k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh

jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

Kd; D iu
fp.K. Kd;whk; Ehw ; w h z ; L Kjy; k `ht p`h uitr ; tuyhw ; W xU r hh ; e ; j Gj ; j g p l ; R f ; f s ; > = y q ; f hi tg ; g w ; w p a tuyhw ; W f ; Fwpg ; G f ; f is me;;j j w ; f h yj ; j p y ; v Ojg; g l ; L s ; s E h y ; Nghy v Ojp i t j ; j p U e ; j d h ; . I e ; j h k ; Ehw ; w h z ; b y ; Fwpg ; G f ; f s ; mjw ; F midj ; i j A k ; ; K d ; g h f Nt vd;w n fhz ; N l vdwhYk;> xd;wpizj;J t u y hw ; W Ehyhf Gj ; j g p l ; R k ` h j P u k ` h d k h v d ; g t u ; vOjpdhh;.
(Mahavamsa

k`h tk ; r ngahpy ;

mj; j f ; f jh xU Ehy ; me ; j

Atthakatha)

vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ Ehiy

k`hjPu

k`hdkh

mbg ; g ilahff ;

jd;Dila

Ehypid

vOjp cs ; s hh ; v d ; g j w ; F M j h u k ; cs ; s J v d t py ; ` k ; f P [ u ; ( W i l h e l m G e i g e r ) v d ; g th ; n j h p t p j ; J s ; s hh ; . k ` htk ; r kpf mj ; j f ; f j h vd;w Ehiyj ; jOtp jPgtk;rh tuyhw ; W 2 00> 000 960 37 Mk; Kjy; 79

( D i p a v a m s a ) v d ; w n g ahpy ; v Ojg; g l ; L s; s k w ; n whU Ehy ;

vspikahf mjpf n fh z ; l

v Ojg ; g l ; L ms tpy ; mjpfkhf me;j v dTk ; >

,Ue; j h Y k ; > mjpy ; ,y ; i y . cs ; s > 38

nra;jpfs; gf ; f q ; f s ; gFjpfs; tiuapyh d

t hh ; j ; i j f S f ; F k ;

Rkhh ;

tuyhw ; W

Ehy pd; ; Kjy;

k`htk;rk; gFjpfs;

Fytk ; r k ; - 1

(Culavamsa)

v dTk; >

gFjpfs ; 80 K j y ; 1 0 1 tiu Fytk ; r k ; - 2 v d T k ; g p u p j ; J vOjg ; g l ; L c s ; s d. k ` htk ; r j ; j p d ; Mwh k ; Kjy; g hfk; mDuhjGuj ; j p y ; k`hek fp. gp.

Ehw ; w h z ; b y ; ,Ue; j

‘ntd;

k`hjPuh

(Ven. Mahanama Maha Thera)

v d ; g tupd h y ; v O j g ; g l ; l J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-2m tu ; 46 0 Kjy; Nrh;e;j jLNrdh 478 tiu Mz;l k `htp `hu vd;w gpuptpd;; khkd; tk ; r htspia kd;ddhd Mtu;. mtu; v Ojpa midj ; J k ; tpl ; l J . ,Ue; j J K d ; g pUe; j kd;dd; 3 7.5 0 Mk; g FjpAld; ; Ie;J gpd;gw;wpNa ];jhgpj;J Kjy; kd;dd; tiuapy hd jpfre;j N r dhgjp

(Dhatusena),

vd;gtUila

Kbtile;J vOjg;gl;L Mz;l fp.g p.

mt Ui l a vd;whYk;

E hy ;

Ehw ; w h z ; L f S f ; F

j P g tk ; r hit y q ; f hi t tp[ah Ml;rp Nru;e;j

Nguu rh ; f s h d ehd;fhk;

(Vijaya)

E hw ; w h z ; i l

k`hNrdhtpd;

( Ma h a s e n a)

nra;jpfisj; mJ je;jJ. fp.g p. g j p % d ; w h k ; Ehw ; w h z ; b y ; v O j g ; g l ; L s ; s Fytk ; r h vd; w k`htk;r Ehy pd; gy; Ml;rp ,uz ; l hk; te;jJ fhyk ; ,ij vd;gJ gFjp> Kjy; ehd ; f h k ; Ngu urd; tiuapyhd Njuh mij jtW> Ehw ; w h z ; b y ; nra;jpfis jk ; k f p j ; j p G dpjg ;

g u h f ; f pukgh `_tpd ;

n jh ptpf ; f pd; w J.

vOjpatu;

(thero Dhammakitti )

cz ; i k a p y ; g y ; NtW J w t p f s ; v Ojp , Ue ; j p U e ; j dh ; vd Muha ; r ; r pah s h ; f s ; $ W f p d ; w dh ; . 1 8 15 Mk; Mz;by; M q ; f pNyau ; =yq;fh f hy K Oti j A k ; fl;lj ; j p y ;

gilnaLj;J

M f ; f pu kpj ; J f ;

nfhz ; l

mj d ; K d ; w h k ; g F j p v O j g ; g l ; L s ; s J. 1 837 Mk ; Mz; L ; k`htdk ; r ht pd; m r ; r bf ; f g ; g l ; l K j y ; M q ; f pyg ; gjpg;ig rp Nyhd ; rKf Nrit gpuptpy;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-3gzp Mk; Gup e ; J Mz;by; fP[u; n f hz ; L ; ,Ue; j [hu ; [ ; 1 9 30 vd;gtu; lh ; d u ; Mk;
(George Turnour )

vd;w

tuyhw ; W

Mrpupau;

nts papl ; l hh ; .

19 12

k`htk;rj;ijAk;> mjpfhu G+u ; t k h f
(Wilhelm Geiger)

Mz;by; nkhopapy ;

Fy tk; r hitAk ; t py ; ` k ;
Bode )

n[h;khdpa

ntspa pl ; l h h ; .

mi j n jh l h ; e ; J Nkgy ; N` d] ; Nghh ; N l ( M a b e l H a y n e s v d ; g u ; m i j r p w p J k h w ; w p v O j > k P z ; L k ; tpy ; ` k ; n jh lh;e; J kpfg; gy ngUk ; n tspah d t u Ntw ; i g kw;Wk; k`htk;rk; ngw ; w J gyu; kl;Lk; vOj f P [ u ; me ; j Ehyp d ; GJg ; g j p g ; i g n t s p a p l ; l h h ; . j P g tk ; r fh t pa j ; i j j ; k f ; f s pil Na ,d;wp ,d; D k ;

nra ; j p f i s

J h z ; L Nf hyhapw ; W . g y ; N tWfhy Ehy;fs;> (Vihara fl ;l j ; j p y ; fhY m t ; t hW
(Attana-galu),

vOjg;gl;l

gpw vY

ml;ld
V a m s a )>

tp `hu tk ; r h vY Nghjp tk ; r h

jJtk;rh

(Dhatuvam sa)>

m l ; l df hYtk ; r h ( E l u - A t t a n a g a l u v a m s a )> (Elu-Bodhivamsa)> Jg tk ; r h (Thupavam sa)> jhyjtk;rh

k ` h Nghjp tk; r h ( M a h a B o d h i v a m s a )> ( D a l a d a v a m s a )>

kw ; W k ; t p ` h u t k ; r h ( V i h a r a v a m s a ) Ng hd; w i t M F k ; .

k`htk; r Ehypd; ngUik
k`htk;rk; n g h pa Jk ; > vd;w k `h td ; r h vd;w ,e;j ,e; j tuyhw ; W 25 00

Eh Ny cyf py ; vOjg ; g l ; L s ; s tuyhw ; W Ehy ; f s py ; kpfg ; goikahdJkhFk;. Ehy ; Mz ; L f S f ; f h d r u pj ; j p u j ; i j vL j ; J f ; $ W f p d ; w J. ,e; j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-4Ehy ; t hyp kl;Lk; rha h vOjg;glhky; (k`h gw;wpa , Ue ; j p U e ; j h y ; ; N[jt dh> = y q ; f htpy ; mg ; g p a h f p u p cyfk ; Kjy; gzp v O g ; g g ; g l ; L s ; s k h n g U k ; epi dT r ; r pd; d q ; f shd &t d ;
Jhgh)>

N g h d ; w tw; i wg ; Mz;L M q ; f pyg ;

nra ; j p f i s

,e; j

mwp e ; J n f hs ; s tha ; g pd; w p g ; Ngha ; ,Uf ; F k ; . 18 37 M k ; mr ; r bf ; f g ; g l ; l gjpg;ig rp Nyh d ; k ` h t k ; r hTila rKf Nri t gpuptpy;

G u p e ; J n fh z ; L ; ,Ue; j [hu ; [ ; bA +dh ; ( G e o r g e T u r n o u r ) v d ; w tuy hw ; W M r p u p a u ; n tspap l ; l hh ; . 1 91 2 M k ; M z ; L k`htk;rj;ij
( Wilhelm Geiger

n [h ; k h d p a vd;gtu; vd;gu; rw ; W Nkgy ;

nkhopapy ; n tspapl ; l hh ; . N `d] ; khw;wp vOj

t py ; ` k ; mij Ngh h ; N l mjd ;

fP[u; gpd;dh;
(Mabel

)

M q ; f py

n kh opapy ;

Haynes Bode )

khw;Wg;

g j p g ; i g k P z ; L k ; f P [ u ; v d ; g tu ; n t s p a p l ; l h h ; ; . =yq;fhtpd; Nghjid ];jhgpj;j tuyhw;W Ehyhd nfsjkh; k`htk;rk; Gj;j Kjy;; fhyk; kj-rka kjj;ij vg;gb

Ehy;

,y;iy

vdpYk;

rpj;jhh;j

xt;xU fhyj;jpYk; Gj;j kjk; jioj;Njhq;fpaJ vd;w n r a ; j p f i s Ak ; tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. g y ; N tW guk;giufisg; t psq ; F fpd; w J.
(Maurya
emperor

tpsf;Fk; mJ kl;Lk; Mz;L

Kf;fpakhd my;y ,J nfhz;L

EhyhfNt ,e;jpahit ,Ue;j eL mu r eLN t

fhyq;fspy; gw;wpa

nra ; j p f i s A k ; Mz;l Ngh d ; w kd;dd; k hng Uk;

v L j ; J f ; fh l ; L t j h y ; m J tuyhw ; W rpwg ; G k p f ; f E hyhf kA+uj;ij
A s o k a)

m Nrhfi d Nguu ruhd Ml;rp

gw;wpAk;>

myf ; ] hz ; l h ;

(Alexander)

kd;ddpd;

g w ; w p A k ; n r a ; j p f i s j ; n j h p t p f ; f p d ; w J. , d p n j h l u ; t J t u y h w ; W g ; g hf q ; f s ; … … … …. .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-5nghUslf; f k;
gf; f k;
01: jhlfhjh tp[ak; 0 2 : k ` h r k j h tk ; r k ; 03: Kjyhk;; MNyhrid rig 04: ,uz;lhk; MNyhrid rig 05: Kd;whk; MNyhrid rig 06: tp[ad; tUif 07: tp[ad; KbR+ly; 08: ghz;LtRNjth KbR+ly; 09: mgah KbR+ly; 1 0 : g h z ; L fg h a h K bR + l y ; 11: kd;dd; Njtdhk;gpa jp];]h 12: mz;il ehl;by; kjkhw;wq;fs; 13: k`pd;jh tUif 1 4 : j i y ef u ; ; t U i f 15: k`htp`huh Vw;G 16: nrbagg;gjh tp`huh Vw;G 17: Gdpjr; rpd;dk;; 1 8 : N g hj p k u k ; f p i lj ; j J 1 9 : N g hj p k u k ; ] ; j hg d k ; 20: Gj;j jPuh;; rkhjp 21: Ie;J kd;dh;fs; 22: ,sturh; fhkpdp gpwg;G 23: Nghh;g; giltPuu;fs;; 24: rNfhjuu;fspd;; Aj;jk; 25: jj;jfkhdp; ntw;wp ngw;whh; 26: khupftl;b tp`huh 2 7 : N y h `g h j ] h G d p j r l q ; F 28: ];Jhgp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

007 018 023 028 037 072 079 089 093 097 110 115 122 125 134 158 161 169 176 185 191 195 204 214 220 233 237 241

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-6gf; f k;
2 9 : ] ; J h g p ] ; j hg d k ; 30: Gdpj miw 3 1 : G d p j r p d ; d ] ; j h g dk ; 3 2 : J h r p j nr h h ; f t h r y ; 33: gj;J kd;dh;fs; 34: gdpNdhU kd;dh;fs; 35: gd;dpuz;L kd;dh;fs; 36: gjp%d;W kd;dh;fs; 37: kd;dd; kN`rd; 246 254 265 279 290 302 312 326 339

G j ; j fa h t p y ; G j ; j u ; Q h d k ; n g w ; w ,l j ; j p y ; c s ; s k ` h N g h j p M y ak ; k w ; W k ; N g h j p k u k ;
e d ; w p : g p u p b \ ; i y g ; g p u u p ( B r i t i s h L i b r a r y)
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-701: jhlfhjh tp[ak;
nfsjk Gj; j h p d ; = y q ; f h ahj ; j p i u Gdpjg; gwtp vLj;j rk;krk;Gj;jUf;F nfhz;l Kbe;jtiu $wj; rk;gtj;ijf; xNu vd; gzpthd ,e;j ve;jtpj ftdj;Jld;> $l tplhky; gy nra;jpfs;

tzf;fq;fisj; fhtpakhd g p i o fS k ; Kw;fhyj;jpy; k`htk;r tpupthf me;j cs;s ,d;g

njhptpj;Jf; ,y;yhky; Kdptu; rpW

gpd;

kfhtk;rj;ij

J t q ; F f p d ; N wd ; .

ngUkf;fspdhy;

fhtpak;

vOjg;gl;bUe;jjpdhy;; F i w g hL fi s f ; Ghpe;J ,e;j fise;J>

,lq;fspy; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; $wg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. MfNt kpf gbj;J nrhy;y v s p i k a hf vOjg;gl;L kdjpy; K b a hj midtUk; nfhs;Sk; fhtpaj;ij %yk; ,jaj;jpy; kdjpy; tifapy;

itj;jpUg;gjpd;

czh;itAk;>

Nguhde;jj;ijAk;

ngw;wpLtPu;fs vd;gjpy; re;Njfk; ,y;iy. rk;Gj;j jPghq;fuhit ( Sambuddha Dipamkara ) Kd; xU fhyj;jpy; j P i k fs p y ; Rkd;dh> jhjfhj jk;kjh]p> re;jpj;j ,Ue;Jf; Gj;j Nutjh> gJkh> rpj;jj;jh> ek; Gdpjh; ,e;j vd cyif rgjk; rk;Gj;j fhg;ghw;WNtd; Kdptu; ehujh> R[hjh> jp]h>

G+z;lhh;. mJ Nghy mtu; Nfhjd;dh< Kdptu; kq;fyh> Nrhgpjh> rk;Gj;j gPajh]p> ntw;wp mNdhkjh]p> gJKj;juh> ml;ljh]p> tPuuhd G]h>

RNkjh>

tpg h r p > r k ; G j ; j r p f ; f p > r k ; G j ; j t p r g ; G k w ; W k ; r k ; G j ; j h Ng h d ; w t i u A k ; N g hw ; w p t z q ; f p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-8f h f r d ; j h ( K a k u s a n d h a) > N f h d f h k d ; d h NkYk; %yk; Gj;juhfg; mwpe;J midj;Jf; G+uzkhfr; nra;J Qhdk; (Uruvela) mile;J cyh vDk; cyfpd; te;jhh;. nfsjkuhf kuj;jbapy; midj;Jg; kfj Gdpjh; tUq; fh]g;gh fhyj;jpy;
(Kassapa)

Nghd;w ,Ugj;jp ehd;F rk;Gj;jh;f s; jhd; NghFk; nfhz;ltu; cz;ikia jd;Dila f li k fi s A k ; Kbj;jg; gpd;du; Jilf;f cUtpyh xU Nghjp thuq;fs; ehl;by; VO J a uq ; f i sj ;

,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mq;F nfhz;l khfhd;> mlf;fp Gyd;fisAk;

mku;e;J

itj;jpUe;J>

I k ; G y d ; f i s A k ; f l ; L g ; g L j ; j p f ; n f hz ; L x U t p r h f k h j ngsu;zkp jpdj;jpy; gupG+uz Qhdk; mile;jhh;. jkf;F Vw;gl nfhs;s Jd;g ,Ue;j Qhdj;ij K d ; d Nu mtuhy; mtu; $l mtuhy; czh;e;J ,d;g itf;f nrd;W Kbe;jpUe;jjpdhy; czh;r;rpfisf; mjd; gpd; jk;Kila

fl;Lg;gLj;jp thuzhrpf;Fr;

Kbe;jpUe;jJ. nfhz;L Jha
(Bhadda)

nta;apy; kio vd vijAk; nghUl;gLj;jhky; cyhtpf; ePjp> N e u ; i k fi s vLj;Jiuj;J> Jtq;fp mjd; Kg;gJ Fspu; ,Ue;J gpd; jk;Kila mWgJ ghjh Nghjidfisg; mq;F vDk; gpuptpy; gug;gj; NkYk;

rp\;ah;fis

cUthf;fpdhh;. fLk; cUtpyhtpy;

rp\;ah;fis f h y j ; i j Ak ; nfhz;L

cU t h f ; f p d h h ; . nghUl;gLj;jhky;

f h ] g ; g h t p l k ; , U e ; j M a p u k ; [ b y ; y ht p d i u A k ; ( j a t i l a s ) j d ; D i l a k h h ; f j ; j p y ; , i z j ; J f ; nf h z ; l h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-9cUtpyhtpy; Kbe;NjwpaJk;; vijahtJ fpsk;gp (Northern vLj;jthW gpl;Rthf ( P h u s s a) ,ka (Anotatta) mUe;jpf; nrd;W tl jhd; Nkw;nfhz;l jhd; Kaw;rp n t w ; w p f u k hf fh]g;gh; mq;fpUe;J kd;du;fs; gpl;ir Gj;j jhd; mq;fpUf;Fk;gb vd;w ,dpAk; nra;J vd ,Ue;j thoj; ehl;by; mq;F mq;fpUe;jhy;

jd;id ,Ue;j FU

fl;lhag;gLjJthh;;
K u r u s) ;

epidj;jjpdhy;> ,lj;ij

mile;J>

Jtq;fpdhh;. jpdj;jpd; gf;fj;jpy; nghOJ ,dp; vd;w khiy

k h w p x d ; g J k h j q ; f s ; f o pe ; j khjk;> ngsh;zkp Vupapd; ,Ue;j af;fh mbthuj;jpy; ,Ue;j

epiyapy; Grh Ntisapy; mNdhll;lh czT =yq;fhtpw;Fr; ngUk;ghd;ik nfhs;s

kiyapd; vd;w nfhz;L jd;

mkh;e;J

mq;Fs;s

(yakkhas )

,dj;jpdiu

rkaj;jpy;

,izj;Jf;

Nghjidfs; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd KbT nra;jhh;. %d;W nfhz;l $b Nahrid ePsKk; xU Nah[id k`hd`h MfNt FOkp ,Ue;j mfyKk; Njhl;lk; ntF ,Ue;j ,lj;jpd; ,Ul;L>

ejpf;fiuapy;

,Ue;j

(Mahanaga garden)

vd;w ,lj;jpy;; ahf;fh gpuptpdh; xd;W tof;fk;;. mtu;fs; $b k`pahq;fd mtu;fs; ];Jhgh fl;lg;gl;l

tpoh

nfhz;lhLtJ gpd;du;; nrd;W> ,lj;jpy; gwe;J

fhyj;jpw;Fg; nghOJ Nky; mq;F

(Mahiyangana-thupa)

Mfhaj;jpy;

nfhz;L

,Ue;jthW

kio> ,b> Gay; Nghd;wtw;iw nraw;ifahf cUthf;fp mtu;fSila kdjpy; gPjpia vOg;gpdhh;. mijf; fz;L gae;J Nghd af;fh ,dj;jpdu; me;j g a q ; f u j ; j py ; ,Ue;J jk;ik fhg;ghw;WkhW mtuplk; Ntz;bdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-10mij vjpu;ghh;j;jpUe;j ntw;wp tPuNuh jdf;F me;j jPtpy; mkh;e;J nfhs;s ,lk; xd;W je;jhy; jhk; me;j nfhLikahd je;jhh;. Mdhy; gPjpia ,lj;jpy; Nghl;Lf; Rw;wp af;fh vq;fis rPw;wq;fisf; ,dj;jpdNuh> gaKWj;Jk; gpd;dh;; kPJ tpl;L fistjhf mku kl;Lk; thf;FWjp vd;d> ,e;j

,e;j jPT KOtijANk ePq;fs; vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> fhl;rpfis mtu;fs; tpyf;Fq;fs; nrhd;d ghia me;j v d ; W m t u p l k ; N t z ; b f ; n f h s ; s > m t U k ; m t u ; f S i la tpyf;fpdhh;. nfhz;L mkur; me;j Jtq;f> tpyq;Fj; Njhyhy; Md gha; xd;iw tpupj;J mjd; mkh;e;jhh;. v u pa j ; nfhOe;J

neUg;G

jPapdhy; Vw;gl;l ntl;gk; jhq;f Kbahky;; gae;J Nghd a f ; f h , d j ; j p d u ; m j d ; n t s p g ; G w j ; j py ; ; n r d ; W e p d ; w d h ; . mtu; ,Ue;j njhiy Jhuj;jpy; jk; ,Ue;j mUfpy; kiyg; gFjpfspy; te;j kf;fisAk; tutopj;jhh;.

m t w ; i w k P z ; L k ; m t w ; w p d ; g i o a e p i y f S f ; N f jp U g ; g p mDg;gpdhh;. mtu;fs; nrd;wJk; mtu; jd;Dila ghia RUl;bf; nfhz;L vOe;j nghOJ Njt Jhju;fs;; ( devas); mtu; gy Kd; Nfhb te;J epw;f> mtu;fSf;Fk; Nghjidfs; kf;fSk; mtuplk; j k ; K i la te;j nra;a> te;J> Nghjidfis mwpahikapy; fhj;J epd;wdh;. mg;gb kiyapd; jhq;fs; vjhtJ kd khw;wk; ngw;w RkdFl;lh topgl;Lf; (Sumanakuta) v d ; g tu ; ,Uf;f nra;jhh;. kf;fSf;F Rod;w gy ,g;gbahf jk;kplk;

ruzhfjp mile;J mtUila fl;lisia vjpu; Nehf;fp

,sturd; mtiu xU

k`hRkd;dh jUkhW

(Mahasumana) nfhz;L mtuplk;

epidj;jgb

rpd;dj;ij

Ntz;LNfhs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-11mtUk; jk;Kila Nky; jiyiaj; jltp fU ePy epwj;Jld; n[hypj;j jk; jiy Kbia rpwpJ gpLq;fpf; nfhLj;jhh;. mij ngw;Wf; nfhz;l kd;dDk; mij xU jq;fg;
MFk; )

Ngoiapy; gy

itj;J gto mjd;

mtu; tz;z kPJ

mku;e;jpUe;j etuj;jpdf; Ngoia

,lj;jpy; fw;fis itj;J

VO Ko gug;gstpy; ( XU Kok; vd;gJ Rkhh; 18 mq;Fyk; itu> Ftpj;J> tzq;fp Gj;jhplk; Vw;W Vw;wdu;. rk;Gj;jh; kuzk; mile;j gpd; mtUila rp\ ;auhd jPuh rupGl;lh jhk; nfhz;L Njhs;gl;il =yq;fhtpw;F Kd;ghf> epwj;jpy; gd;dpuz;L jd; ehL cjaFygha rNfhjudpd; vd;gtu; cauj;jpw;F gpuptpdUld; me;j me;jg; vd;gtupd; ,Ue;j vYk;G te;J Gdpjh; rp\;adhd ,Ue;j rpijapy; xd;iw mq;fpUe;j Kb ruG
( Sa r a b h u)

itj;J ruzhfjp

me;j mtiur;

tuyhdhd;. fil

mtUk; mile;J gpbj;J

rhu;e;jtu;fSk; n f h s ; i f fi s cWjp nkhop

mtUila elg;gjhf

mtw;iw

vd;gtu;> vupe;J nfhz;L

ngw;wpUe;j

tpN\r

rf;jpapdhy;> ,Ue;J vLj;Jf; Gj;j

GdpjUila gpl;Rf;fspd; ,Ue;j Ftpay; mikj;J mNj kPJ tpl;L fz;l

itf;fg;gl;L fy;

,lj;jpy; me;j Ngio kPNj me;j vYk;ig itj;J jq;f n[hypj;j Ko etkzpf; me;j cauj;jpy; ];Jhgpia

jpUk;gpdhh;. kfd;

];Jhgpiaf; vd;w

(Uddhaculabhaya )

kd;ddpd; Kg;gJ Ko vd;w

Njtdhk;gpab];]h ];Jhgpia fl;bdhh;. nra;a kd;dd;

( D e v a n a m p i y a t i s s a)

,d;dKk; te;j

nghpajhf Aj;jk;

Jkpyh

jj;jfhkzp

( Dutthaga mani) vd;w

me;j ];Jhgpiaf; fz;L

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-12tpae;J> cauj;jpy; ,g;gbahf flik mij ,d;dKk; Mf mq;F nghpajhf me;j ,g;gbahf vz;gJ Ko fl;bdhh;. gy;NtW k`pahq;fd ];Jhgh ,e;j

(Mahiyangana-thupa)

epWtg;gl;lJ. j k ; K i la Kbj;Jf;

tPuu;fisAk; k`paq;fdh

kd;du;fisAk; Gdpjh; a h j ; j p i ui a

j Pg f w ; g j ; j p y ;

epiyf;ff;

fhuzkhd

Kbe;jJk;

nfhz;L cUtpyhTf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W tpl;lhh;. mjw;F Kd; cyfpw;F Nkhl;rk; ju mtjupj;j me;j

Gdpjh; jhk; Gj;juhf khwpa Ie;jhtJ Mz;by; Nfhryh vd;w ehl;by;> N[jtdh (Jetavana) vd;w ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;j nghOJ> fhuzkha;>
( Mahodara);

ituf;

fw;fs;

gjpj;j tk;rj;jpy;> ,ilNa

jiy khkd;

f p u P l j ; j pd ; kN`hjuh kUkfd; Vw;gl
(Citta)

ehfq;;fspd;

vd;gtUf;Fk;
(Culodara)

mtUila Aj;jk; rpj;uh ghh;j;jtu;>

FyNjhjuTf;Fk; ,Ue;jij khjj;jpd; Gdpj nrd;W
ngah;

Qhdf;

fz;fshy;

mk;khthir mzpe;J rpNyhd;

fhy

fl ; l j ; j p y ; ehf

tpbaw; k d ; d dp l k ; ;

fhiyapy; gpl;ir ghz;lj;ij ifapy; Ve;jpf; nfhz;Lk;;> mq;fpia; tlNkw;F
=yq;fh)

nfhz;Lk;
(rpNyhd;

vd;gjpd;

jw;nghOija

gFjpapy; Nfl;lhh;.

,Ue;j me;j

ehfjPgh jPtpy;

vd;w

,lj;ij Nah[id

gpl;irahff; te;jtu; kd;dUf;F

IEhW

mstpyhd gFjpia jk; trk; itj;Jf; nfhz;L Mz;L kd;dd; mtu; kN`hjuh kiyg; vd;gtu;. fd;dtjhkdh te;j xU kzk; milAk; FyNjhuhtpd;
(Kannavaddhamana)

gFjpia

Mz;L

jd;Dila ghl;ldhu; kfSf;F>

jq;ifia G j y ; t Nu kuzk; m j ht J

Kbj;jpUe;jhh;. FyNjhjuhtpd; Kd;du; jd;

mtu;fSila

F y N j h j uh .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-13jhahUf;F kuzk; xU itu fpuPlk; nfhLj;J ,Ue;jhh;. mtu; gpd; mJ rk;ke;jkhf gFjpia Mz;L khkd;te;j ngw;W vd;w te;J jiyf;F gFjpf;F nfhz;L mile;jg; nrd;wJ. gy N[jtdh kuj;ij epoy; xU

k U k f d ; f s p i l N a f U j ; J N t W g h L N j h d ; w p A j ; j k ; v Ok ; epiyf;Fr; kd;du;fs; Njth;> mij Nkyhf ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;jtu;fs;.
(rajayatana)

kiyg; tpN\r

rf;jpfisg;
(Samiddhisumana)

rkpj;jpRkd;dh gFjpapy; mbNahL Fil nfhz;L gpl;Rf;fs;

,Ue;j

, u h [ a h j dh

gpLq;fp FUehjupd; ehfjPgh mUe;jpf;

Nghy

gpbj;Jf; Gj;j

mtUld; czT

nrd;whh;. me;j ,uh[ahjdh gpd;du; kukhfp epd;wpUe;j ,Ue;jijf; fz;ltu; > Mde;jk; mile;J mtu;fSila gpl;ir ghj;jpuq;fis Rj;jk; nra;a kuj;jpd; ,iyfis gwpj;Jj; je;jhh;. MfNt mLj;j gpwtpapy; N[jthdh Gdpjh; Njhl;lg; gFjpapy; me;j kukhfNt mtu; gpwe;jpUe;jhh;. mjdhy;jhd; vd;gjw;fhf te;jpUe;jhh;. Md;kPf ,Ul;by; nfhz;L G+kpf;Fr; kdjpy; ehb te;J ntspr;rj;ijNa tho;e;J nrd;W> Kd;du; gPjpia ,Ue;jtu;fs; ghh;f;fhky;> Nkhjpf; tho;ehs; Nghy KOJk; tho;e;J Aj;j Nghy jk;ik MWjy; flTl;fSf;Fk; kuj;Jld; Nkyhd flTshd mq;F jhk; te;j me;j jPTg; gpuNjrk; eykhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; mtiuAk; mioj;J

nfhz;L

,Ug;gtu;fs; nfhs;s gwe;jthW

,Ue;j

Mfhaj;jpy

mtu;fSila

ahf;fhtpw;F cUthf;fpdhh;. fUizg; fz;l

nra;jJ g P j pa h y ; Ghpe;J ,U

nraw;ifahd je;jhh;.

epd;wtu;fSf;F

mtUila

rf;jpiaf;

gpuptpdUk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-14k d k ; k h w p m t u p l k ; n r d ; W r u z i le ; J j k ; , U t U f ; F k ; ,ilNa kdj; jhq;fy; Vw;gl;L Aj;jk; epfof; fhuzkhf ,Ue;j ituf; fpuPlj;ij mtuplNk
( ehfu;fs; ghk;G ,dj;jtu;).

nfhLj;J tpl;ldh;. mile;jtu;fSila epiyiaf; jplj;ij tho;e;j fz;l mspj;J midj;J

M f h a j ; j py ; , U e ; J G + k p a p y ; ruzk;

,wq;fp je;J me;j

te;J

jk;kplk;

,lj;jpw;F nrd;W mku;e;jtUf;F czTk;> ghdfq;fSk; cgrupj;jdh;. ehl;by; mtu;fSila mtu;fSf;F kd epyj;jpYk; fUzh%u;jpahdtu;

ePupYk;

[ P t d ; f i s Ak ; M r p u ; t j p j ; j h h ; . Gj;j jj;Jtj;jpy; fy;ahzp k d p a f ; f pf h rNfhjuuhd (T a t ha g a ta ) . kdkhw vd;w ,ize;J ejpapy; mtuplk; ruz;

mile;j jiytu; jhahupd;

,Ue;j kw;Wk;

ehfq;fspd; Aj;jj;jpy; mtUila MfpNahh; cUfpa fhl;b top

( Ma n i a k k h i k a) > kN`hjuh

g q ; N f w ; f j d ; D i la g i l f S l d ; t e ; j p U e ; j (Ma h o da r a) kdk; fUizf; ,q;F vk; jhjfhtplk; kN`hjuh fhl;b ehq;fs; nrd;wdh;.

$wpdhh; ‘vq;fSf;F ePq;fs; fhl;b m i d tUk ; md;G

cs;sPu;fs;

te;jpUf;fhtpby; ,we;jpUg;Nghk;. kdij gf;Ftg;

rhk;gyhfp

fUzh%u;j;jpNa>

gLj;jpatNu> cq;fSila fUiz Kf;fpakhf vd; kPJ tpo Ntz;Lk;. ePq;fs; vd;Dila ehl;bw;F te;J vq;fs; midtUf;Fk; nfhz;L ePq;fs; tUif n j hl h ;e ; J je;J ey; top fhl;b mUs; Ghpe;J ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. vq;fis Ntz;LNfhis te;jpUe;j vq;fSila Mrpu;tjpf;f Vw;Wf; ,uh[ahjdh ehl;bw;Fk; Ntz;Lk;’. nfhz;ltu;> kuj;jpid

mtu;fSila cs;sk;>

mtUila ehl;bw;F tUif Gupa xg;Gjy; je;j fUiz jd;Dld;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-15mq;NfNa el;l gpd;> jhd; mkh;e;jpUe;j ,lj;ij Rl;bf; fhl;b> tzq;fp me;j mq;F jhk; cgNahfpj;jg; ng h U l ; f i s itj;J topghL gpd; fUzh tUkhW $wpa gpd; ehfufspd; j i y i k a p lk ;

nghWg;ig

xg;gilj;jhh;.

‘ ,g;gbg;gl;l

c d f ; F k ; c d ; , u h [ ; a k f ; f S f ; F k ; k d m i k j pi a A k ; > ed;ikiaAk;; jd;Dld; gFjpf;Fj; n fh L f ; F k ; ’ vd;W Mrpu;tjpj;jg; nfhz;L me;j te;jtu;fis jpUk;gpr; mioj ;Jf; N[jtdh

nrd;whh;.

,g;gbahf

%u;j;jpapd; ehfgPlh (Nagadipa) tp[ak; epiwT ngw;wJ. mjd; gpd; %d;W tUlq;fs; nrd;W fope;jJ. ehf kd;dd; j U k hW tprhf

kdpaf;fpfh rPlu;fisAk; mioj;jhd;;. te;J gpl;ir

G j ; j hp l k ; jk;Kila mij

mtiuAk;> tUif

mtUila

ehl;bw;F nfhz;l

Vw;wf;

rk;Gj;jh>

(Vesakha) khjj;jpd; ngsu;zkpapd; ,uz;lhk; ehs; mq;F ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjhff; $wpa gpd; Gdpj Gj ;j gpl;Rf ;fis nfhz;bUe;j ,Ue;j ,lj;ij ge;jypy; gjpj;j cUtk;> mtUf;Fk; mq;fpia mzpe;J nfhz;Lk; gpl;ir ghz;lj;ij ifapy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; jPtpd; fy;ahzp kd;dd; mile;jhh;. itf;fg;gl;L Mrdj;jpy;; fUizf; nrd;W fly;> flypy; vd;w me;j jd;Dld; IEhW fye;J tpOe;J ejpf; ) mioj;Jf; nfhz;L> Kd;du; rpNyhd; vd miof;fg;gl;l Nfyhdp ( Kelaniya ) k d p a f ; f pf h

vd;w

fiuapy; ,Ue;j

,lj;ij ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;j

Mz;L nfhz;L ,Ue;j ehf fl;lg;gl;bUe;j etkzpfs; cz;ikapd; Gdpjh;. cUtkhd

(Maniakkhika

mkh;e;jhh;

md;gpd;

mtUld; te;jpUe;j midtUf;Fk; gy;NtW ,dpa czT tiffis gilj;J nfsutpj;jhh; me;j ehf kd;dd;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-16mjd; nra;j mq;F iky; gpd; fUzh%u;j;jp Rkd$lh mjd; midtUf;Fk; ( Sumanakuta) gpd; jpfthgp mq;F nra;J cs;s vd Nghjidfs; vd;w kiy

gpd;du;>

mbthuj;ij Nehf;fp jk;; gupthuq;fSld; ele;J nrd;W ,isg;ghupdh;. (Baticola) njhiytpy; mku;e;J vit fpof;Fg; ,Ue;J gFjpapy; Rkhh; 30 vd;w Gdpj vit gpd; Gj ;j jq;fp ghbNfhyh ,lj;ij ,lj;jpy; rpwe;jit> vd;w khtl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;j jpahdk; Rw;wp rpwg;gw;wit njw;Fg; nrd;W ( b h i k k h u s) ) ;

(Digha v ap i) me;j Ma;T ,Ue;j gy

nrd;wile;jhh;. mij

jw;nghOJs;s gFjpfspy; nra;j

,lj;ijg;

Gdpjkhf;fpdhh;. mDuhjGuj;jpd; gFjpf;Fr; gpl;Rf;fSld;

gFjpapy; jd;Dld; mq;F

k`hNkfk;

te;jpUe;j fhyk;

,Ue;jthW jpahdk; nra;J te;jhh;. ntF Nghjp fhyj;Jf;Fg; kuKk;> gy gpd;du;jhd;; vd;w me;j ,lj;jpy; Gdpj mq;F

Jhguhkh ehl;fs; kw;nwhU

( Thuparama)

];JhgpAk;

vOe;jd.

jk;Kila gFjpapy;

rPlu;fSld; ,Ue;j

jpahdj;jpy; mku;e;J ,Ue;j Gdpjh; mq;fpUe;J fpsk;gp mDuhjGuj;jpd; kf;fSf;F g y ; N tW rpyhrpbah gpd;> (Silacetiya ) vd;w ,lj;jpw;F nrd;W mq;F trpj;J te;j kdg;G+u;tkhd mwpTiwfis nra;j toq;fpa gpd;du; ,lq;fSf;Fk; tp[ak; kPz;Lk;

N [ j ; t dh t p w ; F j ; j pUk ; g p d h h ; . ngUk; mwpthw;wYk;> epidj;Jk; Qhdp ghh;f;f ,ayhj %d;W

fUizAk; nfhz;l me;j

=yq;fhtpw;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-17Kiw gazk; nra;J mq;fpUe;j mRuu;fSf;Fk;> =yq;fh Gdpj ehfu;fSf;Fk; Nghjidfs; nra;j gpd;> me;j jPgfw;gj;ij Gj;j kjj;jpy; G+kpahf ,ize;jtu;fs; ,g;gbahf nrd;W

jd;Dila nfhs;iffis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L tzq;Fk; mtUila fy;ahzp

khw;wpdhh;.

( K e l a n i y a ) t p [ a k ; ep i w T n g w ; w J . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp k hh ; f j ; j p y ; ghfkhd ,ize;j> top “ Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ” tp[ak;

Nguhde;jk; Kjy;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j>

%u;j;jpapd;

jhjfhlhtpd;

,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-1802: k`hrk; k jh
k ` h r k ; k j ht p d ; Kd;ndhU kd;dd; te;jtu;fs; (Uposatha
Upacara)>

re; j jpapdh;
rhh;e;jtu; Gdpj Kdptu;. vd;w >
and

,dj;ij te;jhh;. -

f h y j ; j py ; Nuh[h
and

k`hrkd;jh mtiuj; tNuh[h

(Mahasammata) njhlh;e;J
and

tho;e;J

Ml;rpf;F

(Roja

Vararoja)

fy;ahzh-tufy;ahzh

( Ka l ya n ak a s) >

cgh]jh-kz;Nlhrh (Caraka

Mand h a t a) >

fufh-cgfufh

Nrbah-Kfhyh ( Cetiya and Mucala)> kfhKfhyh ( Sagaradeva)> Urp-RUrp (Patapa (Panada (Ruci
and

(Mahamucala)> Kfhypz;lh- rh`uh (Mucalinda and Sagara)> rh`uNjth
Ang i r a s a) >

gujh-mq;fPu]h
and also Mahapatapa)

(Bharata ,U

and

Suruci,)>

glhghgdlh;fs; gdlh-

k`hglhgh ( Panadas)> k`hgdlh
(Patapa
and

>
and

Rjhrdh-Ne&
and Mahapatapa

(Sudassana
)

Neru)>

Mahapanada),

glgh-k`hglgh (Neru mfpkh Frhtb> M z ;l d h ;. MW> vl;L> Ie;J>

>

Rlh]dh-k`hRlhrdh ep&-k`hepU kw;Wk; gpd;

( Sudassana and Mahasudassan), kw ;Wk;
and M a ha n e r u)

Nghd;w

,UtupUtu; , mjd;

(Accima). ,Ugj;jp ,uh[f`h
Mithila)

Nghd;wtu;fs;. vl;L kw;Wk; fzf;fpl EhW ,Ugj;jp ,Ugj;;jp

m t u ; f S i la

kfd;fSk;> kpjpiyia Kbahj kd;dh;fs;> ehd;fhapuk;> vl;L> Ie;J>

Ngud;fSk; fhyj;jpw;F gpd;du; Kg;gj;jp

(Kusavati, Rajagaha, and

m t u ; f S f ; F g p w F M z ; l t u ; f s ; g F y h K j y ; m h p k ; j hdh tiuapyhd mWgJ> ,uz;L> Ik;gj;jp MW> ,Ugj;jp ,Ugj;;jp vz;gj;jp Kg;gj;jp

kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk;

gjpndl;L> gjpNdO> gjpide;J> gjpdhd;F> xd;gJ> VO> gd;dpuz;L>
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-19gd;dpuz;L> fhyuh[ehfh ehDhW> kPz;Lk; xf;fhyh gd;dpuz;L> tiu ( Okkaka) %j;jg; epGdh> fd;bkh> xd;gJ gjpdhW kw;Wk; vd j i y i k a py ; (Kalarajanaka) Mz;L vl;lhapuj;J te;jdh;. gps;isjhd; fd;lKfh> trd;juhTk; kw;Wk; Mtu;. kfd;fSk;> vd;gtu; rf;ah ,lk; (Nipuna, Candima,

k`hrk;kjhtpd; Xf;ff;fhtpd; kw;Wk; rpt

re;jjpapdh;; (Okkaka)

Xf;fKfh(Okkamuha ) Mthu;. rk;[ah
and Candamukha (Vessantara) Sivisamjaya)

Nghd;wtu;fSk;
( Jali)> and

Nguurdhd
Sihassara)

>
(

[hyp
Sihavahana

rp`th`dh Ngud;fSk;

rp`];]uh mtUila

Nghd;wtu;fSk;

k fd ; f S k ; > vz;gj;jp , U e ; j dh ; . ( K a p i l a v a t t h u)

rp`];]uhTf;F Ngud;fSk; fgpytl;^ goq;Fb Neghsj;jpy; N[aNrdhtpw;F aNrhjh ,Ue;jtu; mQ;Qdh thupRfs; Njtjh`r;rh

,uz;lhapuk;

n[aNrdh vd;w

( J a ya s e n a) Mz;l

mtUila filrp kfd;. mtu;fs; Gj;jh; gpwe;j ,lkhd ,lj;ij vd ( Sihahanu) vd;w vd;w ( Devadaha) fhr;rdh rp``hDtpd; rf;f khah> ,d tk;r kd;du;fs;. jw;nghOJ ,e;j

cs;sJ rp``hD (Yasodha r a) Njtjh`h

ek;gg;gLfpd;wJ. vd;w kfDk;> ,Ue;jdh;. Ml;rpapy; mtUf;F vd;w ,U kidtpNa (Maya and vd;w ,U kfSk; ,lj;jpy; vd;gtu;. (Kaccana) Kjy; g[hgjp

( Devadahasakka) kw;Wk;

(Anjana)

, U e ; j dh ; .

fhr;rdh. aNrhjhNth ,uhzpahthh;.
Pajapati)

mQ;Qdhtpd; (Sakka Anjana)

mQ;Qdhtpw;F

vd;w ,U kfs;fSk; jz;lghzp kw;Wk; rf;fpa (Dandapani and Sakiya Suppabuddha. ) ,Ue;jdh;. rf;fh> r p ` ` h Dtpw ; F Rf;fh kw;Wk; Rj;Njhhdh> mkpNjhjdh

Rg;gGj;jh kfd;fSk;

NjhNlhjdh>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-20(Suddhodana, Dhotodana, Sakka, Sukka ], and Amitodana) vd;w I e ;J k f d ;f S k ;> m k p j h > g k p j h ( Am i t a a n d P a m i ta) v d ;w ,U kfs;fSk; ,Ue;jdh;;. mtu;fisj; njhlh;e;J Mz;l kd;du;fs;> ghyjj;jh ( Eka c ak k h u) (Kosambi) Mz;l Kba kd;du;fs;> (Campa) ,Ugj;jp Kba gpUk;kNjth ( Indapatta) ,lj;ij ( Baladatta) vd;w Mz;l r e ; j j pa p d h p u ; rpl;b ( Sitthi) Kba

vd;gtu; Kba ml;bGuhit ( Aritthapura) Mz;l gjpndl;L (Brahmadeva.) Mz;l vd;gtu; Mz;l vd;gtu; Kba gjpide;J Kba kd;du;fs;> ( Mahinda) Kba vd;gtu; ,d;lgl;lhit gjpNdO kd;du;fs;> vf;ff;ff;F kd;du;fs;> Nfhrk;gpia ehuNjth vd;gtu; VO fk;ghit Gj;jjj;jh vd;gtu; Ie;J K ba

g h j j ;j N j t h (B h a d d a d e va)

gjpdhd;F

(Naradeva) vd;gtu; Kba fd;df;Nfhr;rhit ( Kannagoccha) xd;gJ kd;du;fs;> k`pe;jh ,Nuh[dhdfuhit ehfNjth Mz;l Ie;J gd;dpuz;L (Rojananagara) vd;gtu; kd;du;fs;> Mz;l

(Nagadeva)

( Budd h a da t t a) vd;gtu; Kba kd;du;fs;> jhyp];]huh ( Ta kk a s i l a) vd;gtu; ,uh[fh`hit

kpjpiyia (Mithila) Mz ;l jPgk;fuh (Dipamkara) vd;gtu; Mz;l ,Ugj;jp

(Rajagaha) Mz;l Kba

kd;du;fs;> jf;frPyhit Gupe;jh Mz;l

( Talissara)

gd;dpuz;L Frpdhuhit r`huNjth

kd;du;fs;> (Kusinara) (Sagaradeva) xd;gJ

( Purinda) gd;dpuz;L

kd;du;fs;>

vd;gtu; Kba khypj;jpahit (Malitthiya) Mz;l kd;du;fs; vd xU ePz;l gl;baNy cz;L. rhfuNjthtpd; mtUila kfd; kf;fhNjth. nkhj;jk; kpjpiyia 84000;

Mz;l Ngh;fs;.

guk;giuapdh;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-21mtu;fspy; filrp kd;dd; fyuh[dhfhtpd; je;ij epkpah vd;gtu;. rhkk;Fuh njhlh;e;J mtu;fspy; Mz;ltu;fs; jpfk;g]p> ghuzhrpia > mNrhfh 84000 Mz;l vd;gtu; tp[ah. ,sturh;fs; ,Ue;jdh ;. ghuzhrpia tp[ahitj; etujh> rpyupy; mtiuj; Mz;ldh;. njhlh;e;J rkjh> jrujh>

,sturh;fs;

f i l r pa h d t u ; tp[pjNrdh> NuD> Frh>

jk;kNrdh> k`hFrh>

ehfNrdh>

r p l ; l j h ] p > m j ; j j h] p > R [ h j h > x f ; f f ; f h N g h d ; w t u ; f s ; . rf;fh rg;Gj;jhtpd; vd;w kidtp ,uz;L g[hgjp m k p j h t pw ; F Gjy;tu;fs v dw ,U gj;jfhf;fd;dh ,Ue;jdh; ;. kidtpfs;

Njtjj;jh

mtu;fspy; xUtu;jhd; ek;Kila Gdpj nja;tkhd Gj;jh;. Rj;Njhjhdhw;F cz;L. mg;gbg;gl;l kdpjg; Njtuhd vDk; k`hrkd;jhtpd; gpwtp Gdpjg; kidtp vLj;j> Gjy;tu; re;jjpapy; Mtu;. te;jtNu Nghjprj;jh vd;gtu;. khah>

gpwtpapy; e k ; K i la rpj;jj;jhtpd;

Njtu;fSf;nfy;yhk;

gj;jfhf;fd;dh

mtu;fspd; Gjy;tu; u`_yh vd;gtu;. gpk;gprhuh(Bimbisara) ez;gu;fs;. gpk;gprhuhit %j;jtu;. t Pl ; i l jkJ tpl;L Kg;gj;jp vd;gtUk; rpj;jj;jhTk; NghyNt ( Bodhisatta) xd;gJ mtu; MW (Siddhattha) m t u ; f S i la Ie;J taJ n g hOJ tUlq;fs; fhz

mtu;fisg; tpl Nghjprj;jh ,Ugj;jp

je;ijapdUk; xUtUf;nfhUtu; ez;gu;fshf ,Ue;jtu;fs;. mtUf;F tajhd

ntspNawpdhh;. Ie;jhtJ

f L i k a h f j d ; i d t U j ; j p f ; n f h z ; L Q h d k ; m i l e ; j Jk ; tajpy; gpk;gprhuhitf;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-22te;jhh;. gpk;gprhuhTf;F Kb R+l;lg;gl;l nghOJ mtUila taJ gjpide;J. gjpdhW tUlq;fs; mtu; jk; n f h s ; i f fi s f ; f i l g p b j ; J tUlq;fs; e l e ; j hY k ; mjpy; Ml;rp nra ;jhh;. mjw;Fg ; j h j fhlhtp d ; topapy;; 37 gpd;dNu mtu; Gj;jiu re;jpj;jhh;. mtUila Ml;rp 250 tUlq;fNs Ml;rp nra;jhh;. g p ;k ; g p r h u h t p d ; m[lrl;L tho;T KbAk; epr;rak; Kl;lhs; kfDk;> n f h i y f h u Dk hd je;ijiaf; $baJ ,g;gb mr;rk;

( Ajatasattu)

vd;gtu; my;y>

mtUila

nfhiy nra ;J tpl;L 24 tUlq ;fs ; Ml;rp n ra ;jhh;. ,e;j e p i y a h dJ Kd; Gfopd; epr;rak; nrd;W mopaf; ,Ue;jhh;. vd;w vd;gij ed;F czu;e;jpUe;j jhlfhjh mtUila tho;T cr;rpf;Nf mw;w tho;f;if ekf;Fk; cz;L

,d;wp thohtpby; Jd;gNk kpQ;Rk;. ,g;gbahf ,uz;lhk; KbTw;wJ. Gdpjupd; g h f k hd gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j Gj;j

gf;ju;fspd; kdjpy; Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl top tFj;j r e ; j j p a p d h ;’

‘k ` h r k ; k j ht p d ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-2303: Kjyhk; ; MNyhrid rig
Kjy; ju; k rq; f ahdk;
jk;Kila Kbj;j f l i k fs ; 84 midj;ijAk; tUlq;fs; mkh;e;J Kiwahfr; nra ;J

kfhd;

tho;e;jpUe;jhh;. Frpdhuh ,Ue;j mtUf;F kdpjg; g hu ;f ;f fz;fs; me ;j

(Kusinara) vd;w ,lj;jpy; ,uz;L ryh vd;w kuq;fSf;F (sala-trees) gpwtpapd; xU , i l Na ,U f z ; f i sj ; Gj;jf; fz; jtpw vd midj;ijAk; Ie;J

K b e ; j n j a ; t P f f ; f z ; > Q h d f ; f z ; k w ; W k ; r j ; j p a j ; j p d; cUthd nkhj;jk; ,Ue;jd. tprhf ( Vesakha) khj ngsh;zkpapy;

Md;kPf xsp kiwe;jJ. vz;zpylq;fh ,lj;jpy; (khattiyas gpuptpdUk; ( Ma h ak a s s ap a)
and

700>000
brahmans,

gpl;Rf;fs;
vessas and

epiwe;jpUe;j Rj;jh
s u d d a s)

me ;j Ngh d ;w

fl;bah> $b

gpuhkzh;> ,Ue;jdh;.

Ntrh> Njuh

midj ;J vd;w

k`hfhrg;gh

vd;gtu;

mg;nghOJ

rk;`j;Njuh

( samghatthera) jiyikahsuhf ,Ue;jhh;. mtu;jhd;
(Gj;jgpuhd;)

gpd;dh;

mize;J

Nghd

me;j VO jdf;F gpwF

N[hjpf;F m t U i la ehl;fs; cgNjrpj;j nfhLj;J mtUila

,Wjpf; Gdpj “j d ; D i l a Gdpj fhuzk; vLj;Jf;

fld;fisAk; rlq;FfisAk; Mrhd; jdf;Fg; nfhz;L mq;fpia jkf;F

rpd;dq;fSf;F nra;tpj;jhh;. gj;J tpl;L ,lj;ij

NghjidfSk;;> nrd;wjpd; jhd;

rka

Nghjidfis

cynfq;Fk ; gug ;g Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; mth ; Nghjpj;J te ;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-24jk;kh vDk; (dhamma) fw;W Gj;j fl;lisfis jhk; njhFf;f N t z ; L k ; . m t U i la N g h j i d f s p y ; x d ; g J N g h j i d f i s jpwikAld; xd;gJ
(499)

mwpe;Js;s

ehDhw;W mtu;

njhd;Dhw ;W mjw;fhfNt

gpl;Rf;fis

epakdk; nra;J cs;shh;. midj;J NghjidiaAk; ed ;F fw;W mwpe ;j tu;fs ; xd;W $b tpthjpj;J mtUila Nghjidfs; cjtp m i d j ; i j Ak ; gyKiw mtu;fshy; xd;wpizf;f Nfl;Lf; mij nra;J Ntz;Lk;. KbahJ gpl;Rf;fs; vd;gij mtuplk; ,d;wp

nfhz;Lk;>

jd;Dila

Gj;jh;

czu;e;jjpdhy;>

mtu; ngUk; ek;gpf;if itj;Js;s Njuhthfpa jd;idAk; Nrh;j;J IEhW gpl;Rf;fis (500) epakpj;J ,Uf;fpd;whh;. m g ; g b j h d ; , y ; i y v d p y ; m t u ; f s h y ; m i j j p w i k A ld ; epiwNtw;wp vz;zpdhh;. ,jw;fpilapy; gpl;Rf;fs; midtUk; xd;wpize;J rkhjp mile;J fld;fid tpl;ltUf;F nra;jgbAk;> G+[p;j;Jk;> ,Ue;jthW njhlu;e;J VO Gdpjg; jk;khit VO ehl;fs; mtUila ,Wjpf; Gdpjr; ehl;fs; Kbf;f ,ayhJ vd Gj;jh; vz;zp ,Uf;fpd;whh;” vd Njuh k`hfhrg;gh jd;Dila kdjpy;

rpd;dq;fis nrd;W ,Uf;ff; mjd;gb midj;J cil> mq;F

g Lj;Jk; nj h F f ; f

gzpapYk; Ntz;Lk ;>

<Lgl;ldh;;. kiof; fhyj;jpy; ,uh[fh`hTf;F (Rajagaha) me;j Neuj;jpy; jk;ikj; jtpw NtW ve;j gpl;RTk; mq;F $lhJ mry;fh jq;f rpW vdTk; ( Asalha) ,lk; mtu;fs; khjj;jpd; jhq;fpf; kw;Wk; g pl ; i r jPu;khdpj;jdh;. n g s u ; z k p a py ; kUe;J> cz;z vLj;J

f\;lq;fisAk;

nfhz;L>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-25rpwe;j ,lk; vd midj;Jk; jkf;F fpilf;ff; $ba , l k h f , U e ; j , u h[ f h ` h T f ; F G w g ; g l ; L r ; n r d ; w d h ; . mtu;fs; fpsk;gpr; fhuzj;ij gFjpapy; Rj;jKk; MdJk; rigiaf; fpsk;gpr; nrd;whh;. nrd;wJk; me;j gpd;> ( Aja ta s a t t u) KbT k`hfhrg;gh ehl;by;; jhk; kio mq;F ,lq;fis ,lk; filrpahf kd;dd; te;jjpd; Kjy; R w ; w pg ; jahh;

,Ue;j fhyj;jpd;

m[jrj;Jtpw;Fj; jq;f

njhptpj;jg;

nra;jpUe;j

g h h ; j ; J g O j i l e ; j pU e ; j , l q ; f i s ru p n r a ; J > , l j ; i j nra;aj; murdplk; $l;l Jtq;fpdh;. nrd;W ,Ug;gjhf jhk; jq;Fk; Kjyhk; MNyhrid mjw;fhf

mwptpj;jdh;.

jd;dplk; ,Ue;J vij vjpu; ghh;f;fpd;wdu; vd kd;dd; Nfl;l nghOJ> me;j rigia elj;j xU ,lk; Ntz;Lk; vd mtu;fs; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jdu;. ve;j ,lj;jpy; mjw;Nfw;w ,lk; mikj;J ju Ntz;Lk;

v d f ; N f l ; l k d ; d dp l k ; > m t u ; f s ; x U , l j ; i j f ; f h l ; l > mtu;fs; fhl;ba ,lkhd Eio thapyhf
g r o t t o)

tpghu kiyf;F ( Vebhara Rock) rl;lgpuhdp Njtu;fs; Fnuhl;Nlh $Lk; ,lk; mjd; xU nghpa

,Ue;j thrypy;

(Sattapanni $lj;ij

Nghd;W Njhw;wk; je;j tifapy; ,Uf;FkhW ntF tpiuthf mikj;Jf;

nfhLj;jhh;.

cs;Ns gpl;Rf;fs; midtUk; mkUtjw;F trjpahf kpf tpiy cah;e;j Mrdq;fis itj;Jk;;> njw;F gFjpapy; Njuh mw;Gj mde;jhTf;F MrdKk;> gPlj;ij (thera) $lj;jpd; tlf;F eLtpy; Nehf;fp fUzh Kbj;jg; mkUk;; xU gpd; gpuhd; tifapy; caukhd

Nghjidahsuhd

Gj;jgpuhDf;Fk; mikj;jhh;. mij fl;b

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-26rig mij $wpdhu;. kio fhyj;jpd; ,uz;lhk; Mrdq;fspy; mkutpy;iy mJ Njuh fhypahf cghyp gFjpapy; mtutu; nrd;W ,uz;lhk; mkh;e;jdh;. Mrdj;jpy; mtu; ehs; me;j Njuh thdk; ,Ue;jJ. r i g ia
($lk;)

jahuhfp

tpl;lij

mwptpj;j

ifNahL

, dp vdf;

mtu;fs;

cgNahfpj;Jf;

nfhs;syhk;

midj;J Neuj;jpy; mde;jh

gpl;Rf;fSk; jdf;F te;J

jFjpf;Nfw ;g

xJf;fg;gl;bUe;j

xJf;fg;gl;bUe;j

vd;whYk;>

%yNkh> G+kpia gpse;J nfhz;Nlh te ;J mkUth h ; vd;w e k ; g p f ; i f a py ; mjw;fpilapy; Gfo; ngw;w gw;wpa cghyp itf;fg;gl;L vd;gtiu ( Upali)

elj;jp itf;f jw;fhypf jiytuhf mioj;jdh;. mtuplk; N j u h k ` h f h r g ; g h G d p j h p d ; N g h j i d f i sg ; tpsf;fk; Nfl;gJ NghyTk ;> t i f a pYk ; ; tpsf;fk; mspf;Fk; re;Njfq;fSf;F mtw;Wf;F

rigapd; epfo;r;rp eilngw;wJ. N f l ; f g ; g l ; l m i d j ; J r e ; N j f q ; f S f ; F k ; t p t u k h d g j p iy mtu; $wj; Jtq;f> mtw;iw gbj;jwpe;jpUe;j n fhL f ; f g ; g l ; l kw ;w gjpiy gpl;Rf;fSk; re;Njfq;fSf;Ff;

Vw;Wf; nfhz;lgb Gj;jhpd; fw;wwpe;jpUe;j njhlh;e;J ,Ue;j me;j

mku;e;J ,Ue;jdh;. NghjidfisAk; cghyp Nfl;fg;gl;l Vw;fdNt fw;W ed;F midj;J m w pe ; J nfhz;L

midj;J Njuh

re;Njfq;fSf;Fk; tptukhd tpsf;fq;fisf; $w> mijj; Nghjidfis mij gy gpl;Rf;fs; MNkhjpj;Jf;

, U e ; j d h ; . , e ; j c y i f J d ; g g ; g p b a py ; , U e ; J f h g ; g h w ; w
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-27Ntz;Lk; fhyk; midtUk; vd;w jk;khtpd; xNu rq;fy;gj;Jld; tpupthf Rkhh; VO khj jh;fk; midj;Jg; gFjpfisAk; tpthjpj;J> m tu ; f s ;

mku;e;jpUe;J

n r a ; J j k ; k h t p d ; mk ; r q ; f i s ,Uis xsp ,d;wp tpyf;fp me;j ,Uspy; top ntspr;rj;ij Njuhf;fs; Rod;W nra;a

nj hF j ; J K b j ; j d h ; . mile;jJ cyfpy; Nghd;w Q hd

ngw;w

Qhd Mde;j

ntspr;rk; xspia

nfhz;bUe;j Vw;gLj;jp KbAkh vd;gNj

kw;wtu;fspd; Nfs;tpahf

tho;tpYk; mile;jpl epd;wJ. ,g;gbahf %d;whk; KbTw;wJ.

ntspr;rj;ij

Gdpjupd; g h f k hd

gf;jp

khh;fj;jpy;

,ize;j

Gj;j r i g’

gf;ju;fspd; kdjpy; Nguhde;jk; ‘K j y h k ;

nghq;fpl top tFj;j MNyhrid

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-2804: ,uz; l hk; ; MNyhrid rig
,uz; l hk; ju; k rq; f ahdk ;
m[jrl;Ltpd; (Udayabhaddaka) nra;J Ml;rp tpl;L ( Aja ta s a t t u) vd;gtu; gjtpia k fd ; gjpdhW c j a g j ; j fh nfhiy k fd ; tUlq;fs; jd;Dila mku;e;jhh;. mJ NghyNt me;j mtutu; Ml;rpiaf;

jd;Dila ifg;gw;wp

je;ijia

nra;jhu;. nfhd;W kfd;

mLj;J tpl;L

cjagj;jfhtpd; vd;gtUk; Ml;rpapy; (Munda) tpl;L;

mD U j ; j f h je;ijiaf; jd;Dila FLk;gj;jpy; mDUj;jfhtpd; ifg;gw;wpdhu;.

( Anuruddhaka) Kd;lhTk;

je;ijiaf; ,g;gbahf ,Ue;j

nfhd;W vl;L

tUlq;fs; kfd;fs;;

nfhLikf;fhu

j e ; i j fi s n f h i y n r a ; J t p l ; L M l ; r p a p y ; m k u ; e ; j d h ; . mLj;J ehd;F Kd;yh tUlq;fs; ( Munla) Ml;rp kl;Lk; vd;gtu; nfhd;W nra;jhh;. my;y> jd; tpl;L mijf; mtu;fs; je;ij ,Ugj;jp fz;L Njrj; ehL

ehflrhfhit

( Nagadasaka)

ntFz;nlOe;j kf;fs; ,e;j kd;dh;fSila tk;rk; xU nfhiyfhuf; JNuhfpfs; flj;jp Vw;wpdh;. Neu;ikahf mtDila ,Ugj;jp gj;jhtJ fope;jJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

FLk;gk; vdTk; me;j Ml;rp k f d hd RRdfh

KbT

nra;J

ehflrhfhit vd;gtiu mtiuj; (Kalasoka) nra;jhh;.

tpl;L>

(Susunaga) nra;jhu;. fyNrhfh Ml;rp

Ml;rpapy; Mz;Lfs; njhlh;e;J vd;gtUk; mtUila Ehw;whz;L

kd;dDk;

gjpndl;L

vl;L

Mz;Lfs;

Mz;L

Ml;rpapy;

rk;Gj;jhpd;

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-29mg;nghOJ (Vajji ) vjpuhd mjpy; xspapd; cz;gJ> kWf;fhky;; gPfhupy; vd;w cg;Gg; cg;G itrhypapy; gj;J gz;lq;fis> ,Ue;j th[;[p ,dj;jtu; Nghlhj nra;ag;gl;l Nghl;L epoy; fl;lisfSf;F tpyq;Ffspd; Nghl ;L>

nfhk;Gfspdhy;

ghj;jpuq;fspy;

gjg;gLj;JtJ> tpOk; czT tiu mUe;jp

mDkjpf;fg;gl;l kjpa tpl;L czit mLj;j

Neuk; jhz;ba gpd;Dk; ,uz;L tpuy; mfyj;Jf;F R+upa xspapd; xU ,lj;jpy; r h g ; g pL t J >

f p u h k j ; j p w ; F n r d ; w g p d ; m q ; F k ; c z t U e ; j m i o j ; j hy ; cs;Su; Gj;j gpl;Rf;fspd; miog;ig Vw;W tpUe;J cz;gJ> Gj;j gpl;Rf;fspd; Kd; m D k j p , d ; w p N t i y fi s n r a ; j g p d ; m D k j p n g w ; W f ; nfhs;tJ> Kd; ghiy jq;fSila FUkhh;fs;; rpy kuj;Jf; nra;j Ntiyfis jhNk cjhuzkhff; mUe;JtJ> nfhz;L gid fhupaq;fis fs;

nra;tJ> czT mUe;jpa gpd; mjw;Fk; NkYk; filahj mUe;JtJ> tiuAWf;fg;gl;l mstpy; ,y;yhj Mrdq;fspy; mkUtJ> kw;Wk; nts;sp> jq;fk; Nghd;wtw;iw jhdkhfg; ngw;Wf; n f h s ; t J - v d m t u ; f s ; f i l g p b j ; J t e ; j n f h s ; i f fi s nfhQ;rKk; ,Ue;jdh;. me;j nra;jp th[;[p efuj;jpw;F tUif Ghpe;jpUe;j Njuh ahrhtpw;Ff; t p \ a j ; i j Ak ; vd;d mrhghrj;ijj; n g U i k fi s (thera
Yasa)

ntl;fk;

,d;wp

epahag;gLj;jp f;

nfhz ;L

fpilj;jJ. mwpe;J vd

xUtiu nfhs;gtu;;>

ghh;j ;j vq;F

kl;bNyNa mtiug; gw;wp czh;e;J nfhs;gtu; ;> midj;J Jy;ypakhf Jwe;jtu; mtu; elf;fpd;wJ vd;gij ngw;wpUe;jhu;. czu ehd;F mtu; Kbe;jtu;> rpwg;ghd Nghypj;jdkhd

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-30Gj;j gpl;Rf;fs; $b ,Ue;j ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;whh;. mtu; nrd;wpUe;j epwg;Gk; nghOJ mtu;fs; mq;F itj;J xU mq;F nghpa te;J jz;zPu; nfhz ;L ghj;jpuk; xd;iw

,Ue;j cs;S+u;thrpfsplk; mtutu; kdjpw;Nfw;g vj;jid gh`hghzhit ( me;j fhyj;jpy; Gof;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j nts;sp
ehzaj;jpd; fzf;fplg;gl;L ngah;. mjd; msitg; nghWj;J mjd; kjpg;G te;jJ

)

Ntz;LkhdhYk; (
Gj;j

mq ;Fs ;s
gpl;Rf;fs;

rNfhjuu;fspd; Nghlyhk; vd mg;gbg; gzk; fUj;J Nghd;w vjpu;ig jhk; $WtNj

cgNahfj;jpw;F mwptpj;jpUe;jdh;. ngWtJ

);

mijf;

fz;l vd

Njuh khw;W

ghgr; nray; mtUf;F vd

mwpTiwf;

$wp gzk; Nghl

te;jtu;fisj; jLf;fj; Jtq;f> gpl;Rf;fs; vd;w Ehypy; $wg;gl;L kpul;bdh;.

nfhz;l

ghbrhuzPafhkpdh cs;sijg; m t u ; f S i la j d ; D ld ; nrd;W kf;f splk;

( P a t i s a r a n i y a k a m i n a) rw;Wk; jh;k

jz;lid jUNthk; mioj;Jf; top

nghUl;gLj;jhky; nfhz;L vd;W vLj;Jiuj;J

,d;ndhUtiuAk;;

efUf;Fs;

cz;ik epiyia epahag;gLj;jj; Jtq;fpdhh;. mijf; gpl;Rf;fs; ngw;wpUe;j ehl;il mtd;jp; ,lq;fspy; nfhs;isia e l t b f ; i f fi s g ; Kwpabf;f fz;L mtu; NfhgKw;w tPl;il khw;W fUj;J ,l;L nfhz;l mtiu Nfhrk;gp kw;Wk; vd;w jtwhd mij

Rw;wp

Kw;Wif

mq;fpUe;Jj; mbj;Jj; Juj;j Kad;w nghOJ mtu; jhk; rpj;jpapdhy; Mfhaj;jpy; mq;F Gj;j g ht h gwe;J ( Pava)
jyk;)

n r d ; w i le ; j h h ; . (Avanti ,Ue;j

jw;nghOija

c[;[apdp

gpl;Rf;fsplk;; tUk; jk;Kila njhptpf;f

filgpbj;J gw;wpa clNd

gpl;Rf;fspd; e k ; g p f ; i f a hd

n r a ; j pi a

mtu;fs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-31gpf;Ff;fis mN`hfq;fh nrd;W $wpdhh;. ,jw;fpilNa ,Ue;j mWgJ gpl;Rf;fSk; gFjpf;Fr; te;jpUe;j gpl;Rf;fisAk; gpl;Rf;fspd; mUfpy; Nuthjh kpfTk; mtu;fs; mtu;fSld; M rh g h r q ; f i s gpl;Rf;fSk;> mtiuf; nrd;wdh;. mtd;jp Rkhh; fhz tpl;nlhopj;J mtd;jpapy; kw;Wk; mN`hfq;fh ghthtpy; cs;Supy; njhz;Zuhapuk; mtu;fs; ghthtpy; vz;gJ kiyg; ,Ue;J ,Ue;j
(90>000)

mq;F

mDg;gpdh;. vd;w rhdthrp

mjd; kiyg;

gpd;

me;j

Njuh jhNd vd;w

( Ahoganga) elg;G

gFjpf;F
Sanavasi)

rk;Gjh

( Sambhuta

NjuhtplKk;

e p i y f i sg ;

gw;wpa

nra;jpiaf;

,Ue;j

gpl;Rf;fisAk;; Nrh;j;J $l;lk; mq;fpUe;jJ. ( So r e y y a)

midtUk; ,Ue;j Njuh % j ; j tu ; .

xd;wpize;J ,e;jpahtpd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpapy; jf;frPyhtpd; nrhua;ah (Revata) Gj;jp vd;w ,lj;jpy; me;j vd;w Njuhtplk; Nfl;ltu; Ntrhyp nrd;wdh;. tajpy; rw;Wk;
(Vesali)

$u;ikahdtu;>

$wpaijf; Gwg;gl;L

jhkjpf;fhky; vq;Fk; vd;w ,lj;ij

topahf

epw;fhky; tpiuthf r`[hb nrd;wile;jhh;. ,jw;F vd;gtu; vd;w vd;W ,ilapy; mq;fpUe;j

( Sahajati)

Njuh

ry;`h

( thera Salha) gpd; mtu;

midj;J

tp\aq;fisAk; gpUk;kh jhk;

Nfl;lwpe;jg; flTSk;

ghthtpy; ,Ue;j gpl;Ff;fspd; Nghjdh KiwNa rpwe;jJ KbTf;F mwpTWj;j te;jhh;. mtUk; vd;w K d ; N j h d ; w p “ c d ; f U j ; j p y ; e p i y a h f e p w ; f N t z ; L k ;” jk;Kila nfhs;ifapy; , U e ; J k hW g lk hl ; N l d ; v d cW j p $ w p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-32,jw;fpilapy; khw;W Nuth MfNt topahf Vw;f NfhgKw;w jw;nghOJ gy;NtW gupRg; nghUl;fSld; je;j mg;gb $lhJ cs;s nrd;W te;jpUe;j Njuh

fUj;Jila

gpl;Ff;fs; Vw;ff;

gupRf;fis vdTk;

kWj;jJld; Jhatu;fs; me;j

nfhLf;fg;gLk; $wpdhh;;. tprhyp; vd;w kd;dd;

nghUl;fis

gpl;Ff;fs;

mq;fpUe;J ghlypGuk; mq;fpUe;j

gPfhupy;

Gg;g`Guhtpw;F Gdpju; rpy

(Pupphapura)

f y N r h f h t p l k ; ( K a l a s o k a ) ‘t h [ ; [ p a p y ; ( V a j j i ) v q ; f S i la epidtplkhd k`hthdtpfhupy; c q ; f S i la ,lj;ij vq;fs;
( M a h a v a n a - V i h a r a)

ehq;fs; trpf;fpd;Nwhk;. gpf;Ff;fs; vd ehq;fs; cq;fSila

ehl;by;

,Ue;J te;J

,Ug;gplj;jpw;F Mf;fpukpj;Jf; > mtu;fs; jil $wp je;J

nfhs;sg; vq;fs; tpjpf;f mtu;fs; rw;Wk; mtiu Nfhupdh;;. n r d ; w dh ; .
(11>90>000)

Nghfpd;Nwhk; ,Ug;gplj;jpw;F Ntz;Lk;. ,zq;f ntl;fk; ,g;gbahf jpir $ba

gaKWj;Jtjhy; vjpupy; vd mtUila jtwhd ve;j

tUtjw;F

ePq;fs;jhd; ngha;fisf;

vq;fs; ,d;wp

jPu;Tf;Fk;

khl;lhh;fs;’ k d ; d dp l k ;

jiyaPl;il jftiy jpUk;gpr;

jpUg;gpatu;fs; gjpNdhU

Ntrhypf;Fj;

M d h y ; m q ; F r ` [ h b a p N y h N j u h N u t h t p d ; j i y i k a py ; yl;rj;J njhz;Zhuhapuk; Gj;j gpf;Ff;fs; me;j tpthjj;jpw;F ey;y KbT fz;bl Ntz;Lk; vd jPu;khdpj;jpUe;jdh;. mjd; gpwF me;j murd; me;j tpthjj;Jf;F xU KbT fhZkhW jd;Dila ke;jpupfis mDg;gpdhh;. Mdhy; t e ; j t u ; f i s t o pa p y ; t e ; j N j t u ; f s ; j p i r j p U g ; g p t p l >
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-33Ntz;ba nrd;W ,lj;ij tpl;ldh;. jhd; tpl;L md;W tpyfp ,uT mtu;fs; me;j NtW vq;Nfh fdtpy; ,Ue;j t e ; j J. gwe;J k d ; d dp d ; ,lj;jpy; fdT thdpy;

Nyh`Fk;gpdp eufj;jpy; mr;rk; nrd;W
(Nanda)

( Lohakumbhi) fyq;fp

vdg;gLk; Nghd;w

js;sg;gl;lJ vOe;j tho;tpd;

mile;J

mtiu midj;J

nfhz;bUe;j> vd;gts;

R f q ; f i s Ak ; “N g h y p nra ;J fz;L nfhz;L eP kPz;Lk;

Jwe;J tpl;L Jwtpa hf khwpa mtUila rNfhjup ee;jh re;jpj;jhs;. Nfl;L eP mts; $wpdhs; jtiw milahsk; ,Ue;J $wp tpl;L ehl;bdhy; gpl;Ff;fs; $wpaijf; tpl;lha;. nfhs;. cz;ikahd m t u ; f Si l a ”. khngUk; eP epiy

gpf;Ff;fis gf;fk;

mtu;fSila kiwe;J Nghdhs;.

epahaj;ij

Mrpu;tjpf;fg;gLtha;

,g;gbahf

kWehs; fhiy vOe;j

cld;

me;j

kd;dd;; itrhypf;F gpd; epahak; ve;j czh;e;J ‘ c z ; i k a hd mij NkYk;

Gwg;gl;Lr; nrd;W mq;F $b ,Ue;j gpf;Ff;fis re;jpj;J ,U jug;G thjq;fisAk; Nfl;lwpe;j gf;fk; Nghjdh cs;sJ mjd; topia vd;gij gpd; czh;e;J nfhz;lhd;. njspthf mtu;fsplk; nfhz;Nld;.

gug;g vd;d nra;a Ntz;LNkh mij nra;Aq;fs;. mjw;F vd;Dila KO MjuTk;> cjtpfSk; mjw;F cz;L ’ vd mwptpj;jg; midj;J te;j gpd; jd;Dila jiyefUf;F t p t h j pj ; j d h ; . mtu;fSila jpUk;gpr; Njitaw;w ru;r;irfis nrd;whd;. mjd; gpd; ,U jug;gpdUk; fUj;Jf;fisAk; Njuh Nutjh xU ,lj;jpy; $b

t p t h j k ; n j h l h ; e ; J n f h z ; L , U f ; i fa p y ; m q ; F j p B h ; v d

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-34epWj;JkhWf; $wpa gpd;> jhd; mjw;F xU ey;y jPu;g;ig eLtu; ry;`h> %yk; njhptpg;gjhff; kw;Wk; $wpdhh;. vd;w me;j ehd;F
and

Vw;ghl;bd;gb mtu; fpof;Fg; gFjpia Nru;e;j Rg;gfhkp> F[;[Nrhgpjh thrghfkpfh
Salha,

gpf;Ff;fisAk;
Vasabhagam ika,) ;>

(Sabbakami, ghthit Gjy;thud
Yasa,

Khujjasobhita,

Nru;e;j ahrh
the son

Nutjh> kw;Wk;
of

rdrk;Gjh> Rkdh vd;w
and

fhfz;lfhtpd; (Revata,
Sumana)

Sänasambhüta,

Kakandaka,

ehd;F me;j

gpf;Ff;fisAk; gpur;ridf;F nfhz;L vl;L

nfhz;l midj;J Njuhf;fs;>

FO

xd;iw $wpdhh;;.

mikj;J mtu;fis

KbT

fhZkhW

mioj;Jf; (mrth) vd;w

M i r fi s Ak ; thypfhukh vd;gtu; midj;J

Jwe;jpUe;j (Valikarama) nrd;W %j;jtuhd Nfs;tpfs; Rg;gfhkp vd jd;

gFjpapy;> mq;F

m[pjh

( Ajitha)

Vw;ghL nra;J ,Ue;j mikjpahd> ahUkw;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; mkh;e;jdh;. kd Njuh Nfl;lhh;. $wg;gl;l jug;G gpd; te;jpUe;j ed;F gw;wp Kjypy; vy;yhk; gpl;Ff;fspd; e p i y i a Ak ; Nutjh> mtw;iw midj;J gj;J fl;lisfs; czh ;e ;jpUe;j Rg;gfhkpaplk; mLf;fLf;f hf Nfl;l Njuh jtwhd ,g;gbahf gj;J

tpthjj;jpw;Fwpa

KiwfSk;

Nghjdh topKiwfs;> mitfs; IjPfj;jpw;F vjpuhdit thjj;ij xd;whf khWgl;l jPu;khdk; vLj;Jiwj;jhh;. xd;wpd; tpthjj;jpw;Fwpa

fl;lisfisAk; gw;wpa Nfs;tpfs; Nfl;fg ;gl;L gjpy;fs; ngwg;gl;ld. Kbtpy; gpl;Ff;fshy; jtwhdit Rg;gfhkpia fil vd;w fUj;Jila gj;jhapuk;; te;j topKiwfs; Njuh Ehw;wp mtu; Vw;fg;gl;L gpbf;fg;gl;L

jiytuhf jiyik

epakpj;jdh;. gjtpapy;

,UgJ Mz;Lfs;

,Ue;jhh;. Njuh

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-35mde;jhtpd; Nutjh> ahrh> rPlu;fshf Rg;gfhkp > ry;`h (Salha)> k fd ; MW F[Nrhgpjh rk;Gj;j ( Khujjasobhita)> Mdhy; vd;w fhfd;lfhtpd; kw;Wk; Njuh

rhdthrpfh

(Sanavasika)

Njuhf;fs;> (Anuruddha) kw;Wk; ele;J ,g;gbahf

,Ue;jdh;. rPlu;fshf (Sumana)

mDUj;jhtpd; ( Vasabhagamika) , Ue ;jdh;. Vw;W Ehw;wpg; kPz;Lk; Vw;Wf; Nghjdh – Gj;jh; Kiwahf

thrgfhkpfh topKiwia Gj;j

Rkdh te;j

,UtUk; Njuhf;fSld; gpl;Ff;fs; jiytuhf Gj;jUila tsu;e;jpl Gupe;J fUj;Jiu

jhlfjhtpd; me;j Njuh mijj;
(112>000)

vl;L

gd;dpuz;lhapuk; xd;wpize;J nfhz;ldh;. K i w fs ; Nghjpj;j midj;ijAk;; gh\;aq;fisg; ghbrk;gpjh fhyk;

Nutjhit njhlh;e;J ed;F mwpe;J Kiwgb El;g

fhykhf njspthf gw;wp mjp

mjhtJ

nfhs;Sjy;>

midj;ijAk;

nfhs;Sjy;> toq;FNthh;> t o p f s py ; jk;khthd njhFj;J

kw;Wk; tpthjq;fis vjpu; nfhz;L thjk; nra;Nthh; - > ( p a t i s a m b h id a) vOEHW vd;w gpl;Ff;fs; ehd;F
(700)

ty;Ydh;fshd

rk;furhlfhdj;ij

(Samkhatasarakattam)

toq;fpLkhW Nfl;Lf; nfhs;sg;gl;ldh;. fhyNrhf j i y i k a py ; tpthjpj;J ekf;F Kf;fpa (Käläsoka) k d ; d dp d ; vl;L Ml;rpapy; Njuh khjj;jpy; ,Ue;j cWjp cyf ,Ue;j mtw;iw vd;w %d;W n r a ; j dh ; . M i r fs ;

thypfuhkhtpy;

( Valikarama) ;> $batu;fs; Vw;fg;gl;L nra;j

Nutjhtpd; jk;kh

Vw;fdNt

rk;furhlfhdj;ij ew;Nghjid

Kiwg;gb

kPz;Lk; Gj;jUk;> gw;ww;W

mtUila

fl;lisfshd

rpw;wpd;gk;>

Nghd;wtw;iw

tpl;nlhopj;J

t h o ; e ; j p U j ; j iy

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-36Filgpbj;jgb ,Ue;jthW cyf ed;ikf;F ghLgl;l midj;J gpl;Ff;fSk; ek; tzf;fj;jpw;Fwpatu;fs;. , g ; g b a h f G j ; j g f; j u ; f s p d ; k d j p y ; N g u h d e ; j k ; n g h q ; f p l top tFj;j ehd;fhk; ghfkhd ‘,uz;lhk; MNyhrid rig’ KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-3705: %d; w hk; MNyhrid rig
jk; k rq; f ahdh
Njuh EhW Gj;j k`hfhrg;ghtpdhy; tUlq;fs; rka njhFf;fg;gl;l Kjy; jk;kh

vd;w njhFg;G

Njuhf;fspd; Nghjid vdg;gl;lJ. Kjy; mtu;fSila NghjidfNs midj;J ghlrhiyg; gpf;Ff;fshy; gapw;rpfspYk; (b h i kk h u s) rigapy; ,jpy; NfhFypfh ( P a n n a t t i) gpuptpdh; k`hrk;`pfh Kjd;ikahf Vw;fg;gl;l Vw;fg;gl;l ,Ue;J ( Go k u l i ka) v d ; g i t. kw;Wk; (Mahasamghika)

,Ue;jd. Mdhy; khw;Wf; fUj;Jf;fisf; nfhz;l Rkhh; gj;jhapuk; Ng h j i d f s ; vd;w kw;Wk; ,uz;lhk; MNyhrid ntspahapd. gs;spfs;jhk; ,Ue;J (Cetiya) MW

Ng h j i d f S f ; F ngahpy; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l NfhFypfhtpy; ,Ue;J nrbfh

khwhf

Vf;tNah`upfh

( Ekavyoharika) gd;dhl;b vd;w

g ` _ y p f h ( Ba h u l i k a) v d ;w g p u p t p d h ; ; N j h d ;w > m t h ;f s p y ; Njhd;wpdh;. Njuh m j py ; vd;w NkYk; rk;kpjp Nghd;w ,Ue;J ,g;gbahf Nghjidfis Nj u h (Mahimsasaka) gpl;FfSk; jk;Kjhupah ( Bhadrayänika)> (Sammiti)> gpl;Ff;fs; rg;gj;jh kw;Wk; tpyfpdh;. topapdUk; k`hrk;`pfh Vw;fhj kw;Wk; mlf;fk;. tpl;L gpupit gpuptpdh; ntspNawpa mtu;fspy; Nrh;j;J Njhd;wpdh;. ( V a j j i p u t t a k a) ,Ue;J

FOit

k`pk;rrhfh

th[pGl;lf

(Dhammuttariya)> rz;lfhupfh t[;[pGl;la k`pk;rrhfh

gj;udhadpfh ( V a j j i p u t t i y a) gpf;Ff;fspy; kw;Wk;

(Chandagarika)>

(Sabbattha)

jk;kFl;bf;fh

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-38( D hammaguttika) gpl;Ff ;fSk; tpyfpdh ;. rk ;gl;lh gpuptpy;
, U e ;J f h r g ;g Pa h ( K a s s a p i y a) v d ;w g p u p T N j h d ;w > m j p y ; ,Ue;J rk;fd;bfh ( Samkantika) vd;w gpl;Ff;fSk; mjpy; ,Ue;J Rl;lh ( Sutta) vd;w gpuptpdUk; ,g;gbahfj; topapdupd; Nghjdh Njhd;wpd. ,uz;lhk; mjw;Fg; [k;Gjpgh rhfypfh N`kthlh rpj;jhj;jfh E h w ; w hz ; b y ; g p d ; d Uk ; (Sagaliya) (Jambudipa)> (Hemavata)> ( Sid d ha t t h a ka)> gjpNdO jk;kUfp vd;w %d;W Kjyhk; ghlrhiyfSk;> ( D h a m m a r u c i) ,lq;fspy; nrypah kw;Wk; kPjp; kw;Wk; ,Ue;j top Njhd;wpa MW gpupTkhf Kiwfisf; gd;dpuz;L Nru;j;J nfhz;l Njhd;wpdh;. Mf gpupTk; > nkhj;jk; Nghjid Njuh g j p n dl ; L rhiyfs;

Njhd;wpd.

mitfspy;

,yq;fhtpy;

,uh[fpupah (Seliya)

( Ra ja g i r i ya). gpl;Ff;fs; th[pupah

( f i r s t S e l i y a b h i k k h u s) ; >

nrypah>

( V a j i r i ya) N g h d ;w M W gpuptpdUk ; jdpj ;j d p N a g p u p e ;j d h ;.

m fupa ( A c a r i y a ) g s ; spfs ; g w ; w pa nra; j p ,jD ld ; K b e ; j J.
fyNrhfhtpw;F mtu;fSf;Fg; (Kalasoka) gpwF gj;J gps;isfs;; , U e ; j d h ;.

mtu;fs; ,Ugj;jp ,uz;L Mz;L fhyk; Ml;rp nra;jdh;. te;j ee;jh tk;rj;jpdh;;( Nanda) ,Ugj;jp ,uz;L Mz;Lfs; Mz;ldh;. fdf;fh (Canakka) te;j vd;w gpuhkzd;> nksupa vd;w ( Mo r i y a s) m o f pa

tk;rj;jpy;

fz;lFl;lh

( Ca n d a g u t t a)

,isQid [k;GjPghtpd; kd;ddhf epakpf;f> jd;Dila
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-39Ml;rpapd; ( Dha n a n a n da) nfhiy Mz;Lfs; mLj;j nghOJ vd;w nra;J ,Ugj;jp ,Ue;j kd;did tpl;lhh;. vl;L xd;gjhtJ guk mtu;; vjpupahf ,Ugj;jp mtUila Ml;rp EhW (Asoka) jded;jh ghtpj;J eh d ;F Gjy;th; nra;jhh;. g p s ; i s fs ; ; vd;gtu;

Ml;rpapy;

,Ue;jhh;. tUlq;fs; mNrhfh

gpd;Jrhuhtpw;F ,Ue;jdh;. khngUk; jd;Dila nfhd;W ntw;wp

( Bind u s ä r a) tPuu;>

mtu;fspy; jw;ijapd; tpl;L

Gj;jprhyp> g y ; N tW

guhf;fpukrhyp. kidtpfSf;Fg;

gpwe;jpUe;j njhd;Zhw;wp xd;gJ (99) rNfhjuu;fisAk; [k;GjPghtpy; Ml;rpf;F te ; j t u ; . m N r h f d ; M l ; r p V W i fa p y ; G d p j h ; e p g h d h i t m i l e ; J ,UEhw;wp gjpNdO (218) tUl fhyk; Kbe;jpUe;jJ. jhd; gjtp Vw;w ehd;F nrd;W cs;sNjh tUlq;fspy; jd;id me;j mNrhfd;

ghlypGuj;jpw;Fk; vj;jid Mok;

k d ; d dh f ; f p f ; msTf;F gue;J

nfhz;lhh;. mtUila Ml;rp NkNy Mfhak; Kjy; G+kp tpupe;jpUe;jJ.

Njtu;fs; (devas) jpdKk ; mNdhll;lh ( Anotatta) Vupapy; ,Ue;J kf;fspd; k i y a py ; ePu; n f hz ; L ,Ue;J te;jdh;. mij khk;gok;> eyk; me;j kd;dd; ,ka goq;fs; tz;zkpF Vupapd;; cgNahfj;jpw;Fg; Njtu;fs; cly; G+f;fs;> gad;gLj;jpdhh;. jUk;

tpjtpjkhd

tz;zkakhd Ng h d ; w t w ; i w j ; ,lj;ijNa Nj h w ; w k ;

nfhz;L tu> mtw;wpd; thrid me;j ,uk;kpakhf;fpaJ. Ie;J ( Chaddanta) rl;lhd;lh

mo$l;l>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-40mkpu;jkha; ,dpj;j ePupd; kzk;; mq;F tPrpa fhw;Wld; nky;y kpje;J te;jJ. e h f h ( n a g a ) k d ; d d ; j k ; e h l ; L g ; n g h U l ; f s ; > n j h L f ; f hj ky;ypifg; G+f;fs;> NjtNyhfg; G+thd jhkiu kyh;> fz; ik> gpw third jputpaq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iwf; nfhz ;L ,Ue;J tpise;j Njdpf;fs; g w i t fs ; kd;dDf;F KbR+l;L n g U ik te;J ju> rjd;j ;jh ( Chaddanta) Vupf; fiuapy; nfhz;L te;J mur nfhl;l> mtw;wpd; %yk;

njhd;Zhwhapuk; (90>000) tz;basT mhprpia fpspfSk; jhdpaq;fs; cilj;J ,dpa FLk;gj;J czthapd.

njhlh;e;J $L fl;b Njd; Njd; mUe;jpd. vOg;g je;jd. mLj;j fhdk;

n f h L j ; j d. f u b f S k ; ; m i j fhutpfh

(Karavika)
mNrhfd; itj;J

mit

midj;Jk;

kfpo;r;rpiaj; ( Tissa) jdf;F

,jw;fpilNa gjtpapy;

tpohtpy; jd;Dld;; gpwe;j ,isa rNfhjud; jp];]hit mku gLj;jpdhh;;.

, g ; g ba hf kd ; d d ; mNrhfdpd ; KbR+l ; L t p o h ,dpNj K b e ; j J.
mNrhfUila cjtpfs; jd;Dila mtu; Ng u h i r nra;J j e ;i j %d;W jhdj;jpy; m i y ti j f ; mWgjhapuk; tUl itj;J fz;l fhyk; (60>000) mtu;fis Mdhy; Gj;jprhyp

g p u h k z h ; f S f ; F m t u ; f S i l a N j i tf S f ; N f w ; g g y ; N t W mutizg;gpy; ,Ue;jhh;. me;j

nfhLj;j nfhz;L

mtu;fs;

jpUg;jpAwhky;

kd;dh; ,dp mtutu; jFjpf;Nfw;gNt jhdk; ju Ntz;Lk; vd KbT nra;jhh;. te;j mwpQu; g y ; N tW n f h s ; i f f i s g ; g p d ; g w ; w p xU Nru j d ; D i la midtiuAk;;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-41rigf;F tutioj;J gpd; xt;xUtUila jpwikiaAk; j h Nd Nrhjpj;jg; m t u t u ; f S i la jpwikf;Nfw ;g

mtu;fSf;F jhdk; nfhLj;J mDg;gyhdhh;. xU ehs; me;j kd;dd; rhkePu muz;kid epf;Nuhjh nrd;W [d;dy; mUNf nfhz;L

epw;wpUe;jgb ,Ue;j vd;w fhz me;j xUtu; mtu;

ntspapy; mikjpahf kPJ

Ntbf;ifg;

ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;L md;G

nghOJ

( s a m a n e r a N i g r o d h a) ,Ug;gijf; ntspg;gl;lJ. %j;jg;

jd;idawpahky; gpe;Jrhuhtpd;

,isQd;

( Bindusära)

gps;isahd ,sturd; Rkd;dhtpd; ( Sumana) kfd;. gpd;Jrhuh cly; eykpd;wp g L f ; i fa p y ; te;j tpOe;j gpd; vd;w kuzk;

c[;[apdpia mq;fpUe;Jf; ghlypGuj;jpw;F mile;jJk;

(Ujjeni) fpsk;gp>

Mz;L

kd;dd; je;ij

mNrhfd;

Gg;gGuh cld;

(P u p p h a p u r a) ; gpwe;j

te;jhh;.

m t U i la

jd;Dila

r N f h j u i df ;

n f h d ; W t p l ; L m i d j ; J , u h [ ; a j ; j p w ; F k ; k d ; d dh f j h d ; KbR+l;bf; nfhz;lhh;;. Rkd;dhtpd; Rkd;dh Xb mq;F fd;lyh k i dt p a h d ( candälas) me;j Mz; mth; vd;w ngaiuNa thry; vd;w fhty; gpwf;f mtis nf hz;l nrd;whs;. kuj;jbapy; ngah;

( Sumana) epf;Nuhjh

vd;gts; fpof;F ( Nigrodha) kuj;jpd; gps;is

topNa jg;gp

fpuhkj;jpw;F

jq;fpatis mtSf;F fz;L xU

nja;tk; mjw;F

n r h y ; y p m i o j ; J x U F b i ri a f l ; b j ; j e ; j J . m d ; N w epf;Nuhjh Ngha; vdg; ngaupl;lhs;. me;j fpuhkj;jpd; jiyahup> mtisf; kdkpwq;fp jd;Dld; mioj;Jg;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-42jd; k i d t p a h f ; f pf ; te;jhh;. nfhz;L me;j VO tUlq;fs; xU mtSld; Njuh th o ; e ; J fl;lj;jpy; ehs;

k ` h t U z h ( M a h a v a r u n a) v d ;g t u ; m e ;j j h A l d ; , U e ;j g p s ; i s i a f ; f z ; L m t N d j d ; D i la t h u p R v d K b T fl;ba gpd; mtid jd;Dld; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha; nkhl;ilabj;J jd;Dila nrd;W nfhz;L mtid fhz ,Ue;j xU Jwtpahf gf;f khw;wpdhh;. topNa kd;dd; jhahiuf; njw;F thry; me;j

mtiuj;jhd;

ghh;j;jhd;. mtiuf; fz;ltDf;F mtUld; jhd; Kd;Ng g o f p a J N g h d ; w cz h ; T V w ; g l ; l J . Kd;ndhU tp a h g h u k ; ,UtUk; vLj;J Rj;jkhd jd;Dila Nj d ; Neuj;jpy; mtu p l k ; ‘mNjh fhyj;jpy; nra;J mq;Fk; te;jdh;. Njd; %d;W rNfhjuu;fs; xUtu; Njd; Njid

te;jdh;. ,q;Fk; Vw;gl;l

mtu;fspy;

CUf;Fs; nfhz;L nrd;W tpw;gid nra;J te;jhu;. kw;w miye;J Gj;j Njid Jwtp Nrfhpj;J xUtUf;F Ng h l nrd;W Mw;w me;j kw;nwhU ,jdpilapy; Njitg;

(paccekabuddha) Ng];fGj;jh

fhaj;jpw;F gl;lJ. gpl;ir

kUe;J vLf;fr; fhaj;ij

mtUf;fhf

vd;gtu;

CUf;Fs; vd

rNfhjuUf;F jz;zPu;

Vw;gl;bUe;j miye;J te;j

fpilf;Fkh

jpupe;jhh;. xU fhl;bf;

vLf;f ,Ue;j

ngz;kzp $wpdhs; mtuplk; me;j mtu; N j d; G j ; j k h u p lk ; kPwp

vNjw;irahf mtUila Njitia mwpe;J nfhz;l gpd; Jhuj;jpy; me;j xUtiuf; filNa Njd; ,lj;jpy; Njd; ,Uf;fpd;whNu jd;dplk; te;j

nry;Yq;fs;. tp a h g h u p A k ; kUe;Jf;nfd nfhz;L

mtuplk; jhdkhf te;jpUe;j

cs;sJ’ nfhLf;f

fpz;zj;Jld;

rpwpjsT

ghj;jpuj;ijAk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-43r p e ; j p a J . ‘[ k ; G j P g h t p y ; , U e ; J t e ; J j h d j ; i j j ; j u t o p tFj;Js;s vd Mirg; vd;Dila g L f pd ; N w d ; ’ ehd; mKjj;ij rk;uh[;ak; vd;whh;;. Mfhaj ;jpYk ;> Njidg; $Wtjhf GkpapYk; ehY Nahrid ePsj;jpw;F gutp epw;f Ntz;Lk; ‘vd;dplk; ngw;Wf; e Pq ; f S k ; mtUld; Nfl;l kQ;rs; vdf; nrd;wtu;; me;j te;jpUe;j tpUk;gpaij epiwNtw;wpdhy; $wpdhh;. mijf; kQ;rs;

mUe;jyhk;’ vdf;

rNfhjuu;fsplKk; rNfhjuu;;

mtUila cilapy; $wpdhh;.

