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TEXAS A&M ABAQUS/PATRAN USER'S MANUAL

Prof. Paul Roschke Department of Civil Engineering 1 January 2004

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ABAQUS PREPARATION AND EXECUTION (Version 6.3 is currently running) ACCESS TO X-WINDOWS APPLICATIONS VIA A UNIX WORKSTA nON PATRAN (VERSION 8.5) INSTALLATION AND OPERATION NOTES OTHER NOTES nnSMANUAL Sun Workstation to k2 from WERe 024 (Abaqus and Patran) FLOW OF PATRAN AND ABAQUS RUN ON VAXNMS INPUT LISTINGS FOR ABAQUS EXAMPLES SAMPLE PATRAN n SESSION FILES FOR GENERATING FINITE ELEMENT MESHES POST PROCESSING USING ABAQUS POST PRE AND POST PROCESSING USING PATRAN n PLUS PATRAN EXAMPLES TABLE FOR NODAL OUTPUT COLUMNS OF ABAQUS RESULTS WITH PATRAN n

INTRODUCTION
ABAQUS is a large, powerful finite element analysis code for the static, dynamic and especially nonlinear analysis of structural systems. Versions of the code are available at Texas A&M University for the SGI machines (agave, k2, and titan). Its companion code, PATRAN (Version 8.5), is one of the pre-enlinent pre- and post-processing graphics codes, which works in tandem with other analysis codes such as MSCINASTRAN and ABAQUS. While the original programs and documentation with complete description of capabilities are available at Texas A&M, this manual is intended to simplify the input preparation in such a manner that users who are unfamiliar with a large general purpose finite element program can quickly learn to analyze simple to moderately complicated stru~es. The student's primary references beyond this description are titled: ABAQUS User's Manual. ABAQUS Example Problems Manual. ABAQUS Theoretical Manual ABA QUSIPOST Manual, and PATRAN II User's Guide. Copies of the PATRAN manuals are available for checkout (with surrender of a Student Identification Card) at the Help Desk in room 024 ofWERC. Also, for more information see http://www.hks.comJhome.html. and www.patran.com. More information about running jobs on the SGI machines (k2 and titan) and an IBM machine (agave) is available on the web at: http://sc.tamu.edu. Select "Technical Assistance," and then locate the specific manual that you would like to view.
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ABAQUS PREPARATION AND EXECUTION
ABAQUS can be run on the Supercomputer machines "agave," "k2," and "titan." You must request an account from http://sc.tamu.edul (you have to wait overnight to get started after the request). See WERC room 024 for help and computer terminals. When you request an account you also must inform CIS that you need ABAQUS, PATRAN, and scratch disk privileges. If after you receive an account, log on, and still cannot run these codes, have the HELP desk people check to make sure that you have been assigned these privileges.

2 The following instructions will help you in the actual execution of an ABAQUS data file (see other sections below for preparation instructions for an ABAQUS data file) and in sample graphics sessions with PATRAN. Repeated note from above: you must have special user privileges to run ABAQUS and PATRAN. These privileges are assigned to you by the system manager when your usemame and password are created. Also, you should have several special (hidden) files named .login, .profile, and .cshrc in your root directory in order for you to execute ABAQUS and PATRAN efficiently. To begin, prepare the input data to ABAQUS for a specific engineering problem in a file which might have the name: "filename.inp". For example the name might be: euler.inp. (Note that UNIX operating systems are case sensitive). A number of input data files are listed in this manual as examples.

SmaU (Fast) Job Execution with Interactive Execution
To execute your ABAQUS data file named "filename.inp", log onto agave, k2, or titan. It is best to work on the scratch disk to make your runs. Typically, files are stored on the scratch disk for a limited time only. To set up a directory for yourself on the scratch disk type the following: mkdir /tmp/yourusemame where "yourusername'' will be something like "pnr4320. move over to the new directory with the command: cd /tmp/yourusemame The next step is to type in the input data file in thi·s directory. ,. (Note: later on as you have more experience, parts or all of this file can be generated with PATRAN). This step is not shown here ..·
I
II

Once this directory has been created,

Next, type the following command to begin execution qfyour input data file with ABAQUS:
_-' , .v : J

abaqus
The command procedure which has been initiated will ask aseries' of questions. Assuming you are working with an input file named euler.iap (watch case sensitivity) that is located in your current scratch disk directory, the responses should be as follows (for Abaqus version 6.2): Identifier euler [Enter]

Notice that when you tell ABAQUS which data file you want to execute, you do not type "filename.inp", but simply "filename." Also, for simple execution, simply press the [ Enter] or [Return] key in answer to the second question. In the messages that are reported to you after the job is submitted, you will be notified when your job is completed. Clock time for execution of ABAQUS can vary from a few seconds to hours.

Medium and Large Job Execution in Batch Mode
For jobs that require more resources than the interactive job submission quotas allow, submit the job to the Small, Medium, or Large queues ofla or titan as follows: 1. Create a file, here called batchfile.txt that is intended to set up the batch commands to run the input file sbeU.iop. This file will look something like the following:
#QSUB -s Ibin/sh -r samplel -eo
-0

samplel.lis

3 #
echo "\n\t\ cd $TMPDIR

***

cp /tmp/yourusername/sarnplel.inp cp /tmp/yourusernarne/otherfiles

# #

$QSUB REQNAME: $QSUB REQID *** \n" # Make $TMPDIR the current # working directory . .

# Copy into $TMPDIR all needed # input data files

#
abaqus

#

analysis

job=sampleljob /tmp/yourusername

input=samplel

cp sampleljob*

# Save/copy generated data files # into the Itmp/yourusername directory

The above file has two advantages. The disk quota per job is substantially higher than that permitted in the Itmp or /home areas. Second, by operating in the $TMPDIR directory one does not run the risk of inadvertedly deleting old versions of data files generated anew by ABAQUS. It is for that reason that the above script explicitly first copies in the input files and, at completions, copies out the output files. 2. Run the file batchfile.txt described above and send it to the small batch queue by means of the following command: qsub -q small batchfile.1xt To check on status of execution use the qstat and qjobs commands.

Output from ABAQUS
After your job executes to completion (or bombs out), the files from ABAQUS will appear in your current directory under the names: filename. com filename.dat :filename.fiJ filename.msg filename. res Echo of command procedure used to start the run. (Delete this file) Alphanumeric output file. (Your answers). Contains plot files needed by PA'fRAN and postprocessing. Log of the job parameters for the k2 or titan. (Delete this file) Restart file used for post-processing

To look at the numerical output file, one option is to edit the file with: nedit filename. dat

If your output does not appear to be satisfactory, you may need to edit the input data file and run ABAQUS again. If the output is ok, then you may obtain a printed output (133 columns) of the output. by typing (for this example the default printer, which is in WERC, is used -- although you could specify a different printer):
$ XPRINT/QUE
= QMSWCC

filename. OAT filename. OAT

(This gives portrait formatted text) (This gives landscape formatted text)

or
$ PRINT/QUE = QMSWCC

ACCESS TO X-WINDOWS APPLICATIONS VIA A UNIX WORKSTATION

"k2.login that is in your root directory. This is done using the CLATh4 system. 3.tamu. 3. This is the highest version of Abaqus that Patran 2000 supports. 2. After adding these lines to the . If you have problems.8 is run from within Patran. go to a help desk such as in room 024 in the basement ofWERC.' PATRAN <Version 2000) INSTALLATION AND OPERATION NOTES Patran (Version 2000) is available for execution on the SGI computers (a.4 1. setenv setenv setenv setenv setenv PATH $ {PATH} :/usrllocallmsc85lbin PATH $ {PATH} :/usr/local/msc85/viewer50Ibin TMP Itmp MSCP _ABAQUS _ SCRATCHDIR Itmp MSCP _ABAQUS _CMD abaqus58 The last line ensures that Abaqus version 5. Obtain a Unix account on the campus network. There are several ways to execute Patran from remote machines. I. Then type the following command on k2: setenv DISPLAY machine name:O. Patran can be executed by the following: 1.a. get an x-windows session started. At the prompt. After setting the software up on both machines as described above. Log onto a UNIX workstation and note the network node name given to that workstation. Start a window and telnet to another machine such as 'k2. you might check the following: 1) make sure your personal WmXP firewall is not enabled (advanced tab of network connection properties) . x: Win Emulation Software To execute Abaqus CAENiewer or Patran 2000 some preparation is required if you are using X-Win x-windows emulation software on a PC. First. move to the 'k2' or 'titan' machine and edit a hidden file named . Move to the directory you want to work in. 2. At this point the display variables can be set up by using the command 'xhost +' on the local (PC) machine.k.tamu.edu").login file you need to log off of the host machine (k2 or titan) and log back on. if you are using X-Win32 on a Windows PC operating system and are having problems with sudden errors and closing of your session.e.edu" and "titan.O where 'machine_name' is the hostname of the local (PC) machine. type the following: p2000 Alternatively. Start X-Win and log onto k2.

and "Invert Colors" to avoid using lots of toner or ink for a dark background color. Move to the directory you want to work in. The terminal window is opened from the "Application Manager" window and then "File" and "Open Terminal.edu. First. 5. from agave. 7.).. as well as analysis is carried out wholly within Patran.5 2) make sure McAfee virus scanner is not running . and analysis) appear to be seamless. Start ExceedW and log onto k2." 6. Paste in the image in the Paint application by using the "Edit" menu and "Paste.tamu. Note that with Patran (Version 8. setenv PATII ${PATH}:/usrIl0ca1/msc85Ibin setenv PATH ${PA TH} :/usrllocallmsc/viewer50lbin To execute Patran for an ExceedW x-windows emulator carry out the following: 2. one of the simplet approaches for a Windows-based PC that is running X-windows emulation to k2 or titan is as follows: 1. Use the "Image" menu. Even Abaqus is run in the background and the 3 modules (pre. 3. move to the 'k2' machine and edit a hidden file named . Especially helpful to new users are Part 1 (see "Guided Tour for New Users") and Part 10 Example Problems. get an x-windows session started. start an X-windows session with the machine that is running Patran.e. be sure that you are in your 'home' directory. 2. 4.(right-click on the task bar icon and find disable or go to the control panel) If# 2 above does not work. I. OTHER NOTES: . 3. Go to a Microsoft windows machine. Press [Alt] [print screen] simultaneously. post. This is easily accomplished by typing 'cd' after you have a terminal window open. 3. Accessories." ExceedW Emulation Software To execute this code some preparation is required if you are using Hummingbird's ExceedW x-windows emulator. Open Microsoft Paint. Also. At the prompt. etc. try uninstalling the virus scanner and reinstalling X-Win and try it again. (If necessary: Start.Iogin that is in your root directory.5) all pre. The entire set of user manuals is available through the "Help" (Document Library) menu in Patran. Bring up an image of something you would like to print out from the screen. Print out the image to a printer attached to the PC or on a network printer.and post-processing.. type the following: p2000 4. Programs. Graphics Output with Patran Although there are several ways to obtain hardcopy output from Patran.

there is an X-Window based documentation facility. but change the following line to be {l) "blank" or (2) specify an element set. (It requires the setting of the DISPLAY environment var on the machine you run ABAQUS: k2. html#pgfId=6141. by name. In a nutshell. edufsgiuserguide/U serGuide. etc.3 enables 4) The abaqus6. typically a few days) and you should keep strategic files in your regular account directories. The automatic compression adds a . Suggestions from the Supercomputer staff (December 2000): You may want to look into the following 1) The "Getting Started items: manual with ABAQUS/Standard" 2) Starting with the latest release (6.e. 4. HKS is pushing it hard. 6. titan.11. 3.tamu.gz to the end of the file name. 3) The abaqus6. To uncompress this type of a file type gunzip filename.3 of the Abaqus User's Manual. agave. for output on the *EL PRINT record. just installed). Remember that SCRATCH disk space is volatile (i. accessible with the abaqus6. ABAQUS is a big program and creates large output files which eat up your storage space allotment.d. 4) The CAE ABAQUS product "may" provide an acceptable to PATRAN. access to your local machine. the command to that on the local machine is xhost +titan.6 1. alternative fetch job=job-name to ready ABAQUS [ input=exarnple# example files. ] access See documentation. On the k2 and titan machines. The documentation available is rather complete. 2. include the *EL PRINT record. say. Purge these excess files frequently. To control output. . you must allow the ABAQUS server. To conserve your disk space allocation. If the local host is UNIX based.8 version files to 6.edu).1. titan. files are compressed after being inactive for a period of time. If you remove the *EL PRINT record from your . 5.3.INP file you obtain the default. goes away after a time. To control the size of output files note the WARNING in Section 10. tamu.3 doc command.1 converts 58to61 job=new-file input=old-file See documentation. the default is to print all stress and strain components. it is usually best to work on the scratch disk! ! See: http://sc. In addition. 5.

Weisenbaker 048) The color plot can be picked up from the Graphics lab near the west entrance to the Teague building. Be sure to have a path set in your . Close the Patran window. After you select the area to be printed. Logout of the second window using exit and then logout of the Sun workstation. Teague building. Note: color printer access is now restricted. Go to a Sun SparcStation in room 024 of WERC and select 'Terminator' from a list of machines (by clicking on the list of choices). blue color. . In order to save on printer toner. This will allow you to login to the 'terminator' machine and open x-windows sessions. black color. Start Patran or some other graphics package. Then wait momentarily until a prompt reappears in the second window. Note: there is no going back.r- 3. white color. At the prompt type in the 'second' window type: import figl.ps' to a postscript file that is to be created and will contain the image of Pat ran that you want. on the 'terminator' by typing: 0 patran or Iyr' (for Patran Versio~}) A large PATRAN window should appear in a new window. lift up on the left mouse button. You need to set up an account by contacting Ms. 2. black etc. for details) %s- ~. These graphically oriented machines enable X-window communication with the Terminator (SGl) machine. 1. axtext. blue color. (see Patran manuals. what you request is what goes in the file. 5.SUN Workstation to Terminator from WERe 024 Abaqus and Patran (Help desk: 862-4206) The following description applies to the SUN workstations located in Room 048 in the basement of Weisenbaker Engineering Research Center. to obtain an image that you want to send to the color printer. Request a hardcopy of the postscript file that was output above by the command: xprint -dexrxps -f 1111 -p figl. phone 845-7223). Move the mouse to the new window and use appropriate PATRAN commands. triangle. 6.ps which gives an arbitrary name of 'figl.ps (black+white . Move the cursor into the Patran window and use the left mouse button to mark out a box that will contain the image that you want to plot. enter PATRAN commands that change the background color and some of the important white objects to some other color: color. Note that the cross-hairs of the cursor take on a different shape. Move to the x. levels.term window that is not controlling the Patran window (basically the 'second' xterm window) and position it so as not to interfere with the PATRAN image that you want to obtain a hardcopy of. There is a 'real money' charge for color output. sbox. such as ABAQUS POST. Mary Ann Kornegay (room 107. background. volume 1.ps (color at Teague buidling) xprint -dqmswcc -f 1111 -p figl. You can open multiple x-windows sessions simultaneously. etc.cshrc file on terminator that points to lusrllocaVImageMagick 4.

