“Meet the DBI Pros” Summit October 12, 2007

WELCOME TO THE AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER „SUMMIT‟ PRESENTED BY THE

SAN FRANCISCO FIRE DEPARTMENT

“MEET THE DBI PROS”

THE SAN FRANCISCO FIRE DEPARTMENT PRESENTS

NFPA 13-Installation of Sprinkler

Systems:

Transition from 1999 to 2002 Editions

By: Gerald Zari and Jon Corbett

Reorganization of the NFPA 13 Standard:
• NFPA 13, 2002 Complies with the NFPA Manual of
Style: – First Chapter is “Administration” – Second Chapter is “Reference Publications” (previously Chapter 13) – Third Chapter is “Definitions” – Changes/additions indicated with a vertical bar

based on engineering judgment. fittings and Materials used – Retroactivity Clause: The AHJ can apply this standard to existing systems where there is an “unacceptable degree of risk” – Equivalency: Allows the AHJ to accept alternate approaches.The “Administration” Chapter provides general guidance for the following aspects of Sprinkler Systems: – Scope: Minimal design & installation of systems. piping. etc…within their listings . – Purpose: Reasonable degree of protection – Application: Water Supplies. sprinklers. fittings. that meets the intent of the standard – New Technology: Accepts the use of newly developed sprinkler.

Horizontal. applicable Standards – Directs user to other standards for design of sprinkler systems not addressed in NFPA 13 New Definitions: – Bathrooms in Dwelling units – Ceilings: Flat. consistent with NFPA 220 .Referenced Publications: – Updated to the most current. and Sloped – Materials: Non-Combustible and Limited Combustible.

special information about the water supply and Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) SFFD may require this form on the approved plans • • • .Chapter 4: Owners Certificate (4.3) • A new form with information provided by the • Owner or an Authorized Agent States intended use of building. materials within and storage heights Provides a preliminary building plan for design of the sprinkler system If applicable.

1. flex heads and residential sprinklers .1) – Installation must conform to all conditions required by the listing.Chapter 6 (1999 Chpt. this information is found in the product literature and installation instructions – Examples: WS sprinklers.3): System Components and Hardware • Specially listed products (6. extended coverage.1.

e.4): System requirements • Gauges are now required above and below check valves in a Riser.Chapter 7 (1999 Chpt. i. both sides • Freezing conditions: areas where Temperatures are below 40 degrees Fahrenheit .

3. all sprinklers in that room/compartment are required to be QR ordinary temperature-rated (135-170 0F) – The exception is a circumstance that requires a higher temperature sprinkler.3.5): Installation Requirements • Sprinkler thermal sensitivity (8. then use of Standard sprinklers is permitted – Does NOT apply to Residential Sprinklers . a heat source like a Fire Place Stove or skylight. e.3. where Quick Response (QR) sprinklers are installed.3.g.Chapter 8 (1999 Chpt.3) – Per 8.

2.7.4.Chapter 8.2): – Light Hazard: Allows installation of sidewall sprinklers in smooth.2): • In sloped ceilings: locate sprinkler in highest point of slope with deflector parallel to slope – Definitions: • Smooth Ceiling: a continuous ceiling free of significant irregularities • Horizontal Ceiling: 2:12 slope or less (10o) • Sloped Ceiling: Greater than a 2:12 slope (>10o) . continued: • Sidewall Spray Sprinklers (8. horizontal or sloped ceilings – Deflector Orientation (8.4.

Opening does not exceed 32 ft2 AND 2.5.7): – Omission of Sprinklers allowed in openings if: Chapter 8. continued: 1.• Skylights and Similar (Small) Ceiling Pockets (8. Edges of openings are horizontally separated by 10feet or more to other openings Max 32 ft2 8’-0 Example: 4’-0 10 feet or more 2’-0 Max 32 ft2 16’-0 .

