‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫א
‪:‬‬

‫‪ ٧‬‬

‫אنא
‪:‬‬

‫א 
א 

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٧‬‬

‫‪Symmetrical Components‬‬
‫‬
‫‬
‫‪ −١‬‬
‫א‪60‬אم‪34‬א 
א 
‪ 2‬א‪
01‬س‪,-.‬لو!*)(
' 
א&‪
%‬ل‪"#‬א 
! ‬
‫';א‪(9:.‬א&و‪.78‬و=!א 
א 
*‪.‬א‪0‬و!*א‪
'
(.‬و‪ 2‬א‪
?3‬ذא‬
‫(!=
‪A(B !7.‬א‪
%1‬لو
)=‪A‬א@‪.9‬و=;א'אع@‪9‬א‪ =C3 
.‬‬
‫א 
א 
‪KJ3L.H.‬م!*‪GH2‬א‪(83%.‬א@ ‪GH2I(%C J3‬א@‪E
F)9‬‬
‫‪،‬و)
‪34P=C
,Q‬א 
א 
وא@‪O‬א‪2‬א‪1‬دوאא‪7.
=R.‬א‪*
*6J3 .‬س‬
‫א@‪.9‬و א‪O#.‬אن‪GH2‬א‪OS.%(J)
*C
)
J@3%.‬א‪(.‬א‪ !,-C7.
=R.‬א‪.‬‬
‫ ‪A(X‬و‪,C‬א 
א 
و‪GH2‬א* 
‪ 
B‬جא‪V‬א‪U3.‬وא‪.PT‬‬
‫‬
‫‪−٢‬א 
א 

‫‪34‬א 
א 
‪A(B =C‬وא‪
;':Z
,Q‬م‪ 9:‬א&و‪A 
"#78‬‬
‫‪'K;'[9\.]Unbalanced system‬و 
‪ Three balanced systems‬و‪2‬א 

‫א‪8‬وא‪.
J.‬وא‪ Positive , negative ,and zero sequence components3R,.‬و‪H2‬א‬
‫א‪ (%COS_
,Q1‬א‪
(.‬אوא^*و‪HS2‬אא 
א‪(=) 
.‬א‪SC8‬ن‪[9O‬‬
‫‪
J
*F‬و‪ !3‬אאو)(*!ق‪4‬א‪٥١٢٠G‬وא 
א‪(=) 
.‬א‪SC.
J.‬ن‪O‬‬
‫‪
J
*F[9‬و‪ !3‬אאو)(*!ق‪4‬א‪٥١٢٠G‬و‪dS !OS.‬א‪G
c‬א 

‫א‪8‬وא 
א‪3R,.‬و‪
J\2‬و‪ !3‬אאو‪dR'
g‬א‪(١)ASe !f 
G
c1‬‬
‫و‪k@93‬אن‪A‬א‪C
*F‬و! א‪j 
dSG
c‬א‪ .
J.‬‬
‫و‪Al(0‬א‪K.‬א‪(١) RJ.‬אא‪(=) 
.‬א‪8‬وא‪K.‬א‪Al(0(٢) RJ.‬אא‪(=) 
.‬‬
‫א‪.
J.‬وא‪K.‬א‪Al(0(٥) RJ.‬אא‪(=) 
.‬א‪
l3R,.‬ل )‪2(Va1‬אא‪(=) 
.‬‬
‫א‪R.8‬ق‪*8‬א‪(A)78.‬و)‪2(Vb2‬אא‪(=) 
.‬א‪R..
J.‬ق‪*8‬א‪ (B)78.‬و‬
‫)‪ 2(Vc0‬אא‪(=) 
.‬א‪R.3R,.‬ق‪*8‬א‪.c 78.‬و‪A‬א‪C
*F 2
'S‬و‪dS‬‬
‫ 
‪j‬א‪ .
J.‬‬
‫‬

‫‪١‬‬

(٧) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

Vc1

o
120

o
120

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

Va1

V
a2

Vb2

o
120

o
120

o
120

Vb1

V
a0
V

b0
V
c0
o
120

Vc2
c) Zero

b) Negative

a) Positive  

\)*S.‫*א‬F. 
‫א 
א‬:(١)ASe  

@‫*وא‬F7.1)9l.‫א‬O"=.‫א‬3L.H.،‫! אא‬:‫
و‬JCm:‫نא‬Zn(@‫و‬
:‫א‬Hg‫(و‬.]‫
د‬01‫א‬Ho=)OS_‫(و‬a) 78.‫א‬V‫
دא‬01‫א‬OS_*R.‫א‬O3K‫و‬
U8‫א‬p) 
.‫א‬
Va1=Va1
Vb1= a2 Va1
Vc1= aVa1

