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LkeSfVo ijh{kk d{kk & NBha fok; & laLd`r le;& 2 ?

kaVs vad 40 lkekU; funsZk& 1- LkHkh izu vfUkok;Z gSA 2- kq) orZuh vkSj lqys[k vad c<+kus esa lgk;d gksxsaaaA
34-

vf/kdre

bl izui= esa pkj [akM gS&d] [k] x] ?kA ;Fkk laHkOk izR;sd [kaM ds mRRkj dek% nhft,A

^[kaM & d* 5 izu 1%& fuEufyf[kr vuqPNsn dks i<+dj uhps fy[ks izuksa ds laLd`r esa mRrj nhft,& izkr% lw;Z% mn;frA vU/kdkj% u;frA loZ= izdkk% Hkofr aA if{k.k% vkdkks v= &r= HkzefUrA tuk% O;k;kea dqoZfUr A ckyk% m?kkuskq HkzefUrA losZ tuk% Lodk;sZkq layXuk% lfUrA 1 izkr% d% mn;fr ? 2 ds vkdkks HkzefUr ? 3 tuk% fade~ dqoZfUr ? 4 ckyk% dq= HkzefUr ? 5 losZ tuk% dskq layXuk% lfUr ? ^[kaM & [k* 8

ijksidkj ls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ iq.; ugha gSA osnksa vkSj mifuknksa esa Hkh ;gh dgk gSA Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ijksidkj ds fy, tkuh tkrh gSA egfkZ n/khfp us o`=klqj ls nsorkvksa dh j{kk djus ds fy, mUgsa viuh vfLFk;kWa nku esa ns nh FkhaA jktk fkfo us dcwrj dh j{kk djus ds fy, ckt+ dks viuk ekal dkVdj f[kyk;kA nsk dks Lora= djkus ds fy, gt+kjksa Hkkjrh;ksa us vius izk.k R;kx fn, FksA nwljksa ds dVksa dks viukdj nsf[k,A dV esa fdlh dk lgkjk cudj nsf[k,A nq[kh O;fDr ds nq%[k nwj gks tkus ij] mlds eq[k ij vkbZ eqLdku dk dkj.k ;fn vki gSa] rks vkils egku vkSj dksbZ ugha gSA
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lcls cM+k iq.; D;k gS? 1

d- iq.; [k- ijksidkj x- lq[k ?k- Lora=rk 2- egfkZ n/khfp us nsorkvksa dh j{kk djus ds fy, mUgsa viuh vfLFk;kWa nku esa D;ksa nh ? 1

3-

d- iq.; [k- ijksidkj egku dkSu gSa? 1

x- lq[k

?k- Lora=rk

d- nq[kh O;fDr ds nq%[k nwj djus okykA [k- nwljksas dks izlUu djus okykA x- nwljksas dks lq[k nsus okykA ?k- mijksDr lHkhA
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foykse kCn fy[kks& iq.;] Lora=] viuk] nq%[kA 2 mijksDr xn~;kak ls Pkkj O;fDrokpd laKk NkWafV,A 2

5-

6- xn~;kak dk mfpr khkZd nhft,A 1 izu 2%& fuEufyf[kr dkO;kak dks i<+dj uhps fy[ks izuksa ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& ladVksa ls ohj ?kcjkrs ugha] vkink,Wa ns[k fNi tkrs ughaA yx x, ftl dke esa iwjk fd;k] dke djds O;FkZ iNrkrs ughaA gks ljy vFkok dfBu gks jkLrk] deZohjksa dks u bldk okLrkA c<+ pys rks var rd gh c<+ pys] dfBurj fxfjJ`ax ij p<+ pysA dfBu iFk dks ns[k eqLdkrs lnk] ladVksa ds chp os xkrs lnkA gS vlaHko dqN ugha muds fy,] ljy&laHko dj fn[kkrs os lnkA ^;s vlaHko dk;jksa dk kCn gS] dgk Fkk usiksfy;u us ,d fnuA Lkp crk ftnaxh gh O;FkZ gS] niZ fcu] mRlkg fcu vkSj kfDr fcuA 1- ohj iq:k fdlls ughsa ?kcjkrs& 1

d- e`R;q ls ls

[k- dfBu dke ls

x- la?kkZ ls

?k- ladVksa

2- deZohjksa dks fdl ckr ls dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha gksrk& 1 d- ljy vkSj dfBu dke ls x- yksxksa dh izaklk ;k fuank dh [k- ljy vkSj dfBu jkLrs ls ?k- thr ;k gkj

