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(Redirected from Bayazid Bistami)
For other uses, see Beyazid (disambiguation).
Tomb of Bayazid Bastami in Bastam nearShahroud.
874 or 877/8
Bayazid Bastami (Persian ,) ب اي زي د ب سطامىalso known as Abu Yazid Bistami or Tayfur Abu Yazid alBustami, (804-874 or 877/8 CE) was a PersianSufi born in Bastam, Iran.
1 Background 2 Influence 3 Intoxicated Sufi 4 The Mystery About Shrine of Bayazid Bostami in Bangladesh 5 Sayings 6 Notes 7 See also 8 References 9 External links
The name Bastami means "from the city of Bastam". Bayazid's grandfather was a Zoroastrian who converted to Islam. His grandfather had three sons, Adam, Tayfur and 'Ali. All of them were ascetics. Abayazid was born to Tayfur. Not much is known of his childhood, but Bayazid spent most of his time in isolation in his house and the mosque. Although he remained in isolation, he did not isolate himself from the Sufi realm. He welcomed people into his house to discuss Sufism. Bayazid also led a life of asceticism and renounced all worldly pleasures in order to be one with God. Ultimately, this led Bayazid to a state of "self anhiliation", which, according to Sufism, is the only state a person could be in order to be closest with God. Bayazid became known as the first "intoxicated" Sufi because of the openness of his expressions he felt towards God (shatahat). Bayazid is regarded as being one of the most influential mystics due to the fact of how controversial he was at the time.
Bayazid was in close contact with the Twelve Imams. He received initiation from Imam Ali ar-Ridha and died in either 874 or 877/8, indicating it is most likely he would have also associated with the succeeding Shia Imams, including Imam Muhammad at-Taqi (d.835 CE), Imam Ali al-Hadi (d.868 CE), and Imam Hasan alAskari (d.874 CE) , the paternal ancestors Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari, who would later lend his name to the chain of Central Asian Sufi Masters from the 10th to the 16th century known collectively as the Khwajagan. Bayazid's successor was Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani, who transmitted belief in the Twelve Imams to both Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, at whose shrine the names of the Twelve Imams are inscribed, and to Abu alHassan al-Kharaqani's successor Abul Qasim Gurgani (d. 1076), at whose shrine these names are also inscribed.
When a person enters the state of fana it is believed that one is closest to God. "Glory be to me! How great is My majesty!" "Thy obedience to me is greater than my obedience to Thee" "I am the throne and the footstool" "By my life. pg 213). my grasp is firmer than His" "I saw the Kaba walking round me" "Moses desired to see God. I got rid of my veils only four years ago. The "annihilation of the self" (fana fi 'Allah') refers to disregarding everything in this world because of one's love towards God. Bayazid was most famous for openly expressing himself. so worship me!" . Al-Misri had formulated the doctrine of ma'rifa (gnosis). many shunned him. For seventy years I was veiled. His paradoxical sayings gained a wide circulation and soon exerted a captivating influence over the minds of students who aspired to understand the meaning of the wahdat al-wujud. CE 859). When Bayazid died he was over seventy years old. but Bayazid also claimed to have traveled through the 7 heavens in his dream. Before he died. Not only his sayings are controversial. [ edit]Intoxicated Sufi An intoxicated Sufi is one that expresses their feelings openly without disregarding the social consequences in doing so. who was a student of the sixth Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. there is no God but I. referred to in his words as drunkenness (sukr or wajd).He desires to see me" "I am I. This journey proclaimed by Bayazid is similar to the Mi'raj of the Prophet Muhammad (Sells. This was the acceptable comportment of a Sufi. Bastami was one of the first to speak of "annihilation of the self in God" (fana fi 'Allah') and "subsistence through God" (baqa' bi 'Allah). or in Semnan.” Bayazid died in 874 CE and is buried either in the city of Bistam in north central Iran. The people opposed to his openness accused Bayazid of being a heretic due to his bizarre sayings. These sayings are some of Bayazid's famous sayings that caused him to be labeled as an intoxicated Sufi. presenting a system which helped the murid (initiate) and the shaykh (guide) to communicate. Bayazid Bastami took this a step further and emphasized the importance of ecstasy. Unity of Being. someone asked him his age. I do not desire to see God.Bastami's predecessor Dhu'l-Nun al-Misri (d. He said: "I am four years old. a student of Jābir ibn Hayyān. Iran. meaning that he reserved his feelings within himself and not allowing for such expressions to be observed to the outside world. a means of selfannihilation in the Divine Presence. Before him. however when Bayazid began to express himself openly. Sufism was mainly based on piety and obedience and he played a major role in placing the concept of divine love at the core of Sufism. Unlike the sufi Junayd who was a sober sufi.
