Introduction to SAP

Package 200 - FICO - Infosys

1

Business without ERP
Customers

PP contacts Purchasing for raw material

Purchasing
Customer Calls to place 1 order for a Car

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Sales office/Inventory contacts PP

Production Planning
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Sales office contacts Inventory

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2

Sales

Inventory

Business without ERP (Contd..)
Lets add some more Business Processes

Business without ERP (Contd.) Customers What to manufactur e?? Whom to contact for status? What is Cost and profit Where is my car What is this confusion Production Planning Sales Shop floor Finance Purchasing Vendors Inventory ..

I did not order for a TRUCK!!!! Dear Sir.Lets Deliver the end product to customer. Your Order… Sales ..

Business without ERP (Contd.) I AM NOT TAKING DELIVERY AND WILL NEVER DEAL WITH YOU! We are SORRY Sir Sales ..

Overall Picture Vendors Sales General Ledger Purchasing Customers A/R A/P Production Planning Inventory Shop Floor Execution .

Why Enterprise Architecture Why Enterprise Architecture ? Numerous disparate information systems Integrating the data becomes costly    Time Money Resources Inconsistencies and duplication of data Lack of timely information .

Enterprise Structure – Integrating Business FA Marketing Treasury GL Shop Floor Sales AR AP Purchasing Payroll HR Partner Systems PP Mfg. Plants .

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Enterprise Architecture .Benefits Eliminates the duplication. discontinuity and redundancy in data Increases the return on investment made on IT implementations Delivers quality information designed for the Enterprise as a whole Faster and cheaper Delivers quality information to produce a quality enterprise ER Satisfying Partners/CustomersP Reducing required manpower .

Quiz Time What is the full form of SAP? When was SAP founded? .

Hopp.Quiz Time What is the full form of SAP? Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing When was SAP founded? Founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther. Hector. Plattner and Tschira Renamed in 1977 .

History of SAP Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing German : Systeme. Anwendungen. Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung Founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther. Plattner and Tschira Renamed in 1977 Before 1977 : Systems Analysis and Program Development (German : Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung) SAP is both the name of the Company as well as their ERP Product . Hector. Hopp.

Steps to Strategic ERP Enterprise Resource PlanningEnterprise is evolved through these Inter-Enterprise stages … Resource Co-operation Planning Collaborative Business Create Strategic Value Total Company Value Automation Efficiency and Control 80’s R/2 90’s R/3 Today mySAP ERP Evolution of ERP .

Evolution of SAP .

com with one step business . Which is the latest SAP product? mySAP ERP mySAP Business Suite mySAP.Quiz Time SAP R/3 client server architecture evolved in year___________.

Quiz Time SAP R/3 client server architecture evolved in year 1992 Which is the latest SAP product? mySAP ERP mySAP Business Suite mySAP.com with one step business .

Infosys 20 .SAP R/3 Architecture Package 200 .FICO .

3 Tier Client / Server Architecture The SAP R/3 architecture is based on a 3-tier client/server principle Presentation Server Application Server Database Server Dedicated Servers are linked by Communication .

.2) .SAP R/3 System Architecture (Contd..

Overview of Presentation & Database Servers The Presentation Server GUI only At workstation Very light Sends requests to application server Obtains screens from application server and displays The Database Server Interface between application server and RDBMS Also holds the vendor specific DB driver .

Create & Test ABAP/4 programs) (Technical) (Authorizations/Ids/etc) .SAP R/3 Conceptual Areas SAP Conceptual Areas Application Area (Initiate and execute SAP transactions) (Functional) Basis Area (The technical administration of the system) Development Area (1. A developer’s workbench 2.

. .Transport Request Systems in R3 Development System (DC) Quality System (QC) Production System (IC) Client 110 100 etc.

Clients in R/3 The Logon Client 3 digit number ( 000 to 999) Helps maintain independent sets of data within the same R/3 system Client mechanism and handling .

Clients in R/3 .

