APA STYLE Reference Formats

(revised 16/09/2007) Important: Effective June 15, 2007, APA style guidelines for electronic resources (section 4.16 of the Manual, pp. 268-281) changed. Referencing online journal articles and some other materials has changed to emphasize using an assigned DOI (digital object identifier). Date of retrieval is no longer included for materials that are unlikely to be changed or updated (PDF/page images).

The examples below are consistent with the format for citing material as indicated in the 5th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Ref BF 76.7 P83 2001. Examples for online materials are adapted from the 2007 APA Style Guide to Electronic References. They should be consulted for further information and types of references not listed here. See the Publication Manual, Fifth Edition Reprint Corrections for the latest changes to the Manual. APA Manual (p. 299) indicates that all references are double-spaced within and between references, only one space follows all punctuation (except for abbreviations which do not have spaces), and use "hanging indent" format; that is, the first line is flush along the left margin, and subsequent lines for an entry are indented one-half inch (word processing software default).Depending on individual web browsers, indents may not appear as a true one-half inch. Also note that URLs (web addresses) are not underlined, even though some software will automatically underline.

) Online Dissertations & Theses Articles in Professional/Scholarly Journals Articles in Popular Magazines Newspaper Articles ERIC Documents U. dictionary. etc.S. Encyclopedias & Unpublished Theses Articles in Professional/Scholarly Journals Articles in Popular Magazines Newspaper Articles ELECTRONIC Web Sites/Pages Electronic/e-Books. Chapters.SOURCES PRINT Books. Government Executive Document Message Posted to an Electronic Mailing List (Archived) Abstract of a Work in an Online Database Conference presentation slides (online) MISCELLANEOUS Graphic representation of data Podcast Film Personal & Other Electronic Communications ERIC Documents Government Publications & Court Decisions Proceedings of Meetings & Symposia Doctoral Dissertations . Technical/Research Reports Online Reference Materials (encyclopedia. eBook Chapters.

one author McKibben. no author or editor Place title in the author’s position.). Edited book (editor in place of author) Inness.net. G. D. (1998). L. A. Indianapolis: Sams.PRINT SOURCES (NON-ELECTRONIC) Books. (Ed. P. L. in place of the author’s name... The age of missing information.).). Book. W. L. (1997). C. subsequent edition (2nd. multiple authors Larson. etc. & Unpublished Theses Book. cite in text using a few words of the title. & Carter. PA: Intermed Communications. (1998). multiple authors (editor in place of authors) Moriarty. Book. Book Chapters. S. or the whole title if it is short. Teach yourself web publishing with HTML 4 in a week (4th ed. Delinquents and debutantes: Twentieth-century American girls’ cultures. Edited book. Book.& Rivers. Criminal justice technology in the 21st century. D. (1992). New York: Random House. Springhouse. (1982). Ellis. Essentials of chemical dependency counseling. 3rd. Springfield: Charles C. B.. J.) Lemay. C. Article or chapter in an edited book . (1984). alphabetize by the first significant word in the title. Thomas. New York: New York University Press. New York: Columbia University Press. (Eds. Professional guide to diseases.

& Fraser. (Eds. Hetherington (Vol. DC: American Psychological Association. Corporate authorship Institute of Financial Education. G.) & E. & Martin. New York: Author. Poon (Ed. (1980). The volumes should be identified. In P. 1-101). enclose "Original work published" in parentheses. Reprinted or republished chapter Freud. 19. close the entire title.E.). The ego and the id. 239-252). in parentheses. Washington. New York: Wiley. In L. and social development (4th ed. . (1977-1978). No. Self-study report for community health organizations (Pub. C. noting the original date. Handbook of child psychology: Vol.. J. Socialization in the context of the family: Parentchild interaction. with a period. D. London: Hogarth Press. Mussen (Series Ed. Harker J... J.. personality.& Walsh. 3-66). (1983). and Trans. Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp. 21-2329). Contemporary issues and new directions in adult development of learning and memory.). T. Do not use a period between the title and the parenthetical information.. J. Managing personal funds. Report from a private organization (author & publisher same) National League for Nursing. (1961). Strachey (Ed. New York: Plenum Press. In listing a multivolume work. immediately following the book title. Citing multivolume works Wilson. 1-4). O.). pp. W. 4. (1990). S. Handbook of teratology (Vols. pp.H. The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol.Hartley.M. Chapter in a volume in a series Maccoby. (1982). Socialization. including the volume information. In J.). A. (Original work published 1923) Following the entry. the publication dates should be inclusive for all volumes. Chicago: Midwestern. Ed. E. F.

