This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Methods of test for hose made from elastomeric materials
First group: Methods 1, 2, 3
GEOGRAPRE ENTERPRISES PtJ l\;t~ CRAIGIE STREET
SUNBURY Vi.A. 6230
The following scientific, industrial and governmental organizations and departments were officially represented on the committee which prepared this standard: Associated Chambers of Manufactures of Australia Australian and New Zealand Railways Conferences Country Roads Board, Victoria Electricity Trust of South Australia Government Metropolitan Stores Department, N.S.W. Water, Sewerage and Drainage Board, Sydney The Institution of The Rubber Industry Petroleum Marketing Engineers Advisory Committee Society of Automotive Engineers, Australasia State Electricity Commission of Victoria
This standard is under continuous preparation by Committee RUIl, Rubber Hose, and methods are being progressively approved for publication.
Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine 'The Australian Standard', which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an A ustralian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.
Methods of test for hose made from elastomeric materials First group: Methods 1, 2, 3 4A,4B,6 (metric units)
PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
acknowledgment is made of information received from the International Organization for Standardization.AS 1180--June 1972 General Introduction 2 GENERAL INTRODUCTION The development of this series of standard methods of test for hose made from elastomeric materials was undertaken by the Association's Committee for Rubber Hose primarily to service a range of specifications being prepared for various types of rubber hose. In preparing these methods of test. The methods have a fairly general application. Methods relatively specific to a particular type of hose may be found as an appendix in the relevant specification. the British Standards Institution and the American Society for Testing and Materials. The methods refer to the following standards: AS B128-Verification AS B80-Dial of Testing Machines Gauges for Linear Measurement .
1 1180.6 Date June June June June June June June June June June 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 Title Dimensions Tensile Strength and Elongation Accelerated Ageing Ply Adhesion -Dead Weight Method Ply Adhesion -Autographic Method Hydrostati c Pressure .5E 1180.2 1180.Burst Test Hydrostatic Pressure -Proof Test Hydrostatic Pressure -Leak Test Hydrostatic Pressure -Expansion and Distortion Test Impulse Test (PAGE 4 IN THE HARD COPY IS BLANK) .5D 1180.5A 1180.5B 1180.3 AS 1180-June 1972 1st List LIST OF METHODS The methods so far published are: No of Method 1180.3 1180AA 118MB 1180.
Arrangement and Application STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS SCOPE. . Diverse methods for determining the same type of property are distinguished by alphabetical suffix. 'failures' necessarily apply to the hose proper. They are intended primarily to service relevant Australian standard specifications may also find application in investigational and field work. The methods are numbered such that each arabic number refers to a given property. 3 APPLICATION.5 AS 1180--June 1972 Scope. ARRANGEMENT AND APPLICATION 1 SCOPE. This standard comprises a series of general methods for determining the dimensions and other properties of hose made from elastomeric materials. Example: Test Method 7D Resistance to Detergents. When stipulated in a specification the methods shall form part of that specification and shall be subject to any qualifications or modifications so specified. within 25 mm of end fittings but do not 2 ARRANGEMENT. For assembled test specimens.
1. 2 APPARATUS.1 For Outside Diameter: Steel calipers (suitably graduated).1 Hose Proper.1. 3. take two measurements at right angles to each other in the one plane across the hose and calculate the mean. take two measurements at right angles to each other in one plane across the hose and calculate the mean. or Square caliper provided with a vernier scale and locking device. 3. 3. 3. pass it through the hose under a pressure of 70 kPa and assess the constriction of bore by noting any obstruction. 2.1. This method provides means for determining the dimensions of the hose proper and of its components. 2. Any suitable graduated scale such as calipers. Take a steel ball having a diameter equal to the minimum allowable bore less one-half of the minus tolerance. Disregarding hose section at least 25 mm from the end. whichever is most appropriate.1-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 1. 2. whichever is most appropriate. or Expanding ball. Measure hose length with a suitable steel tape.1. Disregarding hose section at least 25 mm from the end. DIMENSIONS 1 SCOPE.2 For Inside Diameter: Internal dial calipers. a .4 Constriction of bore. 3.2 Outside diameter.AS 1180. or Pre-set telescopic gauge. 3 PROCEDURE. or Dial thickness gauge.3 Inside diameter. vernier or dial type.1 Length.3 For Thickness of Components.