. Java .. OSF/Motif *.R/3 Technology Environment Hardware UNIX Systems Bull IBM Digital SNI HP SUN Bull/Zenith Compaq Data General . Macintosh *.1. HTML. Digital NCR HP (Intel) Sequent IBM (Intel) SNI IBM AS/400 IBM S/390 Operating AIX Reliant systems Digital UNIX UNIX (SINIX) HP-UX SOLARIS Windows NT OS/400 OS/390 Databases ADABAS D DB2 for AIX INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE ADABAS D MS SQL Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE DB2 for OS/400 DB2 for OS/390 Dialog SAPGUI Languages Windows 3. C. Windows 95. Windows NT. C++. Java ABAP/4. OS/2 Presentation Manager (PM).

0 ADABAS D OS/400 Win 95 OS/2 DB2/400 .Platforms and Databases supported by R/3 Operating Systems AIX SINIX SOLARIS HP-UX Digital Unix Windows NT Supported Hardware IBM SNI SUN Digital HP Bull AT&T Compaq Bull / Zenith HP (Intel) SNI IBM (Intel) Digital (Intel) Data-General AS/400 Supported Front ends Win 3.1 SQL Server 6.1/ 95 / NT OSF / Motif OS/2 Macintosh Win 3.1 / 95 / NT OSF / Motif OS/2 Macintosh Supported Databases DB2 for AIX Informix – Online Oracle 7.1 ADABAS D Oracle 7.

Client Server Benefit .

Quiz Time Presentation Server Application Server Match the following Windows Basis 3 Digit number Client Testing/ UAT Quality System GUI .

Quiz Time Presentation Server Application Server Match the following GUI Business Administration Client Quality System (QC) 3 Digit number Client Testing/ UAT .

Infosys 33 .SAP R/3 Modules Package 200 .FICO .

SAP Modules SD – Sales and Distribution MM – Materials Management PP – Production Planning FI – Financial Accounting SD MM PP FI CO AM CO – Controlling AM – Asset Management SAP R/3 QM QM – Quality Management PM – Plant Maintenance WM – Warehouse Management HR PM WM PS WF HR – Human Resources WF – Workflow PS – Project System .

Financial accounting (FI) SAP R/3 Application Controlling (CO) Asset management (AM) Modules Materials management (MM) Sales and Distribution (SD) Production Planning (PP) Quality management (QM) Plant maintenance (PM) & Customer Service (CS) .

Module Functionalities MM Material Procurement Inventory Management Batch Management Goods inspection Invoice Verification PP BOM/Work Center/Routing MRP Capacity Evaluations Production Orders QM in production SD Inquiry processing Sales Order Processing Delivery Processing Billing FI General Ledger Accounts Payable Accounts receivable Cash management CO Cost Center Accounting Product Costing Order Contribution Analysis .

Quiz Time Financial Accounting Controlling Match the following Inventory Management Shop Floor Control Financial Reporting Profit center Accounting Billing Materials Management Sales & Distribution Production .

Quiz Time Financial Accounting Match the following Asset Management & Financial Reporting Profit center Accounting Inventory Management Controlling Materials Management Sales & Billing .

Module FI – Financial Accounting • External reporting of • • • General ledger Accounts receivable/payable Sub-ledger accounts with a user-defined Chart of Accounts • Key elements • • • • • • • General ledger Accounts payable Accounts receivable Asset Management Special Purpose Ledger (FI-SL) Legal consolidation Accounting Information System .

Financial Accounting Bank Foreign exchange management Finance information system Management of secureties and loans Cash management and forecast Accounts payable Payables Bank accounts Receivables Accounts receivable General Ledger Invoice verification Extended General Ledger Consolidation Credit management .

Module CO – Controlling • Represents the flow of cost and revenue • Instrument for organizational decisions • Key elements of the CO application module include : • • • Cost center accounting Product cost Planning Product Costing • • • • Profitability analysis Profit center accounting Activity based costing Enterprise controlling .

Module SD – Sales and Distribution • Optimize tasks/activities in • Sales • • Delivery Billing • Key elements of the SD application module include : • Pre-sales support • • • • • • • • Inquiry processing Quotation processing Sales order processing Delivery processing Warehouse management Billing Credit Management Sales Information system .

SALES INFORMATION SYSTEM Sales Sales Support and Distribution Processing Sales activity Inquiry Quotation Delivery free of charge Subsequent delivery free of charge Sales order Contract Scheduling agreement MATERIALS MANAGEMENT Sales USD Returns Shipping Delivery Billing Debit memo Invoice Credit memo FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING .

Module MM – Materials Management • Supports • • Procurement Inventory • Key elements • • Materials procurement (purchasing) Inventory management • • • • Invoice verification Material valuation Vendor evaluation External Services management • • Purchasing Information System (PurchIS) Inventory Controlling Information system .

BASIC DATA  Material Special stock Batch Materials Management PURCHASING     Purchase requisition SD PP PM Third-party order Requirements  Vendor/one-time customer  Purchasing info record  Service specifications  Workflow  Optical archive  RFQ/Quotation    Purchasing information system Vendor evaluation MRP Direct requisition Release procedures Material/service Price comparisons Price comparison list Purchase orders Outline agreements Scheduling agreements  Purchasing    Service/ Spare Parts Service / Inspection QM spare parts lot FI AM CO PS G/L accounts Cash management and forecast Fixed assets Cost center / Budget Project INVENTORY MANAGEMENT       Texts Mail Communication  Classification  Documents Goods receipt/issue Transfer posting Quantities and values Physical inventory Storage bins INVOICE VERIFICATION    Conditions Check and post Price update .

activity-based costing Work in process Kanban Production planning for process industries (PP-PI) Repetitive Manufacturing .Module PP – Production Planning • To plan and control the manufacturing activities • Key elements • • • • • Bill of Material (BOM) Routings Work Centers Sales and Operations planning (SOP) Master Production Scheduling (MPS) – Capacity Planning • • • • • • • • Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) Shop Floor Control (SFC) Production orders Product costing.

Production Planning Customers Sales Shipping Billing SD PP SD Sales and Operations Planning Demand management / MPS Material requirements planning Detailed Schedeling and Planning Capacity planning Shop floor control Costing Information system Project Networks PS SD PM SD Maintenance Repairs Plant maintenance QM SD Inbound Raw Material Finished Goods Vendors MM SD Purchasing Warehouse Invoice verification FI Financial accounting CO Cost accounting HR Human resources .

production.Module QM – Quality Management • Supports • Quality planning • • • • Inspection Control for manufacturing Costing Procurement • Key elements • • • Quality planning Quality during procurement. distribution Quality Management Information .Quality inspection • Information System (QMIS) .

Material Planning.Module PS – Project System & HR – Human Resource • PS – Project Systems • Support planning. control. Milestones. Capacities Scheduling • Key elements • Project Management Information System • HR – Human Resource • Key elements • Recruitment • Payroll & Time management • Travel Expense accounting & Benefits • Workforce planning & Training administration • Organization management . & monitoring of long term highly complex projects with defined goals • Project WBS – Plan • Budget & Monitor • Network Management • Activity monitoring.

Quiz Time Is Industry solutions an SAP module like FI/CO/MM etc? True/False PP Supports procurement and Inventory FI Handles project budgeting and monitoring .

Quiz Time solutions a module like FI/CO/MM Is SAP .Industry etc? NO True/False PP Supports procurement and Inventory (False – MM Supports these functions) FI Handles project budgeting and monitoring (False – PS handles these functions) .

IS – Industry Solutions • Combines SAP R/3 application modules to additional industryspecific functionality • Result of the research by industry Centers expertise (ICOE) .

Construction & Operations SAP for Healthcare SAP for Public Sector SAP for High Tech SAP for Retail SAP for Higher Education & Research SAP for Service Providers SAP for Industrial Machinery & Components SAP for Telecommunications SAP for Insurance .mySAP Industry Solutions (Some SAP for Aerospace & Examples) Defense SAP for Media SAP for Automotive SAP for Mill Products SAP for Banking SAP for Mining SAP for Chemicals SAP for Oil & Gas SAP for Consumer Products SAP for Pharmaceuticals SAP for Engineering.

Infosys 55 .SAP Product Overview Package 200 .FICO .

Evolution of SAP products Solutions mySAP CRM mySAP SCM mySAP HR mySAP PLM ……….. mySAP ERP R/3 Enterprise Web AS mySAP Business Suite R/3 SAP NetWeaver •Easing Upgrade Plans & Providing Transition Options •Bringing benefits of SAP Netweaver into installed base •New Customers have more entry options & receive world –class ERP .

