‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫א
‪:‬‬

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٩‬‬

‫‪ ٩‬‬

‫אنא
‪:‬א  
אوא 
אא 
)א ('
& 
وא‪"$%‬وא ‪(
"#‬‬
‫ ‬

‫‬
‫‪ %−١‬‬

‫‪781 
9
2‬א  
א 
‪6‬א‪5%‬א‪ 
1234‬نא 
‪ 
./0‬لא ‪+,‬‬
‫‪=>?Relays‬ن<‪4‬ن‪3‬א‪;%‬א( 
‪ :‬و‪31‬א‪ 
&
@A‬وא‪"$%‬وא ‪ 
"#‬א 

‫א‪ 
(
& 
;5(IJ‬وא‪3H‬א‪F;1G& 
@A‬و‪E‬א‪ 
$‬لو&‪CD‬אدوא‬
‫א ‪Q(R<3‬م‪;1‬א(‪
%"$‬وא(‪:
O‬وא‪L3M=
"(N‬א 
و‪6K‬א ‪ .+,‬‬
‫‬
‫‪−٢‬א ('‪ Phasors
3‬‬
‫א ('‪&W‬د‪Q(R>#‬م(‪:VU‬א‪ 
U4‬א ([‪.XM;O:4Y/Z‬و‪6K;1‬‬
‫א ‪Q(R<+,‬مא ('‪U_</
3‬א ‪+,‬و‪:U‬א(‪:O‬א‪:
4‬دא^‪\ 
]=
3‬א‪
$‬ل‪.‬‬
‫وאא ('‪=>?Phasor diagramG3‬ن<_
‪W",‬אא^א‪8A8
3VbJ‬ذא‪`K
#‬אא^‬
‫وא ‪.
c
dO‬وאא ('‪e:#f G3‬א‪U%‬وא‪L‬وא 
א‪:4"R‬א( 
אو‪1‬قא‪3H‬‬
‫‪
U2‬אא^< ‪e# 
=h%1f‬وא@
‪C‬و‪"$‬א( 
אو‪1‬قא‪3H‬و&‪D‬אאق?>=ن‪4‬ن‬
‫وא ‪>m=/WK
cO‬א‪ 
,‬ن‪=hNkl‬و"‪i
U,j‬אא‪G&
@9‬وאא^=و‬
‫(‪ED,‬אא^‪.
c
d‬و&
‪(6Kn‬و‪e‬א ('‪
3‬وא‪
6‬مא‪
U1W (5D‬‬
‫‪&2‬א‪G_6
cYV#‬א ‪ .+,‬‬
‫‬
‫‪١−٢‬אزא‪2o
p‬אא^( 
‪ :‬‬
‫(‪:Vd‬א( 
=وא‪0(%$2r‬אو‪:VdG&G‬א( 
‪,3R2‬א‪;C 
@A‬אא^‬
‫א‪.(١):4Y،234‬وא‪%$‬א‪:Vd
31(K
V‬א( 
‪2‬ز]
^<‪et‬א‪E$‬א‪5D‬‬
‫"=א( 
‪78W#u
2‬א‪E$‬א‪
V)W8G3(5D‬ل‪ .(٢):4Y،(Iab‬‬
‫‪2‬‬

‫‪I‬‬
‫‪c‬‬

‫‪d‬‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫‪b‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫‪I‬‬

‫‪f‬‬

‫‪I‬‬
‫‪a‬‬

‫‪e‬‬
‫‪V‬‬
‫‪1‬‬

‫‪+‬‬

‫‪ (١):4Y‬‬
‫‬
‫‪١‬‬

‫‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫‪cd‬‬

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٩‬‬
‫‪I‬‬
‫‪c‬‬

‫‪d‬‬

‫‪ab‬‬
‫‪b‬‬

‫‪ef‬‬

‫‪I‬‬

‫‪f‬‬

‫‪I‬‬
‫‪a‬‬

‫‪e‬‬
‫‪V = V‬‬
‫‪cd‬‬
‫‪ef‬‬

‫‪ (٢):4Y‬‬

‫‬

‫‬
‫‪٢−٢‬אزא‪3H
2o
p‬א ‪v‬دد ‬
‫(‪"$: Vd‬א‪
3K(+) +1
8G&
U&,=0(%$23H‬א‪3R‬א ‪:VU‬قא‪3H‬‬
‫وא‪et<J‬א‪$%‬א;‪3M‬وא‪%$‬א‪K
V‬א(‪Q‬אمزو‪ 
V‬ل‪et<(Vab):‬‬
‫‪1‬قא‪beG=ax,(a&b)e3M023H‬وאزא(;(א(‪Q‬א‪ −:G<y
#
3‬‬
‫•‬

