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Major Project 2011

LAN CABLE TESTER

ABSTRACT
The aim of this project is to design and construct a LAN Cable Tester. It is a tool for testing LAN cables to find all the problems associated with the cable. The fault in any of the wire in the cable can easily be detected by the use of this small but useful instrument and the speed can be enhanced very easily which was earlier dumped by the cable fault. One of the primary objectives of an Engineer is to endeavor to deliver the best product or the most efficient services at the lowest cost to the end user. Our project was found to meet the expected results. This project uses coding in assembly language to provide a very efficient algorithm for carrying out the required task. The block diagram, the associated technology, algorithms, the software and hardware requirements are all well illustrated to assist good understanding. As of true for most project effort of this nature, progress also contributes after the work. For this reason we devoted a significant effort to the selection of techniques whose value is likely to remain applicable in a rapidly involving body of knowledge. We had immense benefit from this project in that we learned a great deal in the domain of Network Cable Testing which was entirely a new field for us to work and we trust that this project gives contribute in this field. As is true of most writing efforts of this nature, progress continues after the work on the manuscript stop. For this reason, we devoted significant effort to the selection of the material that we believe is fundamental, and whose values likely to be applicable in a rapidly evolving body of knowledge. Introduction gives an overview about the project. The recent technologies used are explained in brief. Moving on to the Circuit Diagram and Description, various parts of the project are involved in order to explain various steps taken in project. Description of each block is given in detail to give a clear vision of each step.

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Major Project 2011

LAN CABLE TESTER

INTRODUCTION
A cable tester is an electronic device which is used to verify the electrical connections in a cable or other wired assembly. Generally a cable tester consists of a source of electric current, a voltmeter and a switching matrix used to connect the current source and the voltmeter to all of the contact points in a cable. In addition to these parts a cable tester may also have a microcontroller and a display to automate the testing process and display the testing results. A cable tester is used to verify that all of the intended connections exist and that there are no unintended connections in the cable being tested. When an intended connection is missing it is said to be "open" (as in Open circuit). When an unintended connection exists it is said to be a "short" (as in Short circuit). A connection is said to be "miswired" if it has two faults: it is open to the correct contact and shorted to an incorrect contact. Generally, the testing is done in two phases. The first phase, called the opens test makes sure each of the intended connections is good. The second phase, called the shorts test makes sure there are no unintended connections. Network Cable Tester is a tool for testing LAN cables, Data communication cables and Tele-communication cables. It finds all problems associated with testing such faults as opens, shorts, cable integrity and it also finds cable length of individual cables or distance to a fault.

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Major Project 2011

LAN CABLE TESTER

DESCRIPTION
One of the most popular experiments that users with multiple PC’s will try is the installation of a home network or LAN. LAN stands for Local Area Network; the correct term applied to any network installed in a limited physical area. In the not-toodistant past, it was common practice to install home LAN’s using coaxial cable, as it was simple to install, readily available, prefabricated in standard lengths and it required no additional components besides the Network Interface Card (NIC) and some hardware like tees and terminators. The alternative was to use unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable, usually called 10Base-T cable. This cable resembles the standard telephone cable found in most homes today, except that it is heavier, having four pairs of wires instead of two pairs. Because of the additional four wires, the modular plug used with 10Base-T is an eight-conductor device, which is known as an RJ-45 connector. The term 10Base-T is used to indicate the character of the LAN, with the “10″ referring to the maximum transmission speed of 10Mbps. The “Base” portion of the designation refers to “baseband signaling” and is used to indicate that the medium is carrying Ethernet signals only. The “T” suffix indicates that the transmission medium is a twisted-pair wire. Using 10Base-T with more than two PC’s requires the installation of an additional connectivity device. This device can be a hub, a switch, or a router, depending upon the particular requirements of the LAN. All of this means that the user will be installing multiple connecting cables of varying lengths, and possibly of varying circuit schemes. In general, there will be one cable connecting each PC to the hub. Additional cables may be used to chain multiple hubs together, or to connect the hub to a broadband modem, or to connect a second NIC in certain PC’s to another LAN. 10Base-T cables are also available prefabricated in standard lengths. It is not the intent of this project to go into any detail on the steps involved in the fabrication of LAN cables. Rather, it deals with the steps in making a tester for these cables that one can use in conjunction with the multimeter to quickly verify the proper assembly of 10Base-T cables. The choice between using prefabricated cables and “rolling your own” is a matter of personal preference. Some users will choose to simply purchase prefabricated cables, plug them in, and hopefully have an operable LAN. Others will decide to assemble the

