 2 per part) The observed frequency ogive below provides an approximation of the annual individual gross income in Canada for 2008 (Statistics Canada).Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 11 of 18 Question 8 (10 marks.6 1.31%________ ._______ b.3 3.5 0.2/24. Use the frequency ogive to answer the following: a. Complete the frequency distribution below: Gross Income (\$1000s) 0 to under 25 25 to under 50 50 to under 75 75 to under 100 100 to under 125 125 to under 150 150 to under 175 175 to under 200 Total Frequency (millions) 11 7.1 24.1 0.000? ____________=(6.

9 2. Complete the table below: Student Number: ______________ Page 12 of 18 Gross Income (X in \$1000s) X < 25 25 ≤ X < 75 X ≥ 75 Frequency (millions) 11 10.Name_____________ d.63 .6 e. Assume income tax paid on gross income was in accordance with the following table: Gross Income (X in \$1000s) X < 25 25 ≤ X < 75 X ≥ 100 Income Tax Rate (percentage) 15 25 45 What is the mean income tax rate (as a percent correct to two decimal places) paid by a tax payer in Canada? 22.

State the value of each outlier: (if no outliers exist state “None”): ________________________3000.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 13 of 18 Question 9 (13 marks. The right outer fence ________3315_____________LOF:__ h. The first quartile____495______________________ c.5_____________LIF:_0___ g. State the value of each extreme: (if no extremes exist state “None”): _________________________________4700_________________________ .5____________________ e. The right inner fence _______2257. The median _________607. 2450________________________________ k. The interquartile range ___705__________________ f.056_________________ b. The left whisker starts at ________90_________________ i. The third quartile __________1200_______________ d. The mean weight_________1121. 1 per part except where otherwise indicated) The following represent the weights in lbs of garden soil delivered by trucks from the Green Backyard warehouse to customers on Tuesday: 600 200 625 615 550 475 495 90 510 1200 3000 2000 1080 200 800 2450 589 4700 Help the manager of Green Backyard construct a box-whisker plot for the data by stating the value of each of the following: a. The right whisker ends at_______2000_________________ j.

Indicate the mean with “+” and the right fences with broken vertical lines. Do not draw the left fences. Draw the horizontal box-whisker plot for the data. Draw the diagram within the given rectangle with the box-whisker plot centered on the given horizontal center line.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 14 of 18 l. (2 marks) .

b. 4=favor. None of the above 5. 2. The average age of all members in a club is 32.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 15 of 18 Question 10 (10 marks.2 points this season. Ordinal c. c. A basketball team scored an average of 67. Ratio e. Nominal b. d. None of the above 4. e. In a survey the respondent is asked to rate a grocery chain: 1= strongly dislike. 21% of the students in a class received an A grade. Interval d. The scale of measurement used is: a. None of the above . Ratio e. 60% of all voters prefer a certain political party. Ratio e. The average income of tax payers sampled in a poll d. 3=neutral. The average salary for all employed workers. 2= dislike. 3.1 years. The range of ages of all students attending universities e. The scale of measurement is: a. Nominal b. b. Ordinal c. A questionnaire asks the respondent to report his or her gender. 1 mark per part unless otherwise indicated) Circle the letter of the most appropriate response: 1. Based on a sample of 500 voters. Which of the following involves inferential statistics as opposed to descriptive statistics? a. Ordinal c. The most frequently occurring number of telephones in a Canadian household. A town reported 17 burglaries this month. Interval d. Which of the following is most likely a statistic as opposed to a parameter? a. 5=strongly favor. Nominal b. Interval d. The proportion of all drivers who have insurance c. A questionaire asks the respondent to indicate his or her height. The scale of measurement is: a.

Rbar = 6. The results were: Sample Number 1 2 3 4 5 Mean 25 22 19 23 24 Range 7 5 9 5 6 8. LCL = 0.7. UCL = 13. upper control limit.0 e. UCL = 12. LCL = 6.80 e.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 16 of 18 6.44 c. and lower control limit for a 3-sigma range chart should be set at: a.0 d. The standardized value (z score) corresponding to a data value of 64 would be: a. UCL = 14. 0. 3. A visual display that plots points on the horizontal axis based on the upper endpoints of the class and on the vertical axis according to the cumulative number of data values up to and including that class.7. -0.44 d.80 b.6. None of the above 7. Rbar = 6. LCL = 6. LCL = 6.7. Frequency polygon c.4 . Ogive e. The centerline.0.20 Use the control chart factors table (last page of exam) and the following data to answer the next two questions (#8 and #9): Five samples.0. LCL = 0. UCL = 13.0 b. Histogram b. -1. UCL = 14.4. each consisting of four measurements. Rbar = 6. Relative frequency polygon d. Rbar = 6. Suppose that a population has a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 20. and then connects the plotted points is called a(n): a.4.6. were taken to evaluate whether a process was in control. Rbar = 6.0 c. 1.0.

UCL = 29.9. xbar = 22. c. and lower control limit for a 3-sigma mean chart should be set at: a. The binomial distribution approaches the normal distribution as the sample size increases. e.9 c. UCL = 27. UCL = 27.3. xbar = 22. LCL = 20. The mean of the sample (xbar) approaches the mean of the population (μ) as the sample size increases. xbar = 22.9. b. UCL = 24. LCL = 20. Both b and d are true . LCL = 17.0. LCL = 17. LCL = 16.3 b.6. The distribution of the sample means remains constant as the sample size increases.6.2 10. upper control limit.0. The centerline. d. The distribution of the sample means (xbar) approaches the normal distribution as the sample size increases.6. The central limit theorem states that: a.9 e. xbar = 22. xbar = 22.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 17 of 18 9. regardless of the shape of the distribution of x.3.3 d. UCL = 24. regardless of the shape of the distribution of x.0.

059 2.729 0.575 2.853 0.Name_____________ Student Number: ______________ Page 18 of 18 Number of observations in sample 2 3 4 5 6 d2 1.693 2.888 0.848 .128 1.114 2.267 2.880 1.282 2.577 0.483 0.864 0.880 0.004 A2 1.023 0.534 d3 Control Chart Factors D3 0 0 0 0 0 D4 3.326 2.