Aircraft Recognition | Close Air Support | Fighter Aircraft

FIELD MANUAL No.

44-80

*FM 44-80 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 30 September 1996

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes FM 44-80, 20 July 1993.

Cover Acknowledgements

FM 44-80 VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION

PREFACE
This manual is primarily a ready reference to assist the ground observer in aircraft recognition and identification. It provides information on current operational aircraft of the United States and foreign countries, which may be observed worldwide in the combat area. It can be used as source material for personnel conducting unit training in visual aircraft recognition. The procedures in this publication apply throughout the US Army. The data is based on the best information available at the time of publication; however, it is not all-inclusive because of some classification guidelines. This publication, by nature, has a built-in time lag, and some aircraft may still be under development or classified at the time of writing, but may be fielded or unclassified at, or after, publication. The provisions of this publication are the subject of international agreement QSTAG, 699, Aircraft Recognition Training. The proponent of this publication is USAADASCH. Submit changes for improving this publication on DA Form 2028 and forward it to Commandant, US Army Air Defense Artillery School, ATTN: ATSA-DT-T, Fort Bliss, TX 79916-3802. Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

CONTENTS
Chapter 1 - Need for Visual Aircraft Recognition

*FM 44-80 30 September 1996

Chapter 2 - Factors That Affect Detection, Recognition, and Identification

Chapter 3 - Description of Aircraft

Chapter 4 - Instruction Program

Chapter 5 - Ground Attack, Close Air Support, and Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

Chapter 6 - Air Superiority and Interceptor Aircraft

Chapter 7 - Bomber Aircraft

Chapter 8 - Cargo and Transport Aircraft

Chapter 9 - Utility Aircraft

Chapter 10 - Helicopter Aircraft

Chapter 11 - Early Warning, Observation, and Reconnaissance Aircraft

Chapter 12 - Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missles

Appendix - Master Aircraft List

Glossary

References
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes FM 44-80, 20 July 1993.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The US Army Air Defense Artillery School wishes to thank the following persons and organizations/corporations who have provided and/or given permission to use their photographs in this manual and other US Army aircraft recognition products. This furnished material should be used for training purposes only. Some of the organizations/corporations have reorganized, combined, renamed, or have been dissolved since their submissions.

If you have aircraft photographs (to include unmanned aerial vehicles) that you would like to include in the next edition of this manual and/or other US Army visual aircraft training products, please forward them, with release/permission to use the photographs, to Commandant, US Army Air Defense Artillery School, ATTN: ATSA-DT-T, Fort Bliss, TX 79916-3802.

CHAPTER 1
Need for Visual Aircraft Recognition
This chapter provides the causes for the decline in recognition skills in the past, the reasons for visual aircraft recognition today, and an overview of the potential threat. Aircraft are as much a part of the battlefield as tanks and artillery. These aircraft add a vertical dimension and their presence must be accepted and dealt with by every soldier in the field. On today’s battlefield, a soldier must recognize and identify both threat and friendly aircraft. Since there may be many of each type, aircraft recognition training is necessary for every soldier in the combat force.

REASONS FOR VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION
Following World War II, the emphasis on visual aircraft recognition declined as a required skill for ground-based weapons crew members. Causes of the decline were— • The substitution of guided missiles for large antiaircraft guns. • The assumption that US forces would continue to maintain air superiority. • The reliance on electronic equipment for aircraft identification as hostile or friendly. The need for visual aircraft recognition skills has become more critical since— • An analysis of past military actions shows aircraft losses to air defense guns and small arms. It has reestablished that the soldier on the ground is capable of inflicting heavy losses on aircraft operating at low altitudes. • Continued air superiority over every battlefield is not possible. • Electronic identification has limitations and small units or individual soldiers do not always have access to these devices. • Visual recognition and identification of specific aircraft types and timely reporting provide the S2 and G2 additional information of a passive nature in the form of early warning, threat air capability, or information on a possible new tactical situation such as supply drops, defoliation, or photographic reconnaissance. The provision of large numbers of AD weapon systems to all divisional and some nondivisional ground combat forces generates additional emphasis on the need for visual aircraft recognition. Crew and team members of these weapon systems depend on visual recognition and identification of aircraft when making engagement decisions. The effectiveness of

CHAPTER 2
Factors That Affect Detection, Recognition, and Identification
This chapter covers early recognition and identification, aircraft confusion, physical factors, and search techniques. It also covers markings and camouflage, the use of binoculars, and other recognition considerations. Every attempt made at visual aircraft recognition involves two events. First, an aircraft must be detected. Second, the aircraft must be inspected to distinguish the characteristics or shape that makes it recognizable as a particular aircraft. Since detection, identification, and recognition are all visual processes, an aircraft must be detected, and then recognized at the farthest range possible, to make a timely engagement decision and or to report the aircraft. The task requires good, corrected if necessary, eyesight.

EARLY AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION AND IDENTIFICATION
The farther out an aircraft can be detected, recognized, and identified, the more time a gunner has to make an engagement decision. If the gunner is not going to engage the aircraft, then early recognition and identification will allow time to seek cover and or report the aircraft. The importance of early identification is demonstrated in the following illustration.

CHAPTER 3
Description of Aircraft
This chapter shows the features of aircraft that make recognition and identification possible, and sorts out similar and dissimilar aircraft. Additionally, it shows examples of how aircraft are named and or numbered. All of the possible aircraft configurations are not covered in this chapter. When instructing aircraft recognition, an instructor or small unit leader can follow the descriptive methods used in the examples and derive his own descriptions for features or configurations that are not covered in the text.

AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION AND IDENTIFICATION FEATURES
All aircraft are built with the same basic elements: wings to provide lift, engine(s) to provide motive power, a fuselage to carry the payload and controls, and a tail assembly which usually controls the direction of flight. These elements differ in shape, size, number, and position. The differences distinguish one aircraft type from another. An instructor can isolate the individual components for description and study as separate recognition and identification features, but it is the composite of these features that must be learned to recognize and identify an aircraft. The WEFT Features illustration shows wings, engine(s), fuselage, and tail features of aircraft. Allied countries may teach more or fewer features of aircraft in their recognition and identification programs.

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clearly defined individual skill levels that must be met. When the mission is to defend the airspace above the battlefield to protect friendly assets. the chapter features training aids and slide kit training which are used to develop and implement aircraft recognition training. recognize. identify. and perform are the same in VACR training as for other classroom subjects. All soldiers are required to recognize a selected number of threat and friendly aircraft for survival and intelligence gathering. and at the same time. and engage hostile aircraft. The training functions of plan. practice. In addition. These skills make it possible to discriminate between friendly and hostile aircraft by name and or number and type which will help avoid destruction of friendly aircraft. and the fundamentals of VACR. present. . A VACR training program should be based on established training methods. The skill level to which the unit will train depends on the unit’s mission.CHAPTER 4 Instruction Program This chapter describes training methods and the fundamentals of VACR. prepare. the ability to recognize and identify aircraft becomes even more important. TRAINING PROGRAM Aircraft recognition and identification proficiency skills are gained through training.

the F/A-18 Hornet and MiG-21 Fishbed are used in many roles. and fighter-bomber aircraft. For example. . For the most part. there are examples of both hostile and friendly ground-attack. CAS.CHAPTER 5 Ground-Attack. Close Air Support. depending on the model and type of the aircraft. photographs. For each aircraft. there are line drawings. Line drawings are not to scale. general data. and fighter-bomber aircraft WEFT description features. user countries. Most aircraft shown can and will perform several roles. WEFT descriptions. CAS. all the aircraft depicted here will be seen performing missions over the modern battlefield. and aircraft manufacturer information. The following illustration shows general-attack. and Fighter-Bomber Aircraft In this chapter. These aircraft will perform a variety of missions to include reconnaissance and interdiction in the forward areas.

Q-5 G.B.-22 Fitter Su-24 Fencer Su-25 Frogfoot Super Etendard Tornado IDS Viggen AJ-37 Yak-28 Brewer Yak-38 Forger .Chapter 5 Aircraft List A-4 Skyhawk A-6 Intruder A-7 Corsair II A-10A Thunderbolt II A-37 Dragonfly Alpha Jet AMX AV-8B Harrier II Buccaneer Draken F-1 F-4 Phantom II F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II F-16 Fighting Falcon F/A-18 Hornet F-104 Starfighter F-111 Aardvark F-117A Night Hawk Fantan A.91Y Galeb/Jastreb Hawk Jaguar Kfir L-39 Albatross Magister CM. 339A MiG-17 Fresco MiG-21 Fishbed MiG-27 Flogger D. 326 M.J MiG-29 Fulcrum Mirage III/5 Mirage F1 SF.B. .260W Su-7B Fitter A Su-17.170 M.-20.

A-4 SKYHAWK (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 27 ft. Role. Bombs. CAS.28 m). Length: 40 ft. two cannons. Hawk. 6 in (8. One. Dimensions. 3 in (12. gun pods. Similar Aircraft. Yak-38 Forger. missiles. Attack. Armament. Crew.38 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Trainer--two. USA. Mirage III/5. F-4 Phantom II. rockets.

Singapore. Engine(s). Bubble canopy. Fuselage. Delta-shaped tail flats mounted low on a swept-back. New Zealand. pointed nose. Indonesia. tapered tail fin with a square tip. Kuwait. Body widens at air intakes and tapers to the rear. . Barrel-shaped with solid. Low-mounted delta with curved tips. Tail. Malaysia. Single turbojet inside body.Wings. Israel. Air intakes semicircular and mounted on the body above and forward of the wings' leading edges. Some versions have an extended nose. Humped dorsal spine. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. USA.

Length: 54 ft. Armament. Dimensions. missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Two. US Marine Corps all-weather attack bomber.64 m). Hunter.A-6 INTRUDER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. 7 in (16. tanker. Bombs.15 m). Span: 53 ft (16. Role. Crew. Similar Aircraft.

swept-back. Engine(s). Body tapers to the rear section.Wings. Sweptback. Teardrop-shaped with a rounded nose. tapered tail flats. Fuselage. USER COUNTRY USA . high-mounted on the fuselage with blunt tips. and tapered with blunt tips. Unequally tapered tail fin with a square tip and small. Bubble canopy. Mid-mounted. Two turbojets mounted on body midsection. stepped fairing in the leading edge. Semicircular air intakes below and forward of the wing roots. Tail. Exhausts are in the trailing edges of the wing roots.

Span: 38 ft. Attack. F-16 Fighting Falcon. TA-7H and A-7K--two. Length: 46 ft (14. Role. Crew. 8 in (11.8 m). G-91Y. Su-17 Fitter. gun pods.A-7 CORSAIR II (VOUGHT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. rockets. One. missiles. Armament.06 m ). Similar Aircraft. CAS. Bombs. USA. cannon. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

USA. and tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. oval air intake under a round nose. Tail. High-mounted. The fin is sweptback with a curved tip. with a positive slant. Flats mid-mounted on the body. Single exhaust. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Greece.Wings. thick body with rounded nose and blunt tail section. Portugal. Wide. One turbofan inside the body. . Sawtooth in the leading edges on some models. Engine(s). Bubble canopy is located well forward on the nose. swept-back and tapered. swept-back.

One. gun pods. bombs.27 m). Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Role.54 m).A-10A THUNDERBOLT II (FAIRCHILD REPUBLIC) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. Span: 57 ft. but compare with the Su-25 Frogfoot. ground attack. Similar Aircraft. Hellfire missiles. 4 in (16. Dimensions. Length: 53 ft. 30-mm cannon. 6 in (17. rockets. None. CAS.

tapered rear. unequally tapered fins extend above and below the tail flat. and equally tapered from the wheel pods to the blunt. Low-mounted on the fuselage. Fuselage. untapered to the wheel pods.Wings. USER COUNTRY USA. curled under tips. Two turbofan engines in pods. Tail. bubble canopy. mounted high on the rear of the body between the wings and the tail section. Protrusion in the left side of the nose section is the 30-mm GAU-8 cannon. . Rounded nose. Two tail fins on the tips of a rectangular tail flat. Flat is low-mounted on a sharply tapered rear fuselage. Landing gear pods are under the wings. Engine(s).

Span: 33 ft.339. forward air control. Length: 29 ft. M. minigun.326. Similar Aircraft. USA. reconnaissance.A-37 DRAGONFLY (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.32 m). Dimensions. rockets.94 m). gun pods.B. M. 3 in (8. Role. Bombs. Light-attack. Two. 9 in (10. Crew. Galeb-Jastreb. Hawk.B. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. observation.

Dominican Republic. Guatemala. USER COUNTRIES Chile. oval front section tapered to the rear.to low-mounted on the fin.Wings. Flattened. Flats mid. USA. El Salvador. and slight forward taper in the trailing edge with square tips (generally fuel tanks). Small semicircular air intakes and round exhausts are located in the wing roots. straight leading edge. Fuselage. Panama. Tail. Honduras. Engine(s). Bubble canopy. equally tapered with blunt tips. Peru. Colombia. Vietnam. Thailand. Ecuador. South Korea. . Uruguay. Fin is tapered with a blunt tip and a small fairing in the leading edge. Two turbojets mounted internally. Mid-mounted.

Hawk. Germany. Role. DORNIER) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. rockets. missiles. Gun pods.ALPHA JET (DASSAULT-BREGUET. Dimensions. advanced trainer.14 m). Light-attack. 3 in (12. Mirage F1. Length: 40 ft. AV-8B Harrier II. France. Two. Span: 30 ft (9.3 m). Armament. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. AMX. bombs.

Egypt. pointed nose and tail. Tail. Slender. Oval-shaped air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Two alongside the body under the wings. Germany. Exhausts are at the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Togo. Two-seat cockpit with a bubble canopy. Swept-back and tapered tail flats mid-mounted on the body with a negative slant and square tips. Cameroon.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Belgium. Fuselage. France. and tapered with curved tips and negative slant. Qatar. . Portugal. swept-back. Engine(s). Morocco. Nigeria. High-mounted. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a clipped tip. Ivory Coast.

Brazil.84 m). Alpha Jet. fighter. 6 in (13. Dimensions. Bombs. Span: 29 ft (8.AMX (AERITALIA. WEFT DESCRIPTION . AAMs. Mirage F1. rockets. cluster bombs. One. Similar Aircraft. ASMs.58 m). Light bomber. Armament. Role. EMBRAER) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. AERMACCHI. Italy. Length: 44 ft. Crew. AV-8B Harrier II.

Body widens at the air intakes and tapers to the rear section. One turbofan inside body. Tail. swept-back.Wings. swept-back. Two air intakes forward of the wing roots. Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Italy. and tapered with square tips (AAMs usually mounted). Flats mid-mounted on fuselage. Fuselage. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. and tapered with blunt tips. Engine(s). Single exhaust. High-mounted. .

4 in (9. One. USA. AMX. Mirage F1. Similar Aircraft. Armament. bombs.AV-8B HARRIER II (McDONNELL DOUGLAS. gun pods. Length: 46 ft. Yak-38 Forger. WEFT DESCRIPTION .13 m). Crew. 4 in (14. VSTOL fighter. UK. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. missiles. rockets. Dimensions. Span: 30 ft.25 m). Cannon. Role. CAS.

One vectored thrust turbofan mounted in the body.Wings. Thick. negative slant and blunt tips. Italy. USER COUNTRIES India. Engine(s). Tail flats high-mounted on fuselage are swept-back with a negative slant and blunt tips. Tail. rounded. semicircular air intakes that give the body a rounded appearance from the head-on view. Pointed rear tail cone. Fin swept-back and tapered with curved tip. USA. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. Spain. High-mounted. Small step in the leading edge. swept-back. Large. and tapering to a slender tail. and tapered. Fuselage. . UK.

Dimensions. F-4 Phantom. missiles. UK. reconnaissance. gun pods.BUCCANEER (HAWKER SIDDELEY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Bombs (internal and under wings). Role. Length: 63 ft. Similar Aircraft. Maritime duties. Jaguar. Span: 44 ft (13. Crew. rockets. Armament.5 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . AV-8 Harrier. Two. 5 in (19.34 m).

Exhausts at rear of the trailing edges of the wings. Engine(s). Two mounted alongside the fuselage in the wing roots.Wings. Fuselage. Bulging midsection and a pointed nose. Flats swept-back and tapered with square tips. Circular air intakes below the canopy. high-mounted on a swept-back tail fin forming a T. USER COUNTRIES South Africa. and tapered with square tips. Mid-mounted. Tail. Large bubble canopy. swept-back. UK. . Tail cone extends beyond the tail. wide wing roots.

reconnaissance. Bombs. Similar Aircraft. Span: 30 ft. cannon. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 4 in (15.5 m).5 m). Sweden. Length: 50 ft. Crew. Dimensions.DRAKEN (SAAB) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 10 in (9. rockets. One. Armament. Hunter. missiles. Fighter-attack.

Sweden. swept-back. Engine(s). Finland. Large. No tail flat. Denmark. Long. Tail.Wings. Mid-mounted. tapered tail fin with square tip mounted on the dorsal spine. Large. USER COUNTRIES Austria. Tubular body blending into the delta wings. Fuselage. pointed nose and a bubble canopy mounted forward of the air intakes. single exhaust. . One turbojet located inside the body. double-delta extending from the canopy to the tail section. Oval air intakes in the leading edges of the wing roots.

Crew. Cannon. 8 in (17. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Yak-38 Forger. Japan. ASMs. rocket pods.9 m). Role. Mirage F1. fighter. Armament. Similar Aircraft. CAS.F-1 (MITSUBISHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions.86 m). Length: 58 ft. One. Span: 26 ft (7. AAMs. T-2 trainer--two. bombs. Super Etendard.

Tapers to the rear. . Engine(s). Semicircular air intakes well forward of the wing roots. High-mounted. Negative slant. Two turbofans. Flats high-mounted on the tapered fuselage. Long. USER COUNTRY Japan. slender with sharply pointed nose.Wings. Exhausts flare outward at the forward bottom of the overhanging tail section. Bubble canopy that blends with a tapered dorsal spine behind the cockpit. and tapered with square tips. Sawtooth in leading edges. Back-tapered fin with square tip. Tail. and tapered with square tips and a negative slant. Fuselage. swept-back. swept-back. tapering to the rear.

A-4 Skyhawk. Fighter-bomber. CAS. 5 in (11. Crew. bombs. reconnaissance.77 m). Role. ECM. Super Etendard. missiles. Span: 38 ft. Length: 63 ft (18.7 m). Two. rockets.F-4 PHANTOM II (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Buccaneer. USA. Similar Aircraft. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Jaguar. Cannon.

Sharply back-tapered fin with a square tip. Iran. Positive slanted wing tips. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Turkey. Tail.Wings. and semidelta with square tips. Israel. and a bubble cockpit. Japan. USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Rectangular midsection. USA. Germany. swept-back. Two engines inside the body with rectangular air intakes alongside the body in front of the wings. Fuselage. delta-shaped with a negative slant. There is a sawtooth in leading edges of the wings. Greece. pointed droopy nose. South Korea. Engine(s). Low-mounted. Twin exhausts beneath a large overhanging rear section. .

F-104 Starfighter. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Yak-38 Forger. Role.339. Fighter-bomber. CAS.F-5 FREEDOM FIGHTER/TIGER II (NORTHROP) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. F-5F and T-38 Talon--two. 8 in (8.14 m). Hawk. One. USA. Cannons. rockets.B. Length: 48 ft (14. Span: 26 ft. Armament. M.65 m). Crew. bombs.

North Yemen. Saudi Arabia. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. Thailand. Flats are low-mounted and unequally tapered. Fuselage. stubby. Venezuela. Bottom is flat from the air intakes to the dual exhausts. Bullet-shaped. Tunisia. and unequally tapered. Chile. Norway. Spain. long. Switzerland. semicircular air intakes forward of the wing roots. Bubble canopy. Singapore. Sudan. Shotgun exhausts. Turkey.Wings. Kenya. . Tail. Engine(s). Morocco. Malaysia. Iran. Jordan. Taiwan. Greece. Honduras. Canada. Indonesia. South Korea. Philippines. Brazil. Mexico. drooping pointed nose. Two engines inside the body. Missiles or fuel tanks are normally carried on the square tips. Fin is large and equally tapered with a square tip. Low-mounted.

Cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION .F-16 FIGHTING FALCON (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. missiles. Length: 47 ft. 8 in (14. Role. Armament.54 m). USA. Dimensions. Span: 31 ft (9. F/A-18 Hornet. Crew. Multirole ground-attack/fighter.46 m). Similar Aircraft. bombs. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Mirage F1. One. F-16B--two.

and a slight negative slant. slender body. Single exhaust. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. Denmark. USA. Bubble canopy. Israel. Oval air intake under the center of the fuselage. One in body. Engine(s). Missiles are normally mounted at the wing tips. widens at air intake. delta-shaped. tapered fin with square tip. delta-shaped with square tips. Portugal. Netherlands. Egypt. Tail. Taiwan. Norway. Turkey.Wings. Venezuela. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. Mid-mounted. Pointed nose. Thailand. Two belly fins. Greece. Belgium. Swept-back. . Pakistan. Fuselage. Long. Singapore. South Korea. Indonesia.

missiles. TF/A-18--two. Length: 56 ft (17. rockets. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 6 in (11. F-15 Eagle. USA. Span: 37 ft.F/A-18 HORNET (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. US Marine Corps fighter. Armament. bombs. Dimensions.08 m). Similar Aircraft. Su-27 Flanker. MiG-29 Fulcrum. strike.44 m). Crew. Role. Cannon. One. F-16 Fighting Falcon.

and tapered tail fins mounted forward on the fuselage. Two turbofans mounted in the aircraft rear section. Swept-back and tapered tail flats mid-mounted on the body. USER COUNTRIES Australia. pointed nose. Kuwait. Finland. Mid-mounted. Barrel-shaped with solid. Malaysia. Canada. Fins have an outward tilt. Oval air intakes under the wings. Bubble canopy. semidelta with prominent leading edge root extension on sides of fuselage from the wing to the front of the cockpit.Wings. Engine(s). Fuselage. Twin. Aircraft widens at the air intakes and tapers to the rear. . USA. Spain. Missiles are usually on square tips. Tail. swept-back.

Armament. Length: 54 ft. Dimensions.7 m). 9 in (16. Crew. Role. bombs. USA.7 m). missiles. Similar Aircraft. reconnaissance. One. WEFT DESCRIPTION . F-5 Freedom Fighter.F-104 STARFIGHTER (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 22 ft (6. F/A-18 Hornet. fighter. All-weather tactical strike. Cannon.

Wings. Taiwan. . with a negative slant. One turbojet in midsection of the body. thickens at the air intakes. About 1/3 of the fin overhangs the exhaust. Engine(s). Turkey. Italy. Missiles or fuel tanks at the square tips. Bubble canopy. Fuselage. Unequally tapered tail fin. Greece. USER COUNTRIES Germany. equally tapered. Mid-mounted. Tail flats are equally tapered with square tips mounted high on the tail fin forming a T. Tail. Long and slender. Semicircular air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Sharp-pointed nose.

Su-24 Fencer. bomber. Two. Role. Armament. Span: 63 ft (19. WEFT DESCRIPTION .3 m). (SRAMs. MiG-27 Flogger D. Cannon. Similar Aircraft. bombs.5 m). 6 in (22. missiles. Crew. Dimensions. All-weather strike. attack. ALCMs). USA. Tornado.F-111 AARDVARK (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 73 ft.

widens at the air intakes. . Two jet engines mounted inside the rear section. The intakes are 1/4 pie-shaped under the wings. High-mounted. sharp-pointed nose. and continues through the rear section. Engine(s). High-mounted. swept-back. Tail fin splits the dual exhaust. Tail. Large swept-back fin covering 1/3 of the body. USA. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Flush canopy. giving the aircraft a rounded appearance. and tapered with blunt tips (wingspan changes in flight). Fuselage. Long.Wings. variable. Twin exhausts. swept-back flats with square tips. square tip.

11 in (20. Crew. Span: 43 ft. precision bombing against high-priority targets. Dimensions. Bombs. Length: 65 ft. 4 in (13. Armament. Defense suppression.2 m). None. Similar Aircraft. One.F-117A NIGHT HAWK (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA.08 m). Role. missiles.

Fuselage. Pyramid and faceted appearance. USER COUNTRY USA. and tapered with square tips. No tail flats. Engine(s). Two turbofans mounted inside the body. pointed nose. . overwing air intakes. Tail. Rectangular. Narrow slotted “platypus” exhausts. Low-mounted. swept-back. Stepped-up cockpit. Sharp. Sharply swept-back and tapered.Wings. V-configured tail fins with square tips.

Q-5 (NANCHANG) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. 10 in (9. People’s Republic of China. bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Super Etendard. Role. Rockets. Similar Aircraft. Yak-38 Forger. 10 in (16. Mirage F1.74 m). missiles. One.FANTAN A.8 m). Dimensions. Length: 54 ft. Fighter-bomber. Span: 31 ft. Armament.

Engine(s). . USER COUNTRIES Bangladesh. Tail. Pointed nose. Pakistan. swept-back. Two turbojets are located inside the body. Wing fences. Bubble canopy. Thick. North Korea. Sharply swept-back tail fin with blunt tip. Semicircular air intakes. Fuselage. sharply swept-back. and upward taper to the rear section. Mid-mounted. People’s Republic of China. and tapered with square tips. Flats high-mounted on the body. and tapered with blunt tips.Wings. Two exhausts. flattened.

91Y (AERITALIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. G. G. Role. Fighter-bomber. A-7 Corsair II. 3 in (11. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Armament. Two 30-mm cannons.G. bombs. One.66 m). MiG-17 Fresco. 6 in (9 m). reconnaissance. Length: 38 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTIONS . rockets. missiles.91T--two. Italy. Span: 29 ft.91 Fiat. Crew. F-16 Fighting Falcon.

Engine(s). swept-back. Flat and thick with a pointed nose.Wings. Dual exhaust. . and tapered tail flats. USER COUNTRIES Angola(G. Low-mounted. High-mounted on body. swept-back.91R).91R). Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a blunt tip. and tapered with blunt tips. Oval air intake beneath the nose section. Two turbojets mounted in the fuselage.91R). Portugal(G. Fuselage. Germany(G. Italy. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose section. Tail.

48 m). Crew.B. Dimensions. M. rockets. Yugoslavia.B. 4 in (10. 326. Light-attack. Armament. M. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . One. Machine guns. Similar Aircraft. Span: 34 ft.GALEB/JASTREB (SOKO) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.36 m). 339A. Length: 34 ft (10. bombs.

Tail. One turbojet inside body. Rear of canopy is flush with the dorsal spine. the canopy. Rounded. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body extending from the rear of. USER COUNTRIES Bosnia-Herzogovina. Burma(Super Galeb). Libya. Zambia. . Flats low-mounted on the tail fin. and below. Yugoslavia. equally tapered with square tips. Engine(s). Fuselage. Fuel tanks are generally mounted at the square tips. Fin swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. and round nose.Wings. Bubble canopy. Low-mounted and slightly tapered. tapered to the rear.

Span: 31 ft (9. Length: 39 ft (11. Armament.326.94 m). rockets.B.42 m). Light-attack. Role.HAWK (BAe) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. trainer. AMX. Two. gun packs. UK. F-5 Freedom Fighter. Dimensions. Bombs. M. Alpha Jet. Similar Aircraft.

Saudi Arabia. Bubble canopy. swept-back. Malaysia. Low-mounted. Single exhaust. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Brunei. Club-shaped with pointed nose and a taper to the rear. . Finland. Fuselage. Tail. Indonesia. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Oman. Swept-back and tapered fin with a curved tip. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body forward of the wing roots. South Korea. swept-back. USA (T-45 Goshawk). UK. United Arab Emirates.Wings. One turbofan located inside the body. Kenya. and tapered. and tapered with curved tips. Kuwait.

trainer. UK. Span: 28 ft (8. Strike. Role. MiG-27 Flogger. Length: 51 ft (15. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Similar Aircraft. AMX. bombs. France.54 m). Crew. missiles. Armament.JAGUAR (BREGUET. Dimensions. Mitsubishi F-1. One. trainer--two. rockets. fighter. Cannon.54 m). F-4 Phantom II. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

swept-back. Engine exhausts show prominently under the forward portion of the tail. Oman. . chiseled nose. High-mounted. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage with a negative slant. Rectangular air intakes on sides of cockpit. Overhanging tail section. Tail. France. USER COUNTRIES Ecuador. and modified delta with blunt tips. Two belly fins. pointed. Nigeria. Long. India.Wings. Body widens at the air intakes rectangular to the exhausts. Tail flats and fin are swept-back and tapered with square tips. UK. Bubble canopy. Engine(s). Fuselage. Two turbofans mounted to the rear of the cockpit.

Israel.KFIR (IAI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 30-mm cannons. Mirage III/5.24 m). Ground-attack. One. trainer--two. interceptor. Length: 53 ft. Dimensions. Role. Similar Aircraft. Crew. Viggen. rockets. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION .36 m). 8 in (16. Span: 27 ft (8. missiles. bombs. Mirage 2000.

Ecuador. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a prominent step in the leading edge. Engine(s).Wings. Tail. Tube-shaped with long. USA. pointed nose. Body widens at the air intakes. Low-mounted. delta-shaped with a sawtooth in the leading edges. Israel. Bubble canopy flush with the spine. Small canards are mounted on the air intakes. Fuselage. No tail flats. Semicircular air intakes alongside the fuselage. single exhaust. solid. Large. USER COUNTRIES Colombia. One turbojet inside fuselage. .

rockets.4 m). 8 in (12. Role.L-39 ALBATROSS (AERO) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. light-attack. Trainer.1 m). Span: 31 ft (9. Pod-mounted gun pack. Armament. Two. bombs. Czechoslovakia. Hawk. Length: 39 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. Dimensions. Galeb/Jastreb. Similar Aircraft.

single exhaust. One turbofan inside body. Low-mounted. Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. Lithuania. Small. . Tube-shaped. Fuselage. Engine(s). Air intakes are semicircular and high-mounted on the fuselage aft of the cockpit. Romania. equally tapered with blunt tips. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Libya. Tail. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. tapering to the front and rear. equally tapered with wing tip tanks. Nigeria.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Czech Republic. Nicaragua. Egypt. Slovakia.

M. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 170 (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.4 m). Role. Light-attack. Crew. bombs. Armament. Missiles. rockets.B.06 m). Span: 37 ft. 326. trainer.B. Two. 5 in (11. 337. Similar Aircraft. machine guns. Length: 33 ft (10. France. M.MAGISTER CM.

and tapered to rear. Small exhausts located just forward of the tail section. tubular. Cameroon. Libya. Senegal. USER COUNTRIES Belgium. . Semicircular air intakes mounted in the wing roots. Rounded nose and long. Morocco. bubble canopy. back-tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage. Tail. Mid-mounted and back-tapered. Gabon. V-shaped tail fins that also serve as tail flats. Two turbojets mounted on sides of fuselage. Engine(s). Fuel tanks are usually at the square tips. Slender.Wings. Togo.

Rockets. 339A. Galeb/Jastreb. 326 (AERMACCHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 7 in (10. trainer. Armament. trainer--two. A-37 Dragonfly. Light-attack.M. missiles. Italy. Dimensions. Span: 35 ft.86 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION .66 m). M. Length: 35 ft (10. One. Similar Aircraft.B. Role. bombs.B. Crew. Hawk. gun pods.

Tapered pods mounted on square wing tips. Ghana.Wings. Tubular. Tail. tapers to rear. Flats high-mounted on the body. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. United Arab Emirates. . Round nose and a bubble canopy. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Zaire. Low-mounted and back-tapered leading edge with square tips. and blunt tips. Round air intakes in wing roots. Engine(s). Togo. Single exhaust protruding past tail section. Brazil. Tunisia. back-tapered leading edges. Zambia. Paraguay. Fuselage. One turbojet mounted inside the body.

B. M. Italy. Similar Aircraft. minigun. Role. ground-attack. missiles. ECM.B.86 m). Two. 339A (AERMACCHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.98 m). Crew. rockets. gun pods. Length: 36 ft (10. A-37 Dragonfly. Trainer. Hawk. Span: 35 ft.M. Armament. 339K--one. Dimensions. Bombs. Galeb-Jastreb. 8 in (10. 326. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Tubular. Fuel tanks are usually at the square tips. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. One turbojet inside the body. Low-mounted with back-tapered leading edge and straight trailing edge. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Tail. Italy. Peru. Positive slant. Engine(s). Single exhaust protrudes past tail. New Zealand. Nigeria. tapered to the front and to the rear. Ghana. bubble canopy and a curved dorsal spine. United Arab Emirates. . Malaysia. Flats high-mounted on the fuselage with tapered leading edges and blunt tips. Fuselage. Long.Wings. Oval air intakes in wing roots.

bombs. G.64 m). MiG-21 Fishbed. Crew. Armament.1 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Length: 36 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). rockets. Fighter-bomber. Su-17 Fitter. Role. 7 in (9.91Y. 5 in (11.MiG-17 FRESCO (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Three 23-mm cannons. MiG-19 Farmer. Span: 31 ft. One.

(J-5). Tanzania. Mali. Romania. and tapered with blunt tips. Vietnam. Short. swept-back. Guinea Republic. Somalia. Engine(s). small exhaust. Albania. . tapered to the rear. Fin is swept-back and tapered with rounded tip. cigar-shaped. Angola. People’s Republic of China (J-5). Cuba. Sudan.Wings. Ethiopia. swept-back. Congo. Fuselage. South Yemen. thick. North Korea. Flats are high-mounted on the tail fin. Sri Lanka. Guinea-Bissau. Flats and fin overhang the exhaust. North Yemen. Blunt nose and bubble canopy. round air intake in the nose. and tapered. One turbojet inside the body. Tail. Madagascar. Algeria. Mid-mounted. Single. Mongolia. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Wide wing roots.

Ground-attack. Length: 51 ft. bombs. trainer. Dimensions. Mirage III/5. Role. missiles. Fitters. rockets. Armament. Similar Aircraft. all models.MiG-21 FISHBED (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 5 in (7. MiG-21U Mongol--two. Crew. Span: 23 ft. Cannon. CIS (formerly USSR). A-4 Skyhawk.16 m). interceptor.78 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . One. 8 in (15.

Romania.Wings. Single exhaust. Finland. Mid-mounted delta wing with small square tips. Libya. North Korea. Congo. Mongolia. Nigeria. Large dorsal spine flush with the canopy. Zambia. Long. Engine(s). tubular body with a blunt nose and bubble canopy. One belly fin under the rear section. Cambodia. Azerbiajan. People’s Republic of China (J-7). Sri Lanka. swept-back. Sudan. Bulgaria. North Yemen. Albania (J-7). Mozambique. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Laos. Syria. Czech Republic. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Ethiopia. Zimbebwe. Iran. Gunea Republic. Angola. One turbojet inside the body. Vietnam. Algeria. Croatia. Fuselage. Small round air intake in the nose. India. Tanzania. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Pakistan (J-7). Mali. South Yemen. Germany. Poland. Cuba. Bangladesh. Tail. Madagascar. Kazakhstan. Burma. Hungary. 5-60 . and tapered with square tips. Slovakia. Yugoslavia. Iraq. Egypt.

26 m). Dimensions. One. Jaguar.6 m). Su-24 Fencer. Tornado. bombs. CIS (formerly USSR). Span: 46 ft.MiG-27 FLOGGER D. Ground-attack. rockets. 9 in (14. fighter. Missiles. Crew. Super Etendard. Similar Aircraft. Armament. cannon. Role. J (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. . Mirage F1. MiG-23 Flogger B/E/G. F-111. Length: 55 ft (16.

USER COUNTRIES Belarus. downwardsloping. variable. High-mounted. Rectangular box-like air intakes forward of the wing roots. Long. swept-back. Fuselage. Tail. . Single exhaust. swept-back. Large. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with curved dorsal in leading edge and angular tip. India. Long and tubular. sharply pointed nose. except where air intakes give a box-like appearance. One inside the body. Kazakhstan. Stepped canopy. CIS. and tapered belly fin under the rear section. Swept-back and tapered flats high-mounted on the fuselage with angular tips. and tapered with blunt tips.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Engine(s).

Missiles. F-16 Fighting Falcon. One. CIS (formerly USSR). WEFT DESCRIPTION .MiG-29 FULCRUM (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Armament. 10 in (15. F/A-18 Hornet. Dimensions. Attack. Length: 50 ft. 30-mm gun. Su-27 Flanker. counterair fighter. Role. 7 in (10. Crew. F-15 Eagle.26 m).6 m). Span: 33 ft.

High-mounted bubble canopy. Long. Fuselage. and the wings’ trailing edges end at a high-mounted point. Syria. LERXs are wide and curved down to the front. Czech Republic. canted outward with angular. pointed drooping nose. Swept-back and tapered with square tips. Malasia. and tapered with a negative slant. Hungary. Iraq. Slovakia. Twin jets are mounted low and to the sides of the fuselage. cutoff tips. Romania. Diagonal-shaped air intakes give a box-like appearance. North Korea. Ukraine. Fins have sharply tapered leading edges. CIS. Iran. . movable. Tail. Germany. thin. Large exhausts.Wings. LERX begins on the nose below the mid-mount point. USER COUNTRIES Belarus. Poland. Muldova. Engine(s). India. Flats are highmounted on the fuselage. Bulgaria. swept-back. slender body with long. Yugoslavia. Cuba.

MiG-21 Fishbed.02 m). Fantan A. Kfir C-2. 30-mm cannon. bombs. One. Ground-attack. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . rockets. Length: Mirage III: 49 ft. Dimensions.55 m).MIRAGE III/5 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. France.24 m). Span: 27 ft (8. trainer--two. Crew. Role. reconnaissance. 3 in (15. A-4 Skyhawk. Similar Aircraft. fighter. Viggen. Mirage 5: 51 ft (15.

Libya. . and tubular with a pointed nose and a bubble cockpit. Peru. Semicircular air intakes are forward of the wing roots below the canopy. Engine(s). Low-mounted delta wing with pointed tips. Colombia. Pakistan. single exhaust. Zaire. No tail flats. Tail. Large.Wings. Venezuela (Mirage 50). and tapered tail fin with a square tip. Egypt. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Chile (Mirage 5 and 50). Gabon. slender. Fuselage. Long. Large. Brazil. swept-back. France. One turbojet inside fuselage. Lebanon. South Africa. Switzerland.

94 m). fighter. Two 30-mm cannons. bombs. Length: 49 ft (14. Fantan A. Dimensions. France. Span: 27 ft. AV-8B Harrier II. Attack. Armament. 7 in (8. reconnaissance. Super Etendard. Mitsubishi F-1. WEFT DESCRIPTION .4 m). Similar Aircraft. missiles. One. trainer--two.MIRAGE F1 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. Role.

USER COUNTRIES France. Iraq. Kuwait. Greece. Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. and tapered with blunt tips. . Jordan.Wings. One turbojet in the body. Qatar. Tail. South Africa. swept-back. pointed nose and a blunt tail. Morocco. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage. Single exhaust. Missiles are usually mounted at the wing tips. Libya. Fuselage. Bubble canopy. Engine(s). Iran. Spain. and tapered. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body forward of the wing roots. High-mounted. Two small belly fins under the tail section. swept-back. slender. Long.

Similar Aircraft. O-1 Bird Dog. 5 in (8.SF. PC-7. Trainer. Role. rockets. bombs.36 m). Span: 27 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION .260W (SIAI-MARCHETTI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. light-attack. trainer--either two or three. One. Crew. Length: 23 ft. 3 in (7 m). Armament. Machine guns. Dimensions. Italy.

Burundi. Low-mounted and forward-tapered with fuel tanks mounted on the square tips. Nicaragua. United Arab Emirates. Sri Lanka. Oval. One piston engine mounted in the nose section. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage and back-tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Brunai. Zambia. Engine(s). tapers to the rear. Libya. Long. Tunisia. Singapore. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. bubble canopy. Philippines.Wings. Burkina Faso. Chad. Tail. .

Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . bombs. One. Role. Similar Aircraft.38 m). Span: 29 ft. MiG-21 Fishbed. CIS (formerly USSR). Two 30-mm cannon. 3 in (9 m). Ground-attack. Lightning. Dimensions. F-100 Super Sabre. Armament. Length: 57 ft (17. rockets.Su-7B FITTER A (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

Tail. Algeria. Bangladesh. . USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a blunt tip. and tapered with blunt tips. Large. Czech Republic. South Yemen. Long. bubble canopy.to low-mounted on the fuselage.to low-mounted (wings are mounted below center of aircraft) with wide wing roots. single exhaust. sweptback. Fuselage. Swept-back and tapered flats mid. Mid. Engine(s). North Korea. Circular air intake in the nose.Wings. tubular body with blunt nose and rear. Large. One in the body.

