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MICkCS1kI A1Cn MICkCS1kI A1Cn

AN1LNNA AN1LNNA
ln communlcaLlon ln communlcaLlon neLworklngu8u neLworklngu8u mlcrosLrlp mlcrosLrlp paLch anLennas have a paLch anLennas have a
greaL demand greaL demand
1hey are capable of malnLalnlng hlgh performance over a large specLrum 1hey are capable of malnLalnlng hlgh performance over a large specLrum
of frequencles of frequencles
Low Low cosLmlnlmal cosLmlnlmal welghL and compacL low proflle anLennas welghL and compacL low proflle anLennas
SulLable for appllcaLlons ln wlreless communlcaLlon sysLem LhaL demand SulLable for appllcaLlons ln wlreless communlcaLlon sysLem LhaL demand
frequency reuse and polarlzaLlon dlverslLy frequency reuse and polarlzaLlon dlverslLy
ln18CuuC1lCn ln18CuuC1lCn
eneral SLrucLure of u8u eneral SLrucLure of u8u MlcrosLrlp MlcrosLrlp
aLch AnLenna aLch AnLenna
or a recLangular paLch Lhe lengLh or a recLangular paLch Lhe lengLh HH of Lhe paLch ls usually ln Lhe range of of Lhe paLch ls usually ln Lhe range of
03333 03333 0 0 HH 03 03 0 where 0 where 0 ls Lhe free space wavelengLh 0 ls Lhe free space wavelengLh
1he helghL h of Lhe subsLraLe ls usually 0003 1he helghL h of Lhe subsLraLe ls usually 0003 0 h 003 0 h 003 0 0
1he Lhlckness of Lhe 1he Lhlckness of Lhe pachL pachL should be less Lhan should be less Lhan 0 0
ulelecLrlc consLanL( ulelecLrlc consLanL(JJ % 22 % 22 JJ 12 12
8equlremenLs of AnLenna 8equlremenLs of AnLenna
1he anLenna can be deslgn wlLh embedded spur llnes and reacLlve 1he anLenna can be deslgn wlLh embedded spur llnes and reacLlve
loadlngs loadlngs
1he deslgned anLenna can be operaLed aL Lwo frequency bands 1he deslgned anLenna can be operaLed aL Lwo frequency bands
A cross sloL of unequal lengLh has been A cross sloL of unequal lengLh has been
lnserLed ln Lhe paLch lnserLed ln Lhe paLch
1hls shlfLs cenLre frequency of Lwo bands 1hls shlfLs cenLre frequency of Lwo bands
AL a parLlcular frequency polarlzaLlon AL a parLlcular frequency polarlzaLlon
can be obLalned can be obLalned
ueslgn for uual band uual olarlzaLlon
1here are four feed Lechnlques 1here are four feed Lechnlques
MlcrosLrlp MlcrosLrlp llne feed llne feed
Coaxlal feed Coaxlal feed
AperLure coupled feed AperLure coupled feed
roxlmlLy coupled feed roxlmlLy coupled feed
eed 1echnlques
1MlcrosLrlp llne feed
ln ln Lhlsa Lhlsa conducLlng sLrlp ls connecLed conducLlng sLrlp ls connecLed
Lo Lhe edge of Lhe paLch Lo Lhe edge of Lhe paLch
2Coaxlal feed
A co A co axlal connecLor exLends Lhrough axlal connecLor exLends Lhrough
Lhe Lhe dlelecLrlcwhlch dlelecLrlcwhlch ls soldered Lo paLch ls soldered Lo paLch
1he feed can be placed aL any deslred 1he feed can be placed aL any deslred
poslLlon lnslde Lhe paLch poslLlon lnslde Lhe paLch
lL provldes only narrow 8W lL provldes only narrow 8W
3AperLure coupled feed
1he radlaLlng paLch ls eLched on 1he radlaLlng paLch ls eLched on
Lhe Lop of Lhe subsLraLe Lhe Lop of Lhe subsLraLe
eed llne ls eLched aL Lhe boLLom eed llne ls eLched aL Lhe boLLom
of Lhe feed subsLraLe of Lhe feed subsLraLe
Coupllng beLween paLch and feed Coupllng beLween paLch and feed
llne ls made by an aperLure ln Lhe llne ls made by an aperLure ln Lhe
ground plane ground plane
roxlmlLy coupled feed
1wo dlelecLrlc subsLraLes are used 1wo dlelecLrlc subsLraLes are used
lL avolds spurlous feed radlaLlon lL avolds spurlous feed radlaLlon
Plgh 8W Plgh 8W
Comparlson of dlfferenL feed
Lechnlques
MeLhods of analysls
1ransmlsslon llne mode CavlLy mode 1ransmlsslon llne mode CavlLy mode
a% a% 8adlaLlon 8adlaLlon aLLern aLLern
b% b% aln aln
c% c% ulrecLlvlLy ulrecLlvlLy
d% d% 8andwldLh 8andwldLh
e% e% 8eLurn 8eLurn loss loss
f% f% ISW8 ISW8
AnLenna parameLers
AdvanLages
LlghL welghL and low fabrlcaLlon cosL LlghL welghL and low fabrlcaLlon cosL
SupporLs boLh llnear as well as clrcular polarlzaLlon SupporLs boLh llnear as well as clrcular polarlzaLlon
Can be easlly lnLegraLed wlLh mlcrowave lnLegraLed clrculLs Can be easlly lnLegraLed wlLh mlcrowave lnLegraLed clrculLs
Capable of dual and Lrlple frequency operaLlons Capable of dual and Lrlple frequency operaLlons
Mechanlcally robusL when mounLed on rlgld surfaces Mechanlcally robusL when mounLed on rlgld surfaces
ulsadvanLages
LxLraneous radlaLlon from feeds and [uncLlons LxLraneous radlaLlon from feeds and [uncLlons
Surface wave exclLaLlon Surface wave exclLaLlon
AppllcaLlons
1he LelemeLry communlcaLlon anLennas on mlsslles need Lo be Lhln 1he LelemeLry communlcaLlon anLennas on mlsslles need Lo be Lhln
and conformal and are ofLen and conformal and are ofLen MlcrosLrlp MlcrosLrlp paLch anLennas paLch anLennas
1hey are exLremely compaLlble for embedded anLennas ln handheld 1hey are exLremely compaLlble for embedded anLennas ln handheld
wlreless devlces such as cellular phones wlreless devlces such as cellular phones
AnLennas are usually employed for radlo and Lelevlslon broadcasLlng Lo AnLennas are usually employed for radlo and Lelevlslon broadcasLlng Lo
Lhe large parabollc reflecLors used Lo recelve saLelllLe slgnals and Lhe Lhe large parabollc reflecLors used Lo recelve saLelllLe slgnals and Lhe
radlo waves generaLed by dlsLanL asLronomlcal ob[ecLs radlo waves generaLed by dlsLanL asLronomlcal ob[ecLs
MMlcrosLrlp lcrosLrlp anLenna belng appllcable Lo many mlllLary and commerclal anLenna belng appllcable Lo many mlllLary and commerclal
devlces such as use on alrcrafL or space anLennas devlces such as use on alrcrafL or space anLennas