MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING

QA/QC Section: Method Statement

MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE and TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITERING

Document Section Page Amendment Date

: Mass Foundation Concrete & Temporary Control Monitoring : QA/QC Department : 20 :0 : 06/02/2007

Types of Document

Controlled Document Document No. Uncontrolled Document ITD-MS-022

0

06/12/07 For Approval

TK:

BN:

Revision

Date

Description of Status

Prepared by Approved by

Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited

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MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING

QA/QC Section: Method Statement

Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. Purposes Scope of Work Safety Policy Work Method 4.1 Work Preparation 4.2 Work Procedure 4.3 Test and Monitoring of the Concrete Mass after Pouring 5. Outline of Sequence

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Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited

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temporary access and related activities which are required to undertake during a certain period. a temperature differential between the interior of the concrete and any outside face will not exceed 20 C . This method statement describes the work procedures to be carried out during an execution stage of mass foundations/structures of which the character of the concrete is technically specified as a structure with large dimensions simply figured of greater than 1. Specification for Concrete Works e. the method to control and prevent the concrete cold joint being introduced during concrete placing and a proper curing to maintain . The method statement also includes details of temperature difference control procedure and all necessary temporary works such as curing method by thermal quilts.g. 2.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 1.) PURPOSES This method statement has been prepared to provide a general guide. special considerations to be given in relation to the heat of hydration for concrete pours. and all incidentals necessary to complete the entire works. In this case the cracks & temporary control is required both during the concrete mix control at concrete batching plant prior to concreting and its monitoring after the concrete is placed in order that the requirements stated in the Engineering Standard. precaution barricade. heat on the surface of the concrete is easily released toward the ambient whereas the center remains its high temperatures .) SCOPE OF WORK This method statement includes e.control temperature difference not to exceed the specified tolerance stated in the Engineering Standard . Specification for Concrete Works of which the method of monitoring will be included . Special care and planning is required as the volume of pour is large in relation to those normally being place on Site.g. this follows that the temperature difference will induce the internal restraint and subsequently introduce thermal contraction cracks. can be maintained ( Basically . concrete batching plant control including supply and delivery to Site. casting sequence .50 meters for all dimensions. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 3 .

) SAFETY POLICY One of the main aspects of this procedure is Safety and Health Control. Wearing of the basic PPE will be enforced fully. Personal Protective Equipment: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will be issued to all workers such as safety shoes. safety goggles (if required) and safety harness for workers who will be assigned in elevated places 1. chain blocks crane hook and latch shall be inspected periodically.6 meter and above. hardhat. Only authorized drivers or operators will be allowed to operate machineries or equipment. the following safety measures will be implemented as follows: Machinery and Equipment: Prior to using any machinery’s/equipment at site.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 3. it will be inspected and certified by qualified person. earplug. This is to control occurrence of injuries as well as damage to equipment and properties during the entire execution period. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 4 . shackles. working gloves. All operators and drivers are to be equipped with valid driver’s/operator’s license or permit from concerned government agency. Only authorized signalman will be assigned together with the operator or driver. nylon sling. All lifting equipment as well as its accessories such as sling wire. Periodic Preventive Maintenance will be made on all equipment and machineries. All new recruits will undergo proper orientation and safety induction before they could be deployed at site for work. In order to ensure a safe working environment during the entire execution period.

pump mix): use of ice as part of mixing water is effective in reducing concrete temperature. because on melting alone. This will be done at least 2 hours in advance prior to mixing of concrete. The method of concrete temperature control will be proposed into 2 options as follows: (a). Spray cool water for every 30 minutes to the course aggregate stock. This method defines lists of possible unfavorable effects and prevents practices intended to minimize them.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 4. (2). When these factors are explained to the relevant persons engaged to these activities therefore measures will be taken to eliminate or minimize undesirable effects that possibly introduced. cylinder. In addition the method of temperature difference for the selected points will be discussed. prevention to cold joint being introduced during concrete placing and temperature differential control by thermal quilts curing method etc. Specification for Concrete Works. to absorb heat.) WORK METHOD 4. Add ice into the water for mixing of concrete to reduce the water temperature. The ice will be added until 8-10 Celsius Degree for water temperature is reached.) General: With a large concrete pour of this magnitude it is essential that proper pre-construction planning methods and safety checks be in place prior to execution of the works. transportation time and curing technique. prepared prior to the work begin. The sequence is as follows: (1). • Concrete Mix Control: It is a preparation against the possible effect to the concrete properties and construction operations. The amount of ice added to the water is dependent on the air temperature at the certain mixing day. consideration of concrete temperature as placed. In this case there is no change in the previous design mix but it may encounter a difficulty to control the temperature differential between such selected points within the concrete mass to be within the specified figure stated in the Engineering Standard. casting sequence .1 Works Preparation a. using the same previous mix (300 ksc. Among these practices are such important measures as a pre-cooling ingredient. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 5 . A mass pour is considered to be demanded a special attention to be given to logistical and technical considerations such as concrete supply.