-~----- DAT ---.-Io \ .INiSRfPrC.MODl:1.1\l ~U.) S. [RETURN] (Take defaults) 16. 6 (StopPATRANll) c.--------' 13. Ie . . Choose 1 to use PATABA to translate 11.. [RETURN] (Take defaults) 15.' I'EuLER_ STP4-2. PLATE1) 7. DIS I ) 1. this is the correct file) '-----.OUT file) 12.PLT ~ \ .{~:~~~!~"--f_ ~~~i (~l. Wish to output Phase-I data? Type N 8. \~~_~~o 1 NOD \. Choose 1 (Entire model) :.. Choose 2 (To ABAQUS)o?-{ RETIA RI'l. .elPi) 0 N ~ HA~c()l"t 0t.--~ A"Bt\ <:y lAS fULFRII L6I2_Al'H\t:: ) F\ L ~_--I (c:.. I 2. I fROM A'Bttc~>\.J 10.. Choose 4 (ABAQUS) 9. . Y (Yes. 4.IJ Choose 1 (Create output) / I~+\f'~ • 5. Linear (This option may vary) 14./ 3. 6 (End PATABA translator) 17.!-f_. H'P~L.\S .-.g.F' - . • [ 'f~Ln_ ~ 2 T i./ 6. Start PATRAN n Choose 5 (Interface) Choose 1 (Neutral) SEI) ~flf'Z. D~ " • fTC.PATR!\N. Give an arbitrary .IVI""A. [RETURN] (Use latest PATRAN. (e..

.) ~ RP SHO?{ ~FAULT iW8w~ TYPEfi/e ~~t~~ PRO~c~ <.\ Fr u: \/o.' \ .. Ph.. /' lo..4SSv.J..sswo1 Ipwd ..:.~~l~l~ r"...\1\1\ u+x -J.n. \ CTRL/C CTRL/D alias rmfile rmdir file name meaning dirname ~ ~ rm -i file ~: -1 _{ .!!2. 3·-lo~ DEI-F/E DiREr-10K.tJfP-r. ~. YAlf-J . L I_ ~ - =zz II f .(T}. COM (file) ~JrlOiJDiSr-5~'~ {'#f'lN:'7= LF-F={ fiLE lnOTJE fJ~6Tz. .' fiLES 41-1D JJ..5Ha~j .$£R... "_r. 0.R Y/FULL HELP topic HELP command LOGOUT MAIL PRINT/QUEUE=queue RENAMEfilel file2 RUN [dirnameJprogram SEARCH file string SET DEFAULT dirname file S~~tC A~p~~~~~ ~ ~ apropos logout topic man command rna i 1 to read messages. \.. or mail user to send mail lpr -Pprinter file mv file} file2 path/program grep expression file cd dirname j')o.o. not typedahead commands) CTRL/C' ~ ~ ~ ~ .)N-) ~cJ l\'I~~ . -A L tit:" IOL IN P.r ): .".. C-.1\~' U-t I.~ lJ m17~~ - t<HN ~ ~ CONI {\:\F~.'.?.\-.login LOGIN. +HL .k-:~-:"O·R·~1 r7:i:8_r r. DIRECTORY ))IRg(~J:Q. SHOW USERS TYPE/P AGE file who cat file more file * (wildcard) % (wildcard) * ? . {. VMS Command CTRL/U or CTRL/X ULTRIX Equivalent CTRL/U (erases the current command only. -r 1)pl~tAW\e. CTRL/W CTRL/Y or CTRLlC CTRL/Z DEFINE name meaning DELETEfi/e DELETE/CONFIRM .. .~~. £"r1'iilA$' ~w./p.':'\.r:TOP:Y Sn..

5-1 TO 25. KINC.JLTYP) INCLUDE 'ABA_PARlIM. 1. E *NODE FILE U RF AND 25. WRITE.15 BEAM. 0. DEll SECTION=RECT. V. LAYER. 0. 1 KSPT. TIME. 0. ** SEE ABAQUS USER MANUAL. 0. COORDS. SUBROUTINE DLOAD (F.JD ABAQUS INPUT FILE CANTBEAM. 0./2vY1 . O.ECHO=NO ** The next line if for use with ABAQUS *RESTART. 5. ELSET=BEAM.8. 1 *ELEMENT.2.0. 2 ~~L~EN.- T I~ x. AME=Al *ELASTIC 2. t l.0) RETURN END ?--C_OA<\PU:T1~JPAt>. PXNU *EL FILE. 0. 10. O. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S.INP *HEADING cantilever Beam with Varying Distributed **PREPRINT.IlCR1lINI\I'f" OF THE COORDS(3) THE VARIABLE TO BE DEFINED IS 'F' WHICH IS THE MAGNITUDE DISTRIBUTED LOAD.8. 23.0 * «10. 0.2. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S.0 6..2~m . 5._A-Tf\ 6\VEf.0. NOEL. ELSEtT=BEAM *BEAM SECTION.0 .12 1.L~ . F = 3000.2. INC DIMENSION TIME(2).5-3 ** Note: Fortran statements begin beyond column 7 and continuations ** are located in column 6.0. UNITS ARE FL-1 FOR A LINE LOAD.4.J X O.r~ G. NPT.5 c C C C C *END STEP *USER SUBROUTINES ** See Abaqus User Manual.COORDS(3» / 10. TYPE=B33 1.HISTORY=NO.0. KSTEP. E *EL PRINT.MODEL=NO. V.0 *NGEN 1.0.0.24. PGS. PAGES 25. *MATERIAL. 0. FREQ=l *NODE 1. MATERIAL=A1 I---~I Load and User Subroutine POST 1y r---I----. 6.

..JJ.0.IJ.INP (For ABAQUS Version 6. *RESTART. E *EL PRINT. WRITE._N01'!i_.0.U lOa.2. I .:: . 0.0.HISTORY~YES.r. 23.--- 115 :::... 0._.1. MATERIAL=Al 0. 10.)) IY lJ 1 .0.ECHO=YES ** Prepared for Abaqus Version 6..2 '1-1 ~1I NI1Vl~ (/.ll \J N : o. ELSET=BEAM..ABAQUS INPUT FILE CANTBEAM2. ELSET=BEAM 1..12 1.2 *NGEN / . PXNU *EL FILE.0 *MAT ERIAL.0.0. 2 TYPE=B31 O. Pg.0 d m:::: }. 0. 1. 6 (( *STEP kt"'=l~-______'. E *NODE FILE 1 'Errfor<:rRJ\N r~ rNf M U RF *NODE PRINT U RF *END STEP _r.12tv\ *ELGEN.\t.Ul .0. 1.rr-il~..0 6.1) *HEADING Cantilever Beam with Varying Distributed Load and User Subroutine **PREPRINT.tAst. 1. NAME= *ELASTIC 2. 5 *BEAM SECTION.~. 1 J *ELEMENT..1. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S.. v6.24..0Ell *BOUNDARY 6. FREQ=1 *NODE 1. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S.0.()lCITNF_ON~ ". [oJ a5 .MODEL=YES.b"1)lAs _ co.. 0. 0.5 BEAM. [(3000N){(~~llroW\ 3 O. 1 *STAT I "j) :! *DLOA':: 'S'AE.0.1'>** SEE ABAQUS USER MANUAL. Ltse'f:: c~~t~M'_ V\f bea"W) 2... SECTION=RECT.R.03b2W\ I s. 'R~I 1. )~'4eLfWIIf) -::: A"5A~~~ ty:E clJ.. 6...

1. KINC.2.oOg_j)INA-1F . page 3. F = 3000.-. 3.5-1.1.5. LAYER.t\~ C C C DIMENSION TIME(2). TIME. NPT.1) C C C C C C USER SUBROUTINE See Abaqus User Manual.2. JLTYP. 5._-FOR :t. 1 KSPT. Pgs.CANTBEAM2.1-1 and 3. ~ l~ caDE.f 1 (FORTRAN Subroutine for ABAQUS Version 6. UNITS ARE FL-1 FOR A LINE LOAD. 5. See older Abaqus User Manual. Vol.1-1 and 23. 7.2. Also.TIj_N.7 SUBROUTINE DLOAD (F.1. KSTEP. SNAME) INCLUDE 'ABA_PARAM. Version 6. COORDS(3) CHARACTER*80 SNAME THE VARIABLE TO BE DEFINED IS 'F' WHICH IS THE MAGNITUDE DISTRIBUTED LOAD.1. 3.0) RETURN END OF THE ! ~_c.2.5. pages 23.1-4.INP (Continued) (0 b I cantbeam2load.2.0 * «10.INC' r J:\iLnWS.1.0 . see Vol. NOEL.COORDS(3» / 10. COORDS.11.

.1.~l. Pg. 0.INP (For ABAQUS Version 6.6 *SlEP *STATIC ** Specify a static load. POSmON=NODES S.8-6 *EL FILE. 0.0Ell ** Clamp the left end of the beam.3.ABAQUS INPUT FILE CANTBEAM3. Pg. 5.9-1 ** Request displacement and reaction forces at each node 3 's- __ -V X. 6.. SECTION=RECT. 3. MATERIAL=Al 0. 1.0.3. *RESTART...12 0.E SF *EL PRINT. HISTORY=YES.0. MODEL=YES.1. WRITE. ELSET=BEAM.1 *ELEMENT.0 6.1. cAL 1 GLOB4L.0 ** See Abaqus User Manual.M_ /0 U RF *NODEPRINT U RF *END STEP . 1. ** Next Line: See Abaqus User Manual.18-1 *CLOAD ** SEE ABAQUS USER MANUAL. 0.2) *HEADING Cantilever Beam with Single Concentrated Transverse Load **PREPRINT. v6.ELSET=BE~ 1.. FREQ=1 *NODE 1.0. 15. strain.0.2. and section forces at each node for each element. ECHO=YES ** Prepared for Abaqus Version 6.1.2 *ELGEN.24..E SF *NODEFILE ** See Abaqus Keywords Manual.0. Pg.0. N~=Al *ELASTIC 2. 0- iLoCAL- *NGEN ~~----------------------~ 1. 14. v6. v6.6.DB. S. -0- .::z~~ '- 2 . Pg. 10. *BOUNDARY 1.5 *BEAM SECTION. 0. TYPE=B31 1. -.0 ** Use material with steel properties *MATERIAL.0.1. v6.0.0.0 ~'i . POSmON=NODES ** Request stress.2-2 ** Apply a unit concentrated load in the global3-direction ** at node 6 (right end of the beam).1.

0. 1. TYPE=ISO 0.0. 3. 2 *STEP *STATIC APPLY ***** *CLOAD 8. 0. 5.330. 0. 2. 1000.0. 3.330. POSITION= AVERAGED S. 0. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC.0 40. *MAT ERIAL . 0. 3. 2.E *EL PRINT. 4.1 ELSET=BEAM / 2. 4.0 1. MATERIAL=STEEL. 2. 0. 0. 0.0.0. 2. 0.0 7. 2.E *NODE FILE RF CF *END STEP iJOm .0. 26. 7. 0. 2. 0.0El1. 1 *SOLID SECTION. ** ELEMENT THICKNESS: 0. 2 5.670. ELSET = BEAM. 0.INP irHEADING BEAM BENDING ir** irNODE 1/20/94 EXAMPLE USING CPS3 TRIANGULAR ELEMENT 1. 4.0. 0. 6.0. 1. 2.0.0. 1. POSITION = AVERAGED S.670. 2. 0. 5.0 CONCENTRATED NODAL LOADING AT NODES AT NODES U *EL FILE.0 13. 40. 6.0 6.0. 13.3 *BOUNDARY 1.i ABAQUS INPUT FILE CPSlBEAM. 3. 3.0. *ELEMENT. ELSET=BEAM. 2. 4. ELSET=BEAM -.0 5. 2. 5 6 6 7 7 8 TYPE=CPS3.0 26.0.0 8.

0 18. 1 *NGEN 29.0 ~ k[ ~k(lklkl 29.0 At'VAL S.6.0.35.12 2.32 10. 0.0.INP *HEADING COMPOSITE BEAM ** COMPOSITE CANTILEVE" BEAM WITH UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED ** BY OSCAR SERNA/Prof. 4. 0.24.39. 0. 1. LAMINA.0.22.03E6 *ORIENTATION.22. 2. 9. TYPE = S8R5. 3.0.9. 4. 2. 0.03E6.26. 18. 17.0E6. 0. 24.0.22. Z 0.32. 5. 1.0.0.16.0. 0. 11.21.0.14.0 2. 20. 0. 1994 *NODE 1. ELSET = ALL. ~~======~~ \ / " I . 0. 1. 45.33. 3.40.14 4..13.17.1<------10 il'l. LAMINA.13 3. 3.30 8. 0. E: 12.15 5. Z *MATERIAL.7.03E6.0. 0. 3.0 17..20. 26.25.01. .18. COMPOSITE 0. 0. 10.0.. 10.0.30.0 28.5.t=C.15.0 *NGEN 1.43.01.0. 0 ~ ~TfrT1 tnt Is -2ER. 1 *NGEN 18.27.30E6..33 *SHELL SECTION. 1.0 34.0.34.45.0 35.41.37.31. 0. Raschke January.0 11..19. 1 *NGEN 12.0 .4.42.&" I I ie.29 7. LAMINA. -----. 10.21. 0.0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE ) COMPBEAM.0. 1 ~s ** ~"I @ ** ELEMENT DEFINITIONS t *ELEMENT. 7.T~VC wI'. 1 *NGEN 35.3. x-<. SYSTEM = RC. 1.3.44.0.O ** ** LOAD CASE 200 *STEP LOAD CASE 200 LOAD. 3.1~L 45. TYPE = LAMINA 20. 34. 1. 28.28. 10.28. ELSET ALL 1.0.0. 0. 1.41.26.39. 0.2.23.25. 0. Z 0. 22..20. NAME = LAMINA *ELASTIC.24.0.38.26.8. 1. 0.20.01.27.11. NAME = Z 1.0.19. 3.0. 0.10.0.31 9..37. 0. O. 10.43.36. 0.!.23.16 6.24. 0. 0. 0.0.

4. .0 12. 3. . 4.025 6. 0. 0. . . 0. OP = NEW 1. . 0.025 7. 0. 0.0 18. -0. 0. S E *NODE U FILE. . 5.0 1.0 18. 2. 6. -0. 1.025 5. . . 1. 6. .0 35. . 29. .0 29. -0. 3. 1. .025 *BOUNDARY. .0 18. 3. 1. P.0 35. 0. 0. 4.13 *STATIC *DLOAD. 0. 2.0 29. 0. 2. P.0 35. \ __". P. POSITION = AVERAGED AT NODES S E *EL PRINT. 0. 0. OP NEW 1. P. . 4. POSITION = AVERAGED AT NODES . 6. . 3. P. 0.0 29. .0 1. 1. . . 5.0 18.0 35. 2. 0. . . 2.025 9. GLOBAL PRINT. .0 35. -0.0 1. . 6.0 12. 0. GLOBAL = YES *NODE U = YES *END STEP . 0. . 0.0 18. D o I' OK)CH~.0 29. 3.0 O.0 *EL FILE. 5.0 35. -0. 5.0 1. P. -0.0 29. 0. . 0.0 12. 0.025 2. 5.0 12. 0. P.0 12.0 18. 6. 0. . .0 1. P. -0. 0. . . 0. 4.025 3. 0. 0.025 4. 0.025 8. 0. P. P. -0. 1 hCf23/N.0 12. -0. 0.025 10. -0.

