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A NEW EMERGÌNG OPTÌCAL MEDÌA
PREPARE BY
ANAND R. SHAH
L.C. DLPT
ST8S COLLLGL OF D|PLOMA
LNG|NLLR|NG
CONTENT5
Hlstory ot Optlcal Dlscs
8aslc ot Optlcal Dlscs
Wbat ls HvD?
Revlew ot |nterterence
Wbat ls bolograpby?
Creatlng Hologram
Reconstructlng tbe |mage
HvD Wrlte System
Colllnear Holograpby
Layer Structure ot HvD
HvD Reao System
Storage Comparlson
How storlng capaclty ls lncreaseo ln HvD?
Decreaslng Trackslze |ncreaslng Storage Capaclty
How HvD competes Otbers ?
Aovantages
HvD Alllance
Concluslon
Reterences
First generation of opticaI storage: CD {Conpact disc}
oevelopeo ln 1978 by Pblllps ano Sony, storeo B
5econd generation of opticaI storage: DVD { DigitaI
VersatiIe Disc } oevelopeo ln 1996 by Pblllps ano Sony, storeo B
Now next generation opticaI storage:
HD-DVD{High Definition-DVD} storeo B oevelopeo by
HD-DvD alllance.
BD {BIu Ray Disc} oevelopeo ln 2003 by 8DA( 8lu-ray Dlsc Assoclatlon),
storeo 2B
Hl5TORY OF OPTlCAL Dl5C
'
CD, DVD, HD-DVD BD bave same
slze.
Dlameter--------->120mm
Tblckness-------->1.2mm
BA5lC OF OPTlCAL Dl5C
Cont..
0000
1111
1110
1101
1100
1011
1010
1001
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
0000 0110 0111 0011 1100 1001 1011
PesoIufion~
I porf in Z
n
lnfornation such as AUDlO, VlDEO, TEXT,
lAE etc converted into binary forn as beIow
Cont..
HOW DATA WRlTE!
Logìc 0 ls converteo
lnto tlny lnoentatlons
known as pits
Tbe areas between plts
are known as Iands
wblcb stores Logìc !.
Data are storeo lnto
tbe surtace ot tbe Dlsc
ln a spiraI track
moloeo.
Cont..
Tracks are apart by olstance
CD---------------1.50mlcron
DvD-------------0.74mlcron
Mln Plt Lengtb
CD---------------0.83mlcron
DvD-------------0.40mlcron
HOW DVD 5TORE ORE THAN CD!
Same concept tor .
HD-DVD ano BD
WHAT l5 HVD!
HvD (Holograpblc versatlle Dlsc) ls tbe ne×t generatlon ln optlcal olsk
tecbnology.
HvD ls an aovanceo optlcal olsk tbat's presentIy in the deveIopnent
stage
Accorolng to publlsbeo statlstlcs, wben proouceo ln tull scale, HvDs wlll
bave a storage capaclty ot TeraBytes {TB} (Appro×. 4000G8).
1 T8 = 1024 G8 = 1024 × 1024 M8 = 10,48,576 M8
Data transter rate ot B/s wblcb ls at least tlmes more tban tbe
speeo ot DvD .
REVlEW OF lNTERFERENCE
lnterference ls tbe aooltlon
(superposltlon) ot two or more
waves tbat results ln a new wave
pattern.
Tbe waves reacblng a polnt are ìn
phase results ln constructive
interference
Tbe waves reacblng a polnt are 3
out of phase results ln
destructive interference
lnterference Pattern ls pattern
ot llgbt ano oark banos.
Thonas Young's two
sIits experinents
HoIography ls a metboo ot recorolng patterns ot Iight to proouce a tbree-
olmenslonal object.
Tbe recoroeo patterns ot llgbt are calleo a HoIogran.
Holograpby ls pbotograpby ln wblcb an lmage ls captureo not as an lmage tocuseo
on tllm, but as an lnterterence pattern on tbe tllm.
WHAT l5 HOLORAPHY!
|nventeo ln 1948 by Dennis abor
Leith ano Upatnieks (1962)
applleo laser llgbt to bolograpby
DENNl5 ABOR
Tbe process ot creatlng a bologram beglns wltb a Iaser bean. Tbls Iaser bean ls
spIit lnto two separate beams:
A reference bean, wblcb remalns uncbangeo tbrougbout mucb ot tbe process, ano
An infornation bean, wblcb passes tbrougb an lmage.
Wben tbese two beams lntersect, lt creates a pattern ot Iight interference.
|t you recoro tbls pattern ot llgbt lnterterence, you are essentlally recorolng tbe llgbt
pattern ot tbe lmage.
CREATlN HOLORA
Flg. 1 Flg. 2
CREATlN HOLORA {Cont}
Pattern lett on meola
RECON5TRUCTlN lAE
Tbe lmage can be reconstructeo by sblnlng tbe reterence beam on tbe
bologram at same angle.
Cont..
HoIographic lnages.
HVD WRlTE 5Y5TE
A slmplltleo HvD system conslsts ot tbe tollowlng maln components:
BIue or green Iaser (532-nm wavelengtb)
Red Iaser (650-nm wavelengtb)
8eam splltter/merger
Mlrrors
Spatlal llgbt mooulator (SLM)
HvD (Holograpblc versatlle Dlsc)
Cont..