6 in (18.-20.-22 FITTER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. One. bombs. Role. rockets.8 m). Span: 45 ft (13. MiG-21 Fishbed. Su-7 Fitter. Armament. Length: 61 ft. missiles. G.91Y. Dimensions.76 m).Su-17. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew. Similar Aircraft. A-7 Corsair II. Ground-attack. Cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

. Mid. Flats mid. Hungary. Circular air intake in the nose. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Libya. South Yemen. Slovakia. One turbojet in the fuselage. Iraq. Wide wing roots. Large. Poland. single exhaust. Vietnam. and tapered with blunt tips.to low-mounted on the fuselage sweptback and tapered. Belarus. Bulgaria. Algeria. Azerbaijan. Large bubble canopy. Iran. Fuselage. Long. swept-back. Engine(s). North Yemen. CIS. Prominent dorsal spine on top of the body from the cockpit to the tail fin.to low-mounted (wings are mounted below the center). tubular with blunt nose and rear section.Wings. Tail. Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. variable. Peru. Czech Republic. Germany. Syria.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. Dimensions. MiG-23/-27 Flogger.26 m). missiles. strike. Span: 56 ft. Role. 6 in (17. CIS (formerly USSR). fighter-bomber. Two. Similar Aircraft. All-weather attack. F-15 Eagle.Su-24 FENCER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Tornado. Cannon. bombs. F-111. Armament. F-14 Tomcat. 6 in (20 m). Length: 69 ft.

and rectangular-shaped body from the air intakes to the exhausts. four pylons. USER COUNTRIES Azerbaijan. High-mounted. Ukraine. rectangular-shaped. and tapered. Air intakes are tapered away from the body. Dorsal spine extends from the cockpit to the tail. CIS. swept-back. variable. Fin swept-back and tapered with square tip. Twin turbofans. swept-back. slender. Twin exhausts. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Syria. and mounted on the body forward of the wings’ leading edges. solid nose. Long. Engine(s). Iran. Two belly fins. Bubble canopy. and tapered with angular tips. Kazakhstan. Libya.Wings. Fuselage. with pointed. Tail. Belarus. .

Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Cannon missiles. Similar Aircraft. Armament. 10 in (15. A-10A Thunderbolt II.6 m).Su-25 FROGFOOT (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. A-6 Intruder. Alpha Jet. bombs.6 m). Dimensions. rockets. Jaguar. CIS (formerly USSR). 6 in (14. Magister. CAS. AMX. ground-attack. Crew. Span: 50 ft. Length: 47 ft. One.

Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. Fuselage. Semicircular air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). Iraq. Azerbaijan. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. Bulgaria. Belarus. Slovakia. Exhausts to the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Two turbojets mounted alongside the body under the wings. Body tapers to the rear section that overhangs the exhausts. North Korea. Georgia. Stepped canopy. . High-mounted and back-tapered with straight trailing edges. CIS. Czech Republic. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Pods mounted at the square tips.Wings. Ukraine. slender. Iran. rounded nose. unequally tapered with blunt tips. Tail. Hungary. Long.

Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Fantan A. Missiles.62 m). Role.34 m). fighter. France. Yak-38 Forger. Span: 31 ft. Length: 47 ft (14. Mitsubishi F-1. 6 in (9. Armament. Similar Aircraft. Mirage F1. One. Strike.SUPER ETENDARD (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. bombs. cannon. Dimensions.

Tail. USER COUNTRY Argentina. Dorsal spine extends from the cockpit to midbody. France. Flats are low. Single exhaust. Mid-mounted. swept-back. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose. and tapered tail fin with curved tip. One turbojet inside the body. Fuselage. Engine(s). swept-back. Semicircular air intakes below the canopy.to mid-mounted on the tail fin. Long. swept-back. Body bulges at the air intakes and tapers to the rear. pointed nose. Large. Sawtooth in the leading edges. . and tapered with blunt tips.Wings. and tapered with blunt tips.

Su-24 Fencer.8 m). Armament. Interdictor strike. MiG-23/-27 Flogger. F-14 Tomcat. Dimensions. Span: 45 ft. Length: 55 ft. 9 in (16. UK. Two. Missiles. MBB. Role. Italy. bombs. cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION .TORNADO IDS (AERITALIA. Germany. F-15 Eagle. F-111. Crew. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. rockets. Similar Aircraft. 7 in (14 m).

Wings. Air intakes are diagonal and box-like alongside the fuselage forward of the wing roots. Body thickens at the midsection and tapers to the tail section. . and tapered with angular blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Germany. swept-back. Italy. Saudi Arabia. Tail. Solid needle nose. swept-back. Fuselage. variable. Tall. midmounted on the body. Bubble canopy. UK. swept-back. Two turbofans in body. Flats are large. Engine(s). Twin exhausts. and tapered with angular blunt tips. and tapered fin with blunt tip and a step in the leading edge. High-mounted.

gun pods. trainer--two. One. Cannon. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. missiles. Span: 34 ft.4 m). Multirole. Length: 53 ft. rockets. bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . fighter. 9 in (10. Kfir.7 m). Role. Crew. Sweden. 6 in (16.VIGGEN AJ-37 (SAAB) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. Mirage III/5.

One turbofan in the body. solid nose. Large. Large. Small. Main wings are low-mounted. Semicircular air intakes just forward and below the secondary wings. clipped tip. Fuselage.Wings. . Small belly fin. No tail flats. Engine(s). single exhaust. delta-shaped. Bubble canopy. clipped delta wings forward of the main wings and high-mounted on the body. Tail. extending from the body midsection to the exhaust. USER COUNTRY Sweden. unequally tapered fin with a small. Short and wide with pointed.

cannons. reconnaissance. rockets.36 m). Span: 41 ft (12. Two. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Bombs. Il-28 Beagle. Similar Aircraft. Fighter-bomber. Length: 70 ft (21.06 m). Crew. Armament. Role.Yak-28 BREWER (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). ECM.

Tail flats mid-mounted on the tail fin. Fuselage. glazed nose and is tapered to the rear section. and untapered from the engines to the large blunt tips. Ukraine.Wings. swept-back. Fin swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. High-mounted. Two turbojets in pods under the wings. Bubble canopy. Wide wing roots. . Engine(s). Belly fin under the rear section. swept-back. Pods extend well beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. USER COUNTRY CIS. and tapered with blunt tips. Long with pointed. Tail.

Mirage F1. attack. Fantan A. Role. fighter. Crew. bombs. Span: 24 ft. 7 in (7. One. Dimensions. Forger B--two. Super Etendard.5 m). strike. WEFT DESCRIPTION . rockets. Cannon. 6 in (16 m). Armament. CIS (formerly USSR). VSTOL. Length: 52 ft.Yak-38 FORGER (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. AV-8B Harrier II. missiles. Similar Aircraft.

Bubble canopy. and tapered with a negative slant. Two exhausts on the bottom of the rear fuselage. Mid-mounted.Wings. swept-back. USER COUNTRY CIS. Long with pointed nose and tapered tail section. Engine(s). One turbo and two lift jets. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Large. . semicircular air intakes below the cockpit well forward of the wings. delta-shaped with blunt tips and a negative slant. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with square angular tip and a small step in the leading edge. Fuselage. Tail.

Chapter 6 Aircraft List F-14 Tomcat MiG-25 Foxbat Su-15 Flagon . and aircraft manufacturer information. The following illustration shows fighter aircraft WEFT description features. user countries. For each aircraft. Their inclusion in this manual is for soldier interest and to cover likely aircraft present in a theater of operation. although some of the aircraft have ground-attack capabilities. WEFT descriptions. Line drawings are not to scale.CHAPTER 6 Air Superiority and Interceptor Aircraft The normal operating ceiling for most of these aircraft will generally keep them out of range of individual or crew-served weapons. general data. there are line drawings. photographs.

Su-27 Flanker Tornado ADV . .F-15 Eagle MiG-19 Farmer MiG-23 Flogger B MiG-31 Foxhound Mirage 2000 .

Missiles.54 m). Tornado. Su-27 Flanker. USA. cannon. Role.F-14 TOMCAT (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Crew. Length: 62 ft (19 m). Similar Aircraft. Air superiority fighter. interceptor. Span: 64 ft (19. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Su-24 Fencer. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Two. F-15 Eagle.

swept-back. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage. and slanted outward. variable. . Engine(s). High-mounted. Dual exhausts. Long.Wings. Diagonally shaped. Pointed nose. and tapered. Bubble canopy. swept-back. slender. Two turbofans in the fuselage. and box-like from the air intakes to the rear section. Twin tail fins. Fuselage. swept-back. tapered. and tapered with curved tips. box-like air intakes alongside the fuselage. Tail. USA. USER COUNTRIES Iran.

One. Air-to-air missiles. Crew. F-14 Tomcat.6 m). Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). Intercepter. Length: 70 ft (21. MiG-31 Foxhound.34 m). Armament. F-15 Eagle. Role. Dimensions. reconnaissance.MiG-25 FOXBAT (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 41 ft (12.

sweptback. Tail. Twin. and tapered fins with angular tips. swept-back. Two turbojets. Box-like from the air intakes to rear section. sweptback. Dual exhaust. Belarus. Large rectangular air intakes below the canopy and forward of the wing roots. Syria.to low-mounted on fuselage. Iraq. Bubble canopy. Long and slender with solid. Fuselage. Engine(s). Ukraine. Azerbaijan. and tapered with square tips. pointed nose. Bulgaria. Flats mid. and tapered with angular tips. USER COUNTRIES Algeria.Wings. . High-mounted. CIS.

Role. gunpack. Length: 68 ft (20. 5 in (10. Super Etendard. One. air superiority. Crew. Dimensions. MiG-21 Fishbed. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 34 ft.Su-15 FLAGON (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Flagon C--two. Armament. Similar Aircraft. Missiles.5 m). CIS (formerly USSR). Interceptor.7 m).

Ukraine. . Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. Two turbojets in the fuselage. Mid-mounted delta with square tips. and mid-mounted on the fuselage. Bullet-shaped nose and a bubble canopy. Tail. Fuselage. Flats are swept-back. USER COUNTRY CIS. Rectangular from the air intakes to the tail. Engine(s). Georgia.Wings. Two exhausts. tapered.

trainer--two. Missiles. One. interceptor. USA.45 m). Crew. Length: 63 ft. Su-24 Fencer. Dimensions.05 m). 9 in (13. F-14 Tomcat. Similar Aircraft. 9 in (19. Span: 42 ft. Armament. cannon.F-15 EAGLE (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. MiG-29 Fulcrum. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Air superiority fighter. Su-27 Flanker. Tornado. Role.

box-like center section that tapers slightly to the front and rear. . box-like air intakes alongside the fuselage. Japan. Dual exhausts.Wings. USA. semidelta with angular. straight trailing edges. and a large sawtooth in the leading edges. and square tips. Large. and tapered with angular. Two mounted in the rear. Fuselage. Diagonally-shaped. Saudi Arabia. swept-back. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Israel. Two fins with tapered leading edges. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. Tail. blunt tips. High-mounted. blunt tips. Long. pointed nose and a bubble canopy.

Similar Aircraft. capable of attacking ground targets.1 m). CIS (formerly USSR). MiG-17 Fresco. Length: 42 ft. Interceptor. bombs. cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 6 in (9 m). Role. Dimensions. Crew. 11 in (13. Span: 29 ft. One. Missiles. Armament.MiG-19 FARMER (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

Wing fences. Egypt. swept-back. Fin sharply swept-back and tapered with blunt tips. Mid-mounted. Flats high-mounted on the fuselage and sweptback with blunt tips. Tail. . Bangladesh (J-6). North Korea (J-6). Single. Tanzania. Fuselage. and tapered with blunt tips. Cuba.Wings. round air intake in the nose. USER COUNTRIES Albania (J-6). Zambia. Sudan. Wide wing roots. Long. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose. tube-shaped. Two turbojets mounted inside the body. People’s Republic of China (J-6). Cambodia (F-6). Dual exhausts. Burma (J-6). and tapers slightly to the blunt nose and widens to the exhausts. Pakistan (J-6). Engine(s).

Span: 46 ft. One. Role.26 m). Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). Length: 55 ft (16. Dimensions. Tornado. MiG-27 Flogger D. 9 in (14. cannon. fighter.6 m). F-111. Armament. MiG-23U and -23C--two. WEFT DESCRIPTION .MiG-23 FLOGGER B (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. Interceptor. Su-24 Fencer. Missiles.

Algeria. Fuselage. Czech Republic. Germany. Syria. Belarus. variable. box-like air intakes forward of the wing roots. Angola. High-mounted. Cuba. Swept-back and tapered tail fin has a curved dorsal in the leading edge and an angular tip. Stepped canopy. Tail.Wings. swept-back. Iraq. India. except where intakes give a box-like appearance. . South Yemen. North Korea. Sudan. Single exhaust. Large. Ethiopia. Romania. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Long. swept-back. Engine(s). Hungary. Rectangular. CIS. and tapered belly fin under the rear section. Poland. Kazakhstan. Bulgaria. Vietnam. Long and tubular. and tapered with blunt tips. One turbofan inside the body. Libya. Ukraine. Sweptback and tapered flats are high-mounted on the fuselage with angular tips. pointed nose.

Armament. Missiles.5 m). F-14 Tomcat. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. Interceptor. cannon. air superiority. Dimensions. Crew. 5 in (21. Role. Length: 70 ft. Span: 45 ft. Two. CIS (formerly USSR).MiG-31 FOXHOUND (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. F-15 Eagle. 9 in (14 m). MiG-25 Foxbat.

Rectangular and diagonal cut air intakes on sides of the fuselage. mid. . Bubble canopy. USER COUNTRY CIS. Four underwing pylons. Rectangular from the intakes to the exhausts. Tail. High-mounted and swept-back with square tips and a negative slant. Fins back-tapered with angular tips and canted outward.Wings. Two turbofans in the fuselage. Flats swept-back and tapered. Long. Exhausts extend beyond the tail plane. Engine(s). Fuselage. pointed nose.to lowmounted on the body.

France.3 m). Kfir. Mirage III/5. Mirage 2000N--two. Missiles. 3 in (15. 5 in (9 m). Dimensions. One. Role. Viggen. cannon. Crew. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. Interceptor.MIRAGE 2000 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 29 ft. Length: 50 ft.

single exhaust protrudes past the tail. Semicircular air intakes alongside the fuselage forward of the wings. USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Quatar. Tail. One turbofan mounted in the fuselage. France.Wings. United Arab Emirates. Fuselage. Large. No tail flats. Peru. Tube-shaped with pointed nose and a bubble canopy. India. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a clipped tip. Low-mounted delta with clipped tips. Greece. Engine(s). .

air superiority. Role. cannon. One. Interceptor. F-15 Eagle. 6 in (14. CIS (formerly USSR). Armament.5 m). Dimensions. Span: 47 ft. Missiles. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Crew.Su-27 FLANKER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. F-14 Tomcat. Length: 69 ft (21 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Rectangular from air intakes to the tail. and tapered. diagonally-cut air intakes mounted under the wings alongside the fuselage. Tail. Square. Semidelta with square tips. CIS. Flats are midmounted.Wings. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. People's Republic of China. LERX extends downward and forward of the wing roots. Ukraine. Germany. . Mid-mounted. Engine(s). swept-back. Fuselage. Two turbojets in the fuselage. tapered with square tips. USER COUNTRIES Belarus. and mounted outboard of the engines. Fins swept-back.

UK. 3 in (18. Span: 45 ft. Crew. cannon. Length: 59 ft. Air defense variant interceptor. Su-24 Fencer. 7 in (13.TORNADO ADV (BAe) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. F-15 Eagle. Two.06 m). Similar Aircraft. Armament. Missiles. Dimensions.9 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . F-14 Tomcat.

midmounted on the body. variable. Tail. Tall. Two turbofans inside body. High-mounted. blunt tips. and tapered with angular. Fuselage. Engine(s). swept-back. USER COUNTRIES UK. Solid. swept-back. Flats are large. Body thickens at midsection and tapers to the tail section. . Twin exhausts. Saudi Arabia. swept-back.Wings. needle nose. Air intakes diagonal and box-like alongside the fuselage forward of the wing roots. Bubble cockpit. and tapered fin with curved tip and a step in the leading edge. and tapered with blunt tips.

The following illustration shows bomber aircraft WEFT description features. When these type aircraft fly at their low altitudes. general data. Modern bomber aircraft can fly at low altitudes for very long distances.CHAPTER 7 Bomber Aircraft This chapter includes bomber aircraft of several countries. Armament for these lethal machines has been modernized to include air-launched cruise missiles and short-range attack missiles. photographs. Line drawings are not to scale. . user countries. and aircraft manufacturer information. WEFT descriptions. there are line drawings. For each aircraft. observers will be able to detect and recognize them. in addition to a huge assortment of nuclear and nonnuclear munitions.

Tu-26 Backfire Tu-95 Bear Tu-160 Blackjack . .Chapter 7 Aircraft List B-1B Lancer B-2 B-52 Stratofortress Canberra Il-28 Beagle Tu-16 Badger Tu-22 Blinder .

Supersonic. bombs.8 m). Armament. Tu-26 Backfire.7 m). Four. Length: 146 ft. 8 in (41. SRAMs. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . ALCMs. Crew.B-1B LANCER (ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 8 in (44. Role. Tu-160 Blackjack. USA. Span: 136 ft. long-range bomber. Dimensions.

Flats mid-mounted on fin. USER COUNTRY USA. . Tapered tail section overhangs the exhausts. Stepped canopy. Long. and tapered with blunt tips. Swept-back. Leading edge root extension. variable. Four exhausts.Wings. Tail. swept-back. Flattened belly except for engine pods. Tail cone. Four turbofans. Fuselage. swept-back. tapered fin with square tip. Body widens progressively from the LERX through the exhausts. pointed nose and tail. Square air intakes under the wings. two side-by-side pods on each side of the fuselage. Engine(s). Low-mounted. and tapered with blunt tips. slender.

No tail flats or fins. Role. bulging spine.43 m) WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Tail.03 m). . swept-back leading edges. Sea mines. Bombs both tactical and nuclear. Cruise and attack missiles. Straight. None. Armament. Similar Aircraft.B-2 (NORTHROP) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Engine(s). Length: 69 ft (21. Fuselage. USA. Flush cockpit. Two. Dimensions. Blended flying wing with sharp pointed nose. "double-W" trailing edges and square tips. Four turbofans mounted in pairs within wing structure. Exhausts overwing. Crew. Span: 172 ft (52. Low-observable strategic bomber. USER COUNTRY USA. Provisions for three.

Armament. Crew.4 m). Span: 185 ft (56. Strategic bomber. USA. ALCMs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . SRAMs. Tu-95 Bear. Dimensions. cannon. Similar Aircraft. Bombs.6 m).B-52 STRATOFORTRESS (BOEING) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Length: 157 ft. 7 in (48. Six.

Engines extend forward of the wings’ leading edges. swept-back. Long. Flats mid-mounted on fuselage. slender. Engine(s). High-mounted.Wings. swept-back. USER COUNTRY USA. and tapers to the rear. tapered nose. and tapered with blunt tips. Tail. Fuselage. Stepped cockpit. and tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. Solid. Swept-back and tapered fin with square tip. . Eight turbofans suspended in four pairs from pylons beneath the wings.

trainer. UK.4 m). ECM. USA. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Light bomber. Dimensions. night interdictor. Span: 63 ft. Two. I1-28 Beagle. cannons.CANBERRA (ENGLISH ELECTRIC. 11 in (19. Crew. missiles. Role. Armament. BAC) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Similar Aircraft. rockets. Bombs. 6 in (20 m). EW. reconnaissance. Length: 65 ft.

Fin is unequally tapered with a blunt tip. Exhausts are to the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Bubble canopy. or glassed-in nose. Engine(s). Flats high-mounted on fuselage tapered with rounded tips and a positive slant. Tail.Wings. . straight from the fuselage to the engine pods and equally tapered from engine pods to the blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Two turbojets or turbofans are mounted in the wings. Round. Fuselage. UK. Air intakes are forward of the wings’ leading edges. Peru. mid-mounted wing. solid. Wide. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear.

11 in (17.5 m).6 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION .Il-28 BEAGLE (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Yak-28 Brewer. Crew. Similar Aircraft. Span: 70 ft. 5 in (21. Length: 57 ft. Light bomber. Canberra. trainer. CIS (formerly USSR). Bombs. Armament. Role. two 23-mm cannons in tail. Three.

USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Two turbojets mounted beneath the wings in pods. and tapered with blunt tips. Tubular and cigar-shaped tapering to the rear. North Korea (H-5).Wings. Tail. Fuselage. Flats are low-mounted on the fin. swept-back. Engine(s). Fin is swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. Rounded. glassed-in nose. Bubble canopy. . High-mounted with straight leading edge and forward-tapered trailing edge with blunt tips. People’s Republic of China (H-5). A glassed-in tail gunner compartment is to the rear of the tail. Pods extend beyond wings’ leading and trailing edges.

Armament. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION .Tu-16 BADGER (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 108 ft (32. ECM. Strategic bomber. None in this manual. Six. Bombs. cannon.9 m). CIS (formerly USSR). Length: 114 ft (34. Role. Crew. missiles. Similar Aircraft. ELINT.8 m).

Round. Fences on top of wings. Long.Wings. Ukraine. slender. Swept-back. and bulging where the engines are mounted and tapered to the tail. Tail. Landing gear pods extend beyond wings’ trailing edges. Round air intakes. tapered fin and flats with blunt tips. swept-back. Egypt. . Tail gunner compartment. Two turbojets mounted in wing roots extend beyond the leading and trailing edges of the wing root. Mid-mounted. Iraq. and tapered with blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Flats low-mounted on the fin. People’s Republic of China (H-6). Fuselage. Stepped cockpit. glassed-in nose. Engine(s).

Three.Tu-22 BLINDER (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Bomber.5 m).75 m). missiles. Armament. None in this manual. Span: 91 ft (27. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). Role. Crew. cannon. Dimensions. Bomber. reconnaissance. ELINT. Length: 133 ft (40.

Tail. Two turbojets low-mounted on the tail fin. . Ukraine. Iraq. Fin is swept-back. Landing gear pods extend beyond wings’ trailing edges. Wide wing root. Libya. and tapered with square tip. and tapered with square tips. and tapered with square tips.Wings. Low-mounted. Round air intakes. pointed nose. Stepped cockpit. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Tube-shaped with solid. swept-back. swept-back. Flats low-mounted on the fuselage. Engine(s).

Tu-160 Blackjack. CIS (formerly USSR). Similar Aircraft. Strategic medium bomber. Span: 115 ft (35 m). maritime reconnaissance. missiles. Dimensions. Four. Armament. Crew. cannon. Bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 138 ft (42 m). B-1B Lancer.Tu-26 BACKFIRE (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role.

Large. swept-back. Tail. variable. Flats are mid-mounted on body. and tapered with curved tips. Stepped cockpit. and tapered with blunt tips. rectangular air intakes. Wide wing root. Ukraine.Wings. Long and slender with solid. USER COUNTRIES CIS. pointed nose. Fuselage. Body is rectangular from the air intakes to the exhausts. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Engine(s). Dual exhausts. . swept-back. Two turbofans mounted in body. Mid-mounted.

1 m).5 m). two 23-mm cannons in the tail. Bombs. cruise missiles. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 162 ft. Span: 167 ft. Strategic bomber. 8 in (51. CIS (formerly USSR).Tu-95 BEAR (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. also maritime. missiles. Unknown. 5 in (49. B-52 Stratofortress. Crew. Similar Aircraft. Armament.

Tube-shaped with rounded nose. Engine nacelles extend well beyond the wings’ leading edges. tapers to the rear. Tail. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. . Tail gun compartment. and tapered with blunt tips. swept-back. USER COUNTRIES CIS. and tapered. Four turboprops with contrarotating propellers located on the wings. Engine(s). swept-back. India (Bear F). Fuselage. Stepped cockpit.Wings. Ukraine. Mid-mounted. Flats low-mounted on the fin.

7 m). Four. Length: 177 ft (54 m). Span: 182 ft. 9 in (55. missiles. Similar Aircraft. Strategic bomber. Bombs.Tu-160 BLACKJACK (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. CIS (formerly USSR). Role. Armament. Dimensions. Tu-26 Backfire. B-1B Lancer. ALCMs.

Many of these aircraft have very similar recognition features because they were all designed to perform similar. WEFT descriptions. specific missions such as operating from short. there are line drawings. or fields. user countries. Modern cargo and transport aircraft are manufactured with high-mounted straight wings which allow greater lift and better control at low speeds and altitudes. and aircraft manufacturer information. Line drawings are not to scale. For each aircraft.CHAPTER 8 Cargo and Transport Aircraft This chapter provides examples of cargo and transport aircraft. roads. general data. . The following illustration shows cargo and transport aircraft WEFT description features. unimproved runways. photographs.

C-8A C-5 Galaxy Caribou.222 Il-14 Crate Il-76 Candid .Chapter 8 Aircraft List An-12 Cub An-24 Coke. C-7A C-17A Globemaster III C-123 Provider C-130 Hercules C-141B Starlifter C-160 Transall DC-3 Dakota G. An-26 Curl An-32 Cline An-72 Coaler An-124 Condor Aviocar C-212 Buffalo.

An-12 CUB (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. ELINT. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 124 ft. Medium-cargo/transport (100 equipped troops. and weapons). C-130 Hercules. C-160 Transall. Six. 4 in (37 m). Twin 23-mm cannons in tail. Crew. Role. Similar Aircraft. ECM. vehicles. CIS (formerly USSR). Dimensions.222. Length: 121 ft. Armament. 8 in (38 m). G.

Upswept rear section. back-tapered leading edges. Engine(s). Bulgaria. Round. slender body with stepped cockpit and glassed-in nose. Syria (Y-12). Yugoslavia. and blunt tips. Sri Lanka. Landing gear pods bulge at lower body midsection. . Egypt. Poland. Czech Republic. Fuselage. People’s Republic of China (Y-12). Two 23-mm guns in tail turret. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Iraq. Ethiopia. straight trailing edges. India. Four turboprop engines mounted under the wings’ leading edges. Tail. Afghanistan. Slovakia. CIS. South Yemen. Fin is tapered with a blunt tip and a step in the leading edge.Wings. Flats are unequally tapered with blunt tips and mounted high on the fuselage. High-mounted with drooping outer wing panels.

small vehicles). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 95 ft. Similar Aircraft. An-26 CURL (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament.2 m). Role. Five. An-32 Cline. CIS (formerly USSR). 2 in (23. paratroop. Crew. cargo (40 equipped troops. IL-20 Coot. Dimensions. P-3C Orion. light-transport. 9 in (29.An-24 COKE. Usually none. An-12 Cub. Length: 77 ft. Short haul.54 m).

Fin is back-tapered with a blunt tip and angular fairing. Laos. slender. Nicaragua. Tail. Somalia. Mozambique. Two turboprops mounted in pods beneath the wings. Germany. People’s Republic of China (Y-7). Vietnam. Pods extend beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. Yugoslavia. Zambia. Benin. Cape Verde. backtapered with blunt tips. Madagascar. Romania. Bulgaria. Congo. Czech Republic. Solid. South Yemen. Hungary. Engine(s). and have a positive slant. Mongolia. upswept rear section. Cambodia. Fuselage. Bangladesh. Poland. Long. Cuba. Angola. CIS. Stepped cockpit. Flats are high-mounted on the body. High-mounted and equally tapered from the engines to the blunt tips. . rounded nose. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Mali.Wings. North Korea. Slovakia. Iraq. Libya. Ethiopia. Syria.

Five. An-24 Coke. Armament. Crew. small vehicles). cargo (39 equipped troops. An-26 Curl. Role.An-32 CLINE (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions.75 m). Short.to medium-range. WEFT DESCRIPTION .2 m). Length: 78 ft (23. airdrop. Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). Span: 95 ft. Usually none. light-transport. 9 in (29.

Flats are high-mounted on the body. Cuba. . Long. Engine(s). back-tapered with blunt tips. Tail. and have a positive slant. Stepped cockpit. Fin is unequally tapered with blunt tip and angular fairing. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Fuselage. Two turboprops mounted in pods over the wings. High-mounted and equally tapered from the engines to the blunt tips.Wings. India. Mongolia. upswept rear section and solid. rounded nose. Peru. Pods extend beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. tubular.

Crew.84 m).222. Length: 87 ft. 2 in (26. C-160 Transall. G. Three. Dimensions.56 m). STOL. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. Medium-transport.An-72 COALER (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 84 ft. 9 in (25. None. CIS (formerly USSR). Armament. Role.

Circular with round. High-mounted and back-tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. upswept rear section. USER COUNTRY CIS. Back-tapered flats high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Swept-back. and a flush cockpit. untapered fin. Engine(s). Two turbofans in long pods mounted on top of the wings.Wings. Round air intakes extend from the front of the wings’ leading edges. solid nose. Fuselage. . Tail.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 240 ft. None. Six--seven with loadmaster. C-5B Galaxy. Strategic transport.An-124 CONDOR (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-17A Globemaster III.3 m). 5 in (73. Length: 226 ft. Armament. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew. Similar Aircraft. Role. 3 in (69 m).

Wings. Engine(s). and tapered with curved tips. . rounded nose and tapers to the rear. High-mounted. Fuselage. swept-back. Tail. Negative slant. and mid-mounted on the body. Fin swept-back and tapered with rounded tips. USER COUNTRY CIS. tapered. Flats swept-back. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under the wings. Stepped canopy. oval. Thick.

222. Armament. light-utility transport (18 equipped troops. airdrop. Two. Role. C-123 Provider.18 m). light tactical vehicles). 9 in (15. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 49 ft. 4 in (19. Similar Aircraft. STOL. C-160 Transall. Crew. Dimensions.AVIOCAR C-212 (CASA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Usually none. G. Span: 62 ft. Spain.12 m).

Somalia. Nicaragua. Stepped cockpit. Tail. . Venezuela. Sudan. Two turboprops mounted in pods under the wings’ leading edges. Fin is equally tapered with a square tip. Engine(s). Ghana. Fuselage. Flats are mid-mounted on the body and tapered with square tips. Mexico. cigar-shaped with flat bottom and upswept rear section.Wings. Paraguay. Portugal. Saudi Arabia. Equatorial New Guinea. Thick. High-mounted and unequally tapered from midwing to the square tips. South Africa. Straight fairing in the leading edge. Chad. Spain. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Panama.

Usually none.08 m). 1/4-ton vehicles. Span: 96 ft (29. Armament. Length: 79 ft (24.BUFFALO. C-8A (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. STOL transport. Crew. Canada (DHC-5. Role.26 m). Three. WEFT DESCRIPTION . C-7A Caribou. CC-115). cargo (41 troops. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. and freight).

Tanzania. Zambia. Flats are equally tapered with blunt tips and high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Egypt. Togo. Brazil. Tail. Stepped cockpit. .Wings. Oman. Canada. Honduras. Mexico. United Arab Emirates. Kenya. rounded nose. Cameroon. Zaire. Upswept rear section. and equally tapered outboard of engines to the blunt tips. Fin is slightly swept-back and tapered with square tip. Sudan. USA. Two turboprops mounted under the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). Slab-sided with solid. Ecuador. Fuselage. Ethiopia. Mauritania. Peru. straight from body to engines. USER COUNTRIES Abu Dhabi. High-mounted.

8 in (67. 10 in (75. Dimensions. C-141 Starlifter. Span: 222 ft. Length: 247 ft. Usually none. helicopters). weapons. Il-76 Candid. heavy-cargo (armored vehicles. An-124 Condor. USA. C-17A Globemaster III. Role.54 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament.C-5 GALAXY (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.88 m). Similar Aircraft. Six. Heavy-transport (345 equipped troops). Crew.

Landing gear bulges at lower midsection. . and tapered to tail section. Four turbofans.Wings. Fuselage. Stepped cockpit. Tail. Swept-back. cigar-shaped. rounded nose. Slightly tapered. tapered tail fin forming a T. Upswept rear section. USER COUNTRY USA. tapered tail flats and high-mounted on a swept-back. High-mounted. and tapered with curved tips and negative slant. and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges. swept-back. Engine(s). suspended on pylons. Round air intakes. Large.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . 1/4-ton trucks). Role. Three. STOL utility transport (32 equipped troops. Canada (DHC-4A. Crew.16 m). 2 in (29. Buffalo C-8A. Length: 72 ft.14 m). Similar Aircraft. Usually none. CC-108). Dimensions. C-7A (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.CARIBOU. Armament. DHC-5. Span: 95 ft. 7 in (22.

Upswept rear section. Large fin tapered with blunt tip. USA. Thailand. . Malaysia. Slab-sided with solid. Two piston engines mounted in wings’ leading edges. USER COUNTRIES Ecuador. High-mounted with straight leading edge and forward-tapered trailing edge from engines to the blunt tips. Fuselage. Spain.to low-mounted on tail fin and tapered with blunt tips. Tail. Engine(s). Stepped cockpit. India. rounded nose.Wings. Engine nacelles extend beyond leading edges. Flats mid.

Role. C-5 Galaxy. Five with loadmaster. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Dimensions.29 m). heavy equipment. C-141B Starlifter.04 m).C-17A GLOBEMASTER III (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 174 ft (53. Span: 165 ft (50. helicopters). None. Armament. Il-76 Candid. Similar Aircraft. USA. Long-range and intra-theatre heavy cargo transport (troops.

Round intakes. High-mounted. Upswept rear section. USER COUNTRIES USA. negative slant. Engine(s). tapered. Flush cockpit and a round nose. mounted high on fin forming a "T". Tail. swept-back. tapered.Wings. Fuselage. Flats swept-back. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under wings. Fin swept-back and untapered. Round and tapers to tail cone. . Winglets at wing tips.

53 m). STOL transport. Armament. Span: 110 ft (33. C-160 Transall. Dimensions. . Similar Aircraft.93 m). Role. Four.C-123 PROVIDER (FAIRCHILD) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 3 in (23. Crew. Usually none. Aviocar C-212. G. cargo (60 equipped troops).222. USA. Length: 76 ft.

Fuselage. angular fairing. Two piston engines mounted under the wings. Honduras. USA. Taiwan. Upswept rear section and solid. . High-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips. Egypt. USER COUNTRIES Canada. South Korea. cigar-shaped. Tail. El Salvador. rounded nose. Two jet engines mounted under the wings outboard of the piston engines or the wing tips on some models. Wide. Flats are high-mounted on the body and unequally tapered with square tips.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Venezuela. Engine(s). Back-tapered fin with square tip and a large. Stepped cockpit. Thailand.

low-level extraction. Dimensions. except AC-130G gunship. cargo (92 equipped troops. gunship. . Length: 97 ft.78 m). C-160 Transall.41 m). Crew. 9 in (29. reconnaissance. airdrop. light-tactical vehicles). G. Transport. Span: 132 ft. Armament. 7 in (40. Similar Aircraft. Role.222. Usually none. USA. An-12 Cub. air refueling.C-130 HERCULES (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Four.

Four turboprops mounted under and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Egypt. Flats equally tapered and high-mounted on the body. Denmark. Chile. Japan. Engine(s). Morocco. . Libya. UK. Malaysia. Fuselage. Upswept rear section. Argentina. Jordan. Tall tail fin tapered with a blunt tip. High-mounted with straight leading edges. Singapore. Spain. USA. forward tapered trailing edges. Niger. Philippines. New Zealand. Italy. Venezuela. Canada. Ecuador. blunt nose. Peru. Sudan. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. UAE. Yemen. Israel. France. Cameroon. Pakistan. Norway. Belgium. Greece. Saudi Arabia. Honduras. Zaire. Colombia. Turkey. Oman. and blunt tips. Vietnam. Wide and circular with solid. Mexico. Taiwan. Tail. Thailand. Africa. Brazil. Nigeria. Sweden. Portugal. Australia.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Stepped cockpit. Indonesia. Iran. Bolivia. Korea.

Transport. and weapons).C-141B STARLIFTER (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 160 ft (48. C-5A Galaxy. tactical vehicles. USA. Usually none. Il-76 Candid. Similar Aircraft. Role. 4 in (51.76 m). Length: 168 ft. cargo (154 equipped troops. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. C-17A Globemaster III. Crew. Dimensions.30 m). Four.

Wings. Fuselage. Small fairing in leading edge of the fin. Engines extend forward of the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). Swept-back and tapered flats mounted high on a swept-back and tapered tail fin forming a T. and tapered. High-mounted. USER COUNTRY USA. Negative slant and blunt tips. Solid. rounded nose and flush cockpit. . Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear. Landing gear bulges at lower midsection. Four turbofans suspended from pylons under the wings. Tail. swept-back.

. C-123 Provider. An-12 Cub. cargo (93 equipped troops. airborne command.222. MBB) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Span: 131 ft. 3 in (32. Role. EW. 3 in (40 m).4 m). surveillance. G. Dimensions. Crew. Length: 106 ft. Similar Aircraft. Three. Germany. Armament.C-160 TRANSALL (AEROSPATIALE. tactical vehicles). Aviocar C-212. airdrop. Transport. Usually none. France. C-130 Hercules.

Tail. . Two turboprops mounted under and extend beyond wings’ leading edges. solid nose. USER COUNTRIES France. High-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips. Fin is tall and tapered with a blunt tip and a fairing in the leading edge. equally tapered with blunt tips. thick. Engine(s). Germany. Turkey. South Africa. Fuselage. Flats mid-mounted on thinned body. Long. and tapered to the rear with round.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Stepped cockpit and upswept tail section.

Usually none except modified gunship. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Five. 5 in (19. cargo (35 equipped troops). Armament. Role. Medium-transport. I1-14 Crate. Span: 95 ft (28. USA. Crew.96 m). Similar Aircraft. Dimensions.DC-3 DAKOTA (DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.63 m). Length: 64 ft.

Bolivia. Mexico. Solid. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Two piston engines mounted in the wing’s leading edges. . Taiwan. Fuselage. Central Africa Republic. Colombia. Venezuela. Burkina Faso. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Turkey. Fin tapered with a rounded tip. Burundi. Has rounded tips and positive slant. Israel. Congo. Chad. Club-shaped and tapered to the rear. Mozambique. Japan. El Salvador. Tail. Guatemala. Greece. There are also turboprop versions. Haiti. Papua New Guinea. Low-mounted with unequally tapered leading and trailing edge. Engine(s). Dominican Republic. round nose and a stepped cockpit. Paraguay. Zambia. with round tips. Rwanda. Indonesia. Argentina. Thailand. South Africa.Wings.

C-130 Hercules. Italy.G. Crew.222 (AERITALIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-160 Transall. 2 in (28. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Dimensions. Armament. cargo (44 equipped troops).7 m). Role. C-123 Provider. Three. Aviocar C-212. Length: 74 ft. Similar Aircraft.7 m). Span: 94 ft. 5 in (22. STOL transport. An-12 Cub. Usually none.

. Flats high-mounted on fuselage. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Italy. Venezuela. Tapered leading edges with blunt tips. Rounded nose and stepped cockpit. United Arab Emirates. round. Short. High-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips. Upswept rear section. Nigeria. Two turboprops mounted beneath and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Fin is tall and back-tapered with a blunt tip and fairing in the leading edge.Wings. Fuselage. Libya. and tapered to the rear. Somalia. Tail.

Il-14 CRATE (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 73 ft. Dimensions. Medium-transport. DC-3 Dakota.70 m). Span: 104 ft (31. Armament. Usually none. Five. 2 in (22. cargo (five equipped troops). Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION .3 m). Role. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew.

Poland. People’s Republic of China. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. cigar-shaped. Albania. . Vietnam. solid nose and stepped cockpit. Bulgaria. Chad. Romania. Iraq.Wings. and tapered to the rear section. tapered. Cuba. Engine(s). Tail. Rounded. Two piston engines mounted in and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Long. with a square tip and a small fairing in the leading edge. Czech Republic. CIS. Fuselage. South Yemen. Low-mounted and have straight leading edges and forward-tapered trailing edges with blunt tips. North Korea. Flats mid-mounted on body and back-tapered with rounded tips. Large fin.

