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Binocular

Binocular

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TM 9-1240-403-12&P

OPERATOR’S AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL
(INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST)

BINOCULAR M22
(1240-01-207-5787)
Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors (this publication is required for administration and operational purposes). This determination was made on 30 September 1987. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Commander, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command, ATTN: AMSMC-MAS, Rock Island, IL 61299-6000. DESTRUCTION NOTICE - Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 8 July 1 9 8 8

TM 9-1240-403-12&P

WARNING

WHEN USING THE BINOCULAR, NEVER POINT IT DIRECTLY AT THE SUN. THE HEAT GENERATED BY THE FOCUSED RAYS OF THE SUN MAY CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO YOUR EYES AND TO THE OPTICAL ELEMENTS OF THE BINOCULAR.

a

TM 9-1240-403-12&P
WARNING

The M22 Binocular is provided with laser protection filters as indicated by the label located on the objective lens filter frame. This label must not be removed. The laser protective coating is contained on the inside surface of the outermost lens. If this lens is lost or damaged the binocular is considered non-operational and must be turned in. Use of a binocular with a faulty coated lens may result in irreparable eye damage if laser light is viewed through the binocular. b

Armament and Chemical Acquisition and Logistics Activity. DC 4 SEPTEMBER 1998 Operator’s and Organizational Maintenance Manual (including Repair Ports List) for Binocular. Remove pages (19 blank)/20 21/(22 blank) Insert Pages 19 and 20 21/(22 blank) Distribution authorized to U S Government agencies and their contractors (this publication is required for administration and operational purposes) This determination was made on 30 September 1987. 1 Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. Rock Island.2 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON. M22 (1240-01-207-5787) TM 9-1240-403-12&P. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Director. IL 61299-7630 . 8 July 1988. is changed as follows. ATTN AMSTA-AC-NML.ARMY TM 9-1240-403-12&P CHANGE NO.

Retain this sheet in front of manual for reference purposes.ARMY TM 9-1240-403-12&P 2 New or changed material is indicated by a verticle bar in the margin of the page. 2 . Illustration changes are indicated by a miniature pointing hand.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army: Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 05649 DENNIS J. United States Army Chief of Staff DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with the Initial Distribution Number (IDN) 41087. RElMER General. . requirements for TM 9-1240-403-12&P.

New or changed illustrations are indicated by a pointing hand highlighting the change. . 3. New or changed material is indicated by a vertical bar in the margin of the page. 9-1240-403-12&P. DC 25 May 1993 OPERATOR’S AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL (INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST) BINOCULAR M22 (1240-01-207-5787) TM 1. Remove Pages Insert Pages (19 blank)/20 (19 blank)/20 21/(22 blank) 21/(22 blank) File this sheet in the back of the manual for reference purposes. 2.TM 9-1240-403-12&P CHANGE No. is changed as follows: Remove old pages and insert new pages as indicated below. 8 July 1988. 1 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington.

United States Army Chief of Staff Official: MILTON H. . requirements for TM 9-1240403-12&P. HAMILTON Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 04080 DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-41-E.By Order of the Secretary of the Army: GORDON R. SULLIVAN General. Block 0387.

(This publication is required for administration and operational purposes.. DESTRUCTION NOTICE . Government agencies and their contractors.C. Other requests for this document shall be referred to Commander. M22 (1240-01-207-5787) Distribution authorized to U.S. D.S. 8 July 1988 OPERATOR’S AND ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE MANUAL (INCLUDING REPAIR PARTS LIST) BINOCULAR. i . U. Army Armament.Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents of reconstruction of the document. IL 61299-6000. Munitions and Chemical Command. ATTN: AMSMC-MAS.) This determination was made on 30 September 1987.TM 9-1240-403-12&P HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON. Rock Island.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . or DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Expendable/Durable Supplies and Materials . . . . . . . 7 Other Extreme Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Operating Adjustments . . . ATTN: AMSMC-MAS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Maintenance Allocation Chart . . . . . . . IL 61299-6000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Description and Special Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Extreme Cold/Extreme Heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . please let us know. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Laser Protection Filters . Army Armament Munitions and Chemical Command. . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Use of Reticle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TM 9-1240-403-12&P Page: TABLE OF CONTENTS Cleaning Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 General Characteristics . . . . . . . . . 3 Handling Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 How to Remove/Install Neck Strap . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Repair Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 REPORTING ERRORS AND RECOMMENDING IMPROVEMENTS You can help improve this manual. . direct to: Commander. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Normal Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mail your letter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A reply will be furnished to you. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rock Island. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If you find any mistakes or if you know of a way to improve the procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Check under therubberarmor piece (5) for this label. 1 . The binocular iS equipped with a neck strap (3) for easy portability.TM 9-1240-403-12&P DESCRIPTION & SPECIAL FEATURES: NOTE The M22 Binocular is equipped with fold down eye cups (1) for use by personnel who wear eve alasses to shorten the distance between eyes and eyepiece. The label must not be removed. There is a laser safety coating code label (4) located on one of the objective lens filter frames. The objective covers (2) provide protection for the binocular. instrument intended for use in general field observation and fire direction One of the telescopes of the binocular includes a horizontal and verticle reticle graduated in 10-mil increments. The binocular consists of two telescopes hinged at the center by an index pin and sleeve arrangement.

