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January 4, 1999 TENSE

TENSE
ASPECT

SYSTEM

IN ENGLISH TO WRITE WROTE WRITTEN


FUTURE ADVERB ADVERB A. I shall write. I. Shall I write ? N. I shall not write. shall (pers. I, sg+pl) will (celelalte pers.) Forma scurt: A. Ill write, youll write. I. Nu exist N. I shallnt write. I shant write. You wont write. tomorrow tomorrow: - morning - afternoon - evening next: - week - month - year - Friday - autumn every - day - week - month - year - Friday - autumn in the morning. in the afternoon. in the evening. at noon. at night. at midnight.

PAST ADVERB A. I wrote (F1). I. Did I write ? (F2). N. I didnt write (F3). yesterday yest./- morning - afternoon - evening last - week - month - year - Friday - autumn 5 minutes 2 days 3 weeks ago 4 months 6 years

PREZENT A. I write. I. Do I write ? N. I dont write. A. He writes. I. Does he write ? N. He doesnt write.

S I M P L E

F. Verb F.2 T. Eu am scris. A. Aciune trecut, fr legtur cu prezentul (timpul povestirii)

F. Verb F.1 T. Eu scriu. A. Aciune repetat, obinuit, de zi cu zi.

F. Shall/will + V. F1 T. Eu voi scrie. A. O aciune viitoare.

C O N T I N O U S

To be
(past) + V + ~Ing.

A. I (*) was writing. * (he, she, it) You were writing. I. Was I writing ? N. I wasnt writing.

- at this time yesterday - at this time -last - week - month - year - Friday - autumn - at 5 oclock yesterday

A. I am writing. I. Am I writing ? N. I am not writing.

now. at this moment.

A. I shall be writing. I. Shall I be writing ? N. I shall not be writing. (shall be)

at this time tomorrow. at this time next: - week - month - year - Friday - autumn at 5 oclock tomorrow

F. To be(past)+ V + ~Ing T. Scriam pe aceeai Vreme. A. O aciune n desfurare la un anumit moment din trecut.

F.To be (present) +V+~Ing T. Eu scriu acum. A. O aciune prezent n desfurare (n momentul vorbirii).

F. Be (viitor)+V+ ~Ing T. Eu voi scrie, mine, pe aceeai vreme. A. O aciune viitoare, la un anumit momemnt (n desfurare).

TENSE
ASPECT

PAST ADVERB

PREZENT ADVERB

FUTURE ADVERB

P E R F E C S I M P L E

A. I had writen. I. Had I writen ? N. I had not writen. Have + V. (F.3)

(pn la) by 5 oclock yesterday by Friday last week by September last year by 1990

F. Have (past) + V (F.3) T. Eu scrisesem. A. Aciune anterioar unui anumit moment din trecut.

A. I shall have writen. - I. Shall I have writen ? just already N. I shall not have writen. ever never yet today this week: - month - year - autumn for : - 2 minutes - 3 days - 5 weeks - 6 months since: -5 oclock - Friday - September - 1995 F. Have (prez) + V (F.3) F. Have (viitor) + V (F.3) T. Am scris. T. Voi fi scris pn la A. Aciunea tocmai A. Aciune viitoare, dar a anterioar unui avut loc i are o anumit moment n viitor. urmare n prezent. A. I have writen. I. Have I writen ? N. I have not writen. He has writen.

by 5 oclock tomorrow by Friday next week by September next year by 2000

P E R F. C O N T I N.

Have + been + ~Ing.

(pn la) A. I had been writing. I. Had I been writing ? N. I had not been writing. by 5 oclock yesterday by Friday last week by September last year by 1990 F. Have (past)+been+V + ~ Ing T. Eu scrisesem. A. Aciune anterioar unui moment din trecut, continu (aciune de durat)

A. I have been writing. for : - 2 minutes A. I shall have been writen. I. Have I been writing ? - 3 days I. Shall I have been writen ? N.I have not been writing - 5 weeks N. I shall not have been writen. - 6 months since: -5 oclock - Friday - September - 1995

by 5 oclock tomorrow by Friday next week by September next year by 2000

F. Have(prez)+been+V + ~ Ing T. Eu scriu de la ora 4. A. O aciune nceput n trecut, desfurat fr ntrerupere i va mai continua (nceput i continu)

F. Have (viitor)+been+ V + ~ Ing T. Voi fi scris. A. Aciune de durat anterioar unui moment viitor.