Length: 152 ft.6 m). C-17A Globemaster III. Similar Aircraft. guns.Il-76 CANDID (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-5 Galaxy. Armament. CIS (formerly USSR). 8 in (50. Crew.6 m). Role. and other equipment). Span: 165 ft. 10 in (46. C-141B Starlifter. Heavy-transport. Seven. Dimensions. cargo (tanks. Rear gun turret on military model. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

tapered. Cuba. Engine(s). Flush cockpit. round. India. Syria. Iraq. and tapered with blunt tips. Long. High-mounted. Fuselage. swept-back. Libya. Rounded nose with radome on the chin.Wings. Slight negative slant. . Flats swept-back. tapered tail fin forming a T. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Tail. and tapering to the rear. Bottom portion of nose glassed-in. USER COUNTRIES CIS. and high-mounted on a swept-back.

photographs. user countries. For each aircraft. Line drawings are not to scale. there are line drawings. although other examples are shown of conversions from civilian to military or military to civilian uses. The following illustration shows utility aircraft WEFT description features. There are literally hundreds of aircraft types that could be used in this function. Chapter 9 Aircraft List . general data. Included are utility types manufactured specifically for military purposes. and aircraft manufacturer information.CHAPTER 9 Utility Aircraft This chapter shows several examples of utility type aircraft. WEFT descriptions.

An-2 Colt C-12 Super King Air. Queen Air UV-18A Twin Otter . B200 C-23A Sherpa King Air O-1 Bird Dog O-2 Skymaster OV-10 Bronco Skyservant PC-7 . . Skyvan 3M U-6A Beaver U-8F Seminole.

75 m). Poland. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). OV-10 Bronco Crew. general utility. WEFT DESCRIPTION . OV-1 Mohawk.An-2 COLT (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. 9 in (12.19 m). Length: 41 ft. U-6A Beaver. Span: 59 ft. Role. Usually none. Two. 8 in (18. Light-transport (10 equipped troops). Armament.

Angola. Short and thick with solid. One radial piston engine (some versions are turboprop) mounted in the nose. Fixed landing gear. Albania (Y-5). Bulgaria. Laos. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. One high-mounted and one low-mounted (shorter). Vietnam. Benin. connected and braced by two struts. Cambodia. Fin tapered with large. Cuba. . Tail. Stepped cockpit. Tanzania.Wings. Iraq. Biplane and rectangular-shaped with curved tips. Romania. Mongolia. Fuselage. round tip. People’s Republic of China (Y-5). Flats are low-mounted on the tail fin and rectangular-shaped with curved tips. Nicaragua. Germany. Mali. Engine(s). Poland. CIS. North Korea. blunt nose.

light-transport. Span: 54 ft. Usually none.C-12 SUPER KING AIR.6 m). Crew. 9 in (13. King Air.32 m). surveillance. 6 in (16. One or two. U-8F Seminole (Queen Air). Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Role. B200 (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 43 ft. Utility. USA. Similar Aircraft.

Engine(s). Greece. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Venezuela. Fuselage. and equally tapered from engines to blunt tips. Guatemala. Uruguay. Swept-back and tapered tail flats with blunt tips and high-mounted on a swept-back tail fin forming a T. Long. USA. Peru. Thailand. . Stepped cockpit. Sri Lanka. and tapered to the rear and nose. tubular. Two turboprops mounted in and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges. Tail.Wings. Ireland. Low-mounted. Fairing in leading edge. Bolivia. Guyana. Ivory Coast. Argentina. Positive slant. straight to engines.

Role. Skyvan 3M. Similar Aircraft. Aviocar C-212.7 m). Dimensions.C-23A SHERPA (SHORTS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew.76 m). Two plus flight mechanic. OV-1 Mohawk. Utility transport (nine passengers. Length: 58 ft (17. Span: 74 ft. Armament. None. UK. OV-10 Bronco. 8 in (22. WEFT DESCRIPTION . vehicles).

High-mounted and rectangular with blunt tips. Fuselage. Rounded nose. USER COUNTRIES Thailand. . UK. Fins are mounted on the tips of the flats. Flat is rectangular and high-mounted on the body. Struts between wings and landing gear. Stepped cockpit.Wings. Slabsided. Twin turboprops mounted in pods under the leading edges of the wings. Rectangular fins with blunt tips. USA. Engine(s). Rectangular from fuselage to tail. Tail.

C-12 Super King Air. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. Dimensions. Two. Length: 39 ft. Crew. Usually none. Similar Aircraft. Light-transport (16 seats. Span: 45 ft. 8 in (12 m).KING AIR (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 10 in (14 m). Armament. USA. U-8 Seminole (Queen Air). utility).

and tapered tail and nose. Peru. Long. Jamaica. Mexico. Chile. Venezuela. . Fuselage. Low-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips. Stepped cockpit. Thailand. Morocco. Swept-back and tapered fin with square tip. Japan.Wings. Israel. tubular. Two turboprops mounted in and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges. Tail. Sweden. Engine(s). Flats unequally tapered with blunt tips mid-mounted on body with a positive slant. Positive slant. Bolivia. Wide wing roots. USA. USER COUNTRIES Argentina.

Dimensions. liaison. Normally unarmed. Role. Span: 36 ft (11 m). S. 260W. 10 in (7. Similar Aircraft. Length: 25 ft. One. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION .F. USA.O-1 BIRD DOG (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. training. Light-reconnaissance. Crew.9 m).

South Korea. Turkey. Fin is rounded. Fuselage. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear section. Norway. Fixed landing gear. glassed-in cockpit. Italy. Pakistan. Tail. straight to midwing. Stepped. High-mounted. and unequally tapered from midwing to blunt tips. Flats mounted high on the body and are round and butterfly-shaped. Thailand. Indonesia.Wings. USA. Engine(s). . Blunt nose. Taiwan. USER COUNTRIES Austria. One piston engine mounted in nose.

Armament. Span: 38 ft. Crew.64 m). Observation. Two. 9 in (9.O-2 SKYMASTER (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Miniguns. USA. rockets. Skymaster. Role. psychological warfare. Dimensions. not in this manual. 335 Model. 3 in (11. Similar Aircraft. forward air control. WEFT DESCRIPTION . liaison.6 m). Length: 29 ft.

Mauritania. glassed-in cockpit. Engine(s). . Fins extend above and below tail flat. Costa Rica. one on the nose and one on the rear of the body.Wings. Togo. Sri Lanka. Venezuela. USA. Jamaica. box-like with propellers at each end. Swept-back tail fins with blunt tips at tips of tail flat. Ethiopia. El Salvador. Chad. Dominican Republic. Tail. Rear of body upswept to tail booms. Portugal. Stubby. Fuselage. Iran. High-mounted with straight leading edges and forward-tapered trailing edges from midwing to blunt tips. Niger. Guinea-Bissau. USER COUNTRIES Central African Republic. Stepped. Rectangular tail flat at end of twin tail booms. Two piston engines. Nicaragua.

Span: 40 ft (12. USA. Length: 41 ft. Two. WEFT DESCRIPTION . OV-1 Mohawk. Dimensions.70 m). quick-response. C-23A Sherpa. Role. bombs. Similar Aircraft.OV-10 BRONCO (ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.20 m). forward air control. Crew. ground-support. Machine guns. rockets. Armed reconnaissance. 7 in (12. Armament.

Rectangular tail flat that connects the tail fins at the top. Short and oval with glassed-in. Thailand. stepped canopy. Two turboprops in booms under wings. High-mounted and rectangular with square tips. USA.Wings. Venezuela. USER COUNTRIES Indonesia. Twin tail booms with swept-back fin on each boom. Fuselage. Engine(s). Tail. . Morocco.

cargo (fourteen equipped troops). Similar Aircraft. Span: 51 ft (15. Usually none. Dimensions. Two. Armament. 5 in (11. Germany. Crew. Length: 37 ft. STOL light-transport. WEFT DESCRIPTION .56 m).SKYSERVANT (DORNIER) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role.4 m). UV-18 Twin Otter.

Germany. Zambia. Fuselage. . Benin. Rounded nose and stepped cockpit. Rwanda.Wings. Rectangular tail flats mid-mounted on body with square tips. Sweden. Cameroon. Spain. Two piston engines mounted on tips of stubby attachments on lower body. High-mounted and rectangular with square tips. Somalia. Some are equipped with turboprop engines. India. Israel. Turkey. Nigeria. Engine(s). Malawi. Niger. Box-like and tapered to the rear section. Oman. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Kenya. Fixed wheel landing gear with streamlined covers. Tail. Morocco. Fin is unequally tapered with a square tip.

Similar Aircraft. 1 in (9. Length: 32 ft.PC-7 (PILATUS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. light attack. Switzerland. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. L-39 Albatross. Two-seat. 1 in (10. Armament. Span: 34 ft. Six pylons for weapons.260W Warrior. aerobatic.78 m). Crew. Dimensions. Turbo-trainer.40 m). SF.

Malaysia. Mexico. Oval. Bolivia. Fuselage. Angola. Tapered tail fin with fairing and square tip. unequally tapered with blunt tips. Burma. Positive slant. turboprop. Single. Austria. Guatamala. Low-mounted. Flats high-mounted and equally tapered with offset square tips. Iraq. Air intake beneath a bullet nose. Engine(s). Iran. tapers to front and rear. USER COUNTRIES Abu Dhabi. mounted in the nose section. France. Chile. Netherlands. . Switzerland. Tail.Wings.

An-28 Cash (neither shown in this manual). Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . STOL transport. Similar Aircraft. Usually none. Dimensions.8 m). UK. Role. An-14 Clod. cargo (twenty equipped troops. airdrop. Length: 40 ft (12. light vehicles).SKYVAN 3M (SHORTS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. One. Crew.22 m). Span: 65 ft (19.

South Africa. Malawi. North Yemen. USER COUNTRIES Austria. Guyana. Fuselage. Nepal. USA. Fins extend above and below the flat. Engine(s).Wings. Thick. Oman. Fixed landing gear. Two piston or turboprop engines mounted under and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Botswana. High-mounted and rectangular-shaped with blunt tips. box-like. Mexico. Tail. Ghana. Indonesia. UK. Twin rectangular tail fins with blunt tips mounted on the tips of a rectangular flat. Rounded nose with flush cockpit. Singapore. Mauritania. Upswept rear section. . Japan. and flat-bottomed.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . Canada (DHC-2). Crew.64 m). Dimensions. 4 in (9. Armament. Light-cargo. Two. Span: 48 ft (14.U-6A BEAVER (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. An-2 Colt. transport (five equipped troops). Usually none. Length: 30 ft.24 m). Role. Similar Aircraft.

Fin is rounded. Haiti. Tail. USA. Club-shaped fuselage with blunt nose and sharply tapered tail section. Flats high-mounted on body and equally tapered with blunt tips. Later models have a turboprop engine. Stepped cockpit. High-mounted and rectangular with blunt tips. . Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Canada. Engine(s). Colombia. One piston engine in nose section.Wings.

King Air. Light-transport (eight equipped troops).32 m). QUEEN AIR (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-12 Super King Air. Role. Crew. Armament. 3 in (15.U-8F SEMINOLE. Length: 35 ft. 6 in (10. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 50 ft. Two. Usually none. USA Similar Aircraft.82 m). Dimensions.

Fuselage. Peru. Tapered tail flats with blunt tips and high-mounted on body with positive slant. Israel. USA. Japan. Short. Engine(s). Swept-back tail fin with a square tip. Colombia. and tapered to rear section. Pakistan. Mexico. round. Wide wing roots. Two piston engines mounted in and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Positive slant. Tail. Dominican Republic. Venezuela. Tapered nose. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. thick. . Stepped cockpit.Wings. Low-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips. Thailand.

Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Armament. Length: 51 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION .UV-18A TWIN OTTER (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CC-138). cargo (twenty equipped troops). Usually none. Span: 65 ft (19. Canada (DHC-6.8 m). STOL transport. Role. Skyservant.8 m). 9 in (15. Crew. Two.

Pakistan. Stepped cockpit. Colombia. Fuselage. Chile. Kenya. High-mounted and untapered with blunt tips. Engine(s). Two turboprops mounted in and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. People’s Republic of China. Paraguay. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. USA. Haiti. Switzerland. Flats low-mounted on tail fin and untapered with blunt tips. Norway. Canada. Panama. Sudan. Tail. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear section and nose section. .Wings. Senegal. Swept-back fin is tapered with a blunt tip.

photographs. Line drawings are not to scale. WEFT descriptions. transport. general data. observation. there are line drawings. Helicopters have been grouped together in this chapter because. For each aircraft. There are many helicopter configurations. There are a large number of helicopters covered since nearly all countries have them in their inventory. Only a few helicopters are similar in appearance and the differences make recognition of them easier for an observer. The following illustration shows helicopter aircraft WEFT description features. most can be used in a variety of roles: attack. with the exception of a few attack helicopters. and surveillance. cargo. and aircraft manufacturer information. heavy lift.CHAPTER 10 Helicopter Aircraft This chapter covers helicopter (rotary-wing) aircraft. user countries. .

Wasp SH-3 Sea King Super Frelon UH-1 Iroquois UH-1N Model 212 UH-60A Black Hawk . .Chapter 10 Aircraft List AH-1F Cobra AH-1W Super Cobra AH-64 Apache Alouette II Alouette III BO 105 CH-3/HH-3E Jolly Green Giant CH-46 Sea Knight CH-47 Chinook CH-53 Sea Stallion Dauphin 2 Defender 500 Gazelle Hirundo A109 Ka-50 Hokum Lynx Mangusta A129 Mi-1 Hare Mi-2 Hoplite Mi-4 Hound Mi-6 Hook Mi-8 Hip Mi-24 Hind Mi-26 Halo Mi-28 Havoc OH-6A Cayuse OH-13 Sioux OH-58D Kiowa Puma Scout.

Two. Mangusta A129. AH-64 Apache.AH-1F COBRA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. rockets. Similar Aircraft. Length: 44 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . TOW missiles. grenade launcher. USA.42 m). Dimensions. Role. Armament. Rotor diameter: 44 ft (13. Mi-24 Hind. 7 in (13. Crew.6 m). Cannon. Attack helicopter. missiles.

flat-plated canopy and tapered rear section. Israel. Turkey. Japan. Iran. Jordan. Pakistan. Small flats are mid-mounted. South Korea. and forward of the fin. . Single exhaust. short. Swept-back fin is tapered. One turboshaft mounted on top of the body forming a hump-like appearance. and stubby. tapered. Engine(s). Thailand. dual-blade main rotor. oval body with a short.Wings. tubular tail boom. Weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted. pointed nose. Tail. Fuselage. Large. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. Thin. Taiwan. Low-mounted. swept-back. blunt-tipped. Rotor on the right. USA. Stepped.

Rotor diameter: 44 ft (13. AH-64 Apache. Hellfire and TOW missiles. Crew. Length: 47 ft (14. Mi-24 Hind. Armament.AH-1F SUPER COBRA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.32 m). Missiles. Two. Role.42 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Mangusta A129. cannon. Attack helicopter. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. rockets.

USER COUNTRIES Iran. Engine(s). and square-tipped. Small flat is mid-mounted. dual-blade main rotor. Stepped. South Korea. Tail. Fin is swept-back and tapered. and stubby. glassed-in canopy and tapered rear section. oval body with short. tapered. Thin. Fuselage. . Two exhausts just above the tail boom. Low-mounted. short. USA. tubular tail boom. swept-back. Large. Two turboshaft engines mounted on top rear of cabin.Wings. pointed nose. Rotor is on the right. Weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted.

Armament. Mangusta A129. Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14. 2 in (14. Two. Ka-50 Hokum. Similar Aircraft. rockets.64 m). USA. Dimensions. Mi-28 Havoc. Mi-24 Hind. Crew. missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION .AH-64 APACHE (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Hellfire missiles. Role. 30-mm chain gun.69 m). Length: 48 ft. Advanced attack helicopter.

Fixed landing gear.Wings. Rotor on the top left of fin. USER COUNTRIES Israel. UK. Four-blade main rotor mounted above body midsection. Short. flat-plated. Greece. Swept-back fin with square tip. Engine(s). Fuselage. and glassed-in cockpit. Saudi Arabia. Egypt. South Korea. Flat belly except for chain gun. Blade tips are swept-back. United Arab Emirates. Large. stubby. Kuwait. equally tapered flats with square tips and low-mounted on fin. . Blunt nose. weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted with square tips. Tail. USA. Two turboshaft engines mounted high and outside the fuselage and to rear of the cockpit.

OH-13 Sioux. Similar Aircraft. missiles. 8 in (10.ALOUETTE II (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11 m). Dimensions. rockets. Role. Crew. Alouette III. Length: 33 ft. liaison. Armament. Scout/Wasp. Observation. light-attack. Gazelle. WEFT DESCRIPTION . One.28 m). France. Machine gun.

Upturned exhaust. Indonesia. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Oval. France. Tail. Engine(s). Fixed-skid landing gear. India (Cheetah). Ecuador. Small. Tunisia. One turboshaft high-mounted on the fuselage to the rear of the cockpit and main rotor shaft. Togo. Tadpole-like appearance. Three-blade main rotor high-mounted to the rear of the cockpit. . Tail boom is open framework. transparent. Pakistan (Lama). Djibouti.Wings. square-tipped flats forward of a small. Portugal. Rotor guard. bubble cockpit. rectangular. right side-mounted rotor. No fin. Germany. Turkey. Belgium.

Dimensions.ALOUETTE III (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Armament. cannon. general purpose. Role. rockets. Light-attack. Crew. OH-13 Sioux. Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11 m). antitank missiles. BO 105. 10 in (10. France. Machine guns.02 m). Length: 32 ft. Scout/Wasp. Gazelle. One. Alouette II. transport (six equipped troops). WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Wings. Three-blade main rotor on top of fuselage to the rear of the cockpit. Engine(s). One turboshaft above and to the rear of the cockpit and rotor shaft. Fuselage. Oval-shaped, glassed-in cockpit. Fixed landing gear. Tail. Rectangular flats with small, oval fins on tips. Rotor on right with prominent tail rotor guard. USER COUNTRIES Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Austria, Burkina-Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, India (Chetak), Iraq, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Nepal (Chetak), Netherlands, Nicaragua, North Yemen, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, South Africa, Senegal, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Zaire.

BO 105 (MBB)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Germany. Similar Aircraft. OH-6 Cayuse, Defender 500MD, Alouette III, Mi-4 Hound. Crew. Two. Role. Observation, antitank utility. Armament. HOT antitank missiles. Dimensions. Length: 39 ft (11.84 m). Rotor diameter: 32 ft, 3 in (9.84 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Four-blade main rotor mounted above center of cabin. Antitank version has short, stubby, weapon-carrying outriggers on lower midsection. Engine(s). Two turboshaft engines on top of fuselage. Fuselage. Short, thick, oval-shaped, and rounded at nose and rear. Glassed-in cockpit. Landing skids. Tail. Swept-back and tapered fin. Small rectangular fins mounted at the tips of the rectangular flats. Rotor on left. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain, Brunei, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Indonesia, Iraq, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Philippines, USA.

CH-3E/HH-3E JOLLY GREEN GIANT (SIKORSKY)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. CH-53 Sea Stallion, SH-3 Sea King, Super Frelon, Puma. Crew. Two. Role. Transport, cargo (30 equipped troops), assault, search and rescue missions. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 57 ft, 3 in (17.46 m). Rotor diameter: 62 ft (19 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Large, five-blade main rotor mounted above the body midsection. Engine(s). Two turboshaft engines on top of the body midsection. Two round air intakes located above and behind cockpit. Fuselage. Boat-shaped body with blunt, rounded nose, gradually tapering upward at the rear. A hump on top of the body and landing gear in pods on the sides. Stepped cockpit. Tail. Single, tapered flat on right side of swept-back fin. Small rotor on left side of fin. USER COUNTRIES Italy, USA.

CH-46 SEA KNIGHT (BOEING VERTOL)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. CH-47 Chinook. Crew. Three. Role. Transport, cargo (25 equipped troops), assault. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 45 ft (13.68 m). Rotor diameter: 51 ft (15.56 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Two three-blade main rotors, one above the nose section and cabin on a hump; the other on top of high, thick tail fin. Engine(s). Two turboshafts located inside the lower part of the tail fin. Fuselage. Short and thick with flat bottom and upswept tail section. Glassed-in cockpit. Landing gear pods on bottom rear of body. Tail. High, thick tail fin with oval exhaust ports on the sides. USER COUNTRIES Japan (KV-107), USA.

recovery. Transport. CH-46 Sea Knight.CH-47 CHINOOK (BOEING VERTOL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament.3 m).56 m). Dimensions. Usually none. Two on flight deck. cargo (44 equipped troops). Rotor diameter: 60 ft (18. Length: 51 ft (15. USA. Crew.

USER COUNTRIES Argentina. thick tail fin. Fuselage. Libya. Two turboshafts in pods. Japan. Thick. Morocco. Italy. Canada. Iran. stepped cockpit above a short. UK. Greece. one on each side of thick tail fin. Tail. one above the nose and one above the tail section. Glassed-in. Fixed landing gear. Tapered front and rear.Wings. . Engine(s). Two three-blade main rotors. High. Egypt. box-like body with bulges along the sides of the midsection. USA. Australia. rounded nose.