%j;j

‘v g ; n g h O J N k ,Uf;f

cil mzpe;J fhl;rp jUk; fz;lyhthfj;jhd; ( candalas); te;jpUe;j mtUk; Ntz;Lk;’ top mLj;j rNfhjuu; $wpdhh; ‘G j ; j u ;

te;jtUld; nry;Ntd;;’ ,Ue;jhYk; ,Uf;Fk;

(paccekabuddha)> ,g;gbahf mtUila

fly;

topNa Ngrpf; jhk;

ehDk; nfhz ;L mila me;j me;j Kjy;

mtu;fs; njhpe;J

Mrpu;thjj;jpdhy; gupG+uz Gj;j

ed;ik mNj

gw;wp

nfhz;ltu;fs; Jwtpia k d ; d dp d ;

Ntz;LNfhSf;F njhptpj;jdh;. tpahghupaplk; ‘mtu; $wpaJ

jk;Kila Neuj;jpy; nrd;w mioj;Jr; ele;J

rk;kjj;ij $wpdhs;

ngz;kzp

tpl;lhy;

k i d t p a h f , U f ; f e h d ; M i r g ; g L f p d ; N w d ;’ . me;j Njd; tpahghup me;j NtW vtUk; my;y. mrk;jpkpj;jh mtu; kd;dd; ( Asam d h im i t t a)

mNrhfNd.

ngz;kzp

v d ; g t s ; . f z ; l y h v d ;W $ w p a t u ; f z ; l y h v d ; w , l j ; j p y ; trpj;J te;j epf;Nuhjh ( Nigrodha) vd;gtu;. fly; kPNjwp nry;Ntd; vdf; $wpatu; b];]h (Tissa ) vd;gtu;. jhd; tpNkhrdk; mila Ntz;Lk; vd Mirgl;ljw;F Vw;g VO
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-44VO tUlj;jpy; Jwtpahdhh;. epf;Nuhjhitf; fz;ltu; mtu; k PJ jd;idawpahky; mij Vw;W md;G nksdkhf me;j ve;j nfhz;L ve;j tpj rw;Wk; rydKk; $wpdhh ; jhkjpf;fhky; mtiu jk; rigf;F tUkhW me;j kd;dd; mioj;jhh;;. ,d;wp e Pq ; f s ; mq;F me;j kd;dd; rigf;F mku ,y;iy te;jtuplk; NtW mwpe;J kd;dd; Gj ; j ngU

‘cq;fs; jFjpf;Nfw;w Mrdk; itj;Js;Nsd;. mjpy; te;J Ntz;Lk;.’ vd;gij nrd;W gpl;Ff;fSk; te;jtu; k f po ; r p A w ; w je;J gw;wpa mtUf;F jj;Jtj;ij nfhz;l te;J czT mtu; gpd;

Mrdj;jpy; mNrhfd;>

mku;e;jhh;. nra;J>

Mrdj;jpy; gpd;du; me;j

mkh;e;jtUf;F tiffs; me;j kfhdplk;

gytpjkhd cgrupj;jhh;. (samanera); tpsf;fq;fs;

cgrhuq;fs; mjd; Nfl;f> ra;Gj;jupd;

Nghjidfisg; rhkdPuhTk; vd;w

mg;ghkjthfh cgNjrpj;jhh;;.

(Appamadavagga)

me;j Nghjidfs; kd;ddpd; kdijj; njhl;L tpl mtu; epf;Nuhjhtplk; $wpdhh; czTg; gz;lq;fis ‘ehd; cq;fSf;F vl;L t p j k hd gilf;fpd;Nwd; ’ vd;wtuplk; ‘ehd;

mij vd; FUtpw;F rku;gpf;fpd;Nwd;’ vd;whh; me;j gpl;F. K j y p y ; m s p j ; j c z T m i d j ; i j Ak ; m t u ; j d ; D i l a FUtpw;Ff; fhzpf;if Mf;fp tpl> kd;dd; ,d;Dk; mNj msT msT czT czT je;jhh;. je;jhh; mijAk; kd;dd;;. jd;Dld; mijAk; te;j Vw;Wf; te;jpUe;j g p l ; F f ; f S f ; F m t u ; j e ; J t p l r i s f ; f h k y ; , d ; D k ; m Nj nfhz;lth; mLj;j ehsd;W jd;Dld;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-45Kg;gj;jp nrd;whh;. mtu;fSf;F mtUf;F ,uz;L mq;F czT nra;a xUtu; gpl;Ff;fisAk; me;j kd;dd; Ntz;ba mioj;Jf; jd; kdk; nfhz ;L J h a N g h j i d f i s K i w a h f n g w ; w k d ; d dp d ; , U g ; g p l k ; ifapdhNyNa kfpo;e;j Jwtp gw;wpa gwpkhwpl

f l i k fi s g ;

Nghjidfis vLj;Jiwj;jhh;.

,g; g bahf rkdP u h epf; N uhjhtpd; tp[ak; Kbtile; j J.

, d ; d p i y a py ; gpl;Ff;fspd; cau;e;jJ. jtpu;j;J tpl;L

mDjpdKk; vz;zpf;if t e ; j tu ; f s p y ;

n g W f pf ; ,Ue;j

nfhz;Nl Nghyp

Nghd
(60>000)

mWgjhapukhf gpl;Ff;fSf;F

gpl;Rf;fis jpdKk;

mWgjhapuk;

jhdKk; gpl;irAk;; je;jtz;zk; kd;dd; ,Ue;jhh;. Rit efiuNa Ml;fSf;Ff; nrd;w vOe;jUSkhW ‘cq;fSila Nghjidfs;;; vd;gij ‘nkhj;jk; kpf;f czT tiffis itf;FkhWk; gpwg;gpj;jg; mq;F gpd; jk; kfh mWgjhapuk; j d ; D i la gpl;Ff;fsplk; m u z ; k i d f; F te;jg; gpd; j j ; J t h h ; j ; j k hd cau;e;jit Nfl;l vd;gtu; mijf;
T i s s a)

gpl;Ff ;fSf;fhf tpiuthf jahupj;J itf;FkhWk;> m e ;j myq;fupj;J fl;lis kd;dd;

mtu;fis kfhDila

Ntz;bdhd;. ( dhamma)

mtu;fs;

ve;j

tpjj;jpy;

vLj;Jiuf;f cs;s

Ntz;Lk;’. ( Moggaliputta
( 80>000 )

Nkhfypg;Gl;lh-jp];]h

vz;gjhapuk;

Nghjidfspd;

jj;Jtj ;ijAk; tpsf;fkhf tptupf;fpd;Nwd;’ vd;whh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-46v z ; g j ; j p e h y h a p u k ; ( 8 4 > 0 0 0 ) e f u q ; f s py ; n j h d ; D h w ; w p MW Nfhb ( 96>00>00>000 ) gzk; nryT nra;J xt;xU efupYk; t p f h u h v d ; w n g a hp y ; G j ; j k l q ; f i s e p W T k hW f l ; l i s ,l;lg; gpd; jhNd mNrhfukh vd;w tpfhuhit kd;dd; fl;lj; Jtq;fpdhh;. epf;Nuhjh kw;Wk; mtUld; $l ,Ue;j kw;w ,UtUf;Fk; xt;xUtUf;Fk; ,Ue;J ,Ue;j fpilj;j jyh xU yl;rk;
(1>00>000)

ehzaj;ij

mDjpdKk; nfhLj;jJ kl;Lk; ,d;wp ];Jhghtpy;( thupa) f h z p f ; i f fi s me;j nra;J ,Ue;J me;je;j tpfhuhf;fspy; mspj;jhh;. ehd;F fhy ePupy; ,uhzp je;jhh;.
(60>000)

gpl;Rf;fspd; kf;fSk; G+h;j;jp

Njitf;fhf

kd;dd;

mq;fpUe;j Vhpapy;

gpl;Ff;fspd; te;jdh;. nfhz;L gq;if

NjitfisAk;

md;Ndhj;jl;jh tug;gl;l gl;lj;J

(Ano ta t t a-lak e)

,uz;L gq;if jdf;Fk;> xU mWgJ Njuhf;fspd; jq;fp mD

mrj ;jpkpj;jhtpd; (Asamdhim itta) cgNahfj;jpw;Fk; kPjpia cgNahfj;jpw;Fk; ,Ue;j jpdKk; mWgjhapuk;
(16>000)

muz;kidapy; gpl;Rf;fSf;Fk;> gpl;Rzp;fSf;Fk;

gjpdhwhapuk; e h fy j ;

ngz; vd;w

(na ga l a t h)

gy; tpsf;Fk; Fr;rpfisj; ju Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jhh;. ,g;gb , U f ; i f a py ; te;j xU ehs; ehd;F Gj;j gpl;Rf;is k`hfhyh

Mjupj;J

ehfh;fspd;

(naga)

kd;ddhd

(Mahakala) vd;gtiug; gw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;gl;L mtiu jq;fr; r q ; f y p N g h l ; L j d ; m u z ; k i z f ; F m i o j ; J t u V w ; g hL nra;jhh;. ,Ue;j te;jtiu Mrdj;jpy; nra;J> caukhd mkur; ,lj;jpy; nrhy;yp>
(16>000)

itf;fg;gl;L mtUf;F ngz;

G\;ghu;rid

gjpdhwhapuk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-47ngz; mwpTk; Nghjidfis topgLk; nfhLj;J rpd;dKk;> njhiytpw;F gpl;Fzp;fisAk; nra;j kd;dd; > n f hz ; l tpjj;jpw;Nfw;g cjtpl vz;gJ xsp mtiu $wpdhh; Rw;wp ‘ epw;f fhl;Lk; Gj;jUf;F cUtk; mtUila itj;J Mw;wYk;> jj;Jt ehd; mikj;Jf; cgrhuk; mstw;w

ey;top je;Js;s xU

ekf;nfy;yhk; Ntz;Lk;’ gpw

Ntz;LNfhis epiwe;j> Gj;jh; ntF

V w ; W f ; n f h z ; l e h f k d ; d d ; K g ; g j ; j p , u z ; L m w ; G j k hd rpd;dq;fSk; xU mofpa tPRk; rpiyia

m q ; N f g i lj ; j h h ; . me;j mw;Gj rpiyiaf; vd;why; fz;L tpae;J Nghd kd;dd; fhl;rp j h l f h jh ‘tpopfSf ;F xd;iw

epidj;jhh; mspf;fpd;wJ kaq;fpa tpUe;J’ Jtf;fpdhh;.

‘,e;j

rpiyNa

,g;gb

mw;Gjkhff; me;j

cz;ikapy;

v j ; j i d m o f h f , U e ; j p U g ; g h h ; ? ’ m e ; j r p i y a p d ; m o f py ; kd;dd; vd;w cldbahf VO kWehNs ehs;

ngaupy;

itgtk;

Gj ; j jj ; J tj; j py ; ,i ze ; j mNrhfh; gFjp ,jDld ; K b T ng w ; w J
,uz;lhk; k d ; d dp d ; milag; mg;gbg;gl;l jFjpahdtu; MNyhrid gw;wp Ml;rp epiy vq;Nf rig fzpj;j Gj;j vd;w ,Ug;ghh; ele;Njwpa Njuhf;fSf;F jj;Jtk; njhpa jLj;J nghOJ me;j te;jJ. epWj;j rpe;jpf;fj; gytPdk;

tUq;fhyj;ijg;

fhyj;jpy; Vw;glhky;

Nghfpd;wJ

cz;ik mij vd

mtu;fs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-48Jtq;fpa nghOJ gpUk;k Nyhfj;jpy; mtu;fs; gpUk;k ,Ue;j gpUk ;k jp];]h (Brahmä Tissa ) vd ek;gg;gl;l $wp> mtu; ,dp mjp me;j vd;gtu; Qhdpahd epiyia me;j me;j mij vz;zj;jpy; jp];]htplk; kl;LNk kf;fspy; Ntz;Lk; m e ;j vd tUk;

Njhd;wpdhh;. ,dp mjpf fhyk; capNuhL ,Uf;f khl;lhh; m t u ; f s ; n r d ; W m t u p l k ; t u , U f ; F k ; j P i k i a g ; ; g w ; w pa tptuk;; KbAk; xUtuhf vd;W jj;Jtk; jLf;f epiyia mtuhy; jLf;f fhyk; v d ; g j p d hy ; Ntz;bdh;. ehl;L Vw;Wf; kd;ddpd; nfhz;l

gpwe;J Rlh;tpl;L rpf;fth

mtUk;

gpufhrpf;Fk; kw;Wk; kjk;

c W j p n k h o p j e ; j hh ; . m t u ; f s p y ; , U e ; j , u z ; L k h n g U k ; Kdptu;fshd
(Siggava
and

fz;lth[p mopAk;.

vd;gtu;fs; gjpndl;L fhz mij K b a h J. nkh`y;yp rpy t Pl ;bw ;F mijf;

Candavajji)

gpl ; F f ; f s p l k ; ‘ E h w ; w p
,Uf;f jLj;J Jtq;Fk;. tPl;by; kPz;Lk; khl;Nlhk;. epWj;j mtu; mtu; gpUk;k g pw g ; G xUtu;

tUlq;fs; ehq;fs; Mdhy;
( Moggali)

Md

gpd;

,e;j

capUld; mjd; vd;w gpd; mJ

gpf;Ff;fshfpa v d ; g t u p d hy ; fhyk;

cq;fshy; n[hypf;fj; gpuhkzu; gpd;

jp];]htpdhy; vLg;ghh;.

fope;jg;

cq;fspy;

nrd;W vg;gbahtJ mtiu ,e;j kjj;jpy; ,izj;J tpl N t z ;L k ;> , d ;n d h U t u ; m t U f ;F r k ;G j ;j u p d ; (S a m b u d d ha ) jhj;gh;aj;ij vLj;Jiuf;f Ntz;Lk;. Ntrhypapy; ( Vesali) jhrfh (Dasaka) vd;w xU gpuhkzh; t h o ; e ; J t e ; j h h ; . m t u ; N j u h c g h y p a p d ; r P l h ; m t u ; R k hh ; gd;dpuz;L mtUld; fw;W Kbj;j tUlq;fs; ,d;Dk; gpd; Ntj ghlk; rPlu;fSk; thypfh fw;W mij
( Valika)

mwpe;jhh;. fw;wdh;. klj;ij

Kd;DhW mtu;fs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-49epWtp mij epu;thfpj;J gw;wp te;j Njuh jkf;F jd;dplk; ‘ X… xU Nghy cghyp
(Upali)

vd;gtuplk; vspatuplk; gpuhkzNu> ,Ue;J

nrd;W Njuh

Ntjq;fspy; Nfl;lwpe;jdh;. cghyp;

Ghpahj te;j

gy xU

tp\aq;fisg;

Nfl;lhh; mJ

fw;wwpe;j midj ;J

midj;J

NghjidfSk;

Nghjidapy;

ntsp

te;jitjhd;.

NghjidfSk; xNu NghjidAld;

rq;fkpj;J tpLfpd;wJ.

mg;gb vd;why; me;j %y Nghjid vJthf ,Uf;Fk; ?’ mg;gb xU Nfs;tpia gjpy; Gj;j mg;gbg;gl;l jdf;Fk; Nfl;l V Jk ; $w Njuhtplk; vJ vd;W me;j v s pa MfNt $wpdhh;. nra ;a

gpuhkzupdhy; NjuhtplNk Nfl;f ‘mg;gb ‘mJNt

Kbatpy;iy. vd Njuh

Nghjid ke;jpuk;;’ me;j

tpag;Gld;

vd;why;

ke;jpNuhgNjrk; Ntz;Lk;’

K b A k h ’ v d m e ; j g p u h k z h ; N f l ; f ‘m i j f w ; f N t z ; L k ; vdpy; vq;fSld; ePq;fs; ,iza vd Njuh $wpdhh;. jhrfh jhahh;> vd;w me;j gpuhkzu; vd jd;Dila FU nrd;W kw;Wk; m e ;j

je;ij

midtuplKk; gw;wpf;

ke;jpuj;jpd; njhpatpy;iy. mq;fpUe;j
(upasampada)

jj;Jtk; Njuhtplk; cgNjrk; Mapuk;

Nfl;lhh;.xUtUf;Fk;
(pabbajjä)

g p d ; d u ; R k h h ; K d ; D h W g p u h k z h ; f S ld ; nrd;W ghg[;[h mjd; vd;w

c g N j r k ; n g w ; w d h ; . g p w F m e ; j g p u h k z h ; c g r k ; g h j h t pd ; ngw;whh;. gpd; jhrfhTld; cghyp Nru;e;J te;j gpuhkzh;fSf;F ,Ue;j Njuh

jpgpjfh (tipitaka) vd;w mtu;fSld;

cgNjrj;ij mspj;jhh;. ,ilNa kw;w Mupau;fs;

,izahky;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-50midtUk; Gj;j rhuhk;rkhd gpjfhit
(pitakas)

Njuhf;fsplk; ,Ue;Jf; fw;W mwpe;jdh;. fhrpapy; nra;J tp\akhf NtYthd tUk; te;j gpuahzpfSf;F Nrhdfh jd;
(Veluvana)

top

fhl;Lgtuhf vd;gtu;;

Ntiy tpahghu

(Sonaka)

ngw;NwhUld; fpupghg[h (Giribbaja) klj;Jg; gpupit Nru;e;j Ik;gj;jp

v d ; w C U f ; F t e ; j p U e ; j h h ; . g j pi d e ; J t a j h d m t U l d ; I e ; J g p u h k z h ; f Sk ; t e ; j p U e ; j d h ; . mq;F te;j mtu;> gy rPlu;fSld; mq;F ,Ue;j

jhrfhit cgNjrj;ijg; NjuhNth mjdhy; jd;Dila nfhz;L

ghh;j;jhh;. jd;idAk; mwpahky; mtu; kPJ gw;wpa tpsf;fk; Ntis nrd;W fw;wwpe;jJ Nfl;lhh;. tpujk; mjw;F ,Ue;jg; me;j gpd;

khpahij nfhz;lhh;. mtuplk; nrd;W gg;g[;[h (pabbajja) jd;Dila Nrhdfh Mrpupaiuf; Nfl;FkhW $wpdhh;. ngw;Wf; kw;Wk; %d;W Mapuk; khztuhf

%d;W

ngw;Nwhh;fSila jhrfhtplk;; ed;F

rk;kjj;ijAk; gg;g[;[h kl;Lk; ,d;wp

cgrk;ghjhit g Pj f h f ; f i s A k ; rp\;ah;fspy;

fw;wwpe;jhh;. rpwg;G kpf;f

midj;J Kjy;

M i r fi s Ak ;

J w e ; J m e ; j g P j f hf ; f i s f w ; W f ; n f h s ; s t e ; j epiy Nrhdfh tpsq;fpdhh;. mNj rkak; ghlyp %d;W kyupd;
(patali
f l o w e r)

n g a i uf ; Vw ; g te;jtu; mtu;; IEhW

nfhz;l

ghlypGuj;jpy;

%d;W

fhyj;jpw;Fk; trpj;J mtu;

fl;lg;gl;bUe;j mq;fpUe;j xU

m u z ; k i z a py ; kfd;.

rpf;fth (Siggava) vd;w gjpndl;L taJ ,isQu;. ke;jpupapd;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-51giltPuu;fs; ez;gUkhd Ff;Fjhukh R+o > ,d;ndhU ke;jpupapd; kfDk; jdJ ,Ue;j fz;lth[p
( C a n d a v a j j i)

vd;gtUlDk; ,lj;jpy; jq;fp

fpsk;gp

( Kukkutarama)

vd;w

Njuh Nrhdfhtplk; nrd;whh;. mtu;fs; neba Nfl;l Nfl;l vd;wdh;. vg;nghOJ my;yJ %o;fpatu;fs;; cs;Nshupd; nrd;w Neuj;jpy; (trance) mtu; mtu; me;j gjpy; Njuh jd;id kwe;j rpf;fth MfNt v df ;

jpahdj;jpy; Nfs;tpfSf;F

M o ; e ; j pU e ; j j p d h y ; jutpy;iy. vg;nghOJ mtu;fs;

mq;fpUe;jtu;fsplk; jpahdj;jpy;

NgRthh;

rpf;fthtplk; me;j gpl;Rf;fs; vtu; xUtu; neba cs;sdNuh mg;gb mtu; vOthh; mjw;fhd Ntz;LNfhis Ngr jpahdk; Nfl;ljpw;F> Kbe;J Vw;Nwh> Vw;Nwh khl;lhh;fs; fiye;J j p a h d j ; j py ; tpl;lhNyh> my;yJ my;yJ $l kuzk; vd;why; vdf; Neuk;

Mrhdpd;

miog;ig

m i l a g ; N g h F k ; j U k z k ; N g h d ; w f h u z q ; f s h y ; k l ; L Nk f z ; t p o pj ; J g j p y ; j U t h h ; f s ; v d f ; $ w p d h ; . ,g;gb tpjp Ngrpagb nja;t me;j fz; ,Ue;jJ. Vw;W MtYld; mUs; gpl;Ff;fs; fhj;jpUe;j fpilf;f Ntz;Lk; m e;j kdjstpy; m e ;j vd;w nfhLj;j ,isQd; ‘v e ; j xd;wpy; v d ; w hy ; vd;W

,isQu;fSf;F miog;ig njhpe;J xd;W ehDk; yapj;Jf;

tpopj;jtuplk; ?’ vd;W vdf; $w Nfl;f jUNkh mtu;;>

‘kjpg;Gf;Fwpa ePq;fs; vd;Dld; Ngr kWj;jJ Vd; vdj; nfhs;syhkh kdjpw;F me;j fple;Njd; ’; mtUk;> me;j mg;gb kfpo;rpiaj;

kfpo;rpia

Ritf;f

tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-52jd; M i ri a n t s p g ;g L j ; j tho;gtu;fshy; ‘v q ; f i s g ; kl;LNk Nghd;w tho;if Kiwapy; me;j k f po ; r ; r p i a

mila KbAk;; ’ vd;whh; me;j Njuh. jq;fSila nfhz;L ghg[;[h rpf;fthTk;> kl;Lk; ,d;wp jh;fj;ijAk; ngw;Nwhh;fSila rk ; k j j ; i j g ; mtu;;fSld; cgNjrk; ed;F %d;W ngw;Wf; IEhW

rpf;fthTk;> kw;Wk;

fz;lth[pAk; cgrk;ghjh

ez;gu;fisAk; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L Nrhdfhtplk; nrd;W n g w ; w dh ; . fw;wwpe;jJ gPjfh vd;w MW fz;lth[pAk; Nrhdfhtplk; fw;wwpa> mtw;iw ,Ue;J mjd;

tpisthf

rpj ;jpfisAk; (supernormal powers) mtu ;fs ; ngw;wdh;. mjd; vd;gij mtUila czh;T cldbahf re;jpf;f $wpdhh;. md;iwa mtUf;Ff; rpf;fth ,ilNa jp];]h khdpl n[d;kk; VO vLj;Js;shh; tUl nry;’ fhyk; mJtiu vd;w vl;lhtJ nrd;whh;. jhdk; ngha;

czh;e;J kdjpy;

nfhz;l ‘,dp

rpf;fth ,d;Dk;

mtUila tPl;bw;F mbf;fb nrd;W Njhd;whky; nkhfhypapd; ‘vd; ,Ue;jJ.
(Moggali)

tuyhdhh;. cs;Ns Mdhy; tPl;bw;Fr;

tUlj;jpy; me;j ke;jpur; czu;T mtu; kdjpy; vo mtu; t Pl ; b D s ; n r d ; W t p l ; L n t s p N a t e ; j t i u N j u h n k h f hy p mtuplk; me;j tPl;by; Nfl;l Jtq;f> ,Ue;J ,Jtiu ngw;wPu;fsh’ vdf; Nfl;lnghOJ gjpiyf; j p d j ; j py ; nfhLf;fj; mbf;fb ,Ue;J ‘n g w ; N w d ; ’ v d g ; g p u hk z U k ; jd;Dila

jpUg;jpAw;W czitAk; tPl;bw;F nky;y

mtu;fSila nky;y

tp[ak;

nra;ayhdhh;.

me;j tPl;by; ,Ue;j midtUk; mtUila Nghjidfis
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-53Vw;fj; Jtq;fp mtiuAk; jk; t P l ; b du h f N t Vw;fj; Jtq;fpdh;. fhyk; mjw;Fs; nky;y me ; j jtpw XbaJ. mtu; jp];]htpw;F %d;W gjpdhW tajhapw;W. rpwg;ghf xJf;fptpl;L khh;fkhf j k ; K i la

Ntjq;fisAk; midtiuAk; Ntjj;ij

fw;wwpe;J Gyik ngw;W tpl;lhh;. me;j NjuhTk; nky;y me;j tPl;by; ,Ue;j thypgUld; kw;wtu;fs; tpthjpf;f mkUk; xU mtu;

itj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. xU ehs; jp];]htpd; Mrdj;ijj; Mrdq;fis rf;jpapdhy;
(Brahma-world)

kiwa

itj;Jtpl;lhh;.

gpUk;kNyhfj;jpy; mg;gb xU

, U e ; J t e ; j p U e ; j j p d hy ; m e ; j N j u h j h d ; Jha;ikahf itj;jpUf;f

mkUk; Mrdj;ij

epiyia Vw;gLj;jp tpl;lhh;. me;j jkf;F NjuhTk; mtUf;F gpuhkzd; Njuh vd;W mtiu gy tPl;by; mkuf; epd;W xU ,Ue;jtu;fs; $l Mrdk; tPl;by; Mrdk; nfhz;Nl tPl;by; ,Uf;f Eioe;j thypgd; nfhLj;jhh;. fz;L nghOJ fz;ldh;. jp ];]h ,jd; fLk;

,y;yhjijf;

mikj;Jf; ,Ue;j

,ilNa jd;Dila FUtpd; tPl;bw;Fr; nrd;W jpUk;gpa epiyiaf; me;j NfhgKw;W mtuplk; fLikahfg; Ngrpdhh;. mjw;F me;j mikjpahf Nfl;lhh;. Nrhjpf;f ‘cdf;F ke;jpuk; njhpAkh’ Njuhtplk; ,Ue;J mJ mijNa vz;zpa me;j g p u hk z D k ;

j p U g ; g p f ; N f l ; f > N j u h ‘j d f ; F m J n j h p A k ; ’ v d ; w T l d ; gpuhkzd; mtuplk; Ntjj;jpy; vLj;Jf; fbdkhd gFjpfis $wp

gw;wp tpsf;fk; Nfl;lhh;. Njuh mij vjpu;ghh;j;jpUe;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-54mtu; midj;J Ntjq;fisAk; me;j Vw;fdNt Nfl;l fiuj;Jf; midj;J Fbj;jpUe;jjpdhy; gpuhkzd;

N f s ; t p f S f ; F k ; e pj h d k h f t p s f ; f k ; m s p f ; f K b e ; j J . xUtDf;F ,Uf;fyhk; jpUk;gj; xUtDila k Pz ; L k ; vz;zq;fs; > me;j N j h d ; w hk Y k ; ; vz;zq;fs; mtDf;F Njhd;wyhk;> vz;zq;fs; ,Uf;fyhk;. kPz;Lk; vOk;ghky; mit mopahky; mit Nghy mit mJ

mopayhk;>

mopayhk;.

vz;zq;fs;

vok;gyhk;>

mopahkYk; ,Uf;fyhk;. Gj;j Nghjidapd; rpl;lahkhfh (Cittayamaka) vd;w ,e;j gFjpiag; ,Ug;gtUf;F gpf;F gw;wp me;j me;j Njuh k e ; j p u j ; j pd ; Nfl;lhh;. Nghy nghUs; ,Ul;by; vd;d vd ntspr;rk; njhpahjJ ‘k j p g ; g p w ; F w p a

mtu;fNs >

e Pq ; f N s $ W q ; f N s d ; ’ v d m t u ; N f l ; l h h ; . ‘ m J G j ; j h pd ; k e ; j p u k ; ’ v d ; W N j u h $ w ‘m g ; g b v d ; w h y ; m i j v k f ; F k ; cgNjrpg;gPu;fsh’ Gdpj rkaj;ij vd;W vtu; me;j Vw;Wf; gpuhkzd; nfhz;L Nfl;f ‘v q ; f s ; cilia vq;fs;

mzpfpd;wdNuh mtUf;F kl;LNk mij Nghjpf;f KbAk; ’; vd;whh; Njuh. mjdhy; nrd;whh;. ngw;Wf; ,Ue;j Ntz;ba me;j ,isQu; ,Ue;J mtUila me;j ngw;Nwhh;fspd;

mDkjpiag; ngw;W> mtu;fis tpl;Lg; gpupe;J NjuhTld; mtuplk; ke;jpNuhgNjrj;ijg; gg;g[;[htpy; mtu; nra;a fk;kl;ldh]; nfhz;lhh;. midj;ijAk; f l i k fi s NjuhTk; vLj;Jf; mtUf;F $Wk;

cgNjrpj;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-55( k a m m a t t ha n a s)

vd;fpd;w

jj;Jtj;ijAk; Kiwahfr;
(sotapatti)

vLj;Jiwj;jhh;. nra;J te;j vd;w epiyia kw;Wk; f w ; W f;

,g;gbahf

me;j

gapw;rpia

me;j gpuhkzd; Nrhlg;gl;b mtuplk; ,Ue;J

mila> clNd Njuh mtiu fhz;lt;th[paplk; mDg;gp Rl;lgPlfh
(suttapitaka)

mgpjk;kgPbfh

(abhidhammapitaka)

Nghd;wtw;iwf;

nfhs;sr; nrhd;dhh;;. cgrk;ghjhit rpf;fthTk;
(vinaya);> (upasampada);

ed;F

fw;wwpe;jpUe;j

Jwtp

jd;dplk; NkYk; mit kw;w

te;jtUf;F fw;W

tpdahf;fisAk;
(pitakas)

,uz;L MW

gPjfhf;fisAk; ed;F

Ng h j p j ; j h h ; . jp];]h ngw;W R+upa >

m i d j ; i j Ak ; Njuh Nghy vd;w

gapd;w %yk; vl;b dhh ;. midj ;J

r p j ; j p f ; f i s Ak ; mtUila

mtw;wpd; Gfo;

nky;y re;jpu

nky;y xspiag; gutpg;

epiyia

,lj;jpYk; n r h w ; n g h o p T fs ; ; Nghjidfshff;

gpufhrpj;jd. rk;Gj;jUila mstpw;F

mtUila
(Sambuddha)

fUj g;gLk;

mtu;

kf;fs;

kdjpy; cah;e;J epd;whh;;.

nkhfhy ; y papd ; Gjy ; t uhd jp] ; ] htpd ; f ijiaf ; vL j ; J f; $Wk ; gF j p , g ; g ba hf KbT w ; w J
xU fz;L ehs; N t l ; i lf ; F r ; nrd;w jp];]h jpd;Dk; Rit mq;F ,e;j kpf;f kpfTk; khd;fNs czTk;

kfpo;Tld; mugpa ehl;L khd;fs; Js;sp tpisahLtijf; vz;zpdhh; jq;f ‘Gy;iyj; ,lKk;> ,g ;gb kd kfpo;NthL Js ;spj; jpupAk ; nghOJ vz ;zw;w Rfq;fSk;;> Fiwtpd;wp fpilj;J te;Jk; midj;J Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSk;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-56Vd; kd kfpo;r;rpAld; tho;tjpy;iy? jhd; fz;l fhl;rp gw;wp tPL jpUk;gpatu; kd;ddplk; $w> m t u ; $ w p d h h ; ‘x U t h u k ; f h y k ; k d e p i w N t h L , U f ; f ehd; jUk; cdf;F Rfj;ij vd;Dila gjtpiaj; ghh;. mijAk; Vw;wtu; jUfpd;Nwd;. gpd; vLj;Jf; kd;dd; gjtp mDgtpj;Jg; mij mjw;Fg; cdf;F n f h s; s gjtpapy;

kuzj;ij Ntz;Lk;;. mku;e;jhh;. xU thu

jUfpd;Nwd;> rupah?’

fhyk; vd vd;w ‘ xU

fope;jJ. kd;dd; kuz

mtuplk; ‘; gaj;jpy; vdW ,we;J k d j py ;

‘xU

thuk;

vg;gbf; ,we;J Rfj;ij kd;dd; ve;j ,Ue;j

fope;jJ’ tpLNtd; mDgtpf;f nrhd;dhd; vd;w Rfj;ijAk; mij

Nfl;f

xU

thuj;jpy; vd;dhy;

Kbatpy;iy’ thuj;jpy; gaj;ij

$wpatuplk;; tplg; itj;jpUe;J nfhz;L

Nghfpd;Nwhk;

kuz

mDgtpf;fhky; Nehf;fp

tho;e;J

c d f ; F > k u z k ; v g ; n g h O J N t z ; L k hdh Y k ; t u l ; L k ; v d vjpu; fhj;jpUf;Fk; Kdptu;fSf;Fk; J w t p f S f ; F k ; f p i l f ; F k ; k d e pk ; k j p v g ; g b f p i l f ; F k ; ? m e ; j t h h ; j ; i j fis f ; N f l ; l g p d ; d N u j p ] ; ] h t p w ; F G j ; j Nghjidapd; Vwpd. mq;F xU kfj;Jtk; kuj;jbapy; Mbf; nfhz;L nfhz;L tprpwp Ghpe;jJ> Nghjidfs; kdjpy; kPz;Lk; xU ehs; mtd; fhl;bw;F nrd;w nghOJ mku;e;jpUe;j xU Nghy kuf; mij k`hkhuf;fpl;jh f p i si a mtu; thapy; k PJ

( Ma h a d h a m m a r a k k h i ta) v d ;w J w t p a p d ; j i y k PJ x U g h k ;G

glnkLj;J itj;Jf;

jiy

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-57t Pr p f ; kdjpy; Rfj;Jld; tho;it nfhz;L ‘ thOk; Nghy ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j me;j fhl;rpiaf; fz;ltu; jdp jdpnahU xU fhl;by; Jwtp mku;e;jgb n g w ; w pUf ; F k ; ehDk; ,g;gb Vd;

m i k j p a hd milaf;

tho;f;i fia

$lhJ ?’ vd;w vz;zk; Njhd;wpaJ. mJjhd; ,izf;f topNa ,lj;jpy; jf;f Kaw;rp gwe;jgb ,Ue;j rkak; nra;J te;J xU ePu; vd mtiu Gj;j k j j ; j py ; vd;d

te;j

NjuhTk;

Mfhaj;jpd; epd;whh;. fPo;

mNrhfuhkh epiyapd;

( Asokarama) fiuapy;

m q ; F t e ; j t u ; f P N o , wq ; F k ; K d ; d h ; j h d ; m z p e ; j p U e ; j cLg;Gf;fis ,wq;fpdhh;. jp];]h ngw;wPu;fs;’ Nghjidfis $wg;gl;litfis rf;jpiag; ngw;wpl kWf;f Mfhaj;jpNyNa me;j vdf; mw;Gjf; mile;J itj;J ‘, e ; j fw;W me;j vdj; jd; tpl;Lf; fz;l rf;jpia ‘gg;g[;[h mwpe;J Njuh. clNd fhl;rpiaf; ,isQd; vg;gbg;
(pabbajja)

Mde;jk;

Nfl;ljw;F Kiwahff; vd;whh; cs;sJ kd;dd;

KOikahf

mjpy; mq ;j m ij xU Njuh m i j g; jpwik me;j

filgpbj ;jjpdhy; , e ;j

ngw;Nwd;’; Mirahf

, i s Q D k ; k d ; d dp l k ; n r d ; W j d f ; F k ; m e ; j g a p w ; r p i a njuptpf;f> ehl;by; Kbahj me;j ,Ue;j

tpfhuhTf;F (klk;) mtiu mDg;gpdhh;. mtiuAk ; NkYk; ehDwhapuk; gg;g[;[hitf; gapd;whh; ngw;Wj; kd;dd; khztu;fisAk; fw;f vd;w me;j kd;dd; k`hjk;kuhf;fpjhtplk; mDg;gpdhh;. mjpy; ngz; vj;jid tptuk; vd;whYk; Njwpdh; jd;Dila (M a h ä d ham m a r a k k h i t a) midtUk; khztu;fs;

fpilf;ftpy;iy.

r k ; k k pj ; j h i t

jd;Dila

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-58jd;Dila kzk; vd;gtu;;. nrhe;j me;j kUkhDf;Nf gpUk;kr;rhup
( rNfhjupapd; gps;is )

Kbj;jpUe;jhu;.

mtu;fSf;Fg;

gpwe;jtNu

Rkd;dh kfDk;;

(Aggibrahma)

k d ; d dp d ; m D k j p n g w W m e ; j N g h j i d i a g a p y m q ; F te;jpUe;jhh;. m NrhfUila eh d ;fhk ; tUl Ml;rpapy ; cgNjrk; ngw;w m e ;j ngw;W ,sturu; mNj > mij kw;wtu;fSf;Fk; cgrk;Nghj nra;J gapw;rp Nghjpf;fj; cgNjrKk; MW Jtq;fpdhh;. tUlj;jpy;

f L i k a hf

Jwtpahfp;

rpj;jpfisAk; ngw;whh;. %d;W midj;J klq;fs; mq;nfy;yhk; kuk; gFjpfspy; nra;jp t U l q ; f s py ; efuq;fspYk; me;j tsh;f;f Rkhh; mNrhfd; mofpa tpUk;gpagbNa tpfhuhf;fs; tp[ak; mofpa nra;jhh;. ehyhapuk; te;jJ. Njuh

,e;jpuFg;jhtpd;

( I n d a g u t ta)

mw;Gjkhd

ciog;gpdhy; vdg;gl;l ve;nje;j nra;jhNuh nrb nfhb>
(84>000)

Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;ld. kd;dd; Rw;wp Vw;ghL vz;gj;jp kd;ddplk; jd; tpfhuhf;fis ,Ue;j

,lq;fSf;nfy;yhk; Nghd;wtw;iw

midj;J

efuq;fspy; tpfhuhf;fs; fl;b Kbf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld vd;w xNu Neuj;jpy; tpjj;jpy; tpoh mijf; midj;J nra;jhh;. vd;w nfhz;lhLk; VO M j pf ; f j ; j p y ; elj;j Vw;ghL

gFjpfspYk; gutp ,Ue;j tpfhuhf;fspy; md;wpy; ,Ue;J ehl;fSf;F G+kpapy; jz;Nlhuh G+f;fs; tpohtpd; Vohk; ehsd;W gy Nahrid Jhuj;jpw;F gue;J tpupe;jpUe;j nra;jpia vj;jid jhuhskhf Nghl;L fpilf;FNkh j hdk ; gug;g jug;gLk; Mizapl;lhh;. t i f a hd

mj;jid

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-59G+f;fisf; nfhz;L tPjpfspy; Njhuzq;fs; fl;b> mq;Fk; ,q;Fk; myq;fhuk; elj;jp nra;J> tpohit Kbe;j msT ,ir epfo;rpfis M lk ; g u k h f f ; nfhz;lhl nghUl;fs; Xt;xUtUk; nfhLj;J> nfhz ;L mjd;gb jh d k ; fye;J

Ntz;Lk; vd Mizapl;lhh;. mJ kl;Lk; my;y midj;J tpfhuhf;fspYk; mq;fpUe;jtu;fSf;Nf jhNk nghWg;Gf;fis midj;J Ntz;Lk; tpohtpd; rpwg;gpf;f tpoh fl;lisf;Fk; nfhz;lhbdh;. cyfg; g y ; N tW ,Ue;j gw;W k pf mjpfkhf kw;Wk; ,Ue;jtu;> nfhz;L> vz;gJ cyf Rkhh; xU nrd;W xU Fdpe;jgb khwp n[hypf;Fk; jd;Dld; jd; Nfhb Rfq;fs; yl;r epd;W mjprak; j q ; f S ld ; ngUk; vd;w mtu;fis fpilf;fg;gl;l guprhf Vw;Wf; vd toq;fg;gLk;> nfhz;L

epfo;rpfspy;

Mizapl;lhh;. kd;dh;;

NjtNyhfj; jpUtpoh Nghy midj;J ,lq;fspYk; me;j nfhz;lhlg;gl> m j pf k h f nfhLj;jpUe;j g y ; N tW midj;J ,lq;fspYk;

epfo;rpfs; elj;jp tpohit ntF tpku;r;irahff; kf;fs;

Mguzq;fis n g z ; k z pf s ; Gj;j

mzpe;J

gupthuq;fSld; ,Ue;j kw;Wk;

MSikf;Fl;gl;l
(80>00>00>000)

,lj;jpy; gpl;Rf;fs; Jwe;J

midj;ijAk; gpl;Ff;fspd; tzq;Fk; nfhz;lhh;. ele;J ,iza ngah;

Jwtpahd kj;jpapy; jiyia kjk;

(1>00>000) jd; mtu;fs; vd

t p j j ; j py ;

midtUk; Vq;fp

vjhtJ

jk;kNrhfh khl;lhuh ngw;wpUe;j vd

(Dhammasoka)

epd;wdh;.

Kd;du;
( Candasoka)

nfhLikahdtuhf
(Dhammäsoka)

,Ue;J>

fz;lNrhfh

mNrhfd;> md;Gld;

gpd;du;

jk;kNrhfh

miof;fg;gl;ljpd; fhuzk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-60mtu; nra;J te;j g y ; N tW Gdpj> k d p j h g p k h d k p f; f cjtpfs;jhd;. gy t p f h u h f ; f i s c s ; s l f ; f p > v y ; i y ia

Rw ;wp flYk; R+o ;e;J epd;w [k ;GjPgh (Jambudipa) ehl;bd;; midj;J gFjpfisAk; rw;Nw Nehf;fpa kd;dd; Nfl;lhd; ‘vd; kjpg;gpw;Fupatu;fNs> gy vd;idj; j t pw nra ;Js ;s cq;fSf;nfy;yhk; e d ; i k fi s A k ;

n f h i l a h s p v t u ; v d f ; $ w K b A k h ?’ Njuh Nkhfypg;Gl;lh c d ; i dg ;
( Mo gg a l ip u t ta)

$wpdhh;

‘v d ; ehd;

tho;ehspy;

Nghd;w

xU

nfhilahspia

,Jtiu fz;ljpy;iy ’ m i j f ; N f l ; L k d k ; n e f p o ; e ; J N g h d k d ; d d ; ; ‘ m J r u p> mg;gbahdhy; kjkhf vd;idg; Nghd;W NtW Gj;j kjj;ijNa
(

jd;

epidf;Fk;

jiytd;

k i n s m a n)

, U f ; f p d ; w h u h ? . N j u h c l d b a h f g j py ; $ w t p y ; i y . mNrhfdpd; gps;is k`pe;jh
( Ma h i n d a)

kw;Wk;; Gj;j

kfs; kjf; Ngh d ;w gug ;g

rk;`kpj;jhtpd; tUq;fhyj;jpy; kl;LNk KbAk; ‘khngUk; nrhe;jk; kfidAk;> tpl Gj;j vd;gij

( S a m g h a m i t t a)

tUq;fhyk;;>

n f h s ; i f fi s n g U k s T g u g ; g n k j ; j j F j p a h d m t u ; f s ; nra;a ,Uf;Fk; fhupaq;fs; ngUk; eP $l mstpy; Gj;j m i d j ; i j A k ; m e ; j N j u h v z ; z p g ; g h h ; j ; j h h ; . m t u ; f shy ; Nghjidfis jPu;fkhf ts;syhd K b a h J. jhd; mJ czh;e;jtu; vtndhUtd; kl;LNk mNrhfuplk; kjj;i j j d ; D i la khwp m e ;j

nfhil nfhz;lhl

k f i s Ak ;

Nerpf;Fk;

kjj;jpw;F mtd;

m D k j pf ; f p d ; w h N d h

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-61k j j ;j p w ;F jUk; khngUk; me;j gupR vd;gJ kl;Lk; my;y mg;gbg;gl;ltNd kjj;Jld; cwT nfhz;lhl

KbAk;’ vd mtuplk; $wpdhh; kdjhw kd;dd; ,Ue;j G j ; j k j j ; j py ; cldbahf jd; k fi d A k ; ePq;fs; ,iza jd; kpfTk; tpUg;gk; nfhz;bUe;j ‘m U ik gg;g[hit

gf ;fj ;jpy; epd ;W nfhz;L ghh;j;J Nghw;wj;jf;f

kfisAk;

nry;tq;fNs>

Vw;f tpUk;Gfpd;wPu;fsh ?’ me;j thupRfs; rw;Wk; jaq;fhky; ‘ ePq;fs; tpUk;gpdhy;> m J c q ; f i s A k ; N r u ;j ; J m i d t U f ; F k ; e d ; i k g a f ; F k ; vd;why; ,e;j epkplk; KjNy gg;g[hit Vw;f ehq;fs; rk;kjpf;fpd;Nwhk;’ vd;wdh;. ,JNt kjj;ij kfdhf vd;w Mir tpjp. Kd;gpwtpapy; nra;a gpwe;J kfshf jp];]hthf jw;nghOJ mJ mtUf;F jd;Dila ,sturuhf fpilf;f MfNt ,Ue;jtu; Gj ;j

jiof;fr;

m N r h f D i la NghyNt rk;`kpj;jh kfd; epakpf ;f ,Ue;j jhd; k pf me ;j

,Ue;jhh;.
( Aggibrahm a)

mfpgpUk;khthfNt k`Pd;jhit ngUikia $u;ikAk;

gpwe;jpUe;jhs;. gl;lj;J mNrhfNdh> tpUk;gtpy;iy. kfidAk;>

jd;Dila ,of;f nfhz;l

nfhz;bUe;j

mjpfk; Nerpj;J te;jhYk; moFk; > guhf;fpukKk;> Gj;jp kfisAk; cgNjrq;fisg; elj;jp mDg;gpdhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

ngw;wpl

Kiwg;gbahd

rlq;Ffis

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-62k`pe;jhtpw;F Nghjid nrd;whh;. mtUila FUtpd; ngah; Njuh nkhfy;yp (Moggali). Njuh k`hNjth vd;gtu; gg;g[hit gy
( Mahädeva)

taJ

,UgJ.

kfspd;;

taNjh FUtplk;

gjpndl;L. ,UtUk;

m e ; j c j ; j u T f p i l j ; j m d ; N w c g r k ; g j h k w ; W k ; g g ; g [h Vw;f jdf;F xJf;fg;gl;l

cgNjrpf;f> ngw;W

cgrk;ghjhit

gapd;W

mw;Gj

rpj;jpfisg;

J w t p a h d ( m u ` d ; j ;) k [ ;[ h d ;j p f h ( M a j j h a n t i k a) v d ;g t u ; k w ; w r l q ; F f i s el j ; j p K b j ; j h h ; . rk;`kpj;jhtpw;F ngz;kzp. Mrhghrq;fisj; jk;kNrhfhtpd; me;j khw;wk; gg;g[;[hit tUlq;fspy; Nghjidfis gpf;F jPgfw;gj;jpw;F ed;F nfhz;L cgNjrk; Jwe;J MwhtJ ed;ik te;j nra;jtu; MAghyh vd;w tajpNyNa
(asava).

mtSk;

jd;Dila Mz;L juj;

,sk; Ml;rp =yq;fh

mrtpahdhh;. Njhd;wpa
( Ma h i n d a) (pitakas)

fhyj;jpNyNa ,UtUk; %d;W ju;k je;j tPrpa j P g f w ; g j ; j py ;

fw;wwpe;jdu;.

k`Pd;jh R+upad;

%d;W

gPjfhf;fshd re;jpud; Nghd;W

fw;wwpe;jhh;.

Nghd;W

xsp xsp

k`Pd;jhTk;>

rk;`kpj;jh vd;w gpf;FdpAk; rk;Gj;jhtpd; Nghjidfis j Pg f w ; g k ; K O t J k ; g u g ; g p x s p t P r r ; n r a ; j d h ; . Kd;ndhU fhl;by; fhyj;jpy; Ntl;ilahlr; g h l y p G u j ; j py ; nrd;whd;. mq;F ,Ue;j Fe;jp xUtd;
(Kunti)

v d ; w t p w F n g h W f ; F k ; n g z ; i z f ; fz ; L f h j y ; n f h z ; L mtS l d ; c w T n f h s ; s m j d ; % y k ; m t S f ; F , u z ; L kfd;fs; gpwe;jdh;. m t u ; f s p y ; % j ; j tu ; j p ] ; ] h ( T i s s a )
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-63vd;gtu;> ,isatu; Rkpj;jh (Sumitta). mtu;fs; taJf;F te;jJk; vd;gtu; mijf; Mapdh;. xU Rj;j Kiw nea; % j ; j tUf ; F typ
(ghee)

mtu;fSf;F gg;gh[p fw;wwpe;J MW

Njuh

k`htUzh cgNjrpj;jhh;;.

(Maha v a r u na)

Nghjidia

mtu;fSk; mu`d;j;

r p j ; j p fi sA k ;

ngw;W

fhypy;

vNjh

tp\g;G+r;rp xU

fbj;J gpbasT

tpl;ljpdhy; kjpak; nea;

Vw;gl

mijf; vdf;

Fiwf;f Nfl;lhh;. mij

Ntz;Lk;

, i s a tUk ; t U t j hf mspf;f M fp rpfpr;ir Njuh nfhs;s

gpl;irf;Fj;

Nghifapy;

ngw;W rpfpr;ir

$ w p r ; n r d ; w h h ; . J u j p \ ; l t r k h f m d ; W m t U f ; F v q ; F Nk fpilf;ftpy;iy. Ngha; ngw typ ngl;b Kbahj kuzj;jpd; jd;id mjdhy; ,d;Dk; msT epiyik jUthia jhNd Kbahky; epthuzk; ngw typ mjpfk;

Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd Kbahky;

nea;ia vl;ba

Cw;wpdhYk; me;j

Vw;gl;lJ. kha;j;Jf;

nghWf;fhky;

epg;gdh vd;w epiyia vLf;f (nibbana) KbT nra;jhh;. jhd; ngw;wpUe;j vd;w nfhz;L; mtUila rf;jpapdhy; epiyia kuzj;ij jhNd jOTk; gwe;J

epg;ghdh mku;e;J me;j jP vYk;Gfs; me;j KJfpy; vLj;J

vLj;jtu;

Mfhaj;jpy; vupj;Jf;

jd;idj;jhNd cliyAk;>

nfhz;lhh;. v u p j ; J t pl

NjhiyAk;

k l ; L k ; N r j k ; m i l a hk y ; , U e ; j J . nra;jpiaf; fl;lg;gl;l Nfs;tpAw;w f p s k ; g pr ; me;j ngl;bapy; mtu; kd;dd; nrd;W Gdpj clNd ahid

jd;Dila

ghpthuq;fSld;

vYk;Gfis v L j ; j j pd ;

te;jhh;.

epk;gdh

epiyia

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-64fhuzj;ijAk; midj;J tpahjpfSf;F jkf;F vd tUk; ve;j mtUila efu r N f h j uu ; %yk; mwpe;J n f h z ; l t u ; k p f T k ; t U j ; j k ; m i l e ; j h h ; . m j d ; t p i s t hf v y ; i y f s pY k ; epWtp> gQ;rk; kUj;Jt cldbahf ,d;wp cjtp ,Uf;f i t j ; j p a r h i y fi s

r p f p r ; i r g ; n g W k ; t r j p i a n r a ; j h h ; . , dp tpahjpfSf;F gpl;RTk; fpilf;fhJ vd me ;j vz;zf; $lhJ

k U j ; J t r h i y fi s g p l ; F f ; f S k ; g a d ; g L j ; J k ; t i f a p y ; mikj;jhh;. mJNghy fd;fk;kh (cankama) vd;w nghJ kz;lgj;jUfpy; jhd; ele;J nfhz;L ,Uf;ifapNyNa Vw;Wf; Njuh Rk;kpjh
(Sumitta)

epghjdhit

nfhs;s> me;j vl;lhtJ Ml;rp

epfo;r;rpNa fhyj;jpy;

NkYk; gyu; mtu;fSila jj;Jtq;fis Vw;Fk; tiff;F top tFj;jJ. mNrhfdpd; Fe;jpapd; ,U Gjy;tu;fSk; ,g;gbahf epghdhit ( Mj;k
rkhjp )

mile;jdh;. nky;y mD gpl;Ff;fspd; jpdKk; tUkhdk; te;j ngUfj;

nky;y jhuhskhf tUkhdk; Jwtpfs; jj;JtKk;

Jtq;fpaJ.

Gjpatu;fspdhy; m j d ; t p i s th f Nru;e;j gy te;J Gj;jupd; t o p i a Na Nghd kdk; Gjpajhf jk;

ed;nfhilfs; Fiwaj; ,q;F xd;Nw Jtq;fpa te;J vd

f p i l j ; j d. NtW Nru;e;jdh;.

gpupitr;

Nru;e;jtu;fSk;; filgpbj;Jf;

jq;fSila giw kf;fis

jj;JtKk; rhw;wpagb Fog;gpagb

nfhz;L

Nghf;fpy; tho;e;J tuyhapdh;. me;j e p i y i a f; fz;l Njuh Nkh`ypg;Gl;lh

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-65( Mo gg a l ip u t t a) > ,lq;fspYk; mijj; jLf;f Jtq;fpdhh;. k`Pd;jhit topahf NghypfSf;F jpUk;gpdhh;. , d ; d p i y a py ; gpl;Ff;fis Kbahky; ,Ue;j ngUkstpy; ePjp NghdjpdhYk;> klj;jpy; mLj;j kw;Wk; G j p a j hf mtu;fs; VO te;J nra;J Nru ;e ;j t e ;j ,g;gbg;gl;l mJ tp\f; jPik gutp jd;Dld; epakdk; v j p uh d jtwhd nray;fs; Nghy vd jLj;J midj;J gae;J vLf;fj; k iy nra;J tpl;L epWj;jg;glhtpby; f p Uk p f s ;

t p i s t pf ; F k ; ; khw;W gpf;FfSf;Fj; gpd; jdpNa gpurhuk;

Ntz;ba

eltbf;ifia

,Ue;j nra;j tiu

j i y t u hf

mN`hfq;fh gazk; nra;J

fq ;iff;

fiu

khw;Wg;

kd;wq;fspd;

%yk;

n tspNaw;w

ml;lfhrq;fs; mstpw;F kPwp NghdjpdhY k;; [k;GjPghtpy; tUlq;fs; cgNrhjh vd;w
( u p o s a t h a - c e r e m o n y)

ghtudh

(pavarana)

rlq;Ffs; eilngwtpy;iy. me;j epiyikia gw;wp Nfs;tpg;gl;l k e ; j p up jk;kNrhfh jd;

(Dhammasoka);

jd;Dila

xUtiu

mupaizf;F cl;gl;l gFjpapy; ,Ue;j me;j Mz;L elj;jg;glhky; $wpdhh;. Vw;W Gj;j vd

me;j k lj;jpw;F cgNrhjh ke;jpupAk; cNghrhjh fl;lis

mDg;gp cldbahf me;j epiyf;F xU KbT fl;LkhWk;> epd;wpUe;j mq;F nrd;w tpohit fl;lis tpohit ‘kd;ddpd; gpwg;gpj;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

cldbahf gpwf;Fk;gb elj;jTk; ’ fl;lisia

elj;Jk;gbAk;

mtu;fSf;Ff;

cldbahf gpl;Ff;fSf;F

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-66jtwhd Nghf;iff; filgpbf;Fk; gpl;Ff;fs; ,q;Fs;stiu vk;khy; jdJ vd cNghrjhit elj;j K b a hJ gpd; vd cz;ikahd c q ; f is ghUq;fs;’ Nfs;tpg;gl;l mq;F gw;wpa nrd;W nra;jp epiyikiaf; gpl;Ff;Fs; $w> NfhgKw;w me;j ke;jpup gy Njuhf;fis thspdhy; R+S+iuf;f> rNfhjuu; ntl;bf; mij me;j jp];]h nfhd;w ‘ehd; fl;lhag;gLj;jp k d ; d dp d ; ke;jpupapd; nra;a itf;fpd;Nwd; n r a ; j pi a f ; cldbahf nfhz;L epiyik

gf;fj;jpy;

mkh;e;J

fl;Lg;gLj;jpdhh;.

mq;fpUe;j

k d ; d dp d ; f h J f i s v l ; b a J . me;j fpsk;gpr; fhuzKk; Nfl;lhh;. me;j $l;lj;jpy; vdf; $w fhuzk;’ ,Ue;j NtW rpyh;> rpyu; ‘ePq;fNs ‘e P q ; f s ; $w ,jw;Ff; m i d t U Nk NtW rpyu; Fog;gkhd kdk; nrd;W epiyiag; tUj;jKw;wJ. ‘mj;jifa ahh;?’ gw;wpf;; clNd vd;W Nfs ;tpg ;gl;l mtu; mq;F c z ; i k a hd m t u ; f splk ;

k d ; d dp d ;

Fog;gj;jpw;F

fhuzfh;jhTk;

fhuzk;’ ,jw;Ff;

vd;W

vjpu;

fUj;J

‘ePq;fs; ve;j tpjj;jpYk; vjhtJ ek; ‘Njuh xU gpl;F vd;

,e;j epiyik Vw;gl;ljw;Ff; re;Njfq;fis tUthu;fsh’ kfdhd $w> jPu;j;J vdf; itj;J Nfl ;lhh ;. mjw;Fj; kd;dd;

fhuzk; my;y vd;wdh;. mijf; Nfl;l kd;dDk; ‘ ,q;F kjj;ijf; fhf;f Kd;

nkhfhy;ypapd; vd

jp];]hNt mijf; Nfl;l

j F j p a h d t u ;’;

mtu;fs;

n g U k ; k f po ; r ; r p ; m i l e ; j h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-67MfNt me;j kd;dd; kPz;Lk; vl;L Njuhf;fs;> mtu;fs; xt;xUtUlDk; vd xU Mapuk; Mapuk; mDg;gp gpf;Ff;fs;;> itf;f vl;L ke;jpupfs;> mtu;fs; xt;xUtUlDk; Mapuk; giltPuu;fs; gl;lhsj;ij mg;nghOJk; mtu;fSld; me;j Njuh tutpy;iy. ‘mg;gb vd ‘kd;dh j Pu ; j ; J nropf;f tUtJ’ $wpdhh;> kjk; kl;LNk

vd;why; ePjhd; itf;f Jiz

mtiu Nfl;l mq;F G up a

vg;gbj;jhd; k d ; d dp l k ; te;J

mioj;J gpl;Ff;fs;

rydKw;Wf;

vq;fspilNa Ntz;Lk;

Vw;gl;Ls;s cjt vd;W

F o g ; g j ; i jj ;

Ntz;Lk;> Nfl;lhy;

m t u ; t U t h u ; ’ v d ; w d h ;. MfNt mtu;fs; gjpdhW mioj;J tajhdtu;. vd;gjpdhy; me;j k d ; d d; kPz;Lk; Mapuk; gjpdhW Mapuk; Njuhf ;fs ;> gpf;Ff;fs;;> Mapuk; ‘m t i u mtu; ,ayhJ mioj;J

xt;xUtUlDk; k e ; j p u p fs ; > vd xU t U i fa p y ; ehd;F fq;if ejp

mtu;fs;

xt;xUtUlDk; mDg;gp ,Uq;fs;. tu fg;gypy;

giltPuu;fs;

gl;lhsj;ij ftdkhf rf;fu %yk; tz;bapy;

thUe;fs; vd;W kd;dd; mDg;gpa VJk; te;j mtiu

Mizapl;lhh;. nra;jpiaf; kd;dNd ,Ue;j nrd;w Nfl;l me;j nrd;W jdJ Njuh kWg;G nrd;whh;. tuNtw;whh ;. ,wq;fp fuj;ij tyJ

njhptpf;fhky;

mtu;fSld; Neupy; kd;dd; jz;zPupy;

fpsk;gpr; jhNd

Koq;fhy;tiu fg;gyUNf ele;J

e Pl ; b m t i u g p b j ; J f ; n f h s ; s r ; n r h y ; y p f g ; g i y t p l ; L
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-68,wq;f tu mtUf;F cjtp jahs nra;J muz;kidf;F fz;l Njuh mioj;J mtiu mtDila Fzj;ijf;

ntFthfg; ghuhl;bdhh;. me;j Njuhit mioj;Jf; mioj;Jr; rf;jpia vjhtJ ‘v d ; d vd;whh;. ‘G + f k ; g j ; i j $w ,y;iy tpl;L> nfhz;L nrd;w Nrhjpf;f xU nra;a ,ujptjdh kd;dd; mku vz;zp mjpraj;ij Ntz;Lk;’; fhl;l Njuh> vd;w

Njhl;lj;jpw;F fhy;fis gpd; cq;fsplk; tpdtpauplk; vd;W ,lj;jpYkh vd;W mtUila

mtUila itj;jg; ‘] ; t h k p vjpu; vd

myk;gp ,Ue;J

mrdj;jpy;

ghh;f;fpd;Nwd;’

V w ; g L j ; j pf ; me;j xU

Ntz;Lk; ’ ‘m i d j ; J mij ‘xU

kd;dd;

kPz;Lk; vjhtJ

,lj;jpy; Njuh

kl;Lk; $wpdhh;

e l j ; j p f ; f h l ; l l ; L k h ’ v d ; W N f l ; f ‘m t w ; w p y ; v J f b d k ; ’ kd;dd; Nfl;f kPz;Lk; , l j ; j p y ; k l ; L k ; m i j e lj ; j p f ; f h l ; L t N j f b d k ; ’ xU Nah[id Jhuj;jpy; ePu; e p wg ; g p efu vy;iyapy;; ehd;F gpd; me;j xU ngupa n g h pa

tz;bia

epWj;jp

tz;bapd;

GwKk;

ghj;jpuj;jpy; tz;bapy; jd;Dila

itj;jg; mkur; me;j

tz;bapy; Njuh. mstpy;

F j p i ui a G + l ; b > m j d ; k P J t z ; b N a h l ; b i a m k u m e ; j k d ; d idAk ; rf;jpapdhy; nrhy;yp Nah[id ,Ue;jhh; Jhu

, U e ; j G +k p i a m j pu r ; n r a ; j h h ; . k d ; d d ; t p a e ; j h d ; . mj d ; gpd; me;j Njuhtplk; ,we;J ‘jd;Dila Gj;j ke;jpupapd; gpl;Ff;fspd;

%lj;jdj;jpdhy;

Nghd

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-69kuzj;jpdhy; vd;w vd;W jd; Jhz;lhj
( ghgj;jpw;F )

jdf;Fk; Nfl;f ve;j

jPik

tUkh’ nra;aj; ,y;iy vd;w

re;Njfj;ij mjw;Fk; jpj;jpu

‘mg;gb rk;ke;jk;

mtDf;Fk;

$wpatu;

[hjfh

(Tittira-jataka)

gFjpia gbj;Jf; fhl;bdhh;. mjd; gpd; me;j tdj;jpy; xU thu ,uz;L fhyk; jq;fp

,Ue;J rk;Gj;jhtpd; Nghjidfspd; rhuj;ij kd;dDf;F vLj;Jiuj;jhh;. VohtJ me;j Gj;j kd;dd; jd;Dila nra;jpfis mDg;gp tpl;L cynfq;Fk; ,Ue;j ehsd;W gpl;Ff;fSf;F

muz;kidapNyNa

gpl;Ff;fspd; rq;fkj;ijf; $l;bdhh;. xU nghpa jpiuf;Fg; gpd;dhy; vtUk; ghh;f;f Kbahjgb Njuhit mq;fpUe;j mioj;J Nfs;tpia mWgjhapuk; mkur; nrhy;ypa gpd; jpiuf;F Kd; vd;d Gwk; vd;w $ w pa mtu; gpl;Ff;fis m t u ; f s pl k ;
(60>000)

xUtnuhUtuhf Nghjpj;jJ gpl;Ff;fis jtwhd

tupirahf

Gdpju; Gj;j

vOg;gpdhh;. kw;w

gjpiyf; gpl;Ff;fs;

mq;fpUe;J

ntspNaw;wpdhh;.

cz;ikahd

Nfl;l Nfs;tpf;fhd gjpyhf ‘Gj;jh; Nghjpj;jJ tpg;g[;[h v d ; w N g h j i d N a ( V i b h a j j a - d o c t r i n e ) ’ v d ; W $w p d h ; . mijf; Nfl;l kd;dd; me;j Njuhtplk; vd;W nrd;W Nfl;f ‘G j ; j h ; mtUk;

Nghjpj;jJ ‘Nghypj; cNghrhjh

tpg;g[;[h

Nghjidah ’

‘Mkhk;’ vdf; $w mijf; Nfl;l kd;dd; kdk; kfpo;e;J Jwtpfis tpohit fise;J ePq;fs; tpl;ljpdhy; vd;w ,dp jdJ elj;jyhNk ’

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-70Miria jiyik ntspapl;lhh;. jhq;FkhW me;j Njuhit mtu;fSf;F gpd;; Ntz;bf; nfhz;lg;

jiyefUf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nrd;whh;. ,jw;F ,ilNa mq;F e l e ; j t po h , d p N j e l e ; N j w p a J . me;j NjuhTk; mq;F ngw;w FOkp Mapuk; ,Ue;j Gj;jp gpl;Ff;fspy; El;gk; MW

rf;jpfisAk; cz;ikahd $wp; jhDk;

nfhz;l njhFf;ff; jf;f Njuh

N j u h f ; f s p d ; F O x d ; i w e p a k p j ; J > k P z ; L k ; N g h j i d a pd ; jj;Jtq;fis mtu;fSld; Njuh Nfhh;itahfj; ,Ue;J k`hfhrg;gh nfhz;L kw;Wk;

mwpTiwfis je;jgb ,Ue;jtz;zk; jk;khit Kiwg;gb njhFf;f cjtpdhh;. ahrhitg; Nghd;Nw ,tUk; (jp];]h) MNyhrid rigapd; e l t b f ; i f fi s e l t b f ; i f f Sf ; F Nghjidfis ,g;gbahf %d;whtJ Kbtile;jJ. me;j nghOJ ghtdh k d ; d dp d ; Njuhtpd; rlq;if gjpNdohtJ taJ me;j G+kpNa Mz;L Ml;rp Kbe;j mtu; t i f a py ;
( K a t h a v a t t h u p p a k a r a n a)

mikj;jpUe;jhh;. ,ilapy; vd;w k d ; d dp d ; rig kw;w rhLk; tpjj;jpy;

me;j gpuptpd;

rigapd; jtwhd Mw;wpdhh;;. eilngw;w khjq;fspy;

fjhth j;Jg;gh;f;fh;zh M j uT l d ; xd;gJ

nrhw;nghopit

mNrhf

MNyhrid

vOgj;jp

,uz;lhapw;W. mjph;e;jpLk;

tpkh;irahf elj;jp Kbj;jhh;. gpUk;k n r h h ; f j ; j py ; nra;J ,Ue;J Kbj;j kdpjh;fSila jd;Dila Nghy mtiug; eyDf;fhf flikia j d ; D i la

Nghjidfis nrt;tNd

Nghjpf;f

te;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-71flik jtwhky; nrt;tNd nra;a vj;jid kdpjh;fshy; KbAk; ? Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

% u ; j ; j p a p d ; I e ; j h k ; g h f k h d ‘% d ; w h k ; M N y h r i d r i g ’ ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

Xtpau; ghh;itapy; =yq;fhtpd; gz;ila fhy Njhw;wk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-7206: tp[ahtpd; tp[ak;
Foe;ijfspd; vd;w ehl;by; jPT xU vd miof;fg;gl;l ,Ue;jhd;. tq;fh ( Vanga)

kd;dd;

m t D i la

k i d t p f y p q ;f ( Ka l i n g a s) e h l ;L k d ;d d p d ; k f s ; M t u ;. mtu ; f S f ; F x U F o e ;i j g ; g p w e ; j J . m j d ; [ h j f j ; i j f ; fzpj;j N[hjplh;fs; ( soothsayers) (
rpq;fk;)

mts; cwT

xU

Kiw

tpyq;Ffspd;

jiytDld;

nfhs;ths;

vdf; $wpdh;. mijf; Nfl;L ntl;fk; mile;j ngw;Nwhh; mJ Fwpj;J vtuplKk; $wtpy;iy. jhd; Rje;jpukhf elkhl Ntz;Lk; vd;W Mty; nfhz;l me;j ,sturp xU ehs; jd;de;jdpNa tPl;il tpl;Lf; njhpahj me;j (Lala) mq;Fk; fpsk;gp Nehf;fpr; eh l ; l U f p y ; midtUk; Xlj; ntspapy; nrd;W me;j mywp nrd;whs;. nfhz;L $l;lj;ij mbj;Jf; ,Ue;jJ. nrd;whs;. xU nfhz;L Kd;gpd;

topg;Nghf;fh;fs; $l;lk; xd;W kfhjh ( Magadha) ehl;il mtSk; yhyh ,q;Fk; me;j $l;lj;ijj; njhlu;e;J

rpq;fk;

t o p k w pj ; j J . r p q ; f j ; i jg ;

Jtq;f

mts;

nra;tjwpahJ

g p d ; n j h l u ; e ; J X bdh s ; . mtis rpq;fKk; nra;ahky; itj;Jf; ,Ue;jthW ft;tpf; vd;d nfhz;Lk; epd;wJ. nfhz;L jd; ,Ug;gplj;jpy; mtis thiy Nghl;l xd;Wk; $Ul;b $wpaJ

fhuzj;jpdhNyh fhJfis mtSf;F

fUizNahL

ghh;j;jtz;zk; kbj;Jf;

nfhz;lgbAk;

N[hjplh;fs;

ep i d t p w ; F t e ; j J . M f N t r w ; W k ; fti y g ; g l h k y ; m e ; j r p q ; f j ; i j j ; j l t p f ; n f h L f ; f j ; J t q ; f pdh s ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-73mts; mtis mtSld; ];guprk; gl;lJk;> fhk ntwp nfhz;l rpq;fk;> nfhz;L mjdhy; jd;Dila cly; cwT KJfpy; nfhz;L itj;Jf; tpl;lJ.

j d p i k a py ; , U e ; j j d ; D i l a F i f f ; F s ; n f h z ; L N g h a ; fw;gKw;w me;jg; ngz;Zf;F xU Mz; Foe;ijAk;> xU n g z ; F o e ; i j Ak ; g p w e ; j d . gpwe;j me;j Mz; Foe;iapd; Nghd;w fhy;fSk; Njhw;wk; me;j jd;Dila Vd; iffSk; je;jjpdhy; rpWtDf;F jhahUk;> ,j;jid ehk; je;ij %b me;j nfhz ;L g pd;

rpq;fj;jpd; (Sihasivali) re;Njfk; je;ijAk; ele;j ,e;j

fhy;

iffs;

mjw;F rp`ghG ( Sihabahu) vdTk; kfSf;F rp`hrpthyp vdTk; nfhz;L jd;id ngaupl;lhs;. mtsplk; Nghy $wp kfd; thriy mts; jd; Jhuk; Njhs; ele;J gjpdhW tajhd nghOJ jd;Dila Njhw;wj;ijf; fz;L ,y;yhky; tpl;lhs;. nfQ;r xU kPJ

khWgl;L ,Uf;fpd;wdh; vdf; Nfl;f> mtSk; jaq;fhky; cz;ikfisf; ‘ vd vd Fifapd; Jhf;fp ‘, q ; f p U e ; J ghiwahy; mtd; ghh;j;jg; itj;Jf; Ngha;tplyhNk itj;Js;shh;’ ghiwiaj; Ik;gJ ‘cd;Dila

$wpdhs;. nrd;W

Nah[id

jpUk;gp te;jhd;. ,jw;fpilapy; xU ehs; me;j rpq;fk; ,iw Njlg; Nghd nghOJ nfhz;L rp`ghG> mq;fpUe;Jj; jd; jg;gp j q ; i fi a A k ; > Xbdhd;. jd;Dila ,UtUk; jhahiuAk; jd;Dila Njhspd; ,UGwKk; Vw;wp itj;Jf; mtu;fs; jk; cliy ,iyfshy; %bf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jdh;. me;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-74fhl;bd; mile;j mkh;e;J ,iQrd; (Yanga) ,Ue;jhd;. vy;iyia nghOJ nfhz;L jhNd xUtidf; murdpd; gil mtDf;F xl;ba mq;F mq;F xU xU fpuhkj;ij kuj;jpd; nfhz;L nfhz;L aq;fh gFjpia ,Ue;jtupd; mtu;fs; mbapy; ,Ue;j ,Ue;j ehl ;L kfd; Ms mur

eilngw;Wf; mtd;

N t i y fi s

fz;fhzpj;Jf; fz;ldh;. me;j j i y t d hf

vy;iyg;

mjpfhuk; nfhLj;J ,Ue;jdh;. jg;gp te;jpUe;j mtu;fisf; fz;l me;j vd ,isQd; tp[hupf;f ey;y

mtu;fs;

vq;fpUe;J epiyiaf; mij ,iyfspy;

tUfpd;wdh; fz;ltd; czit mtu;fs;

m t u ;f S k ; j h k ; f h l ;L t h r p f s ; (f o r e s t -fo l k) v d f ; $ w p d h h ;. mtu;fSila cilfs; nghOJ> jq;fkhf Nghdtd; Nfl;fTk;> MfNt je;J me;j (gold) kPz;Lk; mts; me;j mtu;fSf;F mtu;fSf;F itj;Jf; fz;L gw;wpa cLf;fr; nrhd;dhd;. grpj ;jpUe;j nfhLj ;j mit tpae;J tptuk; $wpdhs ;. jq;ifia kzk;

,iyfis mtsplk;

njhl;lTld;

k h w p t p l ; l d. jd;Dilaf; me;j Ngha;

mijf;

mtu;fisg;

fijiaf; rp`ghGtpd; mtis

,isQd;; mioj;Jg;

muz;kidf;F

jhNd

nra;J nfhz;lhd;. jd;Dila mq;F Njb jhq;fhky; mJ Fiff;Fj; v i j Ak ; me;j jpUk;gpa cz;zhky; ,lj;jpd; % u ; f j ; j d k h fj ; rpq;fk;> ,Ue;jJ. midj;J jpupe;j me;j %tUk; Jf;fk; vy;iyg; me;j

,y;iy

vd;gij

mwpe;J

nfhz;L

m t u ; f i sj ;

gFjpfSf;Fk; nrd;W ghh;j;Jk;> vtUk; me;j ,lq;fspy; njd;gltpy;iy.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; g p d ;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-75rpq;fj;ij gpbf;f vtUf;Fk; ijupak; ,y;iy vd;gjpdhy; vtUk; ahid me;j mjw;F xd;wpd; rpq;fj;ijg; vLj;Jf; Kd; tutpy;iy. Mjdhy; me;j kd;dd; n f hz ; l ,e;j Kd; vdTk; nra;af; jha; $whky; rpq;fghG % t h a p uk ; KJfpy; gpbj;J Mapuk; ehzak;

n g l ; b i a V w ; w p e f u ; K O t J k ; m i j c y h t t p l ; L ‘v t d ; tUthu;fNsh mij ghpRj; NkYk; me;j nra;a njhif fhupaj;ij mtd; njhif nfhy;y mtu;fs; vtUk; gzj;ij tuhjjpdhy; ,Ue;J fpsk;gpa jLj;J vd cau;jpdhh;. nfhs;syhk;’ vd;w mwptpg ;G M a p u j ; j py ;

ntspapl;lhd;;.

mg;gbAk; m w p t pf ; f g ; g l ; l

,uz;hapuk; jd;Dila epWj;jpdhs;.

vdTk;> kfd;; Mdhy;

%thapuk;

,UKiw

rp`ghGit gupRj;

mwptpf;fg;gl;lJk; je;ijahd

jd;Dila rpq;fj;ijf;

jhahuplKk;

jd;Dila

fpsk;gp nrd;whd;. me;j me;j Ntiyia ehl;L eP Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Kd; te;j rp`ghGit ‘me;j ,e;j $w>

kd;ddplk; mlf;fp clNd nrd;W jpwe;jhd;. fz;L mijf;

mioj;Jr; tpl;lhy; me;j

nrd;wdh;. cdf;F vd kd;dd; ,Ue;j

rpq;fj;ij ,uh[paj;ijj; mtd; Fif mtd;

jUfpd;Nwd;’

fhl;bw;Fr; thapiy Kd; tu> k f i df ;

rpq;fk;

kiwe;jpUe;j rpq;fk; md;Gld; mjd;

Fiff;Fs; Mde;jk; nfhy;Yk;

jd;Dila

mile;J

Nehf;fj;jpy;

k PJ m k ; G v a ; j h d ; . me;j mk;G me;j new;wpia rpq;fj;jpd; Jisj;Jf; new;wpg; nghl;by; me;j gl;L mk;G

tpOe;jJ.

nfhz;L

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-76n r y ; y K b a h j j p d ; f h u z k ; j d ; D i la k f d ; k P J r p q ; f k ; itj;jpUe;j ghrNk . %d;W KiwAk; mtd; va;j mk;G mijf; nfhy;ytpy;iy. Mdhy; jpBu; vd mjw;F Nfhgk; Vw;gl> filrpapy; mtd; va;j mk;G mjd; clypy; CLWtpr; nrd;W mijf; nfhd;wJ. rp`ghG nfhz;L ,we;J thupR tpl;L Njbg; ,we;J Ch; VO VJk; Cu; Nghd rpq;fj;jpd; nghOJ Mfp Mdhy; ,Ue;jJ. me;j jiyia ehl;L me;j vLj;Jf; kd;dd; nfhd;W Ngud;

jpUk;gpa ehl;fs; fpilahJ.

ntq;fh

kd;dDf;F

rpq;fj;ijf; kd;ddpd;

jpUk;gpa

rp`ghGNt

v d ; g i j m w p e ; J n f h z ; l k e ; j p u p f s ; > m t D i l a j h a h iu gpbj;J mtis milahsk; fz;L ‘ePq;fNs nfhz;ldh;. ,e;j mur mtu;fs; midtUk; rp`ghGtplk;

g j t p a p y ; m k u N t z ; L k ;’ v d N t z ; b d h ; . mtu;fSila (je;ijf;Nf) (Sihasivali) efukhf ehl;by; mtis gpwe;jd. Ntz;LNfhis nfhLj;J vd;w khw;wp ,Ue;j tpl;L Vw;Wf; jhd; gpwe;j nfhz;ltd; rp`hrpthyp Nahrid Ml;rp nfhz ;L XbaJ. vd;gtu;.

jd;Dila ,uh[paj;ij jd;Dila jhahupd; fztUf;Nf ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W gy mikj;J rp`hrpthyp g j pdh W Rkpj;jh me;j vd;gtis EhW

msTf;Fg ; glu;e;jpUe;j fhl;il rp`Guh ( sihapura) vd;w ,lj;jpy; kze;J fhyk ; (Vijaya) . G u p a y h d h d ; . r p ` g h G t p d ; M S i k a py ; , U e ; j y h y h ( l a l a ) gl;lj;J m t u ; f s py ; ,uhzpahf;fpdhh;. Kiw %j;jtu; ( Sumitta) tp[ah

mtu;fSf;F ,uz;lhktu;

,ul;ilf; vd;gtu;

F o e ; i j fs ; e h s i l t py ;

tp[ahit jd; gl;lj;J thuprhf rp`ghG epakpj;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-77tp[ah kpfTk; nfh^ukhdtuhf nghWj;Jf; mtid kd;dDk; jtiw Kad;whu;. ,Ue;jhh;. mtiu Rw;wp Nghd vd

nfh^ikfs; Gupe;jtu;fNs nfhLikfisg; gw;wpf; $wp

epiwa ,Ue;jdh;. mtDila nfhs;s Kbahky; Ntz;Lk; gy gyKiw n f h L i k fi s g ; tpjj;jpYk; mtid

kf;fs; kd;ddplk; nrd;W mtd; nra;j mlf;fp jd; vLj;Jf; i tf ; f Ntz;bdh;. mtDila jpUj;j kfdplk; $wpdhu;. mtd;

MdhYk;

jpUe;jtpy;iy

v d ; g j p d h y ; N f h g K w ; w k f ; f s ; k d ; d dp l k ; n r d ; W ‘c q ; f s ; g p s ; i s i a f ; n f h y ; y N t z ; L k ; ’ v d Nt z ; b d h ; . MfNt mtD i l a jiyiaAk; mtu ; f S i l a flj;jpdhu;. j i u a pw q ; f p d . j i u a pw q ; f p a ( Ma h i l ad i pa ka) G+kpahd mq;Fk; me;j ghjp me;j ,lk; vd;gJ. kd;dd; nkhl;il fg;gy;fs; ehfjPgh tp[ah (Suppäraka) nrd;w tp[ahitAk;> gpbj;J
the

mtDld; midtupd; mbj;J ehL

vOEhW

Ml;fisAk; (half %d;W

head)

FLk;gj;Jld; mtu;fSila

fg;gypy;

Vw;wp

jdpj;jdp (Naggadipa) nrd;w vd;w Ml;fs;

,lq;fspy; fg;gy; vd;gJ. nrhu;f Mdhy;

Foe;ijfs;

,Ue;j

ngz;fSila fg;gy; jiu Rg;guhfh mtDld;

, w q ; f p a , l k ; k ` p y h j P g fh fg;gy; ,lk;.

f y t u j ; j py ;

<Lgl;ljpdhy; mq;fpUe;Jf; fpsk;gp kPz;Lk; gazj;ijj; Jtf;fpdhd;. guhf;fpukrhypahd tp[ah f i l rp a h f , y q ; i f a py ;

( la n ka) , U e ;j j h k ; g g d ;dp ( T a m b a p a n n i) v d ;w , l j ;j p w ;F
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-78te;J Nru;e;j nghOJ
trees)

mq;F ,uz;L rhy; kuq;fs; (saal ,Ue;j jhjfhlh ( Tathagata)

,ilNa

mku;e;J

ep g ; g h d h e p i y i a ( n i b b a n a ) v L j ; j p U e ; j h h ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp k hh ; f j ; j p y ; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh tp[ak;’

Nguhde;jk; M w hk ;

nghq;fpl ghfkhd

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

‘t p [ a h t p d ;

,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-7907: tp[ahtpd; KbR+l;L tpoh

cyfj;jpd; ,Wjpg; vjpupy; ,Ue;j ,Ue;J MfNt

t o p f hl ; b

jhd;

epg;ghdhtpy; nghOJ ,Ue;j

nrd;W mq;F

jkJ mtu; kw;Wk;

gazj;ijj; epd;W Nguhw;wy; fpsk;gp

njhlq;fpa

nfhz;L kpf;f vOEhW

flTl;fs; epd;W vd;w ,q;F yhyh

Kdptu;fs; ‘rp`ghFtpd;

Kd;dpiyapy; kfdhd

jd;dUfpy;
(Sakka)

nfhz;L Kdptuplk; efupy;

rhfh tp[ah

vd;gtu;

tPuu;fSld; mtUld;

te;Js;shu;.

= yq;fhtpy; vd;Dila rkak;; jioj;Njhq;f Ntz;Lk;. mtiuAk; t e ; J s ; s t u ; f i s Ak ; f h g ; g h w ; W t J c q ; f s ; n g h W g ; G ’ v d ; W j h l f h j h $w p d h h ; . jhjfhlhtpd; rhfh Nj t u ; f s p d ; tp U g ; g j ; i j f ; xg;gilj;jhh;. rhfhtplk; cldbahf Jwtpiag; te;j ,Ue;J Nghy me;j nghWg;ig te;J xU nfhz;lhh;. Vw;w me;j flTs; xU ,e;j
(
Ta t h a ga t a)

$wpa

mwpTiwiaf;

Nfl;l

jhkiug;

Nghd;w $wp

epwj;jpypUe;j nrd;W me;j

f l T shd jhjfhlhtpd; nghWg;ig

jiytuplk;

mtuplk;

=yq;fhtpw;F mkh;e;J

kuj;jpdbapy; ‘

,lj;jpw;F

tp[ahTk;

mtUld; ,y;iy.

te;jtu;fSk; MfNt ve;j jd;

jPgfw;gj;jpd; ngah; vd;d ?’ vd;W Nfl;f mtu; ‘ ,e;j jPgfw;gj;jpy; ,y;iy’ xUtUk; mghaKk; i f a py ; vd;W kl;Lk; $wptpl;L

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-80itj;jpUe;j mtu ; f S i l a nrd;W me ; j ahf;fpdp kiwe;J ,lj;jpy; FLitapy; jiyapy; ,Ue;J njspj;jg; jz;zPiu gpd; vLj;J mtu;fs;

iffspy; fapW xd;iwAk; fl;b tpl;L thdj;jpy; gwe;J tpl;lhh;. mtu; nrd;w clNdNa me;j xU fhl;L eupiag;; Nghd;w c U t j ; j py ; xUts; Njhd;wp elf;fyhd h s ; ;.

( yakkhini)

(Ftd;dhtpd; Ntiyahs;). tp[ahtpd; nrd;whh;. eha;fisAk; ahf;fpdpapd; ((Kuvani); xU xU vq;F fhz gil xU tPuu; mtis vd;gJ Ftd;dh Jwtp gpd;; njhlh;e;J m q;F me;j Fthdp Nghy

fpuhkk;

,Uf;FNkh g o n k ho p . vd;w (herm it)

KbAk;

jiytpahd kuj;jbapy;

m k h ; e ; j p U e ; j g b E hy ; E h w ; W f ; n f h z ; L , U e ; j h s ; . af;fpdpapd; Fsj;jpy; gUfpdhd;. kyu;fisg; ,iuahf mq ; F gpd; ,wq;fp mjd; nrd;wtd; Fspj;J gpd; me;j vd mts; tpl;L F s j ; j py ; mUfpy; rpwpJ ,Ue;j ‘epy;> ,Ue;j jz;zPu; jhkiu vdf;F Fuiyf; i f a py ;
thread)

gwpf;fj; te;jtNd’

Jtq;fpdhd;.

fj;jpatSila mtd; (magic mtid

Nf l ; l T l d ; f a p w ; w hy ; f l ; b g ; N g h l ; b U e ; j J N g h y m t d ; epd;wpUe;jhd;. ,Ue;j me;j mts; mtid tpl f a w ; w pj ; js;sp vd;whYk; f a p w ; w pd ; nfQ;rpf; mtd; nrd;W ngUk; fl;lg;gl;L rf;jpapdhy; Kbatpy;iy. fapw;iw vd;gjpdhy; (chasm) ke;jpuf; vj;jid ju Juj;jpr; mtd;

al;rpzpapdhy;

tpOq;f me;j

Nfl;Lk;

rk;kjpf;ftpy;iy xU ghjhsj;jpy; me;j $r;rypl;lhd;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-81ngUk; vOEHW $r;rypl;lhd;. M l ; f i s Ak ; me;j al;rpdp kPz;Lk; me;j kw;w x t ; x U t i u a hf ,lj;jpw;F

Vkhw;wp mioj;J te;J al;rpdpia Fsj;jUNf RtLk; gpd;

ghjhsj;jpy; js;spaJ. nrd;w mq;F mq;F vd;w eP mjdhy; Ml;fisg; jd;Dila Jwtp vtUila re;Njfk; vdf;F ‘r u p tpl;L> mts;jhd; Ml;fs; Nghy fhy; te;jJ. vd;d Fspj;J jd;Dila

njhlh;e;J nrd;W

vtUNk jpUk;gp tuhjjpdhy; mkh;e;jpUe;jtisf; njhpatpy;iy. ‘v d ; D i l a ‘ Ml;fis mt s p l k ; vd;W vd;d fz;lhh;.

fyf;fKw;w tp[ah me;j

nfhd;wpUg;ghs; ‘cd;Dila vd;W Fsj;J me;j

ghh;f;ftpy;iyah’

Nfl;f Ngr;R

M l ; f S ld ; $wpats;> ePiu gUfp

njhlh;G

cs;sJ

cd;Dld;

tpl;Lg; Ngh’ vd;whs;;. mg;gb mts; $wpaJNk mtUf;F ed;F tpsq;fptpl;lJ ‘,ts; al;rpzpNajhd; ehd; mth; nghOJ xU kW vLj;J g a e ;J vd;gjpy; vd;gJ fPNo kdjpy; re;NjfNk ,tSf;F Gdpjiu i tj ; j p U e ; j mtsJ jd; fOj;jpy; me;j ,y;iy. vg;gb epidj;Jf; j d ; D i la mjpubahf Kbia ,Ue;j ‘v q ; N f jd;id ,y ; y n a d p y ; ahh;

njhpe;jpUf;Fk;? ’ nfhz;Nl ,Ue;j tpy;-mk;ig Xbr; gw;wpf; th i s vd nrd;whh;. nfhz;L cWtp

vLj;Jr;

nry;y ifahy;

Kad;wtsplk;

jiy ciwapy; itj;J al;rpzp

ifahy; mts; Nghd

v d ; t P u u ; f s ; ? > $ w ht p b y ; c d ; i d f ; n f h d ; W t p L N t d ; ‘ fj;jpaJk; tpl;L tpLkhWk;;> mjw;fhf mtUf;F xU ,uh[;[paj;ij
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-82mspj;J $wpdhs;;. jd;id V k hw ; w p tplf; $lhJ vd;gjpdhy; nrhy;yp th’ vd ntspNa ‘m t u ; f s ; nfhL’ nfhd;W vd me;j xU ngz; Nrtfpahf jhDk; gzp Ghptjhf

al;rpzpia vd;Dila mi d t i u A k ; te;J fl;lis czTg; nfhz;L

rj;jpak; Ml;fis me;j

nra;ar; nfhz;L

mtsplk; mtSf;F mtu;fs; nfhz;L grpNahL mtu; tpOq;fpa mtuplk; gpd;

, U e ; J t h f ; F W j pia n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; l g p d ; ‘c l d b a h f Mizapl;lhu;. mtuplk; ,l> al;rpzpAk; ,Ue;J

gs;sj;jpy; vjhtJ Kd;du;

xg;gilj;jhs;. cz;zf; jhd; gpw

,Uf;fpd;wdh;>

tpahghupfsplk ; ( tra d e r s) ,Ue;J mgfhpj ;J i t j ;j p U e ;j gz;lq;fisAk; tp[ahtpd; jahupj;J czT nghUl;fisAk; me;j nfhLj;jhs;. Ml;fs; gz;lq;fisf; nfhLj;jg;

mtUf;Ff;

jhKk; cz;ldh;.

me;j

al;rpzpf;Fk; mzpe;J

tp[ah nfhz;L me;j xU kPJ

czT jd ; xU

nfhLf;f

mij

cz;lts; eiffis Nghy

kfpo;rpAw;whs;.

clypy; gjpdhW

gytpjkhd taJg; ngz; jq;f gLf;f fz;l mtis me;j

cUkhwpdhs;. $ba

kuj;jpd;

mbapy; mijf; nfhz;L nrd;W

Nkw;$iwAld; g L f ; i f i a Ak ; me;j kd;dd; kidtpahf

, l j ; i j Ak ; > fhjy;

mikj;Jf; mts;

n f h L j ; j hs ; . mioj;Jr;

Vw;W

jd;Dld;

g L f ; i f a p y ; g L j ; J f ; n f h z ; l h u ; . kw ; w m i d t U k ; m e ; j ,lj;ij Rw;wp gLj;Jf; nfhz;L ,isg;ghwpdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-83md;W mij ,uT ghLtJ me;j ,dpa ahh; ‘ehd; (yakkhas) kf;fSf;F me;j ,lj;jpd; ,iriaAk;> vdf; mUfpy; $j;ijAk; ,Ue;Jte;J Nfl;ltd;> al;rpzp me;j nfhz;bUe;j Na h r p j ; j J ahf;fhf;fisg; nfhd;W vdpy; tp L k ; . ’ mts ; ,sturdplk; vd;w $wpdhs; ‘ ,q;Fjhd; kfs; rpuprhtj;jh efuk; yq;fhtpy; mtSf;F ,d;W njhlh;e;J ,d;W ,uT $Lthh;fs;. je;Js;s tpLkhW ,e;j vd;id

Nfl;lTld; ,tdplk; gw;wpf; $wp

a l ; r p z p f s hd mitfisf; ,y;iy nra;J nfhd;W Vw;ghL
al;rpdp)

Nfhupf;if ,q;F af;fh

i tf ; f p d ; N w d ; . jq;f (
Mz;

(Sirisavatthu)

al;rpzpfshd

af;fhf;fspd;

cs;sJ. ,Ue;J jpUkzk;

af;fhf;fspd; te;J elj;jp

j i y t Di l a mtSila VO

,q;Fjhd; itf;f vd;gjpdhy; midj;J

trpf;fpd;whs;. ehl;fs;

jhahh;

tUfpd;whs; me;j

,g;gbj;jhd; jpUkz $j;Jf;fs; elf;Fk;. ,lj;jpy; af;fhf;fSk;

mg;nghOJ mtu;fis eP mopf;fhtpby; gpd;du; cd;dhy; mtu;fis mopf;fNt KbahJ.’ ‘fz;Zf;F mopg;gJ?’ xt; xU Gyg;glhky; vdf; cs;s ‘ mtu;fis ehd; ehd; vg;gb cs;s

Nfl;ltdplk;

mtu;fs;

, l k h f r; n r d ; W F u y ; j U f p d ; N w d ; . e P m e ; j

F u y ; t e ; j j p i ria N e h f ; f p m k ; G v a ; j h y ; v d ; D i l a ke;jpu rf;jpapdhy; me;j mk;Gf;fis mtu;fs; kPJ gha itf;f m t u ; f i s ku z k ; milar; nra;fpd;Nwd;. mjd; gpwF ekf;F ftiy ,Uf;fhJ ’ vd;whs;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-84mts; $wpagbNa nfhz;L mtu; kw;wij midj;J jd;Dld; af;fhf;fisAk; te;jtu;fSf;F mo p j ; J t p l ; L a f ; f h f ; f s p d ; j i y t Di la M i li a j h d ; cLj;jpf; mspj;jhu;. me;j ,lj;jpy; me;j jd; rpy ehl;fs; vd;w efuk; jq;fp ,Ue;j gpd; tp[ah

jhk;ggd;dp nrd;wdh;. mikj;J

( Tam ba p a n n i) ,lj;jpy

efUf;F xd;iw

mtu;fs;

kidtpahd

al;rpzpAlDk;

ke;jpupfSlDk; jq;fpdh;. tp[ahTld; jkJ nghOJ epw kz; fg;gypy; te;jpwq;fpatu;fs; itj;Jf; me;j mjdhy; vd;w ,tUf;Fk; tp[ahtpd; rpfyh mrjpahYk; ,Ue;j rptg;G

fisg;gpdhYk; me;j ,lj;jpw;F te;J mku;e;J G+kpapy; i f fi s xl;bf; vdg; mOj;jp nfhz;lJ. rp`yh
(Sihabähu) (je;ij-kfd;);

nfhz;L G+kpapd; me;j ngah; ,Ue;j ( Sihala)

mtu;fSila

iffspy;

,lj;jpw;F rpq;fj;ijf; ngw;w cwT vd;Wk;

jhk;ggd;dp nfhd;wjpdhy;

ngahpl;ldh;.

Mdhy;

rp`gh`_tpw;Fk; Kiwapdhy; ,Ue;;j kf;fs; mioj;jdh;. tp[ahtpd; fpuhkq;fis ejpf;fiuapy; ngauhy; tlf;Fg;

,uh[;aj;jpy;

midtiuAk;

ke;jpupfs; mikj;jdh;. mDuhjfhkh vd;w

,q;Fk;

mq;Fkhf flk;gh )

gy

( Kadamba) vd;gtupd; mjd; (Gambhira) ( Up a t i s s a)

( Anuradhagama fpuhkk; fk;gPuh

mDuhjfhkh gf;fj;jpy; gilj;

cUthdJ.

,Ue;j jiytd;

ejpf;fiuapy;

cgb];]h

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-85vd;w ,lq;fspy; tp [ p j h fpuhkj;ij ,Ue;j vd;w c[;[pdp> mikj;jhh;. %d;W cUtpyh mjd; ke;jpupfs; %d;W gpd; %d;W kw;Wk; mi k r ; r u i t a p y ; (Vijita)

(Ujjeni, Uruvela)

ngah;fspy;

efuq;fis

cUthf;fpdh;. efuq;fis ,sturdplk; g F j p f i s Ak ; KbR+l;bf; mtNuh kidahfp gjtpia ey;y Vw;f epWtpag; nrd;W xd;wlf;fpa xU gpd; mtiu mtuplk; FLk;gj;Jg; vd;W mtu;fs; me;j Ntz;bdh;. ngz; $wp jd;dhy; ,uh[;aj;jpd; mdtUk; midj;Jg; kd;ddhf Mdhy; jd;Dila me;j m t u ; f S i la

nfhs;SkhW gl;lj;J

,uhzpahdhy;jhd;

KbAk;

Nf h h p f ; i f i a e p u h f u p j ; J t p l ; l h u ; . vd;d MdhYk; rup> mtiu kd;ddhf KbR+l;l Ntz;Lk; vd jPu;khdpj;jtu;fs; M u ha ; e ;J Kj;J> xU mjw;fhd ghh;j;j gpd; kw;Wk; nfhLj;J mDg;gp vd;w fbdkhd g y ; N tW gy;NtW jq;fs; njd; Mz;L kzk; gy gupRg; cah;e;j tPl;Lg; ,e;jpag; te;j Kbf;f nfhLj;J topfisAk; nghUl;fshf nghUl;fis ngz;fisAk; gFjpapy; ghz;L mtUila kJuh (Pandu) kfis

eiffs;

FOtplk; (Madhura) jk;

mtu;fSld; k d ; d dp l k ;

efiu

mtw;iwf;

kd;dDf;F

Nfhupf;if tpLkhW $wp mDg;gpdh;. kJuhtpw;F murdplk; jd;Dila fg;gypy; nrd;W k e ; j p up te;j J h J tu ; f s ; gupRfisAk; mtu;fs; gl;lhsk; nfhLj;jdh;. tpLj;j

midj;J

rigapdUld;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-86Ntz;LNfhis ke;jpupfSld; ghh;j;jg; gpd; ed;F fPo; MNyhrpj;j murDk;> tp[ahtpd; Nghl;L te;jpUe;j fz;l ngz;fs; nra;jpia $l;lj;ijAk;

jz;Nlhuh

m w p t p j ; j h u ; . ‘, e ; j C u p y ; , U e ; J v t u ; j k J n g z ; f i s kd;dDila kfSld; mDg;gp itj;J mts; kzKbf;f cs;s ,lj;jpy; cs;s mikr;ru;fis kze;J nfhs;s rk;kjpf;fpd;wdNuh> th r y p y ; nry;yyhk; epw;f vd;w mtu;fs; itj;jhy; ngw;Nwhupd; jk; mtu;fis rk;kjk;; ngz;fSf;Fj; mioj;Jr; fpilj;J N j i t a h d , U k l q ; F c i l f i s n fhL j ; J j k J t P l ; L ;

tpl;ljhf epidf;fg;gLk;;’ ,g;gbahf ngz;fspd; nfsutpj;jg; kfSld; gjpndl;L mDg;gpdhu;. ,lj;jpy; mtu;fSld; gl;lhsj;Jld; gyu; gpd; tPl;by; ed;F ,Ue;Jk; N j i t a hd jahuhf gzk; te;j je;J

tPl;bdUf;F mtu;fis f i y fs p y ; kd;dd; mtu;fSk; fiu

myq;fupf;fg;gl;l Vw;ghLfis gy Fjpiufs;> rpwe;j

j d ; D i la nra;jhu;. Nghd;w nfhLj;J vd;w ngau; fiyQu;fs;>

mDg;g

ahidfs;>

FLk;gj;jpdh; fbjKk; ( M a ha t i t t h a) ,lj;jpd;

tp[ahtpw;F k`hjpj;jh ,wq;f

nrd;W

me;j

k`hjpj;jh (Maha t i ttha) vd;W Mapw;W . al;rpdp %yk; tp[ahtpw;F kd;dd; vd;dplk; nrd;W xU kfDk;> xU ‘, e ; j cldbahf kfSk; ,U eP

gpwe;jpUe;jdh;. kfj ehl;L ,sturp te;J ,wq;fpaijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l n r y ; t q ; f i s Ak ; NtW Ng h d ; w vq;NfDk; al;rpzpaplk; t p l ; L t p l; L tpL. Vd; vdpy;

c q ; f i sg ;

al;rpdpfisf; fz;lhy; ruhrup kdpjh;fs; gak;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-87milthh;fs;’ jaq;fpajpdhy; kd;dd; kd;whbAk; vd;whh;. Mdhy; mg;gb jhd; fpsk;G. n r d ; w hy ; cdf;F vj;jid al;Ff;fshy; jkf;F Mgj;J Vw;gLk; vd mts; gae;J ‘r P f ; f p u k ; ,q;fpUe;J vj;jid gzk; Ntz;LNkh mij ehd; jUfpd;Nwd; ’ vd mtis mtis mtrug;gLj;j mq;F jq;f mtuplk; mDkjpf;fhjjpdhy;

k d ; d dp d ; k h s p i fa p y ; , U e ; J j d ; , U F o e ; i j f i s A k ; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L me;j al;rpzp yq;fhGuh ( Lankapura) vd;w ,lj;jpw;F nrd;W tpl;lhs;. mts; nfhz;l jd;Dila nrd;w Foe;ijfis nghOJ tPl;by; tpl;L tpl;L fz;L

ntspapy;

mtis

milahsk; mtis

al;rpzpfshd

ahf;Ff;fs;

csthsp

vd re;Njfpj;J xNu mbapy; mbj;Jf; nfhd;W tpl;ld. n t s p a p y ; n r d ; W t p l ;L C h ; j p U k ; g pa m e ; j a l ; r p z p a p d ; rNfhjud; Ftd;dhtpd; mtu ; f i s A k ; vd mts; tpl;bw;Fr; nrd;W mq;fpUe;j ghh;j;jhd;. tpLthh;fs; jg;gp ( Kuvanna) tpl;L F o e ; i j fi s g ; nfhd;W

mtu ; f i s a l ; r p z p f s h d a h f ; F f ; f s ; itf;fhky; gae;jjpdhy; mtu;fis clNd

ghh;j;J tpl;lhy; mq;fpUe;J

XLk;gbf; $wpdhh;. mq;fpUe;J vd;w %j;j jg;gp Xbatu;fs; RkdFl;lh mq;F gy nrd;W ( Sumanaküta) ,Utupy;; r N f h j h p i a Na gps;isfisAk;> mtu;fs; midtUk; mq;F trpj;jdh;.