1.~ ~ o. J- Sec. 1 *ELEMENT. 6 1. ELSET=COLUMN 1. MATERIAL=FIBERGLA *MATERIAL. 6 3 COMPOSITE = 0. 2 TYPE=B33 *ELGEN. 3.0.0. 0. Se~ 9.24. NLGEOM ** See ABAQUS User Manual.12 1. 1. 0. 0. -25000. *NGEN 1. *BOUNDARY I.0 SECTION=RECT. 2 1.0 0.-:=:-"S\AB5fAc.0..5 *FREQUENCY ~r 6ENSOLVtR. 0. 0. 10. 0. 6.INP *HEADING Pinned Column with Axial Load and Dynamic COLUMVIB. 1. 6.2~h>\ b 7 *END STEP ********************** *STEP. 6.0.73EI0 *DENSITY ** (Units are kg/m~3) 1149.~ 6 j -t: / .INP ** *NODE 1.'~l~ F\"BERElLAs M -~S\\i::: II'~~ kjJM3 *EL PRINT.3.0 *DAMPING.2.0 3 \0 Y'I\ **************************** *STEP ** See ABAQUS User Manual. S POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES PeR ~ 5~J<i:OO N- o *END STEP ******************** *STEP.ILf ABAQUS INPUT FILE COLUMVIB. 0.0 Frequency. ELSET=COLUMN.1 __ A-%R. 0. 5 *BEAM SECTION.12m T -'-/ 2- / 7J. 9.1 O.0. *STATIC *CLOAD I. NLGEOM . 6. NAME=FIBERGLA *ELASTIC 1.0.

AT NODES *END STEP *************************** *STEP. POSITION=AVERAGED I.0 *END STEP . NLGEOM *FREQUENCY *END STEP ***************************** *STEP. NLGEOM *STATIC *CLOAD **EL PRINT. -50000. NLGEOM *STATIC *CLOAD S *EL PRINT. 3.*FREQUENCY 6 *END STEP ****************************** *STEP. 3. -57000. NLGEOM *FREQUENCY 6 6 1. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES *END STEP ******************************** *STEP.

.

MASTER=TOPS CFS. *OUTPUT. CSTRESS. CDISP CFN. *OUTPUT. U. CONTACT=YES *OUTPUT. SLAVE=BOTS. *PRINT. HISTORY *CONTACT OUTPUT.CSTRESS. VARIABLE=ALL. CAREA. CFS. CDISP CFN. SLAVE=BOTS. MASTER=TOPS MASTER=TOPS *OUTPUT. CAREA. *END STEP . FIELD *CONTACT OUTPUT. VARIABLE=ALL. FIELD *NODE OUTPUT SLAVE=BOTS. FIELD *ELEMENT OUTPUT S. *CONTACT PRINT.

TYPE=MASS. WRITE.C fr12 C rJ5 H /~..v ..0 66978.ELSET=SPRG 1 1.2 c fll1.TYPE=SPRING2. Il»D£S (6AJ17'rC.6rfC"TI-i 6f:.f~'N~ y.3 ** ** ELEMENT PROPERTIES 11.. L~N(. STftf.2.2 *ELEMENT ' TVPE=SPRING2.6 *MASS...0 *ELEMENT..ELSET=CARGAP I .0.INP "'HEADING DYNAMIC SAMPLE "'RESTART. 2._ (jIJrPJ-r) *NSET.2.ELSET=CARSPG 50000.0 100.. TYPE=MASS.3 *ELEMENT.(J .2.DVl.0.1 16745."'tflef <.:'v *'" *SPRING.0..e (rJfG-Q":.<n.0 3.2...0..0 *SPRING.6.'l GII-P /EI. r"-~JW/I~ (A.'" ) I I .HISTORY=NO.Cmv! r-oR C RU6 Ii D':::.MODEL=NO.-2.110 ABAQUS INPUT FILE CRASH.1 -- t.)£?N 10.ELSET=STAGElj 3.__ ~~~..ELSET=CARGAP I CO<JT1l-C.s::Tf/-(.0 *NSET.t'l:S€ o~ CU~H.)=00.'>fC L-/r c.0.(. NSET=CAR 100 ** 23 ..ELSET=CARSPG r S?R1rJ & 19.ELSET=STAGEll C()NT"~r 0!W' 01.·· ..Jr f3£p!l66.ELSET=CARI I 136. ELSET=STAGEA 6 T7I (p£ k f1l1i..ECHO=NO *NODE 2.0 ~ J.0.(. roRk-.9 C 11/2 rrTfr5J 1.z- r- *GAP..5833333 1000000.TVPE=GAPUNI.)1'f>J (.. ~ FIt!'5T *GAP.100 *ELEMENT.~ usn. I IV G{I'i2 f..0. ELSET=CARI C IN2 /'1/1 S 5 100.2 "'ELEMENT.T 4.5.0833 334890.£ //'f)/iJIJC Tf£_.NONLINEAR.TVPE=GAPUNI.3 FI/e$7 5~ .(JIV" C~8) *ELEMENT.0. fl.C{l1t£tJ -r €£(J.. 100.2. /t. TYPE=MASS.ELSET=SPRGl\ :::>TIJC-FN£55 /' 20. 100. FREQ=20 1<~['rPrRr F *PREPRINT. ELSET=CMB ems 11''11166 3.0. S s 2.nJ UNIIl. NSET=NOSES I r- f)otJ~nBL./£ I *ELEMENT.

1 *BOUNDARY~ 3.9.40 {If\'\£ I()OO S T..Vl. ELSET=CARGAP.s FoP-C€. ff'l)J «: r"1 ~. POSITION=A VERAGED AT NODES.c.o /lV/"'L. !J I.ELSET=CMB 2000000 tnrrSs ern 13 ** ** MATERIAL DEFINITIONS ** *SURFACE CONTACT.10 ". P I v e«: I fr(e G I.}f'i. 2..ELSET=STAGEA r()(l)L It 17 5TT1(L.£ /I (1)A~S **4._f *CONTROLS.40".lf'I) (rCC/&i-c..N'rS r:--O£ 'G-Q tJ!L .~. F{f1? 571t[...(Jl.£-. .(OI..DIRECT.-O 7/1Yl~ S/&'pS 5P. NSET=NOSES.-r1..RtJRc Sr&..P.0001.3 *STEP.2. PARAMETERS=TIME INCREMENTATION fr/.S *NODEFILE *ELFILE *END STEP ./3 R IU ry.3 2.1- T11'h6 tZ.LCN TI (5Y"I Tim *NODE PRINT. SOFTENED --*INITIAL CONDITIONS..2.J. VI....FREQ=20 E.3 fJj_ <. 1..A:!W ~ eM ltV ...cC/~IIE-. *NODE PRINT.INC=1000 *DYNAMIC.. A l. . Al [)/:.1 *MASS.l C If6f}U y ! ) 1--- IAJI n'1L. SillvIMARY=NO UI. INC (2.o PrlJDI .AI j)15fO) r/F-LDl.62.88 *MASS. T7) -r I N y 't 100. TYFE=VELOCITY 100..Y7111:.£ *EL PRINT... NSET=CAR. SillvIMARY=NO Ul.

Car mass

Gap element (Contoct- Cor to Stage A)

Gap element
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CMB

mass

Linear Spring (Crush of Vehidel Non-Linear Spr;ing (Energy Absorbing Material)

F
1000000

335000

67000 16000

D sP

*HEADING DYNAMIC SAMPLE *RESTART, WRITE, FREQ=20 *PREPRINT,mSTORY=NO,MODEL=NO,ECHO=NO *NODE 2,2,0,0 3,5.0,0,0 100,·2.0,0,0 *NSET, NSET=CAR 100 ** *NSET,NSET=NOSES 2,3 *ELE~NT,TYPE=~SS,ELSET=CARI 100,100 *ELE~NT,TYPE=~SS,ELSET=STAGEA 2,2 *ELE~NT, TYPE=~SS,ELSET=C~ 3,3 *ELE~NT,TYPE=GAPUNI,ELSET=CARGAP 10, 100,2 *GAP,ELSET=CARGAP 4.0 *ELEMENT, TYPE=GAPUNI,ELSET=STAGEI 11, 2,3 *GAP,ELSET=STAGEI 3.0 *ELEMENT, TYPE=SPRING2,ELSET=CARSPG 19, 100,2 *ELEMENT, TYPE=SPRING2,ELSET=SPRG 1 20,2,3 ** ** ELEMENT PROPERTIES ** *SPRING,ELSET=CARSPG 1,1 50000.0 *SPRING,NONLINEAR,ELSET=SPRG 1 1,1 16745,0.0 66978.0,2.0833 334890.0, 2.5833333 1000000.0, 2.6 *MASS,ELSET=CARI 136.9

*MASS,ELSET=STAGEA 9.88 **4.1 *MASS,ELSET=CMB 2000000 ** ** MATERIAL DEFINITIONS ** *SURF ACE CONTACT, SOFTENED *INITIAL CONDITIONS, TYPE=VELOCITY 100, 1,62.1 *BOUNDARY 2,2,3 3,2,3 100,2,3 *STEP,INC=I 000 *DYNAMIC,DIRECT .0001, .10 *CONTROLS, PARMvlETERS=TIME INCREMENTATION ",40",40 *NODE PRINT, NSET=CAR, SUMMARY=NO

UI, VI, Al
*NODE PRINT, NSET=NOSES, SUMMARY=NO POSITION=A VERAGED AT NODES,FREQ=20

UI, VI, Al
*EL PRINT, ELSET=CARGAP, E,S

*NODEFILE *ELFILE
*END STEP

-J c.1. u-r1M=.3.l\1!l .0.T~'-M .MATERIAL=CONCRETE 4.o.re.8.0.10 10.9..- E *END STEP ¢ltJrc» ~ t+ .NAME=CONCRETE *ELASTIC.t I' iii .e.0.36..0 6.2 2.5.0.17 E..u i *VISCO.0 3..-. +-e.ELSET=BEAM 1. c:. ~" 1" 'ii I' • 1.85.'lV'-p \e.oe. .::' '-I.+.7 7.2.0 9.6 6.i..LAW.:.Jc.10.vNe..9 9..24.0.:.pe.INC=1000 r: 1 "vC 1. ~::I"'.~~CTlOI'J \ ~I '-1"-.4 0.ELSET=BEAM..00009.11 *BEAM SECTION. '10\1 0.-.TYPE=B33. 00001 .~~/~ *EL PRINT \NC.....3 3. *CREEP..o.2.0 2.. tv<>-- ~r\ \ Co.7.695 1~ P:~D l_: 11.\c.¥. *~ • Ooo0'l~ p.SECTION=RECT.ABAQUS INPUT FILE * HEADING CREEP..0 8. *NODE 1.E-ME-N\~ s-h-c.'I -- ~ 7_ ~ ~B£8-_1Y\C:.5. :Y!. .0 *ELEMENT.(e_+-~"S . (!:xfCYC ¢ (_-\)o) (_(]~ c.n-\ -k 0 Y\ M )l to je. f..t<1"2..4.TYPE=ISO 3492.~e.32. .... *NODE PRINT .0.f.0. (1+ h.. -h:> r: () -r f""O.g.INP simply supported Creep Curve program for concrete with E=3492.~I'..40. cv(..es-::f\ ~ f!\ l:Z.0. :" £+...0 5.28.0 11.015 **180lb/ft load downward *NODE PRINT U ..1"00 cJ.6.. 0.. \oo~ *EL PRINT S E For e.20.0. s \o-.st.\"2..ks..-(tt'~ieo.0 7..io\t' .Uo ''II'''Tiii I' .1.0..1'" L\. '. CETOL=.e. r~il1'. ..3 *STEP *STATIC *DLOAD BEAM..h. e.5 5. _..8 8..8.0 4.12.PZ.0 10. the.. r:e: +< {"7 +-a f"I\Do-\-c.4 4.16. . ~LLouIE-P *END STEP *STEP.'1 f/J\~ w.0 .O I' '---t--.1.4.0.0..05.~f\c.0 *MATERIAL. 12000~.

. HISTORY=NO... 1 *. 8. FREQ=1 "'''' See Abaqus User Manual. 0.2.0 *MASS.0.ELSET=BIGMASS 1.0 ** Suggested time increment and time period lE-4..'" Degrees offreedom at first second nodes 1.1 "'S1EP.INP 2 MAss_. "'END STEP . ELSET=DASHP 2.2 "'ELEMENT. "'PREPRINT. 1. 1. Sec.2 "'SPRING.0. 10.0 ** *EL PRINT. TYPE=DASHPOT2. ELSET=DASHP "'''' See Abaqus User Manual. degree of freedom..1..0 "'DASHPOT.1.4. "'ELEMENT.0. 10. Sec . FREQ = a *NODE PRINT. 0. 0.2000.3 "'''' Degrees of freedom at first and second nodes 1. MODEL=NO.. HAFTOL = 1. Sec. ECHO=NO "'NODE 1.0 2. TYPE=MASS.l__ .0 .5 ** Node number. INC = 1000 "'''' See Abaqus User Manual.5.1...0 "'BOUNDARY 1.W~i---I k ABACUS INPUT FILE DASHSPRG. 0.0 "'CLOAD "'* See Abaqus User Manual. 0...1 "'''' Dasbpot coefficient (force per relative velocity) 10..2 "'REST ART.2 "'ELEMENT.4 "'DYNAMIC.0.c..3. magnitude 2. . TYPE=SPRING2. SUMMARY=NO U *NODEFILE U "' . Spring stiffness 1000. Sec.1. ELSET=STIFSPNG 1. ELSET=STIFSPNG ++ See Abaqus User Manual. 3..-. 10. WRITE.2 2. Sec. 20cO c "'HEADING Spring and dashpot with a movable mass and constant force.

MODEL=NO. ** ** ** The next line can be used to optionally reduce printed output. second. 0.0. and third direction cosines of the first beam axis. ** See User Manual. TYPE=B33 1. 1. fix all 6 deg. 0.0 6. 6. ECHO=NO *NODE 1. ** See also: Page 3. 8.4-8 FROM ABAQUS V. 10.4.0. HISTORY=NO..0 *NGEN 1.4 0. SECTION=RECT.1-9 and 10. 0. of freedom 6. 0.4 *BUCKLE ** Number of eigenvalues to be estimated 6 *CLOAD ** Concentrated load at node 1 in the z-directi 1. ELSET=BEAM.4 Example Manual.2 Example Manual. 0.4-1 through 3.24.2-4 in User Manual ** 5.2-1 in User Manual 5. version 5.2. 10.2-12 S. 1 *ELEMENT.0.4.10. MATERIAL=HOTMAT ** Lengths in the 'I' and '2' directions. 2 *ELGEN. 1. 5 The next line is defined on Pg.0. *EL FILE ** Next line: see pgs.9.0Ell *BOUNDARY ** At node 6.ABAQUS INPUT FILE EULER.0 ** Next line: see pg.4-15 in Abaqus 5.6. 0.2. 3. 0.2-17 in User Manual 5. E i *NODE FILE U IO~i RF *END STEP \ I ! l I 1 I . *PREPRINT. *MATERIAL.0 • '2.INP *HEADING EULER COLUMN Page 3.2.4.2-1.4. This is the ** first.12 ** Next line: see pg.4 *BEAM SECTION. page 3.4.4. User Manual 5. E •3 *EL PRINT I I S. 8. 3.4-1 to PAGE 3. ELSET=BEAM 1.2-1 to 8. 6 *STEP ** Next line: see pg.0. ** Note: This example is similar but not exactly the same as those listed in the ABAQUS Example Problems Manual.2-3 in User Manual 5. 8.0.2. 5. -100. 0.2. 1. NAME=HOTMAT *ELASTIC 2.6.

