Latest Result of HSE Worldcup

STANDING TABLE
Team Australia (F&A) Italy (FACILITY) Mexico (QSW) South Africa (OPE) USA (GK) Vietnam (TBVN) Spain (PRO) Germany (SSF) Korea Republic (ADM) Argentina (VTB+) England (CPP) Brazil (PROJECT) Play 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Win 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 0 Draw 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 Loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 GF 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 6 6 5 9 2 GA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 Red 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 Yellow 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 Points 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 6 4 0

No one gets hurt!

HSE World Cup

Safety
(Pool & Beach, First Aid)

Captain talk for Game No. 4

Drowning
Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death, averaging approximately 8,000 deaths per year in the U.S. Forty percent of these deaths occur in children younger than 5 years of age, with the majority being age 2. Half of all drownings occur between May and June, then in August. Backyard pools are especially hazardous to young children. Aboveground pools are less dangerous because the height of the pool itself is a barrier, as well as the fence at the top of the steps that comes with many of these pools. Children who can't swim should wear a U.S. Coast Guard-approved Type I personal floatation device (PFD) when playing in or near water. When the child has more control in the water, he or she can move into a type II PFD. "Water wings" or "floaties" are not a replacement for a PFD and will not keep a child who falls into the water afloat. Don't let the idea of floaties give you or your child a false sense of security. A Coast Guardapproved PFD is the only safe option for a child who can't swim. => The best way to protect your children is to always know where they are and to never assume that someone else is watching them.

Rules in the Home Pool
Learn to swim. Teach children to swim at the earliest age possible. Never leave a young child unattended near the pool. Don't take your eyes off the child, not even for a few seconds. When near the pool, have children who can't swim wear Coast Guard-approved PFDs. Don't allow running near the pool. Don't allow anyone to swim alone. Keep a phone by the pool for emergencies. Know how to do CPR. Install a fence around your pool at least four-feet high (local laws and ordinances may vary) with a self-closing and selflocking gate, with latches out of reach of a child. Keep lifesaving equipment near the pool. Don't allow inflatable toys or floats to replace parental supervision. Such devices often fail. Don't drink alcohol while swimming or supervising children.

Rules in Lakes, river and Ocean
Swim within visibility of a lifeguard. Supervise children at all times. Have children who can't swim wear Coast Guard-approved PFDs. Don't allow anyone to swim alone. Never dive without knowing the depth of the water and never dive into shallow water. Don't swim so far that you don't have the energy to swim back to shore. Don't drink alcohol while swimming or supervising children. Don't swim against the ocean's current. If caught in a current, swim across - not against - it. You will gradually swim out of it.

Sharks
Even though shark attacks are not common, they are a big source of fear for parents and kids alike. The International Shark Attack File reported 50 shark attacks in the United States in 2007. Most of those occurred along the Florida coast. The file is maintained by the University of Florida. Most shark attacks occur in near-shore waters. While the relative risk of getting attacked by a shark is very small, play it safe by using caution when you wade in:

Tips
Swim, dive or surf with others.
Sharks are more likely to attack someone who's alone.

Know which spots are dangerous.
Avoid swimming between sandbars, near steep drop-offs, near channels or at river mouths where sharks are found.

Steer clear of tainted water.
Avoid areas with known runoff or sewage. Also keep away from spots where people are fishing, especially if there are signs of bait or feeding activity, such as diving seabirds.

Don't believe old wives' tales.
Some people say that spotting porpoises means no sharks are around. This is just not true. Both animals often seek out the same kinds of food.

Tips
Be careful in murky water.
Also, don't wear shiny jewelry that might look like the scales of a fish, and avoid contrasting, bright-colored clothing.

Time your swim right.
Do not swim at dusk or at night, when sharks are most active.

Refrain from excessive splashing.
And do not swim with pets in the water. Their erratic movements mimic those of sharks' prey.

