HYMN I. Agni.
1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
The hotar, lavishest of wealth.
2 Worthy is Agni to be praised by living as by ancient seers.
He shall bring. hitherward the Gods.
3 Through Agni man obtaineth wealth, yea, plenty waxing day by day,
Most rich in heroes, glorious.
4 Agni, the perfect sacrifice which thou encompassest about
Verily goeth to the Gods.
5 May Agni, sapient-minded Priest, truthful, most gloriously great,
The God, come hither with the Gods.
6 Whatever blessing, Agni, thou wilt grant unto thy worshipper,
That, Angiras, is indeed thy truth.
7 To thee, dispeller of the night, O Agni, day by day with prayer
Bringing thee reverence, we come
8 Ruler of sacrifices, guard of Law eternal, radiant One,
Increasing in thine own abode.
9 Be to us easy of approach, even as a father to his son:
Agni, be with us for our weal.

HYMN II. Vayu.
1 BEAUTIFUL Vayu, come, for thee these Soma drops have been prepared:
Drink of them, hearken to our call.
2 Knowing the days, with Soma juice poured forth, the singers glorify
Thee, Vayu, with their hymns of praise.
3 Vayu, thy penetrating stream goes forth unto the worshipper,
Far-spreading for the Soma draught.
4 These, Indra-Vayu, have been shed; come for our offered dainties' sake:
The drops are yearning for you both.
5 Well do ye mark libations, ye Vayu and Indra, rich in spoil
So come ye swiftly hitherward.
6 Vayu and Indra, come to what the Soma. presser hath prepared:
Soon, Heroes, thus I make my prayer.
7 Mitra, of holy strength, I call, and foe-destroying Varuna,
Who make the oil-fed rite complete.
8 Mitra and Varuna, through Law, lovers and cherishers of Law,
Have ye obtained your might power
9 Our Sages, Mitra-Varuna, wide dominion, strong by birth,
Vouchsafe us strength that worketh well.

HYMN III. Asvins
1 YE Asvins, rich in treasure, Lords of splendour, having nimble hands,
Accept the sacrificial food.

2 Ye Asvins, rich in wondrous deeds, ye heroes worthy of our praise,
Accept our songs with mighty thought.
3 Nisatyas, wonder-workers, yours arc these libations with clipt grass:
Come ye whose paths are red with flame.
4 O Indra marvellously bright, come, these libations long for thee,
Thus by fine fingers purified.
5 Urged by the holy singer, sped by song, come, Indra, to the prayers,
Of the libation-pouring priest.
6 Approach, O Indra, hasting thee, Lord of Bay Horses, to the prayers.
In our libation take delight.
7 Ye Visvedevas, who protect, reward, and cherish men, approach
Your worshipper's drink-offering.
8 Ye Visvedevas, swift at work, come hither quickly to the draught,
As milch-kine hasten to their stalls.
9 The Visvedevas, changing shape like serpents, fearless, void of guile,
Bearers, accept the sacred draught
10 Wealthy in spoil, enriched with hymns, may bright Sarsavad desire,
With eager love, our sacrifice.
11 Inciter of all pleasant songs, inspirer o all gracious thought,
Sarasvati accept our rite
12 Sarasvati, the mighty flood,- she with be light illuminates,
She brightens every pious thought.

HYMN IV. Indri
1 As a good cow to him who milks, we call the doer of fair deeds,
To our assistance day by day.
2 Come thou to our libations, drink of Soma; Soma-drinker thou!
The rich One's rapture giveth kine.
3 So may we be acquainted with thine innermost benevolence:
Neglect us not, come hitherward.
4 Go to the wise unconquered One, ask thou of Indra, skilled in song,
Him who is better than thy friends.
5 Whether the men who mock us say, Depart unto another place,
Ye who serve Indra and none else;
6 Or whether, God of wondrous deeds, all our true people call us blest,
Still may we dwell in Indra's care.
7 Unto the swift One bring the swift, man-cheering, grace of sacrifice,
That to the Friend gives wings and joy.
8 Thou, Satakratu, drankest this and wast the Vrtras' slayer; thou
Helpest the warrior in the fray.
9 We strengthen, Satakratu, thee, yea, thee the powerful in fight,
That, Indra, we may win us wealth.
10 To him the mighty stream of wealth, prompt friend ot'him who pours the
yea, to this Indra sing your song.

HYMN V. Indra.
1 O COME ye hither, sit ye down: to Indra sing ye forth, your song,
companions, bringing hymns of praise.
2 To him the richest of the rich, the Lord of treasures excellent,
Indra, wi th Soma juice outpoured.
3 May he stand by us in our need and in abundance for our wealth:
May he come nigh us with his strength.
4 Whose pair of tawny horses yoked in battles foemen challenge not:
To him, to Indra sing your song.
5 Nigh to the Soma-drinker come, for his enjoyment, these pure drops,
The Somas mingled with the curd.
6 Thou, grown at once to perfect strength, wast born to drink the Soma
Strong Indra, for preeminence.
7 O Indra, lover of the song, may these quick Somas enter thee:
May they bring bliss to thee the Sage.
8 Our chants of praise have strengthened thee, O Satakratu, and our lauds
So strengthen thee the songs we sing.
9 Indra, whose succour never fails, accept these viands thousandfold,
Wherein all manly powers abide.
10 O Indra, thou who lovest song, let no man hurt our bodies, keep
Slaughter far from us, for thou canst.

HYMN VI. Indra.
1 They who stand round him as he moves harness the bright, the ruddy
The lights are shining in the sky.
2 On both sides to the car they yoke the two bay coursers dear to him,
Bold, tawny, bearers of the Chief.
3 Thou, making light where no light was, and form, O men: where form was
Wast born together with the Dawns.
4 Thereafter they, as is their wont, threw off the state of' babes unborn,
Assuming sacrificial names.
5 Thou, Indra, with the Tempest-Gods, the breakers down of what is firm '
Foundest the kine even in the cave.
6 Worshipping even as they list, singers laud him who findeth wealth,
The far-renowned, the mighty One.
7 Mayest thou verily be seen coming by fearless Indra's side:
Both joyous, equal in your sheen.
8 With Indra's well beloved hosts, the blameless, hastening to heaven,
The sacrificer cries aloud.
9 Come from this place, O Wanderer, or downward from the light of heaven:
Our songs of praise all yearn for this.
10 Indra we seek to give us help, from here, from heaven above the earth,
Or from the spacious firmament.

HYMN VII. Indra.
1 INDRA the singers with high praise, Indra reciters with their lauds,
Indra the choirs have glorified.
2 Indra hath ever close to him his two bay steeds and word-yoked car,
Indra the golden, thunder-armed.
3 Indra hath raised the Sun on high in heaven, that he may see afar:
He burst the mountain for the kine.
4 Help us, O Indra, in the frays, yea, frays, where thousand spoils are
With awful aids, O awful One.
5 In mighty battle we invoke Indra, Indra in lesser fight,
The Friend who bends his bolt at fiends.
6 Unclose, our manly Hero, thou for ever bounteous, yonder cloud,
For us, thou irresistible.
7 Still higher, at each strain of mine, thunder-armed Indra's praises rise:
I find no laud worthy of him.
8 Even as the bull drives on the herds, he drives the people with his might,
The Ruler irresistible:
9 Indra who rules with single sway men, riches, and the fivefold race
Of those who dwell upon the earth.
10 For your sake from each side we call Indra away from other men:
Ours, and none others', may he be.

1 INDRA, bring wealth that gives delight, the victor's ever-conquering
Most excellent, to be our aid;
2 By means of which we may repel our foes in battle hand to hand,
By thee assisted with the car.
3 Aided by thee, the thunder-armed, Indra, may we lift up the bolt,
And conquer all our foes in fight.
4 With thee, O India, for ally with missile-darting heroes, may
We conquer our embattled foes.
5 Mighty is Indra, yea supreme; greatness be his, the Thunderer:
Wide as the heaven extends his power
6 Which aideth those to win them sons, who come as heroes to the fight,
Or singers loving holy thoughts.
7 His belly, drinking deepest draughts of Soma, like an ocean swells,
Like wide streams from the cope of heaven.
8 So also is his excellence, great, vigorous, rich in cattle, like
A ripe branch to the worshipper.
9 For verily thy mighty powers, Indra, are saving helps at once
Unto a worshipper like me.
10 So are his lovely gifts; let lauds and praises be to Indra sung,

That he may drink the Soma juice.

HYMN IX. Indra.
1 COME, Indra, and delight thee with the juice at all the Soma feasts,
Protector, mighty in thy strength.
2 To Indra pour ye forth thejuice, the active gladdening juice to him
Ile gladdening, oinnific God.
3 O Lord of all men, fair of cheek, rejoice thee in the gladdening lauds,
Present at these drink-offerings.
4 Songs have outpoured themselves to thee, Indra, the strong, the guardian
And raised themselves unsatisfied.
5 Send to us bounty manifold, O Indra, worthy of' our wish,
For power supreme is only thine.
6 O Indra, stimulate thereto us emulously fain for wealth,
And glorious, O most splendid One.
7 Give, Indra, wide and lofty fame, wealthy in cattle and in strength,
Lasting our life-time, failing not.
8 Grant us high fame, O Indra, grant riches bestowing thousands, those
Fair fruits of earth borne home in wains.
9 Praising with songs the praise-worthy who cometh to our aid, we call
Indra, the Treasure-Lord of wealth.
10 To lofty Indra, dweller by each libation, the pious man
Sings forth aloud a strengthening hymn.

HYMN X. Indra.
1 THE chanters hymn thee, they who say the word of praise magnify thee.
The priests have raised thee up on high, O Satakratu, like a pole.
2 As up he clomb from ridge to ridge and looked upon the toilsome task,
Indra observes this wish of his, and the Rain hastens with his troop.
3 Harness thy pair of strong bay steeds, long-maned, whose bodies fill the
And, Indra, Soma-drinker, come to listen to our songs of praise.
4 Come hither, answer thou the song, sing in approval, cry aloud.
Good Indra, make our prayer succeed, and prosper this our sacrifice.
5 To Indra must a laud be said, to strengthen him who freely gives,
That Sakra may take pleasure in our friendship and drink-offerings.
6 Him, him we seek for friendship, him for riches and heroic might.
For Indra, he is Sakra, he shall aid us while he gives us wealth.
7 Easy to turn and drive away, Indra, is spoil bestowed by thee.
Unclose the stable of the kine, and give us wealth O Thunder-armed
8 The heaven and earth contain thee not, together, in thy wrathful mood.
Win us the waters of the sky, and send us kine abundantly.
9 Hear, thou whose ear is quick, my call; take to thee readily my songs
O Indra, let this laud of mine come nearer even than thy friend.

10 We know thee mightiest of all, in battles hearer of our cry.
Of thee most mighty we invoke the aid that giveth thousandfold.
11 O Indra, Son of Kusika, drink our libation with delight.
Prolong our life anew, and cause the seer to win a thousand gifts.
12 Lover of song, may these our songs on every side encompass thee:
Strengthening thee of lengthened life, may they be dear delights to thee.

HYMN XI. Indra.
1 ALL sacred songs have magnified Indra expansive as the sea,
The best of warriors borne on cars, the Lord, the very Lord of strength.
2 Strong in thy friendship, Indra, Lord of power and might, we have no fear.
We glorify with praises thee, the never-conquered conqueror.
3 The gifts of Indra from of' old, his saving succours, never fail,
When to the praise-singers he gives the boon of substance rich in kine.
4 Crusher of forts, the young, the wise, of strength unmeasured, was he
Sustainer of each sacred rite, Indra, the Thunderer, much-extolled.
5 Lord of the thunder, thou didst burst the cave of Vala rich in cows.
The Gods came pressing to thy side, and free from terror aided thee,
6 I, Hero, through thy bounties am come to the flood addressing thee.
Song-lover, here the singers stand and testify to thee thereof.
7 The wily Susna, Indra! thou o'er-threwest with thy wondrous powers.
The wise beheld this deed of thine: now go beyond their eulogies.
8 Our songs of praise have glorified Indra who ruleth by his might,
Whose precious gifts in thousands come, yea, even more abundantly.

I WE choose Agni the messenger, the herald, master of all wealth,
Well skilled in this our sacrifice.
2 With callings ever they invoke Agni, Agni, Lord of the House,
Oblation-bearer, much beloved.
3 Bring the Gods hither, Agni, born for him who strews the sacred grass:
Thou art our herald, meet for praise.
4 Wake up the willing Gods, since thou, Agni, performest embassage:
Sit on the sacred grass with Gods.
5 O Agni, radiant One, to whom the holy oil is poured, bum up
Our enemies whom fiends protect.
6 By Agni Agni is inflamed, Lord of the House, wise, young, who bears
The gift: the ladle is his mouth.
7 Praise Agni in the sacrifice, the Sage whose ways are ever true,
The God who driveth grief away.
8 God, Agni, be his strong defence who lord of sacrificial gifts,
Worshippeth thee the messenger.
9 Whoso with sacred gift would fain call Agni to the feast of Gods,
O Purifier, favour him.
10 Such, Agni, Purifier, bright, bring hither to our sacrifice,

To our oblation bring the Gods.
11 So lauded by our newest song of praise bring opulence to us,
And food, with heroes for our sons.
12 O Agni, by effulgent flame, by all invokings of the Gods,
Show pleasure in this laud of ours.

1 AGNI, well-kindled, bring the Gods for him who offers holy gifts.
Worship them, Purifier, Priest.
2 Son of Thyself, present, O Sage, our sacrifice to the Gods today.
Sweet to the taste, that they may feast.
3 Dear Narasamsa, sweet of tongue, the giver of oblations, I
Invoke to this our sacrifice.
4 Agni, on thy most easy car, glorified, hither bring the Gods:
Manu appointed thee as Priest.
5 Strew, O ye wise, the sacred grass that drips with oil, in order due,
Where the Immortal is beheld.
6 Thrown open be the Doors Divine, unfailing, that assist the rite,
For sacrifice this day and now.
7 I call the lovely Night and Dawn to seat them on the holy grass
At this our solemn sacrifice.
8 The two Invokers I invite, the wise, divine and sweet of tongue,
To celebrate this our sacrifice.
9 Ila, Sarasvati, Mahi, three Goddesses who bring delight,
Be seated, peaceful, on the grass.
10 Tvastar I call, the earliest born, the wearer of all forms at will:
May he be ours and curs alone.
11 God, Sovran of the Wood, present this our oblation to the Gods,
And let the giver be renowned.
12 With Svaha. pay the sacrifice to Indra in the offerer's house:
Thither I call the Deities.

HYMN X1V. Visvedevas.
1 To drink the Soma, Agni, come, to our service and our songs.
With all these Gods; and worship them.
2 The Kanvas have invoked thee; they, O Singer, sing thee songs of praise
Agni, come hither with the Gods;
3 Indra, Vayu, Brhaspati, Mitra, Agni, Pusan, Bhaga,
Adityas, and the Marut host.
4 For you these juices are poured forth that gladden and exhilarate,
The meath-drops resting in the cup.
5 The sons of Kanva fain for help adore thee, having strewn the grass,
With offerings and all things prepared.
6 Let the swift steeds who carry thee, thought-yoked and dropping holy oil,
Bring the Gods to the Soma draught.
7 Adored, the strengtheners of Law, unite them, Agni, with their Dames:

Make them drink meath, O bright of tongue.
8 Let them, O Agni, who deserve worship and praise drink with thy tongue
Tle meath in solemn sacrifice.
9 Away, from the Sun's realm of light, the wise invoking Priest shall bring
All Gods awaking with the dawn.
10 With all the Gods, with Indra, with Vayu, and Mitra's splendours, drink,
Agni, the pleasant Soma juice.
11 Ordained by Manu as our Priest, thou sittest, Agni, at each rite:
Hallow thou this our sacrifice.
12 Harness the Red Mares to thy car, the Bays, O God, the flaming ones:
With those bring hitherward the Gods.

1 O INDRA drink the Soma juice with Rtu; let the cheering drops
Sink deep within, which settle there.
2 Drink from the Purifier's cup, Maruts, with Rtu; sanctify
The rite, for ye give precious gifts.
3 O Nestar, with thy Dame accept our sacrifice; with Rtu drink,
For thou art he who giveth wealth.
4 Bring the Gods, Agni; in the three appointed places set them down:
Surround them, and with Rtu drink.
5 Drink Soma after the Rtus, from the Brahmana's bounty: undissolved,
O Indra, is thy friendship's bond.
6 Mitra, Varuna, ye whose ways are firm - a Power that none deceives-,
With Rtu ye have reached the rite.
7 The Soma-pressers, fain for wealth, praise the Wealth-giver in the rite,
In sacrifices praise the God.
8 May the Wealth-giver grant to us riches that shall be far renowned.
These things we gain, among the Gods.
9 He with the Rtu fain would drink, Wealth-giver, from the Nestar's bowl.
Haste, give your offering, and depart.
10 As we this fourth time, Wealth-giver, honour thee with the Rtus, be
A Giver bountiful to us.
11 Drink ye the meath, O Asvins bright with flames, whose acts are pure.
who with
Rtus accept the sacrifice.
12 With Rtu, through the house-fire, thou, kind Giver, guidest sacrifice:
Worship the Gods for the pious man.

HYMN XVI. Indra.
1 LET thy Bay Steeds bring thee, the Strong, hither to drink the Soma
draughtThose, Indra, who are bright as suns.
2 Here are the grains bedewed with oil: hither let the Bay Coursers bring
Indra upon his easiest car.
3 Indra at early morn we call, Indra in course of sacrifice,

Indra to drink the Soma juice.
4 Come hither, with thy long-maned Steeds, O Indra, to- the draught we
We call thee wher, the juice is shed.
5 Come thou to this our song of praise, to the libation poured for thee
Drink of it like a stag athirst.
6 Here are the drops of Soma juice expressed on sacred grass: thereof
Drink, Indra, to increase thy might.
7 Welcome to thee be this our hymn, reaching thy heart, most excellent:
Then drink the Soma juice expressed.
8 To every draught of pressed-out juice Indra, the Vrtra-slayer, comes,
To drink the Soma for delight.
9 Fulfil, O Satakratu, all our wish with horses and with kine:
With holy thoughts we sing thy praise.

HYMN XVII Indra-Varuna
1 I CRAVE help from the Imperial Lords, from Indra-Varuna; may they
Both favour one of us like me.
2 Guardians of men, ye ever come with ready succour at the call
Of every singer such as I.
3 Sate you, according to your wish, O Indra-Varuna, with wealth:
Fain would we have you nearest us.
4 May we be sharers of the powers, sharers of the benevolence
Of you who give strength bounteously.
5 Indra and Varuna, among givers of thousands, meet for praise,
Are Powers who merit highest laud.
6 Through their protection may we gain great store of wealth, and heap it
Enough and still to spare, be ours.
7 O Indra-Varuna, on you for wealth in many a form I call:
Still keep ye us victorious.
8 O Indra-Varuna, - through our songs that seek to win you to ourselves,
Give us at once your sheltering help.
9 O Indra-Varuna, to you may fair praise which I offer come,
joint eulogy which ye dignify.

HYMN XVIII. Brahmanaspati.
1 O BRAHMANAPSATI, make him who presses Soma glorious,
Even Kaksivan Ausija.
2 The rich, the healer of disease, who giveth wealth, increaseth store,
The prompt,-may he be with us still.
3 Let not the foeman's curse, let not a mortal's onslaught fall on us
Preserve us, Brahmanaspati.
4 Ne'er is the mortal hero harmed whom Indra, Brahmanaspati,
And Soma graciously inspire.
5 Do, thou, O Brahmanaspati, and Indra, Soma, Daksina,

Preserve that mortal from distress.
6 To the Assembly's wondrous Lord, to Indra's lovely Friend who gives
Wisdom, have I drawn near in prayer.
7 He without whom no sacrifice, e'en of the wise man, prospers; he
Stirs up the series of thoughts.
8 He makes the oblation prosper, he promotes the course of sacrifice:
Our voice of praise goes to the Gods.
9 I have seen Narasamsa, him most resolute, most widely famed,
As 'twere the Household Priest of heaven.

HYMN XIX. Agni, Maruts.
1 To this fair sacrifice to drink the milky draught thou art invoked:
O Agni, with the Maruts come.
2 No mortal man, no God exceeds thy mental power, O Mighty one O Agni, with the Maruts come
3 All Gods devoid of guile, who know the mighty region of mid-air:
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
4 The terrible, who sing their song, not to be overcome by might:
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
5 Brilliant, and awful in their form, mighty, devourers of their foes':
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
6 Who sit as Deities in heaven, above the sky-vault's luminous sphere:
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
7 Who scatter clouds about the sky, away over the billowy sea:
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
8 Who with their bright beams spread them forth over the ocean in their
O Agni, with those Maruts come.
9 For thee, to be thine early draught, I pour the Soma-mingled meath:
O Agni, with the Maruts come.

HYMN XX Rbhus.
1 FOR the Celestial Race this song of praise which gives wealth lavishly
Was made by singers with their lips.
2 They who for Indra, with their mind, formed horses harnessed by a word,
Attained by works to sacrifice.
3 They for the two Nasatyas wrought a light car moving every way:
They formed a nectar-yielding cow.
4 The Rbhus with effectual prayers, honest, with constant labour, made
Their Sire and Mother young again.
5 Together came your gladdening drops with Indra by the Maruts girt,
With the Adityas, with the Kings.
6 The sacrificial ladle, wrought newly by the God Tvastar's handFour ladles have ye made thereof.
7 Vouchsafe us wealth, to him who pours thrice seven libations, yea, to each
Give wealth, pleased with our eulogies.

8 As ministering Priests they held, by pious acts they won themselves,
A share in sacrifice with Gods.

HYMN XXI. Indra-Agni.
1 INDRA and Agni I invoke fain are we for their song of praise
Chief Soma-drinkers are they both.
2 Praise ye, O men, and glorify Indra-Agni in the holy rites:
Sing praise to them in sacred songs.
3 Indra and Agni we invite, the Soma-drinkers, for the fame
Of Mitra, to the Soma-draught.
4 Strong Gods, we bid them come to this libation that stands ready here:
Indra and Agni, come to us.
5 Indra and Agni, mighty Lords of our assembly, crush the fiends:
Childless be the devouring ones.
6 Watch ye, through this your truthfulness, there in the place of spacious
Indra and Agni, send us bliss.

HYMN XXII Asvins and Others
1 WAKEN the Asvin Pair who yoke their car at early morn: may they
Approach to drink this Soma juice.
2 We call the Asvins Twain, the Gods borne in a noble car, the best
Of charioteers, who reach the heavens.
3 Dropping with honey is your whip, Asvins, and full of pleasantness
Sprinkle therewith the sacrifice.
4 As ye go thither in your car, not far, O Asvins, is the home
Of him who offers Soma juice.
5 For my protection I invoke the golden-handed Savitar.
He knoweth, as a God, the place.
6 That he may send us succour, praise the Waters' Offspring Savitar:
Fain are we for his holy ways.
7 We call on him, distributer of wondrous bounty and of wealth,
On Savitar who looks on men.
8 Come hither, friends, and seat yourselves Savitar, to be praised by us,
Giving good gifts, is beautiful.
9 O Agni, hither bring to us the willing Spouses of the Gods,
And Tvastar, to the Soma draught.
10 Most youthful Agni, hither bring their Spouses, Hotra, Bharati,
Varutri, Dhisana, for aid.
11 Spouses of Heroes, Goddesses, with whole wings may they come to us
With great protection and with aid.
12 Indrani, Varunani, and Agnayi hither I invite,
For weal, to drink the Soma juice.
13 May Heaven and Earth, the Mighty Pair, bedew for us our sacrifice,
And feed us full with nourishments.
14 Their water rich with fatness, there in the Gandharva's steadfast place,

The singers taste through sacred songs.
15 Thornless be thou, O Earth, spread wide before us for a dwelling-place:
Vouchsafe us shelter broad and sure.
16 The Gods be gracious unto us even from the place whence Visnu strode
Through the seven regions of the earth!
17 Through all this world strode Visnu; thrice his foot he planted, and the
Was gathered in his footstep's dust.
18 Visnu, the Guardian, he whom none deceiveth, made three steps;
Establishing his high decrees.
19 Look ye on Visnu's works, whereby the Friend of Indra, close-allied,
Hath let his holy ways be seen.
20 The princes evermore behold that loftiest place where Visnu is,
Laid as it were an eye in heaven.
21 This, Vishnu's station most sublime, the singers, ever vigilant,
Lovers of holy song, light up.

HYMN XXIII. Vayu and Others.
1 STRONG are the Somas; come thou nigh; these juices have been mixt with
Drink, Vayu, the presented draughts.
2 Both Deities who touch the heaven, Indra and Vayu we invoke
To drink of this our soma juice.
3 The singers' for their aid, invoke Indra and Vayu, swift as mind,
The thousand-eyed, the Lords of thought.
4 Mitra and Varupa, renowned as Gods of consecrated might,
We call to drink the Soma juice.
5 Those who by Law uphold the Law, Lords of the shining light of Law,
Mitra I call, and Varuna.
6 Let Varuna be our chief defence, let Mitra guard us with all aids
Both make us rich exceedingly.
7 Indra, by Maruts girt, we call to drink the Soma juice: may he
Sate him in union with his troop.
8 Gods, Marut hosts whom Indra leads, distributers of Pusan's gifts,
Hearken ye all unto my cry.
9 With conquering Indra for ally, strike Vrtra down, ye bounteous Gods
Let not the wicked master us.
10 We call the Universal Gods, and Maruts to the Soma draught,
For passing strong are Prsni's Sons.
11 Fierce comes the Maruts' thundering voice, like that of conquerors, when
ye go
Forward to victory, O Men.
12 Born of the laughing lightning. may the Maruts guard us everywhere
May they be gracious unto Us.
13 Like some lost animal, drive to us, bright Pusan, him who bears up

Resting on many-coloured grass.
14 Pusan the Bright has found the King, concealed and bidden in a cave,
Who rests on grass of many hues.
15 And may he. duly bring to me the six bound closely, through these drops,
As one who ploughs with steers brings corn.
16 Along their paths the Mothers go, Sisters of priestly ministrants,
Mingling their sweetness with the milk.
17 May Waters gathered near the Sun, and those wherewith the Sun is
Speed forth this sacrifice of ours.
18 I call the Waters, Goddesses, wherein our cattle quench their thirst;
Oblations to the Streams be given.
19 Amrit is in the Waters in the Waters there is healing balm
Be swift, ye Gods, to give them praise.
20 Within the Waters-Soma thus hath told me-dwell all balms that heal,
And Agni, he who blesseth all. The Waters hold all medicines.
21 O Waters, teem with medicine to keep my body safe from harm,
So that I long may see the Sun.
22 Whatever sin is found in me, whatever evil I have wrought.
If I have lied or falsely sworn, Waters, remove it far from me.
23 The Waters I this day have sought, and to their moisture have we come:
O Agni, rich in milk, come thou, and with thy splendour cover me.
24 Fill me with splendour, Agni; give offspring and length of days; the Gods
Shall know me even as I am, and Indra with the Rsis, know.

HYMN XXIV. Varuna and Others.
1 WHO now is he, what God among Immortals, of whose auspicious name we
may bethink us?
Who shall to mighty Aditi restore us, that I may see my Father and my
2 Agni the God the first among the Immortals, - of his auspicious name let us
bethink us.
He shall to mighty Aditi restore us, that I may see my Father and my Mother.
3 To thee, O Savitar, the Lord of precious things, who helpest us
Continually, for our share we come4 Wealth, highly lauded ere reproach hath fallen on it, which is laid,
Free from all hatred, in thy hands
5 Through thy protection may we come to even the height of affluence
Which Bhaga hath dealt out to us.
6 Ne'er have those birds that fly through air attained to thy high dominion or
thy might or spirit;
Nor these the waters that flow on for ever, nor hills, abaters of the wind's
wild fury.
7 Varuna, King, of hallowed might, sustaineth erect the Tree's stem in the
baseless region.

Its rays, whose root is high above, stream downward. Deep may they sink
within us, and be hidden.
8 King Varuna hath made a spacious pathway, a pathway for the Sun wherein
to travel.
Where no way was he made him set his footstep, and warned afar whate'er
afflicts the spirit.
9 A hundred balms are thine, O King, a thousand; deep and wide-reaching
also be thy favours.
Far from us, far away drive thou Destruction. Put from us e'en the sin we
have committed.
10 Whither by day depart the constellations that shine at night, set high in
heaven above us?
Varuna's holy laws remain unweakened, and through the night the Moon
moves on in splendor
11 I ask this of thee with my prayer adoring; thy worshipper craves this with
his oblation.
Varuna, stay thou here and be not angry; steal not our life from us, O thou
12 Nightly and daily this one thing they tell me, this too the thought of mine
own heart repeateth.
May he to whom prayed fettered Sunahsepa, may he the Sovran Varuna
release us.
13 Bound to three pillars captured Sunahsepa thus to the Aditya made his
Him may the Sovran Varuna deliver, wise, ne'er deccived, loosen the bonds
that bind him.
14 With bending down, oblations, sacrifices, O Varuna, we deprecate thine
Wise Asura, thou King of wide dominion, loosen the bonds of sins by us
15 Loosen the bonds, O Varuna, that hold me, loosen the bonds above,
between, and under.
So in thy holy law may we made sinless belong to Aditi, O thou Aditya.

HYMN XXV. Varuna.
I WHATEVER law of thine, O God, O Varurna, as we are men,
Day after day we violate.
2 give us not as a prey to death, to be destroyed by thee in wrath,
To thy fierce anger when displeased.
3 To gain thy mercy, Varuna, with hymns we bind thy heart, as binds
The charioteer his tethered horse.
4 They flee from me dispirited, bent only on obtaining wealths
As to their nests the birds of air.
5 When shall we bring, to be appeased, the Hero, Lord of warrior might,
Him, the far-seeing Varuna?
6 This, this with joy they both accept in common: never do they fail

The ever-faithful worshipper.
7 He knows the path of birds that fly through heaven, and, Sovran of the
He knows the ships that are thereon.
8 True to his holy law, he knows the twelve moons with their progeny:
He knows the moon of later birth.
9 He knows the pathway of the wind, the spreading, high, and mighty wind
He knows the Gods who dwell above.
10 Varuna, true to holy law, sits down among his people; he,
Most wise, sits there to govern. all.
11 From thence percerving he beholds all wondrous things, both what hath
And what hereafter will be done.
12 May that Aditya, very -wise, make fair paths for us all our days:
May lie prolong our lives for us.
13 Varuna, wearing golden mail, hath clad him in a shining robe.
His spies are seated found about.
14 The God whom enemies threaten not, nor those who tyrannize o'er men,
Nor those whose minds are bent on wrong.
15 He who gives glory to mankind, not glory that is incomplete,
To our own bodies giving it.
16 Yearning for the wide-seeing One, my thoughts move onward unto him,
As kine unto their pastures move.
17 Once more together let us speak, because my meath is brought: priestlike
Thou eatest what is dear to thee.
18 Now saw I him whom all may see, I saw his car above the earth:
He hath accepted these my songs.
19 Varuna, hear this call of mine: be gracious unto us this day
Longing for help I cried to thee.
20 Thou, O wise God, art Lord of all, thou art the King of earth and heaven
Hear, as thou goest on thy way.
21 Release us from the upper bond, untie the bond between, and loose
The bonds below, that I may live.

1 O WORTHY of oblation, Lord of prospering powers, assume thy robes,
And offer this our sacrifice.
2 Sit ever to be chosen, as our Priest., most youthful, through our hymns,
O Agni, through our heavenly word.
3 For here a Father for his son, Kinsman for kinsman worshippeth,
And Friend, choice-worthy, for his friend.
4 Fiere let the foe-destroyers sit, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman,
Like men, upon our sacred grass.
5 O ancient Herald, be thou glad in this our rite and fellowship:
Hearken thou well to these our songs.

with bright fires. 5 Give us a share of strength most high. choice-worthy may We. O Agni evermore Protect us from the sinful man. be dear to him. hear us through our lauds. Agni. find pleasure in this our sacrifice. we pray to thee. bringer of great felicity. And this our newest song of praise. . this eulogy to Rudra. pay the God worship: no better prayer than this. O Indra. acknowledge. 6 Thou dealest gifts. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. Who pours his gifts like rain. O Agni. with bright fires. Refulgent. this work. 8 Him. be ours. great. O Son of Strength. whosoever he may be. a share of strength that is below. if we have power. 1 THERE where the broad-based stone raised on high to press the juices out. 9 May he who dwells with all mankind bear us with war-steeds through the fight. Priest. 10 Help. thou who knowest lauds. Agni the banner of the Gods. 9 And. 10 With all thy fires. limitless. so may the eulogies of mortal men Belong to us and thee alike. from near. pleasant and. O Immortal One. 1 WITH worship will I glorify thee. Urge us to strength and holy thought. And this our speech. 13 Glory to Gods. as with waves of Sindhu. smoke-bannered excellently bright. resplendent One. 8 The Gods. 3 Lord of all life. Etc. have granted precious wealth to us So. 2 May the far-striding Son of Strength.6 Whate'er in this perpetual course we sacrifice to God and God. him Adorable in every house. from far. 7 That man is lord of endless strength whom thou protectest in the fight. do thou. Agni. graciously announce this our oblation to the Gods. That gift is offered up in thee 7 May he be our dear household Lord. mighty One: Nay. HYMN XXVII. ye Gods. thou Swift streamest to the worshipper. Imperial Lord of sacred rites. no man may vanquish. like a long-tailed steed. very glorious power is his. 4 O Agni. nigh. A share of strength that is between. And with the singers win the spoil. 11 May this our God. HYMN XXVIII Indra. or urgest to the fray. the mighty and the lesser glory to Gods the younger and the elder! Let us. adored with brilliant fires. 12 Like some rich Lord of men may he. Agni.

give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. as with reins to guide a horse. 5 Destroy this ass. O Indra. utterly hopeless though we be. O Indra. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. 5 If of a truth in every house. O Indra. O Indra. O most wealthy One. O most wealthy One. O Indra. O most wealthy One. O Indra. O Sacrificial Implements. whose jaws are strong. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. O Indra. and destroy him who in secret injures us: Do thou. Indra. and on the ox-hide set the dregs. the powerful: Do thou. O most wealthy One. who in tones discordant brays to thee: Do thou. O Indra. both swift. . as the wind blows soft in front of thee. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine In thousands. In thousands. 7 Slay each reviler. loud as the drum of conquerors. In thousands. the pair who on each other look Do thou. In thousands. ye stretch wide jaws. to wake no more. Lord of Hundred Powers. Indra. O Mortar thou art set for work. give us. for Indra press thou forth the Soma juice that he may drink. O most wealthy One. O Indra. Mortar. they bind the churning-staff with cords. 1 O SOMA DRINKER. great deeds are thine. 4 Where. 9 Take up in beakers what remains: the Soma on the filter pour.2 Where. let hostile spirits sleep. 1 WE seeking strength with Soma-drops fill full your Indra like a well. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. O Indra. 6 O Sovran of the Forest. 4 Hero. help of beauteous horses and of kine. In thousands. 8 Ye Sovrans of the Forest. and every gentler genius wake: Do thou. 3 There where the woman marks and leans the pestle's constant rise and fall. In thousands. O Indra. 6 Far distant on the forest fall the tempest in a circling course! Do thou. 2 O Lord of Strength. Here give thou forth thy clearest sound. Do thou.. O most wealthy One. Most liberal. to hold the juice the platters of the press are laid. O most wealthy One. Like two bay horses champing herbs. In thousands. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. 7 Best strength-givers. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. with swift pressers press to-day Sweet Soma juice for Indra's drink. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. HYMN XXIX. 3 Lull thou asleep. ever true. HYMN XXX. like broad hips.

ye of mighty acts. 12 Thus. O ye of wondrous deeds. stand up to lend us succour in this fight In others too let us agree. to our call. 16 With champing. 14 Like thee. enjoyeth thee? Where lovest thou? To whom. 4 This is thine own. Thee whom my sire invoked of old. in every fray we call as friends to succour us Indra the mightiest of all. 18 Your chariot yoked for both alike. Thou drawest near. The other round the sky revolves. as it were. may it be. dost thou go? 21 For we have had thee in our thoughts whether anear or far away. the singers' Friend. Bold One. . and let us too receive it. O radiant. 9 I call him mighty to resist. 13 With Indra splendid feasts be ours. 15 That. 6 Lord of a Hundred Powers. Thunder-armed. 7 In every need. 10 We pray to thee. a thousand of the milk-blent draughts Flow. Asvins. Stirrest the axle with thy strength. as turns a pigeon to his mate: Thou carest too for this our prayer. Lord of Bounties. O Aivins. besought. Travels. the axle of the car. may power and joyfulness Be his who sings the laud to thee. even as down a depth. thou to grace and please thy praisers. And send thou riches down to us. neighing loudly-snorting horses Indra hath ever won himself great treasures A car of gold hath he whose deeds are wondrous received from us. 11 O Soma-drinker.2 Who lets a hundred of the pure. thus. act To aid each wish as we desire. Kind God to those who sing thy praise. who wieldest thunder. Satakratu. 22 Hither. O immortal Dawn. And gold. in the sea. O Friend. O Daughter of the Sky. O much-invoked. with enduring strength wealthy in horses and in kine. 20 What mortal. rich in all prccious gifts. And all that strengthens. 17 Come. Soma-drinker. the rapturous joy he in this manner hath made room Within his belly. as it were. Wealthy in food. Friend of our lovely-featured dames And of our Soma-drinking friends. thyself. come thou with these thy strengthenings. praised in hymns. thou movest. 19 High on the forehead of the Bull one chariot wheel ye ever keep. like the sea. the Hero of our ancient home. Red-hued and like a dappled mare. we may rejoice. 5 O Hero. immortal. 8 If he will hear us let him come with succour of a thousand kinds. 3 When for the strong. to him. Friend. rich in all strengthening things wherewith.

through all existence spread. what time a Son was born to the father of my race. thou art our Providence. Agni. resting in many a place for sake of living man. didst worship mighty Gods. first eastward they bear thee round. Lord of the house of Nahusa. the best and earliest Angiras. and to the prince grantest abundant food. -with their glittering spears. sage. 9 O blameless Agni lying in thy Parents' lap. thou wast. thou lightenest first our folk 6 Agni. our Father thou . day by day. Agni. and. yet more pious. a God among the Gods. preserve our wealthy patrons with thy succours.HYMN XXXI. thou. active through wisdom. wise. to the west. After thy holy ordinance the Maruts. be watchful for our good. after. O infallible! 11 Thee. 2 O Agni. thou. 8 O Agni. with all the Gods. O Earth and Heaven. highly lauded. slayest in war the many by the hands of few. protect us. Agni. Thou. Former of bodies. and ourselves. to be invoked by him who lifts the ladle up. the Gods' auspicious Friend. thousand treasures. rich in good heroes. Well knowing the oblation with the hallowing word. be the singer's Providence: all good things hast thou sown for him. a Seer. uniting all who live. Vasu! shook at the choosing of the Priest: the burthen thou didst bear. meet hundred. 7 For glory. guard of high decrees. When thou art rapidly freed from thy parents. Even thou who yearning for both races givest them great bliss. Agni.we are thy brethren and thou art our spring of life. O Agni. farseeing One! who walks in evil ways. fulfillest as a Sage the holy law of Gods. 5 Thou. Heaven and Earth. 4 Agni thou madest heaven to thunder for mankind. . Agni. Sprung from two mothers. 12 Worthy to be revered. were born. thou liftest up the mortal man to highest immortality. in thee. Ila they made the teacher of the sons of men. auspicious One! 10 Agni. Agni. make our singer famous that he may win us store of riches: May we improve the rite with new performance. have the Gods made the first living One for living man. round. when the heroes fight for spoil which men rush. thou savest in the synod when pursued e'en him. art a Bull who makes our store increase. wast disclosed. God. for pious Pururavas. 3 To Matarisvan first thou. 1 Thou. and to Vivasvan through thy noble inward power. wast the earliest Angiras. a God thyself.

thou art a guard close to the pious man. HYMN XXXII. widely straying. Then. Like lowing kine in rapid flow descending the waters glided downward to the ocean. 18 By this our prayer be thou. who speedest nigh and who inspirest mortals. thou foundest not one foe to stand against thee. and offer what they love. and cleft the channels of the mountain torrents. . foureyed! for him who is unarmcd. Agni gainest for the loudly-praising priest the highest wealth. caring even for the weak. O Agni. so Angiras! pure Agni! come thou to our hall Bring hither the celestial host and seat them here upon the sacred grass. and overcome the charms of the enchanters. to the simple one thou teachest lore. therefore. 1 I WILL declare the manly deeds of Indra. Dear Friend and Father. 5 Indra with his own great and deadly thunder smote into pieces Vrtra. then disclosed the waters. O Agni. 15 Agni. aiding our cows to bear. Maghavan grasped the thunder for his weapon. and smote to death this firstborn of the dragons. 14 Thou. he chose the Soma and in three sacred beakers drank the juices. He slew the Dragon. 4 When. caring for the pious. when he hath brought his gift to gain security. incessantly protecting in thy holy way. is the type of heaven. the man who giveth guerdon to the priests. He who with grateful food shows kindness in his house. Indra. the first that he achieved. worst of Vrtras. kindled art thou. like well-sewn armour thou guardest on every side. -. 3 Impetuous as a bull.the path which we have trodden. to increasing riches. Thou art called Father. to Yayiti. 17 As erst to Manus. giving life to Sun and Dawn and Heaven. 16 Pardon. we pray. Indra. an offerer to the living. 2 He slew the Dragon lying on the mountain: his heavenly bolt of thunder Tvastar fashioned. prayer made by us after our power and knowledge. the Thunder-wielder. this sin of ours. the object of a man's desire. thou hadst slain the dragon's firstborn. Angiras. strengthened.Guard of our seed art thou. With fond heart thou acceptest e'en the poor man's prayer. 13 Agni. Lead thou us. endow us with thy strengthbestowing favour. and wisest.

He. containing all as spokes within the felly. the great impetuous manyslaying Hero. 13 Nothing availed him lightning. 9 Then humbled was the strength of Vrtra's mother: Indra hath cast his deadly bolt against her. But he. Over all living men he rules as Sovran. crushed-Indra's foe-the shattered forts in falling. Thou hast won back the kine. who smote him with his bolt between the shoulders. That. low on the earth so lies the prostrate Dragon. Indra. that fear possessed thy heart when thou hadst slain him. like a hawk affrighted through the regions. Maghavan gained the victory for ever. 10 Rolled in the midst of never-ceasing currents flowing without a rest for ever onward. what time the axe hath felled them. The Dragon lies beneath the feet of torrents which Vrtra with his greatness had encompassed. 12 A horse's tail wast thou when he. thou.As trunks of trees. HYMN XXXIII. 7 Footless and handless still he challenged Indra. challenged Indra. smote on thy bolt. 1 Come. O Indra. 8 There as he lies like a bank-bursting river. fain for booty let us seek to Indra: yet more shall he increase his care that guides us. brooking not the clashing of the weapons. the waters taking courage flow above him. 14 Whom sawest thou to avenge the Dragon. hast won the Soma. the son was under and like a cow beside her calf lay Danu. opened the cave wherein the floods had been imprisoned. when he had smitten Vrtra. The mother was above. thou hast let loose to flow the Seven Rivers. . God without a second. 6 He. hailstorm or mist which had spread around him: When Indra and the Dragon strove in battle. Indra. like a mad weak warrior. the waters stayed like kine held by the robber. The waters bear off Vrtra's nameless body: the foe of Indra sank to during darkness. thus Vrtra lay with scattered limbs dissevered. 11 Guarded by Ahi stood the thralls of Dasas. Emasculate yet claiming manly vigour. the Thunder-wielder. of creatures tame and horned. nothing thunder. thou crossedst nine-andninety flowing rivers? 15 Indra is King of all that moves and moves not.

Then Indra. the ancient riteless ones fled to destruction. be thou no trafficker with us. the Bull. for all his might and swiftness. 6 They met in fight the army of the blameless.Will not the Indestructible endow us with perfect knowledge of this wealth. 9 As thou enjoyest heaven and earth. 10 They who pervaded earth's extremest limit subdued not with their charms the Wealth-bestower: Indra. Maghavan. and with its light milked cows from out the darkness. fierce Lord of the Bay Steeds. 5 Fighting with pious worshippers. slewest thy fighting foeman with thy thunder 13 Fierce on his enemies fell Indra's weapon: with. by steep paths from Indra. yet going with thy helpers. then the Navagvas put forth all their power. they o'ercame not Indra: their spies he compassed with the Sun of morning. fled. on every side surrounded with thy greatness. blewest from earth and heaven and sky the godless. most mighty. like emasculates with men contending. 8 Adorned with their array of gold and jewels. Indra! with averted faces. When thou. on the sky's extremest limit. They. made his ally the thunder. the Stayer. smote him for ever with his strongest weapon. The Dasyu thou hast burned from heaven. his sharp bull he rent . Indra. he bindeth on the quiver he driveth cattle from what foe he pleaseth: Gathering up great store of riches. with his spirit concentrated. conscious. and welcomed the prayer of him who pours the juice and lauds thee. thou hast o'erthrown them. 3 Mid all his host. 7 Whether they weep or laugh. of cattle? 2 I fly to him invisible Wealth-giver as flies the falcon to his cherished eyrie. Indra! Far from the floor of heaven in all directions. and Suspa with his horn he cut to pieces: Thou. Although they hastened. and those who worship not with those who worship. they o'er the earth a covering veil extended. With fairest hymns of praise adoring Indra. 4 Thou slewest with thy bolt the wealthy Dasyu. he raid the navigable streams waxed mighty. scattered. 11 The waters flowed according to their nature. O Indra. the riteless turned and fled. alone. So thou with priests bast blown away the Dasyu. 12 Indra broke through Ilibisa's strong castles. whom those who laud him must invoke in battle. O Indra.

with the Seven Mother Streams. and Svitri's son stood up again for conquest. 14 Indra. thrice send us store of food as nevermore to fail. 15 Svitra's mild steer. 2 Three are the fellies in your honey-bearing car. come ye to the three. bring to us abundant wealth: thrice in the Gods' assembly. as all know. 8 Thrice. 4 Thrice come ye to our home. and guardedst brave Dagadyu when he battled. thou helpest Kutsa whom thou lovedst. Three are the pillars set upon it for support: thrice journey ye by night. O ye Asvins. sprinkle ye thrice to-day our sacrifice with meath. as to a cloak in winter. Favour and health and strength bestow upon my son. bring us what shall make us glad. and conquered. 9 Where are the three wheels of your triple chariot. three are the jars. where are the three . that travels after Soma's loved one. Thrice. we cleave close: you are to be drawn nigh unto us by the wise. 7 Thrice are ye to be worshipped day by day by us: thrice.their forts in pieces. O ye Nasatyas. ye Gods who banish want. the triple offering is prepared. grant to him. thrice assist our thoughts. come. O ye Asvins. 5 Thrice. grant to us the heavenly medicines. Asvins. thrice grant us fame. Three are the worlds. grant ye us prosperity. Car-borne from far away. and at break of day. The dust of trampling horses rose to heaven. thrice those of earth and thrice those that the waters hold. and moving on above the sky ye guard the firm-set vault of heaven through days and nights. thrice triply aid the man who well deserves your help. executing all his purpose. Long stood they there before the task was ended: thou wast the master of the foemen's treasure. He with his thunderbolt dealt blows on Vrtra. at evening. mid Tugra's houses. ye travel around the earth. To you. triple protection. O ye Asvins. 1 Ye who observe this day be with us even thrice: far-stretching is you bounty. Asvins and your course. O ye Asvins. for the Sun's daughter hath mounted your three-wheeled car. Asvins. thrice by day. Lords of Splendour. thrice to the righteous folk. 6 Thrice. Thrice. O ye Asvins. O Asvins. 3 Thrice in the self-same day. O Maghavan thou helpest in combat for the land. HYMN XXXIV. like vital air to bodies. And thrice vouchsafe us store of food with plenteous strength.

hath lightened up the regions. with golden pole. God who looks on every creature. I call on Night who gives rest to all moving life. I cry to you who hear me for protection be ye our helpers where men win the booty. drink the sweet juice with lips that know the sweetness well. lofty. The many-rayed One. 6 Three heavens there are. the downward. Savitar. firm. two Savitar's. variouscoloured. 7 He. O Asvins. laying to rest the immortal and the mortal. I call on Mitra. O ye Asvins. have manifested light to all the peoples. be with us evermore. the God from the far distance. Savitar the holy. 1 AGNI I first invoke for our prosperity. and wipe out all our sins: ward off our enemies. bearing power and might. with the thrice-eleven Gods. before the dawn of day. Savitar sends. Nasatyas? 10 Nasatyas. to aid us here. fraught with oil. deep-quivering Asura. to the drinking of the meath. Held in the lap of Savitar. come: the sacred gift is offered up. all beings have their place for ever. As on a linch-pin. of various colours. divine One. HYMN XXXV. come. where is one to tell us to what celestial sphere his ray hath wandered? 8 The earth's eight points his brightness hath illumined. the home of heroes. three desert regions . adorable. 11 Come. white-footed. with two bright Bays. strong of wing. Savitar. I call on Savitar the God to lend us help. the gentle Leader. he journeys. 12 Borne in your triple car. bring us present prosperity with noble offspring. Where now is Surya. 5 Drawing the gold-yoked car his Bays. to bring you to our sacrifice. the God hath mounted. to our sacrifice. bound. Savitar comes. all men. 2 Throughout the dusky firmament advancing. for darksome regions. Borne in his golden chariot he cometh. rest things immortal: he who hath known it let him here declare it. Varuna. your car. O Nasatyas. 4 His chariot decked with pearl.seats thereto firmly fastened? When will ye yoke the mighty ass that draws it. adjacent: in Yama's world is one. 3 The God moves by the upward path. Make long our days of life. and chases from us all distress and sorrow.

art a cheering Priest. and made the earth and heaven and firmament a wide abode. . bids the Sun approach us. thee. thine ancient dustless pathways are well established in the air's midregion: O God. Mitra. the God is present. That mortal man. 10 May he. Agni. the Lord Of many families who duly serve the Gods. and spreads the bright sky through the darksome region. giving choice treasures unto him who worships. O Agni. and bless us. invoked. men's messenger: All constant high decrees established by the Gods. that we may have heroic sons. far-seeing. yea. 1 WITH words sent forth in holy hymns. come hither to us with his help and favour. praised in hymns at evening. kind Leader. 9 Seat thee. victorious o'er the enemies. Our gracious-minded Helper in our deeds of might. worship thou our Gods. the Omniscient. come by those paths so fair to travel. who hath poured offerings unto thee. Aryaman. 5 Thou.and the Seven Rivers. gold-handed Asura. God Savitar the gold-eyed hath come hither. Drives away sickness. 11 O Savitar. ruddy and beautiful . 6 In thee. gracious. 8 Vrtra they smote and slew.Varuna. worship thee. 9 The golden-handed Savitar. this day. be thou. Lord of the House. him who makes their strength abound: we. each sacred gift is offered up: This day. and after. preserve thou us from harm this day. best entertainer of the Gods. O Agni. 4 The Gods enkindle thee their ancient messenger. O Excellent. for thou art mighty. Men kindle Agni with their sacrificial gifts. hath stood at Kanva's side: loud neighed the Steed in frays for kine. Driving off Raksasas and Yatudhanas. him whom others also praise. 3 Thee for our messenger we choose. for our Priest. Agni. the auspicious One. meet in thee. praised Agni! loose the smoke. Worthy of sacred food. 7 To him in his own splendour bright draw near in worship the devout. The glorious Bull. Agni we supplicate. gathered together. The flames of thee the mighty are spread wide around: thy splendour reaches to the sky. 2 Men have won Agni. HYMN XXXVI. shine. goes on his way between the earth and heaven. gains through thee all wealth. with oblations. youthfullest.

from the fiend. 12 Make our wealth perfect thou. to subdue the foe. 15 Preserve us. Maruts. best sacrificing Priest. Raise thou us up that we may walk and live. Most Youthful. were born together. whom Medhyatithi. preserve us from sore trouble. 20 The flames of Agni full of splendour and of might are fearful. as though 'twere close at hand. Let not the man who plots against us in the night. hath helped Upastuta to win. from afar. by means of Agni. 11 Him. HYMN XXXVII. and felicity: Agni hath helped our friends. smite thou the wicked. whom. for thou art great. and Vrsan and Upastuta. we extol: his powers shine out preeminent. Sporting. Agni. Agni. with the spotted deer. Him these our songs of praise. thou who hast fire for teeth. bring Navavastva and Brhadratba. Agni. nor any foe prevail o'er us. O Agni. to your band of Maruts unassailable. 16 Smite down as with a club.to see. for Kanva hast thou blazed. Consume for ever all demons and sorcerers. Turviti. and glittering ornaments. 1 SING forth. whom Medhyatithi made the source of wealth. Agni. oil-fed. Spears. O Kanvas. Save us from him who fain would injure us or slay. thou with lofty light. stand up like Savitar the God: Erect as strength-bestower we call aloud. with thy flame burn thou each ravening demon dead. Yadu. with unguents and with priests. 19 Manu hath stablished thee a light. whom Kanva kindled for his rite. thou whom the people reverence. the Gods for Manu's sake ordained. Whom Kanva. Turvasa. Thou rulest as a King o'er widely-famous strength: be good to us. so thou shalt find our worship mid the Gods. swords. right and left. for all the race of men: Sprung from the Law. the cracking of the whips they hold . not to be approached. 3 One hears. consume thou each devouring fiend. 17 Agni hath given heroic might to Kainva. Agni. self-luminous. 14 Erect. him. Lord divine: for thou hast kinship with the Gods. preserve us from malicious wrong. 18 We call on Ugradeva. 13 Stand up erect to lend us aid. hath helped Medhyitithi. resplendent on their car 2 They who. on thee. 10 Bearer of offerings.

. Gods. 5 Then never were your praiser loathed like a wild beast in pasture-land. We are their servants evermore. so have ye cast men down on earth. 9 Strong is their birth: vigour have they to issue from their Mother. The fiercely-vigorous. 6 Let not destructive plague on plague hard to be conquered. I WHAT now? When will ye take us by both hands. were mortal. they the fierce and mighty Sons of Rudra send their windless Rain e'en on the desert places. Heroes. When their rain-flood hath been loosened. even twice enough. for ye have worshippers among Kanva's sons May you rejoice among them well. strength. the Singers. her youngling. 12 O Maruts.They gather glory on their way. as your strength is great. and Immortal he who sings your praise. HYMN XXXVIII. 6 Who is your mightiest. depart from us. Yea. Maruts. Long. 15 All is prepared for your delight. is theirs. and inexhaustible. they drop this offspring of the cloud. for 'tis the Maruts' sportive band: It strengthened as it drank the rain. So that the kine must walk knee-deep. motherlike. Trembles in terror on their ways. 5 Praise ye the Bull among the cows. 13 The while the Maruts pass along. Ye shake them like a garment's hem? 7 At your approach man holds him down before the fury of your wrath: The rugged-jointed mountain yields. 8 Like a cow the lightning lows and follows. and not on earth? Where do your cows disport themselves? 3 Where are your newest favours shown? Where. your prosperity? Where all your high felicities? 4 If. 11 Before them. ye the Sons whom Prsni bore. Nor should he go on Yama's path. on the ways they go. like an age-weakened lord of men. as a dear sire his son. for whom sacred grass is clipped? 2 Now whither? To what goal of yours go ye in heaven. To live as long as life may last. 4 Now sing ye forth the God-given hymn to your exultant Marut host. the Sons. strike its down: Let each. the strong. broad. 8 They at whose racings forth the earth. O ye Maruts. when. 7 Truly. Maruts. 10 And these. they talk together on the way: Doth any hear them as they speak? 14 Come quick with swift steeds. with drought. O shakers of the earth and heaven. So have ye made the mountains fall. in their racings have enlarged the bounds.

Agni the Lord of Prayer. Gods with all your company. vigorous: Here let the Strong Ones dwell with us. not as a guileful mortal's strength. drive. so now for frightened Kanva's sake. steady your horses and your cars. With the water-laden rain-cloud. Heroes. 6 Ye to your chariot have yoked the spotted deer: a red deer. 12 Firm be the fellies of your wheels. 9 For ye. 11 O Maruts. ye Maruts. draws. as a leader. have guarded Kanva perfectly. at your voice's sound this earthly habitation shakes. 8 Should any monstrous foe. and with the succours that are yours. for praise. tuneful. . with your strong-hoofed steeds. be yours. to whom. Come to us with your aid as in the days of old. O shakers of the earth. no enemy of yours is found in heaven or on the earth: Ye Rudras. O Maruts. onward. the worshipful and wise. to bid defiance even now. And each man reels who dwells therein. 7 O Rudras. sent by you or sent by mortals threaten us. like flame. from far away. they rend the forest-kings apart. Him who is fair as Mitra is. Yea. and men were sorely terrified. praiseworthy. unhindered in their courses. 3 When what is strong ye overthrow. passing glorious must be your warrior might.9 When they inundate the earth they spread forth darkness e'en in day time. and whirl about each ponderous thing. Maruts. quickly we desire your succour for this work of ours. Even the Earth herself listened as ye came near. moved by whose wisdom. To whom go Ye. haste Along the bright embanked streams. 5 They make the mountains rock and reel. a rainy cloud Sing forth the measured eulogy. Tear ye him from us with your power and with your might. ye. HYMN XXXIX Maruts. firm for resistance let them be. 10 O Maruts. 13 Invite thou hither with this song. 15 Sing glory to the Marut host. your course is through the forest trees of earth. whose design? 2 Strong let your weapons be to drive away your foes. 14 Form in thy mouth the hymn of praise expand thee like. like creatures drunk with wine. may the strength. ye cast your measure forth. 1 WHEN thus. And may your reins be fashioned well. 4 Consumers of your foes. held in this bond. and through the fissures of the rocks.

O Heroes. with kings he slays: e'en mid alarms he dwells secure In great or lesser fight none checks him. HYMN XLI. 1 NE'ER is he injured whom the Gods Varuna. Gods! recite that hymn. may this man who loves you well obtain wealth of good steeds and hero might. 10 Whole strength have ye. come to us. Wherein Indra and Varuna. as with full hands. 8 He amplifies his lordly might. Aryaman. the Maruts. is the path. peerless. graciously accept this word. most swift. free from scathe. as lightning flashes seek the rain. protect. easy for him who seeks the Law: . may Sunrta the Goddess come. 4 Thornless. lover of mankind. perfect. enrich. If you. have made their dwelling place. against the poet's wrathful enemy send ye an enemy like a dart. 2 He prospers ever. Adityas. Varuna. is your might. the Gods. none subdues.O Maruts. Mitra. HYMN XL. For him we offer sacred hero-giving food. 2 O Son of Strength. earth-shakers. peerless and conquering easily.-the wielder of the thunderbolt. 6 May we in holy synods. 4 He who bestows a noble guerdon on the priest wins fame that never shall decay. be thou with them. Mitra. And Gods bring to this rite which gives the five-fold gift the Hero. And lead him safely o'er distress. Indra. The excellently wise. 5 Now Brahmanaspati speaks forth aloud the solemn hymn of praise. Whom they preserve from every foe. each mortal calls to thee for aid when spoil of battle waits for him. Brahmanaspati 1 O BRAMANASPATI. Aryaman. may it obtain all bliss from you. 3 May Brahmanaspati draw nigh. 7 Who shall approach the pious? who the man whose sacred grass is trimmed? The offerer with his folk advances more and more: he fills his house with precious things. whom they. O Bounteous Ones. Aryaman. May they who give good gifts. Mitra. 3 The Kings drive far away from him his troubles and his enemies. O Maruts. Maruts. that brings felicity. stand up: God-serving men we pray to thee. come to us with full protecting help.

Pusan. Pusan. 9 Let him not love to speak ill words: but fear the One who holds all four Within his hand. the wicked inauspicious wolf. O Pusan. Adityas. 7 How. strong. ye Heroes guide by the path direct. the best among the Gods. feed us.May that come nigh unto your thought. 7 Past all pursuers lead us. cloud-born God. 4 Tread with thy foot and trample out the firebrand of the wicked one. my friends. Glorious food of Varuna? 8 I point not out to you a man who strikes the pious. 3 Who lurks about the path we take. give. the robber with a guileful heart: Far from the road chase him away. Wonder-Worker. 5 Wise Pusan. gains wealth and every precious thing. HYMN XLIII. 1 WHAT shall we sing to Rudra. our kine. of hymns and balmy medicines. all the Gods with one accord. And children also of his own. shall we prepare Aryaman's and Mitra's laud. I SHORTEN our ways. that Rudra may remember us. most bounteous. HYMN XLII. Rudra. 6 That mortal. We pray for joy and health and strength. until they fall. 9 Be gracious to us. . we claim of thee now the aid wherewith Thou furtheredst our sires of old. 4 To Rudra Lord of sacrifice. and invigorate: O Pusan. or reviles: Only with hymns I call you nigh. from our road the wolf. The good. The double-tongued. ever unsubdued.With him is naught to anger you. That shall be dearest to his heart? 2 That Aditi may grant the grace of Rudra to our folk. Our cattle and our progeny. move aside obstruction in the path: Go close before us. 8 Lead us to meadows rich in grass: send on our way no early heat: O Pusan. whoe'er he be. him we magnify with songs of praise: We seek the Mighty One for wealth. find thou power for this. 2 Drive. Yea. refulgent as bright gold is he. Make riches easy to be won. 6 May he grant health into our steeds. 6 So. Lord of all prosperity. find thou power for this. 10 No blame have we for Pusan. Who lies in Wait to injure us. best wielder of the golden sword. excellently wise. 3 That Mitra and that Varuna. fill us full. wellbeing to our rams and ewes. find thou power for this. 5 He shines in splendour like the Sun. 5 What sacrifice. make pleasant our path and fair to tread: O Pusan.

8 At dawn of day. Immortal. . Agni. Agni's self: Skilled in fair rites. So Agni. will I glorify. honey-tongued. Him. The great renown of mighty chiefs. show honour to the Heavenly Host. much-invoked. best at sacrifice. nor those who trouble Soma.To men. Thou art our help in battle-strife. at break of day glory of sacrificial rites. all visible. set thou upon us the glory of a hundred men. the excellently wise. Agni. central point. O Agni. meet for sacred food. at the highest place of holy law. the oblationwafting God. give us a share of strength. Indu. O most youthful God. kindle thee as all possessor and as Priest. the Asvins. O rich in light. with Soma poured. 9 Soma! head. this day to him who pays oblations bring the Gods who waken with the morn. love these. we will stablish thee. granting to Praskanva lengthened days of life. dear to the men who offer gifts. And. ministering Priest. the great high priest in sacrifice. Agni Jatavedas. Soma! know these as serving thee. Smoke-bannered spreader of the light. preserver. the swift immortal messenger. I beseech at dawn that he may bring the Gods to us. at night. after former dawns. Agni. by many loved. and to kine. the charioteer of sacrifice: Accordant with the Asvins and with Dawn grant us heroic strength and lofty fame. bring hither with all speed the Gods. Agni. 9 For. as richly worshipped. 7 O Soma. exceeding wise. deathless nourisher of the world. I IMMORTAL Jatavedas. 11 Like Manu. HYMN XLIV. Lord of sacrifice and messenger of men art thou: Bring thou the Gods who wake at dawn who see the light. 8 Let not malignities. Invoker. to women. the Kanvas light thee. Agni. 2 For thou art offering-bearer and loved messenger. 4 Him noblest and most youthful. 6 Tell good things to thy praiser. the Friend of inan. Children of thee Immortal. 7 For the men. 5 Thee. 3 As messenger we choose to-day Agni the good whom many love. 10 Thou shonest forth. offering-bearer. this day to drink the Soma juice. richly worshipped guest. Bhaga. hinder us. 12 When as the Gods' High Priest. Usas and Savitar. thou dost their mission as their nearest Friend. performer of the rite. thou many-hued fulgent gift of Dawn. Agni.

all Who spring from Manu. Great light to mortal worshipper. Atri. loved by many. 6 O Agni. invoked withholy oil. quick to hear. Agni! here. bountiful giver of rewards. roar aloud. to drink the Soma juice 10 Bring with joint invocations thou. bounteous. Let Mitra. 5 Ye have regard unto our hymns. 8 Singers with Soma pressed have made thee. Agni. 13 Heat-. dear Daughter of the Sky: High. thy flames. 9 Good. the Rudras. most widely famous. whereby the sons of Kanva call thee to their aid. the life-tongued Maruts. I WORSHIP the Vasus. in their homes Men call on thee whose hair is flame. When your car flies with winged steeds. Nasatyas. . mighty to save discoverers of riches. drink the Soma juice. those who know fair rites. thinking of our words: Drink boldly of the Soma juice.. 1 Now Morning with her earliest light shines forth. Lord of the House. the host of heaven. I extol your praise. Asvins. As Priyamedha erst was heard. These eulogies. this day seat here on sacred grass the Gods Who come at early morn. the celestial host: Here stands the Soma. HYMN XLV Agni. hearken thou to Praskanva's call. Asvins. Agni. Angiras. bring thou those Three-and-Thirty Gods. with all thy train of escort Gods. 7 Thee. 4 He. what time they bring the sacred gift. the Adityas. O Agni. the Gods who understand give ear unto the worshipper: Lord of Red Steeds. liberal. to be the bearer of their gifts. Chiefs! with oblations feeds you full. 2 Sons of the Sea. the vigilant. hear our praise.Then. 2 Agni. 4 The sons of Priyamedha skilled in lofty praise have called for help On Agni who with fulgent flame is Ruler of all holy rites. bounteous Gods drink this expressed ere yesterday. 3 Your giant coursers hasten on over the region all in flames. thou of fame most wondrous. Aryaman. like the far-resounding billows of the flood. Singers have stablished in their rites Herald and ministering Priest. HYMN XLVI. Virupa. lover of the flood. great in act. Agni. who bountiUly give. Son of Strength. ye Gods with deep thought who find out wealth. 14 Let those who strengthen Law. 3 O Jatavedas. who lovest song. who hast ears to hear. best to find out wealth. hasten to the feast. O Agni. May Law-supporting Varuna with the Asvins twain and Usas. 5 Hear thou. who pour their blessings down.seeking betimes our rite. seat them upon the sacred grass.

ye strengtheners of holy law. Asvins. O ye Asvins Twain. the drops are in the heaven. have been prepared. for you who strengthen Law this sweetest Soma hath been shed. Dawn follows the brightness of your way: Approve with beams our solemn rites. ye of wondrous deeds. 4 Omniscient Asvins. the Sun appeared as it were gold: And with its-tongue shone forth the dark. beautiful of form To you at sacrifice the Kanvas send the prayer: graciously listen to their call. HYMN XLVlI. . harness ye the car. O Asvin Pair. as to Manu erst. Borne on your lightly-rolling chariot come to us. Drink this expressed ere yesterday and give riches to him who offers it. brought on your treasureladen car. 7 Come in the ship of these our hymns to bear you to the hither shore O Asvins. O hords of Splendour: drink the Soma juice. ye who strengthen Law. May through the darkness carry us. the wealth is at the waters' place: Where will ye manifest your form? 10 Light came to lighten up the branch. 11 The path of sacrifice was made to travel to the farther goal: The road of heaven was manifest. 6 O Mighty Ones. 7 Nasatyas. 13 Ye dwellers with Vivasvan come. Keep us. either from heaven or from the sea. striving heavenward. together with the sunbeams come. call on you with draughts of Soma juice out-poured. with the hymn. 8 The heaven's wide vessel is your own on the flood's shore your chariot waits Drops. with attendant light. who save when Soma gladdens them. mounted on your triple car three-seated. 14 O circumambient Asvins. 12 The singer of their praise awaits whatever grace the Asvins give. 15 Drink ye of our libations. Borne on your wealth-fraught car come ye this day to him who offers. with those aids wherewith ye guarded Kanva carefully. whether ye be far away or close to Turvasa. drink ye this sweetest Soma juice. auspicious. O ye Asvins. 9 Kanvas. The sons of Kanva. come to the Soma and our praise. 2 Come. 1 ASVINS. So now vouchsafe to us the wealth which many crave. grant protection. such strength as.6 Vouchsafe to us. ye gave Sudas abundant food. 5 O Asvins. 3 O Asvins. With aids which none may interrupt. on the thrice-heaped grass bedew with the sweet juice the sacrifice.

Dawn with great glory. Bounteous One. For ye have ever in the Kanvas' well-loved house. driver forth of cars Which. Borne on thy lofty car. most rich. thou of wondrous wealth. that they. may succour us. drunk the Soma juice. 9 Come. Bringing to us great store of high felicity. O Lady of the Light. 10 With lauds and songs of praise we call them down to us. 6 She sends the busy forth. sit. on your car decked with a sunbright canopy. O Usas. HYMN XLVIII. 5 Like a good matron Usas comes carefully tending everything: Rousing all life she stirs all creatures that have feet. and now shall dawn. 7 This Dawn hath yoked her steeds afar. O Usas. O Usas. and bearning on our solemn rites. and makes the birds of air fly up. upon the sacred grass. win thyself the strength which among men is wonderful. 11 O Usas. Usas. O Usas. waken up for me the sounds of joy: send us the riches of the great. Daughter of the Sky. shines foes and enmities away. hear. Bestowing food on him who acts and gives aright. 10 For in thee is each living creature's breath and life. the Daughter of the Sky. Chiefs. 1 DAWN on us with prosperity.8 So let your coursers. the opulent. bring you to our libations here. as she cometh nigh. dawn thou with riches.The. 9 Shine on us with thy radiant light. 3 Usas hath dawned. auspicious Dawn. 4 Here Kanva. advances on her way to Men. the Goddess. boon-givers of all wealth. like gloryseekers on the flood. Whereon ye ever bring wealth to the worshipper. each man to his pursuit: delay she knows not as she springs. O rich in opulence. princes who. sings forth aloud the glories of the heroes' names. bringing steeds and kine. when. have oft sped forth to lighten us. Lady of the Light. have fixed their thought on her. O Nasatyas. she makes the light. as thou comest near. O Asvins. direct their thoughts to liberal gifts. chief of Kanva's race. Excellent! thou dawnest forth. to drink the Soma's pleasant juice. Dawn. Goddess. 2 They. after thy dawning birds that have flown forth no longer rest. beyond the rising of the Sun: Borne on a hundred chariots she. . 8 To meet her glance all living creatures bend them down: Excellent One. Daughter of the Sky. ornaments of sacrifice. our call.

maker of the light. Like flames of fire that burn and blaze. have called with sacred songs. 4 Thou dawning with thy beams of light illumest all the radiant realm. all the Gods. To all-subduing splendour. Surya. 7 Traversing sky and wide mid-air. fain for wealth. give us food with kine. O Usas light to move. whom the Rsis of old time invoked for their protection and their help. And round about flock winged birds from all theboundaries of heaven. thou rich in spoil and wealth. Grant us great riches. . 14 Mighty One. Usas. 3 Bright Usas. strength meet for praist and hero might. 5 Thou goest to the hosts of Gods. HYMN L.Bring thou thereby the pious unto holy rites. being what thou art. HYMN XLIX. Hither all light to be belield. to plentiful refreshing food. thou metest with thy beams our days. 6 With that same eye of thine wherewith thou lookest brilliant Varuna. And. of all good things. 12 Bring from the firmament. fair of shape. Surya. the Kanvas. juice. Upon the busy race of men. Thee. to strength. wealth which light labour may attain. when thy times return. Illuming all the radiant realm. together with their beams. O Goddess. that all may look on him. vouchsafe us kine and steeds. fair in form.Therewith. sent in every shape. by auspicious ways: Let red steeds bear thee to the house of him who pours the Soma. 2 The constellations pass away. 1 E'EN from above the sky's bright realm come. aid men of noble fame today. 2 The chariot which thou mountest. Mighty One. that they may drink our Soma juice. as thou art. Usas. as thou with light to day hast opened the twin doors of heaven. 16 Bring us to wealth abundant. 15 Usas. 13 May Usas whose auspicious rays are seen resplendent round about. O Surya. those who as priests sing praise to thee. 1 HIS bright rays bear him up aloft. graciously answer our songs of praise with bounty and with brilliant light. all quadrupeds and bipeds stir. O Daughter of the Sky. 4 Swift and all beautiful art thou. thou comest hither to mankind. Before the all-beholding Sun' 3 His herald rays are seen afar refulgent o'er the world of men. the God who knoweth all that lives. O Usas. Dawn. O Usas. So grant thou us a dwelling wide and free from foes. like thieves.

ascending to the loftier heaven. 4 Thou hast unclosed the prisons of the waters. the sea of wealth. 8 Seven Bay Steeds harnessed to thy car bear thee. HYMN LI. thou hast in the mountain seized the treasure rich in gifts. encompassed round with might. Known is the thunderbolt that lies within thine arms: rend off therewith all manly prowess of our foe. On Vimada thou hast bestowed both food and wealth. thou. the daughters of the car. Surya remove my heart's disease. the light that is most excellent. Indra. 9 Surya hath yoked the pure bright Seven. 13 With all his conquering vigour this Aditya hath gone up on high. When thou hadst slain with might the dragon Vrtra. 7 All power and might is closely gathered up in thee. making thy bolt dance in the sacrificer's fight. 2 As aids the skilful Rbhus yearned to Indra strong to save.Sun. and helped Rjisvan when the Dasyus were struck dead. with the radiant hair. and made a way for Atri by a hundred doors. with these. thy bounteous spirit joys in drinking Soma juice. O thou farseeing One. Surya. take from me this my yellow hue. seeing all things that have birth. he goeth forth. didst raise the Sun in heaven for all to see. worthy of songs of praise. Thou. Whose gracious deeds for men spread like the heavens abroad: sing praise to him the Sage. Giving my foe into mine hand: let me not be my foeman's prey. hero-hearted. 8 Discern thou well Aryas and Dasyus. 3 Thou hast disclosed the kine's stall for the Angirases. punishing the lawless give them up to him whose grass is strewn. 5 With wondrous might thou blewest enchanter fiends away. 12 To parrots and to starlings let us give away my yellowness. Or this my yellowness let us transfer to Haritala trees. and -o'er Satakratu came the gladdening shout that urged him on to victory. Indra. . hast broken down Pipru's forts. God. to Atithigva gavest Sambara for a prey. 11 Rising this day. who fills mid-air. His own dear team. with powers celestial those who called on thee in jest. Indra. 6 Thou savedst Kutsa when Susna was smitten down. O rich in friends. 10 Looking upon the loftier light above the darkness we have come To Surya. E'en mighty Arbuda thou troddest under foot: thou from of old wast born to strike the Dasyus dead. Rushing in rapture. 1 MAKE glad with songs that Ram whom many men invoke. God among the Gods. most liberal for our good.

the Giver. Vrsanaiva's child: those deeds of thine must all be told at Soma feasts. praised among the Pajras. O Hero-souled. with skilled activity. thou didst give the youthful Vrcaya. HYMN LII. Indra. have carried thee to fame while thou art filled with power. lover of riches. firm as a doorpost. Soma-presser. 4 Whom those that flow in heaven on sacred grass. he. 13 To old Kaksivin. Indra alone is Lord of wealth. May we and all the heroes. O Indra. the self-resplendent. waxed in mighty strength. When Indra. verily strong and great. 9 Indra gives up the lawless to the pious man. 15 To him the Mighty One. 1 I GLORIFY that Ram who finds the light of heaven.-the Car which like a strong steed hasteth to the call. be. Vamra when glorified destroyed the gathered piles of the still waxing great one who would reach the heaven. wast Mena. joying in the draughts of Soma juice. most liberal giver. The Strong hath loosed his bolt with the swift rush of rain. with the princes. forced the clouds. With hymns may I turn hither Indra to mine aid. when thou art pleased with men whose Soma flows thou risest to unchallenged glory in the sky. 11 When Indra hath rejoiced with Kavya Usana. Thou. rooted in light. thousandfold protector. unremoved. 10 The might which Usana hath formed for thee with might rends in its greatness and with strength both worlds apart. skilled in song. in this fray. this praise is uttered. strengthened in rapture by the wise. 3 For he stays e'en the stayers.- . fill full like the sea. in thy keeping. destroying by the Strong Ones those who have no strength. 12 Thou mountest on thy car amid strong Soma draughts: Saryata brought thee those in which thou hast delight.Be thou the sacrificer's strong encourager all these thy deeds are my delight at festivals. and he hath rent in pieces Susna's firm-built forts. noblynatured. for he sates him with the juice. kine. he mounts his steeds who swerve wider and wider yet. slaying Vrtra stayer of their flow. whose hundred noblynatured ones go forth with him. chariots. O Indra. the steeds of Vata. 2 Like as a mountain on firm basis. yoked by thought. very wise. 14 The good man's refuge in his need is Indra. Indra. and horses. his own assistants. Indra with thought. spread o'er laden cloud. I call.

14 Whose amplitude the heaven and earth have not attained. as in wild joy he fought with him who stayed the rain. and men who dwell therein multiplied day by day. of a truth there is none other like thee. the mighty. made bold by Soma draughts. 7 The hymns which magnify thee. would be famed: it hath waxed vast as heaven in majesty and power. praise giving and effectual. thy thunderbolt In the wild joy of Soma had struck off with might the head of Vrtra. whose bounds the waters of mid-air have never reached. thy deadly bolt. Indra. thunder-armed. joyed in the light. invincible. and none else. forth shone thy warrior might: the rainobstructer lay in mid-air's lowest deep. 5 To him. When Indra's helpers fighting for the good of men. 13 Thou art the counterpart of earth. upon the limit of this mid-air and of heaven. Maghavan. 11 O Indra. 10 Then Heaven himself. O Indra. and forged thy thunderbolt of overpowering might. 6 Splendour encompassed thee. his helpers sped like swift streams down a slope. Indra. mighty. for help. when in joy he fights the stayer of the rain: thou. straight in form. the Master of lofty heaven with all its mighty Heroes: Thou hast filled all the region with thy greatness: yea. at that Dragon's roar reeled back in terror when. and settest in the heaven the Sun for all to see. and in thee all the Deities delighted. as Trta cleaveth Vala's fences. Indra. hast made all things in order due. 12 Thou. reach to thee even as water-brooks flow down and fill the lake. bold of heart. Thou heldst in thine arms the metal thunderbolt. thou didst cast thy thunder down upon the jaws of Vritra hard to be restrained. Still here thy conquering might. smotest the face of Vrtra. What time thou. with thy spiky weapon. cleft him through. When Indra. What time. tyrant of the earth and heaven. . 8 When. Hast made the earth to be the pattern of thy strength: embracing flood and light thou reachest to the sky. the Maruts. 9 In fear they raised the lofty self-resplendent hymn. 15 The Maruts sang thy praise in this encounter. faithful to mankind. Tvastar gave yet more force to thine appropriate strength.Not. causing floods to flow for man. were this earth extended forth tenfold. in thine own native might. thou whose power is linked with thy Bay Steeds hadst smitten Vrtra. leading up to heaven. Indra.Beside that Indra when he smote down Vrtra stood his helpers.

to thee . Friend of our friends. 6 These our libations strength-inspiring. who came in arms to fight with friendless Susravas. 4 Well pleased with these bright flames and with these Soma drops. Thou madest Kutsa. rich in steeds. thou hast destroyed the hundred forts of Vangrida. Parnaya. gladdened thee in the fight with Vrtra. take thou away our poverty with seeds and kine. with strength exceeding glorious. Gather therefrom. What time thou slewest for the singer with trimmed grass ten thousand Vrtras. slewest from far away the guileful Namuci. rich in mighty deeds. .as such we sing this praise. O Indra. not disappointing hope. 10 Thou hast protected Susravas with succour. Ayu. this treasure spread around is known to be thine own. the young. freed from their hate may we obtain abundant food. giver. Hero Lord. thou far-famed. 2 Giver of horses. With Indra scattering the Dasyu through these drops. and Turvayana with thine aid. Atithigva. 7 Thou goest on from fight to fight intrepidly. thou resistless in thy might. With sixty thousand nine-and-ninety followers. Thou. powerful. and bring to us: fail not the hope of him who loves and sings to thee. 8 Thou hast struck down in death Karanja. the strength of heroes. when Rjisvan compassed them with siege. of kine. Indra. enjoying through thy favour life long and joyful and with store of heroes. in Atithigva's very glorious going forth. hast overthrown the twice ten Kings of men. most splendid. O Indra. the mighty. Indra. giver of barley. 9 With all-outstripping chariot-wheel. subject unto this King. with thy friend who makes the foe bow down. destroying castle after castle here with strength. Thee we extol. I WE will present fair praise unto the Mighty One. O Indra. our hymns to Indra in Vivasvdn's dwelling-place. special source of cattle. thou. 3 Indra. plenteous wealth and food. Indra. 5 Let us obtain. For he hath ne'er found wealth in those who seem to sleep: those who give wealth to men accept no paltry praise. 11 May we protected by the Gods hereafter remain thy very prosperous friends. shining to the sky: May we obtain the Goddess Providence. Unyielding. O Conqueror. thou art Lord and guard of wealth: Man's helper from of old. Soma draughts.HYMN LIII. O Indra.

But Indra smote the rivers which the obstructer stayed. chief. Who shall have power to stay thee firm and eager-souled from doing still this day what thou of old hast done? 6 Thou helpest Narya. through their work. Turvasa. thou warredst with thy bolt. matchless is his wisdom. 10 There darkness stood. stone-pressed juices held in ladles. 4 The ridges of the lofty heaven thou madest shake. Quaff them and satisfy therewith thy longing. who offers free oblations and promotes the Law. When bold with gladdening juice. Indra. the vault that stayed the waters' flow: in Vrtra's hollow side the rain-cloud lay concealed. 8 His power is matchless. save our princes. Indra. Lord of power and might. thou forcest down on wind's head the stores which 8usga kept confined. Maghavan. a Bull exceeding strong in strength. sharp and twoedged. of thyself smotest through Sambara. 3 Sing forth to lofty Dyaus a strength-bestowing song. the Bold. 7 A hero-lord is he. who increase the lordly power. and Vayya's son Turviti. laud thou and magnify Indra who hearcth thee. be some who drink the Soma.HYMN LIV. Thou with fierce shout hast made the woods and rivers roar: did not men run in crowds together in their fear? 2 Sing hymns of praise to Sakra. . for none may comprehend the limit of thy strength. maketh him master of the heaven and earth. to this distressful fight. High glory hath the Asura. bliss-increasing glory give us great sway and strength that conquers people. 9 Therefore for thee are these abundant beakers Indra's drink. King of a mighty folk. then fix thy mind upon bestowing treasure. against the banded sorcerers. Satakratu! Thou helpest horse and car in final battle thou breakest down the nine-andninety castles. Preserve our wealthy patrons. down steep declivitics. a Car is he. compact of strength. Who with his daring might. Who with a bounteous guerdon welcomes hymns of praise: for him flows down the abundant stream below the sky. 5 When with a roar that fills the woods. and Yadu. daring. 11 So give us. drawn on by two Bay Steeds: a Bull. 1 URGE us not. vouchsafe us wealth and food with noble offspring. thou. the firm heroic strength of thee the Giver. Indra. whose resolute mind hath independent sway. flood following after flood. Those.

A friendly Bull is he. his might. 1 THOUGH e'en this heaven's wide space and earth have spread them out. 6 Though. he with great might destroys the dwellings made with art. set in the van.HYMN LV. yoked with Bay Horses. as Warrior from of old. best skilled to draw the rein. as a bull. Indra. be praised for might. To him the Lord of power. 3 Thou swayest. 3 Victorious. when he shows forth to men his own fair Indra-power. a Bull to be desired when Maghavan auspiciously sends forth his voice. the Strong One. Foremost among the Gods is he through hero might. O Indra. He bears him like a bull to drink of Soma juice. as to a hill. Those charioteers of' thine. Wherewith the iron one. 4 He only in the wood is praised by worshippers. the holy synod's might. so doth he receive the rivers spread on all sides in their ample width. O thou who hearest praise. great is he. his dart of death. what time he hurleth down his bolt. as those who seek gain go in company to the flood. as shines a mountain peak. and with strength increased on earth. he hath roused him. as't were. 8 Thou bearest in both hands treasure that never fails. he whets his thunderbolt for sharpness. he bids. all kinds of great manly power. 5 Yet verily the Warrior in his vigorous strength stirreth up with his might great battles for mankind. in manly battle shines. fettered . the respIendent One. let thy heart incline to give. 2 To him the guidance-following songs of praise flow full. the famed One in his body holds unvanquished might. He makes the lights of heaven shine forth secure. And men have faith in Indra. lead thee not astray. with speed. nor heaven nor earth may be in greatness Indra's match. fain for glory. the rapid sunbeams. in thy members many powers abide. I FOR this man's full libations held in ladles. Indra. bring thy Bays hitherward. exceeding wise. HYMN LVI. Indra. as a horse to meet the mare. the floods flow for his worshipper. causing woe to men. 2 Like as the watery ocean. so as to bend. for each arduous deed. He stays his golden car. like wells surrounded by the ministering priests. and will. 7 Drinker of Soma. and drinks the Soma juice which strengthens for great deeds. eager. fierce e'en against the strong. ascend the loving ones. Awful and very mighty. swift. in rapture. unstained with dust. Indra. even that famed mountain down.

with thy bolt hast shattered into pieces this broad massive cloud. like bright Dawn. to give them strength.wily Sushna fast in bonds. hast set the waters free. love thou this our hymn. Indra-power and light. waits upon Indra as the Sun attends the Dawn. to move with speed. thou smotest Vrtra dead and broughtest floods of rain. shatterer wrought of gold. 2 Now all this world. for worship. none else but thou receives our laud: as earth loves all her creatures. In the light-winning war. thou who art mighty also in the seats of earth. HYMN LVII. have been created. who hast thunder for thy weapon. gladdened by the juice. like bay steeds. didst fix. 3 To him the terrible. verily powerful and strong. Indra. hath become Vivasvan's messenger. Whose being. After thee lofty heaven hath measured out its strength: to thee and to thy power this earth hath bowed itself. O Indra. 2 Never decaying. Thou. I To him most liberal. seizing his appropriate food. 6 Thou. Thou hast sent down the obstructed floods that they may flow: thou hast. and broken Vrtra's stony fences through and through. lofty Lord of lofty wealth. I bring my hymn. excellently rich! are we who trusting in thy help draw near to thee. I NE'ER waxeth faint the Immortal. eagerly through the . shall come after thee-the offerer's libations like floods to the depth. upon the framework of the heaven. unremoved. the wish of this thy worshipper. Indra. yea. Indra.. rapidly. Agni. with joy and triumphing. he who with his might unflinching kills the gloom stirs up the dust aloft. 4 Thine. the thunderbolt of Indra. for renown.the holder-up of heaven. 6 Thou with thy might didst grasp. most meet for lofty praise. is spread abroad for all that live. Fulfil. in rapturous joy. On paths most excellent he measured out mid-air: he with oblation calls to service of the Gods. 5 When thou with might. now bring gifts with reverence in this rite. we are thine. since he. Son of Strength. as of waters down a slope. thine own for ever.Whose checkless bounty. Then. made more strong for help by thee. 5 Great is thy power. Lover of praise. the Herald. air's region firmly. When the well-loved one seems to rest upon the hill. across. praised by many. 4 When Strength the Goddess. HYMN LVIII. all victorious might. O Maghavan.

a refuge without a flaw this day to us thy praisers. 8 Grant. Agni. Agni. thou rich in friends. a God. as a man. so are their Son's praises. skilled. with forts of iron preserve thou from distress the man who lauds thee. messenger of all the Vasus. 5 With teeth of flame. changeless. sustaining men like a deepfounded pillar. to be a light unto the Arya. Thee. thou art the Sovran. Vaisvanara. 4 Urged by the wind be spreads through dry wood as he lists. come soon and early. the waters. O Agni. as an auspicious Friend to the Celestial Race. of the people. glistens like a horse: loud hath he roared and shouted like the heights of heaven? 3 Set high in place o'er all that Vasus. Of all the riches in the hills. Son of Strength. O Agni. a shelter. enriched with prayer. him whom the priests elect at solemn worship. is he the Herald. Agni. things moving quake before him as he flies. seated as High Priest. . Rudras do. Bounteous Lord. With bright strength roaming to the everlasting air: things fixed. Hastening like a car to men. Son of Strength. to act. Agni became the messenger of earth and heaven. beauteous. Lord of riches. as he is sprinkled. 4 As the great World-halves. the seven tongues' deftest Sacrificer. I ask for riches.dry wood he spreads. The Herald. among mankind. easy to invoke. May he. the herbs. like as a treasure. as a herald and choice-worthy guest. with a mighty roar. through the wood he speeds. in Agni. to the singer. wind-driven. 1 THE other fires are. treasures are in Vaisvanara. verily. thy branches. 2 The forehead of the sky. immortal. the Deities produced thee. triumphant like a bull among the herd of cows. 3 As in the Sun firm rays are set for ever. to those who worship. Centre art thou. Vaigvdnara. armed with his tongues for sickles. His back. Preserve the singer from distress. I serve with dainty food. earth's centre. with glittering waves! when like a bull thou rushest eager to the trees. 9 Be thou a refuge. to those who live. the God without delay gives boons to be desired. the Immortals all rejoice in thee. 6 The Bhrgus established thee among mankind for men. HYMN LIX. Bright One. Black is thy path. O Agni. 7 Agni.

5 As such we Gotamas with hymns extol thee. Thou art the King of lands where men are settled. the swift prizewinner. as the guardian Lord of riches. swift. the good Protector. O Jatavedas Vaisvanara. most manly One. and utter aloud my song. 2 Praise. praise-deserving. reach him whose tongue. HYMN LXI Indra. dwelling by his might with all men. Lord of the Household. excellent. have created. as a gift. Ordainer. 3 To him then with my lips mine adoration. the singers have decked their lauds with heart and mind and spirit. 1 EVEN to him. For Indra. is sweet as honey. hath many a youthful consort. my fair hymn to the Victor. winning heaven's light. like oblation. House-Lord. come soon and early. 7 Vaisvanara. Decking thee like a horse. truly mighty. holy mid the Bharadvajas. strong and high. heart-born. I present. adorable with men. Agni. 6 Now will I tell the greatness of the Hero whom Prarti's sons follow as Vrtra's slayer: Agni Vaisvanara struck down the Dasyu. HYMN LX. 2 Both Gods and men obey this Ruler's order. with hundred praises by Purunitha. men. the glorious Priest to Bhrgu. protector of the riches in the dwelling. the yearning Purifier hath among men been placed as Priest choice-worthy. 3 May our fair praise. son of Satavani. 5 Even the lofty heaven. most recent. the swiftly moving envoy. I bring my song of praise as dainty viands. who is Lord of old.Vaisvanara. O Agni. 4 Good to mankind. Banner of sacrifice. As Priest he takes his seat ere break of morning. Whom mortal priests. far-shining. hath not attained thy greatness. thou hast brought comfort to the Gods in battle. men who yearn and worship. most . cleave Sambara through and shattered down his fences. May Agni be our Friend. I As 'twere Some goodly treasure Matarisvan brought. exalted. May he. supplied with dainty viands. prayers offered most especially to Indra. with their strong endeavour. Gods who are worshipped. My thought to him resistless. e'en at his birth. Is lauded. enriched with prayer. celestial. child of two births.

he plundered. but One stronger transfixed the wild boar. waxed in his home. through his impetuous splendour. 11 The rivers played. to Indra. yea. as of an ox. the Dames. 13 Sing with new lauds his exploits wrought aforetime. combined. 10 Through his own strength Indra with bolt of thunder cut piece-meal Vrtra.Praises to him who gladly hears our praises. with a heart inclined to bounty. him who moveth swiftly. Indra. ever praising the protection of that dear Friend. 4 Even for him I frame a laud. Wherewith he reached the vital parts of Vrtra. through love of glory. destroyer of the castles. Rend thou his joints. allmoving. The dainty cates. at libations of his mother. Using his might and favouring him who worshipped. I offer. 8 To him. victorious. since with his bolt he compassed them on all sides. he made a ford. against this Vrtra cast thy bolt of thunder. that floods of rain may follow. To magnify with songs of invocation and with fair hymns the Lord. celestial. shooting through the mountain. dissevered. The mighty heaven and earth hath he encompassed: thy greatness heaven and earth. He let the floods go free. for Turviti. loudvoiced and strong for battle. the mighty with the striker. mid-air. striking-the vast. 7 As soon as. great Visnu had drunk up the draught. wove praises. for glory. Consorts of the Goda. when he slew the Dragon.excellent. gain quickly . self-resplendent. most deftly wrought. tremble for terror. exceed not. as fashions the wright a chariot for the man who needs it. with thine ample power. bounteous Giver. May Nodhas. approved by all men. for the battle. famed far and wide. 12 Vast. yea. and heaven. Set mountains and the whole heaven and earth. When. To reverence the Hero. my hymn. with eager movement. comes forth the firm. his magnitude surpasseth the magnitude of earth. the cooked mess. a hymn well-formed. 6 Even for him hath Tvastar forged the thunder. to wise Indra. 9 Yea. as 'twere a horse. with bolt oblique. of a truth. to please that Indra. 14 When he. drier up of waters. 5 So with my tongue I deck. too. like cows imprisoned. most bounteous Giver. hurling forth his weapons in the battle. the deeds of him. he with impetuous wrath lays low the foemen. he.

hast spread out the earths high ridges. the fairest marvel of the Wonder-Worker. 3 When Indra and the Angirases desired it. and roar. Indra. and firmly fixed the region under heaven. with the Navagvas. a chant with praise to him exceeding mighty. 8 Still born afresh. each in her manner. Sun. the Gotamas have brought their prayers to please thee. he parted of old the ancient Pair. hast thou. 15 Now unto him of these things hath been given what he who rules alone o'er much. 4 Mid shout. Night with her dark limbs. 9 Rich in good actions. 2 Unto the great bring ye great adoration. 5 Praised by Angirases. rays. 1. Brhaspati cleft the mountain. decked with all beauty. electeth. Thou Indra. singing praises and knowing well the places. united ever. he made four rivers flow full with waves that carry down sweet water. the Son with might maintains his perfect friendship. storest the ripe milk glossy . Through whom our sires. Soma-presser. found the cattle. Indra hath helped Etasa. black of hue or ruddy. with thunder rent obstructive Vala. Dawn with limbs of splendour. heavenly. skilled in operation. unlike in hue. young Dames. May he. Sakra. Angirases. with Dasagvas. dispellcd the darkness. loud shout. thou. Bestow upon them thought. Indra. seven singers. 16 Thus to thee. 6 This is the deed most worthy of all honour. he the doer of marvels set both Dames and earth and heaven. with speeders. 7 Unwearied. the Pair in alternation Round heaven and earth from ancient time have travelled. Indra. found the cattle: the heroes shouted with the kine in triumph. contending in the race of steeds with Sarya. LIKE Angiras a gladdening laud we ponder to him who loveth song.strength heroic. with the Dawn. come soon and early. Thou in the raw cows. nigh where heaven bends down. enriched with prayer. Let us sing glory to the far-famed Hero who must be praised with fair hymns by the singer. In highest sky like Bhaga. That. exceeding mighty. foe-destroyer. Sarama found provision for her offipring. Thou hast. yoker of Bay Coursers. HYMN LXII. hast. rent the mountain. won with lauding hymns.

and art not harmed. as a friend. This aid of thine. O Indra. great-souled. O Much-invoked. heroic. enriched with prayer. wise. they with great might preserve the immortal statutes. Thundcrer. O Indra. For many thousand holy works the Sisters wait on the haughty Lord like wives and matrons. -strong in act. Thunder-armed I breakest down the seven castles. for young and glorious Kutsa. e'en in the anger of the strongest mortal. with power thou tcrrifiedst earth and heaven When. O Mighty. by his side. slay. in the lightbestowing conflict. O Indra. 11 Thoughts ancient. 10 Their paths. in their fear of thee. seeking wealth. come soon and early. Indra. all firm-set mountains and monstrous creatures shook like dust before thee. Sure leader. thou art the Rbhus' Lord. with easy conquest didst rend the Dasyus in their distant dwelling. O Indra. so cleave our hymns to thee. Thunderarmed 1 our foemen. HYMN LXIII. 12 Strong God. Thou. with steed and car in battle slewest Susna. thou furtheredst. 13 O mighty Indra. when born.white in colour. 5 This doest thou. of old connected. victor. May he. As yearning wives cleave to their yearning husband. Indra. O Lord of Power. these thou defiest. 4 That. O Indra. rest uninjured. in will resistless. 7 Warring for Purukutsa thou. 6 Hence men invoke thee. 3 Faithful art thou. in the tumult of battle. was ever to be implored in deeds of might in combat. O Lord most potent. unbending:strengthen us with might. . 1. thou crushedst Vrtra. When. yoker of the Tawny Coursers. with adoration. O Godlike One. thou. 2 When thy two wandering Bays thou drawest hither. THOU art the Mighty One. Lay thou the race-course open for our horses: as with a club. thy praiser laid within thine arms the thunder. Gotama's son Nodhas hath fashioned this new prayer to thee Eternal. the riches which thy hands have holden from days of old have perished not nor wasted. Hero. Wherewith. Indra. thou smitest foemen down and many a castle. when. Splendid art thou. with newest lauds have sped to thee.

selfstrong like mountains. divine. Bring us in noble shape abundant riches. HYMN LXIV. and ever wandering round fill the earth full with milk. May he. O Indra. 7 Mighty. even as mountains. with serpents' ire through strength. 3 Young Rudras. broughtest gain to Puru. the lofty Ones. wise and majestical. BRING for the manly host. with serpents' fury through their might. Stirring the darkness with lances and spotted deer. The purifiers. irresistible. both of earth and heaven. for Sudis.Easily. they make the lightnings with their powers. are beauteous as antelopes. 9 Heroes who march in companies. Like the wild elephants ye eat the forests up when ye assume your strength among the bright red flames. as 'twere. awful of form like giants. thou bestowest vigour itself to flow to us for ever. King. God who movest round about us. addressed to thee. O Hero. with laud for thy Bay Horses. all-possessing. they make the winds. they. even the very strongest. 5 Loud roarers. 4 With glittering ornaments they deck them forth for show. like grass didst rend them. feed us with varied food plenteous as waterFood wherewithal. 6 The bounteous Maruts with the fatness dropping milk fill full the waters which avail in solenm rites. O Nodhas. I deck my songs as one deft-handed. come soon and early. for the Maruts bring thou a pure gift. Maruts. 2 They spring to birth. wise in mind prepares the water that hath power in solemn rites. of themselves. They lead. ye greet the earth and heaven. and out of need. the Men of Heaven. ye glide swiftly on your way. 8 O Indra. The restless shakers drain the udders of the sky. . the never-failing spring. they have waxed. devourers of the foe. 1. never growing old. They make all beings tremble with their mighty strength. that it may rain: they milk the thundering. 9 Prayers have been made by Gotamas. combined as priests. befriending man. shining brightly even as suns. scattering rain-drops down. enriched with prayer. the Bulls of Heaven. the youths of Rudra. the Strong Horse forth. for beauty on their breasts they bind their chains of gold. 8 Exceeding wise they roar like lions mightily. they were born together. The lances on their shoulders pound to pieces. giving strength. with wondrous power and marvellously bright. demon-slayers. free from spot and stain.

the Maruts with bright lances make all things to reel. 14 O Maruts. Praiseworthy. ever increasing? May he. there nigh to thee sate all the Holy Ones. born nobly in the womb. he winneth honourable strength and prospereth. defying onslaught. son and progeny. O ye Maruts. armed with strong men's rings. 15 Will ye then. urged by wind. grant us riches. durable. The waters feed with praise the growing Babe. 12 The progeny of Rudra we invoke with prayer. there was a gathering vast as heaven itself. upon the cars stands lightning visible as light. O Maruts. 5 Like a swan sitting in the floods he pants wisest in mind mid men he wakes at morn. Like a steed urged to run in swift career. the man whom ye have guarded with your help. they o'erthrow the firm. A hundred. come soon and early. unwearied. 13 Maruts. Agni. brilliant. endowed with mighty vigour. he verily in strength surpasseth all mankind.Upon the seats. of your chariots. 1 ONE-MINDED. the worshipful. he cats the woods as a King eats the rich. who may check his course? 4 Kin as a brother to his sister floods. Self-moving. he spreads. enriched with prayer. Heroes. the archers. wise. the brisk. HYMN LXV. rich in men. like some wide dwelling place. like a fruit-bearing hill. vigorous. the chasers of the sky. 2 The Gods approached the ways of holy Law. 11 They who with golden fellies make the rain increase drive forward the big clouds like wanderers on the way. verily Agni shears the hair of earth. thousandfold. the seat of Law. . Spoil with his steeds he gaineth. 10 Lords of all riches. When through the forest. singers loud of voice. they tracked thee like a thief lurking in dark cave with a stolen cow: Thee claiming worship. known to all men. bringing wealth. the bright. May we foster well. brisk. bearing it to Gods -. a wholesome stream. treasure with his men. dwelling in the home of wealth. they have laid the arrow on their arms. to the worshippers give glorious strength invincible in battle. impetuous. 3 Like grateful food. during a hundred winters. rushing like Sindhu. of powers infinite. the active Ones To the strong band of Maruts cleave for happiness.

whitish mid the folk. full of thought. Like a swift bird. he grew like some young creature. 5 To him lead all your ways: may we attain the kindled God as cows their home at eve. like ripened corn. like a car. in the waters' home. gold-decked. pure and refulgent to the wood he speeds. crouched in the cavern. 1. like eternal might. HYMN LXVII. 3 He. holds the broad earth up. Bright when he shines forth. paying sacred rites. life of all. caring for each one like a dame at home.-for him have sages built as 'twere a seat. blessing like mental power. O Agni. and hath approached the stream of holy Law. 2 He offers safety like a pleasant home. 3 With flame insatiate. the maidens' lover and the matrons' Lord. Agni. thundering to the fight. and with effective utterance fixed the sky. 4 He strikes with terror like a dart shot forth. . Men filled with understanding find him there. guard the spots which cattle love: thou. mighty. offeringbearer. famed among the folk. Like a Seer lauding. hast gone from lair to lair. life of all men. LIKE the Sun's glance. when they have sting prayers formed within their heart. like one's own son. the Conqueror of men. VICTORIOUS in the wood. HYMN LXVI. ever he claims obedience as a King. He drives the flames below as floods their swell: the rays rise up to the fair place of heaven. 2 He. Master of present and of future life. a cow who yields her milk. struck the Gods with fear. Priest was he. 4 Whoso hath known him dwelling in his lair. within each fruitful mother and each babe she bears. like the Unborn. like breath which is the life. shining far. e'en like an archer's arrow tipped with flame. Agni. 1. Wise. Gracious like peace. 5 He who grows mightily in herbs. -truly to such doth he announce great wealth. sprung from Law. bearing in his hand all manly might. like wealth of varied sort. like a steed friendly he vouchsafes us power. Friend among men.They who release him.A Sage like Soma.

Agni. 3 Strong is the thought of Law. spreading light. O God. 4 None breaks these holy laws of thine when thou hast granted audience to these chieftains here. 2 All men are joyful in thy power. 1. win much food by prayer. and are not disappointed in their hope. the Sage. 2 Agni. like a strong steed. the Law's behest. may he remember me. 1. restless. MAY we. rich in food. 4 Seated as Priest with Manu's progeny. Agni. the sweet taste of food. splendid. who discerns like the cow's udder. vouchsafe thou wealth. the pious. may Agni then gain all through Godlike power. well-known as hued like morn. unbar the doors: they all ascend to the fair place of heaven. to him. and joined with heroes dravest off disgrace. that living from the dry wood thou art born. bethinking thee. Whoso will bring oblation. he bath filled the two joined worlds as with the light of heaven. This is thy boast. They. he quickens all. of all these treasures he alone is Lord. he bears on the folk. Like a bliss-giver to be drawn to men. Men yearn for children to prolong their line. may Agni with fair light . bearing of themselves. he ascends the sky.HYMN LXVIII. ness among all these other Gods. HYMN LXIX. in their accustomed ways. All truly share thy Godhead while they keep. HYMN LXX. sits gracious in the middle of the house. call. unveiling nights and all that stands or moves. Agni. eternal Law. He. bath decked heaven's vault with stars. 3 Born in the dwelling like a lovely son. 5 Like the Dawn's lover. 5 Eagerly they who hear his word fulfil his wish as sons obey their sire's behest. the House-Friend. When born. like Dawn's lover. unbars his wealth like doors: he. and yet their Son wast thou. As he the sole God is preeminent in great. What time the men and I. COMMINGLING. all works have they performed. 1. pleased. the humble. BRIGHT. gifts to thee. with might thou hast encompassed them: Father of Gods. with heroes. thou smotest with thy peers.

germ of all things that move not and that move. germ of woods. beams of morning. even. all things that move and stand. day's sign. as 'twere. 5 Thou settest value on our cows and woods: all shall bring tribute to us to the light. men have served thee in many and sundry spots. born in Law. 6 Whoso. dark. the sisters of one home have urged him forward. Agni. they found us day. 4 Since Matarisvan. whom. as the cows love morning. LOVING the loving One. and he in every house grown bright and noble. an aged father's wealth. light. yea. unlike.pervade each act. the Angirases. he cares for all mankind. with roar. make strong. as wives their husband. Herald who sits in light. and redly beaming. then parting them among the longing faithful. Bhrgu-like I hath gone as his companion. or brings the worship which thou lovest daily. bath flames for thee within his dwelling. breaking forth to view. and of the race of mortal man. made his service fruitful. 3 They stablished order. 1. while with sweet food the race of Gods they strengthen. bath stirred him. HYMN LXXI. 2 He who is germ of waters. Do thou of double might increase his substance: may he whom thou incitest . 3 Agni is Lord of riches for the man who serves him readily with sacred songs. 4 Whom many dawns and nights. 2 Our sires with lauds burst e'en the firmset fortress. They made for us a way to reach high heaven. parting. the mighty Father. far-diffused.He bath been won. they come. he knew and freed himself from close embracement. knowing the races both of Gods and men. 6 Like a brave archer.To him even in the rock and in the house: Immortal One. the mountain. so he shines in fight.He the observer of the heavenly laws of Gods. as on commission to a greater Sovran. making effectual all our holy works. 5 When man poured juice to Heaven. Bright-coloured. The archer boldly shot at him his arrow. and the God threw his splendour on his Daughter. Not thirsting after aught. like one skilled and bold. He. a fierce avenger. Protect these beings thou with careful thought. most active.

THOUGH holding many gifts for men. 5 Nigh they approached. . devoted. served thee the very pure three autumn seasons. 8 When light bath filled the Lord of men for increase. 6 Soon as the holy beings had discovered the thrice-seven mystic things contained within thee. following his track. Old age. one-minded. HYMN LXXII. impairs the body: before that evil be come nigh protect me. knower of men's works. the holy Ones revealed the powers of Rudra. Therefore they won them holy names for worship. Agni. Agni. one-minded. break not our ancestral friendship. he humbleth the higher powers of each wise ordainer. discerning in the distance. Agni bath brought to light and filled with spirit the youthful host blameless and well providing. thou who knowest. The Kings with fair hands. 4 Making them known to spacious earth and heaven.meet with riches. alone is ever Lord of riches. like gathering cloud. 9 He who like thought goes swiftly on his journey. kneeling to him adorable paid worship. Friend finding in his own friend's eye protection. The mortal band. Varuna and Mitra. found Agni standing in the loftiest station. with their spouses. the Sun. 7 All sacrificial viands wait on Agni as the Seven mighty Rivers seek the ocean. the dear Babe who still is round about us. protect the precious nectar in our cattle. 1. they preserve the Amrta: guard thou the life of all their plants and cattle. 7 Thou. Agni is now the treasure-lord of treasures. they reached the lovely highest home of Agni.. With these. hast sent us good food in constant course for our subsistence: Thou deeply skilled in paths of Gods becamest an envoy never wearied. and nobly born they dignified their bodies. for ever granting all immortal bounties. Not by our brethren was our food discovered: find with the Gods care for us. Sage as thou art. 2 The Gods infallible all searching found not him. endowed with deepest knowledge. Agni. Worn weary. they made their own the bodies which they chastened. 10 O Agni. 3 Because with holy oil the pure Ones. straight from the heaven descends the limpid moisture.

they gave to him the gift of beauteous glory. 7 Agni. glorified by many. Loved like a guest who lies in pleasant lodging. all acts of vigour. O Agni. Truthful. such. discerned the doors of riches. Sarama found the cattle's firm-built prison whereby the race of man is still supported. Aditi. as Priest. 9 They who approached all noble operations making a path that leads to life immortal. 5 May thy rich worshippers win food. Like heroes who preside.offeringbearer. have swelled with laden udders. the holy Ones have gained glory in heaven. soliciting thy favour. 6 The cows of holy law. like splendourr. They made the Night and Dawn of different colours. sent us by Heaven. the seven strong floods from heaven. 8 May we and those who worship be the mortals whom thou. and princes gain long life who bring oblation. 3 He who on earth dwells like a king surrounded by faithful friends. like patrimonial riches and guides aright like some wise man's instruction.-may he. in settlements secure. and set the black and purple hues together. like breath joy-giving. true-minded protecteth with his power.-all must strive to win him. 2 He who like Savitar the God. O Agni. with thee. our men serve ever kindled in each dwelling. May we get booty from jur foe in battle. HYMN LXXIII. from a distance the rivers to the rock have flowed together. leadest on to riches. 8 Knowing the Law. Thou hast filled earth and heaven and air's mid-region. who sit in safety: like as a blameless dame dear to her husband. O Agni. HE who gives food. prosper his servant's dwelling. To be the Bird's support. bearer be he of riches. O Agni. full of good thought. Soliciting his favour. the spacious mother. Agni. and followest the . loudly lowing. like a God all-sustaining. Now they flow forth like rivers set in motion: they knew the Red Steeds coming down. 10 When Gods immortal made both eyes of heaven. and her great Sons stood in power. 4 Thee. I. On him have they laid splendour in abundance: dear to all men. presenting to the Gods their share for glory.

much-availing prayer. 5 Him. 3 And let men say. be pleasant to thee in thy heart and spirit. These offered gifts. Ordainer. 2 Now. Agni. May we have power to hold thy steeds of riches. heroic. Agni. Bring them. 5 Bring to us Mitra. he Who winneth wealth in every fight. Agni. Agni. in carnage. Agni. 1. A Friend whom friends may supplicate. a hymn to a hymn let us say. Agni. Pouring our offerings in thy mouth. 6 Hitherward shalt thou bring these Gods to our laudation and to taste.whole world like a shadow. thou Son of Strength. laying on thee the God-sent gift of glory. Who hears us even when afar. to him who offers gifts. His offerings. O Agni. strong. food most delightful to the Gods. HYMN LXXV. Agni? What hymn of praise shall bring us greatest blessing? Or who hath gained thy power by sacrifices? or with what mind shall we . 7 When. high. the ofterer forward steps. and his sacred grass. when the people gathered. will we say to thee. from of old. HYMN LXXVI. is thy kin. all men call happy in his God. of men? who is thy worthy worshipper? On whom dependent? who art thou? 4 The kinsman. e'en he who slayeth Vrtra. to thine home. ACCEPT our loudest-sounding hymn. fair-shining One. Angiras. bring the Gods to mighty sacrifice. Agni is born. on thine embassage thou goest not a sound is heard of steed or straining of thy car. 9 And splendid strength. their well beloved Friend art thou. 3 Who. heroes with heroes. hath preserved His household for the worshipper. 9 Aided by thee. 2 Who. goes he forth: Agni. of mankind. O Agni. 1. Agni. may we conquer steeds with steeds. Lords of the wealth transmitted by our fathers: and may our princes live a hundred winters. O wisest and best Afigiras. As forth to sacrifice we go. Varuna. Thou God. Agni. men with men. How may the mind draw nigh to please thee. thou grantest from the Gods. Our precious. 1. 8 Aided by thee uninjured. HYMN LXXIV. 10 May these our hymns of praise. And strengthenest his sacrifice. one after other. 4 Him in whose house an envoy thou lovest to taste his offered gifts. Agni.

May he augment in them splendour and vigour: observant. 1. sit thee down as Hotar. How shall we pay oblation unto Agni? What hymn. The pious Aryan tribes at sacrifices address them first to him who doeth marvels. stir our thoughts with vigour. as thou art. friend-. 3 For he is mental power. 1. 2 Thee. like Angiras we call on thee best winner of the spoil: . O JATAVEDAS. a man. mid men a herald. of the wondrous. Here with the Gods be seated.like. as he lists. Agni. O Agni. manliest Hero. knows them full well and worships them in spirit. Bring hither with his Bays the Lord of Soma: here is glad welcome for the Bounteous Giver. be thou who never wast deceived our leader. foe-destroyer. when he seeks the Gods for mortals. true to Order.bring thee oblations? 2 Come hither. 3 Burn thou up all the Riksasas. HYMN LXXVII. he gathers increase. he is the bringer. urged by their riches. is said to him refulgent? Who. true to Law. Thine is the task of Cleanser and Presenter: waken us. May Heaven and Earth. ward thou off curses from our sacrifices. Agni. Agni. Godloved. a Sage with sages. love thee: worship the Gods to win for us their favour. Wealth-bestower and Producer. and perfect. accept with love our hymns and our devotion. 4 Thou Priest with lip and voice that bring us children hast been invoked. deathless. HYMN LXXVIII. bringeth the Gods as best of sacrificers? 2 Bring him with reverence hither. 5 As with oblations of the priestly Manus thou worshippedst the Gods. O truthfullest Invoker Agni. keen and swift. 4 May Agni. 5 Thus Agni Jatavedas. most propitious in sacrifices. the all-pervading. the herald. hath by the priestly Gotamas been lauded. So may the liberal lords whose strength is strongest. worship this day with joy-bestowing ladle. 3 As such. For Agni. we Gotamas with sacred song exalt thee for thy glories' sake. true to Law. So now. desiring wealth Gotama worships with his song: We laud thee for thy glories' sake.

hath gladdened thee. like honourable dames. 12 Keen and swift Agni. Parijman fill the hide full where lies the nether press-stone. 8 Bring to us ever-conquering wealth. like the rushing tempest: Purely refulgent.We laud thee for thy glories' sake. worthy of our choice. thou of many forms. have sung: We laud thee for thy glories' sake. favour us. sons of Rahugana. 10 O Gotama. high renown. Burn. With drops that bless and seem to smile he cometh: the waters fall. 4 O Agni. thou whose teeth are sharp. a raging serpent. Indra. ing. O Agni. Agni. That in thy strength. 6 O Agni. O Jatavetlas. 4 Thee. 7 Adorable in all our rites. thousand-eyed. THUS in the Soma. true. when the black Bull hath bellowed round about us. lauding thine own imperial sway. lauding thine own imperial sway. 2 The mighty flowing Soma-draught. wealth. Varuna. . active workers. chaseth the Raksasas afar: He singeth. 5 A pleasant song to Agni we. must be exalted in our song: Shine. 1. shining of thyself by night and when the morning breaks. Thy favour so that we may live. 1. conducting by directest paths of Order Aryaman. In all our frays invincible. shine radiantly on us. HE in mid-air's expanse hath golden tresses. kindled. through thy grace wealth that supporteth all our life. desiring bliss present thy songs composed with care To Agni of the pointed flames. in wild joy the Brahman hath exalted thee: Thou. HYMN LXXX. herald meet for lauds. Vouchsafe to us. O Thunderer. 3 When he comes streaming with the milk of worship.aid. against the Raksasas. good and wise. hast driven by force he Dragon from the earth. When the great hymn is chanted forth. thou hast struck down Vrtra from the floods. Agni. 11 May the man fall. who near or afar assaileth us: Do thou increase and prosper us. O Agni. brought by the Hawk. the clouds utter their thunder. 2 Thy well-winged flashes strengthen in their manner. HYMN LXXIX. Mitra. Agni. 9 Give us. Agni. thee who shakest off our Dasyu foes: We laud thee for thy glories' sake. thou who art the lord of wealth in kine. 5 He. thou Son of Strength. knowing well the morn. best of Vrtra-slayers. mightiest It thunder-armed. with thine.