Evolution of SAP products SAP R/3 my SAP Solutions my SAP Business Suite .

SAP R/3 Financials HR Corporate Services Operations .

mySAP Solutions mySAP PLM mySAP SCM mySAP Financials mySAP CRM mySAP SRM mySAP HR Corporate Services Operations Adaptive Business Solutions SAP R/3 .

MDM) Process Integration (XI) .my SAP Business Suite mySAP PLM mySAP SCM mySAP mySAP SRM mySAP Financials mySAP HR Corporate Services Operations CRM SAP NetWeaver Application Platform ( Web As) People Integration (Portal) Information Integration( BI.

mySAP Solutions & Netweaver mySAP CRM mySAP SRM mySAP SCM mySAP PLM .

My SAP Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Package 200 .FICO .Infosys 62 .

CRM Solution Map .

CRM – Holistic view .

Where does a CRM solution fit? Who What Marketing Sales Service Executives Service Use a CRM Solution to complete the Cycle Engage Fulfill Transact Workplace Which way How Internet Mobile Telephony Operational Analytical Collaborative .

mySAP.com Portal Users CRM Component Landscape CRM System OLTP R/3 System BW As one big logical box Internet Telephone Callers Mobile Clients APO .

Enterprise CRM Internet Sales B2C Scenario Consumer Internetselling BBP Scenario Business Partner B2R Scenario Reseller .

Service Planning within CRM • Service module • Proactively engage customers with the correct resources at the most beneficial times • Customer Care • Provide customer with 24/7 accessibility from all communication channels with precise and consistent informationon • Installed Base Management • Maintain an accurate. up-to-date record of a customer’s .

MobileofSales module withinof the Suite tools tailored to the needs CRM offline mobile sales force Provides an integrated view of customers. activities. quotations. opportunities. Heavy cross-referencing for easy navigation Facilitates the sales process by Effectively managing customers and prospects Providing appropriate customer. product and competitive information Determining product and pricing configurations . orders. products. prospects. etc. competitors. services.

Quiz Time What is the latest version of mySAP CRM Name the three service modules with in CRM .

0) Name three service modules with in CRM Service Planning Customer care .Quiz Time What is the latest version of mySAP CRM (Version 5.

My SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) Package 200 .Infosys 72 .FICO .

SRM Solution Map .

0 Exchange Infrastructure Content Integrator .Key Components of mySAP SRM mySAP SRM – eProcurement mySAP SCE Supplier Collaboration Engine • Enterprise Buyer Prof 3.5 • Supplier self services 1.0B • Requisite Bugs Eye 3.0 • Bidding Engine 3.0 • Requisite eMerge 3.5 • Enterprise Portal 5. W’house 3.5 • Business Inf.5 • User Management 3.

line of business •Supplier evaluation: Helps you evaluate the supplier base within the organization systems and external market places to identify and select supplier to ensure reliable & uninterrupted supply •Request for quotation and auctions: Provides electronic auctioning and bidding tools to compress sourcing cycle times •Contract management: Helps create and manage value and quantity contracts • Operational Procurement •Self-service procurement: Enables decentralizing procurement process within organization. without diluting the control •Plan-driven procurement: Enables automatic purchase order generation for stock materials across the integrated supply chain •Services procurement: Enables service procurement process to be managed online .• Strategic Sourcing Key Components of mySAP SRM •Sourcing analytics: Helps provide analytics based on supplier location.

and orders based document exchange •Supplier portal: Provides portal features for suppliers to manage their product data •Supplier connectivity: Provides capability to connect multiple suppliers through XM_- • Content Management •Content consolidation: Provides capability to consolidate product and vendor information •Catalog content management: Provides capability to manage OCI compatible catalog with tools for data import. data edit and a search engine .Contd.• Key Components of mySAP Supplier Enablement SRM….

Quiz Time Name any one key component of mySAP SRM Solution map .

Quiz Time Name any one key component of mySAP SRM Solution map Following are the three key components of mySAP SRM .

FICO .Infosys 79 .My SAP Supply Chain Management (SCM) Package 200 .

SCM – Solution Map .

