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Palette of King Narmer D: ca. 2950 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Early Dynastic Period A: Unknown artist Pa: King Narmer M/T: Stone F: Commemorate the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. Show Osiris giving power to King Narmer DT: Narmer on both sides of palette combines profile views of his head, legs, and arms with front views of his eye and torso. Ideas: To ensure safety and happiness in the afterlife.
Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser D: ca. 2950 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Early Dynastic Period A: Imhotep Pa: King Djoser L: Saqqara, Egypt M/T: Stone, Limestone F: Tomb in order to protect King’s remains. Symbolizes absolute & godlike power. DT: Designed as if 6 mastaba-like stacked upon each other. Ideas: Believe that they were creating a stairway to the sun god Ra. House for the ka.
Diagram of a Mastana Tomb p. 59 Figure 3-3 D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Egyptian Early Dynastic Period F: Egyptians buried their dead here. D/T: simple tomb with four sloping sides and an entrance for mourners. Shaft connects chamber to outside. Ideas: obsession with the dead. Spirit of Ka will live on in the afterlife.
Great Pyramids, Gizeh p. 62 Figure 3-8 D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Old Kingdom L: Gizeh, Egypt F: Giant monuments for the dead pharaohs. Pharaoh buried within the pyramid. M/T: huge pile of limestone D/T: giant monuments. Each pyramid had an enjoining mortuary temple. Each side oriented to a point on a compass. Ideas: symbols of the sun.
AP Art History Chapter 3 Q-Cards: Ancient Egypt Ideas: statue of eternity. Strict Egyptian canon of proportions.
Great Sphinx D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom A: Unknown Pa: Pharaoh (Khafre?) L: Gizeh, Egypt F: Tomb in order to protect King’s remains. Symbolizes absolute & godlike power. DT: Joins the body of a lion with the head of a pharaoh. Associated with the sun god, (honoring sun god?) Ideas: Combines human intelligence with the strength and authority of a lion.
Menkaure and Khamerernebty D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom A: Unknown Pa: Menkaure and Khamerernebty L: Menkaure’s Valley Temple F: Substitute homes for the ka of the pharaoh and queen. DT: Sculptor reveals queens curves of her body under her garment. Rigid, Stiff. Ideas: Substitute homes for the ka of the pharaoh and queen. Posture suggests timeless nature.
Khafre, from Gizeh p. 65 Figure 3-12 D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Old Kingdom L: Egyptian Museum, Cairo F: symbol of a united Egypt in the interlocking of lotus and papyrus plants at the base. M/T: diorite D/T: idealized features and body. Falcon god Horus is behind Khafre, protecting him, frontal symmetrical, rigid, motionless, cubic.
Seated Scribe p.66; Figure 3-14 D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Old Kingdom F: sculpture for a mustaba D/T: wooden sculpture with sagging chest and realistic rather than idealistic. Color remains. Attentive expression, thin, angular face. Ideas: Egyptian Realism
AP Art History Chapter 3 Q-Cards: Ancient Egypt Ideas: pessimistic mood in the Middle Kingdom. Realism.
Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt D: ca. 2500 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom A: Unknown Pa: Ti M/T: Limestone L: Mastaba of Ti, Saqqara, Egypt F: Limestone Relief to decorate the interior walls & ceilings of the tombs of wealthy families. DT: Traditional Composite View. Hunting scene Ideas: Triumph of good (Ti) over evil (Seth). Hippos represent destruction of crops. Metaphor for triumph over the forces of evil.
Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut D: ca. 1500 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: New Kingdom A: Senmut (?) Pa: Hatshepsut L: Deir el-Bahri, Egypt F: Shrine provided the ruler with a place for worshiping their patron gods during their lifetime and then served as temples in their own honor after death. DT: Integrated into natural setting, three colonnaded terraces connected by ramps on the central axis. Ideas: Reliefs depicts Hatshepsut’s divine birth.
Head of Senusret III P.69 Figure 3-18 D: ca. 1800 BCE P/S: Middle Kingdom L: Egyptian Museum, Cairo F: reflect period of unrest D/T: Moody look in the eyes and mouth. Depressed instead of heroic, firm chin, folds of flesh between brows and corners of nose and mouth.