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However. The UTP jacket stripper is usually built into the crimper tool assembly. it will work as a basic continuity tester for any standard UTP/RJ-45 cable as used in an Ethernet installation. When the LAN doesn’t perform as expected or maybe doesn’t even seem to connect at all. as the cable connector will not require large holes to be drilled in walls. then obviously the time is at hand for some basic LAN troubleshooting and troubleshooting will sometimes require test equipment. ceilings. An added benefit is found when actually pulling the cables into place. prices for the necessary tools will vary based upon supplier and area. Of course. or floors. overall costs may well even out. The purpose of this project is to create a simple but reliable 10Base-T cable tester or LAN cable tester. This project is a basic continuity tester rather than a performance level test device.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER LAN cables as they are needed. Depending upon the number of cables required. It is intended for use as a troubleshooting tool for basic connectivity testing rather than for performance issue resolution. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 4 . as the cost savings realized with bulk cable will be reduced by the cost of the necessary cable assembly tools. which provides the option of having cables that are exactly the right length.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER COMPONENTS USED RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 5 .

Power supply  Step Down Transformer  Diode  7805 IC  LED 2. Reset circuitry  Switch  Resistance  Capacitor POWER SUPPLY RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 6 . LCD Display  LCD (2 by 16)  Diode  Resistance 4. Processing circuitry  89s52 Microcontroller  Crystal Oscillator  Capacitor  LAN Wire Connector  LEDs 3.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER 1.

 Diode: RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 7 .Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER  Step Down Transformer: We use 5 volt regulated supply for the whole circuit. In this project we use step down transformer to step down the voltage from 220 volt ac to 9-0-9 volt ac. For this. Transformer current rating is 750 mA. This AC is further connected to the rectifier circuit for AC to DC conversion. we can either use step down transformer to step down the voltage or 7805 regulator to reduce the voltage from 9 volt to 5 volt dc.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER In this project we use IN 4007 diode as a rectifier. Capacitor converts the pulsating dc into smooth dc and this DC is connected to the Regulator circuit for Regulated 5 volt DC.  LED: RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 8 . To convert the pulsating dc into smooth dc we use Electrolytic capacitor as a main filter. we use two diodes as a full wave rectifier. IN 4007 is a special diode to convert the AC voltage into DC.  7805 IC: This IC is used to gain regulated power supply. Here. Output of a rectifier is pulsating DC.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER A power LED is used in this section to observe the correct functioning of power supply. PROCESSING CIRCUITRY RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 9 .

89S52 microcontrollers is a low-power. we use one microcontroller to control all the transfer voltage. and clock circuitry. a six-vector two-level interrupt architecture. 32 I/O lines.  Crystal Oscillator: RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 10 . on-chip oscillator. Pin no. 40 of the microcontroller is connected to the positive supply. Pin no. 9 is connected to external resistor capacitor to provide an automatic reset option when power is on. 256 bytes of RAM. a full-duplex serial port. three 16-bit timer/counters. This device is manufactured using Atmel high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standard 89S52 microcontrollers and 89S52 microcontroller’s instruction set and pin out.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER  89S52 Microcontroller: In this project. 20 is connected to the ground. 8-bit microcomputer with 8K bytes of programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The 89S52 microcontrollers provides the following standard features: 8K bytes of Flash. 89s52 microcontroller is a family member of the 8051 controllers. Pin no. high-performance.