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dfBu iFk dks ns[kdj deZohj dSlk O;ogkj djrs gSa& 1 d- mudk mRlkg vkSj c<+ tkrk gS [k- os #d tkrs gS x- os dfBukbZ dks nwj djus ds ckjs esa fopkj djrs gS ?k- os viuk ekxZ cny nsrs gSA

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fdu fokskrkvksa ds fcuk thou O;FkZ gS& 1 d- niZ] ohjrk] LokfHkeku vkRefookl x- mRlkg] kfDr] niZ [k- kfDr] niZ] ?k- lkgl] <`<+rk] yxu

5- bl dkO;kak dk mfpr khkZd gksxk& 1 d- dk;j vkSj ohj x- lPPkh ohjrk 6- dk;jksa dk kCn gS& 1 [k- ohjrk dh igpku ?k- deZohj

d- laHko
7-

[k- vlaHko

x- dfBu

?k- ljy

^ ohj ^ kCn gSa& 1 d- laKk foks+k.k [k- loZuke x- fdz;k ?k-

^[kaM & [k* izu 3%& dksbZ ,d fuca/k fyf[k,& 10 d- lnkpkj lwu [k- euq; vkSj foKku

15

x- dIa;wVj fcu lc

izu 4%& dksbZ ,d i= fyf[k,& 5 d- d{kk esa izFke vkus ij l[kh@fe= dks c/kkbZ&i= fyf[k,A vFkok [k- c<+rh eagxkbZ ij fpark izdV djrs gq, fdlh lekpkj&i= ds laiknd dks i= fyf[k,A ^[kaM & x* 25 izu 5%& fuEufyf[kr ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& 1- fganh dks jktHkkkk ds :Ik esa lafo/kku esa dc Lohdkj fd;k x;k g?sS d- 15 vxLr] 1947 dks [k- 26 tuojh] 1950 dks x- 14 flrEcj] 1949 dks ?k- 2 vDrwcj] 1949 dks
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Hkkjr dk lafo/kku esa fdruh Hkkkkvksa dks ekU;rk nh xbZ gS?sS d- 18 [k- 20 x- 22 ?k- 24

3- ^jkepfjrekul* dh Hkkkk gS& d- czt Hkkstiqjh


4-

[k- vo/kh

x- eSfFkyh

?k-

^dUuM+* fdl jkT; dh Hkkkk gS?

d- rfeyukMq dh x- vka/kz iznsk dh

[k- dsjy dh ?k- dukZVd dh

5- ^vewY;* kCn ds fy, lgh okD;kak gS& d- ftldh dher u yxkbZ tk lds x- ftldh dher gh u gks [k- tks cgqr dherh gks ?k- migkj esa nsus ;ksX;

izu 6%& fuEufyf[kr ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& 1- ^i`Foh* dk Ik;kZ;okph kCn gS? d- {khj [k- olw/kk x- vyd ?k- frfej 2- ^tks uV gksus okyk gS*& okD;kak ds fy, ,d kCn gS& d- uoj [k- kkor x- gark ?k- ifjR;Dr 3- ^jkf=* dkSu&lk kCn gS? d- rRle [k- rn~Hko Xk- nskt ?k- fonskh 4- ^ihrkacj* dSlk kCn gS? d- :<+ [k- ;kSfxd x- ;ksx:<+ ?k- vU; 5- ^futhZo* dk foyksekFkhZ gS& d- vtho [k- ltho x- ijtho ?k- dtho izu 7%& fuEufyf[kr ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& 1- Paknzksn; d- Paknzks$n; [k- Paknzk$mn; x- Paknz$mn; ?k- panks$mn; 2- fk{kkFkhZ d- fk${kkFkhZ[k- fk{k$vFkhZ x- fk{kk$vFkhZ ?k- fk{kk$FkhZ 3- fuEufyf[kr fodYiksa esa ls fdl fodYi esa lHkh kCn tkfrokpd laKk, ugha gSa?sS d- nsk] k=q] cw<k+ [k- lsod ] vkneh ]yM+dk x- ekrk] firk] nso ?k- pksj] nkuork] cPpk 4- ^okjk.klh* Ikzfl) uxj gSAjs[kkafdr dk laKk&Hksn gS& d- O;fDrokpd [k- tkfrokpd x- LFkkuokpd ?k- leqnk;okpd 5- ^lsuk* dk laKk&Hksn gS& d- nzO;okpd d- leqnk;okpd x- O;fDrokpd ?k- Hkkookpd izu 8%& fuEufyf[kr ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& 1- nw/k esa dqN fxj x;k gSA

