K|8Ah-K|8Ah AL-0UR'AN

0ALAH PEHßENTUKAN |N8AN KAH|L
H. |RFAN 8YAhR0N|, 8.Pd|, H.8.|.
A. PEN0AhULUAN
A|-0ur'ar ada|ar l|rrar A||ar 3wT yarg d|lurur|ar |epada Nao| a|r|r zarar Vurarrad 3Aw urlu| rerjad|
pelurju| oag| rarus|a da|ar rerpero|er |eoarag|aar r|dup d| dur|a dar a|r|ral. 3eoaga| seouar pelurju|,
A|-0ur'ar rerca|up sega|a aspe| |er|dupar seperl| |e|rarar, ru|ur dar perurdarg-urdargar serla rorra-
rorra |er|dupar pr|oad|, rasyara|al, dar oerregara[1|.
0| da|ar A|-0ur'ar juga lerdapal oarya| ||sar yarg rercer|la|ar lerlarg per|sl|Wa alau |ejad|ar rasa |a|u,
seperl| ||sar para Nao| dar rasu|, ||sar orarg-orarg oer|rar, ||sar orarg-orarg yarg durra|a |epada A||ar
3wT, dar |a|r-|a|r. A||ar 3wT rercer|la|ar ||sar lerseoul urlu| d|jad||ar oarar pe|ajarar oag| rarus|a,
seoaga|rara l|rrar A||ar 3wT :
òs)s9 cºx. lu oNlrAAjAsº ·ouo9la l > ' rT[{ E=»lêø9F{S# 3 Sl8 loºx. SZvllr 2ulløya ` Aê»s9ur l,lóAs?
lº@lS# lu÷ul/ lr÷yl AAøys?ur Ee2 & aó0x« Yedur Zpul÷quur 50oqs)lj9 loqaZl8÷sa ÇÈÈÈE
Arl|rya : '3esurggurrya pada ||sar-||sar rere|a |lu lerdapal pergajarar oag| orarg-orarg yarg rerpurya|
a|a|. A| 0urar |lu ou|ar|ar cer|la yarg d|oual-oual, a|ar lelap| reroerar|ar (||lao-||lao) yarg seoe|urrya
dar rerje|as|ar sega|a sesualu, dar seoaga| pelurju| dar rarral oag| |aur yarg oer|rar¨ (0.3. Yusul [12| :
111)[2|.
K|sar-||sar d| da|ar A|-0ur'ar rerupa|ar sa|ar salu relode yarg d|gura|ar A||ar da|ar upaya
rerarar|ar r||a|-r||a| rora| 0ur'ar|ar |epada rarus|a. 8arasa yarg d|gura|ar A|-0ur'ar da|ar
pergurg|apar ||sar-||sar dar per|sl|Wa lerseoul sargal rerar|| ser|rgga dapal rer|rou||ar |esar
rerda|ar |epada peroaca dar perdergarrya, ou|ar saja urlu| rerg||ul| ||sarrya sarpa| a|r|r lap| juga
a|ar oerusara rere|ada| ||sar-||sar lerseoul.
Narur l|da| serua orarg dapal rergaro|| |´r|oar (pe|ajarar) dar| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar lerseoul, seoaga|rara
d|seoul|ar da|ar sural Yusul d| alas, rarya orarg-orarg yarg rau rerggura|ar a|a|rya saja yarg dapal
rerel|| r||rar dar| ||sar-||sar lerseoul.
0ar| ura|ar-ura|ar yarg le|ar d|sarpa||ar d| alas, ra|a dapal d|rurus|ar oeoerapa perrasa|arar seoaga|
oer||ul :
1. Apa|ar yarg d|ra|sud dergar ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar ?
2. 8aga|rara |ara|ler|sl|| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar d|oard|rg|ar dergar |arya-|arya ||r|ar |a|rrya ?
3. Apa|ar lujuar dar| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar da|ar |a|larrya dergar upaya peroerlu|ar |rsar |ar|| ?
0ar| rurusar rasa|ar d| alas ra|a pada oag|ar peroarasar oer||ul peru||s oerusara urlu| rerapar|ar
ra|ra (del|r|s|), |ara|ler|sl|| dar lujuar ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar oerdasar|ar |aj|ar peru||s dar| oeoerapa
relerers| yarg peru||s arggap sesua|.
