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Libra 3: The dawn of a new day , everything changed

T h e w o r d s d a wn a n d d ay b o t h descend from the Indo-European (IE) r o o t a g h -2 w h i c h me a n s a da y considered as a span of time. Its p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e da i s y , to da y , a n d

L a n dta g ( t he l e g i s la t u r e o f c e rt a i n
states in Germany). T h e w o r d n e w de sc e n d s f r o m t h e IE r o o t n ewo - w h i c h m e a n s n e w a n d i t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e t h e w o r d s in n o vate ,

n e o n, n e o te ri c, no va , n o ve l, n o vi ce ,
a n d re n o vat e. 1 T h e w o r d e v eryt h i n g i s f o r m e d f r om t h r e e IE r o o t s a i w , li k- , a n d t en k-1 . T h e f o r m e r m e a n s v i t a l f or c e , l i f e , l o n g l i f e , e t e rn i t y ( a n d) e n d o w e d w i t h t h e a c m e o f v i t a l f o r c e , y o u n g. 2 I t s p a r on y m s i n c l u d e n o,

e ve ry, e ve r, n e ver, a ye ( a l w a y s , e v e r ) , c o e va l, lo n ge vi t y, m e die va l, p ri m e va l, e t e rn a l, e t e rn i t y, h ygi e n e, u t o p i a, a n d a yu rve da . T h e s e c o n d


r o o t , l i k , m e a n s b o d y , f o r m ; l i k e , s a m e . P a r o n y m s i n c lu d e t h e s u f f i x l y,

a l i ke , l i ke 1, li ke 2, l i ke 3, l i ke l y, e a c h, e ve ry , a n d f ro l ic . 3 T h e t h i r d r o o t ,
t en k-1 , me a n s t o s t r e t c h a n d f r o m i t d e s c e n d t h e w o r d s t h i n g , a lt h i ng ,

h u s t i n gs , a n d di n gu s . 4
T h e w o r d c h an ge d d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o ot k e mb - wh i c h m e a n s t o b e n d, t u r n , c ha n ge , e x c ha n g e . 5 I t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e t h e , c a mb i u m,

e x c h a n ge, i nt e rc ha n ge , ca n te e n, c an t o n, de c a nt , a n d t h e p r o p e r n o u n C a m b ri dge .

1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 58 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 2 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 49 4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 90 5 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 39 Starling Hunter 2011 1

TH EMES : T h e k e y wo r d n ew a n d i t s r oo t n e wo - f o r m t he b a s i s o f t w o s e t s o f s e m a n t i c re l a t i o n s h i p s . F i r st l y, w e s h o u l d n o t e t ha t t h e w o r d n ew h a s s e v e ra l d e f i n i t i o n s. O n e o f t h e s e i s c h a n g e d f o r t h e b e t t e r ; r e j u v e n a t e d a s w he n s o m e o n e s a y s, e x e r c i s i n g r e g u l a r ly h a s m a d e a n e w m a n o f me . 6 U n d e r t h i s me a n i n g, n ew a n d c ha ng ed a r e s y n o n y m s. T h e t h e m e h e r e ma y b e NEW AND IM PROVED . T h e w o r d n ew c a n a l s o m e a n RECE NT , i . e . h a v i n g b e e n m a d e o r c o m e i n t o b e i n g o n l y a sh o r t t i m e a g o . 7 T h i s m e a n i n g i s a n a n t o n y m t o t he m e a n i n g o f t h e r o ot a i w - ( l on g l i f e , e t e r n i t y) a n d t o a t l e a s t o n e o f i t s d e r i v a t i v e s , n a m e ly e t e rn al . H o w e v e r, t h e re a r e s y n o n ym o u s r e l a t i on s h i p s h e re a s w e l l . T h e r o o t ai w - ca n a l s o m e a n y o u n g a n d e n d o w e d w i t h t h e a c m e o f v i t a l f o r c e , i d e a s t h a t a r e s i m i l a r t o s o me m e a n i n g s o f n ew , e . g . r e j u v e n a t e d wh i c h m e a n s t o r e st o r e t o y o u t h f u l v i g o r o r a p p e a r a n ce ; m a k e y o u n g a g a i n a n d t o r e s t o r e t o a n o ri g i n a l o r

n e w c o n d i t i o n : 8 A t h e m e h e r e m i g h t b e RE J UVE NATED .

6 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/new 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dicti onary/entry/new 8 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/rejuvenate Starling Hunter 2011 2

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