O Thunder-armed. insight. 14 When at thy shout. the Vrtra slayer. 10 Indra hath smitten down the power of Vrtra. make the waters thine. to Indra hath the prayer been raised. even this great Pair of Worlds trembled in terror at thy wrath. each thing both fixed and moving shook. Smote fierce on trembling Vrtra's back. lauding thine own imperial sway. And. is thy hero might. from the sky. power and might. lauding thine own imperial sway. Indra. Caster of the Stone. 15 There is not. 9 Laud him a thousand all at once. HYMN LXXXI. Manliness. 12 But Vrtra scared not Indra with his shaking or his thunder roar. THE men have lifted Indra up. Indra. he slew Vrtra and let loose the floods. while rejoicing in the juice. smotest him. and loosed the waters free to run. fain to slay the Dragon. unconquered might is thine. in our knowledge. 13 Whenwith the thunder thou didst make thy dart and Vrtra meet in war. seeketh prosperity for friends. 1. lauding thine own imperial sway. is thy might: stay Vrtra. E'en Tvastar trembled at thy wrath and quaked with fear because of thee. lauding thine own imperial sway. 7 Indra. Thunderer. thy bolt of thunder is not checked. Thy might. meet the foe. one who passeth Indra in his strength: In him the Deities have stored manliness. shout twenty forth the hymn of praise. lauding thine own imperial sway. Dadhyach performed. lauding his own imperial sway. 11 Yea. 5 The wrathful Indra with his bolt of thunder rushing on the foe. their prayer and praise united in that Indra meet. 4 Thou smotest Vrtra from the earth. lauding his own imperial sway. whatever rite Atharvan. 8 Far over ninety spacious floods thy thunderbolts were cast abroad: Great. lauding thine own imperial sway. lauding his own imperial sway. 6 With hundred-jointed thunderbolt Indra hath struck him on the back. was set firm in heaven. lauding his own imperial sway.-might with stronger might. Manus sire of all. lauding his own imperial sway. O Indra. Indra. 16 Still as of old. and strength is seated in thine arms. to joy and strength: . lauding thine own imperial sway.3 Go forward. Hundreds have sung aloud to him. Let these life-fostering waters flow attended by the Marut host. Marut-girt. For thou with thy surpassing power smotest to death the guileful beast. Thunderer. lauding his own imperial sway. When. thou slewest Vrtra in thy strength. lauding his own imperial sway. On him that iron thunderbolt fell fiercely with its thousand points. Indra. Indra. This was his manly exploit. be bold.

O Indra. thou givest the offerer ample wealth. Sharpen thou us. at each time of rapture gives us herds of kine. now. Lord of Hundred Powers. 5 Let. Discover thou. 6 With holy prayer I yoke thy long-maned pair of Bays: come hitherward. booty is laid before the bold. Strengthening e'en the feeble. 8 Refresh thee. Indra. Indra. Gather in both thy hands for us treasures of many hundred sorts. May Indra lend his aid to us. Thou hast waxed mighty over all. Thus praised. . none. 2 Thou. 6 May he who to the offerer gives the foeman's man-sustaining food. thy Steeds be harnessed on the right and left. As thou hast made us full of joy and lettest us solicit thee. Who thinks upon the well-filled bowl. verily. Lord of Bay Steeds. as he lists. thou art giver of abundant spoil. will be born like thee. Whom wilt thou slay and whom enrich? Do thou. strong-jawed. GRACIOUSLY listen to our songs. Now. 4 Mighty through wisdom. HYMN LXXXII. Indra. Deal forth -abundant is thy wealth-that in thy bounty 1 may share. None like thee ever hath been born. keep for thee all that is worthy of thy choice.Him. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. Hero. praised thee with their latest hymn. Indra. terrible. to thee have sent our hearts' desires: be therefore our Protector thou. make us rich. 9 These people. he in joined hands for glory's sake hath grasped his iron thunderbolt. he hath waxed in strength. we invocate in battles whether great or small: be he our aid in deeds of might. with the juice outpoured for bounty and for strength. Hero. The sages luminous in themselves have. 1. 2 Well have they eaten and rejoiced. Therewith in rapture of the juice. the friends have risen and passed away. Indra. Yoke thou thy wildly-rushing Bays. righteous-hearted. We know thee Lord of ample store. we will reverence thee who art so fair to look upon. Now. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. according to our wish come now with richly laden car. draw near to thy beloved Spouse. 4 He will in very truth ascend the powerful car that finds the kine. as Lord. sublime. Indra. 3 When war and battles are on foot. the wealth of men who offer up no gifts: bring thou to us this wealth of theirs. Now. the Tawny Coursers' harnesser. art a warrior. Maghavan. Indra. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. and bring us wealth. be not negligent. Indra. 5 He filled the earthly atmosphere and pressed against the lights in heaven. 7 He. 3 Maghavan. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. Now. thou aidest the sacrificer.

Indra. man and wife. whose fires were kindled through good deeds and sacrifice. mightiest. Usana Kavya straightway hither drove the kine. with its voice. INDRA. sprang up the loving Sun. drink. hast rejoiced with Pusan and thy Spouse. 2 The heavenly Waters come not nigh the priestly bowl: they but look down and see how far mid-air is spread: The Deities conduct the pious man to them: like suitors they delight in him who loveth prayer. 6 When. thou dost yoke thy Steeds. The stirring draughts of juice outpoured have made thee glad: thou. 2 His pair of Tawny Coursers bring Indra of unresisted might Hither to Rsis' songs of praise and sacrifice performed by men. say to him your solemn eulogies. and the wealth in horses and in kine. there is no better charioteer: None hath surpassed thee in thy might. The drops poured forth have made him glad: pay reverence to his might supreme. Let us with offerings honour Yama's deathless birth. With amplest wealth thou fillest him. guardian of the Law. excellent. HYMN LXXXIII. come.thou holdest them in both thy hands. 3 Slayer of Vrtra. 6 When sacred grass is trimmed to aid the auspicious work. 5 Atharvan first by sacrifices laid the paths then. Where the stone rings as'twere a singer skilled in laud. or the hymn makes its voice of praise sound to the sky. 3 Praiseworthy blessing hast thou laid upon the pair who with uplifted ladle serve thee. . bold One. the cattle. 1. The men together found the Pani's hoarded wealth. Thunderer. thy Bay Steeds have been yoked by prayer. as the Sun fills mid-air with rays. 4 First the Angirases won themselves vital power. HYMN LXXXIV. 5 Sing glory now to Indra. the pressing-stone draw thine attention hitherward. 1. gladdening. Indra. as round about the waters clearly seen afar fill Sindhu full. Unchecked he dwells and prospers in thy law: thy power brings blessing to the sacrificer pouring gifts. May Indra-vigour fill thee full. mount thy car. Indra. O Indra. May. The Soma hath been pressed for thee. Streams of the bright have flowed to thee here at the seat of holy Law. 4 This poured libation. --Indra in truth delights when these come near to him. the mortal man well guarded by thine aid goes foremost in the wealth of horses and of kine. Indra. none with good steeds o'ertaken thee. immortal.

good Lord. there is no comforter but thou: Indra. 14 He. wealth and person. let not thy saving help fail us. found At Suryanavan what he sought. 17 Who fleeth forth? who suffereth? who feareth? Who knoweth Indra present. They follow close his many laws to win them due preeminence. Indra. The ruler of resistless power.Verily Indra gains thereby tremendous might. With shaft-armed mouths. like a weed. the bright cows drink. HYMN LXXXV. 15 Then verily they recognized the essential form of Tvastar's Bull. The milch-kine dear to Indra send forth his death-dealing thunderbolt. Maruts. on their way. passing wise. health-bestowing? Long shall he live who richly pays their service. thou lover of mankind. will Indra hear our songs of praise? 9 He who with Soma juice prepared amid the many honours thee. honouring his victorious might. resistless in attack. good in their own supremacy. is Indra. heart-piercing. 10 The juice of Soma thus diffused. I speak my words to thee. Who for the sake of splendour close to mighty Indra's side rejoice. 11 Craving his touch the dappled kine mingle the Soma with their milk. good in their own supremacy. searching for the horse's head. And measure out to us. and the People? 18 Who with poured oil and offering honours Agni. Indra near us? Who sendeth benediction on his offspring. doers of mighty deeds. the man who hath no gift for him? When.7 He who alone bestoweth on mortal man who offereth gifts. verily. at any time. sure. all riches hitherward from men. Struck nine-and-ninety Vrtras dead. 16 Who yokes to-day unto the pole of Order the strong and passionate steers of checkless spirit. knows him thoroughly? 19 Thou as a God. with ladle worships at appointed seasons? To whom to the Gods bring oblation quickly? What offerer. sweet to the taste. THEY who are glancing forth. his household. good in their own supremacy. 20 Let not thy bounteous gifts. 8 When will he trample. Rudra's Sons. Here in the mansion of the Moon. O Mightiest. The Maruts have made heaven and earth increase and grow: in sacrifices . like women. God-favoured. 13 With bones of Dadhyac for his arms. swift racers. O Maghavan. 1. 12 With veneration. verily blessest mortal man. removed among the mountains.

Indra received it to perform heroic deeds. and. the earth with water-floods. like combatants fameseeking have they striven in war.they delight. stepped to the firmament and made their dwelling wide. and poured the fountain forth for thirsting Gotama. a wide scat hath been made for you: delight yourselves. terrible to behold. and clove the cloud in twain though it was passing strong. and forced the flood of water forth. 9 When Tyastar deft of hand had turned the thunderbolt. 4 When. Give us. in the wild joy of Soma wrought their glorious deeds. fatness floweth down. Forth rush the torrents of the dark red stormy cloud. the Maruts sate like birds on their dear holy grass. 7 Strong in their native strength to greatness have they grown. 12 The shelters which ye have for him who lauds you. with thousand edges. and on their fair limbs lay their golden ornaments. mighty Warriors. 10 They with their vigorous strength pushed the well up on high. had harnessed to your cars the thought-fleet spotted deer. 6 Let your swift-gliding coursers bear you hitherward with their fleet pinions. ye who glitter with your spears. bounteous Givers. When. O Heroes. in the pleasant food. Vrtra he slew. 5 When ye have harnessed to your cars the spotted deer. Before the Maruts every creature is afraid: the men are like to Kings. 8 In sooth like heroes fain for fight they rush about. O ye Maruts. O Maruts. Extend the same boons unto us. following their traces. and moisten. o'erthrowing with your strength e'en what is ne'er o'erthrown. like a skin. wealth with noble offipring. the Rudras have established their abode in heaven. they have put glory on. bestow them threefold on the man who offers. sending forth their voice. they shine in bright attire. Singing their song of praise and generating might. Children of the Cow. ye the host that send the rain. Shining with varied light they come to him with help: they with their might fulfilled the longing of the sage. When Visnu saved the Soma bringing wild delight. O Maruts. Come ye forward with your arms. the strong and wild. 11 They drave the cloud transverse directed hitherward. ye Maruts. golden. 3 When. fashioned more skilfully. urging the thunderbolt. . to the fray. 2 Grown to their perfect strength greatness have they attained. The Maruts. They drive away each adversary from their path. Sit on the grass. the Sons whom Prani bare.

immovable. shouting. 7 Fortunate shall that mortal be. giants of the sky. O Maruts most adorable. then only they obtained their sacrificial names. 9 O ye of true strength. 3 Earth at their racings trembles as if weak and worn. shakers of all. They. like the heavens with stars. listen to the call. loudly roaring. When. Whose offerings ye bear away. when we behold the Soma. themselves admire their mightiness. active. wilt be protector of this prayer. armed with glittering spears. our tongue. through the swift Gods' loving help. never humbled. when on their ways they yoke their cars for victory. Truthful art thou. they who wear bright rings. impetuous.strike The demon with your thunderbolt. Maruts. HYMN LXXXVII Maruts. rays they . ye know the toil of him who sings your praise. make this thing manifest by your greatness . Drop fatness. Strong Host. with spotted steeds. 8 O Heroes truly strong. Create the light for which we long. sportive. on the steeps ye pile the moving cloud. thus it hath lordly sway. THE best of guardians hath that man within whose dwelling place ye drink. honeyhued. full of strength. Maruts. 2 When. LOUD Singers. Maruts. 4 Self-moving is that youthful band. O Maruts. ye are like birds on whatsoever path it be. 5 We speak by our descent from our primeval Sire.HYMN LXXXVI. 10 Conceal the horrid darkness. best-beloved. 5 Let the strong Maruts hear him. 4 Upon this hero's sacred grass Soma is poured in daily rites: Praise and delight are sung aloud. The heart's desire of him who loves. him surpassing all men: strength be his That reaches even to the Sun. and blameless. 6 For. shall move Into a stable rich in kine. 6 Splendours they gained for glory. drive far from us each devouring fiend. the strong man to whom ye have vouchsafed to give a sage. manliest. a few in number only. in many an autumn. we Have offered up our sacrifice. O Maruts. 1. stirs itself. 2 Honoured with sacrifice or with the worship of the sages' hymns. endued with power and might. Clouds everywhere shed forth the rain upon your cars. they had joined Indra in toil of fight. 1. searcher out of sin: so thou. 3 Yea. They have displayed themselves with glittering ornaments. for him who sings your praise.

sounding with sweet songs. have they set the stone. our guardians day by day unceasing in their care. The friendship of the Gods have we devoutly sought: so may the Gods extend our life that we may live. in motion. The Gotamas making their prayer with singing have pushed the well's lid up to drink the water. Asvins. Armed with their swords.obtained. winged with steeds. COME hither. For your sake. to this prayer and to this solemn worship. 5 Him we invoke for aid who reigns supreme. for whom our spirits long. they have possessed the Maruts' own beloved home. unhindered. Maruts. Bhaga. MAY powers auspicious come to us from every side. As they stir woods so may they stir our spirits. Aditi. 1. 3 For beauty ye have swords upon your bodies. And the joy-giving stones that press the Soma's juice. 2 May the auspicious favour of the Gods be ours. Aryaman. like birds. auspicious. Visvedevas. tawny coursers which speed their chariots on. and victorious. Earth have they smitten with the chariot's felly. like the voice of one who prayeth. 1. never deceived. the Lord of all that stands or . O ye Maruts very mighty and well-born. That the Gods ever may be with us for our gain. 3 We call them hither with a hymn of olden time. Brilliant like gold is he who holds the thunder. Fly unto us with noblest food. What time upon your golden wheels he saw you. grant felicity. armed with lances. HYMN LXXXIX. may Earth our Mother give it. on us descend the bounty of the righteous Gods. they come for glory. O ye of mighty power. 6 To you this freshening draught of Soma rusheth. 4 May the Wind waft to us that pleasant medicine. 5 No hymn way ever known like this aforetime which Gotama sang forth for you. the friendly Daksa. Varuna. Soma. the Asvins. may ye. and men to celebrate their praise. hear this. on your lightning laden cars. impetuous and fearing naught. O Maruts. 4 The days went round you and came back O yearners. O Maruts. haply. and our Father Heaven. 2 With their red-hued or. libations wont to flow. It rusheth freely from our hands as these. HYMN LXXXVIII. wild boars rushing about with tusks of iron. back. Mitra. May Sarasvati. Maruts.

Immortal Gods to mortal men. he who knows. may Indra prosper us: may Pusan prosper us. Pusan. With limbs and bodies firm may we extolling you attain the term of life appointed by the Gods. Aditi is mid-air. Aditi is all Gods. the rivers pour sweets for the man who keeps the Law So may the plants be sweet for us. brilliant as the Sun.moves. enrich our hymns with kine. 8 May the tall tree be full of sweets for us. Aditi all that hath been bom and shall be born. 9 Be Mitra gracious unto us. and with our eyes see what is good. Visvedevas. MAY Varuna with guidance straight. 6 Illustrious far and wide. and. Break ye not in the midst our course of fleeting life. and Bhaga. borne by spotted steeds. 8 Gods. Aditi is the Mother and the Sire and Son. Indra. our keeper and our guard infallible for our good. 1. ye who run your course. Sages whose tongue is Agni. 7 The Maruts. not deluded. and Visnu of the mighty stride. 7 Sweet be the night and sweet the dawns. 3 Shelter may they vouchsafe to us. 6 The winds waft sweets. ye Holy Ones. And Aryaman in accord with Gods. Sweet be our Father Heaven to us. with their might Guard evermore the holy laws. . sweet the terrestrial atmosphere. the Maruts. 2 For they are dealers forth of wealth. Chasing our enemies away. 5 Yea. Sons of Prani. Bless us with all prosperity. and full of sweets the Sun: May our milch-kine be sweet for us. within whose space ye bring our bodies to decay. Within whose space our sons become fathers in turn. the Master of all wealth. O ye Gods. May Tarksya with uninjured fellies prosper us: Brhaspati vouchsafe to us prosperity. Visnu. moving in glory. 4 May they mark out our paths to bliss. 10 Aditi is the heaven. Aditi five-classed men. Brhaspati be kind. 9 A hundred autumns stand before us. oft visiting holy rites. and Mitra lead us. HYMN XC. inspirer of the soul.-hither let all the Gods for our protection come. and Varuna and Aryaman: Indra. That Pusan may promote the increase of our wealth. may we with our ears listen to what is good. Pusan. the Gods to be adored.

Him doth the mighty Sage befriend. dealt out among the Gods their share of treasure.With all of these. be happy in our heart. 7 To him who keeps the law. is thy glory. 1. let it be thy wish that we may live and may not die: Praise-loving Lord of plants art thou. in the plants. the mortal man who in thy friendship hath delight. O Soma. Waxing to immortality. And energy that he may live. O Soma: win highest glories for thyself in heaven. 15 Save us from slanderous reproach. Soma. From every side may vigorous powers unite in thee: Be in the gathering-place of strength. art preeminent for wisdom. prospering our store. O most gladdening Soma. Our wise forefathers by thy guidance. 13 Soma. 3 Thine are King Varuna's eternal statutes. 8 Guard us. and be A Friend of most illustrious fame t6 prosper us. come. healer of disease. Vrtra-slayer thou: Thou art auspicious energy. from distress: Be unto us a gracious Friend. great through all thy rays of light. a good Friend to us. guide of mortals. All-pure art thou like Mitra the beloved. As a young man in his own house. and in the waters. O royal Soma. for the worshipper. 12 Enricher. thou givest happiness. O Soma. Soma. . on mountains. 6 And. both old and young.. Soma. like Aryaman. 9 With those delightful aids which thou hast.Even with those protect thou us. Soma. wax great. Indu. 14 O Soma. wealth-finder. by glories art thou glorious. O Soma. 10 Accepting this our sacrifice and this our praise. God. King Soma. most gracious One. King. O Soma. in heaven. Thou. Soma. accept. and powers and mighty foe-subduing vigour. Be. 16 In thee be juicy nutriments united. 5 Thou. as milch-kine in the grassy meads. strong by thine energies and all possessing. 11 Well-skilled in speech we magnify thee. And be thou nigh to prosper us. 2 Thou by thine insight art most wise. along the straightest path thou art our leader. yea. lofty and deep.HYMN XCI Soma. Soma. 17 Wax. art the Lord of heroes. adorable. well-pleased and not in anger. Mighty art thou by all thy powers and greatness. O Soma. 4 With all thy glories on the earth. 16 Soma. on all sides from him who threatens us: never let The friend of one like thee be harmed. our oblations. with our sacred songs: Come thou to us. keep us.

Like heroes who prepare their weapons for the war. Wealth-giver. in the eastern half of the mid-air they spread abroad their shinine light. 5 We have beheld the brightness of her shining. all these. 4 She. come. 1. THESE Dawns have raised their banner. may they all invest our worship.19 Such of thy glories as with poured oblations men honour. Bringing refreshment to the liberal devotee. to our houses. victorious. it spreads and drives away the darkiorne monster. meet for holy synod. a fleet steed and a man of active knowledge. 22 These herbs. Like tints that deck the Post at sacrifices. The Dawns have brought distinct perception as before: red-hued. 3 They sing their song like women active in their tasks. like a dancer. guard of our camp. Heaven's Daughter hath attained her wondrous splendour. Born amid hymns. the Red Cows have they harnessed. 20 To him who worships Soma gives the milchcow. victor. 21 Invincible in fight. 23 Do thou. sparing the brave. winner of light and water. easy to be yoked. these milch-kine. The spacious firmament bast thou expanded. 2 Readily have the purple beams of light shot up. HYMN XCII. the Mother Cows. the Dawn hath laid the darkness open as the cows their stall. they have attained their fulgent brilliancy. O Soma. O Soma. yea. Soma. Let none prevent thee: thou art Lord of valour. all things to the worshipper who pours the juice. a glory to his father. win for us a share of riches. Provide for both sides in the fray for booty. onward they come bright red in hue. She like a flatterer smiles in light for glory. puts her broidered garments on: as a cow yields her udder so she bares her breast. for council meet. God Soma. furtherer with troops of heroes. exceeding famous. Creating light for all the world of life. thou hast generated. Skilled in home duties. and with the light thou hast dispelled the darkness. along their common path hither from far away. in thee will we rejoice. and these running waters. Dawn breaking forth again brings clear perception. 6 We have o'erpast the limit of this darkness. with thy Godlike spirit. well-housed. and fair of face hath wakened to rejoice . Dawn. saver in battles.

Agni-Sona. widely spreading with her bright eye westward. she is beheld visible with the sunbeams. Dawn. again again born newly. 18 Hither may they who wake at dawn bring. the blessed One shines forth extending her rays like kine. And then bring thou unto us all felicities. HYMN XCIII. 8 O thou who shinest forth in wondrous glory. The Goddess wastes away the life of mortals. bestow on us the wondrous gift Wherewith we may support children and children's sons. Agni and Soma. Bestow on him heroic strength. bring strength bither unto us. renowned and ample. with offspring. Agni and Soma. Diminishing the days of human creatures. urged onward by thy strength. the Lady shines with all her lover's splendour. 16 O Asvins wonderful in act. and noble steeds. all his life. shall enjoy great strength. far-famed for horses. increase of kine. 11 She hath appeared discovering heaven's borders: to the far distance she drives off her Sister. with wealth of horses and of kine Shine thou on us this day. the leader of the charm of pleasant voices. decking her beauty with the self-same raiment.us. 13 O Dawn enriched with ample wealth. 2 The man who honours you to-day. she understands the voice of each adorer. and prosper him who offers gifts. . O Asvius. Waking to motion every living creature. auspicious Lady. 1 AGNI and Soma. in brave sons. 9 Bending her looks on all the world. 15 O Dawn enriched with holy rites. may I gain that wealth. borne on paths of gold. a light that giveth light to man. yoke to thy car thy purple steeds. mighty Pair. conspicuous with kine and horses. as a flood rolls his waters. Dawn. do ye unanimous direct Your chariot to our home wealthy in kine and gold. Do ye. O Dawn auspiciously. thou conferrest on us strength with offspring and men. 3 The man who offers holy oil and burnt oblations unto you. 17 Ye who brought down the hymn from heaven. Never transgressing the divine commandments. 14 Thou radiant mover of sweet sounds. graciously hearken to my call. with this hymn. 10 Ancient of days. troops of slaves. to drink Soma both the Gods Health-givers Wonder-Workers. the Goddess shines. 7 The Gotamas have praised Heaven's radiant Daughter. like a skilled hunter cutting birds in pieces. 12 The bright. Accept in friendly wise my hymn.

mates in wealth. the Falcon rent the other from the mountain. HYMN XCIV. In thee the Gods eat the presented offering. 9 Invoked together. 6 One of you Mitarisvan brought from heaven. joined in operation ye have set up the shining lights in heaven. Mighty Ones. gaineth heroic might. Soma. nigh to us. and let our cows be fat who yield oblations. Let us not. Let us not in thy friendship. and let it please you. He waxeth strong. accept our hymns: Together be among the Gods. suffer harm. distress never approacheth him. Agni and Soma. dwelleth without a foe. Agni. be ye pleased with these oblations brought to you. 2 The man for whom thou sacrificest prospereth. unto him who worships you with holy oil Shine forth an ample recompense. grant to the sacrificer great felicity. Bring hither the Adityas. Ye caused the brood of Brsaya to perish. cherish well our horses. Agni. together. accept it. Vouchsafe us good protection and kind favour: grant to the sacrificer health and riches. suffer harm. Grant power to us and to our wealthy patrons. Agni and Soma. 11 Agni and Sonia.4 Agni and Soma. suffer harm. And come. in thy friendship. this prepared oblation. ye freed the rivers that were bound in fetters. From curse and from reproach. the single light for many. AgniSoma. for we long for them. 5 Agni and Soma. 10 Agni and Soma. 8 Whoso with oil and poured oblation honours. preserve him from distress. prowess wherewith ye stole the kine. Agni. ye found the light. his food. from Pani. Strengthened by holy prayer Agni and Soma have made us ample room for sacrificing. 4 We will bring fuel and prepare burnt offerings. 3 May we have power to kindle thee. 12 Agni and Soma. in thy friendship. is this care of ours. in his assembly. For good. Fulfil our thoughts. Let us riot. with God-devoted heart. .Protect his sacrifice. and cause our holy rites to be successful. famed is that your. 7 Taste. reminding thee at each successive festival. Agni 1 FOR Jatavedas worthy of our praise will we frame with our mind this eulogy as 'twere a car. Agni.

Fulfil our thought that so we may prolong our lives. Agni. devouring demons. protecting quadruped and biped with their rays. great High Priest by birth. thou seest through even the dark of night. whether near or tar away. O God. thou art the wondrous Friend of Gods. alike on every side. Whom with good strength thou quikenest. suffer harm. though far. wind-sped. Let us not in thy friendship. Let us not in thy friendship. Let us not in thy friendship. 9 Smite with thy weapons those of evil speech and thought. Agni. fair in sacrifice. suffer harm. 7 Lovely of form art thou. thou shinest brightly as if close at hand. Agni. 15 To whom thou. suffer harm. thy roar was like a bull's. Agni. the guardians of the folk. when. Let us not in thy friendship. Let us not in thy friend. Let us not in thy friendship. Thou with smoke-bannered flame attackest forest trees. 6 Thou art Presenter and the chief Invoker. 10 When to thy chariot thou hadst yoked two red steeds and two ruddy steeds. Under. with children and wealth-may we . the Vasu of the Vasus. foremost he his car who pours libations out. Attend to this our speech and make it prosper well. suffer harm. kindled in thine own abode. Purifier. ship. suffer harm. Agni. thy sparks fly forth abroad. 14 This is thy grace that. Let us not in thy friendship. Sage. thou Director. suffer harm. Then is it easy for thee and thy car to pass. 8 Gods. Let us not in thy friendship. Knowing all priestly work thou perfectest it. suffer harm. Agni. 11 Then at thy roar the very birds are terrified. Mighty art thou. and let our hymn prevail o'er evil-hearted men. invoked with Soma thou soundest forth most benign. Agni. suffer harm. suffer harm. the wondrous herald of the Dawn. Let us not in thy friendship. suffer harm. Be gracious. Agni. Thou givest wealth and treasure to the worshipper. Agni. suffer harm. Let us not in thy friendship. Agni. Let us not in thy friendship. 13 Thou art a God. grantest freedom from every sin with perfect wholeness. Agni. 12 He hath the Power to soothe Mitra and Varuna: wonderful is the Maruts' wrath when they descend. Then to the singer give free way for sacrifice. eating-up the grass. thine own most wide protection may we dwell. Lord of goodly riches. 5 His ministers move forth. let their hearts he turned to us again.

He forces out from all a brilliant vesture. Three several places of his birth they honour. in mid-air.be they. and Mitra. The Sage adorns the depths of air with wisdom . 16 Such. and in the waters. produced this Infant borne to sundry quarters. decking him in his home with milk and waters. and Aditi and Sindhu. Governing in the cast of earthly regions. with all thy self-bright undiminished succours. 4 Who of you knows this secret One? The Infant by his own nature hath brought forth his Mothers. Agni. 8 He makes him a most noble form of splendour. is he with the other. and course. and moves among the new . When he was born both Tvastar's worlds were frightened: they turn to him and reverence the Lion. 2 Tvastar's ten daughters. fair. All ancient things within his maw he gathers. of Godlike nature. The germ of many. Agni. Eternal Being. on the right. They bear around him whose long flames are pointed. fulgent among mankind with native splendour. vigilant and youthful. and torrent. 9 Wide through the firmament spreads forth triumphant the far-resplendent strength of' thee the Mighty. yea. Earth and Heaven. in the heaven. 3. HYMN XCV. wise and great. One bears a Godlike Babe of golden colour. from his Mothers draws he forth new raiment. the seasons hath he stablished in their order. God. 7 Like Savitar his arms with might he stretches. bright and fair-shining. To fair goals travel Two unlike in semblance: each in succession nourishes an infant. they balm with their oblations. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. this is the meeting where the Gods are worshipped. lengthen here the days of our existence. 6 The Two auspicious Ones. awful. and inundates the earth with floods that glisten. from the waters' bosom he goes forth. him. like women. He is the Lord of Might among the mighty. he grows in native brightness uplifted in the lap of waving waters. he strives grasping the world's two borders. 10 In dry spots he makes stream. Kindled by us do thou preserve us. thou who knowest all good fortune. Agni 1. 5 Visible. tend him: like lowing cows they seek him in their manner.

Father of earth and heaven. by refulgent light. CHASING with light our sin away. 1. 9 Fed with our fuel. Son of Strength. meeting together suckle one same Infant: Golden between the heaven and earth he shineth. 3 Praise him. Agni. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. 6 Root of wealth. HYMN XCVII. finds a pathway for his offispring. light-winner. banner of sacrifice. Agni. Earth and Heaven. and length of days may the Wealth-Giver send us. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 4 That Matarisvan rich in wealth and treasure. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. O Agni. the Constant Giver.fresh-sprouting grasses. 2 At Ayu's ancient call he by his wisdom gave all this progeny of men their being. changing each the other's colour. so blaze to us auspiciously for glory. May the Wealth-Giver grant us food with offspring. 2 For goodly fields. Guard of our folk. and Aditi and Sindhu. Earth and Heaven. heaven and the waters. so blaze to us auspiciously for glory. Guard of what is and what will be hereafter. And. HE in the ancient way by strength engendered. Well-tended. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. who grants the suppliant's wishes: Preserving him as their own life immortal. 8 May the Wealth-Giver grant us conquering riches. and Aditi and Sindhu. 11 Fed with our fuel. HYMN XCVI. may the Wealth-Giver grant us wealth with heroes. the Gods possessed the wealthbestowing Agni. 1. purifying Agni. for pleasant homes. shine thou wealth on us. The Gods possessed the wealth. and Mitra. 7 Now and of old the home of wealth. purifying Agni. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. The waters and the bowl have made him friendly. bestowing Agni. as chief performer of sacrifice adored and ever toiling. 5 Night and Dawn. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. . and Mitra. gathering-place of treasures. lo! straight hath taken to himself all wisdom.-the Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. the mansion of what is born and what was born aforetime. May his light chase our sin away. ye Aryan folk. for wealth we sacrifice to thee.

May Agni carry us through all our troubles. May his light chase our sin away. the Mighty. our chiefs who sacrifice. present.May his light chase our sin away. all-present Agni. preserve us day and night from foemen. With manly strength triumphant. in our sons may live. girt by Maruts. as it were. Agni. be our succour. girt by Maruts. May his light chase our sin away. HYMN XCIX. 7 O thou whose face looks every way. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant.-may Indra. through grief as in a boat across the river. foremost. to us-ward: let wealth in rich abundance gather round us. 1. and Aditi and Sindhu. MAY he who hath his home with strength. 3 Best praiser of all these be he. bear us past foes as in a ship. STILL in Vaisvanara's grace may we continue: yea. and Mitra. convey thou us for our advantage o'er the flood. heaven's genial moisture. in earth. he is King supreme o'er all things living. the King supreme of earth and spacious heaven. Mightiest with his Friends in his own courses. May his light chase our sin away. Indra. Lord of true power. 2 Present in heaven.-all plants that grow on ground hath he pervaded. Agni. HYMN XCVIII Agni. 5 As ever. Vaisvanara hath rivalry with Surya. 2 Whose way is unattainable like Surya's: he in each fight is the strong Vrtraslayer. be . May Indra. FOR Jatavedas let us press the Soma: may he consume the wealth of the malignant. girt by Maruts. Earth and Heaven. 4 So that thy worshippers and we. to he invoked in battles. thou art triumphant everywhere. be our succour. 1. thine. Sprung hence to life upon this All he looketh. May his light chase our sin away.conquering Agni's beams of splendour go to every side. 6 To every side thy face is turned. 8 As in a ship. 3 Whose paths go forth in their great might resistless. May his light chase our sin away. HYMN C.-may Indra. May his light chase our sin away. Vaisvanara. 1. forthmilking. May Agni. 3 Be this thy truth. may Vaisvanara with vigour. foe-subduer.

mighty amid the mighty. 9 He with his left hand checketh even the mighty. girt by Maruts. the folk have made him guardian of their comfort. invoked of many. girt by Maruts. in manly battle conquering his foemen ' With his close comrades doing deeds of glory. girt by Maruts. May Indra. 15 The limit of whose power not Gods by Godhead. thunder-wielder. be our succour. delighted with our service. a Friend with friends. May he this day gain with our men the sunlight. be our succour. honoured most of singers. nor mortal men have . girt by Maruts. Sole Lord is he of every holy service. Praiser mid praisers. God invoked of many. be our succour. Rich gifts and treasures evermore attend him. be our succour. May Indra. be our succour. hitherward roars his thunder like the terrific mighty voice of Heaven. be our succour. girt by Maruts. may Indra. be our succour. May Indra. girt by Maruts. 6 Humbler of pride. For gain of waters. 12 Awful and fierce. May Indra. 10 With hosts on foot and cars he winneth treasures: well is he known this day by all the people. girt by Maruts. may Indra.our succour. May Indra. 11 When in his ways with kinsmen or with strangers he speedeth to the fight. with boundless knowledge. girt by Maruts.-may Indra. May Indra. May Indra. In strength like Soma. 13 Winning the light. guard of the Five Peoples. 8 To him the Hero. girt by Maruts. With manly might he conquereth those who hate him. fiend-slayer. 4 Among Angirases he was the chiefest. girt by Maruts. Even with the humble he acquireth riches. He hath found light even in the blinding darkness. hymned by hundreds. May Indra. 7 His help hath made him cheerer in the battle. the earth and heaven. and of sons and grandsons. and with his righthand gathereth up the booty. save us. be our succour. girt by Maruts. mighty. 14 Whose home eternal through his strength surrounds him on every side. be our succour. the Lord of heroes. his laud. 5 Strong with the Rudras as with his own children. May he. exciter of the conflict. be our succour. be oursuccour. on high days of prowess. heroes for help and booty shall betake them.

sing forth this laud to please thee. celestial who. and Sambara. 6 Whom cowards must invoke and valiant men of war. -him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. 3 He whose great work of manly might is heaven and earth. him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. 17 The Varsagiras unto thee. 7 Refulgent in the Rudras' region he proceeds. the sunlight. Bhayamana. Indra. May Indra. Indra who cast the Dasyus down beneath his feet. Who extirpated Susna the insatiate. the Mighty One. whose law the rivers follow as they flow. to bring Rjrasva riches. 1. . among the hosts of men was noted. Sahadeva. HYMN CI. 2 Indra. Indra. much invoked. him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. who with Rjisvan drove the dusky brood away. and Aditi and Sindhu. and unimperilled may we win the booty. who with triumphant wrath smote Vyamsa down. and Varuna and Surya keep his holy law. with oblation. Ambarisa.at every holy act. Fain for help. and the waters. and laid them low with arrows. and Mitra. and with the Rudras through the wide space speeds the Dame.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. O Indra. after his wont. Stayer even of the strong who pours no offering out. him the strong whose right hand wields the bolt.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. 16 The red and tawny mare. who for the Brahman first before all found the Cows. invoked by those who conquer and by those who flee. 18 He. to whom all beings turn their constant thought. Suradhas. nor yet the Waters. high standing.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. joyous. Drew at the pole the chariot yoked with stallions.reached. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. honoured -the firm and sure. and Pipru the unrighteous one. he our succour. Earth and Heaven. Rjrasva with his fellows. SING. Both Earth and Heaven in vigour he surpasseth. praise to him who maketh glad. blaze-marked. Indra. The mighty Thunderer with his fair-complexioned friends won the land. 5 He who is Lord of all the world that moves and breathes. girt by Maruts. 19 May Indra evermore be our protector. hath slain Dasyus and Simyus. 4 He who is Lord and Master of the steeds and kine.

on sacred grass. let thy Bay Steeds bring thee: gracious to us. 8 O girt by Maruts. for. Indra. Earth and Heaven. 5 For here in divers ways these men invoking thee. Indra. his power is boundless in each act best. bestow on us joy and felicity break down. The Sun and Moon in change alternate run their course. and. HYMN CII. and heaven and sky and earth display his comely form. and Mitra. grant us that same car to bring us spoil. grant shelter. that we. sing hymns to win thine aid. Thou. the vigour of our foes. O Indra. strong Indra. yea in him victorious through his strength. Maghavan. whether thou delight thee in loftiest gathering-place or lowly dwelling. 1. In Indra. true boon-best-ower: through love of thee have we prepared oblations. with a hundred helps waker of battle's din Is Indra: none may rival him in mighty strength. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. Come thence unto our rite. get ourselves the booty. 4 Encourage thou our side in every fight: may we. 6 His arms win kine. and Aditi and Sindhu. 7 Thy glory.The hymn of praise extols Indra the far-renowned: him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. O team-borne God. O Maghavan. O thou sought with prayer. fain for thee. Indra. holder of treasures. Ascend the car that thou mayest bring spoil to us. conquer the foeman's host. may we through Indra. have pressed Soma. more than a hundred. may behold and may have faith. with all thy Maruts. have made oblations. rejoice thee. unclose thy jaws and let thy lips be open. O Indra. 9 We. 11 Guards of the camp whose praisers are the Maruts. 3 Maghavan. Indra. 2 The Seven Rivers bear his glory far and wide. 10 Rejoice thee with thine own Bay Steeds. with thee for our ally. Hence. Thou with the fair cheek. eager for the spoil the people call on him. thy fixt winneth the victory. exceeds a hundred yea. . thy conquering car in which we joy in shock of fight. To thee the Mighty One I bring this mighty hymn. to us who love thee well. than a thousand mid the folk. Now at this sacrifice. whom our hearts praise highly in the war. the Gods have joyed at feast and when the Soma flowed. Maghavan. he pleased with our oblation. for thy desire hath been gratified by my laud.

rent Rauhipa to death and slaughtered Vyarnsa. the forests and the waters. 9 We invocate thee first among the Deities: thou hast become a mighty Conquer in fight. and put your trust in Indra's hero vigour. Lord men and the three realms of light. and he found the horses. in waking with thy bolt the slumbering Ahi. Earth and Heaven. Indra. at the Dasyu. 11 May Indra evermore be our Protector. whose deeds are many. goes parting the possessions of the godless. watching like a thief in ambush. 5 See this abundant wealth that he possesses. Thunderer. THAT highest Indra-power of thine is distant: that which is here sages possessed aforetime. and Aditi and Sindhu. and make our car impetuous. Maghavan. thou hast waxen great: without a foe art thou. 3 Armed with his bolt and trusting in his prowess he wandered shattering the forts of Dasas. in heaven the other. nature. to him the strong Bull let us pour the Soma. when we defy the foe. 4 For him who thus hath taught these human races. Cast thy dart. We make thee keen. and unimperilled may we win the booty. This prayer of ours may Vartuna grant and Mitra. 6 To him the truly strong. and hast not kept the booty back. HYMN CIII. 2 He spread the wide earth out and firmly fixed it. 10 Thou hast prevailed. 1. Maghavan. Maghavan with his puissance struck down Ahi. drawing nigh to slay the Dasyus. Above this whole world. increase the Arya's might and glory. . the Mighty One. succour us: inspire us. and both unite as flag with flag in battle. Indra. bearing a fame-worthy title. This one is on the earth. from of old. May Indra fill with spirit this our singer's heart. 7 Well didst thou do that hero deed. Thunderer. The Hero. Indra.The great bowl hath inspirited thee boundlessly: so mayst thou slay the Vrtras breaker-down of forts! 8 Of thy great might there is a three counterpart. knowing. he found the plants. O Indra. the three earths. in trifling battles in those of great account. He found the cattle. hath given himself the name of Son for glory. foremost in attack. smote with his thunderbolt and loosed the waters.

give us a share of sunlight. Indra. Dames divine rejoiced them. Widely-capacious. the flying Maruts and all Gods were joyful. and. 8 Slay us not. Now think thou of us. invocated. as such. O Indra invoked of many. nor cast us away as doth a profligate his treasure. 9 Come to us. sinlessness. WITHIN the waters runs the Moon. set free thy Horses who bear thee swiftly nigh at eve and morning. Drink thereof for rapture. strong Lord of Bounty! our vessels with the life that is within them. pour it down within thee. 1. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant.in thee. Pipru. to ample riches. Visvedevas. 1. 8 As thou hast smitten Susna. bear milk upon their waters. Both wives of Kuyava in milk have bathed them: may they be drowned within the depth of Sipha. THE altar hath been made for thee to rest on: come like a panting courser and be seated. 6 Indra. I think. hear us like a Father. in thee as such have trusted: lead us on. Indra. Anjasi. and Virapatni. do not thou forsake us: steal not away the joys which we delight in. delighted. 7 Now we. 2 These men have come to Indra for assistance: shall he not quickly come upon these pathways? May the Gods quell the fury of the Dasa. 5 Soon as this Dasyu's traces were discovered. HYMN CV. and reputation. HYMN CIV. and may they lead our folk to happy fortune. Maghavan. 4 This hath his kinship checked who lives beside us: with ancient streams forth speeds and rules the Hero. of waters. they have called thee Soma-lover: here is the pressed juice. delighting him. Mighty One. he sought the dwelling. Kulisi. as she who knows her home. Rend not our unborn brood. In no unready house give us. and Aditi and Sindhu. Loosen thy flying Steeds. 3 He who hath only wish as his possession casts on himself. he with the beauteous wings in . and Mitra. casts foam amid the waters. Do thou no harm to our yet unborn offspring: our trust is in thy mighty Indrapower. food and drink when hungry. Earth and Heaven. Vrtra and Kuyava. and Sambara's forts O Indra.

Mark this my woe. Ne'er fail us one like Soma sweet. ye Earth and Heaven. 7 1 am the man who sang of old full many a laud when Soma flowed. ye Earth and Heaven. intelligent. both give and take the bliss of love. ye Earth and Heaven. Back from his path they drive the wolf as he would cross the restless floods. return. What count ye truth and what untruth? Where is mine ancient call on you? Mark this my woe. O Satakratu. Mark this my woe. Mark this my woe. ye Earth and Heaven. The flowing of the floods is Law. 11 High in the mid ascent of heaven those Birds of beauteous pinion sit. singer of thy praise. 14 Here seated. and speaketh out for brotherhood. ye Earth and Heaven. O Gods. bring thou the Gods for sacrifice. 4 I ask the last of sacrifice. Mark this my woe. Mark this my woe. ye Earth and Heaven. ye Earth and Heaven. 15 Varuna makes the holy prayer.heaven. Mark this my woe. Here seat thee like a man: most wise. ye Earth and Heaven. O Agni. and meet to be told forth. 5 Ye Gods who yonder have your home in the three lucid realms of heaven. Mark this my woe. 6 What is your firm support of Law? What Varuna's observant eye? How may we pass the wicked on the path of mighty Aryaman? Mark this my woe. As envoy he shall tell it forth. 2 Surely men crave and gain their wish. Close to her husband clings the wife. And. Having together swiftly borne my praises to the Gods. in embraces intertwined. Mark this my woe ye Earth and Heaven. as rats devour the weaver's threads. ye Earth and Heaven. 9 Where those seven rays are shining. Truth is the Sun's extended light. Yet torturing cares consume me as the wolf assails the thirsty deer. Where is the ancient law divine? Who is its new diffuser now? Mark this my woe. men find not your abiding-place. ye Earth and Heaven. God among the Gods. ye Earth and Heaven. Mark this my woe. ye Earth and Heaven. . biting cares devour me. Ye lightnings with your golden wheels. fall from its station in the sky. man-like as a priest shall wisest Agni to the Gods Speed onward our oblations. thence my home and family extend. 8 Like rival wives on every side enclosing ribs oppress me sore. 3 O never may that light . 12 Firm is this new-wrought hymn of praise. This Trta Aptya knoweth well. is that kinship which thou hast with Gods. ye Gods. the spring of our felicity. Mark this my woe. Mark this my woe. 10 May those five Bulls which stand on high full in the midst of mighty heaven. To him who finds the path we pray. 13 Worthy of laud. ye Earth and Heaven.

ye Earth and Heaven. 17 Trta. 5 Brhaspati. ye Earth and Heaven. to aid. and the two Goddesses. with all our heroes conquer in the battle. Mark this my woe. and Aditi and Sindhu. 2 Come ye Adityas for our full prosperity. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. That call of his Brhaspati heard and released him from distress. Mark this my woe. allied with Indra. He. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. in conquests of the foe. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. Mothers of the Gods. ye Earth and Heaven. and Mitra. 19 Through this our song may we. O mortals. Like as a chariot from a difficult ravine. and Mitra.He in the heart reveals his thought. make us evermore an easy path: we crave what boon thou hast for men in rest and stir. 1. Earth and Heaven. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. as I was faring on my path. rescue us from all distress. Mark this my woe. rescue us from all distress. Visvedevas. bountiful Vasus. O Gods. bring joy to us. Earth and Heaven. who strengthen Law. ye Earth and Heaven. Varuna and Agni and the Marut host and Aditi. bountiful Vasus. Let sacred worship rise anew. rescue us from all distress. bountiful Vasus. 4 To mighty Narasamsa. rescue us from all distress. 3 May the most glorious Fathers aid us. 6 Sunk in the pit the Rsi Kutsa called. . rescue us from all distress. Is not to be transgressed. strengthening his might. bountiful Vasus. Mitra. and Aditi and Sindhu. when buried in the well. ye behold it not. made to be highly glorified. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. ye Gods. rescue us from all distress. Lord of power and might. HYMN CVI. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. bountiful Vasus. 7 May Aditi the Goddess guard us with the Gods: may the protecting God keep us with ceaseless care. to Pusan. we pray with hymns. 16 That pathway of the Sun in heaven. like a carpenter whose back is aching crouched and slunk away. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. Indra the Vrtra-slayer. ruler over men. CALL we for aid on Indra. 18 A ruddy wolf beheld me once. bountiful Vasus. Mark this my woe. calls on the Gods to succour him.

Visvedevas. So came ye unto this my true conviction. ye mighty Lords. Anus. O Indra and Agni. and Aditi and Sindhu. with Druhyus. 1. in battle we must contend with Asuras for this Soma. So let this Soma be. which looks round on all things living. HYMN CVIII. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. when fires are duly kindled. The ancient and auspicious bonds of friendship. and display your favour. 3 This laud of ours may Varuna and Indra. come. ON that most wondrous car of yours. the Yadus. Aditi with Adityas grant us shelter. Adityas. 6 As first I said when choosing you. and drink libations of the . 2 As vast as all this world is in its compass. Hitherward let your favour be directed. Maruts with Maruts. 1. and drink libation of the flowing Soma. the forms ye have displayed and mighty exploits. come hither. and Mitra. Indra and Agni. Savitar find pleasant. Holy Ones. rejoice you. Earth and Heaven.-for sake of these drink of the flowing Soma. made for your drinking till your soul be sated. 2 By praise-songs of Angirases exalted. Even frorn thence. deep as it is. Indra and Agni. pour in. ye Mighty Ones. So Indra-Agni. with lifted ladles. Drawn by strong Soma juice poured forth around us. 3 For ye have won a blessed name together: yea. Indra-Agni. IndraAgni! Even from thence. 8 If with. O Vrtra-slayers. May Indra with his powers. Indra-Agni. ye mighty Lords. Turvasas. with one aim ye strove. Aryaman Agni. THE sacrifice obtains the Gods' acceptance: be graciously inclined to us. the mighty Soma. 4 Both stand adorned. may!he Gods come to us with their protection. come hither. or with prince or Brahman. ye sojourn. ye. with its farstretching surface. Indra-Agni. 7 If in your dwelling. Purus.HYMN CVII. 5 The brave deeds ye have done. seated here together. spreading the sacred grass. This prayer' of ours may Varuna grant. Take ye your stand and come to us together. and be our best deliverer from trouble. and drank libations of the flowing Soma.

This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 6 Surpassing all men where they shout for battle. and all things . ye be dwelling in highest earth. ye mighty Lords. were mightiest. 1. 4 For you the bowl divine. I have heard. on mountains. 11 Whether ye be in heaven. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. I make you this new hymn. 10 Whether. O Indra-Agni. come hither. when Vrtra fell and when the spoil was parted. 3 Let us not break the cords: with this petition we strive to gain the powers of our forefathers. for kinsmen. or in lowest. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. ye ever active. or waters. in the herbs. for here in the bowl's lap are both the press-stones. HYMN CIX. Indra-Agni. With hands auspicious and fair arms. For Indra-Agni the strong drops are joyful-. ye be dwelling in lowest earth. Even from thence. and Aditi and Sindhu. No providence but yours alone is with me so have I wrought for you this hymn for succour. and Mitra. in spirit. on earth. ye Twain exceed the earth and heaven in greatness. come hither. win us all kinds of wealth. So offering to you this draught of Soma. come hither. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. O Indra-Agni. Earth and Heaven. Even from thence. Indra and Agni. 13 Thus having drunk your fill of our libation. 9 Whether. 12 If. ye mighty Lords.flowing Soma. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. on the strewn grass. Indra and Agni. sprinkle it with sweetness in the waters. O Indra-Agni. come hither. 2 For I have heard that ye give wealth more freely than worthless son-in-law or spouse's brother. presses the Soma gladly to delight you. Greater are ye than rivers and than mountains. and with the juice delight you. Indra-Agni. in central. in central. ye take delight in food. Sit at this sacrifice. when the Sun to the mid-heaven hath mounted. or in highest. Indra and Agni. Even from thence. O Indra-Agni. ye mighty Lords. Even from thence. or for brothers. ye Asvins. LONGING for weal I looked around. haste. Indra-Agni. 5 You. ye mighty Lords. O Indra-Agni.

Lauded of all who saw. Earth . Rbhus.beside them. they. ye whose arms wield thunder: Indra and Agni. gained immortality. with surpassing skill ye made your aged Parents youthful as before. Now of a truth these be the very sunbeams wherewith our fathers were of old united. through your favour may we on the happy day quell the attacks of those who pour no offerings forth. ye came unto the home of liberal Savitar. wandered on your way. THE holy work I wrought before is wrought again: my sweetest hymn is sung to celebrate your praise. 4 When they had served with zeal at sacrifice as priests. O Indra: joined with the gbhus give us varied bounty. Heroes. as 'twere a field. wide of mouth. praying for what is best. certain of my kinsmen. seeking your enjoyment onward from afar. 1. HYMN CX. whose hands wield thunder: Indra and Agni. because ye came proclaiming him whom naught can hide. Earth and Heaven. 5 The Rbhus. and Mitra. ye who shatter forts. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. bright as suns. O ye Rbhus.The Rbhus who came near with this great Father's speed. Here. is this sea for all the Gods: sate you with Soma offered with the hallowing word. 2 When. mortal as they were. 9 Help us with strength where spoil is won. were in a year's course made associate with prayers. Rbhu with powers and wealth is giver of rich gifts. desiring glorious fame among Immortal Gods. ye made to be fourfold. ye. and Aditi and Sindhu. 7 Rbhu to us is Indra freshest in his might. with your powers protect us. and Mitra. Sons of Sudhanvan. which till that time was one. after your long journeying. we through knowledge will present unto the Heroes of the firmament our hymn. Sons of Sudhanvan. 8 Give. and brought the mother close unto her calf again. once ye formed a cow. and Aditi and Sindhu. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 7 Bring wealth and give it. Gods. the single sacrificial chalice. The Rbhus. save us in our battles. 8 Out of a skin. children of Sudhanvan. And this the drinking-chalice of the Asura. 3 Savitar therefore gave you immortality. with a rod measured. and rose to heaven's high sphere to cat the strengthening food. 6 As oil in ladles. O Rbhus.

and Heaven. with those aids. strangers or akin. 1 To give first thought to them. 2 Ample. Maruts to the Soma draught. with those aids wherewith ye help our thoughts to further holy acts. and fashioned for the calf a mother by its side. and the Asvins Twain: let them speed us to wealth. Come hither unto us. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 4 Indra. Varuna. Grant to our company this power most excellent. and . they have mounted as it were an eloquent car that ye may think of us and give. O Asvins. with those aids. Come hither unto us. conquering foes in battle. with those aids wherewith in fight ye speed the war-cry to the spoil. the Rbhus. O Rbhus. prisoned and fast bound. made the barren cow give milk. O Asvins. Come hither unto us. unfailing. the Rbhus' Lord. The Rbhus for their Parents made life young again. Wherewith ye succoured Kapva as he strove to win. O Asvins. yea. fair bright glow. Mitra. Earth and Heaven. Asvins. and Mitra. Wherewith the sapient one acquired his triple lore. I worship Heaven and Earth.-Come hither unto us. make prosperity for us. or the Two-Mothered Son shows swiftest mid the swift. and for steed. Vajas. 5 May Rbhu send prosperity for battle. 2 For sacrifice make for us active vital power for skill and wisdom food with noble progeny. Rbhus. and victory. 1. 6 Wherewith ye rescued Antaka when languishing deep in the pit. 3 Do ye. with those aids wherewith ye. Grant us prosperity victorious evermore. and Agni. HYMN CXI. both. and Aditi and Sindhu. wisdom. O Asvins. 3 Ye by the might which heavenly nectar giveth you are in supreme dominion Lords of all these folk. WORKING with skill they wrought the lightly rolling car: they wrought the Bays who bear Indra and bring great gifts. and Vandana to look upon the light. that with a family allheroic we may dwell. ye Heroes. I invocate for aid. 5 Wherewith ye raised from waters. 4 The aids wherewith the Wanderer through his offipring's might. HYMN CXII. Rebha.-Come hither unto us. to hasten their approach. may Vaja conquering in the fight protect us. O Asvins. Heroes. prosperity for car.

Wherewith ye guarded Purukutsa. O Heroes. powerless to move. shone in his course like to a gathered kindled fire. 8 Mighty Ones. O . 9 Wherewith ye quickened the most sweet exhaustless flood.-Come hither unto us. And Trasadasyu when the forts were shattered down. Prsnigu. Kasoju. Atri. O Asvins. 17 Wherewith Patharva. ye who ne'er decay. and to Prthi favouring help. in battle of a thousand spoils. with those aids.-Come hither unto us. and Upastuta and Kali when he gained his wife. Wherewith ye guarded friendly Vaga. with those aids. O Asvins. Asva's son. Divodisa. 11 Whereby the cloud. And lent to Vyasva. Narya gave your help.-Come hither unto us.-Come hither unto us. -Come hither unto us. And to sage Bharadvija gave protecting help. And to Srutarya. O Agvin. strengthened Manddatar in his tasks as lord of lands. O Asvins.-Come hither unto us. and made the fiery pit friendly for Atri's sake. 12 Wherewith ye made Rasa swell full with water-floods. in his majesty of form. in their woe. with what powers ye gave Paravrj aid what time ye made the blind and lame to see and walk. with those aids. with those aids. when Sambara was slain. and comforted Vasistha. ye vouchsafed deliverance to Sayu.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. Vispala seeking booty. Wherewith Trisoka drove forth his recovered cows. with those aids. with those aids. Vayya. with those aids. Wherewith ye helped Suryata in the mighty fray. with those aids. with those aids. Wherewith ye set at liberty the swallowed quail.Bhujyu with unfailing help. O Asvins. 7 Wherewith ye gave gucanti wealth and happy home. compass round the Sun when far away.. with those aids. Kutsa.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. 14 Wherewith. 16 Wherewith.-Come hither unto us. 10 Wherewith ye helped. O Asvins. shed sweet rain for Dirghasravas.-Come hither unto us. Wherewith ye shot your shafts in Syumarasmi's cause. singer of your praise. with those aids. ye guarded well great Atithigva. ye Bounteous Givers. O Asvins. 13 Wherewith ye. Wherewith ye helped Kaksivan.-Come hither unto us. 15 Wherewith ye honoured the great drinker Vamra. and to Manu long ago.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. and urged to victory the car without a horse. for the merchant Ausija. And comforted Karkandhu. O Asvins.

with those aids.Asvins. born is the brilliant. and onward went to liberate the flood of milk. with those aids. strengthen us also on the field of battle. 18 Wherewith. for evermore both night and day protect us. Adhrigu. Dawn. 21 Wherewith ye served Krsanu where the shafts were shot. helped Kutsa. undiminished blessings. Fair-formed. with those aids. 25 With. Wherewith ye safely guard his horses and his car. unending is the Sisters' pathway. following each other. 22 Wherewith ye speed the hero as he fights for kine in hero battle. 1. taught by the Gods. amid all lights the fairest. alternately they travel. 23 Wherewith ye. with those aids. Angirases! ye triumphed in your heart. and Mitra. Favoured Dhvasanti and lent Purusanti help. son of Aduni. to her the Dark One hath resigned her dwelling. This light is come. changing their colours both the heavens move onward. 3 Common. Wherewith ye bring delicious honey to the bees.-Come hither unto us. Lords of Hundred Powers. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. of different hues and yet one-minded. In luckless game I call on you for succour . ye mighty Wonder-Workers. O Asvins.-Come hither unto us. O ye Asvins. And good and gracious Subhara and Rtastup. with those aids. and this our hymn.-Come hither unto us. 2 The Fair. O Asvins. hath yielded up a birth-place for the Morning. with those aids. in the strife for land and sons. Akin. gave Turviti and Dabhiti strength. and helped the young man's horse to swiftness in the race.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. Night and Dawn clash .-Come hither unto us. Wherewith ye helped the hero Manu with new strength. 20 Wherewith ye bring great bliss to him who offers gifts. the Bright is come with her white offspring. HYMN CXIII. farextending brightness. immortal. O Asvins with those aids. O Asvins. 24 Make ye our speech effectual. 19 Wherewith ye brought awife for Vimada to wed. Earth and Heaven. wherewith ye have protected Bhujyu. and Aditi and Sindhu. O Asvins. Night. O ye Asvins. wherewith ye freely gave the ruddy cows away. Wherewith ye brought the host of kind Gods to Sudas-Come hither unto us. sent away for Savitar's uprising.

not. 8 She first of endless morns to come hereafter. this morning. we the living. 15 Bringing all life-sustaining blessings with her. one for wealth or worship. We. bringing food for Gods' enjoyment. stirring up the world. All living creatures hath the Dawn awakened. at her rising. 14 In the sky's borders hath she shone in splendour: the Goddess hath thrown off the veil of darkness. Dawn. shine on us here. the Goddess. So will she shine on days to come immortal she moves on in her own strength. she sets afoot the coiled-up sleeper. one for enjoyment. now behold her brightness and they come nigh who shall hereafter see her. hast caused Agni to be kindled. 9 As thou. flushing in her shining raiment. the Law's protectress. hath shown us riches: Dawn hath awakened every living creature. 12 Foe-chaser. one to exalted glory. endowed with riches. and with the Sun's eye hast revealed creation. and shows this light today. splendid in hue she hath unclosed the portals. 10 How long a time. Auspicious. on her well-harnessed chariot Dawn approaches.-Dawns that have shone and Dawns to shine hereafter? She yearns for former Dawns with eager longing. urges forth the living him who is dead she wakes not from his slumber. a noble service. flush on us here. the Child of Heaven apparent. Dawn. neither do they travel. and they shall be together. 7 We see her there. O Dawn. and one his labour: All to regard their different vocations. 5 Rich Dawn. Those who saw little for extended vision. She. our eyes behold her. follows the path of morns that have departed. and goes forth gladly shining with the others. 11 Gone are the men who in the days before us looked on the rising of the earlier Morning. showing herself she sends . 6 One to high sway. born of Law. one to pursue his gain. all moving creatures hath the Dawn awakened. Thou soyran Lady of all earthly treasure. for Gods. thou hast performed. Awakening the world with purple horses. auspicious Dawn. most bright. joy-giver waker of all pleasant voices. undecaying. 13 From days eternal hath Dawn shone. the young Maid. this morning. And hast awakened men to offer worship. 4 Bright leader of glad sounds.

the dazzling shape. O Rudra. May he repel from us the anger of the Gods: verily we desire his favourable grace. Ruler of valiant men. Whatever health and strength our father Manu won by sacrifice may we. shining upon the man who brings oblations. 3 By worship of the Gods may we. bringing them bliss: may we. the life. and Aditi and Sindhu. 17 Singing the praises of refulgent Mornings with his hymn's web the priest. the poet rises. HYMN CXIV. That it be well with all our cattle and our men. gain thy grace. the red. rich Maid. under thy guidance. first of bright morns to come hath Dawn arisen. Come to our families. She for the Sun hath left a path to travel we have arrived where men prolong existence. Earth and Heaven. Varuna vouchsafe us. on him who lauds thee. that in this village all he healthy and well-fed. the wanderer. again hath reached us: darkness hath passed away and light approacheth. O Rudra. 4 Hither we call for aid the wise. To the strong Rudra bring we these our songs of praise. shine forth exalted. whose heroes are uninjured. the wild-boar of the sky. thee with reverence will we serve. Aditi's forui of glory. 19 Mother of Gods. May he. bring thee sacred gifts. 5 Him with the braided hair we call with reverence down. 16 Arise! the breath. impetuous Rudra. bring us joy: thee. and a home secure. shelter. niake us chief among the people. Shine then to-day. to strengthen Rudra's .These let the Soma-presser gain when ending his glad songs louder than the voice of Vayu. Rise up. kine and horses. Rudra.forth brilliant lustre. grant us protection. 1. gain. shine down on us the gift of life and offipring. O Bounteous One. bestowing praise on our devotion all-bounteous. perfecter of sacri fice. Lord of Heroes. to him the Lord of Heros with the braided hair. ensign of sacrifice. 18 Dawns giving sons all heroes. his hand filled full of sovran medicines. 2 Be gracious unto us. 20 Whatever splendid wealth the Dawns bring with them to bless the man who offers praise and worship. Even that may Mitra. Last of the countless mornings that have vanished. 6 To him the Maruts' Father is this hymn addressed.

Slay not our heroes in the fury of thy wrath. When he hath loosed his Horses from their station. O thou Lord of Heroes. slay no mother here. changing hues. and Mitra. 3 Auspicious are the Sun's Bay-coloured Horses. do not harm. The soul of all that moveth not or moveth. 8 Harm us not. and Aditi and Sindhu. the food which mortals eat: be gracious unto me. harm not the growing boy. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant.might. deliver us from trouble and . harm not the full-grown man. Blessed is thy most favouring benevolence. O Gods. THE brilliant presence of the Gods hath risen. HYMN CXV. in our seed and progeny. meet for our shouts of triumph. Surya. the Sun hath filled the air and earth and heaven. Rudra. 6 This day. straight over all Night spreadeth out her garment. Grant us. Varuna and Agni. 2 Like as a young man followeth a maiden. do we desire thy saving help. harm not either great or small of us. O God. 5 In the sky's lap the Sun this form assumeth that Varuna and Mitra may behold it. Slay not a sire among us. Bringing oblations evermore we call to thee. so. give us happiness. 1. have spoken and adored him: may Rudra. refulgent Goddess: Where pious men extend their generations. a song more sweet than sweet. at one time bright and darksome at another. verily. and then vouchsafe us doublystrong protection. and in a moment speed round earth and heaven. 11 We. this might of Surya: he hath withdrawn what spread o'er work unfinished. girt by Maruts. hear our calling. Bearing our prayers. so doth the Sun the Dawn. bright. and bless us. before the Auspicious One for happy fortune. my seed. nor in cows or steeds. seeking help. Be gracious unto us. harm us not in the living. while Surya is ascending. 9 Even as a herdsman I have brought thee hymns of praise: O Father of the Maruts. Earth and Heaven. my progeny. 10 Far be thy dart that killeth men or cattle: thy bliss be with us. 4 This is the Godhead. Immortal One. His Bay Steeds well maintain his power eternal. and to our own dear bodies. Rudra. the eye of Mitra. die sky's ridge have they mounted. 7 O Rudra.

Nasatyas. brought to the youthful Vimada a consort. and Aditi and Sindhu. ye gave wisdom to Kaksivan who sprang from Pajra's line. stripped. Dasras! and made him lord of youthful maidens. 9 Ye lifted up the well. Streams flowed for folk of Gotama who thirsted. Asvins. traversing air. in three cars. That stallion ass of yours won. To the sea's farther shore. What time ye carried Bhujyu to his dwelling. hundredfooted. with all his people. that thousand in the race. borne in a ship with hundred oars. 1. Lengthened his life when all had left him helpless. Who. 5 Ye wrought that hero exploit in the ocean which giveth no support. cast downward in the cavern. 8 Ye warded off with cold the fire's fierce burning. the skin upon his body. still to be famed is the braye horse of Pedu. who sang your praises.dishonour. 6 The white horse which of old ye gave Aghasva. unwetted by the billows. Asvins. 2 Borne on by rapid steeds of mighty pinion. in a chariot rapid as an arrow. or hold or station. O Asvins. Ye brought him back in animated vessels. I TRIM like grass my song for the Nasatyas and send their lauds forth as the wind drives rain-clouds. O Nasatyas. 10 Ye from the old Cyavana. three days full swiftly travelled. . Atri. a gift to be his wealth for ever. 7 O Heroes. like rain to bring forth thousandfold abundance. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. as a dead man leaves his riches.Still to be praised is that your glorious present. Asvins. 3 Yea. and set the base on high to open downward. food very rich in nouripliment ye furnished. HYMN CXVI. which for three nights. forth to comfort. O ye Nasatyas. or proudly trusting in the Gods' incitements. O Nasatyas. 4 Bhujyu ye bore with winged things. with six horses. and Mitra. Asvins ye brought. Tugra left Bhujyu in the cloud of waters. Ye poured forth from the hoof of your strong charger a hundred jars of wine as from a strainer. as 'twere mail. in Yama's contest. Earth and Heaven. the strand of ocean.

The car that came with you brought splendid riches: a porpoise and a bull were yoked together. 20 Ye bore away at night by easy pathways Jahusa compassed round on every quarter. Heroes. and life with offspring. O ye Asvins. 12 That mighty deed of yours. as ye stood together. bringing wealth with rule. 18 When to his house ye came. to Divodasa. 14 Ye from the wolf's jaws. to gather spoils that might be told in thousands. Ye gave him eyes. should drink it. 22 From the deep well ye raised on high the water. as thunder heraldeth the rain. Ye heard the weakling's wife. as 'twere an order. Lords of many treasures. knowing well his case. What time ye. is that your favouring succour O Nasatyas. that he saw with sight uninjured. are close linked with glory. Nasatyas. for gain. When. O Heroes. Atharvan's offspring Dadhyac made known to you the Soma's sweetness. life rich in noble heroes. Physicians. Nasatyas never decaying! rent the mountains. Wonder-Workers. Nasatyas. 19 Ye. O ye mighty. to assist her. Lords of many treasures. With Indra joined ye drove away misfortunes. a leg was severed like a wild bird's pinion. Straight ye gave Vispali a leg of iron that she might move what time the conflict opened. 17 The Daughter of the Sun your car ascended. Accordant came with strength to Jahnu's children who offered you thrice every day your portion. Ye. with your car that cleaves the toe asunder. O Nasatyas. 21 One morn ye strengthened Vaga for the battle. gave the poet his perfect vision as he mourned his trouble. And. and ye. 13 In the great rite the wise dame called. so that Rcatka's son. set free the quail. Nasatyas. . All Deities within their hearts assented. 16 His father robbed Rjrasva of his eyesight who for the she-wolf slew a hundred wethers. yea foes of Prthusravas.11 Worthy of praise and worth the winning. O Heroes. by the horse's head. and gave to her a son Hiranyahasta. Sara. 15 When in the time of night. first reaching as it were the goal with coursers. you. delivered Vandana trom the pit like hidden treasure. I publish. O Nasatyas. hasting to Bharadvaja. in Khela's battle.

O Heroes. O Nasatyas. HYMN CXVII. 23 To Visvaka. ye Strong Ones should be published. 4 Rebha the sage. ye who wander! When from the hoof of your strong horse ye showered a hundred jars of honey for the people. 6 Kaksivan. your ancient priest invites you hither to gladden you with draughts of meath of Soma. O Heroes. Ye with your powers restored. immersed and wounded. To Ghosa. Baffling the guiles of the malignant Dasyu. Asvins! whom. who for ten days and ten nights. the righteous man who sought your aid and praised you. swifter than thought. suffering sore affliction. Asvins. Nasatyas! son of Krsna. stricken in years. of the mighty people. like a horse. 25 1 have declared your wondrous deeds. Like one who slumbered in destruction's bosom. our song apportioned: with food and strength come hither. repelling them. ye raised. ye restored his son Visnapu. Asvins. whom the Five Tribes honoured. living in her father's dwelling. like some lost creature. 7 To Krsna's son. Pajra's son. like Soma in a ladle Rebha. enjoying lengthened life. ye mighty Heroes. Our gift is on the grass.Him. or like the Sun when dwelling in the darkness. to help the weary Sayu. O Asvins. O Asvins: may this be mine. Whereon ye seek the dwelling of the pious.And with your might. This deed of yours. ye Mighty in succession. from the strait pit. Nasatyas. ye made the barren cow yield milk. Had lain in cruel bonds. ye Wonder-Workers. 5 Ye brought forth Vandana.-come ye thereon to our abode. for triumph. Nasatyas. Asvins. and many kine and heroes. 2 That car of yours. 3 Ye freed sage Atri. 1. ye gave a husband. that ye gave glory . ye Heroes with his people. Heroes. wounded. ASVINS. with your wondrous power ye rescued: your exploits of old time endure for ever. vile men had sunk in water. which drawn by brave steeds cometh to the people. enter old age as 'twere the house I live in. 8 Rusati. his son Visnapu for his eyes to look on. in the waters. May I. 24 Asvins. must laud that exploit of yours. to Visvaka who praised you. like fair gold that hath been buried. fettered. ye gave to Syava of the line of Kanva. still seeing.

wearing many forms at pleasure. 12 Ye Sons of Heaven. 9 O Asvins. Asvins. restored to youth the ancient man Cyavana. light to the blind ye sent for perfect vision. send strength with nourishment to him who knoweth. O Heroes. well-harnessed. When. O Asvins ye Swift Ones giving booty to the singer. 11 Hymned with the reverence of a son. according to your ancient manner: With horses brown of hue that flew with swift wings ye brought back Bhujyu from the sea of billows. Glorified by Agastya with devotion. whither went ye. ye Mighty. cut piecemeal one and a hundred wethers. ye Bounteous Givers. O mighty. carried him off. prayer. O ye Nasatyas. For me Rjrasva. ye. emaciated. like a youthful lover. To him. 14 Ye. winner of a thousand spoils. his wicked father blinded. barren. on Pedu ye bestowed a fleetfoot courser. resistless the serpent slayer. when from the wolf's devouring jaws ye freed her. Strong. 17 He whom for furnishing a hundred wethers to the she-wolf. 19 Great and weal-giving is your aid. when the sons of Paira call you. borne on he went uninjured through the ocean. gave ye eyes. Ye with your chariot swift as thought. made whole the cripple. chose your car to bear her. O Asvins. . hath. to safety. With conquering car ye cleft the mountain's ridges: the offspring of Visvac ye killed with poison. O Mighty Ones. O Asvins. Wonder-Workers. praise in both worlds are your habitation. O Asvins. glorious. O Asvins. O ye Mighty Ones. ever-youthful Ones. 20 Ye. came to her with succours. 10 These glorious things are yours. 15 The son of Tugra had invoked you. sought ye. like a pitcher full of gold. and ye. Nasatyas. O Asvins. objects of all thought. 16 The quail had invocated you. again remembered Tugra. established Vispala again. 18 To bring the blind man joy thus cried the she-wolf: O Asvins. for his fair praise the home of Kdvya. on the tenth day ye lifted up the buried? 13 Ye with the aid of your great powers. O Asvins.to the son of Nrsad. triumphant. The Daughter of the Sun with all her glory. Purandhi also for this cause invoked you. Rjrasva. filled with milk for Sayu the milkless cow.

speak with brave sons about us to. of old. O WonderWorkers. ever active. Borne on their swift wings let your beauteous horses. of triple form. O ye Asvins. yoked to your chariot. And Syava. sweet Soma. and with . gave a son Hiranyahasta. 22 Ye brought the horse's head. and gave it unto Dadhyac the offspring of Atharvan. fleet as the wind. 6 Ye raised up Vandana. carry you. 2 Come to us with your chariot triple seated. Asvins. ascended there your chariot. addressing prayer to you. FLYING. Nasatyas. 1. milking out food for men. O ye Asvins. with falcons. ye brougnt to life again. wealth famous and accompanied with children. 5 The youthful Daughter of the Sun. Blasting away the Dasyu with your trumpet. May we. that ye most swiftly come to stay affliction? 4 O Asvins. Fill full our cows. with flying pinions. delighting in you. hear this the press-stone's song. Asvins. done in the days. O Asvins. ye gave far-spreading light unto the Arya. as your girdle. ye Mighty. How then have ancient sages said. convey you near us. your birds of ruddy hue. cut into three several pieces. Tvastar's secret. O Nasatyas. the synod. descending swiftly. bringing friendly help. 3 With your well-rolling car. Which. strong WonderWorkers! with great might.And by your powers the child of Purumitra ye brought to Vimada to be his consort. give mettle to our horses. ye Wonder-Workers. swifter than the mind of mortal. threeseated O ye Mighty. that rolleth lightly. 25 These your heroic exploits. 23 O Sages. to the banquet. and make each hero son grow strong. swift. like the airy eagles. Grant me. True. O Asvins. let your falcons bear you hither. 21 Ploughing and sowing barley. ye Wonder-Workers. most gracious. three-wheeled. O Asvins. O bounteous Asvins. 24 With liberal bounty to the weakling's consorts ye. evermore I crave your favour: be gracious unto all my prayers.Your chariot. may your chariot. Asvins. Heroes. Heroes. come hither. riches in abundance. he revealed to you. have men related. HYMN CXVIII.

ye bore him to his sires. Asvins. winning thousand treasures. O Asvins. promptly obedient. O Asvins. O Heroes. The quail from her great misery ye delivered. borne on by rapid steeds. cast down to the fire that scorched him. Accepting these our songs. 1. 4 Ye came to Bhujyu while he struggled in the flood. 7 To Atri.power ye rescued Rebha. for our wellbeing come to us on your chariot treasure-laden. strengthening tbod and favour. Nasatyas come with the fresh swift vigour of the falcon. O Asvins. Asvins. 6 Rebha ye saved from tyranny. highmettled. Asvins. measurcIess. hundred treasures. at the first break of everlasting morning. 9 A white horse. 3 When striving man with man for glory they have met. Ye went to the far-distant home. bring some choice boon to the prince. we in our trouble call on you for succour. and a new leg for Vispala provided. selfyoked. ye gave. 2 Even as it moveth near my hymn is lifted up. Accepting his fair praises with approval. I sweeten the oblations. pouring gifts. eager for victory in fight. From out the sea ye saved the son of Tugra. brisk. Bearing oblations I invoke you. a serpent-slaying steed sent down by Indra. elected you as Husbands. and all the regions come together to sing praise. now the helpers come. that I may live. 10 Such as ye are. thoughtswift. ye gave his eyes again to blinded Kanva. and famed is your great aid to Divodisa given. Then verily your car is seen upon the slope when ye. mounted on your car. Maid of noble birth. HYMN CXIX. ye bestowed on Pedu. O nobly horn. O Asvins. bestowing ample room. the car which you had yoked for glorious show your own two voices urged directed to its goal. Then she who came for friendship. I call unto the feast your wondrous car. with flying birds. firm-limbed and vigorous. conquering the foe. Urjani hath. O Mighty Ones. you to be her Lords. 11 Come unto us combined in love. 5 Asvins. and gave his youth again unto Cyavana. Loud-neighing. for Atri's sake ye quenched with cold the . HITHER. With thousand banners. 8 For ancient Sayti in his sore affliction ye caused his cow to swell with milk.

and keep us safely from the wicked wolf. ye Mighty Ones. white. hither turn your eyes. the song wherewith the son of Pajra worships you. ASVINS. I am he who sang your praise. worn out with length of days. nor let our milch-cows stray. to give the wealth that ye had gathered up. Asvins. Far from our homes without their calves. 5 Forth go the hymn that shone in Ghosa Bhrgu's like. Ye wise. Ye made the cow of Sayu stream refreshing milk. 4 Simply. vanquisher of men. ye Lords of Splendour. and Vandana was holpen to extended life. HYMN CXX. and marvellous your succour when ye stood by him. be your great deeds done here for him who honours you. 6 Hear ye the song of him who hastens speedily. and then the horse's head uttered his words to you. O ye Asvins. 9 May they who love you gain you for their Friends. 10 A horse did ye provide for Pedu. like Indra. declare to us this day accepted prayer. Save us from what is stronger. Invincible in war by arrows. skilful workers. ye Vasus. him who was left forlorn by treachery of his sire. Rich with the light ofheaven was then the help ye gave. all-wise. seeking heaven worthy of fame. Ye drew unto yourselves the spirit of Dadhyac. Loving you well your servant lauds you. whose udders give us food. From earth ye brought the sage to life in wondrous mode. conqueror of combatants. 3 Such as ye: are. 1. fiercer than ourselves. guard us well. As such. I ask the Gods of that wondrous oblation hallowed by the mystic word. Hither. we call you. 7 Doers of marvels. O Asvins. 7 For ye were ever nigh to deal forth ample wealth. 8 Give us not up to any man who hateth us. Prepare ye us for . Like some wise minister. what praise may win your grace? Who may be pleasing to you both? How shall the ignorant worship you? 2 Here let the ignorant ask the means of you who know-for none beside you knoweth aught Not of a spiritless mortal man. 8 Ye went to him who mourned in a far distant place. 9 To you in praise of sweetness sang the honey-bee: Ausija calleth you in Soma's rapturous joy. ye restored Vandana. like a car.fiery pit that compassed him. excellent.

and stablished the heaven for quadrupeds and men two-footed. His bolt and team hath he prepared. brought by the Skilful. fermenting. even us who drank. when fighting for the well that giveth splendour. skilful worker. Then when thou shinest forth through days of action for the Car-borne. 3 Lord of red dawns. that nurtures heroes. 11 May it convey me evermore: may the light chariot pass from men To men unto the Soma draught. the Holy. the horse's mate.opulence with strengthening food. WHEN Will men's guardians hasting hear with favour the song of Angiras's pious childern? When to the people of the home he cometh he strideth to the sacrifice. tile Cattle-seeker. whose toils are offerings. for strength. poured from the spoon. is ready. HYMN CXXI. the Swift. 8 Eight steeds thou broughtest down from mighty heaven. to exalt thee. upon the altar. The Mighty One his self-born host regarded. 7 When the wood-pile. he came victorious. 1. 6 There is he born. assisting Kutsa with endless deadly darts didst . the milk shed from the cow who streameth nectar. made of good logs. And I am well content therewith. with praise. the mother of the heifer. from the sling of leather. and the rich who enjoyeth not: Both vanish quickly and are lost. strengthened with milk. for worship. Indra. When the pure treasure unto thee they offered. Indu. 12 It holdeth slumber in contempt. 9 Thou hurledst forth from heaven the iron missile. at the Sun's worship to bind fast the Bullock. and like the Sun shine forth from yonder dawning. a strengthening genial gift for conquest. When the three-pointed one descends with onslaught he opens wide the doors that cause man trouble. 2 He stablished heaven. O Much-invoked. Prepare us for the food that floweth from our cows 10 1 have obtained the horseless car of Asvins rich in sacrifice. May the Swift give us rapture. daily to the Angirases' former invocation. That men might press with stones the gladdening yellow. he poured forth. 5 Thine is that milk which thy swift-moving Parents brought down. When thou. the wealth of kine. 4 In joy of this thou didst restore. the lowing company of hidden cattle.

11 The mighty Heaven and Earth. Indra. 10 Bolt-armed. Vrtra. lover of the men thou guardest. and fair Morn shines with Surya's golden splendour. for our food and fame and gladness. 1. both Mothers of the Living One who beameth. O Parvata and Indra. Vouchsafe us affluence in chariots. joyed. gladdening. Vrtraslaying. the boar who lay amid the waters. bringing sacrifice to bounteous Rudra. SAY. The Barren clothes her in wide-woven raiment. may plenteous food surround us. out of heaven. mighty in strength. HYMN CXXII Visvadevas. 3 Cheer us the Roamer round. who strikes at morning. I will invoke. the Wind delight us. 14 Indra. preserve thou us from this affliction Thunder-armed. best bearers. 12 Mount Indra. This juice for drink to you whose wrath is fleeting! With Dyaus the Asura's Heroes I have lauded the Maruts as with prayer to Earth and Heaven. that Pusan may be bounteous to you. ere darkness overtook the sunlight.compass Susna. as. though firmly knotted. the rich munificence of . hath he fashioned * 13 The strong Bay Horses of the Sun thou stayedst: this Etasa drew not the wheel. the might of Susna that was thrown around him. Set ye the Offspring of the Floods before you. to sleep thou sentest with thy mighty thunder. 2 Strong to exalt the early invocation are Night and Dawn who show with varied aspect. Maghavan. 4 And Ausija shall call for me that famous Pair who enjoy and drink. cried Ghosa. those bright expanses that have no wheels. thou castest at the veiling cloud thy weapon. save us from the misery near us. to win Arjuna's assent. pourer forth of waters! Sharpen our wits. Thou rentest. Casting them forth beyond the ninety rivers thou dravest down into the pit the godless. founded on horses. strong. make us share the foeman's cattle: may we be thy most liberal feast companions. who come to brighten. O Indra. 15 Never may this thy loving-kindness fail us. The bolt which Kavya Usana erst gave thee. at thine exploit. the well-yoked horses of the wind. 5 For you shall Ausija call him who thunders. May all the Gods vouchsafe to us this favour.

most puissant. THE Daksina's broad chariot hath been harnessed: this car the Gods Immortal have ascended. 9 The folk. 12 Vigour will we bestow on that adorer whose tenfold draught we come to taste. a hundred cows to the Prksayamas and the Pajra. of the king. Lay in their hearts. who hate you. a wasting sickness. a chief who makes me rich in cars and horses. the conquering Ayavasa. the sacrificer's calling: hear. What can he do whose steeds and reins are choicest? These. they came directly. 8 Praised is the gift of him the very wealthy: may we enjoy it. joy-givers! While ye who speed through clouds decree your bounty largely. 13 We will rejoice to drink the tenfold present when the twicefive come bearing sacred viands. themselves. supplying nourishment. your car hath shone.Agni. O Varuna and Mitra. HYMN CXXIII. these mine invocations. May all in whom rest splendour and great riches obtain refreshment in these sacrifices. 15 Four youthful sons of Masarsara vex me. Fain to bring light to homes of men the noble and active Goddess hath . Giver of famous gifts. hear them from all men in the hall of worship. so spake they. listen with all his waters 1 7 Praised. Dawn. 1. Mitra-Varuna. be pleased with us. liberal in giving. Dawns. the all-potent. urge brave men to conquest. both offerers and singers. who sinfully hating pour you no libations. three. Moveth a warrior. 11 Come to the man's. 14 The sea and all the Deities shall give us him with the golden car and neck bejewelled. to him the chariot rider. 10 That man. men with hero children: His who hath many gifts to give the Pajras. long-shaped and reined with splendour. Now like the Sun. wondrously urged onward. Mitra. famed among heroes. hasting to the praises otthe pious. Varuna! is your gift. whereas the righteous gaineth all by worship. Presented by car-famous Priyaratha. for fame. Kings of Immortality. kind hearer. evermore undaunted in all encounters even with the mighty. 6 Hear. Sindhu who gives fair fields. O Mitra-Varuna.

May Savitar the God. to the God who longs to win thee. 7 The one departeth and the other cometh: unlike in hue day's. and all goodly treasures. 9 She who hath knowledge Of the first day's nature is born refulgent white from out the darkness.may we subdue him with our car the guerdon. in constant operation with the sunbeams. 8 The same in form to-day. before him thou discoverest thy bosom. O joyous Morning. The Maiden breaketh not the law of Order. 12 Rich in kine. for the flames brightly burning have ascended. Dawn. 2 She before all the living world hath wakened. declare before the Sun that we are sinless. Friend of the homestead. 10 In pride of beauty like a maid thou goest. 13 Obedient to the rein of Law Eternal give us each thought that more and . 4 Showing her wonted form each day that passeth. halves march on successive. Dawn hath come first unto our morning worship. 11 Fair as a bride embellished by her mother thou showest forth thy form that all may see it.emerged from darkness. The far-refulgent Mornings make apparent the lovely treasures which the darkness covered. first among all sing forth. thou Goddess nobly born. and dart across the spirit in a moment. day by day coming to the place appointed. as thou shinest brightly. horses. in turn they traverse thirty regions. sister of Bhaga. 5 Sister of Varuna. The Dawns depart and come again again assuming their wonted forms that promise happy fortune. Revived and ever young on high she glances. Weak be the strength of him who worketh evil . Eager for conquest. they still keep Varuna's eternal statute. the same tomorrow. And smiling youthful. 6 Let our glad hymns and holy thoughts rise upward. One hides the gloom of the surrounding Parents. Blessed art thou O Dawn. 3 If. Her portion is the best of goodly treasures. Dawn on her shining chariot is resplendent. O Goddess. No other Dawns have reached what thou attainest. Shine yet more widely. with bright sheen she cometh. Blameless. thou dealest fortune this day to all the race of mortals. spreading the light she visiteth each dwelling. the Lofty One who wins and gathers treasure.

like the past. 11 This young Maid from the east hath shone upon us. swift to listen. 6 She. nor faileth. 4 Near is she seen. 2 Not interrupting heavenly ordinances. So. shining forth with sunbeams. 7 She seeketh men. THE Dawn refulgent when the fire is kindled. like a loving matron for her husband. 3 There in the eastern region she. verily. Dawn. returning dames most true and constant. Dawn. on those who worship. 8 The Sister quitteth. each quadruped. God. She decks her beauty. appeareth. of all. the liberal givers. exceeding vast to look on debarreth from her light nor kin nor stranger. 9 To all these Sisters who ere now have vanished a later one each day in course succeedeth. Dawn brightly shineth. Wider and wider still she spreadeth onward. let niggard traffickers sleep on unwakened: Shine richly. With us be riches and with chiefs who worship. arrayed in garments all of light. to be active. Savitar. Shine thou on us to-day. Wealthy One. knowing well. 1. and the Sun rising. as she who hath no brother. Truly she fo1loweth the path of Order. unmasks her beauty. turneth not from the high nor froom the humble. the first of those that come. and filleth full the laps of both heir Parents. although she minisheth human generations. 5 There in the east half of the watery region the Mother of the Cows hath shown her ensign. Proud of her spotless form she. each biped. like women trooping to the festal meeting. the heavenly quarters. glad. far diffuse their brightness. on the singer. she harnesseth her . hath sentus forth to labour. with days of happy fortune.more shall bless us. Dawn while wasting. and having looked on her departeth. for the elder Sister. The last of endless morns that have departed. Dawn. her place. HYMN CXXIV. mounting her car. Heaven's Daughter. as 'twere to gather riches. smiling and well attired. richly. O Wealthy One. as 'twere the Bright One's bosom: she showeth sweet things like a new song-singer. 10 Rouse up. She cometh like a fly awaking sleepers. brightly shiming. may the new Dawns shine forth on us with riches.

the prudent one receives and entertains him. laden. and Agni will be present in each dwelling. the waters flow for him with fatness: to him this guerdon ever yields abundance. For he. as milch-cows. 1. flow to profit him who hath worshipped. The streams. like game caught in the net. HYMN CXXVI. She will beam forth. WITH wisdom I present these lively praises of Bhavya dweller on the bank of Sindhu. 4 Health-bringing streams. as thou comest. To him who freely gives and fills on all sides full streams of fatness flow and make him famous. Bhavayavya. 6 For those who give rich meeds are all these splendours. 13 Praised through my prayer be ye who should be lauded. never decay the pious -chiefs who worship! Let every man besides be their protection. COMING at early morn he gives his treasure. Yea. Svanaya. for those who give rich meeds suns shine in heaven. desiring glory. hath furnished me a thousand . Indra bestows on him great vital power. with car wealth. he comes with brave sons to abundant riches. 12 As the birds fly forth from their resting places. Who stays thee. with his treasure. Ye have increased our wealth. Goddesses.team of bright red oxen. O early comer. ye Dawns who love us. prosper with pleasant hymns the Lord of Heroes. Give him to drink juice of the stalk that gladdens. yea. HYMN CXXV. may we win by your good favour wealth to be told by hundreds and by thousands. the son of sacrifice. him who now will worship. much good thou bringest. I came this morning to the pious. 5 On the high ridge of heaven he stands exalted. so men with store of food rise at thy dawning. Thereby increasing still his life and offspring. O Goddess Dawn. to the liberal mortal who remaineth at home. 2 Rich shall he be in gold and kine and horses. the givers of rich fees prolong their lifetime. 7 Let not the liberal sink to sin and sorrow. The givers of rich meeds are made immortal. and let affliction fall upon the niggard. the light will hasten hither. 3 Longing. to the Gods he goes. unconquered King. the liberal giver. 1.

6 He. in fertile cultivated fields . who knoweth all that live. call on thee best worshipper. I Kaksivan. Bull with hair of flame the people must observe. Subduing all. 5 An earlier gift for you have I accepted eight cows. a God with form erected turning to the Gods. even things solid yield: unrough fire-sticks heated hot he gives his gifts to aid. The during fires enjoy things given and things not given. His deathless glory hath he spread to heaven. slayeth the demons like an axe: At whose close touch things solid shake. with mares to draw them. Of the lord's cows a thousand. 2 A hundred necklets from the King. 5 Here near we place the sacrificial food for him who shines forth fairer in the night than in the day. as one who knows. HYMN CXXVII Agni. 1. Kaksivan gained them when the days were closing. when the flame hath sprung forth from the holy oil. AGNI I hold as herald. Reeling in joy Kaksivan's sons and Pajra's have grounded the coursers decked with pearly trappings. good milkers. yea. and what is stable yields like trees. Thee. Kine numbering sixty thousand followed after. have been fain for glory. His life gives sure and firm defence as that one giveth to a son. Svanaya's gift. Singer. with life then stronger than by day. with hymns. Son of Strength. Whom. He deeply piercing many a thing hews it like wood with fervent glow. 3 Horses of dusky colour stood beside me. 3 He with his shining glory blazing far and wide. thee. the during fires enjoy as food. a hundred gift-steeds I at once accepted. knowing all.sacrifices. and tree harnessed horses. 4 To him. the munificent. who art the invoking Priest of men. he keeps his ground and flinches not. Pajras. 4 Forty bay horses of the ten cars' master before a thousand lead the long procession. Lord of fair rites. sacrificing. longeth for it with his glow. he verily it is who slayeth demon foes. who with your wains with your great kinsman. He. beseeching. as holy Singer. roaring very loudly like the Maruts' host. the eldest of Angirases. from the skilled archer flinches not. wandering round as 't were the sky. the offered fatness. hard and solid food with might. Even hard and solid food he crunches with his might. the people that he speed them on. 2 We. ten chariots. Men offer Agni gifts for aid. brilliant One! with singers' hymns. the gracious. like troops of subjects.

great riches with thy gracious love. the wise accept the coverings. ensign of sacrifice by desert. 9 Thou. in desert spots adorable. who hath his seat in broad plains here below. The God whom Matarisvan brought from far away. the Blirgus with their prayer and praise invited him. the household's guardian. wise High-Priest. 10 To him the mighty. most splendid is thy mental power. he sits in Ila's holy place. Agni. be sung your laud. Therefore men wait upon thee. to Agni walking with the dawn. bearing the seed and bellowing. the guest of men. swift-swallowing. offering gifts. common to all. Lord of all these treasures. conquering with victorious strength. most Mighty One. As one of awful power. bearing the genial seed. joying.adorable. even as a sire's. As he who with oblation comes calls him aloud in every place. with gracious love. Observant with a hundred eyes the God is conqueror in the wood: Agni. born for the holy work of those who yearn therefore. in every house takes thought for sacrifice and . love his path when he is glad. the herald. like vassals. Before the brands of fire he shouteth singerlike. All ear to him who seeks his love and wealth to him who strives for fame. the Bhrgus rubbing. and in the high lands far away. as men pursue a path for bliss. accept the grateful coverings. undecaying One. who sendeth kine. like wealth for service of the Gods. oblations come to Gods as food. girt round in Ila's holy place. addressed to heaven. to see and to enjoy the earth. kindler of the brands. 4 That Agni. Agni. born for his own holy work. 7 Even as they who sarig forth hymns. accordant with the Gods. May he. 3 In ordered course forthwith he traverses the earth. Priest most skilled. with worship rich in offerings. the Lord of all our settled homes. Most mighty is thine ecstasy. by whose mouth. most victorious with thy conquering strength. Accepts and eats our offered gifts. For radiant Agni. stir up heroic might for those who praise thee. for Manu brought from far away. So let all. By Manu's law was born this Agni. Give us O Mightiest. what is great. Through presentation of our food he grows not old in this his from. 11 Agni. yea. 2 We call that perfecter of worship by the path or sacrifice. bring us. All these Immortals come to gain their food of life. 8 Thee we invoke. art born for service of the Gods. Thee we invoke. to enjoy. undecaying One. bearer of true hymns. 1. the wise. beheld by us in nearest neighbourhood. to enjoy. to Agni sung. bellowing Steer. Priest ne'er deceived. with reverence rich in offerings. is exceeding strong. Bounteous Lord! HYMN CXXVIII.

HYMN CXXIX Indra. wish our Indra here that he may further you. and by the greatness of his wealth. Blameless and active. THE car which Indra. to Rudra glorious in himself. beloved of all. hear this speech of orderers. which. Varuna I sing a far-famed hymn to the kind God a far-famed hymn. Whence he was born a guest enriched with holy oil. whom thou . 4 We. He shall preserve us from Varuna's chastisement. Hero. Beloved of all. Him the rich seek to gain even as a swift strong steed. have they made their messenger. and opens wide the doors for him. yea. No enemy-whom thou smitest downsubdueth thee. pourest forth the hide that holds the rain. the Friend. for help. 5 When through his power and in his strong prevailing flames the Maruts' gladdening boons mingle with Agni's roar. the wicked man. this speech of us like orderers. thou shuttest out the wicked man. with hymns. through love of fame not loosed his hold. Indra. from the great God's chastisement. for sacrifice. Friend. when fain for wealth. for service of the Gods though it be far away. the SageHim. offering-bearer have they made. the Holy one. 2 Hear. 7 That Agni hath been set most kind in camp of men. Mighty. Agni bestows a blessing on each pious man. dear. him. 8 Agni the Priest they supplicate to grant them wealth: him. no enemy. in sacrifice like a Lord victorious. boons gladdening for the active One. Disposer. good he was made messenger. thou bringest near. He who with heroes wins the light. with mental power. 3 Thou. 6 Vast. Then he accelerates the gift. the very strong ally. the speeder with his right hand hath not loosed his hold. Place swiftly nigh us for our help: be it thy will that it be strong. He bears oblations to the Gods for whosoever supplicates. he with mental power shows all things unto him who strives. His are the oblations of mankind when offered up at Ili's place. thou. takes thought. the Priest. universal. Blameless One. like a dear Lord in sacred rites. O swift One. 1. Shall rescue us from overwhelming misery. even as a courser fleet and strong. yea. to thee I sing. with men of war for victory. To Mitra. for cry of battle with the men. him. to Dyaus. who knoweth all. most thoughtful. thou keepest far away. born as Ordainer and as Priest. in wars the very strong ally In all encounters strengthen thou our prayer to be a help to us. the Gods when they are fain for wealth. Friend. from curse and overwhelming woe. Indra. who with the singers gains the prize. bringest near.holy service. thou whom men in every fight must call to show thy strength.

1. For the sweet draught that gladdens thee. thou Hero. Good Lord. thou who art well extolled: ever the warder-off art thou of wicked ones. Thou drivest. meet to be invoked. awakes the prayer. that thou mayst get thee strength thee. with juice poured forth. to get thee strength. conducting us even as a lord of heroes to the gatherings. to give us aid. the Holy One with calls inspired. Him who is wroth we pacify with sacred food and eulogies. 5 Bow down the overweening pride of every foe with succour like to kindling-wood in fiercest flame. Hurt thou another and not us. Far let him flee away who speaketh wickedness and vanish like a mote of dust. a very thirsty bull the spring. all sins of man away.smitest down. 10 Thou art our own. Come to us. invoking thee. his heroes' lord. obtain great wealth. home. to slay the fiends. Be with us when we stray afar. drink the Soma juice pressed out with stones. which. O Indra. O Thunderarmed. in person. even as a God. to rend the evilhearted ones! The weapon which devouring fiends cast at us shall destroy themselves. the fire-brand shall not strike. with Hero sons. so art thou counted blameless still. the Strong. with power. for mightiest freshening of thy . O Wealthy One. come Indra with the aid of his own lordliness to drive the wicked hence. Indra the Holy with our calls inspired and true. wealth that is sweet with hero sons. one who would hurt. Mighty One. with victorious wealth: let might accompany thee. Indra. as an ox drinks the spring. come by a path from demons free. Thou slayer of the evil fiend. with mighty succour. as of old. good Lord. of wicked ones. the Father made thee slayer of the fiends. bounteousest. saviour of singer such as I. for your good and ours. Immortal! of each warrior's car. awakes the demon-slaying prayer. hurled forth. May he himself with darts of death drive far from us the scorner's hate. be with us when our home is nigh. Struck down. Protect us with thy help both near and far away: protect us ever with thy help. As sons invite a sire. come to us. seeking us. made thee. as Priest. Indra. O Thunder-armed! 11 Save us from injury. it shall not reach the mark. 7 By thoughtful invocation this may we obtain. Guide us. 6 This may I utter to the present Soma-drop. from afar. like Mitra. We come with gifts of pleasant food. 8 On. Indra. to give mighty aid. 2 O Indra. helper thou. poured from the reservoir. 9 With riches in abundance. HYMN CXXX. come by an unobstructed path. like a King. as a Priest. O strongest saviour.

For Atithigva he. as when a craftsman fells. like chariots showing forth their strength. the food that lay concealed. Best Angiras. as heaven grows great with days. Yea. like as a skilful craftsman fashioneth a car. as every day they bring the Sun. their speech he steals away from them. Thou crashest down the trees. So Indra hath disclosed the food concealed. without effort hast let loose the floods to run their free course down. . like a carving-knife for Ahi's slaughter made it keen. that he may bear each prize away. 8 Indra in battles help his Aryan worshipper. as 'twere. like a steed to show his strength and win the prize. disclosed the doors. like chariots. Indra ninety forts. winning all happiness each day. thou Shatterer of the Forts! Thou. closehidden. Indra. he strove to win. 4 Grasping his thunderbolt with both hands. he steals away their speech. praised by Divodasa's clansmen. enclosed in never-enffing rock. O Sage. shalt wax in glory. 3 He found the treasure brought from heaven that lay concealed. O vigorous in deed. Distributing the mighty treasures with his strength. for Divodasa thy boon servant with thy bolt. 7 For Puru thou hast shattered. hast come from far away to hel As winning for thine own all happiness of men. Indra made its edge most keen. O Dancer. he who hath hundred helps at hand in every fray. in frays that win the light of heaven. 10 Lauded with our new hymns. so have they wrought thee to their bliss. men have formed for thee this song. brought Sambara. Let thy Bay Horses bring thee hither as the Sun. like the nestling of a bird. he burns. 9 Waxed strong in might at dawn he tore the Sun's wheel off. crashest them down as with an axe. poured forth all thing. in rock. Bright red. the Lord of Power. reaching hence away. parting all treasures with his strength. O Indra. to the sea. and with lordly might. Indra. O Singer. They. for hurling. the tyrannous away. the stall of kine. save us with strengthening help. he burns each covetous man away. Yea. As thou with eager speed. from the mountain down. like a generous steed for deeds of might. Blazing.for mankind. 'twere. for thy worshipper. bolt-armed. HYMN CXXXI. 6 Eager for riches. the Strong. Adorning thee. 5 Thou. Even as the cows who poured forth every thing for man. Plaguing the lawless he gave up to Manu's seed the dusky skin.strength. have joined their strength for one eternal end. Endued with majesty and strength. Indra.

each seeking several light. Listen thou to the prayer of me a later sage. to hear. And made thine own this great earth and these water-floods. O Indra Thunder-armed. the good gifts of thee the Good. eager for glory have they gained. may we subdue in fight the men who strive with us. To Indra Dyaus the Asura hath bowed him down. all man's libations set apart. showing our strength. Thou showest. afar be all malignity. Indra slew. 3 Couples desirous of thine aid are storming thee. mark at our call our offerings and our song of praise. O Indra. breakest them down with conquering might. oblation of the active one. Their battle-cry thou madest sound victorious in the shocks of war. waxen strong and well-inclined to us. the Bull that ever waits on thee. This day that now is close at hand bless him who pours the Soma juice. conquer the men who war with us. with wide-spread tracts. 2 In all libations men with hero spirit urge the Universal One. O Strong One. 5 And they have bruited far this hero-might when thou. thou very mighty. as the Strong One. Far be malignity. seeking thee. as readiest. pouring their presents forth to win a stall of kine. Indra. wilt. Hero! with thy bolt. by thee in war of old.1. HELPED. Indra. One stream after another have they gained from thee. the man who worships not. will we set to the chariot-pole of strength. slay the man. As thou. May all thy bounteous gifts be gathered up for us. Indra Maghavan. with joyous heart these waterfloods. For Indra all libations must be set apart. -then the bolt thy constant friend. at due oblation of the early-rising one. to win the light. Thou hast chastised. who sought to win thee for their Friend. at the freegiver's call. 7 O Indra. Indra. When two men seeking spoil or heaven thou bringest face to face in war. All Gods of one accord have set Indra in front preeminent. 4 This thine heroic power men of old time have known. our call that we may win the light. 6. 2 In war which wins the light. 3 This food glows for thee as of old at sacrifice. the spoil of war. furthering like a ship. HYMN CXXXII. slay the man that is our foe. slay the foe. men who win Indra with their lauds. yea. wherewith thou breakest down. Slay thou the man who injures us: hear thou. in thy joy helpest thy suppliants. hear thou a later sage's prayer. Thee. like mischief on the march. to Indra mighty Earth with wide-extending tracts. even as we know-whom each bowed head must reverence. pouring gifts. Indra. In this our sacrifice may we divide the spoil. Lord of Strength. autumnal forts. As men who win with sacrifices Indra's thought. wherein they made thee . each fain to win the light apart. 1. Also this morn may he be well inclined to us.

O Maghavan. Break them with thy wide-spreading foot. within the deep and narrow pit. drive him far from us with the bolt. di ive ye away each man who fain would war with us. Indra gives lasting wealth to him who pours forth gifts. Pouring. with the thriceseven brave. 2 O thou who castest forth the stones crushing the sorceresses' heads. 6 Tear down the mighty ones. wealth he gives that long shall last. O nunder-armed. hear thou us. seeking fame. So may the Render rend our foes on every side. HYMN CXXXIV. Thunder-armed! Most Mighty mid the Mighty Ones thou speedest with strong bolts of death. Welcome to him concealed afar shall he the lair that he hath found. That deed they count a glorious deed. pouring his gift conciliates hostilities. yea. eager. 1. onward seeking fame. unconquered Hero with the brave. O Hero. to drink . Vayu. for thou choosest the place of sacrifice. to win him riches thousandfold. 4 Of whom thou hast ere now destroyed thrice-fifty with thy fierce attacks. O Indra. rend them. To him in time of need they sing for life with offspring and with strength. giving aid. Their hymns with Indra find a welcome place of rest: the hynins go forward to the Gods. unchecked and strong. 4 So now must thy great deed be lauded as of old. press. he strives. when for the Angirases thou openedst the stall. indeed. beat off these sorceresses' daring strength. Not slaying men. the hostilities of Gods. the lawless who is wroth with us.chooser of the place . Indra. 5 When with wise plan the Hero leads the people forth. yea. Where throttled by thy hand the foes were slaughtered. everywhere. 7 The pourer of libations gains the home of wealth. the stall. 1. though small to thee. Cast them within the narrow pit. with thy wide-spreading mighty foot. and in the pit of death lay pierced and mangled. O Hero. is found a seeker after spoil. For heaven hath glowed like earth in fear. In the same manner for us here fight thou and be victorious: To him who pours the juice give up the lawless man. they conquer in the ordered battle. openedst. WITH sacrifice I purge both earth and heaven: I burn up great she-fiends who serve not Indra. crush and bray to bits the fearful fiery-weaponed fiend: Strike every demon to the ground. let fleet-foot coursers bring thee speedily to this our feast. our champions in the fight. 3 Do thou. a glorious deed. 6 Indra and Parvata. Speak thou and make it known to us they see within with beams of light. as dreading fierce heat. 5 O Indra. Vayu. Indra. spoil-seeker for his own allies. HYMN CXXXIII.

Come with thy team-drawn car. clothed with its lovely splendours. at the pole. Vayu. To thee the weary coward prays for luck that he may speed away. uplifted. Yea. For thee the Soma is poured forth. the Maruts from the womb of heaven. come well-inclined and loving us. to drink them first. to the gift. poured by all invoking tribes who free themselves from taint of sin. effectual to fulfil. from the world of highest Gods. hast right to drink the juice out-poured. hasten to mixthemselves. come. 3 Two red steeds Vayu yokes. hasten to the water to be mixed. bright-coloured in their new-born beams. Gods and men. gratify thy mind. 5 For thee the pure bright quickly-flowing Soma-drops. first of all hast right to drink these offerings of Soma juice. Thou by thy law protectest us from every world. to taste the sacred food. who hast none before thee. yea. Associate teams come hitherward to grant our prayers . thy portioned share mid. flows clad in its refulgent light. they shall address the hymns we sing. to the reservoir. Indra-Vayu. with team of thousands. Lord of harnessed steeds! The drops divine are lifted up for thee. O Vayu gladden thee. most able. swift-footed. make thou the Dawns to shine. 2 Purified by the stones the Soma flows for thee. The Marut host hast thou engendered from the womb. Wake up intelligence. 6 Thou. For thee the nectar-yielding Cow pours all rich treasures forth as milk. 4 For thee the radiant Dawns in the fardistant sky broaden their lovely gannents forth in wondrous beams. the God. O Vayu. The juices rich in sweets have raised thern for thy joy. HYMN CXXXV. Illumine heaven and earth. come with thousands in thy team to this our solemn rite. Drive thou thy horses. as when a lover wakes his sleeping love. That aids. to yield the butter and the milk. to the pole to draw. with hundreds. Vayu.first of the juice we pour. Vayu two purple steeds. . For thee all cows are milked to yield the Soma-milk. Vayu. May our glad hymn. 2 May the joy-giving drops. effectual. come to us with love. Lord of the harnessed team. directed to the heavens. have raised themselves to give thee strength. blent with milk and seeking heaven. for glory make the Dawns to shine. to taste the offerings. to the first draught of Soma juice. may wait upon our skilful power. to draw. strong. strong in their heightening power. STREWN is the sacred grass. to the chariot. 1. to our feast. come to the sacrificer's gift. Vayu. come Vayu. 3 Come thou with hundreds. well prepared. discerning well.

4 The chariot with its team of horses bring you both. yea. never shall the cows grow thin. borne by attendant priests. 1. over the wether's fleece. 7 O Vayu. and Aryaman's and Varuna's. like sunbeams. Indra-Vayu. HYMN CXXXVI. Firm-set in heaven is Mitra's home. Indra. the barleymeal is dressed. are oficredup to you: bright. the bountiful.This is thy seasonable share. O Vayu. pass thou over all the. fain for you.slumberers. with your splendid bounty come ye both. like a swift veed of mighty strength. offierings. hymn. Drink. the butter flows. Strength-givers! till they gladden you. Mitra-Varuna. The joyous Maiden is beheld. in their course. Soma-drops. ne'er may their Godhead be assailed. are they offered up. 9 These Bulls of thine. whom no shout can stay. For thee. to guard us and to taste the well-appointed food. the Bulls increasing in their might. Their high imperial might may nowhere be assailed. 5 May our songs bring you hither to our solemn rites: these drops of mighty vigour have they beauti fied. pure juice is offered up. go ye both within. the holy Fig-tree which victorious priests surround: victorious be they still for us. yet even through the waste swift-moving. 8 Ride hither to the offering of the pleasant juice. that comes co-radiant with the Sun. 6 These Soma juices pressed for you in waters here. Indra. 3 With Aditi the luminous. With richly laden team come to our solemn rite. Thence they give forth great vital strength which merits praise. to taste the offerings! Drink of the pleasant -flavoured juice the first draught is assigned to you. At once the cows yield milk. Vayu. Drink of them well-inclined to us. and where the press-stone rings enter ye both that house. come hitherward to be our help. upholder of the people. come ye . the eye with Bhaga's rays of light. Somas over the wether's fleece. high power of life that men shall praise. Hard to be checked are they. Swift through the strainer have they flowed. who swiftly fly within the current of thy stream. the celestial. your sweetest to the bounteous Ones. come ye to the rite. O Vayu. BRING adoration ample and most excellent. Indra. and here are shed for both ofyou. Vayu. of these Juices pressed with stones. with bounty come ye both. Vayu. yea. Sovrans adored with streams of oil and praised at every sacrifice. the path of holy law hath been maintained with rays. Horseless. to the watchful Twain. hard to be checked by both the hands. Brought by attendant priests pure juice is offered up. O Vayu with the arm of strength. never for thee shall they be dry. 2 For the broad Sun was seen a path more widely laid.

Mitra. Varuna: he in the drinking-feasts. they milk with stones the stalk for you. the Vigorous One. accomplish what we ask. HYMN CXXXVIII. praise Bhaga and heavenly Aryaman. Seeking felicity I laud him nigh to help. Pusan. Praise Indra. ye who watch sleepless. bright Soma juices blent with milk. O Kings. with Indra still beside us. guard from distress the liberal man. The men pressed out this juice. him guard ye carefully. Lords of liberal gifts. 1. STRONG Pusan's majesty is lauded evermore. have progeny with Soma's help. approach us. from distress. Resplendent might have ye obtained. whate'er we ask. May ye come nigh us. Mitra and Varuna. Mitra and Varuna. mover of men is Aryaman. Adityas. 5 Whoso. these Soma-drops which gladden you. 1. Mitra-Varuna. we and our wealthy princes. 7 With the Gods' help. Aryaman guards him well who acts uprightly following his law. . of bliss. May all the Gods of one accord accept it joyfully to-day. the Compassionate. 4 This Soma be most sweet to Mitra. praise thou Agni. Who beautifies their service with his lauds. hath drawn to him the hearts of all. for sacrihce. may we be held selfsplendid with the Maruts. Therefore do ye. HYMN CXXXVII. Now for the wakening of your Dawn together with the Sun-God's rays. coming hitherward. juices expressed and blent with curd.day by day. day by day. the Bounteous. 6 Worship will I proress to lofty Dyaus. Kings who reach to heaven. Vigorous one. these gladdening drops are blent with milk. with stones they milk the Soma-plant. sharing. drawn them. shall have a share thereof. Who. come ye nigh the Soma-droppings blent with curd. a God. Long may we live and have attendant progeny. ye Righteous Ones. may ye turn hither to drink the Soma juice. the source. among the Gods. WITH stones have we pressed out: O come. with worship serves Mitra and VaruiIa. Varuna. to Heaven and Earth. the God. juice waits for Mitra and for Varuna to drink. the glory of his lordly might is never faint. Movers of men. are Mitra. uninjured. fair juice for drink. his song of praise is never faint. 2 Here are the droppings. May Agni. These milky drops are yours. 3 As 'twere a radiant-coloured cow. to Mitra and to bounteous Varuna. Varuna give us shelter this may we gain. Come to us. pressed out this Soma for your drink. mild both. who makes it beautiful with songs of praise.