ß. PEHßAhA8AN
1. Pengert|an 0ashash
K|sar d|aro|| dar| |ala dasar oarasa Arao 6asnan yarg rerupa|ar rasrdar dar| 6nasnasna yarg oerarl|
rercar| oe|asar alau rerg||ul| oe|asar (jeja|). 0asnan juga oerra|ra : urusar, oer|la, |raoar, dar
|eadaar[3|. 0| sarp|rg |lu 6asnasn juga oerra|ra rergu|arg |eroa|| ra| rasa |a|u[1|.
3edarg|ar secara lerr|ro|og| ||sar A|-0ur'ar ada|ar: 'Kaoar-|aoar A|-0ur'ar lerlarg |eadaar-|eadaar ural
yarg le|ar |a|u dar |erao|ar rasa daru|u, per|sl|Wa-per|sl|Wa yarg le|ar lerjad|¨[5|.
Adapur A|-0alrlrar rerdel|r|s||ar ||sar A|-0ur'ar dergar: 'K|sar-||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar yarg yarg
rercer|la|ar ra| |rWa| ural-ural lerdaru|u dar Nao|-rao| rere|a serla per|sl|Wa-per|sl|Wa yarg le|ar lerjad|,
yarg sedarg lerjad| dar a|ar lerjad|¨[ê|.
J||a pada del|r|s| ||sar A|-0ur'ar yarg perlara rarya rerg|rusus|ar oer|la-oer|la alau |eadaar yarg le|ar
|arpau, ra|a pada del|r|s| |edua |eo|r |orp|e|s, oa|| oer|la-oer|la yarg le|ar lerjad| raupur yarg sedarg
dar a|ar lerjad|. Narur, pada |rl|rya |edua del|r|s| lerseoul sara-sara rergurg|ap|ar |rlorras| lerlarg
perga|arar alau |eadaar ural-ural, Nao|, raupur per|sl|Wa yarg lerdapal da|ar A|-0ur'ar yarg sargal
oerrarlaal oag| |er|dupar rarus|a yarg a|ar dalarg seoaga| seouar oarar pe|ajarar.
0| da|ar A|-0ur'ar lerdapal oerracar-racar ||sar yarg sargal rerar||. K|sar-||sar lerseoul oerare|a-
ragar, ru|a| dar| aWa| perc|plaar rarus|a, perja|arar r|duprya d| dur|a r|rgga perja|arar r|duparrya d|
a|r|ral |e|a|. Narur para u|ara oeroeda perdapal rergera| peroag|ar ||sar |r| seoaga| oer||ul.
Asr-3r|dd|eqy yarg rerg|rusus|ar ||sar A|-0ur'ar pada oer|la dar per|sl|Wa pada rasa |arpau reroag|
||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar rejad| l|ga racar ya|lu : perrama, ||sar Nao|-rao| (6nasnasn a|-ano|ya´) yarg
rercer|la|ar lerlarg da|War para Nao|, ru|j|zal-ru|j|zalrya, s||ap ural-uralrya dar a||oalrya. reoua,
||sar lerlarg per|sl|Wa-per|sl|Wa yarg le|ar lerjad| dar orarg-orarg yarg l|da| dapal d|pasl||ar |erao|arrya
seperl| asraou| Karl|, 0arur, dar |a|r-|a|r. rer|ça, ||sar yarg oer|a|lar dergar per|sl|Wa-per|sl|Wa pada rasa
Nao| Vurarrad 3Aw, seperl| peperargar, |sra' r||raj, r|jrar dar |a|r-|a|r[Z|.
Adapur 3up|ar| dar Karrar reroag| ||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar rerjad| dua racar secara gar|s oesar, ya|lu
||sar d|l|rjau dar| seg| Wa|lu dar ||sar d|l|rjau dar| seg| raler|rya. K|sar-||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar j||a d|l|rjau
dar| seg| Wa|lu d|oag| rerjad| l|ga racar, ya|lu : (1) ||sar rasa |arpau (a|-6nasnasn a|-çnuyuo a|-maon|yan);
(2) ||sar rasa ||r| (a|-6nasnasn a|-çnuyuo a|-naon|ran); dar (3) ||sar rasa dalarg (a|-6nasnasn a|-çnuyuo a|-
musra6oa|an). 3edarg|ar ||sar A|-0ur'ar d|l|rjau dar| seg| raler|rya d|oag| rerjad| l|ga, ya|lu: (1) ||sar para
Nao| lerdaru|u; (2) ||sar orarg-orarg yarg ou|ar Nao| dar |e|orpo|-|e|orpo| lerlerlu; dar (3) ||sar lerlarg
per|sl|Wa yarg lerjad| pada rasa Rasu|u||ar 3Aw[8|.