2-

3-

4-

5-

d- iq:kokpd d- vfup;okpd x- fup;okpd ?k- futokpd dkSu xk jgk gS?sS d- iq:kokpd [k- vfup;okpd x- fup;okpd ?k- izuokpd fuEufyf[kr fodYiksa esa ls fdl fodYi esa lHkh kCn foksk.k ugha gSa?sS d- lqanj] ;ksX;] xq.kh [k- nfjnz] prqj] lTtu x- cpiu] cq<+kik] ;qod ?k- dk;j] ohj] lkglh eSa ihyk vke ywxkA js[kkafdr foksk.k dk Hksn gS& d- xq.kokpd [k- la[;kokpd x- ifjek.kokpd ?k- lkoZukfed ^mPpre* foksk.k dh dkSu lh rqyukRed voLFkk gS ?sS d- ewykoLFkk [k- mRrjkoLFkk x- mRrekoLFkk ?k- lkekU;

izu 9%& fuEufyf[kr ds lgh fodYi NkfV,& 1- dkSu&lk :Ik lgh gS ?sS d- vR;f/kd [k- vR;kf/kd x- vfrf/kd ?kvrhf/kd 2- fuEufyf[kr okD; esa js[kkafdr kCn ds iqfYyax :Ik ds lgh fodYi dks fjDr LFkku esa Hkfj,& fo/kok dh kknh-------------------------------- ds lkFk gks xbZA d- dqekj [k- fo/kqj x- oj ?k- ujsk 3- fuEufyf[kr okD; esa js[kkafdr in iz;qDr eas dkjd ds lgh fodYi dks pqfu,& d- drkZdkjd [k- deZZdkjd x- dj.kdkjd ?k- viknku dkjd 4- fuEufyf[kr okD; esa js[kkafdr kCn ds L=hfyax lgh fodYi dks fjDr LFkku esa Hkfj,& bl if=dk ds izdkku esa laiknd vkSj ------------------------------------ dk ;ksxnku gSA d- izdkfkdk [k- laikfndk x- ysf[kdk ? k- ikfBdk 5- fuEufyf[kr okD; esa js[kkafdr in iz;qDr eas dkjd ds lgh fodYi dks pqfu,& ekfyd us ukSdj dks osru fn;kA d- laiznku dkjd [k- deZZdkjd x- dj.kdkjd ? k- viknku dkjd ^[kaM & ?k* 25

izu 10%& fuEufyf[kr izuksa ds mRrj nhft,& 7 d- ys[kd us tUeHkwfe dks lcls JsB ekuk gS?sS D;ksa ?sS [k- fp=k ds fonsk tkus dk mn~n; D;k Fkk ?sS x- okkZ vkus ls isM+ D;ksa >we mBs ?sS ?k- izhfr th vius thou dk vknkZ fdls ekurh Fkha vkSj D;ksa ?sS M-+ foyk;rh [ksyksa esa ys[kd dks D;k deh eglwl gksrh gSa ?sS Pk- v:.kk fdl izdkj ds dk;Zdzeksa es O;Lr jgrh Fkha ?sS N- [kqnh dks dj cqyan------jt+k D;k gSa&dk vkk; le>k, ?sS izu 11%& fuEufyf[kr kCnksa ds vFkZ fyf[k,& 5 [khjeksgu] lrr] gdhdr] euHkkou] djry] d:.kk] ladV izu 12%& fuEufyf[kr in dk lizlax ljykFkZ dhft,& 5 lkeuk gks Ny&dIkV ls vfuV esjs HkkX; esa gks] rks Hkh izHkks esjk g}; nqcZy dHkh gksus u ik,] vVy jgdj lkeuk djrk jgw eSa] iko esjs y{; ls u M+xexk,A ,d gh ojnku nks rqe] gs izHkks! izu 13%& fuEufyf[kr kCnksa esa ^bd* izR;; yxk,& 2 izd`fr] lekl] foKku] eq[k izu 14%& fuEufyf[kr izuksa ds mRrj ,d kCn esa nhft,& 6 d- ys[kd dks fdl ckr es vkuan vkrk Fkk ?sS [k- ^yM+kbZ* kCn dk cgqopu fyf[k, ?sS x- ys[kd dks dkSu lk [ksy lcls vPNk yxrk gS ?sS ?k- ^vufxur* kCn esa dkSu lk milxZ yxk gS ?sS M+- ykyk yktir jk; us fdl dkWyst dh LFkkiuk dh ?sS p- gfj;kyh dSlh gaS ?sS