5 O Rich in Strength. 6 These Soma-drops. gifts brought by us shall never fail. Not with our thoughts or spirit. strong Indra! drink for heroes. Indra and Vayu we elect. HEARD be our prayer! In thought I honour Agni first: now straightway we elect this heavenly company. our foes afar. Not stirred to anger. I slight thee not. . call thee. above the true have taken to yourselves the untrue with your mind. a God. For when our latest thought is raised and on Vivasvan centred well. we come to thee with prayers for wealth. for you the chariotsteeds are yoked for morning rites. on the golden car. O Pusan. these living men. Wonder-Worker! may we turn thee hither with effectual lauds. 3 Thou. We set you on the chariot-scat. in whose friendship they who sing forth praise enjoy advantage. O Pusan. come thou to us in every fight. a man. Then may our holy songs go forward on their way. poured. unswerving steeds for morning rites. Mitra. come to us. The offerings which we bring to you shall never fail. Goat-borne! their gift who long for fame. So. to their oblations. are welling forth for thee. through thy grace. I urge with lauds that thou mayst make the foemen flee. but with these our eyes. to take this gift of ours. then. as by a path that leads direct. with wisdom's mental energy. All glories and all nourishment. Pusan. sounding their loud song forth to you. So make our loudly-chanted praises glorious. the pious call you with their hymns of praise. to be my Friend. thou Resplendent One: thy friendship may not be despised. to give wealth great and wonderful. camel-like. even in wisdom. HYMN CXXXIX. As I.2 Thee. 2 As there ye. giver of bliss. in battles make them glorious. 4 Not stirred to anger. after this most recent course. pressed out by pressing-stones. Free-giver. 4 Well is it known. ye Mighty. Mighty Ones! of your golden car. through your great power vouchsafe us blessings day and night. 3 Asvins. So. come. O Mighty Ones: ye open heaven. They shall make glad thy heart to give. like a swift one on his way. So in the seats wherein ye dwell have we beheld the Golden One. living men. drive. 1. in wisdom even they are advanced. Ye seek mid-air as by a path that leads aright. our songs as 'twere unto the Gods. Lords of all wealth! depend on you. nigh to us. Varuna. The fellies of your golden chariot scatter drops. O Wide-Ruler. for thee the drops are welling forth. Visvedevas. with the eyes that Soma gives. yea. thou who hast goats for steeds.

to Indra. strengthener of his sire. hear us: magnified by us thou shalt speck for us to the Gods adorable yea. never may your bright glories fall into decay. Discordant-minded. Impetuous-tongued. Anigiras. destroying. . one to be watched and cherished. He. 2 Child of a double birth he grasps at triple food. Now with our ears we catch the sound of the press-stone that rings afar. O Gods. tbose of ancient days and Manu knew. surpassing man. rings forth. to the Kings adorable: When. O ye Deities. by another's mouth and tongue a noble Bull. new every age. I bring the food as 'twere his place of birth. 7 Quickly. urged onward by the wind and rapid in their course. Atri. Manu knew my birth. 10 Let the Invoker bless: let offerers bring choice gifts. did the work: he knoweth her as well as I. Whatever. Eleven. What deed of yours. him with the car of light. in the year's course what he hath swallowed grows anew. whate'er is hard to gain. thou Friend of men. Agni. live in waters. yea. 9 Dadhyac of old. making a glorious show these flames Of his fly forth. lightly running. The very Strong hath gained the waters by himself. for their high station. 11 O ye Eleven Gods whose home is heaven. come thou to us benevolent. O ye Eleven who make earth your dwelling. as an elephant. Priyamedha these. our birth-connexions are with them. 4 For man. Ye who with might. accept this sacrifice. joined with them. with pleasure. moving in the dark bestir themselves: both parents hasten to the babe. HYMN CXL. loving well his home. 1 To splendid Agni seated by the altar. They milked her: Aryaman. ploughing blackened lines. wondrous. I clothe the bright One with my hymn as with a robe.Thou who acceptest praise come glorified by hymns. Maruts! may be difficult to gain. O Agni. grant us. the strong gained many a resting-place. bow with song. Agni. 1 bow down with song. gliding with easy speed. To these. impatient. ye gave that Milch-cow to the Angirases. never before our time decay. consumes the trees. 5 Dispelling on their way the horror of black gloom . dispelling gloom. and Kanva. Steers that have many an excellence. with other. these steeds of thine are yoked. springing swiftly forth. fleet. 3 The pair who dwell together. 8 Ne'er may these manly deeds of yours for us grow old. Brhaspati the Friend doth sacrifice with Steers. Their long line stretcheth to the Gods. bright-hued.

bard to stay. . One that may further well our wealthy princes and all the folk. filling them with new spirit. When he inclines thereto successful is the hymn: the songs of sacrifice have brought him as they flow 2 Wonderful. Strengthening all that walk. 9 Licking the mantle of the Mother. next. forsooth. they rise up again to meet the Living One. 1. Agni. YEA. in the seven auspicious Mothers is his home. 10 O Agni. the fair effulgence of the God for glory was established. May earth and heaven and freely flowing rivers Yield us long life and food and corn and cattle. a blackened path. mayest thou grant to us abundant store of wealth. shine resplendent with our wealthy chiefs. Thirdly. since he sprang from strength. 13 Welcome our laud with thine approval. With the pure brilliancy that radiates from thy form. A second time they wax and gather Godlike power. 6 Amid brown plants he stoops as if adorning them. HYMN CXLI. 11 May this our perfect prayer be dearer unto thee than an imperfect prayer although it please thee well. 12 Grant to our chariot. O Agni. that they might drain the treasures of the Bull. and shakes his horns like one terrific. he dwells in food. Releasing them from age with a loud roar he comes. like a loud-snorting bull. dead. tresses hold him in embrace. to our house. and may the red Dawns choose for us their choicest. unsubdued. he leaves where'er he goes. Proving his might. accustomed to the house. now displayed he grasps as one who knows his resting-place in those who know him well. verily. 3 What time from out the deep. 7 Now covered. rich in nourishment. he decks the glory of his form. Thou casting off thine infant wrappings blazest forth as though thou hadst put on a coat of mail for war. the Chiefs who had the power produced him with their strength. Agni. and be our certain refuge. from the Steer's wondrous form. the maidens brought forth him for whom the ten provide. far and wide he wanders over fields with beasts that flee apace.When o'er the spacious tract he spreads himself abroad. and blending both together change their Parents' form. 8 The maidens with long. a boat with moving feet and constant oarage. living. and rushes panting on with thunder and with roar. licking up all around. and rushes bellowing like a bull upon his wives.

11 Vouchsafe us riches turned to worthy ends. the vigorous from of old. Thy worshippers become by burning black of hue: their strength flies as before a hero's violence. with best directions to bliss and highest happiness conduct us. HYMN CXLII Apris. serpent-like winding through the dry grass unrestrained. O Agni. and in them pure and uninjured he increased in magnitude. Most Youthful! sendest wealth and all the host of Gods. 1. Varuna who guards the Law. 4 When from the Highest Father he is brought to us. Now may these wealthy chiefs and we together spread forth as spreads the Sun above the rain-clouds. pressing to him as unto Bhaga. Spin out the ancient thread for him who sheds. he with his red limbs lifts himself aloft to heaven. For. will we set anew. wondrously.When Matarisvan rubbed forth him who lay concealed. and strong capacity. most youthful he is born resplendent in his light. therefore. by the power and will of Gods. 9 By thee. As to the first he rose. even as Bhaga. he with the radiant car and rapid horses. . 5 Then also entered he the Mothers. as the felly holds the spokes. young Child of Strength. As both together join to expedite his birth. thou with thy might pervading hast been born encompassing them round. advanced to height of universal kingship. much-praised. Dust lies upon the way of him who burneth all. 6 Therefore they choose him Herald at the morning rites. pouring gifts. Agni. amid the plants he rises hungry. are made strong. thou. the Soma juice. 10 Agni. for mixture of the sweet drink. in the days of old. ever wise. 13 With hymns of might hath Agni now been lauded. so now he runs among the younger lowest ones. hear us. Mitra and Aryaman. good luck abiding in the house. hath risen up. 7 What time the Holy One. most wealthy! in our battle-song. Gods to-day for him who lifts the ladle up. 8 Like a swift chariot made by men who know their art. joyful. to him who toils and pours libations. with gifts. Wealth that directs both worlds as they were guiding-reins. May Agni. wind-urged. very Wise. KINDLED. black-winged and pure of birth who follows sundry paths. the Priest resplendent. and. the Bounteous. he goes at all times to his mortal worshipper to drink. 12 May he. the Gods' assent in sacrifice. When. bring. Thee.

Offspring of the Waters. ageless. the sage. they invite thee to the sacrifice. is chanted forth to thee. God intelligent. High. like to a dart sent forth. For this my hymn of praise. 13 Come hither to enjoy the gifts prepared with cry of Glory! Come. bright. in season. Ila. 4 Send thou with hymns that Agni to his own abode. whom the Bhrgus with their might brought to earth's central point. much-desired. Mahi. sanctifying. O Indra. 3 He wondrous. hymned with lauds. The rays of Agni. O sweet of tongue. sprinkles the sacrifice with mead. bring hitherward Indra the Friend. like Varuna. 11 Vanaspati. reaching heaven to-day. I bring my words and song unto the Son of Strength. shine with beauteous sheen. amid the Maruts Bhirati. and the host of Gods. Thrice. the sweet-voiced lovers of the hymn. Sarasvati. purifying. and call the Gods to sacrifice. Complete this sacrifice of ours.2 Thou dealest forth. 12 To Vayu joined with Pusan. 7 May Night and Morning. who rules. effectual. give forth. 6 Thrown open be the Doors Divine. united. like the floods. For increase and for growth of wealth. 8 May the two Priests Divine. that assist the rite. adorable. To Agni I present a newer mightier hymn. Strong Mothers of the sacrifice. Narasamsa from the heavens. 10 May Tvastar send us genial dew abundant. Tvastar our kinsman and our Friend. even as the Maruts' roar. and conquers them as when the warrior smites his foes. one Sovran Lord of wealth. Him. Agni. bearing precious things sits on the earth. 4 Agni. unfailing. the Wonderful. . rest on the grass. the centre of the world. fair to look upon. even as the bolt from heaven. him whose active force is light. through his power and majesty his fiery splendour made the heavens and earth to shine. Tanunapat. To Indra who inspires the hymn cry Glory! and present the gift. wide. through the nights glimmer sleepless. dear Invoking Priest. Brought by a singer such as I who offers gifts and toils for thee. beams fair to look upon of him whose face is lovely. Who. May Agni. seat them together on the grass. 5 He whom no force can stay. Agni with sharpened jaws chews up and cats the trees. 1. 5 The ladle-holders strew trimmed grass at this well-ordered sacrifice. wondrous. All-possessor. with the Maruts. so that the Gods may enter in. set amang Gods. a God mid Gods adorable. speed our oblation to the Gods. hear their calling. 3 His flames that wax not old. 2 Soon as he sprang to birth that Agni was shown forth to Matarisvan in the highest firmament. sweet sacrifice enriched with oil. When he was kindled. A home for Indra is adorned. rich in gifts. HYMN CXLIII. fittest to receive the Gods. thyself. besought. 9 Let Hotri pure.

promoter of the Law. He moves to meet the ladles turning to the right. Like Bhaga must he be duly invoked by us. Agni. And these two Mighty Ones. Ask ye of him for he is come. THE Priest goes forth to sacrifice. bright. 6 For. absorbed those Godlike powers for which he is adored. . full of wisdom. is implored. 7 The kindler of the flame wins Agni as a Friend. is now implored. Agni. encompassed in the home and birth-place of the God. He. self-sustained. with guards auspicious. With guards that never slumber. whose face is bright with oil. which are the first to kiss the place where he abides. when he dwelt extended in the waters' lap. joy-giver. 2 To him sang forth the flowing streams of Holy Law. HYMN CXLIV. thou by thine own might rulest o'er all that is in heaven and on the earth. with wondrous power sending aloft the hymn of glorious brilliancy. 5 Him the ten fingers. strong. O Helper. 4 He whom the two copartners with observance tend. he lifts our hymn on high clad in his radiant hues. passing untouched by eld through many an age of man. HYMN CXLV. animate: we mortals call on him a God to give us help. as he who drives the car holds fast the horse's reins. the pair who dwell together in the same abode. accept with joy. born of Holy Law! For fair to see art thou turning to every side. the devotions. very mighty. keep our children. never beguiled. Inflamed and keen. pleasant to look on as a dwelling filled with food. 7 Agni.6 And will not Agni find enjoyment in our praise. Agni. He speeds over the sloping surface of the land: new deeds hath he performed with those who gird him round. 8 Keep us incessantly with guards that cease not. refulgent in our gatherings. be glad in this our prayer. 1. never heedless. will not the Vasu grant our wish with gifts of wealth? Will not the Inspirer speed our prayers to gain their end? Him with the radiant glance 1 laud with this my song. he knoweth it. rolling them round are come unto thy sacred grass. Agni. he. like a herdsman. 3 Seeking in course altern to reach the selfsame end the two copartners strive to win this beauteous form. golden closely joined. By night as in the day the grey one was born young. 1.

for he knows Law. the Gods may joy in Holy Law's fulfilment? . 5 He is a wild thing of the flood and forest: he hath been laid upon the highest surface. He plants his footsteps on the lofty ridges of the broad earth: his red flames lick the udder. he is the Sire all-visible of this progeny.With him are admonitions and with him commands: he is the Lord of Strength. with his own mind. fairshaped. Agni all-perfect in his Parents' bosom. him who hath filled all luminous realms of heaven. the Sage. So that on both sides fostering seed and offspring. sublime lie stands. I LAUD the seven-rayed. they turned their eyes unto the River: to these the Sun of men was manifested. He stirs the wearied man to pleasure and great joy what time the longing gifts approach him as he comes. Agni. 1. he goeth on. to him these racing mares: he only will give ear to all the words I speak. spread forth in all directions. guarding with varied skill the Ever-Youthful. Agni. newly born. aspiring. hath grasped. the Babe with flawless help hath mustered vigorous might.creeps forward with his kin. He hath declared the lore of works to mortals. 5 Born noble in the regions. the triple-headed. Measuring out the paths that must be travelled. victor. Forgetting not the former nor the later word. Longing. Agni the Wise. Agni. Sunk in the lap of all that moves and moves not. the Truthful. untouched by eld. not careless. 1. perfecter of sacrifice. 4 The prudent sages lead him to his dwelling. entrusting all desires to him the Mighty. Far as the Wealthy One hath spread himself abroad. 2 They ask of him: not all learn by their questioning what he. 4 Whate'er he meets he grasps and then runs farther on. endued thee with the vigour of the living. 3 Coming together to their common youngling both Cows. far-reaching. aim of all mens' eyes to be implored for life by great and small alike. and straightway. as 'twere. How. in his mental power. the Lord of Power and Might. have the radiant ones. HYMN CXLVI. 3 To him these ladles go. All-speeding. HYMN CXLVII. 2 As a great Steer he grew to these his Parents.

1. Herald of all the Gods. WHAT Matarisvan. HITHER he hastens to give. HYMN CXLVIII. lie pressing-stones shall serve him speeding near us. driving them like the keen shaft of an archer. One hates thee. All acts of mine shall they accept with pleasure. King of the mighty. may never injure. Lord of all riches. Agni. O Victor. piercing. in varied figure. formed by friction. As. Lord of great riches. Agni my help approves me. HYMN CXLIX. and another sings thy praises: I thine adorer laud thy form. Is he whom they have set mid human houses. praised Agni! save thou him that lauds thee: bring us not into trouble and affliction. 4 The sinful man who worships not. both skilled and fain to harm.2 Mark this my speech. to the place of treasure. who. when they saw him. he preserved the pious the foes who fain would harm them did no mischief. injures with double tongue a fellow-mortal. . 5 Him. O Agni. Agni. 3 Thy guardian rays. full many a thing he chews and crunches: he shines amid the wood with spreading brightness. harms us with double-dealing. preserved blind Mamateya from affliction. harnessed to a chariot fleet-foot horses. 5 Yea.Be this in turn to him a heavy sentence may he distress himself by his revilings. gay-hued as light and shining forth for beauty. O Agni. thou. at his command let bearers lead him forward. when a mortal knowingly. Men blind and sightless through his splendour hurt not: his never-failing lovers have preserved him. 4 Wondrous. 1. Divine One. 3 Him in his constant seat men skilled in worship have taken and with praises have established. Who hasting forward rests upon the altar. offering not. Upon his glowing flames the wind blows daily. From him. 2 They shall not harm the man who brings thee praises: such as I am. he whose streams all life hath drunken. 2 As Steer of men so Steer of earth and heaven by glory. O Agni. Most Youthful! offered to thee by him who gives most freely. laudation from the singer who presents it. whom while yet in embryo the hostile.

mid waters. Agni. Here in the neighbourhood they cry unto the Sun at morning and at evening. a Friend. 6 The flames with curling tresses serve your sacrifice. Righteous Ones. prosper our holy songs: ye are sole Masters of the singer's hymn of praise. whom. 2 Thou who ne'er movest thee to aid the indolent. 5 On this great earth ye send your treasure down with might: unstained by dust. Come well-inclined to us . and worships. The wise who longed for spoil in fight for kine brought forth with power. like friends. Mitra and Varuna 1. HEAVEN and earth trembled at the might and voice of him. ye Strong Ones. 4 He. HYMN CLI. enjoy the sacrifice periormed with holy praise and strength. these prompt servants of Purumilha Soma-offerer. to the master ofthe house. O Singer. is that man. wise Courser like the Steed of cloudy heaven. fulfilling your desire. he through his love of glory hath in his keeping all things worth the choosing. mightiest of the great in heaven. when ye bring to singer and the rite. The man who brings him gifts hath noble offspring. for your mighty power. with hundredfold existence. ye bind unto the work. Strong Ones. Mitra and Varuna. may we be foremost.To him do ye draw nigh and taste his sacrifice. Best sacrificing Priest where waters gather. Him who though wealthy never brings an offering. 4 The people prospers. helper of all mankind. 3 Splendid. 5 Priest doubly born. Give mental power to him who sings the sacred song. Send down of your free will. sage and priest. proclaim aloud the Holy Law.3 He who hath lighted up the joyous castle. hath spread in his effulgence through the three luminous realms. through all the regions. at the sacrifice. Asuras! whom ye dearly love: ye. AGNI. have done this work for you. thy faithful servant I call upon thee with many a gift. As in the keeping of the great inciting God. the crowding kine are in the stalls. That efficacious power that comes from lofty heaven. like swift birds of prey. 7 Whoso with sacrifices toiling brings you gifts. doubly born. 3 The folk have glorified your birth from Earth and Heaven. 1. loved and Holy One. the godless man. as to the pole an ox. Agni. whereto ye sing the song. 2 As these. Bright like the Sun. Ye. to be extolled. and hearken. HYMN CL. we thy worshippers.

To you they bring their hymns with their collected thought. HYMN CLII. May he. let me make you delight in this oblation. MitraVaruna. All falsehood. 3 The Footless Maid precedeth footed creatures. Wearing inseparable. 1. WE worship with our reverence and oblations you. ye Righteous Ones. as if through stirrings of the mind. Mitra-Varuna. 9 Rich strength of life is yours: ye. Mitra Varuna. So that with us. praising in Mitra-Varuna. a well- . its glory. may we have rain from heaven to make us prosper. Who marketh. 2 This might of theirs hath no one comprehended. and those who hate the Gods first fall and perish. mighty. wide-spread raiment. an impulse: to you.unto our songs and prayer. never falling downward. THE robes which ye put on abound with fatness: uninterrupted courses are your counsels. horn but not of horses. True is the crushing word the sage hath uttered. and calling Aditi with his lips give us assistance. be food. 8 With sacrifices and with milk they deck you first. neighing he flieth on with back uplifted. 4 We look on him the darling of the Maidens. 5 Unbridled Courser. Mitra-Varuna. Heroes. May our prayer be victorious in battles. 2 Your praise is like a mighty power. have obtained through your surpassing powers rich far-extending might. 6 May the milch-kine who favour Mamateya prosper in this world him who loves devotion. with love and worship. not rivers. not the Papis have attained your Godhead and your wealth. The youthful love mystery thought-surpassing. 1. accordant. well skilled in rites. while ye with earnest soul come to us gloriously. Mitra-Varuna. always advancing. Mitra-Varuna! ye conquer. ye Twain whose backs are sprinkled with oil. Twain Gods. and closely cleave unto the Law Eternal. the priests with oil and hymns support you. Mitra's and Varuna's delightful glory. Not the past days conjoined with nights. this your doing? The Babe Unborn supporteth this world's burthen. 7 Gods. The fearful four-edged bolt smites down the three-edged. HYMN CLIII. fuIfilleth Law and overcometh falsehood.

and all living creatures. HYMN CLV. the heaven. praise aloud in song your draught of juice. Who propped the highest place of congregation. 2 For this his mighty deed is Visnu lauded. thrice setting down his footstep. 3 Let the hymn lift itself as strength to Visnu. who borne as 'twere by noble steed. Of this may he. imperishable. 4 So may the kine and heavenly Waters pour you sweet drink in families that make you joyful. the earth. As the priest decks yon. Visnu 1. For there springs. bow-armed Krsanu's . give us. the Bull far-striding. For mightily. Enjoy. Him who alone with triple step hath measured this common dwelling-place. like some wild beast. Indra and Visnu. dread. Visnu-Indra. He within whose three wide-extended paces all living creatures have their habitation. 3 O Mitra-Varuna. with gifts presented. and the prince fain to worship you for blessings. To the great Hero. there. I WILL declare the mighty deeds of Visnu. 5 May I attain to that his well-loved mansion where men devoted to the Gods are happy. dwelling on the mountains. Strong Ones. widely striding. mountain-roaming. close akin to the Wide-Strider. the well of meath in Visnu's highest footstep. That which hath been directed well at mortal man. when ye come with all your might. for folk who bring oblation. long. of him who measured out the earthly regions. like to a human priest. in assemblies. and Visnu. 4 Him whose three places that are filled with sweetness. prowling. joy as it may list them. 2 Your Soma-drinker keeps afar your furious rush.Gods ne'er beguiled. HYMN CLIV.formed hymn is offered. the ancient House-Lord. 1. Who verily alone upholds the threefold. 6 Fain would we go unto your dwelling-places where there are many-horned and nimble oxen. far extended. drink of the milk the cow provideth. Aditi the Milch-cow streams for the rite. him who sets his mind thereon. When in the assembly he who worships moves you. shineth down upon us the widely-striding Bull's sublimest mansion. have stood upon the lofty ridges of the hills.

to Visnu who ordains. HYMN CLVI. fed with the oil. FAR-SHINING. widely pacing. Visnu 1. widely famed. when he beholds two steps of him who looks upon the light. preserver. like a rounded wheel. enjoy the grace of thee the Mighty One. vast in form. with three steppings forth over the realms of earth for freedom and for life. ye Twain. 4 The Sovran Varuna and both the Asvins wait on this the will of him who guides the Marut host. throned in three worlds. no. Asvins. AGNI is wakened: Surya riseth from the earth. Developed. Visnu hath power supreme and might iliat finds the day. the Father's highest name. singers. e'en the wise must swell thy song of praise. 6 He. His who strode. Visnu. 2 When. Ye. nor the feathered birds of air who fly with wings. Visnu. HYMN CLVII. to us. knowing e'en his name. ye turn far aside. be helpful. godly to the godlier. He lowers. But his third step doth no one venture to approach. 5 Even he the Heavenly One who came for fellowship. and he who hath oblations pay thee solemn rites. together with his Spouse. Mighty. So. have told it forth: may we.arrow. is restless with amaze. 2 He who brings gifts to him the Ancient and the Last. refulgent Dawn hath shone with all her light. inoffensive. and with his Friend unbars the stable of the kine. 1. Who tells the lofty birth of him the Lofty One. a youth. 5 A mortal man. the third is that which is high in the light of heaven. he cometh to our call. God Savitar hath moved the folk in sundry ways. Asvins. 3 Him have ye satisfied. going thy wonted way. Who Maker. bounteous and benign. The Asvins have equipped their chariot for the course. 4 We laud this manly power of him the Mighty One. shall verily surpass in glory e'en his peer. 3 These offerings increase his mighty manly strength: he brings both Parents down to share the genial flow. ye equip your very mighty car. primeval germ of Order even from his birth. our power . Mitra-like. as well as ye know. helps the Aryan man. no more a child. with those who sing forth praise. though a son. and gives the worshipper his share of Holy Law. bedew. Visnu to Indra. hath in swift motion set his ninety racing steeds together with the four.

He is the Brahman of the waters as they strive to reach their end and aim: their charioteer is he. wherein the Dilsas cast me securely bound. for what. HYMN CLVIII. have not devoured me. Prolong our days of life. destroy our foes. sprinkle us with your whip that drops with honey-dew.with honey and with oil. Strong Strengtheners. to cattle and to men. come with a heart that will fulfil our longing. Vasus. Asvins. 6 Dirghatamas the son of Mamati hath come to length of days in the tenth age of human kind. 5 The most maternal streams. 5 Ye store the germ of life in female creatures. the Dasa wounded his own breast and shoulders. be our companions and our Friends. ye Asvins Twain. YE Vasus Twain. strong. bestowing all delight. give sway to him who brings oblation and with his heart pours out his gift before you. and charioteers are ye with skill in driving. was equipped and set amid the waters. Ye Strong. So may I gain your shelter and protection as with winged course a hero seeks his army. when fixed for you it bites the ground it stands on. ye Rudras full of counsel. ye lay it up within all living beings. ye grant through worship? Wake for us understanding full of riches. 3 As erst for Tugra's son your car. may it bring weal to us. Three-seated. 4 Bring hither nourishment for us. Ye have sent forth. the car laden with meath and drawn by fleet-foot steeds. O Asvins passing mighty. the sovrans of the wood. To our devotion give victorious strength in war: may we win riches in the heroes' strife for spoil. When Traitana would cleave my head asunder. wipe out our trespasses. . 1. opulent. 3 Nigh to us come the Asvins' lauded three-wheeled car. for your favour. the waters. What wealth Aucathya craves of you. sea-crossing. great Helpers when ye come forward with no niggard succour. 4 May this my praise preserve Ucathya's offispring: let not these Twain who fly with wings exhaust me. grant us. Let not the wood ten times up-piled consume me. 2 Who may give you aught. 6 Leeches are ye with medicines to heal us. at the Cow's place. the fire. when ye stand beside us.

the Strengtheners of Law. 5 This is to-day the goodliest gift of Savitar: this thought we have when now the God is furthering us. THESE. 1. have measured out the Twins united in their birth and in their home. 2 Widely-capacious Pair. most wise. and on the Mother's great inherent power I muse. 4 They with surpassing skill. sustainers of the region. 1. the wise. that never fail. the refulgent Sages. I PRAISE with sacrifices mighty Heaven and Earth at festivals. Who with great wisdom measured both the regions out. on the gracious Father's mind. ye guard the station of your Son who knows no guile. Heaven and Earth. On us with loving-kindness Heaven and Earth bestow riches and various wealth and treasure hundredfold! HYMN CLX. 4 Among the skilful Gods most skilled is he. Heaven and Earth. who made the two world-halves which bring prosperity to all. Two Bowls of noble kind: between these Goddesses the God. Thereto for his bright milk he milked through all the days the party-coloured Cow and the prolific Bull. Whereby we may extend ourselves ever over the folk. 5 Extolled in song. HYMN CLXI. having Gods for progeny.HYMN CLIX. 2 With invocations. travels by fixed decree. bestow prosperity on all. 3 These Sons of yours well skilled in work. of wondrous power. Sage. great glory and high lordly sway. Prolific Parents. the beautiful. mighty. They. 3 Son of these Parents. and send us strength that shall deserve the praise of men. the Father and the Mother keep all creatures safe: The two world-halves. sanctifies the worlds with his surpassing power. weave within the sky. and stablished them with pillars that shall ne'er decay. Heaven and Earth. through wonderworking wisdom bring forth choicest boons. O Heaven and Earth. Holy Ones and wise. brought forth to life the two great Mothers first of all. conjoined with Gods. the spirited. and for their brood all round wide immortality. yea. a web for ever new. 1 WHY hath the Best. To keep the truth of all that stands and all that moves. bestow on us. Who. because the Father hath clothed them in goodly forms. they have made the world of life. he the Priest with power to cleanse. the fulgent Sun. ye mighty Pair. Rbhus. why hath the Youngest come to us? Upon what . in the depths of sea.

speaking the words of truth. A cow must be created. Sudhanvan's Sons. ye will do this thing ye shall participate in sacrifice with Gods. or drink ye this. unto that ancient Pair ye gave again their youth. your sleeping in the house of him whom naught can hide. concealed himself among the Consorts of the Gods. ye had done ye questioned thus. obtained your share in sacrifice. If ye approve not even this. compassing them round. Vaja to the Gods. where had the venerable Parents their abode? Ye laid a curse on him who raised his arm at you: to him who spake aloud to . another trims the flesh brought on the carving-board. most excellent is Agni. a chariot fashioned here. 9 Most excellent are waters. Brother. We. Let us slay these men who have reviled the chalice. ye glided through the worlds. Brhaspati hath brought the Cow of every hue. 4 When thus. and under these new names the Maiden welcomed them. Out of a horse. How did the Parents aid their children in their task! 11 On the high places ye have made the grass for man. 12 As. therefore am I come. praised the goodness of the wood. O Men. thus another said. 5 As Tvastar thus had spoken. Whither went he who came to us a messenger? Then Tvastar. Ye went as Rbhus.embassy comes he? What have we said? We have not blamed the chalice of illustrious birth. the Asvins' car is horsed. were the words ye spake to them. 6 Indra hath yoked his Bays. Rbhus. and skilled in war. when he viewed the four wrought chalices. One carries off the refuse at the set of sun. thus said one of you. and went unto the Gods. They gave themselves new names when Soma juice was shed. Brother Agni. by your skill. 10 One downward to the water drives the crippled cow. 3 What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake. ye formed a horse: a chariot ye equipped. Sudhanvan's Sons. and water in the valleys. Vibhvan. A courser must be made. 2 The chalice that is single make ye into four: thus have the Gods commanded. and the Twain made young. Then did ye shape the cups. O Sudhanvan's Children. O Rbhus. the rinsing of the Munja-grass. Another praised to many a one the lightning cloud. 7 Ye by your wisdom brought a cow from out a hide. drinking-cup of Gods. we turn to you. 8 Drink ye this water. When we have done these things. If. ye iterate not to-day that act of yours. then at the third libation gladden ye yourselves.

or the Maruts.-among the Gods. Rbhuksan. well finished. SLIGHT us not Varuna.-among the Gods. the Charger with his smooth back is come my prayer attends him. the grasped oblation. thus ye asked.you ye spake again. too.-may the approving help of these promote our work. ministering priest. acceptable for sacrifice. to the place dear to Indra and to Pusan. the head-stall and the girths and cords about him. The dappled goat goeth straightforward. 14 The Maruts move in heaven. HYMN CLXIL The Horse. Or to the slayer's hands and nails adhereth. 6 The hewers of the post and those who carry it. who goeth to the Gods as meet oblation. ye Rbhus. 1. 4 When thrice the men lead round the Steed. O thou whom naught may hide. in a full year. is first led forward with the vigorous Courser. When we declare amid the congregation the virtues of the strong Steed. While Tvastar sends him forward with the Charger. In him rejoice the singers and the sages. to glory. and those who carve the knob to deck the Horse's stake. through the midfirmament the Wind approaches. too. the share of Pusan. or is left sticking to the post or hatchet. 13 When ye had slept your fill. who now hath wakened us? The goat declared the hound to be your wakener. 3 Dear. do ye fill full the channels of the rivers. God-descended. With this well ordered sacrifice. bleating. And the grass put within his mouth to bait him. for the regions of the Gods. in order. covered with trappings and with wealth. Ayu. Those who prepare the cooking-vessels for the Steed. Indra. may all . reciter. sage. and to the Gods the sacrifice announceth. A good friend have we won for the Gods' banquet. the share of Pusan. 8 May the fleet Courser's halter and his heel-ropes. Aryaman. this goat. That day. let all these be with thee. desirous of your presence. or Mitra. atoner. on earth this Agni. The goat precedeth him. to all Gods. O Sons of Strength. 9 What part of the Steed's flesh the fly hath eaten. ye first unclosed our eyes. fire-kindler Soma-presser. 7 Forth. 5 Invoker. Varuna comes in the sea's gathered waters. 2 What time they bear before the Courser.

smoke-scented. and consecrated. as with the oblations' ladle at sacrifices. thou art not injured: by easy paths unto the Gods thou goest. mangle thy limbs unduly. as grateful to the Gods. missing the joints. beloved. And. the covers of the dishes. 14 The starting-place. 12 They who observing that the Horse is ready call out and say. let not the hatchet linger in thy body.-this is the custom-two there are who guide him. the heel-ropes. kin to the Gods. -among the Gods. the ropes wherewith the Charger's feet were fastened. This let the immolators set in order and dress the sacrifice with perfect cooking. craving meat. 11 What from thy body which with fire is roasted. The halters which restrain the Steed. The water that he drank. 17 If one.-all these attend the Charger. Let not a greedy clumsy immolator. 21 No. 20 Let not thy dear soul burn thee as thou comest. with my prayer I banish. Let not that lie on earth or grass neglected. they offer. too. All these thy woes. 18 The four-and-thirty ribs of the. . 13 The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron. when seated. amid the balls. make thee crackle. 15 Let not the fire. -may their approving help promote labour. the upper covering and the golden trappings. 10 Food undigested steaming from his belly. The warming-pots. the food he tasted. his place of rest and rolling. and any odour of raw flesh remaining.-such Charger do the Gods accept with favour. these. remove it.this be with thee. await the distribution. Such of his limbs as I divide in order. Cut ye with skill. here thou diest not. when thou art set upon the spit. Offered. the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled. may all these attend thee. 16 The robe they spread upon the Horse to clothe him.-all these. Swift Charger. hooks. 19 Of Tvastar's Charger there is one dissector. with excessive urging hath with his heel or with his whip distressed thee. in fire I offer. the smell is good. carving-boards. distilleth. but to the longing Gods let all be offered. so that the parts be flawless. the slayer's hatchet pierces. nor glowing caldron smell and break to pieces. and piece by piece declaring them dissect them. approved.

thou hast in heaven that bind thee. thou swallowest the plants most greedy eater. the Courser. . O Vasus.good horses. Here have I seen the auspicious reins that guide thee. 5 Here-. The Horse. are the places where they groomed thee. Thou art divided thoroughly from Soma. three in the waters. O Horse. pleasant to travel. the bridegroom. Trita art thou by secret operation. 8 After thee. WHAT time. come the car. The Gods have come that they may taste the oblation of him who mounted. 4 Three bonds. eager to win thee food at the Cow's station. thou art Aditya. matchless in glory. 3 Yama art thou. They say thou hast three bonds in heaven that hold thee. the kine come after. and the charm of maidens. O Steed. wealth in good kine. and eagle pinions. Limbs of the deer hadst thou. and to the ass's pole is yoked the Charger. three within the ocean. first springing into life. 6 Thyself from far I recognized in spirit. first of all. His bridle the Gandharva grasped. proceeding from the sea or upper waters. O Courser. though swift as thought. manly offspring. 1.-a Bird that from below flew through the heaven. is Indra. thy birth is nigh and must be lauded. 7 Here I beheld thy form. which those who guard the holy Law keep safely. 9 Horns made of gold hath he: his feet are iron: less fleet than he. Whene'er a man brings thee to thine enjoyment. here are the traces of thy hoofs as winner. I saw thy head still soaring. 22 May this Steed bring us all-sustaining riches. Courser. striving upward by paths unsoiled by dust. thou neighedst. from out the Sun ye fashioned forth the Courser. the first of all. Full companies have followed for thy friendship: the pattern of thy vigour Gods have copied. there where they say is thy sublimest birth-place. both spotted mares are now thy fellows. Freedom from sin may Aditi vouchsafe us: the Steed with our oblations gain us lordship! HYMN CLXIII. Courser. hath Indra mounted. 2 This Steed which Yama gave hath Trita harnessed. and him.Both Bays. To me thou seernest Varuna . they say.

as one all ignorant for sake of knowledge. 11 A body formed for flight hast thou. wearing his vesture. Forth from his head the Cows draw milk. 8 The Mother gave the Sire his share of Order: with thought. pondering with a mind directed God-ward. in spirit undiscerning. Seven Sisters utter songs of praise together. have reached the heavenly causeway. bearing seven names the single Courser draws it. like swans in lengthened order. the sages. HYMN CLXIV. For up above the yearling Calf the sages.10 Symmetrical in flank. 2 Seven to the one-wheeled chariot yoke the Courser. to form a web. in whom the names of the seven Cows are treasured. is come unto his Father and his Mother. sound and undecaying. 1. The goat who is his kin is led before him the sages and the singers follow after. The third is he whose back with oil is sprinkled. and. the Steeds. those who know. whereon are resting all these worlds of being. with eld grey-coloured. seen how the boneless One supports the bony? Where is the blood of earth. their own seven threads have woven. This day shall he approach the Gods. seven in tale. the spirit? Who may approach the man who knows. the life. OF this benignant Priest. with rounded haunches. Here I behold the Chief with seven male children. I ask of these the Gods' established places. to ask it? 5 Unripe in mind. O Charger. most welcome: then he declares good gifts to him who offers. 3 The seven who on the seven-wheeled car are mounted have horses. at first. 4 Who hath beheld him as he sprang to being. the Celestial Coursers Put forth their strength. with their foot have drunk the water. when they. Thy horns are spread abroad in all directions: they move with restless beat in wildernesses. she . mettled like heroes. this lovely Bird's securely founded station. Visvedevas. 7 Let him who knoweth presently declare it . 12 The strong Steed hath come forward to the slaughter. 13 The Steed is come unto the noblest mansion. Three-naved the wheel is. unknowing. who draw them onward. the brother midmost of the three is lightning. 6 I ask. swift as the wind in motion is thy spirit. What was that ONE who in the Unborn's image hath stablished and fixed firm these worlds' six regions.

single he stood erect: they never make him weary. 13 Upon this five-spoked wheel revolving ever all living creatures rest and are dependent. 16 They told me these were males. steeds bear as 'twere yoked to . bearing her calf at foot the Cow hath risen. above this lower. Children of Gods. She. Then the Calf lowed. heavy-laden. Indra and Soma. seven hundred Sons and twenty stand. six-spoked car. that the father of this Calf discerneth beneath the upper realm. those that depart they call directed hither. 15 Of the co-born they call the seventh single-born. Their good gifts sought of men are ranged in order due. to what place hath she departed? Where calves she? Not amid this herd of cattle. 9 Yoked was the Mother to the boon Cow's car-pole: in the dank rows of cloud the Infant rested. O Agni. 10 Bearing three Mothers and three Fathers. the Cow who wears all shapes in three directions. was filled with dew prolific: with adoration men approached to praise her. Witherward. joined in pairs together. 11 Formed with twelve spokes. may here declare it? Whence hath the Godlike spirit had its rising? 19 Those that come hitherward they call departing. the six twin pairs are called Rsis. is mounted on the lower seven-wheeled. of twelve forms. There on the pitch of heaven they speak together in speech all-knowing but not all-impelling. 18 Who. 17 Beneath the upper realm. And what so ye have made. 12 They call him in the farther half of heaven the Sire five-footed. with its felly: ten draw it. rolls round the heaven this wheel of during Order. the coy Dame. God with far-seeing eyes. and looked upon the Mother. and various in their form move for the Lord who guides. The son who is a sage hath comprehended: who knows this rightly is his father's father. unwasting.wedded him in spirit. unweakened. Showing himself a sage. yoked to the far-stretching car-pole. 14 The wheel revolves. Herein established. above the lower. These others say that he. is not heated: the nave from ancient time remains unbroken. The Sun's eye moves encompassed by the region: on him dependent rest all living creatures. the blind discerns not. wealthy in watery store. though truly females: he who hath eyes sees this. by length of time. Its axle.

is come hither yearning in spirit for her calf and lowing. turned to lightning. the other eating not regardeth only. to form it. One of the twain eats the sweet Fig-tree's fruitage. where they all rest and procreate their offspring. Sama with praise-song. 25 With Jagati the flood in heaven he stablished. The triplet witli the two or four-foot measure. The caldron is made hot. deft of hand. by offerings to the Dead he moveth Immortal One.Upon its top they say the fig is luscious none gaineth it who knoweth not the Father. lady of all treasure. she licks his forehead. and may she prosper to our high advantage.. 28 The cow hath lowed after her blinking youngling. 27 She. Living. How on the Jagati was based the Jagati. may drain her. 30 That which hath breath and speed and life and motion lies firmly stablished in the midst of houses. and. 31 I saw the Herdsman. 23 How on the Gayatri. three brands for kindling: hence it excels in majesty and vigour. and suckles him with milk while gently lowing. they say. knit with bonds of friendship. tree whereon the fine Birds eat the sweetness. by whom encompassed round the Cow laws as she clings unto the shedder of the rain. hath entered into me the simple. I will proclaim it. as she lows. him who never stumbles. and with the syllable they form seven metres. in the same sheltering tree have found a refuge. 22 The. Gavatri hath. and saw the Sun in the Rathantara Saman. hath stripped off her covering robe. 29 He also snorts. 20 Two Birds with fair wings. She with her shrilling cries hath humbled mortal man. how from the Tristup they fashioned the Tristup forth. wise. There is the Universe's mighty Keeper.they who know this have won themselves immortal life. His mouth she fondly calls to her warm udder. May Savitar give goodliest stimulation. and the sacred synods. triplet with the Tristup. approaching by his . 26 I invocate the milch-cow good for milking so that the milker. 21 Where those fine Birds hymn ceaselessly their portion of life eternal. 24 With Gayatri he measures out the praise-song. the brother of the mortal. May this cow yield her milk for both the Asvins. who.the region's car-pole. the Gayatri was based.

this sacrifice of ours is the world's centre. seed: their functions they maintain by Visnu's ordinance. 35 This altar is the earth's extremest limit. 39 Upon what syllable of holy praise-song. at every season. and coming hitherward drink limpid water. grasped by strength inherent. 32 He who hath made him cloth not comprehend him: from him who saw him surely is he hidden. fettered in my mind I wander. where is the centre of the world. thereby the world's four . 36 Seven germs unripened yet are heaven's prolific.Who knows not this. 37 What thing I truly am I know not clearly: mysterious. When the first-born of holy Law approached me. He. forward goes he. Between the wide-spread world-halves is the birthb-place: the Father laid the Daughter's germ within it. they compass us about present on every side. the Gods repose them. 33 Dyaus is my Father. I ask of highest heaven where Speech abideth. and fail to mark the other. 42 From her descend in streams the seas of water. This great earth is my kin and Mother. she. I ask thee. this Brahman highest heaven where Speech abideth. the Immortal born the brother of the mortal Ceaseless they movelnopposite directions: men mark the one. 1ask thee of the Stallion's seed prolific. The Stallion's seed prolific is the Soma. hath sunk into destruction. clothed with gathered and diffusive splendour. what will he do with praise-song? But they who know it well sit here assembled. yet enveloped in his Mother's bosom. O Cow. my begetter: kinship is here. within the worlds continually travels. the thou sandsyllabled in the sublimest heaven. 41 Forming the water-floods. the buffalo hath lowed. and may we also be exceeding wealthy. 38 Back. then of this speech I first obtain a portion. as twere their highest heaven. source of much life. Feed on the grass. 341ask thee of the earth's extremest limit. one-footed or twofooted or fourfooted. 40 Forunate mayst thou be with goodly pasture.pathways and departing. He. Who hath become eight-footed or hath got nine feet. Endued with wisdom through intelligence and thought.

Varuna. 44 Three with long tresses show in ordered season. but his figure. and the wheel is single. What man hath understood it? Therein are set together spokes three hundred and sixty. spring of pleasure. wherewith thou feedest all things that are choicest. 52 The Bird Celestial. the sweep is seen. Wealth-giver. Him who delighteth us with rain in season. sages give many a title they call it Agni. Gods of old. WITH what bright beauty are the Maruts jointly invested. Again descend they from the seat of Order. up to the heaven they fly robed in the waters. These were the customs in the days aforetime. Agni. free bestower. that we may drain it. Matarisvan. 43 I saw from far away the smoke of fuel with spires that rose on high o'er that beneath it. treasure. and all the earth is moistened with their fatness. the Brahmans who have understanding know them. Three kept in close concealment cause no motion. 50 By means of sacrifice the Gods accomplished their sacrifice: these were the earliest ordinances. 49 That breast of thine exhaustless. Mitra. vast with noble pinion. 45 Speech hath been measured out in four divisions.regions have their being. Indra. these Heroes? 2 Whose prayers have they. accepted? Who to his . Yama. The Mighty Men have dressed the spotted bullock. peers in age. are dwelling. Thence flows the imperishable flood and thence the universe hath life. the germ of waters. Sarasvan I invoke that he may help us. 51 Uniform. One of them sheareth when the year is ended. there where the Sadhyas. and fires re-animate the heaven. with the passing days. 48 Twelve are the fellies. the Youthful Ones. 1.-bring that. men speak only the fourth division. These Mighty Ones attained the height of heaven. The tempest-clouds give life to earth. three are the naves. who dwell together? From what place have they come? With what intention? Sing they their strength through love of wealth. HYMN CLXV. Sarasvati. finder. and he is heavenly nobly-winged Garutman. 46 They call him Indra. which in nowise can be loosened. this water mounts and fails again. of speech. Maruts. 47 Dark the descent: the birds are golden-coloured. To what is One. One with his powers the universe regardeth: Of one. the lovely germ of plants.

assisting their devotions. we Maruts. I bent away from every foeman's weapons. 11 Now. for Indra. may accomplish. when we will it. O Maruts I.sacrifice hath turned the Maruts? We will delay them on their journey sweeping-with what high spirit!-through the air like eagles. O ye Maruts. with manly valour like thine own. O Maruts. 8 Vrtra I slew by mine own strength. 4 Mine are devotions. am the Lord of what I ruined. stands firm before thee. now we harness. Our spotted deer with might. None born or springing into life comes nigh thee. having waxed mighty in mine indignation. exceeding mighty? 10 Mine only be transcendent power. Much may we too achieve. champion strong in battle. These my Bay Steeds bear me to these oblations. yourselves. hast learnt and understood our Godlike nature. among the Gods not one is found thine equal. Lord of Bay Steeds. When I have seen you. for thou. O ye lovers. they send forth their sheen to meet me. thou who art mighty. 6 Where was that nature then of yours. their lauds are longing for me. the glorious hymn which ye have made me. for me. Indra. ye have delighted me. Ye Radiant Ones. O Indra. that ye charged me alone to slay the Dragon? For I in truth am fierce and strong and mighty. O Maruts. 13 Who here hath magnified you. as lovers for a lover. Indra. 12 Here. Matuts. so now delight me. 7 Yea. For I am known as terrible. hath your praise rejoiced me. 9 Nothing. hymns. They call for me. Strength stirs. Do what thou hast to do. to your lovers. sweet are libations. 5 Therefore together with our strong companions. in gay splendour. much hast thou achieved with us for comrades. Heroes! For me. of these my holy rites he ye . Lord of the Brave? What is thy purpose? Thou greetest us when meeting us the Bright Ones. O mightiest Indra. whatever I. O Maghavan. having adorned our bodies. and hurled forth is my bolt of thunder. with our great power. truly. O ye Maruts? speed forward. I with the thunder in my hand created for man these lucid softly flowing waters. wearing their blameless glory and their vigour. 3 Whence comest thou alone. thou Hero. say what thou hast against us. daring in my spirit.

O Maruts. may this your song. bringer of oblations. as aids the poet him who worships. and shaken heaven's high back in their heroic strength. at sacrifices glorified. achieve your deeds of strength. O Maruts loud of voice. all dwellings are afraid. aid the shrubs fly before you swift as whirling wheels. ye with ne'er-diminished host. for brilliant is your coming with your spears advanced. free from ill-will. 4 Ye who with mighty powers have stirred the regions up. O Maruts. in your cars are all things that are good: great powers are set as 'twere in rivalry therein. Where'er your lightning bites armed with its gory teeth it crunches up the cattle like a well-aimed dart. 3 To whomsoever. their primeval might. Each sovran of the forest fears as ye drive near. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. 1. so as to aid. like loving friends.The man whom ye the fierce. Bring hither quick! On to the sage. May we find strengthening food in full abundance! HYMN CLXVI. Rings are upon your shoulders when ye journey forth: your axle turns . Mighty Ones. self-strong they fail not him who offers sacrifice. Mana's son. 5 When they in dazzling rush have made the mountains roar.regardful. All creatures of the earth. 8 With castles hundredfold. your coursers have sped forth directed by themselves. for the vigorous company the herald of the Strong One. with battle. the Mighty ones who roar. have given plenteous wealth. 14 To this hath Minya's wisdom brought us. ye Maruts! These prayers for you the singer hath recited. with grcat benevolence fulfil our heart's desire. 9 O Maruts. Mandarya. sung by the poet. The Rudras come with succour to the worshipper. They sing their song aloud that they may drink sweet juice: well do they know the Hero's first heroic deeds. guard ye well the man whom ye have loved from ruin and from sin. 2 Bringing the pleasant mcath as 'twere their own dear son. For him. the Maruts bringing bliss bedew the regions round with milk abundantly. preserve from calumny by cherishing his seed. 7 Givers of during gifts whose bounties never fail. 6 Terrible Maruts. they sport in sportive wise gay at their gatherings. Maruts. 15 May this your praise. With fire upon your way. they immortal guardians. Now let us publish.

and glistering ornaments. eloquent dame. Indra. 10 Held in your manly arms are many goodly things. like a spear carried rearward. Wealth of a thousand sorts hast thou to cheer us: may precious goods come nigh to us in thousands. gold chains are on your chests. but wished for her to grow their friend and fellow. thy choice refreshments. 5 When chose immortal Rodasi to follow. approach us. O ye Maruts. Immortals. HYMN CLXVII. Mandarya. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. among them. Maruts. joined with Indra. on their fellies knives: they spread their glory out as birds spread out their wings. let me complete the rite with these oblations. Mana's son. visible from afar as 'twere with stars of heaven. Having vouchsafed to man a hearing through this prayer. she like Surya with cloud-like motion and . 12 This is your majesty. never-weary Maruts cling to the young Maid as a joint possession. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. far as the sway of Adid your bounty spreads. Well grasped.she with loose tresses and heroic spiritShe climbed her servant's chariot. O Indra: a thousand. O Maruts. we may long time flourish through your abundant riches. The fierce Gods drave not Rodasi before them. O swift movers. passing strong. 3 Close to them clings one moving in seclusion.together both the chariot wheels. with protection. 1. bright. shout forth all around. sung by the poet. 13 This is your kinship. ye were oft in olden time regardful of our call. like to a courtly. Lord of Bays. And that our men may spread in the encampment. with best boons brought from lofty heaven. Even Indra by desertion never disannuls the boon bestowed by you upon the pious man. 15 May this your laud. 4 Far off the brilliant. A THOUSAND are thy helps for us. the Maruts. Deer-skins are on their shoulders. 2 May the most sapient Maruts. 11 Mighty in mightiness. may this your song. that. like a man's wife. 14 That. pervading. Lovely with pleasant tongues. Maruts. decked with gold there is Vak also. Now when their team of the most noble horses speeds even on the sea's extremest limit. sweet singers with their mouths. by wondrous deeds the Heroes have displayed their might. ye Maruts nobly born.

3 They who. With your own lash. moveth you by himself. Like as the countess undulations of the floods. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. and. self-born. Bring offspring for ourselves with. mighty in assemblies. and let us call on him in fight to-morrow. like bullocks and like kine. like Somas with their well-grown stalks pressed out. who gives choice oblations. 6 Upon their car the young men set the Maiden wedded to glory. So may I turn you hither with fair hymns of praise to give great succour for the weal of both the worlds. O Maruts. Maruts. strong-minded. Maruts. SWIFT gain is his who hath you near at every rite: ye welcome every song of himwho serves the Gods. Unstained by dust the Maruts. their real greatness. as with the tongue his jaws? Ye rush from heaven's floor as though ye sought for food. have cast down e'en firm things. New might attend us daily! So be with us! Rbhuksan of the Heroes! 11 May this your laud. 9 None of us. she though firm. sung by the poet. may this your song. 4 Self-yoked they have descended lightly from the sky. with them. 2 Surrounding. worthy of praise when near. 5 Who among you. Upon their shoulders rests as 'twere a warrior's spear and in their hand they hold a dagger and a ring. O Maruts armed with lightning-spears. on many errands . they spring to life the shakers-down of food and light. How. Immortals. So were we erst. discovers worthless sinners Firm things are overthrown that ne'er were shaken: he prospers. haughty.refulgent aspect. 8 Mitra and Varuna they guard from censure: Aryaman too. 1. HYMN CLXVIII. When your song. dwell there in friendly wise. Maruts. armed with their shining spears. imbibed within the heart. food to feed us. near or at a distance. the Soma-pourer sang his hymn in worship. as it were. Maruts. 10 May we this day be dearest friends of Indra. Mandarya. worthy to be lauded. hath ever reached the limit of your vigour. rose. Mana's son. mighty in their strength. travels to women happy in their fortune. They in courageous might still waxing boldly have compassed round their foemen like an ocean. urge yourselve's to speed. with oblation. self-powerful. 7 I will declare the greatness of these Maruts.

Now may these Maruts show us loving-kindness. 6 Bring forth the Men who rain down boons. Maruts. Mandarya. 1. spreading far. dazzling. from great treachery these who approach us. are most bounteous riches that further every one who lives uprightly.like the Sun's diurnal Steed. May hymns that please thee cause the breast of Vayu to swell as with the mead's refreshing sweetness. as guerdon won by mightiest donation. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. As. Nurtured together they begat the monster. 8 The rivers roar before your chariot fellies when they are uttering the voice of rain-clouds. 10 May this your laud. may this your song O Maruts. So. The lightnings laugh upon the earth beneath them. 3 That spear of thine sat firm for us. is the lowest depth that ye have reached. fall of plenteousness. O Indra: the Maruts set their whole dread power in motion. O Indra. where. then. E'en Agni shines resplendent in the brush-wood: the viands hold him as floods hold an island. as of immortal Gods. Indra. Indra. When ye cast down like chaff the firmly stablished pile. yea. O Maruts. Auspicious is your gift like a free giver's meed. and then looked round them for the food that strengthens. Indra. Controller of the Maruts grant us their blessings. 2 The various doings of all mortal people by thee are ordered. what time the Maruts scatter forth their fatness. for they are thy dearest. marking well. Gods who of old were ever prompt to help us. to fight the mighty battle. 6 Say where. victorious. in thy wisdom. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. . with fruit mature. is this mighty region's farthest bound. sung by the poet Mana's son. with heavenly light. 4 Vouchsafe us now that opulence. O Indra. The host of Marutg goeth forth exulting to win the light-bestowing spoil of battle. the glittering army of the restless Maruts. 5 With thee. and from the mountain send the glittering water-flood? 7 Your winning is with strength. 9 Prani brought forth. from great treason thou protectest. HYMN CLXIX. O Indra: exert thee in the great terrestrial region.

May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Thou. O Maruts. that the Immortal may observe. may all our days that are to follow be very pleasant. 2 The Maruts are thy brothers. 1. and swiftly moving. praised by us. speak thou kindly with the Maruts. ye Gods. 4 Let them prepare the altar. HYMN CLXX. 2 Maruts. these have we set aside: for this forgive us. and do not slay us in the fight. To you I come with this mine adoration..For their broad-chested speckled deer are standing like a King's armies on the field of battle. and taste oblations in their proper season. 4 I fled in terrror from this mighty Indra. brother. shall be most propitious. why dost thou neglect us. lauded. O Indra. 3 The Maruts. thou who art our friend? We know the nature of thy mind. HYMN CLXXI. Why. and with a hymn I crave the Strong Ones' favour A hymn that truly makes you joyful. Come ye to us. rejoicing in your spirit. wouldst thou take our lives? Agree with them in friendly wise. 5 Thou. glittering. Verity thou wilt give us naught. gifts of cattle foremost. 3 Agastya. Maruts. my body trembling in alarm. shall show us favour. thou. Oblations meant for you had been made ready. 5 By whom the Manas recognize the day-springs. Maghavan. 7 Heard is the roar of the advancing Maruts. art praised with Gods who must be lauded. by whose strength at the dawn of endless mornings. Lord of friends. is offered. lovely and triumphant. formed in the mind and heart. gifts universal. Who with their rush o'erthrow as 'twere a sinner the mortal who would fight with those who love him 8 Give to the Manas. terrific. Indra. to-morrow naught. Who comprehends the mystery? We must address ourselves unto another's thought. and lost is then the hope we formed. Indra with Maruts. 1. . art thy friends' best supporter. Maruts. Lord of Wealth. for ye are they who make our prayer effective. Maruts. O Indra. art Master of all treasures. to you this laud with prayer and worship. Maruts. Suppress your anger and unyoke your horses. God. NAUGHT is to-day. let them kindle fire in front: we two Here will spread sacrifice for thee.

who gleam as serpents gleam. the pious bring their strengthinspiring praises. guard the conquering Heroes. HYMN CLXXIII. 1. That the milk-giving cows may. Hero. who roamest in the van. 6 Him who surpasses heroes in his greatness: the earth and heavens suffice not for his girdles. the wise. car-borne and swift to move like the Nasatyas. Maruts. Stronger in war than those who fight against him. Praised God! the glad priest brings his heart's devotion. May Indra. Maruts. 3 May the Priest come circling the measured stations. and joy. 2 Let the Bull sing with Bulls whose toil is worship. God-like. THE praise-song let him sing forth bursting bird-like: sing we that hymn which like heaven's light expandeth. with a loud roar like some wild beast that hungers. victorious and bestowing. Trnskanda's folk. 8 Libations in the sea to thee are pleasant. guardian of the brave in battles. wears the heaven as 'twere a frontlet. ye free givers. HYMN CLXXII. 2 Far be from us. 7 Thee. O Maruts. Let the Horse neigh led near. glory with Maruts. in the Chieftain. the holy youth presents twofold oblation. and rid thee of thy wrath against the Maruts. 1. unimpeded call to the sacred grass the Gods' assembly. 4 To him we offer welcomest oblations.Give us. the car-borne Warrior. Indra. fierce with the fierce. when thy divine Floods come to cheer these people. wondrous with help. the Strong who givest triumph. thou Mighty. and with him bring the earth's autumnal fruitage. borne by strong steeds. Indra. 3 O Bounteous Givers. wondrous in his might. With them. your impetuous shaft. and. touch ye not. 5 Praise thou that Indra who is truly mighty. 6 Do thou. Far from us be the stone ye hurl. WONDERFUL let your coming be. O Indra. for his great actions. accept them. let the Steer bellow: let the Voice go between both worlds as herald. O Maruts. ye Bounteous Ones. . Indra endues the earth to be his garment.-to draw thee hither. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Maghavan the Hero. the hosts agree beside the Soma. who kills enclosing darkness. Lift ye us up that we may live.

him in whom thou joyest: the dark-red horses of the Wind are docile. to seek. As pleasure at the ford invites the thirsty. when he goes around angry in spirit. find us hereby advancement. O Asura. made strong by impulse.To thee the Cow is sum of all things grateful when with the wish thou seekest men and princes. and gavest his foe a prey to youthful Purukutsa. O Indra. 9 So may we in this One be well befriended. Maghavan. our saver. O Indra: Lord of Bay Steeds. 13 Addressed to thee is this our praise. 12 Let us not here contend with Gods. Thou stirredst. his song who pours oblations. That Indra still may linger at our worship. 3 With whom thou drivest troops whose lords are heroes. to comfort. art faithful. preserve us. HYMN CLXXIV. and bringest daylight now. 2 Indra. our Friend be Indra. and let the Thunderer go to meet the foemen. thou humbledst tribes that spake with insult by breaking down seven autumn forts. rest in this earthly station. as one led swift to work. 6 Thou Indra. whose Friends the bounteous Maruts honour. yea. . THOU art the King of all the Gods. for here. Lord of Bays. O Indra. to hear our praises. 1. for kine. shall. Thou Lord of Heroes. 11 For every sacrifice makes Indra stronger. the battle. well aided as it were through praise of chieftains. With them guard lion-like wasting active Agni to dwell in our tilled fields and in our homestead. 5 Indra. very rich. is thine own portion. as the long way brings him who gains his object. wielder of the thunder. The Great. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. hast slain the vexers of thy friends. O Indra: protect the men. the victory-giver. much worshipped Indra. their refuge. To loose the floods. Let the Sun roll his chariot wheel anear us. So mayst thou lead us on. Blameless! billowy floods. who give not. bear Kutsa. O God. his Bays he mounted boldly seized the booty. Indra. 4 They through the greatness of thy spear. as with a stream. 10 Like men in rivalry extolling princes. to thy praise. O Mighty One. Like true friends of some city's lord within them held in good rule with sacrifice they help him.

O Indra. Indra. winner of the spoil. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. pierce Indra in thy strength. thou stolest Sarya's chariot wheel. mayst thou be ours in all occasions. urgest to speed the car of man. 7 Indra. 3 Thou. protector of the men. immortal conquering in fight. hard to reach. most splendid is thine active power. Victorious. Hero. Conqueror! 4 Empowered by thine own might. O Indra. 2 Let our strong drink. GLAD thee: thy glory hath been quaffed. CHEER thee with draughts to win us bliss: Soma. most gentle-hearted. and bowed the godless scorner's deadly weapon. boundest many tribes for ever. mighty. Lord of Bay Steeds. omnipotent to win. For thee the Strong there is strong drink. 10 Indra. thou art supreme in gaining steeds. HYMN CLXXV. to the ancient singers wast ever joy. . When o'er the flood thou broughtest them. as 'twere the bowl's enlivening mead. For whom the sacred food is spread. Thou stormest trembling in thy rage. Giving us victory over all our rivals. HYMN CLXXVI. 6 As thou. delights thee not. 9 A Stormer thou hast made the stormy waters flow down. thou keptest Turvaga and Yadu safely. and to his home brought Kuyavac to slay him. like the running rivers. Mark thou the man who injures us and kill him like the heavenly bolt. as water to the thirsty. Like castles thou hast crushed the godless races. the bard sang forth in inspiration: thou madest earth a covering for the Dasa. Burn. Indra. 5 Most mighty is thy rapturous joy. Maghavan made the three that gleam with moisture. sending bliss. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. exhilarating. O Hero. like a vessel with the flame. O Sage. Thou conqueredst. O Indra. foe-slaying. 1. 2 Make our songs penetrate to him who is the Only One of men. who. 1. So unto thee I sing this invocation. most excellent. 4 Slay everyone who pours no gift. Indra1 bringing gain. as the steer ploughs the barley in. Wherewith. the lawless Dasyu.They who beheld the Friend beside the living were cast aside by thee as they rode onward. 8 These thine old deeds new bards have sung. Thou barest Kutsa with the steeds of Wind to Susna as his death. come to thee. 3 Within whose hands deposited all the Five Peoples' treasures rest. and findest not a foeman nigh.

O Indra. may we find strengthening food in full abundance. if he himself upholds the songs that praise him. Indra.Indra. IF. 3 Victorious with the men. here the victim. here. O Soma. Indra. 5 Thou helpest him the doubly strong whose hymns were sung unceasingly. King of the Races. with the men. yoked by prayer. Indra. Hero in battles. The ever-strengthening song of him who worships is sung in fight amid the .Ascend thou these.are the prayers. Singing. Coursers to thy mighty chariot harnessed. praised.May Indra come to us with life and friendship. Fame-loving. Strewn is thesacred grass: come hither. HYMN CLXXVIII. like water to the thirsty.come. 1. O Indra. come thou highly lauded to the devotions of the singer Mana. called of many. Indra. who cherishes all people. Indra. Indra. thou helpest the mighty in the fray. Will bring his car nigh to the man who offers. with strong Bay Horses. Blast not the wish that would exalt us may I gain all from thee. When Indra fought. Sakra. THE Bull of men. and pay all man's devotions. 4 Here is God-reaching sacrifice. 6 As thou. 4 Yea. So unto thee I sing this invocation. through love of gloryconsumes the sacred food which friends have offered. seatthee and drink: unyoke thy two Bay Coursers. 2 Let not the Sovran Indra disappoint us in what shall bring both Sisters to our dwelling. Indra. having harnessed them. poured. 5 Come to us. Come down to us-ward. 3 Ascend thy mighty car: the mighty Soma is poured for thee and sweets are sprinkled round us. who hearsthe singer's supplication. thou hast given that gracious hearing where with thou helpest those who sang thy praises.Bestow on us what wealth he hath: this even the worshipper awaits. HYMN CLXXVII. Bull of human races. May we find strengthenifig food in full abundance. 1. here is the Soma. Indra. thy. we call thee. to the ancient singers wast ever joy. may we find early through thy succour. hither to me with succour turn having yoked both vigorous Bay Horses! 2 Thy mighty Stallions. and borne by them come hither: with Soma juice out. To him have run the quickly flowing waters.

Agastya being identifiable with the celestial Soma whom Lopamudra. 6 Agastya thus. through age-inducing dawnings. Agastya. that which hath been imbibed within the spirit.a sage of mighty strength . 5 This Soma I address that is most near us. and its Rsis or authors are Lopamudrd. The deified object of this omitted hymn is said to be Rati or Love. Superemus in hac centum artium pugna in qua duas partes convenientes utrinque commovemus. HYMN CLXXIX. Bergaigne is of opinion that the hymn has a mystical meaning. 2 For even the men aforetime. Lopamudra taururn [mariturn suum] ad se detrahit: insipiens illa sapientem anhelantern absorbet. O Maghavan. and complaining of his coldness and neglect. Let husbands still come near unto their spouses. at night and morn. are . See La Religion Vedique. law-fulfillers. may we subdue our foes who count them mighty. To pardon any sins we have committed.clash of voices. and a disciple. who with the Gods declared eternal statutes. Lopamudra is represented as inviting the caresses of her aged husband Agastya. O Indra. toiling with strong endeavour. utrum hinc utrum illinc ab aliqua parte nata sit. and in the second half of stanza 4 the disciple or the poet briefly tells the result of the dialogue. power. Old age impairs the beauty of our bodies. but its connexion with the rest of the hymn is not very apparent. 5Aided by thee. Be our protector. Verily mortal man is full of longings. or institutors of sacrifices. 3 Non inutilis est labor cui Dii favent: nos omnes aemulos et aemulas vincamus.-They have decided. Stanza 5 is supposed to be spoken by the disciple who has overheard the conversation.May we find strengthening food in full abundance. strengthen and increase us. succeeds after long labour in drawing down from his secret dwelling place. 1 'Through many autumns have I toiled and laboured. Agastya responds in stanza 3.both classes. Cherished . progeny and. 4 Cupido me cepit illius tauri [viri] qui me despicit. representing fervent Prayer. ii. wishing for children. Rati. In stanza 6 'toiling with strong endeavour' is a paraphrase and not a translation of the original khanamanah khanitraib (ligonibus fodiens) which Sayana explains by 'obtaining the desired result by means of lauds and sacrifices.' M. 394 f. but have not accomplished: so now let Wives come near unto their husbands. and with the Gods obtained his prayer's fulfilment. By 'both classes' probably priests and princes.

in the raw cow the first milk of the milch-cow. Bergaigne understands the expression to mean the two forms or essences of Soma. tunc discedens pusillaximis huc profectus est. ad se rerahit. presents to you whose form is perfect. the Friend of man. quod vrotentum fuerat. like a pious man. ye Mighty. and the giver of food. Which the bright offerer. 5 Membrum suum virile. most holy. ye Holy. the giver of fuel. by your own natures. cum ed congressus suum semen supra wrrarn effudit. Swift as the wind let the prince please and feast you: he. Rursus illud quod in juvenem filiam sublatum fuerat. M. 8 Ille tauro similis spumam in certamine jactavit. Your greatness compasseth Earth. ye send. 4 Ye made the fierce heat to be full of sweetness for Atri at his wish. 7 Quum pater suam nilam adiverat. mas ille retraxit. semiperfecto opere. ye Mighty. the celestial and the terrestrial.' HYMN CLXXX." ita locutus. shining like a serpent mid trees. "inutiles fuerunt illi mei complexus. burning the people. Asvins. Fire-offering thence is yours. even now do ye O blameless Advins. meath-drinkers! to support and strengthen. Heroes: your car-wheels speed to us like springs of honey. is born. and Waters: decayed for you is sorrow's net. Quasi dextro pede claudus processit. guard the man whose . all praised. 5 Like Tugra's ancient son may I. O Asvins. formaverunt. 1. amorem in puellam pater impleverat. 7 For verily we truthful singers praise you the niggard trafficker is here excluded. like streaming water. 6 Quum jam in medio connessu.meant. 6 When. The prayer is that the Sister may convey you. gains strength for increase. does not approach quickly (by day): the naked (Rakasas approach) not Agni by night. ambo discedentes seminis paulum in terrae superficiem sacrorum sede effusum emiserunt. 9 'The fire. legum sacrarum custodem. non aggressurus. 2 Ye as ye travel overtake the Courser who flies apart. bring you to give your gifts with milk-oblations. Bounteous Ones. 3 Ye have deposited. understanding. LIGHTLY your coursers travel through the regions when round thesea of air your car is flying. Tum Dii benigni precem (brahma) prgeduerunt. overcoming enemies by his might. Now. matured within her. the upholder (of the rite). Heaven. et Vastoshpatim. Your golden fellies scatter drops of moisture: drinking the sweetness ye atend the Mornings. he. ye drive your yoked team downward.

bring you hither. Asvins 1. Disposers! that flows threefold in mighty strength. 6 Forth comes your strong Bull like a cloud of autumn. ye Mighty Ones. Asvins they with roars shall stir the regions. ye who protect mankind and give them treasures. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. according to your wish approach our dwellings. that your new chariot. dearest Pair. HYMN CLXXXI. your celestial coursers. 8 You of a truth day after day. with fair backs. with bodies free from stain. O Asvins. WHAT. for whom we long. for our welfare. rain-drinkers. that ever would be foremost. have mounted. the Victor. O Asvins. the other counts as Heaven's auspicious offspring. 5 May your car-seat. 3 Your car is like a torrent rushing downward: may it come nigh. full of vigour. when we go speeding like the priest of mortals. golden-coloured. 4 Here sprung to life. And give good horses to sacrificers. 7 Your constant song hath been sent forth. 8 This song of bright contents for you is swelling in the men's hall where three-fold grass is. down-gliding. thought-swift. Your strong rain-cloud. famous among mortal heroes. with signs that mark them.ready. Thus lauded. may we. Men shall feed full the bay steeds of the other. is this in strength and riches that ye as Priests are bring from the waters? This sacrifice is your glorification. swift as the tempest. That circles heaven with never-injured fellies. roused with a thousand lauds like sounds of music. Agastya. for our own well-being. Rapid as thought.Car holy. 10 With songs of praise we call to-day. give the suppliant protection moving or resting hear mine invocation. which ye. One of you Prince of Sacrifice.God is near him. they both have sung together. broadseated. O Asvins. hath swollen. Let them feed with the other's ways and vigour: the upper streams have come and do us service. strong. resplendent in their native light. honouring men as . and. Nasatyas! gain our share of riches. O Asvins. 2 May your pure steeds. 9 When with the glory of your car ye travel. that he might win the very plenteous torrent. sending abundant food of liquid sweetness.

HYMN CLXXXII. most Marut-like. ye prudent Ones. THIS was the task. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. of which some winged creature may take hold. come to him who offers gifts. 8 Welcome to you be this the hymn of praises uttered by Manas. full . Bring your full chariot hither heaped with liquid sweet: thereon. threefold. Whereon ye seek the dwelling of the pious. 2 Light rolls your easy chariot faring earthward. 9 The prudent worshipper. mighty. save the son of Tugra. Heroes. ye Mighty? Wherefore linger ye with folk who. plunged in the thick inevitable darkness. singing with devotion. offering not. 7 What tree was that which stood fixed in surrounding sea to which the son of Tugra supplicating clung? Like twigs. this my laud. HYMN CLXXXIII. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. most Indra-like. what time. bore him off safely to your renown. here are Heaven's Sons whose sway blesses the pious man. O Asvins this ye understand. every side the dogs who bark at us: slay ye our foes. 6 Four ships most welcome in the midst of ocean. Asvins. car-borne. Make wealthy every word of him who praises you: accept with favour. ye. 1. and fled with easy flight from out the mighty surge. are held in high esteem? Pass over them. Him who was cast down headlong in the waters. ye Mighty. make ye the niggard's life decay: give light unto the singer eloquent in praise. urged by the Asvins. Asvins. most w6nderful in deed. ye Mvins. 3 What make ye there. ye. 2 Longed for. that hath three wheels and triple seat. for food. both Nasatyas. succourers of Vispala. 4 Crunch up on.'twere with milk's outpouring. Here is the chariot drawn by strong steeds: be ye glad. Appear promptly. Heart-stirring. O Nasatyas. Whereon with God-devoted mind ye brought him forth. he invokes you. When. From this our gathering where we offer Soma. Asvins! praises you as he praises Dawn and Agni. like Pusan. 5 Ye made for Tugra's son amid the water-floods that animated ship with wings to fly withal. MAKE ready that which passes thought in swiftness. Asvins. ye fly like birds with pinions. best charioteers. 1. longed for. whereon.

for him who is more liberal than the godless. Heroes. 5 This praise was made.Whereon ye come unto the house to quicken man and his offspring. 1. Forsake me not. O Nasatyas. ye Mighty. O liberal Lords. Come hitherward by paths which Gods have travelled. O Asvins. approaching the worshipper who turns him to his duties. 3 Nasatyas. full of pleasant juices. sprung from the waters. Pusans. 4 Your grace be with us. HYMN CLXXXIV Asvins. Heaven and Earth. here is your hymn. Like one who goes strai ht to the point directed. mount it. . Purumilha. wondrous fair. let yourselves be joyful. Come hitherward by paths which Gods have travelled. When men are joyful in your glorious actions. Atri bringing oblations all invoke you for protection. glad in our stream of Soma slay the niggards. O Nasatyas. HYMN CLXXXV. 4 Let not the wolf. 2 With us. 3 Ascend your lightly rolling car. with your cars my longing. ye Mighty: yours are these vessels. in Agastya. Graciously hear my hymns and invitations. like ancient times of Varuna the Mighty. O Asvins. to mine invocation. ye Nasatyas. O Asvins. marking. nor pass me by or others. may we find strengthening food in full abundance. Here stands your share.of wisdom. rejoicing. O Heroes. as ye travel. wheresoe'er ye be. Come to our house for us and for our children. to win heroic strength. let not the she-wolf harm you. attend your glory: ye. ye as Gods for glory arranged and set in order Surya's bridal. Heaven's Children. ye who love sweet juices: further the hymn sung by the poet Mana. Your giant steeds move on. ye Bounteous Givers. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. LET us invoke you both this day and after the priest is here with lauds when morn is breaking: Nasatyas. for you with fair adornment by the Manas. May this song. 5 Gotama. 6 We have passed o'er the limit of this darkness: our praise hath been bestowed on you. wait on Dawn Heaven's Daughter. 6 We have passed o'er the limit of this darkness: our praise hath been'bestowed on you.

and manifold. may they attend me with their help and favour.1. 11 Be this my prayer fulfilled. Nearest of Gods be ye with your protection. Be near us. The blessed Pair. for all to hear. 10 Endowed with understanding. to Earth and Heaven. with meeting limits. keep us from reproach and trouble. 8 What sin we have at any time committed against the Gods. Heaven and Earth. whether later? How were they born? Who knoweth it. with the God's protection. 7 Wide. deathless. May we. celestial. Both mid the Gods. Visvedevas. . Protect us. Heaven and Earth. I address you. our house's chieftain. Produce this. whose bounds are distant. protect us. Kissing the centre of the world together. ye Gods. 3 I call for Aditi's unrivalled bounty. preserve me. Father and Mother.-these. Parents of Gods. who bless. Heaven and Earth. vast. who aid with favour. Father and Mother. make the nectar. Protect us. wherewith. the mighty. Heaven and Earth. Enrich the man more liberal than the godless. Heaven and Earth. with your help preserve us. O Earth and Heaven. from fearful danger. from fearful danger. all-sustaining. perfect. Protect us. Twin Sisters lying in their Parents' bosom. for him who lauds you. 4 May we be close to both the Worlds who suffer no pain. 5 Faring together. reverent. from fearful danger. young. from fearful danger. I address at this our worship. Thereof may this our hymn be expiation. from fearful danger. HYMN CLXXXVI. WHETHER of these is elder. Heaven and earth. Who. our friend. 6 Duly I call the two wide seats. Protect us. Heaven and Earth. from fearful danger. ye sages? These of themselves support all things existing: as on a car the Day and Night roll onward. meet for worship. a widespread offspring having feet and moving. beautiful to look on. Protect us. 9 May both these Friends of man. I have uttered this truth. victorious. from fearful danger. the general Parents. though motionless and footless. 2 The Twain uphold. be strong with food rejoicing. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Like your own fon upon his parents' bosom. Protect us. with Day and Night alternate. ye Twain Worlds.

ye Holy. 9 They hasten on to happy termination their orders when they are made known by glory. 4 To you I seek with reverence. all our people. come to our synod. song with milk of various hues within this udder. that yoke swift horses. That all may be promoters of our welfare. 5 May the great Dragon of the Deep rejoice us: as one who nourishes her young comes Sindhu. may Savitar. 7 Him too our hymns delight. That you too. and Pusan. Vata. Varuna concordant. the guest you love most dearly: the Conqueror through our lauds is friendly-minded. Ruler of men. 11 This is my reverent thought of you. 2 To us may all the Gods come trooped together. Night and Morning. destroyers of the foe allies of Mitra. may it inspire you. make you dwell among us. through praises offered as sacred food. like a cow good to milk. That he may be our Varuna rich in glory and send food like a prince praised by the godly. As on a fair bright day the arrow flieth o'er all the barren soil their missiles sparkle. . LOVED of all men. one-minded with the princes at his visit. rest here on heaven and earth with hearts in concord. 10 Incline the Asvins to show grace. To him our songs shall yield themselves like spouses. ye ever-youthful.1. Friendly are Visnu. and with great might preserve our strength from slackness. 6 Moreover Tvastar also shall approach us. armed with mighty weapons. for power and might have they. as strongest of the Heroes. to him the most delightful of the Heroes. their own possession. Hither shall come the Vrtra-slayer Indra. Aryaman. 3 Agni I sing. may gladden. With whom we will incite the Child of Waters whom vigorous course swift as thought bring hither. As Gods whose cars have dappled steeds like torrents. and Rbhuksan so may I bring the Gods to make us happy.Thought. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Mitra. through-our hymn. at your visit. with hope to conquer. like mother cows who lick their tender youngling. 8 So may the Maruts. toiling for the Gods and seeking treasure. Preparing on a common day the praise.

1. thyself. 2 Child of Thyself the sacrifice is for the righteous blent with meath. thee have we chosen for our own. are thine throughout the regions are diffused. By whose invigorating power Trita rent Vrtra limb frorn limb. auspicious with auspicious help. 8 Whatever morsel we consume from waters or from plants of earth. 4 These juices which. Praise of Food. WINNER of thousands. Vanaspati. 3 Come hitherward to us. Perform for us this sacrifice. Health-bringing. Whereon. Now will I glorify Food that upholds great strength. 2 O pleasant Food. O Soma. 10 O Vegetable. Agni. 7 If thou be gone unto the splendour of the clouds. O Food of meath. 4 To seat a thousand Heroes they eastward have strewn the grass with might. good. come. is set the spirit of great Gods. grow thou fat thereby. firm. Bear out oblations. in glorious beauty shine they forth: Let Night and Morning rest them here. 9 Tvastar the Lord hath made all forms and all the cattle of the field Cause them to multiply for us. Sage. Sarasvati. from thee as such have we drawn forth with lauds. we enjoy from thee in milky food or barley-brew. envoy. givest countless gifts. O Food most sweet to taste. Presenting viands thousandfold. many and manifold. 3 Invoked and worthy of our praise bring Gods whose due is sacrifice: Thou. 8 You I address. O Food. 5 These gifts of thine. 6 With gay adornment. April 1. 11 O Food. O Food. From thee who banquetest with Gods. 10 Send to the Gods. Adityas. ye shine forth. wax thou fat thereby. like winds they have their place in heaven. fair to see. 7 Let these two Sages first of all. 6 In thee. and Bharati.HYMN CLXXXVII. O Food of meath. all: Urge ye us on to glorious fame. not unkind. Have poured their streams of holy oil. wide. he wholesome. So be our kind protector thou. 9 What Soma. and Ila. O Food. a dear and guileless friend. prepared for our enjoyment. our sacrificial gifts. and strengthening: Vatapi. from thee who banquetest with us. HYMN CLXXXVIII. Even from thence. Vatapi. thou shinest a God with Gods to-day. Under thy flag brave deeds were done he slew the Dragon with thy help. O Food. the sacrificial draught: . Cake of meal. heralds divine and eloquent. grow thou fat thereby. 5 The sovran all-imperial Doors. kindled. These savours of thy juices work like creatures that have mighty necks. like cows.

make our home again to be a b1ess ing. May we gain countless riches with the sages.Let Agni make the oblations sweet. not to the toothless: give not us up. O Conqueror. thou Conqueror. resplendent. as keen. sweet-tongued and mighty. Agni. 1. I. Remove the sin that makes us stray and wander. 2 On him wait songs according to the season even as a stream of pious men set moving. preceder of the Gods. born after Law. put thou all diseases let them strike lauds that have no saving Agni. refulgent in the dwelling which thou lovest. O Agni.was. the scatheless. Agni. to be adorned. both Gods and mortals listen. God who knowest every sacred duty. well discerning both these classes. to him victorious Agni.GLORIFY thou Brhaspati. most youthful. lead us beyond all danger and affliction. O Holy. Be thou obedient unto man at evening. 3 Far from us. O holy Agni. prosper on their way our sons and offspring. 5 Give not us up a prey to sin. who must be praised with hymns. Agni. God. 2 Lead us anew to happiness. To whom as leader of the song. God. with perpetual succour. the greedy enemy that brings us trouble. is honoured with the sacred song: He glows at offerings blest with Hail! HYMN CLXXXIX. at the sacrifice. let no danger touch him who praises thee today or after. Not to the fanged that bites. with all the Immortal Deities. 8 To him have we addressed our pious speeches. Be unto us a wide broad ample castle bless. most ample adoration will we bring thee. 4 Preserve us. Agni. by eager suitors. HYMN CXC. comest to men at early morn. BY goodly paths lead us to riches. Brhaspati-for helaid out the expanses. 6 Such as thou art. to the spoiler. worthy of lauds. vast Matarisvan. 1. Mana's son. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. From whosoever would reproach or injure: for thou. Brhaspati. . O Agni. 11 Agni. O Agni when lauded give protection to our bodies. 7 Thou. rcscuest from all oppression.

all-seen. may he bring forth. closely looks upon both. Even the Aditya from the hills. who count thee as a worthless bullock. strong and mighty. are observed. most venomous. a wine-skin in a vintner's house. Soma your Brother. go to the skies that change their hue like serpents. the Sun. Munja. 8 Slayer of things unseen. like lurking thieves at evening time. as rivers eddying under banks flow sea-wardBrhaspati the wise.On fools like these no blessing thou bestowest: Brhaspati. like a courser. 6 Like a fair path is he. 4 The cows had settled in their stalls. though hard to win. 5 Those. been brought hither. eastward. 2 Coming. He who gives daily light through this God's wisdom. live on thee the Bounteous. mounts.let the wise worshipper draw it. strong as a dread wild beast. a Friend beloved most early. 5 Or these. with poison have infected me. 10 I hang the poison in the Sun. VENOMOUS. while: they would make them bare. Aditi Your Sister: seeing all. thesereptiles. the eager. keep still and dwell ye happily. the beasts of prey had sought their lairs. HYMN CXCI Water. like hunters' arrows. 8 So hath Brhaspati. Sun. the waters and the vessel. God. as the Sun sends his arms out. destroying things unseen. it kills them as it goes away. with poison have infected me. who scorches much and everything. . Darbha. whatever ye may be. 7 He to whom songs of praise go forth like torrents. Kusara. These of Brhaspati. Those who unharmed by enemies behold us. or venomous aquatic worm. 4 His song of praise pervades the earth and heaven . Grass. the verse that offers adoration.3 The praise. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. slightly venomous. the God exceeding powerful. 1. It kills them as it drives them off. Seers of all. with needle-stings. and Sairya. up. and bruising bruises them to death.Both creatures. Consuming all that are not seen. great. 6 Heaven is your Sire. May he thus lauded give us kine and horses. where grass is pleasant. Unseen. stood closely compassed. and evil spirits of the night. it kills the unobserved. Virana. when things unseen infected me. thou punishest the spiteful. Extinguished were the lights of men. your Mother Earth. and inoffensive. unobserved. vanish together and be gone. unseen. and. wealthy sinners. beheld of all. 7 Biters of shoulder or of limb. themselves unseen: be therefore very vigilant. 9 There hath the Sun-God mounted up. stinging. Where all these creatures dwell unseen. 3 Sara grass.

thou. Brahmanaspati. 2 Thine is the Herald's task and Cleanser's duly timed. so have the maiden Sisters Seven Carried thy venom far away. art brought to life from out the waters. 3 Hero of Heroes. from the stone: From out the forest trees and herbs that grow on ground. with thy wisdom tendest us. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. I crush the creature with a stone. Lord and Master in our home. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. and Kindler for the pious man. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. as Mitra. Thou art Director. thou the ministering Priest: thou art the Brahman. 4 Agni. 15 The poison-insect is so small. thy venom is but weak. departed unto distant lands. Sovran Lord of men art generatad [sic] pure. 13 Of ninety rivers and of nine with power to stay the venom's course. I turn the poison hence away. 16 Forth issuing from the mountain's side the poison-insect spake and said: The scorpion's venom hath no strength Scorpion. adorable: Thou. Agni! Thou art Indra. 14 So have the peahens three-times-seven. Agni.THE SECOND BOOK HYMN I. thou art Visnu of the Mighty Stride. 11 This little bird.The names of all I have secured: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. as girls bear water in their jars. They will not die.He will not die. 1. Agni. THOU. RIG VEDA . Leader art thou. O Sustainer. so very small. 12 The three-times-seven bright sparks of fire have swallowed up the poison's strength. hath swallowed all thy poison up. Wonder- . thou art King Varuna whose laws stand fast. shining in thy glory through the days. She will not die. the Brahman finding wealth: thou.

surpassest them in majesty. and liberal Amsa in the synod. Which. to be their tongue. As Pusan thou thyself protectest worshippers. the folk press forward to their King most graciously inclined. thou art the Lord of food. 7 Giver of wealth art thou to him who honours thee. Bright art thou born. to brotherhood with holy act. Agni. yea thou. 8 To thee. Thou. near to be adored thou art the Sovran Lord of foodful spoil and wealth. 14 By thee. 15 With these thou art united. By thee do mortal men give sweetness to their drink. O thou God. Aryaman. Thou art the hundred-wintered Ila to give strength. art highest vital power. God. diffused . heroes' Lord. Lord of Wealth! Vrtraslayer and Sarasvati. 13 Thee. O Agni. 12 Thou. urging thy fleet coursers. Thou shinest brightly forth. cherished well. hundred. Agni. 5 Thou givest strength. Agni. They who love offerings cling to thee at solemn rites: by thee the Gods devour the duly offered food. As Bhaga. win thee. yea. and guardest in his house him who hath served thee well. all things belong to thee: ten.Worker. art Aditi to him who offers gifts: thou. and as a trusty Friend thou guardest from attack. 11 Thou. granter of precious things. Lord of the lovely look. 6 Rudra art thou. givest noble steeds: a host of heroes art thou with great store of wealth. the people's Lord within the house. through the power of good. Thou art a Son to him who duly worships thee. in thy delightful hue are glories visible. Hotri. thou art God Savitar. as Tvastar. art strengthened by the song. Bharati. 9 Agni. thou burnest to bestow: pervading sacrifice. thou lendest us thine help. the Asura of mighty heaven: thou art the Maruts' host. O Sage. art thou. the embryo of the plants of earth. here spreads abroad from thee. Agni. enrich ing all. Thou goest with red winds: bliss hast thou in thine home. the Bright Ones have made thee. all the Immortal guileless Gods cat with thy mouth the oblation that is offered them. Lord of men! thou rulest over wealth. men seek thee as a Father with their prayers. God of noble birth. brightformed. Thou art the lofty might that furthers each design: thou art wealth manifold. 10 A Rbhu art thou. have the Adityas taken as their mouth. thou must be implored. a thousand are outweighed by thee. to the worshipper: thou wielding Mitra's power hast kinship with the Dames. diffused on every side.

who labours at the pole where deeds of might are done. in hundreds. in the realm of air. WITH sacrifice exalt Agni who knows all life. For our advantage. and like the sky's bright sheen let mornings beam on us. Make Heaven and Earth propitious through the power of prayer. 1.through both the worlds. have they called to thee. Celestial Priest. guerdon graced with kine and steeds. With brave men in the assembly may we speak aloud. Ancient One. 7 Agni. strength that shall bring renown. brilliantly kindled for our weal. give riches thousandfold. like heaven with all the stars. heaven's Lord. fulgent. like doors. to be glorified among the folk. O Agni. 6 Such as thou art.Lead thou both these and us forward to higher bliss. Herald of heaven and earth. men throng to him with offerings and with hymns of praise. doer of wondrous deeds. like milch-kine in their stalls lowing to meet their young. bring Heaven and Earth hither that they may taste oblation brought by man. looking to Gods and men. he quickens earth and sky. like Mitra. may he shine forth with red flame like the realm of light. As messenger of heaven thou lightest all night long the families of men. Thou Lord of precious boons. And over the Five Races let our glory shine high like the realm of light and . 10 Agni. even as he wills. in the vault. Well kindled. Agni. HYMN II. like the Moon waxing. give us great wealth. 9 Song chanted by us men. nobly fed. fair guest of living man and King of all our folk. Bird of the firmament. 4 Him have they set in his own dwelling. has swelled unto the deathless Gods in lofty heavenA milch-cow yielding to the singer in the rites wealth manifold. Raging with jaws of gold among the growing plants. may we show forth our valour with the steed or with the power of prayer beyond all other men. 3 Him have the Gods established at the region's base. Agni. observant with his eyes. 16 The princely worshippers who send to those who sing thy praise. a liberal giver. 8 Enkindled night by night at every morning's dawn.Agni adored in beauteous rites with lauds of men. Agni. unclose to us. worship him 'with oblation and the song of praise. Like a most famous car. Agni the purely bright. God. throughout the earth and heaven. 2 At night and morning. 5 May he as Priest encompass all the sacrifice. guard of the place as 'twere. O Agni. send us riches in thy shine.

the web of worship. thrown open. seated. be in thy keeping still. strewn for wealth' sake. rich in children and their progeny. O Agni. sit all ye Gods. when it shines for never-failing offspring in thine own abode. 6 Good work for us. O Agni. through adorations. Bring thou the Marut host.On this bedewed with oil sit ye. rich in heroes. HYMN III. like gold in hue. interweave in concert the long-extended thread. like female weavers. waxen from aforetime. first.unsurpassable. with power inherent. Help us to wealth exceeding good and glorious. 11 Such. the glorious Night and Morning. 1. 7 Let the two heavenly Heralds. graced with kine and steeds. invoked. With brave men in the assembly may we speak aloud. AGNI is set upon the earth well kindled. 3 Adored in heart. guerdon. Steeping the gift with oil diffusing purpose. everlasting. O Agni may we both. eternal. God. ye Holy. rich in heroes. Conqueror! be to us. he standeth in the presence of all beings. well formed. 13 The princely worshippers who send to those who sing thy praise. as is thy right. let Agni serve the Gods for he is worthy. easy to pass. protect this holy Grass. 2 May Narasamsa lighting up the chambers. the Priest and Purifier. singers of praise and chiefs. abundant. Apris. and . Worshipping God at ordered seasons decking them at three high places at the centre of the earth. that sanctify the class famed. 5 Wide be the Doors. Agni. our flawless refuge! 9 Born is the pious hero swift of hearing. Ila divine. bedew the Gods at chiefest time of worship. most wise. bright in his majesty through threefold heaven. well laid upon this altar. 12 Knower of all that lives. most fair.Lead thou both these and us forward to higher bliss.Three Goddesses. Bharati all surpassing. ye Adityas. Whose sacrifice the strong seek. be worthy of our praise. O Vasus. Yielders of rich milk. the Goddesses. serve the Gods first to-day before the mortal. thou for whom princes nobly born exert themselves. 8 Sarasvati who perfects our devotion. increasing. 4 O Grass divine. ancient. Ye men do worship to Indra seated on the grass. Wise. present oblation duly with the sacred verse. expansive. Let them unfold.

On his black path he shines in burning beauty.-he gave. May Tvastar lengthen our line and kindred. Let the skilled heavenly Immolator forward unto the Gods the offering thrice anointed. and show the offerer in the house his vigour. overcome . Over all worlds let Agni be the Sovran. Known is he by his bright delightful splendour. consuming the broad earth. the messenger of Gods with rapid coursers. 3 Among the tribes of men the Gods placed Agni as a dear Friend when they would dwell among them. Jatavedas. he lighteth up the forests.Agni refulgent. In oil he rests: oil is his proper province. God among godly people. like a harnessed courser who shakes his flowing tail.full of vigour. O Agni. 8 I. Against the longing nights may he shine brightly. O Agni. 5 Since they who honour me have praised my greatness. burning up the bushes. 10 Vanaspati shall stand anear and start us. and waxing old renews his youth for ever. Come as thy wont is: O thou Steer. 7 Around. 9 May the Grtsamadas. he wanders. as though the earth he seasoned. bear off the oblation duly consecrated. give us wealth with store of heroes and mighty strength in food and noble offspring. serving in secret. in remembrance of thine ancient favour have sung my hymn in this our third assembly. his hue to those who love him. 4 Sweet is his growth as of one's own possessions. free roaming like an ox without a herdsman. with blackened lines. among the bushes. like water down the chariot ways he roareth. and may they reach the place which Gods inhabit. 2 Bhrgus who served him in the home of waters set him of old in houses of the living. and Agni with his arts prepare oblation. 11 Oil has been mixt: oil is his habitation. 6 Like one athirst. 1. rejoice thee. He darts his tongue forth. the guest of men. FOR you I call theglorious refulgent Agni. HYMN IV Agni. as 'twere. marked as it were the heaven that smiles through vapour. through thee. his look when rushing fain to burn is lovely. rich in oblations Whom all must strive to win even as a lover.

Leader of sacrifice. the Sitster [sic] by the Mother stands. the Sisters who have come to us? 6 When. 1. let us obtain. far extended. With this fair hymn. most youthful envoy! through our song. craving help. the seven reins. 2 With this hymn let us honour thee. Who furthers. Earner by rites of noble wealth. Agni. as Cleanser. 2 In whom. Agni. as corn at coming of the rain. 6 To him who lauds thee. song of praise and sacrifice: we have bestowed. Sage. HYMN VII. lover of song. 5 Such as thou art. And. this waiting with my prayer on thee: Hear graciously these songs of praise. Rich in good heroes and subduing foemen. HYMN V.their neighbours. He holds all knowledge in his grasp even as the felly rounds the wheel. giver of our wealth! With reverence let us worship thee. That vital power give thou to chiefs and singers. pure. with songs. Drive those who hate us far away. give rain from heaven. Is he not better than the Three. eighth in place. Agni. Skilled in his own unchanging laws he waxes like the growing boughs. As envoy friendly to mankind. The Priest delights in their approach. HERALD and teacher was he born. as Director. That Strong One may we grasp and guide. all the work divine. may pay worship to all the Holy Ones. a guardian for our patrons' help. 1. seeker of horses. . the kine of him the Leader wait on him. Agni. Agni. 8 That so this man well skilled. meet. 7 Between both races. well skilled thou passest to and fro. And seat thee on this sacred grass. man-like. 7 For his support let him perform as ministrant his priestly task. 3 When swift he follows this behest. thou nobly born. wealth-lover. was he born. 3 As such. bird-like he chants the holy prayers. 4 Together with pure mental power. to thee. accept this flaming brand. this our sacrifice which wehave here prepared. 5 Clothing thern in his hues. HYMN VI. 4 Be thou for us a liberal Prince. giver and Lord of precious things. Yea. Son of Strength. AGNI. Most holy Herald! come thou nigh. laden with the holy oil. give strength which no man may resist: Give food exceeding plentiful. 8 Befriend us thou as knowing all. duly worship thou the Gods. Sage.

bring us wealth. O Wonder-Worker. thou most youthful God. the most splendid One. strong God. HYMN IX. Agni. As 'twere through streaming water-floods. VASU. of all the Gods. bedewed with sacred oil. in thy lower station. with brilliance and with fiery flame. the harnessing of Agni's car. of thee new-born each day never decreases. for us and for our seed offspring. 3 Who for his glory is extolled at eve and morning in our homes. Bharata. Agni. much-desired. 2 Let no malignity prevail against us. protector from the foeman. With bullocks and with kine in calf 6 Wood-fed. . 4 Agni. Invoker. bright. bringing thousands. with Soma's. Now praise. yea. Bharata. adorable. honoured by us with barren cows. Whose statute is inviolate. be an ever-heedful keeper. 1. Purifier Agni. splendid. with our praises. 6 May we with Agni's. Whose foresight keeps the Law from violation. Agni. excellent. ACCUSTOMED to the Herald's place. Decked with imperishable sheen. 4 Who shines refulgent like the Sun. 2 Who. excellent. and conquer those who fight with us. 5 Him Atri. pay worship with oblation.1. 2 Envoy art thou. guiding worshippers aright. HYMN VIII. 3 So through thy favour may we force through all our enemies a way. splendid. untouched by age. Agni. quickly commend the gift to be presented. Save us from this and enmity. the Herald hath seated him. For thou art Lord of gathered wealth and treasure. 3 May we adore thee in thy loftiest birthplace. Agni. The liberal. withers. the foe: When worshipped fair to look upon.Agni. ancient. either God's or man's. bright. passing mighty. thou leadest us to higher blessings. Uninjured dwell together still. When worshipped with the sacred oil. Excellent. have our songs Strengthened according to his sway: All glories hath he made his own. The Son of Strength. of the bright song of praise thou art inventor. 4 Thou. high shinest forth. as one who strives for strength. 5 Ours art thou. 1. Indra's help. pure-tongued. the Wonderful. 5 The twofold opulence. and. Agni. Refulgent. The place whence thou issued forth I worship: to thee well kindled have they paid oblations. best Priest.

Sure guardian. loudly calling. songs of Rudras. kindled by man upon the seat of worship. increase thy strength like streams of water flowing. Clothed in his glory. thou badest swell and settest free. 5 I pour to him who looks in all directions: may he accept it with a friendly spirit. must be adorned by all. first. best sacrificer. 1. 1. Agni: make him the lord of wealth with noble offspring. vast. 2 Floods great and many. These streams in which is thy delight approach thee. HEAR thou my call. 2 May Agni the resplendent hear my calling through all my songs. our protector from the foemen. Agni. For these presented viands. deathless. 6 May he. Agni with bridegroom's grace and lovely colour may not be touched when all his form is fury. him who deemed himself immortal. benevolent with this fair aspect. Dark steeds or ruddy draw his car. . shine. O Hero. I call on perfect Agni who with an eloquent tongue dispenses sweetness. not compassed round by darkness. bring the Gods to bless us. through vital power o'er all expanded. Strengthened by songs of praise thou rentest piecemeal the Dasa. Broad. O Indra. the Famous. in the lauds wherein thou joyedst. 3 For. with rays of splendour. conspicuous. be not heedless: thine may we be for thee to give us treasures. he dwells exceeding wise. 6 By choice victorious. like a Father. Hero. Agni. HYMN X.AGNI. Indra. even as the brilliant ones draw near to Vayu. seeking riches. O Indra. in hymns of praise. And in the night. keen of insight. Immortal. with thine affluence and splendour. 4 With oil and sacred gifts I sprinkle Agni who makes his home in front of all things living. compassed by the Dragon. or carried in sundry ways he makes them red of colour. the Strong. Obtaining wealth. strong with all the food that feeds him. recognize thy portion: with thee for envoy may we speak like Manu. keen of insight. 3 On wood supine they got the well-formed Infant: a germ in variousfashioned plants was Agni. HYMN XI.Enrich with food the man who lauds thee.

Dwelling enveloped deep within the waters. let the joy-giving juices make thee joyful. most powerful. The juice that satisfies hath helped Indra. O Indra: may we serve duly and prepare devotion. Give us. give us an habitation. give us the company of Maruts. with stare of noble children. who drink the first libation of the Soma. Indra. we laud thine exploits later of achievement. Seeking thy help we meditate thy praises: may we at once enjoy thy gift of riches. drink the Soma. 14 Give us a friend. we laud thy two Bay Steeds. the Friend of man. as swell thy vigour while they seek thy favour. Then both the heaven and earth trembled in terror at the strong Hero's thunder when he bellowed. waxen splendid. And. O Hero Indra. they have spread wide the blast sent forth by Indra. the riches that we long for. when he. filling both thy flanks. thou God. great enchanter. never ceasing. 6 Indra. The earth hath spread herself in all her fulness: the cloud that was about to move hath rested. We laud the bolt that in thine arms lies eager. such by thy help. 10 Loud roared the mighty Hero's bolt of thunder. O Indra. 7 Indra. him who checked heaven and stayed the floods from flowing. the Vayus. with Surya overcome the Dasa races. And those whose minds accord with theirs. having drunk his fill of flowing Soma. mysterious. 9 Indra hath hurled down the magician Vrtra who lay beleaguering the mighty river. shall swell thy vigour. . 13 May we be thine. it hath wandered with the Mothers. we laud thy great deeds wrought aforetime. Swelling the roar in the far distant limits. 12 Singers have we become with thee.4 We who add strength to thine own splendid vigour. 5 Hero. O Indra. burnt up the monster. laying within thine arms the splendid thunderWith us mayst thou. 15 Let those enjoy in whom thou art delighted. heralds of Surya. 8 Down. They. drink Soma for thy strength and gladness. baffled the guileful Danava's devices. Indra. 11 Drink thou. thy Bay Steeds showing forth their vigour have sent a loud cry out that droppeth fatness. thou slewest in thy valour Ahi concealed in depths. hath the rain-cloud settled: bellowing.

Where is He? or verily they say of him. the Dasyus. Preserver. 21 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. He. verily. men. 16 Great. sank the Dasyu. assume the might wherewith thou clavest Vrtra piecemeal. shaking the drops from out thy beard. O Indra. like a gambler gathering his winnings seized the foe's riches. Hero. O Indra. O Indra. is Indra. helped by thee have got them strength. they ask. 20 He cast down Arbuda what time his vigour was strengthened by libations poured by Trta. is Indra. He is not. Before whose breath through greatness of his valour the two worlds trembled. He. through the lofty hymns that praise thee. rejoicing thee. freed the Seven Rivers. Come with Bay Steeds to drink of libation. who by their songs of praise have won the blessing. 2 He who fixed fast and firm the earth that staggered. subduing with thy succour and with the Arya. 4 By whom this universe was made to tremble. Indra sent forth his whirling wheel like Surya. HYMN XII. 17 Upon the great Trikadruka days. HE who. who chased away the humbled brood of demons. O thou Protector. chief God of lofty spirit by power and might became the Gods' protector. is Indra. and aided by the Angirases rent Vala. Indra. in battles. O Indra. are they. yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee. They who strew sacred grass to be thy dwelling. 1. contented. all our foes. Thou hast disclosed the light to light the Arya: on thy left hand.Thou hast exalted us to heaven. Who measured out the air's wide middle region and gave the heaven support. Our gain was that to Trta of our party thou gavest up Tvastar's son Visvarupa. the Terrible. He. 5 Of whom. the Danava Aurnavabha. and drove the kine forth from the cave of Vala. Who. is Indra. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. with brave men. O men. O men. the spoiler in warriors' battle. He. Begat the fire between two stones. O men. 18 Hero. . 3 Who slew the Dragon. 19 May we gain wealth. drink the Soma. just born. in the assembly. and set at rest the agitated mountains. Loud may we speak.

Indra. like birds. O men. He. before his very breath the mountains tremble. the demon lying there. and pouring forth of Soma. He. is Indra. whom. He. and when born therefrom it entered rapidly the floods wherein it grows. 8 To whom two armies cry in close encounter. Known as the Soma-drinker. THE Season was the parent. O ye men. He. thunder-armed. O ye men. speak loudly to the synod with our heroes. with his hurled weapon many grievous sinners. and the villages. 11 He who discovered in the fortieth autumn Sambara as he dwelt among the mountains. rent Rauhina in pieces when scaling heaven. He. battling. who slays the Dasyti. O men. who shakes things moveless. singer. Is Indra. Who slew the Dragon putting forth his vigour. for He. fair-faced. O men. Who pardons not his boldness who provokes him. He. He who gave being to the Sun and Morning. He. He. Who. the stronger and the weaker.He sweeps away. each for himself. armed with thunder. . O men. O men. O ye men. 6 Stirrer to action of the poor and lowly. favours him who presses Soma with stones made ready. men. Whom prayer exalts. So may we evermore. sacrificer. and cattle. the foe's possessions. set free the Seven great Floods to flow at pleasure. is Indra. Whom two invoke upon one chariot mounted. is Indra. ere they knew their danger. is Indra. all chariots. He of whom all this world is but the copy. is Indra. He. who leads the waters. 12 Who with seven guiding reins. who wields the bolt. 1. O Indra. both enemies. is Indra. HYMN XIII. 10 He who hath smitten. is Indra. 13 Even the Heaven and Earth bow down before him. thy friends. 7 He under whose supreme control are horses. of suppliant who sings his praises. Have faith in him. is Indra. is Indra. the Bull. of priest. 15 Thou verily art fierce and true who sendest strength to the man who brews and pours libation. the Mighty. O ye men. 14 Who aids with favour him who pours the Soma and him who brews it. they invoke to give them succour. Who. 9 Without whose help our people never conquer. and this our gift.

is thy power. The six directions hast thou fixed. Greedily with his teeth he eats the master's food. 3 One priest announces what the institutor gives: one. Worthy of lauds art thou. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. O Hero. 2 They come trooping together bearing milk to him.Thence was it full of sap. Indra. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. 10 All banks of rivers yielded to his manly might. The third corrects the imperfections left by each. streaming with milky juice: the milk of the plant's stalk is chief and meet for lauds. like wealth to him who comes. Thee. at one's hearing. Thou wast a mighty help. Broughtest the face unclouded of the strengthening one. 6 Thou givest increase. the rich in sweets. worthy of lauds art thou. 5 Thou hast created earth to look upon the sky: thou. The life-support of conquering Jatusthira. thou belpest thy worshipper.-vast. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. and bring him sustenance who gives support to all. for all thy deeds. meet for our praise art thou. Meet for our praise art thou. more than the back can bear. such. a five-fold view: thy victories reached afar. Worthy of lauds art thou. the Strong. 8 Who broughtest Narmara with all his wealth. gave up their wealth. 12 Thou for Turviti heldest still the flowing floods. the river-stream for Vayya easily to pass Didst raise the outcast from the depths. 9 Thou boundest up the Dasa's hundred friends and ten. Thou who hast made the matchless lightnings of the sky. to him they gave. . 11 Meet for high praise. The way is common for the downward streams to flow. settest free the river's paths. worthy art thou of praise. to slay him that the fiends might be destroyed. Worthy of lauds art thou. slaying Ahi. 4 Dealing out food unto their people there they sit. that with thy single wisdom thou obtainest wealth. a God. even as a steed with waters: meet for praise art thou. Thou by the worshipper layest thy precious store: thou art sole Lord of all. when. Thou for Dabhiti boundest Dasyus not with cords. and gavest fame unto the halt and blind. thou dealest to us our food: thou milkest from the moist the dry. altering the forms. 7 Thou who hast spread abroad the streams by stablished law. and in the field the plants that blossom and bear seed. for sake of food. performing much even now. zealously plies his task. compassing vast realms. the Gods have quickened with their lauds. to him.

Kutsa. 3 Ye ministers. pour ye forth libation. like a tree. for this he willeth. Who quelled the valiant men of Atithigva. obey his order: that purified in wood. 11 Him. with heroes.13 Prepare thyself to grant us that great bounty. to him who struck down Svasna. Adhvaryus. a draught of this which Indra here deserveth. the Lord of heavenly treasure and all terrestrial wealth . Snatch up the wonderful. to Indra. 4 Him who did Urana to death. 7 Ye ministers. O Vasu. pour forth the gladdening liquor with the beakers. to him who smote Drhhikas who drove the kine forth. to him who as with thunder demolished Sambara's hundred ancient castles. offer ye the Soma. and discovered Vala. for abundant is thy treasure. Adhvaryus! though showing arms ninety-andnine in number. O Indra. whatever thing ye long for obtain ye quickly bringing gifts to Indra. liberal giver. 8 Ministers. to Indra. the Holy knows that I fain would give to him more largely. and did to death Vyamsa and greedy Susna. like Vita in the region: clothe him with Soma even as steeds with trappings. And Rudhikras and Namuci and Pipru. 1.-bring to him the Soma. and Ayu. Bring to the Glorious One what bands have cleansed.to him. Loud may we speak. Well pleased he longs for what your hands have tended: offer the gladdening Soma juice to Indra. to him who with the lightning smote. to Indra bring. 2 Ye ministers. daily. I know him: I am sure of this. a hundred thousand. men. ministers. bring the Soma juice for Indra. 6 Ye ministers. 10 As the cow's udder teems with milk. O ministers. Who cast down Varcin's sons. the rainwithholding VrtraBring it to him. HYMN XIV.logeth ever To drink of this the Hero offer it to the Bull. 9 Do ye. in assembly. ye pious ones. in wood uplift ye. the Soma. him who is fain to taste it. MINISTERS. Offer this draught. Who cast down headlong Arbuda and slew him. so fill with Soma Indra. to him who slew a hundred thousand. Indra.-to him. 5 Ye ministers.. and cast them down upon earth's bosom.-speed ye that Indra to our offered Soma.

He tore away their deftly-built defences. Indra. he ruled and measured. and gave it wide expansion. 6 With mighty power he made the stream flow upward. will I declare the exploits. There the staff-bearer found the golden treasure.that earth possesses. 2 High heaven unsupported in space he stablished: he filled the two worlds and the air's mid-region. fill with Soma as a garner is filled with barley full: be this your labour. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. in assembly. as 'twere a house. HYMN XV. O Vasu. 10 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. of him the True and Mighty. Gather up wondrous wealth. the blind beheld them. daily. Earth he upheld. 3 From front. 9 Thou. slewest the Dasyu. They having crossed the stream attained to riches. Now. 4 Compassing those who bore away Dabhiti. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. with sleep whelming Cumuri and Dhuni. the outcast showed himself and stood before them. O Indra . These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. And made them flow at ease by paths far-reaching. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. And made him rich with kine and cars and horses. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. Loud may we speak. pierced with his bolt the fountains of the rivers. 5 The mighty roaring flood he stayed from flowing. Indra 1. with heroes. Him. crushed with his thunderbolt the car of Usas. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. for abundant is thy treasure. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. 8 Praised by the Angirases he slaughtered Vala. 12 Prepare thyself to grant us that great booty. in kindled fire he burnt up all their weapons. In the Trikadrukas he drank the Soma then in its rapture Indra slew the Dragon. and burst apart the bulwarks of the mountain. and carried those who swam not safely over. The cripple stood erect. verily. O Indra. yield in return a boon to . Rending her slow steeds with his rapid coursers. mighty and true. 7 Knowing the place wherein the maids were hiding. keptest safe Dabhiti.

yea. 8 Turn thee unto us ere calamity come nigh. to thy thunderbolt. when with swift steeds thou fliest over many a league. The Soma is within him. strong are both the stones. to him the Strong they cleave. the flood of meath. 4 For all men bring their will to him the Resolute. 3 Not by both worlds is thine own power to be surpassed. come near thee in thy sacred rites. with brave men. Indra. may we once firmly cling to thy fair favours even as husbands to their wives. in whom alone all powers heroic are combined. for. satisfy thyself. through the mighty blaze. Indra. like oblation in the kindled fire. 6 Strong is thy thunderbolt. yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee. HYMN XVI. thee like a saving ship. with heroes. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. Loud may we speak. When in the rapture of the Soma he unclosed with strength the solid firm- . 1. who maketh all decay. 5 The vessel of the strong flows forth. Drink thou the Soma. To him. the thunder in his hand and wisdom in his head. sing this new song forth to him. O Indra. in his frame vast strength. Thou. We invocate for help Indra untouched by eld. I bring eulogy. bold by prayer. for ever young. O Indra. strong and passing wise. as a cow full of pasture turns her to her calf. Bull.him who lauds thee. his mighty powers are shown. in assembly. strengthened. Lord of a Hundred Powers. They press the Soma that is strong for him the Strong. unto the Strong who feeds upon the strong. Verily he will hear and mark this word of ours: we will pour Indra forth as 'twere a spring of wealth. nor may thy car be stayed by mountains or by seas. for drink. Indra the Lofty One. Strong are the two Adhvaryus. Indra. HYMN XVII. LIKE the Angirases. in assembly. Loud may we speak. and thy car is strong. as in ancient days. the best among the good. 9 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. 7 I. thee shouting in the war. Indra. to him the Holy One. Indra. with the strong Soma. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. Pay worship with oblation. 1. your own. art Lord of the strong gladdening drink. 2 Without whom naught exists. strong are thy Bay Steeds and thy weapons powerful. None cometh near.

Grant knowledge. for among us are many holy . give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. for the earliest draught measuring out his power.shut stables of the kine. Loud may we speak. and the third time: he is man's Priest and Herald. 2 This is prepared for him the first. sewing up the turbid darkness. the downward rushing of the waters he ordained. O Indra. and strong in vital power waxed great above them all. in assembly. Others get offspring of another parent he goeth. strength and labours. the second. he smote down. loud-roaring. 6 Fit for the grasping of his arms is what the Sire hath fabricated from all kind of precious wealth. 7 As she who in her parents' house is growing old. before this folk. that must be urged to speed with prayers and wishes. Fast he upheld the earth that nourisheth all life. Here let not other worshippers detain thee. borne on high. and striking him to death laid Krivi on the earth. increased his majesty. 3 To Indra's car the Bay Steeds have I harnessed. Indra: Migthy One. and stayed the heaven from falling by his wondrous skill. Indra 1. that new well-spoken words may bring him hither. The thunderbolt. HYMN XVIII. O Indra. through prayer. as a noble Bull. closed it in. 3 Thou didst perform thy first great deed of hero might what time thou showedst power. four yokes it hath. friendly to mankind. 5 He with his might made firm the forward-bending hills. and through his greatness set the heaven upon his head. make us yet more wealthy. three whips. Hero who fortified his body in the wars. light-winner. with heroes. seven reins to guide it: Ten-sided. the congregated swift ones fled in sundry ways. I pray to thee as Bhaga from the seat of all. Hurled down by thee the car-borne Lord of Tawny Steeds. wherewith. o'erspread with light the heaven and earth. Help us with manifold assistance. 2 Let him be even that God who. 9 Now may that weaithy Cow of thine. Indra. THE rich new car hath been equipped at morning. 4 He made himself by might Lord of all living things. 8 May we invoke thee as a liberal giver thou givest us. He. with others. and. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. mete it out and bring it to us here: give us the share wherewith thou makest people glad.

Loud may we speak.singers. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. with ten. For Etasa with worship brought him riches that keep distress afar. Come thou with eight. forty horses. Indra. to drink the Soma. Straight was he to be sought with supplications by men who struggled to obtain the sunlight. 4 Indra. in assembly. 5 To him who poured him gifts he gave up Surya. 7 To this my prayer. So may we under his supreme protection. the Dragon's slayer. the God. So that the quickening currents of the rivers flowed forth like birds unto their resting-places. come hitherward with two Bay Coursers. grown mighty in the days aforetime. rejoice thyself in this libation. with heroes. come thou with four. Indra hath found delight. Come thou with fifty well trained coursers. he found the cattle. Indra.-Indra. 8 Ne'er be my love from Indra disunited still may his liberal Milch-cow yield us treasure. safe in his arms. 2 Cheered by this meath Indra. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. He slayeth Vrtra. Here is the juice. Wherein. the Mighty. brave Warrior: do not scorn it. sent forth the flood of waters to the ocean. to glad thee. O Indra. 4 To him who worshippeth hath Indra given many and matchless gifts. carried by eighty. come thou hither having harnessed thy car with twenty. 3 Indra. 6 Come to us hitherward. to the mortal. or an hundred horses. with six when invocated. 5 O Indra. as 'twere his portion. this Mighty One. O Indra. sixty or seventy. DRAUGHTS of this sweet juice have been drunk for rapture. rent piecemeal Ahi who barred up the waters. This Soma juice among the Sunahotras hath been poured out. in love. Indra. of the wise Soma-presser's offered dainty. He gave the Sun his life. thirty. whose hand wields thunder. HYMN XIX. O Indra. and with the night the works of days completed. succeed in each forth-going. and men who worship. 9 Now may that wealthy Cow Of thine. come thou hither: bind to thy car's pole all thy two Bay Coursers. . ninety. 1. to drink the Soma. Thou art to be invoked in many places Hero.