. Karakter|st|k K|sah A|-0ur'an
A|-0ur'ar rerupa|ar Waryu dar| A||ar 3wT, ||sar-||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar oeroeda dergar ||sar-||sar alau
dorgerg yarg d|c|pla|ar rarus|a. A|-0ur'ar juga ou|ar rerupa|ar ||lao sejarar Wa|aupur d| da|arrya
oarya| oer|s| sejarar, dar juga oeroeda dergar s|sleral||a peru||sar |arya ||r|ar. A|-0ur'ar rer|||||
|ara|ler|sl|| dar gaya oarasa serd|r| da|ar rerapar|ar ||sar-||sar dar per|slr|Wa sejarar.
Perulurar ||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar rerurul A|W| l|da| oerarl| A|-0ur'ar rerupa|ar ou|u cer|la, rarur
rerpurya| lujuar yarg l|rgg|, ya|lu rerarar|ar ras|ral dar pe|ajarar yarg d|pel|| dar| per|sl|Wa rasa
|a|u[9|. A|-0ur'ar rer||||| |eur||ar dar |e|sl|reWaar da|ar rerapar|ar ||sar-||sar alau per|sl|Wa. Keur||ar
dar peroedaar lerseoul dapal ler||ral pada :
a. K|sar A|-0ur'ar da|ar Wa|lu re|al|l s|rg|al dapal rerar|| perral|ar peroaca, ser|rgga peroaca lerlal||
urlu| rerg||ul| per|sl|Warya, rererurg|ar ra|rarya dar ler|esar o|er Wala| pe|a|u ||sar lerseoul. K|sar
da|ar A|-0ur'ar pada ururrya d|ru|a| dergar lurlular, arcarar, per|rgalar a|ar oaraya seoe|ur
persoa|ar d|ou|a dar d|pecar|ar sarpa| pada |||ra|srya. Peryaj|ar ||sar |r| lerlu a|ar rerar|| perral|ar
peroaca raupur perdergarrya urlu| rergelaru| oaga|rara a|r|r ||sar lerseoul.
o. K|sar A|-0ur'ar reryerlur rurar| rarus|a da|ar |eadaarrya yarg ulur dar rerye|urur, seoaga| lerje|ra
da|ar lo|or ulara yarg sergaja d|larp|||ar. Vas|rg-ras|rg lo|or d|larp|||ar pada pusal perral|ar se|aras
dergar |orle|srya.
c. K|sar A|-0ur'ar reroer||ar |eserpalar |epada peroaca dar perdergarrya urlu| rergeroarg|ar po|a
p|||rrya. 0a|ar |orle|s |r|, ||sar A|-0ur'ar d|larp|||ar da|ar dua oerlu|, ya|lu : perrama, ||sar |lu d||u||s|ar
re|a|u| perg|syaralar, sugesl| dar rarapar; dar keoua, ||sar |lu d||u||s|ar re|a|u| oerp|||r dar rererurg[10|.
0| sarp|rg |lu A|-0ur'ar juga ser|rg |a|| rerapar|ar ||sar alau per|sl|Wa secara oeru|arg-u|arg da|ar
oeroaga| sural. Ter|adarg pada salu sural rarya d|seoul|ar secara s|rg|al, rarur pada sural |a|r d|je|as|ar
dergar parjarg |eoar dar |eo|r lerper|rc|. 3eoaga|rara d||eru|a|ar o|er a|-3a'd|, oarWa peroedaar-
peroedaar cara A|-0ur'ar da|ar peraparar seouar ||sar rerupa|ar seouar relode pergajarar yarg
d||a|u|ar o|er A|-0ur'ar |epada para perdergar dar peroacarya[11|.
Leo|r |uas |ag| a|-0alrlrar reryala|ar oarWa ||sar A|-0ur'ar secara oeru|arg-u|arg rer||||| r||rar
lerserd|r| seoaga| oer||ul :
a. Verardas|ar |eoa|agarar A|-0ur'ar da|ar oerlu| yarg pa||rg l|rgg|, seperl| rererarg|ar seouar ra|ara
da|ar oeroaga| racar susurar |a||ral yarg oeroeda dar| yarg le|ar d|seoul|ar, ser|rgga a|ar se|a|u lerasa
r||ral rerdergar dar reroacarya.
o. Verarpa||ar |e|ualar |´¡az (|eru|j|zalar) A|-0ur'ar dergar reryeoul sualu ra|ra da|ar oeroaga|
oerlu| susurar per|alaar yarg l|da| dapal d|sara| o|er s|apapur yarg rerurju||ar oarWasarya A|-0ur'ar
ada|ar oerar-oerar dar| A||ar.
c. Vergu|arg-u|arg seouar ||sar rerurju||ar ra´k|o (pergualar) yarg rerupa|ar larda oesarrya perral|ar
lerradap ||sar lerseoul.
d. 0| sualu lerpal ler|adarg d|seoul|ar s|rg|al saja |arera lujuarrya rarya sarpa| |lu saja yarg d|per|u|ar,
sedarg d| lerpal |a|r d|seoul|ar secara parjarg-|eoar dar ler|rc| |arera yarg der|||ar|ar lujuar yarg
d||ererda||[12|.