Articles in Professional/Scholarly Journals Article in a journal (continuous pagination throughout volume) Burke. Research Scientist. K.Translated works Freud. Marquette. R. & Deszca. Group and Organizational Studies. Conoley (Eds. NJ: Allen. L. New York: Norton. S. Michigan. . (1970) An outline of psychoanalysis (J. 9. pp. Review of the Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments by NANCY L. N.). 1071-1094). Educational Testing Service. Unpublished master’s thesis. University of Nebraska Press.. Correlates of burnout phases among police officers. In J. (1991). Unpublished master’s thesis Paulosky. Entry in an encyclopedia This includes both general and specialized encyclopedias. Also note that many entries published in MMY contain more than one review. 451-466. D. J. New York: Wiley. Entry in Mental Measurements Yearbook (MMY) Title of the review and authorship appears in italics at the beginning of the review narrative (example provided below). In Encyclopedia of chemical technology (4th edition) (Vol. C. C.. E. Knowledge and attitudes of pain and activities of nurse administrators. 15. ALLEN. Lincoln. NE: Buros Institute. Kramer & J. A. The eleventh mental measurements yearbook. Mass Spectrometry. (1997).). (1992). (1984). Moore. Shearer. begin the reference with the entry title and publication date. Review of the Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments. Trans. If an entry does not have a byline. Northern Michigan University. (Original work published 1940) The original publication date is the last portion of the entry and should be in parentheses with the note "Original work published" followed by the date. Strachey. J. Princeton.

) Following the entry. Citing articles in weekly periodicals Kauffmann. (1993. (1998. October 18). Writing Lab Newsletter. In S.Article in a journal (paginated by issue) Berkerian. (2000. D. A1. The New York Times. Article in a Popular Magazine Caloyianis. & Zimmerman. p. The New Republic. Research readings for discipline-based art education. enclose "Reprinted from" in parentheses.). (1988). September 16). B1. noting the original publication information. (1988. VA: NAEA. Reston. N. G. The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. National Geographic. (1993. S. 9-11. A21. September). p. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research. May) "Aerobic writing": A writing practice model. 6071. 10-36. . Close with a period. January 15). 45(2). Reprinted or republished articles Clark. A. Professional roles and activities as models for art education. S. (1993). Citing articles in monthly periodicals Chandler-Crisp. 34-39. Dobbs (Ed. Greenland sharks. (Reprinted from Studies in Art Education. The Washington Post. D. 19 (1986). 194.30. pp.. No author identified Clinton puts 'human face' on health-care plan. Article in a Newspaper (Discontinuous pages) Von Drehle. Russians unveil new security plan. E. On films: Class consciousness. pp.

ED267055) ERIC Document (with document report number) Kirsner. (ERIC No. L. ED366923) ERIC Document . DC: Council on Postsecondary Accreditation. North Myrtle Beach. Issues in the creation and coordination of an academic computing help desk. Customer satisfaction: communication training and the help-desk hot-line. Washington. & Bethell. (1994). IL.. ED416553) ERIC Document . (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Kean College.Master's thesis Bastolla.published conference paper Lucas. (1998). ED425722) ERIC Document .unpublished conference paper Shaw. Chicago. Master's thesis. NCRTL-RR-92-7). M. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. (1992). S. S. A. In Association of Small Computer Users in Education: Proceedings of the ASCUE Summer Conference. The role of accreditation in directly improving educational quality. Whole language and Basal readers.ERIC Documents ERIC Document (without document report number) Jung. ED347093) ERIC Document . M. 8792). L. (1986).doctoral dissertation . (1997. C. R. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association. SC (pp. Creating a flexible and responsive learning environment for general mathematics students (Report No. (ERIC No. S. East Lansing. November). A.

