Architecture Thesis Manual

EMCVillanueva.GRLajom

“If I had to teach architecture....I would strive to inculcate in my pupils a keen sense of control--unbiased judgment and of the “how” and the “why.” I would encourage them to cultivate this sense till their dying day. But I would want them to base it on an objective series of facts. Facts are fluid and changeable especially nowadays, so I would teach them to distrust formulas and impress on them that everything is relative.” --Le Corbusier

FOREWORD
Your THESIS is the one project that should integrate all your learning in your 4-year (or so...) stay in BS Architecture. It is suppose to justify your right to graduate. So, you will have to dig into all the knowledge that you have acquired (architectural and otherwise) to come up with a project that is not only feasible, but is also believable and distinctive. It begins with a problem, and ends at finding a solution to that problem. This is not an easy task. With a series of research works and evaluations (and reevaluations... and probably more research work), you need to come up with enough proof that your solution is right. But that’s getting ahead of the job... Right now, you are faced with one big problem. That is, HOW DO YOU COME UP WITH THE PROBLEM? But before we get into that, you have to choose a certain topic first. This will help you narrow down the number, the extent and the magnitude of the problem you want (?) to solve. SUGGESTED PROBLEM AREAS 1. Formulation or development of a project that does no exist yet 2. Generation of useful technical data or technical properties of new material or process 3. Improvement of existing knowledge 4. New application of an existing knowledge 5. Comparative study of two or more entities or development of an improved version of an existing one 6. Physical development of a research work 7. Documentation

CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A TOPIC OR PROBLEM 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The research topic must be one which YOU selected. It must be within your interest. It must be within your specialization. It must be based on your competence to tackle the necessary work. It must be within your financial capability.

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Architecture Thesis Manual

EMCVillanueva.GRLajom

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

It should have definable limits to suit your available resources. It must be researchable and manageable. It must be completed within a reasonable span of time. Its solution must require original, critical and reflective thinking. It must be significant, important and relevant to the present time and situation. It must contribute to the national development goals for the improvement of quality of life. It must contribute to the Institute’s “body of knowledge.” It must not undermine nor compromise the moral and spiritual values of the people. It must advocate changes in the present order of things. It must offer some kind of return for your efforts. It must not involve any hazards such as physical, social or legal.

These criteria, by the way, are not the only bases for your selection. You may have some criteria of your own that will help you decide.

PROPOSING A PROJECT When you have already set your mind on a certain topic or problem, the next step is to find out its physical application. Your thesis, after all, does not just involve research. Most of the time, the topic or problem chosen must be translated into a structure or a set of guidelines. Here are some questions to help you determine what kind of project you may carry out to interpret your research. 1. What are your interests? Do you know of any organizations or groups that support your interest? They may have possible projects. 2. Do you know of any possible proposal by a government agency and unit which you can further develop? 3. Are you aware of any new concept, technology or project which may be tested for feasibility in local application? 4. Again, you may have other bases that you might want to add to these. Now that you’re set at zeroing in on the topic and the project that you want to work on, it might be really useful in the future to list them down. Read and reread them. If one does not sound good to you, maybe it does not deserve to be in the list. This means you will have to wrack your brains one more time to come up with another one, but then again, it has a big chance of being better than the one you struck out, right? To further assist you in the final decision, you can use a table such as the one shown in Figure 1.

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Architecture Thesis Manual

EMCVillanueva.GRLajom

CRITERIA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. availability of data personal interest financial capability time requirement etc. … …

Project 1

Project 2

Project 3

Rating: 1 - Poor 2 – Fair 3 – Good 4 - Very Good 5 - Excellent

Figure 1. Selection of Project Please note that this exercise is not part of the book, but for sure you would do things like this to ease your way. After all, the acceptance of the responsibility of undertaking “whatever” is needed to meet your goals is the most important part in selecting a topic, aside from truly understanding every purpose, scope and requirements of the project. Lastly, here are some basic rules in writing your thesis. In this exercise, it is not enough that you know the data, have analyzed them and made your own conclusions based on them. It is also very important that you know why and how you should present such data on your thesis book. DOs AND DON’Ts in writing your paper: 1. Don’t ever copy text from any published works. That is a capital offense in thesis writing. In case you don’t know it yet, you could be jailed for that! Write in your own words. Your comprehension of the things you write can only be shown by your ability to summarize reports. 2. Don’t include photocopied texts in your book except as an appendix. 3. Do acknowledge and cite your source. This applies to all possible data sources including personal interviews. This will save you a lot of effort in explaining some concepts that are not really your own to begin with. 4. Do read and check your work. Checking includes grammar, spelling and composition. Remember, it’s always nice to be short and sweet. ☺ 5. Do include pictures, graphs, maps, charts and sketches. Architecture is a visual medium so always reinforce your ideas with figures. Of course, there should be proper captions. Make your reader understand the significance of that graph that took you hours to make! 6. Don’t use abbreviations, and unnecessary acronyms and contractions. 7. Do make the effort to introduce new ideas, new chapters, etc. This will create a smoother flow of your discussions. 8. Don’t be afraid of computers. They will facilitate editing and help you come up with better visual presentations.

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Architecture Thesis Manual

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CONTENTS
THE THESIS BODY
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION A. The Problem and Its Setting a. Background of the Study b. Statement of the Problem c. Architectural Thesis Goals/Objectives/Strategies d. Scope and Limitations e. Purpose/Relevance/Significance of the Study f. Assumptions g. Definition of Terms & Concepts B. C. D. E. Review of Related Literature and Studies Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Methodology of Research Bibliography PRESENTATION OF DATA

Chapter 2.

A. Data Management a. Present Condition b. Primary Data c. Tables and Graphs B. Case Studies a. Scope and Delimitations b. Case Studies c. Summary and Recommendations Chapter 3. ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION A. Situational Analysis a. Identification/Assessment of Needs b. Restatement of the Problem c. Recommendations B. The Site a. Background

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Design Goals & Objectives C. d. Design Parameters Chapter 6.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Technical Viability and Environmental Impact Assessment b. Design Concepts D. Activity Flow Diagrams b. Environment-Behavior Studies c. Viability Studies a. Site Selection Criteria Site Selection and Justification Site Analysis SWOT Analysis Baseline Studies Factors and Issues Relevant to the Site C. Interrelationship Analysis D. Behavioral Analysis a. PROGRAMMING Behavioral Analysis Interrelationship Analysis Qualitative Analysis Quantitative Analysis Chapter 5. A. TRANSLATION 5 . Legal Viability c. Financial Viability d. B. Design Proposal Chapter 4. f. Design Philosophy B. D.GRLajom b. e. C. g. c. SYNTHESIS A.

You should do this in an informative manner which is not too technical for readers with no 6 . You should do this without using the word “I” and without presenting your proposal just yet. All you have to do here is convince your reader that your project is worth your effort and the reader’s attention. State the reason/s why it is necessary to conduct the study which will lead to your solution. are you interested in going the extra mile to come up with a better solution? If your answer to these questions is a resounding “YES!”. Trace it. So you cannot just go discussing anything you come across without understanding how it relates to what you want to achieve in the end. etc. Why in the world must you do this!? Will it make the world a better place?) 4. clear idea. absence/incompatibility of present site. move on. A proper Introduction will give the reader a strong strong vision of the direction you want your project to take. INTRODUCTION A. Here are some of the points you have to cover to make sure that you are writing your Introduction properly. Remember. Once you've connected the historical events with present developments and the problem at hand. These would include such aspects such as technical problems. But be careful about delving too much on the historical context. need for proper planning. Present the problems and concerns which brought you to choose to work on your proposal.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Make sure. Inform your reader of the present scenario -. then tell your reader so (again: do not use “I” and do not actually address your reader). though. Ask yourself these questions: Do you have a clearer and deeper understanding of the conditions pertinent to your problem? Do you want to find a way to solve it? If there are already existing ways of solving it. INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND This is the part that is supposed to give the reader a clear idea of what your thesis is all about.GRLajom chapter 1. 2. Then present it clearly and coherently. need for recognition of potentials. that you stick only to the relevant factors.the unsatisfactory conditions and the problems that you feel need to be solved (and that YOU can actually solve ARCHITECTURALLY). okay? 3. 1. Try not to lose focus so early. Describe the conditions of your study locale. This is sometimes called the “RATIONALE” (which is also a tip: this is where you rationalize what you are doing. Does your problem have a historical background? Most problems do. 5. 6. THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING a.