constriction of bore.2 Thickness of Components. Strip the hose into individual layers forming the lining and cover and separately measure the thickness of each using the appropriate scale selected from Clause 2. NOTE: For fluted hose determine the thickness from the bottom of the flute.AS 1180--June 1972 2 3. Report the value of(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) the the the the the length. . (iv) Calculate the average of eight measurements. minimum ID. Bisect the piece by cutting it at right-angles to its length and then bisect each half horizontally along its marked diameters. This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972. Mark diameters at each end of the piece at right angles to each other. outside diameter. (i) (ii) (iii) Cut a test piece approximately 50 mm long from a test specimen of the hose. 1751. This method was issued in draft form for public review as Doc. 4 REPORT. thickness of each component separately.2 above. inside diameter.
and which shall apply uniform pressure across the gripping surfaces.2-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 2. Measuring instruments are required for measuring the thickness of the dumbbell test piece. yet eliminate slip or damage to the test piece during testing. and capable of measuring the force with an error of not more than ±2 per cent . b . i. capable of applying a steadily increasing tensile force.AS l1S0. The machine shall be set so that the traverse rate of the driven grips is 500 ±25 mm per minute. maximum load per unit area of original cross-section. the shape of which shall ensure proper alignment of the test piece.. 3. The gauge shall have a scale graduated in unit divisions of 0. is subjected to a steadily increasing tensile force until rupture. consisting of a micrometer dial gauge firmly held in a rigid stand over a flat baseplate of diameter at least 50 mm. Verification AS B80. A suitable tensile testing machine shall be used. free to move without undue friction. It shall be fitted with either an autographic recorder which will record the point of maximum load or alternatively a dial and scale indicator which shall remain at the point of maximum load after the test piece breaks. 3 APPARATUS. A test piece of determined cross-sectional area which has been cut from hose. percentage increase in distance between gauge marks at the point of failure. The maximum load and elongation between two pre-determined gauge marks at the point of failure are determined. 3. TENSILE STRENGTH AND ELONGATION 1 SCOPE. The machine shall be fitted with suitable grips. of Testing Machines. 2 PRINCIPLE. are then calculated. particularly in respect of the * t This requirement complies with Grade B machines of AS B128. The tensile strength. forming the lining and/or cover. i. and percentage elongation.1 Testing Machine. This is a destructive method for determining the tensile strength and elongation of each rubber layer of hose. Dial Gauges for Linear Measurement.e.2 Measuring Instruments.e.025 mm and shall comply with the requirements of AS B80t for a Type A gauge.
and the test specimen shall be allowed to rest for at least 10 min before being tested. For the most accurate results. Should it be impossible to obtain test pieces having a buffed thickness of 0. cut longitudinal specimens of size suitable for cutting out dumbbell shaped test pieces.05 mm which is square to the plunger and parallel with the baseplate. (iii) The variation in tensile strength for different elastomeric materials cannot be adequately compensated for by recommending a single die (iv) Mark the necessary reference lines on the test pieces on the outer side at right angles to the direction of pull to give the appropriate gauge length as shown in Fig. if NOTE: If a solvent in used. The plunger shall be fitted with a flat circular contact of diameter 3. ensure that the rubber is placed so as to permit free evaporation of the solvent from all parts of its surface. If the thickness of the hose lining and/or cover is less than 1. From sample hose of larger diameter cut transverse specimens of size suitable for cutting out dumbbell test pieces. (ii) Buff the rough side of each test specimen to the extent necessary to remove surface corrugations.2-June 1972 2 accuracy of calibration. 2. Measure the thickness at the centre and each end of the gauge length and from the mean values determine the cross-sectional area of the test piece.AS l1S0. Buffing shall be done without excessive heating. 2. Under these circumstances a tolerance of minus 20 per cent shall be permitted on the specified tensile strength and elongation in the appropriate specification.80 ±0. The dial gauge shall operate under a substantial deadweight force of 24 ±3 g normally equivalent to a pressure on the rubber of 20 kPa.80 mm the test piece shall be the maximum thickness obtainable.60 mm but greater than 0. From a sample having a diameter of 30 mm or less. the manufacturer may be obliged to furnish a sample of the cured elastomer taken from the same quality of rubber from which the hose was made and having a cure equivalent to that to which the hose was subjected. very small amounts of suitable solvent. which also includes notes on the care and use of dial gauges. using.80 mm or greater. I in a single stroke of the cutting tool so as to assure obtaining smoothly cut surfaces. . or excessive thickness and to ensure smooth faces. 4 TEST PIECES. irregularities. Prepare the dumbbell test pieces as follows: (i) Remove the cover and lining carefully from the reinforcement necessary. Cut suitable test pieces from the specimen with one of the dies described in Fig. NOTES: I. the instrument shall be used as a comparator as recommended in AS B80. Discard any test piece showing any irregularity of imperfection within the gauge length. allow the sample to rest for at least I hour before testing.