L. etc. Doctoral dissertation. article or chapter in an edited book. Values and academic achievement among rural Indian high school students in North Dakota. Administration on Aging.S.Clark. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. which is a proper name. provide title. Government Congressional document For legislative materials such as hearings. University of North Dakota. page of the document where the hearing begins (usually 1)..) on pp. Court decision United States v. Other examples appear in the APA Publication Manual (5th ed. Youth. Washington. (1983). Proceedings of Meetings & Symposia Published Proceedings Published proceedings. 1 (1998). and date. DC: U. ED242469) Government Publications & Law U. 256-258.. Government Printing Office. reports.S. Nixon. Government executive document Note that the agency publication number may appear on the document or in the online catalog. . J. 105th Cong. published contributions to a symposium. 683 (1974). Lansing: Michigan Department of Commerce. session. 418 U. Congress. Capitalize the name of the symposium. Michigan Government executive document Office of International Development. and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. (1985).S. bills. U. House of Representatives.S. Alzheimer's disease handbook (DHHS Publication No. Investor's guide to Michigan. OHDS 84-20813). (1984). Charter schools: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood.

USA. J. D. and disorders of Emotion. In R. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 95. (University Microfilms No. 533A. & Nottebohm. 89. (1999). . J. Proceedings published regularly Treat regularly published proceedings as periodicals. 251-328). J. panic. (1992). 13721375. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol.Barlow. (1998)... F.. L. WI. Dissertation Abstracts International. (1996). A. and fear (pp.). Posters Raspe. anxiety. Hemispheric diffences in avian song discrimation. Relationship among given names in the Scilly Isles. Symbolic Speech: Legal mobilization and the rise of collegiate hate speech codes (Doctoral dissertation. An investigation of nurses' interpersonal needs and their willingness to self-disclose. A. 15436-15439. panic. Cynx. I. AAD93-15947) Doctoral dissertation abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) and obtained from the university Gould. Perspectives on anxiety.. 43. H. Chorpita. Dissertation Abstracts International. Milwaukee. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 51 (01). Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. B. (1991. If only an abstract of the article appears in the proceedings. Fear. K. 1999). USA. 60 (02). Wassenaar. Doctoral Dissertations International Abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts Doctoral dissertation abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) and obtained on university microfilm. Williams. indicate such information in brackets after the article title. Dienstbier (Ed. University of Chicago. & Hobson. Houseman. Natal origins of migratory monarch butterflies at wintering colonies in Mexico: New isotopic evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. P. April). D. B. 543B. F.. C. H. (1985). & Turovsky.

html ELECTRONIC/e-BOOKS According to the new APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2007). and break before most punctuation. M. and the museum profession (http://www. (e.org/). a forward slash / ) not after (see example below). URL. Foundations of nursing research (5th ed.ELECTRONIC SOURCES Web sites/pages Entire web site (as opposed to a specific page on the web site) does not appear in the reference list. Another change from 2001 Manual: if you need to continue a web address/URL onto another line. Entire electronic book retrieved from database Nieswiadomy.yale. from http://home. Date of retrieval is included because the content is likely to change.g.icom. Individual web page with personal author Since web documents are similar to print. title.. etc. (1996). Y. make sure to turn off automatic hyphenation in word processing software. from Yale University. G.have direct link to item: Vogel. R. or other reference information" (pp. Note that proper names are capitalized. 2006. database name. (1999). Retrieved September 20. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute Web site: http://www. Carlisle Indian Industrial School history.10. this information should be included if publisher identity is not clear from the "author. B. Retrieved July 1. place of publication. (2005).html Individual work/document/web page available on university program or department Web site Trapp. 2001. but is cited within text as shown in the following sample sentence: The International Council of Museums web site provides many links to museums.06. publisher geographical location (city & state) and name are not necessary in references retrieved electronically. Landis.net/~landis/histry.epix. 1-2). However. Legends of landforms: Native American lore and the geology of .edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2001/6/01. Multiple intelligences: The learning process in our students. (2008). citations to them include the same elements such as author. codes of ethics. U. date.). Entire electronic book . C.x. Retrieved from STAT!Ref database.

