STEEL CONSTRUCTION

ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES

INTRODUCTION
• Steel has been used in commercial construction for many years. In the past decade it has been used more and more in residential construction. Steel studs construction has gained in popularity because trees aren't cut to make studs, they also are price stable and don't fluctuate as much as lumber. When lumber prices are up steel studs are an attractive option.

Some of advantages of steel construction are:- .ADVANTAGES • Steel is very useful in construction. There are many advantages using steel in construction. That why many construction in the world use steel as main materials for the construction.

• The steel industry annually saves enough energy to power 18 million households for a year. over a trillion pounds of steel was recycled.Recycling. • In the last decade. . • Steel components generate minimal waste and all light gauge steel construction materials are 100% recyclable.

earthquakes. • Steel's strength and non-combustible qualities enable a steel framed structure to better resist such devastating events as fires. . • Steel has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any construction material.Strength & Durability. • No other construction material can match steel's superior strength and durability. and hurricanes. • Steel framing material is significantly stronger than wood.

• You will never have to worry about wood rot. • Steel is simply impervious to termites and other dam age-causing bugs and pests. . rot. termites or carpenter ants destroying the “backbone” of your building.Termites. • Termites strike more American structures than fire. and mildew. • Steel studs are impervious to insects.

. warp. contraction. • Individual members of a wood-framed building react differently to climate changes. warping. etc. splinter. twisting. split. shrink. creep. • Steel will not crack. or swell.Climate & Condition or Dimensionally Stable. This wood movement may include expansion.

typically resulting in lower premiums. Insurance rates for steel homes are often cheaper than wood framed homes.Cost Effective. • Steel studs are non-flammable. . and won't add fuel to a fire. • Insurance companies love steel framed buildings! It qualifies for what they refer to as “superior construction”.

A 2000 square foot home requires only 6 tons of steel compared to 20 tons of lumber.Weigh. • Steel is light but very strong. . Foundations can be lighter. transportation and site handling are easier. • Steel components weigh 60% less than wood.

• Steel stays straight and true. light steel components are always straight. this allows for a flat wall every time. while wood may warp or crack. • Unlike lumber. .Always straight.

This strength advantage means better design flexibility. • Steel components allow for longer spans with less post supports. • Steel has one of the highest weights to strength ratios of all construction materials.High Structural Efficiency. wider spans and better material usage. .

• Steel-framed housing dramatically reduces the amount of trees consumed for residential construction. The only wood products used for light gauge steel construction are plywood sheathing and door and window trim components. • Steel is environmentally friendly. thus conserving one of nature's most precious resources. .Steel is a “Green” StructureEnvironmentally Friendly.

There is virtually no "wet" work. Steel construction is fast. Design is easy in seismic conditions .Other Advantages • • • Only simple site assembly is needed.

As previously discussed steel also has its own disadvantages which were best identified by Yost (1995) as follows: . steel also have disadvantages in construction. Steel has a consistent quality because it is a manufactured product and during construction there is not the 10-20% material waste that is typically experienced with wood operations (Yost 1995).DISADVANTAGES • Although there are many of advantages using steel in construction.

• • • In many areas it is difficult to find framing crews that are trained in light steel construction. This disadvantage usually raises the overall project cost. Because Steel studs are a poor insulator they suffer from thermal bridging which reduces overall wall insulation value. . Even though steel components will not burn they will actually fail (collapse) before a wood component in a house fire.

. Thermal conductivity is probably the most serious of steel's disadvantages. Steel components can rust if left exposed in marine climates.• • Steel is an excellent thermal conductor requiring additional exterior insulation or thermal breaks to overcome this disadvantage.

• • Finding steel roof trusses is difficult in most areas so it is common to used wood roof trusses (and sometimes floor trusses). . In addition to the labor training required to convert to the use of steel. The combination of additional training and tools translate to increased costs of construction for a short period of time. builders and laborers must obtain some new tools not presently used by carpenters.

it is not only unfamiliar to craftsmen but it is also unfamiliar to engineers and code officials.• Because light-gauge steel frame construction is relatively new and innovative within the residential construction industry. .

Some of steel construction. .

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•THANK YOU .

• NAME: MOHAMMAD SHAHRIL NORDIN • MATRIX: AA 03021 • COURSE: BECHELOR OF CIVIL ENGINEERING • SUBJECT: CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING • LECTURER: MS. KHAIRUNISA ABDULLAH .

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