. Tujuan K|sah A|-0ur'an
K|sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar ou|ar |arya ser| yarg larpa lujuar, re|a|r|ar sa|ar salu dar| relode A|-0ur'ar da|ar
rerurlur dar reWujud|ar lujuar |eagaraar |elurararrya dar sa|ar salu cara reryarpa||ar dar
rergo|or|ar da|War ls|ar[13|. 0a|ar reryarpa||ar ra|sud dar lujuarrrya lerseoul A|-0ur'ar rer|||||
gaya oarasa yarg sargal l|rgg| yarg l|da| rurg||r d|lard|rg| o|er s|apapur (oa|| j|r raupur rarus|a).
Tujuar ulara dar| ||sar A|-0ur'ar l|da| |a|r ada|ar agar sel|ap orarg dapal rergaro|| pe|ajarar (|oran ua
mau´|zan) seoaga|rara d|legas|ar A||ar 3wT da|ar l|rrar-Nya :
òs)s9 cºx. lu oNlrAAjAsº ·ouo9la l > ' rT[{ E=»lêø9F{S# 3 Sl8 loºx. SZvllr 2ulløya ` Aê»s9ur l,lóAs?
lº@lS# lu÷ul/ lr÷yl AAøys?ur Ee2 & aó0x« Yedur Zpul÷quur 50oqs)lj9 loqaZl8÷sa ÇÈÈÈE
Arl|rya : '3esurggurrya pada ||sar-||sar rere|a |lu lerdapal pergajarar oag| orarg-orarg yarg rerpurya|
a|a|. A| 0urar |lu ou|ar|ar cer|la yarg d|oual-oual, a|ar lelap| reroerar|ar (||lao-||lao) yarg seoe|urrya
dar rerje|as|ar sega|a sesualu, dar seoaga| pelurju| dar rarral oag| |aur yarg oer|rar¨[11|.
3eoaga|rara d|garoar|ar o|er l|rrar A||ar d| alas oarWa rarya orarg-orarg yarg rau rerggura|ar
a|a|rya saja yarg dapal rergaro|| pe|ajarar dar| ||sar-||sar yarg d|sarpa||ar A|-0ur'ar yarg |erud|ar
secara sadar dar |orse|uer urlu| reWujud|arrya da|ar |er|dupar sos|a|.
K|sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar rer||||| lujuar yarg sargal l|rgg| yarg rerurju||ar |eserpurraar A|-0ur'ar seoaga|
seouar pedorar r|dup oag| rarus|a. 0ergar reroaca ||sar-||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar ra|a rarus|a a|ar
rerdapal|ar rarlaal oerupa ra|||al per|sl|Wa, |erurr|ar a||dar dar |eserpurraar saslra, serla
rer|rgga||ar se|a|rrya[15|. A|-0ur'ar rererpur oeroaga| racar cara gura rergarlar rarus|a |epada
|eserpurraar |erarus|aarrya arlara |a|r dergar rergeru|a|ar ||sar-||sar la|lua| dar s|roo|||[1ê|.
Adapur lujuar |rusus dar| ||sar A|-0ur'ar seoaga|rara d|rarg|ur 3up|ara dar Karrar seoaga| oer||ul :
a. Vergurg|ap|ar |erarlapar Waryu dar r|sa|ar serla reWujud|ar rasa puas da|ar rerer|ra Waryu
oarWa Vurarrad yarg umm| le|ar reryarpa||ar ||sar-||sar lerseoul pada uralrya.
o. Verje|as|ar pr|rs|p da|War |epada agara A||ar dar |elerargar po|o|-po|o| syar|al yarg d|oaWa o|er
ras|rg-ras|rg Nao| dar Rasu|.
c. Verje|as|ar oarWa A||ar rero|org dar rergas|r| Rasu| oeserla orarg-orarg yarg oer|rar serla
rerje|as|ar oarWa A||ar ada|ar Turar serua urral (umman uan|oan).