(2006). Retrieved from Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality: http://www. PM.hcup-us. (n.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb17. no publication date: Accreditation Commission for Programs in Hospitality Administration.available on the web (not a university): Russo.aspx?ProductId=28788 Entire electronic book . C. L.direct link unavailable or URL leads to information on how to obtain the item.. DeMartino (Eds.10. U. 2006. A.org/forms/acpha/acphahandbook04. (n. no date Most improved elementary schools in math: Survey results.acphacahm.jsp Individual document/report/web page authored by an organization and available on organization Web site.the land. no author identified.pdf Individual work/document/web page available on university program or department Web site Note: Date of retrieval is included because content is likely to be changed. Trapp. from http://www. & Jiang. Retrieved from http://www. Retrieved from PsycBOOKS database.d. Retrieved July 1.06. (2005). Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute Web site: http://www. 2004 (Statistical Brief #17). Entire electronic technical or research report .).html Individual work/document/web page. Diversity in early care and education: Honoring differences. Hospital stays among patients with diabetes.x. 11-22). J. Retrieved from http://www. Y. Note use of "Available from" instead of "Retrieved from": Gonzalez-Mena.htm . 2006. Understanding human motivation (pp. (2007).d. Retrieved July 1.com/product.). Handbook of accreditation. In C.yale.netlibrary.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2001/6/01.sharingsuccess. Multiple intelligences: The learning process in our students.). Human drives. J.php?isbn=007722289X Electronic book chapter Symonds. (1958). H.ahrq. from Yale University. Available from http://mhprofessional. Stacey & M.com/AccessProduct.org/code/highperf/2002-03/es_math/msi /effectivepractices.

A history of early teacher training practices at Northern (Michigan University). (2002).Online Reference Materials Note: Date of retrieval is provided because the most recent date for changes may not be evident. (AAT 1439820) Dissertation retrieved from institutional/university web site Bartel. T. 2007. Researchers may determine multiple DOI's by copying & pasting entries from a references list to the Cross/Ref Simple Text Query. from http://www. If the DOI is not provided on the article or in the database record. not the address which takes you directly to an entry. M. (2007).thecanadianencyclopedia. Kallmann & G. Online Encyclopedia Boss brass. Retrieved July 26. C. Factors associated with attachment in international adoption (Doctoral dissertation. In The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy. enter the citation information using Cross/Ref Simple Text Query or DOI Lookup.pdf Articles in Professional/Scholarly Journals New (June 2007) style guidelines use the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) as assigned. In H.). 2005). but now available online may have a DOI. Encyclopedia of music in Canada. M. 2007. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. Kansas State University.com/ Online Dictionary Terrorism. Potvin (Eds. (2006). . Note that materials originally published prior to the Internet. 1899-1953.bartleby. provide source home page URL. Also. Retrieved from http://krex. Retrieved July 20.com/59/ Dissertations & Theses Master's thesis retrieved from a database (considered published) Saarivirta-Kolpack.edu/dspace/bitstream/2097/131/1/TeresaBartel2005. from http://www.ksu. (2005). This alpha-numeric code usually appears on the article or in the database record.