Since you will be focusing on several RESEARCH TOPICS. Though you haven’t defined your conceptual and theoretical frameworks at this point. you must have a clear idea of what their basis would be (clue: RESEARCH TOPICS?). Let your reader know this by stating your problem in a SIMPLE. make sure that you have linked all the things you’ve discussed. 7 . Wrap up. For time-specific objectives. you may be able to come up with different specific needs that may be addressed by your thesis. Do not leave the reader wondering where on earth you got the idea of conducting this study. Forget about architectural for a while and focus on RESEARCH WORK.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. A brief description of the outcome could also help so that a conceivable “image” may be formed. And you should do this whether the locality is being used as a source of basic data or a targeted site for application. If you can come up with a clever parting statement here. Therefore. research on. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This is composed of a GENERAL STATEMENT of a MAJOR PROBLEM and SPECIFIC QUESTIONS or SUB PROBLEMS pertaining to your thesis topic. a chronological arrangement may be more advisable. OBJECTIVES Objectives are more SPECIFIC targets which eventually leads to the attainment of your architectural goal. Again remember the keyword: architectural! STRATEGIES Strategies are simply particular actions you have to do to achieve each specific objective.” You can begin “selling” your project here by defining what kind of STRUCTURE you want to see in the translation of your study. c. The specific needs that you have identified are supposed to make your project unique from other studies. then by all means. Refrain from devising PROGRAMS for the operations of your project. study. survey. make sure that your objectives are consistent with the topics that you want to work on. Before you start with the next part. CLEAR and DIRECT manner. DO! b. What do you need to know.GRLajom background in architecture. you only need to repeat them in this section. ARCHITECTURAL THESIS GOAL/OBJECTIVES/STRATEGIES ARCHITECTURAL THESIS GOAL There is one very important word here and that is “ARCHITECTURAL. 7. You may want to group them by certain categories as determined by your goal. Keep in mind that you are doing an architectural thesis. or arrange them according to importance. If you have formulated them in the Introduction.

right? Right.. scrap the objective before you get carried away identifying the strategies. Write your purposes. To do this. 2. estimate or program in order to create a body of knowledge that will lead to meeting your objectives. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY Most researchers make the mistake of using this part of the paper to state simply what their project will NOT be about. 2. As you enumerate the objectives and strategies.”. And please be consistent with your sentence structure.. keep checking their relevance to your goal. GOAL OBJECTIVES 1. If you begin the GOAL and the first OBJECTIVE with “To + verb. the final output. Once you’ve identified these you can again categorize or group them to gauge the task better.GRLajom observe. and therefore. So make this a statement of the constraints or limiting factors that might affect your research. therefore. Strategies are a totally different thing. d. the users. STRATEGIES 1. be more comprehensible if you follow the succeeding outline in stating your thesis goals. Some examples would be budgetary limits (don’t we all have 8 . But then again. the activities. SCOPE and LIMITATIONS SCOPE OF THE STUDY It is very important that you state in the clearest manner possible the coverage of your study and project. If you do not see a direct relationship.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you do. you must first ask yourself what you need to do and why you need to do them. what? Then (as you may have already guessed) you have to explain why. Do you know why? Of course. Identify what you need to know as required by your project. They are structured in the imperative form (the better to scare you into doing them. Then let’s say further that you’ll be conducting case studies. who said that you are like most researchers? You’re not. objectives and strategies. Let’s say you will be covering a lot of investigation with respect to the site. 2. Then let’s say you stop. perhaps?). STRATEGIES 1. Then let’s say again that you also have to conduct deeper research about your thesis topic/s. Good. use the format until you ran out of objectives to state. Elaborate if possible. It would.. What will be your subjects? What will you be looking into? Will it be the locale.

and of course our favorite excuse: time constraints However. sociologist. the organization who will run the proposal and the likes are examples of these.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. g. Your client’s name. you can state your possible contributions. Always keep in mind that you are an architect. physician nor a politician. DEFINITION OF TERMS and CONCEPTS One caution in doing this: This is NOT a mini-dictionary. Example. And so you are reminded that you will just write words that you believe are TOO TECHNICAL for your readers. these limitations are determined only to keep your study at a realistic level and in no way should be used as an excuse for personal shortcomings or blocks in the outcome of the project. should however be as REALISTIC and ACHIEVABLE as possible. though a theoretical exercise which need no immediate application. Do not include terms which are only unfamiliar to you. it can bring your project into a more realistic sense and create a more formidable framework for the design. PURPOSE/ RELEVANCE/ SIGNIFICANCE OF THE THESIS Who will benefit from your studies? How can this study be of any help in fostering a better architecture? These are few of the questions you have to take into consideration in writing the significance of your thesis. Your assumptions can be of great help when dealing with programming and cost analysis Further. economic or cultural aspects of the project. as an architect. But HOLD IT! Do not think of yourself as some kind of a God who can actually SOLVE the problems with your thesis in blink of an eye. unavailability or inaccessibility of data. ( and it MUST be a tool if that is what you aim). These may be conditions where you base your study that need some validation through key informants you have interviewed. This may deal with the social. not a psychologist. Oftentimes. And so you must always direct your discussions on the ARCHITECTURAL aspect of your work. ASSUMPTIONS The thesis. if you are working on a Rehabilitation Center for Drug Dependents. f. the possible funding source. But it can be a TOOL. e. You might end up doing a list of terms for you and not your readers. You can not alleviate poverty nor improve the whole bureaucratic system through your study.GRLajom this??). 9 . to meet this concern. It would only mean that you will be dealing with assumptions which will support your study and give substance to your work. you are carried away by the description drawn from the client’s project proposals and thereby forgetting the architectural contributions you want your project to have. You can even combine or address all of the aspects if you like. Instead. you will not say that your thesis can actually heal these addicts.

Definitions should be as brief. here are some guidelines on citing related literature. say a laboratory or a drafting room. 3. clear and direct as possible. that is. reference books. And hey. how they are used in your study. So don’t you think DENR would be a better alternative? 6. 5. This would also help you know where will you take-off. Terms should be defined operationally. you probably would have also known the coverage of your thesis. The more you read. 10 . researches.GRLajom The following are some guidelines in writing an effective definition of terms: 1. a house made of light materials may be defined as one made of bamboo. Use simple words in defining your terms. because these are printed and published materials. you will then have the idea where would you start your study. For instance the study is about accessibility. 4. words or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined. Encyclopedias. but may take another meaning as to what your study is all about. Hence. Definitions may be taken from valid sources. writeups and other thesis works which are somehow related to your topic(s). the better! And therefore the easier for you to visualize and understand the needs of your work. You may be using and typing the same long meaning of Department of Environment and Natural Resources for a hundred times or even more along your work.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. magazines and newspapers are samples of these. You may develop your own definition from the characteristics of the term defined. nipa. What do you mean by accessibility? To make the meaning clear you have to define what covers the term. essential for a clearer understanding of your study. Thus. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES When you have already established your scope. and therefore building another bulk of things to be defined. you are ready to define varied literature related to your study. Example: Learning areas may be defined as a classroom. Having known what were already written and published. Need we say more? B. It would be more complicated if you will not. Definitions taken from these kinds of materials are called conceptual or theoretical definitions. buri. Acronyms should always be spelled out especially they are not commonly known or if they were used for the first time. etc. you need to acknowledge them in any form possible. These are summarized versions of articles. Only terms. 7. The key here is simple. 2. This is also an operational definition. Will it just be a continuation of an existing project? Will you just be pushing a new theory related to those previously stated? Or is it a totally new project with totally new concepts related to the existing ones? To help you further understand.

Your Architectural Theory of Design subjects (AR 273 and 263) clearly state this as a relation between two properties. ten (10) pieces of literature for review is recommended. In an undergraduate thesis like yours. Something which will bind your thoughts into one concrete THRUST-. it is essential that you create a framework. a moving space is best suited for the healing mind.g. New learnings are discovered everyday. If your research topic will be working on this type of a framework. just enough. You must always remember that these topics are supposed to be supportive ideas in the development of your study. Maintain a balanced presentation of literature.GRLajom 1. this may sound a little bit confusing and difficult at first but you have already done this before. a THEORY has three basic components (1) conceptual scheme (2) set of proposition stating relationships between properties or variables and (3) context for verification. then you have to state so.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. space and behavior. THEORETICAL/CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Your thesis is a research-based thesis. These may be based on your OWN ideas and NOT coming from another researcher or proponent. 2. if not the main end of it. CONCEPTS on the other hand are just ideas or concrete expression of terms (see chapter on concept). It means that you are supposed to formulate ideas based on your gathered facts and information to later on be applied to a specific project. your research topics correspond to these. Your piece of literature may be true and relevant today but not in the next months or years. A theory is something which already has a proponent. a limited area can affect the behavior of a drug dependent. religious or otherwise.where ALL your inputs as well as your outputs will be based. Materials must be as objective and as unbiased as possible. According to Homans (1967). Yes. 3. Materials may not be too few or too many. It means that a person before you had already proposed this theory and other people have been verifying this as well. not to overwhelm your readers. group or an individual figure. these may just be part and parcel of the research topic or the entire thesis. 11 . C. Usually. You might wonder what the difference between a theory and a concept is. in the given example. whether political. It is not that changes occurs that abrupt but developments may arise which may have altered the theories presented on your researched literature. Again. Theories have been subjected to further studies by various people and yet they are still something that can be verified. or a concept you want to test say. your framework should be based from a proponent and the consolidation of studies made as well to see the extent of verification done. It is always best to know where and when to stop. Your thesis can be a supportive study and a test if the theories presented are really true. Therefore. This will be the part where you will inform your readers if there is a theory you want to prove e. To know the applicability of these theories. You have to avoid material which are obviously and extremely siding an organization. Materials must be as recent as possible. haven’t you? You are just to organize and give your work a more solid basis by stating the theories and/or concepts and HOW will you go about this.