Stay on shore if you have an open wound.
Do not enter the water if you are bleeding. Women and girls may want to avoid swimming if they are menstruating. Sharks can smell blood from far away.

Keep calm if a shark is spotted.
Move quickly and purposefully to shore but don't splash or thrash in the water.

Taking the sting out of jellyfish contact
Unlike sharks, jellyfish don't go out of their way to attack humans. But if their tentacles brush against your skin, you can end up with a nasty sting. Most jellyfish stings aren't always harmful to people. Some, though, can trigger serious reactions and even death.

Tips
Know how to ID harmful types.
A given area may be home to many kinds of jellyfish. Not all of these may be dangerous. Check with local marine science centers or schools to learn how to identify species with harmful stings.

Understand how they move.
Jellyfish can propel themselves up and down, but can't control their side-to-side movement. They drift on waves and currents instead. Knowing this may help keep you out of harm's way if you spot one.

Don't touch beached jellyfish.
They may look like a lifeless blob on the sand, but stingers can still cause harm if handled. Tentacles on the beach can still cause a sting for weeks.

Know how to treat a sting.
First, rinse with salt water. Fresh water can make the sting worse. Do not rub the area. Pouring household vinegar over the area may help release the tiny barbs that cause the sting. Leave the vinegar on for about 30 minutes or until the pain is gone. In the Chesapeake Bay area, the most common jellyfish is the sea nettle, whose stingers are resistant to vinegar. In this case, use a combination of sea water and baking soda.

Tips
Remove any tentacles or stinging cells clinging to the skin.
Scrape off the area with a firm object like a credit card, or apply shaving cream and shave the area with a razor. Always wear gloves when you touch the affected area.

Know when to get help.
If you're stung by a jellyfish that is known to be harmful, get out of the water and seek emergency care right away. Stings to the mouth, eyes or large areas of skin from any jellyfish will also require care in the emergency room. Urgent medical attention is needed for any sting that causes serious pain or swelling. Call 911(115 in Vietnam) if someone stung has any trouble breathing, light-headedness, fainting or other signs of shock. Keep in mind that people who are very young, old or suffer from other medical conditions may be more likely to suffer a serious reaction.

First Aid for Common Emergencies
Most childhood injuries can be prevented with careful attention to a child's environment, parental supervision and knowledge of appropriate first aid. According to the American College of Emergency Physicians, every emergency can be handled by remembering four things: prevent, prepare, recognize, act. Quick action can save a life, since the initial minutes after an injury or medical crisis are frequently the most critical. Calling 911(115 in Vietnam) is one of the most important things you can do in case of an emergency.

How can I prepare for an emergency?
Keep a list of emergency numbers by the phone. The police, fire department, poison control center, hospital, ambulance service and your family doctor's office should be included. Keep a list of all the medications you and your family take and their dosages. In an emergency, you might not be able to speak for yourself, so carry it with you. The list could help prevent serious drug interactions. Make a list of allergies, particularly drug allergies or those with severe reactions. Keep a well-stocked first-aid kit at home, at work and in your car. A good first-aid kit helps you handle everything from blisters to severe cuts. Take a first-aid class. A basic class will teach cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and proper methods for treating burns, wrapping sprains, applying splints and performing the Heimlich maneuver.

Emergency numbers
101 Domestic Long Distance Telephone Service 105 Vietnam Paging Service (in English) 106 Paging Service Enquiries 107 Vietnam Paging Service (in Vietnamese) 1080 Social and Cultural Information Clearing up Queries Service 1081 Talking Yellow Pages 1088 Connecting Customers to Consultants in the fields of healthcare, nutrition, drug preventive measures, law, informatics, construction, tourism, estate trading, education and training, intellectual property, love-marriage-family matters 110 International Telephone Service

113 Police 114 Fire Brigade 115 Ambulance
116 Phone Number Enquiries 117 Time Inquiries 118 Ring Back Test 119 Advice on Telephone Repairs 133 / 131 Hanoi ABC Paging Service 141 Vinaphone Paging Service 142 International Telephone Service Rate 143 International Telephone Service Enquiries