The most common type of piezoelectric resonator used is the quartz crystal. A crystal oscillator is an electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a very precise frequency. This frequency is commonly used to keep track of time (as in quartz wrist watches). so oscillator circuits designed around them became known as “crystal oscillators”. But the frequency of the resonators varies a lot. We can also resonators instead of costly crystal which are low cost and external capacitor can be avoided. It is good to go for a 33pf capacitor. for example. to provide a stable clock signal for digital integrated circuits. The forms of practical capacitors vary widely. consist of metal foils separated by a layer of insulating film. Whenever ever we are using crystals we need to put the capacitor behind it to make it free from noises. Crystals provide the synchronization of the internal function and to the peripherals. but all contain at least two conductors separated by a non-conductor.  LAN Wire Connectors: RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 11 . Capacitors used as parts of electrical systems.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Pin no 18 and 19 is connected to external crystal oscillator to provide a clock to the circuit. and to stabilize frequencies for radio transmitters and receivers. And it is strictly not advised when used for communications projects.  Capacitor: A capacitor (formerly known as condenser) is a device for storing electric charge.

These LEDs are used to show the correct functioning of all the 8 wires of the cable. LCD DISPLAY RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 12 . 8 LEDs are for the input signal and 8 for the output signal.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER These connectors are used to connect the both ends of the testing wire.  LEDs: In this project we use total 16 LEDs to check the continuity of wire. It is also called a RJ-45 connector. Out of 16 LEDs.

This LCD produce the message “ok” if the wire is correctly working and “not ok” if any wire of the cable is defected.  Resistance: The electrical resistance of an electrical element measures its opposition to the passage of an electric current.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER  LCD (2 by 16): LCD is used to display the messages. In this project we use 2 lines and 16 characters LCD to display the message on the screen. RESET CIRCUITRY RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 13 . the inverse quantity is electrical conductance. 2 by 16 LCD have 2 rows and 16 columns to display the output.  Diode: A diode is a two terminal electronic component that conducts electric current in only one direction. measuring how easily electricity flows along a certain path.

 Switch: Switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit. On the circuit we connect one resistor and capacitor circuit to provide a RESET option when power is ON. We need to restart the microcontroller to start.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Pin no. the 8051 doesn’t start. As soon as we give the power supply. Restarting the microcontroller is nothing but giving a Logic 1 to the RESET pin at least for the 2 clock pulses. interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another. it is good to go for a small circuit which can provide the 2 clock pulses as soon as the microcontroller is powered. So. 9 of the controller is connected to the reset circuit. The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts.  Resistance: RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 14 . This is not a big circuit we are just using a capacitor to charge the microcontroller and again discharging via resistor.

WORKING OF THE CIRCUIT RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 15 . The forms of practical capacitors vary widely. for example. measuring how easily electricity flows along a certain path.  Capacitor: A capacitor (formerly known as condenser) is a device for storing electric charge. Capacitors used as parts of electrical systems.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER The electrical resistance of an electrical element measures its opposition to the passage of an electric current. the inverse quantity is electrical conductance. but all contain at least two conductors separated by a non-conductor. consist of metal foils separated by a layer of insulating film.

we use one microcontroller to control all the transfer voltage and one LCD to display the messages. Out of 16 LEDs. Both end of the assembled cable is plugged into each of the tester units.  This tester is a very simple two-piece unit that allows one person to check the operation of 10Base-T cables with a minimum of fuss. For this. If a wire is broken.  In this project we show that how we can check the LAN or any other cable with the smart point to point checking method. Only one output can be high at any time. we can either use step down transformer to step down the voltage or 7805 regulator to reduce the voltage from 9 volt to 5 volt dc. We use 5 volt regulated supply for the whole circuit. Along with the LCD and microcontroller. then LCD shows a ‘NOT OK’ message. then connected LED is ON and LCD shows a message on screen. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 16 . If the wire passes the voltage successfully. the corresponding LED will not glow. which is a family member of the 8051 controllers.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER  In this project. If even a single wire is not transferring the voltage. In this method of wire testing. So we use a unit that has 8 outputs. we notice that the LEDs glow one by one successively. We use 2 lines and 16 characters LCD to display the message on the screen. If all the points are okay then LCD display an ‘OK’ message. we use total 16 LEDs to check the continuity of wire. We use 89s52 controller. So microcontroller checks all the eight wires one by one and shows the result on LCD. each one of which produces a pulse successively. Then we use two RJ-45 connectors and we apply the pulses to the 8 pins of one connector (A) and we connect LEDs at the pins of the other connector (B). we pass voltage from one end to another end to each wire. 8 LEDs are for the input signal and 8 for the output signal. If we connect a straight LAN cable.

which has only one RJ-45 connector and 8 LEDs. If we connect a cross wire.8. then we can construct a remote board.5.3.6. so that we can watch easily. then the order of LEDs glowing changes to 1. Then plug one end of the cable to connector (A) on main board and connect the other end to the remote unit.7.4. So we can labor the LEDs in that order. If both ends of the cable are not close enough to be plugged onto the circuit.2.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Just watch the LEDs. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 17 .