.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.C. 12 . Urbana. RESEARCH DESIGNS c. You can break down a rather long bibliography according to topics or type of publication. 4. a. 3. 2. Enhancing Value in Design Decisions. D. BIBLIOGRAPHY This is the list of references (books.. 1. If it is a survey: what type of questions will you be asking? How were you able to establish them? And so on and so forth. Rosario S. New York: Random House.: US Government Printing Office. then the first name and middle name or intial (if any). RESEARCH TACTICS E. Separate the major elements with a period. It is also recommended that you prepare a WORK PLAN. this is an organized table or framework which explains the step by step process of doing your study. November. METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH In any research. Use semicolons to separate names Dacanay Jr. If it is an interview: with whom? why?. The methods of research (check your AR 483) will help you with this process. Stephen J. Julian E. Washington. Encarnacion. or use and others or et al. Remember to put the authors’ surname first. The following are some examples of possible sources and the manner by which you should include them in the Bibliography. For a book by three or more authors. 2001. and Spreckelmeyer. Kirk. space permitting. an and the. Ill. For a book by two authors. Quezon City: GCF Books. you need not indicate them. Use commas to separate names. analytic or a combination). You see. For a book by an organization US Department of Commerce. Research in Written Composition. you have to enumerate them and elaborate and explain as well why are you using them. etc.: National Council of Tecahers in Englih. Bibliography style for a book by one author Jodidio. SYSTEMS OF INQUIRY b. Kent F. Architecture Now. You may provide bibliographies for every chapter and have them listed at the end. but you have to maintain an alphabetical arrangement within each section. Rodrigo D. it is not only important that you know WHAT to do but more essentially HOW you will do it.. you could include the names of all the authors. Richard.GRLajom D.. This is a synthesis of your plan and how are you going to conduct the study. and Perez III. but if it is a book. and others. interviews. 1976. 1989.) you have consulted in the development of your book. Page numbers are only necessary if the source is an article. Cologne. 1963. 1993. You can choose from a number of methods used in an architectural research (descriptive. For when there are more than three authors. Pocket Data Book USA 1976. Germany: Taschen GMBH. Here items are arranged alphabetically regardless of the articles a. Philip. Folk Architecture. magazines. Bradock. etc.

Bulacan: Bulacan State University. Mencken. or anonymous) Air Pollution Primer.” New York Times (June 3. The American Language. H. Business Communication: Principles and Methods. Eleanor Lynn. 6 vols. 10. Winston E. title of periodical underlined. Churchill. The American Language. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The Devil’s Dictionary. Bierce.GRLajom 5. 2001. or translator in addition to author. New York: Alfred A. Title is placed in quotation marks and is not underlined. Shaping Communities. 8. 8E. New York: National Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Asscociation. For articles. New York: Alfred A. For a book with editor. Devoto. Juan. Editor or other term is abbreviated and places after the name. No need to supply the real name. • name is not given nor ascertainable (do not use anon. compiler. For a book in a reprinted edition. enlarged and rewritten. corrected. 1986. Himstreet. 2002). 1984. and Baty. Ambrose. 7.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.. H. Mark Twain: Letters from the Earth. L. Place the name of the editor... 1997. “Revitalization of the City of Malolos. compiler. • With newspapers. Supplement 1. The word thesis or a similar term is used to label the work Dela Cruz. (September 2. For an unpublished work (thesis. 1911. compiler. Author’s name first. eds. 7th ed. Use the pen name of an author if that is what the title page shows. New York: Byron Preiss Visual Publication. Bernard. or translator after the title Twain. Edited by Henry Nash Smith. New York: Byron Preiss Visual Publication. book in draft). 6. William C. 1948. ed. Knoxville.. 13 .. Elizabeth Collins and Hudgins.] Instant Architecture. • name involves guesswork [Nesmith. Data on the reprinting publisher are given after the data on the original publisher. 12. Reprint. Tennessee: The University of Tennessee Press. For a book edition.. it is sometimes necessary to give the section number or name with the page number Clines. Knopf. 1995. 9. Mencken.” Undergraduate Thesis. 1991. L. or translator in place of author. 1958. 11. Cromley. Eleanor Lynn?] Instant Architecture. Inc. 1962. or volume. Wayne Murlin. 1995. 60-62. “The Mother Tongue Has a Movement. Mark. For a book with editor. Richard. Francis X. New York: Dover Publications. New York: Harper and Row. The Second World War. manuscript. Boston: Houghto Mifflin Co. Knopf. Neale Publishing Co. Boston: Kent Publishing Company. 1984). Carter L. Give title of article in quotation marks. For a book by an author with a pen name. 1958. 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. volume number and issue number and date and the inclusive pages that the article appeared on Lacayo. series. “Buildings that Breathe” Time Magazine. 4th ed. For a book with the author’s name not given • name known but not given on the title page [Nesmith.

Corwin. “A City with Its Own “Official Language. 14 . Use the style appropriate for the number of author/s For a computer software program. For repeated Bibliography items. When several works by the same author are listed in sequence. Punch. 3 • For when an article is continued Lacayo. 14. if known. “The Passive. “Buildings that Breathe” Time Magazine. but place between distributor and the year of publication.” Technical Communication. • Underline the title of program • Label Computer Software neither underlined nor enclosed in quotation marks. 16. you may repeat the author’s name. • Include name of distributor and the year of publication. . 83 For a work cited in another work. the number of units of memory. 2002). or use a line of 5 hypens in place of the author’s name. • Separate items with periods. 30:3 (October. Miles.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. 1985). 22. Jane R. • Add any pertinent information like the computer for which the software was designed. 60-62. Donald.GRLajom 13. (September 2. 17.’” San Francisco Chronicle (May 19. • Include the name of the writer of the program. 28:1 (First Quarter 1981) 19-20. For government documents. 251. In Bush. 1979). Richard. This is treated as a printed material. but with a reference to the source/site at the end of the entry. Follow the style shown for a book by an organization. 15. and the form of the program For an on-line information. Why Must the Passive Be Damned?” College Composition and Communication. Walpole.

architect. The following is a detailed discussion of the types of data to be presented and the manner it should be presented. You probably know now what the difference is between these two. 3. tabular or graphical form. whether in textual. You might be tempted to present several bits of information or a huge number of knowledge about the topics you are studying. you may be a bit lost about that. To give you a clearer picture. Ask yourself. A. Presentation involves organization. DON’T. you may do the following suggestions: 1. DATA MANAGEMENT After drawing a clear introduction and orienting your readers with the particulars of your thesis. It would also help if you would relate topics after topics so that you would establish the links between them. Conceptual data may be written ideas which you could use as basis for your study.S. it would automatically qualify and be accepted as data. Alright. This is not a mere tally nor collection of data. a. 15 .GRLajom chapter 2. you should be careful on what to present. haven’t you done this before when you were doing your research methods a year ago? Yes. Factual data are those information based on what is existing. PRESENTATION OF DATA Architecture is not in the empty building. 2. But hey.) Argentine-born U. You may have to come back to your good old junior year in high school to be able to understand this. It would be necessary to have proper sequencing of the data you will be presenting. Organize your data. not because an article or a clipping tells you about your topic. Recognize what data to present. but in the vital interchange between building and participant. etc. and their relevance to your thesis. to later on be connected to the main thing. Analyze the articles.Cesar Pelli (1926 . you are supposed to give them the “meat” of the book in this chapter.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. tables. Segregate the facts from the concepts. but here’s a more comprehensible way of looking at it. Are these really helpful? Are these important? Can I do without them? You see. It is necessary for you to know this so as you would determine which data can be processed and what are not. something which is of truth and reality. this is as simple as showing factual data to your readers. However. . PRESENT CONDITION It is inevitable to come up with basic data about your proposal. You are to give your readers a comprehensive report of the facts you have gathered during the course of your research. These come in statistical form. Sequencing would mean developing your data presentation from the simplest to the most complex ideas.

vehicular volume and Growth in Rice Production are just few samples of such. initially. This also includes the local government’s financial and fiscal administration. PHYSICAL DATA Macro-Site Data Political Boundaries Area and Land Uses Climate Adjoining Areas and Uses Access Micro –Site Data Boundaries Area Land Use Topography/ Landform Water Bodies and Quality Orientation in relation to solar paths and wind paths Vegetation Flora and Fauna Visual Resources Existing Structures 3. you have to take note that these are “statistical” data and so these are data. organizational structure. tourism. DEMOGRAPHIC DATA Present and Projected Population Population Distribution by: Age. 16 . Population. Structure. Economic Services This covers agriculture. Sex. SECTORAL DATA General Public Services This covers the administrative systems of the municipality. policy development and information management. Social Services This encompasses education. already processed. 1.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. labor and employment. health and sanitation.. Educational Attainment. projected income and employment opportunities. Ownership 2. Income Urban-Rural Population Distribution Population Density Growth Trends Literacy Rate Household Size Number of Dwelling Units by: Type of Construction Materials. Religion.GRLajom However. protective services and recreational facilities of the municipality. nutrition and population policies. social welfare.g. existing and projected uses of and demand for land. Employment. trade and industry. sports and manpower development. housing and community development. culture. by the agency where you got them. direction and pattern of growth of agriculture and industry. e.

lectures). transportation. PRIMARY DATA Primary data come from original sources. but rather consists of information that must be commented upon by succeeding topics. They are not commentary about the topic. Problems • Outlooks or envisioned future business environments • Players and Leaders in the Industry • Competition and Competitive Advantages • Opportunities for Improvement b. 4. Tactics that may be used to gather Primary Data include interviews. focus groups. nonparcipatory). 17 . traffic management. power. Following are some examples of industries that need to be studied relative to a number of thesis topics. sewage and drainage.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. communication. Technical/Technological. surveys and observations (participatory. Industries The housing industry Thesis Topics Subdivision development Community development Housing components and materials Commercial development Pharmaceutical Facilities Hospital Complex Sea Port development Multi-modal facilities Industrial development Production Centers Food processing plants Historic town renewal plans Information Technology Centers The retail sales industry The health care industry The transport industry The manufacturing industry The food industry The tourism industry The telecommunication Industry Some of the basic data that make up the industry profile are the following: • Current Standards of Operation • Accomplishments and Shortfalls vis-à-vis industry targets • Administrative/Organizational. telecommunication. INDUSTRY PROFILE This consists of pieces of information relative to particular industries or aspects of the economy. listening (to symposia. transport terminal. solid waste disposal.GRLajom Physical Infrastructure This includes the inventory of roads. drinking water.

