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From the earliest civilizations art has been collected and in displayed in such institutions as The Louvre. Over hundreds of years artists have been contributing to their era by way of writings, paintings, sculptures, and music. Some pieces of artwork, though, cannot be stored in a museum. Some pieces of artwork, like architecture, are natural displays. In the Classical Greek period the Parthenon was one of the largest structures to be built. Created by Perikles around between 448/447 and 438 or 432 b.c.e. this display of architecture stood in the Acropolis. It is the prime example of Greek architecture. It was created with the purpose of glorifying Athena. It is decorated with many different exterior sculptures, including one created in the image of Athena herself. The Doric columns are just one detail of the overall Golden Section design. There are no straight lines in the design whose width is larger than its height. Each detail exemplified the designs of the Classical Greek era. The Greeks during this time were focused on balance and order. They idealized subjects, such as the gods. Even the sculptures within the Parthenon are of their own categories. They are testament to the gods, and to the idealism of the Classical Greek period. The architecture of the classical period was important to the development of the cities. The Acropolis was an important center for the Greeks. The buildings that were a part of the Acropolis had their own purposes. They were built with great care to not only demonstrate the capabilities of the Greeks, but the details were specific so as to complete the purpose of the building. The Greek gods were focal point and thus the Parthenon was built to honor one of the gods.
but that is up for debate. they were not the only group during that period of time to contribute. The sculpture of Lacoon and his sons is made of marble and stands seven feet tall. It is possible the piece came to life around 150 b. The time was a very dramatic one. The piece is a nod to the dramatic flare that art had in the Hellenistic period versus the classical period that was slightly devoid of emotion. It was a period that was quite different from the Golden Age of Greece. Another such tragedy that was sculpted is Lacoon and His Sons. After the passing of Alexander the Great the competition began for his spot. New cultures were introduced because of Alexander’s conquests abroad. This period began after the death of Alexander the Great. Being one of the greatest tragedies all his own. However. Traditional ideals were seemingly ceasing to exist. There were many transitions occurring as a direct effect of Alexander’s reign. Pieces reflected a more natural tone. Apollo punished Lacoon and his sons. His story is one that is stems from Homer’s Iliad.e. The three were strangled by snakes sent by Apollo as punishment to Lacoon.During the Hellenistic Greek period the focus turned from the ideal to the real.c. The priest in the sculpture is seen with his sons. There was another group in Europe who was also able to impact the world of . The Greeks and the Romans were groups who contributed many great things to the world of art. Alexander was not the only individual displayed in art that depicted tragedy. After trying to warn the Trojans of the infamous Trojan horse that was given them by the Greeks. No one is certain when this sculpture was created. Artists focused on individuals and the emotions of those individuals. Before the Hellenistic period there were many battles to gain control of the Greek mainland. and this was reflected in the art created via the poses and themes of the pieces of art.
and even weapons. Just as the Greeks had done. The art of the Roman Republic focused on people. This type of tomb is typically used as the final resting place for families. One of the structures they created was a tomb. This is similar to the Greeks but more specifically of the Hellenistic period where the individual was on display. but many pieces of literature were undecipherable. one of which was a rock-cut tomb.art called the Etruscans. and even convey the level of energy the Etruscans possessed. places. The Romans were not afraid to put their ideas on display. The interior of the tomb reflects the home of the family. The tombs can be the most revealing of the art in that time. Considered natives of Italy. Two types of tombs were created. Since the language was not able to reveal as much about the culture at the time the tombs are able to show how they Etruscans lived. The tombs not only were home to the deceased but to their most valued worldly possessions. The most famous of this type was created on an ancient site called Cerveteri. In the time of the . Their language seemed to be based on the Greek alphabet. art. Just as with any other period there were many interactions among the people. The paintings that are on the walls in the tombs offer a glimpse into the daily lives the family members led. The Tomb of Reliefs in Cerveteri was designed to house forty members. and time. not much is known about this group. They indicate what methods were used for food. In the Roman Republic literature was one of the forms of art that was the most informative pieces of art. fighting. Many tombs included gold. The bigger the display the better seemed to be the theme of the time. Many of these tombs were robbed because of what they contained. the Etruscans used their architecture to create structures that would have important purposes.
and last for about 50 years. During the Roman Republic capturing who the individual was during their life was of great importance. His writing style is said to reflect everyday life of the Romans. but this was not the only emotion he displayed. Catallus also wrote of the loss of his brother. One of the styles. Catallus used racy colloquial style to write about love.c. Catallus wrote of his love for her. At the height of their success the Romans were experiencing great power as they dominated almost two millions miles of land and fifty million people. Painted on ivory. . used his language to display human emotion at its strongest. Just as with other stories of the time she was the center of competition for two men. The overall thinking of the time reflected Greek idealism with Roman realism. Catallus’ poems also were able to capture his own emotion and put it on display for all to see. The art of the time reflected so much of this history. Many were painted on surfaces that already had color the paintings. in Pompeii and Herculaneum. originated around 80 b.Republic there were two classes: the patricians and the plebians. The Romans created imagines to re-create the human being buried. Similar to the deathmasks. From racy to lovelorn. to grief. The Second Style is also referred to as the architectonic or illusionistic style. Amidst the struggle for equality Catallus. a Roman poet.e. However.e. Once again the issue was dominance. not many of the paintings exist today. and who was in control of decisions. or wood the small paintings had four styles. The ones that were painted in homes were preserved after the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 c. Most now exist specifically in the form of murals. stone. Paintings were just one of the forms the Romans used. the Second Style. He wrote a series of poems about a love affair he had with Lesbia.
No matter the interpretation the Roman’s delighted in fooling the eye of the beholder.One such painting that is considered Second Style is the cubiculum from the Villa at Boscoreale. Publius Fannius Synistor may have had many reasons for having this mural painted in his home. It could have been painted to create his own escape. With the ability to fool the viewer at the very least the painting can impress. It is also suggested that the painting reflects what was considered architecture of the time. or to offer one for his guests. What appears to be three dimensional is really just two. The fantasy that the painting creates is the idea that whoever the Roman might be could escape into another place inside the room. . It is a bedroom scene in the home of Publius Fannius Synistor. The illusions of the painting suggest open spacing and extended dimensions. which is a truly Roman concept.
New Jersey: Pearson Education. Arts and Culture: An Introduction to Humanities.. & DiYanni.References: Rebold Benton. J. . Upper Saddle River . R. (1998).
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