O Indra. plague of harvest. 6 He verily. so bring we power to thee. and a happy dwelling. in assembly. seeking great bliss from one like thee amid the Heroes. a guardian near to men who love thee truly. One who will further with his aid the singer. Kutsa. the glorious Indra. dresser of oblations. lauded. have wrought their hymn and task as seeking favour.regard us. Stealing away the mornings with the sunlight. self-reliant. 7 Indra theVrtra-slayer. 1. mighty and triumphant. the God. Active art thou. he gave up greedy Surya. of the living mortal.6 Once to the driver of his chariot. the Friend. 3 May Indra. be men's auspicious keeper. O Indra. 9 Now may that wealthy Cow of thine. For men hath he created earth and waters. crushed even Asna's ancient powers. for the sake of Divodasa demolished Sambara's nine-and-ninety castles. he. the young. fulfil the prayer for plenty of him who worships. scattered the Dasa hosts who dwelt in darkness. gain food and strength. . He. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. Indra whom the Angirases' praise delighted. with heroes. Fort-destroyer. best Wonder-Worker. May he. strengthening thee and fain ourselves for glory. HYMN XX. 7 So have we brought our hymn to thee. Indra. and ever helped the prayer of him who worships. hath raised him up for man. And Indra. strengthened their prayer and made their goings prosper. the toiler. 2 Indra. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. bliss. May they who worship thee afresh. and mayst thou bend the godless scorner's weapons. Loud may we speak. praiser. thoughtful in spirit. 8 Thus the Grtsamadas for thee. O Hero. IndraWell skilled in song. As one brings forth his car when fain for combat. brought low the dear head of the wicked Dasa. 4 With laud and song let me extol that Indra in whom of old men prospered and were mighty. the liberal man's defender. thou art our own with thy protection. called with solemn invocations. his who draws near to thee with right devotion. implored. 5 He. O Indra. May we with best endeavours gain this friendship.

with heroes. Loud may we speak. who slew the furious fiend. who conquers and breaks down.8 To him in might the Gods have ever yielded. bestow on us the best of treasures. Increase of riches. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. and waxen strong. One share of the libation hath he swallowed down: one share he left. O Indra. him who is Lord for ever.of floods. HYMN XXI.-Indra whose rites bring joy hath made the light of Dawn. In Indra seeking help with worship and with hymn. Him who is Lord of horses. safety of our bodies. o'erthrower. Lord of kine. the firm. he hath waxen as he would. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. When in his arms they laid the bolt. the vast. all that he would. of wisdom unattainable. to do his mighty work. in assembly. to Indra everconquering speak your reverent prayer. to Indra. Who speeds the good. He with his majesty hath filled the earth and heaven. true Indu Indra who is true. 9 Now may that wealthy Cow of thine. he slaughtered the Dasyus and cast down their forts of iron. So may the God attain the God. 6 Indra. triumphant. loved by mortals. That hath so heightened him the Great. 3 Brought forth together with wisdom and mighty power thou grewest great. Host-gatherer. With Visnu hath he quaffed the poured out Soma juice. the deep. to the Holy bring sweet Soma juice. The migbty-voiced. the Wide. of light. the breaker-down. warrior. HYMN XXII. the Lord of wealth. the spirit of ability and fortune. 3 Still Victor. 1. the Victor never vanquished who disposes all. Indra. So may the God attend the God. and days of pleasant weather. unassailable. true Indu Indra who is true. To him the Lord of all. At the Trikadrukas the Great and Strong hath drunk drink blent with meal. charm of sweet speech. . 2 So he resplendent in the battle overcame Krivi by might. I. Lord of men and tilth. honoured mid the folk. the rider. ruler over men. 4 The strong who never yields. to Indra in the tumult of thebattle. 5 By sacrifice the yearning sages sending forth their songs found furtherance from him who speeds the flood. the vast. Indra's heroic deeds will I tell forth to all. 2 To him the potent One. they drew him to themselves and won them kine and wealth.

freeing the floods. a share in holy rites. that quells the foe. the wise among the wise. the evilminded. him may his evil fate. 6 Thou art our keeper.Thou drivest all seductive fiends away from him whom. preparer of our paths: we. Dancer. whoever lays a snare for us. O Brhaspati. Brhaspati. no creatures doubletongued have overcome the man. rapacious man. All that is godless may he conquer with his might. kind -prosperer. Brahmanaspati. distress o'ertakes not him who offers gifts to thee. precipitate. the Gods' revilers down. true Indu Indra who is true. Brhaspati: give us fair access to this banquet of the Gods. The King supreme of prayers. God immortal! verily the Gods have gained from thee. slays demons. The awful car. 7 Him. So may the God attend the God. who near or far away prevail against us. no distress from any side. Lord and Leader of the heavenly hosts. What time thou sentest down life with a God's own power. WE call thee. so thou alone art Father of all sacred prayer. quelling his wrath: herein is thy great mightiness. 4 This. Brhaspati. thy first and ancient work. the wise. 3 When thou hast chased away revilers and the gloom. sing to thee with hymns of praise. careful guard. thou mountest the refulgent car of sacrifice. no foes. Giving prosperity. Lord of Hundred Powers. too. the famousest of all. 4 Thou leadest with good guidance and preservest men. HYMN XXIII. 2 Brhaspati. O Brahmanaspati. thee. thou keepest Brahmanaspati. and lovely wealth to him who praiseth thee.Him turn thou from our path away. Strike. As with great light the Sun brings forth the rays of morn. worthy to be told forth in heaven. O Brahmanaspati: hear us with help. and. 9 Through thee. and let not the unrighteous come to highest bliss. Brhaspati. and . 1. Indra. and finds the light. Him who hates prayer thou punishest. cleaves the stall of kine. 5 No sorrow. who threatens us without offence of ours. as the comforter who loveth us. wise. arrogant. crush. for thy service. destroy. most swift in act. may we obtain the wealth of Men which all desire: And all our enemies. was thy hero deed. saviour.with hero deeds subduing the malevolent. 8 Thee as protector of our bodies we invoke. find for us strength and food. sit down in place of sacrifice.

13 The mover mid the spoil. Brhaspati. would slay. splendid. O Brhaspati. fulfil . praises thee. Brhaspati. HYMN XXIV. Brhaspati. All that the Gods regard with love is blessed. Brahmanaspati. preeminent o'er all the things that be. with heroes. we will adore thee with this new and mighty song.leave them destitute. 1. cleft itself apart when. who slays the spoiler and upholds the mighty Law. our liberal patron. 15 Brhaspati. That. to be invoked in fight and reverently adored. Show forth that power that shall deserve the hymn of praise: destroy the evil speakers. those who have scorned thee in thy manifested might. Son of Law I which is with might refulgent-that treasure wonderful bestow thou on us. 12 Whoso with mind ungodly seeks to do us harm. deeming him a man of might mid lords. are greedy for the wealth of him who sits at ease. the wildly passionate. 14 Burn up the demons with thy fiercest flaming brand. he who knows each sacred song. 17 For Tvastar. BE pleased with this our offering.Let not his deadly blow reach us. Let not the guileful wicked man be lord of us:-still may we prosper. guilt-avenger is Brhaspati. 18 The mountain. that which the foe deserves not which shines among the folk effectual. hastening to the battle-cry. 16 Give us not up to those who. Brhaspati. no further rest shall they obtain. Brahmanaspati. who. never yielding. foes in ambuscade. brought thee to life. victorious in the strife. thou who art the Lord. Brhaspati hath overthrown like cars of war all wicked enemies who fain would injure us. be thou controller of this our hymn and prosper thou our children. who tamest e'en the fierce. Who cherish in their heart abandonment of Gods. with Indra for ally didst hurl down water-floods which gloom had compa-sed round. Guilt-scourger. for thy glory. gain highest power of life. the winner of all wealth. As this thy friend. may we humiliate the strong illdoer's wrath. 11 Strong. 19 O Brahmanaspati. do thou. consumer of the foe. Loud may we speak. in assembly. Thou art sin's true avenger. Angiras! thou openedst the stall of kine. 10 With thee as our own rich and liberal ally may we. singing goodly hymns of praise. Thoul O Brhaspati.

Brahmanaspati and Indra. 6 They who with much endeavour searching round obtained the Panis' noblest treasure hidden in the cave. the sages stood again upon the lofty ways. the great High Priest. in battle Brahmapaspati. to our oblation Iiie yoked steeds to fodder. keen-eyed to look on men and springing from his ear. rejoicing. which Brahmapaspati hath opened with his mightAll they who see the light have drunk their fill thereat: together they have made the watery fount flow forth. encompasseth this All. strung truly. and said.-he made his way within the mountain stored with wealth. all truth proceedeth: even the waters break not your commandment. 10 First and preeminent. No enemy is he. by thy mighty strength hast waxen great.our hearts' desire. He drave the kine forth and cleft Vala through by prayer. and sought again to enter in. twain Maghavans. Come to us. with autumns. 7 The pious ones when they had seen the falsehoods turned them back. 12 From you. with moons. 4 The well with mouth of stone that poured a flood of meath. 8 With his swift bow. and in his fury rent the holds of Sambara: Who overthrew what shook not. Brahmapaspati. 13 The sacrificial flames most swiftly hear the call: the priest of the . Effortless they pass on to perfect this and that. gracious. Brahmanaspati. excelling all besides are the kind gifts of liberal Brhaspati. the glowing Sun untroubled sends forth fervent heat. These are the boons of him the Strong who should be loved. 5 Ancient will be those creatures. having marked the falsehoods. Excellent are the arrows wherewithal he shoots. 2 He who with might bowed down the things that should be bowed. dispelled the darkness and displayed the light of heaven. appointed works which Brahmanaspati ordained.He is the God spread forth in breadth against the Gods: he. When. 11 Thou who in every way supreme in earthly power. extolled is he. turned them back whence they had come.Those sages. 3 That was a great deed for the Godliest of the Gods: strong things were loosened and the firmly fixed gave way. whatsoe'er they be. 9 He brings together and he parts. for the hymn he brings forth food and wealth. whereby both classes and the people have delight. Brahmanaspati reaches the mark whate'er it be that he desires. doors unclose themselves to you. Cast down with both their arms upon the rock they left the kindled fire.

whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. and prosper thou our children. His children and his children's children grow in strength. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. Loud may we speak. The zealous man shall vanquish the invincible. and spread his wealth by kine wise by himself is be. 2 Worship. 1. thou hero. remitting at his will the debt. Hating the stern. He with his seed spreads forth beyond another's seed. we crave the favouring . 4 For him the floods of heaven flow never failing down: first with the heroes he goes forth to war for kine. with heroes. HE lighting up the flame shall conquer enemies: strong shall he be who offers prayer and brings his gift. mighty like a raving river's billowy flood. be thou controller of this our hymn. chase the arrogant afar: put on auspicious courage for the fight with foes. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend.assembly gaineth wealth for hymns. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. as a bull conquers oxen. 3 He. THE righteous singer shall o'ercome his enemies. even as a copious flood with strength flows sundry ways. 1. Blest with the happiness of Gods he prospers well. Like Agni's blazing rush he may not be restrained. full of vital strength. All that the Gods regard with love is blessed. HYMN XXVI. Brahmanaspati. and he who serves the Gods subdue the godless man. and many a flawless shelter hath been granted him. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. Prepare oblation so that thou mayst have success. in assembly. Heroes on heroes send abundantly to us. 16 O Brahmanaspati. may we be evermore masters of wealth well-guided. strong in the shock of fight is Brahmanaspati. 15 O Brahmanaspati. overcomes with strength. Brahmanaspati. 2 With heroes he shall overcome his hero foes. He slays in unabated vigour with great might. the worshipper share the food of him who worships not. 5 All roaring rivers pour their waters down for him. HYMN XXV. when thou omnipotent through prayer seekest my call. The kine he drave forth and distributed to heaven. 14 The wrath of Brahmanaspati according to his will had full effect when he would do a mighty deed.

never close their eyelids. faithful. by fair paths Aryaman. Saves him from sorrow. frees him from his enemy. Adityas. 9 Golden and splendid. fair is it. win Varuna's and Mitra's high protection. 8 With their support they stay three earths. 4 Upholding that which moves and that which moves not. Aryaman. share m this your favour which. 1. with the ladle I ever offer tothe Kings Adityas. and Bhaga hear us. his sons. pure like streams of water. 3 He with his folk. guarding well the world of spirits. far-ruling for the . Provident. the mighty Varuna Daksa. 2 With one accord may Aryaman and Mitra and Varuna this day accept this praise-songAdityas bright and pure as streams of water. three are their functions in the Gods' assembly. and faithful. 7 Mother of Kings. Mighty through Law. Under your guidance. THESE hymns that drop down fatness. 5 May I. Varuna and Mitra. 4 Whoso hath honoured him with offerings rich in oil. Adityas. true to eternal Law. and. him Brahmanaspati leads forward on his way. protectors of all being. Varuna. Thereon. brings profit e'en in danger. Adityas. and thornless. and Amsa. Adityas. send us down your blessing: grant us a shelter hard to be demolished. 6 Smooth is your path. and Mitra. round troubles may I pass. perfect. excellent is it. Aryanian. Gods. Ne'er do they slumber. with many eyes. girt by many heroes. May we uninjured. Looking within behold the good and evil near to the Kings is even the thing most distant.help of Brahmanaspati. beyond all hatred. may Aditi transport us. three heavens. Adityas.believing Who with oblation and a true heart serves Brahmanaspati the Father of the Gods. vast. and is his wonderful deliverer from woe. Adityas. gains booty for himself. May Mitra. Varuna. his family. HYMN XXVII. profound. Aryaman. they hold aloft the three bright heavenly regions. blameless. with the heroes. O Aryaman and Mitra. is your greatness. like rugged places. the debtexactors. fain to deceive the wicked. 3 These Gods. wealth. his house. free from all guile and falsehood.

THIS laud of the self-radiant wise Aditya shall be supreme o'er all that is in greatness. Mitra. admit us to your . of mornings rich in cattle. in assembly. Moves with his chariot first in rank and wealthy. from near at hand or from a distance. ye Holy Ones. Vasus! may I attain the light that brings no danger. 10 Thou over all. neither the cast nor yet the west. None slays. true Leaders. to witness my wealthy. 16 Your guiles. be they Gods. your snares spread out against the foe. Having extolled thee. the rain from heaven: he thrives most highly favoured. O sons of Aditi. 1 beg renown of Varuna the Mighty. Adityas. munificent and lauded in assemblies. Varuna. very strong. forgive us however we have erred and sinned against you. with heroes round him. Varuna 1. O thou Leader wide-ruling Varuna. Asura! or be they mortals. O Varuna. Simple and guided by your wisdom. May I car-borne pass like a skilful horseman: uninjured may we dwell in spacious shelter. dear friend's destitution. Sinffing thy praises like the fires at coming. He goes to war mastering both the mansions: to him both portions of the world are gracious. 17 May1 not live. 14 Aditi. may1 never lack well-ordered riches. liberal. Varuna. 13 Pure. O Varuna. he whom their everlasting blessings prosper. Lord of many heroes. King. 11 Neither the right nor left do I distinguish. pardon us. 12 He who bears gifts unto the Kings. for ever faithful. 15 For him the Twain united pour their fulness. day after day. May I obtain the broad light free from peril: O Indra. Grant unto us to see a hundred autumns ours be the blest long lives of our forefathers. HYMN XXVIII. let not during darkness seize us. 2. him who is under the Adityas' guidance. art Sovran. Lond may we speak. Gods.righteous mortal. with heroes. to quell oppressors. with thoughtful care may we have high fortune in thy service. the God exceeding kind to him who worships. Adityas. 3 May we be in thy keeping. faithful. he dwells beside the waters rich with pasture.

Asura. remove all danger accept me graciously. 7 Strike us not. You. Gods. Let us not pass away from light to exile. UPHOLDERS of the Law. HYMN XXIX. hath threatened me affrighted in my slumberIf any wolf or robber fain would harm us. 5 Loose me from sin as from a bond that binds me: may we swell. ye strong Adityas. I. with heroes. be he friend or kinsman. for guilt of others. I who know your goodness. make us well and happy. 3 What service may we do you with our future. at thy bidding wound the sinner. Varuna. Cast off. whoever. Full many a morn remains to dawn upon us: in these. invincible God. in assembly. even as of old. Indra and Maruts. . be severed. the men who hate us 8 O mighty Varuna. to witness my wealthy. while I weave song. before the time. with our ancient friendship? O Aditi. Mitra and all Gods who listen. my troubles: I am not even mine eyelid's lord without thee. Visvedevas. 2 Ye. 4 He made them flow. Loud may we speak. with those dread weapons which. therefrom. what service. are providence and ye are power: remove ye utterly all those who hate us. liberal dear friend's destitution. For in thyself. thy statutes ne’er to be moved are fixed as on a mountain. nor cease from flowing: swift have they flown like birds in air around us. that we may live. Let not my thread. may I never lack well-ordered riches.friendship. the Aditya. and VaruVa and Mitra. Varuna. 6 Far from me. O Varuna. give thou us protection. thou Holy Sovran. now and hereafter. 9 Move far from me what sins I have committed: let me not suffer. be shattered. like cords that hold a calf. Vasus. O Varuna. will we speak forth our worship. These feel no weariness. As givers of good things deal with us kindly: this day be gracious to us and hereafter. Varuna. the Sustainer: the rivers run by Varuna's commandment. Varuna. 10 O King. remove my sin like her who bears in secret. nor my work's sum. King. while we live direct us. Scatter. thy spring of Order. I call to help me. King. 11May I not live O Varuna.

far. pierce thou Vrkadvaras'. For gain of children make us thine. 6 Turn yourselves hitherward this day. ye Holy. God. and against Vrtra shot his deadly missile. be mine offences: seize me not like a bird upon her offspring. 6 Whomso ye love. Law's fulfiller. 4 As with a bolt. may I never lack well-ordered riches. Press not the Soma. THE streams unceasing flow to Indra. 7 May I not live. give us firm standing in this time of danger. 5 Cast down from heaven on high thy bolt of thunder wherewith in joy thou smitest dead the foeman. O ye Gods. 5 I singly have sinned many a sin against you. O Varuna. Loud may we speak. let not the wolf destroy us. O Indra. O Indra. ye Holy. Protect us. and never let us say. Graciously favour us. to witness my wealthy. in assembly. ye Twain are the rich worshipper's advancers. with heroes. HYMN XXX. For him who cares for me. Even as in time of old with might thou slewest. tire me. Enveloped in a cloud he rushed upon him. from the pit and falling. of many children's children and of cattle. supports me. Brhaspati. gives gifts. Indra and Others. Savitar. liberal. heroes. his power ye aid and strengthen. dear friend's destitution. Indra subdued the foe with sharpened weapons. 7 Let it not vex me. fiercely flaming. 1. who comes with kine to me who pour libations. Indra and Soma. Gods. are verily our kinsmen as such be kind to me who now implore you. that fearing in my heart I may approach you. God. King. Save us. 3 Aloft he stood above the airy region. Day after day goes on the sheen of waters. What time hath past since they were first set flowing? 2 His Mother-for she knew-spake and proclaimed him who was about to cast his bolt at Vrtra. slayer of Ahi.4 Ye. make me slothful. Cutting their paths according to his pleasure day after day flow to their goal the rivers. so slay even now our enemy. Far be your nets. and ye chastised me as a sire the gambler. Let not your car come slowly to our worship: of kinsmen such as you ne'er let us weary. the Asura's. .

give up the spoiler to destruction. Accompany. our horses may fly forth. our swift steeds trample on the ridges of the earth. now ye Gods of one accord speed on our car what time among the folk it seeks an act of might. Long have they been inflated with presumption: slay them. and Adityas. 1. seen alternate. Savitar shall joy in us. one-minded with the Goddesses speed forth our car.8 Sarasvati. each day more famous. ruling Lords. as a car-horse might the goal. That. girt by the Marut host. the company of Maruts. most. and the Asvins. When. Ila and Bhaga the celestial. your notice. our car to mighty gain. 6 Your blessing as a boon for suppliants we desire: the Dragon of the Deep. the Friend of all mankind. HELP. O ye Twain allied with Vasus. with arms thou slayest foemen O King. glad. that from what moves not ye may spread forth threefold food. hasting through the region with the stamp of hoofs. May they win. and ihe Floods' swift Child in our worship and our prayer. Rbhuksan. 4 Or may this Tvastar. 5 Or. protect us: with the Maruts allied thou boldly conquerest our foemen. Morning and Night who stir all living things to act: While with my newest song I praise you both. . HYMN XXXI. with aid untroubled by a foe. Trita. and Aja-Ekapad.-aim at him. and with troops of children. O Earth. Earth and Heaven. coming from heaven. with our valiant heroes the deeds heroic which thou hast to finish. as the wild birds of the forest from their home. 10 Perform. those two blessed Goddesses. living men have formed them. Visvedevas. eager for renown. ye Holy: to pay you honour. Pusan. 9 Him who waylays. pierce him with thy sharpened weapon. to win the meed of strength. That we may gain wealth with full store of heroes. Purandhi.wise. While Indra does to death the daring chieftain of Sandikas exulting in his prowess. yea. Varuna and Mitra. Men fain to win the prize and glory. 2 Yea. and bring us hither their possessions. 11 I craving joy address with hymn and homage your heavenly host. Rudras. O Hero. Brhaspati. 7 These earnest prayers I pray to you. God who rules the world with power. him who would destroy us. help our car. 3 Or may our Indra here.

2 With the most saving medicines which thou givest. chief. Indrani to mine aid I call. wherewith thou grantest wealth to him who offers giftsWith these come thou to us this day benevolent. With never-breaking needle may she sew her work. a charger rapid in his tread. and to all quarters maladies and trouble. high extolled! I. Rudra. of me your worshipper. and. 3 Chief of all born art thou in glory. Gracious to our fleet courser be the Hero may we transplant us. O Blessed One. Gungu. Sever not thou our friendship: think thereon for us. auspicious. secret or by day: give not us up a prey to these calamities. Accept the offered sacrifice. with a heart that longs for bliss. fain to win me wealth. Immortal. day by day I urge thee with my word. we seek from thee. . hear us. and give a hero son most wealthy.HYMN XXXII. her. to you the migbty Pair. Far from us banish enmity and hatred. mightiest of the mighty. O ye Heaven and Earth. O thou invoked by many. grant us progeny. Raka. and Vartunani for my weal. Rudra. armed with the thunder. this speech striving to win reward. Strong God! or mingled invocation. Sinivali. full. lovely arms. FATHER of Maruts. 6 O broad-tressed Sinivali. ill praise. 2 Let not man's guile annoy us. Various Deities. thou who art the Sister of the Gods. and herself observe. 1. This. Rudra. Sarasvati. 7 With lovely fingers. 8 Her. First rank I give to you. prolific Mother of many sonsPresent the sacred gifts to her. Rudra. to Sinlivali Queen of men. HYMN XXXIII. her. Goddess. inexhaustible. 4 Let us not anger thee with worship. bestowing food of thousand sorts. let thy bliss approach us: exclude us not from looking on the sunlight. Transport us over trouble to well-being repel thou from us all assaults of mis. lovely in their form. Rudra. may I attain a hundred winters. in our children. 3 Bring hither with benignant mind the willing Cow teeming with plenteous milk. her. GRACIOUSLY further. meet for praise. 4 With eulogy I call on Raka swift to hear may she. O Raka. Do thou with strengthening balms incite our heroes: I hear thee famed as best of all physicians. 1. 5 All thy kind thoughts.

O potent Martits. O Rudra. the splendid name of Rudra. tawny. We serve the brilliant God with adorations. 13 Of your pure medicines. even as a boy before the sire who greets him. yield us to this evil purpose. and be thou gracious to our seed and offspring. slaying like a dread beast of the forest. 15 O tawny Bull. win the bliss of Rudra. be gracious to the singer. look thou on me with compassion. the great wrath of the impetuous One avoid us. listen to our invocation. Those which our father Manu hath selected. 11 Praise him the chariot-borne. begirt by Maruts. praised. As he who finds a shade in fervent sunlight may I. the young. 14 May Rudra's missile turn aside and spare us. O God. 10 Worthy. imploring. Remover of the woe that Gods have sent us? O Strong One. nor slay us. I praise thee Bounteous Giver. Turn.5 May I with praise-songs win that Rudra's favour who is adored with gifts and invocations. I crave from. HYMN XXXIV. O Rudra. Bounteous God. 8 To him the strong. uninjured. I utter forth a mighty hymn of praises. the hand that giveth health and bringeth comfort. thy strong bow from our princes. him who is Sovran of this world. Rudra. multiform. and gracious. in assembly. 7 Where is that gracious hand of thine. those that are wholesomest and healthbestowing. Rudra. thus showing forth thy nature. 12 I bend to thee as thou approachest. Here. the strong. Rudra. let thy hosts spare us and smite down another. 9 With firm limbs. Worthy. fierce. swifthearing. the mighty. thou cuttest here each fiend to pieces: a mightier than thou there is not. the famous. we glorify. the tawny adorns himself with bright gold decorations: The strength of Godhead ne'er departs from Rudra. fair-complexioned. Lord of heroes: give medicines to us as thou art lauded. thou carriest thy bow and arrows. hath refreshed me. with heroes. thy manyhued and honoured necklace. worthy. 6 The Strong. Ne'er may the tawny God. great. as neither to be wroth. Loud may we speak. Maruts . fair-checked. with most invigorating food. Rudra for our gain and welfare.

when they milked Prsni's udder. 3 They drip like horses in the racings of swift steeds. 11 We call youi such. and for the singer grace the song with plenteous strength. Since the strong Rudra. Vasus. power uninjured. Maruts with helms of gold. to the oblation paid to Visnu Speeder-on. blowing the wandering raincloud. as the milch-cow feeds her calf within the stalls. idth glittering lances on your unobstructed paths. 10 Well-known. come ye to our libations like the praise of men. to your bard in deeds of might give winning wisdom. O Maruts. THE Maruts of resistless might who love the rain. con e with your spotted deer. unsurpassed. 7 Give us a steed. ye O infallible brought Trita to decay. one-minded. close akin to her. come unanimous. with prayer. cast away the foeman's deadly bolt. great Maruts. to feed. have disclosed the kine. O Maruts. lavish of their gifts. the mortal foe who makes us looked upon as wolves. ye who make all things shake. first of all brought sacrifice: they at the break of mornings shall inspirit us. impetuous in career. Then.1. Whose steeds are spotted deer. is that wondrous course of yours. prevailing prayer that brings remembrance day by day. like horses in full speed. the Dasagvas. from the injurer. 8 When the bright-chested Maruts. whose riches never fail. 2 They gleam with armlets as the heavens are decked with stars. we seek of them preeminent. 4 They have bestowed of Mitra all that live. 9 Save us. ye Maruts. they pour forth food for all oblation-bringing men. they who for evermore cause their swift drops to flow. 12 They. of one mind. the wealth which all extol. O Maruts with brilliant chests. in udder like a cow. with the stream's rapid cars they hasten on their way. 6 To these our prayers. Rudra's Sons. O Maruts migbty in the car. terrible like wild beasts in their strength. goldenhued. With ladles lifted up. bind at the time bliss their horses to the cars. sprang into life for you in Prsni's radiant lap. come to the rapturous enjoyment of the meath. Food to your praisers. to our food. following wonted ways. O Maruts. Make it swell like a mare. 5 With brightly-flarning kine whose udders swell with milk. like swans who seek their nests. Or when to shame the bard who lauded. . With chariot all aflame compass him round about: O Rudras. resplendent. Glowing like flames of fire. bound to the pole in work. like cloudborn lightnings shine the torrents of their rain.

dwelling at a distance in forts unwrought lies and ill spirits reach not. 1. in whose mansion is the teeming Milch-cow. Will not the rapid Son of Waters make them lovely. HYMN XXXV. 14 Soliciting their high protection for our help.Dawn with her purple beams uncovereth the nights. carefully decking. 6 Here was the horse's birth. everlasting- . They with impetuous vigour sending down the rain have taken to themselves a bright and lovely hue. wait on him the youthful. Whom. swells the Gods' nectar and cats noble viands. Within the waters hath he pressed. 13 The Rudras have rejoiced thern in the gathered bands at seats of worship as in purple ornaments. He with bright rays shines forth in splendid beauty. and drinks their milk who now are first made mothers. in waters. and free your worshipper from scoff and scorning. unfed with wood. Goddesses to the God whom none may injure. 4 The never-sullen waters. Wherewith ye bear your servant over trouble. Son of Waters. On every side the bright Floods have encompassed the bright resplendent Offspring of the Waters. Shall he not understand it' The friendly Son of Waters by the greatness of Godhead hath produced all things existing. Him. with great light glowing like a billowy sea of milk. gathering strength in waters. his was the sunlight. your kindness like a Iowing cow approach us. shines for his worshipper to give him treasures. law-abiding. forth from the heart. Trita hath brought to aid us hither on his car. 5 To him three Dames are oftering food to feed him. for he it is who shall enjoy them? 2 To him let us address the song well-fashioned. Save thou our princes from the oppressor's onslaught. youthful Maidens. 7 He. indestructible. 15 So may your favouring help be turned to us-ward. EAGER for spoil my flow of speech I utter: may the Floods' Child accept my songs with favour. as hollows. 3 Some floods unite themselves and others join them: die sounding rivers fill one common storehouse. for assistance. 8 He who in waters with his own pure Godhead shines widely. like the five terrestrial priests. with this our adoration we sing praise to them. lle Son of Waters. oil-enveloped.

Sitting on sacred grass.The other worlds are verily his branches. flow. 3 Come unto us. from the Hotar's bowlfirst right is thine-Soma hallowed and poured with Vasat and Svaha. And bearing with them his supremest glory the Youthful Ones. 1. move around him. with chips provide him. 4 Bring the Gods hither. and plants are born of him with all their offspring. When he is seated fresh from golden birthplace those who present their gold give food to feed him. t offer food and with my songs exalt him. drink Soma from the Potar's bowl. our Friends. He. Indra. 2 Busied with sacrifice. in assembly. 15 Agni. 14 While here he dwelleth in sublimest station. and they kiss him. 11 This the fair name and this the lovely aspect of him the Waters' Son increase in secret. Whom here the youthful Maids together kindle. 10 Golden in form is he. hadi entered here as in another's body. with heroes. yea. with spotted deer and spears. . Son of Waters. He sucks them as an infant. and clothed in lightning ascended up unto the curled cloud's bosom. Loud may we speak. Drink. The Waters. in wanderings about him. ye Sons of Bharata. the Son of Waters. of unfading colour. O Men of heaven. and reverence and oblation. O Priest. I make his back to shine. like gold to look on. Youthful Ones. ye swift to listen: as at home upon the sacred grass sit and enjoy yourselves. And. Blessed is all that Gods regard with favour. 12 Him. will we worship with sacrifice. Sage. 9 The Waters' Son hath risen. well-content be joyful in the juice with Gods and Goddesses in gladsome company. resplendent with the rays that never perish. WATER and milk hath he endued. nearest Friend of many. 13 The Bull hath laid his own life-germ Within them. bearing oil to feed their ofispring. Tvastar. I gave good shelter to the people. his colour is like gold. and offer sacrifice: at the three altars seat thee willingly. HYMN XXXVI Various Gods. and to the princes goodly preparation. gleaming upon your way with ornaments. sent forth to thee: the men have drained him with the filters and the stones. goldcoloured. his food is sacred oil of golden colour.

The fourth cup undisturbed. 5 Yoke. Pressed for thee. and drink the Soma. Granter of Wealth. mark both of you. . 2 Having gone up on high. drink thy fill. make the great Gods all fain taste the gift we bring. then come hither with the meath. fain. Bold One. unharming. to-day your hero-bearing car. him I call on now. accept the fuel and our offered gift: accept the prayer of man. O thou Excellent. Even the waters bend them to his service: even this wind rests in the circling region. Drawing and seizing. My prayer that bids them come goes forth to both the Kings: drink ye the Soma meath from the Director's bowl. Enjoy thy fill of meath out of the Hotar's cup: Adhvaryus he desires a full draught poured for him. 4 From Hotar's cup and Potar's he hath drunk and joyed: the proffered food hath pleased him from the Nestar's bowl. drink Soma with the Rtus from the Nestar's cup. To the Gods. O ye Twain. Savitar. 6 Accept the sacrifice. Do thou with all. verily. to quicken. victory for all time are placed within thine arms. he gives rich treasure. and blesses him who calls them to the banquet. 1. drink Soma with the Rtus from the Potar's cup. this God. UPRISEN is Savitar. my call: the Priest hath seated him after the ancient texts. Mix the oblations. drink Sorna with the Rtus from the Hotar's cup. He is to be invoked. 5 This is the strengthener of thy body's manly might: strength. ye rich in abundant strength.Accept for thy delight the proffered Soma meath: drink from the Kindler's bowl and fill thee with thy share. accept our eulogy. swift-moving hitherward: your loosing-place is here. Priest who neglects not this most constant duty. Various Gods. immortal. 2 He whom of old I called on. the cup of the wealth-giving God. with Rtu. Maghavan. Here brought by priests is Soma meath. thou who grantest wealth. 3 Fat may the horses be wherewith thou specdest on: Lord of the Wood. Bring it him: seeking this he gives. HYMN XXXVIII. 6 Agni. let him drink who giveth wealth. 1. Granter of Wealth. his name is He who Gives. it is offered unto thee: drink from the chalice of this Brahman. the God broadhanded spreads his arms widely forth that all may mark him. strengthen thou thyself. HYMN XXXVII.

8 With utmost speed. after the Godlike Savitar's commandment. and the Dames' Lord and Narasamsa aid us. 10 May they who strengthen bliss. These statutes of the God Savitar none disobeyeth. Each man hath come leaving his evil doings. each beast his lodging. The Mother gives her Son the goodliest portion. That good may come to us and wealth be gathered. like the folk's envoys called in many places. through entire existence. here for my welfare him I invoke. He hath checked e'en their haste who glide like serpents. with worship. like a wise married pair among the people. the household light of Agni. 6 He comes again. 5 Tlirough various dwellings. God. Night closely followed Savitar's dominion. the love of all things moving. holy-minded. Savitar. Then seeks each bird his nest. and thought and wisdom. HYMN XX Asvins. 2 Moving at morning like two chr-borne heroes. come like two misers to the tree of treasure. the bounty bestowed by thee. manifest. fain for conquest: at home was he. re-weaving: the skilful leaves his labour half-completed. with the loud-lauding singer. like to a pair of goats ye come electing. Like two laud-singing Brahmans in the assembly. and. spreads. may we be Savitar the God's beloved. 7 The wild beasts spread through desert places seeking their watery share which thou hast set in waters. in restless haste at sunset Varuna seeks his watery habitation. The woods are given to the birds. and Savitar hath sped to meet his summons. from heaven and earth and waters.3 Though borne by swift steeds he will yet unyoke them: e'en the fleet chariot hath he stayed from going. not Mitra. In due place Savitar hath set each creature. and parted seasons: Savitar hath approached. Like two fair dames embellishing their bodies. 4 What was spread out she weaves afresh. He hath arisen from rest. 9 Him whose high law not Varuna nor Indra. God Savitar. That it be well with friends and those who praise thee. unfolded. nor Rudra breaketh. 1. SING like the two press-stones for this same purpose. Aryaman. . 11 So come to us our hearts' desire. Nor evil-hearted fiends.

with brave men. be to us as our ears that hear distinctly. aid my thought with favour: with you may we o'ercome in all encounters. 5 Like two winds ageing not. that moves to every quarter. You Twain. the seven-wheeIed car that measures out the region. that we fall not. which we hate. Like the two nostrils that protect our being. and guide us like two feet to what is precious. 2 At birth of these two Gods all Gods are joyful: they have caused darkness. Asvins. come with quick vision like two eyes before us. like heaven and earth constrain the airy regions. fivc-reined and harnessed by the thought. these hymns that struggle to approach you. brought forth as the whole world's protectors. two confluent rivers. source of enjoyment. Come like two hands most helpful to the body. ye Mighty. 1 SOMA and Pusan. That stirs not all. 7 Like two hands give ye us increasing vigour. rich in food. the otherjourneys onward allbeholding. come like two chariot wheels at dawn. Soma and Pusan. naves. Welcome them. . ye Mighty. much-longed for. and come bither. Parents of earth and Parents of high heaven. Come like two Cakavas in the grey of morning. 5 One of you Twain is Parent of all creatures. like to a pair of hoofs with rapid motion. on earth and in the firmament the other. the Gods have made centre of life eternal. 4 Bear us across the rivers like two vessels. O ye Heroes. spokes and fellies. Parents of all riches. Be like two dogs that injure not our bodies. sharpen ye like an axe upon a whetstone. With these. O Asvins. urge your chariot hither. India generates ripe warm milk in the raw milch-cows. like two crutches. 8 These prayers of ours exalting you. 3 Soma and Pusan. even as two breasts that nourish our existence. have the GrtSamadas.3 Like to a pair of horns come first to usward. with Soma and with Pusan. May they disclose to us great store of treasure. to vanish. preserve us. 6 Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey. for a laud. 4 One in the heaven on high hath made his dwelling. HYMN XL. save us as ye were yokes. Loud may we speak. Soma and Pusan. made ready. in assembly.

HYMN XLI. 11 Indra be gracious unto us: sin shall not reach us afterward. come to us with all the thousand chariots that are thine. firmly-based.to thee. to drink the Soma juice. . for verily we choose you both. 15 Ye Martus led by Indra. Adityas. Nasatyas. all generations have their stay. 18 Enriched with sacrifice. Asvins. 7 With kine. 8 Such. O Vayu. 10 Verily Indra. seat Yourselves upon this sacred grass. Lawstrengtheners. Drink ye of this delightsome juice. Various Deities. driveth e'en mighty fear away. Hear all of you this call of mine. come hitherward: hear this mine invocation. Sarasvati. Thoughts which GrtSamadas beloved of Gods bring. to thee is offered this. Be. with heroes. the all-impelling. ye Heroes. come. reaching the sky. 17 In thee. 9 As such. Team-borne. 5 Both Kings who never injure aught seat them in their supremest home. Wealth that shall bring us room and rest. For firm is he and swift to act. give thou us renown. And good shall be before us still. The foe-subduer. Thou visitest the presser's house. 3 Indra and Vayu. no malicious mortal foe. 1. divine. 4 This Soma hath been shed for you. 14 Among ihe gunahotras strong for you is this sweet gladdening draught. And Agni who conveys our gifts. The thousand-pillared. Of the bright juice when blent with milk. go forth. to the house That will protect its heroes well. the pure. lead us on to wealth of varied sort. best of Goddesses. as 'twere. Mitra-Varuna! Listen ye here to this my call. and with steeds. May Aditi the perfect Goddess aid us. 16 Best Mother. Holy One. Yea.effectual sacrifice. We are. Sovran Kings. swift to act. 20 This our. 13 O all ye Gods. conquering all. O longed-far Asvins. come. may Soma Lord of riches grant us riches. Loud may we speak. come today and drink. these prayers of ours. wealthy Gods! as none afar nor standing nigh to us may harm. in assembly. of no repute and dear Mother. Rudras. 12 From all the regions of the world let Indra send security. 2 Drawn by thy team.6 May Pusan stir our thought. O VAYU. drawn by teams. Gods with Pri§an for your bounteousest. best of Rivers. Lords of liberal gifts. 6 Fed with oblation. accept Sarasvati. Sarasvati. shall Heaven and Earth Present unto the Gods to-day. They wait on him whose life is true. 19 Ye who bless sacrifice. glad with Sunahotra's sons: O Goddess grant us progeny.

Even as a vigorous horse when he comes near the mare. speak here auspicious. like: a Sama-chanter utters both the notes.21 In both your laps. 3 When singing here. 1. nor the eagle let not the arrow-bearing archer reach thee. Bird. HYMN XLII Kapinjala. with heroes. He. O Bird. announce to us good forturue. TELLING his race aloud with cries repeated. call thou out loudly southward of our dwellings. and when thou sittest still think on us with kind thoughts. the Holy Gods shall sit them down To-day to drink the Soma here. RIG VEDA . even the winged birds that in due season speak. skilled in the mode of Trstup and of Gayatri. When flying off thou singest thou art like a lute. Bird. bearing joyful tidings. in assembly.THE THIRD BOOK . Kapinjala. O Bird. Still crying in the region of the Fathers. be ominous of happy fortune from no side may calamity befall thee. 3 Bringing good tidings. proclaim in all directions happy luck. O Bird. With brave sons in assembly may we speak aloud. HYMN XLIII. 2 Thou like the chanter-priest chantest the Sama. on every side. ye guileless Ones. he sends his voice out as his boat a steersman. 2 Let not the falcon kill thee. no sinner may oppress us. Loud may we speak. So that no thief. thou singest at libations like a Brahman's son. 1. Bird of happy omen. HERE on the right sing forth chanters of hymns of praise. announce good luck to us.

I set the pressstones. for the Bright and Strong. be joyful in thyself. as one germ received him. Agni. From heaven the synods of the wise have learnt it: c'en for the quick and strong they seek advancement. . I toil. 6 He sought heaven's Mighty Ones. there where the Mighty One grew strong by wisdom. THOU. the unconsuming. the life of waters. 10 He nursed the Infant of the Sire and Maker: alone the Babe sucked many a teeming bosom. he set his voices and his streams in motion. 3 The Prudent. the unimpaired. who wilt have the strong. The Gods discovered in the midst of waters beautiful Agni with the Sisters' labour. 7 His piles. so at his birth the Gods wondered at Agni. With wood and worship shall they honour Agni. Full streams of fatness and sweet juice descended. ancient and young. Knew him who moved with blessed Friends in secret. he whose will is pure. Thou shinest to the Gods. and both paired Mighty Mothers of the Wondrous. Seven sounding Rivers.HYMN I. 8 Carefully cherished. him white at birth and red when waxen mighty. the Seven strong Floods augmented. Son of Strength. Then they. at the spring of fatness. full many a glorious flood gave strength to Agni. allied by birth to Heaven and Earth in kinship. Guard. to worship in assembly. O Agni. not clothed and yet not naked. Agni. thou shoncst assuming lasting and refulgent beauties. hast made me the Soma's priest. assuming every form. lie spreads abroad his high and perfect glories. who dwell together. the fellow-spouses friendly to men and bound to him in kinship. purging his power with wise purifications. There stood the milch-kine with full-laden udders. 5 Spreading with radiant limbs throughout the region. Blessed One. in the Sister Rivers' service. 4 Him. with the young Dames of heaven. Friend of the house. 11 The Mighty One increased in space unbounded. 1. Robing himself in light. 9 From birth he knew even his Father's bosom. brought welfare. within the lap of Order lay Agni. may the hymn aid it. are scattered where flow sweet waters. 2 East have we turned the rite. As mother mares run to their new-born you ling. He stayed not hidden.

moved in spirit. 21 Stablished in every birth is Jatavedas. 18 Within the house hath sate the King immortal of mortals. O Agni. thy followers and masters of all treasures. bear to the Gods rejoicing. thou who leadest wisely. . O Agni. with the Gods. vouchsafe to give us ample wealth. most manly. Grant us abundant wealth that saves from danger. Agni. the ancient and the later. a glorious portion.12 As keen supporter where great waters gather. and will beget. May we rest ever in the loving-kindness. that brings a good repute. varied in his form. Child of Floods. mighty luminaries accompany the light-diffusing Agni. Waxen. These great libations to the Strong are offiered: in every birth is Jatavedas stablished. Bedewed with holy oil he shineth widely. kindled perpetual by the Visvamitras. thy grace to him who lauds thee. the lovely Infant of floods and plants the blessed wood hath gendered. protect us with thy rays that guard the homestead. in his dwelling. O Mighty. 16 May we. to thine'invoker give wealth in cattle. have I declared. the Wondrous. and served him at his birth. 22 This sacrifice of ours do thou. come speeding. 17 Ensign of Gods hast thou become. He who begat. Grant us abundant food. O Agni. 23 As holy food. Agni. the Strong. with thy mighty succours. 19 Come unto us with thine auspicious friendship. in the auspicious grace of him the Holy. thou priestly Herald. Gods even. Mighty. filling full their sacred synods. Friend of the homestead. 15 I sacrificing serve thee with oblations and crave with longing thy goodwill and friendship. 13 Him. 14 Like brilliant lightnings. Grant. is youthful Agni. while in the boundless stall they milk out Amrta. as 'twere in secret. the knower of all secret wisdom. Strong in the glory of our noble offspring. lasting. thou hast lightened mortals: carborne thou goest to the Gods. 20 To thee who art of old these songs. rich in marvels. O truly Wise. joy-giver. fulfilling. came around him. O Agni. the dawnlights. knower of all secret wisdom. subdue the godless when they seek the battle. light-shedder whom the brood rejoice to look on.

rich in radiant light. who strengthens Holy Law. I. Agni. infallible. Agni. the Gods created Agni with inventive thought. He drives the chariot of the lofty ordinance: Agni most active. oblation-bearer. Agni. gracious. eager to win strength. 2 He made the heaven and earth resplendent by his birth: Child of two Mothers he was meet to be implored. choiceworthy meet to be extolled: The Bhrgus' bounty. 4 Eager to gain. address him. when at his birth the skilful held him in their hold. set Agni glorious for his strength before them here. ever-young. 10 Man's sacrificial food hath sharpened like an axe. With thoughtful insight human priests bring him anear. is the great High Priest of Gods. one of these they gave: the other two have passed into the sister sphere. our Herald from of old. He like a horse is led forth to the sacrifice Sage. we crave from him the friendly God strength confident. whose sacred grass is trimmed. Rudra of solemn rites. circling all. Wishing to do thee service. 9 They who are free from death. HYMN II. him bright. Agni. 1. for his enjoyment. perfecting aims of works. O brightly-shining Priest. 5 For happiness. Busied with sacred rites he mounts and he descends. resplendent with his brilliance. desirous of thy friendship grant them store of wealth. for brightness. To him. with his ample light. 7 He hath filled heaven and earth and the great realm of light. the people's Lord. fain for him. by might. having trimmed the sacred grass. men. him who knows fair rites. graciously inclined. and spreading offspring. dear to all the Gods.To us he born a son. with raised ladles. that he may win us strength. him the Sage of men. purified three splendours of the mighty Agni. 8 Honour the oblation-bearer. willing. as an axe forms a car. serve ye the Household Friend who knows all things that be. 3 Within the range of their surpassinq power. even Agni shining forth with light that comes from heaven. to Agni we present our praise like oil made pure. Vaisvanara. the guest of men. 6 Around thy dwelling-place. be this thy gracious will to us-ward. strong with sages' lore. Yea. are men at sacrifice. like a steed. they are there. To man. He hath laid down his vital germ within these worlds. .

sage and true to Law. as of old. the Household Friend.Agni the Friend of men we ever seek for wealth. Vaisvanara dweller in the floods. who turns the curse aside. 12 Vaisvanara. Agni. firm seated as the Herald. ensign of sacrifice. He compassethwith rays the lofty dwelling-place. To him who shines afar. as of old. 14 As pure and swift of course. meet for high praise and holy. goldhaired. and therefore never breaks their everlasting laws. dear to all mankind. 1. Fair to behold for beauty like a splendid car. producing riches for the folk. Lord of green domains. Vaisvanara.. the fleet. 4 The Sire of sacrifice. well greeted. sent forward by the Gods. praise-worthy. enriched with piayer. in whom no guile is found. great God of holy bards. by those skilled in noble songs. dweller in the heaven. goes between the earth and heaven. him whose course is splendid. heaven's ridge. together with the Gods and Manu's folk by thought extending sacrifice in varied form. whom none may turn aside-to him the Powerful with mighty prayer we seek. him very glorious have the Gods established here. He. Whom Matarisvan stablished.11 He stirs with life in wombs dissimilar in kind. Agni. mounted the cope of heaven. the pure. to and fro with those who crown each rite. shall bards give precious things that he may go on certain paths: For Agni the Immortal serves the Deities. Pervading. 5 Bright Agni with the bright car. 3 Sages shall glorify Agni with earnest thoughts. Hath entered heaven and earth that show in varied form: the Sage whom many love rejoiceth in his might. bestowing goods and wealth on him who offiers gifts. beholder of the light. 2 He. 15 The cheerful Priest. the measure and the symbol of the priests. great High Priest of men. . traversesthe common way again. Friend of the House. Agni. who stands in heaven's bright sphere a sign. swift and wild. who wakes at dawn. encompassed round with powers. who fills the synod full: In whom the singers have stored up their holy acts to him the worshipper looks for joy and happiness. who finds the light. car-borne. HYMN III. Agni. 6 Agni. wondrous envoy. the head of heaven. excellently bright. Goes. still watchful. born as a Lion or a loudlybellowing Bull: Vaisvanara immortal with wide-reaching might. 13 For new prosperity we seek to Agni.

unto our worship: serve. hast thou compassed of thyself. and Indra. both smiling. O God. 4 On high your way to sacrifice was made ready. longing for the Gods. men with worship ever praise. might. inciting all. the leader of their thoughts. devoted Friend of priests. O Vaisvanara. with urgings for their weal. with every flash bestow the boon of riches. 3 The thought that bringeth every boon proceedeth to worship first the Priest of the libation. 9 Agni the God resplendent. Jatavedas. they came in settled order. wherewith thou. That Varuna and Mitra may accept us. Full in the midst of heaven the Priest is seated: sirew we the sacred grass where Gods may rest them. Our solemn rites' announcer. knowest their hymns full well. rich in prolific seed. hither come together. mightier than Vaisvanara's wondrous acts. O Agni. 11 By his great skill the Sage alone hath brought to pass a great deed. HYMN IV Apris. enrich with meath our service that dwells with holy oil. hath on his lovely car compassed the lands with. That we may greet the Strong One with our homage. girt by Maruts. Urged.7 Sing. as Friend thy friends. Thou filledst at thy birth both worlds. Let us with pure laudations in his house approach the high laws of the nourisher of multitudes. Lord of the people and their guest. best Sacrificer. 2 Agni whom daily Varuna and Mitra the Gods bring thrice a day to this our worship. 6 Night and Dawn. magnifying both his Parents. 1. O Agni. . for long life to us and noble sons: teem thou with plenty. thou ever-vigilant: thou. may he bring the Gods. with his glories. lauded. different are their forms in colour. the radiant flames went upward to the regions. has found the light. O farsighted God. that offers honour. the earth and heaven: all this. shine upon us store of food. Increase the great man's strength. BE friendly with each kindled log of fuel. Agni. To this our sacrifice approach the many who show in hero beauty at assemblies. Tanunapat. giver of great joy. Agni sprang into being. well-inclined. Bring thou the Gods. 5 Claiming in mind the seven priests' burntoblations. 8 The Mighty One. 10 I celebrate thy glories. Heaven and Earth.

Loved and adored. 4 Agni is Mitra when enkindled duly. 8 May Bharati with all her Sisters. meet for worship. O Tvastar. This Agni guards with care that never ceases the Sonia's skin. Whence springs the hero. O Agni. thinking on Order as the guards of Order. Agni. 10 Send to the Gods the oblation. skilled in action. together with the potent Gods and Indra. Varuna. Mitra of flowing rivers and of mountains. the Singer. 11 Come thou to us. the Bird's dear lofty place he guardeth. With far-spread lustre. he guardeth in his might the course of Surya. 7 Agni hath entered longingly the longing shrine rich with fatness. the height he hath ascended. adjuster of the press-stones. object of our invocations. Jatavedas. Ila accordant with the Gods. HYMN V. give ready issue to our procreant vigour. kindled by the pious. duly kindled. for the Gods' generations well he knoweth. 1. Lord of Forests. giving . Friend. the Bird's place rich in fatness. On this our grass sit Aditi. happy Mother. lover of Gods. AGNI who shines against the Dawns is wakened. guardeth sublime the Deities enjoyment. and let the Immolator. Agni. 2 Agni hath waxen mighty by laudations. come to this grass. I crave the grace of heaven's two chief Invokers: the seven swift steeds joy in their wonted manner. and House-Friend. germ of waters. powerful. 3 Amid men's homes hath Agni been established. fulfilling with the Law. Guardeth the Seven-headed in the centre. with mortalls Agni. and let our Hail delight the Gods Immortal. 6 The skilful God who knows all forms of knowledge made for himself a fair form. 5 The Earth's. to be adored with hymns of those who praise him. He as the truer Priest shall offer worship. The holy Singer who precedes the sages. These speak of truth. Loving the varied shows of holy Order at the first flush of dawn he shines as envoy. the Priest hath thrown both gates of darkness open. and seat them.7. Three Goddesses. 9 Well pleased with us do thou O God. Sarasvati with all her kindred Rivers. Mitra as active minister. praising the truth eternal. dress it. Mitra as Priest.

again. united. Borne onward to the right it travels eastward. May Agni. To us be born a son and spreading offspring. As soon as thou wast born thou wast an envoy. Resplendent. their nectar. to the height of heaven. pure. 8 Born suddenly. Bring hithier. 3 Both Heaven and Earth and Gods who should be worshipped establish thee as Priest for every dwelling. When. again he renovates his Mothers. Most Adorable. far from Bhrgus. was Leader of the people. unharmed. 9 Extolled. Jatavedas. Spouses of the Far-Strider. O Agni: thou by thy power hast spread out earth and heaven. Matarisvan kindled the oblation-bearer where he lay in secret. O ye singers. 4 Firm in the Gods' home is the Mighty seated. 7 Even from the sky thy brilliant lights shone hither: still hast thou beamed . 11 As holy food. between vast Heaven and Earth the well-belovedThose Cows who yield. pious ones. Like waters lovely when they hasten downward may Agni in his Parents' lap protect us. adorable Matarisvan. Even through the heaven's and through the earth's expanses let thy swift seventongued flames roll on. HYMN VI. rich in marvels. O Agni. thou. Whenever human families. bring. 2 Thou at thy birth didst fill both earth and heaven. as envoy bring the Gods unto our worship. Mighty One. lasting. bringing oblations. when tender shoots with holy oil increased him. by plants he grew to greatness. sublime and purifying. be this thy gracious will to us-word. Agni. 10 Best of all luminaries lofty Agni supported with his flame the height of heaven. 1. thou didst exceed them. the Strong shone forth with kindled fuel to the earth's centre. God-devoted. the Great. everyoung. URGED on by deep devotion. Agni. 6 Bind to the pole with cords of holy Order the long-maned ruddy steeds who sprinkle fatness. to Agni bears oblation.easy access. O thou God. filled with oil. 5 Great are the deeds of thee. Friend. and. laud thy splendid lustre. all Gods together: provide them noble worship. Agni to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. yea. the Godapproaching ladle.

or borne on many. Agni. Agni. be this thy gracious will to usward. the Gods. lasting. He. who. 8 The Gods who take delight in air's wide region. To where the singer's Bull. of Tvastar. Or those. after thy Godlike nature. in the forests. flashing in his home with all his members. 7 Seven holy singers guard with five Adhvaryus the Bird's beloved firmly- . after his proper law hath waxen stronger. the Holy. Agni--9 With these. To thee safe resting in the seat of Order the Cow alone upon her way proceedeth. They fair and true and holy coming forward stand at his sacrifice who springs from Order. 3 Wise Master. 2 The Male who dwells in heaven hath Mares and Milchkine: he came to Goddesses who bring sweet treasure. 5 They know the red Bull's blessing. approach us. THE seven tones risen from the whitebacked viand have made their way between the pair of Mothers. He. to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. dark-backed. 1. our helpers. 11 As holy food. he mounted those who may with case be guided. turn their horses hither. Bring. 4 Strength-giving streams bear hither him eternal. witb their Dames. hath made them burst forth from their food the brush-wood. wealthy finder-out of riches. To us be born a son and spreading offspring. manifold with varied aspect. whose lofty song like Ila must be honoured. Both circumjacent Parents come together to yield us length of days they hasten forward. Agni. fain to support the mighty work. 10 He is the Priest at whose repeated worship even wide Heaven and Earth sing out for increase.through many a radiant morning. for thy steeds are able. Agni. the Three and-Thirty. and be joyful. carborne. rich in marvels. by tradition from the ancient sages they brought great strength from the two mighty Parents. borne on one ear. HYMN VII. 6 Yea. hath entered both the worlds as they were single. prompt to hear. and are joyful under the flamingcoloured Lord's dominion: They who give shine from heavenwith fair effulgence. or those the dwellers in heaven's realm of brightness. the night's dispeller. That the Gods praised their joyous Herald's labour eagerly burning.

fair-rayed. 3 Lord of the Forest. The willing Bulls. O Sovran of the Forest. Heaven. to him who brings the sacrifice. thou Forest Sovran whom the axe hath fashioned. HYMN VIII Sacrificial Post. Driving far from us poverty and famine. Ye whom religious men have firmly planted. the Mornings have gleamed forth in splendour. 1. give wealth in cattle. Yea. fixt and measured well. lift thyself up to bring us great good fortune. Give splendour. Contemplative in mind and God-adoring. Earth.settled station. bring the great Gods to us. Agni. These speak of truth. lasting. 6. worshipped with all viands. careful leaders. To us be born a son.Let those the Stakes divine which here are standing be fain to grant us wealth with store of children. rich in marvels. these hewn and planted in the ground. full of wisdom. enveloped he is come. praising the Truth Eternal. fairspeaking. Forgive us. be this thy gracious will to usward. Bringing a blessing to the field. sages of high intelligence upraise him. untouched by old. 10 Rich Lord. with heavenly meath at sacrifice anoint thee. 8 I crave the grace of heaven's two chief Invokers: the seven swift steeds joy in their wonted manner. 9 The many seek the great Steed as a stallion: the reins obey the Lord of varied colour. thyself up on the loftiest spot of earth. rejoice them: as Gods themselves the ways of Gods they follow. e'en sin cornmitted. Vasus. increasing in the menfrequented synod. Rudras. with the glory of the earth. 7 O men who lift the ladles up. 11 As holy food. and spreading offspring Agni. Grant wealth to us when thou art standing upright as when reposing on this Mother's bosom. shall bear our precious gift to Gods. and Prthivi and . O Agni. thinking on Order as the guards of Order. GOD-SERVING men. and Earth and Heaven. to thine invoker. 5 Sprung up he rises in the days' fair weather. for our weal. rich in hero. O heavenly Priest. 2 Set up to eastward of the fire enkindled. the youthful: springing to life his glory waxeth greater. 4 Well-robed. raise. most pleasant. 8 Adityas. With song the wise and skilful consecrate him: his voice the God-adoring singer utters. accepting prayer that wastes not.

is that return of thine when from afar thou now art here. hath brought before us. and stablished him as Priest and Sacrificer. Agni. to be our help. and adorable: serve ye the God attentively. with thousand branches may we rise to greatness. the Pillars have come to us arrayed in brilliant coIour. victorious and beyond compare. THEE Agni. yea. mortals a God. God. 6 O Bearer of Oblations. and others round about thee sit. Him Matarisvan brought to us from far away produced by friction. active. Or. Some go before.Air's mid-region. Swift envoy. by sages. go forth as Gods to the God's dwelling-places. Imperial Lord of all mankind. Whilst thou. with an edge well whetted for great felicity. ancient. and thus art thou benevolent. and three times ten and nine have worshipped Agni. The Waters' Child. Agni. with oil bedewed him. 1. lie the herds where thou art kindled in the morn. from the Gods. 3 O'er pungent smoke host thou prevailed. Accordant Deities shall bless our worship and make our sacrifice's ensign lofty. HYMN X. 8 Offer to him who knows fair rites. to the simple is it clear. the resplendent One. 9 Three times a hundred Gods and thrice a thousand. Agni. lifted up on high. WE as thy friends have chosen thee. 1. who burns with purifying glow. the Friend of man. 7 Amid thy wonders this is good. guardest each sacrifice with thine own power. rise with a hundred branches. When gathered round about thee. thus mortals received thee from the Gods. They. Tlou whom this hatchct. eastward. Most Youthful One. 5 Him wandering at his own free will. 2 Since thou delighting in the woods hast gone unto thy mother streams. Not to be scorned. the blessed. For him spread sacred grass. 11 Lord of the Wood. as upraised by priests in invocation. beyond continual pursuits. do mortal men . 4 Him who had passed beyond his foes. 9 Like swan's that flee in lengthened line. HYMN IX. 10 Those Stakes upon the earth with rings that deck them seem to the eye like horns of horned creatures. Him the unerring Ones. found in floods. observant. Agni here hidden from our view. let them assist us in the rush to battle. they in whose friendship thou hast place. couched like a lion in his lair.

bring the Gods. subduing all his enemies. Agni. Indra-Agni. deathless. the precious dew: Dr. . 7 Best Sacrificer. whence. Shine forth in thine own home as guardian of the Law. Indra-Agni. Knower of all life. 1. for their weal. 1. as Minister and Priest. to the pious man: A joyful Priest. he who goes before the tribes of men. most swift in act: He knows the rite in constant course. 6 Strength of the Gods which none may harm. To him Ordainer-like who brings the light of songs. A chariot swift and ever new. 2 They laud thee in their solemn rites. fair to see. the great High Priest of sacrifice. an eager messenger. who honours thee with fuel. meet for laud. 3 Ensign of sacrifice from of old. Oblation-bearer. 2 Oblation-bearer. 9 O Agni. well inclined. 3 He. versed in sacred hymns.With understanding kindle at thesacrifice. 6 Let these our hymns make Agni grow. The Gods have made to their Priest. Agni comes nigh us with the thought. 5 Infallible is Agni. 8 From Agni. He. AGNI is Priest. Agni is mightiest in fame. he springs to life. deathless. Decked by the seven priests. in our deeds of might may we obtain all precious things: Tle Gods are centred all in thee. with Gods is come to us. HYMN Xl. HYMN XII. 2 O Indra-Agni. illustrious from old time.ink ye thereof. A home from him whose light makes pure. 4 Ensign of sacrifices. wakeful. shine on us heroic glorious might: Be nearest Friend to those who laud thee. Singers of him who knows all life. with the man who lauds you comes the wakening rite: So drink ye both this juice assured. cherisher of strength. 3 Through force of sacrifice I choose Indra-Agni who love the wise: With Sorna let these sate them here. O Agni. verily. 5 ToAgni. Agni! wins heroic might. he prospers well. he. Agni. 7 By offering sacred food to him the mortal worshipper obtains. your lofty speech. to him who bringeth gifts. by our hymn. offer your best. impelled by song. thy splendour drive our foes afar 8 As such. the holy singers kindly thee. 4 Agni. come to the juice. 9 So. by our hymns. the Son of Strength who knows all life. To mighty strength and great possession. the Invoking Priest. Agni well knoweth with his thought To prosper this man's aim and hope. Agni. MOVED. O Purifier. may we gain all things that bring happiness.

most wise. HYMN XIII. 5 Indra and Agni. unsubdued. those who know. 1 THE pleasant Priest is come into the synod. 7 To Indra-Agni eeverent thoughts go forward from the holy task Along the path of sacred Law. Beam. 6 Indra and Agni. bringing lauds: I choose you for the sacred food. best to win the spoil. bounteous. wasting not away. for grace. serve ye well. Agni. 8 O Indra-Agni. And. HYMN XIV. 9 Indra and Agni. O Holy. with one mighty deed. Night and Morning. 1. Him your own Agni. and succour waits upon his strength. and sit. victorious. Agni. whose car is lightning. grant us treasure thousandfold with children and with nourishment. ye cast down the ninety forts which DAsas held. skilled in sacrifice. Him men who bring oblations laud. Ordainer. these seek. Whence in the heavens or in the floods he shall pour wealth upon our lands. Agni. 2 To thee I offer reverent speech: accept it: to thee who markest it. exalted. and seat thee amid the sacred grass. the Priest. faithful! Bring. 5 The singers kindle him. 4 To thee. splendid hero strength. Agni. Resplendent and without a peer through his own excellent designs. Together. and they who wish to gain. best Offerer. 2 The Holy. Leader of sacred rites is he. in your deeds of might ye deck heaven's lucid realms: Famed is that hero strength of yours. To Agni. Friend of Maruts. who winneth and bestoweth wealth. and dwellings and delightful food Good is your readiness to act. thou who knowest. thou Brahman. joint-victors. bliss on us. the Son of Strength. 7 Yea. the dwelling. 6 Help us. to this God of yours I sing aloud with utmost power. Foe-slayers. for help. Agni the Lord of tribes of men. singers skilled in melody hymn you. best of all invokers of the Gods in song. O Agni. true. hath shown on earth his lustre. 3 He is the Sage who guides these men. When men adorn the Ancient with oblations. 4 So may the gracious Agni grant most goodly shelter for our use. whose are earth and heaven. 3 The Two who show their vigour. powers are yours. as on two chariotseats.4 Indra and Agni I invoke. whose hair is flame. a most liberal God. May he come to us with the Gods. by the wind's paths shall haste to thee O Agni. strong Agni! Varuna and Mitra and all the Maruts sang a song of . on the grass.

1. Accept. with Gods in clear effulgence. All this enjoy thou here. a Priest with no unfriendly thought. O Agni. e'en Earth and Heaven who yield their milk in plenty. and bear us over trouble: Help us who long. Agni. Thou Jatavedas who art skilled in guiding. bring thou to us many and flawless shelters. the good Protector. the chief high saving sacrifice's Leader. dispel the terrors of the fiends who hate us May lofty Agni be my guide and shelter. winning by conquest all the forts and treasures. we have this day fulfilled for thee thy longing. Let not a mortal's evil will obstruct us. O thou Bull and give those powers an impulse. Son of Strength. 3 Bull. Agni. to us with speech that hath no falsehood grant riches. Agni. strong. 5 Lighting Gods hither. among the dark ones shine forth red. HYMN XV. wisest Singer. 4 Shine forth. to be told in thousands. . Bring vigour. 5 Approaching with raised hands and adoration.. O Agni. To us be born a son and spreading ofrspring. rich in marvels. What time unto the people's lands thou camest. Lead us. RESPLENDENT with thy wide-extending lustre. who beholdest men. Shining. from thee come many succours. Most Youthful God.triumph. with lustre. 6 For. wise of purpose! Be thou the Friend of each good chariot's master. through many mornings. like a car that gathers booty: bring us. 7 Whatever. Worship the Gods with most devoted spirit. O Agni nobly born in body. O Agni. 2 Be thou To us. a Bull invincible. real. while now the morn is breaking. as holy food to thine invoker. 7 Agni. good Lord. 6 Swell. my laud. to riches. spreading them as the Sun of men. be this thy gracious will to us-ward.Rarth and Heaven. immortal Agni. as men accept a true-born infant. give wealth in cattle. lasting. Agni. in sacrifice we mortals have wrought is all for thee. O God. O Agni. beauteous. God. and powers abundant that a God possesses. be thou a guardian when the Sun hath mounted. the easily-invoked.

grant the Gods' kind favour. to lack of cattle. 2 Wait. 3 As such. 2 As thou. Heroes. stablished of old. the Gods have made centre of life eternal. most Glorious One! HYMN XVII. O Jatavedas. 5 That Priest before thee. oblation-bearer. Son of Strength. O Agni. rich in progeny. Who in fights ever conquer evil-hearted men. nor to blame. free from disease and full of power. Flood us with riches yet more plenteous. also in the praise of men. envoy. the purifying Agni. the adorable. AGNI. well-knowing. 4 Agni most bright and fair with song we honour. yea. Nor. HYMN XVIII. So with this offering bring the Gods. deal us wealth and hero might. in our sacrifice. THIS Agni is the Lord of great felicity and hero Strength. 3 Three are thy times of life. 1. who orders service to the Gods. Agni. bringing weal. yea. as sire and mother. Lord of the battles with the foe. O Agni.Flame-haired. 4 He who made all that lives. Agni. he is balmed with unguents. nor want of hero sons. 5 Give us not up to indigence. O Agni. With these. and lay our sacrifice where Gods may taste it. healthgiver by his nature. messenger. he works in hero strength. blest Agni! rich in progeny. oil-clad. Thee. skilful Jatavedas. 1. The races of mankind are great oppressors burn up malignity that strives . Agni. He works among the Gods. DULY enkindled after ancient customs. to bring the Gods for worship. very glorious. hast sacrificed as Priest of Earth.HYMN XVI. Lord of wealth in herds of kine. Maruts. skilled in fair rites. thou who knowest. and the three mornings are thy births. with high renown. abundant. O Jatavedas. be kind to us when we approach thee good as a friend to friend. and help in stir aiid stress the man who worships. 1. of Heaven. who overcome the enemy. and prosper this sacrifice today as erst for Manu. 6 Help us to strength. Agni. thou our enemies away.After his custom offer. who passes all in might. bringing all treasures. yet more skilled in worship. O Bounteous One! Most lofty. upon him the Prosperer in whom is bliss-increasing wealth. Drive.

Give richly. From the right hand. and both the Asvins. great vital power to those who toil to serve thee. things of beauty. 4 Men as they worship thee the God. 1.against us. when lauded. bearing our oblation. 1. Agni. have set on thee full many a brilliant. so far as I have power. HYMN XIX. to the Visvamitras in rest and stir. longing to taste our sacrifice. with an offering. of thee. HYMN XX Agni. 3 Of keenest spirit is the man thou aidest give us good offspring. Burn. 4 Give with thy glow. to thee I lift the oil-fed ladle. may we sing forth fair praises. and to ourselves vouchsafe the gift of glory. great gtore of riches. thou Son of Strength. burn thou the foeman's curse who pays no worship. 2 Agni. infallible. amply with arms extended. O liberal Lord. WITH lauds at break of morn the priest invoketh Agni. O Agni. he with rich presents hath arranged the worship. In our Gods' service he. With prayer. burn up the unfriendly who are near us. quick. aspect. 5 Give us. the Gods' asserrigly. such art thou when duly kindled. choosing the Gods' attendance. Agni. best skilled. adoring-this hymn divine to gain a hundred treasures. Dadhikras. the Heavenly Host which thou to-day shalt honour. Vasu. shall hear us. for. In power of wealth most rich in men. I choose to be our Priest at this oblation. and seat thee for thy task as Sacrificer. shall worship: may he obtain us boons for strength and riches. Agni. sage. Agni. thou who givest freely. thou who markest well. mine offering I present for strength and conquest. all-knowing. the foolish: let thine eternal nimble beams surround thee. and with oil. Oft have we decked thy body. . the Good. 5 When Gods anoint thee Priest at their oblation. bright. Thou in the happy singer's home bestowest. O Agni. With one consent the Gods whose light is splendid. 3 With fuel. Aow. O Agni. be thou here our kind defender. 2 Agni. Dawn. desirous. So bring Most Youthful One.

with praise art thou exalted. O Agni. come hither. the Vasus. three thy stations. sit thee down before us. Rudras and Adityas. O Agni. three are thy tongues. Agni. Child of Order! Three bodies hast thou which the Gods delight in: with these protect our hymns with care unceasing. and Agni. Thou art enkindled as the best of Seers. O Purifier. immortal.2 Three are thy powers. On Varuna and Mitra. on the Asvins. mighty and resistless. those up yonder in the Sun's realm of light. Excellent God. extracted from the midst. the drops run down upon thy skin. wavy.-this as our gift we offer thee. 2 For thee. With great light art thou come. Lord of true attendants! 4 Agni. he the Vrtra-slayer shall bear the singer safe through every trouble. Ancient. Divine. Wherewith thou hast spread wide the air's mid-region-bright is that splendour. 5 Fatness exceeding rich. 5 I call on Savitar the God. O Priest. 3 O Agni. to the sea of heaven thou goest: thou hast called hither Gods beheld in spirit. flow the drops of fatness rich in oil. all-knowing. leads the godly people. in plants. 1. and in the waters. God. Help thou the sacrifice. like Bhaga. to thee stream forth the drops of oil and fatness. yea. Brhaspati. Jatavedas. Most Excellent! for thee the Sage are drops that drip with oil. 3 O Agni. 2 That light of thine in heaven and earth. Agni. . All-Inspirer! have they laid in thee. HYMN XXI. many are the names thou bearest. O Agni. too. and Jatavedas. Bhaga. man-beholding. 4 To thee. and first enjoy the drops of oil and fatness. O thou Sage. Deal them to each among the Gods. on Morning. like a courser. many. The waters. and Dadhikras. O praised by poets! Accept our offering. 1 THIS is that Agni whence the longing Indra took the pressed Soma deep within his body. Jatavedas. he who is true to Law and guards the seasons. SET this our sacrifice among the Immortals: be pleased with these our presents. and those beneath it. HYMN XXII. And many charms of charmers. O Holy One. 3 Agni. After thy wont vouchsafe to us the choicest boon that Gods may feast. O Agni. Winner of spoils in thousands.

the Sage. Agni. bearer of food to feed us. 5 Agni. 5 Agni. combined with those that have their home in floods. Praise Devavata's Agni. O Agni. yes and the Child of Earth. Leader of sacrifice. exalt the songs we sing. And living men in holy rites. 4 He set thee in the earth's most lovely station. eternal. the youthful. on Apaya. To us be born a son and spreading offspring. subdue opposing bands. thou who art worshipped. great viands free from all disease. as holy food to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. Sarasvati. have strongly rubbed to life effectual Agni. Agni. Agni. lasting. hath assumed immortal being. Agni. with all the Gods. Agni the wise bestows the might of heroes grants strengthening food. Devavata. wakeful One. HYMN XXIII. thou Devasravas. Make thou us rich with many sons. rich in marvels. who callest Gods to feast. 1. . HYMN XXV. Agni! on the rivers Drsadvati. to the worshipper wealth rich in heroes. and drive our enemies away. Bring the Gods specially. preparing it for nectar. Here in the wasting fuel Jatavedas. Guileless accept our sacrifice. Seat thee on this my sacred grass. every day. lasting. him whom his Mothers counted dear. 2 Both Bharatas. plenteous store. RUBBED into life. in Ila's place. Son of Strength. thou Sage. 1. Accept our sacrifice with joy. for worship. look thou forth with ample riches: be. who knowest all things. THOU art the sapient Son of Dyaus. in days of fair bright weather. Agni.4 Let fires that dwell in mist. slay godless foes: give splendour to the worshipper. O Agni. him who shall be the people's Lord. as holy food to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. Agni. Agni. rich in marvels. 2. be this thy gracious will to us-ward. Devasravas. Agni. well stablished in the dwelling. shine richly. To us be born a son and spreading offspring Agni. thou. deathless. 1. 3 Him nobly born of old the fingers ten produced. 3 With splendour. 2 Lit with libation. AGNI. Invincible. 4 With all thy fires. 5 Grant. On man. be this thy gracious will to us-ward HYMN XXIV.

5 The Maruts. they who can ne'er be conquered. wise Ones. With spotted deer for steeds. we invoke for help. Masters of all wealth. bright. eternal. all creatures. splendid through adorations. and looked abroad over the earth and heaven. in my mouth is nectar. 2 That Agni. By his own nature gained the highest treasure. as flames of fire with might. 1. 7 Agni am I who know. immortal Goddesses gracious to all men. 4 Let them go forth. Agni. friendly-minded.Thou who art rich in food bring the Gods hither. 3 Age after age Vaisvanara. Gods. 6 We. 4 Come to the sacrifice. Pourers of floods. Son of Strength. to drink the Soma. . The liberal. they. Those storming Sons of Rudra clothed in robes of rain. with wealth that never fails. boon-givers of good gifts. the strong. gladsome. car-borne God we Kusikas invoke him with oblation. make the mountains shake. by birth. Agni. O Jatavedas. May Agni. the Singer prompt to hear. I am light threefold. and Matarisvan worthy of the song of praise. 8 Bearing in mind a thought with light accordant. Exalting with thine help the gatheringplaces. 3 Agni. the swiftly-moving guest. Brhaspati for man's observance of the Gods. come to sacrifice at our gatherings. entreat with fair lauds Agni's splendour and the Maruts' might. band on band and troop following troop. Come. measurer of the region exhaustless heat am I. is kindled with the women by the Kusikas. Father inspired of' prayers that men should utter. Agni and Indra come to the offerer's house who hath the Soma. Vaisvanara. he purified the Sun with three refinings. are glorious as the fire: their mighty and resplendent succour we implore. lights Earth and Heaven. the Maruts. named burnt-oblation. neighing like a horse. 5 In the floods' home art thou enkindled. infallible. 9 The Spring that fails not with a hundred streamlets.Lord through his strength. Friends of men. HYMN XXVI. whose promises are true. Gathered for victory they have yoked their spotted deer. REVERING in our heart Agni Vaisvanara. he who wakes among Immortal Gods. Mine eye is butter. the finder of the light. grant us heroic strength and wealth in noble steeds. seeking wealth with songs. roar as the lions roar.

HYMN XXVIII. the sacrificial cake hath been prepared and dressed for thee: Accept it. like a horsebearer of the Gods: Men with oblations worship him. Yea. joyous in his Parents' bosorn. O Bull. hallower. Urging the great assembly on. 11 Agni. sate ye. Have brought this Agni for our aid. Who listens and gives bounteous gifts. 15 Thee will we kindle as a bull. the Strong. well worshipped. 1. Agni. O strengthened by the sage's prayer. God. he was made by thought. I glorify. rich in prayer! 2 Agni. -him. at time of sacrifice. singers. 9 Excellent. the Truth-speaker. 4 Kindled at sacrifices he is Agni. longing. In sacrifices led in front. Excellent. 3 Agni. The wise of heart. 7 Immortal. Agni. art stablished at our sacrifice. bears The gifts of sacrifice away. Then should we overcome our foes. 5 Immortal Agni. enrobed with oil. Thee. Sacrificer. wise. 2 Agni I laud. 6 The priests with ladles lifted up. Earth and Heaven. Son of Strength. 13 Meet to be lauded and adored. Eagerly kindle with their food. HYMN XXVII. the Sage inspired. meet for praise. accept our offering and the cake of meal. Goes to the Gods in search of bliss. shining far. 1. Agni. Jatavedas! Agni. IN ladle dropping oil your food goes in oblation up to heaven. At dawn's libation. he is set on deeds ofstrength. is kindled well. and die Sire of active strength. AGNI who knowest all. 8 Strong. 3 O Agni. nobly bright. The Germ of beings have I gained. O Most Youthful God. the swift and active One. we who are Bulls ourselves. the sages in assemblies never minish the portion due to thee the . worshipping here with holy thought. Agni. if we might obtain control of thee the potent God. with wondrous power he leads the way. 14 Agni is kindled as a bull. 12 Agni the Son of Strength who shines up to the heaven in solemn rites. With flame for hair: to him we seek. Thee. Agni. showing in beauty through the dark. As Singer he completes the rite. 10 Thee have I stablished. 4 Here at the midday sacrifice enjoy thou the sacrificial cake.The Sparkler. shining mightily. crowner of sacrifice through song. enjoy the cake of meal and our oblation three days old: Thou.

That. as it were upon the Atvins' path. dear to Gods. Agni. sit thee down. the bountiful. 6 When with their arms they rub him straight he shineth forth like a strong courser. ye men. even as the well-set germ in pregnant women. O Priest. first ensign of the sacrifice to eastward. With his red pillar-radiant is his splendour -in our skilled task is born the Son of Ila. 3 Lay this with care on that which lies extended: straight hath she borne the Steerwhen made prolific. very wise and fair to look on. 10 This is thine ordered place of birth whence sprung to life thou shonest forth. HERE is the gear for friction. to Immortal God. observant: lay down the sacrifice in the home of worship. as adorable and knowing all things. in. 2 1n the two fire-sticks Jatavedas lieth. observant. my fellow-workers! Ye shall attain to wealth without obstruction. thou. Bright. Son of Strength. Gods set at solemn rites as offeringbearer. HYMN XXIX. 7 Agni shines forth when born. . upon the central point of earth. Whom. give long life to the sacrificer. Agni who day by day must be exalted by men who watch and worship with oblations. Agni Jatavedas. knower. O men. 11 As Germ Celestial he is called Tanunapat. the guileless. bring forth the most propitious Agni. 9 Raise ye a mighty smoke. the Sage. the Singar praised by sages. 6 O waxing Agni. checkless. in the wood. shalt serve them with oblation: Agni. Bring thou the Matron: we will rub Agni in ancient fashion forth. and prosper thou the songs we sing. here tinder made ready for the spark. and Narasamsa born diffused in varied shape. accept our gifts. This Agni is the battle-winning Hero by whom the Gods have overcome the Dasyus. at the third libation takewith joy the offered cake of sacrifice. 5 Rub into life. the cake. of all. Immortal. thou mayst bear our offerings to the Gods. lie passeth by the stones and burneth up the grass. mighty. red in colour. 1. Through skill in song bear to the Gods our sacrifice. 8 Set thee. Thou. thou. 5 O Agni. thine own place. watchful and fraught with riches. Knowing this. 4 In Ila's place we set thee down.Mighty. Agni. And that prepared ere yesterday.

2 Not far for thee are mid-air's loftiest regions: start hither. 5 Yea.Formed in his Mother he is Matarisvan. surely hast thou toiled: come thou unto the Soma. 1. The Kusikas have made the glorious hymn ascend. and for the pious bring the Gods. strong in action. he shone forth from ancient time. the Conqueror with mighty jaws. O Indra. he glowed. The sisters ten. THE friends who offer Soma long to find thee: they pour forth Soma and present their viands. become the rapid flight of wind. O Bull. onslaughts who attack the foe. for all our wisdom comes from thee. since from the Asura's body hewas brought to life. and. Indra. E'en these two boundless worlds to thee. those born the first of all knew the full power of prayer. Stormer. with thy Bay Horses. HYMN XXX. make sacrifices good. forth. Maghavan. What once thou didst in might when mortals vexed thee. O Indra. unwedded and united. O Indra. For him who followeth thy Law the mountains and heaven and earth stand as if firmly stablished. Lord of a great host. 3 Fair cheeks hath Indra. Giving delight each day he closeth not his eye. in his course.-where now. what time thou graspest them. in her lap. Agni. each one singly in his home. 15 Even as the Maruts. Lord of Bays. Made for the Firm and Strong are these libations. who follow: make all thy promise true. crushing foemen. the newborn Infant. go thy bolt of thunder! Slay those who meet thee. 16 As we. overthrowing what hath ne'er been shaken. have kindled fire. O Priest observant. have elected thee this day. unfailing. he hath. They bear unmoved the cursing of the people. the Victor. . So surely hast thou worshipped. 14 Served by the seven priests. be all completed. 6 Forthwith thy Bay steeds down the steep. are those thy hero exploits? 4 For. 12 With strong attrition rubbed to life. those who flee. a Sage. laid down with careful hand. are but a handful. Much-invoked! in safety through thy glories alone thou speakest truth as Vrtra's slayer. together grasp the Babe. when in his Mother's bosom. The pressing-stones are set and fire is kindled. thou goest forth alone destroying Vrtras. what time the solemn sacrifice began. 13 Mortals have brought to life the God Immortal. wise and knowing all.

He made paths easy to drive forth the cattle. vigorous. bring thou near us from the air's mid-region strength. All sweetness is collected in the Heifer. 8 Thou. Much-invoked! didst crush to pieces Kunaru handless fiend who dwelt with Danu. 16 A cry is beard from enemies most near us: against them send thy fiercestflaming weapon. By thee sent onward let the floods flow hither. Yea. vast. smotest dead the scorner. 10 He who withheld the kine. and make the fiends our booty. Indra. sweetness which Indra made for our enjoyment. Indra. The Bull hath propped the heaven and air's mid-region. Blest.7 The man to whom thou givest as Provider enjoys domestic plenty undivided. 17 Root up the race of Raksasas. on thy car. When to the goal he comes. Thou with might. O Indra. 15 Barring the way they come. armed with ill arts. the level earth. our quiverbearing foemen. Loud-breathing praises helped the Much-invoked One. 14 A mighty splendour rests upon her bosom: bearing ripe milk the Cow. Slay. the manifold and goodly works of Indra. Indra. advances. 13 Men gladly in the course of night would look on the broad bright front of the refulgent Morning. crush them and subdue them. his Steeds he looses: this is Indra's doing. is thy favour dropping fatness: thy worship. malignant mortals. 9 Thou hast established in her seat. when she comes in glory. O Indra rend it in front and crush it in the middle. unripe. Maghavan. aid friends to sacrifice and him who singeth. thou seatest thee at many noble viands. 12 Surya transgresses not the ordered limits set daily by the Lord of Tawny Coursers. in silence I yielded in fear before thy blow. O Indra. These must be slain by thee. How long hast thou bebaved as one who wavers? Cast thy hot dart at him who hates devotion: 18 When borne by strong Steeds for our weal. his journey ended. the Pair who meet together. . rich in treasures. the footless Vrtra as he waxed in vigour. Much-invoked! brings gifts in thousands. O Leader. Rend them from under. 11 Indra alone filled full the earth and heaven. O Hero. O Indra. And all acknowledge. Be firm. unbounded. and wholesome food.

HYMN XXXI. All holy Order's pathway they discovered he. The Strong who listens. 2 The Son left not his portion to the brother. 6 When Sarama had found the mountain's fissure. thy home is heaven: to us. 20 With kine and horses satisfy this longing with very splendid bounty skill extend it. O Indra. grant gifts of cattle. WISE. wins and gathers riches. shared these deeds through worship. the singers. What time his Parents gave the Priest his being. to see his child prolific. light-footed: she who well knew came first unto their lowing. fulfil it. he sped to meet her with an eager spirit. Fain. he made a home to hold him who should gain. with hymns to thee. and strength that wins the booty. it. In the floods' van she led them forth. 22 Call we on Maghavan. who gives aid in battles. O thou Treasure-Lord of treasures. 1. burst the kine's stable open: cows shall be ours. 3 Agni was born trembling with tongue that flickered. 4 Conquering bands upon the Warrior waited: they recognized great light from out the darkness. as a sire. The conscious Dawns went forth to meet his coming. 21 Lord of the kine. so that the Red's great children should be honoured. who slays the Vrtras. O Maghavan. O Indra let us enjoy thine overflow of bounty. 5 The sages freed them from their firmbuilt prison: the seven priests drove them forward with their spirit. Indra. great the Bays' Lord's approach through sacrifices. auspicious Indra. one promoted. . 7 Longing for friendship came the noblest singer: the hill poured forth its treasure for the pious. teaching. Great is their germ. following the thought of Order. whose might is true. full of knowledge. Hero. Seeking the light. of the good pair one acted. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. Kusikas have brought their gift. and the sole Master of the kine was Indra. Wide as a sea our longing hath expanded.May we be winners of abundant riches. May Indra be our wealth with store of children. that born of them is mighty. that vast and ancient place she plundered thoroughly. the sonless gained a grandson from his daughter. 19 Bestow on us resplendent wealth.

13 What time the ample chalice had impelled him. Our leader.Him in whom blameless songs are all united: all powers invincible belong to Indra. Come unto us with thine auspicious friendship. both of them sanctified by Surya's bounty. 11 Indra drove forth the kine. 10 Drawing the milk of ancient seed prolific. Great is the laud.The Hero with young followers fought and conquered. he set the waters flowing. 9 They sate them down with spirit fain for booty. With firm support parted and stayed the Parents. And this is still their place of frequent session. O Vrtra-slayer. 16 Vast. 8 Peer of each noble thing. and. deftly provided him a great and glorious dwelling. as Friend he saved his lovers from dishonour. we seek the Princes' favour. 12 They made a mansion for their Father. with mighty succours. 15 He. fail to attain the measure of thy greatness. 14 I crave thy powers. Indra who shone together with the Heroes begot the song. all creatures doth he know. that move together. O Indra. hastening. rich dominion. to pierce the earth and heaven. Their shout of triumph heated earth and heaven. bringing oil and sweetness. singing from heaven. swift waxing. By the wise cleansings of the meath made holy. splendid. Bull dear to all. 18 Be Lord of joyous songs. the fire. widely spread. while hymns of praise rose up and gifts were offered. all excelling. that Vrtra-slayer. fixed him there erected. sent life and motion to his friends and lovers. Mighty One. vast. fain for war. O Maghavan. he slayeth Susna. sitting. they bade the heroes rouse them. and nights they speed the swift streams onward. yea. poured pleasant juices. Be thou. whereby they sought to gain the months through Order. and Sun and Morning. who gives the power of living. noble and far-extending. The while thy ovely storming Friends. they joyed as they beheld their own possession. the House-Friend. When the kine showed. making with hymns a way to life eternal. and straightway Angiras was singing praises. mighty. all-lucid. having found great. the treasure-holders. For him the Cow. through days. our guard and keeper. . I crave thy mighty friendship: full many a team goes to the Vrtra-slayer. 17 To thee proceed the dark.

6 When thou didst loose the streams to run like racers in the swift contest. meal-blent. who gives aid in battles. 5 Pleased. the Maruts singing forth thy might.19 Like Angiras I honour him with worship. kept the Goddesses encompassed. even the Maruts who were there. Teaching us pleasant things by holy Order. with our libation. The Strong who listens. DRINK thou this Soma. Indra. wins and gathers riches. and. 7 With reverence let us worship mighty Indra. whose hand wields thunder. 4 They. O Indra. Lord of Soma. drink thou the draught of noonday which thou Iovest. for enduring hero might. us hath he thrown open all his portals. soon. O Indra. with Rudras banded. eternal. like a man. mixt with milk. 20 Far forth are spread the purifying waters convey thou us across them unto safety. through the black hosts he passed with red attendants. at our noon libation. the Soma. and renovate old song for him the Ancient. godless. impetuous. heaven's light to help m. having smitten Vrtra With flying weapon where he lay. Indra. 2 Quaff it pure. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. who slays the Vrtras. auspicious Indra. excited with song the meathcreated strength of Indra. to. nor conceived the might of him the Holy. liberal Giver. with the Rudras. O Indra. Maghavan. 22 Call we on Maghavan. make us win spoil of cattle. though he deemed that none might wound him. drink till thou art sated. drink. Save us. Puffing thy cheeks. HYMN XXXII. 21 His kine their Lord hath shown. moved by sacrifice come hither: thou with the Swift Ones stirrest floods and waters. no. Knit with the prayer-fulfilling band of Maruts. 3 Those who gave increase to thy strength and vigour. Chase thou the many godless evil creatures. very soon. O Indra. and give us. Lord of Bays. here loose thy two Bay Horses and rejoice thee. Drink thou. yea. . great and sublime. from harm. Whose greatness the dear world-halves have not measured. our Charioteer. O fair of cheek. By them impelled to act he reached the vitals Of Vrtra. e'en Vrtra's slayer. Indra 1. we have poured forth the Soma for thy rapture. everyouthful.

slewest. FORTH from the bosom of the mountains. still for new blessings may I turn him hither. and. hither. Ahi showing his strength when couched around the waters. wins and gathers riches. more mighty. nor the nights. The heaven itself attained not to thy greatness when with one hip of thine the earth was shadowed. with worship help our worship. thou breakest e'en the firm built stall of cattle. O Indra. Vipas and Sutudri speed down their waters. 17 Call we on Maghavan. that soon as born thou drankest up the Soma. The Strong who listens. He beareth up this earth and heaven. when both sides invocate him. 14 I have brought forth a song when longing seized me: ere the decisive day will I laud Indra. 12 Sacrifice. O Guileless One. 1. O Much-invoked One! not hills that compass thee about restrain thee. Then may lie safely bear us over trouble. 10 As soon as thou wast born in highest heaven thou drankest Soma to delight thee. the dear oblation with the flowing Soma. HYMN XXXIII. made thee wax so mighty. by lauds of later time and days yet recent. Since here incited. O Worshipful. Indra. Presented on the right. for worship helped thy bolt when slaying Ahi. Indra. 9 Herein. dear Soma juices have brought us Indra. he begot the Sun and Morning. is thy true greatness. And when thou hadst pervaded earth and heaven thou wast the first supporter of the singer. Days may not check the power of thee the Mighty. nor the months. 15 Full is his chalice: Glory! Like a pourer I have filled up the vessel for his drinking. who gives aid in battles. 16 Not the deep-flowing flood. auspicious Indra. 11 Thou. eager as two swift mares with loosened rein contending. and none of all the Gods transgress his statutes. for thy friends. who slays the Vrtras. puissant God. as in a ship. Like two bright mother cows who lick their youngling. . doer of marvels. to rejoice him. Indra.8 Many are Indra's nobly wrought achievements. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. nor autumns. Indra. 13 With sacrifice and wish have I brought Indra. Him magnified by ancient songs and praises.

O singer. the warrior band. O bard. 12 The warrior host. I crave your favour who deserve our worship. Flowing together. O Waters. Savitar. and ye. Low. harmless and sinless. pouring riches. Holy Ones. With wain and car from far away thou comest. which future generations shall reecho. Rivers. a moment in your journey. waste away. the blessed. the broad. calling to the Rivers? 5 Linger a little at my friendly bidding rest. Sisters. ye move as 'twere on chariots to the ocean. 13 So let your wave bear up the pins. In hymns. . With hymn sublime soliciting your favour Kusika's son hath called unto the River. fared over the singer won the favour of the Rivers.2 Impelled by Indra whom ye pray to urge you. 11 Soon as the Bharatas have fared across thee. And never may the pair of Bulls. and yield me as a maiden to her lover. 7 That hero deed of Indra must be lauded for ever that he rent Ahi in pieces. Fill full your channels. O lucid Streams. God. What would the singer. show us thy loving kindness. Our flood may not be stayed when urged to motion. led us. Swell with your billows. Then let your streams flow on in rapid motion. with your floods below our axles. and roll swiftly onward. Licking as 'twere their calf the pair of Mothers flow onward to their common home together. we have approached Vipas. him who stayed our currents. Bow lowly down. 3 I have attained the most maternal River. To thee be honour! 9 List quickly. to the bard who cometh to you from far away with car and wagon. each of you seeks the other. the Bharatas. Humble us not mid men. be easy to be traversed stay. spare the thongs. 6 Indra who wields the thunder dug our channels: he smote down Vrtra. He smote away the obstructors with his thunder. urged on and sped by Indra. 8 Never forget this word of thine. will I bend me. and eager for their course forth flowed the waters. 10 Yea. and at his sending forth we flow expanded. hasting. 4 We two who rise and swell with billowy waters move forward to the home which Gods have made us. O singer. we will listen to thy words. swelling with your billows. like a nursing mother. the lovely-handed.

He who burns fierce in forests slaughtered Vyamsa. the Hero decking my song of praise forth. He who hath won this broad earth and this heaven. and chased away opponents: thus was he tamer of the overweening. he smote the Dasyus. he gained the forest trees and air's mid-region. the victory-giver. 9 He gained possession of the Sun and Horses. For man the days' bright ensign he illumined. 11 Call we on Maghavan. O Indra. and gave protection to the Aryan colour. 10 He took the plants and days for his possession. hostile bands with those who loved him. Immortal. the winner of the light and Godlike Waters. he hath filled earth and heaven. through wondrous arts crushed the malignant Dasyus. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. Wise singers glorify with chanted praises these his achievements in Vivasvan's dwelling. Indra with lightnings hath o'ercome the Dasa. the Strong. 3 Leading. weak grew the wily leader of enchanters. These holy songs he taught the bard who gaised him. auspicious Indra. who listens. dispelling foemen. 2 I stimulate thy zeal. Indra obtained the Cow who feedeth many. wins and gathers treasures. 5 Forward to fiercely falling blows pressed Indra. and widely spread these Dawns' resplendent colour. 1. 7 Lord of the brave. Indra who rules the people gave freedom to the Gods by might and battle. FORT-RENDER. the many glorious deeds performed by Indra. the Bounteous Giver. 8 Excellent. . and found the light for his joy and gladness. his band Indra encompassed Vrtra. who gives aid in battles. 4 Indra. Vala he cleft. -in Indra they rejoice who love devotions. victorious. light-winner. Treasure of gold he won. thou art equally the Leader of heavenly hosts and human generations. days' Creator. The Strong.HYMN XXXIV. Lord of Wealth. Conqueror. 6 They laud the mighty acts of him the Mighty. Impelled by prayer and waxen great in body. Indra. who slays the Vrtras. herolike doing many hero exploits. conquered. and made the Milch-kine of the nights apparent. He in his strength. with all-surpassing prowess.

Sit on the sacred grass at this our worship. and cease not. who. the two swift Bay Steeds to the pole I harness. Indra. and come to us like Vayu with his coursers. the God who is invoked by many. e'en to this sacrifice arranged completely. 7 The grass is strewn for thee. and. hastening to us. Let thy Steeds eat. Drink thou thereof. shalt drink the Soma. . with cows. thy vigorous and smooth-backed Coursers. O Indra. strong. O thou Holy. the grain is ready for thy Bays to feed on. wise and all-knowing come thou to the Soma. Mounting thy firm and easy car. auspicious Indra. eagerly desirous drink thou this Soma with the tongue of Agni. Indra. fleet friendly Bays who take their joy together. MOUNT the Bay Horses to thy chariot harnessed. Come. who slays the Vrtras. or by the tongue of Agni. the men. be thou gracious. 2 For him. Sublime One. The Strong.HYMN XXXV Indra. 11 Call we on Maghavan. To thee who lovest them. knowing well the ways thou goest. Indra. set free thy Tawny Horses. pressed is the Soma. 6 Thine is this Sorna: hasten to approach it.With these accordant. they with whom thou sharedst Soma. drink thereof. who made thee strong and were thine army. 9 The Maruts. girt by Maruts. 1. 8 This the sweet draught. 4 Those who are yoked by prayer I harness. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. benevolent. foreseeing. of the juice by thine own nature. Accept the sacrificial gift. Bull of Godlike nature. Indra. the mountains. the very mighty. friendly-minded. Indra. and take these drops into thy belly. 3 Bring the strong Steeds who drink the warm libation. Thou. 10 Drink. are these gifts presented. the waters. who listens. Pass by them all and hasten onward hither: with Soma pressed we will prepare to feast thee. from the Adhvaryu's hand or from the Hotar's. wins and gathers riches. O Sakra. We have poured it for thy rapture. and roasted grain like this consume thou daily. have for thee made ready. That they in fleet course may bring Indra hither. Hail.gives aid in battles. 5 No other worshippers must stay beside them thy Bays.

discovered. he hath become renowned by mighty exploits. 8 Like lakes appear his flanks filled full with Soma: yea. quick-banded. both Somas of old time and these we bring thee. a new guest. claimed the Soma. Lord of the Tawny Coursers. They drain the stalk out with their arms. Indra . he. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. grant us abundant wealth that brings all blessings. Grown great through strengthening gifts at each libation. who listens. whereby he grew strongjointed. 2 For Indra were the Somas erst. the Lord of wealth and treasure. 10 O Indra. fain thyself to share it. who gives aid in battles. so to the sea. Maghavan. the waters. That splendid gift which is thine own. so drink to-day. fills him. as borne on cars. take quickly these presented juices: drink of the strong. O Indra. after slaying Vrtra. wins and gathers riches. he contains libations in abundance. 3 Drink and wax great. surpassing power is his. When Indra had consumed the first sweet viands. his steers have vigour. Indra. and let none prevent it: we know thee well. Maghavan. make this oblation which we bring effective. vast. The Strong. . the rivers carry the well-pressed Soma juice to Indra. and skilful. WITH constant succours. Give us a hundred autumns for our lifetime: give us. 6 As floods according to their stream flow onward. Him the broad earth hath never comprehended when Somas cheered the Lord of Tawny Coursers. 4 Great and impetuous. Vaster is Indra even than his dwelling. the Soma. 1. impetuous mover. meet for praises. who slays the Vrtras. earlier Somas. Thine are the juices.HYMN XXXVI. auspicious. Indra. O fair-checked Indra. and cleanse it with a stream of mead and filters. mighty-voiced in battle. 7 Eager to mingle with the sea. Indra. Indra is our kind Lord. 9 Then bring thou hither. what time the stalk milked out. and strength resistless. 5 Mighty and strong he waxed for hero exploit: the Bull was furnished a Sage's wisdom. store of heroes. vouchsafe to us. his cows are many with abundant offspring. Even as thou drankest. that which the strong have shaken. 11 Call we on Indra.

5 First the more ancient Bull engendered offspring. That is the Bull's. they decked the heaven and earth for high dominion. bright. To win us booty in the wars. Or. I long to see the sages full of wisdom. O Indra. 7 In splendid combats of the hosts. 4 Even as he mounted up they all adorned him: self-luminous he travels clothed in splendour. Win splendid fame which none may mar We make thy might perpetual. Indra. a thought have I imagined like a workman. these are his many draughts that lent him vigour. Lord of Hundred Powers. 2 O Indra. and they have come to be sky's upholders. in glories where the fight is won. HASTING like some strong courser good at drawing. vigilant. O INDRA. with all our songs we invocate Thy names for triumph over foes. 3 Assuming in this world mysterious natures. great glory hast thou gained. . powers which thou mid the Five Races hast displayedThese. Lord of Hundred Powers. the Asura's mighty figure: he. O Thunder-armed. 8 Drink thou the Soma for our help. Of Indra who supports mankind. come to us thence. fixed their broad expanses. that Vrtra may be slain. These are thy heart-sought strengthening directions. Lord of Hundred Powers. Direct thy spirit and thine eye. 9 O Satakratu. Measured with measures. 6 In battles be victorious. be victor over foes. Indra. Pondering what is dearest and most noble. HYMN XXXVIII. wherever be thy home.HYMN XXXVII. Indra. Sakra. Lord of Hundred Powers. 1. Indra. for the strength that slays Vrtra and conquers in the fight. omniform. Indra. 5 For Vrtra's slaughter I address Indra whom many invocate. exceeding strong. do I claim of thee. may those who praise thee hitherward. 1. 2 Ask of the sages' mighty generations firm-minded and devout they framed the heaven. set the great worlds apart held firm for safety. hath reached the eternal waters. 4 We strive for glory through the powers immense of him whom many praise. 3 O Indra. We turn thee hitherward to us. 10 Indra. Indra. 11 Come to us either from anear. We seek thee. come from far away.

the Couple newly born attain their beauty. 5 Where as a Friend with friendly men. 6 Indra found meath collected in the milch-cow. Enduing still some new celestial figure. wins and gathers riches. To Indra from the heart the hymn proceedeth. notice. 2 Born from the heaven e'en in the days aforetime. ye honour with your presence. The wakening song sung forth in holy synod: that which is born for thee. Killing the darkness at the light's foundation. Gandharvas in their course with wind-blown tresses. many. Navagvas. going thither in the spirit. sting aloud in holy synod. in the cow's place of pasture. Maghavan. wakening. two Sons of Heaven. ye twain. All the wise Gods behold his varied actions who stands erect. O Indra. Indra. 6 Three seats ye Sovrans. the Ancient: as heavenly blessing keep your guard around us. Their strengthener was Indra the Majestic he spread their stalls of kine the Wonder-Worker. with heroes. here with the strong Bull's divers forms they stablished. none of mortals. There. by foot and hoof. 3 The Mother of the Twins hath borne Twin Children: my tongue's tip raised itself and rested silent. auspicious. HYMN XXXIX. all. 10 Call we on Indra. verily with ten Dasagvas Indra found the Sun lying hidden in the darkness. 7 That same companionship of her. 4 Not one is found among them. to blame our sires who fought to win the cattle. his work. clad in white and shining raiment. the Great. . on his knees he sought the cattle. yea. The Strong. in the Holy synod. by hymns of sacrifice have won dominion. built with praises. who gives aid in battles. 1. the Milch-cow. There saw I. whose voice is like a herdsman's. to him the Lord. this is the ancient hymn of our forefathers. Auspicious. recited. who slays the Vrtras. He covers both all-fostering worlds with praises even as a woman cherishes her children. who listens. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. the skilful workers shaped a form around him. 9 Fulfil.From days of old ye Kings. 8 Let no one here debar me from enjoying the golden light which Savitar diffuses.

The Strong. which never fail: He drinks the Soma and is strong 8 From far away. O Soma-drinker. hidden in the waters. So drink thou of the savoury juice. Great woe comes even from the hostile mortal. 6 Drink our libation. 9 Call we on Maghavan. come to us: Accept the songs we sing to thee. Indra. O Vrtra-slayer. Hero. 1. enjoy the offered cake. who slays the Vrtras. Thou highly-lauded Lord of men. with all the Gods promote our wealth-bestowing sacrifice. 5 Within thy belly. auspicious Indra. HYMN XLI. 1. 4 Lord of the brave. Soma the most excellent: Thine are the drops celestial. Indra. INVOKED to drink the Soma juice. 7 To Indra go the treasures of the worshipper. 8 Let there be light through both the worlds for worship: may we be far from most overwhelming evil. The pressing-stones were set at morn. he held in his right hand. the grass is regularly strewn. but good at rescue are the Vasus. who gives aid in battles. from near at hand. Indra. 2 Our priest is seated. Indra. wins and gathers riches. what time the Soma is expressed. Indra.That which lay secret. 3 Indra. come thou hitherward. the rich rewarder. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. These songs. Indra. O thou who hearest prayer are offered: seat thee on the grass. Indra. true to time. to thee proceed these drops of Soma juice expressed. HYMN XL. . 2 Indra. cheered by Soma. be thou pleased with these libations. come with thy Bay Steeds. Thence. with these hymns. Thunderarmed Come. discerning it from darkness: may we be far removed from all misfortune. hitherward to me. accept the strength-conferring Soma juice: Quaff. The bright drops to thy dwelling-place. pour down drink that satisfies. 4 O Vrtra-slayer. 9 When from the space between the near and far thou art invoked by us. take juice. accept from thy most zealous poet. who listens. THEE. Lord of hymns: with streams of meath thou art bedewed Our glory. 3 These prayers. whom many laud. piled up. we invoke. Indra. 7 He took the light. the Bull. is thy gift.

7 We. this juice which we have pressed. thus rapidly sent hence. come quickly to this our sacrifice that heightens worship. with our lauds. These men who bring oblation call thee hither. thou Prince of Wealth. passing by many people. sing thee hymns Thou. vast. HYMN XLIII. to Sorna. Loose for the sacred grass thy dear companions. 2 Come our true Friend. For these our hymns are calling thee. We Kusikas who seek thine aid. 3 Pleased. bearing oblation. 1. Indra. MOUNTED upon thy chariot-seat approach us: thine is the Sorna-draught from days aforetime. and resolute in battles. 7 Borne hither by thy Stallions. COME to the juice that we have pressed. dropping oil. for thee. Mingled with barley and with milk. Indra. To turn him to the Soma-draught. to seat thee on the grass. Lord divine. Vasu. as mother-cows their calf. with thy Bay Steeds. soliciting thy friendship. drinker of the Soma's juice.Song-loving Indra. Indra. Indra. to this gladdening drink. come with thy two Bay Steeds to our devotions. Indra. 6 We know thee winner of the spoil. to drink the Soma juice. dearly lovest us. these Somas are expressed. thy Bay-drawn car! 2 Come. loose not thy Horses far from us: Here glad thee. Sage! Therefore thy blessing we implore. God. I urge the Soma for thy draught: Deep in thy heart let it remain. pressed out with stones: Wilt thou not drink thy fill thereof? 3 To Indra have my songs of praise gone forth. Indra. 8 Indra. 9 May long-maned Coursers. in thine own place. dearly loving thee. Lord Of Hundred Powers. 1. bring thee on swift car hitherward. 9 We call on thee. HYMN XLII. Indra. placed on the grass. hymns formed for praise. O Indra. Indra. 8 O thou to whom thy Bays are dear. drink. Take them within thy belly. . 6 Delight thee with the juice we pour for thine own great munificence: Yield not thy singer to reproach. favouring us. Indra. Indra. 4 Hither with songs of praise we call Indra to drink the Soma juice: Will he not come to us by lauds? 5 Indra. the Ancient One. 5 Our hymns caress the Lord of Strength. bleat with milk: Come. Indra.

girt with the bright. May this delightsome Soma be expressed for thee by tawny stones. who slays the Vrtras. with tawny steeds drave forth the kine. Indra. Indra. Indra. knowing. 3 The heaven with streams of golden hue. Indra disclosed. 8 Call we on Indra. Indra. Let no men cheek thy course as fowlers stay the bird: pass o'er them as o'er . Indra. Thou. with tails like peacocks' plumes. wins and gathers riches. with thy Bay Steeds come:. the golden thunder in his arms. Friend. with Bay Steeds. their ruler? Make me a Rsi having drunk of Soma? Wilt thou not give me wealth that lasts for ever? 6 Yoked to thy chariot. In whose wild joy thou stirrest up the people. 5 The bright. led thy tall Bays. Disclosed the Soma juice pressed out by tawny stones. may Indra. O Indra. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. auspicious. joyous. 1. presenting oil to feed thee. impetuous Maghavan. let thy two Bay Stallions bear thee hither. in love thou madest Surya shine. 2 In love thou madest Usas glow. make me. bear thee hither. companions of thy banquet. Lord of Tawny Steeds. 1. COME hither. the well-loved thunderbolt. above all glories waxest great. in whose wild joy thou didst unbar the cow-stalls. thinking. Lord of Tawny Steeds. 5 Wilt thou not make me guardian of the people. HYMN XLV. thy dear companions. who listens. well limbed and good to draw. hear his friend's adoration. 4 When born to life the golden Bull illumines all the realm of light. Indra. 4 Yea. He takes his golden weapon. who gives aid in battles. Pleased with the corn-blent offering which we bring thee. ascend thy goldencoloured car. HYMN XLIV. Makhavan.For with my thoughts. 7 Drink of the strong pressed out by strong ones. Joying thereat. the Bull's impetuous and well-groomed Horses. I call thee to the feast of sweet libations. The Strong. that which the Falcon brought thee when thou longedst. Who from of old press to heaven's farthest limits. earth with her tints of green and goldThe golden Pair yield Indra plenteous nourishment: between them moves the golden One.

OF thee. Indra. Impetuous Indra in his might cxccedcth wide vast mid-air and heaven and earth together. ancient and ever youthful. Mighty Lord. the Warrior. aIl-comprehending.desert lands. 2 Indra. through manly vigour. 4 To Indra. even as rivers to the ocean. which the earth and heaven bear for thee as a mother bears her infant. as with hooks. be thou most swift to hear our call. the well of holy thoughts. like kine thou cherishest thy might. our share. 3 Like pools of water deep and full. waxen in thy strength. vigorous Hero! Adhvaryus purify for thee to drink of. 3 He hath surpassed all measure in his brightness. the Soma. Indra. great are the exploits. 4 Bring thou us wealth with power to strike. for rapture even as thou listest. for wealth to satisfy our wish. self-ruling Lord art thou. 5 Indra. subduing others. burst the cloud. The undecaying One who wields the thunder. Indra. Indra who mounts his chariot at his Bay Steeds' cry. of most glorious fame. shatters e'en things that stand most firm. yea. joyous and fierce. for joy. as wise Vrtra-slayer. 1. the tree for ripened fruit. drive away assailants and make us safe on every side . 1. Hero. Pour down the flood of meath within thy belly: thou from of old art King of Soma juices. Indra. good Leader. and the Gods. O thou whom many praise. flow forth from days of old the Soma juices. To him wide deep and mighty from his birth-time. HYMN XLVI. Like the milch-cows that go well-guarded to the mead. Thyself alone the universe's Sovran: so send forth men to combat and to rest them. Marut-girt. DRINK. accordant. 2 He who slew Vrtra. like water-brooks that reach the lake. 'gainst him who calls it his. renowned and great. Shake. Indra. 2 Great art thou. O fierce One. Indra. Slay thou our foemen. So. 5 The Soma. for none may be his equal. as Bull. gathering spoil. drink Soma. This they send forth to thee. Sovran Ruler. this. brake the strongholds and drave the floods. with the banded Maruts. the Bull. HYMN XLVII.

of the goodly mixture blent with Soma. keeping aloof the others. Indra. pervading both worlds. Wise. fain to taste it. rainer . hath shortened the Dasyu's life with Warriors bold of spirit. GREAT Indra will I laud. whom thou madest sharers. drink in season. who gives aid in battles. 1. Indra. drinker at due seasons. he framed his body even as he listed. 'Gainst Sambara. Mighty. our pressed-out Soma. of surpassing vigour. Lord of Bays! in winning cattle. E'en from his birth-time Indra conquered Tvastar. and wrought great exploits in his varied aspects. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. and thou slewest Vrtra. Whom. 3 And. Heaven and Earth. banded with the Maruts who. first. 5 The Bull whose strength hath waxed. 1. in whom all people who drink the Soma have attained their longing. Gods. all-conquering. Drink thou thy fill. he moved on. who slays the Vrtras. and on her breast beheld the pungent Soma. according to thy longing. and now rejoice in thee. most heroic. who listens. Who. formed by a Master's hand. Indra. to crush the Vrtras. most vigorous. reaching far. SOON as the young Bull sprang into existence he longed to taste the pressed-out Soma's liquor. the Dame who bare thee. him let us call to grant us new protection. passing wise. 3 Desiring food he came unto his Mother. 4 Fierce. verily none subdueth in the battle. 3 Victor in fight. auspicious Indra. bore off the Soma and in beakers drank it. engendered. quickly conquering. poured for thee in thy mighty Father's dwelling. gave thee the victory. borne by Tawny Coursers. drankest the plant's milk which the mountains nourish. the celestial Ruler.from danger. swift mover like a warhorse. Indra. 2 That day when thou wast born thou. 5 Call we on Maghavan. HYMN XLIX. whom Maruts follow. 4 Drink Soma. HYMN XLVIII. That milk thy Mother first. strengthened thee at Ahi's slaughter. The Maruts following. wins and gathers riches. the victory-giver. 2 Whom. free-giving Indra. Maghavan. the holy Singers. The Strong. with friendly Gods.

fair. 5 Call we on Maghavan. To he invoked in war like Bhaga. Impetuous God. Swift. HYMN LI. 5 Call we on Maghavan. Here. Immortal One. LET Indra drink. strong. invoked with beauteous songs. 4 With kine and horses satisfy this longing with very splendid bounty still extend it. lauding for help and rule the bounteous rainer.-the mighty Bull come. 2 To Indra from all sides go forth my songs of praise. HIGH hymns have sounded forth the praise of Maghavan. The Strong. breaker-down of forts. the Kusikas have brought their gift. for Indra taketh care of matchless worshippers. . 1. like the sea. of hymns. prompt to hear. Hero. his car is Vayu with his team of Vasus.down of blessings. strength-giver. faithful and everglorious. who listens. Far-reaching. 3 With milk they made Indra their good Preserver. who slays the Vrtras. who slays the Vrtras. 1. let him fill him with these viands. auspicious Indra. hither. who gives aid in battles. supporter of mankind. with hymns to thee. 4 Supporting heaven. All-hail! for his is Soma. Seeking the light. Indra. wins and gathers treasure. whose faithful service from of old thou lovest. O Indra. Illumining the nights. winner of the booty. whose praise each day is sung aloud. the Sun's creator. the Lord of Hundred Powers. as 'twere. Him who hath waxen great. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. finder of the light. girt by Maruts. 3 Where battle's spoil is piled the singer winneth praise. who listens. auspicious Indra. enraptured send us cattle in abundance. like Dhisana he deals forth strength and riches. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. Father. who gives aid in battles. of Indra meet for lauds. and let our offering sate his body's longing. Indra. HYMN L. wins and gathers riches. The Strong. the singers. the high back of the region. fair of cheek! let thy Bay Coursers place thee: drink of this lovely welleffused libation. 2 I yoke thy pair of trusty Steeds for swiftness. when thou hast drunk the Soma.

and enjoy the well-dressed sacrificial cake: Oblations are poured forth to thee. accept at break of day our Soma mixt with roasted corn. The heavens. as thou didst drink the juice beside Saryata. the living waters. 5 Abundant are the gifts he gives to mortals: for him the earth bears a rich store of treasures. Under thy guidance. 6 To thee. rich in noble gifts. good Friend. Lord of Bays. and through thy head by prayer. 2 Accept. As Kinsman think thou of some fresh assistance. thou who lovest song. 7 Here. As he who woes accepts his bride. 11 Incline thy body to this juice which suits thy Godlike nature well: May it cheer thee who lovest it. shall the priests glorify with songg and praises. accept the songs of praise we sing. With them together let the Vrtra-slayer drink in his home the worshipper's libation. let it work through both thy flanks. With groats with cake. skilled in fair sacrifices. Hero. 12 Brave Indra. . sole Lord from days aforetime. 4 Thee. our juice. this juice hath been pressed for thee with strength Drink of it. accept the cake at our libation poured at dawn. And through thine arms. the forest trees preserve their wealth for Indra. O Indra. for ever are offered prayers and songs: accept them gladly. Forgreat. O Indra. INDRA. rejoiced in Indra. 3 Consume our sacrificial cake. 5 Let roasted corn of our midday libation. the growing plants. most heroic of the heroes. with thy friends the Maruts. is thy power. 10 So. O Maruts: they. 4 Famed from of old. and sacrificial cake here please thee.He in Vivasvan's dwelling findeth his delight: praise thou the everconquering slayer of the foe. 8 So eagerly desirous drink the Soma. Full of all wondrous power he goes to conquest: worship is his. Since at thy birth all Deities adorned thee for the great fight. with eulogies. to prosper us. 1. Indra. valorous. HYMN LII. drink thou Soma with the Maruts. the singers serve. O thou invoked of many. Lord of affluent gifts. O Indra. Indra. Indra. 9 He was your comrade in your zeal. give strength and life to those who praise thee. O Indra. in thy keeping.