0. 6. 1 *ELEMENT.0. 11.001. O.0.0.01 ** ASSIGN A BASE MOTION EXCITATION IN THE X DIRECTION *BASE MOTION. TYPE = DISPLACEMENT *PRINT.0. 1. 10 *BEAM SECTION.12 1. AMPLITUDE = SIN. 0. NAME= SIN. 0. TIME = NORMAL ** NUMBER OF TERMS'NFREQUENCY. 0. ASCII *END STEP ** THIS STEP APPLIES A D AMIC EXCITATION WITH PARAMETERS FROM ABOVE *STEP LOAD CASE 100 *MODAL DYNAMIC ** TIME STEP. 0. MAXIMUM 0.0 'E-uJ ** Al Bl (AMP ~T~DE OF FOURIER COSINE AND yINE SERIES) 0. 0. 0.0 11.283. 6 *AMPLITUDE..0Ell *DENSITY ** (UNITS = KG/M"3) 7780. 0. 2 *ELGEN. NAME=Al *ELASTIC 2. 0.INP *HEADING EULER COLUMN with DYNAMIC BASE EXCITATION PNR 1/20/94 *NODE 1. U *NODE U FILE *FILE FORMAT. DOF = 1. DEFINITION = PERIODIC.24. 1 *NSET. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S . ELSET=BEAM.0 *DAMPING.0 *BOUNDARY 11. 0. SECTION=RECT. FREQ = 0 *NODE PRINT to foR. 0. 10.0.0. TYPE=B33 1. FREQ = 5 *EL FILE. INITIAL TIME 1. ELSET=BEAM 1. 01 ~_t\l<'J1F\_ t£( SMAL. 1.0 *MATERIAL.0.L !l~M()KsrRJ\TlOK *STEP *FREQUENCY 4 *EL PRINT. NSET = BEAMNODS 1. MATERIAL=Al 0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE EULERDYN. COM?DSITE. 11.0 *NGEN 1.

...2./ BJISF '" 01]011) a: Aot ~II\. q.. 'C L . -t~+ J>J n w {t. 1° . *EL PRINT.HXO. B"s q] 2 XJO" (o.. GLOBAL=YES PRINT. . GLOBAL=YES ASCII *NODE U *FILE FORMAT.:3 J . II rT74!1J.. b I O~ I ~ 7.'j ... S POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES *NODE U FILE.....//~'J. .. .[~ ~~ ~ N . 5".- .. *END STEP 3• ~ .12)3 11.

Vol. 3.0. 0. 23. F0t]V\tNT t\f\NAR tLEN\E)lf . ONLY 3 EGREES OF FREEDOM PER NODE ARE ACTIVE.FREQ=l ** DEFINE CORNER NODES *NODE ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. ELSET=BEAM 5. III. 12 12.6.0 13..1NP 1000 I.14. 4.8 V.. 6. 5. III.0 5. 0.6. 96. 0.0. 12 r 13 * ELEMENT ..WRITE. 10 10.~IO 3 . 5.0.3 ~: ~~. 1. 7 ~ __CLAE\C. 11 11. TYPE=B2 . 2 2. Pg. 3 3. 1. 4 4. 96. 10.B CO UAA'I NS _ 2.0. 1.0 9. III. 0. 5. 1. 6 6. 5.1011 I~I ' b. 23. 1 ELEMENTS output AND THEN (B23) ABAQUS GENERATE BETWEEN THEM V. ELSET=COLUMN ** ABAQUS USER:r:'AL. 2. 23. V. 5. 5. 11.0.- _ J_ 12. Pg.I I l" _ ~1_l~ ~ 13£AM '21t \ J 2- L. 0.0.\ ** USE TWO-DIMENSIO BEAM ELEMENTS ** DEFINE BEAM COLUMNS SEPARATELY *ELEMENT. Vol.0 *NGEN ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL.6-1 *HEADING FRAME USING 2-D BEAM ** ** Prepare for graphical *RESTART. 96.0. 0. Pg.ABAQUS INPUT FILE FRAME2D.6 ** NOTE. 0.6. 9.5. 5 9. Vol.0. 0.14. 96. TYPE=B23.

POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS.0. 0. *NODE FILE RF CF *END STEP fA-RTlA-L. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S. ELSET=COLUMN. '\ 0. STRAIN.-D ** S.9-15 ** For 2-D beam bending the following order is mandatory ** for the vector defining the local 1 ax~s.-:5) *BEAM SECTION. SECTION=RECT.D .0 *MATERIAL.0. STRAIN.3. f. AND ** SECTION FORCES *EL PRINT. 7. Vol. -100.0.3 *BOUNDARY 1. 7. ELSET=COLUMN. Ver.0 ** REQUEST AN OUTPUT FILE FOR POST-PROCESSING *EL FILE.0 ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL.0 <: ~<D\A I R. -1000. 2. 15.£b FOR (82. STRAIN. 8. 0. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) 2.db J . POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS.0 0. 8 8.. ** Pg. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) ** S. 2 *STEP *STATIC APPLY CONCENTRATED NODAL LOADING AT TWO NODES ***** *CLOAD ** LOAD IS REFERRED TO GLOBAL COORDINATES 8..0. MATERIAL=STEEL ** GIVE DIMENSIONS ALONG 1st AND 2nd AXIS DIRECTIONS 10. -1. E SF *EL FILE.6.0E6. 2 13. 1. ELSET=EEAM. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC. Nl)~ .0. SECTION=RECT. E SF *EL PRINT. 9 *BEAM SECTION. 1. 0. 2.0.AN0W"ER: l)l x. III. S. E SF ** REQUEST PRINTED OUTPUT OF STRESS. MATERIAL=STEEL 10. ELSET=COLUMN. E ELSET=BEAM.0 11. 5. -1. ELSET=BEAM. TYPE=ISO ** YOUNG'S MODULUS AND POISSON'S RATIO 30. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES FORCES SF ** ** U REQUEST OUTPUT OF DISPLACEMENTS AND REACTION ALONG WITH CONCENTRATED FORCES. 1.

9. III. Pg. TYPE=B33.\C B b pS.ABAQUS INPUT FILE FRAME3D. 1 9. 5. 4.0 9.L. Ver. 1.1:'- *HEADING FRAME USING 3-D BEAM ELEMENTS (B33) ABAQUS V. ELSET=COLUMN ** ABAQUS USER'~MANUAL. 5 9.t 3 /2.FREQ=l ** DEFINE CORNER NODES AND THEN GENERATE BETWEEN *NODE ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. 0. . 10. 0.0. 12. 8. l' "BEAM 211 I ~\Oll tLI ) I ~ ~1/L t''ZJ1. 1. 11 11. r Ii D %" ! COUAMNS IIt L7~. 0. 96. 9 . 0.0 5.0 *NGEN ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. 2 \__ 'J 7""\ ~l-r --'lH2.. 13 *ELEMENT.14. TYPE=B33. 13. ELSET=BEAM 5 5. a 13.6 N\t:: I 7 I 7 I 8 8.0. 5.6. Ver.6-1 THEM 23. 2 . 6 6. 4. 96. 11.INP c= ~(). 3. 1. Vol.6. 0. 5.)(10 J. III. 0."0 .8 23. 12 12.0.5. o. 5. 96. 6. Pg. 9..0.0. 3. 7 5.3 23. 1 5. 96. Pg. I~{ J-. 0. Vol. 4 .14. 1. -Y=-Ot~ 2I c ~ I rOCtI:11. 10 10. Ver. 0.0. III.WRITE.t---' t: l-1-I'J ! 3. 1 ** USE THREE-DIMENSIONAL BEAM ELEMENTS ** DEFINE BEAMS AND COLUMNS SEPARATELY *ELEMENT.6. Vol. *** ** Prepare for graphical output *RESTART. 0.

NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC. Vol. a ** Next line: vector for local 1 axis for beams.0 ** REQUEST AN OUTPUT FILE FOR POST-PROCESSING *EL FILE.6. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS. E ELSET=BEAM. E SF ** REQUEST PRINTED OUTPUT OF STRESS. *NODE FILE U RF CF *END STEP (fAJ2JlA-L ANSWEr. E SF *EL PRINT. 1. AND ** SECTION FORCES *EL PRINT. -1000.*BEAM SECTION. ELSET=BEAM. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS. 1.3 * BOUNDARY 1. Ver. -100. SECTION=RECT. III. 0.0.0.0. ELSET=COLUMN.3. ** Pg. E SF *EL FILE. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) S. SECT ION=RECT. 4 13. 0. MATERIAL=STEEL 2.- J. 0. 10. La. %S: J t\ . TYPE=ISO ** YOUNG'S MODULUS AND POISSON'S RATIO 30. 5. STRAIN. MATERIAL=STEEL ** GIVE DIMENSIONS ALONG 1st and 2nd AXIS DIRECTIONS ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. 1. STRAIN. a ** Next line: vector for local 1 axis for columns. 0. S. 3. 15. 4 *STEP *STATIC ***** APPLY CONCENTRATED NODAL LOADING AT TWO NODES *CLOAD ** Refer Load Direction To Global Coordinates 8.: -=. ELSET=COLUMN. 10. 2. STRAIN. OE6.0 *MATERIAL.0 *BEAM SECTION.0 11. 0.9-15 1. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) S. ELSET=BEAM. 0. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES FORCES SF ** REQUEST OUTPUT OF DISPLACEMENTS AND REACTION ** ALONG WITH CONCENTRATED FORCES. 0. ELSET=COLUMN.

O. 9. . 11. 7 7. 96. 0. 48. 0. 4 4. instance=PART-1-1 *Nset. 96. 48. internal. . 24.. 48. internal. 13 I. nset=_M6. 24. internal. 5. 13 • 7. O. 10 10. 96. 9 9. nset=_M4. 72 .nstance=PART-1-1 11. 0. 72. 3 3. instance=PART-l-1 *Nset. 10... 5. instance=PART-l-1 *Nset. 10 • *Element. . nset=_M7. I. 2 2. 0. 1 *End Instance *Nset. 3 • 4. I. 96. 96. 2 . 8. 6. 4. ~ J 11. nset=_M8. . instance=PART-1-1 *Nset. . name=PART-l *End Part ** ** ASSEMBLY ** *Assembly. . 7. 13 *Elset. internal. 4. 0.. .. 11 . O. internal. internal.. . 12 . O. elset=COLUMN 1. 11. type=B33 1. 24. o. 12 12. instance=PART-1-l *Nset. 0. 9. 13 1. o.. name=PART-1-1. .*Heading trying to run a job ** Job name: junkl Model name: frame3d ** ** PARTS ** *part. 72. 11. O. name=STEEL page 1 8. 0. 3. 10. 8 8. . 9. 8. nset=_M3. nset=_M5. 0. O. 96. I. 96. name=Assembly ** *Instance. 6 6. 13 1. 6. 8. . . 12. O. 96. 96. 3. 0.. 96. . 12 *Elset. 5 5. generate 5. part=PART-1 *Node 2. elset=BEAM. *End Assembly ** ** MATERIALS ** *Material.. . 0. O. .. . . 2.

2. 3 "'* Name: Disp-BC-3 "'Boundary _MS. 0. frequency=l "'Output. freq=999999 "'Node Print.. I Step-1 "'static "'''' LOADS *'" *'" 1. 1. "'''' Name: Disp-BC-1 "'Boundary Name: Disp-BC-2 "'Boundary _M4. history.3 BOUNDARY 4. 1 "'''' STEP: Step-l ** ---------------------------------------------------------------- *'" *'" *Step 1. 1. 1. "'''' Name: *Cload _M7. 2 ** Name: Disp-BC-4 "'Boundary _MG. 1e-OS. ** OUTPUT REQUESTS page 2 . field.** *'" "'* "'Elastic 3e+07. FORCE-1 -1000. FORCE-2 -100. *'" Name: "'Cload _MS. variable=PREsELECT *Output. 3. Type: concentrated Type: concentrated force force ** write. 4 junk! CONDITIONS Type: Displacement/Rotation Type: Displacement/Rotation Type: Displacement/Rotation Type: Displacement/Rota~ion _M3. 3. freq=999999 "'End Step "'* "'Restart. variable=PRESELECT *El print.

2. ELSET=BEAMS. 0.1. 0.k?o. -1. MATERIAL=STEEL 0. three-dimensional beam element. 0. 20. TYPE=B33. ELSET=COLUMNS load. SECTION=RECT. 0. 1.0 6. *ELEMENT{ TYPE=B33. G! 1 !i I 0 ! [l0t-ri 5"4 (] fD !I 0 2 3 ~ :) Tl.. HISTORY=NO ** ** Define six nodes.ABAQUS INPUT FILE FRAMEDYN.I ~t.INP 2PLfl ~. ECHO=NO.0.0. ELSET=COLUMNS.lVlt: (SE"c. 2. It I a. 10. *NODE I.0~IO~.. 0.0. 4 ** *BEAM SECTION.0.r====~===~ 3 (.0. 0.0. _v::. 0. *PREPRINT.0 ** ** Use a.0.0. 5.0 4. 10. 0. 3.0 .0 3.0 5. -1. 0. 0.llY\.0.0.0 *BEAM SECTION. 0. 2.1 0. 10.0. 1. MODEL=NO.. Ptt) 1fT 100 }. 10. 20. 5 6.) _tC:: 2.0 2.lm O'lY'r\~11:i~AiV\CRnss-StCf[lIN ~l r Gt ~ 0.0. 2. *HEADING Dynamic analysis of a two story frame with a time-varying ** ** Supress extraneous output. SECTION=RECT.Q!3 e=~ \OWl cO WMN c. 0.RoSS-S~T~N o. 3.0. ELSET=BEAMS 5. 2 3 5 4 ** *ELEMENT.1 0.0. 0. 10.1. 4. MATERIAL=STEEL 0."". 0. 0.0. 6.0.