,lj;ij

mile;jdh;. nfhz;L (malaya)

mtu;fs;

r N f h j ud ;

jd;Dila

kidtpahf;fpf; kyhahtpw;F

ngz;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhd;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-88mtu;fsplk; Njhd;wpaJ. ghz;L kd;dd; ju mDg;gpa mijf; fz;L jk; gupRg; kfpo;e;J mur n g h U l ; f S l Dk ; > tp[ahtpw;F Nghd kd;dd; kfSld; ,Ue;j nra;J vy;yhtpj ,Ue;Nj Gype;jh (Pulinda) ,dk;

mtD i l a mtw;iwj; mtu ; f i s te;jpUe;j nfhs;s

kfSld; tpku;irahf ngz;fis mtutu;

te;jtu;fSk; cgrupj;J

ghz;Ltpd; rigapy; kzk; kPwhky;

mikr;ru;fSf;F

jFjpf;Nfw;g

mDkjpj;jhu;.

tof;fj;ij

rlq;FfSk; nra;j gpd; Kiwg;gb tp[ahit kd;ddhf KbR+l;bf; nfhz;lhbdh;. kd;dDk; gl;lj;J ngUksT xt;xU gz te;jhh;. Kd;dh; nfhLq;Nfhyuhf mij jkJ khw;wpf; tho;f;if nfhz;L Kiwia jhk;ggd;dp ghz;Ltpd; ntFkjpfs; fly; kfis je;J kze;J nfhz;L mJ mtis Kjy; mDg;gp

,uhzpahf;fp> tUlKk;

jd;Dila

mikr;ru;fSf;F ,uz;lhapuk;

n f s u t pj ; j h u ; . khkdhUf;F

jd;Dila

kjpg;gpw;F

Kj;Jf;fis

(shell-pearl)

itj;jpUe;jtu;>

,uh[paj;ij Kg;gj;jp vl;L tUlq;fs; jh;kk; gpowhky;> mi k j p a h f> N e u ; i k a h f M z ; L t e ; j hh ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp k hh ; f j ; j p y ; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

% u ; j ; j p a p d ; V o h k ; g h f k h d ‘t p [ a h t p d ; K b R + l ; L t p o h ’ ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-8908: ghz;LthRNjth KbR+ly;
jd;Dila kd;dd; $wpf; MfNt mioj;J topNa mJ Ml;rpapd; ve;j filrp k f Dk ; fhy fl;lj;jpy; ‘v d f ; F eh d ; , Ue;j vd ,we;J ,q ;F NtW j P t P u k hf

tp[ah nfhs;s

Nahrid

nra;jhu;

thupR

,y;iy.

tpl;lhy; ,e;j ehL gy;NtW gpur;ridfspy; %o;fp tpLk; . v d ; D i la mtdplk; ,y;iy.’ rNfhjudhd Ml;rpia Rkpj;jh it tpl xg;gilg;gij mikr;ru;fSld; rpy

jd;Dila vOjp

MNyhrid nra;j gpd; kd;dd; tp[ah jd; rNfhjuDf;F Fwpj;J fbjk; mDg;gpa ehl;fspNyNa m t u ; k u z k ; m i le ; J t p l ; l h u ; . me;j kd;dd; ,we;J xU tUlj;jpw;F ,y;iy. nghWg;gpy; =yq;fh v e ;j vd;w ,uh[;a

k d ; d dp d ; ,lj;jpy;

M l ; r p i k a pY k ; cghjprhfk; $l;Lg; , U e ; j th W

tp[adpd;

mikr;riuitNa

( Up a t i s s a g a m a)

g u p g h y d k ; n r a ; ; J n f h z ; L t e ; j J. mjw;F Kd; mq;F mtUf;F vd;w kfs; rp`hGuhtpy; jw;nghOija ,lj;jpy; %d;W tp[adpd; nfhLj;j ,Ue;j rp`ghGtpd; efukhd te;j gpwe;J te;j gbj;jtu; $ w pdh h ;

kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF mtUila kfdhd Rkpjh Ml;rpapy; mku;e;jhh;. kj;jh k d ; d dp d ; ,Ue;jdh;. JhJtu;fs; jd;Dila nrd;id gps;isfs; fbjj;Jld; mioj;Jf; fbj j ; i j (madda) Ml;rp nra;J

%yk;

rp`hGuhtpw;F (Sihapura) %d;W

g p s ; i s fi s A k ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-90cq;fspy;; k i w t pw ; F g ; Ntz;Lk;’. me;j kd;ddpd; ,isa Gjy;tu; ghz;LthRNjth vd;gtu; ( Pa n d u va s u d e va) Ml;rpapy; Nahrpj;jhh; ‘ehd; mq;F nrd;W Ml;rpg; Kg;gj;jp me;j n g h W g ; i g V d ; V w ; f f ; $ l h J ? ’ m j d ; g b j d ; j e ; i j a pd ; mikr;ru;fshf Nghy , U e ; j t u; f S i l a m z pe ; J %d;W kfd;fis jd;Dld; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L Mz;bg; gz;lhuq;fisg; CUf;F ,Ue;j cs;S+u; Ntlk; nfhz;L fpsk;gpdhh;. ,lj;ij kf;fs; jw;nghOija nrd;wile;j kpf kd;dhh; nghOJ gFjpapy; mtu;fis vtuhtJ gpd; Kd; m e ;j te;J vd;Dila Vw;Wf; rNfhjuu; nfhs;s Mz;l mw;Gj G+kpahd =yq;fhtpw;Fr; nrd;W mtUila Ml;rpia

,Ue;j k ` h f z ;lhuh ( Ma h a ka n da r a) v d ;w ejpf ; f i u a p y ; md;GlDk; k u p a h i j A l Dk ;

tuNtw;wdh;. Nj t i j f s ; mjw;F Kd; (devatas) vd;w gpd; njhlh;e;J tu> xU cghjprhfkh te;jile;jdh;. N[hjpluplk;>

( Up a t i s s ag am a)

,lj;ij

mtu;fs;

mq;fpUe;j

mikr;ru;fs;

,e;j ehl;il Msg;NghFk; ,sturu; vg;nghOJ tUthu; v d ; w M N y h r i d a py ; < L g l ; b U e ; j d h ; . N [ h j p l U k ; ‘ , e ; j ehl;il Gj;j $wpdhh;. ehsd;W mtu;fs; mtu;fis mtu;fis Ms; VO ehl;fspy; epWt $wpagbNa Eioe;j te;jjpd; vdTk; Gay; khW Nghy xUtu; vd te;J rk;uh[;aj;ij mtu; mq;F ahh; CUf;Fs; ,Uf;fpd;whh;’ Mz;bg; fzpj;Jf; v o ht J

Ntlj;jpy;

gz;lhuq;fsplk; Nfl;lwpe;J nfhz;L Vw;FkhW fz;L

f h u z j ; i jf ; m i l a hs k ; Ml;rpia

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

md;Gld;

mioj;J

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-91mtu;fis $wpdhYk; nfhs;s md;Gld; KbR+l;L Kbahky; mioj;J tpohit Nghdjpd; Ml;rpia cldbahf fhuzk; V w ; F k hW i tj;Jf; mtUf;Fj;

jpUkzk; Mftpy;iy. rr;f Kd; mkpNjhjdh Nfhryh ( Sakka Amitodana) kd;ddpdhy; fq;iff; xU vd;gtupd; khwg; kW gps;is NghfpwJ gFjpf;Fr; KbR+l;bf;

rf;f ghz;L vd;gtu; (Sakka Pandu) Gj;jhpd; kuzj;jpw;F ehl;L Ml;rp vd;gij mwpe;J nfhz;lJk;> jd;Dila Mjuthsu;fis mioj;Jf; nrd;W nfhz;L fiuapd; mq;fpUe;j efuj;jpw;F kd;ddhf

nfhz;lhu;. mtUf;F %d;W kfd;fs; gpwe;jdu;. mtUila Nguofpahd nra;J Mgj;J gupRfis f i l r pg ; mts; kPJ ngz;zpd; jq;fk; Mir VO Mdhy; ng a h ; n f hz ; L me ; j gj;jfhr;rdh kpd;dpa kzk; ghz;Ltpw;F mq;F Kg;gj;jp ejpapy; mtu;fs; vdTk; mtis

(Bhaddakaccana) nfhs;s

vd;gJ. tpUk;gpa

Nghd;W

kd;dh;fs;

mDg;gpdh;. Vw;glyhk; $wp

kd;dh;fspdhy;

vd;gjpdhYk;> ,Ue;jjpdhYk; xU fg;gypy; ‘v t U f ; F kze;J gupRfis

mtSf;F mtSld;

jpUkzk; ele;jhy; mtDila Ml;rp ftpo;e;J tpLk; vd N[hjplu;fs; ,uz;L mDg;gp jd;Dila mwptpg;G ngz;fis tpl;lhd;. ngz;iz nra;jhd;. Vw;wp fq;if

tpUg;gNkh nfhs;syhk;’ mDg;gpa

kd;du;fspdhy;

fg;giy ifg;gw;w Kbatpy;iy. fg;gy; ,uz;lhk; ehsd;W k`hfz;lhu ejpf;fiuf;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-92mUfpy; ,Ue;j Nfhdfkhfh ( Gonagamaka) vd;w ,lj;ij nrd;wila Nghy jk;ik efukhd mq;F cU ,wq;fpatu;fs; khw;wpf; nfhz;L me;j vd;w fd;ah];jpuPfisg; me;j Ciu Cupd; jiy mile;jdh;. m t u ; f i sg ;

cgj;jpfrhkh

mtu;fSf;Fj;

njhpahky;

Njtijfs;

g h J f h f ; f g p d ; n j hl h ; e ; J t e ; j p U e ; j d u ; . te;jpwq;fpa nfhz;L ke;jpupfSk; mtu;fis xU ke;jpup milahsk; nrd;whh;. kzKbj;J fz;L nra;J itj;J

kd;ddplk;

mioj;Jr; mtSf;F

midj;J

N[hjplh;fSld;

fye;jhNyhrid

ghz;LthRNjthit

KbR+l;l ghz;LthRNjthtpd; MirAk; epiwNtwpaJ. gj;jfhr;rdh ngz;fSf;Fk; kze;J nfhz;L mtSld; gpd; te;jpUe;j me;j efiu

kzKbj;J

itj;jg;

ghz;LthRNjth kpfTk; kfpo;rpAld; Mz;L te;jhu;. Gj;j tFj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh kdjpy; Nguhde;jk; tpoh’ nghq;fpl top

%u;j;jpapd; KbR+l;L

vl;lhk;

ghfkhd , g ; g b a hf

‘ghz;LthRNjthtpd; epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-9309: mga; a h KbR+ly;

me;j gl;lj;J ,uhzp gj;J kfd;fisAk; xU kfisAk; ngw;nwLj;jhs;. (Abhaya) vd;gJ. fzpj;J $w mJ vd;gJ. me;j me;j %j;j filrp muritg; kfDilag; kfSilag; gz;bjh;fs; ngah; ngah; mga;ah rpl;bah khkhf;fs; nfhd;W

tUq;fhyj;ij

ngz;Zila kfd; jd;Dila Kd;dNu mtisj; jhNk

midtiuAk; nfhd;W tpl;L gjtpia ifgw;Wthd; vdf; elf;Fk; vd tplyhk; mtSila rNfhjuu;fs; KbntLf;f

m t u ; f i s > mg a ; a h j L j ; J e p W j ; j p t p l ; l h u ; . kd;dDila gLf;if miwia xl;bdhw;Nghy; ,Ue;j xU miwapy; mtis mts; EhW m o f pdh y ; mtSf;F rpiw vq;Fk; itj;J jg;gp Xl Jizf;F Kbahky; itj;jdh;. tPuu;fisAk; xU ,Uf;f mts; Rz;b vd ngz;izAk;> ghJfhg;gpw;F jd;Dila ,Of;f

tPuu;fisAk; midj;J

‘c k h j r p l ; l h ’ ( U m m a d a c i t t a )

m i l n k h o pg ; n g a h ; V w ; g l ; l J . gl;lf;fhr;rdh Nfs;tpg;gl;l kw;wtu;fs;; ( Bhaddakaccana) mtSila gl;lj;J =yq;fhtpw;F nrd;wijf; jtpw Vw;W

rNfhjuu;fspy;

xUtiuj;

,sturpapd;

Nahridia

mq;F nrd;wdh;. mq;F te;jtu;fis ghz;LthRNjthTk;> cgrupf;f> epidj;J m t u ; f S i la mtu;fs; Nghy

rNfhjupAk; ckhjrpl;lhtpd;

tuNtw;W epiyia

fyq;fpaJ

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-94ebj;J jq;fpdh;. mOJ ukh Gyk;gpdh;. ( R a ma ) gpwF =yq;fhtpy; mq;Fk;> ,q;Fk; nrd;W jk; kdjpw;F gpbj;jpUe;j ,lj;jpy; nrd;W vd;gtu; ,uhkNfhdhtpYk; jpfA kw;Wk; Dighayu, ( R a ma g o n a ) ; > Nuh`d;dh a n d Ro h an a ) cUtpyh> mDuhjh> Anurädha tp[pjh>

( U r u v el a ,

V i ji t a g a ma ,

Nghd;w kw;wtu;fs; mtutu; ngah;fspdhy;

mike;j Cu;fspYk; jq;fpdh;. mDuhjh jhk; jq;fpa gpd; ,lj;jpy; mq;F %j;j xU muz;kidiaAk;> mjdpilNa m ga ; a h i t

Fsj;ijAk; jd;

fl;ba

jq;fpdhd;. kfdhd

ghz;LthRNjth

jd;Dila

g p uj p e p j p a h f K b R + l ; b d h u ; . (Dighayu) vd;gtu; kfdhd ckhjrpj;jhtpd; jpfhkzpapdp; ( Ummadacitta)

jpf;fA+tpd; ( Dig h ag am a n i)

moiff; Nfs;tpg;gl;L mtisf; fhz cgjprhfk;khtpw;F nrd;W mq;fpUe;j kd;ddplk; nrd;whu ;. me;j kd;dDk; m t d ; k d i j m w pa h k y ; m t i d j d ; D i l a g p u j p e p j p a pd ; cjtpahsuhf epakpj;jhd;. ,jdpilNa Ntbf;ifg; mq;fpUe;j mtd; me;j xU kPJ ,isQd; ehs; mtd; xU ghh;j;Jf; fkhdpia fhjy; mtidg; ehs; [d;dyUNf ,Ue;j epd;wpUe;jgb rpj;jh (Citta)> ghh;j;J fhtyhf vd;w cLk;G

nfhz;L (Gamani) nfhz;L gw;wpa

vNjw;irahfg; jdf;Ff; tptuk;

,Ue;jtsplk;

Nfl;lwpe;jhs;. kfd;jhd; ,utpy;

mtSila vtUf;Fk;

k h k d pd ; njhpahky;

cz;ik njhpatu mtu;fs; ,Utupd; fhjYk; tsu;e;jJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-95v d ; w R t u ; V W k ; g p u h z p i a c g N a h f pj ; J m i j R t u ; k P J Vw tpl;L mjd; gad; tuyhdhd;. kPJ gLj;jp fapw;iw NkNy fl;b Vwpr; mtSld; Vzp Nghy mtis ( ho ok l ad d e r) re;jpj;J nrd;W

ehsiltpy;

clYwTk;

nfhz;L tpl;lhd;. ,g;gbahf mtu;fs; re;jpg;G vtUf;Fk; njhpahky; njhlu;e;jJ. fu;gKw;wtspd; nra;gts; mtSk; fhuzj;ij jhkjpf;fhky; jd;Dila kd;dDk; epiyf; Fwpj;j nra;jp jhia fu;gk; Fwpj;Jf; j pf h k z p itf;f nfhz;L MNyhrid vd;w KbT mq;F Ntiy

%yk; jd;Dila Nfl;Lj;

mts; kfsplk;

nrd;wila m i le ; j j pd ; rw;Wk; $wpdhs ;. nra;j me;j n ra ;J gpwf;Fk;

njhpe;J mJ ed;F

kd;ddplk;

mikr;ru;fsplk; mtDila jpUkzk;

kfSf;Fk; nra;J Nghl;ldh;.

,iQrDf;Fk; mjw;nfhU tpLNthk;’

tpl;lhd;. mjw;F xg;Gf; nfhz;l mtSila rNfhjuu;fs; epge;jid ‘x U N t i s Foe;ij Mzhf ,Ue;J tpl;lhy; mij ehq;fs; nfhd;W

gpurt Ntis te;jJk; mtis cs; miwf;F mioj;Jr; nrd;wdh;. nfhba Gupa mjw;F Kd; mtSila (
Mz;

rNfhjuu;fs;
rpR nfhiyf;F)

Nghl;l Jiz me;j me ;j

rjpf; kWj;j

Fw;wj;jpw;F rpj;jh (Kalavela) nfhd;W

kw;Wk;

fkhdpapd; ,we;J gpwe;J

cjtpahsd; tpl;l

fhyNtyh ,sturh;fs; ,UtUk; fUtpy;

vd;w tpl;ldh;;. ( yakkhas)

,UtiuAk;;

al;rpzpfshfg; ,Ue;j

m t S i la ,Ue;jdh;.

Foe;ijf;F

ghJfhg;ghf

mjw;fpilapy; rpj;jh jd;Dila Njhop

%yk; NtW xU

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-96xU fu;gpzpg; ngz;izAk; tpl;lhs;. tutopj;J xNu Neuj;jpy; ngz; jd;Dld; mtu;fs; Mz; itj;Jf; nfhz;L

,UtUf;Fk; Foe;ijAk;>

Foe;ijfs; kw.nwhU

gpwe;jd. ngz;Zf;F

rpj;jhTf;F

Foe;ijAk;

gpwe;J tpl;ld. rpj;jh me;j ngz;Zf;F Mapuk; ehzak; gzk; nfhLj;J vtUf;Fk; njhpahky; jd; gf;fj;jpYk;> jq;iff;F ,U jd;Dila gpwe;jJ mts; Foe;ijia Foe;ijia ngz; mts; vd Mz;

gf;fj;jpYk; khw;wp itj;J tpl Vw;ghL nra;J tpl;lhs;. jq;fSila epidj;J Foe;ijf;F Foe;ijNa k f p o ; e ; j dh ; rNfhjuu;fs;. gpwe;jpUe;j

jhahu;fSk;>

mtSila

ghl;bAkhf

N r u ; e ; J g h z ; L f g ha h ( P a n d u k a b h a y a ) v d n g a u p l ; l d h ; . yq;fhit Mz;L te;j ghz;LthRNjth Kg;gJ Mz;Lfs; Ml;rpapy; kuzk; mtUila ,Ue;jhu;. mile;J kfd;fs; ghz;Lfghah mtu; $b xd;W gpwe;jTld; kiwTf;Fg; MNyhrid mtu; gpd;du; nra;J tpl;lhh;.

mtu;fSila rNfhjuu;fspy; xUtuhd mga;ahTf;F ntF tpku;irahf KbR+l;bdu;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; xd;gjhk; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl ghfkhd

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

‘m g a ; a h t p d ; K b R + l ; L

tpoh’ ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-9710: ghz;Lfghah KbR+ly;

c k ; k h j r p l ; l h $ w pa J N g h y g p w e ; j p U e ; j M z ; F o e ; i j i a mtSila Njhop xU $ilapy; itj;J vLj;Jf ; nfhz ;L Jthukz;lyhfh nrd;W tpl;lhs;. m t s ; f h l ; b d ; t o pNa n r d ; W n f h z ; L , U f ; i f a p y ; m q ; F Ntl;ilahl gzpahuk; jd;Dila $wpdhs;. mtd; njhpahky; cUtk; nfhy;y te;j cs;sJ Mij murd; vd;Wk; kWj;J te;J jpir fub me;j mtisg; ghh;j;J me;j cs;s vd ,U Nghy mij Me;j $ilapy; vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;W Nfl;f mtSk; mjpy; Jthufhkz;lyj;jpy; vLj;Jr; mijj; fhtyhf nfhz;L jpUg;g te;J kd;dd; xU jpwe;J k f Sf ; F ek;g mij nry;tjhfTk; fhl;L fz;Zf;Fj; ,Ue;j fub vd (Dvaramandalaka) vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr;

tw;GWj;j>

Foe;ijf;Ff;

njhlu;e;J mtid fj;jpdh;. nfhz;L

ahf;ffhf;fSk; vLj;J Juj;jpf;

tpl;lNj

Xbdhd;.

Foe;ijia Jhf;fpf; nfhz;L nrd;wtNsh ntF njhiyT X b r ; n r d ; W m g ; N g h J g p w e ; j p U e ; j x U M z ; F o e ; i j a pd ; ngw;Nwhiu nfhLj;J me;j , u f r pa k h f me;j re;jpj;J Mapuk; j df ; F $wpf; nghd; ehzak; Mz; Foe;ijiaf; ( herdsmen) vd f h g ; g h w ; W k hW Ntz;bdhs;. n f h s ; t j h ff ;

Ml;blaDk;

,ul;il

Foe;ijfs; $wptpl;lhd;. me;j

gpwe;js;sJ

rpWtDf;F

(ghz;Lfghah)

VO

tajhd

nghOJ

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-98mtd; nfhz;L Njbg; me;j capUld; tpl;l gpbj;Jf; rpWtDk; te;j mtd; cs;s nfhd;W ,lj;ij me;j tpLkhW vg;gbNah Mz; Ml;fis njhpe;J mtd; khkd;fs; Foe;ijia mDg;gpdh;. xU Vhpapy; nfhy;y kuj;jpd; jg;gpj;J

jd;Dila nghOJ

ez;gu;fSld; ,Ue;j

tpisahbf; mtu;fs; nghe;jpy; tpl;lhd;.

nfhz;L

,Uf;ifapy; Vupf;Fs; kiwe;J

mtidf; nghpa nfhz;L

(ghz;Lfghah)

mtidf; fz;L gpbf;f Kbahky; Nghdtu;fs; mtDila ez;gh;fsplk; te;jtu;fis murNd nghOJ Fjpj;J nghe;jpy; mq;fpUe;j mit mtd; j p i rj ; te;J kiwe;jpUf;Fk; jpUg;gp ,lj;ijg; xU ehs; g w ; w pf ; me;j Njba f i u a py ; V u p a py ; Jzpfis Fjpj;J ePupy; nfhd;w k ug ; Fjpj;J gpd; Nfl;lhYk; mtu;fs; xt;xU rkaKk; xt;xU gjp iy je;J mDg;gpdh;. kw;wtu;fSk; Neupy; me;j Foe;ij mtpo;j;J Mdhy; g h z ; L f g h a hi t Vupf; itj;Jtpl;L; jd;Dila jz;zPupy; te;jtu;fs; midtiuAk; nfhd;W

rpWtDk;

jq;fSila faw;whkNyNa

Jzpfis

tpl;ldh;. xspe;J kw;w

ghz;Lfghah nfhz;lhd;. rpWtu;fs; jhk;

Vupf;fiuapy;

N g hl g ; g l ; L

,Ue;j

Jzpfis

vz;zpdu;.

midj;Jk;

Nghl;ltu;fspd;

v z ; z p f ; i f A l d ; x j ; J , U e ; j j p d h y ; m t u ; f s ;j h k ; n f h y ; y te;j Foe;ijia nfhd;W tpl;ljhf epidj;Jj; CUf;Fj; jpUk;gp tpl;ldh;. rpWtd; ghz;Lfghah mtu;fs; nrd;w g p d ; j d ; i d t s h ; j t u ;f s p l k ; n r d ; W m t u ; f S i l a k b e ; J N g h d F o e ; i j fSf ; f h f M W j y ; $ w pdh d ; . f h y k ; X b a J . mtd; taJ gd;dpuz;lhapw;W.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-99rpWtd; vd;gij me;j g h z ; L f g ha h njhpe;J nfhy;y me;j jd; nrd;W Neuj;jpy; ,d;dKk; nfhz;l mtDila Ml;L tsh;g;G kuzk; milatpy;iy mtid n r d ; w dh ; . xU khid tUkhW khkd;fs; tPl;bw;F ,ilad; kfdhd tpwF

tsu;j;jtiuf; gpbj;jpUe;jhd;. cs;SUf;Fr; mDg;gp

ghz;Lfghahit thq;fp me;j ,iladpd;

mLg;ngwpf;f

,Ue;jhd;.

ghz;LfghahTk;

k f d p l k ; m t w ; i w v L j ; J f ; n f h z ; L t e ; J n f h L j ; J ‘v d ; fhy; Gz;zhfp tpl;lJ. MfNt eP ,ij tPl;bw;F vLj;Jr; nrd;W mtd; ,Ue;J j e ; i j a p lk ; rhg;gpl te;jtu;fs; nfhd;W tPl;bw;F je;J tpL. Mjd; cd; gpd; tpl;L grpf;F tWj;j fwpiaAk; KbAk;;’ vd;W $wp mDg;gpdhd;. muz;kizapy; tPl;by; ,Ue;j g h z ; L f g h a pd ;

nrd;whd;.

,ilaidAk;> Nghl;L

midtiuAk;

k h k d ; f S f ; F k ; n ra ; j p m D g ; g p d h ; . m e ; j r p W t d ; g h z ; L f g h a h T f ; F g j p dh W t a j h d n g h O J mtd; njhpe;J Ml;fis jhahh; jd;Dila mtd; ,d;dKk; nfhz;l Mapuk; kfid capNuhLjhd; khkd;fs; ehzaj;ij gj;jpukhf nra;jpia mDg;gp ,lj;jpy; gz;bjh; me;j ,Uf;fpd;whd; nfhy;y Nrtfdplk; ,lj;jpw;F nfhz;l vd;gijj; kPz;Lk; je;J m t D i la mioj;J mtDld; ntspNawr; j p w i k Al d ; vq;nfq;Nfh mtidf; xU NtW

mDg;gpaijj;

njhpe;J

nry;Yk;gb mDg;gpdhs;. mtDk; me;j rpWtid re;jpj;J jhahUila njhptpj;jg; gpd; mq;fpUe;J Ntjq;fis ,Ue;jhh;. xUtid nrhd;dhd;. Jizahf vd;w rpwe;j

ghz;Lyhtpy;

(Pandula)>

g h z ; L y h f k hf h

( Pandulagam aka) fw;wwpe;jpUe;j

R w ; w p t p l ; L m e ; j r pW t D k ;

g pu h k z u p l k ; n r d ; w h d ; .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-100mtidf; Nghfpd;wha;. nra;tha;. nfhs;’ jd;Dila vd;W fz;ltu; mjd; MfNt $wp kfdhd eP ‘e P gpd; ,e;j vOgJ ehl;bd; kd;ddhfg; Ml;rp fw;Wf; my;y fz;lh tUlq;fs; f i y fi s A k ; jhd; g p up i t kl;Lk; Nru;e;j

midj;J mtDf;F

rpg;gk; rkgPl

( C a n d a ) % y K k ; g y f i y f i s Ak ; f w ; W j ; j e ; j h h ; . me;j gz;bjh; gil mtDk; gz;bjh; NkYk; tPuu;fis mtDf;F jpul;bf; ngUk; nfhs;sr; n j h i fi a f ; nrhd;dhh;;.

nfhLj;J mjd;gb

(ghz;Lfghah)

IEhW

giltPuu;fisj;

jpul;bdhd;.

‘ ve;j ngz; ku ,iyiaj;; njhl kfd; fz;lhit me;j cd; gilj;

me;j ,iyfs; jq;fkhfp tpLNkh mtis kze;J gl;lj;J ,sturpahf;fp> jiytdhf;F’ vd vd;Dila vd Mrpu;tjpj;J nfhz;L giltpuu;fSld; jw;nghOija

g h z ; L f g h a hi t m D g ; g p d h h ; . j h N d m e ; j e h l ; b d ; m j p g j p giwrhw;wpf; fpsk;gpatd; m D u h j G u j ; j p y ; , U e ; J R k h h ; 1 7 f p N y h k P l h ; n j h i y t py ; cs;s fhrh (Kasa) kiyf;F mUfpy; ,Ue;j gdh (Pana) vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W gil tPuu;fis vOEhwhf (700) ngUf;fpdhd;. vd;w kiyg; mjd; gFjpia gpd; mile;j fpupfz;lh nghOJ (Girikanda) mtDila

gilgyk; Mapuj;jp ,UEhwhf (1200) cau;e;jpUe;jJ. ghz;Lfghahtpd; ( Girikandasiva) Cupy; mtu; Nghd;w tup xU xU khkdhd ghz;LthRNjth nfhz;L ,Ue;jhh;. md;W ,Ue;j rJu f p u p f z ; l r pt h nfhLj;jpUe;j xU ehs; cOJ mbfisg;

vd;gtu;

tR+ypj;Jf; tpj

jd;Dila

Ml;fSld; mstpy;

taiy

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-101nfhz;L mtUila te;J epWj;jp fz;l ,Ue;jhh;. kfs; ghyp me;j (Pali) vd;w moF nrhl;Lk; mtUila mq;F vdf; te;J jLj;J Nfl;f kd;dDf;Fk; mNj Neuj;jpy; ?’ ntwp

gupthuq;fSf;Fk; czT vLj;Jf; nfhz;L xU thfdj;jpy; nfhz;L ,Ue;j ‘e P cld; ,Ue;jhs;. vq;F kPJ cztpy; nfhz;L ,sturd; (ghz;Lfghah) Nghfpd;wha; fhjy; gq;F mtisj;

ahh;>

mtSk; jhd; te;j fhuzj;ij vLj;Jiuj;jhs;. mtisf; mts; me;j nfhz;ltd; vdf; jq;fSf;Fk; Nfl;lhd;. rw;Wk; ,wq;fp itj;J te;j mtd; mQ;rhj te;J xU ,iyapy; me;j My czT kq;ifAk; ku thfdj;jpy; vd;d ,Ue;J mjprak;> te;jJ. Ntz;Lk;

epoypy;

midtiuAk;mku

g w p k h w p dh s ; . $wpaJ

mts; ifgl;lTld; ,iyfs; midj;Jk; jq;fkhf khwpd. ,sturDf;F epidj;jhd; gz;bjh; ‘ epidTf;F vdf;F k hi y a p l j ; j F j p a hd

k q ; i f i a e h d ; g h h ; j ; J t p l ; N l d ; ’. N k Y k ; m t s ; m i d j ; J t Pu u ; f S f ; F k ; c z T n f h L j ; J k ; n f h z ; L t e ; j p U e ; j c z T Fiwatpy;iy. Fiwe;jpUe;jJ. xUtu; kl;LNk rhg;gpl;l mts; msTf;F czT mjpypUe;J ngah; n r s u ; z g hy p

(Suvannapali) vd khwpaJ. mt;tsTjhd;> guhf;fpu thfdj;jpy; mijf; tpuu;fis rw;Wk; itj;Jf; me;j mDg;gp g ak p d ; w p > nfhz;L kq;ifapd; kPl;f jd;id Rw;wpYk; ,Ue;j

NridaUld; Nfl;l

mtisj;

Jhf;fp

jd;Dila gwe;jhd;. gil g i l a p dU k ;

te;jtd; je;ij Kay ,U

jd;Dila

mtis

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-102fhy`ehfuh Aj;jk; (Kalahanagara) Juj;jp vd;w te;j gil fpuhkj;Jf;fUfpy; tPuu;fs; Njhw;W nra;jdh;.

Xbdh;. mijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l Ie;J rNfhjuu;fSk; ,d;Dk; xU ngUk; gilia mDg;gp mtis kPl;L tu mDg;gpdh;. Nyh`pjth`fz;lh ele;j Aj;jj;jpy; ( L o h i t a v a h a k h a n d a) gz;bjhpd; k fdh d vd;w fz;lh , l j ; j py ; te;j

midtiuAk; nfhd;W Ftpj;jhd;.

mq;fpUe;J topNa

fpsk;gpa nrd;W

ghz;Lfghah k`hNtypfq;fh ,Ue;j me;j nfhz;L kl;Lk;

fq;if vDk;

ejpf;fiu ejpapd; vd;w ehd;F mtd; Ie;J ,Uf;fr; gilAld; G h p e ; j dh ; . Juj;jp ntd;W j d ; D ld ;

( Mahawaeliganga) kiyf;fUfpy; tUlq;fs; khkd;fSk;> nrhy;yptpl;L jq;fSila mtu;fis mbjjtu ;> ,uz;L mq;fpUg;gijf; Ml;rp

mUfpy; nrd;whu;. nra;J

Nlhyh ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;j

( Dola) mtu; nghOJ

Nfs;tpg;gl;l kd;did

mtDila ehl;by; ngUk;

(mtu;fSila xU rNfhjuu ;) kUkfDld; ngUk; gFjpf;F nrd;wJk;

Jkhuf ;fh ( Dhümarakkha) v d ;w kiyg ; gFjpia mile;J Aj;jk; XLk;gbj; mtu;fis gFjpia jd; gf;fj;Jg;

mtu;fs; mq;F tUlq;fs;

mtu;fSila

,izj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;. cghbrfhkh khkd;fs; mDg;g gpbj;J (Upatissagama) Xb cldbahf gFjpfis vd;w ,lj;jpw;F kd;dDf;F mtUila nra;jpia xU ‘e P nfhs;>

jg;gp mtu;

jq;fSila

Mapuk; ePNa

gzj;ij mDg;gp vLj;Jf;

JhJtdplk;

nfhLj;J

g h z ; L f g h a ht p l k ;

itj;Js;s

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-103Mdhy; nra;jpia vdpy; ejpapd; ,e;jg; me;j gf;fk; tuf;$lhJ’ Nfl;l vd;w xd;gJ m D g ; g pdh u ; . nra;jpiaf;

r N f h j u u ; f S k ; n f h j p j ; J v O e ; J ‘e P c a p u ; t h o N t z ; L k ; cldbahf tpLq;fs;> fpilf;Fk;’ kd;dDk; Nfl;l cd;Dila ,y;iy vd;w Ml;rpia vd;why; nra;jpia mtUf;Ff; kuzk;jhd; mDg;gpdh;. nfhLj;j mijf;

cq;fSf;Ff;

mtuplk; gil

(ghz;Lfghahtplk;)

jd;Dila Ml;rpia nfhLj;J tpl;lNjhL jd;Dila xU rNfhjuuhd nfhs;s nfhz;lhh;. ,e;j ,UgJ rpbah mofpa jw;fhg;G xg;ge;jj;jpdhy; Mz;Lfs;
(Cetiya) vd;w

jp];]h

vd;gtiu vd;w xU

jsgjpahf;fpf; nra;J

Ntz;Lk;

xg;ge;jj;ijAk;;

mga;ah

cghbrrhfkhit Jkhuf;fh Nghy

Mz;lhh;. al;rpzp

,jw;fpilNa xU ngz; xU

( Dhumarakkha) kiyg; gFjpapy; elkhbf ; nfhz ;L ,Ue;j Fjpiug; jd;id cU khw;wpf; nfhz;L mq;F cytp te;jJ. me;j ngz; Fjpiuiaf; fz;l tPud; kd;ddplk; nrd;W mjd; moif tptupj;jhd;. clNd me;j jd;id me;j kd;dDk; gpbf;f xU Xb fapw;iw te;jhu;. mq;fpUe;J vLj;Jf; nfhz ;L tUk; J tq ;f

Fjpiuia kiwj;Jf;

mtu; Xlj;

Njhuiziaf; fz;L gae;J Nghd al;rpzp jd;id kwe;J nfhs;shky; mtisj; Juj;jpr; nrd;whd; kd;dd;. KOfpdhs;> te;jhs; ntspapy; gyKiw te;jhs;> mg;gb m q ; f p U e ; j V u pi a n t s p a py ; Jkuf;fh

V O K i w R w ;w p X b d h s ;> k ` h f q ;f h (M a h a g a ng a) ejpapy ; KOfpdhs;> nra;j gpd; vdg;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-104( D hum a r a kk h a) fr;rhfhNghh;l; kiyg; gFjpia VO vd;w Kiw Rw;wp Xba Xbf; gpddu; kPz;Lk;; Kk;Kiw me;j Fsj;jpid Rw;wp Xbtpl;L ( Kacchaka-ford) ,lj;jpdUfpy; n f h z ; L , U e ; j f q ; i f a py ; F j p j ; j h s ; . m t s ; v q ; F X b r ; nrd;whYk; tplhJ mtis Juj;jp> Juj;jp mts; gpd; Xb te;j xd;iw khwpaJ. tpl;L tpL. mtSila ,Oj;Jr; kd;dDk; mtd; jd; me;j ejpapy; Fjpj;J mtSila mJ vd thshf me;j fOj;ijg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L ‘c d ; i d f ; cdf;F %f;F nry;y> ejpapy; kpje;J te;j ,iy g w ; w pa T l d ; Nghfpd;Nwd;’

iffshy; nfhy;yg; ,e;j Edpapy; mtu;

thSl d ; mts ; kPJ gha ;e ;jtuplk;’ vd;i df; nfhy ;yhNj> ,uh[paj;ij thspd; mioj;Jg; ehd; gpbj;Jj; itj;J midj;J jUfpd;Nwd;’ vdf; fjwpf; $wpa mtis fapw;why; fl;b> Kidia nrd;w

, l j ; j p w ; F k ; k W g ; G f h l ; l h k y ; n r d ; w hs ; . m e ; j a l ; r p z p F j pi u A l d ; J K u f ; f h ( D h u m a r a k k h a ) k i y g ; ghFjpf;F ,Ue;jg; VO nrd;W gpd;> me;j ,Ue;jtu ; ,lj;jpy; vd;w ehd;F gFjpia Jtf;f tUlq;fs; mile;J jFe;j mupj;jh ( Arittha)

tUlq;fs;

Aj;jj;ijj;

jUkzj;ij vjpu; ghh;j;J epd;whd;. mtUila khkd;fSk; gilAld; irdpaj;ij ,l;ldh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

khkd;fspy; xU gilj;

mgah

kw;Wk; ,Utiuj;

fp u p f z ; l r p t h jtpw vl;L ngUk;

(Abhaya and Girikandasiva) vd;w mhpj;jh kiyg;

jiytdpd; gFjpf;F gf;fj;jpy;

j i y i k a py ; te;J ,Ue;Jk;

m t Ui la Kw;Wif

midj;Jg;

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-105me;j gupRg; al;rpzpd; MNyhridg;gb mur Nghfj; ,sturd; jhd; g h z ; L f g ha h gy mtu;fSld; nrhy;yp mtd; K J fp y ; mtiu epw;f> rw;Wk; me;j ,Ue;j gha;e;J v j pu pf s ; kbe;J ,Ue;J g i lj ; gJq;fpf; ele;J vYk;Gf; jd;Dila me;j JhJtu;fsplk; rkhjhdkhfg; mDg;gpdhu;. vdf; Vwp $wp Aj;j tpl cilfisAk;> n f h L j ; j D g ; g p> jahh; vd;w M A j j ; i j Ak ; nra;jp ia fUjp> Fjpiu nrd;w nfhz;L fidf;f ,Ue;jgb jq;fp kPJ

nghUl;fSld;

mtu;fNsh mtUk;

ghJfhg;igf; me;j al;rpzpf; mq;F Nghl;L $wp gilfs; vjpu; ghh;j;Jf;

jq;fsplk; te;J ruz; mile;jhy; kl;LNk Aj;jk; epw;Fk; K i d f; F r ; vjpupg; mts; ngUk; nrd;whu;. fj;jy;

vf;fhskhf Fjpiu vjpupfs; jhf;fpdu;. fLikahf khkd;fSld; t Po ; e ; j d h ; . tpOe;j jsgjp jhkjpf;fhky; Nridapdu;

gilapdu;

jpBnud

KjypNyNa nrd;W rw;Wk; vjpupg;

Kfhkpw;F mij te;j

k h W N tl j ; j p y ;

mjpubahf

ghuhj

ele;j jhf;Fjypy; epiy Fiye;J Nghf vl;L midj;Jg; ,lj;jpy; Ftpay; Xb M fN t vd;w xU kiy me;j ngau; ,Ue;j gilapdUk; rlyq;fspy; Ftpe;jJ. gFjpapy; Aj;jk; me;j kd;dd; Nghy ,lk; ngw;wJ. ,lj;jpy; Nghyf; fz;l me;j fple;j

vYk;Gf; jg;gp

mlh;e;j

nfhz;lhd;. vYk;Gf; FypaYf;F khkd;fspd;

NrdhjpFk;gfh

(Senapatigumbaka;)

Ftpayhf Nky; vYk;Gf;

fhyyhsp

fple;j

$l;ilf;

,lj;jpw;F YGfkhfh (Labugamaka) vd;w ngau; R+l;bdhu;. ,g;gbahf ngupa te;jtuplk; ngUk; ntw;wp ngw;w ehl;il ghz;Lfghah fpsk;gpr; nf h L j ; J jd;Dila nrd;whh;. mtu;

khkd;

,Ue;j

mDuhjhTf;F

jd;Dila

tpl;L

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-106jdf;F NtW xU ,lj;jpy; trpf;f ngaupy; efuj;ij ,lkhd Vw;ghL mtu; cUthf;fp nra;J ,Ue;j mij k hk d ; nfhz;lhYk;> N[hrpaUila fpuhkj;jpw;F jiy kUkfd;me;j ngau; ,tUlNdjhd; MNyhridapd; mUfpNyNa xU ,UtUk; ,Ue;j trpf;f Neupl;lJ.

efukhf;fpdhh;. ,ize;J

mDuhjuhd mJNt

mDuhjGuk; me;jg;

( Anuradhapura) vd;w ngau ; nfhz ;lJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;y efiu mDuhjh c U t h f ; f p a j hY k ; ; mjw;F Vw;gl;lJ. fPo; mjd;gpd; te;J gLj;jp ghz;Lfghah me;j Chpy; me;j mJ j d ; D i la ,Ue;j Gdpj

khkd;fspd; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j ,lq;fs; midj;ijAk; xNu Filapd; Vupj; nfhz;L Rj;jg; nfhz;L jz;zPiu nrsu;zghypia kl;Lk; gl;lj;J my;y

,uhzpahf;fpf; kd;ddhf fz;lhit

jd;id nfhz;lhh;.

,uh[paj;jpd; kw;wtu;fis

KbR+l;bf; jdJ

M];jhd

FUthfTk;>

m t u t u ; j Fj p f ; N f w ; g g y ; N tW g j t p f spy ; m k h ; j ; j p d h h ; . m t D i l a j h a h Ul d ; m t i d , i z a t o p t F j ; j k h k d ; mga;ahit fhty; Nghy nfhy;yhky;> mtuplk; vd;w me;j mJNt ngah; efhpd; ngw;wJ. ,uTg; mJ gzpia mtUila xg;gilf;f
jiytu;)

ehfuFl;bfh nfhiy epwg;g me;j ngah;

( Na ga r ag u t t i ka -e f u j ; ;

khkdhuhd Vupia ngw;w gLj;jpf;

fpupfz;lrpthitAk; Rj;jg;gLj;jp> nghOnjy;yhk; nfhz;ljpdhy; ePu;

nra;ahky; mtuplk; fpupfz;lh efug; nghWg;igj; je;jhh;. mDuhjGuj;jpypUe;j itj;J Gdpj mtu; ePiu ntw;wp gad; me;j mjd;

n[athgp (Jayavapi) vd Mapw;W. Mdhy; mJ jw;nghOJ vq;F cs;sJ vdj; njhpatpy;iy.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-107jhd; Foe;ijahf ,Ue;j nghOJ
( Cittaraja)

jd;idf; mgah itj;jhh;. efupd; jdJ

ghJfhj;J Vupapd; mJNghy vy;iyg; itj;Jf; kw;w te;jhYk;>

te;j al;rpzp fhyNtyhit (Kalavela) fpof;Fg; gFjpapYk; al;rpzp
(Abhayatank)

rpl;luh[hit fPo; cjtpa jq;f kw;nwhU itj;jhh;. Fjpiug; tUlKk; gyp

gFjpapYk;

jq;f

jdf;F gFjpapy; me;j

ahf;fpdpia NkYk; Nghd;w me;j

m u z ; k i z a py ;

ahf;fpdpia xt;xU

cUtpYk;

nfhz;lhh;.

al;rpdpfSf;Fk; kfpo ;tpj;J

al;rpdpfSf;Fk;

nfhLj;J

g z ; b i f j p d j ; j p y; r p l ; l u h [ h i t j d f ; F g ; g p d ; d h y ; m N j msT cauj;jpy; cl;fhu itj;J NjtijfSk;> kf;fSk; eldkhb Nfspf;iffs; nra;jij kdepiwNthL ghh;j;J kfpo;e;jhh;.

mg a ; a h V u p a p d ; e h d ; F f i u f s p Y k ; e h d ; F G w e f u ; f i s cUthf;fpdhh;> RLfhL> kuz midtUk; gad;gLj;Jk; tiff;fhd ,lk;> jz;lidfis epiwNtw;Wk;

N k w ; f j ; i j a F U k h u p z p f s ; > N t r t d h t p y ; M y k u k ; > k hy j ; j PT f ; f s p y ; g h y ; i k a h k u q ; f s ; v d g y t w ; i w m i k j ; j hh ; . mijj; jtpw fpof;Fg; gFjpapy; gyp gPlk;> ahf r h i y f s ; N g h d ; w t w ; i w Ak ; m i k j ; j h h ; . efuj;ij Rj;jg;gLj;j Jhf;fpr; IEhW nry;y rz;lhshf;fs;; Ehw;wp Ik;kJ gzpfis
(candalas)>

fopg;gplj;ij Rj;jg;gLj;j ,UEHW rz;lhshf;fs;> ,we;J Nghdtu;fis kw;Wk; vd rz;lhf;fs; j tw h k y ; tl RLfhl;Lg; gzpf;nfd Ehw;wp Ik;gJ rz;lhf;fs; epakpj;jhh;. mtu;fSila mtu;fs; trpg;gjw;Fk; RLfhl;bd;

nra;tjw;Fk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-108tl jdp Nkw;Fg; RLfhL gFjpapy; mikj;jhh;. ,ilapy; Vuptiu fpof;Fg; fpuhkj;ij me;j ghrdh cUthf;fpdhh;. rz;lhf;fSf;Fk; kiyf;Fk; jq;f nfhs;s N[hjpfh epfd;jh ,lk; gy v d; w fpup rhh;e;j ,lKk;> I E hW

RLfhl;bd;

tlfpof;Fg;

gFjpapy;

( Pasana)

RLfhl;bw;Fk; mikj;jhh;. (Gamani-tank) Fby;fisAk;> ngaupy; ,lk; (nigantha ( Kum bhanda) khw;W klk;>

Ntl;ilf;fhuu;fs; Jwtpfs; gFjpapy; jq;fpf; epfq;f

m q ; f p U e ; J f p o f ; F g ; g F j p a p y ; , U e ; j f k hdp

epu;thz mikj;jhh;.
g i r i)

rhkpahh;fs; me;j vd;gtu;

jq;Fk;

( nigantha* Jotiya)

,lj;jpy;jhd; gy epfd;jh

gpupTfisr; njhOif fpof;Fg;Gwk; gf;fj;jpy;

JwtpfSld;

trpj;J mtu;

te;jhh;. epidthf

Fk;ge;jhtpw;F

Ntl;ilf;fhuu;fs; mikj;jhh;. NkYk;

jq;fpa fkhdp

,lj;jpd; Vhpapd;

k j f ; f U j ; J f ; f s ; n f h z ; l tu ; f s ; t r p f ; F k ; , l K k ; M z ; b fs ; gpuhkzh;fs; jq;f ,lq;fs;> m[pthf;fh;fs;

( ä j ï v ak a s) j q ;F k ; , l k ;> NehAw ;w t u ;f s ; j q ;F k ; , l k ; v d gytw;iwAk; mikj;jhh;. mtu; jLg;Gr; rpl;lhu[hTk; gy Ml;rpapy; Vwpa gj;J ey;y Mz;Lfspy; e z ; g u; f s ; fpuhkq;fspy; fhyNjthTk;> Mapdu;. NkYk; kw;Wk; gjpNdO

Rtu;fs; mtUf;F

vOg;gg;gl;ld. Mapd.

G+jq;fSk; ,d;wp Ml;rpg;

ez;gu;fs; yq;fh

ghz;Lfghah ghz;Lfghah

mga;ahf;fSf;F ,ilNa Rkhh; gjpNdO tUlq;fs; ve;j kd;dUk; tajpy; ,Ue;jJ. nghWg;Ngw;w gpd;> mDuhjGuhitAk;

vOgJ Mz;Lfs; Mz;lhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-109Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh Nguhde;jk; nghq;fpl tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

g j ; j hk ; g h f k h d ‘g h z ; L f g h a h t p d ; K b R + l ; L

tpoh’ ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-11011:
mikjp kfdhd jd;Dila gy njd; tpjkhd

Njtdhk; g pajp]; ] h KbR+ly;
epytpa %jrpth gpd; Ml;rp go ehl;by; Ml;rpg; Rtdghypapd; mtUila Kd; G+f;fs ; Njhl;lj;ij mJ kl;Lk; kio ePu;j; nghWg;ig ( Suvannapälï) j e ; i j a pd ; kd;dd; Njf;fq ;fs ;> ,aw ;if vd;w m e ;j me ;j (m utasiva)> fhyj;jpy; kuq;fs;;> khngUk;

kuzj;jpw;Fg;

Vw;whh;.

FSikahd> gr;irg; gNry; vd;w nrb nfhbfs; mlu;e;j> Nghd;w moFfs; ngaupy; nfhz;l mDuhjGuj;jpd; my;y nga;J

gFjpapy;

k`hNk`tdh jtwhky;

(Ma h am eg h a va n a)

m i k j ; j pU e ; j h h ; . gUtk;

Njhl;lj;jpy;

g p u N j r j ; i j N a F S i k a h f i tj ; j p U e ; j J . %jrpth nra;jhh;. kw;Wk; moF kpf;f mWgJ rhkdtd;dh ,U Mz;Lfs; gj;J (anukulati, kfs;fSk; vd;gtNu midj;J mDuhjGuj;jpy; kfd;fSk;> ,Ue;jdh;. mtu;fspy;
samanavanna)

Ml;rp rk

mtUf;F

mDFyhj;jp vd;w m t U i la kpf

kfd;fspy; ( Devana mpiyatissa ) Gj;jprhypahfTk;> ,Ue;jhh;. je;ijapd;

,uz;lhktuhd

Njtdhk;gpajp];]h n g w ; w tu h f

e w ;F z q ;f S k ;

kuzj;jpw;Fg;

gpwF

Njtdhk;gpajp];]h Mguzq;fSk; G+kpf;F %o;fp fg;gypy; ,Ue;j

gjtp

Vw;w nghOJ gy mjpraq;fs; epfo;e;jd. G+kpf;F mbapy; Gijgl;bUe;j midj;J te;jd. eiffSk;> yq;fhtpd; kpje;J tpiy ,Ue;Jk;> ,lq;fspYk; flypy; Njhd;wp jhkhfNt flypy; NkNy

Gije;jpUe;j

,aw;ifahfNt

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-111kjpg;gw;w etuj;jpdf; fw;fSk;> Mguzq;fSk; flYf;F NkNy kpje;jd. r h l ; l h ( C h a t a ) k i y f ;f b a p y ; n j a ; t , u j q ; f i s , O f ; f g ; gad;gLk; nfhz;L gUkdhd nts;spiag; rzy; fapw;iwg; Nghy Rw;wpf; $ba Nghy kpd;dpa tpOJfSld;

%q;fpy; kuq;fs; tsu;e;jpUf;f mij Rw;wp jq;fk; Nghy; kpd;Dk; ,d;Dk; gy nrb nfhbfSk;> gy;NtW tz;zkpF G+f;fs; gwpf;Fk; FYq;fpa nrb nfhbfSk; gwitfs; Njhd;wpd. $b f z ; f i sg ; tz;zq;fspy; mku;e;jpUe;j

kuq;fs; mq;F ,Ue;jd. vl;L tpj Kj;Jf;fs; flYf;Fs; ,Ue;J ntsp te ;J kpje;jd. ituk;> fpilj;jd. gtsk; vd ,it mijj; jtpw khzpf;fk;> etuj;jpdf; fw;fs; fhuzk; midj;jpw;Fk; g y ; N tW

N j t d g ; g p a j p ] ; ] h t p d ; k f pi k j h d ; . mtw;iwf; ‘tpiy fz;L kfpo;e;J ,tw;iwg; (D h a m m a so k a) Nghd mila kd;dd; e p i d j ; j h u; ez;gd; ,g;gbahf mJtiu vd;whYk;>

kjpg;gw;w

vd;Dila

jk;kNfhrhjhd; tpl;lhh;. xUtiu ,UtUk; ,Ue;jdh;. jd;Dila ( M a h a r i t t h a) > nghUshsu; mtu;fspy;

j F j p a h d t h ;’

e p i d j ; j t u ; m i t m i d j ; i j A k ; j k ; k Nf h r h T f ; N f m D g ; g p jk;kNfhrhTk;> xUtu; kd;du;fs; Njtdhk;gpajp];]hTk; nfhz;lNj K i w a py ; ,y;iy ey;y re;jpj;Jf; vd;w

ez;gh;fshf

JhJtu;fshf jiyik vd xUtuhd ehd;F

kUkfd; Ngiu mtu; vd;gtu;

k`hupl;lh kw;Wk; mDg;gpdhh;. m t U i la

mikr;ru;> k`hupl;lh

Nrdhjpgjp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-112mtUila mj;jid gf;fk; mDg;gp gFjpapy; ( Tam a l i t t i) ,d;Dk; jk;Kila gupRg; ‘tpiy vd;gjhy; te;j k U k fd ; . mt u ; f s p l k ; vl;L tpj Nghd;w Kjypy; tpiy kjpg;gw ;w tyJ je;J nghUl;fisAk;> RopapUe;j ,Ue;jhh;. ,Ue;j vd;w VO rq;F mtu;fs; [k;GNfhyh Kj;Jf;fs;;> rpNyhdpd; vd;w >

nghUl;fisj;

tlf;Fg; ,lj;ij

(Jambukola) mile;J nra;J

mile;J mq;fpUe;J VO ehl;fs; gazk; nra;J jhkypl;b JiwKfj;ij ehl;fs; mq;F gazk; mq;fpUe;J ghlypGuj;ij jk;kNfhrhtplk; ,Ue;j ek;kplk; te;j me;j me;j midj;J , y ; i y’ ehd;F te;j fhyj;jpy;

nrd;wile;jdh;. kd;dd;

nrd;wtu;fs; mDg;gp vJTNk kd;dd; je;jdu;.

nfhLj;J ,it

nghUl;fisAk; kjpg;gw;w kdk; Ie;jhk; kfpo;e;j

mt u ; f i s f ; f z ; l J k ;

JhJtUf;Fk;

Ehw;whz;Lfspy; nfsutpf;ff;

tpUe;jpdh;fis

nfhLf;fg;gl;L

m u r g l ; l g ; n g a h ; f i s n f hL j ; J n f s u t p j ; j h h ; . te;j JhJtu;fSf;F gpd; kpfTk; thy; gy xU gupRg; nghUl;fis n g h U l ;f s h d nra;j nfhLj;J fpuPlk;> if

nfsutpj;j Njitahd ftup vUjpd;

kd;ddpd; ,Ue;J

gl;hgpN\fj;jpw;F ngupa

mj;ahtrpakhd kapupy; re;jdk;> kpf tpiy mG+u;y

tprpwp> jiyg;ghif> NjhLfs;> khiy> khiyfs;> ,uz;L ehfh;fs; rq;fpy; kQ;rs; jahupj;j Cw;wg;gl;l Jitf;fj; Milfs;>

epow; Fil> ths;> Njit ,y;yhj i f f ; F l ; i l fs ; > t p N \r k h d kw;Wk;

cau;e;j

K y pi f j ; i j y k ; > (Anotatta)

mNdhl;ll;lh

fq;ifapy; ,Ue;J

nfhz;L te;j jz;zPu;> Flk;> rptg;G

k z ; > j q ; f j h k ; g h s q ; ;f s ; > t p i y c a u ; e ; j g y ; y f ; F > N j t
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-113%ypiffs;> mtu;fSld; ehd; r Pl u h f ,sk; kq;if> gl;lhgpN\fj;jpw;nfd j d ; D i la kl;Lk; te;j rgjk; my;y mWgJ Kiw EhW tz;b muprp Nghd;wtw;iw jd;Dila guprhf nrd;w mJ JhJtu;fsplk; te;jtu;fsplk; ‘ Mdtd;. ‘m w p T Vw;W mDg;gp rpwg;ghf md;Gld; nfhLj;jDg;gpdhh;. Gj;jUila ,Ug;Ngd; cq;fs; ,j;jid ez;gupd; Nfl;Lf; rhf;fhtpd; [ Pt p f N s > cq;fsplk; cs;s jd; vd; jug;gpy;

jj;Jtj;jpy; vd

milf;fyk; nfhz;ltd;

tk;rj;jpy;

GdpjUila nra;J

c z ; i k a hd

MNyhridia

,jaG+u;tkhf nfhLj;J kpfr;

, u j ; j p d q ; f i sf ; gl;lhgpN\fj;ij nfhz;L

e Pq ; f s ; e l j ; j p i t j ; J m t i u n f s u t p f ; f N t z ; L k ; ’ v d ; W mtu;fis cgrupj;J top mDg;gpdhh;. te;j ,lj;jpy; Ie;J tprhf tha; khjq;fs; khjj;jpd; g F j p a py ; jq;fp ,Ue;jg; ngw;W (Vesakha) ,Ue;j gpd; Kjy; ehl;fspy; jhkypl;b mq;fpUe;J

k d ; d dp d ; JhJtu;fs; fq;if ( Tam a l i t t i)

mstw;w

cgrhuq;fis

k f po ; e ; j

n g s u ; z k p a py ; m q ; f p U e ; J f ; f p s k ; g p g d ; d p u z ; L ejpapd; vd;w ,lj;ij mile;J>

[k;GNfhyhTf;Fr; nrd;W> gjpide;jhk; ehs; jk; kd;did r e ; j p j ; J j k ; k N f h r h n f h L j ; j D g ; g p a g h p R g ; n g h U l ; f i sf ; nfhLj;jdh;. mjd; gpd; khfrPuh (Ma gg a s i r a) khjj;jpy; yq;fhtpd;

k d ; d dD f ; F tFj;jdh;.

j k ; k N r h f h m w p T W j ; j pa g b N a k p f r p w g ; g h f

gl;lhgpN\fk; nra;J yq;fhtpd; tUq;fhy ed;ikf;F top

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-114flTspd; gz;bifg; ez;gdhf tprhf Nghy fUjg;gl;l khjj;jpy; me;j kd;ddpd; xU tpjj;jpy; gl;lhgpN\fk; mike;J ,Ue;jJ. ngsu;zkpapy;

midtUk;

nfhz;lhLk;

Gdpjupd; gf;ju;fspd; tFj;j

gf;jp kdjpy; fUzh

khh;fj;jpy; Nguhde;jk; KbR+l;L %u;j;jpapd;

,ize;j nghq;fpl

Gj;j top

g j p ndh d ; w h k ; ; tpoh’

g h f k hd , g ; g ba h f

‘Njtdhkgpajp];]htpd; epiwTw;wJ.

Xtpau; ghh;itapy; =yq;fhtpd; gz;ila fhy kd;du ;fspd; Njhw;wk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-11512: mz; i l ehl; b y; kjkhw; w q; f s;
%d;whtJ Njuh MNyhrid rig kfhehL Kbe;jJk;> vd;gtu; Gj;j Gj;jupd; ,dp

jj;Jtq;fis gug;gj; Jtq;fpa Gj;j rka xsp tpsf;fhd nkhfhypGl;lh gf;fj;J ( Moggaliputta) ehLfspYk; mq;Fk; tUq;fhyj;jpy; khjj;jpy; rkaj;ijg; vd gy

gug;g Ntz;Lk; vd KbT nra;j gpd; fhh;j;jpfh (Kattika) ehd;F Njuhf;fis ,q;Fk; ,lj;jpw;Fk; mDg;gpdhh;. ( M a j j h a n t i k a) ,d;iwa ,uhty;gpz;b fe;jthTf;F fh\;kPuh tlf;F
,d;W >

vd;W

md;W

miof;fg;gl;l ng\htu; ,Ue;j kw;Wk; Njuh md;iwa ( Mahadeva) >

fh\;kPu;>
(

gQ;rhg;gpy; ,ilapy;
fe;jhh;

efuq;fSf;F

vdg;gLtJ)

kh[;`d;jpfhitAk; k`prkz;lyhtpw;Fk;
( Vanaväsa)

k`hNjth ( Ra kk h i t a)

vd;gtiu vd;w

(Mahisamandala)>

tdthrhtpw;F NjuhitAk;; jk;kuhf;fpj;jh k`huj;jhtpw;Fk; vd;gtiu ,kakiy
(Majjhima)>

uf;fp`pjh

mguhd;jfhtpw;F
( Dhammarakkhita)

(Aparantaka)

Nahdh

vd;gtiuAk;> vd;gtiu Njrj;jpw;Fk; Nj u h k`huf;fpj;jh

k`hjk;kuhf;fpj;jh

( M a h a d h a m m a r a k k h i t a) ( Ma h a r a t t ha) ;>

( Maha r a kk h i t a)

Nahdhf;fs; mbthuj;;J
and Uttara)

,Ue;j

mDg;gpdhh;.

ehLfSf;F vd;w ,U

k[;[pkhitAk;

Rtd;dG+kpf;F (Suvannabhümi) Nrhdh kw;Wk; cj;juh (Sona Njuhf;fisAk; kw;Wk; mDg;gpa gpd; Njuhf ;fshd k ` p d ;j h ( M a h i n d a) > ,jpah ( Itthiya )> cjpah
(Uttiya)>

rk;gyh

(Sam bala)

gj;jrhyh

( Bhaddasala)

vd;gtu;fis

‘ ePq;fs;

yq;fh

KOtJk;

tp[ak;

nra;J

ek;Kila Gdpjupd; rkaj;ij NkYk; gug;g Ntz;Lk;’ vd
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-116ek;Kila Gdpjupd; rkaj;ij NkYk; gug;g Ntz;Lk; ’ vd fl;lis ,l;lhh;. me;j ,Ue;j vd;gtu; nra;J> Neuj;jpy; fe;juh fh\;kPupYk;>
(Gandhära)

tlf;F vd;w

gQ;rhg;gpy; gFjpapYk; muthyh kio epyq;fspy;

cs;s ,Ue;j

ng\htu; kw;Wk; ,uhty;gpz;b ehfhf;fspd;
(ghk;Gf;fspd;)

e f u q ; f S f ; F , i l a pY k ; ( Araväla) nga;ar; ,Ue;j Njuh

kd;ddhd tpis

jd;Dila nts;sj;ij ehrk; gwe;J kPJ

rf;jpapdhy; Vw;gLj;jp nra ;a

ngUk;

jhdpaq;fis k[;`hd;jpfh Mfhaj;jpy; ,Ue;j ejp kd;dDila

itj;jpUe;jhh;. jd;Dila Vupapd;

( M a j j h a n t i k a)

r f ; j p a p d hy ; gf;fj;jpy; fz;l me;j mijf;

nrd;W> ele;Nj

mutyh nrd;W

nrd;whh;.

Nrtfu;fs;

clNd

kd;ddplk;

tpag;ghd nra;jpiaf; $w mtd; fLk; NfhgKw;whd;. Nfhgkile;j tpOjy;> kd;dd; ,d;dKk; ngUk; kio> gaq;fukhf NtNuhL rha;jy; Nghd;w ,aw;if

,bAld; $ba kpd;dy;> R+whtsp> kiyg; gFjpfs; ,be;J kuq;fs; r Pw ; w q ; f i s n r a w ; i f a h f V w ; g L j ; j p k f ; f s p i l N a g P j p i a Vw;gLj;j Kad;whd;. Mdhy; NjuhNth jd;Dila Vw;gLj;jpa mjd; gpd; flTl;fisAk; X ehf rf;jpia mtdplk; mioj;Jf; kd;dNd> gad;gLj;jp ‘, e ; j nfhz;L; ,e;j mtd; jLj;J cyfNk te;J

nraw;ifahf epWj;jpdhh;. midj;Jf; nra;a

midj;ijAk;

gaKWj;jpdhYk; ,e;j ,lj;jpy; vd;id xd;Wk; cd;dhy; KbahJ. kiyiaNa

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-117ngah;j;J> fliyNa thup vLj;J te;J> Vd; khwhf vd G+kpiaNa e P N aj h d ; mtdplk; ntl;b vLj;J te;J vd; kPJ eP Nghl;lhYk; mit vdf;F ve;jtpjkhd mtw;wpdhy; $wpdhh;. mijf; Nfl ;L gae;J Ngha ; ruzile;jtdplk ; mtu ; Gj ;j jj;Jtq;fis kw;Wk; vLj;Jiuj;jhh;. njw;F mJ Nghy ,d;dKk; m j p g j pa h d te;j kw;Wk; te;j vd;w vz;gj;jp ehd;fhapuk; ghk;GfSf;Fk; (84>000) > al;rpzpfs; tlf;F> cyfq;fSf;F Nrtfk; ,lj;ij jj;juj;jhtplk; ( Dhatarattha ) Njtijfshd tpUy;`fh kfpikfs; gpuptpdUf;Fk; al;rpzpfshd fd;jg;ghf;fs;
(Virulhaka)

gaj;ijAk; ngUk;

Vw;gLj;jhJ.

,og;ig

m i l th a ; ’

nra;J Mz;L

(gandhabbas);>

vd;w

gytw;iwg;

ngw;wpUe;j

Fk;ghe;jh

(kumbhandakas)

Nghjidfis mjDila

nra;jhh;. kidtp

M d h Y k ; m t U i la N g h j i d f s p d ; g a i d K j d ; K j y h f gz;lfhTk;
(Pandaka)

`upjhTk; ( Harita) kl;LNk mile;jdh;. ‘ g i o a tw ; i w gapu;fis vz;zpg; ghh;j;J ,dp Nfhgg;glf; G+kpapy; $lhJ> gpwe;J

ehrkhf;f

epidf;ff;

$lhJ>

c s ; s t u ; f s ; k d k f p o ; r ; r p N a h L t h o N t g p w e ; j p U g ; g j p dh y ; m t u ; f s ; k P J m d ; G n r Y j ; j p m t u ; f s ; k f po ; r ; r p A l d ; t h o cjt Ntz;Lk;’ vd;w Nghjidfis nra;jhh;. mtu;fSk; me;j Nghjid xU topg;gb nghpa elg;gjhf ,uj;jpd rgjk; Vw;wdh;. te;j mkur; Njuhit tprpwpf; rpk;khrdj;jpy; Nky; Nghy

nrhy;ypa gpd; mtu; jiyf;F nfhz;L ,Ug;gJ

jhd; glk; vLj;J ehfh;fspd; kd;dd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-118fh\;kPuh tzq;fp Gupe;J nrd;W kw;Wk; fe;jhtpy; ,Ue;J te;J ehfh kd;did fz;lJk; mUfpy; Ngrp Ngh; epd;wtu;fs;> nfhz;L mku;e;J vd;w mtiu Njuhtpd; tzq;fp mw;Gjq;fisf; mtu; ghjj;jpd; jk;khTld;

mtNu ehf kd;did tpl kpf rf;jp tha;e;jtu; vd;gijg; nfhz;ldh;. ehf mrptpRghkh

(Asivisupama)

cgNjrj;ij

xg;gpl;Lf; xU yl;rk;

mtu;fSf;F Gj;j Nghjidfis tpsf;fpdhh;. vz;gjhapuk; kf;fs; (80>000) (1>00>000) G j ; j r k a j ; i j V w ; w dh ; . cgNjrj;ij gg;g[;[h Vw;wdh;. fh\;kPuhTk;

f e ; j h T k ; G j ; j h > j k ; k h > r q ; f k k ; v d ; w N f h \j ; J l d ; $ b a k Q ; r s ; e p w J z ; L N g h h ; j ; j p a Gj ; j G k p a h f k h w pa J . jw;nghOija nehbfs; Nghjid ,d;Dk; nra;jhh;. tdthrhTf;Fr; Nghjidfis gg;g[;[h nrd;w n ra ; j Njuh M f ha j ; j p y ; gwe;jthNw vd;w kf;fs; ikR+u; vdg;gLk; k`prkz;lyhtpw;Fr; flik kf;fis Nghd;wtw;iw ey;topg;gLj;jp cgNjrk;

nrd;w Njuh k`hNjth mq;F KJikapy; Vw;gLk; Neha; kw;Wk; nra;J akjh;khpd; ehw;gjhapuk; t p s f ; F k ; N j t J j ; j dR j ; j h ( D e v a d ü t a s u t t a n t a ) v d ; w j j ; J t ehw;gjhapuk; kf;fSf;F gg;g[;[h

m d h k j f h ]k ; A j ; j h

(Anamataggasamyutta)

tpohtpy; ngw;wdh;.

mWgjhapuk; IEhW

( 6 0 > 0 0 0 ) f y e ;J n f h s ;s K g ;g j ;j p V o h a p u k ; (3 7 > 0 0 0 ) k f ;f s ; cgNjrj;ijg; tpfhuhf;fs; epWtg;gl;ld. ,g;gbahf mq;F Gdpjupd; rkaj;ij me;j Njuh ntw;wpfukhf epWtpdhh;. Njuh jk;kuhf;fpjh
( Dham m a r akk h i t a)

F [ u h j ; j py ;

fj;jpathu;> fl;r; kw;Wk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-119fj;jpathu;> fl;r; kw;Wk; rpe;j; khfhzj;jpy; md;W ,Ue;j mguhd;jfh (Aparantaka) vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mq ;Fs ;s Kg ;gj;jp Vohapuk; (37>000) kf ;fSf ;F mkpu ;jk; Nghd;w cz;ikfisf; Rj;jh $wpdhh;. mjd; gpd; cs;slf;fpa mf;fpf;fz;lN`hgk vd;w ngw;w ePjpf; e p i y a py ; fijia ,Ue;j g g ; g [; [ h trjp
( Ag g ik k ha n dho p am a- s u t t a)

g y ; y h a p u f ; f z f ; f hd cgNjrj;ijg; ngw;wdh;. k`hjk;kuhf;fpjh k`huh\;buhtpy; ngahpy; ,Ue;j
( M a h a n a ra d a k a s s a p a)

FLk;gj;jpdh;

(Mahadhammarakkhita)

,d;iwa vd;w $wp>

md;W vd;w

k`hul;lh [hjfh

(Maharattha)

,lj;jpw;Fr;

n r d ; W k ` h d h u f j h fh r g ; g h f i j f i sf ;

mtu;fis ey;topf;Fj; jpUg;gpa gpd; vz;gj;jp ehyhapuk; (84>000) kf;fSf;F gg;g[;[h cgNjrk; nra;jhh;. tlNkw;Fg; gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; ,Ue;j Nahdhf;fspd;

e h l ; b w ; F k ` h u j ; j pl ; l h ( M a h a r a k k h i t a ) n r d ; W m q ; f p U e ; j k f ; f S f ; F f h y f h u k R + j ; j d h ( K a l a k a r a m a - s u t t a n t a) v d ; w ngahpy; Rkhh; kw;Wk; Nghjidfs; nra;a xU yl;rj;jp kdkhw;wk; %yNjth> jd;Dld; v O g j h a p uk ; mila> r`hNjth mioj;J f; (1>70>000) kf;fs; mij Nfl;L cgNjrk; ngw;wdh;. Jd;Lgprhuh
Dundubhissara)

gj;jhapuj;Jf;Fk; (10>000) mjpfkhNdhh; gg;g[;[h fhrgNfhl;lh> Njuhf;fis
(Kassapagotta, Muladeva, Sahadeva, and

Nghd;w

nfhz;L ,ka kiy mbthuj;jpy; ,Ue;j Njrq;fSf;Fr; nrd;w Rj;jdh jkJ k[;[pkh
(Majjhima)

j k ; k f hg ; g ; g t l ; l d g t l ; l d h vd;w ngahpy; (80>00>00>000) Nfhb

(Dhammacakkappavattana-suttanta)

Nghjidfis

vz;gJ

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-120kf;fspilNa gut tpl;lhh;. me;j Ie;J Njuhf;fSk; Ie;J ehLfSf;Fk; ,yl;r tp[ak; nra;J xt; xU ,lj;j pYk; xU kf;fSf;F (1>00>000) rk;Gj;jhpd; Nghjidfspy;

xd;whd gg;g[;h cgNjrj;ijf; nfhLj;jdu;. gh;kh vdTk; vdTk;> ngq;fhy; vdTk;> kj;jpa ,e;jpag; gFjp vd;w

fUjg;gLk;

Rtd;dG+kp

(Suvannabhumi)

,lj;jpw;F nrd;whh; Njuh cj;juh. me;j rkaj;jpy; me;j ehl;by; xU rk;gtk; ele;J nfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. vg;nghOJ me;j ehl;L kd;ddpd; clNdNa tpOq;fp fz;l Xb vd muz;kidapy; ngz; tpLk;. kf;fs; te;j me;j G+jk; MfNt Mz; Foe;ijg; me;jf; te ;j me;j jLj ;J tpLjiy kPz;Lk; gpwe;jhYk;> Foe;ijia Njuhf;fisf; G+jj;jpd; nfhiy $wp ngw;Wj; xd;W te;J mq;F midtUk; nfhz;L mtu;fis ,Ue;J mJ Nghy

mtu;fs; nghOJ G+jj;jplk; je;jhh;.

Ml;fNs nra;a

epidj;Jf;

mtu;fis

epWj;jpa Njuh> jhk; mikjp fhf;f te;j kdpjh;fs; vd;W mtu;fSf;F jUtjhf thf;FWjp

xU Mz; Foe;ij muz;kidapy; g pwe;j nghOJ me;jf; Foe;ijiia tpOq;f te;j G+jj;jpidg; tpl ,U klq;F nghpa G+jj;ij me;j Njuh cUthf;f mijf; fz ;L g a e ; j G + j k ; X b xs p e ;j J . mjd; gpd; me;j ehl;bd; gy gFjpfSf;Fk; ngahpy; nrd;W

gpUk;k[yh epfo;j;jpdhh;.

( Brahmajala)

vd;w

gpurq;fq;fs;

gyUk; mtUila Nghjidfisf; Nfl;lhYk; mWgjhapuk; kf;fs; rka khw;wk; mile;jdh;. nghpa FLk;gj;ij

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-121nghpa FLk;gj;ij Nru;e;j %thapuj;J mjd; IEhW gpd; Mz;fs; mur gg;g[;[h
( So n u t t a r a)

cgNjrk; vd;w Qhd

ngw;wdh;.

me;j

FLk;gq;fspy; Njuhf;fs; NghyNt

gpwe;j ngaUk; topf;F

F o e ; i j fS f ; F ,izf;fg;gl;lJ. ,Ue;jjpdhy; Mj;k nry;Yk;

NrhDl;luh mq;fpUe;j Gj;jiug; rkhjpahd

mu`d;jhf;fshf

epg;gdhit Vw;W kw;wtu;fSf;Fk; top fhl;bdh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

gd;dpuz;lhtJ ghfkhd ‘ mz;il ehLfspy;

kj khw;wq;fs;’ ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-12213: k`pd; j htpd; tUif
jd;Dila ngUk; FUtplk; Nghjid k`pd;jh Vw;W Njuhthf khwp

gd;dpuz;L tUlj;jpy; yq;fhit Gj;j rkaj;jpy; ,izj;j mwpthspahd epidj;jhh; ‘k d ; d d ; %jrpthtpw;F tajhfp tpl;ljpdhy; mtUila kfd; ,dp M l ; r p g ; n g hW g ; i g V w ; f N t z ; b a j U k z k ; t e ; J t p l ; l J ’ jd;Dila mioj;J tu k d ; d dp l k ; c[;[apdp nrd;whh;.
(Samghamitta) (Sumana)

cw;whh; ,Ue;Jk; vDk; mtUld; kfd;>

cwtpdiuAk; tpil ehd;F rpwg;ghd ngw;Wf;

jk;

rkaj;jpw;F ,d;iwa fpsk;gpr;

Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpdhy; jd;Dila FUtplKk; nfhz;L jf;fpdfpupf;F
( D a k k h i n a g i r i)

Njuhf;fs;> mk;rq;fs; mioj;Jr;

rk;`kpj;jhtpd; ; ngw;wpUe;jtUk; nfhz;L nrd;W

MW tpj rpj;j rf;jpfisAk; ngw ;wpUe;j rhkdPu Rkd;dh Nghd;wtu;fisAk; , U e ; j h h ; . , g ; g b a hf M W k hj k ; f o p e ; j J . mtu; jw;nghOija NghghYf;F mUfpy; cs;s Fthypau; vDk; ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;j Ntjfpupf;F jhahh; Njtp
(Vedisagiri) ( Devi)

nrd;W

mq;fpUe;j

jd;Dila

vd;gtiu

re;jpj;jhh;. mtUf;Fk; mtUld; te;jtu;fSf;Fk; jhahUk; k w ; w t u ; f S k ; r p w g ; g h d t u N t w ; G j e ; j dh ; . jd;Dila te;j fz;L je;ijf;Fg; xU gpd; mtd;jpia Mz;L t e ;j

kd;du ; mNrhfd; c[ ; [apdpf ;Fg ; NghFk ; Kd; Ntjfphpf ;F nghOJ mts; tzpfUila kaq;fp Gjy;tpahd mtisj; Njtpia jpUkzk; mofpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-123nra;J nfhz;lhh;. mts; c [ ; [ a pdp a p y ; Mz; k fdhf k`pe;jhitAk;> ,uz;L tUlk; nghWj;J rq;fkpj;jh vd;w kfisAk; ngw;nwLj;jhs;. k`pd;jh ,Ue;jhs;. epidj;jhh; nfhz;l nfhz;L mtUila khjj;jpy; Vwg;NghFk; Nthfphpf;F m q ; f p U e ;j ‘v d ; D i l a mit vg;gb fpof;fpy; kiy
(jz;zPu;

te;j

nghOJ

mts; Njuh

mq;Fjhd; k`pd;jh nra;J fye;J vd;gij
(Jettha)

Neuj;jpy; je;ij

gl;lhgpN\fk; mjpy;

nghOJ

Njtdhk;gpajp];]hTk; ,Ue;J cs;s kPJ
jpUtpoh)

e i l ng W f p d ; w d n[l;lh me;j

JhJtu;fsplk; kp]hf md;W

Nfl;lwpe;Js;shh;.
(Missaka-mountain )

mDuhjGuj;jpd;

mw;Gj

j Pg f w ; g k h d = y q ; f h t p w ; F e h K k ; n r y ; y N t z ; L k ; ’ k`pd;jhit $wpdhh; khw;Wtha; topapy; vd re;jpj;j Njtu; jiytd;; Gj;j $wp ,e;jpuh G+kpahf cs;shh;.

‘ yq;fhit

nrd;wile;J

mij

KjypNyNa

rk;Gj;jh;

c d f ; F e h q ; f S k ; m q ; F t e ; J c j T Nt h k ; ’ ‘Njuhtpw;F

mLj;j

gpwtp

, dp

fpilahJ>

mtu;

nja;tkhfp tpLthh;’ vd ek;gpa Njtpapd; rNfhjupAila ghz ;L f h ( B h a nd u k a) v d ;w xU k f d ;> Njuh k ` p e ;j h j k ; FLk;gj;jpdUf;F Nghjpj;jtw;iw Nfl;lg; gpd; mtUlNdNa ,Uf;fyhdhh;. me;j NjuhTld; mur xU tpoh khjk; elf;f ,Ue;jg; ,Ue;j gpd; n[l;lh k`pe;jh

khjj;jpy;

jpdj;jpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-124k`pe;jh jd;Dld; rp\;auhd gwe;J k PJ jd;Dila ehd;F ghz;Lfhit k pr h f tpN\r rf;jpia nfhz;L cr;rp vd;w cgNahfpj;J j d ; D i la Mfhaj;jpy;
(Sila-peak)

Njuhf;fs;>

Rkd;dh rpyh

kw;Wk;

mioj;Jf; kiyapd;

te;J ,Ue;j

mk;gj;jhyh

( Am ba t t h a la)

,lj;jpy;

,wq;fpdhh;. Gj;jh; fhl;b mtu; jhd; kuzk; milAk; NkYk; K d ; d Nu yq;fhtpw;F ,tu;

%yNk ew;fjp fpilf;f ,Ue;jhh;. Gfo;e;J yq;fhtpw;F midtuhYk; ,wq;fpdhh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp

cs;sJ vd

m t i u m i l a hs k ; nja;tq;fs; k`pe;jh . te;J mq;F Njuh

yq;fhtpd; juNt

ghuhl;lg;gl;ltu; tpNkhrdk;;

khh;fj;jpy;

,ize;j top

Gj;j

gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

gjp%d;whk; ghfkhd ‘ k`pd;jhtpd; tUif’

,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; g p d ;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-12514:
Njtdhk;gpajp];]h kfpo;rpNahL jpUtpoh
mountain)

jiyefh; tp[ak;
jd;Dila Ntz;Lk; cw;rtj;ij Vw;ghL (40>000); kiyapy; mioj;Jr; khd;fs; me;j ehl;by; k pr h f t r p g ; g t u ; f s pd ; ; jz;zPu;
(Missaka-

,Uf;f xU elj;j me;j

vd;gjw;fhf kiy nra;jpUe;jhh;.

vd;w kPJ

mtUld; gazk; me;j vd jk;ik ,lj ;ij mq;fpUe;j khd;fisf;

ehw;gjhapuk;Nghfs; nra;jdh;. kd;did Njuhtplk; ftup mtd; nfhz;L

me;j

kiyf;Fg; Njtu;fs;

,Ue;j nry;y
(elk-stag)

Ntz;Lk; Nghy ,Ue;j me;j

tpUk;gpajpdhy; cUkhw;wpf; nrd;wile;J tdj;jpy; fz;ltd; mtw;iw me;j

kd;dd; ,Ue;jdu; . va;J

ghh;itapy; mk;G

g L k hW nfhy;y

Nka;e;J mtw;iw gpbf;f

nfhz;L

kdk; Xbr;

,d;wp nrd;W

epidj;J Njuh

mtw;iwj;

Juj;jpr;

nrd;whd;.

khd;fSk;

,Ue;j

,lk;tiu

k d ; d dp d ; g h h u ; i t a p y ; N j u h t p O e ; j J k ; k i w e ; J t p l ; l d . Njuh kd;dd; me;j ‘,q;Nf epidj;jhh; ghh;j;J th Njuhitf; ‘v d ; D l d ; tpl;lhy; fz;Nl vd fz;l kd;dh> te;Js;s gae;J kd;dd; jd;id jp];]h ehq;fs; gae;J ngah; ,e;j Ngha; $l;lj;ij mjw;Nfw;g epd;whh;. mtu; ‘,tu;

tpLthh;’.

jp];]h’

nrhy;yp

mioj;jijf; ‘gag;glhNj

epidj;jhh;

al;rpzpahf ,Ug;ghNuh ? Mdhy; Njuh

mtiu Nehf;fp c z ; i k a pd ;

rhkd;ah;fs;.

r Pl u ; f s ; . c d ; k P J f U i z f ; n f h z ; L [ k ; G j P g h t p y ; , U e ; J , q ; F t e ; J s ; N s h k ; ’ v d ; w h h ; . m e ; j k d ; d D f ; F j d ; D i la
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-126ez;gd; vOe;jd. rhkdh;fisg; kdjpy; gw;wpf; $wpa gioa epidTfs; jd;Dila ,Ue;j gak; tpyfpaJ.

MAjq;fisf; fPNo itj;J tpl;L mtiu mtu; vjpupy; nrd;W mkh;e;jhh;. mtu; mku;e;jJk; me;j NjuhTld; fz;L

tzq;fpa gpd;

te;jpUe;J gae;jtu;

mJtiu ‘, t u ; f s ;

f z ; f S f ; F g ; G y g ; g l h k y ; , U e ; j k w ; w tu ; f S k ; m t u ; K d ; Njhd;wpdh;. midtUk; mjw;F mtu;fisf; ,q;F Njuh vg;nghOJ $wpdhh; Nfl;l gy te;jdh;? ’ ‘mtu;fs; kd;dd; Jwtpfs; vdf; Nfl;lhh;. vd;Dld;jhd; vd;why; vd gy cs;sduh’ fw;wwpe;j>

te;jpUe;jdh;’ mijf; [k;GjPghtpy; Njuhtplk; kdij ,d;Dk;

‘ mg;gb

tpdt>

‘%d;W

Ntjq;fisAk; Mw;wy; kpf;f> kQ;rs;

rpj;jpfisg; ngw;Ws;s> xUtiu ghh;j;j kl;bNyNa mtu; Gupe;J nfhs;Sk; Njth;fSila epwj; Jz;L nrtpfisg; Nghd;wij ngw;Ws;s

mzpe;jtu;fspdhy; [k;GjPgh R+og;gl;L cs;sJ. mt u;fs; midtUk; Gj;jupd; rPlu;fs;’ vdf; $wpdhh;. ‘ePq;fs; te;jPu;fs;? ’ jz;zPu; vd;W gwe;J

midtUk;

,e;j

,lj;jpw;F

vg;gb

v d k d ; d d ; t p d t ‘j i u k h h ; f k h f N t h > , y ; i y k PNj h Njuh gazk; $w nra;J ehq;fs; ,q;F mg;gb vd;why; mtu;fs; Mfhaj;jpy;

tutpy;iy ’

te;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij Gupe;J nfhz;lhh; kd;du;. me;j k d ; d dp d ; mwpthw;wiy Nfl;f Nrhjpf;f mtUk; v z;zpa gjpy; Njuh

k d ; d dp l k ;

Nfs;tpfs;

$wpdhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-127xU kuj;ij Rl;bf; fhl;ba Njuh ‘ kd;dh> ,e;j kuj;jpd; ngah; vd;d ? ’ vd;whh;. ‘,J khkuk; ’ vd;whh; kd;dh;. ‘ , i j j ; j t p w N t W k h k uk ; c s ; s j h ?’ v d ; w h h ; N j u h . ‘ , q ; F g y k h k uq ; f s ; c s ; s d ’ v d ; w h h ; k d ; d h ; . ‘khkuq;fisj; Nfl;lhh; Njuh. ‘,e;j ‘NtW jtpw ‘,e;j kd;dh;. ‘ e P c z ; i k a py ; r p w e ; j m w p t h s p j h d ; ; ’ v d ; w h h ; N j u h ‘kd;dh Nfl;l kd;dh;. ‘cwtpdh; Njuhtplk; kd;dh;. ‘ c w ; w h h ; c w t p d u ; k w ; W k ; c w t p d h ; m y ; y h N j h i u j ; j t pw NtW vtUk; cz;lh? vdf; Nfl;l Njuhtplk; ‘ Vd;> ehd; ,Uf;fpd;Nwd; Iah’ vd;w kd;did ‘ey;yJ. eP m w p T [ P t p ; ’ v d g ; g h u h l ; b d h h ; N j uh . my;yhNjhUk; ‘v d ; cs;sduh ? vdf; jtpw Nfl;l mjpf c w t p d u ; f i sj ; my;yhNjhUk; cdf;F Njuhtplk; cw;whh; cwtpdh; c s ; s d u h? Iah’ vd;W vd;whh; ‘epiwaNt khkuj;ijj; jtpw k h k uk w ; w NtW gy kuq;fSk; cs;sd’ vd;whh; kd;dh;. gy NtW kuq;fSk; gy cs;sdth ? kw;w khkuj;ijj; vd kPz;Lk; vd;whh; jtpw NtW kuq;fs; cs;sdth ?’ vd;W

kuq;fSk; jtpw

c s ; s d t h’ vd;W

Nfl;lhh; Njuh. khkuj;ijj; n r h d ; N d d ;’

cs;sdh;

vz;zpf;ifapy;

cwtpdh;

c z ;L’ v d ;w h h ;

c z ; i k a py ; r p w e ; j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-128me;j kd;dd; cz;ikapNyNa rpwe;j mwpthsp ; vd;gijj; njhpe;J vd;w R+j;jpuj;ij nfhz;l Nghjpf;f me;j Njuh kd;dDld; mtUf;F te;jpUe;j F y ` j ; j p g ; g h L g h k R+ j ; j d h (Cülahatthipadüpamasuttanta)

e h w ; g j h a p u k ; N g U k ; m t u p l k ; r u z i le ; j d u ; . md;W epidj;j mtu;fis khiy kd;dd; kd;dDf;F czT mioj;j vjw;Fk; czT rhg;gpl nghOJ Nfl;L te;jJ. vd Mdhy; vd jhk vz;zpr;

gpf;Ff;fs;

m g ; n g hOJ cztUe;j

khl;lhh;fs; mtu;fs;

tplyhk;

me;j Neuj;jpy; rhg;gpl khl;Nlhk; vd kWj;J tpl;ldh;. mg;nghOJ rhg;gpl KbahJ vdf; $wpa gpd; jhk; czT m U e ; J k ; N e u j ; i j k d ; d dp l k ; $ w p d u ; . m j d h y ; m t u ; f i s efUf;Fs; nry;yyhNk vd kd;dd; mioj;jhh;. ‘,y;iy ‘mg;gb ‘,e;j kd;dh> ehq;fs; ,g;Nghijf;F ,q;NfNa ,Uf ;fpd;Nwhk;’ vd gpl;Ff;fs ; $wptpl;ldh;’. vd;why; ,e;j ,isQiuahtJ vd;Dld; mDg;GtPu;fsh ’ vd ghz;Litf; fhl;bf; Nfl;lhh; kd;du;. ,isQu; jhd; nra;a ,Uf;f nry;y Ntz;ba mtUf;F ghijia ehq;fs; mtUf;F mwpe;J gg;g[;[h mtu; gg;g[;[h nfhz;L tpl;lhh;. MfNt

cgNjrj;ij vq;fSld;jhd;

Ntz;b Ntz;Lk;.

,Ug;gjpdhy;

cgNjrj;ij Nghjpf;f Njitahdit jahuhf itf;fg;gl;L cs;sjpdhy; ,Ug;gjpdhy;> eP fpsk;gpr; nry; ‘ vd me;j k d ; d dp l k ; ehisf;F $wp xU tpl mtUk; ‘ mg;gb vd;why; mjpy; ’
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

ehd; Vwp

tz;bia

mDg;Gfpd ;Nwd;.

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-129e Pq ; f s ; nrd;W midtUk; me;j vd; ehl;bw;F te;j ttu Ntz;Lk;’ gw;wp vd md;Gf; fl;lis ,l;l gpd; ghz;Lit Njuhf;fs; mtUk; tp\ak; nfhz;lhh;. me;j jdpNa mioj;Jr; Nfl;lwpe;J midj;ijAk;

kd;dDf;F

$ w p d h h ; . m g ; n g h O J j h d ; m e ; j k d ; d Uf ; F t e ; J s ; s t u ; f s ; k d p j g ; g p w t p f s ; j hd ; > j h d ; K j y p y ; v z ; z p a i j g ; N g h y mtu;fs; kfpo;r;rp gg;g[;[h khag; gpwtpfs; my;y> mtu;fSila tUif jkf;F ed;ik ju cs;sJ vd;gij mwpe;J nfhz;L kd mile;jhh;. kw;Wk; mtu; nrd;wJk; ghz;Lfhtpw;F me ;j Njuh cgrk;ghjh gpl;Ff;fSf;F mijg; cgNjrq;fis kj;jpapNyNa ngw;Wf;

fpuhkj;Jf;Fs;NsNa> nra;tpj;jjpd;

fhuzk;

nfhz;lTld;

ghz;Lfh mu`d;jhfp tpLthh; vd;gjdhy;jhd;. mjw;Fg; gFjp tiu gpwF me;j rhkNdu nra;jpia Rkd;dhtplk; jhk; gug;g ‘j k ; k h i t vd;W

Nghjpf;fg; NghFk; Neuj;ij mwptpf;FkhW Njuh $w ve;j Ntz;Lk; mJ Nfl;ltuplk;> jk;Kila KOtJk;; mwptpj;jhh;. mg;nghOJ efupy; ,lj;jpy; Njuhtpd; mk;gj;jhyh kd;dd;
( Am ba t t h a la)

jhk;ggd;dp tpN\r

KOtJk;

Nfl;fg;gl jhk;ggd;dp Fuypy;

Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpatu; jk;kh Jtq;f ,Uf;Fk; Neuj;ij rf;jpiaf; nfhz;L cuj;j mJ Nfl;fg;gLk; msTf;F

vd

miof;fg;gLk; vd;w xU ntspahd ,lj;jpYk;

,Ue;j

ehffhl;Lf;fh ,Ue;jhd;. mtd;

( Nagacatukka); cuj;j Fuypy; ,Ue;j

mwptpg;G

vjpnuhypj;jJ. me;j mwptpg;ghsUila Fuy; vtUilaJ v d j ; n j h p a h k y ; g a e ;J N g h a ; v j h tJ j P a r k ; g t k ; j d ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-130ehl;by; elf;fg; Nghfpd;wjh mtu; vd ‘v e ; j te;J Njuhtplk; jPikAk; tpl;lJ Nfl ;L ehl;by; rlaj;ij vd;g ij $wp mDg;gpdhh;. midtUk; mwptpf;fNt nrd;wilAk; mDg;gpdhh;. rhkNduhtpd; me;j mwptpg;igf;; Nfl;l Gkpj;jhAk; me;j nra;jpia vjpnuhypf;Fk;gb me;j Md;kPf g pUk ; k d p d ; nra;jhs;. mikjp vd;w Rtu;fNyhfk; mijf; Nf l ; l Nghjidahd t iu Njtu;fSk; Rhkrpl;l mjw;F Vw;fg; me;j tifapy;

t p i s a g ; N g h t J , y ; i y . k h w h f rk ; G j ; j u p d ; NghFk; fhyk; nra;jp midj;J

,lq;fisAk; vdf;

mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ

Rj ;jhdhit (Samacitta-vagga ) vz;zpylq;fhj Nfl;ldh;;.
(supannas)

Nfl;f tpiue;J te;jdh;. me;j rka Nghjidia Rgd;dh

Njtu;fSk; Nghy

mJ

vz;zw;w

ehfhf;fSk;>

vd;w gpuptpdUk; Gj;jUila rkaj;jpy; (kjk;)

, i z e ; j d h ; . r u p G l ; l h ( S a r i p u t t a) v d ; g t u ; m i j N g h j p f ; f k ` p e ; j h % y k ; N j t u ; f S k ; m i j N fl ; l w p e ; j d u ; . kWehs; fhiy tz;bNahl;b te;Js;Nsd;. kd;dd; xU tz;bia mDg;gp ,Ue;jhh;. mtu;fsplk; , j py ; cq;fs; nrd;W ‘tz;bia vLj;J Vw;wpf; midtiuAk;;

nfhz;L; efUf;F mioj;J tUkhW kd;dh; $wp cs;shh; ’ v d ; W $ w m t u ; f s ; t z ; b a p y ; V w k W j ; J t p l ; l g p d ; ‘e P Ngh> ehq;fs; gpd;dhy; tUfpd;Nwhk;’ thdj;jpy; efupd; vd;W $wp; jkJ Kjy; rf;jpia ];Jhgp gad;gLj;jp mike;jpUe;j gwe;J nrd;W

fpo f ; F g ;

gFjpf;Fr;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-131rkPgj;jpy; KjyhtJ nrd;W ,lk; ,wq;fpdh;. vd mh;j;jk; mjdhy; je;j me;j ‘g j k gFjpf;F nrl;bah’

( Pathamacetiya) vd;w ngah; Vw;gl;lJ.

t e ; j p U e ; j N j u h f ; f s p d ; k f p i k fi s g ; ; g w ; w p f ; N f s ; t p A w ; w mur FLk;gj;Jg; ngz;fs; jhKk; mtu;fis re;jpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd tpUk;gpajpdhy; mtu;fs; Njuhit jhprpf;f trjpahf mw;Gjkhd mikj;jhh;. Njuhf;fs;
Nghd;wit)

,Uf;FkhW G+ khiy j p li y

nts;is Njhuzq;fs; muz;kid

Jzpfspdhy; fl;lg;gl;l tshfj;jpw;Fs;

myq;fhpf;fg;gl;L>

vtUk; mku vg;gb

caukhd khl;Nlhk; mkur; Njuhf;fs;

M rdq ; f s p y ; vdf; $wp vd;w

(ehw;fhyp

,Ue;jjpdhy; Nahrid apy; te;J tpl;l mijf; i f a py ; nfhz ;L

mtu;fis ,Ue;j cau;e;j fhy

nra;tJ

kd;ddplk; ,uj;jpdf;

Vw;fdNt

tptuj;ij tz;bNahl;b te;J $w> mtUk ; clNd tpiy fk;gsq;fis gof;fj;jpd;gb thq;fp tutioj;J mtUila vLj;Jf; f PNo t p u p f ; f r ; n r h y ; y p j h N d N j u h t p l k ; n r d ; W g z ; i la k u p a hi j f ; F w p a gpl;ir ,Ue;J ghj;jpuj;ij

mtu;fis cs;Ns mioj;J te;jhh;. me;j G+kpia mioj;Jr; itgtj;ijf; jkJ rka vd;wdh;. nrd;w fz;l N[hjplu;fs; fPo; ‘te ;Js ;s , e ;j itf;fNt jFjpf;Nfw ;w

gpl;GFf;fs; te;Js;sdh;’

mkUtjw;fhf

tutpy;iy.

mtu;fs;

Mjpf;fj;jpd; mtu;fis kd;dd;

muz;kizf;Fs;

mtutu;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-132Mrdq;fspy; ( ,lj;jpy; ) mkur; nra;j gpd; mtu;fSf;F muprpapy; nra;;j czTk; kw;w czitAk; nfhz;L te;J jhNd ghpkhwpdhh;. ghjj;jpd; ,isa mtu;fs; fPo; jhd; czT nrd;W mUe;jp mku;e;J mDyh K b j; j J k ; nfhz;L>
(Anulä)

mtu;fs; jd;Dila ,Ue;j tur;

rNfhjuupd;

kidtp

vd;gtiuAk;>

jd;Dila mD y h mtu;fis euf ngWk;

muz;kizapy; jd;Dld; tzq;fpa

jdf;Ff;

fPo;

kd;ddhd nrhd;dhh;. te;J NghFk; kw;Wk; ngWk;

k`hd`hitAk; (Mahanaga) IEhW gpd; xU

mioj;J ngz;fis Xukhfg; gPlyhl;L Vw;g $Wk;

mioj;J milag; mtu;fs;

Ngha; epd;whs;. xUtu; nra;Ak; jPikfSf;F Vw;g mtutu; tho;itg; Rtu;f gw;wpf; tho;itg; vd;gtw;iw $Wk;
( Pe t a va t t h u)

mtutu;

nra;Ak;

ed;ikfSf;F gw;wpf ;

tpkhdthj;J Vwpdu;. me;j ngw;w mtu;fs; juprpf;f te;J Njuh

( V i m ä n a v a t t h u)

Nghjpj;jhh;;.

mjdhy; me;jg; ngz;fs; Md;kPf khh;fj;jpd; Kjy;gbapy;

n g w ; w pU e ; j $w>

mw;Gj

r f ; j pi a g ;

gw;wpAk;>

jhk;

Nghjidfspd; efuj;jpy; vd;W Nghd;w murDk; vd;gjhy; ,lj;jpy; jq;Fkplk; midj;Jj; Ntz;Lk;

rhuj;ijAk; ,Ue;j tpUk;gp Nghjpa

kw;wtu;fSf;Fk; midtUk; mtiu mijf; me;j Rj;jg; Vw;ghL mjd;gb Mrdq;fs; jFjpf;Nfw;g thapYf;F

muz;kiz ,l

fytuk;

epiyikia juprpf;f

Vw;gLj;jpdh;. trjpaw;w Nfhl;lj;ij jhprdk; ngw ,l;lhh;.

