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Pingla. It is fortunate have rich literature in this branch of yoga. when it flows as Sun. Tirupati No information (No. the science of breathing. 2254). Shika and Ha though the left it is known as Moon. Shakti and Tha.INTRODUCTION Svarayoga nostrils"!. psychotronics and science of Swarayoga is now in great demand. Ida. make no clear mention about the purpose of the existence psychology of two nostrils. It is a study of air is also translated as the current of work. at preserved Oriental Research Institute. The bioenergetics. and when the flow of breath is equal though both the nostrils. but it flows through the right nostril. that Telugu's SWARASASTRAMANJARI is a classical poem in dvipada manjari composed by GANAPARADHYA who belonged to the The Swarasastramanjari yet unpublished. a popular approach to health. palm-leaf Teiugu manscript of Ganaparadhya second quarter of is still fourteenth Century. Swarayoga is the ancient science of pranic rhythms which explains how the movement of prana can be controlled by manipulation of the breath. . 1 .. It is labeled Agni. The whole school of doctors have developed what is called As far as the etc.. Day. Yamuna. The scientific art of regulation the breath is wisely named as that is always at through the lifewave manifests though nostriL the breathed When it : Ha-tha. Recently modern science has taken great interest in electromagnetic fields and the behaviour of bioenergy which is the inherent energy principle of the body with exciting developments accelerating in such areas as Kirlian photography. regarding the existence of any author knows modern medical science like physiology pathology. other manuscript is forthcoming. it is known breathing. Sandhya. D. Night. Ganga. spirology i e. Sarasvati and Susumna.

Rajah- 3. authoritative. Navanatha Yoga. Harisastra b) c) . The result version of Swarasastramanjari in Telugu.Rudrayamala or Shivaswarodaya. Veeravenkayya & Sons. Swara Chintamani . K. 1. Rare indeed are works of this type. d) 2. Andhra Pradesh .Vishnumala. Goraksha Samhita.1968.Ed. 7) Kamakashiyoga (P-105. Perhaps this is the of earliest work seeing the light of the day and is the first I the Research institute.. Kanda)-Swami Kuvalayananda. .(xxvi) It is surprising that such an at important treaties on Swarayoga is still gathering dust The present study is based on a collection of single manuscript am trying to For almost 15 years of Swarasastramanjan". of 8) 8) Vikramasimhayoga. evinced and It is significant that he has not mentioned directly the famous works Chintamani"2 of Svetaketu in the South and like "Swara "Shiva Swararodaya"3 of North India. Sarnpurnand Sanskrit VishvavidyaJaya. by Swami Muktibodhananda Saraswati. only its kind in any other regional languages on Swarayoga. is This treatise like 1) : based on 8 rare and unheard Swarayoga works Harasastrayoga 2) 4) Adyatmayoga. Gorakshyoga. Munger. but it is a Sanskrit. Kavivafayadhama- Vasistha Samita (Yoga 1969. 3) 5) Vanitayoga of Vasista Martandayoga. Bihar School of Yoga. Swarayoga: Ed. 1 the keen interest factual by Ganaparadhya to make his work. mundry. a) Harasastra. is the present authorative collect this manuscript. by S N. Varanasi-1 977* Sastri. 1984 (Saraswati has wrongly Suoted Swara Chintamani as a Tamil Text -P- 1 03. P-1C6) Some still the rare authorities cited on works mentioned above on Swarayoga and varied schools of knowledge in this work This indicatas remain to be traced.

Nelaturi's views.D. D ) the last ruler of Kakatiyas of Oruganti. G. D. Nelaturi Venkataramanayya. 4) 5) T. saka Virodhi nama samvasara kartika bhahula vidhiya sukravaranV' 1 First preserved at oriental manuscript Madras and 1. Nagayya. 2) 3) Chaganti Seshayya. From the discussion made above the date great general Swarasastramanjari can be fixed between 1323.1323 A. Gannayamatya. a Telugu Brahman of Kaundinya gotra.D. the father of this yogi was a great minister of Prataparudra Maharaja.) who dethrowned Prataparudra Maharaja and ruled Andhra during the same period.) was a son of Gannayamatya and Devamambha. Susheela. In 1345 the the of Andhra Musunuri Kapayanayaka re-captured with the help of all local chiefs and dethrowned Kingdom the muslim rular.(xxvii) Aboof the Author : Ganaparadhya (1323 . D. (1295 . or less More scholars Scribers Date : A palm leaf copy of the original described by Majett This Ms was copied by Majeti Sarvesalingamu Sarvesalingam.1345 A.1345 A. Arudra. Annamambha was the sister of this Vgi / poet. Ramaraja the brother of this poet was also a minister and patronised by the Delhi ruler Mahammad Tugha- lamsha (1323-1345 A. and inferred from the fact that Ramaraja the brother of the of yogi was patronised by Tughalamsha during the same period. Telugu 1) literary critics fixed like. . majority of the remaining endorsed Dr. 6) No doubt Nelaturi Venkataramanayya had shed more on the date of composition of Swarasastramanjari and light collected this manuscript in a matt at Hampi (Karanataka) during 1934. the great historian of Andhra. 12-12-1829 A. Sista Ramakrishna Sastri.

East Godavari anc son of Salamkayya. pages 99 lines 6 on a page. because the in were written the sanskritic style adopted by the champu writers could not easily be understood by the common masses. According to Nidadavolu Venkatarao the scriber Majet Sarvesalingamu was a native of Neelapalli. He was also scriber of many palmleaf scripts written and supplied to C.2 .2 cm. 2399. In Arudra's "SAMAGRAANDHRA SAHITYAM" (5 Vol p . mode of unity on Fol. a Swarasastramanjari is complete. called 'JANU . . It begir The other work Saptaprakarna starts from Fol. Brown {1798 .x 3. "Samsarajitulaku sahajayogamuna swarasastrayogambu sarigagadalachi" who were (p_ 1 05) He prescribed swarayoga as Sahajayoga all those people entangled and got defeated in their family life.(xxviii) subsequently transferred to Tirupati was referred by nne. works being generally Intended. P. The paim leaf Ms. old. There are very few biographical details about the author's A statement in the work as follows : "Sasmasaramadhyatat Sadhakottumudu ganapanaradhyumdu kamaneeyamurthi" (P-1Q5) Even though he was busy in the household activities he practised and advocated Swara yoga. (No.TELUGU" and dvipada metre. most of the yogic authors like kolani influenced Ganapatideva of Sivayogasaram and Vemana were also in one form or other (pp -* 19 to 30). D. character Telugu condition fair. for appeal simple indigeneous form of The yogi might have undertaken to write in what is 'Dvipada'. As opined by him. appearence fair but is not free from mistakee.133) mention is made of the influence and importance of this work. measured 17. 51.) civil servant of British India.l a.1884 A. persona) history. Important and influence of this work: Though most of the important works of the period have taken the still Champu form.

It : NADI PARIKSHAi In . Some scholars "NARA" as "RAKTA" VACHAKA and "NARIN" as "HRIDAYA specialized is a sort JNANA "ATMA" VISESHA. Dr. by the faculty of SAMYAMANA" can have detailed knowledge of i.(xxix) This Telugu work explains how good or bad events can be foretold according to the position of the Sun and the Moon. ?988 . I. SAMYAMl. and such SEERS perceived attained great They were called MAHAJNANI respect. Nadi Pariksha . one "KAYAVYUHA JNANAM" of structural and functional aspects body.a diagnostic approach in disease. Patanjali says that positioned of the entire in NABHI. NADI" is a "PRATI SPANDANA" Conducting of the organ "HRIDAYAM". medium Therefore this ' provides the substance to the argument that. particularly swarayoga techniques The whole work is written in a simple. Nadi Pariksha it is basically a Yogic Vedic language of is called 'DHARA JNANAM". through which knowledge. easy to underlanguage and at the same time keeping in view the dignity of the theme. There was a general tradition among the ministers of Telugu Kingdoms to practice yoga. The Radionic Association of India. It is hoped that this work of Ganaparadhya of the 14th Century will prove a welcome addition to this field of yoga in particular and Telugu in general. . throws light on physiological and pathological states encountered in man. Souvenir. RAVANA an ACHARYA of the all above the lineage states" Pulse like a lamp. be can VACHAKA". LINGA PURANA mentions about the lineage ACHARYAS belonging to the southern India viz. in the war field activities. DHEERA PURUSHA. Sanjeevarao.51. (P-111) stand Diagnostic approach to Disease in Yoga A.p . Here "GANDHA" means sensory derive the word from the root impulses. practice. SILADA NANDIKESWARA-RAVANA ACHARYAS.e. The word NADI is derived by the root "NALA GANDHA".