The reading on each diopter scale (7) should then be noted for future reference. Fold Down 5. Eye Lens Cover Each telescope is comprised of eyecups (1). These assemblies are optically prealigned at the factory and must not be disassembled. Housing R. a housing assembly (2 or 3) and objective covers (4). Interpupillary Scale 2. 4. 7. By rotating the knurled adapter ring (6) of the eyepieces. Eyecups. Housing Objective Covers 6. Once this distance is set for your eye spacing.H. 2 The friction necessary to maintain the proper interpupillary distance (distance between the eyes) is created by eleven rubber 0-rings installed in the grooves of the index pin. Knurled Adapter Diopter Scale Ring 8. you can focus each telescope to accommodate your particular optical characteristics.TM 9-1240-403-12&P DESCRIPTION & SPECIAL FEATURES (cont’d) 1. the reading on the interpupillary scale (5) can be noted for future reference. L.H. The eye lens cover (8) should be placed over the eyepieces when the binocular is not in use. . 3.

.130 meters at 1. . . . . . Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 cm/7. . . . . . . . .30 meters to infinity Line Item No. . . .6 kg/3. . . . . . . . . .5 lb 3 . .1. .50mm Magnification .7X Field of View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TM 9-1240-403-12&P GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Optical Characteristics Objective Lens Diameter. . . . . .000 meters Depth of Field. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weight. . . . . .18. .22 cm/8. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 in. . . . . . .7 in. .: B67766 Physical Characteristics Width (Open Position) . . . . . .

a portion of this light will be reflected back.TM 9-1240-403-12&P LASER PROTECTION FILTERS WARNING Use of a binocular with a faulty coated lens may result in irreparable eye damage if laser light is viewed through the binocular. The M22 Binocular is provided with laser protection filters as indicated by the label (1) located on the objective lens filter frame. . If this lens is lost or damaged the binocular is considered nonoperational and must be turned in. The laser protective coating is contained on the inside surface of the outermost lens. Under the 4 special conditions when direct sunlight enters the binocular. producing a sun glint which may be detectable at positions in the general target field.

Follow the instructions outlined in this TM to obtain the best possible usage and service from the binocular. Do not attempt to open or close the binocular beyond its stop limits as this may damage internal and external parts. Do not force the knurled adapter rings beyond marked diopter scale readings as this may damage internal parts. dry place when not actually in use. 5 DON’TS . Special precautions are noted on pages 11 and 12. Do not use a dry cloth to clean the glass surfaces of the binocular. Specific cleaning instructions are given on page 13. Use the neckstrap to protect against accidental dropping of the binocular. Keep the binocular as clean and dry as possible and always store in clean.TM 9-1240-403-12&P HANDLING PRECAUTIONS DO'S Handle the binocular with care. Do not unnecessarily expose the binocular to severe weather elements. Dropping or jarring the binocular can damage or misalign the optics.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P HOW TO REMOVE/lNSTALL NECK STRAP Remove lock buttons (1) from neck strap (2) Slide strap out of binocular holding loops (3). Install one end of neck strap through eye lens cover holding loop (4). Slide strap out of eye lens cover holding loops (4). Repeat procedure for other end of neck strap. Slide end of neck strap (2) through holding loop (3) on bottom of binocular and insert lock button (1) through both holes in neck strap. 6 .