(i) (ii) Obtain the mean cross-sectional area of the test piece. The tensile strength of each test piece shall be calculated by dividing the load at the breakpoint by the initial cross-sectional area. (iii) (iv) Process sufficient test pieces to obtain three satisfactory results. 8 REPORT.h.3 AS 1180. 7 CALCULATION. for a period of not less than 16 hours immediately before testing. 6 PROCEDURE. The value for the elongation for each test piece shall be calculated as the percentage elongation to the nearest 10 per cent. Test pieces which break outside the gauge marks or which slip in the gri ps should be discarded and another test piece tested. Calculate the average of three valid results. The mean value of the elongation of the three test pieces successfully tested and the value of the individual tests. if used. Mount each test piece in the jaws of the testing machine and separate the jaws at a rate of 500 ±25 mm per minute until rupture occurs.2-June 1972 5. The section of the finished hose cut from the sample length shall be tested not less than 5 days after final manufacturing operations. test pieces shall be conditioned at a standard temperature of 20 ±2°C and 60 ±10 per cent r. NOTE: Breakage should occur between the gauge lines on each test piece. The name of the solvent. Read the gauge length until the test piece breaks. . After preparation. CONDITIONING OF TEST PIECES. Report the following information for each lining and/or cover: (i) (ii) (iii) The mean value of the tensile strength of the three test pieces successfully tested and the value of the individual tests.
AS 1180. 6230 .2---June 1972 4 ~'~Ji L-F~ SPACER 18Ull~· ( .A. EXAMPLE OF A TEST PIECE SHOWING GAUGE LINES GEOGRAPRE ENTERPRISES Pq b~ CRAIGIE STREET SUNBURY \!Y.. TT ------ I SEt110N XX Fig. 1. 2. l:NLARCiEO DETAIL OF CUnlNG fDIOE SEC'ION.j ! : II I C·5mm ""Pre.. STANDARD DIES FOR CUTTING DUMBBELL TEST PIECES Fig.
500 DieB 25 1 40 1.250 (See Fig 1) Die D 16 0.25 13 0.25t ±l ±0. However.56 16 0.5 AS 1180.63 33 1. mm in.25 13 0.62 30 12.62 30 1. mm in.25 13 0.5 14 0. mm in. ±1 ±O.75 14 0.56 25 1 33 1.250 DieC 25 1 40 1.5 38 1.5 14 0.25 13 0.32 6 0.31 3 0.63 59 2.2 100 4 32 1. mm in.63 59 2.5 14 0. .08 OF STANDARD DUMBBELLDIES* Die A 25 1 40 1.5 19 0.5 19 0.5 14 0.56 16 0.25 13 0. mm in.08 ±2 ±O.5 38 1.6 140 5.32 3 0.75 14 0. mm in.5 mm or ±O. 125 5 32 1.5 32 1.5 38 1. equivalent results may be expected from either die.31 6 0.6 140 5.00 +0.56 25 1 59 2.05-0.04 max max min min ±6t 0. mm in.2 125 5 32 1.08 ±1 ±O.56 16 0.250 Tolerance +0. Dies dimensioned in metric units are intended for use with apparatus cali brated in metric units.32 6 0.5 32 1.5 32 1.002-0.62 30 1.02 in. mm in.125 Die E 16 0. mm in.04 ±2 ±O.32 12 0.25 13 0.56 25 1 59 2.2-June 1972 DIMENSIONS Dimension A B C D D-E F G H L W Units mm in.5 38 1.125 Die F 16 0.04 ±2 ±O.000 * t Dies whose dimensions are expressed in metric units are not exactly the same as dies whose dimensions are expressed in imperial units.6 115 4. For dies used in clicking machines it is preferable that this tolerance be ±0.
