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Nomenclature, formulae and isomerism
Decide the type of formula and a possible functional group for each of: A
CH2

B
H3C

CH2 C OH

O

C
CH3CHOHCH3

D
Br

E
C3H6O

Type of formula A B C D E select one select one select one select one select one

Functional Group select one select one select one select one select one

Deduce which one of the following is the skeletal formula for 2-methylbutan-2-ol: A B C
OH

D

OH

OH

HO

select a letter

is 2-methylbutan-2-ol select a letter is select a letter is select a letter is

Type the names of the other three structures:

Select the number of structural isomers with molecular formula C4H9Cl select Type each of these structural formulae (eg CH3CH2CH3 would be propane): Select which of the following alkenes show cis-trans isomerism: Cl Cl H3C Cl H3C Cl A H3C select Answers not checked so not ready to print Type your name here Select Close Full Screen and print out this page C C CH3 B H3C C C CH3 C H3C C C Cl select

Select the property of alkenes that leads to cis-trans isomerism:

Nomenclature, formulae and isomerism

ANSWERS
E

Decide the type of formula and a possible functional group for each of: A
CH2

B
H3C

CH2 C OH

O

C
CH3CHOHCH3

D
Br

C3H6O

Type of formula A B C D E

Functional Group

empirical displayed structural skeletal molecular

alkene carboxylic acid alcohol halogenoalkane ketone

Deduce which one of the following is the skeletal formula for 2-methylbutan-2-ol: A B C
OH

D

OH

OH

HO

D is 2-methylbutan-2-ol
Type the names of the other three structures:

A is 2-methypentan-2-ol B is butan-2-ol C is 3-methylbutan-2-ol

Select the number of structural isomers with molecular formula C4H9Cl
Cl Cl Cl

4
Cl

Type each of these structural formulae (eg CH3CH2CH3 would be propane):

CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl (CH3)2CHCH2Cl CH3CH2CHClCH3 (CH3)3CCl
Cl A H3C C C CH3 Cl B H3C H3C C C CH3 Cl

CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl (CH3)2CHCH2Cl CH3CH2CHClCH3 (CH3)3CCl
H3C C H3C C C Cl Cl

Select which of the following alkenes show cis-trans isomerism:

only A shows cis-trans isomerism:
Cl C H 3C C C H
3

C l

Cl C H3C C

CH3 Cl

cis isomer

trans isomer

Select the property of alkenes that leads to cis-trans isomerism:

restricted rotation around the double bond

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