7 . rotate the telescopes about the center of hinge until both circular fields of view have merged mto one circle. Rotate the knurled adapter rings (2) to obtain the sharpest focus and note the scale readings for future reference. The heat generated by the focused rays of the sun may cause serious damage to your eyes and to the optical elements of the binocular. Diopter Adjustment Each eyepiece of the binocular has a diopter scale graduated from plus 4 to minus 4 in half-diopter increments and can be adjusted to suit your eyesight characteristics. view a distant object through the binocular.TM 9-1240-403-12&P OPERATING ADJUSTMENTS W A R N I N G When using the binocular. Interpupillary Adjustment To obtain the proper interpupillary setting for your particular eye spacing. never point it directly at the sun. Note the reading on the interpupillary scale (1) for future reference. Then.

8 . (5) Rotate the eyepiece adapter rings to obtain the proper diopter settings on the diopter scale (see page 7). hold it in a comfortable and stable position. (4) Close the telescopes of the binocular until the interpupillary index scale is at the proper setting for use (see page 7). (3) Unsnap objective covers from front of binocular and let them hang down from binocular.TM 9-1240-403-12&P NORMAL OPERATION (1) Place neck strap about your neck. (6) When sighting through the binocular. (2) Remove eye lens cover by first rotating binocular telescopes inward and then Iifting off eye lens cover. (7) Refer to pages 11 and 12 for precautions to be observed when unusual weather or atmosphere conditions prevail.

etc. Fire corrections can be made by viewing the impact area and determining angular corrections by use of the left or right horizontal reticle scale.20 mils.10 mils. 9 .TM 9-1240-403-12&P USE OF RETICLE One of the telescopes of the binocular includes a horizontal and vertical scale reticle graduated in 10-mil increment unit markings (1 unit .). 2 units .

if an object fills one 10 mil unit marking on the horizontal reticle scale and is known to be 10 meters wide. etc. the distance will be given in the same units of measurement (feet. 10 . it would be 500 meters away. meters. When this formula is used. since objects are often viewed obliquely along the horizontal axis.) as is used in estimating the known size of the object.TM 9-1240-403-12&P USE OF RETICLE (cont’d) In determining range. The use of the vertical scale is preferred (especially on level terrain). The same formula can be used to determine range with the vertical reticle scale when the height of an object is known. If the same size object fills two unit markings (20 mils). the object is 1000 meters away.

The intensified heat may damage the binocular mechanisms. EXTREME HEAT (1) Do not allow the binocular to lie unprotected from the direct rays of the sun. such as carrying it directly from a well-heated area into sub-zero temperatures. The breath may condense and freeze. This will permit the binocular to cool down gradually and prevent condensation from forming. (2) Place the binocular objective and eye lens covers on the binocular before entering an air conditioned area.TM 9-1240-403-12&P EXTREME COLD (1) Avoid breathing directly on the optical elements of the binocular. 11 . (2) Do not expose the binocular to sudden and extreme temperature changes. Extreme temperature changes may cause the optical elements to crack.

thereby causing damage to adjusting mechanisms.TM 9-1240-403-12&P OTHER EXTREME CONDITIONS Sand and Dust (1) Always keep the binocular objective and eye lens covers on when not actually in use. Sand and dust will etch glass surfaces and can penetrate through the smallest openings. High Humidity or Salty Conditions (1) Avoid exposing the binocular to direct salt spray. (2) Always dry the binocular thoroughly after use and immediately clean lens as instructed on page 13 and install objective and eye lens covers. remove all particles of sand and dust from optical elements as instructed on page 13 before installing protective objective and eye lens covers. Salt water is extremely corrosive and can cause irreparable damage to the binocular. (2) Upon completion of operations. 12 .

Remove grease spots. 13 . p. quick strokes. 17) and gently wipe over the surfaces. 17). (Item 1. 16). fingerprints and other soil with soap and water and a well wrung-out cloth (Item 4. p. using a soft brush (Item 2. 17). then dry with a clean.TM 9-1240-403-12&P CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS Binocular Exterior Clean the exterior of the M22 binocular (but not the lenses) with a lint-free cloth. Then. Optical Surfaces Blow as much dust and dirt as possible from the exposed lens surfaces. p. Remove dirt and lint from objective and eye lens cover interior surfaces with a blower. 17) with lens cleaner (Item 3. flicking the brush after each stroke to dislodge the dust it has picked up. (Item 4. p. brush across the surface with light. lint-free cloth. p. p. 16). 17). (Item 4. p. When all visible particles of dust and dirt have been removed. moisten a piece of lens tissue (Item 5.

