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Scorpio 5: A massive rocky shore

Scorpio 5: A massive rocky shore

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Scorpio 5: A massive rocky shore
T h e w o r d mass i v e i s a d e s ce n d a n t o f t h e I n d o - E u r op e a n ( I E ) r o o t mag - w hi c h m e a n s “ t o k n e a d, fa s h i o n , f i t ” a n d f r om w h i c h a l s o d e s ce n d t h e w o r d s m a gm a,

m a ke , m as o n, m a ss, m a t c h, m on gre l , a n d m i n gl e . 1
T h e n o u n r oc k i n t h i s c o n t e x t r e f e r s t o “ re l a t i v e l y h a r d, n a t u ra l l y f o r m e d m i n e r a l o r p e t r i fi e d m
Scorpio 5: A massive rocky shore
T h e w o r d mass i v e i s a d e s ce n d a n t o f t h e I n d o - E u r op e a n ( I E ) r o o t mag - w hi c h m e a n s “ t o k n e a d, fa s h i o n , f i t ” a n d f r om w h i c h a l s o d e s ce n d t h e w o r d s m a gm a,

m a ke , m as o n, m a ss, m a t c h, m on gre l , a n d m i n gl e . 1
T h e n o u n r oc k i n t h i s c o n t e x t r e f e r s t o “ re l a t i v e l y h a r d, n a t u ra l l y f o r m e d m i n e r a l o r p e t r i fi e d m

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Scorpio 5: A massive rocky shore

T h e w o r d mass i v e i s a d e s ce n d a n t o f t h e I n d o - E u r op e a n ( I E ) r o o t mag - w hi c h m e a n s “ t o k n e a d, fa s h i o n , f i t ” a n d f r om w h i c h a l s o d e s ce n d t h e w o r d s m a gm a,

m a ke , m as o n, m a ss, m a t c h, m on gre l , a n d m i n gl e . 1
T h e n o u n r oc k i n t h i s c o n t e x t r e f e r s t o “ re l a t i v e l y h a r d, n a t u ra l l y f o r m e d m i n e r a l o r p e t r i fi e d m a t t e r ; s t o n e . ” 2 I t s u l t i m a t e o r i g i n i s u n c e r t a i n . A m on g i t s m o r e r e c e n t p r o g e n i t o r s a re t h e O l d E n g li s h ro c c i n t he w o r d s t a n ro c me a n i n g “ s t on e r o c k o r o b l e l i s k” , t he V u l g a r L a t i n ro c ca . Th e O n l i n e E t ym o lo gi c a l D i c t io n a ry indicates that the word used in Middle English “principally for ro ck f o r m a t i o n s a s op p os e d t o i n d i v i d u a l st o n e s. ” 3 T h e w o r d s ho re de s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t ( s) ke r -1 w h i ch m e a n s “ t o c u t ” a n d from which descends several other words i n c l u d i n g : s he e r ( a s w e r v i n g o r d e v i a t i n g course),

s ha re , s c o re,

p l o ws h a re , scar
(a

sh e a r ,

s c a b ba rd,

p r o t ru d i n g

i s o l a t e d r o c k ; a b a r e r o c k y p l a c e on a m o u n t a i n s i d e ) , s ke rry ( a s m a l l r o c k y r e e f o r i s l a n d ) , s c arf , s h a rd, s h o rt,

s h i rt , s ki rt, s c a ram o u c h , s c ri m ma ge, s ki rm i s h, s c re e n, c a rn a ge, c a rn a l, c a rn a ti o n, c a rn i va l, c h a rn e l, c ro ne , ca rn i vo ro u s , i n c a rna t e, c u rt , c u rta i l, ki rt l e , c o rm, c o rtex , s c u rf , s ca rp ( a st e e p s l o p e o r l o n g c l i f f t h a t r e s u l t s
f r o m e r o s i o n ) , s c rap , s c ra pe , s c ra bb l e, s c ru b , s h ru b , s c rew, a n d s c ro f u l a . TH EMES : A l l t h r e e k e y w o r d s e m p h a s i z e t h e i de a o f ROCKS . F i r s t a n d m o s t o b v i o us l y t h e r e i s t he k e y w o r d r ock y , t he a dj e c t i v a l f o r m o f t h e
1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 50 2 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/rock 3 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=rock Starling Hunter © 2011 1

n o u n ro c k. T h e n t he r e i s t h e k e y w o r d massi ve . On e o f i t s p a r o n y m s i s m a g m a w h i c h i s “ t h e m o l t e n r o c k m a t e r i a l un d e r t h e e a r t h ' s c r u s t , f r o m w h i c h i g n e o u s r o c k i s f o r m e d b y c o o li n g . ” 4 F i n a l l y, t h e re i s t h e k e y w o r d shor e . I t ha s t h r e e p a r o n y m s r e l a t i n g t o r o c k s o r s t on e s — s c a r ( a p r o t r u d i n g i s o la t e d r o c k ; a b a r e r o c ky p l a c e on a m o un t a i n si d e ) , s ke rry ( a s ma l l r o c k y r e e f o r i s l a n d) a n d s c arp ( a s t e e p s l o p e or l o n g c l i f f t h a t r e s u l t s f r o m e r o si on o r f a u l t i n g a n d se p a r a t e s t w o r e l a t i v e l y l e v e l a r e a s o f d i f f e r i n g e le v a t i o n s ; a st e e p s l op e i n f r o n t o f a f o r t i f i ca t i o n ) .

4

http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/magma
Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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