the is Prana is not functioning during the right Swara. then between Ida and Pingala. especially if urination This is an indication of worry anxiety and trouble. (Slokas we come across It advices to check the sequence between bowel movements and urination. and KAPHA and (PRAKRUTI). objective . force. Unlike the for its rate. the uses the pulse reading to type the patient into appropriate Yogi "DOSHIC PROFILES".Cha the following queries.P . in Swarayoga 5 to 29) : Swara Chintamani .(xxx) Having positioned Yogi properly before the patient. Yogic texts^ describe the the intermediate constitutional states disease in terms of ''DHATUVAISAMYA" or "TRIDOSHA THEORY" B. This is a sign of success in any plan. he takes appropriate forearm of the pstient (in case of males the right forearm and in case of females the left forearm) and holds Then steadying the forearm at elbow he message the INDRA BASTI VARMA in forearm and presses down in a soothening manner along the forearm upto the wrist. and tension to know the blood circulation and heart's function. He thought of the disease as disequilibrufm of normal body constituents (of the three doshas) and restoration of the equilibrium as the of curiosity. such as VATA. of Ayurveda. Urination at the time of the left Swara (Ida) is a healthy sign. The questions are very interesting and show the scientific Svetaketuyogi tried to answer these questions in the light of the prevalent concepts. PITTA. calibre. then proceeds to mildly from the teacher. volume. (Refer . But if the urine comes at intervals. optimally.173). But if all three come together at once definitely the system is disturbed and there is some pranic imbalance or (mutra) should come. First urine excreta (Mala) then gas (vayu). The practical technique may be learned it in his left hand. pulse wave. Clinical and Biochemical In approach 11. modern physician who concentrate on pulse rhytham.

) f energy healing by M. comings 1 Yours in Yoga. Varanasi. V Reddy. India. Secunderabad. if | duty do not thank Mr. 1/150. on 3 scientist from ponsibi lity for the short - Swarayoga. B.(xxxi) it was purely intuitive. VENKATA REODY ) Editor a-Director. sorne more following works have to be add irayoga Sastra (p-184). ~7 and wrongly quoted as Yogananda as on . David U. P. he dealt && ?t a molecular level. Research Institute. A P. ^lahesh. A. Assi. Udayakumara s unfailing help and assistance while from the |n rny original manuscript. ( M. Venftana Yoga.Ashram Yogic i (1977) Hindi. LE SVAR YOGA exercise Relations Cultureiles. This found either in Swarasastra at kind of IVtanjan sure to acknowledge Mr. Maharaj natural Datiya (M. in the Ramdev Sharma-Bombay ra. Kriya centre. S.

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S&fJ 83... 40... 42. S. Significance of Nostrils in By Dr.. 151 ) gO .. . 37... x7d5j^6 sotf^5&o s*otfc&'o o^sa&D . jgg 168 159 Scientific Studies on 1.. 143 *.xxxlv 81. 38. Karembelkar . P.. . S- L Vinekar Breathing . 41.. L. Vinekar ...... 32.... 3. 35.. Bhole and Dr. Electrona^ography Studies . By Dr..^ _^ __ ..... V.. 89.. Swara Yoga : Yoga Danda effect By Swamy Kuvalayananda and Dr.. .. 0- 153 154.. ^gsfc gr^eoco _ ^^ 189 139 139 14 g 143 143 14 4 14 7 t^cpo asStfa _ .. . 6.. stereo rftf^'tfaSB .. M 163 V. 16O 162 2..

11. 166 Yoga Update-Breathing for the Brain .. - Khalsa . Werniz 7- et al Alternating Lateralization of Plasma asa ^ patency in Humnns catecholamines and ^ . 184 .. A. D. M. Moorthy.. Bibliography on Swarayoga dsSN 184 ^N>O o1 S$a3* -.A.. Dr. contemporary view of life force Biology: The Merging of Kundalini Yoga and the neuro sciences A 173 By Dr.. V.. 14... Ganguly Alternating cerebral hemispheric activity and the Lateral ization of autonomic nervous function . Vijayendra Pratap By Swara Yoga5.. 168 171 Breathe for the better health 12. Wernt et al 10. 16 1 S.. Brain Kennedy.. .. M. Bhole 6.163 & 164 Relationship between nostril dominance and grip strength By Dr. and Dr. et al Nasal Airflow Asymmetries and Human 9.. ... 165 By Dr.. 166 Selective hemispheric stimulation by unilaterel forced nostril breathing Dr. David Shannahoff 13. 8.XXXV 4. Diurnal Pattern of Nostril Breathing and A Pilot Study Dr. 164 By Deboroh A... performance By Raymond Klein .... K..

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(hemispheres) _ r (Super! Longitudinal fissure) e*3 n-an^cp s3c)o& s*a*QOT ^^cS hemisphered) . sun and moon. cxxsi 2.H. Psychology Today. Nenrologist sad hemisphere. 1973- Some neurologists have descriped the right hemisphere as sad and the left as happy. The Nature of Human conjciousness r A 3. Kinsbourne M. Ornstain R. book of reading. describe two have been known to yogis for countless . W. happy hemisphere. The Mind's functions which Two Functions The ancient symbols. May 1981. Freeman Co r San Francisco.

the two aspects body's energy and physical activity. USA Ballantine. refer to the titles Swara Yoga and Kundalini Yoga in my book "Yogas Tantra and Meditation in Everyday Life". 1980. 5. One day science will be able to measure the balance between these two functions. Tune 2. modern psychology and science in general tend to exaggerate the importance of the Up till now. brain at heart. UK-Rider). in deference to the main subject. Sex differences seen brain arymmetries/ Brainminy Bulletin. but also partially the energy in the nenous system and the brain. (For further reading. Bindu No. Scandinavan Yoga and Meditation School S-340 13 Hamneda Sweden. Yoga Tantra Meditation. psychology has localized the same two functions described by yoga to the two brain hemispheres. The other current stands for the mental aspect of our being-the mind. Janakanada. 5 . 1. Concerning our conscious totality. 1981-30. especially tho Here we'll limit ourselves to two short definitions. Yoga describes how two It concerns currents wind up through the spine to the brainOne current represents the of our being. the cost of the rest of the system.S5jj generations and is on the verge of being understood by modern psychology in our time.

can be seen in the etructure of the brain and pranic body. ^ ^ &'iJ *~> o ^c^ " i^^or^ti).. the twin forces existing within each in each individual. The tantrlc . in terms of Ida and 6. U3d ojo O<SL> " " T} I ibDo6^F3 ^o^ 640 641 concept of Shiva.Shakti.I sS "a>-CD^ rJ . f:c^3 Q I ^ob:i - ex.

(111-17) e* - XXVII. Mungeer. 6. Pingala. It two minds. . one certainly substantiates the idea of a person having positive and the other negitive and even the is theory that there a male and female side in every one. 5. Bihar. SWARA YOGA. <&. 1984. ^ r ' - 1920.*& S [Sa-^. Swami Mukthibodhananda saraswati P-55 Bihar school of Yoga.

we meditate in a place where there is very little actiis why of trees in the breeze and vity just the simple natural motion In our ashramas we of some birds.A Pilot study. }& 169 o. No. PP-77-80 January 1982 Nostriol purpose of yoga prevent either hemispher That dominating the other.O. V. All this is to help calm the mind- Hatha Yoga.l. Murthy.M.L Madras. According to Indian concept of Ardhaniarishwar.K. This concept could be substantiated the observation in relation to the yoga group9.M. ^a-r^ . to create the sattvic state. - pradiraka commentary by Swami Vishnu Devananda P-3) . while the left half is supposed to represent the female. the right half is supposed to exhibit the male. the vigorous and the intellectual aspect of the being. Between 1 Gonguly M.tf&tfi^jiptftf %. 1301 7 9^ A. the submissivel and the emotional aspect of the being.*00 The students of Yoga are expected to develop balanced personality. 1 SoA^ D. SNIPES Journal Vol-V. the calls The occasionally Plant flowers. S. Bhole Relationship dominance and grip strength .