Where thy tall chariot hath a place to rest in. effecting magic changes in his body. With sweetest song I grasp. Sage. O Parvata and Indra. 1. thy garment's hem as a child grasps his father's. 7 Bounteous are these. 2 Stay still. may hymns accordant with thee daily strengthen thee. 4 A wife. through fit . Virupas: the Asura's Heroes and the Sons of Heaven. bring pleasant viands. a draught of well-pressed Soma will I give thee. O Maghavan. Indra. HYMN LIII. let Agni as our Herald speed to call thee. Lord of Bay Steeds. 8 Bring forth the roasted corn to meet him quickly. and where thqu loosest thy loud-neighing Courser. sing we both. Gods. With offered viands and with songs may we assist thee. whom Vaja and the Rbhus wait upon. They. 6 Thou hast drunk Soma.What time the lauding singer. Enjoy the gifts. Brother. prolong his life through countless Soma-pressings. O Mighty Indra. banded with the Maruts. turn thee homeward. 5 Depart. corn for thee. Where thy tall chariot hath a place to rest in. ON a high car. thy racious Consort. Etc. and thy strong Courser is set free with guerdon. 3 Adhvaryu. O Maghavan is home and dwelling: so let thy Bay Steeds yoked convey thee hither. at our sacrifices wax strong by hymns. drinker out of season. keen of purpose and eager as a bull. Angirases. Indra. Holy One. with thy horses. giving store of wealth to Visvamitra. drink the Soma. cake for the bravest Hero mid the heroes. Vrtra-slayer. hither. in a moment. wise Hero. Whenever we press out for thee the Soma. 7 The groats have we prepared for thee with Pusan. Bold One. Upon this sacrificer's grass he seated: to Indra shall our eulogy be uttered.again come hither: both there and here thy goat is Indra. Indra. 6 At the third sacrifice. O Maghavan. rejoice in our oblation. advance no farther. Parvata. Eat thou the meal-cake. 8 Maghavan weareth every shape at pleasure. give glory to the roasted corn and holy cake. sing thou in answer: make we a laud acceptable to Indra. coming thrice. O thou whom many praise. with brave heroes. for the draught of Soma. thy joy is in thy home. with hymns implores thee.

Safe may we be until we reach our homes and rest us and unyoke. glad in your hymns with juice poured forth in sacrifice. the low-born. restrained the billowy river. give our bodies strength. with the Gods. May Indra. then Indra through the Kusikas grew friendly. 19 Enclose thee in the heart of Khayar timber. 17 Strong be the pair of oxen. Maghavan. This prayer of Visvamitra keeps secure the race of Bharatas. 12 Praises to Indra have I sung. The Daughter of the Sun hath spread our glory among the Gods. Bring thou to us the wealth of Pramaganda. Strength to our seed and progeny that they may live. thou Hero. firm the axles. she bestows new vital power. prepare a song of praise with pressing-stones. Show thyself strong. 21 With various aids this day come to us. strength to the bulls who draw the wains. they heat no caldron. 15 Sasarpari. west. Daughter of Paksa. imperishable. from heaven. keep the yoke-pins from decaying: attend us. over the generations of the Fivefold Race. sages who look on men. 9 The mighty sage. ye Kutikas drink up the Soma's savoury meath. 20 Let not this sovran of the wood leave us forlorn or injure us. who looks on men. then at earth's choicest place perform his worship. O Axle. 16 Sasarpari brought glory speedily to these. God-born and God-incited. Indra.prayers. with best aids speed us. Ye singers. 10 Like swans. O Maghavan. let loose Sudas's horse to win him riches. she whom the ancient Jamadagnis gave to me.give up to us. hath lowed with mighty voice dispelling famine. and north. 11 Come forward. let the King slay the foeman. sustainer of this earth and heaven. and be attentive. 18 O Indra. Kusikas. 13 The Visvamitras have sung forth this prayer to Indra Thunder-aimed: So let him make us prosperous. thou whose fellies are uninjured. for thou art he who giveth strength. fixed and strengthened: throw us not from the car whereon we travel. Let him who hatcth us fall headlong downward: him whom we hate let vital . let not the pole slip nor the yoke be broken. the gift of Jamadagnis. in the car wrought of Sinsapa put firmness. 14 Among the Kikatas what do thy cattle? They pour no milky draught. East. deathless. When Visvamitra was Sudas's escort.

To him adorable. so he pours out foam. 24 These men. And. HYMN LIV. 22 He heats his very axe. To Heaven and Earth I offer this my homage. O Indra. to battle.breath abandon. speak to each other names that are united. rejoicing in the seat of Order. Visvedevas. this strengthening hymn. with food. like a caldron cracked and seething. our kinship with our mighty Sire and . And brave men in the fightwhere heroes conquer. the sons of Bharata. have they offered. but they are in remote and secret regions. as sisters. Eternal One. that flies. They make a home as for a bird. One All is Lord of what is fixed and moving. at whose laud in synods. regard not severance or close connexion. mighty. though parted. and take him. 2 To mighty Heaven and Earth I sing forth loudly: my wish goes out desirous and well knowing Both. O Indra. that walks. they bring the red beast deeming it a bullock. 6 The Sage who looketh on mankind hath viewed them bedewed. though bearing up the mighty Gods they reel not. 5 What pathway leadeth to the Gods? Who knoweth this of a truth. being young for evermore. 9 Afar the Ancient from of old I ponder. and who will now declare it? Seen are their lowest dwelling-places only. the ancient sages whose word was ever true had power to find you. with far-distant limits. meet for synods. 4 Yea. with heavenly lustre. O Earth. 8 All living things they part and keep asunder. showing favour. 7 Partners though parted. and then cuts a mere Semal blossom off. on one firm place both stand for ever watchful. may your great law he faithful: he ye our leaders for our high advantage. hear us. with one same will finding themselves together. A sluggish steed men run not with the courser. May Agni hear us with his homely splendours. holy Heaven and Earth. 3 O Heaven and Earth. have known you well and paid you honour. this multiform creation. as I pray for riches. the Gods rejoice them with the living mortal. O Agni. unceasing. 1. 23 Men notice not the arrow. They urge their own steed as it were another's. O ye people. nor ever lead an ass before a charger. swift as the bow's string.

resting firm. that all ye Deities abide in Indra. who rules through all his powers heroic. skiful-handed. May Earth and Heaven. gather thou up and bring us store of cattle. 13 Borne on their flashing car. and Sarasvati. 15 Indra.Singing the praise whereof the Gods by custom stand on the spacious farextended pathway. O Heaven and Earth. 10 This laud. hath with his majesty filled earth and heaven. never disregard him. . the golden-handed. ye Wise. the waters.Father. comes thrice from heaven as Lord in our assembly. The Holy. May Aditi with the Adityas hear us. For ye are they who give us store of riches: ye guard your gift uncheated by the bounteous. kind tokinsmen: the Asvins' kinship is a glorious title. Friend. The lot of childlessness remove ye from us. give us wealth with noble offspring. give us these things to aid us.The Chieftain of the Mighty Stride. Sovran Rulers. the wise and very glorious Adityas. the nimble Youths of Heaven. Savitar. the spear-armed Maruts. may Tvastar. and let our course be rich in kine and offspring. hear us. Fort-crusher. and. rejoice in freshening moisture. shall hear us: ye Mighty. whose Mothers. complete and perfect safety. the Sun. and Maruts grant us their auspicious shelter. Lord of brave hosts. Varuna and Mitra. the Sons of Order. 17 This is. sent to many a quarter. God. 20 Hear us the mouatains which distil the rain-drops. 18 Aryaman. songs And praises shall go as singers on the road of Bhaga. and the wide firmament and constellations. 19 May the Gods' envoy. to you I utter: let the kind-hearted hear. proclaim us sinless for our perfect safety. whose tongue is Agni. 14 To Visnu rich in marvels. the many young Dames. 16 My Sires are the Nasatyas. holy. helpful. your great and glorious title. Young. Much-invoked! art thou with thy dear Rbhus: fashion ye this our hymn for our advantage. Bear to the Gods this song of praise. then. Ye Rbhus joined with Pusan: ye have prepared the rite with stones adjusted. and send us. Take your delight. 11 The fair-tongued Savitar. Aditi deserve our worship: the laws of Varuna remain unbroken. 12 Deft worker. Vrtra-slayer.

Visvedevas. and light us every day with loving kindness. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Child of two Mothers. he goeth to the realm of splendour. Let us declare the truth when fire is kindled. mighty. They who speak sweetly bring him sweet addresses. all those foemen. in thy friendship: may I attain the seat of foodful. combine thou for our good all kinds of glory. in the Cow's home was born the Great Eternal. Safe be my bliss. Though they are unimpregned. he wanders unrestrained. 1. the herbs besprinkle. nor Fathers of old time who know the region. Conquer in battle. . 22 Enjoy the offering: beam thou strength upon us. Agni. each thing that comes anear is seen to meet him.21 Soft be our path for ever. 6 Now lying far away. swiftly within the newlyborn and tender. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion 2 Let not the Gods here injure us. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. And looketh on us. sole Lord in synods. 8 As to a friendly warrior when he battles. Nor the sign set between two ancient dwellings. The hymn commingles with the cow's oblation. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. extended through the wood be lies on couches. O Agni. clad in wondrous beauty. Now shall the statutes of the Gods be valid. riches. AT the first shining of the earliest Mornings. O Agni. These are the laws of Varuna and Mitra. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 4 King Universal. the single youngling. HYMN LV. 9 Deep within these the hoary envoy pierceth. 3 My wishes fly abroad to many places: I glance back to the ancient sacrifices. he makes them fruitful. 5 Lodged in old plants. O Gods. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Priest. 7 Child of two Mothers. he still precedes while resting as foundation. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. well-provisioned: with pleasant meath. he grows again in younger. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. born to sundry quarters. One Mother rests: another feeds the Infant.

the guardian. bright shines the other. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 19 Tvastar the God. meet and give suck yielding their lordly nectar. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 12 Where the two Cows. or by fives are harnessed. And yet these two. arc all these living creatures. 13 Loud hath she lowed. The Hero is renowned for gathering riches. the other hidden. the red. 14 Earth weareth beauties manifold: uplifted. variant Pair. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. I praise them at the seat of law eternal. the dark. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. streaming. 16 Let the milch-kine that have no calves storm downward. Great is the Gods' supreme dominion. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. yielding rich nectar. the earth's Protector. King. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. His. 11 Ye. Creator. another herd receives the genial moisture. Well-skilled I seek the seat of law eternal. 21 Yea. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. licking her Calf of eighteen months. 17 What time the Bull bellows in other regions. and on this our earth the All-Sustainer dwells like a King with noble friends about him. These who are ever new and fresh and youthful. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. unexhausted. the omniform.10 Visnu. Agni knows well all these created beings. 15 Within a wondrous place the Twain are treasured: the one is manifest. 18 Let us declare the Hero's wealth in horses. . keeps the loftiest station. upholding dear. begets and feeds mankind in various manner. One common pathway leads in two directions. immortal dwelling-places. verily. O all ye folk: of this the Gods have knowledge. the Mother and the Daughter. 20 The two great meeting Bowls hath he united: each of the Pair is laden with histreasure. are Sisters. On what world hath the Milch-cow laid her udder? This Ila streameth with the milk of Order. licking the other's youngling. have made yourselves twin beauties: one of the Twain is dark. Sixfold they bear him. For he is Bhaga. she standeth.

Visvedevas. nor the fixed hills. And spacious Heaven and Earth. thrice here from heaven supreme in our assembly. Holy and vigorous. 1. and three. 1. three-uddered. 6 Do thou. the triple-breasted. Three are the holy Ladies of the Waters. HYMN LVII. one is apparent. MY thought with fine discernment hath discovered the Cow who wanders free without a herdsman. the Waters. send down thy blessings daily. O Indra. Near stand three Mighty Ones who travel swiftly: two are concealed from sight. Thrice may the Gods from heaven attend our synod. and the Waters. 4 When nigh them. Ruleth majestic with his triple aspect. 5 Streams! the wise Gods have thrice three habitations. rule as Sovrans. Preserver! 7 Savitar thrice from heaven pours down abundance. be bowed by sage devices. the Highest. triple wealth and treasure. The Goddesses. as their tracer he observed them: he called aloud the dear name of Adityas.In his protection heroes rest in safety. solicit wealth that Savitar may send us. with a brood in many places. 22 Rich in their gifts for thee are herbs and waters. HYMN LVI. Child of three Mothers. cause the two worlds to prosper us. and earth brings all her wealth for thee. 8 Three are the bright realms. 3 The Bull who wears all shapes. the Bull. and the fair-handed Kings Varuna. . O Bhaga. stayed to meet him: they who were wandering separate enclosed him. supports six burthens: the Cows proceed to him the true. Mitra. Send us. Her who hath straightway poured me food in plenty: Indra and Agni therefore are her praisers. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. May we as friends of thine share goodly treasures. the Everlasting Ones' impregner. 2 One. best. he is Lord in synods. beyond attainment. never to be injured. Ne'er may the earth and heaven which know not malice. O Savitar. Great is the Cods' supreme and sole dominion. from heaven thrice hither. the Asura's Heroes. not men of wisdom impair the Gods' first steadfast ordinances. moving not away. Visvedevas. three times a day. NOT men of magic skill. yea.

2 Indra and Pusan, deft of hand and mighty, well-pleased have drained the
heaven's exhaustless udder.
As in this praise the Gods have all delighted, may I win blessing here from
you, O Vasus.
3 Fain to lend vigour to the Bull, the siste.. with reverence recognize the
germ within him.
The Cows come lowing hither to the Youngling, to him endued with great
and wondrous beauties.
4 Fixing with thought, at sacrifice, the press-stones, I bid the well-formed
Heaven and Earth come hither;
For these thy flames, which give men boons in plenty, rise up on high, the
beautiful, the holy.
5 Agni, thy meath-sweet tongue that tastes fair viands, which among Gods is
called the far-extended,Therewith make all the Holy Odes be seated here for our help, and feed
them with sweet juices.
6 Let thy stream give us drink, O God, O Agni, wonderful and exhaustless
like the rain-clouds.
Thus care for us, O Vasu Jatavedas, show us thy loving-kindness, reaching all

1. THE Ancient's Milch-cow yields the things we long for: the Son of Daksina
travels between them.
She with the splendid chariot brings refulgence. The praise of Usas hath
awoke the Asvins.
2 They bear you hither by well-orderd statute: our sacred offerings rise as if
to parents.
Destroy in us the counsel of the niggard come hitherward, for we have
shown you favour.
3 With lightly-rolling car and well-yoked horses hear this, the press-stone's
song, ye Wonder-Workers.
Have not the sages of old time, ye Asvins, called you most prompt to come
and stay misfortune?
4 Remember us, and come to us, for ever men, as their wont is, invocate
the Asvins.
Friends as it were have offered you these juices, sweet, blent with milk at
the first break of morning.
5 Even through many regions, O ye Asvins high praise is yours among
mankind, ye MightyCome, helpers, on the paths which Gods have travelled: here your libations
of sweet meath are ready.
6 Ancient your home, auspicious is your friendship: Heroes, your wealth is
with the house of Jahnu.
Forming again with you auspicious friendship, let us rejoice with draughts of
meath together.

7 O Asvins, Very Mighty ones, with Vayu and with his steeds, one-minded,
Nasatyas, joying in the third day's Soma, drink it, not hostile, Very
Bounteous Givers.
8 Asvins, to you are brought abundant viands in rivalry with sacred songs,
Sprung from high Law your car, urged on by press-stones, goes round the
earth and heaven in one brief moment.
9 Asvins, your Soma sheds delicious sweetness: drink ye thereof and come
unto our dwelling.
Your car, assuming many a shape, most often goes to the Soma-presser's
place of meeting.

HYMN LIX. Mitra.
1. MITRA, when speaking, stirreth men to labour: Mitra sustaineth both the
earth and heaven.
Mitra beholdeth men with eyes that close not. To Mitra bring, with holy oil,
2 Foremost be he who brings thee food, O Mitra, who strives to keep thy
sacred Law, Aditya.
He whom thou helpest ne'er is slain or conquered, on him, from near or far,
falls no affliction.
3 joying in sacred food and free from sickness, with knees bent lowly on the
earth's broad surface,
Following closely the Aditya's statute, may we remain in Mitra's gracious
4 Auspicious and adorable, this Mitra was born with fair dominion, King,
May we enjoy the grace of him the Holy, yea, rest in his propitious lovingkindness.
5 The great Aditya, to be served with wor. ship, who stirreth men, is
gracious to the singer.
To Mitra, him most highly to be lauded, offer in fire oblation that he loveth.
6 The gainful grace of Mitra,. God, supporter of the race of man,
Gives splendour of most.glorious fame.
7 Mitra whose glory spreads afar, he who in might surpasses heaven,
Surpasses earth in his renown.
8 All the Five Races have repaired to Mitra, ever strong to aid,
For he sustaineth all the Gods.
9 Mitra to Gods, to living men, to him who strews the holy grass,
Gives food fulfilling sacred Law.

HYMN LX. Rbhus.
1. HERE is your ghostly kinship, here, O Men: they came desirous to these
holy rites with store of wealth,
With wondrous arts, whereby, with schemes to meet each need, Ye gained,

Sudhanvan's Sons! your share in sacrifice.
2 The mighty powers wherewith. ye formed the chalices, the thought by
which ye drew the cow from out the hide,
The intellect wherewith ye wrought the two Bay Steeds,-through these, O
Rbhus, ye attained divinity.
3 Friendship with Indra have the Rbhus, fully gained: grandsons of Manu,
they skilfully urged the work.
Sudhanvan's Children won them everlasting life, serving with holy rites,
pious with noble acts.
4:In company with Indra come ye to the juice, then gloriously shall your
wishes be fulfilled.
Not to be paragoned, ye Priests, are your good deeds, nor your heroic acts,
Rbhus, Sudhanvan's Sons.
5 O Indra, with the Rbhus, Mighty Ones, pour down the Soma juice effused,
well-blent, from both thy hands.
Maghalan, urged by song, in the drink-offerer's house rejoice thee with the
Heroes, with Sudhanvan's Sons.
6 With Rbhu near, and Vaja, Indra, here exult, with Saci, praised of many, in
the juice we pour.
These homes wherein we dwell have turned themselves to thee, -devotions
to the Gods, as laws of men ordain.
7 Come with the mighty Rbhus, Indra, come to us, strengthening with thy
help the singer's holy praise;
At hundred eager calls come to the living man, with thousand arts attend
the act of sacrifice.

1. O Usas, strong with strength, endowed witli knowledge, accept the
singer's praise, O wealthy Lady.
Thou, Goddess, ancient, young, and full of wisdom, movest, all-bounteous!
as the Law ordaineth.
2 Shine forth, O Morning, thou auspicious Goddess, on thy bright car awaking
pleasant voices.
Let docile horses of far-reaching splendour convey thee hitherward, the
3 Thou, Morning, turning thee to every creature, standest on high as ensign
of the Immortal,
To one same goal ever and ever wending now, like a wheel, O newly-born,
roll hi ther.
4 Letting her reins drop downward, Morning cometh, the wealthy Dame, the
Lady of the dwelling;
Bringing forth light, the Wonderful, the Blessed hath spread her from the
bounds of earth and heaven.
5 Hither invoke the radiant Goddess Morning, and bring with reverence your
hymn to praise her.
She, dropping sweets, hath set in heaven her brightness, and, fair to look

on, hath beamed forth her splendour.
6 From heaven, with hymns, the Holy One was wakened: brightly to both
worlds came the wealthy Lady.
To Morning, Agni, when she comes refulgent, thou goest forth soliciting fair
7 On Law's firm base the speeder of the Mornings, the Bull, hath entered
mighty earth and heaven.
Great is the power of Varuna and Mitra, which, bright, hath spread in every
place its splendour.

HYMN LXII. Indra and Others.
1. YOUR well-known prompt activities aforetime needed no impulse from
your faithful servant.
Where, Indra-Varuna, is now that glory wherewith ye brought support to
those who loved you?
2 This man, most diligent, seeking after riches, incessantly invokes you for
your favour.
Accordant, Indra-Varuna, with Maruts, with Heaven and Earth, hear ye mine
3 O Indra-Varuna, ours be this treasure ours be wealth, Maruts, with full
store of heroes.
.May the Varutris with their shelter aid us, and Bharati and Hotri with the
4 Be pleased! with our oblations, thou loved of all Gods, Brhaspati:
Give wealth to him who brings thee gifts.
5 At sacrifices, with your hymns worship the pure BrhaspatiI pray for power which none may bend6 The Bull of men, whom none deceive, the wearer of each shape at will,
Brhaspati Most Excellent.
7 Divine, resplendent Pusan, this our newest hymn of eulogy,
By us is chanted forth to thee.
8 Accept with favour this my song, be gracious to the earnest thought,
Even as a bridegroom to his bride.
9 May he who sees all living things, see, them together at a glancc,May lie, may Pusan be our help.
10 May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God:
So May he stimulate our prayers.
11 With understanding, earnestly, of Savitar the God we crave
Our portion of prosperity.
12 Men, singers worship Savitar the God with hymn and holy rites,
Urged by the impulse of their thoughts.
13 Soma who gives success goes forth, goes to the gathering place of Gods,
To seat him at the seat of Law.
14 To us and to our cattle may Soma give salutary food,
To biped and to quadruped.
15 May Soma, strengthening our power of life, and conquering our foes,

In our assembly take his seat.
16 May Mitra-Varuna, sapient Pair, bedew our pasturage with oil,
With meatb the regions of the air.
17 Far-ruling, joyful when adored, ye reign through majesty of might,
With pure laws everlastingly.
18 Lauded by Jamadagni's song, sit in the place of holy Law:
Drink Soma, ye who strengthen Law.

HYMN I. Agni.
1, THEE Agni, have the Gods, ever of one accord, sent hither down, a God,
appointed messenger, yea, with their wisdom sent thee down.
The Immortal, O thou Holy One, mid mortal men, the God-devoted God, the
wise, have they brought forth, brought forth the omnipresent God-devoted
2 As such, O Agni, bring with favour to the Gods thy Brother Varuna who
loveth sacrifice,
True to the Law, the Aditya who supporteth men, the King, supporter of
3 Do thou, O Friend, turn hither him who is our Friend, swift as a wheel, like
two car-steeds in rapid course, Wondrous! to us in rapid course.
O Agni, find thou grace for us with Varuna, with Maruts who illumine all.
Bless us, thou Radiant One, for seed and progeny, yea, bless us, O thou
Wondrous God.
4 Do thou who knowest Varuna, O Agni, put far away from us the God's
Best Sacrificer, brightest One, refulgent remove thou far from us all those
who hate us.
5 Be thou, O Agni, nearest us with succour, our closest Friend while now this
Morn is breaking.
Reconcile to us Varuna, be bounteous enjoy the gracious juice; be swift to
hear us.
6 Excellent is the glance, of brightest splendour, which the auspicious God
bestows on mortalsThe God's glance, longed-for even as the butter, pure, heated, of the cow,
the milch-cow's bounty.
7 Three are those births, the true, the most exalted, eagerly longed-for, of
the God, of Agni.
He came invested in the boundless region, pure, radiant, friendly, mightily
8 This envoy joyeth in all seats of worship, borne on his golden car, sweettongued Invoker:
Lovely to look on, with red steeds, effulgent, like a feast rich in food,
joyous for ever.

9 Allied by worship, let him give man knowledge: by an extended cord they
lead him onward.
He stays, effectual in this mortal's dwelling, and the God wins a share in his
10 Let Agni -for he knows the way- conduct us to all that he enjoys of Godsent riches,
What all the Immortals have prepared with wisdom, Dyaus, Sire, Begetter,
raining down true blessings.
11 In houses first he sprang into existence, at great heaven's base, and in
this region's bosom;
Footless and headless, both his ends concealing, in his Bull's lair drawing
himself together.
12 Wondrously first he rose aloft, defiant, in the Bull's lair, the homeof holy
Longed-for, young, beautiful, and far-resplendent: and sevendear frieuds
sprang up unto the Mighty.
13 Here did our human fathers take their places, fain to fulfil the sacred
Law of worship.
Forth drave they, with loud call, Dawn's teeming Milch-kine bid in the
mountainstable, in the cavern.
14 Splendid were they when they had rent the mountain: others, around,
shall tell forth this their exploit.
They sang their song, prepared to free the cattle: they found the light; with
holy hymns they worshipped.
15 Eager, with thought intent upon the booty, the men with their celestial
speech threw open,
The solid mountain firm, compact, enclosing, confining Cows, the stable full
of cattle.
16 The Milch-cow's earliest name they comprehended: they found the
Mother's thrice-seven noblest titles.
This the bands knew, and sent forth acclamation:with the Bull's sheen the
Red One was apparent.
17 The turbid darkness fled, the heaven was sp, endid! up rose the bright
beam of celestial Morning.
Surya ascended to the wide expanses, beholding deeds of men both good
and evil.
18 Then, afterwards they looked around, awakened, when first they held
that Heaven allotted treasure.
Now all the Gods abide in all their dwellings. Varuna, Mitra, be the prayer
19 I will call hither brightly-beaming Agni, the Herald, all-supporting, best
at worship.
He hath disclosed, like the milch cows' pure udder, the Sorria's juice when
cleansed and poured from beakers.
20 The freest God of all who should be worshipped, the guest who is
received in all men's houses,

Agni who hath secured the Gods' high favour,-may he be gracious, to us

HYMN II. Agni.
1. THE, Faithful One, Immortal among mortals, a God among the Gods,
appointed envoy,
Priest, best at worship, must shine forth in glory . Agni shall be raised high
with man's oblations.
2 Born for us here this day, O Son of Vigour, between both races of born
beings, Agni,
Thou farest as an envoy, having harnessed, Sublime One! thy strong-muscled
radiant stallions.
3 I laud the ruddy steeds who pour down blessing, dropping oil, flectest
through the thoualit of Order.
Yoking red horses to and fro thou goest between you Deities and mortal
4 Aryaman, Mitra, Varuna, and Indra with Visnu, of the Gods, Maruts and
AsvinsThese, Agni, with good car and steeds, bring hither, most bountiful, to folk
with fair oblations.
5 Agni, be this our sacrifice eternal, with brave friends, rich in kine and
sheep and horses,
Rich, Asura! in sacred food and children, in full assembly, wealth broadbased and during.
6 The man who, sweating, brings for thee the fuel, and makes his head to
ache, thy faithful servant,Agni, to him be a self-strong Protector guard him from all who seek to do
him mischief.
7 Who brings thee food, though thou hast food in plenty, welcomes his
cheerful guest and speeds him onward,
Who kindles thee devoutly in his dwelling,to him be wealth secure and
freely giving.
8 Whoso sings praise to thee at eve or morning, and, with oblation, doth the
thing thou lovest,In his own home, even as a goId-girt courser, rescue him from distress, the
bounteous giver.
9 Whoso brings gifts to thee Immortal, Agni, and doth thee service with
uplifted ladle,Let him not, sorely toiling, lose his riches; let not the sinner's wickedness
enclose him.
10 Whose well-wrought worship thou acceptest, Agni, thou God a mortal's
gift, thou liberal Giver,Dear be his sacrifice to thee, Most Youthful! and may we strengthen him
when he adores thee.
11 May he who knows distinguish sense and folly of men, like straight and
crooked backs of horses.

Lead us, O God, to wealth and noble offspring: keep penury afar and grant
us plenty.
12 This Sage the Sages, ne'er deceived, commanded, setting him down in
dwellings of the living.
Hence mayst thou, friendly God, with rapid footsteps behold the Gods,
wonderful, fair to look on.
13 Good guidance hast thou for the priest, O Agni, who, Youngest God! with
outpoured Soma serves thee.
Ruler of men, thou joyous God, bring treasure splendid and plentiful to aid
the toiler.
14 Now all that we, thy faithful servants, Agni, have done with feet, with
hands, and with our bodies,
The wise, with toil, the holy rite have guided, as those who frame a car with
manual cunning.
15 May we, seven sages first in rank, engender, from Dawn the Mother, men
to be ordainers.
May we, Angirases, be sons of Heaven, and, radiant, burst the wealthcontaining mountain.
16 As in the days of old our ancient Fathers, speeding the work of holy
worship, Agni,
Sought pure light and devotion, singing praises; they cleft the ground and
made red Dawns apparent.
17 Gods, doing holy acts, devout, resplendent, smelting like ore their human
Enkindling Agni and exalting Indra, they came encompassing the stall of
18 Strong One! he marked them-and the Gods before them-like herds of
cattle in a foodful pasture.
There they moaned forth their strong desire for mortals, to aid the True,
the nearest One, the Living.
19 We have worked for thee, we have laboured nobly-bright Dawns have
shed their light upon our worshipAdding a beauty to the perfect Agni, and the God's beauteous eye that
shines for ever.
20 Agni, Disposer, we have sung these praises to thee the Wise: do thou
accept them gladly.
Blaze up on high and ever make us richer. Give us great wealth, O thou
whose boons are many.

1. WIN, to assist you, Rudra, Lord of worship, Priest of both worlds,
Agni, invested with his golden colours, before the thunder strike and lay you
2 This shrine have we made ready for thy coming, as the fond dame attires

her for her husband.
Performer of good work, sit down before us, invested while these flames
incline to meet thee.
3 A hymn, O Priest, to him who hears, the gentle, to him who looks on men,
exceeding gracious,
A song of praise sing to the God Immortal, whom the stone, presser of the
sweet juice, worships.
4 Even as true knower of the Law, O Agni, to this our solemn rite he thou
When shall thy songs of festival be sung thee? When is thy friendship shown
within our dwelling?
5 Why this complaint to Varuna, O Agni? And why to Heaven? for what is our
How wilt thou speak to Earth and bounteous Mitra? What wilt thou say to
Aryaman and Bhaga?
6 What, when thou blazest on the lesser altars, what to the mighty Wind
who comes tobless us,
True, circumambient? what to Earth, O Agni, what wilt thou say to mandestroying Rudra?
7 How to great Pusan who promotes our welfare,- to honoured Rudra what,
who gives oblations?
What sin of ours to the far-striding Visnu, what, Agni, wilt thou tell the Lofty
8 What wilt thou tell the truthful band of Maruts, how answer the great Sun
when thou art questioned?
Before the Free, before the Swift, defend us: fulfil heaven's work, allknowing Jatavedas.
9 I crave the cow's true gift arranged by Order: though raw, she hath the
sweet ripe juice, O Agni.
Though she is black of hue with milk she teemeth, nutritious, brightly
shining, all-sustaining.
10 Agni the Bull, the manly, hath been sprinkled with oil upon his back, by
Law eternal.
He who gives vital power goes on unswerving. Prsni the Bull hath milked the
pure wiiite udder.
11 By Law the Angirases cleft the rock asunder, and sang their hymns
together with the cattle.
Bringing great bliss the men encompassed Morning: light was apparent at the
birth of Agni.
12 By Law the Immortal Goddesses the Waters, with meath-rich waves, O
Agni, and uninjured,
Like a strong courser lauded in his running, sped to flow onward swiftly and
for ever.
13 Go never to the feast of one who harms us, the treacherous neighbour or.
unworthy kinsman.
Punish us not for a false brother's trespass. Let us riot feel the might of

friend or foeman.
14 O Agni, keep us safe with thy protection, loving us, honoured God! and
ever guarding.
Beat thou away, destory severe affliction slay e'en the demon when he
waxes mighty.
15 Through these our songs of praise be gracious, Agni; moved by
ourprayers, O Hero, touch our viands.
Accept, O Angiras, these our devotions, and let the praise which Gods desire
address thee.
16 To thee who knowest, Agni, thou Disposer, all these wise secret speeches
have I uttered,
Sung to thee, Sage, the charming words of wisdom, to thee, O Singer, with.
my thoughts and Praises.

HYMN IV. Agni.
1. PUT forth like a wide-spreading net thy vigour; go like a mighty King with
his attendants.
Thou, following thy swift net, shootest arrows: transfix the fiends with darts
that burn most fiercely.
2 Forth go in rapid flight thy whirling weapons: follow them closely, glowing
in thy fury.
Spread with thy tongue the winged flames, O Agni; unfettered, cast thy
firebrands all around thee.
3 Send thy spies forward, flectest in thy motion; be, ne'er deceived, the
guardian of this people
From him who, near or far, is bent on evil, and let no trouble sent from thee
o'ercome us.
4 Rise up, O Agni, spread thee out before us: burn down our foes, thou who
hast sharpened arrows.
Him, blazing Agni! who hath worked us mischief, consume thou utterly like
dried-up stubble.
5 Rise, Agni, drive off those who fight against us: make manifest thine own
celestial vigour.
Slacken the strong bows of the demondriven: destroy our foemen whether
kin or stranger.
6 Most Youthful God, he knoweth well thy favour who gave an impulse to
this high devotion.
All fair days and magnificence of riches hast thou beamed forth upon the
good man's portals.
7 Blest, Agni, be the man, the liberal giver, who with his lauds and regular
Is fain to please thee for his life and dwelling. May all his days be bright: be
this his longing.
8 I praise thy gracious favour: sing in answer. May this my song sing like a
loved one with thee.
Lords of good steeds and cars may we adorn thee, and day by day vouchsafe

thou us dominion.
9 Here of free choice let each one serve thee richly, resplendent day by day
at eve and morning.
So may we honour thee, content and joyous, passing beyond the glories of
the people.
10 Whoso with good steeds and fine gold, O Agni, comes nigh thee on a car
laden with trcasure,
His Friend art thou, yea, thou art his Protector whose joy it is to entertain
thee duly.
11 Through words and kinship I destroy the miglity: this power I have from
Gotama my father.
Mark thou this speech of ours, O thou Most Youthful, Friend of the House,
exceeding wise, Invoker.
12 Knowing no slumber, speedy and propitious, alert and ever friendly, most
May thy protecting powers, unerring Agni, taking their places here,
combined, preserve us.
13 Thy guardian rays, O Agni, when they saw him, preserved blind Mamateya
from affliction.
Lord of all riches, he preserved the pious: the fees who fain would harm
them did no mischief
14 Aided by thee with thee may we be wealthy, may we gain strength with
thee to guide us onward.
Fulfil the words of both, O Ever Truthful: straightway do this, thou God
whom power emboldens.
15 O Agni, with this fuel will we serve thee; accept the laud we sing to thee
with favour
Destroy the cursing Raksasas: preserve us, O rich in friends, from guile and
scorn and slander.

HYMN V. Agni.
1. How shall we give with one accord oblation to Agni, to Vaisvanara the
Great light, with full high growth hath he uplifted, and, as a pillar bears the
roof, sustains it.
2 Reproach not him who, God and selfreliant, vouchsafed this bounty unto
me a mortal,Deathless, discerner, wise, to me the simple, Vaisvanara most manly,
youthful Aini.
3 Sharp-pointed, powerful, strong, of boundless vigour, Agni who knows the
lofty hymn, kept secret
As the lost milch-cow's track, the doubly Mighty,-he hath declared to me
this hidden knowledge.
4 May he with sharpened teeth, the Bounteous Giver, Agni, consume with
flame most fiercely glowing.
Those who regard not Varuna's commandments and the dear stedfast laws of

sapient Mitra.
5 Like youthful women without brothers, straying, like dames who hate their
lords, of evil conduct,
They who are full of sin, untrue, unfaithful, they have engendered this
abysmal station.
6 To me, weak, innocent, thou, luminous Agni, bast boldly given as 'twere a
heavy burthen,
This Prstha hymn, profound and strong and mighty, of seven elements, and
with offered dainties.
7 So may our song that purifies, through wisdom reach in a moment him the
Established on the height, on earth's best .station, above the beauteous
grassy skin of Prsni.
8 Of this my speech what shall I utter further? They indicate the milk stored
up in secret
When they have thrown as 'twere the cows' stalls open. The Bird protects
earths' best and well-loved station.
9 This is the Great Ones' mighty apparition which from of old the radiant
Cow hath followed.
This, shining brightly in the place of Order, swift, hasting on in secret, she
10 He then who shone together with his Parents remembered Prsni's fair and
secret treasure,
Which, in the Mother Cow's most lofty station, the Bull's tongue, of the
flame bent forward, tasted.
11 With reverence I declare the Law, O Agni; what is, comes by thine order,
Of this, whate'er it be, thou art the Sovran, yea, all the wealth that is in
earth or
12 What is our wealth therefrom, and what our treasure? Tell us O
Jatavedas, for thou
What is our best course in this secret passage: we, unreproached, have
reached a t)lace far distant.
13 What is the limit, what the rules, the guerdon? Like fleet-foot coursers
speed we to the contest.
When will the Goddesses, the Immortal's Spouses, the Dawns, spread over us
the Sun-God's splendour?
14 Unsatisfied, with speech devoid of vigour, scanty and frivolous and
Wherefore do they address thee here, O Agni? Let these who have no
weapons suffer sorrow.
15 The majesty of him the Good, the Mighty, aflame, hath shone for glory in
the dwelling.
He, clothed in light, hath shone most fair to look on, wealthy in boons, as a

home shines with riches.

HYMN VI. Agni.
1. PRIEST of our rite, stand up erect, O Agni, in the Gods' service best of
For over evei y thought thou art the Ruler: thou furtherest e'en the wisdom
of the pious.
2 He was set down mid men as Priest unerring, Agni, wise, welcome in our
holy synods.
Like Savitar he hath lifted up his splendour, and like a builder raised his
smoke to heaven.
3 The glowing ladle, filled with oil, is lifted; choosing Gods' service to the
right he circles.
Eager he rises like the new-wrought pillar which, firmly set and fixed,
anoints the victims.
4 When sacred grass is strewn and Agni kindled, the Adhvaryu rises to, his
task rej o cing.
Agni the Priest, like one who tends the cattle, goes three times round, as
from of old he wills it.
5 Agni himself, the Priest, with measured motion, goes round, with sweet
speech, cheerful, true to Order.
His fulgent flames run forth like vigorous horses; all creatures are affrighted
when he blazes.
6 Beautiful and auspicious is thine aspect, O lovely Agni, terrible when
Thy splendours are not covered by the darkness: detraction leaves no stain
upon thy body.
7 Naught hindered his production, Bounteous Giver: his Mother and his Sire
were free to send him.
Then as Friend benevolent, refulgent, Agni shone forth in human
8 He, Agni, whom the twice-five sisters, dwelling together, in the homes of
men engendered,
Bright like a spear's tooth, wakened in the morning, with powerful mouth
and like an axe well-sharpened.
9 These thy Bay Coursers, Agni, dropping fatness, ruddy vigorous, speeding
straightly forward,
And red steeds, wonderful, of mighty muscle, are to this service of the Gods
10 These brightly-shining games of thine, O Agni, that move for ever
restless, allsubduing,
Like falcons hasting eagerly to the quarry, roar loudly like the army of the
11 To thee, O flaming God, hath prayer been offered. Let the priest laud
thee: give to him who worships.
Men have established Agni as Invoker, fain to adore the glory of the living.

1. HERE by ordainers was this God appointed first Invoker, best at worship,
to be praised at rites:
Whom Apnavana, and the Bhrgus caused to shine bright-coloured in the
wood, spreading from home to home.
2 When shall thy glory as a God, Agni, be suddenly shown forth.
For mortal men have held thee fast, adorable in all their homes,
3 Seeing thee faithful to the Law, most sapient, like the starry heaven,
Illumining with cheerful ray each solemn rite in every house.
4 Vivasvan's envoy living men have taken as their ensign, swift,
The ruler over all mankind, moving like Bhrgu in each home.
5 Him the intelligent have they placed duly as Invoking Priest,
Welcome, with sanctifying flame, best worshipper, with sevenfold might;
6 In his Eternal Mothers, in the wood, concealed and unapproached,
Kept secret though his flames are bright seekingon all sides, quickly found.
7 That as food spreads forth in this earthly udder, Gods may rejoice them in
the home of Order,
Great Agni, served with reverence and oblation, flies ever to the sacrifice,
the Faithful.
8 Bird of each rite, skilled in an envoy's duties, knowing both worlds and
that which lies between them,
Thou goest from of old a willing Herald, knowing full well heaven's
innermost recesses.
9 Bright God, thy path is black: light is before thee: thy moving splendour is
the chief of wonders.
When she, yet unimpregnate, hath conceived thee, even when newly born
thou art an envoy.
10 Yet newly born, his vigour is apparent when the wind blows upon his fiery
His sharpened tongue he layeth on the brushwood, and with his teeth e'en
solid food consumeth.
11 When he hath borne off food with swift flame swiftly, strong Agni makes
himself a speedy envoy,
Follows the rustling of the wind, consuming, and courser-like, speeds, drives
the swift horse onward.

1. YOUR envoy who possesses all, Immortal, bearer of your gifts,
Best worshipper, I woo with song.
2 He, Mighty, knows the gift of wealth, he knows the deep recess of heaven:
He shall bring hitherward the Gods.
3 He knows, a God himself, to guide Gods to the righteous in his home:
He gives e'en treasures that we love.
4 He is the Herald: well-informed, he doth his errand to and fro,

well disposed. Agni.Knowing the deep recess of heaven. 7 All hate and mischief. like clarified butter: This gleams like gold on thee. 2 May he the Immortal. 5 Thou comest as the guide of folk who celebrate a sacrifice. victorious. O Self. 4 Agni in fire at sacrifice. bard to be deceived among mankind. Or as the Potar sits him down. brilliant as gold. with our sacrifice: Give ear and listen to our call. Right judgment. lofty sacrifice. 4 Now may we serve thee singing these lauds this day to thee. Agni. And to oblations brought by men. from the man who rightly worships. show favour: great art thou who to this pious man art come. be pleased. And power and might spring up for us. 1. 2 For thou hast ever been the Car-driver. with all thine aspects. Agni. 6 Illustrious for wealth are they. HYMN X. Whocherish and enkindle him. thine al tar. bright as the sunlight. AGNI. with our devotions. and in the house as Lord thereof. 7 Accept our solemn rite. Helper. Agni. dependent. Who have served Agni reverently. 6 Thou servest as his messenger whose sacrifice thou lovest well. welcome Chief Priest at solemn rites. yea. Agni. To seat thee on the sacred grass. Holy One. we bring thee that which thou lovest. It shineth near us even as gold for glory. To bear the mortal's gifts to heaven. This day with praises. day after day. . Agni. wherewith thou guardest those who give. and rightful judgment. I. 5 just at this time of the day and the night thy look is the sweetest . like a horse. may riches craved by many come. O Agni. Angiras. 7 So unto us. 8 That holy Singer in his strength shoots forth his arrows swifter than The swift shafts of the tribes of men. And as a Brahman takes his seat. 3 Through these our praises come thou to meet us. Come near to us from every side. prosperous be our friendships and kinships. Become the messenger of all. 8 Agni. thou turnest. 8 May thine inviolable car. Loud as the voice of Heaven thy blasts are roaring. Be this our bond here by this place. 6 Spotless thy body. HYMN IX. 3 Around the altar is he led. with you Gods. of noble Strength. 5 May we be they who gratify Agni with sacrificial gifts. if committed. and hero deeds.

Agni. wise through thy mental power. prospers.HYMN XI. O Agni. O Agni. triumphant through thy splendours. 4 From thee the hero springs who wins the booty. victorious Agni. 1. sent by the Gods. O Jatavedas. thee whose voice is pleasant. Agni is Lord of strength and lofty riches. 2 Agni. and slays his foemen. and food is fair to look on in thy beauty. Agni. 1. O Mighty. From thee flows wealth. far from us all ill-will when thou protectest. THY blessed majesty. shines brightly in the neighbourhood of Surya. springs poetic wisdom. which. 6 Far from us thou removest want and sorrow. Straightway the self-reliant God. whatever sin. religious mortals Invite with hyrnns. 3 Agni is Master of sublime dominion. 4 Most Youthful God. WHOSO enkindles thee. From thee comes wealth. of real courage. thee who removest hatred. we here. 5 Immortal Agni. with lifted ladle. as first in rank. May he excel. 5 Even in the presence of great sin. and thrice this day offiers thee food. 3 From thee. unerring. our offences. Son of Strength. through folly. whom thou as God attendest for his welfare. Friend of the Home. In sight of Aditi make thou us sinless remit. mighty. it shows even at nighttime. Radiant One! with all the Gods thou lovest. as God. entirely. as human beings. disclose his thought for him who singeth. bliss-giving. Agni. He. gives treasures to the mortal who adores him. serving the majesty of mighty Agni. Strong God! while thou art praised with fervour. to the true-hearted man who gives oblation. Agni. kindling thee at evening and at morning. blest is he at evening. the household's Lord. Never may we who are thy friends be injured: grant health and strength unto our seed and offspring. the well. from thee come thoughts and hymns of praise that prosper. Vouchsafe to us that powerful hymn. bringer of help. O Agni. 2 Whoso with toil and trouble brings thee fuel. with heroes to adorn it. Splendid to see. and comes to wealth. Most Youthful. . HYMN XII. free us from prison of the Gods or mortals. have committed. Agni. from thee the fleet impetuous charger.

5 How is it that. So also set us free from this affliction long let our life. seven strong and youthful Coursers carry onward. awaking men to happiness.is come. thou God. 3 Him whom they made to drive away the darkness. benevolently-minded. approacheth. ye Mighty. on the wealth-giving spring of radiant Mornings. HYMN XIII. Their stablished way go Varuna and Mitra. Here for your drauglit of meath are Soma juices: at this our sacrifice rejoice. unbound and unsupported. Agni. he falleth not although directed downward? By what self power moves he? Who liath seen it? He guards the vault of heaven. Dawn on her nobly-harnessed car. ye who travel widely. Lords of sure mansions. what time they make the Sun ascend the heaven. 2 Producing light for all the world of creatures. Nasatyas. hath spread on high his lustre. the Sun-God. waving his flag like a spoilseeking hero. be extended. rending apart. even Agni Jatavedas. The rays of Surya tremulously shining sink. Surya hath filled the firmament and earth and heaven. unbound and not supported. riding with brightness onward. like a hide. 4 Spreading thy web with mightiest Steeds thou comest. O Agni. hither at the break of morning. 5 How is it that. a close-set pillar. the black-hued mantle. God Savitar hath raised aloft his banner.6 Even as ye here. the darkness in the waters. 4 May those most powerful steeds and chariot bring you. Come. gay-hued and mighty. 1. the Goddess. God. HYMN XIV. Agni. constant to their object. Him who beholds the universe. THE God hath looked. he falleth not although directed downward? By what self-power moves he? Who hath seen it? He guards the vault of . distinguished by her beams. Gods Excellent and Holy. 1. 2 Savitar. to meet the Dawns refulgent in their glories. to the dwelling of the pious: Surya the God is rising with his splendour. have loosed the cow that by the foot was tethered. Come on your chariot. AGNI hath looked. come to this sacrifice of ours. O Asvins. Making his presence known by sunbeams. Asvins. 3 Red Dawn.

the priest a laud shall utter. as a sage paying holy rites in secret. O Asvins. 1. Summoned by him I drew not back. quaffing. Giving the offerer precious boons. your care. O ye Gods. is led forth at our solemn rite. a close-set pillar? HYMN XV. 3 Round the oblations hath he paced. With sharpened teeth and bountiful. who e'en by day have wrought their works while singing. Somaka. 1. From Sahadeva's princely son. let him effect his visit. the princely son. the son of Sahadeva.heaven. For him have we pressed juice exceeding potent: here. praised with song. Agni. 6 Sakra who knoweth well all human actions hath with his eager Friends let . and let his Tawny Coursers speed to reach us. 7 When Sahadeva's princely son with two bay horses thought of me. ye Gods. HYMN XVI. Seven singers here from heaven hath he begotten. 6 Day after day they dress him. may he live. best of Heroes. the Lord of Strength. IMPETUOUS. let Maghavan come hither. a hymn to thee. God among Gods adorable. Indra. the Lord Divine. hath waxed immensely: he with his vastness hath filled earth and heaven. 8 And truly those two noble bays I straightway took when offered me. scattered the blinding darkness so that men saw clearly. tamer of the foe. 4 He who is kindled eastward for Srnjaya. as they clean a horse who wins the prize. 5 So mighty be the Agni whom the mortal hero shall command. Dress the red Scion of the Sky. 4 When heaven's fair light by hymns was made apparent (they made great splendour shine at break of morning). Bearing the viands to the Gods. Like Usana. Impetuous One. 2 Three times unto our solemn rite comes Agni like a charioteer. Devavata's son. 9 Long. 3 When the Bull. Resplendent. AGNI the Herald. Of Sahadeva. like a horse. who markest. Agni the Wise. 2 Unyoke. true. to enjoy Long life. He with his succour. 5 Indra. to gladden thee today at this libation. 10 Cause him the youthful prince. E'en beyond this his majesty extendeth who hath exceeded all the worlds in greatness. praises our Iibation. O Hero. O ye Asvins. as at thy journey's end.

Thou sentest forth the waters of the ocean. prompt to listen.-a goad that masters both the Wind-God's horses. Vrtra. to aid the singer imploring thee in battle for the sunlight. O daring Hero. Eager for glory. 15 Wishes for wealth have gone to Indra. Hymned by Angirases. bursting the cowstalls. Sarama showed herself and went before thee. gavest up mighty Mrgaya and Pipru. 17 When the sharp-pointed arrow. flieth mid any conflict of the people. O thou Hero. longing for him in war for light and at libation. and roll the chariot-wheel of Sarya near us. Faithful One. then be thou the Protector of our body. When. Thou smotest down the swarthy fifty thousand. Friend of Man. That. 14 What time thou settest near the Sun thy body. thou at day-break didst hurl down greedy Susna. They with their songs cleft e'en the mountain open and willingly disclosed the stall of cattle. Maghavan. Earth. lent her aid to speed thy thunder. Much-invoked! the water's rock thou cleftest. Speed him with help in his irypired invokings: down sink the sorcerer. fain to succour him. Rjisvan. 8 When. the dread encounter cometh. 11 Thou comest. holding the brown steeds like spoil for capture. 9 Come. the sage may on the final day be present. Alike in form ye both sate in his dwelling the faithful Lady was in doubt between you. thy form. Lord of envied bounty. Immortal One. as Lord through power and might. with Kutsa. 16 Call we for you that Indra. foe of harvest. like a dread lion as thou wieldest weapons. 12 For Kutsa.loose the waters. like sweet and fair nutrition. . with thy thousand. and rentest forts as age consumes a garment. labouring with praisesongs: he is like home. the prayerless Dasyu. conscious. to a singer like me brings quickly booty worth the capture. 10 Come to our home resolved to slay the Dasyu: Kutsa longed eagerly to win thy friendship. him who hath done so much for men's advantage. Quickly with Kutsa's friend destroy the Dasyus. is seen expanding: Thou a wild elephant with might invested. 13 Thou to the son of Vidathin. 7 He smote away the floods' obstructer. much strength thou foundest for us as our leader. Who.

for Indra the Strong. We come to thee whose providence protects us: wide be thy sway for ever for thy singer. glorified with praises. forth flowed the waters swiftly. Thou ever wast the Treasure-Lord of treasures: Indra. Indra. the earth. as the Bhrgus wrought a car. His who begat the strong bolt's Lord who roareth. Indra the peoples' King. the Mighty. and heaven confess to thee thine high dominion. is fashioned. 1. but be our bodies' guard and strong defender. HYMN XVII. 5 He who alone o'erthrows the world of creatures. yea. he showed his vigour. free givers. 3 Hurling his bolt with might he cleft the mountain. Maghavan. in every battle. 6 All Soma juices are his own for ever. The stedfast mountains shook in agitation . rentest with thy bolt the Dragon who lay against the waterfloods of heaven. 2 Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence. let power swell. most gladdening draughts are ever his. . as days subdue the nights with splendour. Thou. 7 Moreover. exulting. thou struckest terror into all the people. May we. Thou in thy vigour having slaughtered Vrtra didst free the floods arrested by the Dragon. extolling the boons which Maghavan the God hath sent them. ne'er withdraw from us his friendship. thou lettest all folk share thy bounty. immovable like earth from her foundation. putting forth his strength. For thee a new hymn. He slaughtered Vrtra with his bolt. Indra. O Indra. May we rejoice through many autumns. their lord slain. That he may. invoked of manyVerily all rejoice in him. Lord of Bays. car-borne. and desert spots were flooded. when thou first wast born. with these men who love thee truly. while. 19 O Indra. Indra! lauded. the Mighty. Maghavan. GREAT art thou. quelling our foes.18 Further the holy thoughts of Vamadeva be thou a guileless Friend in fight for booty. high like rivers for the singer. 4 Thy Father Dyaus esteemed himself a hero: most noble was the work of Indra's Maker. 20 Now. the waters flowed. with gladness. Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure. and. through song be victors ever. 21 Now. we our prayer have fashioned.

20 E’en so let Maghavan. we-singers stir Indra. most fatherly of fathers giving the suppliant vital strength and freedom. all horses. 15 As in the night the sacrificing priest. 17 Be thou our guardian. as Sire. Who gives the wives we seek. for friendship. continue in his friendship. Him in whose keeping is the well-loved singer never do Gods or mortals stay or hinder. show thyself our kinsman. Him the black undulating cloud bedeweth. Who slayeth Vrtra and acquireth booty. watching and blessing those who pour the Soma. the bright bolt's Lord. infinite. 12 What is the care of Indra for his Mother. all gold. exalting thee with these our sacrifices. speeding on his way. As Friend. 10 Renowned is he when conquering and when slaying: 'fis he who winneth cattle in the combat. what cares he for the Father who begat him? His care is that which speeds his might in conflicts. give life. to hasten. 18 Be helping Friend of those who seek thy friendship . Most manly with these men of his who help him. 11 Indra hath won all kine. craving strength and horses. the strong. he rested. like a pitcher to the fountain. when Indra Maghavan is lauded. whose succour fails not. 19 Alone. well-loved. When Indra hardeneth his indignation all that is fixed and all that moveth fear him. bold and furious Indra. He bringeth us the booty that he winneth may we. . 13 Maghavan makes the settled man unsettled: he scatters dust that he hath swept together. Maghavan the bounteous: 9 Alone renowned as Maghavan in battles. he slayeth many ne'er-resisted Vrtras. Breaking in pieces like Heaven armed with lightning: Maghavan shall enrich the man who lauds h. we the priests have paid thee worship. giver of blessings. give us true blessings. in this mid-air's depth. he who breaketh forts in pieces. when lauded. to the singer. dealing out wealth and gathering the treasure. the loud-voiced Indra.-Maghavan. Indra.8 The ever-slaying. like wind borne onward by the clouds that thunder. at the base of darkness. he frighteneth away assembled armies. 14 He urged the chariot-wheel of Surya forward: Etasa. strong and mighty.m. 16 Eager for booty. Indra. For.

whom Vyamsa struck to the ground and smote thy jaws in pieces. That way I follow. as soon as born. Indra. endowed with all heroic valour. May we. one must I combat and the other question. Much that is yet undone must I accomplish. King of all creatures. smitten through. 7 Are they addressing him with words of welcome? Will the floods take on them the shame of Indra? With his great thunderbolt my Son hath slaughtered Vrtra. 8 I cast thee from me. 10 The Heifer hath brought forth the Strong. Forth from the side obliquely will I issue. let power swell high like rivers for the singer. 4 What strange act shall he do. a hundredworth of juice pressed from the mortar. O Maghavan. as 'twere. glorified with praises. THIS is the ancient and accepted pathway by which all Gods have come into existence. rose up in conquering vigour. car-borne. Indra! lauded. destroy his Mother. 9 Thou art mine own. Indra and Others. otherwise. and set these rivers free to wander. 5 Deeming him a reproach. mine infant. But. assumed his vesture. the earth and heaven. the unconquerable .-thy youthful mother: thee. 6 With lively motion onward flow these waters. HYMN XVIII. nor among those who shall be born hereafter. mine. and with thy bolt the Dasa's head thou crushedst. Hereby could one be born though waxen mighty. Let him not. were the waters gracious. men's upholder. To him. and filled. through song be victors ever. the mastery thou wonnest. 2 Not this way go I forth: hard is the passage.foeless. my Son. mine own offspring. exalted glory due to him who lauds thee. give us glory amply. Indra. the Holy Ones. shouting. For thee a new hymn. 3 He bent his eye upon the dying Mother: My word I now withdraw. what girdling rock the waters burst asunder. In Tvastar's dwelling India drank the Soma. the Mighty. 1. he whom his Mother bore for a thousand months and many autumns? No peer hath he among those born already. Kusava hath swallowed. 21 Now. his mother hid him. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. Ask them to. Then up he sprang himself. together. tell thee what the floods are saying.

bubbling. 1. flow forth streaming onward. when by the foot thy Sire thou tookest and slewest. alone to slaughter Vrtra. hard to waken. unwedded. And both the worlds elected. verily. 3 The insatiate one. was at hand to give thee comfort? 13 In deep distress I cooked a dog's intestines. 4 Indra with might shook earth and her foundation as the wind stirs the water with its fury. at their prayer didst check the rushing river and make the floods easy to cross. like fountains. seeking himself. The Mother left her unlicked Calf to wander. My son. Among the Gods I found not one to comfort. as worn witheld. thou rentest with thy thunder. O Thunder-wielding Indra. 2 The Gods. Indra. these Deities forsake thee. Then Indra said. where no joint was. 12 Who was he then who made thy Mother widow? Who sought to stay thee lying still or moving? What God. thee the Mighty. O Indra. and tore away the summits of the mountains.The Dragon stretched against the seven prone rivers. all the Gods here. Thou didst refresh the streams and force the billows: thou. the furious Indra. about to slaughter Vrtra. hastened forth together. HYMN XIX. allsustaining: Yea. THEE.Bull. and milked the dry Cows of the mighty master. who slumbered in perpetual sleep. 11 Then to her mighty Child the Mother turned her. O my friend Vrtra. saying. and duggest out their allsupporting channels. The Falcon then brought me the pleasant Soma. . extended. 5 They ran to thee as mothers to their offspring: the clouds. O Indra. the path that he would follow. the Helpers swift to listen. stride full boldly forward. settest free obstructed rivers. 7 He let the young Maids skilled in Law. flowing. Indra. waxen strong. like chariots. with strength he burst the firm asunder. wast Sovran Ruler. High. relaxed their efforts: thou. born of truth. 6 Thou for the sake of Vayya and Turviti didst stay the great stream. Thou slewest Ahi who besieged the waters. Striving. He inundated thirsty plains and deserts. My consort I beheld in degradation. Indra.

him invoked of many. May we. To win the booty. with the Strongest. God invoked of many! . Drink of the meath we offer. spontaneous. stand by us at this sacrifice. in combat. filled full with splendour as a jar with water. 6 Him who in native strength is like a mountain. of the wellpressed Soma. 4 Loving us well. great acts. 10 To the wise man. shalt give us strength and fill us full of courage. HYMN XX. Indra. Indra! lauded.I. and delight thee with food that cometh from the mountain ridges. rose. in the battles. 5 Him who is sung aloud by recent sages. the man who knoweth all thine ancient exploits. drink. 3 Thou. like a ripe-fruited tree. Thunder-armed! like hunters may we with thee subdue in fight our foemen. 1. call hither Indra. Terrific wielder of the ancient thunder. for the singer. Hath told these deeds of might as thou hast wrought them. honouring this our sacrifice. to favour and enrich us. Indra hath set at liberty to wander on earth the streams encompassed pressed together. as he grasped the serpent. FROM near or far away may mighty Indra giver of succour. having slain Vrtra. Godlike Indra. O Sage and Sovran Ruler. 2 May Indra come to us with Tawny Coursers. car-borne. glorified with praises. loud-voiced and wielding thunder. thou broughtest from the ant-hill the unwedded damsel's son whom ants were eating.8 Through many a morn and many a lovely autumn. O Indra. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. and to man's advantage. The blind saw clearly. come for our protection Lord of men. like rivers. through song be victors ever. brake the jar: hisjoints again united. May Maghavan. O thou Strong and Mighty. vouchsafe us riches. close beside us. benevolent. none to curtail the riches of his bounty. slaying his foes in conflict. armed with thunder. the lofty Indra born or old for conquest. inclined to us. a scythearmed victor. 9 Lord of Bay Steeds. Pouring forth freely. let powers swell high. like a bridegroom thinking of his consort. 7 Whom from of old there is not one to hinder. lie set free the rivers. For thee a new hymn. 11 Now.

winner of spoil in combats. Indra. from the seat of Order. most glorious One. MAY Indra come to us for our protection. Whose will is like a Sovran in assembly. him who is Lord of great and lasting riches. his own supreme dominion. bestow onus the ample gift which thou hast to give to him who offers. come as the house-lord's priest within our chambers. glorified with praises. 9 By what great might is he renowned as strongest.-who fixing reverence on reverence. A new hymn. praised. Indra. waxen mighty. enriching men with bounties. inciteth men to worshipwith lauds bring Indra hither to our dwellings. all-surpassing. giving Vent to his voice. for the singer. May he whose powers are many. will declare it. Lord of many blessings. May we.8 Of wealth and homes of men thou art the ruler. striving. we. 6 When sitting pondering in deep devotion in Ausija's abode they ply the press-stone. with this laud sung before thee. here be the Hero. At this new gift. 3 Hither let Indra come from earth or heaven. Indra! lauded. 10 Slay us not. like Dyaus. extolling thee. 11 Now. who rules the people. or from a distance. Lord of Bays! for thee is fashioned. With Maruts. hither with speech from firmament or ocean. 1. Helper of men. HYMN XXI. who leads with boldness on to higher fortune. Conqueror. 2 Here magnify his great heroic exploits. and opener of the stable of the cattle. let power swell high. thou leadest to an ample heap of riches. bring. 7 Surely the power of Bharvara the mighty for ever helpeth to support the singer. our feast-companion. like rivers. through song be victors ever. 4 That Indra will we laud in our assemblies. car-born. cherish. May he whose wrath is fierce. . the mighty bearer. 5 May the Priest. from the realm of light to aid us. to come forth for delight and for devotion. Victor with Vayu where the herds are gathered. wherewith the Lofty One stirs up wild battles? Best soother of the worshipper's great sorrow. That which in Ausija's abode lies hidden. he gives possessions to the man who lauds him.

9 Auspicious are thy hands.8 When he unbars the spaces of the mountains. Indra. the Great and Strong One. May we. by strength. strong. Indra! lauded. That thou. like rivers. 2 Bull. with violent rush caused heaven and earth to tremble. . the Mighty. 5 These are thy great deeds. O Most Heroic. these Goddesses. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. let power swell high. destroy the Dragon. O Hero. and Soma. 4 Before the High God. In fear of thee. to thy praiser. THAT gift of ours which Indra loves and welcomes. even that he makes for us. most heroic. thine arms wellfashioned which proffer bounty. hurler of the four-edged rain-producer with both his arms. gives prayer. the rivers swiftly set themselves in motion. For thee a new hymn. Lord of Tawny Coursers. deeds to be told aloud at all libations. 3 God who of all the Gods was born divinest. Maghavan. Freedom he gave to man by slaying Vrtra. didst with thy bolt. When thou didst give the prisoned ones their freedom to wander at their will in long succession. the Sisters then. O thou of manly spirit. 11 Now. O Indra. earth. The Milch-kine issued from the streaming udder. in air's mid-region. And bearing in his arrns the yearning thunder. He finds in lair the buffalo and wild-ox when the wise lead him on to vigorous exploit. Wearing as wool Parusni for adornment. Indra. at his birth. He who comes wielding in his might the thunder. whose joints for sake of friendship he hath covered. bold and boldly daring. The Strong One bringeth nigh the Bull's two Parents: loud sing the winds. like men. and laud. care-borne. thine. and quickens with his floods the water-torrents. 1. Indra. praise. heaven trembled.the singer. mighty. many floods and all the precipices. What sloth is this? Why dost thou not rejoice thee? Why dost thou not delight thyself with giving? 10 So Indra is the truthful Lord of treasure. extolled thee. HYMN XXII. Much-lauded! help us with thy power to riches: may I be sharer of thy Godlike favour. endowed with ample strength and mighty powers. glorified with praises. 7 With joy. through song be victqrs ever. for. 6 True are all these thy deeds.

thine highest. is fashioned. what priest's sacrifice hath he made mighty. the Lofty One hath waxed for splendid riches. attract thee To us-ward. the toiler's power. HYMN XXIII. May we. the God. having received the homage which he loveth.8 Pressed is the gladdening stalk as 'twere a river: so let the rite. 10 Graciously listen to our prayer. and strength of varied sort bestow thou on us. as most wondrous sunlight. best victorious deeds. O Victor. car-borne. Indra. 2 What hero hath been made his feast-companion? Who hath been partner in his loving-kindness? What know we of his wondrous acts? How often comes he to aid and speed the pious toiler? 3 How heareth Indra offered invocation? How. For us make Vrtras easy to be conquered: destroy the weapon of our mortal foeman. win for himself the wealth which he possesseth? May he. drives in the distant mornings that we know not. as the courser strains his. glorified with praises. although our debts' exactor. How. be he who gives us cattle. O Indra. Whereby the Strong. For thee a new hymn. Lord of Bays. mark well my truthful praises. and what bond of friendship with a mortal hath the God chosen as this morn is breaking? How. eagerly drinking. of the Bright One. who have entwined in him their firm affection? 6 Is then thy friendship with thy friends most mighty? Thy brotherhood with us. let wealth swell hiah like rivers to the singer. . ever longing. through song be victors ever. -when may we tell it? The streams of milk move. 7 About to stay the Indra-less destructive spirit he sharpens his keen arms to strike her. hearing. and what love hath he for those who love him. 5 How. Send to us all intelligence arid wisdom O Maghavan. 11 Now. rejoicing in the Soma and its fountain? Delighting in juice. exceedingly strong leather bridle. 1. 9 Ever by us perform thy most heroic. marketh he the invoker's wishes? What are his ancient acts of bounty? Wherefore call they him One who filleth full the singer? 4 How doth the priest who laboureth. the beauty of the Lovely One for glory. Indra! lauded.

When heroes. hath oped the deaf ears of the living. risking their lives they make him their protector. to Law their milk they render. 1. For he the Hero. to him may Indra give heroic vigour. 4 Strong God! the folk at need put forth their vigour. prepares the brew and fries the grains of barleyLoving the hymns of that devoted servant. Lord of Bays. glowing. 3 Him.glorified with praises. that he may grant us riches. May we. 10 Fixing eternal Law he. each side. fighting. ye people. When warrior bands encounter one another some in the grapple quit themselves like Indra. Not disaffected. WHAT worthy praise will bring before us Indra. . through song be victors ever. HYMN XXIV. That Maghavan brings comfort in the foray to the religious man who pours libations. The praise-hymn of eternal Law. let power swell high like rivers to the singer. removes transgressions. is fashioned. 5 Hence many a one worships the might of Indra: hence let the brew succeed the meal-oblation. thought of eternal Law. For thee a new hymn. By holy Law long lasting food they bring us. by holy Law have cows come to our worship. give up their bodies. 9 Firm-seated are eternal Law's foundations in its fair form are many splendid beauties. Indra. for children and their offspring. that well-praised Indra gives us real bounties. Indra! lauded. the Son of Strength. gives the singer treasures: he is the Lord who sends us gifts. too. 2 To be invoked and hymned in fight with Vrtra. upholds it swift moves the might of Law and wins the booty. 11 Now. car-borne. arousing. verily.8 Eternal Law hath varied food that strengthens. the men invoke in combat. 7 He who this day for Indra presses Soma. Hence let the Soma banish those who pour not: even hence I joy to pay the Strong One worship. To Law belong the vast deep Earth and Heaven: Milch-kine supreme. with devoted spirit this man he takes to be his friend in battles. the Soma. striving together in the whirl of battle.. for him who longs fot it. foe to foe. 6 Indra gives comfort to the man who truly presses.

car-borne. . nor many to him shall Aditi give spacious shelter. or the Adityas? Of whose pressed stalk of Soma drink the Asvins. the devout. For thee a new hymn. WHAT friend of man. Indra. 10 Who for ten milch-kine purchaseth from rne this Indra who is mine? When he hath slain the Vrtras let the buyer give him back to me. dear the Somabringer. 5 Him neither few men overcome. going. kin. fritridship. Who sayeth. the Hero manliest of heroes. 11 Now. He heightened not his insufficient offer. May we. to Indra dear is the zealous. is fashioned. bind alliance. still unpurchased. Soma-drinker. Simple and clever. own Friend to him who offers. for oblation. and the lord looked upon the long-drawn battle. through song be victors ever. 7 Not with the wealthy churl who pours no Soma doth Indra. 9 He bid a small price for a thing of value: I was content. Indra! lauded. wellinclined in spirit? 4 To him shall Agni Bharata give shelter: long shall he look upon the Sun uprising. Dear is the pious. 1. 8 Highest and lowest. dwelling in contentment. Indra. yearning therefor. and Agni. Let us press the juice for Indra. He draws away his wealth and slays him naked. Lord of Bays. men who stand between diem. God-loving. returning. glorified with praises. both milk out the udder. man's Friend. brotherhood with Indra? Who hath recourse unto the Sage for succour? 3 Who claims to-day the Deities' protection. destroyer of the dumb who would resist him. HYMN XXV.8 When the impetuous chief hath sought the confliet. or friend to him who pours not. let wealth swell high like rivers for the singer. hath delighted. this day in Indra's friendship? Who with enkindled flame and flowing Soma laudeth him for his great protecting favour? 2 Who hath with prayer bowed to the Soma-lover? What pious man endues the beams of morning? Who seeks bond. 6 This Hero curbs the mighty for the zealous: the presser's brew Indra possesses solely: No brother. The matron calls to the Strong God whom pressers of Soma have encouraged int the dwelling. asks Aditi for light. returning.

The Falcon. 1. 1. 3 In the wild joy of Soma I demolished Sambara's forts. O Maruts. and the Gods moved according to my pleasure. supreme of falcons be this fleet-winged Falcon. wildly raging in his mind. and hence the Falcon hath acquired his glory. Friend of the Gods. holy singer. I WAS aforetime Manu. utterly. left the foolish. the Falcon speeding onward. Then.pinioned. 3 When with loud cry from heaven down sped the Falcon. grasping fast. 5 When the Bird brought it. 2 I have bestowed the earth upon the Arya. Because. with no car to bear him. the hundredth habitation. HYMN XXVII. HYMN XXVI. together. As I lay within the womb. the archer Krsanu aimed and loosed the string to strike him. bearing thousand libations with him. A hundred iron fortresses confined me but forth I flew with rapid speed a Falcon. ten thousand. 4 Before all birds be ranked this Bird. Straightway the Bold One left the fiends behind him and passed the winds as he grew yet more mighty. thence hasting like the wind he bore the Bold One. Then downward bither fell a flying feather of the Bird hasting forward in his . and rain upon the man who brings oblation. strong. considered all generations of these Gods in order. hence in rapid motion sent on the wide path fleet as thought he hurried. I guided forth the loudly-roaring waters. the Soma which be bad taken from yon loftiest heaven. Indra. 4 The Falcon bore him from heaven's lofty summit as the swift car of Indra's Friend bore Bhujyu. 2 Not at his own free pleasure did he bear me: he conquered with his strength and manly courage. I. And. I was Surya: I am the sage Kaksivan. Kutsa the son of Arjuni I master. Swift he returned with sweetness of the Soma. brought. he brought to Manu the Godloved oblation. 6 Bearing the stalk. I am the sapient Usana behold me. when helping Divodasa Atithigva. Bird bringing from afar the draught that gladdens. wise. The Bold One left Malignities behind him.Those who show forth their strength when urged to battle-these are the men who call for aid on Indra. yea. 7 The Falcon took and brought the Soma. ninety-and-nine. in wild joy of Soma.

by thee protected may we be thine. and piercing through set free the habitations. 4 He who with succour comes to his implorer. all life's support. 5 So. Ye drave away. cast down the Dasyus. The stable which the bar or stone obstructed. exulting. in this thy friendship. O Indra. filled with milk. Heroes. of a truth. and took great vengeance with your murdering weapons. Indra and Soma. ye put to death the foemen. filled with the shining liquid. on heaven's high summit was separated from the great oppressor. O Indu. 1. ye burst the stable of the kine and horses. white. COME. unto us with powers and succours. 4 Lower than all besides hast thou. The best of sweet meath which the priests have offered: that Indra to his joy may drink. princes and priests . 3 Indra smote down. Indra-Soma. 5 And now let Maghavan accept the beaker. HYMN XXVIII. to this our sacrifice he cometh marking how he is called by Soma-pressers. He who himself sets to the pole swift Coursers. Indra. and conscious that his Steeds are noble. the Dasyus ere the noontide in the conflict. 3 Make his cars hear. HYMN XXIX. abject tribes of Dasas. Indra for man made waters flow together. Thunder-wielder. that he may show his vigour and may be joyful in the way he loveth. true Wealth-bestower. the Hero. May mighty Indra pouring forth in bounty bestow on us good roads and perfect safety. 1. O Indra. lauded. and opened as it were obstructed fountains. and sent forth the Seven Rivers. the singer here who with his song invites him. he joyeth with the Somapouring heroes. Indra swiftly with might pressed down the wheel of Surya. with thee for his confederate. Slew Ahi. Past even the foeman's manifold libations. thousands. Soma. Of those who gladly sought a hard-won dwelling he cast down many a thousand with his arrow. Fearless. he who hath hundreds. that he may take and drink it to his rapture. ALLIED with thee. with thy Tawny Steeds. glorified with our hymns. 5 O Indra Maghavan. 2 Man's Friend. 2 Indu. What rolled.journey. Agni consumed.

12 Thou.and singers. Maghavan. The Dasa. 5 When. 9 Thou. of a car. in the war. 19 Thou. affrighted. 8 And this heroic deed of might thou. though Daughter of the Sky. both Aryas. Indra. thou speddest forth the Sun. 4 When for the sake of those oppressed. Thou stolest away the Sun's car-wheel. also hast achieved. 20 For Divodasa. broken to pieces. Indra. 15 Of Dasa Varcin's thou didst slay the hundred thousand and the five. The castaway. Indra. When thou didst lengthen days by night. to share the lauds. fighting singly. didst. Lord of Heroes. O INDRA. 1ndra overthrew A hundred fortresses of stone. On yonder side of Sarayu. slewest swift. Indra. Indra. with magic power resist the overflowing stream Who spread her waters o'er the land. 17 So sapient Indra. him who brought oblationt. 1. 14 Thou. thou. from the lofty hill. None may attain this bliss of thine. caused the unwedded damsel's son. HYMN XXX. 11 So there this car of Usas lay. in safel o'er. 7 What? Vrtra-slayer. the lame. thou slewest those who strove with thee. Vrtra-slayer. also smotest down Kulitara's son Sambara. 6 When also for a mortal man. from her ruined car. Lord of Might. 3 Not even all the gathered Gods conquered thee. When thou didst crush his fortresses. and Kutsa as he battled. And holpest Etasa with might. none is better. thou o'ercamest all the furious Gods. didst conduct those two forlorn. Indra. 16 So Indra. Indra. 10 Then from her chariot Usas fled. 18 Arpa and Citraratha. That thou didst smite to death the Dame. fiercest in thy wrath? So hast thou quelled the demon too. didst crush Usas. When the strong God had shattered it. Crushed like the fellies. Mighty One. those Who feared the flood. When lifting up herself in pride. 13 Valiantly didst thou seize and take the store which Susna had amassed. the blind. mightier than thou: Verily there is none like thee. Vrtra-slayer. Sharing the riches sent from lofty heaven which yields much food. in Vipas. art not thou. 2 Like chariot-wheels these people all together follow after thee: Thou ever art renowned as Great. 21 The thirty thousand Disas he with magic power and weapons sent . Powers. and all desire its bounty. brought Turvaga and Yadu. Heaven's Daughter. meditating ill. Indra. Indra. And she herself fled far away.

Winning for us both kine andsteeds. Most lofty as the heaven on high. whatever deed of might thou hast this day to execute. and the God Karulati give all things fair. O THOU who slewest Vrtra. 1. Thou Shaker of all things that be. HYMN XXXII. so turn thee hitherward to us. for Dabhiti's sake. open thou forus The stables that are filled with kine. Indra. Indra. And great celestial opulence. May Risan. 24 O Watchful One. 22 As such. Attracted by the hymns of men. run their course With thee and with the Sun alike. thou art general Lord of kine for all. Nor thy great deeds when thou wilt act. 23 Indra. may Aryaman the God give thee all goodly things. 12 Favour us. hither to our side. Indra. 15 O Surya. wonderful.To slumber. Indra. 8 And verily to him who toils and presses Soma juice for thee Thou quickly givest ample wealth. With what most mighty company? 2 What genuine and most liberal draught will spirit thee with juice to burst Open e'en strongly-guarded wealth? 3 Do thou who art Protector of us thy friends who praise thee With hundred aids approach us. WITH what help will he come to us. O Vrtra-slayer. 3 Even with the weak thou smitest down him . boldly moves endued with splendour. Mighty One with thy mighty aids. 4 Like as a courser's circling wheel. 2 Swift and impetuous art thou. 11 Do thou elect us this place for friendship and prosperity. None be there now to hinder it. Bhaga. make our fame to be most excellent among the Gods. not a hundred hinderers can check thy gracious bounty's flow. 1. Lord of Power and Might. come. evermore with overflowing store of wealth: With all thy succours aid thou us. 10 May thine assistance keep us safe. 9 No. thy hundred and thy thousand aids: May all thy favours strengthen us. 14 Our chariot. HYMN XXXI. 13 With new protections. wondrous amid the well-dressed folk: Thou doest marvels for our help. 6 What time thy courage and his wheels together. ever-waxing Friend. Giver. 5 Thou seekest as it were thine own stations with swift descent of powers: I share thee even with the Sun. like an archer. the people call thee Maghavan. Indra. O Indra. Indra. ne'er repulsed. 7 So even. who pauses not to think.

or start not. bring thee near to us. verily thou art the general treasure even of all . Blameless. and a thousand. thou art famed in many a place as bountiful Hero. 21 O Vrtra-slayer. Lover of the Song. 16 Eat of our sacrificial cake: rejoice thee in the songs we sing. Comrades for lively energy. Rbhus. Indra. with the Friends thou hast. lauded. 9 The Gotamas have sung their song of praise to thee that thou mayst give. hasten nigh: So let thy bounty come to us. art alone the Lord of strength that comes from kine So grant thou us abundant food. for lively energy. Lover of the Song. HYMN XXXIII. even us. 17 To India for a thousand steeds well-trained and fleet of foot we pray. 4 O Indra. 8 They turn thee not another way. a gift from thee. 18 We make a hundred of thy kine. come with thy succours wonderful. 19 We have obtained. Even as a lover in his bride. thy bounty let us share. 10 We will declare thy hero deeds. ten water-ewers wrought of gold: Thou. Vrtra-slayer. Thee. to thee we sing aloud our songs: Help hnd defend us. givest much. therefore. 22 I praise thy pair of Tawny Steeds. 15 May praise from us who think Qn thee. O Indra. Innocuous in the ways they take. and irresistible. 23 Like two slight images of girls. Thou wrougbtest when the Soma flowed. Turn thy two Bay Steeds hitherward. 14 Excellent Indra. yea.who is stronger. wise Son of him who giveth kine Terrify not the cows with these. 24 For me the Bays are ready when I start. Attacking them in rapturous joy. with the wealth of kine. O Caster of the Stone. the Gotamas who bring thee praises have grown strong by thee. O Indra. 11 The sages sing those manly deeds which. what Disa forts thou brakest down. Soma-drinker thou. when. Indra. 20 A bounteous Giver. So shine the Bay Steeds in their course. O Indra. 5 As such. 13 For. with thy strength The mighty. unrobed. turn to us: glad thee among us with the juice Of Somas. . Indra. 6 May we be friends of one like thee. do we invocate. And hundred jars of Soma juice. Give them renown with hero sons. bring much and not a trifling gift: Much. with the dawn. 12 Indra. 7 For thou. give us much. we are close to thee. upon a new-wrought post. Indra. wilt thou fain bestow. Thou wilt give wealth to those who praise.

The Gods' expert artificer was Vaja. Vibhvan. Tvastar approved this rede of yours.this was the younger's sentence. through these their labours they were made immortal. 8 May they who formed the swift car. 4 As for a year the Rbhus kept the Milch-cow.I. Not without toil are Gods inclined to friendship... I crave the white cow for the overspreading. Rbhu. O Rbhus. 7 When for twelve days the Rbhus joyed reposing as guests of him who never may be hidden. Therefore do ye who are so great. who were lying like posts that moulder. 10 They whol made glad with sacrifice and praises.thus spoke the youngest. and the Cow omniform and all-impelling. young again for ever. Indra's Rbhuksan. They won the friendship of the Gods.May Vaja. Wind-sped. Rbhus. throughout a year fashioned and formed her body. bestow upon us gear and growth of riches. the Soma-lovers. waters filled the hollows. Vibhvan. his docile Steeds. Vaja. and Indra with the gift of . Four beakers let us make. O Rbhus. they brought the rivers.-the Rbhus. 6 The men spake truth and even so they acted: this Godlike way of theirs the Rbhus followed. wrought the two Bays. 2 What time the Rbus had with care and marvels done proper service to assist their Parents.thus said the eldest. Plants spread o'er deserts. And Tvastar. 1. Varuna's was Vibhvan. when he looked on the four beakers resplendent as the day. 5 Two beakers let us make. pondering it with thought and mental insight. 9 So in their work the Gods had satisfaction. Lct us make three. for Indra. lley made fair fertile fields. joined with Indra . To this our sacrifice come Rbhu. 11 This day have they set gladdening drink before you. And through a year's space still sustained her brightness. I SEND my voice as herald to the Rbhus. Even may they form wealth for us.. deft in work and gracious. protect our sacrifice. the Sages carried away the fruit of their devotion.Rbhus. bearing Heroes. HYMN XXXIV. as those who wish a friend to prosper. was moved with envy. dexterous-handed. 3 May they who made their Parents. the Skillful Ones in rapid motion have in an instant compassed round the heaven. vouchsafe us treasures at this third libation.

in rich sustenance and treasure. ye Children of Strength. Drink of this meath. O ye Sons of Strength. Come hither. blameless in this our sacrifice. HYMN XXXV. whose calves are newly-born. who helped their Parents and the Asvins. in concord with the Parvatas. Heroes. In full accord with Savitar. These draughts approach you as the day is closing. joined with Indra with whom ye are in full accord. O Rbhus.-far. give unto us and those who laud our present. their stable. first to drink. who drink in season. to gladden you. close-knit with heavenly Dames who give us treasures. ye Princes.reaching Heroes. who formed the Milchcow and the pair of horses. 2 Knowing your birth and rich in gathered treasure. rejoicing. glorified for the sake of mighty treasure. The gladdening draughts and wisdom have approached you: send ye us riches with good store of heroes. ye Rbhus. was the gift of riches. in heroes. Rejoice you with the Maruts and with Indra. Vajas. 9 Rbhus. which ye. in full accord with floods that pour forth riches.riches. as cows. invoked with humble adoration. Rbhus! unto you is offered. O Rbhus. Such. they have made good offspring. Divine One. ilymn-lover! with the Maruts drink it: Close-knit with drinkers first. Vajas and Rbhuksans. stay not afar. O ye Rbhus. close-knit. 11 Ye were not far: we have not left you thirsting. 1. 6 Come to this sacrifice of ours. like men. Rbhus. Drink. 3 For you was made this sacrifice. rejoice together with the Rtus. 10 Ye who have wealth in cattle and in booty. O Heroes. Wealth-givers. ye Children . for him who served you. 5 Come to us. To you come all who find in you their pleasure: ye all were-even the two elder-Vajas. 7 Close knit with Varuna drink the Soma. with the Kings. Gods! that ye may give us riches. O Rbhus. the third and great libation. 4 Now for the mortal worshipper. won for yourselves aforetime. 8 Rejoice in full accord with the Adityas. Rbhus. Made armour. Because this day hath Dhisana the Goddess set drink for you: the gladdening draughts have reached you. Indra. set the heaven and earth asunder.

is the noonday libation. have fashioned wealth with plenteous store of heroes. at dawn thejuice thou drankest: thine. THia car that was not made for horses or for reins. O ye Vajas. HYMN XXXVI. which ye have won by skill. 3 O Vajas. to drink of this drinkoffering. O Sons of Strength. among the Gods this was your exaltation . 6 Whoso pours out for you. 2 Hither is come the Rbhus' gift of riches. the cup. Then. O Vajas. O Rbhus. O Friend. rejoicing. whom your artist skill hath raised to Godhead have set you down above in heaven like falcons. reaching far. by thought. At this libation is your gift of treasure. deft-handed Rbhus. Now drink thou with the wealth-bestowing Rbhus. O mighty Rbhus. 2 Ye Sapient Ones who made the lightly-rolling car out of your mind. rich in treasure. Since by dexterity and skill as craftsmen ye made the single chalice to be fourfold 3 Ye made fourfold the chalice that wag single: ye spake these words and said. O Indra. 4 Out of what substance was that chalice fashioned which ye made fourfold by your art and wisdom? Now for the gladdening draught press out the liquor. that bestoweth treasure.This drink hath been effused for you.of Sudhanvan. O ye Rbhus. Children of Sudhanvan. and ye Rbhus. You. only thine. 7 Lord of Bay Steeds. fashioned the two swift Tawny Steeds who carry Indra. when days are closing. rolls round the firmament. we invoke. the car that never errs. With cunning. to the Gods' assembly. For him. ye. ye dexterous-handed. for Gods to drink. of die meath of Soma. being such. 5 Ye with your cunning made your Parents youthful. 9 The third libation. drink it with high delight. three-wheeled. 8 Ye. O Rbhus . here was the drinking of the wellpressed Soma. assist us. Vajas! gained the path of life eternal. Let gladdening draughts approach you after Indra's. 1. worthy of lauds. ye formed with cunning. that. and drink. Rbhus. That is the great announcement of your Deity. Rbhus. So give us riches. whom for their skill thou madest friends. you. ye have become immortal. Rbhus. the sharp libation for your joy. ye sustain the earth and heaven. with joy like Indra's.

have produced. mid the Gods. delight you. rich in high courage. So quickly. who have full knowledge of all the delights of men. Rbhus have looked kindly on. Vajas. For ye have lore and wisdom and poetic skill: as such. 5 Wealth from the Rbhus is most glorious in renown. by the paths which Gods are wont to travel. Fashion for us. As ye. worn with length of days. Vibhvan. with this our prayer we call on you to come. 3 Your threefold going near is God-appointed. the mightiest comrade in the fight. when imbibed. Ye Sons of Strength. . accept in splendid weather the sacrifice among these folk of Manus. that which the Heroes. Rbhuksans. 9 Bestowing on us here riches and offspring. Manus-like. mid younger folk I offer. may the drops clothed in oil this day approach you. that we may make us more renowned than others. excellent. ye have a splendid car and well-fed horses. and vital strength. Vajas and Rbhuksans. Gods! is famed among mankind. 8 According to the wishes of our hearts may ye. the bowman is a hero hard to beat in fight. Great store of wealth and manly power hath he obtained whom Vaja. the hymn of praise: Vajas and Rbhus. In synods must be sung the car which Vibhvan wrought: that which ye favour. 4 Strong. power and splendid wealth. ye progeny of Indra. here fashion fame for us befitting heroes. 7 To you hath been assigned the fairest ornament. ye wrought again to youth so that they moved at will. Rbhus. COME to our sacrifice. with fair chains of gold and jaws of iron. and by your wisdom brought the Cow forth from the hide. the Soma. Vouchsafe us wealth of splendid sort. So. 2 May these rites please you in your heart and spirit. your great work must be extolled. HYMN XXXVII. the man a sage in eloquence. Gods. May the abundant juices bear you onward to power and strength. Vajas and Rbhus. O Rbhus.gloriously declared. joy therein. O Rbhus. ye gained immortal life. In that your aged Parents. so praise is given you. 4 The chalice that wag single ye have made fourfold. to you who are aloft in heaven. 6 Strong is the steed. famed for vigour. 1. and. for handy wealth. 5 Rbhuksans! him. gay Gods. to you the best is offered to delight you.

7 O Vajas and Rbhuksans. making him a garland. 10 Dadhikras hath o'erspread the Fivefold People with vigour. at sacrifice and with the steed. or a herd of cattle. the giver of many gifts. lauded. who visiteth all people. Indra's equal. among the cattle. Must be successful. by his thoughts. this way and that with rows of cars he rushes. rich in steeds. 2 And ye gave mighty Dadhikras. Speeding straight on amid the swiftly ressing. Dadhikras hath sped forward with his thousands. Gay like a bridesman. those who attack tremble and are affrighted. FROM you two came the gifts in days aforetime which Trasadasyu granted to the Purus. that ample riches may be won. tossing the dust. as 'twere down a precipice. swift and of varied colour. Dadhikris. 4 Who gaineth precious booty in the combats and moveth. 1. ye Nasatyas. beyond the churl. 7 And that strong Steed. Ye gave the winner of our fields and plough-lands. obedient with his body in the combat. whirling the car and flying like the tempest. Speeding to glory. Rbhus. winning spoil. fain to come forth first amid these armies. 5 Loudly the folk cry after him in battles. Ye Princes. dread is he in his striving. free for us the paths to sacrifice. before other men's. Indra. 8 O Vajas and Rbhuksans. HYMN XXXVIII. as 'twere a thief who steals away a garment. Impetuous hawk. victorious and faithful. like a brave King whom each true man must honour. casts o'er his brows the dust he tosses upward. champing the rein that holds him. none may stay him. the steed. that we may press forward to each point of heaven. 6 And. like the roar of heaven. 3 Whom. 6 The mortal man whom. most bounteous ever. looking on the assemblies. each Puru praises and his heart rejoices. we invoke. Of him they say when drawing back from battle. to worship of the living. bless this wealth.Springing forth like a hero fain for battle.Him. swift rushing. 9 The people praise the overpowering swiftness of this fleet Steed who giveth men abundance. as the Sun . Shown in bright colour. And. even as a hungry falcon swooping downward. 8 And at his thunder. For when he fights against embattled thousands. and the strong smiter who subdued the Dasytis. ye and Indra favour with your help.

Mitra. Varuna and Mitra. and light. as of a bird that hastens onward to its aim. 3 His pinion. May he the true. 6 So have I glorified with praise strong Dadhikravan. seeking war and booty. Drawing himself together. Now give we praise to Dadhikras the rapid. may he hasten the food of Dawn. 1. the vigorous Courser lends new swiftness to his speed. ye. Whom. bring food. Him. as his strength allows. HYMN XL. a guide for mortals. thousands. Brhaspati Son of Angiras. and the thunder-wielding Indra. the fleet. 1. of one mind with Varuna and Mitra may Aditi make free from all transgression. the bird-like Dadhikravan. the Vasu in mid-air. To us have Varuna and Mitra granted the Courser Dadhikris. . 5 The Hamsa homed in light. 4 Bound by the neck and by the flanks and by the mouth. strength. rapid runner. gave to Purus. when the flame is kindled at break of dawn. may he prolong the days we have to live.lightens the waters. May the strong Steed who winneth bundreds. 5 Both sides invoke him as they call on Indra when they stir forth and turn to sacrificing. LET us recite the praise of Dadhikravan: may all the Mornings move me to exertion. and bear me safely over every trouble. Varuna. Dadhikras springs along the windings of the paths. May the Dawns flushing move me to exertion. Sweet may he make our mouths. and mention in our laud the Earth and Heaven. the Courser Dadhikrivan. and Agni. then the blest name of Maruts. Dadhikravan. 4 When we remember mighty Dadhikravan our food and strength. dwelling with the good and with the swift. 2 Brave. and Agni. 2 I praise the mighty Steed who fills my spirit. fans him m his way. Dawn. and Surya. conquering Steed. as it were a falcon's gliding through the air. HYMN XXXIX Dadhikras. the lover of the course. the Stallion Dadhikravan rich in bounties. the priest beside the altar. And. we invoke for welfare. 3 Him who hath honoured. Praise of the Lord of Waters. swift of foot aind shining bright as Agni. requite with sweetness these my words and praises. strikes Dadhikravan's side as he speeds on with might.

as Friends inclined to friendship. HYMN XLI. in sky. as to battle. the robber and oppressor: measure on him your overwhelming vigour. devoted. Jayeth the Vrtras and his foes in battles. 3 Indra and Varuna are most liberal givers of treasure to the men who toil to serve them. touched you. in spirit? 2 He who with dainty food hath won you. desirous of gaining wealth have these my thoughts proceeded. good comrades of the man who seeks for booty. 10 May we ourselves be lords of during riches. as Princes. the great Cow pouring out her thousand rivers. Indra-Varuna. 5 O Indra-Varuna. in truth. 9 To Indra and to Varuna. born of flood. Indra-Varuna. They have come nigh to you as treasurelovers. for your ancient kindness. O ye Mighty. 1. for worthy sons and grandsons. for the Sun's beauty and for steer-like vigour. as milk to Soma. When they. We choose to us for the dear bond of friendship. fleet-footed. truth. to us .in the house the guest. 8 Showing their strength. 7 For you. delight in flowing Soma. honoured with dainty food. mid men. Dweller in noblest place. So may the Twain who work with newest succours bring yoked teams hitherward to us and riches. O Mighty. 6 For fertile fields. For glory have they gone. most liberal Heroes bringing bliss like parents. gone forth to pasture. like mares. O IndraVaruna. these hymns for grace. be ye the lovers of this my song. as his allies to friendship. to Indra-Varuna my thoughts and praises. Milk may it yield us as. he is holy Law. eager for the glory. as steers who love the milch-Cow. with oblation. mountain. May Indra-Varuna with gracious favours work marvels for us in the stress of battle. come. WHAT laud. 11 Come with your mighty succours. Indra and Varuna. 4 Indra and Varuna. Free-givers I have gone to you. and through your mighty favours is made famous. of ample sustenance for car and hones. O Indra-Varuna. addressed with homage. ye hurl. Gods. kine. on him your strongest flashing bolt of thunder Who treats us ill. hath like the Immortal Priest obtained your favour? Hath our effectual laud.

thou great Disposer! Thou art renowned as having slain the Vrtras. excite the conflict. When lauds and Soma juice have made me joyful. I AM the royal Ruler. 3 I Varuna am Indra: in their greatness. call on me in combat. Law Observer.in battle. conquering foemen. I am the King of men's most lofty cover. By Law the Son of Aditi. 9 The spouse of Purukutsa gave oblations to you. both the unbounded regions are affrighted. And that Milch-cow who ahrinks not from the milking. possessing much. Varuna's will the Gods obey and follow. Lord of surpassing vigour. Varuna's will the Gods obey and follow. I am the King of men's most lofty cover. the Seven his. What time the flashing arrows play in combat. HYMN XLIL Indra-Varuna. joined and held together. like Indra. and set the heaven firm in the scat of Order. the slayer of the foeman. These the two world-halves have I. 6 All this I did. 8 Our fathers then were these. what time the son of Durgaha was captive. O Indra-Varuna. mine is empire. 7 All beings know these deeds of thine thou tellest this unto Varuna. a demi-god. I Indra Maghavan. give to us daily. delight in riches. . fain for battle. O Indra-Varuna. 10 May we. 5 Heroes with noble horses. as mine who sway all life are all Immortals. Gods in oblations and the kine in pasture. may we through you be winners in the contest. For her they gained by sacrifice Trasadasyu. The Gods' own conquering power never impedeth me whom none opposeth. 2 I am King Varuna. I stir the dust. selected warriors. these the two wide deep fairlyfashioned regions. Thou madest flow the floods that were obstructed. To me were given these first existinghigh celestial powers. the demi-god. even as Tvastar knowing all beings. hath spread abroad the world in threefold measure. 4 I made to flow the moisture-shedding waters. with homage. Then unto her ye gave King Trasadasyu. 1.

ye omnipresent! come to this sacrifice of ours. rich with fair offerings. your grace was given us. 2 Asvins. WE will invoke this day your car. ye Twain. Asvins. whereby ye come to us when invocated? Whether of you confronts e'en great betrayal? Lovers of sweetness. Asvins. 6 Let Sindhu with his wave bedew your horses: in fiery glow have the red birds come hither. the car that beareth Surya. farspreading. offering homage? 4 Borne on your golden car. ye gained that glory by your Godhead. is my wish directed. of the sunlight. 3 So many days do ye come swiftly hither. help and save us. which of all Gods take pleasure in our homage? On whose heart shall we lay this laud celestial. divine. Protect. fitted with seats. Descended from the sky. rich in treasure. 5 In the wide space your chariot reacheth heaven. WHO will hear. what time it turneth hither from the ocean. even the gathering. lovers of sweetness! These have they dressed for you as dainty viands. by which of all your powers are ye most mighty? 4 What is the prayer that we should bring you. the singer of your praises: to you. Sweets from your sweet shall drop. for the sacrifice's ancient lover. 1. Nasatyas. O ye rich in booty. Dasras. Asvins. or with hymns to drink the juices? Who.Car praised in hymns. whereby ye were the Lords of Siirya's Daughter. strong-pinioned. who of those who merit worship. Food followeth close upon your bright appearing when stately horses in your chariot draw you. HYMN XLIV. dearest to Immortals? 2 Who will be gracious? Who will come most uickly of all the Gods? Who will bring liss most largely? What car do they call swift with rapid coursers? That which the Daughter of the Sun elected. Nasatyas. turneth you hither.HYMN XLIII. 7 Whene'er I gratified you here together. as Indra to give help in stress of battle. by your own might and power. Drink of the pleasant liquor of the Soma give riches to the people who adore . Asvins. O Asvins. ye Sons of Heaven. 1. 3 Who bringeth you to-day for help with offered oblation. most ample. Observed of all was that your rapid going.

DRINK the best draught of Soma-juice. is my wish directed. awake at early morn. ye Twain. the fires sing to the morning Asvins at the break of day. 6 Now for us both. and spreading through mid-air bright radiance like the Sun. 7 Whene'er I gratified you here together. Wherewith ye travel swiftly through the regions to the prompt worshipper who brings oblation. Stripping the covering from the surrounded gloom. rich in store of mcath. from heaven. your grace was given us. Nasatyas. 5 Well knowing solemn rites and rich in meath. gold-pinioned. Asvins 1. your chariot with good steeds. refresh the paths with meath: hither. O Asvins. Because the men have sent you praise. Protect. When with pure hands the prudent energetic priest hath with the stones pressed out the Soma rich in meath. fain for draughts that cheer: ye come like flies to our libations of-the meath. spread through the firmament bright radiance like the Sun. Vayu. 6 The rays advancing nigh. 5 Come hitherward to us from earth. borne on your golden chariot rolling lightly. Within this car are stored three kindred shares of food. and cars and horses at the flushing of the dawn. the singer of your praises: to you. mete out. Suffer not other worshippers to stay you here are ye bound by earlier bonds of friendship. O ye rich in booty. bring the skin that holds the meath. harness for the meath's sake the chariot that ye love. O WonderWorkers. 4 The swans ye have are friendly. strong to draw. YONDER goes up that light: your chariot is yoked that travels round upon the summit of this heaven. HYMN XLVI. exultant. riches exceeding great with store of heroes.you. Indra-Vayu 1. and a skin filled with meath is rustling as the fourth. 2 Forth come your viands rich with store of pleasant meath. and Ajamilhas come to the laudation. O Asvins. Refresh the way ye go. 7 Devout in thought I have declared. which lasts for ever. Swimming the flood. And the Sun harnessing his horses goeth forth: ye through your Godlike nature let his paths be known. at our holy rites: . HYMN XLV. chasing with day the gloom. 3 Drink of the meath with lips accustomed to the draught. O Vayu. O Asvins.

Come to our succour with your team. for the worshipper. TASTE offerings never tasted yet. 1. HYMN XLIX. ye to whom the sacrifice is paid. speeding together. the bright is offered thee. is the juice: drink it. drawn by teams. 4 The longed-for teams which ye possess. 3 The two dark treasuries of wealth that wear all beauties wait on thee. on thy team-drawn car. 3 O Indra-Vayu. HYMN XLVIL Vayu. 1. 4 For ye. Lords of Strength. 3 May steeds a thousand bring you both. seated in the car. to the feagt. be your journey here unyoke your steeds. hitherward. 6 Here. hitherward To drink the Soma. Indra-Vayu. Vayu. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. O Vayu. Come thou to drink the Soma juice. 7 Hither. 2 Come. Indra. and Vayu. Indra-Vayu. 1. thou and Indra are meet drinkers of these Soma-draughts. longed-for. Vayu. O Indra-Vayu. Indra and Brhaspati-and Indra-to drink Soma juice. God. O Vayu. and let thy chariot come to us with might. 5 Harness. For you. with thy hundred helps. that reaches heaven. O Vayu. DEAR is this offering in your mouth. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. that ye may drink the Soma juice. O Heroes. 4 May nine-and-ninety harnessed steeds who yoke them at thy will bring thee. with Indra. accordant with the Gods. with 1ndra. Vaya. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. mount the goldenseated car that aids The sacrifice. 3 As Soma-drinkers to our house come. For unto you the drops proceed as waters gather to the vale. Here for your draught of Soma juice. . Indra-Vayu. O Indra and Brhaspati: Famed is the laud. to drink it and rejoice. Indra-Brhaspati. O Indra and Brhaspati. O Vayu. as bards enjoy the foeman's wealth. the gladdening draught. 5 On far-refulgent chariot come unto the man who offers gifts: Come.For thou art he who drinketh first. seated by thy side. 2 O Vayu. Within the giver's dwelling-place. Indra-Vayu. O Vayu. mighty Twain. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. Turn to us. Yea. best of the meath at holy rites. or a thousand steeds. team-drawn. HYMN XLVIII. and drink your fill of juice. to thy car a hundred well-fed tawny steeds. 2 Removing curses. 2 This lovely Soma is effused. O Indra-Vayu.

9 He. the Father. 5 With the loud-shouting band who sang his praises. Brhaspati thundering drave forth the cattle. 10 Indra. in well-marked wise rejoicing were they. O Indra. the Soma in the giver's house: Delight yourselves abiding there. With store of horses. 5 O Indra. with thunder. from thy remotest distance have they sat down who love the law eternal.4 Vouchsafe us riches hundredfold. 8 In his own house he dwells in peace and comfort: to him for ever holy food flows richly. unopposed. who pressed around us. with his sevenfold mouth. set before them. ever-moving birthplace. with his seven rays. when first he had his being from mighty splendour in supremest heaven. For thee were dug wells springing from the mountain. Brhaspati. and homage even thus the Steer of all the Gods. HYMN L. To him the people with free will pay homage-the King with whom the Brahman hatb precedence. Brhaspati. with noise of thunder. with thunder. he destroyed obstructive Vala. Him of the pleasant tongue have ancient sages. gifts. blew and dispersed the darkness. to drink the Soma juice. is master of the riches. 6 Drink. may we be lords of riches. the stall uninjured. the lowing cows who make oblations ready. . Brhaspati. and Brhaspati. adorns and worships him as foremost sharer. deep-thinking. we call you when the meath is shed. 2 Wild in their course. 6 Serve we with sacrifices.of his own subjects and of hostile people. Him who with might hath propped earth's ends. 4 Brhaspati. rainers of treasure. The Gods uphold that King with their protection who helps the Brahman when he seeks his favour. which murmuring round about pour streams of sweetness. this company's raining. Strong. Indra and Brhaspati. who sitteth in threefold seat. With songs. Preserve Brhaspati. Brhaspati. 1. holy singers. rejoicing at this sacrifice drink the Soma. thousandfold. and Brhaspati. Who cherishes Brhaspati well-tended. Brhaspati. with noble progeny and store of heroes. 7 Surely that King by power and might heroic hath made him lord of all his foes' posses-ions. 3 Brhaspati.

they are not known aparto alike. I ask you. the seven-toned singer? 5 With horses harnessed by eternal Order. from one place spreading in the selfsame manner. and beast. unwasting. from the seat of holy Order the Godlike Dawns come nigh like troops of cattle. 11 Brhaspati and Indra. ye seek with wealth Navagva. 7 Blest were these Dawns of old. 4 O Goddesses. in self-same fashion. splendid and purifying. FORTH from the darkness in the region eastward this most abundant splendid light hatb mounted. . In the unlightened depth of darkness round them let niggard traffickers sleep unawakened. by praises. like pillars planted at our sacrifices. and where is she through whom they fixed the Rbhus' regulations? What time the splendid Dawns go forth for splendour. true with the truth that springs from holy Order. ancient this day. hymning and lauding. 3 Dispelling gloom this day the wealthy Mornings urge liberal givers to present their treasures. Daughters of Heaven. Dawn. HYMN LI. these Mornings similar. bring welfare to the people. 8 Hither from eastward all at once they travel. Dasagva Angira. unbarred the portals of the fold of darkness. or is it new. Goddesses. 2 The richly-coloured Dawns have mounted eastward. swiftly round the worlds ye travel. O Heaven's refulgent Daughters. bestow upon us wealth with store of children. With whom the toiling worshipper. 10 O Goddesses. Arousing from their rest. is this your car. 1. Wherewith. make us prosper may this be your benevolence to usward. Assist our holy thoughts. and all that lives. the sleeping. Now verily the far-refulgent Mornings. flushing far. Awaking. bird. soon attained to riches. rich Dawns. ye Mornings. man.Let the abundant drops sink deep within you: vouchsafe us riches with full store of heroes. 9 Thus they go forth with undiminished colours. O Dawns. And. Concealing the gigantic might of darkness with radiant bodies bright and pure and shining. shining with succour. 6 Which among these is eldest. wake up our spirit: weaken the hatred of our foe and rivals. to motion.

Dawn hath filled full the wide expanse. the Sage. The Dawn became the Asvins' Friend. neer to be deceived. he putteth on his golden-coloured mail. 4 Lighting all living creatures. giver of delight. OF Savitar the God. and Earth the Goddess. ye Daughters of Heaven. Dawn. Daughter of Heaven. Sets the three heavens in motion and the threefold earth. After thy nature aid us. who brings to life and lulls to rest. 4 Thinking of thee. Dawn. as her who driveth hate away. three regions. THIS Lady. and willingly protects us with his triple law. 2 Sustainer of the heaven. Savitar hath brought forth bliss that deserveth laud. the dear wide region of mid-air. and. refulgent Dawns. Savitar. the sapient Asura. Fulgent One! thou layest bare the gloom with light. 1. 5 Our eyes behold thy blessed rays like troops of cattle loosed to feed. 11 Well-skilled in lore of sacrifice. May we be glorious among the people. Wherewith he freely grants his worshiper defence. 3 Yea. 6 Most gracious God. O joyous One. in colour like a bright red mare. he who controls the . I thus address you. filling the spacious realm. Clear-sighted. May Heaven vouchsafe us this. protects each holy ordinance. Savitar. God.2 Unfailing. 6 When thou hast filled it. Mother of the Kine. HYMN LIL Dawm. 7 Thou overspreadest heaven with rays. He hath stretched out his arms to all the folk of earth. hath shown herself.As from our pleasant place of rest ye rouse us may we be masters of heroic vigour. This with his rays the Great God hath vouchsafed to us. rules his own mighty course. HYMN LIII. and thou art the Asvins' Friend. we crave this great gift which is worthy of our choice. Savitar hath stretched out his arms to cherish life. With thy bright shining lustre. with his laws observed. after her Sister shining forth. spreading far. 5 Savitar thrice surrounding with his mightiness mid-air. Lord of the whole world's life. We woke to meet thee with our lauds. and the triple sphere of light. 1. producing with his rays and lulling all that moves. 3 He hath filled full the regions of the heaven and earth: the God for his own strengthening waketh up the hymn. the Mother of the Kine art thou: O Dawn thou rulest over wealth.

life succeeding life. 4 None may impede that power of Savitar the God whereby he will maintain the universal world. preserve us. that he may grant us here riches most excellent. Gods.for tranquil life. 3 The Housewife Goddess. day and night. Visvedevas. May Indra. Vasus. day after day. O Savitar. thou openest existence. May he invigorate us through the days and nights. Earth. saveth? who protecteth? O Heaven and Earth and Aditi. that work of his stands sure. 7 With the year's seasons hath Savitar. and givest fixed abodes with houses unto these. Savitar. provide . when they shine forth infallible dividers. Aditi. 1. Have ordered as perpetual Ordainers. 2 For thou at first producest for the holy Gods the noblest of all portions. O Savitar. and may he send us opulence with progeny. come nigh: may he prosper our home. 1. -Savitar the God. Mitra. or through insolence. in weakness. Now must we praise and honour Savitar the God: at this time of the day the men must call to him. alike among both Gods and men. Varuna. which of you at sacrifice giveth comfort? 2 They who with laud extol the ancient statutes. 3 If we. give food and noble sons. still. Savitar. 6 May the libations poured to thee thrice daily. HYMN LV. Heaven. from the stronger mortal. and beamed as holy-thoughted WonderWorkers.world. May he vouchsafe us shelter. men as we are. O Savitar. and Sindhu. the Goddess Svasti I implore for friendship: And may the unobstructed Night and Morning both. However they may fly and draw themselves apart. What the fair-fingered God brings forth on earth's expanse or in the heightof heaven. 5 To lofty hills thou sendest those whom Indra leads. Aditi with Adityas. HYMN LIV.. what moves not and what moves. have sinned against the Gods through want of thought.. Him who distributes wealth to Manu's progeny. give us shelter. with triple bar against distress. they stand obeying thy behest. WHO of you. bring us blessing. immor-tality: Thereafter as a gift to men. Absolve us from the guilt and make us free from sin. God. Sindhu with the Waters.

exhaustless: Faithful and guileless. O Mighty. most extensive. Far-reaching. perfect Mitra's Law. with his power he brought both realms. 5 I have besought the favourof the Maruts. with high protection as of Queens. Varuna have disclosed the pathway. through song be victors ever. HYMN LVI. we bring our lofty song of praise. Mitra. holy.for our protection. car-borne. May we. 1. Varuna. Heaven and Earth. together spacious and deep. be present here with light and gleaming splendours. the rivers. guard us. he who produced these Twain the Earth and Heaven. 4 Aryaman. of Parvata. the Gharma-heaters have opened. Pure Ones! to glorify you both. Indra. most meet for honour. with one accord promoting. rich pleasant Dawn. through these our watery oblations. MAY mighty Heaven and Earth. Aryaman. 8 Agni is Sovran Lord of wealth. with Ahibudhnya. We dare not stint the sacred food of Mitra and Varuna upon the back of Agni. Agni as Lord of Strength the road to welfare. Lauded in manly mode may Indra-Visnu grant us their powerful defence and shelter. 5 To both of you. Thou who hast ample store of wealth. 7 May Goddess Aditi with Gods defend us. Savitar. 3 Sure in the worlds he was a skilful Craftsman. vast. from woe sent by his friend let Mitra save us. From trouble caused by man the Lord preserve us. Heaven and Earth. by your own proper might ye rule. with bounty come to us. 2 The Goddesses with Gods. 4 O Heaven and Earth. And from of old observe the Law. 9 Hither to us. fixing them apart. 7 Furthering and fulfilling. of Bhaga God who rescues. Goddesses. Agni of great prosperity: May he bestow these gifts on us. wellfashioned. the Two stand pouring out their rain. unsupported. Wise. our welfare. save us the saviour God with care unceasing. as they come anear. 6 Ye sanctify each other's form. the Steer roars loudly in farreaching courses. As if to win the sea. bring many things to be desired. O Heaven and Earth. leaders of sacrifice with shining splendours. 10 So then may Bhaga. ye. holy with holy. universal. 6 Agree. having Gods for children. When. .

May the Field's Lord for us be full of sweetness. as rich in milk. Ghrta. his hands are seven in number. well-purified like butter. This hath the four-horned Buffalo emitted. That which is holy oil's mysterious title: but the Gods' tongue is truly Amrta's centre.Ye sit around our sacrifice. Suna and Sira. 1. Lords of holy Law be gracious. and may we follow after him uninjured. HYMN LVIII. 4 That oil in triple shape the Gods discovered laid down within the Cow. So let the Brahman hear the praise we utter. Etc. 8 Happily let the shares turn up the ploughland. Indra produced one shape. the wave that beareth sweetness. WE through the Master of the Field. Distilling meath. his heads are two. With meath and milk Parjanya make us happy. 2 Let us declare aloud the name of Ghrta. 4 Happily work our steers and men. HYMN LVII. and with the milk which ye have made in heaven Bedew ye both this earth of ours. . be drained for us through each succeeding year. 6 Auspicious Sita. happily go the ploughers with the oxen. 5 Suna and Sira. welcome ye this laud. and let the. may Pusan guide its course aright. the waters. Happily be the traces bound. concealed by Panis. Bound with a triple bond the Steer roars loudly: the mighty God hath entered in to mortals. and full of sweets for us be air's mid-region. come thou near: we venerate and worship thee That thou mayst bless and prosper us and bring us fruits abundantly. 3 Sweet be the plants for us. may the plough furrow happily. Surya another: by their own power they formed the third from Vena. 2 As the cow yieldeth milk. obtain What nourisheth our kine and steeds. Grant us prosperity. FORTH from the ocean sprang the wave of sweetness: together with the stalk it turned to Amrta. In such may he be good to us. pour for us freely. even as through a friend. Ksetrapati. 3 Four are his horns. three are the feet that bear him. May she. 1. happily may he ply the goad. 7 May Indra press the furrow down. the heavens. and at this sacrifice hold it up with homage. Lord of the Field. 5 From inmost reservoir in countless channels flow down these rivers which the foe beholds not.

Where Soma flows and sacrifice is ready. 6 Like rivers our libations flow together. 8. o'er the surfaceof the floods.I look upon the streams of oil descending. Bear to the Gods the sacrifice we offer the streams of oil flow pure and full of sweetness. I now behold them. within all life. within the heart. and Jatavedas joyfully receives them. they incline to Agni. cleansing themselves in inmost heart and spirit. May we attain that sweetly-flavoured wave of thine. at its gathering. flow swifter than the wind the vigorous currents. 10 Send to our eulogy a herd of cattle bestow upon us excellent possessions.Like women at a gathering fair to look on and gently smiling. 7 As rushing down the rapids of a river. 11 The universe depends upon thy power and might within the sea. The streams of holy oil attain the fuel. The streams of holy oil pour swiftly downward like the wild beasts that fly before the bowman. and lo! the Golden Reed is there among them. brought. The streams of oil in swelling fluctuation like a red courser bursting through the fences. . thither the streams of holy oil are running. 9 As maidens dock themselves with gay adornment to join the bridal feast.

they glorify with homage. his Mother's bosom. In might. Yielding in every house his seven rich treasures. when both Dawns of different hues have borne him. Like young trees shooting up on high their branches. 2 For worship of the Gods the Priest was wakened: at morning gracious Agni hath arisen. adorable.RIG VEDA . his radiant might is made apparent. Agni 1. and the great Deity set free from darkness. 3 When he hath stirred the line of his attendants. effulgent. Kindled. as the eyes of all to Surya. worshipful House-Friend. he drinketh. with the pure milk pure Agni is anointed. which spread in front. That strength the Bull with thousand horns possesses. his flames are rising to the vault of heaven.THE FIFTH BOOK HYMN I. Agni is seated. thou excellest others. strong Steed who never faileth. for him to whom thou hast appeared most lovely. Wondrously fair. erect. Agni. Priest most skilled in worship. preeminent o'er many. O Agni. faithful. a Priest most skilful. 8. 5 The noble One was born at days' beginning. springs up at daybreak as a strong white charger. 7 This Singer excellent at sacrifices. in his home is worshipped. 9 Thou quickly passest by all others. laid red in colour mid the welllaid fuel. Agni the Priest. our own auspicious guest. 4 The spirits of the pious turn together to Agni. He. The strength-bestowing gift is then made ready. 6 Agni hath sat him down. lauded by sages. with tongues. on a sweet-smelling place. Him who spread out both worlds by Law Eternal they balm with oil. Young. He. the darling of the . sage. the guest of men. Agni is wakened by the people's fuel to meet the Dawn who cometh like a milch-cow. kindled among the folk whom he sustaineth.