In addition. dust and dirt. (6) At the Site. The proper access must be Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 6 . At Site all existing facilities. trail mix will be done prior to use. Planning: A pre-concreting meeting will be held internally and with concrete supplier to finalize agreement of the proposed concreting procedure. check and submit verified construction drawings of excavation areas to be attached as addition to this method statement distribute & details to all concerned parties as required. (4). Works should start confirmation of the permission and the handing over area of the work. which are within the construction site radius considered to obstruct any work activities.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement (3). (b). Using Low Heat Concrete (Recommended): mix design for low heat concrete mix (300 ksc. upon a delivery of the concrete the fresh concrete will be re-measured whether the temperature is still within the specified tolerance. (5) The above process (4) will be regularly done during the entire period of supply to ensure that the same degree of temperature always be maintained. Access: Designated site access routes for concrete supply will be prepared and traffic control measures implemented. Enclose the site construction area to control material equipment as well as to avoid any incident/ accident from/to others. pump mix) will be submitted for approval prior to use. Spray cool water to the trucks mixers to reduce the temperature of the trucks mixers. At the batching. • Concrete Delivering: since the temperature rise can be increased with a passage of time thus the period between mixing and delivery will be kept to an absolute minimum. cylinder. will be removed or be provided with protection against damage. The water temperature will be continued to reduce until the concrete temperature is lower than 33 Celsius Degree prior to the delivering to Site. the first batch of the concrete shall be checked its temperature. Attention will be given to coordinating and dispatching of the mixing trucks with the rate of placement to avoid delays in delivery. Prepare.

b.60x1. steel panels). Plant and Labor: A detailed equipment and manpower resources schedule will be prepared to ensure sufficient workforce in each pour. scheduled bars will be checked for discrepancies. Quality Control: Sufficient quality control measures will be set up in place for checking concrete supply and deliveries throughout the duration of the pour. Pouring: Concrete will be placed in a predetermined layering sequence to avoid any possibility of cold joint formation within the foundation. For this reason. and include all necessary support bracings and fixings.g. adequate back-up and standby facilities in all aspects will be provided. construction design drawings. In addition to minimize temperature differentials occurred within the concrete mass during pour. 0.) Rebar: Rebar will be supplied and fixed in accordance with the latest Rebar will be cut and bent at the designated yard close to the work site in accordance with the latest bar bending schedules. The scaffolding access erected will be in compliance with BS Standard.20m. c. steel props etc.) Formwork: ITD will provide sufficient forms and suitable access platforms to execute the work for the entire pouring stage. Approved form release agent will be applied to the steel surface sheathing prior to lifting-in and erection of the clean forms this is to avoid the concrete stuck the forms that may introduce unfair face of concrete when the form is to be dismantled.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement organized to enable a continuous transportation of the concrete during the entire period of pouring so that the required temperature of concrete pour will be maintained. It is approximately the time spent in each poured layer will be not exceeded 60 minutes. Supply: Concrete batching plant capacity and numbers of delivery trucks will be planned to maintain a continuous supply of concrete so that an introducing to cold joint can be prevented. Prior to calling off reinforcement. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 7 . Contingency Measures: Large pours cannot readily be stopped due to failure in concrete supply or plant breakdown. Forms will be made of steel studs with steel plate sheathing lining the surface (e.