3. The properties of copper foil are: • • • • Thickness………………35μ meter Thickness tolerance……+5 μ meter Purity of Copper……….99. polyester etc. A good PCB design ensures that the noise introduced as a result of component placement and track layout is held within limits while still providing components years of assembly maintenance and performance reliability. WHERE AND WHY ARE PCB’S USED? Printed circuits boards are used to route electric signals through copper track which are firmly bonded to an insulating base.1594 PREPARATION OF SINGLE SIDED PCB RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 18 . PCB’s are simulated with mass production with less chance of writing error.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER PCB FABRICATION Printed Circuit Boards play a vital role here in determining the overall performance of the electronic equipment. Advantages of PCB over common wiring are: 1. Servicing in simplified.8% Resistivity at 20oC……. 2.0. PCB’s are necessary for connecting a large number of electronic components in a very small area with minimum parasitic effects. epoxy paper. Copper foil used for copper clad is manufactured by the process of electronic deposition. The base materials used for PCB’s are glass epoxy. Small components are easily mounted. 4..

Then the PCB is dyed in a tray. changes their solubility in developer but after exposure to light is not soluble. The photo resist is an organic solution which when exposed to light of proper wavelength. The coated copper clad and laminated film negative is kept in intimate contact with each other.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER In a single sided PCB the conductor tracks run only on one side of copper clad board. The dye reveals the flux to be used for a particular photo resist. Laminate coating of photo resist is done by (i) (ii) (iii) Spray coating Dip coating Roller coating. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 19 . The assembly is exposed to UV light and is rinsed in the developer tank. Proper developer has to be used for a particular photo resist and then the PCB is dyed in a tray. It is mechanically and chemically cleansed. Base materials are selected according to application. Thus crossing of conductors is not allowed.

RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 20 . ETCHING: The copper clad PCB is etched with ferrous chloride solution containing a small amount of Hydro Chloric Acid for increasing activeness of Ferric Chloride in etching. FABRICATION: The required circuit is designed and the layout of the circuit is done on the component side as well as the copper clad side. Wherever the varnish coating is there the copper remains. Spaces are provided for holes to insert the respective components. Etch resistant ink coatings are given on the interconnecting marks. Then it is washed with water and Oxalic Acid.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER STEPS IN PREPARATION OF PCB LAYOUT: The layout can be done either by hand or by using PCB designing software like ORCAD or PROTEL.

During the soldering process the flux acts as a medium for improving the degree of melting. the various components are arranged at proper locations on the PCB and then the soldering is done. it may happen that the solid attracts the liquid surface. After the PCB fabrication is done. Removes oxide from the surface. Care must be taken that the melting point of solder is below that of the metal so that its surface is melted without melting without the metal. 2.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER DRILLING: The required holes of suitable size are drilled using twist drill. Now the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) is complete and ready for soldering. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 21 . The surface is always trying to shrink and this is because of surface tension. Tin determines the melting whereas the Lead is used to reduce the cost. 3. Removal of residue after the completion of the soldering operation. This property is called adhesive property. SOLDERING: Soldering is the process of joining of two metals using an alloy solder consisting of Tin and Lead (Sn-Pb). The principle behind soldering is that when liquid particles are brought in contact with the walls of the solid surface. The basic functions of flux are mentioned below: 1. All liquids consist of particles which attract each other. Assists the transfer of heat from the source to the joining and provides a liquid cover including air gap.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER HARDWARE DESIGNING Designing a PCB Implementing LEDs on PCB RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 22 .

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Implementing LED connections on PCB RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 23 .