Hatshepsut with offering jars p. 72 Figure 3-22 D: ca. 1500 BCE P/S: New Kingdom L: Deir-el-Bahri, Egypt F: portray Hatshepsut as a male king D/T: holding globular offering jar in each hand. Hatshepsut is wearing royal male nemes headdress. Figure is anatomically male. Ideas: male imagery of a woman 3
AP Art History Chapter 3 Q-Cards: Ancient Egypt
Temple of Ramses II D: ca. 1500 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: New Kingdom Pa: Ramses II L: Abu Simbel, Egypt M/T: Sandstone F: proclaims Ramses II greatness by placing 4 colossal images of himself on the temple DT: Stiff rigid eternal Ideas: Power and eternal being would never die off
Akhenaton D: ca. 1380 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Amarna Period Pa: Akhenaton L: Temple of Aton Karnak, Egypt M/T: Sandstone F: Pharaoh claimed to be the son & sole prophet of Aton. DT: Effeminate body Curving contours Long face Full lips Heavy-lidded eyes Weak arms Narrow waist Protruding belly Wide hips Fatty thighs. Ideas: Declared Aton the only god Sun disk is sexless so is he.
Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amen Re p. 75 Figure 3-26 D: ca. 1200 BCE P/S: New Kingdom L: Karnak, Egypt F: glorify Egypt’s rulers D/T: massive columns and roofed by stone slabs, central columns are 66 ft high and capitals are 22 ft in diameter. Ideas: raising the roof’s sentral section created a clerestory. Permits sunlight to enter in the interior.
Nefertiti p. 78 Figure 3-33 D: ca. 1300 BCE P/S: Amarna Period L: Tell-el-Armana, Egypt F: portray Akhenaton’s queen M/T: Painted Limestone D/T: long-ellegant neck, realistic face, deliberately unfinished Ideas: Idealistic image of a women.
AP Art History Chapter 3 Q-Cards: Ancient Egypt Ideas: Royal Intimacy
Queen Tiye D: ca. 1380 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Amarna Period Pa: Queen Tiye L: Gurob, Egypt M/T: Wood, with gold, silver, alabaster, and lapis lazuli DT: Relaxation of artistic rules. Shown as an older woman with lines in her face heavy eye lids Ideas: Dark yew wood was chosen to match her complexion
King Tutankhamen (Death Mask and Inner Coffin) D: ca. 1380 BCE P/S: Ancient Egypt: Amarna Period Pa: King Tutankhamen L: Thebes, Egypt M/T: Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones. F: Expressive of Egyptian power, pride, & influence. DT: Innermost of 3 coffins1/4 ton of gold Semiprecious stones (lapis lazuli, turquoise, & carnelian)Godlike (portrays Tutankhamen as Osiris) Ideas: Housed the ka protected the body in order to have a happy afterlife.
Akhenaton and his Family p. 79 Figure 3-35 D: ca. 1300 BCE P/S: Armana Period L: Tell el-Armana, Egypt\ F: portray an informal perspective of Akhenaton and his royal family M/T: Limestone D/T: sunken-relief style stele. Curves instead of rigid lines, prominent bellies. Pharaoh, wife, and three daughters. Aton the sun disk.
Last Judgment of Hu-Nefer p. 81 Figure 3-39 D: ca. 1300 BCE P/S: Amarna Period L: Thebes, Egypt F: represent final judgment of deceased M/T: Painted Papyrus scroll D/T: formality of stance, shape, and attitude of traditional Egyptian art. Ideas: Narrative, Composite view 5
AP Art History Chapter 3 Q-Cards: Ancient Egypt
Temple of Horus D: ca. 237–47 BCE. L: Edfu, Egypt DT: Tradition of Egyptian formal / style continues Reliefs depict Horus & Hathor Basic pylon temple plan Impressive entrance Broad surface of a massive façade sloping walls. Ideas: Would protect the city entrance to some afterlife? Shows how traditions is very important.