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Alarm system and distinguish the various alarm special reference to fire alarm. Any machinery not functioning or expected to be noted. Plans to be made for the finest action . Location of fire fighting equipments and damage control gears in the machinery spaces and their use And safety precautions to be observed. watch keeping engineer should be able to operate propulsion equipments if there is any need to change direction or speed. . Escape route from machinery spaces.Things to know for a watch keeper As a watch keeper we should have a basic knowledge about performance of the engine room watch as this plays a major role in case of emergency situations on board. The watch keeping engineer should make use of internal communication equipments.If manned.

the watch keeping engineer should be available if there is a call. All bridge orders should be executed. . Should know the isolation and by passing the machine when call for stand by he should be in state of readiness.Things to know for a watch keeper In UMS ships. hydraulic. Watch keeping engineer should not take any duties other than watch keeping adequate rounds should be taken in steering gear compartments. On going maintenance of all machinery to be carried out on all electrical. pneumatic mechanical works.

All events related to main and auxiliary machinery suitably recorded before off duty. flooding.Things to know for a watch keeper Watch keeping engineer should not leave the machinery space Un-supervised. fire. he should make substitute if necessary. rupture and collision. Watch keeping engineer should take action to contain the effects of damages resulting from break down. Any malfunction of machinery or loss of steering and in the event of fire to be informed immediately to bridge. . He should cooperate with the preventive maintenance work.

Emergency steering and other auxiliary equipments should be kept ready for immediate operation. In coastal or conjusted waters he should make sure adequate reserve of power for steering and manoeurving equipments. He should make sure air or steam pressure is available for sound signals. .Things to know for a watch keeper Chief engineer to be informed incase of engine damage or malfunction and break down of propulsion machinery. monitoring and governing system and any emergency.

Ships bunker operation involves many hazards and careful consideration will need to be made for safe planning and execution. precautions and alertness during watch to ensure that this operation is successfully completed.Bunkering Operations Bunkering is the process of refuelling the ship or it is the process of transferring fuel oil from a Barge or a Jetty going to the . This operation is very critical and prone to incidents resulting to Oil Spill. . It is then very important to watchkeeping personnel to ensure that necessary preparations. ship’s bunker tanks.

Planned final ullage/innage. Also is Pre-bunkering Plan copy posted at a place where the plan is easily seen by vessel personnel engaged in bunkering? . Has the Pre-loading plan been prepared? 2. 5. The following items should be considered first to establish the point of preparation needed for the bunkering operation: 1. . Sequence for tanks to be filled 6. capacity of tanks receiving oil Level. Identification. location. And has the plan been included followings? 3. He is the overall in charge in the bunkering operation and must ensure that all necessary plans and preparations are undertaken and shall be well implemented without any undue delays. type of liquid in each bunker tank prior to scheduled bunkering 4.Bunkering Operations Bunkering is one of the main responsibilities of a Chief Engineer. Procedures to monitor all bunker tank levels and valve alignments 7. and planned final percent of each to be filled.

level change. Sulphur Content. inflow noise.Bunkering Operations CONFIRMATION AT BEGINNING OF BUNKERING a) Has bunker requisition form given by supplier had all information? (Specific gravity. g) Check the respective tank sounding manually and confirm.). Grade and Quantity etc. personnel in Deck department and announced on board? c) Is there any leakage from the hose connection? d) Is there any leakage from the bunkering-related line and valves? e) Has oil flow through the planned line been confirmed by listening to with the ear on the pipe? f) Is oil flowing into the prescribed tank? (Confirm the inflow by air blow. and so on). Viscosity. b) Has the commence of the bunkering been notified to the watch keeping . h) Has air blow through an air vent for the tank into which oil is to be supplied been confirmed? i) Is not there any change in level in the other tanks? j) Is continuous measurement kept until the inflow to the prescribed tank and the inflow rate are confirmed? k) Is oil supply rate proper? l) Has the time when the bunkering started been recorded? .

Fuel tank supply valves open 14. Agree quantity to be supplied 5. State of adjacent waters noticed 2. Vessel properly secured to dock 3. Clean up material in place 10. Agree stop/start signals between vessel and barge/truck . Foam fire extinguisher placed at bunker station 12. No Smoking 8.g.Bunkering Operations Pre-Bunker Checklist 1. Alfa Laval and transfer pumps off 13. Warning signs in position e. SOPEP plan available 9. Check suppliers product corresponds to ordered product . 4. Check valves open 6. Day tanks full and supply valves closed 7. Oil Boom in place 11.

Signal pumping to commence The above checklist has to be completely filled religiously by both the ship & barge personnel. 17. Bunker Valve open 24. Agree emergency shut down procedure 18. Master informed 26.Bunkering Operations Pre-Bunker Checklist 15. Check hose and couplings are secure and in good order 20. Please move on to the next page by clicking below . Fuel nozzle and hose secured to vessel 21. Check barge/truck meters Reading: 22. Specification sheet received 19. Bravo flag flying/red light showing 16. Unused manifold connections blanked off 25. Agree pumping/transfer rate . Check on board meters Reading: 23.

DURING BUNKERING  During start of the bunker the pumping rate is kept low. .  Generally only one tank filling is preferred because gauging of more than one tank at a time increases the chances of overflow. and then the valve of other tank is opened.  The max allowable to which tank is filled is 90 % and when the tank level reaches about to maximum level the barge is told to pump at low pumping rate so as to top up the tank.  After confirming the oil is coming to the proper tank the pumping rate is increased as agreed before. this is done so as to check that the oil is coming to the tank to which the valve is opened.

DURING BUNKERING  During bunkering. Temperature above this may lead to shortfall in bunker. generally the barge or supplier will provide the bunker temperature. sounding is taken regularly and the frequency of sounding is more when the tank is near to full. Many vessels have tank gauges which show tank level in control room but this is only to be relied if the system is working properly.  A continuous sample is taken during bunkering with the help of sampling cock at the manifold.  The temperature of bunker is also to be checked. .

 If there is any shortfall of bunker received the chief engineer can issue a note of protest against the barge/supplier. One sample is given to barge. one for barge. one for port state or IMO.64 kg/m3.  The sample is sent for laboratory analysis.  In general for each degree of increase in temperature the density should be reduced by 0. heel and temperature correction.  The volume bunkered should be corrected for trim. one for analysis.  Four samples are taken during bunkering. .• After Bunker Checklist  Draught and trim of the ship is checked. One is kept onboard.  The new bunker should not be used until the report from the lab.  After everything is settled the hose connection is removed.  Take sounding of all the tanks bunkered.  The chief engineer will sign the bunker receipt and the amount of bunker received.

.Sounding of Tanks  The process of quantifying the quantity of liquid present inside a tank is called "sounding". We all are aware of storing water in head/gravity tank in our house.

. sounding must be conducted to the barge tanks to verify the contents of the barge and that the possibilities of deceit is minimized. .Sounding of Tanks  Responsible personnel should ensure that sounding of all tanks is done prior to bunkering to make sure that contents are verified & minimize the possibilities of overflow. Likewise.

Sounding of Tanks  As we are aware. When a ship sails from a port to other. bunker tanks are used to carry the entire volume of fuel required for the safe sea passage. the fuel is getting consumed everyday and subsequent transfer which has to be done from various fuel oil bunker tanks to ships settling & service tanks for the use of propulsion. .

Bunkering Communication  The following are communicatio n guides between the ship and the barge during Bunkering Operations as recommended by the Washington State Department of Ecology .

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