Integration with CRM. SRM and PLM SAP ICH (inventory Collaboration Hub) Collaboration with Suppliers SAP EM (Event Management) Monitor.mySAP SCM SAP APO (Advanced Planning and Optimizing) Flexible and Adaptive Planning. alert and resolve exceptions .

GATP. TPVS and TLB Planning system where selective Master data maintained and sourced from R/3 Core interface SAP CRM. SAP SRM and SAP PLM Planning Outputs include Forecasts. SNP or PPDS Planned Orders. Stock Transfers and Production Orders Legacy Systems BAPI . destination of transaction data like planning outputs or Availability Checks for Execution systems SAP SCM Transaction Data Core Interface Master Data Module includea Demand Planning.Typical SAP SCM Solution-scape SAP R/3 Dominant source of Master Data in SAP SCM. SNP & Deployment. PPDS.

One-on-One comparison i2 Technologies (Tradematrix SCM) Forecasting SAP SCM ORACLE APS Manugistics (Networks SCM) Demand Demand Planner/Deman Planner d Management Demand Fulfillment Supply Chain Planning SAP GATP (Global ATP) SAP SNP (Supply Network Planning) PP/DS (Production Planning and Detailed Oracle Demand Demand Planner Management Oracle GOP (Global Order Promising) Oracle ASCP (Advanced SCP) Oracle Manufacturing Scheduling Fulfillment Management Master Planning ATP and Fulfillment Material and Resource planning Manufacturing Factory Planning Planning Manufacturing Planning and Scheduling .

FICO .Infosys 84 .mySAP Product Life Cycle Management (PLM) Package 200 .

PLM Solution Map .

Infosys 86 .FICO .SAP Netweaver Package 200 .

A Roadmap for Web Services .

Services are changing SAP’s Product portfolio .

From Basis to WAS .

Integration is the Key Challenge Business Drivers Document Mgmt Call Center Market Analysis Extended Value Network Increased Market Dynamics Integration costs are high Long integration projects IT environments become increasingly rigid Lots of heterogeneous systems SCM ERP E-sales Pressure on IT increases Must leverage existing investments Must support new business processes quicker Trading E-procurement Technical systems Must reduce total cost of ownership (TCO) PLM .

How to Address the Integration Challenge Reduce Complexity • Minimize the number of connections through hubs Document Mgmt Call Center Market Analysis •Use only one platform to integrate all people.NET and J2EE interoperability •Deliver adaptors for ISV products •Deliver products. not projects E-sales Increase company performance •Increase ease of use. information. and systems Reduce Cost Integration SCM ERP •Deliver . scalability and adaptability Trading E-procurement Technical systems •Increase business process flexibility by using an Enterprise Services Architecture PLM .

The fundamental Web services standards are supported by the Web Application Server (Web AS). which is the basis for all other NetWeaver components .

NET and J2EE interoperability The Business foundation for SAP and partners  Powers business-ready solutions that reduce custom integration It’s Enterprise Services Architecture increases business process flexibility .SAP NetWeaver The integration and application platform for lower TCO Unifies and aligns people. information and business processes Integrates across technologies and organizational boundaries A safe choice with full .

Accential ) Life cycle Management Information Integration Bus.SAP Mobile Infrastructure SAP Enterprise Portal Business packages Collaboration SAP NetWeaver in Detail (SAP Internal View) Product SAP components and killer features NetWeaver People Integration Composite Application Framework Multi-channel Access Portal Collaboration Tight coupling and alignment with SAP business solutions SAP Business information Warehouse Business content Tight integration to Sap Open architecture (Crystal. scalable. comprehensive toolsets Leverage existing infrastructure/skillets . Intelligence Knowledge Mgmt Master Data Management Master Data Management Coming in 2003 Process Integration Integration Broker Business Process Management SAP Exchange Infrastructure Proxy generation and mapping tools Integration directory SAP’s ability to execute Application Platform J2EE ABAP Multi-channel Access SAP Web Application Server Proven.

NetWeaver Business content makes the business foundation .

FICO .SAP Organizational units Package 200 .Infosys 96 .

Business Scenarios – Main Elements .

Organizational Structure in SAP Production Planning Financial Accounting Plant Company Code Controlling Controlling Area Client Human Resources Personnel Area Sales and Distribution Materials Management Sales Area Purchasing Organization .