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VS.".^' 3. A XL?' :5o^( ^-^ W . f cj> ..' '.- iaP X^CLJ _ v' fij *.-wo s-* ^"o" cr^fi" LIJ-OLLV LjS'uV/ -5 *. . i .j . .jU)iJu^. ^cJ. "> "u sj-t "Oij % / T o._.55 djcso t^oo B 2j 2>f SJTP . rrfi..1 i.2i ^ ^^.

^8 . tf J'SS -.6 (224) V / io^Sfceo i. rNYu?<j (jb ^ 1650-1750) fi.C -23^3.

rclcco ::*&&*> iorv SUGGESTED READING MATERIAL 1. int. (1953) Exper. S. P. DaUl A.clini 3. (1963) yoga and Med. autohypnotism- Brit J. : 2. and Barber T. Hypn. J. (1969) Yoga "Yogic featsand hypnosis in the hight of empisical research. 31-37. J.57 w. 11 : Yoga and Hypnosis. 11 155-166. . American Journal of clinical Hypnosis. 17: 38-40. Das. Rao.

. su^sSifo ^s e3o-/o (Tantric Science of Brain Breathing * ) ^^ v> ^&..^ [jr-^dc : 3 . dfct/. Zsr- l^wD^ ? kS' CCCTM firvcbwi s.

.-fyOSel wC'n: 69 .-^ ..57 i? ^.

Pit (^3S5^5? S 7*to --^o 3tk S^a&A. .

' ~^ v* x ^.jj ^.A x / o^ ^ v* x.' &r: .: v-o :o s? o y \ i s?[ * X o o ~5 a: 25 09 - 21 \T:. 16 L3 - 140) .81 u?:o. . CiOO */ "5 (0 o r.

J sj'^S rS5sS<3fc&Dn CO rO-i Q n o'\:* oJ rfor^Cfsi^o ^c^: ft a" Vl> V .

6'D ^Pdf * (2S9-11) .dtfio! s V* . sSg n '^.

2i?&oQ '/Jf^ rSo^S a So rSd'^a* ^&=cco./ 4 5 8 3^0 rJ vro ^a 73 ^ tf&-.otf.> .f . ^ tfq ^0^6^ 71 &oS 120 itf^b 1 O ^ ^rt ^'2^?^ A-^-B^ Q ono <"N .

The Cakras " Fig. I The Cakraa .

. ) .fJ ^ C -T\ '-c? io <LOE? ^ c^ >-._ ^' / :^' j'-s.i : . The correspondence between them is tabled below for the Practice traditions are Yoga readers reference .^'=i (PARATHYROID) . organs and meridians has been scientifically studied with the AM! and other instruments..Vci (PITUITARY) c5r. Further more. co ! Ijo fc^rb 6^^ ^:T*OJ S O tjs ^ .(GONAD) w. Dr.. this close correlation between the chakras. Motoyama's long term study of occupuncture and has led him to the conclusion that these two based on mainly the same energy system and are closely related. (ADRENAL) ^^.:.% Oj S-^n.T ic CO.:-.

Diagnoses and Treatment principles with the AMI Hiroshi Motoyama.MERI DIANS AND KI Measurements.D AMI S Y S T -E M . Ph.

Large Intestine Intestine.Dec1986. P-36 2 diagnoses and Meridians and Kl. measurements. Small Intestine' System Governor Conception Vessel vessel & 1 Psychophysicological changes due to the performance of the Phowa Ritual. 16. Bladder' Stomach. Heart Constrictor & Vishuddhi Respiratory System Small Intestine Lung tcr & Heart Constric- Ajna &Sahasrara Central Nervous Urinary Bladder.-o tff JHAKRAS /rafadfw. Triple Heater Gall Liver Liver. Hiroshi Mctoyama. . Research for Religion and Para Psychology No-17. Treatment Principles with the AMI. Spleen. & Small Anahata Circulatory System Heart. By Hiroshi Motoyama. Research for Religion and Para Psychology No. ORGANS/TISSUES and Urogentaial system MERIDIANS Kidney. Dec.1987. Urinary Bladder Svadhishthana & Manipura Digestive System Small Intestine..

1 Yoga chudamani upanishad explains the Sahasrara Chakra as follows: "At the top of the head (the Brahman gate).0 ^ feS.. or at Mahabatin. there are one thousand Petals'. soaSb ssc. .

HI Cerebnua in betweea the two hemispheres. 51 cut vertically*. .: The left hemisphere.Fiftyoae parts of the cerebram Kg. H Cerebrum seen from left. medical. No.aspect.

..35 ^s3 S) f ^^o n . ox. ^b" t3ool'o"c: ^^bi-Sj oproco ' Crej3 ^^:. ri>ic ^:o" d/^'ccp..:">.o U ^S\: ^ei>c. OTJ iJ ioci^ 4 *?s-3& (Perinium) ^ i^/ ^ % ^joco d^^ox.:o::l: 111 6'jTrp^co.. wcScuol Sdipco. c3p^( b&-o?6 - IX. L^ J' \. C ss I &o3oL^&o ^solo (ileum) i?3 fio^ r. C^ 1 S5je.(vcweis) ' . -s LJ^OD c3j( v bo ^r3^ s^rSrj^Looo tji'C ^ o.v 1-'^ out' C. ^o^i"3C v qv^j^Cdio uojj 2 ii' ^5:^ s :oO:i..s 12 3 ^So^ico^sr sfcgp^rC -'- -:V. ejr.. ju r So &ojcScprtCLj ci9^dj05pco 6 rj~ n ol' 8. T t. :tj^ 16 CO^OD.. eo:ife' o^ o ^" j. 1966 . J/3 rooap. 1'l^C s?ici\rl-. &Z. ^oui^o ^^'^ 3*^3 6 c^wo :: o( u^xp^jOJ: ^ (Jejunum) Lj??T 5 ODr73N cst.D ( i'7Co.. **' fi eo^o^:.% <4 . 10. ^Cf (1) t).3^ (larynx) c" : :.j T 1 tj i* u-ij j o r3 ^. 305 sre^s eao&i ^^rc.7 1(3.

Yoga Mlmlmst Fig. i.6'.^'.S fj:5..^c (cerebrum) c ::. :: - in- sri.. IV Cerebrum over the left eye.. 5 f (Carpus calbsum) 3 3 ^. .f.

^. 5. SI. cs. Sj*. 3D.r5 4 tf. eJ. &. ^5s . . <^. Ci". . 10 A\ &. ^. f. sS. . L.IB e^\. i>oaSp^o o &'. L^. a. S). o $ 8 ^ ). -2). 8XXP 5. ^ 18 2 BO. ^8. eft. &. v 5^cjb eor? (HOLLOW) o 2. &. "/. ^. sr 12 SXO. C5 ^ ^ o ISTO& sS* ^ . tf. as. S'. . <sJ. dip do.

7* fcn an Ail 1730-1817] oro "*! ol .

r /5 !! CCP ^L^ d isSSk. . The Theosophical Publishing House Madras. 1981.o c Theries of chakras Hiroshi Bridge to higher conciousness by Motoyama.

do not secrete enough adrenalin. which are located Manipura Chakra.268 . Other also related conditions to issues in third chakra include anorexia to disturbances in nervosa and bulimia.269) . is used to treat asthma.S-AHonsdale. which the client concentrates on the chakra that is related to the disturbed functioning. energize that center particular center helps to it (PsychotherapyEast and West by Swami Ajaya Pujx The Hirnafayan International Institute of Yoga Science and philcsphy of the U. diarrhea. In some cases cortisone. related the are Yoga cises in therapist may ask the client to do mental exer. Concentration on a and bring the disturbance to the foreground of one's conciousness. A disturbance in a bodily function can be understood a physical manifestation cf a disturbancs in the psychological functioning related to a specific chakra. bowel problems can occur as is a result of the fear and othe~ and anxiety experienced in the fi f st chakra m-de of conciousness. where can be more readily res. Asthma another condition that results from a disturbances! manipura. the adrenal glands. For example. The asthmatic lacks the charge Of energy that the in the region of the adrenal glands provide. pp . For an asthmatic. Pennsylvania 1983.lved. colitis. another harmone from the adrenal glands. which the fifth chakra.&'tfr38$5* 3 c5SjTo o PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS The System of chgkras particular mental-emotional " helps one to understand how states are directly related to and experienced in specific parts of the body.

fe'OT^ (Mind) ^'o (Intuition) .