Rebar will be placed at a designated lay-down space and each tagged bundle will be properly segregated for easy retrieval and handling once installation of rebar starts. 2 pumps is organized for concrete pouring. rebar will be distributed either manually and/or by mobile crane directly to their final fixing location in line with the bar installation sequence. Internal-type concrete vibrators will be used for concrete compaction during concrete placing to ensure adequate vibration during the entire pouring stage. bundled and tagged for identification before transporting to the workface. In addition in case of high temperature during the pouring day is encountered the pouring is preferred to be carried out during the night time. Following identification. In case of sudden rain.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement To facilitate crane handling and avoid confusion during installation the specified cut and bent bars will be clearly grouped. the less will be at the workface for standby and will be on duty when the pouring pump is broken. plastic sheeting or canvas will be used to cover the concrete slab surface yet to set during concrete pouring. form panels. embedded items and construction joints will be carried out before concrete pouring. Three (3) concrete pumps will be engaged for concrete pouring e. The concrete pump arrangement will be prior arrangement for their highest efficiency when the concrete placement is to be carried. d. The plastic sheets will be provided sufficiently both for emergency case of sudden rain and for fully cover the whole concrete surface immediately once the concrete is reached its initial set. concrete pouring will only be executed during dry weather to avoid the possibility of stoppage due to rain.g. Pre-pour inspection of the rebar.) Concrete: Due to one-go casting of each raft foundations /structures the Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 8 .

In case of deep excavation the slope will be made to steps to achieve the highest stability. The water contained in the sump pit can be pumped out by means operation of the Submersible Pumps at the bottom of pit. therefore dewatering is considered as an important part of the entire execution. Barricade/Sign: Barricade/Sign shall be provided and maintained. To draw off water the sump pit will be made below the working level.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement The plastic sheet will be used for curing purposes.2. All reference points will be made as necessary for the entire work.2 Work Procedure 4. go up/down the working area for transportation construction resources. The outlet of the pumps will toward the u-ditch within the vicinity where location will be prior planning. workmen and safety of the public. as precautionary measures during the entire stage of construction. develop method and cross-checking all setting-out will be operations. Accessible Ramp : The accessible ramp is provided for machine/equipment Accessible Ladders/Stairs: Ladders/Stairs are to be provided and maintained sufficiently for workers go up/down the working area during the execution stage of foundation. Slope Protection: It is required that the excavation side slope will be maintained stabilized for the entire construction period of foundation.2. In case of precaution against failure of lights. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 9 . When principal lines and levels have been set out. 4. thick. Care must be taken during the entire curing (for a couple weeks) to ensure by reading its temperature by a thermocouple that the temperature at the middle of the concrete is low enough to result the difference of temperature in comparison with the surface not exceed 20 C. 4. to protect the work.) onto the whole area of plastic sheets to prevent concrete temperature loss too quick and result high temperature differential between the surface and at the middle. barricade will be equipped with suitable reflecting material.1 Survey Setting Out: The setting out will be made at the beginning stage of the work by referring to the construction drawings. temporary removal of excavated soil to stockyard area and backfilling after concreting works has been finished. This will be done immediately once the concrete is reached its stiffening time by fully cover the whole concrete surface and spread the sand (approximately 10 mm.2 Temporary Work Dewatering: As the bottom of the foundation is probably lower than water table level. Barricade shall be made surrounding the construction boundary. it would be advised to the relevant persons.

b) Cut around the pile with the grinder machine approximately 20-30 mm. At the cut off level. Excavation to be carried out for the selected entrance access. continue excavation between the piles rows until reach the require elevation in accordance with the construction drawing. The remaining soil surrounding the piles will be removed by workmen in order that the piles not to obstruct equipment working. e) Remove the remaining concrete on the rebar using the hammer and clean with fresh water. a) Measure and marking the cut off level(s) around the each piles. make an even level of the pile head be the hammer.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 4. This area is provided to stabilize of the side slope excavation during the entire execution stage.4 Pile Cut off The piles will be cut off at elevations as specified in accordance with the latest construction drawings. deep this is to control cracks not to introduce below the grinded level. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 10 . 4. Continue the same procedure for the next piles in advance.2. The sequence of the pile cut off is as follows. The excavated soil will be relocated to stock within the vicinity area for backfilling purpose in the future. f) Touch up the concrete around the piles at the cut off level. c) Chip off concrete at the ground joint and remain the reinforcing wires exposed in order to leave the upper part of pile above cut off level is stable.2. Start excavating to reach the required bottom elevation of the foundation in accordance with the latest construction drawings from one end towards the other end until the entire excavation is complete. d) Chip off the remaining concrete above the grinded level by means of hydraulic jack hammer. From the starting end. To avoid the piles damaged while equipment running on them.3 Excavation and Pile Cut off Locate the excavation boundary. The excavation between the piles rows by equipment will be done not too close to the piles to avoid a possible damage of piles. therefore the entrance access shall be provide during working inside the pile group boundary.

