Þo|ygraph

A poIygraph (popuIarIy referred to as a Iie detector) measures and
records severaI physioIogicaI indices such as bIood
pressure, puIse, respiration, and skin conductivity whiIe the subject is
asked and answers a series of questions. The beIief is that deceptive
answers wiII produce physioIogicaI responses that can be
differentiated from those associated with non-deceptive answers.
Expanded use of the poIygraph as a detector of IIes has been proposed
In the UnIted States and the UnIted KIngdom. The posItIve predIctIve
vaIue of the poIygraph (Ie, the proportIon of posItIve test resuIts that
are true posItIves) was assessed, on the evIdence of the best pubIIshed
data for the sensItIvIty and specIfIcIty of the devIce. In many screenIng
or InvestIgatIve sItuatIons, the predIctIve vaIue wouId be poor; most of
the posItIve resuIts wouId be faIse posItIves. ConsequentIy, truthfuI
persons IncrImInated as IIars by the poIygraph wouId outnumber actuaI
IIars wIth a posItIve resuIt on the test.
SeveraI countermeasures designed to pass poIygraph tests have
been described. Asked how he passed the poIygraph test, Ames
expIained that he sought advice from his Soviet handIer and received
the simpIe instruction to: "Get a good night's sIeep, and rest, and go
into the test rested and reIaxed. Be nice to the poIygraph examiner,
deveIop a rapport, and be cooperative and try to maintain your caIm.



NAME :- MonaIisa Swain
REGD NO :- 0811017048
DATE :- 19/11/2011

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