78 feo^&o^. yoff 1 S^^ .

Janet Fine Somaiya Pub Bombay 1982. A. PSYCHIC DISCOVERIES BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN. Ragush. (3) 1974 AURA. . BY Sheila ostrander a lynn Schroeder ABACCUS (2) 1973. U. S.72 72 Aura ^c^ O* CD IgP^o" dp" (3) gej- a^oc-S): (1) Sc^'o e5a- (2) ^ T&3 (1) PSI. Aura Pub: - Barkley Publishing cerporation. (ed) The human. N. How to read and understand it by Howard Adelman. M.


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Scientific Studies


VI f

on Swara
DR. S.L Vinekar












Yogirts are not

with such mere alternate
nostrils should be

made to work evenfy, i.e., there shoufd be bfockade of no nostril, when one starts these Pfanayamrc exercise, It rs onFy then, they say, that one can get the best results cfaimed for them by Yoga. To open up the nostrils, they take the hetp of a contrivance called 'Yoga-Danda' ('Kubadi' in Northern fndfan Fanguages). This is a she ft crutch! Jke stfck, about two and a haff feet high, which is used to press upon the a& a fame man would arm-pits/ just use a crutch. The aim-pit opposite to the bfocked nostril is
subjected to this pressure. One just sits with the 'crutch' in the arm-pit supporting oneseff to some extent on the same. And this does work, i.e.. does open up tae opposite blocked nostril within a few seconds.

that the



The whole problem


being taken


for investigation in

Kaivalyadhama laboratories. It is too early to say anything That there is a usual blockade of one lite in the matter.

and that




does open with

>ure exerted on the opposite arm-pit has been confirmed imber of times in the laboratories. (Fig. 7). To modern

even the alternate blockade of one of the nostrils mething new. And, there is, at least for the present no

omico-physicl-gica! explanatio fcr the phenomenon, but >eleave, it must have something to do wjth sympathetic






evidence to

that this 'alternate

nt in bringing about a

breathing, may help to some 'balance' in the system, and hence
to refer to this form of traditional


made ourselves bold

breathing method,
Fig, 7

kymograhic recor to show how a partial congestion in nostril can be relieved in a matter of a few seconds by ting pressure on the opposite arm-pit. In the above rec_rd,


pens have been arranged to give equal calibration. Left This is contirmed by changing Til shows partial blocking. Then the pens, both for ordinay and forceed breathing. left arm-pit i.e., on the same a-Danda is placed under the There is practically no effect on the left nostril but the osite open one is showing a tendenery to get blocked The Yoga-Danda is then shifted to the opposite itly. -pit The result is almost immediate as can be seen in this The left nostril has opened in about 25 seconds and rd.

162 by the breath from the two nostrils is Even when the Yoga-Danda is removed, the pressure of breath remains equal for a long time, but again the right nostril is showing partial congestion this time. YogaDanda kept in the arm-pit on the same side has again failed
almost equal.

the pressure


produce required


Swami Kuvalananda and S.L Vinekar


A New



Neurological Research


ElectronasographY Studies:


the nasal

was found that the electrical potential recorded from mucous membrane, got influenced by the breathing
and the psycological

state of the subject This new as 'Electronasography, There is a hypothesis branch was named that the endings of the nervi terminalae are scattered in the


mucous membrene and these nerves have


tions going to the various centres controlling autonomic reactiThe controlled stimulation given by the respiratory vity.

processes of Yogo probably produce activation of some of these centres which may give rise to various psychophysiological

Nasal potentials were recorded under a variety of conditions such as Ujjayi Pranayama with and without Kumbhaka, rapid breathing, and deep breathing.


was f ^und

that in case of meditation

and Trataka where

the respiration slows down, automaticallg the electrical pstenExistence of differences in the potentials tials were reduced. on right and left nostrils was also revealed in this study which

were independent of breathing




S. L.

Electronasography' Neunlogy, India ,15,:

75-79, 1966.

make on clear physiology. Karambelkar lp% -. of two nostrils.5%). swara yoga that usually This observation supports the claim of nostiils is not equal. V.163 Significance of Nostrils in Breathing DR. V. Some volunteers could change the dominance of one breathing nostril merely by their will without any meohanical help. modern medi- etc. Vijayendra Pratap KAIVALYADAMA LONAVLA 41 0403 POONA .-. mention about the purpose of the existence unequal breathing was noted Out of 204 observations. DR. pathology. M. Bhole and DR. - Diurnal Pattern of Nostril Breathing An Exploratory Study. wnen the subject were at rest in 174 observations (85.. It Is seen the through both the sciences like that is breathing the nostri! opposite to the side on which the Yoga-Danda the same side starts working applied opens or the nostril on less than before. P. *M SUMMARY:cal As far as the authors know.

A.164 SUMMARY dominance nostril breathing some times through right and some times through left and some times equally through both the nostrils does occur. Bickford. Research in this field mechanism unclear. left differ It both equal or doubtful. Werntz. Relationship between nostril - S.S. 39 yoga practioners the grip strength was more on as that of the nostril. Deborah.K. grip Strength dominance and A Pilot Study :Static grip strength of both the hands more the right nostril was open for breathing in 30 physical educationists while 34 asthma patients showed just the reverse SUMMARY In when trend.E. but the Five elements are also responsible for the field of influence of the breath. A.. Bhole M.V. andD. Vol. 2: 39-43. F. EmDtional conditions can induce changes in nostril breathing which are is still known to all of us. including the n3n olfactory path ways) plays an impcrtant part in the control of breath. 77-80. nostrils were Svara Yoga : A Pilot Study was SUMMARY:women. R.G. Relative changes of electrocortical activity have a direct correlation with changes in the relative .BIaonft. dominance in Results show that out of 21 of nostril breathing men and 19 either right. cerebral hemis- SUMMARY: pheric activity Alternating dominance of in was demonstrated human by use of the electroencephalogram (EEC).e. the same side SNIPES Journal 1922 tion of Alternating cerebral hemispheric activity and the lateralizaautonomic nervous function.. must also establish the bilateral and ing on the hemispheres. Ganguly. This shows that these subjects did dominance of nostril breathing or nasal air flow. 1983. Variation in :- The of the preponderence of breathing though right or left observed in 89 patients and 10 normal subjects. Human neurobiology. 5:1. insilateral effect of breath- Moorthy.M. Shannahoff Khalasa. may be suggested here that the olfactory system as a whole (i.

165 nostril dominance. Box. David S. 38. Vol. PPr: 1203-1214. Ziegler. nasal Alternating Lateralizatlon of plasma catecholamines and patency in Humans. The nasal cycle isa phenomenon where efficiency of breathing alternates predo- minantly through right or left nostril with a periodicity ranging from 25 to greater than 200 minutes. S. Del Mar CALJFORMA-92014. 0- President of the Khalsa foundation for medical science[. Shannahoff Khalasa.S. D.MachaefG. Brain Kennedy. life science. Relatively greater inte- one hemisphere correlates with predominant grated EEG value in airflow in the contralateral nostril defining a new interrelationand peripheral autonomic ship between cerebral dominance nervous function. U. Shannahoff-Khalsa P. A. 2708. SUMMARY: nating The of hose receives that is parasympathetic innervation dominance sympathetic both sympathetic and manifested by the alteractivity on one side with . the so-called nasal cycle.

epinephrine' and dopamine in blood sampled simultaneously from both arms every 7. is correlated in an inversely coupled fashion to the alternating dominance of activity in the two cerebral hemispheres. catecholemine levels of blood drawn from anticubital veins that may also correlate with the nasal cycle. C. Bickfcrd and D. This alterof nating lateralization neurotransmitters out of 7 experiments using resting ratio of norepinephrine in the was abserved in 7 human male subjects. known hours nasal in other. Biological phychology 23 (1986) 127-137. Shannahoff-KhalsHBman Neurobiology (1987) 6 . Rajmond Keein. Nasal Airflow Alymmetries and Human performance. occurring naturally as a result of the nasal cycle or artificallyas a result of forced uni-nojnril breathing have consequences for human performance on jfbal and spatial tasks that are preferentially performed by thcajft and right hemispheres respectively. SUMMARY :Recent studies of the nasal cycle and forced uni-nostril breathing have demonstrated that integrated EEC amplitudesare greater over the hemisphere contralateral to the dominant (less congested) or unblocked nostrl. David pifon and Susan Prasser. Wernt 3. A significant relationshJH/vas obtained breathine nasal airflow with between the and relative pattern of spatial vs effect verbai performance uni-nostril breathin had no on perfermence.166 concurrent parasympathetic of ultradian rhythm dominance on the autonomic function. breathing. This as the nasal cycle. Two experiments were designed to determine if asymmetries in nasal airflow. This study that the autonomic nervous system may alternate through paired structures. Radioenzymatic measurement of norepinhrina. Selective nostril stimulgtion by R- unilaternal forced B. The two arms also parallels the suggests in activity pattern of airflow in the nasal cycle.5 minutes levels for periods of of 3-6 hours demonstrated alternating high catecholemine in one of the two arms. averages 2-3 have shown that the cycle Previous experiments length. suggesting a common mechanism Here we show that there is an alternation in of regulation.