Your readers may skip tables but pause to look at charts. think again. It attracts attention more effectively than tables. and.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Now. TABLES and GRAPHS You may have already identified these tables and graphs at the beginning of your book. therefore is less likely to be overlooked. compact and understandable form or forms. is a chart representing the quantitative variations or changes of a variable itself. This chapter may contain most of these figures but you are free to present some whenever the need in certain discussions arises.GRLajom Tactics Interviews • • • Interactive In-depth interviews Key informants interview Career histories • • Non-interactive Listening Focus Groups • • • • • Discussions guided to test in small groups Participants help construct the right questions Multiple sorting Projective surveys Participant observation Symposia Lectures Surveys Observation • • • • Non-participant observation stream of behavior Chronicles Field notes Visual mapping c. or quantitative changes of a variable in comparison with those of another variable or variables in pictorial or diagrammatic form. right? A graph on the other hand. but you might be wondering where these will appear. There are some advantages of using a graph over a table. We are architects and so these graphs and illustrations will always be our most effective tools in expressing our thoughts. If you think that they will all come in a single bulk in just a single chapter. Now. 18 . the question you might have in your mind is what are these tables? What about these graphs? A statistical table or simply table is defined as a systematic arrangement of related data in which classes of numerical facts or data are given each a row and their subclasses are given each a column in order to present the relationships of the sets or numerical facts or data in a definite. you may probably recognize a table when you see one. These are: 1.

Come on. Its general usefulness lies in the simplicity it adds to the presentation of the numerical data.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. e. d. Hundred percent graphs or charts a. Subdivided bar or rectangular bar graph b. They are generally inaccurate. more expensive and time consuming. But graphs have disadvantages as well as advantages. Duo-directional or bilateral bar graph e. c. Listed below are the varied types of graphs you may encounter: 1.GRLajom 2. It shows what is happening and what is likely to take place. 4. Further. It gives a comprehensive view of quantitative data. Linear graphs a. you can do it. Histogram 2. Statistical maps 6. 19 . Subdivided or component bar graph f. Single horizontal bar graph c. Circle or pie chart 4. Time series or chronological line chart Composite line chart Frequency polygon Ogives Band chart 3. Pictograms 5. Ratio charts You might just be copying these tables. incomplete. Single vertical bar graph b. A moving line exerts a more powerful effect in the reader’s mind than the tabulated data. b. Bar graphs a. But don’t you think it would be more fruitful on your part if you’ll be doing these by yourself? Why not? You might have already gathered your data and so you are in the right position to process them yourself and show your readers these data as you understand them. The use of colors and pictorial diagrams make a list of figures in thesis reports more meaningful 3. graphs can only be made only the data have been tabulated. graphs and charts as part of your presentation of data. Grouped or multiple or composite bar graph d.

you have to state in the SCOPE all the specific concerns that you will focus on. graphs and photographs would help you explain them better. a study of a case similar to the project (local and foreign). maps. But not all of these may be relevant to your project. user group. The difference is that with Case Studies. At least three TOPICS for study would be ideal -. That simply means that it is also YOU who can conduct the studies most effectively. CASE STUDIES This chapter is actually an extension of your Research Data.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom B. Just remember to provide proper captions or else. So. you have to make sure that all the specific concerns are discussed properly. If you think that sketches. you can discuss all those concerns that you will NOT be covering in the DELIMITATION. SCOPE and DELIMITATIONS As you study different cases. localities and situations and you might be getting information that may not be available in textbooks or previous studies. and their relevance to the project stated clearly. groups. To further clarify matters. Focus. and a study of 20 . for instance. This will give your reader a more simplified view of what to note in the cases under study. It is best. This is especially true for local cases that may have some connection with your project. It is also advisable that you choose cases that are related to your thesis in distinctly varied ways. You can discuss the situation by dividing it into sub components and presenting their respective merits. Do not forget that you are the one who has the best understanding of your project and what information you need from the case studies. social and economic frameworks. then use them to support your data. One case study may be concerned with a project similar to your proposal and another which employs a technology which is comparable to what you are proposing. in this case. You also have to discuss the extent of work that you will cover in regard to these elements. locality or situation is made up of several variables. CASE STUDIES Each case study can be presented by first explaining how they are related to your project. it would become evident to you that each structure. a.a study of similar user groups. to come up with at least one local study (besides the foreign one) so that it would be easier to determine the applicability and feasibility of foreign concepts in local settings. b. could cover its physical. A study of a municipality. you can use secondary data. cultural. historical. however. You might also be able to draw more reliable conclusions by studying both local and foreign cases. If you need information regarding structures or scenarios abroad (especially if you want to determine the applicability of certain theories and principles to the Philippines). should be on the variable that may be difficult to determine without actual reconnaissance. Lastly. they may be useless. you are analyzing existing related structures.

SUMMARY and RECOMMENDATIONS This is where you correlate and summarize all the factors that you have studied to see their implications to the project. you have to orient your readers why you choose the topics as your focal points of study. A common mistake here is that the contents of the research body are lifted from published work. do you need to write everything about behavior including the psychology of the human mind if your only concern is the behavior of a child? Just to inform your readers about the basic. please take note of the word TOPIC. How will you do this? First.GRLajom the current trend/s (local and foreign) pertinent to the project.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. this section will give your readers a great deal of what they will be reading as they go along with your thesis. It might also be useful to include a failed case that used the same technique or was intended for the same user group. in the end. being the “soul” of your book. This would require you to write the applicability of these topics to your project and so you should be wise in selecting the topics. But of course. C. to the problems posted in your statement. This should contain studies. If for example you are to discuss behavioral analysis as a research topic. Discussions should be paraphrased and again – for the nth time – properly acknowledged! The information should be brief and discussions well-organized. You have to go back to the background you have presented in Chapter 1 and stress the need for the topics to be studied so as to have a clear solution. the key is focus. RESEARCH TOPIC (or you can write the TOPIC TITLE) A research topic is something born with your thesis. Be very specific. Even failed cases are helpful in your research as they give you a fairly good idea of what NOT to do. You can very well do this by reiterating the roots of your problem(s). However. you should look into your thesis project and see the possible requirements or kind of character which will make it unique or increase its architectural value. why not? But the meat of the discussion should be on the psychology of 21 . and so they may come together as a package. we don’t want to be too idealistic here. Ideally these topics should be thought of before the project since these are basically the things of your interest. These research topics do not only explain the essential things about your study but clarify as well the theoretical or conceptual framework you mentioned in Chapter 1. Again. In selecting a research topic. You can end this chapter by recommending and endorsing concepts and approaches learned from the case studies according to their suitability to your project. c. completely! This is a big no-no! Any data or information appearing on this part will have to be processed and quoted. approaches as well as trends (of course acknowledged) relative to your topic. This does not mean that you have to limit your case studies to three also. In other words. with the source of your project hooked on these topics. Focus. THE RESEARCH BODY This is the thorough discussion regarding your research. But don’t be misguided.

It will be pertinent to note not only the theories on behavior but its application to the architectural sense as well. Focus! You may also want to mention cases and examples. but you must not discuss them fully as you would be required to do in the Case Studies. You still have to cross examine these data.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Check on its economic feasibility and other areas you might think is appropriate for study. Again. So go straight to the point. You may have to study theories on perception. you have to be specific. However. APPLICATION It was mentioned earlier that your research will not have any value or significance unless you connect it with a project which will manifest the studies made. This lecture was compiled from the following references: The Far Eastern University Architecture Thesis Manual Guide for Writing the Master of Architecture Thesis. color and space to support your documented research when applied to the “real thing”. This is the part where you relate your topics with your project.GRLajom children. Let us continue our example on the behavioral analysis. University of the Philippines 22 . Bear in mind that what you’ll be writing should be something which will give your readers a clear understanding of your thesis and not confuse them. you will not stop when you have given the application.

At least. This time. Keep this in mind: new view but not necessarily new problem. in a way. you have made the problem clearer and more specific than before. etc. You might need to come up with a NEW STATEMENT. all the facts just reinforced the problem you stated in Chapter 1. do not feel compelled to change your statement. Otherwise. on the other hand. so you might think that we’re going back to Chapter 1 here. IDENTIFICATION/ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS If you think that it is enough just to gather and present your data think again. RECOMMENDATIONS So. the needs you identify here should always be ones that can be satisfied by ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS.. psychological.GRLajom 3. All you have to do in this case is to RESTATE it. They will have no value unless they can be related to the project. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA A. discard them or process them so that although the root may be social. 23 . you have to present them along with your recommendations. You have the facts now. Your situation can have you viewing the problem in a new light. RESTATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Okay. This time. Just don’t veer too far from what you have previously stated.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. c. With the theoretical foundation that you’ve laid out in Chapter 1 and the factual components that you’ve presented in Chapter 2. they should anchor your thoughts to the ground. If. That simple. But remember. This may be a statement of what structure you have concluded is necessary to solve the problem. What do you do now? That would be what you will be discussing in this section. You have to reread the Statement of the Problem you formulated with only preliminary information and high hopes. Same goes if you think that there is a new design approach which has to be developed and used for the proposal. physiological. What you have to do in this chapter is “sift” through the information that you have presented in the previous chapters and come up with those that can serve as a basis for further developments. you’re right. b. you can very well analyze WHAT REALLY NEEDS TO BE DONE. the expressed needs and requirements are architectural. SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS a. If there are concepts and theories that need to be studied and discussed further so that you could arrive at the most effective design solutions.