and marks the position of the circumference onto the foundation base lean concrete. • By holding at the center.2. • Erect the side forms onto the kicker plates. 95% of the optimum dry density. Steel panels together. steel panel connected together panel by panel at the both side by mean of bolts. • Brace the form to the excavation profile and plumb to true line and level using a plumb bob. • Continue to install the 0. • After survey check. (b).20 m. the correctness of level and alignment. a chainman at the far end rotates the tape around the center point. set out the center of the foundation then tape distance from the center to the outer perimeter edge as specified in the construction drawings. After confirming for its conformity e.5 Concreting Works : (a)Setting out: Upon a completion of piles cut off a compaction of the soil beneath the lean concrete will be carried out throughout the whole area. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 11 . the lean concrete will be poured. A surveyor will then establish the reference lines and mark for the lean concrete boundary by white chalk.g.20m. A compaction will be conducted properly to reach the requirements mentioned in the Engineering standard e. The carpenters will set the forms using a set of 100x100 mm. Formwork: • Formwork installation will commence as soon as the blinding concrete has hardened sufficiently for trafficking and setting-out points have been surveyed and checked. • Place the formwork kicker plates made of timber around the foundation outline marked on the blinding and fix down with concrete nails. A set of pegs will be located throughout the placing area to show the placing level thereafter. After QC inspection of the lean concrete base layer then construction of the foundation will follow: • Before work starts CTCIT/ITD surveyors will jointly establish baselines and TBM (Temporary Bench Mark) positions from which co-ordinates and elevations will be taken to set out the foundation works. cross-sectional area steel tube nails alongside the both edge to the earth.06x1.g. one by one onto the timber kicker plate for the complete foundation circumference.60x1. This can be done using 0.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 4. This must be presented with test reports accepted by CTCIT prior to the lean concrete placement.

• Rebar placement will follow the installation sequence detailed in the construction shop drawings and bar bending schedules. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 12 . • All the rebar will be accurately located and securely fixed in the correct position. cleanliness. • Leave open some part of the forms to provide access for the workmen during rebar and concrete placement. • For a full description of the general techniques and procedures necessary for fabricating and installing formwork refer to ITD-MS-009 General Formworks Method Statement. special support chairs and tying wire to secure reinforcement in the correct position during succeeding operations. • Throughout the fixing procedure ITD will provide all necessary control setting-out points to ensure correct location. • For a full description of the general techniques and procedures necessary for fabricating and installing reinforcement refer to ITD-MS-010 Reinforcing Steel Method Statement. fixing and cover.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement • As work proceeds ensure forms are connected tightly together and braced against displacement to prevent leakage of mortar at the joints during placement of the concrete. spacing. (c) Rebar • Rebar installation will commence simultaneously as the formwork progresses. • A mobile crane and manual workers will be used for rebar installation. • Concrete spacers will be produced to the desired cover with the same strength of concrete foundation. • After dismantling. verticality and cover is maintained during bar placement. and after erection of formwork. • Mark the concreting surface level onto the forms. • Set the remaining forms and make an opening at the bottom of the selected area to allow removal of unwanted debris. • Cover will comply with the design requirements indicated on the reinforcement drawings. • Clean the area at the final stage using air compressor and wet forms with water immediately prior to placing concrete. • Bars will be tied with tire-wire. to check quantity. • Reinforcement will be inspected by survey/ site supervision prior to. • The cover and location of rebar will be accurately controlled by using sufficient concrete spacers. the forms will be cleaned and sprayed with form-oil for re-use.