‫‪.‬‬
‫א‪Q(R(V)L‬م("‪eZ‬א‪3H‬א‪،G234‬و(א(‪Q‬א‪1eZ"(W‬ق‪ 3M‬‬
‫و(א(‪Q‬אم)‪:VU((E‬א‪3H‬א ‪Q(R
U#.‬مא‪r2/U L‬אول‪ .‬‬

‫•‬

‫א(‪Q‬אم)‪
3K(+‬א‪;3R‬אא^א‪et234‬א‪E$‬א ‪C3M>M‬‬
‫‪E$"R
2‬א‪z_K;1Ny‬אوאא‪.,‬‬

‫•‬

‫و‪%|;1‬אزא‪= 
(GR‬و‪1‬قא‪et3H‬א‪C 
@A‬א‪=G%%u‬وא ‪v‬ض‬
‫‪ 
}+‬ض‪;1‬א‪4 
3H‬نא‪z_K;13H‬אوא ‪.>M‬و‪ 
V‬ل‪1‬قא‪3H‬‬
‫‪02‬א‪=Eab W(2
(#e4ba,b01$‬و‪ Vab‬وא‪43H‬ن‪=
,;1>M‬ن‪4‬ن‪3M‬‬
‫א‪3MeG=(a)E$‬א‪E$‬א‪z_K;1(b)Ny‬א ‪WM‬א ‪v‬ددא ‪،>M‬و‪+N‬ل‬
‫א_‪z‬א‪j4WMU>
R‬א ~‪.‬‬

‫‬
‫‬
‫‬
‫‪٣−٢‬زא ('‪ :
3‬‬
‫‪;1‬א"א?>=ن<‪:#>R‬א ('‪.`2
]
|878
3‬و=‪K=V#‬אعא
و‪4(
cY‬ن‪€e‬‬
‫א‪  
U4‬א‪ (X) %%u‬و€ א‪  
U4‬א(‪ .(٣) :4‚
2 0" &
U# (Y) Q‬و&‪D‬אن א אن‬
‫]

(2‬ن ‪ /‬א ‪ nO(<
U2 5(R‬א ('‪) W"M  
O :Vd
3K 
3‬א@
‪ C‬אوאن א ‪& >M‬‬
‫‪j4‬א@
‪C‬دوאن‪ƒ
%‬א‪(
R‬و;&‪D‬א‪4‬نو ~א ('‪6u5= 
(„W‬ز‪.‬و|ل‬
‫א ('‪ Max valueWUt#=~> 
(3‬و‪D&
$%R‬אא ('‪;W‬א ‪e‬א‪G%%u‬وא(‪GQ‬‬

‫‪٢‬‬

(٩) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ 

R.M.S  
‫א‬U%
2W'( ‫א‬:Vb‫=ن‬e4b‫و‬.6O‫א‬CD&Q(‫وא‬%%u‫"(
نא‬# ‫א‬+Vd 
−:G<y
#(٣):4Y;1(=)$%‫א‬:Vde4b‫و‬.
c"
m‫م‬Q(R<;(‫وא‬ 
 Phasor form 
 

Polar form 

"$%‫ א_[א‬ 

Complex form  

"# ‫ א_[א‬

Exponential form 

y‫ א_[א‬

Point P

o Abscissa

Y 

&
@A‫ א_[א‬

90o
c
Phase
Rotation
O

b Ordinate

o
90

O

X 

&
@A‫א‬UR<‫(و‬2
V‫א
وא‬:(٣):4Y  

ƒ…‫نא‬K 
١−٣−٢ 

‫אو‬L‫وא‬03'(U%$ ‫א‬%‫ ƒא‬:o
,e
"G&G&
@A‫…ƒא‬%$ ‫א‬U%‫א‬ 
.
U3:4 
‫وא‬L‫†~א‬:o
,G& 
UR%‫نא‬K 
٢−٣−٢ 
‡|:o
,G&‫אو‬L‫وא‬03'(U%$ ‫א‬U%‫א‬UR:o
,G&UR%%$ ‫א‬U%‫א‬ 
.
U3:4 
‫وא‬L‫א‬  