Nfs;tpg;gl;l ,lj;jpy; gLj;jp nra;J Mshthh;fs; me;j

Njuhit

tUgtu;fs;

rpukj;jpw;F

ahidfs; mtu;fs; vd fl;lis

n f h s ; s y hk ;

ahidfs; Nghlg;gl;L

Rj;jg;gLj;jg;gl;L Njuhf;fspd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-133mtutu;fs; mku itf;fg;gl;ldh;. mjd; gpd; Njuh mq;F nrd;W kpfTk;
suttanta )

jk;

Mrdj;jpy; KjpatUk;

mku;e;J

nfhz;lg; xU

g p d; Njuh

mtu;fspy;

mDgtrhypAkhd

Mde;jj;ijj; jUk; NjtJhj Rj;jdh (Devadütavd;gijg; gw;wp vLj;Jiuf;f efupy; ,Ue;J te;j k f; f s ; Mde;jf; Md;kPf flypy; Ko;fpdh;. Kjy;gbapy; khh;fj;jpd;

ngUthupahd Vwpdu;. me;j G+kpapy;

Mapuf;fzf;fhNdhh;

Njuhtpw;F jd;Dila

,izahf FUitg;

xUtUk; NghyNt

,y;yhj yq;fhtpd;

me;j ,U

,lq;fspy; rka Nghjidfs; nra;J mq;fpUe;j kf;fspd; ey;nyz;zj;ijg; ngw;whh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh tp[ak;’

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

gjpdhyhk;

ghfkhd ‘ jiyefh;

,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-13415: k`htp`huh Vw; G
ahidj; Nfhl;lKk; ,Ue;j mku trjp xU kpfTk; ,aw;if ,lj;ij rpwpajhf moF kpf;f> ,Ue;jjpdhy; F S i k a hd g F j p a py ; nfhLf;f mq ;F gy nrd;W

c w ; r h f k p F j p a p d h y ; m q ; F t e ; j p U e ; j k f ; f s ; m u z ; k iz Njhl;lj;jpy; ee;jdh Njuhf;fs; te;jpUe;j ngz;fSk; Njhl;lj;jpd;
( N a nd a na - ga r d e n)

njw;Fg; nra;J

Rj;jk;

Njuhf;fs; me;j

,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mku;e;jdh;. gilj;j FLk;gj;ij fhybg; rhh;e;j gf;fj;jpy;

Njuhf;fspd;

mku;e;J nfhz;ldh;.

K l ; l h S k ; m w p t h s p A k ; ( d i s c o u r se o f v d ; W m u ; j ; j k ; j U k ; ‘g h y g h z ; b j vd;w R+j;jpuj;ij ngz;fs; Njuh mij Rkhh; Mapuk;

the fool and the wise man)

Rj;jdh’(Balapandita-suttanta) mtu;fSf;F Vw;wdu;. mJ Kbe;jJk; vd cgNjrpf;f

‘ehq;fs; Njuhf;fs; Jhuj;jpy;

jpUk;g $wpdh;. cs;sNj.

kiyf;F Nfl;l e e ; j dh

jpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;’; me;j kiy

mijf; ,e;j

kd;dd; clNd Xb te;jhd;. ‘ ,J khiy Neuk; my;yth. ntF Njhl;lk; efuj;jpd; FSikahf mUfpy; cs;sjpdhy; ,q;F ,isg;ghwp vd;W $wp

tpl;L nry;yyhNk’ vd kd;dd; $w mtu;fNsh ‘ ehq;fs; ,Ug;gij tpUk;gtpy;iy’ tpl;ldh;. mjw;F kd;dd;; mtu;fsplk; ‘. k`hNk` G+q;fh
( Ma h am e g h a- pa r k) v d ;w x U , l k ; c s ;s J . mJ , q ;f p U e ;J

ntF

njhiytpYk; ,aw;if

,y;iy> moF

mNj

rkak;

kpf

mUfpYk; ,dpikAk;

,y;iy.

nrhl;Lk;>

kdjpw;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-135,lkhd mq;F jz;zPh;;> ,isg;ghw ku ,lq;fSk; mijf; nrd;wdh;. mtu;fs; cs;sd. mJ cq;fSf;Fg; me;j me;j epoy; jUk; gy gpbj;j ,lk;

vd;why; mq;F nrd;W ePq;fs; ,isg;ghWq;fs;’ vd;whh;. Nfl;l nrd;W N juhf;fs; ejpg; jq;fpa ,lj;jpw;F ,lk; eptj;j f p s k ; g pr ; rpbah flk;gh gf;fj;jpy;
( Kadamba-river)

( N i va t t a - c e t i ya) v d ;W m i o f ;f g ;g l ;l J .

ee;jdh fpof;Fg; vd

N j h l ; l j ; j pd ; Gwk; nrd;W tpl;L me;j gLf;f Vw;ghL

njd; me;j jd;

gFjpapy; G+q;fhtpy;

,Ue;Jf;

fpsk;gp jq;f

mtu;fis

i t j ; j g ; g p d ; ‘, e ; j , l j ; j p y ; t r j p a h f , i s g ; g h W q ; f s ; ’ $wptpl;L Kd; jd;Dila m i k r ; r u ; f S l Dk ; kd;dd;. jFjpf;Nfw;g Mrdq;fisAk; me;j gupthuq;fSlDk; mjw;F mtu;fSf;F itj;jpUf;f muz;kizf;Fj; ,lj;jpy; ,Uf;iffSk;> jpUk;gpdhu; mtutu; mku

n r a ; j p U e ; j h u; .

Njuhf;fs;

, l j ; j p y ; m d ; W , uT j q ; f p d h ; . kW ‘,e;j Nfl;lhh;. ‘kd;dh> Jwtpfs; jq;f rupahd ,lk; ,J > ,e;j ,lk; vq;fSf;F kd epiwitj; je;jJ ’ vd;wdu; Njuhf;fs;. ehs; fhiy G+f;fs; mq;F nrd;w kd;dd; mtu;Sf;F g pd ; ,J vdf; ?

gytpjkhd cq;fSf;Fj;

nfhLj;J

cgrupj;J

tzq;fpa

,lk;

cq;fSf;Fg; j Fj p a h d ,lkh

gpbj;jpUe;jjh

N j h d ; W f p d ; w j h’

‘Njhg;Gf;fis

Vw;Wf;

nfhs;tjpy;

rNfhjuu;fSf;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-136xg;Gjy; $baJ $wpdhh;. NtYtdh nghOJ cz;lh’ > vJ vd;W Vw;f Nfl;l kd;ddplk;> jtW vJ Vw;ff;; ed;F ,Ue;j $bajy;y vd;w vd;gij ,lj;jpy;

czu;e;jpUe;j

Njuh ‘mij Vw;gjpy;
(Rajagaha)

,y;iy’. vd
(Bamboo-grove)

,uh[fh`h (Veluvana) mij mtu;

%q;fpy; Vw;Wf;

Njhg;ig

kfhjh ehl;L kd;dd; Kd; xU Kiw Gj;jUf;F toq;fpa nfhz;bUe;jhh; vd;gjpdhy;; mtu; mg;gb $wp ,Uf;fyhk;! mijf; Nfl;l midtUk; kpf;f kfpo;r;rp mile;jdh;. me;j vd;w Md;kPf vd;w gpwF mila kd;dDld; gl;lj;J te;jpUe;j t e ; j pU e ; j IEhW mDyh ,uz;lhk; mjhtJ vLj;jy;
(Anula)

,uhzp

jd;Dld; mtSf;F

n g z ; f i sA k ; epiy

mioj;J

te;jpUe;jhs;. tpNkhrdkhd fw;f kl;LNk vd Kiw Ntz;Lk; nrd;W Njuhtplk; F w pj ; J

‘ r f l f h k p g h y h’ Ntz;Lk;> gpwg;G

(sakadagamiphala )

R+j;jpuj;ij xU

kuzj;jpw;Fg; vd;w MfNt epiyia mts; cgNjrk; $wpdhs;. jd;dhy; kWj;J

Mirg;gl;lhs;. jkf;Fk; Ntz;LNfhs; Njuhtplk; KbahJ

k d ; d dp l k ; nra;Ak;gb mtu;fSf;F $lhJ. kd;dDk; mJ

gg;g[;[h t p L k hW mij Njuh vd ,isa Nfl;f>

cgNjrpf;f

t p l ; l h h ; . ‘k d ; d h > e h q ; f s ; n g z ; f S f ; F c g N j r k ; n r a ; a f ; ghlypGuj;jpy; vd;Dila rNfhjupAk;> vd;gts; mj;jifa mts; ,q;F glu;e;Js;s Jwtpapdpkhd ,Uf;fpd;whs;. Nghjidfis tUk; nghOJ rq;fkpj;jh mts;jhd;; nra;a jd;Dld;
( S a mg h am itta)

,tu;fSf;F njw;Fg;Gwkhfg;

mDkjpf;fg;gl;lts;.

Nghjp kuf; fpisiaAk;> rhkdhf;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;J t e ; J n g z ; f S f ; F g g ; g [ ; [ h c g N j rk ; n r a ; t h s ; . e P v d ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-137te;jhy; mts; ngz;fSf;F gg;g[;[h cgNjrk; nra;ths;. eP vd; je;ijahd me;j ehl;L kd;ddplk; mjw;fhd N t z ; L N f h i s m Dg ; G ’ v d ; W m t u ; $w p d h h ; . ‘ m g ; g b v d ; w h y ; r u p ’ v d f ; $ w p a k d ; d d ; x U F t i s a py ; e Pu ; vLj;J mij Njuh k`pd;jhtpd; iffspy; Cw;wp ‘,d;W Kjy; ,e;j k`hNkfh Njhl;lk; cq;fSf;Nf

nrhe;jk;’ vd;whh;. me;j tpOe;j ,g;gb nghOJ Njuhtpd; nghOJ G+kp ,q;F rka mtu; iffspy; G+kp Vd; Cw;wpa vd jz;zPu; fz;l Njuhtplk; ,e;j Kjy; G + k p a py ; kd;dd; Nfl;l

FYq;fpaJ. FYq;fpaJ xd;Wk;

mijf;

‘m J

,y;iy. ,d;W

jPgfw;gj;jpy; gjpf;fg;gl;L

Gj;jUila

jj;Jtq;fs;

tpl;lJ vd;gijf; fhl;lNt G+kp FYq;fpaJ ’ vd;whh;. clNd mjpy; me;j ,Ue;J kd;dd; vl;L iffs; njd; jhd; G+f;fis nfhz;L Njuhtplk;; G+f;fis te;jpUe;j nfhLf;f v Lj ; J f ;

kyu;e;jpUe;j

ky;ypifg;

epiwa

n f h z ; L m u z ; k i da p d ;

gFjpf;Fr;

nrd;w Njuh

mq ;fpUe;j gpFyh (picula-tree) vd;w xU kuj;jpd; mbapy; mtw ;iwj; J ht G+kp FYq;fpaJ. mjw ;Ff ; fhuzk ; Nfl ;l k d ; d dp l k ; ‘% d ; W Gj;ju;fs; tho;e;jpUe;j n g h OJ , q ; F j h d ; k h y f h ( m a l a k a ) v d ; w n g a hp y ; G d p j r l q ; F f s ; nra ;ag;gLk; ,lk ; mike;J ,Ue;jJ. kd;dh> ,dp mLj;j Gdpj rlq;Fk; ,q;F elf;fg; Nghfpd;wJ ’ v d ; g i j f; F w p f ; f N t G + k p FYq ; f p a J v d ; w h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-138muz;kizapd; tlf;Fg;Gwj;jpy; mofpa Fspay; Fsk; , U e ; j J . k y ; y p i fg ; G + f ; f i s v L j ; J g ; N g h d N j u h m e ; j Fsj;jpYk;; gy ,lq;fspy; mtw;iwj; Jht G+kp mq;Fk; F Y q ; f p a J . m j w ; F f ; f h u z k ; N f l ; l k d ; d dp l k ; ‘ k d ; d h > ,dp Gdpjh;fs;; Fspf;f cs;s Fsk; ,J vd;gijf; F w p f ; f N t G + k p FYq ; f p a J ’ v d ; w h h ; N j u h . mq;fpUe;J xU G+kp ky;ypifg; ‘kd;dh muz;kizapd; ,lj;jpw;Fr; mq;Fk;; mjw;Ff;
and

thapy; nrd;W Jhtp fhuzk;

mUNf jhk;

nrd;w vLj;Jg;

Njuh Nghd

Fwpg;gpl;l

G+f;fis fhFrd;jh>

tzq;f> Nfl;l kw;Wk; Nghd;w mJ Nghjp

mg;NghJk; kd;ddplk; fhrg;gh %d;W NghyNt ku njd; Njuh.

FYq;fpaJ.

Nfhdfhkh
Kassapa)

(Kakusandha, fpisia ek;Kila gFjpf; vd;gijf;

Konagamana

Gj;ju;fs; jhk; vLj;J te;jpUe;j ,q;Fjhd; j h j f hl h t p d ; fpisiaAk; Fwpf;fNt G+kp

njd; gFjp Nghjp kuf;

el;bUe;jdh;. (Ta t h a ga t a) ,q;Fjhd; FYq;fpaJ ’ tUlq;fSf;F

e l g ; N g h f p d ; N w hk ; vd;whh; Kd;dh; nghOJ tuyhw ;W jw;nghOJ ele;jd vd

g y ; y h a p u f ; f z f ; f hd vd;w ele;j ,e;j ,e;j

rpwg;G kpf;f %d;W ngUk; Gj;jh;fs; ,lj;jpw;F Nghd;Nw te;j rk;gtq;fisg;

md;iwa rpNyhd;

epfo;r;rpfs;

g o q ; f h y j ; j p a f l ; L f ; f i j f s py ; $ w g ; g L f p d ; w d . mJ Nghy k`hKfhykhyfh nrd;w Njuh Nghd mg;NghJk; G+kp ky;ypifg; FYq;fpaJ.
(Mahamucalamalaka)

vd;w Nghl ;L

,lj;jpw;Fr; vLj;Jg; tzq;f

x U F w p g ; g p l ; l , l j ; j p y ; j hk ; G+f;fis mjw;Ff; fhuzk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-139k d ; d dp l k ; kz;lgk; ‘, q ; F j h d ;
(uposatha-hall)

ek;Kila mika

cgNjrk; cs;sJ ’

nra;Ak; vd;gijf;

F w p f ; f N t G + k p FYq ; f p a J ’ v d ; w h h ; N j u h . mjd; gpd; Njuh gd;`k;khyfh me;j kzk; fha;j;Jj; kd;dd; tpupj;J xU (Pañhambamalaka) ,lj;jpy; xU tPrpathW njhq;fpd. nghpa me;j Njuhit vd;w nghpa nghpa mjpy;

,lj;jpw;Fr;; khkuj;jpy; mstpyhd ,Ue;J kd;dDf;F tutopj;J itj;J thq;fpf; mq;F ngw;Wf; mjd; vd;d

nrd;whh;. ,dpikahd khk;goq;fs;

gwpj;j mij

khk;goj;ij G+kpapy;

Njhl;lf;fhud; fk;gsj;ij mjpy; mku mij me;j

nfhLj;jhd;.

khk;goj;ij nfhz;L G i j f ; F k hW nfhz;l kPJ tpNdhjk;> jz;zPuhy;

mtUf;Ff; khk;goj;ijj; $wpdhh;. jhNd rpy jd;

nfhLj;jhh;. jpd;wtu;;

khk;goj;Jf; nfhl;ilia kd;dd; Njuhtplk; je;J mij khk;gof; mq;F Njuh n f h l ; i lia mij Gijf ;f nfhl;il fOtpdhh;. kd;dDk; mLj;j

i f fi s

fzq;fspy;

n r b a h f k h w p> k u k h f p f h a ; f s ; G + j ; J f ; F Y q ; f p a n g U k ; k h k u k h a pw ; W . m q ; F e p d ; w p U e ; j t u ; f s ; t h a i l j ; J g ; N g h a ; mijg; ghh;j;jthW epd;wpUe;j nghOJ m t u ; f S i la jiy kapu; Mr;rupaj;jpdhy; Fj;jpl;L epd;wd. me;j kuj;jpd; mbapy; Njuh Jht> Nfl;lhu; gupRf;fs; jhd; kPz;Lk; kd;du; ‘ vLj;J Gkp kd;dh te;j FYq;f> ,e;j

ky;ypifg; mjw;fhd
(gpf;Ff;fs;)

G+f;fisj; fhuzj;ijf; gy;NtW

,lj;jpw;F tu ,Uf;Fk; midj;J Gj;j rNfhjuu;fSf;Fk; toq;fg;gl c s ; s d’

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-140vd;gijf; mq;fpUe;J Jht> Nfl;l ngw;Wf; gupRg; fhl;Lk; tifapy; Njuh G+kp FYq;fpaJ vd;whh;. vd fpsk;gpa G+kp % d ;W r l ; L r hy h
(Catussälä)

miof;fg;gl;l md;drhiyf;F nrd;W mq;Fk; G+f;f isj; mg;NghJk; kd;ddplk; nfhz;l FYq;fpaJ. Gj;ju;fSk;> ,Ue;J me;j mjd; G+q;fhit me;j te;jtu;fs; ,lj;jpy;jhd; ,e;j fhuzj;ijf; jhdkhfg; nfhLj;j ngw;Wf; ,lj;jpy; j P g f w ; g j ; j pd ; ‘ muz;kidg;

midj;Jg; nfhz;ldh;.

gFjpfspYk; ,g;nghOJ

nghUl;fis

kPz;Lk;

md;djhdrhiy mikag; Nghfpd;wJ vd;gijf; Fwpf;Fk; t i f a p y ; G + k p FYq ; f p a J ’ v d ; w h h ; . j Pg f w ; g j ; j p y ; v e ; j , l k ; j k f ; F V w ; w J > v J N j i t a w ; w J vd;gij epWtg;gl;l ed;F czu;e;jpUe;j fpsk;gp ];Jhgp ntF cs;s kfh Njuh k ` p e ; j h> gpd;du; mq;fpUe;Jf; fhyj;jpw;Fg; ,lkhd

U t d ; N t y p - j h fg h

( Ruwa n wa e l i -d ag ab a) v d;w ,lj;jpi d nrd ;w i l e ;j h h ;.

muz;kiz
( Kak u d h a- po n d)

tshfj;jpy; Nky;

,Ue;j

fhFlh ];Jhgp

Fsj;jpd; mikf ;f n r d ; w i le ; j ,lj;jpy; mjd;

Kidg;

gFjpNa

rpwe;j te;J Nghl;L

,lkhf kd;dd;

,Ue;jJ.me;j je;jhh;. kd;dd; mtw;iw clNd

,lj;jpw;F Njuh G+kp Njuh

Njuhtplk ; vl;L $il epiwa nrz;gfg ; G+itf ; nfhz ;L me;j FYq;f tzq;fpdhh;.

fhuzj;ijAk; $wyhdhh;.

Nfl;f

,g;gbahff;

‘kd;dh ,e;j ,lj;jpw;F gz;ila fhyj;jpy; tho;e;jpUe;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-141tho;e;jpUe;j ,q;F ];Jhgp jUk; vd;gij njhle;J fhyj;jpy; fhFrz;lh te;jhh;. k`hbl;lh ,Ue;j ehd;F Gj;ju;fSk; te;jdh;. mJ Njuh MfNt ed;ik NkYk; Kd;Ndhh; trpj;J ejpapd; mikj;jhy; Fwpf;fNt midtUf;Fk; G+kp FYq;fpaJ ’ rpwe;j xU FU

$wyhdhh; fUiz me;j
( Kak u s and h a)

‘k d ; d h > kpf;ftUk;> vd;w ,e;j vd;W

vq;fSila ,q;F flk;gh

m w p t h s p A k hd G+q;fhtpw;F

f h y j ;j p y ; me;jg;

k`hNk` ngah;.

( Mahatittha)

( K a d a m b a - r i v e r)

gf;fj;jpy; fpof;Fg; Gwk; mga;ah vd;gNj. me;j jPgfw;gj;jpd;

(Abhaya) vd;w jiy efuk; ,Ue;jJ. mga;ahtpd ; kd;dpd;

ngaUk;

mga;ah

md;iwag; ngah; X[jPgh (Ojadipa) vd;gJ. rpy jPa rf;jpfspdhy; vd;w mG+u;t kf;fis nfhba mtUila Neha; gutp ehl;by; ,Ue;jJ. gpNsf; gj;J

( p e s t i l e n c e)

tpjkhd MfNt

rf;jpfisg; me;jf;

ngw;wpUe;j nfhLikapy; (40>000)

fhfrz;lh ,Ue;Jf;

( K a k u s a n d h a)

m e ; j n f h L i k a p d ; f h u z j ; i j f z ; l w p e; j h h ; . ehw;gjhapuk; rp\;ah;fSld; gpNsf; Ne h a ;

fhg;ghw;Wtjw;fdhf k PJ ,wq;fpdhh;.

Mfhaj;jpy; gwe;J mq;F te;J Njt$lh kiy (Devakuta) rk;Gj;jupd; rf;jpapdhy; Kw;wpYk; kiwe;jJ. me;j ,lj;jpy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;j ‘X [ j P g h t p y ; jilAk; kd;dgjp vtUf;F kd;du;> Kdptu;; tpUg;gk; ,q;F

mwpthspfSf;nfy;yhk;
(fhFrz;lh)

mwpthspahdt uhd ,d;wp clNd

mwptpj;jhh; mtu;fs; ve;j

cs;sNjh

t e ; J v d ; i d g h h ; f y h k ; . m e ; j k i y Na n [ h y p j ; J e p w ; g J
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-142Nghy nfhz;L Njhw;wk; je;jtz;zk; ghh;j;j xspg; gpok;gha; ep d ;W ,Ue;jtiug; kd;dUk; kw;wtu;fSk;

m q ; F t p i u t h f te ; j d h ; . Mfhaj;jpy; ,Ue;J te;jpUe;jtu;fs; Njt Jhjh;fs;; vd epidj;J nfhz;L ngUk; kd;diu kd;dd; kd;ddhf tifapYk; Mrdq;fs; gytpjkhd kf;fs; kfpo;r;rp
(Gj;jh;)

ghpRg; nrd;wdu;.

nghUl;fis mq;F te;j t e ; j pU e ; j mioj;J

Jhf;fpf; kd;dDk; jdJ kd;dhjp mtUila m i dj ; J mku rk;Gj;ju;

mq;F

mile;J cztUe;j

mwpthspfspd; tpl;L

ehl;bw;F mioj;Jr; nrd;whh;. mtu;fis mioj;J te;j epidj;jhh; ,Uf;Fk; nghUj;jkhf Nghl;bUf;f ‘m w p t h s p f S f ; f p i l N a ,e;j Jwtpf;Fk; ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ,lk; te;j

rNfhjuu;fSf;Fk;

Xa;ntLf;f me;j

,Uf;Fk;’

mtu;fSf;F

j k f ; F x J f ; f g ; g l ; b U e ; j M r d j ; j p y ; mk h ; e ; j h h ; . me;j kf;fs; je;jdh;. kf;fs; jPtpd; gy gy ,lq;fspYk;; gupRg; ,Ue;J te;jpUe;j mtu ;fSf ;F jd; gy ,d czTg;

tpjkhd murDk; nra;j

nghUl;fis kw;Wk;

mku;e;jpUe;jtu;fSf;F czitAk; te;jpUe;j gytpjkhd

muz;kizapy;

nfhz;L

n g h U l ; f i s A k ; j hN d g w p k h w p d h h ; . czT mUe;jpa gpd; ve;j ,lj;jpy; Gdpju;

mku;e;jpUe;jhNuh mNj ,lkhd k`hbl;lfh (Mahatitthaka) vd;w ,e;j ,lj;ij kd;dd; mtUf;Fj; jhdkhf toq;f mij Gdpj Gj;ju; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJk; G+kp FYq;fpaJ. gpwF me;j ,lj;jpy; mku;e;J nfhz;L ehw;gjhapuk;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-143kf;fSf;F (40>000) Kf;jpf;F top tFf;Fk; rka N g h j i d f i s G d p j G j ; j u ; n r a ; j h h ; ’. k`hbl;lfhtpy; khiy mkh;e;j jpahdk; kf;fSila mtSila gf;f Nghjp Nghjp ehs; kuk; KOtJk; ,d;W ,Ue;jg; gpwF m d;W nrd;W

cs;s

,lj;jpw;F me;j nfhz;L

rk;Gj;jh; mq;F fiye;J ed;ikiaf; rp\ ;iafSld; kuj;jpd;

e P z ; l j pa h d j ; j p y ; m k h ; e ; j hh ; . j P g f w ; g j ; j pd ; epidj;jhh; njw;Fg; tur; fUj;jpy; ,q;F

vOe;jtu;

‘rpuprhtpy; (sirisa) ,Ue;J gpf;Fdp Ufdjhit (Rucanada) tur; nrhy;yp fpis xd;iwAk; vLj;J

n r h y ; y N t z ; L k ; . m e ; j f p i si a , q ; F e l N t z ; L k ; ’ . ,g;gbahf ,Ue;j mtu; kdjpy; me;j k h d r P f k hf miy Gwk; vz;zpf; me;j nfhz ;L

nghOJ

vz;z

gpf;Fdp ia Nghjp %d;W ,Ue;J

nrd;wila mts; clNd me;j ehl;L kd;did jd;Dld; mioj;Jg; kuj;jpd; NfhLfs; tpLtpj;Jf; tutopf;;fg;gl;l nfhs;s IEhW mts; Ngha; xU Nghl njw;Fg; jhdhf glu;e;jpUe;j ngd;rpypdhy; kuj;jpy; jd;id te;jhs;. nfhz;L; f p i sa p d ; mJ nfhz;L jq;ff; mij ,q;F mbapy;

jd;id mtSila

rf;jpapdhy; Gijj;Jf; jd;Dld; te;jts;

FLitapy; vLj;J mioj;Jf;

gpf;FdpfisAk;

e Pz ; b U e ; j G d p j u p d ; t y J i f a py ; N g h j p k u j ; j p d ; f p i s ,Ue;j me;j jq;ff; FLitia itj;jhs;. m i j n g w ; W f ; n fh z ; l j h j f l h m i j m g a h t p l k ; j e ; J k ` h b l ; l h N j h g ; g py ; ; x U , l j ; j p y ; G i j f ; F k h W $ w p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-144m e ; j k d ; d D k ; m e ; j f p i si a m q ; F e l ; l h h ; . m j d ; g p d ; rpuprkhyfhtpy; ,Ue;J tlf;F Nehf;fpg; ehfkhyfh vd;w , l j ; j p w ; F g ; N g h d r k ; G j ; j h m e ; j , l j ; j p y ; m k u ; e ; j th W jd;idr; rw;wp ,Ue;j midtUf;Fk; rka Nghjidfis nra;jhh;. kd;dh> mjd; gadhf mq;fpUe;j Rkhh; gj;jhapuk; kf;fs ; (10>000) rka khw;wk ; mile;jdh;. mjd; gpd; jhd; kf;fspd; tpl;L fpof;F itj;jpUe;j jd;Dila (1000) Nehf;fpr; Gdpj me;j ePu; e p w k ; g pa

FLitia nfhLj;J Mapuk; rk;Gj;jh;
(Ratanamala)

topghl;bw;nfd

gpf;Fdpaplk; nfhz;L ,uj;dkhyh jd;Dila nrd;W

rPluhd nrd;W

k`hNjthTld;

gpf;Ff;fisAk;

mioj;Jf;

vd;w ,lj;ij mile;jhh;. mq;F kf;fSf;F G j ; j pk j p fi s j ; rPlu;fSld; j e; j g ; gpd; Mfhaj;jpy; gwe;J

gytpjkhd rNfhju Gj;j

[ k ; G j P g h i t m i l e; j h h ; . mjd; gpd; Njhd;wpatu; cUtKkhd midj;ijAk; N f h d f h k dh vd ,Ue;jJ. ehl;L; me;j mJTk; fw;wwpe;jtUk;>

fUizapd;

( Lo r d Ko n a gam a n a)

vd;gtu;. me;j rkaj;jpy; k`hNk`h Njhl;lj;jpd; ngah; k`hNehkh (Mahänoma) vd;w ngah; nfhz;l rk;kpj;jh tj;jkhdh ,Ue;jJ. thujPghtpy; fLikahd twl;rp;
(drought) ( Sam iddha)

thujPgh

( Varadipa)

me;j

kd;ddpd; jiy njw;Fg;

ngah; efuk;; Gwj;jpy;

vd;gJ.

efupd;

(Vaddhamana).

Njhd;wpaJ.

m e ; j f ; n f h L i k a py ; , U e ; J k f ; f i s f ; f h g ; g h w ; w T k ; > G j ; j r k a j ; j p d ; N g h j i df i s k f ; f s p i l N a g u g ; g T k ; N f h d f h k h
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-145jd;Dld; nfhz; L vd;w ehl;by; K g ; g j ha p u k ; Mfhaj;jpy; gFjpf;F twl;rp (30>000) gwe;J te;jhh;. rp\;ah;fis Rkd$lfh ey;y kio mtUila mioj;Jf; rf;jpapdhy; nga;J ehL
( Sum anakütaka)

kiyg;

tpyfpaJ.

nropf;fj; Jtq;fpaJ. me;j ,lj;jpy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;j cs;stu;fspy; vd;id Nghy nfhz;L mtiuf; ,q;F kd;dgjp kd;du;>

mwpthspfSf;nfy;yhk; ‘thujPghtpy; jilAk;; me;j xspg;
(Varadipa)

mwpthspahdtu;

mwptpj;jjhh; vtnutUNdDk;

vd;idf; fhz tpUg;gk; ,Ue;jhy; mtu;fs; ve;j tpjkhd ,d;wp clNd epd;W te;J ghh;fyhk;’ ghh;j;j tpiuthf kiyNa gok;gha; n[hypj;jJ Njhw;wk; fhz je;jtz;zk;

,Ue;jtiug; mq;F

kd;dUk; te;jdh;. gytpj

kw;wtu;fSk;

ghpRg;

nghUl;fis me;j mq;F

Jhf;fpf;

nfhz;L

mq;F %yk; kfpo;r;rp

nrd;wtu;fs;> epidj;jdh;. mile;J cztUe;j nrd;whh;.

,lj;jpy; te;j cyf jdJ mioj;J

Mfhaj;jpd; ngUk;

te;jpUe;jtu;fs; cyf topfhl;bahd Njt Jhjh;fs;; vd kd;dDk; te;jpUe;j mioj;J mtu;fis topfhl;bapdiu ehl;bw;Fs; te;j kd;dd;
( Gj;jh;)

mioj;Jr; epidj;jhh;

‘mwpthspfSf;fpilNa kd;dhjp kd;ddhf ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j Jwtpf;Fk; mtUila rNfhjuu;fSf;Fk; Xa;ntLf;f ,e;j ,lk; te;j midj;J rk;Gj;ju; tifapYk; jkf;F nghUj;jkhf , U f ; F k ; ’. Mrdj;jpy; mtu;fSf;F mku Mrdq;fs; Nghl;bUf;f me;j ,lj;jpy; xJf;fg ;gl;bUe;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-146mkh;e;jhh;. te;jpUe;j mtu;fSf;F jd; kf;fs; me;j jPtpd; gy ,lq;fspYk;; gupRg; ,Ue;J k f ; f s ;g y t p j k h d j e ; j dh ; . murDk; te;jpUe;j nra;j nghUl;fis kw;Wk; gy ,d

mku;e;jpUe;jtu;fSf;F gytpjkhd czTg;

m u z ; k i z a py ; nfhz;L

c z i tA k ;

n g h U l ; f i s A k ; j hN d g w p k h w p d h h ; . czT toq;f mUe;jpa me;j mij gpd; ve;j ngw;Wf; me;j ,lj;jpy; nfhz;l top me;j Gdpju;; j h d k hf G+kp rka nfhz ;L

,Ue;jhNuh FYq;fpaJ. Kg;gjhapuk;

,lj;ij

kd;dd; ,lj;jpy;

mtUf;Fj; mku;e;J

Gdpjh;; gpwF kf;fSf;F

nghOJk;; tFf;Fk;

Kf;jpf;F

Nghjidfis rk;Gj;ju; nra;jhh;. k`hehk k h i y a py ; mkh;e;j fiye;J
(udumbara) ( Ka n ta ka n a n da)

Njhl;lj;jpy;; Nghjp kuk;

ehs; ,d;W me;j

KOtJk; cs;s

,Ue;jg;

gpwF> Ngha;

,lj;jpw;Fg;

rk;Gj;jh; mq;F jpahdj;jpy; Mo;e;jhh;. jpahdk; vOe;jtu; ,Ue;J Nghjp jPgfw;gj;jpd; epidj;jhh; gpf;Fdp kuj;jpd; k f ; f S i la ‘c L k ; g u h t p y ;

ed;ikiaf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L

f d ; l f h d e ; j hi t vLj;J tur;

mts; rp\;iafSld; ,q;F tur; nrhy;yp fpisiaAk;

njw;Fg;

gf;f

n r h y ; y p m i j ,q ; F e l N t z ; L k ; ’ ,g;gbahf ,Ue;j me;j nrd;wila ehl;L mtu; mts; kd;dd; kdjpy; me;j clNd k h d r P f k hf miy Nrhghtjp vz;zpf; me;j
(Sobhana)

nfhz ;L v d; w

nghOJ

vz;z

gpf;Fdp ia jd;Dld;

( Sobhavati)

NrhgdhitAk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-147mioj;Jf; Nghjp %d;W ,Ue;J nfhs;s IEhW nfhz;L; xU Nghl jq;ff; mij Ngha; mJ njw;Fg; jhdhf Gwk; glu;e;jpUe;j ngd;rpypdhy; k u j ; j py ; Gijj;Jf; jd;Dld; te;jts; r f ; j p a p d hy ; kuj;jpd; NfhLfs; fpisapd; nfhz;L ,q;F mbapy; mtSila jd;id te;jhs;. nfhz;L; vLj;J

jd;id

tpLtpj;Jf; mts;

tutopf;;fg;gl;l

FLitapy; mioj;Jf;

gpf;FdpfisAk;

e Pz ; b U e ; j G d p j u p d ; t y J i f a py ; N g h j p k u j ; j p d ; f p i s ,Ue;j me;j jq;ff; FLitia itj;jhs;. mij ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jhjflh mij r k ; k p j ; j h t p lk ; je;J k`Nehkh Njhg;gpy;; xU ,lj;jpy; Gijf;FkhW $w me;j kd;dDk; me;j fpisia mq;F el;lhh;. mjd; gpd; rpuprkhyfhtpy; vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fg; mku;e;jthW rka k hw ; w k ; Ngha; mq;fpUe;j ,Ue;J Nghd jd;idr; Rkhh; tlf;F rw;wp nra;jhh;. ,Ugjhapuk; gpwF Nehf;fpg; me;j ,Ue;j kd;dh> (20>000)

ehfkhyfh ,lj;jpy; mjd; kf;fs;

rk;Gj;jh

midtUf;Fk; gadhf rka

Nghjidfis mile;jdh;.

mq;fpUe;J jpahdj;jpy;

tlf ;F Nehf ;fp efu ;e ;J jkf;F K d; ,Ue;j Gj ;j u; nrd;w ,lj;jpw;Fg; ,Ue;J rka jpahdj;jpy; jd;idr; Rw;wp nra;jhh;. (10>000) mkh;e;jhh;. ,Ue;j mjd; vOe;jtu; midtUf;Fk; NkYk; top

Nghjidfis kf;fspd;

gadhf

gj;jhapuk; fpilj;jJ. jhd;

tpNkhrdj;jpw;F

,Lg;gpy;

fl;b

,Ue;j

xl;bahzk; me;j rPluhd

(girdle)

Nghd;w

xd;iw nfhLj;J

kf;fspd; tpl;L

topghl;bw;nfd jd;Dila

gpf;Fdpaplk; k`hRk;ghTld;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-148( M a h a s u m b a ) M a p uk ; g p f ; F f ; f i s A k ; m i o j ; J f ; n f h z ; L

rk;Gj;jh; ,lj;ij r Pl u ; f S l d ; mile;jhh;. %d;whk;

fpof;F

Nehf;fpr; mq;F gpd;

nrd;W

R j h r h k d k h y ht p y ;
( Ratanamala)

( S u d a s s a n a m a l a)

,Ue;j je;jg;

,uj;dkhyh

vd;w Gj;j

mile;jhh;. M f ha j ; j p y ;

kf;fSf;F jd;Dila nrd;W

gytpjkhd rNfhju [k;GjPghit

mwpTiwfisj;

gwe;J

Gj;juhf

mtjupj;jtu;

fhrg;gh

gpuptpy;

t e ; j t U k ; f U i z t s ; s S k h d k h ng U k ; m w p t h s p a h t h h ; . mtUila fhyj;jpy; ,e;j k`hNkf Njhl;lj;jpd; ngah; k`hrhfuh ngah; n[ad;jh vdW ,Ue;jJ. ehl;il vd;gJ. kz;ljPgh te;j
(Mandadipa)

vd;w ngah; efuk;

nfhz;l

Mz;L

kd;ddpd; jiy

(Jayanta)

mtUila

tprhyh (Visãla) vd;w ,lk;. me;j vd;W ,Ue;j Neuj;jpy; nry;Yk; epiyia kd;dd; n[ad;jhtpw;Fk;> nfh^ukhd ghh;j;j gj;J KdptUk; ,Ugjhapuk; Mfhaj;jpy; gFjpapy; ,sturdhd ele;J

mtUila ,isa rNfhjuDf;Fk; ,ilNa tho;th rhth msTf;Fg; vz;zpg; ngw;wpUe;j fhrg;gh mioj;Jf; jd;Dld; nfhz;L vd;w kiyg; Aj;jk; nfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. me;j %lj;jdkhd Aj;jj;jpdhy; Vw;gl r p j ; j p f i s Ak ; fUiz ( 20>000) te;J g w e ; j t hW KOikahfg; ts;sYkhd rp\;ah;fis RgFlh ,wq;fpdhh;. me;j ,lj;jpy; epd;W nfhz;bUe;j khngUk; Kdptu;;>

(Subhakuta)

mwpthspfSf;nfy;yhk;

mwpthspahdtu;

mwptpj; jhh;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-149‘kz;ljPghtpy; tpUg;gk; ,d;wp n[hypj;J gpok;gha; kiy kPJ vd;id epd;W
(Mandadipa)

cs;stu;fspy; ve;j tpjkhd ghh;f;fyhk;’;

vtnutUf;F jilfSk; ; me;j k i y Na xspg; kd;dUk; te;jdh;. NjtJhjh; nrd;w ngUk;

cs;sNjh ,q;F epw;gJ

mtu;fs; te;J Nghy

Njhw;wk; fhz

je;jtz;zk; ghh;j;j tpiue;J mtiu

nfhz;L ,wq;fp

,Ue;jtiug; mq;F te;jp Ue;j

kw;wtu;fSk;

mtiuf;

,Ue;J vd

vd vz;zpf; nfhz;L jk;Kila gilapdu;; ntw;wp ngw Ntz;Lk; kf;fisf; rz;ilia kfpo;r;rp
(Gj;jh;)

gytpj tpae;J

f h z p f ; i f fi s Nghd mq;F te;j cyf kd;dd;

Ve;jpr; kd;dDk; top

fz;L mile;J

kd;dDk;>

,sturDk; fhl;bia epidj;jhh; ,e;j ,lk; me;j

epWj;jpdh;.

te;jpUe;j te;j

cztUe;j jdJ ehl;bw;Fs; mioj;Jr; nrd;whh;. mioj;J rNfhjuu;fSf;F Xa;ntLf;f

mtu;fis ‘te;jpUf;Fk;

m i d j ; J t i f a p Y k ; n g h U j ; j k h f , U f ; F k ; ’. m t u ; f S f ; F mku Mrdq;fs; Nghlg;gl;L ,lj;jpy; nrd;w rk;Gj;ju; Mrdj;jpy; mkh;e;jhh;. me;j jPtpd; gy ,lq;fspYk;; ,Ue;Jk; te;jpUe;j kf;fs; gytpjkhd mtu;fSf;F gy gupRg;
( Gj;j

myq;fupf;fg;gl;bUe;j jkf;F

xJf;fg;gl;bUe;j

nghUl;fis
rNfhjuu;fSf;F

cyf
)

topfhl;bahd murDk;

je;jdh;.

mku;e;jpUe;jtu;fSf;F jd; muz;kizapy; nra;j kw;Wk; ,d kf;fs; nfhz;L te;jpUe;j gytpjkhd czTg; nghUl;fisg; gwpkhwpdhh;. czT mUe;jpa gpd; ve;j ,lj;jpy; me;j Gdpju;;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-150Mku;e;J ,Ue;jhNuh vd;w mNj ,m;j ,lkhd ,lj;ij k`hrhfuh kd;dd; Njhl;lk; mtUf;Fj;
( Mahasagara)

jhdkhf toq;f mij Gdpjh;; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l nghOJk;; G+kp FYq;fpaJ. ,Ugjhapuk; gpwF me;j ,lj ;jpy; mku;e;J nfhz;L (20>000) Gj;ju; Kf;jpf;F top kf;fSf;F

tFf;Fk; rka Nghjidfis nra;jhh;. k`hrhfuh k h i y a py ; mkh;e;j fiye;J Njhl;lj;jpy;; Nghjp kuk; ehs; ,d;W me;j KOtJk; cs;s ,Ue;jg; gpwF Ngha;

,lj;jpw;Fg;

rk;Gj;jh; mq;F jpahdj;jpy; Mo;e;jhh;. jpahdk; vOe;jtu; fUj;jpy; gf;f jPgfw;gj;jpd; k f ; f S i la ‘g p f ; F d p nfhz;L epidj;jhh;

ed;ikiaf; nrhy;yp

R+jk;khit (Sudhammã ) mts; rp\;iafSld; ,q;F tur; njw;Fg; ‘e p f ; N u h j h ( n i g r o d h a ) v d ; w N g h j p k u j ; j p d ; f p i s x d; i w v L j ; J t u r ; nrhy ; y p m i j , q ; F elNtz;Lk;’ ,g;gbahf ,Ue;j ehl;L Nghjp NfhLfs; tpLtpj;Jf; tutopf;;fg;gl;l nfhs;s te;jpUe;j mij I E hW nrd;wila jd;Dld; mtu; mts; kdjpy; me;j jpf;fh xU me;jf; nfhz;L jq;ff; mts; ,q;F clNd k h d r P f k hf miy gdhurp fpf;fp vz;zpf; me;j nfhz;L me;j

nghOJ kd;dhd kuj;jpd; Nghl>

vz;z

gpf;Fdpaplk; vd;w vd;gtiu %d;W ,Ue;J

( Ba ra n a s i)

(Tika king Kiki)

mioj;Jg;

Ngha;

njw;Fg; jd;id

Gwk;

glu;e;jpUe;j

fpisapd; fpis

mbg;Gwj;jpy; kuj;jpy; Ngha; te;jhs;. R+o

mtSila F L i t a py ; vLj;J cld;

rf;jpapdhy; Gije;Jf; jd;Dld; rk;Gj;jupd;

gpf;Fdpfs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-151rk;Gj;jupd; fpis ,Ue;j ngw;Wf; ePz;bUe;j me;j tyJ ifapy; Nghjp k u j ; j pd ; mij je;J el;L me;j jq;ff; xU FLitia mij kd;dd; itj;jhs;. mij

nfhz;l $w

jhjflh me;j

rk;kpj;jhtplk; n[ad;jhTk;

k`hrhfuh itf;FkhW

Njhg;gpy;;

,lj;jpy;

fpisia mq;F el;lhh;. mjd; gpd; ehfkhyfhtpy; vd;w rka mku;e;jpUe;jthW ,Ue;J j d ; i dr ; tlf;F rw;wp Nehf;fpg; ,Ue;j kd;dh> tlf;F nrd;w

mNrhfkhyfh ,lj;jpy; midtUf;Fk; rka Nehf;fp ,Ue;J rka khw;wk;

,lj;jpw;Fg;

Nghd rk;Gj;jh me;j nra;jhh;. mq;fpUe;J Gj;ju;

Nghjidfis gpwF Kd; Rw;wp

mjd; gadhf mq;fpUe;j Rkhh; ehd;fhapuk; (4000) kf;fs; mile;jdh;. jkf;F jd;idr; efu;e;J Ngha; vOe;jtu; ,Ue;j ,Ue;j

,lj;jpw;Fg;

jpahdj;jpy; nra;jhh;.

mkh;e;jhh;. gadhf

jpahdj;jpy; midtUf;Fk; g j ; j h a p uk ;

Nghjidfis

mjd;

k f ; f s p d ; ( 1 0 > 0 0 0 ) tp N k h r d j ; j p w ; F t o p f p i lj ; j J . jhd; kiof;fhf rPluhd mzpAk; me;j Nkyq;fpia kf;fspd; tpl ;L Mapuk; Nehf;fpr; vd;w vd;w Gj;j

topghl;bw;nfdf; jd;Dila nrd;w ,lj;ij r Pl u ; f S l d ; . gpf;Ff;fisAk; rk;Gj;jh; ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy;

gpf;Fdpaplk; nfhz;L
(

nfhLj;J fpof;F

Rghde;jhTld; Rjhrhkdkhyh

( S a b b a n a n d a )>
Sudassanamala)

mioj;Jf;

Nrhkdrhkyhfh mq;F gpd; je;jg;

( Somanassamalaka)

mile;jhh;.

kf;fSf;F jd;Dila

gytpjkhd rNfhju

mwpTiwfisj;

M f ha j ; j p y ; g w e ; J [ k ; G j P g h i t m i l e ; j hh ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-152me;j topapy; te;jtNu Kjypy; te;j ehd;fhtJ ,q;F te;j Gj;juhd nghOJ nfsjk kf;fis G j ; j h ; . m i d j ; J c z ;i k f s p d ; n k h j ; j c U t K k ; f U i z ts;sSkhdtu;> ,uz;lhk; ehfh;fspd; Vw;W mkh;e;J Kiw Jd;gj;jpy; Mo;j;jp te;j al;rpzpfisj; Juj;jpabj;jhh;. nghOJ
( Ka l y a n i)

ehfq;fspd; vd;w

nfhl;lj;ij ,Ue;j miog;ig kd;dDld; Kjypy; tpl;Lr; gpd; yq;fh ehfq;fs;

mlf;fpdhh;.

fy;ahzp

,lj;jpy;

kd;dd; kdpaf;fpapd; Kiwahf mUe;jpa jd; te;j gpd;

(Maniakkhi )

%d;whk; czT

nghOJ

Nghjp

kuq;fs; Gj;ju;fs;

,Ue;j ,lq;fSf;Fr; nrd;Wk;> jw;nghOJ ];Jhgp cs;s ,lj;jpw;Fk; nrd;wpUe;j ghh;j;jg; nrd;W Gdpj gpd; nrd;W %ija rpd;dq;fisg; kdpjh;fNs mq;fpUe;j ghh;j;jhh;. mjd;

jdf;F Ke;ija Gj ;ju;fs; epd;wpUe;j ,lj ;jpw;Fk ; nrd;W ,y;yhj Njtu;fs;> j Pg f w ; g j ; j p w ; F r ;

Nghd;wtu;fSf;Fk; mwpTiwf; nfhLj;jg; gpd; jd;Dila rNfhju Gj;jkhiu mioj;Jf; nfhz;L thdj;jpy; gwe;J nrd;W [k;GjPghit mile;jhh;. ,g;gbj;jhd; nrd;w
(180)

kd;dh>

,e;j

,lk; MfNt

ehd;F kd;dh>

Gj;ju;fs; ,e;j

te;J

,lkhf mb

cs;sJ.

,lj;jpy; clypy; itj;Jg; m i w Ak ;

N`kkhyp (Hemamali) cau tuj; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;l

vd;w ngahpy; Rkhh; Ehw;wp vz;gJ ];JhgpAk;> Gdpjg; Gj;jh;fSila nghUl;fisAk; mstpy; rpwpa

ghJfhj;J

Njitahd

vOg;gg;gl Ntz;Lk;’ mijf; Kd;tu Nfl;l kd;dd; Njuh jhNd me;j ];Jhgpia ‘k d ; d N d > vOg;g cdf;F

mtuplk;

$wpdhh;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-153mij tpl Kf;fpakhd gy N t i y fs ; cs;sd. MfNt cd; topj; Njhd;wy;fs; mjhtJ cd;Dila rNfhjudpd; giltPudhf vd;gtu;> kfd; kd;ddhf gyrhypAk; mga;ah cs;s k`hdkh gpd;
(M a hanam a)>

cdf;Fg; gpd; mtUila gpd;

k d ; d d h f g ; N g h f p d ; w a j ; j y a h fj p ] ; ] h ( Y a t t h a l a y a k a t i s s a ) mtUf;Fg; Nfhjiga;ah ,Uf;Fk; rpwe;j
(Abhaya)

kd;ddhf

,Uf;Fk;

( Go t h ab h a ya)>

mtUf;Fg;

mtUila murDkhd

kfd;

fhfthdjp];]h k f dh d fhupaj;ij

( K a k a v a n n a t i s s a) >

j j ; j f h k pa p l k ; ( D u t t h a g a m i n i ) g a p d ; w t U k ; cd;Dila ,e;j Nghd;wtu;fs;

epiwNtw ;Wthh;fs ;’. Njuhtpd; fy;ntl;L mwpTiwfisf; xd;iw Nfl;l kd;dd; mjpy; me;j Njuh ,lj;jpy; Nkw; $wpa

itj;jhh;.

m i d j ; J n r a ; j p fS k ; f l ; l i s g ; N g h y g j p f ; f g ; g l ; l d . m j p m w ; G j k h d r f ; j p f i sg ; n g w ; w p U e ; j N j u h k ` h N k ` h k d ; d dp l k ; G+kpia vl;L CUf;Fs; CUf;Fs; t Pl ; b w ; F r ; Njhg;gpw;Fr; Nghjpj;j gpd;; ,Ue;J GFe;J nrd;W nrd;W nrd;W mUfpy; Njhg;gpid Nghy ngw;Wf; fhl;rp mjd; nfhz;lJk; flNy tifapy; murdpd; ee;jdh kf;fSf;F R+j;jpuj;ij Njhg;gpw;Fr; ,lq;fspy; te;jJ g p l ;i r FYq;fr; ngw;whh;. nra;jhh;. jUk; gpd; gpd; vd;w

czT

mUe;jpa

mq;fpUe;j ,Ue;j

Mapuk;

mf ;fpf ;fz;Nlhghkh ( Agg i kk h a n d ho p am a) nrd;W Xa;T vLj;jhh;. %d;whtJ mUe;jpa ehSk; gpd; kd;ddpd;

k`hNk`h

,Ug;gplj;jpy; nrd;W

czT M a p uk ;

ee;jdh

Njhg;gpw;Fr;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-154mrptpRghkh
(Asivisupama)

vd;w

R+j;jpuj;ij

Nghjpj;jg;

g p d ; j p ] ; ] u k h T f ; F ( T i s s ä r ä m a ) f p sk ; g p r ; n r d ; w h h ; . m j ; j i d N g h j i df i s A k ; m t u ; g f ; f j ; j p y ; , U e ; J N f l ; l kd;dd; rkak; $wpdhh; vy;iyfs; ele;J mtuplk; ,q;F ‘mJ Nfl;lhh; ‘ GdpjNu> ePq;fs; mjw;F ,j;jid ek; Njuh tpoh Nghjidfs; nra;J cs;sPh;fNs > mtw;wpd; gadhf epiyj;J epw;Fkh? ’ > me;j ,g;nghOJ kw;w e l f ; f hJ . cNgh];jh Mdhy;

ehl;bd;

vOg;gg;gl;L

( uposatha)

Kbe;jJk;>

kjj;jpdUila

e i l K i w f i sg ;

ghh;j;Jk; ek;Kila Gdpju; ep;idj;jJ Nghy ek; rkak; ,q;F epiyj;J epw;Fk;’ ‘mwpthspNa>

ehd;

Gj;jUila

Mizia

Vw;fpd;Nwd;.

,e;j ehl;bd; vy;iyia ePq;fNs tFj;Jj; jhUq;fs; ’ vd kd;dd; vJtiu mijf; Njhg;gpy; Nfl;f ‘k d ; d h > mij ePNajhd; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. vdf; rw;Wk; ee;jdh vy;iyia Nfl;l kd;dd; itj;jpUf;f ‘ ed;wp’ fpsk;gp tpUk;Gfpd;wha; vd;W $wptpl;L Nghy

$wpdhy; ehk; rkaj;ij epiy ehl;LNthk;’ vd;whh; Njuh. jhkjpf;fhky; Njtu;fspd; ,Ue;Jf; j i y ti d g ;

k`hNkftduhkh

(Mahameghavanarama) vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;whh;.

ehd;fhk; ehs; kd;ddpd; tPl;by; cztUe;jpa gpd; ee;jdh Njhg;gpw;Fr; mdhkhl;lfh moptw;w nrd;w Njuh mq;F vd;w %thapuk; Nghjid Ngh;fSf;F mjhtJ nra;jhh;.
(Anamatagga)

Nghjidia>

tho;tpd;

epiyiag;

g w ; w pa

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-155mjd; efu; KOtJk; gpd; me;j mq;fpUe;J nrd;whh;. tpfhuhTf;Fs; md;W elf;f fpsk;gpatu; f h i y a py ; j h d ; ,Ue;j tpoh k`hNkftduhkhTf;Fr;

gw;wpa nra;jp jz;Nlhuh Nghl;L mwptpf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jJ. g y ; N tW M g u z q ; f i s m z p e ; J n f h z ; L , u j j ; j p y ; V w p a kd;dd; jd;Dila mikr;rh;fs;> tu> FLk;gj;jpdh; nrd;wJ. ejpapd;
gFjpia (Kadamba-

Nghd;w gy

midtUlDk;

Ch;tykhf

mtUila

,ujKk;

t Pj p f i s A k ; f l e ; J m e ; j t p f h u h T f ; F s ; kd;dd;
river)

xU

tl;l

tbtkhd
( ehl;bd;

flk;gh
vy;iyg;

xU

g F j p a py ; mile;j

Muk;gpj;J

,d;ndhU

gf;fkhf

kW

Kidia

mwptpg;gJ

Nghy ) gpd;

tpfhuhit mile;J Njuhit tzq;fp ep ;d;W

kupahijfis nra;jhh;. Kg;gj;jp ,uz;L khyf;fh vd;w mstpy; jhNd efhpd;

vy;iyfisf; gpd; gpd; Jhguhkh

F w pf ; F k ;

tpjj;jpy; vd;w

v y ; i y f s py ; Njuhtpd;

G+kpia rpwpJ Njhz;b fy;ntl;Lf;fisg; gjpj;jhh;. mjd;
(Thuparama)

khngUk;

m w p T i w g ; g b c s ; S u ; v y ; i y fi s Ak ; K i w g ; g b g j p j ; j g ; t p f h u h T f ; F r ; n r y ; y > v y ; i y fs ; e p u ; z a p f ; f g ; g l ; L t p l ; l i j f ; F w p f ; F k ; t i f a p y ; G + k p FY q ; f p a J . Ie;jhk; vd;gij jhfj;ij ehsd;Wk; kd;ddpd; t Pl ;b y ; czT mUe;jpa mij nrd;W

gpd; Njuh ee;jdh Njhg;gpw;Fr; nrd;W f[;[dPa Rj;jdh
( K h a j j a n i y a - s u t t a n t a)

Nghjpj;jhh;. Njhg;gpw;Fr;

Mapuf;fzf;fhdtu;fSf;F Nghjpj;J mtu;fSila mwpT ePf;fpa gpd; k`hNk`h Xa;ntLj;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-156Mwhk; ehSk; ehsd;W kd;ddpd; tPl;by; czT mUe;jpa gpd; ee;jdh Njhg;gpw;Fr; Rj;jdhit ePf;fpag;; tPl;by; nrd;W nrd;w Nghjpj;J k`hNk`h mUe;jpa vd;w nrd;W NghyNt czT Njuh mq;F Nfhkahgpz;b mijAk; mwpT nrd;W ehsd;W ee;jdh
(Gomayapindi-sutta)

Nghjpj ;jhh;. m t u ; f S i la Njhg;gpw;Fr; ehSk; Njuh gpd;

Mapuf;fzf;fhNdhh;F gpd; Xa;;ntLj;jhh;. k d ; d dp d ; Njhg;gpw;Fr; mijAk; mJ

jhfj;ij

VohtJ

jk;kf;fhf;fg;ghthl;ldh R+j;jhit Nghjpj;j Xa;;ntLj;jhh;.

( D h a m m a c a k k a p p a v a t t a n a - s u t t a n t a)

Nghjpj;jhh;. gpd;

M apuf;fzf;fhNdhh;f;Fg;

k`hNk`h

Nj h g ; g p w ; F r ;

, g ; g b a h f v O e h l ; f s p y ; m e ; j N j u h v l ; l h a p u j ; J I E hW ( 8 5 0 0 ) N g h ; f i s rka k h w ; w k ; n r a ; j hh ; .

Gdpj Nghjidfis nra;j me;j ee;jdh Njhg;G gpd;du; N [ h j p t d h ( J o t i v a n a ) v d m i o f ; f g ; g l ; l J . m j w ; f p i l a py ; jp];]uhkhtpy; (Tissäräma) Njuh jq;Ftjw;F x U ghriw mtrukhff; Rlg;gl;ld. rw;W gpd; fupa Nghjp fl;lg;gl;lJ. jq;Fk; ,lk; epwj;jpy; kuk; itf;f m j w ; n fd ntspu; ,Ue;jjpdhy; mq;F vd;w xU GJ nrq;fy;fs; ,y;yhky; ngau; jq;Fk; mUe;j epwj;jpy;

mjd;

f h y g h r j h g h p t p d h ( K a l a p a s a d a p a r i v e n a) v d M a p w ; W . m j d ; , l j ; i j Ak ; > czT ,lkhf rhyfh NyhfghrjhitAk;
(salaka-house) ( Lohapasada)>

f l ; b l j ; i j Ak ; mjd;

fl;bdhh;. mij xU mq;F

Nyhfghrjhit
( D e v a n a m p i y a t i s s a)

Kjypy; epWtpajhfTk;>

Njtehk;gpajp];]hjhd; g p d ; d Nu fl;bajhf jtpw

khw;wp gpj;jisf;fl;blk; (House of Bronze) vd;w ngahpy; jj;jfhkdp nra;jpAk;
(Dutthagamani)

vd;gtu; kd;dd;

c s ; s J.

me;j

mijj;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-157mw;Gjkhd gpw tiff;fhd fl;bdhh;. fl;lg;gl;l
(Sunhätaparivena)

fl;blq;fs;> Fspay; vd;w nra;J

,uTk; gfYk; ,lk; mUfpy; miw

Xa;ntLf;Fk; Njuhtpw;fhf

miwfs;> me;j Fspay;

Fspay;

Nghd;wtw;iwf; r d ; ` _ j g h p td h ,lj;jpd; Njuh ngah;

miwf;F nfhz;L ,Ue;j vdTk;>

ngah; itf;fg;gl;lJ. me;j Njuh jpahdk;

eilg;

gapw;rp

jpffq;fkd;dh

( D ig h a c a ñk am a n a)

nra;a gad; gLj;jpa> midtUf;Fk; kd epk;kjpia je;j , l j ; j p d ; n g a h ; g h y f ; f g u p t d h ( P h a l a g g a - p a r i v e n a) v d T k ; > Njuh Rtw;wpy; rha;e;J nfhz;L mku;e;jpUe;j ,lj;jpd; n g a h ; N j u h g h r a ; a g u p t d h ( T h e r a p a s s a y a - p a r i v e n a) v d T k ; > Njuhtplk; gy Njtu;fSk; te;J ciwahb tpl;Lr; nrd;w ,lj;jpd; vdTk; kz;lgk;; ,lk; ngah; Mapd. fl;bdhh;. KUfhd mi j j ; jsgjp guptdh jtpw vl;L
(Marugana-parivena)

Njuhtpw;fhf Jhz; te;J nfhz;l jq ;fpa

me;j jdp me;j

kd;dDila

g i lj ;

mwpthspfs;

jpfre;jdNrdhgjp

(Dighasandasenapati-parivena )

guptdh vd;w ngaiu; mile;jJ. ngUk; ehl;L mwpthspAk;> kd;dd; Njuh Fiwaw;w k`pe;jhit FzKk;; nfhz;l me;j

,g;gbahf

nfsutpj;J

K j d ; K j y p y ; y q ; f h t p y ; G j ; j t p f h uh i t m i k j ; j h h ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; gjpide;jhk; ,ize;j top ghfkhd Gj;j ‘ gf;ju;fspd; fUzh k ` h t p ` h uh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

Vw;fg;gl;lJ ’ vd;w gFjp ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-15816 :
k`hNk`h k d ; d dp d ; gpl;ir ,Ugj;jp jq;fpa ,Uf;f Rj;jdh rpbah epWt

nrbagg; g jh tp`huh Vw; G
Njhg;gpy; tPl;by; ,Ue;j Njuh> me;j ehl ;L nrd;W
(Asalha)

cztUe;jpAk;> fopj;jhh;.

efUf;Fs; mry;jh

vLj;Jk; MW

kf;fSf;F

Nghjidfis

nra;jthWk;

ehl;fisj;

khjj;jpd; ngsu;zkp gpiw jpdj;jpy;> mtu; mq;F te;J gjp%d;whk; N t z ; b a j pd ; ehsd;W mtrpaj;ij kd;dDf;F vd;w tpopg;Gld; nra ;j czh;j;Jk; k`hghkj Nghjidia xU

( M a h a p p a m a d a - s u t t a n t a)

gpd; mq;fpUe;Jf; fpsk;gp kprhf kiy vdg;gLk; md;iwa kiy Mir
( C e t i y a - m o u n t a i n)

gFjpapYk; thry;

tpfhuhit mq;F

n f hz ; L ;

fpof;F

topNa

nrd;whh;. kd;dDf;F Njuh fpsk;gpr; nrd;w nra;jp njhpa tu mtu; jd;Dila tz;bapy;
tank)

,uz;L Vwp

kidtpfisAk; gpd;

mioj;Jf;

nfhz ;L Kd;

mtiu

njhle; jhh;.

mjw;F

mq;F nrd;wpUe;j Njuh ehffhl;Lf;fh vd;w (Nagacatukkavd;w Fsj;jpy; Fspj;jg; gpd; kiy Vwp cr;rpf;Fr; mq;F mtiu re;jpj;j kd;dd; mtUf;F f L i k a hd njhptpf;f ‘k d ; d h > ‘e P q ; f s ; ,j;jid nrd;wpUe;jhh;. tzf;fq;fisj;

nta;apypy; vq;fisj; njhlu;e;J ePAk; Vd te;Js;sha;?’ vdf; Nfl;l ‘ Njuhtplk; tUj;jKw;W vd;whh; jpBu; vdf; gpd; ,e;j fpsk;gp , l j ; j py ; ‘ tpl;ljpdhy; te;Njd; cq;fisg; ‘ehq;fs; njhlh;e ;J

kd;dh;.

’ CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-159kiof; fhyj;ijf; fopf;f te;Njhk;’ vd;w Njuh ‘ Gj;j gpf;Ff;fs; tpfhuhtpy; ntspapy; kiof; jq;fp gazk; fhyj;jpy; ,Uf;f xd;wpize;J me;j $lhJ vjhtJ vd;w xU Gj;j Ntz;Lk;. f h y j ; j py ;

Nkw;nfhs;sf;

rkaj;jpd; tpjp Kiwia vLj;Jf; fhl;bdh;. ,jdpilNa
( M a h a r i t t h a)

kd;ddpd; ehl;bd; Ik;gj;jp Ie;J

kUkfDk;> ,isa

k`hupl;lh jd;Dld; %j;j mq;NfNa kw;Wk;

Kjyikr;rUkhdtu; cgNjrj;ij

te;jpUe;j

rNfhjuu;fSld;

gg;g[;[h

n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; L Jw t p a h a p d h ; . mq;F te;j me;j kd;dDk; vd mq;F fz;lfh rpbah

( Ka n ta ka - c e t iy a)

gpw;fhyj;jpy;

miof;fg;gl;l>

g h i w fi s g ; g a d ; g L j ; j p f l ; l g ; g l ; l m W g j ; j p v l ; L F i f , y ; y q ; f i s mi k j ; J f ; n f h L j ; j h h ; . ghiwfspdhy; fl;lg;gl;l me;j jq;Fk; ,lq;fs;

j a h u h d J k ; mry ;j h ( A s a l h a) nfhLj;jhh;. jpUk;gpr; jq;fp te;jdh;. tho;tpd; Kg;gj;jp Kjyhtjhf midj;J ,uz;L mjd; gpd;

khj ngsu;zkp jpdj;jpy; jd; muz;kizf;Fj; mq;F vLj;J gpl;ir

me;j kd;dd; mq;F te;J mtw;iw Njuhtplk; jhdkhff; kd;dd; kpf;f nrd;whh;. fUiz CUf;Fs; Njuhf;fSk;

,Ue;jthW

nrd;W

epiyfisAk;

fle;J

epd;w
(mälakas)

Njuh > vd;w

khyf;fhtpw;Fk; mikj;jg; jk;ghU

tpfhuhtpw;Fk;

v y ; i y fi s epWtg;gl;l

gpd;>

mtw;wpy;

(Tumbaru)

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-160khyf;fhtpy; gg;g[;[h cgNjrj;ij Vw;f Kbahky; Nghd gyUf;Fk; rpbah cgrk;ghjhit kio Nghjpj;jpUe;jhh;. fhyj;jpy; mJ Nghy mq;F kiyapy; kd;dDld;

te;jpUe;j mWgj;jp ,uz;L Ngh; mu`d;jhf (Jwtp) khwp k d ; d dp d ; k j p g ; i g f ; $ l ; b d h ; . m j d h y ; m q ; F $ b , U e ; j Njtu;fSf;Fk;; kdpjh;fSf;Fk; me;j Njuhtpd; kPJ ,Ue;j khpahijAld; $ba kjpg;G ,d;Dk; cau;e;jJ. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk; gjpdhwhk;;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

g h f k h d ‘n r b a g g ; g j h t p ` h u h

V w ; G ’ v d ; w g Fj p , g ; g b a h f e p i w T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-16117:
kiof; nra;J gy ,q;F fhyk; Kbj;jhh; ngsh;zkpapy;

Gdpj rpd; d q; f s;
Kbe;jJ. fhh;j;jpfh Njuh. tpl;Nlhk;. mtUila ‘r k ; G j ; j u ; vdf;Ff; gpd;du; mt u ; ve;j khjj;jpd; kd;did epidthf rpd;dKk; ‘ v df ; ehk; epg;ghdhit rlq;if (pavarana-ceremony)

ghtuhdh khngUk; fopj;J

mioj;Jf; $wpdhh; ‘ kd;dh> ehk; Gdpjh; rk;Gj;ju; ,d;wp M z ; L fi s f ; ekf;F tzq;Ftjw;F vd;wtuplk; j hq ; f s ; ‘mtUila tpLk; ’ e Pq ;fs ; Fwpj;J

,y;iy’ ngw;Wtpl;lij Nfl;l cs;sJ mtUila my;yth. kd;dplk;; vq;fpUf;Fk;

$wtpy;iyNa

kd;ddplk; Nghyhfp

Gdpjr; vd;whh;

rpd;dq;fis Njuh. Gdpjr;

itj;Jf; nfhz;lhNy mtiu ek;Kld; itj;Jf; nfhz;L ‘ehd;jhd; $wpNdd; vd;w Nfs;’ rpd;dq;fs; epidthf MfNt ‘, J ];Jhgpia mikg;gjhff; Ntz;Lk;’ MNyhrid

mtUila fz;lwpa Rkd;dhtplk;

vd;gijf;

v d ; w h h ; N j u h . ‘n g U k ; k j p g ; g p w ; F w p a tNu > G d p j r p d ; d q ; f s ; vg;nghOJ Nfl;lhh;. ‘efuj;ijAk;> fpilf;Fk; mjw;F vd;W $Wq;fs; ’ gLj;jp vd me;j kd;dd; $ w pdh h ; tpoh rhkNdu moF Rkd;dh

tPjpfisAk;

elf;f ePjhd; nghWg;G vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. gl;lj;J ahid kPNjwp> ntz; rhku Koq;f ,d;W gQ;rG+j vd;gij > cd; khiyapy; epyfspy; ed;F nry;. ,Ue;J FilAlDk;> Nksjhsq;fs; k`hd`h vg;gb ngw;Wf; Gdpjr; G+q;fhtpw ;F ,t;Tyfpd; nfhs;tJ rpd;dq;fs; jd;id tpLjiy gupthuq;fSld;

czu;e;jpUe;jtUila

’ CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-162mq;F nra;J cdf;Ff; Kbf;Fk; nrd;W eP fpilf;Fk;’ mq;fpUe;Jf; rhNku Rkd;dhit fpsk;gp mq;F rpbah tUkhW kiyf;Fr; nrd;w Njuh jdf;F ,l;l Ntiyia nrt;tNd mioj;jhh;. tpohTf;F $W mtu; ‘: mtuplk; $wpdhh; mq;Fs;s ehq;fs; Gj;j te;j Gj;jupd; ‘G g ; g g ; G u h cd;Dila ,e;j gpd;
(Pupphapura)

ghl;ldhUk;> nra;jpiaf; g p d ; j hd ; fhyk; kw;Wk; gy

kd;dUkhdtuplk; Kjypy; ];Jhgpia cd;dplk;

$wpajhf rkaj;jpy; gpl;irg; g pw

,ize;jg; ghj;jpuk;>

e p u ; k hz p f ; f ,Uf;Fk;

Ntz;Lk;.

mjd; Gdpjr;

cgNahfpj;J

r p d ; d q ; f i s Ak ;

vd;dplk; ju Ntz;Lk;:- ’ m t u p l k ; , U e ; J m i j g ; n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; l g p d ; m e ; j G d pj ghz;lj;jpy; itj;Jf; rhf;fhtplk; mtUila nfhz;L (Sakka) midj;J eP ‘: Gdpj rpd;dq;fisAk; j i y t uh d ,e;j kd;dh> mij vLj;Jr; $W Njtu;fspd; nrd;W Njtu;fspd;

vq;fSila

Ntz;LNfhisf;

cq;fsplj;jpy; cs;s %TyfKk; Nghw;Wk; Gj;jupd; tyJ fz; Gwj;jpd; fPo; cs;s gy;> kw;Wk; tyJ Njhs;gl;il vYk;G Nghd;wit vkf;F Ntz;Lk;. yq;fhtpw;F jhq;fs; nra;a Ntz;ba ,e;jf; flikia kwe;J tplhjPu;fs;:-’ mijf; $wptpl;L rhyh kuj;jpw;F Nfl;l kuj;jpd; rhkdPuh tpoh mbapy; nrd;W ‘ mg;gbNa nra;fpd;Nwd;’ ele;j nfhz;L Gj;jiupd; vdf; Nghjp ,Ue;j

fl;bfh

(Kattika-festival)

,lj;jpy;

epd;wpUe;jgb nrYj;jpf; $wp Njuh

k h p a h i j fi s

jk;kNfhrhtplk;

mDg;gpa

nra;jpiaj;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-163njhptpj;jg; rpd;dq;fis nfhz;lg; nrd;whh;. gpd; mq;F gpd; mtuplk; gpl;ir kiy ,ka ,Ue;J Gj;jUila G d pj ngw;Wf; fpsk;gpr; mDg;gpa me;j ghj;jpuj;Jld; mbthuj;Jf;F Njuh nrhy;yp

nrd;wtu;

nra;jpia Njtu;fspd; jiytuplk; $wpdhh;. mijf; Nfl;l rhf;fhTk;> NjtNyhfj;jpy; ,Ue;j Gdpj

Myaj;jpw;Fs; nrd;W Gj;jUila tyJ Gw Njhs; gl;il vYk;ig vLj;J te;J mtuplk; nfhLf;f n f h z ; L m t u ; N j uh t p l k ; t p i u e ; j h h ; . md;W k`hehf rpd;dq;fs; k d ; d dp l k ; khiy kd;dd; j d ; D i la n r d ; w hh ; . me;j mjdhy; Njuh gupthuq;fSld; me;j Gdpj ngah; kprhf mjw;Fg; kiyapy; mij vLj;Jf;

G+q;fhtpw;F nfhLj;jhh;.

midj;ijAk;

rpbahkiy vd Mapw;W. G d p j r p d ; d q ; f S ld ; , U e ; j g h j ; j p u j ; i j A k ; N j h s ; g l ; i l vYk;igAk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L KjypNyNa V w ; g hL nra;ag;gl;l ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;whh;. ‘,e;j ,ijf; nfhz;L jho;e;jJ mkUk;’ kd;dd; Gdpj rpd;dk; cz;ikapy; vd;Dila ntz; rhkuf; ghj;jpuk; jd; GdpjUilaJ Kl;b jiy Fil vd; kPJ kd;dd; ,Ue;jhu;. vd;why; N g h l ; L f; rpuk; te;J Nghy G d pj kPJ

fz;lTld; mkUk;> vd mstw;w

ahid

jhNd

FdpAk;> me;j m k pUj j ; i j

vz;zpathW Mde;jj;jpy;

g a z p j ; j hu; . me;j

Njtghdkhd

njspj;jJ

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-164rpd;dq;fs; jiy ,Ue;j kPJ nfhz;l itj;Jf; ghj;jpuj;ij nfhz;L me;j me;j gpspupaJ. mjpu;e;jJ. g u pt h u q ; f s ; Gdpj thq;fpf; nfhz;L jd; Ngha; ahidapd; rp d;dq;fs; KJfpy; , Ue ;j

mk;ghupapy;

ghj;jpuj;ij itj;jhu;. mt;tsTjhd;. gl;lj;J G+kp Njuhf;fs;> ahis

mq;fpUe;J fpsk;gpa ahid kw;Wk; gpw thfdq;fs; gpd; njhlu kPz;Lk; fpof;Fg;Gw njw;Fg;Gw ,Ue;j thapy; thapy; topahf topNa cs;Ns ee;jdh ( Thüpäräma) nrd;W Njhg;gpy; vd;w

Nkw;Fg;Gwk;

Jguhkh

,lj;jpypUe;j Nghjp kuj;ij Nehf;fpr; nrd;wJ. mg;nghOJ ,lj;jpy; ];Jhgh Gdpj cs;s ,lk; flk ; g h kuq;fspdhYk; , U e ; j j p d hy ; > Kw;wpYkhf me;j Gdpj kdk; m ij

nrb nfhbfspdhYk; Gjh; Nghy glu;e;J ,Ue;jJ. me;j rpd;dq;fs; epd;w Njuh $w itf;fg;gl me;j ,lj;ij mJtiu NjtJhjh;fs; fhj;J

Rj;jg;gLj;JkhW Nfl;f> ,y;yhj me;j

rpd;dq;fis ve;j ,lj;jpy; ,wf;fp itg;gJ vd kd;dd; cauj;jpy; ,Ue;jij fPNo Njuh> me;j ahid msT caukhd ,lj;jpy; ,wf;fp itf;f cauk; jw;fhypfkhf vj;jid cs;sNjh

itj;jpUf;f mwpTWj;jpdhh;. xU gf;fk; me;j ,lk; Rj;jg; Fsj;jpy; gLj;jg;glj; ,Ue;J Jtq;f>

,d;ndhUGwk;

mga;ah

fspkz;iz

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-165vLj;J gpd; tur; nrhy;ypa ahid kd;dd; ahidf;F me;j mUfpNyNa Gdpj rpd;d m j d ; c a u j ; j p w ; F x U f s p k z ; J h i z v O g ; g p d h u ; . mj d ; me;j KJfpy; ,Ue;J ghj;jpuj;ij caukhd me;j Jhzpd; kPJ itj;jhu;. m e ; j a h i d i a me ; j J h Z f ; F f h t y h f m q ; N f N a e p w ; f itj;jg; gpd; me;j Gdpj rpd;dj;ij fl;lj; rpwg;ghd N t i y a hl ; f s ; me;j Vw;ghLfs; nfhz;L rf nra;a nrd;whh;. itf;f ,Ue;j ];JhJhgpia Mizapl;lhh;. fl;lj; Jtq;f> Kbf;fj; ke;jpupfis NjuhTk; cldbahff; mjd;gb kd;dd; J t q ; F k hW ];Jhgpiaf; nra;J j d ; D i la ,jw;fpilNa k`hNkf rlq;if

Njitahd mioj;Jf; jd;Dila

gpl;Ff;fSld;

Njhg;gpw;Fr; nrd;W Xa;ntLj;jhh;. fhiyapy; ahid Rw;wp me;j ,uT fhty; fspkz; mjd; gf;fj;jpNyNa Gdpjr; epd;W nfhz;bUe;j ,lj;ij nfhz;Nl Kbj;J

KOJk;

rpd;dk;

,Ue;j ele;J fl;b

fhj;jpUe;jgb Jhiz tpl

epjhdkhf

, U e ; j J . N j u h t p d ; f l ; l i s g ; g b m e ; j k d ; d d ; ] ; J h g pia cauj;jpy; m i d j ; J g f ; f q ; f s pY k ; , U e ; j k f ; f S f ; F G d p j r ; r p d ; d k ; itf;fg;gl;L; ,Ue;j nra;jpia nrhy;yp mDg;g md;iwa jpdj;jd;W ngUk; jpushd kf;fs; gy gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; te;J Fkpop ,Ue;jdh;. midtUk; te;jpUe;j ,Ue;j epd;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

nghOJ

jpBu; vd KJfpy;

Gdpjr; rpd;dk; ,Ue;J N k Ny M f h a j ; j py ;

ghj;jpuk;

ahidapd;

vOk;gp VO jyh Jhu mstpy; (seven tälas)

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-166me;j mjpraf; fhl;rpiaf; fz;ltu;fs; nka; rpypu;j;J g; Ngha; epd;wdh;. mjpy; ,Ue;J nfhl;ba kioAk ;> kpd;dYk; yq;fhit Mf;ukpj;jd. I e ; J f z ; f i s A k ; K O i k a h fg ; n g w ; w p U e ; j G d p j G j ; j h ; jhd; kuj;jpd; FLitapy; fpisfspy; ntspNaWk; gdp glu;e;j epghkh njd; te;J ,Ue;J m e ; j f; epiyia nra;jhh;. gFjpf; mJ fpis vl;ba vd;d mg;gb nghOJ vdpy; ‘: gpupe;J Ie;J Nghjp xU mjd; j Pu ; k h d q ; f i s

jhdhf ,iyfSk;>

mkUk;. ntsptUk; fpis

mku;e;j

goq;fSk; xU

MW tz;zkakhf fhl;rp gpuNjrj;jpy;

m s p f ; F k ; . m j p y p U e ; J j h d hf fz;fSf;Fj; VO njhpahky; ehl;fSf;F ,Uf ;Fk ;.

v d ;D i l a N j h s ;g l ;i l v Y k ;i g J h g u h k h t p y ; ( T h u p a r a m a) itj;jTld; mJ Mfhaj;jpy; v Ok;gp kpje;jthW ,uz ;L Njhw;wk; vLj;J mJ jUk; mjpraj;ij N`kkhypfh vOk;gp ntspg;gLj;Jk;. xU rpbahtpy; k p j e ; j th W v d ; D i la itj;J khwp cz;ikahd Gdpjr; rpd;dj;ij FLitapy; Gj;juhf

tug;gl;L Mfhaj;jpy;

itf;fg;gl;lhy;

, u z ; L N j h w ; w k ; j U k ; m j p r a j ; i j nts p g ; g L j ; J k ; : - ’ jhlfjhtpd; me;j vz;zj;jpd;gbNa me;j Gdpjr; rpd;dk; mw;Gjj;ij te;J ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. jiy kPJ mJ mku> nghOJ mJ kl;Lk; mtu ; my;y NknyOk;gp Mfhaj;jpy; kpje;j mJ gpd;du; fPo; ,wq;fp k d ; d dp d ; Nguhde;jk; me;j mjpu;e;j nfhz;L G+kpapd; Gupe;J k f po ; r ; r p Ml;lKk; nfhs;s nts;sj;jpy; ep;d;wJ. KOfpdhu;. mJtiu

rpd;dj;ij rpbahtpy; itj;j Kbahjit>

Gj;ju;fspd; Nghy

mw;Gjq;fs; m t u ; f S i la

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-167cs; xUtu; Gupe;J kdJk; Gupe;J nfhs;s K b a hj i t > vd;d mtu;fs; kPJ ek;gpf;iff; nfhs;s itg;gjpdhy; vd;w gad; fpilf;Fk; xUtuhYk;

v d ; g i j m t u ; k P J e k ; g p f ; i f i t j ; J s ; s t u ; f s p d h y ; $l KbahJ cz;ikia G h p e ; J n f h s ; s K ba h J . me;j mw;Gjj;ijf; NkYk; mioj;Jg; fz;ltu;fs; mjpkhapw;W. Ngha; Gdpju; kPJ ,Ue;j ,isa M a p uk ;

ek;gpf;if egh;fis

k d ; d dp d ; jd;Dld;

rNfhjuu; khl;liga;ahNth

(Mattabhaya)

gg;g[;[h

cg Njrj;ijg;

ngw;Wf; nfhz;L muz;kiz thrj;ijj; Jwe;jhh;. mJ Nghy rPltpfhkh kw;Wk; ( C e t ä v i g ä ma ) >
(Viharabija)>

Jthukz;lyh fy;yg;ggPjh
(Upatissagama)>

( D v a r a ma n d a l a ) >
( G a l l a k a p i t h a)

tp`hugP[h vy;yhk;

cgb];]hfhkh te;jpUe;j ngw;Wf; nfhz;L

Nghd;w gg;g[;[h k PJ

,lq;fspy;

IEhW

Ngh;fs;;

cgNjrj;ijg; ek;gpf;ifia cgNjrj;ijg;

jhlfjhtpd; ,g;gbahf ,Ue;Jk;

jkJ

ntspg;gLj;jpdh;. ntspapy; ngw;Wf;

muz;kizf;F gg;g[;[h

cs;spUe;Jk;>

nfhz;ltu;fSila

vz;zpf;if Kg;gjhapuj;ijj; (30>000) jhz;baJ me;j kd;dd; gpd; JHguhkhtpy; eiffs; fiyQu;fs;> m w ; G j k hd Nghd;w mikr;rh;fs;> ];Jhgpia efu fl;b g up R g ; kf;fs;>

Kbj;jg;

gytpjkhd

nghUl;fis

ehl;L kf;fs;> vd midtUf;Fk; toq;fpdhu;. Kd;G mNj ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;j tpfhiug; NghyNt kPz;Lk;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-168gy fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpwF Jhguhkhtpy; mNj n g a up y ;
( J h g u h k h ) x U t p f hu h i t A k ; k d ; d d ; m i k j ; j h h ; .

,g;gbahf

kdpj

Fyj;jpd;

Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk;>

tpNkhrdj;jpw;Fk; top fhl;Lk; epghdhit mile;J tpl;l G j ; j u p d ; G d p j r ; r p d ; d q ; f s ; m q ; F i t f ; f g ; g l ; b U f ; i f a py ; mtu; KbAk;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top ghfkhd Gj;j ‘Gdpj g f ; j u ; f s pd ; fUzh rpd;dq;fs;’ ek;Kld; trpf;ftpy;iy vd vg;gb epidf;f

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

g j p Nd o h k ; ;

v d ; w g Fj p , g ; g b a h f e p i w T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-16918:
Njuh Vw;ghL me;j $wpaJ nra;a

Nghjp kuk; te; j fij
midj;Jk; Ntz;Lk;. kd;dd; mJ epidtpy; ,Ue;jd. j d ; D i la k d ; d d; k U k h Dk ; >

Nghjp kuj;ijf; nfhz;L tuTk;> Njhpia mioj;J tuTk; kiof; fhyk;. nra;j jd;Dila ke;jpupfSld; mku;e;jpUe;J MNyhrid fhupaj;ij Kbf;f

mikr;rUkhd mhp`pj;hit mDg;g KbT vLj;jhh;. mg;gb KbT nra;j gpd; mtiu mioj;Jf; KbAk; mDkjpAld; kWg;G gpd; Njup rw;Wk; te;j $ w pdh h ; vd;why; Nghjp $whky; gg;g[;[h

‘md;GilatNd> jk;kNfhrhtplk; kuj;ijg; mioj;J tu ngw;Wf;

cd;dhy; n r d ;W KbAkh? mtUila ’ nfhz;L nfhz;L;;>

r q ; f k p j ; j h i t Ak ;

‘Nkd;ik kpf;f kd;dh> ehd; epr;rakhf mtuplk; nrd;W ,uz;ilAk; n g w ;W f ; cgNjrj;ijAk; Vw;Ngd;’ vd;whh;. mijf; tsu; Nfl;L k fpo ; t i l e ; j Njuhtplk; kd;dd; mtiu clNdNa tpil kpf;f Njuh

mq;F mDg;gpdhh;. me;j m];]A[;[ khjj;jpd; (Assayuja) gpiwapy; ,Ue;Jk; kd;ddplKk; ,Ue;J fle;J ngw;Wf; Mu;tj;Jld; nfhLj;jpUe;j mile;jhh;. ‘ – : v e ; j c a p i u Ak ; n f h y ; y f ; $ l h J > k w ; w t u ; f S i l a n r h j ; i j m g f h p f ; f f; $ l h J > f w ; i g , o f ; f f ; $ l h J > ng h a ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

nfhz;L fpsk;gp>

[k;GNfhyhtpy; ngUk; fliyf;

rf;jpapdhy;

md;iwf;Nf

Gg;ghGuhit

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-170nrhy;yf; cyf $lhJ> $lhJ Nghd;w $lhJ> Nghij Jwf;f ghdq;fs; Ntz;Lk;> mUe;jf; eiffs; nghd;> fil $lhJ> mzpaf; cwq;ff; nts;spg; $lhJ : –’ gpbf;fj; F w p g ; g p l ; l N t i s fs p y ; k l ; L N k c z T m U e ; j N t z ; L k ; > ,d;gq;fisj; kw;Wk; gj;J myq;fupf;fg;gl;l ve;j guprhfg; Gj;j gl;lj;J Rfkhd gLf;ifapy; nfhs;sf; Vw;fdNt gg;g[;[h thopit ehis me;j

tpjj;jpYk; ngw;Wf; ,uhzp Jwtp tUk;

nghUl;fis Jtq;fp,Ue;j xU gFjpapy;

rgjq;fis

cgNjrj;ijg; Nkw; IEhW vjpu; nfhs;s gzpg; ghh;j;J tpfhuh

n g w ; W j h D k ; k Q ; r s ; c i l a z p e ; J m e ; j e f u p d ; v j h tJ mikjpahd Mtypy; jpUk;gp tho;e;J mtu; Ntz;Lk; MtYld; me;j vd;w j d ; D i la gpd;du;

ngz;fSld;

fhj;jpUe;jhs;.

fd;dpkhlj;jpy; cgrpfh

rNfhjupfs;

t e ; j j p dh y ;

(Upäsikä-vihärä) vd;w ngah; ngw;wJ. k`hupj;jh mq;F nrd;W kd;dd; jk;kNfhrhit re;jpj;J Njuh vd; kw;Wk; ehl;by; jd;Dila kd;dd; mDg;gpa nra;jpiaj; n j h p t p j ; j g ; g p d ; ‘a h i d i a g ; N g h d ; w g y k ; k p f ; f k d ; d h> cd;Dila fl;Lg;ghl;il ngw;Wf; mtSf;F mDg;gp> ez;gupd; nfhs;s mJ fpilf;f Nghjp nry;y kidtpahdts; gg;g[;[h MtYld; vd;Dld; njd; ju kuj;jpd; fLikahd cgNjrj;ijg; fhj;jpUf;fpd;whs;. gpf;Fzp gFjpapd; xU; Nkw;n fhz;L

rk;`kpj;jhit

fpisiaAk;

vLj;Jr;

mDkjp

Ntz;Lk;’ vd;whh;. mNj nra;jpia NjhpaplKk; nrd;W $w mtSk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-171jd;Dila mioj;jjpd; ‘Vw;fdNt Rkd;dhitAk; je;ij mNrhfdplk; me;j Njuh jd;id Nfl;ltu; kw;Wk; ,Uf;Fk; f h u z j ;i j f ; vd;Dila gpupe;J $wpdhs;. tpl;l mijf; k`pe;jh

Ngud;fshd

Nrhfj;jpy;

v d ; d h y ; c d ; i d A k ; g p u p e ; j p U f ; f K bA k ; ’ v d ; w h h ; . mts; kjpg;Gf; $wpdhs; ‘ vd;Dila Ntz;Lk; nfhs;s my;y rNfhjuupd; kd;dh> MtYld; nja;tPf thh;j;ijf;F gg;g[;[h fhj;jpUf;Fk; kuj;jpd; mijf;

nfhLf;f

MfNt

cgNjrj;ijg; Ntz;Lk;. fpisia mJ

ngw;Wf; kl;Lk;

ngz;fSf;F mij cgNjrk; nra;a clNd ehd; fpsk;g Nghjp vg;gb ntl;b vLf;fhky;

nfhz;L nry;tJ’ vdf; ftiyAld; Nfl;f me;j kd;dd; jd;Dila mikr;ru; k`hNjthtpd; mwpTiwapd;gb Gj;j gpf;Ff;fis vdf; Njuh nghOJ mi o j ; J mg;gb mtu;fSila mDg;g mtrpak; mwpTiwia ,y;iy vd;w vLj ;j mt Uf ;F ehbdhh;. me;j Nghjp kuj;ij KOtJk; mDg;gp tplyhkh Nfl;tuplk; nkhfypg;Gl;lh nra;jpUe;j Gj;jh; jhd; epg;gdhit gw;wp;

jPu;khdj;ijg;

tpsf;fpf; $wpdhh;. mijf; Nfl;L kpf;f kfpo;r;rpAw;w VO Nahrid gpd; kd;dd;> ePskhd xU me;j Nghjp

kuj;jpw;Fr; moF nra;a

nry;Yk; kuf;

r h i y f is mtw;iw F L i tia mij

Jg;Gwg;gLj;jr; gLj;jp;

nrhy;ypa

gytpjj;jpYk; itf;f tur; nrhd;dhh;.

fpisia vLj;J

jq;fj;ij

tp];tfu;kh vd;w miof;fg;gl;l jl;lhdplk; je;J Nghjp k u f ; f p i s i a i tf ; f F L i ti a j a h u p f ; F k h W $ w p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-172vj;jid vdf; $wpdhh;. n g h p a j hf Nfl;ltdplk; me;j jd; mtDk; me;j cd; kdJf;F FLitia kdJf;F nra; Njhd;wpa mstpy; nra;a ve;j vd Ntz;Lk; msT kd;dd; xU

Njhd;Wfpd;wNjh

mstpy;

jq;ff; FLitia nra;J nfhLj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;whd;. me;j FLitapd;
msT)

msT Rw;wsTk; mjd;

xd;gJ Ie;J tha;

fpA+gpf;fpw;F fpA+gpf; Fl;b %d;W xU

(xU

Fwpg;gpl;l

MoKk; a h i d a pd ; Nahrid mzpr; ,lj;ij nra;J tz;zg; Vw;ghL fhdk; gl;lj;J ,U Kd; gpf;Fdpia

nfhz;ljhf jq;ff;

,Ue;jJ. VO

mstpy; ,Uf;f R+upaidg; Ngh y kpd;dp jfjfj;jJ me;j FLit. Nahrid ghijapy; tFj;J Nghjp mjw;F ePsKk; mtUila epw;f kuk; mstw;w Nridapdu; ,ir kw;Wk; jd;id mfyKk; mioj;Jf; jLg;Gf;fs; tzq;fpa nfhz;l mzp nfhz;L Nghl;L> gpd; ehd;F

Nridapdu;

kd;dd; ,Ue;j

mile;jhh;. me;j kuj;jpid Rw;wp ,Ue;j gFjpia Rw;wp myq;fhuk; gy;NtW fUtpfs; Mapuk; Rw;wp Nghjp epw;f kuj;jpd; mtUila

G+f;fis mjd; kPJ Jhtp tzq;f KjypNyNa nra;ag;gl;bUe;jgb Koq;f> Mapuk; vd $g;gp ,sturh;fs; iffisAk; g y ; N tW gpf;Ff;fs; gyUk;

itj;jpUe;jgb

nrd;W epd;whu; kd;dd;. vd;d ehY mjprak;. fpA+gpf; me;j tzq;fp Nghjp ePs kuj;jpd; njd; gFjpapy; ,Ue;j fz;l ,Ue;j kd;dd;

msT mw;Gjf; cdf;F

fpisapy; fhl;rpiaf; vd;

,iyfs;

kiwe;jd. ‘cd;id

ehl;ilNa

jUfpd;Nwd;’

v d k f po ; r ; r p A l d ; c u j ; j F u y p y ; N g h j p k u j ; i j N e h f ; f pf ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-173$tpdhu; kd;dd;. mLj;J me;j Nghjp kuj;ij ,lkpUe;J tykhf tzq;fp> Nghl;L Kk;Kiw G+f;fs;> tzq;fpdhh;. xU Rw;wp jq;fk; mjd; Nki[ Ntz;LNkh Rw;wp me;j xU te;J> gpd; vl;L me;j ,lq;fspy; kuj;jpd; fpis epd;W kPJ Nghd;wtw;iw jUtpj;J me;j rptg;G mij msT

njhq;fpa jq;fjpdhy; f p i sa p d ; NfhL epd;W

cauj;jpw;F myq;fupj;J ve;j Nghl;lg; msT gpd; mbg;Gwjijr; tzq;fpdhh;.

mjd; kPJ jq;ff;

FLitia itj;jg; gpd; ngd;rpypdhy; nrd;W

kuj;jpd;

mbapy;

‘ G d p j h p d ; N g h j i df s ; t Y t h f e p W t g ; g l T k ; = y q ; f h t p d ; ed;ikf;Fk; kuj;jpd; ePq;fs; jhdhf mq;F nry;y Ntz;Lk;’ tpyfp vd mq;F gpuhu;jid nra;jgb kd;dd; epd;W nfhz;L ,Uf;f me;j fpis kuj;jpy; ,Ue;J i t f ; f g ; g l ; L , U e ; j j q ; f f ; F L i t a py ; j d ; m b g ; G w j ; i j itj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. me;j ntl;bf; kd;dd; ngd;rpdhy; Nghl;l NfhLld; kz;zhy; xt;xd;wpy; xt;xd;wpy; Njhd;wp jd;id epwg;gp fPo; ,Ue;Jk; ,Ue;Jk; tiyg;

nfhz;L %d;W

thridahd nrd;W NfhLfs; ; me;j Ntu;fSk; me;j fpisf;F

itf;fg;gl;l gj;J Nghd;w

FLitapy;

mku;e;j

fpisapd;

Nghlg;gl;bUe;j jbkdhd gj;J-gj;J

Ntu;fSk;>

nky;ypa Ntu;fis

Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ.

me;j mw;Gjj;ijf; fz;l kd;dd; mstw;w re;Njh\ j;jpy; Nghjp kuj;ijg; Nghw;wp Fuy; vOg;g mJ NghyNt mq;F $b ,Ue;j Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSk;> kf;fSk; Nfh\ k; vOg;gpdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-174,g;gbahf itj;Jf; fpA+gpl; ,Ue;J gj;J fpA+gpl; cau mstpyhd nrbapy; fpisfs; me;j Nghjp ehd;F mjpy; k u j ; J f p i s E h W N t u ; f S l d ; j d ; i d j q ; f f ; F L i y a py ; nfhz;lJ. ePs mstpy; te;jpUe;j vLj;Jf; me ; j Ie;J ,Ue;J Njhd;wp rpW

Mapuf;fzf;fhd fhl;lhf

f p i s f s py ; kf;fspilNa

,iyfSk;> goq;fSk; Njhd;wpd. mJNt Nghjp kuj;jpd; kfpikf;F mike;J e k ; g p f ; i fi a N k Y k ; t Y g ; g L j ; j p a J. me;j ehj epfo;rp xyp> eilngw;wTld; kw;Wk; G+kp gpw FYq;fpaJ. Njtijfs; Muthu Muthuk;> mjpu;tpd; mike;J fye;J kuk; VO gy;NtW tho;j;jp Nfh\ k;> nghOJ vd ,Ue;jJ. n[hypf;f> jq;ff; ehl;fSf;F f z ; f S f ; F k;

m w ; G j q ; f s ; e l e ; j d. x N u r k a j ; j p y ; n j a ; t q ; f s ; , i r j ; j gpUk;kh Nfh\q;fs;> vOg;gpa kpd;dy; kw;Wk; xNu Rupa xUNru vOg;gpa gwitfs; Nkfq;fspy; vOe;j Xir midj;Jk; tpj Gj;jh; gdp a l ; r p z p f s pd ; fhdq;fs;> mbj;J ,b G+kpapd;

Mfhaj;jpy; Xir

,bf;fg;gl;l

RUjpapy; fpuzj;Jld; me;j gwe;J

me;j Nghjp kuj;Jf; fpisapy; ,Ue;J ntsp te;j MW tz;zq;fs; tpUg;gg;gbNa Mfhaj;jpy; me;j gle;j N gh j p nrd;W vtUila

FLitAld;

gpuNjrj;jpy;

Gyg;glhky; ,Ue;jJ. jd;Dila ,lj;jpy; gupRfis me;j Mrdj;jpy; VO me;j ehl;fs; Nghjp kPz;Lk; ,Ue;J kuj;jpw;Ff; gpd; ntspapy; ,wq;fp te;J kd;dd; m e ;j gy

Kfhkpl;bUe;j gdpg;Gif te;J

fhzpf;ifahf;fpdhh;. k i w e ; j T ld ; midtUk;

mLj;j VO ehl;fSf;Fg; Nghjp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-175fhZk;gb njhpe;jJ. me;j mw;Gjkhd fhl;rpfs; kf;fspd; kdjpy; Mr;rupaj;ij Vw;gLj;jpd. jd;Dila kfpo;r;rp G+i[fs; ehl;by; Nghjp ,g;gbg;gl;l kuj;ij xU thu mjpra fz ;l epfo;r;rpia ngUk; mjw;F

ntspg;gLj;jpa nra;J

kd;dd; xU

mile;J

,d;Dk; jhdq;fs;;

fhyj;jpw;F

toq;fpAk;

tpohthfNt

m e ; j e p f o ; r p i a n f h z ; l h b k f po ; e ; j hu ; . m r A [ h k h j j ; j p y ; c N g h j ; r t h c w ; r t k ; K b e ; J g j p d hY ehl;fs; Md gpd; mq;fpUe;J fpsk;gpr; nrd;w k`hupj;jh Nghjp kuj;jpd; fpis nfhz;l jq;ff; FLitia ngw;Wf; Njtdhk;gpajp];]tplk; nfhLf;f mtUk; nrd;whh;. rhyh gytpj gupRf;fis mijg;

nfhz;L Njhpy; itj;J gtdpahf jd; efUf;Fs; vLj;Jr; midtUf;Fk; Gwj;jpy; toq;fpdhh;. me;j Nghjp f h j ; j p f h k h j j ; j p d ; t s u ; g p i wa p y ; m e ; j N j h g ; g p y ; , U e ; j kuj;jpd; gjpj;J mUfpy; G+i[fs; nghpa fpof;Fg; kuj;ij Nghd nra;jhh;. Nghy gjpNdohk; mij ehsd ;W Nghjp

mjpy; ,Ue;J NkYk; gy fpisfs; Njhd;w FJfypj;Jg; kd;dDk; tpoh elj;jp kuj;ij tzq;fyhdhh;. ,g;gbahf me;j m w ; G j k hd

Nghjp kuk ; nja;tpfj;ij me ;j jPt py; jd;Dld; nfhz ;L te;jpUe;jJ. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top ghfkhd Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh t e ;j kuk;

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

gjpndl;lhk;

‘ Nghjp

fij’ vd;w gFjp ,g;gbahf epiwTw;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-17619: Nghjp kuk; ];jhgdk;
Nghjp Cw;wp kuj;ij tu xU ngw;Wf; FOit vl;Lf; je;jhh;. Ngh;> Ngh;> nfhz;L te;j ,sturu; mij

gazj;jpd;

nghOJ

ghJfhj;J

fz;fhzpj;J mjw;fhf jq;fk; FLk;gj;jpy; FLk;gj;jpy;

jz;zPu; mtu;fs; kw;Wk; ,Ue;J ,Ue;J vl;L vl;L

epWtpdhh;. fpz;zk; mur

xt;xUtUf;Fk; nts;spiaj; gjpndl;L gjpndl;L Ngh;> Ngh;>

mjpy;

mikr;ru;fs; gpuhkzh;fs; vl;L Ngh;> gwit gpupTfspy; gpupitr; me;j gjpndl;L topahf

FLk;gj;jpy; ML-khL gpbg;gtu;;>

,Ue;J

tpahghupfs; fOij

Nka;g;gtu;

kw;Wk; Nghd;w

kz;ghz;lk; ,Ue;Jk; ,Ue;jdh;. itj;J> V w ; w pf ; xU

n r a ; g t u ; > n e r t h s p > g p w n j h o py ; f i y Q u ; f s ; > e h f h ; f s ; > al;rpzpfs; xt;xUtu; jhd; te;j xt;xd;wpy; kuj;ij vd gy N r h ; e ; j tu ; f S k ; Nghjp

fg;gypy; te;j kiy

rq;fkpj;jhTld; nfhz;L tpQ;ruh

gpf;FzpfisAk;

( Viñjhä-m o u n ta i n s)

thuj;jpy; jhkypl;bf;F (Tamalitti) te;J Nru;e;jhh;. =yq;fhtpy; kuj;jpd; Mk; mDuhjGuj;jpy; mbapy; cs;s M y k uk ; ; me;j vLj;J Nghjp k u j ; j pd ; tug;gl;L capu;

k u j ; i j r h h ; e ; j i tj h d ; . M w h k ; E h w ; w h z ; b y ; G j ; j h ; v e ; j Qhdkile;jhNuh kfspdhy; kuNk fpisia el;L tsu;f;fg;gl;lNj me;j Mykuk;. fp:K 288 Mz;by; mNrhfUila elg;gl;l mDuhjGuj;jpy; thOk; MFk;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

me;j

jw;nghOJ

kuq;fspy;

Kjd;ikahdJk;

kpfg;

goikahdJk;

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-177ehfu;fs;> Nghjp gpd; nfhz;L kuj;Jld; ,wq;fpaJ. Njtijfs; kw;wtu; vd xU mij thu nfhLj;j nghOJ> nfhz;L fly; fg;gypy; gyUk; topgl;l me;j gpd; jiu kuk; gazj;jpw;Fg; kd;dd; me;j fhz

Vw;wp mDg;gp itj;jg; tpe;jpa Nghjp me;j

mijf; ,Ue;j nrd;W

kd;dhjp kPz;Lk; ,Ue;j

kiymbthuj;jpy; ,Ue;j fq;ifapy; jhd; gazk; nra;J topapy; fg ; g i y f ;

mjw;F jd; tzf;fq;fis kPz;Lk; njhptpj;jhh;. khfrPuh mjDld; Fyj;ij tUk; kw;Wk; tiu khjj;jpd; vLj;Jg; topj; mij tsu; gpiwapy; me;j Nghjp vl;L kuj;ij kd;dd; cau; Njup fg;gy; tsu;e;J

mq;fpUe;J

Nghfr;

nrhd;d kuk; vl;L

kd;dhjp fOj;jsT

Jizf;F

m D g ; g pa p U e ; j $wp

rhh;e;jtu;fis me;j mtUld; te;jpUe;j

guhkhpf;Fk;gbf;

,Ue;jhh;.

gpf;Fzpfis

mbj;jsk; tiu jhNd mioj;Jr; nrd;w kd;du; Kf;fpa ke;jpup k`hupl;lhtplk;; $wpdhh; ‘ ehd; %d;W Kiw me;j kuj;jpw;F G+i[fs; nra;Njd;. mJ Nghy cq;fs; gpd;; ehl;L kd;dDk; mjw;F cupa vd; ez;guhd kupahijia

mspj;J tzq;Fthh; vd ek;Gfpd;Nwd; ’ ,g;gbahff; $wpa N k Y k ; ‘R + u p a f p u z x s p N g h y g j ; J r p j ; j p f i s Ak ; n [ hy p j ; j Nghjp vd k uk ; ,d;W ,q;fpUe;J topa nry;fpd;wNj’ fz;fspy; fz;zPu; itj;jpUe;J fpsk;gpr;

e j p f ; f i ua p y ; e p d ; W k d ; d d ; G y k ; g p d h h ; . Nghjp Gyk;gpa me;j kuj;ij fg;gypy; mDg;gptpl;L jd; kpje;jthW tUfpd;NwhNk j i y e fUf ; F j ; Nghjp kuk; vd m OJ Jtq;f

j k ; k N f h rh

jpUk;gpdhh;.

nry;yj;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-178x U N a h r i d J h u m s t p w ; F e j p a p d ; e P u ; m i k j pa h f X b f ; nfhz;bUf;f> Ie;J tz;z jhkiug; G+f;fs; top vq;Fk; G+j;Jf; FYq;fp mJ nrd;w ghijf;F mo$l;l> ,aw;if vOg;gpa ,d;g ehjj;jpy; nky;y me;j fg;gy; efu;e;jJ. top Nghjp ,Ue;j me;j nra;a> me;j kpf vq;Fk; gy Njtijfs; njhptpj;Jf; jkJ jhk; jkJ tzf;fq;fis ,Uf;f> nfhs;s fUld; Nghd me;j flypy; Kaw;rp Nghy

kuj;jpw;F ehfq;fs; Nghjp rq;fkpj;jh fUlidg; f\;lg;gl;L gpd;

nfhz;L vLj;Jf; xU xU

ke;jpu

rf;jpia

cgNahfpj;J

kuj;jpid

jd;id gPjp

cU khw;wpf; nfhz;L mtw;iw gaKWj;jpj;; Juj;jpdhs;. ghh;j;J Njhpia mile;j ,Ue;j j i y tu ; ehfq;fs;> mJ re;jpj;J jk;ik kd;dpf;Fk;gb kuj;jpw;F njhptpj;J nfhLj;J tpl;L Nghjp gpd;

kd;whbd. gytpjkhd gy tpjg; kupahij

ru;gq;fs; ehfu;fspd; kw;Wk;

gpuNjrj;ij me;j mjw;Ff; gpuNjrj;ij mjd;

neUq;fpaTld;

G + i [ fs ; ghpRg; nra;J nry;y

t z f ; f q ; f i sj ;

nghUl;fisAk; jk;Kila top tFj;jhh;.

ghJfhg;ghfr; Nru;e;jJ

kuk; mg;;nghOija rpNyhd; vd;w [k;GNfhyhtpw;F te;J

Njtdhk;gpajp];]htpw;F nfhz;bUg;gjpd; mjdhy; khjj;jpd; fiuapy; ngUk; te;jpwq;Fk; ,Ue;J tptuj;ij

rhkdPa Kd;dNu ,Ue;j

Rkd;jh kd;dd;

jhd; Nghjp

te;J k uk ;

mwptpj;J

,Ue;jhh;. khfrPuh rKj;jpuf; ghijfis

kfpo;rpapy; ehs;

Fiwthf ,Ue;Nj ,Ue;jhh;.