This method was issued in draft form for public review as Doc. .AS 1180. 1751.2-June 1972 6 This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972.
2 PRINCIPLE. or cylindrical vertical ageing cells described in (b) below. The design of the apparatus shall be such that heated air will enter the bottom of the cell and be exhausted out of the top of it without being re-circulated. good heat transfer medium (aluminium block. Provision shall be made for suspending test pieces so that they do not come within 10 mm of each other.3-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 3. and shall have internal dimensions not exceeding 1 x 1 x 1 1.AS 1180. (b) The cylindrical vertical ageing cells shall consist of one or more cylindrical vertical cells having a minimum height of 0. Glass or aluminium supports are recommended. saturated vapour). Air passing through one cell shall not enter other cells. capable of maintaining one or more of the following standard temperatures: 70 ± 2°C 100 ± 2°C 120 ± 2°C (a) The air-circulating oven shall be capable of controlling the air circulation to three changes per hour. ACCELERATED AGEING 1 SCOPE. The cells shall be surrounded by a thermostatically controlled.3 m. 3 APPARATUS. This destructive method purports to simulate the effect of ageing of the rubber lining and cover components of rubber hose by artificial accelerated degradation. As such it serves to indicate the effects of ageing on the hose proper. Test pieces of the lining and cover components are exposed to hot air for predetermined periods and then subjected to tensile strength and elongation tests to assess the degradation of those properties. a . The apparatus shall consist of an air-circulating oven described in (a) below.5 m. liquid bath. The air shall be heated before coming into contact with the test pieces and the temperature shall be measured by placing a thermometer among them.
5 CONDITIONING OF TEST PIECES. one half for determining the original property before artificial accelerated ageing and the remaining half for determining the property after treatment. 7 CALCULATION AND REPORT. (i) (ii) Submit one half of the test pieces to tensile and elongation tests according to AS 1180 Method 2. in the preheated ageing apparatus for the time and under the temperature specified. However. Determine the average percentage change in the original property using the following formula: . at least twice the number are required. Within 24 hours place one half of the test pieces such that they are free from stress any freely exposed to the circulating air. Test pieces shall be conditioned (immediately before subjection to tensile and elongation tests) for not less than 16 hours and not more than 96 hours at 20 ±2°C and 65 ±10 per cent.0°C of the specified ageing temperature. Suitable means shall be provided for controlling and measuring the temperature. 4 TEST PIECES. r. Tensile and Elongation. The test pieces shall be similar to and obtained in the same manner as described in AS 1180 Method No 2.AS 1180. 6 PROCEDURE. The temperature of the test cells shall be uniform in time and space within ±2.h. exposure of a mixed group of different compounds as migration The following periods are common: 2 days 3 days -ASTM 4 days 7 days 14 days (iii) and SAE type testing is normally for 70 hours After ageing and conditioning (see Clause 5 above) subject the aged test pieces to tensile and elongation tests according to AS 1180 Method 2. The incoming air shall be within 1°C of the specified temperature at the point of entry into the cell. NOTE: Avoid simultaneous can occur.3-June 1972 2 Provision shall be made for a slow circulation of air through the cells of not less than three changes per hour.
per cent = O-E x 100 o where E o= = original mean value mean value after ageing Report accordingly. .3 AS 1180.3-June 1972 Change.
This method was issued in draft form for public review as Doc.3-June 1972 4 This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972. . 1751.AS 1180.
In no case shall the thickness of b . The supporting frame is of such design that clamps for strip specimens may be hung from it vertically and that mandrels for ring specimens may be supported on it horizontally. Provision also shall be made to support the mandrels so that they may revolve freely with minimum friction. It is a destructive test which measures the force required to cause separation of the lining reinforcement and cover components of rubber hose from each other. PLY ADHESIONDEAD. 4. calibrated weights. Closed rings having a width of 25 ±2 mm and maximum internal diameter of 100 mm.WEIGHT METHOD 1 SCOPE.4A-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 4A. A watch with a second hand. (b) Test specimens may vary in thickness but the base portion from which a ply layer is being stripped shall be thicker than such ply layer. (a) Test specimens shall comply with one of two types as follows: Strip specimens. The apparatus required consists of a supporting frame. TEST SPECIMENS. Ring specimens. 3 APP ARA TUS. 4. 2 PRINCIPLE.1 Dimensions. Suitable apparatus is shown in Figs I and 2. Plane strips having a width of 25 ±2 mm and a length such as will permit separation over sufficient distance to indicate the adhesion value but in any case not less than 250 mm. A force in the form of a dead weight is applied to the hose components at right angles to the surface of the test specimen such that a stripping rate of 25 mm/min results. The magnitude of the dead-weight force is taken as a measure of the ply adhesion. or a stop-watch is required for setting the rate of separation. The frame is of sufficient height to permit weights to be suspended from the test specimens by means of clamps and to hang freely during the progress of the test. mandrels.AS 1180. and weight carriers. testing clamps. This is a relatively low precision method primarily retained for field use.