tril breathing in one in These suggest the possibility of a non-invasive approach in the treatment of states of psychopathology where lateralized cerebral dysfunction have been shown to occur. since its lateralization is tightly coupled with of SUMMARY:.We EEG integration correlates with shifts nostrils.167 have previously demonstrated by the amplitudes. that an ultranian rhythm of alternating cerebral dominance -exists in humans. This dynamic lateralization of alternating activity in the autonomic nervous system exists in other peripheral structures and also in erv to be the made or regulaThis paper shows that forced notion of the corticol rhythm. tne sympathetic matic nervous nostril produces a relativen incerease in the contralateral hemisphere. in airflow through the left and right integrated amphtudes in one hemisphere correspond to predominant Airflow in the contraThe nasal cycle is known to be regulated by lateral nostril. This phethe EEG amplitude nomena was demonstrated in 5 out of 5 untrained subjects. results . relatively greater where and parasympatheiic branches of the autosystem. This rhythm the nasal cycle.

S. to intuitive insight. The yogis of ancient India first discovered this subtle rhythm and its mental correlates more than 5. CA. hemisphere treating a way to help shift our brains toward window on the brain: activity may prove valuable in mental disorders. Peculiar.168 Yoga Updade Breathing for The Brain Breath through your nose in in. of the body's to three hourf abilites. master of Kundalini Yoga. and Deborah Werntz of the University of California. yet breathe mainly through one eyes. We investigated a supposed relationship between the nasal cycle and a rhythm in brain hemisphere domiI nance. The right seems to deal with more abstract. San Diegoand followed the advice of Yogi Bhajan. On a practical level. It reflects The nasal rhythm. aesthetic and spatial brain's The hemishpheres are The left skills. out. isn't it? At any given moment you see with both both ears. it may give us found. is we a and more logical thought. a U. different kinds of thought to house two hemisphere engages intelligence. with This dominance lasts anywhere from one hour to more than three hours.000 years ago though the "nasal cycle" itself wasn't documented in the West until the We now know the nasal cycle is just one late 19th Century. then reverses over a period of minutes. Hold a mirror front of your nostrils. many sound in "ultradian" rhythms short cycles of one many metabolic functions and perceptual : Recently this nasal cycle has re-emerged as a promising focus of scientific research. hear nostril. out in. You'll find the pools of condensation from your two nostrils are different in size. . or the other way. My colleagues Floyd Bloom of the Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation in La Jolla. in linear activities such as language and calculation.

It affects the whole body. in breathing patterns could helf For example. changes shift our moods and attitudes. the yogis advocoted forced-nostril breathing to pattern of "thought waves. Breathing exercises designed to balance the hemispheres and promote mental development became central to living their everyday (p 171). If we're right about the brain's division of power. Right-nostril dominance goes with left-brain activity. They observed deep sleep is induced more quickly wiih left-nostril breathing. is surely a crucial go-between. through the left. by forcing through nostril. every two cause on-the-job way to break out of Long ago. That means you may have more luck balancing a of thinking shifts our dominant mode checkbook during an episode of left-brain dominance and enjoy the arts more when your right brain is "on. But beyond that.169 Now it seems that the hemispheres alternate in a steady rhythm. shifting modes of intelligence a doldrums breathing exercises could be them. You just test which nostril you're is using most. the hypothaiamus. And the yogis claimed sexual union was most satisfying when the male was breathing through the alter the right nostril. The yogis also believed that acute mental discomfort could be alleviated by forced breathing through the congested nostril. by forcing a left-nostril with the right brain. Appetite and digestive ability were high during right-nostril dominance. A person breathing through the right nostril air can activate the right the left hemisphere simply versa." Our studies show that you can tell which side of the brain dominant at any given time. aided by lying on the right. work If performance usually fluctuates hours or so. But the brain's tiny control center. and vice The possible uses of this brain/breathing switch are fascinating. the woman. . in your breathing you can actually stimulate the less switch active hemisphere. from left to right hemisphere and back again about 10 times every 24 hours. How does it all work? The precise connection between the lowly nose and the lofty mrnd remains unclear. On the average.

O. The thymus gland. sides of the body. of the right and We left may find that the activities by this autonomic rhythm. Ihe nasal cycle is generated by constricting the blood vessels in one nostril. of the president Khals^ Foundation for Medical Science. which spread to the left and right. we found relative increases in norepinephrine-a neurotransrnitter that reflects sympathetic activity-in the right arm during metabolic right nostril dominance. lobe. as my recent experiments with Michael Ziegler and Brian Kennedy of the University of California San Diego show. suggesting greater sympathetic rhythms activity on the body's right side. as governed Lymph nodes. its blood vessels are constricted. Davjd Shannahoff-Khalsa.170 Through the autonomic nervous system (ANS). November 86 . opening it wider. Del Mar. CA 92014. and dilating them in the other. 619-755-0539 American Health. has a left and a right. When the right nostril is dominant. P. master regulator of the immune system. for instance. Surprisingly. indeed.brain dysfunction. are partly governed by the sympathetic nervous system. Box 2708. depression shows greater right. the hypothaiamus or chestrates a myriad of body activities that are not under conscious control. For example. Sympathetic nerves usually constrict blood vessels. Could the breathing exercises discovered by the yogis help with mental illness? In an era dominated by drugs and high-tech scanners. from gastric contractions to goosebumps The ANS is made up of two separata nerve networks-the sympathetic and the parasympathetic -with opposite actions on any given organ. while parasympathetic nerves dilate them. So brain hemisphere rhythms could be reflected in the immune system. And. are as different as the brain hemispheres. the nasal cycle may reflect nervous system in the entire body. the importance of controlling their rhythms may become more significant. As we learn more about the two halves of the brain. studies done by psychiatrist Pierre FlorHenry of the University of Alberta suggest schizophrenia may involve more abnormal left-brain activity. it would ba ironic if so simple a procedure as altering ojr breathing patterns could give temporary relief from moodiness or madness.

Inhale through the curled tongue by break- .171 Ancient Exercises Breathe for Better Health These breathing exercises may be useful in regulating the cycle and balancing brain hemisphere activity. Continue for a maximum of 11 less at first If minutes. or drugs or alcohol. Sit with your spine straight. once you're done exhaling.iini Yoga as it has been taught by Yogi Bhajan. so start The more powerful the breath. with a you're epileptic. Though they haven't been tested by neuroscientists. If you can. or under the influence of MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL BALANCE This very simple breathing exercise creates a relaxed. Close your eyes in the same curl in into a U-shape. few cautions: Don't try these exercises if when driving a car. the more powerful the effect. Also. place your right little finger over the end of your left nostril and exhale slowly through your right nostril. Use your on tha point where to cover the end of your right nostril rest your left right thumb hand in your lap and inhale slowly through your left nostril. With your spine sit on the floor with legs crossed. Than inhale through the right and exhale through the left. metabostr-a* provides ene'gy and is very hBaling. ! safe to try. you like. or in a chair with both feet flat manner as In the same manneras in the first brain exercise> Relax both hands in your lap. Do not hold your breath *n once you've inhaled. close your eyes and focus them : your nose and eye-brows meet. stimulates the lism. they come from KundaThey're certainly . Then remove your thumb. moderately at first. begin to exhale immediately. extend your tongue out of your mouth and on the floor. broad TW?ntal view that is very cantering. ight. inhale immediately. Repeat this alternating pattern. EXPANDING AND INTERGRATING THE MIND This exercise also releases tension. and has baen used in the tre- atment of angina.