Adjacent openings are horizontally located 10-feet or more away from any other pockets 5.6. Maximum of 36-inch deep 3. Entire floor area below has sprinkler coverage 4.Chapter 8. Quick Response sprinklers are used in the room . Volume (cubic feet) is 1000 ft3 or less 2. Construction is limited/non-combustible 6. Skylights allowed to be plastic if 32 ft2 or less 7. continued: • Ceiling Pockets (8.7) – Sprinklers required except where ALL of the conditions listed below are met: 1.

3) – Installed in the Horizontal position unless one of the following conditions is met: • Used in concrete with gravel/crushed stone for supporting up to 4-inch pipe • Alternated with hangers connected to structural members or sides of concrete beams for 5-inch or larger pipe • Spacing is 10-feet or less for 4-inch and larger pipe .Chapter 9 (1999 Chpt. and Restraint of System Piping • Fasteners in Concrete (9.1.6): Hangers. Bracing .

4. continued.Chapter 9. • Unsupported Ends of Branch Lines (BL) and Armovers with static/flow pressures exceeding 100 psi (9.3 and 9.2.5.3.2): – Steel Pipe requires a hanger and vertical restraint within 12-inches of the BL and armover end – Copper Tube requires a hanger and vertical restraint within 6-inches of the BL and armover end .2.3.

4 are not exceeded.3.Chapter 9. Continued. .3.5. – 4-way braces not required where riser penetrates intermediate floors of a multistory building where clearances required by 9.5) – 4-way braces required for risers more than 3feet in length. • Risers (9.

13R. AND 13D STANDARDS .A QUICK COMPARISON OF NFPA 13.

ft. ft.QUICK COMPARISON OF NFPA 13. X X X X N/A X X X X X . ft. SPRINKLERS IN ‘R’ OCCUPANCIES UP TO 4 STORIES SPRINKLERS IN ‘R-3’. ft. 13R. or less N/A HOTEL/MOTEL CLOSETS greater than 24 sq. or less CLOTHES/LINEN CLOSETS/PANTRIES (nonhotel/motel) Greater than 24 sq. CLOTHES/LINEN CLOSETS/PANTRIES (nonhotel/motel) 24 sq. ft. BATHROOMS:** BATHROOMS 55 sq. or less BATHROOMS greater than 55 sq. AND 13D STANDARDS REQUIREMENT NFPA 13 NFPA 13R NFPA 13D SPRINKLERS THRU-OUT ALL AREAS/ALL OCCUP.1 & 2 FAMILY DWELLINGS X X X X X X EXTRA STORY MORE AREA CLOSETS:* 2007 CBC TBL 503 2007 CBC TBL 503 X X NOT ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED HOTEL/MOTEL CLOSETS 24 sq. ft.

1500 sq. res. OCC. 2 HEADS & 1HEAD CALC. X X X X X X X X .1 gpm. ft. USE RES. (or listed flow >0.DESIGN: NFPA 13 NFPA 13R NFPA 13D RESIDENTIAL @ 0. Sprinkler) RES. USE QUICK RESP. ADD 100 GPM HOSE ALLOWANCE MUST USE LISTED RESIDENTIAL SPRINKLERS MINIMUM DENSITY 0. OCC. USE RES. OCC. SPRKLRS/ CALC. ft./ CALC. RES. NO HOSE ALLOWANCE REQUIRED (must include domestic use) RES. OCC.1GPM/sq. ft. 4 HEADS RES. OF 7 PSI X X X X X X X QR or RES. SPRKLRS/ CALC.05GPM/sq. (listed sprinkler flow) MINIMUM OPERATING PRSS.

**The walls and ceilings must be non or limited-combustible construction.MISCELLANEOUS AREAS: NFPA 13 NFPA 13R NFPA 13D GARAGES (requires 250gpmhosedemand) ATTICS/CRAWL SPACES/CONCEALED SPACES-NOT INTENDED FOR STORAGE OR LIVING PURPOSES X X Refer to NFPA 13 Refer to NFPA 13 *The least dimension not exceeding 3‟. .