Similar Aircraft. Crew.46 m). Two on flight deck. Heavy-assault transport (55 equipped troops. Dimensions. Length: 67 ft (20. rescue. vehicles. 3 in (22. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . HH-3E Jolly Green Giant.04 m). Usually none. USA. guns). Super Frelon.CH-53 SEA STALLION (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. SH-3 Sea King. Rotor diameter: 72 ft. Mi-26 Halo.

Upswept rear section. One tapered flat on right side of swept-back fin. Body tapers to rear. Landing gear pods at lower midsection. Rotor on left side of fin. boat-shaped with rounded nose. Israel. Glassed-in cockpit. USER COUNTRIES Germany. Engine(s). . Large. USA.Wings. Fuselage. Large. Two turboshafts mounted high and outside the body midsection. Tail. Iran. six-blade main rotor mounted on a long hump above the body midsection.

antitank missiles on SA 365M model. Three with crew chief. Assault-transport (8 to 10 troops). Rotor diameter: 39 ft. Lynx. Rockets. 6 in (11.94 m). Role. Gazelle. utility. Hirundo A109. attack. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 37 ft. Normally two. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions.43 m). France.DAUPHIN 2 (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 2 in (11. Armament.

USER COUNTRIES France. Rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. Fuselage. Tapered boom to the tail fin. . Air intake on side of motor hump. Engine(s). Retractable gear and flat bottom. Tail. Weapons carrying platform on some models. Two turboshafts mounted side by side on top of cabin. Flats with swept-back tips forward of the swept-back and tapered fin with blunt tip. Four-blade main rotor. Exhausts at the rear of the hump.Wings. People’s Republic of China (Z-9). USA. Rotor is inside housing at the bottom of the fin. Teardrop-shaped body.

Similar Aircraft. Chain gun.DEFENDER 500 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. ASW. Crew. OH-6 Cayuse. One. TOW-capable. Dimensions. BO 105. Length: 23 ft (7. Alouette II. multimission. Rotor diameter: 26 ft. antitank. scout. missiles. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 4 in (8.04 m). USA.02 m). Role.

Rotor on lower left of tail boom. Air intakes on top of cabin. Tail. Landing skids. Fuselage. Jordan. Fin boomerang-shaped. Spain.or five-blade main rotor (depending on model). Taiwan. Teardrop-shaped. Dominican Republic. Colombia. Weapons platform on lower rear body. Indonesia. Honduras. Denmark. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Engine(s). El Salvador. Either four. Israel. Kenya. . South Korea. Flats back-tapered with small fins attached to the tips.Wings. and tapered. Bahrain. One mounted inside body. Bolivia. North Korea. glassed-in cockpit. Flats high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Costa Rica. swept-back. USA. Iraq. Blackhole exhaust. Round.

UK. France.98 m). Alouette II. Machine guns. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Rotor diameter: 34 ft. rockets. 3 in (11. Crew. Dimensions. Length: 39 ft. Dauphin 2. Alouette III. missiles. Similar Aircraft.6 m). 5 in (10. Scout/Wasp. Role.GAZELLE (AEROSPATIALE. WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Armament. attack. One. General utility. OH-13 Sioux.

Iraq. Yugoslavia. glassed-in cockpit. Landing skids. Cameroon. Syria. Senegal. UK. Qatar.Wings. Prominent. Ecuador. Rectangular flats with small fins. Tail. Tapering tail boom mid-mounted on fuselage. Rwanda. Egypt. Fan rotor housing is built into the lower tail. Burundi. Chad. Engine(s). Kuwait. upturned exhaust. Lebanon. Kenya. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Three-blade main rotor mounted on top of the fuselage at the rear of the cabin. Fuselage. Cyprus. One turboshaft engine mounted on top of the fuselage and to the rear of the rotor shaft. Tail fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Morocco. . Teardrop-shaped with round. People’s Republic of China. Gabon. France.

Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11. One. Dimensions. antitank. pods. rockets. attack. ambulance.HIRUNDO A109 (AGUSTA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. scout. 10 in (13. Crew. ECM. Role. Length: 42 ft.06 m). Italy. Lynx.02 m). Similar Aircraft. air defense. Armament. OH-58 Kiowa. UH-1N Model 212. Machine guns. two. WEFT DESCRIPTION . HOT or TOW missiles. UH-1 Iroquois. Utility.

Italy. Small rotor on left side attached to the tapered tail boom. Tapered.Wings. Swept-back and tapered belly fin with angular tip. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with angular tip. UK. rounded nose section. Mexico. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Upswept. Venezuela. Engine(s). Greece. Exhaust ports protrude upward and to the rear. Four-blade main rotor mounted on hump above the body midsection. Weapon-carrying platforms at bottom midsection. . Retractable landing gear. tapered rear section. Two turboshafts on top of fuselage. Tail. Stepped cockpit. Fuselage. Rectangular with flat belly.

CIS (Formerly USSR). Mangusta A129. 3 in (13. gun. Hirundo A109. AH-1F Cobra. AH-64 Apache. Length: 44 ft.5 m). Dimensions. Two. Antihelicopter and gunship. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. 10 in (14 m).Ka-50 HOKUM (KAMOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Rocket packs. Roter diameter: 45 ft. Armament. Role. Similar Aircraft. AAMs.

Wings. Flats are located forward of the fin. Tail. contrarotating. Semicircular air intakes. stubby. Thick. tapering tail boom. three-blade main rotors. weapon-carrying wings with end plates. Engine(s). widely separated with swept-back tips. short. Back-tapered tail fin with a square tip. Flats are high-mounted on the tail boom with end plates. USER COUNTRY CIS. Exhausts are turned outward. No tail rotor. Fuselage. Twin turboshafts mounted high on the fuselage above the stubby wings. Flat-bottomed except for underbelly gun pod and sensor. . Coaxial. Streamlined body tapers to the front and rear. Flat plated glassed-in canopy. Equally tapered.

Utility. Similar Aircraft. UH-1N Model 212.LYNX (WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. HOT or TOW antitank missiles. Crew. Dauphin 2. Two. UK. rockets. Cannon. Armament. antitank. 6 in (12. Hirundo A109. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . missiles. Length: 39 ft. OH-58 Kiowa. minigun.8 m).06 m). UH-1 Iroquois. Dimensions. Rotor diameter: 42 ft (12. attack.

Netherlands. Denmark. Norway. Engine(s).Wings. Swept-back fin is tapered. Naval versions have wheels. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Single flat on right side near top of tail fin. . High-mounted. stepped-up and glassed-in cockpit. Nigeria. France. Two turboshaft engines on top of rear of cabin. Landing skids on army versions. Four-blade main rotor on a hump on top of the cabin. Box-like cargo compartment. Tail. tapered tail boom. UK. Fuselage. Oval. Tail rotor on left side. Germany.

Hellfire-. rockets. Armament. AH-64 Apache. 10 in (14. Gun pods.3 m). Light-attack. Mi-28 Havoc. Dimensions. Crew. Ka-50 Hokum. scout. Two. Similar Aircraft. Role. Rotor diameter: 39 ft (12 m). or HOT-capable. antiarmor. WEFT DESCRIPTION . TOW-. Italy.MANGUSTA A129 (AGUSTA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. missiles. Length: 46 ft.

and midmounted on the fuselage. Semicircular air intakes. Boom tapers to the rear. Weapon-carrying wings are short. Fixed landing gear. Tapered from cockpit to blunted nose.Wings. glassed-in and flat-plated. Engine(s). Flats unequally tapered with square tip. High. Tail. Tandem cockpit. Two turboshaft engines mounted alongside the top of the fuselage. Slender and tapered to the rear. Belly fin with the rear landing wheel attached. . Four-blade main rotor on top center of cabin. swept-back fin with square tip. stubby. Fuselage. USER COUNTRY Italy. Tail rotor on left side.

Crew. Utility. Role. Similar Aircraft. None. 8 in (12.Mi-1 HARE (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Usually none. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Length: 39 ft. One.36 m).2 m). CIS (formerly USSR). Dimensions. Rotor diameter: 47 ft (14. liaison.

glassedin cockpit and a long. One radial (piston) engine mounted beneath a hump on top of cabin. tapered tail boom. thin. Tadpole-shaped when viewed from bottom. USER COUNTRY CIS. Three-blade main rotor mounted on a high hump on top of fuselage midsection. Rounded nose and rear sections. Swept-back fin with rotor on the right top. Engine(s). Stepped. . Fuselage. Tail. Small flats are equally tapered and mounted directly in front of the fin.Wings.

trainer.6 m).4 m). Hirundo A109. Mi-8 Hip. cargo. machine guns. Rockets. CIS (formerly USSR).Mi-2 HOPLITE (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. reconnaissance. Role. liaison. Similar Aircraft. One. Crew. Length: 57 ft (17. missiles. Rotor diameter: 47 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . search and rescue. Transport. 6 in (14. Dimensions. Armament. armed support.

Engine(s). Hungary. Tadpole-shaped body when viewed from bottom. Ghana. Syria. Fixed landing gear. Rotor is on the right. Two turboshafts mounted side-by-side on top of cabin. Round air intakes above cockpit. Cuba. Small. Stepped-up cockpit and rounded nose. . Tapered tail boom. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Azerbaijan. swept-back fin.Wings. Germany. Czech Republic. Thin. Three-blade main rotor on top of large hump above the body midsection. Poland. Oval exhausts on sides of engines. CIS. Libya. Burma. Small. Ukraine. Nicaragua. Georgia. Slovakia. Tail. forming a hump. bus-like. unequally tapered flats. Bulgaria.

Dimensions.8 m). BO 105. Length: 55 ft (16. Armament. rockets. Rotor diameter: 69 ft (21 m).Mi-4 HOUND (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Machine gun pod. Defender 500. Three. Transport (12 to 16 equipped troops). Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . armed support. CIS (formerly USSR). trainer. Role. Crew.

Iraq. long. South Yemen. Short. three-blade rotor attached to right side of thin fin. North Yemen. Bulgaria. Small. Mongolia. Syria. thin tail boom. Romania. Albania (Z-5). Tail. High-mounted. Germany. Large. Small flats forward of the fin. Somalia . Mali. Cuba. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Vietnam. Gun mount under belly (oil pan). Engine(s). . Sudan. Czech Republic. One piston engine mounted within the nose section. Four-wheeled landing gear. rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit.Wings. Algeria. oval with solid. Egypt. four-blade main rotor mounted on top of fuselage midsection. Fuselage. People’s Republic of China (Z-5). North Korea. Poland.

Heavy transport (65 equipped troops). Role. Mi-26 Halo. Five. vehicles. Rotor diameter: 115 ft (35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. Dimensions. Armament. CIS (formerly USSR).Mi-6 HOOK (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 109 ft (33.3 m). Similar Aircraft. Machine gun. CH-3 Jolly Green Giant.

Large. Syria. Peru. CIS. . Stabilizing wings unequally tapered with blunt tips. Iraq. Vietnam. Tail. Round air intakes above cockpit. Fuselage. glassed-in nose section. mounted high on the fuselage. Upswept rear section with tapered tail boom. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Small rotor on right.Wings. Swept-back fin is tapered. bus-like with round. Two turboshafts on top of fuselage midsection. stepped-up cockpit. and tilted upward to the front. round. Unequally tapered flats forward of the fin. five-blade main rotor centered over fuselage midsection. Laos. Engine(s). Egypt. Long. Fixed landing gear. Oval-shaped exhaust ports on sides.

light weapons. Puma. Armed assault-transport (24 equipped troops. Two (three with flight engineer).Mi-8 HIP (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. and vehicles). CIS (formerly USSR). Super Frelon. machine gun. Similar Aircraft. antitank missiles. Length: 61 ft (18. Rotor diameter: 70 ft (21. Crew. Rockets. Mi-17 Hip H. Mi-2 Hoplite.32 m). Role. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Dimensions.3 m). bombs.

Weapon-carrying platform at lower body midsection. Tricycle landing gear. Algeria. Azerbaijan. Sudan. Bulgaria. Zambia. CIS. Syria. Large. Ukraine. Czech Republic. Iran. bus-like body with rounded nose and glassed-in cockpit. Fuselage. . Germany. Small flats mounted forward of the fin. Engine(s). Two fuel pods offset and mounted low on the body. Vietnam. Two round air intakes just above the cockpit. Belarus. Upswept rear section. Mongolia. People’s Republic of China. Cuba. Yugoslavia. and tapered fin with rotor on top right or left. Mozambique. Nicaragua. Madagascar. Croatia. Guyana.Wings. North Yemen. Long. Egypt. Twin turboshafts mounted on top of the fuselage. five-blade main rotor over the engine at the body midsection. SouthYemen. USER COUNTRIES Armenia. Hungary. Afghanistan. Tail. Tail boom tapers to the small. Cambodia. Iraq. swept-back. Slovakia. Rounded exhaust ports. Angola.

Dimensions. Armament. 6 in (17 m). antitank. rockets. AH-1 Cobra (all models). WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). Rotor diameter: 55 ft.78 m). UH-60 Black Hawk. Length: 55 ft (16. Two. AH-64 Apache.Mi-24 HIND (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Assault. Crew. Mangusta A129. gunship. guns. Similar Aircraft. Missiles.

Ethiopia. Slovakia. Engine(s). Fuselage. Swept-back. Iraq. oval-shaped body. . Tapered flats on boom just forward of the fin. Two round air intakes located just above the cockpit. Exhaust ports on sides of engine(s). Georgia. and a chinmounted turret. Hind D: Large. Belarus. Cuba. Germany. Iran. Two turboshafts mounted above body midsection. Hind A: Large. CIS. Vietnam. Short. Algeria. Peru. and fuselage tapering at the rear to the tail boom. Angola. Cambodia. Hungary. weapon-carrying wings mounted at midsection. Mozambique. Syria. Bulgaria. Nicaragua. USER COUNTRIES Armenia. nose modification with tandem bubble canopies. oval-shaped body. Poland. Czech Republic. glassed-in cockpit. stubby. South Yemen.Wings. Libya. North Korea. tapered fin with rotor on right on some models. Five-blade main rotor mounted on top of fuselage midsection. Ukraine. Mongolia. Tail. Afghanistan.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . Usually none.8 m).Mi-26 HALO (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Four. Mi-6 Hook. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Armament. Rotor diameter: 105 ft (32 m). Dimensions. Length: 111 ft (33. Crew. Heavy cargo-transport (100+ equipped troops. Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). armored vehicles).

Two turboshafts mounted on top of the cabin. Exhaust ports at sides of engines. CIS. USER COUNTRIES India. Rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. Swept-back. Long. Fuselage. slightly tapered fin with large rotor on right side. Fixed tricycle landing gear. Eight-blade main rotor mounted above the fuselage midsection on a hump. Upswept rear section. Round air intakes above and behind the cockpit. . bus-like body tapers to the nose and rear. Tail. Engine(s).Wings. Flats are forward-tapered and lowmounted on leading edge of the fin.

Mi-28 HAVOC (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. Two. rockets. AAMs. AH-64 Apache. Similar Aircraft. antitank missiles. CIS (formerly USSR).04 m). Rotor diameter: 56 ft (17. Crew. Dimensions. Role. AH-1F Cobra. Length: 57 ft (17. Attack.4 m). cannon. Mangusta A129. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Cannon mounted beneath the belly. Tail. USER COUNTRY CIS. Fuselage. Downturned exhausts. tapered. Fixed landing gear. Five-blade main rotor mounted above the body midsection. wide. Tandem.Wings. Tapering tail boom to swept-back fin. weaponcarrying wings mounted to the rear of body midsection. Two turboshafts in pods mounted alongside the top of the fuselage. Short. Flat high-mounted on the fin. . stepped-up cockpits. Rotor mounted on right. Engine(s). Slender and tapers to the tail boom and nose.

Observation. Length: 21 ft (6. Dimensions. Armament. Hardware available for minigun mount.OH-6A CAYUSE (HUGHES) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. One. Usually none.92 m). BO 105. Rotor diameter: 26 ft (7. Similar Aircraft. Crew.4 m). USA. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Defender 500MD. liaison.

One turboshaft located on the top rear of the fuselage. Thin. Engine(s). . Upswept rear section. Teardrop-shaped with round. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Four-blade main rotor mounted above the fuselage midsection.Wings. Tail. Fuselage. Skid-type landing gear. Y tail. glassed-in cockpit. Japan. Rotor on the left attached to the tail boom. Nicaragua. USA. tapering tail boom.

Crew. Rotor diameter: 37 ft (11. Alouette II. Role. 7 in (9.64 m). Utility. Similar Aircraft. observation. One. Gazelle.OH-13 SIOUX (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Minigun. rocket pods.32 m). Scout/Wasp. Armament. Length: 31 ft. Alouette III. USA. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Open-grid midsection and tail boom tapers to the rear. . Skids with movable wheels attached for handling. Thailand. rectangular flats. Engine(s). Colombia. Turkey. USA. Uganda. Round (goldfish bowl). Dual-blade main rotor located above body midsection behind the cockpit. Belly fin. Small. glassed-in cockpit. Small rotor centered at end of boom with rotor guard. Spain.Wings. One piston engine located inside latticework midsection behind the cockpit. Fuselage. Tail.

4 in (10.62-mm minigun.45 m).16 m). 7. Utility. Hirundo A109. UH-1 Iroquois. Dimensions. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . UH-1N Model 212. Crew. Similar Aircraft. Rotor diameter: 33 ft. Armament. Lynx. USA. observation. scout.OH-58D KIOWA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 31 ft (9. Two.

rectangular flats. South Korea. Nepal. Jamaica. Japan. Canada. Guyana. Tail. Venezuela. Austria. Thailand. Engine(s). Two-blade main rotor on top of aircraft midsection. Libya. and tapered rear section to a mid-mounted tail boom. Mid-mounted. Kenya. Tanzania. pointed nose. Swept-back and tapered fin that is boomerang-shaped. . Fuselage. USA.Wings. Bangladesh. United Arab Emirates. Morocco. Oman. Saudi Arabia. Chile. Brunei. Sri Lanka. Rotor on the left. Colombia. One engine on top rear of midsection in a hump-like fairing. North Yemen. Guatemala. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Oval body.

Dimensions. France. SH-3 Sea King. machine guns. UK. UH-60 Black Hawk. Armed transport (16 equipped troops). Length: 46 ft (14 m). Two. CH-53 Sea Stallion. Armament.96 m). Role. missiles. .PUMA (AEROSPATIALE. rockets. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Crew. Rotor diameter: 49 ft (14. WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Super Frelon. Mi-8 Hip. Cannon. Similar Aircraft.

Two turboshaft engines mounted on top of fuselage midsection giving the helicopter a humpbacked appearance. Malawi.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Morocco. United Arab Emirates. Rotor on the right. Oman. Nigeria. Spain. Zaire. Iceland. Kuwait. Large. Fuselage. Portugal. Chad. Germany. Belgium. rectangular. Libya. glassed-in cockpit. . Kenya. and tapered rear section. Swept-back and tapered fin. Engine(s). Panama. Rounded. Argentina. Indonesia. Chile. Mexico. Philippines. Iraq. Senegal. Tapered. Ecuador. upswept. four-blade main rotor mounted above center of fuselage on a hump. single flat on left top of the fin. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. stepped-up. Ivory Coast. France. Lebanon. Jordan. South Africa. Brazil. Pakistan. Nepal. Togo. Long. Singapore. Gabon. UK. Switzerland. Tail. Djibouti. Sudan. Retractable landing gear.

Gazelle. UK. Accommodations for antitank missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION .SCOUT. rockets. One. Similar Aircraft. Crew.84 m).26 m). Alouette II. Rotor diameter: 32 ft. Role. Alouette III. WASP (WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 3 in (9. Length: 30 ft. Utility. cannon. OH-13 Sioux. Dimensions. 4 in (9. Armament.

Fuselage. Indonesia. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. . New Zealand. Engine(s). UK. Tail. Rectangular flats (Army version) mounted to the underside of boom below the fin. glassed-in cockpit. stepped-up. slightly tapered rear section. Swept-back. Rounded nose. Malaysia.Wings. Four-blade main rotor mounted on a shaft behind the cabin and between the cabin and engine. including top. tapered fin with small rotor on the left. Fixed landing gear. One turboshaft mounted behind rear of cabin (exposed).