d. Verelap|ar |edudu|ar |aur ru|r|r, rerarlap|ar ral| Nao| dar uralrya, rergr|our rere|a dar|
|esed|rar alas rus|oar yarg rer|rpa rere|a.
e. Vergore|s| |eoororgar yarg d|oual o|er an|u| k|rao |arera le|ar reryeroury||ar |eoerarar ||lao
rere|a.
l. Verurju||ar |eoerarar A|-0ur'ar dar ||sar-||sar yarg d|cer|la|ar A|-0ur'ar.
g. Verarar|ar perd|d||ar a|r|a| |ar|rar agar para para peroaca dar perg|aj| A|-0ur'ar rarpu
rergrayal| dar rergara||ar |ardurgar ||sar da|ar pra|le| |er|dupar rere|a[1Z|.
3edarg|ar a|-0alrlrar rerapar|ar lujuar dar|pada ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar seoaga| oer||ul :
a. Verje|as|ar dasar-dasar da|War agara A||ar dar rererarg|ar po|o|-po|o| syar|al yarg d|sarpa||ar
o|er para Nao|.
o. Vergo|or|ar ral| Rasu|u||ar dar ural oe||au da|ar oeagara dar rergual|ar |epercayaar para ru|r|r
lerlarg dalargrya perlo|orgar A||ar dar rarcurrya |eoal||ar.
c. Vergaoad||ar usara-usara para Nao| dar perryalaar oarWa Nao|-rao| daru|u ada|ar oerar.
d. Verper||ral|ar |eoerarar da|War Rasu|u||ar 3Aw dergar rererarg|ar |eadaar-|eadaar ural
lerdaru|u.
e. Very|rg|ap |eoororgar an|u| k|rao yarg le|ar reryeroury||ar |s| ||lao rere|a yarg ras|r rurr|.
l. Verar|| perral|ar rere|a yarg d|oer||ar pe|ajarar[18|.
3erada dergar |edua perdapal d| alas A|-'ulsa|r|r[19| juga rergeru|a|ar r||rar-r||rar alau lujuar ||sar
da|ar A|-0ur'ar seoaga| oer||ul:
a. A||ar rerda| rerarpa||ar r||rarrya yarg lerdapal da|ar ||sar-||sar lerseoul (oaca 0.3. 51 : 1-5).
o. Vererarg|ar |ead||ar-Nya da|ar rery||sa para perdusla (oaca 0.3. 11 : 101).
c. Vererarg|ar |arur|a-Nya dergar reroer||ar oa|asar (oaca 0.3. 51 : 31-35)
d. 3eoaga| pe||pur |ara Nao| 3Aw. lerradap s||ap para perdusla (oaca 0.3. 35 : 25).
e. 3eoaga| sugesl| urlu| orarg-orarg ru|r|r agar lelap dar se|a|u rer|rg|al|ar |e|rararrya (oaca 0.3. 21
: 28, 0.3. 30 : 1Z)
l. 3eoaga| per|rgalar lerradap orarg-orarg |al|r yarg lelap da|ar |e|al|rarrya (0.3. 1Z : 10).
g. 3eoaga| perelapar r|sa|ar Nao| Vurarrad 3Aw., |arera oer|la-oer|la ural ledaru|u l|da| ada yarg
rergelaru|rya se|a|r A||ar 3wT. (oaca 0.3. 11 : 19, 0.3. 11 : 9).
0ar| r||rar-r||rar dar lujuar ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar yarg d|papar|ar d| alas rerjad| sargal je|as urgers|
||sar-||sar lerseoul da|ar peroerlu|ar |nsan kam|| ya|lu seoaga| oarar pe|ajarar oag| se|urur rarus|a
urlu| |eo|r rergo|or|ar ruourgar verl||a| dergar A||ar 3wT (nao| m|n /||an) dar serarl|asa juga rerja||r
ruourgar oa|| dergar sesara rarus|a (nao| m|n a|-nas). Leo|r jaur |ag|, peraparar ||sar A|-0ur'ar
oerlujuar urlu| rerurju||ar ja|ar yarg |urus |epada rarus|a da|ar rarg|a rercapa| |eoarag|ar r|dup d|
dur|a dar a|r|ral.
Peroerlu|ar |nsan kam|| re|a|u| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar rerurul reral peru||s dapal d|lerpur dergar dua
cara. Perrama, rerarar| e|s|slers| (lujuar) dar| perc|plaar rarus|a. A|-0ur'ar rerg|rlorras||ar
oarWasarya rarus|a d|c|pla|ar serala-rala urlu| oer|oadar |epada A||ar 3wT (aoo /||an), seoaga|rara
l|rrar A||ar 3wT:
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Arl|rya : '0ar A|u l|da| rerc|pla|ar j|r dar rarus|a re|a|r|ar supaya rere|a rergaod| |epada-Ku¨ (0.3.
a|-0zar|yal [51| : 5ê)[20|.