5 mm.4A-June 1972 2 the ply layer exceed 6. Separate the parts to be tested sufficiently by hand to permit attaching the jaws of the testing clamp. 6. 6 PROCEDURE.2. As ply adhesion is particularly sensitive to temperature conduct the test under conditions of 20 ±2°C and 65 ±10 per cent r.2 Preparation and Positioning of Test Specimens. Suspend the strip from the supporting frame by the separated end. apply a known or specified weight by means of a clamp and a weight carrier to the layer of which the adhesion is to be tested. Curved specimens in strip form shall have curvature only in the length dimension of the test specimen. Three test specimens shall be cut from the hose sample. With the mandrel resting on the supporting frame. immediately prior to testing. 4. Apply a selected weight by means of a clamp and weight carrier to the layer of which adhesion is to be determined. Testing shall be conducted within 5 days of the final manufacturing operati on and test specimens shall be conditioned for at least 16 hours are 20 ±2°C and 65 ±10 per cent r.AS 1180. If necessary. . 6.1 Strip specimens. Make suitable provision for releasing the weight slowly without jerking and in such a manner that the separating layer will be stripped from the specimen approximately at an angle of 90 degrees.3 Number. Include the weight of the clamp and carrier in the total weight causing separation. slicing or buffing may be employed. 5 CONDITIONING OF TEST SPECIMENS. For ring specimens place the specimen snugly on a mandrel having an outside diameter substantially the same as the internal diameter of the ring.2 Curvature.h. 6.2 Ring specimens. or hold the specimen against a vertical plate in such a manner as to keep the specimen in approximately a vertical position during the test. Separate the parts to be tested by hand at one end of the strip specimen and to a sufficient distance to permit attachment of the jaws of the testing clamp. to conform to this latter requirement. Include the weight of the clamp and carrier in the total weight causing separation. 6.h. holding in the jaws of the clamp all separated ends except the one under test.1 Conditions of Test. 4. Attach to the lower end of the test specimen a minimum weight sufficient to maintain the strip specimen in approximately a vertical position. Make suitable provision for releasing the weight slowly without jerking and in such a manner that the separating layer will be stripped from the specimen approximately at an angle of 180 degrees.2.
a distance of separation of at least 100 mm shall be used. Stripping will not start unless a certain weight is used. The value (of the mean of three tests) of the adhesion shall be reported as the force in kilograms. . The test. Record also observations and relevant data. Determine the rate of separati on by measuring (after the removal of the weight) the length stripped between marks placed at the beginning and end of the test on the portion other than that stripped. and small increments in weight will not give proportional increases in the rate of separation. the rate of separation increases slowly at first and finally very rapidly. 7 INTERPRETATION.3 Setting the Rate of Separation. The true adhesion value is not determined if the specimens repeatedly tear. Set the rate of separation at 25 mmlmin by trial and error adjustment of the load. 6. however. during a test.4A-June 1972 6. Adhesion values may differ between different plies of the same article of plied construction and also at different points along the same ply.4 Precautions Against Tearing. If. When possible.AS 1180. With increasing weight. 8 REPORT. one of the parts begins to tear instead of separating from the other part of the specimen. cut the material being torn with a knife up to the surface of contact between the two parts and start the test again. date of manufacture or vulcanization of rubber. dimensions of test specimen. indicates that the strength of adhesion exceeds the strength of the material and that the adhesion value is not less than the result obtained. date of test. The adhesion value of one ply to another is taken as the average result of the test over a reasonable distance of separation.
