1

8odhldarma (uoL Mor) Lraveled from lndla Lo Lhe SllŴLum Lemple on MLŦ Shaoshl ln Lhe Sung
MounLalns ln 302Ŵ337 AŦuŦ durlng Lhe Llang uynasLyŦ 8odhldarma was a famous 8uddhlsL monk
who LaughL zen (chan) 8uddhlsm ln Lhe SllŴLum LempleŦ Pereţ accordlng Lo legendţ he noLlced
Lhe Chlnese dlsclples could noL sLay awake durlng long medlLaLlonsŦ Soţ he lnLroduced Lhe 18
Lohan hand movemenLsŦ uurlng Lhls Llmeţ kungŴfu spllL lnLo Lwo sysLemsť lnLernal (nelŴdan) and
exLernal (walŴdan)Ŧ 1he beglnnlng of chl gung (breaLh conLrol) developed from LhlsŦ
1wo classlcs were wrlLLen by 8odhldarmať ºSlnew Change Classlc" and ºWashlng Marrow
Classlc"Ŧ lrom Lhese 18 movemenLs and classlcsţ 72 Lechnlques were developed whlch laLer
evolved lnLo 170 LechnlquesŦ 1hese Lechnlques were dlvlded lnLo flve sLyles whlch were called
Lhe flve formed flsL and became Lhe basls of SllŴLum kung fu's (ng ?lng Ca) flve anlmal sLyleŦ

1Ŧ C8AnL (hao)ť
*uevelops slnew for balance exLernally and chln (essence) lnLernallyŦ
*1eaches self ŴconLrolŦ
*uses graceţ qulck fooL movemenLsţ wrlsL Lrapplngţ knee sLrlkes and beak
sLrlkesŦ
2Ŧ LLCÞA8u (pao)ť
*uevelops muscle speed for exLernal sLrengLhŦ
*1eaches paLlence
*uses leopard punch for peneLraLlon and lower body sprlnglng powerŦ
3Ŧ 1lCL8 (hu)ť
*uevelops bones for exLernal powerŦ
*1eaches courageŦ
*uses Llger claw for slnklng ln grabsţ holdlng and Lhrowlng LechnlquesŦ
4Ŧ SnAkL (she)ť
*uevelops lnLernal chl (lnLrlnslc energy) and exLernal flexlblllLyŦ
*1eaches Lwo meLhodsť A) SLaLlonaryŸlnLernal Lralnlng for supplenessŤ
8) MovemenLŸexLernal Lralnlng for enduranceŦ
3Ŧ u8ACCn (lung)ť
2

*uevelops splrlL (shen) and mlnd powerŦ
*1eaches splrlLual calmness and concenLraLlonŦ
*uses body LwlsLlng Lechnlquesţ elbow sLrlkes and dragon claw for hooklng

SllŴLum kung fu was LaughL only Lo monks ln Lhe Lemple and Lhey were well known for Lhelr
marLlal arLs excellenceŦ 1hey could noL leave Lhe Lemple unLll Lhey passed a llfe or deaLh LesLŦ
Sealed ln a chamber Lhe monk had Lo work hls way Lhrough a serles of Lraps and wooden
dummles LhaL were Lrlggered mechanlcallyŦ aL Lhe end of Lhe chamber was a gaLe and ln fronL
of Lhe gaLe was a smolderlng urnŦ 1o leave Lhe chamberţ Lhe monks were Lo move Lhls urn wlLh
Lhelr arms wrapped around lLţ whlch branded Lhelr forearms wlLh Lwo dragons whlch was Lhe
symbol of Lhe SllŴLum lnner chamber dlsclplesŦ
uurlng Lhe Llme of Lhe Sung uynasLy (1206Ŵ1337)ţ Chang San leng (a dlsclple and 1aolsL ln
Lhe SllŴLum Lemple) was consldered an excellenL sLudenLŦ Pe was belleved Lo have creaLed Lhe
Lal chl chuan (Crand ulLlmaLe llsL)Ŧ 1al chl chuan ls a sysLem whlch mlnlmlzes Lhe use of
exLernal sLrengLh and emphaslzes lnLernal sLrengLh or chlŦ 1hls was developed afLer Chang San
leng waLched an encounLer beLween a snake and a craneŦ 1al chl chuan ls based on flve
elemenLsť meLalţ woodţ waLerţ flre and earLhŦ lL also helps clrculaLe laLe bloodţ breaLhţ chl flow
and helps bulld one's awarenessŦ
ln Lhe Mlng uynasLy (1368Ŵ1644)ţ kung fu was referred Lo as chl yang and Lhe arL flourlshed
LhroughouL Chlna durlng Lhls LlmeŦ Wang Langţ a 8uddhlsL of Lhe SllŴLum Lempleţ lnvenLed Long
long or Lhe praylng manLls sysLemŦ Pe creaLed Lhe sysLem afLer seelng an encounLer wlLh a
manLls and a clcadaţ whlch led hlm Lo experlmenL wlLh Lhe manLls Lo creaLe a new LechnlqueŦ
1he sysLem uses an anLenna (Lhe arm and hand) Lo flnd an opponenL's sLrengLh and dlrecLlonţ
hooklng and Lrapplng Lechnlques wlLh lLs sLrong forearm and manLls claw (sl dlu)Ŧ LaLer monkey
(hou san) fooLwork was added Lo Lhe sysLem for moblllLyŦ Also durlng Lhls Llme Ch'en ?uan Þlng
Lraveled Lo !apan and lnLroduced chlnŴna Lo Lhe !apaneseŦ ChlnŴnA (grasp and conLrol) ls a
sysLem of [olnL manlpulaLlon Lhrough locks and holdsŦ
ln Lhe Chlng uynasLy (1644Ŵ1911)ţ kou Sze kllled a man and was lmprlsonedŦ As he saL ln
hls prlson cell he observed monkeysŦ lrom Lhese observaLlons he devlsed Lhe monkey sysLem
(houŴchuan) whlch was LhoughL Lo have come from Lhe Crand LarLh or Peaven LarLh sLyle (LlŴ
L'ang men)Ŧ
SllŴLum was LaughL only Lo worLhy sLudenLs and Lhe secreLs remalned ln Lhe LempleŦ uurlng
Lhe 17Lh cenLury when Chlna was conquered by Lhe Chlng uynasLyţ supporLers of Lhe Mlng
uynasLy Look refuge ln Lhe SllŴLum LempleŦ 1he Lemple was Lhen lnvaded and desLroyed by
forces of Lhe Chlng uynasLyŦ uurlng Lhls perlod a few monks escaped and Lhe secreLs of Lhe SllŴ
Lum Lemple were closed Lo Lhe ouLslde worldŦ
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Slnce Lhen Lhe Chlnese flghLlng arLs have been dlvlded lnLo many schoolsŦ Some schools
pracLlce lnLernal sLyles and some pracLlce exLernal sLyles and oLhers pracLlce a comblnaLlon of
boLhţ buL whlchever Lhey pracLlce Lhey sLlll owe Lhey developmenL Lo SllŴLum kung luŦ




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