Some points may be helpful here: 1. you can now determine its requisite site requirements and the possibility of having to seek for alternatives. you will have to discuss what features of a site -. in the end. b.. the site attributes that it requires and why. THE SITE It must be our primary concern as designers to find the most ideal combination of function and location. discuss each criterion intensively. Your focus should be on the appropriateness and feasibility of possible sites to the intended use. If it’s not. The “why?” is quite easy to answer. you have to conduct comprehensive analyses of the characteristics of the site and its surrounding areas. However.). There are several topics to be covered in this chapter. 24 . Stick only to the criteria that are most relevant to your project. etc.are best-suited to your requirements. For this chapter. Did you get them from a textbook? Did you so brilliantly come up with it on your own? Are you following standards set by a government agency? Or is it all of the above? Once you have stated your answer. a huge advantage if you can coherently state the character of your project. Don’t worry. At this point..GRLajom B. BACKGROUND With a reliable knowledge and a vision of your project proposal.. 2. size. brief your reader about pertinent matters in regard to it (location. Avoid vague statements such as “big enough”. you will have to conduct several types of studies at several levels to come up with the best site for your proposed project. You can add relevant topics but make sure that each one will be discussed clearly and thoroughly. And to determine this. And voila! There’s your SITE SELECTION CRITERIA. all the programs we use and the designs we produce can come to nothing. you will have to indicate how these factors and attributes will affect the project. Timedistances relations. for example. may mean the world to one project and have no effect whatsoever on another. We might struggle to create a very well-contrived plan but if the structure juts out like a sore thumb in its location. Be specific. If the site is given. therefore.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. at least acquaint your reader with your situation (or predicament?) and what you plan to do about it. Of course. don’t whine. but that does not mean that you will have a lighter workload than if you have to look for one.both natural and built -. “should be accessible”. Just tell the reader so and give him an idea of your game plan for your quest. Your site may be given. a. SITE SELECTION CRITERIA In this section. this is once again NOT a standard thing. The extent of what you will discuss here will depend basically on how important and influential the choice of site is to your project. It is.

Of course. But since an extensive analysis should be involved. and the MACRO SITE ANALYSIS which includes the examination of the site environs up to the horizon (sometimes even beyond). but in the end they will serve you better as useful design determinants. 25 .moderate constraint. This is usually done in two levels -. select the most ideal one. OPPORTUNITIES and THREATS in relation to your project) may be the best visual guide to the analysis. tell the truth. Start by pointing out their favorable and unfavorable aspects by BRIEFLY discussing each one. 2 . let’s say that you were lucky enough to find three possible sites for your project. This is the site that could meet the project requirements with the least modifications. yes. It will also enable you to relate these aspects to each other so that you can have a clear idea of your site’s potentials as well as its imperfections. SWOT ANALYSIS To most designers. when you would feel like you have to LIE about some of the factors. 4 . infrastructure and sensuous characters are presented. a tabulated SWOT analysis (defining its STRENGTHS. Yes. it is possible to learn how each factor influences the project at a deeper level. WEAKNESSES. the condition of various factors such as utilities. There will be times. Your site needs not be perfect.excellent condition). too. It might also simplify the work if you can try to evaluate the sites’ merits using a rating system (1 for severe limitation. But perfect? Not really. deeper analysis is still needed. They might sound like big limitations now. Try to see if the score in the rating system validates your choice. Be realistic. SITE ANALYSIS Although the Site Selection Process has already given your reader an idea about your site.GRLajom 3. It can give your reader an idea of how suitable the site is to the project with just one look.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. If some important elements are absent in your site.the MICRO SITE ANALYSIS which studies the specific area within the property boundaries and its immediate environs. The table on Figure 2 is a very effective tool in selecting the best possible site for your proposal. 3 good condition. Please DON’T. the better. d. natural elements. SITE SELECTION and JUSTIFICATION So. e. Do not seek qualities that would be impossible to find. Ideal. So. It is sometimes very tempting to limit the discussion of the effects to the most obvious and conspicuous. Then. say water system. In this analysis. a discussion of how these factors affect your project always follows. climate. that makes a location on top of a snow-capped mountain here in the Philippines totally out of the question! c. the more honest you are about them.

SITE SELECTION CRITERIA From Landscape Architecture: A Manual for Site Planning and Design By John Ormsbee Simonds New York: Mc-Graw Hill. police. storms. etc. shopping. depth) Water supply and quality Economy (rising. 26 . fertility.) Parks. planning) Freedom from noise.) Safety and security Medical facilities Governance Taxes Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) NEIGHBORHOOD Landscape character Lifestyle Compatibility of proposed uses Trafficways (access. wind. attractiveness) Schools Conveniences (schools. declining) Transportation (highways and transit) Energy (availability and relative cost) Landscape character Cultural opportunities Employment opportunities Health care facilities Major detractions (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and describe) COMMUNITY Travel (time-distance to work. fumes.) Soils (stability. rainfall. etc. etc. hazard.GRLajom Figure 2.) Travel experience (pleasant or unpleasant) Community ambience Schools Shopping Churches Cultural opportunities (library. etc. auditorium) Public services (fire. III. recreation and open space Exposure (sun. 1998 CRITERIA I. REGIONAL Climate (temperature. stable.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. service. Utilities (availability and cost) Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) Site 1 Site 2 Site 3 Site 4 Site 5 II. etc. storms.

severe limitation # .Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.condition good > . Some municipality.condition excellent Note: By substituting numbers for symbols. It is to be realized. 27 . that in some cases a single severe constraint or superlative feature might well overwhelm the statistics and become the deciding factor. provincial or even regional data may help but they should NEVER be the focus of this part. much less its only content. wind and breeze Views Privacy Freedom from noise and glare Visual impact of neighboring uses Visual impact upon neighboring uses Proximity to utility leads Site 1 Site 2 Site 3 Site 4 Site 5 LEGEND * .moderate constraint ^ . city. the arithmetic sum for each column would give a general indication of its relative overall rating. And remember that this is SITE analysis.GRLajom CRITERIA PROPERTY Size and shape (suitability) Aspect from approaches Safe entrance and egress On-site “feel” Permanent trees and cover Need for clearing Ground forms and gradients Soils (quality and depth) Relative cost of earthwork and foundation Site drainage Adjacent structures (or lack of) Neighbors Relationship to circulation patterns Relative cost of land and development Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) BUILDING SITE Topographic “fit” of programmed user Gradient of approaches Safe distance at entrance drive Orientation to sun. however.

local ordinances. in the end. flooding.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. local customs and community characteristics. g. You may begin this section by presenting a Code Survey. Of course. efficiency. codes and policies (or even international ones. These are often quantified and measured in terms of units such as speed. etc.). MAPS Base Maps Municipal or General Base Map Poblacion or Urban Base Map Base Maps for other Built-up Areas Vicinity Map Thematic or Analytical Maps Contour Map Soil Map Slope Map Land Capability Map Soil Suitability for Agricultural Uses Soil Suitability for Urban Uses Hydro-geologic or Groundwater Map Facilities/ Infrastructures Map Development Constraints Map (geologic. you will have to state how all these will affect your site. EXISTING STANDARDS Quality Standards Governing benchmarks that regulate the physical make-up of industry outputs. Aside from these.GRLajom f. 1. fault. rate. etc. Look for local laws. etc. strong coastal winds.) Special Projects Map Weather Map 2. 28 . These are often measured by getting feedbacks from users or consumers Performance Standards These are standards that regulate operations or ways of doing things. if necessary) that will help you define the limits of your development. FACTORS and ISSUES RELEVANT TO THE SITE These are factors and considerations in regard to the site that will be relevant to your project. you also have to identify and study other factors that are not based on the law. BASELINE STUDIES Baselines are starting points from which the design proper takes off. These would include phenomena which are natural to your site (flooding. They help paint the backdrop against which the research undertaking is being pursued. Baseline information can be the bases for formulating the parameters by which the outcomes of the research can be evaluated.

surrounding populations. geological soil and water surveys. heat reflection and storage. purity • Surface drainage patterns. Water • Existing water bodies . Climate • Regional data on variation of temperature. shade. social and political structure. sensitivity to change • Mapping of general plant cover. SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF THE OFF-SITE CONTEXT AND ITS CHANGES – geographic location. wind deflection and local breeze.variation and purity • Natural and man-made drainage channels . COLLATION OF EXISTING DATA such as contour maps. blockages. plant indicators • Sound level. cloudiness. engineering reports. ecological studies. official proposals. atmospheric quality. general economy. self-regulation. springs • Water supply . sketches. boring tests. ecological and hydrographic system. records and current controversies c. Press. smells 5. ledge. humidity. precipitation. Ecology • Dominant plant/animal communities . traffic studies. aerial photos. 1979 a. census materials. access system.elevation and fluctuation. Geology and soil • Underlying geology. PHYSICAL DATA 1. legal and public control documents. climate records.location and relative stability • Their dependence on existing factors. capacity. including wooded areas 29 . INITIAL PERSONAL RECONNAISSANCE – observation of the site’s apparent character. rock character and depth • Soil type and depth. land use patterns. market reports.I. social studies. photographs.GRLajom CHECKLIST OF SITE DATA From Site Planning by Kevin Lynch M. principal off-site destinations and facilities d. problem and possibilities presented through notes. solar angle. histories. b.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. air drainage.flow. undrained depressions • Water table .quantity and quality 3. Massachusetts. etc. slide and subsidence 2. Topography • Pattern of landforms • Contours • Slope analysis • Visibility analysis • Circulation analysis • Unique features 4. amounts. value as engineering material and as plant medium • Fill.T. wind direction and force • Local microclimates: warm and cool slopes. DATA ON THE SITE AND ITS IMMEDIATE CONTEXT A.

