Oil Spills Response

BP Refinery Kwinana, Western Australia

most of them on land. In 2003. loading or unloading • mishaps and collisions between vessels or tankers and other transportation vehicles • ships running aground • ruptured pipelines • oil exploration activities • mechanical failure of oil collection and storage equipment This document outlines the activities by BP and others to manage oil spills within Cockburn Sound. BP Refinery in Kwinana aims for zero oil spills. and our track record is improving year on year. The majority of oil spills are small and easily contained. oil spills may occur as the result of a combination of actions and circumstances. however large spills do occur occasionally which require greater effort in containment and clean-up operations. BP reports to the Department of Environment whenever it causes a spill to water. . four spills over 1 barrel in volume occurred. The major causes of oil spills around the world are: • routine operations such as refuelling.How Do Oil Spills Occur Despite all care being taken.

BP Refinery Kwinana Oil Spill Response Plan Around 160 dolphins live in Cockburn Sound the risk decreasing over time. fish. and effectiveness of oil spill response. local temperature. shoreline marine life and any intensive rearing or fishery operations in the immediate area such as aquaculture pens. All organisms which contact an oil slick surface are at risk. with many deaths resulting from loss or damage of plumage. whereby the oil coats all surfaces in a thick slick. These techniques may be used in isolation. so animals are most at risk directly after the spill. mangroves. breathe and move. Seabirds are particularly susceptible to oil spills. however coastal marine mammals such as seals. skimmers. weather and tidal conditions. species that have mechanisms to avoid adverse conditions. reproduce. recovery of oil for recycling. aerial application of dispersants. and aquatic plants. with mortality and defoliation resulting from the smothering and toxic effect of the oil on the seagrass. hot water washing of rocks and walls. aquatic birds. reptiles and turtles may be susceptible due to their need to surface to breathe and their requirement of breeding on land. This boat is used to provide initial estimates of the size of the spill and monitor the area affected . The immediate threat posed to marine organisms by an oil spill is that of physical smothering. or in combination. whereas the eggs. such as intertidal animals.Factors that Determine the Impact of Oil Spills There are many factors that determine the impact that oil spills have on marine life and the environment. removal of contaminated sand using heavy equipment. and towing the damaged vessel to a safer area. These may include the type and volume of oil spilled. For example. the steps to be taken if a spill does occur. The ability of organisms to survive oil contamination varies. depending on the maritime and environmental conditions of the area. and associated communities. marine mammals. These may include the use of booms. Environmental Impact of Oil Spills Oil spills can have a serious impact on marine organisms such as shellfish. burning of excess oil and debris. and absorbent materials. waterbirds. The refinery has a purpose built boat available for response to oil spills. larval and juvenile stages of organisms may be highly susceptible to oil pollution. and these may include marine mammals and reptiles. with Water birds rest on an oil spill boom Oil Spill Response Technology There are many techniques that can be adopted in the clean-up of an oil spill. The secondary threat posed to marine organisms is the chemical composition of the oil. The risk to large swimming animals such as dolphins and whales is usually low due to their high BP Refinery Kwinana has an extensive oil spill response plan in place in the event that a spill occurs near the Refinery. This plan details the responsibility of each of the emergency response group personnel. mobility. It is used for quick response to any spill. The most toxic components of oil are soluble and highly volatile. Seagrass beds are susceptible to oil pollution. This may eventually lead to the death of organisms due to their inability to normally feed. may simply shut their shells until the immediate threat has passed. season of year. immediate environment of the spill. Plants and animals on the sea bed may be susceptible to sinking oil as toxic components can cause damage to coral reefs. and lists each item of oil response equipment that is available within the Refinery.