Changes in forestry policy. format differs from print version or page numbers not indicated Note that the URL should link directly to the article.1177/0269881105058776 Shaw. drugs.library. Retrieved from CINAHL database. T. Note that works with a DOI no longer need a database name. Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity. (2005). Journal of Political Ecology: Case Studies in History and Society. Yuan. doi:10. Since DOI numbers are complex. 13(4). 1-18.arizona. page numbers indicated. do not include date of retrieval. 580-588. When an article without a DOI is retrieved through an online database.A DOI may be verified by searching the Cross/Ref DOI Resolver. P. & Tseng. K. Journal of Nursing Research. W. . Alcohol.CD003818. 253261. P.. final version of article. (2000). content is freely available from publisher. Retrieved from http://jpe. we suggest copying and pasting DOI into reference. and issue number if provided. no DOI. E. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. note the source database which holds the article. 20(4). production.. If the work does not have a DOI assigned. & Biederman. Tang. [changed 6/07] Include author first & middle initials. and the URL is not included.edu /volume_7/Weaver00.. J. T. because they are final versions of articles. & Kenardy.. (2). Weaver. (2006). and the environment in northern Mexico: 1960-2000. O'Rourke. Clinical follow-up study on diabetes patients participating in a health management plan. freely available. H.pub2 Article with no DOI assigned. and attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder: A model for the study of addictions in youth. 7(1). Journal of Psychopharmacology.. J. C. Del Mar. Article with DOI assigned Wilens. content retrieved from an online database..1002/14651858. Always provide issue number (if available) following volume number. (2005). Article with no DOI assigned. doi:10. Also. see additional examples below.pdf Article in a professional/scholarly journal retrieved from a publisher's web site.

. & Bazzell. 24(1).wla. An artisan discovers cash flow. format differs from print version or page numbers not indicated. not the publisher's home page. & Cunradi. B.org/Bulletin/May00/mehra__et_al. retrieved from publisher web site. Newsletter article. formats often differ from the original published version.. Newsweek. Note that the URL should link directly to the article. D.html Article . For example. Ames. G. 2(1). 17. WeLead and academic libraries: A bright future. K. Morais. R. For the majority of popular magazine articles located directly on a publisher's web site. C.us/waal/newsletter/241. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science. and Policy.. Physical and social availability of alcohol for young enlisted naval personnel in and around home port. note the source database which holds the article. (2007. Express-lane medicine. Retrieved from http://www. If they are not used. McGinn. freely available.. 26. Forbes.html Newspaper Articles . Volume. you indicate the OneFile database name. R.com/nw-srv/printed/us/so/a54599-2000jan23. O'Donnell. & Springen. retrieved from an online database. Retrieved from http://www. the URL is not included. Advance online publication. The role of use scenarios in developing community health information system. 2007. 164(10). (1999. When an article without a DOI is retrieved through an online database.Mehra. may or may not include pagination. Retrieved July 25.. July 30). A. N. B.wi. doi:10. 150-152. C. I. M.htm Article in a popular magazine.. no DOI. P. Retrieved from http://newsweek.preprint version (published online before print. Bishop. Article in a popular magazine retrieved from a web site. no DOI assigned. Dowd. S.. & Snoek-Brown. (2007. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention.asis. Winter). (2000).1186/1747-597X-2-17 Articles in Popular Magazines Note: Most popular magazine articles do not have a DOI assigned. P. Retrieved from General OneFile database. October 18).lib. Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians WAAL Newsletter. Also. (2007). the name of the periodical is all that can be provided in the reference. if you searched ReadersGuideAbs and located an online article from General OneFile. no DOI assigned. and page numbers often are not provided. indicate initial page number or range if available) Moore. J. issue.

p. NCRTL-RR-93-1). Volume. note that the source database usually holds the cited article.. L. J. Also. DNA clues improve outlook for red wolf. ED451856). K. issue. formats often differ from the original. Successful collaborations between high schools and community colleges. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. and page numbers often are not provided. S. ERIC Document retrieved from ERIC database (with document report number) Zeuli. F10. the name of the periodical is all that can be provided in the reference. ERIC DOCUMENTS ERIC Document retrieved from ERIC database (without document report number) Brewster. Retrieved from Access World News database.com Article in a newspaper retrieved from an online database (e. (2000.detnews. Since a DOI is not available for most newspaper articles. ED472733). (2007.g. (2000).Article in a newspaper retrieved from a web site For the majority of popular magazine articles located directly on a publisher's web site.ERIC Digest retrieved from ERIC database Schuetz.. ERIC Digest (Report No. Retrieved from ERIC database. J. not the publisher's home page. & Railsback. EDO-JC-00-11). & Tiezzi. If they are not used. When accessing newspaper articles through an online database. P. Full-day kindergarten: Exploring an option for extended learning. (2002). (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Creating contexts to change teachers' beliefs about the influence of research (Report No. Access World News). the URL should link directly to the article. J.. ED364540). no DOI available. The New York Times. Michigan smoking ban takes big step. Heinlein. Yoon. . include the name of the newspaper database where you located the online article as shown below. Whenever possible. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. (1993). C. Retrieved from ERIC database. the URL is not included. Retrieved from ERIC database. December 26). Retrieved from http://www. G. Detroit News. ERIC Document . C. July 24).

