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Flow Master V7 Release Notes

Flow Master V7 Release Notes

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Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes

February 2008

Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1
A range of new functionality aimed specifically at Gas Turbine applications has been made available with Flowmaster V7 Turbine Release 1. Users of Flowmaster V7 Turbine R1 will need to obtain a new license file to access this new functionality. Please contact your Flowmaster representative for details on how to obtain an appropriate license.

New Capabilities
• Fluid Mixing – Flowmaster V7 Turbine R1 is able to model the mixing of gases or the mixing of liquids in an analysis. Flowmaster will calculate the fluid properties of the mixture during the analysis. Flowmaster uses a 'Homogeneous' modelling approach when performing fluid mixing: i.e. only fluids or gases in a similar fluid state can be mixed. For example, Air can mix with Carbon Dioxide, but liquids and or gases in different phases cannot be mixed, for example Air and Water. • Swirl Solver – The Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine release has integrated a swirl solver into its analysis capabilities. This solver calculates the swirl generated by rotating parts in a gas turbine engine and geometrically induced swirl such as preswirl nozzles. The solver also tracks how the swirl is propagated downstream and how it is either enhanced or degraded by the other components downstream. • Swirl represents the portion of the kinetic energy that is attributed to the tangential velocity of the air flow. PT = PS + ½ ρ (u2 + v2 + w2) PT PS ρ u v w → → → → → → Total Pressure Static Pressure Density Radial Velocity Tangential Velocity Axial Velocity
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© Flowmaster Group. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard.

work is done on the system and there can be either an increase or decrease in the tangential velocity depending on the direction of the flow. 2 © Flowmaster Group. This is the air flow through and between the rotating and stationary disks that are attached to the rotor and stator blades. This will result in a pressure and temperature change in the system. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. . This capability is also flexible enough that it allows individual companies to customize the software to use their proprietary correlations for the flows through these rotating passageways. The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard. In this case there is no external work done. • Secondary Air – Through the use of complex cavity components and cavity wizard Flowmaster can utilize the swirl solver to simulate the secondary air systems of gas turbine engines. It can also occur when rotational flow is introduced between two disks spinning at the same speed. Any reduction in swirl (tangential velocity) is converted from kinetic energy to potential energy in the form a static pressure. This can occur with a single rotating disk. This can occur between 2 stationary disks that have rotational flow introduced into the chamber.Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes There are 3 different vortices that can occur in these systems. multiple rotating disks and counter rotating disks. The tangential velocity profile for a forced vortex is v = kωr • General Vortex uses the concept of a linear vortex as a semi-empirical hybrid of the free and forced vortex to represent swirl in real systems where the distinction between free and forced vortices is less clear. Each of these has a different velocity profile for the tangential velocity. • Free Vortex – is a vortex that is not mechanically driven (irrotational). In these cases. Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. These swirling flows have a significant affect on the pressures and temperatures in these rotating cavities. The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. The tangential velocity profile for a free vortex is v = k/r • Forced Vortex – is a vortex that is mechanically driven by a rotating surface.

Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea. This component is used to model the holes through the rotating disks of a secondary air system.Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes New Components Gas Turbine Components The following components have been developed particularly for Secondary Air simulations: • A Compressible Short Orifice component – to allow for the modelling of compressible short orifices with either sharp or radiused edges and also allows for multiple flow paths. • A Rotating Compressible Short Orifice component – This is similar to the stationary short orifice with the added feature that one of 4 speeds can be set in the component. This component is very similar to our pipe component in that it has options for friction modeling and many options for modeling heat transfer. The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard. Similar to the rotating orifice components it has the 3 global speed options. In a secondary air system there can be many of the same losses are repeated in a circular pattern at the same axial position on the gas turbine. • A Compressible Long Orifice component – to allow for the modelling of compressible long orifices with either sharp or radiused edges and also allows for multiple flow paths. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. • A Compressible Rotating Passage component – For passageways that are longer than the orifice model can be applied to and those with more complex rotations. The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. This component is used to model the holes through the rotating disks of a secondary air system. • A Rotating Compressible Long Orifice component – This is similar to the stationary long orifice with the added feature that one of 4 speeds can be set in the component. . This component allows the user to model many of these losses with a single component. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. 3 © Flowmaster Group. • A new Discrete Loss component – This component is used to model any generic loss in a system.