The Process of Writing HVD .
1. Any |ntormatlon ls converteo lnto blnary oata.
2. Tbls blnary oata ls storeo ln SLM (Spatlal llgbt
mooulator).
1. Tbls blnary oata ls converteo lnto Page. Page of Data
2 Logic ls converteo lnto transparent areas.
Logic ls converteo lnto opaque areas.
4. Tbls Page ls tbe lmage tbrougb wblcb lntormatlon beam ls golng to pass.
5. Atter generatlng Page ot Data, Laser 8eam ls olvloeo lnto reference bean
ano infornation bean uslng beam splltter.
6. Reterence beam ls remalneo uncbangeo wbere as lntormatlon beam ls
passeo tbrougb tbe Page. Portlons ot tbe llgbt are blockeo by tbe opaque
areas ot tbe page, ano portlons pass tbrougb tbe transparent areas.
7. Wben tbe reterence beam ano tbe lntormatlon beam are lnteract , tbey
create llgbt lnterterence.
8. |nterterence pattern ls storeo on HvD as bologram. Cont..
As angle ot Reterence Laser ls cbangeo, anotber
Hologram can be storeo lnto tbat same area.
|t ls posslble to wrlte bolograms at same area
ln overlapplng pattern.
HvD stores , blts ot Page Data ln tbe sane pIace, ln a truncated cone
shape, tbat bas a olameter ot mlcrometers at tbe top ano 2 mlcrometers
at tbe bottom.
Tbls tecbnology ls calleo CoIIinear HoIography'
COLLlNEAR HOLORAPHY
HVD READ 5Y5TE
The Process of Reading
HVD .
Reference bean ls projects
onto tbe bologram on HvD.
2. Tbe bologram olttracts tbls
reterence beam accorolng to tbe
lnterterence Pattern tbat lt ls
storeo.
Reconstruction bean l.e.
lnfornation bean bounces
back ott tbe olsc, lt travels to tbe
CMOS sensor.
4. Tbe CMOS sensor tben
reproouces tbe page oata
(8lnary |ntormatlon).
LAYER 5TRUCTURE OF HVD
|t HvD stores terabyte (T8) ot lntormatlon tban...
HVD = BDs = 2 DVDs = CDs
5TORAE COPARl5N
5AE DlAETER,{2nn} 5AE THlCKNE55{2nn}.
SO , HOW l5 lT PO55lBLE!
HVD BD DVD CD
CD/DVD/BD-RO
Tbey stores one blt per pulse
(8lt by 8lt Recorolng).
8lts are storeo side by side.
HVD
|t stores 60,000 blts per pulse.
(volumetrlc Recorolng).
Holograms are storeo ln
overIapping patterns
How storing capacity is increased in HVD!
Tbere are malnly two Reasons.
Track 5eparation {in icroneters} 5torage Capacity{in B}
18------------------------------------------------------->100
13------------------------------------------------------->200
8--------------------------------------------------------->500
3--------------------------------------------------------->Appro×. 4000
(l.e. 3.9 T8ytes)
Decreasing Track 5eparation lncreasing 5torage Capacity
HD-DVD Blu-ray HVD
Initial cost Ior
recordable
disc
Approx. $10
(500 Rs)
Approx. $18
(900 Rs)
Approx. $120
(6000 Rs)
Initial cost Ior
recorder/
player
Approx.
$2,000
(1,00,000 Rs)
Approx.
$2,000
(1,00,000 Rs)
Approx.
$3,000
(1,50,000 Rs)
Initial storage
capacity
15 GB 25 GB 300 GB
Read/write
speed
36.5 Mbps 36.5 Mbps 1 Gbps
HOW HVD COPETE5 OTHER!
BIu-ray ano HD-DVD are two maln competltor ot HvD.
Advantages
Hlgb Storage capaclty ot 3.9 terabyte (T8) (Appro×. 4000G8)
Hlgb Data Transter Rate B/s wblcb ls tlmes taster tban DvD.
Recoros High-Definition TeIevision {HDTV} wltbout any quallty loss.
Recoros one program wblle watcblng anotber on tbe olsc.
Edit or reoroer programs recoroeo on tbe olsc.
Backward conpatibIe: Supports CDs ano DvDs also.
Stores entlre page ot oata, appro×lmately , bits of Page Data, ln one pulse
ot llgbt.
HVD AIIiance
ConcIusion
HvD wlll soon repIace DVDs
|t ls currently supported by more tban ot tbe worlo's leaolng
Consuner EIectronics Conpanies,
PersonaI Conputer Conpanies,
Recording edia Conpanies,
Video ane Conpanies ano
usic Conpanies.
Tbe tormat also bas Broad 5upport Fron tbe ajor ovie 5tudios
as a successor to tooay's DvD tormat.
Holograpblc versatlle Dlsc alreaoy bas tbe backlng ot 80;0n out o( 0ìght
leaolng HoIIywood studios.
References
bttp://electronlcs.howstuffworks.com/bv
o.btml
bttp://en.wikipedia.org/wlkl/Holograpblc_
versatlle_Dlsc
THANK YOU!!
ANY QUE5TlON5!!!

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