and other rights • Legal controls: zoning and other regulations • Economic values • Accepted “territories” • Political jurisdictions 4. electricity. quality. conflicts 5.2006 References: University of the Philippines Masters of Architecture Guide for Thesis-writing Draft of Far Eastern University Architecture Thesis Manual 30 . Classification of site by areas of similar structure. sound. Identification of key points.the dynamic aspect of the site 4. paths. preferences C. Man-made structures • Existing buildings: outline. CULTURAL DATA 1. type. Site values. capacity 7. participants. conflicts 3. vistas and visual focal points • Character and rhythm of visual sequences • Quality and variation of light. rhythm. capacity.): location. rights and restraints • Ownerships. condition • Utilities (storm and sanitary sewers. easements.GRLajom Specimen trees to be retained: their location. etc. location. stability. symbolic expression • Hopes.): location. smell and feel • B. Identification of significant problems and possibilities Thesis Manual. fears. and problems 2. telephone. spread. On-site and adjacent behavior settings: nature. DATA CORRELATION 1. condition. Sensuous Qualities • Character and relation of visual spaces • Viewpoints. rails. Past and future • Site history and its traces • Public and private intentions for future use of site. etc. transit. steam. wishes. species and elevation at base 6. water. lines and areas 3. Images • Group and individual identification and organization of site • Meanings attached to the site.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. gas. Resident and using population • Number and composition • Social structures and institution • Economic structure • Political structure • Current changes and problems 2. elevation. floor elevations. us • Circulation facilities (roads. location. Analysis of current and likely future changes .

this is an analysis and so you would not just list the activities.GRLajom C. ACTIVITY FLOW DIAGRAM As your project will cater mainly to its users.but not quite.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. The results of your case studies would probably be applied here. How will these affect the overall concept of your thesis? In what way can these behaviors be a tool in designing an effective working environment? Do you need to apply your knowledge in space engineering? The concepts of territoriality. it might be useful to your study to look into their patterns of activities as these would help determine the characteristics of spaces which will be provided for them. the pattern may have to be determined through direct observation. The pattern of activitiy will also create a basis for the interrelationships of spaces and. ENVIRONMENT-BEHAVIOR STUDIES Should your thesis have the behavior of the users as its main thrust. it is recommended that you have to go further and create alternative schemes or bubbles (variations of your design) and even zoning (based on the result of matrices) with circulation diagrams of various types of users. interviews or any first-hand procedure. they may be too flexible. this procedure will help you understand how the environment shapes behavior and vice-versa. INTERRELATIONSHIP ANALYSIS This is the simplest part of space programming-. and so you’ll have the tendency to overlook at the appropriate circulation. In the end. This is true for schools. It is also important to note the less obvious details in the pattern aside from those which are based on a given program or are easily discernible through observation.and it will not stop there. consequently. you should expand this part and have a thorough and in depth output. this would entail a comparative analysis of your users’ behavior with that of other paradigms. you are to give your readers a hint of why you’re discussing these things. 2. whether individual or group. You have to orient your readers of the variances 31 . Apart from identifying the activities and behavior of your users. defensible space and space bubbles are very helpful tools in analyzing the behavior of people in relation to the environment. the activity flow diagram may be governed by a given schedule. For some projects. well unfortunately. If you think that doing matrices and bubble diagrams would be too easy for you to do. Again. You may not only be dealing with the activities of the users for the time being but would most probably extend your analysis to the culture of these people. BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS 1. where the activities of the users as based on the scheduling of classes. you are encouraged to draw various schemes to present probable solutions. they’re not. Although such graphical instruments help facilitate the organization of spaces. For others. Moreover. 3. structures. for example. To avoid this. Again.

salaries for personnel. replication. laboratories.this covers all initial. Examples are: design development cost. Another way is to layout a scheme containing the furniture. D. Examples are: construction of production plants. construction/ development/ production cost Capital .these are expenses that are directly attributable to the completion of the project.g.GRLajom and indicate the advantages and disadvantages of each scheme so that you would not have the difficulty of explaining the design of your choice when later on tested against the concepts. You may also use basic standards from the National Building Code or other building standards and multiply these with the number of users. testing must be possible within the existing framework of expertise and tools by which the processes can be carried out. equipment purchase. Cost Project Cost . spaces.periodic or one-time expenses for repairs and facilities upgrading 32 . Production.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. one-time expenditures. land acquisition Operating . In this case. This may be most helpful for rooms requiring specific furniture as in hospitals. It can be a matrix which allocates specific variable depending on the activity e.All designers must work within a set of parameters based on the following: Technology The project must be realizable based on the available systems. pivotal and then coming up with the area. infrastructure and know-how. a. TECHNICAL VIABILITY & ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT The Technical Design Constraints . and circulation (of course in scale). There are different methods in programming spaces. Propositions must be grounded on theories that are sufficiently backed up by past research undertakings. the research output must include recommendations on the development of the proposed technology. rentals Maintenance . They are used to determine probable impediments to project realization and to identify measures by which these impediments may be minimized or eliminated. Remember to include the services and utilities.regular/periodic expenses such as utility bills. VIABILITY STUDIES Viability studies are undertaken to ascertain the possibility of the project getting implemented. It’s also possible that the proposed project is illustrative of new technology. factories and the like.

Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.pieces of light and heavy equipment needed for the production and operating stages must be available Site Conditions Location/ Surrounding Areas Land Area and Configuration Access Climate Landforms Topography Geology Soil Type Water Bodies Hydrology Oceanography Vegetation Atmosphere/Air quality Fish and Wildlife Visual Resources Danger/ Hazard prone areas Existing Structures Infrastructure Utilities Water Power Drainage N Communication Environmental Impact Assessment. an S-curve or a PERT-CPM diagram Phasing . required expertise. The results are used to weigh favorable 33 .the labor component. organizational requirements also need to be identified Equipment . sources and availability of needed building or product components need to be firmed up Manpower .project completion may be done in phases or in distinct time frames Gestation .a schedule showing how the project will progress over a projected duration must be shown.a lead-time or preparatory period may be needed before a project can fully take-off Resource Requirements Materials . Schedules may be in the form of a bar chart.An EIA is undertaken to compare scenarios with and without the proposed project.the types.GRLajom Time Timeframe .

Presidential Decree 957 Patent Laws/ Intellectual Property Rights – there are procedures for claiming ownership over intellectual properties in the form of creative work.0 12.0 14.0 2. Future Environmental Conditions without the Project (An average of five years projection) Prediction and Assessment of Impacts Contingency Plans Environmental Briefings and Monitoring Mitigation Measures Residual/ Unavoidable Impacts Information Deficiencies Appendices Consultation and Comments including Public Recommendations Details are in the attached Readings Considering that projects of all types and scale have varying degrees of environmental impacts. the Referral Codes. The physical dimensions cover ecological and technological concerns while the nonphysical dimensions cover the social. b.0 • Name and Address of Project Proponent Type of Project Overview Summary The Project Setting The Proposal A Brief History of Past Environmental Conditions and a Description of the Existing Environmental and Resource Use.0 15. The Environmental Impact Statement outline prescribed by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Batas Pambansa 220. Condominium Act. Batas Pambansa 344.0 11.0 9. economic and political concerns.0 10. cultural.0 5. 1. the EIA is used to identify ways by which unfavorable impacts may be mitigated.0 4.0 3. The word ‘environment’ here refers to both the physical and non-physical dimensions.GRLajom against unfavorable impacts of the project on the environment. inventions. LEGAL VIABILITY Projects must be developed and implemented within the existing legal framework that is defined by the following: Design Laws.0 6. Codes. Guidelines – examples are the National Building Code.0 7.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. ICOMOS.0 8.0 13. models and paradigms 34 .

then user charges must show a direct linked between the quantity of services and the revenues generated to finance their services. for various project types. FINANCIAL VIABILITY Sources of Funds Funds. Institutional Arrangements. etc. Recovery of investments could be through any of the following: Sales These are the proceeds from the outright disposal of completed products or its independent components. c.GRLajom Accreditation – there are also procedures for recognition prior to entry into the target market. Under perfect conditions. when the benefits are acknowledged by the beneficiaries. User Charges/ Rentals This strategy attempts to extract the amount required to finance services from those who benefit from their existence. Shared Taxation A tax is a compulsory contribution to government without reference to a particular benefit received by the taxpayer. Subsidy from general taxation occurs when there is 35 .Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.the particular public or private organizations and their roles in the network should also be clarified It would also be possible that the project is illustrative of the need to modify certain aspects within the existing legal framework.the type and level of networking required to effect project completion need to be identified Concerned Agencies.e. Investments of any form and origin need to be recovered and in most cases with an acceptable level of profit.. as allocated. Another legal concern has to do with the entities or personalities that will be tapped to develop and implement the proposed project. i. In this case the research output must include recommendations on how these modifications can be systematically effected. come basically from either public or private sources. The final price that is passed on to the buyer/consumer should cover the cost of production and the mark-up. For example the AITECH (Accreditation of Innovative Technology) is a task force that screens. evaluates8 and approves new technology for housing Other Laws. trading. laws that cover national defense.other laws that can directly or indirectly affect the project outcome are the Civil Code. taxation. Selling price is determined by market forces and by the prevailing ratio between supply and demand.

These terms specify repayment period. Financial Benchmarks Profitability The assessment of profitability is begins with the computation of the net income.e. i. Grants This form of assistance is usually given for pre-identified projects.GRLajom some degree of general benefit. Full cost-recovery is not always expected out of projects that are financed through grants. The total amount of loan is distributed over its life and..Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. conditions for use are normally stipulated. therefore. or where consumers cannot afford the full cost of a service that is regarded as essential to human welfare. mode of payment. interest rates and provisions for penalties. to successive beneficiaries. The bottom line figure is then used to compute for the following profitability ratios : Return on Investment (ROI) = Net Income Total Investment Project Life Profit Margin (PM) = Net Income Total Sales Gross Profit Ratio (GPR) = Gross Profit Total Sales 36 . which basically is equal to Total Revenues less Total Cost. Funding Terms Borrowings/Loans Large capital investments are usually financed by loans that are granted based on specific lending terms.