.000 sq. It is the Fire Department's position that an FDC will be required except in the instances outlined above.P. The second exception applies to Group I Occupancies housed in existing single family dwellings under certain conditions (see 2001 C. 13. the FDC may be omitted in these systems. This was allowed by N. Large-capacity deluge systems exceeding the pumping capacity of the fire department. ft.4.B.2. 13 (8. section 904.C. Single-story buildings not exceeding 2. When approved by the Fire Department. Two additional exceptions for the requirement for FDC's are found in the 2001C.F. as it left the decision up to the Authority Having Jurisdiction.P. it was the Fire Department's position to allow the omission of a Fire Department Connection in buildings with fewer than 20 sprinkler heads per floor.C.A.16. in area.2) no longer allows the omission of an FDC except in the following circumstances: Exception 1.A. Exception 2.2.02 Fire Department Connection Omission • In the past.1.F. exception 4).B. • • • • • . However. the 2002 edition of N. Buildings located in remote areas that are inaccessible for fire department support. Section 904. Exception 3. The first pertains to combination domestic/fire services. . due to Standard changes.

4.C. royal blue. such markings shall be located on the wall directly behind the standpipe outlet. existing systems that were approved and installed without such interconnection may have their use continued if such standpipe system is provided with an approved color code. Section 905. This marking may be a 3 inch color disk or 3 inch square area and shall be the same color as the inlet which supplies such outlet. If the standpipe is enclosed by construction. All outlets supplied by this inlet shall be equipped with similar marking.04 Color Coding of Existing Standpipes • Reference: 2007C. canary yellow. .2 • It is the Bureau of Fire Prevention's policy that all standpipe systems with multiple risers be interconnected at their base. the pipe directly above the outlet handle shall be marked with a color band at least one inch wide which is the same color as installed at the inlet which supplies such outlet.4. fire engine red.B. • If the standpipe is exposed. However. Color code markers shall be of a permanent material at least one inch wide surrounding the flange of the standpipe inlet. • The Bureau of Fire Prevention will accept five colors which must be florescent: hospital white. and bright orange.

2. 2003 NFPA 14 Section 12. Hose connections for standpipes shall be • equipped with an approved plastic or metal plug which may be removed and reused.F.4. . The use of cast iron caps which are not threaded shall not be used.9 • THE SAN FRANCISCO FIRE DEPARTMENT'S REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROTECTION OF STANDPIPE INLET THREADS ARE: • 1.05 Protection of Standpipe Inlets • Reference: 2007C.C. Section 912.

1 nor more than 48 inches above the level of the adjoining ground (NFPA 14 sec. They shall be located not less than three feet nor more than five feet above the floor. 7. NFPA 14 sec.4.A. • The recommended height is 42 inches from the finished floor to the center line of the valve. 6.6).P. All measurements are to be taken from the finished surface to the handle or outlet interfere with the use of the outlet valve.3.) It shall be placed to provide a minimum clearance of six inches on all sides of the handle and 12 inches on all sides of the threaded outlet. National Standard hose threads.06 Design Criteria for Fire Department Connections and Standpipe Outlet Valves • Reference: 2003 N.3.F. • Connections and outlets shall be placed so that doors or walls do not • Fire Department connections and outlet valves shall have "3" inch . 14 • Fire Department connections shall be located not less than 18 inches • Each standpipe shall be equipped with approved outlet valves which discharge horizontally.