Super Frelon.SH-3 SEA KING (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Two on flight deck. depth charges. missiles. cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CH-53 Sea Stallion. rockets.92 m). search and rescue. Rotor diameter: 62 ft (18. two in main cabin.97 m). Amphibious assault-transport (30 equipped troops). Crew. antisubmarine. Armament. Role. Puma. Length: 56 ft (16. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Dimensions. USA. Homing torpedoes. Similar Aircraft.

USA. Boat-hull shape. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Brazil. Large. Egypt. box-like with blunt nose. Spain. Iraq. Italy. Two turboshaft engines mounted on top of cabin. Long. Norway. Belgium. Australia. . Oval exhausts on sides of engines. Swept-back fin is tapered. Tail. Single flat is tapered with square tip mounted at the top right side of fin. five-blade main rotor on top of fuselage midsection. Third wheel of landing gear is fixed. Germany. Iran. thick. Engine(s). Fuselage. Canada. Peru. Tapered cockpit. India. Rotor on left side. UK. Circular air intakes above cockpit. Pakistan. Upswept rear section. Retractable landing gear.Wings.

HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Length: 75 ft. Rotor diameter: 62 ft (18. Two on flight deck. SH-3 Sea King. Assault-transport (38 equipped troops). Armament. Puma. three in main cabin. CH-53 Sea Stallion. WEFT DESCRIPTION .SUPER FRELON (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew.02 m).92 m). France. Mi-8 Hip. naval operations. 7 in (23. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. Torpedoes. Role.

Fuselage. Rotor on left. the third is behind the main rotor. . Two are mounted side-by-side atop the fuselage forward of main rotor. tapered fin. Three turboshafts. Israel. tapered. Zaire. Boat-hull type with stabilizing floats on either side of body. Six-blade main rotor mounted above center of fuselage. USER COUNTRIES France. Nose is round with glassed-in cockpit. Single. People’s Republic of China.Wings. Upswept rear section. Tail. Libya. Round air intakes above and behind cockpit. Fixed landing gear. and and flatmounted on the right side of fin. Engine(s). Iraq. Boom tapers from main body to swept-back.

Hirundo A109. Similar Aircraft. Role. Armament. UH-1N Model 212. Crew. Length: 42 ft (12. Utility transport (seven equipped troops). USA.79 m). Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14. rockets. Dimensions.64 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . OH-58 Kiowa. Lynx. Two.UH-1 IROQUOIS (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. machine guns. Missiles.

Burma. Rounded nose.Wings. Fuselage. Brazil. Oman. Saudi Arabia. Mexico. Paraguay. United Arab Emirates. . oval body. Finland. Stepped-up cockpit. Panama. Australia. Ecuador. Singapore. Mid-mounted. Honduras. Ethiopia. Peru. Somalia. Philippines. Italy. South Korea. Thailand. Suriname. Uganda. Morocco. Taiwan. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Chile. Japan. Greece. New Zealand. North Yemen. Long. North Yemen. Pakistan. Spain. Colombia. Iran. Turkey. Austria. with tapered rear. Landing skids. Engine(s). Guatemala. Swept-back fin with rotor on the left. Canada. Zambia. Germany. Israel. Tanzania. El Salvador. Uruguay. USA. Dual-blade main rotor mounted over the cabin. One turboshaft on top rear of cabin. Norway. Tail. Bolivia. Indonesia. Swell in center of cabin. Tunisia. rectangular flats with square tips. Venezuela. Malta.

homing torpedoes. Armament. OH-58 Kiowa. ASMs. General purpose utility. depth charges.UH-1N MODEL 212 (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Crew. Lynx.64 m). Length: 42 ft (12.79 m). Hirundo A109. Two (three with crew chief). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Dimensions. UH-1 Iroquois. Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14. naval operations. USA. Similar Aircraft.

Israel. Japan. Air intakes in front of engine. . Zambia. Jamaica. Ghana. Boom tapers to swept-back. Sri Lanka. Two turboshafts with a combining gear box. Swell in center of cabin. Rectangular flats mounted on the boom forward of the fin. Morocco. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Engine(s). Guatemala. USA. Turkey. Canada. Botswana. Venezuela.Wings. Large. tapered fin with rotor on the right. Sudan. Mexico. dual-blade main rotor on hump at top rear of cabin. Long and oval with rounded nose. Stepped-up cockpit and tapered rear section. Ecuador. Paraguay. South Korea. Guyana. Bangladesh. Fixed-skid landing gear. Italy. Saudi Arabia. Brunei. Somalia . Nigeria. Peru. Thailand. Uganda. Philippines. Panama. Tail. Iran. Fuselage. Austria. North Yemen.

rockets. machine guns. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 51 ft (15. 8 in (16. USA. Crew. Assault-transport (11 equipped troops).25 m). Hirundo A109. Armament. Two.UH-60A BLACK HAWK (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Mi-8 Hip. multipurpose. Dimensions.9 m). Similar Aircraft. mine dispensers. Mi-24 Hind. Role. Puma. Hellfire missiles. Rotor diameter: 53 ft.

Fixed landing gear. Four-blade main rotor with swept-back tips mounted on top center of fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Colombia. swept-back fin with tail rotor on right. rectangular fuselage tapers to the rear. Oval exhausts. Tail. Engine(s). . Large. Slender. Rounded nose with stepped cockpit. Fuselage. USA. Two turboshaft engines within a hump on top of fuselage. Boom tapers to a high. unequally tapered flat mounted low on the fin.Wings. Spain (SH-60). Semicircular air intakes. Israel.

. WEFT descriptions. Other types shown will be within range and operating low enough to be recognized for an engagement decision. and Reconnaissance Aircraft This chapter features early warning. and reconnaissance aircraft WEFT description features. but not as the aircraft’s primary mission. Line drawings are not to scale. There are aircraft shown in other chapters that can and are used in these roles. For each aircraft. user countries. photographs. observation. there are line drawings. general data. The following illustration shows early warning. Observation. and reconnaissance aircraft that are built and used for special purposes. Some aircraft covered in this chapter are high-flying and will not be seen within range of FAAD guns and missiles. observation.CHAPTER 11 Early Warning. and aircraft manufacturer information.

Chapter 11 Aircraft List A-50 Mainstay E-2C Hawkeye E-3A Sentry EA-6B Prowler EF-111A Raven Il-20 Coot-A Nimrod AEW3 OV-1 Mohawk P-3C Orion S-2 Tracker S-3A Viking . .

Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). AEW. 8 in (46. Span: 165 ft.A-50 MAINSTAY (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Seven. Armament. Similar Aircraft. Tail turret. E-3 Sentry. 6 in (50. Role.5 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION .5 m). Length: 152 ft. Crew. control.

tapered fin. Flats swept-back and tapered with blunt tips high-mounted on the swept-back. swept-back. forming a T. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. . Tail. round tapering to the rear with a radome on the chin. Stepped-up cockpit. USER COUNTRY CIS.Wings. and tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage. High-mounted. Engine(s). Long. Saucer type radome on top of the aircraft.

None. Crew. Similar Aircraft.222. 6 in (24. WEFT DESCRIPTION . G.6 m). AEW. Length: 57 ft. Role. Armament.53 m). C-160 Transall. Five.E-2C HAWKEYE (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. 6 in (17. Span: 80 ft. USA.

Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage and have a positive slant. Japan. High-mounted and equally tapered with blunt tips. Engines extend well beyond the wings’ leading edges. Stepped-up cockpit. Oval that tapers to the rear. Engine(s). . USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Rounded nose. the two inside fins are mounted on top of the flats). USA. Singapore. Two turboprops mounted under the wings. Fuselage. Israel. Four fins (two fins are mounted on the tips of the flats and extend below the flats. Tail.Wings. Large radome.

Similar Aircraft. Span: 154 ft. Length: 152 ft. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Armament. A-50 Mainstay. 9 in (46.6 m). Dimensions. Seventeen. Crew. 7 in (44. AWACS.4 m).E-3A SENTRY (BOEING) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. None.

Saudi Arabia. tapered. An electronics pod is mounted on the right wing-tip. Engine(s). Rounded nose. Luxembourg (NATO). and tapered with a positive slant. Swept-back. and mid-mounted on the fuselage. stepped-up cockpit. . Engines extend well forward of the wings’ leading edges. swept-back. USER COUNTRIES Israel. Round. Tail.Wings. Four turbojets mounted on pylons under the wings. Low-mounted. USA. Fuselage. tapered fin with a square tip. tapers to the rear. Large radome on top of the body between the wings and tail section. Flats are swept-back. cigar-shaped.

EA-6B PROWLER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. A-6 Intruder--two. Length: 59 ft 10 in (18. Span: 53 ft (16. ECM. HARM.15 m). Role. Armament.24 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Hunter. A-6 Intruder. Similar Aircraft. USA. Crew. Dimensions. Four.

Two turbojets mounted on body midsection. tapered tail flats high-mounted on the fuselage with blunt tips. Semicircular air intakes below and forward of the wing roots. Mid-mounted. Fuselage. There is a small fairing in the leading edge. Tail. Swept-back. . Body tapers to the rear section. USER COUNTRY USA. swept-back.Wings. stepped canopy with added enclosure for ECM operators. Teardrop-shaped with a rounded nose. Long. Exhausts are in the trailing edges of the wing roots. Unequally tapered tail fin with ECM pod at the top. and tapered with blunt tips. Engine(s).

4 m). Su-24 Fencer. Swept: 31 ft. Two. Tornado. USA. ECM. Crew.2 m). Armament.EF-111A RAVEN (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 9 in (9. Span: 63 ft (19. MiG-23/27 Flogger. F-111. Dimensions. . Similar Aircraft. Length: 77 ft (23. Usually none. Role.7 m).

WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. High-mounted, variable, swept-back, and tapered with blunt tips. Wing span changes in flight. Engine(s). Two turbojets mounted in the rear section. Air intakes are 1/4 pie-shaped under the wings giving the aircraft a rounded appearance from the head-on view. Fuselage. Long with a long, pointed nose and a bubble canopy. Tail. Swept-back, tapered fin with an electronics pod at the tip. Large tail flats are swept-back, tapered with clipped tips, and high-mounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRY USA.

Il-20 COOT-A (ILYUSHIN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS (formerly USSR). Similar Aircraft. P-3C Orion, An-24 Coke, An-12 Cub. Crew. Five. Role. Electronics surveillance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 117 ft, 9 in (35.9 m). Span: 122 ft, 7 in (37.4 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Low-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips and positive slant. Engine(s). Four turboprops mounted in the wings and extending forward of the wings. Fuselage. Round, cigar-shaped tapered at the rear and a rounded nose. Stepped-up cockpit. Bulges on sides of fuselage aft of the cockpit. Pod carried on the fuselage bottom is a SLAR. Tail. Back-tapered fin with square tip. Equally tapered flats, mid-mounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan (Il-18), CIS.

NIMROD AEW3 (BAe)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK. Similar Aircraft. Nimrod, P-3C Orion. Crew. Twelve. Role. Surveillance, ASW. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 126 ft, 7 in (38.6 m). Span: 114 ft, 8 in (35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Low-mounted, swept-back, and tapered with blunt tips. Wide wing roots. External fuel tanks in wings extend beyond the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). Four turbojets mounted in the wing roots. Oval air intakes. Exhausts are to the rear of the trailing edges of the wings. Fuselage. Cigar-shaped with rounded nose and and tapered rear section. Rounded tail boom. Stepped cockpit. Tail. Fin is equally tapered with an ECM pod mounted at the top. Large angular fairing. Flats are highmounted on the fuselage and back-tapered with a positive slant. USER COUNTRY UK.

OV-1 MOHAWK (GRUMMAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. S-2 Tracker, OV-10 Bronco, An-2 Colt. Crew. Two. Role. Battlefield surveillance. Armament. Normally unarmed (capable of carrying minigun, bombs, and rockets). Dimensions. Length: 41 ft (12.5 m). Span: 48 ft (14.64 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Mid-mounted and equally tapered with blunt tips. Positive slant. Engine(s). Two turboprops mounted on top of and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Fuselage. Club-shaped and tapered to rear section. Blunt nose. Two-seat, stepped-up cockpit. When installed, SLAR is prominently exposed beneath the right side and forward part of the body. Tail. Triple fins are equally tapered. Outer fins extend above and below the flat. Center fin appears taller. Flats are tapered with a positive slant. USER COUNTRY USA.

4 m). Similar Aircraft. Armament. 7 in (30. Length: 116 ft.P-3C ORION (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. depth charges. Reconnaissance. Ten. USA. Span: 99 ft. Torpedoes. ASW. Il-20 Coot. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role.6 m). 8 in (35. C-130 Hercules. An-24 Coke. Crew.

New Zealand. Fin is rounded and tapered with a curved fairing. Radar boom mounted on the rear of the tail. Four turboprops mounted in the wings. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Spain. Norway. Tail. USA. Low-mounted and forward tapered with blunt tips. Portugal. Cigar-shaped with rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. equally tapered. Netherlands. Japan. Fuselage. Positive slant. and a positive slant. Canada. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Iceland.Wings. Iran. Engine(s). Engine nacelles extend beyond the leading edges of the wings. .

Torpedoes. Crew. Antisubmarine. Four.S-2 TRACKER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Length: 43 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . S-3 Viking. 5 in (22. Role. OV-1 Mohawk.1 m). depth charges.3 m). rockets. reconnaissance. Span: 72 ft. USA. Armament. 5 in (13. Similar Aircraft.

Engine nacelles extend beyond the leading and trailing edges of the wings. Lebanon. USA. Thailand. stepped-up cockpit. Two turboprops or piston engines mounted in the wings. Rounded nose. Venezuela. Canada. Fin back-tapered with round tip and a curved fairing. Engine(s). . Flats low-mounted on the fin and are backtapered. Fuselage. Turkey. Tail.Wings. and radome on the belly. Brazil. South Korea. Uruguay. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. High-mounted and equally tapered with rounded tips. Oval and club-shaped that tapers to the rear. Taiwan.

Role.S-3A VIKING (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.2 m). Crew. Span: 68 ft. 3 in (16. mines. Torpedoes. Similar Aircraft.9 m). Length: 53 ft. Dimensions. ASW. transport. WEFT DESCRIPTION . S-2 Tracker. Four. 6 in (20. USA. depth charges. Armament.

Oval. Engines extend beyond the leading edges of the wings. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Tail. club-shaped. and a positive slant.Wings. Fuselage. . Engine(s). high-mounted on the fuselage. High-mounted and back-tapered with electronic pods at the tips. USER COUNTRY USA. Rounded nose and a stepped-up cockpit. and tapers to the rear. Flats are back-tapered with blunt tips. Two turbofans mounted on pylons under the wings just outboard of the wing roots.

UAVs were selected from each group to be represented in this manual. reconnaissance. There are many more UAVs than can be listed here. on command. . and acquisition (RISTA). targeting. One. For this manual. and in some cases. photographs. WEFT descriptions. Cruise missiles are like artillery. For each aircraft. and reconnaissance aircraft WEFT description features. which detonate at proximity. The following illustration shows early warning. or on impact. and aircraft manufacturer information.CHAPTER 12 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missiles This chapter shows examples of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and cruise missiles. intelligence. general data. surveillance. observation. user countries. two. UAVs will perform a variety of missions. there are line drawings. UAVs were grouped together based on similarities and roles. Line drawings are not to scale.

.Chapter 12 Aircraft List Apache CWS AS-4 Kitchen AS-15 Kent Banshee BTT-3 Brevel BQM-34 Firebee II C-101 Crecerelle D-4 NPU DR-3 Reys Model 324 Model 410 Mirach 26 Mirach 100 MK-105 Flash MK-106 HIT Pioneer Predator Raven Scout Shmel-1 Yak-061 Taifun Tomahawk AGM-86 .

Dimensions. 4 in (5. Tomahawk. AGM-86. Cruise. Similar Aerial Platform. .01 m). straight with square tips. and a slight negative slant.APACHE CWS (MATRA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Submunitions and HE warhead. air-to-ground attack.53 m). 3 in (2. Armament. Span: 8 ft. High-mounted on body. France. Length: 16 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings.

USER COUNTRY France.Engine(s). Radar in nose is not visible. Single turbojet mounted in rear of fuselage. straight with square tips. . Flats mid.to high-mounted on the fuselage. Tail. Round. Round exhaust in rear. Fuselage. Fin unequally tapered with square tip. Air intake in scoop beneath the rear section. tapers to a pointed nose and a blunt rear.

Armament. DR-3. Dimensions.AS-4 KITCHEN (CIS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.3 m). delta-shaped wings with square tips. Span: 9 ft. air-to surface missile. 8 in (3 m). Mid-mounted. Length: 37 ft (11. CIS. Long-range. Similar Aerial Platform. 350-kt nuclear or 1000-kg HE. . WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. radar-guided. Role.

Fin back-tapered with a square tip.Engine(s). Fuselage. delta-shaped with square tips. Liquid propellent with exhaust in the rear. Fairing on the belly. . USER COUNTRY CIS. Flats mid-mounted on body. Tail. slender body that tapers to a pointed nose. Blunt rear. Long. round.

AS-15 KENT (CIS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. AS-4 Kitchen. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. 1 in (3.1 m). straight with square tips. Mid-mounted on body. Similar Aerial Platform. Armament. 6 in (6 m). 200-kt nuclear. Role. CIS. Air launched cruise missile (ALCM). . Length: 19 ft. Dimensions. Span: 10 ft.

Engine(s). Single turbofan in rear body. Round air intake. Round exhaust. Fuselage. Long, round, rounded nose and blunt rear section. Tail. Flats mid-mounted and back-tapered. Fin is swept-back and tapered. USER COUNTRY CIS.

BANSHEE BTT-3 (MEGGITT AEROSPACE)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK. Similar Aerial Platform. Crecerelle, DR-3. Role. Target drone, reconnaissance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 9 ft, 6 in (2.95 m). Span: 8 ft, 1 in (2.49 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped. Wings have a positive slant.

Engine(s). Single jet in rear. Single exhaust. May have prop-driven engine with prop at the rear in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round and tapers to the front. Blunt rear with jet engine, and a cone with rotary engine. Tail. Tall, swept-back fin. No flats. USER COUNTRIES UK and over 20 other countries.

BREVEL (MATRA, MBB)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. France, Germany. Similar Aerial Platform. Taifun. Role. Recon, target locate/designate, and image assessment. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 7 ft, 5 in (2.3 m). Span: 11 ft, 1 in (3.4 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, back-tapered leading and straight trailing edges with positive slant.

Engine(s). One piston engine mounted on rear of fuselage in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round body. Rounded, glassed-in nose section. Tail. Back-tapered fin. Small, round radar dish on top. No flats. USER COUNTRIES France, Germany.

BQM-34 FIREBEE II (TELEDYNE RYAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aerial Platform. D-3, I 24 I. Role. Reconnaissance, target. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 22 ft, 10 in (6.98 m). Span: 12 ft, 10 in (3.93 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Mid-mounted, swept-back, and untapered with angular tips.

Engine(s). Bulging jet on belly. Oval intake and round exhaust. Fuselage. Round, tapered front and rear. Pointed nose and tail cone. Belly fin. Tail. Flats high-mounted, swept-back, and untapered. Fin swept-back and tapered. USER COUNTRIES China, Iran, Israel, USA.

they are mid-mounted on the body near the nose section. Length: 19 ft (5. Span: 3 ft. 9 in (1. China. Role. Armament. Medium-range. AS-15 Kent. Similar Aerial Platform. 400-kg warhead.2 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings.C-101 (CPMIEC) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar to canards.8 m). . air-to-surface cruise missile. Dimensions.

Fuselage. V-mounted. Square tail fin forward of tail flats. round. Tail. . Blunt rear. and tapers to nose cone. Long. Side-mounted ramjet mid-mounted on the body. Launch rail on bottom. back-tapered tail flats. Small round intakes and large round exhausts. USER COUNTRY China.Engine(s).

CRECERELLE (TARGET TECHNOLOGY)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK, France. Similar Aerial Platform. Banshee, ASR-4 Spectre. Crew. None. Role. RISTA UAV. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 8 ft 8 in (2.7 m). Span: 10 ft 8 in (3.3 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, delta-shaped with large, square tips.

Engine(s). Twin-cylinder, two-cycle. Two-bladed propeller in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round, tapers to a round nose. Blunt rear. Tail. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a square tip. No flats. USER COUNTRIES France, Netherlands, United Kingdom.