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Implementing IC-7805 on PCB RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 24 .

macro assembler. Project manager for creating and maintaining your projects. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 25 .Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER SOFTWARE DESIGNING Keil µVision The µVision3 IDE is a Window-based software development platform that combines a robust editor. Integrated make facility for assembling. Device database for configuring the development tool setting. µVision3 helps expedite the development process of your embedded applications by providing the following: • • • • Full-featured source code editor. compiling. and HEX file generator. linker/locator. project manager. and linking your embedded applications. and make facility. µVision3 integrates all tools including the C compiler.

Investigate chip peripherals. Advanced GDI interface for software debugging in the target hardware and for connection to Keil ULINK. Features and Benefits Features Benefits The µVision3 Simulator is the only Write and test application code before debugger that completely simulates all on. Execution analysis your program's execution.production hardware is available. They are easy to use and are guaranteed to help you achieve your design goals. Links to development tools manuals. Simulation capabilities may be expanded Adding your own peripheral drivers can using the Advanced Simulation Interface accurately simulate sophisticated systems.Major Project 2011 • LAN CABLE TESTER True integrated source-level Debugger with high-speed CPU and peripheral simulator. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 26 . (AGSI). The Code Coverage feature of the µVision3 Safety-critical systems can be thoroughly Simulator provides statistical analysis of tested and validated. different hardware configurations to optimize the hardware design. Flash programming utility for downloading the application program into Flash ROM. reports can be viewed and printed for certification requirements. • • • The µVision3 IDE offers numerous features and advantages that help you quickly and successfully develop embedded applications. device datasheets & user’s guides.

It is a ground-up implementation. No extra configuration with configurable algorithm files. environment. The Cx51 Compiler is not a universal C compiler adapted for the 8051 target. While debugging. Many applications can be solved more easily and efficiently with C than with other more specialized languages. time required. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 27 . elements of structured programming. editor. The ULINK USB-JTAG Adapter supports The same tool can be used for debugging both Debugging and Flash programming and programming. µVision3 incorporates project manager. you may make modifications. and debugger in a single While editing. you may configure debugger features. source code Cx51 Compiler The C programming language is a general-purpose programming language that provides code efficiency.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER The µVision3 Device Database Mistakes in tool settings are practically automatically configures the development eliminated and tool configuration time is tools for the target microcontroller. The Cx51 Compiler provides you with the flexibility of programming in C and the code efficiency and speed of assembly language. The Cx51 Optimizing C Compiler is a complete implementation of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard for the C language. makes C a convenient and effective programming solution for a wide variety of software tasks. minimized. dedicated to generating extremely fast and compact code for the 8051 microprocessor. and a rich set of operators. Its generality combined with its absence of restrictions. C is not a big language and is not designed for any one particular area of application. Accelerates application development.

there are several things the preprocessor always does: • • Each C comment is replaced by a single space. Preprocessor The preprocessor built into the Cx51 Compiler processes the source text of a source file before it is actually compiled into machine language and object code. Line continuations (indicated by a backslash ('\') at the end of a line) are removed and the lines they break apart are joined for compilation. The purpose of the preprocessor is to replace or insert additional text into the source file just prior to compilation. However. Since the Cx51 Compiler is a cross compiler. Most of the obvious functions of the preprocessor require activation (by including preprocessor directives) in your source code. Preprocessing is the first thing the compiler does. Because these functions are separate from the language itself. Instead.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER The C language on its own is not capable of performing operations (such as input and output) that would normally require intervention from the operating system. C is especially suited for producing code that is portable across a wide number of platforms. some aspects of the C programming language and standard libraries are altered or enhanced to address the peculiarities of an embedded target processor. Predefined macro names are replaced with their predefined text. these capabilities are provided as part of the standard library. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 28 • .

