3.

Verbe dinamice si statice
In general, numai anumite verbe pot fi folosite la aspectul continuu si acestea se numesc verbe dinamice. Aspectul continuu al unui verb arata ca o actiune este, era sau va fi in desfasurare. Formele verbale progresive (aspectul continuu) se folosesc numai in cazul verbelor dinamice, de miscare, care exprima calitati capabile de schimbare. Nu se spune: "He is being tall" sau "He is resembling his mother" sau "I am wanting spaghetti for dinner". Corect se spune: "He is tall" (El e inalt), "He resembles his mother" (El seamana cu mama lui), "I want spaghetti" (Vreau spaghete). - Verbele dinamice sunt verbele care exprima:
• • • •

o activitate - ask, beg, call, drink, eat, help, learn, listen, etc. o I am begging you. - Te rog. (Te implor.) procese - change, deteriorate, growmature, slow down, widen. o The corn is growing rapidly. - Porumbul este în creştere rapidă. actiuni tranzitive - arrive, die, fall, land, leave, lose o She is leaving tomorrow. - Ea pleaca maine. actiuni momentane - hit, jump, kick, knock, nod, tap o He is jumping around the house - El sare (acum) in jurul caasei.

- Verbele statice folosesc forma simpla (nu cea continuu). Acestea sunt verbele:

de perceptie senzoriala: ache, feel, hurt, itch, see, hear, smell, taste, feel, notice

EXCEPTII: 1. TO SEE : A VEDEA: I see the forest in the distance. ( Vad padurea in departare) A VIZITA: We are seeing London tomorrow. (Noi vizitam Londra maine) A INTALNI( CU PROGRAMARE): I am seeing my dentist on Friday. (Am programare la dentist vineri) A VERIFICA: The mechanic is just seeing the engine of the car. (Mecanicul verifica motorul masinii) A-SI IMAGINA, A AVEA HALUCINATII: You are seeing things, my dear. A CONDUCE ( TO SEE OFF/UP/DOWN/OUT): He is seeing his grandfather off the station now. ( El isi conduce bunicul la gara acum)

A AVEA HALUCINATII: You are hearing things. TO SMELL: STARE PERMANENTA: The perfume I have bought smells nice ( Parfumul pe care l-am cumparat miroase frumos) O ACTIUNE CU UN ANUME SCOP: I’m smelling the perfume to see if it suits me.Este aspra la pipait/atingere) O ACTIUNE CU UN ANUME SCOP ( A PIPAI):I am feeling this pullover to see if it is smooth enough ( Pipai acest pulover ca sa vad daca este destul de moale) 4. recall. guess. suppose. A PRIMI VESTI DESPRE/DE LA: I am hearing interesting things about our new neighbour.consider.Iubesc (ador) fructele. forget. (Gust supa ca sa vad daca mai are nevoie de sare) • verbe care se ferea la activitati mentale – astonish . intend. remember. impress. foresee. ( Judecatorul audiaza martorul) 3. A AUDIA ( TO TRY): The judge is hearing the witness. trust etc. ( Miros parfumul sa vad daca mi se potriveste) 5. EXCEPTII: 1. TO THINK: A CREDE. understand realize.distrust. TO TASTE: STARE PERMANENTA: This soup tastes too salty (Supa aceasta este prea sarata) O ACTIUNE CU UN ANUME SCOP: I’m tasting the soup to see if it needs more salt. expect. recollect. mind. my dear. (Aud soneria ) A-SI IMAGINA. recognize. o I love fruits. (Nu-mi place stofa asta. imagine. . forgive. TO HEAR: A AUZI: I hear the doorbell ringing. believe. find. doubt . A CONSIDERA: I think you are right (Cred ca ai dreptate) A PLANUI: They are thinking about moving house. mean. know.2. think.( Ei se gandesc sasi schimbe locuinta) . TO FEEL: STARE PERMANENTA ( A SE SIMTI LA PIPAIT): I don’t like this cloth. It feels rather coarse.agree.

depend on. hold. A CREDE: I expect that everything will be all right. concern. A SE SUPARA ( to object. A CONSIDERA: We consider our football team the best . TO EXPECT: A SPERA. o My brother owes me a book. like. include. cost. loathe.belong to. appreciate. suit EXCEPTII: 1. stari. displease. TO APPEAR: A PAREA: The woman appears to be frightened (Femeia pare a fi speriata) A APAREA IN PUBLIC: My favourite opera singer is appearing in Traviata tonight. • verbe care exprima dorinta: desire. hate. require. owe. TO CONSIDER: A CREDE. resemble. wish o I want that book now. ( Cantareata mea favorita apare in Traviata diseara) . – Vreau acea carte acum. deserve. love.2. ( Ma gandesc daca sa accept slujba care tocmai mi-a fost oferita) • verbe de posesie . fear.Fratele meu imi datoreaa o carte.(Sper ca va fi totul in ordine) I expect she’ll come later. atitudini: abhor.(Ei asteapta niste prieteni sa vina din strainatate) 3. measure. please. seem. • verbe care exprima sentimente. contain. intend. ( Cred ca ea va veni mai tarziu) A ASTEPTA: They are expecting some friends to come from abroad.differ. etc. detest. ( Noi consideram echipa noastra de fotbal ca fiind cea mai buna) A SE GANDI: I’m considering whether to accept the job I’ve just been offered. weigh. hope. equal. adore. . own. have. possess. look. consist of. be. dislike): She doesn’t mind if her husband comes home late. want. mind. keep. ( Ea nu se supara daca sotul ei vine acasa tarziu) A AVEA GRIJA DE ( look after): At the moment Ann is minding her sick mother.( Momentan Ana are grija de mama ei bolnava) • verbe care se refera la situatii permanente: appear. prefer TO MIND: A DERANJA. dislike.

I'm having my homework done on Wednesday. I have flu. Equals este un verb static si nu poate lua o forma continua. ( Pardesiul ei pare cam uzat/ponosit) A PRIVI: What are you looking at? (La ce te uiti?) A CAUTA: She is looking for her glasses. . Is leaving exprima optiunea si intentia subiectului de a efectua actiunea respectiva.Jane pleaca spre Bucuresti. nu exista optiune sau intentie in acest caz. Se foloseste la aspectul continuu atunci cand are intelesul de "a angaja pe cineva pentru o actiune".2. Sau have se mai foloseste la aspectul continuu atunci cand are sensul de "experienta". You are having a lot of joy with this task.Imaginati-va diferenta de inteles dintre verbele statice si cele dinamice prin prisma intentiei.Verbul to have nu se foloseste niciodata in aspectul continuu atunci cand are sensul de "a suferi de". TO LOOK: A PAREA: Her coat looks rather shabby. Jane is leaving for Bucharest. El are (sufera de) febra. He has a fever. cele statice exprima calitati neintentionate. ( El rasfoieste o revista ca sa gaseasca o poza pe care a vazut-o zilele trecute) De retinut: . . .Doi plus doi este egal cu patru. ( Ea isi cauta ochelarii) A RASFOI: He is looking through a magazine to find a picture he saw the other day.Imi termin tema miercuri.Sufar de (am) gripa. pe cand cele dinamice calitati intentionate.Ai multa bucurie cu treaba asta . . Two plus two equals four. . .

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