Reproached in turn be those who now reproach him. even as with a herd. when he lies upon the arm. 1.people. observant. 8 Thou hast sped from me. These seized him not: he had been born already. Indra who knoweth bent his eye upon thee: by him instructed am I come. Agni. when thou art seated here. But. 12 To him adorable. nor yields him to the Father. the people see his unfading countenance before them. Most Youthful God! to thee. Agni. HYMN II. bright-coloured. loose from us the bonds that bind us. with the Holy Ones around it. like gold light to heaven. O . 6 Mid mortal men godless have secreted the King of all who live. Great. Agni. So may the prayers of Atri give him freedom. THE youthful Mother keeps the Boy in secret pressed to her close. How can the Indraless. O Priest who knowest. O Youthful One? The ConsortQueen hath bome him. Mark well the prayer of him who best extols thee. 10 To thee. home of the people. brilliantly shining. The Babe unborn increased through many autumns. 7 Thou from the stake didst loose e'en Sunahsepa bound for a thousand. May he. hurling his weapons from his habitation. sage. 3 I saw him from afar gold-toothed. Agni. for he prayed with fervour. O Agni from near and far the people bring their tribute. they whose protector was in truth no stranger? Let those whose hands have seized upon them free them. high. What time I gave him Amrta free from mixture. the hymnless harm me? 4 I saw him moving from the place he dwells in. 2 What child is this thou carriest as handmaid. 5 Who separate my young bull from the cattle. auspicious. O Agni. is thy shelter. 11 Ascend to-day thy splendid car. I saw him born what time his Mother bare him. Gavisthira hath raised with prayer to Agni this laud far-reaching. drive the herd to us-ward. Knowing the paths by mid-air's spacious region bring hither Gods to feast on our oblation. in splendour. They who were grey with age again grow youthful. in thine anger: this the protector of Gods' Laws hath told me. strong and mighty we have sung forth our song of praise and homage. So.

and sharpens both his horns to gore the Raksas. by sacrifice shall conquer mortals. O Selfsustainer. O Agni. 11 As a skilled craftsman makes a car. by riches conquer mortals. none Self-sustainer pass thee in wisdom. He conquers godless and malign enchantments. 3 The Maruts deck their beauty for thy glory. 4 Gods through thy glory. Indra art thou to man who brings oblation. O Agni. O Agni may we conquer through our oblation. a singer I. Agni. awakened: May we in battle. To man who spreads the grass may he grant shelter. the strong-necked Steer. Destroy this calumny of him. 10 Loud in the heaven above be Agni's roarings with keen-edged weapons to destroy the demons. Ile man within whose house as guest thou dwellest. accept it gladly. God who art so lovely! granting abundant gifts gained life immortal. As a kind friend with streams of milk they balm thee what time thou makcst wife and lord one-minded. Mighty One! this hymn for thee have fashioned. HYMN III.O Son of Strength. Forth burst his splendours in the Soma's rapture. The godless bands press round but cannot stayhim. gather the foeman's wealth with none to check him. O God. and by his greatness makes all things apparent. As their own Priest have men established Agni. 5 There is no priest more skilled than thou in worship. O Son of Strength. brightly-coloured. all Gods are centred. God. yea. and serve him fain for praise from him who liveth. 2 Aryaman art thou as regardeth maidens mysterious. 7 He shall bring evil on the evil-plottcr whoever turns against us sin and outrage. is thy name. THOU at thy birth art Varuna. 6 Aided by thee.Agni. may we obtain thereby the heavenly Waters. In thee. fain for wealth. waxing in vigour. Rudra! for thy birth fair. O Agni. 1. in the days' assemblies. when thou art kindled thou becomest Mitra. Thus to this Agni have the Immortals spoken. 12 May he. That which was fixed as Visnu's loftiest station-therewith the secret of the Cows thou guardest. 9 Agni shines far and wide with lofty splendour. whoever injures us with double- . If thou. grant shelter to the man who brings oblation.

Through thee may we obtain the strength we long for. making thee their envoy. But this our Agni. 6 Drive thou away the Dasyu with thy weapon. 5 As dear House-Friend. when wilt thou regard us? When. King and Lord of wealth and treasures. 12 To thee these eulogies have been directed: or to the Vasu hath this sin been spoken. to the store of wealth thou goest. this our fuel. 1. of one accord with Ila. to this our sacrifice come thou who knowest. O Jatavedas.bearer. verily thou bearest thy praiser safely over all his troubles. 4 Agni. fair to behold. and overcome the fierce attacks of mortals. when thou. skilled in holy Law. Eternal Father. HYMN IV. flaming high. Agni. so in fight save us. 9 Save. far-reaching. pure. O sapient Agni. 2 Agni. And doth not Agni. O AGNI. draw thy father near thee. balmed with butter. and measure out to us abundant glory. thou who knowest. having scattered all assailants. in thee is my delight at sacrifices. shall never yield us to calumny. who counts as thine own son. offering. And. God! our ancient fathers served thee with offerings. When. a God cnkindled with good things by mortals. O Child of Power. Agni. gaining vital power for thine own body. Enjoy. 3 The Sage of men. the Lord of human races. From well-kept household fire beam food to feed us. O Son of Strength. Good Lord! acceptest this as Father. enjoy. purifying Agni. gain splendid bliss when he hath waxen mighty? 11 Most Youthful Agni. the Gods thou satisfiest. bring to us the possessions of our foemen. 8 At this dawn's flushing. glad in strength of Godhead. guest welcome in the dwelling.dealing. wilt thou direct us? 10 Adoring thee he gives thee many a title. Agni. Him the Omniscient as your Priest ye stablish: he wins among the Gods things worth the choosing. and bring the Gods to us to taste oblations. to him who wrongs us. most heroic Agni. farrefulgent. . As. Thieves have been seen by us and open foemen: unknown have been the plottings of the wicked. striving in rivalry with beams of Sarya.

hither bring Indra the Wonderful. Send our oblations thitherward. 1. Narasamsa. thou soft as wool The holy hymns have sung to thee. 10 As I. Bring gain to us. Among the Gods may we be counted pious: protect us with a triply-guarding shelter. with heroes and with kine for his well-being. the well-enkindled God. inspiriteth this sacrifice: For sage is he. O Agni. glorified. to the flame. accept our sacrifice and our oblation. HYMN V. Offer thick sacrificial oil. dweller in three regions. O Jatavedas Agni. With Svaha be oblation brought. To Agni. the home to which the kine return: . O Agni. Indra. I VALUE Agni that good Lord. Morning and Night we supplicate. 9 Over all woes and dangers. O Jatavedas. O Agni. and the Gods. wherever thou knowest the Gods' mysterious names. Apris. Agni. with sweets in hand. the Friend. Jatavedas. 6 Fair strengtheners of vital power. to whom thou grantest ample room and pleasure. call with might on thee Immortal. 9 Rich in all plenty. 1. a mortal. 2 He. Jatavedas. Be seated harmless on the grass. Vouchsafe us high renown. Mahl. 10 Vanaspati. 7 On the wind's flight come. 11 To Agni and to Varuna. 8 Son of Strength. Praised with our homage even as Atri praised thee. ne'er beguiled. O beautiful! 5 Open yourselves. and with our gifts. 8 l! Sarasvati. On lightly-rolling car to aid. the Maruts. 3 Adored. 11 The pious man. Gaineth abundant wealth with sons and horses. fairbeaming Purifier! Send to us wealth containing all things precious: bestow upon us every sort of riches. ye Doors Divine. the sacrifice. with our lauds adore thee. easy of access for our aid: Fill. 4 Spread thyself out. and may I be immortal by my children. come auspicious of thine own accord Help us in every sacrifice. Agni. ye two celestial Priests of man Come ye to this our sacrifice. young Mothers of eternal Law. Tvastar. three Goddesses who tring us weal.7 May we. remembering thee with grateful spirit. bear us as in a boat across a river. HYMN VI. be the guardian of our bodies. more and more.

deft with his unabated might. 2 'Tis Agni whom we laud as good. the Son of Strength. treasure he gives when he is pleased. bearer of our gifts. OFFER to Agni. fading not. 7 Even as a herd that crops the grass he shears the field and wilderness. 3 Agni the God of all mankind. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. Agni gives precious gear for wealth. So that this glorious fuel may send forth by day its light for thee. O Agni. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. we will kindle thee. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 4 He gives a signal in the night even to him who is afar. They give delight. your seemly food. With flashing teeth and beard of gold. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. He by the might of splendour grasps the holy Ordinance's rein. Agni. 8 To us who laud thee. 5 To thee the splendid. May we who have sung hymns to thee have thee for envoy in each house. when they meet in full assembly. unchanged by eld. To him supremest o'er the folk. in our hymns. brilliant God. So fill us also. 6 Whom. . Agni. the home of every man that lives. Prince of men. is brought. these brilliant flames of thine wax like strong chargers mightily. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. To whom the chargers swift of foot. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 10 Thus Agni have we duly served with sacrifices and with hymns. within thy mouth warmest both ladies of the oil.Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 6 These Agnis in the seats of the fire nourish each thing most excellent. bright. and strong enduring steeds as home. Lord of flame. O Lord of Strength. Agni. to whom our well-born princes come. Oblation with the holy verse. they spread abroad. abundantly. Even him whom worthy ones inflame. He who gives flavour to our food. the Bright. HYMN VII. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 5 He in whose service on the ways they offer up their drops of sweat. to whom the milch-kine come in herds. and living creatures bring to life. verily. consumes the sovrans of the wood. 7 Agni. your seemly praise. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 1. When he. as ridges on the earth. So may he give us what we crave. men rejoice. gives.Whom fleet-foot coursers seek as home. they move themselves continually. store of brave sons and fleet-foot steeds. rich in thy splendour. 9 Thou. bring fresh food and safe and happy homes. the mighty Lord: 2 Him in whose presence. a steed to man. Who with the treadings of their hoofs go swiftly to the stalls of kine. O my friends. mortal man hath found to be the Stay of all. wondrous. On him is their high kin have they mounted. 3 When we present to him the food and sacrificial gifts of men. sought of many. 4 God.

7 Men seeking joy have lit thee worshipped from of old. Thee. So be thou pleased with us. Agni! multiform. multiform. I deem thee Jatavedas: bear our offerings. inflamed. widely-reaching. Agni. glorified with oil. as to Atri. homed in sacred oil. Blest One! visible to all. . may Atri overcome the Dasyus who bestow no gifts. loud-roaring. the men of old who loved the Law enkindled thee. BEARING. O AGNI urged to strength. lavishest of wealth. and holy. 6 The Gods. thou. 9 Agni to whom the oil is shed by him thou lovest to support. 5 Thou. subdue the men who give no food. have they made the Eye that stirs the thought. God who art lauded much! givest in every house subsistence as of old. the Friend and Master of the home. Agni is Priest. unceasingly. bedewed and waxing mighty by the plants. Agni. 2 In the man's home who offers gifts. 10 Such zeal hath he. Hath the well-bearing Mother borne. to whom. with hair of flame. good protector. Agni. thee. Agni.8 For him. most excellent. distributor of wealth. kind helper. the Discerner. skilled in worship. worship thee the God. nourisher of all. resistless one: he gained the cattle given by thee. 1. 2 Thee. O Agni. bright as an axe he. So thou. Agni. producing when her time is come. oblations mortal men. Angiras! as a God enkindled by the noble with man's goodly light. 4 Ever to thee. O Agni. invoked. Bestow upon these mortals fame and splendour and intelligence. skilled in well-ordered sacrifice. the bearer of oblations and the messenger. hath flashed forth. who knowest well burnt offerings. HYMN IX. Thee very bright. To whom all sacrifices come and strengthenings that win renown. where grass is trimmed. as exceeding strong have we drawn nigh with songs and reverence singing hymns. effulgent. men have stablished as their guest of old. the Ancient. Thou rulest by thy might o'er food of many a sort: that light of thine when blazing may not be opposed. O Agni. the kindling-sticks have brought to life. drier of the floods. as an infant newly-born. Most Youthful Agni. with good fuel and with sacred oil. as Master of the household. have made thee. HYMN VIII. Dwelling in secret. for their aid. 3 The tribes of men praise thee. 1. 3 Whom. Sustainer of the tribes of men. spreadest thyself abroad over the realms of earth. High-bannered.

for fresh prosperity. for the Bharatas. 2 Ensign of sacrifice. resistless on thy way. increase the house and home of these. HYMN XI. they who deck their songs for thee have horses as their meed. Agni. thou victorious God. that singers may extol thee. 7 Bring to us. Agni. he shineth splendidly. Agni. 3 Pure . like offspring of the wriggling snakes. The men are mighty in their might. very hard art thou to grasp. like a rattling car that seeks the spoil.4 Yea. Like lightnings flashing round us. 1. The might of Asuras rests on thee. lauded of old and lauded now. the. the princes who have won great riches through our hymns of praise. BRING us most mighty splendour thou. O Agni. With Indra and the Gods together on the grass let the wise Priest sit to complete the sacrifice. 5 Whose flames. averting hate. . when thou art sending forth the smoke. The men. e'en as a smelter sharpeneth thee. Agni. Invoker! wealth to quell the strong. 3 Agni. 7 O Agni. increase our means of life. in the mead. with high heaventouching flame. Angiras. subbue the wickedness of mortal men. completely reach the mark. let priests draw nigh to offer gifts. May we. 4 Bright Agni. to our heroes bring such riches. 1. as that of heaven. With overflowing store of wealth mark out for us a path to strength. The men bear Agni here and there in every house. and help in aining strength: be thou near us in 6rht for our success. When thou consumest many woods like an ox. 4 May Agni graciously come to our sacrifice. awakes thee of its own accord. like as a smelter fanneth thee. men have kindled Agni in his threefold seat. When Trta in the height of heaven. bywisdom and bounteousness of power. Agni. worshipped God: thy banner was the smoke that mounted to the sky. With oil upon his face. those resplendent flames of thine go valorously forth. 5 O Agni. they whose high laud. With oil they strengthened thee. And let the patrons of our rites subdue all regions of the earth. Agni. 6 O Agni. the earliest Household-Priest. come to succour us. Agni. HYMN X. from thy two Mothers art thou born: thou camest fromVivasvan as a charming Sage. pure. THE watchful Guardian of the people hath been born. unadorned. by thy succour and by Mitra's friendly furtherance. like Mitra worshipful in act. May he protect and nourish us. the very strong. wondrous Agni. 6 Now. 2 Ours art thou. Be near us in fight for our success.

Agni? The God. Agni. they have become ungracious. we meditate Agni's effectual praise to-day. become the knower of a new song. 6 O Agni. follower of the Law eternal. Praise of the God who touches heaven. I bring my song directed to the Mighty like pure oil for his mouth at sacrifices. bearer of our gifts: electing Agni. fleeing back from wood to wood. Agni. meet for worship. O Agni. May the noble offipring of Nahusa who wandered forth come hither. HYMN XIII. for help. knows me: the Lord of him who won this wealth I know not. 5 For thee. And worship the Celestial Folk. Wide is his dwelling. we kindle thee with songs of praise. my prayer I offer. lofty Asura. what splendid helpers won for them their riches? Agni. 6 He who pays sacrifice to thee with homage. -with songs of praise. call thee the Son of Strength. and men. Agni. the Guardian of the seasons. the Angirases discovered thee what time thou layest hidden. They have deceived themselves by their own speeches. is this sweetest prayer of mine: dear to thy spirit be this product of my thought. 2 Mark the Law. 1. in alliance with thy foeman. O Agni. Agni. Steer of eternal Law. and make thee yet more mighty in thy strength. take pleasure in our songs of praise. To Agni. yea. who guard the dwelling-place of falsehood? Who are protectors of the speech of liars? 5 Agni. observe it: send forth the full streams of eternal Order. Priest among mankind. As great streams fill the river so our song of praise fill thee. I use no sorcery with might or falsehood the sacred Law of the Red Steer I follow. men choose one exceeding wise. art spread widely forth. 3 May Agni. 4 Thou. Thou by attrition art produced as conquer. WITH songs of praise we call on thee. Agni.He hath become an envoy. uttering wicked words against the righteous. Priest dear and excellent. thou who knowest.ing might. O Angiras. 4 Who. those friends of thine have turned them from thee: gracious of old. keeps the Red Steer's Law eternal. 2 Eager for wealth. through thee . 3 How hast thou. I. HYMN XII.

Agni. riches. Agni. 2 By holy Law they kept supporting Order. hast holpen Atri to great wealth. with light killing the Dasyus and the dark: He found the Kine. 1. is Agni. the Floods. the far-renowned. With ladle that distilleth oil. devout and eloquent. 1 yearn for bounty manifold. 5 Serve Agni. encompassest the Gods. 3 That he may bear their gifts to heaven. Agni. a song I offer. 6 Thou Agni. God! that broad stream of thine that beareth riches. Agni. best giver of our strength: So grant thou us heroic might. Agni.Men make the sacrifice complete. born newly. ENKINDLING the Immortal. by help of sacrifice. Thou. as the felly rings the spokes. 1. the Sun. they labour hard to bring him. sing praise to. to the God Whom men have set in foremost place like Mitra with their eulogies. thyself. by teaching. the ancient. heaven's firm sustainer. 2 At high solemnities mortal men glorify him the Immortal. men seated on that stay. May he. Enthroned in oil. conquer his assailants: round him they stand as round an angry lion. 5 May strength preserve the compass of thy vigour. like a mother. all glorify him Agni. plenteous food as power resistless. God of all mankind. To him. thou wanderest round. in loftiest heaven. 5 Singers exalt thee. 4 Agni shone bright when born. 1. to cherish and regard each man that liveth. 6 They have exalted Agni.Consuming all the strength that thou hast gotten. the wise Ordainer. well lauded. the Asura. 4 When. HYMN XV. firm support of noble. HYMN XVI. like a thief who keeps his refuge secret. ancient and glorious. God adorable. and hear my call. the Sage whose back is balmed with oil: Let him approach. . wake Agni with song of praise: may he bear our oblations to the Gods. God. with oil and hymns Of praise. best At sacrifice among mankind.They who attained with born men to the unborn. bliss-giver. in varied fashion. 3 Averting woe. HYMN XIV. GREAT power is in the beam of light. spreading forth to nourish.

Immortal Gods! 3 Nobles. with solemn rites. So we and these our princes will assemble for the good of all. much-beloved guest of the house. 4 Wealth loads the Wonder-Worker's car through his. Agni. HYMN XIX. set to hold Apart yon flame-hued vault of heaven.2 He by the splendour of his arms is Priest of every able man. 3 All rests upon the laud and love of him the rich. as Bhaga deals. 5 Now. have decked themselves with high renown. HYMN XVIII. Agni. Be near in fight to prosper us. GOD. Thy praiser even gains at once the Soma-drops. Whose bearns of splendour flash on high as though they sprang from heavenly seed. his boons. Heroes' illustrious. have they offered gifts: they guard the strength that never . Then. Yea. meet to be invoked among all tribes. God who givest steeds! that car hither and thither goes unharmed. high-flaming God. heroes who institute the rite. Agni. 4 So. 5 O Agni. 2 Near him thou seemest mightier still in native glory. and deals. 1. too. lofty fame. Be near in fight to prosper us. 3 Yea. lovely beyond the thought of man. glorified. 1. Protect us for our welfare: lend thy succour. 1. be glorified. A man call Agni to protect when sacrifice is well prepared. the princes shall obtain excellent riches by our lips. And strew the grass before the light. bring precious wealth. with song I call that car of yours that shines with lengthened life. 2 Discerning. may a mortal call the Strong hither. O thou Son of Strength. 4 They who have varied ways of thought. Agni. On whom. is Agni ghorified. be the Friend of these with liberal gift of hero strength. quickly come to us. who at the synod met for praise presented me with fifty steeds. the lauds within their lips. 2 For Dvita who receives through wealth of native strength maimed offerings. 5 Immortal Agni. who guard. men have laid great strength as on a faithful friend. AT dawn let: Agni. HYMN XVII. this is by the light of him whom powerful siong hath bound to act. ONE state begets another state: husk is made visible from husk: Within his Mother's side he speaks. the very wise One's power. and. loud-roaring. Agni conveys oblation straight. to aid. Immortal who delights in all oblations brought by mortal men. Heaven and Earth have not surpassed this Youthful One in glorious fame. give the chiefs. For.

through this Soma. Agni the God and Minister. Agni. Like Manus. Most Wise One! at the feast. rejoice. the perfecter of strength and skill. 4 Here as is needful for thine aid we toil. conquering all. have gloriously increased in might. unconquered. These flames of his are wasting flames. for Law. Straight go the ladles unto thee. as. 4 Mark with attention this our speech. . O Sage. May we rejoice. HYMN XXIII. HYMN XX. Agni. with worship due to Gods. as 'twere. the Atris with their lauds exalt. seeking spoil. 2 For well. cause us to praise before the Gods As our associate meet for lauds. Agni. Angiras. wealth which thou verily deemest wealth. We who bring sacred food invoke with song thee Chief at holy rites. 1. on his breast. best winner of the spoil. WE stablish thee as Manus used. with kine. O Agni. with heroes. Strong-jawed! as the homestead's Lord. Radiant One. comprising all the Gods. 3 Svaitreya's people. Of thine excelling favour we bethink us as we long for it. thou victorious One. the God of most observant mind. Who must be praised in holy rites. 3 Thee have all Gods of one accord established as their messenger. 3 All mortals come to thee for aid. Visvasaman! sing to him of purifying light. the Priest most welcome in the house. Shine forth enkindled. Agni. 1. Agni. 4 I bring. day by day. O Conqueror. sit in the chamber of the food. A gold chain Brhaduktha wears. 2 Set Jatavedas in his place. the Atris beautify with songs. O Agni. 1. Serving at sacrifices men adore thee as a God. AGNI. By thy fair splendour's mighty power. come to us in sportive fashion. Thee. For wealth. HYMN XXI. the great who ward not off the anger of thy power and might Stir up the wrath and hatred due to one who holds an alien creed. all his men. O Agni. the longed-for milk. finding thyself close to the wind that fans thee. like arrows keen-pointed. LIKE Atri. Like to a caldron filled with food is he. art thou pleased when thou art kindled mid mankind. sharpened. Let sacrifice proceed to-day duly. 2 Agni. HYMN XXII. To a strong fort have they pressed in. Sit in the chamber of the Law. Agni. Agni.wastes. thou highborn God whose food is oil. 3 Thee. for the pious man . as Manus used we kindle thee. worship Gods. at the feast. the dear milk of the Sister-Pair. 4 Let mortal man adore your God. 5 Beam of light. bring victorious wealth. 1. would we choose as Priest.

2 Victorious Agni. for he extends to mortals and to Gods alike. Invite thee to their worship-halls. with splendour and thy pleasant tongue Bring hither and adore the Gods. as with a ship. bright God! for our prosperity. the God of all men. bringer of glory to his sire. HYMN XXIV. O Agni. and give us wealth most splendidly renowned. Bring the Gods hither to the feast. 1. shine wealth on us through hymns of praise. be thou a kind deliverer and a gracious Friend. and keep us far from every sinful man. 3 For all the folk with one accord. hath gotten him might that quelleth foes. we come with prayer for happiness for our friends. Agni is bearer of our gifts. Holy and Divine. bright-rayed! who lookest on the Sun. ne'er subdued. O Radiant God. O AGNI. and. for choicest wealth. HYMN XXVI. 6 Agni bestows the hero-lord who conquers with the men in fight. For thou art wonderful and true. 2 Excellent Agni. 8 Resplendent are thy rays of light: loud is thy voice like pressing-stones. 2 We pray thee. 4 Agni is King. whose sacred grass is trimmed and strewn. and. Of deep devotion. 5 Agni gives to the worshipper a son. worthy of our choice. 1. be our nearest Friend. may he give gifts. Purifier! splendidly. your God Agni. Son of the Brands. 1. as a dear Priest. in these homes shine forth. and the Gods themselves. near us. O Most Bright. save us from the foe. bring to us the wealth that vanquisheth in war. the best. 3 So hear us. for he is good to us. 9 Thus. conquereth in fight.Wealth that o'ercometh all mankind. 7 The mightiest song is Agni's: shine on high. thou who droppest oil. listen to this call of ours. carry us over all our foes. Agni. righteous. shine. the victor never overcome. riches and strength proceed -from thee. HYMN XXV. Worship ye Agni with your thoughts. I WILL sing near. O AGNI. 4 To thee then. The Priest with the delicious tongue. most wise. Agni bestows the fleet-foot steed. thou who art rich in light. whpm men of old enkindled. Agni. Like the Chief Consort of a King. seeking riches. . 4 For he. 2 For be is true. of itself thy thunder goes forth like the roaring of the heaven. 3 With wisdom that surpasseth all. giver of strength in herds of kine. Agni. O Agni. for grace. rich with the light of glorious beams. with gracious will most excellent. have we paid homage to Agni Conqueror. Yea. May he. of mightiest fame. come thou nigh to us.

praising the Godswith homage and oblation.3 We have enkindled thee. heroic strength: Sit with the Gods upon the grass. enkindled. 8 Duly proceed our sacrifice. hath granted me two oxen with a wagon. O Agni. HYMN XXVIII. Mitra. comprising all the Gods. come to our sacrificial gift: We choose thee as Invoking Priest. 7 Set Agni Jatavedas down. 4 He who declares his wish to me. to-day: Strew holy grass to be their seat. Laud-worthy. as thou art waxing strong and art highly praised. good at draught. 3 Show thyself strong for mighty bliss. THE Godlike hero. delight my heart. the bearer of our sacred gifts. the Asvins. 2 Protect Tryaruna. HYMN XXVII. to the worshipper who pours the juice. Vaisvanara Agni! Who granteth me a hundred kine and twenty. Varuna: The Gods with all their company. Agni. AGNI inflamed hath sent to heaven his lustre: he shines forth widely turning unto Morning. and two bay horses. 6 Victor of thousands. Pays him who with his verse seeks gain. O Indra-Agni! lofty rule like the unwasting Sun in heaven. most excellent be thine . 5 Bring. Trvrsan's son Tryaruna hath distinguished himself. Vaisvanara Agni! with ten thousands. God Most Youthful. to the Prince. 3 So Trasadasyu served thee. Eastward the ladle goes that brings all blessing. O Agni. 2 Enkindled. gives power to him who keeps the Law. Agni. come with all the Gods. gifts that guests may claim. 6 To Asvamedha who bestows a hundred gifts grant hero power. 1. envoy of the Gods. thou. 1. Agni. craving thy favour for the ninth time. O Sage. to Asvamedha. cherishest the laws. famousest of nobles. 9 So may the Maruts sit thereon. Agni. God and Minister. The gifts of Asvamedha. bright caller of the Gods to feast. Tryaruya who with attentive spirit accepteth many a song from me the mighty. and harnessed. MostYouthful. thou art King of the immortal world: him who brings offerings thou attendest for his weal. 5 From whom a hundred oxen. all of speckled hue. like thrice-mingled draughts of Soma juice. great in Sacrifice. He whom thou urgest on makes all possessions his: he sets before thee. Agni. 4 O Agni. Agni.

O Maghavan. from man's gift. and drunk. Agni. Agni. and slew the Danava. art their sapient Rsi. and overcome the might of those who hate us. joyous when he had drunk of Soma juices.effulgent splendours. All the Gods raised as 'twere a shout of triumph to Indra praise because he slew the Dragon. A Steer of brilliant splendour. I adore. So Indra forced the Engulfer to disgorgement. The Maruts. that they might flow. even as he willed it. Agni dressed quickly three hundred buffaloes. and loosed. HYMN XXIX. for Vrtra's slaughter. serve the Gods. as Maghavan. When thou for Etasa didst cause to tarry the flying mares of Surya racing forward. 6 Invoke and worship Agni while the sacrificial rite proceeds: For offering-bearer choose ye him. panting against him. 7 As friend to aid a friend. and Indra. having quaffed it. delivered to thee of their free will the draught of Soma. and three celestial lights have they established The Maruts gifted with pure strength adore thee. 2 What time the Maruts sang their song to Indra. 4 Thy glory. 4 Then heaven and earth he sundered and supported: wrapped even in these he struck the Beast with terror. so may Indra drink draughts of this my carefully pressed Sorna. MAN'S worship of the Gods hath three great lustres. And Indra. drank ofr at once three lakes of pressed-out Soma. O Usana and Indra. 6 When Maghavan with the thunderbolt demolished his nine-and-ninety castles all together. Thou camest thither -conquering together with Kutsa and the Gods: thou . 1. slew the Dragon. 9 What time ye came with strong steeds swiftly speeding. Maruts. Make easy to maintain our household lordship. for thou. 5 Thus all the Gods. thou skilled in sacrifice: For thou art bearer of our gifts. 5 Agni. where they met. O Indra. three lakes of Soma. invoked and kindled. 3 And. 8 When thou three hundred buffaloes' flesh hadst eaten. kindled. glorified Indra: ye with the Trstup hymn obstructed heaven. the youthful Waters. He grasped his thunderbolt to slay the Dragon. O ye Brahmans. thou art lighted well at sacred rites. For this oblation found for man the cattle. exalted in thy strength. to the dwelling.

13 How shall I serve thee. Thunderer. who knows them listen: hither rides Maghavan with all his army. 1. Mightiest! which we utter. and they said in answer. Indra. HYMN XXX. 12 Navagvas and Dasgvas with libations of Soma juice sing hymns of praise to Indra. 5 When thou wast born supremest at a distance. too. I. Who. O Indra. thou gavest Pipru. Most Mighty! these. 15 Indra. when we pour libation. 14 Resistless from of old through hero courage. Labouring at their task the men laid open the stall of Kine though firmly closed and fastened. accept the new prayers. and one thou settest free to move for Kutsa. though knowing full well what hero deeds thou hast accomplished? And the fresh deeds which thou wilt do.slewest Susna. to aid him? 2 I have beheld his strong and secret dwelling. what mighty deeds thou hast performed to please us. Thunder-wielder! none is there who may hinder this thy prowess. and foundest out the stable of the Milch-kine. attain to Indra. 11 The lauds of Gauriviti made thee mighty to Vidathin's son. 10 One car-wheel of the Sun thou rolledst forward. longing have sought the Founder's habitation. as prey. I asked of others. Let him who knows not learn. Thou slewest noseless Dasyus with thy weapon. Since then e'en Gods have been afraid of Indra: he conquered all the floods . and thou hast drunk his Soma. bearing a name renowned in far-off regions. much-invoked. With might thou clavest e'en the rock asunder. What thou wilt do in bravery. Rjisivan drew thee into friendship dressing the sacred food. when born. 4 Indra. accept the prayers which now are offered. and in their home o'erthrewest hostile speakers. thou hast done all these many acts. thou madest firm thy spirit: alone thou seekest war to fight with many. will we tell forth in sacred synods. 3 We will tell. May we. Indra. and to his house goes. WHERE is that Hero? Who hath looked on Indra borne on light-rolling car by Tawny Coursers. seeking riches. Maghavan. as a deft craftsman makes a car. awakened men. Like fair and well-made robes. seeks with wealth the Soma-presser. have wrought them.

which served the Dasa. King of the Rusamas. Agni! that they have granted me four thousand cattle. MAGHAVAN Indra turns his chariot downward. the Giver. There. 10 Divided from their calves the Cows went lowing around. thou torest away the head of Namuci the Dasa. and Indra then advanced to fight the Dasyu. We have received Rnancaya's wealth. on every side. urged onward. uninjured. O Agni. and pour to thee libation of the Soma. Even as a herdsman driveth forth his cattle. 12 This good deed have the Rusamas done. 11 What time the Somas mixed by Babhru cheered him. of heroes the most heroic. while joying in the milk. and gave him guerdon. well-nigh ended. Like a strong courser. too thou madest thine associate. sent me homeward with fair adornment and with kine in thousands. hither and thither. speeding. What injury can his feeble armies To me? Well he distinguished his two different voices. have received the caldron of metal which was heated for Pravargya. fleet of foot. at Rnancaya's coming. as on a car. the guileful lurker who beset the waters. in return. 15 We have received four thousand head of cattle presented by the Rusamas. 8 Pounding the head of Namuci the Dasa. what time the well-pressed Soma made him joyful. fain . whose course was ending. HYMN XXXI. was changed to morning. Indra! Yea. Maghavan. 13 The Rusamas. first. and the rolling stone that is in heaven both worlds. from the first didst scatter foemen. seeking man's prosperity. which was freely offered. The strong libations have made Indra joyful. 9 Women for weapons hath the Dasa taken. 7 Thou. And we. me. 14 Night. brought to the Maruts. Indra. he goeth. These Indra re-united with his helpers. 6 These blissful Maruts sing their psalm to praise thee. the singers. Indra with wondrous powers subdued the Dragon. the Fort-destroyer. of milch-kine. loud the Steer bellowed in his habitations. the strength-displaying car which he hath mounted. O Agni. 1. changed to morning. Babhru hath gained four thousand as his guerdon. when night. So Indra drank thereof.

Maghavan. hath come to see you. sped by Indra. Indra displayed all powers that he possesses. and the Adhvaryus come to turn it quickly. Forth from the cave he drove the milky mothers. The Brahmans with their songs exalting Indra increased his strength that he might slaughter Ahi. 10 Even this sage hath come looking for succour even to Vata's docile harnessed horses. lover of gold-hued oblation. 2. Haste to us. didst chase away the Dasytis. let them not come to sorrow. O ye men. Indra: e'en to the wifeless hast thou given spouses. 6 I will declare thine exploits wrought aforetime. O Indra. slaying Ahi.for treasure. . all. Etaga brought his wheel and firmly stays it: setting it eastward he shall give us courage. thou sunderedst earth and heaven. be not ungracious: visit us. The creaking stone is laid upon the altar. 9 Let the steeds bring you both. Ye both assailed the fierce: thou barest Kutsa: when Gods and Usana came to you together. 4. When. e'en this. Indra! and stones and Aditi accordant. and Tvastar. seeking a friend who hath expressed the Soma. 3 When out of strength arose the strength that conquers. thy dear companions: prayers have increased thy power and might. thy deeds of late achievement. and. 12 This Indra. Anus have wrought a chariot for thy Courser. and. Indra and Kutsa. There is naught else better than thou art. 11 When night was near its close he carried forward e'en the Sun's chariot backward in its running. Wonderful! Singer! that. and chased the darkness from the noble's spirit. 13 Let mortals who were happy still be happy. 7 This is thy deed. drawing nigh. from his dwelling. Indra. 5 When heroes sang their laud to thee the Hero. and with the light laid bare investing darkness. here thy strength thou showedst. rolled upon the Dasytis. Much-invoked! thy bolt that glitters. Lord of Might. Ye blew him from the waters. Lord of Bays. Without or steed or chariot were the fellies which. borne on the chariot within hearing-distance. Here are the Maruts. Didst check and stay e'en gusna's wiles and magic. 8 Thou. winning for man the moistly-gleaming waters. on the farther bank forYadu and Turvaga didst stay the gushing waters.

When at the hurling of his bolt he smote him. Love thou the pious. 1. straightway the folk bend them to him the Godlike. 8 The fierce God seized that huge and restless coiler. 2 The fountain-depths obstructed in their seasons. 11 I hear that thou wast born sole Lord of heroes of the Five Races.THE well thou clavest. even of that wild and mighty creature. yea. thou. As he imparts all vigour to these people. power which none could combat. in the pit in darkness. the Danava's wrath-fire. the God's bolt. 4 Him. thou laidest him. retire from his dominion. the mountain's udder. Him. lover-like. gives way to Indra. Thou. 5 Though he might ne'er be wounded still his vitals felt that. settest free the fountains. 10 E'en the Celestial Axe bows down before him. strong waxing. and to these thy people-with whom may we be numbered-give thou vigour. Susna. child of the mist. drinker of the sweets. couched in darkness. he bears off all riches. 9 Who may arrest his strength or cheek his vigour? Alone. and the Earth. Strong Lord. Indra. after loud-voiced threats. Him the bolt-hurling Thunderer with his lightning smote down and slew. laying the great mountain open. still waxing in the gloom which no sun lightened. recumbent. Although he deemed himself alone unequalled. whom the heavenly food of these delighted. 6 Him as he lay there huge in length extended. another had been born e'en yet more potent. he made him lower than all living creatures. through terror of Indra's might. And with his mighty weapon in his dwelling smote down the footless evilspeaking ogre. Thunderer! madest flow. 3 Indra with violence smote down the weapon. didst loose the torrents. slaughtered. slaying the Danava. When. insatiate. and gavest rest to floods that were obstructed. HYMN XXXII. thou by slaying e'en the Dragon that lay extended there hast shown thy vigour. after offered draughts. Indra. rejoicing in the poured libation.O Immortal. which his powers supported. Even these Twain. fain to battle. Strong Indra. resistless. the Hero Indra. famed . these Goddesses. 7 When 'gainst the mighty Danava his weapon Indra uplifted.

and draw the rein. conscious of might. Maghavan. whose cars are set in motion. thou whose hand wields thunder. Be friendly in the fray to those who offer the skin of beautiful and wellpressed Soma. the Brahmans who. the son of Purukutsa. Steer! Indra! thou fastenedst the girth of thy Bay Coursers. 8 And these ten steeds which Trasadasyu gives me. formedst in fights even a Dasa's nature.among the people. O Indra? HYMN XXXIII. thine are all these people. 9 And these. when lauded. the goldrich chief. Hero. in the fight where spoil is gathered. protect the bards who sing thy praises. O Strong as Ahi beauteous in war. Which. with ihy succour. his whose wealth is mighty. Gairiksita willed it and so came I hither. 4 Thou. Ascend this chariot. GREAT praise to Indra. Such. bestowed as sacrificial guerdon. because many lauds are thine. What have thy friends received from thee. 7 Thus favour us. too. 2 So made attentive by our hymns. O Indra. faithful. For Surya in his own abode thou. Who with his band shows favour to this people. lofty Indra! while yet through lack of prayer they stood unharnessed. rest their hopes on thee. 12 So. give us splendid riches. I hear of thee as in due season urging to action and enriching singers. . the feeble to the Mighty. at thy will thou drivest hither. O Indra. Lord of Treasure. invoking Indra both at eve and morning. Resplendent in their brightness shall convey me. And thousands which kind Cyavatana gave me. Indra. great and strong mid heroes. O Lord of noble horses. 1. 3 They were not turned to us-wtrd. 6 Strength much to be desired is in thee. Hero. wast active warring in the fields for cattle. I praise the Friend's gift. 5 Thine are we. to be invoked like Bhaga. the powerful tawny steeds of Marutasva. I ponder thus. With these subdue for us the men who hate us. abundantly bestowed for my adornment. Indra. Some hero come to us. As such my wishes have most lately grasped him. Indra: the Immortal dances forth his hero exploits.

the Avenger. 1. BOUNDLESS and wasting not. bright and active. nor stays with him who pours no juice though prospering well. 4 The Strong God doth not flee away from him whose sire. accepter of the prayer. with his Heroes. or. and his be powerful and bright dominion. 2 Indra. and wins the spoil. for our assistance bring that most effectual power of thine. INDRA. May the collected waters yield him plenty. that he might slay the monstrous beast. doth not flee from sin. Press out. Shaker. The mighty Maghavan who is the sage's Friend advanceth more and more his beauteous progeny. 8 When Indra Maghavan hath marked two wealthy men fighting for beauteous cows with all their followers. Maghavan. The Shaker conquers or slays in this way or that. . and to the pious gives a stable full of kine. whose mother or whose brother he hath done to death. Not even in wide stronghold may all the folk stand firm who have provoked to anger his surpassing might. as Arya leads away the Dasa at his will. He. 1. the source of riches. 3 Illustrious is the man whoever presseth out Soma for him in sunshine or in cloud and rain. doer of wondrous deeds. HYMN XXXV. and. tamer of every man. and. Came unto me. O Hero. Satri the type and standard of the pious. offer gifts with special zeal to him whom many laud. 9 Agni! I laud the liberal Agnivesi. with magnitude of riches. Indra the terrible. whatever aids be thine. HYMN XXXIV. 5 He seeks no enterprise with five or ten to aid. When Usana. sends the kine to him. Which conquers men for us. gave him the mighty weapon with a thousand points. 2 He who filled full his belly with the Soma's juice. hating him who pours not. as cows into the Rsi Samvarana's stall. four be they. seeketh this man's offered gifts: this God. was delighted with the meath's sweet draught. invincible in fight. three.10 And these commended horses. Indra. He who stirs all things takes one as his close ally. 7 He gathers up for plunder all the niggard’s gear: excellent wealth he gives to him who offers gifts. prospers him who pours. the heavenly food of Gods goes to the foeless One. make ready. Indra. by Dhvanya son of Laksmana presented. 6 Exceeding strong in war he stays the chariot wheel.

in battle. all joy in thee with hymns. thou art borne by thy two strong Bay Horses. and protect our car with thine intelligence. conquering. That bears its part in every fray. Shall not Puruvasu the singer give thee praise. 5 May the strong Heaven make thee the Strong wax stronger: Strong. 6 Maruts. Mightiest Vrtra-slayer. Loudly he lifts his voice with strong endeavour. 3 The aid most excellent of thee the Mightiest hitherward we call. Indra. Indra. Caster of the Stone my heart quakes like a rolling wheel for fear of penury. uphold us. give us riches: with thy right. 6 For. BEDEWED with holy oil and meetly worshipped. Even as a thirsty steer who roams the deserts may he drink eagerly the milked-out Soma. Let us press Soma out for Indra. be not reluctant. with mighty chariot. 1. With thy left hand. 1. foremost among many.Or those of the Five Tribes of men. folk Whose sacred grass is trimmed invite to battle where the spoil is won. 2 Lord of Bay Horses. rich in steeds. with the Strong. Caster of the Stone. Who. let all the people in obeisance bow down before this youthful Srutaratha. strong-willed. Lord of Bays. fair of cheek. O ever-prospering Maghavan. O Mightiest One. thunderarmed. Indra. may the Soma rise to thy cheeks and jaws like mountain-ridges. May we. For thou wast born with hero might. and mighty is the strength thou hast. the Swift One vies with Surya's beam in splendour. . fierce. In native power thy soul is firm: thy valour. 8 Come to us. and meditate our hymn at dawn. invincible and seeking spoil. mounted on thy car? 4 Like the press-stone is this thy praiser. HYMN XXXVII. 4 Mighty to prosper us wast thou born. 5 O Satakratu. Indra. O King. So. MAY Indra come to us. With all thy chariot's force assail the man who shows himself thy foe. obtain excellent fame at break of day. O Indra. do thou protect our car that mingles foremost in the fights. Indra. mighty. O Maghavan. gave me two dark red horses together with three hundred head of cattle. invoked of many! 3 Invoked of many. he who knows rightly to give forth treasures from his store of riches. as he who driveth coursers. 7 Indra. slays a host. HYMN XXXVI. Hero. May we. Lord of Strength. thee. Indra. bring quickly all that help to us. For him may mornings dawn without cessation who saith.

may we be guarded well. Friend of all men. Bring thou to us heroic strength: thou hast a man's regard for us. HYMN XXXIX. O thou Soma's Lord. that which is in heaven. 5 In thy protection. earth and heaven. 4 Singers with many songs have made Indra propitious to their fame. Hero. who with pressed Soma offers gifts to India. 1. to us. Stone-Darter! so to gain thee strength. Surya. COME thou to what the stones have pressed. ye rule.2 With kindled fire and strewn grass let him worship. the Atris raise their songs on high. invincible. thou possessest worthy of renown Is bruited as most widely famed. That bounty. he slays the foeman: Blest. it may be. HYMN XXXVIII. O Lord of Hundred Powers. O Vrtra-slayer. Indra. WIDE. 4 No troubles vex that King in whose home Indra drinks the sharp Soma juice with milk commingled. dear to Agni. sing with stones adjusted: And let the priest whose press-stones ring forth loudly. 1. 2 Bring what thou deemest worth the wish. Atri. 2 The food which. may we be guarded well. Soma-presser.Divinities. 3 Thy lofty spirit. Dear shall he be to Surya. Indra. cherishing that name. most liberal of your wealthy ones. Indra Satakratu. and his wheel make a thousand revolutions. the powers which readily obey thy will. So may we know thee as thou art. accepter of the prayer. far-renowned as fain to give and prompt to win. Indra. Treasure-Finder! bring filling both thy hands. he guards his people. to Indra must be sung the poet's word. and. spreads the bounty of thine ample grace: So. give us splendid wealth. HYMN XL. Lord of fair dominion. what wealth is richly given from thee. STONE-DARTING Indra. Him who is King of human kind.With this thou rendest e'en the firm. O Indra. Wondrous One. boundless in thy munificence. . with these aids of thine. 1. Mightiest Indra. Here may his car seek fame. Indra. both thou and they. 4 And from whatever power of thine. 3 This wife is coming near who loves her husband who carries to his home a vigorous consort. the Atris beautify their songs. 5 To him. here loudly thunder. With heroes he drives near. the hymn of praise. O Golden-hued! 3 O Darter of the Stone. go down with his oblation to the river. To him. to guard them. 5 May he support in peace and win in battle: he masters both the hosts that meet together. drink Soma.

him whom Svarbhanu of the brood Of Asuras had pierced with gloom. is your pious servant to give you gifts from earth or mighty heaven? Preserve us in the seat of holy Order. with the wind's flight swiftest of those who travel: Or also to the Asura of heaven. 5 O Surya. 9 The Atris found the Sun again. Strong One with the Strong. Asvins. with various aids. he whose priest is Kanva. Strong One with the Strong. when the Asura's descendant Svarbhanu. and the Maruts. Vrtraslayer. O Atri. the sender of true blessings: thou and King Varuna be both my helpers. 2 May Mitra. 3 You will I call to feed the car-horse. HYMN XLI. Indra. Thunderer. Visvedevas 1. may Indra gladden him at the noon libation. strong is this Soma that is pressed. with the Strong. and give the offerer power that winneth cattle. as they whose steeds are fleetest seek the contest. Trta with Dyaus accordant. All-feeding Pusan. through anger swallow me up.Indra best Vrtra-slayer Strong One. This none besides had power to do. Vata. 7 Let not the oppressor with this dread. May he come hither with his yoked Bay Horses. Strong. and Ayu. Mitra-Varuna. 3 As strong I call on thee the Strong. potent. 4 Impetuous. Worshipful. Aryaman. love us. Indra. Varuna. 8 The Brahman Atri. 4 The heavenly Victor. WHO. Bhaga sought the oblation. O Thunder-armed. Agni. bring a hymn as 'twere libation. for I am thine. Indra Rbhuksan. best Vrtra-slayer. 5 Bring ye your riches forward borne on horses: let thought be framed for . best Vrtra-slayer. 2 Strong is the stone. as he set the press-stones. Soma-drinker. And they who of one mind with bounteous Rudra accept the hymn and laud with adorations. Mitra art thou. Established in the heaven the eye of Surya. serving the Gods with praise and adoration. and caused Svarbhanu's magic arts to vanish. quelling the mighty. All creatures looked like one who is bewildered. King. who knoweth not the place where he is standing. pierced thee through and through with darkness. O Indra. By his fourth sacred prayer Atri disoovered Surya concealed in gloom that stayed his function. the draught is strong. 6 What time thou smotest down Svarbhanu's magic that spread itself beneath the sky.

straight-handed. who speeds throuih cloudy heaven: And may the Waters. for offspring. with songs distinguishing Heaven's mighty Daughters. 6 Bring hither him who yokes the car. 10 Trta praised him.help and gain of treasure. even they. we will proclaim it. with pure songs him the Offspring of the Waters. the nourishers of heroes bringing you gifts. ye Wonderful. 9 Ours be the Parvatas. hear us. the Waters. 7 I speed to you with powers that should be honoured. the Maruts far-renowned in invocation? Let not the Dragon of the Deep annoy us. and gladly may he welcome our . as 'twere all-knowing: these bring the sacrifice unto the mortal. 11 How shall we speak to the great might of Rudra? How speak to Bhaga who takes thought for riches? May Plants. and the Sky preserve us. Blest he the priest of Ausija through courses. the God and Singer. Even strong birds descend not to the mortal who strives to reach them with swift blow and weapons. Vastospati and TvastarRich Dhisana accords through our obeisance . for the swift gain of riches. ye Mighty Ones receiving choice meed. with might neighs loudly like a charger: he of the flaming hair destroys the forests. the courses which are yours the fleet. with the princes. your Vayu. the Two. 16 How may we serve the Liberal Ones with worship. noble and prudent. bright like castles. 14 Celestial and terrestrial generations. Morning and Night. the Maruts swift of course in invocation. And. strengthen our word for ever and be near us. exalted. praying and devout. O Maruts. 15 Duly to each one hath my laud been offered. 12 May the swift Wanderer. May holy Aptya. germ of the earthly hero. Agn. who praises with his songs. striving forward. may the Gods' Spouses in their thoughts retain us. Strong be Varutri with her powers to succour. who are Heroes like the Vasus. free-moving. Lord of refreshments listen to our songs. and Waters will I summon to the feasting. 13 We know your ways. Friend of man. as they flow onward from the cloven mountain. May days with bright dawns cause my songs to prosper. 8 You I extol. and Woods and Mountains with their trees for tresses. May the great Mother Rasa here befriend us. and may the conquered streams increase their waters.andTrees and Plants.

none of these days hath reached thy hero prowess. Here he wins wholesome food to feed this body: as for mine old age. nor later. None of old times. comes with abundant wealth to his invoker. O ye Gods. 2 May Aditi welcome. 7 Praise him the Chief who gives the boon of riches. vouchsafe us cattle. 19 May Ila. Nirrti consume it 18 O Gods. hear. bliss-giving Asura. Now may our sweetest song with deep devotion reach Varuna.addresses. 8 Tended. the gracious Goddes. give us the holy Deities' lovingkindness. Indra. with thy protections. come speeding nigh to us for our well-being. 1. 17 Thus thinking. The prayer they love. dwelling in oblations. Brhaspati. 20 Visit us while she shares Urjavya's food. Lord of Bays! and pious patrons. strengthening food through the Cow's praise. HYMN XLII. and they who conquer Vrtra's treasures. May Urvasi in lofty heaven accepting. as she partakes the oblation of the living. the Sagest of the Sages. and Bhaga. . and resplendent treasures. with the sacred prayer by Gods appointed. the undecaying unrivalled Victor whom the Maruts follow. and Urvasi with all the streams accept us. ye Vasus. Brhaspati distributor of treasures. God-appointed. even as a mother her dear heart-gladdening son. Mother of the herds of cattle. 5 God Bhaga. my song that lauds her. the Mighty and Immortal Ones. with sacrificial oil and meath bedew him So then let him. Indra. And Vaja and Rbhuksan and Purandhi. Mitra. God Savitar. prosperity. Who. 3 In spirit him. O Maghavan. And. the princes are unharmed and girt by heroes. 4 With willing mind. Aditi. May the Five Priests' Lord. your favour. I offer unto Varuna and Mitra. blessing most the man who sings and praises. whose paths are open. May she who gives good gifts. may we obtain from you this favour. provide us excellent. the mortal wins you to give him increase of his herds of cattle: the mortal wins him. ready. protect us! 6 Let us declare his deeds. O ye Gods. s. Savitar who deals forth riches. Visvedevas. bliss-giving.

and Raka. in fond love laying each varied form within his Daughter's bosom. even now. I offer to the Great. rich in clouds and waters with his lightning speeds forth bedewing both the earth and heaven. 1. through our hymns enjoying their riches. prospering in their vocation. Sarasvati. 12 May the House-friends. . Who made for us this All. for sake of strength. who at the feasts of Gods regards the demons. 11 Praise him whose bow is strong and sure his arrow. 2 With reverence and fair praise will I bring hither. the godless. May every Deity be swift to listen. The Singer. 17 Gods. those who are youths in act. 15 May this my laud attain the troop of Maruts. may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. Far from the sun keep those who hate devotion. with salutations. 9 Make their wealth flee who. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. O Singer. the cunning-handed Artists. the streams carved out by Vibhvan. lauding. may the Steer's Wives. The wish calls me to riches and well-being: praise the unwearied Ones whose steeds are dappled. and all felicity and joy. Immortals! HYMN XLIII. and forest trees and plants to win me riches. 10 With wheelless chariots drive down him. thought that now springs within me. who blames his sacred rite who toils to serve you. Worship thou Rudra for his great good favour: adore the Asura. for ample riches. the Seven Mighty Ones who bring enjoyment. Bring riches hither unto us. God. 18 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. calls. O Maruts. MAY the Milch-cows who hasten to their object come harmless unto us with liquid sweetness. 13 My newest song. Visvedevas. exhaustless Earth and Heaven. attain Idaspati who roars and thunders. May he. him who is Lord of every balm that bealeth. the Sure Protector. and heroes. 14 Now. And may the fair Ones honour and befriend us. though bathed in sweat. Brhaddiva. form empty wishes. the Sons of Rudra. yield us not an ample guerdon. may thy fair praise. and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. 16 May this my laud reach earth and air's mid-region.Wealth that brings bliss is found among the givers of horses and of cattle and of raiment. Who.

all to the songs and praises of the singer! 11 From high heaven may Sarasvati the Holy visit our sacrifice. 8 Hither. Agni. far-famed. lators-and the ten fingers set and fix the press-stone. set within the dwelling. invoked. worshipped with our gifts and homage. Eager. so on the fire is set the sacred caldron. The stalk hath poured. jatavedas the Maruts all under their names and figures. at need. as herald to invite the Asvins. Come to the sacrifice with aid all Maruts. Exalted. 5 The Soma hath been pressed for thee. the allresplendent. the red. the great Aramati. Invoked. accordant. Celestial Lady. Dweller with Dames divine. who knoweth holy Law. in every fight protect us. make the sweet libations ready. and bring the beautiful bright juice to Vayu. the Disposer. . come hither. high in heaven. be thou the first to drink it: we give thee of the mead to make thee joyful. its lover. and of themselves give power as a possession. 9 I have declared this speech of adoration to mightiest Pusan and victorious Vayu. propitious. Him let us worship. 7 As on his father's lap the son. 12 Set in his seat the God whose back is dusky. sweetof speech. 4 Two arms-the Soma's dexterous immo. with all his favours. 6 Bring by God-traversed paths. 10 Invoked by us bring hither. Which holy singers deck. as our Priest. the darling. God. fair with its spreading branches. unwearied. most sweet and pleasant! Come in one car. thy two well-trained and dear Bay Horses. O Indra. as if extending and heating that which holds the fatty membrane. come hither. like the bolt binding pole and nave. Brhaspati the lofty. may they. the Bounteous One. 13 May the Sustainer. to give thee power and might and high enjoyment. our invocation. Who by their bounty are the hymns' inspirers. the life-bestower. may the balmy Goddess hear our effectual speech. with plants. the mead's bright glittering juice that dwells on mountains.Father and Mother. the Steer with triple horn. joy-givers! to the banquet. to drink sweet Soma. and from the mountain. come the great lofty song. turn hither in thy car. 3 Adhvaryus. fairhanded. the golden-hued.

With reins easily guided and commanding all. great vital power is thine. lively at sacrifice. not to be deceived. as all were wont. 5 Thou. Bring riches hither unto us. sung forth by Rsis in these hymns of ours. as now. may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. and heroes. Immortals! HYMN XLIV. with a Spouse. which to his sheen who is beneath show fair in light. self-excellent. 8 Thy name. 17 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. and all felicity and joy. 2 Shining to him who leaves heaven's regions undisturbed. 7 Surya the Sage. 16 Gods. goes to the loftier One with this swift mover's light. They with effectual splendour in the floods have made Earth yield us room enough and amply wide extent. who findeth light. 15 Agni. Shinest. 6 Like as he is beheld such is he said to be. Most Wise! Far from deceits thy name dwelleth in holy Law. May he. this vic tory. May every Deity be swift to listen. As in the first old times. with store of hero sons. swift. As living men. By skill he wins the boon whereon his heart is set: he who bestirs himself shall bring the thing to pass. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. 4 These come. Good guardian art thou. . conquering in the' plants wherein he waxeth strong. to you for furtherance in the rite: down come the twinborn strengtheners of Law for him. true Singer! mid the upholders of the voice. 1. as if unwedded. the mighty: pairs waxing old in their devotion seek thee. snatching with trees the branching plant that grasps the juice. the undecaying Youth set in the midst of plants. in battle-loving spirit moveth o'er the foes. Visvedevas. a house that wards the fierce heat off on every side. In the deep fall the hide stealeth away their names.bringing Priest: The Mighty Child who glides along the sacred grass. moving beauteously in visibly pregnant ones. 3 Truth waits upon oblation present and to come: naught checks him in his way. grant us a sheltering home. well-yoked. The Princedom throned on holy grass. he draweth forth the power turned hitherward with song.14 The tuneful eloquent priests of him who liveth have sought the Mother's bright and loftiest station. Increase thy Consorts thou. with offered gifts and homage they deck the most auspicious Child to clothe him. great might invincible.

joined with you. producer and uplifter of all holy thoughts. to him saith this Soma. The milch-cow brought. know when thy time to halt and drink thy fill is near. BARDS of approaching Dawn who know the heavens are come with hymns to throw the mountain open. For verily sages. worship the Maruts and with lauds invite them. 11 The sacred hymns love him who wakes and watches: to him who watches come the Sama verses. 13 The worshipper's defender is Sutambhara. of Yajata. Tarya. from the stable. Sama verses seek him. The heart of him who praiseth trembleth not in fear there where the hymn is found connected with the pure. The worshippers were worn with constant serving. HYMN XLV. To streams that flow with biting waves to deserts. 2 Surya hath spread his light as splendour: hither came the Cows' Mother. 15 Agni is watchful. and Evavada. Agni is watchful. 3 This laud hath won the burden of the mountain. not he who sleeps. Who speaks the bidding text knows this. conscious. 4 With hymns and God-loved words will I invoke you. hath the God thrown open. Srutavit. With Avatsara's sweet songs will we strive to win the mightiest strength which even he who knows should gain. too. 11 The Hawk is their full source. They ever seek a fresh draught so that they may come. of Mayin. He gains his wish in both the worlds and brightly shines-when he adores the host with well-advancing steeds. 12 Sadaprna the holy. and Yajata. to obtain your favour. girth-stretching rapturous drink of Visvavara. 10 For it is he: with though to of Ksatra. 1. To aid the ancient birth of mighty waters The mountain parted. Heaven performed his office. I rest and have my dwelling in thy friendship. Manasa. and the gcas love him. This Soma saith unto the man who watches. . sweet-flavoured milk was dealt around. I rest and have my dwelling in thy friendship. nor doth libation fail wherein it is prolonged. Visvedevas. The Sun hath risen and oped the stable portals: the doors of men. Agni is watchful. skilled in sacrificing.9 The chief and best of these abideth in the sea. and heaven is stablished like a firm-set pillar. have slain the foes. and Sadhri. and Bahuvrkta. Indra and Agni.

and haste to meet the man who sacrifices. Rudra.-Sarama found the kine by Order's pathway. and Soma granter of possessions give us joy. Pusan. WELL knowing I have bound me. wherewith the wandering merchant gained heaven's water. the purpose wherewith the Mother threw the Cow's stall open. lightwinning. Mitra. heavenly Matrons. Down on the Soma swooped the rapid Falcon. Indra. Maruts. That wherewith Manu conquered Visisipra. HYMN XLVI. Sarasvati. 4 May Visnu also and Vata who injures none. Samsa. 8 When at the dawning of this mighty Goddess. urged by hands. 11 I lay upon the Floods your hymn. the Leader. May both Nasatyas. Varuna. no turning back therefrom. and Bhaga. Sky. Bhaga. 6 Come. Visnu I call. Angirases all sang forth with the cattle. Tvastar and Vibhvan remember us so that we may have wealth. I seek for no release. O ye Gods.Their spring is in the loftiest place of meeting. 2 O Agni. Through this our hymn may we have Gods to guard us: through this our hymn pass safe beyond affliction. Bright was the young Sage moving mid his cattle. and Earth and Heaven. Pusan. and Mitra. O friends. to the pole: I carry that which bears as on and gives us help.5 This day approach us: may our thoughts be holy. horselike. accept us. Sarama went aright and found the cattle. give. . Varuna. guide me straight. Savitar that they may help. 10 Surya hath mounted to the shining ocean when he hath yoked his fairbacked Tawny Horses. far from us let us cast away misfortune. and Visnu. And may the Rbhus and the Asvins. 1. Angiras gave effect to all their labours. Visvedevas. loudly hath rung the press-stone wherewith Navagvas through ten months sang praises. Let us keep those who hate us at a distance. let us carry out. and Marut host. 9 Borne by his Coursers Seven may Surya visit the field that spreadeth wide for his long journey. and Brahmanaspati. 3 Indra and Agni. The wise have drawn him like a ship through water: the floods obedient have descended hither. 7 Here. wherewith Navagvas their ten months completed. Aditi. the Waters. May he who knows the way. Mountains.

Rejoicing. Grant us protection. ye who are on the earth or in the waters' realm. closely-united. O Varuna and Mitra may this be health and force to us. May Bhaga the Dispenser come with power and grace. 4 Four bear him up and give him rest and quiet. twins. Asvini. On every side about the earth and heaven go forth the spacious paths without a limit. and Indrani. the holy. here made apparent. come to us to sit on sacred grass. URGING to toil and making proclamation. 7 May the Gods' Spouses aid us of their own freewill. Agnayi. his Spouses move on paths or heaven to meet him. wives of Gods. O Agni. 3 Steer. 6 For him they lenghten prayers and acts of worship: the Mothers weave garments for him their offspring. 1. Rat. O ye gracious Goddesses. May Rodasi and Varunani hear us. the youthful Hymn. of threefold nature. 2 Swift in their motion. and Goddesses come at the Matrons' season. he hath gone forth and guards mid-air's two limits. the lofty habitation! . unto the Fathers. Aryaman guard and shelter us. Varuna. Brhaspati and Pusan grant us sure defence. and the fair-gleaming Rivers keep us safe from harm. HYMN XLVII. aid us to offspring and the winning of the spoil. Visvedevas. O people. 5 Wondrous. inviting to her home and loudly calling. he hath entered the dwelling-place of the Primeval Father. Red Bird with strong wings. Two support him. and far-pervading Aditi listen to my call. and ten invigorate the Babe for travel. His kine most excellent. for the Steer's impregning contact. Sea. hasting to their duty. reaching the central point of life immortal. May we obtain firm ground and room for resting: Glory to Heaven. seeking Heaven's Daughter comes the Mighty Mother: She comes. is the mystic knowledge that while the waters stand the streams are flowing: That. 6 And may the Mountains famed in noble eulogies. 8 May the Dames. Mitra. A gay-hued Stone set in the midst of heaven. 7 Be this our praise.5 So may the band of Maruts dwelling in the sky. pass swiftly round the boundaries of heaven. separate from his Mother. enjoy our presents.

the others pass away: the pious lengthens life with those that are before.HYMN XLVIII. may we he lords of wealth and rich possessions. 1. 5 They who devote such worship to the Vasus. THIS day I bring God Savitar to meet you. Even he whose hundred wander in his own abode. Agni produce auspicious days. Naught by our human nature do we know of him. Varuna. with their course reversed. Bhaga. invite them. 1. mighty in native strength and glorious in itself. the sacrifice's priest. far off be danger. WHAT may we meditate for the beloved Power. or Aditi: his garb is splendour. urging on the pious to his task. 4 Sending the shelter which we ask. and Bhaga who allots the wealth of mortals. daily seeking your friendship fain would I turn hither. Visvedevas. 2 Knowing full well the Asura's time of coming. worship God Savitar with hymns and praises. driving the days afar and bringing them again. What time he gives the man who calls on him in fight wealth like a dwellinghouse filled full with store of food. Vouchsafe them ample room. HYMN L. Let him who rightly knoweth speak with homage to him who dealeth out man's noblest treasure. 5 Four-faced and nobly clad. the WonderWorkers. Visvedevas. You. to enjoy the beauty of his form. Through grace of Heaven and Earth may we be happy. Mitra. Varuna. Back. Visvedevas. 3 Not for reward doth Pusan send his blessings. 3 With pressing-stones and with the bright beams of the day he hurls his broadest bolt against the Guileful One. Which as a magic energy seeking waters spreads even to theimmeasurable middle region's cloud? 2 O'er all the region with their uniform advance these have spread out the lore that giveth heroes strength. . him from whom Bhaga Savitar bestows the boon. HYMN XLIX. Heroes rich in treasures. the foeless Savitar and the Rivers shall approach us. Visniu. May Indra. stirs himself with the tongue. Asvins. behold that rapid rush of his as 'twere an axe's edge. singing their hymns to Varuna and Mitra. 4 I. When I.

7 For Indra and for Vayu pressed are Soma juices blent with curd. Varuna. 2 These. 14 Prosper us. 2 Come to the sacrifice. by the mortar pressed. With Gods unto our sacred gifts. wellpleased unto our sacred gifts: Drink of the Soma juice effused come to the food. . 3 So further honour as our guests the Hero Gods and then the Dames. Agni as erst with Atri. As such may we attain to wealth and wait with services on thee. with heroes in his home. 3 O Singer. spotless Pair come to the food. prosper us. this Soma. so enjoy the juice. are thine. Vayu. Visnu. Is now poured forth to fill the jar.1. Each one solicits him for wealth and seeks renown to prosper him. HYMN LI. come. come. 10 Associate with Vasus. Agni. 12 Let us solicit Vayu for prosperity. God of all men. As rivers to the lowland flow: come to the food. May the Adityas bring us health and happiness. come. like constant streams. Indra. friendly to man. Leader God! that rule the car. Visvedevas. Agni. come hither to drink the Soma-juice. 6 Ye. 5 Vayu. well deserve to drink the juices pressed by us. 4 To Indra and to Vayu dear. May Rudra bless and keep us from calamity. and swiftly runs the victim dwelling in the trough. For weal Brhaspati with all his company. come hither to the feast. this day be with us for our weal. may Agni the beneficent. with Mitra. and Goddess Adid and he whom none resist. this ponder as we praise the God. Yea. 9 Associate with Varuna. be blest to us. with the Asvins and with Dawn. Agni. so enjoy the juice. 11 May Bhaga and the Asvins grant us health and wealth. as erstwith Atri. for our good. And drink the draught with Agni's tongue. Indra. This will we ponder praising strength. O ye whose ways are right. 8 Associate with all the Gods. Viyu. blest to us for wealth and weal. O wealthy Pathya. so enjoy the juice. and Heaven and Earth most wise vouchsafe us happiness. The Asura Pusan grant us all prosperity. He wins. with those who move at dawn. 13 May all the Gods. WITH all assistants. Help us the Rbhus. and Soma who is Lord of all the world for weal. O Gracious. 5 May these thy riches. whose laws are true. and these here ready to speak after us. the Divine Ones. leading God. with the singers. Come to the Soma-draught with Gods. Soma. 4 Where fire is set. Gladly accept them. 1. Mitra. LET every mortal man elect the friendship of the guiding God. with Adityas. May he remove and keep afar our foes and all who block our path. as erst with Atri.

15 Like Sun and Moon may we pursue in full prosperity our path. have singly given me hundred gifts. Maruts. as their wont is. Who. on Parusni they have clothed themselves in robes of wool. Behold. 16 Princes. 3 Like steers in rapid motion they advance and overtake the nights. they. They in their course. What are they unto me? No thieves. declared their Sire. Holy Ones of heaven. with the Maruts who are loud in song. through ages of mankind. as with the escort of the Gods. 2 For in their boldness they are friends of firm and sure heroic strength. And the impetuous Rudra they. 17 The mighty ones. to the gifts. bold-spirited. Sages and Orderers are they. when I asked their kin. -who knows us well and slays us not. Or in the rivers' compass. or in the abode of ample heaven. HYMN LII Maruts. prosper us. Under these names the spreading band tend well the sacrifice for me. After these Maruts followed close. Syavasva. 12 Hymn-singing. like laughing lightning from the sky. as a maid her friend. SING boldly forth. have danced about the spring. The Heroes. Rsi. splendid to behold. O Aditi. the Mighty Ones. or who lived in the Maruts' favour in the . Heroes with full and perfect strength To Maruts. hasting. and make them happy with thy song. Who knows the birth of these. And with the splendid Princes. holy. And thus the Maruts' power in heaven and on the earth we celebrate. with lightnings for their spears. guard all men of their own accord. guard mortal man from injury. who. 1. the valorous and truly strong. 13 Sublime. of the earth. givers of good gifts. seeking water. 15 Thinking of these now let him come. invite the Marut band with offerings. 1. 4 With boldness to your Maruts let us offer laud and sacrifice: Who all. From heaven. And meet with one who gives again. by themselves have yoked their deer for victory. too. And with their chariot tires they cleave the rock asunder in their might. 6 The lofty Heroes cast their spears and weapons bright with gleaming gold. named Prsni as their Mother-cow. 11 To this the Heroes well attend. they who are in the wide mid-air. prosper us thou. HYMN LIII. but helpers. famed for rapid courses. 8 Praise thou the Maruts' company. 7 They who waxed mighty. praising. will I extol the sacrifice. 14 Rsi. Bold Ones. I have obtained on Yamuna famed wealth in kine and wealth in steeds. in your might haste hither glorified with songs. a splendour of its own accord. the seven times seven.Indra and Agni. well do their teams attend to this. joy in glory that is free from guile. 5 Praiseworthy. 10 Whether as wanderers from the way or speeders on or to the path. Visible are their varied forms. 9 Fair-gleaming. adore that Marut host. they are Paravatas.

6 Munificent Heroes. and rainfloods flow o'er desert spots. 14 May we in safety pass by those who slander us. and with wreaths. rain waters down and balm.days of old What time their spotted deer were yoked? 2 Who. 15 Favoured by Gods shall he the man. O Heroes. 7 The bursting streams m billowy flood have spread abroad. from mid-air. leaving behind disgrace and hate. the company of Maruts. Maruts. at dawn. 9 So let not Rasa. Heroes free from spot or stain: Behold us here and praise thou us. Let not the watery Sarayti obstruct your way. with breastplates. come from heaven. 4 Who shine self-luminous with ornaments and swords. Krumu. 10 That brilliant gathering of your cars. o'er the firmament. and band by band. . Like swift steeds hasting to their journey's resting-place. to every side run glittering brooks. have sped The Maruts on this course to-day? 13 Vouchsafe to us the bounty. troop by troop. armlets. hath heard them tell the way they went? Who was the bounteous man to whom their kindred rains flowed down with food of sacrifice? 3 To me they told it. O Maruts. and bliss that reacheth to all life. when they stood upon their cars. attend. and they came with winged steeds radiant to the draught. Like splendours coming through the rain. of the Youthful Ones. With us be all the bliss ye give. speeding on. sprung of noble ancestry. they have cast heaven's treasury down for the worshipper's behoof: They set the storm-cloud free tostream through both the worlds. 11 With eulogies and hymns may we follow your army. Ye give the seed of corn that wasteth not away. 12 To what oblation-giver. like milch-kine. ye Maruts. or Anitabha. with delight I look upon your cars. for child and progeny. may we be there when ye. that which we implore. Kubha. 8 Hither. 5 O swift to pour your bounties down. through which. Marutr! and possessed of noble sons. And company by company. Youths. in rest and toil. The rain-showers. Arrayed on chariots and with bows. or Sindhu hold you back. or from near at hand Tarry not far away from us.

whether he be prince or Rsi. When over the broad fields ye drive along like ships. Maruts. ye take delight. Such may we be. his resources. When in your course like deer with splendour unsubdued ye bowed the hill that gives imperishable rain. laden with their water-casks. O bounteous radiant Maruts. At this liberal patron's rite they joy like cattle in the mead. precipitous the mountains with their running streams. 6 Bright shone your host. 9 Free for the Maruts is the earth with sloping ways. who stay the heat. Casters of the Stone. as the Sun hath risen up. violent and exceeding strong. who sacrifice on heights of heaven. never waste away. 7 Never is he. overthrowers of the bills. never doth he decay ne'er is distressed or harmed. and when impetuous' they roar they inundate the earth with floods of pleasant meath. as the eye guides him who walks.their way. O Maruts. So call thou unto them who come as ancient Friends: hymn those who love thee with a song. free for the rushing Ones is heaven with steep descents. Oft through desire to rain coming with storm of hail. mighty Rudras. shakers of all. Your coursers weary not when speeding on. whom. when ye smote the waving tree as when the worm consumeth it. Accordant. but are not harmed.Whom ye protect. e'en to strongholds ye come. slain or overcome. have ye led our devotion onward by an easy path. 16 Praise the Free-givers. Heroes. Trita roars out at him who aims the lightning-flash. through the nights and through the days. 4 When. 5 Maruts. THIS hymn will I make for the Marut host who bright in native splendour cast the mountains down. Sing the great strength of those illustrious in renown. 1. when through the sky and realms of air. 2 O Maruts. Let the spring flow. that wander far. strengtheners of life are your strong bands with harnessed steeds. Heroes of the sky. the friendly Maruts. Maruts. 8 With harnessed team like heroes overcoming troops. 10 When. wind-rapid Maruts. The waters sweeping round are thundering on their way. this hero strength and majesty of yours hath. rich in water. like the Sun. 3 They gleam with lightning. roaring in onset. ye Sages. The paths of air's mid-region are precipitous. His treasures. Maruts. extended o'er a lengthened way. HYMN LIV. ye direct. and rapidly ye reach .

O Maruts. 1. Maruts. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. Accept. and fraught with vaporous moisture pour the torrents down. born together. graciously this hymn of mine that we may live a hundred winters through its power. and ye bestow a king who quickly listens. WITH gleaming lances. ye disperse all enemies abroad. may we be the drivers of the car of riches ful I of life that have been given by you. The Pious Ones send forth a far-resounding shout. hold high power of life. for its shining fruit. O Maruts. 6 When to your car-poles ye have yoked your spotted deer to be your steeds. Never. and visors wroughtof gold are laid upon your heads. from the Ocean ye uplift the rain.the end of this your path. 13 Sage Maruts. 14 Maruts. anklets on your feet. 15 Of you. on your car. the Maruts. sight to be longed for like the shining of the Sun. Their cars moved onward as they . 12 Maruts. as ye wist. your mightiness deserves to be adored. 5 O Maruts. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. They with their strength have even measured out the sky. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. 3 Strong. ye further wealth with longedfor heroes. rushing onward. ye Wonder-Workers. O Maruts. let that wealth in thousands dwell with us which never vanishes like Tisya from the sky. They gathered when they let their deeds of might flash forth. 4 Maruts. They hasten with swift steeds easy to be controlled. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. Lightnings aglow with flame are flashing in your hands. are your Milch-kine dry. further the Rsi skilled in chanted verses. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. So lead us with your aid to immortality. have gained of your own selves your power: high. most swift to succour! I solicit wealth wherewith we may spread forth mid men like as the Sun. splendid beyond conception. and wide ye shine abroad. 2 Ye. they together have waxed great: the Heroes more and more have grown to majesty Resplendent as the Sun's beams in their light are they. gold chains are on your breasts. and put your golden mantles on. HYMN LV. a charger. Maruts. Ye give the Bharata as his strength. with their breasts adorned with gold. 11 Lances are on your shoulders. gems. in eager stir ye shake the vault of heaven. O ye Mighty Ones.

Let him not cause delay. yoke the red coursers to your car. slay us not extend ye unto us shelter of many a sort. The people of the Maruts. yet exultant. what is chanted forth. 2 Even as thou thinkest in thy heart. the gifts we bring you. Maruts. is youi rush terrible as a dreadful bull. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. adorable. we invoke. Pay due regard unto our friendship and our praise. and this loudly-neighing bright red vigorous horse who hath been sutioned. struck down and shaken. 8 The Maruts' chariot. O Maruts.went to victory. Unequalled. the best at drawing. AGNI. what of recent time. like a herd of kine. Accept. 9 I call that brilliant band of yours. Bind to the pole. fair to see. They who take cognizance of all of this are ye. thither my wishes also tend. shows glorious with . grown up together in their strength. Vasus. HYMN LVI. go. Maruts. strengthen them fearful to behold. shake the rocky mountain as they race along. ye Maruts. O Maruts. when lauded. 9 Be gracious unto us.. urge ye him onward in your cars. 4 They who with mighty strength o'erthrow like oxen difficult to yoke. I call down to-day even from the luminous realm of heaven. Whate'er is ancient. Ye compass round about even the heaven and earth. that valorous company adorned with ornaments of gold. Those who have come most near to thine invoking calls. rapid on the car Whereon the bounteous Dame. Impetuous as a bear. 3 Earth. like a bounteous lady. to the pole. to draw. lead us on to higher fortune deliver us. 6 Bind to your car the bright red mares. 10 O Maruts. 5 Rise up! even now with lauds I call the very numerous company. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. ye Holy Ones. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. Which Rodasi hath mounted. bringing pleasant gifts. from afflictions. Cause e'en the heavenly stone to shake ' yea. Maruts. comes to us. in your course. the fleet-foot tawny steeds. of these Maruts. May we be masters of abundant riches. auspicious. nobly born. 7 Neither the mountains nor the rivers keep you back: whither ye have resolved thither ye. with Maruts in her company.. 7 Yea. 1. liberal of her gifts. ever fain to gather glory. whate'er is spoken.

with Indra. grown mighty. Bold thoughts are in your heads. your weapons in your cars. heavenly springs. Maruts. and radiant in themselves. unmeasured in their greatness. Who ride impetuous on with rapid horses. full of wisdom. Ye make the earth to tremble. Sons of Prsni. HYMN LVIII. Good horses and good cars have ye. 2 Armed with your daggers. Maruts.the Marut host. HYMN LVII. Maruts. bountiful. An offering from us. OF one accord. armed with arrows. be gracious unto us. 4 Bright with the blasts of wind. rich in drops. 6 Borne on both shoulders. fierce Ones! your spotted deer. with good bows. come borne on your golden car for our prosperity. all glorious majesty is moulded on your forms. 1. Now do I glorify their mighty cohort. with good weapons go to victory. 2 The mighty glittering band. Ye hearers of the truth.-these. this hymn is brought to you. Heroes. bright in their aspect. 3 From hills and heaven ye shake wealth for the worshipper: in terror at your coming low the woods bow down. in cars and heroes. O ye Maruts. 7 Vouchsafe to us. dwelling on the lofty mountains. wrapped in their robes of rain. are your spears: within your arms is laid your energy and 3trength. O ye Rudras. 3 This day may all your water-bringers. O Prsni's Sons: ye. The Maruts. armed with spears. the Singers of the sky have won immortal fame. ye rich in treasures. Noble by birth. give us high distinction: may I enjoy your Godlike help and favour. armed with your quivers. like twins of noble aspect and of lovely form. O Maruts. 8 Ho! Maruts. immortal. skilled in Law. ye sage and youthful. are Lords of Amrta. splendid bounty in cattle and in steeds. adorned with gold upon their breasts. yielding bounties that endure. ever-roaring. with steeds tawnyhued and red. strong in their mightiness and spreading wide like heaven. Maruts. when for victory ye have yoked. venerate thou singer. munificent. 5 Rich in adornment. Children of Rudra. the company of these the youthful Maruts. 1. liberal Heroes. With magical powers. as. unto one who th irsts for water. arm-bound with bracelets. givers of bliss. spotless. they who impel the falling .

like days. 6 When ye have hastened on with spotted coursers. 4 Who. I sing to Heaven and Earth and offer sacrifice. and for your glory show like bridegrooms. these Sons of Rudra. lets the water in. They to the pole have yoked the winds for coursers: their sweat have they made rain. 4 Ye raise up for the folk an active ruler whom. let it find favour with you. Ye hearers of the truth. Highest and mightiest are the Sons of Prsni. dwelling on the lofty mountains. immortal. the woods are shattered. Ye send the fighter hand to hand. like a full ship which. ye rich in treasures. Like vigorous horses ye are beauteous to behold. Marked on their ways are they. This fire. 8 Ho! Maruts. scions of one race. 3 As the exalted horn of bulls for splendid might. 1. The waters are disturbed.rain. quivering. The Heroes have waxed strong like we. HYMN LIX. Holy Ones! a Master's hand hath fashioned. . 2 Earth shakes and reels in terror at their onward rush. verily. O Maruts. make earth tremble like a ray of light what time ye bring your boons to give prosperity. no middlomost. visible from afar: the Heroes press between in mighty armament. 6 Having no eldest and no youngest in their band. O ye Men. approach us. who may reach your manly deeds? Ye. ye sage and youthful. 5 Like steeds of ruddy colour. They bathe their steeds and hasten through the firmament: they spread abroad their radiance through the sea of cloud. youthful Sages. Maruts. and the brave hero. as the Sun's eye set in the firmament's expanse. strong in their glories. with floods of rain they make the Sun's eye fade away. Heroes. as foremost champions they have battled in the van. hath been duly kindled. armmighty. may attain the mighty lore of you the mighty. O ye Maruts. 7 Even Earth hath spread herself wide at their coming. be gracious unto us. YOUR spy hath called to you to give prosperity. 5 They spring forth more and more. like spokes where none are last in order. grown mighty. Maruts with good horses. on your cars with strong-wrought fellies. and they as husbands have with power impregned her. O Maruts. skilled in Law. Firm to their own intention cling the Maruts. Let Dyaus the Red Steer send his thunder downward.1grown manly youths.

gathered in troop. 7 O Maruts. and rush along together like the waters. 8 May Dyaus. I LAUD with reverence the gracious Agni: here may he sit and part our meed among us. 8 O Agni. rejoicing. even the mountain. these Maruts. and Prsni pouring much milk. O Rsi. O ye Rudras.preeminent they have waxed in might. who have mounted their famous spotted deer and cars swift-moving. HYMN LX. as Gods and mortals know. the Rudras. praise-song. young and deft. sons of wealthy houses. notice the sacrificial food we offer. like young suitors. ye be dwelling in highest. midmost. the lordly Ones. none among them youngest. 1. have sent down the heavenly treasure. the mountain is affrighted. rejoicing drink the Soma juice. O blessed Maruts. The steeds who carry them. ye are sporting. have caused the waters of the mounuains to desGend. 6 Whether. 2 The Maruts. Agni. sprung of noble ancestry: come hitberward to us. or in lowest heaven. fierce Ones! woods bow down in terror: Earth. slayers of the foe. Strong on their cars. 4 They. Lords of all. These Sons of Prsni. for glory. Lauded by thee. roar for our banquet: may Dawns toil for us. ye bridegrooms of the sky. the Infinite. . yea. 7 Like birds of air they flew with might in lengthened lines from heaven's high ridges to the borders of the sky. with the Maruts as they gleam and sing. Thence. and thou also. Maruts. With these the living ones who cleanse and further all. have with their golden natures decked their bodies. give riches to the Soma-pressing worshipper. Sons o Rudra. trembles at your coming. glittering with moisture. O Vaisvanara. Shakers of all. armed with lances. have set their splendours on their forms for ever. from of old. when Agni and when ye drive downward from sublimest heaven along the heights. the height of heaven is shaken at your roaring When. May their Sire Rudra. 3 Though vast and tall.Before you. Maruts. as brothers they have grown to happy fortune. As with spoil-seeking cars I bring oblation: turned rightward I will swell the Marut's. joined with thy banner. 5 None being eldest. bring fair days to the Maruts.

6 Yea. that sage of far-extended fame. Goddess. Among the mountains. ye bridegrooms with a lovely Spouse That ye may warm you at the fire. 8 And yet full many a one. spotless. lovers of the song to mortal man through holy hymn. many a woman is more firm and better than the man who turns Away from Gods. Where are your horses. Who threw embracing arms around the hero whom gyavaiva praised. They have attained high glories here. hundreds of sheep and steeds and kine. Two red steeds carried me to Purumilha's side. 16 Do ye. destroyers of the foe. divulged the path to Syava. Songs. 14 Who knoweth. like Taranta. 1. verily. 3 The whip is laid upon the flank. The heroes stretch their thighs apart. unblamable. checked by none. 7 She who discerns the weak and worn. when he hath pressed the Soma juice. Mitra-Varuna . 13 That Marut band is ever young. Send down the treasures that we crave. Like women when the babe is born. of these where the All-shakers take delight. 19 This wealthy Rathaviti dwells among the people rich in kine. 4 Go ye. The wish I had departeth not. far withdrawn. bear thou far away to Darbhya this my hymn of praise. to me. the joyous-spirited. drinking the meath that gives delight. the man who thirsts and is in want She sets her mind upon the Gods. as if chariot-borne. 5 May she gain cattle for her meed. andoffers not. 9 And she. the young. who are ye that have singly come Forth from a region most remote? 2. borne on bright cars. Born. O Heroes. 10 Him who. 18 From me to Rathaviti say. far away. is entitled man: Only in weregild is he such. O HEROES lordliest of all. hath bestowed on me A hundred cows in liberal gift. And hearers when he cries for help. yea. HYMN LXII. where the reins? How came ye? how had ye the power? Rein was on nose and seat on back. 11 They who are borne by rapid steeds. Moving to victory. after sacred Law? 15 Guides are ye. Maruts. 12 They by whose splendour both the worlds are over-spread they shine on cars As the gold gleams above in heaven. worshipful and exceeding bright. mean niggard.HYMN LXI. 17 OUrmya. like Vaidadasvi. unpraised.

have firmly stablished earth and heaven. in heaven it glitters like a whip for horses. BY your high Law firm order is established there where they loose for travel Surya's horses. Ye caused the cows to stream. your boon. strongest. uphold dominion based on thousand pillars. sent down the rain-flood. Or stablished on a field deep-spoiled and fruitful. 9 Bountiful guardians of the world! the shelter that is impenetrable. and iron-pillared when the Sun is setting. and your streams flow to us from days aforetime. and. 5 To make the lustre wider and more famous. 3 Imperial Kings. flawless. Mitra-Varuna. behold infinity and limit~tion. both Kings. Through heaven and over earth the thunderers take their way. 2 This world's imperial Kings. scattering swift drops. 2 This. Lords of earth and heaven. We pray for rain. ye save amid oblations. guarding the pious. firm. 4 Let your well-harnessed horses bear you hither: hitherward let them come with reins drawn tightly. Ten hundred stood together: there I looked on this the most marvellous Deities' one chief glory. O Mitra-Varuna whomsoe'er ye: favour. 8 Ye mount your car gold-hued at break of morning. to him the rain with sweetness streameth down from heaven. Mitra and . together. Varuni3. Mitra-Varuna. whom. Heroes. the plants to flourish. strong. O Mitra-Varuna. and when we long to win may we be victors. here. Aid us with that. guarding the sacred grass with veneration. 6 With hands that shed no blood. Ye Twain. A covering cloud of sacred oil attends you. ye by your greatness.1. its columns are of iron. looking on the light. ye whose Laws are ever true. ye rule in holy synod. 3 O Mitra-Varuna. awe-inspiring. And from that place. Mitra-Varuna. O Varuna and Mitra. 1. in the sublimest heaven your chariot ye ascend. So may we share the meath that loads your car-seat. Ye cause to flow all voices of the cowpen: your single chariotfelly hath rolled hither. GUARDIANS of Order. HYMN LXIII. is your special greatness: floods that stood there they with the days attracted. strong. and immortality. Ye. are seated on a throne amid oblations. O Varuna and Mitra. 7 Adorned with gold. Kings of willing spirit.

3 That I may gain a refuge now. resteth in the heaven. we invoke with song. That shall stir envy in the homes of wealthy chiefs and those who praise. and by the Asura's magic power cause Heaven to rain. With magic power the Maruts clothe them with the clouds. Ye wait on thunder with the many-tinted clouds. Ye hide him in the sky with cloud and flood of rain. 7 Wise. the red. ye Heroes. of glorious fame most widely spread. to our gathering come. Men go protected in the charge of this dear Friend who harms us not. speed. FULL wise is he who hath discerned: let him speak to us of the Gods. with your Law and through the Asura's magic power ye guard the ordinances.The man whose praise-songs Varuna the beautiful. 2 Stretch out your arms with favouring love unto this man who singeth hymns. 1. That in their homes the wealthy chiefs and they who are your friends may thrive. Ye by eternal Order govern all the world. cometh forth as light. Varuna and Mitra. HYMN LXV Mitra-Varuna. the spotless One. encompass round the realm of light. with your active feet hither to my pressed Soma juice. The thunderers roam through regions varied in their hues. Holy Ones! in the Gods' realm where white Cows shine. Parjanya! full of sweetness flow. 2 For they are Kings of noblest might. by song. ye ever active Ones. as with penfold of your arms. O Mitra-Varuna: Parjanya sendeth out a wondrous mighty voice. bedew us with the milk of heaven. Ye Two cause Heaven to rain. You. 6 Refreshing is your voice. 7 When morning flushes. . Mitra-Varuna. loves. moreover. as a hero in the wars. Who. the wondrous weapon. Supporting Arcananas. For in all places is sung forth your evergracious friendliness. from you may I. foeman-slaying Varuna and Mitra. 4 Your magic. 6 With those. 5 The Maruts yoke their easy car for victory. Vouchsafe us room that we may win strength for prosperity and wealth. HYMN LX1V. 5 With your fair splendours. Ye set the Sun in heaven as a refulgent car. Mitra-Varuna. may my steps be on Mitra's path. win noblest meed. Mitra-Varuna 1. O Mitra-Varuna. or Mitra. The Sun. among whom ye hold your high supremacy. 4 Mitra and Varuna.Varuna. and water-drops. Imperial Kings.

YE Gods. Mitra-Varuna. 5 This is the Law sublime. Gods glorified among the Gods. who slay the foe. whose form is Law. and to one end direct their ways. possessors of all wealth. ye Gods with wandering eyes. Varuna. merits not our praise? Therefore our thought is turned to you. HYMN LXVII. ' 5 In Mitra's shelter that extends to utmost distance may we dwell. Ye Twain. HYMN LXVIII. give felicity. ye sit in your golden dwelling-place. Most Sage. Varuna and Mitra. set apart for you. For he who worships hath the grace of Mitra. call the Two Gods. most spacious and protected well. high. 4 Carefully tending Law with Law they have attained their vigorous might. Varuna. the Atris' thought is turned to you. are lofty Law 2 Full springs of fatness. 2 For they have won unbroken sway in full perfection. Varuna or Mitra. They. 3 So help ye us to riches. Aryaman. place offerings for his great delight. as if with feet. ever as sons of Varuna. 3 All these. neglect not us the Rsis: be our guardians when ye quaff the milk. bounteous in their gifts. . the Twain. they cleave to Law. Mitra. who strengthen Law. Good leaders. Unmenaced. the very wise. verily Have here obtained supremest sway. Mitra. 2 When. supporters of mankind. deliverers even from distress. great terrestrial and celestial wealth: Vast is your sway among the Gods. wide-spreading. For Varuna. fighter in the van. would that the worshippers and we Might strive to reach the realm ye rule. 4 For they are true. O ye whose might is purified. Mighty Lords.Lords of the brave. guarded by the care. 1. holy. 5 Which of your persons. Adityas. 1. 6 Ye. and guard from injury mortal man. Wondrous Gods with fulness of intellIgence. Aryaman. to give us strength besides. Mitra. Mitra. urge this people on. They come with ample overflow. 3 Therefore we praise you that your cars may travel far in front of oursYou who accept the eulogy of Ratahavya with his hymns. held holy among every race. together I address you first We who have good steeds call on you. 4 And ye show wMom. O SAPIENT man. By men's discernment are Ve marked. 4 E'en out of misery Mitra gives a way to dwelling at our case. 1. foeslayers. HYMN LXVI. power divine. the Holy Ones with every race. Follow their ways. and Varuna. And. Neglect not ye the wealthy chiefs. 6 Mitra. are prepared. SING forth unto your Varuna and Mitra with a song inspired. Mitra-Varuna. Sovran Kings. like high laws. O Earth: to aid the Rsis' toil for fame The Two. Mitra-Varuna. 3 Approaching you with prayer for aid. the world of man hath been made beautiful as light.

guarding the Ordinance that lasts for ever. or progeny. for safety. O Mitra: Waxed strong. for wealth and progeny. Fill full our songs. O Rudras. 3 Come to the juice that we have pressed. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. 3 Guard us. your floods pour water full of sweetness. ye keep the splendour of dominion. The Immortal Gods. Varuna. our sons. Mitra-Varuna. O ye Rudras. 1.The two Gods wax devoid of guile. EVEN far and wide. 2 Ye. 1 To Varuna and Mitra we offerwith songs. come with might To this our goodly sacrifice. as Atri did. bestirring men. enjoy another's solemn feast. Mitra-Varuna. may we gain fully food for sustenance. who fill the three world-bowls with genial moisture. O Mitra-Varuna. Varuna. my we be. my we Subdue the Dasyus. Mitra. in rest and trouble. three heavens. 4 Ye who uphold the region. come to drink This Soma of the worshipper. O Varuna and Mitra. O Wondrous Strong. I pray. ye skilled to save. Such. ye who slay the foemen. Lords of the strength that bringeth gifts. O Varuna and Mitra. I call at noon and when the Sun is setting. we ourselves. Mitra. ye who support earth's realm Divine Adityas. HYMN LXIX. . 2 By Ordinance and Law ye dwell in peace secure. 5 With rainy skies and streaming floods. May I obtain your kind good-will. 2 For. HYMN LXXIL Mitra-Varuna. have kine who yield refreshment. with your guar4 save us. 3 I call at dawn on Aditi the Goddess. splendid in their brightness. 4 Or ne'er may we. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. HYMN LXX. O Varuna and Mitra. benignant Gods. HYMN LXXI. O Varuna. 2 From you. never impair your everlasting statutes. ye Sages are Rulers over all. for this ye can. 1. sphere of brightness. three firmaments ye comprehend. Ourselves. A lofty seat have they attained. doth your grace extend. Mitra-Varuna. 1. There stand the Three Steers. Varuna and Mitra. THREE spheres of light.

9 Asvins. 6 Here is the man who lauds you both: to see your glory are we here. 2 These here. Visvas! hath all been done with this. Asvins. So. Gods in heaven? Who is the man ye strive to reach? Who of your suppliants is with you? 3 Whom do ye visit. with a friendly mind. Resistless. accepters of the bard? Who. Asvins. rich in wealth! with sacrifice? . and spotless. Asvins. Lords of ample wealth. Birds of red hue were round about and burning splendours compassed you. Atri is brought to us again. the famed Nasatyas. come with saving help. ye excellent as Steers: Atri inviteth you to come. What time. HYMN LXXIV. At sacrifice most prompt to hear. 5 When Surya mounted on your car that rolls for ever rapidly. HYMN LXXIII. rich in constancy? Hear this. 2 Where are they now? Where are the Twain. for Paura stir the filler swimming in the flood. Now bear me. 6 Atri bethinks himself of you. whom approach? to whom direct your harnessed car? With whose devotions are ye pleased? We long for you to further us. 8 Lovers of sweetness. even as cars high reverence have we spoken forth. With others through the realms ye roam in might unto the neighbouring tribes. 7 Strong is your swiftly moving steed. O Heroes. 7 Who among many mortal men this day hath won you to himself? What bard. he stirred the longing of a dame. accept the sacrifice. who show o'er widest space. bringing full many a wondrous act. lovingly I seek. she who streams with sweetness waits on you. 5 Ye from cyavana worn with age removed his skin as 'twere a robe. Atyins. WHETHER. 3 Another beauteous wheel have ye fixed there to decorate your car. come hither. When ye have travelled through the seas men bring you gifts of well-dressed food. Chiefs. Born otherwise. Advancing to be captured like a lion to the ambuscade. 1. most gracious ye at sacrifice. Which we have fashioned. ye this day be far remote or near at hand. with truth they call you Twain bestowers of felicity. Rudras. WHERE in the heavens are ye to-day. 10 Most pleasing to the Asvins be these prayers which magnify their might. O Asvins. ye have entered kinship's bonds with us. Nasatyas. Strengtheners. 4 Ye. with his mouth he stirs the spotless flame for you. In many spots or in mid-air. for our help.3 May Varuna and Mitra. famed his exertion in the course When by your great deeds. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. ye who are rich in store of wealth. I call the Mightiest to enjoy. 1. 4 That deed of yours that is extolled. when ye made him young again. Gods.

impetuous. who longs for your grace and lauds you both. the worshipper's most . your chariot-steed. bringers of the flood. stand at this our sacrifice. Harnessed is your immortal car. Asvins. come. 10 O Asvins. your raiser. rich in store of wealth. hear my call. 1. of dappled hue. with bliss. O Asvins. is shining. O ye Asvin Pair. born on cars. listing to his cry. the voice of him who lauds you well cleaves to your car. lovers of meath! be sweet to you. HYMN LXXVI. Your flying steeds. Lovers of sweetness. hear my call. 8 Ye Lords of Splendour. Through longing for the pious turn out of the way to reach our home. yoked at the thought. Asvins 1.8 O Asvins. For you is dainty food prepared: they mix refreshing food for you. Lovers of sweetness. with his song of praise. Lovers of sweetness. Asvins. Lovers of sweetness. And that great beast. pass away beyond all tribes of selfish men. Asvins. hear my call. 6 Hither. HYMN LXXV. bear my call. Through many regions may our praise pass onward among mortal men. Borne on your chariot. the bright face of the Dawns. 3 Come to us. wonderful. fair. bring you hitherward. hear my call. on your paths of gold. Wonderful. with winged steeds ye speed down to cyavana void of guile. when at any time ye listen to this call of mine. hear my call. Asvins. most gracious. strong and kind. bear my call. 9 Dawn with her white herd hath appeared. Lovers of sweetness. come Ye Rudras. ye wise of heart. Nasatyas. Lovers of sweetness. like falcons with your winged steeds. 5 Watchful in spirit. makes dainty food. Lovers of sweetness. O WonderWorkers. the Rsi is prepared. with your golden paths. turn you hither and come unto our full and rich libation. O ye Asvins. rejoicing. Lovers of sweetness. Fly hitherward. bringing your precious treasures. AGNI. let your steeds. Lovers of sweetness. To meet your treasure-bringing car. hear my call. Asvins. may your car approach. the mighty car most dear to us. be not disinclined. most excellent of cars for speed. free from guile. 7 O Asvins. Beside the singer. 9 May our laudation of you Twain. the singers' pious voices have ascended. hear my call. to drink. they scorn not what is ready: even now the lauded Asvins are beside us. With promptest aid they come at morn and evening. and in due time hath fire been placed. O Heroes. 2 Most frequent guests. 2 Pass. hither come to us. 4 O strong and Good.

Come to us from high heaven and from the mountain. Asvins. 3 Yea. hither come to us: Nasatyas. part asunder like the side of her who bringeth forth a child. 4 For this place. Ye came to him. Immortals! HYMN LXXVIII. at noon of day and when the Sun is setting. and all felicity and joy. your chariot with its freight of food comes hither. Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. 2 Worship at dawn and instigate the Asvins:nor is the worshipper at eve rejected. by night. 5 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. was of old your dwelling. Asvins. and gain their health-bestowing happy ildance. these were your houses. YE Asvins. and heroes. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. and heroes. come at milking-time. O Asvins. 5 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. Besides ourselves another craves and worships: each first in worship is most highly favoured. Asvins. and gives the sweetest food at distribution. 3 Covered with gold. Come from the waters bringing food and vigour. 1. . at early morning. 5 Tree. wherewith ye travel over all obstructions. Not only now the draught hath drawn the Asvins. like two wild cattle to the mead: Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. with the freshest and most auspicious fleetness of a falcon. with favour most auspicious. Furthers with his own holy works his offspring. this your habitation. Bring riches hither unto us. and ever passes those whose flames ascend not. like a pair of deer. Swift as thought. accept our sacrifice to prosper it: Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. Asvins. 4 He who hath served most often the Nasatyas. 4 As Atri when descending to the cavem called on you loudly like a wailing woman. Immortals! HYMN LXXVII. rapid as the tempest.blessed guards from trouble. and all felicity and joy. 2 O Asvins. meath-tinted. Bring riches hither unto us. dropping fatness. FIRST worship those who come at early morning: let the Twain drink before the giftless niggard. By day. be not disinclined. 3 O Asvins rich in gifts. The Asvins claim the sacrifice at daybreak: the sages yielding the first share extol them. 1.

HYMN LXXIX. dawn to-day on us thou Daughter of the Sky. 7 Like as the wind on every side ruffles a pool of lotuses. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 6 Give to these wealthy patrons fame. livingfrorn the living dame. O thou munificent Dawn. So also. highborn! delightful with the steeds! 10 So much. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 4 Here round about thee are the priests who laud thee. O affluent Dawn. shine forth. unharmed. Vayya's son. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 3 So. O Bounteous Dame. bringing treasure. for the seer affrighted when he wept and wafled. Bright One. splendid with wealth and offering much. on Satyasravas. descend together with the after-birth. Together with the sunbeams. Dawn. with their hymns. . yea. 1. didst shine for Satyatravas. 8 Like as the wind. subsistence in our herds of kine. Dawn. to these Our wealthy patrons who bestow rich gifts on us of steeds and kine. O Daughter of the Sky. Thou Radiant One who ceasest not to shine for those who sing thy praise. Vayya's son. 9 The child who hath for ten months' time been lying in his mother's side. O mightier yet. So dawn thou on one mightier still. Ye. As thou. awaken us to ample opulence to-day Even as thou hast wakened us with Satyasravas. E'en fain they gird us round and give rich gifts which ne'er are reft away. Let not the Sun with fervent heat consume thee like a robber foe. O HEAVENLY Dawn. To these our princes who have brought rich gifts ne'er to be reft away. delay not to perform thy task. 6 For Saptavadhri. listen to my call: loose Saptavadhri from his bonds. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! HYMN LXXX. with hero sons. like as the sea is set astir. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 2 Daughter of Heaven. Vayya's son. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! 7 Bring lofty and resplendent fame. like as the wood. thou dawnedst on Sunitha Sucadratha's son. with the shine of pure refulgent flames. Asvins. O Dawn. it suits thee to bestow. and more exceedingly.Ye Asvins.May he come forth alive. So stir in thee the babe unborn. with your magic powers rent up the tree and shattered it. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 5 Whatever these thy bands perform to please thee or to win them wealth. And men with gifts. THE singers welcome with their hymns and praises the Goddess Dawn who bringeth in the sunlight. 1. ten-month babe. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! 8 Bring us. so may the ten-month babe descend. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! 9 O Daughter of the Sky.

Opening paths to happiness. O Savitar. bends. He who hath measured the terrestrial regions out by his great power. 2 The Sapient One arrays himself in every form: for quadruped and biped he hath brought forth good. Child of Heaven. hath brought perpetual riches. red-tinted. in all thy goings-forth. . The Maid. O God. and with the rays of Sidrya thou combinest thee. and shineth after the outgoing of the Dawn. 4 To the three spheres of light thou goest. O God. 3 Even he. on her lofty chariot. praised by all. her forehead downward. fair. 5 As conscious that her limbs are bright with bathing. Savitar. She travels perfectly the path of Order. by Law true to eternal Order. 6 The Daughter of the Sky. rousing up the people. harnessing her car with purple oxen. all-impelling. 5 Over all generation thou art Lord alone: Pusan art thou. as 'twere. Around. the God whose going-forth and majesty the other Deities have followed with their might. HYMN LXXXI. he is the Courser Savitar. Dawn. 1. as one who knows. Driving away malignity and darkness. Yea.Sublime. THE priests of him the lofty Priest well-skilled in hymns harness their spirit. making the pathways easy to be travelled. nor fails to reach. injuring none. 3 She. He only knowing works assigns their priestly tasks. 2 She comes in front. erect that we may see her. farrefulgent. Excellent Savitar hath looked on heaven's high vault. HYMN LXXXII. the quarters. opposite to men. Yea. disclosing boons to him who worships. thou hast domination over all this world. yea. lofty is the praise of Savitar the God. art Mitra through thy righteous laws. giver of every blessing. Dawn gives her splendour at the days' beginning. thou. the Goddess shines. hath come to us with lustre. bright on her path. Syavasva hath brought praise to thee. 4 With changing tints she gleams in double splendour while from the eastward she displays her body. Savitar. she stands. Savitar. harness their holy thoughts. on both sides thou encompassest the night: yea. High. like some chaste woman. hath brought again the daylight as aforetime.

even thou Parjanya. Savitar whose decrees are true. prosperity with progeny. 6 Send down for us the rain of heaven. No one diminisheth in aught. From him exceeding strong fices e'en the guiltless. is Savitar. God. 4 Forth burst the winds. 7 We with our hymns this day elect the general God. 2 Savitar's own supremacy. 3 Like a car-driver whipping on his horses. all-yielding. 9 He who gives glory unto all these living creatures with the song. the Day and Night. 8 He who for ever vigilant precedes these Twain. Come hither with this thunder while thou pourest the waters down. conquering gift of Bhaga we would gladly win. Lord of the good. most glorious and beloved of all. 7 Thunder and roar: the germ of life deposit. . 1. HYMN LXXXIII. God Savitar. 2 He smites the trees apart. loud roaring. At whose behest the plants assume all colours. when thundering Parjanya smites the wicked. ye Maruts. our heavenly Lord and Father. at whose command hoofed cattle fly in terror. he makes the messengers of rain spring forward. Far off resounds the roaring of the lion. 4 Send us this day. Parjanya. The best. he slays the demons: all life fears him who wields the mighty weapon. May we obtain all lovely things. down come the lightning-flashes: the plants shoot up. and let the Stallion's flood descend in torrents. Drive thou the evil dream away. Is Savitar the thoughtful God. 3 For Savitar who is Bhaga shall send riches to his worshipper. 5 Thou at whose bidding earth bows low before thee. Fly round us on thy chariot waterladen. SING with these songs thy welcome to the Mighty. That wondrous portion we implore. with adoration praise and call Parjanya. swift to send his bounty. lays in the plants the seed. the realm of light is streaming.1. what time Parjanya fills the sky with rain-cloud. send far away all sorrows and calamities. what time Parjanya quickens earth with moisture. 6 Sinless in sight of Aditi through the God Savitar's influence. yield us great protection. WE crave of Savitar the God this treasure much to be enjoyed. The Bull. And brings them forth. for germination. And send us only what is good. Food springs abundant for all living creatures. 5 Savitar.

verily. putting forth their vigour. 2 To thee. SING forth a hymn sublime and solemn. and let the liberated streams rush forward. pour down water. 8 Lift up the mighty vessel. Set intellect in hearts. When from the lightning of thy cloud the rain-floods of the heaven descend. loose them. ring out the lauds with beams of day. put milk in kine and vigorous speed in horses. e'en the strong sovrans of the wood. like a neighing steed. with thunder and with roar. 3 Who graspest with thy might on earth. Varuna. smitest sinners down. who with might quickenest earth. 9 When thou. O Mighty One. 5 I will declare this mighty deed of magic. THOU. HYMN LXXXIV. 3 Varuna lets the big cask. 4 When Varuna is fain for milk he moistens the sky. Who drivest. hath ever let or hindered this the most wise God's mighty deed of magic. all that is upon the earth. bearest the tool that rends the hills: Thou rich in torrents. Thou hast made desert places fit for travel. Who hath struck out. of glorious Varuna the Lord Immortal. thou hast won thee praise from living creatures. Saturate both the earth and heaven with fatness. the land. Parjanya. Whereby with all their flood. 10 Thou hast poured down the rain-flood now withhold it. Thou hast made herbs to grow for our enjoyment: yea. O wanderer at will. and earth to her foundation. 1. Siurya in heaven and Soma on the mountain. grateful to glorious. the swelling cloud. Who standing in the firmament hath meted the earth out with the Sun as with a measure.O Prthivi. Then straight the mountains clothe them in the rain-cloud: the Heroes. Prthivi. Varuna.Thine opened water-skin draw with thee downward. Therewith the universe's Sovran waters earth as the shower of rain bedews the barley. yea. opening downward. earth as a skin to spread in front of Surya. of a truth. fire in the waters. O bright of hue. HYMN LXXXV. 6 None. and let the hollows and the heights be level. like one who slays the victim. This universe exults thereat. the lucid rivers fill not one sea wherein they . imperial Ruler. and for the cows let there be drink abundant. 1. flow through the heaven and earth and air's mid-region. 2 In the tree-tops the air he hath extended.

this strength of yours no wisdom comprehendeth: through their gifts' greatness they are moveless as the mountains. from lofty heaven. strong band. 4 Indra and Agni. the Twain. HYMN LXXXVII. People. friend. To Visnu. out of the spacious dwelling-place. ye who know. THE mortal man whom ye. Two Gods as partners. to the Mighty whom the Maruts follow let your hymns born in song go forth. adorned with bracelets. Evayamarut. and keen the lightning of the mighty Pair. Lords of the Fivefold. as such. Which from their arms speeds with the car to Vrtra's slayer for the kine. or comrade. we invoke. the brightly shining Ones. 5 These who give increase day by day. Maruts. Indra-Agni. deal food to those who sing your praise. strong. speeding. with the Heroes. Evayamarut. Evayamarut. Indra and Agni. that rushes on in joy and ever roars for vigour. 5 Like your tremendous roar. deal wealth to those who sing your praise. 8 If we. 3 Who by the psalm they sing are heard. Worthy themselves. we invoke you both. as gamesters cheat at play. he cometh forth. O Varuna. hath made all tremble. HYMN LXXXVI. . help in fight. Varuna let us be thine own beloved. and. as butter.pour their waters. purified by stones. When he. worthy to be renowned in frays. 2 They who with might were manifest. The neighbour ever with us. Evayamarut. 1. done wrong unwittingly or sinned of purpose. or a stranger. 6 The strength-bestowing offering thus to Indra-Agni hath been paid. have ever wronged a brother. their home in common. Indra and Agni. Evayamarut. remove from us the trespass. the strong. Deal to our princes high renown. who urge the roaring rivers. whose lightnings are as fires. Breaks through e'en strongly-guarded wealth as Trta burst his way through reeds. Gods without guile for mortal man. Maruts. joy-giving. 2 The Twain invincible in war. to send your cars: Lords of quick-coming bounty. himself. these. chief lovers of the song. 3 Impetuous is their strength. the rainer with light flashing. 4 He of the Mighty Stride forth strode. for my horse. I honour most. 1. 7 If we have sinned against the man who loves us. have cheated. To the impetuous. In whose abode there is no mightier one to move them. and who willingly by their own knowledge told it forth. Cast all these sins away like loosened fetters. hath yoked his emulous strong horses on heights.

Wherewith victorious ye. whose bands have lofty courage. Evayamarut. 4 They who approached the God's abode with homage. be our protectors. . They whose terrestrial dwelling-place is wide-extended. with splendid brilliancy. keep enmity far from us with your deeds of wonder. Evayamarut. For ye are visible helpers in the time of trouble: like fires. impetuous and well-weaponed. like mountains in the air's raid-region. who goest with much wealth as with an army. they gained even sacrificial titles. Thou. hear our call. and. fair to look on. eager for glory. they have followed riches. Like car-borne men. best Offerer. save us from shame and insult. one-minded with the mighty Visnu. hast made us strength which none may conquer. lofty. free from demons. turning thy mind to thoughts of ample riches. ye. and hear his call who praises you. Evayamarut. mighty warriors. 6 Unbounded is your greatness. So first to thee have pious men resorted.THE SIXTH BOOK HYMN I. O Maruts. furthering us. Bull. whom none suspect of sin. to this man'a hater. meet for honour. 3 In thee. won them perfect glory: Yea. Evayamarut. Wise. and found delight in thine auspicious aspect. The radiant Agni. ye of mighty power: may your bright vigour be our aid. aglow with light. O Agni. to bless it. 7 So may the Rudras. ye Hnly Ones. be irresistible. strength that shall overcome all other prowess. like fires. worshipped with marrow. thee their celestial and terrestrial riches. still watching. first inventor of this prayer. hast become our Herald. press onward. 8 Come in a friendly spirit. Agni. evermore resplendent. 1. Most excellent. 9 Come to our sacrifice. Worker of Marvels. with strong reins. RIG VEDA . THOU. 5 On earth the people magnify thee greatly. self-luminous. 2 As Priest thou sattest at the seat of worship. come to us. decked with gold.

far from sin and evil. leddest forth our men to battle. makest fame increase like full prosperity. adorable Agni hath seated him. plenteous. the Bull of men. skilled in worship. meet to be lauded. 11 Thou who hast covered heaven and earth with splendour and with thy glories. 6 Dear priest among mankind. THOU. 4 Let the man thrive who travails sore. When. promoting. Let us approach thee shining in thy dwelling. refulgent with the heaven's exalted splendour. abundant wealth of kine for son and offspring. with reverence. 1. verily. the sender down of blessings. must be known as our Preserver. Agni. Thou. seen of all. Food noble. with hymns. gains every joy with thee to guard and help him. 2 For. in prayer. O Agni. with altar: so may we strive for thine auspicious favour. Agni. as man needs. this race of man invites thee to the solemn rite. 5 The mortal who with fuel lights thy flame and offers unto thee. all peoples' Lord and Master. in thee the Sovran. Still pressing on. Agni. HYMN II. O Son of Strength. 13 May I obtain much wealth in many places by love of thee and through thy grace. joy-giver. Agni. Continue thou to shine on us. with strength abundant. Helper. Thou. Agni! fuel and oblations. he with us. glorious and triumphant. with adoration. God-devoted. pure-minded. 8 Sage of mankind. 3 Of one accord men kindle thee Heaven's signal of the sacrifice.Thou. far thee the Bountiful. hast a princely glory of thine own. With songs. such. 12 Vouchsafe us ever. brought thee oblations with his kindled fuel. O Vasu. to live a hundred years. rich. men pray to thee with sacrifices and with songs. And well knows sacrifice with adoration. even as Mitra. and long enduring. the Lord of riches. are many boons for him who serves thee. He with the help of lofty Dyaus comes safe through straits of enmity. King Agni. kneeling upon our knees. . we seek thee. 9 Agni. purifying. and fair fame to make us happy. Agni. the mortal who hath toiled and worshipped. Agni the Holy One. comes speeding through the air. 7 Longing for bliss. craving bliss. active Vasu. For in thee Bounteous One. Father and Mother of mankind for ever. Agni. Supports a house with many a branch. To thee the Friendly Courser. 10 Mightily let us worship thee the Mighty.