95 handling. at about two parts per second. (If you're unable- to curl through the curled tongue and eight parts out through the nose. Box 2830. close your mouth and exhale through your nose. D. Audio. Hendersonville.) Then your tongue. NC 28793-2830.S. again breakinq the breath into eight equal parts.K. Begin with a few minutes five to 10 is the maximum in the beginning and slowly build up the time by until you reach a maximum of 31 a minute or two everyday. November 8S .172 Ing the breath into eight equal parts. H. Continue: eight parts in inhale minutes. to A. ineight parts through your nose.95 plus S1. American Health. for the new audio tape an "Creative Breathing: Right and Left Brain/' send S9.

India. When pingula is active. USA Force Meridians and Medical Science. dominant. within the body and how they relate to metabolism will be introduced here with related scientific studies. sushmna. Both ida side of the body. or prana. with pingula flowing on three and pingula are adjacent to the central meridian. with a relative congestion in the right.O.e. 1. 1987. which corresponds to the anatomical vicinity of the spinal. and sushumna as the major channels for the flow of life force energy. In yogic nerve fibers. However. i. Paper presented at first International Conference on Medicine Madras. different even it though the nasa! cycle was studied in tories around the world and reported on many labora- in scientific journals. for energy flowing on the left ida means a channel or meridian the right. In yogic medicine. He noticed the following autonomic phenomena to correlate with right-left dominance in phases of the nasal cycle: the relative lateralization of dialation and constriction of pupils. He termed this relative congestion/decongestion of nasal turbinates the "nasal cycle". nasal airflow is greater in the The first releft nostril. And when ida is dominant. right nostril corded observation of this phvsiological phenomena of nasal western science was in 1889 by the German Physician. airflow through the dominates and the left nostril is relatively congested. In 1895. variations in iacrimal gland activity and nasal mucosa secretions. Kayser. Box 2708. P. etic medicine. and redness in the inner ear. Energy .173 A CONTEMPORARY VIEW OF THE LIFE FORCE BIOLOGY : MERGING OF KUNDALINI YOGA AND THE NEUROSCIENCES 1 DAViD SHANNAHOFF-KHALSA Del Life The Khaisa Foundation for Mar. This in the was West the that first scientific report of an observation supports yogic physiology. theAutonomic Nervous System (ANS) The ancient concepts of ida pingula. Kayser described this phenomena as an expression of the alternation of peripheral vasomotor tone on the two sides of the body. Feb 27-March 1. ida and pinguia are also expressed in the activity of where they are specifically related to the sympath- and parasympathetic fiber systems on the two side of the body. CA 92104.

1968. Bloom. 53. 1984). When sympathetic dominance occurs on the right. parasympathetic nerves that innervate the nasal mucosa on both sfde alternate in their patterns of dominance to produce the nasal cycle. was studied by otorhinolaryngaloStoksted 1952. It was found that both sympathetic and Primarily. causing congestion of that nasal airway. Although. reverse with dominant sympathetic activity on the left and par- sympathetic on the right* Mind And Metabolism The nasaf cycle is the key to understanding how mind and metabolism are coupled via the ANS. Keuning for gists (Heetderks. the relationship of the cerebral rhythm and the nasal cycle along wrth other peripheral correlates was part of the yogic working was the first study to show. but is no doubt the same phenomenon studied from a different viewpoint.174 was not until Beiokert in 1951 again studied simultaneously other phenernena regulated by autonomic activity. the anatomy and physiology for regulation of the nasal cycle was studied fn depth. relieve nasal congestion (see Soubeyrand. the nasal cycle 1927. review. This how modern physiologies! technidominance between the right and ques. He even wondered if there was any correlation of the nasal cycle with a similar phenomena in cerebral circulation. Hasagawa and Kern 1978) from the perspectiue of chronic unilateral or bilateral nasaf obstruction. 83) demonstrated the nasal cycle was coupled to the ultradian rhythms of the alternating lateral (ration of cerebra! hemispheric activity. 81. Remarkably enough. Bickford. The work by Werntz. he did find a report by Spnngorum and Centenera (1937) giving evidence of lateraiized flow patterns in the kidneys. that passage and hence dominance Simultaneously. vasoconstriction produces decongestion of greater airflow. This innate left hemispheres during waking in of central nervous system (CMS) function is not only linrhythm ked to the peripheral ANS rhythm. any pattern of alternating human subjects. He made similar observations to Kayser and called these changes the "halfsided rhythms of vegetative innervation". But he found no evidence of this. Many of these studies were inspired by attempts to develop medications to As a result. and Shannahoff-Khalss (198u. using . 60. This right-left relationship is what yogis call greater Greater activity of ida nadr would be the activity of pingula. parasympathetic manifests in the left nostril.

M. Werntz to record EEG activity over Drohocki-type integrator (Goldstein and Beck. (Barcaro. This supports the yogic claim of eontraiateral dominance.175 knowledge thousands of years ago.<) and in greater depth by Werntz. et aU 1986.ded 1. the*r study did rtot include the n-8sa! cycle or other related autonomic phenomena. simultaneously rectified. Shannahoff-Khalsa (1987 in press). or left and right hemispheric skills^ nostril domirespectively. et aJ (198. to reduced mengreater EEG amplitudes supposedly correspond tal activity. Goldstein. is This was a controversial point -in the Uterature and discussed in Werntz. This experiment had 23 subjects who completed the tasks which differed from those of Klein et aU . et al P-164 males (66) and females (70) to assess which hemisphere corresponded to the dominant nostril. Banquet. Although psychological studies performed by Klesn and Arcerebral hemispheres alterroitage (-979) suggest that the two nate during waking. Another study by Beubel and Shannahaff-Khalsa ( 98T. ( EEG monts93 was used 980. Bickford. 83 (. integrated and subtracted usin^ a the experiments by et al. et al 1986. 1366j to indicate which hemisphere had greater EEG amplitudes. in submission) supported the same contraiateral relationship of nostril and hemisphere. 83. 1972. Mowever.. Goldstein. Prosser. which when also considered from the neuroanatomical point of view.standard both hemiThe amplitudes of both hemispheres from 1-35 Hz we^e spheres. et In al. According to the ancient science of Kundalim Yoga the more dominant hemisphere Is contralateral to the active nostril. according to much of the literature on EEG studies. P4lon. 19B3. would be the expected orientation. Klein. of alternating cerebral hemispheric activity is This phenomena coupled to the phases of REM and non REM sleep (Barcaro. Banquet 1933. Klein et aU (1986) showed that ngnt nance with correlated greater verbal performance and that left nostril dominance correlated with greater spatial performance. and Shannahoff-Khalsa (1936) did a study with 126 nghi-har. EEG experiments during sleep. Moorthy A. have also provided evidence for rhythms of alternating cerebral hemispheric activity in humans et aU 1972). They used the same psychological tasks -as Klein andArmitage (1979) for the verbal and spatial.

Heet- derks states that in the same individual the cycle was not the same under apparently the same conditions while Flottes found the cycle lengths about the same on repeated examinations. The studies by Werntz et al. (1983). (1986). Klein et al. However. These results also showed a significant correlation of the side of unilateral forced nostril breathing on increased mental activity in the contrafateral hemisphere independent of initial dominance The relationship of cerebral dominance and nasal airflow studied by Bell and Shannahoff-Khalsa (1985) therusing was mistors for bilateral tympanic nasal membrane temperature for measurements and thermistors (TMT) measuring airflow activity Three other studies all suggest that increased cortical is associated with a relative decrease in TfvlTs. !n the remaining 20% Flottes found cycle lengths of up to 8 hours Heetderks states that in about 20% of the cases there was fluctuation without showed an average cycle cycle of reaction. supposedly this rhythm in healthy individuals. Beuble and Shannahoff-Khalsa (1987). the cerebral hemispheres do as well. he summarizes the work of some authors on the length of the nasal cycle. these results are similar to the yogic claim of 2. we have an average of 80-120 minutes." Keuning (1968) studied 17 normal males in their twenties and found a range of 2-7 hours. "According to Heetderks ments where (1927) Stoksted (1953) and Flottes (1961) 80% of their cases length of 3 hours.5 hours. one side of the nose was swelling and emptying without the opposite phase on the other side. and Bell and ShannahoffKhalsa (1985) all suggest that whan the nasal cycle switches dominance.5 hours duration In producing the review by Keuning (1968).176 (1986). etc. . When we consider the length of time of the ultradian rhythm REM and non REM sleep. where non REM gets shorter over the night and REM gets of longer. that is. with an average of 4 hours and 20 minutes. an average for the rhythm of 2. and vice versa In yogic medicine. under normal and unstressed conditions (not laboratory environ- activities are limited) goes through 10 cycles/day. All these studies are done in the laboratory using subject groups varying in age and probably with some variation in the restriction of locomotor activity.