How do I recognize an emergency?
Part of handling an emergency is being able to evaluate warning signs and make quick decisions. It's always best to err on the side of caution. In an emergency, always call 911(115 in Vietnam) for assistance. If you answer "yes" to any of these questions below, or if you are unsure, call an ambulance:
Is the child's condition life-threatening? Is the child having trouble breathing or is he or she too sleepy or unresponsive? Is the child confused or agitated? Could his condition worsen and become life threatening on the way to the hospital? Is there bleeding that won't stop? Does the child become dizzy with standing or pass out? Could moving the child require the skills or equipment of paramedics or emergency medical technicians? Would distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting the child to the hospital?

How do I treat cuts and scrapes?
For bruises:
Elevate and apply ice for 20 minutes. Don't massage the area.

For minor bleeding:
First wash your hands, then wash the wound thoroughly for at least three minutes with soap and water. Rinse the wound. If the wound is in an area that will get dirty, cover it with antibacterial ointment, gauze or an adhesive bandage for a few days, but change the gauze daily.

For heavy bleeding:
Put continuous, direct pressure with the palm of the hand on the wound to control bleeding. Use gauze or a towel. Wash the wound with soap and warm water.

Call an ambulance or go to the hospital if:
The wound is large, deep or bleeding heavily Blood spurts from the wound Your child can't move or feel the body part below the wound The bleeding is still heavy after pressure has been applied for 15 minutes

See your doctor or go to the emergency department if:
A one- to three-day-old wound shows signs of infection (redness, warmth, pain, swelling) Cuts are on the child's palm, neck, face, or genitals Dirt or debris is embedded in the wound The child develops a fever or swollen glands after getting hurt The cut is made by a knife, scissors, or ragged piece of metal

For puncture wounds:
Clean the wound thoroughly for at least five minutes. Dry gently and apply and adhesive bandage. Notify your physician for further treatment advice. Your doctor may want you to receive preventive treatment, such as a tetanus toxoid booster injection. If there might be glass or another foreign body in the wound, see your doctor.

How do I treat burns?
For chemical burns (caused by acids or chemicals):
Remove the clothing contaminated with the substance. Rinse the burned part of your child's body with clear water for 20 minutes. If the chemical gets into the eyes, rinse with water for at least 30 minutes and, at the same time, call the regional poison control center about the need to go to an emergency room. Do not rub the skin. Do not apply ointments or butter. Call your physician for treatment advice.

How do I treat burns?
For electrical burns (for example, from a power line):
A child with an electrical burn should go to the hospital right away. Electrical burns often cause serious injury inside the body, but may not show on the skin.

How do I treat burns?
For burns from heat - hot water, stoves, heated appliances such as irons:
Do not remove the child's clothing. Put the burned area of the body in cool tap water or under water from a hose if you are outdoors. Continue to cool the burn for at least 20 minutes. Do not apply ointments or butter. Call the doctor if:
There are three or more blisters on the skin, or if a blister is bigger than 1 inch. It was an electrical burn or if the burn is on the face, neck, hands, feet or genitals. An explosion caused the burn. There are areas of white or charred skin.

How do I treat animal or human bites?
Calm the child and control bleeding with pressure on the wound. Wash with warm water. Call the doctor immediately or go to the emergency room if:
The area around the bite is swollen and red. Your child was bitten by an animal at risk for carrying rabies (bat, fox, raccoon, skunk). Your child's skin is broken by an animal or human bite.

What do I do if my child is drowning or has nearly drowned?
Call 911(115) for emergency help if:
Your child is or was unconscious. Your child is or has been in shock. Your child has trouble breathing or coughs or wheezes continuously. Your child was submerged in water for more than a few seconds.