5 5.0. POSITION = AVERAGED AT NODES.0 ** Apply dynamic loads at the floor levels in the x direction.0 *PRINT. 3.I\f[ ** Use the first step to determine (system. FREQ = 1. 1.0 1. 100'. NAME=STEEL *DENSITY ** (Units are kg/mA3) 7850. multiplier times amplitude ** Note: use consistent units. 5 ** ** Define the amplitude o~ the time-varying load.:O. 0. 1. 1. 3. 3.0. . 5. ELSET=COLUMNS.0Ell. FREQ = 1 *EL PRINT.0.. _~_~m__ _. 3. *FREQUENCY £"16 ~S{)lJ)ER":.0.0._~ frequencies of ~ *STEP ** Determine the first six natur~l ~~quencies of vibration.30 ** ** Define the material properties *MATERIAL. 0.0. use Newtons. 5 3. FREQ 1 *END STEP . GLOBAL=YES U AT NODES. 6 6. *D~PING) COM?O:srr~. 2. 3. ** and restrain other nodes against all but in-plane motion.0 3. 1. *AMPLITUDE. here.~-__ . *CLOAD.0.1. 0. 1.0 the natural ~u. 6 2. ELSET=COLUMNS SF *NODE PRINT U *END STEP *STEP ** Use modal superposition to determine *MODAL DYNAMIC ** Time step.0. I. 2.t~ 6 ) *EL PRINT.o ** ** Specify the column bases fixed against displacement and rotation. 5 4. 0. 0.3 TYPE=ISO ** ** Specify zero material damping. NAME=PT J t:JEF1NIf}ON =ikBl{l. 5.) . * BOUNDARY 1. maximum time. POSITION=AVERAGED SF *NODE PRINT. 200. 2. the time-history response.' AMPLITUDE = PT ** Node.0 *ELASTIC.0. direction. SLU·~'5rJ.

FREQ=l ** Define four nodes for the beam *NODE 1. SECTION=RECT. p. p. WRITE. 0. 6 -. 20.2. 3. 2 2. TYPE=ISO 2. 0. 3.1-1 ** Also see Abaqus Keywords Manual.0 *ELEMENT. v6. ALLM ** *STEP *STATIC *DLOAD ** SEE ABAQUS USER MANUAL.0.0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE HINGE_BEAM.0.221. MATERIAL=MAT 0.1. 6 ** See Abaqus User Manual.221 0.5 3.0. 0. 0.0 3. ECHO=YES ** Prepare for graphical output (if required) *RESTART. TYPE=B31.0 2. 0.1. S2. 2. ELSET=BEAM.1. 4 *BEAM SECTION.1El1 *BOUNDARY 1. and Clamped "'''' Filename: hinge beam. 4.INP "'HEADING Beam with an Internal Hinge. NAME=MAT *ELASTIC. 3 3. E *NODE FILE U RF *END STEP . 1.0 *MATERIAL. ELSET=BEAM 1. 0.0. 1. 23.inp "'''' Prepared for Abaqus Version 6. -1.0. Pg. 0. -10000 *EL PRINT.2 "'* Units: Newtons (N) and meters (m) ** Reduce unnecessary pointout as follows: **PREPRINT. Ver. 0. 0. 6.4.30 ct Ends '} 2. HISTORY=YES.12-1.0.0. ELSET=BEAM. MODEL=YES.0. 2. *RELEASE 2. 2 4. Roller Support. 1. 17.0. 0. Ver. 6. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S. PY.0 4. 0.

COORDS(3) . TYPE=ISO 29. 168.0090422 * COORDS (1) * COORDS (1)) ~COM~llTES RETURN Lo®- itT :t ~ END .-l)c:. FREQ=l ** *NODE 1.~T/EAM TYP~~ 1- • 12..0.8 SUBROUTINE DLOAD (F. 1.0 3.0 ** Distributed load at left end. F = -83.._.0 2. PG. ** . E *EL PRINT." 2 I" CR()S~.0.v-.~ 0. Pgs. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ~I 3 D!l<Ec.0 . SECTION=RECT. MN. *DLOAD ** SEE ABAQUS USER MANUAL. 0. 6 *STEP *STATIC ** Concentrated load at the right end.0.0 ~~--_.4. 25. POSITION=AVERAGED S.>EQ1 ON S.o'SINt::.AIfT'f.0. 0.5 1.. 23..0._:_~~~~_~~=yP) INCLUDE 'ABA_PARAM._~~p~~. 25.0 ** Load and User Subroutine 2000 lb.. PZNU *EL FILE..0. 7. 1.--~C~ LL-f. WRITE.. '/CDIViJ NV1 A TiON II C C C THE VARIABLE TO BE DEFINED IS 'F' WHICH IS THE MAGNITUDE OF THE DISTRIBUTED LOAD.--- 4=~~'~llltj) . NOEL.-'S c. 0.INP *HEADING Horizontal Cantilever Beam with Varying Distributed **PREPRINT. MATERIAL=STEEL ** Specify cross-section dimensions and local 1-axis.0. fa foR.3.2. *CLOAD 3.NoDF D 3 =- ~. TIME.'.0. -2000.) ** *MATERIAL..Tf oN .8.0E6. ELSET=BEAM. 0.--J--. i~TI' E. E *NODE FILE U RF AT NODES *END STEP *USER SUBROUTINES ** See Abaqus User Manual. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC.HISTORY=NO. 0. m. UNITS ARE FL-1 FOR A LINE LOAD.3. JV\. 0. C C l~~~_. 0.5 AND 15.15.2. 0. KSTEP. *BEAM SECTION.. KINC.ECHO=NO ** The next line if for use with ABAQUS POST *RESTART.MODEL=NO.EaI:oN.333 + (0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE HORIZBEAM. NPT.. 0.b9. V5. 1.3 ** *BOUNDARY 1.8Ns_~R: .. 0.INC' DIMENSION TIME (2) . 96. ff!..

14. 0. TYPE=TEMPERATURE ** See ABAQUS User Manual. 0.+ 1 Z.18 Coeff. 0..0 *NODE.0 ** *ELEMENT. 200. 7. 6 ** -.6.. 0. tl. pg. h.- Nf:XT PA~ Fore MoRE" *HEADING cantilever Beam with a Thermal Load ** Reduce unnecessary printout.~ (TEMPERATURE=GRADIENT§----------------------------~ ** See Abaqus User Manual.0. 1. 0.1 HOTNODES. 14. 2. t3 7.5E-6 ** *INITIAL CONDITIONS. 100. 14. MATERIAL=STEEL.02. TYPE=B33. 0. b1. HISTORY=NO.0. ELSET=BEAM I. 0. 0. pg. of thermal expanSe 6.-_0 0 I ** * BOUNDARY 1. _ 0. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC. TYPE=ISO ** See ABAQUS User Manual. 0.0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE HOTBEAM..0. MODEL=NO. 0.INP . ECHO=NO ** *NODE. pg.440 ** Unit vector defining the local 1 axis.3 ** *EXPANSION ** See ABAQUS User Manual.2-11: I. SECTION=I.01. NSET=HOTNODES 1.0 2.52. .710.5. 7..0. _ .0. pg. Poise ratio 29E6. NSET=COLDNODE 3. *PREPRINT. 7. t2.S. . b2.710.6. 3. 1.0. a~F DET1t 1t.52. 0. 1. 2 2.9.0. 0.-70 f~ ~ o 1I r 1001Yi.17 Young's mod. 0. 3 *BEAM SECTION. ELSET=BEAM.0 ** *MATERIAL.

70. 0 0 1.0. NonS5_ ---~--_fVAD_3~ . 70. 0..:.. pg.. _ PAl<-TJl1L A-~~WtR~ __ ~ 2 -=-__ ~Q:!_QIjS:__J_'fj ~\V}._.33 *STEP *STATIC *TEMPERATURE ** See ABAQUS User Manual. ELSET=BEAM.0. central temperature. h- -::I- --{j-oTf -: A"EAcyRS A-6SIAMt~ T~N\f'fRttIV\RFI/AR.~___ _ r _~_~9J)~ -~~ . POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ~~OA-D-E -F-IL-E--~iND STEP 6JR olqftAlOf 'h~S\-.4. .rES__ L"J£~Rk-Y _ -BET\!J£"~ . - .JERS'1To { . gradient_l. 9.. . 0. I _ ____ __.18-3 ** Node number. 2. E ** *EL PRINT. 0 b~ J!~_ O -. gradient_2 S.

TYPE=B23.t\ I ON: --- S" .. 2 *ELEMENT.AsnC. olXT\'tn oj<. TYPE=B23.INP *HEADING ANGLE-SHAPED FRAME BUCKLING ** ELASTIC STABILITY ** *NODE 0.1. 0. 1~. 4. 1. *ELEMENT 1.. 0. 0.I Cf2aSS-SFcIJ 2. 3. 2 r1-A-NAR.I JJ\..0.ABAQUS INPUT FILE LFRAME.. 1 '10 h-I 0. ELSET=BEAM r . 0. 'PCR= A (La F\D}= 7Jf"r(I oeD) = 2\~7. flrN"O b Acn'iC" vr=6~ Of 'FREEPoM e tJ *STEP *BUCKLE ** APPLY CONSISTENT NODAL LOADING *CLOAD 1. i. E *NODE FILE ~F AT NODES CF *FILE FORMAT.0 10.7E[ - 1-ny *EL PRINT.03 . ELSET=COLUMN SECTION=RECT. ELSET=COLUMN..Et~M ~LEME"m-S ONCi tt~\l£ I. _~ 1") 6t. 5.. \<1 10m 4.0 EXAMPLE. 5 *BEAM SECTION.0.-IS- @l~!Y -X) 2. 4 3. 5.~rtr".L/SX. *MATERIAL.0. 0. *END STEP rJ ~ "81 NAR'1 ASCII rc/ RFMO~~ Fo~ rcR~ = J_ '2.~ ~ i! 1: 1..- ~'(IC~' () 0 rI\ ) "'L- fcR. MATERIAL=A1 MATERIAL=Al SECTION=RECT.. ST$t S. /. CR. 5. 10.1 ELSET=BEAM. 0.. 2.<'1 0 N C~ S\M\A Lf.1)0.0Ell *BOUNDARY NAME=A1 ~D.I O~ N.J P=.0 *EL FILE.0 10.0. 10. 3. POSITION=AVERAGED S.0.0. 3 6 1.0 Jo' .. 1.0.0.= _ NL\_fv\~R\ 2 . 0. 0.1 *BEAM SECTION. @i:: ~ Ii 3. 5.. 0. -1000."'l.0 flANAR fLEM.. 2. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES E _'S1% IiN\ c:f5f-tE/'J KO -+ 61?R£ _ ItjEoR'1 of ~1. 2} 2.0. *ELASTIC 2.1. N1 ) . 4.'000 0..

0.10.~'"l' '.0.4.0. 2-26 are on top beam.0.0.7.18.4.0 \Bo\'blf\- ' '0/1 L L\ _ '~. '1 _ 1.0.MATERIAL=STEEL 4.0.0.0.4.0.21.ELSET=BEAM2 13.0 11.4.15 14.0.30.0 8.360.0.0 26.11 11.0.0.0 7.2.0 12.0.0.0 6.0.0.0 10.8 8.0 2.0.0.300.20 19.0 9.90.4.19.24.4.0.0.0 14.25.4.4.16 15.23.17.0.0.0.ELSET=BEAM.0.10 10.120.0 21.2 3SY 2.0.0.11.TYPE=B33.0.26 ~BEAM SECTION.0.4.6.0.INP they are spaced the same amount .0.0.0.0.0. **apart *NODE MPC.22.0.0.3.ELSET=BEAM 1.0.24 23.0 3.9.0.0.0.210.18 17.150.5 5.4. 1" -r" ".0 16..60.4.0.ABAQUS INPUT· FILE *Heading Simply Supported Beam with MPC's **1-13 are on bottom beam.0.0.4.0 23. ~ }j.0.SECTION=RECT.330.0 20.0.90.TYPE=B33.0.12 12.0.14.19 18.0 18.120.0.0.240.0 5.0 **BOTTOM SECTION ELEMENTS aJ.0.lYI1'J.240.6 6.0.270.20. .0.0 13.7 7.0.180.0.13 **TOP SECTION ELEMENTS *ELEMENT.30.0.25 24.16.0.9 9.0.0.21 20..0.0.0 4.0 24.60.0.0.0.0.270.0 17.0.0.0.4.0.0.0.180.0.3 3.0.0.0.0 15.4.0. E.330.22 21.15.L .0.0.210.0.0.23 22.0.5.sp:1A\ '" S"" *ELEMENT.0..150.0 25.0.17 16.0.0.0.0.360. •.12.0.8.0.4 4.0.0.1.0 22.4.300.0.0.0 19.

0 *MATERIAL. 24 BEAM.8.1.MATERIAL=STEEL 4.0.20 BEAM.4.015 *NODE PRINT U ''11'"'1" .9..3 **SIMPLY SUPPORTED AT THE ENDS..3 *MPC **Tie nodes together with stiff beam elements BEAM.3. or 180 Ib/ft *END STEP .1.18 BEAM.PZ. 1" " .6.0. I' -e.15 BEAM.2.0.16 BEAM.2. PIN AND ROLLER * BOUNDARY 1.0.3 14.**UNIT VECTOR DEFINING LOCAL 1 AXIS 0. 'II"..14 BEAM.0 0.17 BEAM.'I -e- BEAM (K/in).26 *STEP *STATIC *DLOAD **DISTRIBUTED LOAD IN THE NEGATIVE Y DIRECTION ALONG BEAM2.0.5.1.SECTION=RECT. 11.1.22 BEAM.7. I' f 'I - .ELSET=BEAM2.13. "".12.25 BEAM.23 BEAM.2.'I .0 *BEAM SECTION.-.0. 't.0.19 BEAM.1.4.3 13.21 BEAM.0.10.3 26.NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC 29E3.

Ver.0 4.INP *HEADING BRIDGE AND EARTHQUAKE USING 3-D BEAM ELEMENTS (B33) ABAQUS v.e. 5. 4 4.3.8. 0. Ver. -1.0 8. 5 7.0.8.0. 0. 0. 23.0. FREQUENCY=l ** Supress extraneous output.8. 0. 15.0 10. 5. ELSET=BEAM 5. 0.14. 0.0.0 6. Pg. 0. 8. 10.0. (i.0 *BEAM SECTION. 8 8. 4. II. 7.0.3.0 *MATERIAL. MATERIAL=STEEL ** GIVE DIMENSIONS ALONG 1st and 2nd AXIS DIRECTIONS ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. ECHO=NO.0. 10 10. 6. 9. 0. 0.0 5. make output file smaller) *PREPRINT.0.0 2. 0. SECTION=RECT. 0. 1.0. 0.0. Newtons *** ** Prepare for graphical output *RESTART. 0.4. 9 9. 0.0 *ELASTIC. 2. 1. 5.0 9. 0. 11 *ELEMENT. 1. 2. TYPE=B33. -1.9-17. ELSET=COLUMN.0. Pg. Vol. 2. 5. III. 7 *BEAM SECTION. III.8 1.ABAQUS INPUT FILE QUAKEBRIDGE.1 ** Next line: vector for local 1 axis for columns. SECT ION=RECT. 5.0.4 ** and vol.0. 0. MODEL=YES. 3. 1.4.8. 2 2. ELSET=BEAM. Pg.0.5. 4. 23.0 11. TYPE=B33.0. MATERIAL=STEEL 0.0.8 ** ** Filename: quakebridge. TYPE=ISO ** YOUNG'S MODULUS AND POISSON'S RATIO 2.6 1. Vol. Pg. 0.2. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 1. 0. 2.0. 0.0. 0.0. 0.0. ELSET=COLUMN ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. III.0. Ver.2. 2. HISTORY=NO ** EXPLICITLY DEFINE NODES *NODE ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL.2.0 3.0E8. 23.0.0 ** ** USE THREE-DIMENSIONAL BEAM ELEMENTS ** DEFINE BEAMS AND COLUMNS SEPARATELY *ELEMENT.3 .8. WRITE. 6 6.0 7.inp ** Direct integration with fixed time steps ** Basic Units: Meters.4 ** Next line: vector for local 1 axis for beams.2. 4. Vol. 3 3. 0. 0. NAME=STEEL *DENSITY ** Units are kg/mA3) 7850. 4.