• For a full description of the general techniques and procedures necessary for placing and compacting concrete refer to ITD-MS-008 Concrete Works Method Statement (e) Concrete Supply Concrete will be as approved trial pumping mix. A minimum of 5 numbers of 50mm vibrators shall be used for compaction. Adequate back-up supply shall be available prior to calling for concrete. back-up pump. • Concrete delivery shall be in a closed interval. • It will be placed from the truck mixer via concrete pumps to maintain a minimum placing rate of 100 cu/m per hr. supply of concrete will be maintained by the nominated back-up source and back-up pump. • Concrete will be moved from the batcher to the point of deposition via concrete truck mixers.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement (d) Concrete • Final inspection with CTCIT. • The site Engineer shall ensure that safe access. To meet the demand a detailed study of the transportation times in relation to the number of trucks have been carefully calculated as follows: Batching Plants Control CPAC MAP –TA – PUT BATCHING PLANT 1 Plant capacity: 50m3/hr Time/Distance to workface: 30 minutes CPAC MAP –TA – PUT BATCHING PLANT 2 Plant capacity: 50m3/hr Time/Distance to workface: 30 minutes CPAC NIKOMKUR BATCHING PLANT 3 (EMERGENCY BACKUP SUPPLY) Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 13 . adequate vibrators and compressors are available prior to the commencement of concreting. The volume supply for raft foundation is 100 cu-m/hr (for each layer of pour) To minimize any risk of breakdown two (2) separate batching plants of 50m3/hr capacity each will be used to supply concrete. • In the event of a batcher or pump delay or breakdown.

MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement Plant capacity: 50m3/hr Time/Distance to workface: 60 minutes Transportation Control CPAC SITE BATCHING PLANT 1 (50m3/hr) Mixing and truck loading = 5 minutes Delivery to site = 30 minutes Park/pour set-up = 5 minutes Pumping = 8 minutes Return to plant= 30 minutes Min truck roundtrip time = 78 minutes One (1) truck (5m3) can therefore deliver 60/78 x 5 = 4 m3/hr Minimum number of trucks required to pump 50m3/hr = 50/4= 12. • Concrete pump max output 50m3/hr each with 28metre horizontal delivery booms. • The third (stand-by) pump will be re-located in turn to its assigned pouring position at the workface during the pouring sequence. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 14 . • Suitable pump truck standing area and concrete truck delivery area will be constructed at designated locations around the foundation. 13 trucks Total of concrete trucks required to supply 100 cu-m/hr = 26 trucks (f) Conveying • Three (3) pumps will be mobilized for the foundation pour. 13 trucks CPAC SITE BATCHING PLANT 2 (50m3/hr) Mixing and truck loading = 5 minutes Delivery to site = 30 minutes Park/pour set-up = 5 minutes Pumping = 8 minutes Return to plant= 30 minutes Min truck roundtrip time = 78 minutes One (1) truck (5m3) can therefore deliver 60/78 x 5 = 4 m3/hr Minimum number of trucks required to pump 50m3/hr = 50/4= 12.5 trucks.5 trucks. • Two pumps will be used for pouring concrete at any one time in a predetermined rotating sequence around the perimeter of the foundation.

drainage pipes and trenches etc. • Pouring concrete will begin with two (2) pumps working simultaneously together from the one end to the other end. • Thickness of pouring layers is 300mm approximately e. (h) Backfilling • Backfilling will be done in loose layers not more than 250mm in thickness. • The two pumps are set up in designated pouring locations around the perimeter of the foundation and rotated in a predetermined sequence as the pour progresses.g. • Concrete lifetime between succeeding layers shall not exceed 120 minutes therefore not taking mixing time + transportation time + parking time into the account the pouring time should not be exceeded 60 minutes . should be installed simultaneously with the backfilling layers. to prevent a formation of cold joint. • The elevation of the concrete pouring will be controlled with string among the center and chamfer surround the interior circumference. • Suitable vibrator plate/rollers and/or water will be used to achieve the compaction requirements for each layer field density test will be performed to check the soil compaction to95% maximum dry density. • Successive batches of concrete will be placed on the edge of previous batches to maintain progressive filling of each layer without segregation. • After completion and curing of the third stage concrete pour then the second stage fill will be carried out up to grade level below proposed finished ground level Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 15 . In addition. • The rotating pump sequence is repeated until the foundation pour is complete. • The leading edge of each layer should not be vibrated until being covered with fresh concrete to avoid ‘segregation and bleeding out’ at the face.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement (g) Pouring • For a full description of the general techniques and procedures necessary for pouring and compacting concrete refer to ITD-MS-008 Concrete Works Method Statement for the PTT Phenol Project.7 layers in total. the following measures will be adopted • A continuous supply and placement of concrete will be maintained throughout the pouring sequence to avoid any possibility of cold joint formation. • Any embedded cableway conduits and earthing /grounding wires.

