Price: Pediatric Nursing, 10th Edition

Open Book Quizzes Chapter 2: Growing Children and Their Families

1. Homozygous refers to when a person is carrying two members of a pair of genes with same genetic instructions. Heterozygous refers to when a person is carrying two genes that carry different instructions. 2. An advantage of chorionic villi sampling over amniocentesis is that it can be done earlier in pregnancy, usually at 9 to 12 weeks of gestation. 3. The stages of growth and development are newborn or neonate; infant; toddler; preschool; school age; and adolescence. 4. Children require more calories, minerals, vitamins, and fluid in proportion to weight and height than do adults. 5. Body mass index (BMI) is calculated with height and weight measurements. Metric: BMI = (weight [kg]/height [cm] × height [cm]) × 10,000. English: BMI = (weight [lb]/height [in] × height [in]) × 730. 6. Piaget’s four orderly and distinct stages of intellectual maturity are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations. 7. Preconventional phase: children operate on a level of obedience to parental authority, and behavior is driven by a wish to avoid punishment. Conventional level: the child is interested in pleasing others, and there is a need to maintain social order in society by maintaining law and order. Postconventional level: moral principles are developed that can be used to solve complex moral and ethical dilemmas.

Copyright © 2008 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc.

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