5. ELSET=COLUMN. Pg. POSITION SF *NODE PRINT U E!6Ai5oJ. E SF ** REQUEST OUTPUT OF DISPLACEMENTS AND REACTION FORCES ** ALONG WITH CONCENTRATED FORCES. Pg.S\). Pg. 6 *AMPLITUDE. E SF *EL PRINT. ELSET=BEAM.2. STRAIN.( = AVERAGED AT NODES. E SF *EL FILE. FREQ = 1. AMPLITUDE=QUAKEMOTION.**** SPECIFY DAMPING OF THE STRUCTURE ITSELF *** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. ELSET=BEAM. DIRECT ** Next line: time increment and total time of integration 0. NAME=QUAKEMOTION. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS.1. 1.8. INCREMENT=100 ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. 23.20 *DYNAMIC. ELSET=COLUMN *END STEP *STEP. 5. INPUT=elcentro ** DETERMINE THE FIRST THREE NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF THE SYSTEM :~~~UENCY 3 J *£L PRINT. E SF ** REQUEST PRINTED OUTPUT OF STRESS. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) file.t}3VI\c. TYPE=ACCELERATION ** Convert acceleration values to meters/sec/sec from input 1. 1. 5. *NODE FILE U RF CF *END STEP .8. STRAIN. 5.0 *BOUNDARY.001 11. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES ** REQUEST STRESS. III. 0.001 ***** APPLY ACCELERATION LOADING AT TWO BASE NODES ** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. 23. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S.8. III..1. AND SECTION FORCES (SF) S. Ver.4. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S. ALPHA = 0. 1. 23. AND ** SECTION FORCES *EL PRINT. Ver. S.1.5.20 ** (stuck here) ** REQUEST AN OUTPUT FILE FOR POST-PROCESSING *EL FILE. III..V'82:::o. Vol. ELSET=COLUMN. 23.4. 0.8. 1. Vol. Ver. Pg. STRAIN.01 *** ABAQUS USER'S MANUAL. Ver. Vol. Vol. 10.6 *DAMPING.. 6 11. III.6 *BOUNDARY 1.

3 __ -%()W.:: 2-. 0 ~JQ_Kf.MN~1-KSoto~wr .ABAQUS INPUT FILE QUAKEBRIDGE (continued) 1 ---- @ -1 6)11 ~ II ~I £.G\.-----__ <g 1 _ _ _y_~ G .

927.927.5.4.-85.9.1.30.8..00.-358. 6.2.-651.5.5.1.-626.0.20.2.5.00.0.8.875. 4.-124. ! £.60. 4.80.6.00.648.1.5. 6.2.90.8.8.503.70.-55.1.927.9.1.2.-349.00.635.30.1. 1.10.30.6.-454.1.9.8.3.30.672.927.-65.0.70.967.9.5.4.40.6.5.5.980.9.00.30.1.5.0.30.7.697. 5.0.798.4.901.70.40.503./ ceY\fro I J } a"'\'tI\([h~)'.8.1155.9.80.5.4.40.6. 8.20.8.0.1.9.70.1007.1087.3.-989.8.00.8.5.5.8.90.2.1.7. 7.o.901.90.6.-331.0.90.4.9.0.40.90.599.722.8.Jrl ~u. 0.80.7.3. 6.-201.611.1128.50.20. 3.60.862.1.80.6.6.-95.-65.8.7.20.1060. 2.7.1.10..6.587.-182.-124.20.00.550.40.3.-258.7.30.432.397.10.1.30.7.5.0.10.228.251.550.60.-153.8.6.90.50.80.9.7.7.7.6.4.0.10.0.5.-304.340.9.9.1.60.685. 4.5.722. 9.30.0.0.-201.50.90.7.4.70.2.6.3.-163.-571.2.60.747.2.6.284.4.1239.-1044.672.20.50.3.-349.40.00.1.10.0.7.1.1.8.-230.2.80.5.00.251.10.80.50. 8.5.90.40.70.206.6.-239. 3.8.10..70.4.20.8.20.-286.3.50.0.60.3.8.7.8.50.10.7.50.kebr\ ~e re.80.90.432. 1.722.8.0.-927.40.1.50.6.80.8.9.2.-35. 2.849.953.3.60.5.3.8.-276.2.0.1114.836.5.10.1.785.6.-461.20.1020.7.386.927.5.-793. 9.-182.-258.40. 7.940.-85.20.tc.6.6.70.40.8.174.836.60. 10.2.5.993.648.421.2.9.5.4.70.-1099.~ I .0.980.70.30.30.432.-134.ABAQUS INPUT FILE QUAKEBRIDGE (continued) File of Acceleration T~e-History Filename: elcentro (Units: mm/sec/sec) 0. 2.1253.4.5. 8.9.0.80.7.60. 5.2.1047.2.10.6.7.10.4.2.90.4.20.273.-793.50.4.10.409.2 :• e..940.00.00.1128.7.3.0.60.57. 0.6.bLA\ IJ Co MMAl® LH~EINftAT l~~(\K~bn~e.10.1.8.

FILE=BIGQUAKE.increment=6 *draw.0.FLC *INPUT.ABAQUS INPUT FILE QUAKEBRIDGE (continued) ABAQOS POST COMMANDS *RESTART. displaced *restart. FILE = ANIMATORBUILD *SET. • . displaced *restart. displaced *restart. CAPTURE = CLOSE *ANIMATE.increment=12 *draw.RES *VIEW.1) * DRAW *SET.increment=20 *draw. FILE = QUAKEBRIDGE. displaced *restart. displaced *restart. displaced *restart.increment=8 *draw.FLC (see file listing below) ANIMATORBOILD *draw.increment=15 *draw.increment=9 *draw.increment=l *draw. displaced *restart. CAPTURE = BIGQUAKE.increment=5 *draw.increment=2 *draw.increment=10 *draw. displaced *restart..increment=ll *draw. displaced *restart.increment=4 *draw. displaced FILE LISTING : etc.displaced *restart. . displaced *restart. V = (0. displaced *restart.increment=13 *draw. displaced *restart. displaced *restart. displaced *restart. displaced *restart.increment=14 *draw.increment=3 *draw.increment=7 *draw.

0 ** Specify a point mass.3 ** Specify zero material damping.1 0.0. 1. TYPE=B33.0 *ELASTIC.0 ~e()'I'M -S'ECno~ ** Use a three-dimensional beam element. See ABAQUS manual: pgs 3. 0.0 ** Define the material properties *MATERIAL. ECHO=NO. 0. 1. *STEP ** Determine the natural frequencies of vibration. 0. ELSET=ROD 1. *ELEMENT. NAME=STEEL *DENSITY ** (Units are kg/m~3) 7850. HISTORY=NO ** Define two nodes. The lumped mass is at node 2.7. 6 ** Use the first step to determine the natural frequencies of the system.0.0.0 See ABAQUS manual. ** Specify the left end fixed against displacement and rotation. *NODE 1. 0. 2 *BEAM SECTION. MATERIAL=STEEL 0. 0. *PREPRINT.0E11.8~ ~IT' TYPE=MASS.0.0 2. *FREQUENCY I £" J 6 So L-V~ 13'Sf'A ~ t=N = su .INP ! L=. ** Supress extraneous output.0. 0. 0.Cl~ *HEADING O. ELSET=LUMPED 2000. 7-5-17. ELSET=ROD. MODEL=NO. pg.2. TYPE=ISO 2. *MASS. *BOUNDARY 1. 0. 6 2.0. *DAMPING. SECTION=RECT.-Y'Y\ Dynamic analysis of a rod with a lumped mass and constant load. -1.L}O ABAQUS INPUT FILE RODDYN. 2. 0. 2 ** Define the lumped mass. COMf'DsriE' :. ELSET=LUMPED ** Element number and node number 2. 10.2.10 M 13'£t\M C'R.

7910-05 4. closed TIME (sec) 0.()5 3.4 *EL PRINT.52E'()5 4.[ 4. *CLOAD 2.00' 0.55E. 17E'()5 abaqus ~ ~ v. *MODAL DYNAMIC ** Time step.0E·OS 1- .OE+OO+----+--+---+--+--.52E'()6 1.006 0.------------. POSITION AVERAGED AT NODES.004 O.006 TIME {eec} 0.003 0. +-. . .010 U2(1) (ni)' 1. . ELSET=ROD *END STEP *STEP ** Use modal superposition to determine the time-history response.002 0.00e'()5 4.84E'()S 5.52E'()S S. :.0E·OS ~~-----}~---------. GLOBAL=YES U *END STEP RESPONSE COMPARISON 6.. .002 0..01 ** Apply a static load at the concentrated mass in the axial direction. .008 0.OOS 0.0 *PRINT.-~_+_-__+---f-···--t---+__-_+___ 0_000 0. C5 fij o 2. FREQ 1 SF *NODE PRINT. FREQ = 1 ~EL PRINT. .004 0. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES.58E'()5 2.SlE-OS 4. .012 1- abaqus solution u u.76E'()S 4. ELSET=ROD. 1. .30E'()S 4. .19E·05 O. 0.008 O. closed form solution I . .57E'()S 2. 0. .'7E-06 7.OOS 0.001. .96E-05 4.S6E-<J6 7.OS ~~:) : 2. 10000. maximum time.. .0E. ..007 0.B'E.77E-05 4.()S 1. -----------<-------------.32E'()5 4. . FREQ SF *NODE PRINT U 1.010 0.

2 8:5: AM ON AN ELASTIC FOUNDATION \ • ~1 -.0 *NGEN 1. *ELGEN. 20 *BEAM SECTION.0.0E11. -100. TYPE=SPRING1 21.ABAQUS INPUT FILE SPRING.0.0. *STEP. 2 *ELGEN. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S..0.0 21.INP *HEADING BUCKLING EXAMPLE OF A ** ELASTIC STABILITY ** *NODE 1.2.0 *MATERIAL. ELSET=BEAM 1. TYPE=B33 1. 3 1. 21. ELSET=BEAM. 0. E *EL PRINT. .0. 1.0. 5 10M ]> r"-4 " ~ ]> " . 4.1 0. 0. E U *NODE FILE RF CF *FILE FORMAT. ELSET=SPRING 21.0. 1 *ELEMENT. 1..0 *EL FILE. 0. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES S. 5 1. 3 21. 0. *END STEP ASCII Ie. 1. NAME=A1 *ELASTIC 2.. 2. 19 *SPRING. 1. 4. 0. 0. MATERIAL=A1 6.3 *ELEMENT.5E04 *BOUNDARY 21. NLGEOM *BUCKLE 3 ** APPLY CONSISTENT NODAL LOADING *CLOAD 21. ELSET=SPRING 2 SECTION=RECT. 10. 0. 0.

10. 0.0 9.INP COLwYlN C~-SFCJl D. 1. ELSET=BEAM ** 2 NODED CUBIC BEAM.11"<\ 012T'Y) Loads (2-D Analysis) • \ J *HEADING T-Shaped Frame with Distributed and Concentrated *NODE 1. 7. 0. 3 3.0 10. 13 13. TYPE=B23.0. SECTION=RECT.lrII ~10 1:- -BStM_ C. 20. 2.0 *NGEN 1. MATERIAL=STEEL .Y3 ABAQUS INPUT FILE TFRAME. 8. 9 *ELEMENT. 12 12.0.0. 11.0. 0. 5. 10.: 1.lrr. 6 1. 10. 1 10. ACTIVE D. 8 8. 11 11.0. ELSET=COLUMN 9. 2 2. 6 6.0. 0. 14 *BEAM SECTION. 5. 9.O. 7 7.0 14.F. 6.0.0. 4. 10. 10 10. 3. 0. 0. 12. 0. 14. 0.2. 2. 10. 4 4. 8. 1 *ELEMENT. 13. ON ~ 1'1. 5 5.R(§5~c:no)IJ: ~g 0..1 ELSET=BEAM. TYPE=B23.

. N ~ '1 ~ 4: ~ ~ b ?~ 3. reaction forces. ":'200000. SECTION=RECT. ~ I 'z. 2 **Constrain node 9 in the directions x.0 *DLOAD **Distributed load in the negative y direction along elements .0.0 **Concentrated load at node 11 in positive x direction 11. 1. PY. and z rotation 14. PY.0 *BEAM SECTION. : :~: =~!~ ~ :~ ~ ?.0 *EL FILE.0 4. 0. E SF *NODE FILE **Displacement. -24000. 2.0. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC. concentrated U IOOKN forces RF CF *END STEP *HEADING . 1.~kN h1. I 1 .3 *BOUNDAR¥ **Constrain node 1 in the y direction 1. 100000. y.' *MATERIAL. and z rotation 9.0. 2 9. 6 *STEP *STATIC *CLOAD **Concentrated load at node 7 in negative y direction 7. 0. E SF *EL PRINT. -24000. ELSET=COLUMN. 2 14. 1. -1. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES 5. 0. Poisson's ratio 2. MATERIAL=STEEL 0.1.0. y. T¥PE=ISO **Elastic modulus.0/ 1~0 . strain and section forces S.0Ell. POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES **Stress.4. 0. 6 **Constrain node 14 in the directions x.1 _ 0.

7 11.0.2.ELSET=TRUSS 1\RBrtRARj d1 ftNNt-L 2 kN C / t3 kN 1----4@2m. HISTORY=YES. 0. TYPE=ISO • .~~ RF srn::ss Atb-~l ~10 A fn£-coHcrnTRA. -2ooo. 2.0.7 10.0.2 2.0 _NOpt --c. 8 TR\XS':J MFMf)[RS 13. lox 1c) 'f. ECHO=YES ** The next record is used to enable post-processing *RESTART. 0. \.3 3.4.0 8.-fX18-f~_TttJ~~__ M&kL~_t£ol$___rut!d5ITcT P 1.E NFORC *NODEFILE U 06 _1)\5'P__L. 0.4 4.4.1tW LoAD..=8m----+i.4. 0.---6.TYPE=T3D2. u r---::-~---:-~-~~~:::::'" +4 G +4 E 3 kN .4... 0.5. CF <Eo *ENDSTEP l1wAt---~lOWER~.6 *SOLID SECTION. 0..0.aDJ<D1 . 1.0. ELSET=TRUSS S.3.. WRITE.. 6.=STEEL ** Element Thickness is taken to be unity here: / 12.0.3 '<T V! _~_1E ) *ELASTIC.1.2.0.0 7. 7.4.0._--'<E"AGTo!'\ \ fORUfJ _ .0. 0. 0. FREQ=I *NODE 1.2. 0. A S. MODEL=YES. 2.:- ~1mO _ 2 kN C I <J Q)~f\T-Eb LOADS.j 1.0} 7.0.0 8.1.0. 6.Example of a planar truss with ABAQUS **PREPRINT. 0.3.-NODE_L.MtMffR_L.0Ell.0 *EL Fll.' .5 5. 2.2.Dp~~Nr~ ~ 1.3 ~ YCMNG. 8. 1...8 7.6 6.. ELSET=TRUSS.0 •I NJ\"1':C:$ 5. .'S .j~~\sSD~S *BOUNDARY ~ Rl=S]RPll'N ~Ims 5.2. MATERlAI.8.6.1.E.7 8.INP *HEADING .2.0 2. 0.:~.0.0. 3 *STEP *STATIC *CLOAD 6.~n.. E c*EL PRINT.S"'s":JZ) a- ::L:::'O c: ..~ 017.0.0.1 9.-:..0. 0. ELSET.0.M~!:lut\\~.0 4. 2.. -2000.2.0..0.0 *ELE~NT.7 !MA~RIAL~~~~~" .TRUSS S~ I ~ x.0 3.ABAQUS INPUT FILE TRUSSEX. -2000..