Eternal One! of thee the Mighty rend the woods. And. art urged by wisdom in the wood. 2 He hath paid sacrifices. darting forth his tongue. Bring weal from heaven. and offered gifts to wealthincreasing Agni. smelteth them like a smelter. Thou art like wind. and bright as Mitra with his splendour crackles. may we o'ercome them. thy faithful servant wins ample light and dwells in peace. by day the men's possession: red. Him the displeasure of the famous moves not. 6 In beams of morn he clothes him like the singer. Red in the night. Immortal. 4 Fierce is his gait and vast his wondrous body: he champeth like a horse with bit and bridle. whose look is free from stain like Surya's. through thy help o'ercome them. Accept the ofrering. For. with supporting streams and rays that suit him. what time thou earnestly desirest. he belongs to men by day. 8 Who. Come with joy at evening. like an able steed. thou enterest as Priest the home of men who sacrifice. like a young horse that runs astray. 8 Thou. as 'twere a hatchet. toiled in worship. by banishing his trouble. 7 For in men's houses thou must be glorified as a well-loved guest. HYMN III. TRUE. call hither the favour of the Gods from earth and heaven. Hast gear to give us. May we o'ercome the foe's malign oppressions. hath flashed like . God with Mitra's might. Who with his glow in rapid course came hither to fill both worlds. he sets his arrow. 1. thou mayest also tarry. fain toshoot. swift.6 Thy bright smoke lifts itself aloft. guardest. home art thou. claiming protection like a son. burning the woods. like a tree-roosting bird of rapid pinion. and far-extended shines in heaven. 3 Bright God. guardian of the Law. 10 Agni. Eatest. and whets his splendour like the edge of iron: The messenger of night with brilliant pathway. as Varuna in accord with Mitra. where. Gay like an elder in a fort. Angiras! 11 O Agni. 9 E'en things imperishable. that men may dwell securely. wellwedded Dames. prosper them. Lord of the people. food. like a gazing ox. thou. Agni. O Agni. Child of Wood. O Agni. when hosts. 5 Archer-like. with treasure. Purifier! like the Sun thou beamest with thy radiant glow. outrage and scorn affect not such a mortal. thou. Whom thou. 7 Like Heaven's when scattering beams his voice was uttered: among the plants the radiant Hero shouted. Agni. O God.

ground their happiness . O Agni. O Agni. May we o'ercome those who resist thine orders. 5 Even he who cats his firm hard food with swiftness. devoid of malice. O Strength-bestower. awake at dawn. HYMN V. all things living as on firm. with hero children. thou. accept our praise with favour. with hymns. Son! our feast-companion: Agni at birth prepared his food and pathway. 4 Thou art a Singer. whose speech is guileless.lightning with his native vigour. So bring for us to-day all Gods together. Grant chiefs and bard this boon. Sage who sends wealth comprising every treasure. our guest. on the tranquil paths of riches come to us for our weal: save us from sorrow. the bright impetuous One hath shone refulgent. mid Gods. 2 At eve and morn thy pious servants bring thee their precious gifts. The best men praise thee as the peer of Indra in strength. 3 Whose might the very heavens regard with wonder: bright as the Sun he clothes himself with lustre. meet to be known. 7 We have elected thee as most delightful for thy beams' glow: hear our great laud.and overtakes the nights as Vayu kingdoms. dost sacrifice and worship. like Ausija. He who sends forth. radiant Herald of the morning. Therefore vouchsafe us strength. bringer of many boons. hath shattered e'en the ancient works of Asna. Win like a King: foes trouble not thy dwelling. with clear flame swifily flying. 1. Agni. Like the deft Maker of the band of Maruts. like a steed casting down the flying foemen. the Youthful. On whom. through a hundred winters. the Purifier.. 1. mid mortal men Immortal. Agni. is Jatavedas. Eternal Purifier. 2 May Agni. thou overspreadest both the worlds with splendour. HYMN IV Agni. O Priest of many aspects. 8 Now. the Youngest God. bring willingly the willing Gods. Son of Strength. I INVOCATE your Son of Strength. Decked with bright colour he dispels the darkness. As at man's service of the Gods. O Agni. Dear to all life. like Viyu in thy bounty. Invoker. May we live happy. 6 Like Surya with his fulgent rays.

O Son of Strength. 6 Do this. Immortal! in the midst of mortals. with splendour and with glory. thou with Mitra's might! who harms us. and flickers rapidly moving over earth's high ridges. a sage. 2 White-hued and thundering he dwells in splendour. quickly. Agni. move onward. 5 Forth darts the Bull's tongue like the sharp stone weapon discharged by him who fights to win the cattle. O sapient Jatavedas. Burn him with thine own Steers for ever youthful. Shines out. O Agni. 7 Help us. the neighbour. burning with burning heat. Calling the heavenly Priest to share the banquet. Thy most destructive heavenly Navagvas break the woods down and devastate them boldly. 6 Thou with the sunlight of the great Impeller hast boldly over-spread the earth's expanses. gain riches. by mental power the charioteer of blessings. in all directions. when we urge thee. 4 Agni. O Agni. 4 Thy pure white horses from their bonds are loosened: O Radiant One. most variform. triumphant in thy might subdue our foemen. 3 Incited by the wind thy flames. Hence sendest thou. with wealth. Most Youthful. with hymn. Agni's fierce flame is like a hero's onset: dread and resistless he destroys the forests.have stablished. 1. Desiring strength from thee may we be strengthened. to him who serves thee treasures in succession. and win. Wealthy One! with store of heroes. the singer's worship. HYMN VI. O Agni. So drive away with conquering might all perils. And far and wide shines out thy flame. When thou art praised with words and decked with brightness. accept this chanted hymn. the Purifier. bright. they shear the ground beneath them. Eternal! thine eternal glory. and chanted praises. with the loudvoiced and eternalAgni. Pure One! pure. 3 Thou from of old hast dwelt among these people. whoever secretly attacks us. that we may gain this wish. who follows crunching many ample forests. HE who seeks furtherance and grace to help him goes to the Son of Strength with newest worship. fighting out foemen burn up . who rends the wood. thou fiercest burner. with his blackened pathway. 5 He who serves thee with sacrifice and fuel.

the King. The Sage. The Undeceivable who spread out all the worlds. even as for Agni lovely Soma is made pure. Exceeding wise.those who harm us. 1. keeper is he and guard of immortality. life-giving. 2 Him have they praised. he measured out the firmament. give with thy bright flames to the man who lauds thee. All creatures in existence rest upon his head. The Seven swift-flowing Streams have grown like branches forth. AT Jatavedas' holy gathering I will tell aloud the conquering might of the swift red-hued Steer. 7 Wondrous! of wondrous power! give to the singer wealth wondrous. Sage very wise who made the lucid spheres of heaven. when in loftiest heaven he sprang to life. Agni Vaisvanara. HYMN VIII. vast. Vaisvanara attained to heaven by mightiness. mid-point of sacrifices. Vaisvanara. seat of riches. Guardian of Holy Laws. Him. O Agni. Vaisvanara. have the Gods engendered. arising from thy Parents' bosom. 1. great cistern of libations. 4 To thee. born in holy Order. springs the mighty singer. 3 Wonderful Mitra propped the heaven and earth apart. no one hath ever resisted these thy mighty ordinances. A pure and fresher hymn flows to Vaisvanara. bestow thou on us excellent treasures worthy to belonged fo r. They by thy mental powers were made immortal. a vessel fit for their mouths. when thou shonest from thy Parents. kept and observed them well. with many heroes. 3 From thee. 7 Vaisvanara. from thee come heroes who subdue the foeman. 2 That Agni. Wealth bright. HYMN VII. O King. Agni. Vaisvanara's brilliancy. conveyer of oblations. Immortal! when to life thou springest. O Bright One. When thou. the Gods have generated. 5 Agni Vaisvanara. Agni. most wonderful. who measured out the realms of air. and covered and concealed . all the Gods sing for joy as to their infant. ensign of worship. Vaisvanara. 6 The summits of the heaven are traversed through and through by the Immortal's light. marked. the guest of men. messenger of earth and head of heaven. foundest the light for days' appointed courses.

1. move unobstructed to a single purpose. O Vaisvanara. smite down the sinner like a tree with lightning-flash. when born as Sovran. I know not the web they weave when moving to the contest. firm-seated in his station Immortal. He made the two bowls part asunder like two skins. by thy help. Far roams my mind whose thoughts are in the distance. the first of all: behold him. and in due time shall speak what should be spoken. thousandfold. worthy of holy synods. the light that harbours in my spirit broadens. bending not. 4 He is the Priest. rule. 6 Mine ears unclose to hear. O Agni. hundredfold. As envoy of Vivasvan MatariSvan brought Agni Vaisvanara hither from far away. All Gods of one accord. keep with effective guards our princely patrons. Lengthen their lives. on our wealthy chiefs. Vaisvanara. Who knoweth as the immortal world's Protector. 2 I know not either warp or woof. descending. ever new. Agni. Agni Vaisvanara. with good heroes. when lauded. and bright the other: both atmospheres move on by sage devices. Whose son shall here speak words that must be spoken without assistance from the Father near him? 3 For both the warp and woof he understandeth. Keep our band. Helper. seeing with no aid from other. 6 Do thou bestow. Vaisvanara put forth all his creative power.the darkness with his light. 7 O thou who dwellest in three places. HYMN IX. undecaying. Mid mortal men he is the light immortal. mine eye to see him. when thou wast . 4 The Migbty seized him in the bosom of the floods: the people waited on the King who should be praised. Agni. Here was he born. What shall I speak. hath with his lustre overcome the darkness. who have brought thee presents. King. ONE half of day is dark. glorious. 5 A firm light hath been set for men to look on: among all things that fly the mind is swiftest. as it were with sharpened bolt. So may we win for us strength. with one intention. what shall I now imagine? 7 All the Gods bowed them down in fear before thee. 5 In every age bestow upon the singers wealth. undecaying. ever waxing in his body. Agni. O Agni.

O Agni. A Priest with purifying tongue. increase our store. INSTALL at sacrifice. Vaisvanara be gracious to assist us. in fame. the Poet. seated here. When the Angirases' sagest Sage. with wondrous succours helps him to win a stable filled with cattle. and holpest them to gain abundant vigour. Fair hymns hadst thou among the Bharadvajas. Laud which bards send forth pure as sacred butter. pressing on as if the Maruts sent thee. the God. made manifest by light. May we he glad a hundred winters with brave sons. 4 He. filled heaven and earth with far-apparent splendour: And he himself hath been. through night's thick darkness. strength to this man. wonderful wealth on us and on our princes. as 'twere for self-advantage. 6 Agni. the worshipper presenteth. 4 Bright hath he beamed. accept this sacrifice with gladness. while the rite advances. Jatavedas. Mitra and Varuna and Earth and Heaven. may the Immortal favour us and help us. most skilful. HYMN X. the Purifier. and hero virtues. most delightful Herald.dwelling in the darkness. 2 Thou art our guileless. 1. the far-refulgent. 5 With thy most mighty aid. the wise. among mankind. To our oblation bring the two Nasatyas. Worship the two widespreading Worlds. your pleasant. Who stand preeminent. EAGERLY Sacrifice thou. meet for praises. surpassing others in liberal gifts. And the God. With hymns-for he illumines us-install him. . which. 7 Scatter our foes. heavenly Agni. sacrifice with thy mouth to thine own body. HYMN XI. wondrous bright. 3 Mid mortal men that singer thrives in glory who offers gifts with hymns of praise to Agni. O Agni with the fires of man enkindled. 3 For even the blessed longing that is in thee would bring the Gods down to the singer's worship. 1. at his birth. confer. Agni. whose path is black behind him. Radiant Priest of many aspects. of holy synods. 2 Hear this laud. O Agni. sings the sweet measure at the solemn service. He. Agni. Agni! Priest. O Agni. makes our rites successful.

Controller. loosed quickly. may Agni worship the Impeller's World-halves. clad in the robe of riches. like circumambient air. 2 In thee. Son of Strength. the rain besought of heaven. with the Gods. not to be stayed among the plants. like Mitra. 2 Thou art our Bhaga to send wealth thou dwellest. may we escape from woe as from a prison. Herald within the dwelling.Impeller. enkindled. from a distance hath spread himself abroad with light like Surya. for full perfection. like as a guileless smelter. o'er desert places. Auspicious God! spring all our blessingsWealth swiftly. adorn with homage. Firm on the seat of earth is based the altar: eye-like. 1. from thee. like a rushing flood. O thou Priest of many aspects. is lifted. Bring opulence and drive away affliction. Agni! God! of many a . most wise. 5 Men wonder at his shining glows when. come to present men's riches as oblations! 3 Whose blaze most splendid. And. the Holy. 1. sovran in the forest. fullof oil. he fights with power as doth a champion. 4 Our friends extol him like a steed for vigour even Agni in the dwelling. Friend art thou of the lofty Law. King! Holy One! pronounce the call to worship. HYMN XIII. KING of trimmed grass. Immortal. strength in battle with our foemen. like the Speeder's footstep. O Champion. o'er the broad earth he goeth. Agni. with wondrous splendour.Whom as the Living One rich in oblations the Five Tribes. swift as a guilty thief. burneth. Agni. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. He. paring the woods with case. Trce-fed. with thy fires. like Dawn's Sire to be praised with sacrifices. FROM thee. He knows himself. when the trimmed ladle. 6 So mighty thou protectest us from slander. shines waxing on his way like the . the flow of waters. 5 When I with reverence clip the grass for Agni. jatave~as. Found in three places. O Son of Strength. 6 Enrich us. Agni. bringing gifts. O Agni. Agni! with all fires enkindled. as branches from a tree. HYMN XII. shall Dyaus. the sacrifice is directed Sun-ward.

O Agni. the singer bears away the Pani's bootyEven he whom thou. in truth. to men for their subsistence such things as bring high fame and hero children. May I by all my songs obtain abundance. incitest by wealth. May we o'ercome the foe's malign oppressions. Soon as they look upon his might his enemies tremble in alarm. Enjoys each precious thing. 1. 3 Be thou the foeless helper of the skilful man. 3 Agni! the hero slays with might his foeman. lauds. the Pure One from of old: from ancient days the Child cats everlasting food. may we o'ercome them. whom men must glorify. who wakes at early morn. WHOSO to Agni hath endeared his thought and service by his hymns. God with Mitra's might call hither the favour of the Gods from earth and heaven. Son of Strength. Each time he comes from heaven. 3 The foeman's wealth in many a place. Agni. 2 Whom. a Seer. the Lord of all the tribes. God. born in Law. subduer of the enemy near . high-flaming in the wood. is never checked in deeds of might. O thou wondrous God. vouchsafe us seed and offspring. HYMN XV. attracts thy fervour to the altar. well-dis sed. Son of Strength. HYMN XIV. Men fight the fiend. is passing wise. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. the Blirgus stablished as a rriend. That mortal cats before the rest. is emulous to help. most skilled in ordering. full of vigour. through thy help o'ercome them. At sacrifices Manus' sons glorify Agni as their Priest. Agni. As such. 6 O Agni. firm in fray. Bring weal from heaven that men may dwell securely. 5 Grant. O God. 2 Agni. protects the mortal from reproach. gains wealth of corn and is the lord of treasures. 4 Agni bestows the hero chief. accordant with the Child of Waters. Whose conquering wealth is never checked. Son of Strength 1 with sacrifices. thou art every day extolled in lauds by Vitahavya. and seek by rites to overcome the riteless foe. 6 Eloquent. Sage. For thou with might givest much food in cattle even to the wicked wolf when he is hungry. 1. 4 The man who. Agni.blessing. and finds sufficiency of food. hymns. Agni. 5 For with his wisdom Agni. winner of waters. WITH this my song I strive to reach this guest of yours. most friendly. Most Mighty.

The end of sacrifice or its inception. Most skilful worshipper mid Gods and mortals. O Son of Strength. guard adorable. cometh. I seek with hymns. Who speeding on. eye-attracting form hath shone upon the earth as with the light of Dawn. 6 Worship ye Agni. 9 Thou. set in tront at sacrifice. knows all generations. 10 Him fair of face. A God among the Gods. the Herald of mankind. God mid Gods. Cleanser. 12 Guard us from him who would assail us. as envoy of the Gods traversest both the worlds. Agni. Agni who comes from heaven. 11 Him. void of guile. omnipresent Household Lord. Wise Jatavedas we implore with prayers for bliss the Priest. steadlast. ordering the works and ways of both. 14 Whate'er to-day thou. the Holy. desirable in thousands. rapid. offering-bearer. the Priest. loveth our service. yea. give Bharadvaja wide-spread wealth. Agni. Let him who knows all rules invite for worship. When we lay claim to thy regard and gracious fare. 13 Agni. Agru announce our offering to the Immortals. be thou to us a thriceprotecting friendly guard. he. Here let the place of darkening come upon thee: may wealth be ours. utters heavenly words. 5 Who with his purifying. praise your beloved. with your log of wood. well-skilled in sacred rites.or far away. enjoyest from the man's ritefor thou art sacrificerWorship. Invite ye the Immortal hither with your hymns. Who. and fair to look on. O Hero. Jatayedas. Lord of the homestead. untouched by age. thou endowest him with power and riches. God. Give Vitahavya riches spreading far and wide. their envoy. may he begin the sacrifice. O thou Victor. pure. bright-flamed Priest. Agni. bounteous. the holy Singer. Deathiess One. in each age have made thee. as in the fight of Etaia. as one athirst in heat. Agni. With reverence Gods and mortals have established thee. your refulgent guest. oblation-bearer. preserve us. thou deliverest and savest who brings him prayer to thee the Wise. like a holy singer. is King. Bestow a wealthy home on men. envoy. 4 Him. for duly dost thou spread in greatness: bear off thine ofrerings of . 8 Men. the ever-watchful. your beloved guest with songs. Agni. him very wise may we who know not follow. 7 Agni inflamed with fuel in my song I sing. he loveth what is choice. from dishonour.

9 Invoker placed by Manus. Agni. HYMN XVI. not bewildered. PRIEST of all sacrifices hast thou been appointed by the Gods. amid the race of man. As Priest be seated on the grass. 15 Look thou upon the viands duly laid for thee. Agni. at holy rites. 18 For the Gods' banquet be thou born. Most Youthful. be seated first upon the woollined altar. Disposer. so that we may o'ercome all things that trouble us. bedewed with oil. the paths and ways. Agni. thou. . Whom. Let not our household gear be found defective. And worshipped thee the worshipful. O fair-faced Agni. 11 So. God. 5 Thou givest these abundant boons to Divodasa pouring forth. 7 Mortals with pious thought implore thee. most wise in sacrifice. 10 Come. come to the offering of the gifts. as did Atharvan. straight on. Far-spreading and of high renown. to the feast. 3 For well. they brought from gloom. Sharpen us with thy penetrating splendour. To come unto the feast of Gods. Atharvan brought thee forth. too. Hearing the singer's eulogy. Bring thou the Gods and worship them. Agni. art near. the wisest Priest: Pay worship to the Tribes of Heaven. 1. o'ercome them with thy help. implored for bliss. O God. thou knowest. with mighty men.Earth. bring hither the Celestial Folk. as he moved in winding ways.to-day. for full perfection and for weal. To Bharadvaja offering gifts. Immortal Messenger. we make thee strong with fuel and with holy oil. by rubbing. All those who love shall joy in thee. hath Bharata of old. 16 Together with all Gods. rub this Agni forth. 17 Here the arranging priests. thou youngest of the Gods. Bring the Immortal Gods who strengthen holy Law: so let our sacrifice reach the Gods. Blaze high. God. in the strife for spoil. Agni. lauded. Lord and Master of men's homesteads. heroic strength exceeding great. 6 Do thou. Agni. Help us. Nest-like. 8 I glorify thine aspect and the might of thee the Bountilul. O liberal Agni. 4 Thee. Agni. o'ercome. with kindled fuel we have made thee mighty. 12 For us thou winnest. 19 O Agni. 13 Agni. Angiras. Fain would he set thee here to worship Heaven and. 2 So with thy joyous tongues for us sacrifice nobly in this rite. Bear this our worship to Savitar who sacrifices rightly. from the lotus-flower.

Hast overspread the lofty heaven. who strong and active all their lives. Fighting untroubled. fight down the malice ofthe foe. Served with oblation. and the Marut host. Agni. here. 32 Drive from us with thy tongue. through the lord of song. unsubdued. hath Atharvan's son. Yea.-fain for riches. Oblation-bearing messenger. Agni. will I sing verily other songs to thee. 34 May Agni slay the Vrtras. boldly your laud and sacrifice: Give the Disposer praise and song. O Most Wise. send wealth most excellent. Divodasa's Hero Lord. with recent glory. And with these drops shalt thou grow strong. Agni. 30 Keep us. lighted up. as in days of old. shining in his Mother's everlasting side. the man who doeth evil deeds. 20 For he gave riches that surpass in greatness all the things of earth. O my friends. 25 For strong and active mortal man. the Vrtra-slayer. 24 Bring those Two Kings whose ways are pure. Vrtra's slayer. of the Priest. marked of all. 28 May Agni with his pointed blaze cast down each fierce devouring fiend May Agni win us wealth by war. kindled. gathered light. 23 For as sagacious Herald he hath sat through every age of man. Winner of spoil in every fight. Dadhyac the Rsi. good to many a one! Our service therefore shalt thou gain. 15 The hero Pathya kindled thee the Dasyus'. O God. brings oblations to procure our death. O Agni. 16 Come. 35 His Father's Father. 27 These. these are helped by thee. 31 Whatever sinner. noblest be the giver serving thee to-day: The man hath brought his hymn of praise. breaker down of castles. 18 Not for a moment only lasts thy bounty.The head of Visva. 14 Thee. The mortal who would strike us dead. Excellent God! and Heaven and Earth. Son of Strength 26 Rich through his wisdom. O'ercome the malice of the foe. is the look Of thee Immortal. 29 O active Jatavedas. from the troubling of the man of sin: Guard us thou Sage who knowest prayer. conquering Lord! Agni. . Save us from woe that he would work. bring riches with store of hero sons: Slay thou the demons. the Bharata. 19 Agni. 17 Where'er tby mind applies itself. excellent. 33 Give shelter reaching far and wide to Bharadvaja. vigour preeminent bast thou: There wilt thou gain a dwelling-place. Agni. Adityas. bright. hath been sought. Set on the seat of holy Law. 21 Thou. 22 Bring to your Agni. most destructive foe. O Jatavedas.

Self-sustainer. One who brings us wealth and crushes down the Raksasas. skilled in holy rites. let the cheering drops delight thee greatly. O Indra. DRINK Soma. Let him he seated in his place. O Bold One. with prayer and hands uplifted. Lord of our hymns. Eternal One. the Priest of Heaven and Earth. 43 Harness. O Indra. 45 O Agni of the Bharatas. pierce through and free the cattle. oblation fashioned in the heart. thy steeds which are most excellent: They bear thee as thy spirit wills. car-borne. perfect.36 O active Jatavedas. devourer. first in rank. in their arms they bear. To drink the draught of Soma juice. that it may shine to heaven. . Men's Agni. Render of kine-stalls. May well attract. when lauded. have poured forth our songs. armed with thunder smotest Vrtra with might. 39 Mighty as one who slays with shafts. Indra. O Agni. Make the Sun visible. great. bring devotion that wins progeny. the homestead's Lord. 46 The mortal man who serves the God with banquet. 2 Drink it thou God who art impetuous victor. so pierce thy way to wondrous strength. Let these be oxen unto thee. thou breakest down the forts. with our hymn. 41 Bear to the banquet of the Gods the God best finder-out of wealth. make food abundant. hear thou our prayer and let our songs exalt thee. strong. lauds Agni. Shine forth and gleam. best slayer of Vrtra. the Hero. 42 In Jatavedas kindle ye the dear guest who hath now appeared In a soft place. 40 Whom. Agni. for which. true Sacrificer. Agni. with beauteousjaws. O Indra. like an infant newly born. HYMN XVII. Thou who. The Mighty. 47 Agni. and. 48 The Gods enkindle Agni. Yea. powerful. and let the draught delight thee. quaffed shall augment thee in thy mighty splendour. 44 Come hither. who glitterest like gold. or like a bull with sharpened horn. to thee whose look is lovely we with dainty food. 1. bring the Gods to us to taste the sacrificial feast. as to the shade from fervent heat Agni. bringing gifts at sacrifice. 37 O Child of Strength. and every hostile being. Mighty One. slaughter the foes. 38 To thee for shelter are we come. let these be bulls and kine to thee. all-subduing. 3 Drink as of old. blaze high with everlasting might. O thou God. thunder-wielding. O Agni. thou breakest through the cattle-stall. 4 These gladdening drops. we bring thee.

1. and. HYMN XVIII. O impetuous Hero. propped lofty heaven. Indra the much-invoked who fights uninjured. Give Bharadvaja hero patrons. and brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. When Indra. directed downward. form us brilliant holy singers for strength. ne'er moved. Indra. all the Deities installed thee their one strong Champion in the van for battle. hast stored the ripe milk in the raw cows' udders Unbarred the firm doors for the kine of Morning. life of every living creature. The mighty rock that compassed in the cattle. 15 With this may we obtain strength God-appointed. the bolt with thousand spikes and hundred edges. the juice that cheers. 8 Yea. set free the cattle. What time the godless was the Gods' assailant. speeding to the ocean. O Indra. Indra they chose to win the light of heaven. 7 Thou hast spread out wide earth. bursting the firm enclosures. Eager and prompt at will. thou hast supported. O Indra. and. . O Indra. the Strong. e'en that heaven itself of old bent backward before thy bolt. Indra. Magnify with these songs the never-vanquished. in terror of its anger. 10 Yea. the ty. with the Angirases. that slaughters Vrtra. Indra. Both worlds. GLORIFY him whose might is all-surpassing. the floods' great swell encompassed and obstructed. Strong One! Tvastar turned for thee. wherewith thou crushedst the boasting Dragon. Indra. poured forth three great vessels to him. a mighty marvel. and for food and riches.5 Gladdened whereby. thou gavest splendour to the Sun and Morning. Indra. 11 He dressed a hundred buffaloes. be ours upon the day of trial. who made these worlds. Mothers from old time ofholy Order. the Strong. for thee whom all accordant Maruts strengthen. 12 Thou settest free the rushing wave of waters. who never groweth old. thee well-armed Hero with thy bolt of thunder. whose Sons are Gods. Pusan Visnu. the Mighty. young. He. 13 So may our new prayer bring thee to protect us. 9 Yea. Indra Indra. 6 Thou with thy wisdom. the victory-giver. 14 So. smote down within his lair the assailing Dragon. power. the Bull of men. Along steep slopes their course thou tumedst. and works of wonder. thou shookest from its seat. high thyself. for glory.

with glory and with riches and with valour. his art and magic. no counterpart. Agni. hast tamed the Dasyus. Thou. Indra crushed Cumuri. 8 Stranger to guile. . loudly roaring. thine. alone. hath made all races of mankind his subjects. No foe hath he. Champion. thou alone. paths that bring ample strength.the Mighty Victor. who ne'er was false or faithless. 2 He. of the mighty. O thou Most Splendid. 9 With saving might that must be praised and lauded. Son of Strength. He. showing his power in the great fight with Vrtra. the Thunderer must he moved and sped to battle. of the strong. thine the Conquering Victor. Pipru. hath far surpassed all human generations. He must be called to give us seed and offspring. no refuge is there from him the Conqueror full of wisdom 13 This day the deed that thou hast done is famous. when thou. thy strength is. 5 Be this our ancient bond of friendship with you and with Angirases here who speak of Vala. with name that lives for ever. Come. In thy right hand hold fast thy bolt of thunder. 4 For true. Most Mighty. the resplendent. ascend thy car to smite down Vrtra. hath his home with splendour. In this. from earth is bruited forth the greatness of him the firm. bearing a name that may be well remembered. Indra? Declare it at the proper season. thine hero exploit. Wondrous. singly thou hast subdued the people for the Arya. Indra. as the dart burns the dry forest. I deem. Thou who with high deep-reaching spear hast broken. hast covered over mischief and destroyed it. O Indra. Bounteous Lord. Warrior. great destroyer. 12 From heaven. Who whirls the dust on high. by thousand paths come hither. impetuous. 11 With wealth. Hero. most heroic. 7 He in his might. 10 As Agni. o'er whom. didst smite him in his fresh strength. that their castles fell in ruin. for him. Invoked of many! the godless hath no power to keep thee distant. thine the Mighty. Lord of battles. Strong. the Mighty. Sambara. driver of the churl to acts of bounty. like the dread shaft burn down the fiends. 3 Thou. oerthrower. O Most Potent. Shaker of things firm. or is it not. and Susna. thine. and force his doors and castles. and weaken. 6 With holy thoughts must he be called. Dhuni. the fiery.

his praises. wealth-giver. without reproach. Wherewith by thee assisted and triumphant. Indra. by thine assistance. and boldly didst deliver Turvayana. bestow on us the power heroic skilled and exceeding strong. 3 Stretch out those hands of thine. 8 Indra. fain for strength. Do what thou ne'er hast done. He. thou great Subduer! All splendid vigorous powers of men vouchsafe us. Youthful. the Lofty. Lord of Bay Steeds. the deathless Gods acknowledge it.with many thousand others Laidest low Kutsa. 2 The bowl made Indra swift to gather booty.Free from all blame. be they kin or stranger. the wisest of the Sages. 15 This power of thine both heaven and earth acknowledge. Undecaying. unwasting in his powers. In him unite all paths that lead to riches. who lieth hidden with his Heroes. doubled in vastness. 7 Bring us. hero-like controlling men is Indra. Him who hath waxed by strength which none may conquer. like rivers that commingle with the ocean. 4 Now. that wins the booty. strong through Soma. before us. turned to us. grown mighty in its strength. and even at once grown to complete perfection. that they may make us joyful. O God. extend to us-ward thy wide capacious arms. Wherewith. he hath been decked by those who serve him. 6 Bring unto us the mightiest might. we may laud thee in gaining seed and offspring. let us invite your Indra hither. the High. thou gavest freedom to sore-afflicted Heaven and to the people. O Indra. Like as the household herdsman guards the cattle. Atithigva. of old. strong and most potent force. Ayu. uninjured. all Gods were joyful when thou slewest Ahi. and grant us glory. 5 With steadfast laws. When lauded for thyself. we may conquer our foes in battle. he hath much fair and precious food to feed us. . from above us or below us. HYMN XIX. 1. 9 Let thine heroic strength come from behind us. GREAT. so move thou round about us in the combat. e'en as were those who sang. 14 In thee. hath grown to hero vigour: broad. wide. O Mighty Worker: beget a new hymn at thy sacrifices. O Hero. thy friendly rapturous joy that wins the battle. O Indra.

Indra. Thou. Slaying both kinds of foe.From every side may it approach us. 1. as heaven o'ertops the earth. wealth. Give us the glory of the realm of splendour. Mighty. King. with thy great might hast shattered Pipru's strong forts who knew the wiles of serpents. 10 With most heroic aid from thee. in slumber. whose strength hath waxed. 5 What time the thunder fell and Susna perished. the Celestial Ruler. And greedy Susna's magical devices nor left he any of their food remaining. free-giving Indra. He guarded Nam. art Lord of earthly. O Hero.. helped by thee. O Indra. the Panis f1ed. 11 The Bull. Indra. all life's support from the great Druh was taken. thunder-armed. GIVE us wealth. When thou. to thee. Strong. addressed with prayer and perfect in his splendour. heavenly treasure: vouchsafe us riches vast. for sons and kine and waters. HYMN XX. Victor. sublime. he wrenched the head from Namuci the Dasa. may we win wealth by deeds glory. Impetuous! leagued with Visnu. and sated him with food. be happy. Lord of the bolt that breaketh forts in pieces. 7 Thou. may we. o'ercomes our foes in battle Wealth that brings thousands and that wins the corn-lands. whom Maruts follow. Thou gavest to thy worshipper Rjisvan imperishable Wealth. when he gained the sunlight. 'neath a hundred blows. became the King of the sweet juice of Soma. 12 Give up the people who are high and haughty to these men and to me. all Asura sway was by the Gods entrusted. the victory-giver. like heroes Indra. for wise Dasoni. and lasting. with ample riches. slewest Vrtra the Dragon who enclosed the waters. Mightier than the mighty. 2 Even as the power of Dyaus. while the light was won. O Bounteous . all-conquering. Son of Strength! that vanquishes the foeman. Indra. God invoked of many! may we be victors over every foeman. and riches. that with might. 13 Through these thy friendships. him let us call to grant us new protection. O Thunder-wielder! Therefore upon the earth do we invoke thee. success. 3 Indra. 6 As the Hawk rent for him the stalk that gladdens. Sayya's son. where heroes win. Indra. 4 There. Indra made room for his car-drivcr Kutsa who sate beside him.

Bethink thee now of these. roaring Indra. forced near as 'twere to glorify the Mother. known to all men. and Tugra speedily with all his servants. honoured with songs. surpasseth the magnitude of earth. Hath Indra. 3 He hath made pathways. 8 The crafty Vetasu. in safety broughtest Turvasa and Yadu. have served thee. . O Hero. as the car-seat an archer: yoked at a word they bear the lofty Indra. 9 Resistless. with the hosts he battles. 11 Favouring Usana the son of Kavi. throughout the darkness that extended pathless. O Indra. thy friends of ancient time. with their sacrifices. thou active Worker. their shelter. O Indra. Thou gavest Navavastva. thou wast his ancient strengthener. He mounts his Bays. and wishes? What priest among them all? what hymn. 13 This Indra. as a present. What time. Eternal: by eloquence men gain abundant riches. o'er the sea thou broughtest. born of old. extolled with hymns at sacrifices. poured Soma. Mortals who yearn to worship ne'er dishonour. 2 I praise that Indra. the swift Dasni. was thy work in war: thou sentest Dhuni and Cumuri to sleep and slumber. Whose majesty.Giver. thy Law who art Immortal. where is that Indra? among what tribes? what people doth he visit? What sacrifice contents thy mind . and heaven in greatness. 1. That thou hast wrecked seven autumn forts. 10 May we. dressed oblations. to the great father gavest back his grandson. gladdening with strong assistance. 4 And he who did these things. and worshipped with fuel. drovest on the waters that made a roaring sound like rushing rivers. with the Sun to aid him. gain by thy new favour: so Parus laud thee. Indra. Dabhiti lit the flame for thee. rich in wondrous arts. Hymns call anew the chariot-borne. slain Dasa tribes and aided Purukutsa. here were they who. O Hero. HYMN XXI. Invoked of many! the midmost and the recent. bearing in both his arms the Vrtraslaying thunder. O Mighty God. 12 Thou. hymns. O Indra? 5 Yea. THESE the most constant singer's invocations call thee who art to be invoked. Visvedevas.

to make us joyful. Pusan and Visnu. 12 On good and evil ways be thou our Leader. Beside thee there is nonelike thee. while urging him to show his might. Bring power to us. broad-backed. with thy Horses. have gained thy former old traditions. 6 Inquiring after him. for our protection. Indra. victorious. and the Maruts. For thou wast aye our fathers' Friend aforetime. thy later servants. 2 Our sires of old. rich. Strong Subduer. What is thy share and portion. Indra. 3 We seek that Indra to obtain his riches that bring much food. Immortal! 11 Now to my words come quickly thou who knowest. Lord of Bay Steeds. true. sages seven. cherishing the singer. and full of wisdom. the Mighty One. with all who claim our worship. Steeds that are best to draw. extolled him. Indra. whose tongue is Agni. and men. Asura-slayer. O Indra. Hero. 1. and the Plants and Mountains. 8 Hear. brave Champion! drive it backward. thou who art known to all as Path-preparer. swift. Mitra . O Son of Strength. Varuna. With thine own ancient friend and companion. celestial wealth. invoked of . Savitar also. Navagvas. Who visit sacred rites. still swift to listen to their supplication. Hero. the thunderbolt. O Indra. and in his thoughts most mighty. Gods who made Manu stronger than the Dasyu. 4 Tell thou us this.and the youngest. Hear. we praise thee as great for that wherein we know thee mighty. smiting down opponents. guileless in word. The Lord. abundant. the invoker's invocation. and store of heroes. 9 Bring to our help this day. Dwelling on heights. 7 The demon's strength is gathered fast against thee: great as that strength hath grown. undecaying. Agni and Purandhi. HYMN XXII. if at thy hand aforetime the earlier singers have obtained good fortune. of manly vigour. when invoked. Bring us. unwearied. Hero. the prayer of this thy present beadsman. too. WITH these my hymns I glorify that Indra who is alone to be invoked by mortals.. go forth to meet it. to whom the prayer is brought. 10 The singers here exalt with hymns and praises thee who art very Mighty and Most Holy.

Or when thou. Who sends a song effectual. bearing in thine arms the thunder. at laud. Indra. O Indra. craving.many? 5 He who for car-borne Indra. 11 Come with thy team which brings all blessings hither. of earthly creatures thou art the King. He gives the hero room who pours oblations. at prayer. Helper and mighty Guide of him who sings his praises. accepts our praise and hears . thou comest. THOU art attached to pressed-out Soma. with thought-swift Parvata. gives us cattle. Strengthen therewith the Arya's hate and Dasa's. thou by this art hast shattered. in ancient manner. fluent. O Bull. 8 Thou for the people who oppress hast kindled the earthly firmament and that of heaven. 9 Of all the Heavenly Folk. Indra. boundless. Or when with yoked Bays. 4 E'en humble rites with his Bay steeds he visits: he wields the bolt. vast and exhaustless for the foe's subduing. 1. conduct us o'er all places hard to traverse. grasp die thunder: Eternal! thou destroyest all enchantments. faithful Leader. muchinvoked. And. hath a hymn. Thou whom no fiend. O Indra. HYMN XXIII. no God can stay or hinder. armed with thunder. In thy right hand. O Indra. drinks Soma. 10 Give us confirmed prosperity. and strength-bestowing. the strongest Ancient One. exceeding holy. With heat. come swittly with these Steeds in my direction. while the strong one feared. 6 Strong of thyself. 7 Him will we fit for you with new devotion. Indra. firmly-grasping. 2 Or when on that decisive day thou holpest the presser of the juice at Vrtra's slaughter. Mightiest! roaring! boldly rent in pieces things that were firmly fixed and never shaken. He makes the valiant rich in store of heroes. and when the hymn is chanted. on every side consume them: heat earth and flood for him who hates devotion. deeply-piercing. 3 Let Indra drink the pressed-out Soma. the daring Dasyus. Maghavan. O God of splendid aspect. Disposer. undaunted. he comes near the mighty. and let the arms of Nahusas be mighty. and treasure even to the lowly singer. gavest to death. So may that Indra. him who waxed against thee.

the singer's calling. 10 While Soma flowed. so that our prayer may streng. 6 Thou hast made prayer the means of thine exalting. That Indra may become the singer's patron and give him wealth in every kind of treasure. 2 He. Somadrinker! bring thee. extolled in holy synod. King of songs. 5 What he hath longed for we have brought to Indra. HYMN XXIV. with far-reaching aid. 1. he gives strength. And may this hymn and these our invocations turn thee. victorious Hero. by the pressed Soma. and laud him. 5 One act to-day. 7 Mark well our sacrificial cake. whom many men invoke. Praise of Men. delighted Indra. Varuna. who from the days of old hath done us service. Indra. May we. drink Soma and the milk commingled. O Indra. 8 O Mighty One. STRONG rapturous joy. 3 The lofty axle of thy wheels. Like bonds of cord. O Indra. your bounteous Indra with the Soma. therefore we wait on thee with hymns. hears. mid the Bharadvajas. is not surpassed by heaven and earth in greatness. replenish duly your own. O Hero. Let these our sacrifices reach and find thee. he quaffs the juice of Soma: That Maghavan whom men must laud with singing. Invoked of many manifold aids spring forth from thee. blissful sweet refreshment. to help us. are like the paths of kine converging homeward. Will it not aid him to support us? Indra. glory are with Indra: impetuous God. whose help is lasting. endowed with vigour. Strong. Excellent. then Indra's vigour. thus Indra hath been lauded. Here have we Mitra. be joyful as thou willest. with sacrifice. when thejuices flow. the bard's Supporter. 4 Strong Lord. the singer call him. Like branches of a tree. most wise. spares him who sheds the juice to win his favour. thine energies. Heaven-dweller. 9 Friends. While Soma flows we will sing hymn. Here on the sacrificer's grass be seated: give ample room to thy devoted servant. no bonds are they. Indra. that bind the younglings. praise. O thou of boundless bounty. Friend of man. and Pusan to overcome the foeman's . Ruler of nobles. another act tomorrow oft Indra makes what is not yet existeni.

8 Extolled. When two opposing hosts contend in battle for seed and offspring. come hither and protect him. glorified by the lauds and hymns that praise him. and drive in headlong flight our foemen backward. from injury preserve him. At home. High mountains are as level plains to Indra: even in the deep he finds firm ground to rest on. unreluctant. Strong God! in battle that subdues our foemen. Thou far surpassest all these living creatures. and check the opponent's wrath. no hero. With these chase all our foes to every quarter: subdue the tribes of Dasas to the Arya. WITH thine assistance. as horses rush tobattle. nor to the bold incited by the Dasyu. no brave.Great with those aids and by these powers support us. 7 That Indra whom nor months nor autumn seasons wither with age.Still may his body Wax. with these fair lauds they seek thee. give strengthening food. what time the gloom of night brightens to morning. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. when bright in arms they range them for the combat. or corn-lands. abroad. be they kin or be they strangers. Stand up erect to help us. 4 With strength of limb the hero slays the hero. O theme of song. O thou Mighty Indra. he bends not to the strong. Urging thy might.domination. waters. 5 Yet no strong man hath conquered thee. O Indra. Not one of these is match for thee. thou drinker of the juices. HYMN XXV. O Indra. as from a mountain's ridge. be it the least. or the highest. O Indra. 1. the midmost. no warrior trusting in his valour. 9 Impetuous Speeder through all depth and distance. 2 With these discomfit hosts that fight against us. kine.Strike thou their manly strength that it be feeble. 6 By song and sacrifice men brought the waters from thee. thyself uninjured. keep him from harm when he is here. 6 He is the Lord of both these armies' valour when the commanders call them to the conflict: When with their ranks expanded they are fighting with a great foe or for a . 10 Hasting to help. the steadfast. e'en now so mighty. O Indra. Indra. nor fleeting days enfeeble. 3 Those who array themselves as foes to smite us.

4 The lofty battle-car thou broughtest forward. son of warrior sire. kindly giving Raji to Pithinas. O Hero. given by Gods for victory in battle. in slaying foemen and in gaining riches. thy best beloved. Indra. HYMN XXVI. who praised thee. yea. and e'en now. slewest with might. hear us. Indra. the chiefs who have installed us priests. we call on thee to win us mighty valour. at morn may we find thee with favour. and madest Tuji strong. to please Dabhiti. with the liberal chiefs. 8 To thee for high dominion hath been for evermore. at once. Best be Pratardani. O Indra. thy manliest of our friends. 2 The warrior. O INDRA. Indra. he looks when fighting hand to hand for cattle. and protector. When. 3 Thou didst impel the sage to win the daylight. didst ruin Susna for the pious Kutsa. 9 So urge our hosts together in the combats: yield up the godless bands that fight against us. and with strange aids didst succour Divodasa. thou sentest Cumuri to his sleep. Give us strong succour on the day of trial. at this holy invocation. 8 So may we he thy friends. 7 And when the people stir themselves for battle. Slewest the Dasa Sambara of the mountain. what time thou rentest a hundred thousand fighting foes. we Bharadvajas. the fiends' subduer. O Indra. to gain great strength that may be won as booty: To thee. the brave man's Lord. thou holpest Dasadyu the strong when fighting. the sixty thousand. O Holy Indra. . And theirs. Thou. Singing. the pious. O Indra. the triplystrong Defender. when the tribes gather on the field of battle. All lordly power and might. Mightiest! Hero-girt! Nahusa heroes boast them in thee. Indra. The invulnerable demon's head thou clavest when thou wouldst win the praise of Atithigva.home with heroes. 5 Thou madest good the laud. be thou their saviour. Raining down the Soma. 7 May I too. for slaughtering the Vrtras. 1. 6 Made glad with Soma-draughts and faith. acquire thy blin supreme and domination. invokes thee. Along with Vetasu thou slewest Tugra. illustrious ruler.

whose two red Steers. Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha. and yield through many morns their milk for Indra. Increasing ever more and ever more his wealth. gave the Vrcivans up to Daivavata. like bursting vessels went to their destruction. I. and gives him more thereto. falling before the arrow. 2 Indra aids him who offers sacrifice and gifts: he takes not what is his. twenty oxen. he makes the pious dwell within unbroken bounds. . mailed. in quaffing or in friendship with. 6 Three thousand.HYMN XXVII. HYMN XXVIII. The master of the Kine lives many a year with these. many-coloured. No one hath seen that might of thine. O Maghavan. Abhydvartin Cayamdna. At Hariyupiya he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans. wherewith thou slewest Varasikha's children. in quest of fame. and. their boldest was demolished. The liberal Sovran. When by the force of thy descending thunder. with damsels. O much-sought Indra. 4 This one great power of thine our eyes have witnessed. to aid him. His truth is the delight that in this chamber the men of old and recent times have tasted. together. THE Kine have come and brought good fortune: let them rest in the cowpen and be happy near us. 8 Two wagon-teams. and the rear fled frighted. O Agni. Cows. giveth me. we know not. 5 In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana. faithful in quaffing. the Cows whereby he pours his gifts and serves the Gods. no robber ever injures them: no evil-minded foe attempts to harass them. Here let them stay prolific. 7 He. productive of bounty every day renewed. the Soma? What joys have men of ancient times or recent obtained within the chamber of libation? 2 In its wild joy Indra hath proved him faithful. Indra. on the Yavyavati. seeking goodly pasture. Gave Turvasa to Srnjaya. faithful in its friendship. 3 These are ne'er lost. plying their tongues move on 'twixt earth and heaven. O Indra. know not the riches of thy full abundance. This guerdon of Prthu's seed is hard to win from others. Vrcivan's sons. 3 All thy vast power. at the mere solund. 1 WHAT deed hath Indra done in the wild transport.

are yoked ready for the journey. Your power is glorified in our assemblies. as 'twere. 7 Crop goodly pasturage and be prolific drink pure sweet water at good drinking places. which by its greatness sundered earth and heaven. and never to the shambles do they take their way. 5 To me the Cows seem Bhaga. ye with auspicious voices. golden-visored Hero. they seem a portion of the first-poured Soma. shown forth in might unequalled. Never be thief or sinful man your matter. they seem Indra. the Thunder-wielder: worship him. men closely cling. thunder-armed. the cattle of the pious worshipper. in guerdon. I long for Indra with my heart and spirit. his Horses. and make the unlovely beautiful tolook on. smite down the many Vrtras and the Dasyus. HYMN XXX. . These the Prince filleth full with strong endeavour. the Stallions. with thy hero might. 8 Now let this close admixture be close intermigled with these Cows. These Cows. they. Prosper my house. Great and Kind. with help his flocks to waters. extolling Indra chief favourites of Gods. 6 So be the lofty Indra prompt to listen. and drivers stand on his golden chariot firmly stationed. 5 No limit of thy might hath been appointed. thou hast displayed thee like an active dancer. rich. Indra. Yea. Mixt with the Steer's prolific flow. 1. through thy strength. to win his favour. O ye Indra. roam over widespread pasture where no danger is. Indra. Robed in a garment fair as heaven to look on. recite their praises. YOUR men have followed Indra for his friendship.4 The charger with his dusty brow o'ertakes them not. and for his lovingkindness glorified him. driving. ye fatten e'en the worn and wasted. By which the men who pray. 2 Him to whose hand. 4 That Soma when effused hath best consistence. 3 Thy devotees embrace thy feet for glory. and. With his firm arms he holds the reins. for which the food is dressed and grain is mingled. and may the dart of Rudra still avoid you. Bold. These present Cows. 6 O Cows. Helper unaided. For he bestows great wealth. so may he. HYMN XXIX Indra.

SOLE Lord of wealth art thou. Strong. 4 Thou smotest to the ground the hundred castles. most plentiful and auspicious. when. O Indra. shake and tremble. Like men who sit at meat the mountains settled: by thee. he bestoweth treasures. 5 Indra. engendering at once Sun. none else is like thee. . alone. though naught may move them. Indra! Men have invoked thee with contending voices for seed and waters. HYMN XXXII Indra. and every day the Sun became apparent. 4 This is the truth. O Lord of riches: thou in thine hands hast held the people. 1. 2 Yea. for their floods thou clavest passage. true Hero. When. thou distant Roamer. HYMN XXXI Indra. bane of crops. and the firmness of the mountain. Eternal. with might thou holpest Divodasa who poured libations out. Heaven. impregnable. and. 1. 3 E'en now endures thine exploit of the Rivers. O Brave and Manly. of all that liveth.1. O Soma-buyer. of Sambara the Dasyu. Indra. the mountain. 5 As such. spread among men my glory. no mortal. Near and afar he spread and set the regions. for great joy of battle mount thy terrific car. Thou slewest Ahi who besieged the waters. and Morning. Indra transcendeth both the worlds in greatness: one half of him equalleth earth and heaven. thou breakest up the floods and portals on all sides. In the close fray thou rentest him: thou stolest the Sun's wheel and didst drive away misfortunes. INDRA hath waxed yet more for hero prowess. 2 Through fear of thee. Indra! thou didst conquer Susna. and the forest. all the regions of earth. Indra. mighty I esteem his Godlike nature: none hindereth what he hath once determined. Come with thine help to me. glorious God. I WITH my lips have fashioned for this Hero words never matched. Most Wise! the regions were made steadfast. in fight for cattle. progeny and sunlight. no God superior to thee. All that is firm is frightened at thy coming. voracious. -the earth. and madest Bharadvaja rich who praised thee. and lettest loose the streams to hurry seaward. Thou art the King of men. the heaven. 3 With Kutsa.

sped by his Coursers. now and for the future. 5 Be ours. Indra. incessant and exhaustless. singing. prosper and aid us. HYMN XXXIV. hath swiftly won the waters from the southward. 2 For with loud voice the tribes invoke thee. Lover of song! Steer! for the people's welfare. O Hero. Great. 5 Indra with rush and might. and quells the Vrtras and the foes in battle. O Indra. hast pierced through the Panis: the charger whom thou aidest wins the booty. and many a noble thought from thee proceedeth. have yearned for Indra. win many cattle on the day of trial. in the fray. with abundant vigour and plenteous strength to him who sings thy praises. GIVE us the rapture that is mightiest. we invoke thee. he burst the mountain.For him the Ancient. be graciously inclined and near to help us. Strong. both the Arya and the Dasa. with the Sun he brightened the Parents: glorified. to aid them in the battlefield of heroes. 3 Famed for great deeds. When. in war's division. a Friend with friends. 3 Both races. Thou. most manly Chieftain! 4 Indra. And. the very mighty Wielder of the Thunder. Come hither. befriend us with no scanty succour. the Fort-destroyer. sheltered by the Mighty. Indra. FULL Many songs have met in thee. 2 Amid the sages. roaring with the holy-thoughted singers. Hast thou struck down like woods with well-shot lightnings: thou rentest them in fight. And broken down the forts. prompt to bestow and swift to aid. Loved of all that liveth. a Sage among the sages. their holy hymns and lauds. he loosed the bond that held the beams of Morning. . 4 Come with thy girthed mares. That wins with brave steeds where brave steeds encounter. Now and of old the eulogies of sages. Thus may we. 1. Energetic. borne by mares with many heroes. O Indra. fighting for the sunlight. of opposing foemen. O Hero. Indra. with the singers. he still hath conquered in the frays for cattle. Thus set at liberty the rivers daily flow to their goal. O Hero. Indra. 1. Indra. HYMN XXXIII. with priests who kneel and laud him.

our gifts at sacrifice have still refreshed him. 5 To him this mighty eulogy. bim whom no prayers and no laudations trouble. Send food to swell the milch-cow good at milking: bright be its shine among the Bharadvajas. and when wilt thou enrich our hymns with booty? 2 When wilt thou gatber men with men. O Indra. on to hero valour. heroes with heroes. so. when wilt thou. foe destroyer Him who gives pure gifts may I praise unceasing. the offered Soma yearns to mix with Indra. That in the great encounter with the foemen. and come to offerings that bring wealth in cattle? 4 Grant to the Singer food with store of cattle. quicken the Angirases by devotion. bold. splendid with horses and the fame of riches. THY raptures ever were for all men's profit: so evermore have been thine earthly riches. Sage. Like water brought to men in desert places. Loved of all life. and prevail in combat? Thou shalt win triply kine in frays for cattle. laud him who loves the song their praise delights him. WHEN shall our prayers rest in thy car beside thee? When dost thou give the singer food for thousands? When wilt thou clothe this poet's laud with plenty. thou Most Mighty. invoked of many. . since among Gods thou hast had power and Godhead. 2 Men have obtained his strength by sacrificing. Indra may guard and help us. make the prayer allsustaining for the singer? When wilt thou yoke. praised of many. 5 Lead otherwise this present foeman. Like a car harnessed for some great achievement. as we yoke songs. Indra. and ever urged him. alone is glorified at sacrifices. Indra must be the cause of our rejoicing. HYMN XXXVI. O Indra. Sakra! Hence art thou praised as Hero. HYMN XXXV. give thou us celestial glory. 1. 1. to Indra hath this our laud been uttered by the poets. Thou still hast been the dealer-forth of vigour.2 He. 3 Yea. 3 They make their way to Indra and exalt him. thy Horses. For when a hundred or a thousand singers. 4 As brightness mingles with the Moon in heaven. Indra. Indra.

as heaven girds earth. thy feastcompanions. prosper. For thou art Lord of men. Bold One! partest wealth among the nobles. so. thou removest sorrow. as teams of horses. For thee. and. O mighty Indra. 5 Hear what thou mayst hear. manly might. HYMN XXXVIII. 2 The speaker filleth with a cry to Indra his ears who cometh nigh e'en from a distance. 4 Supreme. guardest thy servant's treasure. when we serve the Gods. Most Marvellous. fain for worship. 1. Celestial King of the strong draught of Soma. of excellent and brightlyshining riches. joying in power. he stirs this man to give the guerdon. 1. Indra. O Thunderer. 5 Indra is hewho gives enduring vigour: may our songs magnify the God Most Mighty.Wherewith. without an equal: of all the world thou art the only Sovran. 3 Bringing us hitherward all-potent Indra on well-wheeled chariot. yoked. May Indra drink of this. help. LET thy Bay Horses. and ne'er may Vayu's Amrta cease and fail him. let flow the spring. O Indra. and purified proceed directly forward. 2 Forth to the vat the brown drops flow for service. our holy songs reach him the Comprehensive. Best Vrtra-slayer be the Hero Indra these things he gives as Prince. strong with praises. with strong endeavour. HYMN XXXVII Indra. and vigour follow Indra. May this my call bring Indra to my presence. As rivers reach the sea. HE hath drunk hence. e'en the poor invoketh: may we this day. the Heavenly. this call to Gods composed in . and carried away our great and splendid call on Indra. Tlat thou mayst be our own. famed through thy might in every generation. the impetuous Charger they furnished power even for Vrtra's slaughter. bring thy car hither fraught with every blessing. 4 Lauded by us. accepteth song yet more famous and the gifts we bring him.For the rein-seizing. most efficacious of the princes. may the Steeds who bear him Convey him on the road direct to glory. The Bounteous.-Indra. thou who. our guest aforetime. 3 Associate with him.

By Law he lighted up the host of Mornings. Him have they stablished as the days' bright ensign. He made the Mornings to be born in splendour. O Indra. Begin the song. praised. Powerful. forests. juice is shed to make thee joyful: loose thy Bay Steeds and give thy friends their freedom. OF this our charming. and waxen strongfor bounty and for glory. whom sacrifice shall strengthen. wise.sacred verses. 4 He shone and caused to shme the worlds that shone not. best to draw. at morning and at evening. 2 Craving the kine. 5 Him. Soma. and autumns. Mighty One for power and rapture. HYMN XXXIX Indra. Soma pressed. O Indra. 3 This Indu lighted darksome nights. with holyminded comrades. He broke the never-broken ridge of Vala. and kine. 3 The fire is kindled. and steeds. seated in our assembly. For prayer and songs in him are concentrated: let laud wax mighty when addressed to Indra: 4 Indra. The men. and song and hymn. 5 Now. Give strength for sacrifice to him who singeth. Indra. O singer. the pressing-stones. With words of might Indra subdued the Panis. us and to quell our foemen. contenting men with nave that finds the sunlight. invite to aid. Priest. herbs that have no poison. with inspired devotion. throughout the years. Of this thy close attendant. O Ancient King! fill thou the singer with plenteous food that he may deal forth treasures. He moves with Steeds yoked by eternal Order. Great. rushing against the mountain led on by Law. eloquent. the waters have made this Soma ready for thy drinking. thou drankest. 3 Him have I sung with my best song and praises. DRINK. send the singer food with milk to grace it. God. . will we to-day. our celestial Soma. Indra whom days shall strengthen. the cows. 2 Drink thou of this whereof at birth. Whom Dawns shall strengthen when the night departeth. and men. O Indra: let thy Bays. HYMN XL. born for conquering might in full perfection. to him who lauds thee. months. hast thou drunken. Indra of ancient birth and Everlasting. Indra 1. and praises and devotion. 1. Give waters.

the Soma. I invoke thee. strikes this foe and that. with thy team. ye come before the God. 3 What time. As cattle seek their home. for India.Indra. Listen and hear the prayers which now we offer. Thence. present or absent. 4 Soma when pressed excels the unpressed Soma. for one who knows. guard us among our people. this that is thine of old. The Wanderer who comes with speed. 4 Indra. so Thunderwielder. wherewith thou ever drinkest streams of sweetness. accordant with the Maruts. Indra. the Hero ever in the van. O Victor replenish all thy powers with this libation. Will he not keep us safely from the spiteful curse of each presumptuous high-born foe? . the Adhvaryu standeth up before thee: let thy spoil-winning thunderbolt attend thee. Omniscient. 4 To him. BRING sacrificial gifts to him. Come. thou Strong Supporter. COME gracious to our sacrifice. Drink thou. come. O Indra. on the day of trial. hath been made ready for the Bull. HYMN XLII. for our great prosperity approach us. to him give offerings of the juice expressed. to give him pleasure. and let this sacrifice increase thy vigour. wheresoe'er thou dwellest. Rejoice thee. 2 With that well-formed most wide-extending palate. 1. Satakratu! in the juices guard us in wars. for he longs to drink. Drink this. first of those who claim our worship. come hither: evermore thou camest through our great strong desire to drink the Soma. Song-lover! guard our sacrifice. better. 5 We call on thee. to Indra with the drops effused. and. With mind devoted.convey thee hither. O Indra: come thou hither: sufficient be the Soma for thy body. 2 With Soma go ye nigh to him chief drinker of the Soma's juice: With beakers to the Impetuous God. Bold One. with Soma. Adhvaryu! yea. 5 Mayst thou. to help us. 1. Full wise he knows the hope of each. steer-strong and omniform. HYMN XLL Indra. 3 This drop. Come to this sacrifice of ours. with the juice effused. Lord of the Bays. Indra. thy food for ever. O Indra: pressed Soma-drops are purified to please thee.

liberal Indra. O Indra drink! 3 In whose wild joy thou settest free the kine held fast within the rock. Wealthy God in splendoursmost illustrious. like songs. the Lord of bounty swift to come. He conquered. O Indra drink! HYMN XLIV. borne by strong all-shaking mares. as bestowing wealth of hymns. he. and showed forth treasure from the Gods. Him whom our songs increase in strength. 9 Bestow on us the most illustrious strength ward off men's manifold malignities. This Soma is pressed out for thee. 4 Him for your sake I glorify as Lord of Strength who wrongeth none. THAT which is wealthiest. in whose juice delighting thou gainest the might of Maghavan. Indra 1. 6 To seat your Indra. and aid us graciously in gaining riches. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. 10 We turn to thee as Giver. Full many a boon hast thou for men demolish those who present no gifts nor pour oblations. both Heaven and Earth. No friend among mankind have we to lookto: why have men called thee him who spurs the niggard? 11 Give us not up. Winning through hymns a lofty title. Indra! libation's Lord! is this. 2 Effectual. God of all the tribes. and conquerest with thy proper aids. O Indra: drink! 4 This. revere the power and might of him. shed from the points. so rich. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. I will spread abroad with power this song of praise. thou guardest in the midst and end. Indra. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. Give with thy might abundant vital force. 7 A recent Friend. 1. The saving succours that abide in him. extend and grow. Indra! libation's Lord! is this.HYMN XLIII. Lord of the Bay Steeds. be not thou ungracious. the Lovely. The Hero Indra. Indra! libation's Lord! is this. This Soma is pressed out for thee. made his beauteous form apparent. . Most Bounteous. 8 In course of Law the sapient juice was quaffed: the Deities to glory turned their mind. befriendest. O Indra: drink! 2 Whose gladdening draught. he found the skilful priest: he drank. This Soma is pressed out for thee. Strong Hero! to the hungry: unharmed be we whom thou. 5 Those Goddesses. This Soma is pressed out for thee. Most Effectual One! thine. conquering all. and was with far-spread power his friends' Protector. IN whose wild joy thou madest once Sambara Divodasa's prey. 3 Wherewith thou art increased in strength.

13 Adbyaryu. for the strong exciting potion. 14 In the wild joy of this hath Indra. with Indra for ally. O Indra. of the singing Rsis. held fast the Pani. strong of jaw.12 As Indra thundering impels the rain-clouds. speeding hither. the bard's Supporter. juice pleasant. 15 May Indra drink this Soma poured to please him. 17 Therewith enraptured. when first he had his being. Soma of juices shed by mighty press-stones. 23 The Dawns he wedded to a glorious Consort. Hero. O Bull. O Indra. Proclaim aloud to him the savoury Soma so that the Hero. Those who still aim their hostile darts to smite us. Steeds with strong chariot and strong reins to hold them. 20 Beside the vat. may drink it. Thou art of old the Cherisher of singers let not the rich who bring no gifts deceive thee. bearing thunder. struck down resistless Vrtras. shining with holy oil. Bull of the rivers. 19 Let thy Bay Stallions. and set within the Sun the light that lights him. and keep far from us hatred and affliction. the Strong and Mighty. bring thee hither. and cheered therewith slay Vrtra with his thunder. slay our foemen. with might. they bring to thee. set thou our princes on thy side. harnessed. the Bull of heaven. That it may cheer the God to gracious favour. good lover of our songs. well-harnessed. To him exalted by the hymns and praises. Come to our sacrifice even from a distance. Indra. the unfriendly. like waves exulting. knowing full many a form. 21 Thou art the Bull of earth. Strong God! stand thy strong Horses. sweet to drink. Bull of standing waters. That we may gain waters and seed and offspring. Maghavan be they kin or strangers. bring to mighty Indrafor he is King thereof-the pressedout juices. Strong Horses. For thee. turn them to flight. for thine election. the Strong. crush and kill them. so doth he send us store of kine and horses. 22 This God. This Indu stole away the warlike weapons. and foiled the arts of his malignant father. hero. hath Indu swollen. 16 The cup whence Indra drinks the draught is present: the Amrta dear to Indra hath been drunken. ancient and modern. 18 O Indra Maghavan. . in these our battles win easy paths for us and ample freedom.

gives vital power. unbending God! 10 Thee. 15 As skilfullest of those who drive the chariot. a Friend auspicious with thine aid. With that impel our car to speed. listen to our call. Slaughterer of Vrtra. O Conqueror. O Thunder-armed. the threefold Amrta in its close concealment. conquering in the fight. with heroic soul. Indra. Indra. The Brahman who accepts the prayer. Indra. Soma-drinker. 12 With hymns and coursers we will gain. art Guardian and Friend of one and two. 11 Such as thou wast of old. have invoked. who with his trusty guidance led Turvasa. 2 Even to the dull and uninspired Indra. The Hero. through thee. And foil their arts. in the third lucid regions. THAT Indra is our youthful Friend. 16 Praise him who. with our art and aim. Matchless and Alone. thee as such. win the proffered prize. was born the Lord of living men. O Indra. Yea. 4 Friends.He found in heaven. 17 Thou who hast been the singers' Friend. whom men must stir to help. 18 Grasp in thine arms the thunderbolt. As such. 3 Great are his ways of guiding us. destroy the firm forts built by men. 6 Beyond men's hate thou leadest us. the Friend who merits praise. and givest cause to sing thy praise: Good hero art thou called by men. 24 He stayed and held the heaven and earth asunder: the chariot with the sevenfold reins he harnessed. 13 Thou. We. 7 I call with hymns. whatever aid of thine imparts the swiftest course. hast been Great in the contest for the prize. to slay the . and!nanilbld are Ins eulogies: His kind protections never fail. of a man like one of us. and the proffered prize. 8 Him in whose hands they say are stored all treasures from the days of old. 14 Slayer of foes. O Indra. both steeds and spoil Most glorious. 5 Thou. favour us. 1. Caster of the Stone. 9 Lord of Strength. Lover of the Song. HYMN XLV. and art now to be called on when the prize lies ready. Most active. fain for glory. and wins Even with slow steed the offered prize. Yadu from afar. true. sing your psalm and offer praise to him to whom the prayer is brought: For our great Providence is he. as 'twere a cow to milk. O Lord of Power. This Soma Set with power within the milch-kine a spring whose ripe contents ten fingers empty.

swift as the rushing of the wind. 32 He whose good bounty. 33 So all our singers ever praise the pious Brbu's noble deed. praised as mighty. whose hand holds thunder. Muchinvoked. thousandfold. to thee. When he hath listened to our songs. to him your Hero. . the hero's Lord. 24 May he with might unclose for us the cow's stall. kine and chariotsteeds. who speeds the lowly man. Urge thou us on to ample wealth. Indra. HYMN XLVI. Indra. As milch-kine hasten to their young 29 To thee most oft invoked. THAT we may win us wealth and power we poets. O Wonderful. Indra. 30 Nearest and most attractive may our laud. allied with wealth. what time the ' juice is pressed. To please him as a mighty Steer. withholdeth not his gift of power and wealth in kine. chief Lover of the Song. boldly. amid the many singers' rivalry Who beg with all their might for wealth. 2 As such. o'er their highest head. 23 He. Excellent. help thou and prosper us in fight. these our songs have called aloud to thee. 3 We call upon that Indra. 1. call on thee: In war men call on thee. 25 O Indra Satakratu. Chief. 21 So with thy yoked teams satisfy our wish with power and wealth in steeds And cattle. 27 Delight thee with the juice we pour for thine own great munificence: Yield not thy singer to reproach. Suddenly offers as a gift. most active. whosesoe'er it be. Like the wide bush on Ganga's bank. who. O Indra come to thee. 20 For he alone is Lord of all the treasures of the earth: he speeds Hither. Caster of the Stone! Pour on us boldly.fiends: Mayst thou subdue the foemen's host. 26 Hard is thy love to win: thou art a Steer to him who longs for steers: Be to one craving steeds a Steed. ever to be the conqueror's strength. ever slays the foe: Lord of the brave. verily. best to give a thousand liberal gifts. Lord of kine! 22 Sing this. best to give his thousands. Lover of the Song. Most Manly. Him to whom chiefly prayer is brought. in the steed's race-course call on thee. with a thousand powers. 28 These songs with every draught we pour come. 19 I call the ancient Friend. Like mother cows to meet their calves. 31 Brbu hath set himself above the Panis. To which the Dasyu-slayer goes.

mightiest. in the mighty fray thou urgest chargers to their speed. that. be closest guardian of our lives. like falcons. where heroes strain their bodies in the fight. eager for renown. Maghavan. HYMN XLVII. Fully bestow on us. and keep thy dart afar from these. and battered down his . responsive to the urging call. the shelter that our fathers loved. make firm: make our foes easy to subdue. 9 O Indra. thunder-armed. What time the feathered shafts are flying in the air. Wherewith. O Wondrous God. 8 Or. and for life. Etc. yea. in tribes of Nahusas. bring us name and fame. we may subdue our foes in fight. That come like birds attracted to the bait. in the conquering fray. this is good to taste and full of. excellent. and all the splendid fame that the Five Tribes enjoy Bring. Indra. 1. thou forcest men as with a bull. held in by reins in both the driver's hands. All that is weak in us. 2 This sweet juice here had mightiest power to gladden: it boldened Indra when he siaughtered Vrtra. 12 Give us. verily it is strong and rich in flavour. enriching. all manly powers at once. in the furious fray. 10 They who with minds intent on spoil subdue the foe. 7 All strength and valour that is found. thou hast filled full this earth and heaven. 6 We call on thee. Bestow a dwelling-place on the rich lords and me. to succour us. When he defeated Sambara's many onslaughts. grant a happy home. with anger. No one may conquer Indra in the battle when he hath drunken of the draught we offer. Ruler of men. O Indra. Indra. On the uneven road and on a toilsome path. Mighty amid the Gods. 5 O Indra. Excellent God. the arrows with their sharpened points. 11 And now. 13 When.4 Rcisama. YEA. sweetness. fair-visored. O Indra Maghavan who lovest song. boldly attack and smite him down. O King. in Druhyus or in Paru's folk. 14 Speeding like rivers rushing down a steep descent.From these. what vigorous strength in Trksi lay. To us and to our sons give refuge: keep afar all unobserved hostility. Indra. strengthen us: come near and aid us in the fight. Be thou our Helper in the mighty battle fought for sunlight. a triple refuge triply strong. water.

bear us well through peril. 4 This. Vrtra-slayer! Fill thyself full at the mid-day libation. Hero. O Indra. May helpful Indra as our good Preserver drive from us. May Indra Maghavan prosper and bless us. dependent on thee. security. favour us with succour. O Lord of Hundreds! Bring us the best among all sorts of viands: let not the foe's wealth. and guide us on to gain yet goodlier treasure. Lord of all treasures. 5 He found the wavy sea of brilliant colours in forefront of the Dawns who dwell in brightness. 11 Indra the Rescuer. and grant me thy divine protection. and sunlight. and give us wealth. Indra. Indra. to happiness. 6 Drink Soma boldly from the beaker. even from afar. O thou who knowest. thou Treasury of riches. He formed the nectar in three headlong rivers. This Mighty One. 13 May we enjoy the grace of him the Holy. and may we be the lords of hero vigour. yea. 10 Be gracious. 9 Set us on widest chariot-seat. even this. Baffle our foes. Indra invoked of many. with two steeds best to draw. Excellent Guardian. and give us rest and safety.nineand ninety ramparts. the lofty height of heaven. This Sage hath measured out the six expanses from which no single creature is excluded. subdue us. 12 May helpful Indra as our good Protector. in war for treasures. to thee haste songs and prayers and linked verses. Indra the Helper. High. Indra. and lead us on to wealth with careful guidance. 3 This stirreth up my voice when I have drunk it: this hath aroused from sleep my yearning spirit. as our Leader. our foemen. let my days be lengthened: sharpen my thought as 'twere a blade of iron Approve whatever words I speak. Soma supports the wide midair above us. may we dwell in his auspicious favour. 8 Lead us to ample room. O Indra. the Steer begirt by Maruts. Hero who listens at each invocation. 7 Look out for us. 14 Like rivers rushing down a slope. O Indra. Maghavan. hath propped the heavens up with a mighty pillar. are the arms of thee the Mighty: may we betake. us to their lofty shelter. . is he who hath created the breadth of earth. Sakra I call.

hath Prastoka bestowed ten coffers and ten mettled horses. hating the high and haughty. where the waters gather. Rejecting those who disregard his worship. King of both worlds. kine. for this faithful singer. 22 Out of thy bounty. 25 Thus Srnjaya's son honoured the Bharadvajas. 27 Its mighty strength was borrowed from the heaven and earth: its conquering force was brought from sovrans of the wood. yoking to the car the Bay Steeds. ever advancing one and then another. 23 Ten horses and ten treasure-chests. With power. the gift of Atithigva. pays him worship? E'en the rich noble still hath found him mighty. bearing us. hath extended sway. Indra. The Hero slew the meanly-huckstering Dasas. for his Bay Steeds are yoked. water. and manifold libations. 17 He loves no more the men he loved aforetime: he turns and moves away allied with others. Honour with holy gifts the Car like Indra's bolt. Brhaspati. We have received in turn from Divodasa Sambara's wealth. 18 In every figure he hath been the mode: this is his only form for us to look on. Thunderer! like widespread bounty. 24 Ten cars with extra steed to each. though spacious. Who will for ever stand upon the foeman's side. the foremost follow. Indra moves multiform by his illusions. and let thy rider win all spoils of battle. 15 Who lauds him. be firm and strong in body: be. he makes the last precede. 26 Lord of the wood. ten garments as an added gift. drops. recipients of all noble gifts and bounty. These and ten lumps of gold have I received from Divodasa's hand. from place to place. we have reached a country void of pasture the land.Thou gatherest. satisfies him. Indra victorious lives through many autumns. even when our princes sit at ease? 20 Gods. Hath Asvatha to Payu given. as when one moves his feet alternate. the Car bound round with . find a path. 16 Famed is the Hero as each strong man's tamer. those darksome creatures. for the Atharvans hundred cows. was too small to hold us. a brave victorious hero Show forth thy strength. 19 Here Tvastar. Indra protects the men who are his people. compact with straps of leather. 21 Day after day far from their seat he drove them. Indra. Varcin and Sambara. alike. provide in war for cattle. ten times a hundred.

and trees support. never changed by time. 5 He whom floods. close knit to Varuna and Child of Mitra. O Agni. receive. with thy pure brilliancy. very far. yea. and these again bring hither: the War-drum speaks aloud as battle's signal. thou beamest forth with light. and win it for thyself. Shining. make them turn hither to succour us. Guard with a hundred forts thy kindler from distress. 1. drive thou afar. 28 Thou Bolt of Indra. through hundred . He made himself apparent through the gloom by night. 2 The Son of Strength. Our heroes. O Drum. these oblations. Vanguard of the Maruts. O pure God. for is he not our gracious Lord? Let us serve him who bears our gifts. 3 Agni. come together. great Hero. our foemen. Indra. 6 He who hath filled both worlds fult with his brilliant shine. even as a well-beloved Friend. SING to your Agni with each song. who hastens with his smoke to heaven. 31 Drive hither those. 30 Thunder out strength and fill us full of vigour: yea. pure Agni! with a light that never fades. accepting gifts which here we offer. the Red Bull in the darksome nights. 8 Thou art the Lord of house and home of all the tribes. of all tribes of men. shine. He who when rubbed with force is brought to life by men upon the lofty height of earth. Most Youthful One! by Bharadvaja's hand. yea. thunder forth and drive away all dangers. be the saviour of our lives. Give strength. HYMN XLVIII. 4 Thou worshippest great Gods: bring them without delay by wisdom and thy wondrous power. at every sacrifice. 29 Send forth thy voice aloud through earth and heaven. let us praise the Wise and Everlasting God. O God. with wealth. O War-drum. the Red Bull in the darksome nights. Agni and Others. O Agni. In battle may he be our help and strengthener. the vigour of the floods. stones. Kindled. with thy lofty beams. and let the world in all its breadth regard thee. Purifier! splendidly. the offspring of eternal Law. for strength. Drive hence.As such.straps. accordant with the Gods and Indra. winged with horses. Let our car-warriors. beam with thy fair beams brilliantly. drive away misfortune: thou art the Fist of Indra: show thy firmness. shine on us. be triumphant. 7 O Agni. O Godlike Chariot. Come.

Thou art the Charioteer. in thine car. O friends. 12 Who. strength that destroys the Vrtras. all celestial wrath and wickedness of godless men. bright Deity: I fain would speak: Most sinful is our foeman's hate. 20 May the kind excellence of him the Kind. once only once. of earthly wealth: find rest and safety for our seed. 10 With guards unfailing never negligent speed thou our children and our progeny. 14 Your friend like Indra passing wise. is born. Youngest God! and those who make thy singers rich. Let them approach. 13 For Bharadvaja she poured down in days of old The milch-cow yielding milk for all. after this. Let them not snare by day the neck of that Celestial Bird the Sun. 15 Bright as the host of Maruts mighty in their roar. send us thy bounties. O Maruts. or a mortal man's who worships. 16 Haste to me. a sacred name. I praise. May they bring Pusan free from foes. A flawless skin. Mitra and Varuna who make us happy. Whom the impetuous Maruts look upon with love. loud Roarers! be our guide. 18 Uninjured let thy friendship be.winters. 19 For thou art high above mankind. 1. Visvedevas. only once. and make wealth easy to be found. Loose her who never turns away. who moves in splendour on their ways. 9 Wonderful. and food that gives all nourishment. Therefore. thousands for our men: may they bring hidden stores to light. May they bring hither hundreds. the Sun. Be it the God's. 17 Tear not up by the roots the Kakambira tree: destroy thou all malignity. with newest song drive her who freely pours her milk. . containing curds. O Agni. strength Vrtra-destroying excellent. Agni. O Pusan. containing curds. full to the mouth. the earth was formedOnce. I LAUD with newest songs the Righteous People. gracious Lord. The Maruts have obtained bright strength. 22 Once. here let them listen. Varuna. only Prsni's milk was shed: no second. Keep far from us. bringing plenteous food like ViSnxu for my wish. Pusan. Mitra. hath shed immortal fame like milk. the heaven was made. like the smooth surface of a skin. 11 Hither. in glory equal to the Gods. with magic power like Varuna. Lords of fair dominion. look upon us in the fight: now help us as in days of old. Like Aryaman joy-giving.Agni. goes round the space of heaven. for the host of Maruts bright with native sheen. ye impetuous Ones! 21 They whose high glory in a moment like the God. with thy favouring help. HYMN XLIX.

12 Even as the herdsman driveth home his cattle. ye animate and quicken e'en the desert. to be praised at each tribe's sacrifices. 5 That chariot of the Asvins. fair-handed. the lightning's Child. 7 So may Sarasvati. O Vata and Parjanya. 9 May Herald Agni. And. fair to look on. pleaseth me well. and stars bedeck the other. O Heroes. and meet for worship. Glorious. blissful. Apart. 8 I praise with eloquence him who guards all pathways. all-bounteous. most wealthy. as erst to Angiras. ye seek our dwelling. come. Thou. as stars bedeck the heaven. in succession. bring for worship Tvastar adored. brisk with rare life. with the Dames accordant. the Sanctifiers. Wherewith. praised in holy verses. the signal of sacrifice. wise. the ever active God. went to Arka. 3 Unlike in form are the Red God's two Daughters: one is the Sun's. filler of his car.2 Him. in homes and swift to listen. He. first to share. red Agni will I worship. come to the famed hymn. Nasatyas. to the longing of the singer. when his love impelled him. 10 Rudra by day. the Two young Matrons' sober-minded Herald. with bright path. 6 Bulls of the Earth. Hearers of truth. May he vouchsafe us gear with gold to grace it: may Pusan make each prayer of ours efective. the glorious. fair-armed. increase his living wealth whose songs delight you. give the singer a refuge unassailable and flawless. Martits. fulgent. undecaying let us call specially as the Sage impels us. refulgent. The Son of Strength. Coming. stir up for us the regions of the water. Rudra at night we honour with these our songs. inspire us. World-Supporters. promptly honourest the prudent. Him great and lofty. yoked with a thought. Sages. 11 Ye who are youthful. Sage. Lord of harnessed horses. the Child of Heaven. Chiefs. the Universe's Father. to give new strength to us and to our children. 13 He who for man's behoof in his afiliction thrice measured out the earthly regions. I urge my songs to him the strong swift Hero May he. lay upon his body the singer's hymns. the Hero's Consort. 4 I with a lofty song call hither Vayu. ye. Visnu- . the life-bestower. impetuous.

the Maruts. parents of all that standeth. Mitra. 14 Sweet be this song of mine to Ahibudhnya. Savitar. resistless. the gracious. the God who rescues. O thou who singest. 9 And thou. with the Plants. in peace and trouble. whose tongue is Agni. O ye most blissful Worlds. . For ye are our most motherly physicians. with many heroes. hear our invocation. on Agni. excellent. all that moveth. upon your separate path all creatures tremble. on Gods who save. Sweet. goldenhanded. with Floods and Lightnings. O Surya Lord of great might. exalted. the Hero Indra. contenting men. on Savitar and Bhaga. discloses precious gifts for him who worships. On Aryaman who gives unasked. whom Pusan follows bringing ample bounty. HYMN L. May liberal Bhaga speed us on to riches. observing sacred duties. Visvedevas. which none may rival. to prove us free from sin. What time ye hear our call and come. to our sons and grandsons. 8 May Savitar come hither and approach us. O Maruts. Holy. ye Waters. when beset with slight or sore affliction. to Gods who seek oblations. Varuna for favour. Give us a lasting home that we may battle with godless bands of men who fight against us. Holy and full of light. The God who. and meet with tribes to whom the Gods are gracious. a wide dominion. stoop down to meet us. 7 Give full protection. 1. Give ample room and freedom for our dwelling. Friends of man. ye Hemispheres. and grant us mighty wealth and strength when lauded. 15 Give riches borne on cars. the Lover of the Song. O Son of Strength. 4 This day invited may the Sons of Rudra. For. I CALL with prayers on Aditi your Goddess. may we with wealth and with ourselves be happy. O ye Heaven and Earth. the guard of mighty Order. 3 And. a home. May he. we ever call upon the Gods.When one so great as thou affordeth shelter. do thou turn hither the Gods to-day to this our holy service. 2 Visit. Parvata. the bright Gods sprung from Daksa. bounteous as the face of Morning. Twice-born and true. our lofty shelter. 5 To whom the Goddess Rodasi clings closely. 6 With a new hymn extol.

of heaven. Tvastar. splendid with strength and heroes. and holy texts uttered by sages. the noble. is moving upward. Chiefs. 15 So with my thoughts and hymns of praise the children of Bharadvaja sing aloud to please you. Mitra. and all ye Holy Ones have been exalted. infallible. 1. from danger in the conflict. all whose thoughts are faithful: hither I call the Bright who share in common. Visvedevas. by thy grace be rich in heroes. O Aditi and ye Adityas. and the resistless Vasus. the Lord. 14 May Aja-Ekapad and Ahibudhnya. 12 May Rudra and Sarasvati. The pure and lovely face of holy Order hath shone like gold of heaven in its arising. through my prayers. foe-destroyers. HYMN LI. O Brother Agni. THAT mighty eye of Varuna and Mitra. 10 Come also to my call. Vata make our food abundant. with the Gods and Dames accordant. bestow upon us riches.May I for evermore enjoy thy bounty and. . protect us. 3 I praise you Guards of mighty Law eternal. Grant us. pouring down his dew be gracious. the Offspring of Waters. Rbhuksan. Young. Agni. Varuna. infallible and dear. bless us. Be gracious. and divine Vidhatar. 13 May this God Savitar. Bhaga. pour down gifts and bless us. and ye Vasus. accordant. The Dames invoked. born of the Cow. Aditi. and all their generations near and distant. ye Holy Sages. and Earth and Ocean hear our invocation. Aditi I seek with worship. Heroes. Vaja. Visnu and Vayu. verily. and dwellers in the waters. 2 The Sage who knows these Gods' three ranks and orders. Dyaus with the Gods and Prthivi with oceans. Aryaman. Sura marks well the doing of the pious. 5 O Heaven our Father. bringing food in plenty. yea. ruling heaven with strong dominion. great Kings. all of one mind. 4 Lords of the brave. Beholding good and evil acts of mortals. All Gods who strengthen Law. your manifold protection. Adityas. And. helpful Gods of earth. Earth our guileless Mother. O ye Nasatyas. bestowers of fair homes to dwell in. 11 O Gods. Parjanya. invoked and lauded. help us. As from great darkness ye delivered Atri.

ye are the rulers of our speech and vigour. Earth. or seeks to blame the prayer that we are making. do they call thee keeper of prayer? Why then our . infallible. good refuge. seek the sky. punish. O ye Holy. fain for wealth. He. 7 Let us not suffer for the sin of others. to your celestial station: the Bharadvajas' priest entreats your favour. Give us good paths for travel: guard us ivell at home. O Holy Ones. faithful to the hymn's controllers. Far. To you all Heroes mighty and far-seeing I bow me down. are they who. For ye are they who guide aright our bodies. drive thou the wicked foe. 2 Or he who holds us in contempt. 14 Soma. far. pure in your spirit. 11 May they. O Maruts. 8 Mighty is homage: I adopt and use it. Homage to Gods! Homage commands and rules them. Agni. 16 Now have we entered on the road that leads to bliss. Giving good help. dwellers in the home of Order. the evil-hearted thief away. May the sky scorch the man who hates devotion. good protectors. O Soma. May the huge mountains crush him down: degraded be Atiyaja's sacrificing patron. Indra. Universal Gods! are all-controllers: may he do harm unto himself who hates Me. hath honoured the Gods vath those who sit and share oblations.6 Give us not up to any evil creature. without a foe. as spoil to wolf or she-wolf. at sacrifice or in these holy duties. 3 Why then. trueminded. Destroy the greedy Pani. 15 Ye. 1. I banish even committed sin by homage 9 You Furtherers of Law. The road whereon a man escapes all enemies and gathers wealth. THIS I allow not in the earth or heaven. May agonies of burning be his portion. sacrificing. with homage. through all our troubles these conduct us safelyVaruna. Mitra. Homage hath held in place the earth and heaven. O Gods. goodly guidance. Pusan increase our laud. O Vasus. Bhaga. led by Indra. HYMN LIL Visvedevas. 10 For these are they who shine with noblest splendour. for a wolf is he. increase the Fivefold people. be they our good deliverers. Ye. nor do the deed which ye. mighty Rulers. 12 Come now. these pressing-stones have called aloud to win thee for our Friend. Aditi. Lord of the brave I and give us easy paths. O most bountiful. 13 Agni.

Be seated on this holy grass. come hither. may the two World-halves hear it. with the Marut host. 13 Listen. to day in this our great assembly rejoice. with succour! 6 Most near. Let me not utter words that ye may disregard. and may the Rivers as they swell preserve me. Accept the laud and these our gifts. with Tvastar. Be pleased with theit appropriate draught. ye Holy. 12 O Agni. Priest. Grant this the Treasure-Lord of treasures. 17 When holy grass is strewn and fire enkindled. 15 And those who. protect me. minded. with hymn and lowly homage I invite you. 14 May the All-Gods who claim our worship hear my thought. help. Mighty. so grant us food enough with store of children. with the wiles of serpents. All-Gods. Gods. oftenest of Gods. 10 May all the Gods who strengthen Law.guardian from reproaches? Why then beholdest thou how men revile us? Cast thy hot dart at him who hates devotion. 16 At this my call. coming. Remembering the Heavenly Folk. like a father. Ye who inhabit heaven. whose tongue is Agni. offer this sacrifice of ours. And be exceeding good to us. One generates holy food. O Holy Ones. most oft comes Indra with protection. 7 Hear this mine invocation. who swells with rivers Parjanya. 8 To him who comes to meet you. with offerings bathed in holy oilApproach ye. All ye. 9 All Sons of Immortality shall listen to the songs we sing. and air's midregions. Closely allied with you may we rejoice in bliss. O Agni and Parjanya. to him. and the Waters' Child. the other offspring. with Rtus. well lauded swift to listen. My guardians be the firmly-seated mountains: the Fathers. where waters gatherMay they vouchsafe us life of full duration. were born on earth. 11 May 1ndra. and she Sarasvati. my thought and our laudation. listening to our call. and Agni. when I call on Gods. as rules ordain. May the Gods kindly give us nights and mornings. 4 May Mornings as they spring to life. defend me! 5 Through all our days may we be healthy. in the gifts we . O Universal Gods. to this mine invocation. observant. in heaven. be joyful. Mitra. All-Gods. and look upon the Sun when he arises. seated upon this sacred grass. bringing health with herbs. Aryaman. swift to hear. one and all.

3 Unharmed is Pusan's chariot wheel. Even as a car. 7 Tear up and read in pieces. Pusan. do thou. may Pusan keep our horses safe: May Pusan gather gear for us. And say unto us. 1. none injured. may Pusan stretch his right hand . the box ne'er falleth to the ground. LORD of the path. 2 May we go forth with Pusan who shall point the houses out to us. And make him subject to our will. 8 Pusan who listens to our prayers. urge to give. Free-handed with the liberal meed. O Pusan. be all our thoughts fulfilled. 5 May Pusan follow near our kine. carriest an awl that urges men to prayer. glowing Pusan. and a store of wealth For our delight and use as men. 7 Let none be lost. And make them subject to our will. Nor doth the loosened felIy shake. 1. And make the niggard's soul grow soft. to win the prize. who shall direct us straight. O Pusan: seek that which the niggard's heart holds dear. These same are they. never may we fail. scatter our enemies afar. And say to us. 10 From out the distance. The Lord of riches. O PUSAN. far and wide. we have yoked and bound thee to our hymn. Sage. We here are they who sing thy praise. 4 Pusan forgetteth not the man who serveth him with offered gift: That man is first to gather wealth. HYMN LIII. 6 Thrust with thine awl. 6 Follow the kine of him who pours libations out and worships thee. Pusan. Strong God.offer. HYMN LIV. Return with these all safe and sound. 8 Thou. the hearts of avaricious churls. horses. O Sage. a manly master of a house. bring us to the man who knows. O Pusan. 2 Bring us the wealth that men require. the hearts of avaricious churls. 9 Secure in thy protecting care. we implore. 3 Even him who would not give. the Strong whose wealth is never lost. It is here. O glowing Pusan. none sink in a pit and break a limb. Therewith do thou tear up and rend to shreds the heart of every one. glowing Lord! a goad with horny point that guides the cows Thence do we seek thy gift of bliss. And make them subject to our will. And ours who sing thee songs of praise. 10 And make this hymn of ours produce kine. 5 Penetrate with an awl. 4 Clear paths that we may win the prize. 9 Thou bearest.

5 To this. Lord of great riches. Pusan. 1.forth. Give thou fulfilment of our thought. to Pusan's favouring love. may we closely cling. The God who visiteth mankind. 1. 4 When Indra. Pusan was standing by his side. Indra and Pusan. Wise. 4 Pusan. brought down the streams. a treasure-heap. With both of these he slays the fiends. and our Friend. who driveth goats for steeds. HYMN LV. allied With him as Friend. Wondrous God whom many praise. HYMN LVII. art renowned afar. INDRA and Pusan will we call for friend ship and prosperity And for the winning of the spoil. thou art a stream of wealth. Brother of Indra. 6 May the sure-footed goats come nigh. that longs for kine. and my Friend. and Indra's. SON of Deliverance. the mighty waterfloods. to win the spoil: Thou. Pusan. HYMN LVI. who is called His Sister's lover. will we laud. Tending to perfect happiness both for to. morrow and to-day. wondrous strong. 2 We pray for wealth to thee most skilled of charioteers. 6 Prosperity we crave from thee. And drive our lost again to us. 3 Goats are the team that draws the one: the other hath Bay Steeds at hand. conveying Pusan on his car. 4 Whate'er we speak this day to thee. 2 And he is best of charioteers. the hero's Lord. . Indra. bright God! Let us twain go together: be our charioteer of sacrifice. 5 His Mother's suitor I address. destroys the foes. afar from sin and near to wealth. 1. Pusan. WHOSO remembers Pusan as cater of mingled curd and meal Need think no more upon the God. May he who loves his Sister hear. As to a tree's extended bough. with braided hair. come. 3 Bright God whose steeds are goats. 5 Lead on this company of ours. The Friend of every pious man. 3 And there the best of charioteers hath guided through the speckled cloud The golden wheel of Sura's car. 2 One by the Soma sits to drink juice which the mortar hath expressed: The other longs for curd and meal. the strong and Mighty.

2 Goat-borne. 4 Indra and Agni. Drive those who hate me far away. enemies of Gods. Lord of food. may we draw Pusan near. Stretching her head and speaking loudly with her tongue. God.6 As one who drives a car draws in his reins. we call this day to come with help. Pusan. Indra and Agni. LIKE heaven art thou: one form is bright. the guard of cattle. and. Indra and Agni. she hath gone downward thirty steps. Indra and Agni. set over all the world. 10 O Indra-Agni. Sprung from one common Father. 3 O Pusan. in the air's mid-region. for our great success. hath this Maid come footless unto those with feet. Indra-Agnip verily your greatness merits loftiest praise. HYMN LVIII. beholding every creature. moving goad. yours are all the treasures of the heavens and earth. twins are ye. like fellow horses at their food. liberal. 1. 5 What mortal understands. this your way? One of you. while juices flow. in battles for the sake of kine. ye ne'er consume. goes forth. brothers. O Pusan. 2 Thus. vex me sore. . O Gods. 3 These who delight in flowing juice. dent! Auspicious be thy bounty here. subdued by love. O Indra-Agni. inspirer of the hymn. like Day and Night dissimilar in colour. 1. who accept the laud. 4 Near kinsman of the heaven and earth is Pusan. Desert us not in this great fray. 7 E'en now. O Gods. and hear us for our praise. subdued by love. ye survive. the Deities gave to Surya. desirous of the glory. 8 The foeman's sinful enmities. of wondrous iustre. 9 Indra and Agni. and keep them distant from the Sun. your speech is kind To him who praises you while these libations flow: that man. yoking Steeds that move to every side. Indra-Agni. advances in your common car. All magic powers thou aidest. Friends of Law. Thou goest on an embassy to Surya. Indra-Agni. one holy. 6 First. the manly deeds that ye have done: Your Fathers. your Mother is in every place. Gods armed with the thunderbolt. with thy golden ships that travel across the ocean. he whose home is strength. HYMN LIX. Pusan. served with rich gifts. Whom strong and vigorous and swiftlymoving. Here give ye us the opulence that prospers every living man. And Indra. Brandishing here and there his lightly. self-depen. Indra-Agni. men hold in their arms and stretch their bows. were smitten down. I WILL declare.

come. 7 Indra and Agni. 1. stolen Mornings. for cows and waters. 9 With those to this libation poured. Indra-Agni. 5 The Strong. Indra. desired of many. 11 He who gains Indra's bliss with fire enkindled finds an easy way Over the floods to happiness. 4 I call the Twain whose deeds of old have all been famed in ancient days O Indra-Agni. wondrous waters. HYMN LX. Indra and Agni. . these our songs of praise have sounded forth to you: Ye who bring blessings! drink the juice. Indra-Agni. strong and mighty Heroes. show yourselves among us with your supreme and unrestricted bounties. 8 Come. Indra and Agni. canceller of debts. Sarasvati. To Vadhryasva when. come: Come ye to drink the Soma juice. I will call you hither and make you joyful with the gifts I offer. showing forth their power in conquest. drink the sweetly-flavoured Soma juice. we invoke you both. hear his call who worships. these Lords of heroes. HE slays the foe and wins the spoil who worships Indra and Agni. 13 Indra and Agni. And leaves them blackened with his tongue. thou makest kine thine own. Ye Twain are givers both of food and riches: to win me strength and vigour I invoke you. harm us not. Agni. ye Heroes. 15 Indra and Agni. which ye have. O ye Vrtra-slayers. victorious. O Heroes. 6 They slay our Arya foes. to drink of this our Soma juice.Come near us. 10 Glorify him who compasses all forests with his glowing flame. with libations poured. as Friends for friendship. 14 Come unto us with riches. come with wealth in horses and in kine. Team-borne. drawn by homage. HYMN LXI. we invoke. bringing bliss. be worshipped her with gifts she gave fierce Divodasa. the Gods. 3 With Vrtra-slaying might. 12 Give us fleet coursers to convey Indra and Agni. 2 So battle now. sunlight. slay our Dasyu foes And drive our enemies away. drawn by all our songs. regions. Who rule as Sovrans over ample riches. O Agni: thou. for the worshipper. and bestow Abundant strengthening food on us. 1. Indra and Agni. Indra and Agni. the scatterers of the foe. Dawns. Come and enjoy the offerings. Indra-Agni. with those teams. May they be kind to one like me. O Indra and thou. light.

1. Holy One. Comes onward with tempestuous roar. and. 8 Whose limitless unbroken flood. Sarasvati. HYMN LXII. those who scorned the Gods. the Five Tribes' prosperer. As Surya spreadeth out the days. to part the earth's ends and the spacious regions. to glorious treasure: refuse us not thy milk. 10 Yea. nor spurn us from thee. Gladly accept our friendship and obedience: let us not go from thee to distant countries. 7 Yea. hath burst with her strong waves the ridges of the hills. . the firmament! 12 Seven-sistered. rich in her wealth. Foe-slayer. Sarasvati. Let us invite with songs and holy hymns for help Sarasvati who slayeth the Paravatas. Asvins. this divine Sarasvati. terrible with her golden path. Fain in a moment. I LAUD the Heroes Twain. give us opulence. sprung from threefold source. 9 She hath spread us beyond all foes. rich in wealth! made poison flow away from them. Sarasvati must be extolled by every sage. divine Sarasvati. are these effectual boons. this heaven's Controllers: singing with songs of praise I call the Asvins. claims our eulogy. she most dear amid dear stream. Created vast for victory like a chariot. she must be Invoked in every deed of might. 11 Guard us from hate Sarasvati. swift-moving with a rapid rush. 3 Thou castest down. in glory swifter than the other rapid Streams. O Sarasvati. Seven-sistered. Furthering all our thoughts with might 5 Whoso. thou who art strong in wealth and power Like Pusan. 14 Guide us. invokes thee where the prize is set. the brood of every Brsaya skilled in magic arts. beyond her Sisters. 4 May the divine Sarasvati. And that wide tract. Thou hast discovered rivers for the tribes of men. she who hath filled the realms of earth. 2 She with her might. Like Indra when he smites the foe. thine. 6 Aid us. 13 Marked out by majesty among the Mighty Ones. protect us well. one and all.Consumer of the churlish niggard. divine Sarasvad. graciously inclined. Sarasvati hath earned our praise. like one who digs for lotus-stems. when the morns are breaking.

and fields. Asvins. through the regions. over the wastes ye pass. as Varuna and Mitra. the highest and the midmost and the lowest. Bountiful Lords. air's realm. 10 Come to our home with friendly wheels. Traversing many wide unmeasured spaces. out of the sea and waters bore Bhujyu. 7 Victors. that the trouble of man who offers gifts might cease and slumber. and waters. 5 With newest hymn I call those Wonder-Workers. food. the Youthful. 3 Ye to that bounteous path of yours. and vigour. Against the secret fiend cast forth his weapon. son of Tugra. Make that. invoked of manyHymn that hath brought the two Nasatyas hither? To this man's thought be ye. Earth! existeth great object of the wrath of Gods and mortals. car-borne. Vasus. Bounteous. ye mighty. ye rent the rock asunder: Bulls. . Speeding with winged steeds through dustless spaces. 8 Whate'er from olden time. bestowing varied bounties on the singer. swift and zealous Ones. an evil brand to one allied with demons. Strike off. Adityas. with birds. ye filled the cow with milk for Sayu: thus. against the lying words that strangers utter. and exceeding mighty. 6 So ye. HYMN LXIII. come to the hymn of the most recent singer.2 Moving to sacrifice through realms of lustre they light the radiance of the car that bears them. 9 May he who knows. Bringers of bliss to him who lauds and praises. appointing both the Kings in season. ye showed your favour. 1. 11 Come hitherward to us with teams of horses. come on your radiant chariot rich in heroes. 4 So ye. have ever borne away our thoughts with horses. sons of Rudra. Mind-swift and full of vigour. Heaven. when ye have yoked your chariothorses. Our true and ancient Herald Priest shall bring you. the heads of our assailants who with man's treacherous attack approach us. ancient and brilliant. out of the bosom of the flood they bore him. for offipring. heard the calling of the eunuch's consort. WHERE hath the hymn with reverence. throw open to the singer doors e'en of the firm-closed stall of cattle. like an envoy. bearing splendour. found both fair Gods to-day. ye Twain. most friendly. both Gods.

magicians! amid the race of Gods. After you flew your birds. that none may force it. She maketh paths all easy. Compass this house to keep it from the foeman. 5 Lords of great wealth! for glory. 1. 2 We see that thou art good: far shines thy lustre. Ye-Wonder-Workers. lauded with songs. with these your glories fair to look on. Yearningfor you the pressstones shed the liquid. Lovers of sweetness! yours are praise and singers. brought. Nasatyas! convey you to the object of your wishes. 10 Nasatyas! Purupanthas offered hundreds. 11 May I with princes share your bliss in freedom. Dawn. elected. food with Peruk Sanda gave ten gold-decked and well-trained horses. brown. rich gifts for Surya. appointed to invoke the two Nasatyas. 3 Juice in wide room hath been prepared to feast you: for you the grass is strewn. thou . your car hath been sent onward to food of many a sort and dainty viands. tame and obedient and of lofty stature. fair to travel. shining in majesty. Heroes! to the singer Bharadvaja. and. Decking thyself. 4 Agni uplifts him at your sacrifices: forth goes the oblation dropping oil and glowing. manifold is your bounty: ye filled our cow with food that never faileth. Surya's Daughter mounted your car that brings a hundred succours. 9 Mine were two mares of Puraya. well lauded. rich. to win victory. HYMN LXIV. thousands of steeds to him who sang your praises. thy splendours have flown up to heaven. ye dancing Heroes! 6 Ye Twain. Swift as the thought. Up stands the grateful-minded priest. thy beams. most soft to tread on. that ye may drink the juices.2 Come readily to this mine invocation. reached you. marvels of beauty: dear to our hearts! the song. With lifted hands your servant hath adored you. and poured libations which have sought your favour. THE radiant Dawns have risen up for glory. let the fiends be slaughtered. best to draw. thou makest bare thy bosom. Famed for your magic arts were ye. 7 May your winged coursers. hath shown herself benign and friendly. a hundred with Sumidha. 8 Lords of great wealth. either near or distant. Gave. in their white splendour like the waves of waters. swift-footed.

a Goddess. They. much good thou bringest. The foes she chaseth like a valiant archer. Even to one like me ye brought aforetime. Maruts. HYMN LXV. Dawns! who brings oblation. 3 Dawns. bringing near the stately rite's commencement. 3 Red are the kine and luminous that bear her the Blessed One who spreadeth through the distance. favour your servant and this day enrich him. She who at night-time with her argent lustre hath shown herself e'en through the shades of darkness. like a swift warrior she repelleth darkness. now for the hero. 1. 2 All this with red-rayed steeds have they divided: the Dawns on bright cars shine in wondrous fashion. bring wealth to give us comfort. With prayer and holy hymn they burst them open: the heroes' calling on the Gods was fruitful. 6 As the birds fly forth from their restingplaces. thou Child of Heaven. bringing hither. O Goddess Dawn. Now for the singer when he sings the praise-song. glory and power and might and food and vigour. and upon us bestow widespreading glory.Goddess Morning. So lofty Goddess with thine ample pathway. with imperial sway like heroes. Opulent. drive far away the night's surrounding shadows. to the liberal mortal who rernaineth at home. Thou who. 6 Shine on us as of old. Child of Heaven. Dawn. rich Maid! who serves like Bharadvaja. 5 Dawn. SHEDDING her light on human habitations this Child of Heaven hath called us from our slumber. E'EN to the wise let that be still a wonder to which the general name of . with thine oxen thou bearest riches at thy will and pleasure. bring me wealth: untroubled. Give to the singer wealth with noble heroes. Angirases now praise thy stalls of cattle. HYMN LXVI. to the man who worships. Daughter of Heaven.on him. so men with store of food rise at thy dawning. 5 O Dawn who standest on the mountain ridges. 4 Now is there treasure for the man who serves you. Yea. 4 Thy ways are easy on the hills: thou passest Invincible! Se1f-luminous! through waters. 1. hast shown thee lovely through bounty when we called thee early.

6 When. at their pleasure. O Agni. armed with glittering lances. 8 None may obstruct. Rodasl stood among these furious Heroes like splendour shining with her native brightness. singing aloud. whom the long-lasting One had power to foster: The Mighty Ones whose germ great Mother Prsni is known to have received for man's advantage. the Maruts. Who conquer mighty strength with strength more mighty: earth shakes in terror at their wars.Cow is given. whom not the active quickly wins for milking. The one hath swelled among mankind for milking: Prsni hath drained but once her fair bright udder. Pure hymns are meet for that celestial army: like floods and mountains have the Strong Ones battled. the brood of Rudra. 10 Bright like the flashing flames of sacrifices. splendid from birth. 1. invested with their great strength and their heroic vigour. with their own splendour they bedew their bodies. 9 Bring a bright hymn to praise the band of Maruts.. When they have streamed forth. like tongues of fire impetuous in their onset. 5 Even those who bear the brave bold name of Maruts. Even the liberal wards not off those fierce ones. twice and thrice have waxen mighty. like heroes. Halting not. the Singers. 2 They who like kindled flames of fire are glowing. him whom ye succour in the strife of battle For sons and progeny. speeding alone its paths through earth and heaven. reinless. invincible. Chanting their psalm. in this same manner still resting there they purge away reproaches. the Maruts. strong in strength and armed with potent weapons. those who are light and agile in their greatness. none overtake. they had united wellformed earth and heaven. O Maruts. 3 They who are Sons of the rain-pouring Rudra. NOW Mitra-Varuna shall be exalted high by your songs. 11 That swelling band I call with invocation. HYMN LXVIL Mitra-Varuna. through the air it travels. rapid. noblest of all . for kine and waters: he bursts the cow-stall on the day of trial. 4 They shrink not from the birth. no horse no charioteer be he who drives it. Golden and dustless were their cars. 7 No team of goats shall draw your car. O Maruts. strong in native vigour. brilliant.

as Work-Controllers. like two strong horses. The young Maids brook not that none seeks to win them. unequalled with their arms to check the people. when he and his attendants fill the chamber. Boon-Givers! 3 Come hither. O Mitra-Varuna. of pure origin. 8 So with your tongue come ever. 1. Mitra-Varuna. Indra-Varuna. attends our worship. They. urge even men who quickly hear to labour. 2 To you Two Gods is this my thought extended. established. 5 As all the Gods in their great joy and gladness gave you with one accord your high dominion. though wide and spacious your spies are ever true and never bewildered. the Mighty Goddess brought forth as terrors to the mortal foeman. a dwelling safe from attack. Give us. Quickeners of all! they scatter moisture. 10 When singers in their song uplift their voices. turned to the sacred grass with loving homage. Ye who with your might. which ye shall guard. Aditi bore as babes in proper season. 7 Take the strong drink. like Api's sons have godless sacrifices. HYMN LXVIII. When the kine haste to us. as 'twere with reins are best Controllers. Mitra-Varuna. to quaff till ye are sated. accordant. they strive against you and break tlie friendly laws ye have established. Then may we sing you lauds that shall be fruitful: dp ye not rival all the Gods in greatness? 11 O Mitra-Varuna. Whom. may your large bounty come to us hither. when. HIS honouring rite whose grass is trimmed is offered swiftly to you. As ye surround both worlds. 6 So.existing. 9 When. near to this our dwelling. invited with eulogies and loving adoration. The Star of all the Gods. through the days maintaining princely power. Mighty at your birth. 4 Whom. The rite which Indra-Varuna shall carry this day to high success and glorious . and when they harness the fleet-foot mettled stallion for the battle. when your envoy. They who. ye prop the height as 'twere from loftiest heaven. faithful and very wise. Nourished by holy oil! he this yGur glory: annihilate the sacrificer's trouble. some chant the Nivid texts with steady purpose. neither Gods nor men in estimation. filleth the heaven and earth with food of man who liveth. in Manu's wise.

That bounteous man through food shall conquer faemen. Wealth. the joyous. One with his might and thunderbolt slays Vrtra. imperial Lord. as it were home. 11 Indra and Varuna. Indra-Varuna. Indra-Varuna. as with boats we cross the waters. most liberal of the Princes. 10 True to Law. and Varuna.issue. O Earth and Heaven. e'en our own possession. as with flame. With mighty strength. and rejoice you HYMN LXIX. brings you gifts with gladness. Indra and Varuna. be. Indra-Varuna. the other as a Sage stands near in troubles. for bliss. mighty Governor. of this invigorating sweetest Soma. Eternal. May we. 8 Indra. drink your fill. Gods! which breaks the curse of those who vex us. and liberal and helpful who. to sacrifice. 5 Righteous is he. leading us on by unobstructed . that ye may drink. Indra-Varuna. IndraVaruna. they have become the strongest of the Heroes. and their triumphant glory spreads with swiftness. and thus were ye spread wide. ye Heroes. by Law made Vrtra's slayers. Accept the sacrifice and grant us riches. at my task's completion I urge you on with food and sacred service. illumines both wide worlds with majesty and power. 4 Though dames and men have waxen strong and mighty. Gods whom we are lauding. 3 Praise those Twain Gods for powers that merit worship. with Gods to guard themThey whose great might gives victory in battles. Indra-Visnu 1. who praise the strength of what is mighty. sublime. drink this pressed Soma which shall give you rapturous joy. Ye. and win him opulence and wealthy people. and all the Gods selfpraised among the Heroes. 7 So also. 2 For at Gods' worship they are best through vigour. 6 May wealth which ye bestow in food and treasure on him who brings you gifts and sacrifices. pass dangers. may our princes have riches swift to save. drinkers of the juice. Who. Your chariot cometh to the banquet of the Gods. mingle ye wealth with our heroic glory. Chiefs of the host. INDRA and Visnu. 9 Now will I sing a dear and far-extending hymn to Varuna the God. have in might surpassed them. This juice is shed by us that ye may quaff it: on this trimmed grass be seated.

Wide. Indra and Visnu. set foremost at election of the priest. O Heaven and Earth. sharers of the banquet. 2 The Everlasting Pair. broad. with full streams. unwasting. thou. when ye fought the battle. He in his seed is born again and spreads by Law: from you flow things diverse in form. 3 Whoso. beautiful in their form. O Indra. IndraVisnu. Ye who are Regents of this world. rich in germs. repeated with the lauds. for righteous life. in their pure rule pour fatness for the pious man. to the Soma. Heaven and Earth are bright therewith: they mingle with the fatness which they still increase. served with worship ana oblation. to them the singers pray . 8 Ye Twain have conquered. drink ye your fill of Soma. 3 Lords of joy-giving draughts. 4 May your foe-conquering horses bring you hither. pours offerings to you. Indra and Visnu. ye Hemispheres. Fed with the holy oil. Wonder-Workers. ye vessels who contain the Soma juices. 2 Ye who inspire all hymns. and Visnu. With brilliant rays of hymns let chanted praises. wide. The sweet exhilarating juice hath reached you. Indra-Visnu. that man succeeds. pour into us the genial flow that prospers meit. but ruled alike. 4 Enclosed in fatness. rich in milk. dropping meath. vouchsafe us riches ye are the lake.pathways. produced this infinite with three divisions. compassing all things that be. 1. giving gifts of treasure. adorn and deck you. Indra and Visnu. 5 This your deed. the lauds that are recited by the singers. give ear unto my calling. Heaven and Earth. Of all our hymns accept the invocations list to my prayers and hear the songs I sing you. Indra-Visnu. must be lauded: widely ye strode in the wild joy of Soma. come. ne'er have yc been conquered: never hath either of the Twain been vanquished. Ye. O Earth and Heaven. and made the regions broad for our existence. spacious. May hymns of praise that now are sung address you. Hear ye my prayers. the vat that holds the Soma. 6 Strengthened with sacred offerings. HYMN LXX. stand parted each from each. Ye made the firmament of larger compass. first eaters. FILLED full of fatness. 7 Drink of this meath. The Heaven and the Earth by Varuna's decree.

May we through this our song be happy gainers. 6 May Heaven and Earth make food swell plenteously for us. 1. Savitar hath extended his golden arms. Friend of the home. in union. Bestowing by your Godhead sacrifice and wealth. 6 Fair wealth. 5 May Heaven and Earth pour down the balmy rain for us. He hath gone up the heights of earth and heaven. and spread abroad apart. he sends the worshipper rich gifts in plenty. while he holds the region up. and wealth. 3 Protect our habitation. gave her light to Morning. O Savitar. balm-dropping. this day. HYMN LXXI. great fame and strength for us and good heroic might. with pleasant tongue. 5 Like a Director. jother. the Earth. that he may give us wealth: For thou art mighty to produce and lull to rest the world of life that moves on two feet and on four. Pouring out bounties. all beneficial. to-morrow. With cheeks of brass. may. send us gain. both the Worlds. fair wealth produce for us each day that passes. Indra-Soma. yielding balm. all-knowing Father. firm and true. auspicious. 2 May we enjoy the noblest vivifying force of Savitar the God. the Holy. 4 This Savitar the God. the Mother. Indra and Soma: the first high exploits were your own achievements. Savitar. God of the golden tongue. to-day. God. Ye stayed the heaven with a supporting pillar. exceeding fair to look on. wondrous in their works. 3 Ye slew the flood -obstructing serpent Vrtra.for bliss to further them. of a fair and spacious habitation. Savitar. and made each monster fall and cease from troubling. with balm upon your path. GREAT is this might of yours. 2 Ye. with guardian aids around. the Warrior sprinkles fatness over both his hands. keep us for newest bliss: let not the evil-wisher have us in his power. HYMN LXXII. and led the Sun on high with all his splendour. 1. the golden-handed. Indra-Soma. Indra and Soma: Heaven . and power. FULL of effectual wisdom Savitar the God hath stretched out golden arms that he may bring forth life. Young and most skilful. Ye found the Sun ye found the light of heaven: ye killed all darkness and the Gods' blasphemers. hath risen to meet the twilight.

the great stalls filled with cattle. and Soma. . Brhaspati.approved your exploit. Indra. thou. HYMN LXXV. O Soma-Rudra: let these our sacrifices quickly reach you. mountain-render. breaks down their castles. wealth. keep us from sorrow. 1. 4 Ye in the unripe udders of the milch-kine have set the ripe milk. O Soma-Rudra. famed. when. ye Mighty Beings. dwelling in light. With twice-firm path. victorious. 2 Brhaspati. Placing in every house your seven great treasures. Ye have invested men. and give us excellent and happy glories. SERVED with oblations. our Father. to Earth and Heaven. Set free and draw away the sin committed which we have still inherent in our persons. HYMN LXXIV. who made for such a people wide room and verge when Gods were invocated. 5 Verily ye bestow. as a bull. Soma and Rudra. Indra and Soma. Weapons of War. chase to every quarter the sickness that hath visited our dwelling. Slaying his enemies. HOLD fast your Godlike sway. this God. Soma-Rudra. 2 Soma and Rudra. he seeks the lap of battle. THE warrior's look is like a thunderous rain-cloud's. quelling his foes and conquering those who hate him. Release us from the noose of Varuna. HYMN LXXIII. be gracious unto us. Drive Nirrti away into the distance. kind and loving. Angiras' son. 3 Provide. Brhaspati. roars loudly. 4 Armed with keen shafts and weapons. passing to our children. Ye urged to speed the currents of the rivers. and many seas have ye filled full with waters. armed with mail. hath won. 1. 1. Brhaspati with lightning smites the foeman. the Holy. Ye have held fast the unimpeded whiteness within these many-coloured moving creatures. 3 Brhaspati in war hath won rich treasures. resistless. Striving to win waters and light. first-born. for our bodies all needful medicines to heal and cure us. in your tender loving-kindness. bring blessing to our quadrupeds and bipeds. with manly strength that conquers in the battle.

each day that passes. whercon are laid his Weapons and his Armour. 5 With many a son. their child upon their bosom. 6 Upstanding in the Car the skilful Charioteer guides his strong Horses on whithersoe'er he will. 8 Car-bearer is the name of his oblation. Guard us trom evil. and. 7 Horses whose hoofs rain dust are neighing loudly. as fain to speak. trample and destroy them. meeting like a woman and her lover. 10 The Brahmans. . and Aditi protect us well. 11 Her tooth a deer. holding her well-loved Friend in her embraces. Slung on the back. there may the Arrows shelter and protect us. Pusan. She flieth onward. dressed in an eagle's feathers. they. She presses. mother-like. Strained on the Bow. yoked to the Chariots. 2 With Bow let us win kine. the Quiver vanquishes all opposing bands and armies. 3 Close to his car. Whip. he deals his blows upon their thighs.Be thou victorious with unwounded body: so let the thickness of thy mail protect thee. and the Fathers meet for Soma-draughts. May Soma kindly speak to us. 9 In sweet association lived the fathers who gave us life. 12 Avoid us thou whose flight is straight. in unison. guard us strengtheners of Law: let not the evilwisher master us. real heroes. profound and strong in trouble. and let our bodies be as stone. starting swift asunder. armed with shafts and wondrous weapons. conquerors of armies. never flinching. With their forefeet descending on the foemen. So let us here. father of many daughters. There where the heroes speed hither and thither. launched forth. She whispers like a woman-this Bowstring that preserves us in the combat. unequalled Heaven and Earth. 13 He lays his blows upon their backs. with Bow the battle. Thou. the foes who hate us. honour the helpful Car with hearts exceeding joyful. 4 These. Unwearied. who urgest horses. The Bow brings grief and sorrow to the foeman: armed with the Bow may we subdue all regions. See and admire the strength of those controlling Reins which from behind declare the will of him who drives. bear. bound with cow-hide. free. showing forth their vigour. pouring his brood. with Bow be victors in our hot encounters. graciously inclined. He clangs and clashes as he goes to battle. May the two Bow-ends. scatter. drive sagacious horses in the fray.