U.
J.‫א‬p) 
.‫א‬
Va2=Va2
Vb2= a Va2
Vc2= a2 Va2

:R,.‫א‬p) 
.‫א‬
Va0=Va0 
Vb0=Va0 
Vc0=Va0 

o 

٢٤٠‫و‬o١٢٠‫א‬q
J.‫א‬j 
G
c‫א‬dS !3‫* 
אزא@زאو‬s3a2,a ‫ن‬9
=‫وא‬ 
.(.‫("! א‬uC‫م‬pU(Cv.‫ א‬
a = 1 ∠ 120 = -0.5 + j 0.866
a2 = 1 ∠ 240 o = - 0.5 - j 0.866
a3 = 1 ∠ 360o = 1.0
o 

 
‫א‬OS_9
=‫א‬GH2O‫و‬
2

1+a+a = 0
:(. 
.‫[ 
א‬9l.‫عא‬m‫ن‬SC78‫و‬Z[9w‫;
مذ‬.‫* 
א‬F‫و‬
Va
=Va1 + Va2 + Va0
Vb =Vb1 + Vb2 + Vb0
=a2Va1 + aVa2 + Va0
Vc
=Vc1 + Vc2 + Vc0
=aVa1 + a2Va2 + Va0  

:78‫و‬1‫(א‬9
*F‫א‬Om:1 
‫ل א 
א‬,x‫א‬OS_
Va1
=1/3 (Va+aVb+a2Vc)
Va2  =1/3(Va+a2 Vb+aVc)
Va0  =1/3(Va+Vb+Vc) 
.‫( 
א‬.
y1‫
)=
د‬OS_‫و‬ 

٢

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٧‬‬

‫‪−٣‬א 
א 
‪
'S‬א‪
;.‬مא‪ :\)*S.‬‬
‫א‪
(.‬אא 
{‪
Se‬א‪p) 
.‬א‪8‬وא‪.
J.‬وא‪C3R,.‬א‪8
='
y78‬و‪.
0‬‬
‫و~‪,AS.3R‬و‪}. 
\2‬و‪78‬א‪[9l.‬وذ‪Z 
|)L.‬نא‪
;.‬مא‪A 
\9l.‬א&و‪78‬‬
‫‪Balanced elements‬وذ‪]7'&L.‬ذא
'€א=א‪()*S.‬ذא‪Z‬و‪S3J! 
"#78‬ن‬
‫‪ 
C='
y 
2‬د‪f)(.‬א 
'= 
א‪8‬وא‪.
J.‬وא‪ .3R,.‬‬
‫‬
‫‪١−٣‬א‪.‬א‪ :‬‬
‫)‪(‚X 
,‬א
'= 
א‪،*?=)O[9l.‬وذ‪.L.‬وאنא‪,d(.7']wZ.‬א‬
‫‪ ، 

0‬‬
‫و{@‪
)
J‬א‪SC,.‬نא
'=א‪
JC8‬و‪X’’d w‬و‪GH2‬א
'=‪
(.(\Z\%=C‬‬
‫א‪.,.‬وא
'=א‪
JC.
J.‬و‪w‬א
'=א‪.8‬אא ‪
%‬א‪x‬א‪3‬وא‪6JCƒ.‬م‬
‫א‪.‬אذאא‪j
%1‬א‪
)"u.‬ز ‪ 
Z،non salient generators‬א‪.‬אא‪6JCƒ.‬م{‬
‫א ‪
%‬א
‪(o‬وא‪SCƒ.‬ن‪O‬א‪.‬عذوא‪j
%1‬א‪ 
.‬ز ‪salient generators‬وא‪K(Cƒ.‬‬
‫)|‪(9Q‬א
'={†א&‪j
%‬وא‪=.‬د‪7(w‬و‪(HQ…C‬א
'=א‪
*'„).
J.‬‬
‫‪ 
*(‡0‬و‪{\2‬א‪SCU.
u.‬ن‪O9(\Z‬א
'=א‪ .8‬‬
‫و‪Zk@93‬نא‪
(.‬א‪\=) 
.‬א‪U.
J.‬א 
{א^‪ˆK‬א‪€)
l.‬ذ‪G
c]w‬دوאن‪ JS‬و‪.3L.H.‬‬
‫‪{
(C‬א^‪ˆK‬א‪.‬وא)‪v‬دد =‚‪C‬ددא‪
(.‬א 
{א^‪ˆK‬א‪=' 
.J.
) 
Z.€)
l.‬א‪3R,.‬‬
‫!(* 
‪OAZ‬א
'=א‪8‬وא
'=א‪ ..
J.‬‬
‫‬
‫‪٢−٣‬א ‪ :1‬‬
‫א
'=א‪8‬وא
'=א‪
J1-..
J.‬و‪ 
3‬ن‪ 
Z.‬א
'=א‪
JC!3R,.‬و‪Z 
*3‬ول‬
‫‪AS‰. 
4AC‬א‪.‬א‪o‬א‪-.J(4 
u‬لو'‪،shell or core type 7‬و‪(٢)ASeŠ 3‬‬
‫א‪.‬א‪o‬א‪3R,.‬وא‪.‬א‪o‬א‪1-.8‬ذא‪fR‬وذא‪ .
R[9‬‬
‫‬
‫‪%Q٣−٣‬طא‪w.‬א‪ :()*S.‬‬
‫א
'=א‪8‬وא‪
J.
J.‬و‪ 
3‬ن‪%T‬طא‪ 
Z،w.‬א
'=א‪\Z
*(!3R,.‬و‪\2‬‬
‫‪
='
y\=C‬א‪
J‬אא‪
*)ƒ.‬א‪
(.‬אא‪Al3R,.‬א&ضو‪.
2"#‬و‪@ŽC\2‬א‪\.‬‬
‫‪(٣,٥‬א
'=א‪ .8‬‬