these resemble a steel swimming pool when constructed. and the interior provides enough room to enable the carrying of absorbents. and sausage booms. which means that even whilst in the presence of volatile gases there is no risk of combustion. resembles a Zodiac in design. This plan details the responsibility of each of the emergency response group personnel. Fast tanks are also stored on site. Large quantities of absorbent material are available. This is a disc skimmer. and is painted a bright yellow colour for easy visibility in dim lighting conditions. Regular training exercises are conducted at the refinery in oil spill response using the boats and booms. Regular refinery training sessions are conducted each year for all emergency response personnel. the steps to be taken if a spill does occur. which is used for removing oil from the water’s surface. This boat has been specifically constructed for oil spill response and has a number of special features. which has oleophilic (oil loving and water repelling) discs rotating through the water column. pillows. and it excels at producing large amounts of power needed for pulling heavy boom through the water to contain any spills. and facilities for weight attachment located on the bottom of the skirt. Each tank holds approximately 10. including mats. Inflatable “zoom boom” is also stored on site. .BP Kwinana Refinery’s purpose built oil response boat BP's Komara Mk II Skimmer removes oil from the water’s surface until other vessels reach the scene. An intrinsically safe motor powers the boat. The refinery also has a Komara Mk II Skimmer. Surrounding the boat are large floats. This is used to contain spills in a localised position or prevent them from entering environmentally sensitive areas. This boat has a maximum speed of 8 knots. which ensure stability even in the roughest water conditions. which consists of inflatable buoyant tubes on the water surface with a skirt attached below. nylon string. BP Refinery Kwinana has an extensive oil spill response plan in place in the event that a spill occurs near the Refinery. is scraped to a central collection point and is then pumped to storage. The boat is made of aluminium. The compressor starts the motor of the boat using air from the atmosphere. and can be utilised to store any oil removed from the water. equipment and containers for holding the retrieved oil. and a crew of fully trained emergency response personnel are on call 24 hours a day. and additional training courses are conducted at the Australian Marine Oil Spill Centre (AMOSC) and with the Department of Planning and Infrastructure. The oil adheres to the discs.000 litres. Large quantities of dispersant are stored on site as part of the National Plan (see below for details of the National Plan) however the use of dispersant is not employed due to the sensitive marine communities and relatively shallow water surrounding the Refinery. and lists each item of oil response equipment that is available within the Refinery. seven days a week to respond to any incidents. this motor contains no electrical parts and therefore is incapable of producing any sparks. This device floats on the water surface and is very successful in removing oil from the water.

state and industry members. Commonwealth and Territory governments and the oil. a Commonwealth Government organisation.The British Beech is one of BP's new fleet of double hulled ships Additional Oil Response Resources Available The National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil (National Plan) is Australia’s contingency and response plan which involves the joint efforts of the State. various port authorities and the state’s oil and gas industry including BP Refinery (Kwinana). Oil spill response exercise in North Fremantle . The National Plan is managed by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA). Team members participate in regular training exercises to ensure they are well equipped with the skills required to respond to an oil spill emergency along our coast or on one of our many waterways. which has commonwealth. The WA Oil Spill Response Team was formed by the Department for Planning and Infrastructure in 2001 following a review of State oil spill preparedness arrangements. exploration and shipping industries to meet the threat of oil spills to Australia’s marine and coastal environment. The team consists of representatives of the Department. with guidance provided by the National Plan Advisory Committee.

The Australian Marine Oil Spill Centre (AMOSC) is a private company owned by the Australian Institute of Petroleum (AIP). through which an individual company can obtain assistance from other oil companies in responding to large spills. as will Fremantle Ports. Depending on the size of the spill. as they are the agency which has statutory authority and responsibility for all oil spills occurring in Cockburn Sound.com Printed on 100% recycled paper . skimmers and other oil spill response equipment. The Department for Planning and Infrastructure coordinates membership and ongoing training for the team and liaises with other agencies and community organisations often called on in the event of a spill.The hands-on training includes the deployment and use of a variety of booms. Western Australia 6168 Telephone: (08) 9419 8500 Facsimile: (08) 9419 9836 Email: gkrdenvironmental@az1.bp. BP Refinery (Kwinana) may call upon a number of organisations to assist. with members from the oil industry. the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) and the Australian Marine Oil Spill Centre (AMOSC). The role of AMOSC is to administer the Marine Oil Spills Action Plan (MOSAP). Other organisations that can be contacted for assistance are the Department of Planning and Infrastructure. In all emergency situations within the vicinity of the refinery. BP Refinery (Kwinana) Pty Ltd PO Box 2131 Rockingham. the refinery’s emergency response group will respond.

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