This is important for models that are only modeling a portion of the entire system and it is important to know the initial swirl value.Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes • An Annular Rotating Passage component – Inner Wall Rotating . 4 © Flowmaster Group. • A new User Defined Labyrinth Seal component allows the detailed modelling of a lab seal by importing the actual geometry of the seal and using the swirl solver to accurately calculate the swirl and pressure drop. shaft of the turbine. It is also restricted for axially symmetric rotation only. It can be entered either as tangential velocity or Swirl ratio. • A new Stair Step Labyrinth Seal component has been developed to model typical lab seals it is based on Martins formula but has been modified to provide a global swirl estimation across the whole seal. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. This is useful for modeling the flow around the center • An Annular Rotating Passage component – Outer Wall Rotating . The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. • A new Flow Source w/ Swirl component – to set an initial value for swirl in the boundary condition. shaft of the turbine. This is useful for modeling the flow around the center • A new Pressure Source w/ Swirl component – to set an initial value for swirl in the boundary condition. This is important for models that are only modeling a portion of the entire system and it is important to know the initial swirl value. • A new Staggered Labyrinth Seal component has been developed to model typical lab seals it is based on Martins formula but has been modified to provide a global swirl estimation across the whole seal. It is also restricted for axially symmetric rotation only. Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea.This component allows the inner wall to rotate. . The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. It can be entered either as tangential velocity or Swirl ratio.This component allows the outer wall to rotate. • A new Straight Through Labyrinth Seal component has been developed to model typical lab seals it is based on Martins formula but has been modified to provide a global swirl estimation across the whole seal.

The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard. • The cell component is where the actual analysis is done within the cavity component. 5 © Flowmaster Group. This component is designed to model the cavities formed by the rotating and stationary disks of a gas turbine where the secondary rotational flows become critical. The cell components are part of a sub-network stored under the cavity component but each cell component is also made up of many face components as well. It evaluates the interaction of the rotating and stationary geometry swirl that is generated in the component and Flowmaster provides a specialized wizard to assist in bringing in geometry as well as setting up and evaluating the cavity component. . These components contain the physical attributes of the individual surfaces that make up a cell. The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. New Fluids added to the Database The following fluids have been added to the Aerospace Liquids Library to represent common jet fuels: • • • Jet A. and Av Gas. Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea. • The face components are data storage components that are used in conjunction with the cell components. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. These components are not active in the simulation nor do they provide any results. • The cavity component is actually a specialized composite component that is used to describe the geometry of the cross-sectional area between the turbine and stator disks.Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes • The cavity component is at the heart of the Flowmaster secondary air capabilities. Enhanced Components • Enhancements to the Compressible Rigid Pipe enable the pipe to model all of Flowmaster’s compressible heat transfer options. Humid Air fluid properties have been enhanced so that this fluid can be included in a compressible analysis. Jet B.

one of the five Thermal Performance data into Nu v Re12 & Re34 surface. • New Loss Data Converter. The Nusselt Number Translator converts test data Inlet Flow rate of hot and air side fluid.Flowmaster V7 Gas Turbine R1 Release Notes New Tools and Facilities • New Heat Exchanger Nusselt Number Translator. A new capability called the Loss curve converter has been developed to convert defined loss data into dimensionless format. 6 © Flowmaster Group. For further information on each of these capabilities please refer to Flowmaster Help. Inlet Temperature of hot and air side fluid and. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. The Loss curve converter converts experimental data like “Pressure Drop (DP) v Volumetric Flow Rate (Q)” or “Pressure Drop (DP) v Velocity (V)” into “Loss Coefficient (K) v Reynolds number (Re)”. Flowmaster is a registered trademark of The Flowmaster Group BV in the USA and Korea. The Flowmaster product is developed and maintained in accordance to the ISO 9001 Quality Standard. The information supplied in this document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. The mark Flowmaster is a community Trade Mark of The Flowmaster Group BV. A new capability called the Nusselt Number Translator has been developed to convert defined heat exchanger data into dimensionless format. .

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