Dominican University of California.pdf Message posted to an electronic mailing list (archived) . EPA-452/K-99-001).S. Retrieved from ERIC database. Customer satisfaction: communication training and the help-desk hot-line. Government executive document Note that the agency publication number may appear on the web document or in the library catalog. 8792). ED416553). November). (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association. In Association of Small Computer Users in Education: Proceedings of the ASCUE Summer Conference. J. Retrieved from http://www. Doctoral dissertation. J. M. Retrieved from ERIC database.published conference paper retrieved from ERIC database Lucas. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. North Myrtle Beach. Retrieved from ERIC database. ED425722).ERIC Document . University of Houston. C. ERIC Document . Chicago. (1991). (2005). U. ED491402). (1998). Master's thesis. Characteristics of selected multilingual education programs from around the world: A review of the literature. (1997. Socialization of prospective principals as instructional leaders in the era of "school reform": Anticipatory deskilling and reskilling in the process of becoming a principal. A. SC (pp. Smog-Who does it hurt? What you need to know about ozone and your health (EPA Publication No. ED380442). ERIC Document .unpublished conference paper retrieved from ERIC database Shaw.epa. L.Doctoral dissertation retrieved from ERIC database Briggs-Carter. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Issues in the creation and coordination of an academic computing help desk.gov/airnow//health/smog. Environmental Protection Agency. ERIC Document . (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. L. IL. M.Master's thesis retrieved from ERIC database Lopez. (1999).

K. Interdisciplinary blog for liaisons [PowerPoint slides].mp3 .kent. (2004. Since data sets/banks are frequently updated. P. Conference presentation slides Clumpner. Message posted to Nursing & Allied Health Resources Section of the Medical Library Association (NAHRS) electronic mailing list. [Graph showing trends data of diabetes awareness. (2007.nccd.edu/cgibin/wa.asp Audio Podcast Dwyer. (1998). map. Summary: EBN (nursing) resources [Msg 000958].cdc.wi. T.lib. Ashes to hope: Overcoming the Detroit riots. 5(3). etc. percentage of respondents 18 and older who reported they have been diagnosed with diabetes]. Abstract retrieved from CINAHL database. Rural stroke caregivers: A qualitative study of the positive and negative response to the caregiver role. D. Michigan vs. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians. 1967 Detroit unrest remembered. Trends Data. (2007).exe?LIST=NAHRS Abstract of a work in an online database Although referencing the full-text of an article is preferred. Retrieved from http://www. Wisconsin Dells. April). abstracts may be used as sources. (2007).us/waal /conferences/2007/postconference/clumpner. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.net/production/mp3/michigan/local-michigan608344. Podcast retrieved from http://stream. Nationwide trends 1990-2002.D.pdf MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES Graphic representation of data derived from a data set / data bank When a graphic (graph. Johnson.Feddern. provide the URL of the initial web page used to generate the graphic. (Producer). archived at http://listserv. Retrieved from http://apps. use the following to reference the result. E. Behavioral Risk Facto Surveillance System. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. chart.wla. May 10).gov /brfss/Trends/TrendData.publicbroadcasting. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation. 51-68.) is generated/created from a data set/data bank available online.

(Director). Deeper into hypnosis [Motion Picture].. (Producer). some electronic communications (e..g. & Gluck. 2000).Motion Picture Mass. January 19. B. but are cited within text as follows: M. Personal & Other Communications The APA Publication Manual (5th ed. etc. 214) indicates that personal communications include letters. telephone conversations. J. (1987). Personal communications are not cited in the reference list. Strahan (personal communication. memos. . United States: Prentice-Hall. D. e-mail or messages from nonarchived discussion groups or electronic bulletin boards). H. p.

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