IL 61299-6000. DA Form 2408-9. Report all defects in material or workmanship on an SF368 (Product Quality Deficiency Report). U. Mail it to us at Commander. in the logbook. found in block 23. Army Armament. ATTN: AMSMC-QAD. S. Rock Island.TM 9-1240-403-12&P WARRANTY The M22 Binocular is warranted by Pioneer & Co. We’ll send you a reply which will provide further instructions. for 5 years. Munitions and Chemical Command. The warranty period starts on the date. 14 .

Product Quality Deficiency Report 15 . Repair Parts and Heraldic Items) The Army Maintenance Management System (TAMMS) General Maintenance Procedures for Fire Control Material. Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms.TM 9-1240-403-12&P REFERENCES FORMS DA Form 2028 SF368 PUBLICATIONS CTA 50-970 DA PAM 738-750 TM 9-254 Expendable Items (Except: Medical Class V.

Carrying Objective Cover Inspect Service Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace Inspect Replace 0. .1 0. .1 0. .TM 9-1240-403-12&P MAINTENANCE ALLOCATION C H A R T C . .1 0. . . Organizational Maintenance Group Component Maintenance Function Category C O 00 01 02 03 04 16 M22 Binocular Eye Cups Eyelens Cover Strap. Operator or Crew O .1 0. .1 0. .1 0.1 0. . .1 0.1 0. .1 0. .1 .

. ANYTHING ELSE YOU MIGHT NEED IS AUTHORIZED TO YOU BY CTA 50-970.TM 9-1240-403-12&P EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS THE LIST OF EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS IS WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO OPERATE AND MAINTAIN YOUR BINOCULARS... O. ARTIST'S (81348) H-B-118 U/M EA EA 17 . 1 2 MAINTLEVEL 0 0 NSN 5120-00-254-4612 8020-00-240-6361 DESCRIPTION BLOWER.ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE ITEM NO.... WATCHMAKER'S (19200) 8284021 BRUSH.

OPERATOR OR CREW ITEM NO.. 3 4 5 MAINT.. TYPE I (81348) NNN-P-40 U/M OZ YD BK 18 .COMPOUND... LEVEL 0 0 0 NSN 6850-00-392-9751 8305-00-267-3015 6640-00-663-0832 DESCRIPTION CLEANING..OPTICAL LENS (81349) MIL-C-43454 CLOTH.CHEESECLOTH (81348) CCC-440 PAPER.. LENS.TM9-1240-403-12&P EXPENDABLE/DURABLE SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS (CONT'D) O.

TM 9-1240-403-12&P ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZED ITEMS LIST 19 .

TM 9-1240-403-12&P 20 Change 2 .

S. 27522 P6814 P6832 P6902 P6855 054406 00 009 TM 9-1240-403-12&P Description CITY 1240-01-207-5787 1240-01-252-8075 1240-01-252-8073 1240-01-252-8072 1240-01-252-8074 5365-01-348-7037 6650-01-456-4527 Binocular. Green ARD lnstruction Sheet *U.REPAIR PARTS (cont’d) Item NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 SMR Code PAOOO PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PAOZZ PFOZZ PFOZZ XAOZZ XDOZZ IN-22G* NSN Part NO 12599242 12599195 12599193 12599344 12599194 Vendor Part No. M22 Eye cup Eyelens Cover Strap Carrying Objective Cover Bushing. Blank M22-G2 ARD KIT 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 CP-G* BG-LG* M22-G2 Cap & Leash Large Bag. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:1999-746-025/80192 Change 2 21/(22 blank) .

Operator and Unit Maintenance requirements for Binocular.S. United States Army The Adjutant General DISTRIBUTION: To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-41. DILWORTH Brigadier General. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1995 . L. VUONO General United States Army Chief of Staff Official: R. M19.By Order of the Secretary of the Army: CARL E.393-476/30358 . U.

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PIN: 064272-002 .

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