0|sarp|rg seoaga| |ra||lar, rarus|a juga d|c|pla|ar urlu| rerjad| per|rp|r d| ru|a our|, ya|lu urlu|
rera|rur|ar our| dar rerarlaal|ar a|ar raya gura rerurjarg |eoulurar r|duprya d| dur|a. la| |r|
d|legas|ar da|ar l|rrar A||ar 3wT :
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Arl|rya : 'lrgal|ar |el||a Turarru oerl|rrar |epada para ra|a||al: '3esurggurrya A|u rerda| rerjad||ar
seorarg |ra||lar d| ru|a our|¨ (0.3. a|-8aqarar [2| : 30[21|.
Kra||lar seoaga|rara d||eru|a|ar 0ura|sr ada|ar 'Verggarl||ar A||ar da|ar rerega||ar |ererda|-Nya
dar rererap|ar |elelapar-Nya, lelap| ou|ar |arera A||ar 3wT l|da| rarpu lau rerjad||ar rarus|a
oer|edudu|ar seoaga| lurar, rarur |arera A||ar 3wT oerra|sud rerguj| rarus|a dar reroer|
|erorralar¨[22|.
reoua, rere|adar| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar gura rergarlar|ar rarus|a |epada |eserpurraar
|erarus|aarrya. 3ele|ar rerarar| lujuar dar|pada perc|plaar rarus|a d| ru|a our| |r|, ra|a larap
se|arjulrya ada|ar rere|adar| dar rergaro|| |oran (pe|ajarar) dar| ||sar-||sar yarg lerdapal d| da|ar A|-
0ur'ar. 3eoaga|rara d||eru|a|ar da|ar o|er 0ura|sr oarWasarya pergurg|apar per|sl|Wa-per|sl|Wa
sejarar rerupa|ar sa|ar salu relode yarg d|gura|ar o|er A|-0ur'ar da|ar reWujud|ar lujuar A|-0ur'ar[23|.
K|sar-||sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar oerlujuar urlu| rerarlap|ar |eya||rar orarg-orarg oer|rar agar serarl|asa
rerjad||ar A|-0ur'ar seoaga| pedorar r|dup, reroer||ar |rlorras| yarg oerar lerlarg per|sl|Wa dar
|ejad|aar rasa |a|u, saal |r| dar yarg a|ar dalarg; dar seoaga| oarar pe|ajarar agar |esa|arar-|esa|arar
yarg lerjad| pada rasa |a|u l|da| oeru|arg |eroa|| |epada rarus|a.
3urggur oerar apa-apa yarg le|ar d|l|rrar|ar A||ar 3wT. 3ega|a alurar lerlarg r|dup |r| d|c|pla|ar l|da| |a|r
der| |eras|aralar r|dup rarus|a |lu serd|r|. Narur, ler|adarg rarus|a oers|lal corg|a| dar soroorg
ser|rgga rerasa rarya d|r|rya|ar (a|a|rya) yarg rarpu reroual |eras|aralar r|duprya serd|r| dar
rerg|rg|ar| ayal-ayal A||ar serla Rasu|-rasu| yarg d|ulus |epada rere|a. Padara| rarus|a yarg |erar |r|,
su||l urlu| oeroual ad|| |epada sesararya, oar|ar |epada d|r|rya serd|r|. 3eoaga|rara d|l|rrar|ar A||ar
3wT:
ó0s9urr & ) # rçA¡o lu ÇuoF{S# (#raYYusu y#øx. loºx. eplZE)»la luïlº@lS# `l8 oNlgl=oêsº 1 (#pqçRº 2
£ x@r & oNa|÷|l8 ZoÇqeº (#rà S r0r & ur uuoF{S# lSydraulxaur usYo2r S & £ Jl8 Sydraulxa ÷L|ø?ualºy`ur
Nßge=ßà lV»uZE|lZø9SSl/ ( SyJsu cºx. ³lS# oNßgyJl=òul9 `A3»s9ur (#pqçRºx. oNa|j¦yRr & loqßJl=òl
Ç0E
Arl|rya : '0ar Apa|ar rere|a l|da| rergada|ar perja|arar d| ru|a our| dar rerperral||ar oaga|rara
a||oal (yarg d|der|la) o|er orarg-orarg seoe|ur rere|a? orarg-orarg |lu ada|ar |eo|r |ual dar| rere|a
(serd|r|) dar le|ar rergo|ar our| (larar) serla rera|rur|arrya |eo|r oarya| dar| apa yarg le|ar rere|a
ra|rur|ar. 0ar le|ar dalarg |epada rere|a Rasu|-rasu| rere|a dergar reroaWa ou|l|-ou|l| yarg ryala.