18 Thy vital parts I cover with thine Armour: with immortality King Soma clothe thee. Go to the foemen. sharpened by our prayer. 15 Now to the Shaft with venom smeared. with iron mouth. whether he be a strange foe or one of us. Varuna give tliee what is more than ample. and Aditi protect us well. May all the Gods discomfit him.14 It compasses the arm with serpent windings. Celestial. protect us well through all our days. My nearest. 17 There where the flights of Arrows fall like boys whose locks are yet unshorn. of Parjanya's seed. strike them home. closest Mail is prayer. guard manfully the man from every quarter. fending away the friction of the bowstring: So may the Brace. be this great adoration paid. Even there may Brahmanaspati. 19 Whoso would kill us. . tipped with deer-horn. well-skilled in all its duties. 16 Loosed from the Bowstring fly away. thou Arrow. and in thy triumph may the Gods be joyful. and let not one be left alive.

for help from every quarter: Who.RIG VEDA . 4 Among all fires these fires have shone most brightly. 6 To whom. the Strong. pure. 3 Shine thou before us. with flame. the ladle dropping oil. Lord of the homestead.THE SEVENTH BOOK HYMN I. that never fadeth. begirt by noble heroes. excellent. To thee come all our sacrificial viands. in the home for ever. wealth with brave sons. Agni. Far-seen. grant us wealth with wisdom. famous and independent. with their hands' swift movement. Which not a foe who deals in magic conquers. with its oblation. And drive away in silence pain and sickness. 5 Victorious Agni. 8 With him who lighteth up thy splendour. well-enkindled. splendid with light. Where men of lofty birth sit down together. fair to behold. with pointed flame. at morn and eve comes. in deep thought. must be honoured. . 7 Burn up all malice with those flames. have. Most Youthful God. maid-like. Wealth-seeking comes to him his own devotion. refulgent. O Agni. Agni. 2 The Vasus set that Agni in the dwelling. THE men from fire-sticks. wherewith of old thou burntest up Jarutha. 1. Agni. engendered glorious Agni.

to wretched clothes. in houses full of children. O House-Friend. to destitution. on a thousand paths. O Agni. Yield us not. 16 This is that Agni. Be present. from the hated demon. 22 Condemn us not to indigence. 14 May this same fire of mine surpass all others. to want of heroes. 19 Give us not up. 21 Thou Agni. O Agni. what ne'er shall perish. to fiend or hunger. Using both means to draw thee to our worship. 15 This is that Agni. Agni. saviour from the foeman. this fire where offspring. Eternal. injure us not at home or in the forest. with thee. 11 Let us not sit in want of men. to need. served in many places. without descendants. Ye Gods.Purifier. 18 Agni. guard us from malice of the churlish sinner: Allied with thee may I subdue assailants. there make our dwelling rich in seed and offspring.These who ipprove the noble song I sing thee. 10 Let these men. O Agni. whom the rich lord who brings oblation kindles. prevail against all godless arts of 4magic. and with us through these our praises. vigorous and firm-handed. Wins. heroleu. And round him goes the priest at sacrifices. Let me not want. 12 By sacrifice which the Steeds' Lord ever visits. bear thou.Be gracious to us here for their sake also. 17 Agni. art fair of aspect: beam forth. a son for ever: let not a manly hero ever fail us. O Son of Strength. in full effulgence. these most welcome oblations to the Deities' assembly: Let them enjoy our very fragrant presents. about thee: But. O Agni. Grant that both we and they may share thy bounty. 9 Agni. beside these flaming fires which Gods have kindled. pour blessings on our chiefs and nobles. heroes in the fight with foemen. Holy One. protect us evermore with blessings. O God. Increasing still with lineal successors. 20 Give strength and power to these my prayers. may we with riches in possession bring thee continual ofierings in abundance. the patriarchal men. the mortals who have in many places spread thy lustre. swift to hear. 13 Guard us. . who guards the kindler of the flame from sorrow: Heroes of noble lineage serve and tend him.

6 And let the two exalted Heavenly Ladies. the truthful speaker. O Agni. goes supplicating. Bards and Singers at men's sacrifices. 3 We will extol at sacrifice for ever. O Agni. 2 With sacrifice to these we men will honour the majesty of holy NarasamsaTo these the pure. like a cow good at milking.Nor. Come. O God. o'ertake us. 1. the men who serve him strew it with reverence. Grant that both we and they may share thy bounty. both filled with wisdom. most wise. 5 With holy thoughts the pious have thrown open Doors fain for chariots in the Gods' assembly. ye Adhvaryus. on their knees. like maidens for the gathering. Hath him who wins him treasure by his Godhead. and so among the Gods obtain us treasures. Ila accordant with the Gods. meet for worship. I incline to worship. 23 O Agni. bring hither ample riches to our nobles. O Son of Strength. with mortals Agni. O Victor. envoy between both worlds. 4 Bearing the sacred grass. Ye Gods. GLADLY accept. to whom the prince. Agni whom Manu kindled. Touch the celestial summits with thy columns. by Agni. pour blessings on bur chiefs and nobles. 24 Knowing our chief felicity. much-invoked. as men may do. 7 You. Calling him to the spotted grass. Your very skilful Asura. the thought. Three Goddesses. inspirers. Send up our offerings when we call upon you. they adorn them. Agni: send up thy sacred smoke and shine sublimely. Sarasvati with all her kindred Rivers. protect us evermore with blessings. deserving worship. Morning and Night. Gods who enjoy both sorts of our oblations. HYMN II. and overspread thee with the rays of Surya. our fuel. 8 May Bharati with all her Sisters. thine as a God. in need. come to this grass. oil-sprinkled. for our welfare. with oblation. Wherewith we may enjoy ourselves. adorn him. Apris. this day. fair of face. . and on our grass be seated ' wealthy. 25 Give strength and power to these my prayers. with undiminished life and hero children. Like two full mother cows who lick their youngling. even after fault. let thy displeasure. the wealthy mortal who to the Immortal offers his oblation.

HYMN III. the path is black which thou hast travelled. 3 From thee a Bull but newly born. 7 That we may worship. With these. lover of Gods. for the God'sgenerations well he knoweth. Agni. O Tvastar. 11 Come thou to us. dress it. and. adjuster of the press-stones. as they tend a courser. They kindle him. O Agni. 6 O fair of face. happy Mother. with those boundless glories as with a hundred fortresses of iron. Aloft to heaven thy ruddy smoke ascendeth: Agni. ASSOCIATE with fires. Whence springs the hero. skilled in action. Established firm among mankind. 1. the Holy. together with the potent Gods and Indra. guard us. He as the truer Priest shall offer worship. when he hath stepped forth from the great enclosure: Then the wind following blows upon his splendour. 4 Thou whose fresh lustre o'er the earth advanceth when greedily with thy jaws thy food thou eatest. the Purifier. with thy tongue thou piercest. preserve these . O Son of Strength. the kindled everlasting flames rise upward. O Agni. 8 Thine are resistless songs for him who offers. powerful.and seat them. beautiful is thine aspect when. 9 Well pleased with us do thou. straight. duly kindled. and like the wondrous Sun thy light thou showest. O Agni. O Jatavedas. best skilled in worship. and let the Immolator. On this our grass sit Aditi. Guard us. thou speedest to the Gods as envoy. Like Heaven's thundering roar thy might approaches. and hero-giving hymns wherewith thou savest. a guest within his dwelling: bright shines the splendour of the worshipped Hero. give ready issue to our procreant vigour. and let our Hail! delight the Gods Immortal. O God. 5 The men have decked him both at eve and morning. as 'twere barley. with your Hail to Agni! with sacrificial cakes and fat oblations. make your God Agni envoy at sacrifice. very near at hand. 2 Like a steed neighing eager for the pasture. Agni. Lord of Forests. like gold thou gleamest. flame-crowned and fed with oil. Most Youthful Agni. 10 Send to the Gods the oblation. Like a host hurried onward comes thy lasso: fierce.

1. in abundance. Most Youthful. for the Gods' worship. Victorious God. in thousands. 5 He who hath occupied his God-made dwelling. this God's whom men have seized in his white splendour. Agni. Agni. like an axe new-sharpened. resplendent in his body. one to be thought of as another's offipring. This Agni who hath brooked that men should seize him hath shone for man with glow insufferable. Agni. though young and tender. pure in his form. BRING forth your gifts to his refulgent splendour. 3 Before his presence must we all assemble. Ye Gods. and worship. Sage and Purifier: 10 Shine this felicity on us. preserve us O thou Victor. A Babe unborn. 2 Wise must this Agni be. in a moment. 7 The foeman's treasure may be won with labour: may we be masters of our own possessions. 9 When forth he cometh. 9 Guard us from him who would assail us. your hymn as purest offering to Agni. Sprung. O victorious God. wise among the foolish. let us not sit about thee like men devoid of strength. O Agni: may we attain to perfect understanding. May our strong hero come. though plenteous. from his Parents. beauty. of his Mother. no son is he who springs from others: lengthen not out the pathways of the foolish. 8 Unwelcome for adoption is the stranger. the plants and trees support him. since he was born. preserve us evermore with blessings. 6 Agni is Lord of Amrta. .princes and the singers. Though grown familiar by continual presence. All happiness be theirs who sing and praise thee. sought with eager longing. Lord of the gift of wealth and hero valour. desirable. He who with bright teeth seizeth fast the forests. freshly triumphant. To him who goes as messenger with knowledge between all songs of men and Gods in heaven. and eats his food. 4 Far-seeing hath this Agni been established. in wisdom hath surpassed Immortals. and the earth beareth him the All-sustainer. forbear to harm us: may weforever share thy gracious favour. deathless mid mortals. from dishonour. Here let the place of darkening come upon thee: may wealth be ours. Agni. Here. HYMN IV.

O Vaisvanara. O Agni: may we attain to perfect understanding. 4 Agni Vaisvanara. Agni. BRING forth your song of praise to mighty Agni. Agni. Accordant with the Vasus and the Rudras. that strength. PRAISE of the Asura. O bright as Mitra. 7 Born in the loftiest heaven thou in a moment reachest. give us sure protection. like wind. the Manly One in whom the folk shall triumphI laud his deeds who is as strong as Indra. the place where Gods inhabit. that wealth which feedeth many. All happiness be theirs who sing and praise thee. O Jatavedas. the speedy messenger of earth and heaven. Vaisvanara when he hath grown in glory. Lord of the tribes. on earth is Agni stablished. Vaisvanara. Ensign of days. Thou dravest Dasyus from their home. with those who wake. Jatavedas. send it. Refulgent in thine undecaying lustre thou hast invested both the worlds with splendour. favouring thine offspring. Agni. hath waxen great in the lap of all the Gods Immortal. 3 For fear of thee forth fled the dark-hued races. glowing. 5 Agni. scattered abroad. shines on the tribes of men with light and treasure. 6 In thee. attend thee. Vasus seated the might of Aduras. 2 Sought in the heavens. bestow upon our chiefs and nobles that famous power. preserve us evermore with blessings. 1. for they loved thy spirit. Ye Gods. who. Vaisvanara. deserting their possessions. and lauding celebrate the Fort- . on the man who offers. Agni. 1. for Puru. HYMN VI.10 Shine this felicity on us. thou pourest riches. and broughtest forth broad light to light the Arya. Thou. both Earth and Heaven submit them to thy threefold jurisdiction. O Agni. full of splendour. loudly neighing our resonant hymns that drop with oil. Vaisvanara of mornings. thou Agni didst light up and rend their castles. high imperial Ruler. all-bounteous God. Wherewith. Vaisvanara. When. roaredst loudly when giving life to creatures. our Charioteer of riches. leader of rivers. Bull of standing waters. as fame widespreading. the tawny horses. HYMN V. 8 Send us that strength. 9 Agni.

manliest with his prowess. sweetly speaking. the Maids rejoicing in the western darkness. the Lord of riches. 2 By paths that are thine own come hither. He whom both Heaven anct Earth exalt and strengthenwhom. 5 He hath come. . and gave the Mornings to anoble Husband. joyous. Agni. have made him leader in the solemn worship. 3 The grass is strewn. 2 Sage. 1. victorious Agni. 7 Vaisvanara the God.Far far sway hath Agni chased those Dasytis. Giver of all boons. who with conquering strength subduing the tribes of Nahus made them bring their tribute. rudely-speaking niggards. I decorate with songs the mighty actions which Agni. Agni is made propitious. chosen bearer. and. bosom hath found the choicest seat in earth and heaven. himself. did aforetime. with measured motion. Sing. the joyous. Young Agni. Agni. the best of these for wisdom. As Lord in homes of men is Agni stablished. the Hotar worships. in the cast. 4 Forthwith the men. Light. at the sun's setting. unyielding tamer of assailing foemen. I SEND forth even your God. burning with eager teeth the woods and forests.-they bring him from the mountain. That Agni I extol. the Holy One. from the sea under and the sea above us. Most Youthful! thou wast born to help us. the blessed Sovran of the earth and heaven. faithless. Agni. hath taken to himself deephidden treasures: Agni hath taken them from earth and heaven. with mine adoration. Brahman. desiring to enjoy his gracious favourAgni Vaisvanara in his Parents. 6 In whose protection all men rest by nature. Food. hath turned the godless westward. Fort-destroyer. 5 Him who brake down the walls with deadly weapons. without belief or sacrifice or worship. 4 Him who brought eastward. the sacrifice advances adored as Priest. HYMN VII. 3 The foolish. Making the heights of earth roar with thy fury. like a strong courser. and is seated in man's home. Herald of sacrifice be he who knoweth he hath reached Gods. the Supporter. Invoking both All-boon-bestowing Mothers of whom.destroyer. delighting in the Gods' alliance.

yet still. He.. Agni hath shone forth when the dawn is breaking. 2 Yea. He who hath vanquished Puru in the battle. 2 Most wise is he who. forcing doors of Panis. the joyous Priest. winners of precious wealth which none may conquer? 4 Far famed is this the Bharata's own Agni he shineth like the Sun with lofty splendour. now implore thee. Bounteous God. . O Son of Strength. to Gods oblations. THE King whose face is decked with oil is kindled with homage offered by his faithful servant. 6 Be this my song. the Lord of wealth and riches. who. 7 We. Thou hast brought food to singers and to nobles. listening. 7 We. HYMN VIII. and grew among the plants with blackened fellies. Who. HYMN IX. have wrought with skill the hymn of adoration. Agni 1. Agni. brought the bright Sun to us who feedeth many. O Son of Strength. the Vasisthas. preserve us evermore with blessings. That. have advanced the people's welfare. slaying demons. the joyous Priest of men. it may delight our friend and bless the singers. the heavenly guest hath glowed in full refulgence. The men. Purifier. now implore thee. Ye Gods. He gives a signal both to Gods and mortals. Ye Gods. spreading o'er the earth. preserve us evermore with blessings. the priests adore him with oblations. O nobly born. 5 Full many oblations are in thee collected: with all thine aspects thou hast waxen gracious. the Lord of wealth and treasure. and set their thoughts on this my holy statute. Thou hast brought food to singers and to nobles. 3 How dost thou decorate our hymn. the manly. may we be lords of riches. increase thy body. he hath been acknowledged as most mighty. Agni. most sapient. the Vasisthas. O Agni? What power dost thou exert when thou art lauded? When. riches to the pious. that winneth countless treasure. Agni.6 These have passed all in glory. 1. splendid. the youthful Agni. ROUSED from their bosom is the Dawns' beloved. chasing sickness. engendered with redoubled force for Agni. made light around him. Thou art already famed as praised and lauded.

of goodly aspect. and fail not. the first. O Agni. HYMN XI. 5 Go on thy message to the Gods. 4 joined with the Vasus. who knows their generations and visits Gods. sacrifice's Herald: not without thee are deathless Gods made joyful. Agni. like the Dawn's Lover. Most Youthful God. Brhaspati All-bounteous. Agni. Agni. Bring all the Gods that they may give us riches. Waters. Child of Waters. radiant. 3 Our songs and holy hymns go forth to Agni. hath shone while Morn is breaking. with their band who pray and worship. as Priest. with the Singers. and priests who weave the sacrifice sing praises. your Jatavedas. HYMN X. the young plants hath he entered. 6 Vasistha. 2 He. GREAT art thou. 1.'er deceived. Asvins. Sing praise in choral song. For he is Lord and Ruler over riches. Him fair to see. Sarasvati. the God. HE hath sent forth. most bounteous. when enkindling thee. hath slain jarutha.The cheerful Priest. 4 Seeking our gatherings. bright. Aditi good to all men with Adityas. our gracious guest. Pure in his splendour shines the golden Hero: our longing thoughts hath he aroused and wakened. mighty. the Maruts. 3 Wise. preserve us evermore with blessings. ne. Ye Gods. O Jatavedas. 5 Men eagerly implore at sacrifices Agni. like the Sun. through still night's darkness he is made apparent. refulgent. men's messenger who carries their oblations. a Friend with good attendants. Agni. Shines forth with wondrous light before the Mornings. hath shone adorable through human ages. men's Friend and home-companion. O Agni. . uncircumscribed. Agni. the joyous Herald. he. his far-spreading lustre. and refulgent. bring thou Indra bring hither mighty Rudra with the Rudras. 1. O Agni. Give us wealth in plenty. Who gleams refulgent with his lovely lustre: the kine have waked to meet him when enkindled. seeking the God and asking him for riches. Come hither with all Deities about thee here take thy seat. rapid envoy. and for Gods' worship an unwearied envoy.

4 Lord of the lofty sacrifice is Agni. looking forth in all directions. thou art Varuna and Mitra: Vasisthas with their holy hymns exalt thee. Agni is Lord of every gift presented. Agni. 2 Thou with thy flame. so the Gods made him their oblationbearer. to please him. thou foundest. born thou lookedst on all creatures. 3 Three times a day in thee are shown the treasures sent for the mortal who presents oblation. bring the Gods to taste our presents: with Indra leading. Like an oblation on the grass. 3 O Agni. praised in the house is Agni Jatavedas. both us who laud him and our noble patrons. to him. 1. I bring this to Vaisvanara. O Agni. HYMN XIII. 5 O Agni. WE with great reverence have approached The Youngest who hath shone forth well-kindled in his dwelling. here let them be joyful. the swift. hast at thy birth filled full the earth and heaven. Ye Gods. Agni. 1. like a brisk herdsman moving round his cattle. HYMN XIV Agni. Asura-slayer. Ye Gods. TIOU with thy might. Bring the Gods hither like a man. brightly glowing. He on whose sacred grass with Gods thou sittest. With thee be most abundant gain of treasure. Vaisvanara. to undertake an envoy's duty. Vaisvanara Jatavedas. HYMN XII. O Agni. The path to prayer. settest the Gods free frodi the curse that bound them. guarding us from curses. The Vasus were contented with his wisdom. 2 Through his great might o'ercoming all misfortunes. WITH reverence and with offered gifts serve we the God whose flame is . May he protect us from disgrace and trouble. hymn-inspirer. preserve us evermore with blessings. O Agni: be thou our envoy. Convey this sacrifice to Gods in heaven. 3 Agni. when. preserve us evermore with blessings. well-worshipped. enlightener of all and thought-bestower.2 Men with oblations evermore entreat thee. With wondrous light between wide earth and heaven. BRING song and hymn to Agni. Ye Gods. are the days propitious. 1. preserve us evermore with blessings.

Eternal. Agni accept our songs. preserve us evermore with blessings. HYMN XV. with the hottest flames. Agni! God 8 Shine forth at night and morn: through thee with fires are we provided well. from the wicked men. His who is nearest kin to us: 2 Who for the Fivefold People's take hath seated him in every home Wise. And Did give us what is good. . Ye Gods. 9 The men come near thee for their gain. we set thee down. 3 On all sides may that Agni guard our household folk and property. Infallible! by day and night. preserve us from distress: consume our enemies. art our Friend. meet for praise. Agni drives Raksasas away. come. Agni. from sorrow. God of blessed light! with our oblation. O Worshipped Onel Bright. God. with praises: Honour thee. Agni. may we perform thy rites with fuel. 7 Lord of the house. rich in heroes. bring us abundant wealth. with the Gods to our invoking. O God. Immortal with refulgent glow. Priest of sacrifice! with butter. 11 As such. the bounteous God's whom we must serve. Like wealth of one with hero sons. Thou. Master of the house. pleased. OFFER oblations in his mouth. eve and morn.bright: Let us bring Jatavedas fuel. be thou a mighty iron fort to us. May we be his who pays thee. 3 Come. best of worshippers. Purifier. With hundred walls for man's defence. comes near to thee. whom men must seek. O Holy one. 10 Bright. Falcon of the sky: Will he not give us of his wealth? 5 Whose lories when he glows in front of sacrite are fair to see. 6 May he enjoy this hallowed gift. due honour. Youthful. May he deliver us from woe. irresistible. to offerings sanctified with Vasat. Agni. 4 I have begotten this new hymn for Agni. who bears Oblations. 2 Agni. for this thou canst May Bhaga give us what is choice. rich in heroes. thee. 14 And. 1. 12 Thou. thousandfold. the singers with their songs of praise: Speech. 15 Do thou preserve us. 13 Agni. givest hero fame: Bhaga and Savitar the God. and adore Agni when we invoke the Gods. and honour thee. young Child of Strength.

1. WITH this my reverent hymn I call Agni for you, the Son of Strength,
Dear, wisest envoy, served with noble sacrifice, immortal messenger of all.
2 His two red horses, all-supporting, let him yoke: let him, well-worshipped,
urge them fast.
Then hath the sacrifice good prayers and happy end, and heavenly gift of
wealth to men.
3 The flame of him the Bountiful, the Much-invoked, hath mounted up,
And his red-coloured smoke-clouds reach and touch the sky: the men are
kindling Agni well.
4 Thee, thee Most Glorious One we make our messenger. Bring the Gods
hither to the feast.
Give us, O Son of Strength, all food that fcedeth man: give that for which
we pray to thee.
5 Thou, Agni, art the homestead's Lord, our Herald at the sacrifice.
Lord of all boons, thou art the Cleanser and a Sage. Pay worship, and enjoy
the good.
6 Give riches to the sacrificer, O Most Wise, for thou art he who granteth
Inspire with zeal each priest at this our solemn rite; all who are skilled in
singing praise.
7 O Agni who art worshipped well, dear let our princes he to thee,
Our wealthy patrons who are governors of men, who part, as gifts, their
stalls of kine.
8 They in whose home, her hand bearing the sacred oil, Ila sits down wellsatisfiedGuard them, Victorious God, from slander and from harm. give us a refuge
famed afar.
9 Do thou, a Priest with pleasant tongue, most wise, and very near to us,
Agni, bring riches hither to our liberal chiefs, and speed the oflering of our
10 They who bestow as bounty plenteous wealth of steeds, moved by desire
of great renownDo thou with saving help preserve them from distress, Most Youthful! with a
hundred forts.
11 The God who gives your wealth demands a full libation poured to him.
Pour ye it forth, then fill the vessel full again: then doth the God pay heed
to you.
12 Him have the Gods appointed Priest of sacrifice, oblation-bearer, passing
Agni gives wealth and valour to the worshipper, to folk who offer up their

1. AGNI, be kindled well with proper fuel, and let the grass be scattered

wide about thee.
2 Let the impatient Portals be thrown open bring thou the Gods impatient to
come hither.
3 Taste, Agni: serve the Gods with our oblation. Offer good sacrifices,
4 Let Jatavedas pay fair sacrifices, worship andgratify the Gods Immortal.
5 Wise God, win for us things that are all-goodly, and let the prayers, we
pray today be fruitful.
6 Thee, even thee, the Son of Strength, O Agni, those Gods have made the
bearer of oblations.
7 To thee the God may we perform our worship: do thou, besought, grant us
abundant riches.

1. ALL is with thee, O Indra, all the treasures which erst our fathers won
who sang thy praises.
With thee are milch-kine good to milk, and horses: best winner thou of
riches for the pious.
2 For like a King among his wives thou dwellest: with glories, as a Sage,
surround and help us.
Make us, thy servants, strong for wealth, and honour our songs wirth kine
and steeds and decoration.
3 Here these our holy hymns with joy and gladness in pious emulation have
approached thee.
Hitherward come thy path that leads to riches: may we find shelter in thy
favour, Indra.
4 Vasistha hath poured forth his prayers, desiring to milk thee like a cow in
goodly pasture.
All these my people call thee Lord of cattle: may Indra. come unto the
prayer we offer.
5 What though the floods spread widely, Indra made them shallow and easy
for Sudas to traverse.
He, worthy of our praises, caused the Simyu, foe of our hymn, to curse the
rivers' fury.
6 Eager for spoil was Turvasa Purodas, fain to win wealth, like fishes urged
by hunger.
The Bhrgus and the Druhyus quickly listened: friend rescued friend mid the
two distant peoples.
7 Together came the Pakthas, the Bhalanas, the Alinas, the Sivas, the
Yet to the Trtsus came the Arya's Comrade, through love of spoil and
heroes' war, to lead them.
8 Fools, in their folly fain to waste her waters, they parted inexhaustible
Lord of the Earth, he with his might repressed them: still lay the herd and
the affrighted herdsman.

9 As to their goal they sped to their destruetion: they sought Parusni; e'en
the swift returned not.
Indra abandoned, to Sudas the manly, the swiftly flying foes, unmanly
10 They went like kine unherded from the pasture, each clinging to a friend
as chance directed.
They who drive spotted steeds, sent down by Prsni, gave ear, the Warriors
and the harnessed horses.
11 The King who scattered one-and-twenty people of both Vaikarna tribes
through lust of gloryAs the skilled priest clips grass within the chamber, so hath the Hero Indra,
wrought their downfall.
12 Thou, thunder-armed, o'erwhelmedst in the waters famed ancient Kavasa
and then the Druhyu.
Others here claiming friendship to their friendship, devoted unto thee, in
thee were joyful.
13 Indra at once with conquering might demolished all their strong places
and their seven castles.
The goods of Anu's son he gave to Trtsu. May we in sacrifice conquer scorned
14 The Anavas and Druhyus, seeking booty, have slept, the sixty hundred,
yea, six thousand,
And six-and-sixty heroes. For the pious were all these mighty exploits done
by Indra.
15 These Trtsus under Indra's careful guidance came speeding like loosed
waters rushing downward.
The foemen, measuring exceeding closely, abandoned to Sudas all their
16 The hero's side who drank the dressed oblation, Indra's denier, far o'er
earth he scattered.
Indra brought down the fierce destroyer's fury. He gave them various roads,
the path's Controller.
17 E'en with the weak he wrought this matchless exploit: e'en with a goat he
did to death a lion.
He pared the pillar's angles with a needle. Thus to Sudas Indra gave all
18 To thee have all thine enemies submitted: e'en the fierce Bheda hast
thou made thy subject.
Cast down thy sharpened thunderbolt, O Indra, on him who harms the men
who sing thy praises.
19 Yamuna and the Trtsus aided Indra. There he stripped Bheda bare of all
his treasures.
The Ajas and the Sigrus and the Yaksus brought in to him as tribute heads of
20 Not to be scorned, but like Dawns past and recent, O Indra, are thy
favours and thy riches.

Devaka, Manyamana's son, thou slewest, and smotest Sambara from the lofty
21 They who, from home, have gladdened thee, thy servants Parasara,
Vasistha, Satayatu,
Will not forget thy friendship, liberal Giver. So shall the days dawn
prosperous for the princes.
22 Priest-like, with praise, I move around the altar, earning Paijavana's
reward, O Agni,
Two hundred cows from Devavan's descendant, two chariots from Sudas with
mares to draw them.
23 Gift of Paijavana, four horses bear me in foremost place, trained steeds
with pearl to deck them.
Sudas's brown steeds, firmly-stepping, carry me and my son for progeny and
24 Him whose fame spreads between wide earth and heaven, who, as
dispenser, gives each chief his portion,
Seven flowing Rivers glorify like Indra. He slew Yudhyamadhi in close
25 Attend on him O ye heroic Maruts as on Sudas's father Divodasa.
Further Paijavana's desire with favour. Guard faithfully his lasting firm

HYMN XIX. Indra.
1. HE like a bull with sharpened horns, terrific, singly excites and agitates
all the people:
Thou givest him who largely pours libations his goods who pours not, for his
own possession.
2 Thou, verily, Indra, gavest help to Kutsa, willingly giving car to him in
When, aiding Arjuneya, thou subduedst to him both Kuyava and the Dasa
3 O Bold One, thou with all thine aids hast boldly holpen Sudas whose
offerings were accepted,
Puru in winning land and slaying foemen, and Trasadasyu son of Purukutsa.
4 At the Gods' banquet, hero-souled! with Heroes, Lord of Bay Steeds, thou
slewest many foemen.
Thou sentest in swift death to sleep the Dasyu, both Cumuri and Dhuni, for
5 These were thy mighty powers that, Thunder-wielder, thou swiftly
crushedst nine-and-ninety castles:
Thou capturedst the hundredth in thine onslaught; thou slewest Namuci,
thou slewest Vrtra.
6 Old are the blessings, Indra, which thou gavest Sudas the worshipper who
brought oblations.
For thee, the Strong, I yoke thy strong Bay Horses: may our prayers reach
thee and win strength, Most Mighty!

7 Give us not up, Lord of Bay Horses, Victor, in this thine own assembly, to
the wicked.
Deliver us with true and faithful succours: dear may we be to thee among
the princes.
8 May we men, Maghavan, the friends thou lovest, near thee be joyful under
thy protection.
Fain to fulfil the wish of Atithigva humble. the pride of Turvasa and Yadva.
9 Swiftly, in truth, O Maghavan, about thee men skilled in hymning sing their
songs and praises. '
Elect us also into their assembly who by their calls on thee despoiled the
10 Thine are these lauds, O manliest of heroes, lauds which revert to us and
give us riches.
Favour these, Indra, when they fight with faemen, as Friend and Hero and
the heroes' Helper.
11 Now, lauded for thine aid, Heroic Indra, sped by our prayer, wax mighty
in thy body.
Apportion to us strength and habitations. Ye Gods, protect us evermore with

HYMN XX. Indra.
1. STRONG, Godly-natured, born for hero exploit, man's Friend, hedoth
whatever deed he willeth.
Saving us e'en from great transgression, Indra, the Youthful, visiteth man's
home with favour.
2 Waxing greatness Indra slayeth Vrtra: the Hero with his aid hath helped
the singer.
He gave Sudas wide room and space, and often hath granted wealth to him
who brought oblations.
3 Soldier unchecked, war-rousing, battling Hero, unconquered from of old,
victorious ever,
Indra the very strong hath scattered armies; yea, he hath slain each foe who
fought against him.
4 Thou with thy greatness hast filled full, O Indra, even both the worlds with
might, O thou Most Mighty.
Lord of Bays, Indra, brandishing his thunder, is gratified with Soma at the
5 A Bull begat the Bull for joy of battle, and a strong Mother brought forth
him the manly.
He who is Chief of men, their armies' Leader, is strong Hero, bold, and fain
for booty.
6 The people falter not, nor suffer sorrow, who win themselves this God's
terrific spirit.
He who with sacrifices worships Indra is lord of wealth, law-born and law's
7 Whene'er the elder fain would help the younger the greater cometh to the

lesser's present.
Shall the Immortal sit aloof' inactive? O Wondrous Indra, bring us wondrous
8 Thy dear folk, Indra, who present oblations, are, in chief place, thy
friends, O Thunder-wielder.
May we be best content in this thy favour, sheltered by One who slays not,
but preserves us.
9 To thee the mighty hymn hath clamoured loudly, and, Maghavan, the
eloquent hath besought thee.
Desire of wealth hath come upon thy singer: help us then, gakra, to our
share of riches.
10 Place us by food which thou hast given, O Indra, us and the wealthy
patrons who command us.
Let thy great power bring good to him who lauds thee. Ye Gods, preserve us
evermore with blessings.

HYMN XXI. Indra.
1. PRESSED is the juice divine with milk commingled: thereto hath Indra
ever been accustomed.
We wake thee, Lord of Bays, with sacrifices: mark this our laud in the wild
joy of Soma.
2 On to the rite they move, the grass they scatter, these Soma-drinkers
eloquent in synod.
Hither, for men to grasp, are brought the press-stones, far-thundering,
famous, strong, that wait on heroes.
3 Indra, thou settest free the many waters that were encompassed, Hero, by
the Dragon.
Down rolled, as if on chariots borne, the rivers: through fear of thee all
things created tremble.
4 Skilled in all manly deeds the God terrific hath with his weapons mastered
these opponents.
Indra in rapturous joy shook down their castles he slew them in his might,
the Thunder-wielder.
5 No evil spirits have impelled us, Indra, nor fiends, O Mightiest God, with
their devices.
Let our true God subdue the hostile rabble: let not the lewd approach our
holy worship.
6 Thou in thy strength surpassest Earth and Heaven: the regions comprehend
not all thy greatness.
With thine own power and might thou slewest Vrtra: no foe hath found the
end of thee in battle.
7 Even the earlier Deities submitted their powers to thy supreme divine
Indra wins wealth and deals it out to other's: men in the strife for booty call
on Indra.
8 The humble hath invoked thee for protection, thee, Lord of great felicity,

O Indra.
Thou with a hundred aids hast been our Helper: one who brings gifts like
thee hath his defender.
9 May we, O Indra, be thy friends for ever, eagerly, Conqueror, yielding
greater homage.
May, through thy grace, the strength of us who battle quell in the shock the
onset of the foeman.
10 Place us by food which thou hast given, O Indra, us and the wealthy
patrons who command us.
Let thy great power bring good to him who lauds thee. Ye Gods, preserve us
evermore with blessings.

1. DRINK Soma, Lord of Bays, and let it cheer thee: Indra, the stone, like a
well guided courser,
Directed by the presser's arms hath pressed it.
2 So let the draught of joy, thy dear companion, by which, O Lord of Bays,
thou slayest foemen,
Delight thee, Indra, Lord of princely treasures.
3 Mark closely, Maghavan, the words I utter, this eulogy recited by Vasistha:
Accept the prayers I offer at thy banquet.
4 Hear thou the call of the juice-drinking press-stone: hear thou the
Brahman's hymn who sings and lauds thee.
Take to thine inmost self these adorations.
5 I know and ne'er forget the hymns and praises of thee, the Conqueror, and
thy strength immortal.
Thy name I ever utter. Self-Refulgent
6 Among mankind many are thy libations, and many a time the pious
sageinvokes thee.
O Maghavan, be not long distant from us.
7 All these libations are for thee, O Hero: to thee I offer these my prayers.
that strengthen.
Ever, in every place, must men invoke thee.
8 Never do men attain, O Wonder-Worker, thy greatness, Mighty One, who
must be lauded,
Nor, Indra, thine heroic power and bounty.
9 Among all Rsis, Indra, old and recent, who have engendered hymns as
sacred singers,
Even with us be thine auspicious friendships. Ye Gods, preserve us evermore
with blessings.

1. PRAYERS have been offered up through love of glory: Vasistha, honour
Indra in the battle.
He who with might extends through all existence hears words which I, his
faithful servant, utter.

2 A cry was raised which reached the Gods, O Indra, a cry to them to send
us strength in combat.
None among men knows his own life's duration: bear us in safety over these
our troubles.
3 The Bays, the booty-seeking car I harness: my prayers have reached him
who accepts them gladly.
Indra, when he had slain resistless foemen, forced with his might the two
world-halves asunder.
4 Like barren cows, moreover, swelled the waters: the singen sought thy
holy rite, O Indra.
Come unto us as with his team comes Vayu: thou, through our solemn hymns
bestowest booty.
5 So may these gladdening draughts rejoice thee, Indra, the Mighty, very
bounteous to the singer.
Alone among the Gods thou pitiest mortals: O Hero, make thee glad at this
6 Thus the Vasisthas glorify with praises Indra, the Powerful whose arm
wields thunder.
Praised, may he guard our wealth in kine and heroes. Ye Gods, preserve us
evermore with blessings.

1. A HOME is made for thee to dwell in, Indra: O Much-invoked, go
thitherwith the heroes.
That thou, to prosper us, mayst be our Helper, vouchsafe us wealth, rejoice
with draughts of Soma.
2 Indra, thy wish, twice-strong, is comprehended: pressed is the Soma,
poured are pleasant juices.
This hymn of praise, from loosened tongue, made perfect, draws Indra to
itself with loud invoking.
3 Come, thou Impetuous; God, from earth or heaven; come to our holy grass
to drink the Soma.
Hither to me let thy Bay Horses bring thee to listen to our hymns and make
thee joyful.
4 Come unto us with all thine aids, accordant, Lord of Bay Steeds, accepting
our devotions,
Fair-helmeted, o'ercoming with the mighty, and lending us the strength of
bulls, O Indra.
5 As to the chariot pole a vigorous courser, this laud is brought to the great
strong Upholder.
This hymn solicits wealth of thee: in heaven, as 'twere above the sky, set
thou our glory.
6 With precious things. O Indra, thus content us: may we attain to thine
exalted favour.
Send our chiefs plenteous food with hero children. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

HYMN XXV. Indra.
WHEN with thy mighty help, O potent Indra, the armies rush together in
their fury.
When from the strong man's arm the lightning flieth, let not the mind go
forth to side with others.
2 O Indra, where the ground is hard to traverse, smite down our foes, the
mortals who assail us,
Keep far from us the curse of the reviler: bring us accumulated store of
3 God of the fair helm, give Sudas a hundred succours, a thousand blessings,
and thy bounty.
Strike down the weapon of our mortal foeman: bestow upon us splendid
fame and riches.
4 I wait the power of one like thee, O Indra, gifts of a Helper such as thou
art, Hero.
Strong, Mighty God, dwell with me now and ever: Lord of Bay Horses, do not
thou desert us.
5 Here are the Kutsas supplicating Indra for might, the Lord of Bays for Godsent conquest.
Make our foes ever easy to be vanquished: may we, victorious, win the spoil,
O Hero.
6 With precious things, O Indra, thus content us: may we attain to thine
exalted favour.
Send our chiefs plenteous food with hero children. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

1. SOMA unpressed ne'er gladdened liberal Indra, no juices pressed without a
prayer have pleased him.
I generate a laud that shall delight him, new and heroic, so that he may
hear us.
2 At every laud the Soma gladdens Indra: pressed juices please him as each
psalm is chanted,
What time the priests with one united effort call him to aid, as sons invoke
their father.
3 These deeds he did; let him achieve new exploits, such as the priests
declare at their libations.
Indra hath taken and possessed all castles, like as one common husband
doth his spouses.
4 Even thus have they declared him. Famed is Indra as Conqueror, sole
distributer of treasures;
Whose many succours come in close succession. May dear delightful benefits
attend us.
5 Thus, to bring help to men, Vasistha laudeth Indra, the peoples' Hero, at

Bestow upon us strength and wealth in thousands. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

1. MEN call on Indra in the armed encounter that he may make the hymns
they sing decisive.
Hero, rejoicing in thy might, in combat give us a portion of the stall of
2 Grant, Indra Maghavan, invoked of many, to these my friends the strength
which thou possessest.
Thou, Maghavan, hast rent strong places open: unclose for us, Wise God, thy
hidden bounty.
3 King of the living world, of men, is Indra, of all in varied form that earth
Thence to the worshipper he giveth riches: may he enrich us also when we
laud him.
4 Maghavan Indra, when we all invoke him, bountiful ever sendeth strength
to aid us:
Whose perfect guerdon, never failing, bringeth wealth to the men, to
friends the thing they covet.
5 Quick, Indra, give us room and way to riches, and let us bring thy mind to
grant us treasures,
That we may win us cars and Steeds and cattle. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

1. COME to our prayers, O Indra, thou who knowest: let thy Bay Steeds be
yoked and guided hither.
Though mortal men on every side invoke thee, still give thine ear to us, O
2 Thy greatness reacheth to our invocation, the sages' prayer which, Potent
God, thou guardest.
What time thy hand, O Mighty, holds the thunder, awful in strength thou
hast become resistless.
3 What time thou drewest both world-halves together, like heroes led by
thee who call each otherFor thou wast born for strength and high dominion-then e'en the active
overthrew the sluggish.
4 Honour us in these present days, O Indra, for hostile men are making
Our sin that sinless Varuna discovered, the Wondrous-Wise hath long ago
5 We will address this liberal Lord, this Indra, that he may grant us gifts of
ample riches,
Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

1. THIS Soma hath been pressed for thee, O Indra: come hither, Lord of
Bays, for this thou lovest.
Drink of this fair, this well-effused libation: Maghavan, give us wealth when
we implore thee.
2 Come to us quickly with thy Bay Steeds, Hero, come to our prayer,
accepting our devotion.
Enjoy thyself aright at this libation, and listen thou unto the prayers we
3 What satisfaction do our hymns afford thee? When, Maghavan? Now let us
do thee service.
Hymns, only hymns, with love for thee, I weave thee: then hear, O Indra,
these mine invocations.
4 They, verily, were also human beings whom thou wast wont to hear, those
earlier sages.
Hence I, O Indra Maghavan, invoke thee: thou art our Providence, even as a
5 We will address this liberal Lord, this Indra, that he may grant us gifts of
ample riches,
Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.

HYMN XXX. Indra.
1. WITH power and strength, O Mighty God, approach us: be the augmenter,
Indra, of these riches;
Strong Thunderer, Lord of men, for potent valour, for manly exploit and for
high dominion.
2 Thee, worth invoking, in the din of battle, heroes invoke in fray for life
and sunlight.
Among all people thou art foremost fighter: give up our enemies to easy
3 When fair bright days shall dawn on us, O Indra, and thou shalt bring thy
banner near in battle,
Agni the Asura shall sit as Herald, calling Gods hither for our great good
4 Thine are we, Indra, thine, both these who praise thee, and those who
give rich gifts, O God and Hero.
Grant to our princes excellent protection, may they wax old and still be
strong and happy.
5 We will address this liberal Lord, this Indra that he may grant us gifts of
ample riches:
Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.


1. SING ye a song, to make him glad, to Indra, Lord of Tawny Steeds,
The Soma-drinker, O my friends.
2 To him the Bounteous say the laud, and let us glorify, as men May do, the
Giver of true gifts.
3 O Indra, Lord of boundless might, for us thou winnest strength and kine,
Thou winnest gold for us, Good Lord.
4 Faithful to thee we loudly sing, heroic Indra, songs to thee: Mark, O Good
Lord, this act of ours.
5 Give us not up to man's reproach, to foeman's hateful calumny: In thee
alone is all my strength.
6 Thou art mine ample coat of mail, my Champion, Vrtra-Slayer, thou:
With thee for Friend I brave the foe.
7 Yea, great art thou whose conquering might two independent Powers
The Heaven, O India, and the Earth.
8 So let the voice surround thee, which attends the Maruts on their way,
Reaching thee with the rays of light.
9 Let the ascending drops attain to thee, the Wondrous God, in heaven:
Let all the folk bow down to thee.
10 Bring to the Wise, the Great, who waxeth mighty, your offerings, and
make ready your devotion;
To many clans he goeth, man's controller.
11 For Indra, the sublime, the far-pervading, have singers generated prayer
and praises:
The sages never violate his statutes.
12 The choirs have stablished Indra King for ever, for victory, him whose
anger is resistless:
And, for the Bays' Lord, strengthened those he loveth.

1. LET none, no, not thy worshippers, delay thee far away from us.
Even from far away come thou unto our feast, or listen if already here.
2 For here, like flies on honey, these who pray to thee sit by the juice that
they have poured.
Wealth-craving singers have on Indra set their hope, as men set foot upon a
3 Longing for wealth I call on him, the Thunderer with the strong right hand,
As a son calleth on his sire.
4 These Soma juices, mixed with curd, have been expressed for Indra here.
Come with thy Bay Steeds, Thunder-wielder, to our home, to drink them till
they make thee glad.
5 May he whose ear is open hear us. He is asked for wealth: will he despise
our prayer?
Him who bestows at once a hundred thousand gifts none shall restrain when
he would give.
6 The hero never checked by men hath gained his strength through Indra, he

Who presses out and pours his deep libations forth, O Vrtra-slayer, unto
7 When thou dost drive the fighting men together be, thou Mighty One, the
mighty's shield.
May we divide the wealth of him whom thou hast slain: bring us,
Unreachable, his goods.
8 For Indra, Soma-drinker, armed with thunder, press the Soma juice.
Make ready your dressed meats: cause him to favour us. The Giver blesses
him who gives.
9 Grudge not, ye Soma pourers; stir you, pay the rites, for wealth, to the
great Conqueror.
Only the active conquers dwells in peace, and thrives: not for the niggard
are the Gods.
10 No one hath overturned or stayed the car of him who freely gives.
The man whom Indra and the Marut host defend comes to a stable full of
11 Indra, that man when fighting shall obtain the spoil, whose strong
defender thou wilt be.
Be thou the gracious helper, Hero I of our cars, be thou the helper of our
12 His portion is exceeding great like a victorious soldier's spoil.
Him who is Indra, Lord of Bays, no foes subdue. He gives the Soma-pourer
13 Make for the Holy Gods a hymn that is not mean, but well-arranged and
fair of form.
Even many snares and bonds subdue not him who dwells with Indra through
his sacrifice.
14 Indra, what mortal will attack the man who hath his wealth in thee?
The strong will win the spoil on the decisive day through faith in thee, O
15 In battles with the foe urge on our mighty ones who give the treasures
dear to thee,
And may we with our princes, Lord of Tawny Steeds! pass through all peril,
led by thee.
16 Thine, Indra, is the lowest wealth, thou cherishest the mid-most wealth,
Thou ever rulest all the highest: in the fray for cattle none resisteth thee.
17 Thou art renowned as giving wealth to every one in all the battles that
are fought.
Craving protection, all these people of the earth, O Much-invoked, implore
thy name.
18 If I, O Indra, were the Lord of riches ample as thine own,
I should support the singer, God. who givest wealth! and not abandon him to
19 Each day would I enrich the man who sang my praise, in whatsoever
place he were.
No kinship is there better, Maghavan, than thine: a father even is no more.

20 With Plenty for his true ally the active man will gain the spoil.
Your Indra, Much-invoked, I bend with song, as bends a wright his wheel of
solid wood.
21 A moral wins no riches by unworthy praise: wealth comes not to the
niggard churl.
Light is the task to give, O Maghavan, to one like me on the decisive day.
22 Like kine unmilked we call aloud, Hero, to thee, and sing thy praise,
Looker on heavenly light, Lord of this moving world, Lord, Indra, of what
moveth not.
23 None other like to thee, of earth or of the heavens, hath been or ever
will be born.
Desiring horses, Indra Maghavan! and kine, as men of might we call on thee.
24 Bring, Indra, the Victorious Ones; bring, elder thou, the younger host.
For, Maghavan, thou art rich in treasures from of old, and must be called in
every fight.
25 Drive thou away our enemies, O Maghavan: make riches easy to be won.
Be thou our good Protector in the strife for spoil: Cherisher of our friends be
26 O Indra, give us wisdom as a sire gives wisdom to his sons.
Guide us, O Much-invoked, in this our way may we still live and look upon
the light.
27 Grant that no mighty foes, unknown, malevolent, unhallowed, tread us to
the ground.
With thine assistance, Hero, may we ass through all the waters that are
rul`ng down.

1. THESE who wear hair-knots on the right, the movers of holy thought,
white-robed, have won me over.
I warned the men, when from the grass I raised me, Not from afar can my
Vasisthas help you.
2 With soma they brought Indra from a distance, Over Vaisanta, from the
strong libation.
Indra preferred Vasisthas to the Soma pressed by the son of Vayata,
3 So, verily, with these he crossed the river, in company with these he
slaughtered Bheda.
So in the fight with the Ten Kings, Vasisthas! did Indra help Sudas through
your devotions.
4 I gladly, men I with prayer prayed by our fathers have fixed your axle: ye
shall not be injured:
Since, when ye sang aloud the Sakvari verses, Vasisthas! ye invigorated
5 Like thirsty men they looked to heaven, in battle with the Ten Kings,
surrounded and imploring.
Then Indra heard Vasistha as he praised him, and gave the Trtsus ample

room and freedom.
6 Like sticks and staves wherewith they drive the cattle, Stripped bare, the
Bharatas were found defenceless:
Vasistha then became their chief and leader: then widely. were the Trtsus'
clans extended.
7 Three fertilize the worlds with genial moisture: three noble Creatures cast
a light before them.
Three that give warmth to all attend the morning. All these have they
discovered, these Vasisthas.
8 Like the Sun's growing glory is their splendour, and like the sea's is their
unflathomed greatness.
Their course is like the wind's. Your laud, Vasisthas, can never be attained
by any other.
9 They with perceptions of the heart in secret resort to that which spreads a
thousand branches.
The Apsaras brought hither the Vasisthas wearing the vesture spun for them
by Yama.
10 A form of lustre springing from the lightning wast thou, when Varuna and
Mitra saw thee.
Tliy one and only birth was then, Vasistha, when from thy stock Agastya
brought thee hither.
11 Born of their love for Urvasi, Vasistha thou, priest, art son of Varuna and
And as a fallen drop, in heavenly fervour, all the Gods laid thee on a lotusblossorn.
12 He thinker, knower both of earth and heaven, endowed with many a gift,
bestowing thousands,
Destined to wear the vesture spun by Yama, sprang from the Apsaras to life,
13 Born at the sacrifice, urged by adorations, both with a common flow
bedewed the pitcher.
Then from the midst thereof there rose up Mana, and thence they say was
born the sage Vasistha.
14 He brings the bearer of the laud and Saman: first shall he speak bringing
the stone for pressing.
With grateful hearts in reverence approach him: to you, O Pratrdas, Vasistha

HYMN XXXIV Visvedevas.
1. MAY our divine and brilliant hymn go forth, like a swift chariot wrought
and fashioned well.
2 The waters listen as they flow along: they know the origin of heaven and
3 Yea, the broad waters swell their flood ior him: of him strong heroes think
amid their foes.
4 Set ye for him the coursers to the pole: like Indra Thunderer is the Golden-

9 Closely albout you lay your heavenly song. seeking wealth. 15 Accordant with the Gods choose for our Friend the Waters' Child: may he be good to us. and Varuna in heaven. that we may hold great wealth in firm possession. 6 Go swift to battles. 17 Ne'er may the Dragon of the Deep harm us: ne'er fail this faithful servant's sacrifice. May all the Maruts give consent. 20 What time our wives draw near to us. to sacrifice speed gladly like a traveller on the way. and make the envier's praise devoid of light. be our refuge. and may Aramati. 22 May they who lavish gifts bestow those treasures: may Rodasi and Varunani listen. and Agni. no demon I invoke the Gods: by law completing it. left-handed Tvastar. be ours.armed. 7 Up from his strength hath risen as 'twere a light: it bears the load as earth bears living things. 19 Leading great hosts. Mighty. Varuna. a hero for the folk. Herbs. with the Varutris. King of kings. may bountiful Tvastar give us store of riches. 5 Arouse you. may he. 13 May the foes' threatening arrow pass us by: may he put far from us our bodies' sin. I form a hymn. Trees accept the . May he. 25 May Indra. oblation-cater. 18 To these our heroes may they grant renown: may pious men march boldly on to wealth. 8 Agni. whose Friend is Indra. 16 With lauds I sing the Dragon born of floods: he sits beneath the streams in middle air. 11 He. beholds the paths wherein these rivers run. with a thousand eyes. 24 To this may both the wide Worlds lend approval. 12 May he assist us among all the tribes. and send your voice to where the Gods abide. with fierce attacks of these. 14 Agni. they burn their foes as the Sun burns the earth. 10 Varuna. 23 So may rich Mountains and the liberal Waters. so may all Herbs that grow on ground. through our prayers aid us: to him our dearest laud is brought. the glory of the floods. 21 May Tvastar find our hymn acceptable. to the sacrifice: set up a flag. o'er all that liveth hath resistless sway. the Victors. And Earth accordant with the Forest-Sovrans. like the days. give us hero sons. Mitra. Waters. and Heaven. and both the World-halves round about protect us.

the Mountain. the Air that cherisheth our life. with the Rudras. be the Healer Rudra. and. auspicious be the Rivers and the Waters. The blessing of the true and well-conducted. loud in song. and devotions. and let the radiant Mornings be propitious. 1. Visvedevas. the Stones for pressing. 4 Favour us Agni with his face of splendour. Blest be the fixing of the sacred Pillars. blest be the tender Grass and blest the Altar. 6 Be the God Indra with the Vasus friendly. Auspicious be the firmly-seated Mountains. 3 Kind unto us he Maker and Sustainer. Sathsa. 7 Blest unto us be Soma. auspicious be the field's benign Protector. and Varuva and Mitra and the Asvins. may Heaven and Earth be friendly. . and may the Maruts. blest be the Sacrifice. Sarasvati. Indra and Pusan be our help in battle. strength and comfort. 8 May the far-seeing Sun rise up to bless us: be the four Quarters of the sky auspicious. 10 Prosper us Savitar. and Aryaman in many forms apparent. BEFRIEND us with their aids Indra and Agni. and Air's mid-region good for us to look on. May Visnu give felicity. HYMN XXXV. 11 May all the fellowship of Gods befriend us. impetuous vita blow on us with favour. and Vayu. Favour us noble actions of the pious.praise we offer. gracious the Lord Victorious of the region. with the Dames. Auspicious unto us be Earth and Heaven. To us may Herbs and Forest-Trees be gracious. Varuna who blesseth. Protect us evermore. 2 Auspicious Friends to us be Bhaga. be gracious. with Adityas. Kind. ye Gods. with Holy Thoughts. and the far-reaching Pair with Godlike natures. 9 May Adid through holy works be gracioas. and the Gods' fair invocations. May we find refuge in the Marut's bosom. Auspicious to all creatures be Parjanya. auspicious be Purandhi aid all Riches. the God who rescues. with blessings. Indra and Varuna who receive oblations! Indra and Soma give health. 5 Early invoked. and. may Tvastar kindly listen. and Pusan. be friendly.

the seventhWith copious milk. Kind be the pious skilful-handed Rbhus. wise Aryaman who yokes thy dear Bay Horses. Voracious. 3 The movements of the gliding wind come hither: like cows. this hymn to you. O Varuna and Mitra. rejoicing. with thy noble car.Friendly be they. 13 May Aja-Ekapad. and Ocean. 15 They who of Holy Gods are very holy. anew I offer. the springs are filled to overflowing. speaking. whom man must worship. be gracious. O Hero. 5 In their own place of sacrifice adorers worship to gain long life and win his friendship. him who defeats the wrath of the malicious. Vasus. the dearest reverence. HYMN XXXVI. the God. and Mitra. Mother of Floods. With lofty ridges earth is far extended. Preserve us evermore.Sarasvati. and the Cow's offipring hear our invocation. Let not swift-moving Aksara neglect us: they have increased our own . with blessings. strongly flowing. O Indra. gracious be Prsni who hath Gods to guard her. paid to Rudra. 7. Visvedevas 1. too. One of you is a strong unerring Leader. Gracious be he the swelling Child of Waters. like food. be this. those who dwell in heaven. He hath poured food on men when they have praised him. 6 Coming together. 4 May I bring hither with my song. stirreth men to labour. Born in the station e'en of lofty heaven the Bull hath loudly bellowed in this region. ye Gods. aid our devotion and protect our offspring. full swelling with the volume of their water. yea. 12 May the great Lords of Truth protect and aid us: blest to us be our horses and our cattle. May all the Holy Ones of earth and heaven. gracious the Dragon of the Deep. LET the prayer issue from the seat of Order. And may the mighty Maruts. knowing Law. loudly roaring .May these to-day give us broad paths to travel. in waters. the Liberal Ones who seek us. 14 So may the Rudras. kind be the Fathers at our invocations. Immortal. on earth. with fair streams. and Agni's flame hath lit the spacious surface. 2 O Asuras. for Surya with his beams hath loosed the cattle. and Adityas accept the new hymn which we now are making. glorious.

bring you Vajas and Rbhuksans. at our libations to delight you. and when. 4 Indra. 9 May this our song of praise reach you. ON high hath Savitar. Lord of Bay Steeds. give our rich patrons unmolested riches. at our sacrifices. thrice-mixed. as our strength. O Indra. high-famed. through hymns. Preserve us evermore. 8 Bring ye the great Aramati before you. O Bounteous One. Savitar. Bhaga who looks upon this hymn with favour. and Pusan as the Hero of the synod. wilt thou grant us riches? 6 To us thy priests a home. O Maruts. O Savitar: may riches come unto us in Parvata's full bounty. ne'er injured. heavenly-natured. With three close Friends to length of days he cometh. Preserve us evermore. and Visnu guardian of the future infant. Lord of Bay Steeds. thou givest: when. 1. 2 Ye who behold the light of heaven. Indra wilt thou recognize our praises? May thy strong Steed. which thou hast favoured. ye Gods. HYMN XXXVIII. Rbhuksans. For thee with friendly succour have we battled. Drink. Autumns with food in plenty come to Indra. and give us bounties for the hymns we sing you. singing to the dwelling.appropriate riches. through our ancestral worship. May the Celestial Guardian still attend us. as Vaja and Rbhuksans. LET your best-bearing car that must be lauded. at parting treasure whether small or ample. this God. 7 Though Nirrti the Goddess reigneth round him. HYMN XXXVII. and. extended the golden lustre which he . the bountiful Purandbi. art used to giving. bring food and wealth with heroes to our dwelling. as 'twere. fair-helmeted! with mighty Soma. Fill you. 5 Thou winnest swift advancement for thy servant. with blessings. Visvedevas. 3 For thou. 1. with blessings. May they vouchsafe the singer strength for offspring. 8 Promise us gifts. thou goest working. ye Gods. this day may we Vasisthas offer our prayers to thee and bring oblations. Filled full are both thine arms with great possessions: thy goodness keeps thee not from granting riches. he whom men let not rest at home in quiet.

now must Bhaga be invoked by mortals. Drink of this meath. deathless. 3 Here on their path the noble Gods proceeded: in the wide firmament the Beauteous decked them. HYMN XXXIX Visvedevas. 4 Even he whom Aditi the Goddess praises. O Vajins. hath shown enriching favour: the flame goes forward to the Gods' assembly. and the demons. Varuna. Spreading afar thy broad and wide effulgence. AGNI. Mitra. Aryaman. to the Gods' assembly. grant us. 3 Let Savitar the God he hymned with praises. 7 Bless us the Vajins when we call. from the earth and heaven. erect. Like car-borne men the stones their path have chosen: let the priest. Bend your way hither.-Vayu. Now. 2 Soft to the tread. Sweet be our lauds to him whose due is worship: may he with all protection guard our princes. while slowly they move. be joyful: then go on paths which Gods are wont to travel. dispensing bounty. sing in concert. Lord of great riches who distributes treasures. Singers. celebrate our worship. quickened. 5 They who come emulous to our oblation. 6 This may the Lord of Life. strong Singers. and Pusan with his team. to bless us. and hear this man while sacrifice is offered. 1. ye who travel widely: hear this our envoy who hath gone to meet you. O Savitar whose hands are golden. Crushing the wolf. At the folks early call on Night and Morning. he satisfied.spreads around him. help us in each fray for booty. even. entreated.-the wealth which Savitar the God possesses. their sacred grass is scattered: these go like Kings amid the band around them. to whom the Vasus. May they and Ahibudhnya hear our calling: guard us Varutri with the Ekadhenus. and bringing mortal men the food that feeds them. 2 Rise up. The mighty calls on Bhaga for protection. all sing glory. 8 Deep-skilled in Law eternal. rejoicing in God Savitar's incitement: Even he who praise the high imperial Rulers. on Bhaga calls the weak to give him riches. may they completely banish all affliction. 4 For they are holy aids at sacrifices: all Gods approach the place of . the serpent.

bright Deities. 7 Now have both worlds been praised by the Vasisthas. with blessings. Him. Whate'er God Savitar this day produces. Varuna. May they. and Purandhi. Bhaga. from heaven. and Agni. and Aditi. the bounteous Visnu. for what Varutri and the Bounteous gave us. Indra. Divine and foeless Aditi quickly listens. Mitra. ye Gods. BE gathered all the audience of the synod: let us begin their praise whose course is rapid. May Goddess Aditi assign us riches. favour. Varuna. and the Maruts. and Mitra. O Maruts. Bring these. to these men's hymns. Sarasvati and Agni further. Give never-failing ever-conquering riches: with Gods for our allies may we be victors. swift the Nisatyas. . with blessings. ye sought the house that hath celestial viands. bring Mitra. 7 Now have both worlds been praised by the Vasisthas. Sarasvati be joyful. he. bright Deities. and there is none to rob him of his riches. and Aryaman. the gift is offered: may he. whom ye. May the swift-moving Gods protect and bless us. and holy Mitra. the Kings. O glowing Pusan. 3 Strong be the man and full of power. desirous. 1. our work have finished.congregation. and Agni. 6 Even as the holy wish. Agni. Preserve us evermore. 2 This. Preserve us evermore. wha wanders round us. and Agni. Hence Rudra gained his Rudra-strength: O Asvins. And Aryaman. 4 This Varuna is guide of Law. too. 6 Be not thou angry here. make our song supremest. ye Gods. make our song supremest. HYMN XLI. May they. and Varuna. 5 Agni. Varuna. Vayu and Bhaga make them ours for ever. borne on by spotted coursers. May these deliver us unharmed from trouble. Visvedevas. may we be where the Wealthy One distributes. 5 With offerings I propitiate the branches of this swift-moving God. Aryaman. HYMN XL. Bhaga. unsated. Indra. and Visnu. and holy Mitra. come when men desire him. to our worship. from earth. and Vata send us rain. dealt from heaven ' may both the Worlds vouchsafe us.

Pusan. Bhaga whose gifts are faithful. O Bhaga. Bhaga. As strong steeds draw a chariot may they bring us hitherward Bhaga who discovers treasure. 4 So may felicity be ours at present. Agni. Bhaga. well-pleased. Preserve us evermore. Gods! may happiness attend us. ye Gods. Loud low the Milch-kine swimming in the waters: set be the stones that grace our holy service. may we be rich in men and heroes. O Bhaga. O Bounteous One. and let the roar of cloudy heaven surround us. Bring the Gods hither. thou of many aspects: turn hitherward Aramati the Holy. well-placed within the chamber gives to a house like this wealth worth the choosing. the poor. early-conquering Bhaga. all with might invoke thee: as such be thou our Champion here. O Bhaga. with blessings. HYMN XLII Visvedevas. 2 Fair. yea. Hero-bearing. 4 What time the Guest hath made himself apparent. and give us wealth. 3 Bhaga our guide. 2 We will invoke strong. Or red steeds. AGNI at dawn. Seated. LET Brahmans and Angirases come forward. even the King himself says. 5 May Bhaga verily be bliss-bestower. and come to the pure place like Dadhikravan. And may we still. 3 They glorify your sacrifice with worship. for the chamber. and the Asvins twain. 7 May blessed Mornings dawn on us for ever. even the mighty. augment our store of kine and horses. the Son of Aditi. thy ruddy horses. with wealth of kine. As such. Bhaga at dawn. of horses. favour this song.1. . Rudra we will invoke at dawn. and Brahmanaspati. at ease reclining in the rich man's dwelling. and Indra we invoke at dawn. and through him. pouring fatness. Give me Bhaga. Agni. and of heroes. the great supporter: Thinking of whom. 6 To this our worship may all Dawns incline them. and Varuna and Mitra. Streaming with all abundance. Soma at dawn. and at noontide. yet the glad Priest near them is left unequalled. I call the Deities' generations. and when the day approaches. is thy long-known path to travel: yoke for the juice tfiy bay. 1. at sunset be happy in the Deities' lovingkindness.

Adityas. 2 Let sacrifice proceed like some fleet courser: with one accord lift ye on high the ladles. and Dawn. and Visnu. send us wealth among the people: may we be closely knit to thee. I CALL on Dadhikras. Strew sacred grass meet for the solenm service: bright flames that love the Gods have mounted upward. and . Dawn. and Angirases. Here on our grass let Night and Dawn be seated: bring longing Varuna and Mitra hither. one-minded. and the Light. Heaven and Earth. in forefront of the cars. as many as ye are. to the sacrifice we hasten. milking the copious streams of holy Order. let the Gods sit upon the grass's summit.5 Accept this sacrifice of ours. May he bestow on us food. the Asvins. and riches. 5 So. O Victor. to give you aid. the brown of Varuna ever mindful: may they ward off from us all grief and trouble. HYMN XLIII Visvedevas. 2 When. Preserve us evermore. 1. the first. strength. like a tree's branches. 3 Like babes in arms reposing on their mother. 4 Gladly the Gods have let themselves be honoured. Adityas. Earth. ye ods. awaking Dadhikras with adorations. O Agni. part in all directions. Seating on sacred grass the Goddess Ila. Preserve us evermore. The red. and Agni kindled well. in the Gods' assembly. Bhaga. 4 Foremost is Dadhikravan. with blessings. ye Gods. let us invoke the sage swift-hearing Asvins. the Vasits': come ye. Indra. and taking joy together. SING out the pious at your sacrifices to move with adorations Earth and HeavenThe Holy Singers. 1. Dadhikras. The highest might to-day is yours. glorify it with Indra and the Maruts. Agni. Let general fire make bright the flame of worship: scorn us not. Agni. his way he knoweth. Brahmanaspati. and rich. yearning for wealth that giveth all subsistence. rising. 3 While I am thus arousing Dadhikravan I speak to Agni. whose unmatched devotions. HYMN XLIV. vigorous courser. 6 Thus hath Vasistha praised victorious Agni. Closely allied with Surya and with Morning. the Waters. and Surya. Pusan. with blessings. Unharmed.

ye Gods. and the Heavenly Army: hear us all Mighty Ones whom none deceiveth. Preserve us evermore. rich in sweets and . Thou. May Agni bear us. borne by steeds. In his hand holding much that makes men happy. Preserve us evermore. 1. stainless. The Wise. 2 He through his lordship thinks on beings of the earth. filling the region. nor abandon us. Come willingly to our doors that gladly welcome thee. O Rudra let not thy noose. and manifold. MAY we obtain this day from you. may he grant us. Give us trimmed grass and fame among the living. seize us. rich in goodly treasures. pass us uninjured by. Now shall that mightiness of his he lauded: even Surya yields to him in active vigour. To Rudra bring these songs. ye Gods. High vital strength. bestow on us the food that feedeth mortals. whose hands are lovely. and easy in their motion. come hither. sublime. armed with sharppointed weapons: may he hear our call. his arms extend unto the bounds of heaven. HYMN XLV. with blessings. that wave of pure refreshment. 3 May this God Savitar. with blessings.. when thou art angry. 2 Golden. HYMN XLVII.Vasus. 4 Slay us not. lulling to slumber and arousing creatures. bast thousand medicines: inflict no evil on our sons or progeny. advancing his far-spreading lustre. the Lord of precious wealth. 1. Rudra. 4 These songs praise Savitar whose tongue is pleasant. the Strong and Mighty. 3 May thy bright arrow which. which the pious Made erst the special beverage of Indra. O Waters. very gracious God. the Conqueror whom none may overcome. flieth upon the earth. MAY the God Savitar. bright. 1. vouchsafe us treasures. Rudra. shot down by thee from heaven. Waters. and heal all sickness. whose bow is firm and strong. 5 May Dadhikras prepare the way we travel that we may pass along the path of Order. the selfdependent God with swiftly-flying shafts. HYMN XLVI. May he. in our families. on heavenly beings through his high imperial sway. praise him whose arms are full. Savitar.

So let the Vasus grant us strength and vigour. protect me. They never violate the laws of Indra. 4 Now. and helped by Indra may we quell the foeman. the Thunderer. as ye come to meet us. Goddesses. the purifying. Deities. May Vaja aid us in the fight for booty. Bright. Rbhus. Vibhus. Waters. and Soma. Vaja. protect me. and conquer all their foes in close encounter. one-minded. ye Gods. protect that wave most rich in sweets. with blessings. and Rbhuksan destroy by turns the wicked foeman's valour. 1. 1. May your strength. Vajas and Rbhuksans. That shall make Indra and the Vasus joyful. or flowing free by nature. FORTH from the middle of the flood the Waters-their chief the Sea-flow cleansing. Goddesses. ye Gods. give us ample room and freedom: be all of you. with blessings. 2 May we as Rbhu with your Rbhus conquer strength with our strength. Goddesses. dug their channels: here let those Waters. never sleeping. joying in their nature. 3 Those amid whom goes Varuna the Sovran. to paths of Gods the Goddesses move onward. the Bull. 2 Waters which come from heaven. 4 They from whom Varuna the King. and all the Deities drink . we pious. O Waters. 3 For they rule many tribes with high dominion. Vibhvan. as Vibhus with the Vibhus. purifying. speeding to the Ocean. he who discriminates men's truth and falsehoodDistilling meath. the bright. 3 All-purifying. here let those Waters. protect me. Preserve us evermore. May these Streams give us ample room and freedom. This may we gain from you today. here let those Waters. he whose course is rapid. YE liberal Heroes. our protection. Preserve us evermore.dropping fatness. May Indra. Present the oil-rich offering to the Rivers. 4 Whom Surya with his bright beams hath attracted. turn hitherward your car that brings men profit. or those that wander dug from the earth. Indra. 2 May the Floods' Offspring. HYMN XLIX. HYMN XLVIII. and Indra dug the path for them to travel. come and delight you with our flowing Soma.

2 Eruption that appears upon the twofold joints. Adityas! a castle among Gods and men. accordant. gracious Goddesses. may we be. May they. and all the Gods. with blessings. 1. They into whom Vaisvanara Agni entered. shelter to our seed and offspring. HYMN LI. the channels full of water. and the Asvins. I drive afar the scorpion hateful to the sight: let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. protect us. here let those Waters. 2 May Varuna and Mitra grant this blessing. Mitra. and that which overspreads the ankles and the knees. O MITRA-VARUNA. May the refulgent Agni banish far away let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. the Maruts. Various Deities. 2 Let Aditi rejoice and the Adityas. yea. Aryaman. being. guard and protect me here: let not that come to me which nests within and swells. the Guardians of the world. and the waterlessMay those who swell with water. and Agni. and. grant . drink this day our Soma.strength and vigour. may we win Varuna and Mitra. and. punish. the Mighty. Let us not suffer for another's trespass. So may our Father who is great and holy. to make us free and sinless. imploring riches from Savitar the God. that which is found in streams. obtained them. 3 The ever-prompt Angirases. All this may all the Gods banish and drive away: let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. may all the rivers keep us free from Simida. our Guardians. May they. most righteous. lauded. through their most recent succour may we conquer. establish this sacrifice. 3 All Universal Deities. ye Gods. and all the Rbhus. HYMN LII. 4 The steep declivities. all the Adityas. 1 THROUGH the Adityas' most auspicious shelter. O Vasus. and the heights. Indra. MAY we be free from every bond. Goddesses. nor do the thing that ye. the valleys. 1. that which the plants produce. to show favour. Adityas. Winning. HYMN L. Preserve us evermore. giving ear. ye Vasus. Varuna. Adityas. never afflict us with the Sipada disease. O Earth and Heaven. 3 The poison that is formed upon the Salmali. protect Me.

To them. ye Gods. tawny-hued! thy teeth. may we be victors. be pleased to grant it. 4 Be on thy guard against the boar. 1.By him the Strong and Mighty One we lull and make the people sleep. sleep dog and master of the house. Vastospati. have sages of ancient time. HYMN LIV. be our promoter: increase our wealth in kine and steeds. . Preserve us evermore. Guardian of the Dwelling! Protect our happiness in rest and labour. with blessings. 2 Protector of the Home. 1. HYMN LV. and give us happy entrance. and whosoever looks on us. let the father sleep. great Parents of the Gods. the man who walks. May we be ever-youthful in thy friendship: be pleased in us as in his sons a father. HYMN LIII. with the Celestial People. ye hold in your possession full many a treasure for the liberal giver. Heaven and Earth. Let all the kinsmen sleep. Come. with blessings. 7 The Bull who hath a thousand horns. hither to us. for strong is your protection. They gleam like lances' points within thy mouth when thou wouldst bite. 2 With newest hymns set in the seat of Order. Heaven and Earth. 1. Vastospati. 3 Yea. Grant us that wealth which comes in free abundance. O Guardian of the Homestead: bring no disease. who killest all disease and wearest every form. VASTOSPATI. 5 Sleep mother. thou showest. At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dost thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep. and let the boar beware of thee. At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dust thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep. retrace thy way: bark at the robber and the thief. Heaven and Earth. 6 The man who sits. O bright Son of Sarama. go thou to steep. 3 Sarama's Son. AS priest with solemn rites and adorations I worship Heaven and Earth. ye Gods. the High and Holy. sleep all the people who are round about. 3 Through thy dear fellowship that bringeth welfare. and prosper thou quadrupeds and bipeds. who rises up from out the sea. born before all others. those the Two Parents. Of these we closely shut the eyes. Whate'er we ask of thee. Preserve us evermore. 2 When.this favour. Be an auspicious Friend to us. assigned precedence. ACKNOWLEDGE us. even as we closely shut this house. O Indu. singing.

be the band. ye regard the praise recited here at this mighty singer invocation. 9 Ever avert your blazing shaft from us. be this band of Heroes. and sanctifying. these who pour down the water. the pure. 3 They strew each other with their blasts. Maruts. 7 Yea. 1. 11 Well-armed. these Hawks: they strove together. their forms. Maruts. Maruts. like beauteous colts. we lull to sleep. and let not your displeasure reach us here 10 Your dear names. nursing manly strength. know each other's birth. the Law's observers. bright by their birth. with the Maruts. fleet as coursers. 5 Ever victorious. or stretched on beds. pure yourselves. By Law they came to truth. Linger. about the dwelling. strong with varied power. after your wont ye whirl about your weapons. The matrons with their odorous sweetsthese. through the Maruts. while they deck them like youths spectators of a festal meeting. . ornaments made of gold. they deck themselves. and chains of gold are twined upon your bosoms. conquering Maruts. Vouchsafe us quickly wealth with noble heroes. 15 If. and pure.8 The women sleeping in the court. 16 The Maruts. one and all. far. like lightning-flashes. 12 Pure. with oblations: to you. 8 Bright is your spirit. Maruts. accept this thousandfold allotment of household sacrifice and household treasure. lying without. 4 A sage was he who knew these mysteries. ye bear your titles. pure sacrifice I offer. HYMN LVI. what in her udder mighty Prsni bore. 13 Your rings. most adorable. we invoke. mighty is your power and firm your strength: so. roaring like the wind. Gleaming with drops of rain. potent. Wno are these radiant men in serried rank. the pure. and they only. rest upon your shoulders. 6 Most bright in splendour. wealth which no man uho hateth us may injure. close-knit to glory. 14 Wide in the depth of air spread forth your glories. are your oblations: to you. flectest on their way. wrathful are your minds: your bold troop's minstrel is like one inspired. impetuous in their haste. calling aloud till we are satisfied. Rudra's young heroes borne by noble steeds? 2 Verily no one knoweth whence they sprang: they. O Maruts. like frisking calves.

with hymns invokes you. and dwell in our own home with you beside us. Preserve us evermore. Then. He. with friendly minds. They cause even spacious heaven and earth to tremble. 1. O ye Maruts. be the vigorous Hero. Maruts. ye Holy! the Marut host is glad at sacrifices. Seat you on sacred grass in our assembly. to share the banquet. the Lord Divine of men. YEA. . 19 These Maruts bring the swift man to a stand-still. the darkness: give us full store of children and descendants. they sang you. 24 Ours. when seated. with the Maruts. O ye Maruts. and strength with mightier strength they break and humble These guard the singer from the man who hates him and lay their sore displeasure on the wicked. the genuine wealth that. 2 The Maruts watch the man who sings their praises. promoters of the thought of him who worships. Bulls! is your possession. and Trees accept our praises. the charger. ye Gods. may we lose your bounty. lle strong man. and Plants. 25 May Indra. this day. with blessings. Far be your bolt that slayeth men and cattle. Ye Vasus. 20 These Maruts rouse even the poor and needy: the Vasus love him as an active champion. nor. and for houses. for pastures. O Maruts. with the Maruts. they make the spring flow when they come. With whom to fair lands we may cross the waters. Maruts.17 So may the Maruts help us and be gracious. O ye Bulls. Mitra. free from duplicity. ye who spring from Rudra. Waters. praising in song your universal bounty. through the power of your sweet juice. turn yourselves to us with blessings. the strong Sustainer. 21 Never. 23 Full many a deed ye did for our forefathers worthy of lauds which. wins in battle. gains the booty. Give us a share in that delightful treasure. the Mighty. 22 What time the men in fury rush together for running streams. Drive to a distance. HYMN LVII. be our protectors in the strife with foemen. even of old. 18 The priest. Bulls! who hath so much in his possession. loudly calls you. car-borne Lords! be hitidmost when ye deal it. bringing free room to lovely Earth and Heaven. May we find shelter in the Marut's bosom. Varuna and Agni.

that we implore the Swift Ones to forgive us. O ye Holy. as such. their golden gauds. with blessings. 1. they heighten. With all adornments. ye Maruts. with your kindness: advance us mightily that we may prosper. Preserve us evermore. Give us of Amrta for the sake of offspring: awake the excellent fair stores of riches. praised. O Maruts. 3 Give ample vital power unto our princes let our fair praises gratify the Maruts. . sin against you. their common splendour. each looker on the light fears at your coming. this our hymn of praises. so further us with your delightful succours. was with wild commotion. 4 Far from us be your blazing dart. Ye all-surpassing in your might and vigour. 2 Yea. ye Gods. ye Holy! May your most loving favour still attend us. SING to the troop that pours down rain in common. May this your gift. be distinguished. their weapons. Let us not he exposed to that.3 No others gleam so brightly as these Maruts with their own forms. when we. the blameless Ones. 7 Hither. Heroes. 6 This eulogy of the Bounteous hath been spoken: accept. ye Maruts. for bright show. the bright. decking earth and heaven. Maruts. Preserve us evermore. keep those who hate us at a distance. enjoy the taste of our oblations. of themselves. 6 And may the Maruts. with blessings. 5 May even what we have done delight the Maruts. through human frailty. ye Gods. Maruts. the purifying. Further us. praised by all their titles. with all your succours. the Mighty Company of celestial nature. Ye Bulls. They make the world-halves tremble with their greatness: from depths of earth and sky they reach to heaven. the Sons of bounteous Rudra: will not the Maruts turn again to us-ward? What secret sin or open stirs their anger. As the way travelled helpeth people onward. ye Shakers. 5 I call. a hundredfold increase us. fierce in wrath. your birth. HYMN LVIII. The Sovran whom ye aid destroys the foeman. terrific. 4 Your favoured singer counts his wealth by hundreds: the strong steed whom ye favour wins a thousand. ye who move swiftly. with all felicity come to our princes. Who.

As from its stem the cucumber. O Varuna and Mitra. 4 Your succour in the battle injures not the man to whom ye. Around me all the Company hath settled. even here. I present. . That ye may help us. and thou. and thou Aryaman. Mitra. 2 Through your kind favour. Bounteous Ones. smite ye him down with your most flaming weapon. the worshipper subdues his foes. O Sun. Agni. 7 Decking the beauty of their forms in secret the Swans with purple backs have flown down hither. To him give shelter. may all the Deities love us. Varuna. this day. yea. on some auspicious day. Maruts. O ye whose bounties give you joy. That man increases home and strengthening ample food who brings you offerings as ye list. Mitra-Varuna. grant your gifts. 5 Come hitherward to drink the juice. 1. Self-strong Maruts. 6 Sit on our sacred grass. shalt speak the truth to Varuna and Mitra. enjoy this offering brought for you. whomso ye guide. O Aditi. WHOMSO ye rescue here and there. sweet augmenter of prosperity. these. the man whose wrath is hard to master. 1. while we are singing. ye Maruts. May he be tangled in the toils of mischief. be graciously inclined to give the wealth for which we long. Come quickly. in sweet Soma juice. 11 Here. not reft of immortality. 9 O Maruts. like joyous Heroes glad in our libation. come. Go not to any place but this. Friends of all. stay not far away. Gods. WHEN thou. 3 Vasistha will not overlook the lowliest one among you all. HYMN LX. ye who fain would drink. O Deities. 8 Maruts. To help us. ye consuming Gods. 10 Sharers of household sacrifice. with Svaha. Heroes. of our Soma juice effused to-day drink all of you with eager haste. May your most recent favour turn to us again. O Maruts. Maruts. ye who slay the foe. O Vasus.HYMN LIX. ye Maruts. so may I be released from death. To take delight. These offerings are for you. he who would slay us ere we think. 2 Looking on man. arising sinless. this Sun ascendeth up by both the pathways. O Aryaman. 12 Tryambaka we worship. ye Sages with your sunbright skins I dedicate your sacrifice. Maruts.

like guardians. with great power quicken even the fool to wisdom. 4 Your coursers rich in store of sweets have mounted: to the bright ocean Surya hath ascended.Guardian of all things fixt. HYMN LXI. ye Gods. moreover. And. dropping oil and fatness. carry Surya. 3 He from their home hath yoked the Seven gold Coursers who. Heroes! we cry trembling in fear before you. even Aryaman. Aryaman save us us all those who hate us: give room and freedom to Sudas. he surveyeth the worlds and living creatures like a herdsman. bold ones! move the Gods to anger. 1. beholding good and evil acts of mortals. Varuna. Varuna and Mitra. 11 He who wins favour for his prayer by worship. Surya spreading the beauteous light of you Twain Gods ariseth. For whom the Adityas make his pathway ready. Even in the river's bed there is a shallow. have waxen in the home of law Eternal. 9 May he with ofierings purify the altar from any stains of Varuna's reviler. Aditi's Sons. Gods! Varuna and Mitra! hath been performed for you at sacrifices. lead it by easy paths o'er grief and trouble. with eyes that close not. 6 These. that he may gain him strength and highest riches. infallible and mighty. let us not. give Sudas their friendly shelter. He who beholdetb all existing creatures observetb well the zeal that is in . Varuna whom none deceiveth. 7 They ever vigilant. Granting him sons and lineal succession. 10 Hid from our eyes is their resplendent meeting: by their mysterious might they hold dominion. are the chastisers of all guile and falsehood. Varuna and Mitra. even in the greatness of your power have mercy. Mitra. 8 When Aditi and Varuna and Mitra. 5 For these. thoughtful insight. That good man's mind the Mighty Ones will follow: they have brought comfort to his spacious dwelling. Mitra-Varuna. Yours. ye Mighty. Convey us safely over every peril. Mitra. Aryaman. wakening. of all that moveth. 12 This priestly task. accordant. These. Preserve us evermore. O VARUNA and Mitra. across this broad expanse may they conduct us. caring for heaven and earth. lead on the thoughtless. with blessings.

keeps both worlds asunder. us. O Varuna and Mitra from the great lofty heaven.mortals. through these our praises. Varuna. 4 I praise the strength of Varuna and Mitra that strength. no worship. Preserve us evermore. formed by his Makers well with power and wisdom. as 'twere. Mitra. HYMN LXII. invoke you. SURYA hath sent aloft his beams of splendour o'er all the tribes of men in countless places. the dearest Friend of mortals. renowned afar. 7 This priestly task. Together with the heaven he shines apparent. Gods! Varuna and Mitra! hath been performed for you at sacrifices. the Bright Ones. Have in the fields and houses set your warder-. Bounteous Givers. Mitra-Varuna. by mightiness. Mitra-Varuna. I. and Aryaman. make our praise-song perfect.He whose devotions. with blessings. Declare us free from all offence to Mitra. 3 May holy Agni. 5 Steers. 2 The holy sage. 6 I will exalt your sacrifice with homage: as priest. sapient Gods. preserve us. Let us not anger Varuna. May they. Heroless pass the months of the ungodly he who loves sacrifice makes his home enduring. 4 O undivided Heaven and Earth. these . make us famed among the people: hear. nor Vayu. 3 From the wide earth. Ye Youthful. and Varuna. directeth his hymns to you. Surya. 5 Stretch forth your arms and let our lives be lengthened: with fatness dew the pastures of our cattle. ye. who visit every spot and watch unceasing. Guile follows close the men who are untruthful: no secrets may be hidden from your knowledge. O Varuna and Mitra. ye favour so that ye fill. and. with power his autumns. 1. Convey us safely over every peril. grant us all our wishes. and Agni. nor him. 2 So hast thou mounted up before us. Lofty Ones! your nobIyborn descendants. when we laud them. Mitra-Varuna. all infallible are these your people in whom no wondrous thing is seen. May these new hymns and prayers that I have fashioned delight you to the profit of the singer. and Mitra send down their riches upon us in thousands. with fleet dappled horses. ye Gods.

May we find paths all fair and good to travel. for us and for our children. and Mitra. ye Gods. ye Gods. Aryaman vouchsafe us freedom and room. May. and Varuna and Mitra conduct us by the most effective pathways. the region. O Varuna and Mitra. O Mitra-Varuna. 6 Now Mitra. God. he in Whom singers take delight ascendeth. come hitherward. the eye of Varuna and Mitra. 5 Where the irrunortals have prepared his pathway he flieth through the region like a falcon. who breaketh not the universal statute. with blessings. Varuna. is advancing: Onward he still would roll the wheel well-rounded. YE Twain who rule. is my chief joy and pleasure. Varuna.mine invocations. HYMN LXIII. from the heaven he riseth: far is his goal. verily. Men. HYMN LXIV. Send us from heaven. which Etasa. he hasteth on resplendent. Lords of Rivers. when the Sun hath risen. restless as the billow. 4 Golden. 1. 6 Now Mitra. is mounting upward. far-seeing. who rolled up darkness like a piece of leather. and high-born Aryaman accept our presents. rain and sweet food. joy in food with Gods to guard us. ye who pour down your bounties. Aryaman vouchsafe us freedom and room. in heaven and earth. for us and for our children. With homage and oblations will we serve you. 4 Him who hath wrought for you this car in spirit. May we find paths all fair and good to travel. COMMON to all mankind. The God. Mitra-Varuna. too. auspicious Surya. 2 Kings. This Savitar. Preserve us evermore. 1. 3 Refulgent from the bosom of the Mornings. harnessed to the car-pole. guards of rrtighty everlasting Order. May the imperial Varuna. he who beholdeth all. inspirited by Surya speed to their aims and do the work assigned them. That foes may say unto Sudas our chieftain. 3 May the dear God. with blessings. that urgeth men to action. who makes the song rise . Preserve us evermore. 2 Surya's great ensign. clothed be your clouds in robes of oil and fatness. moveth. ye Princes. Mitra-Varuna. we.

1. HYMN LXVI Mitra-Varuna. to Mitra-Varuna. whose statute is inviolate. with blessings. may your path of Order bear us o'er trouble as a boat o'er waters. Bedew with fatness. comes with good heed at each man's supplication. I sing. our lands exceeding fruitful. is offered. Mitra-Varuna. on the way. Bhaga. And those Self-reigning. 2 For they are Asuras of Gods. Whose Power Divine. May we obtain you. Who bear us safely o'er distress. WITH hymns I call you. ye Bounteous. they bear many nooses: the wicked mortal hardly may escape them. Aditi. 3 Bonds of the sinner. wake thought and spirit. Favour our songs of praise. Aryaman. 3 Such. HYMN LXV. Varuna-Mitra. to you. ye Gods. . 7 Soon as the Sun hath risen. may sinless Mitra. the friendly make. Favour our songs of praise. 4 Come. like bright Soma juice to Vayu. Varuna and Mitra. Mitra. The Kings who rule a vast domain.upward and sustains it. 8 With wealth of gold may this my song bring unmolested power and might. Guardians of our homes and us. supreme and everlasting. make glad the pleasant dwelling-places. both of you. LET our strong hymn of praise go forth. With homage to that high-born Pair. 1. 5 To you this laud. O Varuna and Mitra. Varuna nd Mitra ye Kings. 5 May this our home be guarded well forward. wherever Heaven and Earth and days may bless us. the laud of Mitra-Varuna. Pour down in plenty here upon the people the choicest of your fair celestial water. and Savitar sendus forth. O Varuna and Mitra is offered like bright Soma juice to Vayu. 4 So when the Sun hath risen to-day. O Mitra-Varuna. 5 To you this laud. 6. when the Sun hath risen. 2 The Two exceeding wise. And Aryarnan who slays the foe. Varuna and Mitra: bedew our pasture wil sweet food and fatness. whom the gods ordained For lordship. Preserve us evermore. and Varuna whose thoughts are holy. the Sons of Daksa. ye Gods. with blessings. taste our offering. fulfil The thoughts of those who sing your praise. excellently great. wake thought and spirit. Preserve us evermore.

Mitra. ye who strengthen Law.And. and with our princes. God Varuna. Nasatyas. Food and Heaven's light will we obtain. Heroes. Eastward is seen the Banner of the Morning. yea. Mitra. The Seven sister Bays bear Surya on his car. Mitra. void of guile: Press near and drink the Soma juice. the Banner born to give Heaven's Daughter glory. 18 Come as the laws of Heaven ordain. 12 So at the rising of the Sun we think of you with hymns to-day. Brahmans. arise A hundred autumns may we live. 14 Uprises. Aryaman deserve: ye are the charioteers of Law. Aryarnan. equally through the whole expanse. 4 When. thine. 1. . I WITH a holy heart that brings oblation will sing forth praise to meet your car. Asvins. Much-desired! hath wakened as your envoy. with Agni for their tongue. come hither. to the Soma draught. suppliant for your help. accept. all things with surpassing might. sacrifice and holy verse. I call you hither as a son his parents. terrible. Come by the paths that ye are wont to travel. Which. In their felicity which gives the best defence may we men and our princes dwell. born in Law the strengtheners of Law. laden with treasure. 19 Come. prepared for every eye to see. on the slope of heaven. the eloquent priest attends you now. HYMN LXVII. 9 May we be thine. to bring us wealth and happiness. have won dominion which none else may gain. Lovers of Sweetness! I seeking wealth call you to our libation. night. Mitra. resplendent Varuna. 10 Many are they who strengthen Law. 11 They who have stablished year and month and then the day. Asvins. 16 A hundred autumns may we see that bright Eye. 17 Infallible through your wisdom. Even as Varuna. Varuna. 2 Brightly hath Agni shone by us enkindled: the limits even of darkness were apparent. God-ordained. ye Princes. 13 True to Law. that marvel that attracts die sight As swift celestial Etasa bears it away. gain the sacrifice. They who direct the three great gatherings with their thoughts. Sun-eyed. our sacrificial gift: Drink Soma. 15 Lord of each single head. Mitra. of fixt and moving things. Varuna. And Mitra. 3 With hymns the deft priest is about you. the Kings. haters of the false. on car that finds the light. Varuna.

truly. with your noble horses: accept your servant's hymns. Who being dear to you. O Asvins. when he grew old. . Who further friendship with their noble natures. go. in homes of men enjoying our oblation. So may we. and with your powers. who offered you oblations. Vouchsafe us all high spirit in the combat. COME. Come unto us with spirits free from anger. to its fulfilment my never-wearied prayer that asks for riches. with blessings. through oblations. the Gods' adorer. we have brought this treasure to you as 'twere an envoy sent for friendship. May we have genial vigour. 5 The nourishment ye have is. intention. When ye bestowed on him enduring beauty. ye Wonder-Workers: Enjoy oblations which we bring to greet you.Hitherward let your vigorous horses bear you: drink ye with us the wellpressed Soma juices. Let the priest bring you. 6 That gift. 4 What time this stone of yours. receives your favour. strong in children and descendants. 5 Bring forward. wondrous: ye gave thereof a quickening store to Atri. the same. 2 The gladdening juices stand prepared before you: come quickly and partake of mine oblation. Fair Ones. o'er the Seven Rivers hath your chariot travelled. mine invocation: come. Speeding to us. Asvins. 3 Your chariot with a hundred aids. Gods. 1. 9 Exhaustless be your bounty to our princes who with their wealth incite the gift of riches. 8 With one. combining wealth in kine with wealth in herses. ye Gods. to the banquet that awaits you. Pass by the calling of our foe and bear us. assist us. 10 Now hear. Preserve us evermore. Vouchsafe us wealth. which all may gain. ne'er to fail us. wealthy. O Asvins. do honour to our nobles. O ye whose wealth is Surya. Yoked by the Gods. radiant Asvins. O Lords of Power. HYMN LXVIII. Asvins. O Youthful Twain. upraised. to the home where food aboundeth. Asvins. beareth you swift as thought across the regions. ye gave Cyavana. your strong steeds never weary while speeding forward at the pole they bear you. ye swift movers. sounds forth for you as Soma-presser. 7 Lovers of Sweetness. 6 Favour us in these prayers of ours.

abandoned in the midst of ocean. drawn by vigorous horses. man's protector. O Asvins. Herewith. May the cow nourish him with milk to feed llim. Uninjured. HYMN LXIX. 3 Renowned. food-laden. undaunted. three-seated. ye Gods. Ye made the cow pour forth her milk like water. Bright with its fellies while its way drops fatness. with blessings. flagging not. come nigh this day to our libations. 4 When night was turning to the grey of morning the Maiden. with noble horses. MAY your gold chariot. blocking up the earth and heaven. Asvins. mine invocation: come. winged.7 What time his wicked friends abandoned Bhujyu. 9 With his fair hymns this singer. come to us. Asvins. this car of yours invested with rays of light comes harnessed to our dwelling. Whereon ye visit God-adoring races. . O Asvins. O Asvins. 6 Like the wild cattle thirsty for the lightning. 8 Now hear. Asvins. extols you. O Youthful Twain. to this our sacrifice bring peace and blessing. 1. O Asvins. rich in coursers. 5 O Chariot-borne. extending far and wide o'er fivefold beings. Your horse delivered him. Men call on you with hymns in many places. Heroes. Wondrous Pair. ye Gods. strengthened with your strength the barren. chose your splendour. with deeds of wonder saving him. the cup that holds sweet juices. in the middle of the ocean. but let not other worshippers detain you. Preserve us evermore. with blessings. do honour to our nobles. your faithful servant. 8 Ye lent your aid to Vrka when exhausted. 2 Let it approach. to the home where food aboundeth. ye raised from out the water with your horses. while the dawn is breaking. and. When with your power and might ye aid the pious he comes through heat to life by your assistance. 7 Bhujyu. Preserve us evermore. and listened when invoked to Sayu's calling. come ye hither: drink. too. waking with glad thoughts at the break of morning. Your car whereon your Spouse is wont to travel marks with its track the farthest ends of heaven. yoked by thewill. bending your course whither ye will. Vouchsafe us wealth. Surya's Daughter.

Asvins. Asvins. 4 The chariot. 6 Come to the sacrifice offered you. Resting upon the summit of the mountain. Enriching us with treasures in abundance ye have looked back to former generations. laden with treasure. 2 This most delightful eulogy awaits you in the man's house drink-offering hath been heated. Nasatyas. ye Gods. and prayer duly uttered. though ye have heard them oft aforetime.by day and night keep far from us the arrow. ye Steers. Asvins. O Asvins. your car whose reins are light. ye seat you firmly. with favour. 2 Bearing rich treasure in your car. for unto you these holy hymns are chanted. with blessings. Like a strong horse with a fair back it standeth. O Asvins. Keep at a distance penury and sickness. oblations. as in a lap. Asvins come ye hither: this place on earth is called your own possession. with men. ye Gods. Princes. With coursers yoked by Law drive hither. whereon. Lovers of Sweetness. yoking as'twere two wellmatched shining horses. 1.HYMN LXX. in plants and waters when Rsis give them and ye find they suit You. . Let us invoke you rich in steeds and cattle . the Dark one yieldeth to the Red her pathway. HYMN LXXI. that conveys you. 7 This is the thought. triple-seated. Come to the man even as his heart desireth: may we enjoy your most delightful favour. seeking bliss. this is the song. or bringing food to him who gives oblation. 4 Delight yourselves. in fields of men or in the streams of heaven. fraught with riches. moving at daylight. Come to Vasistha as his heart desireth. bring hither your chariot at the earliest flush of morning. 3 May your strong horses. O Asvins: accept this hymn of ours. 3 Whatever dwellings ye possess. come to the mortal who presents oblation. Preserve us evermore. THE Night retireth from the Dawn her Sister. RICH in all blessings. 1. regard the many prayers which Rsis offer. 5 Asvins. May these our prayers addressed to you come nigh you. day and night preserve us. Which bringeth you over the seas and rivers.

with blessings. who brings to sacrifice and offers worship. 5 Ye freed Cyavana from old age and weakness: ye brought the courser fleet of food to Pedu. God Savitar hath sent aloft his splendour. come from the cast. come. with blessings. worshipping the Gods. on your car resplendent. accept this hymn with favour. The song invoketh both Immortal Asvins far-reaching. As harnessed steeds. . ye Steers. 3 We choosing you. O Asvins: with food. the kindred prayers and the Celestial Mornings. Obeying you as your appointed servant. Bring wealth from all sides for the Fivefold People. 4 What time the Dawns break forth in light. and loosed for Jahusa the bonds that bound him. have let our worship follow its course: ye Steers. 2 Come with the Gods associate. HYMN LXXIII. Asvins. come ye hither to us. I call you to the sacrifices. 6 This is the thought. Vasistha singing hath with lauds aroused you. 3 Awakened are the songs that praise the Asvins. Be near and taste the pleasant juice. O Nasatyas. from below and from above us. COME. born of old. Nasatyas. 'Twixt you and us there is ancestral friendship and common kin: remember and regard it. Preserve us evermore. great WonderWorkers. this is the song. HYMN LXXII. Asvins. O Asvins: accept this hymn of ours. Preserve us evermore. Nasatyas. 1. Earth and Heaven. Asvins. man's dear Priest is seated. Nasatyas. that laden with all food it may approach us. rich in abundant wealth of kine and horses. all our laudations follow you whose forms shine with most delightful beauty. Ye rescued Atri from distress and darkness. O Asvins. 2 And. the singer calleth these Nasatyas hither. with your car accordant. WE have o'erpassed the limit of this darkness while. With favour. and fires sing praises with the kindled fuel. to you the poets offer their devotions. 5 Come from the west. we sang their praises. May these our prayers addressed to you come nigh you. Inviting those we long for. O Nasatyas. 1. ye Gods. ye Gods.Even with this come unto us.

united. THESE morning sacrifices call you. Asvins. O ye Asvins. Filling the region of mid-air. Injure us not. and drink the savoury Soma juice. house by house ye visit all. with blessings. Heroes. best of Angirases. ye Gods. promote us. verily.XXIV. have approached us. 4 She yokes her chariot far away. lovely Morning's everlasting splendours. Asvins. For help have I invoked you rich in power and might: for. from below and from above us. Asvins. demon-slayers. our princes seek the Asvins in pursuit of food. Bring wealth from all sides for the Fivefold People. 5 Come from the west. come wellinclined to us. but come with happy fortune. come from the cast. those who are guardians of the menAlso through their own might the heroes have grown strong. at the break of day. they have mounted. HYMN LXXV. These shall give lasting glory to our liberal lords. 1. With these your speedy coursers. like cars. manbefriending Goddess! 3 See. and. come. 2 O Heroes. 3 Approach ye and be near to us. offending none. and swiftly visits the lands where the Five . Vouchsafe us manifold and splendid riches. 5 Yea. and come to us. and dwell in safe and happy homes. ye bestow wonderful nourishment. ye Gods. shelter us. both Nasatyas. She hath uncovered fiends and hateful darkness. drink. Preserve us evermore. Asvins. The juices that exhilarate are mingled. O Dawn. come. producing the rites of holy worship. both of you. Draw forth the milk. send it to him whose songs are sweet Accordant. famed among mortals. Nasatyas. ye Mighty. 6 Those who have led the way. HYMN I. rich in genuine wealth: injure us not. hath waked the pathways. 4 The horses that convey you in their rapid flight down to the worshipper's abode. bright with their varied colours. of the meath.4 And these Two Priests come nigh unto our people. drive your car down to us. BORN in the heavens the Dawn hath flushed. 1. 2 Rouse us this day to high and happy fortune: to great felicity. mighty-handed. and showing her majesty is come as Law ordaineth. Dawn.

hast been beheld repairing as to thy love. 5 Meeting together in the same enclosure. they strive not. 6 Extolling thee. 3 Great is. Looking upon the works and ways of mortals. and brings rich treasure for her faithful servant. in truth. O high-born Morning. HYMN LXXVI. They never break the Gods' eternal statutes. with blessings. and injure none. 6 Apparent are the steeds of varied colour. The flushing Dawn is sung . the seers extol her: lauded by priests rich Dawn shines out refulgent. 8 O Dawn. The Fathers found the light that lay in darkness. 1. and horses. fraught with manifold enjoyment. 7 True with the True and Mighty with the Mighty. 2 I see the paths which Gods are wont to travel. Preserve us evermore. she hath come hither o'er the tops of houses. 5 She who is rich in spoil. in rivalry with Vasus. the Fair One. Dawn. rules all wealth and treasures. and with effectual words begat the Morning. Eastward the flag of Dawn hath been uplifted. with Gods a Goddess. with lauds implore thee. Through the Gods' power that Eye was first created.Tribes are settled. ofone mind. as one no more to leave him. one with another. 7 She bringeth bounty and sweet charm of voices. O Dawn. Protect our sacred grass from man's reproaches. On her all-lovely car she comes. Dawn hath made all the universe apparent. SAVITAR God of all men hath sent upward his light. the Vasisthas. 4 They were the Gods' companions at the banquet. the red steeds carrying resplendent Morning. Consumer of our youth. now give us wealth in kine and heroes. Blest Goddess. wondrously opulent. Since thou. ye Gods. the Spouse of Surya. the world's Imperial Lady. Holy with the Holy. designed for all mankind. the ancient sages true to Law Eternal. the number of the Mornings which were aforetime at the Sun's uprising. awake at early mom. immortal. innocuous paths made ready by the Vasus. shine. Leader of kine and Queen of all that strengthens. She brake strong fences down and gave the cattle: the kine were lowing as they greeted Morning. Daughter of Heaven. come as first to us.

Mother of kine. HYMN LXXVIT. asunder. with blessings. 3 Apparent eastward are those lights of Morning. on high. ye Gods. and with their hymns the priests are chaming welcome. we all behold her. all men look on Dawn as she is breaking. 2 Turned to this All. on the singer. Daughter of Heaven. she hath risen and shone in brightness with white robes about her. O Usas. HYMN LXXVIII. Guide of the days she bringeth. driving all evil darkness far away. 6 O Usas. refulgent. 2 The fire well-kindIed sings aloud to greet her. SHE hath shone brightly like a youthful woman. She hath beamed forth lovely with golden colours. She hath brought forth Sun. 3 Bearing the Gods' own Eye. Dawn. yea. the Goddess. opulent Lady. and horses. bring the Wealth that makes us happy. bring us riches: pour bounty. and far away hath fled detested darkness. with blessings. fler car that moves self-harnessed hath she mounted. and bounty rich in chariots. Bestow thou on us vast and glorious riches. Agni hath come to feed on mortal? fuel. whom the Vasisthas with their hymns make mighty. stirring to motion every living creature. Drive away those who hate us. WE have beheld her earliest lights approaching: her many glories part. wending hither. come forth to all the world with wondrous treasure. ye Gods.by the Vasisthas. nobly-born. kine. 1. leading her Courser white and fair to look on. She hath made light and chased away the darkness. 5 Send thy most excellent beams to shine and light us. Distinguished by her bean-is Dawn shines apparent. Dawn. Preserve us evermore. and Agni. Usas approaches in her splendour. sacrifice. sending out lustre. the car drawn onward . 1. On car sublime. auspicious Lady. 4 Rich Daughter of the Sky. 4 Draw nigh with wealth and dawn away the foeman: prepare for us wide pasture free from danger. Granting us food. far-spreading. around them. O Dawn. O Goddess. Giving us riches famed to distant places. thou who hast all things precious. Preserve us evermore. as they rise. giving us lengthened days.

Dawns. with blessings. Dawn hath disclosed the pathways of the people. sending forth her rays. the mighty gloom. with wealth of kine. Uncovering. The Sun with light hath opened earth and heaven. 5 Inspired with loving thoughts this day to greet thee. 5 Impelling every God to grant his bounty sending to us the charm of pleasant voices. with blessings. 1 THE priests. pouring fatness. Thou whom with bellowings of a bull they quickened: thou didst unbar the firm-set mountain's portals. for profit. that we may see. we and our wealthy nobles have awakened. Dawn. Preserve us evermore. Dawn hath risen. the friendly Lady makes the light. HYMN LXXX. Vouchsafe us thoughts. She hath sent out her sheen with beauteous oxen. Daughter of Heaven. 1. are the first awakened to welcome Usas with their songs and praises. Thy cattle.by her well-yoked horses.and shows apparent all existing creatures. as ye are rising. HYMN LXXIX. treasures to the pious. as thou breakest. 4 Bestow on us. the Daughter of the Sky is seen. Dawn. 2 They paint their bright rays on the sky's far limits. ADVANCING. as Savitar spreads his arms. Preserve us evermore. 3 May blessed Mornings shine on us for ever. and of heroes. 2 Giving fresh life when she hath hid the darkness. and brought forth lauds that shall promote our welfare. HYMN LXXXI. . Streaming with all abundance. ye Gods. Youthful and unrestrained she cometh forward: she hath turned thoughts to Sun and fire and worship. Show yourselves fruitful. Preserve us evermore. she distributes. ye Gods. that ample bounty which thou didst send to those who sang thy praises. with blessings. ROUSING the lands where men's Five Tribes are settled. closely shutting up the darkness. ye Gods. give forth their lustre. most like to Indra. the Dawns come on like tribes arrayed for battle. of horses. O Dawn. best of Angirases. a Goddess. Who makes surrounding regions part asunder. 1. 3 Wealthy. this Dawn hath wakened there with new-born lustre. Dawn. Vasisthas.

7 No trouble. may Usas dawn our foes away. you prompt to hear. workest fain to light the great world. dawning. O Dawn. no misfortune. 6 Give to our princes opulence and immortal fame. HYMN LXXXIT. Indra-Varuna. for sacrifice. no woe from any side assails the mortal man Whose sacrifice. may we attain the share allotted us. Goddess! that it may be seen. at thine arising. Indra-Varuna. Dawn. Indra-Varuna 1. heaven. we bards. What. pours down his beams together with the Dawn. made the dry places stream. with the Maruis seeks renown. made songs of praise flow forth. Child of Heaven. bestow thou on us to enjoy. 4 In battels and in frays we ministering priests. the Other. O Usas. O ye Steers. Lady of sweet strains. kneeling upon our knees for furtherance of our weal. only you. May we subdue in fight our evil-hearted foes. and our family. IndraVaruna. We yearn to be thine own. our people. In peace and quiet Mitra waits on Varuna. All Gods in the most lofty region of the air have. Daughter of the Sky. 2 O Indra-Varuna. Dealer of Wealth: may we be to this Mother like her sons. awful. as ye created all these creatures of the world by your surpassing might. Cheered by this magic draught ye. 3 Ye with your strength have pierced the fountains of the floods: the Sun have ye brought forward as the Lord in heaven. yea. Thee. Bounteous One. 5 O Indra-Varuna.2 The Sun ascending. May she who prompts the wealthy. him who attacks the man steadfast in lengthened rites. 3 Promptly we woke to welcome thee. and to the offerer health and wealth. mighty and very rich One of you is called Monarch and One Autocrat. that shall be famed most far away. the refulgent Star. combined all power and might in you. O Gods. and strength in herds of kine to us. the Lords of twofold wealth. Invoke you. 5 Bring us that wondrous bounty. GRANT us your strong protection. 4 Thou. who bringest all we long to have. The One subdueth the destructive enemy. thou hast of nourishment for man. O Indra-Varuna. ye visit and enjoy: ne'er doth the crafty guile of . and the Sun's. the Other with a few furthereth many a man. these Twain have measured each his proper power and might. 6 That Varuna's high worth may shine preeminent.

Mitra. The enmities of the people compassed me about. that they might win the wealth. Ye smote and slew his Dasa and his Aryan enemies. Indra-Varuna. the God who strengthens Law. O Indra-Varuna. True was the boast of heroes sitting at the feast: so at their invocations Gods were on their side. 6 The men of both the hosts invoked you in the fight. Indra-Varuna.mortal injure him. come to us: mine invncation hear. your friendship and your kinship and your favouring grace. Ye heard my calling and ye came to me with help. 8 O Indra-Varuna. armed with broad axes they went forward. fain for spoil. 4 With your resistless weapons. HYMN LXXXIII. O Indra-Varuna. We think of the beneficent light of Aditi. Indra-Varuna. There where the white-robed Trtsus with their braided hair. be ye our Champions. 1. ye who are the peoples' strength. 9 In battle after battle. O Indra-Varuna. 10 May Indra. if ye be pleased therewith. 5 O Indra-Varuna. when the Ten Kings had pressed him down in their attack. 3 The boundaries of earth were seen all dark with dust: O Indra-Varuna. What time ye helped Sudas. confederate. and Aryaman vouchsafe us glory and great shelter spreading far. and helped Sudas with favour. the wickedness of foes and mine assailants' hatred sorely trouble me. ye conquered Bheda and ye gave Sudas your aid. and men that they may gain offspring and progeny. Indra-Varuna. Bestow ye upon us. skilled in song . and Savitar's song of praise. Ye heard the prayers of these amid the cries of war: effectual was the service of the Trtsus' priest. 8 With your divine protection. Varuna. Indra and Varuna. 2 Where heroes come together with their banners raised. When both opposing bands invoke you for the fight. the shout went up to heaven. with all the Trtsu folk. Ye Twain are Lords of riches both of earth and heaven: so grant to us your aid on the decisive day. Heroes. Where all things that behold the light are terrified. LOOKING to you and your alliance. in the encounter where is naught for us to love. ye gave Sudas your aid when the Ten Kings in battle compassed him about. in war prevailed not o'er Sudas. 7 Ten Kings who worshipped not. there did ye comfort us. O ye Men.

For the Aditya. I would turn you hither to this our sacrifice with gifts and homage. the Other smites and slays resistless foemen. Far from us still be Varuna's displeasure may Indra give us spacious room to dwell in. and Aryaman vouchsafe us glory and great shelter spreading far. who with his sacred gifts and . smite back those-our foemen. presenting the Soma juice to Varuna and IndraA hymn that shines like heavenly Dawn with fatness. banisher of falsehood. One of these holds the folk distinct and sundered. Varuna. To the Gods' banquet may we go with riches. Indra-Varuna. 4 O Indra-Varuna. Vouchsafe us your protection. ye Mighty. 3 Make ye our sacrifice fair amid the assemblies: make ye our prayers approved among our princes. ye Gods. FOR you I deck a harmless hymn. goes of itself to you whose forms are varied. 3 Self-lucid in their seats. Mitra. KINGS. 10 May Indra. 1. We call on you. and Savitar's song of praise. the Hero.yea. 2 Here where the arrows fall amid the banners both hosts invoke the Gods in emulation. with our hymns of praise. 9 One of you Twain destroys the Vrtras in the fight. dealeth wealth in boundless plenty. 4 Wise be the priest and skilled in Law Eternal.worshipped you with homage and with hymn. Indra-Varuna. O Indra-Varuna. May they be near us on the march and guard us. We think of the beneficent light of Aditi. May God-sent riches come for our possession: further ye us with your delightful succours. the Other evermore maintains his holy Laws. HYMN LXXXIV. dropping fatness. 1. e'en heavenly Waters endowed with Godhead Varuna and Indra. smite them withyour shaft to every quarter. Indra-Varuna. the God who strengthens Law. 5 May this my song reach Varuna and Indra. win me sons and offspring. Preserve us evermore. vouchsafe us riches with store of treasure. Held in both arms the ladle. with blessings. and. 2 Dyaus quickens and promotes your high dominion who bind with bonds not wrought of rope or cordage. HYMN LXXXV. and every blessing. food. strongly urging. Indra-Varuna.

win me sons and offspring. 5 Free us from sins committed by our fathers. ye Gods with blessings. the Star of old. Preserve us ever-more. with blessings. Varuna. free from sin. 5 May this my song reach Varuna and Indra. and quickly sinless will I approach thee with mine homage. 7 Slavelike may I do service to the Bounteous. This gentle Lord gives wisdom to the simple: the wiser God leads on the wise to riches. speed on in order. VARUNA cut a pathway out for Surya. O King. ihat thou wouldst slay the friend who sings thy praises? Tell me. Brings you to aid us with your might. and. Preserve us evermore. verily. To the Gods' banquet may we go with riches. 1. O Varuna. Varuna. and spread the earth before him. WISE. hath been my chief transgression. strongly urging. The Mares. 8 O Lord. "Surely this Varuna is angry with thee. are creatures through his greatness who stayed ever. ye Gods. 1. Unconquerable Lord. from those wherein we have ourselves offended.oration. set free Vasistha. dice. as in a race. 2 With mine own heart I commune on the question how Varuna and I may be united. spacious heaven and earth asunder. loose. or anger. HYMN LXXXVII. thoughtlessness. Varuna. and ask them. Who urged the high and mighty sky to motion. and led the watery floods of rivers onward." 4 What. as from the cord a calf. This one same answer even the sages gave me. the God inclined to anger. Adityas: let him have viands to promote his welfare. O Varuna. The old is near to lead astray the younger: even sleep removeth not all evildoing. may this laudation come close to thed and lie within thy spirit. like a thief who feeds the cattle. He made great channels for the . serve. 6 Not our own will betrayed us. What gift of mine will he accept unangered? When may I calmly look and find him gracious? 3 Fain to know this in in I question others: I seek the wise. HYMN LXXXVI. May it be well with us in rest and labour. Varuna wine. but seduction.

have entered thy lofty home. sent forth upon their errand. a strong wild creature. Varuna. when without enmity we walked together? I. Within these two. So might he bring-Lord also of the darkness-the light in heaven that I may see its beauty! 3 When Varuna and I embark together and urge our boat into the midst of ocean. great saving power hath he.days to follow. most delightful to the Bounteous Giver. The wise King Varuna hath made in heaven that Golden Swing to cover it with glory. shall speak as 'twere to teach the race that cometh. will swing within that swing and there be happy. like a white-shining spark. 7 Before this Varuna may we be sinless him who shows mercy even to the sinnerWhile we are keeping Aditi's ordinances. holy. exalted Earth and Heaven. 5 What hath become of those our ancient friendships. 1. 4 Varuna placed Vasistha in the vessel. are all the forms thou lovest. HYMN LXXXVIII. knowing the place's secret. skilled in sacrifices. while the heavens broadened and the Dawns were lengthened. thy breath. thine house with . bright. laden with a thousand treasures. Vasistha. The sapient God. wh