or site of witnessing. 3:169 [ edit]Sayings ذک ه ال ل Farid al-Din Attar: Some of his words quoted from Tadhkiratul Awliya yb I never saw any lamp shining more brilliantly than the lamp of silence. Then . Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead. love had rained and had covered earth. Wala tahsabanna allatheena qutiloo fee sabeeli Allahi amwatan bal ahyaon AAinda rabbihim yurzaqoona. This seems unlikely to be true. One explanation is the local legend that Bayazid did indeed visit Chattagong. At the time of his return. Sufi teachers were greatly influential in the spread of Islam in Bengal and this might explain the belief. where the spiritual presence of the saint has been witnessed. even after death. to appear to the living. I stood with the pious and I didn‟t find any progress with them. Bangladesh that local people believe to be Bastami's tomb as well. Overwhelmed by the love of his local followers. I stood with the warriors in the cause and I didn‟t find a single step of progress with them. or imitation. I found my feet covered with love. This also explained by the traditional Sufi masters as a mash-had. Nay. The Quran mentions that some of those who have proven their sincerity have achieved a life beyond the grave . I went to a wilderness. The Islamic scholars of Bangladesh usually regard the tomb at Chittagong attributed to him as a jawab. they live. and is known to appear.Bangladesh. he found that his local followers did not want to leave. as Bastami was never known to have visited Bangladesh. there is a shrine in Chittagong. Interestingly enough. However. as feet penetrate snow. This is explained through the Sufi concept of the power of the saint's soul to travel and in its spiritual form. finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.[ edit]The Mystery About Shrine of Bayazid Bostami in Bangladesh Bayazid Bastami's shrine in Chittagong. he pierced his finger and dropped a few drops of his blood on the ground and allowed his followers to build a shrine in his name where his blood drops fell.
IL.. EBSCO. pg 206. Second Edition. al-Shibi. 28 September 2009 http://www.69 5. 141 ^ Walbridge. ^ al-Qifti.info/architecture/ansari/ansari. Bennett 6. Edited by: P. 360 [ edit]See also Qari Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui Timeline of Islamic history Teleportation in Islam [ edit]References Ritter. 4 March 1969 by J. 1903]. C. 2. Brill. Originally published in “Systematics”Volume 6. Richard C. Taylor. ^ Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri. Heinrichs. Īsā B. ^ Abdullah Ansari Shrine Complex. L.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-0275 Quasem. Bianquis . "Al-qushayri's Epistle on Sufism: Al-risala Alqushayriyya Fi 'ilm Al-tasawwuf".. Academic Search Premier. Herat. Brill Online. 1993): 143. Translated by Alexander D. pg 32 4. by H. p." Asian Philosophy 3. H. Cambridge University Press. No.2 (Oct. ^ “Hacegan Hanedani”.‟ [ edit]Notes 1. Tarikh al-Hukama' [Leipzig. Rock Island. 2007. Knysh.brillonline. 2009. G. 2009 . Afghanistanhttp://www.E. Takim. "Abū Yazīd Bāyazīd) Tayfūr B. ^ The Heirs of the Prophet: Charisma and Religious Authority in Shi'ite Islam By Liyakat N. E. Surūshān al. „Leave yourself and come. Shushud. Muhammad Abul. op.. 2005. 3.htm 7." Encyclopaedia of Islam.P. Th. 28 Sep. Garnet & Ithaca Press. 185. "Al-Ghazali's evaluation of Abu Yazid al-Bistami and his disapproval of the mystical concepts of. "Suhrawardi and Illumination" in "The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy " edited by Peter Adamson. Istanbul 1958. Augustana. p. „O Allah. ^ The Darvishes: Or Oriental Spiritualism By John Pair Brown. what is the way to You?‟ and Allah said.I said. van Donzel and W.Bistāmī. Bearman . Bosworth . Augustana College. John.kufic. cit.