Va|a A||ar se|a||-|a|| l|da| oer|a|u za||r |epada rere|a, a|ar lelap| rere|a|ar yarg oer|a|u za||r |epada d|r|
serd|r|¨ (0.3. ar-Rur [30| : 9)[21|.
. PENUTUP
0ar| ura|ar-ura|ar yarg lerdapal pada oao-oao seoe|urrya, ra|a dapal d|lar|| oeoerapa |es|rpu|ar seoaga|
oer||ul :
1. K|sar A|-0ur'ar rerupa|ar |rlorras| lerlarg perga|arar alau |eadaar ural-ural, Nao|, dar per|sl|Wa
yarg le|ar |a|u, saal |r| dar yarg a|ar dalarg.
2. K|sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar oeroeda dergar ou|u sejarar alau dorgerg yarg d|oual rarus|a. Peroedaar
|eduarya dapal ler||ral pada : gaya oarasa da|ar peryarpa|ar ||sar lerseoul dar s|sleral||a peru||sarrya.
Yarg |eo|r perl|rg |ag| ada|ar A|-0ur'ar ada|ar pelurju| r|dup yarg sargal serpurra |arera d|oual o|er
Turar Yarg Vara 3erpurra sedarg ou|u sejarar alau dorgerg yarg d|oual rarus|a rer||||| oarya|
|e|urargar dar |e|e||ruar.
3. K|sar da|ar A|-0ur'ar rer||||| rarlaal yarg sargal oerrarga oag| ural-ural yarg r|dup sele|arrya
lerulara oag| ||la seoaga| ural Nao| Vurarrad 3Aw yarg rerjad||ar A|-0ur'ar seoaga| pedorar r|dup,
ya|lu : (1) rerarlap|ar |eya||rar ||la urlu| serarl|asa rerjad||ar A|-0ur'ar seoaga| pedorar r|dup; (2)
rerpero|er |rlorras| yarg oerar lerlarg per|sl|Wa dar |ejad|aar rasa |a|u, saal |r| dar yarg a|ar dalarg;
(3) seoaga| oarar pe|ajarar agar |esa|arar-|esa|arar yarg lerjad| pada rasa |a|u l|da| oeru|arg |eroa||
|epada rarus|a.
1. Peroerlu|ar |nsan kam|| re|a|u| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar d|lerpur dergar dua cara: perrama, rerarar|
e|s|slers| (lujuar) dar| perc|plaar rarus|a; dar keoua, rere|adar| ||sar-||sar A|-0ur'ar gura rergarlar|ar
rarus|a |epada |eserpurraar |erarus|aarrya.

0AFTAR PU8TAKA
A|-0alrlrar, Varra', aoan|rs l| &|um /|-0ur´an, 3uraoaya, A|-l|dayar, 19Z3
A|-3a'd|, Aodurrarrar Nasr|r, 70 ra|oan Penals|ran /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa Varsur| 3asa|y & Vuslarao
lasou||ar, Ja|arla, Pusla|a F|radaus, 199Z.
A|-'ulsa|r|r, Vurarrad o|r 3a|er, 0asar-oasar Penals|ran /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa 3. Ag|| lus|r A|-VuraWar &
Arrad R|lq| Vucrlar, 3erararg, 0|ra ulara, llr.
A|W|, 3ayy|d Vurarrad a|-Va||||, re|sr|meuaan-ke|sr|meuaan /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa Nur Fa|z|r, Yogya|arla,
V|lra Pusla|a, 2001.
Asr 3r|dd|eqy, Teu|u Vurarrad laso|, l|mu-||mu /|-0ur´an. l|mu-||mu Pokok oa|am enals|rkan /|-0ur´an,
3erararg, PT. Pusla|a R|z|| Pulra, cela|ar |edua, 2002.
0epag Rl, /|-0ur´an oan Ter¡emanannya, 8ardurg, PT. 3yaar|| C|pla Ved|a, 2005.
nrrp.//uuu.a|||mu.uoropress.oom
0ura|sr, 3r|rao V., wauasan /|-0ur´an. Tals|r auonu´| aras Pe|oaça| Persoa|an &mar, 8ardurg, V|zar, cel.
vlll, 1998.