Refrain from naming specific spaces though. DESIGN PROPOSAL Take a deep breath.GRLajom d. Since this is the foundation of all that you will be conceptualizing from hereon. 37 . With just one look at the Proposal. you must also enumerate the specific functions that your project will perform and the specific activities that it will house. This should be done in the Programming part. you will be needing all the confidence you can muster as you forge through the next step: stating your DESIGN PROPOSAL. You’ve come a long way. Avoid words that may be too technical or too complex or too vague. Aside from this. Take a minute or two to congratulate yourself for what you have accomplished so far. Not yet.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. the Design Proposal should be discussed in the clearest and most coherent manner possible. Actually. you can say “a venue for the exhibit of native Filipino art” but you cannot say “museum”. the reader must have a good idea of what to expect in the translation. Remember: functions and activities only. For example.

Space programming is an exercise for the student to concretize the abstractions of space relationships into units of measure as well as the flow or circulation. Requirements would mean the needs of the project (users and systems) in terms of 3-dimensional spaces. since the discussion to follow will delve on the administrative structure of the proponent. you are to stick to the minimum requirements. Here. For the purpose of the thesis. This will give you and your readers an idea how a certain department works and interrelate with each other. thus requiring an active space. Analyzing the schedule of the activities would also be helpful. The main end of this exercise is to have a systematic presentation of all these requirements to later on be translated in into schemes and plans. Before you go deeper with the details of space programming. you have to come up with the possible areas for your project as a concrete solution to the things you discussed in the earlier part of your work. etc. These may be guided by legal standards or conditions informally set by the unit of analysis as dictated by the needs. Your organizational chart could be your best tool in doing this. It is the consolidation of all the requirements. this is an analysis and so you would not just list the activities and presto! You’re done with it! Apart from identifying the activities and behavior of your users. facilities. should the project need to provide areas for expansion. you are to give your readers a hint of why you’re discussing these things. Should your thesis focus on the behavior of the users as its main thrust. rules and regulations. you will find yourself identifying which units are active.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you should expand this part and have a thorough and in depth output. Again. BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS As your thesis will cater to its users. afterwards. and users. more than anyone else. standards. How will these affect the overall concept of your thesis? In what way can these behaviors be a tool in designing an effective working 38 . it would be appropriate to define the term for you. then it would be helpful if you could also explain what this organization does. Moreover. The visiting public would also share an ear with the analysis. spatial relationships. It would be difficult to understand and appreciate what you’ll write here if you don’t give your readers a background of your project. this would entail a comparative analysis of your users’ behavior with that of other paradigms. its purpose. let this be stated and taken into account. and which are not. In addition. you will enumerate the main departments or units and how they relate to each other. In doing so. In this part. Rules and regulations are the legal guidelines that you must follow in the course of the design. whether individual or group. it is but rightful to take a look into their activities as well as their operations if they move in an organization. You may not only be dealing with the activities of the users for the time being but would most probably extend your analysis to the culture of these people. PROGRAMMING This is perhaps the most important part of your thesis.GRLajom chapter 4. a. You have to indicate the magnitude and level of sensitivity of service to adequately and effectively provide a space for them. However.

it can be interchanged so as to fit the desired program. well unfortunately. as the term suggests is an analysis pertinent to the QUALITIES of your proposal which will inevitably become bases for the design. Qualitative analysis. Remember to include the services and utilities. You’re right! You will have to use the objectives in chapter 1 (goals). To avoid this. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS This has been proven as one of the most effective. Let us first deal with the first one. and later on translated to be a quantitative one. this analysis also comes in matrix form. if not the most effective way of programming spaces. You may consult the book Problem Seeking by Pena to further understand this discussion.GRLajom environment? Do you need to apply your knowledge in space engineering? You watch and see. they’re not. pivotal and then coming up with the area. factories and the like. Like the interrelationship analysis.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.and it will not stop there. INTERRELATIONSHIP ANALYSIS This is the simplest part of space programming-. You may also use basic standards from the National Building Code or other building standards and multiply these with the number of users. Therefore. This would have to do with five major concerns namely: (1) Establishing GOALS. laboratories. There are different methods in programming spaces. It can be a matrix which allocates specific variable depending on the activity e. and the proposed ideas (concepts) you have in the next chapter to do this. (3) Uncovering and Testing CONCEPTS. the data (facts) you have gathered in chapter 2. You have to orient your readers of the variances and indicate the advantages and disadvantages of each scheme so that you would not have the difficulty of explaining the design of your choice when later on tested against the concepts.g. The results of your case studies would probably be applied here. spaces and circulation (of course in scale). they may be too flexible and so you’ll have the tendency to overlook at the appropriate circulation. 39 . it is recommended that you have to go further and create alternative schemes or bubbles (variations of your design) and even zoning (based on the result of matrices) with circulation diagrams of various types of users. Again. All these concerns will have to be interacted with four (4) considerations: FUNCTION. You may notice that this programming method includes the basic steps in design or what you familiarly know as DESIGN PROCESS. which initially caters to the qualities of the project. This may be most helpful for rooms requiring specific furniture as in hospitals. (2) Collecting and Analyzing FACTS. (4) Determining NEEDS and (5) Stating the PROBLEMS. It is a two-fold analysis. and TIME.but not quite. ECONOMY. b. FORM. Provided with this manual is a sample table with possible issues for each concern. Although such graphical instruments help facilitate the organization of spaces. Another way is to layout a scheme containing the furniture. If you think that doing matrices and bubble diagrams would be too easy for you to do. you are encouraged to draw various schemes to present probable solutions. c.

Because all the inputs in this section will be taken from the Qualitative analysis. you read it right! NUMBERS. a laboratory and a drawing room under a single heading. OPERATION COSTS. etc. LIFE CYCLE COSTS. Remember. From the most basic computation of space areas to CONSTRUCTION COSTS.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. numerals and therefore computations. you may want to call a classroom. when you’re dealing with schools. numbers. These are general areas which can be specifically named in various terms. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS Like any other data. based on the qualitative analysis). What then would be the content of this part? You will be enumerating the areas which you think will be needed by your proposal (again. 40 . MAINTENANCE COSTS. Example. depending upon the function it will perform. It translates the qualitative matrix you did to a more tangible thing. That’s right. you could also deal with the analysis of the COSTING and RETURN OF INVESTMENT through concepts on funding and its possible revenue schemes. This is what a quantitative analysis does.something which can be grasped by the readers at once. a qualitative input would have to be translated into a more perceptible program to be understood and later be translated into a plan. say learning areas. While the qualitative speaks of the abstract.GRLajom d. Perhaps. Yes. This will contain the mathematical computations for your project. This way. you will only TRANSLATE on a quantitative evaluation. You may ask: why then can’t you go directly with the quantitative? The answer is simple. But you have to identify all these rooms as well since you will be determining the required number in the end. you can generalize the function of the space you are providing. figures. the quantitative talks of the more realizable output. the word is TANGIBLE. Quantitative analysis involves quantities.

This chapter will be your LINK to your translation in your bid for an architectural degree. Dictums of well-known architects (refer to your Theory of Architectural Design 02) will be a great deal of help for you in doing this part of your thesis. it may be YOUR OWN notions for the project. five. CAUTION: You may be tempted to use philosophies you already have used for your design plates when you were in your lower years. The things you’ll present here are the ones relative to your probable DESIGN. And two. a. Why not? But see to it that it would be applicable for your project you’re doing. you are able to conceive your own thoughts especially if you were the one who proposed the study. You could base your design objectives from the objectives of your thesis. though this may be your take-off point. These are the basic contents of your concept board. they should be FLEXIBLE.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you have to quote them and tell your readers so. AND you must understand them! “Form follows function” may be a cute cliché but WAKE UP! You CANNOT use it all the time.GRLajom chapter 5. You may have to go back to your objectives and see if you were able to meet them or restructure your concepts so that your readers will have a clearer vision of what you plan to do in your Design 10 (knock on wood!). Something you should have known now by heart. you are not going back to your chapter 1 and rewrite the objectives and goals you have written there. Meaning. Philosophies do this. who may have studied the same topics you’re dealing with and defined ideas appropriate for your study. these are more FOCUSED on the DESIGN aspects of your project. you have established the theories and the concepts you’ll need for your proposal. Yes. 41 . single composition. and vice versa. you can be a philosopher. On the contrary. living or not. wait! These do not only pertain to the possible appearance of the structures but the overall objectives of the design as well. In other words. See. Philosophies are NOT FIXED. What do you wish to do with your structures? How would you like the systems to go? What would you like to achieve at the end of your translation? Hey. There are two types of philosophy. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Sure. but it wouldn’t be enough to just have them and let loose of the unifying thing in work. SYNTHESIS You’re almost done! This is the phase where you summarize all that has been done in the book. These are the bases of your ideas for the proposal. But take note that these are DESIGN goals and objectives – different from the goals and objectives of your STUDY. How about that for a push?! The discussions to follow may not be new to you for you have been doing this for the past four. a guiding dictum which gels your proposed work into one. coming from a person. or more so years in your stay in the institute. DESIGN GOALS and OBJECTIVES Nope. b. they must bend to where they should go and reflect the design you would like to have for your project. One. why not? And so. perhaps you now realize that there REALLY IS a difference after all. Thus.