D-4 NPU (XIAN NPU)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. China. Similar Aerial Platform. MK-105 Flash. Predator. Role. Multirole, reconnaissance, surveillance and target. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 10 ft, 8 in (3.32 m). Span: 14 ft, 10 in (4.30 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. High-mounted, straight to the midsection, tapered from midwing to tips.

Engine(s). Single, prop-driven engine in the nose section. Fuselage. Round and tapers to front and rear. Fixed landing pads. Tail. Flats high-mounted on body and equally tapered. Fin is equally tapered. USER COUNTRIES China and exported.

DR-3 REYS (TUPOLEV)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS. Similar Aerial Platform. DR-5, Banshee, Crecerelle. Role. Tactical reconnaissance UAV. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 23 ft (7.3 m). Span: 9 ft 10 in (3 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped with square tips. Small, swept-back canards.

Engine(s). Large, jet on top rear of fuselage. Large air intake. Fuselage. Long, slender, tapers to the front, blunt rear. Pitot tube. Tail. Short, swept-back fin on top of engine. Tail cone. USER COUNTRY CIS.

MODEL 324 (TELEDYNE RYAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aerial Platforms. C-101. Role. Day and night reconnaissance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 20 ft, 1 in (6.12 m). Span: 11 ft (3.35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, swept-back, and tapered.

USER COUNTRY USA. Pointed nose and hump on aft top of craft.Engine(s). Flat-bottomed. Turbojet hidden in aft belly compartment until launch. . Tail. Two swept-back and tapered fins mounted on unequally tapered flats. Fuselage.

MK-105 Flash. Length: 21 ft. Scout. Span: 31 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. None. High-mounted. Role. EW.55 m). Reconnaissance.MODEL 410 (TELEDYNE RYAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aerial Platforms. Armament. USA. . Dimensions. 3 in (9. 6 in (6. tapered with a blunt tip. Pioneer.60 m).

USER COUNTRY USA. Tail. Tapered back fins mounted on booms.Engine(s). . Fixed landing gear. Fuselage. Flat bottom. Rectangular flat between fins. Four-cylinder turbo on rear of fuselage in the opposing position. Round and tapers to the front and rear.

Similar Aerial Platform.MIRACH 26 (ALENIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.85 m). Dimensions. MK-105 Flash. and tapered to square tips. Role. Close-range tactical mini-UAV. straight to midwing. 6 in (3. Ranger. Length: 12 ft. Armament. Mastiff. Span: 15 ft. . None.73 m). High-mounted. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Shaheen. 5 in (4. Italy.

Rectangular flat between fins. Sensors. with curved spine. USER COUNTRY Italy. wide belly fins.Engine(s). Long. Small piston engine mounted on the rear of the body in the opposing position. swept-back fins. . Fuselage. Tail. Thin tail booms to tall. Rounded.

804 m). Dimensions. Role.MIRACH 100 (METEOR) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. tactical cruise. Mirach 150. Length: 13. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings.126 m). Armament. ft 5 in (4. Similar Aerial Platform. C. Low-mounted. Target drone. HE warhead on cruise. back-tapered and semidelta with square tips. Span: 5 ft. MQ-2 Bigua. Marakub 100 (Iraq). Italy. 9 in (1. . Iraq.22. Libya.

Back-tapered.Engine(s). Oval intake and round exhaust. Single jet on top rear. Tail. Tail cone. Italy. Fuselage. Iraq. tapered to the front and rear. Libya. Two belly fins. V-type flats on sides of engine. Greece. . Round. USER COUNTRIES Argentina (MQ-2 Bigua).

Role. Dimensions: Length: 10 ft. Usually none. USA.40 m).MK-105 FLASH (IAT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. High-mounted and forward tapered from midwing to the square tips. Armament. France. Mastiff. Span: 14 ft. . Mirach 26. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. MK III. Shaheen. Germany. 4 in (4. Ranger ADS 90.34 m). Similar Aerial Platform. 9 in (3. UK. Short-range multirole UAV.

prop driven on rear of fuselage in the opposing position. Four-cylinder.Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES France. Square flat on top of fins. Back-tapered fins on booms. Round with round. . glass nose. Germany. Fuselage. Thin booms. IR bubble sensor on belly. Tail.

Armament. Similar Aerial Platform.1 m). Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Donier DAR. Germany. Dimensions.MK-106 HIT (IAT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 8 in (2. UK. Multirole. USA. None. Mid-mounted and semidelta with square tips. Winglets at tips. Harry. France. 5 in (2 m). Large semidelta canards mounted . Length: 6 ft. AW-10. Raki. Span: 6 ft. reconnaissance/targeting.

Germany.high at the nose section. Engine(s). tapering to the round nose. . prop-driven and mounted in the rear in opposing position. USA. Launch fairing on belly. Fuselage. Round. UK. Four-cylinder. USER COUNTRIES France. Tail. No fins or flats.

Span: 16 ft. 9 in (4.PIONEER (AAI. Scout II. . Struts on wings attached to body. IAI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.11 m). 7 in (5. Armament. High-mounted and straight with square tips. Similar Aerial Platforms. Short and medium-range surveillance and reconnaissance. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. USA. Hunter. Length: 13 ft. Scout. Role. Dimensions. Israel.26 m). None.

tapers to a pointed nose and rear.Engine(s). prop-driven and mounted in fuselage rear in the opposing position. 12-34 . Booms mounted to square fins which extend above and below a straight flat. slab-sided. USER COUNTRIES Israel. Fuselage. USA. Fixed landing gear. Oval. Tail. Single.

Similar Aerial Platform. Reconnaissance. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings.12 m). targeting. Role. Armament. 6 in (8. D-4 NPU. 7 in (12.PREDATOR (GAAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. USA. None. Span: 41 ft. . Length: 26 ft.71 m). Low-mounted and sharply-tapered with a slight positive slant.

USER COUNTRIES USA.Engine(s). . prop-driven and mounted on rear in the opposing position. tubular. No fin. Single. Round. Low-mounted rectangular flats and sharp negative slant. Tail. Bulging at the front one-third. Fuselage.

. 6 in (3.25 m). Remote terrain observation. negative slanted tips. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. None. Armament.78 m). High-mounted and straight with blunt. Length: 9 ft.SHMEL-1 Yak-061 (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS. Span: 10 ft. Role. 1 in (2. None. Dimensions. Similar Aerial Platform.

Prop-engine and has a round enclosure at the rear in the opposing position.Engine(s). . Tail. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES CIS. bullet nose. Syria. Three swept-back stabilizers on rear of craft forming the engine housing. Pads on feet of four curved legs for landing. Rounded.

3 m). Length: 5 ft 9 in (1. Germany. Brevel. Span: 7 ft 5 in (2. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Shaped charge. Similar Aerial Platform.TAIFUN (SYSTEMTECHNIK NORD) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Anti-armor drone.8 m). Dimensions. None. Crew. Role.

Back-tapered top and belly fin with square tips and sensor pods. Two cylinder. Round. cylinder-shape with bulbous nose and blunt rear. Mid-mounted. Fuselage. back-tapered with square tips. X-section. piston engine with prop mounted in the opposing position. . USER COUNTRY Germany. Tail. Engine(s).Wings.

Apache. Span: 11 ft. square tips. Dimensions. . USA. Similar Aerial Platforms. Role. and untapered with small. Nuclear or HE warhead.32 m). Armament. Length: 20 ft. Low-mounted.TOMAHAWK AGM-86 (BOEING AEROSPACE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. swept-back. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. 9 in (3. Air-launched cruise missile. 7 in (6.65 m).

Fin backtapered with square tip. . May have propfan. Tail. Turbofan in aft section. Flats low-mounted and straight. Oval intake and a round exhaust. Some versions have V-tail. Fuselage. USER COUNTRY USA. Tapers to a round nose and at rear section. Slabsided with flat bottom.Engine(s).

J MiG-29 Fulcrum Mirage III/5 Mirage F1 SF. 326 M.B. AND FIGHTER-BOMBER AIRCRAFT A-4 Skyhawk A-6 Intruder A-7 Corsair II A-10A Thunderbolt II A-37 Dragonfly Alpha Jet AMX AV-8B Harrier II Buccaneer Draken F-1 F-4 Phantom II F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II F-16 Fighting Falcon F/A-18 Hornet F-104 Starfighter F-111 Aardvark F-117A Night Hawk Fantan A.B. 339A MiG-17 Fresco MiG-21 Fishbed MiG-27 Flogger D.. APPENDIX MASTER AIRCRAFT LIST GROUND-ATTACK. CLOSE AIR SUPPORT.260W Su-7B Fitter A Su-17.-22 Fitter Su-24 Fencer Su-25 Frogfoot Super Etendard Tornado IDS Viggen AJ-37 Yak-28 Brewer Yak-38 Forger .91Y Galeb/Jastreb Hawk Jaguar Kfir L-39 Albatross Magister CM. Q-5 G. .-20.170 M.

Queen Air UV-18A Twin Otter . Tu-26 Backfire Tu-95 Bear Tu-160 Blackjack .222 Il-14 Crate Il-76 Candid UTILITY AIRCRAFT An-2 Colt C-12 Super King Air. B200 C-23A Sherpa King Air O-1 Bird Dog O-2 Skymaster OV-10 Bronco Skyservant PC-7 . An-26 Curl An-32 Cline An-72 Coaler An-124 Condor Aviocar C-212 Buffalo. . C-8A C-5 Galaxy Caribou. BOMBER AIRCRAFT B-1B Lancer B-2 B-52 Stratofortress Canberra Il-28 Beagle Tu-16 Badger Tu-22 Blinder .AIR SUPERIORITY AND INTERCEPTOR AIRCRAFT F-14 Tomcat F-15 Eagle MiG-19 Farmer MiG-23 Flogger B MiG-25 Foxbat MiG-31 Foxhound Mirage 2000 . Skyvan 3M U-6A Beaver U-8F Seminole. Su-15 Flagon Su-27 Flanker Tornado ADV . C-7A C-17A Globemaster III C-123 Provider C-130 Hercules C-141B Starlifter C-160 Transall DC-3 Dakota G. CARGO AND TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT An-12 Cub An-24 Coke.

OBSERVATION. UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES AND CRUISE MISSILES Apache CWS AS-4 Kitchen AS-15 Kent Banshee BTT-3 Brevel D-4 NPU DR-3 Reys Model 324 Model 410 Mirach 26 Pioneer Predator Raven Scout Shmel-1 Yak-061 . EARLY WARNING.HELICOPTER AIRCRAFT AH-1F Cobra AH-1W Super Cobra AH-64 Apache Alouette II Alouette III BO 105 CH-3/HH-3E Jolly Green Giant CH-46 Sea Knight CH-47 Chinook CH-53 Sea Stallion Dauphin 2 Defender 500 Gazelle Hirundo A109 Ka-50 Hokum Lynx Mangusta A129 Mi-1 Hare Mi-2 Hoplite Mi-4 Hound Mi-6 Hook Mi-8 Hip Mi-24 Hind Mi-26 Halo Mi-28 Havoc OH-6A Cayuse OH-13 Sioux OH-58D Kiowa Puma Scout. AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT A-50 Mainstay E-2C Hawkeye E-3A Sentry EA-6B Prowler EF-111A Raven Il-20 Coot-A Nimrod AEW3 OV-1 Mohawk P-3C Orion S-2 Tracker S-3A Viking . Wasp SH-3 Sea King Super Frelon UH-1 Iroquois UH-1N Model 212 UH-60A Black Hawk .

BQM-34 Firebee II C-101 Crecerelle Mirach 100 MK-105 Flash MK-106 HIT Taifun Tomahawk AGM-86 . .

and fixed-wing aircraft. armed and equipped to carry combat troops into battle and operating from land or sea ASW ATF ATGM antisubmarine warfare advanced tactical fighter antitank guided missile .GLOSSARY AAI AAM AEW AGM aileron ALCM altitude ART-V ASM aspect AAI Corporation air-to-air missile airborne early warning air-to-ground missile aircraft roll control air-launched cruise missile height above sea level aircraft recognition training-visual 35-millimeter slide kit air-to-surface missile aircraft appearance with respect to a ground observer assault gunship rotary.

FAAD weapon system Airborne Warning and Control System British Aerospace (aircraft manufacturer) rounded tail fin and flats of a particular aircraft type (O-1 Bird housing on an aircraft for troops or cargo computer aided instruction winglets. CIS (former USSR) inclination of aircraft in relation to the ground (heading. slats retracted. located forward of the center of cover for cockpit close air support Construcciones Aeronauticas SA cluster bomb unit compact disc straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an airfoil Commonwealth of Independent States (formerly USSR) aircraft in flight with landing gear. controllable or fixed.ATOLL attitude and roll) Avenger AWACS BAe butterfly tail Dog) cabin CAI canards gravity canopy CAS CASA CBU CD chord section CIS clean without AA-2-2 air-to-air missile. and or external stores . pitch. flaps. 30-millimeter cannon on A-10A Thunderbolt II.

but unconfirmed by recognition. DHC dihedral downward DeHavilland Canada (aircraft manufacturer) upward or positive slope of the wings or tail flats (anhedral is the or negative slope) DOD dogtooth increase in Department of Defense horizontal step in the leading edge of the wing resulting from an chord dorsal spine equipment drone ECM elevator ELINT EMB Exocet fairing along the back of an aircraft. usually housing avionic pilotless aircraft (remotely controlled) electronic countermeasures a hinged.cluttered cockpit COIN detection military aircraft with external stores (bombs. the perception of an object of possible interest. missiles. horizontal surface that controls the pitch of an aircraft electronic intelligence Embraer (aircraft manufacturer) French-built air-to-surface missile (antiship) . any means (NATO) the discovery by the presence of a person or object of potential military significance. and fuel tanks) housing for crew and aircraft instrumentation (co-in) counterinsurgency (DOD) in tactical operations.

the inner ends would overlap (the solution to this problem is a fixed inner wing called a glove).FAAD fairing fin) fence of forward area air defense streamlined covering (also curvature in spine connected to the tail projection parallel to the wing chord that modifies the distribution pressure ferry range fin flap flat FLIR fuselage GCS glove impossible maximum range without payload vertical stabilizer movable surface that increases the lift or drag of an aircraft horizontal stabilizer forward looking infrared body of an aircraft ground control station located at the pivots on variable-geometry aircraft. man-portable antiaircraft missile generally a helicopter that was designed for battlefield attack. It is to have one-piece pivotal aircraft because at zero sweep. GOAR slide kit ground observation aircraft recognition (an obsolete 35-millimeter superseded by ART-V) Grail gunship CIS-built built SA-7. .

AC-119. HARM defenses. Full "hautsubsonique optiquement teleguide tire d'un tube". HOT name is air-to-ground antitank missile. hardpoint is reinforced stations to which external stores can be attached. also called Euromissile Hot. The missile is also fired from attack fixed-wing aircraft (A-10A Thunderbolt II). Hellfire some US-built AGM 88A high-speed antiradiation missile used against air helicopter-launched fire and forget. friend or foe (generally electronic) angle at which a wing is set in relation to the fuselage axis infrared (NATO) In imagery interpretation. IAI IAT Israel Aircraft Industries (aircraft manufacturer) International Aerospace Technology identification (DOD/IADB) the process of determining the friendly or hostile character of an unknown detected contact. recognizable objects as being friendly or enemy. and AC130). the discrimination between objects within a particular type or class IFF incidence IR identification. discrimination between In ground combat operations. .Also some fixed-wing aircraft are designated gunships (AC-47. Pylon another term. or the name that belongs to the object as a member of a class.

using natural cover) night observation gunsight night observation surveillance uncovered tail boom with visible framework . or on the seas US-built AGM-65 air-to-surface missile Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm (aircraft manufacturer) primary task millimeter mission planning and control station miles per hour enclosed engine housing (also an enclosed passenger cabin like the C- North Atlantic Treaty Organization nap-of-the-earth (flying low. One Mach=1.KMPH knot loiter LEX LERX Mach maritime Maverick MBB mission mm MPCS MPH nacelle 119) NATO NOE NOGS NOS open lattice kilometers per hour one nautical mile (1.152 land miles per hour) flight endurance leading edge extension leading edge root extension speed of sound. under.116 feet per second at sea level actions performed by forces over.

object In ground operations. and possibly its class or type. fixed wing jet. and engines Panstwowe Zaklady Lotniczc (state aviation works) at the cities of and Swidnik in Poland QSTAG radius loiter RAF RAM range recognition objects Quadripartite Standardization Agreement the distance an aircraft can fly and return including standoff and Royal Air Force Ramenskoye Flight Test Center in the former USSR performance characteristic expressed as total distance (DOD/IADB) the determination by any means of the individuality of such as aircraft. (NATO) the determination of the . cargo. bombs. aircraft (helicopter.ordnance Phoenix PNVS port pylon PZL Mielec aircraft weapons load US-built AIM-54 air-to-air missile pilot's night vision sensor left side looking forward structure that links aircraft to loads. etcetera). for example. nature or a detected person. object. the determination that an is similar within a category of something. drop-tank. This may include the determination of a individual within a particular class or type. or phenomenon.

or radar fingerprints sea level side-looking airborne radar US-built AIM-7 air-to-air missile AC-130 Hercules gunship AC-47 Skytrain gunship short-range attack missile part of the tail assembly (horizontal flats and vertical fin(s)) right side looking forward .RISTA RN role RPV SAAB sawtooth SEAD reconnaissance. such as a fighter-bomber remotely piloted vehicle SAAB-Scania a step in the leading edge of an aircraft wing suppression of enemy air defenses service ceiling operational height above sea level Shadow Shrike Sidewinder signature SL SLAR Sparrow Spectre Spooky SRAM stabilizer starboard AC-119 Flying Boxcar gunship US-built AGM-5 air-to-surface antiradiation missile US-built AIM-9 -series air-to-air missile smoke. surveillance. intelligence. targeting and acquisition Royal Navy function. infrared.

Stealth STOL store strake strategic bomber attack low-visibility aircraft with little or no radar signature short takeoff and landing payload small stabilizer on aircraft surface (Kfir nose section) aircraft designed primarily for long-range bombing or missile strategic transport personnel aircraft designed primarily for the transport of cargo or over long distances threat aircraft of an bearing the military markings and or having the configuration aircraft employed by a known hostile nation. airlift. or meeting the criteria as prescribed by policy swept-back backwards inclination of the wing or tail plane. and special operations TADS tail plane target acquisition and designation sight horizontal stabilizer-tail flat . close air support. air reconnaissance. air interdiction. measured relative to the fuselage by the wing or tail plane center line subsonic supersonic tactical air ops of a speed less than the speed of sound a speed in excess of the speed of sound USAF term air operations involving the six combat functions counterair.

commonly called a belly fin VSTOL WEFT vertical short takeoff and landing wings. combustion chamber. fuselage. locate. Method used to learn aircraft's major parts for recognition training Wild Weasel an aircraft specifically modified to identify. tail. and physically destroy or suppress enemy ground-based air defense systems . turbine. engine(s). and propulsive nozzle turboshaft as turbine where energy is transferred from gas jet to drive a high-speed shaft and helicopter blade UAV UK USSR unmanned aerial vehicle United Kingdom former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics restructured to Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) VACR visual aircraft recognition movable wings variable geometry ventral fin stabilizing surface attached to the undersurface of an aircraft.taper TEC turbofan turbojet diminishing width from base to the tip training extension course gas-turbine engine with a large diameter cowled fan simple gas turbine with compressor.

Visual Aircraft Recognition. 1 April 1995. February 1974. Fighter-bomber and Air Superiority. January 1996. GTA 44-2-19. January 1996. 23 May 1964. ACCP IS4400. (O) JCS Pub 3-01. Bomber and Cargo. DOCUMENTS NEEDED These documents must be available to the intended users of this publication. Combat Aircraft . GTA 44-2-17.3.UAV. GTA 44-2-18. . READINGS RECOMMENDED These readings contain relevant supplemental information.Helicopter. 20 January 1984.CAS. Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms. January 1996. DA Form 2028. Joint Doctrine for Air Defense From Oversea Land Areas. Aircraft Recognition Training. Combat Aircraft .REFERENCES SOURCES USED These are the sources quoted or paraphased in this publication. Combat Aircraft . QSTAG 699.

United States Army Chief of Staff Official: JOEL B. HUDSON Acting Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 02387 DISTRIBUTION: Active Army. requirements for FM 44-80.S. Army National Guard. and U.*FM 44-80 30 September 1996 By Order of the Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force: DENNIS J. . REIMER General. Army Reserve: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number 110363.

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