‫‪٣‬‬

(٧) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ 
:p) 
.‫ 
א‬Se−٤ 

Jp) 
. 
[9l.‫نא‬SC،A%=.‫א‬.
@V] 
‫א‬.
x‫א‬O\)*S.‫;
مא‬.‫و)
'
لא‬  

0[9 
2‫ن‬SC‫ن‬ZU‘L.H..=.‫)=?* 
א‬pA
RC1‫"= )=?* 
(و‬#) 
.wu,.‫א‬p) 
.l. 
‫و‬U.
J.wQZ‫و‬U8.@‫وא‬:p) 
.[9l.‫' 
א‬S‫א‬A,R.
S‰. 

’- ‫ن‬S3‫و‬w.‫;
مא‬.‫=
دل‬.‫‡א‬Q‫وא@و‬78.‫ن‬SCp) 
.‫ 
א‬S‰. 
0.‫א‬GH2‫و‬ 
. ?3 ‫;
م‬. 1
l f3 (٣) AS‰.‫ و א‬.0‫א‬.‫€ א‬B S‰. 
'S‫אˆ א‬K8Z A
*( 
.(٦)V](٤)‫
ل‬Se&
)- 3(.‫ 
א‬0.‫وא‬.\)*‡Q‫و†لو‬  

(٢)ASe 

Generator

Generator

Line
S
R
X
X

1GR

X
X

X

TR1

1TL

= X

2TL

X
X

X 0TL

2GR

TR2

1GS

X
X

0GR

٤

2GS
0GS

(٧) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ 
(٣)ASe 

VanS

VanR

X

X

1GR

TR1

X

1TL

X

X

TR2

1GS

Neutral N1

(٤)ASe  

X

2GR

X

TR1 

X

2TL

X

TR2

X

2GS

Neutral N2 

(٥)ASe 

X 

0GR

X

TR1

X

0TL

X

TR2

Open

X

0GS

Neutral N0  

(٦)ASe   

’.
u!L.‫ذ‬O#.‫‡א=
دلو א‬T‫א‬V]‡QwZO
*-( COSy'K‫وא&”
لא‬ 
‫نא&”
ل‬Z
,Q
)‫و‬."u~
2"„C‫ن‬S3‫;
م‬.‫
'=א‬q' 

)7'&'K‫א&”
لא‬A*C 
.‫
ل‬%&‫( 
אא‬C( !‫"’א‬l…C1
’
*S.‫
) 
و‬Jx‫=א‬C'K‫א‬ 

!9Q1‫א‬pOS.‫و‬8‫
)=(א‬.‫א‬S‰.)
%‫ن‬S0.
J.‫
)=(א‬.‫א‬S‰.‫نא‬Zk@93‫و‬ 
:(. 
.‫א‬ 
‡!U8p) 
C.C‫א‬K‫א‬1•‫א&نא‬..‫*د‬8 
2‫ن‬S31 −١