which would help to reestablish homeostasis. (1976). In the ancient science of Kundalini Yoga. while often results in aphasia. which he termed 'schizophreniform psychosis" to be statistically more prevalent with foci in the left temporal lobe. and Cecotto (1959) and Rossi and Rosadini (with by Terzian review. and others. is can operate independently. and a thought disorder. showed that right foci produced an study on pro- "impulsive" agressive pattern compared with a controlled file of those with left foci "reflective" differential hemisphere mentality. lities.177 the supposed night time correlate of the cerevaries as it must reflect some kind of compensation rhythm or re-euilibration for daytime lenghts. personadomains of consciousness. somnabulism. right-hemisphere damage may be severely impaired by unconcern unrealistic assessement of emotional priorities. with split-brain patients. apparent when the cerebral Upon testing. used hemisphere inactivation by injection with Other classic studies on . Many ntial function. This results in such ponse different reactions that one is lead to believe that two very which separate "personalities" exist. other studies on the hemispheres support this differeThe asymmetry of human emotion is summarized He states that "the patient with in a review by Bear (1983). left-hemisphere damage more and Fior-Henry's (1979) classic work comparing right left temporal lobe foci epileptics reveals a preponderance of mood and affective disorders with right-sided foci. and failures in emotional communication". left nostril The work of the Sperry (1954). Also. again coma agressivity paring left versus right temporal lobe epileptics. one for each hemisphere. In the investigation of Me Intyre et al. This commissures are disconnected. bra! No doubt right nostril sleep is the equivalent of is REM sleep ana left nostril the equivalent of non REM sleep. 1967). or sleep sle^p walking according to ycgic medicine takes place during dominance. the hemisphere is initially presented with the stimulus produces a reswithout consultation of the other. or shows us that their are two separate minds.

it is known that an individual can learn to consciously will. affectionate obedient. and the right computer with pingula. full of rebellion against authority. scaring other patients with lurid tales of state hospitals and sex relations. with hate toward other people around her. was put to sleep. and sought affection and approval from those previously abused. mischevious and vindictive. the dominance of on the left or pingula on the right is manifested throughout ida the . or two separate modes wax and wane with each other throughout the 24 hour cycle. He described how two "antipode personalities. in two female multiple personality disorder (MPD) would alternate with a simultaneous switching jn peripheral vasomotor tone on the two sides of the body. The results were statistically consistent showing that barbiturization of the left hemisphere usually produced the "depressive-catastrophic" reaction. submissive. Two of intelligence minds. irresponsible.178 sodium amobarbital. self-effacing. using abusive langu- age. Lynn described the two personalities as (1). The agressive personality was dominant in the right nostril and the shy personality was dominant in the left nostril. The left computer is dominant with greater activity of ida. a fascinating observation is by Lynn (reported in Ischlondsky 1955) stand. and a "euphoricmaniacal" reaction was produced when the right hemisphere . two separate computers. within the switch hemispheres/nostrils at span of one breath. impulsive. In view of the discovery of this natural rhythm of the dyna- mic lateralization of cerebral activity. shy. The switching phenomenon exhibited with MPD suggests that this normal neurological mec- hanism ptation for in switching cerebral dominance is also useful for adaextreme situations like dissociative disorders. The hemispheres and nostrils are one way to look at the balance of activity of ida and pingula According to yogic medicine. to adopt the "proper" mode of function to suit the circumstances. This shifting in personality and AIMS function is consistent with the yogic understanding of the correlation of personality with nostril dominance. and (2) as dependent. In fact. now easier to under- or diametricall-opposed" patients. in yogic medicine.

These results have been confirmed by horizontal on a vertical Cole and Haight (1984).. Haight and Cole (1984). can activate the left nostril-right hemisphere is also possible. termed hemihidrotic reactions.e. lung function and other organs influenced by the antagonistic effects of the symalso found pathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Interestingly on this phenomena of posture and dominance have been carried out in several Rao and Potdar (1970) report that changes in the laboratories. Other Studies or Later'Q^z^ion^ i ANS^^tiyj^in the Periphery Again in yogic medicine. This is a ing the hemispheres if desired. The reverse more primitive mechanism for activatcompared to "mentally controlling'' the ANS-CNS dominance as enough. on opposite sides they produce what they points are activated called the "crossed-hemihidrotic reaction'-'. the phenomena of lying on one side and generating a change in ANS function is familiar. that differ on the two side of the body as a result of pressure reflexes are reviewed by Takagi and Kobayashi (1955). Prior to these studies. These "skin pressurereflexes'' are discussed as having therapeutic value vegetative and also in relationship to the nasal cycle. scientific pressure on nasal studies real yogis can simply do. can be accomplished by sitting in either ph ase of the nasal cycle under the armpit or lying position with the pressure the side. However. some researchers noticed that nasal dominance. non right hemisphere and Sweating patterns. Yogis have a!so the right side. that lying on to induce deep the sleep more rapidly since left nostril dominance helps engage REM sleep. although it was weaker in influence. They that a pressure point on the hip could act similarly to the armpit When these two point. they assuposition could influence med tfrat gravity plaved a role in the changes of blood tSow causing congestion. Yogis know that lying on the right side. i. Cole and Height (1986). discovered will help compared to the left. or applying pressure under the right armpit on the fifth intercostal space while vertical. a lateralized .179 entire periphery as is furthhr documented This would suggest that studying in the two cases of MPD in ANS function" elsewhere the periphery may also reflect the "ultradian rhythm of ida and pinguia".

and delays the response to allIn contrast. (1983) showed that "partial ablation of the left fronto-parretaf cerebral cortex decreases the number of spleen T cells. scientific it is not surprising why the concepts of "ida" western rate and "pingula" have been so difficult for the mind to grasp. and rnitogen-induced responses. Patients with obstwith right or left chronic nasal ruction on the right were more frequently affected with a range of both physical and psychological disorders disorClearly degrees of symptomatology in psychosomatic ders. Simply. The two hemispheres also play in the regulation of the a remarkably different role et ai. impairs IgG-alpha sheep red blood cell oantigens. as well as states of mind in healthier conditions. the Eccles and Eccles (1981) make comparisons of normal and how "stress abnormal asymmetries in ANS function and state balance may be disrupted or with hypothaiamic instability this and result in the marked autonomic asymmetry seen in migraine or Meniere's syndrome". these events are increased following a symmetrical lesion of the right neocortex. Renoux (1983) and later Neveu et ai. of patients presenting Riga (1957) did a clinical analysis obstruction. The ANS is the neurel matrix that links mind with metabolism. are couunderstood pled to this pendulum of ida and pingula. immune system. The findings extend previous results showing that the neocortex modulates Natural Killer activity and the efficacy of T cellspecific serum factors". (1986) in mice demonstrated a result of fundamental significance in the newly founded field of psychon- eurormmunology Renoux et a}. And unless in the familiar physiological terms.180 the body was reversed on sweating pattern on the top of lower half. This result and the finding of natural rhythms in cortical activity brings a new facet into play ''the rhythms of laterality and immunity". ida and pingula desc- ribe the functional relationship between the mind as two sepa- computers and the metabolic correlates in the alternating rhythm of ANS activity. .