Fig. 1.. CLAMP FOR ADHESION TEST .AS 1180.4A-June 1972 4 SECTION 't ..
6 3.5 88. 7/32 3 Fig.7 7.2 6.2 44. 7/64 'II. 1) Dimension A B mm 76. 13hz '/. l/g 31s 'h.2 28.4A-Jnne 1972 DIMENSIONS OF CLAMP (See Fig.8 19.8 7.9 31.9 10. 1/.5 AS 1180.2 2. 3/.4 3. [7/g W X y Z AA AB 1/. [1/. 3/. [liz Dimension N P R S T U V mm 9.9 15.6 in 3 1'/.9 47. 3 liz 11/.0 18.9 5.1 15.9 15.9 42. MANDRELS AND FRAME FOR DEAD-WEIGHT ADHESION TEST .2 in 3/.6 76.5 12. 2.5 38./. liz .3 9. 23/32 C D E F G H J K L M III/I.
1751.AS 1180. This method was issued in draft form for public review as Doc. .4A-June 1972 6 This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972.
* This requirement complies with Grade B machines of AS B128. destructive method which measures the force required to cover the separation of the lining. For ring specimens the grip attached to the recording head is replaced with a freely rotating mandrel having an outside diameter substantially that of the inside diameter of the ring. The mean height of the load as registered on an automatic recorder represents the mean force required for separation and is taken as the measure of adhesion. Verification of Testing Machines.5 mm per minute for strip specimens and 25 ±1. which rates provide a separation of 25 ±1. The machine has no device for indicating maximum load. 3 APPARATUS.25 rom per minute for ring specimens. a . For strip specimens it is fitted with grips that firmly clamp the specimens and prevent slipping at all times. This is a relatively high precision. The apparatus consists of a power-driven tensile testing machine capable of applying a steadily increasing force and measuring it to within ±2 per cent* by means of an autographic recorder. In pendulum type machines. A stripping force is applied by a power-driven machine applying a steadily increasing tensile force such that a separation of 25 mm/min results in a layer separating from the specimen at an angle of approximately 180 degrees.25 rom per minute in both cases. The mandrel is so mounted that its axis of rotation is in the plane of the ply being separated from the ring and the applied force is normal to the tangent of the ring circumference at the time of separation. the weight liner swings freely without engaging pawls. 2 PRINCIPLE.AS l1S0. The capacity of the machine is such that the maximum tension applied is not less than 15 per cent or more than 85 per cent of the rated capacity. reinforcement and cover components of rubber hose from each other at a set rate.4B-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 4B. PLY ADHESIONAUTOGRAPHIC METHOD 1 SCOPE. The rate of travel of the grip is uniform at 50 ±2.
Separate the parts to be tested by hand at one end of the test specimen and at a sufficient distance to permit clamping in the grips of the machine.AS 1180. 4. Place the specimen snugly on the test mandrel. Closed rings having a width of 25 ±2 mm and maximum internal diameter of 100 mm. immediately prior to testing. (a) Test specimens shall be one of two types as follows: Strip specimens.1 Conditions of Test.4B-June 1972 2 4 TEST SPECIMENS.2. securely gripped) to the recording head by means of a clamp. Plane strips having a width of 25 ±2 mm and a length such as to permit separation over a sufficient distance to indicate the adhesion but in any case not less than 250 mm.2 Ring specimens. Adjust the autographic mechanism and chart to zero and start the machine.2. slicing or buffing may be employed.5 mm. Provide for maintaining the strip during the test approximately in the plane of the clamps. Curved specimens in strip form shall have curvature only in the length dimension of the test specimen. Ring specimens.1 Dimensions.1 Strip specimens. As ply adhesion is particularly sensitive to temperatures conduct the test under conditions of 20 ±2°C and 65 ±10 per cent r. 6. 6.h. In no case shall the thickness of the ply exceed 6. If necessary to conform to this latter requirement. (b) Test specimens may vary in thickness but the base portion from which a ply layer is being stripped shall be thicker than such ply layer. 6. using care to adjust it symmetrically in order that the tension shall be distributed uniformly. Separate that layer of the specimen to be stripped from the specimen by hand sufficiently to permit attaching the power-actuated clamp of the machine. 5 CONDITIONING OF TEST SPECIMENS.2 Treatment of Test Specimens. Grip the layer to be stripped symmetrically and firmly without twisting in the power-actuated clamp. With the mandrel attached . 6. 6 PROCEDURE. Strip the layer from the specimen approximately at an angle of 180 degrees. and continue for a sufficient distance to indicate the adhesion value. except the one to be stripped. Attach the separated end of the specimen (with all parts.h. This may be done either by attaching the minimum weight required to the free end of the specimen or by holding the specimen against a plate attached to the stationary clamp.2 Curvature. Take into account the added weight in determining the load causing separation. Testing shall be conducted within 5 days of the final manufacturing operation and test specimens shall be conditioned for at least 16 hours at 20 ±2°C and 65 ±10 per cent r. 4.