P. shall be allowed to be installed following the criteria listed below which will prevent mechanical damage: 1.A. including combination fire/domestic services. The San Francisco Water Department supplies domestic water meters for all fire services of two-inch and smaller. section 10.F. .B. all twoinch and smaller fire services.4.3. requires that the depth of cover for fire service main pipe be not less than 30 inches or one foot below the frost line for the locality.C.4. A minimum of three inches of earth shall be maintained between the pipe and concrete. These meters require that the pipe be installed less than the 30 inches required by N. 3. A minimum four inches of concrete shall cover the area above the pipe. 903 NFPA 24. The four inch concrete installation shall extend a minimum of 12 inches horizontally on both sides of the pipe. including combination services. 2002 edition. All installation of piping shall comply with San Francisco Plumbing Code section 609. Exception: Pipe and joints that have been coated and wrapped do not have to comply with requirement number 3. Sec.1 which requires a minimum depth of cover of 12 inches below finished grade. Due to the practical difficulty of compliance with this standard. 2. 24.08 Design Criteria for Installation of Underground Piping for Fire Sprinkler Service Reference: 2007 C. Where frost is not a factor. the 30 inch depth of cover is required to protect the pipe from mechanical damage.

4. buildings subject to the San Francisco High-rise Sprinkler Ordinance will be permitted to remove Class II Standpipe hose cabinets on individual floors after they have been fully sprinklered. requires written Fire Marshal approval in order to remove existing fire appliances.8 of the 2007 C. In order to speed the permit process.09 Removal of Class II Standpipe Hose Cabinets in Sprinkler-Retrofitted Buildings Section 901. . • Buildings not subject to the ordinance will continue to require written Fire Marshal approval in order to remove any fire appliance. These written requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis. The applicant shall state his or her intention to remove the hose cabinets on the approved sprinkler plans.F.C.

2(i) and (j) permit the local Fire Department to require notification prior to any service inspection and also to be sent a report of the results. Also. Sections 904.4.A.C. Title 19. a report of the results of any service inspection shall be forwarded to the San Francisco Fire Department at: San Francisco Fire Department Bureau of Fire Prevention 698 Second Street San Francisco. California Administrative Code . The San Francisco Fire Department shall be notified at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to any servicing of a system.10 Testing of Fixed Extinguishing Systems (Standpipes and PRV's) • Reference: C. Chapter 5 • Title 19. California 94107 • • • . includes regulations for Automatic Extinguishing Systems. Chapter 5 contains the criteria and time frames for maintenance and service inspections for all fixed automatic extinguishing systems.

outlet residual pressure flowing 500 g. All PRV type hose outlets shall be flow tested for certification. All test results will be reviewed by the San Francisco Fire Department.10 Testing of Fixed Extinguishing Systems (Standpipes and PRV's) . from the roof manifold of the hydraulically remote standpipe and 250 g. valve pressure setting. PRV hose valves shall be certified as per the design criteria at the time of their installation. for the first standpipe and 250 for each additional standpipe with the pump running at its rated capacity. Maximum static pressure must not exceed 150 psi.p.m.m. The following test results and information shall be submitted to the Fire Department for review: valve type or model. for each additional standpipe. .p.m." The primary function of a PRV type hose outlet is to reduce pressures under both flow and no-flow conditions. reduced static pressure.4(c)(3) and (d)(3)-Service Regulations for Class III and • • • • • Combined Standpipe Hose Outlets state that "Each Hose Valve Outlet shall be inspected in a manner that will indicate the valves are fully operable.continued • Pressure Reducing Valves-Certification Of • Section 904.p.m. The only way this pressure reducing feature can be tested and certified as operational is to flow test the valve.p.4. and 75-100 psi residual pressure when flowing 500 g. Hose valve design criteria for new installations require outlet pressures of 100 to 125 psi residual pressure flowing 250 g.

the Fire Department will review these installations on a case-by-casebasis. • For existing buildings. fire pump suction piping from the city main and fire water storage tank to the fire pump suction flange shall be designed and installed to avoid air pockets. As required by NFPA 20. For this reason. Section 5. • For new building installations. design of the fire pump suction piping must avoid air pockets.2.4 • Design of the fire pump suction pipe must be approved by the Fire Department.20 Design of Fire Pump Suction Piping and Fire Pump Location • Reference: NFPA 20-2003.4. the location of the fire pump will also be reviewed and approved by the Fire Department before the Site Permit is approved and issued. Providing an automatic release valve for the air pockets instead of avoiding air pockets is not acceptable. If it is impossible to do so. air pockets in the fire pump suction piping is not allowed. .