4 ** Define vertical truss element as a special user element.0 0. 4.0. 4 4. 2 2. MODEL=YES.0E6 0. 0. 5 5. 2.7 (V5. LINEAR 1. pages 18. 0. 2. 0. ** o 1.0. 8 8. 6. 7 0.6. 4.6 (V5. 0 -1.20.8) *USER ELEMENT. 0. NODES=2.0. 1. 3 **3. 1. ** pages 23. 0. 1. ** Specify element number and nodal connections of the ** user element (horizontal). 1. 8.8) *USER ELEMENT.0. HISTORY=YES. 0. LINEAR 1. 0 3.0.0. 0 -1.13.OE6 0.OE6 Specify element number and nodal connections of the .0. ECHO=YES ** The next record is used to enable post-processing *RESTART.0.6. ** pages 23. 5.0 *ELEMENT. TYPE=U1. TYPE=U2. 4. 2.8) *MATRIX. 0. 3. 6. ** pages 23. 4. 1 ** 9.2 ** Define the columns of a symmetric stiffness matrix ** for the horizontal element. pages 18. 8.8) *MATRIX.5 (V5. 0.- 8. 6 6. 2. 0. FREQ=l *NODE 1.0.0 0.5.. 7 12.0. 2. 3. l.ABAQUS INPUT FILE TRUSSUSER. 0. 1. ** See ABAQUS User Manual.0 0. 6 ** Define horizontal truss element as a special user element. 6.0E6 0.0.J t3 .1 and 23. TYPE=T3D2.1 and 23. 4. TYPE = STIFFNESS 0. 8 10. ELSET=TRUSS 1-----4@2m. NODES=2.5 (V5. 3. See Abaqus User Manual. 7 13.0 2 kN C 2 kN-----. **PREPRINT. *ELEMENT .2 ** Define the columns of a symmetric stiffness matrix ** for the horizontal element.0. 0. See Abaqus User Manual. kN 7. TYPE=U1. 7.0 0.INP *HEADING Example of a planar truss with ABAQUS and two user-defined elements. ELSET=USERDEF 3.0.20. 6. 7.0. 2.0. See Abaqus User Manual. ** See ABAQUS User Manual. 0. TYPE = STIFFNESS 1.0E6.0 0.13.0.8). 5.=8m----1. 2. 0.0E6.0 0. WRITE. 4. 7 11.7 (V5.

000[-00 AIOQ!JS VENS1DN: TlKE: 21. 2. See Abaqus User Manual. TYPE=U2. Nor ~ I I .lA_S_Eg=._8Rf: .220E-16 H-HB-\9'!19 0. 2.0 8. E *EL PRINT. ELSET=USERDEF 9.0 7. PERTURBATION *STATIC *CLOAD 6. *ELEMENT. -2000.0Ell. pages 23. 2.user element (horizontal). -2000. E ** ** NFORC *NODE FILE U RF CF *END STEP -'\! L D1SPlIH_EHEM1 I'OAGHU'lCATICIN FACtlHI.-V\ S fb ST.-l~ 1 IlCCunulA1I£1l- l!r~'1 TlKE blSPlACED H{SH RESTP.11.:I. ELSET=TRUSS S. 0.B).0E-S *MATERIAL.1·1 2-.UHI" STEP StEP DAn:: L 1"C:~EflE"l 10TIlL tDHPLETED IN nlJS 5. 2. TYPE=ISO 2. 2.s C1::::t.~N_~{ A~t!Q-.6 (VS.5. . 1.DfF J NED _Elf Mf~_. ELSET=USERDEF *SOLID SECTION. 3 *STEP.Rl tiHE FILE . -2000. 3 5. 8 *UEL PROPERTY. =' is. _crrF : . ELSET=TRUSS S.1~OO:51 _. tryn.. MATERIAL=STEEL ** Element Thickness is taken to be unity here: 1.0 *EL FILE. NAME=STEEL *ELASTIC.3 * BOUNDARY 1. ELSET=TRUSS._SH_Q.

8. 0.6667 14. -66. *ELEMENT. USE ONLY HALF THE LENGTH AND APPLY APPROPRIATE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS AT THE NODES IN THE MIDDLE OF THE BEAM. 2.0. -16. 1.0 10.0.7. 21.12. 14. 5. 5. 1. 5. 14.NOT IN ABAQUS EXAMPLE MANUAL SIMPLE SUPPORT AT BOTH ENDS .0. 9. NLGEOM *BUCKLE ** ASK FOR THE FIRST MODE ONLY 1 ***** *CLOAD APPLY CONSISTENT NODAL LOADING 9. 6 14. 3 10. 16.:snSR't::.6667 T(" . 0.12 4.12 *MATERIAL *ELASTIC 2.USING SYMMETRY.0. 5.0. 5. 17.0 9.20. ABAQUS INPUT FILE YARD. 6 9. 1 23. 19.INP *HEADING YARDSTICK ***** ***** ~***** *NODE COLUMN EXAMPLE . 3. 22.0 ' _>*Y~12JNT) rtl. 3. 9. 17. 2 1. 3. 3.41. 4.21.24. 0.0 14.0. 7.6. 1. 0.5.0Ell *BOUNDARY 1. 2. 1 14. 6 15.. 0. 3 15. 0. 1. 1.0. 3.13. 12.0. 4. 0. 10 11 13 *SHELL SECTION 0. 5. 15. 0.12. 4.19. 0 ~-Et' 'S~ETCtt o}\ ~ ~1\6E *NGEN 10. TYPE=S8R 11.6667 23. 1 0. 0.0 15. 0. 18. 23. 15. 1 9. -16. 6 *STEP. 0. 3. 0. 1. THAT IS. 4. 5. 0. 6 10. 1 1 *NGEN 23. 6 23. 3 1.N>QI-MQ1JE"L::No/E"~~NO_- :~GE~· 4.

.lNP .S. POSITION=AVERAGED S. E *EL FILE.1 Example ABAQUS Input Data File YARD. E *NODE FILE RF CF *END STEP • . POSITION=AVERAGED AT NODES AT NODES U *EL PRINT.

Roschke VIEW 1 25.O. 2 . 0. 3.0 . 1 2G. FOR. FOR. 0. 5(0)/1/45. /18.5. y -=.J>j 0.0. FOR. 0. 2. DFEG. 200. 200. PAl. 7. N164 /18. PAl. . FOR. 2/3/4/7 PATCH. 1. FOR. 1" LINE. 0. 4. N19 /74. QUAD/8. PAl.000 MPa.~-----. 5 II i . LINE. N58 /74_1667/. 0.At.= 200. PAl. 200. 1.0. PAl. DFEG. . LINE.1667/. 200. N.5. 200. N87 /74. 4 2G. 200. FOR.S. DFEG.0 . I -=T-- $** j. DFEG. 6 2G. . 3. FOR.0 ARC. FOR. DIS. GRID. 200. PA2. 5. 6.0 2G.5417/. N144 /74. . PAl. PA2. 200.0833/. DFEG. ED2 } Alfl~ b\'5\'lA-CfMarl /0. EDGE.0. EDGE.1667/. .5. 1/7/5/6 MESH. Prof. 3/28/92. LINE. LINE. 0. DIS. 0. -35 GRID. 5. 200. RAtl .0833/.1667/. $** / \ PATCH. DFEG. DFEG. 6. PAl. GRID.5417/. N48 . .0. PAl. 5. 5/9/5/9 MESH. 6. DFEG. 0. DFEG. LINE. END PAl. 200. N. FOR. N29 /37. QUAD/8. 200. 200. 200. DFEG. Nl3S /37. 5(0)/1/45.25. PAl. PAl.0001 2 1 N DFEG. DFEG.0. FOR. N1l6 /74. LINE. PAl. 1 ARC.. 4. 2. 2.0833/.1667/. FOR. PAl.' SE"SIoM J rL PrT-b Ito L-F S"ES FILE GO 1 1 1 $** Patran session file for one quarter of a flat plate $** that has a circular hole. ED4 coNSTR~INT-S. 5 2G. GRID. 4. . DFEG.~ s- G'N\ A ~B ! ! i s. N77 /37. 2. 2. N106 /37_0833/. 5/9/5/9 EQUIV Y $** 1. \ I I 7H/~C:SS:.

MESH.. 2G" 4.5. GR..2G.40.. GR.INTDVACE 6..st" Z SR1DS ToDEfINt fr l.7/3/4/5 $$ GENERATE ELEIViENTS FOR EACH PATCH .7.EVER BEAM WITH AN END LOAD OF 1 kN.2.3 $$ $$ CREATE PATCHES WITHIN LINES $$ PA.2G.0.6. TRII . 1.RE3...PA2.N. EDG" 112/7/6 ~~2.3.n . GR.. ROSCHKE so _PATcJt 02-25-92) J.3..OM. .0 .N. Pll'I...' y HIN1= ~ 00 1 1 Lt Nt I 2. GR. $$ $$ EQUIVALENCE THE NODES r~~r / 3-ND1:JFTR1A-N6:LES.5.SES $$$ PATRAN SESSION FILE FOR A CANTll.2G" 1..0.( $$ J11~JD.O.5.I GR.4/32/4/32~ ])(V lSI ONs tI:!. EDG.0.0.4 LI. ~-_:____--I---"1I)--j-:-------'1 ~e ~$ $$ CHANGE GEOMETRIC COORDINATES $$ ..2G.O..20.O.O.LTS 5. MESH. $$$'~K $$$ MODELED BY: OSCAR R.2G... SERNA and PROF.2 LI.I...1 7\JE .0... 5 LI.fH'l..• .fH'LY2E 4. I' '&'D5E'"~ .0.3 LI. $$ CONNECT NODES BY DEFINED LINES $$ r lJ.. $$ M:lIE'i' LCEa'£TR'( 2. S VIEW 1 25.2.20.OI"<N •. 1 1.4/32/4/32 .PATRAN SESSION FILE PSTRBEAM.4.1 LI.3.40.-c.f'Q_ 8 ' ~ ~ •• JI ····-· _n. '.6.2... .0.2G. GR.0..TRIl3.-35 $$ $$ DEFINE GRIDS (NODES) $$ PATC...0.l"O.0. STeP 7.6 LI..O.4.6..0.6..PAI.J4 i PATCH 2 I.2.2.2.H 2.'I'SI5 /'X)CEL 3.0.-1NE~ LI. n.NS ALD"ff E[):jE" a.

· - \ .

H fRDtv\ 2 HPAT.BR. Pll"Lf'Cl_ • GO 1 1 $** $** $** 1 3-D PATRAN SESSION FILE FOR A CANTILEVERED BEAM.0 HP. DIS.60... 1/3/1/3/2 HP9.BR.Ftfl. ~ 4.-ISEFuL COMMANDS! l 1 N _ StfOW1 b4ow} END fAc. . 3.RESU.2P ... MESH. -35 SET.FAl 0.N.0.2 <. AECIRC. MODEL DESIGN BY OSCAR R.2#.2. OFF SET.0001 2 anttR . PHASE1.HEX/20.5..Y2E B..-:F"~NA t. .HEX/20.5/0. Raschke (3-28-92).--HPi cDG€"¥-} Hr'2..0/0. 0/0/0." f-l"WEg"PATcHtS HPAT. MA¥£ tlY~AI(. 1/3/1/3/2 HP7.1. . 1/4/1/4/2 HP4.£7\lC6J) I Nt5WS? MOrE? LGECtElR'I' 5. 1 .. SERNA (01-23-92) and Prof. II'mFf'FI:E 2.N.0.N.0/12.F1.33333333333.fffl. MESH.1.60.0/0. J VIEW 1 ) 25.N. 1/4/1/4/2 HP6.0/0. 0.. sree MOJ:EJ.0/6. $** $** HP2. 1/3/1/3/2 HP8. DFEG. 200.SES . MESH.T5 7.2#. BR.0/0 PA.HEX/20. LABEL.N..HEX/20.. OFF SET. 1/3/1/3/2 HP2. Dimensions are given in mm.. LABN. OFF MESH. MESH..0/12... 2#.HEX/20.N. MESH. EQUIV y fttrcHES.YSIS 6. 3 -E--S~BDN\Dt.5 SET.HEX/20.5.PATRAN SESSION FILE 3DPAT.1 } HPAT. OFF P~.

GR.1. roO)"1' ?ATC. O.7.2 LI. 30.SES $$$ $$$ $$$ $$$ GO 1 1 PATRAN SESSION FILE FOR A CANTILEVER LOAD OF 3 N/m. EDG. 4/32/4/32 MESH. 60. . O. O. 5. 6.5. 0.0.3 LI.-35 $$ $$ DEFINE GRIDS (NODES) $$ GR.2G. . 0.- $$ EQUIV Y 0.6. .4.. . PAl. 1.2.0.4 LI. 1. TRI/3..0. O..3 $$ $$ CREATE PATCHES WITHIN LINES $$ PA.00001 2 1 .-53 PATRAN SESSION FILE CANTDIST. O.4... GR.6.0. 3.6 LI. $$ $$ CONNECT NODES BY DEFINED LINES $$ LI. N.0. . r 0. GR. 0.l..0.6. 2..2G.7/3/4/5 $$ $$ GENERATE ELEMENTS FOR EACH PATCH $$ MESH.. GR.2.2G. 6. 6. 6.3. r 30.0. MODELED BY PROF.5.2G.1/2/7/6 PA. r 60. GR.l LI.0.5 LI. ROSCHKE (02-22-94) BEAM WITH A DISTRIBUTED 1 $$ $$ CHANGE GEOMETRIC COORDINATES $$ VIEW 1 25. PA2. N. 2.+t 2.2G. O. EDG. 4.0.0.2G.3.0.2G. 0.. TRI/3. 4/32/4/32 $$ $$ EQUIVALENCE THE NODES I ~ / PATCH 1.0.