,U e ; j j p d h y ; xU khjkhf te;jile;j Njhpapd;

Muk;gj;jpy; $wp

[k;GNfhyhtpw;F

r Pu i k f ; F k ; g b f ;

r f ; j p a pdh y ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-179rKj;jpuf;fiuapy; mw;Gjkhd Njup> md;iwf;Nf jpUk;gpdhh;. Nghjp ,ilNa kd;dd;> cau;Fy itj;Jf; kuk; te;jTld; Nghjp ngUk; Muthu Nfh\q;fSf;F m i l e; j g j p d hW kPJ mq;fpUe;j rhh;ghf epfo;rpia jiy $lj;ijAk; Njhpapd; Njhd;wpa mikj;jhh;. rf;jpapdhy; r K j ; j d g hl r h y h mjd; gpd;du; me;j
(Samuddapannasälä) vd;w ,lj;jpy; Nghjp kuj;ij tuNtw;f

kw;w

Njuhf;fs;>

jd;Dila

g u p t h u q ; f S ld ; [k;GNfhyhTf;Fj;

f Oj ; j s T me;j kf;fs; nfhz;L mij

ePupy;

,wq;fp mij

fg;giy te;jpUe;j jd; te;J me;j

kuj;Jld; flw;fiuf;F

R+oe;jpUf;f ,wf;fp

i k j h dj ; j p y ; tzf;fq;fis

jd;Dila gpd;

murpd;

mspj;jhh;.

mjd;

nfhz;lhLk; tifapy; %d;W ehl;fSf;F tpoh vLf;FkhW $wpa gpd; me;j Nghjp kuk; cs;s ,lj;ijg; ghJfhf ;f jd;Dila ehl;by; ,Ue;J gjpdhW Ngiu epakpj;j epakpj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. gj;jhtJ itj;Jf; jhDk; mike;j mile;jJ. midj;J Vw;ghLfs; ,uz;lhk; ehfq;fspd; ehsd;W nfhz;L fye;J Nghjp kuj;ij gpd;du; xU , ujj;jpy; nrd;whh;. me;j kf;fs; czT Neuj;jpy; nghOJ Vw;wp m j py ; ,ujk; Kjy; mUe;j Gj;ju; vg;gb gpd; jd;idAk; Eiothapypy; fhtYf;F cs;s xU fhtyuhf

Cu;tykhf cs;s

vLj;Jr; ,lj;ij midtUk;> tiu> me;j te;j

nfhz;lhh;. ,lj;jpy;

fpof;Fg;

gFjpapy;

,uh[hq;fk; me;j Gj;j

rNfhjuu;fs; ,Ue;jJ. rpNyhDf;F

nra;ag;gl;L K i w a hf nfhl;lj;ij

jd;Dila

gj;J

r f ; j p a p d hy ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-180mlf;fpdhh; vd;w tptuj;ij Njuh k`Pd;jh kd;dDf;F vLj;Jiuj;jhh;. mijf; mtUf;F Nfl;L kfpo;e;J Nghd kd;dDk; vq;nfy;yhk; $wpdhh;. jtf;fh

G j ; j u ; t p [ a k ; n r a ; j p U e ; j h N u h m e ; j , l q ; f s p y ; v y ; y hk ; epidTr; rpd;dq;fis mikf;FkhW Nghjp kuj;ij vLj;J te;j Cu;tyk ; gpuhk;kd; ,lq;fisf; mUfpy; Cu;tyk; fle;J top gjpdhd;fhk; mile;jJ. KOtJk; ehs;

vd;w fpujhkj;jpy; Eioe;J mq;Fk; ,q;Fkhf ,Ue;j gy mDuhjGuhtpw;F gfYk; me;j Nghlg;gl;L> ,Ue;jJ. N t i s a py ; topNa ntspNawp ,lj;ij rhh;e;j k uk ; ,Ue;j te;j Ciu ,uTk;

Nfhyq;fs;

,ujj;jpd; kPJ G+f;fs; Jhtg;gl;L> topfs; mid j;jpYk; Njhuzq;fs; Cu;tyk; Eioe;J> kuj;ij mzpe;J ,ujj;jpy; mDuhjGuj;jpd; fl;lg;gl;L khiy njw;Fg ;Gw itf;f myq;fupf;fg;gl;L rhAk; Eio thapy; mikj;J mur thapy; topNa ,Ue;j tk;rj;ij Nghjp nghOJ Eio

tlf;Fg;Gw

k`hNk`thduhkh vd;w ,lj;jpy; Gj;j gpf;Ff;fs; Nghjp Kd;dNu m i l e ; j J . m e ; j , l j ; i j m i l e ; j J k ; g y ; N t W e i f fs ; n[hypj;jgb ,Ue;J te;jpUe;j Kd; gjpdhW Ngh;fSld; Nru;e;J kd;dd; me;j Nghjp kuj;ij ,wf;fp fhyj;jpy; , U e ; j , l k h d x U F w p g ; g p l ; l , l j ; j p y ; i tj ; j h h ; . mij fPNo itj;jJjhd; jhkjk;> me;j kuk; vz;gJ

fpA+gpf; cauj;Jf;Fg; gwe;J nrd;W mq;F epd;wpUe;jgb MW tz;z kpF xspf;fjpiu tPrpw;W. me;j jPitj; jtpw me;j xsp gpUk;kNyhfk; tiu gutp R+upad; k i w Ak ; tiu ,Ue;jJ. mq;F $b ,Ue;j gj;jhapuk; kf;fs; me;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-181mw;Gjkhd mtu;fs; fhl;rpia gg;g[;[h mDgtpj;J cgNjrj;ijg; ghh;j;jgb ngw;Wf; epd;wdh;. nfhz ;L

m u ` d ; j h f k h w ,U e ; j d h ; . k h i y a py ; R+upa m];jkdk; Jtq;f Nghjp kuk; fPo;

,wq;fp te;J Gkpapy; jd;idg; gjpj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mJ N u h ` p z p e l ; r j ; j p uj ; j p d ; j p d k ; . F L i t a p y ; , U e ; J n t s p te;j R+o;e;J mjDila nry;y me;j nfhz;L nfl;bahd ,Ug;gJ ,Ue;jd. Nghjp jpirfspy; Ntu;fs; Nghy me;j kuk; me;j F L i t A ld ; FLitia G+kp me;j fU ];jhgpj;Jf; t h i rd gpd; epyj;jpw;Fs; FYq;fpaJ. kuj;jpw;F jputpaq;fs; Rw;wp me;j gdp kuNk ehs;

Neuj;jpy;

jd;id G+f;fs;

nfhz;lTld; gy

,Ue;Jk; te;jtu;fs; Jhtp> mjd; kuk; VO

jPghuhjid gilj;J kio

nra;J>

topgl;ldh;. me;j

Nkfq;fs; R+O ngUk; kio te;jJ. mLj;J me;j kuj; ij nghopa fz;fSf;Fj; ehl;fSf;F ,Ue;j gpd; thup njhpahky; vl;lhtJ ,iwj;jgb njhpe;jJ. Nghjp ku ];jhgd gpf;Fdp Nghy mJ tpohtpy; kd;dDk; fye;J jd; nfhs;s juh KOikahf fz;fSf;Fg; gdp tpyf> kuk; Nghjp kiwe;jJ. MW

Gyg;glhky; kf;fSila

tz;zq;fis

fz;fSf;Fj;

k`Pd;jhTk;> nrd;wdh;. mq;F

rq;fkpj;jhTk;

me;j

,lj;jpw;F fz;ldfhkh

gupthuq;fSld;

nrd;whh;.

f[ufhkh

(Kajaragama)>

(Candanagama)

> g p u k ;k d ; j p t f ;f h ( B r a b m a n T i va kk a) > F b ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;ifapNyNa

kf;fs;> Nghd;w midtUk; mNj ,lj;jpy; te;jpUe;jdh;. mg;gb te;jtu;fs;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-182me;j kuj;jpd; fpof;Fg; gFjpf; fpisapy; gOk; f h a ; j ; J j ; n j h q ; f pa m j p r a j ; i j Ak ; m t u ; f s ; f z ; l d u ; . N j u h m e ; j j q ; f f ; F L i t A l d ; $ b a k u j ; i j k d ; d dp l k ; je;jhh;. k`hrhdh ,lj;jpy; kuk; vl;L mijg; el;lhh;. ngw;Wf; n f hz ; l gpd;du; kd;dDk; mij m e ;j c a uk h f
(Mahääsana)

vd;W

miof;fg; gl;l

midtUila

Kd;dpiyapYk; fpA+gpf;

Ntu;fSld;

ehd;F

Njhd;wpaJ. me;j xU vl;L ,sk; ngupa Nghjp nrb kuf; epoypy; ,Uf;FkhW
( fd;W

mjd;
)

jiy

kPJ Nghjp

ntz;rhkuf;

Filia

mikj;jhh;.

t e ;jpUe;j

fpisfspy;

Kjypy;

kuk; ,Ue;j ,lkhd [k;GNfhyhtpy; xd;iwAk;> gpUk;kd; jtf;fhtpd; xd;iwAk;> xd;iwAk;> kiy> elg;gl;lJ. Nah[id el;ldh;. rk;krk;Gj;jhtpd; eyDf;fhf NkYk; mJ Nghjp gyUk; Nghy Kaw;rpapdhy; kuk; elg;gl nfhz;L rq;fkpj;jhtplk; ngw;Wf; ,sturu; mhpl;lhTk; gg;g [;[h me;j ,Ue;J mu`d;jhf jd;Dld; cgNjrk; j P g f w ; g j ; j p d; mtUld; gg;g[;[h k h w pdh ; . I E hW ngw;W fpuhkj;jpy; ];Jhgp ,Ue;j kw;Wk; xd;iwAk;> ,lj;jpy; Jhguhkhtpy; rpbah ,];]hurhk;duhkhtpy;
( Issarasamanäräma)

xd;iwAk;>

f[hufhkh>

fz;lfhkhtpy;

x t ; x d ; W k hf

Mdhy; gpd;du; me;j Jhuj;jpy; ,Ue;j

Nghjp kuj ;jpd; e h d ;F g y ; N tW tpfhuhf;fspy;

goq;fspy; ,Ue;J te;j Kg;gj;jp ,uz;L fd;Wfis xU

mDyhTk;>

cgNjrj;ijg; Ngh;fis

mioj;Jg;

Ngha;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-183mu`d;j; mjDld; Mapdh;. te;j Nghjp kuj;ij vLj;J te;j n g h OJ ku vl;L tpahghupfs; rq;fkk; ‘N g h j p

r q ; f k ; ’ ; v d ; w n g a h; n g w ; w J . cgrPftp`huh ( Up äsik ä v i h ä r a) vd;w ngaupy; mike;jpUe ;j fd;dp khlj;jpy; rq;fkpj;jh te;jhs;. jd;Dila mts; rNfhju JwtpdpfSld; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; kuj;ijvLj;J jpir jpUg;Gk; Nghd;wtw;iw `l;l`yhfh ,Ue;J Kaw;rpapdhy; xd;wpy; kuk;> Nghjp ftrk;

mq ;F gd;dpuz ;L fl;blq ;fs; fl;lg ;gl;ld. m jpy; %d;W tha;e;jJ. te;j Rf;fhd; me;j gpf;Fzpfspd; mtw;wpy; gha; kw;Wk; fg;gypd; k w ; n w h d ; w py ; epidthf

%d;whtjpy;

fg;gypd;

i t j ; j p U f ; F k ; g b f ; $ w p d h s ; . Nk Y k ; g p d ; d u ; N j h d ; w p a g y
(Hatthälhaka-bhikkhunis)

cgNahfj;jpw;fhf kw;wit gad; gLj;jg;gl;ld. flk;gh k d ; d dp d ; ahidf;F ahid nghOJ ,Ue;j czit jaq;fhky;
(Kadamba)

kyu;f; ahid Ngha;

n f h b f s; mq;F

Gj;Jf; ,Ue;j

FYq;fpa ehl ;L Nghy;

FSikahd

,lj;jpy; gl;lj;J xj;Jg;

itf;fg;gl;L

me;j

jd;

,\ ;lk; me;j cz;z mtu; kl;LNk kd;dd;

ele;J jpupe;J nfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. me;j FSikahd ,lk; , U e ; j j pdh y ; czit nghOJ fl;bdhy; tpl ,lj;jpy; kWj;j m j w ; f hd ahid ,dp rw;Wk; ahidf; Nfhl;lj;ij mikj;J ,Ue;jdh;. xU ehs; me;j jdf;F mijf; ,lj;jpy; cz;Zk; me;j Nghlg;gl;l Nfs;tpg;gl;l Nfl;l $wp ];Jhgpia vd;W ,lj;jpy; kd;dd;

fhuzj;ijg;

Nj u h t p l k ;

];Jhgp

xd;iw

epu;khzpj;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-184Gdpjhpd; nra;jhh;. Njhp trpf;f rq;fkpjhjh xU m i k j p a hd njhlh;e;J te;j fhuzk;. ,lj; jpy; me;j me;j nrd;W Vw ;gl;l gpf;Fzp Gdpjr; rpd;dk; xd;iwAk; itf;f V w ; g hL

tpUk;gpdhs;. Vw;f mjw;Ff;

tpfhuhtpy;

Nghjidfis njhe;juNt

$l;lj;jpdhy; MfNt

rpbah tPl;bw;Fr; nrd;W xU ehs; jq;fptpl;lhs;. gpf;Fzpf;F vd;Wk; Nghy; jd; tzf;fq;fisj; njhptp f;f te;j kd;dDf;F gpf;Fzp mq;F ,y;iy vdj; njhpa tu mjw;fhd fhuzj;ij kw;wtuplk; ,Ue;J njhpe;J nfhz;l Njtdhk;gpajp];]h JhghTk; mUikahd ,Ue;j xU cldbahf ,lj;jpy; ahidf; jq;fpf; Nfhl;lKk; n f hs ; s mJ mjdhy; mtu;fs;

Fby; mikj;Jj; je;jhh;.

`ly;`fhf (Hatthälhaka) tpfhuh vd;w ngah; ngw;wJ. mg;gbg;gl;l NkfNkfh Nghjp me;j mw;Gjkhd mikjpahd mike;j tpfhuhtpy; midj;J vd

Njhpzpfs; jq;fpf; nfhz;ldh;. gy mw;Gjq;fisf; fz;l G+q;f htpy; kw;Wk; ,g;gbahf Gj;jUila , l q ; f S k ; > = y q ; f h t p d ; N k d ; i k f ; f hf n f h z ; L t u g ; g l ; l kuk; Nghjidfs; midj;Jk; ntF fhyj;jpw;F kf;fspdhy; n g U i k a h fg ;

Ngrg;gl;L te;jJ . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top ghfkhd Gj;j ‘ gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ku Nghjp

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

gj;njhd;gjhk;

];jhgdk;’ KbTw;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-185
20: Gj; j
jk;kNfhrh rk;Gj;juplk; ,we;J

Njuh rkhjp mile; j hh;
te;j Nghjp ek;gpf;iff; mLj;j ngz;iz %d;W Nghjp gjpndl;lhk; k uk ; nfhz;l ehd;F jd; me;j ,e;j mJ mij vd;gij Mz;L m t U i la M z ; L fs p y ; jp];]uhf;fh gl;lj;J gpd; ,uhzp murd; gpd;du; kPz;Lk; njhpe;J jk;kNfhrh

Ml;rpf;F ngUk;

k`hNk`thdukhtpy;

elg;gl;lJ.

m d ; g h d k i d t p m j w ; F g d ; d p u z ; L t Ul q ; f S f ; F g ; g p d ; Nghdhs;. m jw;F my;y vd;w mjw;F tpl moif ek;gj;jFe;jts;
( T i s s a ra kk h a)

vdj;

n j h pa h k y ;

,uhzpahf;fpdhh;. jd;Dila nghUkpdhs;. Ks;shy;

Mz;LfSf;Fg; kuj;ij tpl;lhy;

epidj;J

fu;tg;gl;l

‘v d ; i d

m j p f k ; N e r p f ; f y h k h ’. k h k ; g o f ; n f h l ; i l i a k h z ; L v d ; w
(mandu-thorn)

Fj;jp ntsp

Gijj;jhYk; tpijj;jhYk; tpl;lhs;.

nrbahf nrbahf mLj;j

tuhJ.

K i sf ; f h J ehd;F

nfhz;L mNj topiag; gpd;gw;wp Nghjp kuj;ij rhfbj;J mjw;F Mz;Lfspy; kuzk; mile;J tpl;lhh;. ,g;gbahf mtu; Kg;gj;jp VO tUlq;fs; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;jhh;. mjw;F khwhf Njtdhk;gpajp];]h Gj;j fl;b Gdpj Kbj;jg; fl;b gpd; Nghjidfis nrd;W ‘

e d ; F f w ; W z h ; e ; J J h g u h k h t p Y k ; > r p b a h k i y a pY k ; k fh tpfhuhf;fis ehd; gy Gj;jUila Njuhtplk; vg;nghOJ tpfhuhf;fis Kbj;J tpl;NlNd> ,dp

rpd;dq;fs;

vdf;Ff;

fpilf;Fk; ‘ vd;W Nfl;lhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-186rk;Gj;jUila rpd;dq;fis Rkdh vLj;J te;J vd;dplk; nfhLj;j cs;Nsd;. nfhz;L Gdpjr; xt;xU vLj;J itj;J tu ghj;jpuj;ij mtw;iw rpbah kiy KJfpy; kPJ Vw;wp itj;J ,q;F ,Ue;j ahidapd; xt;xU

Vw;ghL nra ;. ’ mg;gb Na nfhz ;L tug ;gl;l Nahrid Njuh Jhuj;jpy; $wp ,Ue;jgb

rpd;dq;fs;

tpfhuhf;fspYk; tug;gl;bUe;j mjw;Fg;

itf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; me;j Gdpj rpd;dq;fis itj;J F L i ti a kl;Lk; m u z ; k i z a py ; nra;J kd;dd; gytpjkhd G+i[fis

topgl;lhh;. cau; Fbapdhpy; IEhW ngah; Ngh; Njuhtplk; mJ gg;g[;[h me ;j mUfpy;
, Ue ;j

cgNjrk; ngw;W jq;fp ,Ue;j tpfhuhTf;F <]uh]khdfh
( Issarasamanaka)

vd;w

cz;L.

Nghy

tpfhuhtpd;
me;j

njd;

gFjpapy;
[hjpapd;

mDuhjGuj;jpw;F
%d;whk; gpuptpduhf

,Ue;j Ntrfpup tpfhuhtpy; jq;fp ,Ue;j ntrh]; (vessasfhyj;jpy; it\;ahf;fs;) vdg;gl;l

gpuptpdupy; IEhW

Ngh; gg;g[;[h , Ue ;jdh;. ,lk;

cgNjrj;ij trpj;J te;j

nghpa

Njuhtplk; ,Ue;J Njuh

ngw;W

rpbah kiyapy; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;j nraw;if Fiffspy; k hn g U k ; k`Pd;jh ,Ue;j k`Pd;jh Fif vd miof;fg;gl;lJ. Njtdhk;gpajp];]h fhyj;jpy; trjpfis ,lq;fspy; jd;Dila ehw;gJ tUl Ml;rp

yq;fhtpw;F nra;J

midtUk;

ghuhl;Lk; mtu;

t i f a py ; epu;khzpj;j rpbah

gyUk; gad; gLj;Jk; tpjj;jpy; K j y ht j h f k`h

jd;dhy; Kbe;j msT tp`huh> mLj;J

nfhLj;jpUe;jhh;.

k i y a py ; j q ; F k ; F i f > m L j ; J ] ; J h g p >

mLj;J Nghjp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-187ku ];jhgdk; fy;ntl;L > > mLj;J ];Jhgpf;Fg; Nghf Njhs; top fhl;Lk; vYk;ig mLj;J rk;Gj;jhpd; gl;il

Gdpj rpd;dkhf mikj;jJ > mLj ;J <ru hrhkdh> mLj;J jp];]h Vup> mLj;J ghjkJhgh> mLj;J Ntrfpup cgrpfh kw;Wk; `jhy;`fh Nghd;wit mlq;Fk;. gpf;FzpfSf;F mikf;fg;gl;bUe;j mq;fpUe;Jjhd; ngw;W xd;iw Ntz;ba ,Ue;jhh;. khh;fj;jpw;F [k;GNfhytpfhuh> te;jdh;. k`hghyp `jhy;`fh mjw;F ngahpy; vd;w FbYf;Fr; gpf;Ff;fs; Gjpa epWtp nrd;W czT ikak; tUlk; fpilf;f mtu;fSila MfNt vd;w rNfhju

khw;whf kd;dd; rikay; yq;fh

K O t J k ; g p f ; F f ; f S f ;F trjpf;fhf mtw;iwj;

Fiwtpd;wp

czT

Vuhskhd jtpw

ghj;jpuq;fs;> Qhd

Fiwtpy;yhj czTg; gz;lq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw mikj;J kf;fspd; topNfhYk; topghl;Lj; kw;Wk; jyq ;fis ghr;rpduhkh

jp]k;ktpfhuh

vd;w ngah;fspy; mikj;J ,Ue;jhh;. me;j kd;ddpd; gps;is gjtp gupG+uz FUtpd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; ,y;yhjjpdhy; rpbah mwpT Qhd fy;tp
(Gj;jh;)

gpd; kiy

gl;lj;jpw;F Fifapy;

tu jq;fp

mtUf;F cj;jpah ,Ue;jtu;> jd;Dila ed;ikf;F ngw;wpUe;j vl;L
( Assayuja)

mtUila ngw;wtu;> mwpT

rNfhjuu;

Vw;whh;. gyUf;Fk;

midj;jpYk; Gfl ;batu ;> midtUf;Fk;

rpwg;ghdtu;>

N g h j i df i s midj;Jg; k`pd;jh> gpiwapd;

toq;fpatu;>jhNk Neupbahf te;jpUe;J =yq;fh kf;fspd; ghLgl;ltu; k h n g Uk ; k h j j ; j pd ; Ml;rp vd;w Njuh tsu; n g U i k fi s Ak ; me;j nghOJ vl;lhtJ kd;ddpd; m]A[h ehsd ;W

tUlfhy

Kbe;jpUe;j

jkJ vz;gjhk; tajpy;> epghdhit va;jpdhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-188mijf; mile;J mQ;ryp Nfs;tpg;gl;l clNd nrYj;jp mJ kd;dd; cj;jah kpf;f Jauk; Ngha; cliy > nrYj;jp Ngioia mtu; kl;Lk; xU gil kiwe;j my;yhJ jq;fg; tPuu;fs; ,ilNa jiy ,lj;jpw;Fg; mtUila khpahij me;j

mtUila

ngUikia Ngioapy;

ntFthfg; itj;J

ghuhl;bdhh;. eWkzq;fs; nfhs;;s> tz;b gy

myq;fupf;fg;gl;l

njspj;J>

t u > C u ; t y j ; j p y ; n g U k ; j p u s h d k f; f S k ; t e ; J f y e ; J rlq;FfSf;F Vw;wp xd;wpy; midj;Jj; efuq;fSf;Fk;

, i l N a , W j p g ; g a z C h ; t y k h f v L j ; J r ; n r y ; y V w ; g hL nra;jhh;. ,g;gbahf fhyj;jpw;F ,lj;jpy; Nahrid t Pj p f s ; Njuhzq;fs; fl;lg;gl;ld. fpof;Fg;Gwk; mikf;fg;gl;L itf;fg;gl VO nfhz;L tug;gl;l rtg; ngl;bia xU thu vd;w %d;W ,Ue;j G+j; tisTfs ; me;j , l j ; j pd ; gPlk; mLf;fp K i w a hf

gd;`k;gkhyfh Jhuj;jpw;F

(Pañhambamälaka)

itj;jpUe;jhh;.

me;j

, l j ;i j

Rw;wp

jPgfw;gj;jpd;

efnuq;Fk; ,Ue;jd.

myq;fupf;fg;gl;L fl;lg;gl;L ehl;fs; ,Ue;j vd;w mjpy; re;jdf; ,Wjpf; Kbe;jg;

kuj;jpyhd gpd;

Njudhk;ge;jf`khyfh ,lj;jpy; caukhd fl;ilfs; fld;fid

( T h e rä n am b a nd h am ä l ak a)

itf;fg;gl;L me;j Njuhtpd; cly; ,Ue;j Ngio ,wf;fp mtUila nra;j kd;dd; rpijf;F jP %l;bdhh;. rpbah my;yhJ k i y a pY k ; Gdpj kw;w tpfhuhf;fspYk; itf;fg;gl;ld. ,Wjpf; me;j mJ G d pj kl;Lk; nra;j

Njuhtpd;

rpd;dq;fs;

mtUila

fld;fid

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-189,lj;jpw;Fk; R+l;lg;gl;L ,rpGkd;fdh mq;F
(Isibhumangana )

vd;W

ngah;

mtUf;F

epidT

kz;lgk;

mikf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ Kjy; me;j ,lj;jpd; %d;W Nahrid Jhu msTf;F n g h p N a h h ; f s ; v t u ; k i w e ; j h Y k ; k i w e ; j th ; f S i l a c l y ; mq;F jfdk; nra;a Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lJ. cj;jpahtpd; nghOJ ,Ue;J mioj;Jr; Njup taJ Ml;rp fhyk; xd;gJ khjq;fisf; nra;J va;jpdhh;. fle;j jq;fp

`jy;`f;fh gyUf;Fk; nrd;w

Fbypy;

( H a t t h a l h a k a - c o n v e n t)

Nghjidfs; mw;Gjkhd epghdhit Ik;gj;jp

ey;topf;F ngw;wpUe;j mtUila Njuh

rpj;jpfisg; x d ; g J.

r q ; f k p j hj h T k ; mg;nghOJ

mtSf;Fk;

k`Pd;jhtpw;F nra;jijg; Nghd;Nw xU thu fhy ,uh[ kupahijAld; $ba ,Wjpr; rlq;Ffis kd;dd ; nra;jhh ;. me;j g y ; N tW Njhp N j h p a p D i la cliyAk; xU thu fhyj;jpw;F nrd;W ,Ue;j nfhz;L epithf

,lq;fSf;Fk;

Ch;tykhf

vLj;Jr; $wp

Jhguhkhtpy; Nghjp kuk; ,Ue;j ,lj;jpw;F mUfpy ; me;j kuzk; miltjw;F
(Cittisala)

K j y p Ny N a

rpl;brhyh nry;yg;gl;L

vd;w

,lj;jpw;F mtSila

j f dk ;

nra;ag;gl;lJ.

xU ];Jhgpia me;j ,lj;jpy; kd;dd; epWtpdhh;. mjw;Fg; gpd; rpy fPo; fhyj;jpNyNa Ie;J ,Ue;j Njuh kfpe;jhTld; mhpj;jhtpd; gy

rpNyhDf;F jiyikapd; ,Ue;j

te;jpUe;j

Njuhf;fs;>

Njuhf;fs;>

r q ; f k p j hj h T ld ; Jwtpfshd

gd;dpuz;L

Njupzpfs;>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-190Mapuf;fzf;fhf te;J Nghjidfs; Njuhf;fs;> nra;J kw;Wk; Gj;jupd; gy topapy; Njuhf;f s; nfhz;bUe;j

vd xUtu; gpd; xUtuhf kuzk; mile;jdh;. Gj;jprhyp> kuzj;ijf; fz;L mQ;rhky; cyfpy; gw;ww;W ,Ue;jtu;> ve;j xU re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; ,Ue;j tu; vd;w Jd;gNkh> ngau; ,d;gNkh me;j milahky; ngw;wpUe;j

kd;dUk; gj;J tUlq;fs; Ml;rp nra;J kiwe;jhh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugjhk; ,ize ;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh rkhjp Njuh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl ghfkhd

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

‘G j ; j

mile;jhh; ’ vd;w gFjp

KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-19121:
cj;jpahtpd; vd;gtu;
(Uttiya)

Ie; J kd; d h; f s;
,isa rNfhjuhd kiwtpw;Fg; k`hrpth gpd; gj;J

mtUila

rNfhjudpd;

Mz;Lfs; ey;yhl;rp nra;J te;jhh;. Njuh gj;jrhyhtpd; gf;juhd mtu; ehfuhq;fdh (Nagarangana) vd;w tpfhuhit ehl;bd; fpof;Fg; gFjpapy; epWtpdhh;. mLj;J vd;gtu; midtUk; `j;jpf;fz;lh
( Go n n a g i r ik a)

k`hrpthtpd; mLj;j Nghw;Wk;

,isa

r Nf h j u u ; Ml;rp kw;Wk; thd;Fl;lu ,Ue;j

R+ujp];]h n g U i k A ld ; nra ;J Nfhdfpupfh
(Vanguttara)

mWgJ

Mz;Lfs; tz;zk;

(Hatthikkhandha)

tpfhuhf;fisAk;> tlf;Fg;

kiyg;

gFjpapy;

ghrpdgg;gj;jhitAk;> gFjpapy;

(Pacinapabbata)

mDuhjGuj;jpd;

u`puhfhtpy;

Nfhyk;gyfh tpfhuhitAk;> mup`pl;lh (Arittha) kiyapd; f Po ; k F y f h ( M a k u l a k a ) tlf;fpy; mtUila Ml;rpiaf; tpfhuhitAk;> mjd; fpof;fpy; vd;w m r ;r f y ;y f h t p f h u h i t A k ; > f z ;l d h f u h t p d ; ( Ka n da n ag a r a) fpupdPyth`dhfh NkYk; vd IEhW ,aw;ifg; fz;l
(Girinelavahanaka)

tpfhuhitAk;>

tpfhuhf;fisAk ; Mdhy;

fl;bdhh;. m t U i la R+ujp];]h

ngah; ,Ue;jJ.

Rtd;dgpz;lhjp];]h

(Suvannapindatissa)

kf;fspd;

tpUg;gj;jpdhy;

(Süratissa) vd ngah; khw;wk; Vw;gl;lJ.

N r d h k w ; W k ; F l ; l f ; f h ( S e n a A n d G u t t a k a ) v d ; w j k p y h tpd ;

(Damilas) ,U Nrdhjpgjpfs; R+ujp];]hTld; (Süratissa)
Aj;jk; nra;J mtiuj; Njhw;fbj;J Ml;rpiaf;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-192ifgw;wpdh;. mtu;fs; ,UtUk; ,Ugj;jp ,uz;L Mz;Lfs; Ml;rpapy; Ml;rpiaf; Mz;lhh;. R+ujp];]h
Mahasiva,

, U e ; j dh ; .
(Asela)

Mdhy; gj;J kw;w cj;jpah>

Kj;Jrpthtpd; Mz;Lfs;

(Mutasiva)

kfdhd mrpyh

vd;gtu; mtu;fisj; Njhw;fbj;J mDuhjGuhtpy; mga;ah> k`hdq;fh>
Uttiya, Kira) and

ifgw;wp mrpyhtpd; kw;Wk;
Mahanaga,

vl;L
(Abhaya,

rNfhju u;fs; k`hrpth>
Suratissa,

Njtdhk;gpajp];]h>

fPuh

Devanampiyatissa,

Mattabhaya,

vd;gtu;fs;;. Nrho ehl;bd; Jhkpyhtpy; ,Ue;j kpFe;j Ml;rp kd;du; nra;jhh;. ,yhuh mtu;
(Elära)

e w ; F z K k ; N e u ; i k Ak ; vd;gtu; mrpyhtplk; g i f t u ; f i sA k ;

, U e ; J M l ; r p i a f ; i f g ; g w ; w p e h w ; g j ; j p e h d ; F M z ; L fs ; e z ; g u ; f i sA k ; > xNu tpjkhf elj;jp te;j ew;Fzk; ngw;wpUe;jtu;. m t U i l a g L f ; i f m i w a p d ; j i y k h l ; L g ; g F j p a p y ; xU kzp fl;lg;gl;bUe;jJ. mjd; fapW ntspapy; njhq;Fk;. mtuplk; te;J kfd; tz;b vtUf;F mbj;J Fiwfisf; mtiu $w tpUg;gNkh $wyhk;. mtu;fs; mtUf;F ,Ue;j me ;j kzp kzp vOg;gpf;

xU kfDk; xU kfSk; ,Ue;jdh;. xU Kiw mtUila jp];]h Vwp Vhpf;F tz;bapy; gR tpl nrd;W me;j mijf; nfhz;L kPJ te;J gR nghOJ jtWjyhf mijf; xU khl;bd;; fd;wpd;

nfhd;W

mbj ;J kd;did vOg;gp mtid jd;Dila fd;W ,we ;j ,lj;jpw;F mioj;Jr; nrd;wJ. fz;l kd;dd; jd;Dila kfd; kPJ mNj tz;bia Vw;wpf; nfhd;whuhk;. mJ Nghy xU gwitf; $l;by; ,Ue;j rpwpa gwitia
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-193xU ghk;G tpOq;fp vOg;gp tpl me;j gwit kzp mbj;J Vw;gl;l gwitia kuj;jpy; kd;did tur; mioj;Jg; Ngha; jdf;F fpopj;J mNj

Jauj;ijf; f hl ;l m e ;j kd;dDk; me ;j ghk ;ig gpbj ;J nrhy;yp vLj;jg; mjd; gpd; tapw;iwf; me;j ntspNa ghk;ig

njhq;ftpl;lhuhk;. gz;ila jd;id rpbah gpf;Ff;fis nfhz;bUe;j Nkhjpajpy; mijf; rhiyapy; rf;fuj;ij fz;l K i w fi s fhy khw;wpf; fil gof;f gpbj;J tof;fq;fspy; te;j nrd;W nrd;w xU jtWjyhf gFjp jd; kPJ tz;bapy; kd;dd; nghOJ ,Ue;J tho;T xU kd;du; rw;Wk; newp Kiw rNfhju nrd;W k PJ ,wq;fp tz ; b a p d ; n f hs ; s > thq;Ftij

nfhs;shky;; Jha;ikahd

kiyf;Fr; miof;fr; tz;b ];Jhghtpd; kd;dd; gLj;Jf; Vw;wpf;

mq;fpUe;j ];Jhghtpd; Nrjk; me;j gop ,Ue;J Ntz;bf;

mile;jJ.

nfhz;L

nfhy;YkhW

mq;fpUe;jtu;fs; me;j ];Jhgpia

‘v q ; f S i l a

FUehju;

tpUk;g khl;lhh;. mjw;Fg; gjpy; me;j gpf;Ff;fsplk; Ngrp rup nra;aTk;’ vd mwpTiwf; $wpdh;. ele;j cile;J jtWf;F Nghd (15000) kd;dpg;Gf; gjpide;J ehzaj;ijf; kd;dDk; Nfl;lJk; fw;fSf;Fg; gpf;Ffl;fsplk; my;yhky; gjpy;

gjpide;jhapuk;

n f h L j ; J k P z ; L k ; c i l e ; J N g h d g Fj p i a r P u i k j ; j h h ; . mJ Nghy xU %jhl;b fhag; Nghl;bUe;j muprp jhdpak; kio fhyk; mw;w Neuj;jpy; nga;j jpBh; kioapdhy; e h r k ; m i l a m t s ; m e ; j k d ; d dp d ; , l j ; j p w ; F r ; n r d ; W kzpabj;J epahak; Nfl;lhs;. m e;j %jhl;bia mDg;gp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-194tpl;L mjw;F epahak; Nfl;L cz;zhtpujj;jpy; mkh;e;J tpl;lhh;. mtUila fLikahd jtj;jpdhy; gae;J Nghd ehd;F jpir mjpgjpfshd j h j uj ; j h
( D h a t a r a t t h a )>

tpUy;`hf;fh (Virulhaka)> tpUg;ghf;fh (Virupakkh) rhf;fhtplk; tUz fLk; nrd;W mJ Fwpj;Jf; mjd; $wpa gpwF kl;Lk; nghOJ ve;j

kw;Wk; mtu;

Ntrthdh (Vessavana) MfpNahh; ,e;jpu Nyhfj;jpy ; ,Ue;j gfthdhd nrhw;fshy; g[;[_z;zhit rhbdhh;.
( Pa j j u n n a)

mioj;J fhyj;jpy; cl;gl

kio nga;a Ntz;LNkh mg;nghOJ kl;Lk; mJTk; fhiy Ntisiaj; jtpu;j;J ,utpy; Vu p f s ; midj;J ,lq;fspYk; kio nga;a Vw;ghL MfpaJ. jtwhd vz;zq;fis jtpu;j;J Rj;jkhd > nfhz;L jd;id Mj;k jPikfs; gyKk jkJ

R+o;e;jpuhjtuhfTk;> nfhz;ltuhfTk; tho;thf mikj;Jf;

kdJk;

itj;jpUe;J

rj;jpaj;ijNa

,Ue;jjpdhy ;

kd;dDf;F

m j ; j i d m G + u ; t r f ; j p f pi l j ; j p U e ; j J . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top xd;whk; Gj;j ghfkhd g f ; j u ; f s pd ; fUzh ‘ Ie;J

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd; ;

kd;du;fs;;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-19522:
vyuhit Ml;rpiaf;
( Elara)

,sturd; fhkpdp gpwg; G
vd;gtiuf; nfhd;W tpl;L j j ; j f h k pdp fij ,J. m t U i la

ifg;gw;wpdhh;.

mjd;

gpd;dzpf;

Njtdhk;gpajp];]htpd; ,uz;lhk; rNfhjuUk; neUf;fkhdtu;. nfhd;W mkh;j;j mts; tpl;L ek;gf; vd;w me;j kd;ddpd; jpl;lkpl;Lf; my;y> Ngha; jl;bd; kfd; kidtp

g p u j p e p j p A k h d k ` h d ` h m t U i l a rN f h j u U f ; F k p f T k ; k`hd`hit gjtpapy; ,Ue;jhs;. nfhz;L tp\k; jd;Dila $bats; V u p f ;F g ; kfid jPa ,Ue;j kPJ me;jg; nfhz;L kdij nghOJ

,ufrpakhf

,Ue;jts;. me;j gpujpepjp k`hd`h xU Kiw jhur;rh
(Taraccha)

fye;;jpUe;j nrd;wpUe;j jpd;W kidtp tpl gpujpepjp

khk;goj;ij mtSila mtd;

itj;J

mtUf;Ff; vLj;Jj; Nghd jd; ,Ue;j

nfhLf;f mDg;gp ,Ue;jhs;;. Mdhy; me;j k`hd`hTld; jtWjyhf m j dh y ; g h J fhj ; J f ; mij gae;J nfhs;s kbe;jhd;. capiug; njd;

j d ; D i la

F o e ; i j fS l d ;

fpof;Fg; gFjpapy;

Nuh`dh ( Rohana) vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W tpl;lhh;. mq;F aj;jhya jd;Dila
(Ya t t h a l aya)

tpfhupy; ngauhd

mtUila

fh;gpzp

kidtp xU Mz; Foe;ijiag; ngw;nwLj;jhs;. mtDf;F rNfhjuupd; vd;w te;jtu; aj ;jhyajp];]h mjd; gpd; MSduhf
(Mahagame) ( Y a t t h a l a y a k a t i s s a)

ngaiu me;j

itj;jhh;. ,lj;jpd; k`hfhNk mq;F

Nuh`d;dhTf;F jd;id tiuapyhd tpfhuhit khw;wpf;

nfhz;L Mz;L

gFjpia

t e ; j hh ; . epWtpdhh;.

eh`kkfh

( Na gamahavihara)

cj;jfhz;luhah

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-196(Uddhakandaraka)

tpfhuh

kw;Wk; Ml;rp

gy

t p f h u h f ; f i sA k ; gpd; mtUila mJ Nghy

m i k j ; j h h ; . m t U i la kfdhd

kiwtpw;Fg;

aj;jhyajp];]h

nra ; j h h ; .

mtUila filrp kfdhd mga;ahTk; Ml;rp nra;jhh;. mjd; kfd; gpd; Nfhj;jgha;ahtpd; ;
( Gothabhaya)

,sturdhd murhz;lhh;.

fhfthdjp];]hTk;

(Kakavannatissa)

mt Uila kidtp tp `huNjtp ( Viharadevi) vd;gtu; Gj;j n f h s ; i f f s p y ; m j p f < L g hL n f h z ; b U e ; j f y ; a h z p v d ; w efupd; kd;ddpd; kfs;. fy;ahzpia fs;sf; tpl fhjy; Mz;L te;j k d ; d dp d ; ngah; jp];]h. njhpe;J v q ; N fh

m t U i l a , i s a r N f h j u u ; m e ; j k d ; d d p d ; k i d tp A l d ; nfhz;L gae;J %yk; ,Ue;jJ mtu; kd;dDf;Fj; tpl;L xU mtUk; ,dpikahfg; k d ; d dp d ; Nru;e;J me;j Kd; Xb capUf;F Ciu

nrd;W tpl;lhh;. xUKiw Gj;j gpf;F Nghy khW Ntlk; mzpe;jpUe;jtu; ,uhzpf;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;W vLj;J , u f r p a k hf mDg;gpdhh;. JwtpAld; mtUld; mtu;fSld; nry;Yk; gpl;F Nghyp fbjj;ij mq;Fk; Ngrp czT fbjj;ij ghh;itapy;; nfhLj;J xU

,q ;Fk; miye ;jg; gpd; me ;j kd ;ddp d ; t Plbw ;F nrd;W ,Ue;j tpl;lhd;. vOe;J te;jpUe;j ez;guhf;fpf; mUe;jpaTld; nfhz;L tPl;bw;Fs;

,uhzpapd;

gLk;gb fbjj;ij eOt tpl;lhh;. rg;jj;ijf; mtiuAk; Nfl;L me;j jpUk;gpg; ghh;j;j nfhd;W kd;dd; flypy; me;j tPrp

fbjj;ij vLj;Jg; gbj;Jg; ghh;j ;jg; gpd ; fLk; NfhgKw;W JwtpiaAk;;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-197v w p e ; J t p L k hW M i z a p l ; l h h ; . m j d h y ; N f h g K w ; w f l y ; Njtijfs; e Pi u kd;dNdh me;j ehl;by; nts;sj;ij nra;jdh;. k fs h d Vw;gLj;jp Mdhy; Njtpia fly; me;j xU efUf;Fs; EioAk;gbr; mofpa

jd;Dila

j q ; f g ; g l f p y ; V w ; w p m j p y ; ‘ , t s ; k d ; d dp d ; k f s ; ’ v d vOjp itj;J me;j flYf;Fs;NsNa me;j glif mDg;gp tpl;lhh;. me;jg; glFk; flypy; kpje;jgb yq;fhit n r d ; w i la kPl;L

mq;fpUe;j

kd;dd;

fhfthdh

( Kakavanna)

mtis

jd; gl;lj;J ,uhzpahf;fpf; mtu; kw;Wk;
and

fhz;lhh;. rpl;lyghg;gj;jh> f k p j ht y p
Gamitthavali

jp];]k;k Flhyp
Kütali)

tpfhuh>

(Tissamahavihara,Cittalapabbata,

Nghd;w

tpfhuhf;fis

mik;j;J

Gj ;j G+u;j;jp

rNfhjuu;fSila

midj;Jj;

N j i t fi s A k ;

nra;jgb murhz;L te;jhh;. ,jw;fpilapy; xU Gdpj Nfhlgg;gjh rhkdPu>
(Kotapabbata)

vd;w

,lj;jpy; tifapy;

midtUk;

ghuhl;Lk;

fhupaq;fis nra;J nfhz;L tho;e;jpUe;jhh;. Mfhrrpl;bahtpy; nry;y mjw;Fr; mikj;Jf; ,Ue;j nry;y
(Akasacetiya)

,Ue;j ,y;yhky; %d;W Gj;j

tpfhuhTf;Fr; ,Ue;jjpdhy; topg;ghijia gpl;Ff;fSf;F

ghij

rPuhf mtu;

fw;fspdhy;

Md

nfhLj;jhh;.

njhlu;e;J gy tpj Nritfis nra;J te;jjpdhy; cly; eyk; Fd;wpaJ. Mjdhy; mtiu xU gy;yf;fpy; itj;J jp];]hukhtpy; ,Ue;j r P y g h r a g u pt p d h T f ; F
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; g p d ; d u ; k h w ; w p v O j pa J

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-198( S i l a p a s s a y a p a r i v e n a)

Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; mioj;J tu Vw;ghL

nra;jdh;. mD jpdKk; Gj;j tp`huNjtp jhd; kjpa czT cz;Zk; gupRf;fis midj;Jk;

Kd;ghf

rNfhjuu;fSf;F kUe;Jf;fs;> cil

gytpj vd

m D g ; G t h s ; . M j d ; g p d ; e W k z k ; k p f ; f k y u ; f s ; > t h i rd jputpaq;fs;> mDg;Gths;. , g ; g b a h f N r i t fi s n r a ; J n f h z ; L N j u h t p l k ; n r d ; W m k u ; e ; j g b N g h j i d f i s g ; n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; L , Ue ; j t s p l k ; Njuh ey;y $wpdhh; eP ‘ ‘cd; kfpo;rpf;fhd Mdhy; epidf;ff; $lhJ. Foe;ij ghf;fpak; fhuzk; cd; ,d;dKk; ,y;yhj eP nra;Js;s Kbe;J ey;y vd;d gy fhupaq;fs;jhd;. fhupak;

tpl;ljhf $wpdhs;;

fhupaq;fis eP nra;a Ntz;b cs;sJ. ‘ mjw;F mts; vdf;F k f p o ; r ; r p f p i l j ; J t p l g ; N g h f p d ; w J ’. Mijf; Nfl;l midj;J r f ; j p f i sA k ; ‘k u z k ; ngw;wpUe;j Njuh

mtSf;Ff; Foe;ij ghf;fpak; cs;sJ vd;gij njupe;J nfhz;lhh;. cs;s mwpTiw nrd;W mtu; mtsplk; . milAk; mJ Nghy gpwf;f jWthapy; vd mtuplk; Ntz;Lk ;. rhkNduhtplk; nfhLj;jhh; ‘e P q ; f s ; nrd;W mtSk; Ntz;bf; nfhs;’

vd;Dila

kfdhf

mJNt vq;fSf;F kfpo;rpiaj; jUk; ’ vd;whs;. Mdhy; mtSila me;j Ntz;LNfhSf;F rhkNduhtpd; clNd rpfpr;irf;F nrtp Gj;j

rha;f;fhjjpdhy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-199rNfhjuu;fsplk; gytw;iwAk; ,Ug;gplj;jpw;Fr; mile;jhh;. cUntLj;jhh;. tpl;L ,we;j Gj;j kd;ddplk; mjd; jhNk ,lj;jpw;Fr; Njitahd n fh L j ; J nrd;W topapy; Mdhy; kUe;Jfs;> tpl;L tpl;lhs;. nrd;W $wp tz;b cilfs; Vwp vd jd; kuzk; fUthf

rhkNduh

mtSila

fUg;igapy;

nfhz;bUe;jtSf;F mDg;gp Nru;e;J ,Wjpf; gpd; mtiu rhkNduh fld;fs ; mq;fpUe;j nfhLj;J

me;j czu;T Njhd;wpaJk; jd;Dila gazj;ij epWj;jp nra;jpiaf; gpd; nrd;W nra;J tutopj;jhs;. midj;ijAk; ,UtUk; mtUila Kbj;jg;

rNfhjuu;fSf;F

mstw;w

gupRf;fis

tpl;L Ch; jpUk;gpdh;. mtSf;Ff; vz;zk; ,Ue;J k Pj p i a t Pu i d f ; Foe;ijg; Njhd;wpaJ. Njid ehd; nfhy;y vLj;J mUe;j gad; gpwf;f ,Ue;j rkaj;jpy; xU

‘g d ; d p u z ; l h a p u k ; mtu;fSf;Ff;

(12>000) gpd; gil

gpl;Ff;fSf;Ff; nfhLf;ff; $ba mstpyhd Njd; $l;by; nfhL j;jg;; Kjy; Ntz;Lk;;. vyhuhtpd; this Fbf;f myq;fupj;Jf;

gLj;jpa

Rj;jg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;> nfhs;s

cgNahfpj;j j h k i ug ; Ntz;Lk;’. mJ Fwpj;J

jz;zPiuf; jd;id

m D u h j G u j ; j p y ; , U e ; J t h l h k y ; n f hz ; L t u g ; g l ; l c s ; s G+f;fspdhy;

N[hrpau;fsplk; mopj;J

Nfl;l

k d ; d dp l k ; ,Uf;Fk;

mtu;fs; Foe;ij

$wpdh;

‘m t S f ; F g ;

gpwf;f

jkpyhf;fis

xd;Wgl;l

rk];jhdj;ij

M z ; l t h W G j ; j rk a j ; i j n t F t h f t s h ; g ; g h d ; ’
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-200cldbahf ,uhzp nfhz;L f Po h f $l;il kd;dd; xU Nghy mwptpg;ig xU nghpa mtUf;F nra;jhh; Njd; jFe;j ‘v t d ; $ l ; i lf ; gupRfs; Njd; tpUk;gpaijg; te;J

jUfpd;whNdh ,Ue;j mij glfpy;

jug;gLk;’. Nfhjh ejpapd; gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j xUtd; jiy ftpo;e;J vLj;Jtu fl;lg;gl;L ,Ue;j kd;dd; ,uhzpaplk; nfhLf;f

m t S k ; j h d ; t p U k ; g p a J N g h y mi j c z ; l h s ; . mLj;J mDg;gp k d ; d dp d ; nfhz;L j h k i ug ; Xbdhh;. mijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l murd; mtidg; gpbf;f xUtiu ntl;by; Kidapy; khiyNa kfpo;rp toq;fpdhh;. mjd; mofpa te;jd. gpd; Mz; mJ me;j ,uhzpf;F xU Rg K$u;j;jj;jpy; Foe;ij ahid gpwe;j xd;W mDg;g ntl;b> > Juj;jp Jz;bj;J nfhz;L mijf; mtDf;F t e ; j t Di l a tpOe;j fz;L kd;dd; jd; tPud; xNu ths; md;W nkj ;j N t Y R k hdh kw;w ,U
(Velusumana)

vd;w

giltPuid $wp Ngha; nfhz;L ,Ue;J Vwp mq;F

NtiyfisAk; mDg;gpdhh;. yhaj;jpy; mjp

epiwNtw;WkhW ghh;j;Jf; ejpapy;

mDuhjGuj;Jf;F Fjpiu xU ehs;

mtDk; Ntiy

,Ue;jtdplk; ez ;gdhfp rpy ehl ;fs; mq ;F jq;fp ,Ue;J fhiy flk;gh nfhz;L G+f;fis gwpj;Jf; F j p i u a py ;

jiyia jiyia ,uhzp gy

n f h j; j p f ; jpUk;gpdhd;.

k`hfkhtpw;F

mile;jhs;.

gupRfis

Foe;ijg; Nghy kpf

gpwe;jJ. cau;e;j

me;j

md;Nw VO fg;gy;fs; epiwa etuj;jpdf; fw;fs; guprhf [hjp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-201Me;j ,lj;jpw;F te;J j d ; D i la
( Kandula)

Fl;bia xU mDg;gp xU

mq;Nf kPdtd; me;j fg;gy; vd

tpl;Lr;; nrd;wJ. mij flYf;F vjpupy; ,Ue;j fhl;by; fz;nlLj;j murdplk; Fl;b jq;ff; k Pdt d p d ; fz;Lyh nrd;W ngauhd fl;bfis $w vd;w kd;dd; vd Ml;fis

ahidia

mioj;J fd;Lyh vw;wpf;

te;jhd;. nfhz;L

mjd;

n g a i u Ak ;

itj;jhh;.

te;Js;sJ

murdplk; njhptpf;f mtu; mijAk; mtu; nrhd;dhh;. mLj;J mtu; MSk; cil gd;dpuz;lhapuk; vz;zpdhh; nghOJ mzpe;J gpd; xU Njuh vLj;Jf; (12>000) kfd; Gj;j Gj;j yq;fh

vLj;J tur;

gpf;Ff;fis KOtijAk; ed;F epiy kQ;rs;

j d ; D i l a k f d p d ; n g a h ; R + l ; L k ; t p o h t p w ; F m i o j ; j hh ; . ‘vd;Dila rk;Gj;jupd; (1008) jkJ jkJ jUkj;ij gpl;irg;

ehl;Lthd;.

Mapuj;njl;L

gpl;Ff;fs;

iffspy; ePh;

ghj;jpuj;ij F i l i a Ak ; mtu;fspy; vd;Dila

Ve;jp tUthh;fs;. mtu;fs; tyJ fhiy cs;Ns itj;J Eioe;jg; gf;fj;jpy; %j;jtuhd kfid mUSthh;’ mg;gb kd;dd; ngauhd R+l;bdhh;. vz;zpaJ fhkpdp mjd; Nghy mga;ah gpd; ele;j ey;y rFdj;ijf; vdg; fz;l ngah; FLitiaAk; itj;jg;
(Gotama)

,lj;jpy; nfsjkh nfhz;L

gpd; vd;gtu;

mtDf;F

cgNjrq;fis

jd;Dila

kfDf;F xd;gjhk;

jd;Dila ehs;

j e ; i j a pd;

( Gamani Abhaya)

kfhekhTf;Fj;

j p U k ; g p a k d ; d d ; jd ; k i d t p A l d ; c l y ; c w T n f h s ; s mjd; tpisthf gpwe;j Mz; Foe;ijf;F jp];]h vdg;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-202n g a h ; R + l ; l m e ; j F o e ; i j A k ; e y ; y e p i y a p y ; t s u ; e ; j J. me;j ,U Foe;ijfSf;Fk; muprpapy; xU nra;j jq;f md;dg; czit msT jLj;J gpurd;dk; IEhW vLj;J tpl;lhy; vd nra ;j tpohtpy; gpd; Gj;j gpl;Ff;fS jk; ,U

je;j gpd;< me;j czitNa jd; kidtpAk; rhg;gpl;lg; kPjpapy; ];G+d; F o e ; i j f Sf ; F k ; n f h L j ; j k d ; d d ; ‘F o e ; i j f N s e P q ; f s ; rkaj;ij tsu tplhky; ePq;fs; cz;Zk; czT [_uzpf;fhJ ’ m t u ; f is

Mrpu;tjpj;jhh;. mtu;fs; nghOJ> xU ,UtUf;Fk; Kd;G gj;J kw;Wk; gd;dpuz;L t a j hd mioj;J nfhLj;j nra;J

nra;jJ

NghyNt

gpl;Ff;fis k fd ; f S f ; F f ; Gj;j vd;w rgjk;

k h p a h i j f s ; n r a ; J c z T g i lj ; j g ; g p d ; k P j p , U e ; j ij jl;by; itj;J jd;Dila ,Ug;Nghk ; kd;dd; $wpdhh; ‘ v e ;j fhyj;jpYk; gpl;Ff;fis

myl;rpag;gLj;jhky;

nfhz;L ,e;j czit mUe;Jq;fs;’. ,UtUk; kd;ddpd; t p U g ; g g ; g b f ; $ w p dh ; ‘ e h q ; f s ; , U t U k ; v e ; j f h y j ; j p Y k ; ,iz mij gpupa k h l ; N l h k ; ’. nfhz;L ‘e h q ; f s ; rgjj;ij fhkpdp miwf;Fr; ,g;gbahff; $wpa ,UtUk; kPz;Lk; rz;ilg; cz;zj; tpl;L RUl;b gpupj;Jf; cz;zyhapdh;.
(Damilas)

mtu;fsplk; $w me;j

jkpyhTld; jp];]h nrd;W Vw;Wf;

Nghl khl;Nlhk;’ vd cWjp vLj;Jf; nfhs;SkhW kd;dd; nfhz;L klf;fp Jtq;f> gLf;if czit mUe;jhky; fhy;fis itj;J

itj;jgb gLj;Jf; nfhz;L tpl;lhd;. ‘ fhy;fis ePl;bf; nfhz;L tprhykhf gLj;Jf; nfhs;tJjhNd ’ vd ,uhzp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-203N f l ; l n g h O J m t d ; $ w p d h d ; ‘j h k py h f ; f s ; f q ; i fi a j ; jhz;b Nfhjh Ml;rp flypd; cs;s nra;J ehd; nfhz;L vg;gb ,Uf;ifapy;> mUfpy; fhy;fis tiu ePl;bg; ,q;Nf kl;LNk gLf;f
(Gotha-ocean)

Ml;rpapy;

KbAk ;?. fhkpdpf ;F gjpdhW tajhd nghOJ mtd; kpf;f gyrhypahf> ,Ue;jhd;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘, s t u r d ; Gj;jp $u;ikatdhf> Jbg;ghdtdhf

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl ,uz;lhk;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

fhkpdp gpwg;G’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-20423: Nghh; gil tPuu;fs;

jj;jfhkpdpapd; e e ; j p k pj ; j h k`hNrhdh NtYRkhdh G];]Njth jpwik

gilapdupy; >
(Mahäsona)>

fz;Lyh Ruhdpkpyh ghudh

( K a n d u l a) > (Süranimila)> (Gothaimbara)> (Bharana)> ( Kha ñ j ad e v a)>

(Nandhimitta)

Nfhijk;guh fQ;rNjth kw;Wk;

NjuGl;liga;ah

( Thera p u t ta b h a ya)> (Phussadeva)>

(Velusumana)>

ygpahthrgh ahid Nghd;w

( La b h i ya va s a b ha) Nghd ;w t u ;fs ; ,Ue;j d h ;. mtu ;fs ; k p f Tk ;

nfhz;ltu;fs;.

mtu;fSf;F

gyKk; ,Ue;jd. rpbah
(Elara)

kiyg;

gpuNjrj;jpd; Mz;L

fz;luh[p te;jtu; kpj;jh tajhd

vd;w kd;dd;

( K h a n da r a j i)

fpof;Fg; mtUila

gFjpia r N f h j u p a pd ;

v y u h t pd ; vd;gtu;. mtu; Fzq;fSk;

kfdhd ,Ue;j rpW

(Mitta)

khkdplk; ,Ue;jd.

midj;Jf;

kpj;jhtplKk; xU iky;

nghOJ

tpisahlg; Nghfhky; ,U f;f mtUila ngw;Nwhh; mtiu fy;ypy; Nrh;j;J Mjdhy; mtu; mtu; fapW N g h l ; L f; me;jf; nghOJ fl;b tpLthh;fs;. me;j mWe;J gyj;jpw;F Ngha; jhf;fp i f a py ; jkpyhf;fs; Mdhy; tpLkhk;. vd me;j rpWtd;
(kpj;jh)

fapw;Wld; fapW

fy;iyAk;

,Of;Fk; mtu; ngau; gj;J cjtp Gdpj

ee;jpkpj;jh ahidfspd;

( Na n d h im i tt a)

Mapw;W.

rkkhdtu;. jd;Dila mopj;Jf;

taJf;F kw;w ,Ue;j

te;jJk;

efUf;Fg;

khkDf;F nfhz;L

te;jhh;.

];Jhghf;fisAk;

,lq;fisAk; ,tUila

nghOJ

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-205fpilg;gtu;fspd; ehu; cwpg;gJ nfhd;W ,U Nghy cliy fhy;fisAk; mtu;fis Mdhy; Njtu;fs; gpbj;Jf; ,uz;lhfg; mg;gbf; kiwe;J nfhz;L gpse;J nfhz;W NghFk;gb

t p L t h uh k ; .

tpl;ltu;fspd;

n r a ; J t p L t h h ; f s hk ; . mtu;fs; kd;ddplk; nrd;W jkpyhf;fs; njhlh;e;J nfhiy nra;ag;gl;L Fiwe;J te;jtiu e e ; j p k pj ; j h Nuh`dhtpy; nfhy;gtid tUtjpdhy; vdf; gpbAq;fs; mtu;fspdhy; epidj;Jg; gy mtu;fSila $wpa nghOJ gpbf;f Mdhy; vz;zpf;if mtu;fis nra;J ,g;gb rka j;jpy; mij ‘ehd; Gj;j tUfpd;wNj

vd;whh;. fz;L

K b a t p y ; i y.

g h h ; j ; j hh ;

n r a ; t j p d h y ; G j ; j Ui l a N g h j i d f i s m t k j p f ; f p d ; N w d ; . ,sturu;fs; gw;Ws;stu;fshf cs;sdh;. mq;F nrd;W kd;ddplk; gzp Ghpe;J jkpyhf;fis mopj;jg; gpd; me;j ,sturu;fSf;F Kb R+l;b Gj;j kjj;ij nropf;f itg;Ngd; ’ Nfl;lg; gpd; MfNt mjw;F gilapy; fhkpdpaplk; nrd;W jd;Dila vz;zj;ijf; $w mtUk; mtUila xg;Gf; j h a h u pl k ; MNyhridf; nfhz;L ee;jpkpj;jhit jd;Dila

Nru;j;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. mq;Nf mtUila
(Dïghäbhaya)

k`hfq;fhtpy; jkpyhf;fis fr;rfh mjpgjpahf xU J h u j ; j pw ; F s ; tPl;bw;F ,d;ndhU

kd;dd; mlf;fpNa kfdhd

fhfthdjp];]h itj;jpUe;jhh;. jpfg;igahit muz;kidapd; mtUk; ,uz;L F L k ; g j ; j py ; mDg;GkhW

( K ä k a v a n n a t i s s a)

kidtpapd;

(Kacchaka)

ghJfhtYf;F Nahrid ,Ue;Jk;

epakpj;jhh;. ,Ue;j

midj;J gilf;F

gps;isia

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-206cj;juT Nghl;lhh;. Nfhl;bthyh (Kotthiväla) khtl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;j fhz;lftpj;jpf;fh ,Ue;j VO rk;`h kfd;fs;
(Nimila) ( K h a nd a k a v i t t h ik a) (Samgha)

vd;w fpuhk f i l rp me;j mDg;g

fpuhkj;jpy; mjpfhupf;F kfshd FLk;gj;jpy;

vd;w ,Ue;jhd;. gilf;F

,Ue;jdh;. Nrhk;Nghpahf g p s ; i si a

mtUila

epkpyh

,Ue;Jk;

xU

Ntz;ba epu;ge;jk; Vw;gl;lJ. epkpyh gj;J ahid gyk; n f h z ; l t d ; . N t i y v J T k ; n r a ; a hk y ; jpupe;J $w nfhz;L ,Ue;jjpdhy; gilf;F ehs; xU mjpy; xU ele;J mtu;fSf;F nrd;W gupl ;ir rNfhjuu;fs; mtid mtu;fSf;F mtd; Jhuk; ‘ eP MdhYk; Nahrid mtUk; $wpdhh; mq;F mtu; mDg;GkhW Nrhk;Nghpahfj; kw;w ,y;iy. %d;W j e ; i j a p lk ; vOe;J mtDila tpUg;gk;

tpbaw;fhiy

,sturiu itj;jhh;.

r e;jpj;jhh;. mtuplk; kiyg; gpuhkzu; Ntz;Lk;.

mtDf;F

vd;Dila
(Kundali)

JhJtdhf vd;w vLj;J

rpbah xU tu

gFjpapy; cs;s Jthu kz;lyh vdw; efuj;jpw;Fr; nry;. Fz;lyp nfhLf;Fk; trpf;fpd;whh;. mtu; vd;Dila ez;gu;. nghUl;fis mtuplk; nrd;W

m i j f ; $ w p t l ; L m t D f ; F c z T nf h L j ; J m D g ; g p d h h ; . mtDk; mDuhjGuj;ij Nehf;fp xd;gJ Nahrid Jhuk; ele;J me;j gpuhkziu re;jpj;jhd;. mtid md;Gld; t u N t w ; w t u ; ‘ e P K j y p y ; m e ; j V u p a p y ; F s p j ; J t p l ; L t h’ v d j p ] ; ] h V u p f ; F m t i d m D g ; g pdh h ; . m e ; j V h p f ; F r ; nrd;W Fspj;jg; gpd; Gj;j Nghjp kuj;ij tzq;fpa td; Jhguhkhtpw;Fr; nrd;W efu; KOtijAk; Rw;wpg; ghh;j;J tpl;L eWkzg; nghUl;fs;> Rw;wp jhkiug; thq;fp te;jijf; G+f;fs; fz;L vd mtd; tpae;J gytpjkhd midj;J nghUl;fisAk; ,lq;fisAk; te;jhd;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-207me;j gpuhkzh epidj;jhh;;. ‘, t D i l a rf;jp g p u k pf ; f ,Ue;J itf;fpd;wJ. fr;rfhbj;jhtpy; ele;Nj
(Kacchakatittha)

Jthukz;lyhtpw;Fk; mDuhjGuj;jpw;Fk;

( Dvaramandala) nrd;W te;Js;s

mq;fpUe;J , t D i la

typikiaf; fz;lhy; kd;dd; ,yhuh epr;rakhf ,tid N t i y a py ; i t j ; J f ; n f h s ; t h h ; ’ ‘, t D f ; F itj;Jf; gy

,g;gbahf nfhLj;J fbjk; Ml;fs; Kbia nra;J fl;b k d ; d dp l k ;

vz;zpatu; N t i y a py ; NkYk; kPJ

Mapuk; n f h s ; s T k ;’ ,Ue;j gpd; cilfis

ehzaq;fs; vd kw;w mtd; xU je;J gzp jiy

vOjp mtd;

gupRf;fis mtuplk;

m t d pl k ;

mDg;gpdhh;. rPuikj;J> vd;w (Silk)

nghwhik

nfhz;ldh;.

Fspj;jg; rpwg;ghd Jzpapy;

Gd;dtj;jhd mzpar; ghiff;

( P u n n a v a d d h a na)

rpy;f;

nra;j

jiyg;

kd;ddplk;

mioj;Jr; nrd;wdh;.

k d ;dDk ; mtDf ;F jd; t Pl ;by ; ,Ue;Nj czT je;jhh;. mJ kl;Lk; my ;y gj ;jhapuk; ehzaKk;. tpiy cau ;e ;j g L f ; i f x d ; i w A k ; g u p r h f j ; j e ; J m D g ; g p d h h ; . m tw ; i w vLj;Jf; nfhz;L nrd;w epkpyh jdf;Ff; fpilj;jg; j h a h u p lKk ; gLf;ifia nfhLj;jhh;. md;W ,uNt mtu; jd; gzpapy; Nru;e;J tpl;lhh;. mijf; Nfl;l ,sturu; ,d;dKk; kfpo;r;rp mile;jhh;. nfhLj;J tPl;bw;F kW ehs; mtUld; mDg;gpdhh;. gj;jhapuk; Jizf;F ehzak; xUtiuAk; mtUf;Ff; mDg;gp je;ijaplKk; gzj;ij

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-208mtUk; tpl;L mtw;iwj; kd;dd; jd;Dila mtiu tPuupd; ngw;Nwhh;fsplk; nrd;whh;. epakpj;J je;J mtUk; Rudpkpyh jq ;fpf; fhfthdjp];]htplk; gil

fhkpdpf;F
(Süranimila)

ghJfhtyuhf vd;w

,Ug;gplj;jpy;

nfhs;s mDg;gpdhh;. Fyk;ghup
(Kulumbari)

vd;w

k ht l ; l j ; j p y ;

, Ue ;j

`_z;lupthgp (Hundarivapi) vd;w fpuhkj;jpy; jp];]htpd; vl;lhtJ kfd; ,Ue;jhh;. mtDf;F VO tajhd nghOJ mtd; Nghd;W mtd; ngw;w rpwpa gid kuq;fis nfhz;L ntl;Lthd;> ,Ue;jhd; msT gj;J me;j vd gyk; t a j hd rpWtd;. ngah; nfhz ;L je;ij nghOJ ngupa gid kuq;fisntl;b tPo;j;Jthd;. ahid gyj;ijf; nghpatdhfp nghOJ gj;J mjdhy; k`hNrhdh ahidapd; me;j jd;
(Mahasona)

,Ue;jhhd;. $w

rpWtid g i l a py ;

mtDila fhkpdp

k d ; d dp l k ; m i o j ; J g ; N g h a ; m t D i l a g y j ; i j g ; g w ; w p f ; mtidAk; Nru;j;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. epj;Jthl;bfh
(Giri) (Nitthulavitthika)

khtl;lj;jpy;

,Ue;j

fpup

v d ; w f p u h k j ; j p y ; , U e ; j t u ; k ` h e k h t p d ; k f d hd ahid gyk; kw;w xU kpf;f MW Kiw xU Nfhjfh mtu;fs; Ngha; ,lj;ij kuq;fSk;
(imbara) ( Gothaka)

gj;J

vd;gtu;. Nfyp mUfpy; ,lj;jpy; gpd; fhl;b NtNuhL

mtDila nra;thh;fs;. ,Ue;j Njhl;lk;

rNfhjuu;fSk;

mtid

midtUk; mq;fpUe;j

fhl;bw;Fg; Nghl gy

cOjdh;. ,Ue;j

mjd;

Nfhjfhtplk; gykpf;f

,lj;ij f; kuq;fis

mij cOJ itf;FkhW $wp tpl;Lr; nrd;wdh;. mtDk; ,k;ghuh Nghd;w
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-209gpLq;fp fz;l vwpe;J kw;w tpl;L taiy mtid jahh; ntFthfg; nra;j gpd; mtu;fsplk; nrd;W tptuj;ijf; $w mtDila gyj;ijf; rNfhjuu;fs; Gfo;e;jdh;. m j d h y ; m t D i la n g a u ; ; N f h i j k ; g u h ( G o t h a i m b a r a ) v d Mapw;W. Nfhlh ,lj;jpy; te;jhh;. ,Ue;jhh;. my;yJ g h i w fi s
(Kota)

kiyg;

gFjpapy; vd;w gj;J Jhf;f fpuhkj;

fpl;b

(Kitti)

v d ;w trpj;J kfd; ehd;F f d k hd Nghy nghOJ ntl;l NtNuhL Njuh

Nuh`dh mtUf;F Ie;J jhd; mtUf;Fg;; Ngh;

jiyahup vd;w nghOJ msT ge;J tajhd kuq;fis mtw;iw je;ij

Nfhjiga;ah

( Go t h a b h a ya)

t a j hd Kbe;j

xUtNd mtDf;F kw;Wk; mDg;g

Jhf;fpg; gjpdhW njd;id mtDk;

Nghl;L

tpisahLthd;. e Ps K k h d mtDila xU gid

m t i d K g ; g j ; j p v l ; L m q ; F y j b k Dk ; > g j p d h W f p A + g p f ; je;ij

g p L q ; f p v w p e ; j h d ; . m j d h y ; m t D k ; f h k p d p a p d ; g i l a py ; tPudhf Nru;e;jhd;. rp\;ah;. ,Ue;jtu;
(sotápatti)

mtDila xU Qhd vd;w je;J

k`hRkhtpd; Nfl;Lf; gbahd nfhz;L

Kiw khh;fj;jpd; epiyia tpl;L

N uh ` d h Kjy;

N f h l g g ; g h u h t p y ; ( K o t a p a b b a t a ) k ` h R k h t p d ; N g h j i di a f ; Nrhlhgl;b tPl;il mile;J Njuhtplk;

jd;Dila

kfdplk;

nrd;W gg;g[;[h cgNjrk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L jpahdj;jpy; mku;e;jpUe;jtu; Jwtpahfp tpl;lhh;. fg;gfz;luh
(Kumára) (Kappakandara)

vd;w

fpuhkj;jpy;
(Bharana).

Fkhuh gj;J

vd;gtUila

kfd;

ghudh

m y ; y J g j p i d e ; J t a j h d n g h O J f h l ; b y ; N t l ; i l a hl
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-210jd; ez;gu;fSld; nrd;wtd; Kay;fisj; (hares) Juj;jpg; gpbj;J tajhd fUg;G mjdhy; jdJ fhy;fspdhy; tpLthd;. flk;ig NghyNt tPud; mtw;iw Gkpapy; mbj;J g j p d hW nrd;wtd; kw;Wk; nfhd;whd;. nganuLj;J ,uz;lhfg; khd; gpse;J mtDf;Fg; fh l ; b w ; F r ; khd; vdg; mbj;Jf;
(elks)

nghOJ

ez;gu;fSld; mJ

(antelopes);> (boars)

fubfisAk;

mtd;

khngUk;

fhkpdpapd; irdpaj;jpy; Nru;e;jhd;. fpup khtl;lj ;jpy; ,Ue;j F^k;gpahq ;fdh ( Kutum biyañgana) vd;w fpuhkj;jpy; xU thrgh
(Vasabha)

vd;gtu; nghOJ

,Ue;jhh;. m t U i la Ntyh Foe;ij Fjpiu ‘mij me;j

mtUf;F ez;gUk;
(Vela)

Foe;ijg; te;J

gpw;e;j ngau;

MSdUkhd

Rkd;dh

(Sumana)

kw;Wk; me;j Kbahj $wpdhh;

vd;gtu;fs;

R+l;bdh;. fpupaplk; mlf;f MSdh;

tsu;e;J Nru;e;jhd;. mtd; mlf;F

nghpatdhfpaJk; mtuplk; xUtUk; nrhy;y mtd;

Ntiyf;Fr;

, U e ; j J . ‘v d f ; N f w ; w F j p i u , q ; F s ; s N j ’ v d x U e h s ; N t b f ; i f a hf r ; ghh;g;Nghk;’.

rw;Wk;

jhkjpf;fhky;

F j p i ui a g ; g p b j ; J m j d ; k P J V w p f ; n f h s ; s m J R w ; w p Rw;wp te;J tpl;L mkh;e;J nfhz;lJ. vNjh gy tPuu;fs; mij k Pz ; L k ; MSdh; mlf;fpg; kPz;Lk; gpbj;jpUe;jJ me;j Fjpiu ‘, t d ; vd;w Nghy kPJ mtd; Vwp xUtNd $b Xl;l>

,Ue;jtu;fs; Mr;rupaj;Jld; me;j epfo;rpia ghh;j; jdh;. epidj;jhh;
(Velusumana)

k d ; d dp d ; ehzak; tPuid me;j

g i l f; F je;J jdJ

y h a f ; f h d t d ; ’. NtYRkd;dh

mtDf;F

g j ; j h a pu k ;

gilapy; ,izj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-211k`prNehbfh eFyehfh filrp jj;jp
( M a h i s a d o n ik a)

vd;w

khtl;lj;jpy; mtd;

,Ue;j jj;jp

(Nakulanaga)

vd;w vd;gtd;

fpuhkj;jpy; ,Ue;jhd;. fQ;rNjth

mga;ahtpd;
( K h a ñ j a d e va)

kfdhd

Njth

ele;jjpdhy; jd;

mtDf;F

vdg; ngahpl;ldh;. xU Kiw fhl;bw;F jpupe;J ez;gh;fSld; ,Ue;j nfhz;L fhl;L

kpf;f gyrhypahd mtd; nrd;wpUe;j nghOJ mq;F vUikfspd;
(buffaloes)

fhy;fisg; gpbj;J jiyf;F Nky; Rw;wp G+kpapy; mbj;J vYk;Gfis kd;dd; nehWf;fpf;; nfhd;whd;. mijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l mioj;J fhkpdpapd; gilapy; NrUkhW mtid

Mizapl;lhh;. ftpjh
(Gavita)

vd;w vd;w

,lj;jpy; tpfhupd; kfdhd

,Ue;j

rpl;lygg;gjh te;jtu; Nghjp vLj;J ,Ue;J ngah; Mapw;W. tpy; mk;G kzy;> cLk;guh mq;Fy Nghd;w tz;b
(Phussadeva)

(Cittalapabbata)

mUfpy;

trpj;J

cg;gyhtpd; vd;gtu;. kuj;jpd; ngUk; te;j kpuz;L mtDf;F

(Uppala)

G];]Njth ,Uf;Fk; CJthd;.

mtd; me;j mbapy; xypj; jUk;

tpfhUf;Fr; nrd;why; me;j rq;if Mjpy; tifapy;

itf;fg;gl;L Nfl;L

xypiaf;

mtDld; mjdhy; je;ij

nry;Yk; vd

kw;wtu;fs;

epw;ghh;fs;. mtDila

mtDila

ck;kjG];]Njth

( U m m á d a p h u s s a d e v a)

Jy;ypakhf tz;b gUkdhd

va;Jk; fiyia fw;Wf; nfhLj;J ,Ue;jhh;. mtd; mjpy; jpwikrhypahf xd;Wld; vl;L
(udumbara)

tpsq;fpdhd;. fl;lg;gl;l gjpdhW nra;j kw;Wk;

epiwa EhW

xd;whf kuj;jpy; ,Uk;G

Njhy;fs;>

my;yJ

mq;Fy Mrdk; gpj;jis

gUkdhd kw;Wk; ehY cNyhfk;

gUkdhd

midj;Jk; xd;wd; kPJ xd;whf itf;fg;gl;bUe;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-212k PJ mk;G nrYj;j gf;fk; mtid mJ mtw;iw fhkpdpapd; Jisj;Jf; mijf; gilapy; nfhz ;L NrUkhW mLj;jg; kd;dd; te;J tpOe;jJ. Nfs;tpg;gl;l

mioj;J

Mizapl;lhh;. Jy`huh tp`huthgp
( Matta) (Tuládhára) (Viháravápi)

kiyf;Fg; vd;w thrgh ,Ugjhk; gj;J Fsk;

gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j vd;w tajpy; my;yJ ntl;lr;
(Vasabha )

,Ue;j kl;lh kfd; kpf;f nrd;whd; tpl v d ; g tu ; ; .

fpuhkj;jpy;

vd;gtupd;

kfd;

mtUf;F ,Ue;jhd;. gyrhypahf

ygpathrgh mtDila ,Ue;jhd;. xU

( L a b h i ya v a s ab h a)

gjpide;J

ez;gu;fSld; kz;iz kpff; mtd;

,lj;jpy; kl;Lk;

mtd;. gj;J my;yJ gjpide;J Ml;fs; Njhz;Lk; msT xUtd; kd;dd; Fsk; mtu;fs; nra;tij Fiwthd me;j me;j Neuj;jpy; Njhz;b thrgh vLj;jhd;. fhkpdpapd; Fsk; vd;w mfNt g i l a py ; ngah;

mtidAk; Nru;j;jhh;. mile;jJ. me;j gj;J

mioj;J

tPuu;fSf;Fk; md;ig

me;j

kd;dd;

jd;

kfDf;Fr; mtu;fs; ,lq;fspy; tPuu;fs; tPuu;fs; (11>110)

nrYj;Jk; mile;jdh;. ,Ue;Jk; nfhz;l gil

NghyNt

md;G

nrYj ;j gy

xt;xUtUk; gj;J tPuu;fSf;F rkkhdtu;fs; vd;w ngah; mtu;fs; tPuu;fis xt;xUtUk; Njh;T nra;J me;j gil Mapuk; Mapuk; gj;J

gilia

cUthf;fpdh;.

gy ,lq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk; gil tPuu;fis gyj;ij gjpNdhuhapuj;J Ehw;wpg; t Pu u ; f s h f ; f p d h ; .

mioj;J te;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-213mtu;fSk; ,lj;ijg; vtUf;Fk; k d ; d dp d ; ghJfhj;J j P i k fs ; tp Ug;gg;gbNa te;jdh;. nra;ahky; fhkpdp thOk; ,Ue;j nfhz;L> kdpju;fs; ew;Fzq;fs;

t h o ; f ; i f t r e ; j k hf , U f ; F k ; v d ; g j py ; I a k ; , y ; i y . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh gil ‘Nghh;

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl %d;whk;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

tpupthf;fk;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-21424: ,U rNfhjuu; f spd; Aj; j k;
k ` h f k h t p y ; f h k pdp ( G á m a n i ) v d ; w , U e ; J t e ; j h h ; . m t u ; ths; tpj;ij> tpy; tpj;ij> Fjpiu ,Ue;jhh;. Mz;L rthup Nghd;w midj;jpYk;
( Dighavápi)

jpwikrhypahf me;j nghpa ehl;il ehd;

j p f t h g p a py ; te;jhh;. je;ijf;F mjd; xU mij

,Ue;j jp];]h jd; ngUk; gilapdu; kw;Wk; e h l ; f s py ; fhkpdp jd;Dila

,ujj;Jld; gpd; rpy nra;jp

mDg;gpdhh;.’ Mdhy;

j k p y hf ; f S l d ; je;ij

Nghuplg;

Nghfpd;Nwd;’.

mtUila

tpUk;gtpy;iy. mtiu Aj;jk; nra;tjpy; ,Ue;J jtpu;f;f t p U k ; g p ‘e k f ; F e j p f ; f i u a p d ; , e ; j g ; g F j p N a N g h J k ; ’ vd nra;jp mDg;gpdhh;. jd; je;ij Nfhgk; G+l;b mtUila $wp kfd; %d;W Kiw Mdhy; f i lr p tpl;lhh;. kfDf;F mtidf; j e ; i j a p lk ; mtUila Kiw mijf; jq;f tpUg;gj;ijf; mjw;F eiffis mile;j milj;J m D g ; g pd h h ; . mDg;gp ‘ vd; xopa

,zq;fhjjpdhy; g j p y hf kd;dd; itj;jhy;

ngz;fspd; fz;L tpyq;F

fhg;ghw;w KbahJ ‘ vd KbT nra;jhh;. mijf;
(Malaya)

Nfl;l nrd;W

kfd; tpl;lhh;.

mq;fpUe;J mjdhy;

jg;gp mtUf;F

kyhahTf;Fr; J j ; j f h k p dp

( Dutthagámani) vd;w ngah; Vw;gl;lJ.

,jd; vLj;J

,ilNa Gj;j

me;j fl;b

kd;dd; Kbj;jg;

k`hDfhy gpd; miof;f> ,Ue;J

rpbahit tpoh rpl;lghgjh

( M a h á n u g g a l a - c e t i y a) (Cittalapabbata)

mjw;F

gpl;Ff;fis vd;w ,lj;jpy;

gd;dpuz;lhapuk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-215gpl;Ff;fs; ,lq;fspy; te;jdh;. me;j Kd; tpohtpy; ‘e h q ; f s ; fye;J kd;ddpd; nfhs;s kw;w te;jpUe;j kfd;fSld; j d ; D i la rz;ilapl nrhy;yp (12>000) mq;F te;jdh;. mijj;
(2000)

jtpw

,jw

,Ue;Jk;

,uz;lhapuk;

gpl;Ff;fs;

r p w g ; g h d g j ; J j s g j p f i s Ak ; m i o j ; J G j ; j g p l ; F f ; f s ; khl;Nlhk;’ vd;w rgjj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;sr;

,Ue;jjpdhy; gpd;du; efo;e;j gf;fj;jpYk; Nghupltpy;iy. mWgj;jp ehd;F mtUila mtUila nrd;whs;. jpfthgpapy; je;ijapd; mtUila jd;Dila fd;LyhitAk; nrd;whh;. ehd;F Mz;Lfs; ,we;j kidtp mijf; ,Ue;J , W j pf ; tpfhuhf;fis Ml;rp cliy

rz;ilapy; mtu;fs; ve;j

fl;ba gpd;

kd;dd; ,we;J vLj;Jf; jp];]h te;J

mWgj ;jp Nghdhh;. nfhz;l clNd j d ; D i la gpd; clNdNa ahidahd fpsk;gpr;

nra;j

Nghh;j;jp

jp];]k`hukhtpw;Fr; (Tissamaháráma) Nfs;tpg;gl;l fpsk;gp fld;fis ,Ue;j nfhz;L mq;F

nra;J gl;lj;J

Kbj;jg;

rNfhjuuplk; mioj;Jf;

gaj;jpdhy; j pf t h g p f ; F

j ha h i u A k ; >

m j d ; g p d ; j d J k e ; j p u p f S l d ; f y e ; j h N y h r i d n r a; j t u ; jd;Dila rNfhjuu ; jj;jfhkdpf;F me ;j nra;jpia $wp mDg;gpdhh;. k`hfhkhtpw;F jd;Dila me;j nra;jpiaf; kd;dhf gl;lj;J Nfl;l KbR+l;bf; ahidiaAk; jj;jfhkdp nfhz;L clNd jd;id

jhahiuAk;>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-216jd;dplk; mDg;gpdhh;. njhLj;jhh;. ,lj;jpy; Kg;gd;dh Nghh; mDg;GkhW Kk;Kiw jd;Dila mtu; nra;jp rNfhjuuplk; mDg;gpAk; JhJ jp];]h vd;w cs;s ,Ue;j fLk; kbe;J Gj;j , i lNa vd;gij

mtu;fis mDg;ghjjpdhy; mtu; kPJ Jj;jfhkpdp Nghh;j; ,UtUf;Fk; ,Ue;J
(Muppana)

Fl;l`hyfh iky; ,lj;jpd;

(Guttahálaka)

gj;J vd;w

njhiytpy; mUfpy; ,lj;jpy; Aj;jj;jpy; MfNt nraNy’ vd;w

Fyfhdpagpl;b epfo;e;jJ. xU ‘, J Nghapdh;. gpl;Ff;fs; vOg;gpdh;.