Vector diagramG&
@A‫אא‬٤−٢ 
‫(א‬٥):4Y;1
U2(٤):4Y;10"&
U#:o‫א‬$%Ke 
+$K‫ 
א‬3'( ‫<א‬ 
(‫و‬.G‫;א(א‬:o((abcd)
(( ‫
طא‬%‫א‬3M‫"
ن‬W(,‫زא‬8‹3'G&
@A‫א‬
(a,b,c) Or (A,B,C) :(3 phase)O( ‫ 
א‬A‫א‬/WM‫אو‬G]+]‫
م‬6‫ 
א‬3'(UR< 

(g)L‫א (
دوא‬$%(n)L‫(وא‬r,s,t)GUR<ŒN‫אولא‬r2;1‫و‬،Or (1,2,3)

٣

(٩) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ 

5‫
و‬RA323H‫قא‬1‫و‬.z(„3:4x,‫
ن‬%(A 
_2&‫Žضو‬ 
.+,UG Ž3H‫قא‬1/36<(Rg) ‫
وא‬% ‫وא‬. 
_2o 

a

R

b

XL

c

d

I

Circuit Diagram

Xd

V
bc

Phasor
Rotation

I

V
ab

O  

7‫;א(א‬o(zV4−: 
–‫
وم‬%) 
‫א‬o 
‡( ‫א@
&;عא‬:(٤):4Y 

V
oc

V
od 

O

I

V
bc
V
cd

V
ob 

(٤):4Y;1^‫ 
א [א‬3'( ‫(א‬٥):4Y  

3'( ‫ودوאنא‬WM‫ دوאنאو‬٥−٢
Phase rotation(phase sequence) vs. phasor rotation 
G_:_< 
2
(( 

3'(;$5D‫<>א‬v‫&א‬WM‫~אو‬2
(<‫=و‬WM‫دوאنאو‬ 
WM‫و‬A‫~א‬2 
(<‫و‬.
R‫ 
ƒא‬%j4C
@‫א‬/&G 
z(23'( ‫ودوאنא‬،"MU 
‫دوאن‬WM‫ 
 
=و‬%‫א‬+, ‫א‬:#‫و‬.(2
]$%2 
3'( ‫א‬W1d5D‫<>א‬v‫&א‬ 
:o(‫א‬Z[(‘‫وذ‬N=G8‫دوאن‬eZ[(‫=ن‬e4U ‫א‬e:o(‫(وא‬a,b,c,)k+V‫
وא‬OU 
.(b,c)02

٤

(٩) ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ‬

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ 
:+, ‫دوא^א‬/"$%‫א‬−٣ 
A ‫"א‬$١−٣ 

2"$%L‫و‬.‡ 
|‫ن†~=و‬4<‫و‬3H‫€لא( 
وא‬e:4"$%‫(א‬٧‫و‬٦)+4Yf  
+:Ul5D‫א‬E$‫ 
جא‬N 
(‫•وא‬,+‫و‬.(٧‫و‬٦)G4Y/
U#‫~אد‬2
2‫=و‬X  

(‫لא‬N‫د‬C 
@‫א‬jK;1‫ن‬4‫=ن‬5‫א…و‬e‫لو‬OU5K
V‫א‬z ‫"א‬$%‫א‬ 
.G‫אو‬z ‫"א‬$%‫א‬L:UIJ‫א‬, 
‫א‬ 
7‫אو‬z ‫;א‬1"$%‫א‬:UIAJ‫א‬+‫א‬78"$%‫א‬:UIJ‫א‬+‫א‬e3H‫قא‬1 
78"$%‫א‬:UIJ‫א‬$%‫א‬e3H‫قא‬1C
@‫א‬jK;1‫ن‬4‫=ن‬5‫א…و‬e‫ل‬OU 
jK;1
K4‫=ن‬5‫א…و‬e)Z"<‫و‬5K
V‫א‬z ‫"א‬$%‫א‬+:UlA5D‫א‬E$‫א‬ 
.$‫;زאوא‬1Z[o–$—fUR(C
@A‫א‬ 

+
I

+

p

I
s

V
s

V
p
Primary

Secondary

+
I
p

Secondary
V
p

V
s
I

Primary

s

+  

AOU^‫"وאא‬$%‫(א‬٦):4Y

I

I

p

p

+
I 

V
s
Linear Coupler

s

Current Transformer 

٥

‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺒﺤﻭﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺭﻗﻡ )‪(٩‬‬

‫‪(٧):4Y‬א‪"$%‬وאא^(‪ Œ%<:VU‬ل< 
و€ل<‪ ;$N:o‬‬

‫‪٦‬‬

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