B.23 Combination Fire Services • Reference: 2007C. – The maximum delivery rates for combination fire service are: 1 inch service = 50 gpm 1 1/2-inch service = 100 gpm 2 inch service = 160 gpm . . For three or more dwelling units. The domestic water demand must be included in the sprinkler flow at the domestic water system point of connection to the combination fire service line.3. the Department of Building Inspection. NFPA 13• • • • 2002. Domestic water demand shall be at least 5 gpm per unit for two dwelling units or less.• 4.C. The following guidelines will be used to comply with this policy: SPRINKLER SYSTEM DESIGN CRITERIA Sprinkler systems supplied by the combination fire service must be hydraulically designed in accordance with NFPA 13D.C.2. Combination fire service will be permitted only when the combined sprinkler system and domestic water demand through the meter will not exceed the manufacturers' listed maximum. NFPA 13R-2002 A. . intermittent delivery rate.B.1. and the Fire Department.5. the domestic demand shall be as estimated using the Tables in NFPA 13R. Sections 903. 13R and/or 13 as required by the C.

The meter friction losses to be used in the hydraulic calculations are: Service size\flow 1 inch 1. Combination Fire Service Pipe – For all sizes. .5 inch 2 inch 25 gpm 50 gpm 75 gpm 100 gpm 150 gpm 160 gpm 5 psi 1 psi 1 psi 9 psi 3 psi 1 psi 7 psi 3 psi 12 psi 5 psi 8 psi 12 psi – B. the service line must be copper (Type K with brazed joints) from the meter to the sprinkler connection to minimize problems of tuberculation.

24 FDC Requirement for Low-Rise Buildings • Reference: NFPA 13 NFPA 14 • The San Francisco Fire Department may require more than one FDC in a low-rise building when: • 1) The building fronts on more than one public way. • 2) It has significant floor area where firefighter response to the seat of the fire may be delayed.• 4. • 3) The adjacent streets or public way characteristics may hinder firefighting operations. – FDC locations to be approved by Fire Department. – 4) Deemed necessary for any other reason by the Fire Department. .

All valves controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler system must be electrically supervised. supervisory.4 • 3.2. Sec. Sec. 903.Some 2007 CBC new requirements: • 1.1 . Sec. and trouble signals…… and automatically transmitted to an approved central station. Alarm.7 • 2.4. All buildings with a R-1 (hotels) and R-2 (apartments) fire area must be sprinklered throughout. remote supervising or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72. 903. 903.

Systems with 20 or more sprinklers must be supervised and monitored by a central station or equivalent.1 . All Group „A‟ occupancies shall be sprinklered throughout and all the floors between the „A‟ occupancy and the level of exit discharge. 903. Sec. Sec.4 • 5.2.• 4. 903.

by a Calif.6. and „F‟ are required to comply with ASCE 7 • Most buildings in San Francisco appear to fall into the D to F Occupancy Categories.2 and 13. Occupancy Category values determined by a California registered Engineer. 13.8.3 Seismic design requirements based on Occupancy Category Occupancy Category „C‟ is based on NFPA 13-2007 Occupancy Category „D‟.6. • Some exceptions are allowed based on specific criteria.6.SEISMIC BRACING REQUIREMENTSCBC 2007 and NFPA 13-2007 CBC Sec.1 • Design of sprinkler supports and attachments shall be in accordance with ASCE-7 (American Society of Civil Engineers). 11.8. • ASCE Sec. • ASCE Sec. Force and Displacement calcs. 1613.4 Seismic Ground Motion Values (SDS or SD1). Registered Engineer • The SFFD will issue an Administrative Bulletin concerning the specific submittal requirements for Fire Sprinkler Seismic Bracing .8.3 Hangers and Bracing designed in accordance with NFPA 13 Design strength. • Categories D to F: ASCE Section 13. „E‟.

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