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By Daily Mail Reporter
Last updated at 11 :45 NJi on 22nd November 2011
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Dead Sea Scrolls may have been written by mysterious sect
It has been debated for centuries, but scholars think they are one step closer to discovering who wrote The Dead Sea Scrolls. The VAJrld's oldest known biblical documents may have been penned by a sect called the Essenes, according to scholars who studied material discovered in caves at Qumran, in the West Bank. Scholars previously believed the 2,OOO-year-old scrolls vvere written by a Jewish sect from Qumran in the Judean Desert and vvere hidden in the caves around 70AD, when the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem.
Discovery: The research focuses on textiles discovered in Qumran, Israel
But this new research says that all the textiles are made of linen, rather than VAJol,which was the preferred textile used in ancient Israel.
a graduate student at Bar-lian University. Some believe the linen used could have come from people fleeing the Roman army after the fall of Jerusalem in A. Analysis: Orit Shamir and NaamaSukenik looked at the materials of the scrolls discovered in Qumran The pair compared the white-linen textiles found in the caves to other found elsewhere in ancient Israel. Shamir and Sukenik vvere able to focus on the 200 textiles found in the Dead Sea Scroll caves and at Qumran itself.C. and they discovered some parts are being bleached white. Orit Shamir. even though fabrics from the period often have vivid colours. But not everyone agrees with their diagnosis. and that they are in fact responsible for putting the scrolls into caves. curator of organic materials at the Israel Antiquities Authority. Live Science reports. published their research comparing materials in journal Dead Sea Discoveries.century B. 70. and Naama Sukenik. even though wool was the most popular fabric at the time in Israel. .D. They unearthed that every single one of these textiles was made of linen. knowing that these are the only surviving textiles related to the scrolls.
' Shamir said. very. 'Patching is connected with [the] economic situation of the site. important.' . 'They vvere very humble.' 'This is very. they didn't want to vvear colorful textiles. and say the plain material is the clue which gives away the authors of the documents They also found that most of the textiles would have originally been used as clothing. they wanted to use very simple textiles.Detail: The scholars exam ined scrolls. later being cut apart and re-used for other purposes such as bandages and for packing the scrolls into jars. 'They wanted to be different than the Roman world.' Shamir told LiveScience. sim ilar to the one pictured.
based on the archaeological finds at Qumran itself. . if it is a very rich site. were often patched. This suggests that there were few vvomen living at Qumran itself as weaving is connected with men and vvomen. used in a revolt against the Romans. the textiles will not be patched. with vvomen playing a key role in their production. such as at the Cave of Letters.' she said. but spinning was only a done vvomen. discovered in the mldtwentieth by shepherds) Shamir pointed out that textiles found at sites where people were under stress.Debated: Scholars are divided as to who authored the scrolls (pictured is a fragment of the Isaiah scroll· the mostfamous of the DeadSea Scrolls. the team thinks it's unlikely they vvould have been made at the site. where there is little evidence of spindle whorls or loom weights. On the other hand 'if the site is in a very good economic situation. The textiles are of high quality and. She explained that the textiles were likely created at another site in Israel.
.God.Maximar. 22/11/2011 Click to rate __Rating Report abuse I wrote them . • Long_Shanks. who wrote The Dead Sea Scrolls when theywere only found in 1947. massa Italy.meridian.building at the Israel Museum· were reportedly sold for under £10 by the shepherds who found them. Heaven. i placed a comment earlier stating FACTS based on RESEARCH and because it challenges the states accepted version of events i am denied the pleasure of seeing mycomment posted. How come it has been debated for centuries. 22/11/2011 Click to rate __Rating Report abuse whyis it when people comment on articles the dm decides whose comments are published or not. crewe. Their value to scholars is incalculable Comments (23) • • • • Newest Oldest Best rated Worst rated View all excuse me but the fact that they were written by the Essenes has been known for a very long time you reporter must be a bit slow!!!! • gillmahoney. I'm confused. . 22/11/2011 12:13 How about "The existence of the scrolls was known to scholars long before theywere discovered in 1947" . 22/11/2011 Click to rate •• Rating Report abuse This story is almost as old as the scrolls themselves. England. 22/11/2011 Click to rate __Rating Report abuse think it needs explaining to simple souls like me.brigantian king. all this shows is that religeous nuts are abusing their power to ensure a lie is stated as the truth and the truth is shown to be lies. Sorry. 22/11/2011 Click to rate __Rating Report abuse 9 12:54 2 13:03 2 13:03 6 13:08 (0) 13:31 . EU. brigante land. The Sub-Ed who passed this is 'history ignorant' and should have googled it first.
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