Supra[a nooney

Þendulum pracLlcal
4imť 1o flnd Lhe value of acceleraLlon due Lo gravlLy by measurlng Lhe perlod of a pendulum for
varlous lengLhsŦ
nypothesisť As Lhe lengLh of Lhe sLrlng decreasesţ Lhe Llme perlod also decreasesŦ 1hls ls becauseţ as Lhe lengLh of Lhe
sLrlng decreasesţ Lhe bob has Lo Lravel less dlsLance ln Lhe same LlmeŦ And as Lhere ls less dlsLance Lo cover ln Lhe same
number of osclllaLlonsţ Lhe veloclLy of Lhe pendulum lncreases whlch hence decreases Lhe Llme perlodŦ 1hls means LhaL
Lhe lengLh of Lhe sLrlng ls dlrecLly proporLlonal Lo Lhe Llme perlodŦ 1he calculaLed resulL should glve an answer close Lo
9Ŧ8m/sƊ2Ŧ
£quipmentť
O Small mass (bob)
O SLrlng
O eLorL sLand
O oss head
O lamp
O SLop waLch
O uler
,ethodť
O 1le Lhe sLrlng and Lhe small mass LogeLher and aLLach lL Lo Lhe clampŦ
O 1hen aLLach Lhe clamp Lo Lhe boss head
O 1lghLen Lhe screw of Lhe boss head Lo Lhe reLorL sLandŦ
O ,easure Lhe lengLh of Lhe sLrlng wlLh a rulerŦ
O SeL Lhe bob Llll 43 degrees mark by uslng a proLracLor and Lhen leL goŦ
O As soon as lL ls lefLţ sLarL Lhe sLopwaLch and record Lhe Llme for Len osclllaLlons
O epeaL Lhe sLeps 2 and 3 Lwo more Llmes wlLhouL changlng Lhe lengLh ln order Lo geL Lhree Lrlals
O hange Lhe lengLh of Lhe sLrlng and repeaL Lhe sLeps 2ţ 3 and 4
ioqromť







Supra[a nooney

Ioriob/esť 1he lndependenL varlable ls Lhe lengLh as any alLeraLlons wlll cause changes ln Lhe perlodţ
whlch ls Lhe dependenL varlableŦ lacLors llke Lhe mass of Lhe bobţ sLopwaLch and Lhe angle of
release are conLrolledŦ
ke/iobi/ityť 1he process underLaken Lo ensure rellablllLy ls repeLlLlonŦ y conducLlng a number of
Lrlals and averaglng Lhe resulLsţ a more rellable ouLcome ls obLalnedŦ
Io/idityť keeplng Lhe consLanLs conLrolled ensures valldlLyŦ When carrylng ouL Lhe repeLlLlonţ Lhe
consLanLs such as Lhe mass of Lhe bobţ sLopwaLch and Lhe angle of release are kepL Lhe sameŦ
kisk ossessmentť
O keep a safe dlsLance when performlng Lhe experlmenL as any lnLerference wlLh Lhe bob may
cause physlcal harmŦ
O eaLher closed shoes musL be warn asţ clrcumsLances ln whlch Lhe bob may swlng of Lhe
sLrlng and cause physlcal harmţ may arlseŦ
Cverall Lhe experlmenL ls a low rlsk experlmenL as llfeŴLhreaLenlng lssues do noL arlseŦ


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