(Culanganiyapitthi )

Mapuf;fzf;fhNdhh; epw;wghby;iy. ,U gpl;Ff;fspd; kiyia Gj;j

Aj;jKk;

rNfhjuu;fSf;Fk;

jp];]h czu;e;jhh;. Fg;gfz;luh
(Javamála) (Kappakandara)

gFjpapy;

,Ue;j

[tkhyh kd;dd; ehd;F

vd;w

,lj;ij czT kd;dd; miog;G Njuh

te;jile;j mspj;jhh;. Gj;j tpLj;jhh;. Nfhjkh mij

j p ] ; ] h t p l k ; ‘v d f ; F g r p f ; f p d ; w J ‘ v d ; W $ w m t U f ; F jq;ff; fpz;zj;jpy; gpupj;j tUkhW ,Ue;j nja;tPf ghfq;fshfg; cztUe;j Nghjidfs;
(Piyangudipa)

gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk; kd;dDf;F mij gpahd;;Fbghtpy;
(Gotama)

nra;jpUe;jtUk;> nrtpfspdhy; jp];]h gpl;irg; jtpw NghyNt

jd;Dila gwe;J mtu; Nghl;L

Nfl;L

Mfhaj;jpy; mDg;gpdhh;. kd;dd;
,sturu;)

nry;YkhW vLj;J

Njuh

vd;gtiu

te;jpUe;j mJ

ghj;jpuj;jpy; jp];]hTk;
(

mtUila jd;Dila

ghfj;ijj;

jd;Dila Fjpiuapd;

ghfj;ijAk; ghfj;ijAk;

tpl;lhh;.

g h f j ; i j Ak ; >

mtUila gpl;irg; ghj;jpuj;jpy; Nghl;L tpl;lhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-217k d ; d dp l k ; ngw;Wf; nrd;whh;. cztpy; jhDk; ,Ue;j ,Ue;J nfhz;l ,Ue;J cz;L me;j gpl;ir Njuh xt;xU ghj;jpuk; mij IEhW ftsr; rpW epiwa c z i tg ; nfhz;L me;j gpd; nfhz;L nfhz;l jpUg;gp jp];]h nf s j k h p l k ; gpf;Ff;fSf;Fk; Nrhw;iwj; je;jg; xl;bf; ngw;Wf; kPz;Lk; nry;y

mq;fpUe;j tpl;L

g U f ; i ff s ; kd;ddplk; mijg; czit k P N j w pr ;

ghj;jpuj;ij gwf;ftpl;lhh;. me;j Fjpiu

n r d ; w il A k ; g b k w ; w t u ; f S ld ;

Mfhaj;jpy; kd;dDk;> Nru;e;J mDg;gpdhh;.

jp];]hTk; gpd; kd;dd;

cz;l

me;j

ghj;jpuj;ij

g l ; l j ; J a hi d k P N j w p A j ; j f s j ; j p w ; F r ; n r d ; w d h ; . k`hfhdhTf;Fj; k Pz ; L k ; Rw;wp Aj;jk; te;Jk; Nky; jpUk;gp nra;ar;; ve;j te;jtu;fs; nrd;wdh;. mWgjhapuk; ,U gil

(60>000) tPuu;fis mioj;Jf; nfhz;L jdJ rNfhjuDld; rNfhjuu;fSk; neUq;f me;j nra;J
)

NeUf;F Neu; Nkhjpdh;. me;j Kbatpy;iy vd;gjpdhy; ahidapd; $u;ikahd m ] ; j pu k ;

gl;lj;J ahidia Rw;wp mtu;fis F j p i ui a Fjpf;fr;
(

tpjj;jpYk; j d ; D i la

gFjpiaj; xd;iw

jhz;b kd;dd;

jj;jfhkpdp

Vtpdhd;. mJ ahidapd; KJfpy; fhaj;ij Vw;gLj;jpaJ. Aj;jj;jpy; gf;fKk; ngz; nfhz;l mku;e;J jg;gp Xb gyUk; rpjwp ahid kbe;J vd; tPzhfpg; t p O e ; j dh ; . kPJ rthup fPNo gae;J NghNdhNk Nkhjp Nrid vd;w ehyh Nfhgk; xU

XbaJ.

n r a ; g t U i la js;s

Mirapdhy;

jp];]hit

k u j ; j p d ; m U f p y ; N g h f m e ; j k u j ; j p d ; k P J j p ] ; ] h Vw p nfhz;lhh;. te;jtu; rNfhjuDf;Fg; %j;j Njuhtpd; mq;fpUe;J nrd;W FbYf;Fr;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-218g L f ; i f m b a p y ; g J q ; f p f ; n f h z ; l h h ; . ‘j p ] ; ] h v q ; N f vdf; Nfl;lthW itj;J mtiu Njb te;j tPl;ilr; Njbdhh;. xU kd;dd; Rw;wp mtu; fhzhky; fhtYf;F Nghdjpdhy; me;j ‘ mtiuf; tPuu;fis fl;bYf;F Jhf;fpg; epd;wdh;. v d ; D i la cd;id ek; vd; nghpJk; nrd;W rpwg;ghf Fyj; ij gof;fKk; k j pj ; j mioj;J Mz;L

mtiuj; fl;b ‘

mbapy; xspe;J nfhz;L ,Ue;jijf; fz;ltufs;; mtiu gLf;ifAld; NghtJ Nghy jj;jfhkpdp FLk;gj;ijr; Nfhioiag; ehrkhf;f my;y.’ jd;Dila mWgj;jp te;jhh;. mjw;Fg; gpd; mtkhdkile;j Gyg;glhky;
(Godhagatta)

Nru;j;J vLj;Jr; $ w pdh h ;

,we;jtiu Kd; eP

nrd;W

kd;dd ; nghpatd;. tpl;L mJ jhd;

jp];]h

Nru;e;j Nghyf; nfhd;W gpd; tpUk;gtpy;iy. $wpa

ehd; ,g;gbf;

jhahiu vl;L

k`hfkhtpw;Fr; ehl;il

te;J mWgj;jp vl;L tpfhuhf;fis f; fl;ba me;j kd;dd; Mz;Lfs;

jp];]h Njuhit NjuhTk;

v t U i la nrd;whh;. re;jpj;j j d ; D ld ; nfhz;L jp];]hit

fz;fSf;Fk; jp];]h Nghf IEhW

j p f t hg p f ; F j ; nrd;W me;j jhd;

Nfhjfl;lhtpw;Fr;

j d ; D i la gpl;Ff;fis epw;f

rNfhjuUld; $wpdhh;. jd;Dld; itj;J Njuhit

rkhjhdkhfg;

tpUk;Gtjhff;

mioj;Jf; nrd;whh;. tpl;L

jp];]hTld; thrypNyNa cs;Ns

kd;ddplk;

gpl;Ff;fSld; tuNtw;w kd;dd;

nrd;w

md;Gld;

mtUf;F czTk; gupRfSk; nfhLj;J mkur; nrhd;dhh;. me;j jPatd; vq;Nf vdf; Nfl;l kd;ddplk; Njuh xU
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-219gpl;ir ghj;jpuj;ij te;Js;Nshk;’ tp`huNjtp kfDf;Fg; ‘ehq;fSk; rhkdPuhit jtW mtUk; vd;W clNd f h l ; b jp ] ; ] h i t e h q ; f s ; m i o j ; J mtu; ,Ue;j epd;whs;. Kd; ,lj;ijf; nrd;W Njuhtplk; mDg;gp fhl;bdhh;. j d ; D i la k d ; d d; ; ePq;fs; ,Ue;jhy; vd;W mtu; $w kdk; thapYf;F Xbr;

ghJfhg;ghf cq;fSila VO

Ntiyf;fhuu;fNs.

tUlj;jpw;F vd;Dila jtiw

ehq;fs; rz;ilNa Nghl;bUf;fj; Njit ,y;iy. MfNt nra;jtu; ‘nra;j rNfhjuNu.’ czh;e;J

tUe;Jfpd;whh;;’ vd;whh;. ‘Kjypy; kd;dd; nfhz;L; ehl;by; gzpj;jhh;. mwptpj;jhh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp k hh ; f j ; j p y ; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top ehd;fhk; Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘ ,U ePq;fs; te;j me;j czT mUe;Jq ;fs;’ nra;a vd;W $wpa

tpUe;jhspfSf;Fr; gpl;Ff;fSf;F gzpfis ehL KOtJk;

N t z ; b a ij mJ

Kjypy; nra;j gpd; jd;Dila rNfhjuiuAk; mioj;J f; kj;jpapy; Nkw; mku;e;jhh;. mWtilf; fhyk; mWtil mij vd;gjpdhy; jd;Dila jz;Nlhuh r N f h j ui u Nghl;Lk;

g h h ; i t a p L k hW

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j ghfkhd

%u;j;jpapd;

r N f h j u u ; f s p d ; A j ; j k ; ; ’ v d ; w g Fj p K b T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-22025: jj; j fkhdp ntw; w p ngw; w hh;
jd; kf;fSf;F Njitahd e d ; i k fi s Vwp ngUk; $wpdhh; nrd;W nra;j gpd;

jj;jfhkpdp mjd; topNa gpd;

,ujj;jpy; Gj;j

gilapdUld; nrd;whh;. ehd; jiu rkaj;ij ePq;fs; tu ‘ Gj;j

jp];]k`hukhit ejpf;F

(Tissamaháráma)

Nehf;fpr;

gpl;Ff;fsplk; gf;fk; vq;fSf;F

me;jg; gug;g

, d ; D k ; n r o p f ; f i t g ; N g d ; ’. m e ; j y l ; r p a j ; i j m i l e ; J n f h s ; i f fi s g ; IEhW Jizahf nrd;wdh;. nry;Yk; ahid Ntz;Lk;’ vd;W Ntz;bdhh;. mtu; kPJ ,uf;fk; nfhz;l gpl;Ff;fs; kd;dDld; kyhahTf;F ghijapd; k PJ
(Malaya) nrd;W

m q ; F r k a k h w ; w j ; i j V w ; g L j ; j p a g ; g pd ; ,Ue;J mDuhjGuk; gl;lj;J mile;J fz;Lyh

j Pg f w ; g j ; j p y ; Nkw;F

gFjpia

Vwpf; nfhz;L jd;Dila gil tPuu;fs; R+o jhNd Aj;j fsj;jpw;F Fl;l`hyfh mile;jdh;. k`pahq;fdhtpw;F
(Damila
Chatta)

fpsk;gpr;

nrd;whh;.

k`hfkhtpd; gpd; gFjpia

midj;Jg; , Ue ;j m t u ; f s;

g F j p f i s Ak ;

gpbj;Jf;

nfhz;l vd;w

vQ;rp

(Guttahálaka)

(Mahiyangana)

nrd;W ntd;W Xbf; ngupa ehl;L mtu;

jkpyh vd;w

rl;lh efiu ,Ue;j

vd;w me;j

kd;did efupy; me;j

jkpyhf;fisf; nfhz;L

nfhd;w ejpapd; mfop khjk;

gpd;

mk;ghb`fh njhl;lthW

(Ambatitthaka)

nrd;wile;jhh;.

fiuiaj;

gJq;Ff; jkpyh VO

F o p a hd kd;dd; ehY kpf;f

,Ue;jJ. Mapw;W. me;j

jpj;jk;ghTld;

(Titthamba)

Aj;jk;

nra;J

Kbf;f gyk;

fl;lj;jpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-221jkpyh ,sturu;fisf; tQ;rkhfj; ek;gp nfhd;whh;. Njhw;fbf;f jhahiu tu me;j Ntz;b Aj;j Aj;jj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. thf;FWjp fsj;jpy; j j ; j f h k pdp Nfkuhkh jpj;jk;ghit mspj;jij Kd;dpiyg;

mtUila jhahiu jhd; kze;J nfhs;tjhf jd;Dila nfhz;L me;j g L j ; j pf ; mtid ngau;

Njhw;fbj;jhh;.

,lj;jpd;

(Khemáráma) vd Mapw;W.

md;juNrhgh
(Dona
Nálika) Gavara)

(Antarásobbha

)

vd;w

,lj;jpd;

kd;ddhd

k`hf;Nfhl;lh (Mahákotta) vd;gtiuAk;> Njhdh nfstuh vd;gtiuAk;> eypNrhgh `yNfhy <];]upahitAk;
(Nálisobbha (Hálakola
Issariya)>

ehypfhitAk; kw;Wk;

N j h w ; f b j ; j h h ; . j p f g h y a fy ; y f h ( D i g h á b h a y a g a l l a k a )
(Kacchatittha)

fr;rhpj;jh
(Dighabhaya)

jpfghahtpYk; Njhw;fbj;jhh;. t`pj;jhtpy; fkhdpapd; Fk;ghitAk;
(Nandigáma

,Ue;j

k d ; d u ; f i sj ; itAk;> Fk;gfhkh

N f h l d h f u h t p y ; ( K o t a n a g a r a ) N f h l ; l h ( K o t a ) v d ; g t i u Ak ; > `yth`dhfh
( V a h i t t h a) (Hálavahánaka)

j k py h
(Gám a n i) >

t`pj;jhitAk;> ee;jpfhkh e j ; j p fhi t A k ;

fkhdpiaAk;
Nandika)>

( Kum bagáma Kum ba)>

f D f k ht p y ; cd;kuhitAk;

(Khánugama) ( Unnama)

fDitAk;> > [k;G

jk;gh

kw;Wk; cd;dkhtpy; khkd; kUkfd;fshd jk;gh (Tamba) kw;Wk; vd;gtiuAk; Njhw;fbj;jhh;. jd;Dila kf;fisf; ,j;jid ,dj;jtu;; vd;W nfhy;fpd;wdh; f\;lq;fisAk; $lg; ghh;f;fhky; vd;w jhq;fpf; fUj;J nfhz;L gilapdh; kd;ddpd; r f ; j pia

nrtpapy; te;J tpOe;jJ. mjw;F mtu; $wpdhh; ‘ ehd;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-222nryT nra;J ,e;j Aj;jk; nra;tjpd; fhuzk;; MfNt Vw;Wf; Vw;Wf; r k ; G j ; j u pd ; v d ; D i la nfhz ;L n f h z ; Nl rkaj;ijg; gilapdh; me;j gug;Gtjw;Fj;jhd;. cz;ikia

k d j py ; kdjpy;

rj;jpaj;ij

NghupLfpd;wdh;. capu; gpioj;j jkpyhf;fs; ,Ue;J ,Ue;j mjd; mq;fpUe ;Jj; , Ugj;jp fhythgp ngah; jg;gp Xb iky; vd;w

mDuhjGuj;jpy; njhiytpy; mile;jdh;;.

ehd;F
(Kalavapi)

ejpf ;fiuapd; mUfpy ; cs ;s tp[pjefuhit ( Vijitanagara) g p d ; d du ; fz;lthugpl;b
( K h a n d h á v á r a p i t t h i) v d M a p w ; W .

t p [ p je f u h i t f ; Ntiyia mjw;F Nrhjpf;f mtidj; gag;glhky; mjDld; me;j

ifg;gw;w

epidj;j x g; g i l f ; f j ;

kd;dd;

me ;j kPz;Lk; mJTk; rw;Wk; gpbj;J Nghl;L f;

e e ; j p k pj ; j h t p l k ; vz;zpatu; Juj;JkhW Juj;jpr; mjDila r z ; i lg ;

j Pu ;khdpj ;jhh;. f z ; L y h it

Kd;Ndhbahf

mtDila gl;lj;J Vtp nry;y ,U mij me;j

jpwikia ahid tpl;lhh;. mtd; Kl;bg; epfo;rp je;jj;ijAk;

e e ; j p k pj ; j h i t j ;

Nghl;L

nfhz;L mkUk; epiyapy; mjd; cliy ahid mlq;fpaJ.

mOj ;jpdhd;. e i l ng w ; w

fpuhkj;jpd; ngah; `hj;jpNghuh (Hatthipora) vd Mapw;W. mijj; njhlh;e;J tp[pjefuh kPJ kd;dd; gilnaLf;f r; nry;y njd;Gw thapypy; me;j tPudpd; jiyikapy; fLk; rz;il Ftpj;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

ele;J

nfhz;L

,Ue;jJ.

fpof;Fg;

gf;fk;

rz ;ilapl;l k d ;dd ; NtYRkd;dh jkpyhf;fisf; nfhd;W

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-223jkpyhf;fs; efUf;Fs; EioAk; fjTfis %bdh;. kd;du; mtu;fisj; e e ; j k pj ; j h k`hNrhdh> %d;W Rtu;fSk; fjTfis cUf;fp ahidapd; typ Juj;jpg; kw;Wk; gpbj;J mopf;f jd; g i l a p di u f z ; L y h> mDg;gpdhh;. Aj;jk; nra;a njd;Gw thapYf;F RudpkpyhitAk;> kw;Wk; kw;w Nfhjh NjuGj;jh

thapy;fSf;F Nghd;Nwhiu Kbahj ahid Nfhl;ilf;

mDg;gpdhh;. me;j muz;kidapd; kjpy; Rtw;iwr; Rw;wp mfopfs; ,Uk;Gf; ,bj;Jj; fha;r;rpa gpd;Gwj;jpy; Kbahky; ntl;lg;gl;L;> fjTfSk; J hf ; f p g ; cilf;f ,Ue;jd. Nghl;L

Jk;gpf;ifahy;

f w ; f i sj ;

js;spaJ.

cs;spUe;j

jkpyhf;fSk; m e ;j Vw;gLj ;j mq;fpUe;j

gy tpjkhd MAjq;fshy; mijj; jhf;fpdh;. mjd; kPJ c N y h f j ; i j f; mJ gyj;j Xba mywp nfhl;l fhaj;ij ahid

nghWf;f

F s j ; j p y ; n r d ; W mk u ; e ; J n f h z ; l J . ‘,J ,lk; e Pu p y ;

Nghijj; my;y. ,Ue;J

jUk; Ngh>

Ruh

ghdk;

(surá-draught)

mUe;Jk; js;S ’ ahid kw;w

Ngha;

fjit

cilj;Jj; me;j te;J

vdf; Nfhijk;guh

(Gothaimbara)

Mizapl ntspapy;

ntwpNahL

ahidfSld; Nru;e;J Aj;j epiyf;F jahuhapw;W. me;j fhaj;Jf;F jltpf; gLj;jpa =yq;fhit A j ; j j ; j p y ; a hid nfhLj;J kd;dd; ahidapd; kUe;J Nghl;L cw;rhfg; ‘Ngh> cdf;Fj;

jUfpd;Nwd;’ vd;W $wpdhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-224mjd; gpd;du; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; fhaj;Jf;F kUe;J Nghl;L tpl;lg; mjd; mij me;j gpd; > gyklq;F kPJ kbj;j vUikj; Njhy;fis % b> Xba KJfpd; itj;J> Jzpahy; gpswpf; thapiy jhf;fp ed;whf nfhz;L

ahidapd; KJfpd; kPJ ftrk; G+l;b> mij cw;rhf%l;b mDg;gpdhh;. ahidAk; gaq;fukhfg; muz;kid j d ; D i la f j T fi sf ; js;sp kPJ

je;jj;jpdhy; kpjpj;J KJfpy; tpOe;J

%u;fj;jdkhfj; me;j

cilj;J fPNo js;sp jd;Dila fhy;fspdhy; fjTfis cilj;jJ. mkh;e;J mtidf; js;spa fjit ,Ue;j js;spaJk;> fPNo cilj;Jj; ee;jkpj;jhtpd; Kd;G n g h O J m j p y ; , U e ; J c i l e ; J n j w pj ; j g F j p f s ; m j d; ,Ue;J fPNo j d ; D i la fz;l

je;jq;fisg; gpbj;J fPNo js;spa mtd; ,g;NghJ jhd; cilj;Jj; fjtpdhy; tpOe;jijf; fz;LyhTk; kdjpy; jhd; mtidg; gop jPu;j;Jf; nfhz;L t p l ; l J N g h y k f po ; e ; j J . me;j ,e;j fjit ahid vd me;j cilj;Jj; cilj;j js;spa topNa jhNd fz;Lyh ehd; Vd; ntw;wpg; nry;y fpA+gpl; mtUk; topNa Nfhjh ,UtUk; topNa tz;bapd;

G d ; d i f A l d ; e e ; j pk p j ; j h i t j ; j p U k ; g p g ; g h h ; f ; f m t d ; ‘ gFjp Ntz;Lk;’ js;spdhh;. mJ jd;Dila efUf;Fs;
(Gotha)

epidj;jgb

gjpndl;L

cauKk; vl;L crgh ePsKk; nfhz;l Rtw;iw ,bj;Jj; ahid RUdpkpyhitg; ghh;f;f gFjp topNa mJ
(Sona)

cilj;jg;

nry;y

tpUk;ghky; gFjp

gyj;ijf; kw;Wk;

nfhz;L

cilj;j

gpuNtrpj;jhh;. Nrhdh gyj;ijf; E i o e ; j dh ; .

NghyNt Nghd;w gFjp xU

jq;fSila efUf;Fs;

nfhz;L ahid

cilj;j cile;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-225rf;fuj;ijAk;> $l;ilAk;> xU jd;Dila gpuNtrpj;J thisAk;> k pj ; j h
(Mitta)

me;j

tz;bapd; epkpyh

mkUk;
(Nimila)

Nfhjh

Njq;fha; kuj;ijAk;> gid vLj;Jf; fz;fspy;

k`hNrhdh mq;F

k u j ; i j Ak ; > nfhz;L gl;l

NjuGl;lh efUf;Fs; midj ;J

fopiaAk;

j k P y h f ; f i s A k ; n fh d ; W j P u ; j ; j d h ; . ,g;gbahf ehd;F khjk; Aj;jk; nra;J tp[pjhefuhitg; gpbj;j efUf;Fr; nfhd;whh;. CUf;Fr; mijg; efiu xd;W mfop nrbf; efiuf; Ntz;b nrd;W e Pu ; j ; ,d;Wk; kd;dd; nrd;W nrd;w ghJfhj;J ifgw;wpdhh;. kpfTk; mq;fpUe;J fpupa kd;dd; te;j me;j fpupfyh
(Giriya)

vd;w vd;w

jkpyh ehd;F gilj; efuj;jpd; f j T f s p d; mit

vd;w khjq;fs;

kd;didf; Nghupl ;L nfhd;W t o p f s py ; %d;W n g u pa flk;gh me ;j gpbf ;f

mq;fpUe;J

k`pyhefuh

( Ma h e l a na ga r a)

jiytidf; gpujhd ,Ue;jJ> ntspNa kw;w

gykhd

fhtypy;

Eio thapy;fspy; ,Ue;j Njhz;lg;gl;L neUf;fkhf je;jpu nfhbapdhy; ifg;gw;w ,Ue;jJ. fhrh jpUtpoh me;j ,Uf;FkhW

ntspg;Gwk; ,Ue;j MfNt filg;

njhpahky;

tsu;f;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. topKiwiaf; kiyg; khjj;jpy; ngahpy;

%lg;gl;L mq;fpUe;J

mDuhjGuj;ij gFjpapy; nghpa Vup tpoh xd;W

Nehf;fpr; ikakpl;L Njhz ;b vLj;jhh;. vd;w

(Kása)

n[l;lKyh

(J e ttham üla)

vd;w Vup

g[;[l;lhefuh

(Pa j j o ta n ag a r a)

fpuhkj;jpy; cs;sJ. jj;jfhkdp Aj;jj;jpw;F tUtij mwpe;J nfhz;l ,yhuh

( E l a r a ) k e ; j p u p r i g i a f ; $ l ; b M N y h r i d n r a ; j h h ; . ‘m e ; j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-226kd;dd; epiw MfNt xU nghpa Nghu; vg;gb tPuu;> Nghh; nra;jg; Fwpj;J mijj; jtpw vjpu; mtuplk; cs ;sdh;. nfhz;L jhNk j p w i k r h y pa h d mtu;fis vd tPuu;fSk; gpd;

jpwikahf

NghupLtJ’ jd;Dila gpd;

MNyhrid mJ

kWehs;

Aj;jj;ij Jtf;fyhk; vd KbT nra;jdh;. jj;jfhkdpAk; j h a h u pl k ; MNyhrid nra;jg; gil mtSila MNyhridg;gb Kg;gj;jp ,uz;L

t Pu u ; f S f ; F e L N t j h d ; e p d ; W n f h z ; l h h ; . m i j r ; R w ; w p ,d;Dk; gyiu muRf; nfhbfis Jhf;fpg; Nghfr ; nra;J mtu;fSf;F eLNt jhd; nry;tJ Nghy cUt n g h k ; i k i a Ak ; e l f ; f t p l ; l h h ; . k`hgg;gl;jh vwpf; R+o> nfhz;l ngUk;
(Mahápabbata)

vd;w

gl;lj;J gil

ahid

kPJ

kd;dd;

,yhuh>

jd;idr;

Rw;wp

N j u ; g il

vz;zpf;ifapyhd

tPuu;fSld;

A j ; j j ; j p w ; F t e ; j h h ; . f L i k a h f e i lg ; n g w ; w A j ; j j ; j py ; j p w i k r h y p a h d j pf [ d ; J ( D i g h a j a n t u ) M f h a j ; j p y ; g w e ; J nrd;W gpd; nfhd;W ntl;b nrd;w kd;ddpd; Kjy; me;j tPo;j;j cUt gil nghk;ikia tPuu;fis ntl;b thshy; t P o ; j ; j pa ntl;bf; midj;J gilapdiu nfhy;yr; jd;Dld; mtiu epiyg; tPrpdhh;.

cly;fspd; mLj;J nrd;W Kd;Ndwpr; tPudhf

ghfq;fis kd;ddpd; kd;didf; jdpahf Nfl;L

,lq;fspYk;

vyhuhit>

,Ue;jhy; vdf;

rz;ilapl

i j u pa K z ; l h

mtkhdg;gLj;jpg; Ngrpdhh; RUkpyh. jpf[d;J $tpathW jLf;f ‘K j y py ; mtiu ,tidf; Jhf;fpg; nfhy;fpNwd;’ te;jhh;. RUkpyhit vdf; mtiuj; me ;j

Nehf;fpg;

gha;e;J gpbj;j

Nflaj;ijj;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-227Nflaj;Jld; Mfhaj;jpy; Nflaj;ij jd;Dila RUkpyh. ,uz;lhfg; ,Ue;J tpyf;fpf; gpsf;fpd;Nwd; Nehf;fpg; jpf[d;J vLj;J vd;W gha> fPNo $tpagb RUkpyh tpOe;jhh;. nfhd;whd; gy mtid nfhs;s

Ntypdhy; G];]Njth

mtiuf; rq;if

Fj;jpf;

Cjpagb

j k p y h f ; f i s f ; n fh d ; w h d ; . g i l r p j w p X b a J . v y h u h T k ; j g ; g p X b d h h ; . , w e ; J t p O e ; j m t U i l a g i l t p u u ; f s pd ; clypy; ,Ue;J ntspNawpa ,uj;jk; me;j VupiaNa ,uj;j rptg;ghf;fpaJ. mJ Kjy; me;j ,lk; Fyd;jthgp
(Kulantavápi) vd;w ngah; ngw;wJ.

‘ v d ; i d j ; j t p w v t U k ; v y h u h i t nf h y ; y f ; $ l h J ‘ v d kd;dd; $wpa Juj;jpf; mwptpg;ig gpd; gl;lj;J nfhz;L ntspaplr; ahidapd; nrhd;dhh;. KJfpNywp njw;Fg; ,g;gbahff; vyhuhitj; gFjpia

mDuhjGuj;jpd;

te;jile;jhh;. me;j vyhuh gFjpapy; jd;dplk; Jhz;b ,U kd;du;fSk; fLikahf Vt> Nkhjpdh;. Fdpe;J

,Ue;j

m ] ; j p uj ; i j ahidia jd;Dila

n f h z ; L m i j j t p u ; j ; j h h ; j j ; j f h k d p . m L j ; J j d ; D i la ahidia Fj;jp mtUila nra;J> je;jj;jpdhy; m];jpuj;ij kuzk; milar;

v y h u h k P J V t p mt i u f ; n f h d ; w h h ; . ,g;gbahf Kg;gj;jp ,uz;L jkpyh k d ; d u ; f i s Ak ;

m o p j ; J = y q ; f h t p d ; m i d j ; J g ; g F j p f i s A k ; j d ; D i la x N u F i l a p d ; f P o ; n f h z ; L t e ; j h h ; k d ; d u ; j j ; j f h k p d p. mjd; gpd; jd;Dila xU gilfs; Nah[id R+o Jhu jiy msT efUf;Fj; gug;gstpy; jpUk;gpa kd;dd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-228,Ue;j kf;fis tutopj;J vyhuhtpd; ,Wjpr; rlq;Ffis nra;jhh;. mtiu Gijj;j ,lj;jpidg; me;j Gdpjg; gLj;jpa n r d ; w hy ; gpd; mq;F xU topghl;Lj; jyj;ij mikj;jhh;. ,d;Wk; ,yq;ifapd; nksdkhf kd;du;fs; ,lj;jpw;Fr; kupahij ,Ue;jtz;zk; n r Y j ; j h k y;

jpUk;Gtjpy;iy. tp[pjefuhit gilapy; gy;Yf;fh vyhuhtplk; Aj;jj;jpy; jj;jfhkpdp mopf;Fk; vd;gtUila MfNt me;j nfhs;s Kd; gyk; mtiu ,lj;jpw;F vyhuhtpd; kUkfdhd Fwpj;J clNd tUk;gb

,Ue;j
(Bhalluka)

jpf[d;J

jd;Dila

$wp ,Ue;jhh;. fye;J

miog;G tpLj;jdh;. jd;Dila mWgjhapuk; gil ( 60>000) t Pu u ; f S l d ; f p s k ; g p a t u h y ; v y ; y h u h t p d ; k u z k ; mi l e ; J V o h t J e h s ; j h d ; m q ; F t u K b e ; j J. t U k ; t o p a p N y N a v y h u h k u z k ; m i l e ; j n r a ; j p f p i lf ; f m t u ; m t k h d k ; mile;jhYk;> cWjpahf Nfhyhk;gy`h ‘j h d ; ,Ue;J Nghupl Ntz;Lk;’ mUfpy; fpuhkj;jpy; vd;w vd;gjpy; ,Ue;j jd; mDuhjGuj;jpd;

(Kolambahãlaka)

gilapdUld; te;J jq;fpdhh;. mijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l kd;du; te;J gy;Yf;fhTld; te;j Jtf;fpdhh;. mk;G gapd;W eil va;tjpy; ,Ue;j Ie;J tpjf; fiyiaAk; ,Ue;jhh;. Aj;j j p w i k a hf g ; fLikahf ,Ue;J ngUk; gilapdUld; kPJ mq;F

g i l a p du ;

Aj;jj;ijj;

ck;kjG];]NjthTk; nrd;W ,Ue;j n f h z ;L

( U m m á d a p h u s s a d e v a)

kd;dUf;Fj; ngw;Wf;

Jizahfr;

fsj;jpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-229gl;lj;J thq;fj; kd;du; ntw;wp ahid fz;LyhTk;> mijf; kw;w fz;L gilapdUk; mjpu;r;rp ,e;j mtuplk; NghFk; xU gpd; Jtq;fpdh;. nfhz;Ls;s Nfl;f mile;j Nghh;fspy; ahidapd; $wpdhh;> ,lj;ij , l j ; j py ;

c k ; k h j G] ; ] h t p l k ;

‘v j ; j i d N a h

irdpak; ck;khjG];]h

j i y i k a py ; V d ; g p d ; t h q ; f p f ; n f h z ; L t p l ; l J ? ; v d f ; ftiyNahL ‘gpd; ahid thq;FtJ ntw;wp milag; mUfpy;

j Pu ; k h d p f ; f j ; j h d ;’. A j ; j K i d a p y ; , U e ; J g p d ; t h q ; f p a k`htpfhuhTf;F ,Ue;j nrd;W epd;wJ. jj;jfhkpdp epd;wpUe;jhh;. me;j jd;Dila thia thspdhy; %bf; nfhz;L

mijf; fz;L mtu;fis Juj;jpf; nfhz;L te;j jkpyh ghYf;fh mq;fpUe;j

,lj;jpw;F

j j ; j f h k p d p i a g y t h W N f y p n r a ; j hh ; . m t U i l a t h a py ; xU mk;G tpl;L tPo;j;jpdhy; vd;d vd ,Wkhg;Gld; mk;G Xd;iw Nfypahf k d ; d dp d ; nfhz;L ,Ue;jth; Neuj;jpy; Fdpe;jgb mtUila gpbgl;Lf; thia Nehf;fp nrYj;jpa gpd; m l ; l f h r k hf r ; n r Y j ; j pa vz;zp;f; nfhz ;L fz Jisj;Jf; t p O e ; j tu ; Kd; Nghy rpupj;Jf; thiaj; kPz;Lk; thia va;a> fPNo nfhz;L Jisj;J epd;whh;. tpl;lJ xU mtu; vd

mk;G thspy; Nkhjp cile;J tpOe;jJ. jhd; va;j mk;G ml;lfhrkhfr; Nehf;fp mJ G];]Njth mtUila jkpyh rpupj;Jf; thiaj; gy;Yf;fh. mtu;

mk;ig

n f h z ; L f h j z p fis n j h l > m y w p a g b K d ; G w k ; j i y i a tpOe;jhu; fhy;fis Nehf;fp ,d;ndhU mk;ig G];]Njth tPr mJ Koq;fhiyj;; fple;j xU Jisf;f rpiwg; kd;ddpd; gwitiag;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-230rh\;lhq;fkhf ek];fupj;j epiyapy; jd;Dila Kfj;ijj; kd;did Nehf;fpg; ghu;j;jgb fPNo tpOe;jhh;. jhd; nra;j jtiw Rl;bf; fhl;l tpUk;gpa G];]Njth ,uj;jk; Nfl;lhh;. ngw;Wf; Nfl;l
kd;dd;

jd;Dila ‘mij

fhjzpAld;

fhJ

Edpia vd

ntl;b

n f h l ; b f ; n f h z ; L , U e ; j m i j k d ; d dp l k ; f h l ; l m t U k ; vjw;fhf fhl;Lfpwha;’ mtdplk; ehd; vdf;
mjhtJ

G];]Njth nfhz;Nld;’ k d ; d dp l k ;
xUtdpd; )

‘, u h [ vdf; ‘e h d ; mk;G $w

jz;lidia mJ vjw;fhf
(

cq;fs; va;J Nghy

f h j z pi a tPoj;jpNdd; ePAk;

vd;w

jtiwf; kpfTk;

fhl;lNt vdf; $wpdhd;. mijf; Nfl;l kd;dd; $wpdhh; ‘ cd; mk;igg; c z ; i k a py ; cau;e;jtd;’ vd mtidg; ghuhl;bdhh;. midj;Jj; jkpyhf;fisAk; nfhd;W Ftpj;jg; gpd; Aj;j G+kpapy; mq;F ele;j ,Ue;J ntw;wp Ml;lk; muz;kidf;Fj; FwpfFk;; ghl;bd; jpUk;gpdhh; tifapy; kd;du;. khbapy; tpohitf;

kj;jpapy;

G];]Njthtpd; mij

mk;gpid vLj;J G+kpapy; el;L mJ kiwAk; tiu mjd; cauj;jpw;Fg; gzq;fisf; nfhl;b G];]NjthTf;F nfhLj;jhh;. muz;kid %f;ifj; nfhz;bUf;f> gLf;ifapy; k h b a py ; Jisf;f> mw;Gjkhd jd; ele;J thrid nfhz;L ,Ue;j eldk; %lg;gl;L tpl;l me;j kzk; ele;J ,Ue;j kdJld;

nfhz;lhl;lj;jpy;

jputpaq;fspd;

espdkhf Jzpfshy; nra;J

flikia

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-231Mahrkhf r y d j ; i j Ak ; tpl jhd; mkh;e;J ,Ue;j kd;dd; mtu; ve;j ve;j vd t p j k hd t p j k hd g y p a h fp epidj;jgb fhl;ltpy;iy. fhuzkhfp

re;Njh\Kk; glhky; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhdtu;fs; tpl;NlNd mikjpahf mku;e;jpUe;jhh;. gpahFz;bgh Nfs;tpg;gl;L khspiff;F kd;du;. gw;wpf; mu`d;j; me;j
(Piyangudipa)

vd;w vl;L Mfhaj;jpy; tuNtw;W

mu`d;j; gwe;jgb mkur; te;j

mij te;J nrhd;d

jd;Dld; mDg;gpdh;.

,Ue;j

m u ` d ; J f ; f is

,wq;fpatu;fis Nfl;lhh;.

md;Gld; Neuj;jpy;

mtrukhf

fhuzj;ijg; gpahd;Fbgh njhptpj ;jdh;.

mtu;fSk; cs;shh;

jq;fis vdj;

mDg;gp

k d ; d dp d ; m i k j p a w ; w k d i j N j w ; w p r k h j h d g ; g L j ; j Nt jhk; te;jjhfTk; $wpdh;. gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhNdhh; kuzk; mile;J t p l f ; f hu z k h f p tpl;l jd;id vg;gbj; Njw;w KbAk; vd kd;du; Nfl;lhh;. me;j Nghf kd;dh> cd;dplk; kl;LNk %lu;fs;> Aj;j JwtpfNsh Ntz;ba eP ‘ ,e;j cd; xUtu; r k ; g t j ; j pdh y ; top m i lg l ; L g ; xd;wiw
(One

nrhu;fj;Jf;Fg; Nghftpy;iy
and a half)

nfhd;Ws;sJ te;jhh;.

k d p j i uj h d ; .

nrhh;fj;jpw;F ,uz;lhktu; mtu;fisj; Ie;J jtpw

nry;y kw;w

tpUk;gp mitUk; ,e;j

Nghjidfis

fw;wwpe;jtu;.

tpyq;Ffisg;

Nghd;wtu;fs;. jPatu;fis

cd;Dila mopj;j

ew;nraypdhy; Gj;j rkak; gd; klq;F gyg;gl;L cs;sJ. jh;kj;ij filgpbj;J k d ; d h> f t i y i a k w > e p k ; k j p a h f , U’ v d ; w d h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-232mijf; Nfl;l eP kd;ddu; cztUe;j jhd; epk;kjp $lhJ’ mile;jhh;. ‘Gj;j vd;w xU jdf;F jd;Dila epidj;Jg; mjw;F nra;jhh;. nghJ kd;dd; kf;fSf;F mopj;J ed;ik tpl;lhy; elf;f mJ elf;f Ntz;Lk; jh;kj;ij vd;gjw;fhf; kPwhky; xU jhd; ngw;Nwhu; ghh;j;jhh;;. nfhLj;jpUe;j gpl;Ff;fSf;F mwpTiwia F L i t a py ; vd K bT

nfhLf;fhky;

jtWjyhf

,Ue;j rpwpJ kpsif cgNahfpj;jJ epidtpw;F te;jJ. ehd; gupfhuk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;

j Pa t u ; f i s >

nfhLikf;fhuu;fis

nfhiyahfhJ. ,Uf;Fk;

nra;jJ jtW vd mtu; tUj;jg; glf;$lhJ. jPatu;fis mopg;gjpdhy; kl;LNk fhupaj;ij tpLgLthh;fs;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh gpw;fhyj;jpy; nra;gtu;fs; e d ; i ki a mg ;gbg ;gl;l ,Ue;J kdjpy; itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Jd;gj;jpy;

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

, U g j ; j p I e ; j h k ; ; g h f k h d ‘j j ; j f h k p d p a p d ;

n t w ; w p ’ v d ; w g Fj p K b T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-23326: khupftl; b tp`huh

khngUk; xd;wikj;J fpilf;f

kd;dd; mjpy; Vw;g ‘,J top

jhd; rpy guprhf jdf;Ff; vd;W $wp gil

ntw;wp ,lq;fis

ngw;w

,lq;fis ntw;wp m t u ; f S i la

jdf;F

tFj;jg;

tPuu;fSf;F toq;fpdhh;;. nfhLj;j mij

jFjpfSf;F kWj;jhh;.

NjuGl;lga;ah ,lj;ij Vw;f A j ; j Nk nfhs;s x d ; w hf ‘vd;

( T h e ra p u t ta b h a ya)

vjw;fhf?

,d;Dk; ngw;Wf;

K b a t p y ; i y N a’ kWj;jhh;. Aj;jk; kd

‘Aj;jkh>

midj;Jg; ?’ vdf;

gFjpfisAk; Nfl;l FNuhjk;; vd;whh;

, i z j ; J x U K O , u h [ p a k h f ; f p t p l ; N l N d > , d p v q ; Nf njhlu cs;sJ mir> kd;duplk; vjpupfshd fhkk;> M f p a t w ; W ld ; N j u G l ; l g a ; a h.

Nghuhl;lj;jpy;

,Uf;fpd;Nwd;’

v j ; j i d f ; $ w p Ak ; , u h [ p a j ; i j V w ; f k W j ; j t u ; k d ; d dp d; m D k j p A l d ; g g ; g [ ; [ h c g N j r k ; n g w ; W J w t p a h f p I E hW G j ; j g p l ; F f ; f S l d ; n r d ; W t ho j ; J t q ; f p d h h ; . ngUk; Muthuj;Jld; eilngw;w xU thu fhy t p o hf ; gl;lj ;J e d ;F
(Tissa-tank)

nfhz;lhl;lk; ,sturu;fSk; myq;fupf;fg;gl;L mga;ah nrd;whh;. khpftl;b

Kbtile;jJk; nfhz;lhLk; GJg;gpf;fg;gl;l

midj;J tpjj;jpy; b];]h

Vupapd; mUfpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;bUe;j tpoh muq;fpw;F

t p f h u py ;

(Maricavatti-vihára)

mike;jpUe;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-234,lj;jpy; jahuhf kd;dd; nfhLf;f ,Ue;j jhdg; me;j nghUl;fs; itf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. ,lj;jpy;jhd;

gpd;du; ];Jhgh vOg;gg;gl;lJ. me;j ,lj;jpw;F jkJ kd;dUld; muz;kidg; ,Ue;j te;jpUe;j kf;fs;; Gdpjr;

rpd;dk; gjpj;j <l;bia G+kp kPJ itj;jpUe;jdh;;. md;W KOtJk; nra;J ngz;fSld; khiy [yf;fpuPil te;J nfhz;L kd;dd; ntspNa

efUf;Fj; jpUk;gj; Jtq;fpdhh;. ‘<l;bia vLj;Jf; nfhz;L vd; gpd;dhy; thUq;fs; ’ vd kd;dd; M i z a p l> Gijj;J itf;fg;gl;bUe;j me;j <l;bia ntspapy; vLf;f Kbatpy;iy. jd;Dld; te ;jpUe;jtu;fspdhy ; <l ;bia ntspapy ; vLf ;f Kbatpy;iy vd;wJk; jkJ gilapdiuf; $g;gpl;L mij vLf;ff; Nghf> $wpdhh;. me;j me;j vOg;gp> mtu;fshYk; mjpraf; mij vLf;f fz;l vOg;g Kbahky; Jhtp kd;dd; KbT <l;bf;F eWkzq;fs; Jhtp> G+f;fs;

tzq;fpdh;. Rw;wp nra;J Rtu;

fhl;rpiaf; mq;Nf

M r ; r u p a k ; m i l e ; J C U f ; F j ; j p U k ; g p a J k ; m e ; j < l ; b ia ];JhghitAk; xU me;j ,lj;jpy; tpfhuhit mikf;f

Vw;ghLfis nra;jhh;;. %d;W Mz;Lfspy; mq;F tpfhuh mq;F mikf;fg;gl tutopj;J xU Gj;j tpoh yl;rk;

rNfhjuu;fs; nfhz;lhl

midtiuAk; Vw;ghLfs;

nra;ag;gl;ld.

g p l ;F f ;f S k ;> x d ;g J y l ; r g p l ;F z p f ;f S k ; ( 9 > 0 0 > 0 0 0) m e ;j
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-235klhyaj;jpy; ele;j Gj;j rNfhjuu;fs; tpohtpy; fye;J nfhz;ldh;. mq;F ,Ug;gij rpwpJ xU fzk; jpd;Nwd;. kwe;J me ;j $b ,Ue;j Gj;j rNfhjuu;fspilNa Ngrpa kd;du; ‘ehd; FLitapy;,Ue;j k p s i fj ;

jtWf;F gpuha rpj;jkhfNt ,e;j khupftl;b tpfhuhitf; fl;b cs;Nsd;. ,ij ePq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;’ vd Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;J mga;ah kpfg; Vupapd; nghpa rpy $lk; g F j p f i s Ak ; mtu;fSf;F mikf;fg;gl;L Nru;j;J cs;slf;fpa mq;F midj;J klhyaj;ij gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk;

rku;gpj;jhh;. ,Ue;jJ.

jhuhskhf jhdq;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.

xU

thu

f h y j ; j pw ; F Vw;ghLfs;

mtu;fs; nra;ag;gl;L Vw;g

midtUf;Fk; ,Ue;jd. nryTk;

czT xt;xU gy kd;dupd;

cz;z

rhkdhf;fspd; nghUl;fSk;

j Fj p f S f ; F k ; jug;gl;ld.

mtutu;fSf;Fg;

mj;jid

N e u b g ; g h h ; i t a p y ; e l e ; j d . k d ; d d p d ; , U j a k ; v j ; j id tprhykhdNjh mj;jid nghpa nghUl;fSk; ,Ue;jd. %d;W mstpy; midj;Jg;jhdg; Kf;fpa epfo;r;rpfshd -

];Jhghit fl;baJ> tpfhuhit mikj;jJ kw;Wk; gupRg; n g h U l ; f i s j ; j e ; j J - v d m i d j ; j pw ; F k ; ; R k h h ; , U g J Nfhb (20>00>00>000) gzk; e Pu ; > neUg;G> n r y T M a pw ; W . ifg;gw;wg;gly; ew;Fzk; mid j ; J kw;Wk; ngw;wtu;> ey;ywpTk;

capupdq;fs;> k j p g ;G s ; s t u ; >

nfhs;is

Nghd;wtw;why;

ghjpf;fg;gLk;

n r y ; t k h d J>

kf;fspilNa jtwhky;

Gdpjh;fspilNa ew;ngau; ngw;wtu;> nra;gtu; vd;w

j d ; f l i k fi s j ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-236nfhz;ltu;fspd;; nry;tk; ifapy; fpilg;gNj rhyr; rpwe;jJ. mg;gbg;gl;l F z h t r p a j ; i jf ; nfhz;ltu;fsplk;

nrd;wila Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw Gj;jpkhd;fs; tpUk;Gtu;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top Mwhk;; Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘k h u p f t l ; b

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

t p`h uh ’ v d ; w g Fj p K b T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-23727: Nyh`ghj]h Gdpj rlq; F

mjd; ele;j

gpd;

midtiuAk; K d ; N dh h ; f s ;

mioj;j nra;j

kd;dd;

mtu;fSf;F ghuhl;b Kd;du;

jd;Dila $wpaij Ehw;wp

Nritfisg; Njuh mtUila cau

epfo;rpapy;

khngUk;

kfhdhd

epidT+l;bdhh;. Njuh vz;gJ fpA+gpf; khngUk; mb

Kd;Ndhuplk; jq;f khiy k h b fs ;

$ w p , U e ; j h h ; ‘ c d ; D i l a t o p j ; N j h d ; w y ; j j ; j f h k pdp mzptpf;fg;gl;l ] ; j h g hi t A k ; xd;gJ

n f h z ; l c N g h r j h v d ; w j q ; F k ; , l j ; i j Ak ; N y h f g h r j h
( L o h a p a s a d a ) v d ; w , l j ; j p y ; e p u ; k h z p g ; g h h ;’

mq;fpUe;j ,lj;jpy; Gijj;J itf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;j jq;fj; jl;bid Njb vLj;J cuj;jf; MW mjpy; Fuypy; (166) ,q;Fk; vOjg;gl;L midtUk; ,Ue;j Nfl;Fk; gpd; thrfq;fis ‘Ehw;wp

t z ; z k ; g b f ; F k hW $ w p d h h ; . m j p y ; v O j g ; g l ; L , U e ; j J mWgj;jp Mz;Lfs; Gjy;thud mq;Fkhf kd;du; fope;jg; fhfthdhtpd; mwpthspfs; epu;khzpg;ghh;;’ iffisAk; mq;F fl;bf; thOk;
(Kakavanna)

jj;jfhkdp g y t w ; i w Ak ; jdJ ,U

$Wk;gb jl;b

mijf; jdJ

Nfl;l

kfpo;r;rpia ,Ue;j ,lk; xU

ntspg;gLj;jpdhh;. tpohtpy; ‘ ,q;F ghriw

kWehs; f hiy vOe;jtu; k `hNkf G+q ;fhtpw ;Fr ; nrd;W Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;L thOk; cq;fSf;F Njtu;fs; Nghd;w; tiuglk; xU

nfhLf;fpd;Nwd;. ,lj;jpw;F

MfNt

vtiuahtJ

Njtu;fs;; jahhpj;Jj;

mDg;gp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-238jhUq;fs;’ mDg;gpdh;. nfsj;jk ngah; czT $wp Gj;jUf;F Kd; ,Ue;j xUtu; ,Ue;j Gj;ju;fspy; ,Ue;jhh;. Ntiyf;fhug; KOtJk; filrp mtu; ngz; mij vd;W Nfl;f> mijf; Nfl;l gpl;Ff;fs; jk;Kld; ,Ue;j vl;L Jwtpfis m e ;j fhupaj ;ij nra;a

Gj ;juhd fhrg ;gh vd;gtUila fhyj ;jpy; m Nrhfh vd;w nfhz;l gilj;jhh;. ,Ue;jhh;. gpuhkzh; jd;dplk; jd; jd;Dila rNfhju Gj;jkhh;fSf;F jpdKk; vl;L Ntis gpuhdp (Birani) vd;gtsplk; mij njhlh;e;J nra;AkhWf; mts; tho;ehs; epiwTld; nra;J te;J kuzk; mile;J kPz;Lk; mLj;jg; gpwtp vLj;j nghOJ Mfhaj ;jpy; kpje;J nfhz;L , Ue ;j N j t i j f Si l a k h s p i f a py ; gzp GupAk; ngz;zhfr; Nru;e;J jpdKk; Mapuk; NjtijfSf;F czT Nghl;lhs;. gd;dpuz;L mfyKkhf Mapuk; ,Ue;jJ. njhq;f njhpAk;
pásáda)

Nah[id ,Ue;j mjpy; [d;dy;fs;>

ePsKk; Mapuk;

ehw;gj;jp

vl;L

Nah[id

me;j

khspif gf;fKk; kzpfs;

xd;gJ

mLf;Ff;fs;> nfhz;ljhf k h i y fs ; > , U e ; j d.

miwfs; fpspQ;ry;

ehd;F rpwpa

tplg;gl;L tz;zk; xU

fl;lg;gl;L ghriw

me;j khspifapd; eLtpy; midj;Jg; gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; mk;gyhj;jpf ( AmbalatthikavLj;Jf; m e;j gilj;j jq;f mike;J ,Ue;jJ. mts; cjtpAld; mjd; tiu tOtOg;ghd Jzpapy; kd;dd; tiue;J fl;bdhh;. kdk; yl;r vl;L

glj;ij NghyNt

nfhz;L te;j gpl;Ff;fs; mij kd;ddplk; nfhLf;f mJ Nyhfghrjhit fl;lj; kd;dd; ehY ghriwia me;j Jtq;fpaJk; thrypYk; jhuhs

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-239me;j kd;dd; ehY thrypYk; vl;L yl;r <Lgl;bUf;Fk; $lhJ vtUk; cz;zhky;> Mapuk;
( 8>00>000) jq ;f

e h z a q ; f i s x t ; x U t h r y p Y k ; i t j ; J > m e ; j N t i y a py ; cLf;fhky; Milfs;> ,Uf;ff; fy ;fz ;L vd;gjw;fhf

% l ; i l f s ; > r f ; f i ug ; n g h b > v z ; i z k w ; W k ; N j d ; N g h d ; w n g h U l ; f i s j h u h s k h f i t f ; f r ; n r hy ; y p , U e ; j h h ; . Xt; xUGwKk; EhW fpA+gpl; ghriw nfhz;L ePsKk; fl;lr; mNj nrhd;dhh;. msT mJ tz;zf;

mfyKk; xd;gJ

nfhz;l mLf;Ffisf;

gytpjkhd

f w ; f s ; > e t u j ; j p d q ; f s ; > j h k i uj ; N j h l ; l k ; N g h d ; w t w ; i w mlf;fp ,Ue;jJ. mJ Nghy tz;zka kpf;f etuj;jpdq;fs; gjpj;j Mapuk; miwfs; mq;F mikf;fg;gl;ld. Ntrtdhtpy; (Vessavana) ngz;fSf;nfd Jhz;fspy; Gyp> ,Ue;j rpq;fk; ikaj;ijg; kw;Wk; gy Nghy mq;Fk; etuj;jpd ikaj;jpy; xU ikak; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; Njtijfspd; cUtq;fs; nrJf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. me;j ,Ue;jJ. re;jpuidg; ikaj;jpy; rpwpa [hjfh etuj;jpd kiy fijfspy; nts;sp Kj;J fw;fs; gbj;jJ gjpf;fg;gl;l Mrdk; gpukpg;G kpd;dpa> fw;fs;

je;jj;jpyhd

Nghd;w

mkUk; Nghd;w

jUk; tpjj;jpy; Rupa xspNghy jq;f epwj;jpy; kpd;dpa> Nghy Nghy epwj;jpy; Kj;jha; kpd;dpa el;rj;jpuq;fisg;

g j p f ; f g ; g l ; L , U e ; j d. me;j Mrdj;jpy; gsgsf;Fk; kpf tpiy cau;e;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-240gLf;if tpupg;Gf;fs;> nkj;ij> ehw;fhypfs; vd m i k f ; f g ; g l ; L F L i t f S k ; i f g ; g pb f S k ; ; j q ; f j ; j p d h y ; nra;ag;gl;L; ,Ue;jd. jhkpu khspif vd miof;fg;gLk; mstpy; ghriwapd; Nkw; $iw jhkpuj;jpyhd jfLfspdhy; %lg;gl;L ,Ue;jJ. N y h ` g h r jh j a h h ; M d J k ; k d ; d d ; g p l ; F f ; f i s m i o j ; J khupftl;b Fk;ghgpN\f tpohit mLj;jLj;j va;jpatu;fSk; tpfhuh elj;jp vd;w ngahpy; Nghd;w mijj; mstpy; jpwe;J jpwg;G Kjy; cw;rtk;

itj;jhh;.

Nghjidfspy; mLj;j

f l ; l j ; i j n t w ; w p f u k h f g ; g a p d ; w t u ; f s ; K j y ; m L f ; f pY k ; > mLf;Ff;fspy; jq ;f fl;lj;ij ehd;fhk; itf;fg;gl;ldh;.

mLf;fpYk; mjw;F NkYk;; Jwtpfs; (mu`d;j;) jq;fpdh;. x U t h u f h y j ; j p w ; F t p o h v L j ; J g y t p j k h d g h p R fi s jhuhskhf ghriwia kfpo;e;jhh;. nghUl;fis gydw;wJ nfhilfs; jd;dplNk vd;gij je;J kdij Ftpj;J itj;Jf; nfhs;tJ j h u h s k hf toq;fp Kg;gJ Nfhb (30>00>00>000) kd;dd; nrythd kdk; gpl;Ff;fSf;F toq;fp

czu;e;j

mwpthspfs;

M i r a pdh y ;

f l ; L g ; g L j ; j pf ;

nfhs;shky; ,Ue;J kd kfpo;r;rp ngWfpd;wdh;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top g h f k hd Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl V o hk ;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

‘ Nyh`ghj]h

G dpj rlq ; F ’ v d ; w g F j p

KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-24128: ];Jhgp ];jhgd Vw;ghLfs;

Nghjp ku tpohtpw;F gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd mstpy; gzk; nrytopf;fg;gl;lJ. ];Jhgh cs;s nghwpf;fg;gl;L nra;jhh;. ,lj;ijg; kd;du; efUf;Fs; ,Ue;j gbj;Jg; jpUk;gpatu; ehd; nghUs; Jauj;Jf;F kpf;f g p u N t r p f ; i f a py ; fy;ntl;by; ‘, q ; F me;j ,lj;jpy;

,Ue;;jij

ghh;j;jTld; jdpikapy; ‘

ehd; ];Jhghit fl;l Vw;ghL nra;a Ntz;Lk;’ vd KbT k h s p i ff ; F j ; ghh;j;jgb epd;wpUe;J mopf;f N j i t a hd kf;fis Mdhy; epidj;jhh; V w ;f d N t c j t p f is cs;shf;fp

jkpyhf;fis e l t b f ; i f f Sf ; F j ; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L ngwf; $lhJ.

Nkw;nfhz;l

tpl;Nld;. kPz;Lk; mtu;fsplk; ,Ue;J tup Nghl;L gzk; ];Jhgh fl;Ltjw;fhd n r q ; f y ; f i s e h d ; v q ;f p U e ; J n g W t J ? ’ mtu; mg;gb epidj;Jf; nfhz;L ftdj;jpw;Fr; rhf;fhtplk; tprfk;khit fhkpdp cs;shh;. ejpg;Gwk; Njitahd tprfk;kh jahupj;jJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

,Ue;jJ Njtijfspd; jkJ $wpdhh; vd;w cs;s mijf; jiytuhd mtu; clNd ‘k d ; d d ; fk;gPuh Nfl ;l

nry;y mJ
( V i s s a k a m m a)

mtu;fs; mioj;Jf; nra;tJ

Fwpj;Jg; vd;d efUf;F
river)

Ngrpdh;.

nrq;fy;fSf;F eP clNd
(Gambhira

ftiyapy;

mUfpy; Ngha; i t’. nrd;W

];Jhghtpw;Fj; nrq;fy;fis

nrq;fy;fis me;j

jahhpj;J

,lj;jpw;Fr;

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-242kWehs; fhl;bw;Fs; jd;id mtu;fs; epidj;Jg; nrd;w ,lj;jpw;F ];Jhgpiaf; mij xU f h i y a py ; nrd;W Kd; gpbf;f mUfpy; fl;l cLk;G N t l ; i l f ; f h uu ; f s ; Mba nghOJ khw;wpf; Juj;jpr;
(iguana)

eha;fSld; tprfk;kh nfhz;L vd nfhz;L gpd; cLk;G

Ntl;il

Nghy

Njhd;wpdhs;. mtu;fs; mts; jhd; nrq;fy;fs; Xbr;

mijg; jahhpj;J nrd;W

mjid

nghOJ

itj;jpUe;j epd;w

kiwe;J Nghdhs;. mijf; fz;l Ntlu;fs; ‘ ekJ kd;du; Vw;ghLfs; nra;J vd nfhz ;L t p a e ; j th W mijf; , U f ; f p d ; w h N u . m t U f ; F c j t p a h f , N j h , q ; N f f l T Ns jahupj;J Xbr; itj;jpUf;fpd;whu;’ nrd;W tp\ aj;ijf; k d ; d dp l k ; $wpdh;.

N f l ; l k d ; d dp d ; ,Uj a k ; r e ; N j h \ j ; j p d h y ; t p k ; k p a J . me;j efupd; tlf;Fg;Gwj;jpy; %d;W Nahrid Jhuj;jpy; ,Ue;j mUfpy; m f h u t p j ; j pf h k h ,Ue;j gjpdhW
( A c a ra v i t t h i g a m a)

vd;w epyg;

, l j ; j pd ; gug;gpy;

fuprh

(karisas)

g y ; N tW m s T f s p y ; j q ; f f ; f l ; b f s ; f p l e ; j d . m i t x U rhz; ePsj;jpy; ( Rkhh; xd;gJ mq;Fyk; ); ,Ue;J xU tpuy; e Ps mstpy; mJ ,Ue;jd. jq;ff; jkf;Ff; mijf; fz;l kf;fs; mtw; iw kd;duplk; gw;wpAk; vLj;Jg; nfhLj;J $wpdh;. mJ NghyNt fpof;Fg;Gwj;jpy;
( Tam bapittha)

Ngha;

Flj;jpy; fpilj;j

itj;J> nra;jpiag;

VO

Nahrid ejpf; xJq;fp

Jhuj;jpy; fiuapy; Ngha; ,Ue;jijf;

,Ue;j jhkpuf; fz;l

jk;ggpj;jh fl;bfs; kf;fs;

vd;w

ngUk;

mstpy;

mtw;iwAk;

vLj;Jf;

nfhz;L

kd;duplk; je;jdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-243njd; fpof;Fg; gFjpapy; ehd;F Nahrid fpilj;jd. nfhz;L Jhuj;jpy; mijf; Ngha; , U e ; j R k d t h g p ( S u m a n a v a p i ) v d ; w f p u h k j ; j p y ; n g U k sT etuj;jpdf; fz;l kf;fs; fw;fspd; tpae;J Ftpay;fs; mtw;iw vLj;Jf;

kd;duplk; je;jdh; njd; gFjpapy; vl;L Nahrid Jhuj;jpy; vd;w me;j ,Ue;j Fifapy; efuj;jpy;

mk;gj;jf;Nfhyh

(Ambatthakola-cave)

epiwa nts;spf; fl;bfs; fpilj;jd.

,Ue;J gy tz;bfis vLj;Jf; nfhz;L kyhah (Malaya) vd;w efUf;Fg; Ngha; ,Q;rp thq;fp tuf; fpsk;gpa xU tpahghup Xa;ntLf;f czT ,Ue;j rikf;f gyhg; ePu; topapy; ,Ue;j me;j Fiff;F mUfpy; f i s g ; g hf kiy kPJ mit gazj;ij fl;ilfisg; goj;ijf; ,iwf;f epWj;jpdhh;. nghWf;fp tu

,Ue;jjpdhy; Xa;ntLj;jg; gpd; nry;yyhk; vd epidjJ V w p n r d ; w t u ; m q ; f p U e ; j g y h k u j ; j p y; n j h q ; f p f ; n f h z ; L
(bread-fruit)

fz;lhh;.

xt;xd;Wk;

gad;gLk;

jz;zPu;

njhl;biag;

( w a t e r p i t c h e r) N g h d ; w m s t p y ; n g h p a j h f , U e ; j d .

me;j kuj;jpy; ,Ue;J xU goj;ij mWj;J vLj;J mjd; Njhiy ‘,ij rPtp ehd; cz;z cz;Zk; epidj;jtu; ,Ue;jhy; ehd;F ,q;F epidj;jtu; Kd; xU fzk; nra;a ngw;Wf; vdf; $tp mq;F epidj;jhh; Ntz;L k ;’. n f h s; s mioj ;j tu> me ;j me ;j tzq;fp nfhz;l jhdKk; jhdk; tuyhk;

,g;gbahf vtNuDk; nghOJ

Njuhf;fs; vq;fpUe;Njh mtu;fis gpl;ir ghj;jpuk; Cw;wpdhh;. topAk;

tpahghupAk; mtu;fSila goj;jpd; rhiw

k h p a hi j A l d ; mijg; ngw;Wf;

mstpw;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-244mtu;fs; gpd; tUkhW mq;fpUe;J $tp fpsk;gpr; Kiw me;j nrd;W jhdk; tpl;ldh;. ngw;Wf; ehd;F gpl;ir %tu; kl;Lk; mjd; nfhs ;s Njuhf;fs; m t u ; f i s Ak ; g h j ; j p u k; mq;fpUe;J rw;W Jhuk; kPz;Lk; ,d;ndhU miof;f tu> tzq;fp mq;F

,d;Dk; mtu;fSila

vq;fpUe;Njh khpahijAld; mijg; fpsk;gpr; ele;J xU Eio gwpj;j gwpj;Jf; mtu;

tpahghup

topAk; mstpw;F me;j goj;jpd; rhiw vLj;J Cw;wpdhh;. ngw;Wf; nrd;W nrd;W ,lj;jpy; thapy;. nfhz;ltu;fspy;; tpl ehd;fhktu; tpahghup nfhz;L me;j kPjp jd;id nrd;W

me;j

jd;id ,lk;

g h h ; f ; F k ; g b a hd cz;zj; F i f a pd ; j hd ; goq;fisg; nrd;wtu;> ghh;j;J ep d;whh;. xU

mkh;e;J

goj;ij

Jtq;fpdhh;.

mtu;

mkh;e;jpUe;j cz;lhh;. Njuh

mjw;fpilNa

tpahghupAk; ,Ue;j itf;fr;

goj;ij nfhz;L me;j

tz;bapy;

vNjw;irahf nrd;w

mioj;jij mUfpy;

topapNyNa

mtu;

m Ufpy; te ;j kd;d dplk; xU Fwpg ;gpl;l topiaf; fhl;b m g ; g b N a n r d ; W F i f f ; F s ; v d ; d , U f ; f p w J v d ; W gh h ; vdf; $wpa gpd; mq;F mkh;e;jpUe;j Njuh vOe;J nrd;W tpl;lhh;. fhl;ba epd;whh;. ,Ue;jd. tpahghup mtu; ghsk; $wpaij ele;J ghskhf xd;iw cjhrPdg;gLj;jhky; Fiff;Fs; nts;spf; ntl;b kd;ddplk; nrd;wtu; fl;bfs; vLj;Jf; Xbr; tpl;L mtu; gpukpj;J mq;F nfhz;l tpl ;L nrd;W ghijapy; mtw;wpy; j d ; D i la

tz;bfis

mq;NfNa

mDuhjGuj;jpy;

,Ue;j

tp\aj;ijf; $wpdhh;. mJ Nghy efupd; ,Ue;j Nkw;Fg;Gwj;jpy; cUtpyh
(Uruvela)

Ie;J vd;w

Nahrid Cupd;

Jhuj;jpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-245(mDuhjGuj;jpy; ,Ue;J Rkhh; e hw;gJ fy; njhiytpy; cs;sjhk;)

f l w ; f i u a py ; ; gtoq;fSk; k Pdt u ; f s ; je;jdh;. tlf;Fg;

MW

tz;bfs; te;J vLj;Jf;

epiwa ,wq;fpd. Ngha;

Kj;Jf;fSk; mijf; fz ;l kd;ddplk;

vq;fpUe;Njh mtw;iw

nfhz;L

gf;fj;jpy; vd

VO

Nahrid Vupapd;

Jhuj;jpy; mUfpy; eLNt

jw;nghOJ eha;fSld; gsgsj;jgb

tTdpf;Fsk;
(Pelivapikagama)

miof;fg;gLk; fhl;bd;

g p y p t g p ; f f kh

vd;w

Ntl;ilahlf;

nrd;wtu;fs;>

nfhl;bf; fple;j mG+u;t tif uj;jpdf; fw;Ftpayfisf ; fz;L kd;ddplk; nrd;W mijg; gw;wpf; $wpdu;. ,g;gbahf midj;Jk; vd;w gw;wpa gy;NtW ];Jhgp ,lq;fspYk; ];jhgdk; Ghpe;J nfhz;l ,Ue;Jk; kd;dd; fpilj ;j mtw;iw Ntiyf;F

nra;aNt

fpilj;Js;sJ

cz;ikia tptuq;fisf;

$wptu;fis

jd;dplNk

mkh;j;jpf; nfhz;lhh;. Ra ,d;gj;jpw;fhd milAk; nra;J rpe;jid tpjj;jpy; nfhz;L rw;Wk; ,d;wp> midtUk; fhhpaq;fis Njitahd

ed;ik njhlh;e;J

gy;NtW

,Ug;gtu;fSf;F>

N e u j ; j p y ; v y ; y h e d ; i k f S k ; j hk h f N j b t U k ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j g f ; j u ; f s pd ; fUzh ‘] ; J h g p f ; f h d

Nguhde;jk; ,Ugj;jp

nghq;fpl vl;lhk;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

Vw;ghLfs;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-24629: ]; J hgp ]; j hgdk;
,g;gbahf kd;dd;> tprhf
saya)

];Jhgp Ntrhf

eph;khzpf;fj;

Njitahd

midj;J ngw;w md;W ;

nghUl;fisAk; el;rj;jpu fl;lj;

g y ; N tW
(Vesakha)

,lq;fspy; khjj;jpd;

,Ue;Jk; ngsu;zkp;

Nru;f;ifapd; Jtq;fpdhh;. nrhy;ypa

( V i s a k h a - c o n s t e l l a t i o n)

j p d j ; j d ; W Utd ; N t y p r h a h v d ; w ] ; J h g h i t f ; ( R u w a n w e l i me;j gpd; ,lj;jpy; VO gpd;du; ,Ue;j mb mtuJ tbthd cilf;f fy;ntl;il Moj;jpy; gil ngUk; jbj;j mfw;wr; fpA+gpf;

G k p i a j ; N j h z ; l r ; n r a ; j hh ; . nfhz;L Jz;L tug;gl;l Jz;lhf

tPuu;fshy; ghiwfis gy

cUz;il [y;ypahf fl;ba

i t j ; J N j h z ; l g ; g l ; L , U e ; j F o p a py ; N g h l ; L f h y ; f s p y ; Njhy; gl;ilfisf; a h i d f i s f; n f h z ; L m e ; j [ y ; y p f ; f w ; f i s k p j pf ; f r ; n r a ; J G + k p a p d ; m b j ; j s j ; i j t Y t h f ;f p d h h ; . m i t n r a ; a g ; g l ; l n g h O J j h N d N e u b a h f mi j Nk w ; g h h ; i t a p l ; l h h ; . me;j ,lj;jpd; mUfpy; %d;W Nahrid Jhuj;jpw;F Xbf; nfhz;L Mdhy; ,Uf;Fk;. je;jdh;. mLf;fr; fw;Ftpay; mLf;fg;gl;l ,Ue;j kpfTk; vd;W mij mij kPJ fq;if $Wk; ejpahy; msTf;F Vw;gl;bUe;j ntz;iz njhl;lhy; kpUJthd fspkz; kpUJthf te;J cWjpahd mq;fpUe;j Fopapy; Nghlr; kziy

( b u t t e r - c l a y)

rhkNduhf;fs; mjd; kPJ

nfhz;L

ahidfspdhy; nrhy;yp

kpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j nrq;fy;fis vd;gjw;fhf fspkz;

nrhd;dhh;.

nfl;bahf kPJ

Ntz;Lk;

nrq;fy;fspd;

nts;isf;

fyitiaf; nfhl;lr; nrhy;yp mjd; kPJ ghju] ]y;igl;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; g p d ; d u ; k h w ; w p v O j pa J

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-247(cinnabar)

vd;w fyitia nfhl;lr; nrhd;dhh;. mtw;wpd; ,Ug;Gf; kUk;gh nfhl;lr; fk;gpfs;; vd;w mjd; Nghlg;g l;L> fspk;igAk; gpd; vl;L ,ka kiyapy; ,Ue;J nfhz ;L te ;jpUe;j
(marumba)

k PJ

gpd;dg;gl;l kpf;f

rhkdhf;fs; eWkzk;

n f h l ; l r ; n r h d ; d h h ; . m j d ; k P J k P z ; L k ; k i y f ; f w ; f i sf ;
(mountain-crystal)

nrhd;dhh;.

m q ; F y j b k d h d j h k p u j ; j f l ; b d ; k P J ( c o p p e r ) r f ; f i uf ; fye;j ePupy; nfhl;b jahupj;j fgpj;jh kuj;jpd; (kapittha tree)

gprpidj;

jltp

xl;l

itj;jhh;. vd;w VO mij

filrpahf urhadg; mq;Fy mjd;

t p \k ;

fye;j nts;sp

Mu;rdpf; jfl;by;

( a r s en i c) fye;J jltp

n g h Ui s j b k d hd kPJ xl;l

ey;nyz;izAld; itj;jhh;.

mijAk;

mbj; j sj; j pd; mikg; G

];Jhghit mbj;jsj;ij khjj;jpd; ,lj;jpy;

];jhgpf;f jahupj;jg; gpiwapd; Gj;j tsu;

mg;gbg;gl;l gpd; mry;`h gjpdhyhk; gpl;Ff;fspd;

rpwg;ghd
( Asalha)

ehs;

me;j

$l;lg;gl;l

r k ; N k s j ; j pd ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-248kj;jpapy; Ngrpa kd;du; ehis ,e;j $wpdhh; ,lj;jpy; ‘n g U k ; Gdpj kjpg;gpw;Fwpatu;fNs>

rpbahit (Cetiya) mikf;f mbf;fy; ehl;lg; Nghfpd;Nwd;. e Pq ; f s ; m i d t U k ; m e ; j t p o h t p y ; f y e ; J n f h z ; L v k ; i k Mrpu;tjpf;f Neuj;jpy; $bapUe;J Ntz;Lk;. efu kf;fs; kpf;f eWkzk; ];JHgh ];jhgpf;f ,e;j Jhtp ,Uf;Fk; tpohtpy; ,e;j Gj;j midtUk; kyu;fs;

tpohit rpwg;gpg;ghh;fs; ’ rpbahit ];jhgpf;f ,Ue;j me;j me;j Gdpj jkJ jyj;ij mjp ke;jpupfsplk; vj;jid , l k hf mofpa

tpkh;r;irahf Mizapl;lhh;. moFwr; nra;a

myq;fupf;FkhW mtu;fSk; Ntz;LNkh

,lj;ij

mj;jid kw;Wk; ed;F

k h w ;w p d h ;. m J k l ;L k ; , d ;w p mq ;F t e ;J NrUk ; m i d j ;J rhiyfspYk; fl;lg;gl;L Njhuzq;fs; tuNtw;G tisTfs; mit midj;Jk; myq;fupf;fg;gl;ld.

kW ehs;; fhiy Kjy; jiy Kb rPTNthu; gyiu ehd;F t h a p y p Y k ; m k u i t j ;j p U e ; j h h ; k d ; d u ; . m t u ; f i s j ; j t p w te;jtu;fs; Fspf;f cjTk; tiff;fhd Ntiyahl;fs;> me;j tpohtpy; t r j p a hf ,Ue;Jk; cLj;jpf; nfhs;s khw;Wilfs;> third jputpaq;fs; vd midj;ijAk; nra;J itj;jpUe;jhh;. g q ; N f w ;f te ;j t u ;fs ; j i yi a nkhl;i l a b j ;Jf ; nfhz ;L> Fspj;jg; gpd; GJ Milfs; mzpe;J nfhs;s fye;J nfhs;s efupy; ,Ue;Jk;> fpuhkj;jpy; , U f ; F k h N w m e ; j V w ; g h l ; b i d n r a ; J , U e ; j h h ; . t p o h t py ; kf;fs; cw;rhfkhf te;jdh;. ehw;gjhapuk; (40>000) kf;fs; $b ,Ue;j me;j tpohtpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-249kd;didr; ,Ue;j Mbf; ke;jpupfs; nfhz;L nfhz;L Mapuj;J Rw;wp gtdp tu ,Ue;jdh;. kf;fis vl;L mtutu; cau ;e;j tu> > moF kd;dDk; cw;rhfg; tz;bfs; ,Ue;j vd Jzpfs;> ,Ue;jd. te;jpUe;jdh;. KbAkh? jFjpf;Nfw;g kpF nfhLf;fg;gl;L nfhz;L eldk; vog;gpf; R w ; w pf ; Rw;wp , U e ; j h h; . tpiy nfhz;L Milfis mzpe;J kq;ifapdu; ,dpa ,ir ,q;Fk; fl;lhf

fiyQu;fs;

mq;Fk; xNu ehd;F

gLj;jpf; epiwa Njd;>

nfhz;L

itf;fg;gl;L mLf;fLf;fhd ntz;iz itf;fg;gl;L gpl;Ff;fs; $wj;jhd; ,Ue;J

Jzpfs;> gytpjg; me;j

gf;fq;fspYk; % l ; i l fs ; > Ftpj;J gy cs;Supy; ,lj;jpy; jk;jNrdh ,Ue;Jk;

rf;fiu nghUl;fSk; epiyapy; vd;w

n t s p e h L fs p y ;

, U e ; J t e ; j p U e ; j g p l ; F f ; f s p d ; v z ; z p f ; i fi a F i w j ; J f ; ,uh[fh Gj;j
(Rajagaha)

Njuh

,lFg;jh (80>000)

( I nd ag u t t a)

vd;gtu;

jiyikapy;

vz;gjhapuk;

gpl;Ff;fSk;>

(Dhammasena)vd;w

N j u h t p d ; j i y i k a p y ; g d ; d p u z ; l h a pu k ;

(12>000) Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSk; me;j tpoh ele;j rpbahtpw;F te;jpUe;jdh;. N[juhk
( Piyadassi) (Jetarama)

tpfhuhtpd; mWgjhapuk; khjtdh

Njuh

g p a j h ] p a pd ; ( 60>000)> klhyaj;jpy;

jiyikapy; ,Ue;j Njuh

gpl;Ff;fs;

Ntrhypapy; ,Ue;J te;j

(Mahavana)

cUGl;luhf;fpl;jh ,Ue;j

(Urubuddharakkhita)

v d ; g t u ; j i y i k a py ; g j p n d l ; l h a p u k ; ( 1 8 > 0 0 0 ) g p l ; F f ; f s ; > Nfhrk;gpapy; te;j kw;Wk; j i y i k a py ;
(Kosambi)

Nfhr Pjuhkhtpy; vd;w

, Ue ;J Njuhtpd; te;jdh;.

cUjhkuhf;fpl

(Urudhammarakkhita) (Ujjeni)

Kg;gjhapuk;

(30>000) gpl;Ff;fs;

c[;[apdpapd;

jf;fpdhfpupapy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-250( D a k k h i n a g i r i)

,Ue;J

Njuh

cUrk;fhuf;fpl;lh ehw;gjhapuk;
(40>000)

(Urusamgharakkhita)

jiyikapy;

gpl;Ff;fSk; mq;F te;jpUe;jdh;. Gg;gg;Guhitr; (Pupphapura) Nru;e;j mNrhfukhtpy; ,Ue;J xU yl;rj;jp mWgjhapuk;
(Mittinna) (1>60>000)

gpl;Ff;fs;

Njuh

kpj;jpd;dh
(Kasmira)

jiyikapYk;>
(Uttinna) (2>80>000)

f \ ; k P u h i tr ; j i y i k a py ; gpl;Ff ;fsSk;> k ` h N j th m W g j h a pu k ; myre;jh

Nru;e;j yl;rj;jp

cj;jpd;dh vz;gjhapuk; ehY
(Pallavabhogga)

,uz;L

gy;ytNghl;fhtpy;
( Mahadeva) (4>60>000)

,Ue;J yl;rj;J efupd;

jiyikapy; gpl;Ff;fSk;>

Nahdh

(Yona)

(Alasanda) vd;w ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J ( Y o n a m a h a d h a m m a r a k k h i t a)

Nahdkkjk;kuhf;fpj;jh j i y i k a py ; mijj; te ;j trpj;J te;jpUe;jdu;. gFjpapy;

vd;gtu; kiyg;

Kg;gjhapuk; jtpw Njuh

(30>000)

gpl;Ff;fSk;
(Uttara)

tpd;[`h

(Vinjha)

cj;juhtpd;

jiyikapy;

m W g j ha p uk ;

(60>000) gpl;Ff;fs; te;jdh;.

Nghjpkd;;lh tu> (80>000) Mwhapuk; j Pg f w ; g j ; j p d ; gpl;Ff;fspd; tdthrh Nfyr

(Bodhimanda) (Va n a v a s a)

tpfhuhtpy; tpy; ,Ue;J ,Ue;J

,Ue;J

Njuh

r p j ;j F g ;j h ( C i t t a g ut t a) K g ;g j h a p u k ; ( 3 0 > 0 0 0 ) g p l ;F f ;f S l d ; fz;lFl;lh JwtpfSk;> Njuh me;j Gj;j njhz;;Dhw;wp te;jpUe;j
( Ca nd ag u t t a)

jiyikapy; tpfhupy;
(Suriyagutta) (96>000)

vz;gjhapuk; jiyikapy; ,Ue;J

(Kelasa-vihara)

R+upaFl;lh

gpl;Ff;fSk; vz;zpf;ifia me;j

te;jpUf;f>

ehyhGwq;fspYk;

Fwpg;ngLj;J

itj;jpUf;ftppy;iy.

rk;Nksdj;jpy; gq;F ngw;w

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-251Jwtpfspd; vz;zpf;if njhz ;Dhw;W MW Nfhb
( 9 6 > 0 0 > 0 0 > 0 0 0 ) , U f ; F k ; v d ek ; g g ; g L f p d ; w J .

me;j Rw;wp rpwpJ kd;dd; nrd;W

gpl;Ff;fs; ,lk;

jk;Kila me;j

jFjpf;Nfw;g kd;dd; mq;F

] ; J h g h i tr ; eLtpy; te;J epw;f epd;w Gj ;j mq;Fk; jdJ

epd;wpUe;jdh;.

ehl;L Rw;wp

tpl;bUe;jdh;. ghh;j;jJk;

ngUkpjj;Jld; mtu;fSf;nfy;yhk;

epd;wpUe;j ,q;Fk; je;J

gpl;Ff;fisg;

ehyhGwKk; G+f;fs;

tzf;fq;fisj; njhptpj;jhh;. mjd; gpd; fapw;wpd; nra;jpUe;j mikr;riu ,Ue;j nrhd;dhhu;. epidj;jhh;. czu;e;jpUe;j vd;gtu; $lhJ ehl;L ];Jhgh nra;a vdj; kd;dd; mbj;jsk; mikf;fg;gL ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; xU Kidia f l ; i la p y ; gpbj;Jf; me;j jq;fk; fl;b nfhz;L Rw;wp tl;l kw;Wk; mjd; me;j tl;lkhf mjw;Fs; Njuhthd k d j py ; ];Jhgh tpLthu;. gOJ jhk; epWj;jp itj;J ‘ fl;ba NkYk; gl;L kW ehY nts;spapdhy; K i di a NfhL xU Rtw;Wf;Fs; Nghlr; fl;l

,lj;jpid Mdhy; %j;j jLj;J fl;bdhy; k be ; J

mstpw;F

];Jhghitf;

K f ; f h y j ; i j Ak ;
( S id d h a t t ha)

rpj;jj;jh

tUq;fhyj;ij

mij mj;jid

nra;af; n g h pa me;j n g hp a rup

tpl;L

];Jhgpiaf;

clNdNa mj;jid mij

vd;iwf;fhtJ ,ayhJ.’ vd

tpl;lhy; jLj;J

epWj;jpajpd; Fwpg;gpl;l

f h u z j ; i j n j h p t p j ; j h h ; . kw ; w G j ; j r N f h j u u ; f S k ; m i j MNkhjpf;f Njuhtpd; mwpTiwg;gbNa mtu; m s t p y h d r p b a h i t e p u ; k h z p f ; f f w ; f i s mL f ; f p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-252vl;L nghpa FLitfspy; jq;fk;> vl;L n g h pa FLitfspy; nts;sp Nghd;wtw;iw itj;J mijr; Rw;wp tl;l tbtkhf Mapuj;jp vl;L (1008) [hbfis itj;jhh;. mijr; Rw;wp tl;l tbtkhf Mapuj;jp vl;L N[hb (1008) M i l fi s xd;Wf;F mjd; ,Ue;j R+o;e;j itj;jhh;. Nky; xd;whf mjd; gpd; vl;L nrq;fy;fis Kiwg;gb vLj;Jg; Gif mLf;fpdhh;. mjw;F jhd;

G + i [ f i s Ak ; G d p j r ; r l q ; F f i s A k ; n r a ; a r ; n r h d ; d h h ; . gpd; ( me;j nrq;fy;fspy;
Nghlg;gl;l

xd;iw )

Ngha ; fpof;Fg ;Gwj;jpy; Vw ;fdNt Vw ;ghLfs; nra ;ag ;gl;L
m];jpthuk; ,lj;jpy;

eWkzg;

,lj;jpy;

mij

itj;J

Kjy;

mbf ;fy;iy

ehl;bdhh;. mg;gb itf;fg;gl;l mjd; kPJ ky;ypifg; G + f ; f i sj ;

Jhtpa nghOJ G+kp FYq;fpaJ. mLj;J jd;Dila VO mikr;ru;fis mioj;J xt;xUtUk; G+[pf;fg;gl;l xt;xU n r q ; f i y Ak ; mikf;f ehd;F ehd;F fpof;Fg; Jwe;jpUe;j Gj;j mq;fpUe;J vLj;J tur; nrhy;yp mtw;iwAk; Kiwg;gbahd rlq;Ffs; nra;ag;gl;L ];Jhgp ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; itf;FkhW $wpdhh;. NjtNyhfk; kd;dd; Nghd;W mikf ;fg ;gl;L Jwe;jpUe;j mjd; gpd; tzf;fq;fisj; M r h g h r q ; f i sA k ;
( Piyadassi)

jpirfspYk; jq;fp Njuhf;fis gpd; gFjpapy; Njuh

,lj;jpy;

midj;J

Mrhghrq;fisAk; re;jpj;J je;jhh;.

njhptpj;jg;

jhdq;fisj; midj;J gPajh]papd; nra;jhh;. rkak;

mUfpy;
(40>000)

nrd;W mkh;e;J nfhz;lhh;. mtUf;F Njuh kfpo;rp jUk; Nghjidfis Vw;W ehw;gjhapuk; Ngh; Nghjidfis khwpdh;. mq;F te ;jpUe;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-253kf;fspy; Mapdh;. Mapdh;. ve;j epiyapYk; ehl;L eyidAk; kf;fspd; eyidAk; K j ; j hd khh;fj;jpw;F Mapuk; Mf Ngh; N g h j i d f i sg ; gpl;Fzpf;fSk; ngw;W mq;F mu`d;j; Jwtpfs; gjpndl;lhapuk;
(14>000) (18>000)

gpl;Ff;fSk;>

gjpdhyhapuk;

i t j ; j p U e ; J > c y fj ; j p d U f ; F k d nfhilahspahf Nghjidfis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L

kfpo;r;rpia nfhLj;J mtUila

tpsq;fpatUila

nry;y vth;jhd; tpUk;g khl;lhh;? Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,Ugj;jp ,ize;j top xd;gjhk; Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘] ; J h g p

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j ghfkhd

%u;j;jpapd;

] ;jhgdk;;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-25430: Gdpjr; rpd; d miw
midj;J kd;du; vd;dplk; mij kl;Lk; ngw;Wf; ,lq;fspy; gpl;Ff;fisAk; m t u ; f s pl k ; gpl;ir xU thu nkj;j k h pa h i j N a h L ‘, e ; j tuNtw;w fl;b Mdhy; gpl;ir $wpdhh; rpbah

Kbf;fg;gLk; tiu ePq;fs; midtUk; ,q;F jq;fp ,Ue;J ngw;Wf; Vw;Wf; fhyk; nfhs;s mq;F Ntz;Lk;’. xU ,Ue;J midtUk; nfhs;s nfhs;stpy;iy. jq;fp gFjpapdu; gjpndl;L
(nfhl;lif)

rk;kjpj;jdh;. jq;Fk;

mjdhy; ,lk;

mtu;fSf;Fj;

mikj;Jj; jug;gl mtu;fs; xU thu fhyk; jq;fpa gpd; mtuplk; tpil ngw;Wf; nfhz;L jk; ,Ug;gplk; nrd;wdh;. efh; KOtJk; jz;Nlhuh Nghl;L IEhW ‘e P q ; f s ; fl;blf; epGzu;fs; ];Jhgpia fiy mq;F vg;gb

epGzu;fis te;jpUf;f

tutopj;jhh;. mtu;fsplk; ‘ EhW

tpiuthf mikg;gPu;fs; ’ vd xNu Fuypy; kd;dd; Nfl;f xUtu; $wpdhh; Ml;fis itj;Jf; nfhz;L xU ] ; J h g p i a f l ; L N t d ; ’.

yhup kziy jpdKk; gad;gLj;jp mtu; epuhfupf;fg;gl;lhh;.

mLj;jLj;J kw;wtu;fs; miu yhup kz;> fhy; yhup kz;> mjpYk; msNt ghjp vd;Wk; ,uz;L mk;kdh vd;Wk;
(Ammana-xU msT)

kz;iz

cgNahfpg;Ngd;

gythW

$wpdh;.

Mdhy; mtu;fspy; xUtu; ‘ehd; kz;iz Kjypy; ,d;Dk; Jhshf;fp> miuj;J ry;yilg; Nghl;L rypj;jg gpd; kPz;Lk; mij mjpy; ,Ue;J xU mk;kdh msT kz;Jhis

vLj;J cgNahfpj;J ];Jhgpiaf; fl;LNtd; ’ vd;whh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-255NjtNyhf mku;e;J kz;zpy; ‘rup epidj;jhh; mjpgjpahd ,Ue;j ‘ ve;j kd;du; tpjkhd vg;gbf; ];Jhgpia ,e;jpuidg; mij Vw;Wf; rpW fl;Lifapy; Gy;Yk; fl;l Nghd;W nfhz;lhh;. nrbAk; mq ;F mtu;

gad;gLj;jg;gLk; ,Uf;ff; me ;j Mtp

$ l h J ’ . , g ; g b a hf v z ; z p a t u ; m e ; j e p G z u p l k ; N f l ; l h h ; rpbahit vz;zp cs;sha;?’ tpd; epGzdpd; jq;ff; tpl;l Nfl;l clypy; tprhfk;kh ,Ue;J
( V i s s a k a m m a)

te;J GFe;J nfhzL mtiu ,g;gb nra;a itj;jJ. xU FLitapy; me;j rpwpJ ePiu ifapy; C w ; w pf ; n f h z ; L k P z ; L k ; m i j m N j F L i t a py ; t p l ; l h h ; . j z ; z P u ; FLitapy; ePu;f;Fkpop Njhd;w fl;LNtd; ’ vd;whh; Ngha; me;j kfpo;e;J mtDf;F ‘, g ; g b j ; j h d ; mijf; ,uz;lhapuk; ];Jhgpia fiyQu;.

kd;dd;

g z k ; k j p g ; g p y h d , u z ; L t p i y c a u ; e ; j M i l f i s Ak ; > kpf cau;e;j tpiyAila nrUg;igAk; nfhLj;jJ kl;Lk; ,d;wp je;jhh;. vtUf;Fk; nra;J f\;lk; ,q;F juhky; nfhz;L kd;dd;. ehd;F midj;J vg;gb tUtJ vd mij thrypYk; thrypYk; Ie;J Urp mj;jid Nahrid mwpe;J nfhz ;L gjpdhW nfhz;l Ng h d ; w gd;dpuz;Lhapuk; f h ` g h z hi t A k ;
(kahapanas)

nrq;fy;fisAk; nfhz;L

,Ue;jhh;

n f h z ; l N j t i j fs ; , u N t h L , u t h f x t ; x U e h i s f ; F k ; Njitahd kfpo;e;J nrq;fy;fis clNd itj;J tpl;Lr; nrd;wdu;. mijf; Nfl;l kd;dd; kpfTk; Nghdhd;. t h i rd yl;rk; fhg;gzhTk; (gzk;);> mNj msT Jzpfs;> czTg; nghUl;fs;> czT> jputpaq;fs;> Fbf;f kyu;fs;> jz;zPPu;> Mfhuk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-256midj;ijAk; ‘,e;j Nghff; Ntiyf;F Ntz;ba fl;l ngw;Wf; mij msT i tf ; f r ; vtUk; nrhy;yp jhk; ntWk; Ntiy gpd; xU Gj;j gq;F tpl;L ];Jhgpiaf; $yp $lhJ. cjTk; nra;Ak; ifAld; nra;aj; mjw;Nfw ;w ‘ vd me;j vd gpl;F Ntz;Lk;

nfhs;shky; vd;d nra;j

mtutUf;F

Njhd;Wfpd;wNjh kd;dd;

C j p a j ; i j Ak ; n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; L n r y ; y N t z ; L k ; M i z a p l ; l h h ; . mq ; f p U e ; j ];Jhghit xU e p u ; k hz p g ; g j p y ; j d f ; F k ; nrq;fiy mJ

vz;zpajhy; vtUf;Fk; njhpahky; fsp kz;zpy ; nra ;j fyitia itj;Jf; fl;bf; nfhz ;L mjdhy; , U e ; j t d p l k ; n f h L j ; J t p l ; L r ; n r d ; w h h ; . m j w ; F $ y p ia ngw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy. fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl xU ru;r;ir vOe;jJ. mJ xU kd;ddpd; ifapy; ftdj;jpy; kW nry;y me;j fspkz; N t i y a hi sf ; f y i ti a Ak ;

$ g ; g p l ; L t p r h u p j ; j hh ; . m e ; j N t i y a hs ; $ w p d h d ; ‘k d ; d h kyUk; ifapy; Gj;j Ve;jpf; nfhz;L te;j gpl;F n f h L j ; j j p d h y ; j hd ;

mij ehd; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Nld;. ’ me ; j kd;dDk; mij n f h z ;L gpl;F je;j me;j nra;j gpl;F Jwtp ahh; ahh; vdf; vdj; vjhtJ fz ;L n j h pa $yp

g p b f ; F k h W x U t i u e p a k p j ; j h h ; . m e ; j N t i y a h s ; $ w pa mlahsj;ijf; te;jJk; me;j Ntiyf;F

nfhLf;f vz ;zpa kd;du ; Nghjp kuj;jbapy; tsu ;e ;jpUe;j %d;W ky;ypif nrbfspd; fd;iw xU FLitapy; itj;J mij vLj;Jg; Ngha; mtuplk; je;J t p L k hW $wpdhh ;. mij Kjypy; Vw;f kWj;j gpl;Ftplk; KO tptuj;ijf;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-257$wpa vd;w fl;bf; mtUk; gpd; mijg; ngw;Wf; ,Ue;j xU xU nfhz;lhh;. gPahq;fyh mq;F gpl;F Nfhjpthyh
( P i ya n g a l l a) ( K o t t h i v a l a)

khtl;lj;jpy; Nru;e;j ,Ue;j

,lj;ijr; nfhz;L jd;

nrq;fy;fis cwtpdu;. rpbah me;j

Ntiyf;fhudpd; Ntiyf;F

gq;fpw;fhd

fl;lg;gl;Lf; nfhz;L ,Ue;j ,lj;jpw;F te;J vtUf;Fk; njhpahky; fsp kz;zpy; nra;j nrq;fiyf; nfhLj;jhh;. Mdhy; ,Ue;jJ. fhl;LkhW milahsk; NjuhitahJ ,Ug;gplj;jpw;F fl;l`hy nrd;W gw;wpa njhpa Njuhit tptuj;ij nrhe;j tu mtu; MfNt nra;jpUe;j nfhz;L mJ ,Ue;jij Fwpj;J nrq;fy; tpl NtW tpthjk; Mdhy; mtd; mtu;fs; mstpy; v O e ; j J. m ij me;j cgNahfpj;Jf;

kd;dDf;Fk; mJ njhpa tu> me;j nrq;fiy milahsk; mtdplk; fhl;l $wpdhh;. vd vdf; kd;dd; gpd; jd;dhy; $wpdhd;. ,ayhJ

njhpAkh xUtiu

Nfl;L mDg;gpdhh;. vd;w jpUk;gp te;J nry;y

mt U i la JhJtDk; ,lj;jpw;Fr; mtiug; Njuh ,uz;L > ,Ug;gJ me;j

guptdh

( K a t t h a ha l a - p a r i v e na)

re;jpj;jg; CUf;Ff;

kd;ddplk; Mapuk;

njhptpj;jhd;. fpsk;gpr; gzk;

k d ; d dp d ;

mtUf;F gzk;>

kjpg;gpyhd gpw

M i l fi s A k ; > rhkdhf;fs;

third

j pu t p a k ; >

rf;fiu

cgNahfpf;Fk;

nghUl;fs;

Nghd;wtw;iwAk; nfhLj;jhh;. mJ me;j tUb kl;Lk; my;yhJ mku me;j itj;J kzk; NjuhTld; ,dpg;G kpf;f tPl;bw;F jhDk; ePu; fpsk;gpr; je;J

nrd;whh;. gPahd;fyh Jhuj;Nj njhpe;jJ. xU ku epoypy; Njuhit tpl;lhh;. Mfhuk; mtUila fhy;fis vz;izf; tp[ak; n f h z ;L nra;Ak;

‘v d ; D i l a

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-258Njuhtpw;F ehd; vd;d nfhLg;NgNdh mit midj;ijAk; cq;fSf;Fj; kfDf;Fk; Njuh me;j je;J ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. cilfs; je;J mJ Nghy vd; ,uz;L cs;Nsd;. ngw;Wf; mijAk; nfhz;L

c q ; f s p l N k j e ; J t p l ; N l d ; ’. m t w ; i w g ; n g w ; W f ; n f h z ; l kd;ddplk; ,Ue;J tpil fpsk;gpr; nrd;whh;. mq;F ];Jhghit Gj;j mila fl;l jhd; jd;dhy; Vw;W nra;Ak; vd;w Md nray; jd;dhy; cjtpfs; jd;id Kbe;j

nra;jtu;fs; nrd;wdh;. nrhh;fj;ij

rkaj;ij itf;Fk; mtd;

nrhh;fj;jpw;Fr; e k ; g p f ; i f ia

vtndhUtd;

itj;jpUf;fpd;whNdh

e p r ; r a k hf

msT Nritia ];Jhghtpw;F nra;thd;. ];Jhgh epu;khzpj;j ,lj;jpy; Ntiy nra;J te ;j

,uz;L ngz;fs; NkYyfpy; Kg;gj;jp %d;W Njtijfspy; xUtuhfg; gpwe;jpUe;jdh;. m e ;j , UtUf ;Fk ; jhk; nra ;j fhupak; mNj md;W me;j epidTf;F jkJ te;jJk; G+f;fis ju
( Bhä t i v a nk a)

vLj;Jf; mq;F vd;w

nfhz ;L te;jdh;. ,lj;jpy;

];Jhgpf;F

tzf;fq;fisj; gbthq;fh ];Jhgp

Neuj;jpy; ,uT ,U

t r p j ; j p U e ; j k f h N j u h t h d k ` h r p t h ( M a h a s i v a ) v d ; g tu ; jhk; mike;Js;s ghh;j;jhh;. jk;Kila vd;gij , l j ; j p w ; F r; mtu ;fSf;Fj; khpahijia gpwF gpwf ;f ftdpj;jg; nrd;W tzq;f Ntz;Lk; vd epidj;jgb mq;F t e ;jtu;> ngz;fisAk; mtu;fs; vg;gb nrYj;jpdhh;fs; njhpahky; ];Jhgpf;F j Pg f w ; g N k

G w g ; g l ; l m t u ; f s p lk ; ‘ c q ; f S i l a N j [ ] ; ] p d h y ; , e ; j n[hypf;fpd;wNj. ePq;fs; ’
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

N j t i j f s hf

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-259vd;d fhupak; n r a ; j Pu ; f s ; ? ’ vd;W Nfl;lhh;. mtu;fSk; me;j ];Jhgp epu;khzj;jpy; Mw;wpa gq;fpw;fhf jhlfhjh jk;ik nrhu;fj;jpw;F mDg;gp cs;shh; vdf; $wpdhh;. ];Jhghtpd; jk;Kila Gije;J jiy %d;W mLf;Ff; nra;J nra;jhh;. fl;blq;fs; Njuh Nkw; xd;gJ $l;l me;j Kbtile;jJk; mij gug;gpy; Kiw G+kpapy; mjd; fl;ba

rf;jpapdhy; Nghfr;

me;j G+kpapd; mg;gb

n j u p A k hW

midj;Jk; Gkpf;Fs; %o;fpf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jijf; fz;l kd;dd;
(80>000)

g p l ; F f ; f s pd ; gpl;Ff;fs; jhdq;fs; ];Jhgp

$l;lj;ijf; te;jdu;. gpd; toq;fpag;

vz;gjhapuk; ed;F gpur;ridf; Gije;J ngw ;w KbT Kb’ i t j ; j hh ; . fl;b

mq;F

mtu;fis

cgrupj;J kd;dh> Nghff; Gj;j ,dp

Fwpj;J ftiyj; njhptpj;j kd;ddplk; mtu;fs; $wpdh; ‘ me;j $lhJ me;j gpw;fhyj;jpy; gy msT me;j G+kpf;Fs; Gijf;f eP Jtf;fp vd;gjpdhy;jhd; gpur;ridAk; fl;bl rpj;jpfisg; K j y py ;

gpl;F

K j y pNy N a

tuhJ.

nra;jpUe;jgbNa vd;wdh;. mijf; fl;Lk; Nfl;L

Ntiyiaj;

kdk;

kfpo;e;j nra;aj;

kd;dd;

kPz;Lk; gj;J

];Jhgp khbf;

Ntiyfisj;

Jtf;fpdhh;.

fl;blk; fl;l gj;J Nfhb
(Uttara
and Sumana)

(10>00>00>000)

nrq;fy;fs; gad; Gdpjr; tz;z tlf;F R+upad;

gLj;jg;gl;ld. rhkdhf;fshd cj;juh kw;Wk; Rkd;dhit me;j tUkhW vd;w Gj;j rNfhjuu;fs; Fwpg;gpl;l mtu;fSk; mile;J rpd;dk; FU itf;Fk; miwf;F mo$l;l mDg;g> ,lj;ij

g h i w fi s

nfhz;L
Kurus)

(Northern

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-260Nghy; msT vLj;J Nghd;w n[hypj;j ePs te;jdu;. mikg;gpy; vl;L me;j > mq;Fy ,Ue;j MW jiuf;F xt;xd;Wk; jbkDk; MW xU fPo; vz;gJ tz;z gf;fk; kw;Wk; xU vd %b fpA+gpl; ghiwia n g l; b eh d;F Nghy mfyj;jpy;;

ghiwfisAk;

gf;fj;jpw;F ,Uf;FkhW me;j rpW

ehd;Fk;;>

kw;w ,uz;ilAk; mikj;jdh;. miwapy; ,Ue;j me;j mw;Gjkhd rpwpa Nghjp fpA+gpl; et mb kzpfspdhy; kd;dd; kuj;jpy; cau

nra;ag;gl;L itj;jhh;.

kuj;ij

gjpndl;L

Ie;J fpisfs; ,Ue;jd. e Pyf;fy ; kPJ itf;fg;gl;b Ue ;j m j d ; N t u ; f s ; g t o j ; j p d h Y k ; > f p i sf s ; n t s ; s pa p d h Y k ; > goq;fs; jq;fj;jpdhYk;> ,iyfs; ,Ue;jd. g y ; N tW me;j etuj;jpdq;fspdhYk; tpjkhd kzpfs; xd;gJ njhq;f kzpfspdhy; itf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. G+f;fs;> mq;Fk; yl;rg; nra;ag;gl;L

kuj;jpd; jz;il Rw;wp mw;Gjkhd Ntiyaikg;gpy; vl;L gpuhzpfs; ,q;Fk; Nghd;wit myq;fupj;jd. , U e ; j d. R+upad; etuj;jpd $iuapy; fw;fshy; N k w ; $ i w a p y ; , U e ; J j q ; f > g t o k z p N a h i r j U k ; r pW njhq;f gzk; ,Ue;jd. tplg;gl;L re;jpu gy Nkw; vl;L tz;zf;
(9>00>000)

kjpg;gpy;

Kj;Jr;ruq;fs;

tplg;gl;L

N g h d ; w i t f Sk ; >

el;rj;jpuq;fSk; nra;ag;gl;L Mapuj;jp

M d k h i y f S k ; n j h q ; f t p l g ; g l ; L ,U e ; j d . gy nfhLj;j mLf;Ffshf jputpaq;fisAk; mtw;wpy; tz;ztz;z ehd;F rpy me;j fw;fspdhy; tpj kzk; epwg;gp

nra;ag;gl;bUe;j itj;jpUe;jdh;.

kyu;fisAk;>

FLitfspy;

fhypahfTk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-261itf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. mit midj;Jk; Nghjp kuj;jpd; mbg;Gwj;ij Nfhb mtiur; epiyapy; myq;fupj;jgb xU jq;fj;jpy; Rw;wp itf;fg;gl;L r p iy ,Ue;jd. xU nrytpy; mw;Gjkhd Gj;ju; Mrdj;jpy; cUtq;fs; rhkuf; mk u ; e ; j g y ; N tW Filiag;
( V i j a y u t t a r a) (Pancasikha)

nra;ag ;gl;bUf ;f kfh gpUk;kh

, U e ;j t u ; f S i l a jiy fly; kPJ

tz;zf; fw;fspy; tbtikf;fg;gl;bUe;jd.
(Mahabrahma) (Sakka)

mtu; tpj

ntz;

gbj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;f> Njth;fspd; jiytuhd rhf;fh xU rq;fhd tp[Aj;juh gd;fhrpf;fh fhyehfh
(Mara)

vd;gjpdhy; jz;zPu; Cw;wp me;j ,lj;ij Gdpjg;gLj;Jk; rlq;if Foy; gzpg; nra;J Cjpf; nfhz;bUf;f> nfhz;bUf;f> n f hz ; l mioj;J rpw;gq;fSk; khuh te;J eldkhbf;
(Kalanaga)

jd;

n g z ; f S ld ;

nfhz;bUf;f> nfhz;bUf;Fk;

M a p uk ; tpjj;jpy;

iffisf; midj;J

ahidfisAk; kzpfspdhy;

gilapdiuAk;

etuj;jpd

nra;ag;gl;L itf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. VO mq;Fkhf Mizapl;L te;jpUe;j Nghjidfis thuq;fshf m e;j e i l n g w ; w pU e ; j Gdpj Njt miwf;Fs; Nyhfj;jpy; rlq;fpy; ; gg;g[;[h midj;J ,q;Fk; ,Ue;J Muk;gpj;J ,Ue;J> cgNjrk; mile;jJ> tp[ak;>

epfo;r;rpfisAk;

tz;zkakhf rpj;jupj;J itf;FkhW kd;du; ,Ue;jhh;. gpUk;kh ,iw Nghjpf;fj; tzf;fj;Jld; Jtq;fpa

ahrhf;fs; (Yasa) Gj;j rkaj;jpy; ,ize;j epfo;r;rpfs;> gj;jthf;fpahtpw;F uh[fh`h vz;gJ
(Bhaddavaggiyas)

nra;jJ> [byhf;fis mlf;fpaJ> gpk;gprhuhtpd; tUif>
(Rajagaha)

te;jJ>

N t Y td h i t

rp\;ah;fs;

>

fgpythj;J

( K a p i l a v a t t h u)

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-262me;j kha ,lj;jpy; mDgtk;> ,uj;jpdq;fs; u`_yh kw;Wk; gjpj;j ee;jh ghij ngw;w N j h d ; w pa gg;g[;[h kuj;jbapy; ngw;w te;j itgtk;> u`_yhtpw;F >
( D ha n a p a l a) (Alavaka)

cgNjrk;> Vw;gl;l mjprak;> nra;j jd; Gj;ju; khyhtpd; xLf;fpaJ> nfhz;L nfhz;lJ Gj;jUf;F jz;zPu;

N[jtdhit khah[hy Njtu;fs; NjuhTld;

mile;jJ > G+kpf;F elj;jpa

khk;go

mDgtk;>

NjtNyhfj;jpy; ,wq;fp tpthj

mwpTiwfs;>

k`hrkhaRj;jd;jh mwpTiw> Vtp kPJ

( M a h a s a m a y a s u t t a n t a) >

k`hkq;fyRl;lh ahid af;fh kd;dd;

(Mahamangalasutta)

tplg;gl;l ehf

jdghyid

mlf;fpaJ>
( A n g u l i - m a l a)

mythf;fhit mgyhyhitAk;

mlf;fpaJ>

mq;Fyp Gj;jh; ngw;Wf; t e ;J ghrp Fbf;f fij> tUk; J z pia gpd;

topg;gwf;

n f h s ; i s f ; f h u i uAk ; re;jpj;jJ> Gj;jh;

gudafhit te;jpUe;j > ky;yh mzptpj;j

(Parayanakas)

epk ;gd;dh mile ;jJ> Rfk;kjhth ( suk a r am ad da v a) vd;gtu; gd;wp khkprj;ij vd;gtu; Gf;F];]h ,uz;L mJ nfhz;L fij> Md Gj;jh;

Milfspd; gspq;F Nghy

g b e ; j f F d ; j h ( K a k u t t h a) V u p a p y ; , U e ; J vLj;j nghOJ

epg;gd;dh fhl;rp> Njtu;fs; te;J epd;wJ > Njuh k`hfhrg;gh tpyf;fp te;J epd;W fhy;fis njhl;L %ba

tiu Gj;jUila cly; vupf;fg;glhky; ,Ue;j fhl;rpfs;> Gj;jUila f h y ; f i sj ; tzq;fpa

j h d h f N t r p i j v u p a j ; J t q ; f p a f h l ; r p > N j t N y h f j ; j py ; ,Ue;J (Mfhak;) tpOe;j jz;zPu; vupe;J nfhz;L ,Ue;j rpijapd; vLj;j Vw;gl;l
(Dona)

neUg;ig

mizj;j Gdpj jPu;j;J

fhl;rp> itf;f

rpijapy; ngw;Wf; gpuhkzu;

,Ue;J nfhs;s Njhdh gpupj;j

Gj;jUila vd;gtu;

rpd;dq;fis vl;L

tpthjj;ijj;

mtw;iw

ghfq;fshfg;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-263fhl;rp> Gj;jUila Nghd;w tho;f;ifia midj;ijAk; Fwpf;Fk; mq;F [hlfh fij fhl;rpfs; rpw;gq;fshfg;

gjpf;FkhW kd;dd; Mizapl;lhh;. rpbahtpd; ehd;F kw;Wk; ehd;F thry;fspYk; jj;juj;jh> cyiff; tpUy;`h> fhj;J epd;w

kd;du;fshd Ntrtdh

tpUg;ghf;fh %d;W vl;L gpw

(Dhatarattha,Virulha,Virupakkha,Vessavana )

Nghd;Nwhh; flTl;fs;> jiytu;fs;> Njtijfs; epwg;gp Ve;jp

epd;wpUf;f Njtijfs;> i ff ; jq;fSila

mtu;fSld; af;fhf;fspd; epd;W iffspy;

Kg;gj;jp ,Ugj;jp nfhz;bUe;j kyu;

$g;gp

nfhj;Jf;fs; j h k iu

itf;fg;gl;l epd;wpUe;j gy

FLitfs;>

fz;zhbfs;>

k y u ; f s ; > k z k p f ; f t h r i d j p u t p a q ; f s ; N g h d ; w t w ; i w Ak ; fhl;rpfs ,lq;fspy; ituq;fs; mikf;fg;gl> myq;fhu Gdpj Gj;jupd; vd gytpjkhd t i s T fs ; > rpd;dkhd gjpf;fg ;gl;L miwf;Fr; fw;fspdhy; mtw;wpy; jq;f ,Ue;j myq;fupf;fg;gl;l

jk;kf;fh (dhammacakkas) eiffs;> Jhz;fs;

ehd ;F %iyfspYk; Kj ;Jf ;fs ;> midj;Jk; Gdpj rpd;d

Nghd;witAk;

n r y ; Y k ; t o pi a my q ; f u p j ; j d . MW r p j ; j p f ; f i s Ak ; Fiwtpd;wp ng w;wpUe;j > Njuh mit N j t i j fs ; r f ; j p f s; ve;j

,e;jFl;lh mikf;fg;gl;ld. kw;Wk; Nghd;wtw;wpdhy;

(Indagutta)

j i y i k a py ; jpwik mG+u;t

kd;dDila mspj;j me;j

Njuhf;fs;

Vw;ghLfs;

midj;Jk;

t p j k h d F o g ; g K k ; , d ; w p n r a ; J K bf ; f g ; g l ; b U e ; j d . ,Uz;l tho;tpy; xsp je;J> kf;fSila Jah; j Pu ;f ;f

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-264jd;idNa Gj;jiu ,lj;jpy; mjw;Fj; nray;gl;L> mjw;F mu;gzpj;j cs;s xg;Gau;tpy;yhj kfhd; xU Nghw;wp tzq;fp mtUila Gdpjr; rpd;dq;fis kdpj Fy Nkk;ghl;bw;fhf epu;khzpf;f Njitahd mij j d ; D i la nra;a nra;Jk; tho;ehspNyNa ek;gpf;ifAld; k l ; L Nk

cyfk; KOtJk;

nray;fis

Kbj;jtu;

cz;ikahd mwpthspahthu;. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top ‘G d p j r ; Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh miw’

Nguhde;jk; Kg;gjhk;;

nghq;fpl ghfkhd

tFj;j rpd;d

%u;j;jpapd;

v d ; w g Fj p K b T w ; w J .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-26531 : Gdpj rpd; d ]; j hgdk;
Gdpj rpd;dj;ij ];jhgdk; nra;a mjw;fhd miw jahh; MdJk; ‘kW miwapy; mtu;fis Gj;j kd;du; G+[h me;j jd; kd;dd; jhk; Gj;j Gdpj nfhz;L gpl;Ff;fspd; rpd;dj;ij NghtjhfTk;> te;J me;j rigiaf; Gjpajhff; MfNt $l;bdhh;. fl;bAs;s G d pj ehs;

];jhgpf;fg;

me;j

rpd;dq;fisf;

jUkhW kd;dd; nrd;W

Nfl;gjw;fhfNt njhptpj;jhh;. t p L j ; j Jk ; Gj ;j tpl;lhh;.

mioj;Js;sjhfTk;’ ,lj;jpw;Ff; midj;J guptdhtpy; fpsk;gpr;

gpl;Ff;fsplk;

N t z ; L Nf h i s

gpl;Ff;fSk;

r p j ; j p f i sA k ;

n g w ; w p U e ; j tUk ; > jpwikg; taJ

(Puja-parivena)

ngw;wpUe;jtUlhd NrhDl;luh (Sonuttara) vd;w gpl;Ftplk; nghWg;ig xg;gilj;jdh;. mtUila mg;nghOJ gjpdhW. Kd;du; Gj;jh; ,Ue;j gpuhkzh; mioj;Jf; gFjpahd fg;gy; gl;lh[p Kd; xU Kiw cyf kf;fspd; tpNkhrdj;jpw;fhf Nghjpj;jgb ed;Jjhuh me;j mtiu ,ize;j nrd;W Njuh rw ;W mtu;fSld; ejpapd; vd;w

mq;Fk; nghOJ

,q;Fk; fq;if xU

miye;J fiu gpuhkziu neUf;fkhf

nfhz;L

ejpg;Gwj;jpy; Md

( Na n d u t t a ra)

vd;w nfhz;L gpuahif

re;jpj;jhh;. gpd;

rk;Gj;jUld;

fq;ifAk;
(Payaga)

aKidAk; ,lj;jpw;Fr;

vd;w

xd;wpy;
(Bhaddaji)

Vwpdhh;. vd;gtu;

mg;nghOJ fq;if

,Ue;jtu;fspy;

midj;J

r f ; j p fi sA k ;

ngw;wpUe;j

njhiytpy; njd;gl;l Roy; ePu; gFjpiaf; fhl;b ‘ ehd; gpwtpapy; k`hghejh (Mahapanada) k d ; d dh f
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-266,Ue;j ehd; trpj;jpUe;j ,Ugj;jp Ie;J Nahrid msT tpupe;jpUe;j k PJ XLk; jq;f nghOJ khspif Royhf ,e;j khwp Roy; cs;s g F j p a py ; ; ,jd; $w vdf; %o;fp tpl;lJ. mJ Kjy; fq;if ejpapd; jz;zPu; tpLfpd;wJ ’ k w ; w g p l ; F f ; f s ; m i j ek ; g k W j ; j d h ; .

m t u ; f s ; r k ; G j ; j u pl k ; n r d ; W m J F w p j ; J f ; N f l ; f m t u ; ; me;j Njuhtplk; ‘mtu;fSila fhl;l Iaj;ijg; topNa Nghf;F’ gwe;J gpUk;k ( Dussavd;whh;. mjdhy; me;j Njuh Kjypy; jd;Dila rf;jpia mtu;fSf;F nrd;W Nyhfj;ij gd;dpuz;L
thupa)

vLj;Jf;

thdj;jpd; mile;jhh;.