______, "emoum|kan´ /|-0ur´an. Funçs| oan Peran wanyu oa|am ren|oupan asyarakar, 8ardurg, V|zar,
cel. XXvlll, 2001.
______, Tals|r a|-|soan . Pesan, resan oan reseras|an /|-0ur´an, Ja|arla, Lerlera lal|, 200ê.
3up|ar| dar Karrar V., &|umu| 0uran, 8ardurg, Pusla|a ls|ar||a, 2002.
ura|rar, Aodurrarrar, erooe /|-0ur´an oa|am Peno|o|kan, 3uraoaya, Vul|ara l|ru, llr.

[1| V. 0ura|sr 3r|rao, "emoum|kan´ /|-0ur´an. Funçs| oan Peran wanyu oa|am ren|oupan asyarakar,
(8ardurg, V|zar, 2001), cel. XXvlll, r|r. 10.
[2| 0epag Rl, /|-0ur´an oan Ter¡emanannya, (8ardurg: PT. 3yaar|| C|pla Ved|a, 2005), r|r. 218.
[3| Asr 3r|dd|eqy, Teu|u Vurarrad laso|, l|mu-||mu /|-0ur´an. l|mu-||mu Pokok oa|am enals|rkan /|-
0ur´an, (3erararg: PT. Pusla|a R|z|| Pulra, 2002), cela|ar |edua, r|r. 191.
[1| A|-'ulsa|r|r, Vurarrad o|r 3a|er, 0asar-oasar Penals|ran /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa, 3. Ag|| lus|r A|-
VuraWar dar Arrad R|lq| Vucrlar, ( 3erararg: 0|ra ulara, llr), r|r. Z0.
[5| Asr 3r|dd|eqy, Teu|u Vurarrad laso|, |oo.o|r.
[ê| A|-0alrlrar, Varra', aoan|rs l| &|um /|-0ur´an, (3uraoaya: A|-l|dayar, 19Z3), r|r. 30ê. L|ral juga
rllp://a|||ru.Wordpress.cor/200Z/01/1Z/urgers|-||sar-da|ar-a|-qurºE2º80º99ar/
[Z| Asr 3r|dd|eqy, Teu|u Vurarrad laso|, |oo.o|r. L|ral juga A|-'ulsa|r|r, Vurarrad o|r 3a|er, op.o|r., r|r.
Z1.
[8| lo|o., 211-215.
[9| A|W|, 3ayy|d Vurarrad a|-Va||||, re|sr|meuaan-ke|sr|meuaan /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa Nur Fa|z|r,
(Yogya|arla: V|lra Pusla|a, 2001), r|r. 1ê.
[10| lo|o., 21ê-21Z.
[11| A|-3a'd|, Aodurrarrar Nasr|r, 70 ra|oan Penals|ran /|-0ur´an, a||r oarasa Varsur| 3asa|y & Vuslarao
lasou||ar, (Ja|arla: Pusla|a F|radaus, 199Z), r|r. 1Z.
[12| A|-0alrlrar, Varra', op.o|r., r|r. 308.
[13| 3up|ar| dar V. Karrar, |oo.o|r. L|ral pu|a da|ar ura|rar, Aodurrarrar, erooe /|-0ur´an oa|am
Peno|o|kan, (3uraoaya: Vul|ara l|ru, llr).
[11| 0epag Rl, |oo.o|r.
[15| A|W|, 3ayy|d Vurarrad a|-Va||||, op.o|r., r|r. 1Z. L|ral 0ura|sr, 3r|rao V., op.o|r., r|r. ê1.
[1ê| 0ura|sr, 3r|rao V., wauasan /|-0ur´an. Tals|r auonu´| aras Pe|oaça| Persoa|an &mar, (8ardurg: V|zar,
1998), cel. vlll, r|r. 9.
[1Z| 3up|ar| dar V. Karrar, op.o|r., r|r. 218-219.
[18| A|-0alrlrar, Varra', op.o|r., r|r. 30Z.
[19| A|-'ulsa|r|r, Vurarrad o|r 3a|er, op.o|r., r|r Z1-Z3.
[20| 0epag Rl, op.o|r., r|r. 523.
[21| lo|o., r|r. ê.
[22| 0ura|sr, 3r|rao V.,Tals|r a|-|soan . Pesan, resan oan reseras|an /|-0ur´an, (Ja|arla: Lerlera lal|,
200ê), r|r. 112.
[23| 0ura|sr, 3r|rao V., emoum|kan..op.o|r., r|r. ê1.
[21| 0epag Rl, op.o|r., r|r. 105.

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