Company Code .

Organizational Structure .Levels .

Organizational Structure – Business Functions .

Enterprise Structure .Technology .

Shipping Point Storage Location Distribution Channel Sales Office Sales Group Loading Point Division .SAP Organizational Structure: Cardinality Client Chart of Accounts Purchasing Group Company Code Purchasing Org. Plant Sales Organ.

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Quiz Time Which is not a part of SAP Business Scenario main Elements Master Data Organizational Unit Transaction Document All the above Answer True or False .

Quiz Time Elements Which is not a part of SAP Business Scenario main Master Data Organizational Unit Transaction Document All the above Answer True or False One Chart of accounts can be assigned to many Company Codes .

FICO .Organizational Elements in FICO Package 200 .Infosys 107 .

Organizational Units in R/3 FI .

Overview: Organizational Elements in Accounting

Organizational Elements in Logistics

Package 200 - FICO - Infosys

110

Overview: Organizational Elements in Logistics

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.Quiz Time State True/False Company is obligatory in an organization structure Fill in the blank Unit responsible for procurement of materials/services and negotiating with vendors is called ____________.

Quiz Time State True/False Company is obligatory in an organization structure (False – Company code is obligatory) Fill in the blank Unit responsible for procurement of materials/services and negotiating with vendors is called Purchasing Organization .

Infosys 116 .FICO .Organizational Elements in Sales Package 200 .

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Quiz Time Fill in the blanks Sales area is a combination of _____________. ________________ and _______________. .

Division and Distribution Channel .Quiz Time Fill in the blanks Sales area is a combination of Sales Organization.

FICO .Navigation Package 200 .Infosys 125 .

Logging on to SAP System Logon pad with different systems .

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Adding to favorites
Steps to add transaction to favorites Step I: Select the transaction you want to add to favorites Step II: Right click on the transaction you want to add to favorites Step III: Select Add to favorites.

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General Settings Package 200 .FICO .Infosys 134 .

Variants Global Settings (at Country level) Calendar Public Holidays Holiday Calendar Factory Calendar Unit of Measurements Currencies Currency codes Conversions (quotations) .

The Variant Principle .

Calendar Holidays Define Public
Define Holiday Calendar
A combination of a yearly 12-month calendar and a list of all public

holidays that fall within a calendar year.
Gives an overview of all working days and all days off for a calendar year. It can be created to cover a validity period of several years. Can be defined according to the country or region in which they are

Define Factory Calendar Calendar
Calendar in which working days are numbered sequentially. Defined on the basis of a public holiday calendar. Validity period of a factory calendar must be within the

validity period of the public holiday calendar.
The weekdays that are working days must also be specified in this calendar.

Examples:
 

Monday through Friday are working days. Saturday, Sunday and public holidays are non-working

days.

Enables calculations with quantities and physical Unit of measurement units. Units of measurement are needed for internal conversions (such as kilogram <-> gram, but also centimeter <-> inch). The international system of units (SI) is used for this. UOMs are held centrally in the SAP System for all applications.

You can manage ledgers in two parallel currencies in addition to the local currency .Currencies Legal means of payment in a country.

Conversion factors .Currency settings Currency codes SAP maintains about 187 currencies. that currency to be maintained Standard quotation Can specify direct or indirect quotation. If any transaction in a new currency will happen for the organization. System by default will take direct quotes.

Exchange Rate Type is used for different Exchange Rate Type business purposes where multiple rates can be maintained for a pair of currencies The following exchange rate types exist Buying rate (G) Bank selling rate (B) Average rate (M) Historical exchange rate Key date exchange rate Default exchange rate types can be maintained .

Foreign Currency Valuation . Exchange Rate Differences To determine gains or losses from exchange rate differences. or to check a manually entered exchange rate during posting or clearing.Exchange rates in the system for the following Exchange Rate purposes Posting and Clearing To translate amounts posted or cleared in foreign currency.

Quiz Time Fill in the blank The difference between ____________ and ____________ is called spread. SAP maintains ___________ number of currencies. .

. SAP maintains 187 number of currencies.Quiz Time Fill in the blank The difference between Buying rate and Selling rate is called spread.

Thank You! Package 200 .Infosys 146 .FICO .

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