٥

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٧‬‬

‫‪ −٢‬א‪
R‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪1–..
J.‬א‪K‬א‪O‚X
q‬א‪8‬‬
‫‪ 
78)OS.‬مو)=‪vR(0
)
J-..‬ض‪Z‬ن‪SC‬ن‪
JX1‬و‪ .X2.3‬‬
‫وא‪S‰.‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪O
’
R—(٦ASe)3R,.‬א‪8‬وא‪1.
J.‬نא‪.‬א‪,
gd(.‬‬
‫‪ .wR~*8‬‬
‫?’ 
‪9(~C‬א ‪U%C1‬א 
א‪~
Q‬وא
'= 
א& (‘‪ZU‬ن‪ !HQ…C‬א‪ 
1‬‬
‫و‪’ 3Z‬‬
‫وא‪Š 3(٢)AS‰.‬א‪.‬وא‪o‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪'&3R,.‬אع=د‪O‬א ‪ .1‬‬
‫و
د‪ 
˜1‬ج‪0.‬א‪
;.‬مذ‪w‬א‪%Q[9l.‬ط‪3-.‬א‪S‰.‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪]1]،3R,.‬ذא
ن‪"#‬‬
‫=و‪
30‡Q‬نא‪
(.‬אא‪S(J!3R,.‬ن‪0‬א‪
;.‬مذ‪w‬א‪%Q[9l.‬ط*’ 
‪ .‬‬
‫و‪H2O‬אא‪0.‬א‪\9l.‬א&و‪
;.78‬مא‪-3\)*S.‬د]ذא 

ن‪
(C 
2‬א‪
J‬و‪3‬و! '‪dR‬‬
‫א™‪ZG
c‬و‪A !1‬א‪1‬و‪78‬א‪[9l.‬و‘‪ZU‬ن‪dS=C‬א‪S‰.‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪@
J3R,.‬א‪
(.‬‬
‫א‪\=) 
.‬א‪.wR,.‬و‪ZŠ 3(٣)ASe‡(J.‬نא‪.‬אš‪ .e 

*?3 
C‬‬
‫‬
‫‪9(~C−٥‬א‪.
@ !
S‰.‬א&‪
%‬ل‪ :‬‬
‫‪03‬א‪.‬א‪o‬א‪›!
S‬א‪
@1‬د‪
;)3‬مא‪
(.‬سא@) ‪Al(.(Per unit‬وא@‪O‬א‪[9l.‬‬
‫א&و‪
;.78‬مא‪w.‬א 
‪A‬و‪.p) 
C
Se[97.8C‬و{@
‪.‬و‪8‬د‪%'f)='
y‬‬
‫א‪
=.‬دل‪=.‬א‪()*S.‬وא&ض‘‪ZU‬ن‪3I0
(C_(٧)ASe !f2 
7'&٣ !j?C‬‬
‫‪9Q‬ل) ‪{_ 
()(R‬א‪.‬א‪o‬א‪  .‡!I03R,.‬‬
‫وא
'= 
א‪.(=) 
.‬א‪o‬א‪›!
S‬א‪
@1‬د‪)Zo,Z2,Z13‬و(’ 

J‬و‪(Xo,X2,X1.3‬وא ‪-‬‬
‫! א&‪
Se‬لא‪ 
.‬د‪\2‬א
'=א‪f)(S.‬א‪U(?.‬א=
دلو‪
S‬نא‪A%=.‬א د‪ .‬‬
‫و)
ˆ’א مو‪8‬د”‪vR(0A‬ض‪Z‬ن‪A‬א^*دא‪
J.‬و‪{3‬א‪(.‬و‪dR'
g‬א‪K.‬אو‪.3‬‬
‫و!( 
‪\3‬א&'אعא‪
%}.R6‬ل‪ :‬‬
‫א‪\9,.‬א&و‪&:78‬نא‪,.‬ذوא&و‪7*8‬א‪S3[9l.‬ن‪6018
@839!
'K‬אمא 

‫א 
! ‪GH2‬א‪
)
Jx‬و‪1‬نא‪S‰.‬א‪(=) 
.‬א‪Al8‬א‪
;.‬مא‪OS(!\)*S.‬א‪60‬אم‬
‫א‪A(l.(٨)ASe 
S‰.‬א‪ .,.‬‬
‫‪,‬و‪&
)78‬ض‪Hg:‬אא‪.‬ع‪O‬א‪A~C,.‬א‪ 
Se[9l.‬א‪.‬א‪{ 
\.‬א‪ .(٩)AS‰.‬‬
‫‪,‬و‪
*8‬ن)
&ض‪H2Š 3(١٠)ASe:‬אא‪,.‬و‪7C
Se‬א‪ .(=) 
.‬‬
‫‪,‬و‪
*8‬ن‪H2Š 3(١١)ASe:‬אא‪,.‬و‪7C
Se‬א‪ .(=) 
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(٧) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

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(٧) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

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