"Getting Drunk with Abu Yazid or Staying Sober with Junayd: The Creation of Popular Typology of Sufism" bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (Nov. ed. 2003): pg 1-13. Majaddedi. [ edit]External links Biography of Bayazid al-Bistami in Urdu Biography of Bayazid al-Bistami Bayazid's Tomb in Iran Banglapedia article of Bastami Bayazidian Sufism: Annihilation without Ritual .Gerhard.org. New Jersey: Paulist. BESṬĀMĪ BĀYAZĪD. Michael A.ebscohost. Sells.iranicaonline. Jawid A. "Encyclopædia Iranica Online. Early Islamic Mysticism. 2005. Print. available at www..<http://search. Böwering.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=970605311 7&site=ehost-live>. 1996.Article by Alireza Nurbakhsh in SUFI: a journal of Sufism The Naqshbandiya Khalidiya Haqqaniya Tariqa in Italy [hide]v · d · eSufism and Tariqah Baqaa Fanaa Ideas Haal Haqiqa Ihsan .
Kashf Lataif Manzil Marifa Muqaam Nafs Noor Sulook Sufi cosmology Sufi metaphysics Sufi philosophy Sufi psychology .
Yaqeen Dhikr Haḍra Practices Muraqaba Qawwali Sama Whirling Alians Ba 'Alawi Sufi orders Bayramī Bektashī Chishtī Hurufi .
Khalwatī Malāmatī Mevlevī Murīdi Naqshbandi Ni'matullāhī Qadirī Qalāndārī Rifa'i Safāvī Shadhili Suhrawardī .
Tijanī Zahediyeh Abul-Khayr Ahmad Ghazālī Al-Ghazālī al-Gilanī al-Qunawi Notable early Sufi saints and mystics al-Sinjanī Amīr Kulal Ata Allah Attar Auliyā Bande Nawāz .
Baqī Billah Bastami Bayram Bektash Bhita'i Bu Ali Bulleh Shah Dehlāvī Farīd ūd-Dīn Gālib Gharīb Nawāz Ghujdawanī Ghulam Farīd .
Haddad Hallaj Hamadānī Hansvi Hasan Basri Hudayi Hujwiri ibn ʿArabī Jami Jānān Jazoulī Junayd Baġdādi Kākī .
Kaliyarī Karkhi Kharaqanī Kūbra Misrī Naqshband Nurī Nimatullah Qutub ūd-Dīn Rabbānī Rabia Basri Rifa'i .
Rudbari Rukn-e-Alam Rūmī Saadi Sabakhi Safī Sanai Semnani Shadhili Shahāb ād-Dīn Shibli Shirazi Sultan Walad .
Tabrizī Najib al-Suhrawardī Umar al-Suhrawardī Yasavī Yunus Zakariya Zarruq Zar Zarī Auliya Nagpuri Notable modern Sufi saints Meher Ali Qadeer Piya Muhammad Maliki .
Gohar Shahi Tahir ul-Qadri Tahir Allauddin Abdal Hakim Murad Nazim Al-Haqqani Hisham Kabbani Nuh Keller Nooruddeen Durkee Abdalqadir as-Sufi Azeemi Zaheen Ghulam Mustafa Reshad Feild .
Ahmad al-Alawi Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Abd al-Rahman al-Shaghouri Omar Shah Haeri Raza Khan Syed Shujaat Pir Zulfiqar Abdullah Naqshbandi Sufi Barkat Ali Idries Shah Sufi studies Saheb Qibla Fultali Aguéli Almqvist .
Burckhardt Chittick Corbin Ernst Frager Guénon Hixon Lindbom Lings Nasr Schimmel Sells .
Shah Schuon Art Fiction History Topics in Sufism Music Poetry Shrines View page ratings Texts Rate this page What's this? Trustworthy Objective Complete Well-written I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) Submit ratings Categories: .
. Log in / create account 804 births 874 deaths Iranian Sufis Sufi mystics Article Discussion Read Edit View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Toolbox Print/export Languages ة ل ع Català Deutsch ی ف Bahasa Indonesia Italiano Қазақша Kurdî ص ى Русский Basa Sunda Svenska Türkçe This page was last modified on 17 October 2011 at 15:35.
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