Error Messages This section lists the fatal errors.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER In addition to these operations. Provides hints and suggestions for correcting the problem. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 29 . Describes the cause of the error. errors. Conditional Compilation. Errors and warnings are listed in numerical order and are divided into several sections Description Cause Resolution Example See Also Provides a detailed description of message and why it was generated. you may direct the compiler to generate a Preprocessor File that shows the exact output from the preprocessor. Provides useful references to additional material. where possible. Macros. and warnings you may encounter when using the Cx51 C Compiler. the preprocessor in the Cx51 Compiler supports the more obvious preprocessor operations: • • • Header Files. Provides an example. If you encounter preprocessor problems. of the error condition.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Some errors include an exception that provides more information about the exact nature of the error. 0026h 0029h Access to File Denied The specified file is a directory. I/O The drive is either full or the drive was not ready. Illegal An attempt was made to access a file in an illegal context. Exception 0021h Description Path or File Not Found The specified path or filename is missing. Context Error 002Ah 001h RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 30 . These exceptions are generated by the operating system and indicate a failure at that level. Illegal File Access An attempt was made to delete or write to a write-protected file.

These include extensions for: • • • • • • • • Memory Areas Memory Types Memory Models Data Types Bit Variables and Bit-Addressable Data Special Function Registers Pointers Function Attributes RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 31 .Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER Language Extensions The Cx51 Compiler provides several extensions to ANSI Standard C to support the elements of the 8051 architecture.

Following are the main features of this software. The software supports both the 8051 and AVR series devices.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER SPIPGM SPI Flash Programmer can be used either for in-system programming or as a standalone serial flash programmer for the Atmel SPI programmable devices. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 32 . The PC parallel port controls the programmer hardware interface and the parallel port control signals are freely selectable by the user.

If a single wire in the cable is not working it will produce some interference resulting to noise. It holds its firm existence in the fast growing Internet broadband present scenario. The implementation of this LAN cable tester is efficient to those organizations and industries where the use of LAN wire connection is more prominent.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER • • • • • • • Read and write the BIN. HEX and ROM file formats Read Signature. The fault in any of the wire in the cable can easily be detected by the use of this small but useful instrument and the speed can be enhanced very easily which was earlier dumped by the cable fault. Fuse and Lock bits Edit. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 33 . Moreover we can find its application in the wired communication channel. By the use of LAN Cable Tester we can find the actual fault in our network and make it appropriate. Clear and Fill the Flash & EEPROM memory buffer Auto save the OSCCAL data to Flash & EEPROM Display buffer checksum Program selected Fuse & Lock bits Auto saves the fuses settings for the open program file APPLICATIONS Network Testing is the prime application of LAN Cable Tester. hence it will distort the information content and proper information would not be transferred or received.

• It is a small and efficient instrument to detect the fault in any of the wire in the cable and the speed can also be enhanced which was earlier dumped by the cable fault. • Its circuit is simple to use. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 34 .Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER ADVANTAGES • It is a tool for testing any type of cable. cheap and can be assembled with ease. drilling of large holes in walls. • It does not require pulling the cables out of the place. cable integrity and distance to a fault. • It reduces the overall costs by replacing only the required cables that have faults. Data communication cables and Tele-communication cables.LAN cables. instead of replacing a bulk of cable. eco-friendly and ease of maintenance. easily implemented. or floors because of the presence of cable connector. shorts. ceilings. • It has a low energy consumption. • It finds all the faults associated with the cable such as opens.

By the use of LAN Cable Tester we can find all the problems associated with the cable and the actual fault in our network to make it appropriate. Hence it will distort the information content and proper information would not be transferred or received. It was said earlier “…hopefully have an operable LAN”. Even if a single wire in the cable is not working. The purpose of this project is to create a simple but reliable LAN cable tester. RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 35 .Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER CONCLUSION Network Testing is the prime application of LAN Cable Tester. What is meant by that remark? Well. It is intended for use as a troubleshooting tool for basic connectivity testing. it will produce some interference resulting to noise. what happens when the LAN doesn’t perform as expected or maybe doesn’t even seem to connect at all? Obviously that time we all need some basic LAN troubleshooting and troubleshooting will sometimes require test equipment.

com www. Mazidi • • • • Sanket Gupta Email:.com Electronics For You Magazine Electronic Devices And Circuits – J.com www. A.org www.electronicsforu.facebook.sanket. Gayakwad 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems – M.www.kinghrt@gmail.howstuffworks.wikipedia. B. Gupta Linear Integrated circuits – R.Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER REFERENCE • • • • www. A.com/sanketkinghrt RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 36 .com Social Networking Website:.scribd.

Major Project 2011 LAN CABLE TESTER RAJ KUMAR GOEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE 37 .