to sushumna. This ss an adaptive mechanism that gence of the to survive. respectively. It seems that the pendulum described bv in temporal lobe epHepsy. the the yogis for the relationship of the mental correlates for Ida and pinguia is consistent with western concepts. In shows the cat that the yogic science. hyper-excttablity of one side : These are the ends of spectrum that one might expect to find beyond the normal limits of function with the BRAC. or "sun" and "moon". 1955) is another example nature can utilize normal mechanisms for survival. hemisphere system is instantaneously inirianostril-right hemisphere is dominant This when switch can happen in less than a second. or with MPD. Self-Regulation of Cerebral Intelligence and ANS Function is The third major and central meridian. and "male" and "female". Malcomson 1959). if the right nostril-left ted even the left the fight or flight response engages. According anatomically region when the chemistry of the brain and spinal fluid Yogic medicine.181 The Basic Rest Activity Cycie and Cerebral Intelligence Stoksted (1953) and that the Eccies (1978) had earlier proposed in hypothalamus may be responsible in for regulating cyclical changes nasal resistance. pinguia and ida are also described as being "hot" and "cold". 1981. are equis "conditioned" and the "energies" of ida and pinguia the of the . Experimental evidence hypothalamus does directly influence sympathetic innervation of the nasal mucosa both unilaterally and bilaterally (Eecles and Lee. This is left used to quickly access and utilize the intellihemisphere for the "basic knowledge" needed correlates with the ergotrophsc rage-related sympathetic activities discovered by of the riles in immediate shifting of ANS MPD (Ischlondsky. for the function of right nostril-left hemisphere and left nostril-right hemisphere dominance. In yogic medicine. The case function and personality proof hew A similar "polarity of mind" is observed in the structure of personality in the three cases of extreme function discussed above barbiturization of one side. related to spinal canal. Hess and others.

for self-regulation is of view. Significant shifts in hemispheric ieved in EEG dominance were obtained pilot 25 of 31 attempts using replicated is five in a different subjects. Sound is another important method that can be employed for self-regulation of the central nervous system (Shannahoff-Khalsa and Bhajan. Srinivasan (1986) this result study and along with ShannahoffsKhalsa gating this phenomena. the yogi must then always regulate this balance from the conscious state. that the yogi consciously controls the balance of energy of ida and pingula. and when they do equally. The yogi is always consciously controlling his prana or life force levels. This balance point is from this point of function. is where self-mastery begins. this happens only when the pituitary and pineal achie- ve a specific secretory relationship.182 state of consciousness is possible. the "energies" of ing nerves are activated. Once having developed the ability to maintain this equilibrium on a regular basis. the primary natural mechanism conscious control of the airflow in the nostrils. both ida and pingual a range of important events can occur. and when certain connecta figurative sense. is where transcendental reality begins. In most and is not consciously people this transition is very short-lived since the necessary neural activation and glandular experienced This is also the moment of increased activity are unmanifested. et al. a transition point exists where both hemispheres are equal in influence. He chooses the hemiHe is not sphere suited to the situation for optimal performance. They found that selective hemispheric stimulaiion could be achnostril breathing to Untrained subjects were requested to do unilateral forced determine if the relative dominance of EEG activity would be effected. (1981. First. desired mode of intelligence. but hs chooses to utilize the controlled by the "thought waves". 1986) rils. In effect sushmna. further investi- . Besides regulating the rate and rhythm for both nost- From the yogic point there are numerous patterns for altering airflow on the two sides independently. This state of equilibrium. The rhythm is then no longer "autonomic". Werntz. It creativity. ally mixed an "elevated" However. 87) demonstrated the cortical effects of altered breathing patterns in the laboratory using the EEG.

Activ. Body Time.G. H. EEC Changes course of Hatha yogic exercises intended for meditation. Vol. A.N Unilateral (The Neuro-Reflex Syndrome of Unilateral Nasal . back. 11. R. New York. Prasad. Chakra. dominance" science studies yoga. Sup (Proha) ZZ 1980. ROLDAN E. Swara Vigyan and Behavior Patterns. Pratap Left Vijayendra. Friedella. 2. March 1-981. House. 5. Himalayan International Imtitue of yoga sciences philorphy of USA. 9. pp 875-881. 1. Institute of Physiological Regulations. DOSTALEX. Yoga research Society Conference. A Journal of Tantra and Yoga.. Theosophical Publishing Pratap. Vijayendra.183 C. Angina 2. 31. No. Colorado Springs. I. India 1947. Obstruction). LEPICOVSKA. pennsyluonsa. Pantheon Books. 7. 1967. G. The Revue d'oto-Neuro-Ophatalmologie. P-48 Luce.. This . Automatic Automatic Attentive Breathing Pectoris. nerv. Vedic Path. XXIX No. "JAPA with shallow breath at 4-5 c/Min. in 3. 197 1. Le Syndrome Nauro-Retelex DeL'Ostruction Nasale Riga. Venkata Reddy. Vol. V. I. M. Pratap. Swara Yoga as a system of natural . 1977. 10. James funderburk. 6. Winter 1970-71. in the .activity may occur simultaneously in the occipital and frontal leads of one hemisphere with alpha. 8. 4. Vijayendra. 1974. 1974. Singh. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences PRAGUE. Medicine. 6 pp. Nature's Finer Forces. 1971. Vol. induce large amplitude theta and Delta or regular beta in the frontoparietal areas. and Hemisphere Difference Wade in Berrettine 1975-Right and Mantra Meditation-A Cast study. 1948. 325-332. Svarayoga-A Modality in BiofeedBiofeedback Society Conference. Honesdale. "nostril. Adyar. diurnal pattern of nostril breathing.

Edr. Pub : Shri Venkateshwar Bombay 8) Svarodayasara. S. Madras Feb. Scientific Research Farrow (Los Angeless : MIU Press). 1883. David. 27th on Energy Medicine. TM. No. D. pp. Gharote kindly furnished Principal. Lawrence. Bombay. Pub: Shri Venkateshwar Press. Pune. Dr. Domash and John. 1971. with Marathi : Sivasvarodaya. Publisher Pathaka Varanasi. G. by R. M. 1667 5) pp 94. pp. Pub: 7) Jnanasvarodaya. 1918. Sri Venkateswara : Press. Sivasvarodaya. T. Collected papers. Upadhyaya. Vol I.184 International Conference Energy Healing. 1987. Text with Hindi Translation by Pandit Mihirchand. Press. Translated B. SRD/17 College of Yoga. 6) Sivasvarodaya. Westcott. 8 January 88 (Personal Communication). . 2nd Edn. W. Lonavla Dt. Orme-Johnson. Letter Ref. 2) 3) 4) Jayalakshmi Tika on Narapatijayacarya. 68. Jagaddhitecchu Press. 12. pp. 368. Narahari Manjari Tika on Narapatijayacarya. Paper presented at the Institute of Magnetobiology. L. Bombay. 136. Pub Raoji Sridhora Gondhaiekar. Text Translation by Vaman Eknath Kemkar. H. Mark Hemispheric S/mmetry of the EEG During on T. Baijanath Prasad. Caranadasa. M. APPENDIX-Vlil 1 BIBLIOGRAPHY ON SVARODAYAS'ASTRA 1} with Narapatikavi Sarvodayah of Narapatijayacharya 'Subodhini Sanskrta-Hindi commentary by Ganeshadatta Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office. Pub Khemraj Shrikrishnadas.

REFERJNCESJ3N SVARAYOGA i 1) Svarodaya by Radhakrishna. Scindia Oriental Institute. .XXIX.2022 Pancatatta Vijaya Svarodaya. i) Samarasarasvarodaya by Ram. 10286 Svarodaya Vicaarah. Anandasrama. 30. 8) Vaidik Samsodhan Mannai. 15395 . 3) from Brah- Be ga^sH!n^^ e r s ty i : C B G B 4) . Bharat Itihasa Samsodhaka Mandol. i) 10) Pavanavijaya Svarodaya by Alakhadas Ms. Kumar Pub : Prachya Prakashan Varanasi. Ujjain. 178/2678 Svarodaya by Malianatha Haridasa. Quoted by Rajendraiai Mitra in his Aphorism of Patanjali. it) Svarodaya by Vyas.Svarodayah (Argha Kandam) mayamala. Text Bar. Palace. No. and English Translation by Ram 1980. MSS. 309/5 144 Svarodaya Satika.3558 Pavanavijaya Svarodaya by Bhaskara.Svarodaya by Goraksa. 7 133 .Svarodaya Sastra by Jivanath. 6) ^^Orjentai Institute. pp. . Pune.2346 Pavanavijaya Svarodaya by Bhaskara.185 9) Siva Svarodaya. in Maharaja of Jaipur City 2) Raiasthan 9lJ22^ Ms. 9) 3/9044 Svarodaya Sastra (Tattvabhagah). 29912 Svarodaya Vivaranam. Pune. 3702 .697 Pavanavijaya Svarodaya by Bhaskara . 7) Benaras Sanskrit University Library. 172. . No. Ms. Baroda.Svarodaya by Cidananda. 2510 . 52/362 Svarodaya Tika by 5) Sri Misra Narahari. Pune.

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