rotate the mandrel freely so as to maintain the line of separation at all times approximately in the same position. one of the parts begins to tear instead of separating from the other part of the specimen. Strip the layer from the specimen at an angle of approximately 90 degrees to the tangent of the specimen surface. during a test. Adhesion values differ between different plies of the same article ofplied construction and also at different points along the same ply. Report the minimum value (in terms of kN/m) of the stripping load curve as the mean of three tests. adjust the autographic mechanism and chart to zero and start the machine. If. however. cut the material being torn with a knife up to the surface of the contact between the two parts and start the test again. and continue the separation for a sufficient distance to indicate the adhesion value. Report also(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) all observations and relevant data. . 8 PREPARATION OF TEST DATA. During the test. When possible. dimensions of test specimens. 6. The adhesion value of one ply to another is taken as the average result of the test over a reasonable distance of separation. 7 INTERPRETATION. The true adhesion value is not determined if the specimens repeatedly tear.4B-June 1972 to the recording head of the machine and the separated layer gripped symmetrically and firmly without twisting in the power-actuated clamp. date of manufacture or vulcanization date of test. of rubber. indicates that the strength of the adhesion exceeds the strength of the material and that the adhesion value is not less than the result obtained. a distance of separation of at least 100 mm shall be used. Take the autographic chart and draw on it the best average curve between the maximum and minimum load values. The test.3 AS 1180.3 Precautions Against Tearing.
1751.4B-June 1972 4 This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972. This method was issued in draft form for public review as Doc.AS 1180. .
6-June 1972 STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Methods of Test for HOSE MADE FROM ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS METHOD 6.3 ±SoC is maintained. 3 APPARATUS. 4 TEST SPECIMENS. 4. The test fluid is changed regularly to avoid breakdown. The test chamber is neither heated nor cooled.2 Free Length. Four hose specimens complete with couplings. 2 PRINCIPLE.AS 1180. 1. The hydraulic fluid is circulated at a rate such that a uniform bore temperature of 93. 4.1 Number. The free length of hose (as measured between couplings) shall be as completed below: (a) Hose over 25 mm bore (approximately 1 in ID) to be bent at 90 degrees: Free length is (b) 2C x BR + (2 x aD) 2 Hose up to and including 25 mm bore (approximately 1 in ID) to be bent at either 90 degrees or 180 degrees: Free length is 2C BR + (2 x aD) x BR (c) Hose straight (not bent): Free length is 350 to 450 mm . IMPULSE TEST 1 SCOPE. A machine capable of applying an adjustable pulsating hydraulic pressure at a rate of between 30 and 100 cycles per minute. This test determines the life of a hose when subjected to rapid pulsing pressures. A hose assembly is subjected to rapidly pulsating hydraulic pressure until leakage or other damage develops or for a specified period. The impulse pressure curve is adjusted to conform as closely as possible with the values shown in Fig. with provision for counting the number of pulses.
AS 1180. and OD = external diameter of hose. 6 REPORT. (i) (ii) (iii) Position the test specimen in tile impulse testing machine with the hose bent to the minimum bend radius or as otherwise specified. for leakage or other defect. . This method was issued in draft from for public review as Doc. The impulse lives of each of the four specimens tested. Inspect the test specimen during testing. 5 PROCEDURE. Apply the appropriate impulse pressure and cycle rate for the specified period or until breakdown. Report the following: (i) (ii) (iii) The impulse rate (if not specified). IMPULSE PRESSURE CURVE This test method was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 10 April 1972. Any sign of leakage or other defect. 1.6-June 1972 2 where BR = minimum bend radius of hose. Fig. 1751.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.