how well did you fare in remembering them? You don’t have to use all five at the same time. DESIGN CONCEPTS Concepts are thoughts concerning the way several elements or characteristics can be combined into a SINGLE THING. This only means that the concepts you will be providing will somehow wrap up the totality of your design program. Do you still remember the discussion in the framework? While that framework will be your THRUST. Most of the time. You view the project as a universal one – something which will be a universal solution for even a general problem So. Essences The whole program that you have for your thesis. Analogy (looking at other things) Here you identify possible. Programmatic This is what you have been doing all the while in your lower design subjects. You tend to look for a desirable characteristic of an object and make this as the model for your project. complicated as it is.a short essay that tie together all the important factors and ideas that influenced the design solution. Ideals Here you look at the universality of the concept. It has to connote insights. is explained in terms of terse. explicit statements. And they should go hand in hand to effectively work together – the framework and the concepts. 2.GRLajom c. See if you can still remember them: 1. the Design Concepts will be the BACKBONE of the ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN. You just have to choose which of them fits your thesis. Metaphors and Simile This type of concept also identifies relationships between things. a concept also identifies how various aspects of the requirements for a building can be brought together in a SPECIFIC thought that DIRECTLY influences the DESIGN and its CONFIGURATION. where you write the problems. In that way you directly respond to the stated requirements. 5. You may have to establish certain patterns of parallel relationships. state your philosophies and come up with a concept at the end. come up with the objectives. the relationships are abstract rather than literal. However. Basically there are five (5) types of concepts in architecture. here’s a review of your design concepts. It may also be something which discovers the roots of the issues. this comes with a conceptual scenario. 42 . 3. meaning. If not. In architecture. 4.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. This may be simple for you to understand if you were getting high grades in your concept boards in your past design subjects. and your personal accounts for the project. literal relationships between things.

Security. DESIGN PARAMETERS All done! All you need to do now is check the existing standards applicable to your thesis for translation. It would involve an explanation along with a long list of the laws. Having established the guidelines would only mean you’re ready to go to your drawing board and translate this book into ARCHITECTURAL PLANS. Building Orientation. you are to state the things you would have to consider in doing your design. 43 . And as the term conveys. Circulation. These will comprise your design parameters. Yes.GRLajom d. You may also want to call these as Design CONSIDERATIONS. and Economy may be the factors you would be looking at here. You may have to be guided with legal documents and follow pertinent laws to do this.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. This applies both to the structures and its immediate environment (both the micro and the macro). rules and orders governing such considerations. But it would not just end in writing these headings. you’re right again! This part will be your DESIGN GUIDELINES which will tell your readers as well the restrictions for your project. Accessibility.

TRANSLATION Don’t get too excited. You know what we mean. So good luck! Aim to do chapter 6. ☺ 44 . You may have to wait for the next semester to see the contents of the discussion on this.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom chapter 6.

Design of Interior Environments d. the theme for the thesis shall be FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE IN RESPONSE TO THE GLOBAL SCENARIO. Urban Renewal c.GRLajom GUIDELINES FOR THE THESIS BOOK • THEME For this academic year. THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT a. Architectural Innovations d. DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION A copy of the Final Draft of the Thesis Book shall be submitted not later than 5:00 in the afternoon. Principles of Scale and Proportion c. Ergonomics c. Architecture in Response to Natural Phenomena 2. ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY a. 1. • RESEARCH TOPICS The student can choose any three (3) from the given list of research topics. “Intelligent” Building Design b. THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF ARCHITECTURE a. THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE a.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Anthropometrics b. Theories of Territoriality and Defensible Spaces 5. THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT a. Psychological Effects of Spaces b. Sick Building Syndrome d. Environment-Behavior Studies 3. The student-proponent shall have to come up with a thesis which will embody concepts and design solutions that are locally feasible and globally competitive. Tropical Design c. Interior Architecture e. Filipino Architecture 4. Green Architecture b. These topics should provide adequate foundation for the title/proposal. High-rise Structures • TIMETABLE FOR SUBMITTALS A schedule of submittals will be provided by the Thesis Advisers to guide the students in programming their activities with respect to given deadlines. Historical Preservation b. Proxemics d. Failure to submit the Book on time shall mean automatic disqualification for AR 541543D (Architectural Design X). fourteen (14) days before the Finals Week of the first semester. Indigenous Technology c. Social Engineering d. • 45 .

If there are recommendations. The Jury grade shall comprise 60% of the student’s final grade for the book while the Adviser shall give the remaining 40%. A member of the Thesis Council shall compute the grade. on the other hand. shall have maroon cover with silver letters. and. A copy of the Schedule will also be posted on a visually accessible bulletin board. A Schedule of Thesis Book Defense will be distributed to the Thesis Classes a week before the first presentation. The proponent should come 30 minutes before his/her schedule to defend. Those who will come 30 minutes after their schedule shall not be allowed to defend anymore.0 cm) Orientation: Landscape Language: English Text Format: General 12 Times New Roman Subtitles 14 Times New Roman Bold Titles 16 Times New Roman Bold Margins: Left 2 ½ inches Right 2 inches Top 1 inch Bottom 1 inch THESIS COVER FORMAT A uniform pattern for the cover of the Thesis Book must be followed. Each student shall be given 15 minutes to present the Book. • GUIDELINES FOR ORAL DEFENSE OF THESIS BOOK • SCHEDULE OF DEFENSE The Final Draft of the Thesis Book shall be defended one week before the Finals Week for the first semester. The cover shall also be in landscape format using the text font and sizes as indicated in Figure – If the academic year ends in an even numbered year. • MANNER OF DEFENSE The Thesis Book shall be presented by the proponent in front of a Panel of Jurors using MS PowerPoint. which will come from the performance 46 .7 x 21. After which the Jurors shall assess the merits of the Book and give their grade for the Defense. Thesis books submitted in even numbered years. the cover shall be white with maroon letters.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. therefore shall get a failing grade for the Defense.GRLajom • THESIS BOOK FORMAT Size of paper: A4 (29. A compact disk containing the presentation shall be submitted after the deliberation. these shall be read by the Adviser who shall also announce whether the Proponent passed or failed the Oral Defense. Questions coming from the Jurors may be answered in another 15 minutes. This shall be done to inform the students of their individual schedule and give them adequate time to prepare for their Defense.

FEES Each student shall pay the amount of five hundred pesos (P 500. The grade for the Oral Defense shall be based on the following criteria: Content Presentation Oral Graphical 60% 20% 20% 100% • DRESS CODE The proponents are strictly required to wear the prescribed school uniform including his/her identification card during the Book Defense.00 – one week before the Book Oral Defense • 47 . being the regulating body in this procedure.GRLajom and submittals of the student during the course subject.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.00) at the Dean’s Office for the deliberation of the Book. Since the grade for the book comprises 75% of the grade in Ar 551-553D. a failing grade in the Book Defense will certainly mean automatic disqualification for the next Architectural Design subject which is Ar 541-542D. • PANEL OF JURORS A panel of jurors composed of faculty members from the Department of Architecture shall deliberate on the merits of the Book. • DELIBERATIONS GRADING SYSTEM The Jury’s grade will be based upon a set of criteria which was previously presented and agreed upon by the Thesis Class. The Thesis Council. The jurors shall be selected so that the schedule of defense will not be in conflict with the schedule of their classes and other co-curricular activities. is excluded from sitting as members of the panel.00 – before the Proposal Clarification P 250. The Panel of Jurors shall be composed of not more than three architects from the Department of Architecture. a failing grade for the book shall also mean failure in Ar 551-553D and disqualification from the next Architectural Design subject which is Ar 541-543D. Knowledge and/or exposure to the respective research topics will be the primary criteria for the selection of Jury members. Therefore. This grade will represent 60% of the student’s final grade for the book. This amount is broken down into two scheduled payments: P 250.

3. OFF-SITE UTILITIES Estimate 3% to 5% of building cost 9. OUTDOOR SPORTS FACILITIES Estimate lump sum per unit per type 7. Estimate per slot. LANDSCAPING Estimate 1% to 2% of building cost 11. PARKING Refer to required ratio to get number of parking slots. OUTDOOR LIGHTING Estimate pedestrian lighting 1% of building cost. SITE PREPARATION Estimate 1% to 3% of building cost 2. WALLS AND SCREENS Estimate . OUTDOOR EQUIPMENT Estimate lump sum 12. ROADWAYS Estimate per linear meter 4.5% of building cost 10.GRLajom GUIDELINES FOR SITE DEVELOPMENT COST From Problem Seeking by William Pena 1.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. parking lighting lump sum per car 48 . STORM DRAINAGE Estimate .5% to 2.5% of building cost 6.5% to 2. ON-SITE UTILITIES Estimate 1% to 3% of building cost 8. SIDEWALKS AND TERRACES Estimate 1% to 7% of building cost 5.

Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Since this is the foundation of all that you will be conceptualizing from hereon. the Design Proposal should be discussed in the clearest and most coherent manner possible.GRLajom DESIGN PROPOSAL Take a deep breath. you must also enumerate the specific functions that your project will perform and the specific activities that it will house. You’ve come a long way. Refrain from naming specific spaces though. Take a minute or two to congratulate yourself for what you have accomplished so far. 49 . For example. you can say “a venue for the exhibit of native Filipino art” but you cannot say “museum. Avoid words that may be too technical or too complex or too vague. With just one look at the Proposal. you will be needing all the confidence you can muster as you forge through the next step: stating your DESIGN PROPOSAL.” Not yet. Actually. Aside from this. the reader must have a good idea of what to expect in the translation. Remember: functions and activities only. This should be done in the Programming part.

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