LABT. DIS. LABN.E. Cone. 0. APPLY LOAD IN THE FORM OF A SERIES OF CONCENTRATED LOADS. FOR NOW. VOL 2. APPLY DISTRIBUTED LOAD ALONG THE TOP BOUNDARY OF EACH PATCH. CLEAN UP THE SCREEN PRASE1. LABEL. . .0/2. PAGE 11-12. SET. 10. 10/0. PlTP2.05. FOR ALL 10 ELEMENTS PFEG. AECIRC. 70. Force Calc. USE TRIBUTARY AREAS.N $$ $$ SET. OFF OFF OFF OFF DISPLAY (LESS CLUTTER) ASSIGN MATERIAL PROPERTIES TO A GROUP ARBITRARILY PMAT. 27. OFF $$ PLOT OUT A FRESH VIEW PLOT EQUIVALENCING SCREEN DISPLAY CICLES AT NODES . 2{O).0E1l.8125/0/0/0/0. PAl.INP FILE AND CHANGE THE LOAD AT THE FIRST AND LAST NODES TO BE 1/2 OF THAT USED ON THE OTHER NODES (I. SET. ED2 DFEG.FIXED AT LEFT END OF BEAM SEE PATRAN USER'S GUIDE. SET. ISO. ED1 DFEG. 0. P1TP2. = 3 N/m x 30 meters / 32 divisions FORC.. DON'T FORGET TO GO INTO THE . IN LIEU OF PATABA PROBLEMS. APPLY BOUNDARY CONDITIONS . MAKE THE CHANGE 'BY HAND').0E9. $$ $ TURN OFF GEOMETRIC SET.30 $$ $$ NUMBERED 10 $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$ $$' END PROPERTY GENERATION TRI/3.

GRID.i 1.0/0.0 x 7 Tc.0/0.0 1.. PRINT.0/100.. GRID.PATRAN SESSION FILE CYLIN. $ $ DEFINE A NEW WINDOW WINDOW 4 PLOT $ I I I I i 100. $ $ $ 1. 0/0.0 0.PRT CYLINDRICAL SHELL BUILDER 2/18/94 $ $ $ SET. DEFINE A VIEW TO ALLOW OVERALL VIEWING VIEW 1 23.0 0.OFF $ $ FILE FOR PRINTING THE RESULTS OF THIS SESSION.0/0.2 SO THAT THE MESH WILL BE VIsiBLE. PAGE 7-202 ::t: A""'15 G. GRID.0 $ $ DEFINE A LINE THAT WILL BE ROTATED TO FORM THE CYLINDRICAL SURFACE SEE PATRAN MANUAL. GO 1 1 1 $ SESSION FILE FOR COMPOSITE $ CYLIN.SES The sample PATRAN session file shown on the following two pages generates input to ABAQUS for one-half of a long cylindrical shell structure using a large number of 8noded quadrilateral finite elements. if- LINE. -34 PLOT $ $ $ DEFINE REFERENCE 1" 2" 3" 4" GRID POINTS FOR USE IN BUILDING PATCHES GRID.0/100. .0/0.0/0. 2G" 1.SES TURN OFF THE PATRAN.

P1.0.a-NODE QUADRILATERALS CFEG.30". QUAD/8. ARC.0.96E11. PHASE1.. ~/30 GENERATE FIN TE ELEMENTS . . 10 $ $ DISPLACEMENT FIRST. ISO. $ 1. ALONG BOUNDARY BOTTOM CONDITIONS FIX ALL NODES $ $ EDGE: DFEG. P1. PG. DISP. EDl $ $ SECOND. $ 0/0/0/0/0/0. 18E3 GFEG. QUAD~' $ $ . 12-2 PFEG. $ $ PERFORM GEOMETRIC tN EQUIV s * * ~~Ml~~) OFF AND ANALYSIS MODEL LABELS ON THE SCREEN FOR READABILITY SET. EQUIVALENCING . $ 10/1. 10 PROPERTY GENERAT N SEE PATRAN MAN . PG. USE ARC SEGMENTS. TURN OFF GEOMETRY OFF LABELS FOR READABILITY ELEMENT LABELS TURN OFF NODE SET. OFF $ PLOT ON THE SCREEN PLOT . ALONG TOP EDGE: FIX ALL NODES DFEG. 7-218 PATCH. SET. P1. ED3 TO ELIMINATE EXTRA NODES. 0. $ 0/0/0/0/0/0. PROPERTIES 1 $ MATERIAL i ~ ~ $ PMAT. 2(36E3). OFF * TURN OFF TRIANGULAR MAKE A FINAL SET. DEFINE~~ES ON PATCHES . LABT. SEE PATRAN MANUAL. 2. DISP. 10.$ $ $ DEFINE PATCHES AS CONNECTING GRID POINTS IN SOME CASES.. LABEL. P1. LABN. P1. G3/G4/180.

10. Ie . 0. 51. 1. . 0.0. 0. 0. Roschke GO 1 1 1 VIEW 1 25. PRINT. • :3 I o . lL. 0/0/-100.0.0. 1. . 0. FOR.v. 2 $* CRt:ATE" FINITE nFMEf{f NotiES_ GFEG. -35 / $** SET.0E11. 2.0 GRID. u. 1 $** $* BOUNDARY CONDITIONS AND LOADS DFEG. . $** 3/28/92..PAl RAtI SESSloM.0. G. 2G.. 6 $* PROPERTY OF STEEL PMAT.0 $** LINE. N6 DFEG.0. 0/0/0/0/0/0. 200. 2. 1L.· ! $** Patran session file for a Euler beam buckling problem. . . 0. 1L. 1. 200._ . BEAM/2. Nl END • '2... Prof.. -1. DIS.LER.0 $* NEXT GRID IS FOR BEAM CROSS-SECTION ORIENTATION GRID. 3. 1.~_~'SS_.0/. 'L? S"' 4 $* ASSIGN MATERIAL PROPERTIES PFEG. BAR.3 $* GENERATE FINITE E~ENTS CFEG. 0. GRID. 1L. . FIlE ~. 1L. . ISO..0. 1. .

The procedure in the following description can be run from several different hardware platforms.'"'Ie.-t. Note: the . That is. • A DEC-31 00 workstation running X-windows connected to the SGI terminator.1 !~ POST PRELIM1NARIES First: a successful ABAQUS job must be completed in which you include a record similar to "'RESTART. At the completion of the ABAQUS job you must have a file with the extension" . etc. • etc.i'\~~S .IeM\'I)e. FREQ=l before the "'NODE record in the .res" which is a restart file. • A PC running an X-windows emulation software connected to the SGI terminator machine. a graphical display of output is possible through use of ABAQUS POST. A sketch of the important files and software packages is shown below. !S. IJi I~~ res~ PIr. There are several ways to reduce the size of these files. Details are described in the following sections. usually right after the "'HEADER record you include the above command within your ABAQUS input file. The set of ABAQUS user manuals have one volume dedicated to POST. • A Sun SparcStation running X-windows connected to the VAX cluster.res and . Examples are: • A PC running an X-windows emulation software connected to a VAX environment.POST PROCESSING (ABAQUS POST) After running ABAQUS and obtaining a successful set of output files.. If this file is not present you will not be successful in running ABAQUS POST. .inp file.fil files can become very large. WRITE..

You first logon to the workstation that you want to display the results on. That is. po i he 1.-'-::1 zoom. The next step involves starting the X-windows application.) needs to be informed as to what type of machine you are using (that is..F set. Note the use of several dummy paths and filenames that are given as examples.ll N) I( _/ N) cl --. undeformed=off set.res where 'filename' is the name of the input file you ran earlier with ABAQUS. 'I ~ C. external window. what the ethernet node name or address for the machine on which you are trying to view ABAQUS POST. A typical command on the 'terminator' machine might be abaqus post device=xwindow restart=filename. lowercase/uppercase is extremely critical)..<).l'/\A 1. STAAl font. v=mises V~ (SIRA. eigenmode=3.3 set. namely in this case.res~:___~_re5t O-'V'-T.) This is usually done through a command or set of commands. v=(1.~~ &T.3 resultsf. ABAQUS POST.5CJ. Then. restart. etc. the 'mainframe' (VAX. cursor Crt!£R.2.f'€. hide=off :51RB\M rll. fi11=on contour._J1tnJ _'_ draw draw.$ f 4 set.£ e.2) __ g: 0 '5~ __ &:E. name=soft.. displaced " fNl1Kr" Fl [. It-Ie ~ of) .-~ .m. window=2 \L set. file=/1itelhotuser/filename. A more complete list is available in the ABAQUS POST documentation manual.H\ €V\t ::. the commands to the 'big' machine (SGI or VAX) that may take one of the following forms: rlogin -L terminator setenv DISPLAY civilthink:O (from a SUN workstation) (Note: in UNIX. 0 Ie. SGI. If this command is successful. The order is somewhat random.~~qYl~~lcC\.l 1 \.eli set) . BASIC ABAQUS POST COMMANDS The following list summarizes commonly used commands with ABAQUS POST. You may need to resize or reposition the new window on your screen.t'l(\'r\::' 2..) Second: In general..t7J~ n9. (One is to reduce the frequency of output by increasing the FREQ parameter shown above. file=llitelhotuser/filename. a new window will open on your workstation. but fairly typical. set. N NUMBERS (on) -t.e_ __ 0----GON\fV1AND.. shrink=O.fil view. these commands tell the ABAQUS POST where your viewing monitor is connected to the network.

window bounds set.black/white) (Teague building . hardcopy=off restart. etc.o\-\t-O\JIrl \Je.cle..b\o. Alternative devices for output are hgl. To print out a hardcopy of this file. This '..ps'.mpl' file while running the ABAQUS POST program.ps > xprint -dcxrx.color) Another way to obtain help is to use the UNIX command on the SGI machine: . xll.ps (Zachry basement . res (Starts ABAQUS POST) filename (give a response of your filename) y (Replace? This message only appears sometimes.ps' file can be sent to a Postscript printing device through an ftp command. qms. OY\ = The basic procedure in moving from an ABAQUS POST screen image to a color hardcopy on a postscript printer is described in what follows. c.det~\Y s4 J JI \=0)\ rJ\s ~-t::.ps.-'\ ?Lol s4. increment=5 system Y. :::hr\\se5 bo show.s~o. Examples of output commands are: > xprint -dxrxzcc -f1111 -p filename..'r~~)e. hardcopy=on draw. use the 'xprint' command.ps -f1111 -p filename. Then run another code that is called ABAQUS PLOT that is used to convert the' . and t41.YI K .mpl' file to a postscript file that has an extension .) c (color) [Enter] (no dashed lines) [Enter] (landscape) [Enter] (one frame per page) [Enter] (all plots) N (No ABAQUS logo) [Enter] (No separate file) [Enter] (No black) The output file (if this is successful) might have the name 'filename. displaced set. A typical session for ABAQUS PLOT might be as follows: abaqus plot device=cps restart = filename.. Finally. The first step is to generate a '. this file is sent to a PostScript printer. step=2 restart.

'scratch'). File." OK 12. select "hinge_beam" with double click on mo~e (This should open up the graphical image which.Options. Options. Options. Undeformed shape (this shows the undeformed shape with element labels) 8. click on box for "Superimpose undeformed plot. 2. Plot. The following description assumes X-windows communication with the titan or k2 (SGI) machine. Options. Other.odb Determine the deflection of a simple fixed-end beam with a distributed load and a binge at an interior location. at this point. Undeformed shape. Options. OK 6. 1. 10. (be patient). click "Show element labels. Click on "Plot Deformed Shape" icon on the left side of the screen (shows deformed shape) 9." OK 7. click on "Shrink elements" box. is a straigh~~IAbG-'\~ +0. XY Plot.. Undeformed shape butto~t@ick "Show element labels." OK 5. Open. Click on "Plot Deformed Shape" icon on the left side of the screen . Deformed shape. 11..ABAQUS VIEWER EXAMPLE hinge_beam.g.odb. Log onto 'titan' or 'k2' and move into directory that you want to work in (e. abaqus viewer (Start Abaqus Viewer software) 3. ~. Also before the step below are run. Deformed shape. Click "Animate Scale Factor" icon on the left side of the screen (shows deformed shape animating).2 or later) must have created a file with the name hinge_beam.6 4. an Abaqus run (with Abaqus version 6.

Labels tab.odb.g. Click on "Plot Deformed Shape" icon on the left side of the screen (shows deformed shape) 10." OK 7. click "Show element labels. OK 6. select '<yard" with double click on mouse (This should open up the graphical image which. Basic tab. Plot.ABAQUS VIEWER EXAMPLE yard. Click "Animate Scale Factor" icon on the left side of the screen (shows deformed shape animating) . Labels tab. 2. click on "Shrink elements" box. Undeformed shape. abaqus viewer (Start Abaqus Viewer software) 3. . Undeformed shape button. Deformed shape. File. click "Superimpose undeformed plot. Options. L Log onto <titan' or <k2' and move into directory that you want to work in (e. Other tab. <scratch'). click "Show element labels." OK 5. Deformed shape.2 or later) must have created a file with the name yard. at this point. Also before the step below are run. Options. an Abaqus run (with Abaqus version 6. Undeformed shape (this shows the undeformed shape with element labels) 9. Open." OK 8. Options.odb Determine the buckling deflection of a simply-supported beam with an in-plane load. is a straight line). Options. 4. The following description asswnes X-windows communication with the titan or k2 (SOl) machine.

Load/BCs (begin to apply displacement b. Enter 5. (Prepare to create beam elements to represent the beam). Continue (Make part and exit Create Part dialog box) 7. Output Database.1 m on each side. Step menu. Create. Edit Beam Section. abaqus cae (Start Abaqus Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE» Create Model Database (press button to start a new database) Module: Part (Use the pull-down menu near "Module") Part. OK 18. 2. Create. fixcant2. 0.c. File. OK (leave the File menu) 24. 13. Base feature: Planar wire Approximate Size: 5.g. Poisson's ratio. Log onto 'terminator' and move into directory that you want to work in (e. Geometry/Create/CurvelPoint (define a curve with 2 end points) 29. Continue.Instance. Save. Module: Assembly. Description: Static Concentrated Load. New Group Name: beam elements 27. Create (See main menu at top of window or use icon at left) Name: fixcant2. Property. CreatelDisplacementINodal (specify nodal displacement) 33. 5. 28. Press RED X to Cancel Procedure. [Enter] 8. OK 14. Section. Name: Steel. BC.s) 32. Continue. Material is steel and the crossection is square with a dimension of 0. 2. Continue. Mechanical. Apply/Cancel (define this group and end the group menu). New Database Name: fixcant (type this in one of the lower boxes) 23. Linear Properties.. click with mouse on beam. 26. Elastic. 20. Create. Modeling space: 2D Planar. Ending Point List [500] IApply (specify20d point on curve) 31. The following description assumes X-windows communication with the Terminator (SGI) machine. Section. Section Integration: during analysis. Module. Select "Beam". OK 19. 2el1. Assign. 6. 16.0eIl. 22. Analysis Code: Abaqus /OK (Specify Abaqus) 25. Name: Step-I.0 in the box at the bottom of the screen. Starting Point List: [0 0 0] (specify 1st point on curve) 30. Done (leave the sketch) 11.3. Choose "Create Lines Connected" icon and enter 0. Done 17.Elasticity. Group/Create.. 2eIl. [Enter]. [OK] (stee material) 15. [Enter] (Enter the end of the beam) 9. New Set Name: fixed (give a name to the end bes) . fixcant2. Output (main menu). 3. 4. Type: deformable. Create 21. (Stop adding lines) 10. Material. [Ok] 12.41 ABAQUS CAE EXAMPLE fixcant2 Determine the deflection of a simple cantilever beam subjected to a single transverse load. Name: Rectangular_section. Module: LoadlBCIIC.0 in the box at the bottom of the screen. Create. 'scratch'). Young's modulus. 1. Module: Step.