VO jyh

(seven talas)

njhiytpy; ,Ue;j J] ];Jhgh

(Brahma-world)

mq;fpUe;j

Nahrid

msT

,Ue;j

it jd;Dila ,U iffspYk; Ve;jp te;J mij

thdj;jpy; ,Ue;Nj kw;wtu;fSf;Ff; fhl;bdhh;. mjd; gpd; mq;fpUe;J Neuhf fq;if ejpf;Fs; khspif , U e ; j , l j ; j p y ; F j p j ; J % o ; f p > j h k ; $ w p a k h s pi f a pd ; fyrj;ij ee;Jj;juh kw;wtu;fsplk; nfhz;L $lhjh mLj;jg; tUk; ?’ jd; iffshy; gpbj;Jf; mile;Jf; Gdpjr; rf;jp nfhz;L $wpdhh; mij ‘ mg;gbNa NkNy ,Oj;J te;jhh;. mijf; fz;l gpuhkzh; Mr;rupak; cs;s tiff;fhd mtu; rpd;dq;fis vdf;Ff; Nghy vLj;Jf; fpilf;ff; mtUila

mjdhy; g p w t p a py ;

tpUk;gpaJ

NrhDl;luhfg; tUk;

gpwe;jpUe;jhh;.

mtUf;F gjpdhW taJ Md nghOJjhd; mtuplk; Gdpj rpd;dq;fisf; mtu; ‘me;j nfhz;L nghWg;igj; je;jpUe;jdh;. vg;gb ngw;Wf; nfhz;L rpd;dq;fis

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-267tUtJ?’ mtu;fs; ,Ue;j kf;fspd; mioj;J vd rNfhju gpl;Ff;fsplk; Gdpjr; cs;sJ Nfl;l rpd;dq;fs; vd;gij gpd; nghOJ t ps p k ; g p y ; cyf m w pe ; J ,g;gbahff; Gj;jgpuhd; ed;ikf;F ‘j h d ; $wpdh; topNfhy NjtNyhf kuzk;
vd;gJ

:- “kuzj;jpd;

jd;Dila

nfhz;bUe;jjpdhy; rpd;dq;fis Nlhdhf;fshf itf;fg;gl msT rhf;fpah Ngha; Mdhy; nghpa vdTk;>
(vYk;G) (Dona

mjpgjpahd mit

rhf;fhit j d ; D i la vl;L gpupj;J Nlhdh cs;s vLj;Jg; vdTk; ,Uf;Fk; Kjyhk;

mile;jg;
xU

vLj;J vdTk;>

xt;xd;Wk;
msT)

Fwpg;gpl;l

Ntz;Lk
(Sakya)

mtw;wpy;

xU

rpd;dj;ij

uhkfhkhtpy; k d ; d D i la ghJfhj;J rpd;d

(Ramagama)

cwtpdh;fshd tUthu;fs;

Nfhypahf;fs; (Koliyas) vd;w kiy thrp kf;fs; Nghw;wp gpd;du; tzq;fp mit Gdpjr; =yq;fhtpy; epu;khzpf;f miwapy; ,Uf;Fk; gpwF

];Jhgpapd;

itf;fggLk; r h k d h f ; f s pd ; kd;dd;
(Rajagaha)

jd;Dila jiyik

kuzj;jpw;Fg; jhq;f Ngha;

MNyhridf;F rpd;dq;fisAk; m[hjrl;Ltpd; itj;jpUg;ghh vLj;Jf; gpl;Ff;fs; ; Gdpjh;

jiytuhd Njuh k`hfhrg;gh vd;gtu; me;j VO Nlhdh vLj;Jg; vdTk;> tu ghJfhg;ghf mijf; fhz jiyefukhd gpd;du; uh[fh`htpy;

,Uf;Fk; kw;w

k d ; d d ; j k ; k N f h r h v l ; l h t J N l h d h m s T r p d ; d j ; i j Ak ; nfhz;L jLj;J Kay;thd ,Ue;jhh;. gpd; fhyk; fle;jJ. uh[fhkhtpy; vdTk;> mjw;F mij xU tpLthh;fs;. fhuzk;

cs;sJ’ vdTk; $wp kiwe;jg;

fl;lg;gl;l ];Jhgpapy; ,Ue;j mtUila Gdpjr; rpd;dk;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-268fq;ifapd; fyrj;Jld;; ejpg; ngUf;fpdhy; kpje;J mJ nrd;W itf;fg;gl;bUe;j tpl;lJ. fq;if mq;fpUe;J

,uz;lhfg; gpupAk; ,lj;jpw;F mJ NghdJk; n[hypf;Fk; m i j Rw ; w p g y t p j e t u j ; j p d k z p fS k ; t e ; J k pj e ; j d. mijg; ehfkhd mioj;Jf; Nfhtpy; G+[pj;J k d ; d dp l k ; rpd;d ghh;j;j ehfh;fs; kd;dd; Ngha; me;j nra;jpia jk; f hy

( Kalanaga)

kQ;rpNufhtplk; mij vLj;J vOg;gp kpFe;j eP Ngha; eilngw

(Manjerika)

nrd;W $w> mtu; gj;jhapuk; (10>000) ehfq;fis jk;Kld; nfhz;L te;J mjpy; vLj;J cs;s r p w pa itj;J te;J G d pj fl;b> ];JhghitAk; mJ mijjhd; ehis mij

tUfpd;whh;;. cs;sJ. ju Ntz;Lk;.

ghJfhg;gpy;

itf;fg;gl;L

];jhgdj;jpy;

kd;dh;

me;j

m i w a py ;

itg;ghh; ” vd;wdh;. mijf; kW ehs; Nfl;ltu; vd;W elf;f nfhz;L ‘rup> $wpa ,Ue;j tuyhk; me;j ehd; gpd; vd Gdpj Ngha; miwf;Fj; Gdpjr; rpe;jpj;jgb miwapy; kd;dd; mij vLj;J

tUfpd;Nwd;’ vg;gbf; Gdpjr; cs;sJ Nghl;L

jpUk ;gpaJk ;> rpd;dj;ijf; mq;F nry ;y

tpohtpw;F

rupahd rkaj;ijj; Njh;e;njLf;ff; fhj;jpUe;jhh;. kWehs; rpd;dq;fs; vd;w mwptpj;J ];jhgpf;fg;gl jz;Nlhuh , U e ; j hh ; . nr a ; j p i a tpLkhW efu; KOtJk; $wp

e f n u q ; F k ; t p o h f ; N f h y j ; j p y ; m y q ; ; f h p f ; f g ; g l ; L , U e ; j J. N j t N y h f m j p g j pa h d r h f ; f h T k ; t p r h f k ; k h i t m i o j ; J =yq;fh KOtJk; me;j tpohf; Nfhyj;jpw;F vd;d NjitNah mij nra;J jUkhW mDg;gpdhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-269md;W khiy gil tu> xU kd;dDila R+o> ehl;ba Fjpiug; f li k fi s kq;iffs; g i lf s ; te;j rup tur; nra;J tpl;l jpUg;jpAld;> kdjpy; ngUk; kfpo;r;rpAld;> jd;Dld; nfhz;L eldkhbf; tu ahid> mzptFj;J kd;dd;>

F j p i u f s ; G + l ; l g ; g l ; l u j j ; j p y ; m k u ; e ; J n f h z ; L ; m o f pa Mguzq;fis tpoh gl;lj;J ,lj;ij elf;f ahid mile;jhh;. mzpe;J ,Ue;j vjpu; fz;Lyh nfhz;L ,lkhd nfhz;L me;j k`hNk` miof;Fk; G+q;fhit tpjj;jpy; Fil ,irf;

mtiu

epd;wpUf;f> nghOJ

ntz;rhkuf; gy;NtW Nks

tphpf;fg;gl;L mjd; fPo; jq;ff; FLit itf;fg;gl;bUe;j kd;dd; ,ir mile;j ,irj;jdh;. fiyQu;fs; thj;jpa jhsq;fs;

f h i j j ; J i s f ; F k ; t p j j ; j p y ; x y p v Og ; g p d . NrhDl;luh ehf mkur; me;j rg;jq;fisf; KbTld; re;jpj;jhh;. jdJ gpd; Nfl;lhh;. clNd ,dpAk; fpsk;gpr; fhyk; nrd;W me;j fhuzk;

flj;jf; $lhJ kd;did nrhy;yp

vd;w

mtiu mq;F

md;Gld; te;jjpd;

tuNtw;W

gzpthd mtu;

tzf;fq;fis

Jwtpf;Fr;

nra;j

Fwpj;J ehf kd;dd; Nfl;lhh;. mtUk; Gdpjr; jhd; te;jjpw;fhd $wpdhh;. ‘ ];Jhghtpy; fhuzk; i tf ; f m i d j ; i j Ak ; cs;s Gj;jupd; vd Ntz;Lk;

kiwf;fhky;

cq;fsplk;

rpd;dj;ij

FUehju; tpUk;gp cs;sjpdhy;> cq;fsplk; ,Ue;J mij ngw;Wf; nfhs;s te;Js;Nsd;. kWf;fhky; vd;dplk; mij ju Ntz;Lk;’ vd;whh;. mijf; Nfl;l ehf kd;dd; ftiy n f h z L k d j p y ; e p i d j ; j h h ; ‘r p d ; d k ; i t f ; f g ; g l ; L c s ; s
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-270,lj;ijg;; ,e;j Jwtp ghh;j;J tpl;lhy vg;gbahtJ mij vLj;Jg; ngw nrd;W Ngha; xopj;J tpLthh;. MfNt itj;J jd;Dila ,ufrpakhf ,Ue;j Gdpj itf;fg;gl;L mtuplk; mij tpl iriff; ,Ue;j ehd; Nghupl;L ntw;wp vLj;Jr; , g ; g b a hf >me;j ehfk; Ngha; KOq;fp KbahJ. NtW kUkfd; fhl;l vq;fhtJ

N t z ; L k ; ’.

vz;zpatu;
( V a s u l a d a t ta)

tRyjj;jtplk; ,lj;jpw;Fg; mg;gbNa

me;j

rpd;dk;

FLitAld;

rpd;dj;ij

tapw;wpy; itj;Jf; nfhz;L tpl;lJ. t a p w ; w p y ; i t j ; J f ; n f h z ; l r p d ; d j ; J l d ; $ b a F L i tia ,d;W NkU (Meru) rpdpU vd;w Nahrid jd; gLj;Jf; nfhs;s GifAk; ,Ue;jJ. ehfu;fSk;> Nghfpd;wtu; fhj;jpUe;jdh;. me;j Gdpjr; rpd;dq;fis xope;J mtu; j d ; D i la itj;J Njuhtplk;; kUkfd; tpl;lhd; vLj;Jf; v d ; g ij ve;j cliy tl;lKk;> vd miof;fg;gLk; md;iwa ngauhd nrd;W xU Kd;DhW Nghy mJ Nahrid Rw;wp kl;Lk; thapy; ePsKk; my;yhJ ,Ue;J rw;wp gLf;fr; ntw;wp MtYld; nfhz;l nfhz;L j dJ mikj;Jf; neUg ;Gk;> Nghy; nrhy;yp kw;w mq;F milag; muz; kiyabthuj;jpy; (Mount Sineru) faW

itj;Jf;

nfhz;lJ. me;j ntsp me;j elf;f ahh;

rf;jpapdhy;

Mapuf;fzf;fhd Kfq;fspd;; te;jd. jd;idr;

Kfj;ij

g y ; y h a p u f ; f z f ; f hd

ehfq;fisAk; fz;l ghh;f;f cs;s Aj;jj;jpy;

fhl;rpiaf; vd;gijg;

Njtu;fSk;

nfhz;L; njhpe;J

Ngha;

nfhz;lTld;

‘v d ; d p l k ;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-271Gdpjr; jhd; rpd;dKk; fl;b ,y;iyNa’ vdf;; Myaj;jpw;F $wpdh; rpbahtpy; khbf;Fg; ‘ $wpa gpd; Njuhit Ngha; gpl;F gy Eio ,Ue;j NkYk; ,e;j Nky; cs;s mioj;Jg; kjpg;gpw;Fwpa mw;Gjkhd NghFk; =yq;fhtpd; gbf;fl;bd; fiy
fy;)

fhl;batu; mtu;fNs kzpfs;jhd; ,lq;fspy; thapypy; fpilahJ. ,uj;jpd rpd;dj;ij ,lj;jpy; kjpg;gpw;Fwpa

e t u j ; j pd

itf;fg;gl;L

cs;sJ. rpw;gf;

tl;ltbtkhd mitfSk; moFf;F mtu;fNs nfhz;L epidg;gJ

epiwe;j ,e;j MfNt < b y ; y hj j F j pia

re;jpuf; fw;fspd; mofpw;F ,izahf NtW vJTk; mq;F Mdhy; k z p fs p d ; gpl;F vLj;Jf; itf;f
(re;jpud;

<lhfhJ. ,jw;F

,g;gbg;gl;l Ngha; cq;fSila

n g U i k a hd

Fiwf;fhjh ?’ vd;whh;. mjw;F Vw;Wf; me;j nfhs;Sk; Njuh kdg;

‘cq;fSf;F

cz;ikia

gf;Ftk;; ,y;iy. Mdhy; cz;ikia epiwe;Js;s mtw;iw nry;tJ nghWj;jtiu epahakhdNj. tho;it cyf ,lj;jpy; tpl;L ed;ikf;fhf Kw;wpYk; ,lj;jpw;F vLj;Jr; vd;id Kw;wpYk; FLk;g tpyfp ve;j

j h l fh f ; f s ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-272vOe;jUspAs;sdNuh rpd;dj;ij vd;gjpdhy; me;j me;j ehl;L ,lj;jpy; kd;dd; clNd mtu;fsJ Gdpj ];jhgpf;f vd;dplk; cs;shh; nfhLj;J

mtw;iw

tpLq;fs;’ vd gjpy; $wpdhh;. e h f h k d ; d d ; ‘m e ; j G d p j r p d ; d k ; , q ; f p U g ; g j h f e P q ; f s ; epidj;jhy; jhuhskhf mij fz;L gpbj;J vLj;Jr; nry;Yq;fs;’ vdj; Njuhtplk; $wpdhh;. Kk;Kiw ,UtUk; jhk; $wpaijNa jpUg;gpj ; jpUg ;gpf; $w> Ntz ;LNfhSf ;F ve;j tpjg; gyDk; Njuh i fi a fpilf;fg; me;j vtUila ePl;bf; FLitia Nght jpy;iy fz;fSf;Fk; nfhz;Nl ntspNa if vLj;jg; v d ; g ij Gyg;glhj me ;j tpl ;L gpd; czu;e;j jd;Dila msT kd;dDila rpd;dj;Jld; ,lj;jpy; epd;wpUe;jthNw Ngha;

nky;ypajhf;fp kUkfd; ,Ue;j

njhz;ilapy;

‘ehfh> eP ,q;NfNa ,U’ vdf; $wp tpl;L; G+kpf;F Nky; g F j p i a m i l e ; J j d ; D i l a mi w f ; F j ; j p U k ; g p d h h ; . mtu; nrd;wg; gpd; jhk; mtiu ed;whf Vkhw;wp mDg;gp tpl;Nlhk; jd;Dila jd;Dila nfhz;l Fwpj;Jf; Vkhw;wg;gl;L ehfu;fSk; nfhz;Lk; vd ,Wkhg;Gld; vz;zpa ehfh kd;dd; k U k fi d tapw;Wf;Fs; mOJ $wpdhd;. Nfhgj;jpy; ,Uf;f> FLitAld; mJ Gyk;gp; ehk; vd fj;jpf; ,Ue;j rpd;dj;ij njhpe;J mJ e h Nk kw ;w Gyk;gpf;

vLj;Jf; nfhz;L mq;F jpUk;gp tur; nrhd;dhh;. Mdhy; ,y;iy Vkhw;wg; ehf vdj; Ngha; kd;dDk; kUkfd; kd;duplk; nrd;W

tpl;NlhNk

nfhz;Lk;>

k`hNk`

G+q;fhtpNyh

Njtu;fSk ;>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-273kw;w flTl;fSk; xd;W Nru;e;J ngUk; nfhz;L me;j kfpo;rpAld; me;j G d pj Njuhit Njuhtpd; rpd;dj;ij jpwikia ghuhl;bf;

itj;jpUe;j

,lj;jpw;F

C h ; t y k h f mi o j ; J r ; n r d ; w d h ; . clNd jhk; Gdpj ehfq;fSk; Gj;j rNfhjuu;fsplk; vd;w kPJ jk; Xbr; nrd;W me;j

vg;gb

tQ;rpf;fg; mtu;fSk;

gl;Nlhk; ehfq;fs;

Jauj;ijj; nfhLf;f>

njhptpf;f>

,uf;fg;gl;L

rpd;dj;jpy;

rpwpjsT

mtu;fSf;Ff;

Mde;jj;Jld; mtw;iw ngw;Wf; nfhz;L nrd;w ehfq;fs; m t u ; f S i l a k f p o ; r ; r p i a n j h p t p f ; f m w ; G j k h d g y ; N tW gupRg; je;jdu;. jq;fk; mofpa Njtu;fs; jiytuhd me;j itj;J kw;Wk; mw;Gjkhd
eifg;

nghUl;fis

flypy;

,Ue;J

nfhz;L

te;J

gytpjkhd
ngl;b Nghd;wJ)

eiffis itj;J>

xU xU

Ngioapy;

(Casket-

rpk;khrdj;ijAk; GilR+o rhf;fh moF kPJ te;jhh;.

jq;fSld; mjw;F

vLj;Jf; Kd;Ng

nfhz ;L

me;j gLj;jp

,lj;jpw;F itj;jpUf;f>

Njtu;fspd; tprf;fk;kh G+kpf;Fs; Gdpj

,lj;ij mjd;

,Ue;J ntsp te;j Njuh me;j mw;Gjkhd rpk;khrdj;ij me;jg; Ngioapy;; ,Ue;j rpd;dq;fis itj;jhh;. gpUk;kh gpbj;Jf; rhkuk;
(Brahm a) ;

jiyg; epw;f>

gFjpapy; r k ; L r p l h*

ntz;

rhkuf;

F il ntz;

nfhz;L tPr>

( S a m t u s i t a)

Rakh* (Suyama) tPrpf;

,uj;jpdq;fs; (*,UtUk;

gjpf;fg;gl;l
Njtijfs;)>

tprpwpahy;

nfhz;bUf;f

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-274ehd;F thSld; j p i r f s pd ; epw;f> mjpgjpfSk; gpw Kg;gj;jp jj;jk;; %d;W i f fs p y ; Njtu;fs;

j q ; f S i l a i f f s py ; $ i l fi s i tj ; j g b e p d ; w p U e ; j d h ; . mtu;fs; ghup[hj G\;gq;fis mjd; kPJ Jhtp tzq;f> kw;w Kg;gj;jp ,uz ;L NjtijfSk; iffspy; tpsf;F Vw;wpf; nfhz;L epd;wpUe;jdh;. ,Ugj;jp af;fh jiytu;fs; NtW ve;j af;fhf;fSk; mq;F te;J nfLjy; nra;ahky; ,Uf;f jpk;ghU me;j ,lj;ijg; ,ir ghbf; kio tpyf;f rhkuf; Cjpagb nfhz;Lk; nky;yg; Njuh Filia ghJfhj;jgb epd;wpUe;jhh;. > ,Uf;f> epd;wpUe;jdu;. Ghd;frpl;lh Njtu;fs; kd;dd; ,Ue;J
(Mara) (Timbaru)

ghbf;

nfhz;bUf;f

( Pa n c a s ik h a)

Foy;

gy ehf

ghly;fisg; Gfohuk; kzk; R+l;bf; fye;j

nfhz;Lk;

thdj;jpy; khuhtpd; xU

nga;jJ.

jpU\;bia jhkpuj;jpyhd

,e;jFl;lh jd;Dila

r p w pa

rf;jpapdhy;

tutopj;J mq;F el;L itj;jhh;. Gdpj kd;dd; nrd;W tpjkhd rpd;d FLitia ,Ue;j mq;fpUe;J jd;Dila Ngioia ngw;Wf; j i y a py ; ; nfhz;L itj;jhh;. toq;fp nfhz;l Gdpj ele;J gy

jj;jfhkdp mij kPz;Lk;

rpd;dj;Jld;

itj;Jf;

rpk;khrdj;jpy; midtUf;Fk;

jhdq;fis

i f fi s

Ftpj;J itj;jpUe;jgb mij tzq;fpdhh;. NjtNyhfj;jpy; te;J Nghd;w ,Ue;J khakhf fhdk; te;jpUe;j ,j;jpahjp> epd;w ntz;rhkuf; ,j;jpahjp kd;ddpd;

F i l > t h r i d j pu t p a q ; f s ; > M f h a j ; j p y ; , U e ; J k p j e ; J nfhz;bUe;j ,dpa midj;ijAk; fz;L tpae;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-275fz;fSf;Fk; kf;fspd; fz;fSf;Fk; mq;F epd ;wpUe;j g p U k ; k h T k ; k w ; w fl T l ; f S k ; > N j t u ; f S k ; n j h p a t p y ; i y . cyfpw;F mikjp ju te;j> %d;W cyifAk; jd;Dld; itj;jpUf;Fk; mh;gzpf;fpd;Nwd; GdpjUf;F vd Kk;Kiw ,e;j $wpa , u h [ ; a j ; i j Na kd;dd; me ;j

Gdpj rpd;dj;ij kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; tzq;fpdhh;. jd;idr; gpl;Ff;fSk; rpd;dg; topNa ];Jhghit Rw;wp ngl;bia Rw;wp Vwpg; NkNy Njtu;fSk; ,Uf;f nfhz;L mjd; itj;Jf; te;j Ngha; kdpju;fSk;> jiy kPJ Kk;Kiw fpof;Fg; Gj ;j Gdpj me;j gFjp ,Ue;j

epd;wtz;zk;

kd;dd; Gdpj

rpd;dk; itf;f

miwf;Fs; Eioe;jhh;. me;j $g;gpa ‘vd; Neuj;jpy; jiyapy; njhd;Dhw;W ];Jhghtpd; ,wf;fp ,Ue;J M a pu k ; ,e;jg; jiyapy; gwe;J cauj;jpy; nfhs;s> te;J gpok;ha; Kbahj vdg;
(96>000)

Ngh;fs; Ngioia jhdhf Ngio> nfhs;s> , Ue ;j Nghd ;w fhl;rp mjpraf;

iffSld;

Kd;dhy;

ep d ;wpUe;jdh;.

Gdpjg; ,Ue;J nrd;w epd;W

, e ; j G d p j , l j ; j py ; i t f ; f N t z ; L k ; ’ v d k f p o ; r p A l d ; cs;Ns NkNy jhdhf Gdpj je;j> Eioe;j vOk;gp Rkhh; mjd; kd;ddpd; Mfhaj;jpy; VO jyh jpwe;J Xspg; %bAk; fhl;bd.

Mfhaj;jpy;

mjDs; Gj;juhf me;j

rpd;dq;fs; tho;ehspy; fdth>

ntspapy; ghh;f;fNt epidth

Gj;jiug;

cUtj;ijf; fhl;rpia

Gupahky;

gd;dpuz;L

Nfhb (12> 00>00>000) kf;fSk ; Njtu ;fSk ; fz ;L fspj ;jdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-276mtUf;F jhk; ,Ue;j ,lq;fspy; n f hz ; l d h ; ,Ue;Nj jk; tzf;fq;fisj; njhptpj;Jf;

rw;W Neuj;jpNyNa kPz;Lk; me;j rpd;dq;fs; midj;Jk; jhkhf Ngio te;j mjd; Ngiof;Fs; %bf; Ngio gpd; jpUk;gr; jiy nrd;W kPJ mku;e;J ,Ue;J mkh;e;J jiy ,irf; kPJ kd;du;. fPo; nfhs;s> ,wq;fp itj;Jf; mtiuj; n f h z ; l J. nfhs;s> kd;ddpd; mijj; Njuh Gdpj kzk; jpwe;J Cu;tykhfg; nfhz;bUe;j miwia kpf;f Gd p j Mfhaj;jpy; jd;Dila Nghdhh;

nfhz;Nl njhlu;e;J eldkhbf; nrd;wdh;. iffis third Ngioiaj;

,e;jpuFl;lhTk;>

fiyQu;fSk ;> kw;wtu;fSk; jd;Dila nfhz;L> nfhz;L V e ; j pf ;

k q ; i fa U k ; mile;j jz;zPuhy; iffspy; rpd;dq;fisf; kd;dd;

fOtpf; G+rpf; ifapy;

jputpaq;fis

nfhz ;lhh ;. mg ;NghJ kd;ddpd; kdk ; e p i dj;jJ ‘ , e ;j r p d ; d q ; f s ; , e ; j m w ; G j k h f n r a ; a g ; g l ; L s ; s , U f ; i f a py ; itf;fg;gLk; gLf;ifapy; epiyapy; mile;j nghOJ> ,Ue;j fhl;rpapy; ,e;j ehl;L Gj;jh; jd;Dila ,Ue;jhNuh > jd;dplk; kuzg; m Nj jQ;rk; nghOJ vg;gb

je;jtz;zk; kf;fspd;

eyidg;

v e ; j t p j k hd

, i l Q ; r y ; f S k ; ,d ; w p g h J f h j ; J t u N t z ; L k ; ’. kdjpy; itj;J khjj;jpd; el;rj;jpu mg;gb tzq;fpdhh;; ,Ue;jd. tsu; fpu` vz;zpf; kPJ me;jg; ,g;gbahf kd;du;. nf h z ; L Gdpjr; mit mq;fpUe;j rpd;dq;fis itj;j
(Asalha)

kpUJthd,Uf;ifapd; epiyapNyNa

mtu;

mry;`h

gpiwapd; epiyapy;>

cj;jury;`h

( U t ta r a sa l h a)

cNgh];jhtpd; (uposatha-day)

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-277g j pide;jhtJ ehsd ;W Gj;jupd; G dpjr ; rp d ;dq;fs ; me ;j ,lj;jpy; ] ; j h g pf ; f g ; g l ; l d . mjd; jiyf;F Nky; ,Uf;FkhW ntz;zpu r h k u f ; F i li a mikj;j kd;dd;

V O e h l ; f S f ; F t po h e l j ; j p d h h ; . mtUk; Nghl;bUe;j kw;w midtUk; midj;J jk;Kila cly;fspy; me;j Gdpj

e i f f i sA k ;

rpd;dj;jpw;F mu;gzpj;jdh;. mijj; jtpw gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk; G j ;j r N f h j u u ; f S f; F k ; n t z ; i z > r f ; f i u > M i l f s ; v d jhdk; nra;jthW ,Uf;f> Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; xypfs; me;j tuNtz;Lk; thj;jpa thuj;jpw;F G+[pj;J j Pg f w ; g j ; j p y ; ,y;yq;fSf;Fj; ,uT KOtJk; xNu Fuypy; Xjpf; n f hz ; L nfhz;L kf;fs; ,q;F Ntz;Lk;’; ,Uf;f> xU ,e;j te;J vd tzq;fp ‘ ,Ue;jd. ke;jpuq;fs; njhlh;e;J Gdpj vd

rpd;dq;fis kd;du; midtUk; nrd;W tpl

mwptpj;jhh;.

cs;s jpUk;gpr;

ek;gpf;ifAld; ,e;j rpd;dq;fis topgl;L tpl;L jj;jk; Njuh ,e;jpuFl;lhTk; Mizapl;lhh;. xU ,l;l thu f h y j ; j pw ; F kd;dd; ,dp jhdKk; Gj;j Gdpj me;j Gdpj gzpia jh;kKk; nra;J jhd; tpoh jdf;F m i w ia n f h s; s

nfhz;lhba tpl;ljhfTk;> rlq;Fld;

g p l; F f ; f s p l k ; rpd;dq;fis rpd;dk;

Mizg;gb %Lk;

];jhgpj;J

cs;s Vw;Wf;

mtu;fs;

Ntz;Lk; vdTk; tpz;zg;gpj;jhh;. mij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l gpl;Ff;fs; cj;juh kw;Wk; Rkd;dh vd;w ,U rhkdhf;fisAk; te;jpUe;j mio j;J jk;Kld; ghiw mtu;fs; fw;fis Kd;dh; nfhz;L tz;zkpF

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-278N f h z ; L m e ; j G d p j m i w a p d ; t h a p i y % L k hW N f h u p d h ; . mtu;fSk; miwia mq;fpUe;j Nghf mJ %bf; NghyNt nfhz;L v up e ; J nra;a ep;d;w me;j Gdpj rpd;d thbg; Gdpjg; jPgq;fs;; ghiwfs; mize;J

kzq;fis

ntspNaw;whky;> nfhz;bUe;j

kyu;fis

tplhky;>

tplhky; ghJfhj;J tUk; vd;w ek;gpf;if epytpaJ. kf;fSila nfhz;bUe;j rpd;dq;fis fzf;fhd rpd;dq;fis eyidNa kd;du;> ,lq;fspy; topgLk; ];jhgpj;jjpy; j k ; K i la jk;Kld; Kbe;j mikf;f xj;Jioj;j kdjpy; ,ize;J kf;fs;> mstpy; Ntz;Lk; Ve;jpf; G d pj Mapuf; G d pj vd

,Jtiu jk;jhy;

jyq;fis

Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhh;. jhk; nra;Ak; ey;y fhupaq;fisg; NghyNt mJ midtUk;; NghyNt tho;f;if kPJ xUtUf;F nfhs;s gpwUk;

nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd tpUk;Gk; Gj;jh;fSila ew;Fzq;fs; vspjpy; Ghpe;J Ghpe;J ek;gpf;if gaf;Fk; ey;y Ntz;Lk; nfhs;s ey;topg; nfhs;s vg;gb v d ; g i j Ak ; [Ptd;fs; vd Kbahjit> Nghjid Kbahjit> v s p j py ; jk;ikg; mtu;fSila K i w fS k ; itf;Fk; ed;ik KbahJ. ,Uf;f nfhz;l

mtufs;; Ghpe;J

tUq;fhyj;jpy;

NghyNt

vg;nghOJk;

e p i d j ; j p U g ; g h h; f s ;

vd;gNj cz;ik. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top ghfkhd Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh rpd;d

Nguhde;jk; Kg;gj;jp

nghq;fpl xd;whk;

tFj;j ‘G d p j r ;

%u;j;jpapd;

];jhgdk;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-27932; : Jrpjh nrhu; f thry;
rpbahtpd; kd;dd; tpOe;jhh;. czu;e;J jp];]hit mtuplk; Nfl;f Ntiyfs; cly; eyKw;W mtiu kuzk; njhlu;e;J jpBnud neUq;fj; jd;Dila jk;gp> rNfhjuupd; me;j nfhz;L gLj;j ,isa ,Ue;jd. g L f ; i f a py ; mij te;j rNfhjuu;

Jtq;fpaJ. ,Ue;j

nfhz;ltu; mioj;jhh;. kd;du; jd;Dila jk;gp> ‘

jpfthgpapy; ,d;Dk;

Kbf;fg;glhky; fz;l

,Uf ;Fk ; ] ;Jhghit tpiuthff; fl ;b Kbg ;ghah ? ’ vd;W epiyikiaf; Rw;wp mtUila tz;z Nghy NkYk;
reeds)

rpbahit G+f;

nts ;isj; njhq;FtJ nrhd;d h h ;. tiuar;
(bamboo-

Jzpfshy; %lr; nrhd;dhh;. mjd; gpd; me;j Jzp kPJ tz;z gy gy xU [hbfspy; rpj;jpu gpd; Nghy muz; re;jpu nfhj;Jf;fs; ti uar; tupirfspy; mjd; glq;fis %q;fpy; fl;b

N t i y g hL f i s A k ; gpshr;Rf;fis mjpYk; gpd; tiuar; Kbj;J tz;z Nky; nrhy;yp

nrhd;dhh;.

tz;z $iwg; tpl ;L vd

rpj;jpuq;fis gFjpapy; itj;jg;

tiuar;

nrhd;dhh;.

R+upau;fis fl;b

k d ; d dp l k ; n r d ; W ] ; J h g p a p y ; ‘e P q ; f s ; K b f ; f h k y ; t p l ; L gFjpia tpl;Nld;’ M W j Y f ; f h f g ; n g ha ; n r h d ; d h h ; . xU gy;yf;fpy; gLj;Jf; nfhz;L rpbahtpd; ntspg;Gwkhf Rw;wp te;j kd;dd; njd;Gw thry; mUNf te;J jd;Dila tzf;fq;fisj; gLj;;jpUe;jthNw mjw;F njhptpj;jg; gpd; gy;yf;fpy; tyJ gf;fj;jpy; njhpe;j ];Jhgpf;Fk;>

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-280,lg;Gwj;jpy; n j h pe ; j Nyh`ghrjhtpw;Fk;
(Lohapasada)

tzf;fq;fisj; njhptpj;jhh;. jd;Dila gy;yf;if Rw;wp e p d ; w p U e ; j k w ; w g pl ; F f ; f i s g ; g h h ; j ; J k d k ; k f po ; e ; j h h ; . kd;dDila njhd;Dhw;W mtu;fs; ,Ue;jdu;.
( p u t t á b h a ya)

cly; MW

epiyiag; Nfhb

gw;wpf; Gj;j

Nfs;tpg;gl;l gpl;Ff;fs; mq;F mwpe ;j K iw t p l ; L f; milag;

(96>00>00>000)

mq ;fpUe;Jk ; ,q ;fpUe;Jkhf Gwg ;gl;L mq ;F t e ;jpUe;jdh;. xNu Fuypy; ke;jpu kl;Lk; jd; tPuu; xyp Xjpatz;zk; Njuh vd vl;L Mdhy; epidj;jhh; nra;J> khngUk; te;jpUe;jtu;fspy; ‘v d ; D l d ; Gl;liga;ah

vd;gtiu

fhztpy;iy ,Ugj;jp ehd; epiyia

kd;dd; Aj;jq;fs;

rw;Wk; kuzk;

nfhLf;fhj

N g h f p d ; N w d ; v d ; h g j p d h y ; v d ; i d f ; fhz t u t p y ; i y N a h ’ gQ ;rhyp ( P a ñja l i) k i y g ; gFjpapy; Xbf ; nfhz;L , Ue ;j fuPd;jh ,Ue;j
( K a r i n d a)

ejpg;

gf;fj;jpy; Fwpj;J clNd kd;dd; ‘v d ; D l d ;

trpj;Jf; kd;dd; jd;Dila mioj;Jf; ,Ue;j jd; gj;J

nfhz;L k e ; j pu nfhz ;L ,lj;jpy; mUfpy; ,izaw ;w ehd;

Njuh>

jd;idf; czu;e;jhh;. IEhW gwe;J Nru;e;J

epidj;jij

Qhdj;jpdhy; rf;jpapdhy; Mfhaj;jpy; kw;wtu;fSld; mioj;j Aj;jk;

gpl;Ff;fis te;J epd;whh;.

mtiuj;

kd;dd; nra;J

$wpdhh;

t Pu u ; f i s i t j ; J f ; n f h z ; L e h d ; g y K i w c q ; f S l d ; ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. kuzj;Jld; Mdhy; ,d;Nwh jd;de;jdpahf ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;’
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

Nghuhbf;

nfhz ;L

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-281Njuh $wpdhh; “ mQ;rhNj ntw;wp vtUk; tpl;l kd;dh> nfhs;s ehk; KbahJ. Ntz;Lk;> nra;Ak; Nghy ,e;j mJ ghtq;fis kuzj;ijAk; G+kpf;F G+kpapy; ,ijjhd; te;J tpyf;fpf; ek;khy; tpl;l nfhs;s KbahjJ

mopaj;jhd; midj;jpw;Fk; $wp ePNa

gpwe;J tpl;L

nghUe;Jk ;. kuzk; ghh;. vz;zpg;

ek;Kila

FUTk;

cs;shh;.

Gj;ju;fisAk;

itf;ftpy;iy.

epue;jpuk; mw;w midj;JNk mjhtJ Jf;fk;> ngha; vd midj;JNk mopa Ntz;baitjhd;. vJTk; epue;jpuky;y. cd;Dila nfhz;bUe;j cd;dhy; cyfpy; kdpjdha; Rje;jpu tif Kd; gf;jp gpwtpapy; ghul;lg;gl fhz eP Gj;j Nghjidfspy; flTl;fis Jhuj;jpy;jhd; eP nra;J mikj;Js;s nropg;Gw ;W Kbf;f ,e;j tsu Ntz;baJ. Kbe;j nrt;td eP

Neubahff; cd; gpwe;J

,Ue;jha;. M d hYk; m tw;iw vy;yhk ; Jwe;J tpl ;L> ,e;j flikia Gj;j te;jpUe;jha;.

Njrj;jpy; nra;J

Nghjidfs; gw;gy

,Uf;fpd;wha;. xU fzk;

ew;fhupaq;fis ghh;. cdf;F

nra;Js;stNu> eP ,d;W tiu nra;Js;s midj;J ey;y fhupaq;fisAk; epidj;Jg; ed;ik mJ jUk;” vd;whh;. m i j f ; N f l ; l k d ; d d ; k d k ; k f po ; e ; J N g h d h h ; . $wpatu;> vOjp jhd; nra;jpUe;j jhNd cuj;j $wpdhh;. midj;Jf; Fuypy; mtUila ‘v d ; i d ;

xNu Aj;jj;jpy; ,d;W ntw;wp nfhz;L tpl;Bu;fs;’ vdf; f h u p a q ; f i s Ak ; midtUk; jd; vOjptu; gbf;Fk;gb Nritfis mtw;iw
(kd;dd;)

gbg;gJ

Nfl;Fk;tz;zk; cjtpahsuplk;

c u j ; j F u y py ; m t w ; i w g b f ; f j ; J t q ; f p d h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-282‘ , e ; j k d ; d d ; n j h d ; D h w ; W x d ; g J ( 9 9 ) t p f h u h f ; f i sf ; fl;b cs;shh;. khupftl;b tpfhuhitf; fl;l gj;njhd;ghJ Nfhb Kg;gJ cs;s
(19>00>00>000)

nrythapw;W. fl;l

Nyh`ghj]hitf; fl;l ];Jhghtpy; ,UgJ Nfhb gzpfSf;F kf;fs; $lj; j iy ehd; ,uz ;L my;yhky; ,ja Nghy Ngha; gpl;ir vd;w czT t o p Na kl;Lk; kw;w

Nfhb Gdpj

(30>00>00>000)

nrythapw;W.

miwiaf; nrythf> xl;ba tpul;bf; nghOJ tpiy clNd
gruel)

(20>00>00>000)

];Jhghtpd; gFjpapy; gad;gLk; nfhz;L mq;F faw;wpf; nfhz;L

Mapuk; Nfhb ( 100 0>00>0 0>000) nrythapw ;W. Nfhl ;lh ( Kotta) kiyg; jpd;W g F j pi a grpia cztpd;wp ,Uf;ff; jhaf;fl;il mf;ff;fhapfh tphpj;jhba vd;Dila fhjzpfisf; fQ;rpia G+u;tkhf Xbf; Ntis mspj;jg; gof;fj;ij ,Uf;Fkh gwe;J te;j tpisahl nfhl;ilfisf; vd;w nrd;w cau;e;j nfhLj;jJk; tur; gQ;rk; kd;ddhfpa

fhuzkhd

( Akkhakháyika)

mq;fpUe;j Ie;J Njuhf;fSf;F kpf
(millet-

Ritahd jhdpaf; nrhy;yp mJ Njhw;Wg; czT

mij

mtu;fSf;F ,Uf;ifapYk;

mspjNjd;. topapy;

Fyd;fhdpah nfhz;L te;j

(Cúlanganiya)

Aj;jj;jpy;

mUe;Jk;

nghOJ k hw ; w p f ;

Kjypy; czT

g p l ;F f ;f S f ;F mUe;JNtd; jdf;F thdj;jpd;

gpd;dh;jhd; vd;W $l

nfhs;shkYk;> ghh;f;fhkYk;>

gpl;Ff;fSf;F

vd;Dila

ghj;jpuj;jpy;

, U e ; j c z T K Ot i j A k ; m s p j ; N j d ; . ];Jhgp fl;lg;glj; fl;lg;gl;lJ. ];jhgdKk;> Jtq;fpa mg;nghOJ Gdpjr; nghOJ rpd;dk; khupftl;b ];jhgdKk; tpfhuhTk; kw;Wk;

mq;fpUe;j

gpl;Fzpfs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-283kw;Wk; gpl;Ff;fSf;F Ngjkpd;wp ngUk; mstpy;

j h d q ; f s ; n f h L j ; N j d ; . m J N g h y , U g j ; j p e h d ; F t p r hf tpohf ;fisf; ( Vesákha-festivals) nfhz;lhb xt; xU Gj ;j rNfhjuUf;Fk; %d;W Milfs; nfhLj;Njd;. I e ; J K i w V O e h l ;f S f ; F N g h j i d f i s V w ; N w d ; . m e ; j ehl;fspy; tpsf;Ffs; my;yhJ gd;dpiz;L Vw;wp gjpndl;L ,lq;fspy; ,lq;fspy; ehd;F Mapuk; mizah mJ jpup Gj;jiu ,ytrkhf ehw;gj;jp njhlu;e;J tzq;fpNdd;;. kUe;Jfs; nfhLf;fr; Ntf ehd;F kl;Lk; $wpagb NjDld; mJ ehd;F [yh rhjKk; xU
(cgNjr

kUj;Jtu;fs; ,lq;fspy;; ehw;gj;jp itj;j rhjhuz g z ; b i fi a nrhd;Ndd;.

NehahspfSf;F midtUf;Fk; fye;j Nghy czit muprpAk;>

nfhLj;Njd;.

nrhd;Ndd;.

vz;iziaAk; ehw;gj;jp ,lq;fspy; cNghrjh

,lq;fspYk;> Nf;Ff;fis nfhLf;f
itgtk;)

n t z ;i z a p y ;
( ja l a-ca k e s)

,lq ;fspYk;>

NkYk; ehw;gj;jp ehd;F ehisf;fhd vz;izia =yq;fhtpy;

Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;Njd;.

Xt;xU khjKk;

nfhz;lhba rpwe;j j fty ; gupR mkUk; KbT vd

midj;J Mdhy; kf;fs;

tpfhuhf;fSf;Fk; jhdj;ij tpl epidj;jpUe;jjhf Nyh`ghrjhtpy; mkh;e;J Mdhy;
( M a n g a l a s u t t a)

nfhLf;fr; NghjidfNs vdf;Fj; Nghjid rNfhju

f p i l j ; j j p dh y ; > Mrdj;jpy; kq;fyRl;lh nra;Njd;. kPJ ehd; v d ;d h y ;

n r a ; N th h ; ju

nfhz;L vd;w ngU mjpy;

Gj;ju;fSf;F mtu;fs;

Nghjidia mkh;e;jJk; kjpg;gpd;

nrd;W

itj;jpUe;j

fhuzj;jpdhy;

Nghjidfisj; ju Kbatpy;iy. mJ Kjy; =yq;fhtpd;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-284gy ,lq;fspYk; me;j Nghjidia cgNjrpg;Nghh;f;F m g;gb msT kw;Wk; ehd; xU ehyp rd;khdq;fs; Nghjidfis
(Nali- Fwpg;gpl;l

jug; nra;j
xU

Nghtjhf
msT )

mwptpj;Njd;. nty;yk; nfhLj;Njd;. gw;wp

xt;xUtUf;Fk; ntz;iz> MilfSk;

rf;fiu

Nghd;wtw;iwAk;

Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j nghOJ nfhLj;j jhdq;fis tpl ehd; Jujp\;lj;jpYk; ,y;yhkYk; jhdq;fs;jhd;
(f\;lj;jpy;)

vd;idg; kd

ftiy ,uz ;L ,Uja

,Ue;j vdf;F

nghOJ kpFe;j

mspj;j k f p o ; r p i aA k ;

M W j i y A k ; j e ; j d .” kd;dd; ,Ue;j mtw;iwf; Njuh $w m i d j ; i j Ak ; vd;gtu; kfpo;rp Nfl;Lf; nfhz;L

mga;ah “ Kjy;

kd;dDf;F rk;gtk;> Ie;J

kfpo;rpia RkdFl;lh Njuhf;fspy;

je;j ,uz;L jhdq;fs; vd;d vd;gijg; gw;wp kw;wtu;f;F tpsf;fpdhh;. vd;w xUtuhd mtu; je;j kiyg; Njuh gFjpapy; fQ;rpia jd;Dld; ,Ue;j gQ;r

khyak`hNjthtpw;F ,Ue;j

(Malayamahadeva)

jhdpaj;jpyhd mij

Neuj;jpy;

je;j

nghOJ
(900)

njhs;shapuk;

gpl;Ff;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;jg; gpddu;jhd;; jhd; cz;lhh;. fy;ahdpfh jk;Kila jk;kFl;lh fQ;rpia cz;lhh;. jk;kbd;dh
(Piyangudipa)

tpfhuhtpy; r f ; j p a pdh y ;
(Dhammagutta)

(Kalyanika-vihara)

, U e ; j t U k ;> nra;jtUkhd jhDk; , Ue ;j

G+kpia

mjpur;

vd;w Njuh j df ;Ff ; fpilj;j je;Jtpl;L
(Talanga)

IEhW mJ

Ngh;fSf;Fj; jhyq;fhtpy; vd;w

Nghy

(Dhammadinna)

Njuh>

gpahq;Fbgh

vd;w

,lj;jpy;

,Ue;j

gd;dpuz;lhapuk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-285gpl;Ff;fSf;F je;j gpd; jhDk; cz;lhh;. kq;fhdhtpy;
(Mangana) ,Ue;j Njuh Fl;ljp];]h (Khuddatissa) vd;gtu;

mij Nfyrh tpfhupy; (Kelasa vihara) ,Ue;j mWgjhapuk;
( 6 0 > 0 0 0 ) g p l ; F f ; f Sf ; F f ;

nfhLj;jg; gpd; jhDk; cz;lhh;.
(Ukkanagara-vihara )

cf;fehfuh k`hita;a`h ,Ue;j

tpfhupy;

,Ue;j gpd;

Njuh jhDk; vd;w
(12>000)

( Ma h a v ya gg h a)

vd;gtu;

mij

jd;Dld;

vOEhW

g pl ; F f ; f S f ; F f ;

nfhLj;jg;

cz;lhh;. fQ;rpia

,uz;lhtjhf> jd;Dld; je;j

gpahq;Fbgh

(Piyangudipa)

,lj ;jpy; ,Ue;j Njuh jd;Dila ghj ;jpuj;jpy; fpilj;j ,Ue;j gpd; gd;dpuz;lhapuk; c z ; l h h ; ”. gpl;Ff;fSf;F Kbj;jhh;. mtu; $wpa nra;jpia gy vd vz;zpagb Nfl;l kd;dd; ey;y j hd ; jhDk; ,g;gbahf

kd;dd; mile;j kfpo;rp vd;gJ Fwpj;J gw;wp Njuh $wp

cz;ikahfNt nra;Js;Nsd;

tpjq;fspYk;

fhupaq;fs; Mo;e ;jhh;.

kfpo;rpapy;

N k Y k ; m e ; j k d ; d d ; j h d ; n r a ; j p U e ; j N r i t f i sg ; g w ; w p n j h l h ; e ; J $ w y h d h h ; “, U g j ; j p e h d ; F M z ; L f s h f e h d ; G j ; j r N f h j u u ; f Si l a M j u t h s d h f , U e ; J s ; N s d ; . vd ; clYk; $l mtu;fSf;F gad; mspf;Fk; t p j j ; j p N y Na ,Uf;Fk;”. mLj;J j d ; D i la ,d;dKk; eP nra;J ,isa nra;J Kbj;jpl G+f;fs; rNfhjuuplk; Kbf;fg;glhky; Ntz;Lk;. Nghl;L vd; $wpdhh; cs;s mUik ehs;

“];jhghtpy; N t i y fi s khiyAk;

jp];]h> mij eP fz;bg;ghf nra;a Ntz;Lk;. fhiyAk; ];Jhghtpw;F tzq;F.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-286xd;Wf;F %d;W Ntisfs; ietj ;jpak; gilf;f Ntz ;Lk;. ehd; nra;J Gj;j te;NjNdh nra;J tplhNj” rkaj;jpw;fhf mit nfhz;L vd;ndd;d ,Uf;f $wpa rlq;Ffs; eP Gj;j kd;dd; midj;ijAk; Ntz;Lk;. ve;j gpd;

njhlu;e;J epWj;jp

rNfhjuu;fSf;F

n r a ;Ak ;

Nritfis

e p i y a pY k ;

,g;gbahff;

mikjpahfp tpl;lhh;. clNd Jtq;f Vw;wpf; ‘kd;dh> rNfhju Njtu;fs; nfhz;L gpl;Ff;fs; MW te;J xNu Fuypy; ke;jpuk; Xjj;

, u j q ; ; f s py ; k d ; d dp d ; ,e;j Njhpy;

MW mUfpy; Vwp f;

flTl;fis epd;wdh;. nfhz;L

vq;fSld;

NjtNyhfj;jpw;F kd;dd; ,tu;fs; epWj;jptpl nrhy;yp

t h ’ v d m t i u mi o j ; j d h ; . irif %yk; ‘ jaT nra;J ehd; tiu Nfl ;l ‘ngUk; jd;Kd;

mtu;fSf;F XJk; mij

jk;khit Vd; vd mJ epWj;jp

Nfl;L

Kbf;Fk; vdf;

f h j ; j p U q ; f s ; ’ v d ; w h h ; . g p l ; F f ; f s ; j hk ; X j p f ; n f h z ; l i j tpl;Bu;fs; k d ; d dp l k ; ‘ e P q ; f s ; v N j h i r i f n r a ; j j pd h y ; e p W j ; j r ; tpl;Bu;fs; epij;Njhk;’ mjw;fy;y’ vd;wdh;. vd;wtu;

kjpg;gpw;Fwpatu;fNs

N j t u ; f s ; t e ; j p U e ; j t p t u j ; i j $w p d h h ; . mijf; Ngha; ehq;fs; Nfl;ltu;fs; vijNah vg;gb kd;dd; kuzj;ijf; vd vdf; fz;L kpuz;L mga;ah jd;

$Wfpd;whh; ek;GtJ ?’

epidf;f Nfl;f>

‘ c q ; f i s m i o j ; J g ; N g h f , u j k ; t e ; J t p l ; l J v d ; g ij kd;dd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-287iffspy; t Pr p d h h ; . nfhz;L me;juj;jpy; epd;wdh;. kd;dd; nrhu;fj;jpy; rpwe;jJ. mtjupf;fg; rpy mit k h i y fi s vLj;J mij Mfhaj;jpy; epd;wpUe;j kl;Lk; gpukpj;J tpl ;lJ. $wpdhh; , l Nk ,Uf;Fk; g h h ; j ; j t hW ] ; J h g pi a fz;fSf;Fj; njhpahky;

,ujq;fspd; Nky; gFjpapy; nrd;W khiy Nghy khl;bf; njhq;fpd. Mfhaj;jpy; re;NjfKk; Nfl;lhh;> cau;thdJ ” Jrpjh
(Tusita )

khiyfs; jPu;e;J Njuh vd;w gpwf;f vjpu; kd;dd;

njhq;Ftijf; mtu;fSila Njuhtplk; ve;j ,lk; cs;s

fz;ltu;fs;

‘ k j p g ; g p w ; F w p a t Nu

‘me;j ,lj;jpy; me;j

,lj;jpy;jhd;

,dp

N k b a ; a h ( M e t t e y y a ) v d ; w t U q ; f h y G j ; j h ; j h d ; G + k p a py ; NghFk; fhyj;ij Nfl;l f h j ; j p U f ; f p d ; w h h ; ’. mijf;

g h h ; j ; j t h N w j d ; D i l a fz ; f i s % bf ; n f h z ; l h h ; . mtu; kuzk; mile;jJk; Njt cUtpy; , U e ; j t hW

J r p j h n r h h ; f j ; j p y ; j h d ; N g h a ; N r u ; e ; J t p l ; l N r j p i a f; kw;wtu;fs; Nfl;FkhW thdj;jpy; ,Ue;J $wpa gpd; jhd; Vwpr; nrd;w ,ujj;jpNyNa f PNo te ;J ] ;Jhgpia %d;W Kiw Rw;wp te;J tzq;fpa gpd; Jrpjhtpy; ,Ue;j nrhh;fj;ij mile;jhh;. mtu; vLj;jg; ,Wjpf; kuzk; gpd; m i l e ;j J k ; mtUila mtUila eldkhbf; jiyapy; cly; nfhz;L ,Ue;j ,Ue;j

kq;ifapdh;

fpu Plj;ij itf;fg ;gl;L mOJ

rpijapy;

fld;fs;

nra;ag;gl;ld. mtiu vupj;j

midtUk; ,lj;jpy;

G y k ; g p d h ; . m q ; F u t p t h l ; l r h y h ( R a v i v a t t i s a l a) v d ; w , l k ; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. ,uh[khyfh

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-288vd;w ,lk; mikf;fg;gl;lJ.
(Rájamálaka)

mtiu ngau;

vupj;j

, l j ; j py ;

,uh[khyfh cs;sJ. Neu;ikahf

vd;d

nghwpf;fg ;gl;L

Ml;rp

nra;J

te;j

kd;dd;

j j ; j f h k pdp jha;

Nkl;ba;ahtpd;

Kjy;

rp\;adhfp>

Nkl;ba;ahtpd;

j e ; i j i a j d ; D i la j h a ; - j e ; i j a hf V w ; W f ; n f h z ; l h h ; . j j ; j f h k p d p a p d ; ,i s a r N f h j u u ; N k b a ; a h t p d ; , u z ; l h k ;

jj;jfhkpdp $wg;gLk;

fl;bajhff;

XU Xtpau; ghh;itapy; tpfhuh

N y h `g ; g p u r h j a h vd;w tpfhuhtpd; Njhw;wk;. Rkhh; 1600 fw;Jhz;fisf; nf h z ; L MW tUl fhyj;jpy; fl;b Kbf;fg;gl;ljhf $wg;gLk; me;j fl;blk; NjtNyhfj;jpidg; NghyNt ,Uf;FkhW fl;lg;gl;lJ. gpd; ehspy; me;j fl;blk; jPg;gw;wp mope;J tpl> gpd;du; te;j r j h r p tj p ] ; ] h T k ; ,d;ndhU kd;dUk; mij kPz;Lk; ey;y epiyf;Ff; nfhz;L te;jhYk;> k d ; d d ; k N `r d ; v d ; g t u ; Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSld; Vw;gl;l fUj;J Ntw;Wikapdhy; mij ,bj;J tpl;lhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-289rp\;adhf rhypuh[Fkhuh kfdhdhh;. ve;j kd xUtUk; midtUf;Fk; ed;ik jUk; n r a y ; f is mtu; jk;ik mtu; k h w pdh h ; . MfNt k d ; d dp d ; vd;gtu; k f d hd
( Sá l i r á j a k um á ra)

Nkba;ahtpd;

k f po ; T l d ; nra;J

nra;jgb mtu; ghgr; tpl;l

,Ue;jhy; vNjw;irahf nra y;fs; $l

Nghw;wj;jf;ftuhfpd;whh;. mwpahky;

n r h h ; f j ; i j m i l ti j j L f ; f K b a h k y ; N g h F k ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

Kg ;gj ;jp ,uz ;lhk;; ghfkhd ‘Jhrpj nrhh;f

thry;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-29033: gj; J kd; d h; f s;
jj;jfhkpdpapd; gpugykhdtu;. fhupaq;fis ,Ue;jhh;. ngz;iz mN\hf fhjypj;J fz;L mur jhNk nghOJ Filia Kbj;J gupghydj;jpy; mtu; nra;tjpy; mtu; midtUk; ed;ik
(candála)

Rfkhf jUk; Fyj;Jg; gpwtpapy; ngz;izf; mtisg; mtu;

tho;e;jpUe;jdh;. mtUila kfd; rhypuh[Fkhuh vd;gtu; midtUf;Fk; mjpf xU rz;lhy
)

tpUg;gk;

cilatuhf

Mdhy; khyh

fhjypj;jhh;. Njtp kze;jpUe;jhh;.

mtUila mjdhNyh

Ke;ija vd;w vd;dNth

(Asokamáládevi

NghyNt ,tSk; ,Ue;jjpdhy; mtu; mur nfsutj;ijf; gag;glhky; gjtpf;F m u r d hf p rjhrpt mtis tUtij jp;];]h gjpndl;L Nerpj;jhh;. tpUk;ghj
(Saddha

mjdhy;
Tissa)

j j ; j f h k d p a p d; vd;gtu; Neu;ikahd ntz;rhkuf; , Ue ;j fl;b Mdhy; m o pe ; J khbf;

rNfhjuuhd

tUlfhyk;

Kiwapy; Ml;rp nra;J te;jhh;. ];Jhghtpy; rup nra;J
(elephant-wall)

mtu; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j Kbf;fg;glhky;

itf;fg;gl;bUe;j > vd;w ngaiug; fl;blk;

ahidf;$lk; Jujp\;ltrkhf tpl;ljpdhy;> njhd;DhW fyk;gfh
( Pettangava l i ka)

,lj;ijAk; ngw;whh;. jPg;gw;wp VO

kf;fsplk; mij

ey;y

Nyh`ghrhjh kPz;Lk;

GJg;gpj;J mtu;

fl;blkhff; fl;bdhh;.

Mf mjd; kfpik Ehwpy; ,Ue;J Fiwe;jJ. tpfhuh> > j l ; r p d f p up

rjtpfpjkhff;
(Kalambaka)

tpfhuh ( Da kk h i n a g i ri) > fy ;y f h N y d ( K a l l a k á l e n a) tpfhuh> ngl;lfthypf
( V e l a n g a v i t t h i k a) >

tpfhuh> kw;Wk;

Ntyhq;ftpl;bfh Juhbrhf;fthgp

Jg;gytgPbrf;fh
( M a t u v i h a r a k a)

( D u b b a l a v a p i t i s s a k a)

kj;Jtpfhuh
( D u r a t i s s a k a va p i)

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-291Nghd;w tpfhuhf;fisAk; ,Ue;J xt;xU mtu; fl;bdhh;. jpfthgp mJ kl;Lk; mJ ,d;wp kl;Lk; mDuhjGuj;jpy; Jhuj;jpYk; my;yhJ tiu xt;xU Nah[id

tpfhuhitf;

fl;bdhh;.

jpfthgp rpj;jpu nra;J tpl;L

tpfhuhit

( D ig h a va p i- v i h a ra)

mikj;J etuj ;jpdf; fw;fs ;> kzpfs; v d gytw;iwAk;> jq;fj;jpdhyhd rf;fuj;jpd; fl;b
(84>000)

tbtq;fisAk; myq;fupj;J> fl;blj;jpd; ntspg;gLj;Jk; jhdq;fs; gy trpj;jpUe;j nrd;W me;j

tz;br; Njhuzq;fs; midj;J tpjj;jpy; nra;jhh;. mtuJ
( Tusita)

mstpy;

njhq;f

,lq;fisAk; moF nra;jpUe;jhh;. vz;gj;jp ehd;fhapuk; Nghjidfspd; ehd;fhapuk; rpwg;ig Kiw gpd; vz;gj;jp ,g;gbahf nra;jtu; mLj;jg;
(84>000)

ghuhl;lg;gLk;gbahd kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwtpapy; Jrpahtpy;

fhupaq;fis

NkYyfk;

flTl;fspy; xUtuhfg; gpwe;jhh;. kd;dd; nghOJ
( L a n j a t i s s a)

rjhrpth

jpfthgpapy; %j;j jhd;

trpj;Jf; kfdhd Ml;rp

nfhz;L nra;j

, Ue ;j

mtUila vd;gtu; mLj;j je;ij re;jpj;j

yd;;rjp];]h , l j ; j py ; fl;b dhh;.
( T h u l a t h a n a)

fpupFk;gpyh kd;dDila vd;gtu;; mtu;fSila

( Girikumbhila) (Kandara)

vd;w vd;w nghOJ

tpfhuhit Jyjhdh tpfhuhitf; mDuhjGuk; ,d;ndhU Njitahd

kfdhd rjhrpth

fz;lhuh

fl;bdhh;. nrd;W k fdh d e p y j ; ij tu

jj;jfhkpdpia nfhs;s me;j

Jyjhdfh (Thulathanaka) vd;gtu; Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; jq;fpf; tpfhuhf;fis kd;ddplk; mikf;fj; ,Ue;J ng w ; W f ; nfhz;L

jd;Dila je;ijAld; nrd;whh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-292k d ;dd ; rjhrpt h ,we;jg; gpd; ke;jpup rig $baJ. me ;j MNyhridf; te;jpUe;jdh;. k d ; d dp d ; kl;LNk mtUila Vw;Wf; mku;j;jpdh;. $l;lj;jpw;F mtu;fs; mtuhy;; k w ; n w hU ngUksT Gj;j rNfhjuu;fSk; nra;jg; gpd; M l ; r p a py ; ehl;fSk; Vd; te;J vdpy; mij ed;F xU ,Uf;f M N yh r i d khjKk; Kbe;jJ.

kfdhd Ml;rpapy;

Jye;jdhit

( T h u l a n t h a n a)

gj;J

rNfhjudhd

yd;rjp];]h

nfhs;shky;

mDuhjGuj;jpw;F

jd;Dila

rNfhjuuplk; ,Ue;J Ml;rpia jhd; ifgw;wpf; nfhz;lhh;. %d;W juhky; tUlq;fs; jd;id Ml;rpapy; gpd;> ,Ue;j yd;rjp];] h kjpg;Gj; me;j Gj ;j gpd;du; nra;J tzq ;f nryT xNu kdjpy; fhyj;jpy; Mdhy; nryT Jhtp
(1>00>000)

rjhrpthtpd; tUj;jj;ij rNfhjuu;fis mij kwe;J ];Jhgpia fl;bdhh;. G+kpiaj; rkdhf rpwpa fl;bdhh;.

kuzj;jpw;Fg; itj;jpUe;J cjhrPdg;g tpl;L

taJf;F

c j h r P d g ; g L j ; j p a j hy ; jdJ %d;W gjtp yl;rk; G+f;fs; yl;rk; gLj;jpdhh;.

Gj;j mijj; Njhz;b

gpl;Ff;fs; jtpw xU

cjTkhW ,Uf;f me;j rpbahtpy; %d;W mLf;F fl;bl k; nra;J Jhguhkh kw;Wk; ];Jhgp ,Ue;j ,ilg; gFjpapd; mtw;wpd; nra;jhh;. jpfJhgh ,ilNa ,Ue;j ghij ,Uf;FkhW ];Jhgpia NkYk; JhgUkhtpd;
(Dighathupa)

fpof;Fg;Gwk; vd;w ngaupy; vd;w

yd;rfhrdh

(Lanjakasana)

fl;blj;ij Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; jq;fpf; nfhs;sTk; fl;bdhh;. f z ; l f J h g h t p w ; F N k y ; M i l m z p t J N g h y , U f ; F k hW fy;ypy; nra;ag;gl;l mq;fpia nra;J Nghl;bUe;jhh;. xU yl;rk; nryT nra;J fl;ba tpfhuhtpy;; fpupFk;gpyh
( G i r i k u m b h i l a ) v d ; w n g a u p y ; n f h z ; l h l g ; g l ; l g z ; b i f a py ;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-293Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; xt;xUtUf;Fk; MW cilfisj; jur; nrhy;yp ,Ue;jhh;. NkYk; mupj;j tpfhuh Nghd;w ,Ue;j nra;jhh;. khjKk;
(Arittha-viha),

FQ;rup`pehfh fl;ba gpd; muprp Ml;rp kUe;Jt

( Kunja r a h i n ak a)

tpfhuhf;fisf; kf;fSf;F gpf;Fzpf;fs; gjpide;J

fpuhkq;fspy; cjtpfs; mtu;

,ytrkhf vj;jid ehl;fSk;

Ntz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;lhYk; mijj; jUkhW Mizapl;lhh;. xd;gJ nra;jhh;. yd;rfjp];]h rNfhjuu; nghWg;ig ,uz;L N`kkhyp eil vOg;gpdhh;. nra;jhh;. fy;yl;ld`htpd; fk;k`hulf;fh fy;yl;ld`htplk; nfhz;lhh;. tl;lfhkdp nfhiy
(Khallátanága)

kuzk;

mile;jJk;
(

mtUila vd;gtu; Rw;wp

,isa Ml;rpg; Kg;gj;jp Rw;wp e p w g ; g pa Rtu; vd;w

fy;yl;ld`h Vw;whh;. ghrjhf;fisf;
(Hemamálí)

Khallatanaga)

Nyh`ghj]hitr; fl;bdhh;. vdg;gl;l mjw;F

];Jhgpiar; kzy;fs; jLg;Gr;

ghijiaf;

fl;b

mg;ghy;

FUd;Nlhthrfh

( Kurundavásoka)

tpfhuhitAk; fl;ba gpd; NkYk; gy ey;y fhupaq;fisr;

gilj;

jiytuhd vd;gtu; ifg;gw;wpf; rNfhjuu; t P u i uf ; g p b j ; j hh ; .
( Ma h á c u lika)

(Kammaharattaka )

,Ue;J Mdhy;

Ml;rpiaf; fy;yl;ld`htpd; me;jg;

( V a t t agam a n i)

vd;gtu;

gil

nra;J

tpl;L kfdhd

Ml;rpiag; k`hFypfh

fy;yl;ld`htpd;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-294v d ; g t i u j d ; D i la k f d h f V w ; W f ; n f h z ; l t l ; l f h k d p fy;yl;ld`htpd; nfhz;lhh;. Nghy Mf Mapw;W. , g ; g b a h f g j t p a p y ; t e ; J m k h ; e ; j t U i l a I e ; j h t J k hj Ml;rpapy; Nuh`d;dh (Rohana) vd;w ,lj;jpy; mtUila tk ;rj;ij Nru ;e ;jtu;fSila nrhe;j Cupy; , Ue ;J te ;j jp];]h (Tissa) vd;w xU g puhkzUila Ngr ;irf; Nfl ;L jtwhd e l t b f ; i f f s p y; ,oe;jhh;. gilAld; $wpa tpLkhW te;J ,wq;f tpisT VO Nru;e;J me;j jd;Dila jkpyhf;fs; , u h [ ;a j ; i j kd;dd; mtUk; Mdhy; ,uh[;aj;ij $w Mjuthsu;fis k`hjpj;jhtpw;F jk;kp;k; jdf;F vLj;Jf; mij je;J mwpTiw nfhz;L ek;gp kidtpia mtu; ngau; gl ; l j ; J gpl;buh[h uhzpahf;fpf; je;ijg; vd
( Pitiraja)

mjdhy; mtUila

k`hFypfhtpw;F

Nfhupdh;.

Gj;jprhypahd tpul;LkhW

gpuhkzuplk; Aj;jk;

jkpyhf;fis

j k py h f ; f S l d ;

nra;jhh;.

jkpyhf;fs; mtiu Njhy;tpAwr; nra;jdh;. mLj;J kd;dDld; Nfhyk;gyhfh
(Kolambalaka)

vd ;w

,lj ;jpy; Aj ;jk; nra ;j jkpyhf;fs ; mtiuAk ; n td ;wdh;. Aj;j G+kpia tpl;L jdJ ujj;jpy; Vwpf; nfhz;L jg;gp Xbdhh; kd;dd;. mijf; fz;l Gj;j g pl;F my;yhj xU J w t p a h d f p u p ( G i r i ) v d g t u ; ‘m N j h r p q ; f k ; X L f p d ; w J ’ vdf; fj;jpdhh;. mijf; Nfl;l kd;dd; jd;Dila Mir epiwNtwpdhy; kdjpy; X L i f a py ; k`hFyh me;j ,lj;jpy; vLj;Jf; kw;Wk; jd; Gj;j jhd; tpfhuh vLj;J vd;w f l ; L t j hf jg;gp tsu ;j ;j midtUk; gpukhzk; kw;Wk; nfhz;lhh;. kfd; mt u ;

mDyhNjtp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-295fhg;ghw;wg;gl jd;Dld; ,Ue;jjpdhy; kd;dd;
(Som adevi)

Ntz;Lk; mioj;Jr; ,ujj;jpd;

vd

KbT Ntfk;

nra;J ghuk;

m t u ; f i s Ak ; m j p f k hf mjdhy; NrhkNjtp mtSk;

nrd;whh;.

Fiwe;jJ. kidtpahd $w

j d ; D i la ,Ue;J

,uz;lhk; ,wq;fpf;

v d ; g t S f ; F g y e i f fi sf ; n f h L j ; J m t i s nfhs;SkhW

,ujj;jpy;

mtw;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L jg;gp Xbdhs;. Aj;jj;jpw;Fg; jd;Dld; Aj;jj;jpy; Gwg;gLk; jd;Dila Njhw;Wg; Kd; ,uz;L Ngha; fhyj;jpy; tpl;lhh;. gae;J Nghd kd;dd; kw;Wk; Neuj;jpy; tug;gl;l Ntrfpup

kidtpfs; Xba vLj;J jg;gp Xbatu;

k f i d A k ; , u j j ; j py ; V w ; w p f ; n f h z ; L N g h a p U e ; j h h ; ; . m t u ; Njtdhk;gpajp];]h nfhs;s
( Vessagiri) (Kupikkala)

Gj;jUila Gdpj rpd;dkhd gpl;ir ghj;jpuj;ij vLj;Jf; kwe;J Ngha; v d ; w fh l ; b y ; x s p e ; J n fhz ; l h h ; . F g ; g p f ; f h y h tpfhuhit Nru;e;j fz;lhh;. gpl;Ff;fspd; rhg;gplhky; $lhJ Njuh k`hjp];]h mtiu fz;L gpl;F kdk; gpl;ir , w q ; f pa vLj;j cztpy; mtiuf; Gj;j

me;j Njuh

fhl;by; Gj;j jhd;

epajpapd;gb jhd;

czit nfhLf;ff;

my;yhjtUf;Ff;

vd;gjpdhy;

rhg;gpl;l

k Pj p i a m t u ; c z ; z m s p j ; j h h ; . m t U i l a f U i z k p f ; f nraiy kd;dd; xU Nflfh ku ,iyapy; vOjp vOjp itj;jg; itj;jhh;. gpd; gy ,lq;fis jq;f me;j rhjhuzkhf my;yJ mg;gbg;gl;l
(k e t ak a -leaf)

tpfhuhTf;F n r a ; j p fi s vOjp

kd;du;fs; nts;sp itg;gJ tof;fk;. rpyNrhgfz;lfh

jl;Lf;fspy;jhd; vd;w

mq;fpUe;J NjuhTld; nrd;w kd;dd;
(Silasobbhakandaka)

,lj;ij

mile;J mq;F trpf;fyhdhh;. m q;fpUe;J kPz;Lk; fpsk;gp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-296rhkfy;yh mtiu rp\;auhd
( Samagalla)

vd;w

,lj;jpd; efUf;Fr;

mUfpy; nrd;whh;.

, Ue ;j Njuh mtiu

Kj;JNtyhq;f

( M a t u v e l a n g a)

ghJfhg;ghf jdrpth

itj;jpUf;FkhW $wp
(Tanasiva)

j d ; D i la

vd;gtUld;

m D g ; g p d h h ; ; . k y h a h t p y ; ( M a l a y a ) , U e ; j m t U l d ; k d ; d d; gjpdhd;F tUlq;fs; tho;e;jpUe;jhh;. VO jkpyhf;fspy; mtis xUtu; NrhkNjtpapd; nfhz;L nrd;W jd;Dld; tpl;lhh;. kPJ fhjy;

nfhz;L nfhz;L

kze;J

mioj;Jf; ,d;ndhU

,e;jpahtpw;Fr;

j k p y h N t h g j ; J r p j ; j p f ; f is A k ; n f hz ; b U e ; j G j ; j U i la gpl;ir ghj;jpuj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;L ,d;ndhU ehl;bw;F f p s k ; g p r ; n r d ; W t pl ; l h h ; . Mdhy;
( Bahiya)

jkpyh vd;w gpd;

Gy`j;jh j k p y hi t %d;W Ml;rp

(Pulahattha)

vd;gtu; Ml;rp mtUila tpl;L nra;jhh;. nfhd;W Ml;rp

iga;ah nra;jhh;. g i lj ; j j pf h gilf;F j j p fh tpl ;L g j p d hY

jk; tUlq;fs; nra;jhh;.

gilj;

j i y t d hf

epakpj;jg; ,uz;L

i g a ; a h N t h k d ; d d; G y ` j ; j h i t f ; n f h i y n r a ; J t p l ; L Mz;Lfs; jiytuhf
( Da t h i ka)

gidahkuh vd;w gpd; gilj; VO j k py h T k ; ,uz;L me;j

vd;gtu;

( Panayamara)

,Ue;jhh;.

gidahkuhTk; epakpj;jg; vd;w

iga;ahitf; k hjq;fs;

nfhd;W Ml;rp

j i y ti u

jd;Dila

me;j

gpyakhuhit Mz;Lfs;

mDuhjGuj;jpy; ,g;gbahf

nra;jhh;.

Ie;J

jkpyhf;fSk;

tUlq;fSk; VO khjKk; Ml;rp nra;jdh;. ,jw;F ,ilapy; kyhahtpy; xU ehs; kd;ddpd; kidtp
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-297xU Ngioia itj;jpUe;jgb kidtp mOJ Nfl;l Ve;jp Xbr; nrd;W nfhz;L , Ue ;j nghOJ tpl > tl;lfhkpdpapd; kd;ddpd; mOjhs;. i f a py ; $w mDyhNjtp nfhz;Nl j drpth mtiu nrd;w mts; kPJ kd;ddplk; Nfhgkile;J jhf;f kidtp te ;j me;j

Nkhjp mtSila Ngioia jd;Dila fhyhy ; cijj;J kidtp mijf; tpy; nrd;W nghOJ> nra;jpiaf; te;j nehbg; jg;gpdhh;. mq;fpUe;J mr;rfy;y elj;JkhW k d ; d dp d ; vd;gtu; gpd; nrd;w kd;dd; nrd;W Fg;gpf;fyhtpd; Nuh`d;dhtpy; Gj;j mNj fgprprh ngUf;fr; tpLj;jhh;. xUtuhd Kw;wj;ij Njuhthd ,Ue;j itgtk; Neuj;jpy;
(Kapisisa)

jd;Dila

k d ; d dp l k ;

m t r u k ; m t r u k hf k d ; d d ; j d ; D i l a mtu; jd; kPJ Ngh; mk;ig Vt $tp e p i dj ; j miof;f Aj;j mtu;

kidtp kw;Wk; kfd;fis mioj;Jf; nfhz;L ntspNaw nghOJ me;j jdrpth kd;dd; vLj;Jf; nghOJ g i l a p di u f ; Xb

nghOjpy

vl;L

guhf;fpukkhd te;jjpdhy;

MAjq;fis

nfhz;L

k`hjp];]htplk; tpfhuhtpy;

(Acchagalla-vihara)

Ntz;LNfhs; k e ; j p u pf s p y ; rpbahtpd; te;J

mfhr

nrd;wg; m e ;j

jPUk;gp

rhiyapy;

mku;e;jpUe;jhh;.

,lj;jpw;F jd;Dila kidtpAld; nrd;w kd;dd; rhiy Xuj;jpy; mku;e;jpUe;j ke;jpup jhd; te;j nghOJ vOe;J jiy Fdpe;J kw;w epd;W VO kupahij ke;jpupfSk; nrYj;jtpy;iy tpl;lhh;. tpl;L mtiu vd;w tpyfpr; Nfhgj;jpy; NfhgKw;w topg;gwpf; mtiu ntl;bf; nfhd;W mjdhy;

nrd;W tpl;ldh;. mtu;fs; nrd;W nfhz;L ,Ue;j nghOJ nfhs;isf;fhuu;fs; mtu;fsplk; ,Ue;jtw;iw
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-298nfhs;is
(Hambugallaka)

mbj;J vd;w

tpl

mtu;fs; nrd;W

` k ; g f y ; y fh milf;fyk; fw;wwpe;jdu;. muprp>

tpfhuhTf;F

Mapdh;. mq;fpUe;j Njuhtplk; mtu;fs; mi lf;fyk; Mfp mtuplk; mtUk; ,Ue;J jdf;F ehd;F fpilj;j Rj;jpuq;fisAk; g p l ; i r a py ; vz;iz>

rf;fiu kw;Wk; Milfis mtu;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;jhh;. m t u ; f s ; X a ; n t L j ; j J k ; m t u ; f i s g ; g w ; w p a t p t u q ; f i sf ; N f l ; l w p e ; j N j u h ‘G j ; j N g h j i d f i sg ; g u g ; g c q ; f S f ; F v t Ui l a J i z m t r p a k ; > j k p y h T i l a M j u t h , y ; i y k d ; d dp d ; ,Utupy; k PJ topahf Mjuth’ k d ; d dp d ; khw;wpa vdf; MjuNt Njuh Nfl;f Njit mtu;fSk; vdf; $w me;j kd;dd; xU

mtu;fs;

nfhz;bUe;j

fho;g;Gzu;r;rpia

jp];]hTk;>

k`hjp];]hTk;

k d ; d i d A k ; t u t o p j ; J , U g p u p T f spi l N a , U e ; j k d f ; frg;ig khw;wp kPz;Lk; mtu;fs; xz;wpize;J nray;gl itj;jdh;. m e ; j k d ; d D k ; m D u h j G u j ; j p w ; F t e ; J j j p f hi t n f h d ; W k Pz ; L k ; Ml;rpiaf; Nghy nfhz;l fl;lg;gl;L ifg;gw;wpdhh;. fl;b ,Ue;j js;spa tpfhuhit ,UEhw;wpg; mq;F mukh gpd; mq;F gjpNdO mtu;fs;
(Arama)

Gj;j vd;w

tpfhuhf;fisg; fl;blq;fis m i w fi s f ; k`htpuh`h tpfhuhit Neuj;jpy;

,bj;Jj;

gd;dpuz ;L fl;bdhh;. Mz;Lfs;> kd;dd; Njuh

g j ; J k h j q ; f s ; k w ; W k ; g j ; J e l ; f s ; f o p e ; j g p d ; m g a f pu p
( A b h a y a g i r i - v i h a r a)

vOg;gpa mspj;j

, u z ; L N j u h f ; f i s Ak ; t u t o p j ; J m i j j h d ; j t p j ; j p U e ; j ,U Kiw me;j jk f;F mgak; k`hjp];]htpw;F tpfhuhit mu;gzpj;jhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-299tl;lfhkdpapd; vd;gjpdhYk;> epfd;jhit ngw;wJ. mjd; gpd; me;j ngaupy; kPl;Lf; nrd;w mts; kiwe;J fhiyf; kd;dd; NrhkhNjtpia tutopj;J vd;w ,Ue;J KOg; fpup ,bj;J mJ vd;w ngah; tpfhuhit mgafpup tl;lfhkpdp jkpyhf;fs; me;j tpfhuh vdg; mga;ah f l ; ba n g a u; ,lj;jpy; ,lj;jpy;

vOg;gpajpdhYk;>

mtSila k Pz ; L k ; jg;gpr; nrd;wJk; ,lj;jpy; ,lj;jpy;

Nrhkuhkh Aj;j

(Somarama)

klhyaj;ij epWtp mts; eLNt ,oe;jpUe;j me;j];ij nfhLj;jhh;. mtis kyu; flk;gh nfhz;l fld;fis G+kpapy; nghOJ> topapy; nfhbfs; me;j ,wf;fptpl;Lr; R+o;e;jpUe;j k i w t hd ,Ue;j me ;j

nghOJ> fopj;Jf; mts;

nfhz;L

rhkNduhtpd;

cjtpAld;

jg;gpajhy;

,lj;jpYk; xU tpfhuhit mikj;jhh;. Uthd;thbflgh
( S i l a s o bb h ak a n da ka) (Ruwanwaelidagaba)

tpd;

tlf;Fg; epWtpdhh ;. vd;gtu; Kyh

g F j p a p y ; R k h h ; x U i k y ; n j h i y t py ; r p y N r h g ` f d ; l f h vd;w j\;\pz ,lj;jpy; r y p ah gg;gj;jh vd;gtu; jkf;F rpbahitAk; t P u u ; f spy ; , d ; n dh U vd;gtu; vd;gtu; tpfhuhitf; kd;dupd; njd; fl;bdhh;. vd;gtu; fl;bdhh;.
( S a l i y a r a m a) ( Pabbatarama)>
U t t a r a t i s s a r ä m a)

VO

guhf;fpukrhyp

cjah

gFjpapy; mNj

(Dakkhina-vihara)

ke;jpupahd

KyNthrt ke;jpup > jp];]h t u t o pj ; J

tpfhuhitf;

( M u l a v o k a s a v i h ã ra) ;

r y p a h u k hi t A k ; g g ; g j ; j u k h i t Ak ;
(

cj;jujp];]ukhitAk; rkaj;jpy; mtu;

fl;bdh;. mtw;iwf; fl;b Kbj;jJk; Njuh nra ;j

jp];]hit

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-300c j t p f ; F f ; i f k hwh f m t w ; i w m t U f ; F m u ; g z p g ; g j h f f ; $wpdhh;fs;;. NjuhTk; gy;NtW ,lq;fspYk; itj;jhh;. ,Ue;jhYk; ,Uf;$lhJ mtu;fSila mtu;fSf;F vd ,Ue;j Gj;j kpf gpl;Ff;fis m j p f k hf FiwfSk; mtu;fSf;Fj;

mioj;J mtutu; jFjpf;Nfw;g me;j tpfhuhf;fspy; jq;f vz;zpf;if ve;j kd;dd; tpjkhd

epidj;j

Njitahd midj ;Jg ; nghUl;fSk ; jhuhskhff; fpilf ;f Vw;ghLfs; nra;jhh;. k`hjp];]h ntspNawp kf;fSila mtiu rp\;auhd tpfhuhtpy; rpwpJ gpupe;J vd;w Chpy; Njuh ,Ue;j ,Ue;J mbf;fb nrd;W k lhyaj;ij my;yhj tpl ;L ghku

gpl;Ff;fs;

t P L fS f ; F k ;

nf h z ; L

,Ue;jjpdhy; mtUila vd;gtu; mgafpup Jtf;fpdhh;. ,Ue;J Nru;e;J Nru;e;jtu;fs;

klj;jpy;

ntspNaw;wpdh;. fpsk;gpr; jdpg; mgafpup nrd;W

g`hykRj;lb];]h mq;fpUe;J Ngha; jq;fp gpd;du; j\;\ pz Njuthlh

( B a h a l a m a s s u t i s s a)

Nfhgkile;J

gpupitj;

fhyj;jpw;Fg; nrd;w gpupe;j

tpfhuhtpy;

tpfhuhit

,uz;lhfg;

gpuptpdu;fSld;

nfhz;L ,d;ndhU gpupthapdh;. gpupe;J
fij)

nfhz;Nl,Ue;j

gpuptpdiuf;

fz;l

% d;W

gpj;fhf;fisr; Nru;e;j gpl;Ff;fs;

%y mj;jfjh (Gj;jupd;

mope;J tplf; $lhJ vd epidj;jjpdhy; mJtiu n r a ; j p f i s Ak ; Gj;jfk; Nghy; vOjp itf;fj;

t h a ; n k h o p a p d h y ; $ w g ; g l ; L t e ; j p U e ; j N g h j i d f i s Ak ; kw;w Jtq;fpdh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-301tl;lfhkhdp Ml;rp mga;ah ,g;gbahf Kd; Ie;J gd;dpuz;L tUlq;fs; tpul ;b Ml;rp nra;jhh;. mjw;F Kd;du; j k py h f ; f s p d h y ; khjq;fs;

mbf;fg;gl;ljw;F nra;jpUe;jhh;. jd;Dila kd

m i k j pi a A k ;

kf;fSila

eyidAk;

kdjpy; nfhz;L mjw;fhf rw;Wk; nfhz;L epidj;Jg; ,Ug;gtu;

cioj;jgb Ml;rp nra;gtNu Raeythjpahf gjtpapy; ,Ue;J

Gj;jprhyp kd;dd; Mthu;. Mdhy; kw;wtu;fSila eyid ghh;f;fhky;> vj;jid nghpa ,Ug;gpDk;

k d m i k j p n g W tj p y ; i y . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; Kg;gj;jp ,ize;j top %d;whk; Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘g j ; J

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl

tFj;j ghfkhd

%u;j;jpapd;

kd;du;fs;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-30234:
mtUila
(Mahácúlí

gjpNdhW kd; d u; f s;
gpwF nra;J gzj;ijf; Ntlk; taypy; k`hFyp te;jhh;. nfhz;L; k`hjp];]h ePjp jd;Dila jhdq;fis jpdKk; Ntiy

kuzj;jpw;Fg;
M a h á t i s s a)

vd;gtu;

gjpdhd;F

Mz;Lfs;

Neu;ikAld; ciog;gpdhy; xU rpwpJ nra;J ( Ambatthakola) mjpy; fpilj;j tUlj;jpy; Neuk;

Ml;rp ngw;w khW xU

nra;tJjhd; rpwg;G vd ek;gpa kd;dd; jhk; gjtp Vw;w mzpe;J nfhz;L Nghy n j h o py h s p

mjpy; gpl;ir mUfpy;

fpilj;j mspj;jhh;. ,Ue;j jq;f

rk;ghj;jpaj;jpy; mk;gj;jNfhyhtpd; kiy vdg;gl;l te;J mtu;

k`hRkd;dhTf;F

Nrhdfpupapy; ,Ue;j %d;W fUk;ghiyapy; Ntiy nra;J $ypahd nty;yj;ijAk; Vw;ghL vLj;J mijAk; jhdkhff;
(30>000)

nfhLf;f

nra;jhh;.

Kg;gjhapuk;

gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk;

gd;dpuz;lhapuk;

( 1 8 > 0 0 0 ) g p l ; F z p f S f ; F k ; M i l f s ; j hdk ; n r a ; j h h ; .

mtu;

NkYk;

xU

cd;djkhd Milfs; kd;dd; mWgjhapuk;

tpfhuhitf; vd
(60>000)

fl;ba

gpd;

xt;xUtUf;Fk; gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk; nfhLj;jhh;. tq;fthl;lfy;yh

MW mNj

mWgjhapuk; kz ;lthgp ,

(60>000)

gpl;FzpfSf;Fk; tpfhuh> kw;Wk; jp`g`_fy;yfh t p f h u h f ; f i s Ak ;

(Vankavattakagalla)
Nghd;w

( D i g h a ba h u g a l la ka )>

kz;lthgp tpfhuh (Mandavapi)

[yhfk

( Ja l ag ama - v i h a ra)

fl;bdhh;. gjpdhd;F tUlq;fs; Mz;l gpd; jhd; nra;j e w ; f h u p a q ; f s p d ; tp i s t h f R t u ; f j ; j p w ; F r ; n r d ; w h h ; .