To rescue your child from the water:
Try to reach the child without getting into the water yourself. Look for the spot in the water where you saw your child last until you reach the child. Bring a rope, towel or another hard object for your child to hold onto while being brought in. Do not walk on thin ice if your child has fallen through: use your leg, hand or branch for the child to grasp.

What do I do if my child is drowning or has nearly drowned?
When your child is out of the water:
See if your child is breathing. If not, begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (rescue breathing). If no pulse, perform CPR. Remove wet clothing. Cover child with dry clothing or a blanket. Continue CPR if your child still is not breathing and has no pulse. If your child is unconscious but breathing, turn her on her side so she doesn't inhale more water, saliva or vomit if she throws up. If your child is unconscious but breathing, call for help. DO NOT leave the child. If no help is available, take the child to the hospital yourself while being careful to immobilize the child's head between pillows or rolled-up articles of clothing. Keep the child's body lying straight. DO NOT give up. Keep giving CPR until your child begins to cough and breathe alone.

What do I do if my child is choking? Call 911(115) for a rescue squad. If a child is choking, see if the child can dislodge the food or object by coughing Do not give fluids. It may worsen the problem.

What do I do if my child is choking?
If the airway is completely blocked and the child is not able to speak or breathe, do the following:
For a child younger than age 1:
Use back blows. Place the baby facedown in a 60-degree incline over your knees or on your forearm (gravity will help propel the object out). Give four hard blows with the heel of your hand between the shoulder blades in rapid succession. If the breathing hasn't resumed, lay the child on the floor and apply four rapid chest compressions over the lower breast bone (the sternum) using two fingers.

What do I do if my child is choking?
For a child older than age 1:
Give the Heimlich maneuver if your child can't breathe, cough or make a sound. Grasp your child from behind, just below the lower ribs, but above the navel, in a bear-hug fashion. Make a fist with one hand and fold your other hand over it. Give a sudden upward jerk at a 45-degree angle to try to squeeze all the air out of the chest and pop the lodged object out of the windpipe. Repeat this upward abdominal thrust six to 10 times in rapid succession. If the child is too heavy for you to suspend from your arms, lay him on his back on the floor. Put your hands on both sides of the abdomen, just below the ribs, and apply sudden, strong bursts of upward pressure.

Travel First Aid Kit
Small pair of scissors Tweezers or forceps Thermometer First aid manual Sterile dressings (in different sizes) Gauze bandages An elastic bandage (can have Velcro ends) Triangular bandage and safety pins Adhesive tape Cotton swabs Bandages (a variety of sizes) Antibacterial ointment Antifungal cream Antiseptic solution Lubricating eye drops Moleskin for blisters Hydrocortisone cream (1 percent) Alcohol based hand wash Antibiotic cream or ointment Water-purifying tablets Imodium (or other diarrhea medicine) Pain and fever reliever (ibuprofen and acetaminophen) for adults and/or children Antacid Antihistamine Disposable gloves Calamine lotion (or similar product for bug bites) Prescription medications Insect repellant Sunscreen (preferably SPF 30) Hydrogen peroxide

Family First Aid Kit
Small pair of scissors (for cutting bandages and tape) Adhesive tape Non-stick bandages NonAdhesive bandages in a variety of sizes Antiseptic solution (hydrogen peroxide works well) Antibacterial ointment Butterfly dressings Triangular bandage and safety pins (for making slings) Ice pack (chemical ice packs are for one-time oneuse only, so it is a good idea to also have a reusable ice pack) Heating pad Elastic or ACE bandage Tweezers for removing splinters and ticks Oral thermometer (rectal if you have small children) and lubricant for rectal temperature taking Acetaminophen such as Tylenol (Be sure to check the concentration since infant, child and adult preparations vary) Ibuprofen Measuring spoon, dropper or calibrated medicine cup to accurately dispense medication Antihistamine such as Benadryl (syrup or capsules) for allergic reactions Calamine lotion for poison ivy and bug bites One percent hydrocortisone cream for itching and rashes Disposable gloves

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Safety First!

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