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Dr. Juan R. Cspedes, Ph.D.

Lectures on Communism Dening aws and attributes shared by communist systems despite their geographical differences: Cultural Disdain of bourgeoisie morality (especially religion) All media and education reects Marxist ideals Economic Widespread poverty (appeals to lower economic classes) Government owned property Centralized planning Collectivization of agriculture and industry Arbitrary pricing systems/trade mainly limited to the Soviet Union & allies (COMECON) Heavy industry emphasized (resulted in lack of consumer goods) Countries are usually economically backwards

Social Persecution of the intelligentsia Educational system of reects Marxist ideas Media censorship Propaganda Individual incentive lost Political Totalitarian governments Secret police and block captains (civilian informers) The use of torture Inefcient party bureaucracy Military force/domestic and foreign policy Elimination of opposition