The heat generated will be converted to the circuit and sent to the data logger which will record and show information of temperature measure. The end of each thermocouple wire(s) were fixed to the designated position to the concrete mass prior to pouring. top and bottom sets will be approximately 50 cm of measuring from the edges. To ensure that the temperature differential will be controlled a set of measuring apparatus will be set as shown by the above sketch. top. In general case the temperature differential at any selected points should not exceed 33 C. The others ends were Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 16 .3 Test and Monitoring of the Concrete Mass after Poured As soon as the concrete has reached its stiffening time approximately 1 hour after pouring a set of plastic sheet will be covered fully the concrete surface. thick. ambient.g. The measurement purposes are to finding the temperature development within the concrete mass. middle and bottom.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 4. As previously explained. sets of thermocouples will be installed and embedded to the concrete at the bottom.g. The plastics cover and the side forms will be maintained for a couple weeks until the temperature differential at any selected points in the mass concrete are not exceeded 20 C. Sand will be filled fully onto the whole area where the plastics sheet cover with approximately 10mm. The maximum temperature of mass concrete will peak at 48 hours after pour and will be constant for 7 days and will decrease to the air temperature after 14 days Equipment Installation: Temperatures will be measured at 4 levels e. The results will show peak temperature and the temperature differential for such measuring points. middle and top e.

The remaining soil stuck to the piles will be removed by men.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement linked to the rear panel of the data logger which is set to read the temperature at every 30 minutes for at least 3 days. the bedding soil will be adjusted finally by men confirmed by survey. The compaction to the bedding soil will be carried by small compacting roller until the required density is achieved confirmed by test results. between the plies rows. Survey will then mark for level and pouring boundary. 2) Upon a completion of excavation. from one end to the other end as shown on the sketch by backhoe. 5. Upon a completion to the above the lean concrete will be poured. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 17 .) OUTLINE OF SEQUENCE To illustrate the previous description this outline of sequence is made as the following steps: 1) Excavation will be carried out. It should be concentrated closely during the entire excavation by backhoe so as not to damage the piles.

A joint survey CTCIT/ITD will be made to ensure their correctness installation for its position. 5) A set of anchor bolts will be installed following the latest construction drawings. In addition for their firm installation in order that they will not be moved and affected during the entire execution stage of pouring.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 3) Piles cutting off will be carried out following the method stated on 4.2. the others ends will be kept outside the concrete mass to connect to the rear panel of the data logger (temperature reading meter) thereafter Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 18 . In addition sets of thermocouples will be erected and fixed to at the designated points and will be left permanent to the concrete e. (c) rebar work respectively. alignment etc.5 (b) formwork. Detailed fixing and erection will be carefully followed the method described on 4. verticality.2. 4) Rebar and formwork will be preceded simultaneously.g. level.4 previously.

the concrete will be poured following the method described on 4. thick.2.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 6) Upon a confirmation of pre-concrete inspection . The plastics cover and the side forms will be maintained for a couple weeks until the temperature differential at any selected points in the mass concrete are not exceeded 20 C. As soon as the concrete has reached its stiffening time approximately 1 hour after pouring a set of plastic sheet will be covered fully the concrete surface.5 (d) concrete .(h) conveying respectively. Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 19 . When the concrete reaches the required strength verified by crushing test the form will be dismantled. The plastics cover and the side forms will be maintained for a couple weeks until the temperature differential at any selected points in the mass concrete are not exceeded 20 C.(e) concrete supply . Sand will be filled fully onto the whole area where the plastics sheet cover with approximately 10mm. thick. Sand will be filled fully onto the whole area where the plastics sheet cover with approximately 10mm. 7) As soon as the concrete has reached its stiffening time approximately 1 hour after pouring a set of plastic sheet will be covered fully the concrete surface. Once the side forms are removed the approved curing compound will be immediately applied thoroughly all the exposed surface. Conduct a temperature differential test and monitoring.

Italian-Thai Development Public Company Limited Page 20 .g. Each layer will not exceed 30 mm. backfilling work surround the foundation will be carried out in horizontal layers. will be removed. thick and a test results for the compaction test for each layer will be obtained prior to next layer filling. concrete laitance etc.MASS FOUNDATIONS CONCRETE & TEMPERATURE CONTROL MONITORING QA/QC Section: Method Statement 8) While the forms being dismantled. debris. Upon a completion of the above. all the unwanted materials associated with the concrete e.