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-303tl;lfhkdpapd; vd;gtu; rkaj;jpw;F ,Ue;jhh;. Vw;wtu; ,bj;J kd;du; tp\k; xU Gjy;thud Nfhudhfh
(Coranaga)

k`_Fyhtpd; khWgl;l k`_Fyh vtUk; tpl;lhh;. Ml;rp fye;j te;J

( Mahácúla)

Ml;rpapy; Ml;rpg;

Gj ;j

nfhs;iffisf; kiwe;j jq;fhj gpd; g j p ndl ; L

n f h z ; l t u hf nghWg;ig nfl;l tpfhuhf;fis nfhLj;j mile;J

gd;dpuz;L nra;jhh;. czit

Mz;Lfs; mtUila cz;ltu;

me;j kjp kidtp kuzk;

N y h f j h u p f h ( L o k a n t a r i k a - h e l l ) v d ; w e uf j ; j p w ; F r ; n r d ; w h h ; . m t u ; k u z k ; m i le ; j g p d ; k ` _ F y h t p d ; k f d h d j p ] ; ] h vd;gtu; Ml;rpg; nghWg;gpy; mku;e;jhh;.
(Anulá)

Nfhuehfhtpd; vd;gts; ,Ue;j tp\k; me;j fs;sf; fye;J gpd;

(Coranaga)

k i d t pa h d fhtyhsp jdJ rhfbj;J tp\k;

mDyh

muz;kid fhjypdhy; nfhLj;J cztpy;

xUtDld;

fztDf;F tpl;lijg; fye;J

cztpy; NghyNt mtiu

jp];]htpw;Fk; nfhd;w

nfhLj;J

fhjyDf;F me;jg; gjtpiaj; je;jhs;. muz;kid fhtyhsp mts; Kjy; m D y hi t itj;Jf; jkpyh Rw;Wf; jdJ fhtypy; gl;lj;J ,Ue;j me ; j

,uhzpahf;fpf; fhuzk; vd;w tLfh khjk;

nfhz;L xU tUlk; ,uz;L khjk; Mz;l gpd; mtidAk; tp\k; nfhd;whs;. tLfh mjw;Ff; jkpyh jdJ ,uz;L efuj;jpy; jr;rdplk; gjtp ,Ue;j
(Damila
Vatuka)

mtSf;F

Vw;gl;bUe;j gpd; xU

fhjNy. tUlk;

Vw;Wf;

nfhz;l nfhz;L

mDyhit

gl;lj ;J

,uhzpahf;fpf; Mz;lhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-304k Pz ; L k ; jhU fhjy; gpd; xU mDyh nfhz;L tpwF tUlk; Fspj;J vd;w muz;kidf;F thLfhitAk; b];]hit khjk; xU tpwFfs; tp\k; Rke;J vd;gtd; te;j kPJ nfhd;w ghbf b];]h Rke;j xU
(Daru Bhatika Tissa)

itj;J f;

Ml;rpapy;

mkh;j ;jpdhs;.

mtDk ; mDyhit jdJ g l ;lj;J ,uhzpahf ;fpf; nfhz;L Mz;lhh;. Fsj;ijf; fz;L mjd; k`hNk`tdhtpy; fl;bdhd;. gpuhkz kPJ m j py ; G + r h up fhjy; njhpahj;jdkhf nrd;W epypah itj;Jf; gjtpiaj; khjq;fs; Mz;L mtd; te;j

mDyh

mq;fpUe;j mtu;

jkpyhit tpl;lhs;.

nfhz;ljpd; tpisthf nfhd;W ju mtUk; Mdhy;

jhU ghbf b];]hitAk; tp\k; gpd; epypahtplk; nfhz;L fhk MW Nfl;bUe;jgb czu;T mtis mts; NkYk; kze;J Ngr;irf; NkYk;

mDuhjGuj;jpy;

te;jhh;.

n f h z ; l m d p y h m u z ; k i d f h t y h s pf s ; K g ; g j ; j p , u z ; L Ngh;fSld; cwT nfhs;sj; Jbj;J> epypahitAk; tp\k; itj;Jf; nfhd;w gpd; jhNd mupaiz fhyk; ehl;il Mz;lhs;. Mdhy; ,uz;lhk; Nridia gpd; ngupa mDyhtpd; kfdhd jpul;bf; n f h L i k fS f ; F g ;
(Kutakanna

V w p e h d ; F k hj

gae;J
Tissa)

muz;kidia tpl;L Xbg; Ngha; ,Ue;j k`hFypfhtpd; Fl;lfd;djp];]h nfhz;L te;J vd;gtu; gg;g[;[h cgNjrk; ngw;W jd;Dld; xU ngUk; mDyhitf; Ml;rpapy; kl;Lk; fl;ba nfhd;w ,Ue;jhh;. mjd; Nghjp ,Ugj;jp ,uz;L Mz;Lfs; fl;baJ

mtu; rpbah kiyapy; cNgh];jh gz;biff; nfhz;lhl fl;blj;ijf; ];Jhgp ,d;wp gpd;> fpof;Fg;Gwkhf x d ; i w Ak ;

k u k ; x d ; i w A k ; mq ; F e l ; l h h ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-305,uz;L
( Vannaka)

ejpfSf;F kw;Wk;

,ilNa

Ngyfhk

tpfhuhit gNahYg;gyh efiu

(Pelagamavihara) (Bhayoluppala)

mikj;jhh;. mjd; gf;fj;jpNyNa thdfh mk;gLf;fh
(Ambadugga)>

Nghd;w

Fsq;fisAk;

mikj;jhh;.

Rw ;wp VO fpA+gpf ; cau mstpy; nghpa Rtw ;iwf; fl;b m j d ; g f ; f j ; j p y ; n g u p a m f o pi a A k ; n t l ; b d h h ; ; . mDyhtpd ; cliy vupj;j muz ;lid tshfj ;jpw;F rw ;W js;sp ,d;NdhU Gjpa muz;kidia vd;w fl;bdhh;. efupy; gJkhRu mjhtJ mjdhy; jhahUf;fhf
(Padumassara)

ngahpy;

G + q ; f h i tf ; fhy

f l ; b d h h ; . m t U i l a j h a h h ; j d ; D i la , s k ; t a j p N y N a > Kjypy; Gj;j fd;dp gy; Jyf;fj; FLk;g klhyak; Jtq;fpa te;J epyj;jpy; xd;iwf; fl;lj;jpNyNa rkaj;jpw;F tpl ;lts ;. mtUila fl;b mjd;

jd;Dila

ngaiu jz;lNf`h ( gy; tupir tPL) vd itj;jhh;. mtUila vl;L kuzj;jpw;Fg; vd;gtu; vd;w vd ,uz;L gpd; ,sturu; nghWg;ig mtu; ngah;
( vedikas)

gl;bfiga;ah Vw;W ,Ugj;jp rNfhjuu; g b f u h [h fl;bdhh;. k`hjhjpf;fh

(Bhatikabhaya) ( Ma h a d a t h i k a)

Ml;rp Mz;lhh;;.

Mz;Lfs;

Neu;ikahd gl;lg; Mapw;W.

kd;dUila

vd;gjpdhy;
( Bhatikaraja)

mtUila

mtu;

Nyh`ghjrhjhit

r Pu ; g L j ; j p

Ntbfhf;fisf;

mq;F fl;lg;gl;l cNghrjhtpd; (cgNjr kz;lgk;) ngaiu ];Jhgpapd; epithf Jhguhkh ( Thuparama) vd itj;jhh;. efiur; Rw;wp xU c[;[_f;fh Nghd;w Nah[id Jhuj;jpw;F Rkd;dh kw;Wk; ,uz;L tpjkhd ky;ypif kyu;;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-306nrbfis el;L tsu;f;Fk;gb gy Mizapl;lhh;. tpyf;fpdhh;. Rtu;fs; kPJ kf;fs; kPJ Rkj;jg;gl;bUe;j ghijapd; msT nrhy;yp kpfTk; xU tupfis ,Ue;j Ntbfhtpd; ehY tpuy; Nghlr; ];Jhgp

f Po ; g F j p a p y ; , U e ; J r p b a h t p d ; N k y ; g F j p t i u , U e ; j ,UGwKk; tpN\r ijyj;jpyhd itf;fr; fyitg;G+r;R me;j

me;j ,lj;jpy; eWkzk; je;j kyu;r; nrbfis mlu;j;jpahf nrhy;yp

,Ue;j ,lj;ij kyu; g+kp Nghy; Mf;fpdhh;. ,d;ndhU jbkdhf midj;J Vupapy; ];Jhgp Kiw me;j ,Ue;J kPJ ePu; rpbah t p N \r Foha; KOtJk; vl;L tpuy; msT nrhy;yp mga;ah te;J tpjj;jpy;

ijyg;G+r;R %yk;

Nghlr;

,lj;ijAk;

kyu;

Nrhiyahf;fpdhh;. jz;zPu; tz;zk; ,Uf;Fk;

vLj;J

nghope;j

nraw;if ePUw;W itf;f Vw;ghL itj;jhh;. EhW tz;b epiwa te;j Kj;ij tpN\r vz;iz jltpa fapw;wpy; kpf neUf;fkhff; Nfhh;f;ff; $wp ];jhghtpw;F Rw;wp gtok; gpd;dpg; me;j kw;Wk; Nghl;L khiyia mu;gzpj;jhh;. G+f ;fis rpbahit

jq;fj;jpyhd

tiyNghy

tzq;fp te;jhh;. xU Kiw Gdpj Fuypy; miwapd; vNjh cs;Ns gy ghh;f;f vd mu`d;Jf;fs; ,Ue;jJ KbT Nghy nra;J K b a t p y ;i y Njuhf;fs; nrd;W cUtr;

xUkpj;j vd;why;

Xjpf;

n f hz ; L $lhJ

czu;e;jtu;

mtu;fis

jhddhy; tpl;lhh;.

mq;fpUe;J

Nghff;

cz;zhtpujj;jpy; cs;Ns mioj;Jr; jhk;

mku;e;J nrd;W fz;l

mjdhy;

tpN\rkhd Eio thry; mikj;J mtiu Gdpj miwf;F fhl;bdh;. fhl;rpfisg; cs;Ns Nghd;w jpUk;gpatu;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-307rpd;dq;fis rpbahtpy; mikf;f nrhy;yp fhl;rpg; nghUl;fshf mtw;iw itj;jhh;. rpbahtpYk; mijr; Rw;wpAk; Njd; $Lfs;> third jUk; kyu;fs;> msT kyu;fs; kyu; nfhj;Jf;fSld; tupirahf Cw itj;j $ba FLitfs;> mtw;iwj; cgNahfpj;J
(madhuka)

Kl;b jhkiu j t pw Vw;wp vd;w VO

ePupy;

kpje;J ,Ue;jd.

nfhz;bUe;j

Nghd;wit jPgq;fs;>

n t z ; i z a py ; itf;fg;gl;l vz;izapYk;> vd midj;Jk;

jpupfis kJFyh moF

ey;nyz;izapYk; ];Jhghtpw;F

Vw; w g ; g l ; l Nru;f;f>

tpsf;Ffs; mq;F

N t i s f s ; e p N t j ; j pa k ; g i l f ; f g ; g l ; l d . Xt ;x U tUlKk ; njhlu;e ;J fl;blk ; nts ;isabf;fg ;gl;L tz;zk; G+rp guhkupf;fg;gl;lJ. tpjj;jpy; mijj; Ntrf mq;F jtpw mJ tpoh Kbe;jJk; mij nfhz;lhLk; e i l n g w ; w J. giwrhw;Wk; ngaupy; ehd;F rpwpa nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. ngUikia vd;w me;j ,irf; %d;W vl;lhapuj;J

m J N g h y N g h j p k u j ; j p w ; F k ; G + i [ fs ; n r a ; a g ; g l ; L ; t p o h ];Jhghtpd; gz;biffs; vl;L
(Vesakha-festivals)

,Ugj;jp

gz;biffSk;> gy;NW

gz;biffSk; eldkhLNthu;> Nghd;wtu;fs;

nfhz;lhlg;gl;ld. thj;jpajpdKk;

tpohf;fspy; fiyQu;fs;>

g q ; N f w ; w dh ; .

Kiw me;j ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W Gj;jiu tzq;fp kyu;f; kj;jsk; (flower-drum) vd;w ngaupy; kyu;fs; Jhtp mij Muhjpj;jhh;. toq;fg;gl;ld.
( p a v a r a n a - c e r e m o n y)

Gj;j

rka epiwa

Nghjidfs; Nghy ghtud

nra;J

nfhz ;L n j h l u; e ; J

,Ue;jtu;fSf;F

n tF k j p f s ; jug;gl;ld.

mJ

rlq;FfspYk; JwtpfSf ;F

jhdq;fs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-308vz;iz> nty;yk;> xd;W Milfs; Nghd;wit tpl;lhy; j h u h s k hf ,d;ndhd;W g g ; g j ; j h t py ; ml;ilfs; muz;kid> kdpAgl;ld;ghrjh kw;Wk; toq;fg;gl;ld. fl;l jpdKk; jug;gl;L epiwa Mapuk; gOjile;J

,Uf;fl;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf midj;J efu;fspYk; rpbahf;fs; ,lq;fs; czT xJf;fg;gl;ld. milahs toq;fg;gl;ld. gJkh tPL gpl;Ff;fSf;F

rpl;lgl;ld;ghrjh

( C i t t u p a t t h a n a p a s a d a)>

( M a n i u p a t t h a n a p a s a d a) >

( Pad um a-house)

r l ;l g ;g h r j h ( C ha t t ap a s ad a) Nghd ;w I e ;J , l q ;f s p y ; G d p j gpl;Ff;fSf;F Njitahd te;jpUe;j kupahijfs; nghUl;fs; m i dj ; J f ; nr a ; a g ; g l ; L mtu;fSf;Fj; jdf;F kd;dd; jug;gl;ld. ew; NkYk;

Ke;ija kd;dh;fs; Gj;j rkaj;jpd; Nkd;ikf;fhf nra;J fhupaq;fisAk; gbfhTk; (Bhatika) njhlu;e;J nra;J te;jhh;. gbfuh[h rNfhjuu; vd;gtu; nra;jthW g h i w fi s f ; Rw;wpYk; kz;zpw;F rka kuzk; gd;dpuz;L mile;jg; Mz;Lfs; gpd; mtUila ew; ,isa
M a h a n a g a)

k`hjPjpf

k`hefuh

(Mahadathika

gw;gy ];Jhghit nfhz;L

gzpfis fpspd;rpfh ,Ue;j

Mz;lhh;.
( k i n c i k k h a - s t o n e s)

gyg;gLj;jpdhh;. t p f h u h f ; f s py ; Mrdq;fs; ];Jhgpiaf; nra;J f l ; b l j ; j py ;

,Ue;j gjpy;

eil ey;y

ghijfspy; jsk;

Nghlg;gl;L

mikj;jhh;.

Nghjidfs;

nra;gtu;fspd; mq;F mtu;

trjpf;fhf

n r a ; J j e ; j h h ; . j p a h d k z ; l g k ; , U e ; j f l ; b l k ; t Y t hf ,y;iy vd;gjpdhy; nghOJ mk;gj;jhy mtu; kPJ Nkype;j
( Am b a t t h a la - t h up a)

fl;bdhh;.

jpahdk;

nfhz;bUe;j

, U e ; J f w ; f s ; c i l e ; J t p O e ; j j p d hy ; m i j f ; f l ; b d h h ; . ,g;gbahf me;j fl;blj;ij tYthff; fl;ba g pd; ehd;F
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-309ehd;F thapy;fspYk; tisTfis Rw;wp xU mikj;J rhiyapd; mw;Gjkhd mikf;f mw;Gjkhd ,UGwKk; Nah[id ,uj;jpdq;fs; Vw;ghLfs; rhiyfis filfis ehd;F gjpj;j E io fl;lr; e p W tr ; myq;fhu rpbahit nra;J tuNtw;G vd thapy;fis me;j n r a ; j hh ; .

Jhuj;jpw;F

nrhd;dhh;. me;j rhiyapd; top neLq;fpYk; mq;fhq;Nf tisTfs;> midj;J flypYk; kf;fs ; rpbah myq;fhuj ; Njhuzq;fs;> kl;Lk; > Vd; xU Flk;gh nfhbfs;> rhiy ejpapy; Nah[id gyTk; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. $l ele;J mJ my;y

tpsf;Ffs; Jhuj;jpw;F ,Ue;J rhiyapy; ,Ue;jJ. tpohtpw;F

,lq;fspYk; gFjp nry;y

Nghlg;gl;ld. tiu

rpbah

kiyg;

Nghlg;gl;bUe;j Nghlg ;gl;L ele;Njwpa kd;dd; > gpd;

fk;gsk; nra;jpUe;;j

rPuikf;fg;gl;l trjpfis

,t;tpjkhd

me ;j epfo ;rpia fpupge;jh fhzpf ;i f ( Giribhanda-offering) vd mioj;jhh;. Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSf;F jhdq;fis nfhLf;f v l;L ,lq;fspy; Vw;ghL mq;F nra;jpUe;j ele;j t p o ht p w ; F MW n r a ; j hh ; . jq;fpf; me;j mioj;J ,uh[;aj;jpd; Gj;j mq;F te;j mjpgh;> ,Ugj;jp xt;xU rpiwapy; Fiwj;Jk; mku;e;jpUe;j ,lq;fspNyNa nra;J m t U i la jq;fj;jpyhd ehyhapuk; gpl;Ftpw;Fk; ew;gzpfs; Kb epue;jukhf Nksj;jpid gpl;Ff;fSf;F jz;lidf; ehd;F nfhz;L mbj;J jhdk; gpl;Ff;fis

je;jhh;. je;Jk;>

cilfisj;

,Ue;jtu;fSila ntl;Lk;

f hy j ; i j f ; me;j

thry;fspYk; jkJ

njhopyhspfSf;F mjpfhuk;

njhopiy

nfhz;bUf;fTk;

nfhLj;jhh;.

K d ; N d h h ; f s ; n r a ; J t e ; j p U e ; j e y ; y g z p f i s m t U i la
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-310mtUila MfNt k Pz ; L k ; %j;j rNfhjuu; itf;fg;gl;L midj;ijAk; jd;idAk;> Kad;w Klf;fp ,Ue;j Kbj;J jd;Dila nghOJ mij itj;jpUe;jhh;. me;j gzpfis Gj;j ,U kWj ;j itj;jhh;. kidtp> Vw;f epWj;jp Jtf;fp

gpl;Ff;fsplk; kd;dd;

k f d ; f s ; > g l ; l j ; J a h i d > e h l ; L F j pi u N g h d ; w t w ; i w Ak ; mu;gzpf;f gpl;Ff;fs; mij jLj;J epWj;jpdhh;fs;. Gj;j gpl;Ff;fSf;F xU MW yl;r gy yl;r
(1>00>000) (6>00>000)

nrytpYk;> mtutu; nra ;jhh;. kd;dd; fGfz;lh ejpg; >

gpl;FzpfSf;F NjitfSf;Nfw;g

nrytpYk;; ,Ue;j kw;Wk; fl;bdhh;.

jhdq;fis

fy;ahdfhdpf;fhtpy; kdpdfgg;gl;jh
(Kubukanda)

( Kala y a na ka n n i ka)

(M a n i n a g a p a b b a ta)

vd;w rKj;j

tpfhuhf;fisAk; tpfhuhitAk; `_tffhdpf;fh

gf;fj;jpy; vd;w vd;w miu ,Ue;j $wpdhh;;. tpfhuhtpy; tpfhuhTf;Fk;

( S a m ud da - v i ha r a)

Nuh`d;dhtpy; ,lj;jpy;

,Ue;j

( H u va ca k a n n i k a)

Fyehfgg;gl;lh nrd;wpUe;j jz;zPu; fhyp

( Culanagapabbata)

vd;w

t p f h u h i t A k ; f l ; b d h h ;. K d ;dh ; g h r d j Pg f h ( P a s a n a d i p a k a) tpfhuhTf;F xU me;j mJ Nah[id Jhu nghOJ nfhLj;J epyj;ij gad; kw;NwhU kd;dDf;F cjtpajhy; mtu; jq;fp mij vd;w mq;fpUe;j rhkdPuh

tpfhuhTf;F cgNahfj;jpw;nfd NghyNt

j hdk s p j ; j t u ; >
(Mandavapi)

gpl;Ff;fspd;

g L j ; J k hW rhkdPuhtpd; gpl;Ff; fspd;

kz;lthgp

jkf;F

cjtpa mq;fpUe;j

cgNahfj;jpw;nfd epyk; nfhLj;jhh;. vtu; xUtu; midtuplKk; xUkpj;jf; fUj;Jf;fSld;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-311xd;wpize;J Mirfspy; Jd;gj;ijj; Ml;rpahsu;fs; ,Ue;J t h o ; f p d ; w h N u h> ntw;wp jk;ik tpLtpj;Jf; kkijiaAk;> nfhz;L> kf;fs; rpw;wpd;g xUtUk; nfhs;fpd;whNuh> mg;gbg ;gl;l fhupaq;fisNa Nrhk;Ngwpj;jdj;ijAk; mg;gbg;gl;ltu; Ml;rpg; ey;y

nghWg;Ngw;why; J h a ; i k a hd

mDgtpg;gjpy;iy.

ek;gpf;ifAld; nra;thh;fs; vd;gjpy; Iak; ,y;iy. Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; K g ; g j ;j p ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh ‘g j p N d h U

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl ehd;fhk;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

kd;dh;fs;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

Xtpau; ghu;itapy; md;iwa Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-31235:
k`hljpf;fhtpd;
Abhaya)

gd; d puz; L kd; d h; f s;
( Mahadathika)

kuzj;jpw;Fg;

gpd;

mtUila kfdhd mkz;lfhkpdp mga;ah (Amandagamani vd;gtu; xd;gJ tUlq;fSk; vl;L khj fhyKk; nra;jhh;. fPo; ];Jhghtpd; gFjpapYk; fl;bdhh;. fl;bdhh ;. nfhz;l tpfhuhitAk; NkypUe;j Ntjpfisf; cs; mJ Nghy ntz;
(vedi-

Ml;rp

r h k uf ;
tpLjp)

Filapd; (parasol) cauj;ij ,d;DKk; caukhf;fp nky; gFjpapYk;> fl;bdhh;. Kw;wj;ijAk; cNgh];jhtpYk; ,uj;jpdq;fs; ,uh[jhypd mDuhjGuj;jpy; me;j ehl;bd; $lhJ Nyh`ghjrhtpy; tuhz;lh kw;Wk;

Jhguhkhtpd; c a u ; j u k hd
( p a v i l io n) >

,uz;Lf;Fk; $lhuj;ijAk;

(Rajatalena-vihara)

fl;bdhh;. vd;w n f h iy gy kd;dd; jhdk;

k`hfNkd;jp ve;j vd xU

( Mahagam endi)

Fsj;ij fl;b mij jl;\z tp fhuhTf;F mu;gzpj;jhh;. gFjpapYk; vtUk; nfhbfis nra;af; g y ; N tW ,lq;fspYk; mkd;jpah> mkd;jfhkpdp fLikahd cj;juT Nghl;bUe;jhh;.

t i f a hd fpupzpg;

jpuhl;irf; g o q ; f i s Ak ; ; > vd;gtu;

t s u ;f ; f r ;
( Amandagamani)

nrhy;ypapUe;j ngahpy;

M i l fi s Ak ;

nra;Jk; jd;Dila ew;fhupaq;fisj; njhlu;e;jhh;. mtUila ,isa rNfhjuuhd fdpuh[Djp];]h vg;gtu; j d ; D i l a r N f h j ui u f ; n f h d ; W t p l ; L % d ; W t U l q ; f s ; Ml;rpapy; gpbj;J ,Ue;jhh;.ehl;L nra;J jPik eyDf;F nra;j vjpuhf mtu;fis ,Ue;j fdpuh mWgJ gpl;Ff;fis mtu;fs; itj;jpUe;j nghUl;fSld; tur;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-313( Ka n i r a)

vd;w

Fifapy;

milj;J
(Kanirajanu)

itf;FkhW kuzj;jpw;Fg; mtu;

Mizapl;lhh;. Ml;rpg;

fdpuh[Dtpd; Vw;W xU

gpd; mke;jfhkdpapd; Gjy;thud Fyiga;ah (Culabhaya) nghWg;ig Nfhdfh tUlk; Mz;lhh;. jiyefupd; njd; gFjpapy; Fyfy ;y ( Culagallaka) vd;w tpfhuhitf; fl;bdhh;. Fyiga;ahtpd; kuzj;jpw;;Fg; gpd; mtUila ejpf;Fg;
(Gonaka-river)

gf;fj;jpy;

rNfhjupahd rpthyp (Sivali) Mdhy; vd;gtu; ehs; mkd;jhtpd; rpthypia

vd;gts; ehd;F khjq;fs; ,yefh
(Ilanaga)

M l ; r p a p y ; , U e ; j h s ; . m t s ; m k d ; j h t p d ; ( A m a n d a ) k fs ; . kUkfdhd ,Ue;J ,Ue;j gjtpapy; Ngha; Juj;jptpl;L nghOJ jiy me;j jhd;

k d ; d d ; M d h u ; . x U t U l k ; g j t p a py ; , U e ; j m t u ; x U b];]h Vhpf;F mtUld; xU efUf;Fj; kd;dd; Vupapd; cWjpahd Mizapl;L> nfslyh nrd;W ,Ue;j yk;gfd;dhf;fs; ,dj;jtu; jpUk;gp mtiu tpl;ldh;. ,Ue;J mikf;f jdpNa mjdhy; k`hJhgh Ntz;Lk;
(Lambakannas) vd;w

tpl;Ltpl;L mtu;fs;

NfhgKw;w tiu vd

mtu;fSf;Fj; gpd;Gwj;jpy; rhiyia mtu;fSila
(caudalas)

jz;ilidahf

Ntiyiaf; vd;gtu;fis mjdhy; jpuz;L me;j gzpg; te;J

fz;fhzpf;f

Nkw;ghh;itahsu;fshf yk;gfd;dhf;fs; rpiw gpbj;J Ml;rpia jd;Dila kiwj;J gl;lj;J e h l ;b d ; %b kd;did itj;J

epakpj;jhh ;. midtUk; jhk; kfd;

Nfhgkw;w

muz;kidapNyNa Vw;wdh; .

ifjpahf xU

kd;ddpd; ngz;zplk;

kidtpNah Jzpahy; nfhLj;J

fz;lKfrpthit

jd;Dila

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-314ahidaplk; nrd;W mtid mjdplk; tpl;Ltpl;L tUkhW $wp ,Ue;jhs;. mNjhL; me;j ahidf;F xU n r a ; j p i a Ak ; m D g ; g p , U e ; j h s ; . me;j nrd;W; Ntiyf;fhupfs; ‘,J rpWtid ahidaplk; mioj;Jr; m tu;

vq;fSila %u;fu;fs; vd;gjw;fhf mDg;gp fhybapy; ahid

kd;dpd; nfhy;tij ,uhzp cs;shu; ’ fplj;jpdh;.

Foe;ij. tpl vd;W

rpiwapy; ,Uf;fpd;whh;. ,e;j rpWtid kd;did rpiwg; gpbj;Js;s tpl;L mtid fz;zPu; tur; me;j cd;dhy; tpl;L Nfl;L fl;b $wptpl;L nfhy;yg;gll;Lk; mjd; tbj;j cd;dplk; mi j f ; jd;idf;

nrhy;yp

Nfhgkile;J

,Ue;j fapw;iw mWj;Jf; nfhz;L> fk;gj;ij cilj;J M N t r k h f m u z ; k i d i a N e h f ; f p X b a J . m u z ; k i d a p d; gpujhd ahid rpiwapd; thapiy rpiwapy; cilj;Jf; kd;dd; nfhz;L cs;Ns kPl;L nrd;w mile;J jd; ,Ue;j ,lj;ij

fjTfis

cilj;J

kd;did

KJfpy; mtiu Vw;wpf; nfhz;L k`hjpj;jhtpw;Fr; Xbr; n r d ; w J . m e ; j , l j ; j p y ; , U e ; j x U f g ; g y p y ; k d ; d id Vw;wptpl;l tpl;lJ. me;j kd;dd; mLj;j gpd; ehl;bw;Fr; g i li a nrd;whh;. vd;w Nridia gl;lj;J jpul;bdhh;. ahid nrd;W jpul;bf; %d;W nfhz;L gpd; kyhahit Nehf;fp jhDk; nrd;W

tUlq;fs;

tho;e;j

Nuh`d;dhtpw;Fr;
( Sa kk h a r a s ob b ha)

rf;f`uNrhgh ,jw;fpilNa thapy;

JiwKfj;ij mile;jtu; mq;F njd;Gw

,d;Dk;

ngUk;

kyhahtpy;

,Ue;J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-315t o p a h f N u h ` d h t p y ; G F e ; j J . J y j hu h ( T u l a d h a r a ) v d ; w tpfhuhtpy; fgp [hjfhit k`hghJkh ngupa Njuhtplk; vd;w ,Ue;J [ h j fh eh`k gpd; fw;wwpe;jpUe;j rkaj;jpy; tpfhuhiu
vl;L (Mahäpaduma)

f i j fi s N g h j p j ; J t e ; j t u ; ( p r e a c h e r o f j a t a k a s ) , G j ; j Vw;gl;bUe;j
( N a g a m a h a v i h a r a)

gw;Wjy;

fhuzkhf> mjd;

tpupthf;fpdhh;. vy;iyia vd;w

vz;ZhW Neuhd jDf;fspd; ePsj;jpw;F (xU jD vd;gJ
mbahFk;)

]Jhghtpd;
(Dura)

,d;dKk; vd;w fl;b

tpupthf;fp Fsj;ijAk;> ,Ue;jhh;. jk;khy; tUfpd;whh; Aj;jj;jpw;Fj;

k`hdkhtpd; Jhuh

mUfpy;

jp];]h Fsj;ijAk;

ntspNawpa vd;gijf; jahh;

kd;dd; Nfs;tpg;gl;l

ngUk;

gilAld; fhgyfz;lh ,Ue;j ,U gyUk;

y k;gfd;dhf;fSk;

Mapdh;. vd;w Nkhjpf;

( Kap a l la kk h a n da)

vd;w efu Eio thapy; mUNf
( Hankarapitthi)

`d;fugpl;b gpuptpdUk; khz;ldh;. fly; gpd;

,lj;jpy; nfhs;s

gaq;fukhf

gazk; thq;fj; Jtq;f>

n r a ; j p U e ; j j pdh y ; gil kd;dd; tPuu;fs; jhNd

Vw;gl;bUe;j Nrhh;e;J Aj ; j Ngha; Kidf;F Nghd jk; nrd;W vd

fisg;gpdhy;

kd;ddpd;

n r d ; w h h ; . M f ; f p N u h \ k h f m t u ; A j ; j k ; n r a ;J v j p u p f s p d ; j i y fi s jiyia mtUila t o p k w pj ; j g b rPtpf; %bf; nfhz;L mgaf; nfhz;Lk; ,Uf;f gae;J Nghl;Lf; Kd; yk;gfhdhf;fs; Fuy; vog;gpatz;zk;

njhq;fg;

n f h z ; L k;

tz;bapd; epw;f

rf;fuj;jpd; nfhy;y

mtu;fisf;

Ntz;lhk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-316vd kd;dd; Mizapl;L mjw;Fg; gjpy; mtu;fis capUld; gpbf;FkhW fl;lis ,l;lhh;.

n t w ; w p t P u u h f j i y e f u p y ; E i o e ; j k d ; d dp d ; ; j i y k P J ,uh[;af; Fil gpbf;fg;gl;L ,Uf;f jp];]h tpohtpw;Fr; nrd;whh;. ew;gyid mjd; vz;zp gpd; j d ; D i la nfhz;L giltPuu;fs; jdf;F >jd;id R+o MAjq;fis vLj;Jf; f p i lj ; j tpNuhjpj;Jf;

kfpo;e;jthW

nfhz;l yk;gfhdhf;fis gpbj;J ,Utu; ,Utuhf fl;b> mtu;fis tupirahf xUtu; gpd; xUtuhf epw;f itj;J mtu;fisAk; Kidia mtUila nra;jhh;. mtu;fSila nghOJ mts; mij ‘, t u ; f s ;
(oxen)

Nru;j;Jf; ,ujj;ij jiyfis mtUila cd;

fl;b> ,Oj;Jf; rPtp

fl;ba

fapw;wpd; ,Og;gJ

kW Nghy

,ujj;jpy;

fl;b

tpyq;Ffs;; thrypy; tpLkhW jhahh;

nfhz;L

NghFkhW nrd;wTld; ,l;l

muz;kidapd;

fl;lis

jLj;J ,Oj;J MfNt $w fhy; me;j

epWj;jpdhs;. te;jjpdhy;; mtu;fSila fhy; me;j efupy;

,ujj;ij

vUJfSf;F jiyia Fsk;igAk; kl;Lk; ahid

rkkhdtu;fs;. mtu;fSila v w p’ vdf; %f;FfisAk;> fhj;J ngah;

rPthky;> rPtp

nfhk;igAk;> mjd;gb ve;j

yk;gfhdhf;fspd; ntl;b jd;id vd;w

tpuy;fisAk; ,lj;jpw;F `j;jpNghfh , g ; g b a hf

mDg;GkhW Mizapl;lhh;. epd;wNjh itj;jhh;. nrYj;Jk; tifapy;

ahidf;F

kupahij

( H a t t h i b ho ga)

,yq;fh

M W t U l q ; f s ; mD u h j G u j ; i j m u r hz ; L t e ; j h h ; . mtUila fz;lKf kuzj;jpw;Fg; rpth gpd; mtUila vd;gtu; kfdhd Vw;W

(Candamukha Siva)

gjtp

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-317vl;L ,Ue;j tUlq;fs;> VO khjk; gjtpapy; ,Ue;jhh;. me;j kd;dd; khdpf;fuhfkfh (Manikaragamaka) vd;w <rhurkhdh
(Issarasamana)

,lj;jpy;

vd;w

tpfhuhtpd;

cgNahfj;jpw;fhf xU Fsj;ij ntl;bf; nfhLj;jhh;. fz;lKf ele;j rpthtpd; ,isa rNfhjuu; ahryyfjp];]h jp];]htpy; tpl;L jhd; khjq;fSk;

( Y a s a l a l a k a t i s s a)

vd;gtu; VO

jkJ

rNfhjuiu nfhd;W vl;L

tpiahl;Lg; gpbj;J

Nghl;bapy;

gjtpiag;

tUlq;fsSk;

Ml;rp nra;jhh;. m e ; j m u z ; k i d a pd ; f h t y h s p a h f , U e ; j j j ; j h ( D a t t a ) vd;gtupd; me;j Cupy; Gjy;thud Rgh
(Subha)

vd;gtd; ,Ue;jhd;.

kd;didg; kd;dd; njhpahky; cilfs; Mrdj;jpy; mtiu kupahij xUtUk; Rgh rpup j;Jf; Nfypahf nfhz;L ngahpy;

NghyNt cUt xw;Wikiaf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhd;. mtDk; ,lj;jpy; ,y;yhj fhtyhspahfNt Neuq;fspy; nfhz;L v t U f; F k ; jiyg;ghif> mtUila

kd;dDila Nghd;wtw;iw mtid ke;jpupfs; nra;jdh;. murid nfhz;L

mzpfyd ;fs;> mzpe;J

nrd;W mkh;e;J nfhs;thd;. mtid Rgh vd mwpahky; kd;dd; tzq;f> ,J ngau; ,Uf;f ahryyfh fhtyu;fs; xUehs; vdNt jiy me;j Vd; epidj;J Fdpe;J

gyKiw $tp jd;idg; vd

ele;jJ. mioj;J ghh;j;J kd;dd;

cz;ikia Nfypahf mtd; ghh;j;Jf; vd;w

mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy.

fhtyhsp

rpupf;fpd;whd; mkh;e;jhd;.

,Uf;ifapNyNa mtidf; nfhd;W tpl;L Rgh gjtpapy; mtd; Rg;guh[h
(Subharaja)

M W t U l q ; f s ; M l; r p n r a ; j h d ; .
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-318mgafpup me;j kw;Wk; mtu; k`ht`huh gy miwfisf; ngaiu mUfpy; gFjpapy; fq;ifapd; vd;w fl;lr; ty;yp Vfhj;thuh itf;fr; ,uz;L nrhy;yp nrhy;yp tpfhuh vd;w tpfhuhf;fspYk; ,lj;jpw;F mjd; ,Ue;jhh;. v d ; g i j Ak ;

jd;Dila fpof;Fg;

cUtpyhTf;F k`hNthyp

tpfhuhitAk;>

( M a h a w a e l i g a n g a)

t h a U N f e e ; j p f k hf h v d ; w t p f h u h i tA k ; f l ; b d h h ; . Yk;gfhdh tk;rj;jpid Nru;e;j trgh (Vasabha ) vd;gtd; gilj; jiytuhf ,Ue;j jd;Dila khkDld; tlf;Fg; gFjpapy; xU Kiw N[hrpak; ngaUila kidtpAld; trpj;J $wp te;jhh;. jpf;fh ahryhf;fh trgh v d ; g tu ; vd vd;w kd;dd; mtid thrgh vd;gtu; ehl;il ehl;by; khkd; MSthh;

,Ue;jpdhy; MfNt

midtiuAk;

nfhd;W

t p L k hW gpd;

Mizapl;lhh;.

trghtpd;

jd;Dila

fye;jhNyhrid

nra;jg;

k d ; d dp l k ; m i o j ; J r ; n r y ; y K b T nra ; j h h ; . me;j gilj; jiytUila kidtp trghitf; fhg;ghw;w epidj;jhs;. ghf;if ,y;yhj kUkfid jiytdpd; mtu;fs; kd;ddplk; nry;yf; gilj; fpsk;gpa j i y tu ; Rz;zhk;G j d ; D i la tUkhW gilj; nfhLj;J nghOJ NtzLk; vd;Nw Rz;zhk;G fyf;fhj ntw;wpiyg; kbj;Jf; nfhLj;jDg;gpdhs;. thapiy nrd;W ghf;ifg; te;j Mapuk; muz;kidapd; mile;jTld; g h j ; j J k ;> trghtplk; gzk; Rz;zhk;G

ntw;wpiyg; tpl;bw;Fr; k i dt p tPl;bw;F

vLj;J

mDg;gpdhh;.

tptuj;ijf; $wp

mq;fpUe;J

N t W , l j ; j p w ; F j g ; g p Xb

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-319mq;fpUe;J Njuhtplk; czT nghOJ kfpo;rp vd xU jg;gp jQ;rk; Xbatd; mila> kfh mtu; tpfhuhit mtDf;F xU $w kw;Wk; Nghy cjtpdhh;. mtd; mile;J M i l fs ; > mq;fpUe;j fhyj;jpy; kpf;f xU fgy;yGth mtu; mtd;

midj;Jk; njhO Nghfpd;whd;

je;J vd

Nehahsp

kd;ddhfg;

MUlk;

mile;jhd;.

fz;lFl;lh

vd;wtu;fspd; fpuhkkhf mile;jhu;. Mjuitg;

fijapy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ ifg;gw;wpf; ,U nfhz;L

Gul;rpahsdhf khwp Ml;fisj; jpul;bf; nfhz;L xt;xU Nuh`d;dhit kf;fspd; gyg;gLj;jpf; tUlq;fspy; nfhz;L; mq;fpUe;j gilia

ngw;Wf;

nfhz;L jiyefiu Nehf;fp nrd;W Rguh[hTld; Aj;jk; n r a ; J n t w ; w p n g w ; W j d ; i d m j p g u hf t r g h K b R + l ; b f ; nfhz;lhh;. mtUila mtUila k h k d pd ; khkd; Nghjh Aj;jj;jpy;
( Po t t h a)

kuzk; vd;gtis

mile;jhh;. Mdhy; mtUf;F Kd;du; jg;gp Xl cjtpa kidtp kd;dd; trgh jdJ ehl;bd; ,uhzpahf;fpdhh;. x U K i w m t u ; N [ h j p l u ; x U t i u m i o j ; J j d ; D i la MAs; vd;whh;. tp\aj;ij fhyk; vj;jid vdf; Nfl;l gzk; nghOJ nfhLj;J mtUk; me;j ,d;Dk; gd;dpuz;L Mz;Lfs;jhd; mtu; capu; tho;thh; mtDf;F Mapuk; ,ufrpakhf t z q ; fp a NtW mjw;F jhdkhfj; itj;Jf; gpd; VJk; mtu;fs; ju nfhs;sr; jd;Dila khh;fk; mtUila
(

nrhd;dhh;. kuzj;ij vd tho;if
ePupy;

mjd; gpd; mtu; Gj;j gpl;Ff;fis mioj;J mtu;fis khpahijAld; js;spg; Nghl tpdtpdhh;. tbfl;bfis cs;sjh

Kiwia rw;W khw;wpf; nfhz;L;> midtUf;Fk; jz;zPu; Ntz;Lk;
Fbf;Fk;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-320capu; [d;Jf;fs; )> ,Ue;jhy; mit tapw;Wf;Fs; nrd;W kuzk; milahJ

NehahspfSf;F kUj;Jt cjtpfis nra;a ,be;J Ie;J fplf;Fk; Nghjidfis fi l g p b j ; j h y; fl;blq;fisg; fil gpbf;f ,Uf;f GJg;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;> Ntz;Lk; mjpfupj;Jf;

Ntz;Lk;> Ntz;Lk;> cNgh];jh

jpdj;jd;W

cgthrk;

Nghd;wtw;iwf;

MAis

nfhs;s KbAk; vd;wdh;.

mjdhy;

jPgfw;gj;jpy;

,Ue;j

midj;J

Gj;j

gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk; Xt;xU Mz;Lk; %d;W Milfs; jhdk; nra;jhh;. NkYk; NtW ,lq;fspy; ,Ue;j Njuhf;fSf;Fk; Milfs; ,lq;fspy; nfhLj;J Njd; mDg;gpdhh;. ghy; Kg;gj;jp ,uz;L fye;j ghark; nfhLf;fg;gl> ,Ue;j Nghd;w m o f pa ,d;ndhU tpfhuhitAk;
(Anuráráma)

,d;Dk; mWgj;jp ehd;F ,lq;fspy; gy;NtW jhdq;fs; nra;ag;gl;ld. rpbah> ehd;F ];Jhgp> rpbah kw;Wk; gg;gj;jh> Nghjp Mapuk; ,be;j Jhguhkhtpy; kuj;J Myak; gj;J

,lq;fspy;

tpsf;Ffis fl;blq;fis

Vw;wpdhh;. rPuikj;Jk;>

rpl;lyFl;l ty;ypNaw fl;bdhh;. vd;w fuprh Krpyh n`ypfkh

(Cittalakuta)

tpfhuhtpy;

];JhgpfisAk;> k`hty;ypf;Nfhl;lh mJ

tpfhupy; kl;Lk;

( Va l l i y e ra - v ihara)

(Mahavalligotta)

vd;w mDuhkh

my;yhJ vd;w

tpfhuhitAk;
(Heligáma)

k`hfkhtpw;F

mUfpy;

fl;bdhh;. vl;L toq;fp dhh ;. ,lj;jpy; myprhuh

fpuhkj;jpy; mtw;Wf;F

, Ue ; j

mstpyhd

epyq;fisAk;

jp];]thjkdhfh

( T i s s a va d d h a m a n a k a)

vd;w

t p f h u h i tf ; ( M u c e l a - v i h a r a )

fl;bdhh;.

(Alisára) fhy;thapy; ,Ue;J

Xba xU gFjp ePiu me;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-321tpfhuhTf;F vd;w nrq;fy; xJf;fpdhh;. ,Ue;j mq;F tupir fhyk;gj;jpj;jh ];JHghtpd; G+r;R ,d;ndhU jUkhW xU me;j NghyNt ];Jhgp $wp
( G a lam ba t i t t h a)

,lj;jpy;

kPJ Nghl;L

,d;ndhU mij fl;b M a p uk ; ntl;lr; jhdkhff; cNghrjh gf;fk; Nga;

itj;J

gyg;gLj;jpdhh;. msTf;F fuprh nrhd;dhh;. nfhLj;jhh;. tpfhupYk ;> kz;lgk;

cNghrjhitf; ,Ue;jhh;. Fsk;

mq;fpUe;j tpsf;Ffs; midj;Jk; vupe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; vz;izj; mij mJ Jhguhkh fl;bdhh;. gy Nrjk; ehd;F k d ; d dp d ; ];Jhghtpd; mJ jhdq;fs; rka ju msT epyj;jpy; nghpa

tpfhuhTf;F <rurkhdfh Myaj;jpYk;

(Issarasamanaka)

k`htpfhuhtpd; miwfisf; mile;jpUe;j Gduikj;jhh;. mw;Gjkhd kidtpahd topghl;bw;F ngupa nra;J vd;d Vw;ghL

Nkw;Fg; fl;bdh h;.

ghh;j;jpUf;FkhW kioapdhy; vd;w Kw;wj;jpy; epWtpdhh;. ,lj;jpy; mikj;jhs;. g y ; N tW Gj;j fl;blj;ij

fLrhyh Nghjp Gj;ju; xU

(Catussala);

kuj;jbapd; rpiyfis mNj Myak; vLj;J Gj;j ,Ue;jhh;. te;j NjitNah mtu;fSf;F n r a ; j p U e ; j hh ; . md;d fahd;jp
(Vaha)>

Nghj;jh tpoh nra;J

Kbe;jJk;

Nghjidfis mtu;fSf;F juTk;>

gpl;Ff;fSf;F mtw;iwj; nty;yf; ehd;F

ntz;iz

kw;Wk;

fl;bfs; Eio

juTk;

Vw;ghLfs;

thapy;fspYk; NehAw;W czTfs;
(Kolambagamaka)>

ViofSf;F j ug ; g l ; l d . t`h

jhdk; nra;ag;gl;ld. NehahspfSf;fhd
(Cayanti)

,Ue;j gpl;Ff;fSf;F

>

uh[_ghyh

( R a j u p p a l a )>

Nfhyk;gfh`h

k`hepf;ftl;b Nfh`yh

( M a h a n i k k h a v a t t i) > k ` h u N k j p

( M a h a r a m e t t i) >

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-322(Kohãla)>

fhyp

(Káli)>

fk;Gl;b kw;Wk;

(Cambuti),

f j h k h f dh gd;dpuz;L e f u pd ; Ie;J

(Cathamangana)

mf;fpthjkhdfh ngau;fspy; ntl;lg;gl;ld. Rw;wp ,Ugj;jp Rtw;iw e p i y fi s ntl;b

(Aggivaddhamanaka)

vd;w

Fsq;fSk; ghJfhg;ig Kjy; mit kPJ

fhy;tha;fSk; Kd;dpl;L VO efiur; mb cau Fsk;

,Ugj;jp

vOg;gpdhh;. epWtpdhh;. Nghd;w thj;J

fz;fhzpf;Fk; Njhl;lj;jpYk;

muz;kid

g w i t fi s m q ; F t r p f ; f t p l ; l h h ; . efupy; gy ,lq;fspYk; ghjhs nra;J mit nra;J Fspay; %yk; miwfs; fl;b ePu; gw;gy Nghf mjd; tu ey;y mtu;

gf;fj;jpy; Vw;ghLfs; fhupaq;fis Vw;gl;lhYk; ehw;gj;jp

miw

fhy;tha; gy

,Ue;jhh;. jhdhfNt Mz;Lfs;

,g;gbahf tpyfpg; Ml;rp

te;jtDf;F

,ilQ;ry;fs; ehw;gj;jp

ehd;F

nra;J

e h d ; F N t r f h g z ; b i f f i s Ak ; e l j ; j p i tj ; j h h ; . thrghtplk; xU ,Ue;j gaj;jpd; mtisg; Nfl;Lf; fhuzkhf Kd;du;

R g ; g u h [ h j d ; D i l a k f i s f l ; L k hdg ; g z p a p y ; , U e ; j n j h o p y h s p a p lk ; tUkhW Rg;guh[h xg;gilj;J nfhz;L ghJfhg;ghf ,Ue;jhh;. mtUila czT tsu;j;J

thrghtpdhy; te;j me;j

nfhy;yg;gl;lTld; jpdKk;

kfis jd;Dila kfisg; Nghy ghJfhg;ghf tsh;j;J n j h o py h s p f ; F mts;jhd; vLj;J nrd;W te;jhs;. xU ehs; mts; ,ilNa czT VO vLj;J ehl;fshf tUifapy; kaf;fkhf flk;gh fple;j

nrbfSf;F

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-323Jwtp mjdhy; md;W Jwtpf;F KOJk; xUtiuf; mts; fz;L mtUf;F nrd;W czT jd; je;jhs;. tsu;g;G gw;wpf; me;j mur kaf;fk; epidtpy; tPl;bw;Fr; kPz;Lk;

je;ijf;F czT jahupj;Jf; nfhz;LtuNtz;b ,Ue;jJ. jhkjkhf mtd; czT fiye;J te;jjpd; kdk; jUkhW kfpo;e;J $wpdhd;. me;j fhuzj;ijg; Ngha; kW jpdKk; ehs; xU ehs; Nfl;lwpe;j

vOe;jtu; nrd;why;

vd;whtJ

FLk;gk; mtsplk;

,lj;ij

i t j ; j p U f ; F k ; g b $w p a g p d ; , w e ; J t pO e ; j h h ; . trghtpd; me;j fz;L; $wpdh;. Ml;fis ,Ue;j vd;w kfDf;F mts; jpUkzk;
(Rg;guh[htpd;

nra;Ak;
ngz;)

taJ fz;l

te;jJ. me;j gw;wpf; nrhy;yp gzpapy; R g ; g u h [h mts;

ngz;iz k d ; d dp l k ; mtUk; mDg;gpa njhopyhsp kd;ddpd;

fpuhkj;jpdh;

Kfj;jpy; nrd;W mtis nghOJ vd;w

uh[ me;j me;j

Njhuiz tur; mts;

tPRtijf;

ngz;izg; fl;Lkhdg;

mioj;J nrd;W

kd;ddplk;

kfs;

cz;ikiaf;

$wp

jd;dplk; tsu;e;j fijiaj; njhptpf;f kd;du; kfpo;e;J Nghdhh;. mtis jd;Dila kfDf;Nf kzk; nra;tpj;J itj;jhh;. trghtpd; tUlq;fs;
( G o n a r i v e r) ( Ma h ám a n ga l a)

kuzj;jpw;Fg; mDuhjGuj;ij ejpf;Fg; vd;w Njuh mtUila

gpd; Mz;L

mtUila te;jhh;.

kfd; Nfhdh

t q ; f d r p f b ] ; ] f h ( V a n k a n a s i k a t i s s a k a) g j t p V w ; W % d ; W gf;fj;jpy; tpfhuhit kidtp jd;dplk; k`hkl;lh $wp k`hkq;fyh tq;fdrpfb];]fh
(Mahámattá)

fl;bdhh;. capu;

,oe;j

,Ue;jgb

xU

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-324tpfhuhit mtu; kuzk; mile;j ,lj;jpy; mikf;f Njitahd gzj;jpw;F Vw;ghL nra;jhs;. tq;fdrpfb];]fh
( G a j a b a h u k a g a m a n i)

kuzk; vd;w Ml;rp Njuh

m i l e ; j Jk ; m t U i la nra;jhh;. kuzk;

f [g h ` _ f f h k p dp kfd; ,Ugj;jp jhahupd; ,lj;jpy; mikj;J mjw;fhd xU yl;rk; tpfhuhit

,uz;L

Mz;Lfs; mtu; vd;w

jd;Dila mile;j

fl;lisg;gb KJtpfhuh jhahUila fl;Lkhd
(1>00>000)

ngaupy; m t U i la

tpfhuhit jhahh; me;j

t h f ; F W j pi a je;jhs;.

epiwNtw;wpdhh;. ,g;gbahf

nrytpw;fhf gzk;

jhAk; kfDk; Nru;e;Nj fl;bdh;. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; mNj ,lj;jpy; gyuplKk; ,Ue;Jk; ngw;wpUe;j epyj;jpy; ] ; J h g p x d ; i w Ak ; e p u ; k h z p j ; j h h ; . mtu; ehd;F nry;y mij mgA+l;lu FWf;F Fsk; Jhghit EHW thq;fp je;jhh;. mgafpup
(Abhayuttara)

vd;w

];Jhghit

fl;b

thry;fis

mikj;J topiaAk; tpfhuhTf;F ,d;Dk; yl;r

xt;xd;Wf;Fk; mikj;J jhdkhfj; xU Nky;
(100>00>000)

,ilNa ,Ue;jhh;. fl;b G+rp j e ; j hh ; . G+r;R gzj;jpy;

fhkpdpb];]h khupftl;bj; epyq;fis cgNahfj;jpw;F kN`[drhyh mikj;jhh;;. f[gh`_tpd;

( G a m a n i t i s s a - t a n k)

vd;gijf;

gyg;gLj;jpdhh;.

mq;fpUe;j mtUila
hall)

gpl;Ff;fspd; filrp fhy

Ml;rpapy; uKf (Ram uka) tpfhuh vd;gijf; fl;b efupy;
(Mahejasanasala

vd;w

$ l j ; i j Ak ; ;

kuzj;jpw;Fg;

gpd;

mtUila

khkdhh;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-325k `hyf ;f ehfh (Ma h a l l ak a Na ga) vd;gtu; MW Mz;L f s ; Ml;rp vd;w gP[fhk nra;jhh;. vd;w tpfhuhit vd;w jdNtyp; mtu; fpof;;Fg;; gFjpapy; Nr[yhfh
( Dakapasana) (Sejalaka)

tpfhuhitAk;> njw;Fg; tpfhuhit
(Bijagama (Nagadipa

Nfhlghglh gFjpapYk;> Nkw;Fg;
Tanaveli)

jfghrdh gf;fj;jpYk;> , l j ; j py ; vd;w efUf;Fs;

( Dakapasana)

vd;w

ehfjPgrypgg;g[;jh tpfhuhitAk;>

Sálipabbata)

Nuh`dh

efupy;

Njhghydfg;gg;gl;jh >

( T o b b a l a n á ga p ab b a t a ) v d ; w

tpfhuhitAk;

fpup`hypfh (Girihálika) vd;w tpfhuhitAk; Nru;j;J VO tpfhuhf;fis jd;Dila Ml;rp fhyj;jpy; fl;bdhh;. ngUk; kl;LNk nry;yj;ijg; ey;y KbAk;;> Mdhy; ngw;whYk; nra;a %lu;fNsh ,g;gbg;gl;l ey;ytu;fshy; jk;Kila

Nghw;wj;jf;f

fhupaq;fis

Rfj;jpw;fhf NkYk; NkYk; nry;tj;ij milAk; Nguhir n f h z ; L ; j P i k fi s k l ; L N k n r a ; f p d ; w d h ; . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; ,ize;j top Gj;j ‘ gf;ju;fspd; fUzh gd;dpuz;L

Nguhde;jk; Kg;gj;jp

nghq;fpl Ie;jhk;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

kd;dh;fs;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-32636:
k`hyf;f Gjy;thud yq;fhit mtu;

gjp%d; W kd; d u; f s;
kuzj;jpw;Fg; ehd;F Mz;Lfs; Rw;wp tpfhuhit
(M a h á m a n i)

ehfhtpd; ,Ugj;jp

gpd; Ml;rp

mtUila vd;gtu; = nra;jhh;. vOg;gpdhh;. mjd; vd;w ,d;ndhU vd;w g i lj ; j t u ; Fsj;ijAk;

ghbfb];]fhfh tp`huhit
(Gavaratissa)

(Bhatikatissaka)

k`h

Rtu; vd;w

fhtub];]h fl;bdhh;. tpfhuhitAk; tpfhuhitf; Fsj;ijAk; NtWghbd;wp

mikj;J

cgNahfj;jpw;F

k`hkdp fl ; b d h h ; .

gl;bf;fb];]h fl;b Gj;j ud;jfz;lfh

(Bhatikatissa)

Jhguhkhtpy; ,sfpa kdk;

( Ra n d h ak a n da ka)

mikj;jhh;.

gpl;Ff;fSf;Fk;>

g pl ; F z p f S f ; F k ;

epiwa jhdq;fs; nfhLj;jhh;. mtUila Vw;whh;. kuzj;jpw;Fg; G+luhkhtpy; gupr;rak; gpd; mtUila ,Ue;j ,isa Njuh

rNfhjuuhd fdpjjp];]fh (Kanitthatissaka) vd;gtu; gjtp mtu;
(Bhutáráma)

k`hehfhtpw;F

Mdtu;
( Ra t a n ap á s ád a)

vd;gjpdhy; mikj;jhh;. ,d;ndhU

mgafpupapy; ,ujdghrhjhit fl;b> kdpNrhkh

mgafpupia Rw;wp Rtu; vLg;gp nghpa guptdhit mq;F
( M a n i s o m a)

tpfhupy;

guptdhitf; fl;bdhh;. rpbahtpy; xU MyaKk; mijg; Nghy ehfjPghtpy; ,d;ndhU MyaKk; fl;bdhh;. k`htpuh`htpy; f l ;l g ; g l ; L ,Ue;j Rtu;fis ,bj;J

tpl;L me;j ,lj;jpy; gy miwfisf; fl;bdhh;. ehd;F gf;f ghjrhitAk; mq;F fl;bdhh;. jf;\pd tpfhuhtpy;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-327,Ue;j ];Jhghtw;F tY nfhLf;f mijAk; GJg;gpj;jhh;. Nkftdhtpy; ,Ue;J Rtu;fisAk; mfw ;wp mq;F ,Ue;j md;djhdf;$lk; rhiy mikj;jhh;. k`htp`uhtpy;

Rtw;iw ,bj;J mq;fpUe;J j\;\pd tpfhuhTf;Fg; Nghf mikj;jhh;. Gjkuhdtpfhuh kw;Wk;
(Bhutárámavihára)>

uhkNfhdfh

(Ramagonaka)>

ed;jhjp];]h

(Nandatissa) Nghd;w tpfhuhf;fis mikj;jhh;.

fpof;Fg;

gFjpapy;

fq;fuh[p

vd;w

,lj;jpy;

m D y h j p ] ; ] g g ; g j ; j h ( A n u l a t i s s a p a b b a t a) > e p a y b ] ; ] p u h k h
(Niyelatissárama),

gpygpl;btpfhuh

(Pilapitthivihára), kw;Wk;

,uh[k tpfhuh (Rájamahávihára) Nghd;wtw;iwf; fl;bdhh;. Nk Y k ; % d ; W cNghrjhf;fisAk; kz;lyfpupfh fl;b fy;ahdpftpfhuh
(Mandalagirika), (Kalyanikavihára),

kw;Wk;

Jg;gythgpl;b]h fl;bdhh;. mtUila xU tpl;L nghOJ tUl

(Dubbalavápitissa)

Nghd;wtw;iwAk;

kuzj;jpw;Fg; fhyk;

gpd;

mtUila nfhiy Ml;rp gQ;rk;

kfd; nra;J nra;j jiy

F[;[ehfh (Khujjanága) vd;gtu; Ml;rpf;F te;jhh;. mtu; murhz;lhh;. ,isa ,uz;L IEhW
( Ekanálika)

mtiu tUlq;fs; vd;w Gj;j

mtUila v d ; g tu ; nghOJ V f e h y p fh

rNfhjuu;

Fd ;;rehfh

(Kuñchanága)

tpupj;jhba

gpl;Ff;fSf;F

njhlu;e;J jhdq;fis nra;J te;jhh;. Mdhy; kd;dDila =epfh kidtpapd;
( S i r i n á g a)

rNfhjuUk; vd;gtu;

gilj;

jiytUkhd

kd;dDf;F

v j p u h f k h w p j d f ; N f w ; w g i l fi s j a h h ; n r a ; J n f h z ; L
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-328jiy efUf;F te;J kd;dDld; Aj;jk; nra;J mtiuj; Njhw;fbj;J gj;njhd;gJ mofpa mikj;j fl;blkhf ,Ue;j Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpaTld; Mz;Lfs; kd;dd;> khw;wp ,lj;jpd; Mz;L te;jhh;. mike;j mjpy; mDuhjGuj;ij ]Jhgp Ie;J Nghjp kPJ Fil khbf; kuk; nry;y

N t i y g hL f s ;

ntz;rhku ,Ue;J

Nyh`ghrjhit ehd;F

mikj;J>

thapy;fSf;Fk;

gbf;fl;Lf;fs; mikj;jhu;. mit fl;lg;gl;L Kbe;j gpd; m j d ; j p w g ; G t p o ht d ; W j P g f w ; g j ; j p y ; , U e ; j m i d j ; J f ; FLk;gq;fsplk; ,Ue;Jk; ngw;w tupapy; ngUk; mstpy; jhdq;fs; nra;jhh;. =epfhtpd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; mtUila vd;gtu; khw;whky; m tu ; vdf; kfd; Ml;rpg; ,Ugj;jp xUtUf;F f U j p a j hy ;

Nth`upfhb];]h fhyj;ija ,uz;L Vw;gLk; gof;f

( V o h a r ik a t i s s a)

nghWg;ig Vw;hh;. mtu; ePjpAk;> Neh;ikAk; nfhz;L Kd; tof;fq;fis Ml;rp mguhjk; Mz;Lfs; cly; nra;jhh;.

fhaj;ij

mtUf;F me;j ngah; Vw;gl;lJ. Fg;gf;fhkhtpy; Nfl;ltu; Ie;J ,Ue;j ,be;jpUe;j Njuhtpd; Nghjidfisf; rPuikj;jhh;. jhdq;fis kw;Wk; mikj;jhh;. mtu; fl;b

fl;blq;fis epiwa mgafpup $lq;fis

mDuhkhtpy; ,Ue;j Njuh k`hb];]htpd; mwpTiwg;gb krpyg;gl;bdhtpy; nra;jhh;. k`httpfhuhtpy; ,uz;L
(Mucelapatta n a)

Nth`upfhb];]h ,uz;L Md nghpa

m J N g h y f p o f ; F g ; g F j p a p y ; , U e ; j N g h j p M y a j ; j py ; g p j ; j i s a py ; rpiyfis itj;jhh;. vd;gij rl;lghdfghrjh
( S a t t a p a n n a k a p a s a d a)

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-329k`htpfhuhTf;F mgafpup khupftl;b k`pahq;fd kPJ Filfis Gl;lghfh MW Mq;F khjk; Mzpuk; gzk; je;J te;jhh;. tpfhuh> tpfhuh> tpfhuh> mikj;jhh;.
(Puttabhaga)>

j\;\pz%yh Fyypb];]h

(Dakkhinamula)> (Kulalitissa)>

k`hd`b];]h %yehfNrdhgjp tpfhuh> GwKk; <rhurhkdh>

kw;Wk; tpfhuh kupftl;b ehfjPgfh Rtu;fis vd;w

fy;ahdpfhtpy; (Kalyánika) ,Ue;j vl;L Jhghf;fs; jiy ( M u l a n a g a s e n a p a t i - v i h a r a) > tpfhuh> Nghd;w j\;\pd ehd;F

tpfhuhf;fspy; kz;lgq;fisAk; tpsf;Fk; gbf;fg;gl;l Ehy;

vOg;gpdhh;. cNghrhjh gw;wpa vd;w Gdpj

mDuuhkh

(Anurarama)

fl;bdhh;. mupathrkh nghOJ gpl;Ff;fspd;

G d p j u ; f i sg ; ( Ariyavamsa)> jUkq;fs; fld;fis %d;W te;j epWj;jp jiof;fr; jhd

nra;jpfis

nra;ag;gl;d. gz;bifapd; Nfdd; NtLy Gj;j
( Canon)

fld;gl;bUe;j nghOJ tlehl;L
(Vetulya)

milf;f %d;W yl;rk; (3>00>000) nryT nra;jhh;. Ntrfh xt;xU gpl;Ftpw;Fk; Nghjpj;J jLj;J M i l fi s j ; j e ; j h h ; . j d ; D i l a k e ; j p u p a h d f g p y h % y k ; k`hadu; Nghjidfis R+j;jpu rkaj;jpd;

cz;ikahd

Nghjidfis

nra;jhh;. kd;dDila k d ; d dp d ; tpl;ljpdhy; g y ; y j pj ; j h RgNjthtpd; ntl;bdhh;. ,isa rNfhjuuhd ,Ue;j gae;J vd;w mgaehfh fhjy; Ciu vd;gtUf;F njhpe;J Xb nrd;W tpl;L

kidtpAld; capUf;Fg;
( B h a l l a t i t t h a) (Subhadeva)

gw;wp

,lj;jpw;Fr;

tpl;lhh;. mjw;F Kd; Nfhgj;jpdhy; mtUila khkdhd i f fi s A k ; nrd;W fhy;fisAk; nraiyf; khkd; k d ; d dp l k ; me;j

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-330gw;wpf; mtUld; $wpdhh;. $lr; mtuhy; nrd;w FLk;gk;; eha; xd;W gpsTgl;lJ. mtUf;F m g a e h f h j g ; g p X b a n g h O J f g ; g y py ; V w g ; N g h i f a p y ; ,ilQ;riyj; ju mij kpUfj;jdkhf mbj;J tpul;bAk; mJ kPz;Lk; mtd; gpd; nrd;wJ. mij Rl;bf; fhl;btu; jk;Kila g i l a pdh ; me;j ehiag; Nghy jkf;F t p R t h r k h f , U f ; f N t z ; L k ; v d $w pdh h ; . mjd; kuj;ij gpd; mgah jd;Dila mtd; JhJtid gae;J mjpy; kd;ddplk; Xbdhd;. Njhw;W Nghd vl;L

mDg;gp nghOJ RgNjth te;j JhJtd; kPJ xU gid rha;f;f Kay jpUk;gp kd;dd; Xbg; ifg;gw;wp m g a e h f h N f h g k ; m i l e ; J n g U k ; g i l A l d ; t e ; J j dJ rNfhjuUld; jd;Dila mtu; Aj;jk; nra;jhh;. k i dt p A l d ; Jhf;fp kyhahTf;F muirf;

nghOJk; mtiuj; Juj;jpr; nrd;W mtiu nfhd;W tpl;L kidtp te;J tUlq;fs; Mz;lhh;. me;j kd;dDk; Nghjp kuj;ijr; Rw;wp Ntb g h i w fi s

mikj;Jk;> Nyh`ghrjhtpy; $lKk; mikj;jhh;. ,uz;L yl;rk; (2>00>000) nryT nra;J Jzpfs; thq;fp mtw;iw jPgfw;gj;jpy; ,Ue;j gpl;Ff;fSf;F jhdk; nra;jhh;. mgaehfhtpd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; =ehfh II (Sirinága II) vd;gtu; Ml;rpf;F te;jhh;. mtu; mtUila rNfhjudhd jp];]htpd; Nghjp kfd;. ,uz;L tUlq;fs; Ml;rp nra;jtu; kPz;Lk; kuj;ij Rw;wp ,be;jpUe;j Rtu;fis

fl;bdhh;. Nghjp Myaj;ij Rw;wp ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; kzy;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-331Nghl;bUe;j Krpyh
(Hamsavatta)

eil vd;w mtu;

ghijiaAk;
(Mucela-tree)

kPz;Lk; nghpa

rPuikj;jhh;. `k;rtj;jh mtUila vd;gtu; xU kz;lgj;ijAk;

kuj;jpd;

njd;Gwj;jpy; mile;jJk;

tpfhuhitAk;> kuzk;

fl;bdhh;. Gjy;thud

tp[aFkhuh

(Vijaya-Kumaraka)

tUlk; Mz;lhh;. k`pafhdhtpy; r k ; ` Ng h j p
( Go t h a ka b ha y a)

%d;W

yk;gfd;dhf;fs; kw;Wk;

e z ; g u ; f s hf Nfhjfghah Ntiy

,U e ;j d h ;. mtu ;f s p d ; n g a h ; r k ; ` j p ] ;] h ( Sam g h a t i s s a) >
(Samghabodhi)

vd;gJ.

mtu;fs;

kd;ddplk;

nra;a b];]h ejpf; fiu te;J nfhz;L ,Ue;j nghOJ xU FUlu; mtu;fSila eil rg;jj;ijf; Nfl;L ,e;j ehl;il vdf; FUl;L ahUila j U t h h ; ’. ehl;bw;Fr; gpd; mtUk; nrd;w %tUk; kd;dd; tp[ahitf;; Ml;rp nfhd;w nra;J Msg; NghFk; me;j mNj mgah %d;W kd;du;fspd; epd;whh;. vd rg;jk; ,J te;J me;j nrhy;y Nfl;f> $tpdhh;. kdpjd; Ml;rp rg;jj;ij MUlj;ij epw;Fk; gpd;dhy; kPz;Lk; mtu; jpUg;gpr;

nfhz;bUe;j

Nfl;lJk;

epiyj;J

F U l d ; $ w p d h h ; ‘f i l r p a h f n r y ; g t N u e p i y a h d M l ; r p

gilj;

jiytu;

rk;`jp];]hit ehd;F Mz;Lfs;

k d ; d dh f ; f p d h ; .

mDuhjGuj;jpy;

te;jhh;. mtUk; ];Jhghtpy; tz;z uj;jpdq;fs; gjpj;j ntz;rhkuf; Filia epWtp mjd; ehd;F gf;fq;fspYk; ,Ue;j R+upa rpj;jpuj;jpd; kPJ xt;xd;wpd; tpiyAk;; xU yl;rk;
(1>00>000)

vd;w

mstpy;

fw;fisg;

gjpj;jhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-332rl;lh gz;bifapd; nghOJ ehw;gjhapuk; g p l ; F f ; F t p w ; F k ; M W M i l fi a j ; j e ; j h h ; . jhk`yhfhtpy; Nfl;Lf; kfpo;e;J nfhz;L Nghd Njuh k`hNjthtpd; nghOJ ehl;bd; nra;j N g h j i d f i sf; muprp ehd;F cztpy; Eio fQ;rpia

,Ue;j kd;dd;

jahupf;fg;gl;l fQ;rpapd; kfpikg; gw;wp mtu; $w> kdk; thapy;fspYk; muprpapy; tpN\r

vj;jid NjitNah me;j msT nfhLj;jhh;. mbf;fb rhg;gpl Ml;rpahsu;fspd; rpNyhdpd; kidtpfs; gFjpapy; [k;G goq;fisr; ,e;jpa Nkw; tpl

tlf;Fg;

,Ue;J

Jiz fz;lj;jpw;F NghFk; topapy; ,Ue;j ghrpdbghfh
( Pa c i n ad i pa ka)

vd;w mjdhy; goj;jpy;

jPtpw;F mq;fpUe;j xU Kiw

ahj;jpiuia grpdjpgh tp\k; itj;J

nfhz;ldh;. Ngha; me;j

ntWj;Jg;

mij kd;dd; cz;L kuzk; mile;J tpl;lhh;. mjdhy; rk;gNghjpia mgah kd;ddhf KbR+l;bf; nfhz;lhh;. me;j gpbj;J kd;did ,uz;L = rk;gNghjp vd mioj;jdh;. mtu;

G j ; j r k a j ; j p d ; I e ; J n f h s ; i f fi sA k ; j t w h k y ; f i l Mz;Lfs; mtjpAw;w Mz;lhh;. nghOJ Nghf k ` h t pf h u p y ; I e ; J jhDk; khl;Nld; kzp Nghjp vd kuf; rgjk; mtu; ryfh gs;spfis (salaka-house) epWtpdhh;. me;j ehl;bdh; gQ;rj;jpdhy; kio nra;J $lj;jpy; nrd;W mku;e;J nfhz;L kbe;J NghdhYk; rup tuhtpby; mq;fpUe;J kio nfhz;lhh;. fdj;j mLj;j rpy Neuj;jpy;

=yq;fhtpy;

nga;aj;

Jtq;fpAk;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-333vOe;J tutpy;iy. mikj;J MfNt gy ,lq;fspy; ntspNaw;wp tbfhy; k d ; d id Foha;fis jz;zPiu

vOg;gp te;jdh;. xU tpl;L tplr; Xbdh;;. uj;jf;fp xU
( Ra t ak k h i)

Kiw

mtUila

ehl;by;

mtUf;F

vjpuhf jq;fp

Gul;rp ,Ue;j vupj;J

ele;j nghOJ mtu;fisf; nfhy;yhky; tpLjiy nra;J vtUk; nrhy;y vd;W mwpahky; mtu;fs; vz;zpa Gul;rpahsu;fs; jk; ,lj;jpy; ,we;J Nghdtu;fSila cly;fis kf;fis

capNuhL g a k i l eJ

vupf;fpd;whh;

Gul;rpahsu;fs;

vd;w

al;rpzp> me;j

fz;fis

rptg;ghf;f

itj;J mjd; gpd; Neha; jUk; tifapy; xU tpahjpia Cupy; Vw;gLj;jpaJ. nrd;W ghh;j;jhNyh kuzk; Neha; te;jtu;fs; NtW mtu;fSila kuzk; me;j mile;J vd;w ahf;fh vtUldhtJ fz;fisg; tpLthh;fs;. NgrpdhNyh> mtu;fs; mile;jtiu

al;rpzp KOq;fp tpLk;. mijf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l murd; kdk; cile;J Ngha; jd; miwapy; vOe;jpUf;f G+uz nrd;W khl;Nld; vl;L vd cNghrjh mku;e;jpUe;jhh;. me;j ahf;f tpujq;fis mtUila mtuplk; mD\;bj;J me;j ahf;fh me;j ,lj;jpy; tUk;tiu jhd; gf;jpapd; kfpikapdhy;

te;jJ. mJ ahh; vd;W Nfl;ltuplk;> jhd; xU ahf;fh vd;wJ. mjw;F vd;d Ntz;Lk> Vd; jd;Dila kf;fis tpOq;Ffpd;wha;; vdf; Nfl;ltuplk; jdf;F xU khdpyk; KOtjpYk; cs;s kf;fs; Ntz;Lk; vd;wJ. mijj;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-334jd;dhy; xg;Gf; nfhs;s KbahJ vd;wtuplk;> Nguk; Ngrp> jhd; Nfl;ltw;iw xt;xd;whf Fiwj;Jf; nfhz;L xU kdpjidahtJ juNtz;Lk; vd Kbthff; $wpaJ. mg;gb vd;why; rup vd;id vLj;Jf; nfhs; vd kd;dd; $w mij jd;dhy; Vw;f KbahJ vd;wJ ahf;fh. MfNt fpuhkq;fspy; mjw;F ,Ue;J jpdKk; mjd; vy;iyf;F ju te;J Vw;ghL cz;z czTg; nghUl;fisj;

nra;tjhf cWjp nkhop $wpdhh; kd;dd;. mij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l al;rpdpAk; nrd;W tpl;lJ. mjd; gpd; mjdhy; Vw;gl;l gpur;ridAk; KbTf;F te;jJ. kd;dDila
(Gothakabhaya)

nghUshsu; mtUf;F capUf;Fk; iffspy;

Nfhjiga;ah vjpuhf kuzk; xU khwpdhh;. Vw;glf;

vd;gtu; MfNt vd;w vLj;Jf; $lhJ

jd;dhy; KbTld;

ve;j

jdJ

tbfl;bia

nfhz;L njw;Fg;Gw thry; topNa kd;dd; jg;gp Xbdhh;. mtiu topapy; re;jpj;j xU kdpjh; jd;Dila czit mtUf;Fj; mtUf;F vd;gij ju vJTk; mtu; ju mij ,ayhJ Vw;f kWj;jhh;. jd;dhy; Vw;f ele;j czit n f hz ; L vd;gjpdhy; mij

kWj;jhh;. te;jtUk; tplhky; gpbthjk; gpbf;f jhd; ahh; njhptpj;jhh; $wpa jd;Dila kd;dd; gpd; mtu; jiyia r k ; g N g h j; j p . nfhLj;j vLj;Jf; midj;ijAk; mUe;jpaJk;

k d ; d dp l k ; f h l ; b d h y ; m t U f ; F e p i w a g u p R g ; n g h U l ; f s ; fpilf;Fk; vd;whh;. czT mUe;jpaJk; kd;du; kuzk; m i l a m t U i l a j i y i a m e ; j t o pg ; N g h f ; f u ; v L j ; J f ; nfhz;L Ngha; Nfhjigahtplk; fhl;l mtUf;F epiwa
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-335jq;fk; kuzk; kw;Wk; mile;j gytpjkhd gupRf;fis ,Wjpf; mtu; toq;fp kd;dDf;F f l d ; f i sA k ;

nra;ar; nrhd;dhh;. ,g;gbahf ,d;ndhU $ l j ; i j Ak ; gpl;Ff;fis njhle;J mikj;jhh;. mikj;jhh;. nra;ag;gl;l gFjpapy; ,bghLfSld; ghh;f;Fk;gbr; Myaj;ijAk;;> Nk`thdiga;ah k h s p i fi a f ; mikj;jhh;. mioj;J fl;b> jpdKk; muprpapy;
( Meghavannabhaya)

vd;w ngupa Gj;j kw;Wk; $lk;

Nfhjiga;ah gjp%d;W Mz;Lfs; Ml;rp nra;jhh;. mtu; mjd; nra;j thapypy; fQ;rp> Mapuf;fzf;fhd

Milfs; je;J te;jhh;. ,Ugj;jp xd;W ehl;fs; mijj; nra;jhh;. k`htpfhuhtpy; ,d;ndhU Nyhfghjrhtpy; %d;W Eio Jhz;fis GJg;gpj;jhh;. rpd;dq;fis fy;ypy; fy;ypy; Nkw;F gOJ ,Ue;j m k ; g j ; j hy

ehd;F Eio thapy;fspYk; tz;br; rf;fu nra;ag;gl;l rpiyfspYk;> jpahd njw;Fg;Gw

t h a py ; f s p Y k ; thapypy; mikj;jhh;. fl;bdhh;.

r p k ; k h r d j ; i j Ak ; kz;lgk; midj;J k`_d;jh nra;jhh;. Njuh ,Ue;j

j P g f w ; g j ; j py ;

fl;blq;fisAk; J h g k hy h t p y ; ,Ue;j

k l h y a j ; i j A k ; k P z ; L k ; j pw f ; f r ; n r h d ; d h h ; . mJ kl;Lk; ,d;wp Jhguhkhtpy; ,Ue;j kdpNrhkh ,Ue;j tpfhuhtpy; jpwf;fr; vd;w j hk ;

( Ma n i s om a) >

khdpf;ftl;b
( Manisom aram a)>

tpfhuhtpy; j\;\pd kPz;Lk;

kdpNrhkuhkh ,Ue;j Gjpa nrhd;dhh;.

cNghrjhf;fs; tpfhuhitf ; fl;b

Nghd;wtw;iw mjd; jpwg;G

Nkfthdiga;ah

( Me g ha v a n n ab h a ya)

tpohtd;W

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-336mioj;jpUe;j Kg;gjhapuk;
(30>000)

gpl;Ff;fSf;F

MW

MilfSk; je;jhh;. mJ Nghy xt;xU nrhy;yp tUlKk; Gj;j Ntrfh gz;bifiaf; xt;xUtUf;Fk; nfhz;l

nfhz;lhlr; ,Ue;j Gj;j ,Ue;J gpupit

gpl;Ff;fs; khw;Wf;

MW Milfs; jhdk; nra;J te;jhh;. mgafpup tpfhupy; mWgJ gpl;Ff;fs; fUj;Jf; NtLyh Nghjidfis (Vetulya-doctrine) gug;gpf; nfhz;L Nghjidfis klj;ij tpyf;fp Nru;e;j epe;jpj;Jf; tpl;L itj;J rq;fkpj;jh ehL n fhz ; L flj;jp , U e ; j j p d hy ; rKjhaj;jpy; mtu;fshy;
(Cola)

mtu;fis Vw;gl;bUe;j

ntspNaw;wp> tpyf;fpdhh;. Nga;>

Fog;gj;ij cgNahfpj;J

Nfhyh vd;w

(Samghamitta)

gpl;F

ke;jpuq;fis

gprhRfis

Xl;Lgtu;.

mtu; k`htpfhuhTf;F te;J jq;fpa nghOJ mq;fpUe;j g p l ; F f ; f s p l d ; k d] ; j h g k ; V w ; g l ; l J . me;j xOq;fPdkw;w gpl;F Jhguhkhtpy; ele;j

$l;lq;fspy; fye;J nfhz;L rk;gghyhtpy; (Samghapala) ,Ue;j Njuh Nfhjiga;ahitf; Fiwf; $wpf; nfhz;Lk; ,Ue;jhh;. mtu; kd;ddpd; tpUe;jhspahf tpiutpy; khwpdhh;. mtu; tPl;bw;Fk; mbf;fb nry;yj; Jtq;fpdhh;. mtu; kPJ kpFe;j kupahij nfhz;l kd;dd; jd;Dila %j;j mtuplk; %j;jtd; kw;Wk; gapw;rp mtiu ,isa ngw kfd;fshd
(Mahasena)

n[j;jjp];]h vd;gtu;fis gpl;FTk; k d ; d dp d ; kd;ddhfp me;j

( J e t t h a t i s s a)

kw;Wk;

k`hNrdh

mDg;gpdhh;.

, i s a t u p d ; k P J m j p f m f ; f i w f ; n f h z ; L , U e ; j j p d hy ; ntWj;J te;jhd;.
(Jetthatissa)

kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; n[j;jjp];]h

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-337jdf;F nra;jhh;. vjpuhf ,Ue;j k e ; j p u p fi s rt jz;bf;f KbT je;ijapd; Cu;tyj;jpy; j d ; D i la

j e ; i j a p d ; c l i y v L j ; J f ; n f h z ; L ,i s a r N f h j u i d Kd;dhy; ele;J Nghfr;; nrhy;ypa gpd; mtd; gpd;dhy; ke;jpupfs; mzptFj;Jr; nry ; y filrpahf n[j;jjp];]h nrd;whu;. RLfhl;bw;Fr; nrd;W je;ijf;F ,Wjpf; fld;fis nra;J rpijf;F jP %l;baTld; me;j kahdj;jpd; je;ijapd; vd;wg; fjTfisg; rpijiar; ngaiug; fye;J G+l;lr; Rw;wp ngw;whh;. MNyhrid k`hNrdh nrhy;yp tpl;L jdf;F mj;jid ,ilapy; gpl;F v j p u h f , Ue ;j k e ;j p u p f s p d ; j i y f i s r ; r Pt p j d ;D i l a vwpe;jhh;. mjd; n f h L i k a h f m t u ; e l e ; J n f h z ; l j pdh y ; n f h L q ; N f h y d ; k`hNrdhTld; efUf;F nra;jpUe;j

rq;fkpj;jh kd;ddpd; nfhLikiaf; fz;L gaq;J NtW Xbtpl;lhh;. vg;nghOJ gjtpapy; mku;thh; vdf; fhj;J epd;whh;. n[j;jjp];]h mjd; kjpg;G mjd; jd;Dila xU Nfhb je;ij Nyh`ghjrhtpy; Mapw;W.
(Manipasada)

fl;b

Kbf;fhky; tpl;bUe;j VO khbf; fl;blj;ijf; fl;bdhh;.
(1>00>00>000)

mjw;F vd

mWgjhapuk; (60>000) nryT nra;J xU khiyia kd;dd; nfhLf;f Mapw;W. Jhghtpw;F tpiy cau;e;j ,uj;jpdq;fisf; nfhLj;jhh;. Nghjp ku Myaj;jpw;F Ie;J %d;W Eio jq;fp thapy;fis ,Ue;j Gj;j itj;jhh;. gpl;Ff;fSf;F ,lq;fspy; ngau; kdpghlrjh

ghrpdb];]gg;gjh

( P a c i na t i s s a p a b b a t a)

vd;w tpfhuhit mij;Jf; nfhLj;jhh;.
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-338Jhguhkhtpy; mw;Gjkhd ,Ue;j kw;Wk; Njtehk;gpajp];]h fw; rpiyia itj;jhh;. nfhLj;j nra;J rpbagg;g gpd; itj;jpUe;j te;J mJ nghpa MW mij Nghy; tpoh nra;J Milfs; ,g;gbahf tpfhuhtpy; vLj;J

g h r p d b ] ; ] g g ; g j ht p y ; fhykhl;bf;f Ntrfh
(30>000)

F s j ; i j Ak ;

ghrpdb];]gg;gjhTf;Ff; Kg;gjhapuk; nfhLj;jhh;. Gj;j

gz;bif Fsk;

Nghd;wtw;iw ntl;bdhh;.

gpl;Ff;fSf;F

Myk;gfhyh

gy ew; fhupaq;fis nra;jtu; gj;J Mz;Lfs; Mz;lhh;. vj;jid gl;lhYk;> tp\k; nra;gtu; Kiwapy; ey;y Fzk; ngw;wpUe;jhYk;> czT gz;lj;jpy; tpl vj;jid fye;J ey;y nray; tpl;l

fhupaq;fis Nghy>

nra;jpUe;jhYk;> ey;y

Rje;jpukhf

jpj;jpg;ghd Ml;rp

fhupaq;fis ey;y

Neu;ikaw;w fhupaq;fis tpisTfis

nra;J

nfhLikahd gyd;fspd;

, W j p a py ;

m D g t p f ; f K b t j py ; i y . Gdpjupd; kdjpy; gf;jp khh;fj;jpy; Kg;gj;jp ,ize;j top Gj;j gf;ju;fspd; fUzh gjp%d;W ‘

Nguhde;jk;

nghq;fpl Mwhk;;

tFj;j

%u;j;jpapd;

ghfkhd

kd;dh;fs;’ vd;w gFjp KbTw;wJ.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-33937: kd; d d; kN`rd;
n[j;jjp];]htpd; nra;jhh;. kd;dd; gLj;jp nra;jhh;. kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; k`hNrdh Njuh gad; K bT ‘k d ; d h

Ml;rpf;F te;jhh;. mtu; ,Ugj;jp VO tUlq;fs; Ml;rp NtW ehl;bw;F Kd;du; jg;gp XbapUe;j gjtp Njuh Vw;wJk; mtu; mtu; ehk;jhd; me;j mopf;f kd;did kdJf;Fs; $wpdhh; me;j $wp rk;`kpj;jh mtUila gl;lhgpN\fj;jpw;F te;jhh;. me;j k`htpfhuhit k d ; d dp l k ; Mdhy;

k`htpuhfhtpy; jq;fp cs;stu;fs; tpdahf;fis ruptu Nghjpg;gjpy;iy. Kiwahfg; nfLf;fj; EhW gzk; Nghjidfis mtu; kdijf; cs;s kd;dd; Nghjpf;fpd;Nwhk; ’ vdf; Jtq;f ,dp

k`htp`huhtpy; tpjpf;fg;gLk; vd

gpl;Fff;fSf;F vtNuDk; jhdk; nra;jhy; mtu;fs; kPJ mguhjk; mwptpj;jhh;. Mjdhy; kyhah ,g;gbahf fple;jJ. tpLk; vz;zk; vdf; mq;fpUe;j kw;Wk; gpl;Ff;fs; xd;gJ mij tpl;L nrd;W ntspnawp tpl;ldh;. fhypahff; me;j jPa

Nuh`dhTf;Fr;

k`htpuhfh xUtUk; mw;w $wp nfhz;l Njuh

tUlq;fshf khw;wpa

,lk; kd;dDf ;Fr; nrhe;jkhfp kdij mq;fpUe;J fpsk;gpr; nrd;W

k d ; d dp d ;

t p l ; l h h ; . N g h F k ; K d ; k f ; f s ; k d j pY k ; m g ; g b g ; g l ; l j P a v z ; z j ; i j t p i j j ; J t p l ; L ; n r d ; W t pl ; l h h ; . Njuh rk;`kpj;jhtplk; neUf;fkhf ,Ue;j Nrhdh vd;w ke;jpup VO khbf; fl;blkhd Nyh`ghjrhit ntl;fkw;w
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-340g p l ; F f ; f s p d ; J i z N a h L j i u k l ; l k ; M f ; f p d h u ; . m j py ; ,Ue;j tpiy cau;e;j nghUl;fis mgafpup mjdhy; kw;w tpfhuhtpy; vd;whYk; k l j ; j p y; mgafpup klk; ,Ue;jtu;fs; ,Ue;jtu;fSf;Ff; vLj;Jg; fpilj;jJ. Nghapdh;

n g U k ; g h d ; i k a h di t nry;tk; kpf;f tpfhuhthapw;W. fhupaq;fis jd;id

Nrhdh kw;Wk; jPa Njuh nra;J t e ; j hh ; . rpiyia

rk;`kpj;jhtpd; Ngr;irf; Nfl;L ele;j kd;dd; gy jPa mwpahky; ,Ue;J g h r p d b ] ; ] g g ; g j ht p y ; mw;Gjkhd

n f h z ; L t e ; J k P z ; L k ; m g a f p u p t p f h uh t p y ; i t j ; j h h ; . mq;F Gdpj gf;fr; me;j Rtu; Njuh guptdhitAk; fpilj;jJ. Nk`htd;diga;ah kd;dDf;F kd;dd; nfhz;L jq;fpdhh;. mijf; nrd;whh;. Nfl;l kd;dd; jd;Dila gilapdUld; mq;F vjpuhf mopj;J nrd;W
(Meghavannábhaya)

miwf; fl;b> vOg;gpdhh;. mq;F rk;`kpj;jh

Nghjp kuj;ij el;L> ehd;F Ff;Fl;lh Kyk;
(Kukkuta)

vd;w

fl;bdhh;.

mgafpup muR

tpfhuhTf;F kupahijf;

vd;w

mikr;ru;

khwpdhh;. tpl;lhNu mq;F

mtu; vdf; ngUk;

k`htpuh`hit Nfhgkile;J jpul;bf;
( Dúratissaka-tank)

kyhahTf;Fr;

gilia

JhUjp];]fh

Fsj;jUfpy;

kyhahtpy;

,Ue;J

te;jpUe;j

Nk`htd;diga;ah FbAk; Fk;khsKk; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L jd;Dila ez;gdhd kd;dd; jd;Dld; ,Ue;jhy; mij ,d;dKk; mDgtpg;Ngd; vd vz;zpathW ,utpy;
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-341vtUf;Fk; ek;gp jdf;F n j h p a hk y ; czT mtu; v j p u p a hdh h ; kd;did mUe;jpa vd;w mopj;J re;jpj;jhu;. kd;dd; mtu; tptuj;ijf; tpl;lf; mtiu vg;gb Nfl;f mtUld;

k`htpfhuhit

Nfhgj;jpy;jhdd;

jhd; mg;gb nra;jjhf Nk`htd;diga;ah $wpdhh;. jd;id tpl;L kd;dpj;J jd; jiy tpLkhWk; efUf;Fj; nry;yhky; Nrfupf;f jhd; me;j tpfhuhit jhd;

kPz;Lk; GJg;gpf;fpd;Nwd; vdTk; kd;dd; thf;FWjp je;J jpUk;gpdhh;; Gdu; mq;NfNa mtUld; gzpf;Fj; epd;W Nk`htd;diga;ah Njitahdtw;iw tpl;lhh;. v O j ; j h s u ; x U t u p d ; k f S k ; > k d ; d dp d ; k i d t p A k h d t s ; k`htpfhuhit mopj;j Njuh kPJ fLk; Nfhgk; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhs;. mtiu mts; J h g u hk h i t A k ; nfhd;W Vw;ghL tpl mopf;f Vw;ghL Ml;fs; nrd;w nfhd;w Njuh gpd; rk;`kpj;jhit mikr;ru; vLj;Jf; nra;jpUe;jhs;. , i l a py ; fl;bdhh;. ntz;fyr;

nra;jpUe;j fl;blg;

NrhdhitAk; nfhz;L Nghjp te;J

nfhd;wdh;. gy

,jw;F

Nk`htd;diga;ah

gzpf;fhd

nghUl;fis

guptdhf;fisf; mw;Gjkhd

Gj;j gpl;Ff;fs; k Pz;Lk; kd;dd; kPJ ek;gpf;if itf;fj; Jtq;fpdh;;. Myaj;jpy; rpiyfs; nra;agg;gl;L itf;fg;gl;ld. jf;fpduhkhtpy; ey;y ez;gUk;> nfhz;bUe;j k ` h t p f h uh t p y ;
( Da k k h i na r am a)

,Ue;jtUk;> jPa N[jthd tdj;jpy;

k d ; d Ui l a vz;zq;fs; tpfhuhit mJ

Mdhy; ,Ue;j

k d j py ;

Njuh

jp];]h N[hjp

fl;bdhh;.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-342Nghy gyUk; kw;w tpfhuhf;fspy; tpl;L ,Ue;j Rtu;fisAk; vLj;J Jtq;f rpy tpLkhW mtd; gpl;Ff;fis fl;lhag;gLj;jj; ntspNawpdh;.

tpfhuhf;fis

Mdhy;

gpl;Ff;fs; mq;NfNa jq;fp tpl;ldh;. xd;gJ khjq;fs; gy gpl;Ff;fs; gpl;Ff;fs; mij ,y;yhj fUjj; jpUk;gp ,lkhf ,Ue;jJ mfNt jq;fj; gyUk; jpl;lk; $wp

k`htpfhuh. Rtw;iw vLj;J tpl;lhy; ekf;F vd;d vd;W mq;fpUe;j kPz;Lk; Rtw;iw Njuh gy Jtq;fpdh;. Jtq;fpdh;. te;J me;j te;jtu;fspy; gpl;Ff;fs; Mdhy; vLg;gij kPJ k`htpfhuhTf;F vjpu;j;jjpdhy; gy

iftplg;gl;lJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yyhJ me;j gpl;Ff;fs; jp];]htpd; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fisAk; tpjj;jpw;F c z ; i k fi s xUtu;
(jp];]h )

Fwpg;ghf vOg;gpdh;. nfhz;l

Nj[jtdh mtw;iwf; Neu;ikahd

fl;ba Nfl;L

Ml;Nrgk; mwpe;J k d ; d dp d ; mq;fpUe;J

mikr;ru;

vjpu;g;igAk; kPwp me;j Njuhit ntspNaw;wpdhh;. kd;dd; fl;bdhh;. kd;dp`pu mijj; jtpw

tpfhuhitf; NkYk; %d;W

( M a n i h i r a - v i h a r a)

t p f h u h f ; f i sf ; nfhz;l Vuftpy;yh

f l ; b d h h ; . g p u h k z uf s ; ; t z q ; f p a tpfhuhf;fshd Nfhfd;d

flTl;fis

(Gokanna)>

( Erakavilla)> kw;Wk; g pUk;kd; fz ;lyh

( Brahm an Kalanda)

Nghd;w tpfhuhf;fis ,bj;Jj; js;spdhh;. NkYk; kpffhk
(Migagama)

tpfhuh>

>

ffNrdfgg;gj;jh JJNrdggg;gj;jh fl;bdhh;.

( Ga ñ g á s e na ka pa bb a ta)> (Dhátusenapabbata)>

fpof;fpy; Nghd;w

tpfhuhf;fisf;

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-343mtw;iwj; jtpw Jhguhk tpfhuh> `_ygpj;jp (Hulapitthi) tfhuhf;fisAk; fd;dp
(Kalavela)

cj;juh>

mgah

vd;w

ngahpy; af;fh

,uz;L fyNtyh

khlq;fisAk; fl;blq;fis xU Kiw

fl;bdhh;.

,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; xU ];JhghitAk; fl;b gy rPuikj;jhh;. gpl;Ff;fSf;F Mdhy; mtu; vOjg;gl;Ls;s gpl;Ff;fspy; cilfSk; nra;jpUe;j nra;jpfs;

,be;jpUe;j tUlj;jpw;F nfhLf;f jhdq;fs;

c a u ; e ; j r k ; k N j u hf ; f s ; M a p u k ; N g h ; f S f ; F j h d q ; f S k ; Vw;ghL nra;jhh;.

gw;wpa

fpilf;ftpy;iy. e h L n r o p f ; f k d p ` p u h ( M a n i h i r a) > k ` h f k h , ( M a h a g a m a ), r y ;Y h W ( C h a l l u r a) > f h D ( K h a n u) > k ` h k d p ( Ma h am a n i) > Nfhfthjhj; th`dh> ( V e l a ng a v i t t h i) ( Ma h ad a r ag a l la ka) Nghd;w gjpdhW > ( Kokavataand)> jk;kuk;kh> > F k ; g y h f h> (Dhammaramm)> Ntyhq;ftpl;b k`hjuhfy;yfh (Kalapasana) ejpapy; fq;if > uj;jkhyfz;lfh (Tissavaddham anaka) rpuh kw;Wk; Vupfs; (Cira)

jp];]htl;lkhdfh

fhyghrd;dh ntl;bdhh;.

g g ; g j d ; j h v d ; w f hy ; t h i a f ; f l ; b n g U k ; G f o ; n g w ; w h h ; .

,g; g bahf k`htk; r k; ,dpNj Kbe; j J

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

k`htk;rk;; : =yq;fh
jkpopy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gpd;du; khw;wp vOjpaJ

tuyhW

rhe;jpg;gpupah [hu;[; lu;du; kw;Wk; tpy;ypak; fP[u; Nkgpy; N`d]; NghNl

-344vd; ed; w p
,e;j Ehyhrpupauhd n[auhkd; vd;fpd;w ehd; xU Xa;T ngw;w muR muR mjpfhup. 2005 Mk; Mz;L Xa;T ngw;wJk; xU nghOJ vOjj; fijfs; kfhd;fisg; Mrpukq;fSf;fhf KUfg; ,ukz top nkhop ngUkhd; kfup\papd; gyTk; me;j Perera) mku;e;J vd;w kdk; vd;W Nghf;fhf Jtq;fp rhe;jpg;gpupah vd;w Gidg; ngahpy; Md;kPf rk;ke;jg;gl;l fl;Liufis kl;Lk; Ehw;Wf;Fk; gw;wpa gw;wpa Nkw;gl;l fl;Liufs;> %d;W %d;W > vOjpNdd;;. mijj; jtpw

rupj;jpuj;ij Muha;rp

vOjpNdd;;.

,izajsj;jpy; fl;Liufs;

f i j f s ;/f l ;L iu fs ;> vd; nkhop jpU te;j ngah;gpy; ghtd;j nghOJ Neuj;jpy;jhd; %yk; mij

ma;ah ntsp ngupuh xNu

Nghd;w

te;Js;sd.

k`htk;rj;ij

ngau;f;f

re;jh;g;gk;

(Bawantha
kzp Neuk;

%r;rpy; vd;W $lf; $Wk; tpjj;jpy; jpdKk; ehd;F gbj;Jg; vOjpNdd;. vOe;J vg;gb Gj;j vdf;F gbf;fg; gbf;f vd;d mw;Gjk;> vd;d mUik> vd;d mjprak; kiwe;jJ. ejpNghy tu;zpg;gJ gpuhdpd; mtw;Wld; epidT Mapw;W. ? miyayaha; me;j ,jpy; mDgtj;ij mJTk; $l jtWfs; vOjp Kbj;j vdf;F Gupatpy;iy. flypy; rq;fkpj;j

fUizNah cq;fs;

,Ug;gpd;

fUj;Jf;fisAk;

nrj_1945@yahoo.com my;yJ

nrj1945@gmail.com

vd;w ,iza jsj;jpy; vOjpdhy; mij rup nra;a Kay;fpd;Nwd;

20.12.08
CLICK HERE TO VIEW ENGLISH VERSION

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful